Period
to 17 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 17 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 124 134 141
Rank change year-on-year +10 +7 -14
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 3,114 1,349 2,928
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.86% 2.44% 2.51%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.67% 8.82% 9.27%
Number of salaries quoted 1,854 1,122 2,277
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,750 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £76,250
90th Percentile £93,750 £87,500 £93,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 29,191 15,293 31,600
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 26.81% 27.65% 27.08%
Number of salaries quoted 19,303 13,080 26,365
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £32,007
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £39,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 17 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +26 1,735 £70,000 - 204
South East +6 467 £55,000 - 68
North of England -3 341 £50,000 +11.11% 68
South West -16 197 £52,500 +10.53% 30
North West -7 196 £50,000 +11.11% 41
Midlands -42 194 £50,000 +11.11% 52
West Midlands -11 139 £47,500 -5.00% 35
Yorkshire -4 124 £50,000 +16.28% 21
East of England -56 113 £50,000 -11.11% 16
East Midlands -61 54 £55,000 +46.67% 16
North East -13 21 £40,000 -18.96% 6
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 17 January 2022, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,516 (48.68%) Agile Software Development
2 1,485 (47.69%) SQL
3 1,006 (32.31%) AWS
4 979 (31.44%) Java
5 852 (27.36%) Python
6 838 (26.91%) JavaScript
7 829 (26.62%) Social Skills
8 817 (26.24%) RDBMS
9 774 (24.86%) DevOps
10 770 (24.73%) Azure
11 757 (24.31%) Software Engineering
12 750 (24.08%) Finance
13 725 (23.28%) SQL Server
14 719 (23.09%) Microservices
15 710 (22.80%) Degree
16 663 (21.29%) NoSQL
17 647 (20.78%) PostgreSQL
18 634 (20.36%) C#
19 628 (20.17%) Git (software)
20 616 (19.78%) Problem-Solving
21 605 (19.43%) Docker
22 604 (19.40%) React
23 569 (18.27%) Spring
24 533 (17.12%) Kubernetes
25 530 (17.02%) Computer Science
26 515 (16.54%) MySQL
27 505 (16.22%) Full Stack Development
28 504 (16.18%) .NET
29 500 (16.06%) Oracle
30 491 (15.77%) TDD

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 171 (5.49%) Apache Spark
2 163 (5.23%) Elasticsearch
3 122 (3.92%) Apache
4 77 (2.47%) Confluence
5 63 (2.02%) Tomcat
6 54 (1.73%) WebLogic
7 49 (1.57%) GemFire
8 46 (1.48%) JBoss
9 44 (1.41%) Apache Airflow
10 36 (1.16%) Mule
11 34 (1.09%) Anypoint
11 34 (1.09%) Mule ESB
12 33 (1.06%) CMS
12 33 (1.06%) SAS
13 32 (1.03%) SharePoint
14 27 (0.87%) Tornado
15 23 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
15 23 (0.74%) Luigi
16 21 (0.67%) Apache Solr
17 20 (0.64%) IIS
Applications
1 99 (3.18%) Microsoft Excel
2 51 (1.64%) Microsoft Office
3 36 (1.16%) Spreadsheet
4 23 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 22 (0.71%) MS Visio
6 19 (0.61%) InVision
7 14 (0.45%) Sketch
8 10 (0.32%) OmniGraffle
9 3 (0.096%) Chatbot
9 3 (0.096%) Photoshop
10 2 (0.064%) FileZilla
11 1 (0.032%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.032%) GIMP
11 1 (0.032%) Oracle Smart View
Business Applications
1 13 (0.42%) Magento
1 13 (0.42%) Temenos T24
2 10 (0.32%) JDE OneWorld
2 10 (0.32%) NetSuite
3 9 (0.29%) Raiser's Edge
4 8 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
5 7 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 6 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
6 6 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
7 5 (0.16%) JDE EnterpriseOne
7 5 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
8 3 (0.096%) IBM Planning Analytics
8 3 (0.096%) Loan IQ
9 2 (0.064%) Line 50
9 2 (0.064%) Markit EDM
9 2 (0.064%) Oracle ERP
10 1 (0.032%) Oracle Assets
10 1 (0.032%) Oracle Payables
10 1 (0.032%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 1 (0.032%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,006 (32.31%) AWS
2 770 (24.73%) Azure
3 361 (11.59%) GCP
4 309 (9.92%) GitHub
5 212 (6.81%) SaaS
6 187 (6.01%) Power Platform
7 185 (5.94%) Serverless
8 124 (3.98%) Amazon S3
9 100 (3.21%) Amazon Kinesis
10 96 (3.08%) Snowflake
11 76 (2.44%) Amazon SQS
12 73 (2.34%) Amazon EC2
13 68 (2.18%) PaaS
14 56 (1.80%) Heroku
15 54 (1.73%) AWS Lambda
15 54 (1.73%) Cloud Computing
16 52 (1.67%) Amazon ECS
16 52 (1.67%) IaaS
17 49 (1.57%) Azure Synapse Analytics
18 45 (1.45%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 105 (3.37%) HTTP
2 64 (2.06%) Internet
3 56 (1.80%) Firewall
4 45 (1.45%) DNS
5 31 (1.00%) TCP/IP
6 20 (0.64%) MQTT
7 19 (0.61%) SAN
8 17 (0.55%) SSL
9 15 (0.48%) VPN
10 13 (0.42%) Broadband
10 13 (0.42%) SSH
11 11 (0.35%) SMTP
12 10 (0.32%) FTP
13 7 (0.22%) Network Security
14 6 (0.19%) 5G
14 6 (0.19%) Unified Communications
15 5 (0.16%) LAN
15 5 (0.16%) WAN
16 4 (0.13%) HTTPS
16 4 (0.13%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 817 (26.24%) RDBMS
2 725 (23.28%) SQL Server
3 663 (21.29%) NoSQL
4 647 (20.78%) PostgreSQL
5 515 (16.54%) MySQL
6 347 (11.14%) Data Warehouse
7 271 (8.70%) Big Data
8 245 (7.87%) MongoDB
9 226 (7.26%) Redis
10 179 (5.75%) Power BI
11 169 (5.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 168 (5.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 151 (4.85%) Data Lake
14 144 (4.62%) Hadoop
15 120 (3.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 113 (3.63%) Oracle Database
17 109 (3.50%) Apache Cassandra
17 109 (3.50%) Tableau
18 97 (3.11%) HBase
19 96 (3.08%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 628 (20.17%) Git (software)
2 382 (12.27%) Jenkins
3 192 (6.17%) JIRA
4 135 (4.34%) JUnit
5 125 (4.01%) Cypress.io
6 98 (3.15%) Gradle
7 89 (2.86%) Cucumber
8 88 (2.83%) Octopus Deploy
9 82 (2.63%) Team Foundation Server
10 81 (2.60%) Eclipse
11 78 (2.50%) NUnit
11 78 (2.50%) Selenium
12 71 (2.28%) Artifactory
12 71 (2.28%) Bitbucket
12 71 (2.28%) Visual Studio
13 68 (2.18%) IntelliJ
14 67 (2.15%) Postman
15 65 (2.09%) Mockito
16 63 (2.02%) Sonatype Nexus
17 62 (1.99%) Moq
General
1 829 (26.62%) Social Skills
2 750 (24.08%) Finance
3 442 (14.19%) Analytical Skills
4 238 (7.64%) Banking
5 192 (6.17%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 191 (6.13%) Retail
7 175 (5.62%) Law
8 108 (3.47%) Marketing
9 101 (3.24%) Presentation Skills
10 100 (3.21%) Games
11 84 (2.70%) Public Sector
12 78 (2.50%) Publishing
13 65 (2.09%) Advertising
14 63 (2.02%) Pharmaceutical
15 60 (1.93%) Manufacturing
16 58 (1.86%) Legal
17 52 (1.67%) Automotive
18 49 (1.57%) Financial Institution
19 46 (1.48%) Telecoms
20 35 (1.12%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,235 (39.66%) Developer
2 381 (12.24%) Software Engineer
3 304 (9.76%) Java Developer
4 282 (9.06%) Analyst
5 221 (7.10%) Data Engineer
6 210 (6.74%) Senior Developer
7 204 (6.55%) Software Developer
8 181 (5.81%) Senior Software Engineer
9 169 (5.43%) Full Stack Developer
10 154 (4.95%) Architect
11 127 (4.08%) .NET Developer
12 115 (3.69%) Lead Developer
13 106 (3.40%) DevOps Engineer
14 100 (3.21%) C# Developer
15 98 (3.15%) Java Engineer
16 97 (3.11%) PHP Developer
17 95 (3.05%) DBA
18 83 (2.67%) Technical Leader
19 81 (2.60%) Backend Developer
20 78 (2.50%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 604 (19.40%) React
2 569 (18.27%) Spring
3 504 (16.18%) .NET
4 488 (15.67%) REST
5 431 (13.84%) AngularJS
6 424 (13.62%) Web Services
7 413 (13.26%) RESTful
8 411 (13.20%) Node.js
9 402 (12.91%) CSS
10 373 (11.98%) Kafka
11 351 (11.27%) HTML
12 281 (9.02%) Spring Boot
13 254 (8.16%) JSON
14 251 (8.06%) XML
15 211 (6.78%) ASP.NET
16 208 (6.68%) RabbitMQ
17 182 (5.84%) Vue.js
18 173 (5.56%) SOAP
19 158 (5.07%) .NET Framework
20 147 (4.72%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 264 (8.48%) User Experience
2 169 (5.43%) Data Structures
3 147 (4.72%) Enterprise Software
4 146 (4.69%) Algorithms
5 135 (4.34%) Self-Motivation
6 105 (3.37%) Mobile App
7 104 (3.34%) Cloud Native
8 87 (2.79%) Greenfield Project
9 70 (2.25%) Management Information System
9 70 (2.25%) Virtual Team
10 67 (2.15%) Linux Command Line
11 53 (1.70%) Life Science
12 51 (1.64%) Social Media
13 43 (1.38%) Photography
14 42 (1.35%) Client/Server
15 41 (1.32%) Legacy Systems
16 36 (1.16%) Blog
17 34 (1.09%) Public Cloud
18 32 (1.03%) e-Health
19 31 (1.00%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 410 (13.17%) Linux
2 265 (8.51%) Unix
3 204 (6.55%) Windows
4 86 (2.76%) Android
5 74 (2.38%) Apple iOS
6 57 (1.83%) Windows Server
7 19 (0.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 19 (0.61%) VMS
8 16 (0.51%) Ubuntu
9 13 (0.42%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 12 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
11 11 (0.35%) CentOS
11 11 (0.35%) Windows Server 2016
12 10 (0.32%) Solaris
13 6 (0.19%) Mac OS
14 4 (0.13%) Windows 10
15 2 (0.064%) Mac OS X
16 1 (0.032%) AIX
16 1 (0.032%) Kali Linux
16 1 (0.032%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,516 (48.68%) Agile Software Development
2 774 (24.86%) DevOps
3 757 (24.31%) Software Engineering
4 719 (23.09%) Microservices
5 616 (19.78%) Problem-Solving
6 530 (17.02%) Computer Science
7 505 (16.22%) Full Stack Development
8 491 (15.77%) TDD
9 475 (15.25%) Analytics
10 474 (15.22%) Scrum
11 426 (13.68%) OO
12 397 (12.75%) Business Intelligence
13 389 (12.49%) Test Automation
14 362 (11.62%) Mentoring
15 343 (11.01%) Data Modelling
16 338 (10.85%) ETL
17 319 (10.24%) Continuous Integration
18 309 (9.92%) SDLC
19 288 (9.25%) MVC
20 265 (8.51%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,485 (47.69%) SQL
2 979 (31.44%) Java
3 852 (27.36%) Python
4 838 (26.91%) JavaScript
5 634 (20.36%) C#
6 273 (8.77%) TypeScript
7 181 (5.81%) PHP
8 144 (4.62%) T-SQL
9 140 (4.50%) Java 8
10 133 (4.27%) Shell Script
11 121 (3.89%) Bash
12 118 (3.79%) R
13 113 (3.63%) PowerShell
14 99 (3.18%) PL/SQL
15 98 (3.15%) Kotlin
16 95 (3.05%) Go
17 93 (2.99%) Scala
18 92 (2.95%) C++
19 87 (2.79%) Groovy
20 81 (2.60%) C
Qualifications
1 710 (22.80%) Degree
2 249 (8.00%) Computer Science Degree
3 116 (3.73%) Master's Degree
4 82 (2.63%) Security Cleared
5 65 (2.09%) Oracle Certification
6 63 (2.02%) SC Cleared
7 56 (1.80%) OCP
8 36 (1.16%) Microsoft Certification
9 24 (0.77%) PhD
10 18 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
11 15 (0.48%) AWS Certification
11 15 (0.48%) ISEB
12 14 (0.45%) DBS Check
13 10 (0.32%) ITIL Certification
13 10 (0.32%) PMP
14 9 (0.29%) ISTQB
15 6 (0.19%) CEH
15 6 (0.19%) CISA
15 6 (0.19%) DV Cleared
15 6 (0.19%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 290 (9.31%) QA
2 167 (5.36%) Data Quality
3 89 (2.86%) GDPR
4 46 (1.48%) Accessibility
5 24 (0.77%) SLA
6 21 (0.67%) PCI DSS
7 16 (0.51%) MiFID
8 15 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 14 (0.45%) EMIR
10 7 (0.22%) CDISC
10 7 (0.22%) Good Clinical Practice
11 6 (0.19%) NIST
11 6 (0.19%) PMO
12 4 (0.13%) FATCA
12 4 (0.13%) IFRS
13 3 (0.096%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 3 (0.096%) IEC 62304
13 3 (0.096%) ISO 13485
13 3 (0.096%) PSD2
13 3 (0.096%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 605 (19.43%) Docker
2 67 (2.15%) VMware Infrastructure
3 59 (1.89%) HDFS
4 21 (0.67%) Active Directory
5 18 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (0.096%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 3 (0.096%) Varnish
7 3 (0.096%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.064%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.032%) Firmware
9 1 (0.032%) NDS
9 1 (0.032%) Shibboleth
Systems Management
1 533 (17.12%) Kubernetes
2 244 (7.84%) Terraform
3 190 (6.10%) Ansible
4 85 (2.73%) Opscode Chef
5 64 (2.06%) Grafana
6 59 (1.89%) Puppet
7 45 (1.45%) Kibana
8 37 (1.19%) logstash
9 27 (0.87%) Docker Swarm
10 24 (0.77%) Apache Brooklyn
11 20 (0.64%) Data Guard
11 20 (0.64%) HAProxy
11 20 (0.64%) Opsgenie
11 20 (0.64%) Pingdom
11 20 (0.64%) ZABBIX
12 16 (0.51%) MIIS
12 16 (0.51%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 16 (0.51%) Oracle RMAN
13 14 (0.45%) Kubeflow
14 11 (0.35%) Oozie
Vendors
1 500 (16.06%) Oracle
2 443 (14.23%) Microsoft
3 222 (7.13%) Google
4 133 (4.27%) Salesforce.com
5 75 (2.41%) VMware
6 74 (2.38%) MuleSoft
7 63 (2.02%) Databricks
8 60 (1.93%) Informatica
9 53 (1.70%) Okta
10 49 (1.57%) ServiceNow
11 45 (1.45%) New Relic
12 41 (1.32%) Xamarin
13 37 (1.19%) Splunk
14 35 (1.12%) Red Hat
14 35 (1.12%) SAP
15 31 (1.00%) Sybase
16 30 (0.96%) Atlassian
17 29 (0.93%) Talend
18 28 (0.90%) IBM
19 23 (0.74%) Apple