Period
to

The median annual salary for a Software Engineer was £65,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineer
UK
6 months to
25 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 29 44 59
Rank change year-on-year +15 +15 +6
Permanent jobs requiring a Software Engineer 15,162 5,225 4,265
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.23% 5.67% 4.62%
As % of the Job Titles category 9.98% 6.13% 4.85%
Number of salaries quoted 4,082 3,547 3,447
10th Percentile £40,000 £35,618 £35,000
25th Percentile £48,750 £43,750 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% +4.55% +10.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £77,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £115,000 £102,500 £93,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 151,982 85,295 87,912
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.53% 92.50% 95.25%
Number of salaries quoted 82,544 65,076 71,375
10th Percentile £32,456 £31,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £39,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Software Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Software Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineer.

Salary trend for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineer over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Salary histogram for Software Engineer in the UK

Software Engineer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +15 12,095 £65,000 +13.04% 1,119
London +18 7,313 £85,000 +13.33% 423
Work from Home +22 6,855 £65,000 +8.33% 561
UK excluding London +15 5,203 £55,000 +10.00% 786
South East +38 1,696 £55,000 +10.00% 183
North of England -6 1,138 £55,000 +4.76% 175
South West +17 752 £57,500 +15.00% 100
North West +10 699 £57,500 +9.52% 114
East of England +12 655 £56,500 +36.97% 131
Scotland -7 433 £58,405 +22.96% 60
Midlands -4 394 £52,500 +5.00% 102
Yorkshire -9 386 £55,000 +1.24% 40
East Midlands +21 201 £50,000 +5.26% 47
West Midlands -47 192 £54,857 +4.49% 55
Wales +40 153 £50,000 - 28
North East -21 54 £53,750 +7.50% 21
Northern Ireland -50 17 £57,500 +43.75% 8
Isle of Man +17 1 £45,000 -5.26%

Software Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 May 2022, Software Engineer job roles required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Software Engineer in the job title.

1 14,871 (98.08%) Software Engineering
2 7,398 (48.79%) Agile
3 5,722 (37.74%) AWS
4 5,713 (37.68%) JavaScript
5 5,603 (36.95%) Python
6 5,456 (35.98%) Java
7 5,379 (35.48%) React
8 3,993 (26.34%) Docker
9 3,721 (24.54%) Microservices
10 3,694 (24.36%) Finance
11 3,640 (24.01%) CI/CD
12 3,503 (23.10%) TypeScript
13 3,328 (21.95%) Kubernetes
14 3,245 (21.40%) C#
15 3,239 (21.36%) Azure
16 3,070 (20.25%) Social Skills
17 3,027 (19.96%) Node.js
18 2,984 (19.68%) SQL
19 2,957 (19.50%) DevOps
20 2,952 (19.47%) TDD
21 2,841 (18.74%) Degree
22 2,773 (18.29%) .NET
23 2,687 (17.72%) C++
24 2,619 (17.27%) Git (software)
25 2,542 (16.77%) Test Automation
26 2,520 (16.62%) Problem-Solving
27 2,501 (16.50%) Full Stack Development
28 2,439 (16.09%) Mentoring
29 2,364 (15.59%) PostgreSQL
30 2,353 (15.52%) Linux

Software Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 656 (4.33%) Elasticsearch
2 328 (2.16%) Apache
3 322 (2.12%) Confluence
4 251 (1.66%) Apache Spark
5 217 (1.43%) Umbraco
6 197 (1.30%) CMS
7 161 (1.06%) Apache Airflow
8 135 (0.89%) GeoServer
9 75 (0.49%) Headless CMS
10 62 (0.41%) OpenStack
11 60 (0.40%) nginx
12 54 (0.36%) Strapi
13 53 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
14 51 (0.34%) Ethereum
15 49 (0.32%) Jupyter
16 36 (0.24%) Apache Pulsar
17 35 (0.23%) SharePoint
18 28 (0.18%) Drupal
19 27 (0.18%) Tomcat
20 21 (0.14%) JBoss
Applications
1 58 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
2 52 (0.34%) Simulink
3 42 (0.28%) Chatbot
4 39 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
5 35 (0.23%) Sketch
6 27 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
7 22 (0.15%) Stateflow
8 15 (0.099%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 14 (0.092%) TargetLink
10 11 (0.073%) Photoshop
11 10 (0.066%) Revit
11 10 (0.066%) SOLIDWORKS
12 8 (0.053%) AutoCAD
13 6 (0.040%) Adobe Illustrator
13 6 (0.040%) CATIA
14 5 (0.033%) InVision
14 5 (0.033%) SketchUp
15 4 (0.026%) LaTeX
16 3 (0.020%) Zeplin
17 2 (0.013%) Blender
Business Applications
1 72 (0.47%) Distributed Ledger
2 56 (0.37%) R3 Corda
3 47 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
4 40 (0.26%) Shopify
5 32 (0.21%) Magento
6 19 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
7 5 (0.033%) MetaTrader
7 5 (0.033%) NetSuite
7 5 (0.033%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 4 (0.026%) Infor CloudSuite Industrial (formerly SyteLine)
9 3 (0.020%) StreamServe
10 2 (0.013%) Endur
10 2 (0.013%) Oracle BPM
10 2 (0.013%) Oracle General Ledger
10 2 (0.013%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 2 (0.013%) PeopleSoft Financials
10 2 (0.013%) Teamcenter
10 2 (0.013%) Temenos T24
10 2 (0.013%) Visualfiles
11 1 (0.007%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 5,722 (37.74%) AWS
2 3,239 (21.36%) Azure
3 2,105 (13.88%) GCP
4 1,854 (12.23%) Serverless
5 1,301 (8.58%) GitHub
6 1,013 (6.68%) SaaS
7 904 (5.96%) AWS Lambda
8 516 (3.40%) Amazon S3
9 440 (2.90%) Amazon SQS
10 428 (2.82%) Cloud Computing
11 391 (2.58%) Amazon EC2
12 351 (2.31%) Amazon ECS
13 332 (2.19%) AWS CloudFormation
14 275 (1.81%) Heroku
15 271 (1.79%) GitHub Actions
16 226 (1.49%) Amazon EKS
17 222 (1.46%) Slack
18 217 (1.43%) PaaS
19 194 (1.28%) Azure Cosmos DB
20 175 (1.15%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 904 (5.96%) HTTP
2 472 (3.11%) TCP/IP
3 196 (1.29%) PPP
4 163 (1.08%) Internet
5 103 (0.68%) Broadband
6 99 (0.65%) Wireless
7 86 (0.57%) SSL
8 73 (0.48%) NFC
9 54 (0.36%) Bluetooth
10 50 (0.33%) DNS
11 48 (0.32%) Modbus
12 43 (0.28%) MQTT
13 42 (0.28%) Reverse Proxy
14 40 (0.26%) SNA
15 35 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
16 30 (0.20%) HTTPS
16 30 (0.20%) RS-485
17 28 (0.18%) RS-422
18 25 (0.16%) DKIM
18 25 (0.16%) DMARC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,364 (15.59%) PostgreSQL
2 1,455 (9.60%) NoSQL
3 1,260 (8.31%) MySQL
4 927 (6.11%) Relational Database
5 906 (5.98%) Redis
6 846 (5.58%) MongoDB
7 635 (4.19%) SQL Server
8 612 (4.04%) Big Data
9 427 (2.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 341 (2.25%) Amazon Aurora
11 261 (1.72%) Amazon RDS
12 201 (1.33%) Hadoop
13 184 (1.21%) GIS
14 159 (1.05%) RDBMS
15 143 (0.94%) QGIS
16 129 (0.85%) Apache Cassandra
17 110 (0.73%) Metadata
18 95 (0.63%) BigQuery
19 81 (0.53%) Data Warehouse
20 75 (0.49%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 2,619 (17.27%) Git (software)
2 1,320 (8.71%) Jenkins
3 730 (4.81%) JIRA
4 503 (3.32%) GitLab
5 473 (3.12%) CircleCI
6 415 (2.74%) Cypress.io
7 360 (2.37%) Selenium
8 329 (2.17%) webpack
9 328 (2.16%) Gradle
10 315 (2.08%) JUnit
11 296 (1.95%) Bitbucket
12 289 (1.91%) TeamCity
13 271 (1.79%) Maven
14 235 (1.55%) Cucumber
15 183 (1.21%) SonarQube
16 174 (1.15%) Visual Studio
17 172 (1.13%) Subversion
18 158 (1.04%) Octopus Deploy
19 139 (0.92%) Postman
20 132 (0.87%) Babel
General
1 3,694 (24.36%) Finance
2 3,070 (20.25%) Social Skills
3 1,298 (8.56%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 1,098 (7.24%) Banking
5 1,038 (6.85%) Analytical Skills
6 973 (6.42%) Games
7 780 (5.14%) Marketing
8 757 (4.99%) Retail
9 623 (4.11%) Electronics
10 479 (3.16%) Public Sector
11 456 (3.01%) Law
12 448 (2.95%) Front Office
13 362 (2.39%) Legal
14 284 (1.87%) Automotive
15 199 (1.31%) Publishing
16 196 (1.29%) Financial Institution
17 179 (1.18%) Manufacturing
18 175 (1.15%) Telecoms
19 164 (1.08%) Advertising
20 160 (1.06%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,379 (35.48%) React
2 3,027 (19.96%) Node.js
3 2,773 (18.29%) .NET
4 2,254 (14.87%) CSS
5 1,911 (12.60%) HTML
6 1,846 (12.18%) AngularJS
7 1,602 (10.57%) REST
8 1,458 (9.62%) Spring
9 1,365 (9.00%) RESTful
10 1,343 (8.86%) Kafka
11 1,248 (8.23%) GraphQL
12 1,018 (6.71%) Vue.js
13 984 (6.49%) .NET Core
14 960 (6.33%) Spring Boot
15 798 (5.26%) Ruby on Rails
16 730 (4.81%) Redux
17 726 (4.79%) ASP.NET
18 703 (4.64%) Django
19 685 (4.52%) Web Services
20 629 (4.15%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 1,520 (10.03%) User Experience
2 1,356 (8.94%) Algorithms
3 904 (5.96%) Data Structures
4 820 (5.41%) Mobile App
5 671 (4.43%) Cloud Native
6 627 (4.14%) Greenfield Project
7 577 (3.81%) Self-Motivation
8 451 (2.97%) Hedge funds
9 444 (2.93%) Equities
10 389 (2.57%) Derivative
11 373 (2.46%) Virtual Team
12 362 (2.39%) Enterprise Software
13 344 (2.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 337 (2.22%) Blockchain
15 300 (1.98%) IoT
16 298 (1.97%) Fixed Income
17 261 (1.72%) Blog
17 261 (1.72%) Legacy Code
18 254 (1.68%) Cyberattack
19 202 (1.33%) Cyber Defence
Operating Systems
1 2,353 (15.52%) Linux
2 676 (4.46%) Android
3 674 (4.45%) Windows
4 506 (3.34%) Apple iOS
5 334 (2.20%) Unix
6 252 (1.66%) Ubuntu
7 146 (0.96%) Embedded Linux
8 60 (0.40%) Mac OS
9 58 (0.38%) CentOS
10 37 (0.24%) VMS
11 35 (0.23%) FreeRTOS
12 28 (0.18%) Debian
13 26 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 23 (0.15%) Robot Operating System
15 15 (0.099%) Mesosphere
16 12 (0.079%) ThreadX
17 10 (0.066%) VxWorks
18 9 (0.059%) Alpine Linux
18 9 (0.059%) CoreOS
19 8 (0.053%) OpenWrt
Processes & Methodologies
1 14,871 (98.08%) Software Engineering
2 7,398 (48.79%) Agile
3 3,721 (24.54%) Microservices
4 3,640 (24.01%) CI/CD
5 2,957 (19.50%) DevOps
6 2,952 (19.47%) TDD
7 2,542 (16.77%) Test Automation
8 2,520 (16.62%) Problem-Solving
9 2,501 (16.50%) Full Stack Development
10 2,439 (16.09%) Mentoring
11 2,275 (15.00%) Computer Science
12 2,032 (13.40%) Continuous Integration
13 1,957 (12.91%) Scrum
14 1,590 (10.49%) Machine Learning
15 1,452 (9.58%) Unit Testing
16 1,451 (9.57%) OO
17 1,403 (9.25%) Artificial Intelligence
18 1,347 (8.88%) Pair Programming
19 1,337 (8.82%) Software Testing
20 1,306 (8.61%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 5,713 (37.68%) JavaScript
2 5,603 (36.95%) Python
3 5,456 (35.98%) Java
4 3,503 (23.10%) TypeScript
5 3,245 (21.40%) C#
6 2,984 (19.68%) SQL
7 2,687 (17.72%) C++
8 1,682 (11.09%) C
9 1,404 (9.26%) Go
10 1,267 (8.36%) Ruby
11 922 (6.08%) Kotlin
12 706 (4.66%) PHP
13 702 (4.63%) Scala
14 437 (2.88%) Rust
15 345 (2.28%) ES6
16 231 (1.52%) Bash
17 203 (1.34%) Objective-C
18 190 (1.25%) Embedded C
19 168 (1.11%) MATLAB
20 166 (1.09%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 2,841 (18.74%) Degree
2 1,273 (8.40%) Computer Science Degree
3 814 (5.37%) Security Cleared
4 457 (3.01%) SC Cleared
5 194 (1.28%) PMI Certification
6 164 (1.08%) Master's Degree
7 131 (0.86%) PhD
8 95 (0.63%) DV Cleared
9 63 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
10 43 (0.28%) AWS Certification
11 40 (0.26%) Six Sigma Black Belt
12 39 (0.26%) HND
13 32 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
14 28 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
15 26 (0.17%) DBS Check
16 25 (0.16%) HNC
17 9 (0.059%) CTC Cleared
18 6 (0.040%) OCP
18 6 (0.040%) Oracle Certification
19 5 (0.033%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,277 (8.42%) QA
2 329 (2.17%) Accessibility
3 78 (0.51%) Data Quality
3 78 (0.51%) MISRA
4 70 (0.46%) SLA
5 64 (0.42%) ISO 26262
6 44 (0.29%) Def Stans
7 42 (0.28%) IEC 61508
8 34 (0.22%) AUTOSAR
9 29 (0.19%) ISO 9001
9 29 (0.19%) MISRA C
10 26 (0.17%) ISO 13485
11 24 (0.16%) GDPR
12 22 (0.15%) IEC 62304
12 22 (0.15%) PCI DSS
13 20 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 17 (0.11%) HIPAA
15 15 (0.099%) SEPA
16 13 (0.086%) SOC 2
17 12 (0.079%) JTAG
System Software
1 3,993 (26.34%) Docker
2 284 (1.87%) Firmware
3 84 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
4 79 (0.52%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 53 (0.35%) ISA Server
6 45 (0.30%) Active Directory
7 28 (0.18%) LXC
8 14 (0.092%) NFS
9 12 (0.079%) VMware Infrastructure
10 7 (0.046%) KVM
11 4 (0.026%) HDFS
11 4 (0.026%) Postfix
12 3 (0.020%) Hyper-V
13 2 (0.013%) Apache Flume
13 2 (0.013%) Lustre
13 2 (0.013%) VirtualBox
13 2 (0.013%) vSphere
14 1 (0.007%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 1 (0.007%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 3,328 (21.95%) Kubernetes
2 1,813 (11.96%) Terraform
3 371 (2.45%) Ansible
4 232 (1.53%) Prometheus
5 208 (1.37%) Grafana
6 110 (0.73%) Puppet
7 98 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
8 93 (0.61%) Kibana
9 79 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
10 57 (0.38%) Istio
11 41 (0.27%) Cisco IPCC
12 23 (0.15%) HP Fortify
13 17 (0.11%) Kubeflow
14 15 (0.099%) Automic
14 15 (0.099%) Opsview
15 10 (0.066%) Argo
15 10 (0.066%) HP Quality Center
15 10 (0.066%) Single Sign-On
16 9 (0.059%) Matomo
17 8 (0.053%) Marathon
Vendors
1 953 (6.29%) Google
2 894 (5.90%) Microsoft
3 279 (1.84%) Oracle
4 264 (1.74%) Twitter
5 193 (1.27%) LexisNexis
6 170 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
7 141 (0.93%) Apple
8 121 (0.80%) Samsung
9 115 (0.76%) IBM
10 105 (0.69%) Facebook
11 87 (0.57%) Atlassian
12 84 (0.55%) Spotify
13 83 (0.55%) Palantir
14 80 (0.53%) TrueLayer
15 75 (0.49%) New Relic
16 73 (0.48%) Sun
17 68 (0.45%) Dell
18 64 (0.42%) Xamarin
19 62 (0.41%) Mapbox
20 61 (0.40%) SAP