Period
to 18 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 18 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
18 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 131 112 119
Rank change year-on-year -19 +7 -2
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 3,473 4,556 4,655
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.66% 2.91% 2.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.88% 3.17% 3.04%
Number of salaries quoted 2,489 3,406 3,907
England median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.35% -
10th Percentile £35,400 £36,519 £32,500
90th Percentile £96,250 £90,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £59,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +1.69% +2.61% -

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 120,491 143,659 152,883
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.11% 91.79% 92.30%
Number of salaries quoted 95,410 115,295 121,530
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,450 £28,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £83,750 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Salary trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 18 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 18 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 1,780 £72,500 +3.57% 204
North of England +10 557 £50,000 +1.01% 87
South East -23 530 £52,500 - 76
North West +7 327 £57,500 +15.00% 51
South West -30 251 £53,750 +2.38% 39
Yorkshire -8 193 £45,000 -5.26% 22
Midlands -30 171 £50,000 -13.04% 41
West Midlands +8 142 £50,000 -9.09% 31
East of England +24 135 £50,000 -4.76% 28
North East +31 37 £50,000 +5.26% 14
East Midlands -55 27 £45,000 -25.00% 10
South Coast - 7 £60,000 -
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 18 September 2019, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,899 (54.68%) Agile Software Development
2 1,347 (38.78%) DevOps
3 1,253 (36.08%) Java
4 1,194 (34.38%) Python
5 1,063 (30.61%) AWS
6 986 (28.39%) Linux
7 897 (25.83%) Docker
8 889 (25.60%) Software Engineering
9 836 (24.07%) JavaScript
10 766 (22.06%) Azure
11 720 (20.73%) Git (software)
12 674 (19.41%) Kubernetes
13 653 (18.80%) SQL
14 607 (17.48%) Continuous Integration
15 575 (16.56%) Finance
16 546 (15.72%) C#
17 543 (15.63%) Jenkins
18 537 (15.46%) Microservices
19 531 (15.29%) Ansible
19 531 (15.29%) Degree
20 523 (15.06%) Test Automation
21 504 (14.51%) TDD
22 503 (14.48%) Problem-Solving
23 491 (14.14%) Scrum
24 431 (12.41%) Microsoft
25 419 (12.06%) .NET
26 414 (11.92%) Terraform
27 390 (11.23%) AngularJS
28 389 (11.20%) Computer Science
29 383 (11.03%) Puppet

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 254 (7.31%) Apache
2 195 (5.61%) Apache Spark
3 137 (3.94%) Elasticsearch
4 94 (2.71%) Confluence
5 83 (2.39%) nginx
6 79 (2.27%) OpenStack
7 67 (1.93%) CMS
8 60 (1.73%) IIS
9 44 (1.27%) Drupal
10 41 (1.18%) SharePoint
11 39 (1.12%) Tomcat
12 36 (1.04%) WordPress
13 34 (0.98%) Hyperledger
14 31 (0.89%) Apache Solr
14 31 (0.89%) JBoss
15 23 (0.66%) Apache Pig
16 22 (0.63%) ArcGIS
16 22 (0.63%) GeoServer
17 20 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 16 (0.46%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 26 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.20%) Sketch
3 6 (0.17%) Figma
3 6 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.12%) AutoCAD
4 4 (0.12%) InVision
4 4 (0.12%) Marvel
4 4 (0.12%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.086%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 3 (0.086%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.086%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.086%) Fireworks
5 3 (0.086%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.086%) SPSS
6 2 (0.058%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.029%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.029%) Stata
Business Applications
1 25 (0.72%) Distributed Ledger
2 23 (0.66%) Magento
3 18 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.29%) R3 Corda
5 6 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
6 5 (0.14%) PolarLake
6 5 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 4 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
8 3 (0.086%) OpenCart
8 3 (0.086%) osCommerce
8 3 (0.086%) SAP Business One
9 2 (0.058%) Oracle BPM
9 2 (0.058%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,063 (30.61%) AWS
2 766 (22.06%) Azure
3 347 (9.99%) GCP
4 186 (5.36%) GitHub
5 163 (4.69%) SaaS
6 142 (4.09%) Serverless
7 111 (3.20%) Cloud Computing
8 105 (3.02%) PaaS
9 86 (2.48%) AWS Lambda
10 83 (2.39%) Amazon EC2
11 82 (2.36%) AWS CloudFormation
12 77 (2.22%) OpenShift
13 74 (2.13%) Amazon S3
14 57 (1.64%) Amazon ECS
15 51 (1.47%) Amazon SQS
16 50 (1.44%) Office 365
17 45 (1.30%) IaaS
18 36 (1.04%) Slack
19 34 (0.98%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
20 33 (0.95%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 121 (3.48%) Firewall
2 111 (3.20%) TCP/IP
3 74 (2.13%) DNS
4 64 (1.84%) Internet
5 60 (1.73%) Network Security
6 54 (1.55%) HTTP
7 38 (1.09%) VPN
8 30 (0.86%) SSL
9 26 (0.75%) DHCP
10 23 (0.66%) Wireless
11 22 (0.63%) Asterisk PBX
12 21 (0.60%) Skype
13 19 (0.55%) Cisco ASA
14 18 (0.52%) WAN
14 18 (0.52%) Wireshark
15 17 (0.49%) LAN
16 12 (0.35%) BGP
16 12 (0.35%) OSPF
16 12 (0.35%) SAN
16 12 (0.35%) VRRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 333 (9.59%) Big Data
2 318 (9.16%) SQL Server
3 289 (8.32%) MySQL
4 256 (7.37%) PostgreSQL
5 255 (7.34%) NoSQL
6 248 (7.14%) MongoDB
7 216 (6.22%) Hadoop
8 146 (4.20%) Relational Database
9 113 (3.25%) Data Warehouse
10 103 (2.97%) Blockchain
11 94 (2.71%) Redis
12 86 (2.48%) Apache Cassandra
13 74 (2.13%) RDBMS
14 71 (2.04%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 66 (1.90%) Azure SQL Database
16 64 (1.84%) Data Lake
17 60 (1.73%) Amazon RDS
17 60 (1.73%) Geospatial Data
18 58 (1.67%) Amazon Redshift
18 58 (1.67%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 720 (20.73%) Git (software)
2 543 (15.63%) Jenkins
3 226 (6.51%) JIRA
4 150 (4.32%) Bitbucket
4 150 (4.32%) Selenium
5 147 (4.23%) TeamCity
6 144 (4.15%) Cucumber
7 119 (3.43%) JUnit
8 112 (3.22%) Visual Studio
9 106 (3.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 104 (2.99%) GitLab
11 87 (2.51%) Team Foundation Server
12 83 (2.39%) Maven
13 73 (2.10%) Visual Studio Team System
14 69 (1.99%) Travis CI
15 68 (1.96%) NUnit
16 65 (1.87%) Bitbucket Server
17 64 (1.84%) Octopus Deploy
18 60 (1.73%) SpecFlow
19 52 (1.50%) Vagrant
General
1 575 (16.56%) Finance
2 180 (5.18%) Retail
3 178 (5.13%) Marketing
4 170 (4.89%) Public Sector
5 153 (4.41%) Banking
6 147 (4.23%) Games
7 80 (2.30%) Telecoms
8 61 (1.76%) Electronics
9 58 (1.67%) Manufacturing
10 46 (1.32%) Automotive
11 43 (1.24%) Law
12 36 (1.04%) Front Office
13 35 (1.01%) Legal
14 23 (0.66%) Local Government
15 22 (0.63%) Publishing
16 18 (0.52%) Aerospace
17 12 (0.35%) Advertising
17 12 (0.35%) Billing
18 11 (0.32%) Back Office
19 9 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,156 (33.29%) Developer
2 365 (10.51%) DevOps Engineer
3 331 (9.53%) Software Engineer
4 292 (8.41%) Architect
5 262 (7.54%) Java Developer
6 204 (5.87%) Senior Developer
7 161 (4.64%) Software Developer
8 153 (4.41%) Consultant
9 136 (3.92%) AWS Engineer
10 124 (3.57%) .NET Developer
11 123 (3.54%) Linux Engineer
12 116 (3.34%) JavaScript Developer
13 115 (3.31%) C# Developer
14 111 (3.20%) Cloud Engineer
15 107 (3.08%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 100 (2.88%) Analyst
16 100 (2.88%) Data Engineer
17 96 (2.76%) Senior Software Engineer
17 96 (2.76%) Solutions Architect
18 95 (2.74%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 419 (12.06%) .NET
2 390 (11.23%) AngularJS
3 381 (10.97%) HTML
4 373 (10.74%) Node.js
5 372 (10.71%) CSS
6 341 (9.82%) React
7 339 (9.76%) Web Services
8 306 (8.81%) Spring
9 296 (8.52%) REST
10 242 (6.97%) RESTful
11 170 (4.89%) Kafka
12 163 (4.69%) ASP.NET
13 154 (4.43%) HTML5
14 140 (4.03%) JSON
15 139 (4.00%) Spring Boot
16 137 (3.94%) XML
17 132 (3.80%) Elastic Stack
18 125 (3.60%) Vue.js
19 118 (3.40%) ASP.NET Web API
20 95 (2.74%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 227 (6.54%) Analytical Skills
2 200 (5.76%) User Experience
3 174 (5.01%) Algorithms
4 166 (4.78%) Public Cloud
5 154 (4.43%) Greenfield Project
6 149 (4.29%) Self-Motivation
7 146 (4.20%) Mobile App
8 126 (3.63%) Cloud Native
9 119 (3.43%) Smartphone
10 90 (2.59%) Data Centre
11 79 (2.27%) Virtual Team
12 77 (2.22%) Management Information System
13 70 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
14 63 (1.81%) Data Structures
15 58 (1.67%) Private Cloud
16 57 (1.64%) Linux Command Line
17 52 (1.50%) Embedded Systems
18 46 (1.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 46 (1.32%) Wiki
19 45 (1.30%) PlayStation
Operating Systems
1 986 (28.39%) Linux
2 300 (8.64%) Windows
3 160 (4.61%) Android
4 135 (3.89%) Unix
5 125 (3.60%) CentOS
6 106 (3.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 106 (3.05%) Ubuntu
7 84 (2.42%) Apple iOS
8 62 (1.79%) Windows Server
9 35 (1.01%) Mesosphere
10 34 (0.98%) Debian
11 25 (0.72%) Tizen
12 21 (0.60%) AIX
12 21 (0.60%) SUSE
13 20 (0.58%) Solaris
14 19 (0.55%) Windows 10
15 13 (0.37%) Embedded Linux
16 11 (0.32%) Mac OS X
17 10 (0.29%) Mac OS
18 7 (0.20%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,899 (54.68%) Agile Software Development
2 1,347 (38.78%) DevOps
3 889 (25.60%) Software Engineering
4 607 (17.48%) Continuous Integration
5 537 (15.46%) Microservices
6 523 (15.06%) Test Automation
7 504 (14.51%) TDD
8 503 (14.48%) Problem-Solving
9 491 (14.14%) Scrum
10 389 (11.20%) Computer Science
11 376 (10.83%) Mentoring
12 367 (10.57%) Analytics
13 353 (10.16%) BDD
14 337 (9.70%) OO
15 336 (9.67%) Configuration Management
16 269 (7.75%) Continuous Delivery
17 259 (7.46%) SDLC
18 249 (7.17%) Artificial Intelligence
19 227 (6.54%) Open Source Development
20 212 (6.10%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 1,253 (36.08%) Java
2 1,194 (34.38%) Python
3 836 (24.07%) JavaScript
4 653 (18.80%) SQL
5 546 (15.72%) C#
6 378 (10.88%) C++
7 332 (9.56%) Bash Shell
8 328 (9.44%) PHP
9 301 (8.67%) Ruby
10 289 (8.32%) C
11 267 (7.69%) Go
12 191 (5.50%) Scala
13 161 (4.64%) PowerShell
14 142 (4.09%) Java 8
15 121 (3.48%) Perl
16 98 (2.82%) Kotlin
17 78 (2.25%) TypeScript
18 76 (2.19%) T-SQL
19 74 (2.13%) R
20 62 (1.79%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 531 (15.29%) Degree
2 255 (7.34%) Security Cleared
3 193 (5.56%) Computer Science Degree
4 138 (3.97%) SC Cleared
5 82 (2.36%) DV Cleared
6 57 (1.64%) PhD
7 41 (1.18%) Microsoft Certification
8 36 (1.04%) HND
9 28 (0.81%) CREST Certified
10 26 (0.75%) RHCE
11 25 (0.72%) OSCP
12 21 (0.60%) JNCIE
12 21 (0.60%) JNCIP
12 21 (0.60%) RHCSA
13 20 (0.58%) AWS Certification
14 19 (0.55%) Master's Degree
15 18 (0.52%) ISEB
16 16 (0.46%) Cyber Scheme
16 16 (0.46%) ISTQB
17 15 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 320 (9.21%) QA
2 32 (0.92%) Data Quality
3 23 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 17 (0.49%) GDPR
5 16 (0.46%) WAI
6 11 (0.32%) NIST
7 8 (0.23%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.23%) SLA
8 5 (0.14%) ISO 26262
9 4 (0.12%) MiFID
9 4 (0.12%) PSD2
10 3 (0.086%) Dodd-Frank
10 3 (0.086%) EMIR
10 3 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 2 (0.058%) Cyber Essentials
11 2 (0.058%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.058%) NCSC
11 2 (0.058%) SEPA
12 1 (0.029%) COBIT
12 1 (0.029%) PMO
System Software
1 897 (25.83%) Docker
2 104 (2.99%) Active Directory
3 57 (1.64%) Virtual Machines
4 49 (1.41%) VMware Infrastructure
5 48 (1.38%) KVM
6 27 (0.78%) Hyper-V
7 25 (0.72%) vSphere
8 20 (0.58%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 20 (0.58%) BIND 9
9 19 (0.55%) Firmware
9 19 (0.55%) VMware ESXi
10 18 (0.52%) Ceph
11 12 (0.35%) vCloud
12 8 (0.23%) HDFS
12 8 (0.23%) NFS
12 8 (0.23%) XenApp
12 8 (0.23%) XenDesktop
13 7 (0.20%) etcd
13 7 (0.20%) Postfix
13 7 (0.20%) Xen
Systems Management
1 674 (19.41%) Kubernetes
2 531 (15.29%) Ansible
3 414 (11.92%) Terraform
4 383 (11.03%) Puppet
5 286 (8.23%) Opscode Chef
6 122 (3.51%) Prometheus
7 86 (2.48%) Grafana
8 77 (2.22%) Consul
8 77 (2.22%) Salt
9 69 (1.99%) Nagios
10 67 (1.93%) Packer
11 55 (1.58%) Docker Swarm
12 51 (1.47%) Kibana
13 40 (1.15%) logstash
14 35 (1.01%) Automic
15 31 (0.89%) Opsview
16 26 (0.75%) HAProxy
17 25 (0.72%) Graphite
18 24 (0.69%) ZABBIX
19 22 (0.63%) Mesos
Vendors
1 431 (12.41%) Microsoft
2 255 (7.34%) Google
3 241 (6.94%) Oracle
4 143 (4.12%) Red Hat
5 132 (3.80%) VMware
6 69 (1.99%) Splunk
7 57 (1.64%) Cisco
8 54 (1.55%) Atlassian
9 46 (1.32%) Adobe
10 38 (1.09%) SAP
11 37 (1.07%) Sage
12 34 (0.98%) Tableau
13 32 (0.92%) IBM
14 31 (0.89%) Cloudera
15 30 (0.86%) Databricks
15 30 (0.86%) MuleSoft
16 29 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
17 26 (0.75%) Apple
17 26 (0.75%) Juniper
18 25 (0.72%) QNX