Period
to 19 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 19 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 153 133 144
Rank change year-on-year -20 +11 -27
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 2,655 1,459 2,865
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.39% 2.58% 2.49%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.54% 2.77% 2.69%
Number of salaries quoted 1,251 1,188 2,104
10th Percentile £42,500 £39,850 £36,813
25th Percentile £48,750 £49,938 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £67,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year - +8.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £86,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £97,500 £115,000
UK median annual salary £67,500 £67,500 £62,500
% change year-on-year - +8.00% +4.17%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 104,535 52,659 106,669
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.07% 93.16% 92.63%
Number of salaries quoted 70,325 43,532 86,122
10th Percentile £33,500 £32,750 £30,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £74,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Open Source in England.

Salary trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 19 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -19 1,584 £80,000 +6.67% 231
North of England -47 276 £55,000 - 70
South East -68 209 £55,000 -4.35% 40
East of England +6 184 £56,250 -19.64% 18
Midlands -45 178 £54,713 -4.85% 31
South West -16 171 £50,000 - 23
North West -51 157 £58,500 +6.36% 39
West Midlands -64 126 £55,000 -4.35% 20
Yorkshire -18 105 £55,000 - 21
East Midlands -31 52 £51,250 +28.13% 11
North East -21 14 £80,000 +77.78% 10
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 19 January 2022, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,343 (50.58%) Agile Software Development
2 1,132 (42.64%) Java
3 1,049 (39.51%) AWS
4 1,044 (39.32%) Software Engineering
5 1,006 (37.89%) Python
6 923 (34.76%) DevOps
7 848 (31.94%) Microservices
8 815 (30.70%) Docker
9 712 (26.82%) CI/CD
10 701 (26.40%) Kubernetes
11 683 (25.73%) JavaScript
12 654 (24.63%) Social Skills
13 580 (21.85%) Linux
14 570 (21.47%) Finance
15 546 (20.56%) React
16 535 (20.15%) Terraform
17 525 (19.77%) Azure
18 514 (19.36%) SQL
19 500 (18.83%) Git (software)
20 466 (17.55%) Degree
20 466 (17.55%) Jenkins
21 457 (17.21%) Spring
22 455 (17.14%) TDD
23 453 (17.06%) Test Automation
24 429 (16.16%) Scrum
25 416 (15.67%) REST
26 412 (15.52%) GCP
27 390 (14.69%) Continuous Integration
28 379 (14.27%) Node.js
29 372 (14.01%) Computer Science

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 225 (8.47%) Apache
2 164 (6.18%) Apache Spark
3 110 (4.14%) Confluence
4 101 (3.80%) Elasticsearch
5 64 (2.41%) CMS
6 43 (1.62%) Ethereum
7 38 (1.43%) GemFire
7 38 (1.43%) OpenStack
8 33 (1.24%) nginx
9 31 (1.17%) SharePoint
10 30 (1.13%) IIS
11 27 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
12 24 (0.90%) Apache Solr
13 23 (0.87%) WordPress
14 19 (0.72%) Sitecore CMS
15 17 (0.64%) Drupal
15 17 (0.64%) JBoss
16 13 (0.49%) Apache Pulsar
17 12 (0.45%) Tomcat
17 12 (0.45%) WebSphere
Applications
1 8 (0.30%) Chatbot
1 8 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 6 (0.23%) Photoshop
4 5 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.15%) Sketch
6 3 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.075%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.038%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.038%) GIMP
8 1 (0.038%) InVision
8 1 (0.038%) Revit
8 1 (0.038%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 24 (0.90%) Magento
2 20 (0.75%) R3 Corda
2 20 (0.75%) Summit
3 18 (0.68%) Distributed Ledger
4 13 (0.49%) Oracle BPM
4 13 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
5 9 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
7 4 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 2 (0.075%) Workfront
9 1 (0.038%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,049 (39.51%) AWS
2 525 (19.77%) Azure
3 412 (15.52%) GCP
4 296 (11.15%) GitHub
5 292 (11.00%) Serverless
6 145 (5.46%) Cloud Computing
7 142 (5.35%) SaaS
8 122 (4.60%) AWS Lambda
9 115 (4.33%) PaaS
10 108 (4.07%) Amazon S3
11 105 (3.95%) Amazon EC2
12 97 (3.65%) AWS CloudFormation
13 85 (3.20%) OpenShift
14 77 (2.90%) npm
15 73 (2.75%) Amazon ECS
16 70 (2.64%) Amazon SQS
17 67 (2.52%) Amazon Kinesis
18 64 (2.41%) IaaS
19 58 (2.18%) Microsoft 365
20 40 (1.51%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 70 (2.64%) Firewall
2 66 (2.49%) HTTP
3 61 (2.30%) Broadband
4 51 (1.92%) TCP/IP
5 29 (1.09%) Internet
5 29 (1.09%) Network Security
6 27 (1.02%) DNS
6 27 (1.02%) WAN
7 25 (0.94%) VoIP
8 24 (0.90%) LAN
8 24 (0.90%) VPN
9 17 (0.64%) 5G
9 17 (0.64%) Intrusion Detection
9 17 (0.64%) SAN
10 16 (0.60%) PBX
11 15 (0.56%) Wireshark
12 14 (0.53%) SSH
13 13 (0.49%) tcpdump
13 13 (0.49%) WebEx
14 12 (0.45%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 352 (13.26%) NoSQL
2 314 (11.83%) PostgreSQL
3 263 (9.91%) Big Data
4 212 (7.98%) Relational Database
5 187 (7.04%) MySQL
6 144 (5.42%) MongoDB
7 123 (4.63%) Hadoop
7 123 (4.63%) Redis
8 85 (3.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 79 (2.98%) HBase
10 77 (2.90%) Blockchain
11 76 (2.86%) MariaDB
12 72 (2.71%) SQL Server
13 60 (2.26%) Amazon Redshift
14 57 (2.15%) Amazon RDS
15 48 (1.81%) Apache Cassandra
16 42 (1.58%) Amazon Aurora
17 41 (1.54%) Data Warehouse
18 38 (1.43%) RDBMS
19 37 (1.39%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 500 (18.83%) Git (software)
2 466 (17.55%) Jenkins
3 192 (7.23%) JIRA
4 142 (5.35%) JUnit
5 116 (4.37%) webpack
6 94 (3.54%) GitLab
7 79 (2.98%) Storybook
8 74 (2.79%) Mockito
9 70 (2.64%) Cucumber
10 68 (2.56%) TeamCity
11 67 (2.52%) Cypress.io
12 66 (2.49%) Bitbucket
12 66 (2.49%) SonarQube
13 65 (2.45%) Artifactory
14 58 (2.18%) Selenium
15 53 (2.00%) Gradle
16 52 (1.96%) Octopus Deploy
17 51 (1.92%) Eclipse
18 48 (1.81%) Sonatype Nexus
19 46 (1.73%) Maven
General
1 654 (24.63%) Social Skills
2 570 (21.47%) Finance
3 222 (8.36%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 205 (7.72%) Analytical Skills
5 187 (7.04%) Banking
6 158 (5.95%) Retail
7 142 (5.35%) Legal
8 129 (4.86%) Marketing
9 120 (4.52%) Public Sector
10 95 (3.58%) Law
11 81 (3.05%) Automotive
12 79 (2.98%) Presentation Skills
13 62 (2.34%) Games
14 58 (2.18%) Influencing Skills
15 38 (1.43%) Telecoms
16 32 (1.21%) Financial Institution
16 32 (1.21%) Manufacturing
17 30 (1.13%) Back Office
18 28 (1.05%) Front Office
18 28 (1.05%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 756 (28.47%) Developer
2 492 (18.53%) Software Engineer
3 265 (9.98%) Java Developer
4 238 (8.96%) Architect
5 186 (7.01%) Senior Developer
6 180 (6.78%) Senior Software Engineer
7 156 (5.88%) DevOps Engineer
8 145 (5.46%) Java Engineer
9 102 (3.84%) Solutions Architect
10 94 (3.54%) Software Developer
11 92 (3.47%) Java Software Engineer
12 76 (2.86%) Analyst
13 69 (2.60%) Full Stack Developer
14 67 (2.52%) Lead Developer
15 64 (2.41%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 63 (2.37%) Cloud Engineer
17 61 (2.30%) Lead Software Engineer
18 58 (2.18%) Cloud Developer
18 58 (2.18%) Senior DevOps
19 53 (2.00%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 546 (20.56%) React
2 457 (17.21%) Spring
3 416 (15.67%) REST
4 379 (14.27%) Node.js
5 358 (13.48%) Kafka
6 321 (12.09%) CSS
7 317 (11.94%) AngularJS
8 269 (10.13%) HTML
9 242 (9.11%) RESTful
10 197 (7.42%) Spring Boot
11 175 (6.59%) GraphQL
12 160 (6.03%) HTML5
13 157 (5.91%) JSON
14 155 (5.84%) Web Services
15 143 (5.39%) Vue.js
16 139 (5.24%) .NET
17 135 (5.08%) Redux
18 126 (4.75%) Hibernate
19 103 (3.88%) CSS3
20 91 (3.43%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 269 (10.13%) User Experience
2 202 (7.61%) Greenfield Project
3 147 (5.54%) Blog
4 146 (5.50%) Cloud Native
5 142 (5.35%) Algorithms
6 123 (4.63%) Public Cloud
7 112 (4.22%) Self-Motivation
8 93 (3.50%) Linux Command Line
9 85 (3.20%) Social Media
10 75 (2.82%) Virtual Team
11 74 (2.79%) Mobile App
12 61 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
13 57 (2.15%) Data Centre
13 57 (2.15%) Management Information System
14 49 (1.85%) Cyberattack
15 45 (1.69%) Private Cloud
16 40 (1.51%) NHS
17 39 (1.47%) Data Structures
18 37 (1.39%) Cyber Defence
19 33 (1.24%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 580 (21.85%) Linux
2 161 (6.06%) Windows
3 153 (5.76%) Unix
4 105 (3.95%) Android
5 76 (2.86%) CentOS
6 67 (2.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 41 (1.54%) Apple iOS
8 35 (1.32%) VMS
9 32 (1.21%) Ubuntu
10 27 (1.02%) Mesosphere
11 25 (0.94%) Windows Server
11 25 (0.94%) Windows Server 2019
12 24 (0.90%) Windows Server 2016
13 23 (0.87%) Windows 10
14 14 (0.53%) Debian
15 12 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
16 9 (0.34%) Embedded Linux
16 9 (0.34%) Mac OS X
17 7 (0.26%) Fedora
18 3 (0.11%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,343 (50.58%) Agile Software Development
2 1,044 (39.32%) Software Engineering
3 923 (34.76%) DevOps
4 848 (31.94%) Microservices
5 712 (26.82%) CI/CD
6 455 (17.14%) TDD
7 453 (17.06%) Test Automation
8 429 (16.16%) Scrum
9 390 (14.69%) Continuous Integration
10 372 (14.01%) Computer Science
11 358 (13.48%) Problem-Solving
12 350 (13.18%) Mentoring
13 333 (12.54%) Machine Learning
14 321 (12.09%) Analytics
15 278 (10.47%) Artificial Intelligence
16 267 (10.06%) Full Stack Development
17 250 (9.42%) Data Science
18 229 (8.63%) OO
19 222 (8.36%) BDD
20 221 (8.32%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 1,132 (42.64%) Java
2 1,006 (37.89%) Python
3 683 (25.73%) JavaScript
4 514 (19.36%) SQL
5 319 (12.02%) TypeScript
6 278 (10.47%) Go
7 243 (9.15%) C++
8 200 (7.53%) C#
9 190 (7.16%) C
10 156 (5.88%) Ruby
11 129 (4.86%) PHP
12 126 (4.75%) Bash
13 100 (3.77%) Scala
14 96 (3.62%) Kotlin
14 96 (3.62%) Shell Script
15 95 (3.58%) Groovy
16 92 (3.47%) Java 8
16 92 (3.47%) R
17 76 (2.86%) Rust
18 59 (2.22%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 466 (17.55%) Degree
2 289 (10.89%) Security Cleared
3 242 (9.11%) SC Cleared
4 168 (6.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 48 (1.81%) PhD
6 45 (1.69%) DV Cleared
7 39 (1.47%) Master's Degree
7 39 (1.47%) Oracle Certification
8 35 (1.32%) OCP
9 23 (0.87%) AWS Certification
10 15 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
11 13 (0.49%) CISSP
12 10 (0.38%) BPSS Clearance
13 8 (0.30%) ISTQB
13 8 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 7 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
14 7 (0.26%) MCSA
14 7 (0.26%) OSCP
14 7 (0.26%) VCAP
15 6 (0.23%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 189 (7.12%) QA
2 47 (1.77%) Accessibility
3 40 (1.51%) SLA
4 33 (1.24%) Data Quality
5 31 (1.17%) ISO 26262
6 20 (0.75%) GDPR
7 17 (0.64%) IEC 61508
7 17 (0.64%) IEC 62304
8 15 (0.56%) NCSC
9 14 (0.53%) GxP
10 13 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 10 (0.38%) NIST
12 9 (0.34%) Cyber Essentials
13 8 (0.30%) WAI
14 7 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 7 (0.26%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 7 (0.26%) PSD2
15 5 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 4 (0.15%) PMO
16 4 (0.15%) TickIT
System Software
1 815 (30.70%) Docker
2 84 (3.16%) VMware Infrastructure
3 56 (2.11%) Virtual Machines
4 53 (2.00%) HDFS
5 44 (1.66%) Active Directory
6 31 (1.17%) Firmware
7 20 (0.75%) Postfix
8 17 (0.64%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 17 (0.64%) LXC
9 15 (0.56%) Hyper-V
10 14 (0.53%) Varnish
11 13 (0.49%) KVM
12 8 (0.30%) NFS
12 8 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
13 7 (0.26%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 7 (0.26%) Kamailio
14 5 (0.19%) OpenSIPS
14 5 (0.19%) Xen
15 4 (0.15%) Ceph
15 4 (0.15%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 701 (26.40%) Kubernetes
2 535 (20.15%) Terraform
3 348 (13.11%) Ansible
4 215 (8.10%) Puppet
5 136 (5.12%) Opscode Chef
6 100 (3.77%) Prometheus
7 90 (3.39%) Grafana
8 48 (1.81%) Consul
9 44 (1.66%) Packer
10 30 (1.13%) Docker Swarm
10 30 (1.13%) Kibana
11 27 (1.02%) Automic
12 18 (0.68%) Hadoop YARN
12 18 (0.68%) Nagios
13 16 (0.60%) Istio
13 16 (0.60%) logstash
14 14 (0.53%) Cisco IPCC
14 14 (0.53%) Single Sign-On
15 11 (0.41%) Proxmox
15 11 (0.41%) Red Hat Spacewalk
Vendors
1 204 (7.68%) Microsoft
2 186 (7.01%) Google
3 144 (5.42%) Oracle
4 97 (3.65%) VMware
5 60 (2.26%) Red Hat
6 59 (2.22%) Twitter
7 48 (1.81%) Splunk
8 47 (1.77%) Cisco
9 38 (1.43%) Okta
10 36 (1.36%) New Relic
11 26 (0.98%) Alibaba
12 25 (0.94%) Facebook
12 25 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
13 24 (0.90%) Fortinet
14 23 (0.87%) Adobe
15 21 (0.79%) Juniper
16 20 (0.75%) Bloomberg
16 20 (0.75%) HubSpot
16 20 (0.75%) Sitecore
17 19 (0.72%) LexisNexis