Period
to 23 November 2017

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 749 649 872
Rank change year-on-year -100 +223 -95
Permanent jobs citing PKI 465 684 443
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.26% 0.36% 0.20%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.60% 0.88% 0.49%
Number of salaries quoted 356 499 315
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - -4.35% +9.52%
10th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £36,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £80,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 77316 77666 91267
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.92% 40.92% 41.97%
Number of salaries quoted 58373 63794 73158
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £79,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -125 426 £57,500 +4.55% 25
UK excluding London -105 268 £50,000 -4.76% 20
London -11 177 £60,000 -4.00% 8
South East -68 122 £60,000 +9.09% 3
North of England -14 56 £50,000 +25.00% 5
North West -20 40 £57,500 +22.99% 1
East of England +5 28 £46,500 -20.51% 1
Midlands 0 26 £50,000 -6.98% 5
West Midlands -9 24 £49,000 -10.91% 3
Yorkshire +15 17 £72,500 +93.33% 4
South West -25 17 £46,500 -15.45% 3
Scotland -3 15 £43,000 -4.44% 3
Wales - 5 £40,000 -
East Midlands +32 2 £75,000 +87.50% 2
North East +7 1 £75,000 +76.47%

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 175 (37.63%) Active Directory
2 158 (33.98%) Microsoft
3 157 (33.76%) Windows
4 133 (28.60%) Firewall
5 121 (26.02%) Security Cleared
6 116 (24.95%) DNS
7 106 (22.80%) Linux
8 103 (22.15%) Cisco
9 91 (19.57%) CISSP
10 88 (18.92%) Finance
10 88 (18.92%) Microsoft Azure
11 85 (18.28%) SC Cleared
11 85 (18.28%) DHCP
12 84 (18.06%) Amazon AWS
12 84 (18.06%) SIEM
13 82 (17.63%) ITIL
14 80 (17.20%) Information Security
15 79 (16.99%) VMware
16 72 (15.48%) Degree
16 72 (15.48%) Cisco Certification
17 71 (15.27%) Agile Software Development
17 71 (15.27%) Hyper-V
18 69 (14.84%) Office 365
19 68 (14.62%) Windows Server
20 67 (14.41%) Identity Management
20 67 (14.41%) Java
21 66 (14.19%) DevOps
21 66 (14.19%) IaaS
22 64 (13.76%) PowerShell
23 62 (13.33%) CISM

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (6.02%) Skype for Business
2 25 (5.38%) IIS
3 21 (4.52%) SharePoint
4 19 (4.09%) Apache Spark
4 19 (4.09%) MS Exchange
5 15 (3.23%) Apache Pig
6 13 (2.80%) Apache
7 12 (2.58%) WebLogic
8 10 (2.15%) Elasticsearch
8 10 (2.15%) WebSphere
9 8 (1.72%) Confluence
9 8 (1.72%) Tomcat
10 7 (1.51%) Exchange Server 2013
10 7 (1.51%) Liferay
10 7 (1.51%) WebLogic Portal
11 4 (0.86%) Exchange Server 2010
11 4 (0.86%) JBoss
11 4 (0.86%) SharePoint 2013
12 3 (0.65%) nginx
13 2 (0.43%) Office Communications Server
Applications
1 11 (2.37%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.22%) Adobe Premiere
2 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 2 (0.43%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 88 (18.92%) Microsoft Azure
2 84 (18.06%) Amazon AWS
3 69 (14.84%) Office 365
4 66 (14.19%) IaaS
5 51 (10.97%) PaaS
6 43 (9.25%) SaaS
7 30 (6.45%) AWS CloudFormation
8 23 (4.95%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 17 (3.66%) Azure Active Directory
10 9 (1.94%) Amazon S3
11 8 (1.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 8 (1.72%) Amazon EC2
12 7 (1.51%) Mimecast
13 6 (1.29%) OneDrive
14 5 (1.08%) Amazon SQS
14 5 (1.08%) G Suite
14 5 (1.08%) Google Cloud Platform
15 4 (0.86%) Cloudflare
16 3 (0.65%) Cloud Computing
17 1 (0.22%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 133 (28.60%) Firewall
2 116 (24.95%) DNS
3 85 (18.28%) DHCP
4 59 (12.69%) WAN
5 58 (12.47%) Network Security
6 54 (11.61%) TCP/IP
7 51 (10.97%) LAN
7 51 (10.97%) SSL
8 49 (10.54%) IPsec
8 49 (10.54%) SAN
9 43 (9.25%) VPN
10 38 (8.17%) LDAP
11 34 (7.31%) Cisco Nexus
12 33 (7.10%) Cisco ASA
13 32 (6.88%) BGP
13 32 (6.88%) OSPF
14 28 (6.02%) Kerberos
15 26 (5.59%) Wireless
16 25 (5.38%) HTTP
16 25 (5.38%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (9.25%) SQL Server
2 28 (6.02%) MongoDB
2 28 (6.02%) NoSQL
3 26 (5.59%) Relational Database
4 25 (5.38%) Big Data
5 24 (5.16%) MySQL
5 24 (5.16%) RDBMS
6 22 (4.73%) Hadoop
7 20 (4.30%) Amazon RDS
8 19 (4.09%) Apache Hive
9 12 (2.58%) PostgreSQL
10 7 (1.51%) Oracle Database
11 6 (1.29%) Apache Cassandra
11 6 (1.29%) SQL Server 2014
12 5 (1.08%) Redis
12 5 (1.08%) Sqoop
13 4 (0.86%) BusinessObjects
14 3 (0.65%) DB2
14 3 (0.65%) InterSystems Cache
14 3 (0.65%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 26 (5.59%) Git (software)
2 14 (3.01%) Jenkins
3 13 (2.80%) Maven
4 11 (2.37%) JIRA
5 10 (2.15%) Ant
5 10 (2.15%) TeamCity
6 9 (1.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 7 (1.51%) MSI
7 7 (1.51%) Octopus Deploy
8 6 (1.29%) Grunt
8 6 (1.29%) webpack
9 4 (0.86%) Metasploit
10 3 (0.65%) Bitbucket
10 3 (0.65%) Subversion
11 2 (0.43%) Cucumber
11 2 (0.43%) Jasmine
11 2 (0.43%) Visual Studio
11 2 (0.43%) VSS/SourceSafe
12 1 (0.22%) Vagrant
12 1 (0.22%) WiX
General
1 88 (18.92%) Finance
2 33 (7.10%) Banking
3 24 (5.16%) Telecoms
4 17 (3.66%) Law
5 14 (3.01%) Marketing
6 12 (2.58%) Retail
7 11 (2.37%) Legal
8 8 (1.72%) Investment Banking
9 4 (0.86%) Electronics
10 3 (0.65%) Military
11 2 (0.43%) Advertising
11 2 (0.43%) Games
11 2 (0.43%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.22%) Billing
12 1 (0.22%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 72 (15.48%) Architect
2 66 (14.19%) Analyst
3 60 (12.90%) Security Engineer
4 46 (9.89%) Consultant
5 45 (9.68%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 36 (7.74%) Network Engineer
6 36 (7.74%) Security Analyst
7 32 (6.88%) Security Architect
8 29 (6.24%) Software Engineer
9 26 (5.59%) Security Consultant
10 24 (5.16%) Senior Network Engineer
11 21 (4.52%) Cloud Architect
12 20 (4.30%) Developer
13 18 (3.87%) Security Specialist
13 18 (3.87%) Senior Infrastructure Engineer
14 17 (3.66%) Network Analyst
14 17 (3.66%) Network Security Analyst
15 16 (3.44%) Java Developer
15 16 (3.44%) Support Engineer
15 16 (3.44%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 43 (9.25%) SAML
2 28 (6.02%) OAuth
3 26 (5.59%) JSON
4 23 (4.95%) Middleware
4 23 (4.95%) XML
5 22 (4.73%) 802.1X
6 21 (4.52%) HTML
6 21 (4.52%) REST
7 20 (4.30%) AngularJS
7 20 (4.30%) Node.js
7 20 (4.30%) Web Services
8 19 (4.09%) CSS
9 17 (3.66%) Java EE
9 17 (3.66%) Spring
10 16 (3.44%) XMPP
11 15 (3.23%) RESTful
12 14 (3.01%) Apache Camel
12 14 (3.01%) Hibernate
12 14 (3.01%) SOAP
13 13 (2.80%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 52 (11.18%) Computer Science
1 52 (11.18%) Management Information System
2 51 (10.97%) Data Centre
3 44 (9.46%) Analytical Skills
4 27 (5.81%) Smart Meter
5 23 (4.95%) Security Operations Centre
6 18 (3.87%) Algorithms
7 15 (3.23%) Clustering
7 15 (3.23%) Public Cloud
8 14 (3.01%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 14 (3.01%) Fintech
8 14 (3.01%) Hybrid Cloud
9 11 (2.37%) BYOD
9 11 (2.37%) CESG
9 11 (2.37%) Cyberthreat
9 11 (2.37%) Enterprise Storage
10 10 (2.15%) Data Structures
10 10 (2.15%) Private Cloud
11 9 (1.94%) Linux Command Line
12 8 (1.72%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 157 (33.76%) Windows
2 106 (22.80%) Linux
3 68 (14.62%) Windows Server
4 55 (11.83%) Unix
5 49 (10.54%) Windows Server 2012
6 21 (4.52%) Windows 10
7 20 (4.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (3.23%) CentOS
8 15 (3.23%) Windows Server 2008
9 14 (3.01%) Ubuntu
10 12 (2.58%) Mac OS X
11 10 (2.15%) AIX
11 10 (2.15%) Apple iOS
11 10 (2.15%) Debian
12 9 (1.94%) Android
13 8 (1.72%) Solaris
14 6 (1.29%) Kali Linux
15 5 (1.08%) Windows 7
16 2 (0.43%) Check Point GAiA
16 2 (0.43%) Data ONTAP
Processes & Methodologies
1 84 (18.06%) SIEM
2 82 (17.63%) ITIL
3 80 (17.20%) Information Security
4 71 (15.27%) Agile Software Development
5 67 (14.41%) Identity Management
6 66 (14.19%) DevOps
7 60 (12.90%) Cybersecurity
8 54 (11.61%) Security Architecture
9 51 (10.97%) Cryptography
10 44 (9.46%) Kalman Filter
11 41 (8.82%) Risk Management
12 40 (8.60%) Software Engineering
12 40 (8.60%) TOGAF
13 38 (8.17%) Data Protection
14 36 (7.74%) Operations Management
15 35 (7.53%) Network Design
16 34 (7.31%) IT Strategy
16 34 (7.31%) Security Operations
17 32 (6.88%) Patch Management
18 31 (6.67%) Penetration Testing
Programming Languages
1 67 (14.41%) Java
2 64 (13.76%) PowerShell
3 49 (10.54%) SQL
4 42 (9.03%) Python
5 27 (5.81%) Perl
6 23 (4.95%) Ruby
7 22 (4.73%) JavaScript
8 19 (4.09%) C
8 19 (4.09%) C++
9 18 (3.87%) Shell Script
10 13 (2.80%) VBScript
11 12 (2.58%) Bash Shell
12 11 (2.37%) C#
13 8 (1.72%) C-shell
14 6 (1.29%) Go
14 6 (1.29%) GraphQL
15 5 (1.08%) Korn
16 4 (0.86%) PHP
16 4 (0.86%) PL/SQL
17 3 (0.65%) Bourne shell
Qualifications
1 121 (26.02%) Security Cleared
2 91 (19.57%) CISSP
3 85 (18.28%) SC Cleared
4 72 (15.48%) Cisco Certification
4 72 (15.48%) Degree
5 62 (13.33%) CISM
6 49 (10.54%) CCNP
7 43 (9.25%) CEH
8 37 (7.96%) Microsoft Certification
9 28 (6.02%) CISA
9 28 (6.02%) DV Cleared
10 26 (5.59%) CCIE
10 26 (5.59%) CCNA
10 26 (5.59%) MCSE
10 26 (5.59%) SSCP
11 22 (4.73%) GIAC
12 20 (4.30%) Computer Science Degree
13 15 (3.23%) CESG Certified Professional
14 13 (2.80%) SANS
15 12 (2.58%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 48 (10.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 24 (5.16%) PCI DSS
3 20 (4.30%) GDPR
3 20 (4.30%) SLA
4 18 (3.87%) Cyber Essentials
5 10 (2.15%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 10 (2.15%) QA
6 4 (0.86%) GCP
6 4 (0.86%) HIPAA
7 3 (0.65%) FIPS 140-2
7 3 (0.65%) ISO 9001
7 3 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 3 (0.65%) PMO
8 2 (0.43%) HL7
8 2 (0.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.22%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 1 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 1 (0.22%) PSD2
System Software
1 175 (37.63%) Active Directory
2 71 (15.27%) Hyper-V
3 51 (10.97%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (3.66%) Docker
5 12 (2.58%) vSphere
6 9 (1.94%) Microsoft App-V
6 9 (1.94%) XenDesktop
7 8 (1.72%) Virtual Machines
8 7 (1.51%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (1.29%) Virtual Desktop
10 5 (1.08%) pfSense
11 4 (0.86%) BitLocker
11 4 (0.86%) Firmware
11 4 (0.86%) VMware NSX
11 4 (0.86%) XenApp
11 4 (0.86%) XenServer
12 3 (0.65%) vCloud
13 2 (0.43%) NFS
13 2 (0.43%) OpenAM
13 2 (0.43%) UAG
Systems Management
1 41 (8.82%) Puppet
2 32 (6.88%) SCOM
3 29 (6.24%) SCCM
4 24 (5.16%) Terraform
5 19 (4.09%) Opscode Chef
6 18 (3.87%) Ansible
7 14 (3.01%) Kubernetes
7 14 (3.01%) Microsoft Intune
8 12 (2.58%) Cisco Prime
9 11 (2.37%) SolarWinds Orion
10 9 (1.94%) CSIRT
11 7 (1.51%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 7 (1.51%) FortiGate
11 7 (1.51%) McAfee ePO
12 6 (1.29%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
12 6 (1.29%) Nessus
12 6 (1.29%) Salt
13 5 (1.08%) Microsoft Clustering
14 4 (0.86%) Backup Exec
15 3 (0.65%) ServiceCenter
Vendors
1 158 (33.98%) Microsoft
2 103 (22.15%) Cisco
3 79 (16.99%) VMware
4 41 (8.82%) Oracle
5 37 (7.96%) Juniper
6 36 (7.74%) CheckPoint
7 32 (6.88%) F5
7 32 (6.88%) HP
8 27 (5.81%) Red Hat
9 21 (4.52%) Palo Alto
10 19 (4.09%) SolarWinds
11 17 (3.66%) NetApp
12 16 (3.44%) Forcepoint
13 14 (3.01%) Barracuda Networks
13 14 (3.01%) McAfee
14 12 (2.58%) 3PAR
14 12 (2.58%) IBM
15 11 (2.37%) ArcSight
15 11 (2.37%) Citrix
16 10 (2.15%) Veeam