Period
to 20 July 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 20 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 638 791 679
Rank change year-on-year +153 -112 +218
Permanent jobs citing PKI 625 442 710
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.36% 0.25% 0.35%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.82% 0.57% 0.80%
Number of salaries quoted 480 331 524
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - -
10th Percentile £39,925 £36,250 £37,017
90th Percentile £86,250 £90,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +15.00% -4.76% +5.00%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 76,162 77,353 88,675
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.50% 43.63% 43.69%
Number of salaries quoted 58,861 60,265 72,069
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.01% -1.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £27,750 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,431 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 20 July 2018.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +130 548 £60,000 +9.09% 80
UK excluding London +99 365 £57,500 +15.00% 56
London +70 236 £65,000 +10.64% 31
South East -47 91 £60,000 - 18
North of England +57 87 £52,500 +26.51% 11
Midlands +32 58 £57,500 +15.00% 8
North West +50 56 £62,500 +31.58% 5
West Midlands +41 44 £57,500 +17.95% 4
East of England +29 43 £50,000 +6.38% 6
Scotland +15 40 £65,000 +68.83% 3
South West +24 34 £60,000 +50.00% 6
Yorkshire +41 29 £40,000 - 6
East Midlands +21 14 £37,500 -42.31% 4
Wales +18 12 £42,500 +28.64% 4
North East -27 2 £82,500 +96.43%
Northern Ireland - 2 £66,250 -

For the 6 months to 20 July 2018, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 246 (39.36%) Firewall
2 220 (35.20%) Active Directory
3 185 (29.60%) Network Security
4 177 (28.32%) SIEM
5 171 (27.36%) Windows
6 170 (27.20%) Microsoft
7 169 (27.04%) Microsoft Azure
8 163 (26.08%) Cybersecurity
9 156 (24.96%) DNS
10 129 (20.64%) DHCP
11 128 (20.48%) Data Loss Prevention
12 125 (20.00%) PowerShell
13 124 (19.84%) Security Operations
14 107 (17.12%) Information Security
15 102 (16.32%) Windows Server
16 99 (15.84%) CISSP
17 97 (15.52%) Vulnerability Management
17 97 (15.52%) Office 365
18 94 (15.04%) VMware
19 92 (14.72%) Security Operations Centre
20 90 (14.40%) Splunk
20 90 (14.40%) Finance
20 90 (14.40%) Agile Software Development
21 89 (14.24%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
22 88 (14.08%) Qualys
22 88 (14.08%) Cisco
22 88 (14.08%) ITIL
23 86 (13.76%) Hyper-V
24 84 (13.44%) QRadar
25 83 (13.28%) Threat Management

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (8.64%) IIS
2 41 (6.56%) MS Exchange
3 28 (4.48%) Apache
4 27 (4.32%) Tomcat
5 21 (3.36%) Exchange Server 2010
6 17 (2.72%) Exchange Server 2013
6 17 (2.72%) Skype for Business
7 14 (2.24%) CMS
8 13 (2.08%) SharePoint
9 12 (1.92%) Confluence
10 10 (1.60%) Apache Spark
10 10 (1.60%) Elasticsearch
11 8 (1.28%) Exchange Server 2007
12 4 (0.64%) OpenStack
12 4 (0.64%) WebSphere
13 3 (0.48%) JBoss
13 3 (0.48%) nginx
13 3 (0.48%) WebLogic
14 2 (0.32%) TPMS
15 1 (0.16%) Drupal
Applications
1 2 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.16%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.48%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.16%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 169 (27.04%) Microsoft Azure
2 97 (15.52%) Office 365
3 68 (10.88%) Amazon AWS
4 41 (6.56%) Azure Active Directory
5 36 (5.76%) IaaS
5 36 (5.76%) Mimecast
5 36 (5.76%) PaaS
6 31 (4.96%) Dynamics 365
7 19 (3.04%) Google Cloud Platform
8 16 (2.56%) Cloud Computing
9 8 (1.28%) SaaS
10 7 (1.12%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (0.96%) AWS CloudFormation
12 5 (0.80%) Amazon EC2
13 4 (0.64%) Amazon S3
13 4 (0.64%) Amazon SQS
14 3 (0.48%) Mailgun
14 3 (0.48%) OpenShift
15 1 (0.16%) Fastly
15 1 (0.16%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 246 (39.36%) Firewall
2 185 (29.60%) Network Security
3 156 (24.96%) DNS
4 129 (20.64%) DHCP
5 77 (12.32%) IPsec
6 73 (11.68%) VPN
7 39 (6.24%) Cisco ASA
8 37 (5.92%) BGP
9 36 (5.76%) OSPF
10 35 (5.60%) Cisco Nexus
11 34 (5.44%) FWSM
12 32 (5.12%) Kerberos
13 30 (4.80%) TCP/IP
14 28 (4.48%) Internet
15 27 (4.32%) DKIM
15 27 (4.32%) DMARC
16 24 (3.84%) Intrusion Detection
17 23 (3.68%) HTTP
17 23 (3.68%) WAN
18 22 (3.52%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 36 (5.76%) SQL Server
2 18 (2.88%) Big Data
3 16 (2.56%) Amazon RDS
4 15 (2.40%) MongoDB
5 11 (1.76%) Hadoop
6 10 (1.60%) Apache Accumulo
6 10 (1.60%) Apache Hive
6 10 (1.60%) Impala
6 10 (1.60%) Sqoop
7 8 (1.28%) PostgreSQL
7 8 (1.28%) SQL Server 2008
8 7 (1.12%) SQL Server 2012
9 6 (0.96%) SQL Server 2014
10 5 (0.80%) Oracle Database
10 5 (0.80%) Relational Database
10 5 (0.80%) SQL Server 2016
11 4 (0.64%) MySQL
11 4 (0.64%) RDBMS
12 3 (0.48%) GIS
12 3 (0.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 35 (5.60%) VSS/SourceSafe
2 20 (3.20%) JIRA
3 18 (2.88%) Fiddler
4 16 (2.56%) Jenkins
5 10 (1.60%) Git (software)
6 7 (1.12%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 7 (1.12%) Octopus Deploy
7 6 (0.96%) Bitbucket
8 4 (0.64%) Maven
8 4 (0.64%) Subversion
8 4 (0.64%) TeamCity
9 3 (0.48%) Ant
10 2 (0.32%) Artifactory
10 2 (0.32%) Gatling
10 2 (0.32%) GitLab
10 2 (0.32%) MSI
10 2 (0.32%) NeoLoad
10 2 (0.32%) Selenium
10 2 (0.32%) Sonatype Nexus
10 2 (0.32%) Trac
General
1 90 (14.40%) Finance
2 36 (5.76%) Banking
3 22 (3.52%) Investment Banking
4 17 (2.72%) Telecoms
5 13 (2.08%) Military
6 12 (1.92%) Financial Institution
6 12 (1.92%) Law
7 8 (1.28%) Pharmaceutical
7 8 (1.28%) Retail
8 7 (1.12%) Legal
9 5 (0.80%) Automotive
10 4 (0.64%) Back Office
11 3 (0.48%) Electronics
12 2 (0.32%) Local Government
12 2 (0.32%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.16%) Advertising
13 1 (0.16%) Italian Language
13 1 (0.16%) Marketing
13 1 (0.16%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 141 (22.56%) Consultant
2 110 (17.60%) Security Consultant
3 103 (16.48%) Architect
4 71 (11.36%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 69 (11.04%) Security Architect
6 59 (9.44%) IT Consultant
6 59 (9.44%) IT Security Consultant
7 55 (8.80%) Security Engineer
8 46 (7.36%) Azure Engineer
9 39 (6.24%) Cybersecurity Consultant
10 38 (6.08%) Active Directory Engineer
11 36 (5.76%) Analyst
12 34 (5.44%) Senior Consultant
12 34 (5.44%) Senior Security Consultant
13 33 (5.28%) Network Engineer
14 32 (5.12%) Senior IT Consultant
14 32 (5.12%) Senior IT Security Consultant
15 31 (4.96%) Senior Data Warehouse Specialist
16 25 (4.00%) Managing Consultant
17 24 (3.84%) Senior Network Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 60 (9.60%) LDAP
2 41 (6.56%) OpenID
3 38 (6.08%) SAML
4 34 (5.44%) OAuth
5 32 (5.12%) Web Services
6 21 (3.36%) HTML
6 21 (3.36%) REST
7 20 (3.20%) Servlets
7 20 (3.20%) XML
8 16 (2.56%) .NET
8 16 (2.56%) Middleware
9 15 (2.40%) Spring
10 14 (2.24%) Java EE
10 14 (2.24%) jQuery
11 13 (2.08%) Apache Camel
11 13 (2.08%) Hibernate
12 10 (1.60%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 9 (1.44%) .NET Core
13 9 (1.44%) ADSI
14 6 (0.96%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 92 (14.72%) Security Operations Centre
2 89 (14.24%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
3 79 (12.64%) Data Centre
4 68 (10.88%) Self-Motivation
5 53 (8.48%) Analytical Skills
6 51 (8.16%) Management Information System
7 43 (6.88%) Public Cloud
8 28 (4.48%) Enterprise Software
9 25 (4.00%) CESG
10 23 (3.68%) Computer Science
11 18 (2.88%) Clustering
11 18 (2.88%) Cyberthreat
12 13 (2.08%) Smart Meter
13 12 (1.92%) Cyber Defence
13 12 (1.92%) Fintech
13 12 (1.92%) Smartcard
14 9 (1.44%) Private Cloud
15 7 (1.12%) Enterprise Cloud
16 6 (0.96%) Cyberattack
17 4 (0.64%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 171 (27.36%) Windows
2 102 (16.32%) Windows Server
3 80 (12.80%) Windows Server 2012
4 78 (12.48%) Linux
5 64 (10.24%) Windows Server 2008
6 45 (7.20%) Windows 10
7 29 (4.64%) Unix
8 13 (2.08%) Solaris
9 6 (0.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 6 (0.96%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.80%) Windows Server 2003
11 4 (0.64%) Android
11 4 (0.64%) Apple iOS
11 4 (0.64%) CentOS
11 4 (0.64%) Debian
11 4 (0.64%) Windows 7
12 3 (0.48%) OpenBSD
13 2 (0.32%) Windows 8
14 1 (0.16%) CatOS
14 1 (0.16%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 177 (28.32%) SIEM
2 163 (26.08%) Cybersecurity
3 128 (20.48%) Data Loss Prevention
4 124 (19.84%) Security Operations
5 107 (17.12%) Information Security
6 97 (15.52%) Vulnerability Management
7 90 (14.40%) Agile Software Development
8 88 (14.08%) ITIL
9 83 (13.28%) Threat Management
10 78 (12.48%) Security Architecture
11 69 (11.04%) DevOps
11 69 (11.04%) Identity Management
12 67 (10.72%) Migration
13 66 (10.56%) Problem-Solving
14 63 (10.08%) Identity Access Management
15 61 (9.76%) Risk Management
16 60 (9.60%) Cryptography
17 57 (9.12%) Continuous Improvement
18 51 (8.16%) Load Balancing
19 50 (8.00%) Use Case
Programming Languages
1 125 (20.00%) PowerShell
2 56 (8.96%) SQL
3 52 (8.32%) Java
4 35 (5.60%) Python
5 34 (5.44%) C
6 25 (4.00%) C#
7 23 (3.68%) Shell Script
8 20 (3.20%) Bash Shell
9 19 (3.04%) Perl
10 15 (2.40%) JavaScript
11 14 (2.24%) C++
11 14 (2.24%) Ruby
12 12 (1.92%) PL/SQL
13 7 (1.12%) Go
14 3 (0.48%) T-SQL
14 3 (0.48%) VBScript
15 2 (0.32%) CLIST
15 2 (0.32%) Java 8
15 2 (0.32%) JCL
15 2 (0.32%) REXX
Qualifications
1 99 (15.84%) CISSP
2 74 (11.84%) CISM
3 71 (11.36%) Degree
3 71 (11.36%) Security Cleared
4 63 (10.08%) Cisco Certification
5 52 (8.32%) CCNP
6 38 (6.08%) Microsoft Certification
7 37 (5.92%) CESG Certified Professional
8 31 (4.96%) CISA
8 31 (4.96%) MCSE
8 31 (4.96%) SC Cleared
9 26 (4.16%) DV Cleared
9 26 (4.16%) MCSA
9 26 (4.16%) SANS
10 24 (3.84%) SSCP
11 23 (3.68%) CSSLP
11 23 (3.68%) GIAC
12 22 (3.52%) CompTIA Security+
13 18 (2.88%) Numerate Degree
14 16 (2.56%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (7.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 41 (6.56%) GDPR
3 32 (5.12%) PCI DSS
4 15 (2.40%) SLA
5 14 (2.24%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 11 (1.76%) COBIT
6 11 (1.76%) QA
7 10 (1.60%) FISMA
8 8 (1.28%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 6 (0.96%) Cyber Essentials
10 5 (0.80%) GAMP
11 3 (0.48%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 3 (0.48%) GPG13
12 2 (0.32%) ECSS
12 2 (0.32%) FIPS 140-2
12 2 (0.32%) ISAE 3402
12 2 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 1 (0.16%) Data Quality
System Software
1 220 (35.20%) Active Directory
2 86 (13.76%) Hyper-V
3 77 (12.32%) VMware Infrastructure
4 34 (5.44%) Docker
5 25 (4.00%) vSphere
6 15 (2.40%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
6 15 (2.40%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (1.92%) XenApp
8 10 (1.60%) Apache Flume
8 10 (1.60%) HDFS
9 7 (1.12%) BitLocker
9 7 (1.12%) Microsoft App-V
10 5 (0.80%) VMware NSX
10 5 (0.80%) XenDesktop
11 4 (0.64%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.48%) OpenDJ
12 3 (0.48%) OpenIDM
12 3 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
13 2 (0.32%) Job Entry Subsystem
13 2 (0.32%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 84 (13.44%) QRadar
2 28 (4.48%) Single Sign-On
3 26 (4.16%) Kubernetes
4 25 (4.00%) SCCM
5 24 (3.84%) McAfee ePO
6 17 (2.72%) WSUS
7 13 (2.08%) SCOM
8 11 (1.76%) SCOrch
9 10 (1.60%) Ansible
10 9 (1.44%) Docker Swarm
10 9 (1.44%) Opscode Chef
11 8 (1.28%) Consul
11 8 (1.28%) Norton AntiVirus
12 7 (1.12%) Microsoft Intune
13 6 (0.96%) Puppet
13 6 (0.96%) SCVMM
13 6 (0.96%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
14 5 (0.80%) Backup Exec
14 5 (0.80%) PowerCLI
14 5 (0.80%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 170 (27.20%) Microsoft
2 94 (15.04%) VMware
3 90 (14.40%) Splunk
4 88 (14.08%) Cisco
4 88 (14.08%) Qualys
5 52 (8.32%) Juniper
6 45 (7.20%) CheckPoint
6 45 (7.20%) McAfee
7 41 (6.56%) F5
8 39 (6.24%) Fortinet
9 27 (4.32%) Forcepoint
10 25 (4.00%) Oracle
11 19 (3.04%) Google
12 18 (2.88%) ForgeRock
13 17 (2.72%) CA
13 17 (2.72%) Citrix
13 17 (2.72%) Symantec
14 15 (2.40%) Trend Micro
15 12 (1.92%) Intel
16 11 (1.76%) HP