Period
to 4 December 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cyberattack in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cyberattack over the 6 months to 4 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cyberattack
UK
6 months to
4 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 817 640 854
Rank change year-on-year -177 +214 +63
Permanent jobs citing Cyberattack 250 92 226
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.20% 0.16% 0.17%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.48% 0.47% 0.47%
Number of salaries quoted 108 67 178
10th Percentile £42,500 £35,850 £20,981
25th Percentile £53,438 £44,500 £35,063
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £71,250 £60,000 £53,750
Median % change year-on-year +18.75% +11.63% -1.83%
75th Percentile £115,000 £71,250 £71,250
90th Percentile " £83,750 £91,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% +22.22% -14.29%

Cyberattack is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 51,761 19,542 47,978
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.47% 34.82% 35.33%
Number of salaries quoted 31,695 16,228 37,215
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,996 £30,000
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £97,500 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +3.09% +7.78% -

Cyberattack
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cyberattack as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cyberattack in the UK

Cyberattack
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cyberattack.

Salary trend for Cyberattack in the UK

Cyberattack
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cyberattack over the 6 months to 4 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Cyberattack in the UK

Cyberattack
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cyberattack within the UK over the 6 months to 4 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -144 226 £70,000 +16.67% 35
UK excluding London -156 124 £60,000 +9.09% 29
London -162 100 £78,750 +12.50% 7
South West -14 67 £70,000 -9.68% 3
Work from Home -196 44 £90,000 +44.00% 2
North of England -120 33 £60,000 +40.35% 17
Yorkshire -85 17 £110,000 +175.00% 6
North West -79 14 £46,250 +8.82% 10
Midlands -110 10 £45,000 -26.53% 2
East of England -99 8 £50,000 -25.93% 3
West Midlands -94 6 £38,000 -37.96%
East Midlands -63 4 £45,000 - 2
Scotland -66 4 £75,000 +36.36% 1
North East -21 2 £60,000 -2.44% 1
South East -135 2 £73,750 +52.06% 3

For the 6 months to 4 December 2021, IT jobs citing Cyberattack also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cyberattack.

1 161 (64.40%) Cybersecurity
2 139 (55.60%) Software Engineering
3 98 (39.20%) Agile Software Development
4 88 (35.20%) Python
5 77 (30.80%) Ansible
5 77 (30.80%) Kafka
5 77 (30.80%) Jenkins
5 77 (30.80%) Apache NiFi
6 69 (27.60%) Linux
7 64 (25.60%) DevOps
8 60 (24.00%) Java
9 58 (23.20%) Azure
9 58 (23.20%) Elastic Stack
9 58 (23.20%) Docker
9 58 (23.20%) Cyber Intelligence
10 57 (22.80%) JavaScript
11 56 (22.40%) Go
12 55 (22.00%) Analytics
13 53 (21.20%) Information Security
14 52 (20.80%) AWS
15 49 (19.60%) Artificial Intelligence
15 49 (19.60%) Mentoring
16 48 (19.20%) Cyberthreat
16 48 (19.20%) Information Assurance
16 48 (19.20%) Security Cleared
16 48 (19.20%) Legal
17 47 (18.80%) DevSecOps
18 46 (18.40%) Continuous Integration
19 45 (18.00%) SC Cleared
19 45 (18.00%) CentOS

Cyberattack
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (14.00%) Confluence
2 16 (6.40%) Elasticsearch
3 2 (0.80%) SharePoint
4 1 (0.40%) IIS
Applications
1 6 (2.40%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 3 (1.20%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.40%) Elite 3E
Cloud Services
1 58 (23.20%) Azure
2 52 (20.80%) AWS
3 42 (16.80%) OpenShift
4 32 (12.80%) Serverless
5 19 (7.60%) AWS CloudFormation
5 19 (7.60%) AWS Lambda
6 8 (3.20%) Microsoft 365
7 4 (1.60%) Azure Active Directory
7 4 (1.60%) Azure Sentinel
8 3 (1.20%) Amazon EC2
8 3 (1.20%) Amazon ECS
8 3 (1.20%) Amazon S3
8 3 (1.20%) Amazon SQS
9 2 (0.80%) Sumo Logic
10 1 (0.40%) Heroku
10 1 (0.40%) IaaS
10 1 (0.40%) OneDrive
10 1 (0.40%) PaaS
10 1 (0.40%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 29 (11.60%) Broadband
1 29 (11.60%) Internet
2 25 (10.00%) Firewall
3 19 (7.60%) Network Security
4 18 (7.20%) SMS
5 11 (4.40%) Intrusion Detection
6 10 (4.00%) DNS
7 7 (2.80%) FTP
7 7 (2.80%) HTTP
7 7 (2.80%) SMTP
7 7 (2.80%) SSL
8 5 (2.00%) Wireless
9 4 (1.60%) TCP/IP
9 4 (1.60%) WAN
10 3 (1.20%) Wireshark
11 2 (0.80%) DHCP
11 2 (0.80%) Structured Cabling
11 2 (0.80%) Wi-Fi
12 1 (0.40%) SAN
12 1 (0.40%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (16.80%) Big Data
1 42 (16.80%) Hadoop
1 42 (16.80%) MongoDB
1 42 (16.80%) MySQL
2 13 (5.20%) Apache Accumulo
3 3 (1.20%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 77 (30.80%) Jenkins
2 42 (16.80%) Eclipse
2 42 (16.80%) JMeter
2 42 (16.80%) Robot Framework
3 39 (15.60%) JIRA
4 23 (9.20%) Cucumber
4 23 (9.20%) Selenium
5 19 (7.60%) Bitbucket
5 19 (7.60%) SonarQube
6 3 (1.20%) CircleCI
7 1 (0.40%) Cypress.io
General
1 48 (19.20%) Legal
2 43 (17.20%) Finance
3 36 (14.40%) Social Skills
4 27 (10.80%) Analytical Skills
4 27 (10.80%) Military
5 8 (3.20%) Organisational Skills
5 8 (3.20%) Public Sector
6 6 (2.40%) Law
6 6 (2.40%) Marketing
7 5 (2.00%) Banking
7 5 (2.00%) Electronics
7 5 (2.00%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 5 (2.00%) Manufacturing
7 5 (2.00%) Presentation Skills
7 5 (2.00%) Telecoms
8 3 (1.20%) Retail
9 2 (0.80%) Influencing Skills
10 1 (0.40%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.40%) Back Office
10 1 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 56 (22.40%) Software Engineer
2 40 (16.00%) Developer
3 29 (11.60%) Analyst
4 23 (9.20%) DevOps Engineer
4 23 (9.20%) Java Developer
4 23 (9.20%) Security Manager
4 23 (9.20%) Senior Software Engineer
5 22 (8.80%) Python Engineer
6 18 (7.20%) Python Software Engineer
7 17 (6.80%) Security Engineer
8 16 (6.40%) Cybersecurity Manager
9 15 (6.00%) Consultant
9 15 (6.00%) Cybersecurity Engineer
9 15 (6.00%) Principal Engineer
9 15 (6.00%) Principal Security Engineer
9 15 (6.00%) Principal Software Engineer
10 14 (5.60%) Python Developer
11 13 (5.20%) Lead Software Engineer
12 12 (4.80%) Lead Developer
12 12 (4.80%) Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 77 (30.80%) Apache NiFi
1 77 (30.80%) Kafka
2 58 (23.20%) Elastic Stack
3 28 (11.20%) React
4 24 (9.60%) HTML
4 24 (9.60%) HTML5
4 24 (9.60%) Node.js
5 23 (9.20%) ActiveMQ
5 23 (9.20%) CSS
5 23 (9.20%) CSS3
5 23 (9.20%) Gherkin
5 23 (9.20%) LAMP
5 23 (9.20%) Spring Boot
5 23 (9.20%) Twitter Bootstrap
6 7 (2.80%) LDAP
7 4 (1.60%) YAML
8 3 (1.20%) Symfony
8 3 (1.20%) Web Services
9 2 (0.80%) Svelte
10 1 (0.40%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 48 (19.20%) Cyberthreat
2 30 (12.00%) Management Information System
3 16 (6.40%) Cyber Defence
3 16 (6.40%) Security Operations Centre
4 14 (5.60%) User Experience
5 7 (2.80%) Analytical Mindset
5 7 (2.80%) Virtual Team
6 6 (2.40%) Cyber Kill Chain
7 3 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
7 3 (1.20%) Mobile App
7 3 (1.20%) PMI
8 2 (0.80%) CESG
8 2 (0.80%) Data Protection Act
8 2 (0.80%) Embedded Systems
9 1 (0.40%) Blog
9 1 (0.40%) HoloLens
9 1 (0.40%) Life Science
9 1 (0.40%) Podcast
9 1 (0.40%) Public Cloud
9 1 (0.40%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 69 (27.60%) Linux
2 45 (18.00%) CentOS
2 45 (18.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 32 (12.80%) Windows
4 2 (0.80%) Unix
4 2 (0.80%) Windows 10
5 1 (0.40%) Android
5 1 (0.40%) Apple iOS
5 1 (0.40%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 161 (64.40%) Cybersecurity
2 139 (55.60%) Software Engineering
3 98 (39.20%) Agile Software Development
4 64 (25.60%) DevOps
5 58 (23.20%) Cyber Intelligence
6 55 (22.00%) Analytics
7 53 (21.20%) Information Security
8 49 (19.60%) Artificial Intelligence
8 49 (19.60%) Mentoring
9 48 (19.20%) Information Assurance
10 47 (18.80%) DevSecOps
11 46 (18.40%) Continuous Integration
12 44 (17.60%) Data Science
12 44 (17.60%) Microservices
12 44 (17.60%) Open Source
13 43 (17.20%) Machine Learning
14 42 (16.80%) Scrum
15 41 (16.40%) Scaled Agile Framework
15 41 (16.40%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 40 (16.00%) Collaborative Working
Programming Languages
1 88 (35.20%) Python
2 60 (24.00%) Java
3 57 (22.80%) JavaScript
4 56 (22.40%) Go
5 43 (17.20%) C
6 24 (9.60%) C++
7 23 (9.20%) Bash Shell
7 23 (9.20%) PowerShell
8 4 (1.60%) TypeScript
9 3 (1.20%) PHP
9 3 (1.20%) SQL
10 2 (0.80%) C#
11 1 (0.40%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 48 (19.20%) Security Cleared
2 45 (18.00%) SC Cleared
3 37 (14.80%) Degree
4 32 (12.80%) CISSP
5 27 (10.80%) DV Cleared
6 25 (10.00%) CISM
7 16 (6.40%) CEH
8 12 (4.80%) CREST Certified
9 9 (3.60%) CISA
10 7 (2.80%) GIAC
10 7 (2.80%) OSCP
11 5 (2.00%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (1.60%) SANS
13 3 (1.20%) CCNA
13 3 (1.20%) CESG Certified Professional
13 3 (1.20%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (1.20%) Master's Degree
13 3 (1.20%) PMI Certification
14 2 (0.80%) CompTIA Security+
14 2 (0.80%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (7.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 15 (6.00%) PCI DSS
3 11 (4.40%) GDPR
3 11 (4.40%) NIST
4 9 (3.60%) NCSC
5 7 (2.80%) GRC
6 5 (2.00%) Cyber Essentials
7 2 (0.80%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 2 (0.80%) JSP 440
8 1 (0.40%) COBIT
8 1 (0.40%) Good Clinical Practice
8 1 (0.40%) GPG13
8 1 (0.40%) ISO 26262
8 1 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.40%) NIST 800
8 1 (0.40%) PMO
8 1 (0.40%) QA
8 1 (0.40%) RMADS
8 1 (0.40%) SOC 2
System Software
1 58 (23.20%) Docker
2 5 (2.00%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.80%) BitLocker
4 1 (0.40%) Firmware
4 1 (0.40%) Snort
4 1 (0.40%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 77 (30.80%) Ansible
2 19 (7.60%) Kubernetes
2 19 (7.60%) Terraform
3 3 (1.20%) CSIRT
4 2 (0.80%) Nessus
4 2 (0.80%) SCCM
5 1 (0.40%) Grafana
5 1 (0.40%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 44 (17.60%) Microsoft
2 43 (17.20%) Atlassian
3 42 (16.80%) Oracle
4 30 (12.00%) Splunk
5 29 (11.60%) Google
6 22 (8.80%) Red Hat
7 12 (4.80%) LogRhythm
8 8 (3.20%) CheckPoint
8 8 (3.20%) FireEye
8 8 (3.20%) McAfee
9 7 (2.80%) Blue Coat
9 7 (2.80%) Darktrace
10 5 (2.00%) Cisco
11 4 (1.60%) AlienVault
11 4 (1.60%) SAP
12 3 (1.20%) Meraki
12 3 (1.20%) ServiceNow
13 2 (0.80%) ArcSight
13 2 (0.80%) BT
13 2 (0.80%) Qualys