Period
to 17 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Delivery skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 17 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Delivery
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 172 149 163
Rank change year-on-year -23 +14 +11
Contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery 1,333 1,931 1,632
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.57% 1.87% 1.64%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.81% 2.16% 1.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 877 1,327 1,168
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £413 £375 £375
90th Percentile £725 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 4 7
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £65.84 £55.60
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -46.84% +18.41% -6.26%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.00 £55.60
% change year-on-year -16.67% -24.46% -6.26%

Continuous Delivery is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 73,535 89,538 85,627
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.42% 86.78% 86.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,274 59,055 56,652
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £278
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,262 2,433 2,077
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £20.50 £24.87
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.07% -17.57% +10.53%
10th Percentile £11.81 £11.18 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.21 £20.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +16.04% -20.00% +6.38%

Continuous Delivery
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Delivery as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 17 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -31 1,209 £540 +2.86% 320
London -30 692 £563 +2.27% 156
UK excluding London -6 617 £500 +5.26% 206
South East -11 209 £475 +5.56% 32
Midlands +44 103 £500 +5.26% 40
North of England -28 86 £500 - 53
Scotland -7 82 £514 +8.16% 28
West Midlands +28 76 £475 -5.00% 27
South West -10 58 £525 +21.39% 9
East of England +38 56 £450 -20.00% 30
Yorkshire +29 41 £459 -3.42% 22
North West -15 35 £525 +11.11% 21
East Midlands +39 27 £500 +31.58% 12
Wales +15 23 £478 +12.35% 9
North East -10 10 £505 -3.81% 10

For the 6 months to 17 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Delivery also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Delivery.

1 948 (71.12%) Agile Software Development
2 625 (46.89%) Continuous Integration
3 603 (45.24%) DevOps
4 440 (33.01%) TDD
5 422 (31.66%) Java
6 406 (30.46%) AWS
7 381 (28.58%) Azure
8 362 (27.16%) Python
9 334 (25.06%) Scrum
10 331 (24.83%) Jenkins
11 327 (24.53%) Test Automation
12 313 (23.48%) Docker
13 310 (23.26%) JavaScript
14 268 (20.11%) Git (software)
15 263 (19.73%) Microservices
16 252 (18.90%) Linux
17 209 (15.68%) Kubernetes
18 179 (13.43%) Kanban
19 175 (13.13%) SQL
20 174 (13.05%) JIRA
21 171 (12.83%) BDD
22 168 (12.60%) C#
23 166 (12.45%) Terraform
24 165 (12.38%) Finance
25 162 (12.15%) Ansible
26 161 (12.08%) AngularJS
26 161 (12.08%) Open Source
27 153 (11.48%) GCP
28 148 (11.10%) Mentoring
29 147 (11.03%) React

Continuous Delivery
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 113 (8.48%) Confluence
2 56 (4.20%) Apache Spark
3 51 (3.83%) Apache
4 37 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
5 32 (2.40%) Tomcat
6 25 (1.88%) IIS
7 22 (1.65%) nginx
8 18 (1.35%) JBoss
9 16 (1.20%) CMS
10 15 (1.13%) WordPress
11 14 (1.05%) Apache Airflow
12 13 (0.98%) Umbraco
13 12 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
13 12 (0.90%) Jetty
14 9 (0.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 9 (0.68%) WebLogic
15 8 (0.60%) Apache Pig
16 6 (0.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 6 (0.45%) Apache Solr
16 6 (0.45%) Oracle Self-Service HR
Applications
1 6 (0.45%) InVision
1 6 (0.45%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.38%) Figma
2 5 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.23%) Sketch
4 2 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.075%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.075%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.075%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 8 (0.60%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 7 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.53%) SAP MDG
3 4 (0.30%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 4 (0.30%) SAP MDM
3 4 (0.30%) SAP S/4HANA
3 4 (0.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 3 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.23%) Temenos T24
5 2 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.15%) HFM
5 2 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.15%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.075%) Magento
6 1 (0.075%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.075%) SessionCam
Cloud Services
1 406 (30.46%) AWS
2 381 (28.58%) Azure
3 153 (11.48%) GCP
4 91 (6.83%) PaaS
5 87 (6.53%) GitHub
6 75 (5.63%) Serverless
7 62 (4.65%) IaaS
8 58 (4.35%) AWS CloudFormation
9 54 (4.05%) Power Platform
10 51 (3.83%) Amazon S3
11 49 (3.68%) OpenShift
12 48 (3.60%) AWS Lambda
13 40 (3.00%) Cloud Computing
14 35 (2.63%) Amazon EC2
14 35 (2.63%) Azure Data Factory
15 34 (2.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 33 (2.48%) SaaS
17 31 (2.33%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 25 (1.88%) Amazon SQS
19 24 (1.80%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 37 (2.78%) HTTP
2 34 (2.55%) VPN
3 28 (2.10%) Firewall
4 25 (1.88%) DNS
4 25 (1.88%) Internet
5 22 (1.65%) TCP/IP
6 16 (1.20%) SSL
7 9 (0.68%) Intrusion Detection
7 9 (0.68%) SSH
7 9 (0.68%) Unified Communications
8 7 (0.53%) Network Security
8 7 (0.53%) WAN
9 6 (0.45%) Broadband
9 6 (0.45%) FTP
9 6 (0.45%) Wireshark
10 5 (0.38%) Cisco Nexus
10 5 (0.38%) VoIP
11 4 (0.30%) CTI
11 4 (0.30%) DHCP
11 4 (0.30%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 105 (7.88%) Big Data
2 94 (7.05%) SQL Server
3 83 (6.23%) MySQL
4 82 (6.15%) Relational Database
5 67 (5.03%) PostgreSQL
6 60 (4.50%) Data Warehouse
6 60 (4.50%) NoSQL
7 53 (3.98%) Power BI
8 49 (3.68%) Data Lake
9 45 (3.38%) BigQuery
10 39 (2.93%) Redis
11 36 (2.70%) Apache Cassandra
12 34 (2.55%) MongoDB
12 34 (2.55%) SQL Server 2017
13 33 (2.48%) Hadoop
14 32 (2.40%) SQL Server 2014
15 30 (2.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 26 (1.95%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 25 (1.88%) Amazon RDS
18 22 (1.65%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 331 (24.83%) Jenkins
2 268 (20.11%) Git (software)
3 174 (13.05%) JIRA
4 119 (8.93%) Selenium
5 68 (5.10%) Maven
6 67 (5.03%) TeamCity
7 66 (4.95%) Cucumber
7 66 (4.95%) Visual Studio Team System
8 55 (4.13%) webpack
9 52 (3.90%) Sonatype Nexus
10 45 (3.38%) gulp
11 37 (2.78%) Babel
12 36 (2.70%) JUnit
12 36 (2.70%) Octopus Deploy
13 35 (2.63%) WebDriver
14 34 (2.55%) Visual Studio
15 32 (2.40%) Gradle
16 31 (2.33%) Team Foundation Server
17 29 (2.18%) IntelliJ
18 28 (2.10%) JMeter
General
1 165 (12.38%) Finance
2 116 (8.70%) Public Sector
3 67 (5.03%) Banking
4 41 (3.08%) Retail
5 33 (2.48%) Telecoms
6 25 (1.88%) Games
6 25 (1.88%) Marketing
7 20 (1.50%) Legal
8 19 (1.43%) Manufacturing
9 11 (0.83%) Front Office
10 10 (0.75%) Investment Banking
11 9 (0.68%) Advertising
12 8 (0.60%) Law
12 8 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
13 6 (0.45%) Billing
13 6 (0.45%) Electronics
14 4 (0.30%) Financial Institution
14 4 (0.30%) Retail Banking
15 3 (0.23%) Local Government
15 3 (0.23%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 441 (33.08%) Developer
2 204 (15.30%) DevOps Engineer
3 150 (11.25%) Java Developer
4 119 (8.93%) Architect
5 94 (7.05%) Senior Developer
6 83 (6.23%) Full Stack Developer
7 70 (5.25%) Cloud Engineer
8 54 (4.05%) React Developer
9 49 (3.68%) Analyst
10 46 (3.45%) AWS Engineer
11 43 (3.23%) C# Developer
11 43 (3.23%) Data Engineer
12 42 (3.15%) Azure Engineer
13 41 (3.08%) AWS DevOps
14 40 (3.00%) Azure DevOps
14 40 (3.00%) Java Developer - Fintech
15 39 (2.93%) Software Engineer
16 38 (2.85%) .NET Developer
17 36 (2.70%) Lead DevOps
18 34 (2.55%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 161 (12.08%) AngularJS
2 147 (11.03%) HTML
2 147 (11.03%) React
3 141 (10.58%) Node.js
4 130 (9.75%) Web Services
5 129 (9.68%) .NET
6 128 (9.60%) Spring
7 118 (8.85%) CSS
8 117 (8.78%) RESTful
9 105 (7.88%) JSON
10 94 (7.05%) REST
11 86 (6.45%) Kafka
12 69 (5.18%) jQuery
13 61 (4.58%) HTML5
14 55 (4.13%) Spring Boot
15 52 (3.90%) XML
16 47 (3.53%) .NET Core
17 40 (3.00%) ASP.NET
18 38 (2.85%) RabbitMQ
19 35 (2.63%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 88 (6.60%) Greenfield Project
2 63 (4.73%) User Experience
3 43 (3.23%) Analytical Skills
4 33 (2.48%) Public Cloud
5 25 (1.88%) Cloud Native
5 25 (1.88%) Enterprise Cloud
6 21 (1.58%) Mobile App
7 20 (1.50%) Linux Command Line
8 17 (1.28%) Cyberthreat
9 15 (1.13%) Derivative
9 15 (1.13%) Management Information System
10 13 (0.98%) Enterprise Software
11 12 (0.90%) Data Centre
11 12 (0.90%) Self-Motivation
12 11 (0.83%) Data Structures
13 10 (0.75%) Algorithms
13 10 (0.75%) N-Tier
13 10 (0.75%) Replication
14 9 (0.68%) Hybrid Cloud
15 7 (0.53%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 252 (18.90%) Linux
2 113 (8.48%) Windows
3 70 (5.25%) Unix
4 59 (4.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 27 (2.03%) Apple iOS
6 26 (1.95%) Windows Server
7 22 (1.65%) Android
8 20 (1.50%) Mac OS X
9 17 (1.28%) CentOS
10 14 (1.05%) Mac OS
11 13 (0.98%) Ubuntu
12 8 (0.60%) Debian
12 8 (0.60%) Windows Server 2012
13 7 (0.53%) VMS
14 5 (0.38%) Mesosphere
15 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.15%) Fedora
17 1 (0.075%) HPUX
17 1 (0.075%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 948 (71.12%) Agile Software Development
2 625 (46.89%) Continuous Integration
3 603 (45.24%) DevOps
4 440 (33.01%) TDD
5 334 (25.06%) Scrum
6 327 (24.53%) Test Automation
7 263 (19.73%) Microservices
8 179 (13.43%) Kanban
9 171 (12.83%) BDD
10 161 (12.08%) Open Source
11 148 (11.10%) Mentoring
12 134 (10.05%) Software Engineering
13 132 (9.90%) Problem-Solving
14 120 (9.00%) Infrastructure as Code
15 115 (8.63%) Continuous Improvement
15 115 (8.63%) User Stories
16 114 (8.55%) OO
17 107 (8.03%) Configuration Management
18 99 (7.43%) Deployment Automation
19 83 (6.23%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 422 (31.66%) Java
2 362 (27.16%) Python
3 310 (23.26%) JavaScript
4 175 (13.13%) SQL
5 168 (12.60%) C#
6 144 (10.80%) Ruby
7 122 (9.15%) Scala
8 106 (7.95%) Bash Shell
9 105 (7.88%) PowerShell
10 104 (7.80%) Java 8
11 78 (5.85%) Perl
12 58 (4.35%) ES6
13 46 (3.45%) Go
14 41 (3.08%) Groovy
14 41 (3.08%) TypeScript
15 38 (2.85%) PHP
16 29 (2.18%) Shell Script
17 24 (1.80%) T-SQL
18 18 (1.35%) PL/SQL
19 15 (1.13%) C++
Qualifications
1 122 (9.15%) Security Cleared
2 74 (5.55%) Degree
3 70 (5.25%) SC Cleared
4 32 (2.40%) AWS Certification
4 32 (2.40%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (1.28%) BPSS Clearance
6 16 (1.20%) RHCE
7 15 (1.13%) DBS Check
8 13 (0.98%) CISSP
9 12 (0.90%) CISA
9 12 (0.90%) CISM
9 12 (0.90%) CISMP
9 12 (0.90%) CTC Cleared
9 12 (0.90%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
9 12 (0.90%) ISSMP
10 11 (0.83%) ISTQB
10 11 (0.83%) Master's Degree
11 9 (0.68%) DV Cleared
11 9 (0.68%) ISEB
12 5 (0.38%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 99 (7.43%) QA
2 25 (1.88%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 24 (1.80%) NIST
4 22 (1.65%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 22 (1.65%) PCI DSS
5 7 (0.53%) SLA
6 6 (0.45%) GDPR
7 4 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.15%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.15%) NCSC
8 2 (0.15%) PMO
8 2 (0.15%) WCAG
9 1 (0.075%) GxP
9 1 (0.075%) PSD2
System Software
1 313 (23.48%) Docker
2 32 (2.40%) Active Directory
3 26 (1.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 22 (1.65%) Virtual Machines
5 9 (0.68%) vSphere
6 6 (0.45%) HDFS
7 5 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.30%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.30%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.30%) Samba
8 4 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.23%) VMware NSX
9 3 (0.23%) XenApp
10 2 (0.15%) NFS
10 2 (0.15%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.075%) iptables
11 1 (0.075%) KVM
11 1 (0.075%) Xen
Systems Management
1 209 (15.68%) Kubernetes
2 166 (12.45%) Terraform
3 162 (12.15%) Ansible
4 110 (8.25%) Puppet
5 102 (7.65%) Opscode Chef
6 33 (2.48%) Suricata
7 23 (1.73%) Salt
8 14 (1.05%) Prometheus
9 13 (0.98%) Grafana
9 13 (0.98%) Graphite
10 12 (0.90%) Kibana
11 11 (0.83%) Hadoop YARN
12 9 (0.68%) Nagios
12 9 (0.68%) Nessus
13 8 (0.60%) logstash
13 8 (0.60%) Red Hat Satellite
14 7 (0.53%) Consul
15 6 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
15 6 (0.45%) SCCM
15 6 (0.45%) SCOM
Vendors
1 128 (9.60%) Microsoft
2 114 (8.55%) Google
3 76 (5.70%) Red Hat
4 69 (5.18%) Oracle
5 67 (5.03%) Splunk
6 54 (4.05%) Atlassian
7 38 (2.85%) Databricks
8 35 (2.63%) Qualys
8 35 (2.63%) VMware
9 32 (2.40%) Tableau
10 23 (1.73%) ServiceNow
11 20 (1.50%) SAP
12 19 (1.43%) New Relic
12 19 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
13 18 (1.35%) AppDynamics
14 16 (1.20%) HP
15 14 (1.05%) Adobe
15 14 (1.05%) Cisco
16 12 (0.90%) Cloudera
17 11 (0.83%) IBM