Period
to 14 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 14 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
14 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 202 183 217
Rank change year-on-year -19 +34 -19
Permanent jobs citing VPN 1,076 2,756 2,750
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.73% 1.94% 1.62%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.20% 12.40% 10.76%
Number of salaries quoted 929 2,104 2,412
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% -2.17% +8.24%
10th Percentile £26,250 £24,750 £25,000
90th Percentile £80,250 £77,500 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 9,610 22,231 25,560
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.47% 15.63% 15.07%
Number of salaries quoted 7,509 16,706 20,202
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £47,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% -4.26% +4.44%
10th Percentile £28,750 £25,750 £25,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Salary trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 14 August 2020.

Salary histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 14 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -23 969 £52,500 +16.67% 126
UK excluding London -17 640 £45,000 +5.88% 101
London +7 392 £62,500 +19.05% 33
North of England -55 174 £40,000 -1.23% 24
South East -17 152 £50,000 +11.11% 28
Work from Home +20 103 £47,500 -26.92% 9
Midlands +34 96 £45,000 -5.26% 14
South West +62 84 £41,474 +5.66% 22
West Midlands +41 84 £45,000 -5.26% 9
North West +67 78 £53,125 +47.57% 18
Yorkshire -56 78 £40,000 -9.09% 5
East of England +53 66 £44,500 +11.25% 5
Wales +43 35 £39,500 -1.25% 3
Scotland +77 34 £40,000 +20.30% 5
North East +28 18 £37,500 -31.82% 1
East Midlands +30 12 £41,250 -13.16% 5
Northern Ireland -5 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 14 August 2020, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 692 (64.31%) Firewall
2 498 (46.28%) Cisco
3 462 (42.94%) Windows
4 439 (40.80%) WAN
5 434 (40.33%) Microsoft
6 391 (36.34%) Azure
7 375 (34.85%) Office 365
8 374 (34.76%) LAN
9 367 (34.11%) Active Directory
10 317 (29.46%) VMware
11 308 (28.62%) DNS
12 299 (27.79%) Cisco Certification
13 296 (27.51%) Windows Server
14 246 (22.86%) Network Security
15 244 (22.68%) TCP/IP
16 241 (22.40%) DHCP
17 225 (20.91%) AWS
18 224 (20.82%) VMware Infrastructure
19 208 (19.33%) Wireless
20 205 (19.05%) ITIL
21 202 (18.77%) Linux
22 197 (18.31%) MPLS
23 193 (17.94%) CCNP
24 191 (17.75%) Hyper-V
25 183 (17.01%) VLAN
26 178 (16.54%) PowerShell
27 173 (16.08%) OSPF
28 169 (15.71%) BGP
29 166 (15.43%) VoIP
30 165 (15.33%) Infrastructure Engineering

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 118 (10.97%) MS Exchange
2 80 (7.43%) SharePoint
3 67 (6.23%) Skype for Business
4 63 (5.86%) IIS
5 51 (4.74%) Exchange Server 2013
6 35 (3.25%) Exchange Server 2010
7 21 (1.95%) Confluence
8 19 (1.77%) Elasticsearch
9 14 (1.30%) Apache
10 6 (0.56%) nginx
10 6 (0.56%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.46%) Tomcat
12 4 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
12 4 (0.37%) IBM Notes
13 3 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
13 3 (0.28%) Exchange Server 2007
13 3 (0.28%) Gluu
14 2 (0.19%) Exchange Server 2003
15 1 (0.093%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 123 (11.43%) Microsoft Office
2 36 (3.35%) MS Visio
3 15 (1.39%) Microsoft Excel
4 11 (1.02%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.093%) AutoCAD
5 1 (0.093%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.093%) Revit
5 1 (0.093%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 21 (1.95%) Remedy ITSM
2 4 (0.37%) FastStats
2 4 (0.37%) Unica
3 3 (0.28%) assyst
3 3 (0.28%) Exchequer
4 2 (0.19%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 391 (36.34%) Azure
2 375 (34.85%) Office 365
3 225 (20.91%) AWS
4 73 (6.78%) SaaS
5 70 (6.51%) Azure Active Directory
5 70 (6.51%) IaaS
6 66 (6.13%) PaaS
7 51 (4.74%) GCP
8 43 (4.00%) AWS CloudFormation
9 39 (3.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 36 (3.35%) Mimecast
11 35 (3.25%) Cloud Computing
12 31 (2.88%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 30 (2.79%) Amazon EC2
14 26 (2.42%) Route 53
15 24 (2.23%) Amazon S3
15 24 (2.23%) Serverless
16 19 (1.77%) Amazon ECS
17 18 (1.67%) Slack
18 16 (1.49%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 692 (64.31%) Firewall
2 439 (40.80%) WAN
3 374 (34.76%) LAN
4 308 (28.62%) DNS
5 246 (22.86%) Network Security
6 244 (22.68%) TCP/IP
7 241 (22.40%) DHCP
8 208 (19.33%) Wireless
9 197 (18.31%) MPLS
10 183 (17.01%) VLAN
11 173 (16.08%) OSPF
12 169 (15.71%) BGP
13 166 (15.43%) VoIP
14 138 (12.83%) IPsec
15 123 (11.43%) Cisco ASA
16 112 (10.41%) Internet
17 107 (9.94%) SSL
18 89 (8.27%) SAN
19 84 (7.81%) Skype
19 84 (7.81%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 115 (10.69%) SQL Server
2 41 (3.81%) Amazon RDS
3 17 (1.58%) MySQL
4 14 (1.30%) NoSQL
5 13 (1.21%) MongoDB
5 13 (1.21%) PostgreSQL
5 13 (1.21%) Relational Database
6 10 (0.93%) Apache Cassandra
6 10 (0.93%) SQL Server 2012
7 9 (0.84%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 8 (0.74%) Azure SQL Database
8 8 (0.74%) SQL Server 2014
9 6 (0.56%) Oracle Database
9 6 (0.56%) Redis
10 5 (0.46%) SQL Server 2008
11 3 (0.28%) RDBMS
12 2 (0.19%) SQL Server 2017
13 1 (0.093%) Amazon Redshift
13 1 (0.093%) BigQuery
13 1 (0.093%) SQL Server 2019
Development Applications
1 34 (3.16%) JIRA
2 19 (1.77%) Jenkins
3 17 (1.58%) Vagrant
4 13 (1.21%) VSS/SourceSafe
5 11 (1.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 11 (1.02%) Git (software)
6 10 (0.93%) Bitbucket
6 10 (0.93%) Selenium
7 9 (0.84%) Visual Studio
8 8 (0.74%) Artifactory
8 8 (0.74%) Hudson
8 8 (0.74%) SonarQube
9 6 (0.56%) Bitbucket Server
9 6 (0.56%) Sonatype Nexus
10 5 (0.46%) Octopus Deploy
11 3 (0.28%) TeamCity
12 2 (0.19%) GitLab
12 2 (0.19%) Gradle
13 1 (0.093%) Cucumber
13 1 (0.093%) Redmine
General
1 157 (14.59%) Finance
2 72 (6.69%) Telecoms
3 33 (3.07%) Retail
4 32 (2.97%) Banking
5 26 (2.42%) Legal
6 22 (2.04%) Law
7 16 (1.49%) Public Sector
8 15 (1.39%) Financial Institution
8 15 (1.39%) Marketing
9 13 (1.21%) Manufacturing
10 12 (1.12%) Advertising
11 10 (0.93%) Local Government
12 5 (0.46%) Aerospace
12 5 (0.46%) Electronics
13 4 (0.37%) Investment Banking
13 4 (0.37%) Military
13 4 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.28%) Automotive
14 3 (0.28%) Japanese Language
15 2 (0.19%) French Language
Job Titles
1 274 (25.46%) Network Engineer
2 119 (11.06%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 112 (10.41%) Analyst
4 82 (7.62%) Support Engineer
5 78 (7.25%) IT Engineer
6 77 (7.16%) Consultant
7 76 (7.06%) Senior Network Engineer
8 66 (6.13%) Architect
9 57 (5.30%) IT Support
10 51 (4.74%) Security Engineer
11 50 (4.65%) Cloud Engineer
12 47 (4.37%) Systems Engineer
13 42 (3.90%) DevOps Engineer
14 36 (3.35%) Administrator
14 36 (3.35%) Network Security Engineer
14 36 (3.35%) Technical Consultant
15 35 (3.25%) Senior Infrastructure Engineer
15 35 (3.25%) Support Analyst
16 33 (3.07%) Cisco Engineer
16 33 (3.07%) IT Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (3.90%) 802.1X
2 39 (3.62%) LDAP
3 38 (3.53%) XML
4 32 (2.97%) HTML
4 32 (2.97%) Web Services
5 27 (2.51%) Ajax
5 27 (2.51%) CSS
6 19 (1.77%) SOAP
7 16 (1.49%) .NET
8 13 (1.21%) Elastic Stack
9 12 (1.12%) REST
9 12 (1.12%) SAML
10 9 (0.84%) JSON
11 8 (0.74%) Node.js
12 6 (0.56%) Middleware
12 6 (0.56%) RESTful
13 5 (0.46%) ASP.NET
13 5 (0.46%) RabbitMQ
13 5 (0.46%) XMPP
14 4 (0.37%) MEAN Stack
Miscellaneous
1 149 (13.85%) Data Centre
2 80 (7.43%) Management Information System
3 66 (6.13%) Analytical Skills
4 53 (4.93%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
5 51 (4.74%) Public Cloud
6 37 (3.44%) Self-Motivation
7 35 (3.25%) Clustering
7 35 (3.25%) Hybrid Cloud
8 27 (2.51%) Driving Licence
9 26 (2.42%) Replication
10 25 (2.32%) PKI
11 22 (2.04%) Enterprise Storage
11 22 (2.04%) Video Conferencing
12 19 (1.77%) CMDB
13 13 (1.21%) Greenfield Project
14 12 (1.12%) Linux Command Line
15 8 (0.74%) iPhone
15 8 (0.74%) Security Operations Centre
16 7 (0.65%) Fat Client
16 7 (0.65%) Handset
Operating Systems
1 462 (42.94%) Windows
2 296 (27.51%) Windows Server
3 202 (18.77%) Linux
4 120 (11.15%) Windows 10
5 115 (10.69%) Windows Server 2012
6 98 (9.11%) Windows Server 2016
7 84 (7.81%) Windows Server 2008
8 75 (6.97%) Windows 7
9 55 (5.11%) Windows Server 2019
10 42 (3.90%) Unix
11 35 (3.25%) CentOS
12 22 (2.04%) Ubuntu
13 21 (1.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 18 (1.67%) Mac OS X
15 17 (1.58%) Windows 8
16 14 (1.30%) Android
16 14 (1.30%) Mac OS
17 12 (1.12%) Debian
18 11 (1.02%) Windows Server 2003
19 10 (0.93%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 205 (19.05%) ITIL
2 165 (15.33%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 154 (14.31%) Problem-Solving
4 126 (11.71%) DevOps
5 97 (9.01%) Information Security
6 90 (8.36%) Load Balancing
7 85 (7.90%) Change Management
7 85 (7.90%) Cybersecurity
8 76 (7.06%) Disaster Recovery
9 74 (6.88%) High Availability
10 73 (6.78%) Agile Software Development
11 69 (6.41%) Project Management
12 62 (5.76%) Configuration Management
12 62 (5.76%) Network Monitoring
13 61 (5.67%) Mentoring
14 59 (5.48%) Project Delivery
15 56 (5.20%) Customer Requirements
16 55 (5.11%) Migration
16 55 (5.11%) SIEM
17 49 (4.55%) Kalman Filter
Programming Languages
1 178 (16.54%) PowerShell
2 125 (11.62%) Python
3 100 (9.29%) SQL
4 58 (5.39%) Bash Shell
5 35 (3.25%) JavaScript
6 27 (2.51%) Ruby
7 23 (2.14%) Java
8 22 (2.04%) C#
9 20 (1.86%) Perl
10 19 (1.77%) VBScript
11 18 (1.67%) C
12 17 (1.58%) Go
13 16 (1.49%) Shell Script
14 14 (1.30%) PHP
15 13 (1.21%) C++
16 10 (0.93%) T-SQL
17 9 (0.84%) VB
18 6 (0.56%) PL/SQL
19 3 (0.28%) AWK
19 3 (0.28%) sed
Qualifications
1 299 (27.79%) Cisco Certification
2 193 (17.94%) CCNP
3 160 (14.87%) CCNA
4 111 (10.32%) Degree
5 74 (6.88%) Microsoft Certification
6 66 (6.13%) MCSE
7 56 (5.20%) Security Cleared
8 46 (4.28%) Computer Science Degree
9 41 (3.81%) SC Cleared
10 27 (2.51%) CISSP
11 24 (2.23%) CCIE
12 23 (2.14%) ITIL Certification
13 21 (1.95%) MCSA
14 20 (1.86%) DV Cleared
15 17 (1.58%) CCDP
16 16 (1.49%) MCP
17 15 (1.39%) JNCIS
18 14 (1.30%) CISM
18 14 (1.30%) MCITP
19 13 (1.21%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 113 (10.50%) SLA
2 84 (7.81%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 47 (4.37%) PCI DSS
4 28 (2.60%) GDPR
5 21 (1.95%) BS25999
5 21 (1.95%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 14 (1.30%) Cyber Essentials
7 12 (1.12%) NCSC
7 12 (1.12%) NIST
8 8 (0.74%) COBIT
9 5 (0.46%) QA
10 4 (0.37%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 4 (0.37%) ISO 9001
10 4 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 2 (0.19%) NIST 800
13 1 (0.093%) HIPAA
13 1 (0.093%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 367 (34.11%) Active Directory
2 224 (20.82%) VMware Infrastructure
3 191 (17.75%) Hyper-V
4 71 (6.60%) Docker
5 52 (4.83%) Virtual Machines
5 52 (4.83%) XenApp
6 47 (4.37%) XenDesktop
7 44 (4.09%) VMware ESXi
8 33 (3.07%) vSphere
9 29 (2.70%) Virtual Servers
10 25 (2.32%) NFS
11 21 (1.95%) BitLocker
12 20 (1.86%) VMware NSX
13 16 (1.49%) VMware Workstation
14 14 (1.30%) Firmware
15 13 (1.21%) Microsoft Virtual Server
16 9 (0.84%) Terminal Services
16 9 (0.84%) VMware Server
17 6 (0.56%) GlusterFS
17 6 (0.56%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 103 (9.57%) Ansible
2 77 (7.16%) Terraform
3 67 (6.23%) Kubernetes
4 63 (5.86%) Puppet
4 63 (5.86%) SCCM
5 47 (4.37%) FortiGate
6 45 (4.18%) Opscode Chef
7 44 (4.09%) Nagios
8 43 (4.00%) Backup Exec
9 40 (3.72%) Single Sign-On
10 39 (3.62%) Microsoft Intune
11 29 (2.70%) SCVMM
12 21 (1.95%) Cisco Prime
13 19 (1.77%) HP UCMDB
13 19 (1.77%) WSUS
14 14 (1.30%) ZABBIX
15 13 (1.21%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
16 12 (1.12%) Docker Swarm
16 12 (1.12%) Prometheus
17 11 (1.02%) Packer
Vendors
1 498 (46.28%) Cisco
2 434 (40.33%) Microsoft
3 317 (29.46%) VMware
4 161 (14.96%) CheckPoint
5 154 (14.31%) Palo Alto
6 150 (13.94%) Citrix
7 113 (10.50%) HP
8 106 (9.85%) Juniper
9 76 (7.06%) F5
10 73 (6.78%) Fortinet
10 73 (6.78%) Sophos
10 73 (6.78%) Veeam
11 64 (5.95%) Meraki
12 57 (5.30%) SolarWinds
13 44 (4.09%) Avaya
14 40 (3.72%) ServiceNow
15 37 (3.44%) Aruba
16 36 (3.35%) Symantec
17 31 (2.88%) Dell
18 29 (2.70%) McAfee