Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Functional Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Testing over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Functional Testing
UK > England
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 320 296 262
Rank change year-on-year -24 -34 +2
Contract jobs citing Functional Testing 746 809 983
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.79% 0.84% 0.94%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.94% 0.99% 1.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 455 496 592
England median daily rate £425 £375 £359
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +13.33% +4.53% -4.33%
10th Percentile £266 £225 £250
90th Percentile £594 £550 £540
UK median daily rate £411 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +9.47% +7.14% -6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 14
England median hourly rate £37.50 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.76% +6.25% +33.33%
10th Percentile £16.55 £33.78 £27.40
90th Percentile £55.13 £48.33 £53.00
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -11.76% +6.25% +32.78%

Functional Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79631 81325 85624
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.67% 84.17% 81.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 53568 54246 56450
England median daily rate £450 £425 £423
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +0.59% +5.63%
10th Percentile £288 £265 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1862 2110 2524
England median hourly rate £24.00 £24.42 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.72% +8.53% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.35 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £23.63 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -1.56% +6.67% +18.42%

Functional Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Functional Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Testing in England

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Functional Testing in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Functional Testing in England

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing in England over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Functional Testing in England

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Functional Testing in England

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing in England over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Functional Testing in England

Functional Testing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +18 426 £450 +9.09% 32
South East -22 134 £375 +7.14% 8
Midlands -8 63 £350 -9.09% 6
West Midlands +11 45 £350 -1.75% 3
South West +2 44 £375 +15.38% 3
East of England -4 42 £400 +23.08% 7
North of England -19 33 £363 +9.85% 17
North West +4 21 £363 +11.54% 13
East Midlands -7 18 £350 -23.08% 3
Yorkshire -22 11 £365 -8.75% 4
North East +37 1 - -
Functional Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Functional Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Functional Testing.

1 342 (45.84%) Test Automation
2 339 (45.44%) Agile Software Development
3 183 (24.53%) JIRA
4 169 (22.65%) User Acceptance Testing
5 168 (22.52%) Finance
6 166 (22.25%) Java
6 166 (22.25%) Test Scripting
7 161 (21.58%) SQL
8 153 (20.51%) Non-Functional Testing
9 148 (19.84%) Scrum
10 144 (19.30%) TDD
11 142 (19.03%) QA
12 140 (18.77%) Selenium
13 136 (18.23%) BDD
14 127 (17.02%) Banking
15 125 (16.76%) Regression Testing
16 124 (16.62%) Cucumber
17 106 (14.21%) Jenkins
18 98 (13.14%) Continuous Integration
19 95 (12.73%) JavaScript
20 86 (11.53%) Scenario Testing
21 84 (11.26%) Web Services
22 82 (10.99%) Mobile App
23 80 (10.72%) Git (software)
24 77 (10.32%) ISTQB
24 77 (10.32%) Software Testing
25 75 (10.05%) Integration Testing
26 74 (9.92%) Degree
27 72 (9.65%) Manual Testing
27 72 (9.65%) HP Quality Center

Functional Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (7.91%) Confluence
2 17 (2.28%) CMS
2 17 (2.28%) Elasticsearch
2 17 (2.28%) Tomcat
3 15 (2.01%) Apache Spark
4 13 (1.74%) Apache
4 13 (1.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 11 (1.47%) GlassFish
5 11 (1.47%) JBoss
5 11 (1.47%) SharePoint
5 11 (1.47%) WildFly
6 10 (1.34%) SAS
7 4 (0.54%) Documentum
7 4 (0.54%) IIS
7 4 (0.54%) NetWeaver
7 4 (0.54%) WebSphere
8 3 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.40%) MS Exchange
8 3 (0.40%) nginx
9 2 (0.27%) K2 blackpearl
Applications
1 30 (4.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (3.35%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (2.41%) MS Visio
4 14 (1.88%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 9 (1.21%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.27%) Mingle
6 2 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.13%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 10 (1.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.94%) Maximo
3 5 (0.67%) SAP CO
3 5 (0.67%) SAP FI
3 5 (0.67%) SAP FI/CO
3 5 (0.67%) SAP MM
4 3 (0.40%) SAP HCM
4 3 (0.40%) SunGard Martini
5 2 (0.27%) Actimize
5 2 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.27%) Minerva
5 2 (0.27%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.27%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 2 (0.27%) Temenos T24
5 2 (0.27%) thinkFolio
6 1 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 34 (4.56%) Amazon AWS
2 17 (2.28%) GitHub
3 13 (1.74%) Microsoft Azure
4 9 (1.21%) Sauce Labs
5 8 (1.07%) Google Play
6 7 (0.94%) Salesforce Service Cloud
7 6 (0.80%) BlazeMeter
8 5 (0.67%) Force.com
9 4 (0.54%) BrowserStack
9 4 (0.54%) PaaS
10 3 (0.40%) Office 365
11 2 (0.27%) Amazon EC2
11 2 (0.27%) AWS CloudFormation
11 2 (0.27%) Dynamics 365
11 2 (0.27%) Google Cloud Platform
11 2 (0.27%) iPaaS
11 2 (0.27%) npm
11 2 (0.27%) OpenShift
12 1 (0.13%) Amazon S3
12 1 (0.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 30 (4.02%) Internet
2 17 (2.28%) HTTP
3 7 (0.94%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.67%) Firewall
5 4 (0.54%) IP Telephony
5 4 (0.54%) Wi-Fi
6 3 (0.40%) DSL
6 3 (0.40%) PBX
6 3 (0.40%) SMS
6 3 (0.40%) VoIP
6 3 (0.40%) Wireless
7 2 (0.27%) DHCP
7 2 (0.27%) DNS
7 2 (0.27%) VPN
7 2 (0.27%) WAAS
8 1 (0.13%) DVB
8 1 (0.13%) Skype
8 1 (0.13%) SSL
8 1 (0.13%) VLAN
8 1 (0.13%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (4.29%) Big Data
2 30 (4.02%) SQL Server
3 29 (3.89%) Relational Database
4 26 (3.49%) PostgreSQL
5 25 (3.35%) Apache Cassandra
5 25 (3.35%) Hadoop
5 25 (3.35%) MySQL
5 25 (3.35%) NoSQL
5 25 (3.35%) Redis
6 23 (3.08%) MongoDB
7 10 (1.34%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 8 (1.07%) Data Warehouse
8 8 (1.07%) Neo4j
9 7 (0.94%) MariaDB
10 6 (0.80%) Base SAS
10 6 (0.80%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 5 (0.67%) SQL Server 2012
12 4 (0.54%) Oracle BI EE
12 4 (0.54%) Oracle Database
12 4 (0.54%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 183 (24.53%) JIRA
2 140 (18.77%) Selenium
3 124 (16.62%) Cucumber
4 106 (14.21%) Jenkins
5 80 (10.72%) Git (software)
6 57 (7.64%) Appium
7 49 (6.57%) WebDriver
8 39 (5.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 39 (5.23%) JMeter
8 39 (5.23%) TeamCity
9 38 (5.09%) Maven
10 36 (4.83%) SoapUI
11 31 (4.16%) Calabash
12 30 (4.02%) JUnit
13 28 (3.75%) HP UFT
14 23 (3.08%) Xcode
14 23 (3.08%) Zephyr
15 21 (2.82%) SpecFlow
16 20 (2.68%) Team Foundation Server
17 19 (2.55%) JBehave
General
1 168 (22.52%) Finance
2 127 (17.02%) Banking
3 49 (6.57%) Retail
4 43 (5.76%) Front Office
5 39 (5.23%) Investment Banking
6 26 (3.49%) Retail Banking
7 23 (3.08%) Back Office
8 16 (2.14%) Telecoms
9 12 (1.61%) Corporate Banking
10 11 (1.47%) Publishing
11 9 (1.21%) Legal
11 9 (1.21%) Manufacturing
12 7 (0.94%) Advertising
13 5 (0.67%) Marketing
14 4 (0.54%) Multimedia
15 3 (0.40%) Financial Institution
15 3 (0.40%) Law
15 3 (0.40%) Military
16 2 (0.27%) Electronics
16 2 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 265 (35.52%) Analyst
2 190 (25.47%) Test Analyst
3 149 (19.97%) Tester
4 136 (18.23%) Developer
5 62 (8.31%) Automation Tester
6 49 (6.57%) Java Developer
7 48 (6.43%) Test Manager
8 47 (6.30%) Business Analyst
9 43 (5.76%) Developer in Test
10 36 (4.83%) Senior Developer
11 35 (4.69%) Automation Test Analyst
12 34 (4.56%) QA Tester
13 27 (3.62%) Test Engineer
14 24 (3.22%) Functional Tester
14 24 (3.22%) Test Leader
15 22 (2.95%) Senior Analyst
16 19 (2.55%) QA Engineer
17 17 (2.28%) Consultant
17 17 (2.28%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 17 (2.28%) Service Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 84 (11.26%) Web Services
2 71 (9.52%) RESTful
3 67 (8.98%) JSON
4 62 (8.31%) XML
5 55 (7.37%) SOAP
6 51 (6.84%) REST
7 47 (6.30%) HTML
8 45 (6.03%) Gherkin
8 45 (6.03%) Spring
9 36 (4.83%) .NET
10 31 (4.16%) AngularJS
11 30 (4.02%) CSS
12 25 (3.35%) React
12 25 (3.35%) RESTEasy
13 24 (3.22%) Spring Boot
14 23 (3.08%) Hibernate
15 22 (2.95%) Node.js
16 21 (2.82%) JAX-RS
16 21 (2.82%) Kafka
16 21 (2.82%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 82 (10.99%) Mobile App
2 45 (6.03%) Analytical Skills
3 31 (4.16%) Equities
4 30 (4.02%) User Experience
5 28 (3.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 18 (2.41%) Derivative
7 17 (2.28%) Fintech
8 16 (2.14%) Management Information System
9 13 (1.74%) Fixed Income
10 11 (1.47%) Linux Command Line
10 11 (1.47%) STB
10 11 (1.47%) Video on Demand
11 10 (1.34%) Computer Science
11 10 (1.34%) Video\Live Streaming
12 9 (1.21%) Data Structures
13 7 (0.94%) Client/Server
13 7 (0.94%) Enterprise Software
14 6 (0.80%) Device Driver
14 6 (0.80%) Digital TV
14 6 (0.80%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 68 (9.12%) Linux
2 51 (6.84%) Unix
3 47 (6.30%) Windows
4 43 (5.76%) Apple iOS
5 42 (5.63%) Android
6 12 (1.61%) Mac OS X
7 7 (0.94%) Windows 10
7 7 (0.94%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.67%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.13%) CentOS
9 1 (0.13%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 342 (45.84%) Test Automation
2 339 (45.44%) Agile Software Development
3 169 (22.65%) User Acceptance Testing
4 166 (22.25%) Test Scripting
5 153 (20.51%) Non-Functional Testing
6 148 (19.84%) Scrum
7 144 (19.30%) TDD
8 136 (18.23%) BDD
9 125 (16.76%) Regression Testing
10 98 (13.14%) Continuous Integration
11 86 (11.53%) Scenario Testing
12 77 (10.32%) Software Testing
13 75 (10.05%) Integration Testing
14 72 (9.65%) Manual Testing
15 67 (8.98%) System Testing
16 66 (8.85%) System Integration Testing
17 62 (8.31%) Exploratory Testing
18 59 (7.91%) SDLC
18 59 (7.91%) Test Strategy
19 57 (7.64%) Performance Testing
Programming Languages
1 166 (22.25%) Java
2 161 (21.58%) SQL
3 95 (12.73%) JavaScript
4 56 (7.51%) Python
5 44 (5.90%) C#
6 40 (5.36%) Ruby
7 34 (4.56%) Apple Swift
8 24 (3.22%) Shell Script
9 21 (2.82%) C
9 21 (2.82%) Scala
10 18 (2.41%) C++
11 16 (2.14%) Perl
12 12 (1.61%) Bash Shell
12 12 (1.61%) ES6
13 10 (1.34%) Objective-C
14 9 (1.21%) Groovy
14 9 (1.21%) Korn
15 8 (1.07%) GraphQL
15 8 (1.07%) VBScript
16 7 (0.94%) ABAP
Qualifications
1 77 (10.32%) ISTQB
2 74 (9.92%) Degree
3 62 (8.31%) ISEB
4 58 (7.77%) Security Cleared
5 44 (5.90%) SC Cleared
6 38 (5.09%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 10 (1.34%) Master's Degree
8 9 (1.21%) BPSS Clearance
8 9 (1.21%) DV Cleared
9 6 (0.80%) Computer Science Degree
10 3 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
10 3 (0.40%) PMP
11 2 (0.27%) CCNA
11 2 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.27%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 2 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.27%) PMI Certification
12 1 (0.13%) IIBA
12 1 (0.13%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 1 (0.13%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 142 (19.03%) QA
2 32 (4.29%) MiFID
3 6 (0.80%) EMIR
3 6 (0.80%) IFRS
3 6 (0.80%) IFRS 9
4 5 (0.67%) Dodd-Frank
4 5 (0.67%) GxP
5 3 (0.40%) PMO
6 2 (0.27%) COSO
6 2 (0.27%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.27%) SLA
6 2 (0.27%) WCAG
7 1 (0.13%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.13%) ISO 8583
7 1 (0.13%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 15288
7 1 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.13%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.13%) SEPA
7 1 (0.13%) TickIT
System Software
1 41 (5.50%) Docker
2 5 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
3 4 (0.54%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.40%) Varnish
5 2 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
6 1 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.13%) Samba
Systems Management
1 72 (9.65%) HP Quality Center
2 8 (1.07%) Ansible
3 5 (0.67%) SCCM
4 4 (0.54%) ITRS Geneos
5 3 (0.40%) Data Guard
5 3 (0.40%) Kibana
5 3 (0.40%) Puppet
5 3 (0.40%) Terraform
6 2 (0.27%) Consul
6 2 (0.27%) Forefront Identity Manager
6 2 (0.27%) logstash
7 1 (0.13%) Business Desktop Deployment
7 1 (0.13%) Grafana
7 1 (0.13%) HAProxy
7 1 (0.13%) Kubernetes
7 1 (0.13%) Marathon
7 1 (0.13%) Mesos
7 1 (0.13%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.13%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 1 (0.13%) Packer
Vendors
1 65 (8.71%) HP
2 59 (7.91%) Microsoft
3 58 (7.77%) Oracle
4 32 (4.29%) SAP
5 24 (3.22%) Atlassian
6 17 (2.28%) Salesforce.com
7 13 (1.74%) Google
7 13 (1.74%) ServiceNow
8 12 (1.61%) Xamarin
9 10 (1.34%) Apple
10 9 (1.21%) IBM
10 9 (1.21%) Remedy
11 7 (0.94%) Charles River
11 7 (0.94%) Citrix
11 7 (0.94%) Workday
12 6 (0.80%) Huawei
13 5 (0.67%) Guidewire
14 3 (0.40%) Alcatel-Lucent
14 3 (0.40%) SunGard
14 3 (0.40%) VMware