Period
to 28 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 28 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 147 111 108
Rank change year-on-year -36 -3 +5
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 2,565 4,025 4,842
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.34% 2.93% 2.94%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.55% 3.17% 3.18%
Number of salaries quoted 2,057 3,129 4,060
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £35,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £90,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £58,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +2.56% +6.36%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 100,720 126,819 152,104
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.97% 92.22% 92.20%
Number of salaries quoted 80,449 100,913 125,030
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +1.01%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £81,250
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Open Source in England.

Salary trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Salary histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 1,568 £72,500 +3.57% 191
North of England -35 323 £55,000 +10.00% 69
South East -86 276 £60,000 +14.29% 73
North West -41 168 £55,000 - 36
South West -78 161 £51,593 +3.19% 24
Midlands +25 154 £60,000 +14.29% 36
Yorkshire -22 132 £55,000 +15.79% 25
West Midlands +30 113 £57,500 +9.52% 17
East of England -31 64 £55,000 +10.00% 23
East Midlands +8 39 £85,000 +30.77% 19
North East +8 23 £43,426 -24.48% 8
South Coast -2 1 - -
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,341 (52.28%) Agile Software Development
2 1,112 (43.35%) Java
3 1,046 (40.78%) AWS
4 871 (33.96%) Python
5 845 (32.94%) JavaScript
6 841 (32.79%) DevOps
7 764 (29.79%) Docker
8 741 (28.89%) Linux
8 741 (28.89%) Software Engineering
9 701 (27.33%) Azure
10 609 (23.74%) Finance
11 591 (23.04%) Git (software)
12 590 (23.00%) Kubernetes
13 589 (22.96%) Microservices
14 480 (18.71%) SQL
15 453 (17.66%) React
16 440 (17.15%) Node.js
17 421 (16.41%) GCP
18 415 (16.18%) TDD
19 389 (15.17%) NoSQL
20 377 (14.70%) C#
21 371 (14.46%) Jenkins
22 361 (14.07%) AngularJS
23 353 (13.76%) Degree
24 352 (13.72%) Continuous Integration
25 348 (13.57%) Ruby
26 342 (13.33%) Scrum
26 342 (13.33%) Mentoring
27 339 (13.22%) HTML
28 333 (12.98%) Test Automation

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 131 (5.11%) Apache Spark
2 118 (4.60%) Elasticsearch
3 94 (3.66%) Confluence
4 90 (3.51%) Apache
5 60 (2.34%) Tomcat
6 49 (1.91%) IIS
7 45 (1.75%) CMS
8 41 (1.60%) OpenStack
9 33 (1.29%) nginx
10 31 (1.21%) WordPress
11 27 (1.05%) JBoss
12 20 (0.78%) GeoServer
13 19 (0.74%) Smallworld
14 18 (0.70%) Apache Solr
14 18 (0.70%) SharePoint
15 17 (0.66%) WebLogic
16 16 (0.62%) Cloud Foundry
17 14 (0.55%) Jetty
18 13 (0.51%) ArcGIS
18 13 (0.51%) WildFly
Applications
1 52 (2.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.55%) AutoCAD
4 7 (0.27%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 5 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
7 4 (0.16%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 2 (0.078%) MS Visio
9 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.039%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 25 (0.97%) FINCAD Analytics
2 22 (0.86%) Magento
3 11 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.39%) Distributed Ledger
5 6 (0.23%) R3 Corda
6 5 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
6 5 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
7 3 (0.12%) SAP ERP
7 3 (0.12%) Shopify
8 2 (0.078%) BusinessWorks
8 2 (0.078%) Oracle Cash Management
8 2 (0.078%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.078%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
8 2 (0.078%) TIBCO iProcess
9 1 (0.039%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 1,046 (40.78%) AWS
2 701 (27.33%) Azure
3 421 (16.41%) GCP
4 159 (6.20%) GitHub
5 91 (3.55%) Serverless
6 87 (3.39%) SaaS
7 85 (3.31%) OpenShift
8 60 (2.34%) Amazon EC2
8 60 (2.34%) Amazon SQS
9 55 (2.14%) AWS Lambda
9 55 (2.14%) PaaS
10 54 (2.11%) Amazon ECS
11 47 (1.83%) AWS CloudFormation
11 47 (1.83%) Cloud Computing
12 46 (1.79%) Slack
13 44 (1.72%) IaaS
14 33 (1.29%) Amazon S3
15 31 (1.21%) Firebase
16 30 (1.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 30 (1.17%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 96 (3.74%) Firewall
2 67 (2.61%) Internet
3 61 (2.38%) TCP/IP
4 59 (2.30%) HTTP
5 47 (1.83%) DNS
6 33 (1.29%) VPN
7 29 (1.13%) SSL
8 24 (0.94%) VoIP
9 23 (0.90%) Wireshark
10 19 (0.74%) GPON
10 19 (0.74%) Network Security
11 18 (0.70%) DHCP
12 17 (0.66%) Broadband
12 17 (0.66%) Intrusion Detection
12 17 (0.66%) SAN
13 14 (0.55%) Asterisk PBX
14 13 (0.51%) BGP
15 10 (0.39%) Cisco Nexus
15 10 (0.39%) tcpdump
15 10 (0.39%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 389 (15.17%) NoSQL
2 243 (9.47%) PostgreSQL
3 239 (9.32%) MySQL
4 221 (8.62%) Big Data
5 174 (6.78%) MongoDB
6 161 (6.28%) SQL Server
7 138 (5.38%) Hadoop
8 106 (4.13%) Relational Database
9 90 (3.51%) Redis
10 57 (2.22%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 51 (1.99%) Amazon Redshift
12 48 (1.87%) GIS
12 48 (1.87%) RDBMS
13 42 (1.64%) Amazon RDS
14 40 (1.56%) Apache Hive
14 40 (1.56%) Data Warehouse
15 30 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
16 29 (1.13%) HBase
17 28 (1.09%) Blockchain
17 28 (1.09%) Flink
Development Applications
1 591 (23.04%) Git (software)
2 371 (14.46%) Jenkins
3 171 (6.67%) JIRA
4 97 (3.78%) Artifactory
5 83 (3.24%) Maven
6 81 (3.16%) Selenium
7 80 (3.12%) Grunt
8 78 (3.04%) Cucumber
9 73 (2.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 68 (2.65%) gulp
11 60 (2.34%) Bitbucket
11 60 (2.34%) JUnit
12 55 (2.14%) GitLab
13 54 (2.11%) Subversion
14 52 (2.03%) Visual Studio
15 40 (1.56%) Team Foundation Server
16 37 (1.44%) SonarQube
16 37 (1.44%) TeamCity
16 37 (1.44%) Vagrant
17 34 (1.33%) Mockito
General
1 609 (23.74%) Finance
2 210 (8.19%) Banking
3 195 (7.60%) Public Sector
4 173 (6.74%) Front Office
5 137 (5.34%) Marketing
6 129 (5.03%) Retail
7 64 (2.50%) Telecoms
8 61 (2.38%) Games
9 51 (1.99%) Law
10 45 (1.75%) Investment Banking
11 30 (1.17%) Legal
12 25 (0.97%) Financial Institution
13 24 (0.94%) Electronics
14 20 (0.78%) Manufacturing
15 17 (0.66%) Publishing
16 14 (0.55%) Automotive
17 12 (0.47%) Advertising
18 9 (0.35%) Billing
19 8 (0.31%) Aerospace
19 8 (0.31%) Military
Job Titles
1 735 (28.65%) Developer
2 390 (15.20%) Software Engineer
3 265 (10.33%) DevOps Engineer
4 218 (8.50%) Architect
5 181 (7.06%) Java Engineer
6 171 (6.67%) Java Developer
7 165 (6.43%) Java Software Engineer
8 164 (6.39%) Senior Developer
9 122 (4.76%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 115 (4.48%) Senior Software Engineer
11 98 (3.82%) Solutions Architect
12 90 (3.51%) Analyst
13 87 (3.39%) Consultant
14 76 (2.96%) AWS Engineer
15 71 (2.77%) Full Stack Developer
16 70 (2.73%) Senior Front-End Developer
17 65 (2.53%) Junior
18 60 (2.34%) Cloud Engineer
19 56 (2.18%) JavaScript Developer
19 56 (2.18%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 453 (17.66%) React
2 440 (17.15%) Node.js
3 361 (14.07%) AngularJS
4 339 (13.22%) HTML
5 323 (12.59%) Web Services
6 308 (12.01%) CSS
7 279 (10.88%) .NET
8 273 (10.64%) RESTful
9 218 (8.50%) REST
10 182 (7.10%) Spring
11 148 (5.77%) HTML5
12 147 (5.73%) Kafka
13 114 (4.44%) CSS3
13 114 (4.44%) Sass
14 108 (4.21%) Ruby on Rails
15 97 (3.78%) Redux
16 94 (3.66%) J2EE
17 92 (3.59%) Elastic Stack
18 90 (3.51%) Ember.js
19 83 (3.24%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 199 (7.76%) Public Cloud
2 166 (6.47%) Greenfield Project
3 164 (6.39%) Blog
4 159 (6.20%) Fixed Income
5 156 (6.08%) Derivative
6 152 (5.93%) Hedge funds
7 147 (5.73%) Equities
8 132 (5.15%) Analytical Skills
9 110 (4.29%) Mobile App
10 109 (4.25%) Equity Derivative
11 104 (4.05%) Cloud Native
12 100 (3.90%) Algorithms
12 100 (3.90%) User Experience
13 65 (2.53%) Self-Motivation
14 59 (2.30%) Data Centre
15 58 (2.26%) Exotic Derivative
16 56 (2.18%) Enterprise Software
17 43 (1.68%) Data Structures
17 43 (1.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 43 (1.68%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 741 (28.89%) Linux
2 222 (8.65%) Windows
3 191 (7.45%) Unix
4 155 (6.04%) Android
5 137 (5.34%) Mac OS X
6 124 (4.83%) Apple iOS
7 95 (3.70%) CentOS
8 63 (2.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 45 (1.75%) Windows Server
10 44 (1.72%) Ubuntu
11 23 (0.90%) Debian
12 7 (0.27%) CoreOS
12 7 (0.27%) Kali Linux
13 6 (0.23%) Mesosphere
13 6 (0.23%) Windows 10
14 5 (0.19%) VME
15 4 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
15 4 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
16 3 (0.12%) Fedora
17 2 (0.078%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,341 (52.28%) Agile Software Development
2 841 (32.79%) DevOps
3 741 (28.89%) Software Engineering
4 589 (22.96%) Microservices
5 415 (16.18%) TDD
6 352 (13.72%) Continuous Integration
7 342 (13.33%) Mentoring
7 342 (13.33%) Scrum
8 333 (12.98%) Test Automation
9 318 (12.40%) Analytics
10 311 (12.12%) Problem-Solving
11 287 (11.19%) Computer Science
12 279 (10.88%) BDD
13 256 (9.98%) OO
14 230 (8.97%) Artificial Intelligence
15 198 (7.72%) Machine Learning
16 180 (7.02%) Investment Management
16 180 (7.02%) Migration
17 178 (6.94%) Decision-Making
17 178 (6.94%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,112 (43.35%) Java
2 871 (33.96%) Python
3 845 (32.94%) JavaScript
4 480 (18.71%) SQL
5 377 (14.70%) C#
6 348 (13.57%) Ruby
7 322 (12.55%) C++
8 237 (9.24%) Bash Shell
9 217 (8.46%) PHP
10 185 (7.21%) Kotlin
11 166 (6.47%) Go
12 158 (6.16%) C
13 155 (6.04%) Scala
14 153 (5.96%) Java 8
15 93 (3.63%) TypeScript
16 88 (3.43%) R
17 75 (2.92%) PowerShell
18 74 (2.88%) Apple Swift
19 58 (2.26%) Perl
20 49 (1.91%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 353 (13.76%) Degree
2 152 (5.93%) Computer Science Degree
3 120 (4.68%) Security Cleared
4 79 (3.08%) SC Cleared
5 29 (1.13%) DV Cleared
6 25 (0.97%) PhD
7 24 (0.94%) AWS Certification
8 22 (0.86%) SANS
9 21 (0.82%) Master's Degree
10 17 (0.66%) Cisco Certification
10 17 (0.66%) CISSP
11 15 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
12 14 (0.55%) ITIL Certification
13 12 (0.47%) GCIH
14 10 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
15 9 (0.35%) CCNP
15 9 (0.35%) ISTQB
16 8 (0.31%) GCFA
16 8 (0.31%) JNCIP
16 8 (0.31%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 152 (5.93%) QA
2 23 (0.90%) GDPR
3 21 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 20 (0.78%) NIST
5 13 (0.51%) Data Quality
6 12 (0.47%) NCSC
7 9 (0.35%) SLA
8 8 (0.31%) Government Security Classifications
9 7 (0.27%) WAI
10 6 (0.23%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.12%) NIST 800
12 2 (0.078%) PMO
13 1 (0.039%) COBIT
System Software
1 764 (29.79%) Docker
2 43 (1.68%) Active Directory
3 40 (1.56%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (1.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 21 (0.82%) Kamailio
6 19 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
7 17 (0.66%) Hyper-V
8 16 (0.62%) Postfix
9 13 (0.51%) Firmware
10 8 (0.31%) BIND 9
10 8 (0.31%) VirtualBox
10 8 (0.31%) vSphere
11 6 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
11 6 (0.23%) Snort
12 5 (0.19%) GlusterFS
13 4 (0.16%) iptables
13 4 (0.16%) KVM
13 4 (0.16%) NFS
13 4 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
13 4 (0.16%) Xen
Systems Management
1 590 (23.00%) Kubernetes
2 280 (10.92%) Ansible
3 257 (10.02%) Terraform
4 211 (8.23%) Puppet
5 132 (5.15%) Opscode Chef
6 80 (3.12%) Grafana
7 65 (2.53%) Mesos
8 55 (2.14%) Prometheus
9 51 (1.99%) Consul
9 51 (1.99%) Packer
10 45 (1.75%) Docker Swarm
11 38 (1.48%) Marathon
12 33 (1.29%) Graphite
13 31 (1.21%) Salt
14 27 (1.05%) ZABBIX
15 25 (0.97%) Nagios
16 22 (0.86%) Kibana
17 12 (0.47%) Cobbler
17 12 (0.47%) Rancher
17 12 (0.47%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 289 (11.27%) Microsoft
2 274 (10.68%) Google
3 135 (5.26%) Oracle
4 98 (3.82%) Red Hat
5 87 (3.39%) VMware
6 39 (1.52%) Atlassian
7 31 (1.21%) Splunk
8 30 (1.17%) Black Duck
9 26 (1.01%) IBM
10 25 (0.97%) Bloomberg
10 25 (0.97%) Cisco
11 24 (0.94%) Adobe
12 22 (0.86%) New Relic
13 21 (0.82%) MuleSoft
14 20 (0.78%) Apple
14 20 (0.78%) Juniper
14 20 (0.78%) SAP
15 19 (0.74%) Salesforce.com
16 17 (0.66%) AppDynamics
17 16 (0.62%) Tableau