Period
to 16 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for OOP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OOP over the 6 months to 16 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)
UK > England
6 months to
16 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 137 160 166
Rank change year-on-year +23 +6 -10
Permanent jobs citing OOP 2,237 1,699 2,912
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.48% 2.22% 2.19%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.66% 2.40% 2.37%
Number of salaries quoted 1,575 1,427 2,494
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £66,250 £65,000 £65,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £80,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

OOP is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 84,191 70,864 122,675
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 93.32% 92.43% 92.30%
Number of salaries quoted 59,675 57,489 98,140
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,875 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

OOP
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing OOP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for OOP in England

OOP
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OOP in England.

Salary trend for OOP in England

OOP
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing OOP in England over the 6 months to 16 June 2021.

Salary histogram for OOP in England

OOP
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OOP within the England region over the 6 months to 16 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +16 857 £67,321 -0.27% 138
North of England +36 499 £50,000 +8.70% 104
South East -4 473 £50,000 +13.64% 62
North West +14 266 £47,500 -2.06% 61
South West -21 151 £44,000 -2.22% 36
Yorkshire +13 145 £48,750 +8.33% 31
Midlands -64 116 £41,250 +3.13% 51
East of England +52 104 £52,500 +16.67% 27
North East +51 94 £50,000 +17.65% 12
West Midlands -40 69 £42,500 +13.33% 32
East Midlands -45 47 £40,000 - 19
OOP
UK

For the 6 months to 16 June 2021, IT jobs citing OOP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for OOP.

1 1,139 (50.92%) JavaScript
2 1,077 (48.14%) OO
3 1,011 (45.19%) Agile Software Development
4 791 (35.36%) Software Engineering
5 759 (33.93%) C#
6 729 (32.59%) Java
7 711 (31.78%) HTML
8 647 (28.92%) CSS
9 641 (28.65%) AWS
10 638 (28.52%) Docker
11 600 (26.82%) Git (software)
12 586 (26.20%) PHP
13 576 (25.75%) MySQL
14 554 (24.77%) DevOps
15 527 (23.56%) SQL
16 503 (22.49%) Python
17 470 (21.01%) .NET
18 464 (20.74%) Microservices
19 444 (19.85%) RESTful
20 438 (19.58%) Azure
21 434 (19.40%) TDD
22 433 (19.36%) AngularJS
23 426 (19.04%) React
24 425 (19.00%) Node.js
25 421 (18.82%) Social Skills
26 420 (18.78%) REST
27 415 (18.55%) MVC
28 413 (18.46%) Linux
29 405 (18.10%) Kubernetes
30 369 (16.50%) SOLID

OOP
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (3.53%) CMS
2 71 (3.17%) Confluence
3 65 (2.91%) Apache
4 58 (2.59%) Elasticsearch
5 28 (1.25%) nginx
6 23 (1.03%) Apache Spark
7 22 (0.98%) IIS
8 20 (0.89%) Oracle Coherence
9 16 (0.72%) Drupal
9 16 (0.72%) WordPress
10 14 (0.63%) Apache Solr
11 12 (0.54%) EPiServer
12 9 (0.40%) Tomcat
13 8 (0.36%) OpenStack
14 7 (0.31%) IBM Domino
15 6 (0.27%) Headless CMS
16 5 (0.22%) SharePoint
16 5 (0.22%) Umbraco
17 4 (0.18%) JBoss
17 4 (0.18%) Jetty
Applications
1 20 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
2 15 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (0.67%) Photoshop
3 9 (0.40%) Adobe Illustrator
4 7 (0.31%) AutoCAD
5 6 (0.27%) InDesign
5 6 (0.27%) Revit
6 5 (0.22%) Adobe XD
6 5 (0.22%) Figma
7 4 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 4 (0.18%) Fireworks
7 4 (0.18%) Sketch
7 4 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.045%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.045%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 41 (1.83%) Magento
2 20 (0.89%) Distributed Ledger
3 16 (0.72%) Shopify
4 5 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
5 4 (0.18%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.089%) Dynamics NAV
6 2 (0.089%) Exchequer
6 2 (0.089%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.089%) Workday HCM
7 1 (0.045%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.045%) Infor M3
7 1 (0.045%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.045%) SAP Retail
7 1 (0.045%) SDL Web 8
7 1 (0.045%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 641 (28.65%) AWS
2 438 (19.58%) Azure
3 184 (8.23%) GCP
4 115 (5.14%) GitHub
5 101 (4.51%) SaaS
6 100 (4.47%) Serverless
7 89 (3.98%) AWS CloudFormation
8 45 (2.01%) AWS Lambda
9 44 (1.97%) Cloud Computing
10 37 (1.65%) Amazon SQS
11 27 (1.21%) Amazon Alexa
11 27 (1.21%) Azure Service Bus
12 24 (1.07%) npm
13 18 (0.80%) Amazon Kinesis
14 16 (0.72%) Amazon EC2
15 14 (0.63%) AWS CodeBuild
15 14 (0.63%) Azure Functions
16 13 (0.58%) Power Platform
17 12 (0.54%) Azure App Service
17 12 (0.54%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 66 (2.95%) HTTP
2 48 (2.15%) Internet
3 26 (1.16%) Network Security
4 25 (1.12%) Broadband
5 11 (0.49%) Intranet
5 11 (0.49%) Wi-Fi
6 10 (0.45%) TCP/IP
7 9 (0.40%) SSL
8 7 (0.31%) SSH
8 7 (0.31%) Wireshark
9 6 (0.27%) Wireless
10 5 (0.22%) H.323
11 3 (0.13%) DAB
11 3 (0.13%) DLNA
11 3 (0.13%) Multicast
11 3 (0.13%) UPnP
12 2 (0.089%) 4G
12 2 (0.089%) Firewall
13 1 (0.045%) LTE
13 1 (0.045%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 576 (25.75%) MySQL
2 345 (15.42%) SQL Server
3 263 (11.76%) NoSQL
4 189 (8.45%) Relational Database
5 182 (8.14%) MongoDB
6 130 (5.81%) PostgreSQL
7 59 (2.64%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 54 (2.41%) Big Data
9 43 (1.92%) Redis
10 34 (1.52%) MariaDB
10 34 (1.52%) SQL Server 2012
11 31 (1.39%) RDBMS
12 25 (1.12%) Couchbase
13 22 (0.98%) Oracle Database
14 17 (0.76%) Data Warehouse
14 17 (0.76%) Hadoop
14 17 (0.76%) Neo4j
15 16 (0.72%) Azure SQL Database
16 15 (0.67%) SQL Server 2017
17 14 (0.63%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 600 (26.82%) Git (software)
2 196 (8.76%) Jenkins
3 185 (8.27%) JIRA
4 129 (5.77%) JUnit
5 114 (5.10%) Maven
6 95 (4.25%) TeamCity
7 82 (3.67%) Selenium
8 58 (2.59%) webpack
9 56 (2.50%) Octopus Deploy
10 55 (2.46%) PHPUnit
11 50 (2.24%) Cucumber
12 49 (2.19%) Visual Studio
13 44 (1.97%) gulp
14 42 (1.88%) Mocha
15 39 (1.74%) Gradle
16 38 (1.70%) Cypress.io
17 37 (1.65%) Bitbucket
18 36 (1.61%) GitLab
18 36 (1.61%) Subversion
19 29 (1.30%) IntelliJ
General
1 421 (18.82%) Social Skills
2 321 (14.35%) Finance
3 180 (8.05%) Retail
4 176 (7.87%) Games
5 100 (4.47%) Analytical Skills
6 87 (3.89%) Marketing
7 80 (3.58%) Banking
8 46 (2.06%) Public Sector
9 44 (1.97%) Law
10 42 (1.88%) Manufacturing
11 35 (1.56%) Organisational Skills
12 28 (1.25%) Automotive
13 24 (1.07%) Presentation Skills
13 24 (1.07%) Wearables
14 23 (1.03%) Influencing Skills
15 20 (0.89%) Telecoms
16 18 (0.80%) Back Office
16 18 (0.80%) Pharmaceutical
17 17 (0.76%) Legal
17 17 (0.76%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,358 (60.71%) Developer
2 396 (17.70%) Software Engineer
3 343 (15.33%) PHP Developer
4 329 (14.71%) Senior Developer
5 199 (8.90%) Software Developer
6 152 (6.79%) .NET Developer
7 145 (6.48%) C# Developer
8 130 (5.81%) Java Developer
9 128 (5.72%) Senior Software Engineer
10 116 (5.19%) Full Stack Developer
11 110 (4.92%) Tester
12 104 (4.65%) JavaScript Developer
13 100 (4.47%) Backend Developer
14 92 (4.11%) C# .NET Developer
15 89 (3.98%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 85 (3.80%) Java Engineer
16 85 (3.80%) Senior PHP Developer
17 79 (3.53%) Software Tester
18 76 (3.40%) Games Tester
18 76 (3.40%) Trainee Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 711 (31.78%) HTML
2 647 (28.92%) CSS
3 470 (21.01%) .NET
4 444 (19.85%) RESTful
5 433 (19.36%) AngularJS
6 426 (19.04%) React
7 425 (19.00%) Node.js
8 420 (18.78%) REST
9 311 (13.90%) Web Services
10 303 (13.54%) HTML5
11 247 (11.04%) Symfony
12 241 (10.77%) Vue.js
13 233 (10.42%) Laravel
14 229 (10.24%) jQuery
15 198 (8.85%) Spring
16 195 (8.72%) CSS3
17 171 (7.64%) LAMP
18 167 (7.47%) .NET Core
19 152 (6.79%) XML
20 145 (6.48%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 145 (6.48%) Data Structures
2 143 (6.39%) Greenfield Project
3 132 (5.90%) User Experience
4 91 (4.07%) Mobile App
5 86 (3.84%) Self-Motivation
6 72 (3.22%) Algorithms
7 39 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
8 31 (1.39%) Client/Server
9 26 (1.16%) Cloud Native
9 26 (1.16%) Equities
10 24 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 21 (0.94%) Robotics
11 21 (0.94%) Social Media
12 19 (0.85%) Hedge funds
12 19 (0.85%) Spread Betting
13 16 (0.72%) NHS
14 14 (0.63%) Linux Command Line
14 14 (0.63%) Video\Live Streaming
14 14 (0.63%) Wiki
15 13 (0.58%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 413 (18.46%) Linux
2 142 (6.35%) Android
3 109 (4.87%) Windows
4 105 (4.69%) Apple iOS
5 37 (1.65%) Unix
6 13 (0.58%) Windows Server 2016
7 8 (0.36%) Ubuntu
8 6 (0.27%) Windows 10
8 6 (0.27%) Windows 7
8 6 (0.27%) Windows 8
9 4 (0.18%) Alpine Linux
9 4 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
9 4 (0.18%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.18%) VxWorks
10 3 (0.13%) Nucleus RTOS
11 2 (0.089%) FreeBSD
11 2 (0.089%) Tizen
11 2 (0.089%) webOS
11 2 (0.089%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.045%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,077 (48.14%) OO
2 1,011 (45.19%) Agile Software Development
3 791 (35.36%) Software Engineering
4 554 (24.77%) DevOps
5 464 (20.74%) Microservices
6 434 (19.40%) TDD
7 415 (18.55%) MVC
8 369 (16.50%) SOLID
9 362 (16.18%) Web Development
10 314 (14.04%) Problem-Solving
11 281 (12.56%) Unit Testing
12 276 (12.34%) Continuous Integration
13 274 (12.25%) Test Automation
14 257 (11.49%) Scrum
15 227 (10.15%) Computer Science
16 216 (9.66%) Front End Development
17 209 (9.34%) E-Commerce
18 202 (9.03%) Software Testing
19 185 (8.27%) SDLC
20 172 (7.69%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,139 (50.92%) JavaScript
2 759 (33.93%) C#
3 729 (32.59%) Java
4 586 (26.20%) PHP
5 527 (23.56%) SQL
6 503 (22.49%) Python
7 228 (10.19%) Go
8 224 (10.01%) TypeScript
9 209 (9.34%) C++
10 185 (8.27%) Ruby
11 153 (6.84%) Java 8
12 126 (5.63%) Scala
13 125 (5.59%) Kotlin
14 102 (4.56%) ES6
15 85 (3.80%) PHP 7
16 64 (2.86%) Apple Swift
17 62 (2.77%) C
18 41 (1.83%) Objective-C
19 40 (1.79%) T-SQL
20 38 (1.70%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 262 (11.71%) Degree
2 146 (6.53%) Computer Science Degree
3 76 (3.40%) CIW
3 76 (3.40%) OCA
3 76 (3.40%) OCP
3 76 (3.40%) Oracle Certification
4 31 (1.39%) Master's Degree
5 27 (1.21%) Microsoft Certification
5 27 (1.21%) Security Cleared
6 25 (1.12%) SC Cleared
7 21 (0.94%) ISTQB
8 6 (0.27%) DBS Check
9 5 (0.22%) HNC
9 5 (0.22%) HND
9 5 (0.22%) PhD
10 2 (0.089%) ISEB
10 2 (0.089%) MCDBA
10 2 (0.089%) MCP
10 2 (0.089%) MCSD
11 1 (0.045%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 173 (7.73%) QA
2 20 (0.89%) PMO
3 13 (0.58%) Accessibility
4 12 (0.54%) GDPR
5 6 (0.27%) PCI DSS
6 5 (0.22%) Data Quality
6 5 (0.22%) WAI
7 4 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.18%) WCAG
8 3 (0.13%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.089%) PSD2
10 1 (0.045%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 1 (0.045%) HL7
10 1 (0.045%) SLA
System Software
1 638 (28.52%) Docker
2 14 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
3 13 (0.58%) KVM
4 6 (0.27%) Ceph
5 5 (0.22%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.089%) LXC
7 2 (0.089%) Varnish
7 2 (0.089%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 405 (18.10%) Kubernetes
2 176 (7.87%) Terraform
3 28 (1.25%) Ansible
4 24 (1.07%) Puppet
5 12 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (0.27%) Galera Cluster
6 6 (0.27%) Rancher
7 5 (0.22%) Salt
8 4 (0.18%) Prometheus
8 4 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
9 3 (0.13%) Hadoop YARN
10 2 (0.089%) Docker Swarm
10 2 (0.089%) Icinga
10 2 (0.089%) Rundeck
10 2 (0.089%) SCCM
11 1 (0.045%) Consul
11 1 (0.045%) Failover Clustering
11 1 (0.045%) Grafana
11 1 (0.045%) Marathon
11 1 (0.045%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 348 (15.56%) Microsoft
2 210 (9.39%) Oracle
3 102 (4.56%) Google
4 94 (4.20%) Zend
5 54 (2.41%) Samsung
6 38 (1.70%) Salesforce.com
7 27 (1.21%) Bloomberg
8 23 (1.03%) ANSYS
9 21 (0.94%) Solace
10 19 (0.85%) Adobe
10 19 (0.85%) Atlassian
11 15 (0.67%) VMware
12 14 (0.63%) BT
13 13 (0.58%) Xamarin
14 10 (0.45%) Apple
14 10 (0.45%) SAP
15 8 (0.36%) SaltStack
15 8 (0.36%) Sun
16 7 (0.31%) AppDynamics
17 6 (0.27%) Percona