Period
to 19 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 19 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
19 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 129 120 108
Rank change year-on-year -9 -12 +16
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 3,855 4,799 4,957
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.68% 2.79% 2.88%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.91% 3.03% 3.14%
Number of salaries quoted 3,251 4,021 4,256
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -1.04%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -5.56%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 132,251 158,378 158,006
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.03% 92.00% 91.75%
Number of salaries quoted 103,737 127,468 128,710
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £27,750
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 19 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 3,485 £52,500 +5.00% 130
UK excluding London -21 2,336 £47,500 +5.56% 93
London +1 1,357 £65,000 +8.33% 47
South East +3 946 £50,000 +7.53% 29
North of England -72 396 £45,000 - 21
Midlands 0 314 £47,500 +5.56% 12
South West -14 281 £44,500 -3.26% 16
North West -47 196 £45,000 - 12
East of England -5 174 £50,000 +5.26% 5
East Midlands +4 170 £47,500 +11.76% 4
Yorkshire -72 162 £45,000 - 3
West Midlands +7 144 £46,250 +2.78% 8
Scotland -44 110 £45,000 - 6
Wales +34 60 £35,000 -10.26% 3
Northern Ireland +20 56 £50,000 -4.76% 1
North East -3 35 £47,500 +17.28% 6

For the 6 months to 19 June 2019, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,182 (56.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,928 (50.01%) C#
3 1,746 (45.29%) JavaScript
4 1,671 (43.35%) .NET
5 1,427 (37.02%) SQL
6 1,272 (33.00%) HTML
7 1,243 (32.24%) CSS
8 1,146 (29.73%) TDD
9 1,070 (27.76%) Software Engineering
10 1,024 (26.56%) SQL Server
11 1,016 (26.36%) Git (software)
12 966 (25.06%) MVC
13 951 (24.67%) Java
14 906 (23.50%) Microsoft
15 902 (23.40%) ASP.NET
16 880 (22.83%) AngularJS
17 849 (22.02%) Scrum
18 741 (19.22%) Microsoft Azure
19 733 (19.01%) Continuous Integration
20 682 (17.69%) Finance
21 643 (16.68%) React
22 625 (16.21%) Test Automation
23 602 (15.62%) Python
24 599 (15.54%) OO
24 599 (15.54%) .NET Framework
25 564 (14.63%) Degree
26 537 (13.93%) HTML5
27 536 (13.90%) jQuery
28 534 (13.85%) Amazon AWS
29 521 (13.51%) DevOps

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 136 (3.53%) Apache
2 101 (2.62%) Elasticsearch
3 96 (2.49%) IIS
4 80 (2.08%) CMS
4 80 (2.08%) Confluence
5 72 (1.87%) Umbraco
6 48 (1.25%) nginx
6 48 (1.25%) Tomcat
7 43 (1.12%) SharePoint
8 34 (0.88%) WordPress
9 32 (0.83%) WebSphere
10 28 (0.73%) Apache Spark
11 20 (0.52%) CICS
12 19 (0.49%) OpenStack
13 18 (0.47%) Sitecore CMS
14 16 (0.42%) Cloud Foundry
14 16 (0.42%) JBoss
15 15 (0.39%) Apache Solr
15 15 (0.39%) NServiceBus
16 12 (0.31%) CloudStack
Applications
1 39 (1.01%) Chatbot
2 36 (0.93%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
5 8 (0.21%) Photoshop
5 8 (0.21%) Sketch
6 7 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.18%) MS Visio
7 4 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.078%) Notepad++
8 3 (0.078%) Simulink
9 1 (0.026%) Adobe XD
9 1 (0.026%) Figma
9 1 (0.026%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 66 (1.71%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (0.49%) Magento
3 18 (0.47%) SAP S/4HANA
4 9 (0.23%) SAP BPC
5 8 (0.21%) Fredhopper
5 8 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
6 7 (0.18%) Shopify
7 6 (0.16%) SAP CO
7 6 (0.16%) SAP FI
7 6 (0.16%) SAP FI/CO
8 5 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
8 5 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
8 5 (0.13%) SAP IS-U
9 4 (0.10%) NetSuite
9 4 (0.10%) SAP ERP
10 3 (0.078%) Oracle EBS
10 3 (0.078%) R3 Corda
10 3 (0.078%) SAP PS
11 2 (0.052%) Oracle ERP
11 2 (0.052%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 741 (19.22%) Microsoft Azure
2 534 (13.85%) Amazon AWS
3 143 (3.71%) GitHub
4 138 (3.58%) Google Cloud Platform
5 112 (2.91%) Serverless
6 109 (2.83%) SaaS
7 104 (2.70%) npm
8 79 (2.05%) AWS CloudFormation
9 58 (1.50%) AWS Lambda
10 53 (1.37%) Power Platform
11 52 (1.35%) PaaS
12 27 (0.70%) Dynamics 365
13 26 (0.67%) Google Compute Engine
14 25 (0.65%) Google Play
15 24 (0.62%) Cloud Computing
16 23 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
16 23 (0.60%) Azure Stack
17 22 (0.57%) IaaS
18 16 (0.42%) Amazon S3
18 16 (0.42%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 64 (1.66%) Internet
2 50 (1.30%) TCP/IP
3 49 (1.27%) HTTP
4 26 (0.67%) Modbus
4 26 (0.67%) RS-485
5 25 (0.65%) Broadband
6 20 (0.52%) FTP
7 14 (0.36%) SSH
7 14 (0.36%) SSL
8 12 (0.31%) MQTT
8 12 (0.31%) SMTP
9 11 (0.29%) VPN
10 10 (0.26%) Bluetooth
10 10 (0.26%) Wi-Fi
11 8 (0.21%) RTP
12 7 (0.18%) DLNA
12 7 (0.18%) UPnP
13 5 (0.13%) DNS
14 4 (0.10%) Network Security
14 4 (0.10%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,024 (26.56%) SQL Server
2 341 (8.85%) MySQL
3 249 (6.46%) Relational Database
4 247 (6.41%) NoSQL
5 188 (4.88%) Big Data
6 166 (4.31%) MongoDB
7 155 (4.02%) Redis
8 140 (3.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 129 (3.35%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 126 (3.27%) Data Warehouse
11 106 (2.75%) Apache Cassandra
12 90 (2.33%) PostgreSQL
13 78 (2.02%) RDBMS
14 71 (1.84%) Hadoop
14 71 (1.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 70 (1.82%) Oracle Database
15 70 (1.82%) SQL Server 2012
16 60 (1.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 53 (1.37%) SQL Server 2008
18 47 (1.22%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 1,016 (26.36%) Git (software)
2 310 (8.04%) Visual Studio
3 289 (7.50%) JIRA
4 269 (6.98%) Team Foundation Server
5 247 (6.41%) Selenium
6 245 (6.36%) Jenkins
7 206 (5.34%) NUnit
8 199 (5.16%) TeamCity
9 180 (4.67%) JUnit
10 158 (4.10%) Subversion
11 144 (3.74%) webpack
12 121 (3.14%) Maven
13 117 (3.04%) Jasmine
14 115 (2.98%) Octopus Deploy
15 102 (2.65%) Bitbucket
16 98 (2.54%) Mocha
17 94 (2.44%) Visual Studio Team System
18 91 (2.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 89 (2.31%) Eclipse
19 89 (2.31%) SpecFlow
General
1 682 (17.69%) Finance
2 239 (6.20%) Retail
3 136 (3.53%) Banking
4 119 (3.09%) Marketing
5 85 (2.20%) Manufacturing
6 84 (2.18%) Advertising
7 72 (1.87%) Games
8 71 (1.84%) Telecoms
9 51 (1.32%) Electronics
10 37 (0.96%) Legal
11 33 (0.86%) Automotive
12 32 (0.83%) Financial Institution
13 31 (0.80%) Front Office
14 30 (0.78%) Law
15 21 (0.54%) Local Government
16 14 (0.36%) Publishing
17 13 (0.34%) Back Office
17 13 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
18 12 (0.31%) Aerospace
19 9 (0.23%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 2,680 (69.52%) Developer
2 730 (18.94%) .NET Developer
3 652 (16.91%) C# Developer
4 513 (13.31%) Senior Developer
5 462 (11.98%) Software Engineer
6 403 (10.45%) C# .NET Developer
7 379 (9.83%) Java Developer
8 375 (9.73%) Software Developer
9 203 (5.27%) Full Stack Developer
10 199 (5.16%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 197 (5.11%) JavaScript Developer
12 180 (4.67%) Junior
13 168 (4.36%) PHP Developer
14 165 (4.28%) C# Software Developer
15 161 (4.18%) Lead Developer
16 153 (3.97%) Senior .NET Developer
17 151 (3.92%) ASP.NET Developer
18 147 (3.81%) Java Engineer
19 144 (3.74%) C# ASP.NET Developer
20 141 (3.66%) .NET Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,671 (43.35%) .NET
2 1,272 (33.00%) HTML
3 1,243 (32.24%) CSS
4 902 (23.40%) ASP.NET
5 880 (22.83%) AngularJS
6 643 (16.68%) React
7 599 (15.54%) .NET Framework
8 537 (13.93%) HTML5
9 536 (13.90%) jQuery
10 508 (13.18%) ASP.NET Web API
11 504 (13.07%) ASP.NET MVC
12 489 (12.68%) Web Services
13 450 (11.67%) REST
14 430 (11.15%) Node.js
15 405 (10.51%) RESTful
16 341 (8.85%) Entity Framework
17 305 (7.91%) Spring
18 304 (7.89%) .NET Core
19 302 (7.83%) CSS3
20 255 (6.61%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 318 (8.25%) User Experience
2 222 (5.76%) Greenfield Project
3 205 (5.32%) Analytical Skills
4 149 (3.87%) Algorithms
5 146 (3.79%) Mobile App
6 144 (3.74%) Enterprise Software
7 131 (3.40%) Self-Motivation
8 93 (2.41%) Data Structures
9 60 (1.56%) Embedded Systems
10 54 (1.40%) Virtual Team
11 50 (1.30%) Robotics
12 48 (1.25%) Linux Command Line
13 44 (1.14%) Hedge funds
14 39 (1.01%) Blog
15 38 (0.99%) Internet of Things
16 34 (0.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 30 (0.78%) Equities
17 30 (0.78%) Management Information System
18 29 (0.75%) Client/Server
18 29 (0.75%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 505 (13.10%) Linux
2 471 (12.22%) Windows
3 222 (5.76%) Android
4 215 (5.58%) Apple iOS
5 86 (2.23%) Unix
6 62 (1.61%) Windows Server
7 56 (1.45%) Ubuntu
8 29 (0.75%) Debian
9 27 (0.70%) FreeRTOS
10 24 (0.62%) Mac OS
11 20 (0.52%) MVS
12 17 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 17 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
13 14 (0.36%) CentOS
14 9 (0.23%) AIX
15 8 (0.21%) ThreadX
16 4 (0.10%) Windows Mobile
17 3 (0.078%) Embedded Linux
18 2 (0.052%) Solaris
18 2 (0.052%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,182 (56.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,146 (29.73%) TDD
3 1,070 (27.76%) Software Engineering
4 966 (25.06%) MVC
5 849 (22.02%) Scrum
6 733 (19.01%) Continuous Integration
7 625 (16.21%) Test Automation
8 599 (15.54%) OO
9 521 (13.51%) DevOps
10 460 (11.93%) BDD
11 414 (10.74%) Web Development
12 413 (10.71%) Microservices
13 404 (10.48%) Problem-Solving
14 401 (10.40%) Front End Development
15 380 (9.86%) SDLC
16 361 (9.36%) Mentoring
17 342 (8.87%) Computer Science
18 292 (7.57%) OOP
19 287 (7.44%) Analytics
20 243 (6.30%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,928 (50.01%) C#
2 1,746 (45.29%) JavaScript
3 1,427 (37.02%) SQL
4 951 (24.67%) Java
5 602 (15.62%) Python
6 382 (9.91%) C++
7 338 (8.77%) PHP
8 277 (7.19%) T-SQL
9 254 (6.59%) TypeScript
10 232 (6.02%) C
11 211 (5.47%) ES6
12 109 (2.83%) Java 8
13 98 (2.54%) VB.NET
14 96 (2.49%) PowerShell
15 81 (2.10%) Scala
16 72 (1.87%) PL/SQL
17 68 (1.76%) Bash Shell
18 64 (1.66%) Apple Swift
19 52 (1.35%) Go
19 52 (1.35%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 564 (14.63%) Degree
2 148 (3.84%) Computer Science Degree
3 90 (2.33%) Security Cleared
4 73 (1.89%) Microsoft Certification
5 68 (1.76%) SC Cleared
6 42 (1.09%) DV Cleared
6 42 (1.09%) Master's Degree
7 30 (0.78%) MCP
8 22 (0.57%) ISEB
8 22 (0.57%) ISTQB
9 13 (0.34%) PhD
10 12 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
11 10 (0.26%) DBS Check
11 10 (0.26%) Postgraduate
12 4 (0.10%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 3 (0.078%) HND
14 2 (0.052%) ITIL Certification
14 2 (0.052%) MCSE
14 2 (0.052%) Sun Certification
15 1 (0.026%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 353 (9.16%) QA
2 39 (1.01%) WAI
3 29 (0.75%) DICOM
4 15 (0.39%) IEC 61508
5 14 (0.36%) GDPR
6 11 (0.29%) Data Quality
7 6 (0.16%) HL7
7 6 (0.16%) MiFID
7 6 (0.16%) SLA
8 5 (0.13%) EMIR
9 3 (0.078%) Dodd-Frank
9 3 (0.078%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.078%) PMO
9 3 (0.078%) Solvency II
10 2 (0.052%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 2 (0.052%) MISRA
11 1 (0.026%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.026%) ISO 26262
11 1 (0.026%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.026%) WCAG
System Software
1 370 (9.60%) Docker
2 37 (0.96%) Active Directory
3 34 (0.88%) Firmware
4 26 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 10 (0.26%) vSphere
6 8 (0.21%) Varnish
7 5 (0.13%) Apache Flume
7 5 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
8 4 (0.10%) VirtualBox
9 3 (0.078%) Hyper-V
9 3 (0.078%) Terminal Server
9 3 (0.078%) VMware Infrastructure
10 1 (0.026%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.026%) Xen
10 1 (0.026%) zsh
Systems Management
1 205 (5.32%) Kubernetes
2 76 (1.97%) Ansible
3 71 (1.84%) Terraform
4 49 (1.27%) Opscode Chef
5 32 (0.83%) Puppet
6 27 (0.70%) HP Quality Center
7 19 (0.49%) Docker Swarm
8 14 (0.36%) Packer
9 12 (0.31%) Control-M
9 12 (0.31%) SCOM
10 11 (0.29%) Rancher
11 8 (0.21%) Business Desktop Deployment
11 8 (0.21%) CA Service Virtualization
12 6 (0.16%) SQL Sentry
12 6 (0.16%) Tivoli
13 5 (0.13%) Icinga
13 5 (0.13%) Prometheus
14 3 (0.078%) Single Sign-On
14 3 (0.078%) ZABBIX
15 2 (0.052%) MIIS
Vendors
1 906 (23.50%) Microsoft
2 198 (5.14%) Oracle
3 161 (4.18%) Google
4 97 (2.52%) SAP
5 58 (1.50%) Sitecore
6 56 (1.45%) Xamarin
7 50 (1.30%) Tableau
8 44 (1.14%) Atlassian
9 41 (1.06%) Zend
10 33 (0.86%) IBM
11 27 (0.70%) ForgeRock
12 26 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
13 25 (0.65%) Cypress Semiconductor
14 19 (0.49%) Pega
15 18 (0.47%) Informatica
16 16 (0.42%) Adobe
16 16 (0.42%) Splunk
16 16 (0.42%) VMware
17 14 (0.36%) Fidessa
17 14 (0.36%) Retek