Period
to 31 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Delivery skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 31 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Delivery
UK
6 months to
31 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 152 175 145
Rank change year-on-year +23 -30 +19
Contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery 571 1,290 1,965
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.75% 1.52% 1.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.02% 1.76% 2.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 449 864 1,356
Median daily rate £510 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.86% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £363 £413 £375
90th Percentile £655 £725 £672
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £497 £475
% change year-on-year -4.33% +4.53% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 3 4
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £65.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -46.84% +33.00%
10th Percentile £34.35 £35.00 £32.20
90th Percentile £36.05 £35.00 £74.11
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year - -16.67% -15.15%

Continuous Delivery is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 28,236 73,171 90,108
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.41% 86.45% 87.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,774 48,030 59,550
Median daily rate £475 £475 £455
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.40% +1.11%
10th Percentile £296 £300 £300
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -0.57% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,013 2,318 2,412
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.75 £21.19
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +47.37% +12.08% -9.83%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.85 £11.18
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £26.98 £22.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year +19.91% +9.76% -13.68%

Continuous Delivery
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Delivery as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 31 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 31 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery within the UK over the 6 months to 31 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +32 496 £520 -4.59% 181
London +21 303 £543 -3.56% 92
UK excluding London +38 203 £475 -4.33% 102
Work from Home +4 135 £495 -13.91% 43
South East +54 65 £507 +5.74% 30
South West +93 39 £350 -36.36% 12
North of England +70 37 £463 -7.50% 26
Midlands +31 34 £459 -8.25% 10
West Midlands +24 28 £448 -9.60% 9
Yorkshire +58 25 £488 +8.33% 8
Scotland +7 21 £463 -8.42% 9
North West +69 11 £380 -27.62% 16
East of England +40 6 £525 +16.67% 8
East Midlands +34 6 £520 +4.00% 1
North East +32 1 £500 -0.99% 2
Wales +15 1 - - 6

For the 6 months to 31 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Delivery also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Delivery.

1 371 (64.97%) Agile Software Development
2 309 (54.12%) DevOps
3 283 (49.56%) Continuous Integration
4 257 (45.01%) AWS
5 230 (40.28%) Java
6 189 (33.10%) Git (software)
6 189 (33.10%) Jenkins
7 185 (32.40%) Test Automation
8 177 (31.00%) Microservices
9 173 (30.30%) Python
10 160 (28.02%) Kubernetes
11 151 (26.44%) TDD
12 150 (26.27%) Terraform
13 142 (24.87%) Azure
14 138 (24.17%) JIRA
15 137 (23.99%) Scrum
16 121 (21.19%) Linux
17 120 (21.02%) Spring
17 120 (21.02%) Docker
18 97 (16.99%) Spring Boot
19 96 (16.81%) Deployment Automation
19 96 (16.81%) Security Cleared
20 93 (16.29%) Finance
21 89 (15.59%) SC Cleared
22 86 (15.06%) Confluence
23 85 (14.89%) Infrastructure as Code
24 83 (14.54%) BDD
25 79 (13.84%) C#
26 77 (13.49%) SQL
27 76 (13.31%) JavaScript

Continuous Delivery
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (15.06%) Confluence
2 45 (7.88%) Cloud Foundry
3 37 (6.48%) Mule
4 35 (6.13%) Elasticsearch
5 29 (5.08%) JBoss
6 27 (4.73%) Red Hat Fuse
7 19 (3.33%) Tomcat
8 17 (2.98%) WebLogic
9 12 (2.10%) Apache Spark
10 8 (1.40%) CMS
10 8 (1.40%) WebSphere
11 7 (1.23%) Apache
11 7 (1.23%) Apache ServiceMix
11 7 (1.23%) BizTalk Server
12 5 (0.88%) Jetty
12 5 (0.88%) MQSeries
12 5 (0.88%) nginx
12 5 (0.88%) Oracle Self-Service HR
13 4 (0.70%) Umbraco
14 3 (0.53%) SharePoint
Applications
1 12 (2.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.18%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.18%) Figma
2 1 (0.18%) InVision
2 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.18%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 12 (2.10%) SAP FI-CA
2 5 (0.88%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 3 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.35%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.35%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.35%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.18%) SAP PSCD
5 1 (0.18%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 257 (45.01%) AWS
2 142 (24.87%) Azure
3 63 (11.03%) GitHub
4 53 (9.28%) Serverless
5 50 (8.76%) GCP
6 40 (7.01%) PaaS
7 38 (6.65%) Amazon S3
8 37 (6.48%) Amazon EC2
8 37 (6.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 34 (5.95%) AWS Lambda
9 34 (5.95%) IaaS
10 32 (5.60%) Logic Apps
11 31 (5.43%) AWS CloudFormation
12 27 (4.73%) Power Platform
13 24 (4.20%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 23 (4.03%) SaaS
14 23 (4.03%) Slack
15 20 (3.50%) AWS CodePipeline
15 20 (3.50%) PowerApps
16 19 (3.33%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 40 (7.01%) Firewall
2 28 (4.90%) Reverse Proxy
3 17 (2.98%) HTTP
3 17 (2.98%) VLAN
4 16 (2.80%) SSL
5 14 (2.45%) HTTPS
6 13 (2.28%) DNS
7 12 (2.10%) TCP/IP
7 12 (2.10%) VPN
8 7 (1.23%) SNMP
9 6 (1.05%) SSH
10 3 (0.53%) Internet
10 3 (0.53%) WAN
11 2 (0.35%) Broadband
12 1 (0.18%) DLNA
12 1 (0.18%) DSL
12 1 (0.18%) DVB
12 1 (0.18%) Kerberos
12 1 (0.18%) Network Security
12 1 (0.18%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (9.81%) SQL Server
2 43 (7.53%) MySQL
2 43 (7.53%) PostgreSQL
3 40 (7.01%) Amazon RDS
4 38 (6.65%) NoSQL
5 32 (5.60%) MongoDB
6 25 (4.38%) Data Warehouse
7 24 (4.20%) Azure SQL Database
8 21 (3.68%) Hadoop
9 20 (3.50%) OLTP
9 20 (3.50%) Oracle Database
9 20 (3.50%) Relational Database
10 19 (3.33%) Amazon Aurora
11 18 (3.15%) Redis
12 17 (2.98%) Big Data
13 14 (2.45%) Data Lake
14 12 (2.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 12 (2.10%) SQL Server 2017
15 11 (1.93%) Apache Hive
16 9 (1.58%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 189 (33.10%) Git (software)
1 189 (33.10%) Jenkins
2 138 (24.17%) JIRA
3 60 (10.51%) Cucumber
4 51 (8.93%) Selenium
5 46 (8.06%) GitLab
6 43 (7.53%) Maven
7 41 (7.18%) JUnit
8 40 (7.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 28 (4.90%) Visual Studio Team System
10 27 (4.73%) Sonatype Nexus
11 26 (4.55%) Mockito
12 18 (3.15%) IntelliJ
13 17 (2.98%) Hudson
13 17 (2.98%) Xcode
14 16 (2.80%) Android Studio
14 16 (2.80%) Jasmine
14 16 (2.80%) Subversion
15 15 (2.63%) CocoaPods
15 15 (2.63%) SoapUI
General
1 93 (16.29%) Finance
2 66 (11.56%) Public Sector
3 64 (11.21%) Banking
4 25 (4.38%) Investment Banking
5 12 (2.10%) Front Office
6 9 (1.58%) Marketing
7 6 (1.05%) Social Housing
8 5 (0.88%) Retail
9 4 (0.70%) Financial Institution
9 4 (0.70%) German Language
9 4 (0.70%) Legal
9 4 (0.70%) Spanish Language
9 4 (0.70%) Telecoms
10 3 (0.53%) Military
11 2 (0.35%) Advertising
11 2 (0.35%) Back Office
11 2 (0.35%) French Language
11 2 (0.35%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.35%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 180 (31.52%) Developer
2 97 (16.99%) DevOps Engineer
3 56 (9.81%) Java Developer
4 37 (6.48%) AWS Developer
5 33 (5.78%) Architect
6 31 (5.43%) Azure Engineer
7 28 (4.90%) Senior Developer
8 27 (4.73%) AWS DevOps
9 25 (4.38%) AWS Engineer
9 25 (4.38%) Cloud Engineer
9 25 (4.38%) Python Developer
9 25 (4.38%) Technical Leader
10 20 (3.50%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 20 (3.50%) Lead DevOps
11 19 (3.33%) Analyst
12 18 (3.15%) Consultant
12 18 (3.15%) Platform Engineer
13 15 (2.63%) C# Developer
13 15 (2.63%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 15 (2.63%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 120 (21.02%) Spring
2 97 (16.99%) Spring Boot
3 76 (13.31%) REST
4 72 (12.61%) JSON
5 70 (12.26%) Node.js
6 65 (11.38%) .NET
7 61 (10.68%) XML
8 56 (9.81%) Web Services
9 45 (7.88%) RESTful
10 41 (7.18%) React
11 30 (5.25%) Kafka
12 27 (4.73%) Apache Camel
13 25 (4.38%) .NET Framework
13 25 (4.38%) RabbitMQ
13 25 (4.38%) RxJava
14 24 (4.20%) SOAP
15 23 (4.03%) Django
16 22 (3.85%) Swagger
17 21 (3.68%) WireMock
18 20 (3.50%) Hystrix
Miscellaneous
1 59 (10.33%) Mobile App
2 26 (4.55%) Enterprise Software
3 25 (4.38%) Public Cloud
4 24 (4.20%) User Experience
5 23 (4.03%) Analytical Skills
6 21 (3.68%) Greenfield Project
7 19 (3.33%) Cloud Native
8 13 (2.28%) Derivative
8 13 (2.28%) Management Information System
9 9 (1.58%) Fixed Income
10 7 (1.23%) Algorithms
10 7 (1.23%) Enterprise Cloud
10 7 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
10 7 (1.23%) Virtual Team
11 6 (1.05%) Data Structures
11 6 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
12 5 (0.88%) CUDA
12 5 (0.88%) Private Cloud
13 4 (0.70%) Equities
13 4 (0.70%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 121 (21.19%) Linux
2 69 (12.08%) Windows
3 35 (6.13%) Unix
4 33 (5.78%) Android
4 33 (5.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 29 (5.08%) Apple iOS
6 24 (4.20%) CentOS
7 19 (3.33%) Windows Server
8 17 (2.98%) Windows 10
8 17 (2.98%) Windows Server 2016
9 9 (1.58%) Mac OS X
10 8 (1.40%) Debian
11 7 (1.23%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.88%) Mac OS
12 5 (0.88%) OpenVMS
13 1 (0.18%) AIX
13 1 (0.18%) SUSE
13 1 (0.18%) VMS
13 1 (0.18%) webOS
13 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 371 (64.97%) Agile Software Development
2 309 (54.12%) DevOps
3 283 (49.56%) Continuous Integration
4 185 (32.40%) Test Automation
5 177 (31.00%) Microservices
6 151 (26.44%) TDD
7 137 (23.99%) Scrum
8 96 (16.81%) Deployment Automation
9 85 (14.89%) Infrastructure as Code
10 83 (14.54%) BDD
11 69 (12.08%) Continuous Deployment
12 60 (10.51%) Kanban
13 59 (10.33%) Configuration Management
13 59 (10.33%) Software Engineering
14 54 (9.46%) SDLC
15 53 (9.28%) Problem-Solving
16 45 (7.88%) Pair Programming
17 43 (7.53%) User Stories
18 41 (7.18%) Continuous Improvement
19 40 (7.01%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 230 (40.28%) Java
2 173 (30.30%) Python
3 79 (13.84%) C#
4 77 (13.49%) SQL
5 76 (13.31%) JavaScript
6 71 (12.43%) PowerShell
7 66 (11.56%) Java 8
8 54 (9.46%) Kotlin
9 53 (9.28%) Scala
10 38 (6.65%) Go
11 34 (5.95%) Bash Shell
12 31 (5.43%) Shell Script
13 30 (5.25%) TypeScript
14 29 (5.08%) Ruby
15 18 (3.15%) Apple Swift
15 18 (3.15%) C++
15 18 (3.15%) PL/SQL
16 17 (2.98%) Groovy
16 17 (2.98%) T-SQL
17 10 (1.75%) Perl
Qualifications
1 96 (16.81%) Security Cleared
2 89 (15.59%) SC Cleared
3 46 (8.06%) Degree
4 19 (3.33%) BPSS Clearance
5 15 (2.63%) AWS Certification
6 10 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
7 8 (1.40%) ISTQB
8 7 (1.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 6 (1.05%) ISEB
10 4 (0.70%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.70%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.70%) PhD
11 3 (0.53%) DV Cleared
11 3 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.53%) TOGAF Certification
12 1 (0.18%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 1 (0.18%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 48 (8.41%) QA
2 5 (0.88%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 5 (0.88%) NCSC
3 3 (0.53%) WCAG
4 1 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.18%) GDPR
4 1 (0.18%) HL7
4 1 (0.18%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.18%) PMO
System Software
1 120 (21.02%) Docker
2 17 (2.98%) VMware Infrastructure
2 17 (2.98%) vSphere
3 11 (1.93%) HDFS
4 6 (1.05%) Active Directory
5 3 (0.53%) GridGain
6 2 (0.35%) Ceph
6 2 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 160 (28.02%) Kubernetes
2 150 (26.27%) Terraform
3 65 (11.38%) Ansible
4 59 (10.33%) Prometheus
5 32 (5.60%) Puppet
6 27 (4.73%) Opscode Chef
7 22 (3.85%) Packer
8 15 (2.63%) Grafana
9 12 (2.10%) Istio
10 11 (1.93%) Kibana
11 10 (1.75%) Salt
11 10 (1.75%) ZABBIX
12 8 (1.40%) Zipkin
13 5 (0.88%) Rundeck
14 4 (0.70%) logstash
14 4 (0.70%) Rancher
15 2 (0.35%) HP Quality Center
15 2 (0.35%) Nessus
15 2 (0.35%) Red Hat Satellite
15 2 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 60 (10.51%) Microsoft
2 56 (9.81%) Splunk
3 49 (8.58%) AppDynamics
4 45 (7.88%) Atlassian
5 38 (6.65%) Oracle
6 34 (5.95%) MuleSoft
7 27 (4.73%) Red Hat
8 17 (2.98%) VMware
9 16 (2.80%) SAP
10 15 (2.63%) Axway
11 13 (2.28%) Dell
12 12 (2.10%) Google
12 12 (2.10%) Sybase
13 8 (1.40%) CheckPoint
13 8 (1.40%) HP
13 8 (1.40%) webMethods
14 7 (1.23%) Fiorano
14 7 (1.23%) Jitterbit
14 7 (1.23%) Murex
14 7 (1.23%) TIBCO