Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 96 54 61
Rank change year-on-year -42 +7 -2
Permanent jobs citing BDD 1,772 989 2,454
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.51% 5.05% 4.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.67% 5.38% 4.83%
Number of salaries quoted 1,036 850 1,924
10th Percentile £47,500 £48,400 £35,000
25th Percentile £55,000 £57,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £69,500 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +0.72% +2.96% +3.85%
75th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £62,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year -4.00% +8.70% +4.55%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 48,231 18,394 50,847
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.53% 93.88% 93.59%
Number of salaries quoted 31,437 15,563 41,377
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £107,500 £100,000
England median annual salary £58,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +5.45% +4.76% -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Salary trend for BDD in London

BDD
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -72 175 £75,000 +7.14% 99
West London -9 117 £62,500 +8.70% 43
South London -27 45 £72,500 +3.57% 10
East London -28 8 £72,500 +17.41% 16
North London -14 1 - - 5
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,433 (80.87%) Agile Software Development
2 1,329 (75.00%) TDD
3 753 (42.49%) JavaScript
4 746 (42.10%) Java
5 723 (40.80%) Microservices
6 625 (35.27%) Test Automation
7 598 (33.75%) React
8 552 (31.15%) AWS
9 535 (30.19%) Scrum
10 515 (29.06%) Software Engineering
11 514 (29.01%) DevOps
12 494 (27.88%) Continuous Integration
13 469 (26.47%) C#
13 469 (26.47%) Docker
14 465 (26.24%) Azure
15 456 (25.73%) Jenkins
16 445 (25.11%) Git (software)
17 408 (23.02%) QA
17 408 (23.02%) REST
18 402 (22.69%) Node.js
19 379 (21.39%) SQL
20 377 (21.28%) Finance
21 375 (21.16%) Kubernetes
22 366 (20.65%) Python
23 365 (20.60%) .NET
24 363 (20.49%) Selenium
24 363 (20.49%) Social Skills
25 348 (19.64%) AngularJS
26 338 (19.07%) Full Stack Development
27 336 (18.96%) HTML

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (6.94%) Elasticsearch
2 118 (6.66%) Confluence
3 53 (2.99%) CMS
4 27 (1.52%) Apache Solr
5 20 (1.13%) Apache
6 16 (0.90%) Drupal
7 14 (0.79%) Headless CMS
7 14 (0.79%) IIS
8 12 (0.68%) SharePoint
9 9 (0.51%) Camunda
9 9 (0.51%) WordPress
10 8 (0.45%) nginx
11 7 (0.40%) Apache Spark
12 5 (0.28%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (0.28%) Umbraco
13 4 (0.23%) Ethereum
13 4 (0.23%) NServiceBus
14 3 (0.17%) Oracle Coherence
15 2 (0.11%) Jetty
15 2 (0.11%) Oracle Spatial
Applications
1 8 (0.45%) Figma
2 7 (0.40%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.17%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.17%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.17%) PlantUML
4 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.11%) Mingle
4 2 (0.11%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.056%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.056%) Adobe XD
5 1 (0.056%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.056%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 21 (1.19%) Payment Gateway
2 15 (0.85%) Shopify
3 12 (0.68%) Magento
4 3 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.11%) Actimize
5 2 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.11%) Loan IQ
6 1 (0.056%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 552 (31.15%) AWS
2 465 (26.24%) Azure
3 249 (14.05%) Serverless
4 220 (12.42%) GCP
5 178 (10.05%) GitHub
6 150 (8.47%) AWS Lambda
7 101 (5.70%) SaaS
8 93 (5.25%) Amazon S3
9 84 (4.74%) Amazon SQS
10 79 (4.46%) Amazon EC2
11 67 (3.78%) AWS CloudFormation
12 54 (3.05%) Amazon ECS
13 43 (2.43%) Azure Functions
14 40 (2.26%) Amazon Cognito
15 39 (2.20%) npm
16 35 (1.98%) BrowserStack
17 33 (1.86%) Amazon Kinesis
18 29 (1.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 25 (1.41%) Azure Service Bus
19 25 (1.41%) BlazeMeter
Communications & Networking
1 115 (6.49%) HTTP
2 85 (4.80%) Broadband
3 24 (1.35%) Internet
4 16 (0.90%) WebEx
5 12 (0.68%) MQTT
6 6 (0.34%) RTP
7 4 (0.23%) 5G
7 4 (0.23%) Wireshark
8 2 (0.11%) DSL
8 2 (0.11%) Firewall
8 2 (0.11%) Network Security
8 2 (0.11%) SSH
9 1 (0.056%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.056%) VoIP
9 1 (0.056%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 248 (14.00%) NoSQL
2 209 (11.79%) SQL Server
3 161 (9.09%) PostgreSQL
4 140 (7.90%) MySQL
5 132 (7.45%) MongoDB
6 124 (7.00%) Relational Database
7 114 (6.43%) Redis
8 78 (4.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 57 (3.22%) Amazon Aurora
10 40 (2.26%) Big Data
11 33 (1.86%) Amazon RDS
11 33 (1.86%) Apache Cassandra
12 31 (1.75%) Amazon Athena
13 27 (1.52%) SQL Server 2019
14 23 (1.30%) RDBMS
15 21 (1.19%) Data Warehouse
16 20 (1.13%) Azure SQL Database
17 19 (1.07%) Hazelcast
18 18 (1.02%) Blockchain
19 17 (0.96%) Aerospike
Development Applications
1 456 (25.73%) Jenkins
2 445 (25.11%) Git (software)
3 363 (20.49%) Selenium
4 277 (15.63%) JIRA
5 245 (13.83%) Cucumber
6 156 (8.80%) Cypress.io
7 140 (7.90%) Postman
8 138 (7.79%) SpecFlow
9 135 (7.62%) GitLab
10 133 (7.51%) Maven
11 130 (7.34%) webpack
12 117 (6.60%) TeamCity
13 106 (5.98%) WebDriver
14 102 (5.76%) NUnit
15 91 (5.14%) Appium
15 91 (5.14%) Octopus Deploy
16 90 (5.08%) JUnit
17 83 (4.68%) Mocha
18 80 (4.51%) JMeter
19 68 (3.84%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 377 (21.28%) Finance
2 363 (20.49%) Social Skills
3 201 (11.34%) Banking
4 143 (8.07%) Retail
5 88 (4.97%) Analytical Skills
6 62 (3.50%) Publishing
7 59 (3.33%) Public Sector
8 49 (2.77%) Investment Banking
9 48 (2.71%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 47 (2.65%) Marketing
11 38 (2.14%) Games
12 34 (1.92%) Pharmaceutical
13 33 (1.86%) Manufacturing
14 32 (1.81%) Advertising
15 25 (1.41%) Retail Banking
16 24 (1.35%) Legal
17 23 (1.30%) Billing
18 19 (1.07%) Back Office
19 17 (0.96%) Electronics
20 15 (0.85%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 821 (46.33%) Developer
2 249 (14.05%) Java Developer
3 248 (14.00%) Senior Developer
4 229 (12.92%) Software Engineer
5 153 (8.63%) .NET Developer
6 110 (6.21%) QA Engineer
7 91 (5.14%) Full Stack Developer
7 91 (5.14%) Test Engineer
8 81 (4.57%) Senior Java Developer
9 77 (4.35%) JavaScript Developer
9 77 (4.35%) Senior Software Engineer
10 74 (4.18%) React Developer
11 63 (3.56%) Analyst
11 63 (3.56%) Java Engineer
12 60 (3.39%) Backend Developer
13 59 (3.33%) Tester
14 58 (3.27%) Software Developer
15 56 (3.16%) Senior .NET Developer
16 54 (3.05%) Automation Engineer
16 54 (3.05%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 598 (33.75%) React
2 408 (23.02%) REST
3 402 (22.69%) Node.js
4 365 (20.60%) .NET
5 348 (19.64%) AngularJS
6 336 (18.96%) HTML
7 328 (18.51%) CSS
8 279 (15.74%) RESTful
9 277 (15.63%) Web Services
10 258 (14.56%) Spring
11 189 (10.67%) .NET Core
12 161 (9.09%) HTML5
13 154 (8.69%) Spring Boot
14 140 (7.90%) CSS3
15 138 (7.79%) Kafka
16 130 (7.34%) ASP.NET Web API
17 127 (7.17%) GraphQL
18 120 (6.77%) RabbitMQ
19 117 (6.60%) ASP.NET
20 111 (6.26%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 156 (8.80%) User Experience
2 124 (7.00%) Greenfield Project
3 104 (5.87%) Mobile App
4 83 (4.68%) Algorithms
5 71 (4.01%) Video\Live Streaming
6 62 (3.50%) Over-the-Top Content
7 55 (3.10%) Video on Demand
8 53 (2.99%) Social Media
9 47 (2.65%) Self-Motivation
9 47 (2.65%) Virtual Team
10 39 (2.20%) Cloud Native
11 37 (2.09%) Life Science
12 33 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
13 28 (1.58%) Data Structures
14 27 (1.52%) Legacy Systems
14 27 (1.52%) PlayStation
15 24 (1.35%) iPad
16 23 (1.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 22 (1.24%) NHS
18 20 (1.13%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 130 (7.34%) Android
2 101 (5.70%) Linux
3 93 (5.25%) Apple iOS
4 57 (3.22%) Windows
5 34 (1.92%) Mesosphere
6 29 (1.64%) Unix
7 5 (0.28%) VMS
8 4 (0.23%) Tizen
8 4 (0.23%) webOS
8 4 (0.23%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,433 (80.87%) Agile Software Development
2 1,329 (75.00%) TDD
3 723 (40.80%) Microservices
4 625 (35.27%) Test Automation
5 535 (30.19%) Scrum
6 515 (29.06%) Software Engineering
7 514 (29.01%) DevOps
8 494 (27.88%) Continuous Integration
9 338 (19.07%) Full Stack Development
10 295 (16.65%) Mentoring
11 254 (14.33%) SDLC
12 246 (13.88%) Software Testing
13 226 (12.75%) Problem-Solving
14 219 (12.36%) OO
15 215 (12.13%) SOLID
16 214 (12.08%) Kanban
17 212 (11.96%) Unit Testing
18 196 (11.06%) SOA
19 192 (10.84%) Continuous Improvement
20 188 (10.61%) Event-Driven
Programming Languages
1 753 (42.49%) JavaScript
2 746 (42.10%) Java
3 469 (26.47%) C#
4 379 (21.39%) SQL
5 366 (20.65%) Python
6 237 (13.37%) TypeScript
7 141 (7.96%) Java 8
8 123 (6.94%) Go
9 98 (5.53%) Ruby
10 92 (5.19%) Kotlin
11 91 (5.14%) PHP
11 91 (5.14%) Scala
12 64 (3.61%) ES6
13 62 (3.50%) PowerShell
14 36 (2.03%) C
15 35 (1.98%) Bash Shell
16 34 (1.92%) Java 11
17 32 (1.81%) C++
18 27 (1.52%) Groovy
19 24 (1.35%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 110 (6.21%) Degree
2 64 (3.61%) Security Cleared
3 59 (3.33%) Computer Science Degree
3 59 (3.33%) SC Cleared
4 54 (3.05%) ISTQB
5 19 (1.07%) Master's Degree
6 16 (0.90%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 15 (0.85%) ISEB
8 2 (0.11%) CITP
9 1 (0.056%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.056%) HND
9 1 (0.056%) ISEB Practitioner
9 1 (0.056%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 408 (23.02%) QA
2 65 (3.67%) Accessibility
3 12 (0.68%) WAI
4 5 (0.28%) GDPR
5 4 (0.23%) HIPAA
5 4 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.23%) SOC 2
6 2 (0.11%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.11%) SEPA
7 1 (0.056%) WCAG
System Software
1 469 (26.47%) Docker
2 23 (1.30%) Postfix
3 4 (0.23%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.11%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 375 (21.16%) Kubernetes
2 153 (8.63%) Terraform
3 75 (4.23%) Ansible
4 70 (3.95%) Kibana
5 57 (3.22%) Puppet
6 56 (3.16%) Opscode Chef
7 52 (2.93%) logstash
8 50 (2.82%) Grafana
9 42 (2.37%) Opsgenie
10 34 (1.92%) Automic
11 32 (1.81%) Consul
11 32 (1.81%) Prometheus
12 30 (1.69%) Graphite
12 30 (1.69%) Graylog
13 13 (0.73%) Packer
14 12 (0.68%) HAProxy
14 12 (0.68%) MIIS
14 12 (0.68%) Pingdom
14 12 (0.68%) Rancher
14 12 (0.68%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 151 (8.52%) Google
2 101 (5.70%) Microsoft
3 76 (4.29%) Oracle
4 42 (2.37%) Splunk
5 31 (1.75%) Cognizant
6 23 (1.30%) Salesforce.com
7 18 (1.02%) New Relic
8 17 (0.96%) Xamarin
9 16 (0.90%) HP
9 16 (0.90%) Murex
10 15 (0.85%) Bloomberg
10 15 (0.85%) Elastic Path
11 14 (0.79%) Apple
11 14 (0.79%) LexisNexis
12 12 (0.68%) Sun
13 10 (0.56%) Atlassian
13 10 (0.56%) PayPal
14 8 (0.45%) BT
14 8 (0.45%) MuleSoft
14 8 (0.45%) Samsung