Period
to 12 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Workflow skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Workflow over the 6 months to 12 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Workflow
UK
6 months to
12 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 137 134 153
Rank change year-on-year -3 +19 -4
Contract jobs citing Workflow 1,166 820 1,661
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.90% 1.87% 1.83%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.17% 2.18% 2.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 738 500 1,083
10th Percentile £335 £325 £313
25th Percentile £413 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £495 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year -1.00% +5.26% +4.97%
75th Percentile £570 £588 £575
90th Percentile £664 £700 £653
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £463
% change year-on-year -5.26% +2.70% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 36 22
10th Percentile £11.40 £18.38 £10.00
25th Percentile £14.88 £20.50 £15.60
Median hourly rate £21.00 £50.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -58.00% +122.22% -10.00%
75th Percentile £26.50 £57.00 £25.63
90th Percentile £64.00 £68.75 £34.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £50.00 £10.00
% change year-on-year -62.00% +400.00% -63.84%

Workflow is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 53,850 37,609 79,138
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 87.83% 85.86% 87.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 36,767 25,102 52,923
10th Percentile £313 £300 £303
25th Percentile £400 £388 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,517 1,091 2,043
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.50 £11.80
25th Percentile £15.17 £16.13 £14.28
Median hourly rate £25.00 £22.50 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% - +12.50%
75th Percentile £47.50 £46.00 £44.50
90th Percentile £60.00 £55.00 £51.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.22 £20.50 £22.75
% change year-on-year +8.39% -9.89% +19.74%

Workflow
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Workflow as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Workflow in the UK

Workflow
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Workflow.

Daily rate trend for Workflow in the UK

Workflow
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Workflow over the 6 months to 12 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Workflow in the UK

Workflow
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Workflow.

Hourly rate trend for Workflow in the UK

Workflow
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Workflow over the 6 months to 12 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Workflow in the UK

Workflow
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Workflow within the UK over the 6 months to 12 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -21 886 £500 - 285
London -25 511 £525 - 113
Work from Home -31 378 £483 +4.32% 50
UK excluding London -7 365 £450 -5.26% 185
South East 0 116 £460 +2.22% 52
North of England -26 59 £440 +3.53% 44
Scotland -1 53 £425 -15.00% 9
Midlands -14 49 £450 +5.88% 33
South West +23 38 £425 -10.53% 28
West Midlands -9 38 £463 +3.93% 16
East of England +16 36 £506 +5.19% 16
North West -28 29 £500 +33.33% 24
Yorkshire +9 25 £270 -48.57% 13
Wales +10 13 £494 - 4
East Midlands +1 11 £364 -6.13% 17
North East -2 5 £450 +12.50% 7
Northern Ireland +2 2 £100 -

For the 6 months to 12 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Workflow also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Workflow.

1 415 (35.59%) Agile Software Development
2 263 (22.56%) Social Skills
3 215 (18.44%) Finance
4 203 (17.41%) SQL
5 192 (16.47%) Java
6 178 (15.27%) JavaScript
7 161 (13.81%) DevOps
8 155 (13.29%) JIRA
9 154 (13.21%) Python
10 153 (13.12%) Azure
11 134 (11.49%) Analytics
11 134 (11.49%) Problem-Solving
12 127 (10.89%) Migration
13 124 (10.63%) Scrum
13 124 (10.63%) AWS
14 118 (10.12%) Security Cleared
15 117 (10.03%) Microsoft
16 116 (9.95%) Analytical Skills
17 114 (9.78%) HTML
18 100 (8.58%) Git (software)
18 100 (8.58%) Degree
19 95 (8.15%) SC Cleared
19 95 (8.15%) C#
20 93 (7.98%) Oracle
20 93 (7.98%) Banking
21 91 (7.80%) REST
22 90 (7.72%) XML
23 89 (7.63%) Public Sector
24 87 (7.46%) User Experience
25 86 (7.38%) Linux

Workflow
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 62 (5.32%) Confluence
2 57 (4.89%) Oracle Workflow
3 55 (4.72%) SharePoint
4 41 (3.52%) Apache Airflow
5 35 (3.00%) Apache Spark
6 29 (2.49%) Apache
7 27 (2.32%) Elasticsearch
8 18 (1.54%) Luigi
9 17 (1.46%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 15 (1.29%) CMS
11 14 (1.20%) IIS
12 13 (1.11%) SAS
13 11 (0.94%) SharePoint 2010
13 11 (0.94%) WebLogic
14 10 (0.86%) Liferay
15 9 (0.77%) Camunda
15 9 (0.77%) WebSphere
16 7 (0.60%) SharePoint 2013
17 6 (0.51%) SAP Portal
18 5 (0.43%) FileNet
Applications
1 43 (3.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (2.83%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (1.80%) MS Visio
4 17 (1.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.94%) Chatbot
5 11 (0.94%) InfoPath
6 8 (0.69%) Microsoft Project
6 8 (0.69%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.51%) Adobe Illustrator
7 6 (0.51%) Sketch
8 5 (0.43%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.34%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 4 (0.34%) MicroStation
10 2 (0.17%) Autodesk Flame
10 2 (0.17%) CINEMA 4D
10 2 (0.17%) Figma
10 2 (0.17%) Maya
10 2 (0.17%) NUKE
10 2 (0.17%) SPSS
11 1 (0.086%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 31 (2.66%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (1.29%) SAP S/4HANA
3 14 (1.20%) Oracle EBS
4 13 (1.11%) Dynamics NAV
5 12 (1.03%) Oracle EBS R12
6 11 (0.94%) Oracle General Ledger
7 8 (0.69%) Oracle Assets
7 8 (0.69%) SAP FSCM
8 7 (0.60%) Oracle Payables
8 7 (0.60%) Remedy AR System
8 7 (0.60%) Remedy ITSM
8 7 (0.60%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 6 (0.51%) Oracle Applications
9 6 (0.51%) SAP MDG
9 6 (0.51%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 6 (0.51%) SAP PSCD
10 5 (0.43%) SunGard Martini
10 5 (0.43%) thinkFolio
10 5 (0.43%) Workday HCM
11 4 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
Cloud Services
1 153 (13.12%) Azure
2 124 (10.63%) AWS
3 84 (7.20%) Power Platform
4 53 (4.55%) GCP
5 51 (4.37%) Serverless
6 45 (3.86%) Microsoft 365
7 38 (3.26%) GitHub
8 34 (2.92%) Dynamics 365
9 32 (2.74%) Amazon S3
10 30 (2.57%) Power Automate
11 27 (2.32%) Slack
12 25 (2.14%) Azure Logic Apps
12 25 (2.14%) PaaS
13 24 (2.06%) Amazon SQS
14 23 (1.97%) PowerApps
15 21 (1.80%) AWS Step Functions
16 20 (1.72%) Azure Active Directory
16 20 (1.72%) Azure Functions
17 18 (1.54%) Amazon EC2
17 18 (1.54%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 18 (1.54%) DNS
1 18 (1.54%) TCP/IP
2 16 (1.37%) Internet
3 13 (1.11%) Intranet
4 9 (0.77%) Firewall
5 8 (0.69%) RTMP
6 6 (0.51%) HTTP
6 6 (0.51%) SMTP
7 5 (0.43%) DHCP
7 5 (0.43%) SMS
7 5 (0.43%) VSAN
8 4 (0.34%) POP3
8 4 (0.34%) Radio Access Network
8 4 (0.34%) SSL
8 4 (0.34%) Wireless
9 3 (0.26%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.26%) NAS
9 3 (0.26%) Network Security
9 3 (0.26%) SAN
9 3 (0.26%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (6.95%) SQL Server
2 63 (5.40%) Power BI
3 51 (4.37%) Relational Database
4 50 (4.29%) PostgreSQL
5 38 (3.26%) NoSQL
6 33 (2.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 33 (2.83%) Oracle Database
6 33 (2.83%) Tableau
7 30 (2.57%) Big Data
8 25 (2.14%) Amazon RDS
9 23 (1.97%) Amazon Redshift
9 23 (1.97%) Data Warehouse
10 22 (1.89%) Apache Cassandra
10 22 (1.89%) Hadoop
11 21 (1.80%) Oracle Database 12c
12 20 (1.72%) Oracle Reports
12 20 (1.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 20 (1.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 19 (1.63%) Data Lake
14 18 (1.54%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 155 (13.29%) JIRA
2 100 (8.58%) Git (software)
3 72 (6.17%) Jenkins
4 33 (2.83%) GitLab
5 31 (2.66%) Artifactory
6 27 (2.32%) TeamCity
7 26 (2.23%) Maven
8 24 (2.06%) JUnit
9 23 (1.97%) Cucumber
10 18 (1.54%) Visual Studio
11 16 (1.37%) Bitbucket
11 16 (1.37%) Oracle APEX
11 16 (1.37%) Sonatype Nexus
12 15 (1.29%) Mockito
12 15 (1.29%) Octopus Deploy
12 15 (1.29%) Selenium
12 15 (1.29%) SonarQube
13 14 (1.20%) Eclipse
14 13 (1.11%) Jasmine
15 11 (0.94%) Oracle Forms
General
1 263 (22.56%) Social Skills
2 215 (18.44%) Finance
3 116 (9.95%) Analytical Skills
4 93 (7.98%) Banking
5 89 (7.63%) Public Sector
6 55 (4.72%) Marketing
7 46 (3.95%) Presentation Skills
8 41 (3.52%) Investment Banking
9 29 (2.49%) Influencing Skills
10 27 (2.32%) Legal
11 24 (2.06%) Publishing
12 23 (1.97%) Telecoms
13 20 (1.72%) Front Office
14 19 (1.63%) Billing
14 19 (1.63%) Retail
15 17 (1.46%) Back Office
16 13 (1.11%) Documentation Skills
17 12 (1.03%) Organisational Skills
17 12 (1.03%) Retail Banking
18 11 (0.94%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 329 (28.22%) Developer
2 151 (12.95%) Analyst
3 95 (8.15%) Consultant
4 94 (8.06%) Architect
5 85 (7.29%) Business Analyst
6 56 (4.80%) Project Manager
7 45 (3.86%) Java Developer
8 39 (3.34%) Designer
9 37 (3.17%) User Researcher
10 36 (3.09%) Senior Developer
11 33 (2.83%) DevOps Engineer
12 29 (2.49%) Administrator
13 28 (2.40%) Data Engineer
13 28 (2.40%) ServiceNow Developer
14 26 (2.23%) Solutions Architect
15 21 (1.80%) Data Analyst
15 21 (1.80%) Python Developer
16 20 (1.72%) Cloud Engineer
16 20 (1.72%) Software Engineer
16 20 (1.72%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 114 (9.78%) HTML
2 91 (7.80%) REST
3 90 (7.72%) XML
4 86 (7.38%) .NET
5 84 (7.20%) CSS
6 79 (6.78%) Web Services
7 74 (6.35%) AngularJS
8 69 (5.92%) JSON
9 62 (5.32%) RESTful
10 58 (4.97%) Spring
11 43 (3.69%) React
12 41 (3.52%) SOAP
13 38 (3.26%) Visualforce
14 37 (3.17%) Kafka
15 35 (3.00%) J2EE
16 30 (2.57%) Swagger
17 28 (2.40%) HTML5
17 28 (2.40%) LDAP
18 25 (2.14%) ASP.NET
19 24 (2.06%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 87 (7.46%) User Experience
2 49 (4.20%) Management Information System
3 38 (3.26%) Data Structures
3 38 (3.26%) Self-Motivation
4 34 (2.92%) Virtual Team
5 30 (2.57%) NHS
6 29 (2.49%) Algorithms
6 29 (2.49%) Cloud Native
7 28 (2.40%) Data Centre
8 17 (1.46%) Greenfield Project
9 16 (1.37%) CMDB
10 15 (1.29%) Client/Server
11 13 (1.11%) Enterprise Software
11 13 (1.11%) Public Cloud
12 12 (1.03%) Derivative
12 12 (1.03%) Fixed Income
12 12 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 11 (0.94%) Life Science
14 9 (0.77%) Blog
14 9 (0.77%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 86 (7.38%) Linux
2 78 (6.69%) Windows
3 55 (4.72%) Unix
4 30 (2.57%) Windows Server
5 13 (1.11%) CentOS
5 13 (1.11%) Windows Server 2016
6 11 (0.94%) AIX
6 11 (0.94%) Windows Server 2019
7 6 (0.51%) Apple iOS
7 6 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
8 5 (0.43%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 4 (0.34%) Windows 7
10 3 (0.26%) Android
10 3 (0.26%) Solaris
10 3 (0.26%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.17%) Windows 8
11 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2003
12 1 (0.086%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 415 (35.59%) Agile Software Development
2 161 (13.81%) DevOps
3 134 (11.49%) Analytics
3 134 (11.49%) Problem-Solving
4 127 (10.89%) Migration
5 124 (10.63%) Scrum
6 86 (7.38%) TDD
7 82 (7.03%) Project Management
8 80 (6.86%) Test Automation
9 78 (6.69%) Business Intelligence
10 74 (6.35%) CRM
10 74 (6.35%) Microservices
11 72 (6.17%) Business Analysis
12 70 (6.00%) Software Engineering
13 62 (5.32%) User Acceptance Testing
14 60 (5.15%) Stakeholder Management
15 59 (5.06%) Validation
16 58 (4.97%) Workflow Management
17 57 (4.89%) Change Management
17 57 (4.89%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 203 (17.41%) SQL
2 192 (16.47%) Java
3 178 (15.27%) JavaScript
4 154 (13.21%) Python
5 95 (8.15%) C#
6 78 (6.69%) PowerShell
7 38 (3.26%) Scala
8 37 (3.17%) Apex Code
9 35 (3.00%) TypeScript
10 34 (2.92%) C++
11 30 (2.57%) PL/SQL
12 28 (2.40%) Bash Shell
13 27 (2.32%) Java 8
14 22 (1.89%) C
15 18 (1.54%) Shell Script
16 17 (1.46%) ABAP
17 15 (1.29%) Perl
17 15 (1.29%) PHP
18 14 (1.20%) Ruby
18 14 (1.20%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 118 (10.12%) Security Cleared
2 100 (8.58%) Degree
3 95 (8.15%) SC Cleared
4 26 (2.23%) Computer Science Degree
5 17 (1.46%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (0.69%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.43%) PMI Certification
7 5 (0.43%) PMP
7 5 (0.43%) PRINCE2 Certification
8 4 (0.34%) DV Cleared
8 4 (0.34%) ISTQB
8 4 (0.34%) MBA
8 4 (0.34%) MCSE
8 4 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.26%) DBS Check
9 3 (0.26%) ISEB
9 3 (0.26%) Six Sigma Green Belt
10 2 (0.17%) ACCA
10 2 (0.17%) CCA
10 2 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 71 (6.09%) QA
2 35 (3.00%) Accessibility
3 30 (2.57%) Data Quality
4 12 (1.03%) PCI DSS
4 12 (1.03%) WCAG
5 10 (0.86%) PMO
5 10 (0.86%) SLA
6 7 (0.60%) GDPR
7 4 (0.34%) GRC
7 4 (0.34%) MiFID
8 3 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
8 3 (0.26%) IFRS
9 2 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
9 2 (0.17%) GAAP
10 1 (0.086%) COREP
10 1 (0.086%) Dublin Core
10 1 (0.086%) GxP
10 1 (0.086%) HL7
10 1 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.086%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 67 (5.75%) Docker
2 64 (5.49%) Active Directory
3 21 (1.80%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (0.86%) Hyper-V
4 10 (0.86%) Microsoft App-V
5 9 (0.77%) VMware NSX
6 8 (0.69%) vSphere
7 7 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.51%) vCloud
9 5 (0.43%) NDS
9 5 (0.43%) NetIQ eDirectory
10 4 (0.34%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
11 3 (0.26%) Varnish
12 2 (0.17%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 2 (0.17%) KVM
12 2 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
12 2 (0.17%) XenApp
12 2 (0.17%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 58 (4.97%) Terraform
2 55 (4.72%) Ansible
3 52 (4.46%) Kubernetes
4 24 (2.06%) Puppet
4 24 (2.06%) SCCM
5 23 (1.97%) Single Sign-On
6 18 (1.54%) Grafana
6 18 (1.54%) vRealize Orchestrator
7 16 (1.37%) Prometheus
8 13 (1.11%) vRealize
9 8 (0.69%) Opscode Chef
10 7 (0.60%) Packer
10 7 (0.60%) StackStorm
11 6 (0.51%) BladeLogic
12 5 (0.43%) Control-M
12 5 (0.43%) HP Quality Center
12 5 (0.43%) Mesos
13 4 (0.34%) CSIRT
13 4 (0.34%) Kubeflow
13 4 (0.34%) OpenView Configuration Management
Vendors
1 117 (10.03%) Microsoft
2 93 (7.98%) Oracle
3 81 (6.95%) Salesforce.com
4 72 (6.17%) ServiceNow
5 60 (5.15%) SAP
6 48 (4.12%) Adobe
7 36 (3.09%) Google
8 35 (3.00%) VMware
9 26 (2.23%) IBM
10 22 (1.89%) Nintex
10 22 (1.89%) Splunk
11 15 (1.29%) Atlassian
12 14 (1.20%) Veracode
13 13 (1.11%) Databricks
14 11 (0.94%) Quadient
15 10 (0.86%) Blue Prism
15 10 (0.86%) Remedy
15 10 (0.86%) Workday
16 9 (0.77%) BMC
16 9 (0.77%) HP