Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 29 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
29 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 115 119 135
Rank change year-on-year +4 +16 -1
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 5,695 3,013 1,996
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.20% 2.84% 2.51%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.36% 3.03% 2.70%
Number of salaries quoted 1,969 2,007 1,604
10th Percentile £39,950 £37,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £48,750 £45,000 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,210 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.25% +8.97% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £70,000 £65,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £85,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 169,734 99,487 73,860
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.30% 93.82% 92.91%
Number of salaries quoted 84,284 68,812 59,613
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,500
25th Percentile £44,750 £41,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £91,250 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £49,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +6.06% +4.21% +5.56%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 29 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -3 4,665 £62,500 +8.70% 367
London +8 2,668 £77,500 +10.71% 156
Work from Home +1 2,618 £60,000 +9.09% 175
UK excluding London -8 2,198 £55,000 +10.00% 233
South East +20 911 £60,000 +14.29% 54
North of England -35 432 £52,500 +5.00% 55
Midlands +15 326 £57,500 +27.78% 36
North West -17 244 £52,500 +5.00% 29
South West -50 191 £55,000 +10.00% 37
West Midlands -28 173 £58,500 +30.00% 22
Scotland +28 166 £57,500 +10.58% 18
Yorkshire -54 166 £52,500 - 19
East Midlands +35 139 £52,500 +27.27% 14
East of England -54 120 £58,750 +6.82% 24
Wales -2 56 £45,000 -10.00% 6
North East -6 24 £42,750 -22.27% 7
Northern Ireland -6 24 £38,750 -12.92% 3

For the 6 months to 29 June 2022, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 3,553 (62.39%) Agile
2 2,529 (44.41%) JavaScript
3 2,513 (44.13%) Software Engineering
4 2,149 (37.73%) Git (software)
5 1,928 (33.85%) React
6 1,731 (30.40%) C#
7 1,722 (30.24%) SQL
8 1,615 (28.36%) HTML
9 1,581 (27.76%) .NET
10 1,565 (27.48%) CI/CD
11 1,558 (27.36%) TDD
12 1,529 (26.85%) CSS
13 1,464 (25.71%) Social Skills
14 1,441 (25.30%) AWS
15 1,428 (25.07%) Azure
16 1,425 (25.02%) Java
17 1,394 (24.48%) Scrum
18 1,348 (23.67%) DevOps
19 1,332 (23.39%) Test Automation
20 1,315 (23.09%) Degree
21 1,285 (22.56%) TypeScript
22 1,157 (20.32%) Docker
23 1,119 (19.65%) Finance
24 1,114 (19.56%) Node.js
25 1,027 (18.03%) REST
26 1,017 (17.86%) Python
27 966 (16.96%) Full Stack Development
28 959 (16.84%) Microservices
29 938 (16.47%) Problem-Solving
30 928 (16.29%) SQL Server

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 239 (4.20%) Confluence
2 161 (2.83%) CMS
3 89 (1.56%) Apache Spark
4 85 (1.49%) IIS
5 56 (0.98%) Apache Airflow
6 55 (0.97%) Apache
7 44 (0.77%) Tomcat
8 37 (0.65%) Umbraco
9 35 (0.61%) Cloud Foundry
10 34 (0.60%) nginx
11 32 (0.56%) Sitecore CMS
12 26 (0.46%) WordPress
13 21 (0.37%) JBoss
14 20 (0.35%) WebSphere
15 17 (0.30%) WebSphere Application Server
16 16 (0.28%) Gunicorn
17 15 (0.26%) Commerce Server
17 15 (0.26%) Tornado
18 14 (0.25%) ColdFusion
19 11 (0.19%) IBM Domino
Applications
1 27 (0.47%) Sketch
2 25 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (0.33%) Campfire
4 14 (0.25%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
5 10 (0.18%) Simulink
6 5 (0.088%) Adobe XD
6 5 (0.088%) InVision
7 4 (0.070%) Pipeline Pilot
7 4 (0.070%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.053%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.053%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.018%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.018%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 45 (0.79%) NetSuite
2 38 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
3 37 (0.65%) Magento
4 26 (0.46%) SAP Business ByDesign
5 24 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
6 12 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
7 9 (0.16%) Shopify
8 8 (0.14%) ProductWriter
9 7 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
10 5 (0.088%) MetaTrader
11 2 (0.035%) SAP MM
11 2 (0.035%) SAP R/3
11 2 (0.035%) Temenos T24
11 2 (0.035%) thinkFolio
12 1 (0.018%) Cognos Business Intelligence
12 1 (0.018%) Oracle BPM
12 1 (0.018%) Oracle BRM
12 1 (0.018%) SAP BPC
12 1 (0.018%) SAP ERP
12 1 (0.018%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 1,441 (25.30%) AWS
2 1,428 (25.07%) Azure
3 577 (10.13%) GitHub
4 570 (10.01%) Azure DevOps
5 553 (9.71%) Serverless
6 436 (7.66%) GCP
7 386 (6.78%) SaaS
8 258 (4.53%) Azure Service Bus
9 233 (4.09%) npm
10 191 (3.35%) Azure Functions
11 165 (2.90%) AWS Lambda
12 142 (2.49%) Power Platform
13 122 (2.14%) AWS CloudFormation
14 120 (2.11%) Amazon SQS
15 109 (1.91%) Amazon S3
16 107 (1.88%) Yarn
17 100 (1.76%) GitHub Actions
18 89 (1.56%) PaaS
19 87 (1.53%) Cloud Computing
20 77 (1.35%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 535 (9.39%) HTTP
2 415 (7.29%) TCP/IP
3 114 (2.00%) Broadband
4 110 (1.93%) Internet
5 52 (0.91%) MQTT
6 33 (0.58%) Wi-Fi
7 31 (0.54%) Bluetooth
8 26 (0.46%) VoIP
9 22 (0.39%) DNS
10 19 (0.33%) DHCP
10 19 (0.33%) Modbus
10 19 (0.33%) RS-422
10 19 (0.33%) RS-485
11 18 (0.32%) FTP
12 17 (0.30%) IPsec
12 17 (0.30%) SSH
13 13 (0.23%) PPP
14 12 (0.21%) Wireless
15 10 (0.18%) LoRaWAN
15 10 (0.18%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 928 (16.29%) SQL Server
2 568 (9.97%) Relational Database
3 541 (9.50%) NoSQL
4 526 (9.24%) PostgreSQL
5 393 (6.90%) MySQL
6 337 (5.92%) Redis
7 269 (4.72%) Elasticsearch
8 221 (3.88%) MongoDB
9 205 (3.60%) Big Data
10 176 (3.09%) RDBMS
11 161 (2.83%) DynamoDB
12 128 (2.25%) Amazon RDS
13 119 (2.09%) Power BI
14 104 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
15 92 (1.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 88 (1.55%) Hadoop
17 80 (1.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 65 (1.14%) Data Lake
19 54 (0.95%) BigQuery
20 48 (0.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 2,149 (37.73%) Git (software)
2 658 (11.55%) Jenkins
3 618 (10.85%) JIRA
4 350 (6.15%) webpack
5 341 (5.99%) JUnit
6 306 (5.37%) NUnit
6 306 (5.37%) Selenium
7 289 (5.07%) Team Foundation Server
8 246 (4.32%) Cypress.io
9 228 (4.00%) GitLab
10 223 (3.92%) Mocha
11 217 (3.81%) Bitbucket
12 216 (3.79%) Visual Studio
13 172 (3.02%) CircleCI
14 163 (2.86%) MSTest
15 162 (2.84%) Jasmine
16 159 (2.79%) Moq
17 149 (2.62%) Mockito
18 137 (2.41%) Postman
19 120 (2.11%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 1,464 (25.71%) Social Skills
2 1,119 (19.65%) Finance
3 706 (12.40%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 430 (7.55%) Analytical Skills
5 317 (5.57%) Retail
6 293 (5.14%) Games
7 281 (4.93%) Banking
8 262 (4.60%) Electronics
9 164 (2.88%) Legal
10 161 (2.83%) Marketing
11 140 (2.46%) Advertising
11 140 (2.46%) Public Sector
12 127 (2.23%) Law
13 112 (1.97%) Manufacturing
14 109 (1.91%) Publishing
15 106 (1.86%) Automotive
16 77 (1.35%) Presentation Skills
17 60 (1.05%) Organisational Skills
18 59 (1.04%) Back Office
19 58 (1.02%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 3,052 (53.59%) Developer
2 1,637 (28.74%) Software Engineer
3 923 (16.21%) Senior Developer
4 519 (9.11%) Software Developer
5 477 (8.38%) Senior Software Engineer
6 410 (7.20%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 393 (6.90%) Embedded Engineer
8 392 (6.88%) Embedded Software Engineer
9 391 (6.87%) .NET Developer
10 378 (6.64%) Java Developer
11 336 (5.90%) Full Stack Developer
12 272 (4.78%) React Developer
13 269 (4.72%) C# Developer
14 198 (3.48%) Junior
15 177 (3.11%) Backend Developer
16 168 (2.95%) Junior Software Engineer
17 158 (2.77%) Lead Developer
18 156 (2.74%) Junior Embedded Engineer
19 132 (2.32%) PHP Developer
20 131 (2.30%) Senior Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,928 (33.85%) React
2 1,615 (28.36%) HTML
3 1,581 (27.76%) .NET
4 1,529 (26.85%) CSS
5 1,114 (19.56%) Node.js
6 1,027 (18.03%) REST
7 923 (16.21%) AngularJS
8 819 (14.38%) Web Services
9 781 (13.71%) .NET Framework
10 750 (13.17%) .NET Core
11 640 (11.24%) RESTful
12 534 (9.38%) Jest
13 511 (8.97%) ASP.NET
14 490 (8.60%) jQuery
15 476 (8.36%) HTML5
16 465 (8.17%) Entity Framework
17 419 (7.36%) Sass
18 408 (7.16%) Spring
19 379 (6.65%) Protocol Buffers
20 377 (6.62%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 836 (14.68%) User Experience
2 344 (6.04%) Mobile App
3 257 (4.51%) Greenfield Project
4 228 (4.00%) Self-Motivation
5 220 (3.86%) Data Structures
6 201 (3.53%) Algorithms
7 114 (2.00%) Virtual Team
8 110 (1.93%) Cloud Native
8 110 (1.93%) Social Media
9 108 (1.90%) Enterprise Software
10 96 (1.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 96 (1.69%) Legacy Systems
11 92 (1.62%) Blog
12 88 (1.55%) Public Cloud
13 84 (1.47%) Sports Betting
14 79 (1.39%) Social Network
15 71 (1.25%) Linux Command Line
15 71 (1.25%) Video\Live Streaming
16 68 (1.19%) Legacy Code
17 64 (1.12%) IoT
Operating Systems
1 889 (15.61%) Linux
2 629 (11.04%) Android
3 547 (9.60%) Apple iOS
4 390 (6.85%) Windows
5 153 (2.69%) Unix
6 57 (1.00%) VMS
7 30 (0.53%) Embedded Linux
8 19 (0.33%) Debian
8 19 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 19 (0.33%) Windows Server
9 17 (0.30%) Ubuntu
10 12 (0.21%) FreeRTOS
11 7 (0.12%) Alpine Linux
12 5 (0.088%) Mac OS X
13 4 (0.070%) CentOS
14 2 (0.035%) Android TV
14 2 (0.035%) FreeBSD
14 2 (0.035%) Mac OS
15 1 (0.018%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,553 (62.39%) Agile
2 2,513 (44.13%) Software Engineering
3 1,565 (27.48%) CI/CD
4 1,558 (27.36%) TDD
5 1,394 (24.48%) Scrum
6 1,348 (23.67%) DevOps
7 1,332 (23.39%) Test Automation
8 966 (16.96%) Full Stack Development
9 959 (16.84%) Microservices
10 938 (16.47%) Problem-Solving
11 901 (15.82%) Continuous Integration
12 778 (13.66%) Computer Science
12 778 (13.66%) OO
13 760 (13.35%) Software Testing
14 748 (13.13%) MVC
15 716 (12.57%) Mentoring
16 661 (11.61%) Integration Testing
17 625 (10.97%) Front End Development
18 616 (10.82%) SDLC
19 599 (10.52%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,529 (44.41%) JavaScript
2 1,731 (30.40%) C#
3 1,722 (30.24%) SQL
4 1,425 (25.02%) Java
5 1,285 (22.56%) TypeScript
6 1,017 (17.86%) Python
7 689 (12.10%) C++
8 519 (9.11%) C
9 385 (6.76%) PHP
10 331 (5.81%) Kotlin
11 267 (4.69%) ES6
12 224 (3.93%) T-SQL
13 192 (3.37%) Go
14 185 (3.25%) Rust
15 177 (3.11%) Apple Swift
16 171 (3.00%) Scala
17 145 (2.55%) PowerShell
18 120 (2.11%) Bash
19 117 (2.05%) Ruby
20 86 (1.51%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1,315 (23.09%) Degree
2 397 (6.97%) Computer Science Degree
3 204 (3.58%) Master's Degree
4 101 (1.77%) Security Cleared
5 52 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
5 52 (0.91%) SC Cleared
6 44 (0.77%) Microsoft Certification
7 32 (0.56%) DV Cleared
8 31 (0.54%) PMI Certification
9 28 (0.49%) ISTQB
10 20 (0.35%) DBS Check
10 20 (0.35%) Postgraduate
11 15 (0.26%) ISEB
12 13 (0.23%) Six Sigma Black Belt
13 11 (0.19%) MCAD
14 6 (0.11%) PhD
15 4 (0.070%) HND
16 2 (0.035%) CCNP
16 2 (0.035%) MCSD
16 2 (0.035%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 705 (12.38%) QA
2 151 (2.65%) Accessibility
3 62 (1.09%) Data Quality
3 62 (1.09%) SLA
4 46 (0.81%) WCAG
5 40 (0.70%) GDPR
6 21 (0.37%) PCI DSS
7 12 (0.21%) IEC 62304
8 11 (0.19%) HL7
8 11 (0.19%) ISO 13485
8 11 (0.19%) ISO 9001
8 11 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 4 (0.070%) Def Stans
9 4 (0.070%) IEC 61508
10 3 (0.053%) NCSC
11 2 (0.035%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 2 (0.035%) PMO
12 1 (0.018%) ISO 22301
12 1 (0.018%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.018%) NIST
System Software
1 1,157 (20.32%) Docker
2 30 (0.53%) Firmware
3 27 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
4 21 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 18 (0.32%) VMware Infrastructure
6 15 (0.26%) Hyper-V
6 15 (0.26%) Varnish
7 10 (0.18%) VirtualBox
8 9 (0.16%) Apache Flume
9 5 (0.088%) Active Directory
10 3 (0.053%) etcd
11 2 (0.035%) KVM
12 1 (0.018%) GridGain
12 1 (0.018%) HDFS
12 1 (0.018%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 889 (15.61%) Kubernetes
2 616 (10.82%) Terraform
3 105 (1.84%) Grafana
4 76 (1.33%) Ansible
5 64 (1.12%) Kibana
5 64 (1.12%) Prometheus
6 43 (0.76%) Opscode Chef
7 36 (0.63%) Puppet
8 33 (0.58%) Opsgenie
8 33 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
9 32 (0.56%) logstash
10 31 (0.54%) ZABBIX
11 28 (0.49%) HAProxy
11 28 (0.49%) MIIS
11 28 (0.49%) Pingdom
12 22 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
13 14 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
14 11 (0.19%) Active Directory Federation Services
15 9 (0.16%) Bugsnag
16 7 (0.12%) Matomo
Vendors
1 802 (14.08%) Microsoft
2 410 (7.20%) Google
3 208 (3.65%) Xamarin
4 184 (3.23%) Oracle
5 92 (1.62%) Apple
6 87 (1.53%) Salesforce.com
7 73 (1.28%) TrueLayer
8 70 (1.23%) MuleSoft
9 62 (1.09%) SAP
10 58 (1.02%) Databricks
11 52 (0.91%) New Relic
12 51 (0.90%) Snapchat
13 45 (0.79%) Revolut
14 39 (0.68%) IBM
15 38 (0.67%) Sitecore
16 34 (0.60%) CA
17 32 (0.56%) Atlassian
18 29 (0.51%) LexisNexis
19 27 (0.47%) Civica
20 26 (0.46%) Sun