Period
to 18 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for VPN skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited VPN over the 6 months to 18 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Private Network (VPN)
UK
6 months to
18 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 220 198 179
Rank change year-on-year -22 -19 +5
Permanent jobs citing VPN 2,520 3,272 3,829
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.57% 1.83% 2.02%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 10.54% 11.72% 11.95%
Number of salaries quoted 2,040 2,641 3,296
UK median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000
10th Percentile £25,000 £25,000 £25,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £70,606 £68,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £40,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - -5.88% +7.59%

VPN is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 23,907 27,927 32,035
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.87% 15.59% 16.87%
Number of salaries quoted 18,850 22,686 26,233
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £26,000 £25,750 £26,000
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,494 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% - -

VPN
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing VPN as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing VPN.

Salary trend for VPN in the UK

VPN
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing VPN over the 6 months to 18 November 2018.

Salary histogram for VPN in the UK

VPN
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VPN within the UK over the 6 months to 18 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -22 2,379 £45,000 - 361
UK excluding London -28 1,475 £40,000 - 270
London -18 994 £52,500 - 105
South East -33 477 £40,000 -4.76% 74
North of England -47 318 £37,500 -11.76% 75
East of England +9 250 £42,500 +13.33% 23
Midlands +38 234 £41,500 +3.75% 42
West Midlands +52 190 £43,750 +9.38% 27
North West -19 178 £36,250 -14.71% 34
Yorkshire -46 133 £37,500 -7.98% 38
South West -31 109 £39,000 +5.41% 42
East Midlands +6 44 £39,500 +22.12% 15
Wales -16 37 £45,000 +16.13% 7
Scotland -29 35 £35,500 -16.47% 4
Northern Ireland +5 18 £21,000 -22.22% 3
North East -11 7 £32,500 -39.53% 3
Channel Islands - 2 £32,500 -

For the 6 months to 18 November 2018, IT jobs citing VPN also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for VPN.

1 1,527 (60.60%) Firewall
2 1,258 (49.92%) Windows
3 1,064 (42.22%) Cisco
4 989 (39.25%) Active Directory
5 930 (36.90%) WAN
6 907 (35.99%) Microsoft
7 871 (34.56%) LAN
8 752 (29.84%) VMware
9 751 (29.80%) DNS
10 638 (25.32%) Windows Server
11 636 (25.24%) TCP/IP
12 597 (23.69%) Cisco Certification
13 564 (22.38%) Linux
14 563 (22.34%) Microsoft Azure
15 522 (20.71%) DHCP
16 501 (19.88%) Office 365
17 481 (19.09%) Amazon AWS
17 481 (19.09%) VMware Infrastructure
18 478 (18.97%) ITIL
19 460 (18.25%) Data Centre
20 448 (17.78%) MPLS
21 437 (17.34%) CCNP
22 419 (16.63%) Wireless
23 387 (15.36%) VLAN
24 383 (15.20%) Citrix
25 376 (14.92%) Cisco ASA
25 376 (14.92%) Network Security
26 374 (14.84%) Hyper-V
27 373 (14.80%) BGP
28 361 (14.33%) Infrastructure Engineering

VPN
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 345 (13.69%) MS Exchange
2 156 (6.19%) SharePoint
3 133 (5.28%) Exchange Server 2010
4 128 (5.08%) Skype for Business
5 122 (4.84%) IIS
6 103 (4.09%) Exchange Server 2013
7 50 (1.98%) Apache
8 46 (1.83%) Elasticsearch
9 35 (1.39%) Exchange Server 2007
10 34 (1.35%) OpenStack
11 32 (1.27%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
12 29 (1.15%) Tomcat
13 24 (0.95%) Confluence
14 22 (0.87%) JBoss
14 22 (0.87%) nginx
15 17 (0.67%) IBM Notes
15 17 (0.67%) WebLogic
16 16 (0.63%) WebSphere
17 15 (0.60%) Exchange Server 2003
18 14 (0.56%) GlassFish
Applications
1 323 (12.82%) Microsoft Office
2 58 (2.30%) Microsoft Excel
3 54 (2.14%) MS Visio
4 31 (1.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.44%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
7 6 (0.24%) AutoCAD
8 5 (0.20%) Acrobat
9 4 (0.16%) SOLIDWORKS
10 2 (0.079%) Adobe Premiere
10 2 (0.079%) Avid Media Composer
11 1 (0.040%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.040%) Camtasia
11 1 (0.040%) Mozilla Thunderbird
Business Applications
1 25 (0.99%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (0.71%) Remedy ITSM
3 5 (0.20%) Elite 3E
4 3 (0.12%) Sage 200
4 3 (0.12%) TRIRIGA
4 3 (0.12%) Unit4 Business World
5 2 (0.079%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.079%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.079%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.079%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.079%) Temenos T24
6 1 (0.040%) Dynamics GP
6 1 (0.040%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.040%) Eikon
6 1 (0.040%) Lawson
6 1 (0.040%) Rolfe and Nolan
6 1 (0.040%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.040%) SystmOne
6 1 (0.040%) Visualfiles
6 1 (0.040%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 563 (22.34%) Microsoft Azure
2 501 (19.88%) Office 365
3 481 (19.09%) Amazon AWS
4 122 (4.84%) SaaS
5 111 (4.40%) IaaS
6 80 (3.17%) PaaS
7 62 (2.46%) Mimecast
8 59 (2.34%) Amazon EC2
9 58 (2.30%) Azure Active Directory
9 58 (2.30%) Cloud Computing
10 54 (2.14%) AWS CloudFormation
11 47 (1.87%) G Suite
12 46 (1.83%) Google Cloud Platform
13 42 (1.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 38 (1.51%) Amazon S3
15 25 (0.99%) Route 53
16 23 (0.91%) GitHub
17 19 (0.75%) Serverless
18 17 (0.67%) Amazon ELB
19 15 (0.60%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 1,527 (60.60%) Firewall
2 930 (36.90%) WAN
3 871 (34.56%) LAN
4 751 (29.80%) DNS
5 636 (25.24%) TCP/IP
6 522 (20.71%) DHCP
7 448 (17.78%) MPLS
8 419 (16.63%) Wireless
9 387 (15.36%) VLAN
10 376 (14.92%) Cisco ASA
10 376 (14.92%) Network Security
11 373 (14.80%) BGP
12 331 (13.13%) VoIP
13 328 (13.02%) OSPF
14 287 (11.39%) IPsec
15 237 (9.40%) Cisco Nexus
15 237 (9.40%) SAN
16 229 (9.09%) Internet
17 209 (8.29%) Wi-Fi
18 162 (6.43%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 309 (12.26%) SQL Server
2 49 (1.94%) SQL Server 2008
3 46 (1.83%) MySQL
4 45 (1.79%) Amazon RDS
5 33 (1.31%) SQL Server 2012
6 29 (1.15%) PostgreSQL
7 28 (1.11%) NoSQL
7 28 (1.11%) Relational Database
8 26 (1.03%) SQL Server 2016
9 24 (0.95%) Big Data
10 21 (0.83%) MongoDB
11 17 (0.67%) SQL Server 2005
11 17 (0.67%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 16 (0.63%) Apache Cassandra
13 14 (0.56%) Power BI
13 14 (0.56%) Redis
14 12 (0.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 11 (0.44%) Event Store
15 11 (0.44%) Oracle Database
16 10 (0.40%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 88 (3.49%) Jenkins
2 67 (2.66%) Vagrant
3 66 (2.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 58 (2.30%) Git (software)
4 58 (2.30%) Hudson
5 45 (1.79%) Subversion
5 45 (1.79%) TeamCity
6 41 (1.63%) Octopus Deploy
7 31 (1.23%) JIRA
8 28 (1.11%) VSS/SourceSafe
9 17 (0.67%) Sonatype Nexus
10 13 (0.52%) GitLab
10 13 (0.52%) Visual Studio
11 8 (0.32%) Bitbucket
11 8 (0.32%) Team Foundation Server
12 5 (0.20%) CircleCI
13 4 (0.16%) Cucumber
14 3 (0.12%) Gatling
14 3 (0.12%) GoCD
14 3 (0.12%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 346 (13.73%) Finance
2 165 (6.55%) Telecoms
3 71 (2.82%) Banking
4 64 (2.54%) Legal
4 64 (2.54%) Retail
5 35 (1.39%) French Language
6 33 (1.31%) Marketing
7 32 (1.27%) Advertising
8 30 (1.19%) Law
9 28 (1.11%) German Language
10 26 (1.03%) Back Office
10 26 (1.03%) Manufacturing
11 16 (0.63%) Games
12 14 (0.56%) Electronics
13 13 (0.52%) Financial Institution
14 12 (0.48%) Swedish Language
15 8 (0.32%) Investment Banking
16 6 (0.24%) Italian Language
16 6 (0.24%) Spanish Language
17 5 (0.20%) Dutch Language
Job Titles
1 547 (21.71%) Network Engineer
2 327 (12.98%) Analyst
3 290 (11.51%) Support Engineer
4 273 (10.83%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 178 (7.06%) Security Engineer
6 175 (6.94%) Architect
7 174 (6.90%) IT Support
8 151 (5.99%) IT Engineer
9 130 (5.16%) Support Analyst
10 122 (4.84%) 2nd Line Support
11 120 (4.76%) Cisco Engineer
12 118 (4.68%) Senior Network Engineer
13 113 (4.48%) Administrator
14 106 (4.21%) Cisco Network Engineer
15 103 (4.09%) Network Security Engineer
16 89 (3.53%) Systems Administrator
17 87 (3.45%) DevOps Engineer
18 84 (3.33%) IT Support Engineer
19 83 (3.29%) Consultant
20 81 (3.21%) Desktop Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 78 (3.10%) Web Services
2 54 (2.14%) LDAP
3 50 (1.98%) Elastic Stack
4 47 (1.87%) 802.1X
5 46 (1.83%) .NET
6 30 (1.19%) REST
7 27 (1.07%) ActiveMQ
8 24 (0.95%) HTML
9 22 (0.87%) Node.js
10 21 (0.83%) XML
11 18 (0.71%) ASP.NET
12 17 (0.67%) Kafka
12 17 (0.67%) Middleware
13 16 (0.63%) J2EE
13 16 (0.63%) JSON
14 15 (0.60%) .NET Framework
14 15 (0.60%) WebSphere MQ
15 14 (0.56%) Java EE
15 14 (0.56%) Java SE
15 14 (0.56%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 460 (18.25%) Data Centre
2 252 (10.00%) Analytical Skills
3 153 (6.07%) Self-Motivation
4 133 (5.28%) Video Conferencing
5 132 (5.24%) Management Information System
6 115 (4.56%) Computer Science
7 107 (4.25%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 84 (3.33%) Replication
9 64 (2.54%) PKI
10 58 (2.30%) Linux Command Line
11 57 (2.26%) Public Cloud
12 55 (2.18%) Clustering
13 49 (1.94%) Driving Licence
13 49 (1.94%) Hybrid Cloud
14 41 (1.63%) Blackberry
15 40 (1.59%) Fintech
16 38 (1.51%) NHS
17 30 (1.19%) iPhone
18 27 (1.07%) Hedge funds
19 26 (1.03%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,258 (49.92%) Windows
2 638 (25.32%) Windows Server
3 564 (22.38%) Linux
4 330 (13.10%) Windows Server 2012
5 327 (12.98%) Windows 10
6 311 (12.34%) Windows 7
7 277 (10.99%) Windows Server 2008
8 96 (3.81%) Unix
9 83 (3.29%) Windows 8
10 80 (3.17%) CentOS
11 64 (2.54%) Windows Server 2003
12 62 (2.46%) Android
13 58 (2.30%) Mac OS X
14 50 (1.98%) Ubuntu
15 38 (1.51%) Apple iOS
16 33 (1.31%) Windows XP
17 29 (1.15%) Mac OS
17 29 (1.15%) Solaris
18 24 (0.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
19 19 (0.75%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 478 (18.97%) ITIL
2 361 (14.33%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 312 (12.38%) Problem-Solving
4 241 (9.56%) Load Balancing
5 222 (8.81%) DevOps
6 203 (8.06%) Disaster Recovery
7 194 (7.70%) Information Security
8 188 (7.46%) Agile Software Development
9 180 (7.14%) SIEM
10 168 (6.67%) Project Management
11 167 (6.63%) Service Delivery
12 147 (5.83%) High Availability
13 146 (5.79%) Mentoring
14 140 (5.56%) Change Management
15 139 (5.52%) Network Management
16 128 (5.08%) Cybersecurity
16 128 (5.08%) Network Design
16 128 (5.08%) Presales
17 125 (4.96%) Configuration Management
17 125 (4.96%) Service Management
Programming Languages
1 330 (13.10%) SQL
2 289 (11.47%) PowerShell
3 251 (9.96%) Python
4 134 (5.32%) Java
5 113 (4.48%) Bash Shell
6 77 (3.06%) Go
6 77 (3.06%) Ruby
7 74 (2.94%) Perl
8 55 (2.18%) JavaScript
9 53 (2.10%) Shell Script
10 49 (1.94%) C
11 39 (1.55%) C#
12 26 (1.03%) PHP
13 24 (0.95%) C++
14 18 (0.71%) VBScript
15 16 (0.63%) VB
16 15 (0.60%) T-SQL
17 12 (0.48%) AWK
17 12 (0.48%) VBA
18 9 (0.36%) R
Qualifications
1 597 (23.69%) Cisco Certification
2 437 (17.34%) CCNP
3 282 (11.19%) CCNA
4 271 (10.75%) Degree
5 193 (7.66%) Microsoft Certification
6 141 (5.60%) CCIE
7 110 (4.37%) MCSE
7 110 (4.37%) Security Cleared
8 73 (2.90%) MCSA
8 73 (2.90%) SC Cleared
9 66 (2.62%) Computer Science Degree
9 66 (2.62%) MCP
10 51 (2.02%) CCDP
10 51 (2.02%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 50 (1.98%) MCITP
12 48 (1.90%) ITIL Certification
13 47 (1.87%) CISSP
14 37 (1.47%) CEH
15 32 (1.27%) JNCIP
16 31 (1.23%) JNCIS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 207 (8.21%) SLA
2 104 (4.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 58 (2.30%) GDPR
4 53 (2.10%) PCI DSS
5 26 (1.03%) Cyber Essentials
6 25 (0.99%) QA
7 17 (0.67%) FISMA
8 15 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 13 (0.52%) PMO
10 9 (0.36%) COBIT
11 8 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 5 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 4 (0.16%) GPG13
13 4 (0.16%) PMBOK
14 3 (0.12%) ISO 22301
14 3 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27005
15 2 (0.079%) Basel III
15 2 (0.079%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 1 (0.040%) ISO 14001
16 1 (0.040%) SEPA
System Software
1 989 (39.25%) Active Directory
2 481 (19.09%) VMware Infrastructure
3 374 (14.84%) Hyper-V
4 147 (5.83%) Docker
5 130 (5.16%) VMware ESXi
6 82 (3.25%) XenApp
7 76 (3.02%) vSphere
8 52 (2.06%) Virtual Machines
8 52 (2.06%) XenDesktop
9 46 (1.83%) Terminal Services
10 34 (1.35%) VMware NSX
11 27 (1.07%) XenServer
12 26 (1.03%) NFS
12 26 (1.03%) Virtual Servers
12 26 (1.03%) VMware Server
13 22 (0.87%) Virtual Desktop
14 18 (0.71%) DFS Replication
15 17 (0.67%) Terminal Server
16 15 (0.60%) Xen
17 13 (0.52%) iptables
Systems Management
1 147 (5.83%) Ansible
1 147 (5.83%) Nagios
2 131 (5.20%) Puppet
3 130 (5.16%) Opscode Chef
4 118 (4.68%) Kubernetes
5 117 (4.64%) SCCM
6 105 (4.17%) Terraform
7 95 (3.77%) Backup Exec
8 79 (3.13%) Packer
9 70 (2.78%) ZABBIX
10 69 (2.74%) Docker Swarm
11 68 (2.70%) Grafana
11 68 (2.70%) Salt
12 67 (2.66%) Cisco Prime
13 63 (2.50%) Graphite
14 59 (2.34%) Consul
14 59 (2.34%) Opsview
15 52 (2.06%) Norton AntiVirus
16 51 (2.02%) Microsoft Intune
17 38 (1.51%) QRadar
Vendors
1 1,064 (42.22%) Cisco
2 907 (35.99%) Microsoft
3 752 (29.84%) VMware
4 383 (15.20%) Citrix
5 332 (13.17%) Juniper
6 302 (11.98%) CheckPoint
7 245 (9.72%) F5
8 202 (8.02%) HP
9 183 (7.26%) SolarWinds
10 179 (7.10%) Palo Alto
11 138 (5.48%) Meraki
12 126 (5.00%) Dell
13 124 (4.92%) Veeam
14 108 (4.29%) Fortinet
15 91 (3.61%) Google
16 82 (3.25%) Apple
17 76 (3.02%) NetApp
17 76 (3.02%) Symantec
18 75 (2.98%) Oracle
19 74 (2.94%) Avaya