Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Internet
UK
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 252 219 189
Rank change year-on-year -33 -30 -1
Permanent jobs citing Internet 1,685 760 2,727
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.37% 1.58% 1.96%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.60% 10.15% 12.46%
Number of salaries quoted 1,012 634 1,987
10th Percentile £29,048 £31,500 £25,000
25th Percentile £36,250 £41,000 £34,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,098 £53,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year -6.36% +18.89% -10.00%
75th Percentile £70,000 £71,250 £65,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £87,125 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £50,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year -10.00% +17.65% -5.56%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 15,903 7,484 21,890
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.93% 15.57% 15.70%
Number of salaries quoted 11,000 6,096 16,830
10th Percentile £27,500 £30,592 £25,689
25th Percentile £36,250 £38,000 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £52,500 £45,500
Median % change year-on-year -4.76% +15.38% -4.21%
75th Percentile £68,750 £68,750 £62,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Salary trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the UK over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 1,506 £50,000 -6.54% 416
UK excluding London -30 904 £45,000 -10.00% 307
London -72 642 £60,750 -2.80% 128
Work from Home -88 330 £52,500 -8.70% 67
North of England -20 239 £45,000 - 79
South East -40 234 £50,000 -13.04% 59
South West -41 163 £45,000 -21.74% 45
North West -39 118 £45,000 - 49
Midlands -81 115 £37,500 -25.00% 59
Yorkshire -31 104 £45,000 -1.10% 24
East of England -49 80 £37,500 +7.14% 40
West Midlands -86 63 £45,000 -14.29% 32
East Midlands -45 52 £32,500 -23.53% 25
North East +1 37 £45,000 +35.34% 6
Scotland -84 37 £66,500 +47.78% 14
Wales -19 31 £48,900 +24.59% 9
Northern Ireland -40 19 £40,000 -20.00% 2
Isle of Man -2 4 £37,500 +13.64%

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Internet.

1 549 (32.58%) Social Skills
2 388 (23.03%) Agile Software Development
3 357 (21.19%) JavaScript
4 323 (19.17%) Microsoft
5 316 (18.75%) AWS
6 301 (17.86%) Azure
7 269 (15.96%) Problem-Solving
8 268 (15.91%) HTML
9 266 (15.79%) Software Engineering
10 256 (15.19%) Firewall
11 244 (14.48%) Windows
12 218 (12.94%) Python
12 218 (12.94%) Degree
13 215 (12.76%) Linux
14 208 (12.34%) DNS
15 204 (12.11%) CSS
16 203 (12.05%) Docker
17 201 (11.93%) Java
18 199 (11.81%) Internet of Things
19 195 (11.57%) Cisco
20 190 (11.28%) DevOps
21 177 (10.50%) SQL
22 175 (10.39%) TCP/IP
23 173 (10.27%) Finance
24 171 (10.15%) Marketing
25 170 (10.09%) Kubernetes
26 157 (9.32%) Google
27 156 (9.26%) User Experience
28 154 (9.14%) React
29 153 (9.08%) Mentoring

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (3.38%) IBM Domino
2 50 (2.97%) SharePoint
3 49 (2.91%) IIS
4 45 (2.67%) Tomcat
5 44 (2.61%) WordPress
6 41 (2.43%) Elasticsearch
7 36 (2.14%) Apache
8 29 (1.72%) Confluence
8 29 (1.72%) nginx
9 27 (1.60%) MS Exchange
10 26 (1.54%) Apache Spark
11 21 (1.25%) JBoss
12 19 (1.13%) CMS
13 17 (1.01%) WebLogic
14 14 (0.83%) OpenStack
15 9 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 9 (0.53%) Tornado
16 8 (0.47%) Ethereum
17 7 (0.42%) LiveCycle
18 6 (0.36%) Drupal
Applications
1 118 (7.00%) Microsoft Office
2 58 (3.44%) Spreadsheet
3 51 (3.03%) Microsoft Excel
4 26 (1.54%) Figma
5 24 (1.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 12 (0.71%) Photoshop
7 10 (0.59%) MS Visio
8 9 (0.53%) Adobe Illustrator
9 7 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
10 5 (0.30%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 4 (0.24%) Adobe After Effects
11 4 (0.24%) Adobe Premiere
11 4 (0.24%) Adobe XD
11 4 (0.24%) Sketch
12 3 (0.18%) InDesign
13 2 (0.12%) OmniGraffle
14 1 (0.059%) EngageOne
14 1 (0.059%) Final Cut Pro
14 1 (0.059%) InVision
14 1 (0.059%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 27 (1.60%) Magento
2 8 (0.47%) Adobe Campaign
3 7 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
4 6 (0.36%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
5 4 (0.24%) Maximo
5 4 (0.24%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
6 3 (0.18%) Relativity
6 3 (0.18%) Sage 200
7 2 (0.12%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.12%) Shopify
8 1 (0.059%) CA PPM
8 1 (0.059%) Carpe Diem
8 1 (0.059%) Elite 3E
8 1 (0.059%) MFGPRO
8 1 (0.059%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.059%) Oracle ERP
8 1 (0.059%) PlanetPress Connect
8 1 (0.059%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 316 (18.75%) AWS
2 301 (17.86%) Azure
3 152 (9.02%) Microsoft 365
4 137 (8.13%) GCP
5 53 (3.15%) SaaS
5 53 (3.15%) Serverless
6 44 (2.61%) Cloud Computing
7 36 (2.14%) Amazon S3
7 36 (2.14%) GitHub
8 32 (1.90%) IaaS
8 32 (1.90%) npm
9 31 (1.84%) Amazon EC2
10 30 (1.78%) Azure Active Directory
11 29 (1.72%) AWS Lambda
12 27 (1.60%) Amazon SQS
13 24 (1.42%) PaaS
14 19 (1.13%) Akamai
14 19 (1.13%) Power Platform
15 16 (0.95%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 15 (0.89%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 256 (15.19%) Firewall
2 208 (12.34%) DNS
3 175 (10.39%) TCP/IP
4 143 (8.49%) MPLS
5 140 (8.31%) WAN
6 128 (7.60%) VPN
7 124 (7.36%) LAN
8 123 (7.30%) Wireless
9 99 (5.88%) BGP
10 92 (5.46%) Wi-Fi
11 91 (5.40%) HTTP
12 86 (5.10%) DHCP
13 84 (4.99%) Ethernet
14 76 (4.51%) OSPF
15 75 (4.45%) VLAN
16 60 (3.56%) Broadband
17 59 (3.50%) IPv6
18 57 (3.38%) Intranet
19 56 (3.32%) Network Security
20 49 (2.91%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 135 (8.01%) SQL Server
2 127 (7.54%) MySQL
3 104 (6.17%) Relational Database
4 62 (3.68%) NoSQL
5 60 (3.56%) Big Data
6 57 (3.38%) PostgreSQL
7 36 (2.14%) Amazon RDS
8 28 (1.66%) Hadoop
9 27 (1.60%) Apache Cassandra
10 25 (1.48%) MongoDB
11 24 (1.42%) Redis
12 23 (1.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 23 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
13 17 (1.01%) Oracle Database
14 16 (0.95%) Blockchain
14 16 (0.95%) HBase
15 15 (0.89%) Amazon Aurora
15 15 (0.89%) Apache Hive
15 15 (0.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 14 (0.83%) DB2
Development Applications
1 141 (8.37%) Git (software)
2 111 (6.59%) JIRA
3 84 (4.99%) Jenkins
4 23 (1.36%) PHPUnit
5 21 (1.25%) Selenium
6 20 (1.19%) Maven
6 20 (1.19%) Visual Studio
7 19 (1.13%) webpack
8 17 (1.01%) SoapUI
9 15 (0.89%) Bitbucket
9 15 (0.89%) Postman
10 13 (0.77%) fastlane
11 11 (0.65%) IBM UrbanCode
12 10 (0.59%) TeamCity
12 10 (0.59%) VSS/SourceSafe
13 8 (0.47%) Cypress.io
13 8 (0.47%) Eclipse
13 8 (0.47%) IntelliJ
14 7 (0.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 7 (0.42%) NUnit
General
1 549 (32.58%) Social Skills
2 173 (10.27%) Finance
3 171 (10.15%) Marketing
4 145 (8.61%) Analytical Skills
5 94 (5.58%) Banking
6 88 (5.22%) Retail
7 86 (5.10%) Telecoms
8 75 (4.45%) Presentation Skills
9 52 (3.09%) Games
10 47 (2.79%) Advertising
11 41 (2.43%) Legal
12 39 (2.31%) Public Sector
13 35 (2.08%) Organisational Skills
14 33 (1.96%) Electronics
15 32 (1.90%) Law
16 29 (1.72%) Influencing Skills
17 26 (1.54%) Manufacturing
18 25 (1.48%) Automotive
19 22 (1.31%) Documentation Skills
20 18 (1.07%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 310 (18.40%) Developer
2 119 (7.06%) Analyst
3 104 (6.17%) Software Engineer
4 87 (5.16%) Architect
5 84 (4.99%) Network Engineer
6 72 (4.27%) Senior Developer
7 57 (3.38%) Video Editor
8 56 (3.32%) Support Engineer
9 54 (3.20%) DevOps Engineer
10 53 (3.15%) Full Stack Developer
11 47 (2.79%) IT Support
12 45 (2.67%) Systems Engineer
13 43 (2.55%) Consultant
13 43 (2.55%) Development Manager
14 41 (2.43%) Java Developer
14 41 (2.43%) Support Technician
15 38 (2.26%) Site Reliability Engineer
16 36 (2.14%) Security Engineer
17 35 (2.08%) PHP Developer
18 33 (1.96%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 268 (15.91%) HTML
2 204 (12.11%) CSS
3 154 (9.14%) React
4 146 (8.66%) RESTful
5 128 (7.60%) .NET
6 126 (7.48%) Node.js
7 115 (6.82%) REST
7 115 (6.82%) Web Services
8 78 (4.63%) JSON
9 67 (3.98%) SOAP
10 65 (3.86%) Spring
11 53 (3.15%) Vue.js
12 51 (3.03%) Laravel
13 49 (2.91%) AngularJS
13 49 (2.91%) Kafka
14 48 (2.85%) Sass
15 47 (2.79%) XML
16 44 (2.61%) CSS3
17 42 (2.49%) RabbitMQ
18 41 (2.43%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 199 (11.81%) Internet of Things
2 156 (9.26%) User Experience
3 120 (7.12%) Data Centre
4 115 (6.82%) Social Media
5 102 (6.05%) Self-Motivation
6 85 (5.04%) Mobile App
7 83 (4.93%) iPhone
8 65 (3.86%) Smartphone
9 64 (3.80%) Driving Licence
10 58 (3.44%) Photography
11 54 (3.20%) Management Information System
12 49 (2.91%) Online Banking
12 49 (2.91%) Virtual Team
13 44 (2.61%) Enterprise Software
14 36 (2.14%) Cloud Native
15 35 (2.08%) Home Automation
15 35 (2.08%) Smart Home
16 34 (2.02%) Video Conferencing
17 29 (1.72%) iPad
18 28 (1.66%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 244 (14.48%) Windows
2 215 (12.76%) Linux
3 116 (6.88%) Android
4 88 (5.22%) Windows Server
5 84 (4.99%) Unix
6 76 (4.51%) Windows 10
7 75 (4.45%) Apple iOS
8 41 (2.43%) Windows Server 2012
9 36 (2.14%) Windows 7
10 33 (1.96%) Windows Server 2019
11 32 (1.90%) Windows Server 2016
12 25 (1.48%) Mac OS X
13 20 (1.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 19 (1.13%) Windows 8
14 19 (1.13%) Windows Server 2008
15 15 (0.89%) Debian
16 14 (0.83%) Fedora
17 11 (0.65%) CentOS
17 11 (0.65%) Embedded Linux
18 5 (0.30%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 388 (23.03%) Agile Software Development
2 269 (15.96%) Problem-Solving
3 266 (15.79%) Software Engineering
4 190 (11.28%) DevOps
5 153 (9.08%) Analytics
5 153 (9.08%) Mentoring
6 143 (8.49%) Full Stack Development
7 140 (8.31%) Artificial Intelligence
8 126 (7.48%) OO
8 126 (7.48%) Project Management
9 125 (7.42%) Computer Science
10 119 (7.06%) Cybersecurity
11 114 (6.77%) Continuous Improvement
12 113 (6.71%) Microservices
13 111 (6.59%) Test Automation
14 110 (6.53%) Scrum
15 102 (6.05%) ITIL
16 97 (5.76%) Coaching
16 97 (5.76%) Workflow
17 90 (5.34%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 357 (21.19%) JavaScript
2 218 (12.94%) Python
3 201 (11.93%) Java
4 177 (10.50%) SQL
5 146 (8.66%) C#
6 114 (6.77%) PHP
7 85 (5.04%) TypeScript
8 80 (4.75%) PowerShell
9 78 (4.63%) C++
10 70 (4.15%) C
11 63 (3.74%) ES6
12 54 (3.20%) Go
13 47 (2.79%) Bash Shell
14 37 (2.20%) R
15 34 (2.02%) Shell Script
16 27 (1.60%) Rust
17 25 (1.48%) Ruby
18 22 (1.31%) Perl
19 21 (1.25%) ES7
20 17 (1.01%) C-shell
Qualifications
1 218 (12.94%) Degree
2 84 (4.99%) Cisco Certification
3 64 (3.80%) Security Cleared
4 59 (3.50%) CCNP
5 54 (3.20%) Computer Science Degree
6 50 (2.97%) CCNA
7 36 (2.14%) SC Cleared
8 32 (1.90%) Microsoft Certification
9 26 (1.54%) CISSP
10 23 (1.36%) JNCIA
11 20 (1.19%) MCSE
12 17 (1.01%) CCIE
12 17 (1.01%) CISM
12 17 (1.01%) MCSA
13 14 (0.83%) SANS
14 13 (0.77%) ISTQB
15 12 (0.71%) DBS Check
15 12 (0.71%) PhD
16 11 (0.65%) CCIE Service Provider
17 10 (0.59%) CCDP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 72 (4.27%) QA
2 33 (1.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 32 (1.90%) SLA
4 25 (1.48%) GDPR
5 24 (1.42%) Accessibility
6 15 (0.89%) PCI DSS
7 13 (0.77%) NIST
8 8 (0.47%) PMO
8 8 (0.47%) WCAG
9 7 (0.42%) Data Quality
9 7 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 6 (0.36%) NCSC
11 5 (0.30%) HAZOP
11 5 (0.30%) IEC 61508
11 5 (0.30%) IFRS
11 5 (0.30%) ISO 26262
11 5 (0.30%) Solvency II
12 4 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
12 4 (0.24%) OASIS TOSCA
13 3 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 203 (12.05%) Docker
2 130 (7.72%) Active Directory
3 90 (5.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 51 (3.03%) Hyper-V
5 42 (2.49%) Firmware
6 16 (0.95%) KVM
7 11 (0.65%) vSphere
8 10 (0.59%) HDFS
8 10 (0.59%) iptables
9 9 (0.53%) Kamailio
10 8 (0.47%) QEMU
11 6 (0.36%) Postfix
11 6 (0.36%) Virtual Desktop
12 5 (0.30%) OpenSIPS
12 5 (0.30%) Varnish
13 4 (0.24%) BitLocker
13 4 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
13 4 (0.24%) VMware NSX
14 3 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
14 3 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 170 (10.09%) Kubernetes
2 61 (3.62%) Terraform
3 43 (2.55%) Ansible
4 27 (1.60%) ZABBIX
5 23 (1.36%) Opscode Chef
6 22 (1.31%) Puppet
7 20 (1.19%) SCCM
8 19 (1.13%) Microsoft Intune
9 15 (0.89%) Grafana
10 14 (0.83%) FortiGate
11 8 (0.47%) Cisco CUCM
11 8 (0.47%) Galera Cluster
11 8 (0.47%) Graphite
11 8 (0.47%) Graylog
11 8 (0.47%) HAProxy
11 8 (0.47%) Kibana
11 8 (0.47%) logstash
11 8 (0.47%) Nagios
11 8 (0.47%) Nmap
12 7 (0.42%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 323 (19.17%) Microsoft
2 195 (11.57%) Cisco
3 157 (9.32%) Google
4 142 (8.43%) Apple
5 116 (6.88%) VMware
6 79 (4.69%) Juniper
7 71 (4.21%) Oracle
8 56 (3.32%) Splunk
9 53 (3.15%) Palo Alto
10 40 (2.37%) Citrix
11 36 (2.14%) Facebook
12 34 (2.02%) Adobe
13 32 (1.90%) Fortinet
14 31 (1.84%) CheckPoint
15 29 (1.72%) Meraki
15 29 (1.72%) Veeam
16 27 (1.60%) Salesforce.com
17 24 (1.42%) IBM
18 23 (1.36%) Xamarin
19 22 (1.31%) ServiceNow