Period
to 18 February 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 18 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
18 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 785 679 811
Rank change year-on-year -106 +132 +19
Permanent jobs citing PKI 424 558 537
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.24% 0.32% 0.25%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.58% 0.79% 0.60%
Number of salaries quoted 293 425 390
UK median annual salary £52,500 £57,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -7.89% +8.57% -
10th Percentile £37,000 £32,500 £38,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £80,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -6.67% +5.00% -

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 72,656 70,988 89,197
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.70% 40.65% 42.33%
Number of salaries quoted 57,054 58,029 71,630
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +6.67%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £81,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £43,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +1.18% - +6.25%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 18 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -113 387 £52,500 -7.89% 55
UK excluding London -66 243 £49,000 -6.67% 44
London -38 157 £57,500 -4.17% 14
South East -85 84 £62,500 +4.17% 12
North of England +10 74 £42,500 +11.11% 10
North West -16 45 £75,000 +50.00% 10
Midlands +13 34 £49,000 +28.95% 8
Yorkshire +29 30 £41,500 +13.70%
West Midlands +20 28 £49,000 +30.67% 6
South West +10 26 £45,000 -7.69% 8
East of England -4 13 £60,000 +20.00% 3
Scotland -32 10 £44,705 +5.81% 3
East Midlands +23 6 £75,000 +87.50% 2
Wales +11 3 £45,000 -
North East -33 1 £75,000 +78.57%

For the 6 months to 18 February 2018, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 161 (37.97%) Active Directory
2 146 (34.43%) Windows
3 141 (33.25%) Microsoft
4 118 (27.83%) Security Cleared
5 111 (26.18%) DNS
6 110 (25.94%) Firewall
7 94 (22.17%) CISSP
7 94 (22.17%) Microsoft Azure
8 93 (21.93%) Linux
9 88 (20.75%) SIEM
10 80 (18.87%) DHCP
11 79 (18.63%) Information Security
12 77 (18.16%) SC Cleared
13 75 (17.69%) Finance
14 73 (17.22%) Cybersecurity
15 71 (16.75%) ITIL
16 70 (16.51%) Cisco
16 70 (16.51%) VMware
17 64 (15.09%) Windows Server
18 63 (14.86%) Degree
19 62 (14.62%) Hyper-V
19 62 (14.62%) CISM
20 59 (13.92%) VMware Infrastructure
21 57 (13.44%) Cisco Certification
22 56 (13.21%) PowerShell
22 56 (13.21%) Data Centre
23 55 (12.97%) Office 365
24 53 (12.50%) VPN
25 52 (12.26%) Agile Software Development
26 50 (11.79%) DevOps

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (7.55%) IIS
2 24 (5.66%) MS Exchange
2 24 (5.66%) Skype for Business
3 20 (4.72%) SharePoint
4 14 (3.30%) Apache Spark
5 13 (3.07%) Apache
6 12 (2.83%) Apache Pig
6 12 (2.83%) Elasticsearch
7 9 (2.12%) Tomcat
8 7 (1.65%) Confluence
8 7 (1.65%) Exchange Server 2007
8 7 (1.65%) Exchange Server 2013
9 6 (1.42%) Exchange Server 2010
9 6 (1.42%) TPMS
10 2 (0.47%) JBoss
11 1 (0.24%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 1 (0.24%) Exchange Server 2003
11 1 (0.24%) nginx
11 1 (0.24%) WebLogic
11 1 (0.24%) WebSphere
Applications
1 6 (1.42%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.24%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.47%) R3 Corda
2 1 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 94 (22.17%) Microsoft Azure
2 55 (12.97%) Office 365
3 43 (10.14%) Amazon AWS
4 31 (7.31%) IaaS
5 29 (6.84%) SaaS
6 22 (5.19%) PaaS
7 18 (4.25%) Azure Active Directory
8 17 (4.01%) Mimecast
9 16 (3.77%) AWS CloudFormation
10 10 (2.36%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 8 (1.89%) Cloud Computing
12 6 (1.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 6 (1.42%) Amazon EC2
12 6 (1.42%) Amazon S3
12 6 (1.42%) Google Cloud Platform
13 4 (0.94%) Cloudflare
14 3 (0.71%) Amazon SQS
15 2 (0.47%) G Suite
15 2 (0.47%) OneDrive
16 1 (0.24%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 111 (26.18%) DNS
2 110 (25.94%) Firewall
3 80 (18.87%) DHCP
4 53 (12.50%) VPN
5 47 (11.08%) TCP/IP
6 46 (10.85%) IPsec
7 45 (10.61%) Network Security
8 39 (9.20%) Cisco ASA
9 31 (7.31%) LAN
10 28 (6.60%) SAN
10 28 (6.60%) SSL
11 23 (5.42%) Kerberos
11 23 (5.42%) WAN
12 22 (5.19%) HTTP
13 21 (4.95%) SNMP
14 18 (4.25%) BGP
14 18 (4.25%) Wireless
15 17 (4.01%) Cisco Nexus
15 17 (4.01%) DKIM
15 17 (4.01%) DMARC
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (7.78%) Amazon RDS
2 23 (5.42%) Relational Database
2 23 (5.42%) SQL Server
3 22 (5.19%) MySQL
4 20 (4.72%) RDBMS
5 18 (4.25%) MongoDB
6 16 (3.77%) Big Data
7 15 (3.54%) Hadoop
8 14 (3.30%) Apache Hive
9 11 (2.59%) NoSQL
10 6 (1.42%) Oracle Database
10 6 (1.42%) PostgreSQL
11 5 (1.18%) SQL Server 2008
12 3 (0.71%) Blockchain
12 3 (0.71%) Redis
13 2 (0.47%) Apache Cassandra
13 2 (0.47%) BusinessObjects
13 2 (0.47%) PowerCenter
13 2 (0.47%) SQL Server 2014
13 2 (0.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 17 (4.01%) Git (software)
2 10 (2.36%) Maven
3 9 (2.12%) VSS/SourceSafe
4 8 (1.89%) Jenkins
4 8 (1.89%) JIRA
5 7 (1.65%) Ant
6 6 (1.42%) TeamCity
7 5 (1.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 5 (1.18%) Fiddler
7 5 (1.18%) Octopus Deploy
8 4 (0.94%) Metasploit
8 4 (0.94%) Subversion
9 3 (0.71%) MSI
10 2 (0.47%) Bitbucket
10 2 (0.47%) Visual Studio
11 1 (0.24%) CircleCI
11 1 (0.24%) GitLab
11 1 (0.24%) Sonatype Nexus
11 1 (0.24%) Vagrant
11 1 (0.24%) WiX
General
1 75 (17.69%) Finance
2 36 (8.49%) Banking
3 15 (3.54%) Telecoms
4 13 (3.07%) Law
5 12 (2.83%) Retail
6 11 (2.59%) Investment Banking
7 10 (2.36%) Legal
8 9 (2.12%) Marketing
9 6 (1.42%) Pharmaceutical
10 4 (0.94%) Advertising
11 3 (0.71%) Back Office
11 3 (0.71%) Financial Institution
11 3 (0.71%) Italian Language
11 3 (0.71%) Military
12 2 (0.47%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.24%) Games
13 1 (0.24%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 61 (14.39%) Architect
2 60 (14.15%) Consultant
3 47 (11.08%) Security Engineer
4 44 (10.38%) Analyst
5 38 (8.96%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 38 (8.96%) Security Architect
6 25 (5.90%) Security Analyst
7 24 (5.66%) Software Engineer
8 23 (5.42%) Security Consultant
9 20 (4.72%) Data Consultant
9 20 (4.72%) Security Specialist
10 19 (4.48%) Systems Engineer
11 18 (4.25%) Azure Consultant
11 18 (4.25%) Data Protection Consultant
11 18 (4.25%) GDPR Consultant
11 18 (4.25%) Network Engineer
11 18 (4.25%) Network Specialist
12 17 (4.01%) Developer
12 17 (4.01%) Office 365 Consultant
13 14 (3.30%) Security Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (8.25%) LDAP
2 33 (7.78%) SAML
3 28 (6.60%) Web Services
4 24 (5.66%) OAuth
5 22 (5.19%) HTML
6 21 (4.95%) 802.1X
7 20 (4.72%) REST
8 19 (4.48%) OpenID
8 19 (4.48%) XML
9 18 (4.25%) JSON
10 17 (4.01%) Java EE
10 17 (4.01%) Middleware
10 17 (4.01%) Spring
11 16 (3.77%) AngularJS
11 16 (3.77%) Apache Camel
11 16 (3.77%) Hibernate
12 15 (3.54%) CSS
12 15 (3.54%) HTML5
12 15 (3.54%) LAMP
12 15 (3.54%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 56 (13.21%) Data Centre
2 39 (9.20%) Management Information System
3 34 (8.02%) Analytical Skills
4 29 (6.84%) Smart Meter
5 27 (6.37%) Computer Science
6 22 (5.19%) Clustering
7 17 (4.01%) Hybrid Cloud
8 16 (3.77%) Public Cloud
9 13 (3.07%) Algorithms
9 13 (3.07%) CESG
10 12 (2.83%) Security Operations Centre
11 11 (2.59%) Linux Command Line
12 9 (2.12%) Cyber Defence
12 9 (2.12%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 9 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
12 9 (2.12%) Enterprise Storage
13 8 (1.89%) Fintech
13 8 (1.89%) NHS
14 7 (1.65%) Data Structures
15 6 (1.42%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 146 (34.43%) Windows
2 93 (21.93%) Linux
3 64 (15.09%) Windows Server
4 42 (9.91%) Windows Server 2012
5 38 (8.96%) Unix
6 22 (5.19%) Windows Server 2008
7 13 (3.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (2.83%) CentOS
8 12 (2.83%) Windows 10
9 11 (2.59%) Ubuntu
10 9 (2.12%) Debian
11 7 (1.65%) Kali Linux
12 6 (1.42%) Mac OS X
13 5 (1.18%) AIX
14 3 (0.71%) Solaris
14 3 (0.71%) Windows 7
15 2 (0.47%) Apple iOS
15 2 (0.47%) Windows Server 2003
16 1 (0.24%) CatOS
16 1 (0.24%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 88 (20.75%) SIEM
2 79 (18.63%) Information Security
3 73 (17.22%) Cybersecurity
4 71 (16.75%) ITIL
5 52 (12.26%) Agile Software Development
6 50 (11.79%) DevOps
7 49 (11.56%) Identity Management
8 47 (11.08%) Security Architecture
9 45 (10.61%) Identity Access Management
10 44 (10.38%) Mobile Device Management
11 43 (10.14%) TOGAF
12 41 (9.67%) Data Loss Prevention
12 41 (9.67%) Data Protection
12 41 (9.67%) Risk Management
13 40 (9.43%) Security Operations
14 37 (8.73%) Penetration Testing
14 37 (8.73%) Software Engineering
15 31 (7.31%) Cryptography
16 30 (7.08%) Kalman Filter
16 30 (7.08%) Operations Management
Programming Languages
1 56 (13.21%) PowerShell
2 48 (11.32%) Java
3 34 (8.02%) SQL
4 26 (6.13%) Python
5 23 (5.42%) C
6 21 (4.95%) Perl
7 18 (4.25%) JavaScript
8 16 (3.77%) Ruby
8 16 (3.77%) VBScript
9 15 (3.54%) C++
10 14 (3.30%) Shell Script
11 10 (2.36%) C#
12 5 (1.18%) Bash Shell
13 3 (0.71%) PL/SQL
14 2 (0.47%) BeanShell
14 2 (0.47%) Go
14 2 (0.47%) PHP
15 1 (0.24%) Assembly Language
15 1 (0.24%) Clojure
15 1 (0.24%) Erlang
Qualifications
1 118 (27.83%) Security Cleared
2 94 (22.17%) CISSP
3 77 (18.16%) SC Cleared
4 63 (14.86%) Degree
5 62 (14.62%) CISM
6 57 (13.44%) Cisco Certification
7 46 (10.85%) CCNP
8 44 (10.38%) Microsoft Certification
9 37 (8.73%) MCSE
10 36 (8.49%) CISA
11 34 (8.02%) GIAC
12 33 (7.78%) SANS
13 28 (6.60%) DV Cleared
14 24 (5.66%) SSCP
15 22 (5.19%) CCIE
15 22 (5.19%) CEH
16 21 (4.95%) CESG Certified Professional
17 20 (4.72%) CompTIA Security+
18 19 (4.48%) CSSLP
19 18 (4.25%) CCDP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (10.85%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 38 (8.96%) GDPR
3 36 (8.49%) PCI DSS
4 17 (4.01%) SLA
5 13 (3.07%) QA
6 11 (2.59%) Cyber Essentials
7 9 (2.12%) COBIT
8 8 (1.89%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 6 (1.42%) ISO 31000
10 4 (0.94%) GAMP
10 4 (0.94%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 4 (0.94%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.71%) FIPS 140-2
11 3 (0.71%) GPG13
11 3 (0.71%) PMO
12 2 (0.47%) HL7
13 1 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 1 (0.24%) HIPAA
13 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 1 (0.24%) PSD2
System Software
1 161 (37.97%) Active Directory
2 62 (14.62%) Hyper-V
3 59 (13.92%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (3.30%) vSphere
5 12 (2.83%) Docker
5 12 (2.83%) XenDesktop
6 11 (2.59%) Firmware
7 9 (2.12%) Snort
7 9 (2.12%) XenApp
8 8 (1.89%) XenServer
9 6 (1.42%) pfSense
9 6 (1.42%) Virtual Machines
10 4 (0.94%) Microsoft App-V
10 4 (0.94%) VMware NSX
11 3 (0.71%) BitLocker
11 3 (0.71%) vCloud
11 3 (0.71%) VMware Workstation
12 2 (0.47%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
12 2 (0.47%) ProxySG
12 2 (0.47%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 36 (8.49%) SCCM
2 34 (8.02%) Single Sign-On
3 28 (6.60%) Puppet
4 23 (5.42%) Microsoft Intune
5 21 (4.95%) Opscode Chef
5 21 (4.95%) SCOM
6 18 (4.25%) Forefront Identity Manager
7 13 (3.07%) Nessus
8 11 (2.59%) Backup Exec
8 11 (2.59%) Terraform
9 10 (2.36%) FortiGate
9 10 (2.36%) WSUS
10 9 (2.12%) Ansible
11 7 (1.65%) Kubernetes
11 7 (1.65%) McAfee ePO
11 7 (1.65%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
11 7 (1.65%) PowerCLI
12 6 (1.42%) OpenVAS
12 6 (1.42%) OSSEC
13 5 (1.18%) ServiceCenter
Vendors
1 141 (33.25%) Microsoft
2 70 (16.51%) Cisco
2 70 (16.51%) VMware
3 40 (9.43%) Juniper
4 32 (7.55%) HP
4 32 (7.55%) Oracle
5 31 (7.31%) F5
6 26 (6.13%) McAfee
7 24 (5.66%) CheckPoint
8 21 (4.95%) Forcepoint
9 19 (4.48%) Red Hat
10 17 (4.01%) ArcSight
11 16 (3.77%) Fortinet
11 16 (3.77%) NetApp
11 16 (3.77%) Veeam
12 15 (3.54%) SolarWinds
13 13 (3.07%) Citrix
14 12 (2.83%) CA
14 12 (2.83%) Dell
14 12 (2.83%) Palo Alto