Period
to 30 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 30 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK
6 months to
30 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 115 142 125
Rank change year-on-year +27 -17 -8
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 1,390 3,418 4,453
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.78% 2.49% 2.71%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.01% 2.70% 2.94%
Number of salaries quoted 1,424 3,046 3,871
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £81,250 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 46,172 126,408 151,261
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.38% 92.22% 91.93%
Number of salaries quoted 38,067 99,838 120,169
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,674 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.89% - +5.88%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing over the 6 months to 30 October 2020.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in the UK

Unit Testing
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the UK over the 6 months to 30 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +27 1,272 £55,000 - 322
UK excluding London +32 930 £50,000 - 232
London -18 402 £60,000 -7.69% 126
South East +20 303 £55,000 +10.00% 41
North of England +72 297 £50,000 +11.11% 73
Work from Home +39 247 £55,000 -4.35% 58
Yorkshire +121 153 £47,500 +5.56% 21
North West +28 119 £50,000 +11.11% 42
South West +31 109 £47,500 - 32
Midlands -9 93 £45,000 -10.00% 36
West Midlands +58 63 £45,000 -2.17% 25
East of England +87 56 £60,000 +4.35% 15
Scotland +57 53 £46,250 +0.54% 22
East Midlands -31 30 £42,500 -15.00% 11
North East +30 25 £50,000 +5.26% 10
Wales +16 9 £52,500 +31.25% 10
Northern Ireland -18 9 £36,250 -39.58% 3
Isle of Man - 1 £49,500 - 1

For the 6 months to 30 October 2020, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 870 (62.59%) Agile Software Development
2 763 (54.89%) JavaScript
3 550 (39.57%) C#
4 519 (37.34%) .NET
5 483 (34.75%) SQL
6 454 (32.66%) Git (software)
7 419 (30.14%) Software Engineering
8 409 (29.42%) HTML
9 403 (28.99%) CSS
10 365 (26.26%) TDD
11 355 (25.54%) AngularJS
12 348 (25.04%) Azure
13 332 (23.88%) React
14 316 (22.73%) Scrum
15 308 (22.16%) REST
16 305 (21.94%) DevOps
17 296 (21.29%) SQL Server
18 294 (21.15%) Java
19 286 (20.58%) Test Automation
20 270 (19.42%) Node.js
21 263 (18.92%) TypeScript
22 261 (18.78%) MVC
23 248 (17.84%) Microservices
24 238 (17.12%) .NET Core
25 234 (16.83%) Continuous Integration
26 232 (16.69%) AWS
27 229 (16.47%) Docker
28 225 (16.19%) RESTful
29 201 (14.46%) Microsoft
30 200 (14.39%) Degree

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (5.04%) Confluence
2 34 (2.45%) IIS
3 29 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
4 26 (1.87%) SharePoint
5 21 (1.51%) CMS
6 14 (1.01%) Apache
7 13 (0.94%) Umbraco
8 11 (0.79%) WordPress
9 10 (0.72%) Sitecore CMS
10 8 (0.58%) Apache Spark
10 8 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 7 (0.50%) EPiServer
11 7 (0.50%) Headless CMS
11 7 (0.50%) Kentico
12 6 (0.43%) JBoss
12 6 (0.43%) Liferay
13 5 (0.36%) MQSeries
13 5 (0.36%) nginx
13 5 (0.36%) Tornado
14 3 (0.22%) WildFly
Applications
1 12 (0.86%) Microsoft Project
2 7 (0.50%) Figma
3 5 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.29%) Adobe Illustrator
4 4 (0.29%) Fireworks
4 4 (0.29%) Inkscape
4 4 (0.29%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.072%) AutoCAD
6 1 (0.072%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.072%) InVision
6 1 (0.072%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.072%) Sketch
6 1 (0.072%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 15 (1.08%) SAP S/4HANA
2 10 (0.72%) Adobe Campaign
2 10 (0.72%) Unica
3 9 (0.65%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 8 (0.58%) Distributed Ledger
4 8 (0.58%) Magento
4 8 (0.58%) R3 Corda
4 8 (0.58%) SAP CO
4 8 (0.58%) SAP FI
4 8 (0.58%) SAP FI/CO
5 7 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.36%) Oracle BPM
7 4 (0.29%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.14%) Oracle General Ledger
8 2 (0.14%) Oracle Internet Expenses
8 2 (0.14%) Oracle iProcurement
8 2 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 1 (0.072%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 348 (25.04%) Azure
2 232 (16.69%) AWS
3 70 (5.04%) npm
4 67 (4.82%) SaaS
5 55 (3.96%) GCP
6 39 (2.81%) Serverless
7 36 (2.59%) Cloud Computing
8 35 (2.52%) GitHub
9 20 (1.44%) Dynamics 365
10 16 (1.15%) AWS CloudFormation
10 16 (1.15%) AWS Lambda
11 14 (1.01%) Yarn
12 12 (0.86%) Power Platform
13 11 (0.79%) iPaaS
13 11 (0.79%) PaaS
14 10 (0.72%) Amazon EC2
14 10 (0.72%) Azure Data Factory
14 10 (0.72%) Heroku
15 9 (0.65%) Azure Active Directory
15 9 (0.65%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 35 (2.52%) HTTP
2 17 (1.22%) Internet
3 11 (0.79%) FTP
3 11 (0.79%) TCP/IP
4 9 (0.65%) Network Security
5 8 (0.58%) Bluetooth
6 7 (0.50%) H.323
6 7 (0.50%) RTP
7 5 (0.36%) HTTPS
7 5 (0.36%) SSH
8 3 (0.22%) Wireless
8 3 (0.22%) Wireshark
9 2 (0.14%) AMQP
10 1 (0.072%) 802.11
10 1 (0.072%) DOCSIS
10 1 (0.072%) DSL
10 1 (0.072%) Firewall
10 1 (0.072%) RS-485
10 1 (0.072%) Telnet
10 1 (0.072%) WPA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 296 (21.29%) SQL Server
2 110 (7.91%) NoSQL
3 95 (6.83%) MySQL
4 91 (6.55%) MongoDB
5 85 (6.12%) Relational Database
6 55 (3.96%) PostgreSQL
7 42 (3.02%) Data Warehouse
8 31 (2.23%) Redis
9 27 (1.94%) Big Data
10 24 (1.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 22 (1.58%) Apache Cassandra
12 21 (1.51%) Snowflake Schema
13 20 (1.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 19 (1.37%) SQL Server 2008
15 17 (1.22%) Data Lake
16 11 (0.79%) Azure SQL Database
16 11 (0.79%) BigQuery
16 11 (0.79%) Hadoop
16 11 (0.79%) SQL Server 2012
16 11 (0.79%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 454 (32.66%) Git (software)
2 133 (9.57%) JIRA
3 91 (6.55%) JUnit
4 90 (6.47%) Selenium
5 89 (6.40%) NUnit
6 78 (5.61%) Jenkins
7 72 (5.18%) webpack
8 60 (4.32%) Jasmine
8 60 (4.32%) Subversion
9 47 (3.38%) Mockito
10 46 (3.31%) MSTest
10 46 (3.31%) Team Foundation Server
11 45 (3.24%) Visual Studio
12 43 (3.09%) Cypress.io
12 43 (3.09%) Protractor
12 43 (3.09%) SpecFlow
13 40 (2.88%) WebDriver
14 36 (2.59%) Mocha
14 36 (2.59%) TeamCity
15 35 (2.52%) Bitbucket
General
1 185 (13.31%) Finance
2 44 (3.17%) Marketing
3 41 (2.95%) Retail
4 34 (2.45%) Manufacturing
5 28 (2.01%) Public Sector
6 26 (1.87%) Banking
6 26 (1.87%) Games
7 25 (1.80%) Telecoms
8 17 (1.22%) Electronics
9 15 (1.08%) Back Office
10 13 (0.94%) Law
11 9 (0.65%) Billing
11 9 (0.65%) Publishing
12 8 (0.58%) Investment Banking
13 7 (0.50%) Front Office
14 6 (0.43%) Automotive
15 5 (0.36%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.36%) Housing Association
16 3 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
16 3 (0.22%) Police
Job Titles
1 970 (69.78%) Developer
2 225 (16.19%) .NET Developer
3 204 (14.68%) Senior Developer
4 197 (14.17%) Software Engineer
5 181 (13.02%) C# Developer
6 126 (9.06%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 125 (8.99%) C# .NET Developer
8 116 (8.35%) Java Developer
9 101 (7.27%) React Developer
10 95 (6.83%) Software Developer
11 89 (6.40%) JavaScript Developer
12 77 (5.54%) Full Stack Developer
13 65 (4.68%) Senior Software Engineer
14 62 (4.46%) Lead Developer
15 58 (4.17%) Senior .NET Developer
16 47 (3.38%) Angular Developer
17 46 (3.31%) Senior React Developer
17 46 (3.31%) SQL Developer
18 43 (3.09%) C# Software Developer
19 42 (3.02%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 519 (37.34%) .NET
2 409 (29.42%) HTML
3 403 (28.99%) CSS
4 355 (25.54%) AngularJS
5 332 (23.88%) React
6 308 (22.16%) REST
7 270 (19.42%) Node.js
8 238 (17.12%) .NET Core
9 225 (16.19%) RESTful
10 177 (12.73%) ASP.NET
11 165 (11.87%) ASP.NET Web API
12 161 (11.58%) .NET Framework
13 159 (11.44%) HTML5
14 158 (11.37%) Web Services
15 139 (10.00%) Vue.js
16 133 (9.57%) jQuery
17 117 (8.42%) Redux
18 116 (8.35%) JSON
19 109 (7.84%) Spring
20 104 (7.48%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 132 (9.50%) User Experience
2 110 (7.91%) Greenfield Project
3 93 (6.69%) Algorithms
4 80 (5.76%) Mobile App
5 78 (5.61%) Data Structures
6 70 (5.04%) Analytical Skills
7 47 (3.38%) Management Information System
7 47 (3.38%) Self-Motivation
8 33 (2.37%) Virtual Team
9 25 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
10 22 (1.58%) N-Tier
11 17 (1.22%) Cloud Native
12 16 (1.15%) Replication
13 14 (1.01%) Social Media
14 11 (0.79%) Clustering
15 10 (0.72%) Linux Command Line
16 9 (0.65%) Blog
16 9 (0.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 9 (0.65%) Online Games
17 7 (0.50%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 123 (8.85%) Windows
2 94 (6.76%) Android
3 93 (6.69%) Apple iOS
4 87 (6.26%) Linux
5 34 (2.45%) Unix
6 12 (0.86%) VMS
7 9 (0.65%) Windows Server
8 4 (0.29%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.14%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.072%) tvOS
10 1 (0.072%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 870 (62.59%) Agile Software Development
2 419 (30.14%) Software Engineering
3 365 (26.26%) TDD
4 316 (22.73%) Scrum
5 305 (21.94%) DevOps
6 286 (20.58%) Test Automation
7 261 (18.78%) MVC
8 248 (17.84%) Microservices
9 234 (16.83%) Continuous Integration
10 186 (13.38%) Front End Development
11 173 (12.45%) OO
12 147 (10.58%) Computer Science
13 146 (10.50%) OOP
14 132 (9.50%) Problem-Solving
15 122 (8.78%) Web Development
16 114 (8.20%) BDD
17 103 (7.41%) Mentoring
18 101 (7.27%) SOLID
19 99 (7.12%) SDLC
20 78 (5.61%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 763 (54.89%) JavaScript
2 550 (39.57%) C#
3 483 (34.75%) SQL
4 294 (21.15%) Java
5 263 (18.92%) TypeScript
6 187 (13.45%) Python
7 121 (8.71%) C++
8 96 (6.91%) PHP
9 91 (6.55%) T-SQL
10 55 (3.96%) C
11 54 (3.88%) Kotlin
12 53 (3.81%) ES6
13 49 (3.53%) Java 8
14 45 (3.24%) Apple Swift
15 39 (2.81%) Objective-C
16 32 (2.30%) Scala
17 30 (2.16%) ES8
18 28 (2.01%) R
19 25 (1.80%) Ruby
20 24 (1.73%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 200 (14.39%) Degree
2 67 (4.82%) Computer Science Degree
3 36 (2.59%) Security Cleared
4 24 (1.73%) SC Cleared
5 15 (1.08%) ISTQB
6 9 (0.65%) HND
7 7 (0.50%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.36%) HNC
9 4 (0.29%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
10 3 (0.22%) MCPD
10 3 (0.22%) MCSD
10 3 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.14%) ISEB
11 2 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 1 (0.072%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.072%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.072%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 1 (0.072%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 153 (11.01%) QA
2 14 (1.01%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.65%) NIST
4 6 (0.43%) PCI DSS
5 5 (0.36%) JTAG
6 3 (0.22%) MiFID
7 2 (0.14%) NCSC
7 2 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.072%) GDPR
8 1 (0.072%) IFRS
8 1 (0.072%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.072%) SLA
System Software
1 229 (16.47%) Docker
2 10 (0.72%) VMware Infrastructure
3 9 (0.65%) Active Directory
4 7 (0.50%) Hyper-V
4 7 (0.50%) KVM
5 3 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
5 3 (0.22%) vSphere
6 1 (0.072%) Cronacle
6 1 (0.072%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.072%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 152 (10.94%) Kubernetes
2 46 (3.31%) Terraform
3 18 (1.29%) Ansible
4 8 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
4 8 (0.58%) Puppet
5 4 (0.29%) Control-M
5 4 (0.29%) Hadoop YARN
6 3 (0.22%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
6 3 (0.22%) vRealize
7 2 (0.14%) HAProxy
7 2 (0.14%) Kibana
7 2 (0.14%) MIIS
7 2 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
8 1 (0.072%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.072%) Grafana
8 1 (0.072%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.072%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.072%) Mesos
Vendors
1 201 (14.46%) Microsoft
2 67 (4.82%) Google
3 60 (4.32%) Oracle
4 39 (2.81%) Xamarin
5 38 (2.73%) VMware
6 29 (2.09%) SAP
7 23 (1.65%) Atlassian
7 23 (1.65%) IBM
8 18 (1.29%) Salesforce.com
9 12 (0.86%) Adobe
10 11 (0.79%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
10 11 (0.79%) Sitecore
11 10 (0.72%) Apple
12 9 (0.65%) Nintex
12 9 (0.65%) Sparx
13 8 (0.58%) Zend
14 7 (0.50%) Teradata
15 6 (0.43%) Autodesk
15 6 (0.43%) HubSpot
15 6 (0.43%) ServiceNow