Period
to 23 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 23 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
23 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 118 120 126
Rank change year-on-year +2 +6 +12
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 4,910 4,603 5,489
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.79% 2.62% 2.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.10% 2.93% 2.92%
Number of salaries quoted 4,215 4,127 4,845
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 158,369 157,147 187,706
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.88% 89.53% 88.83%
Number of salaries quoted 128,702 129,388 155,466
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 23 February 2018.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 23 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 4,651 £50,000 +5.26% 720
UK excluding London +4 3,046 £45,000 +5.88% 498
London +11 1,807 £57,500 -4.17% 267
South East +9 1,063 £47,000 -1.05% 106
North of England -12 615 £44,000 +10.00% 144
Midlands +38 500 £42,500 +6.25% 90
East of England +8 382 £50,000 +5.26% 66
North West -39 316 £45,000 +5.88% 81
South West -28 287 £45,000 +12.50% 47
Yorkshire +19 261 £45,000 +12.50% 52
East Midlands +36 252 £43,000 +14.67% 55
West Midlands +25 248 £40,000 - 35
Scotland -1 163 £45,000 - 30
North East -31 38 £31,250 +38.89% 11
Wales -33 28 £38,000 +11.76% 12
Northern Ireland -4 14 £35,000 -30.00% 3

For the 6 months to 23 February 2018, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,901 (59.08%) Agile Software Development
2 2,360 (48.07%) JavaScript
3 2,155 (43.89%) C#
4 1,918 (39.06%) .NET
5 1,839 (37.45%) HTML
6 1,816 (36.99%) SQL
7 1,597 (32.53%) CSS
8 1,543 (31.43%) TDD
9 1,532 (31.20%) MVC
10 1,417 (28.86%) Java
11 1,332 (27.13%) SQL Server
12 1,191 (24.26%) Scrum
13 1,176 (23.95%) AngularJS
14 1,121 (22.83%) Software Engineering
15 1,118 (22.77%) ASP.NET
16 1,094 (22.28%) Git (software)
17 1,082 (22.04%) Test Automation
18 1,014 (20.65%) Finance
19 983 (20.02%) jQuery
20 938 (19.10%) Continuous Integration
21 936 (19.06%) Web Services
22 847 (17.25%) OO
23 835 (17.01%) Degree
24 823 (16.76%) Microsoft
25 751 (15.30%) HTML5
26 739 (15.05%) RESTful
27 660 (13.44%) ASP.NET MVC
28 652 (13.28%) SDLC
29 648 (13.20%) .NET Framework
30 645 (13.14%) Web Development

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 235 (4.79%) CMS
2 162 (3.30%) Elasticsearch
3 126 (2.57%) Tomcat
4 116 (2.36%) Apache
5 110 (2.24%) IIS
6 81 (1.65%) Umbraco
7 80 (1.63%) JBoss
8 77 (1.57%) Apache Spark
9 65 (1.32%) SharePoint
10 62 (1.26%) Confluence
11 48 (0.98%) Drupal
12 43 (0.88%) WebSphere
13 42 (0.86%) Apache Solr
14 41 (0.84%) OpenStack
15 35 (0.71%) WordPress
16 33 (0.67%) WebLogic
17 28 (0.57%) Jetty
18 27 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 27 (0.55%) WebSphere Application Server
19 24 (0.49%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 98 (2.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 60 (1.22%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (0.61%) Photoshop
4 10 (0.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 10 (0.20%) Simulink
5 9 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.10%) Doxygen
6 5 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.061%) EngageOne
8 2 (0.041%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.041%) S-PLUS
8 2 (0.041%) XMetaL
9 1 (0.020%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 49 (1.00%) Dynamics CRM
2 27 (0.55%) Distributed Ledger
3 20 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
4 16 (0.33%) Dynamics GP
5 14 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
6 13 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 11 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
8 9 (0.18%) NetSuite
9 7 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
9 7 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
10 6 (0.12%) Magento
11 4 (0.081%) SAP S/4HANA
12 3 (0.061%) BusinessWorks
12 3 (0.061%) Exstream
12 3 (0.061%) Kondor
12 3 (0.061%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
13 2 (0.041%) Elite 3E
13 2 (0.041%) Oracle EBS R12
14 1 (0.020%) SAP Hybris
14 1 (0.020%) Tradar
Cloud Services
1 544 (11.08%) Microsoft Azure
2 524 (10.67%) Amazon AWS
3 163 (3.32%) GitHub
3 163 (3.32%) SaaS
4 114 (2.32%) npm
5 56 (1.14%) Cloud Computing
5 56 (1.14%) Serverless
6 49 (1.00%) Amazon S3
7 46 (0.94%) PaaS
8 39 (0.79%) Amazon EC2
9 32 (0.65%) Amazon ElastiCache
10 30 (0.61%) Google Cloud Platform
11 27 (0.55%) AWS CloudFormation
12 25 (0.51%) Heroku
13 23 (0.47%) Slack
14 22 (0.45%) Trello
15 21 (0.43%) AWS Lambda
16 20 (0.41%) IaaS
17 19 (0.39%) Office 365
18 17 (0.35%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 99 (2.02%) Internet
2 97 (1.98%) HTTP
3 55 (1.12%) TCP/IP
4 40 (0.81%) Intranet
5 29 (0.59%) Firewall
6 26 (0.53%) DNS
7 18 (0.37%) SSL
8 16 (0.33%) Broadband
8 16 (0.33%) FTP
8 16 (0.33%) SMPP
8 16 (0.33%) Wireless
9 11 (0.22%) SMS
10 10 (0.20%) Skype
11 6 (0.12%) AMQP
11 6 (0.12%) Unified Communications
11 6 (0.12%) VoIP
11 6 (0.12%) WPA
12 5 (0.10%) HTTPS
12 5 (0.10%) IPsec
12 5 (0.10%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,332 (27.13%) SQL Server
2 528 (10.75%) NoSQL
3 429 (8.74%) MySQL
4 305 (6.21%) Relational Database
5 227 (4.62%) MongoDB
6 192 (3.91%) PostgreSQL
7 183 (3.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 165 (3.36%) Big Data
9 150 (3.05%) Data Warehouse
9 150 (3.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 110 (2.24%) Redis
11 107 (2.18%) RDBMS
12 101 (2.06%) SQL Server 2012
13 99 (2.02%) Hadoop
14 93 (1.89%) Apache Cassandra
15 92 (1.87%) SQL Server 2008
16 91 (1.85%) Oracle Database
17 85 (1.73%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 76 (1.55%) SQL Server 2016
19 71 (1.45%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 1,094 (22.28%) Git (software)
2 536 (10.92%) Jenkins
3 468 (9.53%) Visual Studio
4 412 (8.39%) Team Foundation Server
5 388 (7.90%) Selenium
6 364 (7.41%) Subversion
7 343 (6.99%) JIRA
8 341 (6.95%) JUnit
9 257 (5.23%) NUnit
10 232 (4.73%) Maven
11 218 (4.44%) webpack
12 215 (4.38%) TeamCity
13 191 (3.89%) gulp
14 165 (3.36%) Grunt
15 160 (3.26%) Cucumber
16 120 (2.44%) Jasmine
17 100 (2.04%) Moq
17 100 (2.04%) WebDriver
18 99 (2.02%) Mockito
19 96 (1.96%) MSTest
General
1 1,014 (20.65%) Finance
2 265 (5.40%) Banking
3 255 (5.19%) Retail
4 153 (3.12%) Games
5 125 (2.55%) Marketing
6 80 (1.63%) Advertising
7 75 (1.53%) Telecoms
8 72 (1.47%) Law
9 70 (1.43%) Publishing
10 65 (1.32%) Investment Banking
11 64 (1.30%) Financial Institution
11 64 (1.30%) Front Office
12 54 (1.10%) Legal
13 45 (0.92%) Back Office
14 37 (0.75%) Manufacturing
15 36 (0.73%) Electronics
16 29 (0.59%) Automotive
17 23 (0.47%) Retail Banking
18 22 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
19 19 (0.39%) Billing
Job Titles
1 3,745 (76.27%) Developer
2 1,038 (21.14%) .NET Developer
3 863 (17.58%) C# Developer
4 860 (17.52%) Senior Developer
5 641 (13.05%) Java Developer
6 596 (12.14%) Software Developer
7 523 (10.65%) C# .NET Developer
8 446 (9.08%) Software Engineer
9 318 (6.48%) JavaScript Developer
10 279 (5.68%) ASP.NET Developer
10 279 (5.68%) Lead Developer
11 278 (5.66%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 277 (5.64%) C# Software Developer
13 257 (5.23%) SQL Developer
14 237 (4.83%) C# ASP.NET Developer
15 231 (4.70%) Senior .NET Developer
16 221 (4.50%) Web Developer
17 219 (4.46%) Full Stack Developer
18 216 (4.40%) .NET Software Developer
19 207 (4.22%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,918 (39.06%) .NET
2 1,839 (37.45%) HTML
3 1,597 (32.53%) CSS
4 1,176 (23.95%) AngularJS
5 1,118 (22.77%) ASP.NET
6 983 (20.02%) jQuery
7 936 (19.06%) Web Services
8 751 (15.30%) HTML5
9 739 (15.05%) RESTful
10 660 (13.44%) ASP.NET MVC
11 648 (13.20%) .NET Framework
12 616 (12.55%) REST
13 563 (11.47%) ASP.NET Web API
14 552 (11.24%) React
15 513 (10.45%) Spring
16 475 (9.67%) WCF
17 451 (9.19%) XML
18 440 (8.96%) Node.js
19 439 (8.94%) CSS3
20 395 (8.04%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 533 (10.86%) Computer Science
2 430 (8.76%) User Experience
3 317 (6.46%) Analytical Skills
4 264 (5.38%) Greenfield Project
5 253 (5.15%) Mobile App
6 223 (4.54%) Fintech
7 209 (4.26%) Enterprise Software
8 119 (2.42%) Algorithms
9 105 (2.14%) Management Information System
10 70 (1.43%) N-Tier
11 62 (1.26%) Client/Server
12 52 (1.06%) Data Structures
13 44 (0.90%) Linux Command Line
13 44 (0.90%) Social Media
14 43 (0.88%) BBC
15 35 (0.71%) Hedge funds
16 32 (0.65%) Robotics
16 32 (0.65%) Virtual Team
17 31 (0.63%) iPhone
18 29 (0.59%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 507 (10.33%) Linux
2 404 (8.23%) Windows
3 227 (4.62%) Android
4 224 (4.56%) Unix
5 211 (4.30%) Apple iOS
6 33 (0.67%) Windows Server
7 27 (0.55%) Debian
8 20 (0.41%) Mac OS X
9 12 (0.24%) Mac OS
10 10 (0.20%) Ubuntu
11 9 (0.18%) Nucleus RTOS
12 6 (0.12%) CentOS
12 6 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
13 5 (0.10%) FreeRTOS
13 5 (0.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 5 (0.10%) SafeRTOS
13 5 (0.10%) Solaris
13 5 (0.10%) Windows Embedded Compact
13 5 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.061%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,901 (59.08%) Agile Software Development
2 1,543 (31.43%) TDD
3 1,532 (31.20%) MVC
4 1,191 (24.26%) Scrum
5 1,121 (22.83%) Software Engineering
6 1,082 (22.04%) Test Automation
7 938 (19.10%) Continuous Integration
8 847 (17.25%) OO
9 652 (13.28%) SDLC
10 645 (13.14%) Web Development
11 614 (12.51%) BDD
12 479 (9.76%) Front End Development
13 454 (9.25%) OOP
14 432 (8.80%) Microservices
15 427 (8.70%) Mentoring
16 413 (8.41%) DevOps
17 309 (6.29%) E-Commerce
18 288 (5.87%) Analytics
19 279 (5.68%) Integration Testing
20 269 (5.48%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 2,360 (48.07%) JavaScript
2 2,155 (43.89%) C#
3 1,816 (36.99%) SQL
4 1,417 (28.86%) Java
5 514 (10.47%) Python
6 444 (9.04%) T-SQL
7 392 (7.98%) PHP
8 386 (7.86%) C++
9 187 (3.81%) C
9 187 (3.81%) Scala
10 151 (3.08%) TypeScript
11 145 (2.95%) VB.NET
12 141 (2.87%) Ruby
13 136 (2.77%) Bash Shell
13 136 (2.77%) ES6
14 111 (2.26%) PL/SQL
15 108 (2.20%) Objective-C
16 93 (1.89%) Apple Swift
17 87 (1.77%) PowerShell
18 64 (1.30%) Go
Qualifications
1 835 (17.01%) Degree
2 251 (5.11%) Computer Science Degree
3 70 (1.43%) Security Cleared
4 47 (0.96%) ISEB
4 47 (0.96%) ISTQB
5 39 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
6 33 (0.67%) Sun Certification
7 27 (0.55%) Master's Degree
8 25 (0.51%) DV Cleared
8 25 (0.51%) SC Cleared
9 17 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
10 15 (0.31%) HND
11 13 (0.26%) PMI Certification
12 11 (0.22%) AWS Certification
12 11 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 9 (0.18%) MCP
14 6 (0.12%) Postgraduate
15 4 (0.081%) DBS Check
15 4 (0.081%) MCPD
15 4 (0.081%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 579 (11.79%) QA
2 23 (0.47%) WCAG
3 14 (0.29%) PCI DSS
4 13 (0.26%) MiFID
4 13 (0.26%) PSD2
5 12 (0.24%) EMIR
5 12 (0.24%) MISRA
6 11 (0.22%) IEC 62304
6 11 (0.22%) ISO 9001
6 11 (0.22%) MISRA C
6 11 (0.22%) Web Application Security Consortium
7 8 (0.16%) IEC 61508
8 7 (0.14%) SLA
9 5 (0.10%) ISO 13485
10 4 (0.081%) Data Quality
10 4 (0.081%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 4 (0.081%) PMO
10 4 (0.081%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.061%) GAMP
11 3 (0.061%) GCP
System Software
1 300 (6.11%) Docker
2 30 (0.61%) VMware Infrastructure
3 23 (0.47%) Firmware
4 18 (0.37%) Active Directory
5 10 (0.20%) HDFS
6 7 (0.14%) Apache Flume
7 4 (0.081%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 4 (0.081%) VirtualBox
8 3 (0.061%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.041%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.041%) KVM
9 2 (0.041%) Samba
9 2 (0.041%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 2 (0.041%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.020%) Varnish
10 1 (0.020%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 108 (2.20%) Ansible
2 104 (2.12%) Puppet
3 90 (1.83%) Opscode Chef
4 60 (1.22%) Terraform
5 45 (0.92%) Kubernetes
6 33 (0.67%) Kibana
7 28 (0.57%) Packer
8 22 (0.45%) logstash
9 21 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
10 19 (0.39%) Marathon
11 17 (0.35%) Hadoop YARN
11 17 (0.35%) HP ALM
12 13 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
13 8 (0.16%) Salt
14 6 (0.12%) Grafana
14 6 (0.12%) StatsD
15 4 (0.081%) Endace
15 4 (0.081%) HP Data Protector
15 4 (0.081%) Mesos
15 4 (0.081%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 823 (16.76%) Microsoft
2 418 (8.51%) Oracle
3 168 (3.42%) Google
4 85 (1.73%) IBM
5 76 (1.55%) Zend
6 70 (1.43%) Apple
7 66 (1.34%) Xamarin
8 64 (1.30%) Capita
9 62 (1.26%) Twitter
10 47 (0.96%) SAP
11 45 (0.92%) Sitecore
12 42 (0.86%) Sony
13 35 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
13 35 (0.71%) Tableau
14 34 (0.69%) Facebook
14 34 (0.69%) VMware
15 30 (0.61%) HP
16 25 (0.51%) Adobe
16 25 (0.51%) RedGate
17 24 (0.49%) Cognos