Period
to 24 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 24 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
24 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 108 121 148
Rank change year-on-year +13 +27 -24
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 3,386 1,202 3,237
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.14% 2.66% 2.49%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.33% 2.85% 2.68%
Number of salaries quoted 2,030 1,036 2,757
10th Percentile £38,725 £36,250 £34,900
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £52,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% -4.55% +10.00%
75th Percentile £72,500 £65,000 £68,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £76,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £52,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.52% -4.55% +10.00%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 101,606 42,133 120,658
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.11% 93.30% 92.64%
Number of salaries quoted 68,909 35,131 96,851
10th Percentile £33,000 £33,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +9.52% +2.94%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 24 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 24 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +86 1,659 £72,500 +20.83% 228
South East -7 661 £55,000 +2.33% 70
North of England -63 373 £52,500 +5.00% 78
South West +10 282 £47,500 - 51
Midlands 0 274 £45,000 -5.26% 72
Yorkshire -58 173 £55,000 +15.79% 34
North West -60 168 £50,000 - 37
West Midlands -29 164 £45,000 -5.26% 42
East Midlands +7 110 £42,500 - 30
East of England -39 110 £52,500 - 31
North East -24 33 £55,000 +10.00% 7
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 24 September 2021, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,024 (59.78%) Agile Software Development
2 1,680 (49.62%) JavaScript
3 1,160 (34.26%) React
4 1,156 (34.14%) C#
5 1,147 (33.87%) Software Engineering
6 1,059 (31.28%) HTML
7 1,058 (31.25%) CSS
8 1,046 (30.89%) TDD
9 1,016 (30.01%) SQL
10 960 (28.35%) .NET
11 948 (28.00%) Azure
12 927 (27.38%) Git (software)
13 824 (24.34%) AWS
14 811 (23.95%) Docker
15 785 (23.18%) DevOps
16 748 (22.09%) Java
17 746 (22.03%) AngularJS
18 698 (20.61%) Social Skills
19 695 (20.53%) Microservices
20 673 (19.88%) Finance
21 649 (19.17%) SQL Server
22 638 (18.84%) Full Stack Development
23 635 (18.75%) Kubernetes
24 628 (18.55%) Test Automation
25 622 (18.37%) Node.js
26 603 (17.81%) Scrum
27 590 (17.42%) REST
28 589 (17.40%) TypeScript
29 565 (16.69%) OO
30 553 (16.33%) Continuous Integration

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 140 (4.13%) Elasticsearch
2 106 (3.13%) Apache Spark
3 104 (3.07%) Apache
3 104 (3.07%) CMS
3 104 (3.07%) Confluence
4 82 (2.42%) WordPress
5 59 (1.74%) IIS
6 54 (1.59%) Apache Solr
7 49 (1.45%) nginx
8 35 (1.03%) Tomcat
9 29 (0.86%) EPiServer
10 28 (0.83%) Umbraco
11 22 (0.65%) GemFire
12 16 (0.47%) Headless CMS
12 16 (0.47%) Traefik
13 15 (0.44%) SharePoint
14 13 (0.38%) MS Exchange
15 12 (0.35%) Sitecore CMS
16 10 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 9 (0.27%) Kentico
Applications
1 24 (0.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (0.68%) Sketch
3 22 (0.65%) Figma
3 22 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
4 20 (0.59%) Campfire
5 16 (0.47%) InVision
6 7 (0.21%) Zeplin
7 5 (0.15%) UXPin
8 3 (0.089%) Simulink
9 1 (0.030%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.030%) InDesign
9 1 (0.030%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 1 (0.030%) MS Visio
9 1 (0.030%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 42 (1.24%) Payment Gateway
2 40 (1.18%) Magento
3 31 (0.92%) Shopify
4 16 (0.47%) MetaTrader
5 9 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
5 9 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
6 6 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
7 5 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
7 5 (0.15%) NetSuite
7 5 (0.15%) R3 Corda
7 5 (0.15%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 5 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 3 (0.089%) FastStats
8 3 (0.089%) FastStats PeopleStage
9 1 (0.030%) HFM
9 1 (0.030%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.030%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 948 (28.00%) Azure
2 824 (24.34%) AWS
3 436 (12.88%) GCP
4 217 (6.41%) SaaS
5 199 (5.88%) Serverless
6 140 (4.13%) GitHub
7 139 (4.11%) AWS CloudFormation
8 112 (3.31%) npm
9 80 (2.36%) Power Platform
10 77 (2.27%) AWS Lambda
11 70 (2.07%) Yarn
12 58 (1.71%) Cloud Computing
13 57 (1.68%) Amazon SQS
14 55 (1.62%) Amazon EMR
15 54 (1.59%) PaaS
16 50 (1.48%) Amazon EC2
16 50 (1.48%) OpenShift
17 49 (1.45%) AWS Step Functions
18 47 (1.39%) Azure Service Bus
19 44 (1.30%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 161 (4.75%) HTTP
2 105 (3.10%) Broadband
3 46 (1.36%) SSL
4 34 (1.00%) Internet
5 21 (0.62%) SMTP
6 20 (0.59%) MQTT
7 15 (0.44%) FTP
7 15 (0.44%) TCP/IP
8 12 (0.35%) DNS
9 11 (0.32%) Modbus
9 11 (0.32%) RS-422
9 11 (0.32%) RS-485
9 11 (0.32%) SSH
10 9 (0.27%) RIP
11 8 (0.24%) Wireshark
12 5 (0.15%) Tactical Data Link
13 4 (0.12%) Network Security
13 4 (0.12%) NFC
13 4 (0.12%) PPP
14 3 (0.089%) Firewall
Database & Business Intelligence
1 649 (19.17%) SQL Server
2 381 (11.25%) MySQL
3 347 (10.25%) NoSQL
4 302 (8.92%) PostgreSQL
5 280 (8.27%) Relational Database
6 219 (6.47%) Redis
7 169 (4.99%) MongoDB
8 162 (4.78%) Big Data
9 114 (3.37%) Hadoop
10 101 (2.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 88 (2.60%) MariaDB
12 84 (2.48%) RDBMS
13 70 (2.07%) Power BI
14 69 (2.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 67 (1.98%) Amazon Redshift
16 60 (1.77%) Neo4j
17 54 (1.59%) Amazon Athena
18 50 (1.48%) Data Warehouse
18 50 (1.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 43 (1.27%) Electronic Patient Records
Development Applications
1 927 (27.38%) Git (software)
2 440 (12.99%) Jenkins
3 306 (9.04%) JIRA
4 217 (6.41%) JUnit
5 200 (5.91%) Selenium
6 180 (5.32%) webpack
7 169 (4.99%) NUnit
8 138 (4.08%) Cypress.io
9 131 (3.87%) Maven
10 124 (3.66%) Moq
11 116 (3.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 110 (3.25%) Team Foundation Server
13 106 (3.13%) GitLab
13 106 (3.13%) Octopus Deploy
14 101 (2.98%) Mockito
15 92 (2.72%) Jasmine
15 92 (2.72%) Visual Studio
16 86 (2.54%) gulp
17 75 (2.22%) SpecFlow
18 72 (2.13%) JMeter
General
1 698 (20.61%) Social Skills
2 673 (19.88%) Finance
3 231 (6.82%) Banking
4 223 (6.59%) Analytical Skills
5 153 (4.52%) Games
6 147 (4.34%) Retail
7 97 (2.86%) Marketing
8 95 (2.81%) Inclusion and Diversity
9 85 (2.51%) Law
10 47 (1.39%) Retail Banking
11 39 (1.15%) Financial Institution
12 38 (1.12%) Investment Banking
13 37 (1.09%) Telecoms
14 35 (1.03%) Manufacturing
15 32 (0.95%) Legal
16 30 (0.89%) Electronics
17 29 (0.86%) Publishing
18 28 (0.83%) Public Sector
19 23 (0.68%) Advertising
20 22 (0.65%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 2,027 (59.86%) Developer
2 593 (17.51%) Software Engineer
3 506 (14.94%) Senior Developer
4 329 (9.72%) .NET Developer
5 305 (9.01%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 279 (8.24%) Software Developer
7 253 (7.47%) React Developer
8 246 (7.27%) PHP Developer
9 234 (6.91%) C# Developer
10 197 (5.82%) Full Stack Developer
11 188 (5.55%) Java Developer
12 180 (5.32%) Senior Software Engineer
13 153 (4.52%) C# .NET Developer
14 116 (3.43%) JavaScript Developer
15 91 (2.69%) Senior Software Developer
16 87 (2.57%) Senior React Developer
17 84 (2.48%) Lead Developer
18 78 (2.30%) Senior .NET Developer
19 74 (2.19%) Senior Front-End Developer
20 72 (2.13%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,160 (34.26%) React
2 1,059 (31.28%) HTML
3 1,058 (31.25%) CSS
4 960 (28.35%) .NET
5 746 (22.03%) AngularJS
6 622 (18.37%) Node.js
7 590 (17.42%) REST
8 504 (14.88%) .NET Core
9 403 (11.90%) RESTful
10 393 (11.61%) Web Services
11 375 (11.08%) .NET Framework
12 361 (10.66%) Redux
13 295 (8.71%) Spring
14 294 (8.68%) jQuery
15 291 (8.59%) Jest
16 289 (8.54%) HTML5
17 286 (8.45%) Vue.js
18 235 (6.94%) ASP.NET
19 234 (6.91%) Kafka
20 208 (6.14%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 456 (13.47%) User Experience
2 187 (5.52%) Self-Motivation
3 183 (5.40%) Mobile App
4 178 (5.26%) Greenfield Project
5 146 (4.31%) Algorithms
6 116 (3.43%) Data Structures
7 112 (3.31%) Legacy Code
8 75 (2.22%) Enterprise Software
9 64 (1.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 54 (1.59%) Linux Command Line
11 50 (1.48%) Embedded Systems
12 49 (1.45%) Over-the-Top Content
13 48 (1.42%) Management Information System
14 40 (1.18%) Equities
14 40 (1.18%) Social Media
15 39 (1.15%) Legacy Applications
16 37 (1.09%) Cloud Native
17 34 (1.00%) N-Tier
17 34 (1.00%) Video\Live Streaming
18 31 (0.92%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 479 (14.15%) Linux
2 298 (8.80%) Android
3 244 (7.21%) Apple iOS
4 203 (6.00%) Windows
5 71 (2.10%) Unix
6 19 (0.56%) Windows Server
7 17 (0.50%) Embedded Linux
8 12 (0.35%) Ubuntu
8 12 (0.35%) VMS
9 8 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (0.12%) CentOS
10 4 (0.12%) Debian
11 3 (0.089%) FreeRTOS
11 3 (0.089%) Mac OS X
11 3 (0.089%) SafeRTOS
12 1 (0.030%) Fedora
12 1 (0.030%) VME
12 1 (0.030%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,024 (59.78%) Agile Software Development
2 1,147 (33.87%) Software Engineering
3 1,046 (30.89%) TDD
4 785 (23.18%) DevOps
5 695 (20.53%) Microservices
6 638 (18.84%) Full Stack Development
7 628 (18.55%) Test Automation
8 603 (17.81%) Scrum
9 565 (16.69%) OO
10 553 (16.33%) Continuous Integration
11 507 (14.97%) Front End Development
12 471 (13.91%) Problem-Solving
13 459 (13.56%) MVC
14 393 (11.61%) Computer Science
15 368 (10.87%) Mentoring
16 342 (10.10%) SDLC
17 336 (9.92%) Integration Testing
18 326 (9.63%) BDD
19 321 (9.48%) OOP
20 319 (9.42%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,680 (49.62%) JavaScript
2 1,156 (34.14%) C#
3 1,016 (30.01%) SQL
4 748 (22.09%) Java
5 589 (17.40%) TypeScript
6 538 (15.89%) Python
7 409 (12.08%) PHP
8 288 (8.51%) C++
9 198 (5.85%) Kotlin
10 174 (5.14%) ES6
11 157 (4.64%) C
12 144 (4.25%) Go
13 137 (4.05%) Scala
14 125 (3.69%) PowerShell
15 120 (3.54%) Ruby
16 114 (3.37%) Java 8
17 104 (3.07%) Bash Shell
18 98 (2.89%) T-SQL
19 76 (2.24%) Apple Swift
19 76 (2.24%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 414 (12.23%) Degree
2 182 (5.38%) Computer Science Degree
3 94 (2.78%) Security Cleared
4 60 (1.77%) SC Cleared
5 39 (1.15%) Master's Degree
6 37 (1.09%) HND
7 30 (0.89%) OCP
7 30 (0.89%) Oracle Certification
8 19 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
9 18 (0.53%) HNC
10 7 (0.21%) DV Cleared
10 7 (0.21%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 3 (0.089%) CTC Cleared
12 2 (0.059%) PhD
12 2 (0.059%) PMI Certification
13 1 (0.030%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 338 (9.98%) QA
2 101 (2.98%) Accessibility
3 52 (1.54%) PSD2
4 50 (1.48%) WCAG
5 44 (1.30%) PCI DSS
6 40 (1.18%) MISRA
7 37 (1.09%) ECSS
7 37 (1.09%) MISRA C
8 27 (0.80%) GDPR
9 16 (0.47%) SLA
10 12 (0.35%) Data Quality
11 8 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 7 (0.21%) PA-DSS
13 5 (0.15%) ISO 13485
14 3 (0.089%) Def Stans
14 3 (0.089%) IEC 61508
14 3 (0.089%) ISO 26262
14 3 (0.089%) ISO 9001
15 2 (0.059%) 21 CFR Part 11
15 2 (0.059%) GxP
System Software
1 811 (23.95%) Docker
2 51 (1.51%) VirtualBox
3 41 (1.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 26 (0.77%) HDFS
5 6 (0.18%) Firmware
6 2 (0.059%) Apache Flume
6 2 (0.059%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.059%) KVM
6 2 (0.059%) LXC
6 2 (0.059%) Varnish
6 2 (0.059%) VMware Infrastructure
7 1 (0.030%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 635 (18.75%) Kubernetes
2 313 (9.24%) Terraform
3 145 (4.28%) Ansible
4 94 (2.78%) Grafana
5 73 (2.16%) Prometheus
6 63 (1.86%) Opscode Chef
7 51 (1.51%) Docker Swarm
8 33 (0.97%) Kibana
9 30 (0.89%) Opsgenie
10 29 (0.86%) Graphite
10 29 (0.86%) Hadoop YARN
11 24 (0.71%) logstash
12 15 (0.44%) Graylog
12 15 (0.44%) HAProxy
12 15 (0.44%) Pingdom
12 15 (0.44%) ZABBIX
13 12 (0.35%) Bugsnag
13 12 (0.35%) MIIS
14 10 (0.30%) HP Fortify
14 10 (0.30%) Mesos
Vendors
1 337 (9.95%) Microsoft
2 273 (8.06%) Google
3 150 (4.43%) Oracle
4 61 (1.80%) IBM
5 58 (1.71%) Cloudera
5 58 (1.71%) Hortonworks
6 54 (1.59%) Atlassian
7 49 (1.45%) Talend
8 47 (1.39%) Informatica
9 44 (1.30%) VMware
10 42 (1.24%) WooCommerce
11 37 (1.09%) SAP
12 30 (0.89%) Red Hat
13 27 (0.80%) Salesforce.com
13 27 (0.80%) Zend
14 25 (0.74%) Apple
15 23 (0.68%) New Relic
15 23 (0.68%) Spotify
16 22 (0.65%) Facebook
16 22 (0.65%) Okta