Period
to 26 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 26 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
26 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 107 112 116
Rank change year-on-year +5 +4 +3
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 4,002 4,758 4,352
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.93% 2.87% 2.72%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.19% 3.13% 2.97%
Number of salaries quoted 2,945 3,829 3,630
England median annual salary £60,000 £59,000 £56,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.69% +4.42% +2.73%
10th Percentile £35,000 £36,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £90,750 £90,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 125,332 151,911 146,372
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.65% 91.78% 91.41%
Number of salaries quoted 99,021 124,117 121,582
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,155
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +1.72% +3.48%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Salary trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 26 April 2019.

Salary histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 26 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -6 1,982 £70,000 +3.70% 118
South East +4 670 £50,000 +2.04% 34
North of England +5 543 £50,000 - 35
South West +11 406 £52,500 +5.00% 26
North West +12 298 £55,000 - 22
Yorkshire +6 230 £47,500 -5.00% 9
Midlands -7 188 £52,500 +5.00% 21
East of England -1 156 £50,000 -4.76% 23
West Midlands +9 130 £52,500 +5.00% 15
East Midlands -25 58 £62,500 +13.64% 6
North East -10 19 £48,750 +21.88% 4
South Coast - 5 £60,000 -
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 26 April 2019, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 2,131 (53.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,668 (41.68%) Java
3 1,379 (34.46%) Python
4 1,331 (33.26%) DevOps
5 1,298 (32.43%) Linux
6 1,123 (28.06%) JavaScript
7 1,115 (27.86%) Amazon AWS
8 968 (24.19%) Software Engineering
9 863 (21.56%) Docker
10 825 (20.61%) SQL
11 791 (19.77%) Git (software)
12 761 (19.02%) TDD
12 761 (19.02%) Finance
13 756 (18.89%) Continuous Integration
14 705 (17.62%) Microsoft Azure
15 629 (15.72%) Test Automation
16 626 (15.64%) Microservices
17 592 (14.79%) Kubernetes
17 592 (14.79%) Degree
18 589 (14.72%) C#
18 589 (14.72%) Ansible
19 581 (14.52%) Jenkins
20 569 (14.22%) HTML
21 568 (14.19%) Scrum
22 550 (13.74%) AngularJS
23 530 (13.24%) Ruby
24 513 (12.82%) CSS
25 508 (12.69%) Spring
26 479 (11.97%) Mentoring
27 471 (11.77%) Node.js

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 324 (8.10%) Apache
2 242 (6.05%) Apache Spark
3 237 (5.92%) Elasticsearch
4 117 (2.92%) Confluence
5 100 (2.50%) nginx
6 95 (2.37%) OpenStack
7 74 (1.85%) Tomcat
8 73 (1.82%) IIS
9 62 (1.55%) WordPress
10 50 (1.25%) SharePoint
11 48 (1.20%) JBoss
12 47 (1.17%) CMS
13 44 (1.10%) Apache Solr
14 41 (1.02%) Drupal
15 40 (1.00%) WebLogic
16 30 (0.75%) Apache Pig
17 29 (0.72%) SAS
18 26 (0.65%) WebSphere
19 23 (0.57%) Cloud Foundry
20 22 (0.55%) GeoServer
Applications
1 75 (1.87%) Chatbot
2 26 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
3 16 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
4 15 (0.37%) Fireworks
5 6 (0.15%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.15%) SPSS
6 4 (0.100%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.075%) LaTeX
7 3 (0.075%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.075%) S-PLUS
7 3 (0.075%) Stata
8 1 (0.025%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.025%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.025%) HipChat
8 1 (0.025%) Open Workbench
8 1 (0.025%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 22 (0.55%) Distributed Ledger
1 22 (0.55%) Magento
2 12 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.30%) Oracle Applications
3 10 (0.25%) R3 Corda
4 8 (0.20%) Actimize
4 8 (0.20%) Odoo
5 3 (0.075%) Payment Gateway
5 3 (0.075%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.050%) CiviCRM
6 2 (0.050%) Shopify
7 1 (0.025%) Oracle 11i
7 1 (0.025%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.025%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.025%) Quorum
7 1 (0.025%) SAP SD
7 1 (0.025%) Siebel CRM
7 1 (0.025%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 1,115 (27.86%) Amazon AWS
2 705 (17.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 287 (7.17%) Google Cloud Platform
4 177 (4.42%) GitHub
5 160 (4.00%) Cloud Computing
6 156 (3.90%) SaaS
7 141 (3.52%) Serverless
8 116 (2.90%) Amazon EC2
9 111 (2.77%) PaaS
10 86 (2.15%) AWS Lambda
11 84 (2.10%) Amazon S3
12 79 (1.97%) AWS CloudFormation
13 71 (1.77%) OpenShift
14 59 (1.47%) IaaS
15 57 (1.42%) Office 365
16 52 (1.30%) Amazon SQS
17 44 (1.10%) Slack
18 40 (1.00%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 37 (0.92%) Amazon EMR
20 34 (0.85%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 121 (3.02%) TCP/IP
2 115 (2.87%) Firewall
3 80 (2.00%) DNS
4 68 (1.70%) Internet
5 60 (1.50%) HTTP
6 48 (1.20%) Network Security
7 34 (0.85%) VPN
8 31 (0.77%) SSL
9 28 (0.70%) WAN
10 27 (0.67%) LAN
11 21 (0.52%) Skype
12 19 (0.47%) Bluetooth
12 19 (0.47%) SAN
12 19 (0.47%) Wireless
13 18 (0.45%) DHCP
14 17 (0.42%) Asterisk PBX
15 16 (0.40%) VoIP
16 14 (0.35%) AMQP
16 14 (0.35%) IPv4
16 14 (0.35%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 425 (10.62%) NoSQL
2 414 (10.34%) MySQL
3 394 (9.85%) Big Data
4 355 (8.87%) MongoDB
4 355 (8.87%) PostgreSQL
5 307 (7.67%) SQL Server
6 262 (6.55%) Hadoop
7 219 (5.47%) Relational Database
8 134 (3.35%) Data Warehouse
9 124 (3.10%) Apache Cassandra
10 119 (2.97%) Redis
11 92 (2.30%) Blockchain
12 85 (2.12%) Neo4j
13 81 (2.02%) Amazon RDS
14 73 (1.82%) Amazon Redshift
15 71 (1.77%) Data Lake
16 69 (1.72%) RDBMS
17 61 (1.52%) Azure SQL Database
18 58 (1.45%) HBase
19 57 (1.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 791 (19.77%) Git (software)
2 581 (14.52%) Jenkins
3 283 (7.07%) JIRA
4 223 (5.57%) Cucumber
5 165 (4.12%) JUnit
6 162 (4.05%) Selenium
7 139 (3.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 126 (3.15%) TeamCity
9 125 (3.12%) GitLab
10 107 (2.67%) Maven
11 104 (2.60%) Visual Studio
12 89 (2.22%) Bitbucket Server
13 82 (2.05%) Team Foundation Server
14 81 (2.02%) NUnit
15 78 (1.95%) Vagrant
16 68 (1.70%) gulp
17 67 (1.67%) Gradle
18 66 (1.65%) Bitbucket
19 64 (1.60%) Subversion
20 63 (1.57%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 761 (19.02%) Finance
2 201 (5.02%) Retail
3 169 (4.22%) Banking
4 160 (4.00%) Marketing
5 147 (3.67%) Games
6 98 (2.45%) Telecoms
7 77 (1.92%) Manufacturing
8 57 (1.42%) Law
9 54 (1.35%) Legal
10 50 (1.25%) Electronics
11 32 (0.80%) Local Government
12 25 (0.62%) Back Office
13 22 (0.55%) Advertising
14 19 (0.47%) Front Office
14 19 (0.47%) Publishing
15 17 (0.42%) Financial Institution
15 17 (0.42%) Investment Banking
16 15 (0.37%) Military
17 13 (0.32%) Automotive
18 11 (0.27%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,516 (37.88%) Developer
2 454 (11.34%) Java Developer
3 452 (11.29%) Architect
4 400 (10.00%) Software Engineer
5 345 (8.62%) DevOps Engineer
6 275 (6.87%) Senior Developer
7 218 (5.45%) Software Developer
8 199 (4.97%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 156 (3.90%) Data Engineer
10 152 (3.80%) Linux Engineer
11 146 (3.65%) Consultant
11 146 (3.65%) Solutions Architect
12 144 (3.60%) Java Engineer
13 135 (3.37%) .NET Developer
14 133 (3.32%) JavaScript Developer
15 129 (3.22%) Python Developer
16 122 (3.05%) C# Developer
17 119 (2.97%) Developer in Test
18 113 (2.82%) Full Stack Developer
19 112 (2.80%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 569 (14.22%) HTML
2 550 (13.74%) AngularJS
3 513 (12.82%) CSS
4 508 (12.69%) Spring
5 471 (11.77%) Node.js
6 460 (11.49%) Web Services
7 457 (11.42%) React
8 449 (11.22%) .NET
9 321 (8.02%) REST
10 315 (7.87%) RESTful
11 268 (6.70%) HTML5
12 265 (6.62%) Kafka
13 219 (5.47%) Vue.js
14 197 (4.92%) jQuery
15 187 (4.67%) Spring Boot
16 178 (4.45%) JSON
17 176 (4.40%) ASP.NET
18 170 (4.25%) Elastic Stack
19 169 (4.22%) XML
20 161 (4.02%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 312 (7.80%) Greenfield Project
2 310 (7.75%) User Experience
3 201 (5.02%) Self-Motivation
4 198 (4.95%) Analytical Skills
5 185 (4.62%) Fintech
6 142 (3.55%) Mobile App
7 133 (3.32%) Algorithms
8 124 (3.10%) Enterprise Software
9 113 (2.82%) Public Cloud
10 104 (2.60%) Data Centre
11 79 (1.97%) Cloud Native
12 77 (1.92%) Data Structures
13 68 (1.70%) Blog
14 66 (1.65%) Management Information System
15 62 (1.55%) Virtual Team
16 61 (1.52%) Linux Command Line
17 51 (1.27%) Private Cloud
18 48 (1.20%) Hedge funds
19 47 (1.17%) Hybrid Cloud
19 47 (1.17%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 1,298 (32.43%) Linux
2 400 (10.00%) Windows
3 240 (6.00%) Unix
4 195 (4.87%) Android
5 141 (3.52%) CentOS
6 128 (3.20%) Apple iOS
7 113 (2.82%) Ubuntu
8 105 (2.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 51 (1.27%) Windows Server
10 31 (0.77%) Debian
11 26 (0.65%) Embedded Linux
11 26 (0.65%) Mesosphere
11 26 (0.65%) Solaris
12 20 (0.50%) AIX
13 18 (0.45%) Mac OS X
13 18 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
14 16 (0.40%) Windows 10
15 13 (0.32%) Windows 7
16 11 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
16 11 (0.27%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,131 (53.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,331 (33.26%) DevOps
3 968 (24.19%) Software Engineering
4 761 (19.02%) TDD
5 756 (18.89%) Continuous Integration
6 629 (15.72%) Test Automation
7 626 (15.64%) Microservices
8 568 (14.19%) Scrum
9 479 (11.97%) Mentoring
10 454 (11.34%) BDD
11 434 (10.84%) OO
12 395 (9.87%) Computer Science
13 389 (9.72%) Analytics
14 388 (9.70%) Configuration Management
15 358 (8.95%) MVC
16 335 (8.37%) Continuous Delivery
17 314 (7.85%) Problem-Solving
18 273 (6.82%) Artificial Intelligence
19 264 (6.60%) SDLC
20 254 (6.35%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 1,668 (41.68%) Java
2 1,379 (34.46%) Python
3 1,123 (28.06%) JavaScript
4 825 (20.61%) SQL
5 589 (14.72%) C#
6 530 (13.24%) Ruby
7 433 (10.82%) C++
8 382 (9.55%) PHP
9 333 (8.32%) Bash Shell
10 284 (7.10%) Go
11 261 (6.52%) Java 8
12 247 (6.17%) C
13 227 (5.67%) Scala
14 205 (5.12%) PowerShell
15 150 (3.75%) Perl
16 95 (2.37%) Java 9
17 92 (2.30%) Apple Swift
18 75 (1.87%) T-SQL
19 72 (1.80%) Shell Script
20 70 (1.75%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 592 (14.79%) Degree
2 341 (8.52%) Security Cleared
3 281 (7.02%) SC Cleared
4 221 (5.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 128 (3.20%) DV Cleared
6 57 (1.42%) Numerate Degree
7 56 (1.40%) AWS Certification
8 51 (1.27%) PhD
9 48 (1.20%) CREST Certified
10 40 (1.00%) OSCP
10 40 (1.00%) RHCE
11 38 (0.95%) RHCSA
12 31 (0.77%) Master's Degree
13 25 (0.62%) CISSP
14 24 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
15 23 (0.57%) OSCE
16 21 (0.52%) GPEN
17 19 (0.47%) SANS
18 16 (0.40%) Cyber Scheme
18 16 (0.40%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 279 (6.97%) QA
2 37 (0.92%) GDPR
3 34 (0.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 28 (0.70%) Data Quality
5 24 (0.60%) WAI
6 16 (0.40%) SLA
7 12 (0.30%) PSD2
8 8 (0.20%) IFRS
9 7 (0.17%) MiFID
10 6 (0.15%) EMIR
10 6 (0.15%) PCI DSS
10 6 (0.15%) SEPA
11 5 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
12 4 (0.100%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 3 (0.075%) ISO 9001
14 2 (0.050%) FedRAMP
14 2 (0.050%) FISMA
14 2 (0.050%) HIPAA
14 2 (0.050%) ISO 20022
14 2 (0.050%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 863 (21.56%) Docker
2 117 (2.92%) Active Directory
3 66 (1.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 48 (1.20%) KVM
5 47 (1.17%) Virtual Machines
6 35 (0.87%) HDFS
7 29 (0.72%) Hyper-V
8 26 (0.65%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 22 (0.55%) VMware ESXi
10 16 (0.40%) vSphere
11 15 (0.37%) Xen
12 13 (0.32%) BIND 9
13 12 (0.30%) etcd
14 11 (0.27%) pfSense
14 11 (0.27%) Postfix
14 11 (0.27%) Varnish
15 10 (0.25%) NFS
15 10 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
15 10 (0.25%) Slurm Workload Manager
16 9 (0.22%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 592 (14.79%) Kubernetes
2 589 (14.72%) Ansible
3 424 (10.59%) Terraform
4 400 (10.00%) Puppet
5 286 (7.15%) Opscode Chef
6 98 (2.45%) Prometheus
7 81 (2.02%) Grafana
8 77 (1.92%) Packer
9 73 (1.82%) Consul
10 72 (1.80%) Kibana
10 72 (1.80%) Salt
11 62 (1.55%) Docker Swarm
12 60 (1.50%) logstash
12 60 (1.50%) Nagios
13 40 (1.00%) Opsview
14 38 (0.95%) Mesos
15 37 (0.92%) HAProxy
16 33 (0.82%) Graphite
17 27 (0.67%) Automic
17 27 (0.67%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 429 (10.72%) Microsoft
2 274 (6.85%) Oracle
3 242 (6.05%) Google
4 187 (4.67%) Red Hat
5 148 (3.70%) VMware
6 71 (1.77%) Splunk
7 62 (1.55%) SAP
8 56 (1.40%) Tableau
9 53 (1.32%) IBM
10 49 (1.22%) Cisco
11 38 (0.95%) Adobe
11 38 (0.95%) Apple
12 37 (0.92%) Atlassian
12 37 (0.92%) Cloudera
13 34 (0.85%) MuleSoft
14 33 (0.82%) Rackspace
15 31 (0.77%) Databricks
15 31 (0.77%) New Relic
16 28 (0.70%) CA Agile Central
17 24 (0.60%) Ivanti