Period
to 28 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 28 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
28 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 132 127 120
Rank change year-on-year -5 -7 +9
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 3,212 4,059 4,801
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.56% 2.69% 2.79%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.78% 2.92% 3.03%
Number of salaries quoted 2,630 3,367 4,122
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 115,522 139,236 158,652
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.95% 92.18% 92.19%
Number of salaries quoted 91,482 109,804 128,264
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,500 £29,750 £28,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +3.33% - +5.88%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 28 January 2020.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 28 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 2,981 £52,500 +5.00% 632
UK excluding London -10 2,051 £50,000 +5.26% 481
London +2 1,095 £65,000 +4.00% 219
South East +15 807 £50,000 +5.26% 119
North of England -12 393 £45,000 - 100
Midlands +2 266 £52,500 +23.53% 79
North West +45 258 £50,000 +13.64% 67
South West -27 257 £45,500 +1.11% 64
East Midlands +5 201 £55,000 +35.80% 48
East of England +19 155 £57,500 +15.00% 51
Yorkshire -38 128 £45,000 - 23
Scotland -36 106 £45,000 - 48
West Midlands -11 66 £40,500 -10.00% 31
Northern Ireland +1 42 £60,000 +20.00% 4
Wales -40 29 £40,000 -5.88% 15
North East -36 7 £38,750 -22.50% 10
Isle of Man - 1 £47,500 - 1

For the 6 months to 28 January 2020, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,832 (57.04%) Agile Software Development
2 1,560 (48.57%) C#
3 1,509 (46.98%) JavaScript
4 1,311 (40.82%) .NET
5 1,021 (31.79%) CSS
6 1,003 (31.23%) SQL
7 999 (31.10%) HTML
8 921 (28.67%) Git (software)
9 884 (27.52%) TDD
10 836 (26.03%) Software Engineering
11 801 (24.94%) AngularJS
12 767 (23.88%) MVC
13 764 (23.79%) SQL Server
14 752 (23.41%) Continuous Integration
15 742 (23.10%) Scrum
16 731 (22.76%) Java
17 720 (22.42%) Azure
18 651 (20.27%) React
19 581 (18.09%) Microsoft
20 513 (15.97%) DevOps
21 512 (15.94%) Test Automation
22 508 (15.82%) OO
23 505 (15.72%) ASP.NET
23 505 (15.72%) Finance
24 504 (15.69%) Degree
25 498 (15.50%) .NET Framework
25 498 (15.50%) Python
26 492 (15.32%) AWS
27 462 (14.38%) Problem-Solving
28 452 (14.07%) ASP.NET Web API

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 111 (3.46%) Confluence
2 109 (3.39%) CMS
3 83 (2.58%) Apache
4 65 (2.02%) Apache Spark
5 61 (1.90%) IIS
6 49 (1.53%) Elasticsearch
7 34 (1.06%) BizTalk Server
8 31 (0.97%) WordPress
9 30 (0.93%) Tomcat
10 29 (0.90%) SharePoint
11 26 (0.81%) JBoss
12 23 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 23 (0.72%) WebSphere
13 21 (0.65%) CICS
14 20 (0.62%) Umbraco
15 19 (0.59%) Headless CMS
16 16 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
17 11 (0.34%) Drupal
17 11 (0.34%) EPiServer
17 11 (0.34%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 20 (0.62%) MS Visio
2 19 (0.59%) InVision
2 19 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.56%) Zeplin
4 17 (0.53%) Adobe XD
5 14 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
6 8 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
7 7 (0.22%) Chatbot
7 7 (0.22%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.22%) Sketch
8 2 (0.062%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.031%) InDesign
9 1 (0.031%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 21 (0.65%) Magento
2 20 (0.62%) SAP EHS
3 19 (0.59%) SAP MM
4 14 (0.44%) Distributed Ledger
5 12 (0.37%) SAP ERP
6 10 (0.31%) R3 Corda
7 9 (0.28%) SAP S/4HANA
8 8 (0.25%) Adobe Campaign
9 7 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
9 7 (0.22%) SAP SD
10 6 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
11 4 (0.12%) NetSuite
11 4 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 4 (0.12%) Visualfiles
12 2 (0.062%) Shopify
13 1 (0.031%) FastStats
13 1 (0.031%) JDE World
13 1 (0.031%) Payment Gateway
13 1 (0.031%) Remedy ITSM
13 1 (0.031%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 720 (22.42%) Azure
2 492 (15.32%) AWS
3 117 (3.64%) GitHub
4 115 (3.58%) GCP
5 112 (3.49%) npm
6 100 (3.11%) Serverless
7 99 (3.08%) SaaS
8 52 (1.62%) PaaS
9 37 (1.15%) Power Platform
10 35 (1.09%) Cloud Computing
11 29 (0.90%) IBM Cloud
12 28 (0.87%) Amazon EMR
13 26 (0.81%) Amazon EC2
14 25 (0.78%) AWS Lambda
15 21 (0.65%) Apigee
16 19 (0.59%) Boomi
17 18 (0.56%) IaaS
18 17 (0.53%) Amazon SageMaker
18 17 (0.53%) Amazon SQS
19 16 (0.50%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 45 (1.40%) Internet
2 35 (1.09%) HTTP
3 17 (0.53%) TCP/IP
4 14 (0.44%) DNS
5 11 (0.34%) Tactical Data Link
6 9 (0.28%) FTP
7 7 (0.22%) Firewall
7 7 (0.22%) RTP
8 6 (0.19%) SSL
8 6 (0.19%) WAN
9 5 (0.16%) VoIP
9 5 (0.16%) Wireless
10 3 (0.093%) IPFS
10 3 (0.093%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
11 2 (0.062%) 3G
11 2 (0.062%) Bluetooth
11 2 (0.062%) SNMP
11 2 (0.062%) SSH
11 2 (0.062%) Wi-Fi
11 2 (0.062%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 764 (23.79%) SQL Server
2 236 (7.35%) MySQL
3 230 (7.16%) NoSQL
4 217 (6.76%) Relational Database
5 142 (4.42%) Big Data
6 129 (4.02%) Redis
7 125 (3.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 90 (2.80%) Azure SQL Database
8 90 (2.80%) PostgreSQL
9 88 (2.74%) Hadoop
10 82 (2.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 80 (2.49%) MongoDB
12 73 (2.27%) RDBMS
13 59 (1.84%) SQL Server 2012
14 56 (1.74%) Apache Cassandra
15 49 (1.53%) Neo4j
15 49 (1.53%) QlikView
16 48 (1.49%) Data Warehouse
16 48 (1.49%) Oracle Database
17 41 (1.28%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 921 (28.67%) Git (software)
2 317 (9.87%) Jenkins
3 288 (8.97%) JIRA
4 248 (7.72%) Visual Studio
5 198 (6.16%) Jasmine
6 188 (5.85%) Selenium
7 178 (5.54%) Team Foundation Server
8 176 (5.48%) TeamCity
9 173 (5.39%) webpack
10 170 (5.29%) NUnit
11 152 (4.73%) Subversion
12 146 (4.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 136 (4.23%) JUnit
14 135 (4.20%) Octopus Deploy
15 132 (4.11%) Visual Studio Team System
16 123 (3.83%) Karma Test Runner
17 80 (2.49%) Mocha
18 79 (2.46%) gulp
19 75 (2.33%) Bitbucket
20 73 (2.27%) Maven
General
1 505 (15.72%) Finance
2 248 (7.72%) Retail
3 106 (3.30%) Marketing
4 92 (2.86%) Games
5 87 (2.71%) Banking
6 74 (2.30%) Manufacturing
7 63 (1.96%) Front Office
7 63 (1.96%) Legal
8 59 (1.84%) Public Sector
9 43 (1.34%) Aerospace
10 40 (1.25%) Electronics
11 39 (1.21%) Telecoms
12 32 (1.00%) Back Office
13 31 (0.97%) Military
14 27 (0.84%) Law
15 25 (0.78%) Automotive
16 17 (0.53%) Investment Banking
16 17 (0.53%) Publishing
17 10 (0.31%) Advertising
17 10 (0.31%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 2,187 (68.09%) Developer
2 527 (16.41%) Senior Developer
3 482 (15.01%) Software Engineer
4 462 (14.38%) C# Developer
5 438 (13.64%) .NET Developer
6 385 (11.99%) Software Developer
7 242 (7.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 229 (7.13%) Java Developer
9 214 (6.66%) C# .NET Developer
10 165 (5.14%) PHP Developer
11 164 (5.11%) React Developer
12 153 (4.76%) Full Stack Developer
13 150 (4.67%) Senior Software Engineer
14 132 (4.11%) JavaScript Developer
14 132 (4.11%) Web Developer
15 128 (3.99%) Lead Developer
16 121 (3.77%) Architect
17 110 (3.42%) C# Software Developer
18 109 (3.39%) C# Software Engineer
19 106 (3.30%) Senior Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,311 (40.82%) .NET
2 1,021 (31.79%) CSS
3 999 (31.10%) HTML
4 801 (24.94%) AngularJS
5 651 (20.27%) React
6 505 (15.72%) ASP.NET
7 498 (15.50%) .NET Framework
8 452 (14.07%) ASP.NET Web API
9 436 (13.57%) jQuery
10 413 (12.86%) REST
11 401 (12.48%) HTML5
12 379 (11.80%) Web Services
13 377 (11.74%) Node.js
14 368 (11.46%) RESTful
15 341 (10.62%) .NET Core
16 289 (9.00%) ASP.NET MVC
17 272 (8.47%) Entity Framework
18 254 (7.91%) CSS3
19 253 (7.88%) XML
20 249 (7.75%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 260 (8.09%) Greenfield Project
2 252 (7.85%) User Experience
3 184 (5.73%) Analytical Skills
4 163 (5.07%) Mobile App
5 148 (4.61%) Self-Motivation
6 140 (4.36%) Algorithms
7 75 (2.33%) Enterprise Software
8 65 (2.02%) Virtual Team
9 58 (1.81%) Management Information System
10 56 (1.74%) Data Structures
11 50 (1.56%) Video Conferencing
12 42 (1.31%) Linux Command Line
13 37 (1.15%) Data Centre
14 35 (1.09%) Cloud Native
15 34 (1.06%) N-Tier
16 33 (1.03%) Blog
17 32 (1.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 32 (1.00%) Mainframe
18 29 (0.90%) Acoustics
19 28 (0.87%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 412 (12.83%) Windows
2 306 (9.53%) Linux
3 166 (5.17%) Apple iOS
4 150 (4.67%) Android
5 124 (3.86%) Unix
6 30 (0.93%) Windows Server
7 21 (0.65%) CentOS
8 20 (0.62%) Embedded Linux
9 15 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 14 (0.44%) MVS
11 13 (0.40%) Ubuntu
12 9 (0.28%) AIX
12 9 (0.28%) Mac OS X
13 8 (0.25%) Mac OS
14 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
15 3 (0.093%) Debian
15 3 (0.093%) Solaris
15 3 (0.093%) ThreadX
16 2 (0.062%) FreeRTOS
16 2 (0.062%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,832 (57.04%) Agile Software Development
2 884 (27.52%) TDD
3 836 (26.03%) Software Engineering
4 767 (23.88%) MVC
5 752 (23.41%) Continuous Integration
6 742 (23.10%) Scrum
7 513 (15.97%) DevOps
8 512 (15.94%) Test Automation
9 508 (15.82%) OO
10 462 (14.38%) Problem-Solving
11 448 (13.95%) Web Development
12 389 (12.11%) Microservices
13 381 (11.86%) Front End Development
14 349 (10.87%) BDD
15 292 (9.09%) Computer Science
16 279 (8.69%) SOLID
17 276 (8.59%) OOP
18 262 (8.16%) Mentoring
19 250 (7.78%) Integration Testing
20 241 (7.50%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,560 (48.57%) C#
2 1,509 (46.98%) JavaScript
3 1,003 (31.23%) SQL
4 731 (22.76%) Java
5 498 (15.50%) Python
6 358 (11.15%) TypeScript
7 296 (9.22%) C++
8 288 (8.97%) PHP
9 184 (5.73%) T-SQL
10 139 (4.33%) C
11 136 (4.23%) ES6
12 98 (3.05%) Ruby
13 93 (2.90%) Java 8
14 86 (2.68%) PowerShell
15 75 (2.33%) R
16 69 (2.15%) Kotlin
17 58 (1.81%) Apple Swift
18 57 (1.77%) PL/SQL
19 54 (1.68%) VB.NET
20 45 (1.40%) Scala
Qualifications
1 504 (15.69%) Degree
2 156 (4.86%) Computer Science Degree
3 90 (2.80%) Security Cleared
4 53 (1.65%) SC Cleared
5 41 (1.28%) Microsoft Certification
6 39 (1.21%) DV Cleared
7 37 (1.15%) SAP Certification
8 23 (0.72%) Postgraduate
9 17 (0.53%) MCP
10 13 (0.40%) Master's Degree
11 11 (0.34%) Numerate Degree
12 10 (0.31%) ISTQB
13 7 (0.22%) ISEB
14 5 (0.16%) PhD
15 4 (0.12%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 4 (0.12%) Sun Certification
16 2 (0.062%) AWS Certification
16 2 (0.062%) MCPD
16 2 (0.062%) MCSD
17 1 (0.031%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 242 (7.53%) QA
2 30 (0.93%) DICOM
3 18 (0.56%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.19%) Solvency II
5 5 (0.16%) IEC 61508
6 3 (0.093%) Def Stans
6 3 (0.093%) GxP
6 3 (0.093%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.062%) GDPR
7 2 (0.062%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.062%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.062%) WCAG
8 1 (0.031%) HL7
8 1 (0.031%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 1 (0.031%) MISRA
8 1 (0.031%) MISRA C
System Software
1 429 (13.36%) Docker
2 57 (1.77%) VirtualBox
3 30 (0.93%) Active Directory
4 14 (0.44%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (0.28%) Job Entry Subsystem
5 9 (0.28%) Varnish
6 8 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 8 (0.25%) Firmware
7 3 (0.093%) Microsoft App-V
8 2 (0.062%) HDFS
8 2 (0.062%) LXC
8 2 (0.062%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.062%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.031%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.031%) Cronacle
9 1 (0.031%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 233 (7.25%) Kubernetes
2 111 (3.46%) Terraform
3 98 (3.05%) Ansible
4 63 (1.96%) Docker Swarm
5 41 (1.28%) Puppet
6 39 (1.21%) Kibana
7 24 (0.75%) Opscode Chef
8 20 (0.62%) Automic
8 20 (0.62%) Istio
9 19 (0.59%) Knative
10 18 (0.56%) Salt
11 11 (0.34%) Mesos
12 10 (0.31%) Marathon
13 9 (0.28%) Grafana
13 9 (0.28%) Prometheus
14 8 (0.25%) Rancher
15 7 (0.22%) Oozie
16 6 (0.19%) BMC PATROL
17 4 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
18 1 (0.031%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 581 (18.09%) Microsoft
2 216 (6.72%) Oracle
3 134 (4.17%) SAP
4 120 (3.74%) Google
5 87 (2.71%) IBM
6 71 (2.21%) Adobe
6 71 (2.21%) Tableau
7 57 (1.77%) Xamarin
8 52 (1.62%) Cloudera
9 50 (1.56%) Atlassian
10 46 (1.43%) Hortonworks
11 44 (1.37%) Zend
12 41 (1.28%) Informatica
13 40 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
14 35 (1.09%) Talend
15 26 (0.81%) Red Hat
16 24 (0.75%) WorldPay
17 23 (0.72%) MuleSoft
17 23 (0.72%) Sitecore
18 22 (0.68%) Splunk