Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 126 133 121
Rank change year-on-year +7 -12 0
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 2,157 2,904 4,115
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.60% 2.55% 2.76%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.81% 2.77% 2.99%
Number of salaries quoted 1,764 2,315 3,476
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,250 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
90th Percentile £84,700 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 76,792 104,892 137,408
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.47% 92.14% 92.30%
Number of salaries quoted 59,116 84,257 109,289
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 1,939 £55,000 +4.76% 470
UK excluding London -15 1,237 £50,000 +5.26% 336
London +44 786 £70,000 +7.69% 175
South East +1 443 £52,500 +8.25% 78
Work from Home -50 400 £57,500 +10.58% 84
North of England +28 350 £50,000 - 82
Yorkshire +59 203 £50,000 +11.11% 30
South West -27 161 £50,000 +11.11% 43
North West -12 138 £50,000 - 37
Midlands -65 111 £50,000 - 64
West Midlands -6 84 £50,000 +5.26% 41
Scotland -22 63 £50,000 +11.11% 23
East of England -28 58 £53,750 +2.38% 26
Isle of Man +2 27 £49,500 +4.21%
East Midlands -82 27 £40,000 -27.27% 23
Wales +22 19 £47,500 +17.69% 15
North East +12 9 £42,000 -6.67% 15
Northern Ireland -15 5 £37,500 -11.76% 6
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,184 (54.89%) Agile Software Development
2 1,173 (54.38%) JavaScript
3 846 (39.22%) C#
4 746 (34.59%) SQL
5 700 (32.45%) .NET
6 665 (30.83%) Git (software)
7 644 (29.86%) Azure
8 638 (29.58%) CSS
9 620 (28.74%) HTML
10 613 (28.42%) React
11 609 (28.23%) Software Engineering
12 577 (26.75%) TDD
13 517 (23.97%) AngularJS
14 461 (21.37%) AWS
15 444 (20.58%) Java
16 437 (20.26%) DevOps
17 405 (18.78%) Docker
18 402 (18.64%) MVC
19 396 (18.36%) Microservices
20 395 (18.31%) Test Automation
21 386 (17.90%) Scrum
22 385 (17.85%) .NET Core
23 370 (17.15%) SQL Server
24 358 (16.60%) Kubernetes
25 357 (16.55%) TypeScript
26 326 (15.11%) Continuous Integration
27 323 (14.97%) Vue.js
28 318 (14.74%) Node.js
28 318 (14.74%) REST
29 317 (14.70%) Finance

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (4.78%) CMS
2 98 (4.54%) Confluence
3 74 (3.43%) Apache Spark
4 49 (2.27%) EPiServer
5 42 (1.95%) WordPress
6 36 (1.67%) Elasticsearch
7 27 (1.25%) IIS
8 23 (1.07%) Apache
8 23 (1.07%) SharePoint
8 23 (1.07%) Tomcat
9 17 (0.79%) Apache Solr
10 13 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 12 (0.56%) Headless CMS
12 11 (0.51%) nginx
13 10 (0.46%) WebSphere
14 8 (0.37%) Sitecore CMS
15 7 (0.32%) JBoss
15 7 (0.32%) Tornado
16 6 (0.28%) Anypoint
16 6 (0.28%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 32 (1.48%) Microsoft Office
2 15 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.51%) Figma
3 11 (0.51%) InVision
4 9 (0.42%) Photoshop
5 5 (0.23%) Chatbot
5 5 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.23%) UXPin
6 3 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.093%) Fireworks
7 2 (0.093%) GIMP
7 2 (0.093%) Inkscape
7 2 (0.093%) Simulink
8 1 (0.046%) SOLIDWORKS
8 1 (0.046%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 10 (0.46%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 9 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.42%) Magento
3 5 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
3 5 (0.23%) NetSuite
3 5 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.14%) Adobe Campaign
4 3 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.093%) Eikon
5 2 (0.093%) Maximo
6 1 (0.046%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 1 (0.046%) MetaTrader
6 1 (0.046%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.046%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.046%) Radian6
6 1 (0.046%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.046%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 644 (29.86%) Azure
2 461 (21.37%) AWS
3 217 (10.06%) GCP
4 114 (5.29%) SaaS
5 111 (5.15%) Serverless
6 97 (4.50%) AWS CloudFormation
7 54 (2.50%) Amazon EMR
8 47 (2.18%) GitHub
8 47 (2.18%) IBM Cloud
9 42 (1.95%) Power Platform
10 36 (1.67%) Azure Active Directory
10 36 (1.67%) npm
11 34 (1.58%) AWS Lambda
12 32 (1.48%) PaaS
13 27 (1.25%) Azure Functions
13 27 (1.25%) Dynamics 365
14 26 (1.21%) Amazon EKS
15 25 (1.16%) Google App Engine
16 23 (1.07%) Amazon S3
17 22 (1.02%) iPaaS
Communications & Networking
1 24 (1.11%) Internet
2 23 (1.07%) HTTP
3 20 (0.93%) Broadband
4 15 (0.70%) TCP/IP
5 11 (0.51%) Modbus
5 11 (0.51%) Network Security
5 11 (0.51%) RS-422
5 11 (0.51%) RS-485
6 9 (0.42%) AMQP
7 7 (0.32%) Firewall
8 6 (0.28%) H.323
8 6 (0.28%) SSL
8 6 (0.28%) Tactical Data Link
8 6 (0.28%) Wireshark
9 5 (0.23%) Bluetooth
9 5 (0.23%) SSH
9 5 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
10 4 (0.19%) Reverse Proxy
10 4 (0.19%) SMTP
11 3 (0.14%) UPnP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 370 (17.15%) SQL Server
2 217 (10.06%) NoSQL
3 214 (9.92%) MySQL
4 143 (6.63%) Relational Database
5 119 (5.52%) PostgreSQL
6 93 (4.31%) MongoDB
7 82 (3.80%) Redis
8 76 (3.52%) Big Data
9 69 (3.20%) Amazon Redshift
10 66 (3.06%) Hadoop
11 64 (2.97%) Amazon Athena
12 55 (2.55%) Neo4j
13 44 (2.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 42 (1.95%) Electronic Patient Records
15 40 (1.85%) Power BI
16 36 (1.67%) Azure SQL Database
17 35 (1.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 31 (1.44%) Data Warehouse
19 24 (1.11%) Apache Cassandra
19 24 (1.11%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 665 (30.83%) Git (software)
2 205 (9.50%) Jenkins
3 174 (8.07%) JIRA
4 154 (7.14%) Selenium
5 111 (5.15%) Cypress.io
6 100 (4.64%) webpack
7 87 (4.03%) Visual Studio
8 85 (3.94%) JUnit
8 85 (3.94%) Maven
9 78 (3.62%) TeamCity
10 74 (3.43%) Subversion
11 62 (2.87%) Octopus Deploy
11 62 (2.87%) Storybook
12 61 (2.83%) Mocha
13 59 (2.74%) Team Foundation Server
14 57 (2.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 56 (2.60%) gulp
16 53 (2.46%) Grunt
16 53 (2.46%) Mockito
17 52 (2.41%) Vagrant
General
1 317 (14.70%) Finance
2 133 (6.17%) Banking
3 107 (4.96%) Retail
4 55 (2.55%) Games
5 33 (1.53%) Public Sector
5 33 (1.53%) Telecoms
6 32 (1.48%) Marketing
7 27 (1.25%) Electronics
8 24 (1.11%) Manufacturing
8 24 (1.11%) Publishing
9 20 (0.93%) Advertising
9 20 (0.93%) Law
10 17 (0.79%) Back Office
10 17 (0.79%) Investment Banking
11 16 (0.74%) Aerospace
12 15 (0.70%) Automotive
12 15 (0.70%) Front Office
13 12 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
14 9 (0.42%) Financial Institution
15 8 (0.37%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,446 (67.04%) Developer
2 353 (16.37%) Senior Developer
3 300 (13.91%) Software Engineer
4 277 (12.84%) .NET Developer
5 220 (10.20%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 208 (9.64%) C# Developer
7 187 (8.67%) Full Stack Developer
8 183 (8.48%) React Developer
9 164 (7.60%) Software Developer
10 157 (7.28%) Java Developer
11 149 (6.91%) C# .NET Developer
12 142 (6.58%) PHP Developer
13 131 (6.07%) Lead Developer
14 117 (5.42%) JavaScript Developer
15 84 (3.89%) Senior Software Engineer
16 74 (3.43%) Angular Developer
17 72 (3.34%) Architect
18 67 (3.11%) SQL Developer
19 62 (2.87%) Senior .NET Developer
20 60 (2.78%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 700 (32.45%) .NET
2 638 (29.58%) CSS
3 620 (28.74%) HTML
4 613 (28.42%) React
5 517 (23.97%) AngularJS
6 385 (17.85%) .NET Core
7 323 (14.97%) Vue.js
8 318 (14.74%) Node.js
8 318 (14.74%) REST
9 273 (12.66%) RESTful
10 265 (12.29%) Web Services
11 246 (11.40%) jQuery
12 231 (10.71%) HTML5
13 216 (10.01%) .NET Framework
14 192 (8.90%) Redux
15 166 (7.70%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 158 (7.32%) Spring
17 156 (7.23%) ASP.NET Web API
18 152 (7.05%) ASP.NET
19 151 (7.00%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 187 (8.67%) User Experience
2 139 (6.44%) Analytical Skills
3 122 (5.66%) Greenfield Project
4 112 (5.19%) Mobile App
5 69 (3.20%) Virtual Team
6 58 (2.69%) Data Structures
7 57 (2.64%) Self-Motivation
8 49 (2.27%) N-Tier
9 46 (2.13%) Enterprise Software
10 44 (2.04%) Algorithms
11 29 (1.34%) Management Information System
12 27 (1.25%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 21 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
14 17 (0.79%) Equities
15 16 (0.74%) Fixed Income
16 14 (0.65%) Wiki
17 13 (0.60%) Cloud Native
18 12 (0.56%) Embedded Systems
19 11 (0.51%) Acoustics
19 11 (0.51%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 175 (8.11%) Linux
2 147 (6.82%) Windows
3 142 (6.58%) Android
4 129 (5.98%) Apple iOS
5 44 (2.04%) Unix
6 18 (0.83%) Windows Server
7 8 (0.37%) Ubuntu
8 5 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
8 5 (0.23%) VMS
9 4 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.14%) CentOS
10 3 (0.14%) Debian
10 3 (0.14%) Nucleus RTOS
10 3 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.046%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,184 (54.89%) Agile Software Development
2 609 (28.23%) Software Engineering
3 577 (26.75%) TDD
4 437 (20.26%) DevOps
5 402 (18.64%) MVC
6 396 (18.36%) Microservices
7 395 (18.31%) Test Automation
8 386 (17.90%) Scrum
9 326 (15.11%) Continuous Integration
10 300 (13.91%) OO
11 293 (13.58%) Front End Development
12 264 (12.24%) OOP
13 240 (11.13%) Problem-Solving
14 230 (10.66%) SOLID
15 216 (10.01%) Web Development
16 210 (9.74%) Analytics
17 195 (9.04%) Mentoring
18 192 (8.90%) Computer Science
18 192 (8.90%) Fintech
19 162 (7.51%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 1,173 (54.38%) JavaScript
2 846 (39.22%) C#
3 746 (34.59%) SQL
4 444 (20.58%) Java
5 357 (16.55%) TypeScript
6 309 (14.33%) Python
7 222 (10.29%) C++
8 219 (10.15%) PHP
9 126 (5.84%) ES6
10 119 (5.52%) Kotlin
11 107 (4.96%) T-SQL
12 96 (4.45%) Scala
13 89 (4.13%) Java 8
14 87 (4.03%) Go
14 87 (4.03%) Ruby
15 79 (3.66%) PowerShell
16 63 (2.92%) C
17 53 (2.46%) PL/SQL
18 45 (2.09%) Apple Swift
19 33 (1.53%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 253 (11.73%) Degree
2 99 (4.59%) Computer Science Degree
3 66 (3.06%) Security Cleared
4 48 (2.23%) SC Cleared
5 24 (1.11%) HND
6 22 (1.02%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 21 (0.97%) HNC
8 16 (0.74%) Master's Degree
9 10 (0.46%) DV Cleared
10 7 (0.32%) PhD
11 4 (0.19%) ISTQB
11 4 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
12 3 (0.14%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.14%) OCP
12 3 (0.14%) Oracle Certification
13 1 (0.046%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 118 (5.47%) QA
2 16 (0.74%) NIST
3 12 (0.56%) SLA
4 8 (0.37%) PSD2
5 6 (0.28%) GDPR
5 6 (0.28%) PCI DSS
6 5 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 3 (0.14%) DICOM
8 2 (0.093%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 2 (0.093%) GxP
8 2 (0.093%) JTAG
8 2 (0.093%) WCAG
9 1 (0.046%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.046%) IFRS
9 1 (0.046%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.046%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.046%) MISRA
9 1 (0.046%) NCSC
9 1 (0.046%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 405 (18.78%) Docker
2 48 (2.23%) VirtualBox
3 40 (1.85%) Active Directory
4 8 (0.37%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.28%) Hyper-V
5 6 (0.28%) KVM
6 3 (0.14%) HDFS
7 2 (0.093%) Apache Flume
7 2 (0.093%) Firmware
8 1 (0.046%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.046%) Varnish
8 1 (0.046%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 358 (16.60%) Kubernetes
2 247 (11.45%) Terraform
3 90 (4.17%) Ansible
4 49 (2.27%) Docker Swarm
5 10 (0.46%) Prometheus
6 8 (0.37%) HP Fortify
7 7 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
8 6 (0.28%) Opscode Chef
9 4 (0.19%) Argo
10 3 (0.14%) Grafana
10 3 (0.14%) Hadoop YARN
10 3 (0.14%) Puppet
11 2 (0.093%) Control-M
11 2 (0.093%) Kibana
11 2 (0.093%) MIIS
11 2 (0.093%) Packer
12 1 (0.046%) Galera Cluster
12 1 (0.046%) Graphite
12 1 (0.046%) HAProxy
12 1 (0.046%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 219 (10.15%) Microsoft
2 131 (6.07%) Google
3 114 (5.29%) Oracle
4 80 (3.71%) IBM
5 55 (2.55%) Cloudera
5 55 (2.55%) Hortonworks
6 49 (2.27%) Informatica
7 46 (2.13%) Talend
7 46 (2.13%) Xamarin
8 32 (1.48%) VMware
9 29 (1.34%) Twitter
10 25 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
11 16 (0.74%) SAP
11 16 (0.74%) Telerik
12 15 (0.70%) Atlassian
12 15 (0.70%) WooCommerce
13 13 (0.60%) Apple
14 10 (0.46%) hybris
14 10 (0.46%) MuleSoft
14 10 (0.46%) Zend