Period
to 5 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Functional Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Testing over the 6 months to 5 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Functional Testing
UK > England
6 months to
5 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 360 317 343
Rank change year-on-year -43 +26 -64
Contract jobs citing Functional Testing 343 727 704
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.62% 0.82% 0.75%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.73% 0.94% 0.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 202 387 440
Median daily rate £450 £423 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.51% -0.59% +10.39%
10th Percentile £305 £279 £288
90th Percentile £600 £575 £576
UK median daily rate £448 £418 £400
% change year-on-year +7.19% +4.38% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 18 8
Median hourly rate £35.50 £20.50 £54.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +73.17% -62.21% +40.00%
10th Percentile £13.05 £10.75 £33.45
90th Percentile £65.39 £45.75 £101.50
UK median hourly rate £35.50 £20.50 £43.50
% change year-on-year +73.17% -52.87% +12.26%

Functional Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 47,194 77,529 80,963
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.15% 87.48% 86.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,433 51,924 53,944
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +5.11%
10th Percentile £294 £305 £300
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,637 1,900 2,044
Median hourly rate £25.00 £24.91 £23.44
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.36% +6.28% -6.25%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.99 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.58 £51.25 £50.00
Median hourly rate £25.27 £24.96 £22.50
% change year-on-year +1.22% +10.93% -10.00%

Functional Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Functional Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Testing in England

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Functional Testing in England.

Daily rate trend for Functional Testing in England

Functional Testing
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Functional Testing in England over the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Functional Testing in England

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Functional Testing in England.

Hourly rate trend for Functional Testing in England

Functional Testing
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Functional Testing in England over the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Functional Testing in England

Functional Testing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 5 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +50 184 £475 +11.76% 29
South East +13 55 £500 +11.11% 12
North of England +42 50 £413 +8.55% 16
South West -33 27 £369 +5.36% 12
Yorkshire +45 20 £375 +7.14% 9
North West +10 19 £450 +12.50% 7
Midlands +27 14 £400 +10.34% 7
North East +36 11 £400 +41.59%
East of England -16 11 £501 +17.94% 8
West Midlands +38 9 £363 -11.04% 5
East Midlands +16 5 £450 +71.43% 2
Functional Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 5 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Functional Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Functional Testing.

1 176 (51.31%) Agile Software Development
2 135 (39.36%) Test Automation
3 108 (31.49%) Non-Functional Testing
4 72 (20.99%) DevOps
5 70 (20.41%) User Acceptance Testing
6 65 (18.95%) JIRA
7 59 (17.20%) Scrum
8 58 (16.91%) Security Cleared
8 58 (16.91%) Azure
9 57 (16.62%) Java
9 57 (16.62%) SQL
10 54 (15.74%) Selenium
11 52 (15.16%) QA
11 52 (15.16%) BDD
11 52 (15.16%) HTML
11 52 (15.16%) Microsoft
12 49 (14.29%) TDD
13 48 (13.99%) Continuous Integration
13 48 (13.99%) Analytical Skills
14 46 (13.41%) Scenario Testing
14 46 (13.41%) JavaScript
14 46 (13.41%) Finance
15 42 (12.24%) Regression Testing
15 42 (12.24%) SC Cleared
15 42 (12.24%) Git (software)
16 41 (11.95%) Test Scripting
16 41 (11.95%) Microservices
17 40 (11.66%) Integration Testing
18 39 (11.37%) Cucumber
18 39 (11.37%) Jenkins

Functional Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (9.04%) Confluence
2 14 (4.08%) SAS
3 7 (2.04%) SharePoint
4 6 (1.75%) Apache Spark
5 4 (1.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 2 (0.58%) SharePoint 2013
7 1 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 1 (0.29%) Anypoint
7 1 (0.29%) Drupal
7 1 (0.29%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (0.29%) IIS
7 1 (0.29%) nginx
7 1 (0.29%) OpenStack
7 1 (0.29%) Skype for Business
7 1 (0.29%) WebLogic
7 1 (0.29%) WebSphere
Applications
1 16 (4.66%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (3.79%) SPSS
3 10 (2.92%) Microsoft Office
4 7 (2.04%) MS Visio
5 5 (1.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.87%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.58%) Acrobat
7 2 (0.58%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.29%) PTC Creo
8 1 (0.29%) Siemens NX
8 1 (0.29%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 5 (1.46%) Maximo
2 4 (1.17%) Dynamics AX
2 4 (1.17%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.87%) Cognos TM1
3 3 (0.87%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.87%) Oracle Payables
3 3 (0.87%) Oracle Receivables
4 2 (0.58%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.58%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.29%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.29%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.29%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.29%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.29%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.29%) SAP BPC
5 1 (0.29%) SAP CO
5 1 (0.29%) SAP FI/CO
5 1 (0.29%) SAP IS-U
5 1 (0.29%) SimCorp Dimension
5 1 (0.29%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 58 (16.91%) Azure
2 32 (9.33%) AWS
3 21 (6.12%) Power Platform
4 17 (4.96%) GCP
4 17 (4.96%) GitHub
5 16 (4.66%) SaaS
6 14 (4.08%) Serverless
7 11 (3.21%) Azure Active Directory
8 10 (2.92%) IaaS
8 10 (2.92%) NuGet
8 10 (2.92%) PaaS
9 5 (1.46%) Amazon Kinesis
9 5 (1.46%) Dynamics 365
10 4 (1.17%) AWS CloudFormation
10 4 (1.17%) AWS Lambda
10 4 (1.17%) BrowserStack
10 4 (1.17%) Office 365
10 4 (1.17%) Slack
11 2 (0.58%) npm
11 2 (0.58%) ZenHub
Communications & Networking
1 11 (3.21%) DHCP
1 11 (3.21%) DNS
2 4 (1.17%) Cisco IOS
3 3 (0.87%) Ethernet
4 2 (0.58%) AMQP
4 2 (0.58%) Cisco ICM
4 2 (0.58%) Internet
5 1 (0.29%) 802.11
5 1 (0.29%) BGP
5 1 (0.29%) DSL
5 1 (0.29%) EIGRP
5 1 (0.29%) Firewall
5 1 (0.29%) ICMP
5 1 (0.29%) IPsec
5 1 (0.29%) PuTTY
5 1 (0.29%) Skype
5 1 (0.29%) Unified Communications
5 1 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
5 1 (0.29%) Wireless
5 1 (0.29%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (6.12%) Power BI
2 20 (5.83%) SQL Server
3 13 (3.79%) Data Warehouse
4 12 (3.50%) PostgreSQL
5 6 (1.75%) Big Data
6 4 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 4 (1.17%) MySQL
6 4 (1.17%) Oracle Database
6 4 (1.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 3 (0.87%) KDB
7 3 (0.87%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 2 (0.58%) Hadoop
8 2 (0.58%) Impala
8 2 (0.58%) NoSQL
8 2 (0.58%) Oracle Reports
9 1 (0.29%) Apache Hive
9 1 (0.29%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
9 1 (0.29%) Redis
9 1 (0.29%) Spark SQL
9 1 (0.29%) SQL Server 2017
Development Applications
1 65 (18.95%) JIRA
2 54 (15.74%) Selenium
3 42 (12.24%) Git (software)
4 39 (11.37%) Cucumber
4 39 (11.37%) Jenkins
5 29 (8.45%) JMeter
6 20 (5.83%) Team Foundation Server
7 16 (4.66%) Gatling
7 16 (4.66%) WebDriver
8 12 (3.50%) Katalon Studio
8 12 (3.50%) SoapUI
8 12 (3.50%) SonarQube
8 12 (3.50%) Visual Studio
8 12 (3.50%) Zephyr
9 11 (3.21%) HP UFT
9 11 (3.21%) TeamCity
10 10 (2.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 10 (2.92%) Bitbucket
10 10 (2.92%) Octopus Deploy
10 10 (2.92%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 46 (13.41%) Finance
2 24 (7.00%) Public Sector
3 21 (6.12%) Banking
4 13 (3.79%) Retail
5 7 (2.04%) Electronics
5 7 (2.04%) Legal
5 7 (2.04%) Marketing
5 7 (2.04%) Telecoms
6 5 (1.46%) General Ledger
6 5 (1.46%) Law
6 5 (1.46%) Manufacturing
7 4 (1.17%) Front Office
8 3 (0.87%) Advertising
8 3 (0.87%) Investment Banking
9 2 (0.58%) Back Office
9 2 (0.58%) Billing
9 2 (0.58%) Police
9 2 (0.58%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.29%) Games
10 1 (0.29%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 71 (20.70%) Analyst
2 65 (18.95%) Developer
3 60 (17.49%) Tester
4 48 (13.99%) Test Analyst
5 37 (10.79%) Test Engineer
6 26 (7.58%) Test Leader
7 24 (7.00%) Test Manager
8 22 (6.41%) React Developer
9 21 (6.12%) Automation Tester
9 21 (6.12%) Senior Developer
10 17 (4.96%) Java Developer
11 14 (4.08%) Consultant
11 14 (4.08%) Functional Tester
12 12 (3.50%) Senior UI Developer
12 12 (3.50%) UI Developer
13 11 (3.21%) Senior React Developer
14 10 (2.92%) Business Analyst
14 10 (2.92%) QA Analyst
14 10 (2.92%) Test Automation Engineer
15 9 (2.62%) Applications Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (15.16%) HTML
2 29 (8.45%) CSS
3 26 (7.58%) HTML5
4 24 (7.00%) Node.js
4 24 (7.00%) REST
5 23 (6.71%) React
5 23 (6.71%) RESTful
5 23 (6.71%) Web Services
6 21 (6.12%) Gherkin
7 18 (5.25%) Redux
8 14 (4.08%) Spring
9 13 (3.79%) Sass
9 13 (3.79%) SOAP
10 12 (3.50%) Kafka
10 12 (3.50%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 11 (3.21%) CSS3
11 11 (3.21%) Middleware
12 10 (2.92%) .NET
12 10 (2.92%) OAuth
12 10 (2.92%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 48 (13.99%) Analytical Skills
2 31 (9.04%) Mobile App
3 30 (8.75%) User Experience
4 12 (3.50%) Self-Motivation
5 11 (3.21%) SCORM
5 11 (3.21%) W3C
6 10 (2.92%) Cloud Native
7 9 (2.62%) Client/Server
7 9 (2.62%) EPoS
8 8 (2.33%) Linux Command Line
9 6 (1.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 4 (1.17%) NHS
10 4 (1.17%) Public Cloud
11 3 (0.87%) Data Centre
11 3 (0.87%) Enterprise Software
11 3 (0.87%) Greenfield Project
11 3 (0.87%) PDA
12 2 (0.58%) Social Media
12 2 (0.58%) Virtual Team
12 2 (0.58%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 38 (11.08%) Windows
2 37 (10.79%) Linux
3 25 (7.29%) Apple iOS
4 23 (6.71%) Android
5 7 (2.04%) Unix
6 4 (1.17%) Windows 10
7 3 (0.87%) CentOS
7 3 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.58%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.29%) Windows 7
9 1 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 176 (51.31%) Agile Software Development
2 135 (39.36%) Test Automation
3 108 (31.49%) Non-Functional Testing
4 72 (20.99%) DevOps
5 70 (20.41%) User Acceptance Testing
6 59 (17.20%) Scrum
7 52 (15.16%) BDD
8 49 (14.29%) TDD
9 48 (13.99%) Continuous Integration
10 46 (13.41%) Scenario Testing
11 42 (12.24%) Regression Testing
12 41 (11.95%) Microservices
12 41 (11.95%) Test Scripting
13 40 (11.66%) Integration Testing
14 36 (10.50%) Software Testing
15 35 (10.20%) SDLC
16 31 (9.04%) Waterfall
17 30 (8.75%) Test Management
18 28 (8.16%) Migration
19 27 (7.87%) Time Management
Programming Languages
1 57 (16.62%) Java
1 57 (16.62%) SQL
2 46 (13.41%) JavaScript
3 32 (9.33%) Python
4 22 (6.41%) C#
5 16 (4.66%) Scala
6 14 (4.08%) PowerShell
7 12 (3.50%) TypeScript
8 8 (2.33%) C
8 8 (2.33%) PHP
9 6 (1.75%) Java 8
10 5 (1.46%) Kotlin
11 4 (1.17%) Bash Shell
11 4 (1.17%) C++
11 4 (1.17%) ES6
11 4 (1.17%) PHP 7
11 4 (1.17%) VB.NET
12 3 (0.87%) Go
12 3 (0.87%) VBA
13 2 (0.58%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 58 (16.91%) Security Cleared
2 42 (12.24%) SC Cleared
3 35 (10.20%) ISTQB
4 31 (9.04%) ISEB
5 18 (5.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 12 (3.50%) Degree
7 11 (3.21%) DV Cleared
8 5 (1.46%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 4 (1.17%) ISEB Practitioner
10 3 (0.87%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (0.87%) CTC Cleared
11 2 (0.58%) CCVP
11 2 (0.58%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.29%) AAT
12 1 (0.29%) ACCA
12 1 (0.29%) CCNA
12 1 (0.29%) CCNP
12 1 (0.29%) CIMA
12 1 (0.29%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (15.16%) QA
2 15 (4.37%) WCAG
3 4 (1.17%) EMIR
4 3 (0.87%) SEPA
5 2 (0.58%) ISO 20022
5 2 (0.58%) PMO
6 1 (0.29%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.29%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 22 (6.41%) Docker
2 14 (4.08%) Active Directory
3 10 (2.92%) vSphere
4 1 (0.29%) Firmware
4 1 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 17 (4.96%) Ansible
1 17 (4.96%) Kubernetes
2 12 (3.50%) Terraform
3 5 (1.46%) HP Quality Center
4 2 (0.58%) Cisco UCCE
4 2 (0.58%) Cisco UCCX
4 2 (0.58%) HP ALM
4 2 (0.58%) Nessus
4 2 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (0.58%) Puppet
5 1 (0.29%) SCCM
Vendors
1 52 (15.16%) Microsoft
2 34 (9.91%) Oracle
3 19 (5.54%) SAP
4 9 (2.62%) Google
4 9 (2.62%) HP
5 7 (2.04%) IBM
6 6 (1.75%) Cisco
6 6 (1.75%) Databricks
7 5 (1.46%) Atlassian
7 5 (1.46%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (0.87%) Adobe
8 3 (0.87%) Cognos
8 3 (0.87%) hybris
8 3 (0.87%) Splunk
9 2 (0.58%) Altera
9 2 (0.58%) Apple
9 2 (0.58%) BT
9 2 (0.58%) Intapp
9 2 (0.58%) Xamarin
9 2 (0.58%) Xilinx