Period
to 18 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 18 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
18 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 130 136 126
Rank change year-on-year +6 -10 +7
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 1,385 2,915 3,828
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.45% 2.51% 2.72%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.88% 9.29% 9.47%
Number of salaries quoted 1,383 2,366 3,322
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,428 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £92,500 £83,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 15,591 31,362 40,442
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 27.59% 27.04% 28.72%
Number of salaries quoted 13,193 26,207 33,827
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,123 £31,250
90th Percentile £88,750 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +9.38%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 18 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -9 626 £70,000 - 143
South East +19 232 £55,000 +14.58% 33
North of England -31 164 £45,000 -5.26% 41
South West +45 146 £47,500 +11.76% 25
Midlands +28 115 £45,000 - 22
North West +5 94 £45,000 - 23
East of England +7 89 £60,000 +20.00% 25
West Midlands -10 58 £49,250 +9.44% 14
East Midlands +67 57 £37,500 -16.67% 8
Yorkshire -33 57 £42,500 -10.53% 12
North East -3 13 £49,359 +29.04% 6
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 18 January 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 647 (46.71%) SQL
2 604 (43.61%) Agile Software Development
3 488 (35.23%) JavaScript
4 411 (29.68%) AWS
5 404 (29.17%) Python
6 380 (27.44%) Java
7 374 (27.00%) Finance
8 358 (25.85%) SQL Server
9 326 (23.54%) DevOps
10 304 (21.95%) HTML
11 298 (21.52%) Git (software)
12 296 (21.37%) C#
13 293 (21.16%) Azure
14 288 (20.79%) Degree
15 280 (20.22%) MySQL
16 277 (20.00%) Microservices
17 275 (19.86%) .NET
18 265 (19.13%) CSS
19 262 (18.92%) RDBMS
20 244 (17.62%) PostgreSQL
21 242 (17.47%) Business Intelligence
21 242 (17.47%) Software Engineering
22 238 (17.18%) Docker
22 238 (17.18%) Analytics
23 223 (16.10%) TDD
24 221 (15.96%) NoSQL
25 211 (15.23%) Problem-Solving
26 208 (15.02%) Linux
26 208 (15.02%) Scrum
27 203 (14.66%) Node.js

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (4.40%) Apache Spark
2 39 (2.82%) Elasticsearch
3 32 (2.31%) Apache
4 25 (1.81%) Confluence
5 20 (1.44%) OpenStack
6 15 (1.08%) Apache Airflow
6 15 (1.08%) IIS
7 11 (0.79%) Luigi
7 11 (0.79%) WebSphere
7 11 (0.79%) WordPress
8 10 (0.72%) CMS
8 10 (0.72%) SAS
9 9 (0.65%) Exchange Server 2010
9 9 (0.65%) MS Exchange
9 9 (0.65%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.51%) Drupal
11 6 (0.43%) Oracle Workflow
11 6 (0.43%) SharePoint
11 6 (0.43%) Tornado
12 5 (0.36%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 29 (2.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (1.01%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.36%) Photoshop
4 3 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.14%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.14%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.072%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.072%) Weka
Business Applications
1 12 (0.87%) Shopify
2 9 (0.65%) Magento
2 9 (0.65%) Oracle BPM
3 8 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.29%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
4 4 (0.29%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.22%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 3 (0.22%) HFM
5 3 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
5 3 (0.22%) Oracle Assets
5 3 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
5 3 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.22%) Oracle General Ledger
5 3 (0.22%) Oracle Payables
5 3 (0.22%) SAP IS-U
6 2 (0.14%) JDE EnterpriseOne
6 2 (0.14%) Odoo
6 2 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
7 1 (0.072%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.072%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 411 (29.68%) AWS
2 293 (21.16%) Azure
3 114 (8.23%) Power Platform
4 86 (6.21%) Serverless
5 78 (5.63%) GCP
6 64 (4.62%) SaaS
7 48 (3.47%) Cloud Computing
8 41 (2.96%) GitHub
9 38 (2.74%) Amazon ECS
10 35 (2.53%) Amazon Kinesis
11 30 (2.17%) AWS Lambda
12 27 (1.95%) PaaS
13 25 (1.81%) OpenShift
14 23 (1.66%) Amazon SQS
15 22 (1.59%) Amazon S3
16 21 (1.52%) Amazon EC2
17 19 (1.37%) Amazon EKS
17 19 (1.37%) Azure Data Factory
17 19 (1.37%) IaaS
18 17 (1.23%) AWS CodeBuild
Communications & Networking
1 37 (2.67%) HTTP
2 22 (1.59%) Firewall
3 19 (1.37%) TCP/IP
4 17 (1.23%) DNS
5 13 (0.94%) Internet
6 12 (0.87%) AMQP
6 12 (0.87%) DHCP
7 11 (0.79%) VPN
8 10 (0.72%) SAN
9 9 (0.65%) Network Security
9 9 (0.65%) Unified Communications
9 9 (0.65%) VoIP
10 6 (0.43%) Kerberos
10 6 (0.43%) LAN
10 6 (0.43%) SNMP
10 6 (0.43%) WAN
11 5 (0.36%) SSH
12 4 (0.29%) FTP
12 4 (0.29%) ICMP
13 3 (0.22%) 802.11
Database & Business Intelligence
1 358 (25.85%) SQL Server
2 280 (20.22%) MySQL
3 262 (18.92%) RDBMS
4 244 (17.62%) PostgreSQL
5 221 (15.96%) NoSQL
6 138 (9.96%) Data Warehouse
7 112 (8.09%) Power BI
8 98 (7.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 97 (7.00%) MongoDB
10 92 (6.64%) Big Data
11 84 (6.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 61 (4.40%) Redis
13 60 (4.33%) Tableau
14 56 (4.04%) Hadoop
15 45 (3.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 41 (2.96%) Amazon Redshift
17 40 (2.89%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 37 (2.67%) Data Lake
19 27 (1.95%) Apache Cassandra
20 25 (1.81%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 298 (21.52%) Git (software)
2 92 (6.64%) Jenkins
3 63 (4.55%) JIRA
4 36 (2.60%) Maven
5 34 (2.45%) Visual Studio
6 32 (2.31%) Selenium
7 25 (1.81%) JUnit
8 21 (1.52%) Subversion
8 21 (1.52%) Team Foundation Server
9 20 (1.44%) Gradle
10 18 (1.30%) Flyway
11 16 (1.16%) CircleCI
12 13 (0.94%) RSpec
12 13 (0.94%) TeamCity
12 13 (0.94%) webpack
13 11 (0.79%) Bitbucket
14 10 (0.72%) GitLab
14 10 (0.72%) Oracle Forms
15 9 (0.65%) Cypress.io
16 8 (0.58%) Mocha
General
1 374 (27.00%) Finance
2 106 (7.65%) Marketing
3 67 (4.84%) Public Sector
4 64 (4.62%) Banking
5 49 (3.54%) Retail
6 38 (2.74%) Games
7 25 (1.81%) Legal
7 25 (1.81%) Telecoms
8 24 (1.73%) Front Office
9 21 (1.52%) Financial Institution
9 21 (1.52%) Manufacturing
10 14 (1.01%) Electronics
11 12 (0.87%) Law
11 12 (0.87%) Publishing
12 10 (0.72%) Automotive
13 9 (0.65%) Back Office
14 7 (0.51%) Advertising
15 6 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
16 5 (0.36%) French Language
17 4 (0.29%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 785 (56.68%) Developer
2 152 (10.97%) Java Developer
3 147 (10.61%) Senior Developer
4 136 (9.82%) Full Stack Developer
5 110 (7.94%) C# Developer
6 102 (7.36%) .NET Developer
7 100 (7.22%) Software Engineer
8 90 (6.50%) Data Engineer
9 89 (6.43%) Analyst
10 81 (5.85%) Python Developer
11 68 (4.91%) Architect
12 62 (4.48%) C# .NET Developer
13 57 (4.12%) Python Engineer
13 57 (4.12%) Software Developer
14 54 (3.90%) JavaScript Developer
15 52 (3.75%) PHP Developer
16 48 (3.47%) DBA
17 46 (3.32%) React Developer
18 42 (3.03%) Business Intelligence Developer
19 41 (2.96%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 304 (21.95%) HTML
2 275 (19.86%) .NET
3 265 (19.13%) CSS
4 203 (14.66%) Node.js
5 195 (14.08%) RESTful
6 186 (13.43%) AngularJS
7 158 (11.41%) Web Services
8 157 (11.34%) Spring
9 154 (11.12%) React
10 148 (10.69%) REST
11 118 (8.52%) ASP.NET
12 108 (7.80%) Vue.js
13 101 (7.29%) JSON
14 99 (7.15%) .NET Core
15 92 (6.64%) Spring Boot
16 91 (6.57%) .NET Framework
17 86 (6.21%) Kafka
18 75 (5.42%) HTML5
19 66 (4.77%) Twitter Bootstrap
20 64 (4.62%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 197 (14.22%) Analytical Skills
2 91 (6.57%) Greenfield Project
2 91 (6.57%) User Experience
3 56 (4.04%) Data Structures
4 54 (3.90%) Virtual Team
5 49 (3.54%) Self-Motivation
6 48 (3.47%) Mobile App
7 44 (3.18%) Enterprise Software
8 40 (2.89%) Cloud Native
9 29 (2.09%) N-Tier
10 26 (1.88%) Management Information System
11 25 (1.81%) Hedge funds
12 23 (1.66%) Linux Command Line
13 21 (1.52%) Algorithms
14 20 (1.44%) Driving Licence
14 20 (1.44%) Fixed Income
14 20 (1.44%) Private Cloud
15 19 (1.37%) NHS
16 18 (1.30%) Reference Data
16 18 (1.30%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 208 (15.02%) Linux
2 90 (6.50%) Windows
3 46 (3.32%) Unix
4 27 (1.95%) Windows Server
5 19 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 11 (0.79%) CentOS
7 7 (0.51%) Amazon Linux
7 7 (0.51%) Android
7 7 (0.51%) Apple iOS
8 6 (0.43%) VMS
8 6 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
9 5 (0.36%) Mac OS
10 4 (0.29%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.29%) Windows 7
11 3 (0.22%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.072%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.072%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 604 (43.61%) Agile Software Development
2 326 (23.54%) DevOps
3 277 (20.00%) Microservices
4 242 (17.47%) Business Intelligence
4 242 (17.47%) Software Engineering
5 238 (17.18%) Analytics
6 223 (16.10%) TDD
7 211 (15.23%) Problem-Solving
8 208 (15.02%) Scrum
9 191 (13.79%) OO
10 166 (11.99%) Computer Science
11 162 (11.70%) Data Modelling
12 157 (11.34%) ETL
13 142 (10.25%) Test Automation
14 131 (9.46%) Continuous Integration
15 124 (8.95%) Mentoring
16 122 (8.81%) Web Development
17 120 (8.66%) MVC
18 115 (8.30%) Unit Testing
19 111 (8.01%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 647 (46.71%) SQL
2 488 (35.23%) JavaScript
3 404 (29.17%) Python
4 380 (27.44%) Java
5 296 (21.37%) C#
6 111 (8.01%) PHP
7 103 (7.44%) T-SQL
8 84 (6.06%) TypeScript
9 76 (5.49%) C++
10 71 (5.13%) Scala
11 67 (4.84%) Java 8
12 54 (3.90%) R
13 43 (3.10%) Go
14 34 (2.45%) Shell Script
15 30 (2.17%) Ruby
16 24 (1.73%) Kotlin
17 22 (1.59%) Perl
18 21 (1.52%) PowerShell
19 20 (1.44%) Bash Shell
20 17 (1.23%) C
Qualifications
1 288 (20.79%) Degree
2 91 (6.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 78 (5.63%) Security Cleared
4 30 (2.17%) SC Cleared
5 26 (1.88%) Numerate Degree
6 11 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
7 10 (0.72%) HND
8 9 (0.65%) CCNA
8 9 (0.65%) Cisco Certification
8 9 (0.65%) MCP
8 9 (0.65%) Microsoft Certified Architect
8 9 (0.65%) SSCP
9 8 (0.58%) CTC Cleared
10 7 (0.51%) PhD
11 6 (0.43%) HNC
11 6 (0.43%) ISTQB
11 6 (0.43%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.36%) DV Cleared
12 5 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 4 (0.29%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 124 (8.95%) QA
2 46 (3.32%) Data Quality
3 36 (2.60%) GDPR
4 5 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.29%) IFRS
5 4 (0.29%) ISO 9001
6 3 (0.22%) CDISC
6 3 (0.22%) Good Clinical Practice
7 2 (0.14%) NCSC
7 2 (0.14%) NIST
7 2 (0.14%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.14%) SLA
8 1 (0.072%) MiFID
System Software
1 238 (17.18%) Docker
2 20 (1.44%) Hyper-V
3 18 (1.30%) Active Directory
4 10 (0.72%) HDFS
5 9 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.29%) Apache Flume
6 4 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.072%) Lustre
7 1 (0.072%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 169 (12.20%) Kubernetes
2 83 (5.99%) Ansible
3 72 (5.20%) Terraform
4 25 (1.81%) Puppet
5 14 (1.01%) Opscode Chef
6 11 (0.79%) Hadoop YARN
7 6 (0.43%) Nagios
7 6 (0.43%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 5 (0.36%) Oozie
8 5 (0.36%) Prometheus
9 4 (0.29%) Consul
9 4 (0.29%) NetBackup
9 4 (0.29%) Oracle RMAN
9 4 (0.29%) Packer
9 4 (0.29%) Proxmox
9 4 (0.29%) SCOrch
9 4 (0.29%) systemd
9 4 (0.29%) Zipkin
10 3 (0.22%) Control-M
10 3 (0.22%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 179 (12.92%) Microsoft
2 146 (10.54%) Oracle
3 73 (5.27%) Google
4 62 (4.48%) Salesforce.com
5 40 (2.89%) Red Hat
6 24 (1.73%) SAP
7 21 (1.52%) Splunk
7 21 (1.52%) Sybase
8 20 (1.44%) Cognos
9 18 (1.30%) Databricks
9 18 (1.30%) VMware
10 17 (1.23%) Zend
11 16 (1.16%) IBM
11 16 (1.16%) Talend
12 12 (0.87%) WSO2
13 11 (0.79%) Cisco
13 11 (0.79%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
14 10 (0.72%) Pega
15 9 (0.65%) Informatica
15 9 (0.65%) Xero