Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Internet
UK
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 253 187 182
Rank change year-on-year -66 -5 +5
Permanent jobs citing Internet 1,047 2,136 2,858
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.27% 1.88% 1.92%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 9.79% 12.47% 12.58%
Number of salaries quoted 699 1,619 2,121
10th Percentile £28,250 £26,250 £25,000
25th Percentile £37,500 £32,500 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
75th Percentile £67,750 £67,500 £62,500
90th Percentile £79,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% +4.94%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 10,695 17,131 22,725
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.96% 15.09% 15.26%
Number of salaries quoted 8,145 13,689 17,689
10th Percentile £28,500 £26,250 £26,250
25th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £33,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £65,500 £63,750 £62,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Salary trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the UK over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -70 953 £50,196 +0.39% 337
UK excluding London -70 591 £45,000 +4.65% 228
London -75 339 £57,500 -4.17% 130
Work from Home -73 244 £55,000 +10.00% 62
South West +4 178 £47,500 +5.56% 33
North of England -24 134 £43,000 -14.00% 53
South East -67 131 £50,000 +11.11% 55
Yorkshire +10 86 £43,000 -11.79% 8
East of England -24 59 £38,500 -9.41% 13
Midlands -122 49 £38,500 -5.41% 53
North West -47 38 £48,750 -2.50% 37
West Midlands -102 34 £37,500 -11.76% 37
Scotland -8 29 £60,000 +26.05% 17
East Midlands -4 15 £38,500 +2.67% 16
North East +9 10 £40,000 +33.33% 8
Northern Ireland +6 8 £40,000 -20.00% 3
Wales +10 3 £31,000 -34.74% 1

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Internet.

1 303 (28.94%) Agile Software Development
2 219 (20.92%) Python
3 205 (19.58%) Microsoft
4 203 (19.39%) Azure
5 202 (19.29%) Degree
6 199 (19.01%) JavaScript
6 199 (19.01%) Internet of Things
7 189 (18.05%) Linux
7 189 (18.05%) Software Engineering
8 178 (17.00%) Firewall
9 176 (16.81%) AWS
10 174 (16.62%) Windows
11 160 (15.28%) Java
12 155 (14.80%) DevOps
13 143 (13.66%) Docker
13 143 (13.66%) Problem-Solving
14 130 (12.42%) Cisco
14 130 (12.42%) DNS
15 125 (11.94%) Oracle
15 125 (11.94%) Active Directory
16 122 (11.65%) Computer Science
17 120 (11.46%) VMware
18 117 (11.17%) Data Centre
19 114 (10.89%) Kubernetes
19 114 (10.89%) SQL
20 110 (10.51%) Analytics
21 109 (10.41%) Big Data
22 107 (10.22%) Mentoring
23 105 (10.03%) React
23 105 (10.03%) WAN

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (4.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 36 (3.44%) Apache
3 31 (2.96%) IIS
4 27 (2.58%) nginx
5 23 (2.20%) MS Exchange
6 22 (2.10%) SharePoint
7 20 (1.91%) Tomcat
8 19 (1.81%) Apache Spark
9 17 (1.62%) OpenStack
10 14 (1.34%) Confluence
11 11 (1.05%) ejabberd
11 11 (1.05%) WordPress
12 9 (0.86%) Elasticsearch
13 6 (0.57%) WebLogic
14 5 (0.48%) CMS
15 4 (0.38%) SharePoint Server
15 4 (0.38%) Skype for Business
16 3 (0.29%) Apache Airflow
16 3 (0.29%) Drupal
16 3 (0.29%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 36 (3.44%) Microsoft Office
2 25 (2.39%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (1.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.67%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.29%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.096%) Acrobat
7 1 (0.096%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.096%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.096%) EngageOne
7 1 (0.096%) Figma
7 1 (0.096%) InDesign
7 1 (0.096%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.096%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 8 (0.76%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.29%) Magento
2 3 (0.29%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.19%) Sage 200
3 2 (0.19%) SAP CRM
3 2 (0.19%) SAP ERP
3 2 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.096%) Maximo
4 1 (0.096%) Oracle Assets
4 1 (0.096%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.096%) Oracle CRM
4 1 (0.096%) Oracle E-Business Tax
4 1 (0.096%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.096%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.096%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.096%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.096%) PlanetPress Connect
4 1 (0.096%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.096%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 203 (19.39%) Azure
2 176 (16.81%) AWS
3 86 (8.21%) Microsoft 365
3 86 (8.21%) SaaS
4 49 (4.68%) GCP
5 48 (4.58%) Cloud Computing
5 48 (4.58%) IaaS
6 43 (4.11%) PaaS
7 27 (2.58%) Azure Active Directory
8 23 (2.20%) GitHub
9 20 (1.91%) Power Platform
10 14 (1.34%) Serverless
11 12 (1.15%) AWS Lambda
11 12 (1.15%) PowerApps
12 11 (1.05%) Amazon EC2
12 11 (1.05%) npm
13 10 (0.96%) Amazon S3
13 10 (0.96%) Google Workspace
14 9 (0.86%) Azure Functions
15 8 (0.76%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 178 (17.00%) Firewall
2 130 (12.42%) DNS
3 105 (10.03%) WAN
3 105 (10.03%) Wireless
4 100 (9.55%) LAN
5 97 (9.26%) VPN
6 89 (8.50%) MPLS
7 80 (7.64%) DHCP
8 76 (7.26%) TCP/IP
9 70 (6.69%) VLAN
10 66 (6.30%) BGP
10 66 (6.30%) Wi-Fi
11 56 (5.35%) Ethernet
12 49 (4.68%) Network Security
13 46 (4.39%) OSPF
14 44 (4.20%) HTTP
15 38 (3.63%) IPv6
16 36 (3.44%) IPv4
17 34 (3.25%) VoIP
18 29 (2.77%) 3GPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (10.41%) Big Data
2 79 (7.55%) SQL Server
3 41 (3.92%) MySQL
4 28 (2.67%) NoSQL
5 22 (2.10%) Relational Database
6 18 (1.72%) PostgreSQL
7 15 (1.43%) Oracle Database
7 15 (1.43%) Redis
8 13 (1.24%) Hadoop
9 10 (0.96%) Apache Cassandra
9 10 (0.96%) Data Lake
9 10 (0.96%) Oracle Exadata
9 10 (0.96%) Oracle Reports
9 10 (0.96%) Power BI
10 9 (0.86%) Blockchain
11 8 (0.76%) RDBMS
12 7 (0.67%) Data Warehouse
13 6 (0.57%) CouchDB
13 6 (0.57%) Flink
14 5 (0.48%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 69 (6.59%) Git (software)
2 33 (3.15%) JIRA
3 31 (2.96%) Jenkins
4 12 (1.15%) Cypress.io
4 12 (1.15%) PHPUnit
5 11 (1.05%) webpack
6 8 (0.76%) Maven
7 7 (0.67%) NUnit
7 7 (0.67%) Selenium
7 7 (0.67%) TeamCity
8 6 (0.57%) fastlane
8 6 (0.57%) Visual Studio
9 5 (0.48%) Bitbucket
9 5 (0.48%) GCC
10 4 (0.38%) CircleCI
10 4 (0.38%) Cucumber
10 4 (0.38%) GitLab
10 4 (0.38%) Gradle
10 4 (0.38%) Postman
10 4 (0.38%) RSpec
General
1 85 (8.12%) Finance
2 57 (5.44%) Telecoms
3 48 (4.58%) Electronics
4 43 (4.11%) Marketing
5 38 (3.63%) Local Government
6 37 (3.53%) Public Sector
7 31 (2.96%) Retail
8 22 (2.10%) Games
9 20 (1.91%) Legal
10 18 (1.72%) Banking
11 15 (1.43%) Law
11 15 (1.43%) Manufacturing
12 10 (0.96%) Aerospace
13 9 (0.86%) Back Office
14 8 (0.76%) Automotive
14 8 (0.76%) Publishing
15 6 (0.57%) Advertising
15 6 (0.57%) French Language
15 6 (0.57%) Police
16 5 (0.48%) German Language
Job Titles
1 221 (21.11%) Developer
2 84 (8.02%) Network Engineer
3 68 (6.49%) Cloud Engineer
4 59 (5.64%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 59 (5.64%) Software Engineer
5 55 (5.25%) Architect
5 55 (5.25%) Cloud Developer
6 48 (4.58%) Systems Engineer
7 47 (4.49%) DevOps Engineer
8 46 (4.39%) Analyst
8 46 (4.39%) Consultant
9 42 (4.01%) Senior Developer
10 37 (3.53%) Security Engineer
11 34 (3.25%) Full Stack Developer
11 34 (3.25%) IT Engineer
11 34 (3.25%) Software Developer
12 32 (3.06%) IT Support
13 27 (2.58%) Azure Engineer
13 27 (2.58%) Support Technician
14 26 (2.48%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 105 (10.03%) React
2 97 (9.26%) CSS
3 95 (9.07%) HTML
3 95 (9.07%) Web Services
4 79 (7.55%) RESTful
5 66 (6.30%) Node.js
6 64 (6.11%) AngularJS
7 61 (5.83%) .NET
8 45 (4.30%) REST
9 41 (3.92%) 802.1X
10 33 (3.15%) Vue.js
11 30 (2.87%) Elastic Stack
12 27 (2.58%) .NET Core
13 24 (2.29%) .NET Framework
14 23 (2.20%) Apache Flex
14 23 (2.20%) JSON
15 22 (2.10%) HTML5
15 22 (2.10%) SOAP
16 21 (2.01%) Laravel
17 20 (1.91%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 199 (19.01%) Internet of Things
2 117 (11.17%) Data Centre
3 97 (9.26%) Analytical Skills
4 76 (7.26%) Management Information System
5 74 (7.07%) Algorithms
6 64 (6.11%) Public Cloud
7 62 (5.92%) User Experience
8 51 (4.87%) Self-Motivation
9 50 (4.78%) Mobile App
10 47 (4.49%) Data Structures
11 31 (2.96%) Enterprise Software
12 27 (2.58%) Smart Home
13 23 (2.20%) Cloud Native
14 19 (1.81%) Driving Licence
14 19 (1.81%) Greenfield Project
15 18 (1.72%) Replication
16 15 (1.43%) Home Automation
16 15 (1.43%) Virtual Team
17 14 (1.34%) Video\Live Streaming
18 12 (1.15%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 189 (18.05%) Linux
2 174 (16.62%) Windows
3 59 (5.64%) Windows Server
4 56 (5.35%) Android
5 46 (4.39%) Apple iOS
6 39 (3.72%) Windows 10
7 31 (2.96%) Unix
8 23 (2.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 23 (2.20%) Windows 7
8 23 (2.20%) Windows Server 2008
9 21 (2.01%) Debian
9 21 (2.01%) Windows Server 2012
10 16 (1.53%) CentOS
11 15 (1.43%) Ubuntu
12 14 (1.34%) Embedded Linux
13 13 (1.24%) Windows Server 2016
14 11 (1.05%) Windows Server 2019
15 8 (0.76%) Fedora
16 7 (0.67%) Mac OS X
17 5 (0.48%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 303 (28.94%) Agile Software Development
2 189 (18.05%) Software Engineering
3 155 (14.80%) DevOps
4 143 (13.66%) Problem-Solving
5 122 (11.65%) Computer Science
6 110 (10.51%) Analytics
7 107 (10.22%) Mentoring
8 93 (8.88%) Cybersecurity
9 86 (8.21%) Microservices
10 75 (7.16%) ITIL
10 75 (7.16%) Project Management
11 72 (6.88%) Data Science
12 71 (6.78%) Coaching
13 70 (6.69%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 70 (6.69%) Machine Learning
14 68 (6.49%) Use Case
15 67 (6.40%) Continuous Integration
15 67 (6.40%) Scrum
16 56 (5.35%) Load Balancing
17 55 (5.25%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 219 (20.92%) Python
2 199 (19.01%) JavaScript
3 160 (15.28%) Java
4 114 (10.89%) SQL
5 100 (9.55%) C#
6 89 (8.50%) PowerShell
7 88 (8.40%) TypeScript
8 78 (7.45%) C
9 76 (7.26%) Go
10 60 (5.73%) Perl
11 55 (5.25%) PHP
11 55 (5.25%) Ruby
12 39 (3.72%) Shell Script
13 36 (3.44%) Bash Shell
14 30 (2.87%) C++
15 18 (1.72%) ES6
16 13 (1.24%) Embedded C++
17 10 (0.96%) Rust
17 10 (0.96%) Scala
18 8 (0.76%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 202 (19.29%) Degree
2 88 (8.40%) Computer Science Degree
3 84 (8.02%) Security Cleared
4 64 (6.11%) Cisco Certification
5 59 (5.64%) Master's Degree
6 53 (5.06%) SC Cleared
7 44 (4.20%) CCNP
8 41 (3.92%) CCNA
9 29 (2.77%) DV Cleared
10 21 (2.01%) CISSP
11 18 (1.72%) Microsoft Certification
12 14 (1.34%) DBS Check
13 10 (0.96%) BPSS Clearance
14 8 (0.76%) CCIE
14 8 (0.76%) CISM
14 8 (0.76%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 6 (0.57%) CISA
15 6 (0.57%) JNCIS
15 6 (0.57%) MCITP
15 6 (0.57%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (5.06%) QA
2 31 (2.96%) SLA
3 23 (2.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 14 (1.34%) GDPR
5 13 (1.24%) GRC
6 10 (0.96%) PCI DSS
7 8 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 7 (0.67%) OASIS TOSCA
9 5 (0.48%) ISO 22301
9 5 (0.48%) SOC 2
10 4 (0.38%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 4 (0.38%) NIST
10 4 (0.38%) PMO
10 4 (0.38%) RMADS
11 3 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.19%) Actionable Recommendations
12 2 (0.19%) Cyber Essentials
12 2 (0.19%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 2 (0.19%) Data Quality
12 2 (0.19%) NCSC
System Software
1 143 (13.66%) Docker
2 125 (11.94%) Active Directory
3 81 (7.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 49 (4.68%) KVM
5 33 (3.15%) Firmware
6 24 (2.29%) Hyper-V
7 14 (1.34%) iptables
7 14 (1.34%) QEMU
8 13 (1.24%) Kamailio
8 13 (1.24%) vSphere
8 13 (1.24%) XenDesktop
9 11 (1.05%) Postfix
10 10 (0.96%) Oracle RAC
11 9 (0.86%) Xen
12 8 (0.76%) VMware ESXi
13 6 (0.57%) Terminal Services
13 6 (0.57%) XenApp
14 4 (0.38%) NDS
14 4 (0.38%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 4 (0.38%) Samba
Systems Management
1 114 (10.89%) Kubernetes
2 55 (5.25%) Puppet
3 45 (4.30%) Ansible
4 38 (3.63%) Opscode Chef
5 32 (3.06%) Terraform
6 20 (1.91%) ZABBIX
7 19 (1.81%) CFEngine
7 19 (1.81%) Demisto
8 16 (1.53%) HAProxy
9 14 (1.34%) Galera Cluster
9 14 (1.34%) SCCM
10 11 (1.05%) NetBackup
11 10 (0.96%) Data Guard
11 10 (0.96%) FortiGate
11 10 (0.96%) Microsoft Intune
11 10 (0.96%) Oracle RMAN
12 9 (0.86%) Nagios
13 8 (0.76%) Norton AntiVirus
13 8 (0.76%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
14 7 (0.67%) Nessus
Vendors
1 205 (19.58%) Microsoft
2 130 (12.42%) Cisco
3 125 (11.94%) Oracle
4 120 (11.46%) VMware
5 87 (8.31%) Google
6 78 (7.45%) Juniper
7 54 (5.16%) Citrix
8 42 (4.01%) Palo Alto
9 39 (3.72%) HP
10 36 (3.44%) PagerDuty
11 31 (2.96%) ServiceNow
12 28 (2.67%) CheckPoint
13 26 (2.48%) Splunk
14 24 (2.29%) Mitel
15 22 (2.10%) Xamarin
16 20 (1.91%) Red Hat
17 19 (1.81%) ArcSight
17 19 (1.81%) EMC
18 18 (1.72%) SonicWALL
19 15 (1.43%) Apple