Period
to 4 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 4 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
4 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 137 140 134
Rank change year-on-year +3 -6 -22
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 2,680 3,559 4,146
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.49% 2.59% 2.50%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.35% 9.17% 8.13%
Number of salaries quoted 2,128 2,998 3,292
Median annual salary £57,500 £53,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.48% +7.00% -
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £83,750 £80,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 28,653 38,816 51,026
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 26.65% 28.25% 30.76%
Number of salaries quoted 23,618 32,144 42,878
Median annual salary £53,900 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.67% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 4 April 2020.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 4 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +15 1,329 £67,500 +3.85% 116
South East -13 532 £50,000 -4.76% 56
North of England +1 329 £47,000 +4.44% 51
North West +8 194 £45,000 - 32
East of England +35 177 £55,000 - 21
Midlands -1 169 £45,000 +12.50% 23
South West -33 144 £40,750 -4.12% 25
West Midlands +11 128 £45,000 +12.50% 13
Yorkshire -12 103 £47,500 +5.56% 7
East Midlands -4 41 £45,000 +9.09% 10
North East +25 32 £37,750 +17.97% 12
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 4 April 2020, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,428 (53.28%) SQL
2 1,048 (39.10%) Agile Software Development
3 915 (34.14%) SQL Server
4 835 (31.16%) Java
5 833 (31.08%) RDBMS
6 703 (26.23%) JavaScript
7 676 (25.22%) Python
8 664 (24.78%) C#
9 654 (24.40%) AWS
10 591 (22.05%) .NET
11 570 (21.27%) Oracle
12 566 (21.12%) Software Engineering
13 547 (20.41%) Finance
14 525 (19.59%) HTML
15 497 (18.54%) Degree
16 470 (17.54%) CSS
17 465 (17.35%) Azure
18 461 (17.20%) MySQL
19 454 (16.94%) Microsoft
20 405 (15.11%) Scrum
21 403 (15.04%) Git (software)
22 399 (14.89%) Linux
23 398 (14.85%) OO
24 389 (14.51%) Computer Science
25 384 (14.33%) PostgreSQL
25 384 (14.33%) DevOps
26 375 (13.99%) AngularJS
27 364 (13.58%) Docker
28 355 (13.25%) Problem-Solving
29 350 (13.06%) NoSQL

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 149 (5.56%) Apache Spark
2 66 (2.46%) IIS
3 63 (2.35%) Apache
4 62 (2.31%) Elasticsearch
5 50 (1.87%) Confluence
6 48 (1.79%) Tomcat
7 44 (1.64%) SAS
8 38 (1.42%) SharePoint
9 26 (0.97%) Apache Airflow
10 22 (0.82%) JBoss
10 22 (0.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 21 (0.78%) CMS
11 21 (0.78%) Luigi
12 20 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
12 20 (0.75%) OpenStack
13 18 (0.67%) WebLogic
14 17 (0.63%) nginx
14 17 (0.63%) WebSphere
15 12 (0.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 9 (0.34%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 144 (5.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (0.78%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.26%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.22%) Camtasia
5 6 (0.22%) SPSS
6 5 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.037%) Gephi
8 1 (0.037%) GNU Octave
8 1 (0.037%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 25 (0.93%) Magento
2 15 (0.56%) WebTrends
3 13 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 7 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
6 6 (0.22%) FastStats
7 5 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
8 4 (0.15%) NetSuite
9 3 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
10 2 (0.075%) Oracle Applications
10 2 (0.075%) Oracle Cash Management
10 2 (0.075%) SAP Hybris
10 2 (0.075%) SDL Web 8
10 2 (0.075%) SimCorp Dimension
10 2 (0.075%) Unit4 Business World
11 1 (0.037%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 1 (0.037%) Elite 3E
11 1 (0.037%) Oracle ASCP
11 1 (0.037%) Oracle Payables
11 1 (0.037%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 654 (24.40%) AWS
2 465 (17.35%) Azure
3 160 (5.97%) GCP
4 143 (5.34%) SaaS
5 103 (3.84%) Power Platform
6 87 (3.25%) GitHub
7 74 (2.76%) Amazon EC2
8 71 (2.65%) Amazon S3
9 63 (2.35%) Serverless
10 52 (1.94%) Amazon SQS
11 40 (1.49%) Cloud Computing
12 38 (1.42%) IaaS
13 36 (1.34%) AWS Lambda
14 34 (1.27%) Amazon EMR
15 28 (1.04%) PaaS
16 26 (0.97%) Amazon Kinesis
16 26 (0.97%) OpenShift
17 21 (0.78%) npm
18 17 (0.63%) NuGet
18 17 (0.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 57 (2.13%) TCP/IP
2 56 (2.09%) Internet
3 52 (1.94%) HTTP
4 23 (0.86%) VPN
5 22 (0.82%) Firewall
6 17 (0.63%) SAN
7 13 (0.49%) Network Security
8 11 (0.41%) DNS
8 11 (0.41%) NAS
8 11 (0.41%) SSL
9 10 (0.37%) MQTT
10 9 (0.34%) ZigBee
11 8 (0.30%) Intranet
12 7 (0.26%) Extranet
13 6 (0.22%) PBX
13 6 (0.22%) SMS
14 5 (0.19%) Fibre Channel
14 5 (0.19%) iSCSI
15 4 (0.15%) InfiniBand
15 4 (0.15%) SWIFTNet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 915 (34.14%) SQL Server
2 833 (31.08%) RDBMS
3 461 (17.20%) MySQL
4 384 (14.33%) PostgreSQL
5 350 (13.06%) NoSQL
6 262 (9.78%) Data Warehouse
7 238 (8.88%) Big Data
8 168 (6.27%) MongoDB
9 161 (6.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 156 (5.82%) Hadoop
11 152 (5.67%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 110 (4.10%) Oracle Database
13 103 (3.84%) Power BI
14 100 (3.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 88 (3.28%) Amazon RDS
16 80 (2.99%) Amazon Redshift
17 77 (2.87%) Redis
18 75 (2.80%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 62 (2.31%) Apache Cassandra
20 57 (2.13%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 403 (15.04%) Git (software)
2 224 (8.36%) Jenkins
3 154 (5.75%) JIRA
4 101 (3.77%) Maven
5 96 (3.58%) Selenium
6 91 (3.40%) Visual Studio
7 87 (3.25%) JUnit
8 70 (2.61%) Team Foundation Server
9 56 (2.09%) webpack
10 41 (1.53%) TeamCity
11 34 (1.27%) Cucumber
11 34 (1.27%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
12 33 (1.23%) SoapUI
12 33 (1.23%) Sonatype Nexus
13 32 (1.19%) Grunt
13 32 (1.19%) gulp
14 31 (1.16%) HP UFT
14 31 (1.16%) LoadRunner
15 25 (0.93%) Vagrant
16 24 (0.90%) GitLab
General
1 547 (20.41%) Finance
2 114 (4.25%) Retail
3 103 (3.84%) Banking
4 58 (2.16%) Marketing
5 54 (2.01%) Public Sector
6 45 (1.68%) Games
7 34 (1.27%) Automotive
8 31 (1.16%) Manufacturing
9 30 (1.12%) Financial Institution
9 30 (1.12%) Legal
9 30 (1.12%) Telecoms
10 25 (0.93%) Law
11 24 (0.90%) Back Office
12 23 (0.86%) Front Office
13 21 (0.78%) Advertising
14 14 (0.52%) Police
15 13 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
16 12 (0.45%) Electronics
17 11 (0.41%) Russian Language
18 10 (0.37%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,266 (47.24%) Developer
2 330 (12.31%) Java Developer
3 273 (10.19%) Analyst
3 273 (10.19%) Senior Developer
4 235 (8.77%) C# Developer
5 212 (7.91%) Software Engineer
6 199 (7.43%) Software Developer
7 186 (6.94%) .NET Developer
8 185 (6.90%) Architect
9 150 (5.60%) Junior
10 149 (5.56%) Data Engineer
11 148 (5.52%) Python Developer
12 124 (4.63%) Junior Developer
13 114 (4.25%) Full Stack Developer
14 101 (3.77%) DBA
14 101 (3.77%) PHP Developer
15 100 (3.73%) Lead Developer
16 97 (3.62%) C# .NET Developer
17 93 (3.47%) Data Architect
18 91 (3.40%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 591 (22.05%) .NET
2 525 (19.59%) HTML
3 470 (17.54%) CSS
4 375 (13.99%) AngularJS
5 305 (11.38%) Spring
6 261 (9.74%) ASP.NET
7 254 (9.48%) RESTful
8 251 (9.37%) React
8 251 (9.37%) Web Services
9 245 (9.14%) REST
10 221 (8.25%) XML
11 213 (7.95%) .NET Framework
12 207 (7.72%) HTML5
13 189 (7.05%) Node.js
14 165 (6.16%) JSON
15 164 (6.12%) jQuery
16 150 (5.60%) .NET Core
17 149 (5.56%) CSS3
18 146 (5.45%) SOAP
19 132 (4.93%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 314 (11.72%) Analytical Skills
2 196 (7.31%) User Experience
3 190 (7.09%) Data Structures
4 162 (6.04%) Greenfield Project
5 140 (5.22%) Self-Motivation
6 126 (4.70%) Algorithms
7 97 (3.62%) Management Information System
8 93 (3.47%) Mobile App
9 88 (3.28%) Enterprise Software
10 78 (2.91%) Derivative
11 70 (2.61%) Hedge funds
12 53 (1.98%) Virtual Team
13 43 (1.60%) Linux Command Line
14 41 (1.53%) Replication
15 40 (1.49%) Public Cloud
16 32 (1.19%) Cloud Native
17 31 (1.16%) Pricing Data
18 29 (1.08%) Driving Licence
19 28 (1.04%) Data Centre
19 28 (1.04%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 399 (14.89%) Linux
2 222 (8.28%) Windows
3 177 (6.60%) Unix
4 88 (3.28%) Windows Server
5 34 (1.27%) Android
6 24 (0.90%) Apple iOS
7 23 (0.86%) CentOS
8 18 (0.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 14 (0.52%) Oracle Linux
9 14 (0.52%) Solaris
10 13 (0.49%) Ubuntu
11 11 (0.41%) AIX
12 9 (0.34%) Windows Server 2016
13 7 (0.26%) VMS
13 7 (0.26%) Windows Mobile
14 6 (0.22%) Mac OS
14 6 (0.22%) Mac OS X
14 6 (0.22%) Windows 10
15 5 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
16 4 (0.15%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,048 (39.10%) Agile Software Development
2 566 (21.12%) Software Engineering
3 405 (15.11%) Scrum
4 398 (14.85%) OO
5 389 (14.51%) Computer Science
6 384 (14.33%) DevOps
7 355 (13.25%) Problem-Solving
8 325 (12.13%) Microservices
9 304 (11.34%) MVC
10 289 (10.78%) TDD
11 287 (10.71%) Analytics
11 287 (10.71%) Test Automation
12 270 (10.07%) ETL
13 269 (10.04%) Business Intelligence
14 244 (9.10%) SDLC
15 233 (8.69%) Data Modelling
15 233 (8.69%) Mentoring
16 224 (8.36%) Data Science
17 217 (8.10%) Visualisation
18 212 (7.91%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 1,428 (53.28%) SQL
2 835 (31.16%) Java
3 703 (26.23%) JavaScript
4 676 (25.22%) Python
5 664 (24.78%) C#
6 231 (8.62%) PHP
6 231 (8.62%) T-SQL
7 181 (6.75%) C++
8 163 (6.08%) Scala
9 158 (5.90%) R
10 122 (4.55%) PL/SQL
11 110 (4.10%) TypeScript
12 106 (3.96%) C
13 100 (3.73%) Java 8
14 92 (3.43%) VB.NET
15 85 (3.17%) PowerShell
16 81 (3.02%) Ruby
17 78 (2.91%) Bash Shell
18 65 (2.43%) Shell Script
19 63 (2.35%) Perl
Qualifications
1 497 (18.54%) Degree
2 190 (7.09%) Computer Science Degree
3 74 (2.76%) Security Cleared
4 54 (2.01%) Microsoft Certification
5 47 (1.75%) SC Cleared
6 37 (1.38%) PhD
7 36 (1.34%) Master's Degree
8 24 (0.90%) Numerate Degree
9 18 (0.67%) AWS Certification
10 13 (0.49%) DV Cleared
11 12 (0.45%) Oracle Certification
12 10 (0.37%) HND
13 9 (0.34%) ISTQB
14 8 (0.30%) DBS Check
14 8 (0.30%) MBA
15 7 (0.26%) MCSD
16 6 (0.22%) ISEB
16 6 (0.22%) MCPD
17 5 (0.19%) MCP
17 5 (0.19%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 249 (9.29%) QA
2 84 (3.13%) Data Quality
3 65 (2.43%) GDPR
4 56 (2.09%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 43 (1.60%) SLA
6 31 (1.16%) PMO
7 30 (1.12%) DICOM
8 9 (0.34%) PCI DSS
9 6 (0.22%) ISO 9001
10 5 (0.19%) Actionable Recommendations
10 5 (0.19%) HL7
11 4 (0.15%) COBIT
11 4 (0.15%) NIST
12 3 (0.11%) CDISC
12 3 (0.11%) COSO
13 2 (0.075%) ISO 9000
13 2 (0.075%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 1 (0.037%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 1 (0.037%) PSD2
14 1 (0.037%) Solvency II
System Software
1 364 (13.58%) Docker
2 47 (1.75%) Active Directory
3 42 (1.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (0.75%) Apache Flume
5 17 (0.63%) Oracle RAC
6 14 (0.52%) HDFS
7 7 (0.26%) KVM
8 6 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 5 (0.19%) Hyper-V
10 4 (0.15%) GPFS
10 4 (0.15%) IAG
10 4 (0.15%) Lustre
10 4 (0.15%) Slurm Workload Manager
11 3 (0.11%) Oracle Clusterware
12 2 (0.075%) Virtual Machines
12 2 (0.075%) Virtual Servers
13 1 (0.037%) ACF2
13 1 (0.037%) GeoWebCache
13 1 (0.037%) VMware ESXi
13 1 (0.037%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 213 (7.95%) Kubernetes
2 61 (2.28%) Ansible
3 53 (1.98%) Terraform
4 41 (1.53%) Puppet
5 34 (1.27%) Opscode Chef
6 24 (0.90%) Kibana
7 21 (0.78%) Oozie
7 21 (0.78%) Prometheus
8 20 (0.75%) Grafana
9 17 (0.63%) Rancher
10 12 (0.45%) ZABBIX
11 11 (0.41%) Oracle RMAN
12 10 (0.37%) Data Guard
13 9 (0.34%) Istio
13 9 (0.34%) linkerd
13 9 (0.34%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 8 (0.30%) Packer
15 6 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
15 6 (0.22%) HP ALM
15 6 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 570 (21.27%) Oracle
2 454 (16.94%) Microsoft
3 147 (5.49%) Google
4 119 (4.44%) Tableau
5 82 (3.06%) Sybase
6 59 (2.20%) IBM
7 51 (1.90%) VMware
8 48 (1.79%) Xamarin
9 45 (1.68%) Zend
10 32 (1.19%) Red Hat
11 26 (0.97%) Cloudera
11 26 (0.97%) RedGate
12 24 (0.90%) WorldPay
13 23 (0.86%) Adobe
14 21 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
14 21 (0.78%) Talend
15 20 (0.75%) InterSystems
16 19 (0.71%) Cognos
16 19 (0.71%) Databricks
17 18 (0.67%) TIBCO