Period
to 18 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 18 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 125 114 136
Rank change year-on-year -11 +22 -4
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 4,111 4,712 4,559
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.68% 2.87% 2.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.95% 3.14% 2.77%
Number of salaries quoted 3,446 3,940 4,064
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +6.67%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,000 £32,325
90th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £72,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 139,592 150,171 164,358
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.08% 91.55% 90.89%
Number of salaries quoted 111,980 119,328 138,229
England median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,500 £28,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -43 1,474 £62,500 +4.17% 281
South East -1 951 £47,500 +5.56% 138
North of England +49 697 £45,000 +5.88% 137
Midlands -18 372 £45,000 +9.76% 79
South West +12 369 £45,000 +8.43% 79
North West +12 323 £45,000 +5.88% 85
Yorkshire +78 311 £45,000 +5.88% 40
East of England -48 235 £50,000 +5.26% 67
East Midlands +9 217 £42,500 - 41
West Midlands -45 155 £46,250 +15.63% 38
North East +18 63 £47,500 +11.76% 12
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,341 (56.94%) Agile Software Development
2 2,071 (50.38%) C#
3 1,937 (47.12%) JavaScript
4 1,834 (44.61%) .NET
5 1,614 (39.26%) HTML
6 1,580 (38.43%) SQL
7 1,479 (35.98%) CSS
8 1,357 (33.01%) MVC
9 1,323 (32.18%) TDD
10 1,139 (27.71%) SQL Server
11 1,080 (26.27%) Git (software)
12 1,072 (26.08%) Java
13 1,024 (24.91%) AngularJS
14 1,000 (24.32%) ASP.NET
15 998 (24.28%) Software Engineering
16 933 (22.70%) Scrum
17 838 (20.38%) Microsoft
18 837 (20.36%) Continuous Integration
19 786 (19.12%) Finance
20 768 (18.68%) HTML5
20 768 (18.68%) jQuery
21 749 (18.22%) Test Automation
22 691 (16.81%) Microsoft Azure
23 676 (16.44%) ASP.NET MVC
24 673 (16.37%) Web Services
25 669 (16.27%) Degree
26 597 (14.52%) .NET Framework
27 589 (14.33%) OO
28 543 (13.21%) ASP.NET Web API
29 526 (12.79%) REST

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 155 (3.77%) CMS
2 127 (3.09%) Elasticsearch
3 111 (2.70%) IIS
4 94 (2.29%) Apache
5 92 (2.24%) Confluence
6 86 (2.09%) Tomcat
7 79 (1.92%) Apache Spark
8 61 (1.48%) SharePoint
9 59 (1.44%) JBoss
10 57 (1.39%) Umbraco
11 51 (1.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 35 (0.85%) WebLogic
13 32 (0.78%) Sitecore CMS
14 25 (0.61%) BizTalk Server
14 25 (0.61%) Drupal
15 24 (0.58%) NServiceBus
16 21 (0.51%) Apache Solr
17 20 (0.49%) EPiServer
17 20 (0.49%) Mule
18 18 (0.44%) nginx
Applications
1 87 (2.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (0.58%) Photoshop
3 20 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
4 15 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
6 4 (0.097%) Acrobat
6 4 (0.097%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 3 (0.073%) Fireworks
7 3 (0.073%) LibreOffice
7 3 (0.073%) MS Visio
8 2 (0.049%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.049%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.024%) InfoPath
9 1 (0.024%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 20 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.36%) Oracle Retail
3 11 (0.27%) Magento
3 11 (0.27%) Oracle Assets
3 11 (0.27%) Oracle EBS R12
3 11 (0.27%) Oracle Financials
3 11 (0.27%) Oracle General Ledger
3 11 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
4 9 (0.22%) Oracle Cash Management
4 9 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
4 9 (0.22%) Oracle Receivables
4 9 (0.22%) SAP S/4HANA
5 8 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
6 6 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
6 6 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
7 5 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
7 5 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
7 5 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
8 4 (0.097%) Dynamics NAV
8 4 (0.097%) Scribe Insight
Cloud Services
1 691 (16.81%) Microsoft Azure
2 408 (9.92%) Amazon AWS
3 117 (2.85%) SaaS
4 115 (2.80%) GitHub
5 94 (2.29%) npm
6 79 (1.92%) Serverless
7 75 (1.82%) Google Cloud Platform
8 42 (1.02%) AWS Lambda
9 36 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
10 33 (0.80%) AWS CloudFormation
11 30 (0.73%) NuGet
12 27 (0.66%) IBM Cloud
13 23 (0.56%) Office 365
14 22 (0.54%) Heroku
15 17 (0.41%) iTunes
15 17 (0.41%) PaaS
16 16 (0.39%) Google Analytics
16 16 (0.39%) OpenShift
17 14 (0.34%) Amazon SageMaker
17 14 (0.34%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 84 (2.04%) HTTP
2 74 (1.80%) Internet
3 50 (1.22%) TCP/IP
4 39 (0.95%) SSL
5 32 (0.78%) Intranet
6 24 (0.58%) SMS
7 21 (0.51%) VoIP
8 19 (0.46%) 4G
9 18 (0.44%) 3G
9 18 (0.44%) Broadband
10 14 (0.34%) HTTPS
11 13 (0.32%) AMQP
11 13 (0.32%) Modbus
11 13 (0.32%) Network Security
12 11 (0.27%) DNS
12 11 (0.27%) RS-485
13 10 (0.24%) SSH
13 10 (0.24%) Wireless
14 9 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
15 8 (0.19%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,139 (27.71%) SQL Server
2 281 (6.84%) NoSQL
3 273 (6.64%) MySQL
4 230 (5.59%) Relational Database
5 172 (4.18%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 169 (4.11%) MongoDB
7 163 (3.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 129 (3.14%) Data Warehouse
9 119 (2.89%) Big Data
10 87 (2.12%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 84 (2.04%) RDBMS
12 80 (1.95%) SQL Server 2012
13 79 (1.92%) PostgreSQL
14 76 (1.85%) Power BI
15 70 (1.70%) Hadoop
16 63 (1.53%) Apache Cassandra
17 59 (1.44%) Redis
18 56 (1.36%) Oracle Database
19 52 (1.26%) Couchbase
19 52 (1.26%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 1,080 (26.27%) Git (software)
2 425 (10.34%) Visual Studio
3 395 (9.61%) Jenkins
4 328 (7.98%) JIRA
5 286 (6.96%) Subversion
6 274 (6.67%) Team Foundation Server
7 240 (5.84%) JUnit
8 235 (5.72%) Selenium
9 212 (5.16%) NUnit
10 204 (4.96%) Maven
11 187 (4.55%) webpack
12 180 (4.38%) gulp
13 157 (3.82%) TeamCity
14 140 (3.41%) Grunt
15 126 (3.06%) Jasmine
16 109 (2.65%) Cucumber
17 105 (2.55%) Moq
18 103 (2.51%) Gradle
19 93 (2.26%) Mocha
20 90 (2.19%) Bitbucket
General
1 786 (19.12%) Finance
2 255 (6.20%) Retail
3 139 (3.38%) Games
4 128 (3.11%) Banking
5 119 (2.89%) Marketing
6 100 (2.43%) Manufacturing
7 93 (2.26%) Telecoms
8 76 (1.85%) Automotive
9 69 (1.68%) Front Office
10 54 (1.31%) Law
11 47 (1.14%) Investment Banking
12 41 (1.00%) Back Office
13 34 (0.83%) Legal
14 30 (0.73%) Electronics
15 24 (0.58%) Financial Institution
15 24 (0.58%) Publishing
16 17 (0.41%) Advertising
17 12 (0.29%) Aerospace
18 8 (0.19%) Prime Brokerage
19 5 (0.12%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,008 (73.17%) Developer
2 893 (21.72%) .NET Developer
3 806 (19.61%) C# Developer
4 692 (16.83%) Senior Developer
5 550 (13.38%) Software Developer
6 501 (12.19%) Software Engineer
7 492 (11.97%) C# .NET Developer
8 465 (11.31%) Java Developer
9 281 (6.84%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 259 (6.30%) C# Software Developer
11 239 (5.81%) JavaScript Developer
12 232 (5.64%) SQL Developer
13 222 (5.40%) Full Stack Developer
14 213 (5.18%) ASP.NET Developer
15 207 (5.04%) .NET Software Developer
16 196 (4.77%) Senior .NET Developer
17 192 (4.67%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 189 (4.60%) Lead Developer
19 174 (4.23%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
20 155 (3.77%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,834 (44.61%) .NET
2 1,614 (39.26%) HTML
3 1,479 (35.98%) CSS
4 1,024 (24.91%) AngularJS
5 1,000 (24.32%) ASP.NET
6 768 (18.68%) HTML5
6 768 (18.68%) jQuery
7 676 (16.44%) ASP.NET MVC
8 673 (16.37%) Web Services
9 597 (14.52%) .NET Framework
10 543 (13.21%) ASP.NET Web API
11 526 (12.79%) REST
12 502 (12.21%) React
13 456 (11.09%) CSS3
14 444 (10.80%) RESTful
15 422 (10.27%) WCF
16 409 (9.95%) Spring
17 386 (9.39%) Entity Framework
18 374 (9.10%) XML
19 344 (8.37%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 387 (9.41%) Computer Science
2 360 (8.76%) User Experience
3 290 (7.05%) Analytical Skills
4 239 (5.81%) Mobile App
5 232 (5.64%) Greenfield Project
6 161 (3.92%) Enterprise Software
6 161 (3.92%) Fintech
7 154 (3.75%) Self-Motivation
8 104 (2.53%) Algorithms
9 87 (2.12%) Data Structures
10 71 (1.73%) N-Tier
11 55 (1.34%) Embedded Systems
12 53 (1.29%) Client/Server
13 37 (0.90%) Blog
14 36 (0.88%) Device Driver
15 35 (0.85%) Equities
16 34 (0.83%) Reinsurance
17 31 (0.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 31 (0.75%) Management Information System
18 30 (0.73%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 373 (9.07%) Linux
2 364 (8.85%) Windows
3 215 (5.23%) Android
4 200 (4.86%) Apple iOS
5 135 (3.28%) Unix
6 49 (1.19%) Windows Server
7 13 (0.32%) Embedded Linux
8 12 (0.29%) CentOS
9 11 (0.27%) FreeRTOS
9 11 (0.27%) Solaris
9 11 (0.27%) Ubuntu
10 10 (0.24%) Mac OS
10 10 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 7 (0.17%) watchOS
12 4 (0.097%) Nucleus RTOS
12 4 (0.097%) Windows 8
13 3 (0.073%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.049%) Windows Embedded Compact
15 1 (0.024%) SUSE
15 1 (0.024%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,341 (56.94%) Agile Software Development
2 1,357 (33.01%) MVC
3 1,323 (32.18%) TDD
4 998 (24.28%) Software Engineering
5 933 (22.70%) Scrum
6 837 (20.36%) Continuous Integration
7 749 (18.22%) Test Automation
8 589 (14.33%) OO
9 477 (11.60%) BDD
10 462 (11.24%) Problem-Solving
11 426 (10.36%) Front End Development
12 409 (9.95%) SDLC
13 395 (9.61%) Web Development
14 355 (8.64%) DevOps
15 324 (7.88%) Microservices
16 315 (7.66%) Mentoring
17 284 (6.91%) SOA
18 283 (6.88%) SOLID
19 269 (6.54%) OOP
20 232 (5.64%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2,071 (50.38%) C#
2 1,937 (47.12%) JavaScript
3 1,580 (38.43%) SQL
4 1,072 (26.08%) Java
5 440 (10.70%) Python
6 366 (8.90%) C++
7 356 (8.66%) T-SQL
8 303 (7.37%) PHP
9 196 (4.77%) C
10 184 (4.48%) TypeScript
11 165 (4.01%) Java 8
12 115 (2.80%) ES6
13 108 (2.63%) Ruby
14 95 (2.31%) VB.NET
15 93 (2.26%) Scala
16 79 (1.92%) PL/SQL
17 66 (1.61%) Groovy
18 64 (1.56%) PowerShell
19 54 (1.31%) Apple Swift
19 54 (1.31%) Go
Qualifications
1 669 (16.27%) Degree
2 196 (4.77%) Computer Science Degree
3 123 (2.99%) Security Cleared
4 58 (1.41%) SC Cleared
5 52 (1.26%) DV Cleared
6 25 (0.61%) ISEB
7 20 (0.49%) ISTQB
7 20 (0.49%) Master's Degree
8 18 (0.44%) Numerate Degree
9 14 (0.34%) AWS Certification
10 12 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
11 6 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 4 (0.097%) DBS Check
13 3 (0.073%) Sun Certification
14 2 (0.049%) Postgraduate
15 1 (0.024%) ACCA
15 1 (0.024%) BPSS Clearance
15 1 (0.024%) CIMA
15 1 (0.024%) MCSD
15 1 (0.024%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 317 (7.71%) QA
2 19 (0.46%) ISO 9001
3 17 (0.41%) Data Quality
4 16 (0.39%) GDPR
4 16 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 15 (0.36%) WAI
5 15 (0.36%) WCAG
6 11 (0.27%) SLA
7 9 (0.22%) PMO
8 8 (0.19%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.097%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.073%) DICOM
10 3 (0.073%) HL7
10 3 (0.073%) PA-DSS
11 2 (0.049%) IEC 61508
11 2 (0.049%) ISO 15765
11 2 (0.049%) JTAG
11 2 (0.049%) MISRA
11 2 (0.049%) Web Application Security Consortium
12 1 (0.024%) ECSS
System Software
1 311 (7.57%) Docker
2 31 (0.75%) Firmware
3 29 (0.71%) Active Directory
4 28 (0.68%) VirtualBox
5 11 (0.27%) LXC
6 8 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
7 4 (0.097%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.073%) HDFS
8 3 (0.073%) Oracle RAC
8 3 (0.073%) Varnish
8 3 (0.073%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.073%) vSphere
9 2 (0.049%) Apache Flume
9 2 (0.049%) KVM
10 1 (0.024%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 148 (3.60%) Ansible
2 147 (3.58%) Kubernetes
3 84 (2.04%) Terraform
4 56 (1.36%) HP Quality Center
5 48 (1.17%) Puppet
6 32 (0.78%) Docker Swarm
6 32 (0.78%) Opscode Chef
7 10 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
8 9 (0.22%) HockeyApp
9 8 (0.19%) Oozie
10 5 (0.12%) Mesos
10 5 (0.12%) Prometheus
10 5 (0.12%) rkt
11 4 (0.097%) HAProxy
11 4 (0.097%) Icinga
11 4 (0.097%) Istio
12 3 (0.073%) Control-M
13 2 (0.049%) Consul
13 2 (0.049%) Graylog
13 2 (0.049%) Nagios
Vendors
1 838 (20.38%) Microsoft
2 320 (7.78%) Oracle
3 175 (4.26%) Google
4 85 (2.07%) Xamarin
5 55 (1.34%) Tableau
6 54 (1.31%) SAP
7 48 (1.17%) Sitecore
8 47 (1.14%) Atlassian
8 47 (1.14%) IBM
9 31 (0.75%) MuleSoft
10 30 (0.73%) Zend
11 29 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
12 28 (0.68%) Apple
13 26 (0.63%) Cloudera
14 24 (0.58%) Hortonworks
15 23 (0.56%) Sybase
16 22 (0.54%) Informatica
17 21 (0.51%) Twitter
18 20 (0.49%) Cisco
19 19 (0.46%) Red Hat