Period
to 16 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Workflow skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Workflow over the 6 months to 16 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Workflow
UK
6 months to
16 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 145 134 125
Rank change year-on-year -11 -9 +28
Contract jobs citing Workflow 1,729 2,039 1,890
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.86% 1.97% 1.99%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.14% 2.27% 2.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,135 1,407 1,219
UK median daily rate £475 £473 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.53% +5.00% +5.88%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £625 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +9.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 31 49
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £28.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -19.64% -44.00% +17.65%
10th Percentile £10.00 £14.00 £16.05
90th Percentile £53.12 £55.00 £72.34
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £30.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year -45.00% -40.00% +4.36%

Workflow is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80,732 89,914 81,284
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.91% 86.68% 85.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 53,167 59,292 53,144
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +3.53%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,289 2,456 2,150
UK median hourly rate £24.91 £21.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.86% -14.00% +2.46%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.17 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £20.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +20.00% -20.00% -

Workflow
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Workflow as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Workflow in the UK

Workflow
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Workflow.

Contractor daily rate trend for Workflow in the UK

Workflow
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Workflow over the 6 months to 16 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Workflow in the UK

Workflow
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Workflow.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Workflow in the UK

Workflow
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Workflow over the 6 months to 16 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Workflow in the UK

Workflow
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Workflow within the UK over the 6 months to 16 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 1,606 £475 - 416
UK excluding London -16 904 £450 - 264
London -7 779 £513 +2.50% 180
South East -37 250 £440 -9.74% 61
North of England +27 233 £450 +9.82% 79
South West +23 135 £500 +17.65% 28
North West +9 131 £425 +6.25% 42
Midlands -2 112 £475 - 36
West Midlands +6 87 £475 -5.00% 24
Yorkshire +33 81 £450 +5.88% 29
East of England +42 77 £475 +22.58% 33
Scotland -37 69 £425 +1.19% 20
Wales +9 26 £500 +19.76% 7
East Midlands -1 25 £450 +14.29% 12
North East +13 21 £475 +2.15% 8
Northern Ireland +6 3 £430 -15.35% 1

For the 6 months to 16 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Workflow also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Workflow.

1 597 (34.53%) Agile Software Development
2 338 (19.55%) SQL
3 324 (18.74%) Finance
4 282 (16.31%) Microsoft
5 250 (14.46%) JavaScript
6 237 (13.71%) DevOps
7 231 (13.36%) C#
8 212 (12.26%) Java
9 210 (12.15%) .NET
10 204 (11.80%) SQL Server
11 195 (11.28%) Amazon AWS
12 193 (11.16%) CRM
13 192 (11.10%) Scrum
14 191 (11.05%) HTML
15 175 (10.12%) JIRA
16 174 (10.06%) Migration
17 160 (9.25%) Microsoft Azure
18 155 (8.96%) Git (software)
19 151 (8.73%) Web Services
20 149 (8.62%) CSS
21 142 (8.21%) Python
21 142 (8.21%) Problem-Solving
22 140 (8.10%) SharePoint
23 139 (8.04%) Oracle
23 139 (8.04%) Docker
24 133 (7.69%) Continuous Integration
24 133 (7.69%) Business Analysis
25 132 (7.63%) Dynamics CRM
26 130 (7.52%) Windows
27 126 (7.29%) Analytical Skills

Workflow
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 140 (8.10%) SharePoint
2 93 (5.38%) Oracle Workflow
3 80 (4.63%) Confluence
4 47 (2.72%) CMS
5 33 (1.91%) Apache Spark
6 30 (1.74%) SharePoint 2010
6 30 (1.74%) SharePoint 2013
7 20 (1.16%) Apache
8 17 (0.98%) IIS
8 17 (0.98%) WebSphere
9 14 (0.81%) Drupal
9 14 (0.81%) SharePoint Server
10 13 (0.75%) Apache Airflow
11 12 (0.69%) JBoss
11 12 (0.69%) Mule
12 11 (0.64%) Appian
12 11 (0.64%) Luigi
13 10 (0.58%) Tomcat
14 9 (0.52%) Elasticsearch
15 8 (0.46%) Documentum
Applications
1 83 (4.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 75 (4.34%) Microsoft Office
3 33 (1.91%) Sketch
4 31 (1.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 30 (1.74%) MS Visio
6 22 (1.27%) InfoPath
7 21 (1.21%) InVision
8 11 (0.64%) Zeplin
9 10 (0.58%) Photoshop
9 10 (0.58%) Spreadsheet
10 8 (0.46%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 6 (0.35%) Chatbot
12 5 (0.29%) Adobe Illustrator
12 5 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
13 4 (0.23%) AutoCAD
14 3 (0.17%) FreeHand
14 3 (0.17%) InDesign
14 3 (0.17%) Marvel
15 2 (0.12%) Acrobat
15 2 (0.12%) Figma
Business Applications
1 132 (7.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 26 (1.50%) Oracle Payables
2 26 (1.50%) Oracle Receivables
3 23 (1.33%) Oracle EBS
4 22 (1.27%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 20 (1.16%) SAP S/4HANA
6 17 (0.98%) Remedy ITSM
7 15 (0.87%) Oracle Assets
7 15 (0.87%) Oracle Financials
8 13 (0.75%) Oracle General Ledger
9 12 (0.69%) Oracle Cash Management
9 12 (0.69%) Oracle ERP
10 11 (0.64%) NetSuite
10 11 (0.64%) Oracle E-Business Tax
10 11 (0.64%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 11 (0.64%) SAP ERP
11 10 (0.58%) Oracle iProcurement
12 8 (0.46%) Oracle EBS R12
12 8 (0.46%) SAP MDG
13 7 (0.40%) Oracle Internet Expenses
Cloud Services
1 195 (11.28%) Amazon AWS
2 160 (9.25%) Microsoft Azure
3 107 (6.19%) Dynamics 365
4 95 (5.49%) Office 365
5 64 (3.70%) Slack
6 53 (3.07%) Serverless
7 50 (2.89%) GitHub
8 48 (2.78%) AWS CloudFormation
9 42 (2.43%) Azure Active Directory
10 40 (2.31%) Power Platform
11 39 (2.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 29 (1.68%) Amazon EKS
13 24 (1.39%) PowerApps
14 22 (1.27%) Google Cloud Platform
15 21 (1.21%) Microsoft Flow
15 21 (1.21%) SaaS
16 20 (1.16%) Amazon S3
16 20 (1.16%) Azure Functions
17 19 (1.10%) PaaS
18 16 (0.93%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 30 (1.74%) OpenVPN
2 15 (0.87%) Firewall
2 15 (0.87%) TCP/IP
2 15 (0.87%) VPN
3 12 (0.69%) Intranet
3 12 (0.69%) SSL
4 10 (0.58%) Internet
5 9 (0.52%) Ethernet
5 9 (0.52%) HTTP
5 9 (0.52%) MPLS
5 9 (0.52%) SMTP
6 8 (0.46%) Wireless
7 7 (0.40%) DNS
7 7 (0.40%) POP3
7 7 (0.40%) RTMP
8 6 (0.35%) IPsec
9 5 (0.29%) NAS
9 5 (0.29%) SAN
9 5 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
10 4 (0.23%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 204 (11.80%) SQL Server
2 73 (4.22%) Relational Database
3 45 (2.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 43 (2.49%) Big Data
5 37 (2.14%) Hadoop
6 36 (2.08%) NoSQL
7 35 (2.02%) Amazon RDS
8 30 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
9 28 (1.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 26 (1.50%) Power BI
11 25 (1.45%) SQL Server 2012
12 23 (1.33%) Oracle Database
13 21 (1.21%) Oracle Reports
14 20 (1.16%) PostgreSQL
15 19 (1.10%) Oracle BI Publisher
16 16 (0.93%) MySQL
16 16 (0.93%) SQL Server 2016
17 14 (0.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 13 (0.75%) Apache Cassandra
18 13 (0.75%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 175 (10.12%) JIRA
2 155 (8.96%) Git (software)
3 117 (6.77%) Jenkins
4 60 (3.47%) Visual Studio
5 56 (3.24%) Sonatype Nexus
6 46 (2.66%) SonarQube
7 43 (2.49%) JUnit
8 32 (1.85%) Visual Studio Team System
9 30 (1.74%) Team Foundation Server
10 25 (1.45%) Selenium
11 20 (1.16%) Oracle Forms
12 19 (1.10%) TeamCity
13 18 (1.04%) GitLab
14 15 (0.87%) Subversion
15 14 (0.81%) Bitbucket
16 13 (0.75%) Cucumber
17 12 (0.69%) Maven
18 11 (0.64%) Artifactory
18 11 (0.64%) Axure RP
19 10 (0.58%) Jasmine
General
1 324 (18.74%) Finance
2 117 (6.77%) Banking
3 79 (4.57%) Retail
4 70 (4.05%) Telecoms
5 54 (3.12%) Legal
5 54 (3.12%) Marketing
6 39 (2.26%) Pharmaceutical
7 37 (2.14%) Front Office
7 37 (2.14%) Manufacturing
8 25 (1.45%) Investment Banking
8 25 (1.45%) Law
9 20 (1.16%) Advertising
9 20 (1.16%) Billing
10 18 (1.04%) Back Office
11 17 (0.98%) Financial Institution
12 15 (0.87%) Mandarin Language
13 12 (0.69%) Games
13 12 (0.69%) Publishing
14 11 (0.64%) Electronics
15 4 (0.23%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 553 (31.98%) Developer
2 288 (16.66%) Analyst
3 176 (10.18%) Architect
4 162 (9.37%) Business Analyst
5 126 (7.29%) Consultant
6 71 (4.11%) Senior Developer
7 66 (3.82%) CRM Developer
8 60 (3.47%) DevOps Engineer
9 57 (3.30%) Designer
10 52 (3.01%) Java Developer
11 51 (2.95%) User Researcher
12 50 (2.89%) Dynamics CRM Developer
13 49 (2.83%) Solutions Architect
14 47 (2.72%) C# Developer
15 44 (2.54%) Administrator
15 44 (2.54%) Project Manager
16 43 (2.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 42 (2.43%) SharePoint Developer
18 40 (2.31%) Technical Architect
19 39 (2.26%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 210 (12.15%) .NET
2 191 (11.05%) HTML
3 151 (8.73%) Web Services
4 149 (8.62%) CSS
5 119 (6.88%) XML
6 115 (6.65%) AngularJS
7 99 (5.73%) REST
8 76 (4.40%) HTML5
9 72 (4.16%) .NET Framework
10 64 (3.70%) React
11 63 (3.64%) RESTful
12 62 (3.59%) WCF
13 59 (3.41%) ASP.NET
14 58 (3.35%) SOAP
15 47 (2.72%) ASP.NET Web API
16 42 (2.43%) JSON
16 42 (2.43%) LDAP
16 42 (2.43%) Node.js
17 41 (2.37%) jQuery
17 41 (2.37%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 126 (7.29%) Analytical Skills
2 121 (7.00%) User Experience
3 70 (4.05%) Self-Motivation
4 46 (2.66%) Algorithms
5 44 (2.54%) Management Information System
6 39 (2.26%) Fixed Income
7 27 (1.56%) Derivative
7 27 (1.56%) Greenfield Project
8 24 (1.39%) Enterprise Software
8 24 (1.39%) Virtual Team
9 22 (1.27%) Data Centre
10 21 (1.21%) CMDB
11 20 (1.16%) Equities
11 20 (1.16%) NHS
12 18 (1.04%) Data Structures
13 17 (0.98%) Equity Derivative
14 16 (0.93%) Blog
14 16 (0.93%) Mobile App
15 14 (0.81%) Data Protection Act
16 12 (0.69%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 130 (7.52%) Windows
2 114 (6.59%) Linux
3 55 (3.18%) Unix
4 31 (1.79%) Windows Server
5 27 (1.56%) Windows 10
6 19 (1.10%) Windows 7
7 17 (0.98%) Apple iOS
8 15 (0.87%) Android
8 15 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 9 (0.52%) Mac OS X
10 8 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
10 8 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
11 6 (0.35%) Windows Server 2003
12 5 (0.29%) CentOS
13 4 (0.23%) Ubuntu
14 3 (0.17%) Windows 8
14 3 (0.17%) Windows XP
15 2 (0.12%) AIX
15 2 (0.12%) CoreOS
15 2 (0.12%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 597 (34.53%) Agile Software Development
2 237 (13.71%) DevOps
3 193 (11.16%) CRM
4 192 (11.10%) Scrum
5 174 (10.06%) Migration
6 142 (8.21%) Problem-Solving
7 133 (7.69%) Business Analysis
7 133 (7.69%) Continuous Integration
8 125 (7.23%) ITIL
9 118 (6.82%) Test Automation
9 118 (6.82%) Workflow Management
10 109 (6.30%) TDD
11 90 (5.21%) SDLC
12 89 (5.15%) Project Management
13 88 (5.09%) Open Source
14 85 (4.92%) Analytics
15 83 (4.80%) Data Migration
16 77 (4.45%) Business Intelligence
17 74 (4.28%) Stakeholder Management
18 73 (4.22%) Workflow Analysis
Programming Languages
1 338 (19.55%) SQL
2 250 (14.46%) JavaScript
3 231 (13.36%) C#
4 212 (12.26%) Java
5 142 (8.21%) Python
6 86 (4.97%) PowerShell
7 42 (2.43%) PL/SQL
8 41 (2.37%) Ruby
8 41 (2.37%) T-SQL
9 33 (1.91%) TypeScript
10 26 (1.50%) C
11 24 (1.39%) ES6
12 23 (1.33%) Bash Shell
13 22 (1.27%) Shell Script
14 21 (1.21%) VBA
15 20 (1.16%) Groovy
15 20 (1.16%) VB
16 19 (1.10%) Scala
17 17 (0.98%) C++
17 17 (0.98%) PHP
Qualifications
1 102 (5.90%) Degree
2 98 (5.67%) Security Cleared
3 70 (4.05%) SC Cleared
4 23 (1.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (0.93%) BPSS Clearance
6 14 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
7 10 (0.58%) FFIEC
8 9 (0.52%) DV Cleared
8 9 (0.52%) ITIL Certification
9 7 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
9 7 (0.40%) CISSP
9 7 (0.40%) DBS Check
9 7 (0.40%) ISEB
9 7 (0.40%) RHCSA
10 6 (0.35%) AWS Certification
10 6 (0.35%) CCNP
10 6 (0.35%) MCSE
10 6 (0.35%) PhD
11 5 (0.29%) CCNA
11 5 (0.29%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 70 (4.05%) QA
2 44 (2.54%) SLA
3 38 (2.20%) Data Quality
4 18 (1.04%) PMO
5 14 (0.81%) GDPR
5 14 (0.81%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 7 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 7 (0.40%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.35%) Actionable Recommendations
8 5 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
8 5 (0.29%) SEPA
9 4 (0.23%) GMP
10 3 (0.17%) GxP
11 2 (0.12%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 2 (0.12%) GAMP
11 2 (0.12%) MiFID
11 2 (0.12%) UCITS
12 1 (0.058%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.058%) PSD2
12 1 (0.058%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 139 (8.04%) Docker
2 104 (6.02%) Active Directory
3 17 (0.98%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.40%) Microsoft App-V
4 7 (0.40%) NDS
4 7 (0.40%) NetIQ eDirectory
5 6 (0.35%) XenApp
6 5 (0.29%) Virtual Desktop
7 4 (0.23%) NFS
7 4 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.17%) HDFS
8 3 (0.17%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.12%) OpenAM
9 2 (0.12%) Squid
9 2 (0.12%) SRDF
9 2 (0.12%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 2 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.12%) vSphere
10 1 (0.058%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 97 (5.61%) Kubernetes
2 65 (3.76%) Ansible
3 41 (2.37%) Single Sign-On
4 40 (2.31%) Prometheus
5 36 (2.08%) Grafana
6 32 (1.85%) Opscode Chef
7 31 (1.79%) Puppet
8 30 (1.74%) FreeIPA
9 26 (1.50%) Terraform
10 15 (0.87%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 11 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
11 11 (0.64%) SCCM
12 10 (0.58%) Tivoli
13 9 (0.52%) HAProxy
14 8 (0.46%) HP ALM
15 7 (0.40%) QRadar
16 6 (0.35%) Forefront Identity Manager
16 6 (0.35%) Kibana
16 6 (0.35%) logstash
16 6 (0.35%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 282 (16.31%) Microsoft
2 139 (8.04%) Oracle
3 84 (4.86%) SAP
4 66 (3.82%) ServiceNow
5 48 (2.78%) Google
6 46 (2.66%) Adobe
7 40 (2.31%) Salesforce.com
8 38 (2.20%) Black Duck
9 37 (2.14%) IBM
10 34 (1.97%) Nintex
11 33 (1.91%) Blue Prism
11 33 (1.91%) Splunk
12 27 (1.56%) Pega
13 23 (1.33%) Atlassian
14 22 (1.27%) Charles River
14 22 (1.27%) HP
15 19 (1.10%) Dell
15 19 (1.10%) Remedy
16 18 (1.04%) Tableau
16 18 (1.04%) VMware