Period
to 20 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 20 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 140 122 117
Rank change year-on-year -18 -5 +19
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 3,372 4,454 4,986
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.48% 2.72% 2.86%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.69% 2.97% 3.10%
Number of salaries quoted 2,824 3,709 4,129
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £81,250 £76,250 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +3.45%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 125,339 150,104 160,996
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.13% 91.82% 92.32%
Number of salaries quoted 98,593 119,437 127,009
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,125
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 20 October 2019.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -15 3,127 £55,000 +10.00% 611
UK excluding London -24 2,035 £47,500 +5.56% 449
London +15 1,253 £65,000 +4.00% 202
South East -1 815 £50,000 +5.26% 105
North of England -60 407 £45,000 - 110
Midlands -6 291 £47,500 +5.56% 73
North West -3 261 £45,000 - 63
South West -41 232 £46,250 +2.78% 84
East Midlands -5 176 £50,000 +17.65% 43
Yorkshire -97 130 £45,000 - 36
East of England -13 119 £55,000 +10.00% 37
West Midlands -1 116 £45,000 -5.26% 30
Scotland -58 85 £46,000 +2.22% 28
Northern Ireland +22 50 £60,000 +20.00% 4
Wales -23 44 £40,000 -15.79% 8
North East -27 16 £47,500 - 11

For the 6 months to 20 October 2019, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,898 (56.29%) Agile Software Development
2 1,676 (49.70%) C#
3 1,594 (47.27%) JavaScript
4 1,430 (42.41%) .NET
5 1,118 (33.16%) SQL
6 1,107 (32.83%) CSS
7 1,105 (32.77%) HTML
8 972 (28.83%) Git (software)
9 959 (28.44%) TDD
10 879 (26.07%) SQL Server
11 867 (25.71%) Software Engineering
12 840 (24.91%) MVC
13 817 (24.23%) AngularJS
14 767 (22.75%) Java
15 734 (21.77%) Continuous Integration
16 717 (21.26%) Azure
17 715 (21.20%) Scrum
18 686 (20.34%) ASP.NET
19 680 (20.17%) React
20 673 (19.96%) Microsoft
21 583 (17.29%) Python
22 570 (16.90%) OO
23 559 (16.58%) DevOps
24 554 (16.43%) Finance
25 519 (15.39%) ASP.NET Web API
26 518 (15.36%) REST
27 511 (15.15%) Degree
28 503 (14.92%) AWS
29 489 (14.50%) Test Automation
30 463 (13.73%) .NET Framework

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (2.79%) CMS
2 92 (2.73%) Confluence
3 86 (2.55%) IIS
4 81 (2.40%) Apache
5 74 (2.19%) Elasticsearch
6 47 (1.39%) Apache Spark
7 45 (1.33%) Tomcat
8 43 (1.28%) WordPress
9 40 (1.19%) Umbraco
10 29 (0.86%) BizTalk Server
11 24 (0.71%) CICS
11 24 (0.71%) JBoss
12 20 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
13 19 (0.56%) OpenStack
14 18 (0.53%) SharePoint
14 18 (0.53%) WebSphere
15 16 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 15 (0.44%) nginx
17 14 (0.42%) NServiceBus
18 13 (0.39%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 29 (0.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (0.62%) MS Visio
3 14 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
4 11 (0.33%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.15%) Sketch
7 2 (0.059%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.059%) HipChat
7 2 (0.059%) InDesign
8 1 (0.030%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.030%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.030%) InVision
8 1 (0.030%) Mingle
8 1 (0.030%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 40 (1.19%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (0.62%) Distributed Ledger
3 18 (0.53%) SAP S/4HANA
4 14 (0.42%) R3 Corda
5 13 (0.39%) Magento
5 13 (0.39%) SAP ERP
6 9 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
7 7 (0.21%) Adobe Campaign
8 6 (0.18%) SAP MM
9 5 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 5 (0.15%) SAP EHS
9 5 (0.15%) SAP SD
10 3 (0.089%) Fredhopper
10 3 (0.089%) SAP Hybris
11 2 (0.059%) NetSuite
11 2 (0.059%) Primavera
11 2 (0.059%) Remedy ITSM
11 2 (0.059%) SAP BPC
11 2 (0.059%) SAP PS
11 2 (0.059%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 717 (21.26%) Azure
2 503 (14.92%) AWS
3 130 (3.86%) GitHub
4 121 (3.59%) GCP
5 104 (3.08%) SaaS
6 103 (3.05%) Serverless
7 79 (2.34%) npm
8 46 (1.36%) AWS Lambda
9 41 (1.22%) AWS CloudFormation
9 41 (1.22%) PaaS
10 36 (1.07%) Power Platform
11 30 (0.89%) Amazon EC2
12 29 (0.86%) Cloud Computing
13 21 (0.62%) IBM Cloud
14 19 (0.56%) Amazon SQS
15 17 (0.50%) Amazon EMR
15 17 (0.50%) Apigee
15 17 (0.50%) Boomi
15 17 (0.50%) Dynamics 365
15 17 (0.50%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 54 (1.60%) HTTP
2 26 (0.77%) Internet
3 24 (0.71%) TCP/IP
4 19 (0.56%) FTP
5 18 (0.53%) DNS
6 15 (0.44%) Bluetooth
7 14 (0.42%) SSH
8 13 (0.39%) Broadband
9 11 (0.33%) MQTT
9 11 (0.33%) SMTP
9 11 (0.33%) VPN
10 9 (0.27%) Firewall
10 9 (0.27%) SSL
11 8 (0.24%) IPFS
11 8 (0.24%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
12 6 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
13 5 (0.15%) Network Security
14 4 (0.12%) IPsec
14 4 (0.12%) RS-485
14 4 (0.12%) Tactical Data Link
Database & Business Intelligence
1 879 (26.07%) SQL Server
2 324 (9.61%) MySQL
3 262 (7.77%) Relational Database
4 211 (6.26%) NoSQL
5 129 (3.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 126 (3.74%) MongoDB
7 124 (3.68%) Redis
8 117 (3.47%) Big Data
9 106 (3.14%) PostgreSQL
10 96 (2.85%) RDBMS
11 86 (2.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 71 (2.11%) Data Warehouse
13 68 (2.02%) Hadoop
14 65 (1.93%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 60 (1.78%) Apache Cassandra
15 60 (1.78%) Azure SQL Database
16 58 (1.72%) SQL Server 2012
17 52 (1.54%) GIS
18 45 (1.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 45 (1.33%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 972 (28.83%) Git (software)
2 294 (8.72%) Visual Studio
3 274 (8.13%) JIRA
4 236 (7.00%) Jenkins
5 232 (6.88%) Team Foundation Server
6 202 (5.99%) NUnit
7 195 (5.78%) Selenium
8 178 (5.28%) Subversion
9 162 (4.80%) JUnit
9 162 (4.80%) webpack
10 156 (4.63%) TeamCity
11 126 (3.74%) Jasmine
12 110 (3.26%) Octopus Deploy
13 102 (3.02%) SpecFlow
14 101 (3.00%) Visual Studio Team System
15 99 (2.94%) Bitbucket
16 96 (2.85%) Maven
17 88 (2.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 81 (2.40%) Mocha
19 79 (2.34%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 554 (16.43%) Finance
2 230 (6.82%) Retail
3 120 (3.56%) Marketing
4 104 (3.08%) Banking
5 88 (2.61%) Manufacturing
6 73 (2.16%) Public Sector
7 72 (2.14%) Games
8 62 (1.84%) Front Office
9 52 (1.54%) Telecoms
10 44 (1.30%) Advertising
11 42 (1.25%) Electronics
12 35 (1.04%) Back Office
13 30 (0.89%) Legal
14 27 (0.80%) Aerospace
15 24 (0.71%) Law
16 22 (0.65%) Financial Institution
17 21 (0.62%) Military
18 20 (0.59%) Automotive
19 13 (0.39%) Investment Banking
19 13 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,426 (71.95%) Developer
2 582 (17.26%) .NET Developer
3 549 (16.28%) C# Developer
4 527 (15.63%) Senior Developer
5 442 (13.11%) Software Engineer
6 351 (10.41%) Software Developer
7 330 (9.79%) C# .NET Developer
8 309 (9.16%) Java Developer
9 202 (5.99%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 163 (4.83%) PHP Developer
11 149 (4.42%) React Developer
12 133 (3.94%) Full Stack Developer
12 133 (3.94%) Senior .NET Developer
13 132 (3.91%) JavaScript Developer
14 123 (3.65%) Web Developer
15 121 (3.59%) Lead Developer
16 114 (3.38%) Angular Developer
17 109 (3.23%) C# Software Developer
18 106 (3.14%) SQL Developer
19 103 (3.05%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,430 (42.41%) .NET
2 1,107 (32.83%) CSS
3 1,105 (32.77%) HTML
4 817 (24.23%) AngularJS
5 686 (20.34%) ASP.NET
6 680 (20.17%) React
7 519 (15.39%) ASP.NET Web API
8 518 (15.36%) REST
9 463 (13.73%) .NET Framework
10 450 (13.35%) jQuery
11 447 (13.26%) HTML5
12 399 (11.83%) Web Services
13 389 (11.54%) Node.js
14 387 (11.48%) ASP.NET MVC
15 348 (10.32%) .NET Core
16 313 (9.28%) RESTful
17 265 (7.86%) Entity Framework
18 258 (7.65%) CSS3
19 255 (7.56%) Spring
20 236 (7.00%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 273 (8.10%) User Experience
2 219 (6.49%) Greenfield Project
3 185 (5.49%) Algorithms
4 165 (4.89%) Analytical Skills
5 135 (4.00%) Mobile App
6 129 (3.83%) Self-Motivation
7 105 (3.11%) Data Structures
8 79 (2.34%) Enterprise Software
9 69 (2.05%) Virtual Team
10 45 (1.33%) Hedge funds
10 45 (1.33%) Management Information System
11 41 (1.22%) Data Centre
11 41 (1.22%) Linux Command Line
12 40 (1.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 39 (1.16%) Video Conferencing
14 38 (1.13%) Blog
15 36 (1.07%) Equities
16 34 (1.01%) Embedded Systems
16 34 (1.01%) Robotics
17 33 (0.98%) Online Gambling
Operating Systems
1 400 (11.86%) Windows
2 351 (10.41%) Linux
3 164 (4.86%) Apple iOS
4 144 (4.27%) Android
5 100 (2.97%) Unix
6 45 (1.33%) Windows Server
7 27 (0.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 26 (0.77%) CentOS
9 24 (0.71%) MVS
10 20 (0.59%) Ubuntu
11 17 (0.50%) Mac OS
12 13 (0.39%) AIX
13 9 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
14 8 (0.24%) Mac OS X
14 8 (0.24%) ThreadX
15 5 (0.15%) FreeRTOS
16 4 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
17 3 (0.089%) Debian
17 3 (0.089%) tvOS
18 2 (0.059%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,898 (56.29%) Agile Software Development
2 959 (28.44%) TDD
3 867 (25.71%) Software Engineering
4 840 (24.91%) MVC
5 734 (21.77%) Continuous Integration
6 715 (21.20%) Scrum
7 570 (16.90%) OO
8 559 (16.58%) DevOps
9 489 (14.50%) Test Automation
10 448 (13.29%) Microservices
11 429 (12.72%) Problem-Solving
12 414 (12.28%) Web Development
13 362 (10.74%) BDD
13 362 (10.74%) Computer Science
14 354 (10.50%) Front End Development
15 333 (9.88%) OOP
16 271 (8.04%) SOLID
17 266 (7.89%) SDLC
18 252 (7.47%) Mentoring
19 223 (6.61%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,676 (49.70%) C#
2 1,594 (47.27%) JavaScript
3 1,118 (33.16%) SQL
4 767 (22.75%) Java
5 583 (17.29%) Python
6 320 (9.49%) TypeScript
7 315 (9.34%) PHP
8 284 (8.42%) C++
9 232 (6.88%) T-SQL
10 173 (5.13%) C
11 128 (3.80%) ES6
12 114 (3.38%) PowerShell
13 100 (2.97%) Java 8
14 90 (2.67%) VB.NET
15 69 (2.05%) R
16 60 (1.78%) Ruby
17 52 (1.54%) Kotlin
18 50 (1.48%) Apple Swift
19 49 (1.45%) PL/SQL
20 42 (1.25%) Go
Qualifications
1 511 (15.15%) Degree
2 150 (4.45%) Computer Science Degree
3 78 (2.31%) Security Cleared
4 53 (1.57%) Microsoft Certification
5 47 (1.39%) SC Cleared
6 33 (0.98%) MCP
7 30 (0.89%) DV Cleared
8 23 (0.68%) Master's Degree
9 20 (0.59%) SAP Certification
10 11 (0.33%) Postgraduate
11 10 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
12 8 (0.24%) ISTQB
13 7 (0.21%) PhD
14 5 (0.15%) ISEB
15 4 (0.12%) Sun Certification
16 2 (0.059%) AWS Certification
16 2 (0.059%) DBS Check
17 1 (0.030%) CITP
17 1 (0.030%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 1 (0.030%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 283 (8.39%) QA
2 23 (0.68%) DICOM
3 20 (0.59%) WAI
4 18 (0.53%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.21%) IEC 61508
6 6 (0.18%) Solvency II
7 4 (0.12%) ISO 9001
8 3 (0.089%) Def Stans
8 3 (0.089%) GAAP
8 3 (0.089%) PMO
9 2 (0.059%) EMIR
9 2 (0.059%) GDPR
9 2 (0.059%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.059%) MiFID
9 2 (0.059%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.059%) WCAG
10 1 (0.030%) HL7
10 1 (0.030%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.030%) ISO 26262
10 1 (0.030%) NCSC
System Software
1 428 (12.69%) Docker
2 54 (1.60%) Active Directory
3 34 (1.01%) VirtualBox
4 13 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 13 (0.39%) Firmware
5 11 (0.33%) Job Entry Subsystem
6 9 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
7 5 (0.15%) Microsoft App-V
7 5 (0.15%) Varnish
8 4 (0.12%) LXC
9 3 (0.089%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.089%) Terminal Server
10 2 (0.059%) HDFS
10 2 (0.059%) Virtual Machines
11 1 (0.030%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 234 (6.94%) Kubernetes
2 99 (2.94%) Ansible
3 92 (2.73%) Terraform
4 40 (1.19%) Puppet
5 39 (1.16%) Opscode Chef
6 38 (1.13%) Docker Swarm
7 24 (0.71%) Kibana
8 19 (0.56%) Automic
9 14 (0.42%) Istio
10 13 (0.39%) Knative
10 13 (0.39%) Salt
11 12 (0.36%) Mesos
11 12 (0.36%) Packer
12 10 (0.30%) Marathon
13 8 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
14 6 (0.18%) SQL Sentry
14 6 (0.18%) Tivoli
15 5 (0.15%) CA Service Virtualization
16 2 (0.059%) Control-M
16 2 (0.059%) MIIS
Vendors
1 673 (19.96%) Microsoft
2 185 (5.49%) Oracle
3 145 (4.30%) Google
4 113 (3.35%) SAP
5 76 (2.25%) Zend
6 62 (1.84%) IBM
7 56 (1.66%) Adobe
8 49 (1.45%) Tableau
9 46 (1.36%) Xamarin
10 44 (1.30%) Atlassian
11 43 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
12 35 (1.04%) Sitecore
13 32 (0.95%) Informatica
14 31 (0.92%) Hortonworks
15 30 (0.89%) Cloudera
16 28 (0.83%) Talend
17 23 (0.68%) Cypress Semiconductor
17 23 (0.68%) ForgeRock
17 23 (0.68%) MuleSoft
18 20 (0.59%) Perforce