Period
to 19 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Functional Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Testing over the 6 months to 19 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Functional Testing
England > London
6 months to
19 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 278 290 271
Rank change year-on-year +12 -19 -41
Contract jobs citing Functional Testing 424 356 385
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 0.92% 0.79% 0.82%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.05% 0.92% 0.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 264 231 246
London median daily rate £450 £413 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.09% -2.94% +1.19%
10th Percentile £305 £250 £256
90th Percentile £621 £613 £600
England median daily rate £425 £375 £360
% change year-on-year +13.33% +4.17% -4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
London median hourly rate £38.50 - -
England median hourly rate £37.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -11.76% +6.25% +33.33%

Functional Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 40213 38714 39399
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in London 86.99% 86.21% 83.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 29244 27790 28144
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £288
90th Percentile £670 £644 £638
England median daily rate £450 £425 £422
% change year-on-year +5.88% +0.62% +5.60%
Number of hourly rates quoted 374 399 477
London median hourly rate £22.50 £22.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +10.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £13.31 £12.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £52.35 £50.61 £50.00
England median hourly rate £23.75 £24.41 £22.50
% change year-on-year -2.70% +8.49% +18.42%

Functional Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Functional Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Testing in London

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Functional Testing in London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Functional Testing in London

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing in London over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Functional Testing in London

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing in London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Functional Testing in London

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing in London over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Functional Testing in London

Functional Testing
Contract Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing within the London region over the 6 months to 19 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +27 82 £448 +6.99% 7
West London -17 29 £411 +9.47% 1
South London -49 7 £366 -3.75%
East London -12 3 £390 -33.90% 2
Functional Testing
England

For the 6 months to 19 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Functional Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the London region with a requirement for Functional Testing.

1 198 (46.70%) Agile Software Development
2 191 (45.05%) Test Automation
3 112 (26.42%) User Acceptance Testing
4 102 (24.06%) JIRA
5 98 (23.11%) Finance
6 96 (22.64%) Banking
7 94 (22.17%) Scrum
8 93 (21.93%) Java
9 87 (20.52%) TDD
10 86 (20.28%) Cucumber
11 82 (19.34%) BDD
12 78 (18.40%) SQL
12 78 (18.40%) Test Scripting
13 76 (17.92%) Selenium
14 73 (17.22%) Non-Functional Testing
15 72 (16.98%) QA
16 70 (16.51%) Jenkins
17 69 (16.27%) Regression Testing
18 67 (15.80%) JavaScript
19 58 (13.68%) Web Services
20 52 (12.26%) XML
21 51 (12.03%) JSON
22 49 (11.56%) Continuous Integration
22 49 (11.56%) Linux
23 47 (11.08%) Python
23 47 (11.08%) HP Quality Center
24 46 (10.85%) Integration Testing
24 46 (10.85%) Exploratory Testing
25 45 (10.61%) Mobile App
26 43 (10.14%) RESTful

Functional Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (8.02%) Confluence
2 14 (3.30%) Elasticsearch
3 13 (3.07%) Apache
3 13 (3.07%) CMS
4 10 (2.36%) SAS
5 7 (1.65%) Tomcat
6 6 (1.42%) SharePoint
7 4 (0.94%) Apache Spark
8 3 (0.71%) MS Exchange
8 3 (0.71%) nginx
9 2 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 2 (0.47%) Drupal
9 2 (0.47%) NetWeaver
9 2 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.24%) IIS
10 1 (0.24%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.24%) Oracle Service Bus
10 1 (0.24%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 23 (5.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (5.19%) Microsoft Office
3 16 (3.77%) MS Visio
4 12 (2.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (1.65%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.47%) Mingle
6 2 (0.47%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 4 (0.94%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.71%) SunGard Martini
3 2 (0.47%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.47%) Minerva
3 2 (0.47%) Temenos T24
3 2 (0.47%) thinkFolio
4 1 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.24%) PeopleSoft CRM
4 1 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 18 (4.25%) Amazon AWS
2 9 (2.12%) Microsoft Azure
3 7 (1.65%) Google Play
3 7 (1.65%) Salesforce Service Cloud
4 3 (0.71%) Office 365
4 3 (0.71%) PaaS
5 2 (0.47%) Amazon EC2
5 2 (0.47%) AWS CloudFormation
5 2 (0.47%) BlazeMeter
5 2 (0.47%) BrowserStack
5 2 (0.47%) GitHub
5 2 (0.47%) iPaaS
5 2 (0.47%) npm
6 1 (0.24%) Amazon S3
6 1 (0.24%) Heroku
6 1 (0.24%) IaaS
6 1 (0.24%) Route 53
6 1 (0.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 10 (2.36%) Internet
2 8 (1.89%) HTTP
3 7 (1.65%) TCP/IP
4 5 (1.18%) Firewall
5 3 (0.71%) PBX
5 3 (0.71%) VoIP
6 2 (0.47%) DSL
6 2 (0.47%) WAAS
7 1 (0.24%) SMS
7 1 (0.24%) SSL
7 1 (0.24%) VLAN
7 1 (0.24%) VPN
7 1 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
7 1 (0.24%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (5.19%) Relational Database
2 13 (3.07%) NoSQL
3 12 (2.83%) Apache Cassandra
3 12 (2.83%) Big Data
3 12 (2.83%) PostgreSQL
4 11 (2.59%) MongoDB
4 11 (2.59%) MySQL
5 9 (2.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 7 (1.65%) MariaDB
6 7 (1.65%) Neo4j
6 7 (1.65%) Redis
7 6 (1.42%) Base SAS
7 6 (1.42%) SQL Server
8 5 (1.18%) Hadoop
9 4 (0.94%) Data Warehouse
10 2 (0.47%) Blockchain
10 2 (0.47%) Oracle Database
10 2 (0.47%) SAP HANA
11 1 (0.24%) Oracle Database 12c
11 1 (0.24%) Oracle ODI
Development Applications
1 102 (24.06%) JIRA
2 86 (20.28%) Cucumber
3 76 (17.92%) Selenium
4 70 (16.51%) Jenkins
5 42 (9.91%) Appium
6 35 (8.25%) TeamCity
7 33 (7.78%) Git (software)
8 29 (6.84%) JMeter
9 27 (6.37%) Maven
10 25 (5.90%) Calabash
11 22 (5.19%) Xcode
12 21 (4.95%) WebDriver
13 20 (4.72%) Zephyr
14 17 (4.01%) SoapUI
15 16 (3.77%) Gradle
16 14 (3.30%) JUnit
17 12 (2.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 12 (2.83%) CruiseControl
18 11 (2.59%) Protractor
19 10 (2.36%) SpecFlow
General
1 98 (23.11%) Finance
2 96 (22.64%) Banking
3 38 (8.96%) Investment Banking
4 36 (8.49%) Front Office
5 17 (4.01%) Retail
6 15 (3.54%) Back Office
7 11 (2.59%) Publishing
7 11 (2.59%) Retail Banking
8 5 (1.18%) Marketing
9 4 (0.94%) Legal
9 4 (0.94%) Multimedia
10 3 (0.71%) Advertising
11 2 (0.47%) Financial Institution
11 2 (0.47%) Law
11 2 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.24%) Electronics
12 1 (0.24%) Games
12 1 (0.24%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.24%) Private Banking
12 1 (0.24%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 159 (37.50%) Analyst
2 93 (21.93%) Test Analyst
3 90 (21.23%) Developer
4 80 (18.87%) Tester
5 43 (10.14%) Business Analyst
6 40 (9.43%) Developer in Test
7 37 (8.73%) Automation Tester
8 34 (8.02%) Java Developer
9 26 (6.13%) Test Manager
10 25 (5.90%) Automation Test Analyst
11 19 (4.48%) Senior Developer
12 17 (4.01%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 14 (3.30%) Functional Tester
14 13 (3.07%) Senior Analyst
15 12 (2.83%) Manual Tester
15 12 (2.83%) QA Analyst
15 12 (2.83%) QA Tester
15 12 (2.83%) Service Analyst
15 12 (2.83%) Test Automation Developer
16 11 (2.59%) GUI Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 58 (13.68%) Web Services
2 52 (12.26%) XML
3 51 (12.03%) JSON
4 43 (10.14%) RESTful
5 41 (9.67%) HTML
6 33 (7.78%) Gherkin
7 28 (6.60%) Spring
8 26 (6.13%) REST
8 26 (6.13%) SOAP
9 25 (5.90%) AngularJS
9 25 (5.90%) CSS
10 24 (5.66%) React
11 20 (4.72%) Kafka
11 20 (4.72%) Sass
12 17 (4.01%) .NET
12 17 (4.01%) HTML5
12 17 (4.01%) Semantic HTML
13 14 (3.30%) RESTEasy
13 14 (3.30%) Velocity
14 13 (3.07%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 45 (10.61%) Mobile App
2 32 (7.55%) Analytical Skills
3 30 (7.08%) Equities
4 28 (6.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 18 (4.25%) User Experience
6 17 (4.01%) Derivative
7 15 (3.54%) Fintech
8 13 (3.07%) Fixed Income
9 10 (2.36%) Management Information System
9 10 (2.36%) STB
9 10 (2.36%) Video on Demand
10 9 (2.12%) Data Structures
10 9 (2.12%) Linux Command Line
10 9 (2.12%) Video\Live Streaming
11 6 (1.42%) PlayStation
12 5 (1.18%) Digital TV
12 5 (1.18%) FMCG
12 5 (1.18%) Mobile Banking
12 5 (1.18%) OTC Derivatives
12 5 (1.18%) PDA
Operating Systems
1 49 (11.56%) Linux
2 34 (8.02%) Unix
3 23 (5.42%) Windows
4 17 (4.01%) Apple iOS
5 15 (3.54%) Android
6 7 (1.65%) Windows Server
7 5 (1.18%) Windows 10
8 3 (0.71%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.24%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 198 (46.70%) Agile Software Development
2 191 (45.05%) Test Automation
3 112 (26.42%) User Acceptance Testing
4 94 (22.17%) Scrum
5 87 (20.52%) TDD
6 82 (19.34%) BDD
7 78 (18.40%) Test Scripting
8 73 (17.22%) Non-Functional Testing
9 69 (16.27%) Regression Testing
10 49 (11.56%) Continuous Integration
11 46 (10.85%) Exploratory Testing
11 46 (10.85%) Integration Testing
12 42 (9.91%) Scenario Testing
13 40 (9.43%) System Integration Testing
14 38 (8.96%) Software Testing
15 37 (8.73%) Manual Testing
16 34 (8.02%) System Testing
17 32 (7.55%) Acceptance Criteria
18 29 (6.84%) Kanban
19 27 (6.37%) Defect Management
Programming Languages
1 93 (21.93%) Java
2 78 (18.40%) SQL
3 67 (15.80%) JavaScript
4 47 (11.08%) Python
5 29 (6.84%) Ruby
6 22 (5.19%) Shell Script
7 21 (4.95%) Apple Swift
8 20 (4.72%) C#
9 13 (3.07%) C
9 13 (3.07%) C++
10 12 (2.83%) Bash Shell
10 12 (2.83%) Perl
11 10 (2.36%) ES6
12 9 (2.12%) Korn
12 9 (2.12%) Objective-C
13 7 (1.65%) GraphQL
13 7 (1.65%) Groovy
13 7 (1.65%) Scala
14 5 (1.18%) PHP
15 4 (0.94%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 28 (6.60%) ISTQB
2 27 (6.37%) ISEB
2 27 (6.37%) Security Cleared
3 24 (5.66%) Degree
4 21 (4.95%) SC Cleared
5 15 (3.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 8 (1.89%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (1.42%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.94%) Master's Degree
9 3 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.47%) Computer Science Degree
10 2 (0.47%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (0.47%) PMP
11 1 (0.24%) CFA
11 1 (0.24%) ISEB Practitioner
11 1 (0.24%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 1 (0.24%) MBA
11 1 (0.24%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.24%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 72 (16.98%) QA
2 29 (6.84%) MiFID
3 6 (1.42%) EMIR
3 6 (1.42%) IFRS
3 6 (1.42%) IFRS 9
4 5 (1.18%) Dodd-Frank
5 4 (0.94%) GxP
6 2 (0.47%) COSO
6 2 (0.47%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.24%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.24%) ISO 8583
7 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.24%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.24%) PMO
7 1 (0.24%) WCAG
System Software
1 16 (3.77%) Docker
2 4 (0.94%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.71%) Varnish
4 2 (0.47%) Virtual Desktop
4 2 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
5 1 (0.24%) Samba
Systems Management
1 47 (11.08%) HP Quality Center
2 5 (1.18%) Ansible
2 5 (1.18%) SCCM
3 4 (0.94%) ITRS Geneos
4 3 (0.71%) Puppet
5 2 (0.47%) Consul
5 2 (0.47%) Forefront Identity Manager
5 2 (0.47%) Terraform
6 1 (0.24%) Business Desktop Deployment
6 1 (0.24%) Data Guard
6 1 (0.24%) Kubernetes
6 1 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.24%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 1 (0.24%) Packer
6 1 (0.24%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 30 (7.08%) HP
2 27 (6.37%) Microsoft
3 22 (5.19%) Oracle
4 15 (3.54%) Atlassian
5 10 (2.36%) Google
5 10 (2.36%) Salesforce.com
5 10 (2.36%) ServiceNow
6 9 (2.12%) Apple
6 9 (2.12%) Xamarin
7 8 (1.89%) SAP
8 7 (1.65%) Charles River
8 7 (1.65%) IBM
9 6 (1.42%) Citrix
10 4 (0.94%) Guidewire
10 4 (0.94%) Workday
11 3 (0.71%) Alcatel-Lucent
11 3 (0.71%) SunGard
12 2 (0.47%) CA Agile Central
12 2 (0.47%) Fidessa
12 2 (0.47%) Splunk