Period
to 4 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 4 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
4 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 203 180 209
Rank change year-on-year -23 +29 -11
Permanent jobs citing VPN 1,469 2,737 2,860
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.69% 1.92% 1.67%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.40% 12.28% 11.03%
Number of salaries quoted 1,234 2,140 2,451
Median annual salary £48,000 £45,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.67% -5.26% +11.76%
10th Percentile £26,250 £24,000 £25,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +6.25% -5.88% +6.25%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 12,891 22,296 25,929
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.80% 15.61% 15.14%
Number of salaries quoted 10,074 16,870 20,603
Median annual salary £50,000 £46,500 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.53% +1.09% +2.22%
10th Percentile £27,000 £26,000 £26,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Salary trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 4 June 2020.

Salary histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 4 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -21 1,359 £50,000 +11.11% 90
UK excluding London -17 876 £42,500 +6.25% 77
London +3 556 £60,000 +9.09% 18
South East -49 237 £47,500 +5.56% 16
North of England -55 221 £41,500 +3.75% 22
Midlands +74 128 £32,500 -23.53% 17
South West +71 117 £37,500 +2.74% 10
Work from Home +50 114 £51,250 -21.15% 8
West Midlands +61 107 £32,500 -35.00% 14
North West +38 99 £42,500 +24.09% 10
Yorkshire -72 96 £40,000 -5.88% 9
East of England +40 94 £44,500 +14.84% 7
Scotland +71 43 £36,250 +25.00% 4
Wales -1 38 £42,500 +4.29% 1
North East +31 26 £39,000 -9.12% 3
East Midlands +40 21 £40,000 -5.88% 3

For the 6 months to 4 June 2020, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 897 (61.06%) Firewall
2 689 (46.90%) Windows
3 618 (42.07%) Cisco
4 579 (39.41%) Microsoft
5 572 (38.94%) WAN
6 509 (34.65%) Active Directory
7 501 (34.10%) Office 365
8 489 (33.29%) LAN
9 453 (30.84%) DNS
10 443 (30.16%) Azure
11 421 (28.66%) VMware
12 401 (27.30%) TCP/IP
13 393 (26.75%) Windows Server
14 381 (25.94%) Cisco Certification
15 353 (24.03%) DHCP
16 310 (21.10%) VMware Infrastructure
17 287 (19.54%) Network Security
18 266 (18.11%) Linux
19 251 (17.09%) VLAN
20 250 (17.02%) MPLS
21 249 (16.95%) CCNP
21 249 (16.95%) AWS
22 245 (16.68%) PowerShell
23 238 (16.20%) BGP
24 233 (15.86%) Wireless
25 228 (15.52%) Citrix
26 221 (15.04%) Data Centre
27 220 (14.98%) OSPF
28 218 (14.84%) ITIL
29 217 (14.77%) Hyper-V

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 175 (11.91%) MS Exchange
2 93 (6.33%) Exchange Server 2013
2 93 (6.33%) SharePoint
3 66 (4.49%) IIS
4 64 (4.36%) Exchange Server 2010
5 31 (2.11%) Skype for Business
6 16 (1.09%) Apache
6 16 (1.09%) Elasticsearch
7 12 (0.82%) Confluence
7 12 (0.82%) Exchange Server 2007
8 9 (0.61%) Tomcat
9 7 (0.48%) nginx
10 6 (0.41%) IBM Notes
10 6 (0.41%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.34%) BizTalk Server
12 4 (0.27%) WebLogic
13 3 (0.20%) Gluu
14 2 (0.14%) Apache Spark
14 2 (0.14%) Exchange Server 2003
15 1 (0.068%) WildFly
Applications
1 192 (13.07%) Microsoft Office
2 41 (2.79%) MS Visio
3 37 (2.52%) Microsoft Excel
4 32 (2.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.34%) Acrobat
6 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.14%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 26 (1.77%) Remedy ITSM
2 6 (0.41%) assyst
3 4 (0.27%) FastStats
3 4 (0.27%) Unica
4 3 (0.20%) Exchequer
5 2 (0.14%) Relativity
6 1 (0.068%) Sage 200
6 1 (0.068%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 501 (34.10%) Office 365
2 443 (30.16%) Azure
3 249 (16.95%) AWS
4 87 (5.92%) IaaS
5 82 (5.58%) SaaS
6 70 (4.77%) PaaS
7 68 (4.63%) Azure Active Directory
8 49 (3.34%) AWS CloudFormation
9 46 (3.13%) GCP
10 42 (2.86%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 40 (2.72%) Cloud Computing
12 36 (2.45%) Mimecast
13 33 (2.25%) Azure ExpressRoute
14 25 (1.70%) Amazon ECS
15 23 (1.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 22 (1.50%) Amazon EC2
17 20 (1.36%) G Suite
18 18 (1.23%) GitHub
19 17 (1.16%) OpenShift
20 16 (1.09%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 897 (61.06%) Firewall
2 572 (38.94%) WAN
3 489 (33.29%) LAN
4 453 (30.84%) DNS
5 401 (27.30%) TCP/IP
6 353 (24.03%) DHCP
7 287 (19.54%) Network Security
8 251 (17.09%) VLAN
9 250 (17.02%) MPLS
10 238 (16.20%) BGP
11 233 (15.86%) Wireless
12 220 (14.98%) OSPF
13 206 (14.02%) VoIP
14 188 (12.80%) IPsec
15 183 (12.46%) Cisco ASA
16 160 (10.89%) SSL
17 120 (8.17%) SAN
18 114 (7.76%) Internet
19 104 (7.08%) WLAN
20 92 (6.26%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 141 (9.60%) SQL Server
2 32 (2.18%) Amazon RDS
3 24 (1.63%) MySQL
4 21 (1.43%) SQL Server 2012
5 17 (1.16%) Relational Database
6 15 (1.02%) SQL Server 2014
7 11 (0.75%) Oracle Database
8 10 (0.68%) NoSQL
8 10 (0.68%) PostgreSQL
9 9 (0.61%) SQL Server 2008
10 7 (0.48%) RDBMS
11 6 (0.41%) MongoDB
12 5 (0.34%) Azure SQL Database
12 5 (0.34%) MS Access
12 5 (0.34%) SQL Server 2005
13 4 (0.27%) Apache Cassandra
13 4 (0.27%) SQL Server 2017
14 3 (0.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 3 (0.20%) Big Data
14 3 (0.20%) DB2
Development Applications
1 36 (2.45%) JIRA
2 29 (1.97%) VSS/SourceSafe
3 19 (1.29%) Jenkins
4 18 (1.23%) Git (software)
5 14 (0.95%) Metasploit
6 13 (0.88%) Selenium
7 10 (0.68%) Bitbucket
7 10 (0.68%) Vagrant
8 9 (0.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 8 (0.54%) Visual Studio
10 7 (0.48%) Burp Suite
10 7 (0.48%) Hudson
11 5 (0.34%) Octopus Deploy
12 3 (0.20%) TeamCity
13 2 (0.14%) Artifactory
13 2 (0.14%) Bitbucket Server
13 2 (0.14%) CircleCI
13 2 (0.14%) git-flow
13 2 (0.14%) Gradle
13 2 (0.14%) JMeter
General
1 155 (10.55%) Finance
2 66 (4.49%) Telecoms
3 58 (3.95%) Retail
4 41 (2.79%) Legal
5 33 (2.25%) Law
6 32 (2.18%) Banking
7 22 (1.50%) Public Sector
8 21 (1.43%) Marketing
9 20 (1.36%) Manufacturing
10 18 (1.23%) Advertising
11 12 (0.82%) Japanese Language
12 11 (0.75%) Automotive
12 11 (0.75%) Pharmaceutical
13 10 (0.68%) Local Government
14 7 (0.48%) Electronics
14 7 (0.48%) Financial Institution
15 4 (0.27%) Billing
16 3 (0.20%) Investment Banking
16 3 (0.20%) Military
16 3 (0.20%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 366 (24.91%) Network Engineer
2 170 (11.57%) Analyst
3 167 (11.37%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 144 (9.80%) Support Engineer
5 98 (6.67%) Consultant
6 97 (6.60%) Architect
7 90 (6.13%) Senior Network Engineer
8 89 (6.06%) IT Support
9 83 (5.65%) IT Engineer
10 82 (5.58%) Support Analyst
11 65 (4.42%) 3rd Line Engineer
12 63 (4.29%) 3rd Line Support
13 60 (4.08%) Security Engineer
14 57 (3.88%) Administrator
15 55 (3.74%) Systems Engineer
16 53 (3.61%) Systems Administrator
17 48 (3.27%) 2nd Line Support
17 48 (3.27%) Cloud Engineer
18 45 (3.06%) DevOps Engineer
18 45 (3.06%) Technical Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 65 (4.42%) LDAP
2 55 (3.74%) 802.1X
3 50 (3.40%) XML
4 40 (2.72%) HTML
5 35 (2.38%) CSS
6 34 (2.31%) Ajax
7 27 (1.84%) Web Services
8 15 (1.02%) SOAP
9 14 (0.95%) .NET
9 14 (0.95%) SAML
10 13 (0.88%) Elastic Stack
11 12 (0.82%) JSON
11 12 (0.82%) REST
12 9 (0.61%) RESTful
13 8 (0.54%) Middleware
14 7 (0.48%) Node.js
15 6 (0.41%) Jinja
15 6 (0.41%) LAMP
16 5 (0.34%) ASP.NET
17 4 (0.27%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 221 (15.04%) Data Centre
2 102 (6.94%) Analytical Skills
3 96 (6.54%) Management Information System
4 70 (4.77%) Public Cloud
5 64 (4.36%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 47 (3.20%) Self-Motivation
7 45 (3.06%) Hybrid Cloud
8 40 (2.72%) Driving Licence
9 38 (2.59%) Clustering
10 37 (2.52%) Enterprise Storage
11 36 (2.45%) PKI
12 26 (1.77%) Video Conferencing
13 24 (1.63%) Linux Command Line
14 20 (1.36%) Replication
15 15 (1.02%) CMDB
15 15 (1.02%) Smartphone
15 15 (1.02%) User Experience
16 14 (0.95%) Greenfield Project
17 13 (0.88%) Cyberthreat
18 11 (0.75%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 689 (46.90%) Windows
2 393 (26.75%) Windows Server
3 266 (18.11%) Linux
4 186 (12.66%) Windows 10
5 156 (10.62%) Windows Server 2012
6 130 (8.85%) Windows Server 2016
7 120 (8.17%) Windows 7
8 91 (6.19%) Windows Server 2008
9 60 (4.08%) Windows Server 2019
10 53 (3.61%) Unix
11 33 (2.25%) Windows 8
12 32 (2.18%) CentOS
13 28 (1.91%) Ubuntu
14 27 (1.84%) Android
15 26 (1.77%) Mac OS
16 20 (1.36%) Apple iOS
16 20 (1.36%) Debian
17 17 (1.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
18 16 (1.09%) Windows Server 2003
19 15 (1.02%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 218 (14.84%) ITIL
2 211 (14.36%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 200 (13.61%) Problem-Solving
4 151 (10.28%) DevOps
5 137 (9.33%) Information Security
6 123 (8.37%) Load Balancing
7 114 (7.76%) Change Management
8 111 (7.56%) Cybersecurity
9 95 (6.47%) Migration
10 83 (5.65%) Disaster Recovery
10 83 (5.65%) Project Delivery
11 78 (5.31%) Agile Software Development
12 77 (5.24%) High Availability
13 74 (5.04%) Network Monitoring
14 72 (4.90%) Computer Science
14 72 (4.90%) Network Design
15 70 (4.77%) Project Management
16 69 (4.70%) Security Operations
17 62 (4.22%) Service Delivery
18 60 (4.08%) Penetration Testing
Programming Languages
1 245 (16.68%) PowerShell
2 138 (9.39%) Python
3 113 (7.69%) SQL
4 61 (4.15%) Bash Shell
5 45 (3.06%) JavaScript
6 40 (2.72%) C
7 36 (2.45%) C#
8 31 (2.11%) VBScript
9 29 (1.97%) Ruby
10 28 (1.91%) Java
11 25 (1.70%) Perl
12 22 (1.50%) PHP
13 21 (1.43%) VB
14 20 (1.36%) Shell Script
15 19 (1.29%) Go
16 15 (1.02%) C++
17 10 (0.68%) T-SQL
18 7 (0.48%) Lua
19 3 (0.20%) AWK
19 3 (0.20%) sed
Qualifications
1 381 (25.94%) Cisco Certification
2 249 (16.95%) CCNP
3 203 (13.82%) CCNA
4 174 (11.84%) Degree
5 111 (7.56%) Microsoft Certification
6 88 (5.99%) MCSE
7 77 (5.24%) Security Cleared
8 64 (4.36%) Computer Science Degree
9 41 (2.79%) MCP
10 38 (2.59%) MCSA
11 37 (2.52%) SC Cleared
12 36 (2.45%) CISSP
13 31 (2.11%) ITIL Certification
14 30 (2.04%) CCIE
15 26 (1.77%) DV Cleared
16 25 (1.70%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 23 (1.57%) JNCIP
18 22 (1.50%) CCSA
19 18 (1.23%) MCITP
19 18 (1.23%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 121 (8.24%) SLA
2 111 (7.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 37 (2.52%) PCI DSS
4 28 (1.91%) Cyber Essentials
5 26 (1.77%) GDPR
6 22 (1.50%) BS25999
6 22 (1.50%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 14 (0.95%) NIST
8 12 (0.82%) QA
9 10 (0.68%) NCSC
10 7 (0.48%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 5 (0.34%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 5 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 4 (0.27%) ISO 9001
12 4 (0.27%) NIST 800
13 1 (0.068%) COBIT
13 1 (0.068%) Disclosure Scotland
13 1 (0.068%) HIPAA
System Software
1 509 (34.65%) Active Directory
2 310 (21.10%) VMware Infrastructure
3 217 (14.77%) Hyper-V
4 86 (5.85%) XenApp
5 85 (5.79%) Docker
6 80 (5.45%) XenDesktop
7 46 (3.13%) VMware ESXi
8 43 (2.93%) vSphere
9 30 (2.04%) BitLocker
9 30 (2.04%) Virtual Servers
10 26 (1.77%) NFS
10 26 (1.77%) Virtual Machines
11 22 (1.50%) VMware NSX
12 18 (1.23%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 17 (1.16%) VMware Workstation
14 16 (1.09%) Terminal Services
15 11 (0.75%) Firmware
16 10 (0.68%) VMware Server
17 8 (0.54%) Virtual Desktop
18 4 (0.27%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 114 (7.76%) SCCM
2 94 (6.40%) Ansible
3 83 (5.65%) Terraform
4 71 (4.83%) Kubernetes
5 63 (4.29%) Single Sign-On
6 56 (3.81%) Puppet
7 53 (3.61%) Backup Exec
8 46 (3.13%) FortiGate
9 41 (2.79%) Microsoft Intune
10 37 (2.52%) Opscode Chef
11 28 (1.91%) WSUS
12 23 (1.57%) Nagios
13 21 (1.43%) Cisco Prime
14 20 (1.36%) SCOM
15 19 (1.29%) Nessus
16 15 (1.02%) HP UCMDB
17 14 (0.95%) Opsgenie
18 13 (0.88%) vCenter Server
18 13 (0.88%) ZABBIX
19 12 (0.82%) Cisco CUCM
Vendors
1 618 (42.07%) Cisco
2 579 (39.41%) Microsoft
3 421 (28.66%) VMware
4 228 (15.52%) Citrix
5 182 (12.39%) CheckPoint
6 170 (11.57%) Palo Alto
7 146 (9.94%) HP
8 145 (9.87%) Juniper
9 114 (7.76%) F5
10 96 (6.54%) Veeam
11 80 (5.45%) SolarWinds
12 75 (5.11%) Meraki
13 73 (4.97%) Fortinet
14 69 (4.70%) ServiceNow
15 61 (4.15%) Sophos
16 48 (3.27%) Google
17 42 (2.86%) Aruba
18 39 (2.65%) Symantec
19 38 (2.59%) Red Hat
20 35 (2.38%) Apple