Period
to 21 February 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 21 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
21 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 672 634 790
Rank change year-on-year -38 +156 -109
Permanent jobs citing PKI 361 527 428
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.29% 0.35% 0.24%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.76% 0.88% 0.63%
Number of salaries quoted 256 462 298
UK median annual salary £65,000 £55,000 £54,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +18.18% +1.85% -5.26%
10th Percentile £35,250 £40,000 £37,000
90th Percentile £96,250 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £55,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year -4.55% +12.24% -6.67%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 47,642 59,951 68,124
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.51% 39.63% 38.64%
Number of salaries quoted 36,642 45,390 53,120
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +1.52%
10th Percentile £30,250 £29,500 £28,000
90th Percentile £92,975 £87,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,000 £45,000 £43,000
% change year-on-year +4.44% +4.65% +1.18%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 21 February 2020.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 21 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 342 £65,000 +18.18% 61
UK excluding London -17 200 £52,500 -4.55% 51
London +54 129 £80,000 +33.33% 19
South East +13 88 £57,500 -4.17% 15
South West +52 38 £36,250 -23.68% 4
Midlands +9 28 £50,000 -16.67% 5
North of England +1 24 £38,750 -24.76% 11
West Midlands +20 23 £50,000 -16.67% 5
East of England +40 15 £45,000 +12.50% 7
North West +24 13 £72,312 -3.58% 7
Scotland +38 7 £52,500 +110.00% 6
Yorkshire +18 6 £37,500 -10.71% 3
North East - 5 £35,000 - 1
East Midlands +13 3 - -

For the 6 months to 21 February 2020, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 143 (39.61%) Microsoft
1 143 (39.61%) Active Directory
2 126 (34.90%) Firewall
3 120 (33.24%) ITIL
4 107 (29.64%) Windows
5 101 (27.98%) Azure
6 99 (27.42%) Linux
7 95 (26.32%) DNS
8 93 (25.76%) Cybersecurity
9 87 (24.10%) Degree
10 86 (23.82%) AWS
11 70 (19.39%) Agile Software Development
12 67 (18.56%) PowerShell
13 65 (18.01%) DevOps
14 64 (17.73%) Finance
15 63 (17.45%) VMware
15 63 (17.45%) DHCP
16 62 (17.17%) Windows Server
17 60 (16.62%) Python
17 60 (16.62%) Java
18 53 (14.68%) Security Cleared
18 53 (14.68%) Computer Science
19 51 (14.13%) Cisco
20 50 (13.85%) SIEM
21 49 (13.57%) Microsoft Certification
21 49 (13.57%) Information Security
22 48 (13.30%) Management Information System
22 48 (13.30%) Load Balancing
22 48 (13.30%) Public Cloud
23 47 (13.02%) WAN

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (8.86%) Confluence
2 23 (6.37%) SharePoint
3 13 (3.60%) MS Exchange
4 11 (3.05%) Apache
5 10 (2.77%) Tomcat
6 9 (2.49%) IIS
7 8 (2.22%) Skype for Business
8 7 (1.94%) Elasticsearch
9 6 (1.66%) CMS
10 5 (1.39%) Apache Spark
11 4 (1.11%) Apache Solr
11 4 (1.11%) Mule
11 4 (1.11%) Mule ESB
11 4 (1.11%) Sitecore CMS
11 4 (1.11%) WebLogic Portal
12 3 (0.83%) nginx
12 3 (0.83%) OpenStack
13 2 (0.55%) JBoss
13 2 (0.55%) Oracle HTTP Server
13 2 (0.55%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 15 (4.16%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (2.77%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.83%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.28%) InVision
4 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.28%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 3 (0.83%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.55%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.28%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 101 (27.98%) Azure
2 86 (23.82%) AWS
3 36 (9.97%) Office 365
4 29 (8.03%) Azure Active Directory
5 25 (6.93%) GCP
6 20 (5.54%) OpenShift
7 19 (5.26%) Azure ExpressRoute
8 18 (4.99%) AWS CloudFormation
8 18 (4.99%) Slack
9 13 (3.60%) SaaS
10 9 (2.49%) Cloud Computing
10 9 (2.49%) IaaS
11 8 (2.22%) OneDrive
11 8 (2.22%) PaaS
12 6 (1.66%) Power Platform
13 3 (0.83%) Amazon EC2
14 2 (0.55%) Serverless
15 1 (0.28%) Mimecast
15 1 (0.28%) PowerApps
15 1 (0.28%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 126 (34.90%) Firewall
2 95 (26.32%) DNS
3 63 (17.45%) DHCP
4 47 (13.02%) WAN
5 45 (12.47%) SSL
6 42 (11.63%) LAN
7 38 (10.53%) SAN
8 35 (9.70%) IPsec
9 30 (8.31%) VPN
10 28 (7.76%) Wireless
11 26 (7.20%) 4G
11 26 (7.20%) Wi-Fi
12 25 (6.93%) Ethernet
13 23 (6.37%) TCP/IP
14 22 (6.09%) 3G
15 19 (5.26%) MPLS
16 18 (4.99%) ISDN
17 17 (4.71%) BGP
17 17 (4.71%) DDNS
17 17 (4.71%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (6.37%) SQL Server
2 15 (4.16%) MongoDB
3 12 (3.32%) Hadoop
4 11 (3.05%) Big Data
5 9 (2.49%) NoSQL
6 8 (2.22%) DB2
6 8 (2.22%) MySQL
7 7 (1.94%) PostgreSQL
8 6 (1.66%) Apache Hive
8 6 (1.66%) HBase
9 5 (1.39%) Power BI
10 4 (1.11%) Azure SQL Database
10 4 (1.11%) Endeca
11 3 (0.83%) Blockchain
11 3 (0.83%) Data Warehouse
11 3 (0.83%) Microsoft Analysis Services
11 3 (0.83%) SQL Server 2014
11 3 (0.83%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 3 (0.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 3 (0.83%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 38 (10.53%) JIRA
2 37 (10.25%) Jenkins
3 20 (5.54%) Bitbucket
4 18 (4.99%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 18 (4.99%) GoCD
4 18 (4.99%) JMeter
4 18 (4.99%) Selenium
5 13 (3.60%) SonarQube
6 11 (3.05%) Git (software)
6 11 (3.05%) GitLab
6 11 (3.05%) Metasploit
6 11 (3.05%) Snyk
7 5 (1.39%) Subversion
8 3 (0.83%) Maven
9 1 (0.28%) AppScan
9 1 (0.28%) Gradle
9 1 (0.28%) Mercurial
9 1 (0.28%) Xcode
General
1 64 (17.73%) Finance
2 29 (8.03%) Retail
3 25 (6.93%) Public Sector
4 14 (3.88%) Banking
5 11 (3.05%) Legal
6 10 (2.77%) Law
6 10 (2.77%) Marketing
7 7 (1.94%) Automotive
8 5 (1.39%) Back Office
8 5 (1.39%) French Language
9 4 (1.11%) Brand Awareness
9 4 (1.11%) Electronics
10 3 (0.83%) Telecoms
11 1 (0.28%) German Language
11 1 (0.28%) Korean Language
11 1 (0.28%) Police
Job Titles
1 71 (19.67%) Architect
2 53 (14.68%) Consultant
3 36 (9.97%) Security Consultant
4 32 (8.86%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 27 (7.48%) Security Engineer
6 24 (6.65%) Cloud Engineer
7 22 (6.09%) Developer
8 20 (5.54%) Cloud Architect
8 20 (5.54%) Windows Engineer
9 19 (5.26%) Cybersecurity Consultant
9 19 (5.26%) Security Architect
9 19 (5.26%) Solutions Architect
10 17 (4.71%) Network Engineer
10 17 (4.71%) Technical Consultant
11 16 (4.43%) Analyst
11 16 (4.43%) IT Consultant
12 15 (4.16%) IT Security Consultant
13 14 (3.88%) Administrator
13 14 (3.88%) Infrastructure Architect
13 14 (3.88%) IT Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 34 (9.42%) JSON
2 30 (8.31%) OAuth
3 21 (5.82%) Kafka
4 19 (5.26%) OpenID
5 17 (4.71%) OAuth2
5 17 (4.71%) REST
5 17 (4.71%) XACML
6 16 (4.43%) SAML
7 13 (3.60%) LDAP
7 13 (3.60%) XML
8 9 (2.49%) AngularJS
8 9 (2.49%) RESTful
9 8 (2.22%) Web Services
10 7 (1.94%) CSS
10 7 (1.94%) HTML
10 7 (1.94%) RabbitMQ
11 6 (1.66%) Node.js
11 6 (1.66%) Spring
12 4 (1.11%) Lucene
13 3 (0.83%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 48 (13.30%) Management Information System
1 48 (13.30%) Public Cloud
2 35 (9.70%) Hybrid Cloud
3 32 (8.86%) Data Centre
4 16 (4.43%) Clustering
5 15 (4.16%) Greenfield Project
6 12 (3.32%) Analytical Skills
6 12 (3.32%) Enterprise Cloud
7 11 (3.05%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 11 (3.05%) Fat Client
7 11 (3.05%) Thin Client
7 11 (3.05%) Virtual Team
8 10 (2.77%) Replication
8 10 (2.77%) Self-Motivation
9 7 (1.94%) Algorithms
10 6 (1.66%) Driving Licence
11 5 (1.39%) Cloud Native
12 4 (1.11%) iPad
12 4 (1.11%) Private Cloud
12 4 (1.11%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 107 (29.64%) Windows
2 99 (27.42%) Linux
3 62 (17.17%) Windows Server
4 41 (11.36%) Unix
5 29 (8.03%) Windows Server 2012
6 20 (5.54%) Windows Server 2008
7 15 (4.16%) Windows 10
8 11 (3.05%) Kali Linux
9 9 (2.49%) Solaris
10 7 (1.94%) Mac OS
10 7 (1.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 7 (1.94%) VMS
11 5 (1.39%) Android
11 5 (1.39%) CentOS
12 4 (1.11%) Apple iOS
13 1 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
13 1 (0.28%) FreeBSD
13 1 (0.28%) Windows 7
13 1 (0.28%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 120 (33.24%) ITIL
2 93 (25.76%) Cybersecurity
3 70 (19.39%) Agile Software Development
4 65 (18.01%) DevOps
5 53 (14.68%) Computer Science
6 50 (13.85%) SIEM
7 49 (13.57%) Information Security
8 48 (13.30%) Load Balancing
9 43 (11.91%) Security Testing
10 42 (11.63%) Vulnerability Management
11 39 (10.80%) TOGAF
12 38 (10.53%) Migration
13 37 (10.25%) Enterprise Architecture
13 37 (10.25%) Identity Management
13 37 (10.25%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 35 (9.70%) Cryptography
15 34 (9.42%) Threat Modelling
16 30 (8.31%) Infrastructure Management
16 30 (8.31%) Mentoring
16 30 (8.31%) Presales
Programming Languages
1 67 (18.56%) PowerShell
2 60 (16.62%) Java
2 60 (16.62%) Python
3 40 (11.08%) Bash Shell
4 39 (10.80%) C++
4 39 (10.80%) JavaScript
5 31 (8.59%) SQL
6 28 (7.76%) Go
7 23 (6.37%) C
8 19 (5.26%) Ruby
9 10 (2.77%) C#
10 8 (2.22%) Perl
11 6 (1.66%) AWK
11 6 (1.66%) Korn
11 6 (1.66%) sed
11 6 (1.66%) Shell Script
12 4 (1.11%) PHP
12 4 (1.11%) PHP 5
12 4 (1.11%) PHP 7
13 3 (0.83%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 87 (24.10%) Degree
2 53 (14.68%) Security Cleared
3 49 (13.57%) Microsoft Certification
4 38 (10.53%) Cisco Certification
5 37 (10.25%) CISSP
6 30 (8.31%) MCSE
7 28 (7.76%) Computer Science Degree
8 27 (7.48%) CCNA
9 24 (6.65%) SC Cleared
10 21 (5.82%) Master's Degree
11 14 (3.88%) CREST Certified
11 14 (3.88%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 12 (3.32%) CCNP
13 11 (3.05%) PhD
13 11 (3.05%) TOGAF Certification
14 10 (2.77%) DV Cleared
14 10 (2.77%) SANS
15 8 (2.22%) ITIL Certification
16 7 (1.94%) MCITP
16 7 (1.94%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (11.08%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 23 (6.37%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 20 (5.54%) SLA
4 13 (3.60%) QA
5 10 (2.77%) COBIT
5 10 (2.77%) PCI DSS
6 9 (2.49%) GDPR
6 9 (2.49%) NIST
7 4 (1.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.83%) ISO 26262
9 2 (0.55%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.55%) JSP 440
9 2 (0.55%) NCSC
10 1 (0.28%) RMADS
System Software
1 143 (39.61%) Active Directory
2 33 (9.14%) Docker
3 31 (8.59%) Hyper-V
4 23 (6.37%) XenApp
5 21 (5.82%) vSphere
6 20 (5.54%) VMware Infrastructure
7 13 (3.60%) BitLocker
8 10 (2.77%) VMware NSX
9 5 (1.39%) Firmware
10 3 (0.83%) Forefront TMG
10 3 (0.83%) Terminal Services
10 3 (0.83%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.83%) VMware Workstation
10 3 (0.83%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.28%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 1 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 1 (0.28%) LXC
11 1 (0.28%) OpenIDM
11 1 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
11 1 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 38 (10.53%) SCCM
2 36 (9.97%) Kubernetes
3 31 (8.59%) Ansible
4 28 (7.76%) Terraform
5 24 (6.65%) Puppet
6 21 (5.82%) SolarWinds Orion
7 20 (5.54%) Nagios
8 19 (5.26%) SCOM
9 18 (4.99%) HP SiteScope
9 18 (4.99%) Packer
9 18 (4.99%) ZABBIX
10 17 (4.71%) Cisco Prime
11 14 (3.88%) WSUS
12 13 (3.60%) Nessus
13 11 (3.05%) Nmap
13 11 (3.05%) Sysdig
14 10 (2.77%) Single Sign-On
15 9 (2.49%) McAfee ePO
16 7 (1.94%) Forefront Identity Manager
17 6 (1.66%) vRealize
Vendors
1 143 (39.61%) Microsoft
2 63 (17.45%) VMware
3 51 (14.13%) Cisco
4 33 (9.14%) Citrix
5 26 (7.20%) F5
5 26 (7.20%) Palo Alto
6 25 (6.93%) Google
7 24 (6.65%) SolarWinds
8 20 (5.54%) Juniper
9 18 (4.99%) Barracuda Networks
9 18 (4.99%) McAfee
9 18 (4.99%) Perforce
9 18 (4.99%) SaltStack
10 17 (4.71%) Forcepoint
11 16 (4.43%) Qualys
12 14 (3.88%) Splunk
13 13 (3.60%) Oracle
14 12 (3.32%) Dell
14 12 (3.32%) Veeam
15 10 (2.77%) NetApp