Period
to 18 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 18 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
18 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 111 113 114
Rank change year-on-year +2 +1 +15
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 4,312 4,844 4,737
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.92% 2.89% 2.73%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.18% 3.14% 2.99%
Number of salaries quoted 3,114 4,044 3,963
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% - +4.55%
10th Percentile £34,880 £34,019 £32,300
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £86,250
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.35% - +4.55%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 135,513 154,262 158,506
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.68% 91.90% 91.31%
Number of salaries quoted 108,128 123,735 132,620
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Salary trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 18 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 2,296 £70,000 +3.70% 318
North of England +34 632 £50,000 - 99
South East +5 590 £55,000 +22.22% 103
North West +39 387 £52,500 +5.00% 67
South West +15 366 £50,000 - 53
Midlands -21 228 £57,500 +31.43% 36
Yorkshire +29 224 £47,375 -5.25% 26
East of England -32 188 £52,500 +5.00% 59
West Midlands -11 145 £52,500 +31.25% 26
East Midlands 0 83 £75,000 +66.67% 10
North East -5 21 £51,250 +31.55% 6
South Coast - 1 £60,000 -
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 18 December 2018, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 2,370 (54.96%) Agile Software Development
2 2,016 (46.75%) Java
3 1,465 (33.97%) Python
4 1,443 (33.46%) DevOps
5 1,346 (31.22%) Linux
6 1,301 (30.17%) JavaScript
7 1,270 (29.45%) Amazon AWS
8 1,027 (23.82%) Software Engineering
9 989 (22.94%) SQL
10 928 (21.52%) Finance
11 881 (20.43%) Docker
12 872 (20.22%) Continuous Integration
13 842 (19.53%) Git (software)
14 797 (18.48%) Microservices
15 781 (18.11%) Jenkins
16 768 (17.81%) Microsoft Azure
17 755 (17.51%) C#
18 743 (17.23%) TDD
18 743 (17.23%) Test Automation
19 713 (16.54%) HTML
20 703 (16.30%) Degree
21 666 (15.45%) Scrum
22 647 (15.00%) Ruby
23 632 (14.66%) CSS
24 600 (13.91%) Kubernetes
25 579 (13.43%) Ansible
26 566 (13.13%) Puppet
27 564 (13.08%) OO
28 557 (12.92%) AngularJS
29 547 (12.69%) Spring

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 367 (8.51%) Apache
2 313 (7.26%) Apache Spark
3 239 (5.54%) Elasticsearch
4 154 (3.57%) Confluence
5 104 (2.41%) CMS
6 103 (2.39%) OpenStack
7 93 (2.16%) Tomcat
8 83 (1.92%) Apache Solr
9 71 (1.65%) nginx
10 68 (1.58%) IIS
11 54 (1.25%) Drupal
12 52 (1.21%) WebLogic
12 52 (1.21%) WordPress
13 43 (1.00%) JBoss
14 33 (0.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 33 (0.77%) WebSphere
15 32 (0.74%) SharePoint
16 25 (0.58%) Ethereum
17 24 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
17 24 (0.56%) Jetty
Applications
1 53 (1.23%) Chatbot
2 24 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (0.56%) MS Visio
3 14 (0.32%) Snapchat
4 12 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
5 11 (0.26%) SPSS
6 10 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
6 10 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 5 (0.12%) Open Workbench
8 3 (0.070%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.046%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.023%) HipChat
10 1 (0.023%) S-PLUS
10 1 (0.023%) Stata
Business Applications
1 23 (0.53%) Actimize
2 12 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
3 11 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.26%) Odoo
4 7 (0.16%) Magento
4 7 (0.16%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 5 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
5 5 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.12%) R3 Corda
5 5 (0.12%) SAP SD
5 5 (0.12%) Shopify
6 3 (0.070%) Oracle Applications
6 3 (0.070%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.046%) CiviCRM
7 2 (0.046%) Quorum
7 2 (0.046%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.023%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.023%) SAP ERP
8 1 (0.023%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 1,270 (29.45%) Amazon AWS
2 768 (17.81%) Microsoft Azure
3 292 (6.77%) GitHub
4 277 (6.42%) Google Cloud Platform
5 230 (5.33%) Cloud Computing
6 161 (3.73%) SaaS
7 140 (3.25%) PaaS
8 121 (2.81%) AWS CloudFormation
9 113 (2.62%) Serverless
10 104 (2.41%) IaaS
11 103 (2.39%) Amazon EC2
12 61 (1.41%) Slack
13 54 (1.25%) Amazon S3
14 53 (1.23%) Amazon EMR
15 50 (1.16%) OpenShift
16 40 (0.93%) AWS Lambda
17 37 (0.86%) Office 365
18 36 (0.83%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 30 (0.70%) Azure Active Directory
20 28 (0.65%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 188 (4.36%) Firewall
2 137 (3.18%) HTTP
3 121 (2.81%) Internet
4 118 (2.74%) TCP/IP
5 76 (1.76%) VPN
6 72 (1.67%) DNS
7 47 (1.09%) Network Security
8 35 (0.81%) VLAN
9 31 (0.72%) WAN
10 29 (0.67%) DHCP
10 29 (0.67%) Wireless
11 24 (0.56%) VoIP
12 22 (0.51%) SMS
13 19 (0.44%) Intranet
14 16 (0.37%) SNMP
15 15 (0.35%) Asterisk PBX
15 15 (0.35%) LAN
15 15 (0.35%) OpenVPN
15 15 (0.35%) OPNsense
15 15 (0.35%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 530 (12.29%) NoSQL
2 474 (10.99%) Big Data
3 434 (10.06%) MySQL
4 390 (9.04%) MongoDB
5 383 (8.88%) PostgreSQL
6 363 (8.42%) SQL Server
7 352 (8.16%) Hadoop
8 250 (5.80%) Relational Database
9 170 (3.94%) Apache Cassandra
10 137 (3.18%) Redis
11 112 (2.60%) Data Warehouse
12 89 (2.06%) Blockchain
13 85 (1.97%) Apache Hive
14 79 (1.83%) Neo4j
15 77 (1.79%) RDBMS
16 73 (1.69%) Amazon Redshift
17 66 (1.53%) HBase
18 62 (1.44%) Flink
19 54 (1.25%) DB2
20 53 (1.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 842 (19.53%) Git (software)
2 781 (18.11%) Jenkins
3 350 (8.12%) JIRA
4 265 (6.15%) Cucumber
5 258 (5.98%) JUnit
6 255 (5.91%) Selenium
7 240 (5.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 206 (4.78%) TeamCity
9 168 (3.90%) Maven
10 149 (3.46%) Subversion
11 122 (2.83%) Vagrant
12 118 (2.74%) Gradle
13 111 (2.57%) Bitbucket
14 106 (2.46%) GitLab
15 99 (2.30%) Octopus Deploy
16 95 (2.20%) Team Foundation Server
17 91 (2.11%) NUnit
18 89 (2.06%) gulp
19 88 (2.04%) Visual Studio
20 85 (1.97%) WebDriver
General
1 928 (21.52%) Finance
2 239 (5.54%) Banking
3 224 (5.19%) Marketing
4 218 (5.06%) Retail
5 201 (4.66%) Games
6 151 (3.50%) Telecoms
7 93 (2.16%) Law
8 88 (2.04%) Manufacturing
9 80 (1.86%) Electronics
10 74 (1.72%) Financial Institution
10 74 (1.72%) Legal
11 58 (1.35%) Investment Banking
12 50 (1.16%) Front Office
13 33 (0.77%) Advertising
14 27 (0.63%) Back Office
15 24 (0.56%) Publishing
16 15 (0.35%) Retail Banking
17 12 (0.28%) Automotive
17 12 (0.28%) Local Government
17 12 (0.28%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,668 (38.68%) Developer
2 474 (10.99%) Architect
3 466 (10.81%) Software Engineer
4 448 (10.39%) Java Developer
5 410 (9.51%) DevOps Engineer
6 277 (6.42%) Senior Developer
7 229 (5.31%) Software Developer
8 214 (4.96%) Java Engineer
9 171 (3.97%) Solutions Architect
10 168 (3.90%) Java Software Engineer
11 156 (3.62%) .NET Developer
12 150 (3.48%) Linux Engineer
13 146 (3.39%) Developer in Test
14 143 (3.32%) C# Developer
15 142 (3.29%) JavaScript Developer
16 136 (3.15%) PHP Developer
17 134 (3.11%) Analyst
18 130 (3.01%) Test Engineer
19 125 (2.90%) Consultant
20 123 (2.85%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 713 (16.54%) HTML
2 632 (14.66%) CSS
3 557 (12.92%) AngularJS
4 547 (12.69%) Spring
5 530 (12.29%) Web Services
6 490 (11.36%) .NET
7 488 (11.32%) React
8 485 (11.25%) Node.js
9 471 (10.92%) REST
10 389 (9.02%) HTML5
11 373 (8.65%) RESTful
12 307 (7.12%) Kafka
13 239 (5.54%) XML
14 223 (5.17%) JSON
15 209 (4.85%) jQuery
16 203 (4.71%) Spring Boot
17 194 (4.50%) CSS3
18 170 (3.94%) ASP.NET
19 169 (3.92%) Elastic Stack
20 163 (3.78%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 326 (7.56%) User Experience
2 300 (6.96%) Greenfield Project
3 235 (5.45%) Analytical Skills
4 216 (5.01%) Self-Motivation
5 171 (3.97%) Mobile App
6 161 (3.73%) Fintech
7 139 (3.22%) Public Cloud
8 138 (3.20%) Enterprise Software
9 125 (2.90%) Algorithms
10 113 (2.62%) Blog
11 106 (2.46%) Data Centre
12 97 (2.25%) Data Structures
13 68 (1.58%) Hedge funds
14 67 (1.55%) Linux Command Line
15 66 (1.53%) Management Information System
16 64 (1.48%) Cloud Native
17 60 (1.39%) Cyberthreat
17 60 (1.39%) Wiki
18 55 (1.28%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
19 44 (1.02%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,346 (31.22%) Linux
2 454 (10.53%) Windows
3 367 (8.51%) Unix
4 230 (5.33%) Android
5 207 (4.80%) CentOS
6 191 (4.43%) Apple iOS
7 174 (4.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 132 (3.06%) Ubuntu
9 64 (1.48%) Windows Server
10 49 (1.14%) Debian
11 37 (0.86%) Windows Server 2012
12 35 (0.81%) Solaris
13 25 (0.58%) Windows 7
13 25 (0.58%) Windows Server 2008
14 23 (0.53%) Kali Linux
15 22 (0.51%) Mac OS X
16 20 (0.46%) Mesosphere
17 19 (0.44%) Windows 10
18 18 (0.42%) Windows XP
19 17 (0.39%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,370 (54.96%) Agile Software Development
2 1,443 (33.46%) DevOps
3 1,027 (23.82%) Software Engineering
4 872 (20.22%) Continuous Integration
5 797 (18.48%) Microservices
6 743 (17.23%) TDD
6 743 (17.23%) Test Automation
7 666 (15.45%) Scrum
8 564 (13.08%) OO
9 477 (11.06%) Mentoring
10 471 (10.92%) Computer Science
11 455 (10.55%) BDD
12 443 (10.27%) Configuration Management
13 433 (10.04%) Problem-Solving
14 383 (8.88%) Continuous Delivery
15 339 (7.86%) MVC
16 286 (6.63%) Web Development
17 272 (6.31%) SDLC
18 253 (5.87%) Analytics
19 235 (5.45%) Coaching
Programming Languages
1 2,016 (46.75%) Java
2 1,465 (33.97%) Python
3 1,301 (30.17%) JavaScript
4 989 (22.94%) SQL
5 755 (17.51%) C#
6 647 (15.00%) Ruby
7 435 (10.09%) C++
7 435 (10.09%) PHP
8 336 (7.79%) Go
9 319 (7.40%) Bash Shell
10 270 (6.26%) Scala
11 245 (5.68%) PowerShell
12 243 (5.64%) Java 8
13 209 (4.85%) C
14 151 (3.50%) Perl
15 116 (2.69%) ES6
16 108 (2.50%) Shell Script
17 85 (1.97%) Apple Swift
17 85 (1.97%) Kotlin
18 83 (1.92%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 703 (16.30%) Degree
2 259 (6.01%) Computer Science Degree
3 228 (5.29%) Security Cleared
4 184 (4.27%) SC Cleared
5 73 (1.69%) CISSP
6 64 (1.48%) Numerate Degree
7 63 (1.46%) DV Cleared
8 56 (1.30%) Master's Degree
8 56 (1.30%) RHCE
9 47 (1.09%) AWS Certification
10 41 (0.95%) CISM
11 38 (0.88%) RHCSA
12 35 (0.81%) PhD
13 26 (0.60%) CEH
13 26 (0.60%) SSCP
14 23 (0.53%) BPSS Clearance
15 22 (0.51%) TOGAF Certification
16 21 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
17 20 (0.46%) GIAC
17 20 (0.46%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 333 (7.72%) QA
2 61 (1.41%) GDPR
3 45 (1.04%) Data Quality
4 33 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 24 (0.56%) MiFID
6 23 (0.53%) PCI DSS
7 13 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 12 (0.28%) PSD2
9 11 (0.26%) SLA
10 10 (0.23%) ISO 9001
11 8 (0.19%) IFRS
12 7 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
13 6 (0.14%) WCAG
14 4 (0.093%) SEPA
15 3 (0.070%) COBIT
15 3 (0.070%) ISO 20022
16 2 (0.046%) Web Application Security Consortium
17 1 (0.023%) EMIR
17 1 (0.023%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
17 1 (0.023%) PMO
System Software
1 881 (20.43%) Docker
2 136 (3.15%) Active Directory
3 78 (1.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 64 (1.48%) HDFS
5 50 (1.16%) Virtual Machines
6 36 (0.83%) pfSense
7 33 (0.77%) vSphere
8 30 (0.70%) KVM
9 29 (0.67%) Hyper-V
10 27 (0.63%) Snort
11 22 (0.51%) VirtualBox
12 17 (0.39%) NFS
13 16 (0.37%) Varnish
14 15 (0.35%) etcd
14 15 (0.35%) Samba
15 13 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 12 (0.28%) Xen
17 11 (0.26%) Apache Flume
18 10 (0.23%) iptables
19 9 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 600 (13.91%) Kubernetes
2 579 (13.43%) Ansible
3 566 (13.13%) Puppet
4 417 (9.67%) Terraform
5 390 (9.04%) Opscode Chef
6 122 (2.83%) Salt
7 121 (2.81%) Packer
8 116 (2.69%) Consul
9 114 (2.64%) Grafana
10 105 (2.44%) Docker Swarm
11 97 (2.25%) Prometheus
11 97 (2.25%) ZABBIX
12 94 (2.18%) Graphite
12 94 (2.18%) Nagios
13 70 (1.62%) Kibana
14 58 (1.35%) logstash
15 57 (1.32%) Opsview
16 46 (1.07%) Mesos
17 35 (0.81%) HAProxy
18 34 (0.79%) Nessus
Vendors
1 422 (9.79%) Microsoft
2 303 (7.03%) Oracle
3 291 (6.75%) Google
4 214 (4.96%) Red Hat
5 154 (3.57%) VMware
6 104 (2.41%) SAP
7 94 (2.18%) Splunk
8 79 (1.83%) Tableau
9 59 (1.37%) Atlassian
10 47 (1.09%) Apple
11 45 (1.04%) CA Agile Central
12 43 (1.00%) IBM
13 40 (0.93%) New Relic
14 37 (0.86%) Cisco
15 33 (0.77%) SaltStack
16 30 (0.70%) Cloudera
17 28 (0.65%) Adobe
17 28 (0.65%) Foundry
18 26 (0.60%) Databricks
19 23 (0.53%) PagerDuty