Period
to 4 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 4 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
4 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 137 139 119
Rank change year-on-year +2 -20 -4
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 1,750 3,485 4,685
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.41% 2.57% 2.82%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.91% 9.29% 9.23%
Number of salaries quoted 1,413 2,883 3,681
Median annual salary £57,500 £53,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.49% +6.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £92,250 £87,250 £81,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 19,641 37,500 50,785
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 27.00% 27.61% 30.58%
Number of salaries quoted 16,167 31,029 41,761
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £81,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% +5.26%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 4 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 863 £67,500 +3.85% 66
South East +6 384 £50,000 - 24
North of England +8 215 £45,183 +0.41% 40
North West +12 135 £45,000 +2.86% 18
Midlands +7 102 £42,500 +10.03% 15
East of England +1 93 £55,000 - 11
South West -17 90 £45,000 - 9
West Midlands +26 71 £42,500 +6.25% 4
Yorkshire +22 63 £47,500 +5.56% 17
East Midlands +2 31 £45,000 +28.57% 10
North East +18 17 £31,880 -11.45% 5
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 4 July 2020, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 879 (50.23%) SQL
2 713 (40.74%) Agile Software Development
3 617 (35.26%) SQL Server
4 573 (32.74%) RDBMS
5 548 (31.31%) Java
6 498 (28.46%) JavaScript
7 485 (27.71%) Python
8 483 (27.60%) AWS
9 433 (24.74%) C#
10 393 (22.46%) .NET
11 372 (21.26%) Oracle
12 358 (20.46%) Degree
13 354 (20.23%) Finance
14 349 (19.94%) HTML
15 339 (19.37%) Software Engineering
16 319 (18.23%) CSS
17 308 (17.60%) Azure
18 292 (16.69%) Computer Science
19 291 (16.63%) Microsoft
20 272 (15.54%) Linux
21 267 (15.26%) OO
22 265 (15.14%) MySQL
23 261 (14.91%) NoSQL
23 261 (14.91%) DevOps
24 240 (13.71%) Problem-Solving
24 240 (13.71%) Scrum
25 239 (13.66%) AngularJS
26 238 (13.60%) Git (software)
27 234 (13.37%) Microservices
28 232 (13.26%) Docker

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (5.20%) Apache Spark
2 52 (2.97%) Apache
3 43 (2.46%) Elasticsearch
4 37 (2.11%) Confluence
5 36 (2.06%) IIS
6 29 (1.66%) SAS
6 29 (1.66%) Tomcat
7 25 (1.43%) Apache Airflow
8 24 (1.37%) CMS
9 22 (1.26%) Luigi
10 21 (1.20%) SharePoint
11 19 (1.09%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 17 (0.97%) WebSphere
13 16 (0.91%) Cloud Foundry
14 15 (0.86%) nginx
15 14 (0.80%) WebLogic
16 10 (0.57%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 10 (0.57%) OpenStack
17 7 (0.40%) Apache Pig
17 7 (0.40%) Apache Synapse
Applications
1 84 (4.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (1.37%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.86%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 9 (0.51%) Camtasia
4 9 (0.51%) MadCap Flare
5 8 (0.46%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.34%) MS Visio
7 4 (0.23%) SPSS
8 3 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.057%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.057%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 9 (0.51%) Magento
2 7 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.34%) FastStats
4 4 (0.23%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
5 3 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
5 3 (0.17%) WebTrends
6 2 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
6 2 (0.11%) Maximo
6 2 (0.11%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.11%) SAP IS-U
7 1 (0.057%) Elite 3E
7 1 (0.057%) FLEXCUBE
7 1 (0.057%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.057%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.057%) Primavera
7 1 (0.057%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 483 (27.60%) AWS
2 308 (17.60%) Azure
3 109 (6.23%) GCP
4 94 (5.37%) Power Platform
5 78 (4.46%) SaaS
6 69 (3.94%) Amazon EC2
7 54 (3.09%) Amazon S3
8 42 (2.40%) GitHub
9 40 (2.29%) Cloud Computing
10 38 (2.17%) IaaS
11 37 (2.11%) Serverless
12 33 (1.89%) Amazon EMR
13 27 (1.54%) Amazon SQS
14 25 (1.43%) AWS Lambda
14 25 (1.43%) PaaS
15 21 (1.20%) Amazon Kinesis
16 14 (0.80%) Amazon ECS
16 14 (0.80%) npm
16 14 (0.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 12 (0.69%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 41 (2.34%) Internet
2 40 (2.29%) HTTP
3 33 (1.89%) TCP/IP
4 20 (1.14%) Network Security
5 19 (1.09%) Firewall
6 17 (0.97%) VPN
7 16 (0.91%) SAN
8 15 (0.86%) DNS
9 10 (0.57%) Fibre Channel
9 10 (0.57%) iSCSI
9 10 (0.57%) MQTT
10 8 (0.46%) SNMP
11 7 (0.40%) DHCP
11 7 (0.40%) IPv6
12 6 (0.34%) SSL
13 5 (0.29%) Broadband
13 5 (0.29%) FIX Connectivity
13 5 (0.29%) NAS
14 4 (0.23%) InfiniBand
14 4 (0.23%) SWIFTNet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 617 (35.26%) SQL Server
2 573 (32.74%) RDBMS
3 265 (15.14%) MySQL
4 261 (14.91%) NoSQL
5 222 (12.69%) PostgreSQL
6 188 (10.74%) Data Warehouse
7 173 (9.89%) Big Data
8 123 (7.03%) MongoDB
9 114 (6.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 102 (5.83%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 99 (5.66%) Hadoop
12 94 (5.37%) Power BI
13 87 (4.97%) Oracle Database
14 81 (4.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 67 (3.83%) Amazon Redshift
16 62 (3.54%) Apache Cassandra
17 59 (3.37%) Amazon RDS
18 58 (3.31%) Redis
19 52 (2.97%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 47 (2.69%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 238 (13.60%) Git (software)
2 164 (9.37%) Jenkins
3 107 (6.11%) JIRA
4 79 (4.51%) Selenium
5 65 (3.71%) Maven
6 63 (3.60%) JUnit
7 53 (3.03%) Visual Studio
8 36 (2.06%) webpack
9 33 (1.89%) SoapUI
10 31 (1.77%) LoadRunner
11 30 (1.71%) HP UFT
12 28 (1.60%) Bitbucket
12 28 (1.60%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
13 26 (1.49%) gulp
13 26 (1.49%) TeamCity
14 25 (1.43%) Grunt
14 25 (1.43%) Team Foundation Server
15 22 (1.26%) Cucumber
16 21 (1.20%) ERwin
16 21 (1.20%) IntelliJ
General
1 354 (20.23%) Finance
2 58 (3.31%) Banking
3 57 (3.26%) Retail
4 36 (2.06%) Marketing
5 34 (1.94%) Games
6 31 (1.77%) Public Sector
7 25 (1.43%) Front Office
8 23 (1.31%) Automotive
8 23 (1.31%) Back Office
9 21 (1.20%) Telecoms
10 17 (0.97%) Publishing
11 15 (0.86%) Advertising
11 15 (0.86%) Law
11 15 (0.86%) Legal
11 15 (0.86%) Manufacturing
12 12 (0.69%) Financial Institution
13 10 (0.57%) Electronics
13 10 (0.57%) Police
14 9 (0.51%) Investment Banking
15 7 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 824 (47.09%) Developer
2 199 (11.37%) Java Developer
3 170 (9.71%) Senior Developer
4 167 (9.54%) Analyst
5 144 (8.23%) C# Developer
6 133 (7.60%) Architect
7 119 (6.80%) Data Engineer
8 115 (6.57%) .NET Developer
8 115 (6.57%) Junior
9 107 (6.11%) Software Engineer
10 106 (6.06%) Python Developer
11 105 (6.00%) Software Developer
12 100 (5.71%) Junior Developer
13 80 (4.57%) Full Stack Developer
14 71 (4.06%) PHP Developer
15 64 (3.66%) C# .NET Developer
16 63 (3.60%) Graduate
17 62 (3.54%) DBA
18 60 (3.43%) Data Architect
18 60 (3.43%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 393 (22.46%) .NET
2 349 (19.94%) HTML
3 319 (18.23%) CSS
4 239 (13.66%) AngularJS
5 184 (10.51%) Spring
6 177 (10.11%) React
7 169 (9.66%) ASP.NET
8 160 (9.14%) RESTful
9 159 (9.09%) REST
10 151 (8.63%) Web Services
11 141 (8.06%) HTML5
11 141 (8.06%) XML
12 129 (7.37%) Node.js
13 122 (6.97%) .NET Framework
14 116 (6.63%) .NET Core
15 114 (6.51%) Kafka
16 107 (6.11%) jQuery
17 96 (5.49%) SOAP
18 87 (4.97%) JSON
19 86 (4.91%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 199 (11.37%) Analytical Skills
2 148 (8.46%) Data Structures
3 138 (7.89%) User Experience
4 122 (6.97%) Greenfield Project
5 93 (5.31%) Algorithms
6 78 (4.46%) Management Information System
7 76 (4.34%) Enterprise Software
8 67 (3.83%) Self-Motivation
9 59 (3.37%) Mobile App
10 56 (3.20%) Derivative
11 52 (2.97%) Hedge funds
12 46 (2.63%) Virtual Team
13 31 (1.77%) Data Centre
13 31 (1.77%) Public Cloud
14 30 (1.71%) Cloud Native
15 29 (1.66%) Linux Command Line
16 28 (1.60%) Fixed Income
17 26 (1.49%) Reference Data
18 25 (1.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 22 (1.26%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 272 (15.54%) Linux
2 139 (7.94%) Windows
3 99 (5.66%) Unix
4 51 (2.91%) Windows Server
5 25 (1.43%) CentOS
6 18 (1.03%) Solaris
7 14 (0.80%) Android
8 11 (0.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 11 (0.63%) Ubuntu
9 9 (0.51%) Apple iOS
10 8 (0.46%) Windows 7
11 7 (0.40%) Oracle Linux
12 6 (0.34%) HPUX
12 6 (0.34%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.34%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.29%) SUSE
13 5 (0.29%) VMS
14 4 (0.23%) Amazon Linux
14 4 (0.23%) Debian
14 4 (0.23%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 713 (40.74%) Agile Software Development
2 339 (19.37%) Software Engineering
3 292 (16.69%) Computer Science
4 267 (15.26%) OO
5 261 (14.91%) DevOps
6 240 (13.71%) Problem-Solving
6 240 (13.71%) Scrum
7 234 (13.37%) Microservices
8 218 (12.46%) TDD
9 201 (11.49%) Business Intelligence
10 200 (11.43%) Test Automation
11 199 (11.37%) MVC
12 196 (11.20%) Analytics
13 177 (10.11%) SDLC
14 164 (9.37%) ETL
15 161 (9.20%) Data Modelling
16 156 (8.91%) Mentoring
17 143 (8.17%) Continuous Integration
17 143 (8.17%) Data Science
18 139 (7.94%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 879 (50.23%) SQL
2 548 (31.31%) Java
3 498 (28.46%) JavaScript
4 485 (27.71%) Python
5 433 (24.74%) C#
6 140 (8.00%) PHP
7 134 (7.66%) C++
8 116 (6.63%) T-SQL
9 115 (6.57%) Scala
10 100 (5.71%) R
11 78 (4.46%) PL/SQL
12 75 (4.29%) TypeScript
13 70 (4.00%) C
14 67 (3.83%) Java 8
15 54 (3.09%) Ruby
16 49 (2.80%) Perl
17 46 (2.63%) PowerShell
18 45 (2.57%) Bash Shell
19 44 (2.51%) Shell Script
20 28 (1.60%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 358 (20.46%) Degree
2 157 (8.97%) Computer Science Degree
3 60 (3.43%) Security Cleared
4 36 (2.06%) Microsoft Certification
5 34 (1.94%) Master's Degree
6 25 (1.43%) SC Cleared
7 24 (1.37%) PhD
8 23 (1.31%) AWS Certification
9 8 (0.46%) DBS Check
9 8 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
10 6 (0.34%) DV Cleared
10 6 (0.34%) Oracle Certification
11 5 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
11 5 (0.29%) HND
11 5 (0.29%) MCSD
12 4 (0.23%) ISEB
12 4 (0.23%) MCPD
12 4 (0.23%) MCSE
13 3 (0.17%) ISTQB
13 3 (0.17%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 168 (9.60%) QA
2 52 (2.97%) Data Quality
3 39 (2.23%) GDPR
4 31 (1.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 30 (1.71%) PMO
6 22 (1.26%) SLA
7 12 (0.69%) DICOM
8 6 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 5 (0.29%) ISO 9001
10 4 (0.23%) Actionable Recommendations
10 4 (0.23%) COBIT
10 4 (0.23%) COSO
10 4 (0.23%) NIST
10 4 (0.23%) PCI DSS
11 2 (0.11%) HL7
12 1 (0.057%) ISO 9000
12 1 (0.057%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 1 (0.057%) Solvency II
System Software
1 232 (13.26%) Docker
2 25 (1.43%) Active Directory
3 16 (0.91%) Apache Flume
4 14 (0.80%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (0.74%) HDFS
6 8 (0.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 7 (0.40%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.29%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.23%) GPFS
9 4 (0.23%) Lustre
9 4 (0.23%) Slurm Workload Manager
10 3 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
11 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 2 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
11 2 (0.11%) vSphere
12 1 (0.057%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 1 (0.057%) GeoWebCache
12 1 (0.057%) Gluster
12 1 (0.057%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 1 (0.057%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 136 (7.77%) Kubernetes
2 43 (2.46%) Ansible
3 34 (1.94%) Terraform
4 24 (1.37%) Opscode Chef
5 21 (1.20%) Puppet
6 12 (0.69%) Kibana
7 11 (0.63%) Oozie
7 11 (0.63%) Rancher
7 11 (0.63%) ZABBIX
8 8 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
8 8 (0.46%) Prometheus
9 7 (0.40%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 6 (0.34%) Data Guard
10 6 (0.34%) Oracle RMAN
11 5 (0.29%) CA Single Sign-On
11 5 (0.29%) Istio
11 5 (0.29%) linkerd
12 4 (0.23%) HP ALM
12 4 (0.23%) SCOrch
12 4 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 372 (21.26%) Oracle
2 291 (16.63%) Microsoft
3 119 (6.80%) Google
4 96 (5.49%) Tableau
5 49 (2.80%) IBM
6 36 (2.06%) Sybase
6 36 (2.06%) Xamarin
7 29 (1.66%) Red Hat
8 28 (1.60%) VMware
9 27 (1.54%) Zend
10 23 (1.31%) Adobe
11 21 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
12 17 (0.97%) Databricks
13 16 (0.91%) HP
14 15 (0.86%) Cisco
14 15 (0.86%) Talend
15 14 (0.80%) Dell
15 14 (0.80%) TIBCO
16 13 (0.74%) Cloudera
17 12 (0.69%) New Relic