Period
to 14 December 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 14 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
14 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 691 621 780
Rank change year-on-year -70 +159 -119
Permanent jobs citing PKI 369 608 460
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.28% 0.38% 0.26%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.72% 0.96% 0.65%
Number of salaries quoted 257 522 340
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £56,250
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +2.22% +2.27%
10th Percentile £37,800 £40,000 £38,175
90th Percentile £94,250 £89,750 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £57,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -3.51% +14.00% -4.76%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 51,101 63,149 71,302
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.73% 39.64% 39.69%
Number of salaries quoted 38,966 48,151 53,558
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,405 £27,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 14 December 2019.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 13 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 14 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -59 357 £60,000 +4.35% 64
UK excluding London -39 224 £55,000 -3.51% 50
London -18 116 £75,000 +27.12% 24
South East -5 109 £70,000 +16.67% 9
South West +35 41 £46,500 -4.62% 13
North of England +2 28 £42,000 -20.00% 7
Midlands -1 27 £50,000 -13.04% 3
West Midlands +20 24 £50,000 -13.04% 2
East of England +37 18 £45,000 +12.50% 7
Yorkshire +23 14 £42,000 -
North West +3 14 £71,919 +15.07% 5
East Midlands -11 3 £40,500 -32.50% 1
Scotland +16 1 - - 9

For the 6 months to 14 December 2019, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 156 (42.28%) Microsoft
2 149 (40.38%) Active Directory
2 149 (40.38%) ITIL
3 135 (36.59%) Firewall
4 116 (31.44%) Windows
5 112 (30.35%) Azure
6 110 (29.81%) Cybersecurity
7 103 (27.91%) DNS
8 93 (25.20%) Linux
9 92 (24.93%) Degree
10 88 (23.85%) PowerShell
11 87 (23.58%) AWS
12 83 (22.49%) DHCP
12 83 (22.49%) VMware
13 75 (20.33%) DevOps
14 74 (20.05%) Windows Server
15 65 (17.62%) Security Cleared
16 64 (17.34%) Agile Software Development
17 63 (17.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
18 62 (16.80%) TOGAF
19 61 (16.53%) Finance
20 60 (16.26%) Python
20 60 (16.26%) Cisco
21 59 (15.99%) SIEM
22 58 (15.72%) Enterprise Architecture
23 52 (14.09%) Information Security
24 49 (13.28%) Security Testing
25 48 (13.01%) Cisco Certification
25 48 (13.01%) Microsoft Certification
25 48 (13.01%) SAN

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (8.67%) Confluence
2 29 (7.86%) SharePoint
3 27 (7.32%) MS Exchange
4 16 (4.34%) IIS
5 14 (3.79%) Skype for Business
6 13 (3.52%) Apache
7 7 (1.90%) CMS
8 6 (1.63%) Exchange Server 2010
8 6 (1.63%) nginx
9 4 (1.08%) Apache Solr
9 4 (1.08%) Mule
9 4 (1.08%) Mule ESB
9 4 (1.08%) Sitecore CMS
9 4 (1.08%) Tomcat
9 4 (1.08%) WebLogic Portal
10 3 (0.81%) Apache Spark
10 3 (0.81%) Elasticsearch
10 3 (0.81%) Ethereum
11 2 (0.54%) OpenStack
11 2 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 11 (2.98%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.63%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (0.81%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.54%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.27%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 112 (30.35%) Azure
2 87 (23.58%) AWS
3 41 (11.11%) Office 365
4 31 (8.40%) Azure Active Directory
5 26 (7.05%) AWS CloudFormation
6 23 (6.23%) OpenShift
7 22 (5.96%) Slack
8 17 (4.61%) GCP
9 15 (4.07%) SaaS
10 13 (3.52%) Cloud Computing
11 12 (3.25%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 11 (2.98%) IaaS
13 9 (2.44%) OneDrive
14 8 (2.17%) PaaS
15 7 (1.90%) Amazon EC2
16 5 (1.36%) Power Platform
17 4 (1.08%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 4 (1.08%) Amazon S3
17 4 (1.08%) Amazon SQS
18 1 (0.27%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 135 (36.59%) Firewall
2 103 (27.91%) DNS
3 83 (22.49%) DHCP
4 48 (13.01%) LAN
4 48 (13.01%) SAN
5 47 (12.74%) WAN
6 41 (11.11%) SSL
7 32 (8.67%) IPsec
8 31 (8.40%) VPN
9 29 (7.86%) Internet
10 24 (6.50%) Wireless
11 19 (5.15%) TCP/IP
12 18 (4.88%) 4G
12 18 (4.88%) Ethernet
12 18 (4.88%) Wi-Fi
13 17 (4.61%) SMTP
14 16 (4.34%) IMAP
15 14 (3.79%) 3G
15 14 (3.79%) Network Security
15 14 (3.79%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (6.50%) SQL Server
2 10 (2.71%) Amazon RDS
3 9 (2.44%) Big Data
4 6 (1.63%) Blockchain
4 6 (1.63%) MongoDB
5 5 (1.36%) MySQL
6 4 (1.08%) Endeca
6 4 (1.08%) Hadoop
6 4 (1.08%) Power BI
6 4 (1.08%) SQL Server 2012
7 3 (0.81%) PostgreSQL
7 3 (0.81%) SQL Server 2014
8 2 (0.54%) Azure SQL Database
8 2 (0.54%) Data Warehouse
8 2 (0.54%) Microsoft Analysis Services
8 2 (0.54%) NoSQL
8 2 (0.54%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 2 (0.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 2 (0.54%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 2 (0.54%) VoltDB
Development Applications
1 45 (12.20%) Jenkins
2 37 (10.03%) JIRA
3 26 (7.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 22 (5.96%) Bitbucket
5 21 (5.69%) GoCD
5 21 (5.69%) JMeter
5 21 (5.69%) Selenium
6 12 (3.25%) Git (software)
7 10 (2.71%) SonarQube
8 8 (2.17%) GitLab
8 8 (2.17%) Metasploit
8 8 (2.17%) Snyk
9 4 (1.08%) Bitbucket Server
9 4 (1.08%) Octopus Deploy
9 4 (1.08%) TeamCity
10 3 (0.81%) Robot Framework
10 3 (0.81%) Subversion
10 3 (0.81%) TestRail
11 2 (0.54%) Maven
12 1 (0.27%) Mercurial
General
1 61 (16.53%) Finance
2 33 (8.94%) Retail
3 29 (7.86%) Public Sector
4 17 (4.61%) Legal
5 13 (3.52%) Marketing
6 10 (2.71%) Banking
7 8 (2.17%) Law
7 8 (2.17%) Telecoms
8 6 (1.63%) Electronics
9 5 (1.36%) Automotive
10 4 (1.08%) Brand Awareness
11 3 (0.81%) Back Office
11 3 (0.81%) Billing
11 3 (0.81%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.54%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 82 (22.22%) Architect
2 67 (18.16%) Consultant
3 47 (12.74%) Security Consultant
4 38 (10.30%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 37 (10.03%) Security Architect
6 29 (7.86%) Cybersecurity Consultant
7 28 (7.59%) Security Engineer
8 26 (7.05%) Cloud Engineer
9 25 (6.78%) IT Architect
9 25 (6.78%) IT Security Architect
10 20 (5.42%) Technical Consultant
11 18 (4.88%) Administrator
11 18 (4.88%) Analyst
12 17 (4.61%) Solutions Architect
13 16 (4.34%) Infrastructure Architect
13 16 (4.34%) IT Consultant
13 16 (4.34%) Systems Administrator
14 15 (4.07%) IT Security Consultant
14 15 (4.07%) Wintel Administrator
14 15 (4.07%) Wintel Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (9.76%) OAuth
2 32 (8.67%) JSON
3 27 (7.32%) OAuth2
3 27 (7.32%) XACML
4 26 (7.05%) LDAP
5 23 (6.23%) OpenID
6 14 (3.79%) SAML
7 12 (3.25%) Kafka
8 11 (2.98%) XML
9 10 (2.71%) Web Services
10 7 (1.90%) REST
10 7 (1.90%) RESTful
11 6 (1.63%) CSS
11 6 (1.63%) HTML
12 5 (1.36%) Spring
13 4 (1.08%) AngularJS
13 4 (1.08%) Lucene
14 3 (0.81%) EJB
15 2 (0.54%) .NET
15 2 (0.54%) JDBC
Miscellaneous
1 46 (12.47%) Management Information System
2 44 (11.92%) Public Cloud
3 33 (8.94%) Hybrid Cloud
4 32 (8.67%) Data Centre
5 21 (5.69%) Clustering
6 17 (4.61%) Self-Motivation
7 16 (4.34%) Analytical Skills
8 14 (3.79%) Replication
9 12 (3.25%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 11 (2.98%) Virtual Team
11 10 (2.71%) Data Protection Act
11 10 (2.71%) Greenfield Project
12 7 (1.90%) Enterprise Cloud
13 6 (1.63%) Fat Client
13 6 (1.63%) Thin Client
13 6 (1.63%) User Experience
14 5 (1.36%) Enterprise Storage
15 4 (1.08%) Private Cloud
16 3 (0.81%) Algorithms
16 3 (0.81%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 116 (31.44%) Windows
2 93 (25.20%) Linux
3 74 (20.05%) Windows Server
4 32 (8.67%) Windows Server 2012
5 23 (6.23%) Unix
6 21 (5.69%) Windows Server 2008
7 14 (3.79%) Windows 10
8 10 (2.71%) CentOS
9 9 (2.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 8 (2.17%) Kali Linux
10 8 (2.17%) Solaris
11 7 (1.90%) VMS
12 6 (1.63%) Windows Server 2003
13 5 (1.36%) Mac OS
14 4 (1.08%) Windows 7
15 1 (0.27%) Android
15 1 (0.27%) FreeBSD
15 1 (0.27%) Mac OS X
15 1 (0.27%) Windows 8
15 1 (0.27%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 149 (40.38%) ITIL
2 110 (29.81%) Cybersecurity
3 75 (20.33%) DevOps
4 64 (17.34%) Agile Software Development
5 62 (16.80%) TOGAF
6 59 (15.99%) SIEM
7 58 (15.72%) Enterprise Architecture
8 52 (14.09%) Information Security
9 49 (13.28%) Security Testing
10 45 (12.20%) Identity Management
11 44 (11.92%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 44 (11.92%) Service Delivery
11 44 (11.92%) Vulnerability Management
12 42 (11.38%) Load Balancing
12 42 (11.38%) Threat Modelling
13 39 (10.57%) Computer Science
13 39 (10.57%) Cryptography
14 37 (10.03%) Migration
15 36 (9.76%) Security Architecture
16 35 (9.49%) Vulnerability Scanning
Programming Languages
1 88 (23.85%) PowerShell
2 60 (16.26%) Python
3 39 (10.57%) JavaScript
4 34 (9.21%) Bash Shell
5 31 (8.40%) Java
5 31 (8.40%) SQL
6 24 (6.50%) Ruby
7 17 (4.61%) C
7 17 (4.61%) C++
8 14 (3.79%) Go
9 11 (2.98%) PHP
10 7 (1.90%) PHP 5
10 7 (1.90%) PHP 7
11 4 (1.08%) Perl
12 3 (0.81%) VB
12 3 (0.81%) VBScript
13 2 (0.54%) C#
13 2 (0.54%) Korn
13 2 (0.54%) PL/SQL
13 2 (0.54%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 92 (24.93%) Degree
2 65 (17.62%) Security Cleared
3 48 (13.01%) Cisco Certification
3 48 (13.01%) Microsoft Certification
4 45 (12.20%) CISSP
5 38 (10.30%) MCSE
6 36 (9.76%) TOGAF Certification
7 29 (7.86%) CCNA
8 27 (7.32%) Master's Degree
9 20 (5.42%) SC Cleared
9 20 (5.42%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 17 (4.61%) Computer Science Degree
11 16 (4.34%) CCIE
11 16 (4.34%) CCNP
12 15 (4.07%) CREST Certified
13 13 (3.52%) CESG Certified Professional
13 13 (3.52%) DV Cleared
14 12 (3.25%) CISM
15 11 (2.98%) PhD
16 8 (2.17%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 63 (17.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 33 (8.94%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 22 (5.96%) PCI DSS
4 19 (5.15%) GDPR
5 18 (4.88%) NIST
5 18 (4.88%) SLA
6 17 (4.61%) COBIT
7 11 (2.98%) QA
7 11 (2.98%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.81%) ISO 26262
8 3 (0.81%) PSD2
9 2 (0.54%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.54%) JSP 440
9 2 (0.54%) NCSC
10 1 (0.27%) FedRAMP
10 1 (0.27%) RMADS
System Software
1 149 (40.38%) Active Directory
2 35 (9.49%) VMware Infrastructure
3 33 (8.94%) Hyper-V
4 28 (7.59%) Docker
5 25 (6.78%) XenApp
6 22 (5.96%) vSphere
7 10 (2.71%) BitLocker
8 9 (2.44%) VMware NSX
9 7 (1.90%) XenDesktop
10 6 (1.63%) VMware ESXi
11 5 (1.36%) Virtual Machines
12 4 (1.08%) Terminal Services
13 3 (0.81%) Forefront TMG
13 3 (0.81%) VMware Workstation
14 2 (0.54%) NFS
14 2 (0.54%) Squid
15 1 (0.27%) Firmware
15 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 1 (0.27%) ProxySG
15 1 (0.27%) RACF
Systems Management
1 41 (11.11%) Ansible
2 36 (9.76%) Kubernetes
2 36 (9.76%) SCCM
3 26 (7.05%) Puppet
4 24 (6.50%) Terraform
5 23 (6.23%) Nagios
6 22 (5.96%) ZABBIX
7 21 (5.69%) HP SiteScope
7 21 (5.69%) Packer
8 15 (4.07%) SolarWinds Orion
9 14 (3.79%) WSUS
10 13 (3.52%) SCOM
10 13 (3.52%) Single Sign-On
10 13 (3.52%) vRealize
11 11 (2.98%) Cisco Prime
12 10 (2.71%) Microsoft Clustering
13 9 (2.44%) McAfee ePO
13 9 (2.44%) Nessus
14 8 (2.17%) Nmap
14 8 (2.17%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 156 (42.28%) Microsoft
2 83 (22.49%) VMware
3 60 (16.26%) Cisco
4 38 (10.30%) Citrix
5 27 (7.32%) F5
6 23 (6.23%) Juniper
7 22 (5.96%) Palo Alto
8 21 (5.69%) Perforce
8 21 (5.69%) SaltStack
9 18 (4.88%) HP
9 18 (4.88%) SolarWinds
10 17 (4.61%) McAfee
11 16 (4.34%) Google
12 13 (3.52%) Barracuda Networks
12 13 (3.52%) Dell
13 12 (3.25%) Forcepoint
13 12 (3.25%) Qualys
14 11 (2.98%) NetApp
15 10 (2.71%) Red Hat
16 8 (2.17%) Sony