Period
to 18 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 18 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
18 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 123 119 121
Rank change year-on-year -4 +2 +4
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 4,107 4,858 4,551
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.73% 2.79% 2.61%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.97% 3.04% 2.85%
Number of salaries quoted 3,424 4,169 4,085
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 138,154 159,988 159,473
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.75% 91.83% 91.32%
Number of salaries quoted 108,975 129,839 131,487
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 18 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 18 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 3,643 £50,000 - 833
UK excluding London +11 2,653 £47,500 +5.56% 615
London -37 1,314 £65,000 +13.04% 284
South East -4 843 £47,500 - 155
North of England +18 527 £45,000 +2.27% 142
South West +40 399 £45,000 - 75
Midlands -24 344 £47,500 +15.15% 127
North West +5 240 £43,750 -2.78% 81
East Midlands +6 233 £45,000 +5.88% 70
Yorkshire +16 232 £45,000 - 48
East of England -36 213 £50,000 - 50
Scotland +30 201 £45,000 - 34
West Midlands -56 111 £50,000 +25.00% 57
Wales +53 73 £42,500 +11.84% 29
Northern Ireland +24 59 £50,000 +42.86% 3
North East +37 53 £50,000 +66.67% 13

For the 6 months to 18 February 2019, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,317 (56.42%) Agile Software Development
2 2,057 (50.09%) C#
3 1,791 (43.61%) JavaScript
4 1,727 (42.05%) .NET
5 1,484 (36.13%) SQL
6 1,363 (33.19%) HTML
7 1,249 (30.41%) CSS
8 1,243 (30.27%) TDD
9 1,153 (28.07%) MVC
10 1,122 (27.32%) Java
11 1,028 (25.03%) Software Engineering
12 1,020 (24.84%) SQL Server
13 962 (23.42%) Git (software)
14 958 (23.33%) ASP.NET
15 929 (22.62%) Microsoft
16 894 (21.77%) AngularJS
17 826 (20.11%) Scrum
18 814 (19.82%) Test Automation
19 765 (18.63%) Continuous Integration
20 745 (18.14%) Finance
21 724 (17.63%) Microsoft Azure
22 655 (15.95%) jQuery
23 639 (15.56%) OO
24 608 (14.80%) Degree
25 601 (14.63%) HTML5
26 600 (14.61%) Web Services
27 596 (14.51%) ASP.NET MVC
28 594 (14.46%) .NET Framework
29 590 (14.37%) React
30 551 (13.42%) Python

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 131 (3.19%) Apache
2 104 (2.53%) Elasticsearch
3 103 (2.51%) IIS
4 94 (2.29%) Confluence
5 90 (2.19%) CMS
6 55 (1.34%) Tomcat
7 54 (1.31%) Apache Spark
8 49 (1.19%) SharePoint
9 42 (1.02%) Umbraco
10 37 (0.90%) MQSeries
11 36 (0.88%) nginx
12 30 (0.73%) JBoss
13 25 (0.61%) WordPress
14 24 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
15 20 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 19 (0.46%) Sitecore CMS
17 16 (0.39%) Apache Solr
18 14 (0.34%) Ethereum
18 14 (0.34%) NServiceBus
19 13 (0.32%) Drupal
Applications
1 78 (1.90%) Chatbot
2 45 (1.10%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (0.49%) Photoshop
4 14 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
5 13 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
7 4 (0.097%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 4 (0.097%) Fireworks
7 4 (0.097%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.024%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.024%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.024%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 29 (0.71%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.54%) SAP S/4HANA
3 17 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
4 13 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
5 10 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
5 10 (0.24%) SAP CO
5 10 (0.24%) SAP FI
5 10 (0.24%) SAP FI/CO
6 9 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
7 8 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
8 7 (0.17%) SAP IS-U
9 6 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
9 6 (0.15%) Oracle Retail
9 6 (0.15%) R3 Corda
10 5 (0.12%) Magento
10 5 (0.12%) NetSuite
10 5 (0.12%) SAP BPC
10 5 (0.12%) SAP SCM
11 4 (0.097%) SAP ERP
11 4 (0.097%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 724 (17.63%) Microsoft Azure
2 435 (10.59%) Amazon AWS
3 132 (3.21%) SaaS
4 114 (2.78%) GitHub
5 89 (2.17%) npm
6 85 (2.07%) Google Cloud Platform
7 77 (1.87%) Serverless
8 49 (1.19%) AWS CloudFormation
9 46 (1.12%) AWS Lambda
10 43 (1.05%) PaaS
11 35 (0.85%) Amazon EC2
12 31 (0.75%) Google Play
13 28 (0.68%) Cloud Computing
14 26 (0.63%) Office 365
15 19 (0.46%) IaaS
15 19 (0.46%) OpenShift
16 18 (0.44%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 18 (0.44%) Amazon S3
16 18 (0.44%) NuGet
17 17 (0.41%) Google Compute Engine
Communications & Networking
1 106 (2.58%) Internet
2 82 (2.00%) TCP/IP
3 66 (1.61%) Modbus
3 66 (1.61%) RS-485
4 38 (0.93%) HTTP
5 22 (0.54%) SSL
6 17 (0.41%) HTTPS
7 10 (0.24%) Intranet
8 9 (0.22%) Bluetooth
9 6 (0.15%) Extranet
9 6 (0.15%) IPFS
9 6 (0.15%) Network Security
9 6 (0.15%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
10 5 (0.12%) AMQP
10 5 (0.12%) VoIP
10 5 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
11 4 (0.097%) Broadband
11 4 (0.097%) Ethernet
11 4 (0.097%) Firewall
12 3 (0.073%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,020 (24.84%) SQL Server
2 276 (6.72%) Relational Database
3 265 (6.45%) MySQL
4 235 (5.72%) NoSQL
5 190 (4.63%) Big Data
6 150 (3.65%) MongoDB
7 138 (3.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 122 (2.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 113 (2.75%) Redis
10 110 (2.68%) Apache Cassandra
11 105 (2.56%) PostgreSQL
12 100 (2.43%) Data Warehouse
13 98 (2.39%) RDBMS
14 89 (2.17%) Oracle Database
15 62 (1.51%) SQL Server 2012
16 61 (1.49%) Hadoop
17 49 (1.19%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 48 (1.17%) SQL Server 2016
19 44 (1.07%) Power BI
20 42 (1.02%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 962 (23.42%) Git (software)
2 457 (11.13%) Visual Studio
3 315 (7.67%) Jenkins
4 288 (7.01%) JIRA
5 267 (6.50%) Team Foundation Server
6 251 (6.11%) Selenium
7 202 (4.92%) Subversion
8 190 (4.63%) JUnit
9 186 (4.53%) TeamCity
10 181 (4.41%) Maven
11 175 (4.26%) NUnit
12 163 (3.97%) webpack
13 123 (2.99%) gulp
14 120 (2.92%) Octopus Deploy
15 114 (2.78%) Bitbucket
16 108 (2.63%) Eclipse
17 101 (2.46%) Cucumber
17 101 (2.46%) Jasmine
18 100 (2.43%) Grunt
19 93 (2.26%) Gradle
General
1 745 (18.14%) Finance
2 201 (4.89%) Retail
3 132 (3.21%) Banking
4 126 (3.07%) Marketing
5 109 (2.65%) Manufacturing
6 85 (2.07%) Games
7 54 (1.31%) Telecoms
8 53 (1.29%) Automotive
9 48 (1.17%) Advertising
10 37 (0.90%) Front Office
11 29 (0.71%) Electronics
12 27 (0.66%) Law
12 27 (0.66%) Legal
13 23 (0.56%) Publishing
14 19 (0.46%) Investment Banking
15 16 (0.39%) Back Office
16 14 (0.34%) Aerospace
16 14 (0.34%) Financial Institution
16 14 (0.34%) Local Government
17 4 (0.097%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,875 (70.00%) Developer
2 830 (20.21%) .NET Developer
3 693 (16.87%) C# Developer
4 593 (14.44%) Senior Developer
5 451 (10.98%) Java Developer
6 449 (10.93%) Software Developer
7 444 (10.81%) Software Engineer
8 425 (10.35%) C# .NET Developer
9 244 (5.94%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 231 (5.62%) Full Stack Developer
11 213 (5.19%) JavaScript Developer
12 194 (4.72%) C# Software Developer
13 186 (4.53%) Junior
14 171 (4.16%) SQL Developer
15 164 (3.99%) Lead Developer
16 158 (3.85%) ASP.NET Developer
17 152 (3.70%) PHP Developer
18 151 (3.68%) Java Engineer
19 150 (3.65%) C# ASP.NET Developer
20 149 (3.63%) .NET Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,727 (42.05%) .NET
2 1,363 (33.19%) HTML
3 1,249 (30.41%) CSS
4 958 (23.33%) ASP.NET
5 894 (21.77%) AngularJS
6 655 (15.95%) jQuery
7 601 (14.63%) HTML5
8 600 (14.61%) Web Services
9 596 (14.51%) ASP.NET MVC
10 594 (14.46%) .NET Framework
11 590 (14.37%) React
12 484 (11.78%) ASP.NET Web API
13 422 (10.28%) RESTful
14 419 (10.20%) REST
15 409 (9.96%) Node.js
15 409 (9.96%) Spring
16 391 (9.52%) Entity Framework
17 355 (8.64%) CSS3
18 347 (8.45%) XML
19 342 (8.33%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 336 (8.18%) User Experience
2 256 (6.23%) Greenfield Project
3 207 (5.04%) Analytical Skills
4 188 (4.58%) Mobile App
5 177 (4.31%) Self-Motivation
6 174 (4.24%) Fintech
7 161 (3.92%) Enterprise Software
8 108 (2.63%) Algorithms
9 85 (2.07%) Virtual Team
10 70 (1.70%) Device Driver
11 69 (1.68%) Embedded Systems
12 66 (1.61%) CAN bus
13 53 (1.29%) Data Structures
14 48 (1.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 43 (1.05%) N-Tier
16 40 (0.97%) Data Centre
17 38 (0.93%) Public Cloud
18 37 (0.90%) Client/Server
19 35 (0.85%) Blog
19 35 (0.85%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 543 (13.22%) Linux
2 429 (10.45%) Windows
3 336 (8.18%) Android
4 325 (7.91%) Apple iOS
5 102 (2.48%) Unix
6 66 (1.61%) FreeRTOS
7 54 (1.31%) Ubuntu
8 39 (0.95%) Windows Server
9 22 (0.54%) Debian
10 15 (0.37%) Mac OS
11 14 (0.34%) Solaris
12 13 (0.32%) CentOS
13 12 (0.29%) Embedded Linux
14 6 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
15 5 (0.12%) pSOS
15 5 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 4 (0.097%) Mac OS X
17 3 (0.073%) Windows 10
17 3 (0.073%) Windows Embedded Compact
18 2 (0.049%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,317 (56.42%) Agile Software Development
2 1,243 (30.27%) TDD
3 1,153 (28.07%) MVC
4 1,028 (25.03%) Software Engineering
5 826 (20.11%) Scrum
6 814 (19.82%) Test Automation
7 765 (18.63%) Continuous Integration
8 639 (15.56%) OO
9 530 (12.90%) BDD
10 450 (10.96%) DevOps
11 406 (9.89%) Web Development
12 405 (9.86%) Front End Development
13 387 (9.42%) Microservices
13 387 (9.42%) SDLC
14 377 (9.18%) Mentoring
15 360 (8.77%) Problem-Solving
16 304 (7.40%) Computer Science
17 257 (6.26%) E-Commerce
18 256 (6.23%) OOP
19 248 (6.04%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 2,057 (50.09%) C#
2 1,791 (43.61%) JavaScript
3 1,484 (36.13%) SQL
4 1,122 (27.32%) Java
5 551 (13.42%) Python
6 440 (10.71%) C++
7 287 (6.99%) PHP
8 263 (6.40%) T-SQL
9 233 (5.67%) C
10 228 (5.55%) TypeScript
11 155 (3.77%) ES6
12 142 (3.46%) Java 8
13 117 (2.85%) Apple Swift
14 107 (2.61%) Ruby
15 96 (2.34%) VB.NET
16 95 (2.31%) PL/SQL
17 94 (2.29%) Scala
18 66 (1.61%) PowerShell
19 58 (1.41%) Bash Shell
20 54 (1.31%) Go
Qualifications
1 608 (14.80%) Degree
2 140 (3.41%) Computer Science Degree
3 108 (2.63%) Security Cleared
4 73 (1.78%) SC Cleared
5 50 (1.22%) Microsoft Certification
6 48 (1.17%) Master's Degree
7 39 (0.95%) DV Cleared
7 39 (0.95%) ISEB
8 37 (0.90%) ISTQB
9 13 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
10 11 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 10 (0.24%) DBS Check
12 5 (0.12%) PhD
12 5 (0.12%) Postgraduate
13 4 (0.097%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 3 (0.073%) ITIL Certification
14 3 (0.073%) PMI Certification
15 2 (0.049%) ACCA
15 2 (0.049%) AWS Certification
15 2 (0.049%) CIMA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 325 (7.91%) QA
2 21 (0.51%) DICOM
3 20 (0.49%) GDPR
4 17 (0.41%) Data Quality
5 11 (0.27%) IEC 61508
6 10 (0.24%) WAI
7 9 (0.22%) SLA
8 8 (0.19%) WCAG
9 6 (0.15%) HL7
10 5 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 4 (0.097%) PCI DSS
12 3 (0.073%) MiFID
12 3 (0.073%) Solvency II
13 2 (0.049%) Dodd-Frank
13 2 (0.049%) EMIR
14 1 (0.024%) GAAP
14 1 (0.024%) ISO 9001
14 1 (0.024%) PMO
System Software
1 368 (8.96%) Docker
2 73 (1.78%) Firmware
3 69 (1.68%) Active Directory
4 16 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 14 (0.34%) VirtualBox
6 11 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
7 10 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
7 10 (0.24%) vSphere
8 5 (0.12%) Varnish
9 3 (0.073%) Apache Flume
9 3 (0.073%) Hyper-V
9 3 (0.073%) LXC
10 2 (0.049%) KVM
10 2 (0.049%) Microsoft App-V
11 1 (0.024%) HDFS
11 1 (0.024%) Xen
Systems Management
1 176 (4.29%) Kubernetes
2 95 (2.31%) Ansible
3 85 (2.07%) Terraform
4 46 (1.12%) Opscode Chef
5 42 (1.02%) Puppet
6 35 (0.85%) HP Quality Center
7 26 (0.63%) Docker Swarm
8 16 (0.39%) Control-M
9 11 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
10 8 (0.19%) Business Desktop Deployment
10 8 (0.19%) Mesos
10 8 (0.19%) rkt
10 8 (0.19%) SCOM
11 7 (0.17%) Oozie
11 7 (0.17%) Rancher
12 5 (0.12%) Kibana
13 4 (0.097%) Prometheus
14 3 (0.073%) Graphite
14 3 (0.073%) logstash
14 3 (0.073%) Packer
Vendors
1 929 (22.62%) Microsoft
2 313 (7.62%) Oracle
3 153 (3.73%) Google
4 83 (2.02%) SAP
5 80 (1.95%) Xamarin
6 73 (1.78%) Sitecore
7 46 (1.12%) Atlassian
8 38 (0.93%) Tableau
9 37 (0.90%) ForgeRock
10 27 (0.66%) IBM
11 26 (0.63%) Red Hat
12 25 (0.61%) Zend
13 23 (0.56%) VMware
14 18 (0.44%) MuleSoft
14 18 (0.44%) Salesforce.com
15 17 (0.41%) Adobe
15 17 (0.41%) Apple
16 15 (0.37%) Splunk
17 14 (0.34%) Informatica
18 13 (0.32%) webMethods