Period
to 17 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 17 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
17 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 114 113 96
Rank change year-on-year -1 -17 +8
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 4,679 4,645 5,718
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.85% 2.78% 2.99%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.36% 9.12% 9.87%
Number of salaries quoted 3,558 3,671 4,721
England median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,250 £29,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 50,004 50,956 57,918
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 30.45% 30.49% 30.26%
Number of salaries quoted 40,930 43,247 50,040
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 17 July 2018.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 17 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +7 2,228 £60,000 - 259
South East +16 922 £50,000 +13.64% 109
North of England -2 526 £45,000 +12.50% 128
East of England -3 370 £45,000 -4.26% 50
Midlands +42 335 £43,500 +3.57% 44
South West -18 307 £37,500 -6.25% 46
North West -12 281 £42,500 - 65
West Midlands +50 223 £43,500 +2.35% 25
Yorkshire +29 207 £45,000 +12.50% 45
East Midlands +16 112 £45,000 +12.50% 19
North East -4 38 £40,000 +14.29% 18
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 17 July 2018, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2,561 (54.73%) SQL
2 1,810 (38.68%) Java
3 1,766 (37.74%) Agile Software Development
4 1,612 (34.45%) RDBMS
5 1,548 (33.08%) SQL Server
6 1,397 (29.86%) JavaScript
7 1,250 (26.72%) Oracle
8 1,208 (25.82%) Finance
9 1,089 (23.27%) HTML
10 1,001 (21.39%) .NET
11 994 (21.24%) C#
12 974 (20.82%) Linux
13 954 (20.39%) Degree
14 953 (20.37%) Python
15 867 (18.53%) Problem-Solving
16 845 (18.06%) Amazon AWS
17 824 (17.61%) Microsoft
18 817 (17.46%) CSS
19 794 (16.97%) OO
20 760 (16.24%) Analytical Skills
21 718 (15.35%) Web Services
22 694 (14.83%) MySQL
23 692 (14.79%) NoSQL
24 688 (14.70%) Computer Science
25 683 (14.60%) Git (software)
26 678 (14.49%) Software Engineering
27 661 (14.13%) TDD
28 595 (12.72%) Spring
29 594 (12.70%) AngularJS
30 590 (12.61%) Scrum

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 250 (5.34%) Apache Spark
2 226 (4.83%) Apache
3 203 (4.34%) Tomcat
4 174 (3.72%) JBoss
5 161 (3.44%) WebSphere
6 123 (2.63%) Elasticsearch
7 115 (2.46%) WebLogic
8 110 (2.35%) Confluence
9 98 (2.09%) IIS
10 96 (2.05%) SharePoint
11 80 (1.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 79 (1.69%) CMS
13 45 (0.96%) SAS
14 43 (0.92%) Oracle HTTP Server
15 38 (0.81%) nginx
16 37 (0.79%) OpenStack
16 37 (0.79%) WordPress
17 35 (0.75%) Apache Solr
17 35 (0.75%) BizTalk Server
18 34 (0.73%) Drupal
Applications
1 197 (4.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 117 (2.50%) Microsoft Office
3 33 (0.71%) Spreadsheet
4 18 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (0.38%) MS Visio
5 13 (0.28%) GNU Octave
5 13 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
6 11 (0.24%) SPSS
7 8 (0.17%) HipChat
8 5 (0.11%) Photoshop
9 4 (0.085%) Chatbot
10 2 (0.043%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 2 (0.043%) FrameMaker
10 2 (0.043%) RoboHelp
10 2 (0.043%) Weka
11 1 (0.021%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.021%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.021%) Fireworks
11 1 (0.021%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 31 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
2 26 (0.56%) SimCorp Dimension
3 25 (0.53%) Relativity
4 22 (0.47%) Oracle EBS
4 22 (0.47%) Ringtail
5 18 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
6 16 (0.34%) Magento
7 15 (0.32%) Concordance
7 15 (0.32%) Infor SunSystems
8 14 (0.30%) Oracle 11i
8 14 (0.30%) Oracle EBS R12
9 13 (0.28%) Veritas eDiscovery
10 12 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
11 10 (0.21%) SDL Web 8
12 9 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
13 8 (0.17%) Maximo
13 8 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
13 8 (0.17%) Unit4 Business World
14 7 (0.15%) Sentinel
15 6 (0.13%) FastStats
Cloud Services
1 845 (18.06%) Amazon AWS
2 521 (11.13%) Microsoft Azure
3 178 (3.80%) SaaS
4 120 (2.56%) Cloud Computing
5 103 (2.20%) GitHub
6 88 (1.88%) IaaS
7 86 (1.84%) Google Cloud Platform
8 80 (1.71%) Serverless
9 70 (1.50%) Amazon EC2
10 62 (1.33%) Amazon S3
11 49 (1.05%) Office 365
12 45 (0.96%) PaaS
13 41 (0.88%) AWS Lambda
14 25 (0.53%) AWS CloudFormation
15 21 (0.45%) Amazon EMR
16 20 (0.43%) Google Analytics
17 19 (0.41%) Amazon Kinesis
18 18 (0.38%) Dynamics 365
18 18 (0.38%) Loggly
18 18 (0.38%) Sumo Logic
Communications & Networking
1 159 (3.40%) HTTP
2 124 (2.65%) Internet
3 115 (2.46%) TCP/IP
4 88 (1.88%) Firewall
5 63 (1.35%) SAN
6 51 (1.09%) DNS
7 47 (1.00%) NAS
8 35 (0.75%) VPN
9 26 (0.56%) AMQP
10 25 (0.53%) FTP
10 25 (0.53%) SSL
11 19 (0.41%) SMS
12 18 (0.38%) Intranet
13 17 (0.36%) WebEx
14 15 (0.32%) Skype
14 15 (0.32%) WAN
15 14 (0.30%) Kerberos
15 14 (0.30%) LAN
16 10 (0.21%) DHCP
16 10 (0.21%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,612 (34.45%) RDBMS
2 1,548 (33.08%) SQL Server
3 694 (14.83%) MySQL
4 692 (14.79%) NoSQL
5 551 (11.78%) Big Data
6 492 (10.52%) Data Warehouse
7 488 (10.43%) PostgreSQL
8 402 (8.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 391 (8.36%) MongoDB
10 318 (6.80%) Oracle Database
11 291 (6.22%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 266 (5.68%) Hadoop
13 192 (4.10%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 180 (3.85%) SQL Server 2008
15 178 (3.80%) Apache Cassandra
16 141 (3.01%) DB2
17 140 (2.99%) Power BI
18 124 (2.65%) SQL Server 2012
19 111 (2.37%) Apache Hive
20 106 (2.27%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 683 (14.60%) Git (software)
2 303 (6.48%) Jenkins
3 266 (5.68%) JIRA
4 242 (5.17%) Maven
5 190 (4.06%) Subversion
6 140 (2.99%) JUnit
7 101 (2.16%) Selenium
8 99 (2.12%) Team Foundation Server
9 94 (2.01%) Visual Studio
10 90 (1.92%) Eclipse
11 78 (1.67%) Cucumber
12 76 (1.62%) TeamCity
13 74 (1.58%) Bitbucket
14 67 (1.43%) Gradle
14 67 (1.43%) Vagrant
15 61 (1.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 60 (1.28%) Ant
17 49 (1.05%) webpack
18 46 (0.98%) NUnit
19 45 (0.96%) gulp
General
1 1,208 (25.82%) Finance
2 491 (10.49%) Banking
3 287 (6.13%) Retail
4 274 (5.86%) Investment Banking
5 251 (5.36%) Financial Institution
6 207 (4.42%) Marketing
7 117 (2.50%) Advertising
8 112 (2.39%) Games
9 106 (2.27%) Legal
10 92 (1.97%) Front Office
11 89 (1.90%) Telecoms
12 71 (1.52%) Manufacturing
13 69 (1.47%) Back Office
13 69 (1.47%) Law
14 35 (0.75%) Electronics
15 26 (0.56%) Publishing
16 25 (0.53%) Automotive
17 21 (0.45%) Billing
18 18 (0.38%) French Language
18 18 (0.38%) German Language
Job Titles
1 2,274 (48.60%) Developer
2 682 (14.58%) Java Developer
3 526 (11.24%) Analyst
4 441 (9.43%) Senior Developer
5 353 (7.54%) C# Developer
6 338 (7.22%) Software Developer
7 310 (6.63%) .NET Developer
8 282 (6.03%) Software Engineer
9 241 (5.15%) Architect
9 241 (5.15%) DBA
10 208 (4.45%) Applications Support
11 198 (4.23%) Junior
12 195 (4.17%) Java Engineer
13 191 (4.08%) SQL Developer
14 189 (4.04%) C# .NET Developer
15 179 (3.83%) Consultant
16 160 (3.42%) Senior Java Developer
17 157 (3.36%) PHP Developer
18 152 (3.25%) Junior Developer
19 146 (3.12%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,089 (23.27%) HTML
2 1,001 (21.39%) .NET
3 817 (17.46%) CSS
4 718 (15.35%) Web Services
5 595 (12.72%) Spring
6 594 (12.70%) AngularJS
7 545 (11.65%) XML
8 501 (10.71%) RESTful
9 446 (9.53%) HTML5
10 437 (9.34%) REST
11 412 (8.81%) jQuery
12 411 (8.78%) ASP.NET
13 349 (7.46%) Hibernate
13 349 (7.46%) JSON
14 316 (6.75%) .NET Framework
15 299 (6.39%) React
16 292 (6.24%) SOAP
17 252 (5.39%) J2EE
18 241 (5.15%) Node.js
19 229 (4.89%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 760 (16.24%) Analytical Skills
2 688 (14.70%) Computer Science
3 238 (5.09%) Fintech
4 234 (5.00%) Self-Motivation
5 211 (4.51%) Cyberthreat
5 211 (4.51%) Enterprise Software
6 192 (4.10%) Management Information System
7 174 (3.72%) Algorithms
8 149 (3.18%) Mobile App
9 145 (3.10%) User Experience
10 136 (2.91%) Data Structures
11 131 (2.80%) Greenfield Project
12 109 (2.33%) Replication
13 90 (1.92%) Derivative
14 79 (1.69%) Hedge funds
15 74 (1.58%) Equities
16 70 (1.50%) Clustering
17 59 (1.26%) Virtual Team
18 53 (1.13%) Linux Command Line
19 50 (1.07%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 974 (20.82%) Linux
2 514 (10.99%) Unix
3 502 (10.73%) Windows
4 106 (2.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 98 (2.09%) Windows Server
6 60 (1.28%) Android
7 51 (1.09%) Apple iOS
8 50 (1.07%) Solaris
9 35 (0.75%) Windows 7
10 30 (0.64%) VMS
11 28 (0.60%) CentOS
12 27 (0.58%) Windows Server 2008
13 26 (0.56%) Ubuntu
14 24 (0.51%) Mac OS X
15 22 (0.47%) Mac OS
16 18 (0.38%) AIX
16 18 (0.38%) Debian
16 18 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
17 17 (0.36%) HPUX
18 9 (0.19%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,766 (37.74%) Agile Software Development
2 867 (18.53%) Problem-Solving
3 794 (16.97%) OO
4 678 (14.49%) Software Engineering
5 661 (14.13%) TDD
6 590 (12.61%) Scrum
7 574 (12.27%) ETL
8 571 (12.20%) MVC
9 516 (11.03%) Business Intelligence
10 489 (10.45%) DevOps
11 475 (10.15%) Continuous Integration
12 470 (10.04%) Test Automation
13 466 (9.96%) SDLC
14 457 (9.77%) Analytics
15 434 (9.28%) Microservices
16 351 (7.50%) Web Development
17 330 (7.05%) Data Modelling
18 287 (6.13%) Mentoring
19 276 (5.90%) OOP
20 272 (5.81%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,561 (54.73%) SQL
2 1,810 (38.68%) Java
3 1,397 (29.86%) JavaScript
4 994 (21.24%) C#
5 953 (20.37%) Python
6 449 (9.60%) T-SQL
7 383 (8.19%) PHP
8 320 (6.84%) C++
9 276 (5.90%) Perl
10 270 (5.77%) Scala
11 237 (5.07%) PL/SQL
12 228 (4.87%) Java 8
13 220 (4.70%) Shell Script
14 190 (4.06%) Bash Shell
15 184 (3.93%) Ruby
16 173 (3.70%) PowerShell
17 155 (3.31%) C
18 145 (3.10%) R
19 105 (2.24%) VB
20 98 (2.09%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 954 (20.39%) Degree
2 325 (6.95%) Computer Science Degree
3 96 (2.05%) Master's Degree
4 84 (1.80%) Security Cleared
5 71 (1.52%) Microsoft Certification
6 55 (1.18%) PhD
7 31 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
8 28 (0.60%) MCSE
9 27 (0.58%) ISTQB
9 27 (0.58%) MCSA
10 23 (0.49%) ITIL Certification
11 21 (0.45%) SC Cleared
12 20 (0.43%) ISEB
13 18 (0.38%) DV Cleared
14 17 (0.36%) Oracle Certification
15 15 (0.32%) OCP
16 12 (0.26%) Sun Certification
17 11 (0.24%) HNC
17 11 (0.24%) Postgraduate
18 9 (0.19%) MCDBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 306 (6.54%) QA
2 150 (3.21%) Data Quality
3 48 (1.03%) GDPR
4 45 (0.96%) SLA
5 41 (0.88%) GCP
6 24 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 23 (0.49%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 20 (0.43%) PCI DSS
9 9 (0.19%) ISO 9001
10 5 (0.11%) MiFID
10 5 (0.11%) SEPA
11 4 (0.085%) HL7
12 3 (0.064%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 3 (0.064%) WCAG
13 2 (0.043%) ISO 22301
14 1 (0.021%) Cyber Essentials
14 1 (0.021%) Dodd-Frank
14 1 (0.021%) HIPAA
System Software
1 375 (8.01%) Docker
2 104 (2.22%) Oracle RAC
3 71 (1.52%) Active Directory
4 55 (1.18%) VMware Infrastructure
5 47 (1.00%) HDFS
6 29 (0.62%) Virtual Machines
7 26 (0.56%) Apache Flume
8 22 (0.47%) Hyper-V
9 12 (0.26%) KVM
10 9 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.15%) OpenAM
11 7 (0.15%) VirtualBox
11 7 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
11 7 (0.15%) VMware Workstation
12 6 (0.13%) Xen
13 4 (0.085%) ACF2
13 4 (0.085%) Firmware
13 4 (0.085%) LXC
13 4 (0.085%) RACF
13 4 (0.085%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 174 (3.72%) Puppet
2 153 (3.27%) Ansible
3 144 (3.08%) Kubernetes
4 120 (2.56%) Opscode Chef
5 88 (1.88%) Terraform
6 50 (1.07%) Data Guard
7 36 (0.77%) Oracle RMAN
8 35 (0.75%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 31 (0.66%) Nagios
10 29 (0.62%) Kibana
11 20 (0.43%) ZABBIX
12 19 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
12 19 (0.41%) Oozie
12 19 (0.41%) Salt
13 18 (0.38%) logstash
13 18 (0.38%) Microsoft Clustering
13 18 (0.38%) Packer
13 18 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
14 17 (0.36%) ITRS Geneos
14 17 (0.36%) Marathon
Vendors
1 1,250 (26.72%) Oracle
2 824 (17.61%) Microsoft
3 201 (4.30%) Sybase
4 167 (3.57%) Tableau
5 144 (3.08%) Google
6 136 (2.91%) IBM
7 130 (2.78%) SAP
8 103 (2.20%) Red Hat
9 80 (1.71%) Informatica
10 77 (1.65%) VMware
11 68 (1.45%) Salesforce.com
12 66 (1.41%) Splunk
13 61 (1.30%) Capita
14 51 (1.09%) Xamarin
15 50 (1.07%) Talend
16 48 (1.03%) Sun
17 42 (0.90%) Cognos
18 40 (0.85%) Atlassian
19 36 (0.77%) Adobe
20 35 (0.75%) Teradata