Period
to 5 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for OOP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OOP over the 6 months to 5 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)
UK
6 months to
5 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 176 156 183
Rank change year-on-year -20 +27 -3
Permanent jobs citing OOP 2,649 1,179 2,636
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.09% 2.11% 1.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.21% 2.27% 2.11%
Number of salaries quoted 1,661 1,036 2,233
10th Percentile £32,626 £32,500 £29,750
25th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £87,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -5.56%

OOP is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 119,828 51,911 125,137
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.34% 92.85% 92.58%
Number of salaries quoted 80,248 43,543 100,488
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +1.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -

OOP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OOP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OOP.

Salary trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing OOP over the 6 months to 5 December 2021.

Salary histogram for OOP in the UK

OOP
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OOP within the UK over the 6 months to 5 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -10 2,317 £55,000 +10.00% 414
UK excluding London -28 1,312 £50,000 +11.11% 288
London +19 1,077 £65,000 -7.14% 168
Work from Home -10 696 £50,000 - 128
South East -26 464 £50,000 +5.26% 42
North of England -24 416 £55,000 +22.22% 107
North West -47 213 £50,050 +11.22% 57
Midlands -35 152 £47,500 +5.56% 36
Yorkshire -23 146 £55,000 +10.00% 36
West Midlands -16 106 £46,250 -2.63% 30
Scotland -28 103 £50,000 +17.65% 29
South West -42 86 £42,500 - 29
North East +18 57 £58,750 +33.52% 14
East of England -91 57 £60,000 +41.18% 30
East Midlands -54 46 £52,500 +16.67% 6
Wales -43 23 £42,500 -10.53% 5
Northern Ireland -34 11 £40,000 -38.46% 10

For the 6 months to 5 December 2021, IT jobs citing OOP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for OOP.

1 1,533 (57.87%) OO
2 1,357 (51.23%) Agile Software Development
3 1,271 (47.98%) JavaScript
4 991 (37.41%) Java
5 954 (36.01%) Software Engineering
6 916 (34.58%) C#
7 826 (31.18%) Git (software)
8 791 (29.86%) Python
9 777 (29.33%) AWS
10 776 (29.29%) React
11 722 (27.26%) Social Skills
12 699 (26.39%) HTML
13 671 (25.33%) Docker
14 657 (24.80%) TDD
15 656 (24.76%) DevOps
16 654 (24.69%) SQL
17 644 (24.31%) PHP
18 620 (23.41%) .NET
19 616 (23.25%) CSS
20 610 (23.03%) Azure
21 594 (22.42%) Full Stack Development
22 590 (22.27%) Microservices
23 528 (19.93%) RESTful
24 515 (19.44%) MySQL
25 510 (19.25%) Finance
26 509 (19.21%) SOLID
27 504 (19.03%) AngularJS
28 463 (17.48%) REST
29 460 (17.37%) Problem-Solving
30 455 (17.18%) Node.js

OOP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 131 (4.95%) Elasticsearch
2 81 (3.06%) Confluence
3 72 (2.72%) Apache
4 54 (2.04%) Apache Spark
4 54 (2.04%) CMS
5 36 (1.36%) WordPress
6 31 (1.17%) nginx
7 20 (0.76%) Oracle Coherence
7 20 (0.76%) Umbraco
8 19 (0.72%) IIS
9 15 (0.57%) Apache Solr
9 15 (0.57%) SharePoint
10 12 (0.45%) Drupal
10 12 (0.45%) Ethereum
11 11 (0.42%) IBM Domino
12 9 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
12 9 (0.34%) Tomcat
13 6 (0.23%) Mule
13 6 (0.23%) Sitecore CMS
14 5 (0.19%) MQSeries
Applications
1 22 (0.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (0.79%) Photoshop
3 14 (0.53%) Adobe Illustrator
3 14 (0.53%) Chatbot
3 14 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
4 9 (0.34%) Adobe XD
5 8 (0.30%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.23%) EngageOne
7 5 (0.19%) Figma
7 5 (0.19%) Fireworks
7 5 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
8 4 (0.15%) Sketch
9 2 (0.076%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 2 (0.076%) Simulink
10 1 (0.038%) InDesign
10 1 (0.038%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 46 (1.74%) NetSuite
2 40 (1.51%) SAP Business ByDesign
3 28 (1.06%) Magento
4 20 (0.76%) Distributed Ledger
5 14 (0.53%) Payment Gateway
6 9 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
6 9 (0.34%) Shopify
6 9 (0.34%) WebTrends
7 6 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
8 5 (0.19%) SDL Web 8
9 4 (0.15%) Sentinel
10 3 (0.11%) Workday HCM
11 2 (0.076%) Oracle ERP
11 2 (0.076%) SAP ERP
12 1 (0.038%) Oracle Applications
12 1 (0.038%) SAP Retail
12 1 (0.038%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 777 (29.33%) AWS
2 610 (23.03%) Azure
3 274 (10.34%) GCP
4 245 (9.25%) GitHub
5 176 (6.64%) Serverless
6 164 (6.19%) SaaS
7 117 (4.42%) AWS Lambda
8 114 (4.30%) AWS CloudFormation
9 55 (2.08%) npm
10 50 (1.89%) Amazon Kinesis
10 50 (1.89%) Amazon S3
11 44 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
12 40 (1.51%) Amazon ECS
12 40 (1.51%) Linode
13 36 (1.36%) Azure Functions
14 35 (1.32%) Power Platform
15 27 (1.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 26 (0.98%) Amazon Alexa
16 26 (0.98%) PaaS
17 24 (0.91%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 93 (3.51%) HTTP
2 34 (1.28%) Internet
3 32 (1.21%) Broadband
4 16 (0.60%) WebEx
5 14 (0.53%) Network Security
5 14 (0.53%) TCP/IP
6 8 (0.30%) SSH
7 6 (0.23%) Firewall
8 5 (0.19%) 5G
8 5 (0.19%) SMS
9 4 (0.15%) RIP
9 4 (0.15%) SSL
9 4 (0.15%) Wi-Fi
9 4 (0.15%) Wireshark
10 3 (0.11%) AMQP
10 3 (0.11%) Intranet
11 2 (0.076%) Ethernet
11 2 (0.076%) H.323
12 1 (0.038%) PBX
12 1 (0.038%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 515 (19.44%) MySQL
2 347 (13.10%) SQL Server
3 306 (11.55%) NoSQL
4 246 (9.29%) Relational Database
5 155 (5.85%) MongoDB
6 148 (5.59%) PostgreSQL
7 90 (3.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 82 (3.10%) Redis
9 75 (2.83%) Big Data
10 39 (1.47%) Apache Cassandra
10 39 (1.47%) Hadoop
11 38 (1.43%) Blockchain
12 37 (1.40%) RDBMS
13 32 (1.21%) MariaDB
14 30 (1.13%) Oracle Database
15 29 (1.09%) Data Warehouse
16 28 (1.06%) Power BI
17 26 (0.98%) Amazon Athena
18 25 (0.94%) Couchbase
19 23 (0.87%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 826 (31.18%) Git (software)
2 288 (10.87%) Jenkins
3 207 (7.81%) JIRA
4 166 (6.27%) TeamCity
5 130 (4.91%) Octopus Deploy
6 117 (4.42%) Maven
7 114 (4.30%) JUnit
8 89 (3.36%) Bitbucket
9 88 (3.32%) GitLab
10 81 (3.06%) Selenium
11 74 (2.79%) webpack
12 73 (2.76%) Team Foundation Server
13 72 (2.72%) PHPUnit
14 53 (2.00%) Gradle
15 49 (1.85%) Cucumber
15 49 (1.85%) Sonatype Nexus
15 49 (1.85%) Subversion
16 48 (1.81%) Visual Studio
17 47 (1.77%) Travis CI
18 40 (1.51%) WebStorm
General
1 722 (27.26%) Social Skills
2 510 (19.25%) Finance
3 160 (6.04%) Games
4 150 (5.66%) Analytical Skills
5 143 (5.40%) Retail
6 129 (4.87%) Banking
7 103 (3.89%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 91 (3.44%) Marketing
9 71 (2.68%) Public Sector
10 57 (2.15%) Law
11 54 (2.04%) Manufacturing
12 45 (1.70%) Legal
13 37 (1.40%) Advertising
14 30 (1.13%) Front Office
15 28 (1.06%) Back Office
16 26 (0.98%) Financial Institution
17 20 (0.76%) Pharmaceutical
18 19 (0.72%) Electronics
18 19 (0.72%) Telecoms
19 18 (0.68%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,631 (61.57%) Developer
2 491 (18.54%) Software Engineer
3 345 (13.02%) Senior Developer
4 334 (12.61%) PHP Developer
5 249 (9.40%) Software Developer
6 229 (8.64%) Java Developer
7 191 (7.21%) Full Stack Developer
8 184 (6.95%) Senior Software Engineer
9 165 (6.23%) .NET Developer
10 152 (5.74%) C# Developer
11 122 (4.61%) Python Developer
12 106 (4.00%) Backend Developer
13 92 (3.47%) Senior Java Developer
14 83 (3.13%) Junior
15 81 (3.06%) Java Engineer
16 73 (2.76%) C# .NET Developer
16 73 (2.76%) JavaScript Developer
17 62 (2.34%) Salesforce Developer
18 60 (2.27%) Junior Developer
19 56 (2.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 776 (29.29%) React
2 699 (26.39%) HTML
3 620 (23.41%) .NET
4 616 (23.25%) CSS
5 528 (19.93%) RESTful
6 504 (19.03%) AngularJS
7 463 (17.48%) REST
8 455 (17.18%) Node.js
9 432 (16.31%) Web Services
10 327 (12.34%) jQuery
10 327 (12.34%) Vue.js
11 296 (11.17%) Laravel
12 253 (9.55%) Spring
13 207 (7.81%) ASP.NET
14 201 (7.59%) .NET Framework
15 200 (7.55%) Spring Boot
16 198 (7.47%) HTML5
17 193 (7.29%) Symfony
18 191 (7.21%) .NET Core
19 178 (6.72%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 240 (9.06%) Algorithms
2 216 (8.15%) Data Structures
3 182 (6.87%) Self-Motivation
3 182 (6.87%) User Experience
4 163 (6.15%) Greenfield Project
5 134 (5.06%) Mobile App
6 92 (3.47%) Legacy Code
7 52 (1.96%) Enterprise Software
8 39 (1.47%) Cloud Native
9 36 (1.36%) NHS
10 34 (1.28%) Public Cloud
11 33 (1.25%) Client/Server
12 31 (1.17%) Hedge funds
12 31 (1.17%) Social Media
13 28 (1.06%) Management Information System
13 28 (1.06%) Social Network
14 27 (1.02%) Life Science
15 20 (0.76%) PlayStation
16 19 (0.72%) Legacy Systems
17 18 (0.68%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 399 (15.06%) Linux
2 179 (6.76%) Apple iOS
3 174 (6.57%) Android
4 154 (5.81%) Windows
5 45 (1.70%) Unix
6 34 (1.28%) Mesosphere
7 21 (0.79%) Alpine Linux
8 17 (0.64%) Mac OS
9 12 (0.45%) Ubuntu
10 9 (0.34%) Solaris
11 6 (0.23%) Windows Server 2016
12 4 (0.15%) Robot Operating System
12 4 (0.15%) Tizen
12 4 (0.15%) webOS
13 3 (0.11%) FreeBSD
14 2 (0.076%) CentOS
14 2 (0.076%) tvOS
14 2 (0.076%) VxWorks
14 2 (0.076%) Windows 7
14 2 (0.076%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,533 (57.87%) OO
2 1,357 (51.23%) Agile Software Development
3 954 (36.01%) Software Engineering
4 657 (24.80%) TDD
5 656 (24.76%) DevOps
6 594 (22.42%) Full Stack Development
7 590 (22.27%) Microservices
8 509 (19.21%) SOLID
9 460 (17.37%) Problem-Solving
10 433 (16.35%) Computer Science
11 423 (15.97%) MVC
12 403 (15.21%) Unit Testing
13 402 (15.18%) Test Automation
14 395 (14.91%) Continuous Integration
15 319 (12.04%) Scrum
16 308 (11.63%) Web Development
17 304 (11.48%) SDLC
18 303 (11.44%) Continuous Improvement
19 300 (11.33%) Mentoring
20 276 (10.42%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 1,271 (47.98%) JavaScript
2 991 (37.41%) Java
3 916 (34.58%) C#
4 791 (29.86%) Python
5 654 (24.69%) SQL
6 644 (24.31%) PHP
7 358 (13.51%) C++
8 324 (12.23%) Go
9 241 (9.10%) Scala
10 224 (8.46%) Kotlin
11 220 (8.31%) TypeScript
12 210 (7.93%) Ruby
13 139 (5.25%) C
14 134 (5.06%) PHP 7
15 106 (4.00%) Apple Swift
16 93 (3.51%) Java 8
17 92 (3.47%) Objective-C
18 81 (3.06%) VB.NET
19 70 (2.64%) R
19 70 (2.64%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 380 (14.35%) Degree
2 172 (6.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 47 (1.77%) HND
4 42 (1.59%) Security Cleared
5 29 (1.09%) SC Cleared
6 27 (1.02%) Master's Degree
7 15 (0.57%) PhD
8 11 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
9 8 (0.30%) DBS Check
10 5 (0.19%) AWS Certification
11 4 (0.15%) Six Sigma Black Belt
12 2 (0.076%) ISTQB
12 2 (0.076%) MBA
13 1 (0.038%) CCNA
13 1 (0.038%) CCNP
13 1 (0.038%) Cisco Certification
13 1 (0.038%) DV Cleared
13 1 (0.038%) HNC
13 1 (0.038%) MCAD
13 1 (0.038%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 217 (8.19%) QA
2 52 (1.96%) Accessibility
3 29 (1.09%) Data Quality
4 21 (0.79%) ISO 9001
5 20 (0.76%) PMO
6 13 (0.49%) WAI
7 12 (0.45%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 12 (0.45%) GxP
8 10 (0.38%) GDPR
9 2 (0.076%) SLA
10 1 (0.038%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.038%) Section 508
10 1 (0.038%) WCAG
System Software
1 671 (25.33%) Docker
2 8 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 8 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.15%) HDFS
4 3 (0.11%) LXC
4 3 (0.11%) Varnish
4 3 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.076%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.076%) Ceph
5 2 (0.076%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.038%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.038%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 425 (16.04%) Kubernetes
2 276 (10.42%) Terraform
3 59 (2.23%) Ansible
4 53 (2.00%) Puppet
5 40 (1.51%) Opscode Chef
6 35 (1.32%) Prometheus
7 34 (1.28%) Automic
8 33 (1.25%) Kibana
9 31 (1.17%) Consul
10 16 (0.60%) logstash
11 11 (0.42%) Single Sign-On
12 9 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
13 8 (0.30%) Grafana
13 8 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
14 6 (0.23%) MIIS
15 5 (0.19%) Istio
16 4 (0.15%) Kustomize
17 3 (0.11%) Rundeck
18 2 (0.076%) Galera Cluster
19 1 (0.038%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 291 (10.99%) Microsoft
2 127 (4.79%) Oracle
3 126 (4.76%) Google
4 94 (3.55%) Salesforce.com
5 74 (2.79%) Zend
6 69 (2.60%) SAP
7 66 (2.49%) Samsung
8 30 (1.13%) Solace
9 29 (1.09%) Splunk
10 26 (0.98%) Atlassian
11 25 (0.94%) Apple
12 22 (0.83%) Xamarin
13 16 (0.60%) Okta
14 14 (0.53%) Agilent
14 14 (0.53%) Sitecore
15 13 (0.49%) BT
15 13 (0.49%) Databricks
15 13 (0.49%) Murex
16 12 (0.45%) IBM
16 12 (0.45%) Spotify