Period
to 11 April 2021

The median annual salary for a Software Engineer was £57,500 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineer
UK
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 43 58 63
Rank change year-on-year +15 +5 +14
Permanent jobs requiring a Software Engineer 4,391 5,096 6,551
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.30% 4.49% 4.40%
As % of the Job Titles category 5.69% 4.70% 4.58%
Number of salaries quoted 3,332 4,097 5,045
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £71,250 £67,500
90th Percentile £98,750 £92,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,719
% change year-on-year - +7.02% +3.82%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 77,171 108,316 142,889
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.18% 95.36% 96.00%
Number of salaries quoted 60,815 87,918 115,276
10th Percentile £31,500 £29,750 £28,500
25th Percentile £40,750 £37,529 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £68,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer.

Salary trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 3,855 £57,500 +4.55% 1,103
UK excluding London -2 2,407 £50,000 - 876
London +45 1,791 £75,000 - 334
Work from Home +10 850 £62,000 +11.21% 252
North of England +13 701 £54,000 +8.00% 209
South East -21 499 £50,000 - 176
South West -13 358 £50,000 +5.26% 120
Yorkshire +11 351 £54,000 +8.00% 78
Scotland +3 310 £47,500 -5.00% 63
North West +17 290 £54,000 +8.00% 117
Midlands -4 276 £48,500 - 134
East of England +6 191 £45,000 -10.00% 130
West Midlands +11 171 £52,500 +8.25% 88
East Midlands -4 104 £47,500 -5.00% 45
North East +6 60 £50,000 +17.65% 14
Northern Ireland +28 58 £45,000 - 16
Wales -18 20 £45,000 +5.88% 29
Isle of Man - 2 £47,500 -

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, Software Engineer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 4,229 (96.31%) Software Engineering
2 2,177 (49.58%) Agile Software Development
3 1,672 (38.08%) JavaScript
4 1,663 (37.87%) Java
5 1,487 (33.86%) Python
6 1,453 (33.09%) C#
7 1,419 (32.32%) AWS
8 1,153 (26.26%) .NET
9 1,071 (24.39%) Microservices
10 1,000 (22.77%) React
11 977 (22.25%) SQL
12 950 (21.64%) C++
13 946 (21.54%) Docker
14 938 (21.36%) Finance
15 876 (19.95%) TDD
16 835 (19.02%) Azure
17 805 (18.33%) DevOps
18 748 (17.03%) Degree
19 674 (15.35%) Node.js
20 669 (15.24%) Kubernetes
21 657 (14.96%) AngularJS
22 641 (14.60%) Linux
23 596 (13.57%) Scrum
24 589 (13.41%) .NET Core
25 558 (12.71%) Computer Science
26 554 (12.62%) OO
27 546 (12.43%) GCP
28 539 (12.28%) Web Services
29 534 (12.16%) Git (software)
30 502 (11.43%) Test Automation

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 199 (4.53%) Elasticsearch
2 121 (2.76%) Apache
3 111 (2.53%) Apache Spark
4 101 (2.30%) Confluence
5 62 (1.41%) nginx
6 28 (0.64%) ColdFusion
7 23 (0.52%) CMS
8 18 (0.41%) Tomcat
9 12 (0.27%) Tornado
10 11 (0.25%) Cloud Foundry
10 11 (0.25%) Umbraco
11 9 (0.20%) Apache Solr
12 8 (0.18%) Jupyter
12 8 (0.18%) SAS
13 7 (0.16%) JBoss
14 6 (0.14%) BizTalk Server
14 6 (0.14%) Headless CMS
15 5 (0.11%) Apache Pulsar
15 5 (0.11%) WebSphere
15 5 (0.11%) WordPress
Applications
1 18 (0.41%) Simulink
2 15 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.14%) AutoCAD
4 6 (0.14%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.091%) Adobe XD
5 4 (0.091%) InVision
5 4 (0.091%) Sketch
5 4 (0.091%) Zeplin
6 3 (0.068%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.046%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.046%) Quicktime
8 1 (0.023%) EngageOne
8 1 (0.023%) Figma
8 1 (0.023%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.023%) MODO
8 1 (0.023%) PrintSoft PReS
8 1 (0.023%) Revit
Business Applications
1 13 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.25%) Shopify
3 7 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
3 7 (0.16%) R3 Corda
4 6 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
5 5 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 4 (0.091%) Payment Gateway
7 3 (0.068%) Magento
8 2 (0.046%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
9 1 (0.023%) Infor M3
9 1 (0.023%) MoSes
9 1 (0.023%) PlanetPress Connect
9 1 (0.023%) PolarLake
Cloud Services
1 1,419 (32.32%) AWS
2 835 (19.02%) Azure
3 546 (12.43%) GCP
4 480 (10.93%) Serverless
5 223 (5.08%) AWS Lambda
6 206 (4.69%) SaaS
7 129 (2.94%) Amazon EC2
8 118 (2.69%) AWS CloudFormation
9 107 (2.44%) Amazon ECS
10 105 (2.39%) GitHub
11 94 (2.14%) Amazon S3
12 84 (1.91%) Cloud Computing
13 36 (0.82%) PaaS
14 35 (0.80%) Amazon SQS
15 29 (0.66%) Apigee
16 24 (0.55%) BrowserStack
17 23 (0.52%) AWS Fargate
17 23 (0.52%) Heroku
17 23 (0.52%) IaaS
18 22 (0.50%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 68 (1.55%) TCP/IP
2 60 (1.37%) HTTP
3 59 (1.34%) Internet
4 43 (0.98%) Bluetooth
4 43 (0.98%) Ethernet
4 43 (0.98%) Wireless
5 36 (0.82%) Wi-Fi
6 23 (0.52%) MQTT
7 21 (0.48%) Modbus
8 17 (0.39%) ZigBee
9 16 (0.36%) RS-422
10 15 (0.34%) RS-485
11 14 (0.32%) Software-Defined Radio
12 11 (0.25%) RTP
13 9 (0.20%) 5G
13 9 (0.20%) Broadband
14 8 (0.18%) Firewall
14 8 (0.18%) RTSP
15 7 (0.16%) SNMP
15 7 (0.16%) Tactical Data Link
Database & Business Intelligence
1 432 (9.84%) SQL Server
2 431 (9.82%) NoSQL
3 363 (8.27%) PostgreSQL
4 292 (6.65%) MySQL
5 264 (6.01%) Relational Database
6 242 (5.51%) Big Data
7 166 (3.78%) MongoDB
8 143 (3.26%) Redis
9 123 (2.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 71 (1.62%) RDBMS
11 61 (1.39%) Hadoop
12 59 (1.34%) Amazon Aurora
13 57 (1.30%) Amazon Redshift
14 46 (1.05%) Amazon RDS
15 40 (0.91%) Cosmos DB
16 37 (0.84%) BigQuery
17 32 (0.73%) Apache Cassandra
17 32 (0.73%) Apache Ignite
18 19 (0.43%) GIS
18 19 (0.43%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 534 (12.16%) Git (software)
2 318 (7.24%) Jenkins
3 213 (4.85%) GitLab
4 197 (4.49%) JIRA
5 130 (2.96%) Subversion
6 105 (2.39%) Maven
7 103 (2.35%) Selenium
8 95 (2.16%) Mercurial
9 90 (2.05%) Visual Studio
10 81 (1.84%) JUnit
11 74 (1.69%) Cypress.io
12 73 (1.66%) Cucumber
13 63 (1.43%) webpack
14 58 (1.32%) NUnit
15 53 (1.21%) SpecFlow
16 52 (1.18%) Gradle
17 49 (1.12%) Eclipse
18 46 (1.05%) Artifactory
19 43 (0.98%) TeamCity
20 41 (0.93%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 938 (21.36%) Finance
2 228 (5.19%) Marketing
3 206 (4.69%) Electronics
4 186 (4.24%) Front Office
5 184 (4.19%) Banking
6 180 (4.10%) Games
7 159 (3.62%) Retail
8 139 (3.17%) Manufacturing
9 111 (2.53%) Public Sector
10 98 (2.23%) Law
11 93 (2.12%) Telecoms
12 82 (1.87%) Legal
13 66 (1.50%) Aerospace
14 53 (1.21%) Publishing
15 40 (0.91%) Automotive
16 37 (0.84%) Financial Institution
17 33 (0.75%) Pharmaceutical
18 28 (0.64%) Military
19 18 (0.41%) Advertising
20 16 (0.36%) Billing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,153 (26.26%) .NET
2 1,000 (22.77%) React
3 674 (15.35%) Node.js
4 657 (14.96%) AngularJS
5 589 (13.41%) .NET Core
6 539 (12.28%) Web Services
7 497 (11.32%) HTML
8 490 (11.16%) CSS
9 376 (8.56%) Spring
10 354 (8.06%) Vue.js
11 338 (7.70%) .NET Framework
12 324 (7.38%) Kafka
13 308 (7.01%) REST
14 278 (6.33%) RESTful
15 257 (5.85%) ASP.NET
16 230 (5.24%) React Native
17 213 (4.85%) Spring Boot
18 180 (4.10%) RabbitMQ
19 170 (3.87%) HTML5
20 169 (3.85%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 333 (7.58%) Greenfield Project
2 281 (6.40%) Algorithms
3 203 (4.62%) Hedge funds
4 188 (4.28%) Data Structures
5 181 (4.12%) Mobile App
6 175 (3.99%) Analytical Skills
7 164 (3.73%) User Experience
8 142 (3.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 129 (2.94%) Derivative
10 121 (2.76%) Blog
11 117 (2.66%) Fixed Income
12 111 (2.53%) Equities
13 110 (2.51%) Self-Motivation
14 90 (2.05%) EPoS
15 84 (1.91%) Cloud Native
16 81 (1.84%) Management Information System
17 68 (1.55%) Embedded Systems
18 62 (1.41%) Virtual Team
19 53 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
20 48 (1.09%) Pricing Data
Operating Systems
1 641 (14.60%) Linux
2 195 (4.44%) Windows
3 109 (2.48%) Android
4 90 (2.05%) Unix
5 88 (2.00%) Embedded Linux
6 64 (1.46%) Apple iOS
7 48 (1.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 36 (0.82%) CentOS
9 7 (0.16%) FreeRTOS
9 7 (0.16%) VxWorks
10 6 (0.14%) Robot Operating System
10 6 (0.14%) Windows 10
11 5 (0.11%) Debian
11 5 (0.11%) Windows Server
12 2 (0.046%) Fedora
12 2 (0.046%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.023%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.023%) Nucleus RTOS
13 1 (0.023%) QNX Neutrino
13 1 (0.023%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,229 (96.31%) Software Engineering
2 2,177 (49.58%) Agile Software Development
3 1,071 (24.39%) Microservices
4 876 (19.95%) TDD
5 805 (18.33%) DevOps
6 596 (13.57%) Scrum
7 558 (12.71%) Computer Science
8 554 (12.62%) OO
9 502 (11.43%) Test Automation
10 466 (10.61%) Problem-Solving
11 459 (10.45%) Mentoring
12 373 (8.49%) Fintech
13 363 (8.27%) Software Testing
14 359 (8.18%) Continuous Integration
15 358 (8.15%) Asset Management
16 338 (7.70%) BDD
16 338 (7.70%) SDLC
17 320 (7.29%) Open Source
18 298 (6.79%) Unit Testing
19 292 (6.65%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 1,672 (38.08%) JavaScript
2 1,663 (37.87%) Java
3 1,487 (33.86%) Python
4 1,453 (33.09%) C#
5 977 (22.25%) SQL
6 950 (21.64%) C++
7 469 (10.68%) TypeScript
8 467 (10.64%) C
9 409 (9.31%) Go
10 220 (5.01%) Scala
11 197 (4.49%) Ruby
12 190 (4.33%) PHP
13 187 (4.26%) Kotlin
14 107 (2.44%) Java 8
15 89 (2.03%) Embedded C
16 65 (1.48%) ES6
17 58 (1.32%) Embedded C++
18 55 (1.25%) Bash Shell
19 46 (1.05%) T-SQL
20 45 (1.02%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 748 (17.03%) Degree
2 288 (6.56%) Computer Science Degree
3 242 (5.51%) Security Cleared
4 177 (4.03%) SC Cleared
5 91 (2.07%) Numerate Degree
6 40 (0.91%) HNC
7 39 (0.89%) ISTQB
7 39 (0.89%) Master's Degree
8 38 (0.87%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 37 (0.84%) ISEB
10 36 (0.82%) HND
10 36 (0.82%) PhD
11 24 (0.55%) DV Cleared
12 9 (0.20%) DBS Check
13 7 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
13 7 (0.16%) OSCE
13 7 (0.16%) OSCP
14 6 (0.14%) AWS Certification
15 4 (0.091%) OCP
15 4 (0.091%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 193 (4.40%) QA
2 17 (0.39%) GDPR
3 15 (0.34%) MISRA
4 13 (0.30%) ISO 26262
5 11 (0.25%) ISO 9001
6 9 (0.20%) MISRA C
7 8 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 8 (0.18%) PCI DSS
8 7 (0.16%) IEC 61508
8 7 (0.16%) NIST
8 7 (0.16%) SOC 1
8 7 (0.16%) SOC 2
9 6 (0.14%) Def Stans
9 6 (0.14%) IEC 62304
10 4 (0.091%) SLA
11 3 (0.068%) Data Quality
11 3 (0.068%) IEC 61131
11 3 (0.068%) JTAG
12 2 (0.046%) DO-254
12 2 (0.046%) PMO
System Software
1 946 (21.54%) Docker
2 48 (1.09%) Firmware
3 11 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (0.20%) Active Directory
5 6 (0.14%) HDFS
6 5 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
7 4 (0.091%) Kamailio
7 4 (0.091%) OpenSIPS
8 3 (0.068%) Apache Flume
9 2 (0.046%) OpenAM
9 2 (0.046%) OpenDJ
9 2 (0.046%) vSphere
10 1 (0.023%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 1 (0.023%) GlusterFS
10 1 (0.023%) ISA Server
10 1 (0.023%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 669 (15.24%) Kubernetes
2 206 (4.69%) Terraform
3 138 (3.14%) Ansible
4 19 (0.43%) Opscode Chef
4 19 (0.43%) Prometheus
4 19 (0.43%) Puppet
5 16 (0.36%) Grafana
6 9 (0.20%) Kibana
7 8 (0.18%) Istio
8 7 (0.16%) Consul
8 7 (0.16%) linkerd
9 6 (0.14%) Rancher
10 4 (0.091%) SELinux
11 3 (0.068%) yum
11 3 (0.068%) Zipkin
12 2 (0.046%) Graphite
12 2 (0.046%) HP Fortify
12 2 (0.046%) ITRS Geneos
12 2 (0.046%) Single Sign-On
12 2 (0.046%) vRealize
Vendors
1 313 (7.13%) Microsoft
2 208 (4.74%) Google
3 196 (4.46%) Oracle
4 66 (1.50%) SAP
5 48 (1.09%) Sybase
6 43 (0.98%) Red Hat
7 42 (0.96%) Atlassian
8 30 (0.68%) Twitter
9 29 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
10 28 (0.64%) IBM
11 26 (0.59%) Xamarin
12 23 (0.52%) PagerDuty
13 19 (0.43%) Samsung
14 11 (0.25%) VMware
15 9 (0.20%) Facebook
15 9 (0.20%) Guidewire
15 9 (0.20%) Xceptor
16 8 (0.18%) Instagram
16 8 (0.18%) New Relic
16 8 (0.18%) Perforce