Period
to 5 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 5 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > England
6 months to
5 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 71 82 80
Rank change year-on-year +11 -2 +13
Permanent jobs citing REST 4,841 5,560 6,176
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 3.88% 3.67% 3.67%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.14% 9.23% 9.13%
Number of salaries quoted 3,894 4,375 5,046
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +2.80%
10th Percentile £35,500 £34,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,800 £80,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% -

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 47,749 60,247 67,612
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 38.24% 39.78% 40.23%
Number of salaries quoted 39,868 50,117 56,784
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £78,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing REST in England.

Salary trend for REST in England

REST
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing REST in England over the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

Salary histogram for REST in England

REST
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the England region over the 6 months to 5 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +13 2,476 £70,000 +7.69% 399
South East +3 939 £50,000 - 139
North of England +44 602 £46,750 +3.89% 174
North West +39 376 £47,000 +4.44% 73
South West -23 340 £45,000 -5.26% 43
Midlands -19 280 £47,500 - 112
East of England -6 197 £50,000 -9.09% 47
West Midlands +3 175 £50,000 - 75
Yorkshire +22 172 £47,500 +5.56% 77
East Midlands -38 105 £40,500 -10.00% 37
North East +35 55 £40,000 -11.11% 24
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 5 December 2019, IT jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for REST.

1 2,642 (54.58%) Agile Software Development
2 2,202 (45.49%) JavaScript
3 1,741 (35.96%) C#
4 1,650 (34.08%) .NET
5 1,618 (33.42%) Java
6 1,465 (30.26%) CSS
7 1,449 (29.93%) HTML
8 1,413 (29.19%) SQL
9 1,372 (28.34%) Web Services
10 1,332 (27.51%) SOAP
11 1,184 (24.46%) Git (software)
12 1,107 (22.87%) AWS
12 1,107 (22.87%) SQL Server
13 1,106 (22.85%) TDD
14 1,060 (21.90%) MVC
15 1,005 (20.76%) Scrum
16 997 (20.59%) Microservices
17 972 (20.08%) Azure
18 962 (19.87%) JSON
19 946 (19.54%) AngularJS
20 945 (19.52%) DevOps
21 894 (18.47%) Docker
22 889 (18.36%) Finance
23 863 (17.83%) Software Engineering
24 847 (17.50%) Test Automation
25 788 (16.28%) ASP.NET
26 771 (15.93%) XML
27 770 (15.91%) Continuous Integration
28 736 (15.20%) React
29 723 (14.93%) Spring

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 168 (3.47%) Apache Spark
2 149 (3.08%) Confluence
3 144 (2.97%) Elasticsearch
4 128 (2.64%) Tomcat
5 108 (2.23%) Apache
6 104 (2.15%) CMS
7 74 (1.53%) IIS
7 74 (1.53%) SharePoint
8 73 (1.51%) JBoss
9 57 (1.18%) nginx
10 51 (1.05%) Mule
11 43 (0.89%) Cloud Foundry
12 39 (0.81%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 38 (0.78%) OpenStack
13 38 (0.78%) WebSphere
14 35 (0.72%) EPiServer
15 34 (0.70%) Anypoint
16 30 (0.62%) BizTalk Server
17 29 (0.60%) Umbraco
18 28 (0.58%) WebLogic
Applications
1 39 (0.81%) MS Visio
2 20 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 17 (0.35%) Microsoft Excel
4 15 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
5 12 (0.25%) Photoshop
6 8 (0.17%) Chatbot
6 8 (0.17%) Zeplin
7 7 (0.14%) Adobe Premiere
8 5 (0.10%) Adobe XD
8 5 (0.10%) InVision
8 5 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.083%) GNU Octave
9 4 (0.083%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.041%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.041%) InDesign
10 2 (0.041%) Sketch
11 1 (0.021%) Figma
11 1 (0.021%) Gliffy
Business Applications
1 41 (0.85%) Dynamics CRM
2 30 (0.62%) NetSuite
3 27 (0.56%) SAP Hybris
4 17 (0.35%) Magento
5 9 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
5 9 (0.19%) Elite 3E
5 9 (0.19%) SAP Business One
6 8 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
7 7 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
8 6 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
8 6 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
9 5 (0.10%) Eloqua
9 5 (0.10%) HFM
9 5 (0.10%) Oracle FAH
9 5 (0.10%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 5 (0.10%) Visualfiles
10 4 (0.083%) BusinessWorks
11 3 (0.062%) OpenText MBPM
11 3 (0.062%) SAP Business ByDesign
11 3 (0.062%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 1,107 (22.87%) AWS
2 972 (20.08%) Azure
3 287 (5.93%) SaaS
4 223 (4.61%) GCP
5 201 (4.15%) Serverless
6 196 (4.05%) GitHub
7 126 (2.60%) AWS Lambda
8 92 (1.90%) Amazon EC2
9 86 (1.78%) PaaS
10 72 (1.49%) Power Platform
11 68 (1.40%) Cloud Computing
12 67 (1.38%) npm
13 57 (1.18%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 46 (0.95%) AWS CloudFormation
15 44 (0.91%) Amazon S3
15 44 (0.91%) Boomi
15 44 (0.91%) OpenShift
16 39 (0.81%) IaaS
17 34 (0.70%) Amazon SQS
17 34 (0.70%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 299 (6.18%) HTTP
2 117 (2.42%) Internet
3 76 (1.57%) TCP/IP
4 62 (1.28%) HTTPS
5 57 (1.18%) Firewall
6 37 (0.76%) SSL
7 31 (0.64%) SSH
8 30 (0.62%) DNS
9 19 (0.39%) X.509
10 13 (0.27%) VoIP
11 11 (0.23%) AMQP
12 10 (0.21%) FTP
12 10 (0.21%) Skype
13 9 (0.19%) Intranet
13 9 (0.19%) Network Security
13 9 (0.19%) SMS
14 8 (0.17%) VPN
15 7 (0.14%) Bluetooth
16 6 (0.12%) Kerberos
16 6 (0.12%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,107 (22.87%) SQL Server
2 531 (10.97%) MySQL
3 376 (7.77%) NoSQL
4 278 (5.74%) PostgreSQL
5 248 (5.12%) MongoDB
6 232 (4.79%) Relational Database
7 186 (3.84%) Redis
8 184 (3.80%) Big Data
9 124 (2.56%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 95 (1.96%) SQL Server 2012
11 88 (1.82%) Amazon RDS
12 81 (1.67%) Azure SQL Database
12 81 (1.67%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 70 (1.45%) Hadoop
13 70 (1.45%) Power BI
13 70 (1.45%) RDBMS
14 61 (1.26%) Data Warehouse
15 56 (1.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 55 (1.14%) Oracle Database
17 48 (0.99%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1,184 (24.46%) Git (software)
2 539 (11.13%) Jenkins
3 479 (9.89%) JIRA
4 372 (7.68%) Selenium
5 318 (6.57%) JUnit
6 285 (5.89%) Maven
7 237 (4.90%) Visual Studio
8 230 (4.75%) Team Foundation Server
9 214 (4.42%) Cucumber
10 190 (3.92%) Bitbucket
11 157 (3.24%) TeamCity
12 151 (3.12%) Subversion
13 147 (3.04%) NUnit
14 133 (2.75%) WebDriver
15 120 (2.48%) SpecFlow
16 113 (2.33%) webpack
17 110 (2.27%) Octopus Deploy
18 97 (2.00%) SoapUI
19 93 (1.92%) Mockito
20 90 (1.86%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 889 (18.36%) Finance
2 273 (5.64%) Marketing
3 239 (4.94%) Retail
4 214 (4.42%) Banking
5 162 (3.35%) Games
6 96 (1.98%) Telecoms
7 86 (1.78%) Public Sector
8 68 (1.40%) Manufacturing
9 59 (1.22%) Electronics
10 58 (1.20%) Advertising
10 58 (1.20%) Law
11 54 (1.12%) Legal
12 31 (0.64%) Publishing
13 27 (0.56%) Investment Banking
14 25 (0.52%) Financial Institution
15 24 (0.50%) Automotive
15 24 (0.50%) Billing
16 17 (0.35%) Front Office
17 16 (0.33%) Retail Banking
18 13 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,115 (64.35%) Developer
2 773 (15.97%) Senior Developer
3 624 (12.89%) Java Developer
4 608 (12.56%) .NET Developer
5 493 (10.18%) C# Developer
6 378 (7.81%) Software Engineer
7 346 (7.15%) Software Developer
8 270 (5.58%) C# .NET Developer
9 261 (5.39%) Full Stack Developer
10 232 (4.79%) PHP Developer
11 225 (4.65%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 213 (4.40%) Architect
13 183 (3.78%) Analyst
14 181 (3.74%) Senior Java Developer
15 180 (3.72%) Senior .NET Developer
16 164 (3.39%) Python Developer
17 162 (3.35%) Lead Developer
18 146 (3.02%) JavaScript Developer
19 144 (2.97%) Angular Developer
19 144 (2.97%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,650 (34.08%) .NET
2 1,465 (30.26%) CSS
3 1,449 (29.93%) HTML
4 1,372 (28.34%) Web Services
5 1,332 (27.51%) SOAP
6 962 (19.87%) JSON
7 946 (19.54%) AngularJS
8 788 (16.28%) ASP.NET
9 771 (15.93%) XML
10 736 (15.20%) React
11 723 (14.93%) Spring
12 571 (11.80%) jQuery
13 516 (10.66%) Node.js
14 502 (10.37%) HTML5
15 443 (9.15%) ASP.NET Web API
16 423 (8.74%) .NET Core
17 357 (7.37%) WCF
18 349 (7.21%) .NET Framework
19 343 (7.09%) ASP.NET MVC
20 303 (6.26%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 411 (8.49%) User Experience
2 360 (7.44%) Mobile App
3 275 (5.68%) Greenfield Project
4 222 (4.59%) Analytical Skills
5 177 (3.66%) Self-Motivation
6 164 (3.39%) Enterprise Software
7 141 (2.91%) Algorithms
8 138 (2.85%) Data Structures
9 88 (1.82%) Cloud Native
10 78 (1.61%) Virtual Team
11 72 (1.49%) Management Information System
12 52 (1.07%) Linux Command Line
13 49 (1.01%) iPad
14 46 (0.95%) Online Gambling
15 40 (0.83%) Social Media
16 38 (0.78%) Public Cloud
17 36 (0.74%) Data Centre
18 32 (0.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 25 (0.52%) Client/Server
19 25 (0.52%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 476 (9.83%) Linux
2 316 (6.53%) Windows
3 277 (5.72%) Android
4 221 (4.57%) Apple iOS
5 133 (2.75%) Unix
6 40 (0.83%) Mac OS X
7 32 (0.66%) Windows Server
8 29 (0.60%) CentOS
9 26 (0.54%) Ubuntu
10 15 (0.31%) Fedora
11 14 (0.29%) Mac OS
11 14 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
12 10 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 10 (0.21%) Windows Mobile
13 8 (0.17%) Windows 7
13 8 (0.17%) Windows 8
14 4 (0.083%) Debian
15 2 (0.041%) Embedded Linux
15 2 (0.041%) Windows Server 2008
16 1 (0.021%) Nucleus RTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,642 (54.58%) Agile Software Development
2 1,106 (22.85%) TDD
3 1,060 (21.90%) MVC
4 1,005 (20.76%) Scrum
5 997 (20.59%) Microservices
6 945 (19.52%) DevOps
7 863 (17.83%) Software Engineering
8 847 (17.50%) Test Automation
9 770 (15.91%) Continuous Integration
10 718 (14.83%) OO
11 641 (13.24%) BDD
12 569 (11.75%) Computer Science
13 568 (11.73%) Problem-Solving
14 559 (11.55%) Web Development
15 480 (9.92%) Mentoring
16 428 (8.84%) Unit Testing
17 400 (8.26%) Fintech
18 387 (7.99%) OOP
19 373 (7.71%) Front End Development
20 360 (7.44%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 2,202 (45.49%) JavaScript
2 1,741 (35.96%) C#
3 1,618 (33.42%) Java
4 1,413 (29.19%) SQL
5 660 (13.63%) Python
6 364 (7.52%) Java 8
7 360 (7.44%) PHP
8 272 (5.62%) TypeScript
9 183 (3.78%) Go
10 176 (3.64%) T-SQL
11 167 (3.45%) PowerShell
12 163 (3.37%) ES6
13 148 (3.06%) C++
14 137 (2.83%) Ruby
15 130 (2.69%) Kotlin
16 121 (2.50%) C
17 119 (2.46%) Scala
18 117 (2.42%) VB.NET
19 97 (2.00%) PL/SQL
20 94 (1.94%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 628 (12.97%) Degree
2 323 (6.67%) Computer Science Degree
3 71 (1.47%) ISTQB
4 70 (1.45%) Security Cleared
5 49 (1.01%) Microsoft Certification
6 34 (0.70%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 31 (0.64%) PMI Certification
8 28 (0.58%) SC Cleared
9 27 (0.56%) ISEB
10 26 (0.54%) CISSP
11 25 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
12 24 (0.50%) CCNA
12 24 (0.50%) CompTIA Security+
12 24 (0.50%) GIAC
12 24 (0.50%) Linux+ Certification
12 24 (0.50%) MCSE
12 24 (0.50%) Network+ Certification
12 24 (0.50%) SANS
12 24 (0.50%) SSCP
13 19 (0.39%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 464 (9.58%) QA
2 44 (0.91%) Data Quality
3 40 (0.83%) GDPR
4 14 (0.29%) PCI DSS
5 13 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 7 (0.14%) PSD2
7 6 (0.12%) SLA
8 5 (0.10%) Solvency II
9 4 (0.083%) WCAG
10 2 (0.041%) PA-DSS
10 2 (0.041%) RMADS
10 2 (0.041%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.021%) Government Security Classifications
11 1 (0.021%) NCSC
11 1 (0.021%) WAI
System Software
1 894 (18.47%) Docker
2 71 (1.47%) Active Directory
3 30 (0.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (0.43%) Varnish
5 8 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.14%) Cronacle
7 5 (0.10%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.10%) vSphere
8 4 (0.083%) ACF2
8 4 (0.083%) IAG
8 4 (0.083%) RACF
9 3 (0.062%) HDFS
10 2 (0.041%) KVM
10 2 (0.041%) LXC
10 2 (0.041%) NFS
10 2 (0.041%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.041%) oVirt
10 2 (0.041%) RHEV
11 1 (0.021%) Postfix
11 1 (0.021%) Xen
Systems Management
1 567 (11.71%) Kubernetes
2 101 (2.09%) Terraform
3 91 (1.88%) Ansible
4 85 (1.76%) Puppet
5 67 (1.38%) Opscode Chef
6 56 (1.16%) Mesos
7 41 (0.85%) Grafana
8 40 (0.83%) Kibana
9 34 (0.70%) Rancher
10 24 (0.50%) Salt
11 21 (0.43%) Marathon
11 21 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
12 20 (0.41%) Automic
13 12 (0.25%) Prometheus
14 7 (0.14%) Control-M
14 7 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
15 6 (0.12%) ITRS Geneos
15 6 (0.12%) Tivoli
16 5 (0.10%) Failover Clustering
16 5 (0.10%) Oracle Identity Management
Vendors
1 583 (12.04%) Microsoft
2 276 (5.70%) Oracle
3 221 (4.57%) Salesforce.com
4 207 (4.28%) Google
5 138 (2.85%) SAP
6 135 (2.79%) MuleSoft
7 87 (1.80%) Zend
8 84 (1.74%) Atlassian
9 82 (1.69%) IBM
10 77 (1.59%) Adobe
11 55 (1.14%) Xamarin
12 48 (0.99%) Splunk
13 47 (0.97%) Tableau
14 43 (0.89%) TIBCO
15 41 (0.85%) Dell
16 33 (0.68%) hybris
16 33 (0.68%) Sage
16 33 (0.68%) WorldPay
17 31 (0.64%) Jitterbit
18 30 (0.62%) VMware