Period
to 16 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 16 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK > England
6 months to
16 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 87 78 72
Rank change year-on-year -9 -6 -22
Permanent jobs citing OO 2,867 3,434 5,311
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.59% 3.87% 3.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.86% 4.19% 4.30%
Number of salaries quoted 2,151 2,834 4,248
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £53,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +2.80% +7.00% -

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 74,285 82,006 123,464
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.96% 92.42% 92.37%
Number of salaries quoted 56,058 66,473 98,698
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for OO in England

OO
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OO in England.

Salary trend for OO in England

OO
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing OO in England over the 6 months to 16 May 2021.

Salary histogram for OO in England

OO
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the England region over the 6 months to 16 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -14 1,289 £72,500 +3.57% 198
South East +5 489 £50,000 +5.26% 103
North of England -3 486 £50,000 +3.09% 138
South West -33 266 £45,000 - 61
North West -14 210 £47,500 -5.00% 79
Yorkshire +11 195 £48,500 -3.00% 39
Midlands -46 168 £45,000 +7.14% 69
East of England +43 131 £53,750 +30.30% 36
West Midlands -37 101 £45,000 +4.65% 44
North East +17 83 £55,000 +37.50% 20
East Midlands -28 67 £47,500 +18.75% 25
OO
UK

For the 6 months to 16 May 2021, IT jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for OO.

1 1,366 (47.65%) JavaScript
2 1,332 (46.46%) Agile Software Development
3 1,124 (39.20%) Java
4 1,104 (38.51%) C#
5 950 (33.14%) SQL
6 944 (32.93%) Software Engineering
7 922 (32.16%) OOP
8 921 (32.12%) CSS
9 885 (30.87%) HTML
10 770 (26.86%) .NET
11 730 (25.46%) DevOps
12 720 (25.11%) Azure
13 699 (24.38%) AWS
14 654 (22.81%) Git (software)
15 653 (22.78%) Microservices
16 621 (21.66%) TDD
17 607 (21.17%) React
18 583 (20.33%) Python
19 575 (20.06%) Degree
20 562 (19.60%) Social Skills
21 543 (18.94%) MVC
22 533 (18.59%) Finance
23 523 (18.24%) Docker
24 500 (17.44%) SQL Server
25 473 (16.50%) Test Automation
26 464 (16.18%) PHP
27 450 (15.70%) AngularJS
28 447 (15.59%) HTML5
29 441 (15.38%) RESTful
29 441 (15.38%) Linux

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (3.63%) SharePoint
2 89 (3.10%) Confluence
3 81 (2.83%) Apache Spark
4 77 (2.69%) nginx
5 76 (2.65%) Elasticsearch
6 75 (2.62%) Apache
7 66 (2.30%) CMS
8 43 (1.50%) Tomcat
9 39 (1.36%) IIS
10 32 (1.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 31 (1.08%) WordPress
12 21 (0.73%) GemFire
13 20 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
14 18 (0.63%) Apache Airflow
15 17 (0.59%) EPiServer
15 17 (0.59%) Luigi
16 15 (0.52%) Drupal
16 15 (0.52%) Headless CMS
17 14 (0.49%) Umbraco
18 9 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 34 (1.19%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (0.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.17%) Photoshop
3 5 (0.17%) Simulink
4 4 (0.14%) Adobe XD
4 4 (0.14%) InVision
4 4 (0.14%) Sketch
5 3 (0.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 2 (0.070%) AutoCAD
6 2 (0.070%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.035%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.035%) Figma
7 1 (0.035%) Quicktime
Business Applications
1 125 (4.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 33 (1.15%) Magento
3 15 (0.52%) Dynamics AX
3 15 (0.52%) Shopify
4 6 (0.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 2 (0.070%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.070%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.035%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.035%) Infor M3
6 1 (0.035%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.035%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.035%) SAP BPC
6 1 (0.035%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.035%) SunGard Martini
6 1 (0.035%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.035%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 720 (25.11%) Azure
2 699 (24.38%) AWS
3 196 (6.84%) Serverless
4 176 (6.14%) GCP
5 149 (5.20%) SaaS
6 138 (4.81%) GitHub
7 119 (4.15%) Azure Service Bus
8 114 (3.98%) Azure App Service
9 113 (3.94%) PaaS
10 96 (3.35%) AWS Lambda
11 94 (3.28%) Azure Service Fabric
12 83 (2.90%) Azure Functions
13 72 (2.51%) Amazon EC2
13 72 (2.51%) Amazon S3
14 66 (2.30%) Azure Storage
14 66 (2.30%) Cloud Computing
15 63 (2.20%) AWS CloudFormation
15 63 (2.20%) Azure Active Directory
16 62 (2.16%) Azure Key Vault
17 58 (2.02%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 81 (2.83%) HTTP
2 62 (2.16%) Internet
3 27 (0.94%) TCP/IP
4 18 (0.63%) Broadband
5 17 (0.59%) SSH
6 14 (0.49%) FTP
7 11 (0.38%) DNS
7 11 (0.38%) Network Security
7 11 (0.38%) SMTP
8 7 (0.24%) H.323
8 7 (0.24%) Intranet
8 7 (0.24%) Tactical Data Link
8 7 (0.24%) Wireshark
9 6 (0.21%) Wireless
10 5 (0.17%) AMQP
10 5 (0.17%) SNMP
11 4 (0.14%) SSL
11 4 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
12 3 (0.10%) DLNA
12 3 (0.10%) UPnP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 500 (17.44%) SQL Server
2 438 (15.28%) MySQL
3 406 (14.16%) NoSQL
4 276 (9.63%) Relational Database
5 201 (7.01%) PostgreSQL
6 156 (5.44%) MongoDB
7 151 (5.27%) Redis
8 149 (5.20%) Big Data
9 72 (2.51%) Amazon RDS
9 72 (2.51%) RDBMS
10 66 (2.30%) Data Warehouse
11 61 (2.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 60 (2.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 59 (2.06%) Hadoop
14 52 (1.81%) Azure SQL Database
15 32 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
16 30 (1.05%) SQL Server 2019
17 28 (0.98%) MariaDB
18 27 (0.94%) SQL Server 2014
19 24 (0.84%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 654 (22.81%) Git (software)
2 395 (13.78%) Jenkins
3 213 (7.43%) JIRA
4 156 (5.44%) Selenium
5 140 (4.88%) Subversion
6 136 (4.74%) JUnit
7 113 (3.94%) Maven
7 113 (3.94%) Mercurial
8 106 (3.70%) Visual Studio
9 100 (3.49%) Visual Studio Team System
10 96 (3.35%) Team Foundation Server
11 90 (3.14%) Cypress.io
12 87 (3.03%) Cucumber
13 74 (2.58%) TeamCity
14 71 (2.48%) PHPUnit
15 64 (2.23%) webpack
16 58 (2.02%) GitLab
17 51 (1.78%) Storybook
18 47 (1.64%) Bitbucket
19 46 (1.60%) Mockito
General
1 562 (19.60%) Social Skills
2 533 (18.59%) Finance
3 227 (7.92%) Analytical Skills
4 218 (7.60%) Banking
5 145 (5.06%) Games
6 107 (3.73%) Retail
7 100 (3.49%) Public Sector
8 95 (3.31%) Marketing
9 68 (2.37%) Advertising
10 54 (1.88%) Manufacturing
11 50 (1.74%) Automotive
12 49 (1.71%) Legal
13 47 (1.64%) Law
14 45 (1.57%) Presentation Skills
15 43 (1.50%) Front Office
16 35 (1.22%) Telecoms
17 34 (1.19%) Wearables
18 30 (1.05%) Organisational Skills
19 29 (1.01%) Private Banking
20 27 (0.94%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1,636 (57.06%) Developer
2 523 (18.24%) Software Engineer
3 390 (13.60%) Senior Developer
4 289 (10.08%) C# Developer
5 271 (9.45%) .NET Developer
6 263 (9.17%) PHP Developer
7 253 (8.82%) Software Developer
8 241 (8.41%) Java Developer
9 228 (7.95%) Full Stack Developer
10 164 (5.72%) C# .NET Developer
11 149 (5.20%) Senior Software Engineer
12 148 (5.16%) Java Engineer
13 131 (4.57%) Java Software Engineer
14 121 (4.22%) JavaScript Developer
15 113 (3.94%) Senior C# Developer
16 94 (3.28%) Tester
17 91 (3.17%) Senior .NET Developer
18 83 (2.90%) Azure Developer
19 80 (2.79%) Junior
20 77 (2.69%) Trainee
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 921 (32.12%) CSS
2 885 (30.87%) HTML
3 770 (26.86%) .NET
4 607 (21.17%) React
5 450 (15.70%) AngularJS
6 447 (15.59%) HTML5
7 441 (15.38%) RESTful
8 432 (15.07%) Web Services
9 377 (13.15%) Node.js
10 357 (12.45%) REST
11 349 (12.17%) .NET Core
12 334 (11.65%) CSS3
13 304 (10.60%) Spring
14 303 (10.57%) .NET Framework
15 253 (8.82%) Laravel
16 246 (8.58%) ASP.NET
17 241 (8.41%) jQuery
18 217 (7.57%) Vue.js
19 208 (7.25%) JSON
20 207 (7.22%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 209 (7.29%) Data Structures
2 189 (6.59%) Greenfield Project
3 168 (5.86%) Mobile App
3 168 (5.86%) User Experience
4 161 (5.62%) Algorithms
5 112 (3.91%) Self-Motivation
6 94 (3.28%) N-Tier
7 69 (2.41%) Enterprise Software
8 54 (1.88%) Reinsurance
9 41 (1.43%) Cloud Native
10 38 (1.33%) Linux Command Line
11 29 (1.01%) Client/Server
11 29 (1.01%) Derivative
11 29 (1.01%) Fixed Income
11 29 (1.01%) Video\Live Streaming
12 25 (0.87%) Blog
12 25 (0.87%) NHS
12 25 (0.87%) Social Media
13 22 (0.77%) Cyberattack
14 21 (0.73%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 441 (15.38%) Linux
2 220 (7.67%) Android
3 153 (5.34%) Apple iOS
4 136 (4.74%) Windows
5 92 (3.21%) Unix
6 29 (1.01%) CentOS
6 29 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 21 (0.73%) Windows Server
8 14 (0.49%) Windows Server 2016
9 11 (0.38%) Embedded Linux
9 11 (0.38%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.24%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.21%) VxWorks
12 3 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.070%) Alpine Linux
13 2 (0.070%) Fedora
14 1 (0.035%) Debian
14 1 (0.035%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.035%) Solaris
14 1 (0.035%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,332 (46.46%) Agile Software Development
2 944 (32.93%) Software Engineering
3 922 (32.16%) OOP
4 730 (25.46%) DevOps
5 653 (22.78%) Microservices
6 621 (21.66%) TDD
7 543 (18.94%) MVC
8 473 (16.50%) Test Automation
9 413 (14.41%) Continuous Integration
10 408 (14.23%) Scrum
11 380 (13.25%) OOD
12 379 (13.22%) Computer Science
13 354 (12.35%) Problem-Solving
14 353 (12.31%) SOLID
15 328 (11.44%) BDD
16 309 (10.78%) Unit Testing
17 295 (10.29%) Software Testing
18 289 (10.08%) Mentoring
18 289 (10.08%) Web Development
19 203 (7.08%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,366 (47.65%) JavaScript
2 1,124 (39.20%) Java
3 1,104 (38.51%) C#
4 950 (33.14%) SQL
5 583 (20.33%) Python
6 464 (16.18%) PHP
7 349 (12.17%) C++
8 239 (8.34%) TypeScript
9 159 (5.55%) Java 8
10 156 (5.44%) T-SQL
11 111 (3.87%) ES6
12 104 (3.63%) Scala
13 92 (3.21%) PowerShell
14 87 (3.03%) C
15 86 (3.00%) Go
16 84 (2.93%) Kotlin
17 71 (2.48%) PHP 7
17 71 (2.48%) Ruby
18 65 (2.27%) Apple Swift
19 59 (2.06%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 575 (20.06%) Degree
2 213 (7.43%) Computer Science Degree
3 90 (3.14%) OCP
3 90 (3.14%) Oracle Certification
4 76 (2.65%) CIW
4 76 (2.65%) OCA
5 65 (2.27%) Security Cleared
6 44 (1.53%) SC Cleared
7 36 (1.26%) Master's Degree
8 27 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
9 17 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
10 16 (0.56%) DV Cleared
11 14 (0.49%) ISTQB
12 12 (0.42%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 12 (0.42%) PhD
13 7 (0.24%) DBS Check
14 6 (0.21%) HND
15 5 (0.17%) HNC
16 4 (0.14%) AWS Certification
16 4 (0.14%) MCDBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 193 (6.73%) QA
2 9 (0.31%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.17%) SOC 2
5 4 (0.14%) GDPR
5 4 (0.14%) SLA
6 3 (0.10%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.070%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.070%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.070%) WCAG
8 1 (0.035%) Def Stans
8 1 (0.035%) MiFID
8 1 (0.035%) MISRA
System Software
1 523 (18.24%) Docker
2 33 (1.15%) VMware Infrastructure
3 14 (0.49%) HDFS
4 12 (0.42%) KVM
5 6 (0.21%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.14%) Ceph
7 3 (0.10%) Firmware
8 1 (0.035%) GridGain
8 1 (0.035%) LXC
8 1 (0.035%) Platform Symphony
8 1 (0.035%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 386 (13.46%) Kubernetes
2 267 (9.31%) Terraform
3 154 (5.37%) Ansible
4 103 (3.59%) Opscode Chef
5 48 (1.67%) Puppet
6 16 (0.56%) Fortio
6 16 (0.56%) Istio
6 16 (0.56%) Kiali
7 6 (0.21%) Rancher
8 4 (0.14%) Galera Cluster
9 3 (0.10%) Argo
9 3 (0.10%) Grafana
9 3 (0.10%) MIIS
9 3 (0.10%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.10%) Salt
10 2 (0.070%) Nagios
10 2 (0.070%) Oozie
10 2 (0.070%) Packer
10 2 (0.070%) SCCM
10 2 (0.070%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 436 (15.21%) Microsoft
2 258 (9.00%) Oracle
3 86 (3.00%) Google
4 76 (2.65%) Salesforce.com
5 74 (2.58%) Nintex
6 66 (2.30%) Zend
7 36 (1.26%) VMware
8 34 (1.19%) Bloomberg
9 33 (1.15%) ANSYS
10 30 (1.05%) SAP
11 29 (1.01%) Apple
11 29 (1.01%) Red Hat
11 29 (1.01%) Xamarin
12 21 (0.73%) Okta
13 20 (0.70%) IBM
14 15 (0.52%) PayPal
15 13 (0.45%) Atlassian
16 10 (0.35%) Sitecore
17 9 (0.31%) Snapchat
18 7 (0.24%) Guidewire