Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 83 53 65
Rank change year-on-year -30 +12 -9
Permanent jobs citing BDD 1,492 1,712 2,568
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.91% 4.90% 4.46%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.14% 5.23% 4.79%
Number of salaries quoted 1,120 1,465 2,061
10th Percentile £47,500 £37,348 £37,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £48,250 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +4.00%
75th Percentile £82,500 £85,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year - +9.09% +10.00%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 36,003 32,760 53,562
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 94.30% 93.84% 93.03%
Number of salaries quoted 25,547 26,665 43,758
10th Percentile £42,500 £39,000 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £102,500 £97,500
England median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Salary trend for BDD in London

BDD
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Salary histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -9 226 £75,000 +3.45% 105
West London +17 87 £65,000 +13.04% 34
South London -6 47 £68,750 +10.00% 7
East London +4 5 £65,000 - 14
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,151 (77.14%) Agile Software Development
2 1,098 (73.59%) TDD
3 666 (44.64%) Java
4 568 (38.07%) Microservices
5 560 (37.53%) JavaScript
6 542 (36.33%) Test Automation
7 496 (33.24%) DevOps
8 452 (30.29%) Azure
8 452 (30.29%) AWS
9 439 (29.42%) C#
10 364 (24.40%) Docker
11 359 (24.06%) Selenium
12 349 (23.39%) Software Engineering
12 349 (23.39%) Continuous Integration
13 335 (22.45%) Scrum
14 334 (22.39%) SQL
15 333 (22.32%) Kubernetes
16 323 (21.65%) React
17 322 (21.58%) .NET
18 314 (21.05%) QA
19 301 (20.17%) Finance
20 290 (19.44%) Social Skills
21 280 (18.77%) Git (software)
22 276 (18.50%) Node.js
23 275 (18.43%) Python
24 271 (18.16%) REST
25 265 (17.76%) Cucumber
26 261 (17.49%) HTML
27 258 (17.29%) Jenkins
28 254 (17.02%) CSS

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (6.50%) Confluence
2 60 (4.02%) Elasticsearch
3 44 (2.95%) CMS
4 15 (1.01%) Apache Solr
4 15 (1.01%) Drupal
5 9 (0.60%) Headless CMS
5 9 (0.60%) IIS
6 8 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
6 8 (0.54%) SharePoint
7 6 (0.40%) Apache
8 5 (0.34%) Apache Spark
9 3 (0.20%) OpenStack
9 3 (0.20%) Oracle Coherence
9 3 (0.20%) Sitecore CMS
9 3 (0.20%) Tomcat
9 3 (0.20%) Umbraco
9 3 (0.20%) WordPress
10 2 (0.13%) JBoss
10 2 (0.13%) Oracle Spatial
10 2 (0.13%) WebSphere
Applications
1 12 (0.80%) Chatbot
2 6 (0.40%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.13%) PlantUML
5 1 (0.067%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.067%) Mingle
5 1 (0.067%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 18 (1.21%) Payment Gateway
2 16 (1.07%) Shopify
3 4 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.13%) Endur
5 1 (0.067%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.067%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 452 (30.29%) AWS
1 452 (30.29%) Azure
2 171 (11.46%) Serverless
3 162 (10.86%) GCP
4 123 (8.24%) SaaS
5 98 (6.57%) GitHub
6 76 (5.09%) AWS Lambda
7 70 (4.69%) Azure Functions
8 48 (3.22%) Azure Service Bus
9 46 (3.08%) AWS CloudFormation
10 44 (2.95%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 42 (2.82%) Amazon EC2
12 41 (2.75%) Azure Service Fabric
13 36 (2.41%) Amazon SQS
13 36 (2.41%) Azure Event Grid
14 33 (2.21%) Azure App Service
14 33 (2.21%) NuGet
15 31 (2.08%) PaaS
16 29 (1.94%) BrowserStack
17 28 (1.88%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 51 (3.42%) HTTP
2 36 (2.41%) Broadband
3 7 (0.47%) Internet
3 7 (0.47%) SSH
4 4 (0.27%) DNS
4 4 (0.27%) Network Security
5 3 (0.20%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.13%) Wireshark
7 1 (0.067%) AMQP
7 1 (0.067%) Firewall
7 1 (0.067%) LAN
7 1 (0.067%) NAS
7 1 (0.067%) Skype
7 1 (0.067%) SSL
7 1 (0.067%) VoIP
7 1 (0.067%) WAN
7 1 (0.067%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 184 (12.33%) NoSQL
2 142 (9.52%) SQL Server
3 114 (7.64%) MongoDB
4 108 (7.24%) Relational Database
5 105 (7.04%) PostgreSQL
6 98 (6.57%) MySQL
7 58 (3.89%) Redis
8 47 (3.15%) Azure SQL Database
9 36 (2.41%) Big Data
10 35 (2.35%) Apache Cassandra
11 26 (1.74%) Amazon Aurora
11 26 (1.74%) SQL Server 2019
12 25 (1.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 21 (1.41%) Amazon RDS
14 14 (0.94%) Hazelcast
15 12 (0.80%) Data Warehouse
16 10 (0.67%) Blockchain
16 10 (0.67%) Oracle Database
17 8 (0.54%) SQL Server 2012
18 7 (0.47%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 359 (24.06%) Selenium
2 280 (18.77%) Git (software)
3 265 (17.76%) Cucumber
4 258 (17.29%) Jenkins
5 233 (15.62%) JIRA
6 116 (7.77%) SpecFlow
7 104 (6.97%) Postman
8 95 (6.37%) Maven
9 89 (5.97%) WebDriver
10 78 (5.23%) webpack
11 77 (5.16%) JUnit
12 75 (5.03%) Cypress.io
13 65 (4.36%) Appium
14 59 (3.95%) NUnit
14 59 (3.95%) REST Assured
15 56 (3.75%) TeamCity
16 49 (3.28%) GitLab
17 41 (2.75%) JMeter
18 38 (2.55%) CircleCI
19 34 (2.28%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 301 (20.17%) Finance
2 290 (19.44%) Social Skills
3 172 (11.53%) Banking
4 121 (8.11%) Retail
5 70 (4.69%) Public Sector
6 65 (4.36%) Analytical Skills
7 56 (3.75%) Investment Banking
8 47 (3.15%) Marketing
9 45 (3.02%) Games
10 39 (2.61%) Advertising
11 36 (2.41%) Manufacturing
12 32 (2.14%) Publishing
13 22 (1.47%) Automotive
14 20 (1.34%) Presentation Skills
15 16 (1.07%) Electronics
16 15 (1.01%) Financial Institution
17 14 (0.94%) Legal
18 12 (0.80%) Telecoms
18 12 (0.80%) Wearables
19 11 (0.74%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 643 (43.10%) Developer
2 223 (14.95%) Senior Developer
3 194 (13.00%) Java Developer
4 186 (12.47%) Software Engineer
5 140 (9.38%) .NET Developer
6 100 (6.70%) QA Engineer
7 90 (6.03%) Full Stack Developer
8 86 (5.76%) Test Engineer
9 83 (5.56%) Java Engineer
10 79 (5.29%) JavaScript Developer
11 70 (4.69%) Analyst
12 66 (4.42%) Senior Java Developer
13 64 (4.29%) React Developer
14 63 (4.22%) C# Developer
14 63 (4.22%) Software Developer
15 57 (3.82%) Tester
16 54 (3.62%) Test Automation Engineer
17 52 (3.49%) Automation Engineer
18 50 (3.35%) Automation Tester
18 50 (3.35%) C# Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 323 (21.65%) React
2 322 (21.58%) .NET
3 276 (18.50%) Node.js
4 271 (18.16%) REST
5 261 (17.49%) HTML
6 254 (17.02%) CSS
7 243 (16.29%) AngularJS
8 229 (15.35%) Spring
9 212 (14.21%) .NET Core
10 204 (13.67%) Web Services
11 184 (12.33%) RESTful
12 142 (9.52%) HTML5
13 137 (9.18%) Spring Boot
14 125 (8.38%) CSS3
15 99 (6.64%) Kafka
16 89 (5.97%) ASP.NET
17 87 (5.83%) GraphQL
18 81 (5.43%) Gherkin
19 75 (5.03%) ASP.NET Web API
20 73 (4.89%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 119 (7.98%) Greenfield Project
2 97 (6.50%) Mobile App
3 79 (5.29%) User Experience
4 55 (3.69%) Cloud Native
5 40 (2.68%) Algorithms
6 38 (2.55%) Self-Motivation
7 37 (2.48%) iPad
8 35 (2.35%) Video\Live Streaming
9 24 (1.61%) Video on Demand
10 22 (1.47%) Blog
10 22 (1.47%) Over-the-Top Content
10 22 (1.47%) Social Media
11 18 (1.21%) Data Structures
12 16 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
12 16 (1.07%) Hybrid Cloud
13 13 (0.87%) Social Network
14 12 (0.80%) Augmented Reality
14 12 (0.80%) Data Centre
14 12 (0.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 11 (0.74%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 87 (5.83%) Linux
2 56 (3.75%) Android
3 36 (2.41%) Apple iOS
4 35 (2.35%) Unix
5 15 (1.01%) Windows
6 2 (0.13%) Tizen
6 2 (0.13%) webOS
6 2 (0.13%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.067%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.067%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,151 (77.14%) Agile Software Development
2 1,098 (73.59%) TDD
3 568 (38.07%) Microservices
4 542 (36.33%) Test Automation
5 496 (33.24%) DevOps
6 349 (23.39%) Continuous Integration
6 349 (23.39%) Software Engineering
7 335 (22.45%) Scrum
8 241 (16.15%) OO
9 224 (15.01%) Software Testing
10 219 (14.68%) Mentoring
11 202 (13.54%) SDLC
12 180 (12.06%) Continuous Delivery
13 177 (11.86%) Fintech
14 175 (11.73%) Pair Programming
15 157 (10.52%) Kanban
16 140 (9.38%) MVC
17 139 (9.32%) Problem-Solving
18 138 (9.25%) SDET
19 135 (9.05%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 666 (44.64%) Java
2 560 (37.53%) JavaScript
3 439 (29.42%) C#
4 334 (22.39%) SQL
5 275 (18.43%) Python
6 150 (10.05%) TypeScript
7 121 (8.11%) Java 8
8 83 (5.56%) Go
9 67 (4.49%) Ruby
10 61 (4.09%) Kotlin
11 57 (3.82%) Scala
12 39 (2.61%) PHP
13 38 (2.55%) ES6
14 36 (2.41%) C++
15 34 (2.28%) PowerShell
16 27 (1.81%) Groovy
17 23 (1.54%) Bash Shell
18 18 (1.21%) Shell Script
19 17 (1.14%) T-SQL
20 16 (1.07%) C
Qualifications
1 65 (4.36%) Degree
2 56 (3.75%) ISTQB
3 46 (3.08%) Security Cleared
4 41 (2.75%) SC Cleared
5 19 (1.27%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (0.94%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 8 (0.54%) ISEB
8 4 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
8 4 (0.27%) OSCE
8 4 (0.27%) OSCP
9 3 (0.20%) DV Cleared
9 3 (0.20%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.13%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 1 (0.067%) APMG
11 1 (0.067%) CITP
11 1 (0.067%) IIBA
11 1 (0.067%) ISEB Practitioner
11 1 (0.067%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 314 (21.05%) QA
2 43 (2.88%) Accessibility
3 16 (1.07%) GDPR
4 8 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 8 (0.54%) SOC 2
5 6 (0.40%) ISO 20022
6 4 (0.27%) HIPAA
6 4 (0.27%) NIST
6 4 (0.27%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.27%) SOC 1
7 3 (0.20%) SEPA
8 1 (0.067%) MiFID
8 1 (0.067%) WCAG
System Software
1 364 (24.40%) Docker
2 6 (0.40%) Postfix
3 2 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.067%) Hyper-V
4 1 (0.067%) KVM
4 1 (0.067%) LXC
4 1 (0.067%) vSphere
4 1 (0.067%) Xen
Systems Management
1 333 (22.32%) Kubernetes
2 94 (6.30%) Terraform
3 39 (2.61%) Ansible
4 34 (2.28%) Puppet
5 21 (1.41%) Istio
6 19 (1.27%) Opscode Chef
7 18 (1.21%) Grafana
8 14 (0.94%) Graphite
8 14 (0.94%) Graylog
8 14 (0.94%) Opsgenie
9 13 (0.87%) Fortio
9 13 (0.87%) Kiali
10 12 (0.80%) HP Quality Center
11 9 (0.60%) Consul
11 9 (0.60%) Rancher
12 8 (0.54%) Kibana
12 8 (0.54%) Prometheus
13 5 (0.34%) Packer
14 4 (0.27%) Marathon
14 4 (0.27%) Mesos
Vendors
1 110 (7.37%) Microsoft
2 85 (5.70%) Google
3 59 (3.95%) Oracle
4 19 (1.27%) Atlassian
5 18 (1.21%) New Relic
6 16 (1.07%) Elastic Path
6 16 (1.07%) PayPal
7 14 (0.94%) HP
7 14 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
7 14 (0.94%) Splunk
8 10 (0.67%) Capita
8 10 (0.67%) SAP
9 9 (0.60%) IBM
10 7 (0.47%) Apple
10 7 (0.47%) Xamarin
11 6 (0.40%) BT
11 6 (0.40%) LexisNexis
11 6 (0.40%) Samsung
12 5 (0.34%) Facebook
12 5 (0.34%) hybris