Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 50 70 85
Rank change year-on-year +20 +15 -1
Permanent jobs citing REST 5,461 2,706 4,689
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 5.48% 4.16% 3.49%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.20% 10.28% 9.28%
Number of salaries quoted 2,978 2,200 3,813
10th Percentile £36,250 £37,500 £35,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £45,000 £43,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% - +4.55%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £59,500 £55,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.18% -4.35% +4.55%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 41,370 26,326 50,549
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 41.48% 40.44% 37.64%
Number of salaries quoted 27,485 22,262 42,459
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £31,502
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £39,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +10.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Salary trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Salary histogram for REST in England

REST
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +15 3,220 £70,000 - 432
South East +6 794 £52,500 +5.00% 121
North of England -10 449 £50,000 - 146
Midlands +23 393 £49,000 -2.00% 89
South West +6 341 £50,550 +6.42% 59
West Midlands +18 277 £49,000 -2.00% 60
North West -28 210 £50,000 - 90
Yorkshire +15 202 £52,500 +10.53% 34
East of England +8 157 £60,000 +14.29% 47
East Midlands +16 114 £47,500 - 29
North East -2 39 £37,500 -21.05% 22
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 2,735 (50.08%) Agile Software Development
2 2,597 (47.56%) JavaScript
3 1,858 (34.02%) Java
4 1,746 (31.97%) React
5 1,671 (30.60%) Microservices
6 1,652 (30.25%) SQL
7 1,610 (29.48%) AWS
8 1,513 (27.71%) Docker
9 1,455 (26.64%) Git (software)
10 1,430 (26.19%) Software Engineering
11 1,421 (26.02%) C#
12 1,368 (25.05%) CSS
13 1,346 (24.65%) HTML
14 1,300 (23.81%) AngularJS
15 1,291 (23.64%) .NET
16 1,251 (22.91%) Social Skills
17 1,227 (22.47%) TDD
18 1,159 (21.22%) Azure
19 1,139 (20.86%) Python
20 1,130 (20.69%) Node.js
21 1,118 (20.47%) Web Services
22 1,068 (19.56%) TypeScript
23 1,051 (19.25%) DevOps
24 1,024 (18.75%) Finance
25 995 (18.22%) Kubernetes
26 981 (17.96%) Test Automation
27 978 (17.91%) Scrum
28 918 (16.81%) SOAP
29 882 (16.15%) Spring
30 851 (15.58%) Continuous Integration

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 216 (3.96%) Confluence
2 184 (3.37%) Elasticsearch
3 155 (2.84%) CMS
4 142 (2.60%) Tomcat
5 141 (2.58%) Apache
6 100 (1.83%) Apache Spark
7 88 (1.61%) nginx
8 84 (1.54%) IIS
9 49 (0.90%) WordPress
10 48 (0.88%) SharePoint
11 45 (0.82%) JBoss
12 44 (0.81%) Apache Airflow
13 39 (0.71%) Cloud Foundry
14 36 (0.66%) Umbraco
15 28 (0.51%) OpenStack
16 26 (0.48%) Apache TomEE
16 26 (0.48%) Tornado
17 25 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 22 (0.40%) Oracle Coherence
19 21 (0.38%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 41 (0.75%) Figma
2 29 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
3 28 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
4 19 (0.35%) Sketch
5 18 (0.33%) Adobe XD
6 16 (0.29%) Photoshop
7 14 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
8 13 (0.24%) Zeplin
9 12 (0.22%) MS Visio
10 6 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 5 (0.092%) Chatbot
12 4 (0.073%) Fireworks
12 4 (0.073%) Spreadsheet
13 3 (0.055%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 2 (0.037%) InVision
15 1 (0.018%) AutoCAD
15 1 (0.018%) MadCap Flare
Business Applications
1 35 (0.64%) Payment Gateway
2 27 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
3 26 (0.48%) Distributed Ledger
4 20 (0.37%) Shopify
5 17 (0.31%) SAP Business One
6 10 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
7 9 (0.16%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 9 (0.16%) Magento
7 9 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
8 8 (0.15%) Elite 3E
9 7 (0.13%) NetSuite
10 6 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
11 5 (0.092%) R3 Corda
12 4 (0.073%) Adobe Campaign
12 4 (0.073%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 4 (0.073%) Summit
13 3 (0.055%) Relativity
13 3 (0.055%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 3 (0.055%) SAP S/4HANA
14 2 (0.037%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,610 (29.48%) AWS
2 1,159 (21.22%) Azure
3 619 (11.33%) Serverless
4 517 (9.47%) GitHub
5 479 (8.77%) GCP
6 448 (8.20%) SaaS
7 263 (4.82%) AWS Lambda
8 201 (3.68%) Amazon EC2
9 167 (3.06%) npm
10 156 (2.86%) Amazon S3
11 144 (2.64%) Power Platform
12 129 (2.36%) Cloud Computing
13 107 (1.96%) PaaS
14 105 (1.92%) Amazon Kinesis
14 105 (1.92%) Amazon SQS
15 96 (1.76%) AWS CloudFormation
16 82 (1.50%) Amazon Cognito
17 80 (1.46%) Amazon ECS
18 69 (1.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 65 (1.19%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 525 (9.61%) HTTP
2 91 (1.67%) Internet
3 59 (1.08%) TCP/IP
4 56 (1.03%) Broadband
5 45 (0.82%) SSL
6 41 (0.75%) AMQP
7 37 (0.68%) DNS
8 29 (0.53%) Network Security
9 27 (0.49%) Firewall
10 22 (0.40%) SMTP
11 18 (0.33%) Bluetooth
12 16 (0.29%) DVB
13 15 (0.27%) FTP
13 15 (0.27%) MQTT
14 14 (0.26%) SSH
15 12 (0.22%) DMZ
16 11 (0.20%) 5G
17 10 (0.18%) Wireless
18 9 (0.16%) WAN
18 9 (0.16%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 789 (14.45%) SQL Server
2 740 (13.55%) NoSQL
3 633 (11.59%) MySQL
4 591 (10.82%) MongoDB
5 590 (10.80%) PostgreSQL
6 504 (9.23%) Relational Database
7 330 (6.04%) Big Data
8 304 (5.57%) Redis
9 218 (3.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 138 (2.53%) MariaDB
11 137 (2.51%) Hadoop
12 112 (2.05%) Amazon RDS
13 104 (1.90%) Power BI
14 94 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
15 84 (1.54%) RDBMS
16 76 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 70 (1.28%) Oracle Database
18 64 (1.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 55 (1.01%) Blockchain
20 53 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,455 (26.64%) Git (software)
2 839 (15.36%) Jenkins
3 499 (9.14%) JIRA
4 345 (6.32%) Selenium
5 274 (5.02%) Maven
6 247 (4.52%) JUnit
6 247 (4.52%) webpack
7 239 (4.38%) Cucumber
8 231 (4.23%) Cypress.io
9 220 (4.03%) TeamCity
10 211 (3.86%) GitLab
11 183 (3.35%) Visual Studio
12 174 (3.19%) Postman
13 132 (2.42%) CircleCI
13 132 (2.42%) Mockito
14 131 (2.40%) Octopus Deploy
15 124 (2.27%) Bitbucket
16 113 (2.07%) WebDriver
17 106 (1.94%) Gradle
17 106 (1.94%) gulp
General
1 1,251 (22.91%) Social Skills
2 1,024 (18.75%) Finance
3 336 (6.15%) Games
4 333 (6.10%) Banking
5 302 (5.53%) Retail
6 296 (5.42%) Analytical Skills
7 284 (5.20%) Marketing
8 134 (2.45%) Telecoms
9 125 (2.29%) Law
10 122 (2.23%) Legal
11 109 (2.00%) Public Sector
12 95 (1.74%) Back Office
12 95 (1.74%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 85 (1.56%) Presentation Skills
14 83 (1.52%) Advertising
15 81 (1.48%) Financial Institution
16 66 (1.21%) Manufacturing
17 60 (1.10%) Electronics
17 60 (1.10%) Publishing
18 46 (0.84%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 3,214 (58.85%) Developer
2 763 (13.97%) Senior Developer
3 653 (11.96%) Software Engineer
4 651 (11.92%) Java Developer
5 456 (8.35%) Full Stack Developer
6 436 (7.98%) .NET Developer
7 335 (6.13%) Software Developer
8 318 (5.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 254 (4.65%) C# Developer
10 246 (4.50%) Senior Software Engineer
11 241 (4.41%) Java Engineer
12 239 (4.38%) JavaScript Developer
13 234 (4.28%) PHP Developer
14 231 (4.23%) Backend Developer
15 179 (3.28%) Architect
15 179 (3.28%) React Developer
16 167 (3.06%) Lead Developer
17 165 (3.02%) C# .NET Developer
18 161 (2.95%) Senior Java Developer
19 140 (2.56%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,746 (31.97%) React
2 1,368 (25.05%) CSS
3 1,346 (24.65%) HTML
4 1,300 (23.81%) AngularJS
5 1,291 (23.64%) .NET
6 1,130 (20.69%) Node.js
7 1,118 (20.47%) Web Services
8 918 (16.81%) SOAP
9 882 (16.15%) Spring
10 786 (14.39%) RESTful
11 761 (13.94%) GraphQL
12 719 (13.17%) JSON
13 524 (9.60%) XML
14 508 (9.30%) Vue.js
15 470 (8.61%) Kafka
16 468 (8.57%) ASP.NET
17 465 (8.51%) HTML5
18 464 (8.50%) .NET Core
19 462 (8.46%) Spring Boot
20 400 (7.32%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 651 (11.92%) User Experience
2 334 (6.12%) Mobile App
3 235 (4.30%) Self-Motivation
4 221 (4.05%) Greenfield Project
5 161 (2.95%) Enterprise Software
6 138 (2.53%) Algorithms
7 112 (2.05%) Data Structures
8 92 (1.68%) Blog
9 88 (1.61%) Client/Server
10 84 (1.54%) Management Information System
11 71 (1.30%) Virtual Team
12 70 (1.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 64 (1.17%) Cloud Native
14 59 (1.08%) Hedge funds
15 58 (1.06%) Legacy Systems
16 57 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
17 56 (1.03%) Social Media
18 52 (0.95%) Legacy Code
19 47 (0.86%) NHS
20 46 (0.84%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 752 (13.77%) Linux
2 287 (5.26%) Android
3 281 (5.15%) Windows
4 247 (4.52%) Apple iOS
5 195 (3.57%) Unix
6 51 (0.93%) Ubuntu
7 26 (0.48%) Windows Server
8 23 (0.42%) Mac OS X
9 19 (0.35%) Mesosphere
10 18 (0.33%) CentOS
11 8 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 7 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
12 7 (0.13%) Mac OS
12 7 (0.13%) Solaris
12 7 (0.13%) tvOS
13 5 (0.092%) Windows Server 2012
14 4 (0.073%) Windows Server 2008
15 3 (0.055%) Fedora
16 2 (0.037%) Alpine Linux
16 2 (0.037%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,735 (50.08%) Agile Software Development
2 1,671 (30.60%) Microservices
3 1,430 (26.19%) Software Engineering
4 1,227 (22.47%) TDD
5 1,051 (19.25%) DevOps
6 981 (17.96%) Test Automation
7 978 (17.91%) Scrum
8 851 (15.58%) Continuous Integration
9 806 (14.76%) Problem-Solving
10 636 (11.65%) BDD
11 631 (11.55%) MVC
12 628 (11.50%) Front End Development
13 598 (10.95%) Fintech
14 568 (10.40%) Open Source
15 539 (9.87%) Mentoring
16 526 (9.63%) Unit Testing
17 525 (9.61%) OO
18 517 (9.47%) Computer Science
19 488 (8.94%) OOP
20 466 (8.53%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,597 (47.56%) JavaScript
2 1,858 (34.02%) Java
3 1,652 (30.25%) SQL
4 1,421 (26.02%) C#
5 1,139 (20.86%) Python
6 1,068 (19.56%) TypeScript
7 486 (8.90%) PHP
8 355 (6.50%) Java 8
9 309 (5.66%) Go
10 205 (3.75%) Kotlin
11 190 (3.48%) C++
12 165 (3.02%) ES6
13 155 (2.84%) T-SQL
14 135 (2.47%) PowerShell
15 125 (2.29%) Scala
16 123 (2.25%) C
17 116 (2.12%) Java 11
18 115 (2.11%) Bash Shell
19 99 (1.81%) Apex Code
20 94 (1.72%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 670 (12.27%) Degree
2 265 (4.85%) Computer Science Degree
3 243 (4.45%) Security Cleared
4 212 (3.88%) SC Cleared
5 44 (0.81%) PhD
6 36 (0.66%) Master's Degree
6 36 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
7 28 (0.51%) ISTQB
8 18 (0.33%) ISEB
9 14 (0.26%) DBS Check
10 13 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 13 (0.24%) Microsoft Certification
11 11 (0.20%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 10 (0.18%) AWS Certification
13 9 (0.16%) DV Cleared
14 5 (0.092%) Cisco Certification
15 4 (0.073%) CITP
15 4 (0.073%) MOS
16 3 (0.055%) BPSS Clearance
17 2 (0.037%) CCIE Routing and Switching
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 514 (9.41%) QA
2 151 (2.77%) Accessibility
3 39 (0.71%) PCI DSS
4 36 (0.66%) WCAG
5 31 (0.57%) GRC
6 30 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 22 (0.40%) Data Quality
8 21 (0.38%) PMO
9 13 (0.24%) GDPR
10 9 (0.16%) SLA
11 7 (0.13%) ISO 13485
12 6 (0.11%) HL7
12 6 (0.11%) ISO 15022
12 6 (0.11%) ISO 20022
12 6 (0.11%) PA-DSS
13 5 (0.092%) HIPAA
14 4 (0.073%) GxP
14 4 (0.073%) IEC 62304
14 4 (0.073%) WAI
15 3 (0.055%) SOC 2
System Software
1 1,513 (27.71%) Docker
2 24 (0.44%) Active Directory
3 19 (0.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (0.31%) Firmware
5 16 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 14 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
7 11 (0.20%) vSphere
8 9 (0.16%) HDFS
8 9 (0.16%) Postfix
9 7 (0.13%) Ceph
9 7 (0.13%) Hyper-V
9 7 (0.13%) KVM
9 7 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.073%) Oracle RAC
11 3 (0.055%) Terminal Services
12 2 (0.037%) LXC
12 2 (0.037%) NFS
12 2 (0.037%) SRDF
12 2 (0.037%) Virtual Desktop
13 1 (0.018%) Xen
Systems Management
1 995 (18.22%) Kubernetes
2 499 (9.14%) Terraform
3 220 (4.03%) Ansible
4 109 (2.00%) Opscode Chef
5 99 (1.81%) Puppet
6 81 (1.48%) Grafana
7 80 (1.46%) Prometheus
8 48 (0.88%) Docker Swarm
9 44 (0.81%) Kibana
10 30 (0.55%) Opsgenie
11 27 (0.49%) HAProxy
12 26 (0.48%) Graphite
12 26 (0.48%) Graylog
13 25 (0.46%) logstash
14 23 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
15 21 (0.38%) Consul
16 19 (0.35%) Automic
17 17 (0.31%) Istio
18 14 (0.26%) Packer
18 14 (0.26%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 648 (11.87%) Microsoft
2 312 (5.71%) Google
3 252 (4.61%) Oracle
4 162 (2.97%) Salesforce.com
5 84 (1.54%) Samsung
6 83 (1.52%) Zend
7 78 (1.43%) SAP
8 77 (1.41%) Atlassian
9 61 (1.12%) VMware
10 57 (1.04%) IBM
11 54 (0.99%) Adobe
12 51 (0.93%) Splunk
13 47 (0.86%) ServiceNow
14 37 (0.68%) Apple
15 36 (0.66%) Red Hat
15 36 (0.66%) YouTube
16 35 (0.64%) Yahoo!
17 31 (0.57%) Xamarin
18 29 (0.53%) New Relic
19 27 (0.49%) Conga