Period
to 24 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 24 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 129 103 90
Rank change year-on-year -26 -13 +18
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 4,161 4,808 5,949
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.55% 2.87% 3.08%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.35% 9.64% 9.69%
Number of salaries quoted 3,180 3,903 4,881
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,981 £28,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 49,828 49,883 61,420
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 30.55% 29.83% 31.75%
Number of salaries quoted 41,752 43,080 52,408
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,250
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £30,500 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £48,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% +1.12%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 24 January 2018.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 24 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -33 1,902 £60,000 - 347
South East +27 879 £45,000 +0.28% 136
North of England -31 442 £42,500 +6.25% 103
East of England -18 396 £47,500 +3.26% 62
South West +17 289 £40,000 -5.88% 57
North West -30 252 £45,000 +5.88% 65
Midlands -59 246 £45,000 +12.50% 64
Yorkshire -43 159 £40,000 - 37
West Midlands -72 153 £42,500 +13.33% 37
East Midlands -30 93 £45,750 +4.57% 26
North East -12 25 £38,959 +1.89% 1
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 24 January 2018, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2,172 (52.20%) SQL
2 1,673 (40.21%) Agile Software Development
3 1,592 (38.26%) Java
4 1,408 (33.84%) RDBMS
5 1,371 (32.95%) SQL Server
6 1,274 (30.62%) JavaScript
7 1,141 (27.42%) Oracle
8 1,105 (26.56%) Finance
9 998 (23.98%) HTML
10 976 (23.46%) Degree
11 917 (22.04%) Linux
12 867 (20.84%) .NET
13 862 (20.72%) C#
14 778 (18.70%) CSS
15 774 (18.60%) Python
16 742 (17.83%) OO
17 702 (16.87%) Microsoft
18 662 (15.91%) MySQL
19 633 (15.21%) TDD
20 621 (14.92%) Software Engineering
21 600 (14.42%) Scrum
22 585 (14.06%) Web Services
22 585 (14.06%) Computer Science
23 580 (13.94%) Git (software)
24 573 (13.77%) MVC
25 567 (13.63%) NoSQL
26 564 (13.55%) Amazon AWS
27 559 (13.43%) XML
28 533 (12.81%) Business Intelligence
29 530 (12.74%) Spring

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 269 (6.46%) Apache Spark
2 183 (4.40%) Apache
3 149 (3.58%) Elasticsearch
4 143 (3.44%) Tomcat
5 119 (2.86%) WebSphere
6 110 (2.64%) WebLogic
7 95 (2.28%) Confluence
8 94 (2.26%) JBoss
9 84 (2.02%) SAS
10 68 (1.63%) SharePoint
11 66 (1.59%) CMS
12 61 (1.47%) IIS
13 51 (1.23%) Apache Pig
14 46 (1.11%) nginx
15 45 (1.08%) OpenStack
15 45 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 43 (1.03%) Apache Solr
17 21 (0.50%) Apache Airflow
18 20 (0.48%) Mule
18 20 (0.48%) WildFly
Applications
1 159 (3.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 90 (2.16%) Microsoft Office
3 62 (1.49%) MS Visio
4 39 (0.94%) SPSS
5 22 (0.53%) Spreadsheet
6 17 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 7 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
7 7 (0.17%) Weka
8 6 (0.14%) GNU Octave
9 5 (0.12%) HipChat
10 3 (0.072%) Doxygen
10 3 (0.072%) InfoPath
10 3 (0.072%) SPSS Modeler
11 2 (0.048%) S-PLUS
11 2 (0.048%) Stata
12 1 (0.024%) Acrobat
12 1 (0.024%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 31 (0.75%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.53%) Magento
2 22 (0.53%) Oracle EBS
3 18 (0.43%) Oracle Applications
4 16 (0.38%) Dynamics AX
5 14 (0.34%) Adobe Campaign
5 14 (0.34%) MultiChain
5 14 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
6 13 (0.31%) MetaTrader
7 12 (0.29%) Cognos TM1
7 12 (0.29%) Infor SunSystems
8 11 (0.26%) Oracle 11i
8 11 (0.26%) Relativity
9 10 (0.24%) Concordance
9 10 (0.24%) Ringtail
10 7 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
11 5 (0.12%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 5 (0.12%) Infor M3
11 5 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
11 5 (0.12%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 564 (13.55%) Amazon AWS
2 339 (8.15%) Microsoft Azure
3 161 (3.87%) SaaS
4 112 (2.69%) GitHub
5 98 (2.36%) Cloud Computing
6 73 (1.75%) Google Cloud Platform
6 73 (1.75%) IaaS
7 58 (1.39%) Serverless
8 56 (1.35%) PaaS
9 28 (0.67%) Amazon S3
9 28 (0.67%) Office 365
10 27 (0.65%) npm
11 26 (0.62%) AWS Lambda
12 17 (0.41%) Amazon EC2
13 15 (0.36%) AWS CloudFormation
14 14 (0.34%) OpenShift
15 13 (0.31%) Amazon EMR
15 13 (0.31%) Dynamics 365
16 12 (0.29%) Azure Machine Learning
17 11 (0.26%) Bluemix
Communications & Networking
1 189 (4.54%) HTTP
2 87 (2.09%) Internet
3 62 (1.49%) SSL
4 60 (1.44%) TCP/IP
5 45 (1.08%) DNS
6 27 (0.65%) VPN
7 25 (0.60%) Firewall
7 25 (0.60%) Intranet
8 19 (0.46%) SSH
9 15 (0.36%) SAN
10 14 (0.34%) FTP
10 14 (0.34%) LAN
11 13 (0.31%) DHCP
12 11 (0.26%) AMQP
12 11 (0.26%) PuTTY
12 11 (0.26%) SMTP
13 10 (0.24%) HTTPS
13 10 (0.24%) Network Security
13 10 (0.24%) WAN
14 9 (0.22%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,408 (33.84%) RDBMS
2 1,371 (32.95%) SQL Server
3 662 (15.91%) MySQL
4 567 (13.63%) NoSQL
5 466 (11.20%) Big Data
6 414 (9.95%) PostgreSQL
7 388 (9.32%) Data Warehouse
8 375 (9.01%) Hadoop
9 343 (8.24%) Oracle Database
10 309 (7.43%) MongoDB
11 306 (7.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 254 (6.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 192 (4.61%) Apache Cassandra
14 140 (3.36%) Apache Hive
15 139 (3.34%) BusinessObjects
16 129 (3.10%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 128 (3.08%) Power BI
18 114 (2.74%) Redis
19 106 (2.55%) SQL Server 2008
20 86 (2.07%) DB2
Development Applications
1 580 (13.94%) Git (software)
2 388 (9.32%) Jenkins
3 246 (5.91%) JIRA
4 236 (5.67%) Maven
5 212 (5.09%) Subversion
6 151 (3.63%) JUnit
7 148 (3.56%) Visual Studio
8 130 (3.12%) Team Foundation Server
9 125 (3.00%) Cucumber
10 116 (2.79%) Selenium
11 83 (1.99%) TeamCity
12 69 (1.66%) Ant
13 63 (1.51%) Gradle
14 55 (1.32%) Mercurial
15 54 (1.30%) Eclipse
15 54 (1.30%) Vagrant
16 51 (1.23%) Bitbucket
16 51 (1.23%) Grunt
17 49 (1.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 47 (1.13%) Mockito
General
1 1,105 (26.56%) Finance
2 351 (8.44%) Banking
3 206 (4.95%) Retail
4 174 (4.18%) Investment Banking
5 142 (3.41%) Front Office
6 133 (3.20%) Marketing
7 118 (2.84%) Retail Banking
8 92 (2.21%) Telecoms
9 89 (2.14%) Financial Institution
9 89 (2.14%) Games
10 82 (1.97%) Publishing
11 73 (1.75%) Advertising
12 62 (1.49%) Legal
13 53 (1.27%) Manufacturing
14 49 (1.18%) Back Office
15 40 (0.96%) Law
16 39 (0.94%) Pharmaceutical
17 35 (0.84%) Automotive
17 35 (0.84%) Electronics
18 33 (0.79%) French Language
Job Titles
1 2,141 (51.45%) Developer
2 590 (14.18%) Java Developer
3 400 (9.61%) Senior Developer
4 358 (8.60%) Analyst
5 339 (8.15%) .NET Developer
6 337 (8.10%) C# Developer
7 285 (6.85%) Software Developer
8 272 (6.54%) Software Engineer
9 242 (5.82%) Architect
10 234 (5.62%) SQL Developer
11 203 (4.88%) DBA
11 203 (4.88%) Full Stack Developer
12 197 (4.73%) C# .NET Developer
13 170 (4.09%) Consultant
14 147 (3.53%) Applications Support
15 145 (3.48%) Web Developer
16 140 (3.36%) Java Engineer
16 140 (3.36%) PHP Developer
16 140 (3.36%) Senior Java Developer
17 133 (3.20%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 998 (23.98%) HTML
2 867 (20.84%) .NET
3 778 (18.70%) CSS
4 585 (14.06%) Web Services
5 559 (13.43%) XML
6 530 (12.74%) Spring
7 508 (12.21%) AngularJS
8 464 (11.15%) jQuery
9 426 (10.24%) HTML5
10 403 (9.69%) REST
11 373 (8.96%) ASP.NET
12 326 (7.83%) RESTful
13 294 (7.07%) JSON
14 282 (6.78%) Node.js
15 258 (6.20%) J2EE
16 256 (6.15%) Hibernate
17 254 (6.10%) CSS3
18 238 (5.72%) Java EE
19 214 (5.14%) React
20 213 (5.12%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 585 (14.06%) Computer Science
2 524 (12.59%) Analytical Skills
3 216 (5.19%) Fintech
4 192 (4.61%) Algorithms
5 176 (4.23%) Enterprise Software
6 171 (4.11%) Data Structures
7 140 (3.36%) Management Information System
8 139 (3.34%) User Experience
9 128 (3.08%) Greenfield Project
10 108 (2.60%) Client/Server
10 108 (2.60%) Mobile App
11 76 (1.83%) Linux Command Line
12 69 (1.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 66 (1.59%) Data Centre
14 59 (1.42%) Fixed Income
15 56 (1.35%) Replication
16 52 (1.25%) Equities
17 49 (1.18%) Life Science
18 47 (1.13%) Clustering
19 46 (1.11%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 917 (22.04%) Linux
2 529 (12.71%) Unix
3 412 (9.90%) Windows
4 85 (2.04%) Windows Server
5 81 (1.95%) Android
6 78 (1.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 72 (1.73%) Solaris
8 63 (1.51%) Apple iOS
9 41 (0.99%) Windows Server 2008
10 29 (0.70%) Debian
11 24 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
12 21 (0.50%) AIX
13 20 (0.48%) VMS
14 19 (0.46%) Mac OS X
15 16 (0.38%) Ubuntu
16 14 (0.34%) Windows 10
16 14 (0.34%) Windows 7
17 12 (0.29%) CentOS
17 12 (0.29%) Mac OS
18 11 (0.26%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,673 (40.21%) Agile Software Development
2 742 (17.83%) OO
3 633 (15.21%) TDD
4 621 (14.92%) Software Engineering
5 600 (14.42%) Scrum
6 573 (13.77%) MVC
7 533 (12.81%) Business Intelligence
8 502 (12.06%) SDLC
9 475 (11.42%) Test Automation
10 441 (10.60%) DevOps
11 425 (10.21%) Continuous Integration
12 417 (10.02%) Analytics
13 384 (9.23%) Web Development
14 378 (9.08%) Data Modelling
15 372 (8.94%) ETL
16 359 (8.63%) BDD
17 353 (8.48%) Microservices
18 308 (7.40%) Open Source
19 261 (6.27%) Mentoring
20 258 (6.20%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,172 (52.20%) SQL
2 1,592 (38.26%) Java
3 1,274 (30.62%) JavaScript
4 862 (20.72%) C#
5 774 (18.60%) Python
6 416 (10.00%) T-SQL
7 314 (7.55%) PHP
8 275 (6.61%) C++
9 247 (5.94%) Scala
10 193 (4.64%) PL/SQL
11 192 (4.61%) Ruby
12 180 (4.33%) C
13 164 (3.94%) Shell Script
14 154 (3.70%) Perl
15 139 (3.34%) Bash Shell
16 100 (2.40%) VB.NET
17 97 (2.33%) Go
17 97 (2.33%) PowerShell
18 92 (2.21%) R
19 86 (2.07%) VB
Qualifications
1 976 (23.46%) Degree
2 288 (6.92%) Computer Science Degree
3 104 (2.50%) Security Cleared
4 93 (2.24%) Master's Degree
5 44 (1.06%) Numerate Degree
6 40 (0.96%) SC Cleared
7 36 (0.87%) Microsoft Certification
8 35 (0.84%) DV Cleared
9 28 (0.67%) PhD
10 25 (0.60%) ISTQB
11 24 (0.58%) Oracle Certification
12 23 (0.55%) OCP
13 18 (0.43%) ISEB
14 13 (0.31%) HND
15 12 (0.29%) MCTS
16 11 (0.26%) MBA
17 10 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
17 10 (0.24%) MCSD
18 8 (0.19%) Sun Certification
19 7 (0.17%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 282 (6.78%) QA
2 91 (2.19%) Data Quality
3 38 (0.91%) SLA
4 20 (0.48%) GDPR
5 18 (0.43%) PCI DSS
6 14 (0.34%) GCP
7 12 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 8 (0.19%) COBIT
9 7 (0.17%) PMO
10 6 (0.14%) SEPA
11 4 (0.096%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 4 (0.096%) Disclosure Scotland
11 4 (0.096%) Solvency II
12 3 (0.072%) Actionable Recommendations
12 3 (0.072%) GAAP
12 3 (0.072%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 2 (0.048%) HL7
13 2 (0.048%) WAI
14 1 (0.024%) DICOM
14 1 (0.024%) GxP
System Software
1 338 (8.12%) Docker
2 96 (2.31%) Active Directory
3 66 (1.59%) Oracle RAC
4 58 (1.39%) HDFS
5 50 (1.20%) VMware Infrastructure
6 31 (0.75%) Apache Flume
7 26 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
8 20 (0.48%) Hyper-V
9 19 (0.46%) VirtualBox
10 10 (0.24%) Xen
11 9 (0.22%) KVM
12 8 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
13 6 (0.14%) vSphere
14 5 (0.12%) vCloud
14 5 (0.12%) VMware NSX
15 4 (0.096%) iptables
15 4 (0.096%) Veritas Cluster Server
16 3 (0.072%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 3 (0.072%) LXC
16 3 (0.072%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 165 (3.97%) Ansible
2 145 (3.48%) Puppet
3 116 (2.79%) Opscode Chef
4 92 (2.21%) Kubernetes
5 48 (1.15%) Data Guard
6 40 (0.96%) Oracle RMAN
7 35 (0.84%) Oozie
8 32 (0.77%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 30 (0.72%) Terraform
10 26 (0.62%) Mesos
11 21 (0.50%) Kibana
12 20 (0.48%) Salt
13 19 (0.46%) Nagios
14 18 (0.43%) Hadoop YARN
15 16 (0.38%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
16 15 (0.36%) ZABBIX
17 14 (0.34%) Marathon
18 12 (0.29%) Control-M
19 11 (0.26%) Packer
20 9 (0.22%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 1,141 (27.42%) Oracle
2 702 (16.87%) Microsoft
3 134 (3.22%) Tableau
4 121 (2.91%) SAP
5 108 (2.60%) Google
6 72 (1.73%) Red Hat
6 72 (1.73%) Sybase
7 67 (1.61%) MicroStrategy
8 66 (1.59%) IBM
9 63 (1.51%) Splunk
9 63 (1.51%) VMware
10 59 (1.42%) Informatica
11 49 (1.18%) Cloudera
12 48 (1.15%) TIBCO
13 43 (1.03%) Teradata
14 38 (0.91%) Talend
15 37 (0.89%) Salesforce.com
16 35 (0.84%) Xamarin
17 34 (0.82%) Cognos
17 34 (0.82%) Hortonworks