Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 114 111 132
Rank change year-on-year -3 +21 -11
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 4,733 5,074 5,060
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.80% 2.88% 2.57%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.07% 3.14% 2.83%
Number of salaries quoted 3,937 4,214 4,410
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £32,000
90th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% -5.56% +5.88%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 153,945 161,370 178,990
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.10% 91.55% 90.82%
Number of salaries quoted 122,592 128,232 149,403
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £29,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 4,366 £50,000 +5.26% 704
UK excluding London +6 3,025 £45,000 +5.88% 510
London -27 1,585 £60,000 - 233
South East +12 1,017 £47,500 +7.95% 116
North of England +34 731 £45,000 +5.88% 132
South West +10 373 £45,000 +12.50% 83
Midlands -17 368 £45,000 +12.50% 81
North West -9 341 £45,000 +5.88% 80
Yorkshire +81 322 £45,000 +5.88% 40
East of England -17 276 £47,500 - 58
East Midlands +21 211 £42,500 - 38
Scotland -5 203 £45,000 +5.88% 24
West Midlands -55 157 £45,000 +12.50% 43
North East +17 68 £47,500 +10.47% 12
Wales -3 50 £38,750 -14.40% 9
Northern Ireland -1 10 £56,250 +40.63% 7

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,637 (55.72%) Agile Software Development
2 2,346 (49.57%) C#
3 2,286 (48.30%) JavaScript
4 2,031 (42.91%) .NET
5 1,868 (39.47%) HTML
6 1,864 (39.38%) SQL
7 1,705 (36.02%) CSS
8 1,563 (33.02%) MVC
9 1,558 (32.92%) TDD
10 1,331 (28.12%) SQL Server
11 1,239 (26.18%) Java
12 1,235 (26.09%) Git (software)
13 1,222 (25.82%) AngularJS
14 1,145 (24.19%) Software Engineering
15 1,125 (23.77%) ASP.NET
16 1,053 (22.25%) Continuous Integration
17 1,038 (21.93%) Scrum
18 952 (20.11%) Finance
19 930 (19.65%) Test Automation
20 904 (19.10%) Microsoft
21 868 (18.34%) jQuery
22 827 (17.47%) HTML5
23 823 (17.39%) Web Services
24 766 (16.18%) ASP.NET MVC
25 747 (15.78%) Degree
26 744 (15.72%) OO
27 737 (15.57%) .NET Framework
28 734 (15.51%) Microsoft Azure
29 607 (12.82%) REST
30 599 (12.66%) Python

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 164 (3.47%) CMS
2 142 (3.00%) Elasticsearch
3 124 (2.62%) Apache
4 122 (2.58%) Confluence
5 116 (2.45%) IIS
6 102 (2.16%) Tomcat
7 81 (1.71%) JBoss
8 74 (1.56%) Apache Spark
9 60 (1.27%) MQSeries
10 58 (1.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 57 (1.20%) SharePoint
12 51 (1.08%) Drupal
12 51 (1.08%) Umbraco
13 43 (0.91%) NServiceBus
14 38 (0.80%) WebLogic
15 35 (0.74%) nginx
16 30 (0.63%) Sitecore CMS
17 22 (0.46%) Apache Solr
18 19 (0.40%) BizTalk Server
18 19 (0.40%) WildFly
Applications
1 96 (2.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (0.38%) Photoshop
3 11 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.13%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.085%) Acrobat
6 4 (0.085%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 4 (0.085%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.063%) LibreOffice
7 3 (0.063%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.021%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.021%) Fireworks
8 1 (0.021%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.021%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 34 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.30%) Oracle Assets
2 14 (0.30%) Oracle EBS R12
2 14 (0.30%) Oracle Financials
2 14 (0.30%) Oracle General Ledger
2 14 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
3 13 (0.27%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 12 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
4 12 (0.25%) Magento
5 10 (0.21%) Oracle Retail
6 9 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
7 8 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
7 8 (0.17%) Oracle AGIS
7 8 (0.17%) Oracle Internet Expenses
7 8 (0.17%) Oracle iProcurement
7 8 (0.17%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 8 (0.17%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 8 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
8 6 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
8 6 (0.13%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 734 (15.51%) Microsoft Azure
2 471 (9.95%) Amazon AWS
3 152 (3.21%) GitHub
4 140 (2.96%) npm
5 135 (2.85%) SaaS
6 78 (1.65%) Google Cloud Platform
6 78 (1.65%) Serverless
7 51 (1.08%) AWS Lambda
8 39 (0.82%) AWS CloudFormation
9 36 (0.76%) IBM Cloud
10 34 (0.72%) Cloud Computing
11 30 (0.63%) NuGet
12 27 (0.57%) Heroku
13 24 (0.51%) PaaS
14 21 (0.44%) Slack
14 21 (0.44%) Trello
15 20 (0.42%) IaaS
16 19 (0.40%) Amazon SQS
17 17 (0.36%) Amazon EMR
17 17 (0.36%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 127 (2.68%) HTTP
2 57 (1.20%) TCP/IP
3 53 (1.12%) Internet
4 44 (0.93%) SSL
5 38 (0.80%) Broadband
6 33 (0.70%) Intranet
6 33 (0.70%) SMS
7 27 (0.57%) VoIP
8 20 (0.42%) 4G
9 19 (0.40%) 3G
10 17 (0.36%) Wireless
11 14 (0.30%) SSH
12 13 (0.27%) DNS
12 13 (0.27%) HTTPS
12 13 (0.27%) SMPP
13 12 (0.25%) Network Security
14 11 (0.23%) AMQP
15 10 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
16 9 (0.19%) Ethernet
16 9 (0.19%) WPA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,331 (28.12%) SQL Server
2 475 (10.04%) NoSQL
3 357 (7.54%) MySQL
4 317 (6.70%) Relational Database
5 225 (4.75%) MongoDB
6 186 (3.93%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 176 (3.72%) PostgreSQL
8 149 (3.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 141 (2.98%) Apache Cassandra
10 124 (2.62%) Data Warehouse
11 121 (2.56%) Big Data
12 115 (2.43%) SQL Server 2012
13 106 (2.24%) Redis
14 94 (1.99%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 91 (1.92%) Power BI
16 90 (1.90%) Hadoop
17 73 (1.54%) SQL Server 2008
18 70 (1.48%) RDBMS
19 69 (1.46%) Bigtable
20 65 (1.37%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 1,235 (26.09%) Git (software)
2 460 (9.72%) Jenkins
3 424 (8.96%) JIRA
4 415 (8.77%) Visual Studio
5 305 (6.44%) Selenium
6 303 (6.40%) Team Foundation Server
7 299 (6.32%) Subversion
8 291 (6.15%) JUnit
9 277 (5.85%) NUnit
10 243 (5.13%) webpack
11 224 (4.73%) gulp
12 223 (4.71%) Maven
13 195 (4.12%) TeamCity
14 185 (3.91%) Grunt
15 157 (3.32%) Cucumber
16 145 (3.06%) Jasmine
17 114 (2.41%) Moq
18 107 (2.26%) Mocha
19 101 (2.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 101 (2.13%) Bitbucket
General
1 952 (20.11%) Finance
2 286 (6.04%) Retail
3 184 (3.89%) Banking
4 157 (3.32%) Games
5 130 (2.75%) Marketing
6 123 (2.60%) Telecoms
7 92 (1.94%) Front Office
7 92 (1.94%) Manufacturing
8 85 (1.80%) Automotive
9 63 (1.33%) Investment Banking
10 62 (1.31%) Law
11 41 (0.87%) Legal
12 39 (0.82%) Back Office
13 35 (0.74%) Financial Institution
14 31 (0.65%) Advertising
15 28 (0.59%) Electronics
16 23 (0.49%) Publishing
17 11 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
18 9 (0.19%) Billing
19 8 (0.17%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 3,432 (72.51%) Developer
2 1,010 (21.34%) .NET Developer
3 926 (19.56%) C# Developer
4 749 (15.83%) Senior Developer
5 645 (13.63%) Software Developer
6 547 (11.56%) Software Engineer
7 540 (11.41%) C# .NET Developer
8 501 (10.59%) Java Developer
9 318 (6.72%) JavaScript Developer
10 297 (6.28%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 280 (5.92%) C# Software Developer
12 254 (5.37%) Senior .NET Developer
13 248 (5.24%) Full Stack Developer
14 243 (5.13%) SQL Developer
15 240 (5.07%) ASP.NET Developer
16 233 (4.92%) Lead Developer
17 219 (4.63%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 215 (4.54%) .NET Software Developer
19 204 (4.31%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
20 182 (3.85%) Senior C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,031 (42.91%) .NET
2 1,868 (39.47%) HTML
3 1,705 (36.02%) CSS
4 1,222 (25.82%) AngularJS
5 1,125 (23.77%) ASP.NET
6 868 (18.34%) jQuery
7 827 (17.47%) HTML5
8 823 (17.39%) Web Services
9 766 (16.18%) ASP.NET MVC
10 737 (15.57%) .NET Framework
11 607 (12.82%) REST
12 582 (12.30%) ASP.NET Web API
13 563 (11.90%) RESTful
14 558 (11.79%) React
15 532 (11.24%) XML
16 499 (10.54%) Entity Framework
17 479 (10.12%) CSS3
18 457 (9.66%) Spring
19 456 (9.63%) WCF
20 402 (8.49%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 433 (9.15%) Computer Science
2 398 (8.41%) User Experience
3 353 (7.46%) Analytical Skills
4 322 (6.80%) Mobile App
5 226 (4.77%) Greenfield Project
6 202 (4.27%) Fintech
7 198 (4.18%) Enterprise Software
8 151 (3.19%) Self-Motivation
9 124 (2.62%) Algorithms
10 99 (2.09%) Data Structures
11 86 (1.82%) Virtual Team
12 57 (1.20%) N-Tier
13 53 (1.12%) Management Information System
14 51 (1.08%) Equities
15 48 (1.01%) Embedded Systems
16 47 (0.99%) Client/Server
17 45 (0.95%) Linux Command Line
18 41 (0.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 32 (0.68%) Derivative
20 31 (0.65%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 433 (9.15%) Linux
2 399 (8.43%) Windows
3 203 (4.29%) Android
4 161 (3.40%) Apple iOS
5 155 (3.27%) Unix
6 43 (0.91%) Windows Server
7 22 (0.46%) Mac OS
8 14 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 10 (0.21%) Embedded Linux
10 9 (0.19%) CentOS
10 9 (0.19%) Nucleus RTOS
11 6 (0.13%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.11%) Mac OS X
12 5 (0.11%) Windows 7
12 5 (0.11%) Windows 8
13 3 (0.063%) Solaris
13 3 (0.063%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.042%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.042%) Windows Server 2012
15 1 (0.021%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,637 (55.72%) Agile Software Development
2 1,563 (33.02%) MVC
3 1,558 (32.92%) TDD
4 1,145 (24.19%) Software Engineering
5 1,053 (22.25%) Continuous Integration
6 1,038 (21.93%) Scrum
7 930 (19.65%) Test Automation
8 744 (15.72%) OO
9 591 (12.49%) BDD
10 550 (11.62%) Problem-Solving
11 535 (11.30%) SDLC
12 476 (10.06%) Front End Development
13 421 (8.89%) Web Development
14 410 (8.66%) Mentoring
15 388 (8.20%) DevOps
16 382 (8.07%) Microservices
17 348 (7.35%) SOA
18 324 (6.85%) OOP
19 264 (5.58%) SOLID
20 259 (5.47%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2,346 (49.57%) C#
2 2,286 (48.30%) JavaScript
3 1,864 (39.38%) SQL
4 1,239 (26.18%) Java
5 599 (12.66%) Python
6 409 (8.64%) T-SQL
7 406 (8.58%) C++
8 361 (7.63%) PHP
9 171 (3.61%) TypeScript
10 165 (3.49%) C
11 152 (3.21%) Ruby
12 140 (2.96%) Java 8
13 114 (2.41%) ES6
14 105 (2.22%) Scala
15 103 (2.18%) PL/SQL
16 97 (2.05%) VB.NET
17 82 (1.73%) Bash Shell
18 76 (1.61%) Groovy
19 73 (1.54%) PowerShell
20 65 (1.37%) VBA
Qualifications
1 747 (15.78%) Degree
2 215 (4.54%) Computer Science Degree
3 133 (2.81%) Security Cleared
4 56 (1.18%) DV Cleared
5 47 (0.99%) SC Cleared
6 26 (0.55%) Numerate Degree
7 23 (0.49%) ISEB
8 21 (0.44%) AWS Certification
8 21 (0.44%) ISTQB
8 21 (0.44%) Master's Degree
9 14 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
10 9 (0.19%) BPSS Clearance
11 7 (0.15%) HND
12 5 (0.11%) DBS Check
12 5 (0.11%) PMI Certification
12 5 (0.11%) Postgraduate
13 4 (0.085%) Sun Certification
14 2 (0.042%) A+ Certification
14 2 (0.042%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 2 (0.042%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 379 (8.01%) QA
2 31 (0.65%) ISO 9001
3 19 (0.40%) WCAG
4 18 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 15 (0.32%) GDPR
6 14 (0.30%) Data Quality
7 11 (0.23%) PMO
7 11 (0.23%) WAI
8 10 (0.21%) PCI DSS
9 8 (0.17%) ARP4754
9 8 (0.17%) SLA
10 6 (0.13%) Web Application Security Consortium
11 4 (0.085%) GCP
11 4 (0.085%) ISO 13485
11 4 (0.085%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 4 (0.085%) SEPA
12 3 (0.063%) HL7
12 3 (0.063%) JTAG
12 3 (0.063%) MISRA
12 3 (0.063%) PA-DSS
System Software
1 315 (6.66%) Docker
2 29 (0.61%) Firmware
2 29 (0.61%) VirtualBox
3 17 (0.36%) Varnish
4 11 (0.23%) Active Directory
5 10 (0.21%) LXC
6 6 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.063%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (0.063%) vSphere
8 2 (0.042%) HDFS
9 1 (0.021%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.021%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.021%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 153 (3.23%) Ansible
2 134 (2.83%) Kubernetes
3 74 (1.56%) Terraform
4 53 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
5 49 (1.04%) Puppet
6 37 (0.78%) HP Quality Center
7 33 (0.70%) Docker Swarm
8 15 (0.32%) HockeyApp
9 12 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
10 10 (0.21%) Marathon
11 8 (0.17%) HAProxy
11 8 (0.17%) Icinga
12 6 (0.13%) SCCM
13 4 (0.085%) Graphite
13 4 (0.085%) Istio
14 3 (0.063%) Kibana
14 3 (0.063%) Prometheus
15 2 (0.042%) Graylog
15 2 (0.042%) Mesos
15 2 (0.042%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 904 (19.10%) Microsoft
2 356 (7.52%) Oracle
3 187 (3.95%) Google
4 99 (2.09%) Xamarin
5 98 (2.07%) Capita
6 70 (1.48%) Atlassian
7 56 (1.18%) Tableau
8 55 (1.16%) IBM
9 42 (0.89%) SAP
9 42 (0.89%) Sitecore
10 39 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
11 34 (0.72%) Apple
12 31 (0.65%) Cloudera
13 30 (0.63%) Hortonworks
14 29 (0.61%) Informatica
14 29 (0.61%) Zend
15 27 (0.57%) Talend
16 25 (0.53%) TIBCO
16 25 (0.53%) Twitter
17 23 (0.49%) Sybase