Period
to 26 November 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 26 November 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
26 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 120 113 144
Rank change year-on-year -7 +31 -14
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 3,760 1,575 3,387
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.90% 2.90% 2.49%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.07% 3.12% 2.69%
Number of salaries quoted 2,293 1,369 2,870
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £43,750 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £66,250 £67,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £76,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 122,279 50,484 125,788
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 94.34% 92.87% 92.58%
Number of salaries quoted 81,214 42,368 100,870
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +2.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.04% +8.89% -

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 26 November 2021.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 26 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 3,401 £60,000 +9.09% 533
UK excluding London -38 1,745 £52,500 +5.00% 346
London +47 1,699 £72,500 +13.73% 221
Work from Home -29 890 £57,500 - 128
South East -7 655 £55,000 - 73
North of England -78 367 £55,000 +10.00% 83
Midlands +10 294 £47,000 -1.05% 79
South West +16 254 £45,000 -8.16% 57
North West -38 172 £50,000 - 40
West Midlands -14 162 £47,500 - 45
Yorkshire -83 161 £55,000 +10.00% 29
East Midlands +16 132 £46,000 +8.24% 34
East of England -86 89 £51,750 -10.00% 19
Wales -15 45 £55,000 +15.79% 6
Scotland -88 40 £47,500 +5.56% 26
North East -19 35 £60,000 +20.00% 14
Northern Ireland -49 9 £40,000 +6.67% 4

For the 6 months to 26 November 2021, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,243 (59.65%) Agile Software Development
2 1,807 (48.06%) JavaScript
3 1,319 (35.08%) Software Engineering
4 1,268 (33.72%) React
5 1,230 (32.71%) C#
6 1,112 (29.57%) SQL
7 1,103 (29.34%) TDD
8 1,102 (29.31%) HTML
9 1,092 (29.04%) CSS
10 1,069 (28.43%) Azure
11 1,060 (28.19%) Git (software)
12 1,022 (27.18%) .NET
13 951 (25.29%) DevOps
14 943 (25.08%) Java
15 883 (23.48%) AWS
16 871 (23.16%) Docker
17 847 (22.53%) Social Skills
18 781 (20.77%) Full Stack Development
19 761 (20.24%) Finance
20 734 (19.52%) AngularJS
21 721 (19.18%) SQL Server
22 714 (18.99%) Node.js
23 707 (18.80%) Microservices
24 692 (18.40%) Kubernetes
25 685 (18.22%) REST
26 675 (17.95%) Test Automation
27 648 (17.23%) Python
28 636 (16.91%) OO
29 634 (16.86%) TypeScript
30 631 (16.78%) Scrum

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 153 (4.07%) CMS
2 129 (3.43%) Elasticsearch
3 120 (3.19%) Apache
4 105 (2.79%) Confluence
5 92 (2.45%) IIS
6 87 (2.31%) WordPress
7 84 (2.23%) Apache Spark
8 78 (2.07%) Umbraco
9 73 (1.94%) EPiServer
10 72 (1.91%) Apache Solr
11 63 (1.68%) Sitecore CMS
12 62 (1.65%) Headless CMS
13 60 (1.60%) Kentico
14 43 (1.14%) nginx
15 38 (1.01%) Tomcat
16 17 (0.45%) Apache Airflow
17 16 (0.43%) MS Exchange
18 15 (0.40%) SharePoint
19 13 (0.35%) GemFire
20 12 (0.32%) JBoss
Applications
1 34 (0.90%) Sketch
2 29 (0.77%) Microsoft Excel
3 24 (0.64%) Figma
4 23 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
5 18 (0.48%) InVision
6 14 (0.37%) Campfire
7 4 (0.11%) Zeplin
8 3 (0.080%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 3 (0.080%) Simulink
9 1 (0.027%) Adobe XD
9 1 (0.027%) InDesign
9 1 (0.027%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 44 (1.17%) Magento
2 38 (1.01%) Payment Gateway
3 31 (0.82%) Shopify
4 23 (0.61%) NetSuite
5 15 (0.40%) SAP S/4HANA
6 14 (0.37%) SAP Business ByDesign
7 13 (0.35%) Dynamics AX
8 10 (0.27%) MetaTrader
9 9 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
10 8 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
10 8 (0.21%) SAP HR
11 5 (0.13%) R3 Corda
11 5 (0.13%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 4 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
13 3 (0.080%) FastStats
13 3 (0.080%) FastStats PeopleStage
13 3 (0.080%) Loan IQ
13 3 (0.080%) Oracle ERP
14 1 (0.027%) iTrent
14 1 (0.027%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 1,069 (28.43%) Azure
2 883 (23.48%) AWS
3 477 (12.69%) GCP
4 266 (7.07%) SaaS
5 208 (5.53%) GitHub
6 198 (5.27%) Serverless
7 154 (4.10%) AWS CloudFormation
8 146 (3.88%) npm
9 89 (2.37%) AWS Lambda
10 85 (2.26%) Amazon SQS
11 76 (2.02%) Power Platform
12 75 (1.99%) OpenShift
13 70 (1.86%) PaaS
14 66 (1.76%) Yarn
15 61 (1.62%) Slack
16 58 (1.54%) Amazon EC2
17 55 (1.46%) Amazon S3
18 54 (1.44%) Cloud Computing
19 50 (1.33%) Azure Service Bus
20 45 (1.20%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 179 (4.76%) HTTP
2 112 (2.98%) Broadband
3 36 (0.96%) SSL
4 26 (0.69%) MQTT
5 23 (0.61%) TCP/IP
6 21 (0.56%) FTP
7 19 (0.51%) Internet
8 18 (0.48%) SMTP
9 16 (0.43%) DNS
10 10 (0.27%) Firewall
11 9 (0.24%) SSH
12 7 (0.19%) RIP
12 7 (0.19%) Wireshark
13 6 (0.16%) Reverse Proxy
14 5 (0.13%) NFC
14 5 (0.13%) PPP
14 5 (0.13%) VoIP
15 4 (0.11%) Modbus
15 4 (0.11%) RS-422
15 4 (0.11%) RS-485
Database & Business Intelligence
1 721 (19.18%) SQL Server
2 386 (10.27%) MySQL
3 345 (9.18%) NoSQL
4 304 (8.09%) Relational Database
5 293 (7.79%) PostgreSQL
6 197 (5.24%) Redis
7 178 (4.73%) MongoDB
8 136 (3.62%) Big Data
9 121 (3.22%) RDBMS
10 102 (2.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 101 (2.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 85 (2.26%) Hadoop
13 68 (1.81%) Power BI
14 67 (1.78%) Data Warehouse
14 67 (1.78%) MariaDB
15 60 (1.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 55 (1.46%) Tableau
17 46 (1.22%) Data Lake
18 45 (1.20%) Neo4j
19 43 (1.14%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 1,060 (28.19%) Git (software)
2 435 (11.57%) Jenkins
3 323 (8.59%) JIRA
4 229 (6.09%) JUnit
5 219 (5.82%) Selenium
6 201 (5.35%) NUnit
7 197 (5.24%) webpack
8 165 (4.39%) Cypress.io
9 156 (4.15%) Moq
10 149 (3.96%) Visual Studio
11 145 (3.86%) Team Foundation Server
12 131 (3.48%) Maven
13 127 (3.38%) Octopus Deploy
14 110 (2.93%) Mockito
15 101 (2.69%) GitLab
16 96 (2.55%) PHPUnit
17 86 (2.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 84 (2.23%) Postman
19 83 (2.21%) Jasmine
20 81 (2.15%) Mocha
General
1 847 (22.53%) Social Skills
2 761 (20.24%) Finance
3 248 (6.60%) Analytical Skills
4 206 (5.48%) Banking
5 166 (4.41%) Games
6 147 (3.91%) Retail
7 135 (3.59%) Marketing
8 77 (2.05%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 77 (2.05%) Law
9 73 (1.94%) Manufacturing
10 51 (1.36%) Retail Banking
11 45 (1.20%) Financial Institution
12 41 (1.09%) Investment Banking
13 36 (0.96%) Telecoms
14 32 (0.85%) Advertising
15 31 (0.82%) Public Sector
15 31 (0.82%) Publishing
16 29 (0.77%) Electronics
17 25 (0.66%) Legal
18 23 (0.61%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 2,304 (61.28%) Developer
2 692 (18.40%) Software Engineer
3 529 (14.07%) Senior Developer
4 375 (9.97%) .NET Developer
5 283 (7.53%) Software Developer
6 282 (7.50%) React Developer
7 270 (7.18%) Java Developer
8 260 (6.91%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 255 (6.78%) Full Stack Developer
10 253 (6.73%) PHP Developer
11 251 (6.68%) Senior Software Engineer
12 209 (5.56%) C# Developer
13 135 (3.59%) C# .NET Developer
14 105 (2.79%) JavaScript Developer
15 100 (2.66%) Senior Java Developer
16 91 (2.42%) Lead Developer
17 84 (2.23%) Web Developer
18 73 (1.94%) .NET Software Developer
19 72 (1.91%) Data Engineer
19 72 (1.91%) Senior React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,268 (33.72%) React
2 1,102 (29.31%) HTML
3 1,092 (29.04%) CSS
4 1,022 (27.18%) .NET
5 734 (19.52%) AngularJS
6 714 (18.99%) Node.js
7 685 (18.22%) REST
8 536 (14.26%) .NET Core
9 481 (12.79%) Web Services
10 430 (11.44%) RESTful
11 374 (9.95%) .NET Framework
12 365 (9.71%) Spring
13 360 (9.57%) Jest
14 353 (9.39%) HTML5
15 332 (8.83%) Redux
16 310 (8.24%) Vue.js
17 301 (8.01%) jQuery
18 285 (7.58%) ASP.NET
19 268 (7.13%) Kafka
20 235 (6.25%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 463 (12.31%) User Experience
2 247 (6.57%) Self-Motivation
3 209 (5.56%) Mobile App
4 188 (5.00%) Algorithms
5 152 (4.04%) Data Structures
6 141 (3.75%) Greenfield Project
7 123 (3.27%) Legacy Code
8 102 (2.71%) Enterprise Software
9 60 (1.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 59 (1.57%) Embedded Systems
11 54 (1.44%) Cloud Native
12 52 (1.38%) Management Information System
12 52 (1.38%) Over-the-Top Content
13 51 (1.36%) Linux Command Line
14 49 (1.30%) Social Media
15 43 (1.14%) N-Tier
16 41 (1.09%) Video\Live Streaming
17 40 (1.06%) STB
18 36 (0.96%) Virtual Team
19 35 (0.93%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 467 (12.42%) Linux
2 335 (8.91%) Android
3 296 (7.87%) Apple iOS
4 269 (7.15%) Windows
5 92 (2.45%) Unix
6 61 (1.62%) Windows Server
7 16 (0.43%) Embedded Linux
8 15 (0.40%) Ubuntu
9 10 (0.27%) VMS
10 9 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 6 (0.16%) Debian
12 5 (0.13%) CentOS
13 4 (0.11%) FreeRTOS
13 4 (0.11%) Mac OS
13 4 (0.11%) Mac OS X
14 3 (0.080%) SafeRTOS
15 1 (0.027%) Fedora
15 1 (0.027%) tvOS
15 1 (0.027%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,243 (59.65%) Agile Software Development
2 1,319 (35.08%) Software Engineering
3 1,103 (29.34%) TDD
4 951 (25.29%) DevOps
5 781 (20.77%) Full Stack Development
6 707 (18.80%) Microservices
7 675 (17.95%) Test Automation
8 636 (16.91%) OO
9 631 (16.78%) Scrum
10 582 (15.48%) Continuous Integration
11 544 (14.47%) Problem-Solving
12 513 (13.64%) Front End Development
13 505 (13.43%) MVC
14 475 (12.63%) Computer Science
15 417 (11.09%) OOP
16 393 (10.45%) Web Development
17 373 (9.92%) SDLC
18 372 (9.89%) Mentoring
19 370 (9.84%) BDD
20 362 (9.63%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,807 (48.06%) JavaScript
2 1,230 (32.71%) C#
3 1,112 (29.57%) SQL
4 943 (25.08%) Java
5 648 (17.23%) Python
6 634 (16.86%) TypeScript
7 430 (11.44%) PHP
8 321 (8.54%) C++
9 221 (5.88%) Kotlin
10 177 (4.71%) C
11 175 (4.65%) Go
12 165 (4.39%) Scala
13 141 (3.75%) Java 8
14 140 (3.72%) Ruby
15 138 (3.67%) PowerShell
16 134 (3.56%) T-SQL
17 132 (3.51%) ES6
18 122 (3.24%) Bash Shell
19 95 (2.53%) PHP 7
20 89 (2.37%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 442 (11.76%) Degree
2 183 (4.87%) Computer Science Degree
3 115 (3.06%) Security Cleared
4 94 (2.50%) HND
5 77 (2.05%) SC Cleared
6 31 (0.82%) HNC
7 25 (0.66%) Master's Degree
8 24 (0.64%) OCP
8 24 (0.64%) Oracle Certification
9 22 (0.59%) Microsoft Certification
10 13 (0.35%) DV Cleared
11 9 (0.24%) SAFe Agilist
12 6 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
13 3 (0.080%) CTC Cleared
13 3 (0.080%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 3 (0.080%) MCSE
13 3 (0.080%) PMI Certification
14 2 (0.053%) CCNA
14 2 (0.053%) Cisco Certification
14 2 (0.053%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 451 (11.99%) QA
2 132 (3.51%) Accessibility
3 40 (1.06%) MISRA
4 37 (0.98%) ECSS
4 37 (0.98%) MISRA C
4 37 (0.98%) WCAG
5 34 (0.90%) PCI DSS
6 31 (0.82%) PSD2
7 20 (0.53%) GDPR
8 17 (0.45%) SLA
9 14 (0.37%) Data Quality
10 13 (0.35%) ISO 13485
11 11 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 8 (0.21%) IEC 62304
13 7 (0.19%) PA-DSS
14 3 (0.080%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 3 (0.080%) ISO 26262
14 3 (0.080%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 1 (0.027%) Def Stans
15 1 (0.027%) ITGC
System Software
1 871 (23.16%) Docker
2 35 (0.93%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 24 (0.64%) VirtualBox
4 19 (0.51%) HDFS
5 8 (0.21%) Varnish
6 6 (0.16%) Active Directory
7 5 (0.13%) Firmware
8 2 (0.053%) LXC
8 2 (0.053%) VMware Infrastructure
9 1 (0.027%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.027%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 692 (18.40%) Kubernetes
2 317 (8.43%) Terraform
3 121 (3.22%) Grafana
4 114 (3.03%) Ansible
5 64 (1.70%) Opscode Chef
6 50 (1.33%) Prometheus
7 45 (1.20%) Kibana
8 32 (0.85%) Opsgenie
9 29 (0.77%) logstash
10 28 (0.74%) Hadoop YARN
11 25 (0.66%) Graphite
12 24 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
13 20 (0.53%) HAProxy
13 20 (0.53%) Pingdom
13 20 (0.53%) ZABBIX
14 17 (0.45%) MIIS
15 13 (0.35%) Bugsnag
16 12 (0.32%) Graylog
17 11 (0.29%) Mesos
18 10 (0.27%) Puppet
Vendors
1 450 (11.97%) Microsoft
2 317 (8.43%) Google
3 155 (4.12%) Oracle
4 66 (1.76%) Sitecore
5 65 (1.73%) SAP
6 56 (1.49%) Atlassian
6 56 (1.49%) Salesforce.com
7 43 (1.14%) WooCommerce
8 40 (1.06%) Cloudera
8 40 (1.06%) Hortonworks
9 37 (0.98%) New Relic
10 35 (0.93%) Databricks
11 29 (0.77%) Red Hat
11 29 (0.77%) Zend
12 28 (0.74%) IBM
12 28 (0.74%) VMware
13 27 (0.72%) MuleSoft
13 27 (0.72%) Rackspace
14 24 (0.64%) Apple
15 23 (0.61%) Facebook