Period
to 23 September 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 671 603 794
Rank change year-on-year -68 +191 -111
Permanent jobs citing PKI 435 681 437
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.31% 0.41% 0.25%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.80% 1.05% 0.62%
Number of salaries quoted 296 562 333
UK median annual salary £57,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.17% +9.09% -4.35%
10th Percentile £37,375 £42,500 £36,350
90th Percentile £86,250 £86,250 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £57,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -13.04% +15.00% -4.76%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 54,415 65,136 70,885
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.87% 39.40% 40.35%
Number of salaries quoted 40,829 49,847 52,744
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £29,500 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -69 404 £57,500 -2.54% 54
UK excluding London -55 294 £50,000 -13.04% 42
London -34 121 £72,000 +20.00% 13
South East +10 106 £70,000 +16.67% 11
North of England +3 67 £42,500 -22.73% 10
North West +25 53 £42,500 -29.17% 2
East of England +71 47 £38,750 -22.50% 10
South West +22 41 £53,750 -10.42% 7
Scotland -10 15 £33,217 -48.90% 1
Midlands -12 14 £41,000 -28.70% 3
Yorkshire -19 14 £42,000 -6.67% 7
West Midlands -2 8 £42,500 -26.09% 2
East Midlands +9 6 £41,000 -8.89% 1
Wales 0 4 £42,000 -1.18%

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 207 (47.59%) Microsoft
2 184 (42.30%) ITIL
3 173 (39.77%) Windows
4 169 (38.85%) Active Directory
5 133 (30.57%) Firewall
5 133 (30.57%) VMware
6 132 (30.34%) Linux
7 126 (28.97%) Azure
8 121 (27.82%) DNS
9 112 (25.75%) PowerShell
10 103 (23.68%) Windows Server
11 102 (23.45%) Cybersecurity
12 99 (22.76%) DevOps
13 95 (21.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 92 (21.15%) AWS
15 90 (20.69%) Agile Software Development
15 90 (20.69%) DHCP
16 82 (18.85%) Degree
17 74 (17.01%) SIEM
18 71 (16.32%) SQL
19 70 (16.09%) Finance
20 68 (15.63%) Information Security
21 67 (15.40%) SCCM
21 67 (15.40%) Problem-Solving
22 66 (15.17%) LAN
23 65 (14.94%) WAN
23 65 (14.94%) SSL
23 65 (14.94%) VMware Infrastructure
24 64 (14.71%) Security Cleared
24 64 (14.71%) Windows Server 2012

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (12.87%) MS Exchange
2 46 (10.57%) IIS
3 41 (9.43%) Apache
4 39 (8.97%) Confluence
5 33 (7.59%) SharePoint
6 19 (4.37%) Exchange Server 2010
6 19 (4.37%) Tomcat
7 17 (3.91%) Exchange Server 2013
7 17 (3.91%) nginx
8 15 (3.45%) Elasticsearch
9 11 (2.53%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 11 (2.53%) Exchange Server 2007
10 10 (2.30%) Skype for Business
11 4 (0.92%) Ethereum
12 3 (0.69%) JBoss
12 3 (0.69%) Oracle HTTP Server
12 3 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.69%) WebLogic
13 1 (0.23%) CMS
13 1 (0.23%) SAS
Applications
1 8 (1.84%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 3 (0.69%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 3 (0.69%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.23%) Elite 3E
2 1 (0.23%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 126 (28.97%) Azure
2 92 (21.15%) AWS
3 48 (11.03%) Office 365
4 36 (8.28%) AWS CloudFormation
5 31 (7.13%) SaaS
6 28 (6.44%) Cloud Computing
7 26 (5.98%) OpenShift
8 24 (5.52%) Slack
9 23 (5.29%) Azure Active Directory
10 22 (5.06%) IaaS
11 17 (3.91%) GCP
11 17 (3.91%) PaaS
12 11 (2.53%) Amazon EC2
13 8 (1.84%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 8 (1.84%) Amazon S3
13 8 (1.84%) Amazon SQS
14 5 (1.15%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 4 (0.92%) Power Platform
16 2 (0.46%) Azure Stack
16 2 (0.46%) OpenDNS
Communications & Networking
1 133 (30.57%) Firewall
2 121 (27.82%) DNS
3 90 (20.69%) DHCP
4 66 (15.17%) LAN
5 65 (14.94%) SSL
5 65 (14.94%) WAN
6 52 (11.95%) SAN
7 40 (9.20%) Network Security
8 39 (8.97%) VPN
9 36 (8.28%) HTTP
10 35 (8.05%) IPsec
10 35 (8.05%) TCP/IP
11 29 (6.67%) Internet
11 29 (6.67%) Wireless
12 20 (4.60%) SNMP
13 19 (4.37%) Skype
14 17 (3.91%) Wi-Fi
15 15 (3.45%) BGP
15 15 (3.45%) OSPF
15 15 (3.45%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (11.95%) SQL Server
2 23 (5.29%) Amazon RDS
3 20 (4.60%) SQL Server 2012
4 19 (4.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 11 (2.53%) Azure SQL Database
5 11 (2.53%) Redis
6 8 (1.84%) Big Data
6 8 (1.84%) VoltDB
7 5 (1.15%) Blockchain
7 5 (1.15%) MySQL
8 4 (0.92%) MongoDB
9 3 (0.69%) PostgreSQL
9 3 (0.69%) Power BI
10 1 (0.23%) Apache Hive
10 1 (0.23%) Data Warehouse
10 1 (0.23%) Hadoop
10 1 (0.23%) RDBMS
10 1 (0.23%) Relational Database
10 1 (0.23%) SQL Server 2008
10 1 (0.23%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 58 (13.33%) Jenkins
2 40 (9.20%) JIRA
3 31 (7.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 29 (6.67%) Git (software)
5 23 (5.29%) Bitbucket
5 23 (5.29%) JMeter
5 23 (5.29%) Selenium
6 21 (4.83%) GoCD
7 14 (3.22%) GitLab
8 11 (2.53%) Mercurial
9 8 (1.84%) Bitbucket Server
9 8 (1.84%) Octopus Deploy
9 8 (1.84%) TeamCity
10 5 (1.15%) Metasploit
10 5 (1.15%) Snyk
10 5 (1.15%) SonarQube
10 5 (1.15%) Subversion
11 3 (0.69%) Robot Framework
11 3 (0.69%) TestRail
12 2 (0.46%) Burp Suite
General
1 70 (16.09%) Finance
2 38 (8.74%) Retail
3 18 (4.14%) Public Sector
4 16 (3.68%) Telecoms
5 13 (2.99%) Banking
6 10 (2.30%) Marketing
7 9 (2.07%) Legal
8 7 (1.61%) Electronics
8 7 (1.61%) Manufacturing
9 6 (1.38%) Advertising
10 5 (1.15%) Fire and Rescue
10 5 (1.15%) Police
11 4 (0.92%) Billing
12 2 (0.46%) Aerospace
12 2 (0.46%) Brand Awareness
Job Titles
1 70 (16.09%) Architect
2 66 (15.17%) Consultant
3 54 (12.41%) Analyst
4 43 (9.89%) Administrator
5 42 (9.66%) Security Consultant
6 40 (9.20%) Systems Administrator
7 38 (8.74%) Security Architect
8 34 (7.82%) Cybersecurity Consultant
9 31 (7.13%) Security Engineer
10 26 (5.98%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 25 (5.75%) Linux Engineer
12 23 (5.29%) Wintel Administrator
12 23 (5.29%) Wintel Systems Administrator
13 22 (5.06%) IT Architect
14 21 (4.83%) IT Security Architect
14 21 (4.83%) Security Analyst
15 19 (4.37%) SQL Analyst
15 19 (4.37%) SQL Server Analyst
15 19 (4.37%) Systems Engineer
16 17 (3.91%) Windows Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (8.28%) JSON
2 32 (7.36%) LDAP
3 25 (5.75%) OAuth
4 17 (3.91%) OpenID
4 17 (3.91%) Web Services
5 15 (3.45%) OAuth2
6 13 (2.99%) SAML
6 13 (2.99%) XACML
6 13 (2.99%) XML
7 11 (2.53%) Elastic Stack
8 9 (2.07%) 802.1X
8 9 (2.07%) Spring
9 8 (1.84%) JDBC
10 6 (1.38%) Guava
11 5 (1.15%) REST
12 4 (0.92%) .NET
12 4 (0.92%) Java EE
12 4 (0.92%) Kafka
12 4 (0.92%) Middleware
12 4 (0.92%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 61 (14.02%) Analytical Skills
2 50 (11.49%) Management Information System
3 44 (10.11%) Self-Motivation
4 42 (9.66%) Data Centre
5 41 (9.43%) Hybrid Cloud
6 39 (8.97%) Public Cloud
7 27 (6.21%) Clustering
8 22 (5.06%) Replication
9 21 (4.83%) Data Protection Act
10 16 (3.68%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 10 (2.30%) Greenfield Project
12 9 (2.07%) Enterprise Cloud
13 7 (1.61%) Cyberthreat
13 7 (1.61%) Fat Client
13 7 (1.61%) Thin Client
14 6 (1.38%) Cloud Native
14 6 (1.38%) User Experience
15 5 (1.15%) Enterprise Storage
15 5 (1.15%) NHS
15 5 (1.15%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 173 (39.77%) Windows
2 132 (30.34%) Linux
3 103 (23.68%) Windows Server
4 64 (14.71%) Windows Server 2012
5 31 (7.13%) Windows Server 2008
6 28 (6.44%) Unix
7 25 (5.75%) CentOS
8 20 (4.60%) Windows Server 2003
9 13 (2.99%) Solaris
10 11 (2.53%) Mac OS
11 7 (1.61%) Kali Linux
11 7 (1.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 6 (1.38%) Windows 10
13 4 (0.92%) Windows 7
14 2 (0.46%) Ubuntu
15 1 (0.23%) Android
15 1 (0.23%) Mac OS X
15 1 (0.23%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 184 (42.30%) ITIL
2 102 (23.45%) Cybersecurity
3 99 (22.76%) DevOps
4 90 (20.69%) Agile Software Development
5 74 (17.01%) SIEM
6 68 (15.63%) Information Security
7 67 (15.40%) Problem-Solving
8 63 (14.48%) TOGAF
9 56 (12.87%) Service Delivery
10 54 (12.41%) Enterprise Architecture
11 52 (11.95%) Migration
12 50 (11.49%) Cryptography
12 50 (11.49%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 50 (11.49%) Vulnerability Management
13 49 (11.26%) Identity Management
14 48 (11.03%) Load Balancing
15 42 (9.66%) Data Protection
15 42 (9.66%) Test Automation
16 40 (9.20%) Workflow
17 39 (8.97%) SABSA
Programming Languages
1 112 (25.75%) PowerShell
2 71 (16.32%) SQL
3 57 (13.10%) Python
4 48 (11.03%) Bash Shell
5 34 (7.82%) JavaScript
6 25 (5.75%) Java
6 25 (5.75%) Ruby
7 23 (5.29%) PHP
8 19 (4.37%) PHP 5
8 19 (4.37%) PHP 7
8 19 (4.37%) T-SQL
9 12 (2.76%) C
10 11 (2.53%) C++
11 8 (1.84%) PL/SQL
12 7 (1.61%) Go
13 6 (1.38%) Java 8
14 5 (1.15%) Perl
14 5 (1.15%) Shell Script
15 4 (0.92%) VB
16 3 (0.69%) C#
Qualifications
1 82 (18.85%) Degree
2 64 (14.71%) Security Cleared
3 52 (11.95%) Microsoft Certification
4 42 (9.66%) CISSP
5 39 (8.97%) Cisco Certification
6 34 (7.82%) TOGAF Certification
7 33 (7.59%) Master's Degree
7 33 (7.59%) MCSE
8 27 (6.21%) CISM
9 22 (5.06%) CCNA
10 20 (4.60%) CCNP
11 18 (4.14%) SC Cleared
12 17 (3.91%) CESG Certified Professional
13 14 (3.22%) CREST Certified
14 12 (2.76%) CCIE
14 12 (2.76%) CEH
14 12 (2.76%) ITIL Certification
15 10 (2.30%) GIAC
15 10 (2.30%) MCSA
15 10 (2.30%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 95 (21.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 43 (9.89%) PCI DSS
3 39 (8.97%) GDPR
4 35 (8.05%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 13 (2.99%) NIST
5 13 (2.99%) QA
5 13 (2.99%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 10 (2.30%) COBIT
7 9 (2.07%) SLA
8 8 (1.84%) ISO 22301
8 8 (1.84%) ISO 9001
9 5 (1.15%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 3 (0.69%) Cyber Essentials
10 3 (0.69%) ISAE 3402
10 3 (0.69%) PSD2
11 1 (0.23%) FedRAMP
11 1 (0.23%) ISO 31000
11 1 (0.23%) NCSC
System Software
1 169 (38.85%) Active Directory
2 65 (14.94%) VMware Infrastructure
3 59 (13.56%) Hyper-V
4 35 (8.05%) Docker
5 30 (6.90%) XenApp
6 9 (2.07%) XenDesktop
7 8 (1.84%) Virtual Machines
8 7 (1.61%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (1.15%) vSphere
10 4 (0.92%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.69%) Microsoft App-V
11 3 (0.69%) NFS
11 3 (0.69%) Virtual Desktop
11 3 (0.69%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.46%) Terminal Services
13 1 (0.23%) Firmware
13 1 (0.23%) Lustre
13 1 (0.23%) ProxySG
13 1 (0.23%) Squid
13 1 (0.23%) Xen
Systems Management
1 67 (15.40%) SCCM
2 57 (13.10%) Ansible
3 49 (11.26%) Kubernetes
4 40 (9.20%) Terraform
5 34 (7.82%) Nagios
6 26 (5.98%) Puppet
7 24 (5.52%) SCOM
7 24 (5.52%) ZABBIX
8 23 (5.29%) HP SiteScope
8 23 (5.29%) Packer
9 17 (3.91%) HAProxy
9 17 (3.91%) yum
10 16 (3.68%) Microsoft Intune
11 15 (3.45%) Cisco CUCM
12 11 (2.53%) Forefront Identity Manager
12 11 (2.53%) Kibana
12 11 (2.53%) logstash
12 11 (2.53%) Prometheus
12 11 (2.53%) Rsyslog
13 10 (2.30%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 207 (47.59%) Microsoft
2 133 (30.57%) VMware
3 62 (14.25%) Cisco
4 47 (10.80%) Citrix
5 23 (5.29%) Perforce
5 23 (5.29%) SaltStack
6 17 (3.91%) F5
6 17 (3.91%) Juniper
7 16 (3.68%) Red Hat
8 15 (3.45%) CommVault
9 14 (3.22%) McAfee
9 14 (3.22%) Oracle
9 14 (3.22%) Splunk
9 14 (3.22%) Trend Micro
10 13 (2.99%) Qualys
11 12 (2.76%) Atlassian
11 12 (2.76%) HP
11 12 (2.76%) IBM
11 12 (2.76%) Palo Alto
12 11 (2.53%) Symantec