Period
to 18 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Delivery skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Delivery
UK
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 159 148 164
Rank change year-on-year -11 +16 +45
Contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery 1,546 1,897 1,518
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.67% 1.83% 1.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.92% 2.11% 1.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,012 1,367 1,075
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £402 £387 £363
90th Percentile £700 £660 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £497 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +4.53% +5.56% -5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 6 10
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £66.50 £63.35
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -47.37% +4.98% +21.82%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £66.50 £61.69
% change year-on-year -47.37% +7.80% +22.77%

Continuous Delivery is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80,502 89,695 81,430
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.90% 86.67% 85.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,992 59,180 53,286
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £443
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +1.69% +4.12%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,296 2,452 2,151
UK median hourly rate £24.84 £21.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.51% -14.00% +3.52%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.17 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.96 £20.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year +16.85% -18.00% -

Continuous Delivery
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Delivery as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery within the UK over the 6 months to 18 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -24 1,426 £525 - 391
London -16 830 £550 - 167
UK excluding London -13 698 £497 +4.53% 246
South East -14 207 £488 +2.63% 58
North of England -1 136 £500 +5.26% 62
Midlands +18 119 £475 -2.06% 54
Scotland +19 89 £488 +14.71% 7
West Midlands +5 83 £438 -15.66% 36
South West -36 69 £550 +29.41% 27
East of England +31 61 £456 -15.12% 23
Yorkshire +18 58 £450 -10.00% 16
North West -30 48 £530 +14.59% 44
East Midlands +31 36 £500 +33.33% 18
North East +22 30 £475 -4.90% 2
Wales -18 22 £538 +2.38% 13

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Delivery also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Delivery.

1 1,082 (69.99%) Agile Software Development
2 768 (49.68%) Continuous Integration
3 761 (49.22%) DevOps
4 530 (34.28%) Amazon AWS
5 513 (33.18%) TDD
6 512 (33.12%) Java
7 459 (29.69%) Jenkins
8 422 (27.30%) Microsoft Azure
9 411 (26.58%) Python
10 395 (25.55%) Test Automation
11 371 (24.00%) Scrum
12 364 (23.54%) Git (software)
13 351 (22.70%) Linux
14 344 (22.25%) Docker
15 335 (21.67%) JavaScript
16 302 (19.53%) Microservices
17 255 (16.49%) SQL
18 249 (16.11%) Kubernetes
19 240 (15.52%) Ansible
20 216 (13.97%) JIRA
21 211 (13.65%) C#
22 205 (13.26%) BDD
23 203 (13.13%) Finance
24 196 (12.68%) .NET
25 191 (12.35%) Terraform
26 184 (11.90%) Puppet
27 179 (11.58%) Open Source
28 175 (11.32%) Mentoring
29 167 (10.80%) Kanban
30 165 (10.67%) AngularJS

Continuous Delivery
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 161 (10.41%) Confluence
2 69 (4.46%) Apache
2 69 (4.46%) Elasticsearch
3 65 (4.20%) Apache Spark
4 41 (2.65%) Tomcat
5 32 (2.07%) Cloud Foundry
6 31 (2.01%) CMS
7 28 (1.81%) IIS
8 24 (1.55%) nginx
9 18 (1.16%) OpenStack
10 15 (0.97%) Apache Solr
10 15 (0.97%) WordPress
11 12 (0.78%) Jetty
11 12 (0.78%) Umbraco
12 9 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
12 9 (0.58%) Mule
12 9 (0.58%) SharePoint
12 9 (0.58%) WebSphere
13 8 (0.52%) JBoss
13 8 (0.52%) WebLogic
Applications
1 13 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.13%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.065%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.065%) InVision
4 1 (0.065%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.065%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.065%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.065%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 4 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
1 4 (0.26%) SAP FI-CA
1 4 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
1 4 (0.26%) SAP PSCD
2 3 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 2 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
3 2 (0.13%) HFM
3 2 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.065%) Magento
4 1 (0.065%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.065%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.065%) Oracle Retail
4 1 (0.065%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.065%) SAP MDG
4 1 (0.065%) SessionCam
Cloud Services
1 530 (34.28%) Amazon AWS
2 422 (27.30%) Microsoft Azure
3 157 (10.16%) Google Cloud Platform
4 133 (8.60%) PaaS
5 129 (8.34%) AWS CloudFormation
6 122 (7.89%) IaaS
7 107 (6.92%) Serverless
8 95 (6.14%) GitHub
9 81 (5.24%) Amazon S3
10 80 (5.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 63 (4.08%) Amazon EC2
12 57 (3.69%) AWS Lambda
13 54 (3.49%) OpenShift
13 54 (3.49%) SaaS
14 52 (3.36%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 47 (3.04%) Cloud Computing
16 44 (2.85%) Amazon Glacier
17 43 (2.78%) Amazon SQS
17 43 (2.78%) Power Platform
18 37 (2.39%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 50 (3.23%) Firewall
2 45 (2.91%) HTTP
3 30 (1.94%) TCP/IP
4 28 (1.81%) DNS
4 28 (1.81%) Internet
5 17 (1.10%) SSL
6 13 (0.84%) VPN
7 11 (0.71%) FTP
8 9 (0.58%) AMQP
8 9 (0.58%) Cisco Nexus
9 8 (0.52%) DHCP
9 8 (0.52%) Intrusion Detection
9 8 (0.52%) Kerberos
10 7 (0.45%) IPsec
10 7 (0.45%) SAN
10 7 (0.45%) SSH
11 6 (0.39%) Fibre Channel
11 6 (0.39%) iSCSI
11 6 (0.39%) WAN
11 6 (0.39%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 141 (9.12%) Big Data
2 120 (7.76%) SQL Server
3 93 (6.02%) Relational Database
4 76 (4.92%) MySQL
4 76 (4.92%) PostgreSQL
5 65 (4.20%) Data Warehouse
6 63 (4.08%) NoSQL
7 60 (3.88%) Hadoop
8 57 (3.69%) Amazon RDS
9 49 (3.17%) Redis
10 47 (3.04%) Apache Cassandra
11 45 (2.91%) Data Lake
12 43 (2.78%) MongoDB
13 42 (2.72%) Power BI
14 36 (2.33%) SQL Server 2017
15 32 (2.07%) BigQuery
15 32 (2.07%) SQL Server 2014
16 23 (1.49%) Cosmos DB
17 22 (1.42%) Apache Hive
18 20 (1.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 459 (29.69%) Jenkins
2 364 (23.54%) Git (software)
3 216 (13.97%) JIRA
4 140 (9.06%) Selenium
5 119 (7.70%) Maven
6 102 (6.60%) Visual Studio Team System
7 87 (5.63%) Cucumber
8 77 (4.98%) TeamCity
9 65 (4.20%) Sonatype Nexus
10 57 (3.69%) Visual Studio
11 53 (3.43%) Bitbucket
12 52 (3.36%) Team Foundation Server
13 46 (2.98%) Octopus Deploy
14 38 (2.46%) webpack
15 32 (2.07%) JUnit
16 31 (2.01%) JMeter
17 29 (1.88%) Subversion
18 28 (1.81%) WebDriver
19 27 (1.75%) Gradle
19 27 (1.75%) SpecFlow
General
1 203 (13.13%) Finance
2 80 (5.17%) Banking
3 59 (3.82%) Retail
4 37 (2.39%) Telecoms
5 36 (2.33%) Games
6 29 (1.88%) Marketing
7 19 (1.23%) Legal
8 18 (1.16%) Manufacturing
9 16 (1.03%) Advertising
10 13 (0.84%) Electronics
10 13 (0.84%) Pharmaceutical
11 12 (0.78%) Investment Banking
12 8 (0.52%) Front Office
13 7 (0.45%) Back Office
14 6 (0.39%) Financial Institution
14 6 (0.39%) Law
14 6 (0.39%) Retail Banking
15 5 (0.32%) Publishing
16 2 (0.13%) Billing
16 2 (0.13%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 527 (34.09%) Developer
2 284 (18.37%) DevOps Engineer
3 185 (11.97%) Java Developer
4 132 (8.54%) Architect
5 105 (6.79%) Senior Developer
6 84 (5.43%) Full Stack Developer
7 82 (5.30%) Cloud Engineer
8 67 (4.33%) .NET Developer
9 60 (3.88%) Python Developer
10 57 (3.69%) AWS Engineer
11 55 (3.56%) Azure Engineer
12 50 (3.23%) AWS DevOps
13 49 (3.17%) Data Engineer
14 48 (3.10%) React Developer
15 45 (2.91%) Azure DevOps
16 43 (2.78%) Tester
17 42 (2.72%) Lead DevOps
18 40 (2.59%) AWS DevOps Engineer
18 40 (2.59%) Java Developer - Fintech
19 36 (2.33%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 196 (12.68%) .NET
2 165 (10.67%) AngularJS
3 162 (10.48%) Node.js
4 156 (10.09%) HTML
5 144 (9.31%) REST
6 132 (8.54%) Spring
7 131 (8.47%) JSON
7 131 (8.47%) Web Services
8 126 (8.15%) RESTful
9 122 (7.89%) Kafka
9 122 (7.89%) React
10 121 (7.83%) CSS
11 75 (4.85%) jQuery
12 73 (4.72%) SOAP
12 73 (4.72%) XML
13 67 (4.33%) HTML5
14 65 (4.20%) ASP.NET
15 52 (3.36%) RabbitMQ
16 51 (3.30%) .NET Core
17 50 (3.23%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 97 (6.27%) Greenfield Project
2 71 (4.59%) User Experience
3 63 (4.08%) Analytical Skills
4 62 (4.01%) Public Cloud
5 35 (2.26%) Algorithms
6 32 (2.07%) Mobile App
7 29 (1.88%) Cloud Native
7 29 (1.88%) Data Structures
8 26 (1.68%) Self-Motivation
9 22 (1.42%) Linux Command Line
10 20 (1.29%) Enterprise Software
11 18 (1.16%) Management Information System
12 16 (1.03%) N-Tier
13 15 (0.97%) Enterprise Cloud
14 12 (0.78%) iPad
14 12 (0.78%) Private Cloud
15 11 (0.71%) Clustering
15 11 (0.71%) Data Protection Act
15 11 (0.71%) Derivative
16 10 (0.65%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 351 (22.70%) Linux
2 128 (8.28%) Windows
3 123 (7.96%) Unix
4 47 (3.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 37 (2.39%) Android
6 32 (2.07%) Windows Server
7 30 (1.94%) Apple iOS
8 24 (1.55%) Mac OS X
9 22 (1.42%) CentOS
10 13 (0.84%) VMS
11 11 (0.71%) Mac OS
12 10 (0.65%) Ubuntu
13 9 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
14 7 (0.45%) AIX
15 6 (0.39%) Debian
15 6 (0.39%) Mesosphere
16 5 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
17 2 (0.13%) Fedora
18 1 (0.065%) MVS
18 1 (0.065%) OpenVMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,082 (69.99%) Agile Software Development
2 768 (49.68%) Continuous Integration
3 761 (49.22%) DevOps
4 513 (33.18%) TDD
5 395 (25.55%) Test Automation
6 371 (24.00%) Scrum
7 302 (19.53%) Microservices
8 205 (13.26%) BDD
9 179 (11.58%) Open Source
10 175 (11.32%) Mentoring
11 167 (10.80%) Kanban
12 155 (10.03%) Software Engineering
13 152 (9.83%) Infrastructure as Code
14 147 (9.51%) Continuous Improvement
15 142 (9.18%) Configuration Management
16 140 (9.06%) Coaching
17 136 (8.80%) OO
18 135 (8.73%) Problem-Solving
19 133 (8.60%) Deployment Automation
20 108 (6.99%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 512 (33.12%) Java
2 411 (26.58%) Python
3 335 (21.67%) JavaScript
4 255 (16.49%) SQL
5 211 (13.65%) C#
6 146 (9.44%) PowerShell
7 140 (9.06%) Bash Shell
8 128 (8.28%) Ruby
9 114 (7.37%) Java 8
10 111 (7.18%) Scala
11 69 (4.46%) Perl
12 60 (3.88%) ES6
13 58 (3.75%) PHP
14 42 (2.72%) TypeScript
15 40 (2.59%) T-SQL
16 37 (2.39%) Go
17 36 (2.33%) Groovy
18 33 (2.13%) Shell Script
19 20 (1.29%) C++
19 20 (1.29%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 156 (10.09%) Security Cleared
2 117 (7.57%) SC Cleared
3 81 (5.24%) Degree
4 37 (2.39%) Computer Science Degree
5 31 (2.01%) AWS Certification
6 24 (1.55%) CTC Cleared
7 20 (1.29%) BPSS Clearance
8 17 (1.10%) DBS Check
9 15 (0.97%) ISTQB
10 14 (0.91%) ISEB
11 13 (0.84%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 13 (0.84%) ITIL Certification
12 12 (0.78%) DV Cleared
13 10 (0.65%) Master's Degree
14 9 (0.58%) CISSP
15 8 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
16 6 (0.39%) BC Cleared
16 6 (0.39%) CISM
16 6 (0.39%) MCSE
17 5 (0.32%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 132 (8.54%) QA
2 27 (1.75%) Data Quality
3 17 (1.10%) NIST
4 13 (0.84%) NCSC
4 13 (0.84%) WCAG
5 7 (0.45%) GDPR
6 6 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
6 6 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 6 (0.39%) SLA
7 5 (0.32%) PCI DSS
8 4 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.065%) GxP
10 1 (0.065%) PSD2
System Software
1 344 (22.25%) Docker
2 46 (2.98%) Active Directory
3 30 (1.94%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (1.23%) Virtual Machines
5 18 (1.16%) HDFS
6 12 (0.78%) Hyper-V
7 11 (0.71%) vCloud
7 11 (0.71%) vSphere
8 8 (0.52%) Apache Flume
8 8 (0.52%) XenApp
9 6 (0.39%) VirtualBox
10 5 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.32%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 5 (0.32%) Slurm Workload Manager
10 5 (0.32%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.26%) Samba
11 4 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
11 4 (0.26%) Xen
12 2 (0.13%) KVM
12 2 (0.13%) LXC
Systems Management
1 249 (16.11%) Kubernetes
2 240 (15.52%) Ansible
3 191 (12.35%) Terraform
4 184 (11.90%) Puppet
5 154 (9.96%) Opscode Chef
6 20 (1.29%) Salt
7 18 (1.16%) Docker Swarm
8 17 (1.10%) Grafana
9 16 (1.03%) Nagios
9 16 (1.03%) Prometheus
10 15 (0.97%) Kibana
10 15 (0.97%) SCOM
11 12 (0.78%) Graphite
11 12 (0.78%) Hadoop YARN
11 12 (0.78%) logstash
11 12 (0.78%) Single Sign-On
12 11 (0.71%) Nessus
12 11 (0.71%) Suricata
13 10 (0.65%) Microsoft Clustering
14 9 (0.58%) Nmap
Vendors
1 159 (10.28%) Microsoft
2 117 (7.57%) Google
3 91 (5.89%) Oracle
4 78 (5.05%) Atlassian
5 77 (4.98%) Red Hat
6 60 (3.88%) Splunk
7 42 (2.72%) VMware
8 28 (1.81%) New Relic
8 28 (1.81%) SAP
9 26 (1.68%) Databricks
9 26 (1.68%) Tableau
10 20 (1.29%) HP
11 18 (1.16%) ServiceNow
12 17 (1.10%) AppDynamics
12 17 (1.10%) Pega
12 17 (1.10%) Salesforce.com
13 16 (1.03%) Hortonworks
13 16 (1.03%) IBM
14 15 (0.97%) EMC
15 14 (0.91%) BMC