Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 17 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
17 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 800 689 513
Rank change year-on-year -111 -176 +185
Permanent jobs citing PKI 463 333 263
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.28% 0.29% 0.43%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.60% 0.70% 1.16%
Number of salaries quoted 322 223 202
10th Percentile £37,500 £40,000 £38,000
25th Percentile £46,999 £45,000 £49,438
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £58,875
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% -6.58% +2.39%
75th Percentile £72,500 £67,750 £82,500
90th Percentile £89,750 £82,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

PKI is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 77,126 47,398 22,658
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 46.32% 41.03% 36.84%
Number of salaries quoted 33,607 28,602 18,039
10th Percentile £34,500 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -
75th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £97,500 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,606 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.21% +5.26% +5.56%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 17 August 2022.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 17 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -62 400 £60,000 +9.09% 64
UK excluding London -7 246 £55,000 - 54
Work from Home -161 160 £61,757 -14.82% 22
London -122 152 £66,250 +17.78% 13
South East -18 111 £62,500 - 25
East of England -4 62 £55,000 +13.40% 9
North of England -36 33 £39,519 -35.48% 5
North West -38 23 £52,500 -19.23% 4
South West -34 16 £65,000 +18.18% 7
Midlands -78 16 £45,000 -5.26% 3
East Midlands -8 11 £45,000 +8.43%
North East -1 8 £35,000 -
Scotland -35 8 £45,000 -18.18% 2
West Midlands -49 5 £66,250 +39.47% 3
Yorkshire -29 2 £52,500 -8.70% 1

For the 6 months to 17 August 2022, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 201 (43.41%) Azure
2 186 (40.17%) Active Directory
3 174 (37.58%) Microsoft
3 174 (37.58%) Windows
4 166 (35.85%) DNS
5 159 (34.34%) Social Skills
6 135 (29.16%) AWS
7 128 (27.65%) ITIL
7 128 (27.65%) Firewall
8 120 (25.92%) Security Cleared
9 119 (25.70%) Azure Active Directory
10 118 (25.49%) Linux
11 116 (25.05%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 110 (23.76%) VMware
13 107 (23.11%) DHCP
14 93 (20.09%) Cybersecurity
15 90 (19.44%) Microsoft 365
16 89 (19.22%) Windows Server
17 88 (19.01%) PowerShell
18 83 (17.93%) Customer Service
19 81 (17.49%) Agile
20 80 (17.28%) Identity Management
21 78 (16.85%) VMware Infrastructure
22 75 (16.20%) SC Cleared
22 75 (16.20%) Service Delivery
23 72 (15.55%) DevOps
24 69 (14.90%) Cisco
25 66 (14.25%) SLA
25 66 (14.25%) PaaS
26 65 (14.04%) IaaS

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (4.97%) Exchange Server 2013
2 22 (4.75%) IIS
3 19 (4.10%) SharePoint
4 15 (3.24%) MS Exchange
4 15 (3.24%) Skype for Business
5 12 (2.59%) WebSphere
5 12 (2.59%) WebSphere Application Server
6 6 (1.30%) Apache Spark
7 4 (0.86%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 3 (0.65%) Confluence
8 3 (0.65%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.43%) Anypoint
9 2 (0.43%) Mule
9 2 (0.43%) nginx
9 2 (0.43%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.22%) Ethereum
10 1 (0.22%) GemFire
10 1 (0.22%) Hyperledger
10 1 (0.22%) Solana
10 1 (0.22%) Traefik
Applications
1 9 (1.94%) EngageOne
2 8 (1.73%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.86%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (1.08%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.43%) R3 Corda
3 1 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.22%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 201 (43.41%) Azure
2 135 (29.16%) AWS
3 119 (25.70%) Azure Active Directory
4 90 (19.44%) Microsoft 365
5 66 (14.25%) PaaS
6 65 (14.04%) IaaS
7 42 (9.07%) GCP
8 30 (6.48%) SaaS
9 21 (4.54%) Cloud Computing
10 10 (2.16%) Azure Monitor
11 9 (1.94%) Power Platform
12 7 (1.51%) OpenShift
13 5 (1.08%) Amazon S3
13 5 (1.08%) OneDrive
14 3 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
14 3 (0.65%) Azure Service Bus
14 3 (0.65%) Azure Stack
14 3 (0.65%) Azure Storage
14 3 (0.65%) Route 53
14 3 (0.65%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 166 (35.85%) DNS
2 128 (27.65%) Firewall
3 107 (23.11%) DHCP
4 51 (11.02%) TCP/IP
5 44 (9.50%) VPN
6 40 (8.64%) Network Security
7 39 (8.42%) LAN
8 38 (8.21%) SSL
9 29 (6.26%) WAN
9 29 (6.26%) Wireless
10 27 (5.83%) HTTP
11 23 (4.97%) WLAN
12 20 (4.32%) Cisco ISE
13 18 (3.89%) SAN
14 17 (3.67%) X.509
15 16 (3.46%) Skype
15 16 (3.46%) Wi-Fi
16 15 (3.24%) NetScaler
17 14 (3.02%) Cisco Wireless
17 14 (3.02%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (13.39%) SQL Server
2 30 (6.48%) PostgreSQL
3 19 (4.10%) MongoDB
4 17 (3.67%) MySQL
5 8 (1.73%) MariaDB
6 6 (1.30%) Hadoop
6 6 (1.30%) NoSQL
7 4 (0.86%) InfluxDB
8 3 (0.65%) Power BI
8 3 (0.65%) RDBMS
8 3 (0.65%) Relational Database
9 2 (0.43%) Big Data
9 2 (0.43%) BigQuery
9 2 (0.43%) Data Lake
9 2 (0.43%) Data Warehouse
9 2 (0.43%) Redis
9 2 (0.43%) Tableau
10 1 (0.22%) Azure SQL Database
10 1 (0.22%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 24 (5.18%) Git (software)
2 9 (1.94%) Jenkins
3 8 (1.73%) JIRA
4 6 (1.30%) GitLab
5 4 (0.86%) PHPUnit
6 3 (0.65%) AutoIt
6 3 (0.65%) Burp Suite
6 3 (0.65%) Metasploit
7 1 (0.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 1 (0.22%) git-flow
7 1 (0.22%) jspm
7 1 (0.22%) Maven
7 1 (0.22%) Mercurial
7 1 (0.22%) Rational Rhapsody
7 1 (0.22%) Subversion
General
1 159 (34.34%) Social Skills
2 48 (10.37%) Finance
3 34 (7.34%) Telecoms
4 28 (6.05%) Organisational Skills
5 23 (4.97%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 17 (3.67%) Marketing
7 16 (3.46%) Analytical Skills
8 15 (3.24%) Banking
8 15 (3.24%) Public Sector
9 13 (2.81%) Retail
10 11 (2.38%) Law
11 10 (2.16%) Legal
12 9 (1.94%) German Language
12 9 (1.94%) Police
13 8 (1.73%) Fire and Rescue
14 5 (1.08%) French Language
14 5 (1.08%) Manufacturing
14 5 (1.08%) Spanish Language
15 4 (0.86%) Local Government
15 4 (0.86%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 87 (18.79%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 47 (10.15%) Security Engineer
3 41 (8.86%) Consultant
4 40 (8.64%) Applications Engineer
5 35 (7.56%) Developer
6 34 (7.34%) 3rd Line Engineer
6 34 (7.34%) Cloud Engineer
7 31 (6.70%) Analyst
8 28 (6.05%) NOC Engineer
8 28 (6.05%) Security Consultant
9 27 (5.83%) Network Engineer
10 24 (5.18%) IT Engineer
11 23 (4.97%) Architect
11 23 (4.97%) IT Security Engineer
12 20 (4.32%) Principal Engineer
13 19 (4.10%) Senior Developer
14 18 (3.89%) Network Specialist
14 18 (3.89%) Software Engineer
14 18 (3.89%) Support Engineer
15 16 (3.46%) Azure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 55 (11.88%) LDAP
2 39 (8.42%) REST
3 31 (6.70%) SAML
4 25 (5.40%) React
5 16 (3.46%) POSIX
6 15 (3.24%) 802.1X
6 15 (3.24%) AngularJS
6 15 (3.24%) RESTful
7 14 (3.02%) Node.js
7 14 (3.02%) Vue.js
8 12 (2.59%) .NET
9 11 (2.38%) SOAP
10 10 (2.16%) COM
10 10 (2.16%) CSS
10 10 (2.16%) HTML
11 7 (1.51%) .NET Framework
11 7 (1.51%) Kafka
12 6 (1.30%) Elastic Stack
13 4 (0.86%) RAML
13 4 (0.86%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 56 (12.10%) Management Information System
2 53 (11.45%) Replication
3 40 (8.64%) Public Cloud
4 31 (6.70%) Data Centre
5 28 (6.05%) IoT
6 21 (4.54%) Clustering
7 20 (4.32%) Greenfield Project
8 15 (3.24%) Self-Motivation
9 14 (3.02%) NHS
9 14 (3.02%) Private Cloud
9 14 (3.02%) User Experience
10 13 (2.81%) Algorithms
10 13 (2.81%) Client/Server
11 11 (2.38%) Data Protection Act
12 10 (2.16%) Cyberthreat
12 10 (2.16%) Data Structures
13 8 (1.73%) Hybrid Cloud
14 7 (1.51%) Hedge funds
15 6 (1.30%) Equities
15 6 (1.30%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 174 (37.58%) Windows
2 118 (25.49%) Linux
3 89 (19.22%) Windows Server
4 57 (12.31%) Windows Server 2012
5 28 (6.05%) Unix
6 23 (4.97%) Windows Server 2019
7 17 (3.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 17 (3.67%) Windows Server 2016
8 16 (3.46%) Ubuntu
8 16 (3.46%) Windows 10
9 14 (3.02%) Windows Server 2008
10 8 (1.73%) CentOS
11 5 (1.08%) Debian
12 4 (0.86%) Windows Server 2003
13 2 (0.43%) Android
13 2 (0.43%) Apple iOS
14 1 (0.22%) AIX
14 1 (0.22%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.22%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.22%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 128 (27.65%) ITIL
2 116 (25.05%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 93 (20.09%) Cybersecurity
4 83 (17.93%) Customer Service
5 81 (17.49%) Agile
6 80 (17.28%) Identity Management
7 75 (16.20%) Service Delivery
8 72 (15.55%) DevOps
9 56 (12.10%) SIEM
10 51 (11.02%) Information Security
11 50 (10.80%) Incident Management
12 47 (10.15%) Computer Science
13 44 (9.50%) Problem-Solving
14 43 (9.29%) Software Engineering
15 40 (8.64%) Mentoring
16 35 (7.56%) Change Management
16 35 (7.56%) Project Delivery
17 33 (7.13%) Identity Access Management
17 33 (7.13%) Infrastructure as Code
18 32 (6.91%) Data Loss Prevention
Programming Languages
1 88 (19.01%) PowerShell
2 57 (12.31%) Python
3 38 (8.21%) Go
4 31 (6.70%) Java
4 31 (6.70%) SQL
5 30 (6.48%) C++
6 27 (5.83%) Rust
7 23 (4.97%) Bash
8 18 (3.89%) VB
9 14 (3.02%) TypeScript
10 12 (2.59%) C#
11 7 (1.51%) JavaScript
11 7 (1.51%) Kotlin
11 7 (1.51%) VBScript
12 4 (0.86%) PHP
13 3 (0.65%) C
13 3 (0.65%) Perl
14 2 (0.43%) Objective-C
15 1 (0.22%) R
15 1 (0.22%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 120 (25.92%) Security Cleared
2 75 (16.20%) SC Cleared
3 59 (12.74%) Degree
4 50 (10.80%) DV Cleared
5 37 (7.99%) CISSP
6 34 (7.34%) Azure Certification
6 34 (7.34%) Computer Science Degree
7 28 (6.05%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 24 (5.18%) Cisco Certification
9 23 (4.97%) CEH
10 14 (3.02%) AWS Certification
11 12 (2.59%) CRISC
12 11 (2.38%) CISM
13 10 (2.16%) CCNA
13 10 (2.16%) Microsoft Certification
14 9 (1.94%) BPSS Clearance
15 8 (1.73%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 7 (1.51%) CCNP
16 7 (1.51%) OSCP
17 6 (1.30%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (14.25%) SLA
2 41 (8.86%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 36 (7.78%) QA
4 24 (5.18%) NCSC
5 21 (4.54%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 18 (3.89%) RMADS
7 11 (2.38%) GDPR
7 11 (2.38%) PCI DSS
8 10 (2.16%) NIST
9 9 (1.94%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 6 (1.30%) Accessibility
11 4 (0.86%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.65%) Cyber Essentials
12 3 (0.65%) JSP 440
13 2 (0.43%) GRC
13 2 (0.43%) HMG Infosec
14 1 (0.22%) HIPAA
System Software
1 186 (40.17%) Active Directory
2 78 (16.85%) VMware Infrastructure
3 45 (9.72%) Docker
4 34 (7.34%) Hyper-V
5 33 (7.13%) vSphere
6 22 (4.75%) Virtual Desktop
7 16 (3.46%) VMware ESXi
8 14 (3.02%) Virtual Machines
9 9 (1.94%) XenDesktop
10 8 (1.73%) BitLocker
11 4 (0.86%) Virtual Servers
12 3 (0.65%) XenApp
13 2 (0.43%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 2 (0.43%) Terminal Services
14 1 (0.22%) NFS
14 1 (0.22%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 52 (11.23%) SCCM
2 42 (9.07%) Microsoft Intune
3 35 (7.56%) Active Directory Federation Services
4 34 (7.34%) Kubernetes
4 34 (7.34%) Single Sign-On
5 27 (5.83%) Ansible
6 23 (4.97%) SCVMM
7 21 (4.54%) Terraform
7 21 (4.54%) WSUS
8 17 (3.67%) Nexpose
9 16 (3.46%) Microsoft Clustering
10 14 (3.02%) Puppet
11 13 (2.81%) SCOM
12 11 (2.38%) Failover Clustering
12 11 (2.38%) McAfee ePO
12 11 (2.38%) Norton AntiVirus
13 10 (2.16%) vCenter Server
14 9 (1.94%) VxRail
14 9 (1.94%) yum
15 8 (1.73%) EMC NetWorker
Vendors
1 174 (37.58%) Microsoft
2 110 (23.76%) VMware
3 69 (14.90%) Cisco
4 48 (10.37%) Citrix
5 30 (6.48%) Google
6 27 (5.83%) F5
6 27 (5.83%) Palo Alto
7 25 (5.40%) CheckPoint
8 23 (4.97%) Dell
9 22 (4.75%) Gemalto
10 19 (4.10%) Splunk
11 17 (3.67%) Centrify
12 15 (3.24%) Red Hat
13 14 (3.02%) NetApp
14 13 (2.81%) Fortinet
14 13 (2.81%) McAfee
15 12 (2.59%) IBM
15 12 (2.59%) Juniper
15 12 (2.59%) Symantec
16 11 (2.38%) HP