Period
to 29 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 29 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 114 129 141
Rank change year-on-year +15 +12 -20
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 3,329 1,724 3,725
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.95% 2.50% 2.59%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.14% 2.69% 2.79%
Number of salaries quoted 2,136 1,384 3,179
10th Percentile £37,750 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,403
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £52,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £71,250 £65,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £77,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 105,854 64,027 133,460
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 93.76% 92.78% 92.68%
Number of salaries quoted 72,195 51,873 106,459
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +25 3,078 £57,500 +9.52% 583
UK excluding London -8 1,705 £50,000 +5.26% 387
London +62 1,437 £70,000 +12.00% 224
Work from Home -19 670 £55,000 +4.76% 132
South East +5 608 £53,000 +11.58% 106
North of England -11 382 £52,500 +9.38% 100
South West +21 289 £50,000 +11.11% 36
Midlands -37 233 £45,000 -5.26% 77
Yorkshire +11 194 £52,500 +16.67% 23
North West -43 169 £50,000 - 65
West Midlands -34 159 £45,000 -5.26% 41
East of England -20 98 £52,500 -4.55% 40
East Midlands -22 74 £42,500 -22.73% 36
Scotland -61 54 £50,000 +11.11% 12
Wales -23 21 £45,000 +10.34% 11
North East -18 19 £55,000 +22.22% 12
Isle of Man -5 10 - -
Northern Ireland -42 9 £40,000 - 6
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,892 (56.83%) Agile Software Development
2 1,684 (50.59%) JavaScript
3 1,131 (33.97%) React
4 1,129 (33.91%) C#
5 1,081 (32.47%) CSS
6 1,076 (32.32%) HTML
7 1,070 (32.14%) Software Engineering
8 1,066 (32.02%) SQL
9 1,014 (30.46%) Git (software)
10 928 (27.88%) TDD
11 925 (27.79%) .NET
12 868 (26.07%) Azure
13 743 (22.32%) Docker
14 731 (21.96%) AWS
15 730 (21.93%) DevOps
16 717 (21.54%) AngularJS
17 701 (21.06%) Java
18 692 (20.79%) Social Skills
19 680 (20.43%) Microservices
20 621 (18.65%) Finance
21 618 (18.56%) TypeScript
22 595 (17.87%) SQL Server
22 595 (17.87%) REST
23 590 (17.72%) Test Automation
24 586 (17.60%) Kubernetes
25 577 (17.33%) Scrum
26 561 (16.85%) Node.js
27 542 (16.28%) Full Stack Development
28 533 (16.01%) OO
29 529 (15.89%) Front End Development

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 152 (4.57%) CMS
2 125 (3.75%) Apache Spark
3 121 (3.63%) Elasticsearch
4 120 (3.60%) Confluence
5 90 (2.70%) Apache
6 85 (2.55%) IIS
7 71 (2.13%) WordPress
8 62 (1.86%) EPiServer
9 50 (1.50%) Umbraco
10 49 (1.47%) Apache Solr
11 46 (1.38%) Tomcat
12 44 (1.32%) nginx
13 42 (1.26%) Headless CMS
14 35 (1.05%) Sitecore CMS
15 30 (0.90%) Kentico
16 21 (0.63%) GemFire
17 19 (0.57%) SharePoint
18 18 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 16 (0.48%) Traefik
20 11 (0.33%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 27 (0.81%) Microsoft Office
2 24 (0.72%) InVision
2 24 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
3 22 (0.66%) Sketch
4 20 (0.60%) Campfire
5 17 (0.51%) Figma
6 9 (0.27%) UXPin
7 8 (0.24%) Zeplin
8 7 (0.21%) Photoshop
9 3 (0.090%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.090%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.060%) GIMP
11 1 (0.030%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.030%) InDesign
11 1 (0.030%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 1 (0.030%) MS Visio
11 1 (0.030%) Simulink
11 1 (0.030%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 28 (0.84%) Magento
2 27 (0.81%) Payment Gateway
3 19 (0.57%) Shopify
4 16 (0.48%) MetaTrader
5 11 (0.33%) SAP S/4HANA
6 10 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
7 9 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
8 8 (0.24%) NetSuite
9 7 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
10 5 (0.15%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 5 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 4 (0.12%) SAP HR
12 3 (0.090%) Adobe Campaign
12 3 (0.090%) FastStats
12 3 (0.090%) FastStats PeopleStage
13 2 (0.060%) Eikon
13 2 (0.060%) Oracle EBS
14 1 (0.030%) HFM
14 1 (0.030%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
14 1 (0.030%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 868 (26.07%) Azure
2 731 (21.96%) AWS
3 377 (11.32%) GCP
4 206 (6.19%) SaaS
5 190 (5.71%) Serverless
6 144 (4.33%) AWS CloudFormation
7 123 (3.69%) GitHub
8 114 (3.42%) npm
9 80 (2.40%) Amazon EMR
10 76 (2.28%) AWS Lambda
11 68 (2.04%) IBM Cloud
12 64 (1.92%) Power Platform
12 64 (1.92%) Snowflake
13 57 (1.71%) Cloud Computing
14 55 (1.65%) Yarn
15 50 (1.50%) Amazon S3
16 47 (1.41%) Amazon EC2
17 45 (1.35%) Amazon SQS
18 43 (1.29%) PaaS
19 41 (1.23%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 123 (3.69%) HTTP
2 74 (2.22%) Broadband
3 38 (1.14%) Internet
3 38 (1.14%) SSL
4 20 (0.60%) Modbus
4 20 (0.60%) RS-422
4 20 (0.60%) RS-485
4 20 (0.60%) TCP/IP
5 16 (0.48%) FTP
5 16 (0.48%) SMTP
6 12 (0.36%) Firewall
7 11 (0.33%) Tactical Data Link
8 10 (0.30%) DNS
8 10 (0.30%) Wireshark
9 9 (0.27%) RIP
10 8 (0.24%) SSH
11 7 (0.21%) Reverse Proxy
12 5 (0.15%) Network Security
12 5 (0.15%) Wi-Fi
13 4 (0.12%) H.323
Database & Business Intelligence
1 595 (17.87%) SQL Server
2 372 (11.17%) MySQL
3 352 (10.57%) NoSQL
4 288 (8.65%) PostgreSQL
5 250 (7.51%) Relational Database
6 204 (6.13%) Redis
7 170 (5.11%) MongoDB
8 168 (5.05%) Big Data
9 123 (3.69%) Hadoop
10 100 (3.00%) Amazon Redshift
11 86 (2.58%) Amazon Athena
11 86 (2.58%) Neo4j
12 79 (2.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 76 (2.28%) MariaDB
14 66 (1.98%) Electronic Patient Records
15 61 (1.83%) RDBMS
16 56 (1.68%) Power BI
17 55 (1.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 45 (1.35%) Data Warehouse
19 42 (1.26%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,014 (30.46%) Git (software)
2 428 (12.86%) Jenkins
3 319 (9.58%) JIRA
4 202 (6.07%) JUnit
5 183 (5.50%) Selenium
5 183 (5.50%) webpack
6 141 (4.24%) Maven
7 131 (3.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 129 (3.88%) NUnit
9 117 (3.51%) Cypress.io
10 113 (3.39%) Mockito
11 105 (3.15%) Visual Studio
12 103 (3.09%) GitLab
13 87 (2.61%) gulp
14 86 (2.58%) Mocha
15 84 (2.52%) Jasmine
16 81 (2.43%) Storybook
17 76 (2.28%) Octopus Deploy
18 74 (2.22%) Vagrant
19 72 (2.16%) Moq
General
1 692 (20.79%) Social Skills
2 621 (18.65%) Finance
3 240 (7.21%) Analytical Skills
3 240 (7.21%) Banking
4 172 (5.17%) Retail
5 138 (4.15%) Games
6 90 (2.70%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 81 (2.43%) Marketing
8 61 (1.83%) Law
9 44 (1.32%) Electronics
10 40 (1.20%) Public Sector
11 38 (1.14%) Telecoms
12 35 (1.05%) Investment Banking
13 33 (0.99%) Financial Institution
13 33 (0.99%) Manufacturing
13 33 (0.99%) Retail Banking
14 29 (0.87%) Advertising
15 27 (0.81%) Publishing
16 25 (0.75%) Documentation Skills
17 21 (0.63%) Legal
Job Titles
1 2,036 (61.16%) Developer
2 547 (16.43%) Senior Developer
3 535 (16.07%) Software Engineer
4 360 (10.81%) .NET Developer
5 306 (9.19%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 283 (8.50%) Software Developer
7 245 (7.36%) React Developer
8 237 (7.12%) C# Developer
9 233 (7.00%) PHP Developer
10 182 (5.47%) Java Developer
11 171 (5.14%) Full Stack Developer
12 163 (4.90%) C# .NET Developer
13 142 (4.27%) Senior Software Engineer
14 125 (3.75%) JavaScript Developer
15 105 (3.15%) Lead Developer
16 104 (3.12%) Senior Software Developer
17 98 (2.94%) Senior .NET Developer
18 82 (2.46%) Senior Front-End Developer
19 80 (2.40%) Data Engineer
20 77 (2.31%) Senior React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,131 (33.97%) React
2 1,081 (32.47%) CSS
3 1,076 (32.32%) HTML
4 925 (27.79%) .NET
5 717 (21.54%) AngularJS
6 595 (17.87%) REST
7 561 (16.85%) Node.js
8 508 (15.26%) .NET Core
9 425 (12.77%) RESTful
10 403 (12.11%) Web Services
11 352 (10.57%) HTML5
12 334 (10.03%) Redux
13 313 (9.40%) .NET Framework
14 294 (8.83%) Vue.js
15 286 (8.59%) jQuery
16 285 (8.56%) Spring
17 243 (7.30%) Jest
18 234 (7.03%) ASP.NET
19 231 (6.94%) CSS3
20 210 (6.31%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 414 (12.44%) User Experience
2 193 (5.80%) Mobile App
3 192 (5.77%) Greenfield Project
4 151 (4.54%) Self-Motivation
5 109 (3.27%) Algorithms
6 97 (2.91%) Data Structures
7 71 (2.13%) Legacy Code
8 65 (1.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 53 (1.59%) Linux Command Line
10 47 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
11 44 (1.32%) Virtual Team
12 36 (1.08%) Embedded Systems
12 36 (1.08%) Equities
12 36 (1.08%) Over-the-Top Content
13 34 (1.02%) Cloud Native
13 34 (1.02%) Legacy Applications
13 34 (1.02%) N-Tier
14 33 (0.99%) Contract for Difference
15 32 (0.96%) Spread Betting
16 31 (0.93%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 440 (13.22%) Linux
2 286 (8.59%) Android
3 234 (7.03%) Apple iOS
4 217 (6.52%) Windows
5 67 (2.01%) Unix
6 45 (1.35%) Windows Server
7 20 (0.60%) Embedded Linux
8 13 (0.39%) VMS
9 7 (0.21%) Ubuntu
10 6 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 4 (0.12%) CentOS
12 1 (0.030%) Debian
12 1 (0.030%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.030%) VME
12 1 (0.030%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,892 (56.83%) Agile Software Development
2 1,070 (32.14%) Software Engineering
3 928 (27.88%) TDD
4 730 (21.93%) DevOps
5 680 (20.43%) Microservices
6 590 (17.72%) Test Automation
7 577 (17.33%) Scrum
8 542 (16.28%) Full Stack Development
9 533 (16.01%) OO
10 529 (15.89%) Front End Development
11 528 (15.86%) Continuous Integration
12 489 (14.69%) MVC
13 462 (13.88%) Problem-Solving
14 368 (11.05%) Mentoring
14 368 (11.05%) Web Development
15 360 (10.81%) Computer Science
16 332 (9.97%) OOP
17 323 (9.70%) SOLID
18 307 (9.22%) Analytics
19 306 (9.19%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,684 (50.59%) JavaScript
2 1,129 (33.91%) C#
3 1,066 (32.02%) SQL
4 701 (21.06%) Java
5 618 (18.56%) TypeScript
6 504 (15.14%) Python
7 384 (11.53%) PHP
8 289 (8.68%) C++
9 206 (6.19%) Kotlin
10 196 (5.89%) ES6
11 161 (4.84%) C
12 139 (4.18%) Scala
13 136 (4.09%) Java 8
14 123 (3.69%) Go
15 113 (3.39%) Ruby
16 92 (2.76%) PowerShell
17 85 (2.55%) T-SQL
18 77 (2.31%) Apple Swift
19 66 (1.98%) Bash Shell
20 61 (1.83%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 392 (11.78%) Degree
2 188 (5.65%) Computer Science Degree
3 111 (3.33%) Security Cleared
4 74 (2.22%) SC Cleared
5 44 (1.32%) Master's Degree
6 27 (0.81%) OCP
6 27 (0.81%) Oracle Certification
7 16 (0.48%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 12 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
9 7 (0.21%) DV Cleared
10 5 (0.15%) PhD
11 3 (0.090%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.090%) CTC Cleared
11 3 (0.090%) HNC
11 3 (0.090%) HND
12 2 (0.060%) ISTQB
12 2 (0.060%) SAFe Agilist
13 1 (0.030%) CCNA
13 1 (0.030%) MCSE
13 1 (0.030%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 254 (7.63%) QA
2 127 (3.81%) Accessibility
3 49 (1.47%) PSD2
4 39 (1.17%) WCAG
5 37 (1.11%) ECSS
5 37 (1.11%) MISRA
5 37 (1.11%) MISRA C
6 36 (1.08%) PCI DSS
7 29 (0.87%) GDPR
8 17 (0.51%) SLA
9 9 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 8 (0.24%) Data Quality
11 6 (0.18%) PA-DSS
12 4 (0.12%) ISO 9001
13 3 (0.090%) Def Stans
13 3 (0.090%) DICOM
13 3 (0.090%) IEC 61508
13 3 (0.090%) ISO 13485
14 2 (0.060%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 2 (0.060%) IFRS
System Software
1 743 (22.32%) Docker
2 73 (2.19%) VirtualBox
3 35 (1.05%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 22 (0.66%) HDFS
5 7 (0.21%) Firmware
5 7 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.15%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.15%) Varnish
7 4 (0.12%) Hyper-V
7 4 (0.12%) KVM
8 3 (0.090%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.060%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 586 (17.60%) Kubernetes
2 325 (9.76%) Terraform
3 174 (5.23%) Ansible
4 74 (2.22%) Docker Swarm
5 68 (2.04%) Prometheus
6 49 (1.47%) Grafana
7 41 (1.23%) Opscode Chef
8 25 (0.75%) Graphite
9 22 (0.66%) Hadoop YARN
9 22 (0.66%) Kibana
10 17 (0.51%) Opsgenie
11 13 (0.39%) Graylog
12 12 (0.36%) Bugsnag
13 11 (0.33%) logstash
14 10 (0.30%) HP Fortify
15 7 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
16 6 (0.18%) Active Directory Federation Services
16 6 (0.18%) CloudForms
16 6 (0.18%) Mesos
17 5 (0.15%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 337 (10.12%) Microsoft
2 244 (7.33%) Google
3 158 (4.75%) Oracle
4 101 (3.03%) IBM
5 84 (2.52%) Cloudera
5 84 (2.52%) Hortonworks
6 74 (2.22%) Informatica
7 73 (2.19%) Talend
8 52 (1.56%) VMware
9 48 (1.44%) SAP
10 37 (1.11%) Sitecore
11 35 (1.05%) Atlassian
12 32 (0.96%) Xamarin
13 28 (0.84%) Red Hat
14 26 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
15 25 (0.75%) Zend
16 22 (0.66%) Facebook
17 21 (0.63%) Okta
18 20 (0.60%) Telerik
18 20 (0.60%) WooCommerce