Period
to 8 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 8 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
8 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 196 221 199
Rank change year-on-year +25 -22 -15
Permanent jobs citing VPN 2,292 2,471 3,228
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.72% 1.56% 1.80%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.25% 10.40% 11.60%
Number of salaries quoted 1,770 2,001 2,591
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £26,000 £25,000 £25,750
90th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £40,000

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 20,382 23,752 27,830
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.34% 14.95% 15.48%
Number of salaries quoted 15,921 18,656 22,534
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £25,750 £26,250 £25,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing VPN.

Salary trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 8 December 2019.

Salary histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 8 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +26 2,113 £45,000 - 432
UK excluding London +29 1,405 £40,000 - 340
London +8 796 £55,000 +4.76% 122
South East +36 460 £42,500 +6.25% 97
North of England +71 348 £37,500 - 98
Midlands +31 234 £41,500 -2.35% 53
Yorkshire +71 208 £40,000 +5.26% 33
West Midlands +2 163 £40,000 -11.11% 36
South West +57 151 £37,500 -5.66% 25
North West +4 130 £37,000 +8.82% 59
East of England -25 115 £42,500 - 36
East Midlands +45 71 £46,250 +8.82% 17
Scotland +39 61 £50,000 +35.14% 16
Wales -9 26 £38,500 -11.49% 15
North East +23 10 £34,958 +7.56% 6
Northern Ireland -1 10 £36,000 +71.43%
Channel Islands +9 4 £25,000 -23.08%

For the 6 months to 8 December 2019, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 1,497 (65.31%) Firewall
2 1,045 (45.59%) Cisco
3 994 (43.37%) Windows
4 870 (37.96%) WAN
5 848 (37.00%) Microsoft
6 821 (35.82%) Active Directory
7 766 (33.42%) Cisco Certification
8 745 (32.50%) DNS
9 744 (32.46%) LAN
10 673 (29.36%) Azure
11 607 (26.48%) Office 365
12 581 (25.35%) VMware
13 563 (24.56%) CCNP
14 556 (24.26%) Linux
15 552 (24.08%) Windows Server
16 542 (23.65%) DHCP
17 515 (22.47%) TCP/IP
18 484 (21.12%) Network Security
19 474 (20.68%) CCNA
20 473 (20.64%) BGP
21 454 (19.81%) MPLS
22 432 (18.85%) VMware Infrastructure
23 424 (18.50%) Wireless
24 414 (18.06%) OSPF
25 408 (17.80%) AWS
26 394 (17.19%) Data Centre
27 386 (16.84%) Cisco ASA
28 370 (16.14%) ITIL
29 349 (15.23%) IPsec
30 348 (15.18%) Palo Alto

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 276 (12.04%) MS Exchange
2 133 (5.80%) SharePoint
3 106 (4.62%) Skype for Business
4 97 (4.23%) Exchange Server 2013
5 91 (3.97%) IIS
6 78 (3.40%) Exchange Server 2010
7 33 (1.44%) Apache
8 31 (1.35%) nginx
9 27 (1.18%) Confluence
9 27 (1.18%) Elasticsearch
9 27 (1.18%) Exchange Server 2007
10 22 (0.96%) IBM Notes
11 20 (0.87%) Apache Spark
12 19 (0.83%) Exchange Server 2003
13 14 (0.61%) CMS
13 14 (0.61%) Tomcat
13 14 (0.61%) WebSphere
14 8 (0.35%) WordPress
15 7 (0.31%) IBM Domino
15 7 (0.31%) OpenStack
Applications
1 293 (12.78%) Microsoft Office
2 76 (3.32%) Microsoft Excel
3 63 (2.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 55 (2.40%) MS Visio
5 21 (0.92%) Acrobat
6 16 (0.70%) Microsoft Project
7 7 (0.31%) Gephi
8 6 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.087%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.044%) 3ds Max
10 1 (0.044%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.044%) Autodesk Inventor
10 1 (0.044%) MicroStation
10 1 (0.044%) Revit
Business Applications
1 7 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 4 (0.17%) Cisco SocialMiner
4 3 (0.13%) Elite 3E
4 3 (0.13%) NetSuite
4 3 (0.13%) Remedy ITSM
4 3 (0.13%) Visualfiles
5 1 (0.044%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.044%) Infor M3
5 1 (0.044%) Pegasus Opera
5 1 (0.044%) Sage 200
Cloud Services
1 673 (29.36%) Azure
2 607 (26.48%) Office 365
3 408 (17.80%) AWS
4 130 (5.67%) IaaS
5 122 (5.32%) SaaS
6 100 (4.36%) PaaS
7 89 (3.88%) Azure Active Directory
8 59 (2.57%) AWS CloudFormation
9 55 (2.40%) GCP
10 50 (2.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 41 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
12 34 (1.48%) OneDrive
13 27 (1.18%) OpenShift
14 26 (1.13%) Amazon EC2
15 24 (1.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 21 (0.92%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 19 (0.83%) Serverless
18 18 (0.79%) Amazon ECS
19 17 (0.74%) AWS Lambda
19 17 (0.74%) Mimecast
Communications & Networking
1 1,497 (65.31%) Firewall
2 870 (37.96%) WAN
3 745 (32.50%) DNS
4 744 (32.46%) LAN
5 542 (23.65%) DHCP
6 515 (22.47%) TCP/IP
7 484 (21.12%) Network Security
8 473 (20.64%) BGP
9 454 (19.81%) MPLS
10 424 (18.50%) Wireless
11 414 (18.06%) OSPF
12 386 (16.84%) Cisco ASA
13 349 (15.23%) IPsec
14 325 (14.18%) VLAN
15 260 (11.34%) VoIP
16 226 (9.86%) Internet
17 184 (8.03%) SSL
18 182 (7.94%) Cisco Nexus
19 178 (7.77%) SAN
20 170 (7.42%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 156 (6.81%) SQL Server
2 36 (1.57%) Amazon RDS
2 36 (1.57%) MySQL
3 30 (1.31%) PostgreSQL
4 27 (1.18%) Big Data
5 24 (1.05%) NoSQL
6 22 (0.96%) Relational Database
7 20 (0.87%) Apache Hive
8 14 (0.61%) SQL Server 2008
8 14 (0.61%) SQL Server 2016
9 13 (0.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 12 (0.52%) DB2
10 12 (0.52%) Hadoop
10 12 (0.52%) HBase
10 12 (0.52%) SQL Server 2014
10 12 (0.52%) Sqoop
11 11 (0.48%) Apache Cassandra
11 11 (0.48%) SQL Server 2012
12 9 (0.39%) SQL Server 2005
13 8 (0.35%) Impala
Development Applications
1 75 (3.27%) Jenkins
2 60 (2.62%) JIRA
3 42 (1.83%) VSS/SourceSafe
4 30 (1.31%) Git (software)
5 28 (1.22%) Vagrant
6 24 (1.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 19 (0.83%) Hudson
8 11 (0.48%) Bitbucket
9 9 (0.39%) GitLab
10 8 (0.35%) Sonatype Nexus
11 7 (0.31%) Octopus Deploy
11 7 (0.31%) TeamCity
11 7 (0.31%) Visual Studio
12 5 (0.22%) Subversion
13 4 (0.17%) CircleCI
13 4 (0.17%) JMeter
13 4 (0.17%) MSI
14 3 (0.13%) git-flow
15 2 (0.087%) Bitbucket Server
16 1 (0.044%) Burp Suite
General
1 241 (10.51%) Finance
2 187 (8.16%) Telecoms
3 95 (4.14%) Retail
4 94 (4.10%) Public Sector
5 60 (2.62%) Law
6 55 (2.40%) Banking
7 51 (2.23%) Legal
8 33 (1.44%) Manufacturing
9 32 (1.40%) Marketing
10 19 (0.83%) Aerospace
11 16 (0.70%) Back Office
12 14 (0.61%) Games
13 13 (0.57%) Automotive
14 12 (0.52%) Publishing
15 11 (0.48%) French Language
15 11 (0.48%) Police
16 10 (0.44%) Electronics
17 9 (0.39%) Fire and Rescue
17 9 (0.39%) German Language
18 8 (0.35%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 662 (28.88%) Network Engineer
2 280 (12.22%) Support Engineer
3 231 (10.08%) Analyst
4 192 (8.38%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 179 (7.81%) IT Support
6 167 (7.29%) Security Engineer
7 148 (6.46%) IT Engineer
8 142 (6.20%) Architect
9 138 (6.02%) Network Security Engineer
10 137 (5.98%) Cisco Engineer
11 133 (5.80%) DevOps Engineer
12 131 (5.72%) Senior Network Engineer
13 129 (5.63%) Consultant
14 126 (5.50%) Cisco Network Engineer
15 102 (4.45%) Support Analyst
16 94 (4.10%) 2nd Line Support
17 91 (3.97%) IT Support Engineer
18 90 (3.93%) Administrator
19 84 (3.66%) 3rd Line Engineer
20 81 (3.53%) IT Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 65 (2.84%) LDAP
2 49 (2.14%) Elastic Stack
3 35 (1.53%) 802.1X
4 29 (1.27%) .NET
5 26 (1.13%) Web Services
6 25 (1.09%) SAML
7 24 (1.05%) CSS
8 19 (0.83%) Kafka
9 18 (0.79%) XML
10 14 (0.61%) HTML
10 14 (0.61%) JSON
10 14 (0.61%) LAMP
10 14 (0.61%) RabbitMQ
10 14 (0.61%) WebSphere MQ
11 12 (0.52%) OAuth
12 11 (0.48%) ActiveMQ
12 11 (0.48%) ADSI
12 11 (0.48%) Ajax
12 11 (0.48%) REST
13 9 (0.39%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 394 (17.19%) Data Centre
2 199 (8.68%) Management Information System
3 160 (6.98%) Analytical Skills
4 143 (6.24%) Self-Motivation
5 95 (4.14%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
6 94 (4.10%) Public Cloud
7 55 (2.40%) Driving Licence
8 49 (2.14%) Clustering
8 49 (2.14%) Linux Command Line
9 44 (1.92%) Video Conferencing
10 40 (1.75%) iPhone
11 39 (1.70%) Replication
12 37 (1.61%) Blackberry
13 32 (1.40%) Hybrid Cloud
13 32 (1.40%) PKI
14 30 (1.31%) User Experience
15 22 (0.96%) Greenfield Project
16 21 (0.92%) Private Cloud
17 20 (0.87%) Virtual Team
18 18 (0.79%) Cybercrime
Operating Systems
1 994 (43.37%) Windows
2 556 (24.26%) Linux
3 552 (24.08%) Windows Server
4 333 (14.53%) Windows 10
5 267 (11.65%) Windows Server 2012
6 213 (9.29%) Windows 7
7 201 (8.77%) Windows Server 2008
8 118 (5.15%) Unix
9 116 (5.06%) Windows Server 2003
10 81 (3.53%) CentOS
11 79 (3.45%) Ubuntu
12 76 (3.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 68 (2.97%) Android
14 47 (2.05%) Windows 8
15 43 (1.88%) Windows XP
16 36 (1.57%) Apple iOS
17 33 (1.44%) Mac OS
18 26 (1.13%) Debian
19 24 (1.05%) Windows Vista
20 16 (0.70%) Windows 2000
Processes & Methodologies
1 370 (16.14%) ITIL
2 295 (12.87%) Problem-Solving
3 238 (10.38%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 227 (9.90%) Network Design
5 207 (9.03%) DevOps
6 205 (8.94%) Load Balancing
7 171 (7.46%) Agile Software Development
7 171 (7.46%) Network Management
8 157 (6.85%) Service Delivery
9 147 (6.41%) Cybersecurity
10 145 (6.33%) Change Management
11 143 (6.24%) Information Security
12 133 (5.80%) SIEM
13 125 (5.45%) Network Monitoring
14 120 (5.24%) Migration
15 118 (5.15%) Disaster Recovery
16 117 (5.10%) Project Delivery
17 116 (5.06%) Change Control
18 113 (4.93%) Incident Management
19 110 (4.80%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 257 (11.21%) Python
2 233 (10.17%) PowerShell
3 167 (7.29%) SQL
4 164 (7.16%) Bash Shell
5 93 (4.06%) Perl
6 56 (2.44%) Ruby
7 47 (2.05%) Java
8 43 (1.88%) C
9 32 (1.40%) Go
10 26 (1.13%) PHP
10 26 (1.13%) Shell Script
11 25 (1.09%) JavaScript
12 18 (0.79%) C#
13 10 (0.44%) VBScript
14 8 (0.35%) R
14 8 (0.35%) T-SQL
15 7 (0.31%) VB
16 6 (0.26%) Kotlin
17 4 (0.17%) C++
18 2 (0.087%) VBA
Qualifications
1 766 (33.42%) Cisco Certification
2 563 (24.56%) CCNP
3 474 (20.68%) CCNA
4 308 (13.44%) Degree
5 186 (8.12%) Microsoft Certification
6 114 (4.97%) MCSA
7 110 (4.80%) MCSE
8 105 (4.58%) Security Cleared
9 94 (4.10%) CCIE
10 64 (2.79%) SC Cleared
11 60 (2.62%) CCDP
12 53 (2.31%) Computer Science Degree
13 48 (2.09%) CISSP
14 44 (1.92%) DBS Check
15 43 (1.88%) JNCIA
16 42 (1.83%) MCP
17 40 (1.75%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 35 (1.53%) JNCIS
19 33 (1.44%) DV Cleared
20 28 (1.22%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 176 (7.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 162 (7.07%) SLA
3 80 (3.49%) PCI DSS
4 71 (3.10%) ISO 9001
5 26 (1.13%) NIST
6 25 (1.09%) GDPR
7 21 (0.92%) Cyber Essentials
8 18 (0.79%) QA
9 14 (0.61%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 12 (0.52%) NIST 800
11 9 (0.39%) Data Quality
11 9 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 4 (0.17%) COBIT
12 4 (0.17%) PMO
13 2 (0.087%) BS7799
13 2 (0.087%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
13 2 (0.087%) FedRAMP
13 2 (0.087%) FISMA
13 2 (0.087%) ITGC
14 1 (0.044%) GxP
System Software
1 821 (35.82%) Active Directory
2 432 (18.85%) VMware Infrastructure
3 251 (10.95%) Hyper-V
4 162 (7.07%) Docker
5 118 (5.15%) vSphere
6 76 (3.32%) VMware ESXi
7 53 (2.31%) VMware NSX
8 51 (2.23%) XenApp
9 45 (1.96%) XenDesktop
10 38 (1.66%) Virtual Machines
11 35 (1.53%) Firmware
12 33 (1.44%) Virtual Servers
13 20 (0.87%) vCloud
14 18 (0.79%) Terminal Services
15 16 (0.70%) Virtual Desktop
16 15 (0.65%) BitLocker
17 14 (0.61%) Microsoft Virtual Server
18 12 (0.52%) Citrix Hypervisor
18 12 (0.52%) HDFS
18 12 (0.52%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 171 (7.46%) Ansible
2 166 (7.24%) SCCM
3 157 (6.85%) Kubernetes
4 140 (6.11%) Nagios
5 113 (4.93%) FortiGate
6 112 (4.89%) Puppet
7 94 (4.10%) Terraform
8 84 (3.66%) WSUS
9 76 (3.32%) Opscode Chef
10 68 (2.97%) Cisco CUCM
11 51 (2.23%) Single Sign-On
12 50 (2.18%) Microsoft Intune
13 44 (1.92%) Packer
14 39 (1.70%) Grafana
15 38 (1.66%) Consul
16 36 (1.57%) ZABBIX
17 34 (1.48%) Cisco UCCX
17 34 (1.48%) Docker Swarm
17 34 (1.48%) Salt
18 31 (1.35%) Backup Exec
Vendors
1 1,045 (45.59%) Cisco
2 848 (37.00%) Microsoft
3 581 (25.35%) VMware
4 348 (15.18%) Palo Alto
5 261 (11.39%) Citrix
6 207 (9.03%) Juniper
7 205 (8.94%) CheckPoint
8 161 (7.02%) Fortinet
9 153 (6.68%) SolarWinds
10 142 (6.20%) F5
11 126 (5.50%) Meraki
12 122 (5.32%) Dell
13 121 (5.28%) HP
14 91 (3.97%) Veeam
15 79 (3.45%) Red Hat
16 77 (3.36%) Google
17 76 (3.32%) Symantec
18 72 (3.14%) ServiceNow
19 67 (2.92%) Aruba
20 60 (2.62%) Splunk