Period
to 1 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Development over the 6 months to 1 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Development
UK
6 months to
1 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 182 167 117
Rank change year-on-year -15 -50 -13
Contract jobs citing Web Development 545 1,318 2,249
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.46% 1.62% 2.20%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.70% 1.89% 2.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 409 951 1,648
Median daily rate £425 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +2.86% +6.06%
10th Percentile £225 £300 £281
90th Percentile £590 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £400 £400
% change year-on-year -3.13% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 25 21
Median hourly rate £35.00 £25.68 £33.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +36.29% -23.34% -15.50%
10th Percentile £31.18 £14.65 £15.00
90th Percentile £61.65 £42.88 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.88 £23.56 £35.00
% change year-on-year +60.76% -32.69% -19.08%

Web Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 31,994 69,836 89,307
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.89% 86.09% 87.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,996 45,588 59,135
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £298 £290 £300
90th Percentile £656 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £434 £425
% change year-on-year -0.89% +2.09% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,230 2,249 2,343
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.50 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.94% +6.82% -4.35%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.00 £11.18
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.00 £50.25
Median hourly rate £27.74 £22.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year +23.29% +9.76% -10.87%

Web Development
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Development as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Development.

Daily rate trend for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Development over the 6 months to 1 December 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Development.

Hourly rate trend for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Development over the 6 months to 1 December 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Development within the UK over the 6 months to 1 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -12 472 £425 -5.56% 603
London -11 252 £475 -7.32% 163
UK excluding London -11 223 £388 -3.13% 479
Work from Home -64 124 £410 -3.53% 131
North of England +26 66 £413 +1.23% 141
Midlands +32 46 £315 -16.00% 98
South East 0 44 £375 -6.25% 100
North West +33 30 £465 +32.48% 64
West Midlands +41 29 £275 -23.61% 63
Scotland +2 28 £425 - 19
South West +39 26 £475 +15.15% 53
Yorkshire +10 26 £413 -8.33% 59
East Midlands +25 15 £350 -6.67% 35
East of England +50 10 £438 +6.06% 46
North East +19 10 £394 -7.29% 18
Wales +31 3 £350 -20.00% 17

For the 6 months to 1 December 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Development.

1 330 (60.55%) JavaScript
2 329 (60.37%) HTML
3 286 (52.48%) CSS
4 231 (42.39%) Agile Software Development
5 169 (31.01%) HTML5
6 167 (30.64%) Java
7 125 (22.94%) Git (software)
7 125 (22.94%) AngularJS
8 119 (21.83%) Front End Development
9 110 (20.18%) C#
10 109 (20.00%) .NET
11 108 (19.82%) jQuery
12 106 (19.45%) User Experience
13 102 (18.72%) React
14 90 (16.51%) Test Automation
15 89 (16.33%) Node.js
15 89 (16.33%) SQL
16 84 (15.41%) Sass
17 83 (15.23%) Azure
18 78 (14.31%) Microservices
19 75 (13.76%) REST
20 74 (13.58%) AWS
20 74 (13.58%) Jenkins
20 74 (13.58%) DevOps
21 73 (13.39%) SQL Server
22 72 (13.21%) Spring
23 71 (13.03%) Finance
23 71 (13.03%) CSS3
24 70 (12.84%) Linux
25 69 (12.66%) Problem-Solving

Web Development
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (5.69%) Apache
1 31 (5.69%) CMS
2 29 (5.32%) WordPress
3 18 (3.30%) IIS
4 17 (3.12%) SharePoint
5 15 (2.75%) Confluence
5 15 (2.75%) Tomcat
6 14 (2.57%) Red Hat Fuse
7 12 (2.20%) Elasticsearch
8 11 (2.02%) Moodle
9 10 (1.83%) WebLogic
10 9 (1.65%) Drupal
10 9 (1.65%) WebSphere
11 7 (1.28%) nginx
12 6 (1.10%) Cloud Foundry
13 4 (0.73%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 4 (0.73%) JBoss
13 4 (0.73%) Mule
13 4 (0.73%) Sitecore CMS
14 3 (0.55%) Umbraco
Applications
1 11 (2.02%) Microsoft Office
1 11 (2.02%) Photoshop
2 6 (1.10%) Adobe XD
3 5 (0.92%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 4 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.73%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.55%) Zeplin
6 1 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.18%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.18%) Marvel
6 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.18%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 16 (2.94%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (1.28%) Shopify
3 4 (0.73%) Visualfiles
4 2 (0.37%) Magento
4 2 (0.37%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.18%) Maximo
5 1 (0.18%) OpenCart
5 1 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 83 (15.23%) Azure
2 74 (13.58%) AWS
3 30 (5.50%) GitHub
4 16 (2.94%) Power Platform
5 15 (2.75%) PaaS
6 14 (2.57%) AWS CloudFormation
6 14 (2.57%) npm
7 13 (2.39%) Amazon ElastiCache
8 12 (2.20%) Google Analytics
8 12 (2.20%) SaaS
8 12 (2.20%) Serverless
9 11 (2.02%) Amazon Kinesis
10 10 (1.83%) Amazon ECS
11 9 (1.65%) GCP
12 8 (1.47%) Logic Apps
12 8 (1.47%) Office 365
13 7 (1.28%) Dynamics 365
13 7 (1.28%) OpenShift
13 7 (1.28%) PowerApps
14 6 (1.10%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 26 (4.77%) HTTP
2 10 (1.83%) SSL
2 10 (1.83%) TCP/IP
3 8 (1.47%) Internet
4 7 (1.28%) DNS
5 5 (0.92%) Intranet
6 3 (0.55%) Firewall
7 1 (0.18%) NAS
7 1 (0.18%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (13.39%) SQL Server
2 42 (7.71%) Relational Database
3 38 (6.97%) MongoDB
4 30 (5.50%) MySQL
5 27 (4.95%) PostgreSQL
6 19 (3.49%) NoSQL
7 14 (2.57%) RDBMS
8 13 (2.39%) Redis
9 9 (1.65%) Power BI
9 9 (1.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 7 (1.28%) SQL Server 2008
10 7 (1.28%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 6 (1.10%) SAP HANA
12 5 (0.92%) SQL Server 2012
13 4 (0.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 4 (0.73%) Amazon RDS
13 4 (0.73%) Data Mart
13 4 (0.73%) Pentaho
14 3 (0.55%) Apache Cassandra
14 3 (0.55%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 125 (22.94%) Git (software)
2 74 (13.58%) Jenkins
3 40 (7.34%) gulp
4 37 (6.79%) JIRA
5 36 (6.61%) Grunt
6 33 (6.06%) Maven
7 28 (5.14%) Gradle
8 27 (4.95%) Visual Studio
9 25 (4.59%) Selenium
10 23 (4.22%) webpack
11 22 (4.04%) Jasmine
11 22 (4.04%) Subversion
12 21 (3.85%) JUnit
12 21 (3.85%) Mockito
13 16 (2.94%) Ant
14 15 (2.75%) Mocha
14 15 (2.75%) SonarQube
15 14 (2.57%) GitLab
16 12 (2.20%) Cucumber
16 12 (2.20%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 71 (13.03%) Finance
2 69 (12.66%) Public Sector
3 39 (7.16%) Banking
4 30 (5.50%) Marketing
5 16 (2.94%) Front Office
6 9 (1.65%) Advertising
7 8 (1.47%) Law
7 8 (1.47%) Manufacturing
8 7 (1.28%) Financial Institution
8 7 (1.28%) Retail
9 5 (0.92%) Local Government
9 5 (0.92%) Telecoms
10 4 (0.73%) Back Office
11 3 (0.55%) Electronics
11 3 (0.55%) German Language
11 3 (0.55%) Legal
11 3 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.55%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.37%) Games
12 2 (0.37%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 429 (78.72%) Developer
2 137 (25.14%) Web Developer
3 118 (21.65%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 61 (11.19%) Java Developer
5 51 (9.36%) .NET Developer
6 48 (8.81%) React Developer
7 42 (7.71%) Full Stack Developer
8 38 (6.97%) JavaScript Developer
9 34 (6.24%) C# Developer
9 34 (6.24%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 33 (6.06%) Senior Developer
11 24 (4.40%) HTML Developer
12 23 (4.22%) C# .NET Developer
13 22 (4.04%) Angular Developer
14 20 (3.67%) WordPress Developer
15 18 (3.30%) PHP Developer
16 17 (3.12%) Python Developer
17 16 (2.94%) Architect
18 15 (2.75%) UI Developer
19 14 (2.57%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 329 (60.37%) HTML
2 286 (52.48%) CSS
3 169 (31.01%) HTML5
4 125 (22.94%) AngularJS
5 109 (20.00%) .NET
6 108 (19.82%) jQuery
7 102 (18.72%) React
8 89 (16.33%) Node.js
9 84 (15.41%) Sass
10 75 (13.76%) REST
11 72 (13.21%) Spring
12 71 (13.03%) CSS3
13 64 (11.74%) Web Services
14 56 (10.28%) RESTful
15 51 (9.36%) ASP.NET
16 47 (8.62%) Redux
17 46 (8.44%) XML
18 40 (7.34%) ASP.NET Web API
18 40 (7.34%) JSON
19 36 (6.61%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 106 (19.45%) User Experience
2 42 (7.71%) Enterprise Software
3 32 (5.87%) Analytical Skills
4 21 (3.85%) Clustering
4 21 (3.85%) Data Structures
5 16 (2.94%) Mobile App
6 14 (2.57%) Greenfield Project
7 13 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
8 9 (1.65%) Mobile Payment
9 8 (1.47%) NHS
10 7 (1.28%) Derivative
10 7 (1.28%) Public Cloud
11 5 (0.92%) Algorithms
11 5 (0.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 5 (0.92%) W3C
12 4 (0.73%) Fixed Income
12 4 (0.73%) FMCG
12 4 (0.73%) Life Science
12 4 (0.73%) Management Information System
13 3 (0.55%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 70 (12.84%) Linux
2 41 (7.52%) Unix
3 30 (5.50%) Mac OS X
4 23 (4.22%) Windows
5 5 (0.92%) Android
5 5 (0.92%) Apple iOS
5 5 (0.92%) Ubuntu
5 5 (0.92%) Windows 10
5 5 (0.92%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.55%) Windows Server 2016
7 2 (0.37%) AIX
7 2 (0.37%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 231 (42.39%) Agile Software Development
2 119 (21.83%) Front End Development
3 90 (16.51%) Test Automation
4 78 (14.31%) Microservices
5 74 (13.58%) DevOps
6 69 (12.66%) Problem-Solving
7 65 (11.93%) TDD
8 64 (11.74%) Continuous Integration
9 62 (11.38%) Responsive Web Design
10 56 (10.28%) Scrum
11 55 (10.09%) OO
12 51 (9.36%) Unit Testing
12 51 (9.36%) Web Design
13 47 (8.62%) MVC
13 47 (8.62%) Open Source
14 46 (8.44%) Continuous Deployment
15 35 (6.42%) BDD
16 33 (6.06%) Software Engineering
16 33 (6.06%) Web Accessibility
17 31 (5.69%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 330 (60.55%) JavaScript
2 167 (30.64%) Java
3 110 (20.18%) C#
4 89 (16.33%) SQL
5 61 (11.19%) PHP
6 53 (9.72%) TypeScript
7 41 (7.52%) Python
8 37 (6.79%) Java 8
9 26 (4.77%) Kotlin
10 20 (3.67%) VB
11 18 (3.30%) ES6
12 17 (3.12%) PowerShell
13 14 (2.57%) C++
13 14 (2.57%) PL/SQL
14 9 (1.65%) Ruby
14 9 (1.65%) Scala
14 9 (1.65%) T-SQL
15 6 (1.10%) Shell Script
16 5 (0.92%) Bash Shell
17 4 (0.73%) VBA
Qualifications
1 66 (12.11%) Security Cleared
2 42 (7.71%) Degree
3 41 (7.52%) SC Cleared
4 21 (3.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (3.67%) DV Cleared
6 17 (3.12%) BPSS Clearance
7 9 (1.65%) DBS Check
7 9 (1.65%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.55%) AWS Certification
8 3 (0.55%) PMI Certification
8 3 (0.55%) PMP
8 3 (0.55%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 2 (0.37%) BC Cleared
9 2 (0.37%) MCAD
9 2 (0.37%) MCITP
9 2 (0.37%) MCPD
9 2 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (8.44%) WCAG
2 21 (3.85%) QA
3 9 (1.65%) GDPR
4 5 (0.92%) NCSC
5 4 (0.73%) MiFID
6 3 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.55%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.55%) WAI
7 2 (0.37%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.18%) Section 508
System Software
1 50 (9.17%) Docker
2 3 (0.55%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (0.37%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Virtual Server
4 1 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 37 (6.79%) Kubernetes
2 9 (1.65%) Grafana
2 9 (1.65%) Kibana
3 8 (1.47%) Terraform
4 7 (1.28%) Puppet
5 6 (1.10%) Ansible
6 5 (0.92%) ITRS Geneos
6 5 (0.92%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (0.92%) Tivoli
7 2 (0.37%) cPanel
7 2 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
8 1 (0.18%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.18%) Knative
8 1 (0.18%) Plesk
8 1 (0.18%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 52 (9.54%) Microsoft
2 37 (6.79%) Oracle
3 20 (3.67%) Adobe
3 20 (3.67%) Google
4 18 (3.30%) SAP
5 10 (1.83%) Salesforce.com
5 10 (1.83%) Sitecore
6 7 (1.28%) ServiceNow
6 7 (1.28%) Splunk
7 6 (1.10%) Red Hat
7 6 (1.10%) VMware
7 6 (1.10%) WooCommerce
8 5 (0.92%) MuleSoft
8 5 (0.92%) Murex
8 5 (0.92%) Xamarin
9 4 (0.73%) Atlassian
9 4 (0.73%) CA Agile Central
9 4 (0.73%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
10 3 (0.55%) hybris
10 3 (0.55%) Tealium