Period
to 24 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 24 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
24 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 116 111 126
Rank change year-on-year -5 +15 0
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 4,843 4,795 5,324
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.81% 2.83% 2.65%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.09% 3.13% 2.95%
Number of salaries quoted 4,065 4,175 4,617
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% -5.56% +7.14%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 156,628 153,326 180,680
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 90.84% 90.55% 89.98%
Number of salaries quoted 125,948 125,702 150,219
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +3.26%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.66%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 24 May 2018.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -10 4,515 £50,000 +5.26% 791
UK excluding London 0 3,035 £45,000 +5.88% 558
London -6 1,708 £60,000 - 276
South East +13 1,079 £46,500 +3.33% 132
North of England -7 695 £45,000 +12.50% 142
Midlands +6 400 £44,000 +9.32% 96
North West -27 355 £45,000 +12.50% 80
South West -26 337 £47,000 +17.50% 84
East of England -15 289 £50,000 +5.26% 61
Yorkshire +35 286 £45,000 +12.50% 46
East Midlands +27 211 £42,500 - 45
Scotland 0 204 £45,000 - 27
West Midlands -30 189 £45,000 +12.50% 51
North East -24 54 £40,500 +15.71% 16
Wales -35 29 £40,000 -11.11% 12
Northern Ireland +6 6 £36,250 -27.50% 4

For the 6 months to 24 May 2018, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,789 (57.59%) Agile Software Development
2 2,327 (48.05%) C#
3 2,277 (47.02%) JavaScript
4 2,009 (41.48%) .NET
5 1,878 (38.78%) SQL
6 1,833 (37.85%) HTML
7 1,640 (33.86%) CSS
8 1,567 (32.36%) TDD
9 1,546 (31.92%) MVC
10 1,318 (27.21%) Java
11 1,302 (26.88%) SQL Server
12 1,238 (25.56%) AngularJS
13 1,211 (25.01%) Git (software)
14 1,152 (23.79%) ASP.NET
15 1,141 (23.56%) Software Engineering
16 1,135 (23.44%) Scrum
17 1,102 (22.75%) Continuous Integration
18 1,042 (21.52%) Test Automation
19 993 (20.50%) Finance
20 933 (19.26%) jQuery
21 909 (18.77%) Web Services
22 879 (18.15%) Microsoft
23 782 (16.15%) Degree
24 761 (15.71%) OO
25 729 (15.05%) ASP.NET MVC
25 729 (15.05%) HTML5
26 727 (15.01%) .NET Framework
27 719 (14.85%) Microsoft Azure
28 686 (14.16%) RESTful
29 653 (13.48%) SDLC

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 187 (3.86%) CMS
2 158 (3.26%) Apache
3 157 (3.24%) Elasticsearch
4 117 (2.42%) Tomcat
5 116 (2.40%) IIS
6 99 (2.04%) Confluence
6 99 (2.04%) JBoss
7 70 (1.45%) Apache Spark
8 68 (1.40%) Drupal
9 61 (1.26%) SharePoint
10 51 (1.05%) MQSeries
11 49 (1.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 44 (0.91%) Umbraco
13 39 (0.81%) Apache Solr
14 37 (0.76%) NServiceBus
15 32 (0.66%) WebLogic
16 28 (0.58%) Sitecore CMS
16 28 (0.58%) WordPress
17 26 (0.54%) Jetty
17 26 (0.54%) nginx
Applications
1 98 (2.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (0.43%) Photoshop
4 8 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 8 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
5 4 (0.083%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.062%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.041%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.041%) Simulink
7 2 (0.041%) S-PLUS
8 1 (0.021%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.021%) Fireworks
8 1 (0.021%) LibreOffice
8 1 (0.021%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 37 (0.76%) Distributed Ledger
2 34 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
3 21 (0.43%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 13 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
5 10 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
5 10 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
6 9 (0.19%) NetSuite
6 9 (0.19%) Oracle AGIS
6 9 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
6 9 (0.19%) Oracle Financials
6 9 (0.19%) Oracle General Ledger
6 9 (0.19%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 9 (0.19%) Oracle iProcurement
6 9 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
6 9 (0.19%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 9 (0.19%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 9 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.12%) Magento
8 5 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
8 5 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 719 (14.85%) Microsoft Azure
2 510 (10.53%) Amazon AWS
3 193 (3.99%) GitHub
4 186 (3.84%) SaaS
5 163 (3.37%) npm
6 62 (1.28%) Serverless
7 57 (1.18%) PaaS
8 56 (1.16%) Google Cloud Platform
9 50 (1.03%) Cloud Computing
10 37 (0.76%) Slack
11 35 (0.72%) Trello
12 33 (0.68%) AWS Lambda
12 33 (0.68%) IaaS
12 33 (0.68%) NuGet
13 30 (0.62%) AWS CloudFormation
14 27 (0.56%) IBM Cloud
15 26 (0.54%) Cloudflare
16 23 (0.47%) Amazon S3
17 22 (0.45%) Heroku
18 20 (0.41%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 135 (2.79%) HTTP
2 74 (1.53%) TCP/IP
3 63 (1.30%) Internet
4 45 (0.93%) SSL
5 35 (0.72%) Intranet
6 31 (0.64%) Broadband
7 22 (0.45%) SMS
8 21 (0.43%) SMPP
9 18 (0.37%) DNS
10 16 (0.33%) Wireless
11 14 (0.29%) WPA
12 13 (0.27%) SSH
13 9 (0.19%) IPsec
13 9 (0.19%) LTE
13 9 (0.19%) SMTP
14 8 (0.17%) Network Security
14 8 (0.17%) VoIP
15 7 (0.14%) FTP
15 7 (0.14%) HTTPS
16 6 (0.12%) 3G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,302 (26.88%) SQL Server
2 534 (11.03%) NoSQL
3 397 (8.20%) MySQL
4 322 (6.65%) Relational Database
5 231 (4.77%) MongoDB
6 219 (4.52%) PostgreSQL
7 174 (3.59%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 151 (3.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 144 (2.97%) Redis
10 137 (2.83%) Big Data
11 131 (2.70%) Apache Cassandra
12 115 (2.37%) Data Warehouse
13 111 (2.29%) SQL Server 2012
14 100 (2.06%) Blockchain
15 97 (2.00%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 93 (1.92%) Hadoop
17 83 (1.71%) SQL Server 2008
18 74 (1.53%) RDBMS
19 71 (1.47%) Power BI
20 60 (1.24%) Bigtable
Development Applications
1 1,211 (25.01%) Git (software)
2 520 (10.74%) Jenkins
3 429 (8.86%) Visual Studio
4 397 (8.20%) JIRA
5 382 (7.89%) Selenium
6 317 (6.55%) Team Foundation Server
7 301 (6.22%) Subversion
8 288 (5.95%) JUnit
9 280 (5.78%) NUnit
10 268 (5.53%) webpack
11 225 (4.65%) Maven
12 215 (4.44%) gulp
13 198 (4.09%) Grunt
14 177 (3.65%) TeamCity
15 176 (3.63%) Cucumber
16 125 (2.58%) Jasmine
17 116 (2.40%) Moq
18 96 (1.98%) Bitbucket
19 94 (1.94%) MSTest
20 93 (1.92%) WebDriver
General
1 993 (20.50%) Finance
2 271 (5.60%) Retail
3 257 (5.31%) Banking
4 153 (3.16%) Games
5 106 (2.19%) Marketing
6 98 (2.02%) Telecoms
7 89 (1.84%) Front Office
8 69 (1.42%) Law
9 67 (1.38%) Advertising
10 60 (1.24%) Investment Banking
11 56 (1.16%) Financial Institution
12 49 (1.01%) Manufacturing
13 47 (0.97%) Automotive
14 46 (0.95%) Legal
15 45 (0.93%) Back Office
16 31 (0.64%) Publishing
17 20 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
18 15 (0.31%) Electronics
19 9 (0.19%) General Ledger
20 8 (0.17%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 3,591 (74.15%) Developer
2 1,051 (21.70%) .NET Developer
3 915 (18.89%) C# Developer
4 824 (17.01%) Senior Developer
5 631 (13.03%) Software Developer
6 548 (11.32%) Java Developer
7 519 (10.72%) C# .NET Developer
8 490 (10.12%) Software Engineer
9 325 (6.71%) JavaScript Developer
10 302 (6.24%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 291 (6.01%) C# Software Developer
12 281 (5.80%) Lead Developer
13 270 (5.58%) Senior .NET Developer
14 249 (5.14%) SQL Developer
15 219 (4.52%) .NET Software Developer
15 219 (4.52%) ASP.NET Developer
16 217 (4.48%) Full Stack Developer
17 195 (4.03%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 190 (3.92%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 188 (3.88%) Senior C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,009 (41.48%) .NET
2 1,833 (37.85%) HTML
3 1,640 (33.86%) CSS
4 1,238 (25.56%) AngularJS
5 1,152 (23.79%) ASP.NET
6 933 (19.26%) jQuery
7 909 (18.77%) Web Services
8 729 (15.05%) ASP.NET MVC
8 729 (15.05%) HTML5
9 727 (15.01%) .NET Framework
10 686 (14.16%) RESTful
11 629 (12.99%) REST
12 582 (12.02%) ASP.NET Web API
13 550 (11.36%) React
14 526 (10.86%) XML
15 495 (10.22%) WCF
16 479 (9.89%) Entity Framework
17 462 (9.54%) Spring
18 417 (8.61%) Node.js
19 405 (8.36%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 495 (10.22%) Computer Science
2 398 (8.22%) User Experience
3 348 (7.19%) Analytical Skills
4 313 (6.46%) Mobile App
5 249 (5.14%) Fintech
6 231 (4.77%) Greenfield Project
7 202 (4.17%) Enterprise Software
8 183 (3.78%) Self-Motivation
9 108 (2.23%) Algorithms
10 105 (2.17%) Management Information System
11 82 (1.69%) Data Structures
12 75 (1.55%) Virtual Team
13 62 (1.28%) Linux Command Line
14 48 (0.99%) Client/Server
15 43 (0.89%) Equities
16 40 (0.83%) N-Tier
17 35 (0.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 26 (0.54%) Market Risk
19 25 (0.52%) Social Media
19 25 (0.52%) Spread Betting
Operating Systems
1 449 (9.27%) Linux
2 401 (8.28%) Windows
3 228 (4.71%) Android
4 187 (3.86%) Unix
5 186 (3.84%) Apple iOS
6 27 (0.56%) Windows Server
7 25 (0.52%) Mac OS
8 14 (0.29%) Nucleus RTOS
9 10 (0.21%) Debian
10 9 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 8 (0.17%) CentOS
11 8 (0.17%) Ubuntu
12 7 (0.14%) Mac OS X
13 5 (0.10%) Embedded Linux
13 5 (0.10%) Windows 7
14 3 (0.062%) Solaris
14 3 (0.062%) Windows 10
14 3 (0.062%) zOS
15 2 (0.041%) Windows 8
15 2 (0.041%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,789 (57.59%) Agile Software Development
2 1,567 (32.36%) TDD
3 1,546 (31.92%) MVC
4 1,141 (23.56%) Software Engineering
5 1,135 (23.44%) Scrum
6 1,102 (22.75%) Continuous Integration
7 1,042 (21.52%) Test Automation
8 761 (15.71%) OO
9 653 (13.48%) SDLC
10 614 (12.68%) BDD
11 592 (12.22%) Problem-Solving
12 506 (10.45%) Front End Development
13 499 (10.30%) Web Development
14 456 (9.42%) Mentoring
15 431 (8.90%) DevOps
16 397 (8.20%) Microservices
17 354 (7.31%) OOP
18 339 (7.00%) SOA
19 282 (5.82%) E-Commerce
20 277 (5.72%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 2,327 (48.05%) C#
2 2,277 (47.02%) JavaScript
3 1,878 (38.78%) SQL
4 1,318 (27.21%) Java
5 601 (12.41%) Python
6 415 (8.57%) T-SQL
7 370 (7.64%) C++
8 363 (7.50%) PHP
9 154 (3.18%) C
10 148 (3.06%) TypeScript
11 146 (3.01%) Ruby
12 124 (2.56%) Java 8
12 124 (2.56%) VB.NET
13 121 (2.50%) Bash Shell
14 115 (2.37%) Scala
15 114 (2.35%) ES6
16 91 (1.88%) Objective-C
17 81 (1.67%) PowerShell
18 77 (1.59%) PL/SQL
19 71 (1.47%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 782 (16.15%) Degree
2 233 (4.81%) Computer Science Degree
3 100 (2.06%) Security Cleared
4 50 (1.03%) DV Cleared
5 31 (0.64%) Master's Degree
6 28 (0.58%) ISTQB
7 27 (0.56%) SC Cleared
8 25 (0.52%) Numerate Degree
9 23 (0.47%) ISEB
9 23 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
10 17 (0.35%) AWS Certification
11 13 (0.27%) HND
11 13 (0.27%) Sun Certification
12 10 (0.21%) PMI Certification
13 8 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
14 7 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 7 (0.14%) MCP
14 7 (0.14%) Postgraduate
15 4 (0.083%) DBS Check
15 4 (0.083%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 454 (9.37%) QA
2 30 (0.62%) ISO 9001
3 28 (0.58%) WCAG
4 18 (0.37%) PCI DSS
5 16 (0.33%) PSD2
6 15 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 10 (0.21%) Web Application Security Consortium
8 8 (0.17%) ARP4754
8 8 (0.17%) GDPR
8 8 (0.17%) PMO
9 6 (0.12%) EMIR
9 6 (0.12%) MiFID
10 5 (0.10%) Data Quality
11 4 (0.083%) GCP
11 4 (0.083%) ISO 13485
11 4 (0.083%) SLA
12 3 (0.062%) Dodd-Frank
12 3 (0.062%) HL7
12 3 (0.062%) PA-DSS
12 3 (0.062%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 273 (5.64%) Docker
2 31 (0.64%) Firmware
3 21 (0.43%) VirtualBox
4 11 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.17%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (0.083%) Varnish
8 2 (0.041%) Apache Flume
8 2 (0.041%) HDFS
8 2 (0.041%) LXC
8 2 (0.041%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.021%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 140 (2.89%) Ansible
2 83 (1.71%) Kubernetes
3 67 (1.38%) Opscode Chef
4 66 (1.36%) Puppet
5 52 (1.07%) Terraform
6 20 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
7 19 (0.39%) Marathon
7 19 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
8 13 (0.27%) Kibana
9 11 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
9 11 (0.23%) HP Quality Center
10 10 (0.21%) HockeyApp
11 9 (0.19%) HAProxy
11 9 (0.19%) Icinga
11 9 (0.19%) Packer
12 8 (0.17%) Salt
13 7 (0.14%) logstash
13 7 (0.14%) SCCM
14 6 (0.12%) HP ALM
15 5 (0.10%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 879 (18.15%) Microsoft
2 364 (7.52%) Oracle
3 158 (3.26%) Google
4 95 (1.96%) Xamarin
5 94 (1.94%) Capita
6 68 (1.40%) Apple
7 61 (1.26%) Atlassian
8 50 (1.03%) Sitecore
8 50 (1.03%) Tableau
9 48 (0.99%) IBM
10 47 (0.97%) Salesforce.com
11 44 (0.91%) Twitter
11 44 (0.91%) Zend
12 29 (0.60%) SAP
13 28 (0.58%) Adobe
14 27 (0.56%) Sony
14 27 (0.56%) Talend
15 25 (0.52%) Facebook
16 23 (0.47%) HP
17 22 (0.45%) Cloudera