Period
to 15 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Delivery skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 15 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Delivery
UK
6 months to
15 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 131 129 176
Rank change year-on-year -2 +47 +78
Contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery 1,993 2,063 1,495
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.01% 2.03% 1.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.31% 2.37% 1.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,310 1,569 1,004
UK median daily rate £525 £510 £495
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +3.03% -
10th Percentile £375 £400 £350
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £495 £445
% change year-on-year -3.94% +11.12% -1.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 19 5
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £61.00 £67.89
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -42.62% -10.15% +4.45%
10th Percentile £24.33 £48.75 £53.78
90th Percentile £55.13 £67.25 £74.34
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £58.30 £67.89
% change year-on-year -39.97% -14.13% +4.45%

Continuous Delivery is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,293 87,160 81,807
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 87.06% 85.96% 85.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,984 58,125 54,088
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £300 £281 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,245 2,122 2,363
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £24.00 £24.00
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.26 £11.18
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.25 £49.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.65 £24.02 £22.90
% change year-on-year -5.70% +4.89% -8.40%

Continuous Delivery
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Delivery as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 15 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 15 February 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery within the UK over the 6 months to 15 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 1,828 £525 +2.59% 478
London +6 1,111 £550 +4.76% 233
UK excluding London -22 863 £475 -3.94% 271
South East -36 277 £475 - 68
North of England -16 211 £475 -7.32% 77
Midlands -8 113 £450 -10.00% 39
Scotland +29 110 £450 -10.00% 14
West Midlands -6 97 £475 -11.63% 26
Yorkshire -4 88 £500 -4.76% 34
North West -35 76 £420 -18.05% 35
South West -63 63 £528 +18.54% 20
East of England +11 53 £488 +8.33% 41
North East -16 47 £488 -17.58% 8
Wales +15 32 £425 -15.00% 4
East Midlands -14 16 £403 -10.56% 13
Northern Ireland +29 8 £525 - 8

For the 6 months to 15 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Delivery also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Delivery.

1 1,330 (66.73%) Agile Software Development
2 1,075 (53.94%) Continuous Integration
3 980 (49.17%) DevOps
4 694 (34.82%) Amazon AWS
5 675 (33.87%) Java
6 649 (32.56%) Jenkins
7 597 (29.95%) TDD
8 585 (29.35%) Test Automation
9 531 (26.64%) Linux
10 508 (25.49%) Scrum
11 484 (24.28%) Docker
12 466 (23.38%) Microsoft Azure
13 449 (22.53%) Python
14 447 (22.43%) Git (software)
15 423 (21.22%) Microservices
16 401 (20.12%) JavaScript
17 362 (18.16%) Kubernetes
18 360 (18.06%) BDD
19 350 (17.56%) Ansible
20 324 (16.26%) Finance
21 318 (15.96%) Puppet
22 288 (14.45%) .NET
23 277 (13.90%) SQL
23 277 (13.90%) Selenium
24 271 (13.60%) JIRA
25 259 (13.00%) Open Source
25 259 (13.00%) Terraform
26 257 (12.90%) Software Engineering
27 251 (12.59%) C#
28 222 (11.14%) REST

Continuous Delivery
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 208 (10.44%) Confluence
2 120 (6.02%) Elasticsearch
3 87 (4.37%) Apache
4 69 (3.46%) Apache Spark
5 50 (2.51%) Tomcat
6 49 (2.46%) Cloud Foundry
7 42 (2.11%) IIS
8 36 (1.81%) CMS
9 33 (1.66%) nginx
10 26 (1.30%) OpenStack
11 24 (1.20%) Documentum
12 23 (1.15%) Gunicorn
12 23 (1.15%) WebSphere
13 18 (0.90%) JBoss
13 18 (0.90%) Jetty
14 16 (0.80%) WebLogic
15 13 (0.65%) Apache Solr
15 13 (0.65%) SharePoint
16 12 (0.60%) Mongrel
17 10 (0.50%) Mule
Applications
1 17 (0.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.15%) HipChat
3 3 (0.15%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.050%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 12 (0.60%) Sentinel
2 9 (0.45%) SAP FI-CA
2 9 (0.45%) SAP PSCD
3 7 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.20%) Oracle Cash Management
4 4 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 3 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.10%) R3 Corda
6 2 (0.10%) Unica
7 1 (0.050%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.050%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.050%) Oracle BPM
7 1 (0.050%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.050%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.050%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 694 (34.82%) Amazon AWS
2 466 (23.38%) Microsoft Azure
3 187 (9.38%) PaaS
4 144 (7.23%) IaaS
5 133 (6.67%) Google Cloud Platform
6 117 (5.87%) GitHub
7 94 (4.72%) SaaS
8 89 (4.47%) Cloud Computing
9 84 (4.21%) AWS CloudFormation
10 82 (4.11%) OpenShift
11 72 (3.61%) Serverless
12 43 (2.16%) Datadog
13 42 (2.11%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 35 (1.76%) AWS Lambda
15 31 (1.56%) Amazon S3
16 30 (1.51%) Amazon EC2
17 23 (1.15%) Azure Functions
18 21 (1.05%) Heroku
19 18 (0.90%) Amazon Glacier
20 17 (0.85%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 93 (4.67%) HTTP
2 64 (3.21%) Firewall
3 32 (1.61%) DNS
4 30 (1.51%) VPN
5 29 (1.46%) Internet
6 26 (1.30%) TCP/IP
7 25 (1.25%) SSL
8 18 (0.90%) SAN
9 15 (0.75%) Kerberos
10 9 (0.45%) DHCP
10 9 (0.45%) Fibre Channel
10 9 (0.45%) Reverse Proxy
10 9 (0.45%) SSH
11 8 (0.40%) AMQP
11 8 (0.40%) FTP
11 8 (0.40%) IPsec
11 8 (0.40%) iSCSI
12 6 (0.30%) NAS
13 5 (0.25%) Cisco ASA
13 5 (0.25%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 150 (7.53%) PostgreSQL
2 137 (6.87%) SQL Server
3 128 (6.42%) MongoDB
4 122 (6.12%) NoSQL
5 115 (5.77%) Relational Database
6 94 (4.72%) Big Data
7 73 (3.66%) Apache Cassandra
8 72 (3.61%) MySQL
9 69 (3.46%) Hadoop
10 62 (3.11%) Redis
11 46 (2.31%) Amazon RDS
12 44 (2.21%) Data Lake
13 43 (2.16%) RDBMS
14 33 (1.66%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 31 (1.56%) Apache Hive
16 29 (1.46%) Power BI
17 26 (1.30%) GIS
18 25 (1.25%) Data Warehouse
19 23 (1.15%) HDInsight
20 22 (1.10%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 649 (32.56%) Jenkins
2 447 (22.43%) Git (software)
3 277 (13.90%) Selenium
4 271 (13.60%) JIRA
5 186 (9.33%) Cucumber
6 154 (7.73%) Maven
7 116 (5.82%) TeamCity
8 87 (4.37%) Visual Studio Team System
9 86 (4.32%) Subversion
10 74 (3.71%) Sonatype Nexus
11 69 (3.46%) Visual Studio
12 63 (3.16%) Bitbucket
12 63 (3.16%) JUnit
13 60 (3.01%) Team Foundation Server
14 58 (2.91%) Octopus Deploy
15 57 (2.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 54 (2.71%) WebDriver
17 51 (2.56%) Gatling
17 51 (2.56%) Gradle
18 47 (2.36%) Artifactory
General
1 324 (16.26%) Finance
2 162 (8.13%) Banking
3 78 (3.91%) Retail
4 37 (1.86%) Financial Institution
5 32 (1.61%) Telecoms
6 31 (1.56%) Investment Banking
7 27 (1.35%) Games
8 25 (1.25%) Marketing
9 19 (0.95%) Front Office
9 19 (0.95%) Law
10 18 (0.90%) Advertising
11 17 (0.85%) Billing
11 17 (0.85%) Pharmaceutical
12 10 (0.50%) Back Office
12 10 (0.50%) Manufacturing
12 10 (0.50%) Online Betting
13 9 (0.45%) Legal
14 8 (0.40%) Electronics
15 4 (0.20%) Retail Banking
16 3 (0.15%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 600 (30.11%) Developer
2 409 (20.52%) DevOps Engineer
3 162 (8.13%) Java Developer
4 156 (7.83%) Architect
5 106 (5.32%) Senior Developer
6 100 (5.02%) Tester
7 99 (4.97%) AWS Engineer
8 93 (4.67%) AWS DevOps
9 87 (4.37%) .NET Developer
10 84 (4.21%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 79 (3.96%) Cloud Engineer
12 77 (3.86%) Automation Tester
13 70 (3.51%) Full Stack Developer
14 68 (3.41%) Consultant
15 67 (3.36%) Java Engineer
16 62 (3.11%) Analyst
17 59 (2.96%) Software Engineer
17 59 (2.96%) Test Engineer
18 58 (2.91%) C# Developer
19 54 (2.71%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 288 (14.45%) .NET
2 222 (11.14%) REST
3 212 (10.64%) RESTful
4 198 (9.93%) Spring
5 197 (9.88%) HTML
6 187 (9.38%) Node.js
6 187 (9.38%) Web Services
7 159 (7.98%) CSS
8 144 (7.23%) JSON
9 140 (7.02%) AngularJS
10 119 (5.97%) Kafka
11 115 (5.77%) React
12 110 (5.52%) Spring Boot
13 93 (4.67%) XML
14 81 (4.06%) SOAP
15 69 (3.46%) ASP.NET
16 68 (3.41%) Elastic Stack
17 66 (3.31%) jQuery
18 65 (3.26%) HTML5
19 64 (3.21%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 141 (7.07%) Greenfield Project
2 113 (5.67%) Analytical Skills
3 78 (3.91%) User Experience
4 73 (3.66%) Public Cloud
4 73 (3.66%) Self-Motivation
5 70 (3.51%) Cloud Native
6 56 (2.81%) Fintech
7 46 (2.31%) Enterprise Software
8 45 (2.26%) Mobile App
9 32 (1.61%) Data Centre
10 28 (1.40%) Algorithms
11 23 (1.15%) Hedge funds
12 21 (1.05%) Data Structures
12 21 (1.05%) iPad
12 21 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
12 21 (1.05%) Management Information System
13 20 (1.00%) Mainframe
14 19 (0.95%) Enterprise Cloud
14 19 (0.95%) Fixed Income
15 17 (0.85%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 531 (26.64%) Linux
2 212 (10.64%) Unix
3 211 (10.59%) Windows
4 95 (4.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 53 (2.66%) Android
6 47 (2.36%) Windows Server
7 43 (2.16%) Apple iOS
8 38 (1.91%) Mac OS X
9 36 (1.81%) Ubuntu
10 32 (1.61%) CentOS
11 12 (0.60%) Debian
11 12 (0.60%) Fedora
12 6 (0.30%) Oracle Linux
13 5 (0.25%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.25%) Mesosphere
14 3 (0.15%) DC/OS
14 3 (0.15%) Solaris
14 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
15 2 (0.10%) Data ONTAP
15 2 (0.10%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,330 (66.73%) Agile Software Development
2 1,075 (53.94%) Continuous Integration
3 980 (49.17%) DevOps
4 597 (29.95%) TDD
5 585 (29.35%) Test Automation
6 508 (25.49%) Scrum
7 423 (21.22%) Microservices
8 360 (18.06%) BDD
9 259 (13.00%) Open Source
10 257 (12.90%) Software Engineering
11 221 (11.09%) Kanban
12 215 (10.79%) Configuration Management
13 205 (10.29%) Problem-Solving
14 178 (8.93%) Continuous Improvement
14 178 (8.93%) OO
15 177 (8.88%) Mentoring
16 165 (8.28%) Deployment Automation
17 155 (7.78%) Coaching
18 137 (6.87%) User Stories
19 134 (6.72%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 675 (33.87%) Java
2 449 (22.53%) Python
3 401 (20.12%) JavaScript
4 277 (13.90%) SQL
5 251 (12.59%) C#
6 177 (8.88%) Ruby
7 163 (8.18%) Bash Shell
8 141 (7.07%) Scala
9 117 (5.87%) PowerShell
10 109 (5.47%) Java 8
11 87 (4.37%) Perl
12 66 (3.31%) Groovy
13 65 (3.26%) Go
14 55 (2.76%) ES6
15 39 (1.96%) TypeScript
16 34 (1.71%) C++
17 33 (1.66%) Kotlin
18 29 (1.46%) Shell Script
19 27 (1.35%) PL/SQL
20 26 (1.30%) PHP
Qualifications
1 201 (10.09%) Security Cleared
2 124 (6.22%) SC Cleared
3 114 (5.72%) Degree
4 58 (2.91%) Computer Science Degree
5 42 (2.11%) ISTQB
6 37 (1.86%) DV Cleared
7 30 (1.51%) ISEB
8 29 (1.46%) BPSS Clearance
9 26 (1.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 25 (1.25%) AWS Certification
10 25 (1.25%) CISSP
11 17 (0.85%) Microsoft Certification
12 15 (0.75%) CISM
13 14 (0.70%) Master's Degree
14 12 (0.60%) MCSE
15 11 (0.55%) CISA
16 8 (0.40%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 8 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
16 8 (0.40%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 7 (0.35%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 192 (9.63%) QA
2 17 (0.85%) Disclosure Scotland
2 17 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 16 (0.80%) WCAG
4 12 (0.60%) PCI DSS
5 10 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 9 (0.45%) SLA
7 8 (0.40%) Data Quality
8 7 (0.35%) GDPR
8 7 (0.35%) PSD2
System Software
1 484 (24.28%) Docker
2 49 (2.46%) VMware Infrastructure
3 47 (2.36%) Virtual Machines
4 32 (1.61%) Active Directory
5 24 (1.20%) HDFS
6 20 (1.00%) Hyper-V
7 19 (0.95%) VirtualBox
8 15 (0.75%) Apache Flume
8 15 (0.75%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 13 (0.65%) vCloud
10 8 (0.40%) Postfix
11 6 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (0.25%) Virtual Servers
12 5 (0.25%) Xen
12 5 (0.25%) XenApp
13 4 (0.20%) NFS
14 3 (0.15%) SRDF
14 3 (0.15%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 3 (0.15%) vSphere
15 2 (0.10%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 362 (18.16%) Kubernetes
2 350 (17.56%) Ansible
3 318 (15.96%) Puppet
4 259 (13.00%) Terraform
5 201 (10.09%) Opscode Chef
6 47 (2.36%) Nagios
7 45 (2.26%) Kibana
7 45 (2.26%) Salt
8 43 (2.16%) Grafana
9 39 (1.96%) logstash
10 32 (1.61%) Mesos
11 30 (1.51%) Packer
12 29 (1.46%) Prometheus
13 20 (1.00%) ZABBIX
14 19 (0.95%) Docker Swarm
15 18 (0.90%) Graphite
16 16 (0.80%) Rundeck
17 15 (0.75%) Single Sign-On
17 15 (0.75%) Suricata
18 13 (0.65%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 213 (10.69%) Microsoft
2 134 (6.72%) Atlassian
3 126 (6.32%) Oracle
4 121 (6.07%) Google
5 102 (5.12%) Splunk
6 76 (3.81%) Red Hat
7 70 (3.51%) VMware
8 52 (2.61%) New Relic
9 48 (2.41%) AppDynamics
10 34 (1.71%) ServiceNow
11 28 (1.40%) IBM
11 28 (1.40%) Pega
12 26 (1.30%) SAP
13 21 (1.05%) NetApp
14 20 (1.00%) Cisco
15 18 (0.90%) EMC
15 18 (0.90%) Micro Focus
16 16 (0.80%) Dynatrace
16 16 (0.80%) hybris
16 16 (0.80%) Qualys