Period
to 20 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for UML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited UML over the 6 months to 20 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unified Modeling Language (UML)
UK
6 months to
20 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 301 225 179
Rank change year-on-year -76 -46 0
Contract jobs citing UML 802 1,086 1,532
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.81% 1.12% 1.42%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.95% 1.34% 1.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 496 685 882
UK median daily rate £461 £432 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.77% +4.73% -
10th Percentile £325 £311 £300
90th Percentile £595 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £410 £400
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 73 148
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +14.09%
10th Percentile £37.10 £36.25 £32.50
90th Percentile £50.78 £54.35 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.12 £42.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year +3.19% +0.59% +14.86%

UML is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 84,024 81,140 89,182
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.51% 83.79% 82.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,267 53,737 57,879
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £285 £263 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +2.50% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,958 2,261 2,720
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £24.50 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.08% +3.16% +18.75%
10th Percentile £11.32 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year -2.04% -2.00% +24.22%

UML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing UML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing UML.

Contractor daily rate trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing UML over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing UML.

Contractor hourly rate trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing UML over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for UML in the UK

UML
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing UML within the UK over the 6 months to 20 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -87 714 £475 +5.56% 284
UK excluding London -49 479 £425 +3.66% 242
London -71 313 £500 - 75
South East -84 129 £425 +6.25% 57
East of England +21 77 £450 -5.26% 35
Midlands -16 70 £418 +15.97% 27
North of England -27 70 £400 -11.11% 41
Scotland +5 60 £400 +11.89% 11
South West -39 53 £475 +11.76% 49
East Midlands +12 41 £450 +33.33% 12
North West -42 32 £424 +2.73% 21
West Midlands -10 28 £398 +10.42% 15
Yorkshire -4 24 £438 -2.78% 19
Wales -13 19 £395 -4.82% 20
North East +50 14 £368 -18.33% 1
Northern Ireland -30 2 - - 2

For the 6 months to 20 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing UML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for UML.

1 336 (41.90%) Agile Software Development
2 174 (21.70%) Java
3 159 (19.83%) Finance
4 153 (19.08%) Scrum
4 153 (19.08%) Software Engineering
5 151 (18.83%) Use Case
6 146 (18.20%) Oracle
7 145 (18.08%) SQL
8 139 (17.33%) OO
9 138 (17.21%) Web Services
10 135 (16.83%) Data Modelling
11 132 (16.46%) Stakeholder Management
12 126 (15.71%) Business Analysis
12 126 (15.71%) XML
13 125 (15.59%) SDLC
14 124 (15.46%) Security Cleared
15 112 (13.97%) C++
16 111 (13.84%) Microsoft
17 103 (12.84%) SOA
18 102 (12.72%) BPMN
19 97 (12.09%) Analytical Skills
20 93 (11.60%) TOGAF
21 91 (11.35%) Waterfall
22 82 (10.22%) SC Cleared
23 81 (10.10%) Degree
24 74 (9.23%) JavaScript
25 70 (8.73%) Banking
25 70 (8.73%) User Stories
26 69 (8.60%) C
26 69 (8.60%) MS Visio

UML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (5.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 38 (4.74%) WebSphere
3 36 (4.49%) JBoss
4 25 (3.12%) Tomcat
5 22 (2.74%) WebLogic
6 17 (2.12%) Confluence
7 15 (1.87%) SharePoint
8 9 (1.12%) Apache
9 8 (1.00%) Jetty
10 7 (0.87%) CMS
11 6 (0.75%) IIS
11 6 (0.75%) WebSphere Application Server
12 5 (0.62%) Apache Spark
12 5 (0.62%) SAS
13 4 (0.50%) Apache Pig
13 4 (0.50%) Apache Solr
13 4 (0.50%) NServiceBus
13 4 (0.50%) WildFly
14 3 (0.37%) MQSeries
15 2 (0.25%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 69 (8.60%) MS Visio
2 31 (3.87%) Microsoft Excel
3 22 (2.74%) Simulink
4 21 (2.62%) Microsoft Office
5 12 (1.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (1.12%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.25%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.12%) Open Workbench
8 1 (0.12%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 5 (0.62%) BusinessWorks
1 5 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.37%) BigMachines
2 3 (0.37%) Magento
2 3 (0.37%) Oracle Financials
2 3 (0.37%) Oracle Retail
2 3 (0.37%) PeopleSoft Financials
2 3 (0.37%) Sonata
3 2 (0.25%) SAP ERP
3 2 (0.25%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
4 1 (0.12%) BASE24
4 1 (0.12%) Endur
4 1 (0.12%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.12%) SAP CRM
4 1 (0.12%) SAP FI
4 1 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 61 (7.61%) SaaS
2 57 (7.11%) IaaS
3 56 (6.98%) Amazon AWS
4 41 (5.11%) Microsoft Azure
5 32 (3.99%) PaaS
6 27 (3.37%) iPaaS
7 18 (2.24%) SuccessFactors
8 13 (1.62%) OpenShift
9 10 (1.25%) Boomi
10 4 (0.50%) Amazon EMR
10 4 (0.50%) IBM Blueworks
10 4 (0.50%) Office 365
11 3 (0.37%) Amazon S3
11 3 (0.37%) AWS Lambda
11 3 (0.37%) Cloud Computing
11 3 (0.37%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
11 3 (0.37%) Serverless
12 2 (0.25%) AWS CloudFormation
12 2 (0.25%) Dynamics 365
12 2 (0.25%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 14 (1.75%) HTTP
1 14 (1.75%) Wireshark
2 13 (1.62%) FTP
3 10 (1.25%) AMQP
4 9 (1.12%) Ethernet
5 8 (1.00%) Internet
5 8 (1.00%) SSL
6 5 (0.62%) Unified Communications
7 4 (0.50%) FlexRay
8 3 (0.37%) Firewall
9 2 (0.25%) Broadband
9 2 (0.25%) DOCSIS
9 2 (0.25%) Intranet
9 2 (0.25%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.25%) SDH
9 2 (0.25%) SMS
9 2 (0.25%) TCP/IP
9 2 (0.25%) VoIP
9 2 (0.25%) Wireless
9 2 (0.25%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (6.48%) SQL Server
2 39 (4.86%) Relational Database
3 30 (3.74%) Hadoop
4 29 (3.62%) Data Warehouse
5 28 (3.49%) MySQL
6 27 (3.37%) Oracle Database
7 25 (3.12%) RDBMS
8 20 (2.49%) Big Data
9 18 (2.24%) NoSQL
10 17 (2.12%) MongoDB
11 16 (2.00%) Oracle Database 11g
12 14 (1.75%) Data Mining
12 14 (1.75%) Ingres
13 13 (1.62%) MS Access
13 13 (1.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 11 (1.37%) Snowflake Schema
15 10 (1.25%) OLAP
16 9 (1.12%) DB2
16 9 (1.12%) Redis
16 9 (1.12%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 49 (6.11%) Rational Rhapsody
2 44 (5.49%) JIRA
2 44 (5.49%) Rational DOORS
3 38 (4.74%) Maven
4 37 (4.61%) Jenkins
5 34 (4.24%) Eclipse
5 34 (4.24%) Subversion
6 33 (4.11%) JUnit
6 33 (4.11%) Visual Studio
7 29 (3.62%) Git (software)
8 28 (3.49%) Ant
9 27 (3.37%) SoapUI
10 20 (2.49%) Rational Rose
11 18 (2.24%) Team Foundation Server
12 16 (2.00%) IntelliJ
13 14 (1.75%) Selenium
14 12 (1.50%) ERwin
14 12 (1.50%) GDB
14 12 (1.50%) Gradle
14 12 (1.50%) XMLUnit
General
1 159 (19.83%) Finance
2 70 (8.73%) Banking
3 39 (4.86%) Retail
4 35 (4.36%) Telecoms
5 23 (2.87%) Manufacturing
6 15 (1.87%) Automotive
6 15 (1.87%) Investment Banking
6 15 (1.87%) Marketing
7 14 (1.75%) Back Office
8 12 (1.50%) Aerospace
8 12 (1.50%) Pharmaceutical
9 10 (1.25%) Electronics
10 9 (1.12%) Billing
11 5 (0.62%) Financial Institution
11 5 (0.62%) Legal
11 5 (0.62%) Retail Banking
12 4 (0.50%) Front Office
12 4 (0.50%) Games
13 3 (0.37%) Advertising
13 3 (0.37%) Law
Job Titles
1 284 (35.41%) Analyst
2 232 (28.93%) Business Analyst
3 204 (25.44%) Architect
4 117 (14.59%) Software Engineer
5 104 (12.97%) Solutions Architect
6 103 (12.84%) Developer
7 57 (7.11%) Java Developer
8 40 (4.99%) C++ Software Engineer
9 35 (4.36%) Agile Business Analyst
10 28 (3.49%) Senior Software Engineer
11 27 (3.37%) Data Architect
12 26 (3.24%) Technical Architect
13 22 (2.74%) Senior Analyst
13 22 (2.74%) Systems Analyst
14 21 (2.62%) Data Analyst
15 19 (2.37%) Finance Business Analyst
15 19 (2.37%) Financial Analyst
15 19 (2.37%) Senior Business Analyst
16 18 (2.24%) Embedded Engineer
17 17 (2.12%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 138 (17.21%) Web Services
2 126 (15.71%) XML
3 67 (8.35%) .NET
4 65 (8.10%) HTML
5 62 (7.73%) Hibernate
6 60 (7.48%) REST
7 53 (6.61%) Middleware
8 49 (6.11%) SOAP
9 48 (5.99%) CSS
9 48 (5.99%) Java EE
10 47 (5.86%) JMS
11 45 (5.61%) Spring
12 41 (5.11%) XSLT
13 40 (4.99%) J2EE
14 38 (4.74%) XSD
15 31 (3.87%) JPA
15 31 (3.87%) JSON
16 25 (3.12%) HTML5
16 25 (3.12%) JDBC
17 24 (2.99%) XSL
Miscellaneous
1 97 (12.09%) Analytical Skills
2 34 (4.24%) Enterprise Software
2 34 (4.24%) Management Information System
3 24 (2.99%) User Experience
4 23 (2.87%) Computer Science
4 23 (2.87%) Data Structures
5 15 (1.87%) Credit Risk
5 15 (1.87%) N-Tier
6 13 (1.62%) Reference Data
7 12 (1.50%) Market Risk
8 8 (1.00%) Equities
8 8 (1.00%) Frameworx
8 8 (1.00%) Mobile App
9 7 (0.87%) PMI
10 6 (0.75%) Algorithms
10 6 (0.75%) Client/Server
10 6 (0.75%) Data Protection Act
10 6 (0.75%) Embedded Systems
10 6 (0.75%) Virtual Team
11 5 (0.62%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 66 (8.23%) Linux
2 44 (5.49%) Windows
3 27 (3.37%) Unix
4 15 (1.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 6 (0.75%) VxWorks
6 4 (0.50%) Android
6 4 (0.50%) Windows 7
7 3 (0.37%) Apple iOS
7 3 (0.37%) VMS
7 3 (0.37%) Windows 10
7 3 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
8 2 (0.25%) HPUX
8 2 (0.25%) Solaris
8 2 (0.25%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.12%) AIX
9 1 (0.12%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.12%) OpenVMS
9 1 (0.12%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.12%) Windows Embedded Compact
9 1 (0.12%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 336 (41.90%) Agile Software Development
2 153 (19.08%) Scrum
2 153 (19.08%) Software Engineering
3 151 (18.83%) Use Case
4 139 (17.33%) OO
5 135 (16.83%) Data Modelling
6 132 (16.46%) Stakeholder Management
7 126 (15.71%) Business Analysis
8 125 (15.59%) SDLC
9 103 (12.84%) SOA
10 102 (12.72%) BPMN
11 93 (11.60%) TOGAF
12 91 (11.35%) Waterfall
13 70 (8.73%) User Stories
14 69 (8.60%) Business Process Modelling
15 63 (7.86%) Project Management
15 63 (7.86%) RUP
16 61 (7.61%) Wireframes
17 55 (6.86%) Configuration Management
18 52 (6.48%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 174 (21.70%) Java
2 145 (18.08%) SQL
3 112 (13.97%) C++
4 74 (9.23%) JavaScript
5 69 (8.60%) C
6 66 (8.23%) C#
7 37 (4.61%) PL/SQL
8 31 (3.87%) Python
9 27 (3.37%) XPath
10 23 (2.87%) MATLAB
11 22 (2.74%) Ada
12 19 (2.37%) Bash Shell
12 19 (2.37%) T-SQL
13 18 (2.24%) Shell Script
14 17 (2.12%) PHP
14 17 (2.12%) VBA
15 10 (1.25%) Perl
16 9 (1.12%) XQuery
17 8 (1.00%) Embedded C++
17 8 (1.00%) VB
Qualifications
1 124 (15.46%) Security Cleared
2 82 (10.22%) SC Cleared
3 81 (10.10%) Degree
4 46 (5.74%) ISEB
5 21 (2.62%) DV Cleared
6 14 (1.75%) CBAP
7 8 (1.00%) Computer Science Degree
7 8 (1.00%) IIBA
8 7 (0.87%) Microsoft Certification
8 7 (0.87%) PMI Certification
9 6 (0.75%) Chartered Engineer
9 6 (0.75%) CITP
9 6 (0.75%) ISEB Practitioner
10 5 (0.62%) BC Cleared
10 5 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (0.62%) MCP
10 5 (0.62%) Six Sigma Black Belt
11 3 (0.37%) ISTQB
11 3 (0.37%) ITIL Certification
11 3 (0.37%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (7.61%) QA
2 28 (3.49%) Data Quality
3 21 (2.62%) GDPR
4 8 (1.00%) MISRA
5 6 (0.75%) Disclosure Scotland
6 5 (0.62%) DO-178B
6 5 (0.62%) ISO 26262
6 5 (0.62%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.50%) MiFID
8 3 (0.37%) Dodd-Frank
8 3 (0.37%) EMIR
8 3 (0.37%) IEC 62304
8 3 (0.37%) ISO 20022
8 3 (0.37%) ISO 9001
8 3 (0.37%) MISRA C
9 2 (0.25%) 21 CFR Part 11
9 2 (0.25%) Def Stans
9 2 (0.25%) GxP
9 2 (0.25%) MIL-STD-1553
9 2 (0.25%) PMO
System Software
1 16 (2.00%) Docker
2 14 (1.75%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.50%) Apache Flume
6 3 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.25%) HDFS
8 1 (0.12%) Firmware
8 1 (0.12%) zsh
Systems Management
1 13 (1.62%) Ansible
2 12 (1.50%) Puppet
3 10 (1.25%) Opscode Chef
4 8 (1.00%) Cobbler
5 4 (0.50%) Kubernetes
6 3 (0.37%) HP Quality Center
6 3 (0.37%) TIBCO Hawk
7 2 (0.25%) Oozie
7 2 (0.25%) Packer
7 2 (0.25%) SCCM
8 1 (0.12%) Mesos
8 1 (0.12%) Red Hat Spacewalk
8 1 (0.12%) Wonderware InTouch
Vendors
1 146 (18.20%) Oracle
2 111 (13.84%) Microsoft
3 38 (4.74%) Red Hat
4 30 (3.74%) IBM
4 30 (3.74%) SAP
5 24 (2.99%) Cognos
6 19 (2.37%) Workday
7 14 (1.75%) TIBCO
8 13 (1.62%) Sybase
9 12 (1.50%) Casewise
10 11 (1.37%) HP
10 11 (1.37%) Informatica
11 10 (1.25%) Dell
11 10 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
12 9 (1.12%) Atlassian
12 9 (1.12%) Solace
12 9 (1.12%) Tableau
13 8 (1.00%) Sencha
14 7 (0.87%) Google
14 7 (0.87%) VMware