Period
to 20 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
20 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 111 113 108
Rank change year-on-year +2 -5 -6
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 4,485 4,771 5,222
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.88% 2.87% 2.84%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.68% 9.45% 9.52%
Number of salaries quoted 3,476 3,648 4,200
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,675 £30,000
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 46,319 50,472 54,840
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 29.69% 30.39% 29.79%
Number of salaries quoted 37,930 41,976 47,322
England median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £76,250
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 20 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 2,143 £60,000 - 268
South East -2 889 £50,000 +11.11% 100
North of England +6 520 £45,000 +5.88% 123
East of England +3 351 £45,000 -4.26% 50
Midlands +47 338 £43,500 -3.33% 71
North West -2 276 £42,500 -5.56% 72
South West -36 268 £42,265 +5.66% 41
West Midlands +60 233 £43,500 -3.33% 37
Yorkshire +37 204 £45,000 +5.88% 45
East Midlands +19 104 £42,500 -8.11% 34
North East -20 40 £40,000 +2.67% 6
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 20 September 2018, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2,564 (57.17%) SQL
2 1,668 (37.19%) Agile Software Development
3 1,666 (37.15%) Java
4 1,571 (35.03%) SQL Server
5 1,500 (33.44%) RDBMS
6 1,310 (29.21%) JavaScript
7 1,272 (28.36%) Finance
8 1,176 (26.22%) Oracle
9 1,026 (22.88%) HTML
10 988 (22.03%) C#
11 978 (21.81%) .NET
12 969 (21.61%) Microsoft
13 911 (20.31%) Linux
14 909 (20.27%) Python
15 872 (19.44%) Degree
16 835 (18.62%) Problem-Solving
17 793 (17.68%) Amazon AWS
18 792 (17.66%) CSS
19 748 (16.68%) OO
20 719 (16.03%) NoSQL
21 687 (15.32%) Analytical Skills
22 673 (15.01%) MySQL
23 653 (14.56%) Web Services
24 628 (14.00%) Git (software)
25 626 (13.96%) Software Engineering
26 621 (13.85%) Computer Science
27 565 (12.60%) Microsoft Azure
28 563 (12.55%) AngularJS
29 561 (12.51%) TDD
30 558 (12.44%) Spring

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 198 (4.41%) Apache Spark
2 185 (4.12%) Apache
3 172 (3.84%) Tomcat
4 159 (3.55%) JBoss
5 141 (3.14%) WebSphere
6 129 (2.88%) Elasticsearch
7 122 (2.72%) Confluence
8 105 (2.34%) IIS
9 102 (2.27%) SharePoint
10 86 (1.92%) WebLogic
11 76 (1.69%) CMS
12 64 (1.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 46 (1.03%) OpenStack
14 35 (0.78%) SAS
15 32 (0.71%) Drupal
16 31 (0.69%) nginx
17 30 (0.67%) WordPress
18 29 (0.65%) GlassFish
19 28 (0.62%) MS Exchange
20 27 (0.60%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 198 (4.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 117 (2.61%) Microsoft Office
3 22 (0.49%) MS Visio
4 21 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 19 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
6 12 (0.27%) HipChat
7 10 (0.22%) GNU Octave
8 8 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
9 6 (0.13%) Chatbot
9 6 (0.13%) Photoshop
10 5 (0.11%) SPSS
11 2 (0.045%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 2 (0.045%) FrameMaker
11 2 (0.045%) RoboHelp
11 2 (0.045%) Weka
12 1 (0.022%) Acrobat
12 1 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.022%) AutoCAD
12 1 (0.022%) Fireworks
12 1 (0.022%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 27 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.49%) SimCorp Dimension
3 21 (0.47%) Oracle EBS
4 17 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
4 17 (0.38%) Oracle EBS R12
5 16 (0.36%) Oracle 11i
5 16 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
6 15 (0.33%) Relativity
6 15 (0.33%) Ringtail
7 13 (0.29%) Magento
8 11 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
8 11 (0.25%) Unit4 Business World
9 10 (0.22%) SDL Web 8
10 9 (0.20%) Concordance
11 8 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
11 8 (0.18%) Infor SunSystems
11 8 (0.18%) Sentinel
11 8 (0.18%) Veritas eDiscovery
12 7 (0.16%) NetSuite
13 6 (0.13%) Markit EDM
Cloud Services
1 793 (17.68%) Amazon AWS
2 565 (12.60%) Microsoft Azure
3 162 (3.61%) SaaS
4 116 (2.59%) GitHub
5 105 (2.34%) Google Cloud Platform
5 105 (2.34%) Serverless
6 94 (2.10%) Amazon EC2
7 93 (2.07%) IaaS
8 86 (1.92%) Amazon S3
9 84 (1.87%) Cloud Computing
10 66 (1.47%) Office 365
11 56 (1.25%) AWS Lambda
12 55 (1.23%) PaaS
13 45 (1.00%) AWS CloudFormation
14 35 (0.78%) Amazon Kinesis
15 32 (0.71%) Amazon EMR
16 25 (0.56%) Google Analytics
17 24 (0.54%) Amazon ELB
18 23 (0.51%) Amazon SQS
19 21 (0.47%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 147 (3.28%) Internet
2 129 (2.88%) HTTP
3 117 (2.61%) TCP/IP
4 70 (1.56%) Firewall
5 51 (1.14%) SAN
6 42 (0.94%) DNS
7 35 (0.78%) NAS
8 27 (0.60%) VPN
9 26 (0.58%) AMQP
10 25 (0.56%) FTP
11 23 (0.51%) SSL
12 20 (0.45%) Network Security
13 18 (0.40%) SMS
14 15 (0.33%) Skype
14 15 (0.33%) WebEx
15 13 (0.29%) DHCP
15 13 (0.29%) SMTP
15 13 (0.29%) WAN
16 12 (0.27%) LAN
17 11 (0.25%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,571 (35.03%) SQL Server
2 1,500 (33.44%) RDBMS
3 719 (16.03%) NoSQL
4 673 (15.01%) MySQL
5 530 (11.82%) Big Data
6 476 (10.61%) Data Warehouse
7 461 (10.28%) PostgreSQL
8 439 (9.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 370 (8.25%) MongoDB
10 298 (6.64%) Oracle Database
11 289 (6.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 218 (4.86%) Hadoop
13 213 (4.75%) SQL Server 2008
14 193 (4.30%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 169 (3.77%) Apache Cassandra
16 143 (3.19%) SQL Server 2012
17 127 (2.83%) Power BI
18 122 (2.72%) DB2
19 115 (2.56%) Redis
20 104 (2.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 628 (14.00%) Git (software)
2 290 (6.47%) Jenkins
3 278 (6.20%) JIRA
4 237 (5.28%) Maven
5 172 (3.84%) Subversion
6 124 (2.76%) JUnit
7 114 (2.54%) Selenium
8 110 (2.45%) Visual Studio
9 101 (2.25%) Team Foundation Server
10 97 (2.16%) TeamCity
11 88 (1.96%) Eclipse
12 77 (1.72%) Bitbucket
13 68 (1.52%) Gradle
14 62 (1.38%) Cucumber
15 50 (1.11%) Ant
16 48 (1.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 43 (0.96%) NUnit
18 42 (0.94%) Visual Studio Team System
19 40 (0.89%) Octopus Deploy
20 38 (0.85%) Vagrant
General
1 1,272 (28.36%) Finance
2 523 (11.66%) Banking
3 276 (6.15%) Retail
4 238 (5.31%) Investment Banking
5 227 (5.06%) Financial Institution
6 220 (4.91%) Marketing
7 108 (2.41%) Advertising
8 98 (2.19%) Games
9 82 (1.83%) Front Office
10 77 (1.72%) Legal
11 72 (1.61%) Telecoms
12 70 (1.56%) Manufacturing
13 61 (1.36%) Back Office
14 51 (1.14%) Law
15 40 (0.89%) Electronics
16 21 (0.47%) Publishing
17 17 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
18 15 (0.33%) Automotive
19 11 (0.25%) German Language
19 11 (0.25%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 2,119 (47.25%) Developer
2 624 (13.91%) Java Developer
3 546 (12.17%) Analyst
4 432 (9.63%) Senior Developer
5 318 (7.09%) Software Developer
6 310 (6.91%) C# Developer
7 284 (6.33%) Architect
8 275 (6.13%) .NET Developer
9 263 (5.86%) DBA
10 244 (5.44%) Software Engineer
11 234 (5.22%) SQL Developer
12 216 (4.82%) Applications Support
13 194 (4.33%) Junior
14 183 (4.08%) Support Analyst
15 162 (3.61%) C# .NET Developer
16 155 (3.46%) Junior Developer
17 149 (3.32%) Administrator
18 148 (3.30%) Data Engineer
19 147 (3.28%) Senior Java Developer
20 141 (3.14%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,026 (22.88%) HTML
2 978 (21.81%) .NET
3 792 (17.66%) CSS
4 653 (14.56%) Web Services
5 563 (12.55%) AngularJS
6 558 (12.44%) Spring
7 505 (11.26%) XML
8 444 (9.90%) RESTful
9 406 (9.05%) HTML5
10 400 (8.92%) ASP.NET
11 397 (8.85%) REST
12 357 (7.96%) jQuery
13 334 (7.45%) Hibernate
14 319 (7.11%) JSON
15 307 (6.85%) .NET Framework
16 285 (6.35%) React
17 272 (6.06%) SOAP
18 260 (5.80%) Node.js
19 218 (4.86%) CSS3
20 212 (4.73%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 687 (15.32%) Analytical Skills
2 621 (13.85%) Computer Science
3 237 (5.28%) Enterprise Software
4 224 (4.99%) Fintech
5 209 (4.66%) Self-Motivation
6 200 (4.46%) Cyberthreat
7 163 (3.63%) Management Information System
8 155 (3.46%) Algorithms
9 148 (3.30%) Mobile App
10 143 (3.19%) User Experience
11 140 (3.12%) Data Structures
12 125 (2.79%) Greenfield Project
13 106 (2.36%) Replication
14 88 (1.96%) Derivative
15 78 (1.74%) Clustering
16 74 (1.65%) Hedge funds
17 68 (1.52%) Virtual Team
18 58 (1.29%) Equities
19 55 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
20 50 (1.11%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 911 (20.31%) Linux
2 498 (11.10%) Windows
3 494 (11.01%) Unix
4 125 (2.79%) Windows Server
5 98 (2.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 42 (0.94%) Apple iOS
7 40 (0.89%) Android
8 38 (0.85%) Solaris
9 35 (0.78%) CentOS
10 31 (0.69%) Ubuntu
11 28 (0.62%) AIX
11 28 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
12 27 (0.60%) Mac OS X
13 26 (0.58%) Windows 7
14 25 (0.56%) VMS
15 23 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
16 19 (0.42%) Mac OS
17 17 (0.38%) HPUX
18 12 (0.27%) Oracle Linux
19 11 (0.25%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,668 (37.19%) Agile Software Development
2 835 (18.62%) Problem-Solving
3 748 (16.68%) OO
4 626 (13.96%) Software Engineering
5 561 (12.51%) TDD
6 536 (11.95%) ETL
7 529 (11.79%) Scrum
8 518 (11.55%) MVC
9 482 (10.75%) Business Intelligence
10 455 (10.14%) SDLC
11 442 (9.86%) DevOps
12 435 (9.70%) Continuous Integration
13 430 (9.59%) Test Automation
14 426 (9.50%) Microservices
15 416 (9.28%) Analytics
16 326 (7.27%) Data Modelling
17 315 (7.02%) Web Development
18 283 (6.31%) ITIL
19 278 (6.20%) OOP
20 260 (5.80%) Investment Management
Programming Languages
1 2,564 (57.17%) SQL
2 1,666 (37.15%) Java
3 1,310 (29.21%) JavaScript
4 988 (22.03%) C#
5 909 (20.27%) Python
6 417 (9.30%) T-SQL
7 352 (7.85%) PHP
8 286 (6.38%) C++
9 241 (5.37%) Scala
10 226 (5.04%) PL/SQL
11 221 (4.93%) Shell Script
12 218 (4.86%) Perl
13 201 (4.48%) Java 8
14 193 (4.30%) PowerShell
15 187 (4.17%) Ruby
16 154 (3.43%) Bash Shell
17 149 (3.32%) C
18 103 (2.30%) R
19 95 (2.12%) VB
20 94 (2.10%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 872 (19.44%) Degree
2 275 (6.13%) Computer Science Degree
3 110 (2.45%) Microsoft Certification
4 100 (2.23%) Security Cleared
5 83 (1.85%) Master's Degree
6 42 (0.94%) MCSA
7 39 (0.87%) PhD
7 39 (0.87%) SC Cleared
8 35 (0.78%) MCSE
9 28 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
10 19 (0.42%) DV Cleared
11 18 (0.40%) ISEB
12 17 (0.38%) AWS Certification
12 17 (0.38%) ISTQB
12 17 (0.38%) Oracle Certification
13 14 (0.31%) OCP
13 14 (0.31%) Postgraduate
14 11 (0.25%) HNC
15 10 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
15 10 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 282 (6.29%) QA
2 152 (3.39%) Data Quality
3 70 (1.56%) SLA
4 50 (1.11%) GDPR
5 37 (0.82%) GCP
6 27 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 19 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 16 (0.36%) PCI DSS
9 9 (0.20%) ISO 9001
10 8 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 5 (0.11%) MiFID
12 4 (0.089%) PSD2
13 3 (0.067%) WCAG
14 2 (0.045%) HL7
14 2 (0.045%) ISO 22301
15 1 (0.022%) Cyber Essentials
15 1 (0.022%) Dodd-Frank
15 1 (0.022%) PMO
System Software
1 322 (7.18%) Docker
2 116 (2.59%) Active Directory
3 94 (2.10%) Oracle RAC
4 74 (1.65%) VMware Infrastructure
5 45 (1.00%) HDFS
5 45 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
6 30 (0.67%) Hyper-V
7 24 (0.54%) Apache Flume
8 11 (0.25%) Firmware
9 10 (0.22%) KVM
10 9 (0.20%) LXC
10 9 (0.20%) VirtualBox
11 8 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 8 (0.18%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 7 (0.16%) VMware Workstation
13 6 (0.13%) iptables
13 6 (0.13%) oVirt
14 4 (0.089%) OpenAM
14 4 (0.089%) Xen
15 3 (0.067%) RACF
Systems Management
1 163 (3.63%) Ansible
2 150 (3.34%) Kubernetes
3 138 (3.08%) Puppet
4 125 (2.79%) Opscode Chef
5 83 (1.85%) Terraform
6 67 (1.49%) Data Guard
7 41 (0.91%) Oracle RMAN
8 36 (0.80%) Nagios
9 34 (0.76%) Kibana
10 28 (0.62%) logstash
11 27 (0.60%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 26 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
12 26 (0.58%) Packer
13 22 (0.49%) Salt
14 20 (0.45%) Mesos
14 20 (0.45%) Prometheus
15 19 (0.42%) Oozie
16 17 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
16 17 (0.38%) ITRS Geneos
16 17 (0.38%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 1,176 (26.22%) Oracle
2 969 (21.61%) Microsoft
3 184 (4.10%) Sybase
4 181 (4.04%) Google
5 146 (3.26%) Tableau
6 117 (2.61%) IBM
7 102 (2.27%) SAP
8 101 (2.25%) VMware
9 81 (1.81%) Informatica
10 78 (1.74%) Red Hat
11 66 (1.47%) Salesforce.com
12 56 (1.25%) Splunk
13 55 (1.23%) Xamarin
14 51 (1.14%) Capita
15 48 (1.07%) Atlassian
16 43 (0.96%) Cognos
17 41 (0.91%) AppDynamics
17 41 (0.91%) Remedy
17 41 (0.91%) Sun
18 38 (0.85%) Adobe