Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 105 140 140
Rank change year-on-year +35 0 -21
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 3,441 1,031 3,274
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.14% 2.34% 2.58%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 11.23% 8.11% 9.46%
Number of salaries quoted 1,867 838 2,554
10th Percentile £37,000 £32,500 £32,000
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £72,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £87,500 £92,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +14.29% - +5.00%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 30,633 12,711 34,597
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 27.98% 28.88% 27.28%
Number of salaries quoted 20,024 10,855 28,990
10th Percentile £35,000 £34,000 £31,500
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £58,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +6.36% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +60 1,918 £72,500 +7.41% 227
South East +27 624 £52,500 +5.00% 71
North of England -24 313 £50,000 +10.89% 75
South West -12 213 £50,000 +5.26% 36
Midlands -47 189 £50,000 +9.89% 54
West Midlands -20 149 £47,500 - 32
North West -31 148 £50,000 +10.66% 49
Yorkshire -20 144 £50,000 +11.11% 19
East of England -52 111 £60,000 - 27
East Midlands -90 40 £51,250 +20.59% 22
North East -21 21 £37,500 -28.57% 7
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,735 (50.42%) Agile Software Development
2 1,570 (45.63%) SQL
3 1,225 (35.60%) Java
4 1,206 (35.05%) AWS
5 1,065 (30.95%) Python
6 1,000 (29.06%) Software Engineering
7 964 (28.02%) Finance
8 936 (27.20%) Microservices
9 932 (27.09%) Social Skills
10 922 (26.79%) Azure
11 913 (26.53%) JavaScript
12 882 (25.63%) PostgreSQL
13 852 (24.76%) SQL Server
14 843 (24.50%) Git (software)
15 841 (24.44%) DevOps
16 820 (23.83%) RDBMS
17 799 (23.22%) Degree
18 797 (23.16%) NoSQL
19 739 (21.48%) Spring
20 723 (21.01%) React
21 719 (20.90%) Docker
22 703 (20.43%) Scrum
23 701 (20.37%) Linux
24 697 (20.26%) C#
25 664 (19.30%) Computer Science
26 660 (19.18%) Oracle
27 652 (18.95%) Node.js
28 638 (18.54%) AngularJS
29 632 (18.37%) MySQL
30 628 (18.25%) RESTful

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 328 (9.53%) Apache Spark
2 224 (6.51%) Apache
3 156 (4.53%) Elasticsearch
4 148 (4.30%) GemFire
5 112 (3.25%) Confluence
6 96 (2.79%) WebLogic
7 74 (2.15%) Tomcat
8 52 (1.51%) CMS
9 49 (1.42%) Cloud Foundry
10 47 (1.37%) Apache Airflow
11 44 (1.28%) JBoss
12 42 (1.22%) Tornado
13 30 (0.87%) SAS
14 29 (0.84%) SharePoint
15 28 (0.81%) IIS
16 24 (0.70%) Luigi
17 22 (0.64%) Oracle Coherence
18 20 (0.58%) Mule
19 18 (0.52%) MQSeries
20 17 (0.49%) WordPress
Applications
1 90 (2.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 62 (1.80%) Microsoft Office
3 26 (0.76%) MS Visio
4 19 (0.55%) InVision
5 17 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 17 (0.49%) Photoshop
6 15 (0.44%) Adobe Illustrator
6 15 (0.44%) GIMP
7 14 (0.41%) Sketch
8 6 (0.17%) Chatbot
9 4 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.058%) Oracle Smart View
10 2 (0.058%) SPSS
10 2 (0.058%) Stata
Business Applications
1 20 (0.58%) Distributed Ledger
2 14 (0.41%) IBM Planning Analytics
3 13 (0.38%) NetSuite
4 10 (0.29%) Primavera
5 9 (0.26%) Adobe Campaign
6 8 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
6 8 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
7 7 (0.20%) Raiser's Edge
8 6 (0.17%) Shopify
9 5 (0.15%) JDE EnterpriseOne
9 5 (0.15%) Magento
9 5 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 4 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
11 3 (0.087%) Oracle Applications
11 3 (0.087%) Oracle BPM
11 3 (0.087%) Oracle ERP
12 2 (0.058%) Oracle EBS R12
12 2 (0.058%) Oracle General Ledger
12 2 (0.058%) Oracle Payables
12 2 (0.058%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,206 (35.05%) AWS
2 922 (26.79%) Azure
3 506 (14.71%) GCP
4 413 (12.00%) GitHub
5 283 (8.22%) Serverless
6 217 (6.31%) Power Platform
7 211 (6.13%) Amazon Kinesis
8 197 (5.73%) SaaS
9 127 (3.69%) Amazon EC2
10 115 (3.34%) Snowflake
11 114 (3.31%) Amazon S3
12 104 (3.02%) AWS Lambda
13 101 (2.94%) Amazon SQS
14 72 (2.09%) PaaS
15 67 (1.95%) Amazon ECS
16 55 (1.60%) Heroku
17 54 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
18 51 (1.48%) IaaS
18 51 (1.48%) OpenShift
19 45 (1.31%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 162 (4.71%) HTTP
2 100 (2.91%) Internet
3 66 (1.92%) Firewall
4 44 (1.28%) DNS
5 40 (1.16%) TCP/IP
6 23 (0.67%) Network Security
7 22 (0.64%) SSL
8 21 (0.61%) SMTP
9 19 (0.55%) VPN
10 16 (0.46%) MQTT
11 13 (0.38%) FTP
12 12 (0.35%) Broadband
13 11 (0.32%) 5G
14 10 (0.29%) SSH
15 9 (0.26%) SAN
15 9 (0.26%) SMS
16 5 (0.15%) HTTPS
17 4 (0.12%) AMQP
17 4 (0.12%) NAS
18 3 (0.087%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 882 (25.63%) PostgreSQL
2 852 (24.76%) SQL Server
3 820 (23.83%) RDBMS
4 797 (23.16%) NoSQL
5 632 (18.37%) MySQL
6 341 (9.91%) Big Data
7 339 (9.85%) Data Warehouse
8 305 (8.86%) MongoDB
9 301 (8.75%) Redis
10 236 (6.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 219 (6.36%) MariaDB
12 214 (6.22%) Power BI
13 210 (6.10%) HBase
14 191 (5.55%) Oracle Database
15 184 (5.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 168 (4.88%) Hadoop
17 142 (4.13%) Tableau
18 137 (3.98%) Data Lake
19 136 (3.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 130 (3.78%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 843 (24.50%) Git (software)
2 575 (16.71%) Jenkins
3 243 (7.06%) JIRA
4 230 (6.68%) JUnit
5 222 (6.45%) Gradle
6 217 (6.31%) Cypress.io
7 211 (6.13%) IntelliJ
8 199 (5.78%) Eclipse
9 190 (5.52%) Cucumber
10 182 (5.29%) Sonatype Nexus
11 156 (4.53%) Mockito
12 149 (4.33%) Protractor
13 146 (4.24%) Storybook
14 143 (4.16%) Artifactory
15 112 (3.25%) Maven
16 109 (3.17%) SonarQube
17 92 (2.67%) NUnit
18 89 (2.59%) Bitbucket
19 80 (2.32%) Octopus Deploy
20 77 (2.24%) Visual Studio
General
1 964 (28.02%) Finance
2 932 (27.09%) Social Skills
3 452 (13.14%) Banking
4 331 (9.62%) Analytical Skills
5 279 (8.11%) Law
6 259 (7.53%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 209 (6.07%) Retail
8 158 (4.59%) Games
8 158 (4.59%) Presentation Skills
9 135 (3.92%) Marketing
10 92 (2.67%) Public Sector
11 89 (2.59%) Advertising
12 78 (2.27%) Legal
13 68 (1.98%) Investment Banking
14 65 (1.89%) Manufacturing
15 54 (1.57%) Influencing Skills
16 53 (1.54%) Pharmaceutical
16 53 (1.54%) Telecoms
17 52 (1.51%) Back Office
18 45 (1.31%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,391 (40.42%) Developer
2 554 (16.10%) Software Engineer
3 334 (9.71%) Java Developer
4 289 (8.40%) Senior Developer
5 231 (6.71%) Software Developer
6 192 (5.58%) Data Engineer
7 191 (5.55%) Senior Software Engineer
8 190 (5.52%) Analyst
9 184 (5.35%) Architect
10 179 (5.20%) Full Stack Developer
11 161 (4.68%) Java Engineer
12 128 (3.72%) .NET Developer
13 126 (3.66%) Principal Engineer
14 116 (3.37%) Technical Leader
15 114 (3.31%) Lead Developer
15 114 (3.31%) Python Engineer
16 107 (3.11%) Principal Software Engineer
17 98 (2.85%) PHP Developer
18 91 (2.64%) Python Developer
18 91 (2.64%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 739 (21.48%) Spring
2 723 (21.01%) React
3 652 (18.95%) Node.js
4 638 (18.54%) AngularJS
5 628 (18.25%) RESTful
6 586 (17.03%) .NET
7 551 (16.01%) CSS
8 540 (15.69%) REST
9 529 (15.37%) Kafka
10 487 (14.15%) HTML
11 462 (13.43%) Web Services
12 379 (11.01%) JSON
13 337 (9.79%) RabbitMQ
14 260 (7.56%) Spring Boot
14 260 (7.56%) XML
15 243 (7.06%) Redux
16 232 (6.74%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 206 (5.99%) SOAP
18 205 (5.96%) ASP.NET
19 203 (5.90%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 293 (8.51%) User Experience
2 159 (4.62%) Algorithms
3 158 (4.59%) Linux Command Line
4 152 (4.42%) Enterprise Software
5 151 (4.39%) Data Structures
6 120 (3.49%) Mobile App
7 115 (3.34%) Self-Motivation
8 106 (3.08%) Cloud Native
9 96 (2.79%) Virtual Team
10 86 (2.50%) Blog
11 85 (2.47%) Greenfield Project
12 70 (2.03%) Management Information System
13 66 (1.92%) Derivative
14 62 (1.80%) Client/Server
15 56 (1.63%) Legacy Systems
16 52 (1.51%) NHS
17 41 (1.19%) Life Science
18 36 (1.05%) Clustering
19 33 (0.96%) Digital Media
19 33 (0.96%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 701 (20.37%) Linux
2 463 (13.46%) Unix
3 234 (6.80%) Windows
4 84 (2.44%) Android
5 62 (1.80%) Apple iOS
6 50 (1.45%) Windows Server
7 14 (0.41%) Solaris
8 13 (0.38%) Mac OS X
9 12 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
9 12 (0.35%) Windows Server 2016
10 10 (0.29%) Mac OS
11 9 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 4 (0.12%) AIX
13 3 (0.087%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.087%) VMS
13 3 (0.087%) Windows 10
14 2 (0.058%) CentOS
14 2 (0.058%) Debian
14 2 (0.058%) zOS
15 1 (0.029%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,735 (50.42%) Agile Software Development
2 1,000 (29.06%) Software Engineering
3 936 (27.20%) Microservices
4 841 (24.44%) DevOps
5 703 (20.43%) Scrum
6 664 (19.30%) Computer Science
7 603 (17.52%) Problem-Solving
8 589 (17.12%) Full Stack Development
9 585 (17.00%) TDD
10 570 (16.56%) OO
11 511 (14.85%) Analytics
12 501 (14.56%) Test Automation
13 422 (12.26%) Business Intelligence
14 369 (10.72%) Mentoring
15 364 (10.58%) Continuous Integration
16 336 (9.76%) SDLC
17 330 (9.59%) ETL
18 314 (9.13%) Software Testing
19 300 (8.72%) Open Source
20 299 (8.69%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 1,570 (45.63%) SQL
2 1,225 (35.60%) Java
3 1,065 (30.95%) Python
4 913 (26.53%) JavaScript
5 697 (20.26%) C#
6 311 (9.04%) TypeScript
7 225 (6.54%) PHP
8 218 (6.34%) Shell Script
9 190 (5.52%) Groovy
10 167 (4.85%) C++
11 165 (4.80%) T-SQL
12 144 (4.18%) PL/SQL
13 134 (3.89%) Scala
14 127 (3.69%) Java 8
15 121 (3.52%) R
16 120 (3.49%) Bash Shell
17 107 (3.11%) PowerShell
18 105 (3.05%) C
19 85 (2.47%) Ruby
20 84 (2.44%) Go
Qualifications
1 799 (23.22%) Degree
2 239 (6.95%) Computer Science Degree
3 150 (4.36%) Oracle Certification
4 146 (4.24%) OCP
5 117 (3.40%) Master's Degree
6 84 (2.44%) Security Cleared
7 77 (2.24%) SC Cleared
8 41 (1.19%) Numerate Degree
9 34 (0.99%) Microsoft Certification
10 28 (0.81%) PhD
11 20 (0.58%) DBS Check
12 17 (0.49%) ISEB
13 16 (0.46%) AWS Certification
14 11 (0.32%) ISTQB
15 10 (0.29%) CBAP
15 10 (0.29%) CEH
16 9 (0.26%) CISA
17 8 (0.23%) GIAC
17 8 (0.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 8 (0.23%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 316 (9.18%) QA
2 158 (4.59%) Data Quality
3 106 (3.08%) GDPR
4 25 (0.73%) MiFID
5 24 (0.70%) PMO
6 23 (0.67%) EMIR
7 21 (0.61%) Accessibility
8 18 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 14 (0.41%) SLA
10 9 (0.26%) CDISC
10 9 (0.26%) Good Clinical Practice
11 8 (0.23%) NIST
12 6 (0.17%) PCI DSS
12 6 (0.17%) WAI
13 5 (0.15%) HL7
13 5 (0.15%) IFRS
13 5 (0.15%) Solvency II
14 4 (0.12%) ISO 13485
14 4 (0.12%) PSD2
15 3 (0.087%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 719 (20.90%) Docker
2 157 (4.56%) HDFS
3 109 (3.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (0.41%) Active Directory
5 8 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
6 7 (0.20%) Hyper-V
7 6 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.058%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.058%) iptables
9 2 (0.058%) NFS
9 2 (0.058%) Postfix
9 2 (0.058%) Sendmail
9 2 (0.058%) Varnish
10 1 (0.029%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.029%) Firmware
10 1 (0.029%) Shibboleth
10 1 (0.029%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 608 (17.67%) Kubernetes
2 307 (8.92%) Ansible
3 242 (7.03%) Terraform
4 115 (3.34%) Opscode Chef
5 70 (2.03%) Grafana
6 69 (2.01%) Puppet
7 55 (1.60%) Docker Swarm
8 25 (0.73%) Kibana
9 24 (0.70%) Apache Brooklyn
10 23 (0.67%) logstash
11 17 (0.49%) HAProxy
12 16 (0.46%) Opsgenie
12 16 (0.46%) Pingdom
12 16 (0.46%) ZABBIX
13 12 (0.35%) MIIS
13 12 (0.35%) Prometheus
14 10 (0.29%) HP Fortify
14 10 (0.29%) WebInspect
15 9 (0.26%) Data Guard
15 9 (0.26%) Oozie
Vendors
1 660 (19.18%) Oracle
2 458 (13.31%) Microsoft
3 285 (8.28%) Google
4 174 (5.06%) VMware
5 151 (4.39%) Okta
6 99 (2.88%) Salesforce.com
7 75 (2.18%) Sybase
8 65 (1.89%) Splunk
9 59 (1.71%) IBM
10 57 (1.66%) ServiceNow
11 53 (1.54%) Databricks
12 51 (1.48%) MuleSoft
13 50 (1.45%) SAP
14 46 (1.34%) Facebook
14 46 (1.34%) Informatica
15 45 (1.31%) New Relic
16 43 (1.25%) Talend
17 36 (1.05%) Xamarin
17 36 (1.05%) Zend
18 35 (1.02%) Solace