Period
to 13 November 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 13 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
13 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 619 748 650
Rank change year-on-year +129 -98 +241
Permanent jobs citing PKI 614 468 668
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.38% 0.26% 0.35%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.85% 0.59% 0.84%
Number of salaries quoted 513 363 486
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - -4.35%
10th Percentile £41,350 £37,500 £35,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £88,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +15.00% -4.76% +5.00%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 72,015 79,637 79,606
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.22% 44.35% 42.28%
Number of salaries quoted 55,970 60,054 65,355
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £28,250 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £81,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 13 November 2018.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 13 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +129 562 £57,500 - 76
UK excluding London +110 383 £57,500 +15.00% 60
London +84 203 £58,750 -2.08% 17
South East +46 157 £60,000 - 23
North of England +59 71 £52,500 +7.14% 11
Midlands +63 58 £57,500 +15.00% 8
North West +8 42 £60,000 +11.63% 9
West Midlands +58 37 £57,500 +17.35% 4
East of England +31 34 £50,000 +6.38% 9
South West +19 32 £56,250 +18.42% 8
Yorkshire +38 27 £42,000 -42.07% 2
Scotland +1 27 £65,000 +51.16%
East Midlands +26 21 £45,000 -40.00% 4
Wales +6 5 £50,000 +34.68% 1
North East +3 2 £82,500 +10.00%
Northern Ireland - 1 £70,000 -

For the 6 months to 13 November 2018, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 282 (45.93%) Windows
2 272 (44.30%) Firewall
3 260 (42.35%) Microsoft
4 248 (40.39%) Active Directory
5 212 (34.53%) DNS
6 190 (30.94%) PowerShell
7 189 (30.78%) Windows Server
8 172 (28.01%) DHCP
9 170 (27.69%) Network Security
10 159 (25.90%) Office 365
11 156 (25.41%) Agile Software Development
12 152 (24.76%) Microsoft Azure
12 152 (24.76%) Windows Server 2012
13 150 (24.43%) SIEM
14 148 (24.10%) Cybersecurity
15 146 (23.78%) Windows Server 2008
16 145 (23.62%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 137 (22.31%) VMware
18 136 (22.15%) Finance
19 132 (21.50%) Hyper-V
20 124 (20.20%) Information Security
21 118 (19.22%) DevOps
22 113 (18.40%) SCCM
23 109 (17.75%) Scrum
24 105 (17.10%) Data Centre
25 104 (16.94%) Migration
26 99 (16.12%) Linux
27 97 (15.80%) CISSP
28 89 (14.50%) Data Loss Prevention
29 85 (13.84%) Windows 10

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 65 (10.59%) MS Exchange
2 36 (5.86%) IIS
3 28 (4.56%) SharePoint
4 24 (3.91%) Exchange Server 2010
5 20 (3.26%) Apache
6 16 (2.61%) Exchange Server 2013
7 14 (2.28%) Confluence
8 11 (1.79%) Tomcat
9 9 (1.47%) CMS
9 9 (1.47%) OpenStack
10 7 (1.14%) SharePoint 2013
10 7 (1.14%) Skype for Business
11 4 (0.65%) nginx
12 3 (0.49%) Apache Spark
12 3 (0.49%) Elasticsearch
12 3 (0.49%) WebLogic
13 2 (0.33%) JBoss
14 1 (0.16%) Drupal
14 1 (0.16%) Exchange Server 2007
14 1 (0.16%) WebSphere
Applications
1 8 (1.30%) MS Visio
2 7 (1.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.81%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.33%) SAP HR
2 1 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.16%) R3 Corda
2 1 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 159 (25.90%) Office 365
2 152 (24.76%) Microsoft Azure
3 53 (8.63%) Amazon AWS
4 50 (8.14%) IaaS
5 47 (7.65%) PaaS
6 39 (6.35%) Dynamics 365
7 27 (4.40%) Azure Active Directory
8 25 (4.07%) Mimecast
9 13 (2.12%) SaaS
10 12 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
11 10 (1.63%) Amazon EC2
12 9 (1.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 7 (1.14%) AWS CloudFormation
14 6 (0.98%) Amazon S3
14 6 (0.98%) Amazon SQS
15 4 (0.65%) GitHub
15 4 (0.65%) Serverless
16 3 (0.49%) Google Cloud Platform
16 3 (0.49%) Mailgun
17 1 (0.16%) SoftLayer
Communications & Networking
1 272 (44.30%) Firewall
2 212 (34.53%) DNS
3 172 (28.01%) DHCP
4 170 (27.69%) Network Security
5 71 (11.56%) IPsec
6 68 (11.07%) VPN
7 43 (7.00%) Skype
8 42 (6.84%) Internet
9 38 (6.19%) Intrusion Detection
10 35 (5.70%) Cisco ASA
11 30 (4.89%) BGP
11 30 (4.89%) OSPF
12 27 (4.40%) Cisco Nexus
13 26 (4.23%) TCP/IP
14 25 (4.07%) SAN
15 24 (3.91%) FWSM
16 18 (2.93%) DKIM
16 18 (2.93%) DMARC
17 16 (2.61%) WAN
18 15 (2.44%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (7.17%) SQL Server
2 14 (2.28%) Amazon RDS
3 13 (2.12%) Big Data
4 10 (1.63%) Relational Database
5 9 (1.47%) PostgreSQL
5 9 (1.47%) SQL Server 2012
5 9 (1.47%) SQL Server 2014
6 8 (1.30%) MySQL
7 7 (1.14%) MongoDB
7 7 (1.14%) RDBMS
7 7 (1.14%) SQL Server 2008
8 4 (0.65%) Hadoop
8 4 (0.65%) Oracle Database
8 4 (0.65%) Power BI
8 4 (0.65%) SQL Server 2016
9 3 (0.49%) Apache Accumulo
9 3 (0.49%) Blockchain
9 3 (0.49%) Impala
9 3 (0.49%) MariaDB
9 3 (0.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 24 (3.91%) VSS/SourceSafe
2 20 (3.26%) JIRA
3 16 (2.61%) Jenkins
4 10 (1.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 9 (1.47%) Octopus Deploy
6 8 (1.30%) Git (software)
7 6 (0.98%) TeamCity
8 5 (0.81%) Team Foundation Server
9 4 (0.65%) Bitbucket
10 3 (0.49%) Artifactory
10 3 (0.49%) InstallShield
11 2 (0.33%) Ant
11 2 (0.33%) Gatling
11 2 (0.33%) GitLab
11 2 (0.33%) Maven
11 2 (0.33%) MSI
11 2 (0.33%) NeoLoad
11 2 (0.33%) Selenium
11 2 (0.33%) SonarQube
11 2 (0.33%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 136 (22.15%) Finance
2 31 (5.05%) Banking
3 23 (3.75%) Telecoms
4 14 (2.28%) Legal
5 13 (2.12%) Investment Banking
6 11 (1.79%) Law
6 11 (1.79%) Retail
7 7 (1.14%) Military
8 6 (0.98%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.81%) Marketing
10 4 (0.65%) Electronics
10 4 (0.65%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.49%) Back Office
11 3 (0.49%) Billing
12 2 (0.33%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.16%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 130 (21.17%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 114 (18.57%) Consultant
3 95 (15.47%) Security Consultant
4 71 (11.56%) Architect
5 53 (8.63%) Security Architect
6 47 (7.65%) Security Engineer
7 38 (6.19%) IT Consultant
7 38 (6.19%) IT Security Consultant
8 34 (5.54%) Exchange Engineer
8 34 (5.54%) Windows Engineer
9 33 (5.37%) Server Engineer
9 33 (5.37%) Windows Infrastructure Engineer
10 32 (5.21%) Analyst
10 32 (5.21%) Network Engineer
11 31 (5.05%) Cybersecurity Consultant
11 31 (5.05%) Windows Server Engineer
12 28 (4.56%) Active Directory Engineer
13 27 (4.40%) Infrastructure Specialist
14 22 (3.58%) Senior Consultant
14 22 (3.58%) Senior Security Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (4.40%) LDAP
2 19 (3.09%) SAML
3 18 (2.93%) Web Services
4 15 (2.44%) .NET
5 11 (1.79%) OAuth
6 10 (1.63%) Spring
7 9 (1.47%) CGI
7 9 (1.47%) Middleware
8 8 (1.30%) Java EE
8 8 (1.30%) jQuery
9 7 (1.14%) Apache Camel
9 7 (1.14%) Hibernate
10 6 (0.98%) OpenID
11 5 (0.81%) .NET Core
11 5 (0.81%) ADSI
11 5 (0.81%) AngularJS
11 5 (0.81%) J2EE
12 4 (0.65%) HTML
12 4 (0.65%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 4 (0.65%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 105 (17.10%) Data Centre
2 63 (10.26%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
2 63 (10.26%) Security Operations Centre
3 53 (8.63%) Self-Motivation
4 47 (7.65%) Management Information System
5 43 (7.00%) Analytical Skills
6 19 (3.09%) Clustering
6 19 (3.09%) Computer Science
7 18 (2.93%) Public Cloud
7 18 (2.93%) Smart Meter
8 15 (2.44%) CESG
9 13 (2.12%) Cyberthreat
10 12 (1.95%) Smartcard
11 10 (1.63%) Algorithms
11 10 (1.63%) Enterprise Software
12 8 (1.30%) Cyberattack
13 7 (1.14%) Fintech
13 7 (1.14%) Private Cloud
14 4 (0.65%) Enterprise Storage
14 4 (0.65%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 282 (45.93%) Windows
2 189 (30.78%) Windows Server
3 152 (24.76%) Windows Server 2012
4 146 (23.78%) Windows Server 2008
5 99 (16.12%) Linux
6 85 (13.84%) Windows 10
7 22 (3.58%) Solaris
8 21 (3.42%) Unix
9 15 (2.44%) Windows Server 2003
10 9 (1.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 8 (1.30%) Windows 7
12 6 (0.98%) CentOS
13 4 (0.65%) Android
13 4 (0.65%) Apple iOS
13 4 (0.65%) Ubuntu
14 3 (0.49%) OpenBSD
15 1 (0.16%) AIX
15 1 (0.16%) Debian
15 1 (0.16%) SUSE
15 1 (0.16%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 156 (25.41%) Agile Software Development
2 150 (24.43%) SIEM
3 148 (24.10%) Cybersecurity
4 145 (23.62%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 124 (20.20%) Information Security
6 118 (19.22%) DevOps
7 109 (17.75%) Scrum
8 104 (16.94%) Migration
9 89 (14.50%) Data Loss Prevention
10 85 (13.84%) ITIL
11 83 (13.52%) Security Operations
12 80 (13.03%) Vulnerability Management
13 60 (9.77%) Security Architecture
14 59 (9.61%) Continuous Improvement
14 59 (9.61%) Systems Engineering
15 53 (8.63%) Risk Management
15 53 (8.63%) Threat Management
16 52 (8.47%) Load Balancing
17 50 (8.14%) Cryptography
18 47 (7.65%) Identity Management
Programming Languages
1 190 (30.94%) PowerShell
2 35 (5.70%) SQL
3 29 (4.72%) Java
4 20 (3.26%) C
5 18 (2.93%) Python
6 16 (2.61%) C#
7 14 (2.28%) C++
8 13 (2.12%) Bash Shell
9 11 (1.79%) Perl
10 9 (1.47%) JavaScript
11 8 (1.30%) Shell Script
12 7 (1.14%) Ruby
13 5 (0.81%) PL/SQL
14 4 (0.65%) Go
15 2 (0.33%) Java 8
15 2 (0.33%) T-SQL
15 2 (0.33%) VB
16 1 (0.16%) JCL
16 1 (0.16%) PHP
16 1 (0.16%) REXX
Qualifications
1 97 (15.80%) CISSP
2 68 (11.07%) Security Cleared
3 62 (10.10%) CISM
4 56 (9.12%) Degree
5 55 (8.96%) Cisco Certification
6 44 (7.17%) Microsoft Certification
7 40 (6.51%) MCSE
8 39 (6.35%) SC Cleared
9 37 (6.03%) CCNP
10 36 (5.86%) SANS
11 34 (5.54%) CISA
12 27 (4.40%) CESG Certified Professional
13 24 (3.91%) GIAC
14 22 (3.58%) SSCP
15 19 (3.09%) CCIE
15 19 (3.09%) CompTIA Security+
15 19 (3.09%) DV Cleared
15 19 (3.09%) Master's Degree
16 15 (2.44%) CREST Certified
16 15 (2.44%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (9.93%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 30 (4.89%) GDPR
2 30 (4.89%) PCI DSS
3 17 (2.77%) FISMA
4 15 (2.44%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 12 (1.95%) SLA
6 11 (1.79%) Cyber Essentials
7 6 (0.98%) COBIT
7 6 (0.98%) QA
8 5 (0.81%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 4 (0.65%) FIPS 140-2
9 4 (0.65%) GPG13
10 2 (0.33%) Basel III
10 2 (0.33%) ECSS
10 2 (0.33%) ISAE 3402
10 2 (0.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 1 (0.16%) PMO
System Software
1 248 (40.39%) Active Directory
2 132 (21.50%) Hyper-V
3 64 (10.42%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (4.23%) Docker
5 23 (3.75%) XenApp
6 17 (2.77%) Virtual Machines
7 16 (2.61%) vSphere
8 13 (2.12%) Microsoft App-V
9 8 (1.30%) VMware ESXi
9 8 (1.30%) XenDesktop
10 7 (1.14%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 6 (0.98%) BitLocker
12 3 (0.49%) Apache Flume
12 3 (0.49%) HDFS
12 3 (0.49%) OpenDJ
12 3 (0.49%) OpenIDM
13 2 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
14 1 (0.16%) Job Entry Subsystem
14 1 (0.16%) Time Sharing Option
14 1 (0.16%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 113 (18.40%) SCCM
2 82 (13.36%) SCOM
3 55 (8.96%) QRadar
4 24 (3.91%) McAfee ePO
4 24 (3.91%) Single Sign-On
5 21 (3.42%) Norton AntiVirus
6 17 (2.77%) Kubernetes
7 14 (2.28%) Ansible
8 11 (1.79%) Nessus
9 10 (1.63%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
9 10 (1.63%) WSUS
10 9 (1.47%) Puppet
11 8 (1.30%) Opscode Chef
12 7 (1.14%) CASB
12 7 (1.14%) Microsoft Clustering
13 6 (0.98%) Cisco Prime
13 6 (0.98%) Nagios
14 5 (0.81%) Consul
14 5 (0.81%) NetBackup
14 5 (0.81%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 260 (42.35%) Microsoft
2 137 (22.31%) VMware
3 78 (12.70%) Qualys
4 75 (12.21%) Cisco
5 67 (10.91%) Splunk
6 48 (7.82%) McAfee
7 40 (6.51%) Citrix
8 36 (5.86%) CheckPoint
8 36 (5.86%) F5
9 31 (5.05%) Juniper
9 31 (5.05%) Trend Micro
10 29 (4.72%) Fortinet
11 28 (4.56%) Symantec
12 25 (4.07%) Sophos
13 19 (3.09%) Oracle
14 18 (2.93%) Forcepoint
15 13 (2.12%) HP
16 11 (1.79%) Gemalto
16 11 (1.79%) Red Hat
17 10 (1.63%) CA