Period
to 1 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 1 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
1 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 144 137 115
Rank change year-on-year -7 -22 0
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 1,025 3,326 4,469
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.32% 2.57% 2.89%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.08% 9.51% 9.77%
Number of salaries quoted 920 2,683 3,650
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,599 £32,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £83,750
UK median annual salary £53,750 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -2.27% +10.00% -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 12,690 34,969 45,724
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 28.74% 26.99% 29.62%
Number of salaries quoted 10,689 28,895 37,449
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £83,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 1 October 2020.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 1 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -30 453 £67,500 -3.57% 88
South East +28 205 £50,000 +5.26% 61
North of England -11 129 £45,000 - 50
Midlands +52 92 £47,500 +18.75% 28
South West +34 91 £47,500 +5.56% 19
North West -7 72 £47,500 +5.56% 29
East of England 0 53 £60,000 +9.09% 13
Yorkshire +28 50 £43,000 -4.44% 15
East Midlands +62 49 £42,500 +13.33% 11
West Midlands +39 43 £47,500 +13.77% 17
North East +9 7 £52,500 +34.62% 6
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 1 October 2020, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 464 (45.27%) SQL
2 424 (41.37%) Agile Software Development
3 364 (35.51%) JavaScript
4 359 (35.02%) SQL Server
5 299 (29.17%) AWS
6 276 (26.93%) RDBMS
7 274 (26.73%) Python
8 270 (26.34%) Java
9 269 (26.24%) C#
10 243 (23.71%) .NET
11 239 (23.32%) Finance
11 239 (23.32%) Degree
12 213 (20.78%) HTML
13 208 (20.29%) CSS
14 200 (19.51%) DevOps
15 198 (19.32%) Azure
16 187 (18.24%) MySQL
17 179 (17.46%) NoSQL
18 177 (17.27%) Software Engineering
19 175 (17.07%) Microsoft
19 175 (17.07%) Git (software)
20 171 (16.68%) Oracle
21 167 (16.29%) TDD
22 158 (15.41%) Microservices
23 157 (15.32%) Data Modelling
24 156 (15.22%) OO
25 155 (15.12%) Computer Science
26 151 (14.73%) Business Intelligence
27 148 (14.44%) Linux
28 146 (14.24%) Problem-Solving

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (5.27%) Apache Spark
2 32 (3.12%) Elasticsearch
3 30 (2.93%) Apache
4 17 (1.66%) IIS
5 13 (1.27%) Apache Airflow
5 13 (1.27%) CMS
6 12 (1.17%) Confluence
6 12 (1.17%) nginx
6 12 (1.17%) SharePoint
6 12 (1.17%) Tomcat
7 10 (0.98%) Luigi
7 10 (0.98%) WebSphere
8 7 (0.68%) SAS
9 6 (0.59%) OpenStack
10 5 (0.49%) Apache Synapse
10 5 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
10 5 (0.49%) MS Exchange
10 5 (0.49%) WordPress
11 4 (0.39%) Drupal
11 4 (0.39%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 31 (3.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (1.27%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.39%) Camtasia
3 4 (0.39%) MadCap Flare
3 4 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
3 4 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
4 3 (0.29%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.20%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.098%) Adobe Premiere
6 1 (0.098%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (0.59%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (0.39%) SAP IS-U
3 3 (0.29%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.20%) FastStats
4 2 (0.20%) Magento
4 2 (0.20%) Maximo
4 2 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.098%) FLEXCUBE
5 1 (0.098%) JDE EnterpriseOne
5 1 (0.098%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 1 (0.098%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.098%) Primavera
5 1 (0.098%) Shopify
5 1 (0.098%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 299 (29.17%) AWS
2 198 (19.32%) Azure
3 54 (5.27%) GCP
3 54 (5.27%) Power Platform
4 35 (3.41%) GitHub
5 34 (3.32%) SaaS
6 33 (3.22%) Cloud Computing
7 30 (2.93%) Serverless
8 26 (2.54%) IaaS
9 25 (2.44%) Amazon EC2
10 23 (2.24%) Amazon ECS
10 23 (2.24%) Amazon S3
11 21 (2.05%) OpenShift
12 18 (1.76%) AWS Lambda
12 18 (1.76%) PaaS
13 17 (1.66%) npm
14 12 (1.17%) Amazon EMR
15 11 (1.07%) AWS CloudFormation
16 10 (0.98%) Amazon Kinesis
16 10 (0.98%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 31 (3.02%) HTTP
2 19 (1.85%) Internet
3 16 (1.56%) TCP/IP
4 15 (1.46%) SAN
5 14 (1.37%) Firewall
5 14 (1.37%) Network Security
6 12 (1.17%) AMQP
6 12 (1.17%) DNS
7 10 (0.98%) SNMP
8 9 (0.88%) DHCP
9 8 (0.78%) Kerberos
9 8 (0.78%) VPN
10 7 (0.68%) 5G
11 6 (0.59%) Fibre Channel
11 6 (0.59%) iSCSI
11 6 (0.59%) VoIP
12 5 (0.49%) IPv6
13 4 (0.39%) FIX Connectivity
13 4 (0.39%) Unified Communications
14 3 (0.29%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 359 (35.02%) SQL Server
2 276 (26.93%) RDBMS
3 187 (18.24%) MySQL
4 179 (17.46%) NoSQL
5 137 (13.37%) PostgreSQL
6 104 (10.15%) Big Data
7 87 (8.49%) Data Warehouse
8 79 (7.71%) MongoDB
9 61 (5.95%) Hadoop
10 55 (5.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 54 (5.27%) Power BI
11 54 (5.27%) Redis
12 50 (4.88%) Oracle Database
13 49 (4.78%) Amazon Redshift
13 49 (4.78%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 42 (4.10%) Data Lake
15 41 (4.00%) Apache Cassandra
16 31 (3.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 29 (2.83%) Snowflake Schema
18 25 (2.44%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 175 (17.07%) Git (software)
2 74 (7.22%) Jenkins
3 39 (3.80%) JIRA
3 39 (3.80%) Selenium
4 30 (2.93%) JUnit
5 26 (2.54%) Maven
6 21 (2.05%) Subversion
7 19 (1.85%) Bitbucket
7 19 (1.85%) Visual Studio
8 17 (1.66%) Gradle
8 17 (1.66%) Mocha
8 17 (1.66%) RSpec
8 17 (1.66%) webpack
9 15 (1.46%) Oracle Forms
10 13 (1.27%) GitLab
10 13 (1.27%) TeamCity
11 12 (1.17%) Ant
11 12 (1.17%) CircleCI
12 11 (1.07%) ERwin
12 11 (1.07%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 239 (23.32%) Finance
2 43 (4.20%) Banking
3 37 (3.61%) Marketing
4 30 (2.93%) Public Sector
5 25 (2.44%) Retail
6 18 (1.76%) Publishing
7 17 (1.66%) Telecoms
8 16 (1.56%) Games
8 16 (1.56%) Manufacturing
9 13 (1.27%) Legal
10 12 (1.17%) Front Office
11 9 (0.88%) Advertising
12 7 (0.68%) Automotive
12 7 (0.68%) Financial Institution
13 6 (0.59%) Electronics
13 6 (0.59%) Investment Banking
14 5 (0.49%) Back Office
15 4 (0.39%) French Language
16 1 (0.098%) German Language
16 1 (0.098%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 543 (52.98%) Developer
2 113 (11.02%) Senior Developer
3 111 (10.83%) C# Developer
4 101 (9.85%) Java Developer
5 94 (9.17%) .NET Developer
6 75 (7.32%) Analyst
7 70 (6.83%) Software Engineer
8 66 (6.44%) Full Stack Developer
9 63 (6.15%) Architect
9 63 (6.15%) C# .NET Developer
10 62 (6.05%) Data Engineer
11 59 (5.76%) DBA
11 59 (5.76%) Python Developer
12 54 (5.27%) PHP Developer
13 43 (4.20%) Agile Developer
14 42 (4.10%) Junior
15 40 (3.90%) Administrator
16 39 (3.80%) JavaScript Developer
17 37 (3.61%) Junior Developer
18 36 (3.51%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 243 (23.71%) .NET
2 213 (20.78%) HTML
3 208 (20.29%) CSS
4 131 (12.78%) RESTful
5 119 (11.61%) ASP.NET
6 114 (11.12%) AngularJS
7 108 (10.54%) Node.js
8 104 (10.15%) Spring
9 94 (9.17%) React
9 94 (9.17%) REST
10 84 (8.20%) .NET Framework
10 84 (8.20%) jQuery
11 79 (7.71%) .NET Core
12 72 (7.02%) Kafka
13 70 (6.83%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 64 (6.24%) Entity Framework
15 63 (6.15%) Web Services
16 59 (5.76%) ASP.NET MVC
16 59 (5.76%) HTML5
16 59 (5.76%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 142 (13.85%) Analytical Skills
2 82 (8.00%) User Experience
3 66 (6.44%) Greenfield Project
4 55 (5.37%) Data Structures
5 46 (4.49%) Algorithms
6 35 (3.41%) Self-Motivation
7 33 (3.22%) Enterprise Software
7 33 (3.22%) Management Information System
8 27 (2.63%) Cloud Native
9 26 (2.54%) Mobile App
10 24 (2.34%) Data Centre
11 20 (1.95%) Hedge funds
11 20 (1.95%) Virtual Team
12 19 (1.85%) N-Tier
13 17 (1.66%) Derivative
13 17 (1.66%) Reference Data
14 15 (1.46%) Client/Server
14 15 (1.46%) Equities
14 15 (1.46%) Fixed Income
15 14 (1.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 148 (14.44%) Linux
2 83 (8.10%) Windows
3 47 (4.59%) Unix
4 28 (2.73%) Windows Server
5 17 (1.66%) CentOS
6 14 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 11 (1.07%) Solaris
8 9 (0.88%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.78%) Windows 7
10 6 (0.59%) Ubuntu
11 5 (0.49%) Amazon Linux
11 5 (0.49%) HPUX
11 5 (0.49%) Windows Server 2012
12 4 (0.39%) SUSE
12 4 (0.39%) VMS
13 3 (0.29%) Debian
13 3 (0.29%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
14 2 (0.20%) Windows 8
14 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 424 (41.37%) Agile Software Development
2 200 (19.51%) DevOps
3 177 (17.27%) Software Engineering
4 167 (16.29%) TDD
5 158 (15.41%) Microservices
6 157 (15.32%) Data Modelling
7 156 (15.22%) OO
8 155 (15.12%) Computer Science
9 151 (14.73%) Business Intelligence
10 146 (14.24%) Problem-Solving
11 137 (13.37%) Analytics
12 136 (13.27%) Scrum
13 131 (12.78%) MVC
14 109 (10.63%) Test Automation
15 103 (10.05%) Continuous Integration
16 99 (9.66%) BDD
17 98 (9.56%) ETL
18 95 (9.27%) Web Development
19 94 (9.17%) Mentoring
20 93 (9.07%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 464 (45.27%) SQL
2 364 (35.51%) JavaScript
3 274 (26.73%) Python
4 270 (26.34%) Java
5 269 (26.24%) C#
6 91 (8.88%) PHP
7 74 (7.22%) TypeScript
8 60 (5.85%) Scala
9 59 (5.76%) C++
10 42 (4.10%) T-SQL
11 34 (3.32%) Java 8
12 33 (3.22%) R
13 27 (2.63%) Shell Script
14 23 (2.24%) Go
15 22 (2.15%) Ruby
16 20 (1.95%) C
17 17 (1.66%) Bash Shell
17 17 (1.66%) PL/SQL
18 13 (1.27%) VBA
19 12 (1.17%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 239 (23.32%) Degree
2 81 (7.90%) Computer Science Degree
3 57 (5.56%) Security Cleared
4 14 (1.37%) SC Cleared
5 12 (1.17%) Master's Degree
5 12 (1.17%) Numerate Degree
6 10 (0.98%) AWS Certification
7 9 (0.88%) Microsoft Certification
7 9 (0.88%) PhD
8 8 (0.78%) HND
9 6 (0.59%) HNC
9 6 (0.59%) ISTQB
10 5 (0.49%) CCNA
10 5 (0.49%) Cisco Certification
10 5 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 4 (0.39%) MCP
11 4 (0.39%) Microsoft Certified Architect
11 4 (0.39%) SSCP
12 3 (0.29%) MCPD
12 3 (0.29%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 83 (8.10%) QA
2 44 (4.29%) Data Quality
3 30 (2.93%) GDPR
4 9 (0.88%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 7 (0.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 7 (0.68%) PMO
6 5 (0.49%) ISO 9001
7 4 (0.39%) IFRS
7 4 (0.39%) NIST
7 4 (0.39%) SLA
8 2 (0.20%) COBIT
8 2 (0.20%) COSO
8 2 (0.20%) NCSC
8 2 (0.20%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.098%) MiFID
System Software
1 145 (14.15%) Docker
2 14 (1.37%) Active Directory
2 14 (1.37%) HDFS
3 13 (1.27%) Hyper-V
4 7 (0.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 5 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.39%) Apache Flume
7 3 (0.29%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 3 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
7 3 (0.29%) vSphere
8 2 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.098%) BIND 9
9 1 (0.098%) Ceph
9 1 (0.098%) Gluster
9 1 (0.098%) iptables
9 1 (0.098%) LXC
9 1 (0.098%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 1 (0.098%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.098%) zsh
Systems Management
1 85 (8.29%) Kubernetes
2 60 (5.85%) Ansible
3 41 (4.00%) Terraform
4 17 (1.66%) Opscode Chef
4 17 (1.66%) Puppet
5 13 (1.27%) Hadoop YARN
6 12 (1.17%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 8 (0.78%) NetBackup
7 8 (0.78%) Oracle RMAN
7 8 (0.78%) SCOrch
8 6 (0.59%) Data Guard
8 6 (0.59%) Prometheus
9 4 (0.39%) Grafana
10 3 (0.29%) CA Single Sign-On
10 3 (0.29%) Oozie
10 3 (0.29%) Rancher
11 2 (0.20%) Kibana
11 2 (0.20%) Nagios
11 2 (0.20%) Salt
11 2 (0.20%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 175 (17.07%) Microsoft
2 171 (16.68%) Oracle
3 54 (5.27%) Tableau
4 41 (4.00%) Google
5 37 (3.61%) Red Hat
6 27 (2.63%) Salesforce.com
7 18 (1.76%) Talend
8 17 (1.66%) VMware
8 17 (1.66%) Zend
9 15 (1.46%) IBM
10 13 (1.27%) Databricks
10 13 (1.27%) SAP
11 12 (1.17%) Cisco
12 11 (1.07%) Sybase
13 10 (0.98%) Atlassian
14 9 (0.88%) Cloudera
14 9 (0.88%) Splunk
15 8 (0.78%) Ab Initio
15 8 (0.78%) Cognos
15 8 (0.78%) Teradata