Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 51 57 74
Rank change year-on-year +6 +17 +10
Permanent jobs citing REST 5,953 2,070 4,691
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 5.40% 4.65% 3.72%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.25% 10.57% 9.96%
Number of salaries quoted 3,193 1,669 3,810
10th Percentile £37,724 £37,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £42,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +1.77%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 44,922 19,585 47,099
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.72% 44.00% 37.39%
Number of salaries quoted 28,873 16,962 39,474
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £43,750 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £95,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +7.84%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Salary trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for REST in England

REST
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +17 3,579 £70,000 - 397
South East -4 815 £52,500 -4.55% 104
North of England -28 534 £50,000 -4.76% 161
Midlands -16 450 £50,000 - 89
South West +7 331 £55,000 +15.79% 52
West Midlands -9 325 £50,000 -4.76% 48
North West -41 260 £50,000 -9.09% 85
Yorkshire -25 230 £50,000 +5.26% 57
East of England -37 141 £65,000 +23.81% 36
East Midlands -18 124 £50,000 +17.65% 41
North East -7 46 £45,345 -9.31% 19
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 3,119 (52.39%) Agile Software Development
2 2,720 (45.69%) JavaScript
3 2,058 (34.57%) Java
4 1,833 (30.79%) React
5 1,823 (30.62%) Microservices
6 1,702 (28.59%) AWS
7 1,657 (27.83%) SQL
8 1,563 (26.26%) Docker
9 1,532 (25.73%) Git (software)
10 1,504 (25.26%) C#
11 1,468 (24.66%) Software Engineering
12 1,434 (24.09%) HTML
13 1,382 (23.22%) CSS
14 1,338 (22.48%) .NET
15 1,337 (22.46%) AngularJS
16 1,312 (22.04%) TDD
17 1,309 (21.99%) Social Skills
18 1,274 (21.40%) Azure
19 1,264 (21.23%) Python
20 1,247 (20.95%) Web Services
21 1,170 (19.65%) Node.js
22 1,140 (19.15%) DevOps
23 1,129 (18.97%) Finance
24 1,116 (18.75%) TypeScript
25 1,089 (18.29%) Test Automation
26 1,079 (18.13%) Scrum
27 1,049 (17.62%) Full Stack Development
28 1,037 (17.42%) Kubernetes
29 997 (16.75%) Jenkins
30 994 (16.70%) Continuous Integration

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 241 (4.05%) Elasticsearch
2 233 (3.91%) Confluence
3 229 (3.85%) CMS
4 142 (2.39%) Apache
5 122 (2.05%) Tomcat
6 103 (1.73%) Apache Spark
7 90 (1.51%) nginx
8 79 (1.33%) IIS
9 74 (1.24%) WordPress
10 69 (1.16%) Umbraco
11 54 (0.91%) SharePoint
12 50 (0.84%) Apache Airflow
12 50 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
13 29 (0.49%) Anypoint
13 29 (0.49%) Mule
14 27 (0.45%) JBoss
14 27 (0.45%) OpenStack
15 26 (0.44%) Mule ESB
16 24 (0.40%) Tornado
17 22 (0.37%) Gunicorn
Applications
1 36 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
2 32 (0.54%) Figma
3 20 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 17 (0.29%) Adobe XD
5 11 (0.18%) Photoshop
6 10 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
7 8 (0.13%) Sketch
7 8 (0.13%) Zeplin
8 7 (0.12%) Chatbot
9 4 (0.067%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 3 (0.050%) InVision
10 3 (0.050%) Spreadsheet
11 2 (0.034%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 1 (0.017%) Doxygen
12 1 (0.017%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 41 (0.69%) Payment Gateway
2 38 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
3 26 (0.44%) Distributed Ledger
3 26 (0.44%) SAP Business One
4 17 (0.29%) Shopify
5 11 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
6 10 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
6 10 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 9 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 8 (0.13%) NetSuite
9 7 (0.12%) Magento
10 6 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
11 5 (0.084%) Elite 3E
11 5 (0.084%) R3 Corda
11 5 (0.084%) SAP S/4HANA
12 4 (0.067%) Maximo
12 4 (0.067%) Summit
13 3 (0.050%) Relativity
13 3 (0.050%) Remedy ITSM
14 2 (0.034%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,702 (28.59%) AWS
2 1,274 (21.40%) Azure
3 706 (11.86%) Serverless
4 588 (9.88%) GitHub
5 510 (8.57%) GCP
6 476 (8.00%) SaaS
7 263 (4.42%) AWS Lambda
8 217 (3.65%) Amazon EC2
9 203 (3.41%) npm
10 200 (3.36%) Amazon S3
11 141 (2.37%) Power Platform
12 140 (2.35%) Cloud Computing
13 138 (2.32%) Amazon Kinesis
14 117 (1.97%) Amazon SQS
15 112 (1.88%) iPaaS
16 103 (1.73%) OpenShift
17 100 (1.68%) Amazon Cognito
18 98 (1.65%) AWS CloudFormation
19 96 (1.61%) PaaS
20 85 (1.43%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 571 (9.59%) HTTP
2 115 (1.93%) Internet
3 96 (1.61%) Broadband
4 72 (1.21%) TCP/IP
5 64 (1.08%) SSL
6 40 (0.67%) DNS
7 38 (0.64%) Bluetooth
8 34 (0.57%) DVB
9 26 (0.44%) AMQP
10 24 (0.40%) MQTT
11 22 (0.37%) Network Security
12 21 (0.35%) Firewall
13 18 (0.30%) SMTP
14 16 (0.27%) WebEx
15 14 (0.24%) SMS
16 13 (0.22%) SSH
17 10 (0.17%) 5G
17 10 (0.17%) HTTPS
18 9 (0.15%) FTP
19 7 (0.12%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 818 (13.74%) SQL Server
2 777 (13.05%) NoSQL
3 704 (11.83%) MySQL
4 663 (11.14%) PostgreSQL
5 559 (9.39%) MongoDB
6 545 (9.16%) Relational Database
7 345 (5.80%) Big Data
8 314 (5.27%) Redis
9 259 (4.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 148 (2.49%) Hadoop
11 142 (2.39%) MariaDB
12 124 (2.08%) Amazon RDS
13 110 (1.85%) Power BI
14 105 (1.76%) RDBMS
15 104 (1.75%) Data Warehouse
16 84 (1.41%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 79 (1.33%) Apache Cassandra
18 76 (1.28%) Blockchain
19 73 (1.23%) HBase
20 67 (1.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 1,532 (25.73%) Git (software)
2 997 (16.75%) Jenkins
3 552 (9.27%) JIRA
4 462 (7.76%) Selenium
5 284 (4.77%) Cucumber
6 283 (4.75%) Postman
7 263 (4.42%) Cypress.io
8 260 (4.37%) webpack
9 254 (4.27%) JUnit
10 250 (4.20%) GitLab
11 247 (4.15%) Maven
12 233 (3.91%) TeamCity
13 181 (3.04%) Visual Studio
14 173 (2.91%) Bitbucket
15 139 (2.33%) Octopus Deploy
16 126 (2.12%) SpecFlow
17 123 (2.07%) Mockito
18 121 (2.03%) WebDriver
19 120 (2.02%) CircleCI
20 117 (1.97%) JMeter
General
1 1,309 (21.99%) Social Skills
2 1,129 (18.97%) Finance
3 386 (6.48%) Analytical Skills
4 366 (6.15%) Banking
5 330 (5.54%) Games
6 316 (5.31%) Retail
7 246 (4.13%) Marketing
8 167 (2.81%) Law
9 146 (2.45%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 121 (2.03%) Legal
11 111 (1.86%) Presentation Skills
12 95 (1.60%) Back Office
13 94 (1.58%) Telecoms
14 89 (1.50%) Public Sector
15 79 (1.33%) Financial Institution
16 67 (1.13%) Advertising
17 48 (0.81%) Investment Banking
17 48 (0.81%) Manufacturing
17 48 (0.81%) Publishing
18 41 (0.69%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 3,365 (56.53%) Developer
2 840 (14.11%) Senior Developer
3 710 (11.93%) Software Engineer
4 659 (11.07%) Java Developer
5 430 (7.22%) .NET Developer
6 426 (7.16%) Full Stack Developer
7 378 (6.35%) Software Developer
8 362 (6.08%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 281 (4.72%) Senior Software Engineer
10 240 (4.03%) Architect
11 230 (3.86%) Java Engineer
12 225 (3.78%) JavaScript Developer
13 222 (3.73%) Backend Developer
14 215 (3.61%) PHP Developer
15 198 (3.33%) C# Developer
16 176 (2.96%) Lead Developer
17 169 (2.84%) React Developer
18 164 (2.75%) Senior Java Developer
19 132 (2.22%) C# .NET Developer
20 130 (2.18%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,833 (30.79%) React
2 1,434 (24.09%) HTML
3 1,382 (23.22%) CSS
4 1,338 (22.48%) .NET
5 1,337 (22.46%) AngularJS
6 1,247 (20.95%) Web Services
7 1,170 (19.65%) Node.js
8 991 (16.65%) SOAP
9 953 (16.01%) Spring
10 841 (14.13%) GraphQL
11 795 (13.35%) JSON
12 738 (12.40%) RESTful
13 591 (9.93%) XML
14 557 (9.36%) Spring Boot
15 537 (9.02%) HTML5
16 505 (8.48%) .NET Framework
17 504 (8.47%) ASP.NET
18 478 (8.03%) Kafka
19 473 (7.95%) .NET Core
20 462 (7.76%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 704 (11.83%) User Experience
2 346 (5.81%) Greenfield Project
3 338 (5.68%) Mobile App
4 279 (4.69%) Self-Motivation
5 186 (3.12%) Algorithms
6 151 (2.54%) Virtual Team
7 138 (2.32%) Enterprise Software
8 116 (1.95%) Data Structures
9 110 (1.85%) Management Information System
10 105 (1.76%) Blog
11 97 (1.63%) Social Media
12 95 (1.60%) Client/Server
13 73 (1.23%) Cloud Native
14 68 (1.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 58 (0.97%) Public Cloud
16 54 (0.91%) Video\Live Streaming
17 48 (0.81%) Legacy Applications
17 48 (0.81%) Linux Command Line
18 45 (0.76%) Legacy Code
19 42 (0.71%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 799 (13.42%) Linux
2 327 (5.49%) Windows
3 318 (5.34%) Android
4 276 (4.64%) Apple iOS
5 218 (3.66%) Unix
6 41 (0.69%) Windows Server
7 34 (0.57%) Mesosphere
8 22 (0.37%) Mac OS X
8 22 (0.37%) Ubuntu
9 15 (0.25%) CentOS
10 14 (0.24%) Mac OS
11 11 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
12 8 (0.13%) Solaris
13 5 (0.084%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 4 (0.067%) tvOS
14 4 (0.067%) Windows Server 2008
15 3 (0.050%) Fedora
16 2 (0.034%) Alpine Linux
16 2 (0.034%) VMS
16 2 (0.034%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,119 (52.39%) Agile Software Development
2 1,823 (30.62%) Microservices
3 1,468 (24.66%) Software Engineering
4 1,312 (22.04%) TDD
5 1,140 (19.15%) DevOps
6 1,089 (18.29%) Test Automation
7 1,079 (18.13%) Scrum
8 1,049 (17.62%) Full Stack Development
9 994 (16.70%) Continuous Integration
10 979 (16.45%) Problem-Solving
11 683 (11.47%) BDD
12 676 (11.36%) Front End Development
13 640 (10.75%) MVC
14 628 (10.55%) Mentoring
15 611 (10.26%) Open Source
16 607 (10.20%) OO
17 594 (9.98%) Unit Testing
18 580 (9.74%) Analytics
19 571 (9.59%) Computer Science
20 547 (9.19%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 2,720 (45.69%) JavaScript
2 2,058 (34.57%) Java
3 1,657 (27.83%) SQL
4 1,504 (25.26%) C#
5 1,264 (21.23%) Python
6 1,116 (18.75%) TypeScript
7 505 (8.48%) PHP
8 385 (6.47%) Java 8
9 347 (5.83%) Go
10 228 (3.83%) ES6
11 225 (3.78%) C++
12 209 (3.51%) Kotlin
13 168 (2.82%) PowerShell
14 166 (2.79%) C
15 128 (2.15%) Java 11
16 126 (2.12%) T-SQL
17 125 (2.10%) Scala
18 122 (2.05%) Shell Script
19 120 (2.02%) Bash Shell
20 116 (1.95%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 712 (11.96%) Degree
2 330 (5.54%) Security Cleared
3 314 (5.27%) Computer Science Degree
4 304 (5.11%) SC Cleared
5 41 (0.69%) Numerate Degree
6 33 (0.55%) Master's Degree
7 23 (0.39%) ISTQB
8 22 (0.37%) PhD
9 20 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
10 13 (0.22%) DBS Check
10 13 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 11 (0.18%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 9 (0.15%) ISEB
13 8 (0.13%) AWS Certification
13 8 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
14 7 (0.12%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 5 (0.084%) DV Cleared
16 3 (0.050%) OCP
16 3 (0.050%) Oracle Certification
17 2 (0.034%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 650 (10.92%) QA
2 169 (2.84%) Accessibility
3 47 (0.79%) PCI DSS
4 46 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 37 (0.62%) WCAG
6 27 (0.45%) GRC
7 23 (0.39%) Data Quality
8 20 (0.34%) GDPR
8 20 (0.34%) PMO
9 17 (0.29%) GxP
10 15 (0.25%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 10 (0.17%) SLA
12 9 (0.15%) ISO 13485
13 7 (0.12%) COBIT
13 7 (0.12%) PA-DSS
14 6 (0.10%) HIPAA
14 6 (0.10%) HL7
14 6 (0.10%) ISO 15022
14 6 (0.10%) ISO 20022
15 4 (0.067%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 1,563 (26.26%) Docker
2 38 (0.64%) Active Directory
3 23 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (0.34%) Firmware
5 15 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 14 (0.24%) Hyper-V
7 13 (0.22%) HDFS
8 10 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
8 10 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
9 9 (0.15%) Postfix
9 9 (0.15%) vSphere
10 6 (0.10%) Ceph
11 2 (0.034%) Terminal Services
11 2 (0.034%) Virtual Desktop
12 1 (0.017%) LXC
12 1 (0.017%) NFS
12 1 (0.017%) OpenAM
12 1 (0.017%) OpenDJ
12 1 (0.017%) OpenIDM
12 1 (0.017%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 1,037 (17.42%) Kubernetes
2 533 (8.95%) Terraform
3 254 (4.27%) Ansible
4 142 (2.39%) Opscode Chef
5 116 (1.95%) Prometheus
6 110 (1.85%) Puppet
7 95 (1.60%) Grafana
8 75 (1.26%) Kibana
9 60 (1.01%) logstash
10 47 (0.79%) Docker Swarm
11 43 (0.72%) Opsgenie
12 36 (0.60%) HAProxy
13 35 (0.59%) Automic
14 31 (0.52%) Consul
15 30 (0.50%) Graphite
15 30 (0.50%) Graylog
15 30 (0.50%) Single Sign-On
16 28 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
16 28 (0.47%) Istio
17 16 (0.27%) Rancher
Vendors
1 726 (12.20%) Microsoft
2 328 (5.51%) Google
3 291 (4.89%) Oracle
4 188 (3.16%) Salesforce.com
5 111 (1.86%) ServiceNow
6 108 (1.81%) MuleSoft
7 98 (1.65%) Splunk
8 94 (1.58%) SAP
9 88 (1.48%) Atlassian
10 79 (1.33%) Zend
11 77 (1.29%) Samsung
12 70 (1.18%) IBM
13 64 (1.08%) Dell
13 64 (1.08%) VMware
14 56 (0.94%) Red Hat
15 54 (0.91%) YouTube
16 52 (0.87%) Adobe
17 41 (0.69%) Apple
17 41 (0.69%) Conga
18 40 (0.67%) Xamarin