Period
to 25 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 25 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
25 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 112 133 128
Rank change year-on-year +21 -5 -8
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 1,807 3,195 4,052
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.81% 2.56% 2.67%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.04% 2.78% 2.89%
Number of salaries quoted 1,860 2,824 3,549
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £38,675 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 59,483 115,045 139,991
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.40% 92.10% 92.25%
Number of salaries quoted 47,951 92,143 111,869
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £46,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.52% +2.22% -

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 25 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 1,620 £55,000 +4.76% 361
UK excluding London +8 1,126 £50,000 - 272
London +25 581 £65,000 - 125
South East -1 363 £55,000 +10.00% 66
North of England +49 342 £50,000 +11.11% 75
Work from Home -16 337 £57,500 +4.55% 71
Yorkshire +72 218 £48,750 +8.33% 20
South West -7 144 £50,000 +5.26% 28
North West -18 100 £50,000 - 45
Midlands -30 95 £47,500 -5.00% 43
Scotland +2 75 £47,500 +5.56% 24
East of England +30 70 £55,000 - 21
West Midlands +67 62 £50,000 +13.64% 27
East Midlands -57 33 £42,500 -19.05% 16
North East +34 24 £50,000 +29.03% 10
Wales +33 20 £50,000 +25.00% 10
Isle of Man +1 13 £49,500 +4.21% 2
Northern Ireland -21 5 £36,250 -39.58% 4

For the 6 months to 25 January 2021, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,086 (60.10%) Agile Software Development
2 995 (55.06%) JavaScript
3 725 (40.12%) C#
4 667 (36.91%) .NET
5 633 (35.03%) SQL
6 529 (29.28%) CSS
7 521 (28.83%) HTML
7 521 (28.83%) Azure
8 507 (28.06%) React
9 506 (28.00%) Software Engineering
10 505 (27.95%) TDD
11 499 (27.61%) Git (software)
12 459 (25.40%) AngularJS
13 406 (22.47%) Java
14 394 (21.80%) AWS
15 392 (21.69%) DevOps
16 388 (21.47%) Scrum
17 378 (20.92%) Test Automation
18 360 (19.92%) MVC
19 339 (18.76%) SQL Server
20 336 (18.59%) Microservices
21 334 (18.48%) .NET Core
22 320 (17.71%) TypeScript
23 319 (17.65%) REST
24 316 (17.49%) Node.js
25 278 (15.38%) Continuous Integration
26 271 (15.00%) Docker
27 264 (14.61%) RESTful
28 254 (14.06%) Finance
29 243 (13.45%) Python

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (4.87%) Confluence
2 53 (2.93%) CMS
3 37 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
4 34 (1.88%) IIS
5 28 (1.55%) SharePoint
6 24 (1.33%) EPiServer
6 24 (1.33%) WordPress
7 23 (1.27%) Apache Spark
8 15 (0.83%) Apache
9 13 (0.72%) Tornado
10 12 (0.66%) nginx
11 10 (0.55%) WebSphere
12 9 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 8 (0.44%) Apache Solr
14 7 (0.39%) Tomcat
15 6 (0.33%) Headless CMS
16 5 (0.28%) MQSeries
16 5 (0.28%) NServiceBus
16 5 (0.28%) Umbraco
17 3 (0.17%) Moodle
Applications
1 14 (0.77%) Figma
2 12 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
4 7 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.22%) InVision
7 2 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.11%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.11%) Fireworks
7 2 (0.11%) Inkscape
7 2 (0.11%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.055%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.055%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.055%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 17 (0.94%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 12 (0.66%) Magento
3 10 (0.55%) Adobe Campaign
3 10 (0.55%) Unica
4 5 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
4 5 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.28%) NetSuite
4 5 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
5 4 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
6 2 (0.11%) Maximo
7 1 (0.055%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.055%) Radian6
7 1 (0.055%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 521 (28.83%) Azure
2 394 (21.80%) AWS
3 126 (6.97%) GCP
4 87 (4.81%) SaaS
5 83 (4.59%) Serverless
6 56 (3.10%) AWS CloudFormation
7 51 (2.82%) npm
8 34 (1.88%) AWS Lambda
9 33 (1.83%) GitHub
10 32 (1.77%) PaaS
11 30 (1.66%) Azure Active Directory
11 30 (1.66%) Dynamics 365
12 28 (1.55%) Cloud Computing
13 26 (1.44%) Power Platform
14 23 (1.27%) Azure Functions
15 22 (1.22%) Apigee
16 21 (1.16%) iPaaS
17 19 (1.05%) Yarn
18 17 (0.94%) Amazon ECS
19 16 (0.89%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 30 (1.66%) HTTP
2 15 (0.83%) Internet
3 12 (0.66%) Network Security
4 11 (0.61%) FTP
5 9 (0.50%) AMQP
6 8 (0.44%) TCP/IP
7 7 (0.39%) H.323
7 7 (0.39%) RTP
8 5 (0.28%) Bluetooth
8 5 (0.28%) Broadband
8 5 (0.28%) Wireshark
9 4 (0.22%) HTTPS
9 4 (0.22%) SSH
10 3 (0.17%) Tactical Data Link
11 2 (0.11%) Ethernet
11 2 (0.11%) Firewall
11 2 (0.11%) RS-485
12 1 (0.055%) Modbus
12 1 (0.055%) RS-422
12 1 (0.055%) Software-Defined Radio
Database & Business Intelligence
1 339 (18.76%) SQL Server
2 175 (9.68%) NoSQL
3 134 (7.42%) MySQL
4 126 (6.97%) Relational Database
5 95 (5.26%) MongoDB
6 74 (4.10%) PostgreSQL
7 70 (3.87%) Redis
8 38 (2.10%) Data Warehouse
9 33 (1.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 31 (1.72%) Big Data
11 30 (1.66%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 29 (1.60%) Azure SQL Database
13 28 (1.55%) Apache Cassandra
13 28 (1.55%) Hadoop
14 24 (1.33%) Power BI
15 17 (0.94%) Snowflake Schema
16 16 (0.89%) Data Lake
16 16 (0.89%) SQL Server 2008
17 15 (0.83%) Amazon RDS
18 14 (0.77%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 499 (27.61%) Git (software)
2 152 (8.41%) JIRA
3 126 (6.97%) Selenium
4 112 (6.20%) Jenkins
5 94 (5.20%) webpack
6 92 (5.09%) Cypress.io
7 87 (4.81%) JUnit
8 76 (4.21%) TeamCity
9 69 (3.82%) Visual Studio
10 58 (3.21%) Maven
11 56 (3.10%) NUnit
11 56 (3.10%) Octopus Deploy
11 56 (3.10%) Team Foundation Server
12 53 (2.93%) Jasmine
13 52 (2.88%) Mockito
14 50 (2.77%) Grunt
14 50 (2.77%) gulp
15 48 (2.66%) Subversion
16 43 (2.38%) SpecFlow
17 41 (2.27%) Eclipse
General
1 254 (14.06%) Finance
2 76 (4.21%) Retail
3 55 (3.04%) Games
4 52 (2.88%) Banking
5 36 (1.99%) Marketing
6 34 (1.88%) Telecoms
7 31 (1.72%) Public Sector
8 26 (1.44%) Back Office
9 20 (1.11%) Manufacturing
10 17 (0.94%) Publishing
11 16 (0.89%) Law
12 14 (0.77%) Aerospace
13 12 (0.66%) Automotive
14 10 (0.55%) Electronics
15 9 (0.50%) Front Office
15 9 (0.50%) Pharmaceutical
16 7 (0.39%) Advertising
16 7 (0.39%) Investment Banking
17 6 (0.33%) Military
17 6 (0.33%) Police
Job Titles
1 1,261 (69.78%) Developer
2 260 (14.39%) .NET Developer
3 251 (13.89%) Senior Developer
4 245 (13.56%) Software Engineer
5 211 (11.68%) C# Developer
6 173 (9.57%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 168 (9.30%) Full Stack Developer
8 166 (9.19%) Java Developer
9 150 (8.30%) React Developer
10 143 (7.91%) C# .NET Developer
11 118 (6.53%) Software Developer
12 116 (6.42%) Lead Developer
13 88 (4.87%) JavaScript Developer
14 82 (4.54%) Senior Software Engineer
15 74 (4.10%) Angular Developer
16 69 (3.82%) PHP Developer
17 61 (3.38%) Python Developer
18 59 (3.27%) SQL Developer
19 56 (3.10%) Senior .NET Developer
20 53 (2.93%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 667 (36.91%) .NET
2 529 (29.28%) CSS
3 521 (28.83%) HTML
4 507 (28.06%) React
5 459 (25.40%) AngularJS
6 334 (18.48%) .NET Core
7 319 (17.65%) REST
8 316 (17.49%) Node.js
9 264 (14.61%) RESTful
10 237 (13.12%) Vue.js
11 223 (12.34%) .NET Framework
12 219 (12.12%) Web Services
13 199 (11.01%) jQuery
14 183 (10.13%) HTML5
15 169 (9.35%) ASP.NET Web API
16 167 (9.24%) Redux
17 163 (9.02%) ASP.NET
18 147 (8.14%) Spring
19 145 (8.02%) JSON
20 131 (7.25%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 135 (7.47%) User Experience
2 108 (5.98%) Analytical Skills
3 103 (5.70%) Data Structures
3 103 (5.70%) Greenfield Project
4 93 (5.15%) Mobile App
5 89 (4.93%) Algorithms
6 60 (3.32%) Management Information System
7 44 (2.43%) Enterprise Software
8 43 (2.38%) N-Tier
9 42 (2.32%) Self-Motivation
10 41 (2.27%) Virtual Team
11 22 (1.22%) Cloud Native
12 17 (0.94%) Acoustics
13 15 (0.83%) Online Games
14 13 (0.72%) Replication
15 10 (0.55%) Blog
16 9 (0.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 9 (0.50%) Linux Command Line
17 8 (0.44%) Client/Server
17 8 (0.44%) e-Learning
Operating Systems
1 133 (7.36%) Windows
2 125 (6.92%) Android
3 116 (6.42%) Apple iOS
4 91 (5.04%) Linux
5 22 (1.22%) Unix
6 9 (0.50%) Windows Server
7 7 (0.39%) VMS
8 6 (0.33%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.17%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.17%) Nucleus RTOS
9 3 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.055%) CentOS
10 1 (0.055%) Debian
10 1 (0.055%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.055%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,086 (60.10%) Agile Software Development
2 506 (28.00%) Software Engineering
3 505 (27.95%) TDD
4 392 (21.69%) DevOps
5 388 (21.47%) Scrum
6 378 (20.92%) Test Automation
7 360 (19.92%) MVC
8 336 (18.59%) Microservices
9 278 (15.38%) Continuous Integration
10 238 (13.17%) OO
11 235 (13.00%) Front End Development
12 204 (11.29%) OOP
13 187 (10.35%) Problem-Solving
14 178 (9.85%) Computer Science
15 173 (9.57%) SOLID
16 152 (8.41%) Mentoring
17 151 (8.36%) Web Development
18 137 (7.58%) BDD
19 130 (7.19%) Analytics
20 122 (6.75%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 995 (55.06%) JavaScript
2 725 (40.12%) C#
3 633 (35.03%) SQL
4 406 (22.47%) Java
5 320 (17.71%) TypeScript
6 243 (13.45%) Python
7 170 (9.41%) C++
8 136 (7.53%) PHP
9 129 (7.14%) T-SQL
10 89 (4.93%) Kotlin
11 78 (4.32%) ES6
12 68 (3.76%) Java 8
13 65 (3.60%) Scala
14 64 (3.54%) PowerShell
15 55 (3.04%) C
16 52 (2.88%) Apple Swift
17 51 (2.82%) Ruby
18 50 (2.77%) Go
19 48 (2.66%) Objective-C
20 39 (2.16%) ES8
Qualifications
1 236 (13.06%) Degree
2 73 (4.04%) Computer Science Degree
3 55 (3.04%) Security Cleared
4 38 (2.10%) SC Cleared
5 28 (1.55%) HND
6 24 (1.33%) HNC
7 8 (0.44%) ISTQB
7 8 (0.44%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 7 (0.39%) DV Cleared
9 5 (0.28%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
11 2 (0.11%) ISEB
11 2 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.11%) PhD
12 1 (0.055%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.055%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.055%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (7.19%) QA
2 19 (1.05%) NIST
3 13 (0.72%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.39%) SLA
5 5 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 4 (0.22%) JTAG
7 2 (0.11%) NCSC
7 2 (0.11%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.11%) WCAG
8 1 (0.055%) MiFID
8 1 (0.055%) MISRA
System Software
1 271 (15.00%) Docker
2 34 (1.88%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.39%) Hyper-V
4 7 (0.39%) KVM
5 6 (0.33%) VirtualBox
6 2 (0.11%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.055%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 222 (12.29%) Kubernetes
2 126 (6.97%) Terraform
3 26 (1.44%) Ansible
4 9 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
5 8 (0.44%) Puppet
6 7 (0.39%) Opscode Chef
7 6 (0.33%) Control-M
7 6 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
8 4 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
8 4 (0.22%) MIIS
9 3 (0.17%) HAProxy
10 2 (0.11%) Grafana
10 2 (0.11%) Kibana
10 2 (0.11%) Packer
11 1 (0.055%) Graphite
11 1 (0.055%) HP Fortify
11 1 (0.055%) Prometheus
11 1 (0.055%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 206 (11.40%) Microsoft
2 97 (5.37%) Google
3 81 (4.48%) Oracle
4 49 (2.71%) Xamarin
5 35 (1.94%) IBM
6 34 (1.88%) VMware
7 26 (1.44%) Atlassian
8 23 (1.27%) Salesforce.com
9 17 (0.94%) Sparx
10 13 (0.72%) Apple
10 13 (0.72%) Nintex
11 12 (0.66%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
12 11 (0.61%) Adobe
12 11 (0.61%) Twitter
13 10 (0.55%) WooCommerce
13 10 (0.55%) Zend
14 9 (0.50%) SAP
15 8 (0.44%) Informatica
16 7 (0.39%) Databricks
17 6 (0.33%) Hortonworks