Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 2 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK > England
6 months to
2 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 95 118 142
Rank change year-on-year +23 +24 +4
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 5,157 2,781 1,750
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.43% 2.91% 2.40%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 12.51% 10.48% 8.83%
Number of salaries quoted 1,942 1,580 1,346
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £45,043 £42,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £59,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year -1.67% +4.35% +8.49%
75th Percentile £81,250 £81,250 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £101,250 £92,500
UK median annual salary £59,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year -1.67% +4.35% +9.52%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 41,211 26,548 19,825
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 27.41% 27.78% 27.22%
Number of salaries quoted 19,141 18,624 16,438
10th Percentile £36,250 £34,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,130 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £91,250 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +10.00%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database in England.

Salary trend for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database in England over the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in England

Relational Database
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the England region over the 6 months to 2 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +4 3,337 £72,500 - 151
South East +10 717 £55,000 - 27
North of England -1 379 £52,500 +5.00% 47
South West +30 255 £50,238 +5.76% 26
North West +31 238 £52,500 - 26
Midlands +2 230 £50,000 +11.11% 27
East of England -26 168 £45,000 -18.18% 16
West Midlands -46 126 £50,000 +9.70% 15
Yorkshire -60 109 £50,000 +5.26% 17
East Midlands +29 102 £47,500 +14.46% 11
North East -3 32 £43,500 +16.00% 4
Relational Database
UK

For the 6 months to 2 July 2022, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2,935 (56.91%) Agile
2 2,429 (47.10%) SQL
3 2,185 (42.37%) AWS
4 1,707 (33.10%) Finance
5 1,651 (32.01%) Java
6 1,603 (31.08%) Python
7 1,534 (29.75%) Software Engineering
8 1,505 (29.18%) Microservices
9 1,495 (28.99%) JavaScript
10 1,442 (27.96%) Azure
11 1,408 (27.30%) Social Skills
12 1,362 (26.41%) CI/CD
13 1,294 (25.09%) DevOps
14 1,261 (24.45%) Kubernetes
15 1,226 (23.77%) PostgreSQL
16 1,188 (23.04%) Docker
17 1,175 (22.78%) Git (software)
18 1,164 (22.57%) SQL Server
19 1,139 (22.09%) MySQL
20 1,138 (22.07%) RDBMS
21 1,067 (20.69%) GCP
22 1,060 (20.55%) NoSQL
23 1,033 (20.03%) C#
24 1,013 (19.64%) React
25 1,002 (19.43%) Scrum
26 970 (18.81%) Mentoring
27 942 (18.27%) Degree
28 925 (17.94%) Microsoft
29 920 (17.84%) Problem-Solving
30 896 (17.37%) Spring

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 284 (5.51%) Apache
2 196 (3.80%) Apache Spark
3 109 (2.11%) Confluence
4 87 (1.69%) Apache Airflow
5 82 (1.59%) CMS
6 69 (1.34%) Tornado
7 56 (1.09%) Cloud Foundry
8 46 (0.89%) Oracle Workflow
9 37 (0.72%) Tomcat
10 35 (0.68%) Jupyter
11 33 (0.64%) Apache Solr
12 32 (0.62%) nginx
12 32 (0.62%) WordPress
13 26 (0.50%) SharePoint
14 22 (0.43%) WebSphere
15 19 (0.37%) Apache Pulsar
15 19 (0.37%) WebLogic
16 18 (0.35%) JBoss
17 16 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
18 14 (0.27%) IIS
Applications
1 188 (3.65%) Microsoft Excel
2 77 (1.49%) Microsoft Office
3 45 (0.87%) MS Visio
4 32 (0.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 22 (0.43%) InVision
5 22 (0.43%) OmniGraffle
5 22 (0.43%) Sketch
6 21 (0.41%) Photoshop
6 21 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.097%) SPSS
8 3 (0.058%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.039%) FileZilla
10 1 (0.019%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.019%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 47 (0.91%) Magento
2 32 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
3 24 (0.47%) Temenos T24
4 16 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
4 16 (0.31%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 12 (0.23%) JDE OneWorld
6 10 (0.19%) Summit
7 8 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
7 8 (0.16%) Avolution ABACUS
7 8 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
7 8 (0.16%) Shopify
8 7 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
8 7 (0.14%) Exstream
9 6 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
9 6 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 4 (0.078%) Acoustic Campaign
10 4 (0.078%) NetSuite
11 3 (0.058%) FastStats
11 3 (0.058%) FastStats PeopleStage
11 3 (0.058%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 2,185 (42.37%) AWS
2 1,442 (27.96%) Azure
3 1,067 (20.69%) GCP
4 779 (15.11%) Serverless
5 536 (10.39%) GitHub
6 340 (6.59%) Power Platform
7 333 (6.46%) SaaS
8 323 (6.26%) PaaS
9 234 (4.54%) AWS Lambda
10 220 (4.27%) Amazon S3
11 196 (3.80%) Azure DevOps
12 192 (3.72%) Amazon Kinesis
13 168 (3.26%) Google Compute Engine
14 167 (3.24%) Google Kubernetes Engine
15 162 (3.14%) Google App Engine
16 159 (3.08%) Cloud Functions
17 156 (3.03%) Dialogflow
18 155 (3.01%) Amazon EC2
19 150 (2.91%) Cloud Computing
19 150 (2.91%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 149 (2.89%) HTTP
2 54 (1.05%) Internet
3 52 (1.01%) Firewall
4 43 (0.83%) DNS
5 37 (0.72%) Broadband
6 29 (0.56%) MQTT
7 19 (0.37%) SAN
7 19 (0.37%) WAN
8 18 (0.35%) PPP
8 18 (0.35%) SSH
9 16 (0.31%) Intranet
9 16 (0.31%) LAN
10 13 (0.25%) FTP
11 11 (0.21%) SSL
12 10 (0.19%) DHCP
13 9 (0.17%) 5G
14 8 (0.16%) TCP/IP
15 6 (0.12%) VoIP
15 6 (0.12%) Wireless
16 5 (0.097%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,226 (23.77%) PostgreSQL
2 1,164 (22.57%) SQL Server
3 1,139 (22.09%) MySQL
4 1,138 (22.07%) RDBMS
5 1,060 (20.55%) NoSQL
6 522 (10.12%) Data Warehouse
7 472 (9.15%) MongoDB
8 434 (8.42%) Big Data
9 414 (8.03%) Redis
10 319 (6.19%) Power BI
11 286 (5.55%) Elasticsearch
12 260 (5.04%) BigQuery
13 256 (4.96%) DynamoDB
14 251 (4.87%) Data Lake
15 201 (3.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 198 (3.84%) Tableau
17 189 (3.66%) Hadoop
18 160 (3.10%) Amazon RDS
19 156 (3.03%) Cloud Spanner
20 155 (3.01%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 1,175 (22.78%) Git (software)
2 636 (12.33%) Jenkins
3 324 (6.28%) JIRA
4 280 (5.43%) JUnit
5 265 (5.14%) Gradle
6 251 (4.87%) Maven
7 233 (4.52%) GitLab
8 193 (3.74%) Mockito
9 141 (2.73%) webpack
10 140 (2.71%) Cypress.io
11 134 (2.60%) Selenium
12 126 (2.44%) Bitbucket
13 114 (2.21%) Artifactory
14 93 (1.80%) TeamCity
15 92 (1.78%) Visual Studio
16 87 (1.69%) CircleCI
17 83 (1.61%) Octopus Deploy
18 72 (1.40%) Postman
19 71 (1.38%) SonarQube
20 67 (1.30%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,707 (33.10%) Finance
2 1,408 (27.30%) Social Skills
3 716 (13.88%) Analytical Skills
4 478 (9.27%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 411 (7.97%) Banking
6 395 (7.66%) Retail
7 370 (7.17%) Manufacturing
8 344 (6.67%) Games
9 248 (4.81%) Law
10 163 (3.16%) Marketing
11 161 (3.12%) Automotive
12 159 (3.08%) Public Sector
13 137 (2.66%) Publishing
14 131 (2.54%) Legal
15 110 (2.13%) Influencing Skills
16 101 (1.96%) Advertising
16 101 (1.96%) Presentation Skills
17 79 (1.53%) Back Office
18 75 (1.45%) Organisational Skills
19 69 (1.34%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 1,756 (34.05%) Developer
2 768 (14.89%) Software Engineer
3 413 (8.01%) Senior Developer
4 383 (7.43%) Data Engineer
5 365 (7.08%) Analyst
6 362 (7.02%) Java Engineer
7 352 (6.83%) Software Developer
8 350 (6.79%) Senior Software Engineer
9 285 (5.53%) Java Developer
10 232 (4.50%) Architect
11 231 (4.48%) Full Stack Developer
12 228 (4.42%) Principal Engineer
13 209 (4.05%) Cloud Engineer
14 180 (3.49%) .NET Developer
15 179 (3.47%) Backend Developer
16 177 (3.43%) Lead Developer
17 170 (3.30%) GCP Engineer
18 159 (3.08%) Applications Engineer
19 143 (2.77%) Senior Java Engineer
20 138 (2.68%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,013 (19.64%) React
2 896 (17.37%) Spring
3 857 (16.62%) .NET
4 855 (16.58%) RESTful
5 850 (16.48%) REST
6 812 (15.75%) Node.js
7 747 (14.49%) CSS
8 744 (14.43%) HTML
9 616 (11.94%) Kafka
10 569 (11.03%) AngularJS
11 526 (10.20%) Spring Boot
12 515 (9.99%) Web Services
13 425 (8.24%) RabbitMQ
14 389 (7.54%) JSON
15 382 (7.41%) Vue.js
16 369 (7.16%) .NET Core
17 358 (6.94%) Hibernate
18 351 (6.81%) ASP.NET
19 321 (6.22%) .NET Framework
20 298 (5.78%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 406 (7.87%) User Experience
2 346 (6.71%) Life Science
3 320 (6.21%) Algorithms
4 276 (5.35%) Data Structures
5 263 (5.10%) Mobile App
6 256 (4.96%) Self-Motivation
7 182 (3.53%) Legacy Applications
8 170 (3.30%) Greenfield Project
9 167 (3.24%) Blog
10 164 (3.18%) Enterprise Software
11 144 (2.79%) Cloud Native
11 144 (2.79%) Virtual Team
12 136 (2.64%) Legacy Systems
13 105 (2.04%) Management Information System
14 102 (1.98%) Sports Betting
15 71 (1.38%) Derivative
16 65 (1.26%) Linux Command Line
17 59 (1.14%) Replication
18 58 (1.12%) Equities
19 57 (1.11%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 660 (12.80%) Linux
2 350 (6.79%) Unix
3 340 (6.59%) Windows
4 119 (2.31%) Android
5 112 (2.17%) Apple iOS
6 74 (1.43%) Windows Server
7 69 (1.34%) Ubuntu
8 52 (1.01%) VMS
9 41 (0.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 30 (0.58%) CentOS
11 9 (0.17%) Alpine Linux
12 7 (0.14%) Debian
13 6 (0.12%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 6 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
14 4 (0.078%) Amazon Linux
15 3 (0.058%) AIX
15 3 (0.058%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.058%) MVS
15 3 (0.058%) Windows Server 2019
15 3 (0.058%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,935 (56.91%) Agile
2 1,534 (29.75%) Software Engineering
3 1,505 (29.18%) Microservices
4 1,362 (26.41%) CI/CD
5 1,294 (25.09%) DevOps
6 1,002 (19.43%) Scrum
7 970 (18.81%) Mentoring
8 920 (17.84%) Problem-Solving
9 882 (17.10%) Test Automation
10 833 (16.15%) OO
11 820 (15.90%) Computer Science
12 780 (15.13%) Full Stack Development
13 767 (14.87%) TDD
14 721 (13.98%) SDLC
15 709 (13.75%) Continuous Integration
16 666 (12.91%) Analytics
17 610 (11.83%) Coaching
18 549 (10.65%) ETL
19 540 (10.47%) Business Intelligence
20 521 (10.10%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,429 (47.10%) SQL
2 1,651 (32.01%) Java
3 1,603 (31.08%) Python
4 1,495 (28.99%) JavaScript
5 1,033 (20.03%) C#
6 622 (12.06%) TypeScript
7 293 (5.68%) PHP
8 251 (4.87%) Go
9 238 (4.62%) T-SQL
10 232 (4.50%) Scala
11 212 (4.11%) C++
12 192 (3.72%) Ruby
13 185 (3.59%) PowerShell
14 182 (3.53%) Bash
15 165 (3.20%) Kotlin
16 161 (3.12%) C
17 152 (2.95%) R
18 147 (2.85%) ES6
19 135 (2.62%) Shell Script
20 118 (2.29%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 942 (18.27%) Degree
2 343 (6.65%) Computer Science Degree
3 142 (2.75%) Microsoft Certification
4 122 (2.37%) Master's Degree
5 112 (2.17%) Security Cleared
6 73 (1.42%) Oracle Certification
7 71 (1.38%) SC Cleared
8 70 (1.36%) OCP
9 29 (0.56%) ISTQB
10 22 (0.43%) PMI Certification
11 14 (0.27%) CISSP
11 14 (0.27%) CSSLP
12 12 (0.23%) MCP
13 11 (0.21%) MCSE
13 11 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
14 10 (0.19%) PhD
15 9 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
16 7 (0.14%) AWS Certification
16 7 (0.14%) ISEB
17 6 (0.12%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 459 (8.90%) QA
2 153 (2.97%) Data Quality
3 113 (2.19%) Accessibility
4 90 (1.75%) GDPR
5 31 (0.60%) SLA
6 29 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 22 (0.43%) EMIR
7 22 (0.43%) FATCA
7 22 (0.43%) MiFID
7 22 (0.43%) PCI DSS
8 17 (0.33%) IFRS
8 17 (0.33%) IFRS 17
9 12 (0.23%) Actionable Recommendations
10 9 (0.17%) ISO 9001
11 6 (0.12%) HIPAA
12 5 (0.097%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.058%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 2 (0.039%) ISO 15022
14 2 (0.039%) ISO 20022
14 2 (0.039%) PMO
System Software
1 1,188 (23.04%) Docker
2 33 (0.64%) Active Directory
3 27 (0.52%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (0.41%) zsh
5 18 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (0.16%) HDFS
7 7 (0.14%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.12%) BitLocker
9 5 (0.097%) Slurm Workload Manager
10 4 (0.078%) Firmware
10 4 (0.078%) Oracle RAC
10 4 (0.078%) vSphere
11 3 (0.058%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.058%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 2 (0.039%) Virtual Servers
13 1 (0.019%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 1 (0.019%) LXC
13 1 (0.019%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 1 (0.019%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1,261 (24.45%) Kubernetes
2 547 (10.61%) Terraform
3 229 (4.44%) Ansible
4 144 (2.79%) Opscode Chef
5 124 (2.40%) Puppet
6 77 (1.49%) Docker Swarm
7 62 (1.20%) Grafana
8 37 (0.72%) Kibana
9 33 (0.64%) logstash
10 31 (0.60%) ZABBIX
11 29 (0.56%) Opsgenie
12 28 (0.54%) HAProxy
12 28 (0.54%) MIIS
12 28 (0.54%) Pingdom
13 25 (0.48%) Prometheus
14 24 (0.47%) Istio
15 16 (0.31%) Argo
16 15 (0.29%) Data Guard
16 15 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
17 12 (0.23%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 925 (17.94%) Microsoft
2 732 (14.19%) Google
3 698 (13.54%) Oracle
4 147 (2.85%) Salesforce.com
5 141 (2.73%) Databricks
6 79 (1.53%) IBM
6 79 (1.53%) Teradata
7 69 (1.34%) Red Hat
8 61 (1.18%) New Relic
9 60 (1.16%) Sybase
10 48 (0.93%) Northgate
11 47 (0.91%) NEC
11 47 (0.91%) SAP
11 47 (0.91%) Splunk
11 47 (0.91%) Sun
12 45 (0.87%) Zend
13 43 (0.83%) VMware
14 40 (0.78%) Informatica
15 39 (0.76%) Xamarin
16 38 (0.74%) Talend