Period
to 2 August 2021

The median annual salary for a Data Engineer was £65,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 2 August 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Engineer
UK
6 months to
2 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 196 212 307
Rank change year-on-year +16 +95 +143
Permanent jobs requiring a Data Engineer 2,045 1,105 1,585
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.81% 1.63% 1.10%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.98% 1.71% 1.15%
Number of salaries quoted 1,620 796 1,333
10th Percentile £41,250 £42,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £47,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £65,000
75th Percentile £81,250 £82,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,824 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.12% +0.62% -4.55%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 103,167 64,497 138,246
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 91.17% 94.98% 95.85%
Number of salaries quoted 73,302 52,601 111,748
10th Percentile £31,750 £31,250 £28,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

Data Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Data Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer.

Salary trend for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Engineer over the 6 months to 2 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 2 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 1,824 £65,000 - 319
London -9 1,141 £70,000 -3.45% 187
UK excluding London +43 773 £55,000 +4.12% 145
Work from Home -19 358 £62,500 +2.04% 54
North of England +41 195 £55,000 +4.76% 43
Midlands -6 143 £50,000 -9.09% 23
South East -70 135 £60,000 +14.29% 32
West Midlands -20 118 £52,500 -4.55% 19
Yorkshire +19 105 £52,500 -4.55% 11
South West -18 103 £47,500 +5.56% 13
Scotland -14 85 £57,500 +4.55% 13
North West +2 83 £60,000 +20.00% 30
East of England -18 61 £72,500 +7.41% 16
East Midlands -30 25 £50,000 +10.12% 4
Wales -15 22 £47,500 +2.70% 4
Northern Ireland -19 16 £75,000 - 1
Isle of Man - 14 £37,500 -
North East -26 7 £41,000 -18.00% 2

Data Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 2 August 2021, Data Engineer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Data Engineer in the job title.

1 1,379 (67.43%) Python
2 1,299 (63.52%) SQL
3 947 (46.31%) AWS
4 887 (43.37%) ETL
5 874 (42.74%) Azure
6 826 (40.39%) Analytics
7 808 (39.51%) Data Warehouse
8 744 (36.38%) Data Pipeline
9 713 (34.87%) Business Intelligence
10 700 (34.23%) Data Engineering
11 613 (29.98%) Big Data
12 578 (28.26%) Agile Software Development
13 571 (27.92%) Apache Spark
13 571 (27.92%) Data Science
14 568 (27.78%) Data Modelling
15 515 (25.18%) GCP
16 448 (21.91%) Java
17 442 (21.61%) Power Platform
17 442 (21.61%) Power BI
18 436 (21.32%) Data Lake
19 418 (20.44%) Kafka
20 390 (19.07%) Hadoop
21 362 (17.70%) Finance
22 351 (17.16%) DevOps
23 339 (16.58%) Visualisation
24 325 (15.89%) Databricks
24 325 (15.89%) Social Skills
25 321 (15.70%) Artificial Intelligence
26 307 (15.01%) Machine Learning
27 306 (14.96%) SQL Server

Data Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 571 (27.92%) Apache Spark
2 245 (11.98%) Apache Airflow
3 165 (8.07%) Apache
4 53 (2.59%) Elasticsearch
5 50 (2.44%) Luigi
6 28 (1.37%) SAS
7 22 (1.08%) Apache Pig
8 18 (0.88%) Oracle Workflow
9 17 (0.83%) Gunicorn
10 15 (0.73%) Confluence
11 12 (0.59%) SharePoint
12 4 (0.20%) Oracle Application Server
13 3 (0.15%) Apache Pulsar
13 3 (0.15%) Apache Synapse
13 3 (0.15%) Jupyter
13 3 (0.15%) OpenStack
14 2 (0.098%) Anypoint
14 2 (0.098%) Mule
15 1 (0.049%) ArcGIS
15 1 (0.049%) CMS
Applications
1 47 (2.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.20%) Simulink
5 2 (0.098%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.098%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 21 (1.03%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 3 (0.15%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.098%) Unica
4 2 (0.098%) Unit4 Business World
5 1 (0.049%) Eikon
5 1 (0.049%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
5 1 (0.049%) SAP MDG
5 1 (0.049%) SAP MDM
5 1 (0.049%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 947 (46.31%) AWS
2 874 (42.74%) Azure
3 515 (25.18%) GCP
4 442 (21.61%) Power Platform
5 262 (12.81%) Azure Data Factory
6 205 (10.02%) Snowflake
7 201 (9.83%) Serverless
8 149 (7.29%) Azure Synapse Analytics
9 120 (5.87%) Amazon Kinesis
10 119 (5.82%) Amazon S3
11 98 (4.79%) AWS Lambda
12 96 (4.69%) Amazon EMR
13 76 (3.72%) Amazon EC2
14 72 (3.52%) SaaS
15 43 (2.10%) Azure Functions
16 40 (1.96%) Amazon ECS
17 38 (1.86%) Google Analytics
18 37 (1.81%) AWS CloudFormation
19 35 (1.71%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 35 (1.71%) dbt
Communications & Networking
1 12 (0.59%) SSH
2 9 (0.44%) FTP
3 8 (0.39%) HTTPS
4 6 (0.29%) DNS
5 5 (0.24%) DHCP
5 5 (0.24%) IPsec
5 5 (0.24%) IPv4
5 5 (0.24%) IPv6
5 5 (0.24%) SMTP
5 5 (0.24%) SNMP
5 5 (0.24%) TCP/IP
5 5 (0.24%) VPN
6 4 (0.20%) Broadband
6 4 (0.20%) HTTP
7 3 (0.15%) Internet
7 3 (0.15%) SMPP
8 2 (0.098%) Firewall
8 2 (0.098%) Network Security
8 2 (0.098%) PBX
8 2 (0.098%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 808 (39.51%) Data Warehouse
2 613 (29.98%) Big Data
3 442 (21.61%) Power BI
4 436 (21.32%) Data Lake
5 390 (19.07%) Hadoop
6 306 (14.96%) SQL Server
7 290 (14.18%) NoSQL
8 267 (13.06%) Tableau
9 245 (11.98%) Amazon Redshift
10 208 (10.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 169 (8.26%) PostgreSQL
12 161 (7.87%) Relational Database
13 153 (7.48%) BigQuery
14 148 (7.24%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 119 (5.82%) Amazon Athena
16 109 (5.33%) MySQL
17 98 (4.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 97 (4.74%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
19 96 (4.69%) Apache Hive
19 96 (4.69%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 162 (7.92%) Git (software)
2 129 (6.31%) Jenkins
3 58 (2.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 55 (2.69%) Vagrant
5 41 (2.00%) JIRA
6 35 (1.71%) Oracle APEX
7 18 (0.88%) Hudson
7 18 (0.88%) Visual Studio
8 15 (0.73%) Team Foundation Server
9 11 (0.54%) Selenium
10 10 (0.49%) CircleCI
11 9 (0.44%) Spinnaker
12 8 (0.39%) GitLab
13 7 (0.34%) MLflow
13 7 (0.34%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 6 (0.29%) Artifactory
14 6 (0.29%) Sonatype Nexus
15 5 (0.24%) Bitbucket
15 5 (0.24%) TeamCity
16 4 (0.20%) Gradle
General
1 362 (17.70%) Finance
2 325 (15.89%) Social Skills
3 188 (9.19%) Analytical Skills
4 102 (4.99%) Retail
5 98 (4.79%) Banking
6 55 (2.69%) Marketing
7 39 (1.91%) Public Sector
8 35 (1.71%) Law
9 33 (1.61%) Telecoms
10 28 (1.37%) Advertising
11 27 (1.32%) Publishing
12 25 (1.22%) Games
13 23 (1.12%) Organisational Skills
14 21 (1.03%) Manufacturing
15 20 (0.98%) Presentation Skills
16 17 (0.83%) Influencing Skills
17 15 (0.73%) Russian Language
18 14 (0.68%) Legal
19 13 (0.64%) Financial Institution
19 13 (0.64%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 418 (20.44%) Kafka
2 101 (4.94%) PySpark
3 91 (4.45%) Web Services
4 65 (3.18%) Apache Beam
5 63 (3.08%) Spark Streaming
6 60 (2.93%) REST
7 59 (2.89%) Pandas
8 47 (2.30%) JSON
9 46 (2.25%) .NET
9 46 (2.25%) NumPy
10 36 (1.76%) Node.js
11 29 (1.42%) gRPC
12 23 (1.12%) HTML
12 23 (1.12%) React
12 23 (1.12%) XML
13 22 (1.08%) scikit-learn
14 20 (0.98%) GraphQL
14 20 (0.98%) RabbitMQ
15 17 (0.83%) Flask
15 17 (0.83%) pytest
Miscellaneous
1 105 (5.13%) Algorithms
2 99 (4.84%) Data Structures
3 54 (2.64%) Greenfield Project
4 50 (2.44%) Legacy Systems
5 48 (2.35%) Hedge funds
6 47 (2.30%) Management Information System
7 42 (2.05%) Hybrid Cloud
8 35 (1.71%) Cloud Native
9 33 (1.61%) Life Science
10 29 (1.42%) Equities
11 28 (1.37%) Pricing Data
12 23 (1.12%) Renewable Energy
13 19 (0.93%) Self-Motivation
14 17 (0.83%) NHS
15 16 (0.78%) Data Centre
15 16 (0.78%) User Experience
16 14 (0.68%) Blog
17 13 (0.64%) Fixed Income
17 13 (0.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 13 (0.64%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 103 (5.04%) Linux
2 26 (1.27%) Unix
3 13 (0.64%) Windows
4 12 (0.59%) Apple iOS
5 6 (0.29%) Android
6 1 (0.049%) OS/2
Processes & Methodologies
1 887 (43.37%) ETL
2 826 (40.39%) Analytics
3 744 (36.38%) Data Pipeline
4 713 (34.87%) Business Intelligence
5 700 (34.23%) Data Engineering
6 578 (28.26%) Agile Software Development
7 571 (27.92%) Data Science
8 568 (27.78%) Data Modelling
9 351 (17.16%) DevOps
10 339 (16.58%) Visualisation
11 321 (15.70%) Artificial Intelligence
12 307 (15.01%) Machine Learning
13 247 (12.08%) Data Architecture
13 247 (12.08%) Data Management
14 212 (10.37%) Data Analytics
15 205 (10.02%) Software Engineering
16 178 (8.70%) Computer Science
17 170 (8.31%) Problem-Solving
18 156 (7.63%) Data Visualisation
19 150 (7.33%) Data Integration
Programming Languages
1 1,379 (67.43%) Python
2 1,299 (63.52%) SQL
3 448 (21.91%) Java
4 265 (12.96%) Scala
5 161 (7.87%) R
6 108 (5.28%) C#
7 99 (4.84%) T-SQL
8 82 (4.01%) JavaScript
9 76 (3.72%) PowerShell
10 52 (2.54%) Go
11 50 (2.44%) Bash Shell
12 49 (2.40%) C
13 44 (2.15%) C++
14 38 (1.86%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
15 29 (1.42%) PL/SQL
16 27 (1.32%) U-SQL
17 18 (0.88%) Kotlin
18 14 (0.68%) Clojure
18 14 (0.68%) TypeScript
19 13 (0.64%) XPath
Qualifications
1 205 (10.02%) Degree
2 82 (4.01%) Computer Science Degree
3 60 (2.93%) Security Cleared
4 44 (2.15%) SC Cleared
5 21 (1.03%) Microsoft Certification
6 16 (0.78%) Numerate Degree
7 14 (0.68%) DV Cleared
8 13 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
9 7 (0.34%) AWS Certification
10 6 (0.29%) PhD
11 4 (0.20%) DBS Check
11 4 (0.20%) Master's Degree
12 3 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
13 2 (0.098%) CCNP
13 2 (0.098%) SAS Certification
14 1 (0.049%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 1 (0.049%) CCA
14 1 (0.049%) CISSP
14 1 (0.049%) HNC
14 1 (0.049%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 144 (7.04%) Data Quality
2 109 (5.33%) QA
3 56 (2.74%) GDPR
4 17 (0.83%) GRC
5 11 (0.54%) Accessibility
6 5 (0.24%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.20%) SLA
8 2 (0.098%) SOC 2
9 1 (0.049%) NCSC
9 1 (0.049%) NIST
System Software
1 272 (13.30%) Docker
2 37 (1.81%) VirtualBox
3 15 (0.73%) HDFS
4 14 (0.68%) Apache Flume
5 5 (0.24%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.098%) Firmware
8 1 (0.049%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 296 (14.47%) Kubernetes
2 171 (8.36%) Terraform
3 85 (4.16%) Ansible
4 56 (2.74%) Docker Swarm
5 44 (2.15%) Puppet
6 41 (2.00%) Opscode Chef
7 34 (1.66%) Grafana
8 24 (1.17%) Packer
9 21 (1.03%) Hadoop YARN
10 19 (0.93%) Graphite
10 19 (0.93%) Prometheus
10 19 (0.93%) Salt
11 18 (0.88%) Consul
11 18 (0.88%) Nagios
11 18 (0.88%) Opsview
11 18 (0.88%) ZABBIX
12 12 (0.59%) Oozie
13 4 (0.20%) Ambari
13 4 (0.20%) Argo
14 3 (0.15%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 325 (15.89%) Databricks
2 298 (14.57%) Microsoft
3 254 (12.42%) Google
4 157 (7.68%) Oracle
5 102 (4.99%) Talend
6 70 (3.42%) Cloudera
7 67 (3.28%) Informatica
8 57 (2.79%) SAP
9 53 (2.59%) Hortonworks
10 46 (2.25%) IBM
11 38 (1.86%) Teradata
12 36 (1.76%) Alteryx
13 23 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
14 18 (0.88%) StreamSets
15 12 (0.59%) Amplitude
15 12 (0.59%) Dataiku
16 10 (0.49%) Cognos
17 9 (0.44%) Cisco
18 8 (0.39%) Instagram
18 8 (0.39%) Sybase