Period
to 3 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 3 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
3 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 131 133 121
Rank change year-on-year +2 -12 -12
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 2,046 3,502 4,475
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.54% 2.65% 2.78%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.75% 2.88% 3.01%
Number of salaries quoted 1,803 3,134 3,904
Median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £78,750 £81,250 £75,000
UK median annual salary £51,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year -1.90% +5.00% +5.26%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 74,488 121,703 148,544
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.36% 92.21% 92.25%
Number of salaries quoted 59,573 96,095 120,256
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £31,500 £30,000 £29,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 3 June 2020.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 3 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -31 743 £63,750 -1.92% 43
South East +4 537 £47,500 -5.00% 33
North of England +45 282 £48,000 +6.67% 58
Midlands +17 206 £47,500 - 6
North West +77 186 £50,000 +11.11% 37
South West -10 152 £45,000 +2.27% 19
East of England +30 123 £57,500 +15.00% 16
West Midlands +58 113 £47,500 -5.00% 6
East Midlands -7 92 £55,000 +15.79%
Yorkshire +28 82 £45,000 - 11
North East -8 14 £45,000 -7.69% 10
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 3 June 2020, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,245 (60.85%) Agile Software Development
2 936 (45.75%) JavaScript
3 923 (45.11%) C#
4 804 (39.30%) .NET
5 679 (33.19%) SQL
6 616 (30.11%) HTML
7 603 (29.47%) Git (software)
8 596 (29.13%) CSS
9 573 (28.01%) TDD
10 554 (27.08%) Software Engineering
11 487 (23.80%) Azure
12 485 (23.70%) AngularJS
13 450 (21.99%) SQL Server
14 448 (21.90%) Java
15 445 (21.75%) Scrum
16 426 (20.82%) MVC
17 420 (20.53%) Continuous Integration
18 389 (19.01%) Test Automation
19 385 (18.82%) React
20 336 (16.42%) DevOps
21 328 (16.03%) Finance
22 321 (15.69%) ASP.NET
23 302 (14.76%) Microsoft
24 297 (14.52%) Docker
24 297 (14.52%) HTML5
25 294 (14.37%) .NET Framework
26 291 (14.22%) AWS
27 290 (14.17%) Degree
28 289 (14.13%) Python
29 280 (13.69%) .NET Core

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (3.62%) Confluence
2 59 (2.88%) CMS
3 54 (2.64%) Apache Spark
4 43 (2.10%) IIS
5 40 (1.96%) Apache
6 37 (1.81%) Elasticsearch
7 19 (0.93%) SharePoint
8 18 (0.88%) WebSphere
9 17 (0.83%) BizTalk Server
9 17 (0.83%) Umbraco
10 15 (0.73%) WordPress
11 13 (0.64%) Drupal
12 12 (0.59%) CICS
12 12 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
13 9 (0.44%) JBoss
13 9 (0.44%) NServiceBus
13 9 (0.44%) Tomcat
14 8 (0.39%) EPiServer
14 8 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 8 (0.39%) Tornado
Applications
1 30 (1.47%) InVision
1 30 (1.47%) Zeplin
2 21 (1.03%) Adobe XD
3 14 (0.68%) Photoshop
4 13 (0.64%) Sketch
5 12 (0.59%) Chatbot
6 9 (0.44%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
8 4 (0.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 2 (0.098%) Microsoft Excel
10 1 (0.049%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 20 (0.98%) Magento
2 9 (0.44%) SAP EHS
2 9 (0.44%) SAP FI
3 8 (0.39%) SAP CO
3 8 (0.39%) SAP FI/CO
3 8 (0.39%) SAP S/4HANA
4 7 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.29%) SAP MM
6 3 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.098%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.098%) Oracle General Ledger
7 2 (0.098%) Oracle Internet Expenses
7 2 (0.098%) Oracle iProcurement
7 2 (0.098%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 2 (0.098%) SAP HR
7 2 (0.098%) Shopify
8 1 (0.049%) Distributed Ledger
8 1 (0.049%) R3 Corda
8 1 (0.049%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.049%) SAP Payroll
Cloud Services
1 487 (23.80%) Azure
2 291 (14.22%) AWS
3 104 (5.08%) GCP
4 97 (4.74%) SaaS
5 76 (3.71%) npm
6 68 (3.32%) Serverless
7 66 (3.23%) GitHub
8 29 (1.42%) Power Platform
9 28 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
10 27 (1.32%) IBM Cloud
11 26 (1.27%) Amazon EMR
12 20 (0.98%) AWS Lambda
13 16 (0.78%) Azure Data Factory
13 16 (0.78%) Google Analytics
14 15 (0.73%) PaaS
15 12 (0.59%) Amazon SQS
15 12 (0.59%) Logic Apps
16 11 (0.54%) Amazon EC2
16 11 (0.54%) Dynamics 365
16 11 (0.54%) NuGet
Communications & Networking
1 34 (1.66%) Internet
2 33 (1.61%) HTTP
3 18 (0.88%) TCP/IP
4 15 (0.73%) FTP
5 14 (0.68%) Tactical Data Link
6 11 (0.54%) Broadband
7 8 (0.39%) WAN
7 8 (0.39%) Wireless
8 5 (0.24%) SMTP
9 3 (0.15%) Bluetooth
9 3 (0.15%) DNS
9 3 (0.15%) Intranet
9 3 (0.15%) RTP
10 2 (0.098%) ATM
10 2 (0.098%) Firewall
10 2 (0.098%) SSH
10 2 (0.098%) WebEx
11 1 (0.049%) CDMA
11 1 (0.049%) GSM
11 1 (0.049%) UMTS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 450 (21.99%) SQL Server
2 143 (6.99%) NoSQL
3 116 (5.67%) MySQL
4 87 (4.25%) Big Data
5 82 (4.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 77 (3.76%) Hadoop
7 74 (3.62%) MongoDB
8 73 (3.57%) Redis
9 72 (3.52%) Relational Database
10 63 (3.08%) Data Warehouse
11 60 (2.93%) PostgreSQL
12 48 (2.35%) Apache Cassandra
13 46 (2.25%) Azure SQL Database
13 46 (2.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 44 (2.15%) QlikView
15 39 (1.91%) Neo4j
16 34 (1.66%) DB2
17 33 (1.61%) Amazon Redshift
18 30 (1.47%) SQL Server 2012
19 29 (1.42%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 603 (29.47%) Git (software)
2 193 (9.43%) Jenkins
3 179 (8.75%) JIRA
4 174 (8.50%) Visual Studio
5 147 (7.18%) Selenium
6 144 (7.04%) Jasmine
7 122 (5.96%) webpack
8 106 (5.18%) NUnit
9 96 (4.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 92 (4.50%) TeamCity
11 77 (3.76%) Team Foundation Server
12 71 (3.47%) Karma Test Runner
12 71 (3.47%) Octopus Deploy
12 71 (3.47%) Subversion
13 65 (3.18%) Visual Studio Team System
14 63 (3.08%) SpecFlow
15 62 (3.03%) Mocha
16 57 (2.79%) gulp
17 54 (2.64%) Moq
18 53 (2.59%) JUnit
General
1 328 (16.03%) Finance
2 170 (8.31%) Retail
3 73 (3.57%) Games
4 72 (3.52%) Banking
5 52 (2.54%) Legal
6 43 (2.10%) Marketing
7 40 (1.96%) Manufacturing
8 29 (1.42%) Aerospace
9 27 (1.32%) Electronics
9 27 (1.32%) Public Sector
10 25 (1.22%) Telecoms
11 22 (1.08%) Military
12 21 (1.03%) Law
13 19 (0.93%) Back Office
13 19 (0.93%) Investment Banking
14 18 (0.88%) Automotive
15 14 (0.68%) Publishing
16 9 (0.44%) Financial Institution
17 7 (0.34%) Front Office
18 5 (0.24%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,360 (66.47%) Developer
2 287 (14.03%) .NET Developer
3 279 (13.64%) Senior Developer
4 276 (13.49%) Software Engineer
5 270 (13.20%) C# Developer
6 224 (10.95%) Software Developer
7 204 (9.97%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 146 (7.14%) C# .NET Developer
9 143 (6.99%) Java Developer
10 123 (6.01%) Full Stack Developer
11 115 (5.62%) PHP Developer
12 112 (5.47%) JavaScript Developer
13 105 (5.13%) React Developer
14 91 (4.45%) C# Software Developer
15 80 (3.91%) C# Software Engineer
16 78 (3.81%) Web Developer
17 77 (3.76%) Senior Software Engineer
18 74 (3.62%) .NET Software Developer
19 70 (3.42%) Junior
20 68 (3.32%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 804 (39.30%) .NET
2 616 (30.11%) HTML
3 596 (29.13%) CSS
4 485 (23.70%) AngularJS
5 385 (18.82%) React
6 321 (15.69%) ASP.NET
7 297 (14.52%) HTML5
8 294 (14.37%) .NET Framework
9 280 (13.69%) .NET Core
10 260 (12.71%) REST
11 249 (12.17%) ASP.NET Web API
12 233 (11.39%) Node.js
13 221 (10.80%) Web Services
14 220 (10.75%) RESTful
15 211 (10.31%) jQuery
16 190 (9.29%) Sass
17 184 (8.99%) CSS3
18 179 (8.75%) Vue.js
19 162 (7.92%) ASP.NET MVC
20 157 (7.67%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 185 (9.04%) Greenfield Project
2 177 (8.65%) User Experience
3 120 (5.87%) Analytical Skills
4 93 (4.55%) Self-Motivation
5 89 (4.35%) Algorithms
6 88 (4.30%) Mobile App
7 44 (2.15%) Enterprise Software
8 36 (1.76%) Data Structures
9 33 (1.61%) Linux Command Line
9 33 (1.61%) Management Information System
10 32 (1.56%) Virtual Team
11 31 (1.52%) Animation
11 31 (1.52%) Blog
12 28 (1.37%) Acoustics
13 25 (1.22%) Mainframe
14 21 (1.03%) Social Media
15 19 (0.93%) CMDB
16 18 (0.88%) Client/Server
17 16 (0.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 13 (0.64%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 270 (13.20%) Windows
2 236 (11.53%) Linux
3 93 (4.55%) Apple iOS
4 71 (3.47%) Android
5 64 (3.13%) Unix
6 16 (0.78%) Embedded Linux
7 15 (0.73%) Ubuntu
8 9 (0.44%) Windows Server
9 8 (0.39%) CentOS
9 8 (0.39%) Windows Server 2019
10 7 (0.34%) VxWorks
11 6 (0.29%) VMS
12 5 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 5 (0.24%) SafeRTOS
12 5 (0.24%) Solaris
12 5 (0.24%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.15%) Mac OS X
13 3 (0.15%) MVS
13 3 (0.15%) tvOS
14 2 (0.098%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,245 (60.85%) Agile Software Development
2 573 (28.01%) TDD
3 554 (27.08%) Software Engineering
4 445 (21.75%) Scrum
5 426 (20.82%) MVC
6 420 (20.53%) Continuous Integration
7 389 (19.01%) Test Automation
8 336 (16.42%) DevOps
9 269 (13.15%) Front End Development
10 251 (12.27%) Web Development
11 239 (11.68%) OO
12 235 (11.49%) Microservices
13 233 (11.39%) Problem-Solving
14 210 (10.26%) Computer Science
15 205 (10.02%) SDLC
16 191 (9.34%) BDD
17 184 (8.99%) Analytics
18 165 (8.06%) Continuous Improvement
19 151 (7.38%) OOP
20 150 (7.33%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 936 (45.75%) JavaScript
2 923 (45.11%) C#
3 679 (33.19%) SQL
4 448 (21.90%) Java
5 289 (14.13%) Python
6 232 (11.34%) TypeScript
7 201 (9.82%) C++
8 161 (7.87%) PHP
9 123 (6.01%) T-SQL
10 98 (4.79%) C
11 91 (4.45%) ES6
12 76 (3.71%) Ruby
13 57 (2.79%) PowerShell
14 56 (2.74%) Java 8
15 50 (2.44%) R
16 44 (2.15%) PL/SQL
17 42 (2.05%) MATLAB
18 41 (2.00%) VB.NET
19 38 (1.86%) Bash Shell
19 38 (1.86%) Scala
Qualifications
1 290 (14.17%) Degree
2 141 (6.89%) Computer Science Degree
3 52 (2.54%) Security Cleared
4 29 (1.42%) SC Cleared
5 20 (0.98%) ISEB
5 20 (0.98%) ISTQB
6 12 (0.59%) Microsoft Certification
7 10 (0.49%) Master's Degree
8 9 (0.44%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
10 7 (0.34%) Postgraduate
11 6 (0.29%) SAP Certification
12 5 (0.24%) MCP
13 4 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
14 3 (0.15%) MBCS
15 2 (0.098%) MCPD
15 2 (0.098%) MCSD
15 2 (0.098%) PhD
16 1 (0.049%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 217 (10.61%) QA
2 16 (0.78%) DICOM
3 15 (0.73%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 7 (0.34%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 4 (0.20%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.098%) GxP
6 2 (0.098%) SLA
7 1 (0.049%) GDPR
7 1 (0.049%) JTAG
7 1 (0.049%) NIST
System Software
1 297 (14.52%) Docker
2 39 (1.91%) VirtualBox
3 14 (0.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 6 (0.29%) Firmware
4 6 (0.29%) Varnish
5 5 (0.24%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.15%) Microsoft App-V
7 1 (0.049%) Cronacle
Systems Management
1 202 (9.87%) Kubernetes
2 68 (3.32%) Ansible
3 65 (3.18%) Terraform
4 46 (2.25%) Docker Swarm
5 12 (0.59%) Puppet
6 11 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
7 8 (0.39%) BMC PATROL
8 5 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
9 4 (0.20%) Control-M
9 4 (0.20%) MIIS
10 2 (0.098%) Grafana
10 2 (0.098%) Kibana
10 2 (0.098%) Mesos
10 2 (0.098%) Packer
10 2 (0.098%) Prometheus
10 2 (0.098%) Rancher
11 1 (0.049%) Consul
11 1 (0.049%) rkt
11 1 (0.049%) Rundeck
11 1 (0.049%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 302 (14.76%) Microsoft
2 140 (6.84%) Oracle
3 97 (4.74%) Google
4 54 (2.64%) IBM
5 46 (2.25%) Tableau
6 43 (2.10%) Cloudera
7 38 (1.86%) Informatica
7 38 (1.86%) SAP
8 36 (1.76%) Hortonworks
9 30 (1.47%) Adobe
10 25 (1.22%) Xamarin
11 22 (1.08%) Atlassian
12 19 (0.93%) Talend
13 18 (0.88%) Red Hat
14 16 (0.78%) Zend
15 15 (0.73%) Apple
15 15 (0.73%) Sitecore
16 14 (0.68%) Databricks
16 14 (0.68%) Teradata
17 10 (0.49%) Dataiku