Period
to 25 May 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 25 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
25 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 683 777 720
Rank change year-on-year +94 -57 +146
Permanent jobs citing PKI 546 420 642
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.31% 0.25% 0.32%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.73% 0.58% 0.73%
Number of salaries quoted 409 303 494
UK median annual salary £57,500 £57,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.52% -
10th Percentile £37,000 £36,250 £37,017
90th Percentile £87,500 £90,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% -

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 74,861 72,037 87,994
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.05% 42.62% 43.83%
Number of salaries quoted 58,261 58,024 71,209
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% -3.06% +7.69%
10th Percentile £27,750 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £41,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +8.43% -2.35% +6.25%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 25 May 2018.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +59 482 £57,500 - 73
UK excluding London +62 301 £50,000 -4.76% 54
London +38 216 £60,000 +1.69% 32
North of England +33 86 £45,000 +12.50% 9
South East -90 59 £53,750 -10.42% 14
Midlands +37 55 £55,000 +41.94% 2
North West +4 52 £58,000 +62.24% 5
West Midlands +40 46 £57,500 +53.33% 1
Yorkshire +39 34 £37,500 -4.46% 4
South West +4 34 £57,500 +43.75% 4
East of England +16 31 £50,000 +5.26% 12
Scotland -28 25 £65,000 +66.67% 1
Wales +17 10 £42,500 +10.64% 10
East Midlands +2 9 £37,500 -6.25% 1
Northern Ireland - 1 £62,500 - 2

For the 6 months to 25 May 2018, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 214 (39.19%) Active Directory
2 201 (36.81%) Firewall
3 158 (28.94%) Microsoft
4 157 (28.75%) Microsoft Azure
5 154 (28.21%) Windows
6 150 (27.47%) SIEM
7 135 (24.73%) DNS
8 120 (21.98%) Cybersecurity
9 118 (21.61%) Network Security
10 113 (20.70%) DHCP
11 100 (18.32%) PowerShell
12 99 (18.13%) Information Security
13 98 (17.95%) ITIL
14 97 (17.77%) CISSP
14 97 (17.77%) Security Operations
15 94 (17.22%) Data Loss Prevention
16 92 (16.85%) Cisco
17 84 (15.38%) Data Centre
18 82 (15.02%) Security Cleared
19 81 (14.84%) Finance
19 81 (14.84%) VMware
19 81 (14.84%) Windows Server
20 78 (14.29%) Office 365
21 77 (14.10%) VPN
21 77 (14.10%) Hyper-V
22 74 (13.55%) Vulnerability Management
23 70 (12.82%) Degree
24 69 (12.64%) VMware Infrastructure
24 69 (12.64%) CISM
25 67 (12.27%) Problem-Solving

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (10.62%) IIS
2 41 (7.51%) MS Exchange
3 27 (4.95%) Tomcat
4 26 (4.76%) Apache
5 23 (4.21%) Skype for Business
6 17 (3.11%) Exchange Server 2010
7 15 (2.75%) SharePoint
8 13 (2.38%) Exchange Server 2013
9 11 (2.01%) CMS
10 10 (1.83%) Exchange Server 2007
11 9 (1.65%) Apache Spark
11 9 (1.65%) Elasticsearch
12 7 (1.28%) Confluence
13 5 (0.92%) TPMS
14 3 (0.55%) JBoss
14 3 (0.55%) WebSphere
15 2 (0.37%) WebLogic
16 1 (0.18%) Apache Pig
16 1 (0.18%) Oracle HTTP Server
16 1 (0.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 2 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
1 2 (0.37%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.18%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (0.55%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.18%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 157 (28.75%) Microsoft Azure
2 78 (14.29%) Office 365
3 58 (10.62%) Amazon AWS
4 35 (6.41%) Azure Active Directory
5 32 (5.86%) Mimecast
6 21 (3.85%) IaaS
6 21 (3.85%) PaaS
7 18 (3.30%) Google Cloud Platform
8 16 (2.93%) Cloud Computing
9 12 (2.20%) Dynamics 365
9 12 (2.20%) SaaS
10 6 (1.10%) AWS CloudFormation
11 4 (0.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 4 (0.73%) Amazon EC2
12 3 (0.55%) Amazon S3
12 3 (0.55%) Amazon SQS
13 2 (0.37%) OpenShift
14 1 (0.18%) Amazon Kinesis
14 1 (0.18%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 1 (0.18%) Fastly
Communications & Networking
1 201 (36.81%) Firewall
2 135 (24.73%) DNS
3 118 (21.61%) Network Security
4 113 (20.70%) DHCP
5 77 (14.10%) VPN
6 66 (12.09%) IPsec
7 50 (9.16%) Cisco ASA
8 40 (7.33%) BGP
9 37 (6.78%) OSPF
10 36 (6.59%) Cisco Nexus
10 36 (6.59%) TCP/IP
11 35 (6.41%) FWSM
12 31 (5.68%) Kerberos
12 31 (5.68%) WAN
13 30 (5.49%) LAN
14 26 (4.76%) HTTP
15 25 (4.58%) DKIM
15 25 (4.58%) DMARC
15 25 (4.58%) SNMP
16 22 (4.03%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (6.23%) SQL Server
2 27 (4.95%) Amazon RDS
3 12 (2.20%) MongoDB
4 10 (1.83%) Big Data
4 10 (1.83%) SQL Server 2008
5 9 (1.65%) Apache Hive
5 9 (1.65%) Hadoop
6 8 (1.47%) Apache Accumulo
6 8 (1.47%) Impala
6 8 (1.47%) Sqoop
7 4 (0.73%) Oracle Database
7 4 (0.73%) SQL Server 2012
8 3 (0.55%) Blockchain
8 3 (0.55%) GIS
8 3 (0.55%) SQL Server 2014
8 3 (0.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 2 (0.37%) PostgreSQL
9 2 (0.37%) Relational Database
9 2 (0.37%) VoltDB
10 1 (0.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 36 (6.59%) VSS/SourceSafe
2 18 (3.30%) Fiddler
3 14 (2.56%) JIRA
4 9 (1.65%) Jenkins
5 7 (1.28%) Git (software)
6 3 (0.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 3 (0.55%) Octopus Deploy
6 3 (0.55%) Subversion
6 3 (0.55%) TeamCity
7 2 (0.37%) Bitbucket
7 2 (0.37%) CircleCI
7 2 (0.37%) Maven
7 2 (0.37%) Sonatype Nexus
8 1 (0.18%) Ant
8 1 (0.18%) GitLab
8 1 (0.18%) Trac
8 1 (0.18%) Vagrant
General
1 81 (14.84%) Finance
2 29 (5.31%) Banking
3 19 (3.48%) Investment Banking
4 14 (2.56%) Law
5 11 (2.01%) Financial Institution
5 11 (2.01%) Legal
5 11 (2.01%) Telecoms
6 8 (1.47%) Military
6 8 (1.47%) Retail
7 7 (1.28%) Pharmaceutical
8 5 (0.92%) Automotive
8 5 (0.92%) Back Office
9 3 (0.55%) Italian Language
10 2 (0.37%) Advertising
10 2 (0.37%) Local Government
10 2 (0.37%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.18%) Marketing
11 1 (0.18%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 108 (19.78%) Consultant
2 92 (16.85%) Architect
3 67 (12.27%) Security Consultant
4 59 (10.81%) Security Architect
5 54 (9.89%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 45 (8.24%) Security Engineer
7 43 (7.88%) Analyst
8 36 (6.59%) Azure Engineer
9 35 (6.41%) IT Consultant
9 35 (6.41%) IT Security Consultant
10 32 (5.86%) Senior Data Warehouse Specialist
11 30 (5.49%) Active Directory Engineer
12 29 (5.31%) Network Specialist
13 28 (5.13%) Network Engineer
14 24 (4.40%) Cybersecurity Consultant
15 22 (4.03%) Data Consultant
16 21 (3.85%) Data Protection Consultant
17 20 (3.66%) Senior Network Specialist
17 20 (3.66%) Senior Security Consultant
17 20 (3.66%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 61 (11.17%) LDAP
2 43 (7.88%) OpenID
3 38 (6.96%) SAML
4 35 (6.41%) OAuth
5 30 (5.49%) Web Services
6 21 (3.85%) HTML
6 21 (3.85%) REST
7 20 (3.66%) XML
8 18 (3.30%) Servlets
9 11 (2.01%) .NET
9 11 (2.01%) Middleware
9 11 (2.01%) Spring
10 10 (1.83%) ADSI
10 10 (1.83%) Java EE
10 10 (1.83%) jQuery
11 9 (1.65%) 802.1X
11 9 (1.65%) Apache Camel
11 9 (1.65%) Hibernate
11 9 (1.65%) JSON
12 8 (1.47%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 84 (15.38%) Data Centre
2 64 (11.72%) Self-Motivation
3 55 (10.07%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
4 53 (9.71%) Management Information System
5 49 (8.97%) Security Operations Centre
6 44 (8.06%) Analytical Skills
7 39 (7.14%) Public Cloud
8 28 (5.13%) Enterprise Software
9 27 (4.95%) Computer Science
10 21 (3.85%) CESG
10 21 (3.85%) Clustering
11 15 (2.75%) Cyber Defence
12 13 (2.38%) Smart Meter
13 11 (2.01%) Linux Command Line
13 11 (2.01%) Smartcard
14 10 (1.83%) Cyberthreat
15 9 (1.65%) Fintech
15 9 (1.65%) Hybrid Cloud
16 7 (1.28%) Enterprise Cloud
17 5 (0.92%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 154 (28.21%) Windows
2 81 (14.84%) Windows Server
3 63 (11.54%) Linux
4 61 (11.17%) Windows Server 2012
5 42 (7.69%) Windows Server 2008
6 34 (6.23%) Unix
7 22 (4.03%) Windows 10
8 10 (1.83%) Debian
8 10 (1.83%) Ubuntu
9 9 (1.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 7 (1.28%) Kali Linux
11 6 (1.10%) CentOS
12 4 (0.73%) Android
12 4 (0.73%) Apple iOS
13 3 (0.55%) AIX
13 3 (0.55%) Windows Server 2003
14 2 (0.37%) Solaris
14 2 (0.37%) Windows 7
15 1 (0.18%) Mac OS
15 1 (0.18%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 150 (27.47%) SIEM
2 120 (21.98%) Cybersecurity
3 99 (18.13%) Information Security
4 98 (17.95%) ITIL
5 97 (17.77%) Security Operations
6 94 (17.22%) Data Loss Prevention
7 74 (13.55%) Vulnerability Management
8 67 (12.27%) Problem-Solving
9 64 (11.72%) Identity Access Management
10 63 (11.54%) Security Architecture
11 56 (10.26%) Identity Management
12 55 (10.07%) Agile Software Development
13 54 (9.89%) Risk Management
14 49 (8.97%) Threat Management
14 49 (8.97%) Use Case
15 47 (8.61%) Cryptography
15 47 (8.61%) DevOps
16 46 (8.42%) Continuous Improvement
17 43 (7.88%) TOGAF
18 41 (7.51%) Service Delivery
Programming Languages
1 100 (18.32%) PowerShell
2 50 (9.16%) SQL
3 43 (7.88%) Java
4 29 (5.31%) C
5 24 (4.40%) Python
6 21 (3.85%) C#
6 21 (3.85%) Shell Script
7 14 (2.56%) Bash Shell
7 14 (2.56%) Perl
8 11 (2.01%) JavaScript
8 11 (2.01%) Ruby
9 10 (1.83%) PL/SQL
9 10 (1.83%) VBScript
10 6 (1.10%) Go
11 5 (0.92%) C++
12 3 (0.55%) T-SQL
13 2 (0.37%) BeanShell
13 2 (0.37%) Java 8
14 1 (0.18%) CLIST
14 1 (0.18%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 97 (17.77%) CISSP
2 82 (15.02%) Security Cleared
3 70 (12.82%) Degree
4 69 (12.64%) CISM
5 62 (11.36%) Cisco Certification
6 58 (10.62%) CCNP
7 51 (9.34%) SC Cleared
8 38 (6.96%) Microsoft Certification
9 34 (6.23%) CISA
10 32 (5.86%) GIAC
10 32 (5.86%) MCSE
10 32 (5.86%) SANS
11 28 (5.13%) CESG Certified Professional
12 25 (4.58%) MCSA
13 23 (4.21%) CSSLP
14 22 (4.03%) CompTIA Security+
15 20 (3.66%) PMI Certification
15 20 (3.66%) PMP
15 20 (3.66%) SSCP
16 19 (3.48%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (10.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 47 (8.61%) PCI DSS
3 45 (8.24%) GDPR
4 20 (3.66%) SLA
5 17 (3.11%) COBIT
6 12 (2.20%) QA
7 10 (1.83%) Cyber Essentials
7 10 (1.83%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 9 (1.65%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 6 (1.10%) ISO 31000
10 5 (0.92%) GAMP
11 3 (0.55%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 2 (0.37%) GPG13
12 2 (0.37%) ISAE 3402
12 2 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 214 (39.19%) Active Directory
2 77 (14.10%) Hyper-V
3 69 (12.64%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (4.40%) vSphere
5 23 (4.21%) Docker
6 12 (2.20%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
6 12 (2.20%) Virtual Machines
6 12 (2.20%) XenApp
7 8 (1.47%) Apache Flume
7 8 (1.47%) Firmware
7 8 (1.47%) HDFS
8 7 (1.28%) Snort
8 7 (1.28%) XenDesktop
9 6 (1.10%) pfSense
9 6 (1.10%) XenServer
10 4 (0.73%) VMware NSX
11 3 (0.55%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.55%) VMware Workstation
12 2 (0.37%) Citrix Presentation Server
12 2 (0.37%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 50 (9.16%) QRadar
2 32 (5.86%) SCCM
3 30 (5.49%) Single Sign-On
4 20 (3.66%) Kubernetes
5 18 (3.30%) SCOM
6 15 (2.75%) Microsoft Intune
7 14 (2.56%) WSUS
8 13 (2.38%) Opscode Chef
9 12 (2.20%) Forefront Identity Manager
10 11 (2.01%) McAfee ePO
11 10 (1.83%) Backup Exec
11 10 (1.83%) Nessus
12 9 (1.65%) SCOrch
13 8 (1.47%) Docker Swarm
13 8 (1.47%) FortiGate
13 8 (1.47%) PowerCLI
13 8 (1.47%) Puppet
14 6 (1.10%) OSSEC
14 6 (1.10%) SCVMM
14 6 (1.10%) ServiceCenter
Vendors
1 158 (28.94%) Microsoft
2 92 (16.85%) Cisco
3 81 (14.84%) VMware
4 61 (11.17%) Juniper
5 54 (9.89%) Splunk
6 52 (9.52%) Qualys
7 48 (8.79%) CheckPoint
8 46 (8.42%) Fortinet
9 45 (8.24%) F5
10 31 (5.68%) McAfee
11 25 (4.58%) Forcepoint
11 25 (4.58%) Oracle
12 23 (4.21%) HP
13 22 (4.03%) CA
14 19 (3.48%) ForgeRock
15 18 (3.30%) Google
16 15 (2.75%) Veeam
17 12 (2.20%) Citrix
18 10 (1.83%) Dell
18 10 (1.83%) Palo Alto