Period
to 27 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 27 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
27 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 222 206 193
Rank change year-on-year -16 -13 +28
Permanent jobs citing VPN 1,910 814 2,728
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.56% 1.71% 1.94%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 12.11% 10.96% 12.37%
Number of salaries quoted 1,492 669 1,966
10th Percentile £25,750 £27,500 £25,000
25th Percentile £33,000 £36,250 £31,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £45,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year -10.00% +11.11% -
75th Percentile £62,500 £70,000 £61,250
90th Percentile £79,875 £85,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £44,000 £41,500
% change year-on-year -3.41% +6.02% +3.75%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 15,775 7,430 22,049
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.92% 15.59% 15.70%
Number of salaries quoted 10,915 6,051 16,956
10th Percentile £27,500 £30,684 £25,594
25th Percentile £36,250 £38,000 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £52,500 £45,500
Median % change year-on-year -4.76% +15.38% -4.21%
75th Percentile £68,750 £68,750 £62,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Salary trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 27 September 2021.

Salary histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 27 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -10 1,736 £45,000 -11.54% 373
UK excluding London +3 1,232 £42,500 -3.41% 295
London -77 603 £52,500 -19.23% 104
South East +35 440 £45,000 -10.89% 76
Work from Home -73 390 £52,500 +5.00% 50
North of England -21 273 £43,250 -2.81% 69
Midlands -44 190 £37,500 -16.67% 58
South West -18 151 £36,500 -2.67% 39
Yorkshire -25 129 £47,500 +18.75% 23
North West -35 129 £42,500 -19.05% 39
West Midlands -66 116 £41,250 -8.33% 36
East of England -53 81 £45,000 +50.00% 27
East Midlands -16 72 £37,500 -16.67% 21
Scotland -74 60 £47,500 +15.15% 15
Wales -18 54 £42,500 +7.59% 11
North East -7 35 £43,500 -13.00% 7
Northern Ireland -49 1 £115,000 -

For the 6 months to 27 September 2021, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 1,101 (57.64%) Firewall
2 1,015 (53.14%) Windows
3 891 (46.65%) Microsoft
4 772 (40.42%) Active Directory
5 716 (37.49%) Azure
6 713 (37.33%) Microsoft 365
7 637 (33.35%) Cisco
8 558 (29.21%) Windows Server
9 551 (28.85%) DNS
10 528 (27.64%) Social Skills
11 527 (27.59%) WAN
12 482 (25.24%) LAN
13 472 (24.71%) Linux
14 460 (24.08%) VMware
15 414 (21.68%) DHCP
16 362 (18.95%) PowerShell
17 360 (18.85%) TCP/IP
18 359 (18.80%) ITIL
19 350 (18.32%) Windows 10
20 329 (17.23%) VMware Infrastructure
21 328 (17.17%) AWS
22 317 (16.60%) Cisco Certification
23 283 (14.82%) Finance
24 269 (14.08%) Infrastructure Engineering
25 268 (14.03%) Problem-Solving
26 264 (13.82%) VLAN
27 255 (13.35%) DevOps
28 248 (12.98%) Hyper-V
29 241 (12.62%) Microsoft Office
30 226 (11.83%) CCNA

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 217 (11.36%) MS Exchange
2 171 (8.95%) SharePoint
3 68 (3.56%) Confluence
4 61 (3.19%) IIS
5 53 (2.77%) Exchange Server 2013
6 46 (2.41%) nginx
7 40 (2.09%) Apache
8 27 (1.41%) Cloud Foundry
9 24 (1.26%) Exchange Server 2010
9 24 (1.26%) Skype for Business
9 24 (1.26%) Tomcat
10 23 (1.20%) Elasticsearch
11 12 (0.63%) CMS
12 11 (0.58%) Sitecore CMS
12 11 (0.58%) Umbraco
12 11 (0.58%) WordPress
13 9 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2007
13 9 (0.47%) OpenStack
14 6 (0.31%) SAS
15 4 (0.21%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
Applications
1 241 (12.62%) Microsoft Office
2 63 (3.30%) Microsoft Excel
3 39 (2.04%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 27 (1.41%) MS Visio
5 12 (0.63%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 6 (0.31%) MicroStation
6 6 (0.31%) Revit
7 4 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 32 (1.68%) Remedy ITSM
2 11 (0.58%) Sage 200
3 7 (0.37%) Relativity
3 7 (0.37%) Sentinel
4 6 (0.31%) Elite 3E
4 6 (0.31%) Unica
5 4 (0.21%) FastStats
5 4 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
5 4 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
6 3 (0.16%) Exchequer
6 3 (0.16%) Magento
6 3 (0.16%) Sage 300 ERP
6 3 (0.16%) Sage CRM
7 2 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.052%) BambooHR
8 1 (0.052%) BASE24
8 1 (0.052%) Carpe Diem
8 1 (0.052%) Dynamics GP
8 1 (0.052%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.052%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 716 (37.49%) Azure
2 713 (37.33%) Microsoft 365
3 328 (17.17%) AWS
4 165 (8.64%) Azure Active Directory
5 150 (7.85%) PaaS
6 145 (7.59%) IaaS
7 135 (7.07%) SaaS
8 90 (4.71%) OneDrive
9 71 (3.72%) GCP
10 62 (3.25%) Cloud Computing
10 62 (3.25%) GitHub
11 57 (2.98%) Mimecast
12 45 (2.36%) Amazon EC2
13 41 (2.15%) AWS CloudFormation
14 39 (2.04%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 38 (1.99%) Power Platform
15 38 (1.99%) Serverless
16 37 (1.94%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 33 (1.73%) Azure Service Bus
18 32 (1.68%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 1,101 (57.64%) Firewall
2 551 (28.85%) DNS
3 527 (27.59%) WAN
4 482 (25.24%) LAN
5 414 (21.68%) DHCP
6 360 (18.85%) TCP/IP
7 264 (13.82%) VLAN
8 219 (11.47%) BGP
9 213 (11.15%) OSPF
10 205 (10.73%) Network Security
10 205 (10.73%) Wi-Fi
11 203 (10.63%) VoIP
12 198 (10.37%) MPLS
13 166 (8.69%) Wireless
14 165 (8.64%) IPsec
15 149 (7.80%) SAN
16 128 (6.70%) Internet
16 128 (6.70%) SSL
17 101 (5.29%) Cisco ASA
18 94 (4.92%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 172 (9.01%) SQL Server
2 40 (2.09%) PostgreSQL
3 36 (1.88%) MySQL
4 31 (1.62%) Amazon RDS
5 28 (1.47%) NoSQL
6 25 (1.31%) Big Data
7 20 (1.05%) Azure SQL Database
8 19 (0.99%) Relational Database
8 19 (0.99%) SQL Server 2012
9 17 (0.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 16 (0.84%) Power BI
11 15 (0.79%) Redis
12 14 (0.73%) MariaDB
12 14 (0.73%) SQL Server 2019
13 13 (0.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 11 (0.58%) Oracle Database
14 11 (0.58%) Tableau
15 10 (0.52%) RDBMS
15 10 (0.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 9 (0.47%) MarkLogic
Development Applications
1 122 (6.39%) JIRA
2 76 (3.98%) Jenkins
3 70 (3.66%) Git (software)
4 40 (2.09%) GitLab
5 24 (1.26%) Subversion
6 20 (1.05%) Team Foundation Server
6 20 (1.05%) TeamCity
6 20 (1.05%) Visual Studio Team System
7 16 (0.84%) Selenium
8 15 (0.79%) Sonatype Nexus
8 15 (0.79%) Visual Studio
9 11 (0.58%) Bitbucket
10 9 (0.47%) VSS/SourceSafe
11 8 (0.42%) Burp Suite
11 8 (0.42%) Metasploit
12 7 (0.37%) Octopus Deploy
12 7 (0.37%) SonarQube
13 6 (0.31%) Android Studio
13 6 (0.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 6 (0.31%) Oracle APEX
General
1 528 (27.64%) Social Skills
2 283 (14.82%) Finance
3 155 (8.12%) Analytical Skills
4 99 (5.18%) Telecoms
5 84 (4.40%) Law
6 74 (3.87%) Legal
7 72 (3.77%) Organisational Skills
8 68 (3.56%) Public Sector
9 56 (2.93%) Manufacturing
10 47 (2.46%) Presentation Skills
11 43 (2.25%) Banking
12 41 (2.15%) Marketing
13 40 (2.09%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 34 (1.78%) Advertising
15 32 (1.68%) Retail
16 30 (1.57%) Electronics
17 26 (1.36%) Documentation Skills
18 24 (1.26%) Games
19 20 (1.05%) Aerospace
19 20 (1.05%) Billing
Job Titles
1 359 (18.80%) Network Engineer
2 222 (11.62%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 218 (11.41%) Analyst
4 201 (10.52%) Support Engineer
5 152 (7.96%) Consultant
6 143 (7.49%) IT Engineer
7 141 (7.38%) IT Support
8 109 (5.71%) Support Analyst
9 106 (5.55%) 3rd Line Engineer
10 93 (4.87%) Technical Consultant
11 90 (4.71%) Architect
12 87 (4.55%) Security Engineer
13 82 (4.29%) Service Analyst
14 81 (4.24%) Senior Network Engineer
15 79 (4.14%) 3rd Line Support
15 79 (4.14%) IT Analyst
16 77 (4.03%) Administrator
16 77 (4.03%) IT Support Engineer
17 76 (3.98%) Service Desk Analyst
18 73 (3.82%) 2nd Line Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 104 (5.45%) Web Services
2 58 (3.04%) LDAP
3 33 (1.73%) HTML
4 32 (1.68%) 802.1X
5 29 (1.52%) RabbitMQ
5 29 (1.52%) SOAP
6 28 (1.47%) .NET
7 23 (1.20%) LAMP
8 22 (1.15%) RESTful
9 20 (1.05%) .NET Core
9 20 (1.05%) ActiveMQ
9 20 (1.05%) XML
10 19 (0.99%) LEMP Stack
10 19 (0.99%) REST
11 16 (0.84%) Elastic Stack
11 16 (0.84%) JSON
11 16 (0.84%) Node.js
11 16 (0.84%) XMPP
12 15 (0.79%) LAPP Stack
13 14 (0.73%) ARM Templates
Miscellaneous
1 215 (11.26%) Data Centre
2 126 (6.60%) Public Cloud
3 120 (6.28%) Management Information System
4 118 (6.18%) Self-Motivation
5 61 (3.19%) Hybrid Cloud
6 60 (3.14%) User Experience
7 52 (2.72%) Video Conferencing
8 46 (2.41%) Linux Command Line
9 43 (2.25%) Driving Licence
9 43 (2.25%) PKI
10 37 (1.94%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 33 (1.73%) Cloud Native
11 33 (1.73%) Private Cloud
12 32 (1.68%) iPhone
13 27 (1.41%) Replication
14 26 (1.36%) Clustering
14 26 (1.36%) SCADA
15 24 (1.26%) Renewable Energy
16 19 (0.99%) Blackberry
17 17 (0.89%) Cyberthreat
Operating Systems
1 1,015 (53.14%) Windows
2 558 (29.21%) Windows Server
3 472 (24.71%) Linux
4 350 (18.32%) Windows 10
5 207 (10.84%) Windows Server 2012
6 175 (9.16%) Windows Server 2016
7 153 (8.01%) Windows Server 2019
8 111 (5.81%) Windows 7
9 96 (5.03%) Android
10 84 (4.40%) CentOS
11 77 (4.03%) Windows Server 2008
12 75 (3.93%) Apple iOS
13 65 (3.40%) Unix
14 64 (3.35%) Mac OS
15 58 (3.04%) Ubuntu
16 49 (2.57%) Windows 8
17 42 (2.20%) VMS
18 40 (2.09%) Windows Server 2003
19 34 (1.78%) Mac OS X
20 33 (1.73%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 359 (18.80%) ITIL
2 269 (14.08%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 268 (14.03%) Problem-Solving
4 255 (13.35%) DevOps
5 212 (11.10%) Agile Software Development
6 162 (8.48%) Disaster Recovery
7 140 (7.33%) Service Management
8 135 (7.07%) Mentoring
9 134 (7.02%) Migration
10 125 (6.54%) Computer Science
10 125 (6.54%) Load Balancing
11 123 (6.44%) ITSM
12 120 (6.28%) Presales
12 120 (6.28%) Project Management
13 116 (6.07%) Service Delivery
14 114 (5.97%) Cybersecurity
15 112 (5.86%) Configuration Management
16 108 (5.65%) Infrastructure as Code
17 105 (5.50%) Information Security
18 94 (4.92%) Network Design
Programming Languages
1 362 (18.95%) PowerShell
2 213 (11.15%) Python
3 176 (9.21%) SQL
4 126 (6.60%) Bash Shell
5 54 (2.83%) Java
6 37 (1.94%) JavaScript
7 36 (1.88%) C
7 36 (1.88%) Shell Script
8 28 (1.47%) Perl
8 28 (1.47%) PHP
9 20 (1.05%) R
10 18 (0.94%) T-SQL
11 17 (0.89%) VB
12 16 (0.84%) C#
13 11 (0.58%) Scala
14 10 (0.52%) Go
15 9 (0.47%) Ruby
16 8 (0.42%) C++
16 8 (0.42%) Lua
17 7 (0.37%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 317 (16.60%) Cisco Certification
2 226 (11.83%) CCNA
3 193 (10.10%) Degree
4 171 (8.95%) CCNP
5 152 (7.96%) Security Cleared
6 103 (5.39%) SC Cleared
7 102 (5.34%) Microsoft Certification
8 51 (2.67%) Computer Science Degree
9 46 (2.41%) MCSA
10 44 (2.30%) CCIE
10 44 (2.30%) MCP
11 43 (2.25%) MCSE
12 36 (1.88%) AWS Certification
13 34 (1.78%) CISSP
14 27 (1.41%) A+ Certification
15 26 (1.36%) DV Cleared
16 25 (1.31%) JNCIA
17 24 (1.26%) JNCIP
18 23 (1.20%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
19 21 (1.10%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 166 (8.69%) SLA
2 89 (4.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 52 (2.72%) GDPR
4 27 (1.41%) NIST
5 22 (1.15%) QA
6 17 (0.89%) Cyber Essentials
6 17 (0.89%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 8 (0.42%) COBIT
7 8 (0.42%) ISO 9001
7 8 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 5 (0.26%) SOC 2
9 4 (0.21%) GLBA
9 4 (0.21%) GRC
9 4 (0.21%) OASIS TOSCA
10 3 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 2 (0.10%) Accessibility
11 2 (0.10%) Data Quality
11 2 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
11 2 (0.10%) ISO 22301
11 2 (0.10%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 772 (40.42%) Active Directory
2 329 (17.23%) VMware Infrastructure
3 248 (12.98%) Hyper-V
4 157 (8.22%) Docker
5 80 (4.19%) VMware ESXi
6 51 (2.67%) Virtual Machines
7 42 (2.20%) vSphere
8 40 (2.09%) KVM
8 40 (2.09%) Virtual Desktop
9 36 (1.88%) Virtual Servers
10 35 (1.83%) XenApp
11 31 (1.62%) Terminal Server
11 31 (1.62%) XenDesktop
12 30 (1.57%) Firmware
13 27 (1.41%) iptables
14 18 (0.94%) Terminal Services
15 15 (0.79%) BitLocker
16 13 (0.68%) VMware NSX
16 13 (0.68%) VMware Server
17 8 (0.42%) QEMU
Systems Management
1 193 (10.10%) Microsoft Intune
2 190 (9.95%) SCCM
3 140 (7.33%) Ansible
4 136 (7.12%) Terraform
5 127 (6.65%) Kubernetes
6 114 (5.97%) Puppet
7 52 (2.72%) Nagios
8 48 (2.51%) FortiGate
9 36 (1.88%) ZABBIX
10 32 (1.68%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 26 (1.36%) Grafana
11 26 (1.36%) Single Sign-On
12 25 (1.31%) Cisco CUCM
12 25 (1.31%) Jamf Pro
13 24 (1.26%) Prometheus
14 23 (1.20%) Backup Exec
14 23 (1.20%) Opscode Chef
15 22 (1.15%) CASB
15 22 (1.15%) HAProxy
15 22 (1.15%) WSUS
Vendors
1 891 (46.65%) Microsoft
2 637 (33.35%) Cisco
3 460 (24.08%) VMware
4 202 (10.58%) Citrix
5 167 (8.74%) Palo Alto
6 153 (8.01%) Juniper
7 131 (6.86%) Meraki
8 118 (6.18%) CheckPoint
8 118 (6.18%) SolarWinds
9 94 (4.92%) HP
10 91 (4.76%) F5
11 82 (4.29%) Dell
12 80 (4.19%) Veeam
13 79 (4.14%) Apple
14 76 (3.98%) ServiceNow
15 74 (3.87%) Fortinet
16 73 (3.82%) Oracle
17 71 (3.72%) Red Hat
18 68 (3.56%) Google
19 66 (3.46%) Sophos