Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that cited PKI over the 6 months leading up to 17 July 2024, comparing them to the same period in the previous two years.

6 months to
17 Jul 2024
Same period 2023 Same period 2022
Rank 522 601 847
Rank change year-on-year +79 +246 -166
Permanent jobs citing PKI 408 305 480
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.41% 0.36% 0.27%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.22% 0.87% 0.55%
Number of salaries quoted 276 197 317
10th Percentile £43,227 £42,500 £34,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £50,000 £46,470
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year -15.38% +8.33% -
75th Percentile £67,968 £87,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £91,250 £102,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -4.55% - -

All Generic Skills
UK

PKI falls under the General and Transferable Skills category. For comparison with the information above, the following table provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies requiring generic IT skills.

Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 33,476 34,864 87,202
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 33.48% 41.33% 48.60%
Number of salaries quoted 20,923 21,342 36,477
10th Percentile £29,000 £35,377 £34,500
25th Percentile £39,885 £46,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £64,029 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year -14.10% +2.45% +4.17%
75th Percentile £76,250 £85,000 £83,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £107,500 £102,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year -9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 17 July 2024.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 17 July 2024. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +103 371 £55,000 -15.38% 34
UK excluding London +37 286 £52,500 -4.55% 33
Work from Home +110 193 £55,000 -25.17% 39
London +97 115 £70,000 -6.67% 5
South East +5 101 £56,525 -23.10% 7
South West +30 58 £50,000 -28.57% 13
North of England +50 51 £62,641 +4.40% 7
Midlands -29 50 £44,225 -11.55% 2
North West +20 34 £62,500 -39.02% 4
West Midlands +8 33 £49,114 -29.84% 2
Scotland -40 17 £52,500 -34.38%
East Midlands -42 17 £44,225 -6.90%
Yorkshire +42 14 £62,500 -1.96% 2
North East -16 9 £62,500 +73.61% 1
Wales +12 7 - - 2
Northern Ireland - 7 - -
East of England -26 4 £62,500 +13.64% 3

PKI
Co-occurring Skills and Capabilities by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same employment type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (7.11%) Microsoft Exchange
2 7 (1.72%) IIS
2 7 (1.72%) SharePoint
3 5 (1.23%) OpenStack
4 3 (0.74%) Skype for Business
5 2 (0.49%) Exchange Server 2010
6 1 (0.25%) Apache
6 1 (0.25%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
6 1 (0.25%) Confluence
6 1 (0.25%) nginx
Applications
1 10 (2.45%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.23%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.25%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 208 (50.98%) Azure
2 142 (34.80%) AWS
3 135 (33.09%) Microsoft 365
4 96 (23.53%) GCP
5 84 (20.59%) SaaS
6 67 (16.42%) Entra ID
7 23 (5.64%) Azure Monitor
8 19 (4.66%) Azure Storage
9 17 (4.17%) Cloud Computing
10 12 (2.94%) AWS KMS
10 12 (2.94%) Azure Key Vault
11 6 (1.47%) PaaS
12 5 (1.23%) IaaS
13 4 (0.98%) Cloudflare
14 3 (0.74%) Power Platform
15 2 (0.49%) AWS Direct Connect
15 2 (0.49%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 2 (0.49%) Azure Sentinel
15 2 (0.49%) Nutanix
15 2 (0.49%) Rubrik
Communications & Networking
1 105 (25.74%) DNS
2 87 (21.32%) Firewall
3 70 (17.16%) DHCP
4 60 (14.71%) WAN
5 52 (12.75%) LAN
6 40 (9.80%) VPN
7 33 (8.09%) IPsec
8 29 (7.11%) Wireless
9 28 (6.86%) Wi-Fi
10 27 (6.62%) SAN
11 22 (5.39%) IPv4
11 22 (5.39%) IPv6
12 19 (4.66%) Network Security
13 17 (4.17%) Internet
14 15 (3.68%) BGP
14 15 (3.68%) VSAN
15 10 (2.45%) SSL
16 9 (2.21%) Skype
17 8 (1.96%) MPLS
17 8 (1.96%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (2.70%) PostgreSQL
2 9 (2.21%) SQL Server
3 6 (1.47%) MySQL
4 5 (1.23%) InfluxDB
4 5 (1.23%) MariaDB
5 4 (0.98%) Amazon RDS
5 4 (0.98%) Elasticsearch
5 4 (0.98%) Redis
6 3 (0.74%) Power BI
7 1 (0.25%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 14 (3.43%) Jenkins
2 6 (1.47%) Git
2 6 (1.47%) Robot Framework
2 6 (1.47%) Sonatype Nexus
3 5 (1.23%) MSI
4 4 (0.98%) JIRA
5 3 (0.74%) GitLab
6 1 (0.25%) Bitbucket
General
1 81 (19.85%) Presentation Skills
2 62 (15.20%) Social Skills
3 42 (10.29%) Finance
4 28 (6.86%) Public Sector
5 12 (2.94%) Aerospace
6 10 (2.45%) Law
7 9 (2.21%) Analytical Skills
7 9 (2.21%) Legal
8 7 (1.72%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 6 (1.47%) Military
9 6 (1.47%) Police
10 4 (0.98%) Documentation Skills
11 3 (0.74%) Organisational Skills
11 3 (0.74%) Telecoms
12 2 (0.49%) Banking
12 2 (0.49%) Electronics
12 2 (0.49%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.25%) Back Office
13 1 (0.25%) Games
13 1 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 110 (26.96%) Architect
2 81 (19.85%) Cloud Architect
3 62 (15.20%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 52 (12.75%) Senior
5 50 (12.25%) Administrator
6 45 (11.03%) Systems Administrator
7 30 (7.35%) Security Engineer
8 29 (7.11%) Network Engineer
8 29 (7.11%) Wintel Administrator
8 29 (7.11%) Wintel Systems Administrator
9 25 (6.13%) Senior Infrastructure Engineer
10 24 (5.88%) Security Architect
11 23 (5.64%) Active Directory Specialist
11 23 (5.64%) Azure Specialist
12 18 (4.41%) Infrastructure Support
12 18 (4.41%) Infrastructure Support Engineer
12 18 (4.41%) Support Engineer
13 17 (4.17%) Active Directory Support
13 17 (4.17%) Support Specialist
14 16 (3.92%) VMware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (4.66%) ARM Templates
2 18 (4.41%) .NET
3 9 (2.21%) EJB
4 6 (1.47%) Web Services
5 5 (1.23%) OAuth
6 4 (0.98%) .NET Core
6 4 (0.98%) ASP.NET Web API
7 3 (0.74%) Micronaut
7 3 (0.74%) OAuth2
7 3 (0.74%) OpenID
7 3 (0.74%) Quarkus
7 3 (0.74%) RESTful
7 3 (0.74%) Spring
7 3 (0.74%) Spring Boot
7 3 (0.74%) web3js
8 2 (0.49%) 802.1X
8 2 (0.49%) GTK
8 2 (0.49%) LAMP
8 2 (0.49%) SAML
8 2 (0.49%) V-Ray
Miscellaneous
1 99 (24.26%) Public Cloud
2 29 (7.11%) Data Centre
3 26 (6.37%) Clustering
4 21 (5.15%) Self-Motivation
5 20 (4.90%) Management Information System
6 19 (4.66%) Hybrid Cloud
7 16 (3.92%) Enterprise Software
8 14 (3.43%) Greenfield Project
9 9 (2.21%) NHS
10 8 (1.96%) Client/Server
11 7 (1.72%) Product Ownership
12 5 (1.23%) Fat Client
12 5 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
12 5 (1.23%) Thin Client
13 4 (0.98%) Cyberattack
13 4 (0.98%) Enterprise Storage
13 4 (0.98%) Onboarding
14 3 (0.74%) Cloud Native
14 3 (0.74%) Distributed Systems
14 3 (0.74%) Web3
Operating Systems
1 176 (43.14%) Windows
2 108 (26.47%) Windows Server
3 98 (24.02%) Linux
4 35 (8.58%) Windows Server 2016
4 35 (8.58%) Windows Server 2019
5 32 (7.84%) Windows Server 2012
6 15 (3.68%) Android
6 15 (3.68%) Apple iOS
7 14 (3.43%) Windows 10
8 12 (2.94%) Ubuntu
9 10 (2.45%) CentOS
9 10 (2.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 5 (1.23%) Debian
11 3 (0.74%) Windows Server 2008
12 2 (0.49%) Unix
13 1 (0.25%) Data ONTAP
13 1 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
13 1 (0.25%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 92 (22.55%) Project Management
2 91 (22.30%) Actionable Insight
3 89 (21.81%) TOGAF
4 87 (21.32%) Migration
5 85 (20.83%) Configuration Management
6 84 (20.59%) Presales
7 81 (19.85%) Application Virtualisation
8 76 (18.63%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 65 (15.93%) DevOps
10 57 (13.97%) Cybersecurity
11 55 (13.48%) Agile
12 54 (13.24%) ITIL
13 53 (12.99%) Identity Management
14 33 (8.09%) Cryptography
14 33 (8.09%) Infrastructure as Code
14 33 (8.09%) Problem-Solving
15 29 (7.11%) Mentoring
15 29 (7.11%) Privileged Identity Management
16 27 (6.62%) CI/CD
16 27 (6.62%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 82 (20.10%) PowerShell
2 40 (9.80%) VB
3 37 (9.07%) Python
4 26 (6.37%) C#
5 24 (5.88%) Bash
6 23 (5.64%) C
6 23 (5.64%) VBScript
7 17 (4.17%) ActionScript
7 17 (4.17%) Bicep
8 11 (2.70%) SQL
9 8 (1.96%) Java
10 7 (1.72%) C++
11 5 (1.23%) Perl
12 2 (0.49%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 138 (33.82%) Security Cleared
2 96 (23.53%) DV Cleared
3 66 (16.18%) Degree
4 30 (7.35%) SC Cleared
5 21 (5.15%) CISSP
6 17 (4.17%) Cisco Certification
6 17 (4.17%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 15 (3.68%) CISM
8 14 (3.43%) CCNA
9 13 (3.19%) Microsoft Certification
10 10 (2.45%) GIAC
11 9 (2.21%) CRISC
11 9 (2.21%) DBS Check
11 9 (2.21%) ISSMP
12 8 (1.96%) Master's Degree
13 6 (1.47%) MCSA
13 6 (1.47%) MCSE
14 4 (0.98%) CEH
14 4 (0.98%) CISMP
14 4 (0.98%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (3.92%) SLA
2 13 (3.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 12 (2.94%) GDPR
4 9 (2.21%) COBIT
4 9 (2.21%) Cyber Essentials
5 8 (1.96%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 4 (0.98%) NIST
7 3 (0.74%) NCSC
8 2 (0.49%) PMO
9 1 (0.25%) GRC
9 1 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 1 (0.25%) JTAG
9 1 (0.25%) NIST 800
9 1 (0.25%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.25%) SOC 2
System Software
1 132 (32.35%) Active Directory
2 72 (17.65%) VMware Infrastructure
3 52 (12.75%) vSphere
4 39 (9.56%) VMware ESXi
5 21 (5.15%) Virtual Machines
6 20 (4.90%) XenApp
7 19 (4.66%) Hyper-V
7 19 (4.66%) Virtual Desktop
7 19 (4.66%) VMware NSX
8 18 (4.41%) Docker
9 17 (4.17%) OpenSSH
10 8 (1.96%) VMware Server
11 7 (1.72%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 4 (0.98%) Virtual Servers
13 3 (0.74%) XenDesktop
14 2 (0.49%) pfSense
14 2 (0.49%) Terminal Services
15 1 (0.25%) Firmware
15 1 (0.25%) NFS
15 1 (0.25%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 36 (8.82%) Active Directory Federation Services
2 35 (8.58%) Ansible
3 33 (8.09%) Kubernetes
4 30 (7.35%) Single Sign-On
5 28 (6.86%) SCCM
5 28 (6.86%) Terraform
6 24 (5.88%) vCenter Server
7 23 (5.64%) SCOM
7 23 (5.64%) WSUS
8 21 (5.15%) Microsoft Intune
9 19 (4.66%) PowerCLI
10 17 (4.17%) IBM BigFix
11 12 (2.94%) CA Single Sign-On
12 5 (1.23%) Puppet
12 5 (1.23%) Red Hat Spacewalk
12 5 (1.23%) SCOrch
12 5 (1.23%) WMI
13 4 (0.98%) Failover Clustering
13 4 (0.98%) Microsoft Clustering
13 4 (0.98%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
Vendors
1 221 (54.17%) Microsoft
2 89 (21.81%) Google
3 84 (20.59%) VMware
4 24 (5.88%) Citrix
5 19 (4.66%) Juniper
6 18 (4.41%) ServiceNow
7 17 (4.17%) Fortinet
7 17 (4.17%) IBM
8 16 (3.92%) CyberArk
9 14 (3.43%) Cisco
9 14 (3.43%) SolarWinds
10 12 (2.94%) CA
11 9 (2.21%) Alibaba
11 9 (2.21%) HP
12 7 (1.72%) Dell
12 7 (1.72%) Red Hat
12 7 (1.72%) Splunk
13 6 (1.47%) NetApp
14 4 (0.98%) Sophos
14 4 (0.98%) Veeam