Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > England
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 96 92 76
Rank change year-on-year -4 -16 +9
Permanent jobs citing Spring 2,224 3,650 5,341
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.28% 3.24% 3.85%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 7.89% 8.38% 9.70%
Number of salaries quoted 2,304 3,302 4,769
Median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.70% +4.55%
10th Percentile £41,250 £38,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £93,750 £82,500
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 28,184 43,567 55,053
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 41.51% 38.63% 39.70%
Number of salaries quoted 23,512 36,458 46,085
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in England

Spring
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Spring in England.

Salary trend for Spring in England

Spring
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Spring in England over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Salary histogram for Spring in England

Spring
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the England region over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 1,126 £72,500 -3.33% 222
South East +10 324 £62,500 +4.17% 56
South West +38 259 £51,500 +3.00% 27
North of England -9 257 £50,000 -4.76% 86
Midlands -2 153 £50,000 - 45
North West -16 106 £51,250 -6.82% 38
West Midlands +23 94 £52,500 - 33
Yorkshire -56 85 £47,500 -5.00% 35
East of England +9 84 £67,500 +17.39% 15
North East +64 66 £50,000 +2.56% 13
East Midlands -18 59 £47,500 - 12
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,058 (92.54%) Java
2 1,262 (56.74%) Agile Software Development
3 1,060 (47.66%) Spring Boot
4 1,014 (45.59%) Microservices
5 725 (32.60%) Docker
6 717 (32.24%) AWS
7 702 (31.56%) JavaScript
8 654 (29.41%) TDD
9 600 (26.98%) SQL
10 556 (25.00%) Java 8
11 549 (24.69%) Kubernetes
12 540 (24.28%) Software Engineering
13 536 (24.10%) DevOps
14 522 (23.47%) AngularJS
15 503 (22.62%) Git (software)
16 492 (22.12%) Hibernate
17 466 (20.95%) Finance
18 429 (19.29%) Scrum
19 425 (19.11%) REST
20 402 (18.08%) Jenkins
21 373 (16.77%) Kafka
21 373 (16.77%) HTML
22 365 (16.41%) Web Services
23 362 (16.28%) Maven
24 361 (16.23%) RESTful
25 344 (15.47%) PostgreSQL
26 339 (15.24%) BDD
27 331 (14.88%) React
27 331 (14.88%) CSS
28 313 (14.07%) Node.js

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 155 (6.97%) Elasticsearch
2 127 (5.71%) Tomcat
3 91 (4.09%) Confluence
4 83 (3.73%) Apache
5 63 (2.83%) Apache Spark
6 44 (1.98%) WebSphere
7 41 (1.84%) JBoss
8 23 (1.03%) WebLogic
9 22 (0.99%) Mule
9 22 (0.99%) Red Hat Fuse
10 21 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
11 19 (0.85%) Mule ESB
12 18 (0.81%) Apache Solr
13 17 (0.76%) nginx
14 15 (0.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 15 (0.67%) CMS
15 14 (0.63%) OpenStack
15 14 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 13 (0.58%) Tornado
17 10 (0.45%) IIS
Applications
1 16 (0.72%) InVision
1 16 (0.72%) Sketch
2 9 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (0.18%) Adobe XD
3 4 (0.18%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 10 (0.45%) R3 Corda
2 9 (0.40%) Oracle BPM
2 9 (0.40%) Payment Gateway
3 4 (0.18%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 3 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
4 3 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.090%) Maximo
5 2 (0.090%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.045%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.045%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.045%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.045%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 717 (32.24%) AWS
2 310 (13.94%) Azure
3 229 (10.30%) GCP
4 180 (8.09%) SaaS
5 94 (4.23%) GitHub
6 71 (3.19%) Amazon EC2
7 70 (3.15%) Serverless
8 66 (2.97%) PaaS
9 62 (2.79%) OpenShift
10 50 (2.25%) Cloud Computing
11 44 (1.98%) Amazon ECS
12 39 (1.75%) Amazon EKS
13 31 (1.39%) AWS Lambda
14 30 (1.35%) IaaS
15 25 (1.12%) Amazon SQS
16 24 (1.08%) AWS CloudFormation
17 20 (0.90%) IBM Cloud
18 19 (0.85%) Stackdriver
19 17 (0.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 17 (0.76%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 39 (1.75%) HTTP
2 18 (0.81%) AMQP
3 15 (0.67%) Internet
4 8 (0.36%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.31%) SSL
6 3 (0.13%) Network Security
6 3 (0.13%) SMPP
7 2 (0.090%) Firewall
7 2 (0.090%) SMS
7 2 (0.090%) Software-Defined Networking
7 2 (0.090%) VPN
8 1 (0.045%) ATM
8 1 (0.045%) CDMA
8 1 (0.045%) DNS
8 1 (0.045%) FTP
8 1 (0.045%) GSM
8 1 (0.045%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.045%) RTP
8 1 (0.045%) SSH
8 1 (0.045%) UMTS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 344 (15.47%) PostgreSQL
2 260 (11.69%) MongoDB
3 253 (11.38%) NoSQL
4 216 (9.71%) MySQL
5 210 (9.44%) Relational Database
6 113 (5.08%) SQL Server
7 89 (4.00%) Big Data
8 75 (3.37%) Redis
9 72 (3.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 56 (2.52%) Hadoop
11 49 (2.20%) Hazelcast
12 48 (2.16%) RDBMS
13 38 (1.71%) Apache Cassandra
14 34 (1.53%) Oracle Database
15 32 (1.44%) Couchbase
16 30 (1.35%) Blockchain
17 20 (0.90%) Amazon RDS
18 10 (0.45%) Data Lake
19 9 (0.40%) GIS
19 9 (0.40%) HBase
Development Applications
1 503 (22.62%) Git (software)
2 402 (18.08%) Jenkins
3 362 (16.28%) Maven
4 281 (12.63%) JUnit
5 195 (8.77%) JIRA
6 129 (5.80%) Gradle
7 124 (5.58%) Mockito
8 75 (3.37%) Selenium
9 73 (3.28%) Cucumber
10 66 (2.97%) SonarQube
11 59 (2.65%) Bitbucket
12 58 (2.61%) IntelliJ
13 40 (1.80%) Eclipse
14 38 (1.71%) GitLab
15 35 (1.57%) Ant
16 32 (1.44%) Subversion
17 29 (1.30%) Artifactory
18 27 (1.21%) gulp
19 26 (1.17%) Cypress.io
20 23 (1.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 466 (20.95%) Finance
2 194 (8.72%) Banking
3 148 (6.65%) Public Sector
4 98 (4.41%) Retail
5 97 (4.36%) Games
6 58 (2.61%) Marketing
7 47 (2.11%) Front Office
8 37 (1.66%) Electronics
9 35 (1.57%) Telecoms
10 34 (1.53%) Investment Banking
11 32 (1.44%) Manufacturing
12 28 (1.26%) Law
13 26 (1.17%) Financial Institution
14 22 (0.99%) Online Betting
15 19 (0.85%) Billing
16 17 (0.76%) Back Office
16 17 (0.76%) Private Banking
17 12 (0.54%) Legal
18 9 (0.40%) Advertising
18 9 (0.40%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,549 (69.65%) Developer
2 1,167 (52.47%) Java Developer
3 426 (19.15%) Senior Developer
4 316 (14.21%) Java Engineer
5 310 (13.94%) Senior Java Developer
6 260 (11.69%) Software Engineer
7 197 (8.86%) Full Stack Developer
8 141 (6.34%) Java Software Engineer
9 125 (5.62%) Lead Developer
10 95 (4.27%) Lead Java Developer
11 88 (3.96%) Angular Developer
12 86 (3.87%) Software Developer
13 84 (3.78%) Senior Software Engineer
14 82 (3.69%) Senior Java Engineer
15 69 (3.10%) Architect
16 65 (2.92%) Backend Developer
17 58 (2.61%) React Developer
18 50 (2.25%) JavaScript Developer
19 49 (2.20%) Junior
20 47 (2.11%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,060 (47.66%) Spring Boot
2 522 (23.47%) AngularJS
3 492 (22.12%) Hibernate
4 425 (19.11%) REST
5 373 (16.77%) HTML
5 373 (16.77%) Kafka
6 365 (16.41%) Web Services
7 361 (16.23%) RESTful
8 331 (14.88%) CSS
8 331 (14.88%) React
9 313 (14.07%) Node.js
10 163 (7.33%) J2EE
11 154 (6.92%) HTML5
12 149 (6.70%) SOAP
13 142 (6.38%) RabbitMQ
14 139 (6.25%) JSON
15 128 (5.76%) Java EE
16 126 (5.67%) XML
17 124 (5.58%) JPA
18 118 (5.31%) .NET
Miscellaneous
1 145 (6.52%) Greenfield Project
2 116 (5.22%) Analytical Skills
3 109 (4.90%) User Experience
4 75 (3.37%) Enterprise Software
4 75 (3.37%) Mobile App
4 75 (3.37%) Self-Motivation
5 74 (3.33%) Cloud Native
6 62 (2.79%) Algorithms
7 56 (2.52%) Data Structures
8 54 (2.43%) NHS
9 33 (1.48%) Online Games
10 28 (1.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 26 (1.17%) N-Tier
12 24 (1.08%) Media Streaming
13 23 (1.03%) Public Cloud
13 23 (1.03%) Social Network
14 22 (0.99%) Bitcoin
14 22 (0.99%) Blog
15 21 (0.94%) iPad
15 21 (0.94%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 235 (10.57%) Linux
2 71 (3.19%) Unix
3 45 (2.02%) Windows
4 35 (1.57%) Android
5 27 (1.21%) Apple iOS
6 26 (1.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (0.45%) CentOS
7 10 (0.45%) Ubuntu
8 8 (0.36%) Windows Server
9 6 (0.27%) Solaris
10 2 (0.090%) Fedora
10 2 (0.090%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.045%) Debian
11 1 (0.045%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,262 (56.74%) Agile Software Development
2 1,014 (45.59%) Microservices
3 654 (29.41%) TDD
4 540 (24.28%) Software Engineering
5 536 (24.10%) DevOps
6 429 (19.29%) Scrum
7 339 (15.24%) BDD
8 299 (13.44%) Continuous Integration
9 260 (11.69%) Fintech
10 244 (10.97%) Test Automation
11 209 (9.40%) OO
12 201 (9.04%) MVC
13 178 (8.00%) Mentoring
14 162 (7.28%) Problem-Solving
15 149 (6.70%) Multithreading
15 149 (6.70%) Unit Testing
16 136 (6.12%) SDLC
17 134 (6.03%) Computer Science
18 124 (5.58%) Kanban
19 117 (5.26%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2,058 (92.54%) Java
2 702 (31.56%) JavaScript
3 600 (26.98%) SQL
4 556 (25.00%) Java 8
5 244 (10.97%) TypeScript
6 235 (10.57%) Python
7 196 (8.81%) Kotlin
8 160 (7.19%) C#
9 157 (7.06%) Scala
10 52 (2.34%) Groovy
11 51 (2.29%) PHP
12 48 (2.16%) Shell Script
13 44 (1.98%) PL/SQL
14 39 (1.75%) Bash Shell
15 38 (1.71%) C
16 33 (1.48%) Go
17 27 (1.21%) ES6
18 25 (1.12%) Ruby
19 23 (1.03%) XPath
20 19 (0.85%) C++
Qualifications
1 185 (8.32%) Security Cleared
2 170 (7.64%) SC Cleared
3 159 (7.15%) Degree
4 56 (2.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 23 (1.03%) DV Cleared
6 17 (0.76%) Master's Degree
7 16 (0.72%) SANS
8 11 (0.49%) HND
9 10 (0.45%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 5 (0.22%) HNC
10 5 (0.22%) PhD
11 3 (0.13%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.090%) AWS Certification
13 1 (0.045%) BPSS Clearance
13 1 (0.045%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 96 (4.32%) QA
2 26 (1.17%) WCAG
3 7 (0.31%) GDPR
3 7 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 6 (0.27%) SLA
5 2 (0.090%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.090%) MiFID
5 2 (0.090%) NCSC
6 1 (0.045%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.045%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 725 (32.60%) Docker
2 14 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
3 10 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
4 9 (0.40%) Postfix
5 8 (0.36%) Hyper-V
6 6 (0.27%) HDFS
6 6 (0.27%) vSphere
7 4 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.045%) KVM
Systems Management
1 549 (24.69%) Kubernetes
2 113 (5.08%) Ansible
3 105 (4.72%) Terraform
4 46 (2.07%) Puppet
5 27 (1.21%) Grafana
5 27 (1.21%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (0.67%) Kibana
7 12 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
7 12 (0.54%) Prometheus
8 7 (0.31%) Rancher
9 6 (0.27%) ITRS Geneos
10 4 (0.18%) Hadoop YARN
10 4 (0.18%) Nagios
11 3 (0.13%) Control-M
11 3 (0.13%) logstash
11 3 (0.13%) vRealize
11 3 (0.13%) Zipkin
12 2 (0.090%) HAProxy
12 2 (0.090%) Istio
12 2 (0.090%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 224 (10.07%) Oracle
2 151 (6.79%) Google
3 90 (4.05%) Microsoft
4 62 (2.79%) IBM
5 61 (2.74%) Red Hat
6 50 (2.25%) Splunk
7 44 (1.98%) SAP
8 32 (1.44%) ServiceNow
9 29 (1.30%) MuleSoft
10 26 (1.17%) Adobe
11 23 (1.03%) Atlassian
12 19 (0.85%) Solace
13 18 (0.81%) Guidewire
14 14 (0.63%) VMware
15 13 (0.58%) AppDynamics
15 13 (0.58%) TIBCO
15 13 (0.58%) WSO2
16 12 (0.54%) Apple
16 12 (0.54%) Databricks
16 12 (0.54%) Salesforce.com