Period
to 22 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for UML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited UML over the 6 months to 22 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unified Modeling Language (UML)
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 322 323 235
Rank change year-on-year +1 -88 -52
Contract jobs citing UML 798 803 1,072
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.80% 0.81% 1.12%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.92% 0.94% 1.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 475 497 682
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £432
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +6.48% +4.73%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £310
90th Percentile £629 £595 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £411
% change year-on-year +2.94% +3.34% +2.81%
Number of hourly rates quoted 67 53 71
UK median hourly rate £44.27 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.62% +5.88% -0.58%
10th Percentile £39.50 £37.10 £36.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.78 £54.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.00 £44.12 £42.75
% change year-on-year -0.26% +3.19% +0.59%

UML is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,684 85,539 81,175
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.99% 85.87% 85.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,252 57,186 53,627
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £408 £400
% change year-on-year +4.29% +1.88% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,197 2,029 2,360
UK median hourly rate £23.49 £23.00 £23.10
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.13% -0.41% -1.72%
10th Percentile £11.27 £11.25 £11.06
90th Percentile £50.00 £49.55 £48.41
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.37 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -6.81% +6.67% -10.00%

UML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing UML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing UML.

Contractor daily rate trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing UML over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing UML.

Contractor hourly rate trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing UML over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for UML in the UK

UML
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing UML within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -23 696 £475 - 225
UK excluding London +2 524 £438 +2.94% 197
London -22 263 £525 +5.00% 54
South East +2 136 £400 -5.88% 39
South West +12 96 £450 -5.26% 33
North of England -3 79 £425 +6.25% 40
Midlands +7 73 £450 +7.78% 38
East of England -18 49 £563 +25.00% 21
West Midlands -1 48 £450 +13.21% 34
Wales +14 45 £450 +13.92% 9
North West +9 43 £425 +0.29% 24
Scotland -29 41 £400 - 17
Yorkshire -10 25 £425 -2.86% 12
East Midlands -4 24 £488 +8.33% 4
North East -10 11 £450 +22.45% 4
Isle of Man - 4 - -
Northern Ireland +25 3 £433 -

For the 6 months to 22 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing UML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for UML.

1 376 (47.12%) Agile Software Development
2 213 (26.69%) Java
3 201 (25.19%) Software Engineering
4 172 (21.55%) OO
5 153 (19.17%) Security Cleared
6 143 (17.92%) SQL
7 141 (17.67%) Use Case
8 135 (16.92%) C++
9 132 (16.54%) SC Cleared
10 120 (15.04%) .NET
11 119 (14.91%) Finance
11 119 (14.91%) Microservices
12 117 (14.66%) Linux
13 114 (14.29%) Web Services
13 114 (14.29%) SDLC
14 112 (14.04%) Microsoft Azure
15 111 (13.91%) JavaScript
16 108 (13.53%) Oracle
17 107 (13.41%) Analytical Skills
18 106 (13.28%) REST
19 105 (13.16%) C#
20 103 (12.91%) BPMN
21 101 (12.66%) Microsoft
22 99 (12.41%) TDD
23 97 (12.16%) BDD
24 96 (12.03%) Spring
25 92 (11.53%) HTML
26 88 (11.03%) C
26 88 (11.03%) SQL Server
27 87 (10.90%) Scrum

UML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (4.76%) JBoss
2 37 (4.64%) Tomcat
3 33 (4.14%) Confluence
4 30 (3.76%) WebLogic
5 24 (3.01%) Elasticsearch
6 22 (2.76%) Mule
7 19 (2.38%) Apache
8 18 (2.26%) SharePoint
9 17 (2.13%) WebSphere
10 15 (1.88%) Apache Spark
10 15 (1.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 12 (1.50%) Apache Solr
12 10 (1.25%) IIS
13 9 (1.13%) Jetty
14 7 (0.88%) BizTalk Server
14 7 (0.88%) Documentum
14 7 (0.88%) Liferay
14 7 (0.88%) NetWeaver
15 5 (0.63%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 5 (0.63%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 59 (7.39%) MS Visio
2 35 (4.39%) Microsoft Office
3 34 (4.26%) Microsoft Excel
4 17 (2.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (1.38%) Simulink
6 5 (0.63%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.38%) Windchill
8 1 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 14 (1.75%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (1.13%) Oracle BPM
3 7 (0.88%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 4 (0.50%) HFM
4 4 (0.50%) Maximo
4 4 (0.50%) NetSuite
4 4 (0.50%) Northgate Housing
4 4 (0.50%) OPENHousing
4 4 (0.50%) Unit4 Business World
5 3 (0.38%) thinkFolio
6 2 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.25%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.25%) Temenos T24
7 1 (0.13%) Magento
7 1 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.13%) Oracle Retail
7 1 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.13%) PeopleSoft Financials
7 1 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 112 (14.04%) Microsoft Azure
2 81 (10.15%) Amazon AWS
3 23 (2.88%) SaaS
4 14 (1.75%) PaaS
5 13 (1.63%) Apigee
5 13 (1.63%) Boomi
5 13 (1.63%) Dynamics 365
6 11 (1.38%) IaaS
7 8 (1.00%) Cloud Computing
8 7 (0.88%) Google Cloud Platform
9 6 (0.75%) AWS CloudFormation
9 6 (0.75%) Office 365
10 5 (0.63%) npm
10 5 (0.63%) Serverless
11 4 (0.50%) OneDrive
12 3 (0.38%) Azure Data Factory
12 3 (0.38%) iPaaS
13 2 (0.25%) AWS Lambda
13 2 (0.25%) Azure Functions
13 2 (0.25%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 16 (2.01%) SNMP
2 14 (1.75%) Firewall
3 11 (1.38%) TCP/IP
4 9 (1.13%) DNS
4 9 (1.13%) MVNO
4 9 (1.13%) Unified Communications
5 8 (1.00%) Reverse Proxy
5 8 (1.00%) VPN
5 8 (1.00%) WAN
6 7 (0.88%) AMQP
6 7 (0.88%) Internet
6 7 (0.88%) Kerberos
6 7 (0.88%) Remote Desktop
6 7 (0.88%) SAN
7 6 (0.75%) UPnP
7 6 (0.75%) Wi-Fi
8 5 (0.63%) DLNA
8 5 (0.63%) DVB
8 5 (0.63%) Ethernet
8 5 (0.63%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (11.03%) SQL Server
2 58 (7.27%) Relational Database
3 40 (5.01%) MySQL
4 34 (4.26%) MongoDB
5 23 (2.88%) NoSQL
6 22 (2.76%) RDBMS
7 20 (2.51%) Hadoop
8 19 (2.38%) Oracle Database
9 15 (1.88%) PostgreSQL
10 14 (1.75%) Data Warehouse
11 13 (1.63%) Big Data
12 11 (1.38%) Power BI
13 10 (1.25%) Apache Kudu
13 10 (1.25%) Impala
13 10 (1.25%) SQL Server 2012
14 9 (1.13%) Oracle Database 11g
15 8 (1.00%) GIS
15 8 (1.00%) Redis
16 7 (0.88%) Data Mining
16 7 (0.88%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 84 (10.53%) Maven
2 73 (9.15%) Subversion
3 69 (8.65%) JIRA
4 66 (8.27%) Git (software)
5 64 (8.02%) Jenkins
6 62 (7.77%) Eclipse
7 56 (7.02%) JUnit
8 48 (6.02%) Visual Studio
9 40 (5.01%) NUnit
9 40 (5.01%) Selenium
10 34 (4.26%) Ant
11 32 (4.01%) Rational Rhapsody
12 30 (3.76%) GoogleTest
13 29 (3.63%) Rational DOORS
14 26 (3.26%) ClearCase
15 24 (3.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 24 (3.01%) CppUnit
16 23 (2.88%) SoapUI
17 21 (2.63%) Cucumber
18 20 (2.51%) JMeter
General
1 119 (14.91%) Finance
2 73 (9.15%) Banking
3 34 (4.26%) Retail
4 25 (3.13%) Front Office
4 25 (3.13%) Telecoms
5 24 (3.01%) Investment Banking
6 20 (2.51%) Aerospace
6 20 (2.51%) Electronics
7 12 (1.50%) Avionics
7 12 (1.50%) Legal
7 12 (1.50%) Manufacturing
8 9 (1.13%) Law
8 9 (1.13%) Military
9 7 (0.88%) Back Office
10 6 (0.75%) Automotive
11 5 (0.63%) Advertising
11 5 (0.63%) Games
11 5 (0.63%) Marketing
11 5 (0.63%) Retail Banking
12 4 (0.50%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 238 (29.82%) Developer
2 200 (25.06%) Architect
3 189 (23.68%) Analyst
4 173 (21.68%) Business Analyst
5 117 (14.66%) Software Engineer
6 112 (14.04%) Java Developer
7 71 (8.90%) Solutions Architect
8 48 (6.02%) Senior Developer
9 42 (5.26%) .NET Developer
10 40 (5.01%) Technical Architect
11 32 (4.01%) Software Developer
12 30 (3.76%) Embedded Engineer
12 30 (3.76%) Embedded Software Engineer
12 30 (3.76%) Senior Software Engineer
13 27 (3.38%) C++ Software Engineer
14 25 (3.13%) Data Architect
15 23 (2.88%) Integration Architect
16 22 (2.76%) Senior Java Developer
17 20 (2.51%) C Software Engineer
17 20 (2.51%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 120 (15.04%) .NET
2 114 (14.29%) Web Services
3 106 (13.28%) REST
4 96 (12.03%) Spring
5 92 (11.53%) HTML
6 85 (10.65%) XML
7 71 (8.90%) Hibernate
8 70 (8.77%) Middleware
9 67 (8.40%) CSS
10 57 (7.14%) AngularJS
11 53 (6.64%) .NET Framework
12 52 (6.52%) jQuery
12 52 (6.52%) JSON
13 51 (6.39%) JMS
14 49 (6.14%) Java EE
15 46 (5.76%) ASP.NET
16 44 (5.51%) RESTful
17 41 (5.14%) SOAP
18 38 (4.76%) JPA
19 36 (4.51%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 107 (13.41%) Analytical Skills
2 36 (4.51%) Self-Motivation
3 34 (4.26%) Derivative
4 24 (3.01%) User Experience
5 20 (2.51%) DataPower
6 16 (2.01%) Management Information System
7 15 (1.88%) Algorithms
7 15 (1.88%) Enterprise Software
7 15 (1.88%) Fintech
8 13 (1.63%) Data Structures
9 12 (1.50%) N-Tier
10 11 (1.38%) Client/Server
10 11 (1.38%) Embedded Systems
11 10 (1.25%) Replication
12 9 (1.13%) Fixed Income
12 9 (1.13%) Taxonomies
13 8 (1.00%) Data Centre
13 8 (1.00%) Equities
13 8 (1.00%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
13 8 (1.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 117 (14.66%) Linux
2 86 (10.78%) Unix
3 67 (8.40%) Windows
4 8 (1.00%) Embedded Linux
4 8 (1.00%) VxWorks
5 7 (0.88%) AIX
6 6 (0.75%) Android
6 6 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (0.75%) Solaris
6 6 (0.75%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.25%) MVS
8 1 (0.13%) Apple iOS
8 1 (0.13%) CentOS
8 1 (0.13%) FreeRTOS
8 1 (0.13%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 376 (47.12%) Agile Software Development
2 201 (25.19%) Software Engineering
3 172 (21.55%) OO
4 141 (17.67%) Use Case
5 119 (14.91%) Microservices
6 114 (14.29%) SDLC
7 103 (12.91%) BPMN
8 99 (12.41%) TDD
9 97 (12.16%) BDD
10 87 (10.90%) Problem-Solving
10 87 (10.90%) Scrum
11 85 (10.65%) Data Modelling
12 84 (10.53%) TOGAF
13 80 (10.03%) Business Analysis
13 80 (10.03%) Project Management
14 76 (9.52%) Unit Testing
15 75 (9.40%) SOA
16 68 (8.52%) Continuous Integration
17 63 (7.89%) Stakeholder Management
18 60 (7.52%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 213 (26.69%) Java
2 143 (17.92%) SQL
3 135 (16.92%) C++
4 111 (13.91%) JavaScript
5 105 (13.16%) C#
6 88 (11.03%) C
7 55 (6.89%) Python
8 41 (5.14%) PL/SQL
9 21 (2.63%) T-SQL
10 16 (2.01%) Ada
10 16 (2.01%) Embedded C++
10 16 (2.01%) MATLAB
11 15 (1.88%) Embedded C
11 15 (1.88%) Java 8
11 15 (1.88%) PowerShell
12 11 (1.38%) VB
13 10 (1.25%) TypeScript
13 10 (1.25%) VBA
14 9 (1.13%) Bash Shell
15 8 (1.00%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 153 (19.17%) Security Cleared
2 132 (16.54%) SC Cleared
3 70 (8.77%) Degree
4 28 (3.51%) ISEB
5 13 (1.63%) BPSS Clearance
6 9 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
7 8 (1.00%) CISM
7 8 (1.00%) CISSP
8 6 (0.75%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
8 6 (0.75%) Six Sigma Green Belt
9 5 (0.63%) PhD
10 4 (0.50%) ITIL Certification
10 4 (0.50%) TOGAF Certification
11 3 (0.38%) CBAP
11 3 (0.38%) DV Cleared
11 3 (0.38%) ISSAP
11 3 (0.38%) ISTQB
11 3 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.38%) SANS
12 2 (0.25%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (5.39%) QA
2 20 (2.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 9 (1.13%) Data Quality
4 8 (1.00%) PCI DSS
5 6 (0.75%) COBIT
6 5 (0.63%) GDPR
7 4 (0.50%) HL7
8 3 (0.38%) ECSS
8 3 (0.38%) MIL-STD-1553
8 3 (0.38%) Web Application Security Consortium
9 2 (0.25%) DO-178B
9 2 (0.25%) ISO 20022
9 2 (0.25%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.25%) MIL-STD-498
9 2 (0.25%) MISRA
9 2 (0.25%) SLA
9 2 (0.25%) TickIT
10 1 (0.13%) MiFID
10 1 (0.13%) SEPA
System Software
1 32 (4.01%) Docker
2 15 (1.88%) Active Directory
3 10 (1.25%) HDFS
3 10 (1.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (1.00%) vSphere
5 7 (0.88%) Firmware
6 4 (0.50%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 2 (0.25%) Squid
7 2 (0.25%) Varnish
7 2 (0.25%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.25%) Xen
8 1 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 31 (3.88%) Kubernetes
2 19 (2.38%) Kibana
2 19 (2.38%) logstash
3 13 (1.63%) HP ALM
4 7 (0.88%) Puppet
5 6 (0.75%) Opscode Chef
5 6 (0.75%) Single Sign-On
6 4 (0.50%) Ansible
6 4 (0.50%) Cobbler
7 3 (0.38%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
7 3 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
7 3 (0.38%) Terraform
8 2 (0.25%) SELinux
8 2 (0.25%) vCenter Server
9 1 (0.13%) Control-M
9 1 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.13%) Mesos
9 1 (0.13%) SCCM
9 1 (0.13%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 108 (13.53%) Oracle
2 101 (12.66%) Microsoft
3 48 (6.02%) IBM
4 26 (3.26%) Google
5 23 (2.88%) Sybase
6 18 (2.26%) Atlassian
7 16 (2.01%) SAP
8 15 (1.88%) HP
9 13 (1.63%) Dell
10 11 (1.38%) Cisco
10 11 (1.38%) VMware
11 10 (1.25%) TIBCO
12 8 (1.00%) Citrix
13 7 (0.88%) ESRI
13 7 (0.88%) Murex
13 7 (0.88%) Red Hat
13 7 (0.88%) Sun
14 6 (0.75%) UiPath
15 5 (0.63%) Arista
15 5 (0.63%) Automation Anywhere