Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 141 112 114
Rank change year-on-year -29 +2 -5
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 3,303 4,437 4,737
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.55% 2.88% 2.87%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.45% 9.69% 9.45%
Number of salaries quoted 2,539 3,440 3,622
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £31,579 £31,250 £30,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £83,750 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 34,955 45,795 50,135
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 27.02% 29.70% 30.39%
Number of salaries quoted 28,889 37,482 41,701
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +3.16%
10th Percentile £31,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £77,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -18 1,494 £70,000 +16.67% 213
South East -35 591 £47,500 -5.00% 100
North of England +6 504 £45,000 - 84
North West +21 283 £45,000 +5.88% 52
East of England +15 253 £55,000 +22.22% 51
South West -5 249 £45,000 +5.88% 54
Midlands -36 203 £40,000 -8.05% 54
Yorkshire -13 197 £45,000 - 19
West Midlands -51 113 £40,000 -8.05% 30
East Midlands +7 85 £37,500 -11.76% 24
North East +10 25 £41,443 +3.61% 13
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,886 (57.10%) SQL
2 1,260 (38.15%) SQL Server
3 1,256 (38.03%) Agile Software Development
4 1,056 (31.97%) RDBMS
5 987 (29.88%) Java
6 871 (26.37%) Oracle
7 815 (24.67%) C#
8 723 (21.89%) .NET
9 705 (21.34%) JavaScript
10 682 (20.65%) Microsoft
11 654 (19.80%) Azure
12 642 (19.44%) Finance
13 632 (19.13%) Python
14 631 (19.10%) AWS
15 604 (18.29%) MySQL
16 589 (17.83%) Software Engineering
17 554 (16.77%) HTML
18 511 (15.47%) Linux
19 510 (15.44%) DevOps
20 507 (15.35%) OO
20 507 (15.35%) Degree
21 485 (14.68%) ETL
22 477 (14.44%) Problem-Solving
23 433 (13.11%) CSS
24 431 (13.05%) Scrum
25 416 (12.59%) Business Intelligence
26 412 (12.47%) Data Warehouse
27 410 (12.41%) Git (software)
28 403 (12.20%) Microservices
29 395 (11.96%) PostgreSQL

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 141 (4.27%) Apache Spark
2 108 (3.27%) Elasticsearch
3 102 (3.09%) JBoss
4 84 (2.54%) CMS
5 81 (2.45%) Tomcat
6 78 (2.36%) SharePoint
7 73 (2.21%) Apache
8 58 (1.76%) WebLogic
9 49 (1.48%) Confluence
10 45 (1.36%) Apache Solr
10 45 (1.36%) WebSphere
11 44 (1.33%) IIS
12 41 (1.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 28 (0.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 26 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
14 26 (0.79%) Umbraco
15 25 (0.76%) Drupal
16 24 (0.73%) SAS
17 20 (0.61%) nginx
18 18 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 226 (6.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 80 (2.42%) Microsoft Office
3 34 (1.03%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 22 (0.67%) Spreadsheet
5 17 (0.51%) MS Visio
6 14 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
7 8 (0.24%) Photoshop
8 6 (0.18%) Sketch
9 4 (0.12%) GNU Octave
9 4 (0.12%) SPSS
10 3 (0.091%) CATIA
11 2 (0.061%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.061%) Stata
12 1 (0.030%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.030%) ArchiCAD
12 1 (0.030%) AutoCAD
12 1 (0.030%) InfoPath
12 1 (0.030%) MicroStation
12 1 (0.030%) Revit
Business Applications
1 59 (1.79%) Magento
2 37 (1.12%) SDL Web 8
3 33 (1.00%) SAP Hybris
4 31 (0.94%) Dynamics CRM
5 22 (0.67%) WebTrends
6 13 (0.39%) FastStats
7 12 (0.36%) Oracle Applications
7 12 (0.36%) Oracle EBS
8 10 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
9 9 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
9 9 (0.27%) Oracle Cash Management
9 9 (0.27%) Oracle EBS R12
10 8 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 7 (0.21%) Unit4 Business World
12 6 (0.18%) OPENHousing
12 6 (0.18%) PolarLake
12 6 (0.18%) Shopify
13 4 (0.12%) FastStats PeopleStage
13 4 (0.12%) NetSuite
13 4 (0.12%) OpenText VIM for SAP
Cloud Services
1 654 (19.80%) Azure
2 631 (19.10%) AWS
3 199 (6.02%) GCP
4 191 (5.78%) Power Platform
5 167 (5.06%) SaaS
6 112 (3.39%) GitHub
7 91 (2.76%) Serverless
8 88 (2.66%) Cloud Computing
9 72 (2.18%) OpenShift
10 62 (1.88%) PaaS
11 57 (1.73%) Office 365
12 44 (1.33%) Dynamics 365
13 39 (1.18%) Amazon S3
14 34 (1.03%) Amazon EC2
15 33 (1.00%) IaaS
16 32 (0.97%) Amazon SQS
17 29 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
18 25 (0.76%) Heroku
19 23 (0.70%) AWS Lambda
20 21 (0.64%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 100 (3.03%) Internet
2 92 (2.79%) HTTP
3 53 (1.60%) TCP/IP
4 39 (1.18%) Firewall
5 34 (1.03%) Broadband
6 20 (0.61%) DNS
7 18 (0.54%) FTP
8 15 (0.45%) CTI
8 15 (0.45%) HTTPS
9 14 (0.42%) VoIP
10 13 (0.39%) SSL
10 13 (0.39%) VPN
11 12 (0.36%) NAS
11 12 (0.36%) SAN
12 8 (0.24%) Multicast
12 8 (0.24%) Network Security
13 6 (0.18%) DSL
13 6 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
14 5 (0.15%) DHCP
14 5 (0.15%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,260 (38.15%) SQL Server
2 1,056 (31.97%) RDBMS
3 604 (18.29%) MySQL
4 412 (12.47%) Data Warehouse
5 395 (11.96%) PostgreSQL
6 333 (10.08%) NoSQL
7 320 (9.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 264 (7.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 247 (7.48%) Big Data
10 238 (7.21%) MongoDB
11 191 (5.78%) Power BI
12 132 (4.00%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 128 (3.88%) Oracle Database
14 121 (3.66%) Hadoop
15 94 (2.85%) SQL Server 2012
16 75 (2.27%) Apache Hive
16 75 (2.27%) SQL Server 2008
17 74 (2.24%) Apache Cassandra
18 63 (1.91%) Data Lake
19 61 (1.85%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 410 (12.41%) Git (software)
2 236 (7.15%) Jenkins
3 191 (5.78%) JIRA
4 127 (3.84%) Maven
5 108 (3.27%) TeamCity
6 106 (3.21%) Selenium
7 96 (2.91%) JUnit
8 92 (2.79%) Team Foundation Server
9 90 (2.72%) Visual Studio
10 88 (2.66%) Subversion
11 61 (1.85%) Cucumber
12 42 (1.27%) Ant
13 41 (1.24%) JMeter
14 38 (1.15%) GitLab
15 37 (1.12%) SonarQube
16 35 (1.06%) Oracle Forms
17 34 (1.03%) Bitbucket
18 33 (1.00%) webpack
19 32 (0.97%) Sonatype Nexus
20 31 (0.94%) Artifactory
General
1 642 (19.44%) Finance
2 237 (7.18%) Banking
3 165 (5.00%) Retail
4 163 (4.93%) Marketing
5 110 (3.33%) Front Office
6 83 (2.51%) Manufacturing
7 67 (2.03%) Telecoms
8 65 (1.97%) Public Sector
9 54 (1.63%) Investment Banking
10 41 (1.24%) French Language
11 40 (1.21%) Legal
12 39 (1.18%) German Language
13 30 (0.91%) Advertising
13 30 (0.91%) Back Office
13 30 (0.91%) Games
13 30 (0.91%) Law
14 27 (0.82%) Automotive
15 22 (0.67%) Electronics
16 20 (0.61%) Aerospace
16 20 (0.61%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 1,440 (43.60%) Developer
2 369 (11.17%) Java Developer
3 351 (10.63%) Analyst
4 305 (9.23%) Senior Developer
5 282 (8.54%) Software Engineer
6 267 (8.08%) Architect
7 238 (7.21%) Software Developer
8 216 (6.54%) C# Developer
9 209 (6.33%) .NET Developer
10 175 (5.30%) DBA
11 164 (4.97%) SQL Developer
12 152 (4.60%) Junior
13 139 (4.21%) Consultant
13 139 (4.21%) Data Engineer
14 133 (4.03%) Full Stack Developer
15 128 (3.88%) Python Developer
16 112 (3.39%) Junior Developer
17 111 (3.36%) Administrator
18 103 (3.12%) SQL DBA
19 102 (3.09%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 723 (21.89%) .NET
2 554 (16.77%) HTML
3 433 (13.11%) CSS
4 362 (10.96%) Web Services
5 343 (10.38%) AngularJS
6 326 (9.87%) Spring
7 319 (9.66%) ASP.NET
8 291 (8.81%) RESTful
9 266 (8.05%) XML
10 229 (6.93%) .NET Framework
11 220 (6.66%) Node.js
12 217 (6.57%) REST
13 213 (6.45%) jQuery
14 202 (6.12%) React
15 187 (5.66%) J2EE
16 175 (5.30%) HTML5
17 153 (4.63%) JSON
18 151 (4.57%) Hibernate
19 125 (3.78%) .NET Core
20 123 (3.72%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 386 (11.69%) Analytical Skills
2 207 (6.27%) Self-Motivation
3 167 (5.06%) User Experience
4 137 (4.15%) Data Structures
5 134 (4.06%) Management Information System
6 133 (4.03%) Greenfield Project
7 128 (3.88%) Mobile App
8 122 (3.69%) Algorithms
9 88 (2.66%) Derivative
10 87 (2.63%) Enterprise Software
11 68 (2.06%) Client/Server
12 63 (1.91%) Virtual Team
13 57 (1.73%) Fixed Income
14 56 (1.70%) Clustering
15 55 (1.67%) Replication
16 51 (1.54%) Hedge funds
17 45 (1.36%) Cloud Native
18 44 (1.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 43 (1.30%) Equities
19 43 (1.30%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 511 (15.47%) Linux
2 367 (11.11%) Windows
3 250 (7.57%) Unix
4 83 (2.51%) Windows Server
5 50 (1.51%) Android
6 40 (1.21%) Apple iOS
7 37 (1.12%) Windows Server 2012
8 25 (0.76%) Windows Server 2008
9 19 (0.58%) Windows 7
10 17 (0.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 17 (0.51%) Solaris
10 17 (0.51%) Windows 8
11 16 (0.48%) Mac OS
12 15 (0.45%) CentOS
13 11 (0.33%) AIX
14 10 (0.30%) Oracle Linux
15 9 (0.27%) Ubuntu
16 8 (0.24%) Windows Server 2003
17 4 (0.12%) ThreadX
18 3 (0.091%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,256 (38.03%) Agile Software Development
2 589 (17.83%) Software Engineering
3 510 (15.44%) DevOps
4 507 (15.35%) OO
5 485 (14.68%) ETL
6 477 (14.44%) Problem-Solving
7 431 (13.05%) Scrum
8 416 (12.59%) Business Intelligence
9 403 (12.20%) Microservices
10 384 (11.63%) Analytics
11 377 (11.41%) TDD
12 360 (10.90%) Computer Science
13 339 (10.26%) MVC
14 307 (9.29%) Test Automation
15 289 (8.75%) Continuous Integration
16 272 (8.23%) Data Modelling
17 270 (8.17%) Mentoring
18 261 (7.90%) OOP
19 244 (7.39%) Unit Testing
20 228 (6.90%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,886 (57.10%) SQL
2 987 (29.88%) Java
3 815 (24.67%) C#
4 705 (21.34%) JavaScript
5 632 (19.13%) Python
6 330 (9.99%) T-SQL
7 226 (6.84%) C++
8 195 (5.90%) PHP
9 133 (4.03%) PL/SQL
10 118 (3.57%) Bash Shell
11 114 (3.45%) PowerShell
12 110 (3.33%) R
12 110 (3.33%) VB.NET
13 107 (3.24%) TypeScript
14 98 (2.97%) Scala
15 97 (2.94%) Ruby
16 92 (2.79%) C
17 83 (2.51%) Shell Script
18 82 (2.48%) Java 8
19 81 (2.45%) Perl
Qualifications
1 507 (15.35%) Degree
2 156 (4.72%) Computer Science Degree
3 88 (2.66%) Security Cleared
4 46 (1.39%) Master's Degree
5 44 (1.33%) Microsoft Certification
6 39 (1.18%) ISTQB
7 36 (1.09%) PhD
8 34 (1.03%) SC Cleared
9 30 (0.91%) DV Cleared
10 28 (0.85%) HND
11 25 (0.76%) Numerate Degree
12 20 (0.61%) MCP
13 19 (0.58%) Oracle Certification
14 17 (0.51%) OCP
15 14 (0.42%) SAP Certification
16 13 (0.39%) HNC
17 11 (0.33%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
18 10 (0.30%) ISEB
18 10 (0.30%) MBA
18 10 (0.30%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 233 (7.05%) QA
2 84 (2.54%) Data Quality
3 36 (1.09%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 29 (0.88%) GDPR
5 28 (0.85%) SLA
6 18 (0.54%) DICOM
7 12 (0.36%) Basel III
8 7 (0.21%) ISO 9001
9 6 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 4 (0.12%) EMIR
10 4 (0.12%) MiFID
10 4 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.091%) Cyber Essentials
11 3 (0.091%) Dodd-Frank
11 3 (0.091%) HL7
12 2 (0.061%) ISO 15022
12 2 (0.061%) ISO 20022
12 2 (0.061%) PCI DSS
13 1 (0.030%) PMO
13 1 (0.030%) PSD2
System Software
1 362 (10.96%) Docker
2 47 (1.42%) Oracle RAC
3 46 (1.39%) Active Directory
4 43 (1.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.36%) HDFS
6 8 (0.24%) Firmware
6 8 (0.24%) vCloud
6 8 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.21%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.18%) Xen
9 5 (0.15%) Terminal Server
10 4 (0.12%) Apache Flume
10 4 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 4 (0.12%) GridGain
10 4 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
11 3 (0.091%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 3 (0.091%) Slurm Workload Manager
11 3 (0.091%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.091%) vSphere
12 2 (0.061%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 211 (6.39%) Kubernetes
2 143 (4.33%) Ansible
3 116 (3.51%) Puppet
4 102 (3.09%) Opscode Chef
5 55 (1.67%) Terraform
6 28 (0.85%) HP ALM
7 22 (0.67%) Data Guard
8 20 (0.61%) Grafana
9 19 (0.58%) HP Quality Center
10 16 (0.48%) Prometheus
11 15 (0.45%) Ambari
11 15 (0.45%) Hadoop YARN
11 15 (0.45%) Oracle RMAN
12 14 (0.42%) Cisco CUCM
13 13 (0.39%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 11 (0.33%) Nagios
15 9 (0.27%) Oozie
16 8 (0.24%) Failover Clustering
16 8 (0.24%) Istio
16 8 (0.24%) SCCM
Vendors
1 871 (26.37%) Oracle
2 682 (20.65%) Microsoft
3 177 (5.36%) Google
4 148 (4.48%) Tableau
5 119 (3.60%) Salesforce.com
6 107 (3.24%) SAP
7 78 (2.36%) VMware
8 70 (2.12%) Adobe
8 70 (2.12%) Sybase
9 69 (2.09%) WorldPay
10 65 (1.97%) Informatica
11 59 (1.79%) IBM
12 44 (1.33%) hybris
13 43 (1.30%) Red Hat
14 41 (1.24%) Talend
15 39 (1.18%) Elastic Path
16 37 (1.12%) Atlassian
16 37 (1.12%) Interwoven
17 34 (1.03%) HP
17 34 (1.03%) Sun