Period
to 23 April 2021

The median annual salary for a Data Engineer was £60,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Engineer
UK
6 months to
23 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 178 248 319
Rank change year-on-year +70 +71 +156
Permanent jobs requiring a Data Engineer 1,586 1,407 1,521
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.86% 1.30% 1.02%
As % of the Job Titles category 1.99% 1.37% 1.07%
Number of salaries quoted 1,267 1,107 1,292
10th Percentile £41,250 £42,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £51,250 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £67,500 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year -11.11% - +3.85%
75th Percentile £78,750 £82,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £53,700
% change year-on-year - +2.42% -1.47%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 79,501 102,944 142,454
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.99% 95.36% 95.99%
Number of salaries quoted 62,104 83,638 114,552
10th Percentile £31,500 £30,000 £28,500
25th Percentile £41,000 £38,300 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £68,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%

Data Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Data Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer.

Salary trend for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Engineer over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Engineer in the UK

Data Engineer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 23 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +73 1,457 £62,500 -10.71% 249
London +46 858 £70,000 -3.45% 130
UK excluding London +146 647 £55,000 - 133
Work from Home +4 256 £62,500 -10.71% 44
North of England +113 201 £55,000 +0.60% 39
South East +77 123 £60,000 +4.35% 29
Midlands +50 116 £57,500 - 17
Yorkshire +53 101 £52,500 -4.55% 12
North West +83 90 £60,000 +14.83% 23
South West +31 89 £50,000 +5.26% 9
West Midlands +24 85 £60,000 +9.09% 13
Scotland +24 62 £57,500 +7.98% 11
East of England +59 39 £70,000 +12.00% 25
East Midlands +41 30 £55,000 -12.00% 4
Wales +39 13 £45,000 +16.88% 2
North East +15 10 £57,500 +5.18% 4
Isle of Man - 4 £37,500 -
Northern Ireland +4 1 - - 1

Data Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 23 April 2021, Data Engineer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Data Engineer in the job title.

1 1,048 (66.08%) Python
2 964 (60.78%) SQL
3 751 (47.35%) AWS
4 719 (45.33%) ETL
5 686 (43.25%) Azure
6 568 (35.81%) Data Engineering
7 559 (35.25%) Data Warehouse
8 544 (34.30%) Analytics
9 519 (32.72%) Business Intelligence
10 486 (30.64%) Big Data
11 440 (27.74%) Data Science
12 433 (27.30%) GCP
13 429 (27.05%) Apache Spark
14 408 (25.73%) Agile Software Development
15 371 (23.39%) Data Modelling
16 328 (20.68%) Hadoop
17 313 (19.74%) Java
18 312 (19.67%) Power BI
18 312 (19.67%) Power Platform
19 307 (19.36%) Kafka
20 288 (18.16%) Data Lake
21 269 (16.96%) DevOps
22 268 (16.90%) SQL Server
23 256 (16.14%) Scala
24 253 (15.95%) Microsoft
24 253 (15.95%) Finance
25 251 (15.83%) Machine Learning
26 246 (15.51%) Visualisation
27 233 (14.69%) NoSQL
28 226 (14.25%) Databricks

Data Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 429 (27.05%) Apache Spark
2 155 (9.77%) Apache Airflow
3 111 (7.00%) Apache
4 61 (3.85%) Luigi
5 39 (2.46%) SAS
6 34 (2.14%) Elasticsearch
7 15 (0.95%) Apache Pig
7 15 (0.95%) Oracle Workflow
8 14 (0.88%) Jupyter
9 9 (0.57%) SharePoint
10 7 (0.44%) Confluence
11 4 (0.25%) Gunicorn
11 4 (0.25%) OpenStack
12 2 (0.13%) Anypoint
12 2 (0.13%) Apache Synapse
13 1 (0.063%) Apache Pulsar
13 1 (0.063%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 27 (1.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.063%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.063%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 11 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.13%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.063%) Eikon
3 1 (0.063%) JDE OneWorld
3 1 (0.063%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 1 (0.063%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.063%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 751 (47.35%) AWS
2 686 (43.25%) Azure
3 433 (27.30%) GCP
4 312 (19.67%) Power Platform
5 186 (11.73%) Azure Data Factory
6 107 (6.75%) Azure Synapse Analytics
7 106 (6.68%) Serverless
8 104 (6.56%) Amazon S3
9 80 (5.04%) Amazon Kinesis
10 78 (4.92%) Amazon EMR
11 56 (3.53%) Amazon EC2
12 48 (3.03%) AWS Lambda
13 33 (2.08%) Cloud Functions
13 33 (2.08%) SaaS
14 32 (2.02%) Matillion
15 30 (1.89%) IBM Cloud
16 29 (1.83%) Azure Stack
17 28 (1.77%) GitHub
18 26 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
19 24 (1.51%) Azure Machine Learning
Communications & Networking
1 7 (0.44%) SSH
2 5 (0.32%) Internet
3 3 (0.19%) FTP
4 2 (0.13%) Broadband
4 2 (0.13%) DNS
4 2 (0.13%) PBX
5 1 (0.063%) DSL
5 1 (0.063%) HTTP
5 1 (0.063%) Intranet
5 1 (0.063%) PuTTY
5 1 (0.063%) Structured Cabling
5 1 (0.063%) Unified Communications
5 1 (0.063%) VoIP
5 1 (0.063%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 559 (35.25%) Data Warehouse
2 486 (30.64%) Big Data
3 328 (20.68%) Hadoop
4 312 (19.67%) Power BI
5 288 (18.16%) Data Lake
6 268 (16.90%) SQL Server
7 233 (14.69%) NoSQL
8 215 (13.56%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 211 (13.30%) Amazon Redshift
10 181 (11.41%) Tableau
11 162 (10.21%) BigQuery
12 133 (8.39%) PostgreSQL
13 114 (7.19%) Relational Database
14 113 (7.12%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 111 (7.00%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 106 (6.68%) Snowflake Schema
17 94 (5.93%) Amazon Athena
18 84 (5.30%) Apache Hive
18 84 (5.30%) Azure SQL Database
19 73 (4.60%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 136 (8.58%) Jenkins
2 135 (8.51%) Git (software)
3 50 (3.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 45 (2.84%) Vagrant
5 23 (1.45%) JIRA
6 21 (1.32%) Oracle APEX
7 19 (1.20%) Maven
8 18 (1.13%) Bitbucket
8 18 (1.13%) Team Foundation Server
9 17 (1.07%) Visual Studio
10 16 (1.01%) Artifactory
11 13 (0.82%) Sonatype Nexus
12 12 (0.76%) Hudson
13 10 (0.63%) GitLab
14 7 (0.44%) Selenium
15 6 (0.38%) Octopus Deploy
15 6 (0.38%) TeamCity
16 5 (0.32%) Spinnaker
17 4 (0.25%) Arsenale Dataplane
17 4 (0.25%) CircleCI
General
1 253 (15.95%) Finance
2 76 (4.79%) Retail
3 74 (4.67%) Banking
4 52 (3.28%) Public Sector
5 51 (3.22%) Marketing
6 44 (2.77%) Law
7 32 (2.02%) Telecoms
8 24 (1.51%) Advertising
9 20 (1.26%) Manufacturing
10 16 (1.01%) Publishing
11 15 (0.95%) Games
12 12 (0.76%) Retail Banking
13 8 (0.50%) Financial Institution
13 8 (0.50%) Front Office
14 7 (0.44%) Digital Economy
14 7 (0.44%) Electronics
14 7 (0.44%) Investment Banking
14 7 (0.44%) Legal
15 4 (0.25%) Aerospace
15 4 (0.25%) Czech Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 307 (19.36%) Kafka
2 63 (3.97%) Spark Streaming
3 55 (3.47%) PySpark
4 44 (2.77%) Web Services
5 35 (2.21%) .NET
5 35 (2.21%) REST
6 29 (1.83%) Pandas
7 24 (1.51%) JSON
8 23 (1.45%) TensorFlow
9 22 (1.39%) Apache Beam
10 21 (1.32%) Spring Boot
11 20 (1.26%) Node.js
12 18 (1.13%) NumPy
12 18 (1.13%) scikit-learn
13 17 (1.07%) XML
14 15 (0.95%) Akka
14 15 (0.95%) Apache NiFi
14 15 (0.95%) Flask
14 15 (0.95%) RabbitMQ
15 13 (0.82%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 140 (8.83%) Analytical Skills
2 65 (4.10%) Algorithms
2 65 (4.10%) Data Structures
3 53 (3.34%) Greenfield Project
4 30 (1.89%) Hybrid Cloud
5 24 (1.51%) Cloud Native
6 23 (1.45%) Management Information System
7 20 (1.26%) Life Science
8 17 (1.07%) Equities
9 16 (1.01%) NHS
9 16 (1.01%) Organisational Skills
10 15 (0.95%) Hedge funds
11 14 (0.88%) Self-Motivation
12 13 (0.82%) Data Centre
13 12 (0.76%) Tandem
14 11 (0.69%) Blog
15 9 (0.57%) Linux Command Line
15 9 (0.57%) Mobile App
15 9 (0.57%) Reference Data
16 8 (0.50%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 78 (4.92%) Linux
2 32 (2.02%) Unix
3 2 (0.13%) Android
3 2 (0.13%) Apple iOS
3 2 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1 (0.063%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 719 (45.33%) ETL
2 568 (35.81%) Data Engineering
3 544 (34.30%) Analytics
4 519 (32.72%) Business Intelligence
5 440 (27.74%) Data Science
6 408 (25.73%) Agile Software Development
7 371 (23.39%) Data Modelling
8 269 (16.96%) DevOps
9 251 (15.83%) Machine Learning
10 246 (15.51%) Visualisation
11 214 (13.49%) Artificial Intelligence
12 162 (10.21%) Data Analytics
13 157 (9.90%) Data Architecture
14 144 (9.08%) Data Management
14 144 (9.08%) Software Engineering
15 137 (8.64%) Data Integration
16 121 (7.63%) Data Visualisation
17 117 (7.38%) Computer Science
18 116 (7.31%) Continuous Integration
19 109 (6.87%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,048 (66.08%) Python
2 964 (60.78%) SQL
3 313 (19.74%) Java
4 256 (16.14%) Scala
5 128 (8.07%) R
6 97 (6.12%) C#
7 80 (5.04%) T-SQL
8 49 (3.09%) JavaScript
9 45 (2.84%) Go
9 45 (2.84%) PL/SQL
10 36 (2.27%) C++
11 34 (2.14%) Bash Shell
11 34 (2.14%) C
12 22 (1.39%) Shell Script
13 21 (1.32%) HiveQL
14 19 (1.20%) PowerShell
15 10 (0.63%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
16 9 (0.57%) U-SQL
17 8 (0.50%) VBA
17 8 (0.50%) XPath
Qualifications
1 151 (9.52%) Degree
2 82 (5.17%) Security Cleared
3 71 (4.48%) SC Cleared
4 58 (3.66%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (1.07%) DV Cleared
6 12 (0.76%) Numerate Degree
7 10 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
8 7 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
9 6 (0.38%) PhD
10 5 (0.32%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.19%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.13%) CCNP
12 2 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.13%) HND
13 1 (0.063%) SAS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 90 (5.67%) Data Quality
2 70 (4.41%) QA
3 22 (1.39%) GDPR
4 5 (0.32%) SLA
5 4 (0.25%) GRC
6 1 (0.063%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.063%) TickIT
System Software
1 187 (11.79%) Docker
2 32 (2.02%) VirtualBox
3 28 (1.77%) HDFS
4 8 (0.50%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.063%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.063%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 202 (12.74%) Kubernetes
2 175 (11.03%) Terraform
3 95 (5.99%) Ansible
4 44 (2.77%) Docker Swarm
5 32 (2.02%) Puppet
6 28 (1.77%) Grafana
6 28 (1.77%) Opscode Chef
7 18 (1.13%) Prometheus
8 16 (1.01%) Packer
9 14 (0.88%) Graphite
9 14 (0.88%) Nagios
9 14 (0.88%) Opsview
10 12 (0.76%) Consul
10 12 (0.76%) Oozie
10 12 (0.76%) Salt
10 12 (0.76%) ZABBIX
11 7 (0.44%) Hadoop YARN
12 4 (0.25%) Ambari
12 4 (0.25%) Argo
13 1 (0.063%) Kibana
Vendors
1 253 (15.95%) Microsoft
2 226 (14.25%) Databricks
3 196 (12.36%) Google
4 155 (9.77%) Oracle
5 136 (8.58%) Talend
6 82 (5.17%) Informatica
7 78 (4.92%) Cloudera
8 43 (2.71%) Hortonworks
9 42 (2.65%) IBM
10 34 (2.14%) Teradata
11 26 (1.64%) Alteryx
11 26 (1.64%) SAP
12 24 (1.51%) Salesforce.com
13 18 (1.13%) Cognos
14 13 (0.82%) Dataiku
14 13 (0.82%) MuleSoft
15 9 (0.57%) Ab Initio
15 9 (0.57%) ESRI
15 9 (0.57%) Snowplow
15 9 (0.57%) StreamSets