Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for OOP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OOP over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 140 168 167
Rank change year-on-year +28 -1 -29
Permanent jobs citing OOP 1,975 2,304 3,161
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.34% 2.09% 2.13%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.53% 2.27% 2.30%
Number of salaries quoted 1,545 1,904 2,686
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £28,750
25th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £66,250 £63,750 £63,844
90th Percentile £86,250 £80,875 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%

OOP is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,066 101,391 137,195
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.48% 92.19% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 59,996 81,496 108,890
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

OOP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OOP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OOP.

Salary trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing OOP over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Salary histogram for OOP in the UK

OOP
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OOP within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +32 1,807 £52,500 +5.00% 390
UK excluding London +33 1,311 £47,500 +5.56% 279
London +11 598 £70,000 +7.69% 147
Work from Home +8 492 £52,500 +10.53% 117
North of England +55 419 £50,000 +1.52% 92
South East +24 408 £50,000 +11.11% 57
North West +18 219 £45,000 -7.22% 49
South West +9 142 £44,000 -2.22% 30
Yorkshire +49 123 £54,000 +8.00% 34
Scotland +21 122 £40,000 -11.11% 14
Midlands -54 105 £42,500 +6.25% 45
East of England +99 103 £57,500 +15.00% 19
North East +64 77 £50,000 +11.11% 9
West Midlands -37 60 £41,250 +17.86% 30
East Midlands -34 45 £45,000 +12.50% 15
Wales +22 9 £40,000 +23.08% 17
Northern Ireland -8 3 £57,500 +15.00% 6

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT jobs citing OOP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for OOP.

1 1,069 (54.13%) JavaScript
2 929 (47.04%) OO
3 822 (41.62%) Agile Software Development
4 732 (37.06%) C#
5 700 (35.44%) HTML
6 653 (33.06%) CSS
7 635 (32.15%) Java
8 577 (29.22%) Software Engineering
9 522 (26.43%) PHP
10 507 (25.67%) AWS
11 492 (24.91%) MySQL
12 483 (24.46%) Docker
13 480 (24.30%) Git (software)
14 444 (22.48%) Python
15 429 (21.72%) DevOps
16 402 (20.35%) SQL
17 399 (20.20%) .NET
18 390 (19.75%) MVC
19 382 (19.34%) TDD
20 362 (18.33%) Azure
21 355 (17.97%) React
22 351 (17.77%) AngularJS
23 335 (16.96%) Kubernetes
24 322 (16.30%) Web Development
25 318 (16.10%) SQL Server
26 313 (15.85%) Linux
27 312 (15.80%) Microsoft
27 312 (15.80%) Microservices
28 305 (15.44%) HTML5
29 303 (15.34%) Node.js

OOP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (3.09%) Apache
2 54 (2.73%) CMS
3 48 (2.43%) Elasticsearch
4 39 (1.97%) IIS
5 22 (1.11%) Confluence
6 17 (0.86%) Apache Spark
7 16 (0.81%) Drupal
8 12 (0.61%) nginx
8 12 (0.61%) WordPress
9 11 (0.56%) Apache Solr
9 11 (0.56%) EPiServer
10 9 (0.46%) Umbraco
11 8 (0.41%) Sitecore CMS
12 7 (0.35%) Tomcat
13 5 (0.25%) Headless CMS
14 4 (0.20%) Ethereum
14 4 (0.20%) Kentico
14 4 (0.20%) OpenStack
15 2 (0.10%) SharePoint
15 2 (0.10%) WinCC
Applications
1 22 (1.11%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.35%) AutoCAD
3 7 (0.35%) Figma
4 6 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.30%) Photoshop
4 6 (0.30%) Revit
5 4 (0.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 4 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
5 4 (0.20%) Fireworks
5 4 (0.20%) Sketch
6 2 (0.10%) Adobe XD
6 2 (0.10%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.051%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 23 (1.16%) Magento
2 8 (0.41%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.15%) Sentinel
3 3 (0.15%) Shopify
4 1 (0.051%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.051%) Infor M3
4 1 (0.051%) ProductWriter
4 1 (0.051%) Radian6
4 1 (0.051%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.051%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 507 (25.67%) AWS
2 362 (18.33%) Azure
3 175 (8.86%) GCP
4 83 (4.20%) AWS CloudFormation
5 82 (4.15%) GitHub
6 81 (4.10%) SaaS
7 76 (3.85%) Serverless
8 42 (2.13%) Amazon SQS
9 32 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
10 29 (1.47%) Azure Service Bus
11 28 (1.42%) Amazon Alexa
12 27 (1.37%) Amazon Kinesis
12 27 (1.37%) AWS Lambda
13 25 (1.27%) AWS CodeBuild
14 24 (1.22%) Azure App Service
15 17 (0.86%) Amazon EC2
15 17 (0.86%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 15 (0.76%) Datadog
17 14 (0.71%) npm
18 12 (0.61%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 25 (1.27%) Internet
2 24 (1.22%) Network Security
3 15 (0.76%) HTTP
4 12 (0.61%) Intranet
5 11 (0.56%) Broadband
5 11 (0.56%) TCP/IP
6 9 (0.46%) DAB
6 9 (0.46%) SSL
7 7 (0.35%) H.323
7 7 (0.35%) SSH
8 6 (0.30%) Wireshark
9 4 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
9 4 (0.20%) Wireless
10 3 (0.15%) DLNA
10 3 (0.15%) Multicast
10 3 (0.15%) UPnP
11 2 (0.10%) Firewall
11 2 (0.10%) Intelligent Network
12 1 (0.051%) FTP
12 1 (0.051%) GSM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 492 (24.91%) MySQL
2 318 (16.10%) SQL Server
3 150 (7.59%) NoSQL
4 144 (7.29%) MongoDB
5 139 (7.04%) Relational Database
6 70 (3.54%) PostgreSQL
7 42 (2.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 30 (1.52%) Redis
9 27 (1.37%) Big Data
10 26 (1.32%) SQL Server 2008
11 25 (1.27%) SQL Server 2012
12 19 (0.96%) RDBMS
13 18 (0.91%) Azure SQL Database
14 14 (0.71%) Hadoop
15 13 (0.66%) Data Mining
16 12 (0.61%) MariaDB
17 11 (0.56%) SQL Server 2014
18 10 (0.51%) Data Warehouse
18 10 (0.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 9 (0.46%) Flink
Development Applications
1 480 (24.30%) Git (software)
2 146 (7.39%) Jenkins
3 95 (4.81%) JIRA
4 89 (4.51%) Selenium
5 75 (3.80%) Maven
6 73 (3.70%) JUnit
7 72 (3.65%) Visual Studio
8 47 (2.38%) PHPUnit
8 47 (2.38%) webpack
9 42 (2.13%) Cucumber
9 42 (2.13%) TeamCity
10 32 (1.62%) Appium
11 31 (1.57%) Mocha
12 30 (1.52%) gulp
13 27 (1.37%) Subversion
13 27 (1.37%) Visual Studio Team System
14 26 (1.32%) Eclipse
15 25 (1.27%) WebDriver
16 23 (1.16%) Team Foundation Server
17 22 (1.11%) Xcode
General
1 281 (14.23%) Finance
2 166 (8.41%) Games
3 115 (5.82%) Retail
4 91 (4.61%) Marketing
5 56 (2.84%) Banking
6 51 (2.58%) Law
7 47 (2.38%) Public Sector
8 38 (1.92%) Manufacturing
9 24 (1.22%) Telecoms
10 18 (0.91%) Automotive
10 18 (0.91%) Publishing
11 15 (0.76%) Front Office
12 14 (0.71%) Electronics
13 12 (0.61%) Advertising
14 10 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
15 7 (0.35%) Legal
16 6 (0.30%) Back Office
16 6 (0.30%) French Language
16 6 (0.30%) Local Government
17 4 (0.20%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,235 (62.53%) Developer
2 319 (16.15%) PHP Developer
3 309 (15.65%) Senior Developer
4 306 (15.49%) Software Engineer
5 185 (9.37%) Software Developer
6 173 (8.76%) .NET Developer
7 128 (6.48%) C# Developer
7 128 (6.48%) Tester
8 117 (5.92%) JavaScript Developer
9 112 (5.67%) Trainee
10 109 (5.52%) Software Tester
11 108 (5.47%) Games Tester
11 108 (5.47%) Trainee Software Tester
11 108 (5.47%) Trainee Tester
12 107 (5.42%) Full Stack Developer
13 87 (4.41%) Senior Software Engineer
14 84 (4.25%) Java Developer
15 78 (3.95%) C# .NET Developer
16 76 (3.85%) Web Developer
17 74 (3.75%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 700 (35.44%) HTML
2 653 (33.06%) CSS
3 399 (20.20%) .NET
4 355 (17.97%) React
5 351 (17.77%) AngularJS
6 305 (15.44%) HTML5
7 303 (15.34%) Node.js
8 281 (14.23%) REST
9 275 (13.92%) RESTful
10 257 (13.01%) Web Services
11 232 (11.75%) Vue.js
12 204 (10.33%) jQuery
13 200 (10.13%) Laravel
14 199 (10.08%) CSS3
15 195 (9.87%) Symfony
16 163 (8.25%) XML
17 159 (8.05%) LAMP
18 154 (7.80%) ASP.NET
19 137 (6.94%) Spring
20 129 (6.53%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 156 (7.90%) Data Structures
2 116 (5.87%) Greenfield Project
3 112 (5.67%) User Experience
4 106 (5.37%) Mobile App
5 97 (4.91%) Analytical Skills
6 60 (3.04%) Algorithms
7 51 (2.58%) Self-Motivation
8 49 (2.48%) Enterprise Software
9 39 (1.97%) Organisational Skills
10 19 (0.96%) Cloud Native
11 17 (0.86%) Client/Server
12 15 (0.76%) Driving Licence
13 14 (0.71%) Equities
13 14 (0.71%) Hedge funds
14 13 (0.66%) Linux Command Line
15 12 (0.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 12 (0.61%) Video\Live Streaming
15 12 (0.61%) Virtual Team
16 11 (0.56%) Wiki
17 10 (0.51%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 313 (15.85%) Linux
2 107 (5.42%) Android
3 98 (4.96%) Apple iOS
4 58 (2.94%) Windows
5 36 (1.82%) Unix
6 13 (0.66%) Ubuntu
7 10 (0.51%) Mac OS
8 8 (0.41%) CentOS
9 6 (0.30%) Windows Server 2016
10 5 (0.25%) Windows Server
11 4 (0.20%) Embedded Linux
11 4 (0.20%) VxWorks
12 3 (0.15%) Nucleus RTOS
12 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.10%) Robot Operating System
14 1 (0.051%) Debian
14 1 (0.051%) FreeBSD
14 1 (0.051%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.051%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 929 (47.04%) OO
2 822 (41.62%) Agile Software Development
3 577 (29.22%) Software Engineering
4 429 (21.72%) DevOps
5 390 (19.75%) MVC
6 382 (19.34%) TDD
7 322 (16.30%) Web Development
8 312 (15.80%) Microservices
9 300 (15.19%) SOLID
10 257 (13.01%) Unit Testing
11 237 (12.00%) Software Testing
12 215 (10.89%) Test Automation
13 205 (10.38%) Problem-Solving
14 193 (9.77%) Continuous Integration
15 192 (9.72%) E-Commerce
16 187 (9.47%) Computer Science
17 177 (8.96%) Scrum
18 155 (7.85%) Front End Development
19 131 (6.63%) BDD
20 127 (6.43%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,069 (54.13%) JavaScript
2 732 (37.06%) C#
3 635 (32.15%) Java
4 522 (26.43%) PHP
5 444 (22.48%) Python
6 402 (20.35%) SQL
7 203 (10.28%) TypeScript
8 184 (9.32%) C++
9 178 (9.01%) Ruby
10 169 (8.56%) Go
11 153 (7.75%) Java 8
12 114 (5.77%) Scala
13 108 (5.47%) Kotlin
14 82 (4.15%) ES6
15 70 (3.54%) PHP 7
16 67 (3.39%) Apple Swift
17 53 (2.68%) Objective-C
18 48 (2.43%) C
19 32 (1.62%) T-SQL
20 22 (1.11%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 222 (11.24%) Degree
2 108 (5.47%) CIW
2 108 (5.47%) OCA
2 108 (5.47%) OCP
2 108 (5.47%) Oracle Certification
3 106 (5.37%) Computer Science Degree
4 21 (1.06%) ISTQB
5 19 (0.96%) Microsoft Certification
5 19 (0.96%) Security Cleared
6 18 (0.91%) Master's Degree
7 13 (0.66%) SC Cleared
8 9 (0.46%) PhD
9 7 (0.35%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.15%) HNC
10 3 (0.15%) HND
10 3 (0.15%) ISEB
11 2 (0.10%) MCDBA
11 2 (0.10%) MCP
11 2 (0.10%) MCSD
12 1 (0.051%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 125 (6.33%) QA
2 28 (1.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 9 (0.46%) GDPR
4 4 (0.20%) ISO 9001
4 4 (0.20%) WAI
4 4 (0.20%) WCAG
5 2 (0.10%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.051%) PSD2
System Software
1 483 (24.46%) Docker
2 13 (0.66%) VMware Infrastructure
3 10 (0.51%) KVM
4 6 (0.30%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.10%) Firmware
5 2 (0.10%) Varnish
6 1 (0.051%) Ceph
6 1 (0.051%) LXC
Systems Management
1 335 (16.96%) Kubernetes
2 129 (6.53%) Terraform
3 23 (1.16%) Ansible
4 20 (1.01%) Puppet
5 16 (0.81%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (0.30%) Rancher
7 4 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
8 3 (0.15%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.10%) Icinga
9 2 (0.10%) SCCM
9 2 (0.10%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.051%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.051%) Galera Cluster
10 1 (0.051%) Grafana
10 1 (0.051%) HP Quality Center
10 1 (0.051%) Kibana
10 1 (0.051%) Marathon
10 1 (0.051%) Rundeck
10 1 (0.051%) Salt
10 1 (0.051%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 312 (15.80%) Microsoft
2 209 (10.58%) Oracle
3 118 (5.97%) Google
4 78 (3.95%) Zend
5 46 (2.33%) Salesforce.com
6 29 (1.47%) Xamarin
7 16 (0.81%) AppDynamics
8 13 (0.66%) SAP
8 13 (0.66%) VMware
9 11 (0.56%) ANSYS
9 11 (0.56%) Bloomberg
9 11 (0.56%) Samsung
10 9 (0.46%) Sitecore
11 8 (0.41%) Apple
12 7 (0.35%) Atlassian
13 6 (0.30%) Adobe
13 6 (0.30%) Autodesk
14 4 (0.20%) Remedy
14 4 (0.20%) Splunk
14 4 (0.20%) Sun