Period
to 12 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Development over the 6 months to 12 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Development
UK
6 months to
12 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 208 151 131
Rank change year-on-year -57 -20 -24
Contract jobs citing Web Development 760 758 1,826
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.24% 1.73% 2.02%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.41% 2.02% 2.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 535 507 1,358
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
25th Percentile £363 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year -5.26% +2.70% +5.71%
75th Percentile £553 £575 £550
90th Percentile £650 £650 £619
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £450 £408
% change year-on-year -11.11% +10.43% +1.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 14 29
10th Percentile £16.93 £18.03 £13.50
25th Percentile £20.38 £19.94 £21.86
Median hourly rate £25.25 £24.15 £34.00
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% -28.97% +41.14%
75th Percentile £35.25 £33.49 £55.00
90th Percentile £42.30 £46.73 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £23.40 £36.25
% change year-on-year +6.84% -35.45% +14.17%

Web Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 53,850 37,609 79,138
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 87.83% 85.86% 87.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 36,767 25,102 52,923
10th Percentile £313 £300 £303
25th Percentile £400 £388 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,517 1,091 2,043
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.50 £11.80
25th Percentile £15.17 £16.13 £14.28
Median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% - +12.50%
75th Percentile £47.50 £46.00 £44.50
90th Percentile £60.00 £55.00 £51.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.22 £20.50 £22.75
% change year-on-year +8.39% -9.89% +19.74%

Web Development
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Development.

Daily rate trend for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Development over the 6 months to 12 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Development.

Hourly rate trend for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Development over the 6 months to 12 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Development within the UK over the 6 months to 12 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -57 592 £475 -4.04% 793
London -47 361 £500 - 208
UK excluding London -61 258 £400 -11.11% 621
Work from Home -85 249 £450 +12.50% 193
North of England +13 82 £375 -26.47% 185
Scotland -31 59 £400 - 21
South East -39 58 £400 -11.11% 145
North West +4 42 £388 -3.13% 90
Yorkshire +5 34 £363 -30.95% 65
South West -25 18 £463 -20.26% 57
Midlands -29 18 £356 -12.04% 138
Wales +13 10 £419 -20.24% 15
East of England -12 10 £325 -20.73% 58
East Midlands +4 9 £300 -14.29% 53
West Midlands -27 9 £365 -10.98% 85
North East +14 6 £513 +13.89% 30
Northern Ireland +2 3 £300 - 2

For the 6 months to 12 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Development.

1 458 (60.26%) JavaScript
2 364 (47.89%) HTML
3 314 (41.32%) Agile Software Development
4 309 (40.66%) CSS
5 217 (28.55%) AngularJS
6 208 (27.37%) Azure
7 185 (24.34%) Git (software)
7 185 (24.34%) DevOps
8 184 (24.21%) .NET
9 182 (23.95%) HTML5
10 175 (23.03%) React
11 162 (21.32%) TDD
12 157 (20.66%) Microservices
13 155 (20.39%) C#
14 144 (18.95%) Java
15 141 (18.55%) Node.js
16 139 (18.29%) SQL
16 139 (18.29%) AWS
17 130 (17.11%) Docker
18 123 (16.18%) TypeScript
19 120 (15.79%) REST
20 118 (15.53%) Web Services
21 116 (15.26%) MVC
22 115 (15.13%) Social Skills
23 113 (14.87%) Jenkins
24 112 (14.74%) Continuous Integration
25 108 (14.21%) Test Automation
26 104 (13.68%) User Experience
27 99 (13.03%) Front End Development
28 96 (12.63%) CSS3

Web Development
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (7.63%) CMS
2 31 (4.08%) Confluence
3 30 (3.95%) WordPress
4 24 (3.16%) Apache
5 20 (2.63%) Drupal
6 17 (2.24%) Elasticsearch
7 14 (1.84%) Red Hat Fuse
8 12 (1.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 11 (1.45%) BizTalk Server
10 9 (1.18%) EPiServer
11 8 (1.05%) Umbraco
12 7 (0.92%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 6 (0.79%) Apache Solr
13 6 (0.79%) Tomcat
14 5 (0.66%) Headless CMS
14 5 (0.66%) IIS
14 5 (0.66%) SharePoint
15 4 (0.53%) Kentico
16 3 (0.39%) JBoss
16 3 (0.39%) Jupyter
Applications
1 12 (1.58%) Photoshop
2 6 (0.79%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.66%) Adobe Illustrator
3 5 (0.66%) Adobe XD
3 5 (0.66%) Microsoft Project
3 5 (0.66%) Sketch
4 2 (0.26%) Figma
4 2 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.13%) 3ds Max
5 1 (0.13%) GIMP
5 1 (0.13%) InDesign
5 1 (0.13%) InVision
5 1 (0.13%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 20 (2.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (1.45%) Magento
3 4 (0.53%) Adobe Campaign
3 4 (0.53%) Maximo
4 3 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.39%) Shopify
5 2 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.13%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.13%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 208 (27.37%) Azure
2 139 (18.29%) AWS
3 35 (4.61%) Serverless
4 29 (3.82%) npm
5 25 (3.29%) PaaS
6 22 (2.89%) AWS CloudFormation
6 22 (2.89%) GitHub
7 21 (2.76%) GCP
8 17 (2.24%) IaaS
9 16 (2.11%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 16 (2.11%) Azure Functions
9 16 (2.11%) Microsoft 365
9 16 (2.11%) Power Platform
10 15 (1.97%) Azure Logic Apps
11 14 (1.84%) Google Analytics
12 13 (1.71%) Dynamics 365
12 13 (1.71%) OpenShift
12 13 (1.71%) SaaS
13 12 (1.58%) Amazon ECS
14 11 (1.45%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 22 (2.89%) HTTP
2 15 (1.97%) SSL
3 5 (0.66%) DNS
3 5 (0.66%) TCP/IP
4 4 (0.53%) Internet
5 3 (0.39%) 5G
5 3 (0.39%) LAN
5 3 (0.39%) Unified Communications
5 3 (0.39%) Wireless
6 2 (0.26%) Extranet
6 2 (0.26%) Intranet
6 2 (0.26%) SAN
6 2 (0.26%) SSH
6 2 (0.26%) UPnP
6 2 (0.26%) WAN
6 2 (0.26%) ZigBee
7 1 (0.13%) Firewall
7 1 (0.13%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.13%) TACACS
7 1 (0.13%) X.500
Database & Business Intelligence
1 72 (9.47%) SQL Server
2 52 (6.84%) MySQL
3 42 (5.53%) Relational Database
4 38 (5.00%) PostgreSQL
5 37 (4.87%) NoSQL
6 34 (4.47%) MongoDB
7 17 (2.24%) Azure SQL Database
8 13 (1.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 12 (1.58%) Redis
10 8 (1.05%) Oracle Database
10 8 (1.05%) Power BI
11 6 (0.79%) RDBMS
12 5 (0.66%) Apache Cassandra
13 4 (0.53%) Amazon RDS
13 4 (0.53%) Hadoop
13 4 (0.53%) QlikView
13 4 (0.53%) Riak
13 4 (0.53%) SQL Server 2008
13 4 (0.53%) Tableau
14 3 (0.39%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 185 (24.34%) Git (software)
2 113 (14.87%) Jenkins
3 79 (10.39%) JIRA
4 46 (6.05%) webpack
5 37 (4.87%) Selenium
6 26 (3.42%) Maven
7 25 (3.29%) Visual Studio
8 24 (3.16%) Grunt
8 24 (3.16%) Jasmine
9 22 (2.89%) gulp
10 20 (2.63%) Cucumber
11 17 (2.24%) Bitbucket
12 16 (2.11%) Karma Test Runner
13 15 (1.97%) Subversion
13 15 (1.97%) TeamCity
14 12 (1.58%) Artifactory
14 12 (1.58%) Cypress.io
14 12 (1.58%) SonarQube
15 11 (1.45%) JSUnit
15 11 (1.45%) JUnit
General
1 115 (15.13%) Social Skills
2 86 (11.32%) Finance
3 74 (9.74%) Banking
4 50 (6.58%) Public Sector
5 46 (6.05%) Analytical Skills
6 34 (4.47%) Marketing
7 19 (2.50%) Telecoms
8 18 (2.37%) Law
9 17 (2.24%) Retail
10 16 (2.11%) Retail Banking
11 14 (1.84%) Front Office
11 14 (1.84%) Manufacturing
12 12 (1.58%) Electronics
13 11 (1.45%) Influencing Skills
13 11 (1.45%) Investment Banking
14 6 (0.79%) Documentation Skills
14 6 (0.79%) Presentation Skills
14 6 (0.79%) Publishing
14 6 (0.79%) Welsh Language
15 5 (0.66%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 607 (79.87%) Developer
2 159 (20.92%) Web Developer
3 98 (12.89%) .NET Developer
4 83 (10.92%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 77 (10.13%) Senior Developer
6 75 (9.87%) React Developer
7 56 (7.37%) Java Developer
8 53 (6.97%) Angular Developer
9 49 (6.45%) Full Stack Developer
10 37 (4.87%) JavaScript Developer
11 29 (3.82%) C# Developer
12 28 (3.68%) PHP Developer
13 27 (3.55%) Backend Developer
13 27 (3.55%) Node.js Developer
14 24 (3.16%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 22 (2.89%) Architect
16 20 (2.63%) Lead Developer
16 20 (2.63%) Python Developer
16 20 (2.63%) UI Developer
17 19 (2.50%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 364 (47.89%) HTML
2 309 (40.66%) CSS
3 217 (28.55%) AngularJS
4 184 (24.21%) .NET
5 182 (23.95%) HTML5
6 175 (23.03%) React
7 141 (18.55%) Node.js
8 120 (15.79%) REST
9 118 (15.53%) Web Services
10 96 (12.63%) CSS3
10 96 (12.63%) Sass
11 95 (12.50%) jQuery
12 79 (10.39%) ASP.NET
13 77 (10.13%) Spring
14 63 (8.29%) Redux
15 62 (8.16%) .NET Core
16 58 (7.63%) RESTful
17 51 (6.71%) .NET Framework
17 51 (6.71%) Vue.js
18 45 (5.92%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 104 (13.68%) User Experience
2 34 (4.47%) Greenfield Project
3 29 (3.82%) Enterprise Software
4 26 (3.42%) Data Structures
5 24 (3.16%) Clustering
6 21 (2.76%) Mobile App
7 18 (2.37%) Management Information System
8 12 (1.58%) Cloud Native
8 12 (1.58%) Fixed Income
9 9 (1.18%) Algorithms
9 9 (1.18%) e-Learning
9 9 (1.18%) Self-Motivation
10 8 (1.05%) Social Media
10 8 (1.05%) Virtual Team
11 7 (0.92%) W3C
12 5 (0.66%) Wiki
13 4 (0.53%) Analytical Mindset
13 4 (0.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 4 (0.53%) Graphic Design
13 4 (0.53%) Marketing Technology
Operating Systems
1 77 (10.13%) Linux
2 36 (4.74%) Unix
3 23 (3.03%) Mac OS X
3 23 (3.03%) Windows
4 22 (2.89%) Android
5 17 (2.24%) Apple iOS
6 5 (0.66%) Windows 10
7 3 (0.39%) Mac OS
7 3 (0.39%) Windows Server 2019
8 2 (0.26%) VMS
9 1 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
9 1 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.13%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 314 (41.32%) Agile Software Development
2 185 (24.34%) DevOps
3 162 (21.32%) TDD
4 157 (20.66%) Microservices
5 116 (15.26%) MVC
6 112 (14.74%) Continuous Integration
7 108 (14.21%) Test Automation
8 99 (13.03%) Front End Development
9 83 (10.92%) Scrum
10 74 (9.74%) Problem-Solving
11 68 (8.95%) Software Engineering
12 65 (8.55%) BDD
13 61 (8.03%) E-Commerce
14 54 (7.11%) SDLC
15 52 (6.84%) OO
16 50 (6.58%) Continuous Deployment
16 50 (6.58%) Unit Testing
17 48 (6.32%) OWASP
18 43 (5.66%) Web Design
19 41 (5.39%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 458 (60.26%) JavaScript
2 155 (20.39%) C#
3 144 (18.95%) Java
4 139 (18.29%) SQL
5 123 (16.18%) TypeScript
6 88 (11.58%) PHP
7 81 (10.66%) Python
8 44 (5.79%) Java 8
9 33 (4.34%) ES6
10 22 (2.89%) PL/SQL
11 20 (2.63%) Ruby
12 17 (2.24%) PowerShell
13 14 (1.84%) C++
14 11 (1.45%) Go
15 10 (1.32%) Kotlin
16 8 (1.05%) VB.NET
17 7 (0.92%) Scala
17 7 (0.92%) T-SQL
18 6 (0.79%) VB
19 5 (0.66%) C
Qualifications
1 58 (7.63%) Degree
2 33 (4.34%) Security Cleared
3 25 (3.29%) SC Cleared
4 23 (3.03%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (1.32%) Master's Degree
6 5 (0.66%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
7 2 (0.26%) Postgraduate
8 1 (0.13%) CCNA
8 1 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.13%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.13%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.13%) JNCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (8.82%) Accessibility
2 33 (4.34%) WCAG
3 18 (2.37%) QA
4 11 (1.45%) GDPR
5 3 (0.39%) MiFID
6 2 (0.26%) Actionable Recommendations
6 2 (0.26%) GRC
6 2 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.13%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.13%) HL7
7 1 (0.13%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 130 (17.11%) Docker
2 15 (1.97%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 66 (8.68%) Kubernetes
2 18 (2.37%) Terraform
3 10 (1.32%) Grafana
4 9 (1.18%) Ansible
5 7 (0.92%) Kibana
6 5 (0.66%) Prometheus
6 5 (0.66%) Puppet
7 3 (0.39%) MIIS
8 2 (0.26%) Control-M
8 2 (0.26%) Rancher
9 1 (0.13%) cPanel
9 1 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
9 1 (0.13%) HP Fortify
9 1 (0.13%) Nagios
9 1 (0.13%) Opscode Chef
9 1 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 79 (10.39%) Microsoft
2 63 (8.29%) Oracle
3 36 (4.74%) Google
4 30 (3.95%) Adobe
5 20 (2.63%) SAP
6 9 (1.18%) Apple
6 9 (1.18%) Atlassian
6 9 (1.18%) Salesforce.com
7 8 (1.05%) Splunk
7 8 (1.05%) Zend
8 6 (0.79%) DevExpress
8 6 (0.79%) Optimizely
8 6 (0.79%) TIBCO
8 6 (0.79%) WooCommerce
9 5 (0.66%) Telerik
9 5 (0.66%) Xamarin
10 4 (0.53%) Citrix
10 4 (0.53%) Marketo
10 4 (0.53%) Roku
10 4 (0.53%) webMethods