Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for OOP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OOP over the 6 months to 3 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)
UK
6 months to
3 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 154 149 162
Rank change year-on-year -5 +13 +9
Permanent jobs citing OOP 4,740 2,624 1,716
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.62% 2.44% 2.17%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.75% 2.59% 2.33%
Number of salaries quoted 1,417 1,793 1,441
10th Percentile £37,500 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £38,750 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £77,500 £66,250 £65,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £86,250 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +10.53% +5.56% +5.88%

OOP is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 172,408 101,121 73,634
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.36% 93.84% 92.90%
Number of salaries quoted 84,642 70,010 59,458
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,750
25th Percentile £44,842 £41,750 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £49,800 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.42% +4.84% +5.56%

OOP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OOP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OOP.

Salary trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing OOP over the 6 months to 3 July 2022.

Salary histogram for OOP in the UK

OOP
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OOP within the UK over the 6 months to 3 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -19 3,648 £55,000 +4.76% 281
London -2 2,008 £75,000 +15.38% 132
Work from Home -59 1,863 £55,000 +10.00% 167
UK excluding London -31 1,828 £52,500 +10.53% 159
South East -20 609 £52,500 +5.00% 36
North of England -53 504 £52,500 +5.00% 47
Yorkshire +3 240 £50,000 - 14
North West -66 224 £52,500 +10.53% 30
Scotland -39 181 £52,500 +21.39% 9
Midlands -12 180 £50,000 +21.21% 23
South West -25 155 £50,000 +13.64% 20
East Midlands +9 95 £52,500 +31.25% 7
East of England -104 87 £50,000 -4.76% 20
West Midlands -53 85 £50,000 +17.65% 16
Wales +9 64 £60,000 +50.00% 3
Northern Ireland +25 56 £57,500 +43.75% 1
North East -50 43 £51,250 -6.82% 3

For the 6 months to 3 July 2022, IT jobs citing OOP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for OOP.

1 2,785 (58.76%) OO
2 2,608 (55.02%) Agile
3 2,413 (50.91%) JavaScript
4 2,123 (44.79%) Java
5 1,821 (38.42%) C#
6 1,816 (38.31%) Python
7 1,707 (36.01%) HTML
8 1,635 (34.49%) CSS
9 1,522 (32.11%) Software Engineering
10 1,510 (31.86%) AWS
11 1,421 (29.98%) SQL
12 1,414 (29.83%) Git (software)
13 1,318 (27.81%) CI/CD
14 1,312 (27.68%) TDD
15 1,278 (26.96%) Docker
16 1,241 (26.18%) Microsoft
17 1,211 (25.55%) Microservices
18 1,170 (24.68%) React
19 1,127 (23.78%) .NET
20 1,120 (23.63%) Finance
21 1,053 (22.22%) Social Skills
22 984 (20.76%) Azure
23 965 (20.36%) Data Structures
24 940 (19.83%) Problem-Solving
25 934 (19.70%) RESTful
26 907 (19.14%) Test Automation
27 897 (18.92%) Kubernetes
28 877 (18.50%) PHP
29 875 (18.46%) REST
30 860 (18.14%) HTML5

OOP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 264 (5.57%) Apache Spark
2 143 (3.02%) Apache
3 92 (1.94%) CMS
4 81 (1.71%) IIS
5 53 (1.12%) nginx
6 51 (1.08%) WordPress
7 39 (0.82%) Ethereum
8 33 (0.70%) Drupal
9 30 (0.63%) Apache Airflow
10 28 (0.59%) Confluence
11 25 (0.53%) Apache Solr
12 20 (0.42%) Headless CMS
13 18 (0.38%) SharePoint
14 14 (0.30%) Umbraco
15 13 (0.27%) IBM Domino
15 13 (0.27%) Tomcat
16 11 (0.23%) WinCC
17 9 (0.19%) MQSeries
17 9 (0.19%) Sitefinity
18 8 (0.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 29 (0.61%) Chatbot
2 26 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
3 22 (0.46%) Photoshop
4 17 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
5 16 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
6 12 (0.25%) Sketch
7 7 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 5 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
8 5 (0.11%) FileZilla
8 5 (0.11%) Simulink
8 5 (0.11%) Zeplin
9 4 (0.084%) AutoCAD
9 4 (0.084%) Revit
10 2 (0.042%) Pipeline Pilot
Business Applications
1 34 (0.72%) Payment Gateway
2 32 (0.68%) NetSuite
3 31 (0.65%) SAP Business ByDesign
4 24 (0.51%) WebTrends
5 16 (0.34%) Magento
6 14 (0.30%) Shopify
7 12 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
8 6 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
9 4 (0.084%) Distributed Ledger
10 3 (0.063%) R3 Corda
11 2 (0.042%) MIS ActiveH
11 2 (0.042%) thinkFolio
12 1 (0.021%) SAP CO
12 1 (0.021%) SAP EWM
12 1 (0.021%) SAP FI
12 1 (0.021%) SAP FI/CO
12 1 (0.021%) SAP Hybris
12 1 (0.021%) SAP MM
12 1 (0.021%) SAP Oil and Gas
12 1 (0.021%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 1,510 (31.86%) AWS
2 984 (20.76%) Azure
3 642 (13.54%) Serverless
4 466 (9.83%) GCP
5 463 (9.77%) AWS Lambda
6 451 (9.51%) GitHub
7 222 (4.68%) SaaS
8 196 (4.14%) OpenShift
9 195 (4.11%) Cloud Functions
10 126 (2.66%) npm
11 115 (2.43%) Amazon S3
12 114 (2.41%) AWS CloudFormation
13 112 (2.36%) Azure DevOps
14 103 (2.17%) Azure Functions
15 96 (2.03%) Amazon ECS
16 90 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
16 90 (1.90%) Datadog
17 73 (1.54%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 73 (1.54%) Amazon EC2
17 73 (1.54%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 251 (5.30%) Internet
2 210 (4.43%) HTTP
3 47 (0.99%) Broadband
4 30 (0.63%) NFC
5 28 (0.59%) DNS
6 26 (0.55%) WebEx
7 23 (0.49%) Firewall
8 18 (0.38%) Network Security
9 14 (0.30%) HTTPS
10 13 (0.27%) TCP/IP
11 8 (0.17%) CATAPAN
11 8 (0.17%) X.509
12 7 (0.15%) DLNA
12 7 (0.15%) UPnP
12 7 (0.15%) Wi-Fi
13 6 (0.13%) Ethernet
14 5 (0.11%) DHCP
14 5 (0.11%) FTP
15 4 (0.084%) MQTT
15 4 (0.084%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 849 (17.91%) MySQL
2 773 (16.31%) NoSQL
3 668 (14.09%) SQL Server
4 539 (11.37%) Relational Database
5 536 (11.31%) PostgreSQL
6 495 (10.44%) MongoDB
7 282 (5.95%) Elasticsearch
8 206 (4.35%) Apache Cassandra
9 202 (4.26%) Flink
10 176 (3.71%) DynamoDB
10 176 (3.71%) Redis
11 143 (3.02%) RDBMS
12 142 (3.00%) Big Data
13 99 (2.09%) Amazon Athena
14 69 (1.46%) Data Warehouse
15 55 (1.16%) Couchbase
16 54 (1.14%) Amazon RDS
17 32 (0.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 24 (0.51%) OLAP
18 24 (0.51%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 1,414 (29.83%) Git (software)
2 560 (11.81%) Jenkins
3 475 (10.02%) Maven
4 472 (9.96%) JIRA
5 443 (9.35%) Gradle
6 240 (5.06%) Subversion
7 208 (4.39%) Ant
8 179 (3.78%) TeamCity
9 176 (3.71%) Selenium
10 170 (3.59%) GitLab
10 170 (3.59%) Octopus Deploy
11 155 (3.27%) webpack
12 153 (3.23%) Cucumber
13 149 (3.14%) Team Foundation Server
14 138 (2.91%) Mockito
15 127 (2.68%) Visual Studio
16 120 (2.53%) Cypress.io
17 118 (2.49%) JUnit
18 108 (2.28%) Postman
19 100 (2.11%) PHPUnit
General
1 1,120 (23.63%) Finance
2 1,053 (22.22%) Social Skills
3 340 (7.17%) Analytical Skills
4 329 (6.94%) Games
5 274 (5.78%) Banking
6 243 (5.13%) Manufacturing
7 204 (4.30%) Retail
8 173 (3.65%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 158 (3.33%) Advertising
10 154 (3.25%) Marketing
11 102 (2.15%) Public Sector
12 91 (1.92%) Law
13 87 (1.84%) Electronics
14 79 (1.67%) Back Office
15 69 (1.46%) Telecoms
16 65 (1.37%) Organisational Skills
17 59 (1.24%) Publishing
18 54 (1.14%) Legal
19 50 (1.05%) Aerospace
20 39 (0.82%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 2,759 (58.21%) Developer
2 952 (20.08%) Software Engineer
3 854 (18.02%) Software Developer
4 546 (11.52%) Trainee
5 543 (11.46%) Trainee Developer
6 541 (11.41%) Trainee Software Developer
7 460 (9.70%) Senior Developer
8 379 (8.00%) Java Engineer
9 296 (6.24%) Senior Software Engineer
10 294 (6.20%) Senior Java Engineer
11 287 (6.05%) Java Developer
12 275 (5.80%) Full Stack Developer
13 234 (4.94%) PHP Developer
14 229 (4.83%) .NET Developer
15 170 (3.59%) C# Developer
16 161 (3.40%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 153 (3.23%) Backend Developer
18 126 (2.66%) Python Developer
19 105 (2.22%) Lead Developer
20 102 (2.15%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,707 (36.01%) HTML
2 1,635 (34.49%) CSS
3 1,170 (24.68%) React
4 1,127 (23.78%) .NET
5 934 (19.70%) RESTful
6 875 (18.46%) REST
7 860 (18.14%) HTML5
8 732 (15.44%) CSS3
9 661 (13.95%) AngularJS
10 648 (13.67%) Node.js
11 565 (11.92%) ASP.NET
12 541 (11.41%) Java SE
13 538 (11.35%) Spring
14 496 (10.46%) Web Services
15 472 (9.96%) Vue.js
16 434 (9.16%) .NET Framework
17 374 (7.89%) Spring Boot
18 342 (7.22%) Laravel
19 330 (6.96%) jQuery
20 328 (6.92%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 965 (20.36%) Data Structures
2 449 (9.47%) Algorithms
3 382 (8.06%) User Experience
4 357 (7.53%) Mobile App
5 238 (5.02%) Linux Command Line
6 207 (4.37%) Life Science
7 186 (3.92%) Self-Motivation
8 182 (3.84%) Greenfield Project
9 160 (3.38%) Cloud Native
10 133 (2.81%) Blockchain
11 126 (2.66%) Enterprise Software
12 123 (2.59%) Legacy Code
13 109 (2.30%) Virtual Team
14 96 (2.03%) Cardano
14 96 (2.03%) Hedge funds
15 94 (1.98%) Public Cloud
16 88 (1.86%) Social Network
17 63 (1.33%) PMI
18 61 (1.29%) Data Centre
19 59 (1.24%) e-Learning
Operating Systems
1 434 (9.16%) Linux
2 369 (7.78%) Android
3 321 (6.77%) Apple iOS
4 254 (5.36%) Unix
5 252 (5.32%) Windows
6 73 (1.54%) Mesosphere
7 44 (0.93%) VMS
8 32 (0.68%) Ubuntu
9 26 (0.55%) Windows Server 2016
10 22 (0.46%) tvOS
11 19 (0.40%) CentOS
11 19 (0.40%) Windows Server
12 15 (0.32%) Embedded Linux
13 12 (0.25%) Windows Embedded Compact
14 11 (0.23%) Debian
15 7 (0.15%) Mac OS
16 5 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 5 (0.11%) VxWorks
16 5 (0.11%) Windows 10
16 5 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,785 (58.76%) OO
2 2,608 (55.02%) Agile
3 1,522 (32.11%) Software Engineering
4 1,318 (27.81%) CI/CD
5 1,312 (27.68%) TDD
6 1,211 (25.55%) Microservices
7 940 (19.83%) Problem-Solving
8 907 (19.14%) Test Automation
9 825 (17.41%) Continuous Integration
10 766 (16.16%) Scrum
11 762 (16.08%) Mentoring
12 751 (15.84%) DevOps
13 746 (15.74%) SOLID
14 745 (15.72%) BDD
15 686 (14.47%) Functional Programming
16 674 (14.22%) MVC
17 655 (13.82%) Full Stack Development
18 561 (11.84%) Computer Science
19 494 (10.42%) Continuous Improvement
20 461 (9.73%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,413 (50.91%) JavaScript
2 2,123 (44.79%) Java
3 1,821 (38.42%) C#
4 1,816 (38.31%) Python
5 1,421 (29.98%) SQL
6 877 (18.50%) PHP
7 548 (11.56%) TypeScript
8 445 (9.39%) C++
9 374 (7.89%) Ruby
10 358 (7.55%) Go
11 261 (5.51%) Kotlin
12 246 (5.19%) Perl
13 241 (5.08%) PowerShell
14 231 (4.87%) Scala
15 207 (4.37%) Shell Script
16 187 (3.95%) Apple Swift
17 146 (3.08%) ES6
18 117 (2.47%) T-SQL
19 95 (2.00%) C
20 92 (1.94%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 644 (13.59%) Degree
2 541 (11.41%) CIW
2 541 (11.41%) OCA
2 541 (11.41%) OCP
2 541 (11.41%) Oracle Certification
3 295 (6.22%) Computer Science Degree
4 64 (1.35%) Microsoft Certification
5 63 (1.33%) PMI Certification
6 61 (1.29%) Security Cleared
7 51 (1.08%) SC Cleared
8 47 (0.99%) Master's Degree
9 35 (0.74%) ISTQB
10 34 (0.72%) ISEB
11 33 (0.70%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 33 (0.70%) PhD
12 22 (0.46%) Six Sigma Black Belt
13 18 (0.38%) DBS Check
14 12 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
15 11 (0.23%) MCAD
16 10 (0.21%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 619 (13.06%) QA
2 153 (3.23%) Accessibility
3 19 (0.40%) HL7
4 17 (0.36%) HIPAA
5 12 (0.25%) WAI
6 9 (0.19%) GDPR
7 6 (0.13%) IEC 61131
7 6 (0.13%) ISO 9001
8 5 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 5 (0.11%) SOC 2
8 5 (0.11%) WCAG
9 4 (0.084%) Actionable Recommendations
9 4 (0.084%) COBIT
9 4 (0.084%) GLP
10 3 (0.063%) Data Quality
10 3 (0.063%) GLBA
10 3 (0.063%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.063%) SSAE 16
11 1 (0.021%) IEC 62304
11 1 (0.021%) NIST
System Software
1 1,278 (26.96%) Docker
2 35 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
3 17 (0.36%) Firmware
4 9 (0.19%) Active Directory
5 8 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 8 (0.17%) iptables
6 5 (0.11%) HDFS
6 5 (0.11%) Terminal Services
7 2 (0.042%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.042%) KVM
7 2 (0.042%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.042%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 897 (18.92%) Kubernetes
2 526 (11.10%) Terraform
3 111 (2.34%) Ansible
4 110 (2.32%) Puppet
5 79 (1.67%) Prometheus
6 78 (1.65%) Opscode Chef
7 73 (1.54%) Automic
8 60 (1.27%) Kibana
9 57 (1.20%) Consul
10 55 (1.16%) logstash
11 48 (1.01%) Single Sign-On
12 17 (0.36%) Grafana
13 15 (0.32%) Rancher
14 14 (0.30%) Failover Clustering
14 14 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
15 11 (0.23%) Active Directory Federation Services
16 8 (0.17%) Docker Swarm
17 6 (0.13%) MIIS
17 6 (0.13%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
18 3 (0.063%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 1,241 (26.18%) Microsoft
2 656 (13.84%) Oracle
3 471 (9.94%) Google
4 97 (2.05%) Samsung
5 95 (2.00%) Apple
6 67 (1.41%) Spotify
7 66 (1.39%) Zend
8 65 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
9 63 (1.33%) Splunk
10 52 (1.10%) Bloomberg
10 52 (1.10%) LexisNexis
11 44 (0.93%) ANSYS
12 43 (0.91%) Sony
13 42 (0.89%) SAP
14 33 (0.70%) Xamarin
15 25 (0.53%) Marin
15 25 (0.53%) Sybase
16 22 (0.46%) Roku
17 20 (0.42%) Red Hat
18 18 (0.38%) Klarna