Period
to 12 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 12 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
12 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 116 119 108
Rank change year-on-year +3 -11 -15
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 4,284 4,614 5,090
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.84% 2.76% 2.84%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.76% 9.15% 9.61%
Number of salaries quoted 3,439 3,449 4,110
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 43,885 50,437 52,954
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 29.14% 30.21% 29.54%
Number of salaries quoted 36,326 41,918 45,678
England median annual salary £51,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 12 November 2018.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 12 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 2,042 £60,000 - 294
South East +6 860 £52,500 +16.67% 126
North of England +9 505 £45,000 +5.88% 108
Midlands +47 333 £43,650 -3.00% 60
East of England +4 308 £45,000 -4.26% 72
South West -16 263 £43,750 +9.38% 62
North West -2 261 £45,000 - 64
West Midlands +68 243 £45,000 - 38
Yorkshire +19 206 £45,000 +12.50% 36
East Midlands +7 89 £42,500 -5.56% 22
North East -7 38 £37,500 -6.25% 8
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 12 November 2018, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2,421 (56.51%) SQL
2 1,624 (37.91%) Agile Software Development
3 1,585 (37.00%) Java
4 1,520 (35.48%) SQL Server
5 1,458 (34.03%) RDBMS
6 1,228 (28.66%) Oracle
7 1,206 (28.15%) JavaScript
8 1,189 (27.75%) Finance
9 958 (22.36%) HTML
10 948 (22.13%) Microsoft
11 927 (21.64%) Python
12 921 (21.50%) Linux
13 900 (21.01%) C#
14 872 (20.35%) .NET
15 801 (18.70%) Amazon AWS
16 775 (18.09%) Degree
17 743 (17.34%) CSS
18 713 (16.64%) Problem-Solving
19 707 (16.50%) NoSQL
20 706 (16.48%) MySQL
21 641 (14.96%) OO
22 625 (14.59%) Git (software)
23 624 (14.57%) Web Services
23 624 (14.57%) Software Engineering
24 580 (13.54%) Analytical Skills
25 567 (13.24%) Microsoft Azure
26 566 (13.21%) Computer Science
27 559 (13.05%) ETL
28 548 (12.79%) Spring
29 541 (12.63%) Scrum

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 185 (4.32%) Apache Spark
2 152 (3.55%) Apache
3 151 (3.52%) Tomcat
4 132 (3.08%) JBoss
5 131 (3.06%) Elasticsearch
6 117 (2.73%) WebSphere
7 97 (2.26%) Confluence
7 97 (2.26%) IIS
8 87 (2.03%) SharePoint
9 70 (1.63%) CMS
10 62 (1.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 57 (1.33%) WebLogic
12 43 (1.00%) OpenStack
13 35 (0.82%) GlassFish
14 34 (0.79%) Apache Pig
14 34 (0.79%) nginx
15 32 (0.75%) SAS
16 31 (0.72%) Apache Solr
17 25 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
18 23 (0.54%) WordPress
Applications
1 191 (4.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 91 (2.12%) Microsoft Office
3 37 (0.86%) MS Visio
4 22 (0.51%) Spreadsheet
5 17 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 11 (0.26%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.14%) HipChat
7 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.14%) Weka
8 5 (0.12%) GNU Octave
9 3 (0.070%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.047%) SPSS
11 1 (0.023%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.023%) Adobe Premiere
11 1 (0.023%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.023%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 34 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.51%) SAP Hybris
3 21 (0.49%) Oracle EBS
3 21 (0.49%) Oracle EBS R12
4 18 (0.42%) Dynamics AX
4 18 (0.42%) Magento
5 17 (0.40%) Oracle 11i
5 17 (0.40%) Oracle Applications
6 14 (0.33%) NetSuite
7 13 (0.30%) SDL Web 8
8 12 (0.28%) Remedy ITSM
8 12 (0.28%) SimCorp Dimension
9 11 (0.26%) Unit4 Business World
10 9 (0.21%) Markit EDM
11 8 (0.19%) Infor SunSystems
11 8 (0.19%) SAP ERP
12 6 (0.14%) Cognos Business Intelligence
12 6 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
13 5 (0.12%) Northgate Housing
13 5 (0.12%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 801 (18.70%) Amazon AWS
2 567 (13.24%) Microsoft Azure
3 171 (3.99%) SaaS
4 125 (2.92%) GitHub
5 111 (2.59%) Google Cloud Platform
6 100 (2.33%) Serverless
7 99 (2.31%) Amazon EC2
8 98 (2.29%) IaaS
9 85 (1.98%) Amazon S3
10 84 (1.96%) Cloud Computing
11 79 (1.84%) PaaS
12 58 (1.35%) Office 365
13 50 (1.17%) AWS Lambda
14 41 (0.96%) Amazon Kinesis
15 40 (0.93%) Amazon EMR
16 36 (0.84%) AWS CloudFormation
17 33 (0.77%) Amazon SQS
18 30 (0.70%) OpenShift
19 29 (0.68%) Azure Active Directory
19 29 (0.68%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 148 (3.45%) Internet
2 131 (3.06%) HTTP
3 79 (1.84%) TCP/IP
4 42 (0.98%) Firewall
5 39 (0.91%) DNS
6 35 (0.82%) SAN
7 30 (0.70%) Network Security
8 28 (0.65%) VPN
9 21 (0.49%) AMQP
9 21 (0.49%) SSL
10 20 (0.47%) NAS
11 15 (0.35%) FTP
11 15 (0.35%) SMTP
12 12 (0.28%) WebEx
13 11 (0.26%) IPv6
13 11 (0.26%) SMS
13 11 (0.26%) Wi-Fi
14 10 (0.23%) DHCP
14 10 (0.23%) LAN
14 10 (0.23%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,520 (35.48%) SQL Server
2 1,458 (34.03%) RDBMS
3 707 (16.50%) NoSQL
4 706 (16.48%) MySQL
5 475 (11.09%) Data Warehouse
5 475 (11.09%) PostgreSQL
6 464 (10.83%) Big Data
7 413 (9.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 351 (8.19%) MongoDB
9 300 (7.00%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 299 (6.98%) Oracle Database
11 244 (5.70%) Hadoop
12 201 (4.69%) SQL Server 2008
13 196 (4.58%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 175 (4.08%) Apache Cassandra
15 134 (3.13%) Power BI
16 123 (2.87%) SQL Server 2012
17 119 (2.78%) BusinessObjects
18 115 (2.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 106 (2.47%) Redis
Development Applications
1 625 (14.59%) Git (software)
2 317 (7.40%) Jenkins
3 260 (6.07%) Maven
4 248 (5.79%) JIRA
5 175 (4.08%) Subversion
6 127 (2.96%) Selenium
7 118 (2.75%) Visual Studio
8 116 (2.71%) JUnit
9 85 (1.98%) TeamCity
10 83 (1.94%) Team Foundation Server
11 74 (1.73%) Gradle
12 72 (1.68%) Eclipse
13 68 (1.59%) Cucumber
14 66 (1.54%) Bitbucket
15 60 (1.40%) Ant
16 48 (1.12%) Visual Studio Team System
17 44 (1.03%) NUnit
18 40 (0.93%) webpack
19 39 (0.91%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 35 (0.82%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 1,189 (27.75%) Finance
2 452 (10.55%) Banking
3 264 (6.16%) Retail
4 211 (4.93%) Marketing
5 143 (3.34%) Investment Banking
6 129 (3.01%) Financial Institution
7 87 (2.03%) Games
8 86 (2.01%) Advertising
9 70 (1.63%) Front Office
10 62 (1.45%) Legal
10 62 (1.45%) Manufacturing
11 61 (1.42%) Telecoms
12 49 (1.14%) Law
13 42 (0.98%) Back Office
14 40 (0.93%) Electronics
15 22 (0.51%) German Language
16 17 (0.40%) French Language
16 17 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
17 15 (0.35%) Automotive
18 13 (0.30%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,041 (47.64%) Developer
2 621 (14.50%) Java Developer
3 483 (11.27%) Senior Developer
4 468 (10.92%) Analyst
5 350 (8.17%) Architect
6 279 (6.51%) C# Developer
7 275 (6.42%) Software Developer
8 258 (6.02%) DBA
9 253 (5.91%) SQL Developer
10 235 (5.49%) .NET Developer
11 223 (5.21%) Software Engineer
12 199 (4.65%) Applications Support
13 173 (4.04%) Junior
14 162 (3.78%) Senior Java Developer
15 158 (3.69%) Support Analyst
16 147 (3.43%) Junior Developer
17 146 (3.41%) Administrator
18 145 (3.38%) Consultant
19 142 (3.31%) Data Engineer
19 142 (3.31%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 958 (22.36%) HTML
2 872 (20.35%) .NET
3 743 (17.34%) CSS
4 624 (14.57%) Web Services
5 548 (12.79%) Spring
6 528 (12.32%) AngularJS
7 490 (11.44%) XML
8 400 (9.34%) RESTful
9 369 (8.61%) HTML5
10 365 (8.52%) REST
11 354 (8.26%) ASP.NET
12 318 (7.42%) jQuery
13 297 (6.93%) Hibernate
14 283 (6.61%) Node.js
15 280 (6.54%) JSON
16 258 (6.02%) SOAP
17 254 (5.93%) React
18 231 (5.39%) .NET Framework
19 204 (4.76%) CSS3
20 192 (4.48%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 580 (13.54%) Analytical Skills
2 566 (13.21%) Computer Science
3 240 (5.60%) Fintech
4 219 (5.11%) Enterprise Software
5 178 (4.15%) Self-Motivation
6 168 (3.92%) User Experience
7 167 (3.90%) Data Structures
8 157 (3.66%) Algorithms
9 140 (3.27%) Mobile App
10 130 (3.03%) Management Information System
11 124 (2.89%) Greenfield Project
12 97 (2.26%) Derivative
13 91 (2.12%) Cyberthreat
14 80 (1.87%) Replication
15 75 (1.75%) Hedge funds
16 70 (1.63%) Linux Command Line
17 62 (1.45%) Clustering
18 61 (1.42%) Virtual Team
19 39 (0.91%) Driving Licence
20 36 (0.84%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 921 (21.50%) Linux
2 507 (11.83%) Unix
3 437 (10.20%) Windows
4 115 (2.68%) Windows Server
5 101 (2.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 60 (1.40%) CentOS
7 47 (1.10%) Solaris
8 44 (1.03%) Apple iOS
9 43 (1.00%) Android
9 43 (1.00%) Ubuntu
10 28 (0.65%) AIX
11 23 (0.54%) VMS
12 20 (0.47%) Windows Server 2008
13 19 (0.44%) Mac OS X
14 16 (0.37%) Windows 7
15 15 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
16 12 (0.28%) CoreOS
16 12 (0.28%) Oracle Linux
17 11 (0.26%) HPUX
18 8 (0.19%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,624 (37.91%) Agile Software Development
2 713 (16.64%) Problem-Solving
3 641 (14.96%) OO
4 624 (14.57%) Software Engineering
5 559 (13.05%) ETL
6 541 (12.63%) Scrum
7 507 (11.83%) TDD
8 498 (11.62%) Business Intelligence
9 479 (11.18%) MVC
10 430 (10.04%) Analytics
11 428 (9.99%) Continuous Integration
12 427 (9.97%) DevOps
13 418 (9.76%) Microservices
14 405 (9.45%) Test Automation
15 367 (8.57%) SDLC
16 365 (8.52%) Data Modelling
17 285 (6.65%) Web Development
18 268 (6.26%) BDD
19 266 (6.21%) Mentoring
20 257 (6.00%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 2,421 (56.51%) SQL
2 1,585 (37.00%) Java
3 1,206 (28.15%) JavaScript
4 927 (21.64%) Python
5 900 (21.01%) C#
6 385 (8.99%) T-SQL
7 317 (7.40%) PHP
8 267 (6.23%) PL/SQL
9 263 (6.14%) C++
10 221 (5.16%) Scala
11 216 (5.04%) Shell Script
12 213 (4.97%) Ruby
13 192 (4.48%) Java 8
14 183 (4.27%) PowerShell
15 140 (3.27%) C
16 127 (2.96%) Bash Shell
16 127 (2.96%) Perl
17 124 (2.89%) R
18 121 (2.82%) Go
19 93 (2.17%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 775 (18.09%) Degree
2 255 (5.95%) Computer Science Degree
3 130 (3.03%) Microsoft Certification
4 108 (2.52%) Security Cleared
5 74 (1.73%) Master's Degree
6 55 (1.28%) MCSA
7 52 (1.21%) SC Cleared
8 38 (0.89%) MCSE
9 29 (0.68%) PhD
10 28 (0.65%) Numerate Degree
11 20 (0.47%) DV Cleared
12 19 (0.44%) ISEB
13 17 (0.40%) AWS Certification
14 15 (0.35%) ISTQB
15 12 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
15 12 (0.28%) ITIL Certification
16 11 (0.26%) MCDBA
16 11 (0.26%) Oracle Certification
17 10 (0.23%) Postgraduate
18 8 (0.19%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 246 (5.74%) QA
2 153 (3.57%) Data Quality
3 67 (1.56%) SLA
4 59 (1.38%) GDPR
5 32 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 16 (0.37%) ISO 9001
7 12 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 12 (0.28%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 7 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.12%) PSD2
10 4 (0.093%) DICOM
10 4 (0.093%) IFRS
10 4 (0.093%) MiFID
10 4 (0.093%) WCAG
11 3 (0.070%) PMO
12 2 (0.047%) IFRS 9
13 1 (0.023%) Cyber Essentials
13 1 (0.023%) HL7
13 1 (0.023%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 351 (8.19%) Docker
2 116 (2.71%) Active Directory
3 74 (1.73%) Oracle RAC
4 70 (1.63%) VMware Infrastructure
5 55 (1.28%) HDFS
6 53 (1.24%) Virtual Machines
7 29 (0.68%) Hyper-V
8 27 (0.63%) Apache Flume
9 15 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 11 (0.26%) Firmware
10 11 (0.26%) VirtualBox
11 10 (0.23%) KVM
11 10 (0.23%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 9 (0.21%) iptables
13 7 (0.16%) LXC
14 6 (0.14%) oVirt
15 3 (0.070%) vSphere
16 2 (0.047%) ACF2
16 2 (0.047%) VMware ESXi
16 2 (0.047%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 186 (4.34%) Ansible
2 161 (3.76%) Kubernetes
3 127 (2.96%) Opscode Chef
4 119 (2.78%) Puppet
5 87 (2.03%) Terraform
6 62 (1.45%) Data Guard
7 32 (0.75%) Kibana
7 32 (0.75%) Nagios
7 32 (0.75%) Oracle RMAN
8 29 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
9 28 (0.65%) Mesos
9 28 (0.65%) Oozie
10 27 (0.63%) Prometheus
11 26 (0.61%) logstash
12 23 (0.54%) HP Quality Center
13 22 (0.51%) Salt
14 21 (0.49%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 21 (0.49%) Packer
15 20 (0.47%) BMC PATROL
16 17 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 1,228 (28.66%) Oracle
2 948 (22.13%) Microsoft
3 206 (4.81%) Google
4 132 (3.08%) Tableau
5 129 (3.01%) Sybase
6 110 (2.57%) IBM
7 107 (2.50%) SAP
8 90 (2.10%) Informatica
9 87 (2.03%) Red Hat
9 87 (2.03%) VMware
10 66 (1.54%) Salesforce.com
11 48 (1.12%) Splunk
12 47 (1.10%) Atlassian
12 47 (1.10%) Cloudera
13 46 (1.07%) Cognos
13 46 (1.07%) Xamarin
14 44 (1.03%) Adobe
14 44 (1.03%) Hortonworks
15 43 (1.00%) hybris
16 34 (0.79%) Talend