Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cyberattack in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cyberattack over the 6 months to 3 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cyberattack
UK
6 months to
3 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 433 724 695
Rank change year-on-year +291 -29 +206
Permanent jobs citing Cyberattack 1,434 263 156
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.79% 0.24% 0.20%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.68% 0.61% 0.54%
Number of salaries quoted 242 74 129
10th Percentile £30,000 £42,500 £50,750
25th Percentile £38,750 £47,500 £56,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £67,500 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year -14.81% - +8.00%
75th Percentile £72,500 £85,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £87,950 £98,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £47,500 £67,500
% change year-on-year +15.79% -29.63% +22.73%

Cyberattack is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 85,162 42,768 28,900
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 47.10% 39.69% 36.46%
Number of salaries quoted 34,309 26,423 22,891
10th Percentile £33,948 £32,500 £31,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £61,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.09% +4.55% +0.26%
75th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £77,500
90th Percentile £101,250 £96,250 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Cyberattack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cyberattack as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cyberattack in the UK

Cyberattack
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cyberattack.

Salary trend for Cyberattack in the UK

Cyberattack
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cyberattack over the 6 months to 3 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Cyberattack in the UK

Cyberattack
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cyberattack within the UK over the 6 months to 3 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Work from Home +327 1,173 £60,000 -20.00% 4
England +215 1,084 £57,000 -15.56% 27
UK excluding London +248 860 £55,000 +15.79% 23
South East +187 330 £32,500 -26.71% 4
London -18 317 £65,000 -18.75% 7
South West +65 259 £57,500 -2.13% 5
North of England +12 126 £55,888 +24.20% 5
Yorkshire +12 80 £56,888 +62.54% 1
Scotland +12 73 £65,000 +73.33% 3
North West -39 44 £55,000 - 4
East of England -65 40 £70,000 +40.00% 5
West Midlands -25 33 £40,000 -40.74%
Midlands -26 33 £40,000 -40.74% 1
North East -16 2 £40,000 -11.11%
Wales -37 1 - -

For the 6 months to 3 July 2022, IT jobs citing Cyberattack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cyberattack.

1 1,130 (78.80%) Finance
2 1,072 (74.76%) Threat Intelligence
2 1,072 (74.76%) Inclusion and Diversity
3 1,063 (74.13%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
4 748 (52.16%) Cyber Defence
5 599 (41.77%) Security Cleared
6 509 (35.50%) Python
7 490 (34.17%) Agile
8 488 (34.03%) Java
9 432 (30.13%) Software Engineering
10 377 (26.29%) Cybersecurity
11 375 (26.15%) Social Skills
12 372 (25.94%) SC Cleared
13 368 (25.66%) Linux
14 329 (22.94%) Cybercrime
15 304 (21.20%) AWS
16 303 (21.13%) JavaScript
17 302 (21.06%) Docker
18 294 (20.50%) Project Management
19 281 (19.60%) Public Sector
20 274 (19.11%) React
21 255 (17.78%) Test Automation
22 252 (17.57%) Digital Transformation Programme
23 249 (17.36%) Problem-Solving
24 246 (17.15%) Ansible
25 231 (16.11%) DevOps
26 212 (14.78%) Law
27 205 (14.30%) Analytical Skills
28 200 (13.95%) Git (software)
29 193 (13.46%) Scrum

Cyberattack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (4.88%) Confluence
2 56 (3.91%) SharePoint
3 51 (3.56%) Apache
4 24 (1.67%) OpenStack
5 20 (1.39%) Apache Spark
5 20 (1.39%) nginx
6 19 (1.32%) Jetty
7 14 (0.98%) JBoss
7 14 (0.98%) Tomcat
7 14 (0.98%) WebSphere
8 12 (0.84%) WebSphere Application Server
9 6 (0.42%) MS Exchange
9 6 (0.42%) WildFly
10 5 (0.35%) Ethereum
11 2 (0.14%) SAS
11 2 (0.14%) WebLogic
12 1 (0.070%) OpenZeppelin
Applications
1 98 (6.83%) Microsoft Office
2 25 (1.74%) Microsoft Excel
3 16 (1.12%) Photoshop
4 12 (0.84%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.84%) MS Visio
5 9 (0.63%) Maple
Business Applications
1 5 (0.35%) SAP BPC
2 4 (0.28%) Quorum
3 1 (0.070%) Elite 3E
Cloud Services
1 304 (21.20%) AWS
2 168 (11.72%) Azure
3 51 (3.56%) AWS CloudFormation
4 37 (2.58%) Amazon ECS
4 37 (2.58%) OpenShift
5 33 (2.30%) Microsoft 365
6 29 (2.02%) Cloud Computing
7 23 (1.60%) Trello
8 20 (1.39%) Azure Machine Learning
9 15 (1.05%) Serverless
10 14 (0.98%) IaaS
10 14 (0.98%) PaaS
11 13 (0.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 13 (0.91%) Amazon MSK
11 13 (0.91%) AWS CloudTrail
11 13 (0.91%) GCP
12 11 (0.77%) Slack
13 10 (0.70%) SaaS
14 9 (0.63%) Azure Active Directory
15 8 (0.56%) Logz.io
Communications & Networking
1 93 (6.49%) Firewall
2 84 (5.86%) Network Security
3 82 (5.72%) TCP/IP
4 63 (4.39%) DHCP
5 56 (3.91%) Wireless
6 46 (3.21%) DNS
7 39 (2.72%) Reverse Proxy
8 37 (2.58%) HTTP
8 37 (2.58%) SNA
8 37 (2.58%) Software-Defined Networking
9 36 (2.51%) SSL
10 35 (2.44%) IMAP
10 35 (2.44%) tcpdump
10 35 (2.44%) Wireshark
11 22 (1.53%) Intrusion Detection
12 19 (1.32%) Broadband
13 18 (1.26%) Software-Defined Radio
13 18 (1.26%) VoIP
14 15 (1.05%) BGP
14 15 (1.05%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 140 (9.76%) Big Data
2 70 (4.88%) Elasticsearch
3 59 (4.11%) NoSQL
3 59 (4.11%) PostgreSQL
4 53 (3.70%) Hadoop
5 46 (3.21%) MySQL
6 28 (1.95%) GIS
7 26 (1.81%) MongoDB
8 24 (1.67%) InfluxDB
9 18 (1.26%) Metadata
10 14 (0.98%) Relational Database
11 13 (0.91%) Amazon Aurora
11 13 (0.91%) Amazon RDS
11 13 (0.91%) SQL Server
12 12 (0.84%) Oracle Database
13 11 (0.77%) RDBMS
14 8 (0.56%) Data Warehouse
14 8 (0.56%) HBase
15 7 (0.49%) Geospatial Data
16 6 (0.42%) Maltego
Development Applications
1 200 (13.95%) Git (software)
2 136 (9.48%) JIRA
3 96 (6.69%) Jenkins
4 35 (2.44%) Zephyr
5 30 (2.09%) Maven
6 29 (2.02%) Sonatype Nexus
7 28 (1.95%) GDB
8 27 (1.88%) Artifactory
9 22 (1.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 22 (1.53%) Bitbucket
9 22 (1.53%) Subversion
10 21 (1.46%) Cucumber
11 20 (1.39%) IDA Disassembler
11 20 (1.39%) Mercurial
11 20 (1.39%) SonarQube
11 20 (1.39%) TeamCity
12 16 (1.12%) Bundler
12 16 (1.12%) Selenium
13 15 (1.05%) Cypress.io
13 15 (1.05%) TestNG
General
1 1,130 (78.80%) Finance
2 1,072 (74.76%) Inclusion and Diversity
3 375 (26.15%) Social Skills
4 281 (19.60%) Public Sector
5 212 (14.78%) Law
6 205 (14.30%) Analytical Skills
7 109 (7.60%) Telecoms
8 103 (7.18%) Police
9 51 (3.56%) Legal
10 39 (2.72%) Banking
11 36 (2.51%) Marketing
12 28 (1.95%) Manufacturing
13 25 (1.74%) Influencing Skills
14 24 (1.67%) Electronics
15 23 (1.60%) Financial Institution
15 23 (1.60%) Military
16 21 (1.46%) Presentation Skills
17 19 (1.32%) Organisational Skills
17 19 (1.32%) Retail
18 7 (0.49%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 260 (18.13%) Software Engineer
2 144 (10.04%) Developer
3 111 (7.74%) Security Engineer
4 87 (6.07%) Analyst
5 84 (5.86%) Architect
6 79 (5.51%) DevOps Engineer
7 76 (5.30%) Graduate
8 72 (5.02%) Consultant
9 63 (4.39%) Security Consultant
10 60 (4.18%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 56 (3.91%) Java Developer
12 48 (3.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 48 (3.35%) Systems Engineer
13 46 (3.21%) Security Analyst
14 42 (2.93%) Python Engineer
14 42 (2.93%) Scrum Master
14 42 (2.93%) Software Developer
15 40 (2.79%) Lead Software Engineer
16 39 (2.72%) Solutions Architect
17 37 (2.58%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 274 (19.11%) React
2 163 (11.37%) HTML
3 119 (8.30%) Spring
4 112 (7.81%) Kafka
5 97 (6.76%) CSS
5 97 (6.76%) Node.js
6 91 (6.35%) HTML5
7 66 (4.60%) Apache NiFi
8 65 (4.53%) .NET
9 58 (4.04%) REST
10 56 (3.91%) AngularJS
11 52 (3.63%) TensorFlow
12 50 (3.49%) Elastic Stack
13 48 (3.35%) Redux
14 42 (2.93%) JSP
15 36 (2.51%) Keycloak
16 34 (2.37%) Apache Camel
17 32 (2.23%) PyTorch
17 32 (2.23%) scikit-learn
18 31 (2.16%) WML
Miscellaneous
1 748 (52.16%) Cyber Defence
2 329 (22.94%) Cybercrime
3 136 (9.48%) Cyberthreat
4 101 (7.04%) Management Information System
5 64 (4.46%) Self-Motivation
6 59 (4.11%) Smartphone
7 58 (4.04%) Social Media
8 56 (3.91%) User Experience
9 52 (3.63%) Cloud Native
10 46 (3.21%) Linux Command Line
11 37 (2.58%) Replication
11 37 (2.58%) Social Network
12 35 (2.44%) Mobile App
13 33 (2.30%) FPGA
14 32 (2.23%) Acoustics
15 31 (2.16%) Embedded Systems
15 31 (2.16%) W3C
16 27 (1.88%) IoT
17 26 (1.81%) Private Cloud
18 25 (1.74%) Security Operations Centre
Operating Systems
1 368 (25.66%) Linux
2 183 (12.76%) Windows
3 92 (6.42%) Android
4 60 (4.18%) Apple iOS
5 46 (3.21%) Ubuntu
6 34 (2.37%) CentOS
7 29 (2.02%) Windows Server
8 26 (1.81%) Kali Linux
9 24 (1.67%) Unix
10 16 (1.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 16 (1.12%) Windows Phone
11 7 (0.49%) VMS
11 7 (0.49%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (0.42%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.42%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.070%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.070%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,072 (74.76%) Threat Intelligence
2 1,063 (74.13%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
3 490 (34.17%) Agile
4 432 (30.13%) Software Engineering
5 377 (26.29%) Cybersecurity
6 294 (20.50%) Project Management
7 255 (17.78%) Test Automation
8 252 (17.57%) Digital Transformation Programme
9 249 (17.36%) Problem-Solving
10 231 (16.11%) DevOps
11 193 (13.46%) Scrum
12 173 (12.06%) Continuous Integration
13 160 (11.16%) CI/CD
14 151 (10.53%) Decision-Making
15 143 (9.97%) Coaching
15 143 (9.97%) Mentoring
16 115 (8.02%) Software Testing
17 114 (7.95%) Analytics
18 111 (7.74%) Full Stack Development
19 109 (7.60%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 509 (35.50%) Python
2 488 (34.03%) Java
3 303 (21.13%) JavaScript
4 190 (13.25%) Bash
5 173 (12.06%) C++
6 122 (8.51%) C#
7 116 (8.09%) TypeScript
8 88 (6.14%) SQL
9 85 (5.93%) C
10 73 (5.09%) Go
11 60 (4.18%) MATLAB
12 58 (4.04%) Groovy
13 53 (3.70%) Scala
14 51 (3.56%) Shell Script
15 43 (3.00%) R
16 24 (1.67%) Ruby
17 19 (1.32%) PowerShell
18 16 (1.12%) Perl
19 13 (0.91%) Solidity
20 9 (0.63%) Rust
Qualifications
1 599 (41.77%) Security Cleared
2 372 (25.94%) SC Cleared
3 134 (9.34%) Degree
4 62 (4.32%) DV Cleared
5 60 (4.18%) PhD
6 44 (3.07%) CISSP
7 37 (2.58%) AWS Certification
7 37 (2.58%) ISTQB
7 37 (2.58%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
7 37 (2.58%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 32 (2.23%) CREST Certified
9 31 (2.16%) Cisco Certification
10 25 (1.74%) CISM
11 20 (1.39%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 17 (1.19%) CCNP
12 17 (1.19%) OSCP
13 16 (1.12%) Master's Degree
14 14 (0.98%) CCNA
14 14 (0.98%) Chartered Engineer
14 14 (0.98%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 109 (7.60%) QA
2 47 (3.28%) NCSC
3 46 (3.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 45 (3.14%) Accessibility
5 41 (2.86%) NIST
6 22 (1.53%) PMO
7 21 (1.46%) GDPR
8 17 (1.19%) ECSS
8 17 (1.19%) PCI DSS
9 13 (0.91%) Cyber Essentials
9 13 (0.91%) GRC
10 10 (0.70%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 6 (0.42%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 6 (0.42%) NIST 800
12 4 (0.28%) COBIT
13 3 (0.21%) ISO 22301
13 3 (0.21%) ISO 31000
13 3 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 3 (0.21%) SOC 2
13 3 (0.21%) SOC 3
System Software
1 302 (21.06%) Docker
2 107 (7.46%) VMware Infrastructure
3 100 (6.97%) Active Directory
4 56 (3.91%) Firmware
5 47 (3.28%) vSphere
6 40 (2.79%) VMware ESXi
7 29 (2.02%) KVM
8 14 (0.98%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 14 (0.98%) Xen
9 12 (0.84%) Virtual Machines
10 6 (0.42%) BitLocker
10 6 (0.42%) XenApp
10 6 (0.42%) XenDesktop
11 2 (0.14%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 246 (17.15%) Ansible
2 129 (9.00%) Kubernetes
3 98 (6.83%) Terraform
4 86 (6.00%) Puppet
5 51 (3.56%) Opscode Chef
5 51 (3.56%) vCenter Server
6 45 (3.14%) Grafana
7 39 (2.72%) Docker Swarm
8 36 (2.51%) Prometheus
9 35 (2.44%) HP ALM
10 33 (2.30%) Single Sign-On
11 32 (2.23%) Kibana
11 32 (2.23%) logstash
12 15 (1.05%) yum
13 14 (0.98%) HAProxy
13 14 (0.98%) Host Intrusion Detection System
13 14 (0.98%) Network Intrusion Detection System
14 13 (0.91%) Sysdig
15 8 (0.56%) Graylog
16 7 (0.49%) CSIRT
Vendors
1 176 (12.27%) Microsoft
2 129 (9.00%) VMware
3 86 (6.00%) Atlassian
4 59 (4.11%) Perforce
5 53 (3.70%) Oracle
6 47 (3.28%) HP
7 38 (2.65%) Cisco
8 37 (2.58%) Splunk
9 33 (2.30%) Google
10 26 (1.81%) Red Hat
11 18 (1.26%) BT
12 17 (1.19%) Okta
13 16 (1.12%) Veeam
14 14 (0.98%) Hortonworks
14 14 (0.98%) ServiceNow
15 11 (0.77%) Dell
15 11 (0.77%) WSO2
16 9 (0.63%) Twitter
17 8 (0.56%) CheckPoint
17 8 (0.56%) SaltStack