Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 134 142 142
Rank change year-on-year +8 0 -8
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 1,854 2,484 3,569
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.47% 2.45% 2.59%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.30% 9.11% 9.18%
Number of salaries quoted 1,386 1,940 2,860
10th Percentile £35,428 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £53,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +7.48% +7.00%
75th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 19,939 27,279 38,898
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 26.56% 26.89% 28.25%
Number of salaries quoted 16,258 22,678 32,388
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £54,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +1.85% +2.86% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £71,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +18 1,019 £72,500 +7.41% 140
South East -19 285 £55,000 +10.00% 40
North of England -40 179 £47,500 +5.56% 69
South West +18 131 £45,000 +12.50% 31
Midlands -10 114 £42,500 -5.56% 36
North West -31 98 £50,000 +11.11% 34
East of England +8 93 £55,000 - 12
Yorkshire -11 69 £45,000 -5.26% 29
West Midlands -41 66 £45,000 - 26
East Midlands +26 46 £41,250 -8.33% 10
North East -9 12 £36,583 +0.23% 6
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 934 (50.38%) SQL
2 868 (46.82%) Agile Software Development
3 620 (33.44%) AWS
4 602 (32.47%) Python
5 598 (32.25%) Java
6 559 (30.15%) JavaScript
7 553 (29.83%) Finance
8 516 (27.83%) SQL Server
9 466 (25.13%) Microservices
10 455 (24.54%) Software Engineering
11 419 (22.60%) Git (software)
12 416 (22.44%) RDBMS
13 403 (21.74%) MySQL
14 399 (21.52%) Azure
15 398 (21.47%) PostgreSQL
16 393 (21.20%) DevOps
17 364 (19.63%) C#
18 346 (18.66%) HTML
19 341 (18.39%) Degree
20 339 (18.28%) Docker
21 314 (16.94%) Linux
22 313 (16.88%) .NET
23 307 (16.56%) Scrum
24 305 (16.45%) TDD
24 305 (16.45%) NoSQL
25 297 (16.02%) CSS
26 293 (15.80%) Business Intelligence
26 293 (15.80%) RESTful
27 288 (15.53%) Web Services
28 283 (15.26%) AngularJS

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (4.26%) Apache Spark
2 69 (3.72%) Elasticsearch
3 49 (2.64%) Apache
3 49 (2.64%) Confluence
4 21 (1.13%) Apache Airflow
5 20 (1.08%) CMS
5 20 (1.08%) Tomcat
6 17 (0.92%) IIS
6 17 (0.92%) Luigi
7 15 (0.81%) OpenStack
7 15 (0.81%) WebSphere
8 13 (0.70%) SAS
9 12 (0.65%) Oracle Workflow
10 11 (0.59%) nginx
11 10 (0.54%) JBoss
12 9 (0.49%) GemFire
13 7 (0.38%) Apache Solr
13 7 (0.38%) SharePoint
13 7 (0.38%) Tornado
13 7 (0.38%) WordPress
Applications
1 37 (2.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (1.19%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
4 3 (0.16%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.11%) GIMP
5 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.054%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.054%) Weka
Business Applications
1 17 (0.92%) Shopify
2 12 (0.65%) Magento
3 10 (0.54%) Dynamics CRM
4 7 (0.38%) NetSuite
4 7 (0.38%) Remedy ITSM
5 6 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
6 5 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
7 4 (0.22%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 3 (0.16%) HFM
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle Assets
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle General Ledger
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 2 (0.11%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 2 (0.11%) iTrent
9 2 (0.11%) Odoo
9 2 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 620 (33.44%) AWS
2 399 (21.52%) Azure
3 175 (9.44%) Power Platform
4 170 (9.17%) Serverless
5 119 (6.42%) SaaS
6 117 (6.31%) GCP
7 105 (5.66%) Amazon EC2
8 94 (5.07%) Amazon ECS
9 89 (4.80%) AWS Lambda
10 64 (3.45%) GitHub
11 60 (3.24%) Amazon Kinesis
12 55 (2.97%) Cloud Computing
13 43 (2.32%) PaaS
14 41 (2.21%) Amazon SQS
15 34 (1.83%) Azure Data Factory
16 30 (1.62%) Amazon EKS
16 30 (1.62%) Amazon S3
17 28 (1.51%) Amazon Alexa
18 25 (1.35%) AWS CodeBuild
19 24 (1.29%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 54 (2.91%) HTTP
2 24 (1.29%) Firewall
3 20 (1.08%) Internet
4 16 (0.86%) TCP/IP
5 12 (0.65%) DNS
6 10 (0.54%) VPN
7 9 (0.49%) DHCP
8 7 (0.38%) AMQP
8 7 (0.38%) SNMP
9 6 (0.32%) Network Security
9 6 (0.32%) SAN
10 5 (0.27%) Unified Communications
11 4 (0.22%) DSL
11 4 (0.22%) FTP
11 4 (0.22%) LAN
11 4 (0.22%) SSH
11 4 (0.22%) VoIP
11 4 (0.22%) WAN
12 3 (0.16%) 802.11
12 3 (0.16%) ICMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 516 (27.83%) SQL Server
2 416 (22.44%) RDBMS
3 403 (21.74%) MySQL
4 398 (21.47%) PostgreSQL
5 305 (16.45%) NoSQL
6 208 (11.22%) Data Warehouse
7 170 (9.17%) Power BI
8 141 (7.61%) MongoDB
8 141 (7.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 125 (6.74%) Big Data
10 124 (6.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 85 (4.58%) Tableau
12 78 (4.21%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 75 (4.05%) Hadoop
14 72 (3.88%) Redis
15 65 (3.51%) Amazon Aurora
16 63 (3.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 55 (2.97%) Amazon Redshift
18 54 (2.91%) Data Lake
19 42 (2.27%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 419 (22.60%) Git (software)
2 155 (8.36%) Jenkins
3 115 (6.20%) JIRA
4 49 (2.64%) Maven
5 44 (2.37%) TeamCity
6 43 (2.32%) Visual Studio
7 39 (2.10%) Cucumber
8 34 (1.83%) Octopus Deploy
8 34 (1.83%) Selenium
9 32 (1.73%) Gradle
9 32 (1.73%) JUnit
10 29 (1.56%) webpack
11 27 (1.46%) Bitbucket
12 26 (1.40%) GitLab
13 22 (1.19%) Subversion
14 20 (1.08%) Cypress.io
15 19 (1.02%) Team Foundation Server
16 17 (0.92%) gulp
16 17 (0.92%) IntelliJ
17 16 (0.86%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 553 (29.83%) Finance
2 159 (8.58%) Banking
3 125 (6.74%) Marketing
4 85 (4.58%) Retail
5 74 (3.99%) Public Sector
6 61 (3.29%) Games
7 52 (2.80%) Front Office
8 40 (2.16%) Legal
9 35 (1.89%) Law
10 28 (1.51%) Financial Institution
11 26 (1.40%) Advertising
12 23 (1.24%) Telecoms
13 22 (1.19%) Back Office
13 22 (1.19%) Investment Banking
13 22 (1.19%) Publishing
14 19 (1.02%) Manufacturing
15 18 (0.97%) Automotive
16 13 (0.70%) Electronics
17 12 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
18 6 (0.32%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 970 (52.32%) Developer
2 241 (13.00%) Software Engineer
3 218 (11.76%) Java Developer
4 164 (8.85%) Senior Developer
5 141 (7.61%) Full Stack Developer
6 122 (6.58%) Analyst
7 115 (6.20%) Python Developer
8 103 (5.56%) Data Engineer
9 96 (5.18%) Architect
10 94 (5.07%) AWS Engineer
11 93 (5.02%) C# Developer
12 92 (4.96%) Software Developer
13 84 (4.53%) AWS Developer
14 80 (4.31%) .NET Developer
15 78 (4.21%) Java Engineer
16 73 (3.94%) Python Engineer
17 72 (3.88%) Programmer
18 61 (3.29%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 61 (3.29%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 61 (3.29%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 346 (18.66%) HTML
2 313 (16.88%) .NET
3 297 (16.02%) CSS
4 293 (15.80%) RESTful
5 288 (15.53%) Web Services
6 283 (15.26%) AngularJS
7 271 (14.62%) REST
8 264 (14.24%) React
9 242 (13.05%) Spring
10 235 (12.68%) Node.js
11 145 (7.82%) Kafka
12 141 (7.61%) JSON
13 133 (7.17%) Spring Boot
14 131 (7.07%) Vue.js
15 128 (6.90%) XML
16 124 (6.69%) HTML5
17 117 (6.31%) .NET Framework
18 102 (5.50%) .NET Core
18 102 (5.50%) ASP.NET
19 81 (4.37%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 227 (12.24%) Analytical Skills
2 103 (5.56%) Data Structures
3 87 (4.69%) User Experience
4 85 (4.58%) Greenfield Project
5 83 (4.48%) Hedge funds
5 83 (4.48%) Mobile App
6 72 (3.88%) Enterprise Software
7 69 (3.72%) Virtual Team
8 63 (3.40%) Self-Motivation
9 56 (3.02%) Pricing Data
10 47 (2.54%) Management Information System
11 46 (2.48%) Cloud Native
12 42 (2.27%) Fixed Income
13 38 (2.05%) Algorithms
14 36 (1.94%) Blog
15 32 (1.73%) Linux Command Line
16 30 (1.62%) N-Tier
17 29 (1.56%) Clustering
18 25 (1.35%) Derivative
18 25 (1.35%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 314 (16.94%) Linux
2 110 (5.93%) Windows
3 105 (5.66%) Unix
4 33 (1.78%) Windows Server
5 21 (1.13%) Android
6 16 (0.86%) Apple iOS
6 16 (0.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 12 (0.65%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.49%) CentOS
9 8 (0.43%) Solaris
10 4 (0.22%) Mac OS X
10 4 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.16%) Oracle Linux
12 2 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
12 2 (0.11%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.11%) tvOS
12 2 (0.11%) VMS
12 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.054%) Alpine Linux
13 1 (0.054%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 868 (46.82%) Agile Software Development
2 466 (25.13%) Microservices
3 455 (24.54%) Software Engineering
4 393 (21.20%) DevOps
5 307 (16.56%) Scrum
6 305 (16.45%) TDD
7 293 (15.80%) Business Intelligence
8 283 (15.26%) Analytics
9 277 (14.94%) Problem-Solving
10 258 (13.92%) Computer Science
11 240 (12.94%) Test Automation
12 223 (12.03%) OO
13 207 (11.17%) ETL
14 179 (9.65%) Continuous Integration
15 170 (9.17%) Data Modelling
16 152 (8.20%) SDLC
17 151 (8.14%) Fintech
18 143 (7.71%) Mentoring
19 137 (7.39%) OOP
19 137 (7.39%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 934 (50.38%) SQL
2 602 (32.47%) Python
3 598 (32.25%) Java
4 559 (30.15%) JavaScript
5 364 (19.63%) C#
6 143 (7.71%) T-SQL
7 134 (7.23%) TypeScript
8 131 (7.07%) PHP
9 85 (4.58%) C++
10 83 (4.48%) Java 8
11 82 (4.42%) Scala
12 76 (4.10%) R
13 55 (2.97%) Ruby
14 48 (2.59%) Go
15 47 (2.54%) Shell Script
16 45 (2.43%) PowerShell
17 41 (2.21%) Bash Shell
18 40 (2.16%) Perl
19 37 (2.00%) PL/SQL
20 28 (1.51%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 341 (18.39%) Degree
2 131 (7.07%) Computer Science Degree
3 64 (3.45%) Security Cleared
4 38 (2.05%) SC Cleared
5 35 (1.89%) Microsoft Certification
6 25 (1.35%) Numerate Degree
7 16 (0.86%) AWS Certification
7 16 (0.86%) Master's Degree
8 9 (0.49%) PhD
9 7 (0.38%) CTC Cleared
9 7 (0.38%) MCSE
10 6 (0.32%) MCDBA
10 6 (0.32%) MCSA
10 6 (0.32%) OCP
10 6 (0.32%) Oracle Certification
11 5 (0.27%) ISEB
12 4 (0.22%) CCNA
12 4 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.22%) HND
12 4 (0.22%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 145 (7.82%) QA
2 53 (2.86%) Data Quality
3 19 (1.02%) GDPR
4 5 (0.27%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.22%) CDISC
5 4 (0.22%) Good Clinical Practice
6 3 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.11%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 2 (0.11%) EMIR
7 2 (0.11%) GRC
7 2 (0.11%) GxP
7 2 (0.11%) IEC 62304
7 2 (0.11%) ISO 13485
7 2 (0.11%) MiFID
7 2 (0.11%) WCAG
8 1 (0.054%) GLBA
8 1 (0.054%) IFRS
8 1 (0.054%) NIST
8 1 (0.054%) PSD2
8 1 (0.054%) WAI
System Software
1 339 (18.28%) Docker
2 21 (1.13%) VMware Infrastructure
3 16 (0.86%) Active Directory
4 15 (0.81%) HDFS
5 12 (0.65%) Hyper-V
6 11 (0.59%) Oracle RAC
7 4 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 2 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.11%) XenApp
9 1 (0.054%) GridGain
9 1 (0.054%) Lustre
9 1 (0.054%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.054%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 278 (14.99%) Kubernetes
2 92 (4.96%) Terraform
3 90 (4.85%) Ansible
4 36 (1.94%) Opscode Chef
5 32 (1.73%) Puppet
6 12 (0.65%) Grafana
6 12 (0.65%) Oracle RMAN
6 12 (0.65%) Prometheus
7 9 (0.49%) Docker Swarm
8 8 (0.43%) Zipkin
9 6 (0.32%) Data Guard
9 6 (0.32%) Kibana
10 5 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
10 5 (0.27%) Nagios
11 4 (0.22%) HAProxy
11 4 (0.22%) Packer
11 4 (0.22%) Proxmox
12 3 (0.16%) Consul
12 3 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
12 3 (0.16%) systemd
Vendors
1 277 (14.94%) Oracle
2 230 (12.41%) Microsoft
3 139 (7.50%) Google
4 95 (5.12%) Salesforce.com
5 93 (5.02%) Sybase
6 31 (1.67%) IBM
7 30 (1.62%) VMware
8 25 (1.35%) SAP
9 24 (1.29%) Red Hat
10 22 (1.19%) Databricks
11 21 (1.13%) Splunk
12 20 (1.08%) ServiceNow
13 16 (0.86%) Talend
14 15 (0.81%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
15 14 (0.76%) Atlassian
15 14 (0.76%) Informatica
15 14 (0.76%) Zend
16 12 (0.65%) Cognos
16 12 (0.65%) Remedy
16 12 (0.65%) Xamarin