Period
to 13 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Open Source skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Open Source over the 6 months to 13 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Source
UK > England
6 months to
13 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 133 118 112
Rank change year-on-year -15 -6 +4
Permanent jobs citing Open Source 1,421 3,675 4,617
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.46% 2.80% 2.91%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.66% 3.03% 3.17%
Number of salaries quoted 1,236 2,920 3,660
Median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £60,000
10th Percentile £37,348 £36,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £96,875 £95,000 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £59,000
% change year-on-year - +1.69% +7.27%

Open Source is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 53,439 121,215 145,741
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.38% 92.21% 91.92%
Number of salaries quoted 43,189 96,234 116,957
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,450
90th Percentile £90,250 £87,500 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Open Source
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Open Source as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Open Source in England.

Salary trend for Open Source in England

Open Source
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Open Source in England over the 6 months to 13 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Open Source in England

Open Source
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Open Source within the England region over the 6 months to 13 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -25 718 £72,500 - 96
North of England +4 234 £52,500 +5.00% 30
South East -26 170 £60,000 +14.29% 29
South West +14 129 £51,593 -6.20% 17
North West -5 116 £50,000 -4.76% 20
Yorkshire +60 110 £55,000 +15.79% 8
Midlands +42 91 £53,000 +6.00% 13
West Midlands +45 75 £55,000 +10.00% 10
East of England +46 65 £48,750 +6.93% 24
East Midlands +52 16 £50,000 +11.11% 3
North East +4 8 £35,000 -28.21% 2
South Coast -1 1 - -
Open Source
UK

For the 6 months to 13 August 2020, IT jobs citing Open Source also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Open Source.

1 648 (45.60%) Agile Software Development
2 557 (39.20%) Python
3 529 (37.23%) Java
4 488 (34.34%) DevOps
5 481 (33.85%) AWS
6 447 (31.46%) JavaScript
7 426 (29.98%) Software Engineering
8 419 (29.49%) Docker
9 400 (28.15%) Linux
10 385 (27.09%) Microservices
11 313 (22.03%) Kubernetes
12 294 (20.69%) Azure
13 280 (19.70%) Git (software)
14 272 (19.14%) Node.js
15 255 (17.95%) Continuous Integration
16 254 (17.87%) Jenkins
17 237 (16.68%) SQL
18 231 (16.26%) React
19 225 (15.83%) TDD
20 211 (14.85%) AngularJS
21 206 (14.50%) NoSQL
22 194 (13.65%) Finance
23 186 (13.09%) HTML
23 186 (13.09%) Test Automation
24 178 (12.53%) Ruby
25 173 (12.17%) CSS
26 170 (11.96%) C#
27 168 (11.82%) Degree
27 168 (11.82%) Terraform
28 164 (11.54%) Microsoft

Open Source
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 81 (5.70%) Confluence
2 63 (4.43%) Elasticsearch
3 60 (4.22%) Apache Spark
4 56 (3.94%) Apache
5 30 (2.11%) CMS
6 23 (1.62%) OpenStack
7 18 (1.27%) nginx
8 15 (1.06%) Tomcat
9 11 (0.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 11 (0.77%) Apache Solr
10 10 (0.70%) Headless CMS
11 9 (0.63%) Apache Pig
11 9 (0.63%) Red Hat Fuse
12 8 (0.56%) Cloud Foundry
12 8 (0.56%) SharePoint
13 6 (0.42%) ArcGIS
13 6 (0.42%) ExpressionEngine
13 6 (0.42%) IIS
13 6 (0.42%) Umbraco
14 5 (0.35%) WordPress
Applications
1 10 (0.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.56%) Chatbot
2 8 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.35%) AutoCAD
4 1 (0.070%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.070%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 11 (0.77%) Magento
2 4 (0.28%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.28%) Dynamics NAV
2 4 (0.28%) Oracle Applications
3 3 (0.21%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 3 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.070%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.070%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 481 (33.85%) AWS
2 294 (20.69%) Azure
3 145 (10.20%) GCP
4 114 (8.02%) GitHub
5 82 (5.77%) Serverless
6 78 (5.49%) SaaS
7 57 (4.01%) AWS Lambda
8 53 (3.73%) PaaS
9 50 (3.52%) Amazon EC2
10 48 (3.38%) Cloud Computing
10 48 (3.38%) IaaS
10 48 (3.38%) OpenShift
11 31 (2.18%) Amazon S3
12 28 (1.97%) AWS CloudFormation
13 25 (1.76%) Amazon EKS
13 25 (1.76%) Azure Functions
14 24 (1.69%) Amazon ECS
15 22 (1.55%) Power Platform
16 21 (1.48%) Slack
17 19 (1.34%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 49 (3.45%) Firewall
2 43 (3.03%) Internet
3 30 (2.11%) HTTP
4 28 (1.97%) DNS
5 27 (1.90%) VPN
6 21 (1.48%) TCP/IP
7 19 (1.34%) Network Security
8 16 (1.13%) IPv6
9 15 (1.06%) VoIP
9 15 (1.06%) Wireshark
10 12 (0.84%) Asterisk PBX
10 12 (0.84%) Skype
10 12 (0.84%) Wireless
11 11 (0.77%) Broadband
11 11 (0.77%) SAN
12 9 (0.63%) SSH
12 9 (0.63%) tcpdump
13 8 (0.56%) DHCP
13 8 (0.56%) IPv4
13 8 (0.56%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 206 (14.50%) NoSQL
2 138 (9.71%) MySQL
3 114 (8.02%) Big Data
4 110 (7.74%) MongoDB
4 110 (7.74%) PostgreSQL
5 91 (6.40%) SQL Server
6 69 (4.86%) Hadoop
7 44 (3.10%) Redis
8 40 (2.81%) Apache Cassandra
9 39 (2.74%) Relational Database
10 37 (2.60%) Data Warehouse
11 28 (1.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 21 (1.48%) Amazon RDS
13 18 (1.27%) Cosmos DB
14 16 (1.13%) Apache Hive
15 15 (1.06%) Amazon Redshift
15 15 (1.06%) Data Lake
15 15 (1.06%) GIS
16 14 (0.99%) Geospatial Data
16 14 (0.99%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 280 (19.70%) Git (software)
2 254 (17.87%) Jenkins
3 126 (8.87%) JIRA
4 78 (5.49%) Selenium
5 70 (4.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 69 (4.86%) GitLab
7 51 (3.59%) JUnit
8 46 (3.24%) Mockito
9 42 (2.96%) Subversion
10 39 (2.74%) Vagrant
11 36 (2.53%) Cucumber
12 35 (2.46%) Artifactory
13 30 (2.11%) Maven
14 28 (1.97%) WebDriver
15 25 (1.76%) Bitbucket
16 23 (1.62%) SonarQube
17 19 (1.34%) TeamCity
18 16 (1.13%) DbUnit
19 15 (1.06%) Grunt
19 15 (1.06%) jMock
General
1 194 (13.65%) Finance
2 74 (5.21%) Public Sector
3 53 (3.73%) Law
4 51 (3.59%) Marketing
5 48 (3.38%) Games
6 46 (3.24%) Banking
7 44 (3.10%) Front Office
8 39 (2.74%) Retail
9 31 (2.18%) Legal
10 29 (2.04%) Telecoms
11 16 (1.13%) Publishing
12 10 (0.70%) Automotive
13 9 (0.63%) Financial Institution
13 9 (0.63%) Investment Banking
14 7 (0.49%) Military
15 6 (0.42%) Advertising
15 6 (0.42%) Electronics
16 4 (0.28%) Digital Economy
16 4 (0.28%) Local Government
16 4 (0.28%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 454 (31.95%) Developer
2 181 (12.74%) Software Engineer
3 150 (10.56%) Architect
4 147 (10.34%) DevOps Engineer
5 114 (8.02%) Java Developer
6 86 (6.05%) Java Engineer
7 80 (5.63%) Senior Developer
8 68 (4.79%) Solutions Architect
9 64 (4.50%) Java Software Engineer
10 63 (4.43%) Python Engineer
11 51 (3.59%) Linux Engineer
12 47 (3.31%) AWS Engineer
13 45 (3.17%) Full Stack Developer
14 44 (3.10%) Cloud Architect
14 44 (3.10%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 40 (2.81%) Platform Engineer
15 40 (2.81%) Software Developer
16 38 (2.67%) Python Developer
17 35 (2.46%) PHP Developer
18 34 (2.39%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 272 (19.14%) Node.js
2 231 (16.26%) React
3 211 (14.85%) AngularJS
4 186 (13.09%) HTML
5 173 (12.17%) CSS
6 162 (11.40%) .NET
7 138 (9.71%) REST
8 135 (9.50%) RESTful
9 117 (8.23%) Web Services
10 106 (7.46%) Spring
11 102 (7.18%) Kafka
12 74 (5.21%) HTML5
13 54 (3.80%) Elastic Stack
13 54 (3.80%) Vue.js
14 51 (3.59%) jQuery
15 49 (3.45%) Ruby on Rails
16 46 (3.24%) CSS3
17 44 (3.10%) RabbitMQ
18 42 (2.96%) React Native
19 39 (2.74%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 84 (5.91%) Greenfield Project
2 75 (5.28%) Cloud Native
3 70 (4.93%) Mobile App
4 68 (4.79%) Blog
4 68 (4.79%) Public Cloud
5 64 (4.50%) User Experience
6 63 (4.43%) Analytical Skills
7 53 (3.73%) Algorithms
8 49 (3.45%) Enterprise Software
9 46 (3.24%) Hedge funds
10 36 (2.53%) Derivative
11 30 (2.11%) Self-Motivation
12 25 (1.76%) Data Centre
12 25 (1.76%) Fixed Income
12 25 (1.76%) Management Information System
13 24 (1.69%) Cyberattack
14 23 (1.62%) Life Science
14 23 (1.62%) PKI
15 21 (1.48%) Data Structures
16 20 (1.41%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 400 (28.15%) Linux
2 92 (6.47%) CentOS
3 82 (5.77%) Unix
4 80 (5.63%) Windows
5 70 (4.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 57 (4.01%) Android
7 35 (2.46%) Ubuntu
8 30 (2.11%) Apple iOS
9 26 (1.83%) Debian
10 14 (0.99%) Mac OS X
10 14 (0.99%) VMS
11 8 (0.56%) CoreOS
11 8 (0.56%) Windows Server
12 6 (0.42%) Fedora
13 4 (0.28%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.21%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 648 (45.60%) Agile Software Development
2 488 (34.34%) DevOps
3 426 (29.98%) Software Engineering
4 385 (27.09%) Microservices
5 255 (17.95%) Continuous Integration
6 225 (15.83%) TDD
7 186 (13.09%) Test Automation
8 158 (11.12%) Scrum
9 139 (9.78%) Computer Science
10 137 (9.64%) OO
11 132 (9.29%) BDD
12 131 (9.22%) Problem-Solving
13 130 (9.15%) Analytics
14 124 (8.73%) Mentoring
15 118 (8.30%) High Availability
16 99 (6.97%) Artificial Intelligence
17 96 (6.76%) Configuration Management
17 96 (6.76%) Machine Learning
18 91 (6.40%) E-Commerce
18 91 (6.40%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 557 (39.20%) Python
2 529 (37.23%) Java
3 447 (31.46%) JavaScript
4 237 (16.68%) SQL
5 178 (12.53%) Ruby
6 170 (11.96%) C#
7 150 (10.56%) Go
8 142 (9.99%) C++
9 132 (9.29%) PHP
10 113 (7.95%) Scala
11 111 (7.81%) Bash Shell
12 100 (7.04%) C
13 75 (5.28%) Java 8
14 61 (4.29%) PowerShell
15 55 (3.87%) TypeScript
16 38 (2.67%) R
17 36 (2.53%) Perl
18 30 (2.11%) Kotlin
19 23 (1.62%) Objective-C
20 22 (1.55%) ES6
Qualifications
1 168 (11.82%) Degree
2 145 (10.20%) Security Cleared
3 93 (6.54%) SC Cleared
4 69 (4.86%) Computer Science Degree
5 53 (3.73%) DV Cleared
6 39 (2.74%) AWS Certification
7 22 (1.55%) ISEB
8 20 (1.41%) ISTQB
9 11 (0.77%) SANS
10 9 (0.63%) CISSP
10 9 (0.63%) PhD
11 7 (0.49%) CISM
12 6 (0.42%) CSSLP
12 6 (0.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 6 (0.42%) ITIL Certification
12 6 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
13 5 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
13 5 (0.35%) MBA
13 5 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
14 4 (0.28%) GCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (6.47%) QA
2 35 (2.46%) NIST
3 27 (1.90%) GDPR
3 27 (1.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 23 (1.62%) NIST 800
5 18 (1.27%) NCSC
6 8 (0.56%) SLA
7 6 (0.42%) Data Quality
8 4 (0.28%) Government Security Classifications
9 3 (0.21%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.070%) MiFID
10 1 (0.070%) SEPA
System Software
1 419 (29.49%) Docker
2 27 (1.90%) Active Directory
2 27 (1.90%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (1.20%) Virtual Machines
4 15 (1.06%) Firmware
5 13 (0.91%) Kamailio
6 11 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 11 (0.77%) Postfix
7 9 (0.63%) Squid
8 8 (0.56%) LXC
8 8 (0.56%) VirtualBox
9 7 (0.49%) GlusterFS
9 7 (0.49%) Hyper-V
10 5 (0.35%) Xen
11 4 (0.28%) Ceph
11 4 (0.28%) vSphere
12 2 (0.14%) iptables
12 2 (0.14%) vCloud
13 1 (0.070%) FreeRADIUS
13 1 (0.070%) KVM
Systems Management
1 313 (22.03%) Kubernetes
2 168 (11.82%) Terraform
3 155 (10.91%) Ansible
4 108 (7.60%) Puppet
5 63 (4.43%) Grafana
6 58 (4.08%) Opscode Chef
7 49 (3.45%) Prometheus
8 39 (2.74%) Graphite
9 26 (1.83%) Docker Swarm
10 21 (1.48%) Packer
11 18 (1.27%) Consul
12 16 (1.13%) Nagios
13 14 (0.99%) Kibana
14 12 (0.84%) Mesos
15 11 (0.77%) Marathon
16 9 (0.63%) ZABBIX
17 8 (0.56%) Rancher
18 7 (0.49%) Graylog
19 6 (0.42%) Failover Clustering
19 6 (0.42%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 164 (11.54%) Microsoft
2 102 (7.18%) Google
3 75 (5.28%) Oracle
4 56 (3.94%) Red Hat
5 50 (3.52%) VMware
6 24 (1.69%) Splunk
7 20 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
8 15 (1.06%) HP
9 13 (0.91%) Adobe
9 13 (0.91%) Databricks
10 12 (0.84%) Cognizant
11 11 (0.77%) Remedy
11 11 (0.77%) Zend
12 10 (0.70%) IBM
12 10 (0.70%) MuleSoft
12 10 (0.70%) New Relic
13 9 (0.63%) Facebook
13 9 (0.63%) NVIDIA
13 9 (0.63%) SaltStack
13 9 (0.63%) TIBCO