Period
to 17 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for B2C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited B2C over the 6 months to 17 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

B2C (Business-to-Consumer)
UK
6 months to
17 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 509 586 594
Rank change year-on-year +77 +8 -28
Contract jobs citing B2C 408 315 315
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.40% 0.31% 0.30%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.46% 0.36% 0.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 250 191 222
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £338 £325 £195
90th Percentile £650 £625 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +14.29% +2.94% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 12 9
UK median hourly rate £33.08 £25.63 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +29.09% -28.82% -5.48%
10th Percentile £31.58 £16.76 £24.80
90th Percentile £34.58 £39.98 £42.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.08 £34.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year -4.12% -4.17% -1.83%

B2C is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 89,041 88,174 90,299
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.35% 85.75% 85.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,899 58,617 59,550
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £277 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,305 2,116 2,483
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.14 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.93% +2.84% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.75 £49.75 £48.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.18 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -11.75% +6.67% -

B2C
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing B2C as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for B2C in the UK

B2C
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing B2C.

Contractor daily rate trend for B2C in the UK

B2C
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing B2C over the 6 months to 17 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for B2C in the UK

B2C
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing B2C.

Contractor hourly rate trend for B2C in the UK

B2C
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing B2C within the UK over the 6 months to 17 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +53 383 £488 +8.33% 152
London +62 223 £488 +4.00% 94
UK excluding London +16 165 £500 +14.29% 63
South East -4 71 £475 +5.56% 11
North of England -16 26 £500 +17.65% 21
Midlands -30 24 £500 +17.65% 9
North West +13 23 £500 - 10
South West -15 20 £463 +6.32% 12
East of England +7 18 £510 +13.33% 5
West Midlands -18 16 £463 +15.63% 5
East Midlands -7 7 £513 +20.59% 4
Scotland -1 4 £525 - 2
North East -3 2 £265 -47.00% 3
Yorkshire -21 2 £265 -37.46% 8
Wales -16 1 £375 +7.14% 3
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 17 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing B2C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for B2C.

1 199 (48.77%) B2B
2 191 (46.81%) Agile Software Development
3 131 (32.11%) E-Commerce
4 114 (27.94%) Retail
5 97 (23.77%) Java
6 89 (21.81%) JavaScript
7 85 (20.83%) Scrum
8 79 (19.36%) HTML
9 78 (19.12%) Finance
10 75 (18.38%) CSS
11 68 (16.67%) User Experience
12 61 (14.95%) Git (software)
13 60 (14.71%) Microsoft Azure
14 56 (13.73%) OO
15 55 (13.48%) Analytical Skills
16 54 (13.24%) Marketing
17 52 (12.75%) HTML5
17 52 (12.75%) MVC
17 52 (12.75%) TDD
18 51 (12.50%) Microservices
19 48 (11.76%) Stakeholder Management
20 46 (11.27%) Unix
20 46 (11.27%) J2EE
21 45 (11.03%) CRM
21 45 (11.03%) REST
22 44 (10.78%) Spring
23 42 (10.29%) hybris
24 41 (10.05%) CSS3
24 41 (10.05%) Relational Database
25 38 (9.31%) AngularJS

B2C
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (7.60%) WebSphere
2 18 (4.41%) Commerce Server
3 13 (3.19%) CMS
4 12 (2.94%) Apache Qpid
4 12 (2.94%) Drupal
5 11 (2.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 9 (2.21%) Mule
7 7 (1.72%) Apache
8 4 (0.98%) JBoss
8 4 (0.98%) Tomcat
8 4 (0.98%) WebSphere Application Server
9 3 (0.74%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 3 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
9 3 (0.74%) Confluence
9 3 (0.74%) Elasticsearch
9 3 (0.74%) IIS
10 2 (0.49%) IBM Connections
10 2 (0.49%) Jupyter
11 1 (0.25%) Sitecore CMS
11 1 (0.25%) WordPress
Applications
1 9 (2.21%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.98%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.49%) Adobe Illustrator
3 2 (0.49%) InDesign
3 2 (0.49%) InVision
3 2 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.49%) UXPin
4 1 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.25%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.25%) Flinto
4 1 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.25%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 15 (3.68%) SAP Hybris
2 14 (3.43%) Magento
3 3 (0.74%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.49%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.49%) Unica
5 1 (0.25%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.25%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.25%) nopCommerce
5 1 (0.25%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.25%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.25%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 60 (14.71%) Microsoft Azure
2 29 (7.11%) Azure Active Directory
3 19 (4.66%) Amazon AWS
4 17 (4.17%) Apigee
5 13 (3.19%) SaaS
6 10 (2.45%) Akamai
6 10 (2.45%) IaaS
6 10 (2.45%) Office 365
7 9 (2.21%) Amazon EC2
7 9 (2.21%) Amazon SQS
7 9 (2.21%) Google Analytics
8 6 (1.47%) PaaS
9 4 (0.98%) Cloudflare
9 4 (0.98%) GitHub
10 3 (0.74%) AdWords
10 3 (0.74%) G Suite
11 2 (0.49%) Adobe Creative Cloud
11 2 (0.49%) Apple Pay
11 2 (0.49%) Samsung Pay
11 2 (0.49%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 34 (8.33%) HTTP
2 19 (4.66%) SSL
3 16 (3.92%) TCP/IP
4 14 (3.43%) Firewall
4 14 (3.43%) Internet
5 12 (2.94%) Kerberos
6 5 (1.23%) Broadband
6 5 (1.23%) WAN
6 5 (1.23%) X.509
7 4 (0.98%) DNS
8 3 (0.74%) LAN
8 3 (0.74%) SNMP
8 3 (0.74%) Wireless
9 2 (0.49%) Ethernet
9 2 (0.49%) MVNO
9 2 (0.49%) SMS
10 1 (0.25%) Cisco Nexus
10 1 (0.25%) Cisco Wireless
10 1 (0.25%) SMTP
10 1 (0.25%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (10.05%) Relational Database
2 23 (5.64%) SQL Server
3 16 (3.92%) PostgreSQL
4 14 (3.43%) MySQL
5 9 (2.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 8 (1.96%) Azure SQL Database
6 8 (1.96%) NoSQL
6 8 (1.96%) Oracle Database
7 7 (1.72%) RDBMS
7 7 (1.72%) SQL Server 2016
8 5 (1.23%) Hadoop
9 4 (0.98%) DB2
10 2 (0.49%) Data Warehouse
10 2 (0.49%) MongoDB
10 2 (0.49%) Redis
11 1 (0.25%) Cosmos DB
11 1 (0.25%) DbVisualizer
11 1 (0.25%) SQL Server 2008
11 1 (0.25%) SQL Server 2014
11 1 (0.25%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 61 (14.95%) Git (software)
2 33 (8.09%) JIRA
3 26 (6.37%) Jenkins
4 20 (4.90%) Selenium
5 14 (3.43%) Axure RP
5 14 (3.43%) Cucumber
5 14 (3.43%) Visual Studio
6 10 (2.45%) JUnit
7 9 (2.21%) Maven
8 7 (1.72%) Eclipse
8 7 (1.72%) Karma Test Runner
8 7 (1.72%) Subversion
8 7 (1.72%) Visual Studio Team System
9 6 (1.47%) Ant
9 6 (1.47%) Gradle
10 4 (0.98%) Bitbucket
10 4 (0.98%) Cobertura
10 4 (0.98%) TeamCity
11 2 (0.49%) git-flow
11 2 (0.49%) Grunt
General
1 114 (27.94%) Retail
2 78 (19.12%) Finance
3 54 (13.24%) Marketing
4 34 (8.33%) Telecoms
5 11 (2.70%) Banking
6 9 (2.21%) Advertising
6 9 (2.21%) Electronics
7 8 (1.96%) Legal
8 7 (1.72%) Back Office
8 7 (1.72%) German Language
9 6 (1.47%) Automotive
10 3 (0.74%) Italian Language
10 3 (0.74%) Publishing
11 2 (0.49%) Brand Awareness
11 2 (0.49%) Games
11 2 (0.49%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.25%) French Language
12 1 (0.25%) Law
12 1 (0.25%) Mandarin Language
12 1 (0.25%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 114 (27.94%) Developer
2 61 (14.95%) Architect
3 35 (8.58%) Project Manager
4 27 (6.62%) Analyst
5 24 (5.88%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 22 (5.39%) Business Analyst
6 22 (5.39%) Designer
6 22 (5.39%) Java Developer
7 18 (4.41%) Product Owner
8 17 (4.17%) Azure Developer
8 17 (4.17%) Senior Developer
9 16 (3.92%) .NET Developer
10 15 (3.68%) Angular Developer
11 14 (3.43%) Hybris Architect
11 14 (3.43%) Product Manager
11 14 (3.43%) Senior Manager
11 14 (3.43%) Technical Architect
12 13 (3.19%) Consultant
13 12 (2.94%) Digital Project Manager
13 12 (2.94%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (19.36%) HTML
2 75 (18.38%) CSS
3 52 (12.75%) HTML5
4 46 (11.27%) J2EE
5 45 (11.03%) REST
6 44 (10.78%) Spring
7 41 (10.05%) CSS3
8 38 (9.31%) AngularJS
9 37 (9.07%) Web Services
10 31 (7.60%) .NET
11 30 (7.35%) OAuth
12 20 (4.90%) JSON
12 20 (4.90%) Node.js
13 19 (4.66%) DOM
13 19 (4.66%) RESTful
13 19 (4.66%) SOAP
14 18 (4.41%) React
14 18 (4.41%) Spring Boot
15 17 (4.17%) OAuth2
15 17 (4.17%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 68 (16.67%) User Experience
2 55 (13.48%) Analytical Skills
3 31 (7.60%) Mobile App
4 20 (4.90%) Data Centre
5 18 (4.41%) iPad
6 16 (3.92%) Computer Science
7 15 (3.68%) Greenfield Project
8 14 (3.43%) Self-Motivation
9 13 (3.19%) PKI
10 12 (2.94%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 11 (2.70%) Social Media
12 8 (1.96%) Digital TV
12 8 (1.96%) STB
12 8 (1.96%) Virtual Team
13 7 (1.72%) Enterprise Software
13 7 (1.72%) FMCG
13 7 (1.72%) Video on Demand
14 5 (1.23%) Cyberthreat
14 5 (1.23%) iPhone
14 5 (1.23%) Smart Home
Operating Systems
1 46 (11.27%) Unix
2 30 (7.35%) Linux
3 15 (3.68%) Android
3 15 (3.68%) Windows
4 8 (1.96%) Apple iOS
5 3 (0.74%) Solaris
6 1 (0.25%) Windows Server 2003
6 1 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
6 1 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 199 (48.77%) B2B
2 191 (46.81%) Agile Software Development
3 131 (32.11%) E-Commerce
4 85 (20.83%) Scrum
5 56 (13.73%) OO
6 52 (12.75%) MVC
6 52 (12.75%) TDD
7 51 (12.50%) Microservices
8 48 (11.76%) Stakeholder Management
9 45 (11.03%) CRM
10 37 (9.07%) Problem-Solving
11 36 (8.82%) Analytics
12 35 (8.58%) DevOps
13 34 (8.33%) User Stories
14 32 (7.84%) OOP
15 31 (7.60%) Validation
16 30 (7.35%) Project Management
16 30 (7.35%) Test Automation
17 28 (6.86%) Waterfall
18 27 (6.62%) API Design
Programming Languages
1 97 (23.77%) Java
2 89 (21.81%) JavaScript
3 27 (6.62%) SQL
4 26 (6.37%) Python
5 18 (4.41%) C#
6 17 (4.17%) Java 8
7 13 (3.19%) Perl
8 5 (1.23%) Apple Swift
8 5 (1.23%) Kotlin
8 5 (1.23%) Objective-C
8 5 (1.23%) PowerShell
9 4 (0.98%) PHP
10 3 (0.74%) Bash Shell
11 2 (0.49%) C
11 2 (0.49%) Clojure
11 2 (0.49%) ES6
11 2 (0.49%) T-SQL
12 1 (0.25%) R
12 1 (0.25%) TypeScript
12 1 (0.25%) VB
Qualifications
1 26 (6.37%) Degree
2 11 (2.70%) Computer Science Degree
3 7 (1.72%) CISM
3 7 (1.72%) CISSP
4 6 (1.47%) Microsoft Certification
5 4 (0.98%) (ISC)2 CCSP
5 4 (0.98%) Cisco Certification
5 4 (0.98%) GSEC
5 4 (0.98%) MCSA
5 4 (0.98%) MCSE
5 4 (0.98%) PRINCE2 Certification
6 3 (0.74%) CISA
6 3 (0.74%) ISEB
6 3 (0.74%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.49%) MCITP
7 2 (0.49%) MCTS
7 2 (0.49%) PMI Certification
8 1 (0.25%) PgMP
8 1 (0.25%) PMP
8 1 (0.25%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.70%) QA
2 3 (0.74%) PMO
3 1 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.25%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 33 (8.09%) Docker
2 31 (7.60%) Active Directory
3 12 (2.94%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 4 (0.98%) Firmware
5 3 (0.74%) Hyper-V
5 3 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.25%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.25%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 22 (5.39%) Kubernetes
2 12 (2.94%) Single Sign-On
3 10 (2.45%) Ansible
3 10 (2.45%) Opscode Chef
3 10 (2.45%) Puppet
4 4 (0.98%) CASB
4 4 (0.98%) Forefront Identity Manager
4 4 (0.98%) Mesos
5 1 (0.25%) Business Desktop Deployment
5 1 (0.25%) OpenSSO
Vendors
1 42 (10.29%) hybris
2 32 (7.84%) Microsoft
3 24 (5.88%) Google
4 22 (5.39%) SAP
5 21 (5.15%) Oracle
6 18 (4.41%) Salesforce.com
7 17 (4.17%) Demandware
8 8 (1.96%) Adobe
8 8 (1.96%) ATG
9 7 (1.72%) Facebook
10 6 (1.47%) Veracode
11 5 (1.23%) IBM
11 5 (1.23%) Splunk
12 4 (0.98%) ServiceNow
13 3 (0.74%) CA Agile Central
13 3 (0.74%) Cisco
13 3 (0.74%) Citrix
13 3 (0.74%) Perforce
13 3 (0.74%) Prolexic
13 3 (0.74%) TIBCO