Period
to 20 October 2017

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 20 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 768 645 898
Rank change year-on-year -123 +253 -111
Permanent jobs citing PKI 446 682 434
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.26% 0.36% 0.20%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.59% 0.87% 0.48%
Number of salaries quoted 345 494 310
UK median annual salary £56,000 £57,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -2.61% - +9.52%
10th Percentile £37,000 £36,250 £36,250
90th Percentile £88,750 £80,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 75372 78335 91307
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.26% 41.03% 41.62%
Number of salaries quoted 56578 64226 73065
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £26,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 20 October 2017.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -116 413 £57,500 - 32
UK excluding London -127 253 £50,000 -4.76% 25
London +36 176 £60,000 -7.69% 11
South East -49 129 £60,000 +9.09% 10
North of England -23 50 £47,500 +18.75% 3
North West -13 39 £49,000 +4.81% 3
East of England -8 25 £47,000 -19.66% 4
Midlands +2 23 £69,713 +18.66%
West Midlands -16 19 £50,000 -16.67%
Scotland 0 13 £43,000 -14.00% 3
Yorkshire +12 12 £73,750 +94.08%
South West -31 10 £47,500 -13.64% 4
East Midlands +39 4 £75,000 +87.50%
Wales - 4 £33,038 - 1
North East +13 1 £75,000 +96.08%

For the 6 months to 20 October 2017, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 167 (37.44%) Active Directory
2 157 (35.20%) Microsoft
3 156 (34.98%) Windows
4 140 (31.39%) Firewall
5 113 (25.34%) DNS
5 113 (25.34%) Cisco
6 110 (24.66%) Linux
6 110 (24.66%) Security Cleared
7 92 (20.63%) ITIL
8 86 (19.28%) SIEM
9 85 (19.06%) Finance
10 84 (18.83%) DHCP
10 84 (18.83%) Microsoft Azure
10 84 (18.83%) Amazon AWS
11 82 (18.39%) CISSP
12 81 (18.16%) SC Cleared
13 78 (17.49%) VMware
14 76 (17.04%) IaaS
15 73 (16.37%) Identity Management
15 73 (16.37%) Information Security
16 72 (16.14%) Cisco Certification
17 71 (15.92%) Agile Software Development
18 69 (15.47%) Degree
18 69 (15.47%) Windows Server
19 68 (15.25%) Hyper-V
20 67 (15.02%) WAN
21 65 (14.57%) Office 365
21 65 (14.57%) DevOps
22 64 (14.35%) PaaS
23 63 (14.13%) PowerShell

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (6.50%) Skype for Business
2 23 (5.16%) IIS
3 22 (4.93%) SharePoint
4 18 (4.04%) MS Exchange
5 16 (3.59%) Apache Spark
6 15 (3.36%) Apache
7 13 (2.91%) WebSphere
8 12 (2.69%) Apache Pig
8 12 (2.69%) WebLogic
9 9 (2.02%) Tomcat
10 8 (1.79%) Confluence
11 7 (1.57%) Elasticsearch
11 7 (1.57%) Liferay
11 7 (1.57%) WebLogic Portal
12 5 (1.12%) Exchange Server 2013
12 5 (1.12%) SharePoint 2013
13 4 (0.90%) Exchange Server 2010
14 3 (0.67%) JBoss
14 3 (0.67%) Office Communications Server
14 3 (0.67%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 16 (3.59%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.22%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 2 (0.45%) R3 Corda
1 2 (0.45%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 84 (18.83%) Amazon AWS
1 84 (18.83%) Microsoft Azure
2 76 (17.04%) IaaS
3 65 (14.57%) Office 365
4 64 (14.35%) PaaS
5 47 (10.54%) SaaS
6 31 (6.95%) AWS CloudFormation
7 25 (5.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 19 (4.26%) Azure Active Directory
9 10 (2.24%) Amazon S3
10 9 (2.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 9 (2.02%) Amazon EC2
10 9 (2.02%) G Suite
11 6 (1.35%) Amazon SQS
11 6 (1.35%) OneDrive
12 5 (1.12%) Google Cloud Platform
13 4 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
13 4 (0.90%) Cloudflare
14 1 (0.22%) Amazon ELB
14 1 (0.22%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 140 (31.39%) Firewall
2 113 (25.34%) DNS
3 84 (18.83%) DHCP
4 67 (15.02%) WAN
5 58 (13.00%) Network Security
6 55 (12.33%) SSL
7 54 (12.11%) LAN
8 51 (11.43%) SAN
9 50 (11.21%) TCP/IP
10 48 (10.76%) IPsec
11 44 (9.87%) VPN
12 41 (9.19%) LDAP
13 38 (8.52%) Cisco Nexus
14 33 (7.40%) BGP
14 33 (7.40%) OSPF
15 31 (6.95%) Wireless
16 30 (6.73%) Kerberos
16 30 (6.73%) Wi-Fi
17 26 (5.83%) Cisco IOS
18 25 (5.61%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (10.09%) SQL Server
2 31 (6.95%) NoSQL
3 27 (6.05%) MongoDB
4 25 (5.61%) Relational Database
5 22 (4.93%) Big Data
5 22 (4.93%) Hadoop
5 22 (4.93%) MySQL
6 21 (4.71%) RDBMS
7 16 (3.59%) Apache Hive
8 15 (3.36%) PostgreSQL
9 13 (2.91%) Amazon RDS
10 7 (1.57%) Oracle Database
11 6 (1.35%) Apache Cassandra
12 5 (1.12%) Redis
12 5 (1.12%) Sqoop
13 4 (0.90%) BusinessObjects
13 4 (0.90%) Oracle Database 11g
13 4 (0.90%) SQL Server 2014
14 3 (0.67%) Ingres
14 3 (0.67%) InterSystems Cache
Development Applications
1 26 (5.83%) Git (software)
2 17 (3.81%) Jenkins
3 12 (2.69%) JIRA
3 12 (2.69%) Maven
4 11 (2.47%) TeamCity
5 10 (2.24%) Ant
5 10 (2.24%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 7 (1.57%) MSI
6 7 (1.57%) Octopus Deploy
7 6 (1.35%) Grunt
7 6 (1.35%) webpack
8 4 (0.90%) Bitbucket
8 4 (0.90%) Metasploit
9 2 (0.45%) Cucumber
9 2 (0.45%) Jasmine
9 2 (0.45%) Selenium
9 2 (0.45%) Subversion
9 2 (0.45%) Visual Studio
10 1 (0.22%) Vagrant
10 1 (0.22%) WiX
General
1 85 (19.06%) Finance
2 30 (6.73%) Banking
3 18 (4.04%) Law
3 18 (4.04%) Telecoms
4 14 (3.14%) Marketing
5 11 (2.47%) Retail
6 9 (2.02%) Investment Banking
7 8 (1.79%) Legal
8 4 (0.90%) Electronics
9 2 (0.45%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.22%) Billing
10 1 (0.22%) Games
Job Titles
1 79 (17.71%) Architect
2 72 (16.14%) Analyst
3 57 (12.78%) Security Engineer
4 41 (9.19%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 38 (8.52%) Consultant
5 38 (8.52%) Network Engineer
5 38 (8.52%) Security Analyst
6 35 (7.85%) Security Architect
7 25 (5.61%) Security Consultant
7 25 (5.61%) Software Engineer
8 21 (4.71%) Senior Network Engineer
9 20 (4.48%) Cloud Architect
9 20 (4.48%) Network Analyst
9 20 (4.48%) Network Security Analyst
10 18 (4.04%) Developer
10 18 (4.04%) DevOps Engineer
10 18 (4.04%) Infrastructure Architect
11 17 (3.81%) Support Engineer
12 16 (3.59%) Cloud Engineer
13 15 (3.36%) Infrastructure Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (10.31%) SAML
2 27 (6.05%) OAuth
3 25 (5.61%) JSON
4 22 (4.93%) Middleware
4 22 (4.93%) XML
5 20 (4.48%) XMPP
6 19 (4.26%) REST
6 19 (4.26%) Web Services
7 18 (4.04%) HTML
8 17 (3.81%) AngularJS
8 17 (3.81%) Node.js
9 16 (3.59%) CSS
10 14 (3.14%) RESTful
11 12 (2.69%) 802.1X
11 12 (2.69%) SOAP
11 12 (2.69%) Spring
12 11 (2.47%) Java EE
12 11 (2.47%) OpenID
13 10 (2.24%) HTML5
14 9 (2.02%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 52 (11.66%) Computer Science
2 50 (11.21%) Management Information System
3 49 (10.99%) Data Centre
4 42 (9.42%) Analytical Skills
5 28 (6.28%) Security Operations Centre
6 21 (4.71%) Smart Meter
7 18 (4.04%) Algorithms
7 18 (4.04%) CESG
8 16 (3.59%) Hybrid Cloud
9 15 (3.36%) BYOD
9 15 (3.36%) Fintech
9 15 (3.36%) Public Cloud
10 13 (2.91%) Enterprise Storage
10 13 (2.91%) Private Cloud
11 12 (2.69%) Cyberthreat
11 12 (2.69%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 12 (2.69%) Greenfield Project
12 11 (2.47%) Clustering
12 11 (2.47%) Linux Command Line
13 10 (2.24%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 156 (34.98%) Windows
2 110 (24.66%) Linux
3 69 (15.47%) Windows Server
4 58 (13.00%) Unix
5 47 (10.54%) Windows Server 2012
6 24 (5.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (4.93%) Windows 10
8 18 (4.04%) CentOS
9 17 (3.81%) AIX
9 17 (3.81%) Ubuntu
10 14 (3.14%) Windows Server 2008
11 13 (2.91%) Debian
12 11 (2.47%) Mac OS X
13 10 (2.24%) Android
13 10 (2.24%) Apple iOS
14 9 (2.02%) Kali Linux
14 9 (2.02%) Solaris
15 6 (1.35%) Windows 7
16 3 (0.67%) Data ONTAP
17 2 (0.45%) Check Point GAiA
Processes & Methodologies
1 92 (20.63%) ITIL
2 86 (19.28%) SIEM
3 73 (16.37%) Identity Management
3 73 (16.37%) Information Security
4 71 (15.92%) Agile Software Development
5 65 (14.57%) DevOps
6 57 (12.78%) Cybersecurity
7 54 (12.11%) Security Architecture
8 52 (11.66%) Cryptography
9 44 (9.87%) Kalman Filter
9 44 (9.87%) Risk Management
10 41 (9.19%) Network Design
10 41 (9.19%) TOGAF
11 38 (8.52%) IT Strategy
11 38 (8.52%) Multi-Factor Authentication
11 38 (8.52%) Security Operations
12 37 (8.30%) Software Engineering
13 34 (7.62%) Data Protection
14 33 (7.40%) Patch Management
14 33 (7.40%) Penetration Testing
Programming Languages
1 63 (14.13%) PowerShell
2 60 (13.45%) Java
3 46 (10.31%) SQL
4 37 (8.30%) Python
5 22 (4.93%) Perl
6 19 (4.26%) Shell Script
7 18 (4.04%) JavaScript
8 17 (3.81%) C++
8 17 (3.81%) Ruby
9 12 (2.69%) Bash Shell
9 12 (2.69%) C
10 10 (2.24%) VBScript
11 9 (2.02%) C#
12 8 (1.79%) C-shell
13 6 (1.35%) GraphQL
13 6 (1.35%) PHP
14 5 (1.12%) Go
14 5 (1.12%) Korn
15 3 (0.67%) Bourne shell
15 3 (0.67%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 110 (24.66%) Security Cleared
2 82 (18.39%) CISSP
3 81 (18.16%) SC Cleared
4 72 (16.14%) Cisco Certification
5 69 (15.47%) Degree
6 60 (13.45%) CISM
7 44 (9.87%) CCNP
8 40 (8.97%) CEH
9 32 (7.17%) Microsoft Certification
10 28 (6.28%) CCNA
11 21 (4.71%) CCIE
11 21 (4.71%) CESG Certified Professional
11 21 (4.71%) SSCP
12 20 (4.48%) DV Cleared
13 19 (4.26%) MCSE
14 18 (4.04%) CISA
15 15 (3.36%) CCSA
15 15 (3.36%) Computer Science Degree
15 15 (3.36%) GIAC
16 14 (3.14%) Check Point Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 62 (13.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 29 (6.50%) PCI DSS
3 24 (5.38%) Cyber Essentials
4 22 (4.93%) SLA
5 12 (2.69%) GDPR
6 10 (2.24%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 9 (2.02%) QA
8 6 (1.35%) HIPAA
9 4 (0.90%) FIPS 140-2
9 4 (0.90%) GCP
10 3 (0.67%) ISO 9001
11 2 (0.45%) HL7
11 2 (0.45%) ISO 22301
11 2 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 1 (0.22%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 1 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 1 (0.22%) PMO
12 1 (0.22%) PSD2
System Software
1 167 (37.44%) Active Directory
2 68 (15.25%) Hyper-V
3 47 (10.54%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (3.81%) Docker
5 11 (2.47%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (2.02%) Microsoft App-V
7 8 (1.79%) pfSense
7 8 (1.79%) VMware ESXi
7 8 (1.79%) vSphere
8 6 (1.35%) Virtual Desktop
9 5 (1.12%) XenDesktop
10 4 (0.90%) BitLocker
11 3 (0.67%) NFS
11 3 (0.67%) ProxySG
11 3 (0.67%) Snort
11 3 (0.67%) VMware NSX
11 3 (0.67%) VMware Workstation
12 2 (0.45%) vCloud
12 2 (0.45%) XenApp
12 2 (0.45%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 44 (9.87%) Puppet
2 35 (7.85%) SCOM
3 25 (5.61%) Terraform
4 24 (5.38%) SCCM
5 22 (4.93%) Opscode Chef
6 21 (4.71%) Ansible
7 14 (3.14%) Kubernetes
8 13 (2.91%) Cisco Prime
8 13 (2.91%) SolarWinds Orion
9 8 (1.79%) Nessus
10 7 (1.57%) CSIRT
10 7 (1.57%) FortiGate
10 7 (1.57%) McAfee ePO
10 7 (1.57%) Microsoft Intune
10 7 (1.57%) Salt
11 5 (1.12%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
12 4 (0.90%) Consul
12 4 (0.90%) Packer
12 4 (0.90%) Rsyslog
12 4 (0.90%) yum
Vendors
1 157 (35.20%) Microsoft
2 113 (25.34%) Cisco
3 78 (17.49%) VMware
4 43 (9.64%) Oracle
5 41 (9.19%) CheckPoint
6 39 (8.74%) Juniper
7 31 (6.95%) F5
8 28 (6.28%) HP
8 28 (6.28%) Red Hat
9 24 (5.38%) Palo Alto
10 19 (4.26%) SolarWinds
11 16 (3.59%) NetApp
12 15 (3.36%) Barracuda Networks
12 15 (3.36%) IBM
13 13 (2.91%) McAfee
14 12 (2.69%) BMC
14 12 (2.69%) Splunk
15 11 (2.47%) ArcSight
15 11 (2.47%) Atlassian
16 10 (2.24%) Google