Period
to 20 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Delivery skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 20 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Delivery
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 152 162 182
Rank change year-on-year +10 +20 +164
Contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery 1,838 1,586 1,636
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.79% 1.60% 1.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.07% 1.88% 1.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,277 1,114 1,155
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £375 £375 £339
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 5 10
UK median hourly rate £65.84 £57.00 £57.16
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.50% -0.27% +27.01%
10th Percentile £32.20 £55.76 £47.80
90th Percentile £74.11 £60.21 £59.31
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £57.00 £57.16
% change year-on-year -26.32% -0.27% -

Continuous Delivery is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,745 84,585 91,698
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.20% 85.59% 85.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,601 55,681 60,671
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.12%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,450 2,094 2,377
UK median hourly rate £20.50 £24.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.58% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £24.00 £23.39
% change year-on-year -16.67% +2.62% +6.31%

Continuous Delivery
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Delivery as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 1,660 £525 +5.00% 533
London +5 1,008 £550 +4.76% 264
UK excluding London +16 815 £475 - 309
South East +44 270 £475 - 56
North of England -6 163 £492 -0.05% 92
Scotland +15 114 £500 +17.65% 23
Midlands +1 94 £500 +5.26% 44
North West -19 81 £475 -5.00% 50
South West -25 75 £425 +0.59% 39
West Midlands -7 66 £528 +8.21% 30
East of England -18 49 £563 +7.14% 39
Wales +18 47 £500 +11.11% 9
Yorkshire -22 45 £475 -11.21% 30
North East +13 38 £525 -16.00% 12
East Midlands +4 28 £390 -9.04% 14
Northern Ireland +37 5 £525 +30.43% 8

For the 6 months to 20 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Delivery also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Delivery.

1 1,281 (69.70%) Agile Software Development
2 903 (49.13%) Continuous Integration
3 804 (43.74%) DevOps
4 708 (38.52%) Java
5 650 (35.36%) Amazon AWS
6 616 (33.51%) Jenkins
7 615 (33.46%) TDD
8 535 (29.11%) Test Automation
9 476 (25.90%) Scrum
10 475 (25.84%) Git (software)
11 468 (25.46%) JavaScript
11 468 (25.46%) Linux
12 439 (23.88%) Docker
13 379 (20.62%) Python
14 370 (20.13%) Ansible
15 367 (19.97%) BDD
16 359 (19.53%) Microsoft Azure
17 350 (19.04%) Microservices
18 328 (17.85%) Kubernetes
19 322 (17.52%) Puppet
20 299 (16.27%) Kanban
21 282 (15.34%) Terraform
22 281 (15.29%) Finance
23 258 (14.04%) Open Source
24 257 (13.98%) Software Engineering
25 252 (13.71%) REST
26 245 (13.33%) RESTful
27 239 (13.00%) Node.js
28 229 (12.46%) JIRA
29 225 (12.24%) SQL

Continuous Delivery
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 144 (7.83%) Confluence
2 105 (5.71%) Elasticsearch
3 86 (4.68%) Apache
4 72 (3.92%) Tomcat
5 68 (3.70%) Apache Spark
6 49 (2.67%) OpenStack
7 48 (2.61%) nginx
8 38 (2.07%) Jetty
9 37 (2.01%) IIS
10 24 (1.31%) Cloud Foundry
10 24 (1.31%) WebSphere
11 19 (1.03%) JBoss
11 19 (1.03%) Mongrel
12 18 (0.98%) Apache Solr
13 15 (0.82%) CMS
14 13 (0.71%) GlassFish
14 13 (0.71%) WildFly
15 12 (0.65%) Apache Pig
15 12 (0.65%) Mule
16 9 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 13 (0.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.54%) Fireworks
2 10 (0.54%) Photoshop
3 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.22%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.11%) HipChat
4 2 (0.11%) SPSS
5 1 (0.054%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.054%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.054%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 4 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 3 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.16%) Oracle Cash Management
2 3 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 2 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.11%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.054%) Magento
4 1 (0.054%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.054%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 650 (35.36%) Amazon AWS
2 359 (19.53%) Microsoft Azure
3 110 (5.98%) AWS CloudFormation
4 104 (5.66%) PaaS
5 98 (5.33%) Google Cloud Platform
6 85 (4.62%) OpenShift
7 80 (4.35%) IaaS
8 79 (4.30%) Serverless
9 69 (3.75%) GitHub
10 68 (3.70%) Cloud Computing
11 54 (2.94%) SaaS
12 46 (2.50%) Amazon EC2
13 37 (2.01%) npm
14 36 (1.96%) Amazon S3
15 35 (1.90%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 31 (1.69%) AWS Lambda
17 25 (1.36%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 23 (1.25%) Amazon ELB
19 19 (1.03%) Amazon Glacier
20 17 (0.92%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 111 (6.04%) HTTP
2 83 (4.52%) Firewall
3 40 (2.18%) DNS
4 38 (2.07%) TCP/IP
5 23 (1.25%) SSL
6 19 (1.03%) SAN
7 18 (0.98%) Software-Defined Networking
7 18 (0.98%) VPN
8 17 (0.92%) Network Security
9 15 (0.82%) Internet
10 13 (0.71%) Reverse Proxy
11 12 (0.65%) OpenLDAP
12 11 (0.60%) FTP
12 11 (0.60%) OpenVPN
13 10 (0.54%) SSH
14 9 (0.49%) NAS
14 9 (0.49%) SMS
15 8 (0.44%) LAN
16 7 (0.38%) DHCP
16 7 (0.38%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 167 (9.09%) NoSQL
2 136 (7.40%) PostgreSQL
3 132 (7.18%) MongoDB
4 105 (5.71%) MySQL
4 105 (5.71%) SQL Server
5 97 (5.28%) Relational Database
6 90 (4.90%) Big Data
7 76 (4.13%) Hadoop
8 69 (3.75%) Apache Cassandra
9 52 (2.83%) Redis
10 38 (2.07%) HBase
11 36 (1.96%) Apache Hive
12 31 (1.69%) RDBMS
13 24 (1.31%) Amazon RDS
13 24 (1.31%) Data Warehouse
14 21 (1.14%) NuoDB
15 19 (1.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 17 (0.92%) Data Lake
17 14 (0.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 13 (0.71%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 616 (33.51%) Jenkins
2 475 (25.84%) Git (software)
3 229 (12.46%) JIRA
4 183 (9.96%) Selenium
5 166 (9.03%) Maven
6 130 (7.07%) Cucumber
7 124 (6.75%) TeamCity
8 81 (4.41%) JUnit
9 76 (4.13%) Subversion
10 75 (4.08%) Sonatype Nexus
11 70 (3.81%) Team Foundation Server
12 64 (3.48%) Visual Studio Team System
13 63 (3.43%) Gradle
14 55 (2.99%) Artifactory
15 52 (2.83%) Ant
16 51 (2.77%) Octopus Deploy
17 50 (2.72%) Bitbucket
18 49 (2.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 48 (2.61%) MSBuild
20 47 (2.56%) SoapUI
General
1 281 (15.29%) Finance
2 152 (8.27%) Banking
3 65 (3.54%) Retail
4 42 (2.29%) Marketing
5 34 (1.85%) Telecoms
6 28 (1.52%) Front Office
6 28 (1.52%) Investment Banking
7 25 (1.36%) Advertising
8 22 (1.20%) Manufacturing
9 18 (0.98%) Electronics
9 18 (0.98%) Financial Institution
10 15 (0.82%) Games
11 14 (0.76%) Law
12 12 (0.65%) Back Office
13 11 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
14 8 (0.44%) Publishing
15 5 (0.27%) Legal
15 5 (0.27%) Retail Banking
16 4 (0.22%) French Language
17 3 (0.16%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 652 (35.47%) Developer
2 334 (18.17%) DevOps Engineer
3 220 (11.97%) Java Developer
4 136 (7.40%) Architect
5 119 (6.47%) Senior Developer
6 110 (5.98%) AWS Engineer
7 101 (5.50%) React Developer
8 100 (5.44%) Full Stack Developer
9 93 (5.06%) AWS DevOps
9 93 (5.06%) Cloud Engineer
10 90 (4.90%) Software Engineer
11 80 (4.35%) .NET Developer
12 77 (4.19%) C# Developer
13 75 (4.08%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 72 (3.92%) Node.js Developer
15 67 (3.65%) Analyst
15 67 (3.65%) Tester
16 61 (3.32%) JavaScript Developer
16 61 (3.32%) Senior Java Developer
17 60 (3.26%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 252 (13.71%) REST
2 245 (13.33%) RESTful
3 239 (13.00%) Node.js
4 221 (12.02%) Web Services
5 210 (11.43%) HTML
6 208 (11.32%) .NET
7 191 (10.39%) CSS
8 190 (10.34%) Spring
9 180 (9.79%) React
10 172 (9.36%) AngularJS
11 116 (6.31%) Spring Boot
12 114 (6.20%) JSON
13 105 (5.71%) HTML5
14 96 (5.22%) SOAP
15 89 (4.84%) Kafka
16 88 (4.79%) XML
17 85 (4.62%) CSS3
18 68 (3.70%) jQuery
19 65 (3.54%) Elastic Stack
20 64 (3.48%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 116 (6.31%) User Experience
2 108 (5.88%) Greenfield Project
3 98 (5.33%) Analytical Skills
4 64 (3.48%) Computer Science
5 50 (2.72%) Mobile App
6 47 (2.56%) Linux Command Line
7 44 (2.39%) Cloud Native
8 40 (2.18%) Fintech
9 37 (2.01%) Private Cloud
10 32 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
11 31 (1.69%) Virtual Team
12 30 (1.63%) Enterprise Software
13 28 (1.52%) Public Cloud
14 21 (1.14%) Data Centre
14 21 (1.14%) Management Information System
15 16 (0.87%) Fixed Income
16 14 (0.76%) Blog
16 14 (0.76%) Enterprise Cloud
17 13 (0.71%) Derivative
17 13 (0.71%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 468 (25.46%) Linux
2 175 (9.52%) Unix
3 152 (8.27%) Windows
4 115 (6.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 69 (3.75%) CentOS
6 57 (3.10%) Android
7 48 (2.61%) Apple iOS
8 42 (2.29%) Ubuntu
9 31 (1.69%) Windows Server
10 20 (1.09%) Debian
11 18 (0.98%) Fedora
12 8 (0.44%) Mac OS X
13 7 (0.38%) Mac OS
14 4 (0.22%) CoreOS
14 4 (0.22%) DC/OS
14 4 (0.22%) Kali Linux
14 4 (0.22%) Oracle Linux
15 3 (0.16%) Solaris
16 2 (0.11%) AIX
16 2 (0.11%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,281 (69.70%) Agile Software Development
2 903 (49.13%) Continuous Integration
3 804 (43.74%) DevOps
4 615 (33.46%) TDD
5 535 (29.11%) Test Automation
6 476 (25.90%) Scrum
7 367 (19.97%) BDD
8 350 (19.04%) Microservices
9 299 (16.27%) Kanban
10 258 (14.04%) Open Source
11 257 (13.98%) Software Engineering
12 213 (11.59%) Configuration Management
13 182 (9.90%) Problem-Solving
14 163 (8.87%) Deployment Automation
14 163 (8.87%) SDLC
15 161 (8.76%) Mentoring
16 147 (8.00%) Pair Programming
17 138 (7.51%) Continuous Improvement
18 134 (7.29%) Unit Testing
19 127 (6.91%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 708 (38.52%) Java
2 468 (25.46%) JavaScript
3 379 (20.62%) Python
4 225 (12.24%) SQL
5 224 (12.19%) C#
6 180 (9.79%) Ruby
7 159 (8.65%) Scala
8 140 (7.62%) Bash Shell
9 118 (6.42%) Java 8
10 103 (5.60%) PowerShell
11 99 (5.39%) Groovy
12 85 (4.62%) Go
13 82 (4.46%) Perl
14 80 (4.35%) ES6
15 56 (3.05%) TypeScript
16 42 (2.29%) C++
17 35 (1.90%) Shell Script
18 27 (1.47%) PHP
19 20 (1.09%) T-SQL
20 19 (1.03%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 118 (6.42%) Security Cleared
2 102 (5.55%) Degree
3 98 (5.33%) SC Cleared
4 44 (2.39%) Computer Science Degree
5 31 (1.69%) AWS Certification
6 29 (1.58%) ISTQB
7 18 (0.98%) BPSS Clearance
8 14 (0.76%) ISEB
9 13 (0.71%) CISSP
10 12 (0.65%) CISA
11 11 (0.60%) CISM
12 10 (0.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 9 (0.49%) Master's Degree
14 7 (0.38%) CSSLP
14 7 (0.38%) DBS Check
14 7 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
15 5 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
16 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
16 4 (0.22%) OCP
16 4 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 158 (8.60%) QA
2 27 (1.47%) GCP
3 9 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
4 7 (0.38%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.38%) PSD2
5 6 (0.33%) GDPR
5 6 (0.33%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.11%) COBIT
7 2 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.11%) EMIR
7 2 (0.11%) MiFID
8 1 (0.054%) PMO
8 1 (0.054%) SLA
System Software
1 439 (23.88%) Docker
2 72 (3.92%) VMware Infrastructure
3 27 (1.47%) Active Directory
4 26 (1.41%) Hyper-V
4 26 (1.41%) Virtual Machines
5 22 (1.20%) VirtualBox
6 19 (1.03%) HDFS
7 12 (0.65%) vCloud
8 11 (0.60%) Postfix
8 11 (0.60%) Squid
9 10 (0.54%) NFS
9 10 (0.54%) vSphere
9 10 (0.54%) Xen
10 9 (0.49%) Apache Flume
11 8 (0.44%) VMware NSX
12 6 (0.33%) KVM
12 6 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 4 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
15 3 (0.16%) iptables
Systems Management
1 370 (20.13%) Ansible
2 328 (17.85%) Kubernetes
3 322 (17.52%) Puppet
4 282 (15.34%) Terraform
5 176 (9.58%) Opscode Chef
6 51 (2.77%) Kibana
7 46 (2.50%) Salt
8 44 (2.39%) logstash
9 43 (2.34%) Packer
10 38 (2.07%) Nagios
10 38 (2.07%) Prometheus
11 22 (1.20%) Grafana
12 20 (1.09%) Graylog
12 20 (1.09%) ZABBIX
13 19 (1.03%) Consul
14 18 (0.98%) Docker Swarm
15 17 (0.92%) Rancher
15 17 (0.92%) Sysdig
16 16 (0.87%) Oozie
17 14 (0.76%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 173 (9.41%) Microsoft
2 104 (5.66%) Google
3 100 (5.44%) Red Hat
4 97 (5.28%) Oracle
5 95 (5.17%) VMware
6 63 (3.43%) Splunk
7 56 (3.05%) Atlassian
8 47 (2.56%) AppDynamics
9 43 (2.34%) New Relic
10 33 (1.80%) Salesforce.com
11 31 (1.69%) IBM
12 30 (1.63%) SAP
13 20 (1.09%) Adobe
14 17 (0.92%) Cisco
14 17 (0.92%) EMC
15 16 (0.87%) NetApp
16 15 (0.82%) Pega
17 14 (0.76%) Cloudera
18 13 (0.71%) Dynatrace
18 13 (0.71%) TOWER Software