Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java EE skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java EE over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE, JEE)
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 644 529 616
Rank change year-on-year -115 +87 -187
Permanent jobs citing Java EE 423 158 539
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.34% 0.33% 0.39%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.84% 0.75% 1.05%
Number of salaries quoted 204 127 419
10th Percentile £45,000 £37,500 £37,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £46,250 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year - +9.09% -4.35%
75th Percentile £81,250 £73,125 £72,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £145,000 £82,850
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £57,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year -8.70% +9.52% +5.00%

Java EE is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 50,337 21,076 51,450
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.40% 43.94% 37.43%
Number of salaries quoted 32,199 18,066 42,588
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +8.08%
75th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Java EE
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java EE as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java EE in the UK

Java EE
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java EE.

Salary trend for Java EE in the UK

Java EE
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java EE over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Java EE in the UK

Java EE
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java EE within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -132 359 £60,000 - 38
UK excluding London -127 215 £52,500 -8.70% 29
London -142 167 £78,000 +11.43% 15
South East -79 109 £52,500 -10.64% 7
Work from Home -219 67 £52,500 -8.70% 14
South West -67 34 £72,500 +28.89% 3
Scotland -78 22 £50,000 -31.03% 5
North of England -127 19 £61,250 +11.36% 5
North West -86 14 £60,000 +20.00% 4
Wales -40 10 £34,597 -1.15% 1
West Midlands -107 10 £55,000 +29.41% 6
Midlands -134 10 £55,000 +15.79% 7
East of England -113 9 £58,750 -2.08% 2
North East - 3 £72,500 -
Yorkshire -102 2 £60,000 -9.77% 1
Northern Ireland - 2 £62,500 -

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT jobs citing Java EE also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java EE.

1 412 (97.40%) Java
2 297 (70.21%) Spring
3 277 (65.48%) Agile Software Development
4 219 (51.77%) JavaScript
5 214 (50.59%) AngularJS
6 187 (44.21%) Linux
7 178 (42.08%) Jenkins
8 176 (41.61%) Degree
9 170 (40.19%) SQL
10 160 (37.83%) Computer Science
11 154 (36.41%) React
12 150 (35.46%) Scrum
13 149 (35.22%) Finance
14 144 (34.04%) AWS
15 143 (33.81%) Microservices
16 136 (32.15%) Oracle
17 133 (31.44%) REST
18 129 (30.50%) DevOps
18 129 (30.50%) Continuous Integration
19 127 (30.02%) Relational Database
20 122 (28.84%) Azure
20 122 (28.84%) Spring Boot
21 119 (28.13%) Docker
22 118 (27.90%) Kubernetes
23 115 (27.19%) Git (software)
24 111 (26.24%) Software Engineering
25 110 (26.00%) CSS
26 108 (25.53%) NoSQL
27 106 (25.06%) Ansible
28 103 (24.35%) Hibernate

Java EE
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (11.35%) Apache Spark
2 35 (8.27%) Tomcat
3 32 (7.57%) JBoss
4 25 (5.91%) Apache
5 24 (5.67%) Confluence
6 21 (4.96%) GemFire
7 18 (4.26%) WebSphere
8 17 (4.02%) Cloud Foundry
9 16 (3.78%) Mule
10 14 (3.31%) LiveCycle
11 11 (2.60%) nginx
12 9 (2.13%) WebLogic
13 7 (1.65%) GlassFish
14 6 (1.42%) CICS
14 6 (1.42%) MQSeries
15 4 (0.95%) IIS
15 4 (0.95%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 2 (0.47%) Mule ESB
16 2 (0.47%) Red Hat Fuse
16 2 (0.47%) WildFly
Applications
1 4 (0.95%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 8 (1.89%) R3 Corda
2 7 (1.65%) Distributed Ledger
2 7 (1.65%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 4 (0.95%) Staffware
4 3 (0.71%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 144 (34.04%) AWS
2 122 (28.84%) Azure
3 81 (19.15%) OpenShift
4 47 (11.11%) Cloud Computing
5 42 (9.93%) Serverless
6 32 (7.57%) GCP
6 32 (7.57%) GitHub
7 17 (4.02%) Akamai
7 17 (4.02%) Amazon EKS
7 17 (4.02%) IBM Cloud
8 16 (3.78%) PaaS
9 12 (2.84%) Apigee
10 9 (2.13%) Amazon ECS
11 8 (1.89%) Amazon EC2
12 7 (1.65%) Slack
13 4 (0.95%) Amazon ELB
13 4 (0.95%) Amazon EMR
13 4 (0.95%) Amazon S3
14 2 (0.47%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 1 (0.24%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 34 (8.04%) SSL
2 25 (5.91%) HTTP
3 19 (4.49%) Internet
4 14 (3.31%) Network Security
5 8 (1.89%) SSH
6 4 (0.95%) 5G
7 3 (0.71%) Firewall
7 3 (0.71%) VPN
8 2 (0.47%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 127 (30.02%) Relational Database
2 108 (25.53%) NoSQL
3 100 (23.64%) PostgreSQL
4 62 (14.66%) SQL Server
5 41 (9.69%) MongoDB
6 35 (8.27%) RDBMS
7 31 (7.33%) Redis
8 27 (6.38%) Apache Cassandra
9 26 (6.15%) Big Data
9 26 (6.15%) MariaDB
10 25 (5.91%) Blockchain
10 25 (5.91%) HBase
10 25 (5.91%) Oracle Database
11 18 (4.26%) MySQL
12 14 (3.31%) DB2
13 12 (2.84%) Amazon RDS
14 10 (2.36%) HSQLDB
15 4 (0.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 4 (0.95%) Hadoop
16 2 (0.47%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 178 (42.08%) Jenkins
2 115 (27.19%) Git (software)
3 66 (15.60%) Gradle
4 54 (12.77%) JUnit
5 44 (10.40%) JIRA
6 39 (9.22%) Sonatype Nexus
7 35 (8.27%) Mockito
8 33 (7.80%) IntelliJ
8 33 (7.80%) Maven
9 26 (6.15%) Eclipse
10 25 (5.91%) Protractor
11 24 (5.67%) Cucumber
12 21 (4.96%) Cypress.io
12 21 (4.96%) Storybook
13 20 (4.73%) Bitbucket
14 18 (4.26%) Subversion
15 17 (4.02%) TeamCity
16 10 (2.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 10 (2.36%) GitLab
16 10 (2.36%) gulp
General
1 149 (35.22%) Finance
2 86 (20.33%) Social Skills
3 59 (13.95%) Banking
4 44 (10.40%) Analytical Skills
5 34 (8.04%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 30 (7.09%) Law
7 14 (3.31%) Wearables
8 11 (2.60%) Retail
9 8 (1.89%) Aerospace
9 8 (1.89%) Presentation Skills
10 7 (1.65%) Games
10 7 (1.65%) Public Sector
10 7 (1.65%) Public Speaking
11 3 (0.71%) Online Betting
12 2 (0.47%) Electronics
12 2 (0.47%) Investment Banking
12 2 (0.47%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.47%) Marketing
12 2 (0.47%) Telecoms
13 1 (0.24%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 276 (65.25%) Developer
2 169 (39.95%) Java Developer
3 60 (14.18%) Java Engineer
4 57 (13.48%) Senior Developer
4 57 (13.48%) Senior Java Developer
5 42 (9.93%) Analyst
6 41 (9.69%) Software Developer
7 39 (9.22%) Analyst Developer
7 39 (9.22%) Pricing Analyst
7 39 (9.22%) Pricing Developer
7 39 (9.22%) Software Engineer
8 36 (8.51%) Lead Developer
9 34 (8.04%) Angular Developer
10 29 (6.86%) Applications Developer
11 28 (6.62%) Consultant
12 26 (6.15%) Architect
13 25 (5.91%) Senior Java Engineer
14 24 (5.67%) Lead Software Developer
15 22 (5.20%) Java Software Engineer
15 22 (5.20%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 297 (70.21%) Spring
2 214 (50.59%) AngularJS
3 154 (36.41%) React
4 133 (31.44%) REST
5 122 (28.84%) Spring Boot
6 110 (26.00%) CSS
7 103 (24.35%) Hibernate
8 95 (22.46%) HTML
9 79 (18.68%) Node.js
10 77 (18.20%) Web Services
11 76 (17.97%) Kafka
12 74 (17.49%) RESTful
13 66 (15.60%) JSON
14 40 (9.46%) J2EE
15 37 (8.75%) HTML5
15 37 (8.75%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 35 (8.27%) Spring Security
17 29 (6.86%) .NET
17 29 (6.86%) GWT
17 29 (6.86%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 75 (17.73%) Self-Motivation
2 70 (16.55%) User Experience
3 49 (11.58%) Virtual Team
4 39 (9.22%) Management Information System
5 35 (8.27%) Enterprise Software
6 27 (6.38%) Linux Command Line
7 25 (5.91%) Cloud Native
8 23 (5.44%) SWIFT
9 21 (4.96%) iPhone
10 16 (3.78%) Mobile App
11 14 (3.31%) Greenfield Project
12 11 (2.60%) Mainframe
13 6 (1.42%) Blog
14 5 (1.18%) Hybrid Cloud
14 5 (1.18%) Legacy Systems
14 5 (1.18%) Reference Data
14 5 (1.18%) Tandem
15 4 (0.95%) Data Centre
15 4 (0.95%) Data Structures
15 4 (0.95%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 187 (44.21%) Linux
2 91 (21.51%) Unix
3 47 (11.11%) Windows
4 24 (5.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 20 (4.73%) Apple iOS
6 19 (4.49%) Android
7 14 (3.31%) Mac OS X
8 7 (1.65%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.95%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.71%) Oracle Linux
10 3 (0.71%) Windows Server 2008
10 3 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.71%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 277 (65.48%) Agile Software Development
2 160 (37.83%) Computer Science
3 150 (35.46%) Scrum
4 143 (33.81%) Microservices
5 129 (30.50%) Continuous Integration
5 129 (30.50%) DevOps
6 111 (26.24%) Software Engineering
7 101 (23.88%) TDD
8 100 (23.64%) Problem-Solving
9 94 (22.22%) Continuous Delivery
10 82 (19.39%) OO
11 74 (17.49%) Mathematics
12 72 (17.02%) SDLC
13 64 (15.13%) Test Automation
14 63 (14.89%) MVC
15 61 (14.42%) Full Stack Development
16 60 (14.18%) Data Modelling
16 60 (14.18%) Open Source
17 56 (13.24%) OOA/OOD
18 55 (13.00%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 412 (97.40%) Java
2 219 (51.77%) JavaScript
3 170 (40.19%) SQL
4 99 (23.40%) Python
5 72 (17.02%) Shell Script
6 68 (16.08%) C
7 65 (15.37%) C++
8 61 (14.42%) C#
9 60 (14.18%) Java 8
10 45 (10.64%) Perl
11 44 (10.40%) TypeScript
12 22 (5.20%) Gremlin
13 21 (4.96%) Groovy
14 17 (4.02%) PowerShell
15 11 (2.60%) Kotlin
16 10 (2.36%) Bash Shell
17 8 (1.89%) Java 11
18 7 (1.65%) CFML
18 7 (1.65%) Scala
19 6 (1.42%) Assembly Language
Qualifications
1 176 (41.61%) Degree
2 80 (18.91%) Computer Science Degree
3 43 (10.17%) Security Cleared
4 37 (8.75%) SC Cleared
5 29 (6.86%) Master's Degree
6 22 (5.20%) OCP
6 22 (5.20%) Oracle Certification
7 12 (2.84%) Numerate Degree
8 7 (1.65%) PhD
9 6 (1.42%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.24%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (8.27%) QA
2 10 (2.36%) NCSC
3 1 (0.24%) HL7
3 1 (0.24%) PMO
3 1 (0.24%) SEPA
System Software
1 119 (28.13%) Docker
2 25 (5.91%) HDFS
2 25 (5.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 7 (1.65%) VMware ESXi
4 3 (0.71%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.47%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 118 (27.90%) Kubernetes
2 106 (25.06%) Ansible
3 48 (11.35%) Opscode Chef
4 23 (5.44%) Terraform
5 19 (4.49%) Single Sign-On
6 15 (3.55%) Puppet
7 8 (1.89%) Grafana
7 8 (1.89%) Istio
7 8 (1.89%) Prometheus
8 7 (1.65%) HAProxy
8 7 (1.65%) Rancher
9 4 (0.95%) Kibana
10 3 (0.71%) Salt
11 2 (0.47%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 1 (0.24%) Knative
Vendors
1 136 (32.15%) Oracle
2 91 (21.51%) Red Hat
3 57 (13.48%) VMware
4 39 (9.22%) IBM
5 30 (7.09%) Google
5 30 (7.09%) Microsoft
6 21 (4.96%) Okta
7 18 (4.26%) SAP
8 17 (4.02%) Splunk
9 15 (3.55%) Adobe
10 14 (3.31%) Talend
11 6 (1.42%) Compuware
12 5 (1.18%) Atlassian
12 5 (1.18%) TIBCO
13 4 (0.95%) AppDynamics
14 3 (0.71%) TOWER Software
15 2 (0.47%) CyberArk
15 2 (0.47%) CyberTech
15 2 (0.47%) NetIQ
15 2 (0.47%) Sybase