Period
to 23 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for B2C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited B2C over the 6 months to 23 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

B2C (Business-to-Consumer)
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 467 586 602
Rank change year-on-year +119 +16 -45
Contract jobs citing B2C 464 305 264
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.47% 0.30% 0.27%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.54% 0.35% 0.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 267 203 174
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -4.23%
10th Percentile £325 £314 £200
90th Percentile £700 £637 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £425 £350
% change year-on-year +17.65% +21.43% -12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 8 10
UK median hourly rate £34.04 £18.13 £34.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +87.81% -47.08% -10.08%
10th Percentile £20.50 £15.24 £26.40
90th Percentile £37.63 £38.53 £41.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.04 £25.50 £34.25
% change year-on-year +33.49% -25.55% -6.60%

B2C is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,680 86,349 81,857
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.99% 85.86% 85.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,254 57,715 54,090
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £408 £400
% change year-on-year +4.29% +1.88% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,200 2,055 2,375
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £23.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.17% - -2.13%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.06
90th Percentile £50.00 £49.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -6.25% +6.67% -10.00%

B2C
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing B2C as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for B2C in the UK

B2C
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing B2C.

Contractor daily rate trend for B2C in the UK

B2C
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing B2C over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for B2C in the UK

B2C
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing B2C.

Contractor hourly rate trend for B2C in the UK

B2C
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing B2C over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for B2C in the UK

B2C
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing B2C within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +120 449 £500 +11.11% 148
UK excluding London +92 233 £500 +17.65% 81
London +59 221 £480 +6.67% 69
South East +48 92 £450 +13.92% 17
South West -5 56 £625 +47.06% 24
North of England +19 45 £575 +35.69% 17
North West - 34 £600 - 8
Midlands -2 24 £513 +17.14% 14
West Midlands -16 13 £515 +47.14% 6
East of England +1 12 £375 -21.05% 7
Yorkshire -18 10 £413 -2.65% 8
East Midlands -7 8 £513 +13.89% 8
Scotland +2 4 £625 - 1
North East - 2 £265 - 1
Wales - 1 £375 -
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 23 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing B2C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for B2C.

1 231 (49.78%) Agile Software Development
2 209 (45.04%) B2B
3 139 (29.96%) E-Commerce
4 116 (25.00%) Retail
5 108 (23.28%) Microsoft Azure
6 104 (22.41%) Java
7 89 (19.18%) Finance
8 88 (18.97%) JavaScript
8 88 (18.97%) HTML
9 81 (17.46%) Scrum
10 80 (17.24%) CRM
11 79 (17.03%) CSS
12 77 (16.59%) Marketing
13 69 (14.87%) DevOps
14 66 (14.22%) Analytical Skills
15 65 (14.01%) Microsoft
16 62 (13.36%) User Experience
17 61 (13.15%) OO
18 58 (12.50%) SQL
18 58 (12.50%) Git (software)
19 55 (11.85%) TDD
20 52 (11.21%) HTML5
21 51 (10.99%) MVC
21 51 (10.99%) Unix
22 48 (10.34%) JSON
22 48 (10.34%) Continuous Integration
22 48 (10.34%) Azure Active Directory
23 47 (10.13%) Microservices
24 46 (9.91%) Analytics
24 46 (9.91%) CSS3

B2C
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (6.03%) WebSphere
2 21 (4.53%) CMS
2 21 (4.53%) Drupal
3 18 (3.88%) Commerce Server
4 15 (3.23%) Apache Qpid
5 10 (2.16%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 9 (1.94%) Mule
6 9 (1.94%) SharePoint
7 5 (1.08%) IIS
7 5 (1.08%) Marvel
8 4 (0.86%) WebSphere Application Server
9 3 (0.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 3 (0.65%) Apache
9 3 (0.65%) Cloud Foundry
9 3 (0.65%) JBoss
9 3 (0.65%) Jupyter
9 3 (0.65%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.43%) Apache Spark
10 2 (0.43%) Elasticsearch
10 2 (0.43%) SAS
Applications
1 11 (2.37%) MS Visio
2 10 (2.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 10 (2.16%) Photoshop
3 7 (1.51%) InVision
3 7 (1.51%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (1.08%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.43%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (0.43%) UXPin
6 1 (0.22%) Adobe After Effects
6 1 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.22%) Adobe Premiere
6 1 (0.22%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.22%) Flinto
6 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.22%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 16 (3.45%) SAP Hybris
2 15 (3.23%) Magento
3 14 (3.02%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (1.29%) Oracle CRM
4 6 (1.29%) Oracle CRM On Demand
5 3 (0.65%) Unica
6 2 (0.43%) Dynamics NAV
6 2 (0.43%) nopCommerce
6 2 (0.43%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.22%) Adobe Campaign
7 1 (0.22%) Eloqua
7 1 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.22%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.22%) SDL Web 8
7 1 (0.22%) Shopify
7 1 (0.22%) Social Studio
Cloud Services
1 108 (23.28%) Microsoft Azure
2 48 (10.34%) Azure Active Directory
3 40 (8.62%) Boomi
4 29 (6.25%) SaaS
5 25 (5.39%) IaaS
6 24 (5.17%) PaaS
7 20 (4.31%) Apigee
8 15 (3.23%) Google Analytics
9 11 (2.37%) Amazon AWS
10 10 (2.16%) Dynamics 365
11 8 (1.72%) iPaaS
12 7 (1.51%) Office 365
12 7 (1.51%) Serverless
13 6 (1.29%) Amazon EC2
13 6 (1.29%) Amazon SQS
13 6 (1.29%) Azure Functions
14 4 (0.86%) Akamai
14 4 (0.86%) Cloudflare
14 4 (0.86%) GitHub
15 3 (0.65%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 34 (7.33%) HTTP
2 19 (4.09%) SSL
2 19 (4.09%) TCP/IP
3 15 (3.23%) Kerberos
4 3 (0.65%) Broadband
4 3 (0.65%) Internet
4 3 (0.65%) LAN
4 3 (0.65%) WAN
5 2 (0.43%) Ethernet
5 2 (0.43%) Firewall
5 2 (0.43%) MVNO
5 2 (0.43%) SNMP
5 2 (0.43%) Wireless
5 2 (0.43%) ZigBee
6 1 (0.22%) Extranet
6 1 (0.22%) Intranet
6 1 (0.22%) NAS
6 1 (0.22%) SAN
6 1 (0.22%) SMS
6 1 (0.22%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (9.05%) Relational Database
2 32 (6.90%) SQL Server
3 22 (4.74%) PostgreSQL
4 16 (3.45%) MySQL
5 10 (2.16%) NoSQL
6 9 (1.94%) Azure SQL Database
7 7 (1.51%) Oracle Database
7 7 (1.51%) RDBMS
8 6 (1.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 6 (1.29%) DB2
9 5 (1.08%) Data Warehouse
10 4 (0.86%) MongoDB
11 3 (0.65%) Apache Cassandra
11 3 (0.65%) SQL Server 2016
12 2 (0.43%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
12 2 (0.43%) Big Data
12 2 (0.43%) BusinessObjects Business Intelligence
12 2 (0.43%) Power BI
12 2 (0.43%) Redis
12 2 (0.43%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 58 (12.50%) Git (software)
2 31 (6.68%) Jenkins
3 29 (6.25%) JIRA
4 23 (4.96%) Selenium
5 16 (3.45%) Visual Studio
6 14 (3.02%) Cucumber
6 14 (3.02%) Visual Studio Team System
7 13 (2.80%) Axure RP
8 10 (2.16%) JUnit
9 7 (1.51%) Eclipse
9 7 (1.51%) Karma Test Runner
9 7 (1.51%) Maven
10 6 (1.29%) Ant
10 6 (1.29%) Gradle
11 5 (1.08%) Bitbucket
12 4 (0.86%) Cobertura
12 4 (0.86%) Subversion
12 4 (0.86%) TeamCity
13 3 (0.65%) SonarQube
14 2 (0.43%) git-flow
General
1 116 (25.00%) Retail
2 89 (19.18%) Finance
3 77 (16.59%) Marketing
4 36 (7.76%) Telecoms
5 13 (2.80%) Advertising
5 13 (2.80%) Electronics
6 9 (1.94%) Automotive
6 9 (1.94%) German Language
7 8 (1.72%) Banking
8 7 (1.51%) Legal
9 5 (1.08%) Manufacturing
9 5 (1.08%) Pharmaceutical
9 5 (1.08%) Publishing
10 4 (0.86%) Back Office
11 2 (0.43%) Brand Awareness
11 2 (0.43%) French Language
11 2 (0.43%) Law
12 1 (0.22%) Italian Language
12 1 (0.22%) Mandarin Language
12 1 (0.22%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 124 (26.72%) Developer
2 112 (24.14%) Architect
3 49 (10.56%) Technical Architect
4 39 (8.41%) Analyst
5 30 (6.47%) Project Manager
6 28 (6.03%) Lead Architect
7 27 (5.82%) Business Analyst
8 26 (5.60%) Java Developer
9 25 (5.39%) Azure Developer
9 25 (5.39%) Technical Leader
10 21 (4.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 21 (4.53%) Solutions Architect
11 19 (4.09%) Designer
12 18 (3.88%) Consultant
13 17 (3.66%) .NET Developer
13 17 (3.66%) Senior Architect
14 16 (3.45%) Product Owner
15 15 (3.23%) Senior Developer
15 15 (3.23%) Senior Technical Architect
16 14 (3.02%) Azure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 88 (18.97%) HTML
2 79 (17.03%) CSS
3 52 (11.21%) HTML5
4 48 (10.34%) JSON
5 46 (9.91%) CSS3
6 42 (9.05%) Web Services
7 40 (8.62%) .NET
8 39 (8.41%) J2EE
9 38 (8.19%) AngularJS
10 33 (7.11%) Spring
11 32 (6.90%) REST
11 32 (6.90%) XML
12 29 (6.25%) OAuth
13 27 (5.82%) RESTful
14 24 (5.17%) Node.js
15 20 (4.31%) React
16 18 (3.88%) OAuth2
17 17 (3.66%) Ajax
17 17 (3.66%) jQuery
18 16 (3.45%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 66 (14.22%) Analytical Skills
2 62 (13.36%) User Experience
3 35 (7.54%) Mobile App
4 27 (5.82%) iPad
5 20 (4.31%) Data Centre
6 18 (3.88%) Self-Motivation
7 12 (2.59%) Social Media
8 11 (2.37%) Greenfield Project
9 10 (2.16%) Virtual Team
10 7 (1.51%) Fintech
11 6 (1.29%) Smart Meter
12 5 (1.08%) Animation
12 5 (1.08%) Derivative
12 5 (1.08%) Fixed Income
12 5 (1.08%) iPhone
12 5 (1.08%) Marketing Technology
12 5 (1.08%) PKI
12 5 (1.08%) Smart Home
12 5 (1.08%) Smartphone
13 4 (0.86%) FMCG
Operating Systems
1 51 (10.99%) Unix
2 32 (6.90%) Linux
3 12 (2.59%) Android
4 10 (2.16%) Windows
5 9 (1.94%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.43%) Solaris
7 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2003
7 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 231 (49.78%) Agile Software Development
2 209 (45.04%) B2B
3 139 (29.96%) E-Commerce
4 81 (17.46%) Scrum
5 80 (17.24%) CRM
6 69 (14.87%) DevOps
7 61 (13.15%) OO
8 55 (11.85%) TDD
9 51 (10.99%) MVC
10 48 (10.34%) Continuous Integration
11 47 (10.13%) Microservices
12 46 (9.91%) Analytics
13 34 (7.33%) OOP
13 34 (7.33%) User Stories
14 33 (7.11%) Validation
15 30 (6.47%) Stakeholder Management
16 29 (6.25%) Test Automation
17 28 (6.03%) Problem-Solving
18 27 (5.82%) API Design
19 26 (5.60%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 104 (22.41%) Java
2 88 (18.97%) JavaScript
3 58 (12.50%) SQL
4 29 (6.25%) Python
5 26 (5.60%) C#
6 15 (3.23%) Perl
7 12 (2.59%) Java 8
8 10 (2.16%) PHP
9 9 (1.94%) T-SQL
10 5 (1.08%) Apple Swift
10 5 (1.08%) Objective-C
11 4 (0.86%) Kotlin
12 3 (0.65%) C
12 3 (0.65%) PowerShell
13 2 (0.43%) Bash Shell
13 2 (0.43%) R
14 1 (0.22%) C++
14 1 (0.22%) Clojure
14 1 (0.22%) Lua
14 1 (0.22%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 33 (7.11%) Degree
2 19 (4.09%) BPSS Clearance
3 12 (2.59%) Computer Science Degree
4 11 (2.37%) Security Cleared
5 6 (1.29%) PMI Certification
5 6 (1.29%) PMP
6 4 (0.86%) (ISC)2 CCSP
6 4 (0.86%) Cisco Certification
6 4 (0.86%) CISM
6 4 (0.86%) CISSP
6 4 (0.86%) GSEC
6 4 (0.86%) MCSA
6 4 (0.86%) MCSE
6 4 (0.86%) Microsoft Certification
7 3 (0.65%) ISEB
7 3 (0.65%) PRINCE2 Certification
8 2 (0.43%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.22%) MBA
9 1 (0.22%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (3.23%) QA
2 4 (0.86%) SLA
3 3 (0.65%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.43%) COBIT
5 1 (0.22%) PMO
System Software
1 44 (9.48%) Active Directory
2 26 (5.60%) Docker
3 15 (3.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 4 (0.86%) Firmware
5 3 (0.65%) Hyper-V
5 3 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.22%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.22%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 16 (3.45%) Kubernetes
2 9 (1.94%) Single Sign-On
3 6 (1.29%) Ansible
3 6 (1.29%) Opscode Chef
3 6 (1.29%) Puppet
4 4 (0.86%) CASB
4 4 (0.86%) Forefront Identity Manager
5 2 (0.43%) Terraform
6 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Intune
6 1 (0.22%) OpenSSO
Vendors
1 65 (14.01%) Microsoft
2 41 (8.84%) Dell
3 37 (7.97%) hybris
4 31 (6.68%) Google
5 30 (6.47%) Oracle
6 25 (5.39%) SAP
7 22 (4.74%) Salesforce.com
8 19 (4.09%) Demandware
9 11 (2.37%) Adobe
9 11 (2.37%) ATG
9 11 (2.37%) Facebook
10 6 (1.29%) IBM
10 6 (1.29%) Veracode
11 5 (1.08%) DevExpress
11 5 (1.08%) TIBCO
12 4 (0.86%) Sitecore
13 3 (0.65%) Cisco
13 3 (0.65%) Citrix
13 3 (0.65%) VMware
14 2 (0.43%) Pega