Period
to 21 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 84 99 89
Rank change year-on-year +15 -10 -8
Permanent jobs citing Spring 4,167 1,457 4,261
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.76% 3.24% 3.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.24% 7.36% 9.00%
Number of salaries quoted 2,241 1,260 3,642
10th Percentile £42,500 £39,713 £36,250
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% +4.35%
75th Percentile £88,750 £77,500 £76,250
90th Percentile £102,500 £90,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £67,500 £62,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.00% +8.70% -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 45,115 19,792 47,363
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.71% 44.04% 37.39%
Number of salaries quoted 28,893 17,160 39,739
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £43,750 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,330 £95,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +7.32%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Salary trend for Spring in England

Spring
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +23 2,372 £80,000 +10.34% 301
South East -5 680 £64,000 -1.54% 60
North of England +13 510 £55,000 +10.00% 92
North West +45 298 £55,000 - 59
Midlands 0 250 £52,500 +23.53% 68
South West -17 232 £52,500 +1.94% 46
West Midlands -9 174 £52,500 +10.53% 53
Yorkshire -57 157 £55,000 +10.00% 23
East Midlands -39 75 £52,500 +31.25% 14
East of England -91 57 £57,500 -2.13% 15
North East +7 56 £50,000 +20.48% 10
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 3,964 (95.13%) Java
2 2,583 (61.99%) Agile Software Development
3 2,227 (53.44%) Microservices
4 2,025 (48.60%) Spring Boot
5 1,571 (37.70%) Docker
6 1,508 (36.19%) AWS
7 1,385 (33.24%) Software Engineering
8 1,384 (33.21%) TDD
9 1,365 (32.76%) DevOps
10 1,301 (31.22%) Jenkins
11 1,254 (30.09%) Finance
12 1,247 (29.93%) Kubernetes
13 1,219 (29.25%) JavaScript
14 1,101 (26.42%) React
15 1,070 (25.68%) SQL
16 1,063 (25.51%) Git (software)
17 1,038 (24.91%) AngularJS
18 1,030 (24.72%) Kafka
19 965 (23.16%) Scrum
20 959 (23.01%) REST
21 895 (21.48%) Azure
22 892 (21.41%) Java 8
23 887 (21.29%) Continuous Integration
24 885 (21.24%) Social Skills
25 831 (19.94%) Full Stack Development
26 813 (19.51%) NoSQL
27 801 (19.22%) RESTful
28 761 (18.26%) Node.js
29 759 (18.21%) Relational Database
30 755 (18.12%) Hibernate

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 364 (8.74%) Apache Spark
2 351 (8.42%) Apache
3 221 (5.30%) Elasticsearch
4 216 (5.18%) GemFire
5 162 (3.89%) Tomcat
6 122 (2.93%) Confluence
7 111 (2.66%) Cloud Foundry
8 92 (2.21%) nginx
9 42 (1.01%) WebSphere
10 39 (0.94%) JBoss
11 33 (0.79%) Apache Solr
12 32 (0.77%) CMS
12 32 (0.77%) Mule
13 28 (0.67%) IIS
14 25 (0.60%) Apache Pulsar
15 22 (0.53%) Mule ESB
16 21 (0.50%) MQSeries
17 20 (0.48%) Anypoint
18 19 (0.46%) OpenStack
19 18 (0.43%) Camunda
Applications
1 29 (0.70%) InVision
1 29 (0.70%) Sketch
2 10 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
2 10 (0.24%) Adobe XD
2 10 (0.24%) Photoshop
3 5 (0.12%) Figma
4 4 (0.096%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.048%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.048%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.048%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.024%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 12 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
2 9 (0.22%) R3 Corda
3 8 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
4 7 (0.17%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 5 (0.12%) Visualfiles
6 4 (0.096%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.072%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 2 (0.048%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.048%) Magento
8 2 (0.048%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
9 1 (0.024%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.024%) Oracle EBS R12
9 1 (0.024%) SAP CRM
9 1 (0.024%) Shopify
9 1 (0.024%) SunGard Martini
9 1 (0.024%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 1,508 (36.19%) AWS
2 895 (21.48%) Azure
3 596 (14.30%) GCP
4 575 (13.80%) GitHub
5 351 (8.42%) Serverless
6 245 (5.88%) OpenShift
7 211 (5.06%) Amazon Kinesis
8 176 (4.22%) SaaS
9 117 (2.81%) Cloud Computing
10 116 (2.78%) Amazon EC2
11 112 (2.69%) AWS Lambda
12 105 (2.52%) PaaS
13 50 (1.20%) Amazon EKS
14 45 (1.08%) Amazon ECS
15 44 (1.06%) Amazon S3
16 42 (1.01%) Amazon SQS
17 40 (0.96%) npm
18 35 (0.84%) Apigee
19 33 (0.79%) Datadog
20 30 (0.72%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 168 (4.03%) HTTP
2 67 (1.61%) AMQP
3 57 (1.37%) Internet
4 30 (0.72%) Calico
5 24 (0.58%) SSL
6 17 (0.41%) Firewall
7 10 (0.24%) SMS
8 9 (0.22%) Broadband
8 9 (0.22%) WPA
9 8 (0.19%) SSH
10 7 (0.17%) TCP/IP
11 6 (0.14%) SWIFTNet
12 5 (0.12%) RIP
13 3 (0.072%) DNS
13 3 (0.072%) Unified Communications
14 2 (0.048%) HTTPS
14 2 (0.048%) SMPP
15 1 (0.024%) Intranet
15 1 (0.024%) Reverse Proxy
15 1 (0.024%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 813 (19.51%) NoSQL
2 759 (18.21%) Relational Database
3 644 (15.45%) PostgreSQL
4 451 (10.82%) Big Data
5 408 (9.79%) Redis
6 390 (9.36%) MySQL
7 368 (8.83%) MongoDB
8 253 (6.07%) HBase
9 248 (5.95%) MariaDB
10 185 (4.44%) SQL Server
11 181 (4.34%) RDBMS
12 180 (4.32%) Apache Cassandra
13 169 (4.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 167 (4.01%) Hadoop
15 71 (1.70%) DB2
15 71 (1.70%) Hazelcast
16 65 (1.56%) Blockchain
17 63 (1.51%) Oracle Database
18 56 (1.34%) Amazon RDS
19 45 (1.08%) Apache Accumulo
Development Applications
1 1,301 (31.22%) Jenkins
2 1,063 (25.51%) Git (software)
3 616 (14.78%) JUnit
4 541 (12.98%) Maven
5 444 (10.66%) Gradle
6 383 (9.19%) Mockito
7 346 (8.30%) Cucumber
8 272 (6.53%) IntelliJ
8 272 (6.53%) Protractor
9 269 (6.46%) Sonatype Nexus
10 261 (6.26%) JIRA
11 260 (6.24%) Eclipse
12 231 (5.54%) Cypress.io
13 218 (5.23%) Storybook
14 179 (4.30%) SonarQube
15 176 (4.22%) Artifactory
16 150 (3.60%) GitLab
17 139 (3.34%) Selenium
18 95 (2.28%) Subversion
19 83 (1.99%) webpack
General
1 1,254 (30.09%) Finance
2 885 (21.24%) Social Skills
3 583 (13.99%) Banking
4 379 (9.10%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 334 (8.02%) Law
6 219 (5.26%) Analytical Skills
7 155 (3.72%) Retail
8 151 (3.62%) Games
9 134 (3.22%) Public Sector
10 102 (2.45%) Investment Banking
11 91 (2.18%) Presentation Skills
12 90 (2.16%) Financial Institution
13 85 (2.04%) Front Office
14 75 (1.80%) Telecoms
15 74 (1.78%) Back Office
16 52 (1.25%) Marketing
17 50 (1.20%) Manufacturing
18 41 (0.98%) Advertising
19 33 (0.79%) Influencing Skills
20 30 (0.72%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 2,470 (59.28%) Developer
2 1,835 (44.04%) Java Developer
3 786 (18.86%) Software Engineer
4 691 (16.58%) Senior Developer
5 550 (13.20%) Senior Java Developer
6 537 (12.89%) Java Engineer
7 259 (6.22%) Java Software Engineer
8 256 (6.14%) Senior Software Engineer
9 236 (5.66%) Lead Developer
10 207 (4.97%) Senior Java Engineer
11 201 (4.82%) Architect
12 194 (4.66%) Full Stack Developer
13 180 (4.32%) Principal Engineer
14 162 (3.89%) Software Developer
15 150 (3.60%) Backend Developer
16 143 (3.43%) Principal Software Engineer
17 139 (3.34%) Lead Java Developer
18 101 (2.42%) Technical Leader
19 96 (2.30%) Senior Java Software Engineer
20 88 (2.11%) Lead Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,025 (48.60%) Spring Boot
2 1,101 (26.42%) React
3 1,038 (24.91%) AngularJS
4 1,030 (24.72%) Kafka
5 959 (23.01%) REST
6 801 (19.22%) RESTful
7 761 (18.26%) Node.js
8 755 (18.12%) Hibernate
9 689 (16.53%) CSS
10 612 (14.69%) Web Services
11 514 (12.34%) HTML
12 509 (12.22%) RabbitMQ
13 453 (10.87%) JSON
14 340 (8.16%) Redux
15 321 (7.70%) Middleware
16 291 (6.98%) GraphQL
17 258 (6.19%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 247 (5.93%) Java EE
19 241 (5.78%) WireMock
20 239 (5.74%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 337 (8.09%) User Experience
2 291 (6.98%) Greenfield Project
3 222 (5.33%) Linux Command Line
4 204 (4.90%) Self-Motivation
5 161 (3.86%) Algorithms
6 151 (3.62%) Cloud Native
7 149 (3.58%) Data Structures
8 148 (3.55%) Enterprise Software
9 128 (3.07%) Virtual Team
10 108 (2.59%) Mobile App
11 100 (2.40%) Public Cloud
12 86 (2.06%) Derivative
13 63 (1.51%) Management Information System
14 52 (1.25%) Online Games
15 45 (1.08%) SWIFT
16 38 (0.91%) NHS
17 36 (0.86%) Data Centre
18 32 (0.77%) Data Protection Act
18 32 (0.77%) Social Network
18 32 (0.77%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 750 (18.00%) Linux
2 470 (11.28%) Unix
3 88 (2.11%) Windows
4 44 (1.06%) Android
4 44 (1.06%) Apple iOS
5 24 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 19 (0.46%) Mac OS X
7 13 (0.31%) Mac OS
8 9 (0.22%) Ubuntu
9 6 (0.14%) CentOS
10 5 (0.12%) VMS
11 3 (0.072%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.024%) Alpine Linux
12 1 (0.024%) Amazon Linux
12 1 (0.024%) CoreOS
12 1 (0.024%) Debian
12 1 (0.024%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,583 (61.99%) Agile Software Development
2 2,227 (53.44%) Microservices
3 1,385 (33.24%) Software Engineering
4 1,384 (33.21%) TDD
5 1,365 (32.76%) DevOps
6 965 (23.16%) Scrum
7 887 (21.29%) Continuous Integration
8 831 (19.94%) Full Stack Development
9 733 (17.59%) Open Source
10 685 (16.44%) Problem-Solving
11 675 (16.20%) BDD
12 637 (15.29%) Computer Science
13 591 (14.18%) OO
14 540 (12.96%) Test Automation
15 490 (11.76%) Fintech
16 428 (10.27%) Mentoring
17 377 (9.05%) Multithreading
18 357 (8.57%) Continuous Delivery
19 331 (7.94%) Unit Testing
20 325 (7.80%) Event-Driven
Programming Languages
1 3,964 (95.13%) Java
2 1,219 (29.25%) JavaScript
3 1,070 (25.68%) SQL
4 892 (21.41%) Java 8
5 636 (15.26%) Python
6 385 (9.24%) TypeScript
7 348 (8.35%) Kotlin
8 301 (7.22%) Java 11
9 288 (6.91%) C#
10 280 (6.72%) Shell Script
11 256 (6.14%) Groovy
12 186 (4.46%) Scala
13 120 (2.88%) C++
14 104 (2.50%) Go
15 102 (2.45%) C
16 83 (1.99%) ES6
17 81 (1.94%) Bash Shell
18 62 (1.49%) PHP
19 56 (1.34%) PL/SQL
20 47 (1.13%) Perl
Qualifications
1 677 (16.25%) Degree
2 287 (6.89%) Security Cleared
3 261 (6.26%) SC Cleared
4 221 (5.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 207 (4.97%) Oracle Certification
6 206 (4.94%) OCP
7 54 (1.30%) Master's Degree
8 23 (0.55%) DBS Check
9 15 (0.36%) SANS
10 12 (0.29%) AWS Certification
10 12 (0.29%) HND
11 11 (0.26%) DV Cleared
11 11 (0.26%) HNC
12 7 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
12 7 (0.17%) PhD
13 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
13 6 (0.14%) SAFe Agilist
14 5 (0.12%) Numerate Degree
14 5 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
15 4 (0.096%) A+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 277 (6.65%) QA
2 40 (0.96%) SLA
3 31 (0.74%) Accessibility
4 25 (0.60%) MiFID
5 23 (0.55%) EMIR
6 16 (0.38%) WCAG
7 7 (0.17%) ISO 20022
8 6 (0.14%) ISO 15022
9 5 (0.12%) Data Quality
9 5 (0.12%) ISO 13485
10 4 (0.096%) IEC 62304
10 4 (0.096%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.072%) CDISC
11 3 (0.072%) GDPR
11 3 (0.072%) Good Clinical Practice
12 2 (0.048%) COREP
12 2 (0.048%) GRC
12 2 (0.048%) HIPAA
12 2 (0.048%) PSD2
System Software
1 1,571 (37.70%) Docker
2 194 (4.66%) HDFS
3 147 (3.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 52 (1.25%) Virtual Machines
5 36 (0.86%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 24 (0.58%) Postfix
7 11 (0.26%) ISA Server
8 7 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (0.096%) KVM
9 4 (0.096%) vSphere
10 2 (0.048%) Firmware
11 1 (0.024%) Active Directory
11 1 (0.024%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.024%) NDS
11 1 (0.024%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 1 (0.024%) Varnish
11 1 (0.024%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,247 (29.93%) Kubernetes
2 639 (15.33%) Ansible
3 636 (15.26%) Terraform
4 149 (3.58%) Opscode Chef
5 112 (2.69%) Grafana
6 100 (2.40%) Puppet
7 69 (1.66%) Kibana
8 65 (1.56%) Prometheus
9 44 (1.06%) Istio
10 31 (0.74%) logstash
11 24 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
12 22 (0.53%) HAProxy
13 21 (0.50%) Docker Swarm
14 15 (0.36%) Mesos
15 14 (0.34%) linkerd
15 14 (0.34%) Packer
15 14 (0.34%) Rancher
16 13 (0.31%) Consul
17 12 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
18 9 (0.22%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 578 (13.87%) Oracle
2 215 (5.16%) VMware
3 214 (5.14%) Okta
4 211 (5.06%) Google
5 190 (4.56%) Microsoft
6 92 (2.21%) Red Hat
7 70 (1.68%) Splunk
8 65 (1.56%) Atlassian
8 65 (1.56%) IBM
9 49 (1.18%) SAP
10 48 (1.15%) MuleSoft
10 48 (1.15%) Sybase
11 32 (0.77%) Solace
12 31 (0.74%) LexisNexis
13 25 (0.60%) Bloomberg
13 25 (0.60%) BT
13 25 (0.60%) TIBCO
14 21 (0.50%) Adobe
15 20 (0.48%) Dynatrace
15 20 (0.48%) PayPal