Period
to 29 October 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 29 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
29 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 484 690 610
Rank change year-on-year +206 -80 +174
Permanent jobs citing PKI 207 404 662
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.42% 0.29% 0.40%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.09% 0.75% 1.02%
Number of salaries quoted 185 307 568
Median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £59,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +1.69% +2.61%
10th Percentile £39,250 £37,800 £42,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,500 £85,375
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% -13.04% +15.00%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 18,957 53,596 65,149
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.11% 38.91% 39.54%
Number of salaries quoted 15,268 40,581 49,852
Median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.52% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £85,225
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +5.88%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 29 October 2020.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 29 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +181 182 £60,000 - 38
UK excluding London +194 147 £52,500 +5.00% 33
South East +156 51 £52,500 -25.00% 9
London +215 50 £80,000 +6.67% 9
North of England +153 35 £53,500 +25.88% 12
Work from Home +44 35 £80,000 +6.67% 9
North West +140 33 £53,500 +13.25% 6
South West +109 30 £67,500 +35.00% 6
Scotland +112 18 £52,500 +58.05% 4
Midlands +123 6 £50,000 +11.11% 1
West Midlands +108 5 £50,000 -
Wales +51 4 £42,500 +1.19% 1
East of England +97 3 £50,000 +17.65%
Yorkshire +105 2 £75,000 +78.57% 6
East Midlands +79 1 £50,000 +21.95% 1

For the 6 months to 29 October 2020, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 100 (48.31%) Microsoft
2 94 (45.41%) Windows
3 74 (35.75%) Active Directory
4 68 (32.85%) Linux
5 58 (28.02%) PowerShell
6 53 (25.60%) Azure
7 47 (22.71%) Firewall
7 47 (22.71%) VMware
8 46 (22.22%) DNS
8 46 (22.22%) Security Cleared
9 43 (20.77%) Cybersecurity
10 41 (19.81%) AWS
11 38 (18.36%) Problem-Solving
12 37 (17.87%) SQL
13 35 (16.91%) GDPR
14 34 (16.43%) Information Security
15 33 (15.94%) SCCM
16 32 (15.46%) Windows Server
17 31 (14.98%) VMware Infrastructure
17 31 (14.98%) Finance
18 30 (14.49%) Legal
18 30 (14.49%) VPN
18 30 (14.49%) Office 365
19 29 (14.01%) Windows Server 2012
19 29 (14.01%) Analytical Skills
19 29 (14.01%) SCOM
19 29 (14.01%) SSL
19 29 (14.01%) DHCP
20 27 (13.04%) SC Cleared
21 26 (12.56%) Bash Shell

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (12.08%) IIS
2 18 (8.70%) Tomcat
3 14 (6.76%) Elasticsearch
4 12 (5.80%) SharePoint
5 11 (5.31%) Apache
6 6 (2.90%) MS Exchange
7 5 (2.42%) JBoss
7 5 (2.42%) nginx
7 5 (2.42%) WebLogic
8 4 (1.93%) Confluence
8 4 (1.93%) Skype for Business
9 1 (0.48%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.48%) Apache Spark
9 1 (0.48%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 15 (7.25%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.97%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.48%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (1.45%) Q-Pulse
2 1 (0.48%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 53 (25.60%) Azure
2 41 (19.81%) AWS
3 30 (14.49%) Office 365
4 19 (9.18%) IaaS
5 17 (8.21%) SaaS
6 16 (7.73%) PaaS
7 10 (4.83%) Azure Active Directory
7 10 (4.83%) GCP
8 7 (3.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 4 (1.93%) Cloud Computing
10 3 (1.45%) AWS CloudFormation
10 3 (1.45%) Serverless
11 2 (0.97%) Amazon EC2
11 2 (0.97%) IBM Cloud
11 2 (0.97%) OneDrive
12 1 (0.48%) Akamai
12 1 (0.48%) Amazon ELB
12 1 (0.48%) Amazon S3
12 1 (0.48%) AWS CloudTrail
12 1 (0.48%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 47 (22.71%) Firewall
2 46 (22.22%) DNS
3 30 (14.49%) VPN
4 29 (14.01%) DHCP
4 29 (14.01%) SSL
5 22 (10.63%) Network Security
6 15 (7.25%) IPsec
7 12 (5.80%) WAN
8 10 (4.83%) LAN
8 10 (4.83%) TCP/IP
9 9 (4.35%) Internet
9 9 (4.35%) VLAN
10 7 (3.38%) SAN
11 6 (2.90%) Cisco Firepower
11 6 (2.90%) NAS
11 6 (2.90%) Unified Communications
12 5 (2.42%) Remote Desktop
12 5 (2.42%) Skype
12 5 (2.42%) Wireshark
12 5 (2.42%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (9.66%) Big Data
2 19 (9.18%) SQL Server
3 13 (6.28%) MongoDB
4 11 (5.31%) PostgreSQL
5 6 (2.90%) Oracle Database
5 6 (2.90%) SQL Server 2012
6 5 (2.42%) Hadoop
7 4 (1.93%) Oracle Database 11g
8 2 (0.97%) Amazon RDS
8 2 (0.97%) Apache Accumulo
8 2 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
8 2 (0.97%) MySQL
8 2 (0.97%) Neo4j
8 2 (0.97%) NoSQL
8 2 (0.97%) Tableau
9 1 (0.48%) Blockchain
9 1 (0.48%) Data Lake
9 1 (0.48%) Relational Database
9 1 (0.48%) SQL Server 2016
9 1 (0.48%) SQL Server 2019
Development Applications
1 11 (5.31%) JIRA
2 9 (4.35%) Burp Suite
3 8 (3.86%) Git (software)
4 7 (3.38%) Jenkins
4 7 (3.38%) Subversion
5 6 (2.90%) Metasploit
5 6 (2.90%) Team Foundation Server
6 4 (1.93%) Oracle APEX
7 2 (0.97%) Artifactory
7 2 (0.97%) Bitbucket
7 2 (0.97%) GitLab
7 2 (0.97%) Gradle
7 2 (0.97%) IntelliJ
7 2 (0.97%) Snyk
7 2 (0.97%) VSS/SourceSafe
8 1 (0.48%) SpecFlow
8 1 (0.48%) Visual Studio
General
1 31 (14.98%) Finance
2 30 (14.49%) Legal
3 6 (2.90%) Public Sector
4 5 (2.42%) Banking
4 5 (2.42%) Law
4 5 (2.42%) Retail
5 4 (1.93%) Manufacturing
5 4 (1.93%) Military
6 3 (1.45%) Aerospace
6 3 (1.45%) Back Office
7 2 (0.97%) German Language
7 2 (0.97%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.48%) Automotive
8 1 (0.48%) Electronics
8 1 (0.48%) French Language
8 1 (0.48%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.48%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 23 (11.11%) Architect
2 19 (9.18%) Network Engineer
2 19 (9.18%) Security Engineer
3 16 (7.73%) Systems Engineer
4 14 (6.76%) 3rd Line Engineer
4 14 (6.76%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 13 (6.28%) Analyst
5 13 (6.28%) Solutions Architect
5 13 (6.28%) Tester
6 11 (5.31%) Cloud Architect
6 11 (5.31%) Penetration Tester
6 11 (5.31%) Support Engineer
7 10 (4.83%) Cloud Engineer
7 10 (4.83%) Cryptography Engineer
8 9 (4.35%) 3rd Line Support
8 9 (4.35%) Platform Engineer
8 9 (4.35%) Security Architect
9 8 (3.86%) Cloud Solutions Architect
10 7 (3.38%) 3rd Line Infrastructure Engineer
10 7 (3.38%) NOC Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (6.28%) REST
2 11 (5.31%) Web Services
3 10 (4.83%) .NET
3 10 (4.83%) RabbitMQ
4 5 (2.42%) .NET Framework
4 5 (2.42%) JSON
4 5 (2.42%) Kafka
4 5 (2.42%) Middleware
4 5 (2.42%) XML
5 4 (1.93%) OAuth
5 4 (1.93%) YAML
6 3 (1.45%) LDAP
6 3 (1.45%) OAuth2
7 2 (0.97%) Apache NiFi
7 2 (0.97%) OpenID
7 2 (0.97%) SOAP
8 1 (0.48%) 802.1X
8 1 (0.48%) ASP.NET Web API
8 1 (0.48%) Java SE
8 1 (0.48%) XACML
Miscellaneous
1 29 (14.01%) Analytical Skills
2 24 (11.59%) Data Centre
3 19 (9.18%) Management Information System
4 14 (6.76%) Public Cloud
5 12 (5.80%) Algorithms
6 10 (4.83%) Cloud Native
6 10 (4.83%) Replication
7 9 (4.35%) Cyberattack
7 9 (4.35%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 7 (3.38%) Mobile App
8 7 (3.38%) NHS
9 5 (2.42%) Self-Motivation
10 4 (1.93%) Clustering
10 4 (1.93%) Fat Client
10 4 (1.93%) Life Science
10 4 (1.93%) Linux Command Line
10 4 (1.93%) Thin Client
11 3 (1.45%) Hybrid Cloud
12 2 (0.97%) Enterprise Software
12 2 (0.97%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 94 (45.41%) Windows
2 68 (32.85%) Linux
3 32 (15.46%) Windows Server
4 29 (14.01%) Windows Server 2012
5 18 (8.70%) Windows Server 2016
6 17 (8.21%) Solaris
7 14 (6.76%) Windows 10
8 12 (5.80%) Unix
9 8 (3.86%) Kali Linux
9 8 (3.86%) VMS
10 7 (3.38%) CentOS
10 7 (3.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 7 (3.38%) Windows 7
10 7 (3.38%) Windows Server 2019
11 6 (2.90%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (2.42%) Apple iOS
12 5 (2.42%) Mac OS
12 5 (2.42%) Windows Server 2003
12 5 (2.42%) Windows XP
13 4 (1.93%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 43 (20.77%) Cybersecurity
2 38 (18.36%) Problem-Solving
3 34 (16.43%) Information Security
4 26 (12.56%) Agile Software Development
4 26 (12.56%) Project Delivery
5 24 (11.59%) Cryptography
5 24 (11.59%) DevSecOps
5 24 (11.59%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 23 (11.11%) IT Strategy
6 23 (11.11%) Security Architecture
7 22 (10.63%) ITIL
8 18 (8.70%) Analytics
8 18 (8.70%) DevOps
8 18 (8.70%) Microservices
8 18 (8.70%) Penetration Testing
8 18 (8.70%) Scaled Agile Framework
8 18 (8.70%) Security Operations
8 18 (8.70%) Security Testing
9 17 (8.21%) SIEM
10 16 (7.73%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 58 (28.02%) PowerShell
2 37 (17.87%) SQL
3 26 (12.56%) Bash Shell
4 25 (12.08%) Perl
5 23 (11.11%) Java
6 19 (9.18%) Python
7 15 (7.25%) C++
8 13 (6.28%) C
9 10 (4.83%) T-SQL
10 4 (1.93%) PL/SQL
11 3 (1.45%) C#
11 3 (1.45%) Go
11 3 (1.45%) JavaScript
11 3 (1.45%) Shell Script
12 2 (0.97%) Apex Code
12 2 (0.97%) Ruby
12 2 (0.97%) VB
Qualifications
1 46 (22.22%) Security Cleared
2 27 (13.04%) SC Cleared
3 22 (10.63%) DV Cleared
4 20 (9.66%) Degree
5 19 (9.18%) CISSP
6 16 (7.73%) Microsoft Certification
7 13 (6.28%) Cisco Certification
8 12 (5.80%) CEH
9 8 (3.86%) CREST Certified
10 7 (3.38%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 7 (3.38%) DBS Check
10 7 (3.38%) OSCE
10 7 (3.38%) SANS
11 6 (2.90%) MCP
12 5 (2.42%) CCNP
12 5 (2.42%) CEPT
12 5 (2.42%) EC-Council LPT
12 5 (2.42%) GXPN
13 4 (1.93%) CISM
13 4 (1.93%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (16.91%) GDPR
2 22 (10.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 14 (6.76%) NIST
4 10 (4.83%) NCSC
5 9 (4.35%) PCI DSS
6 8 (3.86%) NIST 800
7 5 (2.42%) SLA
8 4 (1.93%) Cyber Essentials
8 4 (1.93%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.97%) COBIT
9 2 (0.97%) QA
9 2 (0.97%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.48%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.48%) ISO 26262
10 1 (0.48%) ISO 8583
10 1 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 74 (35.75%) Active Directory
2 31 (14.98%) VMware Infrastructure
3 26 (12.56%) Docker
4 15 (7.25%) Hyper-V
5 11 (5.31%) Virtual Desktop
6 6 (2.90%) VMware ESXi
6 6 (2.90%) vSphere
7 3 (1.45%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.97%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.97%) VMware NSX
8 2 (0.97%) XenApp
8 2 (0.97%) XenDesktop
9 1 (0.48%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
9 1 (0.48%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.48%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 1 (0.48%) NFS
Systems Management
1 33 (15.94%) SCCM
2 29 (14.01%) SCOM
3 23 (11.11%) Terraform
4 17 (8.21%) SCOrch
5 14 (6.76%) Microsoft Intune
6 11 (5.31%) Kubernetes
7 9 (4.35%) Ansible
8 8 (3.86%) Single Sign-On
9 4 (1.93%) AirWatch
9 4 (1.93%) McAfee ePO
9 4 (1.93%) vRealize
10 3 (1.45%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 3 (1.45%) Opscode Chef
10 3 (1.45%) Puppet
10 3 (1.45%) WSUS
11 2 (0.97%) Failover Clustering
11 2 (0.97%) HP Fortify
11 2 (0.97%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
11 2 (0.97%) Nessus
12 1 (0.48%) Icinga
Vendors
1 100 (48.31%) Microsoft
2 47 (22.71%) VMware
3 17 (8.21%) Cisco
4 16 (7.73%) Google
5 14 (6.76%) Gemalto
6 13 (6.28%) Veeam
7 9 (4.35%) Juniper
7 9 (4.35%) Red Hat
7 9 (4.35%) SolarWinds
8 8 (3.86%) Citrix
8 8 (3.86%) Palo Alto
9 7 (3.38%) BeyondTrust
9 7 (3.38%) IBM
9 7 (3.38%) McAfee
10 6 (2.90%) EMC
10 6 (2.90%) Oracle
11 5 (2.42%) Fortinet
12 4 (1.93%) MobileIron
12 4 (1.93%) Splunk
13 3 (1.45%) Salesforce.com