Period
to 25 September 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 25 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 588 773 685
Rank change year-on-year +185 -88 +226
Permanent jobs citing PKI 687 438 653
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.41% 0.25% 0.34%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.94% 0.56% 0.80%
Number of salaries quoted 568 335 471
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% -4.35% -
10th Percentile £42,500 £36,450 £37,500
90th Percentile £86,250 £88,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £50,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +15.00% -4.76% +5.00%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 73,420 78,566 81,696
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.83% 44.53% 42.68%
Number of salaries quoted 56,785 59,089 67,011
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £28,000 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing PKI.

Salary trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Salary histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +143 605 £59,000 +7.27% 72
UK excluding London +169 414 £57,500 +15.00% 52
London +86 242 £60,000 +2.13% 25
South East +20 136 £60,000 - 17
North of England +56 78 £55,000 +18.92% 10
Midlands +61 63 £57,500 +15.00% 7
North West +28 52 £60,000 +26.32% 7
Scotland +29 47 £65,000 +52.05%
East of England +52 46 £50,000 +11.11% 4
West Midlands +53 43 £57,500 +15.00% 4
South West +24 32 £60,000 +26.32% 9
Yorkshire +42 24 £45,000 +8.43% 3
East Midlands +28 20 £45,000 - 3
Wales +13 12 £42,500 +28.64% 5
Northern Ireland - 2 £66,250 -
North East - 2 £82,500 -

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, IT jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 312 (45.41%) Firewall
2 253 (36.83%) Windows
3 241 (35.08%) Active Directory
4 230 (33.48%) Network Security
5 228 (33.19%) Microsoft
6 209 (30.42%) DNS
7 206 (29.99%) SIEM
8 197 (28.68%) Cybersecurity
9 188 (27.37%) PowerShell
10 171 (24.89%) Microsoft Azure
10 171 (24.89%) DHCP
11 163 (23.73%) Windows Server
12 159 (23.14%) Office 365
13 147 (21.40%) Agile Software Development
14 145 (21.11%) Data Loss Prevention
15 140 (20.38%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 134 (19.51%) Finance
16 134 (19.51%) Security Operations
17 129 (18.78%) Windows Server 2012
18 128 (18.63%) Information Security
18 128 (18.63%) Hyper-V
19 120 (17.47%) Windows Server 2008
20 117 (17.03%) Vulnerability Management
21 115 (16.74%) DevOps
21 115 (16.74%) Qualys
22 109 (15.87%) VMware
23 108 (15.72%) CISSP
23 108 (15.72%) Splunk
24 106 (15.43%) Security Operations Centre
25 104 (15.14%) Distributed Denial-of-Service

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (8.01%) MS Exchange
2 45 (6.55%) IIS
3 26 (3.78%) Apache
4 24 (3.49%) Tomcat
5 15 (2.18%) Exchange Server 2010
5 15 (2.18%) Exchange Server 2013
6 12 (1.75%) CMS
6 12 (1.75%) Confluence
7 11 (1.60%) SharePoint
8 8 (1.16%) Apache Spark
8 8 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
9 7 (1.02%) OpenStack
9 7 (1.02%) Skype for Business
10 3 (0.44%) nginx
11 2 (0.29%) Exchange Server 2007
11 2 (0.29%) WebLogic
12 1 (0.15%) Cloud Foundry
12 1 (0.15%) Drupal
12 1 (0.15%) JBoss
12 1 (0.15%) WebSphere
Applications
1 4 (0.58%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 2 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.15%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 171 (24.89%) Microsoft Azure
2 159 (23.14%) Office 365
3 62 (9.02%) Amazon AWS
4 55 (8.01%) IaaS
4 55 (8.01%) PaaS
5 48 (6.99%) Dynamics 365
6 40 (5.82%) Mimecast
7 28 (4.08%) Azure Active Directory
8 14 (2.04%) Google Cloud Platform
9 10 (1.46%) Cloud Computing
9 10 (1.46%) SaaS
10 8 (1.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 7 (1.02%) AWS CloudFormation
12 6 (0.87%) Amazon EC2
13 5 (0.73%) Amazon S3
13 5 (0.73%) Amazon SQS
14 3 (0.44%) Mailgun
15 1 (0.15%) Azure Functions
15 1 (0.15%) Fastly
15 1 (0.15%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 312 (45.41%) Firewall
2 230 (33.48%) Network Security
3 209 (30.42%) DNS
4 171 (24.89%) DHCP
5 82 (11.94%) IPsec
6 76 (11.06%) VPN
7 40 (5.82%) Cisco ASA
8 38 (5.53%) Intrusion Detection
9 36 (5.24%) OSPF
10 35 (5.09%) BGP
11 34 (4.95%) Cisco Nexus
12 33 (4.80%) TCP/IP
13 32 (4.66%) Skype
14 31 (4.51%) FWSM
15 30 (4.37%) DKIM
15 30 (4.37%) DMARC
15 30 (4.37%) Internet
16 22 (3.20%) Kerberos
16 22 (3.20%) WAN
17 19 (2.77%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 37 (5.39%) SQL Server
2 19 (2.77%) Big Data
3 13 (1.89%) MongoDB
4 10 (1.46%) Amazon RDS
5 9 (1.31%) Hadoop
5 9 (1.31%) SQL Server 2012
6 8 (1.16%) Apache Accumulo
6 8 (1.16%) Apache Hive
6 8 (1.16%) Impala
6 8 (1.16%) PostgreSQL
6 8 (1.16%) Sqoop
7 6 (0.87%) Oracle Database
7 6 (0.87%) Relational Database
7 6 (0.87%) SQL Server 2014
8 5 (0.73%) MySQL
8 5 (0.73%) SQL Server 2016
8 5 (0.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 4 (0.58%) Power BI
9 4 (0.58%) RDBMS
9 4 (0.58%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 32 (4.66%) VSS/SourceSafe
2 19 (2.77%) JIRA
3 15 (2.18%) Jenkins
4 12 (1.75%) Fiddler
5 9 (1.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 9 (1.31%) Git (software)
6 8 (1.16%) Octopus Deploy
7 5 (0.73%) TeamCity
8 4 (0.58%) Bitbucket
8 4 (0.58%) Maven
9 3 (0.44%) Artifactory
9 3 (0.44%) InstallShield
9 3 (0.44%) Subversion
10 2 (0.29%) Ant
10 2 (0.29%) MSI
10 2 (0.29%) NeoLoad
10 2 (0.29%) Selenium
10 2 (0.29%) Team Foundation Server
10 2 (0.29%) Trac
10 2 (0.29%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 134 (19.51%) Finance
2 35 (5.09%) Banking
3 22 (3.20%) Telecoms
4 18 (2.62%) Investment Banking
5 12 (1.75%) Financial Institution
5 12 (1.75%) Law
5 12 (1.75%) Military
6 8 (1.16%) Retail
7 6 (0.87%) Marketing
8 4 (0.58%) Automotive
8 4 (0.58%) Electronics
8 4 (0.58%) Legal
9 2 (0.29%) Manufacturing
9 2 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.15%) Advertising
10 1 (0.15%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 163 (23.73%) Consultant
2 136 (19.80%) Security Consultant
3 115 (16.74%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 94 (13.68%) Architect
5 68 (9.90%) IT Consultant
5 68 (9.90%) IT Security Consultant
6 64 (9.32%) Security Architect
7 57 (8.30%) Security Engineer
8 44 (6.40%) Cybersecurity Consultant
9 39 (5.68%) Active Directory Engineer
9 39 (5.68%) Analyst
9 39 (5.68%) Senior Consultant
9 39 (5.68%) Senior Security Consultant
10 37 (5.39%) Azure Engineer
10 37 (5.39%) Senior IT Consultant
10 37 (5.39%) Senior IT Security Consultant
11 35 (5.09%) Network Engineer
12 29 (4.22%) Managing Consultant
13 26 (3.78%) Infrastructure Specialist
13 26 (3.78%) Windows Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (6.40%) LDAP
2 28 (4.08%) SAML
3 27 (3.93%) Web Services
4 23 (3.35%) OAuth
5 22 (3.20%) OpenID
6 19 (2.77%) .NET
7 15 (2.18%) HTML
7 15 (2.18%) REST
7 15 (2.18%) XML
8 14 (2.04%) Middleware
8 14 (2.04%) Servlets
8 14 (2.04%) Spring
9 13 (1.89%) Java EE
9 13 (1.89%) jQuery
10 12 (1.75%) Apache Camel
10 12 (1.75%) Hibernate
11 9 (1.31%) .NET Core
11 9 (1.31%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 6 (0.87%) CGI
12 6 (0.87%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 106 (15.43%) Security Operations Centre
2 104 (15.14%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
3 93 (13.54%) Data Centre
4 69 (10.04%) Self-Motivation
5 55 (8.01%) Analytical Skills
6 46 (6.70%) Management Information System
7 32 (4.66%) Public Cloud
8 24 (3.49%) CESG
9 23 (3.35%) Enterprise Software
10 19 (2.77%) Computer Science
11 17 (2.47%) Cyberthreat
12 15 (2.18%) Clustering
13 12 (1.75%) Smart Meter
13 12 (1.75%) Smartcard
14 9 (1.31%) Fintech
15 8 (1.16%) Algorithms
15 8 (1.16%) Private Cloud
16 6 (0.87%) Cyberattack
17 5 (0.73%) Enterprise Cloud
18 4 (0.58%) Enterprise Storage
Operating Systems
1 253 (36.83%) Windows
2 163 (23.73%) Windows Server
3 129 (18.78%) Windows Server 2012
4 120 (17.47%) Windows Server 2008
5 89 (12.95%) Linux
6 78 (11.35%) Windows 10
7 35 (5.09%) Unix
8 18 (2.62%) Solaris
9 6 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 5 (0.73%) Android
10 5 (0.73%) Apple iOS
10 5 (0.73%) CentOS
11 4 (0.58%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.58%) Windows 7
11 4 (0.58%) Windows Server 2003
12 3 (0.44%) OpenBSD
13 2 (0.29%) Windows 8
14 1 (0.15%) CatOS
14 1 (0.15%) Kali Linux
14 1 (0.15%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 206 (29.99%) SIEM
2 197 (28.68%) Cybersecurity
3 147 (21.40%) Agile Software Development
4 145 (21.11%) Data Loss Prevention
5 140 (20.38%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 134 (19.51%) Security Operations
7 128 (18.63%) Information Security
8 117 (17.03%) Vulnerability Management
9 115 (16.74%) DevOps
10 103 (14.99%) Migration
11 96 (13.97%) Scrum
11 96 (13.97%) Threat Management
12 76 (11.06%) ITIL
13 71 (10.33%) Security Architecture
14 64 (9.32%) Continuous Improvement
14 64 (9.32%) Identity Management
15 63 (9.17%) Load Balancing
16 59 (8.59%) Problem-Solving
17 58 (8.44%) Cryptography
18 55 (8.01%) Network Virtualisation
Programming Languages
1 188 (27.37%) PowerShell
2 50 (7.28%) SQL
3 45 (6.55%) Java
4 29 (4.22%) C
5 28 (4.08%) Python
6 26 (3.78%) C#
7 20 (2.91%) Bash Shell
8 19 (2.77%) Shell Script
9 16 (2.33%) C++
9 16 (2.33%) Perl
10 14 (2.04%) JavaScript
11 13 (1.89%) Ruby
12 10 (1.46%) PL/SQL
13 7 (1.02%) Go
14 5 (0.73%) T-SQL
15 2 (0.29%) CLIST
15 2 (0.29%) Java 8
15 2 (0.29%) JCL
15 2 (0.29%) REXX
16 1 (0.15%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 108 (15.72%) CISSP
2 70 (10.19%) CISM
2 70 (10.19%) Security Cleared
3 67 (9.75%) Degree
4 66 (9.61%) Cisco Certification
5 48 (6.99%) CCNP
6 40 (5.82%) SANS
7 37 (5.39%) CESG Certified Professional
7 37 (5.39%) CISA
7 37 (5.39%) Microsoft Certification
8 34 (4.95%) GIAC
9 30 (4.37%) MCSE
9 30 (4.37%) SC Cleared
10 27 (3.93%) SSCP
11 25 (3.64%) CompTIA Security+
12 23 (3.35%) DV Cleared
13 21 (3.06%) Master's Degree
14 18 (2.62%) CREST Certified
15 17 (2.47%) CSSLP
16 16 (2.33%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (8.88%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 37 (5.39%) GDPR
3 30 (4.37%) PCI DSS
4 17 (2.47%) FISMA
5 15 (2.18%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 10 (1.46%) Cyber Essentials
6 10 (1.46%) SLA
7 7 (1.02%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 7 (1.02%) QA
8 5 (0.73%) COBIT
9 4 (0.58%) GPG13
10 3 (0.44%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 2 (0.29%) ECSS
11 2 (0.29%) FIPS 140-2
11 2 (0.29%) ISAE 3402
11 2 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.15%) Basel III
12 1 (0.15%) Data Quality
12 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 1 (0.15%) PMO
System Software
1 241 (35.08%) Active Directory
2 128 (18.63%) Hyper-V
3 62 (9.02%) VMware Infrastructure
4 32 (4.66%) Docker
5 17 (2.47%) vSphere
6 16 (2.33%) Virtual Machines
6 16 (2.33%) XenApp
7 14 (2.04%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
8 12 (1.75%) Microsoft App-V
9 8 (1.16%) Apache Flume
9 8 (1.16%) HDFS
10 6 (0.87%) BitLocker
11 5 (0.73%) Virtual Servers
11 5 (0.73%) VMware ESXi
11 5 (0.73%) XenDesktop
12 4 (0.58%) VMware NSX
13 3 (0.44%) OpenDJ
13 3 (0.44%) OpenIDM
14 2 (0.29%) Job Entry Subsystem
14 2 (0.29%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 98 (14.26%) QRadar
2 72 (10.48%) SCCM
3 57 (8.30%) SCOM
4 28 (4.08%) McAfee ePO
5 25 (3.64%) Single Sign-On
6 22 (3.20%) Kubernetes
7 20 (2.91%) Norton AntiVirus
8 13 (1.89%) Ansible
9 11 (1.60%) Nessus
10 10 (1.46%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
11 8 (1.16%) Consul
11 8 (1.16%) Docker Swarm
11 8 (1.16%) Opscode Chef
11 8 (1.16%) WSUS
12 7 (1.02%) CASB
12 7 (1.02%) Puppet
12 7 (1.02%) SCOrch
13 6 (0.87%) Microsoft Clustering
14 5 (0.73%) Failover Clustering
14 5 (0.73%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 228 (33.19%) Microsoft
2 115 (16.74%) Qualys
3 109 (15.87%) VMware
4 108 (15.72%) Splunk
5 85 (12.37%) Cisco
6 47 (6.84%) McAfee
7 46 (6.70%) CheckPoint
8 40 (5.82%) Juniper
9 39 (5.68%) F5
10 37 (5.39%) Fortinet
11 30 (4.37%) Forcepoint
12 27 (3.93%) Citrix
13 26 (3.78%) Symantec
13 26 (3.78%) Trend Micro
14 22 (3.20%) Sophos
15 17 (2.47%) Oracle
16 14 (2.04%) CA
16 14 (2.04%) ForgeRock
16 14 (2.04%) Google
17 12 (1.75%) Intel