Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK > England
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 90 75 79
Rank change year-on-year -15 +4 -15
Permanent jobs citing OO 3,953 1,844 4,619
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.54% 4.05% 3.65%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.76% 4.35% 3.94%
Number of salaries quoted 2,326 1,552 3,830
10th Percentile £35,000 £34,000 £31,746
25th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £37,815
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 105,160 42,437 117,280
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.29% 93.14% 92.61%
Number of salaries quoted 70,521 35,739 94,792
10th Percentile £33,000 £33,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £91,250 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for OO in England

OO
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OO in England.

Salary trend for OO in England

OO
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing OO in England over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for OO in England

OO
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the England region over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -15 1,781 £75,000 +7.14% 287
South East +16 897 £50,000 - 109
North of England -31 566 £52,500 +10.53% 129
North West -35 287 £52,500 +5.00% 77
South West -9 276 £46,125 +2.50% 44
Midlands -33 235 £52,500 +23.53% 73
West Midlands -5 187 £47,500 +5.56% 47
Yorkshire -55 187 £50,000 - 40
East of England -55 131 £62,500 +19.05% 44
North East +11 98 £52,000 +20.93% 12
East Midlands -71 48 £58,750 +38.24% 26
OO
UK

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for OO.

1 2,193 (55.48%) Agile Software Development
2 1,662 (42.04%) Java
3 1,582 (40.02%) JavaScript
4 1,445 (36.55%) Software Engineering
5 1,328 (33.59%) OOP
6 1,139 (28.81%) C#
7 1,074 (27.17%) AWS
8 1,062 (26.87%) DevOps
9 1,034 (26.16%) Git (software)
10 1,027 (25.98%) SQL
10 1,027 (25.98%) TDD
11 981 (24.82%) Azure
12 973 (24.61%) React
12 973 (24.61%) Social Skills
13 970 (24.54%) Python
14 938 (23.73%) CSS
15 927 (23.45%) Microservices
16 907 (22.94%) HTML
17 900 (22.77%) .NET
18 862 (21.81%) Finance
19 859 (21.73%) Full Stack Development
20 828 (20.95%) Degree
21 802 (20.29%) Linux
22 733 (18.54%) Computer Science
23 729 (18.44%) OOD
24 725 (18.34%) Docker
25 705 (17.83%) C++
26 699 (17.68%) Jenkins
27 670 (16.95%) AngularJS
28 660 (16.70%) MVC

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 250 (6.32%) Apache Spark
2 218 (5.51%) Apache
3 198 (5.01%) Elasticsearch
4 138 (3.49%) Confluence
5 128 (3.24%) GemFire
6 93 (2.35%) CMS
7 87 (2.20%) Tomcat
8 77 (1.95%) WordPress
9 75 (1.90%) nginx
10 54 (1.37%) JBoss
11 37 (0.94%) IIS
12 34 (0.86%) Apache Airflow
13 24 (0.61%) Drupal
14 22 (0.56%) Apache Solr
15 20 (0.51%) WebLogic
16 19 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
16 19 (0.48%) SharePoint
17 15 (0.38%) Umbraco
18 14 (0.35%) IBM Domino
19 13 (0.33%) EPiServer
Applications
1 24 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (0.51%) Simulink
3 9 (0.23%) Sketch
4 7 (0.18%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
6 5 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.13%) Fireworks
7 2 (0.051%) Adobe XD
7 2 (0.051%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.025%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.025%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.025%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 29 (0.73%) Magento
2 15 (0.38%) Shopify
3 9 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
3 9 (0.23%) WebTrends
4 8 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
4 8 (0.20%) R3 Corda
5 6 (0.15%) SAP Business ByDesign
6 5 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.10%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 4 (0.10%) Workday HCM
8 3 (0.076%) Dynamics NAV
8 3 (0.076%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.051%) SAP ERP
9 2 (0.051%) SAP IBP
9 2 (0.051%) SAP Retail
10 1 (0.025%) Dynamics AX
10 1 (0.025%) Oracle BPM
10 1 (0.025%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,074 (27.17%) AWS
2 981 (24.82%) Azure
3 374 (9.46%) GCP
4 366 (9.26%) GitHub
5 298 (7.54%) Serverless
6 191 (4.83%) Amazon Kinesis
7 180 (4.55%) SaaS
8 154 (3.90%) AWS Lambda
9 110 (2.78%) Amazon S3
10 98 (2.48%) AWS CloudFormation
11 96 (2.43%) Cloud Computing
12 86 (2.18%) Amazon EC2
13 81 (2.05%) npm
14 77 (1.95%) Azure Functions
15 70 (1.77%) PaaS
16 66 (1.67%) Amazon ECS
17 60 (1.52%) Power Platform
18 57 (1.44%) Amazon SQS
19 44 (1.11%) OpenShift
20 43 (1.09%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 129 (3.26%) HTTP
2 110 (2.78%) Internet
3 96 (2.43%) Broadband
4 40 (1.01%) TCP/IP
5 30 (0.76%) DNS
6 24 (0.61%) SSH
7 22 (0.56%) FTP
8 18 (0.46%) Firewall
9 16 (0.40%) WebEx
10 12 (0.30%) SMTP
11 10 (0.25%) SSL
12 9 (0.23%) 5G
12 9 (0.23%) Network Security
13 7 (0.18%) Wireless
14 6 (0.15%) 4G
14 6 (0.15%) Intranet
14 6 (0.15%) SWIFTNet
14 6 (0.15%) Wireshark
15 5 (0.13%) MQTT
15 5 (0.13%) NFC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 601 (15.20%) SQL Server
2 590 (14.93%) NoSQL
3 575 (14.55%) MySQL
4 569 (14.39%) Relational Database
5 381 (9.64%) PostgreSQL
6 330 (8.35%) Redis
7 257 (6.50%) MongoDB
8 235 (5.94%) Big Data
9 175 (4.43%) MariaDB
10 126 (3.19%) HBase
11 90 (2.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 90 (2.28%) Amazon RDS
12 89 (2.25%) Data Warehouse
13 87 (2.20%) RDBMS
14 71 (1.80%) Hadoop
15 56 (1.42%) Apache Cassandra
16 47 (1.19%) Power BI
17 40 (1.01%) Data Lake
18 38 (0.96%) SQL Server 2019
19 37 (0.94%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,034 (26.16%) Git (software)
2 699 (17.68%) Jenkins
3 342 (8.65%) JIRA
4 310 (7.84%) JUnit
5 208 (5.26%) Cucumber
6 181 (4.58%) Gradle
7 175 (4.43%) Selenium
8 168 (4.25%) Mockito
9 161 (4.07%) Artifactory
10 160 (4.05%) Cypress.io
11 156 (3.95%) Sonatype Nexus
12 149 (3.77%) Maven
12 149 (3.77%) PHPUnit
12 149 (3.77%) TeamCity
13 148 (3.74%) IntelliJ
14 146 (3.69%) Subversion
15 144 (3.64%) Eclipse
16 136 (3.44%) Visual Studio
17 134 (3.39%) Octopus Deploy
18 133 (3.36%) Storybook
General
1 973 (24.61%) Social Skills
2 862 (21.81%) Finance
3 294 (7.44%) Banking
4 241 (6.10%) Analytical Skills
5 237 (6.00%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 204 (5.16%) Retail
7 191 (4.83%) Games
8 189 (4.78%) Law
9 127 (3.21%) Marketing
10 93 (2.35%) Advertising
11 92 (2.33%) Public Sector
12 84 (2.12%) Legal
13 79 (2.00%) Manufacturing
14 57 (1.44%) Electronics
15 55 (1.39%) Telecoms
16 53 (1.34%) Front Office
17 47 (1.19%) Automotive
18 45 (1.14%) Presentation Skills
19 28 (0.71%) Publishing
20 27 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,045 (51.73%) Developer
2 906 (22.92%) Software Engineer
3 496 (12.55%) Senior Developer
4 388 (9.82%) Java Developer
5 320 (8.10%) PHP Developer
6 303 (7.67%) Senior Software Engineer
7 276 (6.98%) Software Developer
8 269 (6.80%) .NET Developer
9 255 (6.45%) Full Stack Developer
10 243 (6.15%) C# Developer
11 173 (4.38%) Java Engineer
12 149 (3.77%) Java Software Engineer
13 141 (3.57%) Architect
14 134 (3.39%) Senior Java Developer
15 120 (3.04%) Backend Developer
16 118 (2.99%) C# .NET Developer
17 117 (2.96%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 112 (2.83%) Lead Developer
19 108 (2.73%) Principal Engineer
20 101 (2.56%) Principal Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 973 (24.61%) React
2 938 (23.73%) CSS
3 907 (22.94%) HTML
4 900 (22.77%) .NET
5 670 (16.95%) AngularJS
6 657 (16.62%) RESTful
7 648 (16.39%) Node.js
8 638 (16.14%) Web Services
9 607 (15.36%) REST
10 579 (14.65%) Spring
11 446 (11.28%) Kafka
12 410 (10.37%) JSON
13 350 (8.85%) HTML5
14 324 (8.20%) .NET Framework
15 302 (7.64%) jQuery
16 290 (7.34%) RabbitMQ
17 289 (7.31%) ASP.NET
18 288 (7.29%) .NET Core
19 283 (7.16%) Laravel
20 272 (6.88%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 382 (9.66%) Algorithms
2 371 (9.39%) User Experience
3 344 (8.70%) Data Structures
4 210 (5.31%) Self-Motivation
5 194 (4.91%) Greenfield Project
6 180 (4.55%) Mobile App
7 151 (3.82%) Linux Command Line
8 146 (3.69%) Enterprise Software
9 77 (1.95%) Legacy Code
10 75 (1.90%) Cloud Native
11 66 (1.67%) Legacy Systems
12 65 (1.64%) Social Media
13 59 (1.49%) Embedded Systems
14 50 (1.26%) Management Information System
15 41 (1.04%) Client/Server
16 37 (0.94%) Derivative
17 36 (0.91%) iPhone
18 35 (0.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 35 (0.89%) iPad
19 34 (0.86%) STB
Operating Systems
1 802 (20.29%) Linux
2 271 (6.86%) Unix
3 251 (6.35%) Windows
4 242 (6.12%) Android
5 217 (5.49%) Apple iOS
6 39 (0.99%) CentOS
7 35 (0.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 34 (0.86%) Mesosphere
9 23 (0.58%) Embedded Linux
10 14 (0.35%) Ubuntu
11 13 (0.33%) Mac OS
12 9 (0.23%) Windows Server 2016
13 5 (0.13%) Debian
13 5 (0.13%) Robot Operating System
13 5 (0.13%) VMS
14 4 (0.10%) Tizen
14 4 (0.10%) webOS
14 4 (0.10%) Windows Server
15 3 (0.076%) VxWorks
15 3 (0.076%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,193 (55.48%) Agile Software Development
2 1,445 (36.55%) Software Engineering
3 1,328 (33.59%) OOP
4 1,062 (26.87%) DevOps
5 1,027 (25.98%) TDD
6 927 (23.45%) Microservices
7 859 (21.73%) Full Stack Development
8 733 (18.54%) Computer Science
9 729 (18.44%) OOD
10 660 (16.70%) MVC
11 659 (16.67%) Test Automation
12 618 (15.63%) Scrum
13 610 (15.43%) Continuous Integration
14 609 (15.41%) Unit Testing
15 536 (13.56%) Problem-Solving
16 481 (12.17%) SOLID
17 465 (11.76%) Mentoring
18 409 (10.35%) Clean Code
19 375 (9.49%) Software Testing
20 366 (9.26%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 1,662 (42.04%) Java
2 1,582 (40.02%) JavaScript
3 1,139 (28.81%) C#
4 1,027 (25.98%) SQL
5 970 (24.54%) Python
6 705 (17.83%) C++
7 634 (16.04%) PHP
8 389 (9.84%) TypeScript
9 296 (7.49%) C
10 212 (5.36%) Go
11 170 (4.30%) Scala
12 164 (4.15%) Ruby
13 163 (4.12%) Groovy
14 158 (4.00%) Shell Script
15 149 (3.77%) Kotlin
16 134 (3.39%) Java 8
17 129 (3.26%) T-SQL
18 113 (2.86%) ES6
19 104 (2.63%) PHP 7
20 87 (2.20%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 828 (20.95%) Degree
2 296 (7.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 127 (3.21%) OCP
3 127 (3.21%) Oracle Certification
4 115 (2.91%) Security Cleared
5 95 (2.40%) SC Cleared
6 49 (1.24%) HND
7 40 (1.01%) Master's Degree
8 27 (0.68%) Numerate Degree
9 17 (0.43%) DV Cleared
10 15 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
11 13 (0.33%) ISTQB
12 12 (0.30%) PhD
13 8 (0.20%) ISEB
14 6 (0.15%) DBS Check
14 6 (0.15%) IIBA
15 5 (0.13%) PMI Certification
16 4 (0.10%) A+ Certification
16 4 (0.10%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
17 3 (0.076%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 291 (7.36%) QA
2 93 (2.35%) Accessibility
3 32 (0.81%) Data Quality
4 19 (0.48%) ISO 9001
5 17 (0.43%) Def Stans
5 17 (0.43%) MISRA
5 17 (0.43%) PCI DSS
6 14 (0.35%) GDPR
7 13 (0.33%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 12 (0.30%) GxP
9 10 (0.25%) WCAG
10 7 (0.18%) ISO 20022
11 6 (0.15%) ISO 15022
12 5 (0.13%) IEC 62304
12 5 (0.13%) ISO 13485
13 3 (0.076%) SLA
14 2 (0.051%) HIPAA
15 1 (0.025%) HL7
System Software
1 725 (18.34%) Docker
2 127 (3.21%) HDFS
3 99 (2.50%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (0.78%) Firmware
5 10 (0.25%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 5 (0.13%) Ceph
6 5 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (0.10%) KVM
8 3 (0.076%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.076%) LXC
8 3 (0.076%) vSphere
9 2 (0.051%) Varnish
9 2 (0.051%) vCloud
9 2 (0.051%) VMware NSX
10 1 (0.025%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 512 (12.95%) Kubernetes
2 285 (7.21%) Ansible
3 276 (6.98%) Terraform
4 98 (2.48%) Puppet
5 72 (1.82%) Opscode Chef
6 48 (1.21%) Prometheus
7 37 (0.94%) Kibana
8 34 (0.86%) Automic
9 27 (0.68%) Grafana
10 25 (0.63%) Consul
11 24 (0.61%) logstash
12 15 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
13 10 (0.25%) Single Sign-On
14 8 (0.20%) Graphite
14 8 (0.20%) ZABBIX
15 5 (0.13%) Galera Cluster
15 5 (0.13%) Istio
15 5 (0.13%) Kubeflow
15 5 (0.13%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
16 4 (0.10%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 402 (10.17%) Microsoft
2 230 (5.82%) Oracle
3 176 (4.45%) Google
4 140 (3.54%) VMware
5 139 (3.52%) Salesforce.com
6 132 (3.34%) Okta
7 58 (1.47%) SAP
8 57 (1.44%) Red Hat
9 54 (1.37%) Zend
10 52 (1.32%) Splunk
11 38 (0.96%) IBM
12 37 (0.94%) Apple
13 35 (0.89%) WooCommerce
14 31 (0.78%) Conga
14 31 (0.78%) DocuSign
15 24 (0.61%) Xamarin
16 22 (0.56%) Atlassian
16 22 (0.56%) BT
17 18 (0.46%) Databricks
17 18 (0.46%) Spotify