Period
to 4 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 4 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
England > London
6 months to
4 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 107 157 166
Rank change year-on-year +50 +9 +9
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 1,662 506 1,184
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.24% 2.28% 2.17%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.40% 2.43% 2.32%
Number of salaries quoted 906 430 1,005
10th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £43,750
25th Percentile £56,250 £50,000 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.54% - +4.00%
75th Percentile £86,250 £80,000 £80,000
90th Percentile £98,750 £91,250 £93,750
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +10.00%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 48,909 20,849 51,122
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.49% 94.07% 93.69%
Number of salaries quoted 32,982 17,745 41,655
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £100,000
England median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in London.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing in London over the 6 months to 4 December 2021.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in London

Unit Testing
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the London region over the 6 months to 4 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +6 166 £70,000 -6.67% 66
West London -29 64 £67,500 +28.57% 27
South London -39 24 £50,000 -16.67% 6
East London -34 2 - - 15
North London -13 1 - -
Unit Testing
England

For the 6 months to 4 December 2021, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 994 (59.81%) Agile Software Development
2 698 (42.00%) JavaScript
3 633 (38.09%) React
4 584 (35.14%) Software Engineering
5 569 (34.24%) SQL
6 551 (33.15%) TDD
7 520 (31.29%) Finance
8 514 (30.93%) AWS
9 507 (30.51%) Git (software)
10 464 (27.92%) Docker
11 460 (27.68%) Java
12 447 (26.90%) C#
13 428 (25.75%) Azure
14 411 (24.73%) .NET
15 407 (24.49%) Node.js
16 390 (23.47%) CSS
17 381 (22.92%) Full Stack Development
18 379 (22.80%) TypeScript
19 377 (22.68%) Social Skills
20 373 (22.44%) HTML
21 363 (21.84%) DevOps
22 360 (21.66%) Kubernetes
23 353 (21.24%) Microservices
24 347 (20.88%) REST
25 340 (20.46%) Test Automation
26 330 (19.86%) Python
27 310 (18.65%) AngularJS
28 303 (18.23%) SQL Server
29 293 (17.63%) GCP
30 276 (16.61%) Continuous Integration

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 89 (5.35%) Elasticsearch
2 70 (4.21%) Confluence
3 33 (1.99%) Apache Spark
4 29 (1.74%) Apache
5 28 (1.68%) nginx
6 27 (1.62%) IIS
7 25 (1.50%) Tomcat
8 24 (1.44%) Apache Solr
9 12 (0.72%) CMS
10 9 (0.54%) Traefik
11 7 (0.42%) Jupyter
12 6 (0.36%) SharePoint
13 5 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 5 (0.30%) Ethereum
13 5 (0.30%) Hyperledger
14 4 (0.24%) NServiceBus
14 4 (0.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 4 (0.24%) Tornado
15 3 (0.18%) Drupal
16 2 (0.12%) Umbraco
Applications
1 31 (1.87%) Sketch
2 21 (1.26%) Figma
3 19 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
4 18 (1.08%) Microsoft Office
5 15 (0.90%) InVision
6 3 (0.18%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 26 (1.56%) Magento
2 22 (1.32%) Shopify
3 20 (1.20%) Payment Gateway
4 9 (0.54%) MetaTrader
5 6 (0.36%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 5 (0.30%) Distributed Ledger
6 5 (0.30%) R3 Corda
7 4 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.24%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.18%) Loan IQ
9 2 (0.12%) FastStats
9 2 (0.12%) FastStats PeopleStage
10 1 (0.060%) Dynamics CRM
10 1 (0.060%) Oracle EBS
10 1 (0.060%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 514 (30.93%) AWS
2 428 (25.75%) Azure
3 293 (17.63%) GCP
4 122 (7.34%) Serverless
5 109 (6.56%) GitHub
6 106 (6.38%) SaaS
7 69 (4.15%) npm
8 58 (3.49%) Amazon SQS
9 49 (2.95%) PaaS
10 44 (2.65%) Slack
11 43 (2.59%) AWS CloudFormation
12 42 (2.53%) Yarn
13 39 (2.35%) Power Platform
14 37 (2.23%) AWS Lambda
14 37 (2.23%) OpenShift
15 36 (2.17%) Amazon ECS
16 32 (1.93%) Amazon EC2
16 32 (1.93%) Cloud Computing
17 31 (1.87%) AWS Step Functions
18 29 (1.74%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 131 (7.88%) HTTP
2 101 (6.08%) Broadband
3 20 (1.20%) MQTT
4 16 (0.96%) SSL
5 10 (0.60%) FTP
6 9 (0.54%) TCP/IP
7 6 (0.36%) RIP
8 5 (0.30%) VoIP
9 3 (0.18%) Firewall
9 3 (0.18%) Internet
10 2 (0.12%) DHCP
10 2 (0.12%) DNS
10 2 (0.12%) Network Security
10 2 (0.12%) SSH
11 1 (0.060%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 303 (18.23%) SQL Server
2 206 (12.39%) PostgreSQL
3 176 (10.59%) Relational Database
4 166 (9.99%) NoSQL
5 132 (7.94%) Redis
6 126 (7.58%) MySQL
7 110 (6.62%) MongoDB
8 98 (5.90%) RDBMS
9 83 (4.99%) Big Data
10 72 (4.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 54 (3.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 49 (2.95%) Hadoop
13 37 (2.23%) Power BI
14 36 (2.17%) Tableau
15 34 (2.05%) Data Warehouse
16 32 (1.93%) Oracle Database
16 32 (1.93%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 30 (1.81%) Azure SQL Database
18 28 (1.68%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 27 (1.62%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 507 (30.51%) Git (software)
2 254 (15.28%) Jenkins
3 165 (9.93%) JIRA
4 157 (9.45%) JUnit
5 129 (7.76%) NUnit
6 125 (7.52%) Cypress.io
7 117 (7.04%) webpack
8 116 (6.98%) Team Foundation Server
9 114 (6.86%) Octopus Deploy
10 106 (6.38%) Moq
11 103 (6.20%) Selenium
12 96 (5.78%) Maven
13 80 (4.81%) Postman
14 75 (4.51%) Mockito
15 59 (3.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 57 (3.43%) Mocha
17 53 (3.19%) JMeter
18 52 (3.13%) gulp
19 45 (2.71%) Jasmine
20 44 (2.65%) git-flow
General
1 520 (31.29%) Finance
2 377 (22.68%) Social Skills
3 150 (9.03%) Banking
4 133 (8.00%) Analytical Skills
5 71 (4.27%) Retail
6 59 (3.55%) Games
7 42 (2.53%) Retail Banking
8 41 (2.47%) Marketing
9 38 (2.29%) Investment Banking
10 37 (2.23%) Financial Institution
11 35 (2.11%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 24 (1.44%) Manufacturing
13 23 (1.38%) Telecoms
14 21 (1.26%) Publishing
15 17 (1.02%) Back Office
15 17 (1.02%) Public Sector
16 15 (0.90%) Electronics
16 15 (0.90%) Pharmaceutical
17 14 (0.84%) Legal
18 12 (0.72%) Law
Job Titles
1 934 (56.20%) Developer
2 296 (17.81%) Software Engineer
3 281 (16.91%) Senior Developer
4 171 (10.29%) React Developer
5 127 (7.64%) Senior Software Engineer
6 122 (7.34%) Java Developer
7 121 (7.28%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 112 (6.74%) Full Stack Developer
9 106 (6.38%) .NET Developer
10 85 (5.11%) C# Developer
11 80 (4.81%) JavaScript Developer
12 63 (3.79%) Software Developer
13 60 (3.61%) Senior React Developer
14 52 (3.13%) Senior Front-End Developer
15 50 (3.01%) Senior Java Developer
16 48 (2.89%) Architect
17 47 (2.83%) Senior JavaScript Developer
18 46 (2.77%) Technical Leader
19 45 (2.71%) C++ Developer
20 44 (2.65%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 633 (38.09%) React
2 411 (24.73%) .NET
3 407 (24.49%) Node.js
4 390 (23.47%) CSS
5 373 (22.44%) HTML
6 347 (20.88%) REST
7 310 (18.65%) AngularJS
8 254 (15.28%) Jest
9 203 (12.21%) Web Services
10 201 (12.09%) Spring
11 200 (12.03%) Kafka
12 197 (11.85%) .NET Core
13 177 (10.65%) Redux
14 163 (9.81%) .NET Framework
15 145 (8.72%) HTML5
16 137 (8.24%) RabbitMQ
17 121 (7.28%) RESTful
18 119 (7.16%) Vue.js
19 118 (7.10%) GraphQL
20 113 (6.80%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 258 (15.52%) User Experience
2 92 (5.54%) Algorithms
3 88 (5.29%) Self-Motivation
4 82 (4.93%) Mobile App
5 74 (4.45%) Legacy Code
6 57 (3.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 54 (3.25%) Embedded Systems
8 53 (3.19%) Enterprise Software
9 52 (3.13%) Data Structures
9 52 (3.13%) Over-the-Top Content
10 42 (2.53%) Social Media
11 41 (2.47%) STB
12 36 (2.17%) Greenfield Project
13 35 (2.11%) Video on Demand
14 32 (1.93%) Cloud Native
14 32 (1.93%) Video\Live Streaming
15 31 (1.87%) Equities
16 26 (1.56%) Management Information System
17 25 (1.50%) Legacy Applications
18 24 (1.44%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 230 (13.84%) Linux
2 194 (11.67%) Android
3 177 (10.65%) Apple iOS
4 141 (8.48%) Windows
5 40 (2.41%) Unix
6 11 (0.66%) Embedded Linux
7 4 (0.24%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.12%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.12%) VMS
9 2 (0.12%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 994 (59.81%) Agile Software Development
2 584 (35.14%) Software Engineering
3 551 (33.15%) TDD
4 381 (22.92%) Full Stack Development
5 363 (21.84%) DevOps
6 353 (21.24%) Microservices
7 340 (20.46%) Test Automation
8 276 (16.61%) Continuous Integration
9 261 (15.70%) Problem-Solving
10 258 (15.52%) Scrum
11 247 (14.86%) OO
12 238 (14.32%) SDLC
13 206 (12.39%) Integration Testing
14 198 (11.91%) Fintech
15 185 (11.13%) Front End Development
16 182 (10.95%) BDD
17 179 (10.77%) Mentoring
18 174 (10.47%) Analytics
19 163 (9.81%) Computer Science
20 153 (9.21%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 698 (42.00%) JavaScript
2 569 (34.24%) SQL
3 460 (27.68%) Java
4 447 (26.90%) C#
5 379 (22.80%) TypeScript
6 330 (19.86%) Python
7 97 (5.84%) Java 8
8 96 (5.78%) ES6
9 95 (5.72%) C++
10 85 (5.11%) Kotlin
11 73 (4.39%) PHP
12 65 (3.91%) PowerShell
13 60 (3.61%) Scala
14 52 (3.13%) Bash Shell
15 46 (2.77%) Apple Swift
16 43 (2.59%) T-SQL
17 42 (2.53%) Java 11
18 40 (2.41%) C
19 37 (2.23%) Go
20 36 (2.17%) Rust
Qualifications
1 152 (9.15%) Degree
2 72 (4.33%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (1.08%) HND
4 7 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
5 5 (0.30%) Master's Degree
5 5 (0.30%) Security Cleared
6 3 (0.18%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 3 (0.18%) SC Cleared
7 2 (0.12%) MCSE
7 2 (0.12%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 1 (0.060%) CCNA
8 1 (0.060%) CCNP
8 1 (0.060%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.060%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 262 (15.76%) QA
2 42 (2.53%) Accessibility
3 26 (1.56%) PSD2
4 16 (0.96%) WCAG
5 14 (0.84%) SLA
6 8 (0.48%) IEC 62304
6 8 (0.48%) ISO 13485
7 6 (0.36%) Data Quality
8 3 (0.18%) GDPR
System Software
1 464 (27.92%) Docker
2 22 (1.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 14 (0.84%) VirtualBox
4 6 (0.36%) Active Directory
5 4 (0.24%) Firmware
6 2 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 360 (21.66%) Kubernetes
2 133 (8.00%) Terraform
3 122 (7.34%) Grafana
4 54 (3.25%) Ansible
5 31 (1.87%) Opsgenie
5 31 (1.87%) Prometheus
6 30 (1.81%) Kibana
7 29 (1.74%) logstash
8 25 (1.50%) Hadoop YARN
9 20 (1.20%) HAProxy
9 20 (1.20%) Opscode Chef
9 20 (1.20%) Pingdom
9 20 (1.20%) ZABBIX
10 17 (1.02%) MIIS
11 14 (0.84%) Docker Swarm
12 13 (0.78%) Bugsnag
13 11 (0.66%) Graphite
13 11 (0.66%) Graylog
14 9 (0.54%) HP Quality Center
14 9 (0.54%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 226 (13.60%) Google
2 186 (11.19%) Microsoft
3 108 (6.50%) Oracle
4 53 (3.19%) Salesforce.com
5 52 (3.13%) Atlassian
6 25 (1.50%) New Relic
6 25 (1.50%) SAP
7 23 (1.38%) Cloudera
7 23 (1.38%) Hortonworks
8 21 (1.26%) Bloomberg
8 21 (1.26%) MuleSoft
9 20 (1.20%) Sun
10 19 (1.14%) Alibaba
10 19 (1.14%) Apple
11 18 (1.08%) Murex
12 17 (1.02%) Red Hat
13 15 (0.90%) IBM
14 14 (0.84%) Spotify
15 13 (0.78%) Talend
16 12 (0.72%) BT