Period
to 25 May 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 25 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
25 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 644 689 777
Rank change year-on-year +45 +88 -50
Permanent jobs citing PKI 502 546 420
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.35% 0.31% 0.25%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.83% 0.77% 0.62%
Number of salaries quoted 378 409 303
UK median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £57,500
10th Percentile £38,600 £37,000 £36,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - -4.76% +5.00%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 60,347 70,482 67,952
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.59% 40.53% 40.19%
Number of salaries quoted 45,642 54,639 54,519
UK median annual salary £53,404 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.81% +3.09% -3.00%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,275
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 25 May 2019.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +69 464 £58,500 +1.74% 14
UK excluding London +71 325 £50,000 - 11
London +8 154 £65,000 +8.33% 3
South East +106 128 £60,000 +11.63% 3
North of England +31 77 £49,741 +10.54% 3
North West +40 58 £49,482 -14.69% 3
East of England +103 50 £38,750 -22.50% 1
South West +27 33 £50,000 -13.04% 4
Midlands +1 23 £60,000 +9.09%
West Midlands -3 20 £60,000 +4.35%
Yorkshire +3 19 £50,000 +33.33%
Scotland +6 16 £33,217 -48.90%
East Midlands +38 7 £60,000 +60.00%
Wales +8 2 £43,500 +2.35%

For the 6 months to 25 May 2019, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 206 (41.04%) Microsoft
2 205 (40.84%) Active Directory
3 192 (38.25%) Windows
4 191 (38.05%) Agile Software Development
5 161 (32.07%) Firewall
6 153 (30.48%) ITIL
7 146 (29.08%) DNS
8 140 (27.89%) Windows Server
9 138 (27.49%) VMware
10 134 (26.69%) Microsoft Azure
11 127 (25.30%) PowerShell
11 127 (25.30%) Linux
12 114 (22.71%) Windows Server 2012
13 113 (22.51%) DHCP
14 111 (22.11%) Hyper-V
15 109 (21.71%) DevOps
16 106 (21.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
17 98 (19.52%) Finance
18 93 (18.53%) SIEM
19 92 (18.33%) SQL
20 83 (16.53%) Cybersecurity
21 79 (15.74%) Information Security
21 79 (15.74%) Degree
22 76 (15.14%) CISSP
22 76 (15.14%) Office 365
23 73 (14.54%) Windows Server 2008
24 69 (13.75%) Problem-Solving
25 68 (13.55%) Management Information System
26 67 (13.35%) Migration
26 67 (13.35%) VMware Infrastructure

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (10.76%) MS Exchange
2 47 (9.36%) Elasticsearch
3 43 (8.57%) Apache
4 36 (7.17%) IIS
5 20 (3.98%) Tomcat
6 18 (3.59%) nginx
7 16 (3.19%) Confluence
7 16 (3.19%) SharePoint
8 12 (2.39%) Exchange Server 2013
8 12 (2.39%) WebLogic
9 11 (2.19%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 11 (2.19%) Exchange Server 2007
10 7 (1.39%) Anypoint
10 7 (1.39%) Mule
10 7 (1.39%) WebSphere
11 6 (1.20%) Exchange Server 2010
12 5 (1.00%) JBoss
12 5 (1.00%) Oracle HTTP Server
12 5 (1.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 4 (0.80%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 6 (1.20%) Microsoft Excel
1 6 (1.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 6 (1.20%) MS Visio
2 5 (1.00%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (1.00%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.20%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 134 (26.69%) Microsoft Azure
2 76 (15.14%) Office 365
3 63 (12.55%) Amazon AWS
4 55 (10.96%) PaaS
5 51 (10.16%) IaaS
6 29 (5.78%) Dynamics 365
6 29 (5.78%) SaaS
7 22 (4.38%) Cloud Computing
8 16 (3.19%) Google Cloud Platform
9 15 (2.99%) Azure Active Directory
10 14 (2.79%) AWS CloudFormation
11 13 (2.59%) OpenShift
12 8 (1.59%) Slack
13 4 (0.80%) Amazon EC2
13 4 (0.80%) Azure ExpressRoute
14 2 (0.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 2 (0.40%) Amazon S3
14 2 (0.40%) Amazon SQS
14 2 (0.40%) Mimecast
14 2 (0.40%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 161 (32.07%) Firewall
2 146 (29.08%) DNS
3 113 (22.51%) DHCP
4 57 (11.35%) Network Security
5 49 (9.76%) WAN
6 47 (9.36%) SSL
7 44 (8.76%) HTTP
8 42 (8.37%) LAN
9 41 (8.17%) TCP/IP
10 40 (7.97%) VPN
11 29 (5.78%) IPsec
11 29 (5.78%) SAN
12 25 (4.98%) SNMP
13 22 (4.38%) Internet
14 21 (4.18%) BGP
14 21 (4.18%) OSPF
14 21 (4.18%) Wireless
15 20 (3.98%) Skype
16 15 (2.99%) iSCSI
16 15 (2.99%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (10.76%) SQL Server
2 36 (7.17%) MongoDB
3 34 (6.77%) PostgreSQL
4 28 (5.58%) MySQL
5 25 (4.98%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 20 (3.98%) SQL Server 2012
7 17 (3.39%) NoSQL
8 15 (2.99%) Big Data
9 12 (2.39%) VoltDB
10 11 (2.19%) Azure SQL Database
10 11 (2.19%) Redis
11 10 (1.99%) Amazon RDS
12 8 (1.59%) Hadoop
12 8 (1.59%) Relational Database
13 7 (1.39%) Oracle Database
13 7 (1.39%) Oracle Database 11g
14 5 (1.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 2 (0.40%) Apache Hive
15 2 (0.40%) Power BI
15 2 (0.40%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 31 (6.18%) Jenkins
2 28 (5.58%) Git (software)
3 13 (2.59%) GitLab
4 12 (2.39%) JIRA
5 11 (2.19%) Mercurial
6 9 (1.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 8 (1.59%) Bitbucket
7 8 (1.59%) JMeter
7 8 (1.59%) Selenium
8 6 (1.20%) Appcelerator Titanium
8 6 (1.20%) GoCD
8 6 (1.20%) Metasploit
8 6 (1.20%) VSS/SourceSafe
9 5 (1.00%) Subversion
10 4 (0.80%) Gradle
10 4 (0.80%) Visual Studio Team System
11 3 (0.60%) Snyk
11 3 (0.60%) SonarQube
12 2 (0.40%) Bitbucket Server
12 2 (0.40%) Burp Suite
General
1 98 (19.52%) Finance
2 36 (7.17%) Retail
3 11 (2.19%) Telecoms
4 8 (1.59%) Banking
5 5 (1.00%) Front Office
6 4 (0.80%) Advertising
6 4 (0.80%) Games
6 4 (0.80%) Law
7 3 (0.60%) Marketing
8 2 (0.40%) Electronics
8 2 (0.40%) Legal
8 2 (0.40%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.20%) Billing
Job Titles
1 92 (18.33%) Architect
2 65 (12.95%) Analyst
3 58 (11.55%) Consultant
4 45 (8.96%) Developer
5 42 (8.37%) Security Consultant
6 39 (7.77%) Security Architect
6 39 (7.77%) Security Engineer
7 37 (7.37%) Infrastructure Specialist
8 35 (6.97%) Cybersecurity Consultant
9 34 (6.77%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 25 (4.98%) Windows Infrastructure Specialist
10 25 (4.98%) Windows Specialist
11 24 (4.78%) Administrator
12 22 (4.38%) Linux Engineer
13 20 (3.98%) Network Engineer
14 19 (3.78%) Security Manager
14 19 (3.78%) SQL Analyst
14 19 (3.78%) Systems Administrator
15 18 (3.59%) Network Security Engineer
15 18 (3.59%) SQL Server Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (8.37%) JSON
2 38 (7.57%) LDAP
3 33 (6.57%) RabbitMQ
4 29 (5.78%) Web Services
5 25 (4.98%) REST
6 20 (3.98%) OAuth
6 20 (3.98%) SAML
7 18 (3.59%) RESTful
7 18 (3.59%) XML
8 17 (3.39%) Elastic Stack
9 16 (3.19%) SOAP
10 15 (2.99%) Spring
11 14 (2.79%) .NET
12 12 (2.39%) JDBC
12 12 (2.39%) OpenID
12 12 (2.39%) SailPoint
13 11 (2.19%) J2EE
13 11 (2.19%) LAMP
14 10 (1.99%) Guava
14 10 (1.99%) HTML
Miscellaneous
1 68 (13.55%) Management Information System
2 63 (12.55%) Analytical Skills
3 52 (10.36%) Self-Motivation
4 43 (8.57%) Data Centre
5 39 (7.77%) Clustering
6 38 (7.57%) Hybrid Cloud
7 26 (5.18%) Public Cloud
8 25 (4.98%) Greenfield Project
9 24 (4.78%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 21 (4.18%) NHS
11 15 (2.99%) Data Protection Act
12 14 (2.79%) Fintech
13 11 (2.19%) Smart Meter
14 9 (1.79%) CESG
15 8 (1.59%) Cloud Native
15 8 (1.59%) Driving Licence
15 8 (1.59%) Enterprise Cloud
15 8 (1.59%) Private Cloud
15 8 (1.59%) Replication
16 7 (1.39%) Algorithms
Operating Systems
1 192 (38.25%) Windows
2 140 (27.89%) Windows Server
3 127 (25.30%) Linux
4 114 (22.71%) Windows Server 2012
5 73 (14.54%) Windows Server 2008
6 40 (7.97%) Windows 10
7 27 (5.38%) CentOS
8 24 (4.78%) Unix
9 13 (2.59%) Solaris
10 11 (2.19%) Android
10 11 (2.19%) Apple iOS
11 9 (1.79%) FreeBSD
12 8 (1.59%) Kali Linux
12 8 (1.59%) Windows Server 2003
13 6 (1.20%) Mac OS
14 5 (1.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 4 (0.80%) AIX
15 4 (0.80%) Ubuntu
16 2 (0.40%) Windows 7
17 1 (0.20%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 191 (38.05%) Agile Software Development
2 153 (30.48%) ITIL
3 109 (21.71%) DevOps
4 93 (18.53%) SIEM
5 83 (16.53%) Cybersecurity
6 79 (15.74%) Information Security
7 69 (13.75%) Problem-Solving
8 67 (13.35%) Migration
9 66 (13.15%) TOGAF
10 64 (12.75%) Identity Management
11 61 (12.15%) Service Delivery
12 54 (10.76%) Cryptography
12 54 (10.76%) SABSA
13 53 (10.56%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 52 (10.36%) Scrum
15 46 (9.16%) Risk Management
15 46 (9.16%) Test Automation
16 44 (8.76%) Information Assurance
16 44 (8.76%) Vulnerability Scanning
17 43 (8.57%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 127 (25.30%) PowerShell
2 92 (18.33%) SQL
3 64 (12.75%) Java
4 57 (11.35%) Python
5 47 (9.36%) JavaScript
6 37 (7.37%) Bash Shell
7 29 (5.78%) Go
8 20 (3.98%) PHP
8 20 (3.98%) T-SQL
9 19 (3.78%) C++
9 19 (3.78%) Ruby
10 18 (3.59%) PHP 5
10 18 (3.59%) PHP 7
11 16 (3.19%) C
12 12 (2.39%) PL/SQL
13 11 (2.19%) Java 8
14 10 (1.99%) C#
15 7 (1.39%) Apex Code
16 6 (1.20%) Perl
17 3 (0.60%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 79 (15.74%) Degree
2 76 (15.14%) CISSP
3 67 (13.35%) Security Cleared
4 53 (10.56%) CISM
5 40 (7.97%) Microsoft Certification
6 34 (6.77%) Master's Degree
7 33 (6.57%) SC Cleared
8 29 (5.78%) CESG Certified Professional
8 29 (5.78%) Cisco Certification
9 28 (5.58%) CREST Certified
10 23 (4.58%) CEH
11 22 (4.38%) TOGAF Certification
12 19 (3.78%) Computer Science Degree
13 18 (3.59%) CISA
13 18 (3.59%) GIAC
14 16 (3.19%) MCSE
15 15 (2.99%) CCNP
16 13 (2.59%) CCNA
17 12 (2.39%) MCSA
17 12 (2.39%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 106 (21.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 39 (7.77%) GDPR
3 36 (7.17%) PCI DSS
4 35 (6.97%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 12 (2.39%) Cyber Essentials
5 12 (2.39%) ISO/IEC 27005
6 8 (1.59%) ISO 22301
6 8 (1.59%) ISO 9001
7 7 (1.39%) SLA
8 4 (0.80%) ISO 31000
8 4 (0.80%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 4 (0.80%) QA
9 3 (0.60%) ISAE 3402
10 2 (0.40%) COBIT
10 2 (0.40%) RMADS
10 2 (0.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 205 (40.84%) Active Directory
2 111 (22.11%) Hyper-V
3 67 (13.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (4.78%) Docker
5 23 (4.58%) XenApp
6 7 (1.39%) Tivoli Directory Server
6 7 (1.39%) vSphere
7 6 (1.20%) Virtual Servers
8 5 (1.00%) XenDesktop
9 4 (0.80%) VMware NSX
10 3 (0.60%) Microsoft App-V
10 3 (0.60%) Virtual Desktop
10 3 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
11 2 (0.40%) VMware ESXi
12 1 (0.20%) BitLocker
12 1 (0.20%) NFS
12 1 (0.20%) Terminal Services
12 1 (0.20%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 59 (11.75%) SCCM
2 52 (10.36%) Ansible
3 37 (7.37%) Kubernetes
4 31 (6.18%) Nagios
5 25 (4.98%) Puppet
6 24 (4.78%) Terraform
7 20 (3.98%) SCOM
8 17 (3.39%) Prometheus
9 16 (3.19%) HAProxy
9 16 (3.19%) yum
10 14 (2.79%) Opscode Chef
11 13 (2.59%) Cisco CUCM
11 13 (2.59%) Nessus
12 11 (2.19%) Kibana
12 11 (2.19%) logstash
12 11 (2.19%) Microsoft Intune
12 11 (2.19%) Rsyslog
13 10 (1.99%) Single Sign-On
14 9 (1.79%) Host Intrusion Detection System
14 9 (1.79%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 206 (41.04%) Microsoft
2 138 (27.49%) VMware
3 45 (8.96%) Cisco
4 36 (7.17%) Citrix
5 28 (5.58%) Oracle
6 26 (5.18%) McAfee
7 22 (4.38%) CA
7 22 (4.38%) IBM
7 22 (4.38%) Splunk
8 18 (3.59%) Qualys
9 17 (3.39%) Trend Micro
10 16 (3.19%) Google
11 14 (2.79%) Salesforce.com
12 13 (2.59%) Red Hat
13 12 (2.39%) Fortinet
14 11 (2.19%) Sybase
15 10 (1.99%) EMC
15 10 (1.99%) F5
16 9 (1.79%) CheckPoint
16 9 (1.79%) Symantec