Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 248 213 210
Rank change year-on-year -35 -3 +19
Permanent jobs citing VPN 1,894 1,018 2,094
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.45% 1.57% 1.68%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.90% 11.20% 11.16%
Number of salaries quoted 1,559 826 1,692
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,313 £26,000
25th Percentile £32,500 £33,000 £31,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
75th Percentile £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £81,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 17,382 9,088 18,760
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.33% 14.05% 15.02%
Number of salaries quoted 11,087 7,267 14,990
10th Percentile £27,750 £28,750 £26,000
25th Percentile £36,250 £37,500 £32,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +1.00% +5.26% -
75th Percentile £70,000 £65,000 £62,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Salary trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Salary histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -20 1,681 £47,500 - 402
UK excluding London -15 1,138 £42,500 +2.41% 303
London -59 636 £55,000 -8.33% 117
Work from Home -57 383 £52,500 - 63
South East +1 321 £50,000 - 75
North of England -44 274 £42,500 +12.26% 97
Midlands -33 183 £42,500 - 49
South West +18 165 £40,000 +25.98% 28
North West -38 140 £42,500 -5.56% 43
West Midlands -27 128 £45,000 -10.00% 32
Yorkshire -44 118 £43,000 +22.86% 37
East of England -58 93 £52,500 +41.66% 32
Scotland -26 72 £36,500 -8.75% 16
East Midlands -30 50 £36,992 +3.82% 16
Wales -7 48 £45,000 +45.16% 4
North East -20 28 £37,030 +13.94% 17
Northern Ireland -31 5 £40,000 - 2

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 1,092 (57.66%) Firewall
2 1,005 (53.06%) Windows
3 884 (46.67%) Microsoft
4 801 (42.29%) Active Directory
5 778 (41.08%) Azure
6 765 (40.39%) Microsoft 365
7 617 (32.58%) Cisco
8 605 (31.94%) WAN
9 541 (28.56%) LAN
10 533 (28.14%) DNS
11 526 (27.77%) Windows Server
12 464 (24.50%) Social Skills
13 430 (22.70%) VMware
14 414 (21.86%) DHCP
15 397 (20.96%) Linux
16 391 (20.64%) Windows 10
17 381 (20.12%) AWS
18 374 (19.75%) TCP/IP
19 350 (18.48%) ITIL
20 317 (16.74%) Cisco Certification
20 317 (16.74%) Data Centre
21 308 (16.26%) Problem-Solving
22 305 (16.10%) Network Security
23 303 (16.00%) VMware Infrastructure
24 276 (14.57%) PowerShell
25 272 (14.36%) Infrastructure Engineering
26 269 (14.20%) Finance
27 256 (13.52%) Microsoft Office
28 241 (12.72%) VLAN
29 236 (12.46%) BGP

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 181 (9.56%) MS Exchange
2 173 (9.13%) SharePoint
3 61 (3.22%) IIS
4 37 (1.95%) Exchange Server 2013
4 37 (1.95%) Skype for Business
5 36 (1.90%) Elasticsearch
6 35 (1.85%) Exchange Server 2010
7 27 (1.43%) Confluence
8 22 (1.16%) Apache
9 18 (0.95%) Exchange Server 2007
10 17 (0.90%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
11 15 (0.79%) nginx
12 14 (0.74%) Tomcat
13 9 (0.48%) CMS
14 8 (0.42%) Oracle Workflow
14 8 (0.42%) WordPress
15 6 (0.32%) Sitecore CMS
15 6 (0.32%) Umbraco
16 3 (0.16%) JBoss
17 2 (0.11%) OpenStack
Applications
1 256 (13.52%) Microsoft Office
2 52 (2.75%) Microsoft Excel
3 39 (2.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 34 (1.80%) MS Visio
5 12 (0.63%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 3 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.053%) Blender
7 1 (0.053%) Camtasia
Business Applications
1 26 (1.37%) Remedy ITSM
2 8 (0.42%) Elite 3E
3 7 (0.37%) Sentinel
4 6 (0.32%) Sage 200
5 4 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.11%) Magento
6 2 (0.11%) Relativity
6 2 (0.11%) Shopify
7 1 (0.053%) Alphatax
7 1 (0.053%) Carpe Diem
7 1 (0.053%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.053%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.053%) Oracle Receivables
7 1 (0.053%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 778 (41.08%) Azure
2 765 (40.39%) Microsoft 365
3 381 (20.12%) AWS
4 211 (11.14%) Azure Active Directory
5 144 (7.60%) SaaS
6 126 (6.65%) IaaS
7 122 (6.44%) PaaS
8 79 (4.17%) OneDrive
9 55 (2.90%) Mimecast
10 54 (2.85%) Amazon EC2
11 53 (2.80%) GCP
12 39 (2.06%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 35 (1.85%) Cloud Computing
14 34 (1.80%) Serverless
15 33 (1.74%) GitHub
16 32 (1.69%) Power Platform
17 30 (1.58%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 30 (1.58%) Google Workspace
18 26 (1.37%) AWS Direct Connect
19 25 (1.32%) Azure ExpressRoute
Communications & Networking
1 1,092 (57.66%) Firewall
2 605 (31.94%) WAN
3 541 (28.56%) LAN
4 533 (28.14%) DNS
5 414 (21.86%) DHCP
6 374 (19.75%) TCP/IP
7 305 (16.10%) Network Security
8 241 (12.72%) VLAN
9 236 (12.46%) BGP
10 216 (11.40%) Wireless
11 215 (11.35%) IPsec
12 211 (11.14%) VoIP
13 209 (11.03%) OSPF
14 200 (10.56%) Wi-Fi
15 183 (9.66%) MPLS
16 151 (7.97%) SSL
17 118 (6.23%) WLAN
18 113 (5.97%) SAN
19 87 (4.59%) SD-WAN
20 85 (4.49%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 155 (8.18%) SQL Server
2 66 (3.48%) PostgreSQL
3 61 (3.22%) MySQL
4 38 (2.01%) Azure SQL Database
5 31 (1.64%) Big Data
6 30 (1.58%) Amazon RDS
7 29 (1.53%) MariaDB
8 21 (1.11%) Redis
9 19 (1.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 17 (0.90%) SQL Server 2012
11 16 (0.84%) Amazon Aurora
12 15 (0.79%) MongoDB
12 15 (0.79%) NoSQL
12 15 (0.79%) Relational Database
13 13 (0.69%) InfluxDB
14 12 (0.63%) SQL Server 2019
15 11 (0.58%) RDBMS
16 10 (0.53%) Power BI
17 8 (0.42%) Oracle Database
18 7 (0.37%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 74 (3.91%) Jenkins
2 53 (2.80%) Git (software)
3 47 (2.48%) JIRA
4 41 (2.16%) GitLab
5 27 (1.43%) TeamCity
6 16 (0.84%) Subversion
7 13 (0.69%) Octopus Deploy
8 12 (0.63%) fastlane
9 11 (0.58%) Selenium
10 9 (0.48%) VSS/SourceSafe
11 8 (0.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 8 (0.42%) Visual Studio
12 5 (0.26%) CircleCI
12 5 (0.26%) Maven
12 5 (0.26%) Oracle Forms
13 4 (0.21%) MSI
13 4 (0.21%) Oracle APEX
13 4 (0.21%) Sonatype Nexus
14 3 (0.16%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
15 1 (0.053%) Artifactory
General
1 464 (24.50%) Social Skills
2 269 (14.20%) Finance
3 126 (6.65%) Analytical Skills
4 100 (5.28%) Telecoms
5 92 (4.86%) Law
6 75 (3.96%) Manufacturing
7 74 (3.91%) Public Sector
8 73 (3.85%) Organisational Skills
9 67 (3.54%) Banking
10 58 (3.06%) Retail
11 57 (3.01%) Documentation Skills
12 46 (2.43%) Legal
13 45 (2.38%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 24 (1.27%) Advertising
14 24 (1.27%) Marketing
15 22 (1.16%) German Language
16 21 (1.11%) Pharmaceutical
16 21 (1.11%) Presentation Skills
17 20 (1.06%) Digital Economy
18 18 (0.95%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 381 (20.12%) Network Engineer
2 264 (13.94%) Analyst
3 222 (11.72%) Support Engineer
4 218 (11.51%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 178 (9.40%) IT Engineer
6 157 (8.29%) IT Support
7 125 (6.60%) Senior Network Engineer
8 124 (6.55%) Consultant
9 114 (6.02%) Security Engineer
10 111 (5.86%) DevOps Engineer
10 111 (5.86%) Support Analyst
11 99 (5.23%) 2nd Line Engineer
12 96 (5.07%) 3rd Line Engineer
13 95 (5.02%) 2nd Line Support
14 93 (4.91%) IT Analyst
15 91 (4.80%) Architect
15 91 (4.80%) Service Analyst
16 83 (4.38%) Technical Consultant
17 82 (4.33%) 3rd Line Support
17 82 (4.33%) IT Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (3.12%) LDAP
2 33 (1.74%) Web Services
3 29 (1.53%) HTML
4 27 (1.43%) XML
5 18 (0.95%) JSON
6 17 (0.90%) 802.1X
7 16 (0.84%) CSS
7 16 (0.84%) LAMP
8 15 (0.79%) Ajax
9 13 (0.69%) ARM Templates
9 13 (0.69%) RabbitMQ
10 12 (0.63%) Loki
10 12 (0.63%) SOAP
11 11 (0.58%) Node.js
11 11 (0.58%) XMPP
12 10 (0.53%) .NET
13 9 (0.48%) LEMP Stack
13 9 (0.48%) React
14 8 (0.42%) Elastic Stack
14 8 (0.42%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 317 (16.74%) Data Centre
2 125 (6.60%) Public Cloud
3 85 (4.49%) Management Information System
4 76 (4.01%) Self-Motivation
5 52 (2.75%) Driving Licence
5 52 (2.75%) PKI
6 46 (2.43%) Replication
7 34 (1.80%) User Experience
8 31 (1.64%) Video Conferencing
9 29 (1.53%) Blackberry
10 25 (1.32%) Hybrid Cloud
11 24 (1.27%) Enterprise Software
12 18 (0.95%) Cloud Native
12 18 (0.95%) CMDB
13 17 (0.90%) iPhone
13 17 (0.90%) Linux Command Line
13 17 (0.90%) Smartphone
14 16 (0.84%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 15 (0.79%) Video\Live Streaming
16 14 (0.74%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 1,005 (53.06%) Windows
2 526 (27.77%) Windows Server
3 397 (20.96%) Linux
4 391 (20.64%) Windows 10
5 167 (8.82%) Windows Server 2016
6 152 (8.03%) Windows Server 2012
7 131 (6.92%) Windows Server 2019
8 122 (6.44%) Windows 7
9 84 (4.44%) Apple iOS
10 60 (3.17%) CentOS
11 56 (2.96%) Unix
12 53 (2.80%) Android
13 51 (2.69%) Mac OS
14 46 (2.43%) Mac OS X
15 43 (2.27%) Windows Server 2008
16 42 (2.22%) Ubuntu
17 34 (1.80%) Debian
18 33 (1.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 20 (1.06%) Windows 8
20 17 (0.90%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 350 (18.48%) ITIL
2 308 (16.26%) Problem-Solving
3 272 (14.36%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 230 (12.14%) DevOps
5 195 (10.30%) Migration
6 161 (8.50%) Cybersecurity
7 159 (8.39%) Agile Software Development
8 144 (7.60%) Service Delivery
9 129 (6.81%) ITSM
10 126 (6.65%) Disaster Recovery
11 124 (6.55%) Infrastructure as Code
12 119 (6.28%) Network Design
13 113 (5.97%) Load Balancing
14 112 (5.91%) Information Security
14 112 (5.91%) Presales
15 110 (5.81%) Change Management
16 105 (5.54%) Project Delivery
17 103 (5.44%) Business Continuity
18 102 (5.39%) Computer Science
19 100 (5.28%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 276 (14.57%) PowerShell
2 196 (10.35%) Python
3 163 (8.61%) SQL
4 97 (5.12%) Bash
5 33 (1.74%) JavaScript
6 28 (1.48%) Java
7 22 (1.16%) Perl
7 22 (1.16%) PHP
8 21 (1.11%) Shell Script
9 20 (1.06%) C
10 12 (0.63%) Groovy
11 11 (0.58%) C#
12 9 (0.48%) Go
13 8 (0.42%) C++
13 8 (0.42%) Ruby
14 5 (0.26%) Bicep
14 5 (0.26%) T-SQL
15 3 (0.16%) VB
15 3 (0.16%) VBA
16 2 (0.11%) R
Qualifications
1 317 (16.74%) Cisco Certification
2 211 (11.14%) CCNA
3 204 (10.77%) Degree
4 180 (9.50%) CCNP
5 159 (8.39%) Security Cleared
6 135 (7.13%) SC Cleared
7 119 (6.28%) Microsoft Certification
8 68 (3.59%) MCSA
9 53 (2.80%) CCIE
10 49 (2.59%) Computer Science Degree
11 47 (2.48%) MCP
12 45 (2.38%) DV Cleared
13 44 (2.32%) MCSE
14 34 (1.80%) A+ Certification
15 33 (1.74%) CEH
15 33 (1.74%) CISSP
16 31 (1.64%) JNCIA
17 27 (1.43%) MCITP
18 24 (1.27%) CompTIA Security+
19 22 (1.16%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 178 (9.40%) SLA
2 99 (5.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 67 (3.54%) GDPR
4 26 (1.37%) QA
5 20 (1.06%) NIST
6 17 (0.90%) Cyber Essentials
6 17 (0.90%) HIPAA
7 14 (0.74%) PCI DSS
8 11 (0.58%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 10 (0.53%) SOC 2
10 8 (0.42%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 6 (0.32%) NCSC
12 5 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 4 (0.21%) Accessibility
13 4 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
14 3 (0.16%) COBIT
14 3 (0.16%) GLBA
14 3 (0.16%) ISO 9001
15 2 (0.11%) Data Quality
15 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 801 (42.29%) Active Directory
2 303 (16.00%) VMware Infrastructure
3 213 (11.25%) Hyper-V
4 125 (6.60%) Docker
5 59 (3.12%) Virtual Machines
6 36 (1.90%) vSphere
6 36 (1.90%) XenApp
7 33 (1.74%) Virtual Desktop
8 30 (1.58%) Firmware
9 29 (1.53%) VMware ESXi
10 28 (1.48%) Virtual Servers
11 24 (1.27%) XenDesktop
12 19 (1.00%) iptables
13 16 (0.84%) BitLocker
14 14 (0.74%) KVM
15 13 (0.69%) NFS
15 13 (0.69%) Terminal Services
15 13 (0.69%) VMware NSX
16 11 (0.58%) ProxySG
17 8 (0.42%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 233 (12.30%) SCCM
2 223 (11.77%) Terraform
3 198 (10.45%) Microsoft Intune
4 119 (6.28%) Ansible
5 114 (6.02%) Kubernetes
6 46 (2.43%) FortiGate
6 46 (2.43%) Puppet
7 43 (2.27%) Grafana
8 38 (2.01%) WSUS
9 37 (1.95%) Packer
10 32 (1.69%) Nagios
11 30 (1.58%) Icinga
12 28 (1.48%) Active Directory Federation Services
13 25 (1.32%) CASB
13 25 (1.32%) Cisco CUCM
14 22 (1.16%) ZABBIX
15 20 (1.06%) Prometheus
16 19 (1.00%) ServiceCenter
17 18 (0.95%) Jamf Pro
17 18 (0.95%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 884 (46.67%) Microsoft
2 617 (32.58%) Cisco
3 430 (22.70%) VMware
4 200 (10.56%) Citrix
5 166 (8.76%) Palo Alto
6 157 (8.29%) Juniper
7 137 (7.23%) HP
8 130 (6.86%) Meraki
9 124 (6.55%) SolarWinds
10 116 (6.12%) Veeam
11 114 (6.02%) Fortinet
12 98 (5.17%) Dell
13 97 (5.12%) ServiceNow
14 95 (5.02%) Apple
15 88 (4.65%) CheckPoint
16 76 (4.01%) Sophos
17 70 (3.70%) Remedy
18 63 (3.33%) Aruba
18 63 (3.33%) F5
19 61 (3.22%) Red Hat