Period
to 21 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 21 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 122 132 104
Rank change year-on-year +10 -28 -13
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 3,818 4,112 4,790
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.72% 2.55% 2.88%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.54% 8.35% 9.67%
Number of salaries quoted 3,093 3,138 3,876
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.30%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,976
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 40,030 49,223 49,534
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 28.56% 30.58% 29.82%
Number of salaries quoted 33,138 41,208 42,744
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +3.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,500 £29,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £48,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +9.38% +1.05% +5.56%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 21 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +10 1,754 £62,500 +4.17% 279
South East +7 797 £52,500 +16.67% 117
North of England +31 475 £45,000 +5.88% 105
Midlands +61 303 £42,500 -5.56% 61
North West +34 267 £45,000 - 60
East of England -30 265 £45,250 -4.74% 33
South West +8 247 £45,000 +12.50% 58
West Midlands +75 211 £42,500 - 41
Yorkshire +39 186 £45,000 +12.50% 36
East Midlands +24 91 £40,000 -13.98% 20
North East +7 22 £36,000 -7.60% 9
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2019, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2,119 (55.50%) SQL
2 1,450 (37.98%) Agile Software Development
3 1,431 (37.48%) SQL Server
4 1,363 (35.70%) Java
5 1,240 (32.48%) RDBMS
6 1,131 (29.62%) Oracle
7 1,079 (28.26%) JavaScript
8 990 (25.93%) Finance
9 898 (23.52%) Microsoft
10 838 (21.95%) C#
11 835 (21.87%) Python
12 818 (21.42%) Linux
12 818 (21.42%) .NET
13 812 (21.27%) HTML
14 731 (19.15%) Amazon AWS
15 706 (18.49%) MySQL
16 657 (17.21%) Degree
17 650 (17.02%) CSS
18 602 (15.77%) Git (software)
19 600 (15.72%) NoSQL
20 578 (15.14%) OO
21 567 (14.85%) Software Engineering
22 554 (14.51%) Microsoft Azure
23 553 (14.48%) Web Services
24 541 (14.17%) Spring
25 495 (12.96%) Problem-Solving
26 494 (12.94%) AngularJS
27 489 (12.81%) PostgreSQL
28 478 (12.52%) MVC
28 478 (12.52%) Business Intelligence

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 138 (3.61%) Apache
1 138 (3.61%) Tomcat
2 136 (3.56%) Apache Spark
3 113 (2.96%) Elasticsearch
4 102 (2.67%) WebSphere
5 101 (2.65%) JBoss
6 100 (2.62%) IIS
7 87 (2.28%) SharePoint
8 77 (2.02%) CMS
9 74 (1.94%) Confluence
10 46 (1.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 44 (1.15%) WebLogic
12 38 (1.00%) nginx
13 36 (0.94%) SAS
14 35 (0.92%) GlassFish
15 32 (0.84%) Apache Pig
15 32 (0.84%) Apache Solr
16 27 (0.71%) OpenStack
17 24 (0.63%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 19 (0.50%) Alfresco
Applications
1 176 (4.61%) Microsoft Excel
2 90 (2.36%) Microsoft Office
3 47 (1.23%) MS Visio
4 21 (0.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 15 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
6 12 (0.31%) Photoshop
6 12 (0.31%) Weka
7 6 (0.16%) HipChat
7 6 (0.16%) SPSS
8 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
9 4 (0.10%) AutoCAD
9 4 (0.10%) Chatbot
10 3 (0.079%) Stata
11 2 (0.052%) GNU Octave
11 2 (0.052%) S-PLUS
12 1 (0.026%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.026%) ArchiCAD
12 1 (0.026%) GIMP
12 1 (0.026%) MicroStation
12 1 (0.026%) Revit
Business Applications
1 41 (1.07%) Dynamics CRM
2 39 (1.02%) Magento
3 28 (0.73%) SAP Hybris
4 25 (0.65%) Oracle EBS
4 25 (0.65%) Oracle EBS R12
5 24 (0.63%) Dynamics AX
6 19 (0.50%) Oracle 11i
6 19 (0.50%) Oracle Applications
6 19 (0.50%) SDL Web 8
7 11 (0.29%) NetSuite
7 11 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
8 8 (0.21%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 8 (0.21%) Markit EDM
8 8 (0.21%) Movex
8 8 (0.21%) SAP ERP
9 7 (0.18%) osCommerce
10 6 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
11 5 (0.13%) MetaTrader
11 5 (0.13%) Northgate Housing
12 4 (0.10%) Oracle Payroll
Cloud Services
1 731 (19.15%) Amazon AWS
2 554 (14.51%) Microsoft Azure
3 201 (5.26%) SaaS
4 120 (3.14%) GitHub
5 118 (3.09%) Serverless
6 112 (2.93%) Google Cloud Platform
7 87 (2.28%) Amazon S3
8 82 (2.15%) IaaS
9 81 (2.12%) Amazon EC2
10 80 (2.10%) PaaS
11 71 (1.86%) AWS Lambda
12 70 (1.83%) Cloud Computing
13 55 (1.44%) Office 365
14 40 (1.05%) Amazon EMR
14 40 (1.05%) Amazon SQS
15 39 (1.02%) Amazon Kinesis
16 38 (1.00%) OpenShift
17 32 (0.84%) AWS CloudFormation
17 32 (0.84%) Azure Active Directory
18 29 (0.76%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 125 (3.27%) HTTP
2 124 (3.25%) Internet
3 60 (1.57%) TCP/IP
4 44 (1.15%) DNS
5 34 (0.89%) Network Security
6 31 (0.81%) SSL
7 30 (0.79%) Firewall
8 21 (0.55%) VPN
9 20 (0.52%) SAN
10 17 (0.45%) AMQP
10 17 (0.45%) DHCP
11 15 (0.39%) Skype
12 14 (0.37%) VLAN
13 13 (0.34%) BIG-IP
14 12 (0.31%) NAS
14 12 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
15 11 (0.29%) HTTPS
16 10 (0.26%) LAN
16 10 (0.26%) SMTP
16 10 (0.26%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,431 (37.48%) SQL Server
2 1,240 (32.48%) RDBMS
3 706 (18.49%) MySQL
4 600 (15.72%) NoSQL
5 489 (12.81%) PostgreSQL
6 408 (10.69%) Data Warehouse
7 367 (9.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 347 (9.09%) Big Data
9 301 (7.88%) MongoDB
10 290 (7.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 249 (6.52%) Oracle Database
12 215 (5.63%) Hadoop
13 172 (4.50%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 141 (3.69%) Power BI
14 141 (3.69%) SQL Server 2008
15 122 (3.20%) Apache Cassandra
16 104 (2.72%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 100 (2.62%) SQL Server 2012
17 100 (2.62%) SQL Server 2014
18 89 (2.33%) Redis
Development Applications
1 602 (15.77%) Git (software)
2 296 (7.75%) Jenkins
3 232 (6.08%) Maven
4 174 (4.56%) JIRA
5 154 (4.03%) Subversion
6 136 (3.56%) Visual Studio
7 125 (3.27%) Selenium
8 104 (2.72%) JUnit
9 80 (2.10%) Gradle
10 78 (2.04%) Ant
11 76 (1.99%) Cucumber
12 74 (1.94%) TeamCity
13 68 (1.78%) Team Foundation Server
14 51 (1.34%) Eclipse
15 45 (1.18%) Visual Studio Team System
16 42 (1.10%) webpack
17 40 (1.05%) Bitbucket
18 36 (0.94%) NUnit
18 36 (0.94%) SonarQube
19 34 (0.89%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 990 (25.93%) Finance
2 333 (8.72%) Banking
3 213 (5.58%) Marketing
4 210 (5.50%) Retail
5 66 (1.73%) Advertising
6 63 (1.65%) Front Office
7 61 (1.60%) Investment Banking
8 55 (1.44%) Manufacturing
9 53 (1.39%) Financial Institution
9 53 (1.39%) Games
9 53 (1.39%) Telecoms
10 51 (1.34%) Legal
11 49 (1.28%) German Language
12 45 (1.18%) Back Office
12 45 (1.18%) Electronics
12 45 (1.18%) French Language
13 40 (1.05%) Law
14 24 (0.63%) Automotive
15 19 (0.50%) Publishing
16 16 (0.42%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,854 (48.56%) Developer
2 551 (14.43%) Java Developer
3 420 (11.00%) Senior Developer
4 413 (10.82%) Analyst
5 326 (8.54%) Architect
6 298 (7.81%) C# Developer
7 250 (6.55%) .NET Developer
8 243 (6.36%) Software Developer
9 228 (5.97%) SQL Developer
10 226 (5.92%) DBA
11 193 (5.06%) Software Engineer
12 159 (4.16%) Applications Support
13 148 (3.88%) Senior Java Developer
14 146 (3.82%) Python Developer
15 145 (3.80%) C# .NET Developer
16 144 (3.77%) Data Engineer
17 140 (3.67%) Support Analyst
18 132 (3.46%) Consultant
18 132 (3.46%) Junior
19 131 (3.43%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 818 (21.42%) .NET
2 812 (21.27%) HTML
3 650 (17.02%) CSS
4 553 (14.48%) Web Services
5 541 (14.17%) Spring
6 494 (12.94%) AngularJS
7 395 (10.35%) REST
7 395 (10.35%) XML
8 341 (8.93%) ASP.NET
9 340 (8.91%) RESTful
10 284 (7.44%) JSON
11 278 (7.28%) jQuery
12 266 (6.97%) HTML5
13 254 (6.65%) Node.js
14 249 (6.52%) SOAP
15 248 (6.50%) Hibernate
16 208 (5.45%) .NET Framework
17 205 (5.37%) React
18 195 (5.11%) Spring Boot
19 180 (4.71%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 402 (10.53%) Analytical Skills
2 229 (6.00%) Fintech
3 192 (5.03%) Data Structures
4 179 (4.69%) Enterprise Software
5 168 (4.40%) Algorithms
6 154 (4.03%) Self-Motivation
7 153 (4.01%) User Experience
8 148 (3.88%) Greenfield Project
9 101 (2.65%) Management Information System
10 90 (2.36%) Mobile App
11 79 (2.07%) Derivative
12 74 (1.94%) Replication
13 71 (1.86%) Linux Command Line
14 68 (1.78%) Hedge funds
15 61 (1.60%) Clustering
16 54 (1.41%) Virtual Team
17 43 (1.13%) Cloud Native
18 41 (1.07%) Reinsurance
19 33 (0.86%) Analytical Mindset
19 33 (0.86%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 818 (21.42%) Linux
2 457 (11.97%) Windows
3 447 (11.71%) Unix
4 110 (2.88%) Windows Server
5 89 (2.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 63 (1.65%) CentOS
7 60 (1.57%) Android
8 59 (1.55%) Apple iOS
9 37 (0.97%) Ubuntu
10 35 (0.92%) AIX
11 32 (0.84%) Solaris
12 24 (0.63%) Windows Server 2008
12 24 (0.63%) Windows Server 2012
13 17 (0.45%) DC/OS
13 17 (0.45%) Mesosphere
14 14 (0.37%) CoreOS
15 8 (0.21%) VMS
15 8 (0.21%) Windows 10
16 7 (0.18%) Windows NT
17 6 (0.16%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,450 (37.98%) Agile Software Development
2 578 (15.14%) OO
3 567 (14.85%) Software Engineering
4 495 (12.96%) Problem-Solving
5 478 (12.52%) Business Intelligence
5 478 (12.52%) MVC
6 477 (12.49%) Scrum
7 473 (12.39%) Computer Science
8 469 (12.28%) ETL
9 448 (11.73%) DevOps
10 425 (11.13%) Continuous Integration
11 410 (10.74%) TDD
12 401 (10.50%) Analytics
13 375 (9.82%) Microservices
14 353 (9.25%) Test Automation
15 328 (8.59%) Data Modelling
16 273 (7.15%) SDLC
17 270 (7.07%) Web Development
18 255 (6.68%) Mentoring
19 239 (6.26%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,119 (55.50%) SQL
2 1,363 (35.70%) Java
3 1,079 (28.26%) JavaScript
4 838 (21.95%) C#
5 835 (21.87%) Python
6 322 (8.43%) T-SQL
7 275 (7.20%) PHP
8 266 (6.97%) PL/SQL
9 241 (6.31%) C++
10 182 (4.77%) Ruby
11 174 (4.56%) Shell Script
12 172 (4.50%) PowerShell
13 157 (4.11%) Java 8
14 146 (3.82%) Scala
15 132 (3.46%) C
16 128 (3.35%) R
17 118 (3.09%) TypeScript
18 97 (2.54%) Go
19 91 (2.38%) Perl
20 75 (1.96%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 657 (17.21%) Degree
2 201 (5.26%) Computer Science Degree
3 154 (4.03%) Microsoft Certification
4 119 (3.12%) Security Cleared
5 71 (1.86%) MCSA
6 65 (1.70%) SC Cleared
7 56 (1.47%) Master's Degree
8 39 (1.02%) MCSE
9 38 (1.00%) PhD
10 36 (0.94%) Numerate Degree
11 24 (0.63%) DV Cleared
12 17 (0.45%) AWS Certification
13 15 (0.39%) ISEB
13 15 (0.39%) ITIL Certification
14 14 (0.37%) Postgraduate
15 13 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
15 13 (0.34%) MCDBA
16 9 (0.24%) ISTQB
16 9 (0.24%) MCP
16 9 (0.24%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 212 (5.55%) QA
2 134 (3.51%) Data Quality
3 64 (1.68%) SLA
4 60 (1.57%) GDPR
5 36 (0.94%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 15 (0.39%) ISO 9001
6 15 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 13 (0.34%) DICOM
8 9 (0.24%) IFRS
9 8 (0.21%) GAMP
10 7 (0.18%) PMO
11 6 (0.16%) PCI DSS
12 5 (0.13%) PSD2
13 3 (0.079%) Cyber Essentials
13 3 (0.079%) IFRS 9
13 3 (0.079%) MiFID
14 2 (0.052%) WCAG
System Software
1 337 (8.83%) Docker
2 108 (2.83%) Active Directory
3 74 (1.94%) VMware Infrastructure
4 49 (1.28%) HDFS
5 44 (1.15%) Oracle RAC
6 40 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
7 30 (0.79%) Hyper-V
8 18 (0.47%) Apache Flume
9 13 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 13 (0.34%) iptables
10 10 (0.26%) Firmware
10 10 (0.26%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
11 9 (0.24%) VirtualBox
12 7 (0.18%) Xen
13 4 (0.10%) LXC
13 4 (0.10%) Varnish
14 2 (0.052%) VMware ESXi
14 2 (0.052%) vSphere
14 2 (0.052%) XenServer
15 1 (0.026%) Shibboleth
Systems Management
1 185 (4.85%) Ansible
2 126 (3.30%) Kubernetes
3 121 (3.17%) Opscode Chef
4 108 (2.83%) Puppet
5 89 (2.33%) Terraform
6 53 (1.39%) Data Guard
7 43 (1.13%) Oracle RMAN
8 36 (0.94%) Mesos
9 34 (0.89%) Prometheus
10 32 (0.84%) Kibana
11 29 (0.76%) logstash
12 22 (0.58%) HP Quality Center
13 19 (0.50%) Nagios
13 19 (0.50%) Oozie
14 18 (0.47%) Consul
14 18 (0.47%) Salt
15 17 (0.45%) Single Sign-On
16 15 (0.39%) BMC PATROL
16 15 (0.39%) Control-M
17 14 (0.37%) Grafana
Vendors
1 1,131 (29.62%) Oracle
2 898 (23.52%) Microsoft
3 178 (4.66%) Google
4 121 (3.17%) SAP
5 116 (3.04%) Tableau
6 84 (2.20%) VMware
7 83 (2.17%) Red Hat
8 80 (2.10%) IBM
9 68 (1.78%) Salesforce.com
10 51 (1.34%) Adobe
11 50 (1.31%) Informatica
12 49 (1.28%) Sybase
13 41 (1.07%) hybris
14 38 (1.00%) Cognos
15 36 (0.94%) Teradata
16 35 (0.92%) Avaloq
17 34 (0.89%) Atlassian
17 34 (0.89%) Cloudera
18 33 (0.86%) Splunk
19 32 (0.84%) Hortonworks