Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 140 116 112
Rank change year-on-year -24 -4 +6
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 3,149 4,413 4,944
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.51% 2.91% 2.93%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.72% 3.17% 3.17%
Number of salaries quoted 2,315 3,171 4,126
England median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.35% -
10th Percentile £35,200 £35,000 £33,375
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year - +4.35% +1.32%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 115,740 139,424 155,821
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.07% 91.89% 92.21%
Number of salaries quoted 92,344 111,949 124,146
England median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,500 £28,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Open Source in England.

Salary trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -9 1,695 £72,500 +3.57% 246
North of England +4 513 £50,000 +0.50% 89
South East -58 399 £52,500 -4.55% 67
North West -7 293 £57,818 +15.64% 45
South West -49 233 £50,000 - 42
Yorkshire +7 182 £45,000 -5.26% 36
Midlands -25 158 £50,000 -13.04% 39
West Midlands +1 128 £50,000 -9.09% 29
East of England +12 125 £55,000 +4.76% 28
North East +40 38 £57,500 +4.55% 8
East Midlands -41 28 £85,000 +17.24% 10
South Coast - 3 £60,000 -
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 1,720 (54.62%) Agile Software Development
2 1,194 (37.92%) DevOps
3 1,138 (36.14%) Java
4 1,082 (34.36%) Python
5 1,048 (33.28%) AWS
6 863 (27.41%) Docker
7 856 (27.18%) Linux
8 801 (25.44%) Software Engineering
9 800 (25.40%) Azure
10 789 (25.06%) JavaScript
11 712 (22.61%) Git (software)
12 652 (20.70%) Kubernetes
13 600 (19.05%) SQL
14 576 (18.29%) Finance
15 541 (17.18%) C#
16 533 (16.93%) Microservices
17 525 (16.67%) Degree
18 515 (16.35%) Problem-Solving
19 496 (15.75%) Continuous Integration
20 484 (15.37%) Jenkins
21 467 (14.83%) Test Automation
22 461 (14.64%) TDD
23 449 (14.26%) Scrum
24 424 (13.46%) Ansible
25 423 (13.43%) Computer Science
26 384 (12.19%) Mentoring
26 384 (12.19%) GCP
27 377 (11.97%) C++
28 376 (11.94%) Microsoft
29 364 (11.56%) Puppet

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 170 (5.40%) Apache
2 165 (5.24%) Apache Spark
3 114 (3.62%) Confluence
3 114 (3.62%) Elasticsearch
4 76 (2.41%) OpenStack
5 73 (2.32%) IIS
6 68 (2.16%) CMS
7 66 (2.10%) nginx
8 61 (1.94%) Tomcat
9 40 (1.27%) JBoss
10 36 (1.14%) Drupal
10 36 (1.14%) WordPress
11 34 (1.08%) Hyperledger
12 26 (0.83%) SharePoint
13 22 (0.70%) Ethereum
14 16 (0.51%) ArcGIS
14 16 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 16 (0.51%) WebLogic
15 15 (0.48%) GeoServer
16 14 (0.44%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 28 (0.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (0.70%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 7 (0.22%) AutoCAD
3 7 (0.22%) Photoshop
4 6 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
4 6 (0.19%) Figma
4 6 (0.19%) Sketch
5 4 (0.13%) InVision
5 4 (0.13%) Marvel
5 4 (0.13%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.095%) SPSS
7 2 (0.064%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.032%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.032%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.032%) Stata
Business Applications
1 23 (0.73%) FINCAD Analytics
2 22 (0.70%) Distributed Ledger
3 19 (0.60%) Magento
4 15 (0.48%) R3 Corda
5 14 (0.44%) Dynamics CRM
6 7 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
7 5 (0.16%) PolarLake
8 4 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
9 3 (0.095%) OpenCart
9 3 (0.095%) Oracle Applications
9 3 (0.095%) osCommerce
9 3 (0.095%) SAP Business One
10 2 (0.064%) Oracle BPM
10 2 (0.064%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.064%) SAP S/4HANA
11 1 (0.032%) NetSuite
11 1 (0.032%) SAP ERP
11 1 (0.032%) Shopify
11 1 (0.032%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
11 1 (0.032%) TIBCO iProcess
Cloud Services
1 1,048 (33.28%) AWS
2 800 (25.40%) Azure
3 384 (12.19%) GCP
4 191 (6.07%) GitHub
5 136 (4.32%) SaaS
6 115 (3.65%) Serverless
7 93 (2.95%) PaaS
8 83 (2.64%) AWS CloudFormation
9 81 (2.57%) Cloud Computing
10 64 (2.03%) AWS Lambda
11 56 (1.78%) Amazon EC2
12 54 (1.71%) OpenShift
13 51 (1.62%) IaaS
14 49 (1.56%) Slack
15 38 (1.21%) Amazon S3
15 38 (1.21%) Office 365
16 36 (1.14%) Amazon ECS
17 35 (1.11%) Power Platform
18 34 (1.08%) CloudBees
19 31 (0.98%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 133 (4.22%) Firewall
2 104 (3.30%) TCP/IP
3 84 (2.67%) Internet
4 69 (2.19%) DNS
5 54 (1.71%) HTTP
6 44 (1.40%) VPN
7 43 (1.37%) Network Security
8 37 (1.17%) SSL
9 23 (0.73%) DHCP
10 19 (0.60%) BGP
11 17 (0.54%) OSPF
12 16 (0.51%) Intrusion Detection
13 14 (0.44%) WAN
13 14 (0.44%) Wireless
13 14 (0.44%) Wireshark
14 12 (0.38%) Skype
15 10 (0.32%) Cisco ASA
15 10 (0.32%) MPLS
15 10 (0.32%) NGN
15 10 (0.32%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 298 (9.46%) NoSQL
2 290 (9.21%) Big Data
3 273 (8.67%) SQL Server
4 256 (8.13%) MySQL
5 230 (7.30%) PostgreSQL
6 192 (6.10%) MongoDB
7 187 (5.94%) Hadoop
8 165 (5.24%) Relational Database
9 86 (2.73%) Data Warehouse
9 86 (2.73%) RDBMS
10 81 (2.57%) Blockchain
11 76 (2.41%) Redis
12 62 (1.97%) GIS
13 56 (1.78%) Apache Cassandra
14 54 (1.71%) Apache Hive
15 51 (1.62%) Data Lake
16 44 (1.40%) Azure SQL Database
17 42 (1.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 42 (1.33%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 40 (1.27%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 712 (22.61%) Git (software)
2 484 (15.37%) Jenkins
3 242 (7.68%) JIRA
4 148 (4.70%) Selenium
5 146 (4.64%) Bitbucket
6 136 (4.32%) TeamCity
7 128 (4.06%) Cucumber
8 113 (3.59%) JUnit
9 103 (3.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 100 (3.18%) Maven
11 88 (2.79%) Team Foundation Server
12 79 (2.51%) Visual Studio
13 70 (2.22%) Travis CI
14 67 (2.13%) Octopus Deploy
15 65 (2.06%) Visual Studio Team System
16 63 (2.00%) GitLab
17 62 (1.97%) Subversion
18 55 (1.75%) NUnit
19 47 (1.49%) Bitbucket Server
20 46 (1.46%) Artifactory
General
1 576 (18.29%) Finance
2 182 (5.78%) Banking
3 167 (5.30%) Marketing
4 156 (4.95%) Retail
5 152 (4.83%) Public Sector
6 105 (3.33%) Games
7 98 (3.11%) Front Office
8 78 (2.48%) Telecoms
9 56 (1.78%) Electronics
10 48 (1.52%) Manufacturing
11 40 (1.27%) Automotive
12 39 (1.24%) Law
13 35 (1.11%) Legal
14 23 (0.73%) Billing
15 20 (0.64%) Publishing
16 16 (0.51%) Aerospace
16 16 (0.51%) Local Government
17 15 (0.48%) Advertising
18 10 (0.32%) Investment Banking
18 10 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,040 (33.03%) Developer
2 351 (11.15%) DevOps Engineer
3 320 (10.16%) Software Engineer
4 216 (6.86%) Architect
4 216 (6.86%) Java Developer
5 199 (6.32%) Senior Developer
6 161 (5.11%) Consultant
7 137 (4.35%) Software Developer
8 123 (3.91%) .NET Developer
8 123 (3.91%) AWS Engineer
9 116 (3.68%) Analyst
10 105 (3.33%) Senior Software Engineer
11 96 (3.05%) Cloud Engineer
12 94 (2.99%) C# Developer
12 94 (2.99%) Full Stack Developer
13 93 (2.95%) Java Engineer
14 87 (2.76%) Senior DevOps
15 84 (2.67%) Linux Engineer
16 81 (2.57%) Test Engineer
17 79 (2.51%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 362 (11.50%) .NET
2 357 (11.34%) Node.js
3 348 (11.05%) CSS
4 344 (10.92%) HTML
5 342 (10.86%) Web Services
6 329 (10.45%) AngularJS
7 305 (9.69%) React
8 290 (9.21%) REST
9 254 (8.07%) RESTful
10 245 (7.78%) Spring
11 136 (4.32%) Kafka
12 135 (4.29%) HTML5
13 130 (4.13%) ASP.NET
14 122 (3.87%) Elastic Stack
15 109 (3.46%) JSON
16 93 (2.95%) J2EE
17 90 (2.86%) jQuery
17 90 (2.86%) Spring Boot
18 85 (2.70%) XML
19 78 (2.48%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 196 (6.22%) Analytical Skills
2 182 (5.78%) Public Cloud
3 164 (5.21%) User Experience
4 154 (4.89%) Algorithms
5 143 (4.54%) Greenfield Project
6 131 (4.16%) Cloud Native
7 117 (3.72%) Self-Motivation
8 112 (3.56%) Mobile App
9 94 (2.99%) Data Centre
10 83 (2.64%) Derivative
11 82 (2.60%) Fixed Income
12 81 (2.57%) Smartphone
13 80 (2.54%) Management Information System
14 75 (2.38%) Equities
15 67 (2.13%) Linux Command Line
16 62 (1.97%) Hedge funds
17 59 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
18 57 (1.81%) Virtual Team
19 56 (1.78%) Private Cloud
20 55 (1.75%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 856 (27.18%) Linux
2 274 (8.70%) Windows
3 143 (4.54%) Android
4 128 (4.06%) Unix
5 126 (4.00%) CentOS
6 105 (3.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 93 (2.95%) Apple iOS
8 73 (2.32%) Windows Server
9 72 (2.29%) Ubuntu
10 36 (1.14%) Debian
11 34 (1.08%) Mac OS X
11 34 (1.08%) Mesosphere
12 18 (0.57%) AIX
12 18 (0.57%) Tizen
13 14 (0.44%) SUSE
14 11 (0.35%) Windows 10
15 9 (0.29%) Mac OS
15 9 (0.29%) Solaris
16 6 (0.19%) Fedora
16 6 (0.19%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,720 (54.62%) Agile Software Development
2 1,194 (37.92%) DevOps
3 801 (25.44%) Software Engineering
4 533 (16.93%) Microservices
5 515 (16.35%) Problem-Solving
6 496 (15.75%) Continuous Integration
7 467 (14.83%) Test Automation
8 461 (14.64%) TDD
9 449 (14.26%) Scrum
10 423 (13.43%) Computer Science
11 384 (12.19%) Mentoring
12 360 (11.43%) Analytics
13 351 (11.15%) OO
14 294 (9.34%) BDD
15 287 (9.11%) Configuration Management
16 271 (8.61%) Artificial Intelligence
17 212 (6.73%) Continuous Delivery
18 199 (6.32%) SDLC
19 195 (6.19%) Migration
20 187 (5.94%) Open Source Development
Programming Languages
1 1,138 (36.14%) Java
2 1,082 (34.36%) Python
3 789 (25.06%) JavaScript
4 600 (19.05%) SQL
5 541 (17.18%) C#
6 377 (11.97%) C++
7 302 (9.59%) Bash Shell
8 288 (9.15%) Ruby
9 284 (9.02%) PHP
10 268 (8.51%) C
11 242 (7.68%) Go
12 164 (5.21%) Scala
13 146 (4.64%) PowerShell
14 140 (4.45%) Kotlin
15 110 (3.49%) Java 8
16 88 (2.79%) Perl
17 83 (2.64%) TypeScript
18 72 (2.29%) R
19 66 (2.10%) T-SQL
20 63 (2.00%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 525 (16.67%) Degree
2 247 (7.84%) Computer Science Degree
3 169 (5.37%) Security Cleared
4 70 (2.22%) SC Cleared
5 51 (1.62%) PhD
6 43 (1.37%) DV Cleared
7 28 (0.89%) Microsoft Certification
8 26 (0.83%) HND
9 21 (0.67%) Master's Degree
10 20 (0.64%) AWS Certification
11 19 (0.60%) Cisco Certification
12 17 (0.54%) ISEB
12 17 (0.54%) ISTQB
13 16 (0.51%) JNCIE
13 16 (0.51%) JNCIP
14 14 (0.44%) CISSP
15 11 (0.35%) CCNP
15 11 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 11 (0.35%) SANS
16 9 (0.29%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 300 (9.53%) QA
2 39 (1.24%) Data Quality
3 17 (0.54%) GDPR
4 14 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 9 (0.29%) PCI DSS
6 8 (0.25%) NIST
6 8 (0.25%) WAI
7 5 (0.16%) ISO 26262
8 3 (0.095%) COBIT
8 3 (0.095%) NCSC
8 3 (0.095%) SLA
9 2 (0.064%) PSD2
10 1 (0.032%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.032%) MiFID
System Software
1 863 (27.41%) Docker
2 81 (2.57%) Active Directory
3 43 (1.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 37 (1.17%) Virtual Machines
5 26 (0.83%) vSphere
6 23 (0.73%) KVM
7 22 (0.70%) Hyper-V
8 16 (0.51%) Ceph
9 15 (0.48%) BIND 9
9 15 (0.48%) Firmware
10 13 (0.41%) vCloud
11 10 (0.32%) VMware ESXi
12 8 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
12 8 (0.25%) Postfix
13 6 (0.19%) NFS
13 6 (0.19%) Xen
14 5 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 5 (0.16%) etcd
14 5 (0.16%) Varnish
15 4 (0.13%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 652 (20.70%) Kubernetes
2 424 (13.46%) Ansible
3 364 (11.56%) Puppet
4 332 (10.54%) Terraform
5 245 (7.78%) Opscode Chef
6 104 (3.30%) Prometheus
7 76 (2.41%) Consul
8 71 (2.25%) Salt
9 64 (2.03%) Grafana
10 60 (1.91%) Packer
11 49 (1.56%) Docker Swarm
12 42 (1.33%) Nagios
13 38 (1.21%) Mesos
14 36 (1.14%) Rancher
15 34 (1.08%) Automic
15 34 (1.08%) Graphite
16 30 (0.95%) Kibana
17 22 (0.70%) logstash
17 22 (0.70%) ZABBIX
18 18 (0.57%) CA Service Virtualization
Vendors
1 376 (11.94%) Microsoft
2 313 (9.94%) Google
3 184 (5.84%) Oracle
4 113 (3.59%) VMware
5 105 (3.33%) Red Hat
6 84 (2.67%) Atlassian
7 68 (2.16%) Splunk
8 49 (1.56%) Adobe
9 45 (1.43%) Cisco
10 43 (1.37%) SAP
11 37 (1.17%) Sage
12 32 (1.02%) Tableau
13 29 (0.92%) Apple
13 29 (0.92%) Bloomberg
14 28 (0.89%) Salesforce.com
15 27 (0.86%) Juniper
16 24 (0.76%) CA
16 24 (0.76%) MuleSoft
17 23 (0.73%) CheckPoint
17 23 (0.73%) Cloudera