Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 2 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
2 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 321 234 206
Rank change year-on-year -87 -28 -23
Permanent jobs citing VPN 2,074 1,589 1,338
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.15% 1.48% 1.69%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 8.72% 11.59% 11.28%
Number of salaries quoted 1,587 1,190 1,075
10th Percentile £27,000 £26,250 £26,250
25th Percentile £32,500 £33,000 £34,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £47,500 £47,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - -5.00% +11.11%
75th Percentile £62,500 £62,969 £66,250
90th Percentile £75,000 £78,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,250 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.03% -2.94% +6.25%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 23,776 13,713 11,857
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.22% 12.73% 15.00%
Number of salaries quoted 12,326 9,627 9,457
10th Percentile £28,250 £28,500 £27,500
25th Percentile £37,750 £37,500 £35,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +8.70%
75th Percentile £71,000 £67,500 £65,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Salary trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

Salary histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 2 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -75 1,844 £47,500 - 282
UK excluding London -73 1,071 £42,500 +3.03% 202
Work from Home -63 838 £52,500 +5.00% 98
London -71 817 £53,000 +0.95% 90
South East -83 317 £45,000 +5.88% 52
North of England -74 233 £36,250 -23.68% 57
South West -22 174 £48,000 +47.69% 33
Midlands -68 161 £42,500 +11.84% 32
North West -46 124 £35,000 -30.00% 25
East of England -59 111 £55,000 +15.79% 15
West Midlands -63 102 £42,500 -4.49% 28
Yorkshire -80 86 £40,000 -15.79% 26
East Midlands -42 57 £41,750 +17.17% 3
Scotland -44 56 £34,000 -28.42% 5
North East -10 23 £37,500 -13.79% 6
Northern Ireland - 20 £30,000 - 6
Wales -45 14 £45,250 +20.67% 2

For the 6 months to 2 July 2022, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 1,194 (57.57%) Firewall
2 1,052 (50.72%) Windows
3 902 (43.49%) Microsoft
4 836 (40.31%) Active Directory
5 832 (40.12%) Azure
6 729 (35.15%) Microsoft 365
7 698 (33.65%) DNS
8 638 (30.76%) Cisco
9 635 (30.62%) WAN
10 595 (28.69%) LAN
11 559 (26.95%) AWS
12 556 (26.81%) Social Skills
13 535 (25.80%) Windows Server
14 521 (25.12%) VMware
15 499 (24.06%) Linux
16 482 (23.24%) DHCP
17 422 (20.35%) TCP/IP
18 419 (20.20%) ITIL
19 376 (18.13%) VMware Infrastructure
20 350 (16.88%) Cisco Certification
21 339 (16.35%) Infrastructure Engineering
22 324 (15.62%) VLAN
23 315 (15.19%) Agile
24 314 (15.14%) PowerShell
25 299 (14.42%) Windows 10
26 294 (14.18%) Python
27 288 (13.89%) Data Centre
28 283 (13.65%) DevOps
29 266 (12.83%) MPLS
30 265 (12.78%) Microsoft Office

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 183 (8.82%) MS Exchange
2 176 (8.49%) SharePoint
3 71 (3.42%) IIS
4 58 (2.80%) Exchange Server 2010
5 52 (2.51%) Apache
6 35 (1.69%) Confluence
7 27 (1.30%) Exchange Server 2013
8 19 (0.92%) Tomcat
9 18 (0.87%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
9 18 (0.87%) Exchange Server 2007
10 12 (0.58%) Apache Spark
10 12 (0.58%) Apache Synapse
10 12 (0.58%) Skype for Business
11 11 (0.53%) WordPress
12 9 (0.43%) nginx
13 5 (0.24%) CMS
14 4 (0.19%) MQSeries
15 3 (0.14%) Appian
15 3 (0.14%) Oracle Workflow
15 3 (0.14%) WebSphere
Applications
1 265 (12.78%) Microsoft Office
2 41 (1.98%) Microsoft Excel
3 28 (1.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 25 (1.21%) MS Visio
5 20 (0.96%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 9 (0.43%) Microsoft Project
7 5 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.14%) Acrobat
9 1 (0.048%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.048%) Blender
Business Applications
1 44 (2.12%) Remedy ITSM
2 12 (0.58%) Distributed Ledger
2 12 (0.58%) R3 Corda
3 10 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
4 7 (0.34%) SAP GTS
5 6 (0.29%) Oracle Applications
6 5 (0.24%) Fidessa
7 3 (0.14%) Elite 3E
8 2 (0.096%) BambooHR
8 2 (0.096%) Dynamics GP
8 2 (0.096%) Sage X3
8 2 (0.096%) SystmOne
9 1 (0.048%) assyst
9 1 (0.048%) Carpe Diem
9 1 (0.048%) CaseMap
9 1 (0.048%) Dynamics AX
9 1 (0.048%) Kondor
9 1 (0.048%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 832 (40.12%) Azure
2 729 (35.15%) Microsoft 365
3 559 (26.95%) AWS
4 199 (9.59%) Azure Active Directory
5 123 (5.93%) SaaS
6 103 (4.97%) IaaS
7 99 (4.77%) PaaS
8 96 (4.63%) Amazon EC2
8 96 (4.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 85 (4.10%) GCP
10 71 (3.42%) Serverless
11 58 (2.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 49 (2.36%) Azure DevOps
12 49 (2.36%) Route 53
13 47 (2.27%) GitHub
14 46 (2.22%) Datadog
15 43 (2.07%) OneDrive
16 38 (1.83%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 37 (1.78%) Cloud Computing
18 35 (1.69%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 1,194 (57.57%) Firewall
2 698 (33.65%) DNS
3 635 (30.62%) WAN
4 595 (28.69%) LAN
5 482 (23.24%) DHCP
6 422 (20.35%) TCP/IP
7 324 (15.62%) VLAN
8 266 (12.83%) MPLS
9 261 (12.58%) Network Security
10 246 (11.86%) Wi-Fi
11 242 (11.67%) Wireless
12 238 (11.48%) BGP
13 218 (10.51%) OSPF
14 196 (9.45%) SSL
15 166 (8.00%) IPsec
16 152 (7.33%) SD-WAN
17 147 (7.09%) SAN
18 137 (6.61%) Internet
19 129 (6.22%) VoIP
20 124 (5.98%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 177 (8.53%) SQL Server
2 66 (3.18%) Amazon RDS
2 66 (3.18%) MySQL
3 59 (2.84%) PostgreSQL
4 47 (2.27%) Big Data
5 38 (1.83%) Elasticsearch
6 24 (1.16%) MariaDB
7 21 (1.01%) Azure SQL Database
7 21 (1.01%) NoSQL
8 20 (0.96%) Power BI
9 18 (0.87%) MongoDB
10 13 (0.63%) UniData
11 12 (0.58%) InfluxDB
12 11 (0.53%) DynamoDB
12 11 (0.53%) Relational Database
13 10 (0.48%) Tableau
14 9 (0.43%) Amazon Redshift
15 8 (0.39%) Oracle Database
16 5 (0.24%) Data Lake
17 3 (0.14%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 98 (4.73%) Git (software)
2 72 (3.47%) Jenkins
3 64 (3.09%) JIRA
4 48 (2.31%) GitLab
5 20 (0.96%) Maven
6 19 (0.92%) Subversion
7 15 (0.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 15 (0.72%) TeamCity
8 14 (0.68%) Octopus Deploy
9 12 (0.58%) fastlane
9 12 (0.58%) MLflow
10 10 (0.48%) Artifactory
11 8 (0.39%) VSS/SourceSafe
12 7 (0.34%) Gradle
12 7 (0.34%) Pivotal Tracker
12 7 (0.34%) Snowpack
12 7 (0.34%) SonarQube
12 7 (0.34%) Sonatype Nexus
13 6 (0.29%) CircleCI
13 6 (0.29%) Oracle APEX
General
1 556 (26.81%) Social Skills
2 257 (12.39%) Finance
3 146 (7.04%) Analytical Skills
4 135 (6.51%) Telecoms
5 117 (5.64%) Public Sector
6 96 (4.63%) Manufacturing
7 94 (4.53%) Marketing
8 84 (4.05%) Legal
9 73 (3.52%) Law
10 71 (3.42%) Retail
11 69 (3.33%) Banking
12 61 (2.94%) Organisational Skills
13 50 (2.41%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 50 (2.41%) Presentation Skills
14 47 (2.27%) Documentation Skills
14 47 (2.27%) Electronics
15 24 (1.16%) Advertising
16 22 (1.06%) Influencing Skills
17 18 (0.87%) Games
18 15 (0.72%) German Language
Job Titles
1 385 (18.56%) Network Engineer
2 279 (13.45%) Support Engineer
3 276 (13.31%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 237 (11.43%) Analyst
5 190 (9.16%) IT Support
6 186 (8.97%) IT Engineer
7 144 (6.94%) 2nd Line Support
8 127 (6.12%) Senior Network Engineer
9 126 (6.08%) DevOps Engineer
10 114 (5.50%) Support Analyst
11 112 (5.40%) 2nd Line Engineer
12 106 (5.11%) Cloud Engineer
13 104 (5.01%) 3rd Line Engineer
14 99 (4.77%) Architect
14 99 (4.77%) IT Analyst
15 97 (4.68%) Security Engineer
16 91 (4.39%) IT Support Engineer
17 81 (3.91%) 2nd Line Support Engineer
18 78 (3.76%) Desktop Support
19 67 (3.23%) 3rd Line Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 53 (2.56%) .NET
2 48 (2.31%) HTML
3 47 (2.27%) Web Services
4 36 (1.74%) Elastic Stack
5 35 (1.69%) LDAP
6 34 (1.64%) XML
7 30 (1.45%) CSS
8 24 (1.16%) REST
9 22 (1.06%) SOAP
10 21 (1.01%) Ajax
11 20 (0.96%) SAML
12 18 (0.87%) Spring
13 17 (0.82%) JSON
14 16 (0.77%) Node.js
15 15 (0.72%) AngularJS
15 15 (0.72%) OAuth
15 15 (0.72%) Vue.js
16 14 (0.68%) OAuth2
16 14 (0.68%) Serverless Framework
17 13 (0.63%) ARM Templates
Miscellaneous
1 288 (13.89%) Data Centre
2 79 (3.81%) Public Cloud
3 78 (3.76%) Management Information System
4 74 (3.57%) Self-Motivation
5 50 (2.41%) PKI
6 46 (2.22%) Driving Licence
7 44 (2.12%) Cloud Native
8 39 (1.88%) User Experience
9 37 (1.78%) Blackberry
10 36 (1.74%) Linux Command Line
11 34 (1.64%) Video Conferencing
12 28 (1.35%) Smartphone
13 27 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
14 24 (1.16%) Blog
14 24 (1.16%) Hybrid Cloud
14 24 (1.16%) IoT
14 24 (1.16%) Virtual Team
15 22 (1.06%) Algorithms
15 22 (1.06%) Replication
16 21 (1.01%) BYOD
Operating Systems
1 1,052 (50.72%) Windows
2 535 (25.80%) Windows Server
3 499 (24.06%) Linux
4 299 (14.42%) Windows 10
5 135 (6.51%) Windows Server 2012
6 130 (6.27%) Windows Server 2016
7 96 (4.63%) Apple iOS
8 90 (4.34%) Android
9 87 (4.19%) Mac OS
10 82 (3.95%) Windows Server 2019
11 76 (3.66%) CentOS
12 72 (3.47%) Windows 7
13 66 (3.18%) Unix
14 63 (3.04%) Ubuntu
15 62 (2.99%) Mac OS X
16 36 (1.74%) Windows Server 2008
17 23 (1.11%) Debian
17 23 (1.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
18 21 (1.01%) VMS
19 16 (0.77%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 419 (20.20%) ITIL
2 339 (16.35%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 315 (15.19%) Agile
4 283 (13.65%) DevOps
5 248 (11.96%) Problem-Solving
6 213 (10.27%) Infrastructure as Code
7 203 (9.79%) CI/CD
8 194 (9.35%) Cybersecurity
9 175 (8.44%) Migration
10 161 (7.76%) Service Delivery
11 160 (7.71%) ITSM
12 147 (7.09%) Disaster Recovery
13 144 (6.94%) Load Balancing
14 143 (6.89%) Project Management
15 133 (6.41%) Business Continuity
16 131 (6.32%) Mentoring
17 129 (6.22%) Service Management
18 125 (6.03%) Change Management
19 116 (5.59%) Information Security
20 108 (5.21%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 314 (15.14%) PowerShell
2 294 (14.18%) Python
3 181 (8.73%) SQL
4 108 (5.21%) Bash
5 95 (4.58%) Java
6 74 (3.57%) JavaScript
7 41 (1.98%) C#
7 41 (1.98%) Go
8 37 (1.78%) Perl
9 34 (1.64%) C
10 32 (1.54%) C++
11 30 (1.45%) PHP
11 30 (1.45%) Shell Script
12 19 (0.92%) Ruby
13 12 (0.58%) Scala
14 11 (0.53%) Rust
15 7 (0.34%) Kotlin
15 7 (0.34%) TypeScript
16 5 (0.24%) VB
17 4 (0.19%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 350 (16.88%) Cisco Certification
2 238 (11.48%) Degree
3 197 (9.50%) CCNP
4 191 (9.21%) CCNA
5 126 (6.08%) Security Cleared
6 124 (5.98%) Microsoft Certification
7 103 (4.97%) SC Cleared
8 77 (3.71%) CCIE
9 64 (3.09%) MCSE
10 57 (2.75%) MCSA
11 46 (2.22%) AWS Certification
12 41 (1.98%) CISSP
12 41 (1.98%) Computer Science Degree
13 34 (1.64%) MCITP
14 29 (1.40%) DV Cleared
15 26 (1.25%) MCP
16 25 (1.21%) ITIL Certification
17 23 (1.11%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
18 22 (1.06%) JNCIA
19 21 (1.01%) JNCIP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 191 (9.21%) SLA
2 111 (5.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 91 (4.39%) GDPR
4 38 (1.83%) Cyber Essentials
5 32 (1.54%) QA
6 25 (1.21%) PCI DSS
7 20 (0.96%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 18 (0.87%) HIPAA
9 16 (0.77%) NIST
10 11 (0.53%) NCSC
10 11 (0.53%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 4 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
12 2 (0.096%) Accessibility
12 2 (0.096%) COBIT
12 2 (0.096%) DICOM
12 2 (0.096%) IEC 61131
12 2 (0.096%) IEC 62304
12 2 (0.096%) ISO 13485
12 2 (0.096%) MiFID
13 1 (0.048%) NIST 800
System Software
1 836 (40.31%) Active Directory
2 376 (18.13%) VMware Infrastructure
3 208 (10.03%) Docker
4 192 (9.26%) Hyper-V
5 61 (2.94%) VMware ESXi
5 61 (2.94%) vSphere
6 58 (2.80%) Virtual Machines
7 56 (2.70%) Virtual Servers
8 38 (1.83%) Virtual Desktop
9 34 (1.64%) VMware NSX
10 24 (1.16%) Firmware
11 23 (1.11%) ProxySG
12 19 (0.92%) XenApp
13 17 (0.82%) iptables
13 17 (0.82%) Terminal Server
14 15 (0.72%) NFS
15 14 (0.68%) XenDesktop
16 9 (0.43%) Postfix
17 8 (0.39%) Dovecot
18 7 (0.34%) DFS Replication
Systems Management
1 238 (11.48%) Terraform
2 229 (11.04%) Kubernetes
3 195 (9.40%) Microsoft Intune
4 170 (8.20%) Ansible
5 153 (7.38%) SCCM
6 86 (4.15%) WSUS
7 55 (2.65%) Nagios
8 53 (2.56%) Grafana
9 45 (2.17%) ZABBIX
10 40 (1.93%) Puppet
11 34 (1.64%) Jamf Pro
12 33 (1.59%) CASB
12 33 (1.59%) Prometheus
12 33 (1.59%) Single Sign-On
13 27 (1.30%) Graylog
14 26 (1.25%) FortiGate
15 23 (1.11%) Packer
16 18 (0.87%) Cisco CUCM
17 17 (0.82%) ServiceCenter
17 17 (0.82%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 902 (43.49%) Microsoft
2 638 (30.76%) Cisco
3 521 (25.12%) VMware
4 193 (9.31%) Citrix
5 175 (8.44%) Palo Alto
6 141 (6.80%) Juniper
7 128 (6.17%) Meraki
8 125 (6.03%) Veeam
9 118 (5.69%) Apple
10 113 (5.45%) F5
11 110 (5.30%) SolarWinds
12 105 (5.06%) HP
13 103 (4.97%) ServiceNow
14 101 (4.87%) CheckPoint
15 98 (4.73%) Google
16 94 (4.53%) Fortinet
17 89 (4.29%) Remedy
18 66 (3.18%) SAP
19 65 (3.13%) Red Hat
20 59 (2.84%) Aruba