Period
to 9 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 9 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
9 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 69 85 82
Rank change year-on-year +16 -3 -1
Permanent jobs citing REST 2,937 4,740 6,063
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.09% 3.48% 3.65%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.28% 9.16% 9.02%
Number of salaries quoted 2,648 4,067 5,041
Median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £80,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 28,577 51,754 67,242
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.82% 38.03% 40.51%
Number of salaries quoted 23,918 42,976 56,446
Median annual salary £57,500 £54,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.48% +8.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £81,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Salary trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Salary histogram for REST in England

REST
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 9 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +18 1,520 £70,000 - 121
South East +17 552 £50,000 -4.76% 51
North of England +36 359 £47,500 - 67
North West +35 218 £50,000 - 37
South West +21 196 £47,500 +5.56% 32
Midlands +47 186 £50,000 +6.38% 34
West Midlands +97 135 £50,000 - 26
East of England +20 119 £52,500 - 24
Yorkshire +42 114 £45,250 +0.56% 25
East Midlands +1 49 £42,500 +3.66% 8
North East +27 27 £45,000 - 5
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 9 July 2020, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 1,574 (53.59%) Agile Software Development
2 1,281 (43.62%) JavaScript
3 940 (32.01%) Java
4 893 (30.41%) CSS
5 888 (30.23%) .NET
6 878 (29.89%) HTML
7 867 (29.52%) C#
8 862 (29.35%) AWS
9 831 (28.29%) SQL
10 758 (25.81%) SOAP
11 756 (25.74%) Web Services
12 722 (24.58%) AngularJS
13 669 (22.78%) TDD
14 662 (22.54%) Microservices
15 654 (22.27%) Azure
16 637 (21.69%) React
17 605 (20.60%) Git (software)
18 566 (19.27%) Docker
19 556 (18.93%) DevOps
20 553 (18.83%) Software Engineering
21 533 (18.15%) SQL Server
22 529 (18.01%) Scrum
23 518 (17.64%) Finance
24 497 (16.92%) MVC
25 482 (16.41%) Python
26 462 (15.73%) JSON
27 453 (15.42%) Node.js
28 413 (14.06%) XML
29 397 (13.52%) Continuous Integration
30 394 (13.42%) Test Automation

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 117 (3.98%) Elasticsearch
2 105 (3.58%) Confluence
2 105 (3.58%) Tomcat
3 93 (3.17%) CMS
4 73 (2.49%) IIS
5 68 (2.32%) Apache
6 52 (1.77%) EPiServer
7 48 (1.63%) Apache Spark
8 31 (1.06%) WebSphere
9 30 (1.02%) WordPress
10 27 (0.92%) SharePoint
11 20 (0.68%) Umbraco
12 19 (0.65%) Red Hat Fuse
13 17 (0.58%) JBoss
14 15 (0.51%) BizTalk Server
14 15 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 13 (0.44%) nginx
15 13 (0.44%) Sitecore CMS
16 12 (0.41%) Moodle
16 12 (0.41%) Mule
Applications
1 50 (1.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 9 (0.31%) Adobe XD
3 9 (0.31%) InVision
3 9 (0.31%) Zeplin
4 7 (0.24%) Gliffy
4 7 (0.24%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.20%) Sketch
6 5 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.10%) Microsoft Office
8 1 (0.034%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.034%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 38 (1.29%) Magento
2 16 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
3 12 (0.41%) Distributed Ledger
3 12 (0.41%) SAP S/4HANA
4 9 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
4 9 (0.31%) Shopify
5 7 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
6 6 (0.20%) Oracle CRM
7 5 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
7 5 (0.17%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 5 (0.17%) Maximo
7 5 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
7 5 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
7 5 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
7 5 (0.17%) R3 Corda
8 4 (0.14%) Eikon
8 4 (0.14%) OpenText MBPM
8 4 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
8 4 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 4 (0.14%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 862 (29.35%) AWS
2 654 (22.27%) Azure
3 218 (7.42%) SaaS
4 160 (5.45%) Serverless
5 159 (5.41%) GCP
6 130 (4.43%) GitHub
7 97 (3.30%) AWS Lambda
8 81 (2.76%) Amazon EC2
9 70 (2.38%) Cloud Computing
10 68 (2.32%) npm
11 59 (2.01%) PaaS
12 49 (1.67%) AWS CloudFormation
12 49 (1.67%) Power Platform
13 35 (1.19%) IaaS
14 34 (1.16%) Amazon ECS
14 34 (1.16%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
15 33 (1.12%) Amazon S3
16 29 (0.99%) Amazon SQS
16 29 (0.99%) Dynamics 365
17 27 (0.92%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 211 (7.18%) HTTP
2 53 (1.80%) TCP/IP
3 49 (1.67%) Internet
4 35 (1.19%) DNS
5 31 (1.06%) VoIP
6 25 (0.85%) FTP
7 24 (0.82%) WAN
8 18 (0.61%) Firewall
8 18 (0.61%) SSH
9 17 (0.58%) RTP
10 15 (0.51%) IPsec
11 14 (0.48%) SSL
12 12 (0.41%) Network Security
13 11 (0.37%) Cisco ISE
13 11 (0.37%) MPLS
13 11 (0.37%) VPN
13 11 (0.37%) WLAN
14 9 (0.31%) BGP
14 9 (0.31%) OSPF
15 8 (0.27%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 533 (18.15%) SQL Server
2 344 (11.71%) MySQL
3 271 (9.23%) NoSQL
4 247 (8.41%) PostgreSQL
5 219 (7.46%) MongoDB
6 160 (5.45%) Relational Database
7 84 (2.86%) Redis
8 68 (2.32%) Big Data
9 62 (2.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 57 (1.94%) Data Warehouse
11 54 (1.84%) Hadoop
12 53 (1.80%) Amazon RDS
12 53 (1.80%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 49 (1.67%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 46 (1.57%) Power BI
15 41 (1.40%) SQL Server 2012
16 39 (1.33%) RDBMS
17 36 (1.23%) Apache Cassandra
18 28 (0.95%) Blockchain
19 26 (0.89%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 605 (20.60%) Git (software)
2 331 (11.27%) Jenkins
3 246 (8.38%) JIRA
4 189 (6.44%) Selenium
5 173 (5.89%) JUnit
6 166 (5.65%) Maven
7 147 (5.01%) webpack
8 142 (4.83%) Visual Studio
9 106 (3.61%) Cucumber
10 95 (3.23%) NUnit
11 87 (2.96%) Bitbucket
12 79 (2.69%) Team Foundation Server
13 74 (2.52%) Mockito
14 64 (2.18%) Jasmine
14 64 (2.18%) TeamCity
15 54 (1.84%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 53 (1.80%) SonarQube
17 50 (1.70%) MSTest
17 50 (1.70%) Octopus Deploy
18 47 (1.60%) Subversion
General
1 518 (17.64%) Finance
2 146 (4.97%) Banking
3 142 (4.83%) Marketing
4 107 (3.64%) Retail
5 47 (1.60%) Telecoms
6 43 (1.46%) Law
7 40 (1.36%) Games
8 38 (1.29%) Front Office
9 36 (1.23%) Investment Banking
10 32 (1.09%) Public Sector
11 30 (1.02%) Legal
12 29 (0.99%) Manufacturing
13 23 (0.78%) Advertising
14 21 (0.72%) Back Office
15 16 (0.54%) Aerospace
15 16 (0.54%) Financial Institution
15 16 (0.54%) Publishing
16 11 (0.37%) Automotive
17 8 (0.27%) Music Industry
18 6 (0.20%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1,959 (66.70%) Developer
2 446 (15.19%) Senior Developer
3 367 (12.50%) Java Developer
4 311 (10.59%) .NET Developer
5 285 (9.70%) C# Developer
6 241 (8.21%) Software Engineer
7 230 (7.83%) Full Stack Developer
8 202 (6.88%) Software Developer
9 188 (6.40%) C# .NET Developer
10 176 (5.99%) PHP Developer
11 157 (5.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 141 (4.80%) Architect
12 141 (4.80%) React Developer
13 121 (4.12%) JavaScript Developer
14 108 (3.68%) Python Developer
14 108 (3.68%) Senior Java Developer
15 85 (2.89%) Angular Developer
16 84 (2.86%) Lead Developer
17 82 (2.79%) Web Developer
18 77 (2.62%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 893 (30.41%) CSS
2 888 (30.23%) .NET
3 878 (29.89%) HTML
4 758 (25.81%) SOAP
5 756 (25.74%) Web Services
6 722 (24.58%) AngularJS
7 637 (21.69%) React
8 462 (15.73%) JSON
9 453 (15.42%) Node.js
10 413 (14.06%) XML
11 371 (12.63%) Spring
12 362 (12.33%) .NET Core
13 350 (11.92%) ASP.NET Web API
14 343 (11.68%) ASP.NET
15 300 (10.21%) .NET Framework
15 300 (10.21%) jQuery
16 281 (9.57%) HTML5
17 231 (7.87%) Redux
18 217 (7.39%) Sass
19 193 (6.57%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 233 (7.93%) Greenfield Project
2 206 (7.01%) User Experience
3 174 (5.92%) Mobile App
4 160 (5.45%) Analytical Skills
5 97 (3.30%) Self-Motivation
6 82 (2.79%) Cloud Native
7 62 (2.11%) Data Structures
8 57 (1.94%) Algorithms
9 56 (1.91%) Public Cloud
10 48 (1.63%) Linux Command Line
11 40 (1.36%) Enterprise Software
12 30 (1.02%) Data Centre
13 26 (0.89%) Market Risk
14 23 (0.78%) PKI
15 22 (0.75%) Virtual Team
16 21 (0.72%) Marketing Technology
17 19 (0.65%) Blog
17 19 (0.65%) Hedge funds
18 18 (0.61%) N-Tier
19 16 (0.54%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 368 (12.53%) Linux
2 173 (5.89%) Windows
3 114 (3.88%) Android
4 104 (3.54%) Apple iOS
5 73 (2.49%) Unix
6 29 (0.99%) Ubuntu
7 27 (0.92%) Mac OS X
8 21 (0.72%) Windows Server
9 17 (0.58%) CentOS
10 13 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 6 (0.20%) VMS
12 4 (0.14%) Amazon Linux
12 4 (0.14%) Fedora
13 2 (0.068%) Debian
13 2 (0.068%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.068%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.068%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.034%) MVS
14 1 (0.034%) Windows Embedded Compact
14 1 (0.034%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,574 (53.59%) Agile Software Development
2 669 (22.78%) TDD
3 662 (22.54%) Microservices
4 556 (18.93%) DevOps
5 553 (18.83%) Software Engineering
6 529 (18.01%) Scrum
7 497 (16.92%) MVC
8 397 (13.52%) Continuous Integration
9 394 (13.42%) Test Automation
10 353 (12.02%) BDD
11 334 (11.37%) Problem-Solving
12 300 (10.21%) OO
13 294 (10.01%) Web Development
14 280 (9.53%) Fintech
15 257 (8.75%) Unit Testing
16 244 (8.31%) Front End Development
17 195 (6.64%) SDLC
18 192 (6.54%) OOP
19 191 (6.50%) Computer Science
20 178 (6.06%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,281 (43.62%) JavaScript
2 940 (32.01%) Java
3 867 (29.52%) C#
4 831 (28.29%) SQL
5 482 (16.41%) Python
6 346 (11.78%) PHP
7 240 (8.17%) TypeScript
8 182 (6.20%) Java 8
9 134 (4.56%) C++
10 107 (3.64%) T-SQL
11 98 (3.34%) Go
12 93 (3.17%) ES6
13 91 (3.10%) PowerShell
14 89 (3.03%) Ruby
15 82 (2.79%) C
16 78 (2.66%) Kotlin
17 66 (2.25%) Bash Shell
18 59 (2.01%) Apex Code
19 55 (1.87%) Scala
20 53 (1.80%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 254 (8.65%) Degree
2 124 (4.22%) Computer Science Degree
3 92 (3.13%) Security Cleared
4 71 (2.42%) SC Cleared
5 27 (0.92%) ISTQB
6 24 (0.82%) ISEB
7 13 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
8 12 (0.41%) CCNP
9 11 (0.37%) DV Cleared
9 11 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
10 10 (0.34%) Master's Degree
11 9 (0.31%) CEH
11 9 (0.31%) GWAPT
11 9 (0.31%) HND
11 9 (0.31%) OSCP
12 8 (0.27%) PhD
13 6 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 6 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
14 5 (0.17%) PMI Certification
14 5 (0.17%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 161 (5.48%) QA
2 29 (0.99%) GDPR
3 17 (0.58%) PCI DSS
4 13 (0.44%) Data Quality
5 7 (0.24%) Government Security Classifications
5 7 (0.24%) NCSC
6 6 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.17%) ISO 9001
7 5 (0.17%) SLA
8 3 (0.10%) MiFID
8 3 (0.10%) PMO
9 2 (0.068%) PSD2
10 1 (0.034%) Basel III
10 1 (0.034%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.034%) EMIR
10 1 (0.034%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.034%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 566 (19.27%) Docker
2 43 (1.46%) VMware Infrastructure
3 37 (1.26%) vSphere
4 22 (0.75%) Active Directory
5 12 (0.41%) NFS
6 10 (0.34%) Hyper-V
7 8 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
8 7 (0.24%) Xen
9 6 (0.20%) Kamailio
9 6 (0.20%) Postfix
10 5 (0.17%) ACF2
10 5 (0.17%) RACF
11 4 (0.14%) Varnish
12 3 (0.10%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 3 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
13 2 (0.068%) Firmware
14 1 (0.034%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 1 (0.034%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 337 (11.47%) Kubernetes
2 107 (3.64%) Terraform
3 63 (2.15%) Ansible
4 40 (1.36%) Kibana
5 30 (1.02%) Grafana
6 23 (0.78%) Puppet
7 20 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
8 19 (0.65%) Mesos
9 18 (0.61%) logstash
10 15 (0.51%) Prometheus
11 13 (0.44%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 11 (0.37%) Marathon
13 9 (0.31%) Rancher
13 9 (0.31%) ZABBIX
14 7 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
15 5 (0.17%) Oracle Identity Management
15 5 (0.17%) vRealize
16 4 (0.14%) Nagios
17 3 (0.10%) CloudHub
18 2 (0.068%) Icinga
Vendors
1 345 (11.75%) Microsoft
2 167 (5.69%) Oracle
3 119 (4.05%) Google
4 102 (3.47%) Salesforce.com
5 56 (1.91%) Zend
6 55 (1.87%) VMware
7 46 (1.57%) Atlassian
8 34 (1.16%) IBM
8 34 (1.16%) SAP
9 27 (0.92%) Apple
10 26 (0.89%) Adobe
11 23 (0.78%) Red Hat
12 22 (0.75%) Xamarin
13 21 (0.72%) Pardot
14 19 (0.65%) Sitecore
15 18 (0.61%) Dell
15 18 (0.61%) webMethods
16 16 (0.54%) NetIQ
17 15 (0.51%) ServiceNow
17 15 (0.51%) Tableau