Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Delivery skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 27 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Delivery
UK
6 months to
27 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 198 194 186
Rank change year-on-year -4 -8 -31
Contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery 1,256 813 669
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.42% 1.37% 1.42%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.59% 1.55% 1.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 896 581 471
10th Percentile £408 £413 £410
25th Percentile £495 £461 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £513 £550
Median % change year-on-year +12.20% -6.82% +6.80%
75th Percentile £688 £600 £649
90th Percentile £759 £688 £725
UK excluding London median daily rate £539 £475 £525
% change year-on-year +13.47% -9.52% +10.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 3 0
10th Percentile £25.98 £36.35 -
25th Percentile £37.56 £36.50 -
Median hourly rate £58.75 £40.50 -
Median % change year-on-year +45.06% - -
75th Percentile £63.81 £47.00 -
90th Percentile £65.73 £50.15 -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £39.50 -
% change year-on-year -53.16% - -

Continuous Delivery is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,861 52,463 40,737
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.41% 88.67% 86.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,404 35,887 27,128
10th Percentile £350 £313 £300
25th Percentile £437 £400 £383
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.50% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £644 £588 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +8.33% - +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,737 1,517 1,222
10th Percentile £13.08 £12.24 £12.42
25th Percentile £16.25 £15.46 £16.08
Median hourly rate £27.50 £25.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +11.11% -1.45%
75th Percentile £51.75 £46.50 £46.00
90th Percentile £65.47 £58.75 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.40 £22.50 £20.17
% change year-on-year -0.44% +11.55% -10.36%

Continuous Delivery
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Delivery as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery within the UK over the 6 months to 27 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +6 1,033 £575 +6.48% 208
Work from Home +19 618 £550 +10.00% 95
London -17 602 £600 +9.09% 105
UK excluding London +7 406 £539 +13.47% 117
North of England -9 84 £525 - 44
South East -27 83 £548 +15.26% 22
Midlands 0 76 £470 - 14
Scotland -2 75 £540 +8.54% 12
West Midlands +5 68 £464 -0.27% 8
South West -14 53 £600 +26.98% 12
North West -7 51 £525 +10.53% 22
East of England -10 29 £688 +41.32% 10
Yorkshire -36 21 £550 +7.32% 16
North East -1 17 £525 -8.70% 6
Wales -9 8 £475 -7.09% 2
East Midlands -20 8 £495 -5.35% 6

For the 6 months to 27 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Delivery also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Delivery.

1 837 (66.64%) Agile
2 758 (60.35%) CI/CD
3 692 (55.10%) DevOps
4 606 (48.25%) Continuous Integration
5 457 (36.39%) AWS
6 393 (31.29%) Test Automation
7 367 (29.22%) Kubernetes
8 362 (28.82%) Java
9 334 (26.59%) Azure
10 333 (26.51%) Docker
11 329 (26.19%) Social Skills
12 326 (25.96%) Git (software)
13 324 (25.80%) Microservices
14 304 (24.20%) TDD
15 299 (23.81%) Linux
16 298 (23.73%) Scrum
17 286 (22.77%) Jenkins
18 276 (21.97%) Terraform
19 273 (21.74%) Python
20 226 (17.99%) Security Cleared
21 220 (17.52%) Ansible
22 214 (17.04%) JavaScript
23 199 (15.84%) SC Cleared
24 198 (15.76%) Infrastructure as Code
25 193 (15.37%) SQL
26 192 (15.29%) Finance
27 186 (14.81%) Software Engineering
28 185 (14.73%) JIRA
29 175 (13.93%) Public Sector
30 171 (13.61%) QA

Continuous Delivery
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 118 (9.39%) Confluence
2 32 (2.55%) Elasticsearch
3 23 (1.83%) Cloud Foundry
4 18 (1.43%) WebLogic
5 17 (1.35%) Apache Spark
5 17 (1.35%) Camunda
6 16 (1.27%) Mule
6 16 (1.27%) OpenStack
7 15 (1.19%) nginx
8 13 (1.04%) IIS
9 12 (0.96%) Apache
10 8 (0.64%) Apache Pulsar
10 8 (0.64%) Oracle Coherence
10 8 (0.64%) SharePoint
11 7 (0.56%) Tomcat
12 6 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
12 6 (0.48%) JBoss
13 5 (0.40%) CMS
13 5 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 4 (0.32%) WebSphere
Applications
1 7 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.40%) Adobe Illustrator
3 3 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.24%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.16%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.16%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 15 (1.19%) SAP FI-CA
1 15 (1.19%) SAP PSCD
2 9 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.64%) assyst
4 7 (0.56%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.080%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.080%) ION MarketView
5 1 (0.080%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.080%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.080%) SessionCam
5 1 (0.080%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 457 (36.39%) AWS
2 334 (26.59%) Azure
3 146 (11.62%) Serverless
4 138 (10.99%) GitHub
5 128 (10.19%) PaaS
6 103 (8.20%) AWS Lambda
7 102 (8.12%) IaaS
8 100 (7.96%) Amazon S3
9 92 (7.32%) OpenShift
10 85 (6.77%) GCP
11 80 (6.37%) AWS CloudFormation
12 63 (5.02%) SaaS
13 54 (4.30%) Amazon EC2
14 34 (2.71%) Amazon ECS
14 34 (2.71%) AWS Direct Connect
15 32 (2.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 32 (2.55%) Amazon SQS
15 32 (2.55%) GitHub Actions
15 32 (2.55%) Power Platform
15 32 (2.55%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 48 (3.82%) TCP/IP
2 36 (2.87%) DNS
3 35 (2.79%) Firewall
4 30 (2.39%) VPN
5 28 (2.23%) HTTP
6 27 (2.15%) Ethernet
7 14 (1.11%) SSL
8 13 (1.04%) DHCP
8 13 (1.04%) FTP
8 13 (1.04%) IPsec
9 10 (0.80%) VLAN
10 9 (0.72%) SSH
10 9 (0.72%) WAN
11 8 (0.64%) HTTPS
12 7 (0.56%) Internet
12 7 (0.56%) Network Security
13 4 (0.32%) LoRaWAN
14 3 (0.24%) 2G
14 3 (0.24%) VSAN
15 2 (0.16%) Cisco Firepower
Database & Business Intelligence
1 100 (7.96%) NoSQL
2 80 (6.37%) PostgreSQL
3 78 (6.21%) MongoDB
4 67 (5.33%) SQL Server
5 63 (5.02%) Relational Database
6 58 (4.62%) Big Data
7 44 (3.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 44 (3.50%) MySQL
8 30 (2.39%) Amazon Aurora
8 30 (2.39%) Apache Cassandra
9 28 (2.23%) Amazon RDS
10 25 (1.99%) Data Lake
10 25 (1.99%) Hadoop
11 24 (1.91%) Data Warehouse
11 24 (1.91%) Power BI
12 19 (1.51%) RDBMS
13 18 (1.43%) Redis
14 17 (1.35%) Neo4j
14 17 (1.35%) Oracle Database
14 17 (1.35%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 326 (25.96%) Git (software)
2 286 (22.77%) Jenkins
3 185 (14.73%) JIRA
4 155 (12.34%) GitLab
5 106 (8.44%) Cucumber
6 84 (6.69%) Selenium
7 72 (5.73%) Artifactory
8 68 (5.41%) TeamCity
9 64 (5.10%) SonarQube
10 60 (4.78%) Maven
11 46 (3.66%) JUnit
12 35 (2.79%) git-flow
12 35 (2.79%) Mockito
12 35 (2.79%) Visual Studio
13 32 (2.55%) Bitbucket
13 32 (2.55%) Gradle
14 31 (2.47%) Eclipse
15 30 (2.39%) CircleCI
16 29 (2.31%) Sonatype Nexus
17 28 (2.23%) JMeter
General
1 329 (26.19%) Social Skills
2 192 (15.29%) Finance
3 175 (13.93%) Public Sector
4 79 (6.29%) Analytical Skills
5 78 (6.21%) Banking
6 66 (5.25%) Influencing Skills
7 51 (4.06%) Presentation Skills
8 35 (2.79%) Front Office
9 29 (2.31%) Pharmaceutical
10 28 (2.23%) Retail
11 25 (1.99%) Investment Banking
12 24 (1.91%) Legal
13 21 (1.67%) Marketing
14 15 (1.19%) Telecoms
15 14 (1.11%) Manufacturing
16 10 (0.80%) Electronics
16 10 (0.80%) Organisational Skills
17 8 (0.64%) Retail Banking
18 7 (0.56%) Law
19 6 (0.48%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 344 (27.39%) Developer
2 202 (16.08%) DevOps Engineer
3 117 (9.32%) Architect
4 99 (7.88%) Java Developer
5 83 (6.61%) AWS Engineer
6 75 (5.97%) Analyst
7 65 (5.18%) AWS DevOps
8 63 (5.02%) Software Engineer
9 58 (4.62%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 57 (4.54%) Senior Developer
11 50 (3.98%) Business Analyst
12 47 (3.74%) Azure Engineer
13 43 (3.42%) .NET Developer
13 43 (3.42%) Full Stack Developer
14 42 (3.34%) Scala Developer
15 37 (2.95%) Scrum Master
16 33 (2.63%) Cloud Engineer
16 33 (2.63%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 31 (2.47%) Lead Developer
18 29 (2.31%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 155 (12.34%) React
2 124 (9.87%) Spring
3 115 (9.16%) REST
4 114 (9.08%) .NET
5 113 (9.00%) Node.js
6 101 (8.04%) RESTful
7 90 (7.17%) HTML
8 79 (6.29%) CSS
9 76 (6.05%) Spring Boot
10 65 (5.18%) JSON
11 60 (4.78%) RabbitMQ
12 57 (4.54%) Play Framework
12 57 (4.54%) Web Services
13 53 (4.22%) JPA
14 51 (4.06%) Kafka
15 48 (3.82%) HTML5
16 40 (3.18%) AngularJS
17 37 (2.95%) GraphQL
18 36 (2.87%) ASP.NET
19 34 (2.71%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 105 (8.36%) User Experience
2 45 (3.58%) Cloud Native
3 41 (3.26%) Linux Command Line
4 29 (2.31%) Public Cloud
5 28 (2.23%) Greenfield Project
6 27 (2.15%) Management Information System
7 25 (1.99%) Enterprise Software
7 25 (1.99%) Legacy Systems
8 22 (1.75%) Fixed Income
9 20 (1.59%) Algorithms
9 20 (1.59%) Data Structures
9 20 (1.59%) Hybrid Cloud
10 19 (1.51%) Self-Motivation
11 18 (1.43%) Mobile App
12 17 (1.35%) Virtual Team
13 15 (1.19%) PKI
14 14 (1.11%) Data Protection Act
15 13 (1.04%) Enterprise Cloud
16 12 (0.96%) iPad
17 10 (0.80%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 299 (23.81%) Linux
2 144 (11.46%) Windows
3 76 (6.05%) Unix
4 45 (3.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 25 (1.99%) Android
6 24 (1.91%) CentOS
6 24 (1.91%) Windows Server
7 22 (1.75%) Ubuntu
8 21 (1.67%) Apple iOS
9 6 (0.48%) Alpine Linux
9 6 (0.48%) VMS
10 4 (0.32%) Mac OS X
11 3 (0.24%) Amazon Linux
11 3 (0.24%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.16%) Mesosphere
12 2 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
13 1 (0.080%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.080%) watchOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 837 (66.64%) Agile
2 758 (60.35%) CI/CD
3 692 (55.10%) DevOps
4 606 (48.25%) Continuous Integration
5 393 (31.29%) Test Automation
6 324 (25.80%) Microservices
7 304 (24.20%) TDD
8 298 (23.73%) Scrum
9 198 (15.76%) Infrastructure as Code
10 186 (14.81%) Software Engineering
11 167 (13.30%) Problem-Solving
12 164 (13.06%) Unit Testing
13 156 (12.42%) Kanban
14 125 (9.95%) User Stories
15 123 (9.79%) Continuous Improvement
16 122 (9.71%) Full Stack Development
17 119 (9.47%) Mentoring
18 114 (9.08%) Pair Programming
19 110 (8.76%) BDD
20 107 (8.52%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 362 (28.82%) Java
2 273 (21.74%) Python
3 214 (17.04%) JavaScript
4 193 (15.37%) SQL
5 119 (9.47%) C#
6 100 (7.96%) TypeScript
7 94 (7.48%) Bash
8 93 (7.40%) Scala
9 75 (5.97%) PowerShell
10 49 (3.90%) Groovy
11 43 (3.42%) Go
12 33 (2.63%) C++
13 30 (2.39%) Ruby
14 28 (2.23%) Kotlin
15 22 (1.75%) Shell Script
16 19 (1.51%) Perl
17 18 (1.43%) ES6
18 17 (1.35%) Apple Swift
18 17 (1.35%) R
19 11 (0.88%) C
Qualifications
1 226 (17.99%) Security Cleared
2 199 (15.84%) SC Cleared
3 68 (5.41%) Degree
4 28 (2.23%) AWS Certification
5 27 (2.15%) Computer Science Degree
6 24 (1.91%) ISTQB
7 22 (1.75%) BPSS Clearance
8 21 (1.67%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 18 (1.43%) DV Cleared
9 18 (1.43%) ISEB
10 10 (0.80%) OCP
10 10 (0.80%) Oracle Certification
11 9 (0.72%) CISSP
12 8 (0.64%) MCSE
12 8 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
13 7 (0.56%) Cisco Certification
14 5 (0.40%) APMP
14 5 (0.40%) ITIL Certification
15 4 (0.32%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 4 (0.32%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 171 (13.61%) QA
2 62 (4.94%) Accessibility
3 22 (1.75%) 21 CFR Part 11
3 22 (1.75%) Good Clinical Practice
3 22 (1.75%) GxP
4 7 (0.56%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.56%) Disclosure Scotland
4 7 (0.56%) GDPR
5 6 (0.48%) SLA
6 1 (0.080%) GRC
6 1 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.080%) NIST
6 1 (0.080%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.080%) PMO
6 1 (0.080%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 333 (26.51%) Docker
2 21 (1.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 20 (1.59%) Active Directory
4 15 (1.19%) vSphere
5 12 (0.96%) Ceph
6 10 (0.80%) Oracle RAC
7 7 (0.56%) OpenSSH
8 4 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.24%) HDFS
10 2 (0.16%) Platform Symphony
10 2 (0.16%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 367 (29.22%) Kubernetes
2 276 (21.97%) Terraform
3 220 (17.52%) Ansible
4 79 (6.29%) Puppet
5 71 (5.65%) Grafana
6 60 (4.78%) Prometheus
7 47 (3.74%) Opscode Chef
8 30 (2.39%) Istio
9 28 (2.23%) Kibana
10 25 (1.99%) Rancher
11 17 (1.35%) Docker Swarm
12 15 (1.19%) Salt
13 10 (0.80%) Data Guard
14 8 (0.64%) ITRS Geneos
14 8 (0.64%) Mesos
15 7 (0.56%) Failover Clustering
15 7 (0.56%) HP Fortify
15 7 (0.56%) Packer
16 5 (0.40%) Consul
16 5 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 153 (12.18%) Microsoft
2 88 (7.01%) Google
3 73 (5.81%) Oracle
4 48 (3.82%) Atlassian
4 48 (3.82%) Splunk
5 41 (3.26%) SAP
6 36 (2.87%) VMware
7 34 (2.71%) ServiceNow
8 27 (2.15%) Databricks
8 27 (2.15%) IBM
9 21 (1.67%) Red Hat
9 21 (1.67%) TIBCO
10 16 (1.27%) AppDynamics
11 14 (1.11%) Dynatrace
12 12 (0.96%) Cadence
12 12 (0.96%) Cloudera
12 12 (0.96%) Salesforce.com
13 11 (0.88%) webMethods
14 9 (0.72%) Micro Focus
14 9 (0.72%) NetApp