Period
to 16 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Delivery skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 16 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Delivery
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 145 154 174
Rank change year-on-year +9 +20 +133
Contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery 1,973 1,781 1,717
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.90% 1.73% 1.62%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.20% 2.02% 1.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,349 1,313 1,138
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £480
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £375 £381 £358
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £484 £450
% change year-on-year -1.81% +7.50% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 10 9
UK median hourly rate £65.84 £49.50 £59.31
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.00% -16.54% -8.75%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £49.50 £59.31
% change year-on-year -15.15% -16.54% -8.75%

Continuous Delivery is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 89,743 88,240 90,478
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.35% 85.75% 85.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 59,341 58,663 59,661
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £277 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,330 2,123 2,493
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.38% +4.44% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.75 £49.75 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.20 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -11.67% +6.67% -

Continuous Delivery
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Delivery as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Delivery in the UK

Continuous Delivery
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Delivery within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 1,797 £525 +4.06% 497
London +19 1,114 £550 +4.76% 257
UK excluding London -3 839 £475 -1.81% 281
South East -3 278 £471 +1.89% 58
North of England -24 168 £500 - 75
Scotland +29 123 £475 - 15
Midlands -3 110 £485 -0.51% 31
West Midlands +3 84 £500 - 27
North West -20 78 £458 -12.86% 32
South West -29 72 £463 +10.12% 36
East of England -17 53 £563 +25.00% 40
North East +10 46 £525 -4.55% 23
Yorkshire -35 45 £475 -9.52% 20
Wales -1 29 £425 -5.56% 17
East Midlands -5 26 £390 -9.04% 4
Northern Ireland +30 6 £525 +6.60% 9

For the 6 months to 16 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Delivery also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Delivery.

1 1,348 (68.32%) Agile Software Development
2 1,000 (50.68%) Continuous Integration
3 887 (44.96%) DevOps
4 743 (37.66%) Java
5 687 (34.82%) Jenkins
6 681 (34.52%) Amazon AWS
7 600 (30.41%) TDD
8 554 (28.08%) Test Automation
9 536 (27.17%) Scrum
10 534 (27.07%) Linux
11 495 (25.09%) Docker
12 476 (24.13%) Git (software)
13 453 (22.96%) JavaScript
14 412 (20.88%) Python
14 412 (20.88%) Microservices
15 407 (20.63%) Ansible
16 381 (19.31%) BDD
17 378 (19.16%) Kubernetes
18 368 (18.65%) Microsoft Azure
19 342 (17.33%) Puppet
20 335 (16.98%) Finance
21 314 (15.91%) Kanban
22 307 (15.56%) Terraform
23 266 (13.48%) Open Source
24 265 (13.43%) SQL
25 260 (13.18%) REST
26 258 (13.08%) JIRA
27 247 (12.52%) Selenium
28 246 (12.47%) .NET
29 232 (11.76%) C#

Continuous Delivery
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 181 (9.17%) Confluence
2 131 (6.64%) Elasticsearch
3 94 (4.76%) Apache
4 76 (3.85%) Apache Spark
5 60 (3.04%) Tomcat
6 41 (2.08%) OpenStack
7 35 (1.77%) IIS
8 33 (1.67%) nginx
9 28 (1.42%) Jetty
10 23 (1.17%) JBoss
11 22 (1.12%) WebSphere
12 21 (1.06%) Cloud Foundry
12 21 (1.06%) CMS
13 18 (0.91%) Documentum
14 17 (0.86%) Gunicorn
15 16 (0.81%) Apache Solr
16 14 (0.71%) GlassFish
17 13 (0.66%) Mongrel
18 10 (0.51%) Mule
19 9 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 20 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.51%) Fireworks
2 10 (0.51%) Photoshop
3 7 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.20%) HipChat
5 3 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.15%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.10%) SPSS
7 1 (0.051%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.051%) Shockwave
Business Applications
1 5 (0.25%) Oracle Cash Management
1 5 (0.25%) SAP FI-CA
1 5 (0.25%) SAP PSCD
2 4 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 3 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
3 3 (0.15%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 3 (0.15%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.10%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.051%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.051%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.051%) RMDS
5 1 (0.051%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 681 (34.52%) Amazon AWS
2 368 (18.65%) Microsoft Azure
3 129 (6.54%) PaaS
4 108 (5.47%) Google Cloud Platform
5 106 (5.37%) IaaS
6 89 (4.51%) GitHub
7 83 (4.21%) Cloud Computing
7 83 (4.21%) OpenShift
8 80 (4.05%) AWS CloudFormation
9 76 (3.85%) SaaS
10 58 (2.94%) Serverless
11 42 (2.13%) Amazon EC2
12 38 (1.93%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 34 (1.72%) Datadog
14 31 (1.57%) npm
15 30 (1.52%) Amazon S3
16 25 (1.27%) Heroku
17 21 (1.06%) Amazon Glacier
17 21 (1.06%) AWS Lambda
17 21 (1.06%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 112 (5.68%) HTTP
2 90 (4.56%) Firewall
3 44 (2.23%) DNS
4 27 (1.37%) VPN
5 26 (1.32%) SSL
6 25 (1.27%) Internet
6 25 (1.27%) TCP/IP
7 18 (0.91%) SAN
8 17 (0.86%) Kerberos
9 12 (0.61%) LAN
9 12 (0.61%) Reverse Proxy
10 11 (0.56%) OpenLDAP
10 11 (0.56%) SSH
11 9 (0.46%) NAS
11 9 (0.46%) OpenVPN
12 8 (0.41%) Software-Defined Networking
13 7 (0.35%) DHCP
13 7 (0.35%) Network Security
14 6 (0.30%) Fibre Channel
14 6 (0.30%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 185 (9.38%) PostgreSQL
2 153 (7.75%) NoSQL
3 148 (7.50%) MongoDB
4 123 (6.23%) SQL Server
5 109 (5.52%) Relational Database
6 84 (4.26%) MySQL
7 82 (4.16%) Big Data
8 77 (3.90%) Hadoop
9 68 (3.45%) Apache Cassandra
10 51 (2.58%) Redis
11 43 (2.18%) Apache Hive
12 42 (2.13%) RDBMS
13 39 (1.98%) Amazon RDS
14 29 (1.47%) Data Lake
14 29 (1.47%) HBase
15 25 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
16 20 (1.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 18 (0.91%) NuoDB
18 16 (0.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 16 (0.81%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 687 (34.82%) Jenkins
2 476 (24.13%) Git (software)
3 258 (13.08%) JIRA
4 247 (12.52%) Selenium
5 181 (9.17%) Maven
6 162 (8.21%) Cucumber
7 130 (6.59%) TeamCity
8 97 (4.92%) Subversion
9 86 (4.36%) Sonatype Nexus
10 70 (3.55%) JUnit
11 69 (3.50%) Visual Studio Team System
12 68 (3.45%) Team Foundation Server
13 63 (3.19%) Octopus Deploy
14 58 (2.94%) WebDriver
15 57 (2.89%) Artifactory
15 57 (2.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 55 (2.79%) Bitbucket
16 55 (2.79%) SoapUI
17 53 (2.69%) Gradle
18 49 (2.48%) Ant
General
1 335 (16.98%) Finance
2 185 (9.38%) Banking
3 75 (3.80%) Retail
4 39 (1.98%) Marketing
5 36 (1.82%) Telecoms
6 34 (1.72%) Investment Banking
7 33 (1.67%) Front Office
8 30 (1.52%) Financial Institution
9 21 (1.06%) Advertising
10 20 (1.01%) Games
10 20 (1.01%) Manufacturing
11 17 (0.86%) Electronics
12 15 (0.76%) Law
13 10 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
13 10 (0.51%) Publishing
14 9 (0.46%) Back Office
14 9 (0.46%) Billing
14 9 (0.46%) Legal
15 7 (0.35%) Online Betting
16 4 (0.20%) French Language
Job Titles
1 669 (33.91%) Developer
2 406 (20.58%) DevOps Engineer
3 212 (10.75%) Java Developer
4 123 (6.23%) Architect
5 112 (5.68%) Senior Developer
6 107 (5.42%) AWS Engineer
7 97 (4.92%) .NET Developer
8 96 (4.87%) AWS DevOps
9 93 (4.71%) Cloud Engineer
10 90 (4.56%) React Developer
11 87 (4.41%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 84 (4.26%) Full Stack Developer
12 84 (4.26%) Tester
13 82 (4.16%) C# Developer
14 77 (3.90%) Analyst
15 76 (3.85%) Software Engineer
16 64 (3.24%) Java Engineer
16 64 (3.24%) JavaScript Developer
17 63 (3.19%) Node.js Developer
18 58 (2.94%) Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 260 (13.18%) REST
2 246 (12.47%) .NET
3 227 (11.51%) RESTful
4 209 (10.59%) HTML
4 209 (10.59%) Spring
5 201 (10.19%) Node.js
6 199 (10.09%) Web Services
7 182 (9.22%) CSS
8 167 (8.46%) AngularJS
9 153 (7.75%) React
10 141 (7.15%) JSON
11 135 (6.84%) Spring Boot
12 107 (5.42%) XML
13 105 (5.32%) Kafka
14 94 (4.76%) SOAP
15 87 (4.41%) Elastic Stack
16 78 (3.95%) HTML5
17 70 (3.55%) RabbitMQ
18 67 (3.40%) jQuery
19 60 (3.04%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 134 (6.79%) Greenfield Project
2 105 (5.32%) Analytical Skills
3 94 (4.76%) User Experience
4 70 (3.55%) Computer Science
5 64 (3.24%) Cloud Native
6 57 (2.89%) Fintech
7 53 (2.69%) Mobile App
8 42 (2.13%) Self-Motivation
9 41 (2.08%) Enterprise Software
10 38 (1.93%) Public Cloud
11 34 (1.72%) Data Centre
12 32 (1.62%) Linux Command Line
13 27 (1.37%) Enterprise Cloud
14 26 (1.32%) Private Cloud
15 24 (1.22%) Virtual Team
16 22 (1.12%) Fixed Income
17 21 (1.06%) Management Information System
18 19 (0.96%) iPad
19 17 (0.86%) Cyberthreat
20 16 (0.81%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 534 (27.07%) Linux
2 196 (9.93%) Unix
3 193 (9.78%) Windows
4 125 (6.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 64 (3.24%) CentOS
6 46 (2.33%) Windows Server
7 42 (2.13%) Android
8 40 (2.03%) Ubuntu
9 36 (1.82%) Apple iOS
10 14 (0.71%) Debian
11 13 (0.66%) Fedora
12 9 (0.46%) Mac OS X
13 8 (0.41%) Oracle Linux
14 6 (0.30%) Solaris
15 5 (0.25%) DC/OS
15 5 (0.25%) Mac OS
15 5 (0.25%) Mesosphere
16 4 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
17 2 (0.10%) AIX
17 2 (0.10%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,348 (68.32%) Agile Software Development
2 1,000 (50.68%) Continuous Integration
3 887 (44.96%) DevOps
4 600 (30.41%) TDD
5 554 (28.08%) Test Automation
6 536 (27.17%) Scrum
7 412 (20.88%) Microservices
8 381 (19.31%) BDD
9 314 (15.91%) Kanban
10 266 (13.48%) Open Source
11 232 (11.76%) Software Engineering
12 226 (11.45%) Configuration Management
13 208 (10.54%) Problem-Solving
14 166 (8.41%) Continuous Improvement
15 154 (7.81%) Deployment Automation
16 149 (7.55%) Mentoring
17 140 (7.10%) E-Commerce
18 139 (7.05%) SDLC
18 139 (7.05%) User Stories
19 137 (6.94%) OO
Programming Languages
1 743 (37.66%) Java
2 453 (22.96%) JavaScript
3 412 (20.88%) Python
4 265 (13.43%) SQL
5 232 (11.76%) C#
6 180 (9.12%) Ruby
7 172 (8.72%) Scala
8 159 (8.06%) Bash Shell
9 131 (6.64%) Java 8
10 111 (5.63%) PowerShell
11 98 (4.97%) Groovy
12 92 (4.66%) Perl
13 75 (3.80%) ES6
14 70 (3.55%) Go
15 46 (2.33%) TypeScript
16 45 (2.28%) Shell Script
17 30 (1.52%) C++
18 25 (1.27%) PL/SQL
19 24 (1.22%) Kotlin
20 18 (0.91%) PHP
Qualifications
1 171 (8.67%) Security Cleared
2 116 (5.88%) SC Cleared
3 90 (4.56%) Degree
4 45 (2.28%) Computer Science Degree
5 36 (1.82%) ISTQB
6 26 (1.32%) DV Cleared
7 25 (1.27%) ISEB
8 24 (1.22%) AWS Certification
9 17 (0.86%) BPSS Clearance
9 17 (0.86%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 12 (0.61%) CISSP
11 11 (0.56%) CISA
12 10 (0.51%) CISM
12 10 (0.51%) Master's Degree
13 8 (0.41%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 8 (0.41%) OCP
13 8 (0.41%) Oracle Certification
14 7 (0.35%) CSSLP
14 7 (0.35%) DBS Check
15 5 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 179 (9.07%) QA
2 16 (0.81%) Disclosure Scotland
3 15 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 15 (0.76%) PCI DSS
4 10 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 7 (0.35%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.35%) GDPR
5 7 (0.35%) PSD2
6 4 (0.20%) WCAG
7 3 (0.15%) SLA
8 1 (0.051%) COBIT
8 1 (0.051%) PMO
System Software
1 495 (25.09%) Docker
2 63 (3.19%) VMware Infrastructure
3 36 (1.82%) Virtual Machines
4 35 (1.77%) Active Directory
5 20 (1.01%) Hyper-V
6 16 (0.81%) HDFS
6 16 (0.81%) VirtualBox
7 15 (0.76%) Postfix
8 13 (0.66%) Apache Flume
8 13 (0.66%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 12 (0.61%) vCloud
10 9 (0.46%) Squid
10 9 (0.46%) vSphere
11 8 (0.41%) Oracle RAC
12 7 (0.35%) NFS
13 6 (0.30%) Virtual Servers
14 5 (0.25%) VMware NSX
14 5 (0.25%) Xen
15 3 (0.15%) SRDF
15 3 (0.15%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 407 (20.63%) Ansible
2 378 (19.16%) Kubernetes
3 342 (17.33%) Puppet
4 307 (15.56%) Terraform
5 189 (9.58%) Opscode Chef
6 53 (2.69%) Kibana
7 46 (2.33%) Nagios
8 45 (2.28%) logstash
9 42 (2.13%) Prometheus
10 39 (1.98%) Salt
11 38 (1.93%) Packer
12 37 (1.88%) Grafana
13 25 (1.27%) Mesos
14 24 (1.22%) ZABBIX
15 20 (1.01%) Docker Swarm
16 18 (0.91%) Consul
17 16 (0.81%) ITRS Geneos
18 15 (0.76%) Oozie
18 15 (0.76%) Suricata
19 14 (0.71%) Graphite
Vendors
1 178 (9.02%) Microsoft
2 136 (6.89%) Oracle
3 113 (5.73%) Google
4 104 (5.27%) Red Hat
5 98 (4.97%) Atlassian
6 89 (4.51%) VMware
7 87 (4.41%) Splunk
8 54 (2.74%) AppDynamics
9 52 (2.64%) New Relic
10 36 (1.82%) SAP
11 33 (1.67%) IBM
12 25 (1.27%) Cisco
13 21 (1.06%) Pega
13 21 (1.06%) Salesforce.com
14 20 (1.01%) hybris
15 19 (0.96%) Adobe
16 18 (0.91%) Tableau
17 17 (0.86%) Cloudera
17 17 (0.86%) Dynatrace
17 17 (0.86%) Qualys