Period
to 28 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 28 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
28 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 125 129 120
Rank change year-on-year +4 -9 -9
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 2,280 3,917 4,830
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.52% 2.72% 2.80%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.74% 2.95% 3.04%
Number of salaries quoted 1,987 3,469 4,200
Median annual salary £51,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -1.90% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £80,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83,298 132,702 159,104
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.24% 92.25% 92.32%
Number of salaries quoted 66,116 104,000 128,016
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 28 May 2020.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 28 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 2,128 £52,500 - 148
UK excluding London +14 1,469 £47,500 - 116
London -28 768 £63,750 -1.92% 44
South East +6 548 £47,500 -5.00% 28
North of England +48 296 £50,000 +11.11% 38
Work from Home +54 221 £50,000 -4.76% 15
Midlands +20 220 £47,500 - 8
North West +78 196 £50,000 +11.11% 20
South West -10 161 £45,000 +3.45% 24
East of England +38 131 £57,500 +15.00% 6
West Midlands +61 117 £47,500 -4.04% 8
East Midlands -5 102 £53,750 +16.22%
Yorkshire +16 86 £45,000 - 7
Scotland +24 74 £45,000 - 8
Wales -23 26 £40,571 +19.33% 4
Northern Ireland -18 15 £47,500 -5.00%
North East -2 14 £45,000 -10.00% 11
Isle of Man - 4 £47,500 -

For the 6 months to 28 May 2020, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,373 (60.22%) Agile Software Development
2 1,048 (45.96%) JavaScript
3 1,016 (44.56%) C#
4 884 (38.77%) .NET
5 734 (32.19%) SQL
6 705 (30.92%) HTML
7 673 (29.52%) CSS
8 657 (28.82%) Git (software)
9 644 (28.25%) TDD
10 598 (26.23%) Software Engineering
11 563 (24.69%) Azure
12 541 (23.73%) AngularJS
13 507 (22.24%) SQL Server
14 499 (21.89%) Java
15 495 (21.71%) Scrum
16 484 (21.23%) Continuous Integration
17 469 (20.57%) MVC
18 434 (19.04%) React
19 424 (18.60%) Test Automation
20 397 (17.41%) DevOps
21 361 (15.83%) Finance
22 351 (15.39%) ASP.NET
23 344 (15.09%) Microsoft
24 338 (14.82%) .NET Framework
25 334 (14.65%) AWS
26 328 (14.39%) Degree
26 328 (14.39%) Docker
27 326 (14.30%) HTML5
28 315 (13.82%) Front End Development
29 312 (13.68%) Python

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 77 (3.38%) Confluence
2 67 (2.94%) CMS
3 57 (2.50%) IIS
4 54 (2.37%) Apache Spark
5 44 (1.93%) Apache
6 42 (1.84%) Elasticsearch
7 31 (1.36%) WebSphere
8 25 (1.10%) SharePoint
9 23 (1.01%) Tomcat
10 18 (0.79%) BizTalk Server
10 18 (0.79%) Umbraco
10 18 (0.79%) WordPress
11 14 (0.61%) CICS
11 14 (0.61%) Drupal
12 12 (0.53%) Sitecore CMS
13 10 (0.44%) Tornado
14 9 (0.39%) Cloud Foundry
14 9 (0.39%) JBoss
14 9 (0.39%) NServiceBus
15 8 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 31 (1.36%) InVision
1 31 (1.36%) Zeplin
2 22 (0.96%) Adobe XD
3 14 (0.61%) Photoshop
4 13 (0.57%) Sketch
5 12 (0.53%) Chatbot
6 9 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
8 4 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.044%) Microsoft Excel
9 1 (0.044%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 20 (0.88%) Magento
2 11 (0.48%) SAP EHS
3 9 (0.39%) SAP FI
4 8 (0.35%) SAP CO
4 8 (0.35%) SAP FI/CO
4 8 (0.35%) SAP MM
4 8 (0.35%) SAP S/4HANA
5 7 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.13%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.088%) SAP HR
8 2 (0.088%) Shopify
9 1 (0.044%) Oracle General Ledger
9 1 (0.044%) Oracle Internet Expenses
9 1 (0.044%) Oracle iProcurement
9 1 (0.044%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 1 (0.044%) Remedy ITSM
9 1 (0.044%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.044%) SAP FI-CA
9 1 (0.044%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 563 (24.69%) Azure
2 334 (14.65%) AWS
3 113 (4.96%) SaaS
4 108 (4.74%) GCP
5 81 (3.55%) npm
6 78 (3.42%) Serverless
7 76 (3.33%) GitHub
8 29 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
8 29 (1.27%) Power Platform
9 27 (1.18%) IBM Cloud
10 26 (1.14%) Amazon EMR
11 25 (1.10%) AWS Lambda
11 25 (1.10%) PaaS
12 17 (0.75%) Amazon SQS
13 16 (0.70%) Google Analytics
14 15 (0.66%) Azure Data Factory
14 15 (0.66%) Logic Apps
15 14 (0.61%) Amazon EC2
15 14 (0.61%) OpenShift
16 13 (0.57%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 46 (2.02%) Internet
2 36 (1.58%) HTTP
3 18 (0.79%) TCP/IP
4 15 (0.66%) FTP
5 14 (0.61%) Tactical Data Link
6 11 (0.48%) Broadband
7 8 (0.35%) WAN
7 8 (0.35%) Wireless
8 6 (0.26%) Intranet
9 5 (0.22%) SMTP
10 4 (0.18%) RTP
11 3 (0.13%) Bluetooth
11 3 (0.13%) DNS
12 2 (0.088%) ATM
12 2 (0.088%) Firewall
12 2 (0.088%) SSH
12 2 (0.088%) VoIP
12 2 (0.088%) WebEx
13 1 (0.044%) MQTT
13 1 (0.044%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 507 (22.24%) SQL Server
2 152 (6.67%) NoSQL
3 146 (6.40%) MySQL
4 104 (4.56%) Big Data
5 90 (3.95%) Relational Database
6 87 (3.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 78 (3.42%) Hadoop
7 78 (3.42%) Redis
8 73 (3.20%) MongoDB
9 67 (2.94%) Data Warehouse
10 66 (2.89%) PostgreSQL
11 58 (2.54%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 50 (2.19%) Apache Cassandra
13 49 (2.15%) Azure SQL Database
13 49 (2.15%) SQL Server 2012
14 47 (2.06%) QlikView
15 39 (1.71%) Neo4j
16 37 (1.62%) DB2
17 33 (1.45%) Amazon Redshift
18 29 (1.27%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 657 (28.82%) Git (software)
2 211 (9.25%) Jenkins
3 192 (8.42%) JIRA
4 183 (8.03%) Visual Studio
5 155 (6.80%) Jasmine
6 154 (6.75%) Selenium
7 135 (5.92%) webpack
8 112 (4.91%) NUnit
9 105 (4.61%) TeamCity
10 98 (4.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 89 (3.90%) Team Foundation Server
12 84 (3.68%) Octopus Deploy
13 81 (3.55%) Karma Test Runner
14 76 (3.33%) Subversion
15 71 (3.11%) Visual Studio Team System
16 65 (2.85%) Mocha
17 64 (2.81%) gulp
18 62 (2.72%) SpecFlow
19 59 (2.59%) JUnit
20 54 (2.37%) Moq
General
1 361 (15.83%) Finance
2 183 (8.03%) Retail
3 79 (3.46%) Games
4 77 (3.38%) Banking
5 66 (2.89%) Legal
6 48 (2.11%) Marketing
7 42 (1.84%) Manufacturing
8 31 (1.36%) Public Sector
9 30 (1.32%) Aerospace
9 30 (1.32%) Electronics
10 27 (1.18%) Telecoms
11 24 (1.05%) Military
12 23 (1.01%) Law
13 21 (0.92%) Investment Banking
14 19 (0.83%) Back Office
15 18 (0.79%) Automotive
16 14 (0.61%) Publishing
17 9 (0.39%) Financial Institution
18 8 (0.35%) Front Office
19 6 (0.26%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,533 (67.24%) Developer
2 331 (14.52%) Senior Developer
3 322 (14.12%) .NET Developer
4 298 (13.07%) Software Engineer
5 285 (12.50%) C# Developer
6 259 (11.36%) Software Developer
7 227 (9.96%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 157 (6.89%) Java Developer
9 151 (6.62%) C# .NET Developer
10 145 (6.36%) PHP Developer
11 129 (5.66%) Full Stack Developer
12 125 (5.48%) React Developer
13 122 (5.35%) JavaScript Developer
14 97 (4.25%) C# Software Developer
15 90 (3.95%) Web Developer
16 86 (3.77%) Senior Software Engineer
17 81 (3.55%) C# Software Engineer
18 79 (3.46%) .NET Software Developer
19 71 (3.11%) Lead Developer
20 69 (3.03%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 884 (38.77%) .NET
2 705 (30.92%) HTML
3 673 (29.52%) CSS
4 541 (23.73%) AngularJS
5 434 (19.04%) React
6 351 (15.39%) ASP.NET
7 338 (14.82%) .NET Framework
8 326 (14.30%) HTML5
9 308 (13.51%) .NET Core
10 298 (13.07%) REST
11 271 (11.89%) ASP.NET Web API
12 262 (11.49%) Node.js
13 259 (11.36%) Web Services
14 254 (11.14%) RESTful
15 234 (10.26%) jQuery
16 203 (8.90%) Sass
17 202 (8.86%) CSS3
18 190 (8.33%) Vue.js
19 184 (8.07%) ASP.NET MVC
20 177 (7.76%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 200 (8.77%) User Experience
2 194 (8.51%) Greenfield Project
3 133 (5.83%) Analytical Skills
4 102 (4.47%) Mobile App
5 97 (4.25%) Self-Motivation
6 88 (3.86%) Algorithms
7 54 (2.37%) Enterprise Software
8 39 (1.71%) Data Structures
9 34 (1.49%) Linux Command Line
9 34 (1.49%) Management Information System
10 33 (1.45%) Animation
10 33 (1.45%) Virtual Team
11 31 (1.36%) Blog
12 28 (1.23%) Acoustics
13 27 (1.18%) Mainframe
14 22 (0.96%) CMDB
14 22 (0.96%) Social Media
15 18 (0.79%) Client/Server
16 16 (0.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 16 (0.70%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 282 (12.37%) Windows
2 250 (10.96%) Linux
3 102 (4.47%) Apple iOS
4 77 (3.38%) Android
5 64 (2.81%) Unix
6 17 (0.75%) Embedded Linux
7 15 (0.66%) Ubuntu
8 10 (0.44%) Windows Server
9 9 (0.39%) CentOS
10 8 (0.35%) Windows Server 2019
11 7 (0.31%) VxWorks
12 6 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 6 (0.26%) VMS
13 5 (0.22%) MVS
13 5 (0.22%) SafeRTOS
13 5 (0.22%) Solaris
13 5 (0.22%) Windows 10
14 3 (0.13%) Mac OS X
14 3 (0.13%) tvOS
15 2 (0.088%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,373 (60.22%) Agile Software Development
2 644 (28.25%) TDD
3 598 (26.23%) Software Engineering
4 495 (21.71%) Scrum
5 484 (21.23%) Continuous Integration
6 469 (20.57%) MVC
7 424 (18.60%) Test Automation
8 397 (17.41%) DevOps
9 315 (13.82%) Front End Development
10 283 (12.41%) Web Development
11 272 (11.93%) OO
12 263 (11.54%) Microservices
13 257 (11.27%) Problem-Solving
14 221 (9.69%) Computer Science
15 218 (9.56%) BDD
16 216 (9.47%) SDLC
17 205 (8.99%) Analytics
18 178 (7.81%) OOP
19 168 (7.37%) Integration Testing
20 166 (7.28%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 1,048 (45.96%) JavaScript
2 1,016 (44.56%) C#
3 734 (32.19%) SQL
4 499 (21.89%) Java
5 312 (13.68%) Python
6 256 (11.23%) TypeScript
7 220 (9.65%) C++
8 198 (8.68%) PHP
9 145 (6.36%) T-SQL
10 111 (4.87%) ES6
11 107 (4.69%) C
12 83 (3.64%) Ruby
13 60 (2.63%) Java 8
14 59 (2.59%) PowerShell
15 51 (2.24%) Scala
16 47 (2.06%) R
17 46 (2.02%) VB.NET
18 45 (1.97%) PL/SQL
19 41 (1.80%) Apple Swift
20 39 (1.71%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 328 (14.39%) Degree
2 149 (6.54%) Computer Science Degree
3 64 (2.81%) Security Cleared
4 38 (1.67%) SC Cleared
5 21 (0.92%) ISTQB
6 20 (0.88%) ISEB
7 17 (0.75%) Microsoft Certification
8 11 (0.48%) DV Cleared
9 10 (0.44%) Master's Degree
9 10 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
10 8 (0.35%) Postgraduate
10 8 (0.35%) SAP Certification
11 6 (0.26%) MCP
12 4 (0.18%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (0.13%) MBCS
13 3 (0.13%) PhD
14 2 (0.088%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 1 (0.044%) MCPD
15 1 (0.044%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 222 (9.74%) QA
2 18 (0.79%) DICOM
3 15 (0.66%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 7 (0.31%) Data Quality
5 6 (0.26%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 6 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 4 (0.18%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.13%) GxP
8 2 (0.088%) SLA
9 1 (0.044%) GDPR
9 1 (0.044%) JTAG
9 1 (0.044%) NIST
System Software
1 328 (14.39%) Docker
2 40 (1.75%) VirtualBox
3 14 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 7 (0.31%) Firmware
5 6 (0.26%) Varnish
5 6 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.22%) Active Directory
7 3 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.044%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 218 (9.56%) Kubernetes
2 69 (3.03%) Ansible
3 65 (2.85%) Terraform
4 46 (2.02%) Docker Swarm
5 14 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
6 13 (0.57%) Puppet
7 8 (0.35%) BMC PATROL
8 5 (0.22%) HP Quality Center
9 4 (0.18%) Control-M
9 4 (0.18%) Grafana
9 4 (0.18%) Kibana
9 4 (0.18%) MIIS
9 4 (0.18%) Prometheus
9 4 (0.18%) Rancher
10 2 (0.088%) Mesos
10 2 (0.088%) Packer
11 1 (0.044%) Consul
11 1 (0.044%) OpenNebula
11 1 (0.044%) rkt
11 1 (0.044%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 344 (15.09%) Microsoft
2 163 (7.15%) Oracle
3 98 (4.30%) Google
4 67 (2.94%) IBM
5 49 (2.15%) Tableau
6 45 (1.97%) SAP
7 43 (1.89%) Cloudera
8 38 (1.67%) Informatica
9 36 (1.58%) Hortonworks
10 34 (1.49%) Adobe
11 28 (1.23%) Xamarin
12 23 (1.01%) Atlassian
13 21 (0.92%) Red Hat
14 19 (0.83%) Talend
15 18 (0.79%) Zend
16 16 (0.70%) Apple
17 15 (0.66%) Sitecore
18 14 (0.61%) Databricks
18 14 (0.61%) Teradata
19 10 (0.44%) Dataiku