Period
to 16 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for UML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited UML over the 6 months to 16 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unified Modeling Language (UML)
UK > England
6 months to
16 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 331 318 243
Rank change year-on-year -13 -75 -48
Contract jobs citing UML 703 711 954
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.77% 0.77% 1.06%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.89% 0.90% 1.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 416 431 586
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +9.09%
10th Percentile £357 £325 £310
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £431
% change year-on-year +2.70% +7.31% +5.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 58 54 66
England median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £42.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +0.59%
10th Percentile £40.00 £37.15 £36.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.78 £54.50
UK median hourly rate £44.14 £45.00 £43.00
% change year-on-year -1.92% +4.65% +1.18%

UML is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,259 79,369 76,677
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.96% 85.96% 85.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,940 53,613 51,048
England median daily rate £475 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%
10th Percentile £300 £286 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,949 1,842 2,154
England median hourly rate £23.50 £23.26 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.04% -2.07% +5.56%
10th Percentile £11.34 £11.26 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.50 £49.75 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £23.00 £22.92
% change year-on-year +2.17% +0.34% -0.34%

UML
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing UML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for UML in England

UML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing UML in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for UML in England

UML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing UML in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for UML in England

UML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing UML in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for UML in England

UML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing UML in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for UML in England

UML
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing UML within the England region over the 6 months to 16 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 268 £525 +5.00% 44
South East -3 131 £400 -5.88% 39
South West +16 103 £450 -5.26% 39
North of England +4 77 £433 +8.13% 29
Midlands +1 74 £450 +5.88% 34
West Midlands +4 50 £450 +13.21% 28
East of England -28 50 £538 +19.44% 19
North West +5 41 £450 +6.19% 13
Yorkshire -9 25 £425 -2.86% 11
East Midlands -1 23 £475 +5.56% 6
North East -6 11 £450 +22.45% 5
UML
UK

For the 6 months to 16 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing UML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for UML.

1 354 (50.36%) Agile Software Development
2 187 (26.60%) Java
3 151 (21.48%) Software Engineering
4 133 (18.92%) Use Case
4 133 (18.92%) Security Cleared
5 130 (18.49%) SQL
6 128 (18.21%) OO
7 112 (15.93%) Finance
7 112 (15.93%) SC Cleared
7 112 (15.93%) Microservices
8 108 (15.36%) Microsoft Azure
9 106 (15.08%) Linux
10 104 (14.79%) Web Services
11 103 (14.65%) REST
12 101 (14.37%) C++
13 99 (14.08%) Microsoft
14 97 (13.80%) .NET
14 97 (13.80%) BPMN
15 96 (13.66%) SDLC
15 96 (13.66%) Oracle
15 96 (13.66%) TDD
16 94 (13.37%) BDD
17 92 (13.09%) Data Modelling
18 89 (12.66%) Scrum
18 89 (12.66%) Analytical Skills
19 87 (12.38%) JavaScript
20 85 (12.09%) SQL Server
21 83 (11.81%) Spring
22 79 (11.24%) C#
23 78 (11.10%) Maven

UML
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (3.98%) Confluence
1 28 (3.98%) JBoss
2 24 (3.41%) Elasticsearch
3 22 (3.13%) Mule
3 22 (3.13%) Tomcat
4 19 (2.70%) WebLogic
5 16 (2.28%) SharePoint
6 15 (2.13%) Apache
6 15 (2.13%) Apache Spark
7 12 (1.71%) Apache Solr
8 11 (1.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 11 (1.56%) WebSphere
9 10 (1.42%) IIS
10 7 (1.00%) BizTalk Server
10 7 (1.00%) Documentum
10 7 (1.00%) Liferay
11 6 (0.85%) NetWeaver
12 5 (0.71%) NServiceBus
13 4 (0.57%) GlassFish
14 3 (0.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 57 (8.11%) MS Visio
2 36 (5.12%) Microsoft Office
3 33 (4.69%) Microsoft Excel
4 17 (2.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.85%) Simulink
6 5 (0.71%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.28%) Windchill
8 1 (0.14%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 13 (1.85%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (1.14%) Oracle BPM
3 7 (1.00%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 4 (0.57%) HFM
4 4 (0.57%) Maximo
4 4 (0.57%) NetSuite
4 4 (0.57%) Northgate Housing
4 4 (0.57%) OPENHousing
4 4 (0.57%) Unit4 Business World
5 3 (0.43%) thinkFolio
6 2 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.28%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.28%) Temenos T24
7 1 (0.14%) Magento
7 1 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.14%) Oracle Retail
7 1 (0.14%) PeopleSoft Financials
Cloud Services
1 108 (15.36%) Microsoft Azure
2 76 (10.81%) Amazon AWS
3 24 (3.41%) SaaS
4 15 (2.13%) PaaS
5 13 (1.85%) Apigee
5 13 (1.85%) Dynamics 365
6 12 (1.71%) Boomi
7 11 (1.56%) IaaS
8 8 (1.14%) Cloud Computing
9 7 (1.00%) Google Cloud Platform
10 6 (0.85%) AWS CloudFormation
11 5 (0.71%) Office 365
11 5 (0.71%) Serverless
12 4 (0.57%) npm
12 4 (0.57%) OneDrive
13 3 (0.43%) Azure Data Factory
13 3 (0.43%) iPaaS
14 2 (0.28%) AWS Lambda
14 2 (0.28%) Azure Functions
14 2 (0.28%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 13 (1.85%) SNMP
2 11 (1.56%) Firewall
3 9 (1.28%) MVNO
3 9 (1.28%) Unified Communications
4 7 (1.00%) DNS
4 7 (1.00%) Kerberos
4 7 (1.00%) Remote Desktop
4 7 (1.00%) Reverse Proxy
5 6 (0.85%) AMQP
5 6 (0.85%) Internet
5 6 (0.85%) SAN
5 6 (0.85%) UPnP
5 6 (0.85%) VPN
5 6 (0.85%) WAN
5 6 (0.85%) Wi-Fi
6 5 (0.71%) DLNA
6 5 (0.71%) DVB
6 5 (0.71%) Ethernet
6 5 (0.71%) TCP/IP
7 4 (0.57%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (12.09%) SQL Server
2 59 (8.39%) Relational Database
3 39 (5.55%) MySQL
4 29 (4.13%) MongoDB
5 23 (3.27%) RDBMS
6 18 (2.56%) NoSQL
7 16 (2.28%) Hadoop
8 15 (2.13%) Big Data
8 15 (2.13%) Oracle Database
8 15 (2.13%) PostgreSQL
9 14 (1.99%) Data Warehouse
10 11 (1.56%) Power BI
11 10 (1.42%) Apache Kudu
11 10 (1.42%) Impala
12 8 (1.14%) Apache Cassandra
12 8 (1.14%) Data Mining
12 8 (1.14%) SQL Server 2012
13 7 (1.00%) GIS
14 6 (0.85%) Data Lake
14 6 (0.85%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 78 (11.10%) Maven
2 65 (9.25%) Subversion
3 63 (8.96%) Jenkins
4 62 (8.82%) Git (software)
5 56 (7.97%) Eclipse
6 53 (7.54%) JIRA
7 49 (6.97%) JUnit
8 41 (5.83%) Visual Studio
9 39 (5.55%) NUnit
10 36 (5.12%) Selenium
11 30 (4.27%) Ant
11 30 (4.27%) Rational Rhapsody
12 29 (4.13%) GoogleTest
13 25 (3.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 25 (3.56%) ClearCase
14 23 (3.27%) CppUnit
15 21 (2.99%) Rational DOORS
16 20 (2.84%) jMock
16 20 (2.84%) SoapUI
17 19 (2.70%) JMeter
General
1 112 (15.93%) Finance
2 70 (9.96%) Banking
3 30 (4.27%) Retail
4 25 (3.56%) Front Office
4 25 (3.56%) Investment Banking
4 25 (3.56%) Telecoms
5 19 (2.70%) Electronics
6 17 (2.42%) Aerospace
7 10 (1.42%) Legal
8 9 (1.28%) Law
8 9 (1.28%) Manufacturing
9 8 (1.14%) Avionics
10 6 (0.85%) Automotive
10 6 (0.85%) Back Office
11 5 (0.71%) Advertising
11 5 (0.71%) Games
11 5 (0.71%) Marketing
12 4 (0.57%) Financial Institution
12 4 (0.57%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.43%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 200 (28.45%) Developer
2 188 (26.74%) Architect
3 185 (26.32%) Analyst
4 167 (23.76%) Business Analyst
5 95 (13.51%) Java Developer
6 86 (12.23%) Software Engineer
7 65 (9.25%) Solutions Architect
8 39 (5.55%) Senior Developer
9 37 (5.26%) Technical Architect
10 31 (4.41%) .NET Developer
11 28 (3.98%) Software Developer
12 26 (3.70%) Data Architect
13 25 (3.56%) C++ Software Engineer
14 24 (3.41%) Embedded Engineer
14 24 (3.41%) Embedded Software Engineer
15 22 (3.13%) Integration Architect
16 20 (2.84%) Senior Java Developer
17 19 (2.70%) Technical Analyst
17 19 (2.70%) Technical Business Analyst
18 17 (2.42%) C Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 104 (14.79%) Web Services
2 103 (14.65%) REST
3 97 (13.80%) .NET
4 83 (11.81%) Spring
5 72 (10.24%) XML
6 67 (9.53%) Middleware
7 66 (9.39%) HTML
8 61 (8.68%) Hibernate
9 51 (7.25%) AngularJS
9 51 (7.25%) CSS
9 51 (7.25%) JMS
9 51 (7.25%) JSON
10 45 (6.40%) ASP.NET
11 42 (5.97%) Java EE
12 39 (5.55%) RESTful
13 36 (5.12%) jQuery
14 34 (4.84%) .NET Framework
15 33 (4.69%) ActiveMQ
15 33 (4.69%) SOAP
16 32 (4.55%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 89 (12.66%) Analytical Skills
2 35 (4.98%) Derivative
3 22 (3.13%) User Experience
4 21 (2.99%) Self-Motivation
5 20 (2.84%) DataPower
6 16 (2.28%) Management Information System
7 14 (1.99%) Fintech
8 13 (1.85%) Data Structures
8 13 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
9 12 (1.71%) Algorithms
9 12 (1.71%) Embedded Systems
9 12 (1.71%) Fixed Income
10 9 (1.28%) Client/Server
10 9 (1.28%) Equities
10 9 (1.28%) N-Tier
10 9 (1.28%) Replication
10 9 (1.28%) Taxonomies
11 8 (1.14%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
11 8 (1.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 7 (1.00%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 106 (15.08%) Linux
2 76 (10.81%) Unix
3 51 (7.25%) Windows
4 8 (1.14%) Embedded Linux
5 7 (1.00%) AIX
6 6 (0.85%) Android
7 5 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.71%) Solaris
7 5 (0.71%) VxWorks
7 5 (0.71%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.43%) FreeRTOS
9 2 (0.28%) MVS
10 1 (0.14%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.14%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 354 (50.36%) Agile Software Development
2 151 (21.48%) Software Engineering
3 133 (18.92%) Use Case
4 128 (18.21%) OO
5 112 (15.93%) Microservices
6 97 (13.80%) BPMN
7 96 (13.66%) SDLC
7 96 (13.66%) TDD
8 94 (13.37%) BDD
9 92 (13.09%) Data Modelling
10 89 (12.66%) Scrum
11 75 (10.67%) TOGAF
12 74 (10.53%) Business Analysis
12 74 (10.53%) Project Management
13 72 (10.24%) Problem-Solving
13 72 (10.24%) Unit Testing
14 67 (9.53%) Continuous Integration
15 60 (8.53%) SOA
16 59 (8.39%) Stakeholder Management
17 57 (8.11%) Workshop Facilitation
Programming Languages
1 187 (26.60%) Java
2 130 (18.49%) SQL
3 101 (14.37%) C++
4 87 (12.38%) JavaScript
5 79 (11.24%) C#
6 74 (10.53%) C
7 49 (6.97%) Python
8 39 (5.55%) PL/SQL
9 20 (2.84%) T-SQL
10 16 (2.28%) Java 8
11 15 (2.13%) Ada
11 15 (2.13%) PowerShell
12 12 (1.71%) MATLAB
13 11 (1.56%) Embedded C++
14 10 (1.42%) Embedded C
14 10 (1.42%) VBA
15 9 (1.28%) TypeScript
16 7 (1.00%) Bash Shell
16 7 (1.00%) Perl
17 6 (0.85%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 133 (18.92%) Security Cleared
2 112 (15.93%) SC Cleared
3 69 (9.82%) Degree
4 29 (4.13%) ISEB
5 9 (1.28%) BPSS Clearance
5 9 (1.28%) CISSP
5 9 (1.28%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (1.14%) CISM
7 6 (0.85%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
7 6 (0.85%) Six Sigma Green Belt
8 5 (0.71%) PhD
9 4 (0.57%) DV Cleared
9 4 (0.57%) TOGAF Certification
10 3 (0.43%) CBAP
10 3 (0.43%) ISSAP
10 3 (0.43%) ISTQB
10 3 (0.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.43%) SANS
11 2 (0.28%) HND
11 2 (0.28%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (5.55%) QA
2 19 (2.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 9 (1.28%) Data Quality
4 8 (1.14%) PCI DSS
5 6 (0.85%) COBIT
6 5 (0.71%) GDPR
6 5 (0.71%) ISO 20022
7 4 (0.57%) HL7
8 3 (0.43%) ECSS
8 3 (0.43%) MIL-STD-1553
8 3 (0.43%) Web Application Security Consortium
9 2 (0.28%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.28%) MIL-STD-498
9 2 (0.28%) MISRA
9 2 (0.28%) SLA
9 2 (0.28%) TickIT
10 1 (0.14%) EMIR
10 1 (0.14%) MiFID
10 1 (0.14%) SEPA
System Software
1 25 (3.56%) Docker
2 14 (1.99%) Active Directory
3 10 (1.42%) HDFS
4 9 (1.28%) VMware Infrastructure
5 7 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (1.00%) vSphere
6 4 (0.57%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 2 (0.28%) Firmware
7 2 (0.28%) Squid
7 2 (0.28%) Varnish
7 2 (0.28%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.28%) Xen
8 1 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 29 (4.13%) Kubernetes
2 19 (2.70%) Kibana
2 19 (2.70%) logstash
3 13 (1.85%) HP ALM
4 6 (0.85%) Single Sign-On
5 5 (0.71%) HP Quality Center
6 3 (0.43%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
6 3 (0.43%) Puppet
6 3 (0.43%) Terraform
7 2 (0.28%) Opscode Chef
7 2 (0.28%) SELinux
7 2 (0.28%) vCenter Server
8 1 (0.14%) Control-M
8 1 (0.14%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.14%) Mesos
8 1 (0.14%) SCCM
8 1 (0.14%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 99 (14.08%) Microsoft
2 96 (13.66%) Oracle
3 42 (5.97%) IBM
4 26 (3.70%) Google
5 24 (3.41%) Sybase
6 19 (2.70%) Atlassian
7 16 (2.28%) SAP
8 14 (1.99%) HP
9 12 (1.71%) Dell
10 10 (1.42%) Cisco
10 10 (1.42%) Murex
10 10 (1.42%) VMware
11 8 (1.14%) Citrix
12 5 (0.71%) Cadence
12 5 (0.71%) ESRI
12 5 (0.71%) Hyperion
12 5 (0.71%) Perforce
12 5 (0.71%) Red Hat
12 5 (0.71%) Sun
12 5 (0.71%) TIBCO