Period
to 20 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for UML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited UML over the 6 months to 20 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unified Modeling Language (UML)
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 311 245 189
Rank change year-on-year -66 -56 -10
Contract jobs citing UML 816 989 1,459
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.81% 1.07% 1.37%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.94% 1.26% 1.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 510 615 884
UK median daily rate £468 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.89% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £338 £317 £308
90th Percentile £618 £610 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 48 95 160
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £43.00 £43.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.33% -1.99% +18.58%
10th Percentile £37.35 £37.50 £33.00
90th Percentile £49.35 £53.75 £56.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.75 £43.00 £43.75
% change year-on-year -0.58% -1.71% +19.05%

UML is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,597 78,235 89,282
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.60% 84.37% 83.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,197 51,483 58,291
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £298 £270 £263
90th Percentile £638 £620 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £395
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.27% +5.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,222 2,132 2,454
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £25.00 £24.24
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% +3.14% +18.24%
10th Percentile £11.19 £11.40 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.25 £51.25 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.24 £25.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -15.04% - +14.14%

UML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing UML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing UML.

Contractor daily rate trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing UML over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing UML.

Contractor hourly rate trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing UML over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for UML in the UK

UML
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing UML within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -91 686 £475 +5.56% 262
UK excluding London -53 499 £425 - 233
London -68 292 £500 -1.96% 53
South East -77 116 £425 +1.19% 53
Midlands +21 87 £413 +10.00% 28
East of England -15 84 £475 +5.56% 38
Scotland +15 72 £525 +35.48% 14
North of England -39 58 £400 -3.03% 43
West Midlands +23 51 £406 +14.44% 15
South West -59 45 £400 -9.09% 47
East Midlands +9 36 £438 +11.11% 13
Wales -34 31 £393 -5.99% 10
North West -42 27 £475 +26.67% 24
Yorkshire -20 23 £375 -25.00% 14
North East +33 8 £360 +5.88% 5
Northern Ireland -14 6 - -

For the 6 months to 20 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing UML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for UML.

1 387 (47.43%) Agile Software Development
2 203 (24.88%) Java
3 162 (19.85%) Finance
3 162 (19.85%) Use Case
4 155 (19.00%) Scrum
5 145 (17.77%) Business Analysis
6 143 (17.52%) Software Engineering
7 142 (17.40%) Stakeholder Management
8 135 (16.54%) OO
8 135 (16.54%) Data Modelling
9 125 (15.32%) XML
10 115 (14.09%) SQL
11 114 (13.97%) C++
12 113 (13.85%) Microsoft
12 113 (13.85%) Security Cleared
13 107 (13.11%) Problem-Solving
14 106 (12.99%) SDLC
15 102 (12.50%) BPMN
16 101 (12.38%) Web Services
17 100 (12.25%) Analytical Skills
18 99 (12.13%) User Stories
18 99 (12.13%) Oracle
19 95 (11.64%) SOA
20 88 (10.78%) REST
21 87 (10.66%) Waterfall
22 84 (10.29%) C
23 83 (10.17%) SC Cleared
24 78 (9.56%) MS Visio
25 75 (9.19%) Linux
26 74 (9.07%) JavaScript

UML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (4.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 29 (3.55%) JBoss
3 23 (2.82%) WebSphere
4 17 (2.08%) Confluence
5 16 (1.96%) Tomcat
6 15 (1.84%) Elasticsearch
7 14 (1.72%) Apache
7 14 (1.72%) SharePoint
8 12 (1.47%) WebLogic
9 11 (1.35%) CMS
10 8 (0.98%) Apache Spark
10 8 (0.98%) WebSphere Application Server
11 7 (0.86%) Apache Solr
12 5 (0.61%) Jetty
13 4 (0.49%) Documentum
13 4 (0.49%) Mule
13 4 (0.49%) SAS
14 3 (0.37%) Commerce Server
14 3 (0.37%) MQSeries
14 3 (0.37%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 78 (9.56%) MS Visio
2 43 (5.27%) Microsoft Excel
3 33 (4.04%) Microsoft Office
4 19 (2.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (1.96%) Simulink
6 7 (0.86%) Microsoft Project
7 4 (0.49%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.37%) GIMP
9 1 (0.12%) EngageOne
9 1 (0.12%) Mingle
9 1 (0.12%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 10 (1.23%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.74%) Sonata
3 3 (0.37%) Adobe Campaign
3 3 (0.37%) Eloqua
4 2 (0.25%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.25%) Magento
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle 11i
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.25%) SDL Web 8
4 2 (0.25%) TIBCO BusinessEvents
5 1 (0.12%) BASE24
5 1 (0.12%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 64 (7.84%) Amazon AWS
2 36 (4.41%) Microsoft Azure
2 36 (4.41%) SaaS
3 30 (3.68%) IaaS
4 26 (3.19%) PaaS
5 14 (1.72%) Boomi
6 13 (1.59%) iPaaS
7 9 (1.10%) Cloud Computing
8 7 (0.86%) Office 365
8 7 (0.86%) Serverless
9 6 (0.74%) Amazon EMR
10 5 (0.61%) AWS Lambda
11 4 (0.49%) Amazon S3
11 4 (0.49%) IBM Blueworks
11 4 (0.49%) OpenShift
11 4 (0.49%) SuccessFactors
12 3 (0.37%) GitHub
12 3 (0.37%) npm
12 3 (0.37%) Slack
13 2 (0.25%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 20 (2.45%) HTTP
2 19 (2.33%) Internet
3 12 (1.47%) TCP/IP
4 10 (1.23%) Wireshark
5 9 (1.10%) Unified Communications
6 8 (0.98%) Network Security
7 6 (0.74%) Ethernet
8 5 (0.61%) FTP
8 5 (0.61%) SSL
9 4 (0.49%) DLNA
9 4 (0.49%) UPnP
9 4 (0.49%) Wi-Fi
10 3 (0.37%) Broadband
10 3 (0.37%) LAN
10 3 (0.37%) SSH
11 2 (0.25%) IGMP
11 2 (0.25%) Intranet
11 2 (0.25%) SAN
11 2 (0.25%) VoIP
11 2 (0.25%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (7.11%) SQL Server
2 37 (4.53%) Relational Database
3 29 (3.55%) Oracle Database
4 26 (3.19%) Data Warehouse
5 23 (2.82%) RDBMS
6 22 (2.70%) Hadoop
7 21 (2.57%) MySQL
8 20 (2.45%) NoSQL
9 19 (2.33%) Oracle Database 11g
10 16 (1.96%) GIS
11 15 (1.84%) Amazon RDS
12 14 (1.72%) Big Data
13 12 (1.47%) DB2
13 12 (1.47%) Geospatial Data
14 11 (1.35%) MongoDB
14 11 (1.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 10 (1.23%) PostgreSQL
16 9 (1.10%) MS Access
17 8 (0.98%) Data Mining
17 8 (0.98%) Ingres
Development Applications
1 56 (6.86%) Maven
2 44 (5.39%) JIRA
3 39 (4.78%) JUnit
4 36 (4.41%) Visual Studio
5 35 (4.29%) Subversion
6 34 (4.17%) Rational Rhapsody
7 33 (4.04%) Git (software)
8 31 (3.80%) Rational DOORS
9 28 (3.43%) Jenkins
10 26 (3.19%) Eclipse
11 22 (2.70%) Team Foundation Server
12 21 (2.57%) Ant
13 20 (2.45%) Selenium
14 16 (1.96%) Rational Rose
14 16 (1.96%) SoapUI
15 14 (1.72%) ERwin
15 14 (1.72%) GDB
15 14 (1.72%) Hudson
16 13 (1.59%) Mockito
16 13 (1.59%) TeamCity
General
1 162 (19.85%) Finance
2 72 (8.82%) Banking
3 49 (6.00%) Retail
4 47 (5.76%) Telecoms
5 30 (3.68%) Electronics
6 28 (3.43%) Manufacturing
7 27 (3.31%) Marketing
8 19 (2.33%) Investment Banking
9 15 (1.84%) Pharmaceutical
10 14 (1.72%) Back Office
10 14 (1.72%) Legal
11 12 (1.47%) Automotive
12 9 (1.10%) Aerospace
12 9 (1.10%) Retail Banking
13 8 (0.98%) Financial Institution
13 8 (0.98%) Military
14 7 (0.86%) Advertising
15 6 (0.74%) Billing
16 4 (0.49%) Law
17 3 (0.37%) Games
Job Titles
1 308 (37.75%) Analyst
2 258 (31.62%) Business Analyst
3 195 (23.90%) Architect
4 119 (14.58%) Software Engineer
5 92 (11.27%) Solutions Architect
6 88 (10.78%) Developer
7 44 (5.39%) C++ Software Engineer
8 40 (4.90%) Java Developer
9 38 (4.66%) Agile Business Analyst
10 35 (4.29%) Senior Software Engineer
11 34 (4.17%) Technical Architect
12 31 (3.80%) Technical Analyst
13 28 (3.43%) Data Architect
14 23 (2.82%) Lead Architect
14 23 (2.82%) Technical Business Analyst
15 22 (2.70%) Finance Business Analyst
15 22 (2.70%) Financial Analyst
15 22 (2.70%) Senior Analyst
16 20 (2.45%) Senior Business Analyst
17 19 (2.33%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 125 (15.32%) XML
2 101 (12.38%) Web Services
3 88 (10.78%) REST
4 63 (7.72%) .NET
4 63 (7.72%) Spring
5 57 (6.99%) HTML
6 54 (6.62%) JSON
7 53 (6.50%) CSS
8 51 (6.25%) Hibernate
9 49 (6.00%) SOAP
10 43 (5.27%) Middleware
11 40 (4.90%) Java EE
12 39 (4.78%) JMS
13 36 (4.41%) XSD
14 34 (4.17%) XSLT
15 30 (3.68%) AngularJS
16 27 (3.31%) J2EE
17 23 (2.82%) jQuery
18 22 (2.70%) Ajax
18 22 (2.70%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 100 (12.25%) Analytical Skills
2 33 (4.04%) Management Information System
3 27 (3.31%) Self-Motivation
4 21 (2.57%) Enterprise Software
5 20 (2.45%) User Experience
6 19 (2.33%) Data Structures
7 15 (1.84%) PMI
8 13 (1.59%) Credit Risk
8 13 (1.59%) N-Tier
9 12 (1.47%) Algorithms
9 12 (1.47%) Computer Science
9 12 (1.47%) Market Risk
9 12 (1.47%) Taxonomies
9 12 (1.47%) Virtual Team
10 10 (1.23%) Embedded Systems
11 9 (1.10%) Client/Server
11 9 (1.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 8 (0.98%) Derivative
12 8 (0.98%) Greenfield Project
13 7 (0.86%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
Operating Systems
1 75 (9.19%) Linux
2 40 (4.90%) Unix
3 37 (4.53%) Windows
4 18 (2.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 12 (1.47%) Android
6 7 (0.86%) Embedded Linux
7 6 (0.74%) VxWorks
7 6 (0.74%) Windows 10
7 6 (0.74%) Windows 7
8 5 (0.61%) Windows Server 2012
9 4 (0.49%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.49%) Mac OS X
10 3 (0.37%) CentOS
10 3 (0.37%) Debian
10 3 (0.37%) FreeRTOS
10 3 (0.37%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.25%) AIX
11 2 (0.25%) HPUX
11 2 (0.25%) Windows Server
11 2 (0.25%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 387 (47.43%) Agile Software Development
2 162 (19.85%) Use Case
3 155 (19.00%) Scrum
4 145 (17.77%) Business Analysis
5 143 (17.52%) Software Engineering
6 142 (17.40%) Stakeholder Management
7 135 (16.54%) Data Modelling
7 135 (16.54%) OO
8 107 (13.11%) Problem-Solving
9 106 (12.99%) SDLC
10 102 (12.50%) BPMN
11 99 (12.13%) User Stories
12 95 (11.64%) SOA
13 87 (10.66%) Waterfall
14 73 (8.95%) TOGAF
15 71 (8.70%) Business Process Modelling
16 68 (8.33%) Project Management
17 67 (8.21%) Business Intelligence
18 63 (7.72%) DevOps
19 60 (7.35%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 203 (24.88%) Java
2 115 (14.09%) SQL
3 114 (13.97%) C++
4 84 (10.29%) C
5 74 (9.07%) JavaScript
6 71 (8.70%) C#
7 30 (3.68%) PL/SQL
8 26 (3.19%) Embedded C++
9 24 (2.94%) Python
10 23 (2.82%) MATLAB
10 23 (2.82%) XPath
11 20 (2.45%) Ada
12 17 (2.08%) Shell Script
13 15 (1.84%) T-SQL
13 15 (1.84%) VBA
13 15 (1.84%) XQuery
14 10 (1.23%) PHP
15 9 (1.10%) Ada 95
15 9 (1.10%) Bash Shell
15 9 (1.10%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 113 (13.85%) Security Cleared
2 83 (10.17%) SC Cleared
3 70 (8.58%) Degree
4 46 (5.64%) ISEB
5 15 (1.84%) PMI Certification
6 13 (1.59%) CBAP
7 11 (1.35%) ITIL Certification
8 8 (0.98%) BPSS Clearance
8 8 (0.98%) DV Cleared
8 8 (0.98%) Microsoft Certification
9 5 (0.61%) MCP
10 4 (0.49%) PhD
10 4 (0.49%) TOGAF Certification
11 3 (0.37%) Computer Science Degree
11 3 (0.37%) IIBA
11 3 (0.37%) MCPD
12 2 (0.25%) CITP
12 2 (0.25%) GIAC
12 2 (0.25%) ISEB Practitioner
12 2 (0.25%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (5.15%) QA
2 27 (3.31%) Data Quality
3 16 (1.96%) GDPR
4 7 (0.86%) DO-178B
5 6 (0.74%) Disclosure Scotland
5 6 (0.74%) ISO 20022
5 6 (0.74%) MISRA
5 6 (0.74%) MISRA C
6 5 (0.61%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.49%) MIL-STD-498
8 3 (0.37%) Def Stans
8 3 (0.37%) IEC 62304
8 3 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 15288
8 3 (0.37%) PSD2
9 2 (0.25%) Dodd-Frank
9 2 (0.25%) EMIR
9 2 (0.25%) MiFID
9 2 (0.25%) SEPA
10 1 (0.12%) BS7666
10 1 (0.12%) IEC 61508
System Software
1 25 (3.06%) Docker
2 12 (1.47%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (0.61%) VMware ESXi
3 5 (0.61%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.49%) Firmware
4 4 (0.49%) HDFS
5 3 (0.37%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 20 (2.45%) Ansible
2 18 (2.21%) Kubernetes
3 14 (1.72%) Consul
4 12 (1.47%) Terraform
5 7 (0.86%) Puppet
6 6 (0.74%) SELinux
7 4 (0.49%) HP Quality Center
8 3 (0.37%) Oozie
8 3 (0.37%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (0.37%) Salt
8 3 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
9 2 (0.25%) Data Guard
9 2 (0.25%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 2 (0.25%) Oracle RMAN
9 2 (0.25%) WebSphere Service Registry and Repository
10 1 (0.12%) Cobbler
10 1 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
10 1 (0.12%) Icinga
10 1 (0.12%) Kibana
10 1 (0.12%) logstash
Vendors
1 113 (13.85%) Microsoft
2 99 (12.13%) Oracle
3 26 (3.19%) IBM
3 26 (3.19%) Red Hat
4 25 (3.06%) SAP
5 17 (2.08%) Informatica
6 16 (1.96%) Google
7 14 (1.72%) Dell
8 13 (1.59%) Atlassian
9 12 (1.47%) Casewise
9 12 (1.47%) Cognos
10 10 (1.23%) OpenText
10 10 (1.23%) Sybase
11 9 (1.10%) Adobe
11 9 (1.10%) Tableau
12 8 (0.98%) Cloudera
12 8 (0.98%) TIBCO
12 8 (0.98%) WSO2
13 6 (0.74%) Hortonworks
13 6 (0.74%) VMware