Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 61 65 70
Rank change year-on-year +4 +5 +16
Permanent jobs citing REST 5,070 2,507 4,718
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.56% 4.40% 4.04%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.97% 10.37% 10.59%
Number of salaries quoted 2,855 2,025 3,715
10th Percentile £41,250 £36,250 £35,500
25th Percentile £51,250 £46,250 £43,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £55,500
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +8.11% +0.91%
75th Percentile £83,750 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £88,750 £85,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 42,363 24,178 44,565
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 38.06% 42.48% 38.15%
Number of salaries quoted 27,317 20,985 37,202
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £43,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +13.64% - +4.76%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Salary trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Salary histogram for REST in England

REST
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 21 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +10 3,101 £75,000 +7.14% 397
South East -16 649 £58,000 +5.45% 88
North of England -50 453 £55,000 +10.00% 122
Midlands -26 384 £55,000 +10.00% 76
North West -33 256 £57,500 +4.55% 76
West Midlands -32 254 £55,000 +4.76% 42
South West +3 239 £60,000 +20.00% 47
Yorkshire -30 177 £50,000 +11.11% 36
East of England -74 145 £63,750 +6.25% 37
East Midlands -13 130 £52,500 +25.00% 34
North East -43 21 £45,000 +2.86% 10
South Coast - 3 - -
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 2,589 (51.07%) Agile Software Development
2 2,235 (44.08%) JavaScript
3 1,824 (35.98%) Java
4 1,544 (30.45%) Microservices
5 1,484 (29.27%) AWS
6 1,482 (29.23%) React
7 1,325 (26.13%) SQL
8 1,289 (25.42%) Docker
9 1,259 (24.83%) Git (software)
10 1,251 (24.67%) CI/CD
11 1,234 (24.34%) HTML
12 1,214 (23.94%) Azure
13 1,210 (23.87%) C#
14 1,209 (23.85%) DevOps
15 1,186 (23.39%) Software Engineering
16 1,167 (23.02%) CSS
17 1,039 (20.49%) Finance
18 1,029 (20.30%) Python
19 1,021 (20.14%) .NET
20 1,013 (19.98%) AngularJS
21 974 (19.21%) TDD
22 931 (18.36%) Node.js
23 928 (18.30%) Web Services
24 924 (18.22%) Test Automation
25 918 (18.11%) Spring
26 899 (17.73%) Kubernetes
27 894 (17.63%) Scrum
28 892 (17.59%) SOAP
29 878 (17.32%) Social Skills
30 870 (17.16%) Full Stack Development

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 206 (4.06%) CMS
2 197 (3.89%) Elasticsearch
3 186 (3.67%) Confluence
4 114 (2.25%) Apache
5 85 (1.68%) Apache Spark
6 76 (1.50%) Tomcat
7 66 (1.30%) IIS
8 55 (1.08%) SharePoint
9 54 (1.07%) nginx
9 54 (1.07%) Umbraco
9 54 (1.07%) WordPress
10 47 (0.93%) Anypoint
11 43 (0.85%) Mule
12 38 (0.75%) Mule ESB
13 35 (0.69%) Jetty
14 32 (0.63%) OpenStack
15 28 (0.55%) JBoss
16 27 (0.53%) Headless CMS
17 25 (0.49%) Apache Airflow
17 25 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 31 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
2 29 (0.57%) Adobe XD
3 20 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
4 17 (0.34%) Sketch
5 14 (0.28%) InVision
6 11 (0.22%) MS Visio
6 11 (0.22%) OmniGraffle
7 10 (0.20%) Photoshop
8 9 (0.18%) Chatbot
9 7 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
10 4 (0.079%) Adobe Illustrator
11 3 (0.059%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 3 (0.059%) Microsoft Project
12 2 (0.039%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 2 (0.039%) Zeplin
13 1 (0.020%) Doxygen
Business Applications
1 32 (0.63%) Magento
1 32 (0.63%) Shopify
2 30 (0.59%) Payment Gateway
3 23 (0.45%) SAP Business One
4 22 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
5 8 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
5 8 (0.16%) R3 Corda
5 8 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 7 (0.14%) Maximo
7 6 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
7 6 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
8 5 (0.099%) Elite 3E
8 5 (0.099%) SAP Hybris
9 4 (0.079%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 4 (0.079%) NetSuite
10 3 (0.059%) Remedy ITSM
10 3 (0.059%) SAP S/4HANA
11 2 (0.039%) Dynamics NAV
11 2 (0.039%) Oracle Assets
11 2 (0.039%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 1,484 (29.27%) AWS
2 1,214 (23.94%) Azure
3 540 (10.65%) Serverless
4 515 (10.16%) GCP
5 471 (9.29%) SaaS
6 413 (8.15%) GitHub
7 184 (3.63%) Amazon S3
8 173 (3.41%) AWS Lambda
9 167 (3.29%) npm
10 164 (3.23%) Cloud Computing
11 158 (3.12%) OpenShift
12 136 (2.68%) Amazon EC2
13 117 (2.31%) Power Platform
14 106 (2.09%) iPaaS
14 106 (2.09%) PaaS
15 81 (1.60%) Amazon SQS
16 75 (1.48%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
17 74 (1.46%) Amazon Kinesis
18 71 (1.40%) Amazon ECS
19 70 (1.38%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 371 (7.32%) HTTP
2 94 (1.85%) Internet
3 84 (1.66%) Broadband
4 41 (0.81%) TCP/IP
5 39 (0.77%) Bluetooth
5 39 (0.77%) SSL
6 31 (0.61%) MQTT
7 25 (0.49%) DNS
8 24 (0.47%) 5G
9 22 (0.43%) DVB
9 22 (0.43%) SSH
10 16 (0.32%) FTP
10 16 (0.32%) VoIP
11 15 (0.30%) Firewall
11 15 (0.30%) Wi-Fi
12 12 (0.24%) HTTPS
13 11 (0.22%) NFC
13 11 (0.22%) WebEx
13 11 (0.22%) ZigBee
14 9 (0.18%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 669 (13.20%) SQL Server
2 625 (12.33%) PostgreSQL
3 615 (12.13%) NoSQL
4 608 (11.99%) MySQL
5 488 (9.63%) Relational Database
6 401 (7.91%) MongoDB
7 328 (6.47%) Redis
8 173 (3.41%) Big Data
9 170 (3.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 111 (2.19%) RDBMS
11 109 (2.15%) Amazon RDS
12 105 (2.07%) Power BI
13 104 (2.05%) Hadoop
14 99 (1.95%) Blockchain
15 94 (1.85%) Data Warehouse
16 90 (1.78%) Apache Cassandra
17 76 (1.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 58 (1.14%) Amazon Aurora
18 58 (1.14%) MariaDB
19 51 (1.01%) HBase
Development Applications
1 1,259 (24.83%) Git (software)
2 849 (16.75%) Jenkins
3 443 (8.74%) Selenium
4 438 (8.64%) JIRA
5 314 (6.19%) Postman
6 296 (5.84%) Cucumber
7 262 (5.17%) JUnit
8 216 (4.26%) GitLab
9 213 (4.20%) Maven
10 210 (4.14%) TeamCity
11 209 (4.12%) Cypress.io
12 203 (4.00%) webpack
13 168 (3.31%) Bitbucket
14 137 (2.70%) SpecFlow
15 135 (2.66%) Mockito
16 116 (2.29%) JMeter
17 109 (2.15%) Octopus Deploy
18 108 (2.13%) Visual Studio
19 105 (2.07%) Gradle
20 101 (1.99%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,039 (20.49%) Finance
2 878 (17.32%) Social Skills
3 437 (8.62%) Analytical Skills
4 292 (5.76%) Retail
5 282 (5.56%) Banking
6 249 (4.91%) Marketing
7 215 (4.24%) Games
8 172 (3.39%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 117 (2.31%) Law
10 76 (1.50%) Public Sector
10 76 (1.50%) Telecoms
11 71 (1.40%) Publishing
12 67 (1.32%) Presentation Skills
13 63 (1.24%) Advertising
14 56 (1.10%) Financial Institution
15 54 (1.07%) Manufacturing
16 53 (1.05%) Legal
17 48 (0.95%) Back Office
18 43 (0.85%) Pharmaceutical
19 39 (0.77%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,856 (56.33%) Developer
2 744 (14.67%) Senior Developer
3 592 (11.68%) Software Engineer
4 541 (10.67%) Java Developer
5 344 (6.79%) Full Stack Developer
6 320 (6.31%) Software Developer
7 311 (6.13%) .NET Developer
8 286 (5.64%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 243 (4.79%) Senior Software Engineer
10 226 (4.46%) Architect
11 196 (3.87%) Java Engineer
12 193 (3.81%) Lead Developer
13 184 (3.63%) React Developer
14 165 (3.25%) JavaScript Developer
15 151 (2.98%) C# Developer
16 150 (2.96%) Senior Java Developer
17 147 (2.90%) Backend Developer
18 146 (2.88%) Analyst
19 140 (2.76%) PHP Developer
20 138 (2.72%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,482 (29.23%) React
2 1,234 (24.34%) HTML
3 1,167 (23.02%) CSS
4 1,021 (20.14%) .NET
5 1,013 (19.98%) AngularJS
6 931 (18.36%) Node.js
7 928 (18.30%) Web Services
8 918 (18.11%) Spring
9 892 (17.59%) SOAP
10 760 (14.99%) JSON
11 629 (12.41%) Spring Boot
12 579 (11.42%) GraphQL
13 570 (11.24%) XML
14 535 (10.55%) HTML5
15 430 (8.48%) .NET Framework
16 411 (8.11%) Kafka
17 409 (8.07%) RESTful
18 389 (7.67%) ASP.NET
19 380 (7.50%) .NET Core
19 380 (7.50%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 620 (12.23%) User Experience
2 347 (6.84%) Greenfield Project
3 295 (5.82%) Self-Motivation
4 283 (5.58%) Mobile App
5 192 (3.79%) Virtual Team
6 148 (2.92%) Algorithms
7 135 (2.66%) Data Structures
8 128 (2.52%) Enterprise Software
8 128 (2.52%) Management Information System
9 120 (2.37%) Social Media
10 116 (2.29%) Cloud Native
11 105 (2.07%) Blog
12 94 (1.85%) Public Cloud
13 93 (1.83%) Linux Command Line
14 66 (1.30%) Client/Server
15 46 (0.91%) iPad
15 46 (0.91%) Over-the-Top Content
16 40 (0.79%) Equities
17 39 (0.77%) Legacy Systems
17 39 (0.77%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 670 (13.21%) Linux
2 268 (5.29%) Android
3 249 (4.91%) Windows
4 245 (4.83%) Apple iOS
5 235 (4.64%) Unix
6 55 (1.08%) Windows Server
7 32 (0.63%) Mac OS
8 23 (0.45%) Mesosphere
9 15 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
9 15 (0.30%) Ubuntu
10 10 (0.20%) Debian
10 10 (0.20%) Mac OS X
11 8 (0.16%) CentOS
12 5 (0.099%) VMS
13 3 (0.059%) Fedora
13 3 (0.059%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 2 (0.039%) Solaris
14 2 (0.039%) tvOS
14 2 (0.039%) Windows Server 2008
15 1 (0.020%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,589 (51.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1,544 (30.45%) Microservices
3 1,251 (24.67%) CI/CD
4 1,209 (23.85%) DevOps
5 1,186 (23.39%) Software Engineering
6 974 (19.21%) TDD
7 924 (18.22%) Test Automation
8 894 (17.63%) Scrum
9 870 (17.16%) Full Stack Development
10 822 (16.21%) Problem-Solving
11 802 (15.82%) Continuous Integration
12 564 (11.12%) BDD
13 557 (10.99%) OO
14 537 (10.59%) MVC
15 528 (10.41%) Mentoring
16 513 (10.12%) Unit Testing
17 489 (9.64%) Computer Science
18 472 (9.31%) Front End Development
19 413 (8.15%) Web Development
20 409 (8.07%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,235 (44.08%) JavaScript
2 1,824 (35.98%) Java
3 1,325 (26.13%) SQL
4 1,210 (23.87%) C#
5 1,029 (20.30%) Python
6 823 (16.23%) TypeScript
7 448 (8.84%) PHP
8 264 (5.21%) Java 8
9 259 (5.11%) ES6
10 220 (4.34%) C++
11 213 (4.20%) Go
12 208 (4.10%) Kotlin
13 168 (3.31%) PowerShell
14 156 (3.08%) C
15 129 (2.54%) Java 11
16 125 (2.47%) Shell Script
17 124 (2.45%) Apex Code
18 108 (2.13%) T-SQL
19 107 (2.11%) Perl
20 96 (1.89%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 633 (12.49%) Degree
2 289 (5.70%) Computer Science Degree
3 217 (4.28%) Security Cleared
4 189 (3.73%) SC Cleared
5 32 (0.63%) Master's Degree
6 30 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
7 26 (0.51%) ISTQB
8 20 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 12 (0.24%) DV Cleared
10 12 (0.24%) ISEB
11 10 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
11 10 (0.20%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 8 (0.16%) OCP
12 8 (0.16%) Oracle Certification
13 7 (0.14%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 6 (0.12%) MCPD
15 4 (0.079%) CCNA
15 4 (0.079%) Cisco Certification
15 4 (0.079%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 672 (13.25%) QA
2 121 (2.39%) Accessibility
3 33 (0.65%) Data Quality
4 22 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 17 (0.34%) PCI DSS
6 14 (0.28%) GDPR
7 13 (0.26%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 13 (0.26%) GxP
7 13 (0.26%) WCAG
8 12 (0.24%) SLA
9 11 (0.22%) GRC
10 7 (0.14%) COBIT
11 6 (0.12%) SEPA
12 4 (0.079%) DICOM
12 4 (0.079%) FATCA
13 3 (0.059%) HIPAA
13 3 (0.059%) ISO 13485
13 3 (0.059%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 2 (0.039%) PA-DSS
14 2 (0.039%) SOC 2
System Software
1 1,289 (25.42%) Docker
2 57 (1.12%) Active Directory
3 28 (0.55%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.32%) VMware ESXi
5 14 (0.28%) Varnish
6 11 (0.22%) HDFS
7 10 (0.20%) Postfix
8 9 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 9 (0.18%) Hyper-V
8 9 (0.18%) KVM
8 9 (0.18%) Xen
9 5 (0.099%) Firmware
9 5 (0.099%) vSphere
10 2 (0.039%) NFS
10 2 (0.039%) Virtual Machines
11 1 (0.020%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.020%) NDS
11 1 (0.020%) OpenAM
11 1 (0.020%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.020%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 899 (17.73%) Kubernetes
2 311 (6.13%) Terraform
3 240 (4.73%) Ansible
4 138 (2.72%) Prometheus
5 115 (2.27%) Opscode Chef
6 113 (2.23%) Grafana
7 88 (1.74%) Puppet
8 78 (1.54%) Kibana
9 75 (1.48%) logstash
10 32 (0.63%) Istio
11 31 (0.61%) Single Sign-On
12 27 (0.53%) Opsgenie
13 25 (0.49%) Hadoop YARN
13 25 (0.49%) MIIS
14 24 (0.47%) Automic
15 23 (0.45%) Consul
16 22 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
17 19 (0.37%) HAProxy
17 19 (0.37%) Rancher
18 18 (0.36%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 578 (11.40%) Microsoft
2 327 (6.45%) Google
3 319 (6.29%) Oracle
4 199 (3.93%) Salesforce.com
5 134 (2.64%) MuleSoft
6 108 (2.13%) ServiceNow
7 101 (1.99%) SAP
8 74 (1.46%) Red Hat
8 74 (1.46%) Splunk
9 66 (1.30%) IBM
10 60 (1.18%) Dell
11 46 (0.91%) Adobe
11 46 (0.91%) VMware
12 45 (0.89%) Apple
13 43 (0.85%) Atlassian
14 42 (0.83%) New Relic
15 38 (0.75%) Spotify
16 35 (0.69%) Zend
17 31 (0.61%) DocuSign
18 30 (0.59%) Cognizant