Period
to 21 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for UML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited UML over the 6 months to 21 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unified Modeling Language (UML)
UK
6 months to
21 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 306 247 198
Rank change year-on-year -59 -49 -21
Contract jobs citing UML 870 998 1,450
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.84% 1.04% 1.32%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.97% 1.22% 1.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 505 638 925
UK median daily rate £475 £425 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% -5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £353 £320 £314
90th Percentile £637 £590 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £415 £413
% change year-on-year +5.42% +0.61% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 63 91 114
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £45.00 £42.48
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.11% +5.94% +5.19%
10th Percentile £36.55 £36.88 £32.50
90th Percentile £53.25 £53.75 £52.43
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.50 £45.00 £42.48
% change year-on-year -1.11% +5.94% +6.19%

UML is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 89,309 81,490 92,799
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.73% 84.93% 84.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,913 53,342 61,105
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.11% +5.76% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,461 2,132 2,284
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £25.00 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.00% +4.17% +11.63%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.49 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -16.00% - +16.01%

UML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing UML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing UML.

Contractor daily rate trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing UML over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing UML.

Contractor hourly rate trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing UML over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for UML in the UK

UML
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing UML within the UK over the 6 months to 21 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -79 738 £475 +8.57% 231
UK excluding London -54 520 £438 +5.42% 171
London -36 321 £500 - 69
South East -63 129 £438 +5.74% 51
East of England -16 92 £525 +23.53% 24
South West -29 85 £400 -5.88% 37
Scotland +18 67 £513 +28.13% 6
Midlands -9 61 £450 +7.14% 19
North of England -47 46 £400 -3.03% 31
West Midlands -14 43 £413 -0.60% 12
Wales -46 36 £395 +0.64% 3
North West -31 25 £461 +10.15% 21
Yorkshire -13 19 £388 -21.52% 9
East Midlands -9 18 £450 -5.26% 7
Northern Ireland +1 4 - -
North East -18 2 £275 -19.12% 1

For the 6 months to 21 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing UML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for UML.

1 412 (47.36%) Agile Software Development
2 249 (28.62%) Java
3 176 (20.23%) Software Engineering
4 168 (19.31%) Finance
5 163 (18.74%) Use Case
6 144 (16.55%) Security Cleared
7 141 (16.21%) OO
8 137 (15.75%) C++
9 135 (15.52%) Scrum
10 130 (14.94%) Business Analysis
11 127 (14.60%) Data Modelling
12 122 (14.02%) SC Cleared
13 116 (13.33%) Problem-Solving
14 112 (12.87%) Spring
15 110 (12.64%) C
15 110 (12.64%) BPMN
16 108 (12.41%) XML
17 107 (12.30%) Linux
18 105 (12.07%) Web Services
18 105 (12.07%) SQL
19 101 (11.61%) Microsoft
20 99 (11.38%) User Stories
20 99 (11.38%) Analytical Skills
21 96 (11.03%) Stakeholder Management
22 93 (10.69%) Oracle
23 91 (10.46%) REST
24 89 (10.23%) JavaScript
25 87 (10.00%) SDLC
26 86 (9.89%) SOA
27 85 (9.77%) TDD

UML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (6.09%) JBoss
2 30 (3.45%) Confluence
3 25 (2.87%) Tomcat
4 21 (2.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 20 (2.30%) Apache
5 20 (2.30%) WebSphere
6 19 (2.18%) WebLogic
7 18 (2.07%) Elasticsearch
8 12 (1.38%) Jetty
9 11 (1.26%) SharePoint
10 9 (1.03%) Apache Spark
10 9 (1.03%) Mule
11 8 (0.92%) Apache Solr
11 8 (0.92%) CMS
12 6 (0.69%) WebSphere Application Server
13 4 (0.46%) Alfresco
13 4 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
13 4 (0.46%) Documentum
14 3 (0.34%) Oracle Self-Service HR
14 3 (0.34%) WildFly
Applications
1 68 (7.82%) MS Visio
2 39 (4.48%) Microsoft Office
3 25 (2.87%) Microsoft Excel
4 16 (1.84%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 16 (1.84%) Simulink
5 10 (1.15%) Photoshop
6 8 (0.92%) GIMP
7 5 (0.57%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.23%) Mingle
9 1 (0.11%) Doxygen
9 1 (0.11%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 15 (1.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.92%) SAP IS-U
3 5 (0.57%) SAP CRM
3 5 (0.57%) SAP ERP
3 5 (0.57%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 4 (0.46%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 4 (0.46%) SAP BPC
4 4 (0.46%) SAP Hybris
5 3 (0.34%) Adobe Campaign
5 3 (0.34%) Eloqua
5 3 (0.34%) Sonata
6 2 (0.23%) Actimize
6 2 (0.23%) Oracle 11i
6 2 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
6 2 (0.23%) SDL Web 8
7 1 (0.11%) Maximo
7 1 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.11%) PeopleSoft Financials
Cloud Services
1 68 (7.82%) Amazon AWS
2 37 (4.25%) Microsoft Azure
3 17 (1.95%) SaaS
4 12 (1.38%) Office 365
5 10 (1.15%) Cloud Computing
5 10 (1.15%) PaaS
6 9 (1.03%) Boomi
6 9 (1.03%) IaaS
6 9 (1.03%) iPaaS
7 5 (0.57%) Serverless
8 4 (0.46%) Amazon EMR
8 4 (0.46%) Amazon S3
9 3 (0.34%) Dynamics 365
9 3 (0.34%) npm
10 2 (0.23%) AWS Lambda
10 2 (0.23%) BlueKai
10 2 (0.23%) GitHub
10 2 (0.23%) Slack
10 2 (0.23%) SuccessFactors
10 2 (0.23%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 27 (3.10%) Wireshark
2 19 (2.18%) Internet
3 17 (1.95%) TCP/IP
4 16 (1.84%) AMQP
5 14 (1.61%) HTTP
6 10 (1.15%) SNMP
7 8 (0.92%) Network Security
8 7 (0.80%) Ethernet
9 6 (0.69%) Firewall
9 6 (0.69%) Unified Communications
9 6 (0.69%) Wi-Fi
10 4 (0.46%) DLNA
10 4 (0.46%) UPnP
11 3 (0.34%) Intranet
11 3 (0.34%) LAN
11 3 (0.34%) Reverse Proxy
11 3 (0.34%) SAN
11 3 (0.34%) SSH
11 3 (0.34%) SSL
12 2 (0.23%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 76 (8.74%) SQL Server
2 57 (6.55%) Relational Database
3 39 (4.48%) MySQL
3 39 (4.48%) NoSQL
4 35 (4.02%) Data Warehouse
5 32 (3.68%) MongoDB
6 30 (3.45%) RDBMS
7 27 (3.10%) Oracle Database
8 26 (2.99%) Hadoop
9 21 (2.41%) GIS
10 18 (2.07%) Big Data
11 16 (1.84%) Oracle Database 11g
12 15 (1.72%) Geospatial Data
13 14 (1.61%) Amazon RDS
13 14 (1.61%) PostgreSQL
14 10 (1.15%) DB2
15 8 (0.92%) Data Mining
16 7 (0.80%) Ingres
16 7 (0.80%) JasperReports
16 7 (0.80%) SAP BW
Development Applications
1 72 (8.28%) Maven
2 67 (7.70%) JIRA
3 58 (6.67%) Git (software)
4 52 (5.98%) JUnit
4 52 (5.98%) Subversion
5 48 (5.52%) Rational DOORS
6 40 (4.60%) Rational Rhapsody
7 34 (3.91%) Eclipse
8 33 (3.79%) Visual Studio
9 31 (3.56%) GDB
9 31 (3.56%) Selenium
10 30 (3.45%) Jenkins
11 26 (2.99%) Hudson
12 24 (2.76%) FishEye
12 24 (2.76%) Team Foundation Server
13 20 (2.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 19 (2.18%) Rational Rose
15 15 (1.72%) Rational Team Concert
16 14 (1.61%) Cucumber
17 13 (1.49%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 168 (19.31%) Finance
2 69 (7.93%) Banking
3 49 (5.63%) Retail
4 37 (4.25%) Telecoms
5 32 (3.68%) Electronics
6 30 (3.45%) Investment Banking
7 26 (2.99%) Marketing
8 23 (2.64%) Manufacturing
9 19 (2.18%) Pharmaceutical
10 13 (1.49%) Law
11 11 (1.26%) Advertising
11 11 (1.26%) Front Office
12 10 (1.15%) Automotive
12 10 (1.15%) Legal
13 9 (1.03%) Military
14 7 (0.80%) Billing
15 6 (0.69%) Aerospace
16 5 (0.57%) Avionics
16 5 (0.57%) Back Office
16 5 (0.57%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 286 (32.87%) Analyst
2 248 (28.51%) Business Analyst
3 200 (22.99%) Architect
4 140 (16.09%) Developer
5 138 (15.86%) Software Engineer
6 102 (11.72%) Solutions Architect
7 73 (8.39%) Java Developer
8 40 (4.60%) C++ Software Engineer
9 34 (3.91%) Technical Analyst
10 33 (3.79%) Technical Architect
11 28 (3.22%) Data Architect
12 27 (3.10%) Senior Software Engineer
12 27 (3.10%) Technical Business Analyst
13 26 (2.99%) Agile Business Analyst
14 23 (2.64%) Java Architect
15 21 (2.41%) Lead Architect
15 21 (2.41%) Systems Engineer
16 19 (2.18%) SC Cleared Software Engineer
17 18 (2.07%) Finance Business Analyst
17 18 (2.07%) Financial Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 112 (12.87%) Spring
2 108 (12.41%) XML
3 105 (12.07%) Web Services
4 91 (10.46%) REST
5 78 (8.97%) Hibernate
6 60 (6.90%) HTML
7 56 (6.44%) JMS
8 55 (6.32%) Middleware
9 54 (6.21%) JSON
10 52 (5.98%) .NET
11 51 (5.86%) CSS
12 44 (5.06%) JPA
13 42 (4.83%) XSLT
14 40 (4.60%) SOAP
15 33 (3.79%) Java EE
16 32 (3.68%) AngularJS
17 30 (3.45%) J2EE
18 26 (2.99%) RESTful
19 24 (2.76%) HTML5
19 24 (2.76%) XSD
Miscellaneous
1 99 (11.38%) Analytical Skills
2 33 (3.79%) Self-Motivation
3 32 (3.68%) Management Information System
3 32 (3.68%) User Experience
4 19 (2.18%) Taxonomies
5 17 (1.95%) Computer Science
5 17 (1.95%) Fixed Income
6 16 (1.84%) Embedded Systems
7 13 (1.49%) Mobile App
7 13 (1.49%) PMI
8 12 (1.38%) Greenfield Project
9 11 (1.26%) Algorithms
9 11 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
9 11 (1.26%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
9 11 (1.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 10 (1.15%) Derivative
10 10 (1.15%) Virtual Team
11 9 (1.03%) Client/Server
11 9 (1.03%) Data Structures
11 9 (1.03%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 107 (12.30%) Linux
2 53 (6.09%) Unix
3 37 (4.25%) Windows
4 14 (1.61%) Android
5 12 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 11 (1.26%) VxWorks
7 8 (0.92%) Apple iOS
8 6 (0.69%) Embedded Linux
8 6 (0.69%) FreeRTOS
9 4 (0.46%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.34%) CentOS
10 3 (0.34%) Debian
10 3 (0.34%) Mac OS X
10 3 (0.34%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.23%) Windows 7
11 2 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.11%) AIX
12 1 (0.11%) HPUX
12 1 (0.11%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.11%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 412 (47.36%) Agile Software Development
2 176 (20.23%) Software Engineering
3 163 (18.74%) Use Case
4 141 (16.21%) OO
5 135 (15.52%) Scrum
6 130 (14.94%) Business Analysis
7 127 (14.60%) Data Modelling
8 116 (13.33%) Problem-Solving
9 110 (12.64%) BPMN
10 99 (11.38%) User Stories
11 96 (11.03%) Stakeholder Management
12 87 (10.00%) SDLC
13 86 (9.89%) SOA
14 85 (9.77%) TDD
15 80 (9.20%) TOGAF
15 80 (9.20%) Waterfall
16 72 (8.28%) Business Process Modelling
17 68 (7.82%) Microservices
18 61 (7.01%) Business Intelligence
19 59 (6.78%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 249 (28.62%) Java
2 137 (15.75%) C++
3 110 (12.64%) C
4 105 (12.07%) SQL
5 89 (10.23%) JavaScript
6 63 (7.24%) C#
7 40 (4.60%) Python
8 32 (3.68%) Embedded C++
9 30 (3.45%) Ada
10 25 (2.87%) PL/SQL
11 24 (2.76%) MATLAB
12 14 (1.61%) Embedded C
13 13 (1.49%) Java 8
13 13 (1.49%) T-SQL
14 12 (1.38%) Ada 95
15 11 (1.26%) Bash Shell
15 11 (1.26%) Shell Script
15 11 (1.26%) XPath
16 10 (1.15%) Ruby
16 10 (1.15%) XQuery
Qualifications
1 144 (16.55%) Security Cleared
2 122 (14.02%) SC Cleared
3 65 (7.47%) Degree
4 40 (4.60%) ISEB
5 13 (1.49%) PMI Certification
6 11 (1.26%) CBAP
7 10 (1.15%) ITIL Certification
8 8 (0.92%) DV Cleared
9 6 (0.69%) BPSS Clearance
9 6 (0.69%) Computer Science Degree
10 5 (0.57%) IIBA
10 5 (0.57%) ISEB Practitioner
10 5 (0.57%) PhD
11 4 (0.46%) ACCA
11 4 (0.46%) CIMA
11 4 (0.46%) CISSP
12 3 (0.34%) GIAC
12 3 (0.34%) TOGAF Certification
13 2 (0.23%) CTC Cleared
13 2 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (5.63%) QA
2 12 (1.38%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.92%) DO-178B
3 8 (0.92%) GDPR
3 8 (0.92%) MISRA
4 6 (0.69%) ISO 20022
5 5 (0.57%) MISRA C
6 4 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.46%) MIL-STD-498
6 4 (0.46%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.34%) ECSS
7 3 (0.34%) IEC 61508
7 3 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 15288
7 3 (0.34%) PSD2
8 2 (0.23%) COBIT
8 2 (0.23%) Def Stans
8 2 (0.23%) IEC 62304
8 2 (0.23%) ISO 13485
9 1 (0.11%) DICOM
9 1 (0.11%) HL7
System Software
1 32 (3.68%) Docker
2 13 (1.49%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.69%) Firmware
4 3 (0.34%) HDFS
4 3 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.11%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 24 (2.76%) Ansible
2 18 (2.07%) Kubernetes
3 14 (1.61%) Consul
4 13 (1.49%) Puppet
5 12 (1.38%) Terraform
6 11 (1.26%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.80%) Cobbler
8 6 (0.69%) SELinux
9 5 (0.57%) HP Quality Center
10 3 (0.34%) Kibana
10 3 (0.34%) logstash
10 3 (0.34%) Salt
10 3 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.23%) Data Guard
11 2 (0.23%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 2 (0.23%) Oracle RMAN
11 2 (0.23%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
12 1 (0.11%) Docker Swarm
12 1 (0.11%) Icinga
12 1 (0.11%) Oozie
Vendors
1 101 (11.61%) Microsoft
2 93 (10.69%) Oracle
3 40 (4.60%) SAP
4 33 (3.79%) IBM
5 24 (2.76%) Google
6 23 (2.64%) Atlassian
7 22 (2.53%) Informatica
8 21 (2.41%) Sybase
9 17 (1.95%) Red Hat
10 14 (1.61%) Murex
11 11 (1.26%) Adobe
11 11 (1.26%) TIBCO
12 9 (1.03%) Casewise
12 9 (1.03%) Dell
13 8 (0.92%) VMware
14 7 (0.80%) hybris
14 7 (0.80%) OpenText
15 6 (0.69%) Tableau
15 6 (0.69%) WSO2
16 5 (0.57%) Hortonworks