Period
to 28 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
England > London
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 107 60 63
Rank change year-on-year -47 +3 +1
Permanent jobs citing BDD 1,648 1,176 2,318
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.20% 4.80% 4.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.35% 5.10% 4.81%
Number of salaries quoted 831 1,024 1,813
10th Percentile £47,500 £48,750 £35,000
25th Percentile £56,250 £57,188 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% -
75th Percentile £90,000 £78,750 £82,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £90,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year - +8.70% +4.55%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 49,218 23,064 48,181
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.68% 94.21% 93.95%
Number of salaries quoted 32,675 19,499 39,084
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,500
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £48,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £83,750
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in London

BDD
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing BDD in London.

Salary trend for BDD in London

BDD
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing BDD in London over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Salary histogram for BDD in London

BDD
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the London region over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Central London -84 149 £80,000 +14.29% 88
West London -22 73 £67,500 +3.85% 25
South London -19 59 £62,500 -13.79% 6
East London -40 5 £72,500 +38.10% 25
North London - 1 - - 3
BDD
England

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, IT jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,372 (83.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,273 (77.25%) TDD
3 737 (44.72%) Java
4 681 (41.32%) CI/CD
5 665 (40.35%) JavaScript
6 579 (35.13%) Test Automation
7 553 (33.56%) Microservices
8 517 (31.37%) Software Engineering
9 507 (30.76%) AWS
10 497 (30.16%) DevOps
11 494 (29.98%) Git (software)
12 487 (29.55%) React
12 487 (29.55%) Docker
13 483 (29.31%) Scrum
14 462 (28.03%) Continuous Integration
15 424 (25.73%) Azure
16 391 (23.73%) Jenkins
17 380 (23.06%) C#
18 374 (22.69%) SQL
19 370 (22.45%) REST
20 368 (22.33%) Kubernetes
20 368 (22.33%) Python
20 368 (22.33%) Finance
21 357 (21.66%) Node.js
22 349 (21.18%) QA
23 343 (20.81%) AngularJS
24 340 (20.63%) Selenium
25 311 (18.87%) Full Stack Development
26 302 (18.33%) Spring
26 302 (18.33%) HTML

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 87 (5.28%) Elasticsearch
2 86 (5.22%) Confluence
3 43 (2.61%) CMS
4 20 (1.21%) Apache
5 15 (0.91%) Jetty
6 14 (0.85%) Camunda
7 13 (0.79%) WordPress
8 10 (0.61%) nginx
9 8 (0.49%) IIS
10 6 (0.36%) Apache Airflow
10 6 (0.36%) OpenStack
10 6 (0.36%) Oracle Workflow
10 6 (0.36%) SharePoint
10 6 (0.36%) Tomcat
11 5 (0.30%) Apache Spark
12 4 (0.24%) NServiceBus
12 4 (0.24%) Umbraco
13 3 (0.18%) Apache Solr
13 3 (0.18%) Ethereum
13 3 (0.18%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 9 (0.55%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.18%) PlantUML
4 2 (0.12%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.061%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.061%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 16 (0.97%) Magento
1 16 (0.97%) Payment Gateway
2 12 (0.73%) Shopify
3 7 (0.42%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
6 2 (0.12%) Actimize
Cloud Services
1 507 (30.76%) AWS
2 424 (25.73%) Azure
3 223 (13.53%) Serverless
4 212 (12.86%) GCP
5 124 (7.52%) AWS Lambda
6 102 (6.19%) GitHub
7 81 (4.92%) SaaS
8 72 (4.37%) Amazon EC2
9 67 (4.07%) Amazon S3
10 56 (3.40%) Amazon SQS
11 39 (2.37%) npm
12 31 (1.88%) OpenShift
13 30 (1.82%) Amazon Cognito
13 30 (1.82%) AWS CloudFormation
13 30 (1.82%) Azure Functions
14 26 (1.58%) Amazon ECS
15 25 (1.52%) BrowserStack
16 24 (1.46%) Power Platform
17 22 (1.33%) Cloud Computing
18 19 (1.15%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 49 (2.97%) HTTP
2 43 (2.61%) Broadband
3 18 (1.09%) Internet
4 15 (0.91%) MQTT
5 7 (0.42%) DSL
6 5 (0.30%) WebEx
7 4 (0.24%) VoIP
7 4 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
7 4 (0.24%) Wireshark
7 4 (0.24%) ZigBee
8 2 (0.12%) DNS
9 1 (0.061%) 5G
9 1 (0.061%) AMQP
9 1 (0.061%) Firewall
9 1 (0.061%) Network Security
9 1 (0.061%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 213 (12.92%) NoSQL
2 171 (10.38%) SQL Server
3 145 (8.80%) MongoDB
4 139 (8.43%) MySQL
5 127 (7.71%) PostgreSQL
6 94 (5.70%) Relational Database
7 89 (5.40%) Redis
8 53 (3.22%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 51 (3.09%) Amazon Aurora
10 41 (2.49%) Amazon RDS
10 41 (2.49%) Blockchain
11 35 (2.12%) Big Data
12 27 (1.64%) SQL Server 2019
13 24 (1.46%) Apache Cassandra
13 24 (1.46%) RDBMS
14 20 (1.21%) Couchbase
15 15 (0.91%) Power BI
16 14 (0.85%) Hazelcast
16 14 (0.85%) Tableau
17 13 (0.79%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 494 (29.98%) Git (software)
2 391 (23.73%) Jenkins
3 340 (20.63%) Selenium
4 244 (14.81%) Cucumber
5 209 (12.68%) JIRA
6 154 (9.34%) Maven
7 139 (8.43%) Cypress.io
8 131 (7.95%) JUnit
9 124 (7.52%) SpecFlow
10 114 (6.92%) TeamCity
11 111 (6.74%) Postman
12 100 (6.07%) GitLab
13 91 (5.52%) WebDriver
14 86 (5.22%) JMeter
15 79 (4.79%) Mockito
16 75 (4.55%) NUnit
17 73 (4.43%) Gradle
18 70 (4.25%) Jasmine
19 68 (4.13%) Appium
19 68 (4.13%) Mocha
General
1 368 (22.33%) Finance
2 293 (17.78%) Social Skills
3 156 (9.47%) Banking
4 104 (6.31%) Retail
5 83 (5.04%) Games
6 78 (4.73%) Analytical Skills
7 62 (3.76%) Advertising
7 62 (3.76%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 61 (3.70%) Publishing
9 29 (1.76%) Investment Banking
10 28 (1.70%) Public Sector
11 24 (1.46%) Aerospace
12 23 (1.40%) Marketing
13 22 (1.33%) Law
13 22 (1.33%) Retail Banking
14 20 (1.21%) Pharmaceutical
15 18 (1.09%) Billing
16 15 (0.91%) Documentation Skills
17 13 (0.79%) Legal
17 13 (0.79%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 772 (46.84%) Developer
2 266 (16.14%) Java Developer
3 233 (14.14%) Senior Developer
4 226 (13.71%) Software Engineer
5 102 (6.19%) .NET Developer
6 96 (5.83%) QA Engineer
7 91 (5.52%) Full Stack Developer
8 88 (5.34%) Senior Java Developer
8 88 (5.34%) Software Developer
9 87 (5.28%) Test Engineer
10 82 (4.98%) Java Engineer
11 79 (4.79%) Senior Software Engineer
12 73 (4.43%) Analyst
13 71 (4.31%) Lead Developer
14 63 (3.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 48 (2.91%) Developer in Test
16 45 (2.73%) JavaScript Developer
17 44 (2.67%) Tester
18 41 (2.49%) Backend Developer
19 40 (2.43%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 487 (29.55%) React
2 370 (22.45%) REST
3 357 (21.66%) Node.js
4 343 (20.81%) AngularJS
5 302 (18.33%) HTML
5 302 (18.33%) Spring
6 288 (17.48%) CSS
7 276 (16.75%) .NET
8 245 (14.87%) RESTful
9 225 (13.65%) Spring Boot
10 189 (11.47%) Kafka
11 173 (10.50%) Web Services
12 160 (9.71%) HTML5
13 146 (8.86%) .NET Core
14 132 (8.01%) CSS3
15 129 (7.83%) GraphQL
16 123 (7.46%) Sass
17 107 (6.49%) SOAP
18 104 (6.31%) ASP.NET
19 96 (5.83%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 133 (8.07%) User Experience
2 118 (7.16%) Enterprise Software
3 104 (6.31%) Greenfield Project
4 82 (4.98%) Algorithms
5 69 (4.19%) Self-Motivation
6 60 (3.64%) Mobile App
7 57 (3.46%) Data Structures
8 45 (2.73%) Over-the-Top Content
9 34 (2.06%) Video\Live Streaming
10 27 (1.64%) Life Science
11 26 (1.58%) Social Network
12 25 (1.52%) Cloud Native
12 25 (1.52%) Social Media
13 24 (1.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 23 (1.40%) Virtual Team
15 21 (1.27%) Legacy Code
15 21 (1.27%) Public Cloud
15 21 (1.27%) Video on Demand
16 20 (1.21%) NHS
17 19 (1.15%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 115 (6.98%) Android
2 94 (5.70%) Linux
3 86 (5.22%) Apple iOS
4 53 (3.22%) Windows
5 51 (3.09%) Unix
6 11 (0.67%) Mesosphere
7 5 (0.30%) VMS
8 3 (0.18%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.18%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.12%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.12%) Tizen
9 2 (0.12%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,372 (83.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,273 (77.25%) TDD
3 681 (41.32%) CI/CD
4 579 (35.13%) Test Automation
5 553 (33.56%) Microservices
6 517 (31.37%) Software Engineering
7 497 (30.16%) DevOps
8 483 (29.31%) Scrum
9 462 (28.03%) Continuous Integration
10 311 (18.87%) Full Stack Development
11 241 (14.62%) Mentoring
12 217 (13.17%) Problem-Solving
13 207 (12.56%) SDLC
14 195 (11.83%) OO
15 192 (11.65%) Kanban
15 192 (11.65%) Software Testing
16 179 (10.86%) SOLID
17 166 (10.07%) Continuous Improvement
17 166 (10.07%) OOP
18 161 (9.77%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 737 (44.72%) Java
2 665 (40.35%) JavaScript
3 380 (23.06%) C#
4 374 (22.69%) SQL
5 368 (22.33%) Python
6 269 (16.32%) TypeScript
7 153 (9.28%) Java 8
8 115 (6.98%) Go
9 91 (5.52%) Ruby
10 86 (5.22%) Scala
11 75 (4.55%) Kotlin
12 71 (4.31%) PHP
13 70 (4.25%) Java 11
14 59 (3.58%) ES6
15 43 (2.61%) PowerShell
16 37 (2.25%) Bash
16 37 (2.25%) T-SQL
17 28 (1.70%) C
18 27 (1.64%) Clojure
19 23 (1.40%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 107 (6.49%) Degree
2 52 (3.16%) Computer Science Degree
3 28 (1.70%) Security Cleared
4 27 (1.64%) ISTQB
5 23 (1.40%) SC Cleared
6 19 (1.15%) Master's Degree
7 12 (0.73%) HND
7 12 (0.73%) ISEB
8 11 (0.67%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 4 (0.24%) AWS Certification
9 4 (0.24%) OCPJP
9 4 (0.24%) Oracle Certification
9 4 (0.24%) PMI Certification
9 4 (0.24%) Sun Certification
10 2 (0.12%) DV Cleared
11 1 (0.061%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 349 (21.18%) QA
2 33 (2.00%) Accessibility
3 7 (0.42%) GDPR
3 7 (0.42%) WAI
4 5 (0.30%) HIPAA
4 5 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.12%) PSD2
5 2 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 487 (29.55%) Docker
2 14 (0.85%) Postfix
3 9 (0.55%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.061%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 368 (22.33%) Kubernetes
2 137 (8.31%) Terraform
3 50 (3.03%) Ansible
4 43 (2.61%) Opscode Chef
5 42 (2.55%) Puppet
6 32 (1.94%) Kibana
7 27 (1.64%) Grafana
8 24 (1.46%) logstash
8 24 (1.46%) Opsgenie
9 16 (0.97%) Rancher
10 15 (0.91%) HAProxy
10 15 (0.91%) Istio
10 15 (0.91%) MIIS
10 15 (0.91%) Pingdom
10 15 (0.91%) ZABBIX
11 11 (0.67%) Automic
12 10 (0.61%) Prometheus
13 9 (0.55%) Graphite
13 9 (0.55%) Graylog
14 8 (0.49%) Consul
Vendors
1 112 (6.80%) Google
2 90 (5.46%) Microsoft
3 51 (3.09%) Oracle
4 28 (1.70%) Cognizant
5 23 (1.40%) LexisNexis
6 22 (1.33%) Apple
7 19 (1.15%) Splunk
8 16 (0.97%) Confluent
8 16 (0.97%) New Relic
8 16 (0.97%) Xamarin
9 15 (0.91%) Sun
10 14 (0.85%) Bloomberg
10 14 (0.85%) Murex
11 11 (0.67%) Civica
12 10 (0.61%) Databricks
12 10 (0.61%) MuleSoft
13 7 (0.42%) Elastic Path
14 6 (0.36%) Atlassian
14 6 (0.36%) Salesforce.com
15 4 (0.24%) Pega