Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 109 150 142
Rank change year-on-year +41 -8 -25
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 3,045 1,529 3,426
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.05% 2.35% 2.57%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.85% 8.49% 9.24%
Number of salaries quoted 1,637 1,185 2,703
10th Percentile £36,250 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £53,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +8.49% +1.92%
75th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £101,250 £94,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 28,059 18,011 37,088
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 28.15% 27.65% 27.81%
Number of salaries quoted 19,055 14,944 31,026
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £56,914 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.48% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £73,750 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,000
% change year-on-year - +5.77% +4.00%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +47 1,791 £72,500 +7.41% 225
South East +15 549 £55,000 +10.00% 66
North of England -39 245 £50,000 +10.89% 119
South West +3 164 £48,500 +7.78% 42
Midlands -19 150 £45,000 +9.09% 55
Yorkshire -7 122 £50,000 +8.70% 36
West Midlands -6 114 £45,000 +12.50% 40
North West -54 107 £50,000 +10.66% 67
East of England -19 93 £55,000 - 26
East Midlands -44 34 £41,500 -2.35% 15
North East -15 16 £37,500 +17.63% 16
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,520 (49.92%) Agile Software Development
2 1,413 (46.40%) SQL
3 1,165 (38.26%) AWS
4 1,138 (37.37%) Java
5 1,023 (33.60%) Python
6 962 (31.59%) Finance
7 930 (30.54%) Software Engineering
8 903 (29.66%) Microservices
9 832 (27.32%) JavaScript
10 807 (26.50%) PostgreSQL
11 801 (26.31%) Social Skills
12 793 (26.04%) SQL Server
13 779 (25.58%) Git (software)
14 733 (24.07%) RDBMS
15 730 (23.97%) Azure
16 720 (23.65%) DevOps
17 686 (22.53%) Degree
18 683 (22.43%) NoSQL
19 682 (22.40%) Linux
20 660 (21.67%) React
21 637 (20.92%) Scrum
22 630 (20.69%) Spring
23 619 (20.33%) RESTful
24 614 (20.16%) MySQL
25 612 (20.10%) Docker
26 611 (20.07%) AngularJS
27 606 (19.90%) C#
28 589 (19.34%) Oracle
29 573 (18.82%) Node.js
30 571 (18.75%) Computer Science

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 287 (9.43%) Apache Spark
2 202 (6.63%) Apache
3 135 (4.43%) GemFire
4 126 (4.14%) Elasticsearch
5 97 (3.19%) Confluence
6 58 (1.90%) WebLogic
7 51 (1.67%) CMS
8 44 (1.44%) Tomcat
9 39 (1.28%) Cloud Foundry
10 38 (1.25%) Tornado
11 31 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
12 24 (0.79%) JBoss
13 21 (0.69%) Oracle Coherence
14 20 (0.66%) SAS
15 19 (0.62%) SharePoint
16 18 (0.59%) IIS
16 18 (0.59%) nginx
17 17 (0.56%) Oracle Workflow
18 16 (0.53%) Luigi
18 16 (0.53%) WebSphere
Applications
1 77 (2.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 46 (1.51%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (0.59%) Adobe Illustrator
3 18 (0.59%) Photoshop
4 17 (0.56%) GIMP
5 13 (0.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 11 (0.36%) MS Visio
7 10 (0.33%) InVision
7 10 (0.33%) Sketch
8 6 (0.20%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.066%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.066%) Oracle Smart View
9 2 (0.066%) SPSS
9 2 (0.066%) Stata
10 1 (0.033%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 20 (0.66%) Distributed Ledger
2 13 (0.43%) NetSuite
2 13 (0.43%) Shopify
3 11 (0.36%) Magento
4 10 (0.33%) Primavera
5 8 (0.26%) Remedy ITSM
6 6 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
7 5 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
7 5 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
7 5 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 4 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
8 4 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
9 3 (0.099%) Oracle Applications
10 2 (0.066%) Oracle Assets
10 2 (0.066%) Oracle EBS
10 2 (0.066%) Oracle ERP
10 2 (0.066%) Oracle General Ledger
10 2 (0.066%) Oracle Payables
10 2 (0.066%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 2 (0.066%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,165 (38.26%) AWS
2 730 (23.97%) Azure
3 371 (12.18%) GCP
4 342 (11.23%) GitHub
5 273 (8.97%) Serverless
6 215 (7.06%) Power Platform
7 206 (6.77%) Amazon Kinesis
8 182 (5.98%) SaaS
9 164 (5.39%) Amazon EC2
10 136 (4.47%) AWS Lambda
11 111 (3.65%) Amazon ECS
12 91 (2.99%) Snowflake
13 83 (2.73%) Amazon S3
14 82 (2.69%) Amazon SQS
15 77 (2.53%) PaaS
16 55 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
17 53 (1.74%) OpenShift
18 46 (1.51%) Azure Data Factory
19 41 (1.35%) IaaS
20 35 (1.15%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 133 (4.37%) HTTP
2 64 (2.10%) Internet
3 38 (1.25%) Firewall
4 22 (0.72%) Network Security
4 22 (0.72%) TCP/IP
5 17 (0.56%) DNS
6 13 (0.43%) SMTP
6 13 (0.43%) SSL
7 9 (0.30%) FTP
7 9 (0.30%) SAN
7 9 (0.30%) VPN
8 8 (0.26%) SMS
9 7 (0.23%) Broadband
10 6 (0.20%) 5G
10 6 (0.20%) SSH
11 5 (0.16%) SNMP
12 4 (0.13%) DSL
12 4 (0.13%) MQTT
12 4 (0.13%) NAS
13 3 (0.099%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 807 (26.50%) PostgreSQL
2 793 (26.04%) SQL Server
3 733 (24.07%) RDBMS
4 683 (22.43%) NoSQL
5 614 (20.16%) MySQL
6 291 (9.56%) Big Data
7 287 (9.43%) MongoDB
8 263 (8.64%) Data Warehouse
9 258 (8.47%) Redis
10 211 (6.93%) Power BI
11 203 (6.67%) MariaDB
12 195 (6.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 182 (5.98%) HBase
14 155 (5.09%) Oracle Database
15 149 (4.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 142 (4.66%) Hadoop
17 141 (4.63%) Tableau
18 124 (4.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 113 (3.71%) Data Lake
20 99 (3.25%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 779 (25.58%) Git (software)
2 489 (16.06%) Jenkins
3 203 (6.67%) JUnit
4 201 (6.60%) Gradle
4 201 (6.60%) JIRA
5 197 (6.47%) IntelliJ
6 189 (6.21%) Cucumber
7 184 (6.04%) Eclipse
8 167 (5.48%) Sonatype Nexus
9 164 (5.39%) Cypress.io
10 139 (4.56%) Mockito
11 136 (4.47%) Protractor
12 134 (4.40%) Storybook
13 130 (4.27%) Artifactory
14 109 (3.58%) Maven
15 80 (2.63%) TeamCity
16 79 (2.59%) SonarQube
17 73 (2.40%) Bitbucket
18 56 (1.84%) Selenium
19 55 (1.81%) Visual Studio
General
1 962 (31.59%) Finance
2 801 (26.31%) Social Skills
3 480 (15.76%) Banking
4 280 (9.20%) Analytical Skills
5 233 (7.65%) Law
6 205 (6.73%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 179 (5.88%) Retail
8 154 (5.06%) Games
9 148 (4.86%) Marketing
10 124 (4.07%) Presentation Skills
11 83 (2.73%) Legal
12 80 (2.63%) Advertising
13 78 (2.56%) Investment Banking
14 71 (2.33%) Public Sector
15 60 (1.97%) Back Office
16 56 (1.84%) Front Office
17 45 (1.48%) Manufacturing
18 43 (1.41%) Influencing Skills
18 43 (1.41%) Telecoms
19 35 (1.15%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 1,296 (42.56%) Developer
2 552 (18.13%) Software Engineer
3 312 (10.25%) Java Developer
4 270 (8.87%) Senior Developer
5 206 (6.77%) Software Developer
6 190 (6.24%) Java Engineer
7 177 (5.81%) Architect
8 153 (5.02%) Full Stack Developer
9 151 (4.96%) Senior Software Engineer
10 145 (4.76%) Analyst
11 133 (4.37%) Data Engineer
12 112 (3.68%) Python Developer
13 107 (3.51%) Principal Engineer
14 106 (3.48%) Python Engineer
15 103 (3.38%) .NET Developer
16 98 (3.22%) Lead Developer
17 96 (3.15%) PHP Developer
18 95 (3.12%) AWS Engineer
19 93 (3.05%) Principal Software Engineer
20 89 (2.92%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 660 (21.67%) React
2 630 (20.69%) Spring
3 619 (20.33%) RESTful
4 611 (20.07%) AngularJS
5 573 (18.82%) Node.js
6 540 (17.73%) CSS
7 506 (16.62%) REST
8 504 (16.55%) .NET
9 498 (16.35%) HTML
10 439 (14.42%) Kafka
11 436 (14.32%) Web Services
12 344 (11.30%) JSON
13 295 (9.69%) RabbitMQ
14 221 (7.26%) Redux
15 219 (7.19%) Spring Boot
16 218 (7.16%) HTML5
17 211 (6.93%) XML
18 199 (6.54%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 183 (6.01%) .NET Framework
20 174 (5.71%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 235 (7.72%) User Experience
2 150 (4.93%) Linux Command Line
3 143 (4.70%) Data Structures
4 122 (4.01%) Enterprise Software
5 110 (3.61%) Algorithms
6 108 (3.55%) Mobile App
7 107 (3.51%) Blog
7 107 (3.51%) Virtual Team
8 82 (2.69%) Self-Motivation
9 81 (2.66%) Hedge funds
10 74 (2.43%) Derivative
11 73 (2.40%) Legacy Systems
12 72 (2.36%) Greenfield Project
13 71 (2.33%) Cloud Native
14 64 (2.10%) Pricing Data
15 63 (2.07%) Management Information System
16 56 (1.84%) Clustering
17 47 (1.54%) Digital Media
17 47 (1.54%) Fixed Income
18 41 (1.35%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 682 (22.40%) Linux
2 427 (14.02%) Unix
3 198 (6.50%) Windows
4 59 (1.94%) Android
5 39 (1.28%) Windows Server
6 38 (1.25%) Apple iOS
7 18 (0.59%) Solaris
8 17 (0.56%) Mac OS X
9 11 (0.36%) Ubuntu
10 10 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 6 (0.20%) CentOS
11 6 (0.20%) Mac OS
12 3 (0.099%) AIX
13 2 (0.066%) Alpine Linux
13 2 (0.066%) Debian
13 2 (0.066%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.066%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.066%) Windows Server 2016
13 2 (0.066%) zOS
14 1 (0.033%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,520 (49.92%) Agile Software Development
2 930 (30.54%) Software Engineering
3 903 (29.66%) Microservices
4 720 (23.65%) DevOps
5 637 (20.92%) Scrum
6 571 (18.75%) Computer Science
7 530 (17.41%) TDD
8 516 (16.95%) OO
9 494 (16.22%) Problem-Solving
9 494 (16.22%) Test Automation
10 416 (13.66%) Analytics
11 352 (11.56%) Business Intelligence
12 339 (11.13%) Continuous Integration
13 309 (10.15%) Open Source
14 296 (9.72%) SDLC
15 291 (9.56%) Mentoring
16 287 (9.43%) BDD
17 278 (9.13%) Software Testing
18 275 (9.03%) ETL
19 272 (8.93%) Clean Code
Programming Languages
1 1,413 (46.40%) SQL
2 1,138 (37.37%) Java
3 1,023 (33.60%) Python
4 832 (27.32%) JavaScript
5 606 (19.90%) C#
6 267 (8.77%) TypeScript
7 238 (7.82%) PHP
8 187 (6.14%) Shell Script
9 173 (5.68%) T-SQL
10 167 (5.48%) Groovy
11 153 (5.02%) C++
12 129 (4.24%) Scala
13 125 (4.11%) PL/SQL
14 99 (3.25%) Java 8
15 93 (3.05%) R
16 91 (2.99%) Ruby
17 90 (2.96%) PowerShell
18 81 (2.66%) C
19 75 (2.46%) Go
20 64 (2.10%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 686 (22.53%) Degree
2 214 (7.03%) Computer Science Degree
3 132 (4.33%) Oracle Certification
4 130 (4.27%) OCP
5 74 (2.43%) Master's Degree
6 57 (1.87%) Security Cleared
7 55 (1.81%) Microsoft Certification
8 49 (1.61%) SC Cleared
9 45 (1.48%) Numerate Degree
10 21 (0.69%) AWS Certification
11 16 (0.53%) PhD
12 8 (0.26%) MBA
12 8 (0.26%) MCSE
13 7 (0.23%) DBS Check
13 7 (0.23%) ISEB
13 7 (0.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 6 (0.20%) CBAP
14 6 (0.20%) CEH
14 6 (0.20%) MCDBA
14 6 (0.20%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 281 (9.23%) QA
2 103 (3.38%) Data Quality
3 69 (2.27%) GDPR
4 24 (0.79%) EMIR
4 24 (0.79%) MiFID
5 20 (0.66%) PMO
6 16 (0.53%) Accessibility
7 10 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.23%) CDISC
8 7 (0.23%) Good Clinical Practice
8 7 (0.23%) PCI DSS
8 7 (0.23%) WAI
9 6 (0.20%) IFRS
9 6 (0.20%) NIST
10 5 (0.16%) HL7
10 5 (0.16%) Solvency II
11 3 (0.099%) GRC
11 3 (0.099%) IEC 62304
11 3 (0.099%) PSD2
11 3 (0.099%) WCAG
System Software
1 612 (20.10%) Docker
2 140 (4.60%) HDFS
3 96 (3.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (0.56%) Oracle RAC
5 11 (0.36%) Active Directory
6 7 (0.23%) Hyper-V
7 4 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (0.099%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.066%) iptables
9 2 (0.066%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 2 (0.066%) NFS
9 2 (0.066%) Postfix
9 2 (0.066%) Sendmail
9 2 (0.066%) XenApp
10 1 (0.033%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.033%) Firmware
10 1 (0.033%) GridGain
10 1 (0.033%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.033%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 513 (16.85%) Kubernetes
2 280 (9.20%) Ansible
3 204 (6.70%) Terraform
4 109 (3.58%) Opscode Chef
5 67 (2.20%) Puppet
6 56 (1.84%) Docker Swarm
7 32 (1.05%) Grafana
8 17 (0.56%) Prometheus
9 13 (0.43%) Data Guard
10 12 (0.39%) Kibana
11 11 (0.36%) Oracle RMAN
12 9 (0.30%) HAProxy
12 9 (0.30%) Istio
13 5 (0.16%) HP ALM
13 5 (0.16%) HP Fortify
13 5 (0.16%) MIIS
13 5 (0.16%) WebInspect
13 5 (0.16%) Zipkin
14 4 (0.13%) Pingdom
14 4 (0.13%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 589 (19.34%) Oracle
2 359 (11.79%) Microsoft
3 235 (7.72%) Google
4 164 (5.39%) VMware
5 134 (4.40%) Okta
6 132 (4.33%) Sybase
7 98 (3.22%) Salesforce.com
8 67 (2.20%) IBM
9 48 (1.58%) Splunk
10 41 (1.35%) Facebook
11 39 (1.28%) SAP
12 37 (1.22%) Zend
13 35 (1.15%) Databricks
13 35 (1.15%) Talend
14 31 (1.02%) ServiceNow
15 30 (0.99%) Atlassian
16 29 (0.95%) Solace
17 28 (0.92%) Snapchat
18 24 (0.79%) Adobe
18 24 (0.79%) Xamarin