Period
to 21 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 21 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
21 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 142 127 113
Rank change year-on-year -15 -14 -18
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 3,405 4,325 4,401
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.55% 2.69% 2.77%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.12% 8.75% 9.02%
Number of salaries quoted 2,678 3,299 3,551
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% -3.00%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 37,316 49,404 48,789
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 27.97% 30.73% 30.67%
Number of salaries quoted 30,704 40,808 41,823
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £81,250 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 21 May 2019.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 21 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 1,503 £65,000 +8.33% 62
South East 0 732 £50,000 - 24
North of England +23 466 £45,000 - 10
North West +29 285 £42,500 -5.56% 8
Midlands +7 245 £37,500 -13.79% 15
South West -5 243 £42,501 +13.33% 8
East of England -14 215 £55,000 +22.22% 17
Yorkshire +2 162 £45,000 - 1
West Midlands +13 161 £40,000 -5.88% 9
East Midlands -1 82 £35,000 -22.22% 6
North East +15 20 £36,000 -4.00% 1
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 21 May 2019, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,940 (56.98%) SQL
2 1,301 (38.21%) SQL Server
3 1,259 (36.98%) Agile Software Development
4 1,073 (31.51%) Java
5 1,019 (29.93%) RDBMS
6 923 (27.11%) Oracle
7 912 (26.78%) JavaScript
8 904 (26.55%) C#
9 849 (24.93%) .NET
10 778 (22.85%) Microsoft
11 690 (20.26%) Finance
12 686 (20.15%) HTML
13 667 (19.59%) Python
14 661 (19.41%) Amazon AWS
15 635 (18.65%) Linux
16 607 (17.83%) OO
17 601 (17.65%) MySQL
18 599 (17.59%) Microsoft Azure
19 582 (17.09%) CSS
20 557 (16.36%) Software Engineering
21 533 (15.65%) Degree
22 499 (14.65%) Business Intelligence
23 496 (14.57%) Git (software)
24 466 (13.69%) DevOps
25 465 (13.66%) Windows
26 448 (13.16%) ETL
27 439 (12.89%) NoSQL
28 435 (12.78%) MVC
29 433 (12.72%) Spring
30 432 (12.69%) Scrum

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (3.61%) Tomcat
2 119 (3.49%) Apache
3 112 (3.29%) Apache Spark
4 96 (2.82%) SharePoint
5 91 (2.67%) JBoss
6 84 (2.47%) WebSphere
7 82 (2.41%) WebLogic
8 76 (2.23%) Elasticsearch
9 69 (2.03%) IIS
10 61 (1.79%) CMS
11 49 (1.44%) Confluence
12 33 (0.97%) OpenStack
13 32 (0.94%) SAS
14 31 (0.91%) Cloud Foundry
15 30 (0.88%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 30 (0.88%) Apache Solr
16 27 (0.79%) nginx
17 24 (0.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 20 (0.59%) Oracle HTTP Server
19 19 (0.56%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 186 (5.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 101 (2.97%) Microsoft Office
3 28 (0.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 25 (0.73%) MS Visio
5 15 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
6 13 (0.38%) SPSS
7 11 (0.32%) Photoshop
8 10 (0.29%) Stata
9 9 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
10 8 (0.23%) Weka
11 6 (0.18%) AutoCAD
11 6 (0.18%) Sketch
12 3 (0.088%) ArchiCAD
12 3 (0.088%) Chatbot
12 3 (0.088%) EngageOne
12 3 (0.088%) MicroStation
12 3 (0.088%) Revit
12 3 (0.088%) S-PLUS
13 2 (0.059%) Fireworks
14 1 (0.029%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 58 (1.70%) Magento
2 34 (1.00%) SAP Hybris
3 33 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
4 23 (0.68%) SDL Web 8
5 15 (0.44%) SAP ERP
6 12 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
7 10 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
7 10 (0.29%) Oracle EBS R12
8 9 (0.26%) Cognos TM1
8 9 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 7 (0.21%) Movex
9 7 (0.21%) Shopify
10 6 (0.18%) Oracle 11i
10 6 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
11 5 (0.15%) osCommerce
11 5 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
11 5 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
12 4 (0.12%) Oracle Payroll
12 4 (0.12%) Unit4 Business World
13 3 (0.088%) Oracle CRM
Cloud Services
1 661 (19.41%) Amazon AWS
2 599 (17.59%) Microsoft Azure
3 200 (5.87%) SaaS
4 185 (5.43%) Power Platform
5 144 (4.23%) GitHub
6 140 (4.11%) Google Cloud Platform
7 97 (2.85%) Serverless
8 82 (2.41%) PaaS
9 73 (2.14%) Cloud Computing
10 65 (1.91%) Amazon S3
11 62 (1.82%) AWS Lambda
12 56 (1.64%) Office 365
13 52 (1.53%) OpenShift
14 51 (1.50%) IaaS
15 36 (1.06%) Amazon EC2
15 36 (1.06%) Azure Data Factory
16 23 (0.68%) Amazon SQS
17 21 (0.62%) Dynamics 365
18 19 (0.56%) AWS CloudFormation
18 19 (0.56%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 120 (3.52%) HTTP
2 89 (2.61%) Internet
3 79 (2.32%) TCP/IP
4 59 (1.73%) Firewall
5 44 (1.29%) DNS
6 40 (1.17%) Broadband
7 37 (1.09%) SSL
8 22 (0.65%) FTP
9 21 (0.62%) VPN
10 18 (0.53%) DHCP
10 18 (0.53%) Network Security
11 17 (0.50%) HTTPS
12 16 (0.47%) NAS
12 16 (0.47%) SAN
13 14 (0.41%) Skype
14 8 (0.23%) CTI
14 8 (0.23%) Multicast
14 8 (0.23%) SMTP
15 7 (0.21%) VoIP
15 7 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,301 (38.21%) SQL Server
2 1,019 (29.93%) RDBMS
3 601 (17.65%) MySQL
4 439 (12.89%) NoSQL
5 424 (12.45%) Data Warehouse
6 413 (12.13%) PostgreSQL
7 337 (9.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 311 (9.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 274 (8.05%) MongoDB
10 258 (7.58%) Big Data
11 199 (5.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 185 (5.43%) Power BI
13 171 (5.02%) Oracle Database
14 168 (4.93%) Hadoop
15 113 (3.32%) SQL Server 2012
16 90 (2.64%) SQL Server 2008
17 81 (2.38%) Data Lake
18 76 (2.23%) SQL Server 2005
19 74 (2.17%) SQL Server 2014
20 68 (2.00%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 496 (14.57%) Git (software)
2 236 (6.93%) Jenkins
3 143 (4.20%) JIRA
4 135 (3.96%) Maven
5 131 (3.85%) Visual Studio
6 94 (2.76%) Selenium
6 94 (2.76%) Subversion
7 75 (2.20%) JUnit
8 73 (2.14%) Team Foundation Server
9 72 (2.11%) TeamCity
10 65 (1.91%) Ant
11 56 (1.64%) Cucumber
12 54 (1.59%) GitLab
13 46 (1.35%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 36 (1.06%) SonarQube
15 34 (1.00%) NUnit
16 33 (0.97%) webpack
17 31 (0.91%) Gradle
18 30 (0.88%) Oracle Forms
19 28 (0.82%) gulp
General
1 690 (20.26%) Finance
2 223 (6.55%) Banking
3 197 (5.79%) Retail
4 189 (5.55%) Marketing
5 92 (2.70%) Front Office
6 86 (2.53%) Manufacturing
7 75 (2.20%) Telecoms
8 60 (1.76%) Advertising
9 58 (1.70%) Financial Institution
10 52 (1.53%) Investment Banking
11 43 (1.26%) French Language
11 43 (1.26%) German Language
11 43 (1.26%) Legal
12 40 (1.17%) Games
13 37 (1.09%) Law
14 33 (0.97%) Electronics
15 22 (0.65%) Back Office
16 19 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
17 18 (0.53%) Publishing
18 17 (0.50%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,662 (48.81%) Developer
2 429 (12.60%) Java Developer
3 396 (11.63%) Analyst
4 325 (9.54%) Senior Developer
5 319 (9.37%) C# Developer
6 281 (8.25%) Software Developer
7 261 (7.67%) .NET Developer
8 241 (7.08%) Software Engineer
9 239 (7.02%) Architect
10 164 (4.82%) C# .NET Developer
10 164 (4.82%) Junior
11 163 (4.79%) DBA
11 163 (4.79%) SQL Developer
12 159 (4.67%) Full Stack Developer
13 126 (3.70%) Consultant
14 124 (3.64%) Junior Developer
15 116 (3.41%) Data Engineer
16 110 (3.23%) Applications Support
17 108 (3.17%) Python Developer
18 107 (3.14%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 849 (24.93%) .NET
2 686 (20.15%) HTML
3 582 (17.09%) CSS
4 433 (12.72%) Spring
5 418 (12.28%) Web Services
6 405 (11.89%) AngularJS
7 404 (11.86%) ASP.NET
8 323 (9.49%) REST
9 303 (8.90%) XML
10 289 (8.49%) RESTful
11 268 (7.87%) .NET Framework
12 207 (6.08%) React
13 202 (5.93%) JSON
14 198 (5.81%) jQuery
15 193 (5.67%) Hibernate
16 189 (5.55%) HTML5
17 185 (5.43%) ASP.NET Web API
18 183 (5.37%) Node.js
19 181 (5.32%) SOAP
20 150 (4.41%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 376 (11.04%) Analytical Skills
2 203 (5.96%) Fintech
3 177 (5.20%) Enterprise Software
4 154 (4.52%) User Experience
5 153 (4.49%) Data Structures
6 148 (4.35%) Greenfield Project
7 145 (4.26%) Algorithms
8 124 (3.64%) Self-Motivation
9 89 (2.61%) Mobile App
10 73 (2.14%) Clustering
11 71 (2.09%) Replication
12 69 (2.03%) Cloud Native
13 63 (1.85%) Derivative
14 61 (1.79%) Management Information System
15 55 (1.62%) Hedge funds
16 46 (1.35%) Linux Command Line
17 44 (1.29%) Virtual Team
18 39 (1.15%) Client/Server
19 33 (0.97%) Private Cloud
20 28 (0.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 635 (18.65%) Linux
2 465 (13.66%) Windows
3 302 (8.87%) Unix
4 95 (2.79%) Windows Server
5 72 (2.11%) Android
6 59 (1.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 57 (1.67%) Apple iOS
8 43 (1.26%) Windows Server 2012
9 37 (1.09%) AIX
10 33 (0.97%) Windows Server 2008
11 28 (0.82%) CentOS
12 17 (0.50%) DC/OS
12 17 (0.50%) Mesosphere
13 16 (0.47%) Ubuntu
14 13 (0.38%) Solaris
14 13 (0.38%) Windows 7
15 12 (0.35%) Windows 8
16 11 (0.32%) Mac OS
17 8 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
18 7 (0.21%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,259 (36.98%) Agile Software Development
2 607 (17.83%) OO
3 557 (16.36%) Software Engineering
4 499 (14.65%) Business Intelligence
5 466 (13.69%) DevOps
6 448 (13.16%) ETL
7 435 (12.78%) MVC
8 432 (12.69%) Scrum
9 392 (11.51%) TDD
10 386 (11.34%) Problem-Solving
11 382 (11.22%) Continuous Integration
12 356 (10.46%) Computer Science
13 355 (10.43%) Test Automation
14 346 (10.16%) Analytics
15 323 (9.49%) Microservices
15 323 (9.49%) OOP
16 289 (8.49%) Mentoring
17 263 (7.72%) Data Modelling
18 247 (7.25%) SDLC
19 227 (6.67%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,940 (56.98%) SQL
2 1,073 (31.51%) Java
3 912 (26.78%) JavaScript
4 904 (26.55%) C#
5 667 (19.59%) Python
6 370 (10.87%) T-SQL
7 255 (7.49%) C++
8 210 (6.17%) PHP
9 194 (5.70%) PL/SQL
10 147 (4.32%) PowerShell
11 134 (3.94%) C
11 134 (3.94%) Perl
12 119 (3.49%) Ruby
13 118 (3.47%) TypeScript
14 115 (3.38%) R
15 114 (3.35%) Bash Shell
16 100 (2.94%) Scala
17 98 (2.88%) Shell Script
18 90 (2.64%) Java 8
19 63 (1.85%) VB
Qualifications
1 533 (15.65%) Degree
2 147 (4.32%) Computer Science Degree
3 125 (3.67%) Security Cleared
4 102 (3.00%) Microsoft Certification
5 48 (1.41%) SC Cleared
6 42 (1.23%) MCSA
7 41 (1.20%) DV Cleared
8 38 (1.12%) ISTQB
9 34 (1.00%) Master's Degree
10 30 (0.88%) MCP
11 28 (0.82%) Numerate Degree
12 25 (0.73%) PhD
13 21 (0.62%) Oracle Certification
14 18 (0.53%) OCP
14 18 (0.53%) SAP Certification
15 14 (0.41%) AWS Certification
15 14 (0.41%) Postgraduate
16 13 (0.38%) ITIL Certification
16 13 (0.38%) MCSE
17 12 (0.35%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 259 (7.61%) QA
2 86 (2.53%) Data Quality
3 69 (2.03%) GDPR
4 44 (1.29%) SLA
5 29 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 26 (0.76%) DICOM
7 14 (0.41%) ISO 9001
8 10 (0.29%) Basel III
8 10 (0.29%) GAMP
9 9 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 6 (0.18%) MiFID
11 5 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
11 5 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
11 5 (0.15%) EMIR
11 5 (0.15%) PMO
12 4 (0.12%) PCI DSS
13 3 (0.088%) IFRS
14 2 (0.059%) ISO 15022
14 2 (0.059%) ISO 20022
14 2 (0.059%) PSD2
System Software
1 380 (11.16%) Docker
2 73 (2.14%) VMware Infrastructure
3 51 (1.50%) Oracle RAC
4 47 (1.38%) Active Directory
5 33 (0.97%) Hyper-V
6 29 (0.85%) HDFS
7 17 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
8 13 (0.38%) Xen
9 10 (0.29%) Slurm Workload Manager
10 8 (0.23%) Firmware
10 8 (0.23%) Varnish
11 6 (0.18%) Apache Flume
12 4 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 3 (0.088%) iptables
13 3 (0.088%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 3 (0.088%) vCloud
14 2 (0.059%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 1 (0.029%) GridGain
15 1 (0.029%) Oracle Clusterware
15 1 (0.029%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 173 (5.08%) Kubernetes
2 159 (4.67%) Ansible
3 124 (3.64%) Puppet
4 91 (2.67%) Opscode Chef
5 71 (2.09%) Terraform
6 32 (0.94%) Data Guard
7 31 (0.91%) Oracle RMAN
8 28 (0.82%) HP Quality Center
9 25 (0.73%) HP ALM
9 25 (0.73%) Kibana
10 22 (0.65%) logstash
11 21 (0.62%) Failover Clustering
11 21 (0.62%) Perfmon
12 20 (0.59%) Prometheus
13 19 (0.56%) Ambari
13 19 (0.56%) Hadoop YARN
13 19 (0.56%) Mesos
14 16 (0.47%) Control-M
15 14 (0.41%) Consul
16 12 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 923 (27.11%) Oracle
2 778 (22.85%) Microsoft
3 164 (4.82%) Tableau
4 157 (4.61%) SAP
5 149 (4.38%) Google
6 97 (2.85%) VMware
7 93 (2.73%) Salesforce.com
8 79 (2.32%) IBM
9 76 (2.23%) Red Hat
10 58 (1.70%) Adobe
11 41 (1.20%) Informatica
12 40 (1.17%) Talend
13 34 (1.00%) Avaloq
13 34 (1.00%) hybris
14 31 (0.91%) Cognos
15 30 (0.88%) Teradata
16 28 (0.82%) HP
16 28 (0.82%) Veeam
17 27 (0.79%) Elastic Path
17 27 (0.79%) RedGate