Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Internet
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 247 188 196
Rank change year-on-year -59 +8 -2
Permanent jobs citing Internet 1,441 1,459 2,729
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.36% 1.82% 1.89%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.88% 12.18% 12.09%
Number of salaries quoted 903 1,160 2,003
10th Percentile £28,250 £27,500 £25,000
25th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year - +11.11% -7.22%
75th Percentile £67,500 £70,000 £60,000
90th Percentile £78,750 £82,500 £75,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £43,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year -3.33% +5.88% -

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 13,245 11,983 22,567
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.54% 14.96% 15.64%
Number of salaries quoted 9,335 9,564 17,278
10th Percentile £28,500 £27,500 £26,000
25th Percentile £37,500 £35,750 £33,031
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £46,098
Median % change year-on-year - +8.47% +0.21%
75th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,850 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Internet.

Salary trend for Internet in the UK

Internet
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Internet over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Internet in the UK

Internet
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -63 1,301 £50,000 - 385
UK excluding London -39 841 £43,500 -3.33% 310
London -79 470 £57,500 -4.17% 98
Work from Home -92 292 £52,500 -4.55% 68
South West 0 226 £45,750 -3.68% 62
North of England -30 200 £43,000 -14.00% 85
South East -44 187 £46,250 -2.63% 67
Yorkshire -18 96 £43,000 -4.44% 22
North West -45 87 £45,000 -12.20% 53
Midlands -87 82 £37,500 -6.25% 47
East of England -28 80 £37,500 -11.76% 26
West Midlands -101 49 £40,000 -3.61% 32
Scotland -41 40 £61,250 +13.95% 15
East Midlands -21 33 £32,000 -14.67% 15
North East +1 17 £49,000 +13.29% 10
Northern Ireland -28 13 £37,500 -21.05% 3
Wales -13 11 £48,900 +2.95% 6
Isle of Man -12 3 £35,000 +6.06%

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Internet.

1 474 (32.89%) Social Skills
2 409 (28.38%) Agile Software Development
3 310 (21.51%) Microsoft
4 308 (21.37%) JavaScript
5 283 (19.64%) AWS
6 272 (18.88%) Azure
7 260 (18.04%) Software Engineering
8 251 (17.42%) Degree
9 250 (17.35%) Firewall
10 241 (16.72%) Docker
11 234 (16.24%) Windows
12 226 (15.68%) Linux
13 221 (15.34%) Java
14 216 (14.99%) Problem-Solving
15 213 (14.78%) Python
16 201 (13.95%) Internet of Things
17 194 (13.46%) DevOps
18 181 (12.56%) HTML
19 178 (12.35%) Cisco
20 172 (11.94%) Kubernetes
21 163 (11.31%) SQL
21 163 (11.31%) CSS
22 162 (11.24%) DNS
23 160 (11.10%) Mentoring
24 158 (10.96%) Computer Science
25 157 (10.90%) Data Centre
26 152 (10.55%) Oracle
27 150 (10.41%) Active Directory
28 142 (9.85%) LAN
29 141 (9.78%) WAN

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (3.68%) IIS
2 49 (3.40%) Apache
3 43 (2.98%) Tomcat
4 42 (2.91%) nginx
4 42 (2.91%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 31 (2.15%) SharePoint
6 29 (2.01%) MS Exchange
7 23 (1.60%) OpenStack
8 22 (1.53%) Confluence
8 22 (1.53%) Elasticsearch
9 21 (1.46%) Apache Spark
9 21 (1.46%) WordPress
10 13 (0.90%) ejabberd
11 10 (0.69%) CMS
12 6 (0.42%) Skype for Business
12 6 (0.42%) WebLogic
13 4 (0.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 4 (0.28%) Drupal
13 4 (0.28%) Exchange Server 2010
14 3 (0.21%) JBoss
Applications
1 77 (5.34%) Microsoft Office
2 47 (3.26%) Microsoft Excel
3 25 (1.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 13 (0.90%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.49%) Figma
6 4 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.28%) Photoshop
6 4 (0.28%) Sketch
7 2 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.069%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.069%) EngageOne
8 1 (0.069%) Final Cut Pro
8 1 (0.069%) InDesign
8 1 (0.069%) InVision
8 1 (0.069%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.069%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 15 (1.04%) Magento
2 8 (0.56%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 5 (0.35%) Sage 200
4 4 (0.28%) Maximo
5 3 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
5 3 (0.21%) Relativity
5 3 (0.21%) SAP ERP
5 3 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
6 2 (0.14%) SAP CRM
6 2 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.069%) Dynamics GP
7 1 (0.069%) MFGPRO
7 1 (0.069%) Oracle CRM
7 1 (0.069%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.069%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.069%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.069%) PlanetPress Connect
Cloud Services
1 283 (19.64%) AWS
2 272 (18.88%) Azure
3 133 (9.23%) Microsoft 365
4 95 (6.59%) SaaS
5 89 (6.18%) GCP
6 77 (5.34%) Cloud Computing
7 57 (3.96%) IaaS
8 42 (2.91%) GitHub
9 37 (2.57%) Azure Active Directory
10 33 (2.29%) Amazon S3
10 33 (2.29%) PaaS
11 28 (1.94%) npm
12 23 (1.60%) Amazon EC2
13 19 (1.32%) Serverless
14 15 (1.04%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 15 (1.04%) Amazon SQS
14 15 (1.04%) AWS Lambda
15 13 (0.90%) Power Platform
16 12 (0.83%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 12 (0.83%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 250 (17.35%) Firewall
2 162 (11.24%) DNS
3 142 (9.85%) LAN
4 141 (9.78%) WAN
5 136 (9.44%) VPN
6 120 (8.33%) Wireless
7 113 (7.84%) TCP/IP
8 112 (7.77%) MPLS
9 110 (7.63%) Wi-Fi
10 90 (6.25%) BGP
11 80 (5.55%) DHCP
12 74 (5.14%) HTTP
13 73 (5.07%) VLAN
14 68 (4.72%) Ethernet
15 62 (4.30%) Network Security
16 61 (4.23%) OSPF
17 52 (3.61%) Intranet
18 45 (3.12%) SMTP
19 39 (2.71%) IPv6
19 39 (2.71%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 129 (8.95%) SQL Server
2 100 (6.94%) Big Data
3 97 (6.73%) MySQL
4 48 (3.33%) Relational Database
5 47 (3.26%) NoSQL
6 38 (2.64%) PostgreSQL
7 27 (1.87%) Oracle Database
8 25 (1.73%) Amazon RDS
8 25 (1.73%) Redis
9 23 (1.60%) Apache Cassandra
10 21 (1.46%) Hadoop
11 16 (1.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 14 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 14 (0.97%) Blockchain
12 14 (0.97%) Data Warehouse
13 11 (0.76%) Oracle Reports
14 10 (0.69%) Oracle Exadata
14 10 (0.69%) RDBMS
15 9 (0.62%) InterSystems Cache
16 8 (0.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 116 (8.05%) Git (software)
2 78 (5.41%) JIRA
3 69 (4.79%) Jenkins
4 29 (2.01%) PHPUnit
5 20 (1.39%) Selenium
6 18 (1.25%) webpack
7 15 (1.04%) Bitbucket
8 14 (0.97%) Cypress.io
8 14 (0.97%) Maven
9 12 (0.83%) Visual Studio
10 11 (0.76%) fastlane
10 11 (0.76%) TeamCity
11 10 (0.69%) NUnit
12 7 (0.49%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 7 (0.49%) Postman
13 6 (0.42%) Android Studio
13 6 (0.42%) Appium
13 6 (0.42%) SoapUI
13 6 (0.42%) WinDbg
13 6 (0.42%) Xcode
General
1 474 (32.89%) Social Skills
2 126 (8.74%) Finance
3 123 (8.54%) Analytical Skills
4 116 (8.05%) Marketing
5 82 (5.69%) Retail
6 72 (5.00%) Telecoms
7 55 (3.82%) Public Sector
8 52 (3.61%) Banking
9 49 (3.40%) Electronics
10 45 (3.12%) Organisational Skills
11 44 (3.05%) Games
12 39 (2.71%) Advertising
13 37 (2.57%) Local Government
13 37 (2.57%) Public Speaking
14 31 (2.15%) Legal
15 28 (1.94%) Presentation Skills
16 26 (1.80%) Law
17 23 (1.60%) Influencing Skills
18 22 (1.53%) Manufacturing
19 18 (1.25%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 302 (20.96%) Developer
2 105 (7.29%) Network Engineer
3 94 (6.52%) Software Engineer
4 74 (5.14%) Cloud Engineer
5 66 (4.58%) Analyst
6 65 (4.51%) Architect
7 63 (4.37%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 62 (4.30%) Senior Developer
9 60 (4.16%) Consultant
10 54 (3.75%) Cloud Developer
11 52 (3.61%) Systems Engineer
12 51 (3.54%) DevOps Engineer
13 40 (2.78%) IT Engineer
13 40 (2.78%) IT Support
13 40 (2.78%) Security Engineer
14 39 (2.71%) Junior
14 39 (2.71%) Support Engineer
14 39 (2.71%) Support Technician
15 38 (2.64%) Java Developer
15 38 (2.64%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 181 (12.56%) HTML
2 163 (11.31%) CSS
3 139 (9.65%) Web Services
4 125 (8.67%) RESTful
5 115 (7.98%) React
6 98 (6.80%) Node.js
7 90 (6.25%) .NET
8 69 (4.79%) REST
9 58 (4.02%) SOAP
10 53 (3.68%) AngularJS
10 53 (3.68%) Vue.js
11 52 (3.61%) JSON
12 46 (3.19%) Laravel
13 45 (3.12%) Spring
14 44 (3.05%) Elastic Stack
15 41 (2.85%) XML
16 37 (2.57%) Kafka
17 36 (2.50%) Symfony
18 35 (2.43%) Apache Flex
19 34 (2.36%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 201 (13.95%) Internet of Things
2 157 (10.90%) Data Centre
3 121 (8.40%) User Experience
4 98 (6.80%) Self-Motivation
5 77 (5.34%) Management Information System
6 73 (5.07%) Algorithms
7 67 (4.65%) Public Cloud
8 62 (4.30%) Mobile App
9 55 (3.82%) Driving Licence
10 49 (3.40%) Social Media
11 48 (3.33%) Data Structures
12 44 (3.05%) Enterprise Software
13 42 (2.91%) Virtual Team
14 36 (2.50%) Smart Home
15 32 (2.22%) Online Banking
16 27 (1.87%) Home Automation
17 24 (1.67%) Video\Live Streaming
18 20 (1.39%) Music Streaming
19 18 (1.25%) RIA
19 18 (1.25%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 234 (16.24%) Windows
2 226 (15.68%) Linux
3 85 (5.90%) Windows Server
4 84 (5.83%) Android
5 67 (4.65%) Windows 10
6 61 (4.23%) Apple iOS
7 46 (3.19%) Unix
8 38 (2.64%) Windows Server 2012
9 30 (2.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 29 (2.01%) Windows Server 2016
11 28 (1.94%) Debian
12 27 (1.87%) Windows Server 2008
12 27 (1.87%) Windows Server 2019
13 25 (1.73%) Windows 7
14 21 (1.46%) Embedded Linux
15 13 (0.90%) CentOS
16 12 (0.83%) Fedora
17 9 (0.62%) Mac OS X
18 7 (0.49%) Windows 8
19 6 (0.42%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 409 (28.38%) Agile Software Development
2 260 (18.04%) Software Engineering
3 216 (14.99%) Problem-Solving
4 194 (13.46%) DevOps
5 160 (11.10%) Mentoring
6 158 (10.96%) Computer Science
7 120 (8.33%) Microservices
8 119 (8.26%) Coaching
9 113 (7.84%) Analytics
9 113 (7.84%) Cybersecurity
9 113 (7.84%) Project Management
10 103 (7.15%) OO
11 97 (6.73%) ITIL
11 97 (6.73%) Scrum
12 89 (6.18%) Test Automation
13 88 (6.11%) Open Source
14 84 (5.83%) Continuous Improvement
15 82 (5.69%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 79 (5.48%) Load Balancing
17 76 (5.27%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 308 (21.37%) JavaScript
2 221 (15.34%) Java
3 213 (14.78%) Python
4 163 (11.31%) SQL
5 124 (8.61%) C#
6 105 (7.29%) TypeScript
7 102 (7.08%) PowerShell
8 98 (6.80%) PHP
9 87 (6.04%) C
10 75 (5.20%) Go
11 69 (4.79%) C++
12 50 (3.47%) Perl
13 49 (3.40%) Ruby
14 47 (3.26%) ES6
15 42 (2.91%) Bash Shell
16 31 (2.15%) Shell Script
17 21 (1.46%) Rust
18 15 (1.04%) Embedded C++
19 14 (0.97%) Apple Swift
19 14 (0.97%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 251 (17.42%) Degree
2 110 (7.63%) Security Cleared
3 91 (6.32%) Computer Science Degree
4 72 (5.00%) Cisco Certification
5 66 (4.58%) SC Cleared
6 58 (4.02%) Master's Degree
7 49 (3.40%) CCNP
8 40 (2.78%) CCNA
9 28 (1.94%) Microsoft Certification
10 25 (1.73%) DV Cleared
11 24 (1.67%) CISSP
12 15 (1.04%) DBS Check
12 15 (1.04%) JNCIA
13 13 (0.90%) MCSA
14 12 (0.83%) JNCIS
14 12 (0.83%) PhD
15 11 (0.76%) CCIE
15 11 (0.76%) CISM
15 11 (0.76%) MCSE
16 10 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 74 (5.14%) QA
2 35 (2.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 32 (2.22%) SLA
4 22 (1.53%) GDPR
5 17 (1.18%) Accessibility
6 13 (0.90%) GRC
7 10 (0.69%) PCI DSS
7 10 (0.69%) PMO
8 7 (0.49%) NCSC
8 7 (0.49%) OASIS TOSCA
9 6 (0.42%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 6 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 5 (0.35%) HAZOP
10 5 (0.35%) IEC 61508
10 5 (0.35%) IFRS
10 5 (0.35%) ISO 22301
10 5 (0.35%) ISO 26262
10 5 (0.35%) NIST
10 5 (0.35%) SOC 2
10 5 (0.35%) Solvency II
System Software
1 241 (16.72%) Docker
2 150 (10.41%) Active Directory
3 99 (6.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 49 (3.40%) KVM
5 46 (3.19%) Hyper-V
6 39 (2.71%) Firmware
7 21 (1.46%) iptables
8 19 (1.32%) QEMU
9 18 (1.25%) Kamailio
10 15 (1.04%) Postfix
11 10 (0.69%) Oracle RAC
11 10 (0.69%) XenDesktop
12 6 (0.42%) Terminal Services
12 6 (0.42%) vSphere
13 5 (0.35%) OpenSIPS
13 5 (0.35%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
14 4 (0.28%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 4 (0.28%) Varnish
14 4 (0.28%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 172 (11.94%) Kubernetes
2 62 (4.30%) Ansible
2 62 (4.30%) Puppet
3 48 (3.33%) Opscode Chef
4 46 (3.19%) Terraform
5 36 (2.50%) ZABBIX
6 26 (1.80%) SCCM
7 21 (1.46%) Microsoft Intune
8 20 (1.39%) HAProxy
9 19 (1.32%) CFEngine
9 19 (1.32%) Demisto
9 19 (1.32%) Galera Cluster
10 14 (0.97%) FortiGate
10 14 (0.97%) Grafana
11 13 (0.90%) Prometheus
12 11 (0.76%) NetBackup
13 10 (0.69%) Data Guard
13 10 (0.69%) Oracle RMAN
14 8 (0.56%) Norton AntiVirus
14 8 (0.56%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
Vendors
1 310 (21.51%) Microsoft
2 178 (12.35%) Cisco
3 152 (10.55%) Oracle
4 140 (9.72%) Google
5 134 (9.30%) VMware
6 94 (6.52%) Juniper
7 60 (4.16%) Citrix
8 53 (3.68%) Apple
8 53 (3.68%) Palo Alto
9 44 (3.05%) Splunk
10 42 (2.91%) HP
11 39 (2.71%) Facebook
11 39 (2.71%) ServiceNow
12 37 (2.57%) PagerDuty
13 31 (2.15%) CheckPoint
14 28 (1.94%) Fortinet
15 27 (1.87%) Veeam
16 26 (1.80%) Mitel
17 23 (1.60%) NEC
18 21 (1.46%) SonicWALL