Period
to 23 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Delivery skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 23 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Delivery
UK
6 months to
23 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 180 189 156
Rank change year-on-year +9 -33 -24
Contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery 747 789 1,717
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.38% 1.40% 1.80%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.59% 1.65% 2.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 523 556 1,140
10th Percentile £403 £405 £394
25th Percentile £450 £463 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £550 £510
Median % change year-on-year -9.09% +7.84% -2.86%
75th Percentile £600 £638 £600
90th Percentile £688 £716 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £520 £485
% change year-on-year -8.65% +7.22% +2.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 3
10th Percentile £36.40 " £52.00
25th Percentile £36.63 £62.50 £55.00
Median hourly rate £42.50 £65.00 £60.00
Median % change year-on-year -34.62% +8.33% -9.77%
75th Percentile £47.19 £67.50 £65.00
90th Percentile £50.23 " £68.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £65.00 -
% change year-on-year -37.69% - -

Continuous Delivery is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 47,027 47,897 83,363
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.91% 85.25% 87.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 32,247 31,784 56,142
10th Percentile £306 £283 £300
25th Percentile £400 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £580 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £660 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £446 £435
% change year-on-year -1.91% +2.53% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,429 1,518 1,998
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.37 £11.50
25th Percentile £16.00 £15.93 £14.29
Median hourly rate £26.50 £21.57 £22.65
Median % change year-on-year +22.86% -4.77% +7.86%
75th Percentile £47.50 £46.00 £43.84
90th Percentile £58.75 £55.00 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.21 £20.11 £22.40
% change year-on-year +15.42% -10.22% +12.00%

Continuous Delivery
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Delivery as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery within the UK over the 6 months to 23 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 600 £525 -4.55% 227
London -8 398 £550 -4.35% 102
UK excluding London +33 244 £475 -8.65% 148
Work from Home -95 198 £500 -11.97% 42
South East +32 60 £475 -9.52% 39
Scotland +39 57 £495 -5.71% 16
South West +32 42 £450 -18.18% 19
North of England +18 36 £475 -9.52% 32
Midlands +17 28 £465 -0.80% 16
North West +26 19 £475 +15.15% 24
West Midlands +8 19 £459 -0.76% 12
Yorkshire +4 14 £500 -9.09% 6
East of England +26 12 £475 +11.76% 20
East Midlands +25 9 £523 +10.11% 4
Wales -8 9 £511 +1.24% 4
North East +28 3 £425 -17.07% 2

For the 6 months to 23 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Delivery also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Delivery.

1 505 (67.60%) Agile Software Development
2 370 (49.53%) DevOps
3 332 (44.44%) Java
4 304 (40.70%) Continuous Integration
5 249 (33.33%) AWS
6 229 (30.66%) TDD
7 216 (28.92%) Test Automation
8 197 (26.37%) Microservices
9 183 (24.50%) Docker
10 176 (23.56%) Azure
10 176 (23.56%) Python
11 170 (22.76%) Scrum
12 168 (22.49%) Kubernetes
13 166 (22.22%) Jenkins
14 157 (21.02%) Git (software)
15 150 (20.08%) Finance
16 146 (19.54%) Software Engineering
17 134 (17.94%) JIRA
18 129 (17.27%) Spring
19 127 (17.00%) Terraform
20 118 (15.80%) Linux
21 117 (15.66%) JavaScript
22 116 (15.53%) SQL
23 114 (15.26%) Ansible
23 114 (15.26%) BDD
24 99 (13.25%) C#
25 98 (13.12%) Infrastructure as Code
26 96 (12.85%) Problem-Solving
27 94 (12.58%) Confluence
28 93 (12.45%) Banking

Continuous Delivery
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (12.58%) Confluence
2 35 (4.69%) Apache
3 33 (4.42%) JBoss
4 27 (3.61%) Tomcat
5 26 (3.48%) Cloud Foundry
6 25 (3.35%) Red Hat Fuse
7 22 (2.95%) Elasticsearch
8 17 (2.28%) WebLogic
9 12 (1.61%) Mule
9 12 (1.61%) WebSphere
10 9 (1.20%) WebSphere Application Server
11 8 (1.07%) Apache Spark
11 8 (1.07%) MQSeries
12 6 (0.80%) nginx
13 4 (0.54%) IIS
13 4 (0.54%) Jetty
13 4 (0.54%) OpenStack
13 4 (0.54%) Oracle Self-Service HR
14 3 (0.40%) Apache ServiceMix
14 3 (0.40%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 7 (0.94%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.54%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.13%) Figma
3 1 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.13%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 4 (0.54%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.40%) Magento
2 3 (0.40%) SAP FI-CA
2 3 (0.40%) SAP Hybris
2 3 (0.40%) SAP PSCD
3 1 (0.13%) SessionCam
Cloud Services
1 249 (33.33%) AWS
2 176 (23.56%) Azure
3 84 (11.24%) Serverless
4 60 (8.03%) GCP
5 54 (7.23%) GitHub
6 49 (6.56%) PaaS
7 48 (6.43%) OpenShift
8 43 (5.76%) AWS Lambda
9 35 (4.69%) AWS CloudFormation
10 34 (4.55%) IaaS
11 31 (4.15%) Amazon S3
12 29 (3.88%) SaaS
13 27 (3.61%) Power Platform
14 26 (3.48%) Cloud Computing
15 25 (3.35%) Azure Key Vault
16 23 (3.08%) Azure Storage
17 21 (2.81%) Azure Logic Apps
18 20 (2.68%) Azure Service Bus
18 20 (2.68%) Power Automate
18 20 (2.68%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.81%) HTTPS
2 14 (1.87%) HTTP
3 13 (1.74%) Firewall
4 10 (1.34%) SSL
5 9 (1.20%) VPN
5 9 (1.20%) WAN
6 8 (1.07%) DNS
7 5 (0.67%) LAN
7 5 (0.67%) Reverse Proxy
8 4 (0.54%) Cisco Nexus
8 4 (0.54%) FCoE
8 4 (0.54%) Fibre Channel
8 4 (0.54%) Internet
8 4 (0.54%) iSCSI
8 4 (0.54%) Multicast
8 4 (0.54%) NAS
8 4 (0.54%) SAN
8 4 (0.54%) SD-WAN
8 4 (0.54%) SSH
8 4 (0.54%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (9.77%) SQL Server
2 53 (7.10%) NoSQL
3 51 (6.83%) MongoDB
4 36 (4.82%) Relational Database
5 33 (4.42%) PostgreSQL
6 27 (3.61%) MySQL
7 24 (3.21%) Azure SQL Database
8 22 (2.95%) Apache Ignite
8 22 (2.95%) Data Warehouse
9 21 (2.81%) OLTP
10 19 (2.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 14 (1.87%) Big Data
12 13 (1.74%) Hadoop
13 12 (1.61%) Amazon Aurora
14 9 (1.20%) Blockchain
14 9 (1.20%) NonStop SQL
14 9 (1.20%) Star Schema
15 8 (1.07%) Data Lake
15 8 (1.07%) Redis
16 7 (0.94%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 166 (22.22%) Jenkins
2 157 (21.02%) Git (software)
3 134 (17.94%) JIRA
4 57 (7.63%) JUnit
5 55 (7.36%) Cucumber
6 52 (6.96%) Maven
7 46 (6.16%) Bitbucket
8 45 (6.02%) GitLab
9 41 (5.49%) Selenium
10 32 (4.28%) TeamCity
11 29 (3.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 26 (3.48%) Artifactory
13 23 (3.08%) Mockito
13 23 (3.08%) Visual Studio Team System
14 21 (2.81%) Subversion
15 20 (2.68%) Gradle
16 17 (2.28%) Cypress.io
16 17 (2.28%) SonarQube
17 16 (2.14%) Sonatype Nexus
18 15 (2.01%) FishEye
General
1 150 (20.08%) Finance
2 93 (12.45%) Banking
3 75 (10.04%) Public Sector
4 44 (5.89%) Investment Banking
5 25 (3.35%) Front Office
6 17 (2.28%) Retail
7 13 (1.74%) Telecoms
8 7 (0.94%) Law
9 4 (0.54%) Advertising
9 4 (0.54%) Marketing
9 4 (0.54%) Retail Banking
10 3 (0.40%) Automotive
10 3 (0.40%) Welsh Language
11 2 (0.27%) Back Office
11 2 (0.27%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.27%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.27%) Military
11 2 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.27%) Publishing
11 2 (0.27%) Swedish Language
Job Titles
1 278 (37.22%) Developer
2 110 (14.73%) DevOps Engineer
3 100 (13.39%) Java Developer
4 57 (7.63%) Architect
5 52 (6.96%) Senior Developer
6 37 (4.95%) Azure Engineer
7 35 (4.69%) Senior Java Developer
8 32 (4.28%) C# Developer
9 31 (4.15%) .NET Developer
10 29 (3.88%) Software Engineer
11 27 (3.61%) Analyst
12 26 (3.48%) Cloud Engineer
13 24 (3.21%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 24 (3.21%) Solutions Architect
13 24 (3.21%) User Researcher
14 22 (2.95%) AWS Engineer
14 22 (2.95%) Java Engineer
15 20 (2.68%) React Developer
16 19 (2.54%) C# .NET Developer
17 18 (2.41%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 129 (17.27%) Spring
2 82 (10.98%) Spring Boot
3 80 (10.71%) .NET
4 77 (10.31%) REST
5 64 (8.57%) Node.js
6 61 (8.17%) React
7 60 (8.03%) Web Services
8 51 (6.83%) AngularJS
9 49 (6.56%) RESTful
10 46 (6.16%) JSON
11 45 (6.02%) XML
12 37 (4.95%) Kafka
13 36 (4.82%) HTML
13 36 (4.82%) RxJava
14 34 (4.55%) CSS
15 28 (3.75%) Hibernate
15 28 (3.75%) RabbitMQ
16 25 (3.35%) Apache Camel
17 24 (3.21%) .NET Core
18 23 (3.08%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 54 (7.23%) User Experience
2 46 (6.16%) Analytical Skills
3 40 (5.35%) Mobile App
4 38 (5.09%) Greenfield Project
5 34 (4.55%) Cloud Native
6 21 (2.81%) Fixed Income
7 19 (2.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 15 (2.01%) Self-Motivation
9 14 (1.87%) Hedge funds
9 14 (1.87%) Management Information System
10 13 (1.74%) Derivative
10 13 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
11 12 (1.61%) Data Structures
12 11 (1.47%) Equities
12 11 (1.47%) Virtual Team
13 9 (1.20%) Public Cloud
14 8 (1.07%) iPad
14 8 (1.07%) iPhone
15 6 (0.80%) N-Tier
15 6 (0.80%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 118 (15.80%) Linux
2 52 (6.96%) Unix
3 45 (6.02%) Windows
4 41 (5.49%) Android
5 32 (4.28%) Apple iOS
6 24 (3.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 13 (1.74%) Ubuntu
8 9 (1.20%) CentOS
8 9 (1.20%) Mac OS X
9 5 (0.67%) Windows Server
10 4 (0.54%) Debian
10 4 (0.54%) Solaris
11 2 (0.27%) VMS
12 1 (0.13%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 505 (67.60%) Agile Software Development
2 370 (49.53%) DevOps
3 304 (40.70%) Continuous Integration
4 229 (30.66%) TDD
5 216 (28.92%) Test Automation
6 197 (26.37%) Microservices
7 170 (22.76%) Scrum
8 146 (19.54%) Software Engineering
9 114 (15.26%) BDD
10 98 (13.12%) Infrastructure as Code
11 96 (12.85%) Problem-Solving
12 77 (10.31%) SDLC
13 76 (10.17%) Continuous Improvement
14 72 (9.64%) Deployment Automation
15 70 (9.37%) Mentoring
16 69 (9.24%) Pair Programming
17 68 (9.10%) OO
18 59 (7.90%) Kanban
18 59 (7.90%) Open Source
19 54 (7.23%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 332 (44.44%) Java
2 176 (23.56%) Python
3 117 (15.66%) JavaScript
4 116 (15.53%) SQL
5 99 (13.25%) C#
6 69 (9.24%) Kotlin
7 63 (8.43%) TypeScript
8 60 (8.03%) Java 8
9 53 (7.10%) PowerShell
10 49 (6.56%) Scala
11 47 (6.29%) Bash Shell
12 32 (4.28%) Go
13 30 (4.02%) C++
14 29 (3.88%) Ruby
15 28 (3.75%) Shell Script
16 27 (3.61%) T-SQL
17 22 (2.95%) PL/SQL
18 21 (2.81%) Perl
19 19 (2.54%) Groovy
20 15 (2.01%) PHP
Qualifications
1 93 (12.45%) Security Cleared
2 78 (10.44%) SC Cleared
3 61 (8.17%) Degree
4 13 (1.74%) AWS Certification
5 12 (1.61%) DV Cleared
6 11 (1.47%) BPSS Clearance
6 11 (1.47%) Computer Science Degree
7 7 (0.94%) ISEB
7 7 (0.94%) ISTQB
8 6 (0.80%) OCP
8 6 (0.80%) Oracle Certification
9 4 (0.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 4 (0.54%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.54%) PMI Certification
10 3 (0.40%) CSPO
11 2 (0.27%) CISSP
11 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.27%) PMP
12 1 (0.13%) CCNA
12 1 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (3.75%) QA
2 5 (0.67%) PMO
3 4 (0.54%) SLA
4 3 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.27%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.27%) GDPR
5 2 (0.27%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.27%) WCAG
6 1 (0.13%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 183 (24.50%) Docker
2 22 (2.95%) GridGain
3 8 (1.07%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.67%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.54%) Hyper-V
5 4 (0.54%) KVM
5 4 (0.54%) NFS
5 4 (0.54%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.54%) SRDF
5 4 (0.54%) Xen
6 3 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.27%) HDFS
7 2 (0.27%) vSphere
8 1 (0.13%) DFS Replication
8 1 (0.13%) LXC
8 1 (0.13%) Platform Symphony
8 1 (0.13%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 168 (22.49%) Kubernetes
2 127 (17.00%) Terraform
3 114 (15.26%) Ansible
4 47 (6.29%) Puppet
5 46 (6.16%) Prometheus
6 32 (4.28%) Grafana
7 16 (2.14%) Opscode Chef
8 10 (1.34%) Istio
8 10 (1.34%) Kibana
8 10 (1.34%) Salt
9 8 (1.07%) Zipkin
10 4 (0.54%) Consul
10 4 (0.54%) Packer
10 4 (0.54%) Rancher
11 3 (0.40%) Control-M
11 3 (0.40%) Mesos
11 3 (0.40%) vRealize
12 2 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
12 2 (0.27%) Nagios
12 2 (0.27%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 50 (6.69%) Microsoft
2 49 (6.56%) Atlassian
2 49 (6.56%) Oracle
3 33 (4.42%) MuleSoft
4 31 (4.15%) Google
5 30 (4.02%) Red Hat
6 27 (3.61%) Splunk
7 23 (3.08%) Sybase
8 19 (2.54%) AppDynamics
9 13 (1.74%) IBM
10 12 (1.61%) SAP
11 11 (1.47%) Axway
11 11 (1.47%) Murex
11 11 (1.47%) webMethods
12 8 (1.07%) Apple
12 8 (1.07%) Cisco
12 8 (1.07%) Databricks
12 8 (1.07%) HP
12 8 (1.07%) Sparx
12 8 (1.07%) TIBCO