Period
to 28 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 28 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 205 190 221
Rank change year-on-year -15 +31 -21
Permanent jobs citing VPN 823 2,532 2,661
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.66% 1.85% 1.63%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.91% 11.90% 10.95%
Number of salaries quoted 779 1,977 2,269
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% - -
10th Percentile £27,930 £25,750 £25,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 7,546 21,272 24,297
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.22% 15.53% 14.85%
Number of salaries quoted 6,026 16,414 19,174
Median annual salary £50,000 £46,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.70% -3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,350 £25,750 £25,750
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing VPN.

Salary trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 28 October 2020.

Salary histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -16 735 £50,000 +11.11% 161
UK excluding London -15 487 £42,500 +2.41% 118
London +30 298 £65,000 +18.18% 48
North of England -42 127 £40,000 +5.96% 41
South East -3 125 £50,000 +17.65% 34
Work from Home +25 114 £50,000 -20.00% 19
Midlands +24 85 £45,000 - 15
West Midlands +24 73 £47,500 +5.56% 10
North West +51 63 £46,865 +30.18% 19
South West +48 63 £37,500 -14.77% 16
Yorkshire -54 55 £35,000 -12.50% 18
Scotland +60 33 £41,250 -8.33% 4
East of England +48 29 £30,000 -28.57% 7
Wales +50 25 £39,500 -1.25% 1
East Midlands +33 12 £42,500 -8.11% 5
North East +15 9 £50,000 -11.15% 4
Northern Ireland -6 1 - -

For the 6 months to 28 October 2020, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 534 (64.88%) Firewall
2 396 (48.12%) Cisco
3 352 (42.77%) Microsoft
4 346 (42.04%) WAN
5 335 (40.70%) Azure
6 322 (39.13%) Windows
7 297 (36.09%) LAN
8 295 (35.84%) Office 365
9 292 (35.48%) Active Directory
10 244 (29.65%) Cisco Certification
11 241 (29.28%) VMware
12 236 (28.68%) DNS
13 201 (24.42%) Network Security
14 193 (23.45%) AWS
14 193 (23.45%) Windows Server
15 187 (22.72%) ITIL
16 169 (20.53%) Linux
16 169 (20.53%) VMware Infrastructure
17 168 (20.41%) DHCP
18 163 (19.81%) Wireless
19 157 (19.08%) CCNA
20 152 (18.47%) TCP/IP
21 143 (17.38%) MPLS
22 139 (16.89%) CCNP
23 135 (16.40%) OSPF
24 133 (16.16%) VLAN
25 129 (15.67%) BGP
26 123 (14.95%) DevOps
27 121 (14.70%) Palo Alto
27 121 (14.70%) Hyper-V

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (9.96%) MS Exchange
2 75 (9.11%) SharePoint
3 71 (8.63%) Skype for Business
4 49 (5.95%) IIS
5 26 (3.16%) Exchange Server 2013
6 17 (2.07%) Confluence
7 13 (1.58%) Apache
7 13 (1.58%) Exchange Server 2010
8 9 (1.09%) Elasticsearch
9 7 (0.85%) Exchange Server 2007
10 6 (0.73%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.61%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
12 4 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
12 4 (0.49%) Exchange Server 2003
13 2 (0.24%) nginx
14 1 (0.12%) Apache Spark
14 1 (0.12%) Mule
14 1 (0.12%) SharePoint 2010
14 1 (0.12%) Tomcat
Applications
1 114 (13.85%) Microsoft Office
2 34 (4.13%) MS Visio
3 14 (1.70%) Microsoft Excel
4 11 (1.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.12%) AutoCAD
6 1 (0.12%) Revit
6 1 (0.12%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 16 (1.94%) Remedy ITSM
2 5 (0.61%) Carpe Diem
2 5 (0.61%) Sentinel
3 3 (0.36%) Q-Pulse
4 1 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 335 (40.70%) Azure
2 295 (35.84%) Office 365
3 193 (23.45%) AWS
4 64 (7.78%) Azure Active Directory
5 45 (5.47%) SaaS
6 42 (5.10%) Azure ExpressRoute
6 42 (5.10%) GCP
6 42 (5.10%) IaaS
7 41 (4.98%) PaaS
8 35 (4.25%) Route 53
9 31 (3.77%) Mimecast
10 28 (3.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 27 (3.28%) Slack
12 20 (2.43%) Amazon EC2
13 19 (2.31%) Amazon S3
13 19 (2.31%) Serverless
14 18 (2.19%) AWS Lambda
15 16 (1.94%) AWS CloudFormation
15 16 (1.94%) Cloud Computing
16 13 (1.58%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 534 (64.88%) Firewall
2 346 (42.04%) WAN
3 297 (36.09%) LAN
4 236 (28.68%) DNS
5 201 (24.42%) Network Security
6 168 (20.41%) DHCP
7 163 (19.81%) Wireless
8 152 (18.47%) TCP/IP
9 143 (17.38%) MPLS
10 135 (16.40%) OSPF
11 133 (16.16%) VLAN
12 129 (15.67%) BGP
13 112 (13.61%) VoIP
14 91 (11.06%) IPsec
15 89 (10.81%) Wi-Fi
16 79 (9.60%) SSL
17 76 (9.23%) Skype
18 73 (8.87%) Cisco ASA
19 71 (8.63%) Internet
20 60 (7.29%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (10.33%) SQL Server
2 40 (4.86%) Amazon RDS
3 23 (2.79%) MySQL
4 19 (2.31%) PostgreSQL
5 16 (1.94%) NoSQL
6 12 (1.46%) Azure SQL Database
7 11 (1.34%) MongoDB
8 9 (1.09%) Redis
8 9 (1.09%) Relational Database
9 8 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
10 7 (0.85%) SQL Server 2008
11 6 (0.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 6 (0.73%) SQL Server 2012
12 5 (0.61%) Oracle Database
12 5 (0.61%) Power BI
12 5 (0.61%) SQL Server 2014
13 3 (0.36%) Blockchain
13 3 (0.36%) SQL Server 2019
14 2 (0.24%) Cosmos DB
14 2 (0.24%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 25 (3.04%) Jenkins
2 24 (2.92%) JIRA
3 17 (2.07%) Git (software)
4 14 (1.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 14 (1.70%) GitLab
4 14 (1.70%) Sonatype Nexus
5 13 (1.58%) Bitbucket
6 12 (1.46%) Vagrant
7 8 (0.97%) SonarQube
8 6 (0.73%) Artifactory
8 6 (0.73%) Bitbucket Server
8 6 (0.73%) Hudson
9 5 (0.61%) FishEye
10 4 (0.49%) Selenium
10 4 (0.49%) Visual Studio
11 3 (0.36%) Cucumber
12 2 (0.24%) Grunt
12 2 (0.24%) Subversion
12 2 (0.24%) VSS/SourceSafe
13 1 (0.12%) TeamCity
General
1 121 (14.70%) Finance
2 53 (6.44%) Telecoms
3 32 (3.89%) Banking
4 22 (2.67%) Legal
5 20 (2.43%) Public Sector
6 17 (2.07%) Financial Institution
7 13 (1.58%) Law
8 8 (0.97%) Investment Banking
8 8 (0.97%) Retail
9 7 (0.85%) Advertising
10 6 (0.73%) Marketing
11 5 (0.61%) Aerospace
11 5 (0.61%) Manufacturing
12 4 (0.49%) Electronics
13 3 (0.36%) Local Government
13 3 (0.36%) Military
13 3 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.24%) Fire and Rescue
14 2 (0.24%) French Language
14 2 (0.24%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 222 (26.97%) Network Engineer
2 90 (10.94%) Analyst
3 81 (9.84%) Senior Network Engineer
4 70 (8.51%) Support Engineer
5 68 (8.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 59 (7.17%) IT Engineer
7 50 (6.08%) Security Engineer
8 49 (5.95%) Consultant
9 48 (5.83%) DevOps Engineer
10 46 (5.59%) Azure Engineer
11 45 (5.47%) Cloud Engineer
12 43 (5.22%) Architect
13 42 (5.10%) Cisco Engineer
14 40 (4.86%) Cisco Network Engineer
15 36 (4.37%) Network Security Engineer
16 35 (4.25%) IT Support
17 30 (3.65%) Security Analyst
18 29 (3.52%) 3rd Line Support
19 27 (3.28%) 3rd Line Engineer
20 24 (2.92%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (3.65%) Web Services
2 25 (3.04%) 802.1X
3 21 (2.55%) HTML
4 19 (2.31%) CSS
4 19 (2.31%) LDAP
5 18 (2.19%) XML
6 17 (2.07%) Ajax
7 16 (1.94%) SOAP
8 10 (1.22%) .NET
8 10 (1.22%) Elastic Stack
9 8 (0.97%) JSON
10 7 (0.85%) YAML
11 6 (0.73%) XMPP
12 5 (0.61%) Kafka
13 4 (0.49%) LAMP
13 4 (0.49%) Node.js
14 3 (0.36%) Middleware
14 3 (0.36%) REST
14 3 (0.36%) WebSockets
14 3 (0.36%) WSH
Miscellaneous
1 99 (12.03%) Data Centre
2 65 (7.90%) Management Information System
3 55 (6.68%) Analytical Skills
4 37 (4.50%) Public Cloud
5 31 (3.77%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 30 (3.65%) PKI
7 28 (3.40%) Replication
8 23 (2.79%) Self-Motivation
9 22 (2.67%) Clustering
10 20 (2.43%) Hybrid Cloud
11 16 (1.94%) CMDB
11 16 (1.94%) Cyberthreat
11 16 (1.94%) Enterprise Software
11 16 (1.94%) Video Conferencing
12 12 (1.46%) Security Operations Centre
13 8 (0.97%) Enterprise Cloud
13 8 (0.97%) Internet of Things
13 8 (0.97%) Smartphone
14 7 (0.85%) Greenfield Project
14 7 (0.85%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 322 (39.13%) Windows
2 193 (23.45%) Windows Server
3 169 (20.53%) Linux
4 102 (12.39%) Windows 10
5 63 (7.65%) Windows Server 2012
6 59 (7.17%) Windows 7
7 53 (6.44%) Windows Server 2016
8 50 (6.08%) Windows Server 2008
9 43 (5.22%) Windows Server 2019
10 35 (4.25%) Mac OS X
11 31 (3.77%) Unix
12 25 (3.04%) CentOS
13 19 (2.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 17 (2.07%) Windows 8
15 15 (1.82%) Android
16 13 (1.58%) Mac OS
17 11 (1.34%) Solaris
18 10 (1.22%) Ubuntu
19 9 (1.09%) Windows XP
20 6 (0.73%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 187 (22.72%) ITIL
2 123 (14.95%) DevOps
3 113 (13.73%) Problem-Solving
4 92 (11.18%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 77 (9.36%) Network Monitoring
6 75 (9.11%) Cybersecurity
7 71 (8.63%) Information Security
8 66 (8.02%) Load Balancing
9 65 (7.90%) Project Management
10 61 (7.41%) Agile Software Development
10 61 (7.41%) SIEM
11 57 (6.93%) Disaster Recovery
11 57 (6.93%) Mentoring
12 54 (6.56%) Change Management
12 54 (6.56%) Kalman Filter
13 51 (6.20%) Customer Requirements
13 51 (6.20%) Problem Management
14 50 (6.08%) Configuration Management
14 50 (6.08%) Proactive Monitoring
15 48 (5.83%) Service Delivery
Programming Languages
1 99 (12.03%) Python
2 91 (11.06%) PowerShell
3 87 (10.57%) SQL
4 45 (5.47%) Bash Shell
5 25 (3.04%) JavaScript
6 23 (2.79%) Java
7 22 (2.67%) Ruby
8 17 (2.07%) Perl
9 11 (1.34%) C
9 11 (1.34%) Shell Script
10 10 (1.22%) C#
10 10 (1.22%) PHP
11 8 (0.97%) Go
12 6 (0.73%) C++
12 6 (0.73%) PL/SQL
13 3 (0.36%) T-SQL
13 3 (0.36%) VB
14 1 (0.12%) Korn
14 1 (0.12%) VB.NET
14 1 (0.12%) VBA
Qualifications
1 244 (29.65%) Cisco Certification
2 157 (19.08%) CCNA
3 139 (16.89%) CCNP
4 65 (7.90%) Degree
5 54 (6.56%) Microsoft Certification
6 45 (5.47%) Security Cleared
7 38 (4.62%) SC Cleared
8 34 (4.13%) MCSE
9 27 (3.28%) CISSP
10 24 (2.92%) CISM
11 23 (2.79%) MCSA
12 19 (2.31%) CCIE
13 17 (2.07%) JNCIS
14 14 (1.70%) Computer Science Degree
15 13 (1.58%) GCFA
15 13 (1.58%) GCIH
15 13 (1.58%) ITIL Certification
16 11 (1.34%) DBS Check
16 11 (1.34%) DV Cleared
17 10 (1.22%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 116 (14.09%) SLA
2 71 (8.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 51 (6.20%) GDPR
4 43 (5.22%) PCI DSS
5 25 (3.04%) NIST
6 13 (1.58%) COBIT
7 8 (0.97%) Cyber Essentials
7 8 (0.97%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 7 (0.85%) QA
9 6 (0.73%) BS25999
10 4 (0.49%) NCSC
11 3 (0.36%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 3 (0.36%) ISO 9001
11 3 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 1 (0.12%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.12%) NIST 800
System Software
1 292 (35.48%) Active Directory
2 169 (20.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 121 (14.70%) Hyper-V
4 58 (7.05%) Docker
5 52 (6.32%) Virtual Machines
6 39 (4.74%) VMware ESXi
7 24 (2.92%) Virtual Servers
8 23 (2.79%) XenApp
9 17 (2.07%) VMware NSX
9 17 (2.07%) vSphere
10 14 (1.70%) Firmware
10 14 (1.70%) XenDesktop
11 13 (1.58%) BitLocker
12 12 (1.46%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 11 (1.34%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 9 (1.09%) NFS
15 7 (0.85%) Terminal Services
16 6 (0.73%) GlusterFS
16 6 (0.73%) VirtualBox
17 5 (0.61%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 97 (11.79%) Ansible
2 64 (7.78%) Terraform
3 60 (7.29%) Kubernetes
4 58 (7.05%) Puppet
5 50 (6.08%) Nagios
6 41 (4.98%) SCCM
7 39 (4.74%) Opscode Chef
8 38 (4.62%) FortiGate
9 36 (4.37%) Microsoft Intune
10 29 (3.52%) SCVMM
11 19 (2.31%) Backup Exec
12 18 (2.19%) Cisco CUCM
13 16 (1.94%) HP UCMDB
14 15 (1.82%) Prometheus
14 15 (1.82%) WSUS
15 12 (1.46%) Single Sign-On
16 11 (1.34%) Grafana
16 11 (1.34%) ZABBIX
17 10 (1.22%) Cisco Prime
17 10 (1.22%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 396 (48.12%) Cisco
2 352 (42.77%) Microsoft
3 241 (29.28%) VMware
4 121 (14.70%) CheckPoint
4 121 (14.70%) Palo Alto
5 80 (9.72%) Citrix
6 70 (8.51%) HP
7 67 (8.14%) Juniper
8 63 (7.65%) Meraki
9 59 (7.17%) Fortinet
10 57 (6.93%) SolarWinds
11 56 (6.80%) F5
12 51 (6.20%) Veeam
13 47 (5.71%) Sophos
14 41 (4.98%) Avaya
15 35 (4.25%) Riverbed
16 33 (4.01%) Dell
17 31 (3.77%) Blue Coat
18 27 (3.28%) Zscaler
19 26 (3.16%) McAfee