Period
to 16 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 126 115 135
Rank change year-on-year -11 +20 -6
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 4,174 5,034 4,673
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.64% 2.83% 2.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.88% 3.07% 2.76%
Number of salaries quoted 3,468 4,210 4,203
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £77,500 £71,500 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 144,874 163,724 169,145
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.60% 91.89% 91.31%
Number of salaries quoted 114,516 130,082 140,302
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,500 £27,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% -

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 3,745 £50,000 - 733
UK excluding London +1 2,694 £47,500 +5.56% 535
London -42 1,376 £62,500 +8.70% 253
South East -11 839 £47,500 +5.56% 127
North of England +44 597 £45,000 +5.88% 143
South West +34 377 £45,000 +2.27% 80
Midlands -24 340 £45,000 +12.50% 78
Yorkshire +33 283 £45,000 +7.78% 46
North West -3 264 £45,000 - 74
Scotland +17 223 £45,000 - 34
East Midlands +10 222 £42,500 +4.94% 38
East of England -67 208 £52,500 +5.00% 52
West Midlands -56 118 £49,000 +22.50% 40
Wales +57 78 £45,250 +77.45% 16
North East +26 50 £48,750 +52.34% 23
Northern Ireland +11 39 £50,000 +42.86% 5

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,327 (55.75%) Agile Software Development
2 2,042 (48.92%) C#
3 1,902 (45.57%) JavaScript
4 1,735 (41.57%) .NET
5 1,524 (36.51%) SQL
6 1,463 (35.05%) HTML
7 1,339 (32.08%) TDD
8 1,323 (31.70%) CSS
9 1,215 (29.11%) MVC
10 1,121 (26.86%) Java
11 1,089 (26.09%) SQL Server
12 996 (23.86%) Git (software)
13 979 (23.45%) Software Engineering
14 940 (22.52%) AngularJS
15 936 (22.42%) ASP.NET
16 910 (21.80%) Microsoft
17 851 (20.39%) Test Automation
18 842 (20.17%) Scrum
19 829 (19.86%) Continuous Integration
20 820 (19.65%) Finance
21 701 (16.79%) HTML5
22 690 (16.53%) jQuery
23 686 (16.44%) OO
24 669 (16.03%) Microsoft Azure
25 660 (15.81%) Degree
26 628 (15.05%) Web Services
27 614 (14.71%) ASP.NET MVC
28 553 (13.25%) .NET Framework
29 549 (13.15%) React
30 534 (12.79%) BDD

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (3.07%) Elasticsearch
2 116 (2.78%) CMS
3 102 (2.44%) Confluence
3 102 (2.44%) IIS
4 76 (1.82%) Apache
5 71 (1.70%) Apache Spark
6 61 (1.46%) Tomcat
7 57 (1.37%) Umbraco
8 50 (1.20%) MQSeries
9 42 (1.01%) SharePoint
10 36 (0.86%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 30 (0.72%) BizTalk Server
11 30 (0.72%) JBoss
12 27 (0.65%) nginx
13 25 (0.60%) WebLogic
14 21 (0.50%) EPiServer
14 21 (0.50%) Sitecore CMS
15 19 (0.46%) Apache Solr
16 18 (0.43%) Mule
17 17 (0.41%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 60 (1.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 51 (1.22%) Chatbot
3 25 (0.60%) Photoshop
4 20 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 19 (0.46%) Microsoft Office
6 8 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 4 (0.096%) Acrobat
8 4 (0.096%) Fireworks
8 4 (0.096%) MS Visio
9 3 (0.072%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.048%) InfoPath
10 2 (0.048%) LibreOffice
10 2 (0.048%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 27 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (0.46%) Dynamics AX
3 18 (0.43%) SAP S/4HANA
4 13 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
5 12 (0.29%) Magento
6 10 (0.24%) Oracle Retail
7 9 (0.22%) Oracle Assets
7 9 (0.22%) Oracle Cash Management
7 9 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
7 9 (0.22%) Oracle Financials
7 9 (0.22%) Oracle General Ledger
7 9 (0.22%) Oracle Payables
7 9 (0.22%) Oracle Receivables
7 9 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
8 8 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
9 7 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
10 5 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
10 5 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
10 5 (0.12%) SAP SCM
11 4 (0.096%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 669 (16.03%) Microsoft Azure
2 407 (9.75%) Amazon AWS
3 121 (2.90%) SaaS
4 104 (2.49%) GitHub
5 87 (2.08%) npm
6 82 (1.96%) Serverless
7 65 (1.56%) Google Cloud Platform
8 46 (1.10%) AWS Lambda
9 32 (0.77%) Cloud Computing
10 31 (0.74%) AWS CloudFormation
11 27 (0.65%) Office 365
12 25 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
13 22 (0.53%) Google Play
13 22 (0.53%) NuGet
14 20 (0.48%) Google Analytics
15 19 (0.46%) IBM Cloud
16 18 (0.43%) PaaS
17 17 (0.41%) OpenShift
18 15 (0.36%) Amazon SageMaker
19 14 (0.34%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 90 (2.16%) Internet
2 60 (1.44%) HTTP
3 58 (1.39%) TCP/IP
4 46 (1.10%) Modbus
5 45 (1.08%) RS-485
6 20 (0.48%) SSL
6 20 (0.48%) VoIP
7 18 (0.43%) HTTPS
7 18 (0.43%) Intranet
8 14 (0.34%) SMS
9 12 (0.29%) 3G
9 12 (0.29%) 4G
10 10 (0.24%) AMQP
10 10 (0.24%) Broadband
10 10 (0.24%) Network Security
11 7 (0.17%) Bluetooth
12 6 (0.14%) Ethernet
12 6 (0.14%) Extranet
12 6 (0.14%) Firewall
13 5 (0.12%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,089 (26.09%) SQL Server
2 298 (7.14%) NoSQL
3 295 (7.07%) Relational Database
4 284 (6.80%) MySQL
5 168 (4.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 165 (3.95%) MongoDB
7 138 (3.31%) PostgreSQL
7 138 (3.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 130 (3.11%) Big Data
9 128 (3.07%) Data Warehouse
10 113 (2.71%) Apache Cassandra
11 99 (2.37%) RDBMS
12 80 (1.92%) Oracle Database
13 70 (1.68%) SQL Server 2012
14 66 (1.58%) Redis
14 66 (1.58%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 61 (1.46%) Hadoop
16 58 (1.39%) Power BI
17 53 (1.27%) SQL Server 2016
18 51 (1.22%) Bigtable
Development Applications
1 996 (23.86%) Git (software)
2 498 (11.93%) Visual Studio
3 336 (8.05%) Jenkins
4 306 (7.33%) JIRA
5 261 (6.25%) Team Foundation Server
6 246 (5.89%) Selenium
7 245 (5.87%) Subversion
8 214 (5.13%) JUnit
9 186 (4.46%) Maven
10 183 (4.38%) webpack
11 176 (4.22%) NUnit
12 175 (4.19%) TeamCity
13 174 (4.17%) gulp
14 142 (3.40%) Grunt
15 115 (2.76%) Cucumber
15 115 (2.76%) Jasmine
16 103 (2.47%) Gradle
17 101 (2.42%) Bitbucket
18 88 (2.11%) Mocha
18 88 (2.11%) SoapUI
General
1 820 (19.65%) Finance
2 224 (5.37%) Retail
3 134 (3.21%) Marketing
4 129 (3.09%) Banking
5 117 (2.80%) Games
5 117 (2.80%) Manufacturing
6 77 (1.84%) Telecoms
7 72 (1.72%) Automotive
8 48 (1.15%) Front Office
9 38 (0.91%) Law
10 31 (0.74%) Investment Banking
11 26 (0.62%) Electronics
12 25 (0.60%) Advertising
12 25 (0.60%) Back Office
12 25 (0.60%) Publishing
13 23 (0.55%) Legal
14 15 (0.36%) Financial Institution
15 14 (0.34%) Aerospace
16 6 (0.14%) Billing
17 2 (0.048%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 2,972 (71.20%) Developer
2 831 (19.91%) .NET Developer
3 717 (17.18%) C# Developer
4 646 (15.48%) Senior Developer
5 518 (12.41%) Software Developer
6 465 (11.14%) Software Engineer
7 456 (10.92%) Java Developer
8 447 (10.71%) C# .NET Developer
9 276 (6.61%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 234 (5.61%) Full Stack Developer
11 220 (5.27%) JavaScript Developer
12 216 (5.17%) C# Software Developer
13 202 (4.84%) SQL Developer
14 183 (4.38%) ASP.NET Developer
15 169 (4.05%) Lead Developer
16 168 (4.02%) C# ASP.NET Developer
17 166 (3.98%) .NET Software Developer
18 158 (3.79%) Java Engineer
18 158 (3.79%) PHP Developer
19 148 (3.55%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,735 (41.57%) .NET
2 1,463 (35.05%) HTML
3 1,323 (31.70%) CSS
4 940 (22.52%) AngularJS
5 936 (22.42%) ASP.NET
6 701 (16.79%) HTML5
7 690 (16.53%) jQuery
8 628 (15.05%) Web Services
9 614 (14.71%) ASP.NET MVC
10 553 (13.25%) .NET Framework
11 549 (13.15%) React
12 499 (11.95%) REST
13 493 (11.81%) ASP.NET Web API
14 429 (10.28%) RESTful
15 428 (10.25%) CSS3
16 424 (10.16%) Spring
17 420 (10.06%) XML
18 383 (9.18%) Node.js
19 371 (8.89%) Entity Framework
20 363 (8.70%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 366 (8.77%) User Experience
2 249 (5.97%) Analytical Skills
3 237 (5.68%) Greenfield Project
4 226 (5.41%) Mobile App
5 193 (4.62%) Fintech
6 192 (4.60%) Self-Motivation
7 169 (4.05%) Enterprise Software
8 111 (2.66%) Algorithms
9 93 (2.23%) Virtual Team
10 75 (1.80%) Embedded Systems
11 71 (1.70%) Data Structures
12 67 (1.61%) Device Driver
13 63 (1.51%) N-Tier
14 49 (1.17%) Client/Server
15 46 (1.10%) CAN bus
16 44 (1.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 39 (0.93%) Derivative
17 39 (0.93%) Management Information System
18 36 (0.86%) Reinsurance
19 32 (0.77%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 477 (11.43%) Linux
2 377 (9.03%) Windows
3 291 (6.97%) Android
4 281 (6.73%) Apple iOS
5 121 (2.90%) Unix
6 45 (1.08%) FreeRTOS
7 42 (1.01%) Windows Server
8 27 (0.65%) Ubuntu
9 18 (0.43%) Embedded Linux
10 15 (0.36%) Solaris
11 13 (0.31%) CentOS
12 6 (0.14%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.12%) pSOS
14 4 (0.096%) Debian
14 4 (0.096%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.072%) Android TV
15 3 (0.072%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 3 (0.072%) watchOS
15 3 (0.072%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.072%) Windows Embedded Compact
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,327 (55.75%) Agile Software Development
2 1,339 (32.08%) TDD
3 1,215 (29.11%) MVC
4 979 (23.45%) Software Engineering
5 851 (20.39%) Test Automation
6 842 (20.17%) Scrum
7 829 (19.86%) Continuous Integration
8 686 (16.44%) OO
9 534 (12.79%) BDD
10 422 (10.11%) Front End Development
11 417 (9.99%) DevOps
12 409 (9.80%) SDLC
13 397 (9.51%) Web Development
14 373 (8.94%) Microservices
15 366 (8.77%) Problem-Solving
16 353 (8.46%) Computer Science
17 338 (8.10%) Mentoring
18 299 (7.16%) OOP
19 257 (6.16%) E-Commerce
19 257 (6.16%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 2,042 (48.92%) C#
2 1,902 (45.57%) JavaScript
3 1,524 (36.51%) SQL
4 1,121 (26.86%) Java
5 504 (12.07%) Python
6 436 (10.45%) C++
7 309 (7.40%) T-SQL
8 308 (7.38%) PHP
9 224 (5.37%) C
10 198 (4.74%) TypeScript
11 157 (3.76%) Java 8
12 148 (3.55%) Ruby
13 121 (2.90%) ES6
14 105 (2.52%) PL/SQL
15 98 (2.35%) Scala
16 91 (2.18%) Apple Swift
17 78 (1.87%) VB.NET
18 65 (1.56%) Go
19 59 (1.41%) Groovy
20 58 (1.39%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 660 (15.81%) Degree
2 170 (4.07%) Computer Science Degree
3 105 (2.52%) Security Cleared
4 58 (1.39%) SC Cleared
5 40 (0.96%) ISTQB
6 39 (0.93%) ISEB
7 36 (0.86%) Master's Degree
8 35 (0.84%) DV Cleared
9 30 (0.72%) Microsoft Certification
10 17 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
11 12 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 9 (0.22%) AWS Certification
13 4 (0.096%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 3 (0.072%) DBS Check
15 2 (0.048%) ITIL Certification
15 2 (0.048%) PhD
16 1 (0.024%) ACCA
16 1 (0.024%) MCP
16 1 (0.024%) MCSD
16 1 (0.024%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 369 (8.84%) QA
2 20 (0.48%) Data Quality
3 17 (0.41%) GDPR
4 15 (0.36%) WAI
5 12 (0.29%) WCAG
6 10 (0.24%) DICOM
7 6 (0.14%) ISO 9001
7 6 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 5 (0.12%) SLA
9 4 (0.096%) IEC 61508
9 4 (0.096%) PMO
10 2 (0.048%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.048%) SEPA
10 2 (0.048%) Web Application Security Consortium
11 1 (0.024%) GAAP
11 1 (0.024%) ISO 15765
11 1 (0.024%) JTAG
11 1 (0.024%) MISRA
System Software
1 352 (8.43%) Docker
2 59 (1.41%) Firmware
3 52 (1.25%) Active Directory
4 20 (0.48%) VirtualBox
5 14 (0.34%) Varnish
6 10 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
7 9 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 8 (0.19%) LXC
9 6 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
10 3 (0.072%) HDFS
11 2 (0.048%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.048%) KVM
11 2 (0.048%) Microsoft App-V
11 2 (0.048%) Virtual Machines
12 1 (0.024%) Hyper-V
12 1 (0.024%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 158 (3.79%) Kubernetes
2 111 (2.66%) Ansible
3 81 (1.94%) Terraform
4 49 (1.17%) HP Quality Center
5 43 (1.03%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (1.01%) Puppet
7 26 (0.62%) Docker Swarm
8 12 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
9 11 (0.26%) Control-M
10 9 (0.22%) Mesos
10 9 (0.22%) Oozie
10 9 (0.22%) rkt
11 4 (0.096%) Istio
11 4 (0.096%) Kibana
11 4 (0.096%) Nagios
12 3 (0.072%) Graphite
12 3 (0.072%) HockeyApp
12 3 (0.072%) logstash
12 3 (0.072%) Prometheus
13 2 (0.048%) Packer
Vendors
1 910 (21.80%) Microsoft
2 341 (8.17%) Oracle
3 154 (3.69%) Google
4 88 (2.11%) Xamarin
5 62 (1.49%) SAP
6 58 (1.39%) Sitecore
7 43 (1.03%) Atlassian
8 41 (0.98%) IBM
8 41 (0.98%) Tableau
9 30 (0.72%) Zend
10 29 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
11 28 (0.67%) MuleSoft
12 26 (0.62%) ForgeRock
13 24 (0.57%) Red Hat
14 21 (0.50%) Apple
14 21 (0.50%) Informatica
15 20 (0.48%) Adobe
16 19 (0.46%) Solace
17 18 (0.43%) Cloudera
18 16 (0.38%) WSO2