Period
to

The median annual salary for a Data Engineer was £70,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Engineer
UK
6 months to
17 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 153 182 242
Rank change year-on-year +29 +60 +83
Permanent jobs requiring a Data Engineer 4,207 1,677 1,352
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.62% 1.87% 1.40%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.83% 2.02% 1.47%
Number of salaries quoted 2,044 1,336 1,054
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £42,500
25th Percentile £51,250 £47,500 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £62,500 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +12.00% -7.41% -
75th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £83,438
90th Percentile £96,250 £90,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 148,463 83,129 91,810
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.60% 92.70% 95.32%
Number of salaries quoted 82,327 63,822 74,643
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.15% +3.33%

Data Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Data Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer.

Salary trend for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Engineer over the 6 months to 17 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 17 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +27 3,677 £70,000 +12.00% 279
London +11 2,384 £75,000 +7.14% 140
Work from Home +44 1,908 £70,000 +12.00% 120
UK excluding London +38 1,252 £60,000 +9.09% 168
South East +22 286 £62,500 +4.17% 22
North of England -32 280 £62,500 +13.64% 46
Midlands +28 255 £60,000 +9.09% 29
South West +54 181 £47,500 -5.00% 12
North West -1 177 £55,000 -8.33% 33
West Midlands +17 171 £55,000 -4.35% 14
East of England -6 132 £62,500 -10.71% 25
Scotland -28 98 £53,000 -7.83% 28
Yorkshire -63 87 £62,500 +22.55% 11
East Midlands +16 84 £65,000 +18.18% 15
Wales -27 23 £52,500 +16.67% 4
North East -8 17 £77,500 +35.47% 2
Northern Ireland -12 5 £45,000 -17.43% 2

Data Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 17 May 2022, Data Engineer job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Data Engineer in the job title.

1 3,002 (71.36%) Python
2 2,504 (59.52%) SQL
3 1,936 (46.02%) ETL
4 1,935 (45.99%) Analytics
5 1,914 (45.50%) AWS
6 1,822 (43.31%) Azure
7 1,751 (41.62%) Data Engineering
8 1,671 (39.72%) Data Pipeline
9 1,561 (37.10%) Data Warehouse
10 1,446 (34.37%) Agile
11 1,271 (30.21%) Data Modelling
12 1,246 (29.62%) Data Science
13 1,191 (28.31%) GCP
14 1,150 (27.34%) Apache Spark
15 1,138 (27.05%) Big Data
16 1,122 (26.67%) Data Lake
17 1,085 (25.79%) Business Intelligence
18 1,061 (25.22%) Java
19 964 (22.91%) Finance
20 952 (22.63%) CI/CD
21 840 (19.97%) DevOps
22 832 (19.78%) Social Skills
23 817 (19.42%) Kafka
24 798 (18.97%) Scala
25 754 (17.92%) Databricks
26 750 (17.83%) Machine Learning
27 748 (17.78%) Apache Airflow
28 716 (17.02%) NoSQL
29 642 (15.26%) Hadoop
30 632 (15.02%) Problem-Solving

Data Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,150 (27.34%) Apache Spark
2 748 (17.78%) Apache Airflow
3 450 (10.70%) Apache
4 202 (4.80%) Elasticsearch
5 92 (2.19%) Luigi
6 69 (1.64%) SAS
7 63 (1.50%) Confluence
8 43 (1.02%) Oracle Workflow
9 41 (0.97%) Jupyter
10 27 (0.64%) Apache Pig
11 24 (0.57%) SharePoint
12 18 (0.43%) Apache Solr
13 15 (0.36%) Apache Pulsar
14 4 (0.095%) CMS
14 4 (0.095%) Oracle Spatial
15 3 (0.071%) Ethereum
16 2 (0.048%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 2 (0.048%) WordPress
17 1 (0.024%) Documentum
17 1 (0.024%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 46 (1.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (0.17%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.12%) Campfire
4 5 (0.12%) Simulink
5 4 (0.095%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.024%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 17 (0.40%) JDE OneWorld
2 4 (0.095%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.071%) Shopify
4 2 (0.048%) IBM Planning Analytics
4 2 (0.048%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.048%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.024%) assyst
5 1 (0.024%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.024%) SimCorp Dimension
5 1 (0.024%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 1,914 (45.50%) AWS
2 1,822 (43.31%) Azure
3 1,191 (28.31%) GCP
4 629 (14.95%) Power Platform
5 601 (14.29%) Azure Data Factory
6 517 (12.29%) Snowflake
7 495 (11.77%) Amazon S3
8 458 (10.89%) Serverless
9 327 (7.77%) Azure Synapse Analytics
10 294 (6.99%) GitHub
11 247 (5.87%) Amazon EMR
12 232 (5.51%) dbt
13 216 (5.13%) AWS Lambda
14 193 (4.59%) Amazon Kinesis
15 192 (4.56%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 123 (2.92%) Cloud Computing
17 122 (2.90%) SaaS
18 117 (2.78%) AWS CloudFormation
19 114 (2.71%) Azure Functions
20 95 (2.26%) Matillion
Communications & Networking
1 56 (1.33%) Cisco IPT
2 54 (1.28%) Internet
3 35 (0.83%) Broadband
4 22 (0.52%) Network Security
5 8 (0.19%) VPN
6 6 (0.14%) 5G
6 6 (0.14%) DNS
6 6 (0.14%) S/MIME
6 6 (0.14%) Skype
6 6 (0.14%) SSH
6 6 (0.14%) Wireless
7 5 (0.12%) Firewall
7 5 (0.12%) HTTP
7 5 (0.12%) RS-422
7 5 (0.12%) SpaceWire
7 5 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
8 4 (0.095%) Structured Cabling
9 2 (0.048%) Cisco ASA
9 2 (0.048%) LTE
9 2 (0.048%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,561 (37.10%) Data Warehouse
2 1,138 (27.05%) Big Data
3 1,122 (26.67%) Data Lake
4 716 (17.02%) NoSQL
5 642 (15.26%) Hadoop
6 619 (14.71%) Power BI
7 575 (13.67%) SQL Server
8 496 (11.79%) PostgreSQL
9 466 (11.08%) Amazon Redshift
10 454 (10.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 441 (10.48%) Tableau
12 430 (10.22%) BigQuery
13 379 (9.01%) Relational Database
14 332 (7.89%) Metadata
15 320 (7.61%) MongoDB
16 263 (6.25%) Amazon Athena
17 253 (6.01%) Looker
18 238 (5.66%) Apache Hive
19 231 (5.49%) MySQL
20 210 (4.99%) Flink
Development Applications
1 373 (8.87%) Git (software)
2 233 (5.54%) Jenkins
3 140 (3.33%) JIRA
4 75 (1.78%) CircleCI
4 75 (1.78%) GitLab
5 41 (0.97%) Visual Studio
6 23 (0.55%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
7 19 (0.45%) IBM UrbanCode
8 16 (0.38%) Bitbucket
9 12 (0.29%) Cucumber
9 12 (0.29%) ERwin
9 12 (0.29%) RStudio
10 11 (0.26%) Subversion
11 10 (0.24%) Selenium
11 10 (0.24%) TeamCity
12 9 (0.21%) Spinnaker
13 8 (0.19%) git-flow
14 7 (0.17%) Appium
15 5 (0.12%) kappa
15 5 (0.12%) Mercurial
General
1 964 (22.91%) Finance
2 832 (19.78%) Social Skills
3 620 (14.74%) Analytical Skills
4 243 (5.78%) Marketing
5 234 (5.56%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 223 (5.30%) Banking
7 187 (4.44%) Games
8 174 (4.14%) Retail
9 122 (2.90%) Public Sector
10 117 (2.78%) Law
11 76 (1.81%) Automotive
12 70 (1.66%) Advertising
12 70 (1.66%) Financial Institution
13 62 (1.47%) Telecoms
14 59 (1.40%) Organisational Skills
15 56 (1.33%) Manufacturing
16 47 (1.12%) Legal
17 46 (1.09%) Influencing Skills
18 36 (0.86%) Publishing
19 33 (0.78%) Aviation
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 817 (19.42%) Kafka
2 323 (7.68%) PySpark
3 169 (4.02%) .NET
4 150 (3.57%) Pandas
5 137 (3.26%) Apache Beam
6 125 (2.97%) JSON
7 93 (2.21%) Apache NiFi
8 89 (2.12%) Spark Streaming
9 85 (2.02%) React
10 84 (2.00%) XML
11 83 (1.97%) REST
12 66 (1.57%) RabbitMQ
13 59 (1.40%) Apache Avro
14 58 (1.38%) AngularJS
15 57 (1.35%) Web Services
16 53 (1.26%) Node.js
17 51 (1.21%) TensorFlow
18 50 (1.19%) FastAPI
19 47 (1.12%) NumPy
19 47 (1.12%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 300 (7.13%) Algorithms
2 274 (6.51%) Data Structures
3 180 (4.28%) Cloud Native
4 140 (3.33%) Greenfield Project
5 139 (3.30%) Self-Motivation
6 99 (2.35%) Management Information System
7 92 (2.19%) Public Cloud
8 62 (1.47%) IoT
9 60 (1.43%) Virtual Team
10 54 (1.28%) Sports Betting
11 48 (1.14%) Blog
12 45 (1.07%) User Experience
13 44 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
14 40 (0.95%) Blockchain
15 38 (0.90%) Legacy Systems
16 36 (0.86%) NHS
16 36 (0.86%) Social Media
17 32 (0.76%) PropTech
18 31 (0.74%) Reference Data
19 29 (0.69%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 237 (5.63%) Linux
2 160 (3.80%) Unix
3 76 (1.81%) Windows
4 12 (0.29%) Android
5 9 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (0.19%) Apple iOS
7 7 (0.17%) Mac OS
8 6 (0.14%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.071%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,936 (46.02%) ETL
2 1,935 (45.99%) Analytics
3 1,751 (41.62%) Data Engineering
4 1,671 (39.72%) Data Pipeline
5 1,446 (34.37%) Agile
6 1,271 (30.21%) Data Modelling
7 1,246 (29.62%) Data Science
8 1,085 (25.79%) Business Intelligence
9 952 (22.63%) CI/CD
10 840 (19.97%) DevOps
11 750 (17.83%) Machine Learning
12 632 (15.02%) Problem-Solving
13 620 (14.74%) Visualisation
14 545 (12.95%) Data Analytics
15 541 (12.86%) Data Management
16 494 (11.74%) Software Engineering
17 470 (11.17%) Data Architecture
18 437 (10.39%) Computer Science
19 383 (9.10%) Data Analysis
20 372 (8.84%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 3,002 (71.36%) Python
2 2,504 (59.52%) SQL
3 1,061 (25.22%) Java
4 798 (18.97%) Scala
5 286 (6.80%) C#
6 249 (5.92%) PowerShell
7 235 (5.59%) T-SQL
8 218 (5.18%) Bash
9 189 (4.49%) R
10 161 (3.83%) JavaScript
11 130 (3.09%) C++
12 129 (3.07%) Go
13 98 (2.33%) Shell Script
14 94 (2.23%) C
15 48 (1.14%) Ruby
16 44 (1.05%) Kotlin
17 41 (0.97%) VBA
18 39 (0.93%) TypeScript
19 36 (0.86%) PL/SQL
20 35 (0.83%) Perl
Qualifications
1 479 (11.39%) Degree
2 198 (4.71%) Computer Science Degree
3 132 (3.14%) Security Cleared
4 92 (2.19%) SC Cleared
5 66 (1.57%) Cisco Certification
6 64 (1.52%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 64 (1.52%) CISSP
7 55 (1.31%) Master's Degree
8 32 (0.76%) AWS Certification
9 31 (0.74%) Numerate Degree
10 30 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
11 25 (0.59%) PhD
11 25 (0.59%) PMI Certification
12 11 (0.26%) CTC Cleared
13 9 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
14 8 (0.19%) CCSP
14 8 (0.19%) IBM Certification
14 8 (0.19%) Sun Certification
15 7 (0.17%) DBS Check
16 6 (0.14%) ACTC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 540 (12.84%) Data Quality
2 145 (3.45%) QA
3 102 (2.42%) GDPR
4 61 (1.45%) Accessibility
5 39 (0.93%) CDISC
6 38 (0.90%) HL7
7 21 (0.50%) PCI DSS
8 8 (0.19%) SLA
9 6 (0.14%) SOC 2
10 4 (0.095%) NIST
11 3 (0.071%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 3 (0.071%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.048%) GLBA
13 1 (0.024%) GxP
System Software
1 560 (13.31%) Docker
2 54 (1.28%) Apache Flume
3 38 (0.90%) HDFS
4 16 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
5 10 (0.24%) ISA Server
6 6 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 4 (0.095%) Active Directory
7 4 (0.095%) Firmware
8 3 (0.071%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.048%) zsh
Systems Management
1 582 (13.83%) Kubernetes
2 437 (10.39%) Terraform
3 114 (2.71%) Ansible
4 56 (1.33%) Oozie
5 38 (0.90%) Prometheus
6 35 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
7 28 (0.67%) Grafana
8 27 (0.64%) Kibana
9 15 (0.36%) Puppet
10 14 (0.33%) Argo
10 14 (0.33%) Consul
11 12 (0.29%) Rancher
12 10 (0.24%) Kubeflow
13 7 (0.17%) CA Service Virtualization
13 7 (0.17%) Control-M
13 7 (0.17%) Istio
14 6 (0.14%) CASB
14 6 (0.14%) Cisco IPCC
14 6 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
14 6 (0.14%) Mesos
Vendors
1 754 (17.92%) Databricks
2 515 (12.24%) Google
3 498 (11.84%) Microsoft
4 303 (7.20%) Oracle
5 146 (3.47%) Talend
6 128 (3.04%) Informatica
7 88 (2.09%) Alteryx
8 82 (1.95%) Cloudera
9 67 (1.59%) Teradata
10 65 (1.55%) Salesforce.com
11 60 (1.43%) Palantir
12 53 (1.26%) Splunk
13 47 (1.12%) IBM
14 40 (0.95%) Dataiku
15 29 (0.69%) RedGate
16 28 (0.67%) AppDynamics
16 28 (0.67%) Red Hat
16 28 (0.67%) Refinitiv
16 28 (0.67%) Reuters
17 26 (0.62%) SAP