Period
to 6 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Delivery skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 6 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Delivery
UK
6 months to
6 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 179 151 138
Rank change year-on-year -28 -13 +34
Contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery 642 1,632 1,969
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.44% 1.80% 1.96%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.68% 2.06% 2.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 437 1,083 1,470
Median daily rate £550 £520 £518
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.77% +0.48% +7.81%
10th Percentile £408 £400 £400
90th Percentile £725 £688 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £515 £485 £475
% change year-on-year +6.30% +2.00% +10.47%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 9 11
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £66.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -47.37% +4.98%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £66.50
% change year-on-year - -47.37% +7.80%

Continuous Delivery is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 38,245 79,056 87,309
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.55% 87.23% 86.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,071 51,948 57,516
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £300 £305 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £420
% change year-on-year +2.86% +4.17% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,330 2,151 2,316
Median hourly rate £30.00 £24.91 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.43% +13.23% -12.00%
10th Percentile £12.83 £11.85 £11.17
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £23.00 £24.00 £20.66
% change year-on-year -4.17% +16.19% -17.38%

Continuous Delivery
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Delivery as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 6 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery within the UK over the 6 months to 6 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -22 599 £550 +4.76% 89
London -22 349 £575 +4.55% 41
UK excluding London -18 282 £515 +6.30% 56
South East +10 94 £530 +10.42% 12
North of England +2 63 £500 +3.63% 12
South West +49 41 £603 +11.62% 10
Yorkshire +31 38 £500 +6.95% 3
Midlands -2 36 £463 -2.63% 9
West Midlands +15 31 £463 +2.78% 6
Work from Home +1 25 £636 +21.14% 10
Wales +28 19 £450 -18.18% 1
North West +15 17 £400 -24.53% 7
East of England +24 14 £525 +10.53% 5
Scotland -22 14 £525 +16.67% 5
North East +5 9 £450 -4.76% 2
East Midlands +19 5 - - 3
Northern Ireland +15 2 - - 2

For the 6 months to 6 June 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Delivery also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Delivery.

1 417 (64.95%) Agile Software Development
2 354 (55.14%) Continuous Integration
2 354 (55.14%) DevOps
3 254 (39.56%) Azure
4 246 (38.32%) AWS
5 210 (32.71%) Test Automation
6 208 (32.40%) Java
7 182 (28.35%) Kubernetes
8 161 (25.08%) Python
9 158 (24.61%) Docker
10 156 (24.30%) Git (software)
11 153 (23.83%) TDD
11 153 (23.83%) Microservices
12 145 (22.59%) JavaScript
13 142 (22.12%) Jenkins
14 141 (21.96%) Microsoft
15 134 (20.87%) Linux
16 133 (20.72%) Scrum
17 132 (20.56%) Infrastructure as Code
18 131 (20.40%) Terraform
19 120 (18.69%) SQL
20 112 (17.45%) GCP
21 111 (17.29%) Ansible
22 103 (16.04%) Software Engineering
23 94 (14.64%) Windows
24 91 (14.17%) Finance
25 86 (13.40%) PowerShell
26 85 (13.24%) Analytics
27 82 (12.77%) Open Source
27 82 (12.77%) Spring

Continuous Delivery
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (9.19%) Confluence
2 29 (4.52%) Elasticsearch
3 20 (3.12%) Apache Spark
4 15 (2.34%) Tomcat
5 12 (1.87%) Cloud Foundry
5 12 (1.87%) JBoss
5 12 (1.87%) Red Hat Fuse
6 10 (1.56%) Apache
6 10 (1.56%) nginx
7 8 (1.25%) IIS
7 8 (1.25%) Mule
7 8 (1.25%) SharePoint
8 6 (0.93%) CMS
9 5 (0.78%) Anypoint
9 5 (0.78%) WebLogic
10 4 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (0.47%) WebSphere
12 2 (0.31%) Drupal
12 2 (0.31%) Oracle Coherence
12 2 (0.31%) WordPress
Applications
1 4 (0.62%) Microsoft Excel
1 4 (0.62%) Microsoft Office
1 4 (0.62%) Microsoft Project
2 2 (0.31%) Photoshop
2 2 (0.31%) Sketch
3 1 (0.16%) Figma
3 1 (0.16%) InVision
Business Applications
1 4 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.47%) SAP FI-CA
2 3 (0.47%) SAP PSCD
3 2 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.16%) Oracle Retail
4 1 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.16%) SAP Business ByDesign
4 1 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 254 (39.56%) Azure
2 246 (38.32%) AWS
3 112 (17.45%) GCP
4 77 (11.99%) PaaS
5 61 (9.50%) GitHub
6 57 (8.88%) IaaS
7 52 (8.10%) Power Platform
8 31 (4.83%) AWS CloudFormation
9 26 (4.05%) Cloud Computing
10 23 (3.58%) Amazon EC2
10 23 (3.58%) Serverless
11 21 (3.27%) Amazon EKS
12 19 (2.96%) Amazon S3
12 19 (2.96%) OpenShift
12 19 (2.96%) SaaS
13 15 (2.34%) Amazon ECS
13 15 (2.34%) AWS Lambda
14 13 (2.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 11 (1.71%) Route 53
16 10 (1.56%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 48 (7.48%) HTTP
2 36 (5.61%) SSL
2 36 (5.61%) TCP/IP
3 30 (4.67%) Firewall
4 26 (4.05%) DNS
5 22 (3.43%) HTTPS
6 10 (1.56%) Skype
7 6 (0.93%) Reverse Proxy
7 6 (0.93%) SAN
8 3 (0.47%) Internet
8 3 (0.47%) Intrusion Detection
9 2 (0.31%) SSH
10 1 (0.16%) Broadband
10 1 (0.16%) DHCP
10 1 (0.16%) Kerberos
10 1 (0.16%) Network Security
10 1 (0.16%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (9.35%) Data Lake
1 60 (9.35%) NoSQL
2 51 (7.94%) Power BI
3 50 (7.79%) SQL Server
4 44 (6.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 38 (5.92%) HDInsight
6 34 (5.30%) MySQL
7 33 (5.14%) PostgreSQL
8 28 (4.36%) Data Warehouse
9 17 (2.65%) Hadoop
9 17 (2.65%) Redis
10 16 (2.49%) Big Data
10 16 (2.49%) MongoDB
11 10 (1.56%) Apache Cassandra
12 9 (1.40%) BigQuery
12 9 (1.40%) MariaDB
12 9 (1.40%) Relational Database
12 9 (1.40%) SQL Server 2014
12 9 (1.40%) SQL Server 2017
13 7 (1.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 156 (24.30%) Git (software)
2 142 (22.12%) Jenkins
3 75 (11.68%) JIRA
4 63 (9.81%) Visual Studio
5 41 (6.39%) Cucumber
6 40 (6.23%) Selenium
7 30 (4.67%) CircleCI
8 22 (3.43%) Bitbucket
9 21 (3.27%) Visual Studio Team System
10 20 (3.12%) Maven
11 19 (2.96%) GitLab
12 18 (2.80%) TeamCity
13 16 (2.49%) Team Foundation Server
14 15 (2.34%) WebDriver
15 14 (2.18%) SpecFlow
16 13 (2.02%) Subversion
17 12 (1.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 11 (1.71%) Mocha
18 11 (1.71%) Mockito
18 11 (1.71%) Vagrant
General
1 91 (14.17%) Finance
2 43 (6.70%) Public Sector
3 40 (6.23%) Banking
4 15 (2.34%) Front Office
5 12 (1.87%) Telecoms
6 11 (1.71%) Retail
7 9 (1.40%) Investment Banking
8 7 (1.09%) Marketing
9 6 (0.93%) Financial Institution
9 6 (0.93%) Manufacturing
10 4 (0.62%) Legal
11 3 (0.47%) Games
11 3 (0.47%) Law
11 3 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.47%) Publishing
11 3 (0.47%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.16%) Advertising
12 1 (0.16%) Back Office
12 1 (0.16%) Corporate Banking
12 1 (0.16%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 212 (33.02%) Developer
2 145 (22.59%) DevOps Engineer
3 86 (13.40%) Java Developer
4 49 (7.63%) Cloud Engineer
5 43 (6.70%) Azure Engineer
6 37 (5.76%) Architect
7 33 (5.14%) Python Developer
8 32 (4.98%) Lead DevOps
8 32 (4.98%) Platform Engineer
9 31 (4.83%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 30 (4.67%) AWS Engineer
10 30 (4.67%) Azure DevOps
11 27 (4.21%) Full Stack Developer
12 26 (4.05%) React Developer
13 22 (3.43%) AWS Developer
13 22 (3.43%) Senior DevOps
13 22 (3.43%) Software Engineer
13 22 (3.43%) Technical Architect
14 21 (3.27%) AWS DevOps
15 20 (3.12%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 82 (12.77%) Spring
2 67 (10.44%) RESTful
3 65 (10.12%) Node.js
4 61 (9.50%) .NET
4 61 (9.50%) AngularJS
4 61 (9.50%) React
5 55 (8.57%) Web Services
6 50 (7.79%) HTML
6 50 (7.79%) REST
7 45 (7.01%) CSS
8 40 (6.23%) Kafka
8 40 (6.23%) Spring Boot
9 33 (5.14%) JSON
9 33 (5.14%) XML
10 26 (4.05%) RabbitMQ
11 25 (3.89%) Spring Security
12 22 (3.43%) Guice
13 21 (3.27%) JAAS
14 17 (2.65%) HTML5
14 17 (2.65%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 38 (5.92%) Greenfield Project
2 30 (4.67%) Analytical Skills
3 24 (3.74%) Cloud Native
3 24 (3.74%) Public Cloud
4 23 (3.58%) User Experience
5 20 (3.12%) Linux Command Line
6 17 (2.65%) Mobile App
7 15 (2.34%) Virtual Team
8 13 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
9 12 (1.87%) Hybrid Cloud
9 12 (1.87%) Management Information System
9 12 (1.87%) Self-Motivation
10 10 (1.56%) Derivative
11 8 (1.25%) Enterprise Cloud
12 7 (1.09%) Private Cloud
13 6 (0.93%) Fixed Income
14 5 (0.78%) Data Structures
14 5 (0.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 5 (0.78%) iPad
14 5 (0.78%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 134 (20.87%) Linux
2 94 (14.64%) Windows
3 29 (4.52%) Unix
4 19 (2.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 9 (1.40%) CentOS
6 8 (1.25%) Mac OS X
7 6 (0.93%) Apple iOS
7 6 (0.93%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.47%) AIX
8 3 (0.47%) Android
8 3 (0.47%) CoreOS
9 2 (0.31%) Mesosphere
10 1 (0.16%) Debian
10 1 (0.16%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.16%) SUSE
10 1 (0.16%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 417 (64.95%) Agile Software Development
2 354 (55.14%) Continuous Integration
2 354 (55.14%) DevOps
3 210 (32.71%) Test Automation
4 153 (23.83%) Microservices
4 153 (23.83%) TDD
5 133 (20.72%) Scrum
6 132 (20.56%) Infrastructure as Code
7 103 (16.04%) Software Engineering
8 85 (13.24%) Analytics
9 82 (12.77%) Open Source
10 75 (11.68%) BDD
11 68 (10.59%) Configuration Management
12 63 (9.81%) Business Intelligence
13 57 (8.88%) SDLC
14 52 (8.10%) Security Testing
15 50 (7.79%) Problem-Solving
16 48 (7.48%) Data Management
17 47 (7.32%) Pair Programming
17 47 (7.32%) Task Automation
Programming Languages
1 208 (32.40%) Java
2 161 (25.08%) Python
3 145 (22.59%) JavaScript
4 120 (18.69%) SQL
5 86 (13.40%) PowerShell
6 61 (9.50%) C#
7 45 (7.01%) Java 8
8 44 (6.85%) Ruby
9 39 (6.07%) TypeScript
10 37 (5.76%) Scala
11 34 (5.30%) Bash Shell
12 31 (4.83%) Go
13 30 (4.67%) Kotlin
14 18 (2.80%) ES6
14 18 (2.80%) Shell Script
15 15 (2.34%) C++
16 14 (2.18%) Groovy
17 11 (1.71%) PHP
18 7 (1.09%) Perl
19 5 (0.78%) C
Qualifications
1 77 (11.99%) Security Cleared
2 62 (9.66%) SC Cleared
3 34 (5.30%) Degree
4 22 (3.43%) AWS Certification
5 19 (2.96%) BPSS Clearance
6 15 (2.34%) Computer Science Degree
7 12 (1.87%) ISTQB
8 7 (1.09%) DV Cleared
8 7 (1.09%) Microsoft Certification
9 6 (0.93%) ISEB
10 5 (0.78%) CCNA
10 5 (0.78%) Cisco Certification
10 5 (0.78%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 4 (0.62%) CISM
11 4 (0.62%) CISSP
11 4 (0.62%) DBS Check
11 4 (0.62%) ITIL Certification
12 3 (0.47%) TOGAF Certification
13 2 (0.31%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 1 (0.16%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (4.98%) QA
2 6 (0.93%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 6 (0.93%) NIST
3 4 (0.62%) P3O
3 4 (0.62%) WCAG
4 3 (0.47%) COBIT
4 3 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 3 (0.47%) NCSC
5 2 (0.31%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.31%) GDPR
5 2 (0.31%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 2 (0.31%) SLA
5 2 (0.31%) WAI
System Software
1 158 (24.61%) Docker
2 39 (6.07%) Virtual Machines
3 11 (1.71%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (1.25%) Active Directory
4 8 (1.25%) vSphere
5 6 (0.93%) VMware NSX
6 4 (0.62%) HDFS
6 4 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.16%) GridGain
7 1 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 182 (28.35%) Kubernetes
2 131 (20.40%) Terraform
3 111 (17.29%) Ansible
4 62 (9.66%) Puppet
5 55 (8.57%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (5.30%) Prometheus
7 27 (4.21%) Salt
8 16 (2.49%) Zipkin
9 9 (1.40%) Grafana
10 5 (0.78%) logstash
10 5 (0.78%) Single Sign-On
10 5 (0.78%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 4 (0.62%) Docker Swarm
11 4 (0.62%) Graphite
11 4 (0.62%) Nagios
12 3 (0.47%) Kibana
12 3 (0.47%) MIIS
12 3 (0.47%) Rundeck
13 2 (0.31%) Packer
13 2 (0.31%) Rsyslog
Vendors
1 141 (21.96%) Microsoft
2 70 (10.90%) Google
3 36 (5.61%) Atlassian
4 26 (4.05%) Informatica
5 23 (3.58%) Red Hat
6 21 (3.27%) Oracle
7 13 (2.02%) VMware
8 9 (1.40%) MuleSoft
9 8 (1.25%) Adobe
9 8 (1.25%) Hortonworks
9 8 (1.25%) Lets Encrypt
9 8 (1.25%) New Relic
9 8 (1.25%) ServiceNow
9 8 (1.25%) Splunk
9 8 (1.25%) Tableau
10 7 (1.09%) Databricks
10 7 (1.09%) EMC
10 7 (1.09%) SAP
11 6 (0.93%) Cisco
11 6 (0.93%) TOWER Software