Period
to 24 January 2022

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Legacy Code in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Legacy Code over the 6 months to 24 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Legacy Code
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 667 613 686
Rank change year-on-year -54 +73 +95
Permanent jobs citing Legacy Code 359 124 347
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.32% 0.22% 0.30%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.79% 0.61% 0.85%
Number of salaries quoted 175 120 271
10th Percentile £37,500 £29,000 £37,500
25th Percentile £40,000 £35,250 £41,875
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £47,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% -13.64% +4.76%
75th Percentile £69,375 £64,063 £81,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +3.09% -11.82% +4.76%

Legacy Code is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 45,369 20,250 41,035
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.78% 35.67% 35.28%
Number of salaries quoted 27,100 16,213 32,147
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,500 £30,806
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £39,379
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £95,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Legacy Code
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Legacy Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Legacy Code in England

Legacy Code
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Legacy Code in England.

Salary trend for Legacy Code in England

Legacy Code
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Legacy Code in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Legacy Code in England

Legacy Code
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Legacy Code within the England region over the 6 months to 24 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -62 208 £50,000 -37.50% 20
South East -87 52 £50,000 +25.00% 7
Midlands -81 29 £37,500 - 5
North of England -128 28 £50,000 +25.00% 3
East of England - 23 £67,500 - 3
West Midlands -51 20 £45,250 +0.56% 3
North West -82 19 £50,000 +26.58% 2
South West -47 17 £47,500 -13.64% 2
East Midlands -57 9 £37,500 +4.17% 2
Yorkshire -82 9 £52,250 +30.63%
Legacy Code
UK

For the 6 months to 24 January 2022, IT jobs citing Legacy Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Legacy Code.

1 189 (52.65%) React
2 187 (52.09%) JavaScript
3 170 (47.35%) Agile Software Development
4 163 (45.40%) HTML
5 162 (45.13%) CSS
6 138 (38.44%) Docker
7 136 (37.88%) Git (software)
8 125 (34.82%) PHP
9 121 (33.70%) TDD
10 120 (33.43%) AWS
11 117 (32.59%) Software Engineering
12 114 (31.75%) Refactoring
13 112 (31.20%) Full Stack Development
14 108 (30.08%) Unit Testing
15 105 (29.25%) Fintech
16 102 (28.41%) Social Skills
17 101 (28.13%) OO
18 100 (27.86%) MySQL
19 95 (26.46%) Finance
20 87 (24.23%) Laravel
21 86 (23.96%) Test Automation
22 84 (23.40%) Azure
23 82 (22.84%) jQuery
24 81 (22.56%) DevOps
25 80 (22.28%) RESTful
26 79 (22.01%) .NET
27 78 (21.73%) CI/CD
28 76 (21.17%) QA
29 75 (20.89%) AngularJS
29 75 (20.89%) OOP

Legacy Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (12.26%) CMS
2 11 (3.06%) Apache
3 7 (1.95%) Apache Spark
4 5 (1.39%) Tomcat
5 3 (0.84%) Elasticsearch
5 3 (0.84%) Umbraco
6 2 (0.56%) Camunda
7 1 (0.28%) IIS
7 1 (0.28%) nginx
7 1 (0.28%) WordPress
Applications
1 6 (1.67%) InVision
2 5 (1.39%) Chatbot
3 3 (0.84%) Adobe XD
3 3 (0.84%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 10 (2.79%) Magento
2 9 (2.51%) Shopify
3 7 (1.95%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 120 (33.43%) AWS
2 84 (23.40%) Azure
3 37 (10.31%) Amazon SQS
4 27 (7.52%) Amazon ECS
5 23 (6.41%) GitHub
6 22 (6.13%) SaaS
7 20 (5.57%) GCP
7 20 (5.57%) Serverless
8 14 (3.90%) Amazon EC2
8 14 (3.90%) Amazon S3
9 13 (3.62%) npm
10 12 (3.34%) AWS Lambda
11 7 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (1.39%) AWS CloudFormation
13 4 (1.11%) AWS Fargate
13 4 (1.11%) GitHub Actions
13 4 (1.11%) PaaS
14 3 (0.84%) Datadog
14 3 (0.84%) Figma
15 2 (0.56%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 6 (1.67%) Intranet
2 5 (1.39%) SMS
3 3 (0.84%) DNS
4 2 (0.56%) Firewall
4 2 (0.56%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.28%) DHCP
5 1 (0.28%) IPv6
5 1 (0.28%) SNMP
5 1 (0.28%) SSH
5 1 (0.28%) VPN
5 1 (0.28%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 100 (27.86%) MySQL
2 37 (10.31%) Redis
3 35 (9.75%) PostgreSQL
4 34 (9.47%) MongoDB
5 33 (9.19%) SQL Server
6 24 (6.69%) SQL Server 2014
7 13 (3.62%) Apache Cassandra
8 6 (1.67%) Relational Database
9 5 (1.39%) Hazelcast
10 4 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 4 (1.11%) NoSQL
11 2 (0.56%) Blockchain
12 1 (0.28%) Azure SQL Database
12 1 (0.28%) Big Data
12 1 (0.28%) SQL Server 2016
12 1 (0.28%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 136 (37.88%) Git (software)
2 69 (19.22%) Jenkins
3 67 (18.66%) PHPUnit
4 30 (8.36%) CircleCI
5 29 (8.08%) Team Foundation Server
6 28 (7.80%) Visual Studio
7 26 (7.24%) webpack
8 22 (6.13%) JUnit
9 18 (5.01%) Jasmine
10 17 (4.74%) gulp
11 16 (4.46%) Grunt
12 13 (3.62%) JIRA
13 12 (3.34%) Cypress.io
13 12 (3.34%) Selenium
14 11 (3.06%) Bitbucket
14 11 (3.06%) PhpStorm
14 11 (3.06%) Xdebug
15 10 (2.79%) Maven
16 9 (2.51%) JMeter
16 9 (2.51%) Mocha
General
1 102 (28.41%) Social Skills
2 95 (26.46%) Finance
3 58 (16.16%) Games
4 55 (15.32%) Retail
5 26 (7.24%) Banking
6 24 (6.69%) Public Sector
7 20 (5.57%) Publishing
8 13 (3.62%) Analytical Skills
9 12 (3.34%) Legal
10 10 (2.79%) Retail Finance
11 6 (1.67%) Music Industry
12 5 (1.39%) Law
13 4 (1.11%) Automotive
14 3 (0.84%) Advertising
14 3 (0.84%) Marketing
15 2 (0.56%) Front Office
16 1 (0.28%) Aerospace
16 1 (0.28%) Electronics
16 1 (0.28%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 208 (57.94%) Developer
2 93 (25.91%) PHP Developer
3 76 (21.17%) Software Engineer
4 60 (16.71%) PHP Laravel Developer
5 56 (15.60%) PHP Developer - Fintech
6 33 (9.19%) Senior Software Engineer
7 26 (7.24%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 22 (6.13%) Senior Developer
9 20 (5.57%) Automation Engineer
9 20 (5.57%) QA Automation Engineer
9 20 (5.57%) QA Engineer
10 17 (4.74%) .NET Developer
11 16 (4.46%) Java Developer
12 14 (3.90%) Integration Engineer
12 14 (3.90%) Software Developer
12 14 (3.90%) Software Integration Engineer
13 12 (3.34%) C# Developer
13 12 (3.34%) Full Stack Developer
14 11 (3.06%) Lead Developer
14 11 (3.06%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 189 (52.65%) React
2 163 (45.40%) HTML
3 162 (45.13%) CSS
4 87 (24.23%) Laravel
5 82 (22.84%) jQuery
6 80 (22.28%) RESTful
7 79 (22.01%) .NET
8 75 (20.89%) AngularJS
9 74 (20.61%) LAMP
10 72 (20.06%) Jest
11 69 (19.22%) Node.js
12 40 (11.14%) .NET Framework
13 33 (9.19%) Symfony
14 27 (7.52%) HTML5
15 25 (6.96%) REST
15 25 (6.96%) Vue.js
16 24 (6.69%) Django
17 23 (6.41%) Kafka
18 22 (6.13%) ASP.NET
18 22 (6.13%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 68 (18.94%) Self-Motivation
2 47 (13.09%) User Experience
3 30 (8.36%) Enterprise Software
4 27 (7.52%) Greenfield Project
5 22 (6.13%) Public Cloud
6 18 (5.01%) Blog
7 16 (4.46%) Mobile App
8 13 (3.62%) Legacy Systems
9 9 (2.51%) Fibre Optics
10 8 (2.23%) Cloud Native
10 8 (2.23%) Data Protection Act
11 6 (1.67%) Contract for Difference
11 6 (1.67%) Equities
11 6 (1.67%) Spread Betting
11 6 (1.67%) Virtual Team
12 3 (0.84%) W3C
13 2 (0.56%) Legacy Applications
13 2 (0.56%) Linux Command Line
14 1 (0.28%) Algorithms
14 1 (0.28%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 30 (8.36%) Windows
2 25 (6.96%) Linux
3 20 (5.57%) Ubuntu
4 19 (5.29%) Android
5 10 (2.79%) Apple iOS
6 9 (2.51%) CentOS
7 1 (0.28%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 170 (47.35%) Agile Software Development
2 121 (33.70%) TDD
3 117 (32.59%) Software Engineering
4 114 (31.75%) Refactoring
5 112 (31.20%) Full Stack Development
6 108 (30.08%) Unit Testing
7 105 (29.25%) Fintech
8 101 (28.13%) OO
9 86 (23.96%) Test Automation
10 81 (22.56%) DevOps
11 78 (21.73%) CI/CD
12 75 (20.89%) OOP
13 67 (18.66%) Data Privacy
14 64 (17.83%) B2B
15 57 (15.88%) Responsive Web Design
16 52 (14.48%) E-Commerce
17 46 (12.81%) Mentoring
18 42 (11.70%) Clean Code
19 41 (11.42%) Functional Testing
20 36 (10.03%) Data-Driven Decision Making
Programming Languages
1 187 (52.09%) JavaScript
2 125 (34.82%) PHP
3 67 (18.66%) Java
4 64 (17.83%) C#
4 64 (17.83%) PHP 7
5 58 (16.16%) Python
6 56 (15.60%) SQL
7 42 (11.70%) TypeScript
8 19 (5.29%) C
9 14 (3.90%) Go
9 14 (3.90%) Java 11
10 12 (3.34%) C++
10 12 (3.34%) Kotlin
10 12 (3.34%) Scala
11 10 (2.79%) Ruby
12 9 (2.51%) Java 8
13 7 (1.95%) ES6
14 5 (1.39%) Apple Swift
14 5 (1.39%) Objective-C
15 4 (1.11%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 24 (6.69%) DBS Check
1 24 (6.69%) ISEB
1 24 (6.69%) ISTQB
1 24 (6.69%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
2 10 (2.79%) Degree
3 8 (2.23%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (0.56%) AWS Certification
5 1 (0.28%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 76 (21.17%) QA
2 4 (1.11%) Accessibility
3 2 (0.56%) GDPR
System Software
1 138 (38.44%) Docker
2 24 (6.69%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (1.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 38 (10.58%) Kubernetes
2 34 (9.47%) Terraform
3 4 (1.11%) Opscode Chef
4 3 (0.84%) Puppet
5 2 (0.56%) Ansible
5 2 (0.56%) Graphite
5 2 (0.56%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 28 (7.80%) Microsoft
2 24 (6.69%) NEC
2 24 (6.69%) Northgate
3 16 (4.46%) Zend
4 8 (2.23%) Facebook
4 8 (2.23%) Oracle
5 6 (1.67%) Instagram
5 6 (1.67%) Twitter
5 6 (1.67%) YouTube
6 4 (1.11%) Telerik
6 4 (1.11%) Xamarin
7 3 (0.84%) Adobe
8 2 (0.56%) Splunk