Period
to 13 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Development over the 6 months to 13 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Development
UK
6 months to
13 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 164 122 101
Rank change year-on-year -42 -21 -31
Contract jobs citing Web Development 1,367 2,294 2,511
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.62% 2.21% 2.46%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.88% 2.55% 2.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 963 1,644 1,768
UK median daily rate £450 £440 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +6.67% +5.77%
10th Percentile £294 £286 £288
90th Percentile £638 £633 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 21 47
UK median hourly rate £25.68 £33.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.34% -16.25% +90.48%
10th Percentile £15.75 £15.00 £14.50
90th Percentile £46.11 £57.50 £49.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.00 £35.00 £44.00
% change year-on-year -22.86% -20.45% +127.54%

Web Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,736 90,125 88,062
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.12% 86.88% 86.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 47,672 59,619 58,484
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%
10th Percentile £298 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,313 2,352 2,123
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £22.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.82% -4.35% +2.22%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.66 £50.48 £49.15
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £21.19 £23.50
% change year-on-year +6.18% -9.83% +4.44%

Web Development
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Development as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Development.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Development over the 6 months to 13 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Development.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Development over the 6 months to 13 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Development within the UK over the 6 months to 13 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -45 1,234 £450 - 1,185
UK excluding London -29 754 £400 - 948
London -44 591 £525 +5.00% 304
South East -39 216 £400 -3.03% 224
North of England -8 186 £401 +4.03% 228
Midlands +17 101 £363 -4.92% 188
South West -36 101 £413 +6.11% 131
Scotland -17 100 £425 +6.25% 41
Yorkshire +6 89 £450 +16.88% 74
North West -31 73 £350 -6.67% 123
West Midlands +16 62 £360 -4.00% 123
East Midlands +16 37 £375 -6.25% 65
East of England -24 36 £400 +11.11% 111
North East +20 24 £438 +7.49% 31
Wales +28 12 £450 +16.13% 25
Northern Ireland 0 4 £438 +21.19% 2

For the 6 months to 13 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Development.

1 806 (58.96%) JavaScript
2 657 (48.06%) CSS
3 651 (47.62%) HTML
4 596 (43.60%) Agile Software Development
5 434 (31.75%) AngularJS
6 367 (26.85%) .NET
7 353 (25.82%) C#
8 329 (24.07%) React
9 289 (21.14%) TDD
10 284 (20.78%) HTML5
11 279 (20.41%) Java
12 269 (19.68%) SQL
13 239 (17.48%) Test Automation
14 231 (16.90%) Front End Development
15 228 (16.68%) Finance
16 223 (16.31%) Git (software)
17 221 (16.17%) SQL Server
18 211 (15.44%) CSS3
19 210 (15.36%) MVC
20 209 (15.29%) Node.js
21 207 (15.14%) jQuery
22 196 (14.34%) Microservices
23 194 (14.19%) ASP.NET
24 187 (13.68%) Scrum
25 183 (13.39%) User Experience
26 176 (12.87%) Azure
27 165 (12.07%) Continuous Integration
28 156 (11.41%) PHP
29 155 (11.34%) TypeScript
30 154 (11.27%) Python

Web Development
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (9.36%) CMS
2 62 (4.54%) WordPress
3 54 (3.95%) SharePoint
4 45 (3.29%) Apache
4 45 (3.29%) IIS
5 42 (3.07%) Drupal
6 38 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
7 33 (2.41%) Confluence
8 26 (1.90%) Umbraco
9 17 (1.24%) JBoss
10 15 (1.10%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 15 (1.10%) nginx
11 10 (0.73%) Anypoint
11 10 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
12 9 (0.66%) MS Exchange
13 8 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
14 7 (0.51%) Camunda
14 7 (0.51%) Liferay
15 6 (0.44%) EPiServer
15 6 (0.44%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 41 (3.00%) Photoshop
2 26 (1.90%) Microsoft Office
3 20 (1.46%) Microsoft Excel
4 13 (0.95%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.80%) Adobe Illustrator
5 11 (0.80%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.73%) Microsoft Project
7 5 (0.37%) Zeplin
8 4 (0.29%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.22%) Sketch
10 2 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.073%) Adobe XD
11 1 (0.073%) GIMP
11 1 (0.073%) InDesign
11 1 (0.073%) InVision
11 1 (0.073%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 36 (2.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.88%) Magento
3 8 (0.59%) Remedy ITSM
4 3 (0.22%) Adobe Campaign
4 3 (0.22%) osCommerce
4 3 (0.22%) Shopify
4 3 (0.22%) Visualfiles
5 2 (0.15%) Unica
5 2 (0.15%) WebTrends
6 1 (0.073%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.073%) Eikon
6 1 (0.073%) Oracle BRM
6 1 (0.073%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.073%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.073%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 176 (12.87%) Azure
2 122 (8.92%) AWS
3 82 (6.00%) GitHub
4 48 (3.51%) Google Analytics
5 32 (2.34%) Power Platform
6 30 (2.19%) Dynamics 365
7 25 (1.83%) npm
8 23 (1.68%) Office 365
9 22 (1.61%) GCP
10 20 (1.46%) Serverless
11 16 (1.17%) SaaS
12 14 (1.02%) Amazon S3
13 11 (0.80%) AWS Lambda
14 8 (0.59%) Yarn
15 7 (0.51%) Azure Active Directory
15 7 (0.51%) Heroku
15 7 (0.51%) PaaS
16 6 (0.44%) Amazon EC2
16 6 (0.44%) Trello
16 6 (0.44%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 66 (4.83%) HTTP
2 25 (1.83%) SSL
3 22 (1.61%) TCP/IP
4 20 (1.46%) Internet
4 20 (1.46%) Intranet
5 8 (0.59%) SNMP
6 7 (0.51%) DNS
6 7 (0.51%) Skype
7 5 (0.37%) Firewall
7 5 (0.37%) Reverse Proxy
8 4 (0.29%) LAN
8 4 (0.29%) WAN
9 3 (0.22%) Extranet
10 2 (0.15%) FTP
10 2 (0.15%) IP Telephony
10 2 (0.15%) Network Security
10 2 (0.15%) SMTP
10 2 (0.15%) SSH
11 1 (0.073%) HTTPS
11 1 (0.073%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 221 (16.17%) SQL Server
2 86 (6.29%) MySQL
2 86 (6.29%) Relational Database
3 70 (5.12%) MongoDB
4 45 (3.29%) NoSQL
5 41 (3.00%) PostgreSQL
6 38 (2.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 37 (2.71%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 31 (2.27%) Power BI
9 20 (1.46%) Apache Cassandra
9 20 (1.46%) QlikView
9 20 (1.46%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 19 (1.39%) OLAP
11 14 (1.02%) Oracle Database
12 13 (0.95%) SQL Server 2016
13 12 (0.88%) Redis
14 11 (0.80%) DB2
15 10 (0.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 8 (0.59%) RDBMS
17 7 (0.51%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 223 (16.31%) Git (software)
2 90 (6.58%) Jenkins
3 80 (5.85%) TeamCity
4 76 (5.56%) JIRA
5 69 (5.05%) Selenium
6 62 (4.54%) Cucumber
7 57 (4.17%) Visual Studio
8 47 (3.44%) Octopus Deploy
9 44 (3.22%) Team Foundation Server
10 41 (3.00%) gulp
11 38 (2.78%) JUnit
12 35 (2.56%) Bitbucket
13 34 (2.49%) Jasmine
14 33 (2.41%) webpack
15 32 (2.34%) Subversion
16 30 (2.19%) Visual Studio Team System
17 25 (1.83%) Maven
17 25 (1.83%) Mocha
17 25 (1.83%) Mockito
18 20 (1.46%) Grunt
General
1 228 (16.68%) Finance
2 99 (7.24%) Public Sector
3 98 (7.17%) Marketing
4 69 (5.05%) Banking
5 50 (3.66%) Retail
6 27 (1.98%) Back Office
7 21 (1.54%) Front Office
8 20 (1.46%) Advertising
9 17 (1.24%) Legal
9 17 (1.24%) Telecoms
10 16 (1.17%) Games
10 16 (1.17%) Investment Banking
11 15 (1.10%) Manufacturing
12 13 (0.95%) Financial Institution
12 13 (0.95%) Law
13 11 (0.80%) Pharmaceutical
14 10 (0.73%) Publishing
15 9 (0.66%) Automotive
16 7 (0.51%) Electronics
17 4 (0.29%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,104 (80.76%) Developer
2 356 (26.04%) Web Developer
3 172 (12.58%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 124 (9.07%) .NET Developer
5 121 (8.85%) Full Stack Developer
6 117 (8.56%) Java Developer
7 113 (8.27%) JavaScript Developer
8 110 (8.05%) Senior Developer
9 101 (7.39%) C# Developer
10 98 (7.17%) React Developer
11 86 (6.29%) Angular Developer
12 63 (4.61%) PHP Developer
13 61 (4.46%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 51 (3.73%) C# .NET Developer
15 46 (3.37%) Python Developer
16 45 (3.29%) HTML Developer
17 44 (3.22%) .NET Web Developer
18 40 (2.93%) Scala Developer
18 40 (2.93%) Software Developer
19 38 (2.78%) Full Stack Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 657 (48.06%) CSS
2 651 (47.62%) HTML
3 434 (31.75%) AngularJS
4 367 (26.85%) .NET
5 329 (24.07%) React
6 284 (20.78%) HTML5
7 211 (15.44%) CSS3
8 209 (15.29%) Node.js
9 207 (15.14%) jQuery
10 194 (14.19%) ASP.NET
11 149 (10.90%) REST
12 142 (10.39%) JSON
13 137 (10.02%) Sass
14 125 (9.14%) RESTful
15 121 (8.85%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 120 (8.78%) Web Services
17 108 (7.90%) .NET Framework
18 82 (6.00%) Spring
19 80 (5.85%) XML
20 76 (5.56%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 183 (13.39%) User Experience
2 64 (4.68%) Analytical Skills
3 62 (4.54%) Greenfield Project
4 49 (3.58%) Mobile App
5 42 (3.07%) Hedge funds
6 32 (2.34%) Enterprise Software
7 25 (1.83%) Social Media
8 24 (1.76%) Management Information System
9 22 (1.61%) Data Structures
10 19 (1.39%) Algorithms
11 17 (1.24%) Equities
12 15 (1.10%) Self-Motivation
13 14 (1.02%) Wiki
14 12 (0.88%) Linux Command Line
15 9 (0.66%) Blog
15 9 (0.66%) Cloud Native
15 9 (0.66%) Driving Licence
15 9 (0.66%) SWIFT
16 8 (0.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 8 (0.59%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 131 (9.58%) Linux
2 72 (5.27%) Windows
3 65 (4.75%) Unix
4 42 (3.07%) Mac OS X
5 30 (2.19%) Android
6 28 (2.05%) Apple iOS
7 12 (0.88%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.37%) Mac OS
8 5 (0.37%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.29%) Solaris
9 4 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.15%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.15%) Windows 7
10 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.073%) AIX
11 1 (0.073%) Debian
11 1 (0.073%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.073%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 1 (0.073%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 596 (43.60%) Agile Software Development
2 289 (21.14%) TDD
3 239 (17.48%) Test Automation
4 231 (16.90%) Front End Development
5 210 (15.36%) MVC
6 196 (14.34%) Microservices
7 187 (13.68%) Scrum
8 165 (12.07%) Continuous Integration
9 116 (8.49%) BDD
9 116 (8.49%) Problem-Solving
10 109 (7.97%) Continuous Deployment
11 106 (7.75%) OO
12 104 (7.61%) DevOps
13 100 (7.32%) Software Engineering
14 95 (6.95%) E-Commerce
15 91 (6.66%) Responsive Web Design
16 85 (6.22%) Web Design
17 84 (6.14%) Mentoring
18 81 (5.93%) Analytics
19 76 (5.56%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 806 (58.96%) JavaScript
2 353 (25.82%) C#
3 279 (20.41%) Java
4 269 (19.68%) SQL
5 156 (11.41%) PHP
6 155 (11.34%) TypeScript
7 154 (11.27%) Python
8 76 (5.56%) Scala
9 62 (4.54%) Ruby
10 57 (4.17%) T-SQL
11 54 (3.95%) ES6
12 49 (3.58%) PowerShell
13 45 (3.29%) Java 8
14 33 (2.41%) PL/SQL
15 27 (1.98%) Shell Script
16 22 (1.61%) C++
17 14 (1.02%) Bash Shell
17 14 (1.02%) VB
18 13 (0.95%) VB.NET
19 11 (0.80%) Go
Qualifications
1 84 (6.14%) Degree
2 75 (5.49%) Security Cleared
3 51 (3.73%) SC Cleared
4 21 (1.54%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (1.17%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
7 7 (0.51%) HND
8 4 (0.29%) A+ Certification
8 4 (0.29%) AWS Certification
8 4 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.22%) GIAC
9 3 (0.22%) OSCP
9 3 (0.22%) SANS
10 2 (0.15%) DV Cleared
10 2 (0.15%) MCP
10 2 (0.15%) MCPD
10 2 (0.15%) MCTS
11 1 (0.073%) HNC
11 1 (0.073%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 1 (0.073%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (2.78%) QA
1 38 (2.78%) WCAG
2 13 (0.95%) MiFID
3 9 (0.66%) GDPR
4 4 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.22%) SLA
5 3 (0.22%) WAI
6 1 (0.073%) HL7
6 1 (0.073%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.073%) PMO
6 1 (0.073%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 90 (6.58%) Docker
2 25 (1.83%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.22%) Hyper-V
3 3 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
4 1 (0.073%) vCloud
4 1 (0.073%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 53 (3.88%) Kubernetes
2 29 (2.12%) Grafana
3 27 (1.98%) Ansible
4 21 (1.54%) Kibana
5 10 (0.73%) WMI
6 8 (0.59%) Amdocs OSS
6 8 (0.59%) Netcool
6 8 (0.59%) Netcool/OMNIbus
7 6 (0.44%) Prometheus
7 6 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
7 6 (0.44%) TeamSite
7 6 (0.44%) Terraform
8 5 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (0.29%) Graphite
9 4 (0.29%) Puppet
10 3 (0.22%) Opscode Chef
10 3 (0.22%) Rancher
11 2 (0.15%) FortiGate
11 2 (0.15%) MOM
11 2 (0.15%) Plesk
Vendors
1 151 (11.05%) Microsoft
2 100 (7.32%) Google
3 86 (6.29%) Oracle
4 40 (2.93%) Adobe
5 22 (1.61%) MuleSoft
6 21 (1.54%) IBM
7 19 (1.39%) Cognos
7 19 (1.39%) MicroStrategy
7 19 (1.39%) Tableau
8 17 (1.24%) SAP
9 15 (1.10%) Apple
10 12 (0.88%) Atlassian
10 12 (0.88%) Hotjar
10 12 (0.88%) Sitecore
10 12 (0.88%) Yahoo!
11 11 (0.80%) Cypress Semiconductor
11 11 (0.80%) Splunk
12 10 (0.73%) Remedy
13 9 (0.66%) ServiceNow
13 9 (0.66%) Siebel