Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 116 111 134
Rank change year-on-year -5 +23 -9
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 4,366 4,745 4,704
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.77% 2.86% 2.53%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.04% 3.13% 2.79%
Number of salaries quoted 3,651 3,969 4,173
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £32,000
90th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £75,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +11.11%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 143,792 151,600 168,665
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.13% 91.52% 90.85%
Number of salaries quoted 115,332 121,306 142,374
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £78,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -27 1,585 £60,000 - 233
South East +12 1,017 £47,500 +7.95% 116
North of England +34 731 £45,000 +5.88% 132
South West +10 373 £45,000 +12.50% 83
Midlands -17 368 £45,000 +12.50% 81
North West -9 341 £45,000 +5.88% 80
Yorkshire +81 322 £45,000 +5.88% 40
East of England -17 276 £47,500 - 58
East Midlands +21 211 £42,500 - 38
West Midlands -55 157 £45,000 +12.50% 43
North East +17 68 £47,500 +10.47% 12
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,513 (57.56%) Agile Software Development
2 2,174 (49.79%) C#
3 2,133 (48.85%) JavaScript
4 1,909 (43.72%) .NET
5 1,743 (39.92%) HTML
6 1,688 (38.66%) SQL
7 1,606 (36.78%) CSS
8 1,468 (33.62%) MVC
9 1,418 (32.48%) TDD
10 1,236 (28.31%) SQL Server
11 1,152 (26.39%) AngularJS
12 1,151 (26.36%) Git (software)
13 1,112 (25.47%) Java
14 1,083 (24.81%) Software Engineering
15 1,073 (24.58%) ASP.NET
16 995 (22.79%) Scrum
17 948 (21.71%) Continuous Integration
18 859 (19.67%) Microsoft
19 840 (19.24%) jQuery
20 833 (19.08%) Test Automation
21 824 (18.87%) Finance
22 759 (17.38%) Web Services
23 752 (17.22%) HTML5
24 738 (16.90%) ASP.NET MVC
25 712 (16.31%) Microsoft Azure
26 704 (16.12%) Degree
27 688 (15.76%) .NET Framework
28 618 (14.15%) OO
29 568 (13.01%) REST
30 566 (12.96%) ASP.NET Web API

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 150 (3.44%) CMS
2 122 (2.79%) Apache
3 120 (2.75%) Elasticsearch
4 115 (2.63%) Confluence
4 115 (2.63%) IIS
5 97 (2.22%) Tomcat
6 80 (1.83%) JBoss
7 70 (1.60%) Apache Spark
8 57 (1.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 57 (1.31%) SharePoint
9 51 (1.17%) Drupal
10 48 (1.10%) Umbraco
11 43 (0.98%) NServiceBus
12 37 (0.85%) WebLogic
13 30 (0.69%) Sitecore CMS
14 21 (0.48%) nginx
15 19 (0.44%) BizTalk Server
15 19 (0.44%) WildFly
16 17 (0.39%) Apache Solr
17 16 (0.37%) EPiServer
Applications
1 93 (2.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (0.41%) Photoshop
3 16 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
4 10 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (0.11%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.092%) Acrobat
6 4 (0.092%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 4 (0.092%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.069%) LibreOffice
8 2 (0.046%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.023%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.023%) Fireworks
9 1 (0.023%) InfoPath
9 1 (0.023%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 20 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.32%) Oracle Assets
2 14 (0.32%) Oracle EBS R12
2 14 (0.32%) Oracle Financials
2 14 (0.32%) Oracle General Ledger
2 14 (0.32%) Oracle Payables
3 13 (0.30%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 12 (0.27%) Distributed Ledger
4 12 (0.27%) Magento
5 10 (0.23%) Oracle Retail
6 9 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
7 8 (0.18%) Oracle AGIS
7 8 (0.18%) Oracle Internet Expenses
7 8 (0.18%) Oracle iProcurement
7 8 (0.18%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 8 (0.18%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 8 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
8 6 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
8 6 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
9 5 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 712 (16.31%) Microsoft Azure
2 444 (10.17%) Amazon AWS
3 141 (3.23%) GitHub
4 135 (3.09%) npm
5 124 (2.84%) SaaS
6 76 (1.74%) Serverless
7 71 (1.63%) Google Cloud Platform
8 49 (1.12%) AWS Lambda
9 39 (0.89%) AWS CloudFormation
10 34 (0.78%) IBM Cloud
11 30 (0.69%) NuGet
12 29 (0.66%) Cloud Computing
13 27 (0.62%) Heroku
14 24 (0.55%) PaaS
15 20 (0.46%) IaaS
16 19 (0.44%) Slack
16 19 (0.44%) Trello
17 17 (0.39%) Amazon SQS
17 17 (0.39%) iTunes
17 17 (0.39%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 115 (2.63%) HTTP
2 57 (1.31%) TCP/IP
3 51 (1.17%) Internet
4 44 (1.01%) SSL
5 38 (0.87%) Broadband
6 33 (0.76%) Intranet
6 33 (0.76%) SMS
7 21 (0.48%) VoIP
8 20 (0.46%) 4G
9 19 (0.44%) 3G
10 16 (0.37%) Wireless
11 14 (0.32%) SSH
12 13 (0.30%) DNS
12 13 (0.30%) SMPP
13 12 (0.27%) Network Security
14 11 (0.25%) AMQP
15 10 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
16 9 (0.21%) Ethernet
16 9 (0.21%) HTTPS
16 9 (0.21%) WPA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,236 (28.31%) SQL Server
2 384 (8.80%) NoSQL
3 319 (7.31%) MySQL
4 239 (5.47%) Relational Database
5 202 (4.63%) MongoDB
6 182 (4.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 145 (3.32%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 123 (2.82%) Data Warehouse
9 118 (2.70%) Big Data
10 111 (2.54%) SQL Server 2012
11 110 (2.52%) PostgreSQL
12 93 (2.13%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 88 (2.02%) Power BI
13 88 (2.02%) Redis
14 87 (1.99%) Hadoop
15 76 (1.74%) Apache Cassandra
16 72 (1.65%) SQL Server 2008
17 70 (1.60%) RDBMS
18 65 (1.49%) Blockchain
19 61 (1.40%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 1,151 (26.36%) Git (software)
2 433 (9.92%) Jenkins
3 398 (9.12%) JIRA
4 392 (8.98%) Visual Studio
5 289 (6.62%) Team Foundation Server
6 285 (6.53%) Selenium
7 282 (6.46%) Subversion
8 270 (6.18%) JUnit
9 264 (6.05%) NUnit
10 228 (5.22%) webpack
11 217 (4.97%) gulp
12 213 (4.88%) Maven
13 175 (4.01%) TeamCity
14 174 (3.99%) Grunt
15 142 (3.25%) Cucumber
16 129 (2.95%) Jasmine
17 103 (2.36%) Moq
18 97 (2.22%) Mocha
19 93 (2.13%) Bitbucket
20 91 (2.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 824 (18.87%) Finance
2 269 (6.16%) Retail
3 154 (3.53%) Games
4 146 (3.34%) Banking
5 119 (2.73%) Marketing
6 110 (2.52%) Telecoms
7 90 (2.06%) Front Office
7 90 (2.06%) Manufacturing
8 77 (1.76%) Automotive
9 56 (1.28%) Law
10 55 (1.26%) Investment Banking
11 40 (0.92%) Legal
12 37 (0.85%) Back Office
13 33 (0.76%) Financial Institution
14 30 (0.69%) Advertising
15 28 (0.64%) Electronics
16 23 (0.53%) Publishing
17 11 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
18 8 (0.18%) General Ledger
18 8 (0.18%) Prime Brokerage
Job Titles
1 3,204 (73.39%) Developer
2 979 (22.42%) .NET Developer
3 895 (20.50%) C# Developer
4 720 (16.49%) Senior Developer
5 586 (13.42%) Software Developer
6 523 (11.98%) C# .NET Developer
7 514 (11.77%) Software Engineer
8 458 (10.49%) Java Developer
9 310 (7.10%) JavaScript Developer
10 292 (6.69%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 269 (6.16%) C# Software Developer
12 250 (5.73%) Senior .NET Developer
13 232 (5.31%) Full Stack Developer
13 232 (5.31%) SQL Developer
14 231 (5.29%) ASP.NET Developer
15 216 (4.95%) Lead Developer
16 212 (4.86%) C# ASP.NET Developer
17 211 (4.83%) .NET Software Developer
18 197 (4.51%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 178 (4.08%) Senior C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,909 (43.72%) .NET
2 1,743 (39.92%) HTML
3 1,606 (36.78%) CSS
4 1,152 (26.39%) AngularJS
5 1,073 (24.58%) ASP.NET
6 840 (19.24%) jQuery
7 759 (17.38%) Web Services
8 752 (17.22%) HTML5
9 738 (16.90%) ASP.NET MVC
10 688 (15.76%) .NET Framework
11 568 (13.01%) REST
12 566 (12.96%) ASP.NET Web API
13 527 (12.07%) React
14 519 (11.89%) RESTful
15 461 (10.56%) Entity Framework
16 441 (10.10%) WCF
17 440 (10.08%) CSS3
18 421 (9.64%) XML
19 417 (9.55%) Spring
20 360 (8.25%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 417 (9.55%) Computer Science
2 376 (8.61%) User Experience
3 332 (7.60%) Analytical Skills
4 284 (6.50%) Mobile App
5 217 (4.97%) Greenfield Project
6 186 (4.26%) Enterprise Software
7 173 (3.96%) Fintech
8 149 (3.41%) Self-Motivation
9 120 (2.75%) Algorithms
10 96 (2.20%) Data Structures
11 53 (1.21%) Management Information System
11 53 (1.21%) N-Tier
12 50 (1.15%) Equities
13 48 (1.10%) Embedded Systems
14 47 (1.08%) Client/Server
15 35 (0.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 31 (0.71%) Blog
17 27 (0.62%) Derivative
18 26 (0.60%) Linux Command Line
18 26 (0.60%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 375 (8.59%) Windows
2 369 (8.45%) Linux
3 197 (4.51%) Android
4 158 (3.62%) Apple iOS
5 130 (2.98%) Unix
6 43 (0.98%) Windows Server
7 21 (0.48%) Mac OS
8 14 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 10 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
10 9 (0.21%) CentOS
10 9 (0.21%) Nucleus RTOS
11 6 (0.14%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.11%) Windows 7
13 4 (0.092%) Windows 8
14 3 (0.069%) Solaris
14 3 (0.069%) Windows 10
15 2 (0.046%) Mac OS X
16 1 (0.023%) VME
16 1 (0.023%) Windows Embedded Compact
16 1 (0.023%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,513 (57.56%) Agile Software Development
2 1,468 (33.62%) MVC
3 1,418 (32.48%) TDD
4 1,083 (24.81%) Software Engineering
5 995 (22.79%) Scrum
6 948 (21.71%) Continuous Integration
7 833 (19.08%) Test Automation
8 618 (14.15%) OO
9 530 (12.14%) Problem-Solving
10 503 (11.52%) BDD
11 481 (11.02%) SDLC
12 464 (10.63%) Front End Development
13 388 (8.89%) Web Development
14 381 (8.73%) Mentoring
15 362 (8.29%) DevOps
16 346 (7.92%) Microservices
17 333 (7.63%) SOA
18 266 (6.09%) OOP
19 258 (5.91%) SOLID
20 255 (5.84%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2,174 (49.79%) C#
2 2,133 (48.85%) JavaScript
3 1,688 (38.66%) SQL
4 1,112 (25.47%) Java
5 479 (10.97%) Python
6 398 (9.12%) T-SQL
7 364 (8.34%) C++
8 321 (7.35%) PHP
9 165 (3.78%) C
10 158 (3.62%) TypeScript
11 131 (3.00%) Java 8
12 112 (2.57%) Ruby
13 103 (2.36%) Scala
14 102 (2.34%) ES6
15 94 (2.15%) VB.NET
16 82 (1.88%) PL/SQL
17 76 (1.74%) Groovy
18 73 (1.67%) PowerShell
19 72 (1.65%) Bash Shell
20 63 (1.44%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 704 (16.12%) Degree
2 202 (4.63%) Computer Science Degree
3 131 (3.00%) Security Cleared
4 56 (1.28%) DV Cleared
5 45 (1.03%) SC Cleared
6 25 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
7 23 (0.53%) ISEB
8 21 (0.48%) AWS Certification
9 20 (0.46%) ISTQB
10 19 (0.44%) Master's Degree
11 14 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
12 9 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
13 7 (0.16%) HND
14 5 (0.11%) DBS Check
14 5 (0.11%) PMI Certification
14 5 (0.11%) Postgraduate
15 4 (0.092%) Sun Certification
16 2 (0.046%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 2 (0.046%) PMP
17 1 (0.023%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 337 (7.72%) QA
2 31 (0.71%) ISO 9001
3 19 (0.44%) WCAG
4 18 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 14 (0.32%) Data Quality
6 13 (0.30%) GDPR
7 11 (0.25%) PMO
7 11 (0.25%) WAI
8 10 (0.23%) PCI DSS
9 8 (0.18%) ARP4754
9 8 (0.18%) SLA
10 6 (0.14%) Web Application Security Consortium
11 4 (0.092%) ISO 13485
11 4 (0.092%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.069%) GCP
12 3 (0.069%) HL7
12 3 (0.069%) JTAG
12 3 (0.069%) MISRA
12 3 (0.069%) PA-DSS
12 3 (0.069%) PSD2
System Software
1 284 (6.50%) Docker
2 29 (0.66%) Firmware
3 27 (0.62%) VirtualBox
4 11 (0.25%) Active Directory
5 10 (0.23%) LXC
6 5 (0.11%) Varnish
6 5 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.069%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (0.069%) vSphere
8 2 (0.046%) HDFS
9 1 (0.023%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.023%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.023%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 151 (3.46%) Ansible
2 130 (2.98%) Kubernetes
3 72 (1.65%) Terraform
4 49 (1.12%) Puppet
5 41 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
6 33 (0.76%) HP Quality Center
7 31 (0.71%) Docker Swarm
8 15 (0.34%) HockeyApp
9 12 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
10 10 (0.23%) Marathon
11 8 (0.18%) HAProxy
11 8 (0.18%) Icinga
12 6 (0.14%) SCCM
13 4 (0.092%) Graphite
13 4 (0.092%) Istio
14 3 (0.069%) Kibana
14 3 (0.069%) Prometheus
15 2 (0.046%) Graylog
15 2 (0.046%) Mesos
15 2 (0.046%) Oozie
Vendors
1 859 (19.67%) Microsoft
2 317 (7.26%) Oracle
3 179 (4.10%) Google
4 87 (1.99%) Capita
4 87 (1.99%) Xamarin
5 62 (1.42%) Atlassian
6 55 (1.26%) Tableau
7 48 (1.10%) IBM
8 42 (0.96%) SAP
8 42 (0.96%) Sitecore
9 38 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
10 34 (0.78%) Apple
11 29 (0.66%) Cloudera
11 29 (0.66%) Informatica
12 28 (0.64%) Hortonworks
13 27 (0.62%) Talend
14 24 (0.55%) Twitter
15 22 (0.50%) Adobe
15 22 (0.50%) MuleSoft
16 21 (0.48%) Zend