Period
to 7 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 7 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
7 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 132 140 119
Rank change year-on-year +8 -21 -5
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 1,606 3,649 4,807
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.47% 2.55% 2.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.68% 2.77% 3.05%
Number of salaries quoted 1,437 3,298 4,176
Median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £82,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +3.45%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 60,024 131,806 157,468
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.27% 92.21% 91.96%
Number of salaries quoted 47,962 103,856 125,667
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 7 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 1,502 £52,500 -4.55% 213
UK excluding London +33 1,029 £47,500 - 171
London -29 536 £62,500 -7.41% 64
South East +7 355 £48,500 -3.00% 36
North of England +79 270 £48,000 +6.67% 65
North West +60 169 £50,000 +11.11% 35
Work from Home +31 163 £50,000 -13.04% 30
Midlands +26 155 £47,500 - 17
West Midlands +58 111 £47,500 - 13
South West +21 109 £45,000 - 15
Yorkshire +70 85 £45,000 - 19
East of England +51 71 £56,250 +2.27% 14
East Midlands -12 43 £53,750 +13.16% 4
Scotland +35 41 £46,250 +2.78% 16
Wales +5 18 £41,391 +3.48% 6
North East +22 16 £45,000 -5.26% 11
Northern Ireland -13 11 - - 2
Isle of Man - 2 £47,500 -

For the 6 months to 7 August 2020, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 996 (62.02%) Agile Software Development
2 765 (47.63%) JavaScript
3 688 (42.84%) C#
4 618 (38.48%) .NET
5 508 (31.63%) Git (software)
6 504 (31.38%) SQL
7 461 (28.70%) HTML
8 438 (27.27%) CSS
9 433 (26.96%) TDD
10 425 (26.46%) Software Engineering
11 376 (23.41%) AngularJS
12 374 (23.29%) Azure
13 358 (22.29%) SQL Server
14 355 (22.10%) React
15 334 (20.80%) Scrum
16 329 (20.49%) Java
17 307 (19.12%) DevOps
18 306 (19.05%) MVC
19 294 (18.31%) Test Automation
19 294 (18.31%) Continuous Integration
20 290 (18.06%) REST
21 276 (17.19%) Docker
22 271 (16.87%) .NET Core
23 258 (16.06%) ASP.NET
24 247 (15.38%) Degree
25 220 (13.70%) Finance
25 220 (13.70%) Front End Development
26 219 (13.64%) Microsoft
27 217 (13.51%) Microservices
28 214 (13.33%) Python

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (3.67%) Confluence
2 48 (2.99%) IIS
3 33 (2.05%) Apache Spark
4 31 (1.93%) CMS
5 29 (1.81%) Elasticsearch
6 28 (1.74%) Apache
7 15 (0.93%) SharePoint
7 15 (0.93%) Tomcat
8 14 (0.87%) Umbraco
9 13 (0.81%) Sitecore CMS
9 13 (0.81%) WebSphere
10 10 (0.62%) EPiServer
11 9 (0.56%) WordPress
12 7 (0.44%) JBoss
12 7 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 7 (0.44%) Red Hat Fuse
13 6 (0.37%) Headless CMS
13 6 (0.37%) Kentico
13 6 (0.37%) SAS
13 6 (0.37%) Tornado
Applications
1 15 (0.93%) InVision
1 15 (0.93%) Zeplin
2 11 (0.68%) Microsoft Project
2 11 (0.68%) Photoshop
3 9 (0.56%) Adobe XD
3 9 (0.56%) Sketch
4 3 (0.19%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.12%) Fireworks
5 2 (0.12%) Inkscape
6 1 (0.062%) Figma
6 1 (0.062%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 20 (1.25%) SAP S/4HANA
2 14 (0.87%) SAP FI
3 13 (0.81%) SAP CO
3 13 (0.81%) SAP FI/CO
4 10 (0.62%) Magento
5 8 (0.50%) Distributed Ledger
5 8 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
5 8 (0.50%) R3 Corda
6 3 (0.19%) Oracle General Ledger
6 3 (0.19%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 3 (0.19%) Oracle iProcurement
6 3 (0.19%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 2 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
7 2 (0.12%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.12%) SAP HR
7 2 (0.12%) Unica
8 1 (0.062%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.062%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.062%) SAP FI-CA
8 1 (0.062%) SAP Payroll
Cloud Services
1 374 (23.29%) Azure
2 205 (12.76%) AWS
3 102 (6.35%) SaaS
4 66 (4.11%) npm
5 55 (3.42%) GCP
6 40 (2.49%) GitHub
7 33 (2.05%) Serverless
8 29 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
9 21 (1.31%) Power Platform
10 17 (1.06%) AWS Lambda
11 15 (0.93%) IBM Cloud
12 14 (0.87%) Amazon EC2
13 13 (0.81%) Amazon EMR
14 11 (0.68%) Amazon SQS
14 11 (0.68%) NuGet
15 10 (0.62%) Amazon S3
16 9 (0.56%) Azure Active Directory
16 9 (0.56%) Dynamics 365
16 9 (0.56%) iPaaS
17 8 (0.50%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 34 (2.12%) HTTP
2 21 (1.31%) Internet
3 16 (1.00%) TCP/IP
4 10 (0.62%) Broadband
5 9 (0.56%) Tactical Data Link
6 8 (0.50%) FTP
7 7 (0.44%) Bluetooth
8 6 (0.37%) Intranet
9 5 (0.31%) SMTP
9 5 (0.31%) Wireless
10 4 (0.25%) Network Security
11 3 (0.19%) H.323
11 3 (0.19%) HTTPS
11 3 (0.19%) SSH
12 2 (0.12%) ATM
12 2 (0.12%) Wireshark
13 1 (0.062%) AMQP
13 1 (0.062%) Skype
13 1 (0.062%) tcpdump
13 1 (0.062%) WPA2
Database & Business Intelligence
1 358 (22.29%) SQL Server
2 111 (6.91%) MySQL
3 106 (6.60%) NoSQL
4 79 (4.92%) MongoDB
5 73 (4.55%) Relational Database
6 65 (4.05%) Big Data
7 59 (3.67%) PostgreSQL
8 53 (3.30%) Data Warehouse
9 45 (2.80%) Redis
10 44 (2.74%) Hadoop
11 37 (2.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 30 (1.87%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 28 (1.74%) Apache Cassandra
14 25 (1.56%) MariaDB
15 23 (1.43%) SQL Server 2012
16 21 (1.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 20 (1.25%) Power BI
18 19 (1.18%) Oracle Database
18 19 (1.18%) Snowflake Schema
19 18 (1.12%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 508 (31.63%) Git (software)
2 134 (8.34%) JIRA
3 116 (7.22%) Visual Studio
4 102 (6.35%) Jenkins
5 99 (6.16%) NUnit
5 99 (6.16%) Selenium
6 90 (5.60%) webpack
7 69 (4.30%) JUnit
8 68 (4.23%) Jasmine
9 64 (3.99%) Subversion
10 60 (3.74%) Moq
11 59 (3.67%) TeamCity
12 55 (3.42%) Team Foundation Server
13 54 (3.36%) SpecFlow
14 52 (3.24%) MSTest
15 45 (2.80%) Mocha
15 45 (2.80%) Octopus Deploy
16 41 (2.55%) PHPUnit
17 37 (2.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 37 (2.30%) Maven
General
1 220 (13.70%) Finance
2 105 (6.54%) Retail
3 61 (3.80%) Banking
4 40 (2.49%) Manufacturing
5 38 (2.37%) Marketing
6 31 (1.93%) Games
7 27 (1.68%) Telecoms
8 23 (1.43%) Investment Banking
9 22 (1.37%) Legal
9 22 (1.37%) Public Sector
10 21 (1.31%) Electronics
11 13 (0.81%) Law
12 11 (0.68%) Aerospace
13 10 (0.62%) Automotive
14 9 (0.56%) Billing
14 9 (0.56%) Front Office
14 9 (0.56%) Military
15 8 (0.50%) Back Office
16 5 (0.31%) Financial Institution
16 5 (0.31%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,105 (68.80%) Developer
2 260 (16.19%) .NET Developer
3 220 (13.70%) C# Developer
4 207 (12.89%) Software Engineer
5 203 (12.64%) Senior Developer
6 165 (10.27%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 165 (10.27%) Software Developer
7 146 (9.09%) C# .NET Developer
8 124 (7.72%) React Developer
9 114 (7.10%) JavaScript Developer
10 113 (7.04%) Java Developer
11 89 (5.54%) Full Stack Developer
12 85 (5.29%) PHP Developer
13 77 (4.79%) C# Software Developer
14 62 (3.86%) .NET Software Developer
15 60 (3.74%) Senior .NET Developer
16 58 (3.61%) C# Software Engineer
16 58 (3.61%) Senior Software Engineer
17 52 (3.24%) Web Developer
18 50 (3.11%) .NET Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 618 (38.48%) .NET
2 461 (28.70%) HTML
3 438 (27.27%) CSS
4 376 (23.41%) AngularJS
5 355 (22.10%) React
6 290 (18.06%) REST
7 271 (16.87%) .NET Core
8 258 (16.06%) ASP.NET
9 213 (13.26%) HTML5
10 210 (13.08%) Node.js
11 195 (12.14%) Web Services
12 190 (11.83%) .NET Framework
13 176 (10.96%) RESTful
14 173 (10.77%) ASP.NET Web API
15 141 (8.78%) Vue.js
16 140 (8.72%) CSS3
16 140 (8.72%) Sass
17 129 (8.03%) jQuery
18 115 (7.16%) ASP.NET MVC
19 104 (6.48%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 155 (9.65%) Greenfield Project
2 147 (9.15%) User Experience
3 86 (5.35%) Analytical Skills
4 79 (4.92%) Algorithms
5 72 (4.48%) Mobile App
6 60 (3.74%) Self-Motivation
7 36 (2.24%) Data Structures
8 32 (1.99%) Virtual Team
9 30 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
10 24 (1.49%) Management Information System
11 20 (1.25%) Animation
11 20 (1.25%) Blog
12 19 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
13 18 (1.12%) Social Media
14 16 (1.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 15 (0.93%) CMDB
16 14 (0.87%) Cloud Native
17 13 (0.81%) Acoustics
17 13 (0.81%) Client/Server
18 12 (0.75%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 184 (11.46%) Windows
2 163 (10.15%) Linux
3 65 (4.05%) Apple iOS
4 57 (3.55%) Android
5 47 (2.93%) Unix
6 11 (0.68%) Ubuntu
6 11 (0.68%) VMS
7 10 (0.62%) Windows Server
8 6 (0.37%) VxWorks
9 5 (0.31%) SafeRTOS
9 5 (0.31%) Windows 10
10 4 (0.25%) Solaris
11 3 (0.19%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
12 2 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 1 (0.062%) Amazon Linux
13 1 (0.062%) CentOS
13 1 (0.062%) Debian
13 1 (0.062%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 996 (62.02%) Agile Software Development
2 433 (26.96%) TDD
3 425 (26.46%) Software Engineering
4 334 (20.80%) Scrum
5 307 (19.12%) DevOps
6 306 (19.05%) MVC
7 294 (18.31%) Continuous Integration
7 294 (18.31%) Test Automation
8 220 (13.70%) Front End Development
9 217 (13.51%) Microservices
10 175 (10.90%) Computer Science
11 168 (10.46%) OO
12 166 (10.34%) Web Development
13 135 (8.41%) BDD
14 133 (8.28%) Problem-Solving
15 129 (8.03%) SDLC
16 124 (7.72%) OOP
17 115 (7.16%) Analytics
18 109 (6.79%) Integration Testing
19 99 (6.16%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 765 (47.63%) JavaScript
2 688 (42.84%) C#
3 504 (31.38%) SQL
4 329 (20.49%) Java
5 214 (13.33%) Python
6 204 (12.70%) TypeScript
7 145 (9.03%) C++
8 134 (8.34%) PHP
9 91 (5.67%) T-SQL
10 74 (4.61%) C
10 74 (4.61%) ES6
11 49 (3.05%) Java 8
12 42 (2.62%) VB.NET
13 41 (2.55%) Scala
14 40 (2.49%) Kotlin
15 37 (2.30%) PowerShell
16 32 (1.99%) MATLAB
16 32 (1.99%) R
17 30 (1.87%) Apple Swift
18 29 (1.81%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 247 (15.38%) Degree
2 116 (7.22%) Computer Science Degree
3 46 (2.86%) Security Cleared
4 30 (1.87%) SC Cleared
5 20 (1.25%) ISTQB
6 12 (0.75%) ISEB
7 9 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
8 7 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
9 4 (0.25%) MCPD
9 4 (0.25%) MCSD
10 3 (0.19%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.19%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.19%) MBCS
11 1 (0.062%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.062%) CTC Cleared
11 1 (0.062%) HNC
11 1 (0.062%) HND
11 1 (0.062%) ITIL Certification
11 1 (0.062%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.062%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 175 (10.90%) QA
2 14 (0.87%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 9 (0.56%) NIST
4 8 (0.50%) Data Quality
5 6 (0.37%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 6 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.25%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.19%) DICOM
7 3 (0.19%) JTAG
8 2 (0.12%) MiFID
8 2 (0.12%) SLA
9 1 (0.062%) GDPR
9 1 (0.062%) IFRS
9 1 (0.062%) IFRS 9
9 1 (0.062%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 276 (17.19%) Docker
2 16 (1.00%) VirtualBox
3 10 (0.62%) Active Directory
4 7 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 6 (0.37%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.19%) Firmware
6 3 (0.19%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.19%) KVM
6 3 (0.19%) Microsoft App-V
6 3 (0.19%) vSphere
7 1 (0.062%) Cronacle
7 1 (0.062%) Varnish
7 1 (0.062%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 174 (10.83%) Kubernetes
2 42 (2.62%) Ansible
3 40 (2.49%) Terraform
4 16 (1.00%) Docker Swarm
5 15 (0.93%) Opscode Chef
6 11 (0.68%) Puppet
7 6 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
8 4 (0.25%) Control-M
8 4 (0.25%) MIIS
9 3 (0.19%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
9 3 (0.19%) vRealize
10 2 (0.12%) Kibana
10 2 (0.12%) Mesos
10 2 (0.12%) Packer
11 1 (0.062%) BMC PATROL
11 1 (0.062%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.062%) rkt
11 1 (0.062%) SCCM
11 1 (0.062%) WSUS
11 1 (0.062%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 219 (13.64%) Microsoft
2 97 (6.04%) Oracle
3 71 (4.42%) Google
4 37 (2.30%) SAP
5 35 (2.18%) IBM
6 24 (1.49%) Xamarin
7 23 (1.43%) VMware
8 19 (1.18%) Informatica
9 16 (1.00%) Zend
10 15 (0.93%) Adobe
10 15 (0.93%) Apple
10 15 (0.93%) Cloudera
10 15 (0.93%) Hortonworks
10 15 (0.93%) Tableau
10 15 (0.93%) Teradata
11 14 (0.87%) Sitecore
12 13 (0.81%) Atlassian
12 13 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
13 8 (0.50%) Talend
14 7 (0.44%) Red Hat