Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 65 53 71
Rank change year-on-year -12 +18 +18
Permanent jobs citing REST 7,450 5,051 2,993
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.96% 5.33% 4.12%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.66% 12.97% 10.48%
Number of salaries quoted 2,969 2,926 2,425
10th Percentile £41,250 £36,250 £37,500
25th Percentile £51,250 £45,000 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -4.35%
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £90,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -1.08%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 58,832 38,958 28,565
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.17% 41.08% 39.28%
Number of salaries quoted 26,825 26,911 24,057
10th Percentile £38,000 £35,000 £33,750
25th Percentile £47,500 £43,750 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £57,500 £57,105
Median % change year-on-year +13.04% +0.69% +8.77%
75th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £91,250
UK median annual salary £64,500 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +12.17% +4.55% +4.76%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Salary trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for REST in England

REST
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -6 5,274 £75,000 +7.14% 279
South East -44 713 £60,000 +14.29% 58
North of England -40 505 £55,000 +10.00% 71
Midlands -27 389 £55,000 +10.00% 54
North West -27 272 £57,500 +15.00% 33
South West -43 262 £55,000 +10.00% 37
West Midlands -45 238 £55,000 +10.00% 38
East of England -56 199 £50,000 -13.04% 29
Yorkshire -41 189 £55,000 +4.76% 30
East Midlands -5 151 £55,000 +15.79% 15
North East -13 44 £25,000 -28.57% 8
South Coast - 1 - -
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 4,199 (56.36%) Agile
2 3,257 (43.72%) JavaScript
3 2,711 (36.39%) Java
4 2,533 (34.00%) AWS
5 2,497 (33.52%) Microservices
6 2,283 (30.64%) React
7 2,247 (30.16%) Software Engineering
8 2,230 (29.93%) Git (software)
9 2,202 (29.56%) CI/CD
10 2,179 (29.25%) SQL
11 2,114 (28.38%) Docker
12 1,939 (26.03%) Finance
13 1,814 (24.35%) Test Automation
14 1,801 (24.17%) HTML
15 1,795 (24.09%) DevOps
16 1,762 (23.65%) CSS
17 1,744 (23.41%) Python
18 1,658 (22.26%) Social Skills
19 1,609 (21.60%) Azure
20 1,585 (21.28%) TDD
21 1,583 (21.25%) Kubernetes
22 1,578 (21.18%) C#
23 1,572 (21.10%) Scrum
24 1,568 (21.05%) Node.js
25 1,411 (18.94%) TypeScript
25 1,411 (18.94%) .NET
26 1,361 (18.27%) Spring
27 1,332 (17.88%) Full Stack Development
28 1,303 (17.49%) Problem-Solving
29 1,301 (17.46%) AngularJS

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 254 (3.41%) CMS
2 197 (2.64%) Confluence
3 146 (1.96%) Apache Spark
4 127 (1.70%) IIS
5 114 (1.53%) Apache
6 99 (1.33%) nginx
7 81 (1.09%) Jetty
8 71 (0.95%) Headless CMS
9 64 (0.86%) SharePoint
10 60 (0.81%) Apache Airflow
11 54 (0.72%) Cloud Foundry
12 50 (0.67%) OpenStack
13 46 (0.62%) Tomcat
14 43 (0.58%) Tornado
15 41 (0.55%) Umbraco
16 33 (0.44%) Mule
17 32 (0.43%) WordPress
18 25 (0.34%) Drupal
19 23 (0.31%) JBoss
19 23 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 54 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
2 48 (0.64%) Sketch
3 36 (0.48%) Photoshop
4 33 (0.44%) Adobe XD
5 31 (0.42%) Chatbot
6 28 (0.38%) InVision
6 28 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
7 22 (0.30%) OmniGraffle
8 13 (0.17%) Maya
9 7 (0.094%) InDesign
10 5 (0.067%) FileZilla
11 4 (0.054%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.054%) MS Visio
12 3 (0.040%) Spreadsheet
13 2 (0.027%) GIMP
13 2 (0.027%) MadCap Flare
13 2 (0.027%) Pixelmator
14 1 (0.013%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 1 (0.013%) Notepad++
14 1 (0.013%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 48 (0.64%) Payment Gateway
2 42 (0.56%) Dynamics CRM
3 32 (0.43%) Magento
4 28 (0.38%) Shopify
5 15 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
6 13 (0.17%) Maximo
6 13 (0.17%) SAP ERP
6 13 (0.17%) SAP MDG
7 9 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
7 9 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
8 5 (0.067%) R3 Corda
9 3 (0.040%) Oracle BPM
9 3 (0.040%) Social Studio
10 2 (0.027%) NetSuite
10 2 (0.027%) Oracle General Ledger
10 2 (0.027%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 2 (0.027%) Remedy ITSM
10 2 (0.027%) SAP Business One
10 2 (0.027%) SAP GRC
10 2 (0.027%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 2,533 (34.00%) AWS
2 1,609 (21.60%) Azure
3 907 (12.17%) GCP
4 904 (12.13%) Serverless
5 632 (8.48%) GitHub
6 526 (7.06%) SaaS
7 416 (5.58%) Azure DevOps
8 413 (5.54%) AWS Lambda
9 353 (4.74%) Amazon S3
10 236 (3.17%) npm
11 210 (2.82%) PaaS
12 202 (2.71%) Cloud Computing
13 191 (2.56%) OpenShift
14 182 (2.44%) Power Platform
15 179 (2.40%) Amazon SQS
16 176 (2.36%) Amazon ECS
16 176 (2.36%) AWS CloudFormation
17 168 (2.26%) Amazon EC2
18 129 (1.73%) Slack
19 123 (1.65%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 726 (9.74%) HTTP
2 177 (2.38%) Internet
3 79 (1.06%) Broadband
4 66 (0.89%) TCP/IP
5 53 (0.71%) VoIP
6 45 (0.60%) MQTT
7 43 (0.58%) WebEx
8 31 (0.42%) DNS
8 31 (0.42%) SSL
9 24 (0.32%) SSH
10 22 (0.30%) FTP
10 22 (0.30%) Network Security
11 19 (0.26%) AMQP
12 17 (0.23%) 5G
13 15 (0.20%) Bluetooth
14 14 (0.19%) SMS
14 14 (0.19%) VPN
14 14 (0.19%) Wireshark
15 13 (0.17%) BGP
15 13 (0.17%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,111 (14.91%) PostgreSQL
2 1,048 (14.07%) NoSQL
3 854 (11.46%) MySQL
4 849 (11.40%) Relational Database
5 776 (10.42%) SQL Server
6 610 (8.19%) Redis
7 583 (7.83%) MongoDB
8 372 (4.99%) DynamoDB
9 361 (4.85%) Elasticsearch
10 301 (4.04%) Big Data
11 190 (2.55%) RDBMS
12 180 (2.42%) Hadoop
13 164 (2.20%) Amazon RDS
14 141 (1.89%) Power BI
15 129 (1.73%) Apache Cassandra
16 128 (1.72%) Amazon Aurora
17 125 (1.68%) BigQuery
18 99 (1.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 98 (1.32%) Hazelcast
20 97 (1.30%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 2,230 (29.93%) Git (software)
2 1,274 (17.10%) Jenkins
3 629 (8.44%) Selenium
4 618 (8.30%) JIRA
5 467 (6.27%) JUnit
6 423 (5.68%) Cypress.io
7 407 (5.46%) Maven
8 393 (5.28%) webpack
9 385 (5.17%) Postman
10 381 (5.11%) Cucumber
11 335 (4.50%) TeamCity
12 314 (4.21%) GitLab
13 291 (3.91%) Bitbucket
14 249 (3.34%) Mockito
15 244 (3.28%) SpecFlow
16 238 (3.19%) JMeter
17 227 (3.05%) Gradle
18 190 (2.55%) Octopus Deploy
19 175 (2.35%) Mocha
20 166 (2.23%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,939 (26.03%) Finance
2 1,658 (22.26%) Social Skills
3 700 (9.40%) Analytical Skills
4 512 (6.87%) Banking
5 489 (6.56%) Games
6 486 (6.52%) Retail
7 398 (5.34%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 394 (5.29%) Marketing
9 250 (3.36%) Legal
10 184 (2.47%) Publishing
11 183 (2.46%) Law
12 180 (2.42%) Organisational Skills
13 171 (2.30%) Public Sector
14 153 (2.05%) Telecoms
15 146 (1.96%) Financial Institution
16 100 (1.34%) Advertising
17 99 (1.33%) Tech for Good
18 98 (1.32%) Automotive
18 98 (1.32%) Presentation Skills
19 95 (1.28%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 3,720 (49.93%) Developer
2 1,316 (17.66%) Software Engineer
3 1,014 (13.61%) Senior Developer
4 657 (8.82%) Java Developer
5 543 (7.29%) Full Stack Developer
6 528 (7.09%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 438 (5.88%) Senior Software Engineer
8 377 (5.06%) Software Developer
9 361 (4.85%) Java Engineer
10 341 (4.58%) React Developer
11 308 (4.13%) .NET Developer
12 292 (3.92%) Backend Developer
13 281 (3.77%) Lead Developer
14 279 (3.74%) Architect
15 249 (3.34%) QA Engineer
16 230 (3.09%) Senior Java Developer
17 217 (2.91%) Test Engineer
18 211 (2.83%) Senior Front-End Developer
19 204 (2.74%) Senior Java Engineer
20 179 (2.40%) Lead Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,283 (30.64%) React
2 1,801 (24.17%) HTML
3 1,762 (23.65%) CSS
4 1,568 (21.05%) Node.js
5 1,411 (18.94%) .NET
6 1,361 (18.27%) Spring
7 1,301 (17.46%) AngularJS
8 1,253 (16.82%) JSON
9 1,176 (15.79%) Web Services
10 993 (13.33%) GraphQL
11 980 (13.15%) RESTful
12 914 (12.27%) SOAP
13 883 (11.85%) Spring Boot
14 822 (11.03%) HTML5
15 785 (10.54%) Kafka
16 699 (9.38%) Redux
17 595 (7.99%) Sass
18 572 (7.68%) .NET Core
19 550 (7.38%) XML
20 523 (7.02%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 1,072 (14.39%) User Experience
2 686 (9.21%) Mobile App
3 393 (5.28%) Algorithms
4 359 (4.82%) Greenfield Project
5 352 (4.72%) Self-Motivation
6 326 (4.38%) Data Structures
7 315 (4.23%) Enterprise Software
8 268 (3.60%) Cloud Native
9 213 (2.86%) Virtual Team
10 176 (2.36%) Management Information System
11 173 (2.32%) Social Media
12 154 (2.07%) Linux Command Line
13 134 (1.80%) Blog
14 132 (1.77%) Blockchain
15 99 (1.33%) Public Cloud
16 84 (1.13%) Social Network
16 84 (1.13%) Sports Betting
17 82 (1.10%) PlayStation
18 73 (0.98%) Smartphone
19 72 (0.97%) Hackathon
Operating Systems
1 879 (11.80%) Linux
2 683 (9.17%) Android
3 627 (8.42%) Apple iOS
4 467 (6.27%) Windows
5 308 (4.13%) Unix
6 59 (0.79%) Ubuntu
7 57 (0.77%) Mesosphere
8 50 (0.67%) Mac OS X
9 48 (0.64%) Windows Server
10 41 (0.55%) Mac OS
11 22 (0.30%) tvOS
12 16 (0.21%) Embedded Linux
13 12 (0.16%) Debian
14 11 (0.15%) CentOS
15 9 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 8 (0.11%) VMS
17 2 (0.027%) CoreOS
17 2 (0.027%) FreeBSD
17 2 (0.027%) Oracle Linux
18 1 (0.013%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,199 (56.36%) Agile
2 2,497 (33.52%) Microservices
3 2,247 (30.16%) Software Engineering
4 2,202 (29.56%) CI/CD
5 1,814 (24.35%) Test Automation
6 1,795 (24.09%) DevOps
7 1,585 (21.28%) TDD
8 1,572 (21.10%) Scrum
9 1,332 (17.88%) Full Stack Development
10 1,303 (17.49%) Problem-Solving
11 1,267 (17.01%) Continuous Integration
12 982 (13.18%) Mentoring
13 972 (13.05%) BDD
14 949 (12.74%) Front End Development
15 938 (12.59%) OO
16 835 (11.21%) Unit Testing
17 814 (10.93%) Computer Science
18 754 (10.12%) OOP
19 722 (9.69%) SDLC
20 686 (9.21%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 3,257 (43.72%) JavaScript
2 2,711 (36.39%) Java
3 2,179 (29.25%) SQL
4 1,744 (23.41%) Python
5 1,578 (21.18%) C#
6 1,411 (18.94%) TypeScript
7 509 (6.83%) PHP
8 491 (6.59%) ES6
9 438 (5.88%) Kotlin
10 306 (4.11%) Go
11 270 (3.62%) PowerShell
12 266 (3.57%) C++
13 236 (3.17%) Apple Swift
14 230 (3.09%) Scala
15 201 (2.70%) C
16 180 (2.42%) T-SQL
17 170 (2.28%) Ruby
18 150 (2.01%) Objective-C
19 149 (2.00%) Bash
20 145 (1.95%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 1,146 (15.38%) Degree
2 524 (7.03%) Computer Science Degree
3 170 (2.28%) Master's Degree
4 99 (1.33%) Security Cleared
5 90 (1.21%) Numerate Degree
6 79 (1.06%) SC Cleared
7 66 (0.89%) ISTQB
8 41 (0.55%) ITIL Certification
9 32 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
10 28 (0.38%) AWS Certification
11 19 (0.26%) ISEB
12 16 (0.21%) CCNP
12 16 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
13 15 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 15 (0.20%) MCPD
14 13 (0.17%) Postgraduate
15 11 (0.15%) DV Cleared
15 11 (0.15%) PMI Certification
16 10 (0.13%) CCA
17 9 (0.12%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,142 (15.33%) QA
2 285 (3.83%) Accessibility
3 103 (1.38%) Data Quality
4 61 (0.82%) GDPR
5 45 (0.60%) WCAG
6 23 (0.31%) GRC
7 22 (0.30%) FATCA
8 18 (0.24%) WAI
9 13 (0.17%) SEPA
10 9 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 9 (0.12%) PCI DSS
10 9 (0.12%) SLA
11 7 (0.094%) HL7
12 5 (0.067%) JTAG
13 4 (0.054%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 4 (0.054%) GxP
14 3 (0.040%) NIST
15 2 (0.027%) Government Security Classifications
15 2 (0.027%) HIPAA
15 2 (0.027%) SOC 2
System Software
1 2,114 (28.38%) Docker
2 75 (1.01%) Active Directory
3 28 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 28 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
5 16 (0.21%) KVM
5 16 (0.21%) Xen
6 11 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (0.067%) Shibboleth
8 4 (0.054%) etcd
9 3 (0.040%) Postfix
10 2 (0.027%) Varnish
10 2 (0.027%) vCloud
10 2 (0.027%) vSphere
11 1 (0.013%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.013%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.013%) OpenAM
11 1 (0.013%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.013%) OpenIDM
11 1 (0.013%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,583 (21.25%) Kubernetes
2 550 (7.38%) Terraform
3 329 (4.42%) Ansible
4 212 (2.85%) Prometheus
5 198 (2.66%) Grafana
6 197 (2.64%) Opscode Chef
7 177 (2.38%) Puppet
8 108 (1.45%) logstash
9 103 (1.38%) Kibana
10 66 (0.89%) Consul
11 57 (0.77%) Automic
11 57 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
12 46 (0.62%) Istio
13 44 (0.59%) Single Sign-On
14 36 (0.48%) MIIS
15 34 (0.46%) Opsgenie
16 30 (0.40%) ZABBIX
17 28 (0.38%) HAProxy
17 28 (0.38%) Pingdom
18 27 (0.36%) Rancher
Vendors
1 801 (10.75%) Microsoft
2 663 (8.90%) Google
3 463 (6.21%) Oracle
4 156 (2.09%) Salesforce.com
5 151 (2.03%) Splunk
6 137 (1.84%) Apple
7 88 (1.18%) Adobe
8 79 (1.06%) Samsung
8 79 (1.06%) SAP
9 72 (0.97%) New Relic
10 67 (0.90%) AppDynamics
11 58 (0.78%) Sun
12 54 (0.72%) Sony
13 49 (0.66%) Dynatrace
13 49 (0.66%) Red Hat
14 48 (0.64%) ServiceNow
15 43 (0.58%) Atlassian
16 42 (0.56%) MuleSoft
17 40 (0.54%) Spotify
17 40 (0.54%) VMware