Period
to 17 January 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 17 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 620 752 673
Rank change year-on-year +132 -79 +180
Permanent jobs citing PKI 568 444 585
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.38% 0.26% 0.33%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.90% 0.63% 0.83%
Number of salaries quoted 503 325 442
UK median annual salary £55,000 £53,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.77% -3.64% -
10th Percentile £40,000 £37,000 £32,850
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,250 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £49,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +12.24% -6.67% +5.00%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 63,237 70,294 70,445
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.83% 40.58% 39.61%
Number of salaries quoted 48,468 54,114 57,569
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% -

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +170 536 £55,000 +1.85% 78
UK excluding London +135 348 £55,000 +12.24% 62
London +71 190 £58,750 +0.43% 16
South East +79 145 £60,000 -2.04% 26
North of England +37 75 £52,250 +1.46% 9
Midlands +63 56 £57,500 +17.35% 15
North West +39 49 £73,750 +13.46% 6
East of England +53 42 £40,000 -6.43% 5
West Midlands +60 37 £60,000 +22.45% 5
Yorkshire +18 26 £42,000 +1.20% 2
East Midlands +35 25 £60,000 -20.00% 10
South West +3 23 £47,500 +5.56% 7
Scotland +2 11 £65,000 +51.16%
Wales +10 2 £55,000 +29.41%

For the 6 months to 17 January 2019, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 269 (47.36%) Windows
2 256 (45.07%) Active Directory
3 253 (44.54%) Microsoft
4 211 (37.15%) Firewall
5 190 (33.45%) DNS
6 182 (32.04%) Windows Server
7 179 (31.51%) Agile Software Development
8 163 (28.70%) PowerShell
9 160 (28.17%) DHCP
10 148 (26.06%) Windows Server 2012
11 146 (25.70%) VMware
12 142 (25.00%) Windows Server 2008
13 134 (23.59%) Office 365
14 130 (22.89%) Microsoft Azure
15 126 (22.18%) SCCM
16 123 (21.65%) Hyper-V
17 121 (21.30%) Infrastructure Engineering
18 117 (20.60%) SIEM
19 115 (20.25%) Finance
20 114 (20.07%) Information Security
20 114 (20.07%) DevOps
21 113 (19.89%) Network Security
22 111 (19.54%) ITIL
23 105 (18.49%) CISSP
24 104 (18.31%) Cybersecurity
25 101 (17.78%) Scrum
26 97 (17.08%) Linux
27 91 (16.02%) SCOM
28 88 (15.49%) Data Centre
29 85 (14.96%) Migration

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (12.85%) MS Exchange
2 31 (5.46%) Elasticsearch
3 30 (5.28%) SharePoint
4 25 (4.40%) Exchange Server 2010
4 25 (4.40%) IIS
5 20 (3.52%) Apache
6 19 (3.35%) Exchange Server 2013
7 9 (1.58%) WebLogic
8 8 (1.41%) nginx
9 7 (1.23%) Anypoint
9 7 (1.23%) Mule
9 7 (1.23%) SharePoint 2013
9 7 (1.23%) WebSphere
10 6 (1.06%) Confluence
10 6 (1.06%) Skype for Business
10 6 (1.06%) Tomcat
11 5 (0.88%) OpenStack
12 4 (0.70%) CMS
13 2 (0.35%) JBoss
14 1 (0.18%) Exchange Server 2007
Applications
1 13 (2.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 13 (2.29%) MS Visio
2 11 (1.94%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.88%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.35%) SAP HR
2 1 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 134 (23.59%) Office 365
2 130 (22.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 37 (6.51%) Amazon AWS
4 36 (6.34%) IaaS
5 33 (5.81%) PaaS
6 25 (4.40%) Dynamics 365
7 18 (3.17%) Azure Active Directory
8 15 (2.64%) SaaS
9 13 (2.29%) Cloud Computing
10 12 (2.11%) Mimecast
11 6 (1.06%) Amazon EC2
12 4 (0.70%) Google Cloud Platform
13 3 (0.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 3 (0.53%) Amazon S3
13 3 (0.53%) Amazon SQS
13 3 (0.53%) AWS CloudFormation
13 3 (0.53%) GitHub
13 3 (0.53%) Serverless
14 1 (0.18%) Dropbox
Communications & Networking
1 211 (37.15%) Firewall
2 190 (33.45%) DNS
3 160 (28.17%) DHCP
4 113 (19.89%) Network Security
5 49 (8.63%) VPN
6 41 (7.22%) IPsec
6 41 (7.22%) Skype
7 36 (6.34%) Internet
8 30 (5.28%) SAN
9 29 (5.11%) Cisco ASA
9 29 (5.11%) Intrusion Detection
10 25 (4.40%) SSL
11 24 (4.23%) BGP
11 24 (4.23%) OSPF
11 24 (4.23%) TCP/IP
12 20 (3.52%) WAN
13 16 (2.82%) Cisco Nexus
13 16 (2.82%) Kerberos
13 16 (2.82%) LAN
14 15 (2.64%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (7.75%) SQL Server
2 32 (5.63%) PostgreSQL
3 31 (5.46%) MongoDB
4 28 (4.93%) MySQL
5 17 (2.99%) NoSQL
6 9 (1.58%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 8 (1.41%) Amazon RDS
7 8 (1.41%) Oracle Database
8 7 (1.23%) Oracle Database 11g
8 7 (1.23%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 7 (1.23%) VoltDB
9 6 (1.06%) SQL Server 2012
10 5 (0.88%) Relational Database
10 5 (0.88%) SQL Server 2008
11 4 (0.70%) Power BI
11 4 (0.70%) SQL Server 2014
12 3 (0.53%) Big Data
12 3 (0.53%) RDBMS
13 2 (0.35%) Blockchain
14 1 (0.18%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 13 (2.29%) JIRA
1 13 (2.29%) VSS/SourceSafe
2 7 (1.23%) Jenkins
3 4 (0.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 4 (0.70%) Team Foundation Server
4 3 (0.53%) Git (software)
4 3 (0.53%) InstallShield
4 3 (0.53%) Octopus Deploy
4 3 (0.53%) SpecFlow
4 3 (0.53%) TeamCity
5 2 (0.35%) Ant
5 2 (0.35%) SonarQube
6 1 (0.18%) Artifactory
6 1 (0.18%) Gradle
6 1 (0.18%) Jasmine
6 1 (0.18%) Visual Studio
6 1 (0.18%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 115 (20.25%) Finance
2 20 (3.52%) Retail
2 20 (3.52%) Telecoms
3 16 (2.82%) Legal
4 13 (2.29%) Banking
5 7 (1.23%) Law
6 5 (0.88%) Marketing
7 4 (0.70%) Front Office
7 4 (0.70%) Investment Banking
8 3 (0.53%) Back Office
8 3 (0.53%) Billing
9 2 (0.35%) Electronics
9 2 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.18%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.18%) Military
Job Titles
1 115 (20.25%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 85 (14.96%) Architect
3 66 (11.62%) Consultant
4 62 (10.92%) Security Consultant
5 54 (9.51%) Analyst
6 48 (8.45%) Security Architect
7 44 (7.75%) Security Engineer
8 37 (6.51%) Server Engineer
8 37 (6.51%) Windows Engineer
9 36 (6.34%) Developer
10 35 (6.16%) Exchange Engineer
10 35 (6.16%) Windows Infrastructure Engineer
10 35 (6.16%) Windows Server Engineer
11 28 (4.93%) Network Engineer
12 27 (4.75%) Infrastructure Specialist
13 26 (4.58%) Cybersecurity Consultant
14 23 (4.05%) Support Engineer
15 22 (3.87%) Security Analyst
16 21 (3.70%) Active Directory Engineer
17 19 (3.35%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (6.34%) LDAP
2 30 (5.28%) RabbitMQ
3 20 (3.52%) Web Services
4 18 (3.17%) JSON
4 18 (3.17%) SAML
5 14 (2.46%) SailPoint
6 12 (2.11%) OAuth
6 12 (2.11%) REST
6 12 (2.11%) XML
7 11 (1.94%) RESTful
8 10 (1.76%) ADSI
8 10 (1.76%) Spring
9 9 (1.58%) .NET
9 9 (1.58%) J2EE
10 8 (1.41%) LAMP
11 7 (1.23%) gRPC
11 7 (1.23%) Guava
11 7 (1.23%) JDBC
11 7 (1.23%) Visualforce
12 6 (1.06%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 88 (15.49%) Data Centre
2 66 (11.62%) Management Information System
3 47 (8.27%) Self-Motivation
4 43 (7.57%) Analytical Skills
5 41 (7.22%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 36 (6.34%) Clustering
7 30 (5.28%) Smart Meter
8 20 (3.52%) Security Operations Centre
9 19 (3.35%) Greenfield Project
10 17 (2.99%) Hybrid Cloud
11 13 (2.29%) CESG
11 13 (2.29%) NHS
11 13 (2.29%) Public Cloud
12 12 (2.11%) Smartcard
13 11 (1.94%) Driving Licence
14 9 (1.58%) Replication
15 8 (1.41%) Algorithms
16 3 (0.53%) Chip and PIN
16 3 (0.53%) Cyberthreat
17 2 (0.35%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 269 (47.36%) Windows
2 182 (32.04%) Windows Server
3 148 (26.06%) Windows Server 2012
4 142 (25.00%) Windows Server 2008
5 97 (17.08%) Linux
6 69 (12.15%) Windows 10
7 23 (4.05%) Windows Server 2003
8 21 (3.70%) Unix
9 11 (1.94%) CentOS
9 11 (1.94%) Solaris
10 7 (1.23%) FreeBSD
11 6 (1.06%) Windows 7
12 5 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 4 (0.70%) AIX
14 2 (0.35%) Android
14 2 (0.35%) Apple iOS
15 1 (0.18%) SUSE
15 1 (0.18%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 179 (31.51%) Agile Software Development
2 121 (21.30%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 117 (20.60%) SIEM
4 114 (20.07%) DevOps
4 114 (20.07%) Information Security
5 111 (19.54%) ITIL
6 104 (18.31%) Cybersecurity
7 101 (17.78%) Scrum
8 85 (14.96%) Migration
9 66 (11.62%) Systems Engineering
10 57 (10.04%) TOGAF
11 53 (9.33%) Risk Management
11 53 (9.33%) Vulnerability Management
12 52 (9.15%) Security Architecture
13 51 (8.98%) SABSA
14 50 (8.80%) Identity Management
15 49 (8.63%) Security Operations
16 45 (7.92%) Problem-Solving
17 43 (7.57%) Cryptography
18 41 (7.22%) Data Loss Prevention
Programming Languages
1 163 (28.70%) PowerShell
2 61 (10.74%) SQL
3 54 (9.51%) Java
4 31 (5.46%) Python
5 27 (4.75%) JavaScript
6 26 (4.58%) Go
7 13 (2.29%) C++
8 11 (1.94%) Bash Shell
8 11 (1.94%) C
9 9 (1.58%) Ruby
10 7 (1.23%) Apex Code
10 7 (1.23%) Java 8
10 7 (1.23%) PL/SQL
11 6 (1.06%) Perl
11 6 (1.06%) PHP
12 5 (0.88%) Shell Script
13 4 (0.70%) C#
13 4 (0.70%) PHP 5
13 4 (0.70%) PHP 7
13 4 (0.70%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 105 (18.49%) CISSP
2 79 (13.91%) Security Cleared
3 63 (11.09%) Degree
4 60 (10.56%) CISM
5 55 (9.68%) SC Cleared
6 43 (7.57%) Cisco Certification
7 36 (6.34%) Microsoft Certification
8 30 (5.28%) MCSE
9 28 (4.93%) CESG Certified Professional
10 25 (4.40%) SANS
11 24 (4.23%) CREST Certified
11 24 (4.23%) Master's Degree
12 23 (4.05%) CCNP
12 23 (4.05%) GIAC
13 22 (3.87%) Computer Science Degree
14 21 (3.70%) CISA
15 19 (3.35%) CEH
16 17 (2.99%) (ISC)2 CCSP
17 16 (2.82%) TOGAF Certification
18 15 (2.64%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (13.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 26 (4.58%) GDPR
3 25 (4.40%) PCI DSS
4 20 (3.52%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 19 (3.35%) ISO/IEC 27005
6 15 (2.64%) SLA
7 7 (1.23%) COBIT
7 7 (1.23%) Cyber Essentials
7 7 (1.23%) FISMA
8 6 (1.06%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 4 (0.70%) QA
10 2 (0.35%) Basel III
10 2 (0.35%) FIPS 140-2
10 2 (0.35%) RMADS
11 1 (0.18%) GPG13
11 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 1 (0.18%) PMO
System Software
1 256 (45.07%) Active Directory
2 123 (21.65%) Hyper-V
3 61 (10.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (4.05%) XenApp
5 12 (2.11%) vSphere
6 11 (1.94%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (1.58%) Docker
8 8 (1.41%) Microsoft App-V
9 7 (1.23%) Tivoli Directory Server
10 6 (1.06%) XenDesktop
11 4 (0.70%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.70%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.35%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
12 2 (0.35%) BitLocker
12 2 (0.35%) LXC
12 2 (0.35%) Terminal Services
13 1 (0.18%) iptables
13 1 (0.18%) vCloud
13 1 (0.18%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 126 (22.18%) SCCM
2 91 (16.02%) SCOM
3 27 (4.75%) Ansible
3 27 (4.75%) Single Sign-On
4 20 (3.52%) QRadar
5 19 (3.35%) Puppet
6 18 (3.17%) Nessus
7 17 (2.99%) Nagios
8 15 (2.64%) McAfee ePO
9 13 (2.29%) Norton AntiVirus
10 12 (2.11%) Cisco CUCM
10 12 (2.11%) Kubernetes
10 12 (2.11%) Opscode Chef
10 12 (2.11%) WSUS
11 11 (1.94%) Cisco Prime
12 10 (1.76%) Microsoft Clustering
13 7 (1.23%) CASB
13 7 (1.23%) Rundeck
13 7 (1.23%) Tivoli
13 7 (1.23%) Tivoli Identity Manager
Vendors
1 253 (44.54%) Microsoft
2 146 (25.70%) VMware
3 58 (10.21%) Cisco
4 47 (8.27%) Qualys
5 43 (7.57%) McAfee
6 42 (7.39%) Citrix
7 38 (6.69%) Splunk
8 25 (4.40%) Trend Micro
9 24 (4.23%) Fortinet
9 24 (4.23%) Oracle
10 21 (3.70%) CheckPoint
10 21 (3.70%) F5
10 21 (3.70%) Sophos
11 20 (3.52%) CA
11 20 (3.52%) Juniper
11 20 (3.52%) Symantec
12 14 (2.46%) Salesforce.com
13 12 (2.11%) HP
14 11 (1.94%) IBM
15 10 (1.76%) CommVault