Period
to 23 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for UML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited UML over the 6 months to 23 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unified Modeling Language (UML)
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 332 284 226
Rank change year-on-year -48 -58 -45
Contract jobs citing UML 800 907 1,309
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.77% 0.91% 1.24%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.90% 1.06% 1.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 463 573 854
UK median daily rate £475 £425 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% -2.30% +7.41%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £310
90th Percentile £625 £594 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £400 £405
% change year-on-year +9.38% -1.23% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 67 71 57
UK median hourly rate £44.27 £45.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.62% +7.14% +4.01%
10th Percentile £36.65 £37.50 £35.65
90th Percentile £51.25 £53.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.50 £45.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year -1.11% +7.14% +4.01%

UML is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 89,210 85,922 89,728
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.24% 85.75% 85.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,880 56,977 59,235
UK median daily rate £455 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.11% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,415 2,057 2,438
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.98 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.93% +11.02% +3.73%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.41
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.17 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -19.32% +11.11% +2.69%

UML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing UML as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing UML.

Contractor daily rate trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing UML over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing UML.

Contractor hourly rate trend for UML in the UK

UML
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing UML over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for UML in the UK

UML
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing UML within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -43 699 £475 +8.57% 187
UK excluding London -44 490 £438 +9.38% 182
London -24 299 £505 +1.00% 36
South East -36 128 £438 +9.38% 44
South West 0 108 £450 - 40
East of England -17 57 £538 +30.30% 15
Midlands -14 56 £450 +5.88% 26
Scotland -5 52 £388 +7.12% 17
North of England -42 52 £425 +6.25% 26
West Midlands -10 41 £450 +8.43% 17
Wales -27 36 £418 +6.37% 12
North West -22 31 £473 +11.18% 12
Yorkshire -13 18 £425 +4.94% 10
East Midlands -4 15 £475 - 9
Northern Ireland +30 3 £433 -7.87% 2
North East -16 3 £313 -10.71% 4

For the 6 months to 23 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing UML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for UML.

1 382 (47.75%) Agile Software Development
2 248 (31.00%) Java
3 183 (22.88%) Software Engineering
4 140 (17.50%) Finance
5 137 (17.13%) OO
6 134 (16.75%) Security Cleared
7 131 (16.38%) Spring
8 130 (16.25%) SQL
9 129 (16.13%) C++
10 126 (15.75%) Web Services
11 117 (14.63%) TDD
12 116 (14.50%) JavaScript
13 114 (14.25%) SC Cleared
14 109 (13.63%) Use Case
15 106 (13.25%) Linux
16 105 (13.13%) Microservices
17 101 (12.63%) Data Modelling
18 100 (12.50%) Hibernate
18 100 (12.50%) BPMN
19 97 (12.13%) BDD
19 97 (12.13%) Microsoft
19 97 (12.13%) XML
19 97 (12.13%) HTML
19 97 (12.13%) Oracle
19 97 (12.13%) SQL Server
20 96 (12.00%) REST
21 95 (11.88%) SDLC
22 92 (11.50%) Microsoft Azure
22 92 (11.50%) C#
23 91 (11.38%) Scrum

UML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (7.63%) JBoss
2 36 (4.50%) Tomcat
3 27 (3.38%) Confluence
4 26 (3.25%) WebLogic
5 24 (3.00%) Mule
6 19 (2.38%) Apache
6 19 (2.38%) Elasticsearch
7 15 (1.88%) Apache Solr
8 14 (1.75%) WebSphere
9 13 (1.63%) Jetty
10 12 (1.50%) SharePoint
11 9 (1.13%) Apache Spark
11 9 (1.13%) IIS
12 8 (1.00%) NServiceBus
13 7 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 7 (0.88%) WildFly
14 5 (0.63%) BizTalk Server
14 5 (0.63%) GlassFish
15 4 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
16 3 (0.38%) Alfresco
Applications
1 48 (6.00%) MS Visio
2 28 (3.50%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (2.25%) Microsoft Excel
4 12 (1.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (1.50%) Simulink
5 6 (0.75%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.63%) Photoshop
7 4 (0.50%) GIMP
8 3 (0.38%) Windchill
9 1 (0.13%) Doxygen
9 1 (0.13%) Mingle
9 1 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 11 (1.38%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (1.00%) SAP IS-U
3 7 (0.88%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 5 (0.63%) SAP CRM
4 5 (0.63%) SAP ERP
4 5 (0.63%) SAP Hybris
5 4 (0.50%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 4 (0.50%) SAP BPC
6 3 (0.38%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.25%) Actimize
7 2 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.25%) Oracle Financials
7 2 (0.25%) Oracle Retail
7 2 (0.25%) PeopleSoft Financials
7 2 (0.25%) Temenos T24
8 1 (0.13%) Magento
8 1 (0.13%) Maximo
8 1 (0.13%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 92 (11.50%) Microsoft Azure
2 84 (10.50%) Amazon AWS
3 21 (2.63%) SaaS
4 13 (1.63%) Dynamics 365
5 12 (1.50%) Apigee
5 12 (1.50%) Cloud Computing
6 10 (1.25%) Office 365
7 9 (1.13%) PaaS
8 8 (1.00%) IaaS
9 7 (0.88%) Boomi
10 5 (0.63%) AWS CloudFormation
10 5 (0.63%) iPaaS
10 5 (0.63%) Serverless
11 4 (0.50%) Google Cloud Platform
11 4 (0.50%) npm
12 2 (0.25%) AWS Lambda
12 2 (0.25%) GitHub
12 2 (0.25%) IBM Blueworks
12 2 (0.25%) OpenShift
12 2 (0.25%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 24 (3.00%) Wireshark
2 22 (2.75%) SNMP
3 20 (2.50%) AMQP
4 14 (1.75%) TCP/IP
5 10 (1.25%) Firewall
5 10 (1.25%) Internet
6 9 (1.13%) Reverse Proxy
7 8 (1.00%) Ethernet
8 7 (0.88%) Kerberos
8 7 (0.88%) Remote Desktop
8 7 (0.88%) SAN
9 6 (0.75%) MVNO
10 5 (0.63%) Wi-Fi
11 4 (0.50%) DVB
11 4 (0.50%) HTTP
11 4 (0.50%) VoIP
12 3 (0.38%) DLNA
12 3 (0.38%) UPnP
13 2 (0.25%) Network Security
13 2 (0.25%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 97 (12.13%) SQL Server
2 76 (9.50%) Relational Database
3 54 (6.75%) MySQL
4 49 (6.13%) MongoDB
5 34 (4.25%) NoSQL
6 33 (4.13%) RDBMS
7 31 (3.88%) Data Warehouse
8 26 (3.25%) Oracle Database
9 24 (3.00%) PostgreSQL
10 19 (2.38%) Hadoop
11 18 (2.25%) Oracle Database 11g
12 13 (1.63%) GIS
13 12 (1.50%) Big Data
14 11 (1.38%) Redis
14 11 (1.38%) Riak
15 9 (1.13%) Couchbase
16 8 (1.00%) Geospatial Data
17 7 (0.88%) EDRMS
17 7 (0.88%) SQL Server 2012
18 6 (0.75%) Impala
Development Applications
1 83 (10.38%) Git (software)
2 79 (9.88%) Maven
3 70 (8.75%) JIRA
4 64 (8.00%) Eclipse
5 60 (7.50%) Subversion
6 58 (7.25%) Jenkins
7 57 (7.13%) JUnit
8 46 (5.75%) Selenium
9 43 (5.38%) Visual Studio
10 42 (5.25%) Rational DOORS
11 33 (4.13%) Rational Rhapsody
12 28 (3.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 27 (3.38%) GDB
14 23 (2.88%) Rational Rose
14 23 (2.88%) SoapUI
15 22 (2.75%) JMeter
16 20 (2.50%) Team Foundation Server
17 19 (2.38%) Cucumber
17 19 (2.38%) FishEye
17 19 (2.38%) NeoLoad
General
1 140 (17.50%) Finance
2 74 (9.25%) Banking
3 36 (4.50%) Investment Banking
4 34 (4.25%) Retail
5 21 (2.63%) Front Office
6 18 (2.25%) Telecoms
7 16 (2.00%) Electronics
8 14 (1.75%) Law
9 11 (1.38%) Advertising
9 11 (1.38%) Manufacturing
10 9 (1.13%) Avionics
10 9 (1.13%) Marketing
11 6 (0.75%) Pharmaceutical
12 5 (0.63%) Billing
12 5 (0.63%) Legal
12 5 (0.63%) Military
13 4 (0.50%) Aerospace
13 4 (0.50%) Automotive
13 4 (0.50%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.38%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 211 (26.38%) Analyst
2 210 (26.25%) Developer
3 188 (23.50%) Business Analyst
4 183 (22.88%) Architect
5 124 (15.50%) Software Engineer
6 121 (15.13%) Java Developer
7 96 (12.00%) Solutions Architect
8 42 (5.25%) Senior Developer
9 35 (4.38%) Technical Architect
10 27 (3.38%) Embedded Engineer
11 26 (3.25%) Embedded Software Engineer
12 25 (3.13%) .NET Developer
12 25 (3.13%) C++ Software Engineer
12 25 (3.13%) Senior Software Engineer
13 24 (3.00%) Software Developer
14 23 (2.88%) Senior Java Developer
15 22 (2.75%) Java Architect
16 19 (2.38%) Data Architect
17 18 (2.25%) IT Analyst
18 17 (2.13%) IT Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 131 (16.38%) Spring
2 126 (15.75%) Web Services
3 100 (12.50%) Hibernate
4 97 (12.13%) HTML
4 97 (12.13%) XML
5 96 (12.00%) REST
6 86 (10.75%) .NET
7 73 (9.13%) CSS
8 70 (8.75%) JMS
9 58 (7.25%) JPA
10 56 (7.00%) JSON
11 49 (6.13%) AngularJS
12 48 (6.00%) ASP.NET
12 48 (6.00%) Middleware
13 40 (5.00%) ActiveMQ
14 39 (4.88%) Java EE
15 35 (4.38%) JSP
16 33 (4.13%) XSLT
17 32 (4.00%) .NET Framework
17 32 (4.00%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 83 (10.38%) Analytical Skills
2 29 (3.63%) User Experience
3 24 (3.00%) Computer Science
4 23 (2.88%) Self-Motivation
5 20 (2.50%) Fixed Income
6 16 (2.00%) Management Information System
7 15 (1.88%) Equities
8 14 (1.75%) DataPower
8 14 (1.75%) Enterprise Software
8 14 (1.75%) Taxonomies
9 12 (1.50%) Derivative
9 12 (1.50%) Embedded Systems
9 12 (1.50%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
10 11 (1.38%) Fintech
11 10 (1.25%) Algorithms
11 10 (1.25%) Mobile App
12 8 (1.00%) N-Tier
13 7 (0.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 7 (0.88%) Greenfield Project
13 7 (0.88%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 106 (13.25%) Linux
2 64 (8.00%) Unix
3 52 (6.50%) Windows
4 12 (1.50%) VxWorks
5 7 (0.88%) AIX
5 7 (0.88%) Android
6 5 (0.63%) Apple iOS
6 5 (0.63%) FreeRTOS
7 3 (0.38%) Embedded Linux
8 2 (0.25%) MVS
8 2 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.13%) CentOS
9 1 (0.13%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 382 (47.75%) Agile Software Development
2 183 (22.88%) Software Engineering
3 137 (17.13%) OO
4 117 (14.63%) TDD
5 109 (13.63%) Use Case
6 105 (13.13%) Microservices
7 101 (12.63%) Data Modelling
8 100 (12.50%) BPMN
9 97 (12.13%) BDD
10 95 (11.88%) SDLC
11 91 (11.38%) Scrum
12 89 (11.13%) Business Analysis
13 78 (9.75%) TOGAF
14 73 (9.13%) Problem-Solving
15 68 (8.50%) User Stories
16 65 (8.13%) Continuous Integration
17 64 (8.00%) SOA
18 63 (7.88%) Business Process Modelling
19 62 (7.75%) Waterfall
20 56 (7.00%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 248 (31.00%) Java
2 130 (16.25%) SQL
3 129 (16.13%) C++
4 116 (14.50%) JavaScript
5 92 (11.50%) C#
6 82 (10.25%) C
7 49 (6.13%) Python
8 45 (5.63%) PL/SQL
9 27 (3.38%) Ada
10 21 (2.63%) Embedded C++
10 21 (2.63%) T-SQL
11 18 (2.25%) MATLAB
12 16 (2.00%) Embedded C
13 12 (1.50%) PowerShell
14 11 (1.38%) Bash Shell
14 11 (1.38%) Java 8
15 9 (1.13%) Ada 95
15 9 (1.13%) Ruby
16 8 (1.00%) Perl
16 8 (1.00%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 134 (16.75%) Security Cleared
2 114 (14.25%) SC Cleared
3 64 (8.00%) Degree
4 24 (3.00%) ISEB
5 9 (1.13%) BPSS Clearance
6 8 (1.00%) DV Cleared
7 6 (0.75%) Computer Science Degree
8 5 (0.63%) IIBA
9 4 (0.50%) ACCA
9 4 (0.50%) CIMA
10 3 (0.38%) ISEB Practitioner
10 3 (0.38%) PhD
10 3 (0.38%) TOGAF Certification
11 2 (0.25%) CISSP
11 2 (0.25%) PMI Certification
12 1 (0.13%) CISA
12 1 (0.13%) HNC
12 1 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.13%) MBA
12 1 (0.13%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (6.38%) QA
2 10 (1.25%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.75%) GDPR
4 5 (0.63%) ISO 20022
5 4 (0.50%) MISRA
6 3 (0.38%) DO-178B
7 2 (0.25%) COBIT
7 2 (0.25%) ECSS
7 2 (0.25%) HL7
7 2 (0.25%) IEC 61508
7 2 (0.25%) IEC 62304
7 2 (0.25%) ISO 13485
7 2 (0.25%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.25%) SLA
8 1 (0.13%) DICOM
8 1 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.13%) MIL-STD-1553
8 1 (0.13%) MIL-STD-498
8 1 (0.13%) MISRA C
8 1 (0.13%) TickIT
System Software
1 36 (4.50%) Docker
2 12 (1.50%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.63%) Firmware
3 5 (0.63%) HDFS
4 3 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.25%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.25%) Xen
Systems Management
1 23 (2.88%) Kubernetes
2 18 (2.25%) Kibana
2 18 (2.25%) logstash
3 11 (1.38%) Ansible
3 11 (1.38%) Opscode Chef
4 10 (1.25%) Puppet
5 9 (1.13%) Cobbler
6 5 (0.63%) HP Quality Center
7 4 (0.50%) HP ALM
8 3 (0.38%) Terraform
9 2 (0.25%) SELinux
10 1 (0.13%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.13%) Mesos
10 1 (0.13%) SCCM
10 1 (0.13%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 97 (12.13%) Microsoft
1 97 (12.13%) Oracle
2 38 (4.75%) IBM
3 30 (3.75%) Google
4 28 (3.50%) SAP
5 27 (3.38%) Sybase
6 19 (2.38%) Atlassian
7 18 (2.25%) Murex
8 16 (2.00%) TIBCO
9 13 (1.63%) Informatica
10 9 (1.13%) AppDynamics
10 9 (1.13%) Citrix
11 8 (1.00%) Cisco
12 7 (0.88%) Dell
13 6 (0.75%) Pega
13 6 (0.75%) VMware
14 5 (0.63%) Freescale
14 5 (0.63%) hybris
14 5 (0.63%) PTC
14 5 (0.63%) Tableau