Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 79 81 82
Rank change year-on-year +2 +1 +22
Permanent jobs citing REST 4,648 5,751 6,112
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 3.62% 3.70% 3.68%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.71% 9.21% 9.13%
Number of salaries quoted 3,726 4,576 4,826
England median annual salary £57,500 £56,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.68% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £81,250 £77,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 47,844 62,469 66,939
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 37.22% 40.23% 40.34%
Number of salaries quoted 39,585 52,121 55,787
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £83,750 £78,750
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing REST in England.

Salary trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Salary histogram for REST in England

REST
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 2,339 £70,000 +7.69% 381
South East -13 949 £51,000 -2.86% 149
North of England +25 609 £45,500 +1.11% 130
North West +15 383 £47,125 +4.72% 66
South West -18 327 £45,000 -5.26% 61
Midlands -43 217 £48,000 +1.05% 64
East of England -14 193 £50,000 -9.09% 61
Yorkshire -2 190 £47,000 +4.44% 50
East Midlands -15 112 £41,000 -8.89% 25
West Midlands -36 105 £50,000 - 39
North East +33 37 £42,500 -10.53% 14
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 2,578 (55.46%) Agile Software Development
2 2,115 (45.50%) JavaScript
3 1,636 (35.20%) Java
4 1,630 (35.07%) C#
5 1,534 (33.00%) .NET
6 1,402 (30.16%) HTML
7 1,379 (29.67%) CSS
8 1,324 (28.49%) SQL
9 1,321 (28.42%) SOAP
10 1,251 (26.91%) Web Services
11 1,191 (25.62%) Git (software)
12 1,175 (25.28%) TDD
13 1,030 (22.16%) AWS
14 1,020 (21.94%) MVC
15 1,015 (21.84%) SQL Server
16 994 (21.39%) Microservices
17 990 (21.30%) Scrum
18 959 (20.63%) AngularJS
19 918 (19.75%) Azure
20 887 (19.08%) DevOps
21 883 (19.00%) JSON
22 881 (18.95%) Test Automation
23 804 (17.30%) Finance
24 803 (17.28%) Spring
25 799 (17.19%) Continuous Integration
26 798 (17.17%) Software Engineering
27 791 (17.02%) Docker
28 747 (16.07%) ASP.NET
29 736 (15.83%) React
30 716 (15.40%) OO

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 159 (3.42%) Apache Spark
2 152 (3.27%) Confluence
3 143 (3.08%) Elasticsearch
4 132 (2.84%) Apache
5 107 (2.30%) CMS
6 105 (2.26%) Tomcat
7 80 (1.72%) IIS
8 69 (1.48%) JBoss
9 66 (1.42%) SharePoint
10 47 (1.01%) OpenStack
11 43 (0.93%) Apache Solr
11 43 (0.93%) BizTalk Server
11 43 (0.93%) WebSphere
12 41 (0.88%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 40 (0.86%) nginx
14 39 (0.84%) WordPress
15 38 (0.82%) Umbraco
16 36 (0.77%) Cloud Foundry
17 34 (0.73%) Mule
18 29 (0.62%) Anypoint
Applications
1 21 (0.45%) MS Visio
2 18 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 15 (0.32%) Photoshop
4 10 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
4 10 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
5 8 (0.17%) Adobe Premiere
6 4 (0.086%) GNU Octave
6 4 (0.086%) Zeplin
7 3 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.065%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.065%) Sketch
8 2 (0.043%) InDesign
8 2 (0.043%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.022%) Adobe After Effects
9 1 (0.022%) Fireworks
9 1 (0.022%) InVision
9 1 (0.022%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 49 (1.05%) Magento
2 45 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
3 29 (0.62%) SAP Hybris
4 24 (0.52%) NetSuite
5 15 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
6 10 (0.22%) SAP Business One
7 8 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
7 8 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
8 7 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 6 (0.13%) Fredhopper
9 6 (0.13%) SAP Business ByDesign
10 5 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
11 4 (0.086%) OpenText MBPM
11 4 (0.086%) StreamServe
12 3 (0.065%) Remedy ITSM
13 2 (0.043%) Adobe Campaign
13 2 (0.043%) Odoo
13 2 (0.043%) Oracle Applications
13 2 (0.043%) SAP CRM
13 2 (0.043%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,030 (22.16%) AWS
2 918 (19.75%) Azure
3 287 (6.17%) SaaS
4 239 (5.14%) GCP
5 202 (4.35%) Serverless
6 161 (3.46%) GitHub
7 112 (2.41%) AWS Lambda
8 101 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
9 88 (1.89%) PaaS
10 77 (1.66%) OpenShift
11 62 (1.33%) AWS CloudFormation
12 60 (1.29%) Cloud Computing
13 59 (1.27%) Power Platform
14 54 (1.16%) IaaS
15 52 (1.12%) Amazon S3
16 47 (1.01%) npm
17 39 (0.84%) Amazon SQS
18 38 (0.82%) Azure Functions
19 37 (0.80%) Amazon ECS
20 36 (0.77%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 283 (6.09%) HTTP
2 104 (2.24%) Internet
3 83 (1.79%) HTTPS
4 80 (1.72%) TCP/IP
5 70 (1.51%) Firewall
6 43 (0.93%) SSL
7 34 (0.73%) DNS
8 28 (0.60%) SSH
9 20 (0.43%) Broadband
10 18 (0.39%) AMQP
11 14 (0.30%) Reverse Proxy
12 12 (0.26%) VPN
13 11 (0.24%) Bluetooth
13 11 (0.24%) Skype
14 9 (0.19%) SMTP
15 8 (0.17%) Intranet
15 8 (0.17%) Kerberos
15 8 (0.17%) X.509
16 7 (0.15%) Unified Communications
17 6 (0.13%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,015 (21.84%) SQL Server
2 581 (12.50%) MySQL
3 404 (8.69%) NoSQL
4 293 (6.30%) PostgreSQL
5 285 (6.13%) MongoDB
6 216 (4.65%) Relational Database
7 205 (4.41%) Big Data
8 176 (3.79%) Redis
9 118 (2.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 83 (1.79%) Amazon RDS
10 83 (1.79%) RDBMS
11 72 (1.55%) Hadoop
12 70 (1.51%) SQL Server 2012
13 69 (1.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 62 (1.33%) Apache Cassandra
14 62 (1.33%) Azure SQL Database
15 58 (1.25%) Power BI
16 51 (1.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 44 (0.95%) Blockchain
18 43 (0.93%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,191 (25.62%) Git (software)
2 565 (12.16%) Jenkins
3 491 (10.56%) JIRA
4 379 (8.15%) Selenium
5 303 (6.52%) JUnit
6 285 (6.13%) Maven
7 237 (5.10%) Cucumber
8 231 (4.97%) Visual Studio
9 230 (4.95%) Team Foundation Server
10 207 (4.45%) TeamCity
11 165 (3.55%) Bitbucket
12 156 (3.36%) Subversion
13 148 (3.18%) SpecFlow
14 147 (3.16%) NUnit
15 116 (2.50%) Mockito
16 115 (2.47%) WebDriver
17 114 (2.45%) Visual Studio Team System
18 99 (2.13%) Octopus Deploy
19 97 (2.09%) webpack
20 87 (1.87%) SoapUI
General
1 804 (17.30%) Finance
2 264 (5.68%) Retail
3 226 (4.86%) Marketing
4 202 (4.35%) Banking
5 199 (4.28%) Games
6 118 (2.54%) Telecoms
7 63 (1.36%) Public Sector
8 61 (1.31%) Manufacturing
9 60 (1.29%) Advertising
10 56 (1.20%) Law
11 43 (0.93%) Electronics
12 40 (0.86%) Publishing
13 32 (0.69%) Legal
14 29 (0.62%) Financial Institution
14 29 (0.62%) Front Office
15 20 (0.43%) Automotive
15 20 (0.43%) Billing
16 16 (0.34%) Investment Banking
17 15 (0.32%) Back Office
18 11 (0.24%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 3,059 (65.81%) Developer
2 731 (15.73%) Senior Developer
3 677 (14.57%) Java Developer
4 610 (13.12%) .NET Developer
5 490 (10.54%) C# Developer
6 341 (7.34%) Software Engineer
7 330 (7.10%) Software Developer
8 284 (6.11%) Full Stack Developer
9 274 (5.90%) C# .NET Developer
10 234 (5.03%) Architect
11 223 (4.80%) PHP Developer
12 183 (3.94%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 173 (3.72%) Lead Developer
14 172 (3.70%) Senior Java Developer
15 163 (3.51%) Senior .NET Developer
16 159 (3.42%) Python Developer
17 140 (3.01%) Senior C# Developer
18 135 (2.90%) JavaScript Developer
19 127 (2.73%) Analyst
19 127 (2.73%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,534 (33.00%) .NET
2 1,402 (30.16%) HTML
3 1,379 (29.67%) CSS
4 1,321 (28.42%) SOAP
5 1,251 (26.91%) Web Services
6 959 (20.63%) AngularJS
7 883 (19.00%) JSON
8 803 (17.28%) Spring
9 747 (16.07%) ASP.NET
10 736 (15.83%) React
11 708 (15.23%) XML
12 560 (12.05%) Node.js
13 547 (11.77%) jQuery
14 539 (11.60%) HTML5
15 422 (9.08%) ASP.NET Web API
16 389 (8.37%) .NET Core
17 380 (8.18%) WCF
18 331 (7.12%) Spring Boot
19 310 (6.67%) CSS3
20 309 (6.65%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 408 (8.78%) User Experience
2 359 (7.72%) Mobile App
3 237 (5.10%) Greenfield Project
4 190 (4.09%) Enterprise Software
5 178 (3.83%) Analytical Skills
6 171 (3.68%) Self-Motivation
7 139 (2.99%) Algorithms
8 127 (2.73%) Data Structures
9 82 (1.76%) Cloud Native
10 76 (1.64%) Virtual Team
11 57 (1.23%) Management Information System
12 52 (1.12%) Public Cloud
13 50 (1.08%) Online Gambling
14 48 (1.03%) iPad
14 48 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
15 44 (0.95%) Social Media
16 36 (0.77%) Hedge funds
17 34 (0.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 33 (0.71%) Client/Server
18 33 (0.71%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 492 (10.59%) Linux
2 295 (6.35%) Windows
3 261 (5.62%) Android
4 229 (4.93%) Apple iOS
5 117 (2.52%) Unix
6 36 (0.77%) Windows Server
7 27 (0.58%) CentOS
8 24 (0.52%) Ubuntu
9 19 (0.41%) Mac OS X
10 12 (0.26%) Fedora
11 10 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 8 (0.17%) Mac OS
13 7 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
14 6 (0.13%) Windows 7
14 6 (0.13%) Windows 8
15 4 (0.086%) AIX
15 4 (0.086%) Solaris
15 4 (0.086%) Windows Server 2008
16 2 (0.043%) VMS
16 2 (0.043%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,578 (55.46%) Agile Software Development
2 1,175 (25.28%) TDD
3 1,020 (21.94%) MVC
4 994 (21.39%) Microservices
5 990 (21.30%) Scrum
6 887 (19.08%) DevOps
7 881 (18.95%) Test Automation
8 799 (17.19%) Continuous Integration
9 798 (17.17%) Software Engineering
10 716 (15.40%) OO
11 706 (15.19%) BDD
12 586 (12.61%) Problem-Solving
13 559 (12.03%) Computer Science
14 504 (10.84%) Web Development
15 468 (10.07%) Unit Testing
16 461 (9.92%) Mentoring
17 439 (9.44%) Kanban
18 392 (8.43%) OOP
19 365 (7.85%) E-Commerce
20 354 (7.62%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 2,115 (45.50%) JavaScript
2 1,636 (35.20%) Java
3 1,630 (35.07%) C#
4 1,324 (28.49%) SQL
5 676 (14.54%) Python
6 386 (8.30%) PHP
7 347 (7.47%) Java 8
8 242 (5.21%) TypeScript
9 198 (4.26%) T-SQL
10 171 (3.68%) Go
11 169 (3.64%) C++
12 166 (3.57%) PowerShell
13 149 (3.21%) ES6
14 138 (2.97%) Scala
15 137 (2.95%) Ruby
16 120 (2.58%) C
16 120 (2.58%) VB.NET
17 115 (2.47%) Kotlin
18 91 (1.96%) Groovy
19 78 (1.68%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 703 (15.12%) Degree
2 301 (6.48%) Computer Science Degree
3 89 (1.91%) ISTQB
4 84 (1.81%) Security Cleared
5 64 (1.38%) Microsoft Certification
6 42 (0.90%) CISSP
7 41 (0.88%) Cisco Certification
8 40 (0.86%) CCNA
8 40 (0.86%) ISEB
9 39 (0.84%) CompTIA Security+
9 39 (0.84%) GIAC
9 39 (0.84%) Linux+ Certification
9 39 (0.84%) MCSE
9 39 (0.84%) Network+ Certification
9 39 (0.84%) SANS
9 39 (0.84%) SSCP
10 38 (0.82%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 31 (0.67%) SC Cleared
12 25 (0.54%) DV Cleared
13 20 (0.43%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 417 (8.97%) QA
2 38 (0.82%) GDPR
3 30 (0.65%) Data Quality
4 23 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 13 (0.28%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.13%) SLA
7 5 (0.11%) ISO 8583
8 3 (0.065%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 2 (0.043%) PSD2
9 2 (0.043%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.022%) BS7666
10 1 (0.022%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.022%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 1 (0.022%) NCSC
10 1 (0.022%) WAI
System Software
1 791 (17.02%) Docker
2 69 (1.48%) Active Directory
3 30 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (0.41%) Varnish
5 14 (0.30%) vSphere
6 8 (0.17%) Cronacle
7 6 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.086%) HDFS
8 4 (0.086%) oVirt
8 4 (0.086%) RHEV
9 2 (0.043%) IAG
10 1 (0.022%) Ceph
10 1 (0.022%) Lustre
10 1 (0.022%) NFS
Systems Management
1 555 (11.94%) Kubernetes
2 107 (2.30%) Ansible
3 78 (1.68%) Opscode Chef
3 78 (1.68%) Puppet
4 76 (1.64%) Terraform
5 43 (0.93%) Grafana
6 35 (0.75%) Rancher
7 34 (0.73%) Kibana
8 26 (0.56%) Mesos
9 19 (0.41%) Prometheus
9 19 (0.41%) Salt
10 17 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
11 11 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
12 10 (0.22%) Automic
13 8 (0.17%) Control-M
14 7 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
15 6 (0.13%) SQL Sentry
16 5 (0.11%) CloudHub
16 5 (0.11%) Marathon
16 5 (0.11%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 576 (12.39%) Microsoft
2 274 (5.90%) Oracle
3 231 (4.97%) Google
4 169 (3.64%) Salesforce.com
5 124 (2.67%) SAP
6 104 (2.24%) MuleSoft
7 79 (1.70%) Zend
8 68 (1.46%) IBM
9 61 (1.31%) Adobe
9 61 (1.31%) Atlassian
10 58 (1.25%) Xamarin
11 47 (1.01%) Splunk
12 37 (0.80%) hybris
13 33 (0.71%) Sage
13 33 (0.71%) Tableau
14 30 (0.65%) VMware
14 30 (0.65%) WorldPay
15 29 (0.62%) Red Hat
16 28 (0.60%) Apple
16 28 (0.60%) Sitecore