Period
to 18 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GraphQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GraphQL over the 6 months to 18 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

GraphQL
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 151 329 573
Rank change year-on-year +178 +244 +334
Permanent jobs citing GraphQL 2,992 447 632
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.39% 0.93% 0.46%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 5.91% 2.12% 1.23%
Number of salaries quoted 1,104 367 508
10th Percentile £42,500 £45,000 £41,250
25th Percentile £48,750 £50,000 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.00% -
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year -4.76% - +20.00%

GraphQL is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 50,626 21,045 51,443
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.41% 43.92% 37.47%
Number of salaries quoted 32,406 18,044 42,608
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £54,903
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.73% +8.72%
75th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

GraphQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GraphQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GraphQL.

Salary trend for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing GraphQL over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Salary histogram for GraphQL in the UK

GraphQL
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GraphQL within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +165 2,682 £67,500 +3.85% 278
London +166 2,042 £75,000 +7.14% 161
UK excluding London +60 686 £50,000 -4.76% 143
Work from Home +40 644 £65,000 +0.21% 68
North of England -9 181 £50,000 -2.44% 51
South East -7 178 £50,000 -13.04% 32
Midlands -12 134 £51,000 -2.86% 11
North West -24 94 £45,000 -10.00% 28
Yorkshire -35 81 £75,000 +50.00% 11
West Midlands -67 67 £50,000 -4.76% 8
East Midlands -23 66 £55,000 -24.14% 3
South West -76 66 £55,000 +10.00% 14
Scotland -50 42 £50,000 -23.08% 20
East of England -87 42 £47,500 +5.56% 7
Wales - 37 £55,000 - 8
Northern Ireland -38 7 £50,000 -16.67%
North East -49 6 £43,500 -20.91% 12

For the 6 months to 18 October 2021, IT jobs citing GraphQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GraphQL.

1 1,922 (64.24%) React
2 1,586 (53.01%) JavaScript
3 1,498 (50.07%) Agile Software Development
4 1,457 (48.70%) TypeScript
5 1,375 (45.96%) Node.js
6 1,116 (37.30%) AWS
7 1,101 (36.80%) Docker
8 1,086 (36.30%) Software Engineering
9 1,005 (33.59%) Microservices
10 957 (31.99%) REST
11 895 (29.91%) Full Stack Development
12 825 (27.57%) Kubernetes
13 742 (24.80%) Git (software)
14 718 (24.00%) Python
15 717 (23.96%) Serverless
16 713 (23.83%) Java
17 703 (23.50%) TDD
18 670 (22.39%) PostgreSQL
19 635 (21.22%) CSS
20 631 (21.09%) User Experience
21 629 (21.02%) Social Skills
22 571 (19.08%) Terraform
23 561 (18.75%) Continuous Integration
24 554 (18.52%) Test Automation
25 537 (17.95%) HTML
26 534 (17.85%) DevOps
27 530 (17.71%) SQL
28 506 (16.91%) Finance
29 495 (16.54%) Problem-Solving
30 492 (16.44%) Front End Development

GraphQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 274 (9.16%) Elasticsearch
2 86 (2.87%) Apache
3 85 (2.84%) CMS
4 54 (1.80%) Headless CMS
4 54 (1.80%) nginx
5 42 (1.40%) Confluence
6 41 (1.37%) Apache Pulsar
7 39 (1.30%) WordPress
8 29 (0.97%) IIS
9 26 (0.87%) Apache Spark
10 18 (0.60%) Apache Airflow
11 17 (0.57%) Umbraco
12 13 (0.43%) Ethereum
13 12 (0.40%) Kentico
13 12 (0.40%) Tomcat
14 11 (0.37%) Tornado
15 6 (0.20%) NServiceBus
16 2 (0.067%) Documentum
16 2 (0.067%) ExpressionEngine
16 2 (0.067%) SharePoint
Applications
1 72 (2.41%) Figma
2 50 (1.67%) Sketch
3 25 (0.84%) InVision
4 21 (0.70%) Adobe XD
5 17 (0.57%) Photoshop
6 8 (0.27%) Marvel
7 7 (0.23%) Chatbot
7 7 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
8 6 (0.20%) Zeplin
9 5 (0.17%) Fireworks
9 5 (0.17%) GIMP
10 1 (0.033%) Adobe After Effects
10 1 (0.033%) MadCap Flare
10 1 (0.033%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 39 (1.30%) Magento
2 21 (0.70%) Shopify
3 12 (0.40%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.13%) NetSuite
4 4 (0.13%) Summit
5 1 (0.033%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,116 (37.30%) AWS
2 717 (23.96%) Serverless
3 441 (14.74%) GCP
4 432 (14.44%) GitHub
5 360 (12.03%) Azure
6 354 (11.83%) SaaS
7 315 (10.53%) AWS Lambda
8 140 (4.68%) Amazon S3
9 89 (2.97%) Amazon SQS
10 87 (2.91%) GitHub Actions
11 84 (2.81%) Amazon ECS
12 81 (2.71%) npm
13 77 (2.57%) Cloud Computing
14 70 (2.34%) PaaS
15 67 (2.24%) Heroku
16 54 (1.80%) AWS CloudFormation
17 53 (1.77%) AWS Step Functions
18 44 (1.47%) Yarn
19 41 (1.37%) Amazon Kinesis
20 39 (1.30%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 87 (2.91%) HTTP
2 57 (1.91%) Broadband
3 47 (1.57%) Internet
4 15 (0.50%) Bluetooth
5 14 (0.47%) SMS
6 12 (0.40%) Skype
6 12 (0.40%) SSH
7 10 (0.33%) DNS
7 10 (0.33%) TCP/IP
8 9 (0.30%) DHCP
8 9 (0.30%) HTTPS
8 9 (0.30%) IPv4
8 9 (0.30%) IPv6
8 9 (0.30%) SMTP
8 9 (0.30%) SNMP
9 6 (0.20%) MQTT
9 6 (0.20%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
10 4 (0.13%) DAB
10 4 (0.13%) Intrusion Detection
11 2 (0.067%) Firewall
Database & Business Intelligence
1 670 (22.39%) PostgreSQL
2 402 (13.44%) NoSQL
3 321 (10.73%) MongoDB
4 302 (10.09%) MySQL
5 272 (9.09%) Big Data
6 236 (7.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 187 (6.25%) SQL Server
8 148 (4.95%) Relational Database
9 137 (4.58%) Redis
10 69 (2.31%) Amazon RDS
11 44 (1.47%) Blockchain
12 38 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
13 37 (1.24%) BigQuery
14 25 (0.84%) Data Lake
15 23 (0.77%) RDBMS
16 20 (0.67%) Hadoop
16 20 (0.67%) Neo4j
17 17 (0.57%) Amazon Aurora
18 16 (0.53%) CockroachDB
18 16 (0.53%) FoundationDB
Development Applications
1 742 (24.80%) Git (software)
2 334 (11.16%) Jenkins
3 321 (10.73%) Cypress.io
4 241 (8.05%) webpack
5 136 (4.55%) GitLab
6 127 (4.24%) JIRA
7 120 (4.01%) CircleCI
8 98 (3.28%) Babel
9 94 (3.14%) Selenium
10 81 (2.71%) Storybook
11 73 (2.44%) Mocha
12 59 (1.97%) PostCSS
13 55 (1.84%) gulp
14 54 (1.80%) ESLint
15 49 (1.64%) Postman
16 47 (1.57%) Jasmine
17 32 (1.07%) git-flow
17 32 (1.07%) RSpec
18 31 (1.04%) Octopus Deploy
19 26 (0.87%) Cucumber
General
1 629 (21.02%) Social Skills
2 506 (16.91%) Finance
3 274 (9.16%) Retail
4 216 (7.22%) Games
5 167 (5.58%) Marketing
6 135 (4.51%) Banking
7 127 (4.24%) Analytical Skills
8 57 (1.91%) Advertising
9 49 (1.64%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 46 (1.54%) Financial Institution
11 44 (1.47%) Pharmaceutical
12 38 (1.27%) Law
13 37 (1.24%) Publishing
14 31 (1.04%) Front Office
15 27 (0.90%) Electronics
15 27 (0.90%) Legal
16 26 (0.87%) Telecoms
17 24 (0.80%) Retail Finance
18 21 (0.70%) Manufacturing
19 19 (0.64%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,455 (48.63%) Developer
2 624 (20.86%) Software Engineer
3 372 (12.43%) Senior Developer
4 319 (10.66%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 287 (9.59%) Senior Software Engineer
6 251 (8.39%) Full Stack Developer
7 234 (7.82%) React Developer
8 196 (6.55%) Java Developer
9 130 (4.34%) JavaScript Developer
10 101 (3.38%) Lead Developer
11 100 (3.34%) JavaScript Engineer
12 90 (3.01%) Backend Developer
13 81 (2.71%) Senior Front-End Developer
14 79 (2.64%) Software Developer
15 72 (2.41%) Senior Full Stack Developer
16 68 (2.27%) Senior React Developer
17 62 (2.07%) Angular Developer
18 60 (2.01%) AWS Developer
19 58 (1.94%) .NET Developer
20 57 (1.91%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,922 (64.24%) React
2 1,375 (45.96%) Node.js
3 957 (31.99%) REST
4 635 (21.22%) CSS
5 537 (17.95%) HTML
6 434 (14.51%) React Native
7 405 (13.54%) Redux
8 393 (13.14%) AngularJS
9 342 (11.43%) Spring
10 334 (11.16%) Jest
11 326 (10.90%) Next.js
12 281 (9.39%) .NET
13 276 (9.22%) Vue.js
14 272 (9.09%) RESTful
15 259 (8.66%) Apollo GraphQL
16 256 (8.56%) Kafka
17 237 (7.92%) Web Services
18 206 (6.89%) Middleware
19 198 (6.62%) Hibernate
20 193 (6.45%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 631 (21.09%) User Experience
2 262 (8.76%) Mobile App
3 177 (5.92%) Greenfield Project
4 128 (4.28%) Self-Motivation
5 112 (3.74%) Virtual Team
6 87 (2.91%) Enterprise Software
7 81 (2.71%) Algorithms
8 73 (2.44%) Hybrid Cloud
9 63 (2.11%) Cloud Native
10 44 (1.47%) Social Media
11 43 (1.44%) Blog
12 41 (1.37%) Public Cloud
13 39 (1.30%) Client/Server
13 39 (1.30%) Data Structures
14 35 (1.17%) Equities
15 31 (1.04%) Credit Risk
15 31 (1.04%) Derivative
15 31 (1.04%) Fixed Income
15 31 (1.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 31 (1.04%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 159 (5.31%) Android
2 146 (4.88%) Apple iOS
3 125 (4.18%) Linux
4 52 (1.74%) Windows
5 40 (1.34%) Unix
6 3 (0.10%) VMS
7 2 (0.067%) Embedded Linux
7 2 (0.067%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.033%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,498 (50.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1,086 (36.30%) Software Engineering
3 1,005 (33.59%) Microservices
4 895 (29.91%) Full Stack Development
5 703 (23.50%) TDD
6 561 (18.75%) Continuous Integration
7 554 (18.52%) Test Automation
8 534 (17.85%) DevOps
9 495 (16.54%) Problem-Solving
10 492 (16.44%) Front End Development
11 471 (15.74%) Scrum
12 468 (15.64%) Analytics
13 416 (13.90%) Mentoring
14 385 (12.87%) Open Source
15 343 (11.46%) Coaching
16 306 (10.23%) BDD
17 280 (9.36%) Machine Learning
18 265 (8.86%) E-Commerce
19 253 (8.46%) Pair Programming
20 251 (8.39%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,586 (53.01%) JavaScript
2 1,457 (48.70%) TypeScript
3 718 (24.00%) Python
4 713 (23.83%) Java
5 530 (17.71%) SQL
6 358 (11.97%) C#
7 323 (10.80%) Go
8 213 (7.12%) ES6
9 198 (6.62%) PHP
10 194 (6.48%) Kotlin
11 182 (6.08%) Java 8
12 164 (5.48%) Ruby
13 153 (5.11%) Scala
14 101 (3.38%) C++
15 98 (3.28%) Rust
16 78 (2.61%) ES7
17 77 (2.57%) Elixir
18 61 (2.04%) Apple Swift
19 57 (1.91%) Clojure
20 43 (1.44%) Elm
Qualifications
1 190 (6.35%) Degree
2 175 (5.85%) Security Cleared
3 167 (5.58%) SC Cleared
4 104 (3.48%) Computer Science Degree
5 53 (1.77%) AWS Certification
6 20 (0.67%) SANS
7 17 (0.57%) Master's Degree
8 12 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
9 9 (0.30%) MBA
10 5 (0.17%) PhD
11 4 (0.13%) CompTIA Security+
11 4 (0.13%) GIAC
11 4 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.13%) OSCP
12 3 (0.10%) CISSP
12 3 (0.10%) DV Cleared
13 2 (0.067%) CTC Cleared
14 1 (0.033%) CEH
14 1 (0.033%) CREST Certified
14 1 (0.033%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 183 (6.12%) QA
2 167 (5.58%) Accessibility
3 30 (1.00%) WCAG
4 16 (0.53%) Data Quality
5 11 (0.37%) GDPR
6 6 (0.20%) WAI
7 3 (0.10%) IEC 62304
7 3 (0.10%) ISO 13485
7 3 (0.10%) SLA
8 2 (0.067%) CDISC
8 2 (0.067%) GxP
8 2 (0.067%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.067%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,101 (36.80%) Docker
2 17 (0.57%) ISA Server
3 3 (0.10%) LXC
4 2 (0.067%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.067%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.033%) Active Directory
5 1 (0.033%) Firmware
5 1 (0.033%) NFS
Systems Management
1 825 (27.57%) Kubernetes
2 571 (19.08%) Terraform
3 43 (1.44%) Prometheus
4 37 (1.24%) Grafana
5 25 (0.84%) Hadoop YARN
6 19 (0.64%) Ansible
6 19 (0.64%) Opscode Chef
7 17 (0.57%) linkerd
8 16 (0.53%) Graphite
9 13 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
10 8 (0.27%) Rancher
11 7 (0.23%) Istio
12 6 (0.20%) Packer
13 4 (0.13%) Argo
13 4 (0.13%) Nessus
13 4 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
14 3 (0.10%) OpenNebula
14 3 (0.10%) Puppet
15 2 (0.067%) Kibana
16 1 (0.033%) logstash
Vendors
1 240 (8.02%) Google
2 140 (4.68%) Microsoft
3 80 (2.67%) Oracle
4 55 (1.84%) Facebook
5 51 (1.70%) Xamarin
6 44 (1.47%) SAP
7 42 (1.40%) Apple
8 30 (1.00%) Adobe
9 29 (0.97%) New Relic
10 26 (0.87%) Splunk
11 24 (0.80%) IBM
11 24 (0.80%) TikTok
11 24 (0.80%) YouTube
12 22 (0.74%) Snapchat
13 19 (0.64%) Netlify
14 16 (0.53%) BT
15 15 (0.50%) Qubit
15 15 (0.50%) Spotify
16 14 (0.47%) MuleSoft
17 13 (0.43%) LexisNexis