Period
to 28 March 2020

The median annual salary for a Data Engineer was £70,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Engineer
UK
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 253 319 510
Rank change year-on-year +66 +191 +119
Permanent jobs requiring a Data Engineer 1,494 1,492 987
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.26% 1.01% 0.56%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.32% 1.05% 0.58%
Number of salaries quoted 1,235 1,258 833
Median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.70% +8.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +16.67%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 113,301 142,173 169,977
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.40% 95.95% 96.46%
Number of salaries quoted 90,811 113,523 139,618
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £29,250 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £84,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £43,000
% change year-on-year - +4.65% +1.18%

Data Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Data Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer.

Salary trend for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Engineer over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Salary histogram for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +60 1,410 £70,000 +3.70% 334
London +37 1,008 £72,500 - 218
UK excluding London +144 466 £55,000 - 146
South East +83 128 £56,250 -2.17% 26
North of England +87 106 £55,000 +10.00% 30
Work from Home +56 80 £70,000 +9.80% 16
Midlands +111 74 £60,000 +33.33% 22
West Midlands +97 59 £57,500 +27.78% 16
Scotland +52 56 £53,250 +1.43% 24
South West -15 55 £50,000 -9.09% 12
North West +48 51 £55,000 -15.38% 21
Yorkshire +58 49 £55,000 +29.41% 8
East of England +52 30 £72,500 +26.09% 26
East Midlands +32 15 £65,000 +44.44% 6
Wales -8 13 £39,250 +30.83% 5
North East -7 6 £54,671 +10.81% 1
Channel Islands - 3 £60,000 -
Northern Ireland +17 1 - - 1

Data Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, Data Engineer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Data Engineer in the job title.

1 989 (66.20%) Python
2 818 (54.75%) SQL
3 650 (43.51%) AWS
4 610 (40.83%) ETL
5 601 (40.23%) Big Data
6 577 (38.62%) Analytics
7 522 (34.94%) Data Science
8 509 (34.07%) Apache Spark
8 509 (34.07%) Azure
9 449 (30.05%) Agile Software Development
10 441 (29.52%) Hadoop
11 401 (26.84%) Data Engineering
12 399 (26.71%) Scala
13 394 (26.37%) Java
14 390 (26.10%) Data Warehouse
15 382 (25.57%) Business Intelligence
16 350 (23.43%) Kafka
17 327 (21.89%) GCP
18 293 (19.61%) Data Modelling
19 292 (19.54%) NoSQL
20 287 (19.21%) Finance
21 285 (19.08%) Machine Learning
22 275 (18.41%) SQL Server
23 243 (16.27%) Data Lake
24 225 (15.06%) Analytical Skills
25 224 (14.99%) DevOps
26 215 (14.39%) Tableau
27 213 (14.26%) Google
28 204 (13.65%) Amazon Redshift
29 193 (12.92%) Docker

Data Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 509 (34.07%) Apache Spark
2 120 (8.03%) Apache Airflow
3 93 (6.22%) Apache
4 58 (3.88%) Elasticsearch
5 51 (3.41%) Luigi
6 42 (2.81%) SAS
7 14 (0.94%) Jupyter
8 13 (0.87%) Confluence
9 7 (0.47%) OpenStack
10 6 (0.40%) nginx
11 5 (0.33%) Apache Pig
12 4 (0.27%) Apache Synapse
12 4 (0.27%) Oracle Workflow
13 3 (0.20%) Apache Solr
13 3 (0.20%) ArcGIS
13 3 (0.20%) Tornado
14 2 (0.13%) SharePoint
15 1 (0.067%) BizTalk Server
15 1 (0.067%) OpenWhisk
15 1 (0.067%) Pachyderm
Applications
1 18 (1.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.60%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.33%) S-PLUS
4 3 (0.20%) SPSS
5 1 (0.067%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 5 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.27%) Raiser's Edge
3 3 (0.20%) Cognos Business Intelligence
4 2 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.13%) Cognos TM1
5 1 (0.067%) Eikon
5 1 (0.067%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.067%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 650 (43.51%) AWS
2 509 (34.07%) Azure
3 327 (21.89%) GCP
4 179 (11.98%) Power Platform
5 127 (8.50%) Amazon S3
6 124 (8.30%) Amazon EMR
7 96 (6.43%) Azure Data Factory
8 80 (5.35%) Amazon Kinesis
9 79 (5.29%) Serverless
10 56 (3.75%) Amazon EC2
11 49 (3.28%) AWS Lambda
12 42 (2.81%) SaaS
13 37 (2.48%) PaaS
14 30 (2.01%) Amazon SQS
15 28 (1.87%) Cloud Computing
16 22 (1.47%) IBM Cloud
17 18 (1.20%) Data Lake Analytics
18 15 (1.00%) GitHub
19 14 (0.94%) Amazon Glacier
20 13 (0.87%) AWS Data Pipeline
Communications & Networking
1 13 (0.87%) Wireless
2 12 (0.80%) Internet
2 12 (0.80%) WAN
3 11 (0.74%) Wi-Fi
4 10 (0.67%) Firewall
5 8 (0.54%) BGP
6 7 (0.47%) HTTP
6 7 (0.47%) Structured Cabling
7 6 (0.40%) LAN
8 5 (0.33%) FTP
8 5 (0.33%) Network Security
9 4 (0.27%) Cisco Nexus
10 2 (0.13%) Cisco Firepower
10 2 (0.13%) DSL
10 2 (0.13%) Frame Relay
10 2 (0.13%) IP Telephony
10 2 (0.13%) IPv6
10 2 (0.13%) PABX
10 2 (0.13%) Skype
10 2 (0.13%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 601 (40.23%) Big Data
2 441 (29.52%) Hadoop
3 390 (26.10%) Data Warehouse
4 292 (19.54%) NoSQL
5 275 (18.41%) SQL Server
6 243 (16.27%) Data Lake
7 204 (13.65%) Amazon Redshift
8 179 (11.98%) Power BI
9 171 (11.45%) PostgreSQL
10 167 (11.18%) Apache Hive
11 161 (10.78%) Relational Database
12 140 (9.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 136 (9.10%) Apache Cassandra
14 118 (7.90%) BigQuery
15 100 (6.69%) MongoDB
16 99 (6.63%) Amazon Athena
17 94 (6.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 77 (5.15%) Snowflake Schema
19 67 (4.48%) HBase
19 67 (4.48%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 182 (12.18%) Git (software)
2 106 (7.10%) Jenkins
3 42 (2.81%) Visual Studio Team System
4 33 (2.21%) Octopus Deploy
5 32 (2.14%) JIRA
6 31 (2.07%) Maven
7 27 (1.81%) Jasmine
7 27 (1.81%) Karma Test Runner
7 27 (1.81%) NUnit
8 26 (1.74%) Bitbucket
9 25 (1.67%) Artifactory
9 25 (1.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 23 (1.54%) Vagrant
11 13 (0.87%) TeamCity
12 11 (0.74%) Sonatype Nexus
13 10 (0.67%) Visual Studio
14 8 (0.54%) JUnit
15 7 (0.47%) CircleCI
15 7 (0.47%) GoCD
15 7 (0.47%) Selenium
General
1 287 (19.21%) Finance
2 84 (5.62%) Retail
3 79 (5.29%) Marketing
4 56 (3.75%) Banking
5 49 (3.28%) Legal
6 43 (2.88%) Public Sector
7 30 (2.01%) Games
8 26 (1.74%) Automotive
8 26 (1.74%) Manufacturing
9 20 (1.34%) Advertising
10 18 (1.20%) Aerospace
11 16 (1.07%) Law
11 16 (1.07%) Telecoms
12 12 (0.80%) Financial Institution
13 4 (0.27%) Back Office
13 4 (0.27%) Electronics
13 4 (0.27%) Police
14 2 (0.13%) Front Office
14 2 (0.13%) iGaming
14 2 (0.13%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 350 (23.43%) Kafka
2 60 (4.02%) RabbitMQ
3 51 (3.41%) PySpark
4 49 (3.28%) Spark Streaming
5 44 (2.95%) .NET
5 44 (2.95%) Pandas
6 42 (2.81%) TensorFlow
7 37 (2.48%) scikit-learn
8 34 (2.28%) Web Services
9 33 (2.21%) NumPy
10 32 (2.14%) Node.js
11 31 (2.07%) REST
12 28 (1.87%) Apache NiFi
13 27 (1.81%) Enzyme
13 27 (1.81%) Jest
14 24 (1.61%) D3.js
15 22 (1.47%) MDX
15 22 (1.47%) RESTful
16 20 (1.34%) React
16 20 (1.34%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 225 (15.06%) Analytical Skills
2 128 (8.57%) Data Structures
3 100 (6.69%) Algorithms
4 74 (4.95%) Greenfield Project
5 46 (3.08%) Self-Motivation
6 26 (1.74%) Management Information System
7 20 (1.34%) Hedge funds
8 19 (1.27%) Acoustics
9 18 (1.20%) Blog
10 17 (1.14%) Cloud Native
11 16 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
12 15 (1.00%) Social Media
12 15 (1.00%) User Experience
13 14 (0.94%) Data Centre
14 11 (0.74%) Virtual Team
15 9 (0.60%) Fibre Optics
16 8 (0.54%) IBM Mainframe
16 8 (0.54%) Linux Command Line
16 8 (0.54%) Mainframe
16 8 (0.54%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 145 (9.71%) Linux
2 69 (4.62%) Unix
3 17 (1.14%) Windows
4 2 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 2 (0.13%) Windows Server
5 1 (0.067%) Windows Server 2008
5 1 (0.067%) Windows Server 2012
5 1 (0.067%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 610 (40.83%) ETL
2 577 (38.62%) Analytics
3 522 (34.94%) Data Science
4 449 (30.05%) Agile Software Development
5 401 (26.84%) Data Engineering
6 382 (25.57%) Business Intelligence
7 293 (19.61%) Data Modelling
8 285 (19.08%) Machine Learning
9 224 (14.99%) DevOps
10 178 (11.91%) Visualisation
11 173 (11.58%) Data Analytics
12 171 (11.45%) Software Engineering
13 158 (10.58%) Artificial Intelligence
14 141 (9.44%) Data Integration
15 131 (8.77%) Computer Science
16 123 (8.23%) Data Analysis
17 109 (7.30%) Data Visualisation
18 98 (6.56%) Continuous Integration
19 94 (6.29%) Fintech
20 93 (6.22%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 989 (66.20%) Python
2 818 (54.75%) SQL
3 399 (26.71%) Scala
4 394 (26.37%) Java
5 129 (8.63%) R
6 115 (7.70%) C#
7 93 (6.22%) C++
8 61 (4.08%) JavaScript
9 50 (3.35%) Go
10 41 (2.74%) T-SQL
11 36 (2.41%) PL/SQL
12 28 (1.87%) C
13 22 (1.47%) Perl
14 20 (1.34%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
15 19 (1.27%) Bash Shell
15 19 (1.27%) PowerShell
15 19 (1.27%) U-SQL
16 17 (1.14%) Shell Script
17 16 (1.07%) Ruby
17 16 (1.07%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 186 (12.45%) Degree
2 58 (3.88%) Computer Science Degree
3 49 (3.28%) Security Cleared
4 40 (2.68%) SC Cleared
5 18 (1.20%) PhD
6 16 (1.07%) DV Cleared
7 9 (0.60%) Master's Degree
8 8 (0.54%) PMI Certification
9 5 (0.33%) AWS Certification
9 5 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
10 3 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
10 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.13%) CCNA
11 2 (0.13%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 1 (0.067%) CCDP
12 1 (0.067%) CCNP
12 1 (0.067%) CFA
12 1 (0.067%) HNC
12 1 (0.067%) MCSD
12 1 (0.067%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (4.08%) Data Quality
2 56 (3.75%) QA
3 31 (2.07%) GAAP
4 9 (0.60%) GDPR
5 5 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.27%) SLA
7 3 (0.20%) CDISC
7 3 (0.20%) HL7
8 1 (0.067%) COBIT
8 1 (0.067%) DICOM
8 1 (0.067%) NIST
System Software
1 193 (12.92%) Docker
2 61 (4.08%) HDFS
3 19 (1.27%) VirtualBox
4 17 (1.14%) Apache Flume
5 16 (1.07%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.27%) Active Directory
6 4 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.067%) Alluxio
7 1 (0.067%) Ceph
7 1 (0.067%) etcd
7 1 (0.067%) Firmware
7 1 (0.067%) Gluster
Systems Management
1 165 (11.04%) Kubernetes
2 115 (7.70%) Terraform
3 81 (5.42%) Ansible
4 38 (2.54%) Oozie
5 35 (2.34%) Hadoop YARN
6 26 (1.74%) Docker Swarm
7 21 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
7 21 (1.41%) Puppet
8 11 (0.74%) Istio
9 10 (0.67%) linkerd
9 10 (0.67%) Salt
10 9 (0.60%) Grafana
10 9 (0.60%) Mesos
10 9 (0.60%) Prometheus
10 9 (0.60%) Rancher
11 6 (0.40%) Kibana
11 6 (0.40%) Nagios
12 5 (0.33%) Kubeflow
13 4 (0.27%) Consul
13 4 (0.27%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 215 (14.39%) Tableau
2 213 (14.26%) Google
3 153 (10.24%) Oracle
4 131 (8.77%) Microsoft
5 106 (7.10%) Databricks
6 85 (5.69%) Talend
7 81 (5.42%) Cloudera
8 69 (4.62%) Informatica
9 56 (3.75%) Teradata
10 43 (2.88%) Alteryx
11 40 (2.68%) Hortonworks
12 33 (2.21%) Automation Anywhere
12 33 (2.21%) Blue Prism
12 33 (2.21%) Cadence
12 33 (2.21%) IBM
12 33 (2.21%) UiPath
13 30 (2.01%) Cisco
13 30 (2.01%) Juniper
13 30 (2.01%) Nokia
14 24 (1.61%) SAP