Period
to 18 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 18 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 225 204 185
Rank change year-on-year -21 -19 -2
Permanent jobs citing VPN 2,335 3,016 3,393
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.54% 1.73% 1.91%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.24% 11.40% 11.41%
Number of salaries quoted 1,868 2,404 2,868
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.88% -
10th Percentile £25,350 £25,750 £25,750
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 22,810 26,466 29,730
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.06% 15.22% 16.77%
Number of salaries quoted 17,854 21,463 24,186
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £26,250 £25,750 £25,750
90th Percentile £76,250 £72,500 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing VPN.

Salary trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Salary histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -18 2,198 £45,000 - 390
UK excluding London -33 1,351 £40,000 -5.88% 286
London -14 932 £52,500 - 124
South East -44 438 £42,500 -5.56% 97
North of England -17 319 £37,500 -11.76% 69
Midlands +39 215 £42,500 - 30
East of England +6 213 £41,500 -2.35% 31
West Midlands +43 168 £50,000 +2.04% 20
Yorkshire +5 156 £37,500 -16.67% 31
North West -19 156 £32,500 -23.53% 35
South West -28 89 £40,750 +11.64% 39
East Midlands +31 53 £42,500 +6.25% 10
Wales +16 43 £44,250 +10.63% 8
Scotland -60 31 £36,000 -15.29% 12
Northern Ireland -7 12 £22,000 -18.52%
North East -6 7 £32,500 +8.33% 3
Channel Islands - 2 £32,500 -

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 1,446 (61.93%) Firewall
2 1,159 (49.64%) Windows
3 1,030 (44.11%) Cisco
4 930 (39.83%) Active Directory
5 867 (37.13%) Microsoft
6 834 (35.72%) WAN
7 757 (32.42%) LAN
8 656 (28.09%) DNS
9 641 (27.45%) VMware
10 590 (25.27%) TCP/IP
11 587 (25.14%) Windows Server
12 568 (24.33%) Cisco Certification
13 561 (24.03%) Microsoft Azure
14 532 (22.78%) Linux
15 510 (21.84%) Office 365
16 466 (19.96%) DHCP
17 460 (19.70%) Amazon AWS
18 417 (17.86%) ITIL
19 414 (17.73%) MPLS
20 402 (17.22%) VMware Infrastructure
21 400 (17.13%) CCNP
22 395 (16.92%) Data Centre
23 392 (16.79%) BGP
24 375 (16.06%) Wireless
25 374 (16.02%) VLAN
26 369 (15.80%) Cisco ASA
27 364 (15.59%) Finance
28 359 (15.37%) OSPF
29 346 (14.82%) Network Security
30 335 (14.35%) VoIP

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 310 (13.28%) MS Exchange
2 152 (6.51%) SharePoint
3 125 (5.35%) IIS
4 114 (4.88%) Exchange Server 2010
5 97 (4.15%) Skype for Business
6 80 (3.43%) Exchange Server 2013
7 52 (2.23%) Elasticsearch
8 47 (2.01%) Apache
9 32 (1.37%) OpenStack
10 26 (1.11%) Exchange Server 2007
11 24 (1.03%) Tomcat
12 23 (0.99%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
13 19 (0.81%) JBoss
14 18 (0.77%) Confluence
15 17 (0.73%) Exchange Server 2003
15 17 (0.73%) nginx
15 17 (0.73%) WebSphere
16 14 (0.60%) IBM Notes
16 14 (0.60%) WebLogic
17 13 (0.56%) MQSeries
Applications
1 329 (14.09%) Microsoft Office
2 49 (2.10%) MS Visio
3 43 (1.84%) Microsoft Excel
4 16 (0.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
6 10 (0.43%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.21%) Acrobat
7 5 (0.21%) AutoCAD
8 3 (0.13%) Adobe Premiere
8 3 (0.13%) Avid Media Composer
9 1 (0.043%) 3ds Max
9 1 (0.043%) Camtasia
9 1 (0.043%) MicroStation
9 1 (0.043%) Mozilla Thunderbird
9 1 (0.043%) Revit
9 1 (0.043%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 22 (0.94%) Remedy ITSM
2 16 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.17%) Visualfiles
4 3 (0.13%) Carpe Diem
4 3 (0.13%) Elite 3E
4 3 (0.13%) Unit4 Business World
5 2 (0.086%) Sage 200
5 2 (0.086%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.086%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.086%) Workfront
6 1 (0.043%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.043%) Dynamics GP
6 1 (0.043%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.043%) GoldMine
6 1 (0.043%) Infor CloudSuite Industrial (formerly SyteLine)
6 1 (0.043%) Lawson
6 1 (0.043%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.043%) Rolfe and Nolan
6 1 (0.043%) Sage X3
6 1 (0.043%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 561 (24.03%) Microsoft Azure
2 510 (21.84%) Office 365
3 460 (19.70%) Amazon AWS
4 108 (4.63%) SaaS
5 92 (3.94%) IaaS
6 78 (3.34%) PaaS
7 71 (3.04%) Azure Active Directory
8 63 (2.70%) Cloud Computing
9 62 (2.66%) Mimecast
10 58 (2.48%) Amazon EC2
10 58 (2.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 52 (2.23%) AWS CloudFormation
12 51 (2.18%) Google Cloud Platform
13 43 (1.84%) Amazon S3
14 32 (1.37%) G Suite
15 22 (0.94%) Serverless
16 21 (0.90%) Route 53
17 18 (0.77%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 17 (0.73%) Amazon SQS
18 17 (0.73%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 1,446 (61.93%) Firewall
2 834 (35.72%) WAN
3 757 (32.42%) LAN
4 656 (28.09%) DNS
5 590 (25.27%) TCP/IP
6 466 (19.96%) DHCP
7 414 (17.73%) MPLS
8 392 (16.79%) BGP
9 375 (16.06%) Wireless
10 374 (16.02%) VLAN
11 369 (15.80%) Cisco ASA
12 359 (15.37%) OSPF
13 346 (14.82%) Network Security
14 335 (14.35%) VoIP
15 268 (11.48%) IPsec
16 228 (9.76%) Internet
17 218 (9.34%) SAN
18 196 (8.39%) Cisco Nexus
19 176 (7.54%) Wi-Fi
20 160 (6.85%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 251 (10.75%) SQL Server
2 51 (2.18%) Amazon RDS
3 47 (2.01%) MySQL
4 43 (1.84%) Big Data
5 38 (1.63%) PostgreSQL
6 35 (1.50%) NoSQL
7 34 (1.46%) SQL Server 2008
8 27 (1.16%) SQL Server 2012
9 26 (1.11%) SQL Server 2016
10 23 (0.99%) Relational Database
11 22 (0.94%) Apache Cassandra
11 22 (0.94%) MongoDB
12 18 (0.77%) Power BI
13 14 (0.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 12 (0.51%) SQL Server 2014
15 10 (0.43%) HBase
15 10 (0.43%) Redis
16 8 (0.34%) Couchbase
16 8 (0.34%) MariaDB
16 8 (0.34%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 85 (3.64%) Jenkins
2 68 (2.91%) Git (software)
3 51 (2.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 51 (2.18%) Vagrant
4 50 (2.14%) Hudson
5 47 (2.01%) Subversion
6 38 (1.63%) TeamCity
7 31 (1.33%) Octopus Deploy
8 25 (1.07%) JIRA
9 19 (0.81%) VSS/SourceSafe
10 15 (0.64%) GitLab
11 13 (0.56%) Visual Studio
12 12 (0.51%) Sonatype Nexus
12 12 (0.51%) Team Foundation Server
13 5 (0.21%) Cucumber
14 2 (0.086%) Ant
14 2 (0.086%) Metasploit
14 2 (0.086%) MSI
14 2 (0.086%) Selenium
14 2 (0.086%) TortoiseSVN
General
1 364 (15.59%) Finance
2 155 (6.64%) Telecoms
3 78 (3.34%) Banking
4 63 (2.70%) Retail
5 45 (1.93%) Legal
6 39 (1.67%) Advertising
7 37 (1.58%) French Language
8 32 (1.37%) German Language
9 30 (1.28%) Law
10 27 (1.16%) Back Office
11 25 (1.07%) Marketing
12 19 (0.81%) Manufacturing
13 14 (0.60%) Financial Institution
14 12 (0.51%) Japanese Language
15 11 (0.47%) Swedish Language
16 10 (0.43%) Aerospace
16 10 (0.43%) Electronics
17 9 (0.39%) Games
18 8 (0.34%) Investment Banking
18 8 (0.34%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 527 (22.57%) Network Engineer
2 273 (11.69%) Analyst
3 267 (11.43%) Support Engineer
4 205 (8.78%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 172 (7.37%) Security Engineer
6 171 (7.32%) Architect
7 159 (6.81%) IT Support
8 134 (5.74%) IT Engineer
9 122 (5.22%) 2nd Line Support
10 118 (5.05%) Support Analyst
11 106 (4.54%) Administrator
12 103 (4.41%) Senior Network Engineer
13 99 (4.24%) Network Security Engineer
14 98 (4.20%) Consultant
15 93 (3.98%) Cisco Engineer
16 85 (3.64%) Systems Administrator
17 77 (3.30%) Cisco Network Engineer
18 74 (3.17%) IT Support Engineer
19 72 (3.08%) DevOps Engineer
19 72 (3.08%) IT Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (3.64%) Web Services
2 47 (2.01%) 802.1X
3 44 (1.88%) Elastic Stack
4 40 (1.71%) LDAP
5 33 (1.41%) .NET
6 29 (1.24%) ActiveMQ
7 28 (1.20%) Kafka
7 28 (1.20%) REST
8 24 (1.03%) Node.js
9 18 (0.77%) YAML
10 17 (0.73%) XML
11 16 (0.69%) HTML
12 15 (0.64%) Java EE
12 15 (0.64%) Memcached
13 14 (0.60%) J2EE
13 14 (0.60%) LAMP
14 13 (0.56%) EJB
14 13 (0.56%) Java SE
14 13 (0.56%) JMS
14 13 (0.56%) WebSphere MQ
Miscellaneous
1 395 (16.92%) Data Centre
2 225 (9.64%) Analytical Skills
3 151 (6.47%) Video Conferencing
4 126 (5.40%) Self-Motivation
5 121 (5.18%) Management Information System
6 81 (3.47%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 64 (2.74%) Replication
8 58 (2.48%) Fintech
9 54 (2.31%) Public Cloud
10 51 (2.18%) Clustering
11 49 (2.10%) PKI
12 46 (1.97%) Linux Command Line
13 40 (1.71%) Hybrid Cloud
14 34 (1.46%) Driving Licence
15 32 (1.37%) Virtual Team
16 30 (1.28%) Security Operations Centre
17 28 (1.20%) Blackberry
18 27 (1.16%) Hedge funds
19 25 (1.07%) NHS
19 25 (1.07%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,159 (49.64%) Windows
2 587 (25.14%) Windows Server
3 532 (22.78%) Linux
4 321 (13.75%) Windows 10
5 315 (13.49%) Windows 7
6 288 (12.33%) Windows Server 2012
7 253 (10.84%) Windows Server 2008
8 99 (4.24%) Unix
9 88 (3.77%) Windows 8
10 81 (3.47%) CentOS
11 64 (2.74%) Windows Server 2003
12 51 (2.18%) Mac OS X
12 51 (2.18%) Ubuntu
13 41 (1.76%) Windows XP
14 40 (1.71%) Android
14 40 (1.71%) Apple iOS
15 25 (1.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 24 (1.03%) Mac OS
17 18 (0.77%) Debian
18 17 (0.73%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 417 (17.86%) ITIL
2 313 (13.40%) Problem-Solving
3 284 (12.16%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 204 (8.74%) DevOps
5 203 (8.69%) Load Balancing
6 172 (7.37%) Agile Software Development
7 167 (7.15%) Information Security
8 164 (7.02%) Project Management
9 158 (6.77%) Disaster Recovery
10 146 (6.25%) High Availability
11 143 (6.12%) Service Delivery
12 141 (6.04%) Service Management
13 136 (5.82%) Change Management
14 131 (5.61%) SIEM
15 129 (5.52%) Mentoring
16 125 (5.35%) Cybersecurity
17 124 (5.31%) Network Monitoring
17 124 (5.31%) Presales
18 123 (5.27%) Network Architecture
19 120 (5.14%) Kalman Filter
Programming Languages
1 306 (13.10%) SQL
2 258 (11.05%) PowerShell
3 217 (9.29%) Python
4 123 (5.27%) Java
5 119 (5.10%) Bash Shell
6 72 (3.08%) Perl
7 62 (2.66%) Go
8 56 (2.40%) Ruby
9 53 (2.27%) Shell Script
10 38 (1.63%) JavaScript
11 36 (1.54%) C
12 32 (1.37%) VBScript
13 30 (1.28%) C#
14 26 (1.11%) C++
15 19 (0.81%) PHP
15 19 (0.81%) VB
16 12 (0.51%) AWK
17 9 (0.39%) R
18 6 (0.26%) VBA
19 4 (0.17%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 568 (24.33%) Cisco Certification
2 400 (17.13%) CCNP
3 263 (11.26%) CCNA
4 257 (11.01%) Degree
5 182 (7.79%) Microsoft Certification
6 124 (5.31%) CCIE
7 105 (4.50%) MCSE
8 104 (4.45%) Security Cleared
9 83 (3.55%) SC Cleared
10 68 (2.91%) Computer Science Degree
10 68 (2.91%) MCSA
11 62 (2.66%) CISSP
12 59 (2.53%) MCP
13 52 (2.23%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 44 (1.88%) JNCIS
15 43 (1.84%) ITIL Certification
16 42 (1.80%) CEH
17 39 (1.67%) MCITP
18 38 (1.63%) CCDP
19 30 (1.28%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 203 (8.69%) SLA
2 83 (3.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 45 (1.93%) GDPR
4 34 (1.46%) PCI DSS
5 29 (1.24%) Cyber Essentials
6 25 (1.07%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 21 (0.90%) QA
8 13 (0.56%) PMO
9 8 (0.34%) COBIT
9 8 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 8 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 7 (0.30%) FISMA
11 6 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
12 5 (0.21%) SEPA
13 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 2 (0.086%) Basel III
15 1 (0.043%) ISO 14001
15 1 (0.043%) ISO 15022
15 1 (0.043%) ISO 22301
15 1 (0.043%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 930 (39.83%) Active Directory
2 402 (17.22%) VMware Infrastructure
3 324 (13.88%) Hyper-V
4 146 (6.25%) Docker
5 129 (5.52%) VMware ESXi
6 58 (2.48%) vSphere
7 51 (2.18%) XenApp
8 35 (1.50%) Virtual Machines
8 35 (1.50%) VMware NSX
9 34 (1.46%) Terminal Services
9 34 (1.46%) XenDesktop
10 30 (1.28%) XenServer
11 20 (0.86%) NFS
12 16 (0.69%) Terminal Server
13 15 (0.64%) VMware Server
14 14 (0.60%) Virtual Servers
15 12 (0.51%) Firmware
15 12 (0.51%) Virtual Desktop
16 11 (0.47%) iptables
16 11 (0.47%) Xen
Systems Management
1 127 (5.44%) Ansible
2 120 (5.14%) Nagios
3 107 (4.58%) Kubernetes
3 107 (4.58%) SCCM
4 101 (4.33%) Puppet
5 94 (4.03%) Opscode Chef
6 86 (3.68%) Backup Exec
7 83 (3.55%) Terraform
8 59 (2.53%) Packer
9 57 (2.44%) AirWatch
10 53 (2.27%) Docker Swarm
11 51 (2.18%) Grafana
12 48 (2.06%) Salt
13 47 (2.01%) Graphite
14 46 (1.97%) ZABBIX
15 43 (1.84%) Cisco Prime
15 43 (1.84%) Consul
15 43 (1.84%) Opsview
16 40 (1.71%) Single Sign-On
16 40 (1.71%) WSUS
Vendors
1 1,030 (44.11%) Cisco
2 867 (37.13%) Microsoft
3 641 (27.45%) VMware
4 325 (13.92%) Citrix
5 305 (13.06%) CheckPoint
6 289 (12.38%) Juniper
7 221 (9.46%) Palo Alto
8 212 (9.08%) F5
9 183 (7.84%) HP
10 143 (6.12%) SolarWinds
11 128 (5.48%) Meraki
12 126 (5.40%) Veeam
13 107 (4.58%) Dell
14 98 (4.20%) NetApp
15 93 (3.98%) Fortinet
16 69 (2.96%) Google
16 69 (2.96%) Red Hat
17 68 (2.91%) Apple
18 61 (2.61%) Avaya
19 60 (2.57%) Oracle