Period
to 15 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 15 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 66 69 83
Rank change year-on-year +3 +14 -4
Permanent jobs citing REST 2,456 4,688 5,116
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.36% 4.01% 3.64%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.14% 10.36% 9.19%
Number of salaries quoted 2,362 3,942 4,255
Median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,500 £33,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £83,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,209 45,263 55,640
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 42.95% 38.73% 39.59%
Number of salaries quoted 20,735 37,822 46,488
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £57,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +3.64% +4.76% +5.00%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Salary trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 15 January 2021.

Salary histogram for REST in England

REST
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 15 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -8 1,089 £70,000 - 297
South East +10 415 £57,500 +15.00% 78
North of England +3 344 £50,000 +11.11% 100
Midlands +61 264 £52,500 +9.38% 76
North West +7 198 £51,000 +13.33% 54
West Midlands +58 197 £55,000 +10.00% 54
South West -2 160 £50,000 +11.11% 39
East of England +58 146 £62,500 +13.64% 48
Yorkshire +7 115 £47,500 - 38
East Midlands +39 67 £41,500 +3.75% 22
North East -10 31 £47,500 +18.75% 8
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 15 January 2021, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 1,251 (50.94%) JavaScript
2 1,206 (49.10%) Agile Software Development
3 774 (31.51%) C#
4 767 (31.23%) .NET
5 735 (29.93%) SQL
6 722 (29.40%) Microservices
7 703 (28.62%) AngularJS
8 694 (28.26%) Java
9 674 (27.44%) CSS
10 665 (27.08%) HTML
11 661 (26.91%) AWS
12 643 (26.18%) Azure
13 588 (23.94%) React
14 587 (23.90%) TDD
15 586 (23.86%) DevOps
16 549 (22.35%) Git (software)
17 541 (22.03%) Web Services
18 521 (21.21%) SOAP
19 511 (20.81%) Docker
20 484 (19.71%) Node.js
21 470 (19.14%) SQL Server
22 458 (18.65%) Test Automation
23 437 (17.79%) Software Engineering
24 431 (17.55%) Python
25 429 (17.47%) Scrum
26 425 (17.30%) MVC
27 411 (16.73%) Finance
28 373 (15.19%) Spring
29 358 (14.58%) .NET Core
30 343 (13.97%) JSON

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (3.75%) CMS
2 74 (3.01%) Confluence
3 64 (2.61%) Elasticsearch
4 49 (2.00%) Tomcat
5 38 (1.55%) WordPress
6 37 (1.51%) Apache
7 36 (1.47%) IIS
8 35 (1.43%) JBoss
9 32 (1.30%) Umbraco
10 27 (1.10%) OpenStack
11 25 (1.02%) SharePoint
12 22 (0.90%) Apache Spark
13 17 (0.69%) Drupal
13 17 (0.69%) Red Hat Fuse
14 13 (0.53%) Mule
14 13 (0.53%) Mule ESB
15 11 (0.45%) WebSphere
16 10 (0.41%) Headless CMS
16 10 (0.41%) Moodle
17 9 (0.37%) Camunda
Applications
1 35 (1.43%) Figma
2 20 (0.81%) Adobe XD
3 17 (0.69%) Sketch
4 14 (0.57%) Photoshop
5 12 (0.49%) Zeplin
6 11 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
7 10 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 9 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
9 7 (0.29%) Chatbot
10 5 (0.20%) MS Visio
11 4 (0.16%) InVision
12 1 (0.041%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.041%) Microsoft Project
12 1 (0.041%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 31 (1.26%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.94%) Magento
3 16 (0.65%) Shopify
4 14 (0.57%) Siebel CRM
5 11 (0.45%) Oracle BPM
6 8 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
7 7 (0.29%) Elite 3E
7 7 (0.29%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 6 (0.24%) NetSuite
8 6 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 4 (0.16%) Social Studio
10 3 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
10 3 (0.12%) Maximo
10 3 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
11 2 (0.081%) Distributed Ledger
11 2 (0.081%) JDE EnterpriseOne
11 2 (0.081%) JDE OneWorld
11 2 (0.081%) Oracle ERP
11 2 (0.081%) SAP Business One
12 1 (0.041%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 661 (26.91%) AWS
2 643 (26.18%) Azure
3 210 (8.55%) SaaS
4 209 (8.51%) GCP
5 195 (7.94%) Serverless
6 115 (4.68%) AWS Lambda
7 86 (3.50%) GitHub
8 65 (2.65%) npm
9 54 (2.20%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
10 52 (2.12%) Amazon EC2
11 51 (2.08%) Cloud Computing
12 50 (2.04%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 49 (2.00%) Amazon ECS
14 46 (1.87%) Amazon EKS
14 46 (1.87%) Power Platform
15 39 (1.59%) PaaS
16 38 (1.55%) OpenShift
17 35 (1.43%) IaaS
18 33 (1.34%) Amazon S3
19 27 (1.10%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 129 (5.25%) HTTP
2 31 (1.26%) Internet
3 21 (0.86%) AMQP
4 19 (0.77%) Firewall
5 18 (0.73%) TCP/IP
6 15 (0.61%) Skype
7 12 (0.49%) SSL
8 10 (0.41%) Unified Communications
9 8 (0.33%) RTP
10 7 (0.29%) DNS
11 6 (0.24%) DHCP
12 5 (0.20%) FTP
12 5 (0.20%) SSH
12 5 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
13 4 (0.16%) SNMP
14 3 (0.12%) Bluetooth
14 3 (0.12%) SMPP
14 3 (0.12%) SMTP
14 3 (0.12%) Wireless
14 3 (0.12%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 470 (19.14%) SQL Server
2 288 (11.73%) MongoDB
3 266 (10.83%) NoSQL
4 240 (9.77%) MySQL
5 175 (7.13%) PostgreSQL
6 146 (5.94%) Relational Database
7 87 (3.54%) Redis
8 53 (2.16%) Big Data
9 51 (2.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 50 (2.04%) SQL Server 2012
11 43 (1.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 40 (1.63%) Power BI
13 39 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
14 38 (1.55%) Amazon RDS
15 37 (1.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 28 (1.14%) Blockchain
17 26 (1.06%) Hadoop
18 21 (0.86%) Apache Cassandra
19 19 (0.77%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 18 (0.73%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 549 (22.35%) Git (software)
2 257 (10.46%) Jenkins
3 188 (7.65%) JIRA
4 157 (6.39%) JUnit
5 120 (4.89%) Selenium
6 98 (3.99%) Maven
7 82 (3.34%) TeamCity
8 69 (2.81%) Mockito
8 69 (2.81%) Visual Studio
9 67 (2.73%) webpack
10 66 (2.69%) Team Foundation Server
11 64 (2.61%) Cucumber
12 53 (2.16%) NUnit
13 44 (1.79%) Subversion
14 41 (1.67%) gulp
15 40 (1.63%) Gradle
15 40 (1.63%) IntelliJ
16 36 (1.47%) Octopus Deploy
16 36 (1.47%) SonarQube
17 33 (1.34%) Bitbucket
General
1 411 (16.73%) Finance
2 157 (6.39%) Marketing
3 86 (3.50%) Public Sector
4 81 (3.30%) Banking
5 80 (3.26%) Telecoms
6 60 (2.44%) Electronics
7 58 (2.36%) Manufacturing
8 47 (1.91%) Retail
9 37 (1.51%) Games
10 32 (1.30%) Legal
11 30 (1.22%) Law
12 22 (0.90%) Advertising
13 18 (0.73%) Automotive
14 15 (0.61%) Local Government
15 14 (0.57%) Financial Institution
16 8 (0.33%) Front Office
17 7 (0.29%) Back Office
18 4 (0.16%) Aerospace
18 4 (0.16%) Police
18 4 (0.16%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,643 (66.90%) Developer
2 351 (14.29%) Senior Developer
3 316 (12.87%) .NET Developer
4 301 (12.26%) Java Developer
5 240 (9.77%) Full Stack Developer
6 204 (8.31%) C# Developer
7 166 (6.76%) Software Engineer
8 162 (6.60%) Software Developer
9 141 (5.74%) C# .NET Developer
10 139 (5.66%) Architect
11 131 (5.33%) Lead Developer
12 113 (4.60%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 113 (4.60%) PHP Developer
13 109 (4.44%) JavaScript Developer
14 101 (4.11%) React Developer
15 97 (3.95%) Python Developer
16 95 (3.87%) Salesforce Developer
17 92 (3.75%) Angular Developer
18 91 (3.71%) Backend Developer
19 88 (3.58%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 767 (31.23%) .NET
2 703 (28.62%) AngularJS
3 674 (27.44%) CSS
4 665 (27.08%) HTML
5 588 (23.94%) React
6 541 (22.03%) Web Services
7 521 (21.21%) SOAP
8 484 (19.71%) Node.js
9 373 (15.19%) Spring
10 358 (14.58%) .NET Core
11 343 (13.97%) JSON
12 285 (11.60%) ASP.NET
13 257 (10.46%) .NET Framework
14 253 (10.30%) HTML5
15 217 (8.84%) jQuery
16 215 (8.75%) XML
17 190 (7.74%) ASP.NET Web API
18 185 (7.53%) RESTful
19 178 (7.25%) Vue.js
20 174 (7.08%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 200 (8.14%) User Experience
2 133 (5.42%) Mobile App
3 121 (4.93%) Analytical Skills
4 113 (4.60%) Greenfield Project
5 69 (2.81%) Algorithms
6 60 (2.44%) Data Structures
6 60 (2.44%) Management Information System
6 60 (2.44%) Self-Motivation
7 52 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
8 51 (2.08%) Cloud Native
9 47 (1.91%) Blog
10 28 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
11 20 (0.81%) Hedge funds
11 20 (0.81%) Social Media
12 19 (0.77%) Bitcoin
12 19 (0.77%) Client/Server
12 19 (0.77%) Public Cloud
13 18 (0.73%) Private Cloud
14 14 (0.57%) N-Tier
15 13 (0.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 225 (9.16%) Linux
2 147 (5.99%) Windows
3 93 (3.79%) Android
4 82 (3.34%) Apple iOS
5 48 (1.95%) Unix
6 15 (0.61%) CentOS
7 10 (0.41%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.37%) VMS
9 8 (0.33%) Mac OS X
10 7 (0.29%) Amazon Linux
11 6 (0.24%) Windows Server
12 5 (0.20%) Fedora
13 4 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 3 (0.12%) AIX
14 3 (0.12%) Solaris
14 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
15 1 (0.041%) Debian
15 1 (0.041%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,206 (49.10%) Agile Software Development
2 722 (29.40%) Microservices
3 587 (23.90%) TDD
4 586 (23.86%) DevOps
5 458 (18.65%) Test Automation
6 437 (17.79%) Software Engineering
7 429 (17.47%) Scrum
8 425 (17.30%) MVC
9 317 (12.91%) Unit Testing
10 298 (12.13%) BDD
11 282 (11.48%) Continuous Integration
11 282 (11.48%) Fintech
12 215 (8.75%) OO
12 215 (8.75%) Problem-Solving
13 200 (8.14%) Open Source
14 173 (7.04%) Web Development
15 172 (7.00%) Front End Development
15 172 (7.00%) Mentoring
15 172 (7.00%) SDLC
16 168 (6.84%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 1,251 (50.94%) JavaScript
2 774 (31.51%) C#
3 735 (29.93%) SQL
4 694 (28.26%) Java
5 431 (17.55%) Python
6 229 (9.32%) PHP
6 229 (9.32%) TypeScript
7 161 (6.56%) Java 8
8 109 (4.44%) Go
9 100 (4.07%) T-SQL
10 99 (4.03%) C++
11 86 (3.50%) Apex Code
12 83 (3.38%) PowerShell
13 53 (2.16%) ES6
14 42 (1.71%) SOQL
15 40 (1.63%) Scala
16 35 (1.43%) C
17 32 (1.30%) VB.NET
18 28 (1.14%) Bash Shell
19 27 (1.10%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 301 (12.26%) Degree
2 86 (3.50%) Security Cleared
3 79 (3.22%) SC Cleared
4 73 (2.97%) Computer Science Degree
5 30 (1.22%) ISEB
5 30 (1.22%) ISTQB
6 23 (0.94%) PhD
7 16 (0.65%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 16 (0.65%) Master's Degree
8 7 (0.29%) DV Cleared
8 7 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
8 7 (0.29%) TOGAF Certification
9 3 (0.12%) DBS Check
9 3 (0.12%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 3 (0.12%) MCPD
9 3 (0.12%) Oracle Certification
10 2 (0.081%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.081%) ISEB Practitioner
10 2 (0.081%) Numerate Degree
10 2 (0.081%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 148 (6.03%) QA
2 21 (0.86%) GDPR
3 8 (0.33%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.29%) ISO 9001
4 7 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.24%) PSD2
6 5 (0.20%) SLA
7 3 (0.12%) HL7
8 1 (0.041%) ISO 13485
8 1 (0.041%) MiFID
8 1 (0.041%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 511 (20.81%) Docker
2 21 (0.86%) Active Directory
3 18 (0.73%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (0.41%) Postfix
5 8 (0.33%) Hyper-V
6 7 (0.29%) vSphere
7 4 (0.16%) KVM
7 4 (0.16%) Varnish
8 3 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.12%) zsh
9 1 (0.041%) Firmware
9 1 (0.041%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 307 (12.50%) Kubernetes
2 81 (3.30%) Terraform
3 71 (2.89%) Ansible
4 40 (1.63%) Puppet
5 16 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
6 15 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
7 8 (0.33%) MIIS
8 7 (0.29%) Kibana
9 6 (0.24%) Grafana
9 6 (0.24%) Salt
10 5 (0.20%) logstash
11 4 (0.16%) Rancher
12 3 (0.12%) cPanel
12 3 (0.12%) ITRS Geneos
12 3 (0.12%) Plesk
12 3 (0.12%) Prometheus
12 3 (0.12%) vRealize
13 2 (0.081%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
13 2 (0.081%) Docker Swarm
14 1 (0.041%) PingFederate
Vendors
1 261 (10.63%) Microsoft
2 161 (6.56%) Google
3 123 (5.01%) Salesforce.com
4 84 (3.42%) Oracle
5 54 (2.20%) SAP
6 50 (2.04%) VMware
7 33 (1.34%) Adobe
8 29 (1.18%) Zend
9 28 (1.14%) Red Hat
9 28 (1.14%) Xamarin
10 25 (1.02%) IBM
11 23 (0.94%) Atlassian
12 17 (0.69%) MuleSoft
13 15 (0.61%) TIBCO
14 14 (0.57%) Pega
14 14 (0.57%) Siebel
14 14 (0.57%) WSO2
15 13 (0.53%) Twitter
16 11 (0.45%) ServiceNow
17 10 (0.41%) HubSpot