Period
to 21 October 2021

The median annual salary for a Data Engineer was £65,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Engineer
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 196 192 293
Rank change year-on-year -4 +101 +144
Permanent jobs requiring a Data Engineer 2,360 900 1,565
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.87% 1.84% 1.14%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.05% 1.94% 1.19%
Number of salaries quoted 1,815 697 1,263
10th Percentile £41,250 £42,500 £41,250
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% -7.69% -3.70%
75th Percentile £82,500 £76,250 £80,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,550
% change year-on-year +4.76% +3.86% -6.39%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 115,071 46,466 131,108
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.20% 94.98% 95.67%
Number of salaries quoted 79,593 38,910 105,900
10th Percentile £31,875 £32,500 £28,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Data Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Data Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer.

Salary trend for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Engineer over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 2,091 £65,000 +4.00% 383
London -18 1,277 £72,500 +3.57% 228
UK excluding London -4 911 £55,000 +4.76% 166
Work from Home -73 386 £65,000 +13.04% 73
North of England -27 204 £53,000 +0.95% 32
South East -61 183 £60,000 +14.29% 44
Midlands -33 162 £52,500 - 36
West Midlands -33 134 £55,000 +2.33% 28
Scotland -10 112 £54,500 -0.91% 10
North West -39 108 £57,500 +4.55% 19
South West -20 105 £49,375 +3.95% 20
East of England -44 95 £68,750 -1.79% 19
Yorkshire -39 86 £50,750 +6.84% 8
East Midlands -66 28 £47,500 - 8
Wales -53 22 £45,000 -8.16% 4
Northern Ireland -30 19 £75,000 +36.36% 2
Isle of Man - 11 - -
North East -20 10 £41,500 -17.00% 5

Data Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, Data Engineer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Data Engineer in the job title.

1 1,604 (67.97%) Python
2 1,542 (65.34%) SQL
3 1,020 (43.22%) AWS
4 1,006 (42.63%) Analytics
5 994 (42.12%) ETL
6 980 (41.53%) Azure
7 917 (38.86%) Data Warehouse
8 800 (33.90%) Business Intelligence
9 776 (32.88%) Data Engineering
10 753 (31.91%) Data Pipeline
11 710 (30.08%) Agile Software Development
12 697 (29.53%) Data Modelling
13 650 (27.54%) Big Data
14 626 (26.53%) Java
15 616 (26.10%) Data Science
16 608 (25.76%) Apache Spark
17 587 (24.87%) Data Lake
18 564 (23.90%) Power BI
18 564 (23.90%) Power Platform
19 480 (20.34%) GCP
20 453 (19.19%) Kafka
21 445 (18.86%) DevOps
22 439 (18.60%) Databricks
23 427 (18.09%) Finance
24 382 (16.19%) Social Skills
25 370 (15.68%) Visualisation
26 360 (15.25%) Hadoop
27 348 (14.75%) Microsoft
28 347 (14.70%) Machine Learning
29 345 (14.62%) Scala

Data Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 608 (25.76%) Apache Spark
2 229 (9.70%) Apache Airflow
3 188 (7.97%) Apache
4 54 (2.29%) SAS
5 49 (2.08%) Elasticsearch
6 28 (1.19%) Confluence
7 27 (1.14%) Luigi
8 25 (1.06%) SharePoint
9 20 (0.85%) Gunicorn
10 11 (0.47%) Apache Pig
11 9 (0.38%) CMS
11 9 (0.38%) Jupyter
12 7 (0.30%) Oracle Workflow
12 7 (0.30%) Sitecore CMS
13 6 (0.25%) OpenStack
14 4 (0.17%) Apache Synapse
14 4 (0.17%) Oracle Application Server
15 2 (0.085%) Apache Pulsar
15 2 (0.085%) Ethereum
15 2 (0.085%) Mule
Applications
1 85 (3.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (0.51%) Simulink
4 6 (0.25%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.042%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 23 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 4 (0.17%) Unit4 Business World
4 3 (0.13%) Unica
5 1 (0.042%) SAP MDG
5 1 (0.042%) SAP MDM
5 1 (0.042%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.042%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,020 (43.22%) AWS
2 980 (41.53%) Azure
3 564 (23.90%) Power Platform
4 480 (20.34%) GCP
5 335 (14.19%) Azure Data Factory
6 230 (9.75%) Serverless
7 220 (9.32%) Snowflake
8 168 (7.12%) Amazon S3
8 168 (7.12%) Azure Synapse Analytics
9 141 (5.97%) AWS Lambda
10 122 (5.17%) Amazon Kinesis
11 117 (4.96%) Amazon EMR
12 114 (4.83%) Amazon EC2
13 78 (3.31%) GitHub
14 67 (2.84%) Azure Functions
14 67 (2.84%) SaaS
15 64 (2.71%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 63 (2.67%) AWS CloudFormation
17 59 (2.50%) Microsoft 365
18 53 (2.25%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 34 (1.44%) Cisco IPT
2 14 (0.59%) DNS
2 14 (0.59%) FTP
3 12 (0.51%) HTTPS
4 9 (0.38%) DHCP
4 9 (0.38%) IPv4
4 9 (0.38%) IPv6
4 9 (0.38%) SMTP
4 9 (0.38%) SNMP
4 9 (0.38%) SSH
4 9 (0.38%) TCP/IP
5 5 (0.21%) IPsec
5 5 (0.21%) Kerberos
5 5 (0.21%) VPN
5 5 (0.21%) Wireless
6 4 (0.17%) GGSN
6 4 (0.17%) Network Security
6 4 (0.17%) SSL
6 4 (0.17%) WPA
7 3 (0.13%) SMPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 917 (38.86%) Data Warehouse
2 650 (27.54%) Big Data
3 587 (24.87%) Data Lake
4 564 (23.90%) Power BI
5 360 (15.25%) Hadoop
6 343 (14.53%) SQL Server
7 322 (13.64%) Tableau
8 312 (13.22%) NoSQL
9 301 (12.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 292 (12.37%) Amazon Redshift
11 238 (10.08%) PostgreSQL
12 217 (9.19%) Relational Database
13 174 (7.37%) MySQL
14 164 (6.95%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 141 (5.97%) Amazon Athena
16 135 (5.72%) BigQuery
17 130 (5.51%) MongoDB
18 125 (5.30%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 115 (4.87%) Apache Hive
20 110 (4.66%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 178 (7.54%) Git (software)
2 88 (3.73%) Jenkins
3 51 (2.16%) JIRA
4 33 (1.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 29 (1.23%) Oracle APEX
6 22 (0.93%) Vagrant
7 20 (0.85%) Visual Studio
8 16 (0.68%) kappa
9 15 (0.64%) CircleCI
10 13 (0.55%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
11 12 (0.51%) Octopus Deploy
12 11 (0.47%) GitLab
12 11 (0.47%) Selenium
12 11 (0.47%) Team Foundation Server
13 10 (0.42%) Bitbucket
13 10 (0.42%) ERwin
13 10 (0.42%) TeamCity
14 9 (0.38%) Hudson
15 8 (0.34%) RStudio
16 7 (0.30%) Rational DOORS
General
1 427 (18.09%) Finance
2 382 (16.19%) Social Skills
3 252 (10.68%) Analytical Skills
4 147 (6.23%) Banking
5 94 (3.98%) Retail
6 66 (2.80%) Marketing
7 65 (2.75%) Public Sector
8 44 (1.86%) Law
9 42 (1.78%) Advertising
10 34 (1.44%) Pharmaceutical
11 33 (1.40%) Publishing
12 30 (1.27%) Manufacturing
13 27 (1.14%) Games
13 27 (1.14%) Telecoms
14 25 (1.06%) Legal
15 20 (0.85%) Electronics
15 20 (0.85%) Presentation Skills
16 18 (0.76%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 18 (0.76%) Investment Banking
17 15 (0.64%) Organisational Skills
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 453 (19.19%) Kafka
2 112 (4.75%) PySpark
3 90 (3.81%) Web Services
4 78 (3.31%) .NET
5 72 (3.05%) JSON
6 71 (3.01%) Pandas
7 63 (2.67%) REST
8 62 (2.63%) Apache Beam
9 53 (2.25%) NumPy
10 49 (2.08%) Node.js
11 47 (1.99%) XML
12 40 (1.69%) gRPC
13 32 (1.36%) MDX
14 27 (1.14%) HTML
14 27 (1.14%) React
15 23 (0.97%) GraphQL
16 21 (0.89%) Spark Streaming
17 20 (0.85%) pytest
18 19 (0.81%) Flask
19 18 (0.76%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 138 (5.85%) Data Structures
2 131 (5.55%) Algorithms
3 87 (3.69%) Management Information System
4 57 (2.42%) Greenfield Project
5 49 (2.08%) Hedge funds
6 46 (1.95%) Legacy Systems
7 43 (1.82%) Life Science
8 40 (1.69%) Pricing Data
9 38 (1.61%) Cloud Native
10 32 (1.36%) Hybrid Cloud
10 32 (1.36%) Self-Motivation
11 31 (1.31%) Renewable Energy
12 29 (1.23%) Virtual Team
13 24 (1.02%) NHS
14 18 (0.76%) Data Centre
15 17 (0.72%) Enterprise Software
15 17 (0.72%) Tandem
16 15 (0.64%) Social Media
17 14 (0.59%) Equities
18 13 (0.55%) Biotechnology
Operating Systems
1 97 (4.11%) Linux
2 67 (2.84%) Unix
3 31 (1.31%) Windows
4 13 (0.55%) Apple iOS
5 7 (0.30%) Android
6 6 (0.25%) Windows Server
7 4 (0.17%) DC/OS
7 4 (0.17%) Solaris
8 1 (0.042%) OS/2
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,006 (42.63%) Analytics
2 994 (42.12%) ETL
3 800 (33.90%) Business Intelligence
4 776 (32.88%) Data Engineering
5 753 (31.91%) Data Pipeline
6 710 (30.08%) Agile Software Development
7 697 (29.53%) Data Modelling
8 616 (26.10%) Data Science
9 445 (18.86%) DevOps
10 370 (15.68%) Visualisation
11 347 (14.70%) Machine Learning
12 336 (14.24%) Data Management
13 318 (13.47%) Artificial Intelligence
14 276 (11.69%) Data Analytics
15 271 (11.48%) Problem-Solving
16 261 (11.06%) Data Architecture
17 232 (9.83%) Software Engineering
18 225 (9.53%) Migration
19 199 (8.43%) Computer Science
19 199 (8.43%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 1,604 (67.97%) Python
2 1,542 (65.34%) SQL
3 626 (26.53%) Java
4 345 (14.62%) Scala
5 210 (8.90%) R
6 195 (8.26%) PowerShell
7 182 (7.71%) C#
8 119 (5.04%) T-SQL
9 112 (4.75%) JavaScript
10 96 (4.07%) Bash Shell
11 78 (3.31%) Go
12 67 (2.84%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
13 56 (2.37%) C
14 43 (1.82%) PL/SQL
15 42 (1.78%) C++
16 24 (1.02%) Perl
16 24 (1.02%) TypeScript
17 21 (0.89%) Kotlin
18 20 (0.85%) U-SQL
19 19 (0.81%) HiveQL
Qualifications
1 220 (9.32%) Degree
2 72 (3.05%) Computer Science Degree
3 55 (2.33%) Security Cleared
4 43 (1.82%) SC Cleared
5 38 (1.61%) Cisco Certification
6 35 (1.48%) AWS Certification
7 34 (1.44%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 34 (1.44%) CISSP
8 22 (0.93%) Microsoft Certification
9 15 (0.64%) CCSP
10 14 (0.59%) PhD
11 13 (0.55%) Numerate Degree
12 12 (0.51%) Master's Degree
13 11 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
14 5 (0.21%) DBS Check
14 5 (0.21%) DV Cleared
14 5 (0.21%) HNC
14 5 (0.21%) HND
15 4 (0.17%) CCIP
15 4 (0.17%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 239 (10.13%) Data Quality
2 113 (4.79%) QA
3 72 (3.05%) GDPR
4 20 (0.85%) GRC
5 10 (0.42%) Accessibility
6 8 (0.34%) PCI DSS
7 5 (0.21%) SLA
7 5 (0.21%) SOC 2
8 4 (0.17%) CDISC
8 4 (0.17%) GMP
8 4 (0.17%) ISO 13485
9 2 (0.085%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.085%) NIST
10 1 (0.042%) COBIT
10 1 (0.042%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 1 (0.042%) NCSC
10 1 (0.042%) NIST 800
System Software
1 223 (9.45%) Docker
2 30 (1.27%) HDFS
3 13 (0.55%) VirtualBox
4 8 (0.34%) Firmware
5 6 (0.25%) Apache Flume
6 5 (0.21%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.085%) VMware Infrastructure
9 1 (0.042%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 232 (9.83%) Kubernetes
2 138 (5.85%) Terraform
3 55 (2.33%) Ansible
4 35 (1.48%) Puppet
5 27 (1.14%) Opscode Chef
6 23 (0.97%) Docker Swarm
7 18 (0.76%) Oozie
8 16 (0.68%) Hadoop YARN
9 12 (0.51%) Grafana
9 12 (0.51%) Packer
10 11 (0.47%) Salt
11 10 (0.42%) Graphite
12 9 (0.38%) Consul
12 9 (0.38%) Nagios
12 9 (0.38%) Opsview
12 9 (0.38%) ZABBIX
13 8 (0.34%) Control-M
14 5 (0.21%) Kubeflow
14 5 (0.21%) Mesos
15 4 (0.17%) Marathon
Vendors
1 439 (18.60%) Databricks
2 348 (14.75%) Microsoft
3 209 (8.86%) Google
4 152 (6.44%) Oracle
5 98 (4.15%) Talend
6 69 (2.92%) Informatica
7 57 (2.42%) SAP
8 46 (1.95%) Cloudera
9 45 (1.91%) Salesforce.com
10 43 (1.82%) Alteryx
11 37 (1.57%) Palantir
12 24 (1.02%) Hortonworks
13 20 (0.85%) StreamSets
14 17 (0.72%) ServiceNow
14 17 (0.72%) Teradata
15 16 (0.68%) IBM
15 16 (0.68%) Sybase
16 13 (0.55%) Adobe
17 11 (0.47%) Amplitude
17 11 (0.47%) SnapLogic