Period
to 20 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Web Development skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Development over the 6 months to 20 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Development
UK
6 months to
20 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 157 105 93
Rank change year-on-year -52 -12 -23
Contract jobs citing Web Development 1,613 2,543 2,572
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.79% 2.49% 2.69%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.06% 2.86% 3.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,159 1,860 1,796
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +9.76% +9.33%
10th Percentile £300 £288 £275
90th Percentile £625 £638 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £403 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +0.63% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 16 49
UK median hourly rate £35.75 £31.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.60% -20.63% +125.35%
10th Percentile £23.00 £15.38 £13.70
90th Percentile £60.00 £55.00 £52.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.50 £31.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year +46.46% -25.29% +165.63%

Web Development is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,327 88,773 82,372
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 87.00% 86.84% 86.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,485 58,514 53,921
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,285 2,385 2,079
UK median hourly rate £24.50 £21.00 £24.77
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% -15.22% +5.40%
10th Percentile £11.82 £11.17 £11.37
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £20.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +20.00% -20.00% +4.17%

Web Development
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Web Development as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Development.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Development over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Development.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Development over the 6 months to 20 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Development in the UK

Web Development
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Development within the UK over the 6 months to 20 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -56 1,480 £475 +5.56% 1,264
UK excluding London -33 834 £403 +0.63% 1,039
London -53 745 £513 +2.50% 292
South East -40 269 £405 -4.71% 254
North of England +9 218 £426 +13.67% 255
Yorkshire +8 104 £472 +19.75% 88
North West +2 102 £400 +6.67% 134
Midlands -7 96 £363 -3.33% 238
South West -45 86 £425 +10.75% 116
Scotland -1 83 £401 +0.31% 40
East of England -27 60 £400 +10.73% 109
West Midlands -9 58 £375 - 119
East Midlands +11 38 £355 -11.25% 119
Wales +13 18 £394 +1.61% 24
North East +9 12 £400 -0.87% 33
Northern Ireland +4 6 £356 +28.38% 3

For the 6 months to 20 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Development also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Web Development.

1 951 (58.96%) JavaScript
2 835 (51.77%) HTML
3 805 (49.91%) CSS
4 747 (46.31%) Agile Software Development
5 467 (28.95%) AngularJS
6 409 (25.36%) Java
7 387 (23.99%) .NET
8 386 (23.93%) TDD
9 361 (22.38%) C#
10 355 (22.01%) HTML5
11 330 (20.46%) Test Automation
12 324 (20.09%) Front End Development
13 321 (19.90%) React
14 317 (19.65%) Git (software)
15 303 (18.78%) SQL
16 270 (16.74%) Node.js
17 255 (15.81%) Finance
18 254 (15.75%) Microsoft Azure
19 253 (15.69%) Linux
20 252 (15.62%) User Experience
21 250 (15.50%) CSS3
22 239 (14.82%) jQuery
22 239 (14.82%) MVC
23 228 (14.14%) Scrum
24 227 (14.07%) SQL Server
25 225 (13.95%) Microservices
26 209 (12.96%) Amazon AWS
27 205 (12.71%) REST
28 199 (12.34%) ASP.NET
29 192 (11.90%) Python

Web Development
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (7.94%) CMS
2 86 (5.33%) WordPress
3 69 (4.28%) Confluence
4 63 (3.91%) SharePoint
5 60 (3.72%) Apache
6 45 (2.79%) Drupal
7 36 (2.23%) IIS
8 33 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
9 29 (1.80%) Umbraco
10 21 (1.30%) JBoss
11 16 (0.99%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 13 (0.81%) SharePoint 2010
13 10 (0.62%) Sitecore CMS
14 9 (0.56%) MS Exchange
14 9 (0.56%) nginx
15 8 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
15 8 (0.50%) EPiServer
15 8 (0.50%) Mule
16 7 (0.43%) Anypoint
16 7 (0.43%) Liferay
Applications
1 58 (3.60%) Photoshop
2 20 (1.24%) Microsoft Office
3 17 (1.05%) Adobe Illustrator
4 15 (0.93%) Microsoft Excel
5 9 (0.56%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.37%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 6 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
7 4 (0.25%) Sketch
8 3 (0.19%) Zeplin
9 2 (0.12%) Fireworks
9 2 (0.12%) InVision
9 2 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.062%) Adobe After Effects
10 1 (0.062%) Adobe Captivate
10 1 (0.062%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.062%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.062%) Camtasia
10 1 (0.062%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.062%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 45 (2.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.87%) Magento
3 4 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
4 3 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 3 (0.19%) Shopify
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.12%) Unica
5 2 (0.12%) Visualfiles
5 2 (0.12%) WebTrends
6 1 (0.062%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.062%) Eikon
6 1 (0.062%) Oracle BRM
6 1 (0.062%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 254 (15.75%) Microsoft Azure
2 209 (12.96%) Amazon AWS
3 83 (5.15%) GitHub
4 44 (2.73%) npm
5 37 (2.29%) Google Analytics
6 35 (2.17%) Google Cloud Platform
7 34 (2.11%) Dynamics 365
8 27 (1.67%) SaaS
9 23 (1.43%) Office 365
10 20 (1.24%) Serverless
10 20 (1.24%) Yarn
11 18 (1.12%) Amazon S3
12 16 (0.99%) AWS Lambda
12 16 (0.99%) Power Platform
13 10 (0.62%) Cloud Computing
14 9 (0.56%) PaaS
14 9 (0.56%) Slack
15 8 (0.50%) Amazon SQS
15 8 (0.50%) Azure Active Directory
15 8 (0.50%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 46 (2.85%) HTTP
2 27 (1.67%) Internet
2 27 (1.67%) Intranet
3 16 (0.99%) Skype
4 11 (0.68%) SSL
5 7 (0.43%) H.323
5 7 (0.43%) TCP/IP
6 6 (0.37%) Firewall
6 6 (0.37%) Reverse Proxy
6 6 (0.37%) SNMP
7 5 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
8 3 (0.19%) MQTT
8 3 (0.19%) Network Security
8 3 (0.19%) SSH
9 2 (0.12%) IP Telephony
10 1 (0.062%) DNS
10 1 (0.062%) FTP
10 1 (0.062%) ICMP
10 1 (0.062%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 227 (14.07%) SQL Server
2 120 (7.44%) MongoDB
3 108 (6.70%) MySQL
4 76 (4.71%) NoSQL
5 73 (4.53%) Relational Database
6 52 (3.22%) PostgreSQL
7 37 (2.29%) Apache Cassandra
8 25 (1.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 24 (1.49%) Oracle Database
9 24 (1.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 19 (1.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 19 (1.18%) Neo4j
11 15 (0.93%) Power BI
12 14 (0.87%) Redis
12 14 (0.87%) SQL Server 2012
13 13 (0.81%) Azure SQL Database
13 13 (0.81%) DB2
13 13 (0.81%) SQL Server 2016
14 10 (0.62%) Big Data
14 10 (0.62%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 317 (19.65%) Git (software)
2 135 (8.37%) JIRA
3 131 (8.12%) Jenkins
4 80 (4.96%) Visual Studio
5 77 (4.77%) Jasmine
6 73 (4.53%) Mockito
7 70 (4.34%) webpack
8 61 (3.78%) Selenium
9 59 (3.66%) gulp
10 57 (3.53%) TeamCity
11 56 (3.47%) Bitbucket
12 55 (3.41%) Subversion
13 54 (3.35%) Team Foundation Server
14 53 (3.29%) Maven
15 48 (2.98%) Cucumber
15 48 (2.98%) Karma Test Runner
16 45 (2.79%) Grunt
17 41 (2.54%) GitLab
18 39 (2.42%) Mocha
19 32 (1.98%) JUnit
General
1 255 (15.81%) Finance
2 124 (7.69%) Public Sector
3 105 (6.51%) Banking
4 91 (5.64%) Marketing
5 42 (2.60%) Retail
6 36 (2.23%) Front Office
7 34 (2.11%) Investment Banking
8 24 (1.49%) Advertising
9 20 (1.24%) Telecoms
10 17 (1.05%) Games
10 17 (1.05%) Manufacturing
10 17 (1.05%) Publishing
11 16 (0.99%) Legal
12 15 (0.93%) Financial Institution
13 14 (0.87%) Back Office
14 13 (0.81%) Law
15 12 (0.74%) Pharmaceutical
16 10 (0.62%) Electronics
17 7 (0.43%) Retail Banking
18 4 (0.25%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,340 (83.08%) Developer
2 402 (24.92%) Web Developer
3 231 (14.32%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 182 (11.28%) Java Developer
5 138 (8.56%) .NET Developer
5 138 (8.56%) JavaScript Developer
6 131 (8.12%) Full Stack Developer
7 128 (7.94%) React Developer
8 126 (7.81%) Senior Developer
9 122 (7.56%) Angular Developer
10 105 (6.51%) C# Developer
11 75 (4.65%) Python Developer
12 66 (4.09%) Front End Web Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 64 (3.97%) PHP Developer
14 54 (3.35%) C# .NET Developer
15 50 (3.10%) HTML Developer
16 48 (2.98%) UI Developer
17 47 (2.91%) .NET Web Developer
17 47 (2.91%) Architect
18 45 (2.79%) Full Stack Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 835 (51.77%) HTML
2 805 (49.91%) CSS
3 467 (28.95%) AngularJS
4 387 (23.99%) .NET
5 355 (22.01%) HTML5
6 321 (19.90%) React
7 270 (16.74%) Node.js
8 250 (15.50%) CSS3
9 239 (14.82%) jQuery
10 205 (12.71%) REST
11 199 (12.34%) ASP.NET
12 175 (10.85%) Sass
13 155 (9.61%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 153 (9.49%) Web Services
15 129 (8.00%) JSON
16 123 (7.63%) RESTful
17 107 (6.63%) Spring
18 106 (6.57%) .NET Framework
19 93 (5.77%) Redux
20 84 (5.21%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 252 (15.62%) User Experience
2 67 (4.15%) Greenfield Project
3 57 (3.53%) Analytical Skills
4 48 (2.98%) Mobile App
5 47 (2.91%) Enterprise Software
6 32 (1.98%) Hedge funds
7 28 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
8 23 (1.43%) Management Information System
9 21 (1.30%) Algorithms
9 21 (1.30%) Social Media
10 20 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
11 19 (1.18%) Data Structures
12 16 (0.99%) Equities
13 13 (0.81%) Data Protection Act
14 12 (0.74%) Wiki
15 11 (0.68%) Cloud Native
15 11 (0.68%) Fixed Income
16 9 (0.56%) Blog
16 9 (0.56%) Driving Licence
16 9 (0.56%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 253 (15.69%) Linux
2 149 (9.24%) Unix
3 107 (6.63%) Mac OS X
4 63 (3.91%) Windows
5 47 (2.91%) Apple iOS
6 46 (2.85%) Android
7 11 (0.68%) Windows Server
8 10 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
9 8 (0.50%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (0.31%) CentOS
10 5 (0.31%) Mac OS
11 3 (0.19%) Fedora
11 3 (0.19%) Solaris
12 2 (0.12%) Debian
12 2 (0.12%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.12%) Windows 7
13 1 (0.062%) Android TV
13 1 (0.062%) Oracle Linux
13 1 (0.062%) tvOS
13 1 (0.062%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 747 (46.31%) Agile Software Development
2 386 (23.93%) TDD
3 330 (20.46%) Test Automation
4 324 (20.09%) Front End Development
5 239 (14.82%) MVC
6 228 (14.14%) Scrum
7 225 (13.95%) Microservices
8 186 (11.53%) Continuous Deployment
9 178 (11.04%) BDD
10 166 (10.29%) Responsive Web Design
11 146 (9.05%) DevOps
12 142 (8.80%) Web Design
13 134 (8.31%) Continuous Integration
14 115 (7.13%) Problem-Solving
15 114 (7.07%) Software Engineering
16 109 (6.76%) SDLC
17 107 (6.63%) OO
18 97 (6.01%) Pair Programming
19 93 (5.77%) E-Commerce
20 89 (5.52%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 951 (58.96%) JavaScript
2 409 (25.36%) Java
3 361 (22.38%) C#
4 303 (18.78%) SQL
5 192 (11.90%) Python
6 181 (11.22%) PHP
7 176 (10.91%) TypeScript
8 98 (6.08%) Java 8
9 85 (5.27%) ES6
10 72 (4.46%) Ruby
11 58 (3.60%) T-SQL
12 48 (2.98%) PowerShell
13 36 (2.23%) Scala
14 24 (1.49%) C
14 24 (1.49%) Shell Script
15 19 (1.18%) PL/SQL
16 18 (1.12%) Bash Shell
16 18 (1.12%) C++
17 16 (0.99%) ES7
18 11 (0.68%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 114 (7.07%) Security Cleared
2 86 (5.33%) Degree
2 86 (5.33%) SC Cleared
3 27 (1.67%) Computer Science Degree
4 25 (1.55%) BPSS Clearance
5 9 (0.56%) DV Cleared
6 8 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
7 7 (0.43%) HND
8 5 (0.31%) DBS Check
9 4 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
10 3 (0.19%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 3 (0.19%) Master's Degree
11 2 (0.12%) Postgraduate
11 2 (0.12%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 2 (0.12%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 1 (0.062%) A+ Certification
12 1 (0.062%) CISSP
12 1 (0.062%) ISEB
12 1 (0.062%) PhD
12 1 (0.062%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (2.73%) QA
2 31 (1.92%) WCAG
3 6 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
4 5 (0.31%) GDPR
4 5 (0.31%) SLA
5 4 (0.25%) WAI
6 2 (0.12%) HL7
7 1 (0.062%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.062%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 190 (11.78%) Docker
2 28 (1.74%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.37%) VirtualBox
4 3 (0.19%) Hyper-V
4 3 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.062%) vCloud
5 1 (0.062%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.062%) zsh
Systems Management
1 130 (8.06%) Kubernetes
2 41 (2.54%) Ansible
3 11 (0.68%) Grafana
3 11 (0.68%) Hadoop YARN
4 10 (0.62%) WMI
5 9 (0.56%) SCCM
6 7 (0.43%) Puppet
6 7 (0.43%) Terraform
7 5 (0.31%) cPanel
7 5 (0.31%) Kibana
8 4 (0.25%) Graphite
8 4 (0.25%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.19%) Opscode Chef
9 3 (0.19%) Rancher
10 2 (0.12%) Amdocs OSS
10 2 (0.12%) FortiGate
10 2 (0.12%) MOM
10 2 (0.12%) Netcool
10 2 (0.12%) Netcool/OMNIbus
10 2 (0.12%) Plesk
Vendors
1 156 (9.67%) Microsoft
2 84 (5.21%) Google
2 84 (5.21%) Oracle
3 62 (3.84%) Adobe
4 33 (2.05%) MuleSoft
5 25 (1.55%) Splunk
6 23 (1.43%) Atlassian
7 20 (1.24%) IBM
8 19 (1.18%) SAP
9 17 (1.05%) Apple
9 17 (1.05%) Salesforce.com
10 16 (0.99%) Telerik
11 14 (0.87%) Sitecore
12 12 (0.74%) Cypress Semiconductor
13 11 (0.68%) Yahoo!
14 8 (0.50%) Hotjar
14 8 (0.50%) HubSpot
14 8 (0.50%) Informatica
14 8 (0.50%) Tableau
15 7 (0.43%) TIBCO