Period
to 22 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 22 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 209 205 228
Rank change year-on-year -4 +23 -21
Permanent jobs citing VPN 1,023 2,103 2,345
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.60% 1.67% 1.54%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.35% 11.11% 10.26%
Number of salaries quoted 968 1,775 1,996
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% - -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,000 £25,500
90th Percentile £82,875 £75,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £40,000

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,014 18,934 22,856
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.08% 15.02% 15.05%
Number of salaries quoted 7,165 15,118 18,140
Median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,850 £26,000 £26,250
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Salary trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 22 January 2021.

Salary histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -10 911 £47,500 +5.56% 214
UK excluding London -4 613 £40,000 - 166
London +5 347 £60,000 +4.35% 55
North of England +29 170 £37,500 -6.25% 53
Work from Home +6 168 £52,500 - 28
South East -23 155 £50,000 +17.65% 45
Midlands +3 101 £42,500 +6.25% 36
South West +29 85 £32,500 -1.52% 19
Yorkshire +4 80 £31,500 -21.25% 19
West Midlands -9 74 £50,000 +25.00% 28
North West +24 67 £45,000 +21.62% 26
East of England +68 48 £40,000 -1.84% 6
Scotland +25 39 £36,250 -27.50% 5
East Midlands +37 26 £37,500 -16.67% 7
North East +37 23 £32,500 -21.69% 8
Wales +32 16 £33,000 -14.29% 2
Northern Ireland +8 1 - -

For the 6 months to 22 January 2021, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 676 (66.08%) Firewall
2 495 (48.39%) Windows
3 441 (43.11%) Microsoft
4 416 (40.66%) Active Directory
5 382 (37.34%) WAN
6 378 (36.95%) Azure
7 376 (36.75%) Cisco
8 343 (33.53%) Office 365
9 339 (33.14%) VMware
10 318 (31.09%) LAN
11 309 (30.21%) DNS
12 279 (27.27%) Windows Server
13 265 (25.90%) AWS
14 261 (25.51%) VMware Infrastructure
15 240 (23.46%) Linux
16 229 (22.39%) DHCP
17 225 (21.99%) Cisco Certification
18 224 (21.90%) TCP/IP
19 220 (21.51%) ITIL
20 208 (20.33%) Network Security
21 198 (19.35%) VLAN
22 173 (16.91%) DevOps
23 163 (15.93%) Hyper-V
24 154 (15.05%) PowerShell
25 150 (14.66%) Wireless
26 144 (14.08%) OSPF
27 140 (13.69%) Windows 10
28 137 (13.39%) CCNP
29 136 (13.29%) CCNA
30 135 (13.20%) MPLS

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (11.34%) MS Exchange
2 106 (10.36%) SharePoint
3 45 (4.40%) Skype for Business
4 44 (4.30%) IIS
5 36 (3.52%) Confluence
6 32 (3.13%) Exchange Server 2013
7 20 (1.96%) Exchange Server 2010
8 13 (1.27%) Apache
9 9 (0.88%) Exchange Server 2007
10 8 (0.78%) Elasticsearch
10 8 (0.78%) OpenStack
10 8 (0.78%) Tomcat
11 6 (0.59%) Apache Spark
11 6 (0.59%) BizTalk Server
11 6 (0.59%) nginx
12 5 (0.49%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
13 3 (0.29%) CMS
13 3 (0.29%) Exchange Server 2003
13 3 (0.29%) JBoss
14 2 (0.20%) WebSphere
Applications
1 128 (12.51%) Microsoft Office
2 27 (2.64%) MS Visio
3 22 (2.15%) Microsoft Excel
4 13 (1.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 10 (0.98%) Remedy ITSM
2 5 (0.49%) Carpe Diem
2 5 (0.49%) Sentinel
3 3 (0.29%) Eikon
3 3 (0.29%) Q-Pulse
4 1 (0.098%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.098%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.098%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.098%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.098%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.098%) Relativity
4 1 (0.098%) Sage 200
4 1 (0.098%) Sage X3
4 1 (0.098%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 378 (36.95%) Azure
2 343 (33.53%) Office 365
3 265 (25.90%) AWS
4 93 (9.09%) Azure Active Directory
5 57 (5.57%) IaaS
6 56 (5.47%) SaaS
7 53 (5.18%) PaaS
8 50 (4.89%) GCP
9 44 (4.30%) Mimecast
10 39 (3.81%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 30 (2.93%) Route 53
12 29 (2.83%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 27 (2.64%) Amazon EC2
14 24 (2.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 23 (2.25%) Slack
16 22 (2.15%) OneDrive
17 19 (1.86%) AWS CloudFormation
17 19 (1.86%) Serverless
18 18 (1.76%) AWS Lambda
18 18 (1.76%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 676 (66.08%) Firewall
2 382 (37.34%) WAN
3 318 (31.09%) LAN
4 309 (30.21%) DNS
5 229 (22.39%) DHCP
6 224 (21.90%) TCP/IP
7 208 (20.33%) Network Security
8 198 (19.35%) VLAN
9 150 (14.66%) Wireless
10 144 (14.08%) OSPF
11 135 (13.20%) MPLS
12 134 (13.10%) BGP
13 132 (12.90%) VoIP
14 130 (12.71%) Wi-Fi
15 94 (9.19%) IPsec
16 79 (7.72%) SSL
17 73 (7.14%) Internet
17 73 (7.14%) SAN
18 64 (6.26%) Cisco ASA
19 46 (4.50%) Cisco IOS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 105 (10.26%) SQL Server
2 36 (3.52%) Amazon RDS
3 24 (2.35%) MySQL
4 16 (1.56%) Azure SQL Database
4 16 (1.56%) NoSQL
5 15 (1.47%) PostgreSQL
6 13 (1.27%) Relational Database
7 11 (1.08%) SQL Server 2008
7 11 (1.08%) SQL Server 2012
8 10 (0.98%) Redis
9 9 (0.88%) Big Data
9 9 (0.88%) MongoDB
10 8 (0.78%) Power BI
11 7 (0.68%) Blockchain
12 5 (0.49%) Hadoop
12 5 (0.49%) Impala
12 5 (0.49%) RDBMS
12 5 (0.49%) SQL Server 2014
13 4 (0.39%) Oracle Database
14 3 (0.29%) HBase
Development Applications
1 54 (5.28%) Git (software)
2 47 (4.59%) JIRA
3 39 (3.81%) Jenkins
4 24 (2.35%) Bitbucket
5 22 (2.15%) GitLab
6 21 (2.05%) Subversion
7 11 (1.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 10 (0.98%) Sonatype Nexus
9 8 (0.78%) Visual Studio
10 5 (0.49%) FishEye
11 4 (0.39%) VSS/SourceSafe
12 3 (0.29%) Cucumber
12 3 (0.29%) Grunt
13 2 (0.20%) AutoIt
13 2 (0.20%) CircleCI
13 2 (0.20%) Maven
13 2 (0.20%) Team Foundation Server
13 2 (0.20%) Visual Studio Team System
14 1 (0.098%) Bitbucket Server
14 1 (0.098%) Travis CI
General
1 107 (10.46%) Finance
2 67 (6.55%) Telecoms
3 26 (2.54%) Banking
3 26 (2.54%) Legal
4 24 (2.35%) Public Sector
5 15 (1.47%) Law
5 15 (1.47%) Retail
6 14 (1.37%) Electronics
7 9 (0.88%) Aerospace
8 8 (0.78%) Publishing
9 7 (0.68%) Digital Economy
9 7 (0.68%) Fire and Rescue
9 7 (0.68%) Marketing
10 6 (0.59%) Financial Institution
10 6 (0.59%) Investment Banking
11 4 (0.39%) Games
11 4 (0.39%) Military
11 4 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.29%) Local Government
13 2 (0.20%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 204 (19.94%) Network Engineer
2 109 (10.65%) Support Engineer
3 108 (10.56%) Analyst
4 102 (9.97%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 96 (9.38%) IT Engineer
6 75 (7.33%) Senior Network Engineer
7 66 (6.45%) IT Support
8 59 (5.77%) Architect
8 59 (5.77%) Consultant
9 55 (5.38%) 3rd Line Engineer
9 55 (5.38%) DevOps Engineer
10 48 (4.69%) Cloud Engineer
11 45 (4.40%) Cisco Engineer
11 45 (4.40%) Security Engineer
12 42 (4.11%) Azure Engineer
13 39 (3.81%) Cisco Network Engineer
14 37 (3.62%) IT Support Engineer
14 37 (3.62%) Linux Engineer
15 33 (3.23%) Network Security Engineer
15 33 (3.23%) Service Desk Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 51 (4.99%) Web Services
2 21 (2.05%) HTML
3 19 (1.86%) 802.1X
3 19 (1.86%) CSS
4 15 (1.47%) LDAP
5 14 (1.37%) SOAP
6 13 (1.27%) Ajax
6 13 (1.27%) XML
7 11 (1.08%) JSON
7 11 (1.08%) YAML
8 10 (0.98%) .NET
8 10 (0.98%) XMPP
9 9 (0.88%) Elastic Stack
9 9 (0.88%) HTML5
9 9 (0.88%) Kafka
10 6 (0.59%) LAMP
11 5 (0.49%) Node.js
11 5 (0.49%) RabbitMQ
12 4 (0.39%) FIX Protocol
12 4 (0.39%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 99 (9.68%) Data Centre
2 83 (8.11%) Management Information System
3 81 (7.92%) Analytical Skills
4 67 (6.55%) Public Cloud
5 39 (3.81%) Self-Motivation
6 33 (3.23%) Replication
7 29 (2.83%) PKI
8 21 (2.05%) Clustering
9 17 (1.66%) Driving Licence
9 17 (1.66%) Hybrid Cloud
10 16 (1.56%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 15 (1.47%) Cyberthreat
12 14 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
13 13 (1.27%) Video Conferencing
14 12 (1.17%) CMDB
15 11 (1.08%) Greenfield Project
15 11 (1.08%) Security Operations Centre
15 11 (1.08%) User Experience
16 8 (0.78%) Internet of Things
16 8 (0.78%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 495 (48.39%) Windows
2 279 (27.27%) Windows Server
3 240 (23.46%) Linux
4 140 (13.69%) Windows 10
5 93 (9.09%) Windows Server 2012
6 73 (7.14%) Windows Server 2016
7 63 (6.16%) Windows Server 2008
8 59 (5.77%) Windows Server 2019
9 57 (5.57%) Windows 7
10 47 (4.59%) Ubuntu
11 43 (4.20%) Unix
12 38 (3.71%) Android
13 35 (3.42%) Mac OS X
14 34 (3.32%) CentOS
15 27 (2.64%) Mac OS
16 21 (2.05%) Windows 8
17 15 (1.47%) Apple iOS
18 14 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 11 (1.08%) Oracle Linux
20 9 (0.88%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 220 (21.51%) ITIL
2 173 (16.91%) DevOps
3 125 (12.22%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 125 (12.22%) Problem-Solving
4 93 (9.09%) Agile Software Development
5 87 (8.50%) Cybersecurity
6 73 (7.14%) Information Security
6 73 (7.14%) Network Monitoring
7 70 (6.84%) Service Delivery
8 68 (6.65%) Kalman Filter
9 67 (6.55%) Disaster Recovery
10 66 (6.45%) Service Management
11 62 (6.06%) Infrastructure as Code
12 58 (5.67%) Problem Management
12 58 (5.67%) SIEM
13 57 (5.57%) Project Management
14 54 (5.28%) Migration
14 54 (5.28%) Presales
15 52 (5.08%) Change Management
15 52 (5.08%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 154 (15.05%) PowerShell
2 129 (12.61%) Python
3 123 (12.02%) SQL
4 75 (7.33%) Bash Shell
5 25 (2.44%) Perl
6 24 (2.35%) JavaScript
7 22 (2.15%) PHP
8 21 (2.05%) Java
9 12 (1.17%) C#
10 10 (0.98%) C
10 10 (0.98%) Shell Script
10 10 (0.98%) VB
11 9 (0.88%) Ruby
12 5 (0.49%) C++
12 5 (0.49%) R
13 4 (0.39%) VBA
14 3 (0.29%) Go
14 3 (0.29%) Groovy
15 2 (0.20%) ABAP
15 2 (0.20%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 225 (21.99%) Cisco Certification
2 137 (13.39%) CCNP
3 136 (13.29%) CCNA
4 73 (7.14%) Microsoft Certification
5 62 (6.06%) Degree
6 54 (5.28%) Security Cleared
7 44 (4.30%) SC Cleared
8 37 (3.62%) MCSA
9 36 (3.52%) MCSE
10 31 (3.03%) CISSP
11 27 (2.64%) JNCIP
12 26 (2.54%) CISM
13 25 (2.44%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 22 (2.15%) DBS Check
15 21 (2.05%) AWS Certification
15 21 (2.05%) ITIL Certification
16 17 (1.66%) MCP
17 16 (1.56%) CCIE
18 15 (1.47%) MCITP
18 15 (1.47%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 132 (12.90%) SLA
2 80 (7.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 60 (5.87%) GDPR
4 30 (2.93%) NIST
5 26 (2.54%) PCI DSS
6 12 (1.17%) QA
7 11 (1.08%) COBIT
8 7 (0.68%) OASIS TOSCA
9 6 (0.59%) Cyber Essentials
10 5 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 4 (0.39%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 4 (0.39%) NCSC
11 4 (0.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.29%) ISO 9001
13 1 (0.098%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 1 (0.098%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 1 (0.098%) NIST 800
System Software
1 416 (40.66%) Active Directory
2 261 (25.51%) VMware Infrastructure
3 163 (15.93%) Hyper-V
4 80 (7.82%) Docker
5 59 (5.77%) VMware ESXi
6 33 (3.23%) Virtual Machines
7 29 (2.83%) Firmware
8 27 (2.64%) vSphere
9 22 (2.15%) XenApp
10 21 (2.05%) Virtual Servers
10 21 (2.05%) VMware NSX
11 19 (1.86%) XenDesktop
12 15 (1.47%) BitLocker
13 13 (1.27%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 13 (1.27%) VMware Workstation
14 10 (0.98%) KVM
14 10 (0.98%) NFS
14 10 (0.98%) Terminal Services
15 6 (0.59%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 6 (0.59%) Xen
Systems Management
1 123 (12.02%) Ansible
2 79 (7.72%) Puppet
3 76 (7.43%) Terraform
4 61 (5.96%) SCCM
5 55 (5.38%) Microsoft Intune
6 49 (4.79%) Kubernetes
7 41 (4.01%) Nagios
8 33 (3.23%) Opscode Chef
9 30 (2.93%) FortiGate
10 21 (2.05%) WSUS
11 20 (1.96%) Cisco CUCM
12 15 (1.47%) Backup Exec
12 15 (1.47%) Prometheus
13 14 (1.37%) Grafana
14 12 (1.17%) Nessus
15 11 (1.08%) SCVMM
16 10 (0.98%) HP UCMDB
16 10 (0.98%) Single Sign-On
17 9 (0.88%) Cisco Prime
18 8 (0.78%) Graylog
Vendors
1 441 (43.11%) Microsoft
2 376 (36.75%) Cisco
3 339 (33.14%) VMware
4 116 (11.34%) Palo Alto
5 110 (10.75%) Citrix
6 95 (9.29%) CheckPoint
7 73 (7.14%) HP
8 69 (6.74%) Juniper
9 64 (6.26%) Fortinet
10 62 (6.06%) Meraki
11 56 (5.47%) F5
11 56 (5.47%) SolarWinds
12 54 (5.28%) Sophos
13 49 (4.79%) Veeam
14 47 (4.59%) Dell
14 47 (4.59%) Google
15 42 (4.11%) Apple
16 40 (3.91%) Avaya
16 40 (3.91%) Oracle
17 32 (3.13%) Aruba