Period
to 14 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 14 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
14 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 235 202 204
Rank change year-on-year -33 +2 +13
Permanent jobs citing VPN 1,179 1,928 2,556
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.42% 1.70% 1.72%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.92% 11.31% 11.24%
Number of salaries quoted 916 1,553 2,035
10th Percentile £26,375 £26,250 £24,750
25th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% - -5.26%
75th Percentile £63,750 £63,750 £60,000
90th Percentile £78,750 £77,400 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -5.88%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 10,797 17,046 22,739
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.97% 15.07% 15.26%
Number of salaries quoted 8,218 13,630 17,691
10th Percentile £28,625 £26,250 £26,250
25th Percentile £37,500 £34,000 £33,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £65,500 £63,750 £62,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Salary trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 14 April 2021.

Salary histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 14 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 1,098 £47,500 +5.56% 238
UK excluding London -12 759 £42,500 +6.25% 168
London -53 348 £55,000 - 85
North of England +20 217 £42,500 +2.41% 34
South East +1 214 £47,500 +7.95% 44
Work from Home -59 202 £55,000 +7.32% 35
Midlands 0 122 £47,500 +46.15% 44
South West -9 117 £32,500 -13.33% 26
Yorkshire +6 113 £37,500 -11.76% 16
West Midlands -12 89 £50,000 +53.85% 28
North West +4 82 £50,000 +25.00% 14
East of England +15 58 £45,000 +2.86% 5
East Midlands +26 30 £35,632 -4.98% 16
Scotland -20 24 £37,500 -16.67% 12
North East +9 22 £34,250 -17.47% 4
Wales +9 13 £36,250 -5.84% 3

For the 6 months to 14 April 2021, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 765 (64.89%) Firewall
2 578 (49.02%) Windows
3 486 (41.22%) Microsoft
4 448 (38.00%) Active Directory
5 373 (31.64%) WAN
6 371 (31.47%) Azure
7 370 (31.38%) Cisco
8 368 (31.21%) Microsoft 365
9 340 (28.84%) DNS
9 340 (28.84%) VMware
10 326 (27.65%) LAN
11 302 (25.61%) Linux
12 300 (25.45%) Windows Server
13 282 (23.92%) ITIL
14 279 (23.66%) VMware Infrastructure
15 270 (22.90%) DHCP
16 269 (22.82%) VLAN
17 266 (22.56%) AWS
18 265 (22.48%) TCP/IP
19 238 (20.19%) PowerShell
20 226 (19.17%) Cisco Certification
21 192 (16.28%) OSPF
22 186 (15.78%) Network Security
23 179 (15.18%) Infrastructure Engineering
24 175 (14.84%) DevOps
25 166 (14.08%) BGP
26 160 (13.57%) Hyper-V
27 158 (13.40%) Ansible
27 158 (13.40%) Windows 10
28 157 (13.32%) MPLS

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 129 (10.94%) MS Exchange
2 98 (8.31%) SharePoint
3 69 (5.85%) Confluence
4 43 (3.65%) IIS
5 38 (3.22%) Exchange Server 2013
6 29 (2.46%) Apache
7 26 (2.21%) nginx
8 21 (1.78%) Tomcat
9 15 (1.27%) Exchange Server 2010
10 12 (1.02%) ejabberd
10 12 (1.02%) Elasticsearch
11 11 (0.93%) Apache Spark
11 11 (0.93%) Skype for Business
12 9 (0.76%) BizTalk Server
12 9 (0.76%) OpenStack
13 3 (0.25%) CMS
13 3 (0.25%) JBoss
14 2 (0.17%) IBM Domino
14 2 (0.17%) IBM Notes
14 2 (0.17%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 114 (9.67%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (1.61%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.85%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.51%) Gephi
6 1 (0.085%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 19 (1.61%) Remedy ITSM
2 4 (0.34%) Relativity
3 3 (0.25%) Eikon
3 3 (0.25%) Endur
3 3 (0.25%) Sentinel
4 2 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.085%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.085%) Magento
5 1 (0.085%) Oracle CRM
5 1 (0.085%) Sage 200
5 1 (0.085%) Sage 300 ERP
5 1 (0.085%) Sage CRM
5 1 (0.085%) Sage X3
5 1 (0.085%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 371 (31.47%) Azure
2 368 (31.21%) Microsoft 365
3 266 (22.56%) AWS
4 102 (8.65%) Azure Active Directory
5 88 (7.46%) IaaS
6 83 (7.04%) PaaS
7 77 (6.53%) SaaS
8 53 (4.50%) GCP
9 38 (3.22%) Amazon EC2
10 36 (3.05%) Cloud Computing
11 33 (2.80%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 32 (2.71%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 32 (2.71%) OneDrive
13 29 (2.46%) Mimecast
14 20 (1.70%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 16 (1.36%) Amazon ECS
15 16 (1.36%) AWS CloudFormation
15 16 (1.36%) Dynamics 365
15 16 (1.36%) Power Platform
16 15 (1.27%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 765 (64.89%) Firewall
2 373 (31.64%) WAN
3 340 (28.84%) DNS
4 326 (27.65%) LAN
5 270 (22.90%) DHCP
6 269 (22.82%) VLAN
7 265 (22.48%) TCP/IP
8 192 (16.28%) OSPF
9 186 (15.78%) Network Security
10 166 (14.08%) BGP
11 157 (13.32%) MPLS
12 140 (11.87%) Wireless
13 122 (10.35%) VoIP
14 110 (9.33%) SSL
15 109 (9.25%) IPsec
16 101 (8.57%) Wi-Fi
17 98 (8.31%) Internet
18 94 (7.97%) SAN
19 73 (6.19%) SD-WAN
20 66 (5.60%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 99 (8.40%) SQL Server
2 34 (2.88%) Amazon RDS
3 18 (1.53%) MySQL
4 15 (1.27%) Big Data
5 13 (1.10%) Relational Database
6 11 (0.93%) Azure SQL Database
6 11 (0.93%) Impala
7 10 (0.85%) NoSQL
7 10 (0.85%) SQL Server 2008
8 9 (0.76%) Apache Hive
8 9 (0.76%) Blockchain
9 7 (0.59%) MongoDB
9 7 (0.59%) PostgreSQL
9 7 (0.59%) Power BI
9 7 (0.59%) SQL Server 2012
10 6 (0.51%) Data Warehouse
10 6 (0.51%) Oracle Database
11 5 (0.42%) Cosmos DB
11 5 (0.42%) RDBMS
11 5 (0.42%) Redis
Development Applications
1 92 (7.80%) Git (software)
2 85 (7.21%) JIRA
3 50 (4.24%) Subversion
4 33 (2.80%) Jenkins
5 32 (2.71%) Bitbucket
6 15 (1.27%) GitLab
7 10 (0.85%) Sonatype Nexus
8 7 (0.59%) Bitbucket Server
8 7 (0.59%) Visual Studio
9 6 (0.51%) git-flow
10 5 (0.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 5 (0.42%) VSS/SourceSafe
11 3 (0.25%) Maven
12 2 (0.17%) CircleCI
12 2 (0.17%) GDB
12 2 (0.17%) Grunt
12 2 (0.17%) MSI
12 2 (0.17%) Octopus Deploy
12 2 (0.17%) Team Foundation Server
12 2 (0.17%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 128 (10.86%) Finance
2 81 (6.87%) Telecoms
3 30 (2.54%) Public Sector
4 25 (2.12%) Legal
5 20 (1.70%) Banking
5 20 (1.70%) Electronics
6 19 (1.61%) Law
7 18 (1.53%) Games
7 18 (1.53%) Marketing
8 14 (1.19%) Digital Economy
9 13 (1.10%) Retail
10 12 (1.02%) Manufacturing
10 12 (1.02%) Publishing
11 9 (0.76%) Aerospace
12 8 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
13 5 (0.42%) Fire and Rescue
13 5 (0.42%) Military
14 4 (0.34%) Automotive
14 4 (0.34%) Financial Institution
15 3 (0.25%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 242 (20.53%) Network Engineer
2 142 (12.04%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 139 (11.79%) Analyst
4 117 (9.92%) Support Engineer
5 109 (9.25%) IT Engineer
6 97 (8.23%) Architect
7 87 (7.38%) IT Support
8 67 (5.68%) Support Analyst
9 66 (5.60%) 3rd Line Engineer
10 63 (5.34%) Senior Network Engineer
11 62 (5.26%) Consultant
12 55 (4.66%) IT Analyst
12 55 (4.66%) Security Engineer
13 52 (4.41%) Cloud Engineer
14 51 (4.33%) Linux Engineer
15 48 (4.07%) Systems Engineer
16 46 (3.90%) IT Support Engineer
17 43 (3.65%) 2nd Line Support
18 42 (3.56%) DevOps Engineer
19 35 (2.97%) 3rd Line Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 103 (8.74%) Web Services
2 34 (2.88%) HTML
3 32 (2.71%) LDAP
4 31 (2.63%) 802.1X
5 29 (2.46%) CSS
5 29 (2.46%) XML
6 28 (2.37%) SOAP
7 22 (1.87%) Ajax
8 15 (1.27%) .NET
8 15 (1.27%) XMPP
9 11 (0.93%) Elastic Stack
9 11 (0.93%) Kafka
9 11 (0.93%) RESTful
10 9 (0.76%) HTML5
10 9 (0.76%) YAML
11 7 (0.59%) .NET Core
12 6 (0.51%) .NET Framework
12 6 (0.51%) LAMP
12 6 (0.51%) RabbitMQ
13 5 (0.42%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 115 (9.75%) Data Centre
2 90 (7.63%) Analytical Skills
2 90 (7.63%) Public Cloud
3 80 (6.79%) Management Information System
4 49 (4.16%) Self-Motivation
5 33 (2.80%) Hybrid Cloud
6 26 (2.21%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 25 (2.12%) PKI
8 22 (1.87%) CMDB
8 22 (1.87%) Replication
9 21 (1.78%) Driving Licence
10 17 (1.44%) Clustering
10 17 (1.44%) User Experience
11 13 (1.10%) Enterprise Storage
11 13 (1.10%) Mobile App
12 12 (1.02%) Fat Client
12 12 (1.02%) Thin Client
13 10 (0.85%) iPhone
14 9 (0.76%) Greenfield Project
14 9 (0.76%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 578 (49.02%) Windows
2 302 (25.61%) Linux
3 300 (25.45%) Windows Server
4 158 (13.40%) Windows 10
5 102 (8.65%) Windows Server 2016
6 99 (8.40%) Windows Server 2012
7 76 (6.45%) Windows Server 2008
8 74 (6.28%) Ubuntu
9 65 (5.51%) Windows Server 2019
10 54 (4.58%) Unix
11 53 (4.50%) CentOS
12 52 (4.41%) Windows 7
13 48 (4.07%) Android
14 31 (2.63%) Mac OS
15 23 (1.95%) Windows 8
16 20 (1.70%) Apple iOS
17 17 (1.44%) Debian
17 17 (1.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
18 14 (1.19%) Mac OS X
19 13 (1.10%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 282 (23.92%) ITIL
2 179 (15.18%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 175 (14.84%) DevOps
4 139 (11.79%) Problem-Solving
5 123 (10.43%) Agile Software Development
6 112 (9.50%) Service Management
7 90 (7.63%) Migration
8 83 (7.04%) Cybersecurity
8 83 (7.04%) Infrastructure as Code
9 75 (6.36%) Configuration Management
10 73 (6.19%) Scrum
11 72 (6.11%) Disaster Recovery
12 70 (5.94%) Load Balancing
13 67 (5.68%) DevSecOps
14 66 (5.60%) Data Science
14 66 (5.60%) Task Automation
15 65 (5.51%) Information Security
15 65 (5.51%) Machine Learning
16 62 (5.26%) Presales
17 61 (5.17%) Kalman Filter
Programming Languages
1 238 (20.19%) PowerShell
2 140 (11.87%) Python
3 122 (10.35%) Bash Shell
4 98 (8.31%) SQL
5 42 (3.56%) PHP
6 35 (2.97%) C
7 34 (2.88%) JavaScript
7 34 (2.88%) Perl
8 17 (1.44%) Java
9 14 (1.19%) VB
10 11 (0.93%) C#
10 11 (0.93%) R
11 5 (0.42%) Ruby
12 4 (0.34%) VBA
13 3 (0.25%) Groovy
13 3 (0.25%) Korn
14 2 (0.17%) ABAP
14 2 (0.17%) C-shell
14 2 (0.17%) Go
14 2 (0.17%) Tcl
Qualifications
1 226 (19.17%) Cisco Certification
2 156 (13.23%) CCNP
3 118 (10.01%) CCNA
4 89 (7.55%) Degree
5 76 (6.45%) Security Cleared
6 61 (5.17%) Microsoft Certification
7 51 (4.33%) SC Cleared
8 49 (4.16%) CISSP
9 46 (3.90%) JNCIP
10 32 (2.71%) AWS Certification
11 31 (2.63%) GIAC
12 27 (2.29%) CISM
12 27 (2.29%) Computer Science Degree
12 27 (2.29%) MCSE
13 25 (2.12%) CCIE
13 25 (2.12%) RHCE
14 23 (1.95%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 22 (1.87%) MCSA
16 21 (1.78%) CISA
17 18 (1.53%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 90 (7.63%) SLA
2 73 (6.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 41 (3.48%) GDPR
4 26 (2.21%) NIST
5 16 (1.36%) QA
6 15 (1.27%) PCI DSS
7 10 (0.85%) COBIT
8 7 (0.59%) OASIS TOSCA
9 6 (0.51%) Cyber Essentials
9 6 (0.51%) GRC
10 5 (0.42%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 5 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 4 (0.34%) NCSC
12 3 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 2 (0.17%) ISO 9001
13 2 (0.17%) NIST 800
13 2 (0.17%) SOC 2
System Software
1 448 (38.00%) Active Directory
2 279 (23.66%) VMware Infrastructure
3 160 (13.57%) Hyper-V
4 107 (9.08%) Docker
5 82 (6.96%) VMware ESXi
6 38 (3.22%) XenDesktop
7 36 (3.05%) vSphere
8 35 (2.97%) Firmware
9 32 (2.71%) XenApp
10 24 (2.04%) KVM
10 24 (2.04%) Virtual Machines
11 23 (1.95%) Terminal Server
12 21 (1.78%) iptables
13 17 (1.44%) BitLocker
13 17 (1.44%) NFS
13 17 (1.44%) VMware NSX
14 15 (1.27%) QEMU
14 15 (1.27%) Virtual Servers
15 14 (1.19%) Postfix
15 14 (1.19%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 158 (13.40%) Ansible
2 113 (9.58%) Puppet
3 75 (6.36%) SCCM
4 66 (5.60%) Terraform
5 56 (4.75%) Kubernetes
5 56 (4.75%) Microsoft Intune
6 38 (3.22%) FortiGate
7 33 (2.80%) Nagios
8 28 (2.37%) SCOM
9 25 (2.12%) ZABBIX
10 24 (2.04%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
11 19 (1.61%) HP UCMDB
12 18 (1.53%) HAProxy
12 18 (1.53%) Single Sign-On
13 17 (1.44%) Nessus
14 16 (1.36%) WSUS
15 15 (1.27%) Galera Cluster
15 15 (1.27%) Grafana
15 15 (1.27%) Prometheus
16 14 (1.19%) Backup Exec
Vendors
1 486 (41.22%) Microsoft
2 370 (31.38%) Cisco
3 340 (28.84%) VMware
4 131 (11.11%) Citrix
5 127 (10.77%) Palo Alto
6 107 (9.08%) Juniper
7 103 (8.74%) HP
8 84 (7.12%) CheckPoint
9 78 (6.62%) Fortinet
10 72 (6.11%) F5
11 68 (5.77%) Oracle
12 59 (5.00%) Google
13 54 (4.58%) Sophos
14 50 (4.24%) Veeam
15 47 (3.99%) Meraki
16 44 (3.73%) Apple
16 44 (3.73%) SonicWALL
17 42 (3.56%) Aruba
18 40 (3.39%) Red Hat
19 39 (3.31%) SolarWinds