Period
to 20 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Unix skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unix over the 6 months to 20 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unix
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 140 101 91
Rank change year-on-year -39 -10 -20
Permanent jobs citing Unix 1,158 4,396 5,637
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.36% 3.11% 3.37%
As % of the Operating Systems category 10.99% 13.58% 14.66%
Number of salaries quoted 947 3,085 4,262
Median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £37,159 £32,500 £32,250
90th Percentile £88,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Unix is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 10,541 32,378 38,464
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.48% 22.92% 23.00%
Number of salaries quoted 8,653 25,539 31,031
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,000 £25,250 £25,263
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £41,000 £40,500
% change year-on-year +9.76% +1.23% +1.25%

Unix
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Unix as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unix.

Salary trend for Unix in the UK

Unix
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unix over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Unix in the UK

Unix
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unix within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -43 1,055 £60,000 +7.72% 206
London -29 588 £70,000 - 88
UK excluding London -64 525 £50,000 +5.26% 135
South East -31 142 £55,000 +4.76% 21
Midlands +25 124 £55,000 +25.00% 24
Work from Home 0 89 £60,000 +9.09% 26
North of England -101 89 £45,000 - 32
South West -10 83 £52,500 +23.53% 24
West Midlands -7 70 £55,000 +28.65% 14
North West -8 64 £45,000 +5.88% 20
East Midlands +56 52 £50,000 +5.26% 10
Scotland -4 52 £40,500 -10.00% 12
East of England +6 21 £45,000 -10.00% 13
Yorkshire -87 19 £55,000 +10.00% 6
Northern Ireland 0 9 £41,250 +26.92% 1
Wales +33 6 £32,000 -20.00% 8
North East -24 6 £41,000 -8.94% 6

For the 6 months to 20 September 2020, IT jobs citing Unix also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Unix.

1 775 (66.93%) Linux
2 380 (32.82%) Python
3 364 (31.43%) Java
4 349 (30.14%) SQL
5 337 (29.10%) Oracle
6 334 (28.84%) Windows
7 311 (26.86%) Agile Software Development
8 306 (26.42%) AWS
9 301 (25.99%) Finance
10 247 (21.33%) DevOps
11 223 (19.26%) Azure
12 179 (15.46%) Shell Script
13 168 (14.51%) JavaScript
14 163 (14.08%) Git (software)
15 154 (13.30%) Microsoft
16 148 (12.78%) VMware
16 148 (12.78%) Ansible
17 134 (11.57%) Docker
17 134 (11.57%) Software Engineering
18 132 (11.40%) Degree
19 127 (10.97%) Problem-Solving
20 125 (10.79%) Perl
21 124 (10.71%) Banking
22 121 (10.45%) Bash Shell
23 119 (10.28%) PL/SQL
24 116 (10.02%) SQL Server
25 114 (9.84%) Mentoring
25 114 (9.84%) Jenkins
26 113 (9.76%) Oracle Database
26 113 (9.76%) Kubernetes

Unix
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (3.63%) Apache
2 40 (3.45%) SAS
3 28 (2.42%) Apache Spark
4 24 (2.07%) WebLogic
5 21 (1.81%) Oracle Workflow
6 19 (1.64%) Confluence
6 19 (1.64%) Tomcat
7 18 (1.55%) IIS
8 17 (1.47%) WebSphere
9 10 (0.86%) SharePoint
10 8 (0.69%) Elasticsearch
11 6 (0.52%) MS Exchange
11 6 (0.52%) OpenStack
12 5 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
12 5 (0.43%) GeoServer
12 5 (0.43%) MQSeries
12 5 (0.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 4 (0.35%) CICS
13 4 (0.35%) MTS
13 4 (0.35%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 21 (1.81%) Microsoft Excel
1 21 (1.81%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (0.95%) MS Visio
3 10 (0.86%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.26%) Abaqus
5 1 (0.086%) Adobe XD
5 1 (0.086%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.086%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.086%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 27 (2.33%) Remedy ITSM
2 6 (0.52%) FLEXCUBE
2 6 (0.52%) Oracle Applications
3 5 (0.43%) Oracle EBS
3 5 (0.43%) Salerio
4 3 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.26%) Oracle EBS R12
5 2 (0.17%) ION MarketView
5 2 (0.17%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.086%) Global One
6 1 (0.086%) OpenText VIM for SAP
6 1 (0.086%) Oracle 11i
6 1 (0.086%) Oracle Retail
6 1 (0.086%) SAP BPC
6 1 (0.086%) SAP CRM
6 1 (0.086%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.086%) SAP SRM
6 1 (0.086%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 306 (26.42%) AWS
2 223 (19.26%) Azure
3 53 (4.58%) Office 365
4 49 (4.23%) Power Platform
5 35 (3.02%) GCP
6 29 (2.50%) AWS CloudFormation
7 27 (2.33%) OpenShift
8 25 (2.16%) SaaS
9 23 (1.99%) Serverless
10 21 (1.81%) GitHub
11 19 (1.64%) Amazon EC2
12 18 (1.55%) PaaS
13 15 (1.30%) Azure Active Directory
14 14 (1.21%) IaaS
15 12 (1.04%) Amazon S3
16 10 (0.86%) Amazon ECS
17 9 (0.78%) AWS Lambda
18 7 (0.60%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 7 (0.60%) Apigee
18 7 (0.60%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 100 (8.64%) TCP/IP
2 99 (8.55%) Firewall
3 69 (5.96%) DNS
4 38 (3.28%) Network Security
5 36 (3.11%) Internet
6 31 (2.68%) DHCP
7 30 (2.59%) VPN
8 28 (2.42%) LAN
8 28 (2.42%) WAN
9 24 (2.07%) SAN
10 23 (1.99%) Intrusion Detection
11 17 (1.47%) HTTP
11 17 (1.47%) SSL
12 16 (1.38%) SSH
13 15 (1.30%) BGP
14 14 (1.21%) FIX Connectivity
14 14 (1.21%) SNMP
14 14 (1.21%) Wireshark
15 13 (1.12%) OSPF
16 12 (1.04%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 116 (10.02%) SQL Server
2 113 (9.76%) Oracle Database
3 91 (7.86%) Big Data
4 82 (7.08%) Hadoop
5 57 (4.92%) Relational Database
6 53 (4.58%) Apache Hive
6 53 (4.58%) MongoDB
7 49 (4.23%) BusinessObjects
7 49 (4.23%) Power BI
8 48 (4.15%) PostgreSQL
9 46 (3.97%) MySQL
10 44 (3.80%) Impala
10 44 (3.80%) NoSQL
11 38 (3.28%) Pentaho
12 29 (2.50%) Data Warehouse
13 24 (2.07%) RDBMS
14 21 (1.81%) DB2
14 21 (1.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 20 (1.73%) Data Lake
15 20 (1.73%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 163 (14.08%) Git (software)
2 114 (9.84%) Jenkins
3 90 (7.77%) JIRA
4 35 (3.02%) Bitbucket
5 29 (2.50%) Subversion
6 22 (1.90%) Maven
7 21 (1.81%) Selenium
8 17 (1.47%) GitLab
8 17 (1.47%) Team Foundation Server
9 13 (1.12%) JUnit
9 13 (1.12%) TeamCity
10 12 (1.04%) Artifactory
10 12 (1.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 11 (0.95%) Cucumber
11 11 (0.95%) webpack
12 10 (0.86%) Metasploit
13 9 (0.78%) JMeter
13 9 (0.78%) Sonatype Nexus
14 8 (0.69%) Mercurial
14 8 (0.69%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 301 (25.99%) Finance
2 124 (10.71%) Banking
3 41 (3.54%) Front Office
4 38 (3.28%) Investment Banking
5 36 (3.11%) Telecoms
6 33 (2.85%) Back Office
7 28 (2.42%) Public Sector
8 23 (1.99%) Retail
9 19 (1.64%) Italian Language
10 16 (1.38%) Legal
11 15 (1.30%) Electronics
11 15 (1.30%) Marketing
12 14 (1.21%) Manufacturing
13 12 (1.04%) Financial Institution
14 10 (0.86%) Law
15 6 (0.52%) Aerospace
16 5 (0.43%) Games
17 4 (0.35%) Advertising
17 4 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
18 3 (0.26%) Billing
Job Titles
1 204 (17.62%) Developer
2 119 (10.28%) Analyst
3 94 (8.12%) DevOps Engineer
4 91 (7.86%) Administrator
5 73 (6.30%) Java Developer
6 72 (6.22%) Applications Support
6 72 (6.22%) Linux Engineer
7 64 (5.53%) Senior Developer
8 60 (5.18%) Software Engineer
9 57 (4.92%) Systems Administrator
10 56 (4.84%) Data Engineer
11 55 (4.75%) Consultant
12 44 (3.80%) Linux Administrator
13 43 (3.71%) Support Analyst
13 43 (3.71%) Support Engineer
14 42 (3.63%) Java Engineer
15 40 (3.45%) Infrastructure Engineer
16 39 (3.37%) Python Engineer
17 38 (3.28%) Systems Engineer
18 36 (3.11%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (5.79%) CSS
2 66 (5.70%) XML
3 63 (5.44%) HTML
4 46 (3.97%) Node.js
4 46 (3.97%) Spring
5 45 (3.89%) AngularJS
6 44 (3.80%) FIX Protocol
7 37 (3.20%) REST
8 36 (3.11%) RESTful
8 36 (3.11%) Web Services
9 35 (3.02%) .NET
9 35 (3.02%) React
10 33 (2.85%) HTML5
10 33 (2.85%) Middleware
11 26 (2.25%) LDAP
12 25 (2.16%) SAP Basis
13 21 (1.81%) jQuery
14 20 (1.73%) Apache Flex
15 18 (1.55%) SOAP
15 18 (1.55%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 101 (8.72%) Analytical Skills
2 58 (5.01%) Management Information System
3 48 (4.15%) Linux Command Line
4 47 (4.06%) Data Centre
5 46 (3.97%) Self-Motivation
6 28 (2.42%) SWIFT
7 27 (2.33%) Virtual Team
8 23 (1.99%) Derivative
8 23 (1.99%) Public Cloud
9 22 (1.90%) Fixed Income
10 20 (1.73%) User Experience
11 19 (1.64%) Algorithms
12 18 (1.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 17 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
13 17 (1.47%) Mobile App
14 16 (1.38%) Greenfield Project
15 15 (1.30%) Equities
15 15 (1.30%) PKI
16 14 (1.21%) Clustering
17 12 (1.04%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 775 (66.93%) Linux
2 334 (28.84%) Windows
3 98 (8.46%) Windows Server
4 91 (7.86%) Solaris
5 81 (6.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 67 (5.79%) AIX
7 42 (3.63%) CentOS
8 30 (2.59%) Windows 10
9 29 (2.50%) Windows Server 2008
10 25 (2.16%) Windows 7
11 23 (1.99%) Windows Server 2012
12 19 (1.64%) Windows Server 2003
13 16 (1.38%) Ubuntu
14 14 (1.21%) Android
14 14 (1.21%) Mac OS
15 11 (0.95%) Debian
15 11 (0.95%) HPUX
15 11 (0.95%) SUSE
16 10 (0.86%) Oracle Linux
17 9 (0.78%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 311 (26.86%) Agile Software Development
2 247 (21.33%) DevOps
3 134 (11.57%) Software Engineering
4 127 (10.97%) Problem-Solving
5 114 (9.84%) Mentoring
6 113 (9.76%) ITIL
6 113 (9.76%) Scrum
7 91 (7.86%) Analytics
8 82 (7.08%) Continuous Integration
9 81 (6.99%) Configuration Management
10 77 (6.65%) Test Automation
11 75 (6.48%) Cybersecurity
12 72 (6.22%) Information Security
13 69 (5.96%) Change Management
14 68 (5.87%) Computer Science
14 68 (5.87%) ETL
14 68 (5.87%) Open Source
15 65 (5.61%) TDD
16 64 (5.53%) Data Analytics
17 61 (5.27%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 380 (32.82%) Python
2 364 (31.43%) Java
3 349 (30.14%) SQL
4 179 (15.46%) Shell Script
5 168 (14.51%) JavaScript
6 125 (10.79%) Perl
7 121 (10.45%) Bash Shell
8 119 (10.28%) PL/SQL
9 102 (8.81%) C++
10 100 (8.64%) PowerShell
11 74 (6.39%) C
12 51 (4.40%) C#
13 50 (4.32%) Ruby
14 47 (4.06%) PHP
15 39 (3.37%) R
16 35 (3.02%) HiveQL
17 30 (2.59%) Go
18 27 (2.33%) Java 8
19 22 (1.90%) ABAP
20 21 (1.81%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 132 (11.40%) Degree
2 47 (4.06%) Security Cleared
3 44 (3.80%) Cisco Certification
4 34 (2.94%) Computer Science Degree
5 31 (2.68%) CISSP
6 29 (2.50%) CCNA
7 26 (2.25%) BPSS Clearance
8 24 (2.07%) SC Cleared
9 23 (1.99%) CISM
10 20 (1.73%) CCNP
11 17 (1.47%) DV Cleared
11 17 (1.47%) Microsoft Certification
12 14 (1.21%) Master's Degree
13 13 (1.12%) PMP
14 12 (1.04%) JNCIA
14 12 (1.04%) MCSA
15 11 (0.95%) CISA
16 10 (0.86%) MCSE
16 10 (0.86%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 9 (0.78%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 88 (7.60%) QA
2 68 (5.87%) SLA
3 40 (3.45%) GDPR
4 30 (2.59%) NIST
5 21 (1.81%) Data Quality
6 17 (1.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 16 (1.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 8 (0.69%) COBIT
8 8 (0.69%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.60%) NIST 800
10 4 (0.35%) FINRA
10 4 (0.35%) ISO 22301
11 1 (0.086%) Cyber Essentials
11 1 (0.086%) FedRAMP
11 1 (0.086%) HL7
11 1 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 134 (11.57%) Docker
2 103 (8.89%) Active Directory
3 97 (8.38%) VMware Infrastructure
4 45 (3.89%) HDFS
5 24 (2.07%) VMware ESXi
6 23 (1.99%) vSphere
7 22 (1.90%) Virtual Machines
8 18 (1.55%) Hyper-V
9 13 (1.12%) XenApp
10 10 (0.86%) NFS
10 10 (0.86%) XenDesktop
11 9 (0.78%) RHEV
12 8 (0.69%) Firmware
12 8 (0.69%) Squid
13 7 (0.60%) VMware NSX
14 6 (0.52%) Samba
15 5 (0.43%) vCloud
16 4 (0.35%) BitLocker
16 4 (0.35%) Oracle RAC
16 4 (0.35%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 148 (12.78%) Ansible
2 113 (9.76%) Kubernetes
3 98 (8.46%) Terraform
4 96 (8.29%) Puppet
5 40 (3.45%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (2.76%) Oracle RMAN
7 27 (2.33%) SCCM
8 26 (2.25%) Data Guard
9 17 (1.47%) Control-M
10 16 (1.38%) Red Hat Satellite
11 15 (1.30%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 14 (1.21%) CSIRT
12 14 (1.21%) Grafana
13 13 (1.12%) Hadoop YARN
13 13 (1.12%) SCOM
14 12 (1.04%) Microsoft Intune
14 12 (1.04%) Nessus
15 11 (0.95%) Nagios
16 10 (0.86%) Ambari
17 9 (0.78%) Salt
Vendors
1 337 (29.10%) Oracle
2 154 (13.30%) Microsoft
3 148 (12.78%) VMware
4 105 (9.07%) Red Hat
5 64 (5.53%) Cisco
6 61 (5.27%) Cloudera
6 61 (5.27%) Informatica
7 56 (4.84%) IBM
8 49 (4.23%) ServiceNow
9 42 (3.63%) Google
10 40 (3.45%) SAP
11 35 (3.02%) Talend
12 34 (2.94%) Splunk
13 31 (2.68%) Citrix
13 31 (2.68%) Sun
14 28 (2.42%) Remedy
15 27 (2.33%) Sybase
16 26 (2.25%) HP
17 20 (1.73%) EMC
18 19 (1.64%) Tableau