Period
to 21 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 21 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 62 70 83
Rank change year-on-year +8 +13 +4
Permanent jobs citing REST 3,262 4,025 4,881
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 4.35% 4.02% 3.55%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.90% 10.25% 9.16%
Number of salaries quoted 2,422 3,197 3,833
10th Percentile £36,250 £37,003 £33,750
25th Percentile £46,250 £43,750 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £56,600
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% -2.83% +2.91%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £74,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,914 39,273 53,273
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.93% 39.22% 38.73%
Number of salaries quoted 24,287 32,931 44,265
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £53,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +3.77% +6.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £91,250 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing REST in England.

Salary trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Salary histogram for REST in England

REST
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 21 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 1,622 £70,000 - 366
South East +5 544 £55,000 +10.00% 114
North of England -34 313 £50,000 +11.11% 108
Midlands +21 281 £50,000 - 62
South West +9 246 £50,000 +5.26% 62
West Midlands +21 221 £50,000 - 39
East of England +52 195 £57,500 +6.98% 44
North West -14 165 £50,000 +5.82% 51
Yorkshire -26 129 £52,500 +16.67% 49
East Midlands +14 59 £47,500 +11.76% 22
North East -27 20 £35,000 -22.22% 8
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 21 April 2021, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 1,599 (49.02%) JavaScript
2 1,525 (46.75%) Agile Software Development
3 995 (30.50%) SQL
4 986 (30.23%) Java
5 978 (29.98%) C#
6 931 (28.54%) AWS
7 918 (28.14%) Microservices
8 888 (27.22%) .NET
9 844 (25.87%) CSS
10 839 (25.72%) React
11 838 (25.69%) Azure
12 827 (25.35%) AngularJS
13 818 (25.08%) HTML
14 785 (24.06%) Docker
15 770 (23.61%) DevOps
16 752 (23.05%) Git (software)
17 711 (21.80%) Software Engineering
18 687 (21.06%) SOAP
19 663 (20.32%) TDD
20 646 (19.80%) Web Services
21 639 (19.59%) Node.js
22 607 (18.61%) SQL Server
23 603 (18.49%) Python
24 542 (16.62%) Test Automation
25 526 (16.13%) Finance
26 511 (15.67%) Scrum
27 497 (15.24%) MVC
28 493 (15.11%) Kubernetes
29 472 (14.47%) Spring
30 433 (13.27%) Degree

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 127 (3.89%) Confluence
2 94 (2.88%) Tomcat
3 85 (2.61%) CMS
4 79 (2.42%) Elasticsearch
5 78 (2.39%) Apache
6 56 (1.72%) Apache Spark
7 52 (1.59%) IIS
8 49 (1.50%) JBoss
9 42 (1.29%) OpenStack
10 38 (1.16%) SharePoint
11 34 (1.04%) Umbraco
12 28 (0.86%) Red Hat Fuse
13 27 (0.83%) nginx
14 26 (0.80%) WordPress
15 21 (0.64%) BizTalk Server
16 20 (0.61%) Mule
16 20 (0.61%) Mule ESB
17 17 (0.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 15 (0.46%) WebLogic
19 14 (0.43%) WebSphere
Applications
1 45 (1.38%) Figma
2 26 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
2 26 (0.80%) Sketch
3 21 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
4 20 (0.61%) Adobe XD
5 11 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.28%) Zeplin
7 7 (0.21%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 4 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.12%) Fireworks
8 4 (0.12%) InVision
9 2 (0.061%) AutoCAD
9 2 (0.061%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.031%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.031%) MadCap Flare
Business Applications
1 20 (0.61%) Shopify
2 15 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
3 14 (0.43%) Payment Gateway
4 13 (0.40%) Elite 3E
5 10 (0.31%) Magento
6 7 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
6 7 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
7 6 (0.18%) NetSuite
7 6 (0.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 4 (0.12%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 3 (0.092%) Maximo
9 3 (0.092%) Oracle EBS
9 3 (0.092%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 2 (0.061%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.061%) SAP Business One
10 2 (0.061%) SAP Hybris
11 1 (0.031%) R3 Corda
11 1 (0.031%) SAP ERP
11 1 (0.031%) SAP S/4HANA
11 1 (0.031%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 931 (28.54%) AWS
2 838 (25.69%) Azure
3 322 (9.87%) GCP
4 307 (9.41%) SaaS
5 278 (8.52%) Serverless
6 161 (4.94%) GitHub
7 159 (4.87%) AWS Lambda
8 83 (2.54%) Power Platform
9 80 (2.45%) Amazon EC2
10 77 (2.36%) Cloud Computing
11 75 (2.30%) PaaS
12 67 (2.05%) npm
13 64 (1.96%) Amazon S3
14 60 (1.84%) Amazon ECS
14 60 (1.84%) IaaS
15 53 (1.62%) Amazon SQS
16 50 (1.53%) Amazon EKS
17 44 (1.35%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
17 44 (1.35%) Salesforce Service Cloud
18 40 (1.23%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 221 (6.77%) HTTP
2 44 (1.35%) Internet
3 35 (1.07%) AMQP
4 32 (0.98%) Firewall
5 23 (0.71%) TCP/IP
6 19 (0.58%) SSL
7 15 (0.46%) DNS
7 15 (0.46%) FTP
8 14 (0.43%) Network Security
9 10 (0.31%) 5G
9 10 (0.31%) Broadband
10 9 (0.28%) MPLS
10 9 (0.28%) SMTP
10 9 (0.28%) SSH
11 8 (0.25%) Wireless
12 7 (0.21%) BGP
12 7 (0.21%) OpenFlow
12 7 (0.21%) Unified Communications
12 7 (0.21%) WAN
13 6 (0.18%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 607 (18.61%) SQL Server
2 395 (12.11%) MongoDB
3 372 (11.40%) NoSQL
4 334 (10.24%) MySQL
5 280 (8.58%) PostgreSQL
6 272 (8.34%) Relational Database
7 141 (4.32%) Redis
8 101 (3.10%) Big Data
9 74 (2.27%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 68 (2.08%) Data Warehouse
11 67 (2.05%) Hadoop
12 62 (1.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 58 (1.78%) Power BI
14 54 (1.66%) Amazon RDS
15 50 (1.53%) RDBMS
16 48 (1.47%) Apache Hive
17 39 (1.20%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 32 (0.98%) Blockchain
19 29 (0.89%) MariaDB
20 28 (0.86%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 752 (23.05%) Git (software)
2 398 (12.20%) Jenkins
3 244 (7.48%) JIRA
4 187 (5.73%) Selenium
5 174 (5.33%) Maven
6 153 (4.69%) JUnit
7 147 (4.51%) Cucumber
8 118 (3.62%) Visual Studio
9 101 (3.10%) TeamCity
10 93 (2.85%) webpack
11 87 (2.67%) Cypress.io
12 79 (2.42%) GitLab
13 77 (2.36%) Gradle
14 64 (1.96%) Mockito
14 64 (1.96%) Team Foundation Server
15 61 (1.87%) Octopus Deploy
16 58 (1.78%) Postman
17 57 (1.75%) gulp
18 53 (1.62%) IntelliJ
18 53 (1.62%) NUnit
General
1 526 (16.13%) Finance
2 220 (6.74%) Marketing
3 142 (4.35%) Banking
4 125 (3.83%) Games
5 122 (3.74%) Retail
6 121 (3.71%) Public Sector
7 105 (3.22%) Telecoms
8 72 (2.21%) Manufacturing
9 70 (2.15%) Electronics
10 46 (1.41%) Law
11 45 (1.38%) Legal
12 40 (1.23%) Back Office
13 36 (1.10%) Advertising
14 35 (1.07%) Automotive
15 30 (0.92%) Financial Institution
16 24 (0.74%) Publishing
17 15 (0.46%) Front Office
17 15 (0.46%) Investment Banking
18 11 (0.34%) Italian Language
19 9 (0.28%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 2,131 (65.33%) Developer
2 490 (15.02%) Senior Developer
3 366 (11.22%) Java Developer
4 352 (10.79%) .NET Developer
5 351 (10.76%) Full Stack Developer
6 275 (8.43%) Software Engineer
7 231 (7.08%) C# Developer
8 207 (6.35%) Software Developer
9 183 (5.61%) PHP Developer
10 163 (5.00%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 162 (4.97%) JavaScript Developer
12 147 (4.51%) Architect
13 144 (4.41%) C# .NET Developer
14 140 (4.29%) Lead Developer
15 139 (4.26%) React Developer
16 130 (3.99%) Backend Developer
17 127 (3.89%) Python Developer
18 113 (3.46%) Senior Software Engineer
19 111 (3.40%) Java Engineer
20 94 (2.88%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 888 (27.22%) .NET
2 844 (25.87%) CSS
3 839 (25.72%) React
4 827 (25.35%) AngularJS
5 818 (25.08%) HTML
6 687 (21.06%) SOAP
7 646 (19.80%) Web Services
8 639 (19.59%) Node.js
9 472 (14.47%) Spring
10 415 (12.72%) JSON
11 357 (10.94%) .NET Core
12 331 (10.15%) XML
13 321 (9.84%) ASP.NET
14 318 (9.75%) Vue.js
15 295 (9.04%) jQuery
16 291 (8.92%) .NET Framework
17 270 (8.28%) RESTful
18 255 (7.82%) Kafka
19 250 (7.66%) GraphQL
20 249 (7.63%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 331 (10.15%) User Experience
2 191 (5.86%) Mobile App
3 185 (5.67%) Analytical Skills
4 148 (4.54%) Greenfield Project
5 143 (4.38%) Self-Motivation
6 93 (2.85%) Enterprise Software
7 69 (2.12%) Data Structures
8 61 (1.87%) Client/Server
9 60 (1.84%) Blog
9 60 (1.84%) Management Information System
10 56 (1.72%) Cloud Native
11 44 (1.35%) Algorithms
12 38 (1.16%) Linux Command Line
13 33 (1.01%) Hedge funds
14 32 (0.98%) NHS
15 31 (0.95%) iPad
15 31 (0.95%) Virtual Team
16 28 (0.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 28 (0.86%) Web 2.0
17 25 (0.77%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 391 (11.99%) Linux
2 146 (4.48%) Windows
3 144 (4.41%) Android
4 132 (4.05%) Apple iOS
5 99 (3.03%) Unix
6 46 (1.41%) Ubuntu
7 12 (0.37%) Windows Server
8 7 (0.21%) CentOS
9 6 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 5 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
11 4 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
12 3 (0.092%) Mac OS X
12 3 (0.092%) tvOS
13 2 (0.061%) AIX
13 2 (0.061%) Amazon Linux
13 2 (0.061%) Embedded Linux
13 2 (0.061%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.061%) Solaris
14 1 (0.031%) VMS
14 1 (0.031%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,525 (46.75%) Agile Software Development
2 918 (28.14%) Microservices
3 770 (23.61%) DevOps
4 711 (21.80%) Software Engineering
5 663 (20.32%) TDD
6 542 (16.62%) Test Automation
7 511 (15.67%) Scrum
8 497 (15.24%) MVC
9 427 (13.09%) Fintech
10 375 (11.50%) Problem-Solving
11 358 (10.97%) BDD
12 343 (10.52%) Continuous Integration
13 319 (9.78%) OO
14 300 (9.20%) Mentoring
15 295 (9.04%) Front End Development
16 276 (8.46%) Unit Testing
17 266 (8.15%) Computer Science
18 264 (8.09%) OOP
19 241 (7.39%) Open Source
20 236 (7.23%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,599 (49.02%) JavaScript
2 995 (30.50%) SQL
3 986 (30.23%) Java
4 978 (29.98%) C#
5 603 (18.49%) Python
6 424 (13.00%) TypeScript
7 330 (10.12%) PHP
8 181 (5.55%) Java 8
9 155 (4.75%) Go
10 154 (4.72%) T-SQL
11 96 (2.94%) C++
12 89 (2.73%) Kotlin
13 87 (2.67%) Apex Code
14 69 (2.12%) C
14 69 (2.12%) ES6
15 67 (2.05%) PowerShell
16 64 (1.96%) Scala
17 62 (1.90%) Bash Shell
18 46 (1.41%) SOQL
19 38 (1.16%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 433 (13.27%) Degree
2 124 (3.80%) Computer Science Degree
3 109 (3.34%) Security Cleared
4 79 (2.42%) SC Cleared
5 39 (1.20%) ISTQB
6 33 (1.01%) ISEB
7 32 (0.98%) PhD
8 27 (0.83%) Master's Degree
9 21 (0.64%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 12 (0.37%) DV Cleared
11 11 (0.34%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 10 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
13 9 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
14 8 (0.25%) DBS Check
15 4 (0.12%) AWS Certification
15 4 (0.12%) BPSS Clearance
15 4 (0.12%) MOS
16 3 (0.092%) Cisco Certification
16 3 (0.092%) TOGAF Certification
17 2 (0.061%) MCPD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 278 (8.52%) QA
2 19 (0.58%) Data Quality
3 17 (0.52%) GRC
4 11 (0.34%) SLA
5 10 (0.31%) GDPR
6 9 (0.28%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.25%) WCAG
8 6 (0.18%) HL7
9 4 (0.12%) WAI
10 3 (0.092%) NCSC
10 3 (0.092%) PSD2
11 2 (0.061%) Government Security Classifications
11 2 (0.061%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.061%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 2 (0.061%) PMO
12 1 (0.031%) ISO 13485
12 1 (0.031%) NIST
12 1 (0.031%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 785 (24.06%) Docker
2 27 (0.83%) VMware Infrastructure
3 25 (0.77%) Active Directory
4 12 (0.37%) KVM
5 11 (0.34%) Hyper-V
6 10 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (0.28%) vSphere
8 8 (0.25%) Postfix
9 4 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.061%) Ceph
10 2 (0.061%) HDFS
11 1 (0.031%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.031%) LXC
11 1 (0.031%) NFS
11 1 (0.031%) SRDF
11 1 (0.031%) Terminal Services
11 1 (0.031%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.031%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.031%) Xen
Systems Management
1 493 (15.11%) Kubernetes
2 158 (4.84%) Terraform
3 115 (3.53%) Ansible
4 57 (1.75%) Puppet
5 32 (0.98%) Grafana
6 26 (0.80%) Opscode Chef
7 25 (0.77%) Prometheus
8 18 (0.55%) Kibana
9 13 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
10 12 (0.37%) ZABBIX
11 10 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
12 8 (0.25%) FlexNet
12 8 (0.25%) Packer
12 8 (0.25%) Salt
13 7 (0.21%) vRealize
14 6 (0.18%) Consul
14 6 (0.18%) Rancher
15 5 (0.15%) logstash
16 4 (0.12%) Data Guard
16 4 (0.12%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 343 (10.52%) Microsoft
2 236 (7.23%) Google
3 160 (4.90%) Oracle
4 133 (4.08%) Salesforce.com
5 67 (2.05%) SAP
6 49 (1.50%) VMware
6 49 (1.50%) Zend
7 44 (1.35%) Adobe
8 39 (1.20%) IBM
9 33 (1.01%) Red Hat
10 32 (0.98%) ServiceNow
11 31 (0.95%) Atlassian
12 23 (0.71%) Twitter
13 22 (0.67%) Xamarin
14 21 (0.64%) Samsung
15 16 (0.49%) Yahoo!
16 14 (0.43%) WSO2
17 13 (0.40%) Cisco
17 13 (0.40%) Intapp
18 12 (0.37%) Apple