Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented (OO)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 82 74 74
Rank change year-on-year -8 0 -17
Permanent jobs citing OO 3,790 2,598 5,118
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.78% 3.99% 3.83%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.03% 4.31% 4.14%
Number of salaries quoted 2,385 2,174 4,170
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £30,750
25th Percentile £42,999 £42,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £91,250 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 93,931 60,299 123,629
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 93.66% 92.51% 92.45%
Number of salaries quoted 64,975 49,340 99,375
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £93,750 £91,250 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for OO in England

OO
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OO in England.

Salary trend for OO in England

OO
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing OO in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Salary histogram for OO in England

OO
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the England region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -17 1,717 £72,500 +3.57% 304
South East +5 737 £50,000 - 107
North of England -4 574 £50,000 +5.26% 132
South West -17 356 £45,000 -2.17% 65
North West -14 261 £50,000 - 73
Yorkshire -8 221 £47,500 - 39
Midlands -33 208 £47,500 +18.75% 65
East of England +14 151 £62,500 +25.00% 49
West Midlands -16 149 £45,000 +5.88% 42
North East +15 98 £50,000 +25.00% 20
East Midlands -43 59 £47,500 +32.51% 23
OO
UK

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for OO.

1 1,985 (52.37%) Agile Software Development
2 1,644 (43.38%) JavaScript
3 1,556 (41.06%) Java
4 1,362 (35.94%) Software Engineering
5 1,241 (32.74%) OOP
6 1,233 (32.53%) C#
7 1,071 (28.26%) CSS
8 1,069 (28.21%) SQL
9 1,021 (26.94%) DevOps
10 1,013 (26.73%) HTML
11 1,012 (26.70%) AWS
12 1,004 (26.49%) React
13 968 (25.54%) Microservices
14 948 (25.01%) Azure
15 918 (24.22%) Git (software)
16 901 (23.77%) TDD
17 875 (23.09%) .NET
18 838 (22.11%) Python
19 825 (21.77%) Social Skills
20 769 (20.29%) Finance
21 764 (20.16%) Degree
22 724 (19.10%) Docker
23 717 (18.92%) Linux
24 655 (17.28%) AngularJS
25 652 (17.20%) Node.js
26 650 (17.15%) RESTful
27 644 (16.99%) MVC
28 643 (16.97%) Computer Science
29 641 (16.91%) Jenkins
30 628 (16.57%) SQL Server

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 214 (5.65%) Apache Spark
2 197 (5.20%) Apache
3 160 (4.22%) Elasticsearch
4 127 (3.35%) Confluence
5 110 (2.90%) GemFire
6 103 (2.72%) nginx
7 91 (2.40%) CMS
8 81 (2.14%) SharePoint
9 70 (1.85%) Tomcat
10 52 (1.37%) WordPress
11 47 (1.24%) IIS
12 35 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
13 30 (0.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 28 (0.74%) Apache Airflow
15 24 (0.63%) Drupal
16 20 (0.53%) JBoss
17 19 (0.50%) Apache Solr
18 18 (0.47%) EPiServer
19 14 (0.37%) Traefik
19 14 (0.37%) Umbraco
Applications
1 37 (0.98%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (0.42%) Simulink
3 8 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
4 7 (0.18%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.13%) Fireworks
7 4 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.026%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.026%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.026%) Figma
Business Applications
1 79 (2.08%) Dynamics CRM
2 43 (1.13%) Magento
3 23 (0.61%) Shopify
4 11 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
5 8 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
5 8 (0.21%) R3 Corda
6 7 (0.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 5 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
8 3 (0.079%) Dynamics NAV
8 3 (0.079%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.079%) Payment Gateway
8 3 (0.079%) Workday HCM
9 2 (0.053%) SAP ERP
9 2 (0.053%) WebTrends
10 1 (0.026%) Oracle Applications
10 1 (0.026%) Oracle BPM
10 1 (0.026%) SAP Retail
10 1 (0.026%) Sentinel
10 1 (0.026%) SunGard Martini
10 1 (0.026%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,012 (26.70%) AWS
2 948 (25.01%) Azure
3 317 (8.36%) GitHub
4 310 (8.18%) GCP
5 280 (7.39%) Serverless
6 184 (4.85%) SaaS
7 152 (4.01%) AWS Lambda
8 144 (3.80%) Amazon Kinesis
9 122 (3.22%) PaaS
10 115 (3.03%) Cloud Computing
11 107 (2.82%) Amazon S3
12 105 (2.77%) Azure Functions
13 102 (2.69%) Amazon EC2
14 100 (2.64%) AWS CloudFormation
15 97 (2.56%) Azure Service Bus
16 77 (2.03%) Azure App Service
17 75 (1.98%) Azure Service Fabric
18 66 (1.74%) Amazon ECS
19 56 (1.48%) Azure Key Vault
20 51 (1.35%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 109 (2.88%) HTTP
1 109 (2.88%) Internet
2 58 (1.53%) Broadband
3 24 (0.63%) FTP
4 23 (0.61%) SSH
5 15 (0.40%) DNS
6 13 (0.34%) Network Security
6 13 (0.34%) SMTP
7 11 (0.29%) TCP/IP
8 10 (0.26%) Wireless
9 9 (0.24%) WebEx
9 9 (0.24%) Wireshark
10 8 (0.21%) Intranet
11 7 (0.18%) AMQP
11 7 (0.18%) SSL
11 7 (0.18%) Tactical Data Link
12 6 (0.16%) SWIFTNet
12 6 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
13 5 (0.13%) SNMP
14 4 (0.11%) RIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 628 (16.57%) SQL Server
2 586 (15.46%) NoSQL
3 579 (15.28%) MySQL
4 516 (13.61%) Relational Database
5 381 (10.05%) PostgreSQL
6 309 (8.15%) Redis
7 242 (6.39%) MongoDB
8 234 (6.17%) Big Data
9 146 (3.85%) MariaDB
10 105 (2.77%) Amazon RDS
11 104 (2.74%) HBase
12 103 (2.72%) RDBMS
13 92 (2.43%) Data Warehouse
14 76 (2.01%) Hadoop
15 67 (1.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 58 (1.53%) Apache Cassandra
17 49 (1.29%) Azure SQL Database
18 43 (1.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 40 (1.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 35 (0.92%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 918 (24.22%) Git (software)
2 641 (16.91%) Jenkins
3 323 (8.52%) JIRA
4 305 (8.05%) JUnit
5 188 (4.96%) Cucumber
6 169 (4.46%) Selenium
7 163 (4.30%) Cypress.io
8 160 (4.22%) Subversion
9 155 (4.09%) Gradle
10 154 (4.06%) Maven
11 153 (4.04%) Mockito
12 131 (3.46%) Artifactory
13 126 (3.32%) Mercurial
14 123 (3.25%) Storybook
15 122 (3.22%) PHPUnit
16 121 (3.19%) Eclipse
16 121 (3.19%) Protractor
17 117 (3.09%) IntelliJ
18 115 (3.03%) Sonatype Nexus
18 115 (3.03%) TeamCity
General
1 825 (21.77%) Social Skills
2 769 (20.29%) Finance
3 344 (9.08%) Banking
4 264 (6.97%) Analytical Skills
5 228 (6.02%) Games
6 186 (4.91%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 176 (4.64%) Retail
8 155 (4.09%) Law
9 119 (3.14%) Marketing
10 116 (3.06%) Public Sector
11 88 (2.32%) Advertising
12 83 (2.19%) Legal
13 79 (2.08%) Manufacturing
14 71 (1.87%) Automotive
15 62 (1.64%) Presentation Skills
16 54 (1.42%) Front Office
17 49 (1.29%) Telecoms
18 47 (1.24%) Electronics
19 36 (0.95%) Publishing
20 35 (0.92%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 2,035 (53.69%) Developer
2 796 (21.00%) Software Engineer
3 490 (12.93%) Senior Developer
4 368 (9.71%) Java Developer
5 313 (8.26%) PHP Developer
6 300 (7.92%) C# Developer
7 282 (7.44%) Software Developer
8 276 (7.28%) Full Stack Developer
9 274 (7.23%) .NET Developer
10 232 (6.12%) Senior Software Engineer
11 165 (4.35%) Java Engineer
12 151 (3.98%) Java Software Engineer
13 149 (3.93%) C# .NET Developer
14 119 (3.14%) Backend Developer
15 116 (3.06%) Senior Java Developer
16 110 (2.90%) JavaScript Developer
17 107 (2.82%) Architect
18 97 (2.56%) Lead Developer
19 96 (2.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 96 (2.53%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,071 (28.26%) CSS
2 1,013 (26.73%) HTML
3 1,004 (26.49%) React
4 875 (23.09%) .NET
5 655 (17.28%) AngularJS
6 652 (17.20%) Node.js
7 650 (17.15%) RESTful
8 620 (16.36%) Web Services
9 554 (14.62%) Spring
10 534 (14.09%) REST
11 455 (12.01%) HTML5
12 385 (10.16%) Kafka
13 372 (9.82%) JSON
14 330 (8.71%) .NET Core
15 323 (8.52%) .NET Framework
16 314 (8.28%) CSS3
17 298 (7.86%) Laravel
18 285 (7.52%) jQuery
19 273 (7.20%) ASP.NET
20 258 (6.81%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 299 (7.89%) Data Structures
2 283 (7.47%) User Experience
3 267 (7.04%) Algorithms
4 203 (5.36%) Greenfield Project
5 197 (5.20%) Mobile App
6 145 (3.83%) Self-Motivation
7 141 (3.72%) Linux Command Line
8 134 (3.54%) Legacy Systems
9 121 (3.19%) Enterprise Software
10 73 (1.93%) N-Tier
11 53 (1.40%) Social Media
12 52 (1.37%) Legacy Code
13 48 (1.27%) Cloud Native
14 44 (1.16%) Embedded Systems
15 43 (1.13%) Client/Server
15 43 (1.13%) Derivative
16 38 (1.00%) iPhone
17 37 (0.98%) Blog
17 37 (0.98%) Reinsurance
17 37 (0.98%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 717 (18.92%) Linux
2 266 (7.02%) Android
3 220 (5.80%) Unix
4 202 (5.33%) Windows
5 193 (5.09%) Apple iOS
6 37 (0.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 36 (0.95%) CentOS
8 26 (0.69%) Embedded Linux
9 19 (0.50%) Mesosphere
10 14 (0.37%) Windows Server 2016
11 12 (0.32%) Windows Server
12 7 (0.18%) Ubuntu
13 4 (0.11%) FreeBSD
13 4 (0.11%) Tizen
13 4 (0.11%) VxWorks
13 4 (0.11%) webOS
14 3 (0.079%) Windows Phone
15 2 (0.053%) Alpine Linux
15 2 (0.053%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.053%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,985 (52.37%) Agile Software Development
2 1,362 (35.94%) Software Engineering
3 1,241 (32.74%) OOP
4 1,021 (26.94%) DevOps
5 968 (25.54%) Microservices
6 901 (23.77%) TDD
7 644 (16.99%) MVC
8 643 (16.97%) Computer Science
9 623 (16.44%) OOD
10 620 (16.36%) Test Automation
11 601 (15.86%) Scrum
12 524 (13.83%) Continuous Integration
13 503 (13.27%) Problem-Solving
14 499 (13.17%) Unit Testing
15 472 (12.45%) SOLID
16 451 (11.90%) Software Testing
17 431 (11.37%) Mentoring
18 421 (11.11%) BDD
19 396 (10.45%) Clean Code
20 323 (8.52%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,644 (43.38%) JavaScript
2 1,556 (41.06%) Java
3 1,233 (32.53%) C#
4 1,069 (28.21%) SQL
5 838 (22.11%) Python
6 580 (15.30%) PHP
7 520 (13.72%) C++
8 355 (9.37%) TypeScript
9 203 (5.36%) Java 8
10 174 (4.59%) C
11 166 (4.38%) T-SQL
12 157 (4.14%) ES6
13 142 (3.75%) Go
14 141 (3.72%) Groovy
15 128 (3.38%) Kotlin
15 128 (3.38%) Scala
16 126 (3.32%) Shell Script
17 119 (3.14%) Ruby
18 90 (2.37%) PHP 7
19 83 (2.19%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 764 (20.16%) Degree
2 332 (8.76%) Computer Science Degree
3 171 (4.51%) OCP
3 171 (4.51%) Oracle Certification
4 126 (3.32%) Security Cleared
5 103 (2.72%) SC Cleared
6 68 (1.79%) CIW
6 68 (1.79%) OCA
7 40 (1.06%) Master's Degree
8 28 (0.74%) Microsoft Certification
9 27 (0.71%) Numerate Degree
10 24 (0.63%) ISTQB
11 19 (0.50%) DV Cleared
12 10 (0.26%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 6 (0.16%) HND
13 6 (0.16%) PhD
14 5 (0.13%) HNC
15 4 (0.11%) AWS Certification
16 3 (0.079%) MCDBA
16 3 (0.079%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 257 (6.78%) QA
2 73 (1.93%) Accessibility
3 25 (0.66%) Data Quality
4 14 (0.37%) PCI DSS
5 12 (0.32%) GDPR
6 10 (0.26%) Def Stans
6 10 (0.26%) MISRA
7 9 (0.24%) ISO 20022
7 9 (0.24%) ISO 9001
8 8 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 6 (0.16%) ISO 15022
9 6 (0.16%) WCAG
10 5 (0.13%) SLA
10 5 (0.13%) SOC 2
11 3 (0.079%) 21 CFR Part 11
12 2 (0.053%) GxP
12 2 (0.053%) HIPAA
13 1 (0.026%) HL7
13 1 (0.026%) MiFID
System Software
1 724 (19.10%) Docker
2 102 (2.69%) HDFS
3 86 (2.27%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (0.47%) Firmware
5 8 (0.21%) KVM
6 7 (0.18%) Ceph
7 5 (0.13%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.11%) LXC
8 4 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.079%) vSphere
10 2 (0.053%) Active Directory
10 2 (0.053%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.053%) vCloud
10 2 (0.053%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.026%) GridGain
11 1 (0.026%) Platform Symphony
11 1 (0.026%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 542 (14.30%) Kubernetes
2 312 (8.23%) Terraform
3 275 (7.26%) Ansible
4 114 (3.01%) Opscode Chef
5 81 (2.14%) Puppet
6 23 (0.61%) Kibana
6 23 (0.61%) Prometheus
7 19 (0.50%) Automic
8 17 (0.45%) Grafana
8 17 (0.45%) logstash
9 15 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
10 14 (0.37%) Consul
10 14 (0.37%) Istio
11 9 (0.24%) Fortio
11 9 (0.24%) Kiali
12 8 (0.21%) Graphite
12 8 (0.21%) ZABBIX
13 7 (0.18%) Galera Cluster
14 6 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
15 5 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 477 (12.59%) Microsoft
2 301 (7.94%) Oracle
3 131 (3.46%) Google
4 126 (3.32%) VMware
5 111 (2.93%) Okta
6 90 (2.37%) Salesforce.com
7 73 (1.93%) Zend
8 49 (1.29%) Red Hat
9 48 (1.27%) Nintex
9 48 (1.27%) SAP
10 35 (0.92%) Splunk
11 33 (0.87%) Bloomberg
11 33 (0.87%) IBM
12 29 (0.77%) ANSYS
13 24 (0.63%) Atlassian
14 23 (0.61%) Apple
15 21 (0.55%) BT
16 20 (0.53%) Greenplum
17 18 (0.47%) PayPal
18 16 (0.42%) Xamarin