Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for OOP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OOP over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)
UK
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 146 158 167
Rank change year-on-year +12 +9 -1
Permanent jobs citing OOP 2,748 1,560 3,064
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.44% 2.20% 2.12%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.62% 2.39% 2.30%
Number of salaries quoted 1,796 1,314 2,610
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,500
25th Percentile £40,000 £37,500 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £66,563 £63,750 £65,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

OOP is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 105,085 65,366 133,350
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.45% 92.39% 92.45%
Number of salaries quoted 71,668 52,888 106,318
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

OOP
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing OOP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OOP.

Salary trend for OOP in the UK

OOP
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing OOP over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Salary histogram for OOP in the UK

OOP
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OOP within the UK over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 2,485 £52,500 +5.00% 442
UK excluding London +4 1,567 £47,500 +5.56% 308
London +29 1,056 £65,000 -3.70% 158
Work from Home +16 649 £52,500 +5.00% 113
South East -16 501 £50,000 +17.65% 65
North of England +23 495 £50,000 +11.11% 124
North West +7 261 £50,000 +5.26% 78
Scotland +16 158 £45,000 - 25
Yorkshire +10 151 £50,000 +11.11% 32
Midlands -26 146 £42,500 - 42
South West -30 146 £43,250 -3.89% 24
West Midlands -7 100 £42,500 - 18
East of England +7 96 £52,500 +16.67% 24
North East +38 89 £50,000 +17.65% 14
East Midlands -48 46 £45,000 +5.88% 24
Wales -13 20 £40,000 +23.08% 2
Northern Ireland -29 8 £40,000 -27.27% 1

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT jobs citing OOP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for OOP.

1 1,399 (50.91%) OO
2 1,381 (50.25%) JavaScript
3 1,268 (46.14%) Agile Software Development
4 1,015 (36.94%) C#
5 983 (35.77%) Software Engineering
6 921 (33.52%) Java
7 841 (30.60%) HTML
8 781 (28.42%) AWS
9 756 (27.51%) CSS
10 741 (26.97%) Docker
11 740 (26.93%) React
12 703 (25.58%) Git (software)
13 651 (23.69%) .NET
14 648 (23.58%) Python
15 646 (23.51%) DevOps
16 641 (23.33%) SQL
17 635 (23.11%) MySQL
18 633 (23.03%) PHP
19 621 (22.60%) Microservices
20 615 (22.38%) Social Skills
21 555 (20.20%) Azure
22 539 (19.61%) RESTful
23 531 (19.32%) Node.js
24 509 (18.52%) REST
25 506 (18.41%) TDD
26 505 (18.38%) AngularJS
27 486 (17.69%) SOLID
28 480 (17.47%) MVC
29 468 (17.03%) Kubernetes
30 454 (16.52%) Linux

OOP
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (3.53%) Elasticsearch
2 90 (3.28%) Confluence
3 78 (2.84%) Apache
4 77 (2.80%) CMS
5 48 (1.75%) nginx
6 44 (1.60%) IIS
7 34 (1.24%) Apache Spark
8 21 (0.76%) Apache Solr
9 20 (0.73%) Oracle Coherence
10 18 (0.66%) Drupal
11 16 (0.58%) WordPress
12 14 (0.51%) SharePoint
13 12 (0.44%) EPiServer
13 12 (0.44%) IBM Domino
13 12 (0.44%) Tomcat
14 11 (0.40%) Umbraco
15 8 (0.29%) Sitecore CMS
16 5 (0.18%) Headless CMS
16 5 (0.18%) JBoss
16 5 (0.18%) OpenStack
Applications
1 25 (0.91%) Photoshop
2 22 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (0.69%) Adobe Illustrator
4 14 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
5 10 (0.36%) Adobe XD
6 9 (0.33%) Fireworks
7 7 (0.25%) EngageOne
7 7 (0.25%) MS Visio
8 6 (0.22%) AutoCAD
8 6 (0.22%) InDesign
8 6 (0.22%) Revit
9 4 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 4 (0.15%) Sketch
10 3 (0.11%) Simulink
10 3 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.036%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.036%) Figma
Business Applications
1 50 (1.82%) Magento
2 21 (0.76%) Shopify
3 20 (0.73%) Distributed Ledger
4 9 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
5 7 (0.25%) SAP S/4HANA
6 4 (0.15%) SDL Web 8
6 4 (0.15%) Sentinel
7 3 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
7 3 (0.11%) NetSuite
7 3 (0.11%) Workday HCM
8 2 (0.073%) Exchequer
8 2 (0.073%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.073%) WebTrends
9 1 (0.036%) Dynamics CRM
9 1 (0.036%) Infor M3
9 1 (0.036%) Oracle Applications
9 1 (0.036%) SAP Retail
Cloud Services
1 781 (28.42%) AWS
2 555 (20.20%) Azure
3 223 (8.11%) GCP
4 158 (5.75%) GitHub
5 149 (5.42%) Serverless
6 132 (4.80%) SaaS
7 105 (3.82%) AWS CloudFormation
8 88 (3.20%) AWS Lambda
9 45 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
10 37 (1.35%) npm
11 33 (1.20%) Azure Service Bus
12 29 (1.06%) Amazon Kinesis
12 29 (1.06%) Azure Functions
13 27 (0.98%) Amazon SQS
14 26 (0.95%) Amazon S3
15 25 (0.91%) Amazon ECS
16 20 (0.73%) Amazon Alexa
16 20 (0.73%) Power Platform
17 16 (0.58%) Apigee
17 16 (0.58%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 96 (3.49%) HTTP
2 57 (2.07%) Internet
3 31 (1.13%) Broadband
4 17 (0.62%) Network Security
5 15 (0.55%) TCP/IP
6 12 (0.44%) Intranet
7 11 (0.40%) Wi-Fi
8 9 (0.33%) SSL
8 9 (0.33%) WebEx
9 8 (0.29%) Wireshark
10 7 (0.25%) SSH
11 6 (0.22%) Firewall
11 6 (0.22%) Intelligent Network
11 6 (0.22%) Wireless
12 4 (0.15%) H.323
12 4 (0.15%) RIP
13 3 (0.11%) 5G
13 3 (0.11%) AMQP
13 3 (0.11%) DLNA
13 3 (0.11%) UPnP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 635 (23.11%) MySQL
2 438 (15.94%) SQL Server
3 369 (13.43%) NoSQL
4 212 (7.71%) Relational Database
5 207 (7.53%) MongoDB
6 177 (6.44%) PostgreSQL
7 85 (3.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 77 (2.80%) Redis
9 71 (2.58%) Big Data
10 44 (1.60%) MariaDB
11 38 (1.38%) Couchbase
12 37 (1.35%) RDBMS
13 36 (1.31%) SQL Server 2012
14 28 (1.02%) Hadoop
15 25 (0.91%) Oracle Database
16 24 (0.87%) Azure SQL Database
16 24 (0.87%) Data Warehouse
17 21 (0.76%) Amazon Aurora
18 20 (0.73%) Apache Cassandra
19 19 (0.69%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 703 (25.58%) Git (software)
2 250 (9.10%) Jenkins
3 231 (8.41%) JIRA
4 139 (5.06%) JUnit
5 135 (4.91%) TeamCity
6 127 (4.62%) Maven
7 99 (3.60%) Octopus Deploy
8 95 (3.46%) Selenium
9 73 (2.66%) webpack
10 71 (2.58%) Bitbucket
11 69 (2.51%) Visual Studio
12 59 (2.15%) PHPUnit
13 58 (2.11%) GitLab
13 58 (2.11%) Gradle
14 53 (1.93%) Cucumber
15 51 (1.86%) Mocha
16 48 (1.75%) gulp
17 47 (1.71%) Subversion
18 42 (1.53%) Cypress.io
19 35 (1.27%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 615 (22.38%) Social Skills
2 437 (15.90%) Finance
3 226 (8.22%) Games
4 207 (7.53%) Retail
5 136 (4.95%) Analytical Skills
6 106 (3.86%) Banking
7 101 (3.68%) Marketing
8 57 (2.07%) Manufacturing
9 55 (2.00%) Public Sector
10 54 (1.97%) Law
11 33 (1.20%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 32 (1.16%) Automotive
13 31 (1.13%) Organisational Skills
14 25 (0.91%) Presentation Skills
15 24 (0.87%) Wearables
16 23 (0.84%) Influencing Skills
16 23 (0.84%) Legal
17 22 (0.80%) Back Office
17 22 (0.80%) Documentation Skills
18 20 (0.73%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 1,641 (59.72%) Developer
2 492 (17.90%) Software Engineer
3 387 (14.08%) Senior Developer
4 362 (13.17%) PHP Developer
5 209 (7.61%) Software Developer
6 199 (7.24%) .NET Developer
7 180 (6.55%) Senior Software Engineer
8 171 (6.22%) C# Developer
8 171 (6.22%) Java Developer
9 153 (5.57%) Full Stack Developer
10 133 (4.84%) Backend Developer
11 131 (4.77%) Tester
12 105 (3.82%) JavaScript Developer
13 101 (3.68%) C# .NET Developer
14 100 (3.64%) Software Tester
15 97 (3.53%) Games Tester
15 97 (3.53%) Trainee
15 97 (3.53%) Trainee Software Tester
15 97 (3.53%) Trainee Tester
16 94 (3.42%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 841 (30.60%) HTML
2 756 (27.51%) CSS
3 740 (26.93%) React
4 651 (23.69%) .NET
5 539 (19.61%) RESTful
6 531 (19.32%) Node.js
7 509 (18.52%) REST
8 505 (18.38%) AngularJS
9 387 (14.08%) Web Services
10 352 (12.81%) HTML5
11 292 (10.63%) jQuery
12 287 (10.44%) Vue.js
13 259 (9.43%) Spring
14 257 (9.35%) Symfony
15 256 (9.32%) Laravel
16 218 (7.93%) ASP.NET
17 211 (7.68%) CSS3
18 209 (7.61%) .NET Core
19 191 (6.95%) .NET Framework
20 187 (6.80%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 204 (7.42%) User Experience
2 203 (7.39%) Data Structures
3 154 (5.60%) Greenfield Project
4 127 (4.62%) Algorithms
5 97 (3.53%) Self-Motivation
6 88 (3.20%) Mobile App
7 63 (2.29%) Enterprise Software
8 55 (2.00%) Legacy Code
9 37 (1.35%) Legacy Systems
10 36 (1.31%) Client/Server
11 33 (1.20%) Cloud Native
12 30 (1.09%) Equities
12 30 (1.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 30 (1.09%) Social Media
13 25 (0.91%) Robotics
14 22 (0.80%) Hedge funds
14 22 (0.80%) Spread Betting
15 21 (0.76%) NHS
15 21 (0.76%) Wiki
16 20 (0.73%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 454 (16.52%) Linux
2 171 (6.22%) Android
3 152 (5.53%) Windows
4 132 (4.80%) Apple iOS
5 51 (1.86%) Unix
6 19 (0.69%) Mesosphere
7 15 (0.55%) Windows Server 2016
8 13 (0.47%) Ubuntu
9 12 (0.44%) Alpine Linux
10 8 (0.29%) Solaris
11 6 (0.22%) Windows 10
11 6 (0.22%) Windows 7
11 6 (0.22%) Windows 8
12 4 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
12 4 (0.15%) FreeBSD
12 4 (0.15%) Mac OS
12 4 (0.15%) Tizen
12 4 (0.15%) webOS
13 3 (0.11%) Robot Operating System
14 2 (0.073%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,399 (50.91%) OO
2 1,268 (46.14%) Agile Software Development
3 983 (35.77%) Software Engineering
4 646 (23.51%) DevOps
5 621 (22.60%) Microservices
6 506 (18.41%) TDD
7 486 (17.69%) SOLID
8 480 (17.47%) MVC
9 423 (15.39%) Web Development
10 416 (15.14%) Problem-Solving
11 361 (13.14%) Continuous Integration
12 341 (12.41%) Test Automation
13 331 (12.05%) Unit Testing
14 319 (11.61%) Scrum
15 307 (11.17%) Computer Science
16 277 (10.08%) Clean Code
17 263 (9.57%) SDLC
18 239 (8.70%) Software Testing
19 237 (8.62%) Front End Development
20 230 (8.37%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,381 (50.25%) JavaScript
2 1,015 (36.94%) C#
3 921 (33.52%) Java
4 648 (23.58%) Python
5 641 (23.33%) SQL
6 633 (23.03%) PHP
7 286 (10.41%) Go
8 260 (9.46%) TypeScript
9 257 (9.35%) C++
10 203 (7.39%) Ruby
11 197 (7.17%) Java 8
12 146 (5.31%) Kotlin
13 144 (5.24%) Scala
14 112 (4.08%) PHP 7
15 109 (3.97%) ES6
16 96 (3.49%) C
17 65 (2.37%) Apple Swift
18 51 (1.86%) T-SQL
19 50 (1.82%) VB.NET
20 43 (1.56%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 322 (11.72%) Degree
2 194 (7.06%) Computer Science Degree
3 97 (3.53%) CIW
3 97 (3.53%) OCA
3 97 (3.53%) OCP
3 97 (3.53%) Oracle Certification
4 48 (1.75%) Security Cleared
5 39 (1.42%) Master's Degree
6 37 (1.35%) SC Cleared
7 28 (1.02%) Microsoft Certification
8 20 (0.73%) ISTQB
9 5 (0.18%) HNC
9 5 (0.18%) HND
10 3 (0.11%) PhD
11 1 (0.036%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.036%) ISEB
11 1 (0.036%) MCDBA
11 1 (0.036%) MCP
11 1 (0.036%) MCSD
11 1 (0.036%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 226 (8.22%) QA
2 33 (1.20%) Accessibility
3 20 (0.73%) PMO
4 19 (0.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 13 (0.47%) GDPR
6 11 (0.40%) Data Quality
7 9 (0.33%) ISO 9001
7 9 (0.33%) WAI
8 6 (0.22%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.15%) WCAG
10 3 (0.11%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 2 (0.073%) GxP
11 2 (0.073%) PSD2
12 1 (0.036%) HL7
12 1 (0.036%) SLA
System Software
1 741 (26.97%) Docker
2 9 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (0.29%) KVM
4 7 (0.25%) Ceph
5 4 (0.15%) Hyper-V
5 4 (0.15%) LXC
6 3 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.11%) Varnish
6 3 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 468 (17.03%) Kubernetes
2 246 (8.95%) Terraform
3 54 (1.97%) Ansible
4 48 (1.75%) Puppet
5 34 (1.24%) Opscode Chef
6 19 (0.69%) Automic
6 19 (0.69%) Prometheus
7 18 (0.66%) Consul
8 15 (0.55%) Kibana
9 9 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
9 9 (0.33%) logstash
10 7 (0.25%) Galera Cluster
10 7 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
11 5 (0.18%) Istio
11 5 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
12 4 (0.15%) Rundeck
12 4 (0.15%) Salt
13 2 (0.073%) Icinga
13 2 (0.073%) SCCM
14 1 (0.036%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 419 (15.25%) Microsoft
2 243 (8.84%) Oracle
3 101 (3.68%) Google
4 99 (3.60%) Zend
5 87 (3.17%) Samsung
6 54 (1.97%) Salesforce.com
7 32 (1.16%) Atlassian
8 27 (0.98%) Bloomberg
9 24 (0.87%) Adobe
10 23 (0.84%) ANSYS
10 23 (0.84%) Solace
11 18 (0.66%) BT
11 18 (0.66%) SAP
11 18 (0.66%) Splunk
12 16 (0.58%) Apple
12 16 (0.58%) Xamarin
13 10 (0.36%) SaltStack
13 10 (0.36%) VMware
14 9 (0.33%) Sitecore
15 8 (0.29%) Fidessa