Period
to 25 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 25 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 111 115 115
Rank change year-on-year +4 0 +14
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 4,533 4,675 5,004
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.90% 2.82% 2.77%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.18% 3.08% 3.05%
Number of salaries quoted 3,371 3,929 4,236
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% - +9.52%
10th Percentile £36,500 £32,500 £31,270
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.35% - +9.52%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 142,352 151,702 164,210
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.08% 91.55% 90.91%
Number of salaries quoted 114,184 120,485 138,470
England median annual salary £50,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,500 £27,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £78,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Salary trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Salary histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 2,463 £70,000 - 360
South East +32 670 £52,500 +10.53% 78
North of England +13 591 £49,500 +4.21% 103
North West +10 364 £50,000 +5.26% 65
South West +3 334 £52,500 +10.53% 57
Midlands -9 278 £57,500 +35.29% 49
Yorkshire +28 197 £47,500 -5.00% 28
East of England -22 194 £52,500 +5.00% 51
West Midlands -21 163 £55,000 +29.41% 33
East Midlands +13 115 £62,000 +50.30% 16
North East -8 30 £47,500 +21.92% 10
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 2,456 (54.18%) Agile Software Development
2 2,187 (48.25%) Java
3 1,484 (32.74%) Python
4 1,463 (32.27%) DevOps
5 1,349 (29.76%) JavaScript
6 1,330 (29.34%) Linux
7 1,255 (27.69%) Amazon AWS
8 1,108 (24.44%) Software Engineering
9 1,087 (23.98%) Finance
10 1,019 (22.48%) SQL
11 874 (19.28%) Docker
12 870 (19.19%) C#
13 867 (19.13%) Continuous Integration
14 823 (18.16%) TDD
15 813 (17.94%) Microservices
16 793 (17.49%) Degree
17 769 (16.96%) Scrum
18 766 (16.90%) Microsoft Azure
19 755 (16.66%) Test Automation
20 754 (16.63%) HTML
21 736 (16.24%) Git (software)
22 722 (15.93%) Jenkins
23 649 (14.32%) Ruby
24 636 (14.03%) CSS
25 624 (13.77%) Puppet
26 613 (13.52%) Problem-Solving
27 609 (13.43%) AngularJS
28 593 (13.08%) .NET
29 582 (12.84%) Ansible
30 577 (12.73%) Spring

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 345 (7.61%) Apache
2 252 (5.56%) Apache Spark
3 219 (4.83%) Elasticsearch
4 138 (3.04%) CMS
5 135 (2.98%) OpenStack
6 126 (2.78%) Confluence
7 118 (2.60%) Tomcat
8 77 (1.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 73 (1.61%) WebLogic
10 71 (1.57%) JBoss
11 67 (1.48%) Apache Solr
12 65 (1.43%) WebSphere
13 60 (1.32%) IIS
14 57 (1.26%) Drupal
15 53 (1.17%) Cloud Foundry
15 53 (1.17%) nginx
16 46 (1.01%) WordPress
17 34 (0.75%) SharePoint
18 24 (0.53%) Apache Pig
19 22 (0.49%) Ethereum
Applications
1 32 (0.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.42%) MS Visio
3 17 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
4 16 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.29%) SPSS
6 7 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
7 5 (0.11%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.11%) InfoPath
8 4 (0.088%) Gephi
9 2 (0.044%) Blender
9 2 (0.044%) Open Workbench
10 1 (0.022%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.022%) ProjectWise
10 1 (0.022%) Revit
10 1 (0.022%) Snapchat
Business Applications
1 17 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.29%) Magento
3 11 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
3 11 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
4 8 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
5 7 (0.15%) Actimize
6 6 (0.13%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 6 (0.13%) Sentinel
7 4 (0.088%) Payment Gateway
8 3 (0.066%) SAP S/4HANA
8 3 (0.066%) SAP SD
9 2 (0.044%) OpenCart
10 1 (0.022%) Odoo
10 1 (0.022%) osCommerce
10 1 (0.022%) Quorum
10 1 (0.022%) R3 Corda
10 1 (0.022%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 1 (0.022%) SAP ERP
10 1 (0.022%) SAP Hybris
10 1 (0.022%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 1,255 (27.69%) Amazon AWS
2 766 (16.90%) Microsoft Azure
3 316 (6.97%) Google Cloud Platform
4 258 (5.69%) GitHub
5 164 (3.62%) PaaS
6 154 (3.40%) SaaS
7 138 (3.04%) Cloud Computing
8 136 (3.00%) Serverless
9 109 (2.40%) IaaS
10 99 (2.18%) AWS CloudFormation
11 87 (1.92%) Amazon EC2
12 69 (1.52%) Amazon S3
13 56 (1.24%) OpenShift
14 54 (1.19%) Office 365
15 47 (1.04%) AWS Lambda
16 40 (0.88%) IBM Cloud
17 38 (0.84%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 33 (0.73%) Amazon EMR
19 26 (0.57%) npm
20 22 (0.49%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
Communications & Networking
1 213 (4.70%) Firewall
2 151 (3.33%) HTTP
2 151 (3.33%) Internet
3 131 (2.89%) TCP/IP
4 92 (2.03%) DNS
5 73 (1.61%) VPN
6 41 (0.90%) WAN
7 40 (0.88%) Network Security
8 36 (0.79%) LAN
9 35 (0.77%) DHCP
10 34 (0.75%) SMS
11 28 (0.62%) SSH
12 27 (0.60%) VLAN
13 25 (0.55%) Wireless
14 21 (0.46%) SNMP
15 20 (0.44%) FTP
16 19 (0.42%) Intranet
16 19 (0.42%) Wireshark
17 16 (0.35%) Kerberos
17 16 (0.35%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 539 (11.89%) Big Data
2 503 (11.10%) NoSQL
3 455 (10.04%) MySQL
4 402 (8.87%) MongoDB
5 365 (8.05%) SQL Server
6 326 (7.19%) PostgreSQL
7 301 (6.64%) Hadoop
8 228 (5.03%) Relational Database
9 194 (4.28%) Apache Cassandra
10 134 (2.96%) Redis
11 114 (2.51%) Blockchain
12 94 (2.07%) Neo4j
13 84 (1.85%) Apache Hive
14 78 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
15 74 (1.63%) RDBMS
16 64 (1.41%) DB2
17 63 (1.39%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 53 (1.17%) HBase
19 52 (1.15%) Amazon Redshift
20 44 (0.97%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 736 (16.24%) Git (software)
2 722 (15.93%) Jenkins
3 326 (7.19%) Selenium
4 319 (7.04%) JIRA
5 248 (5.47%) JUnit
6 242 (5.34%) Cucumber
7 195 (4.30%) TeamCity
8 182 (4.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 175 (3.86%) Maven
10 173 (3.82%) Subversion
11 130 (2.87%) Vagrant
12 124 (2.74%) Bitbucket
13 118 (2.60%) WebDriver
14 105 (2.32%) Visual Studio
15 103 (2.27%) NUnit
16 86 (1.90%) Gradle
16 86 (1.90%) gulp
17 84 (1.85%) SpecFlow
18 79 (1.74%) Octopus Deploy
19 76 (1.68%) Hudson
General
1 1,087 (23.98%) Finance
2 356 (7.85%) Banking
3 245 (5.40%) Retail
4 207 (4.57%) Marketing
5 198 (4.37%) Financial Institution
6 170 (3.75%) Games
6 170 (3.75%) Investment Banking
7 151 (3.33%) Telecoms
8 91 (2.01%) Manufacturing
9 88 (1.94%) Front Office
10 86 (1.90%) Law
11 74 (1.63%) Electronics
12 72 (1.59%) Legal
13 65 (1.43%) Advertising
14 32 (0.71%) Publishing
15 23 (0.51%) Back Office
16 20 (0.44%) Automotive
16 20 (0.44%) Local Government
17 16 (0.35%) Retail Banking
18 13 (0.29%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,765 (38.94%) Developer
2 520 (11.47%) Architect
3 510 (11.25%) Software Engineer
4 484 (10.68%) Java Developer
5 471 (10.39%) DevOps Engineer
6 317 (6.99%) Senior Developer
7 246 (5.43%) Java Engineer
8 230 (5.07%) Software Developer
9 216 (4.77%) Solutions Architect
10 207 (4.57%) Java Software Engineer
11 172 (3.79%) .NET Developer
12 165 (3.64%) C# Developer
13 156 (3.44%) Analyst
14 155 (3.42%) Linux Engineer
15 147 (3.24%) PHP Developer
16 139 (3.07%) JavaScript Developer
17 128 (2.82%) Developer in Test
18 127 (2.80%) Lead Developer
18 127 (2.80%) Test Engineer
19 124 (2.74%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 754 (16.63%) HTML
2 636 (14.03%) CSS
3 609 (13.43%) AngularJS
4 593 (13.08%) .NET
5 577 (12.73%) Spring
6 549 (12.11%) React
7 534 (11.78%) Web Services
8 487 (10.74%) REST
9 455 (10.04%) Node.js
10 395 (8.71%) RESTful
11 375 (8.27%) HTML5
12 295 (6.51%) Kafka
13 252 (5.56%) XML
14 231 (5.10%) Spring Boot
15 226 (4.99%) JSON
16 209 (4.61%) Hibernate
17 192 (4.24%) ASP.NET
18 190 (4.19%) CSS3
19 189 (4.17%) jQuery
20 179 (3.95%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 479 (10.57%) Computer Science
2 319 (7.04%) Analytical Skills
3 302 (6.66%) Greenfield Project
4 266 (5.87%) User Experience
5 201 (4.43%) Self-Motivation
6 191 (4.21%) Enterprise Software
7 185 (4.08%) Fintech
8 176 (3.88%) Mobile App
9 149 (3.29%) Cyberthreat
10 147 (3.24%) Algorithms
10 147 (3.24%) Public Cloud
11 129 (2.85%) Data Structures
12 119 (2.63%) Data Centre
13 114 (2.51%) Blog
14 106 (2.34%) Fixed Income
15 100 (2.21%) Management Information System
16 84 (1.85%) Cloud Native
17 75 (1.65%) Hedge funds
18 67 (1.48%) Linux Command Line
19 59 (1.30%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 1,330 (29.34%) Linux
2 466 (10.28%) Windows
3 396 (8.74%) Unix
4 197 (4.35%) CentOS
5 164 (3.62%) Android
6 151 (3.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 125 (2.76%) Apple iOS
8 117 (2.58%) Ubuntu
9 66 (1.46%) Windows Server
10 59 (1.30%) Debian
11 34 (0.75%) Windows Server 2008
12 29 (0.64%) Windows Server 2012
13 20 (0.44%) Windows 7
14 19 (0.42%) Kali Linux
15 16 (0.35%) AIX
15 16 (0.35%) Embedded Linux
16 15 (0.33%) VMS
16 15 (0.33%) Windows XP
17 14 (0.31%) HPUX
17 14 (0.31%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,456 (54.18%) Agile Software Development
2 1,463 (32.27%) DevOps
3 1,108 (24.44%) Software Engineering
4 867 (19.13%) Continuous Integration
5 823 (18.16%) TDD
6 813 (17.94%) Microservices
7 769 (16.96%) Scrum
8 755 (16.66%) Test Automation
9 613 (13.52%) Problem-Solving
10 573 (12.64%) OO
11 523 (11.54%) BDD
12 487 (10.74%) Mentoring
13 405 (8.93%) Configuration Management
14 359 (7.92%) Continuous Delivery
15 346 (7.63%) SDLC
16 309 (6.82%) Web Development
17 306 (6.75%) MVC
18 300 (6.62%) SOA
19 288 (6.35%) Analytics
20 207 (4.57%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 2,187 (48.25%) Java
2 1,484 (32.74%) Python
3 1,349 (29.76%) JavaScript
4 1,019 (22.48%) SQL
5 870 (19.19%) C#
6 649 (14.32%) Ruby
7 475 (10.48%) PHP
8 414 (9.13%) C++
9 352 (7.77%) Bash Shell
10 325 (7.17%) Go
11 297 (6.55%) Java 8
12 272 (6.00%) Scala
13 242 (5.34%) PowerShell
14 202 (4.46%) C
15 196 (4.32%) Perl
16 122 (2.69%) ES6
17 87 (1.92%) Shell Script
18 85 (1.88%) Kotlin
19 75 (1.65%) Java 9
19 75 (1.65%) R
Qualifications
1 793 (17.49%) Degree
2 260 (5.74%) Security Cleared
3 232 (5.12%) Computer Science Degree
4 181 (3.99%) SC Cleared
5 96 (2.12%) DV Cleared
6 88 (1.94%) Master's Degree
7 72 (1.59%) CISSP
8 45 (0.99%) CISM
9 40 (0.88%) PhD
10 34 (0.75%) RHCE
11 25 (0.55%) Numerate Degree
11 25 (0.55%) TOGAF Certification
12 23 (0.51%) SSCP
13 22 (0.49%) AWS Certification
13 22 (0.49%) CEH
13 22 (0.49%) ISTQB
14 21 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
15 20 (0.44%) ISEB
16 19 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
17 18 (0.40%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 333 (7.35%) QA
2 42 (0.93%) GDPR
3 31 (0.68%) Data Quality
4 28 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 25 (0.55%) PCI DSS
6 19 (0.42%) MiFID
7 14 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials
7 14 (0.31%) ISO 9001
8 13 (0.29%) PSD2
9 12 (0.26%) SLA
10 10 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 7 (0.15%) COBIT
12 3 (0.066%) WCAG
13 2 (0.044%) SEPA
13 2 (0.044%) Web Application Security Consortium
14 1 (0.022%) HL7
14 1 (0.022%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 1 (0.022%) OASIS TOSCA
14 1 (0.022%) PMO
System Software
1 874 (19.28%) Docker
2 110 (2.43%) VMware Infrastructure
3 109 (2.40%) Active Directory
4 53 (1.17%) Virtual Machines
5 51 (1.13%) HDFS
6 46 (1.01%) KVM
7 45 (0.99%) Hyper-V
8 43 (0.95%) vSphere
9 25 (0.55%) iptables
9 25 (0.55%) pfSense
10 23 (0.51%) VirtualBox
11 22 (0.49%) Snort
12 18 (0.40%) NFS
13 17 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
14 16 (0.35%) Samba
15 15 (0.33%) QEMU
16 13 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 11 (0.24%) Apache Flume
17 11 (0.24%) Ceph
18 10 (0.22%) Xen
Systems Management
1 624 (13.77%) Puppet
2 582 (12.84%) Ansible
3 565 (12.46%) Kubernetes
4 475 (10.48%) Opscode Chef
5 312 (6.88%) Terraform
6 152 (3.35%) Salt
7 112 (2.47%) Nagios
8 103 (2.27%) Packer
9 102 (2.25%) ZABBIX
10 87 (1.92%) Consul
10 87 (1.92%) Docker Swarm
10 87 (1.92%) Grafana
11 61 (1.35%) Graphite
11 61 (1.35%) Kibana
12 50 (1.10%) logstash
13 49 (1.08%) Opsview
14 38 (0.84%) Prometheus
15 30 (0.66%) Oozie
16 28 (0.62%) Nessus
17 24 (0.53%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 432 (9.53%) Microsoft
2 338 (7.46%) Google
3 326 (7.19%) Oracle
4 212 (4.68%) VMware
5 200 (4.41%) Red Hat
6 96 (2.12%) SAP
7 68 (1.50%) IBM
8 67 (1.48%) SaltStack
9 64 (1.41%) Atlassian
9 64 (1.41%) Splunk
10 53 (1.17%) Cisco
11 40 (0.88%) Tableau
12 37 (0.82%) New Relic
13 35 (0.77%) Foundry
14 32 (0.71%) TIBCO
15 28 (0.62%) Sitecore
16 27 (0.60%) Xamarin
17 25 (0.55%) Salesforce.com
18 24 (0.53%) Citrix
18 24 (0.53%) Rackspace