Period
to 6 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 6 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
6 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 137 119 125
Rank change year-on-year -18 +6 -14
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 3,202 4,212 4,536
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.57% 2.79% 2.69%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.57% 9.69% 8.91%
Number of salaries quoted 2,472 3,399 3,409
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £83,750 £78,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 33,450 43,469 50,925
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 26.83% 28.81% 30.19%
Number of salaries quoted 27,944 36,007 42,383
England median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,000 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 6 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 6 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -6 1,517 £70,000 +16.67% 215
South East -47 531 £47,500 -9.52% 95
North of England +19 455 £45,412 +0.92% 86
East of England +43 268 £55,000 +22.22% 45
North West +26 234 £50,000 +11.11% 51
South West -11 225 £42,500 -5.56% 25
Midlands -26 202 £45,000 +3.45% 58
Yorkshire +31 199 £47,500 +5.56% 26
West Midlands -35 133 £45,000 - 36
East Midlands +4 66 £45,000 +5.88% 22
North East +3 22 £39,000 +4.00% 9
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 6 December 2019, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,759 (54.93%) SQL
2 1,219 (38.07%) Agile Software Development
3 1,175 (36.70%) SQL Server
4 1,022 (31.92%) RDBMS
5 966 (30.17%) Java
6 816 (25.48%) Oracle
7 754 (23.55%) C#
8 689 (21.52%) JavaScript
9 674 (21.05%) Finance
10 670 (20.92%) AWS
11 661 (20.64%) .NET
12 629 (19.64%) Software Engineering
13 627 (19.58%) Python
14 625 (19.52%) MySQL
15 621 (19.39%) Microsoft
16 613 (19.14%) Azure
17 555 (17.33%) HTML
18 503 (15.71%) DevOps
19 486 (15.18%) Degree
20 477 (14.90%) Linux
21 475 (14.83%) CSS
22 470 (14.68%) Problem-Solving
23 461 (14.40%) OO
24 442 (13.80%) Scrum
25 432 (13.49%) PostgreSQL
26 416 (12.99%) Microservices
27 399 (12.46%) ETL
27 399 (12.46%) Git (software)
28 389 (12.15%) Analytical Skills
29 382 (11.93%) Computer Science

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 162 (5.06%) Apache Spark
2 107 (3.34%) Elasticsearch
3 81 (2.53%) JBoss
4 71 (2.22%) Apache
5 70 (2.19%) CMS
6 62 (1.94%) Tomcat
7 61 (1.91%) IIS
8 57 (1.78%) SharePoint
9 52 (1.62%) WebSphere
10 48 (1.50%) Confluence
11 33 (1.03%) Apache Solr
11 33 (1.03%) SAS
12 32 (1.00%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 26 (0.81%) Umbraco
13 26 (0.81%) WebLogic
14 20 (0.62%) Apache Airflow
14 20 (0.62%) nginx
15 19 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
16 17 (0.53%) Luigi
17 16 (0.50%) Drupal
Applications
1 189 (5.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 47 (1.47%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (0.66%) Spreadsheet
4 20 (0.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.12%) GNU Octave
5 4 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.12%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.094%) CATIA
7 2 (0.062%) SPSS
8 1 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.031%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.031%) InfoPath
8 1 (0.031%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.031%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 59 (1.84%) Magento
2 32 (1.00%) SDL Web 8
3 29 (0.91%) WebTrends
4 26 (0.81%) Dynamics CRM
5 24 (0.75%) SAP Hybris
6 16 (0.50%) Oracle Applications
7 13 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
8 12 (0.37%) FastStats
9 11 (0.34%) Oracle Payables
10 10 (0.31%) Oracle Cash Management
10 10 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
11 9 (0.28%) Oracle EBS R12
12 7 (0.22%) PolarLake
13 6 (0.19%) OPENHousing
14 5 (0.16%) NetSuite
14 5 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
14 5 (0.16%) Unit4 Business World
15 4 (0.12%) OpenText VIM for SAP
15 4 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
16 3 (0.094%) FastStats PeopleStage
Cloud Services
1 670 (20.92%) AWS
2 613 (19.14%) Azure
3 218 (6.81%) GCP
4 166 (5.18%) SaaS
5 149 (4.65%) Power Platform
6 115 (3.59%) GitHub
7 97 (3.03%) Serverless
8 89 (2.78%) Cloud Computing
9 44 (1.37%) PaaS
10 42 (1.31%) Amazon EC2
11 41 (1.28%) Amazon S3
11 41 (1.28%) Dynamics 365
12 39 (1.22%) Amazon SQS
13 38 (1.19%) OpenShift
14 36 (1.12%) Office 365
15 34 (1.06%) IaaS
16 33 (1.03%) AWS CloudFormation
17 31 (0.97%) npm
18 23 (0.72%) Amazon Kinesis
18 23 (0.72%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 99 (3.09%) Internet
2 87 (2.72%) HTTP
3 48 (1.50%) TCP/IP
4 24 (0.75%) Firewall
4 24 (0.75%) SAN
5 23 (0.72%) NAS
6 22 (0.69%) VPN
7 15 (0.47%) SSL
8 13 (0.41%) DNS
9 11 (0.34%) CTI
9 11 (0.34%) VoIP
10 10 (0.31%) SMS
11 8 (0.25%) FTP
11 8 (0.25%) HTTPS
11 8 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
12 6 (0.19%) DHCP
12 6 (0.19%) DSL
12 6 (0.19%) Multicast
12 6 (0.19%) Network Security
12 6 (0.19%) PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,175 (36.70%) SQL Server
2 1,022 (31.92%) RDBMS
3 625 (19.52%) MySQL
4 432 (13.49%) PostgreSQL
5 343 (10.71%) Data Warehouse
6 313 (9.78%) NoSQL
7 257 (8.03%) Big Data
8 248 (7.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 210 (6.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 206 (6.43%) MongoDB
11 149 (4.65%) Power BI
12 142 (4.43%) Oracle Database
13 140 (4.37%) Hadoop
14 91 (2.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 78 (2.44%) Apache Cassandra
16 76 (2.37%) Amazon Aurora
17 71 (2.22%) Apache Hive
18 69 (2.15%) Amazon Redshift
19 67 (2.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 66 (2.06%) Redis
Development Applications
1 399 (12.46%) Git (software)
2 234 (7.31%) Jenkins
3 192 (6.00%) JIRA
4 123 (3.84%) Maven
5 105 (3.28%) Selenium
6 102 (3.19%) JUnit
7 93 (2.90%) Team Foundation Server
8 84 (2.62%) TeamCity
9 75 (2.34%) Subversion
10 74 (2.31%) Visual Studio
11 55 (1.72%) Cucumber
12 53 (1.66%) webpack
13 51 (1.59%) Ant
14 40 (1.25%) Sonatype Nexus
15 38 (1.19%) CircleCI
16 37 (1.16%) Oracle Forms
17 34 (1.06%) GitLab
17 34 (1.06%) JMeter
17 34 (1.06%) SonarQube
18 31 (0.97%) Hudson
General
1 674 (21.05%) Finance
2 225 (7.03%) Banking
3 159 (4.97%) Retail
4 124 (3.87%) Marketing
5 61 (1.91%) Front Office
6 53 (1.66%) Manufacturing
7 52 (1.62%) Public Sector
8 49 (1.53%) Legal
8 49 (1.53%) Telecoms
9 41 (1.28%) Investment Banking
10 39 (1.22%) Automotive
11 38 (1.19%) French Language
11 38 (1.19%) German Language
12 34 (1.06%) Games
13 32 (1.00%) Law
14 27 (0.84%) Back Office
15 25 (0.78%) Private Banking
16 24 (0.75%) Advertising
17 21 (0.66%) Electronics
18 20 (0.62%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,441 (45.00%) Developer
2 414 (12.93%) Java Developer
3 308 (9.62%) Senior Developer
4 307 (9.59%) Software Engineer
5 282 (8.81%) Analyst
6 256 (8.00%) C# Developer
7 253 (7.90%) Architect
8 227 (7.09%) Software Developer
9 225 (7.03%) .NET Developer
10 202 (6.31%) DBA
11 148 (4.62%) Consultant
12 147 (4.59%) Junior
13 144 (4.50%) Data Engineer
13 144 (4.50%) Python Developer
14 142 (4.43%) SQL Developer
15 129 (4.03%) Administrator
16 118 (3.69%) Java Engineer
17 117 (3.65%) Junior Developer
18 111 (3.47%) C# .NET Developer
18 111 (3.47%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 661 (20.64%) .NET
2 555 (17.33%) HTML
3 475 (14.83%) CSS
4 358 (11.18%) AngularJS
5 338 (10.56%) Web Services
6 323 (10.09%) Spring
7 296 (9.24%) RESTful
8 291 (9.09%) ASP.NET
9 263 (8.21%) XML
10 238 (7.43%) jQuery
11 234 (7.31%) Node.js
12 233 (7.28%) .NET Framework
13 231 (7.21%) REST
14 201 (6.28%) React
15 180 (5.62%) JSON
16 176 (5.50%) HTML5
17 172 (5.37%) J2EE
18 132 (4.12%) ASP.NET MVC
19 129 (4.03%) Vue.js
20 125 (3.90%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 389 (12.15%) Analytical Skills
2 239 (7.46%) Self-Motivation
3 179 (5.59%) User Experience
4 152 (4.75%) Data Structures
5 142 (4.43%) Greenfield Project
6 134 (4.18%) Management Information System
7 129 (4.03%) Algorithms
8 121 (3.78%) Mobile App
9 96 (3.00%) Derivative
10 67 (2.09%) Pricing Data
11 63 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
12 60 (1.87%) Replication
13 57 (1.78%) Hedge funds
14 56 (1.75%) Virtual Team
15 53 (1.66%) Client/Server
16 48 (1.50%) Clustering
16 48 (1.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 42 (1.31%) Cloud Native
17 42 (1.31%) Equities
18 41 (1.28%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 477 (14.90%) Linux
2 318 (9.93%) Windows
3 259 (8.09%) Unix
4 100 (3.12%) Windows Server
5 52 (1.62%) Android
6 39 (1.22%) Apple iOS
7 25 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 21 (0.66%) Solaris
8 21 (0.66%) Windows Server 2012
9 19 (0.59%) CentOS
10 17 (0.53%) Oracle Linux
11 12 (0.37%) Mac OS
12 11 (0.34%) AIX
13 10 (0.31%) Ubuntu
13 10 (0.31%) Windows Mobile
14 8 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
15 6 (0.19%) VME
16 5 (0.16%) Windows 7
16 5 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
17 4 (0.12%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,219 (38.07%) Agile Software Development
2 629 (19.64%) Software Engineering
3 503 (15.71%) DevOps
4 470 (14.68%) Problem-Solving
5 461 (14.40%) OO
6 442 (13.80%) Scrum
7 416 (12.99%) Microservices
8 399 (12.46%) ETL
9 382 (11.93%) Computer Science
10 360 (11.24%) Analytics
11 338 (10.56%) Business Intelligence
12 332 (10.37%) MVC
13 329 (10.27%) TDD
14 290 (9.06%) Data Modelling
15 269 (8.40%) Continuous Integration
16 262 (8.18%) Test Automation
17 247 (7.71%) Mentoring
17 247 (7.71%) Project Management
18 238 (7.43%) SDLC
19 237 (7.40%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,759 (54.93%) SQL
2 966 (30.17%) Java
3 754 (23.55%) C#
4 689 (21.52%) JavaScript
5 627 (19.58%) Python
6 257 (8.03%) T-SQL
7 221 (6.90%) PHP
8 200 (6.25%) C++
9 140 (4.37%) VB.NET
10 138 (4.31%) PL/SQL
11 130 (4.06%) R
12 116 (3.62%) Scala
13 104 (3.25%) C
13 104 (3.25%) PowerShell
14 95 (2.97%) Bash Shell
15 89 (2.78%) Java 8
16 85 (2.65%) TypeScript
17 82 (2.56%) Ruby
18 79 (2.47%) Shell Script
19 59 (1.84%) Perl
Qualifications
1 486 (15.18%) Degree
2 177 (5.53%) Computer Science Degree
3 75 (2.34%) Security Cleared
4 47 (1.47%) Master's Degree
5 45 (1.41%) SC Cleared
6 43 (1.34%) Microsoft Certification
7 39 (1.22%) PhD
8 31 (0.97%) Numerate Degree
9 23 (0.72%) HND
9 23 (0.72%) ISTQB
10 18 (0.56%) DV Cleared
11 16 (0.50%) MCP
12 15 (0.47%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 15 (0.47%) MCAD
12 15 (0.47%) MCTS
13 14 (0.44%) MBA
14 13 (0.41%) MCPD
15 12 (0.37%) Oracle Certification
16 9 (0.28%) MCSD
17 8 (0.25%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 203 (6.34%) QA
2 108 (3.37%) Data Quality
3 43 (1.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 42 (1.31%) GDPR
5 37 (1.16%) SLA
6 27 (0.84%) DICOM
7 8 (0.25%) PCI DSS
8 7 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 6 (0.19%) HL7
9 6 (0.19%) ISO 9001
9 6 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 5 (0.16%) PMO
11 3 (0.094%) CDISC
12 2 (0.062%) Cyber Essentials
12 2 (0.062%) EMIR
12 2 (0.062%) MiFID
13 1 (0.031%) COBIT
13 1 (0.031%) NIST
13 1 (0.031%) PSD2
System Software
1 343 (10.71%) Docker
2 72 (2.25%) Active Directory
3 56 (1.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 37 (1.16%) Oracle RAC
5 9 (0.28%) Firmware
6 8 (0.25%) HDFS
6 8 (0.25%) Hyper-V
7 7 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
8 6 (0.19%) GridGain
8 6 (0.19%) vCloud
9 5 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
9 5 (0.16%) vSphere
10 4 (0.12%) Xen
10 4 (0.12%) XenApp
11 3 (0.094%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.094%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 3 (0.094%) Terminal Server
11 3 (0.094%) Virtual Machines
12 2 (0.062%) IAG
12 2 (0.062%) KVM
Systems Management
1 213 (6.65%) Kubernetes
2 116 (3.62%) Ansible
3 94 (2.94%) Puppet
4 88 (2.75%) Opscode Chef
5 68 (2.12%) Terraform
6 31 (0.97%) Data Guard
7 26 (0.81%) Grafana
7 26 (0.81%) Oracle RMAN
8 25 (0.78%) Prometheus
9 20 (0.62%) Oozie
10 18 (0.56%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 13 (0.41%) Kibana
12 12 (0.37%) HP ALM
12 12 (0.37%) Istio
12 12 (0.37%) linkerd
13 11 (0.34%) Cisco CUCM
14 9 (0.28%) HP Quality Center
14 9 (0.28%) Nagios
14 9 (0.28%) SCCM
14 9 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 816 (25.48%) Oracle
2 621 (19.39%) Microsoft
3 168 (5.25%) Google
4 111 (3.47%) Sybase
4 111 (3.47%) Tableau
5 80 (2.50%) VMware
6 74 (2.31%) WorldPay
7 73 (2.28%) SAP
8 72 (2.25%) Salesforce.com
9 59 (1.84%) Adobe
10 54 (1.69%) IBM
11 52 (1.62%) Red Hat
12 45 (1.41%) RedGate
13 43 (1.34%) Talend
14 41 (1.28%) Atlassian
14 41 (1.28%) Informatica
15 34 (1.06%) hybris
16 32 (1.00%) Elastic Path
16 32 (1.00%) Interwoven
17 30 (0.94%) Avaloq