Period
to 27 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 27 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 117 133 134
Rank change year-on-year +16 +1 -14
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 1,633 2,954 3,573
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.78% 2.56% 2.57%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.00% 2.78% 2.78%
Number of salaries quoted 1,656 2,622 3,163
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 54,390 106,318 128,520
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.53% 92.11% 92.27%
Number of salaries quoted 44,422 85,834 103,691
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,500 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £89,925 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 27 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +27 587 £65,000 - 128
South East -3 368 £55,000 +10.00% 67
North of England +53 344 £50,000 +11.11% 75
Yorkshire +81 217 £50,000 +11.11% 21
South West -3 143 £50,000 +5.26% 31
North West -26 103 £50,000 - 45
Midlands -29 95 £48,750 -2.50% 40
East of England +24 70 £55,000 - 21
West Midlands +53 62 £50,000 +12.36% 23
East Midlands -56 33 £42,500 -19.05% 17
North East +33 24 £50,000 +29.03% 9
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 27 January 2021, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 983 (60.20%) Agile Software Development
2 884 (54.13%) JavaScript
3 691 (42.31%) C#
4 627 (38.40%) .NET
5 552 (33.80%) SQL
6 507 (31.05%) Azure
7 475 (29.09%) Software Engineering
8 473 (28.97%) TDD
9 456 (27.92%) CSS
10 453 (27.74%) HTML
11 451 (27.62%) React
12 432 (26.45%) AngularJS
13 426 (26.09%) Git (software)
14 380 (23.27%) DevOps
15 369 (22.60%) AWS
16 366 (22.41%) Java
17 348 (21.31%) Test Automation
18 341 (20.88%) Scrum
19 336 (20.58%) MVC
20 333 (20.39%) Microservices
21 327 (20.02%) .NET Core
22 323 (19.78%) SQL Server
23 305 (18.68%) TypeScript
24 294 (18.00%) REST
25 280 (17.15%) Node.js
26 266 (16.29%) Continuous Integration
27 263 (16.11%) Docker
28 248 (15.19%) Finance
29 233 (14.27%) Python
30 226 (13.84%) RESTful

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 84 (5.14%) Confluence
2 54 (3.31%) CMS
3 37 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
4 34 (2.08%) IIS
5 28 (1.71%) SharePoint
6 26 (1.59%) WordPress
7 24 (1.47%) EPiServer
8 23 (1.41%) Apache Spark
9 14 (0.86%) Apache
10 13 (0.80%) Tornado
11 12 (0.73%) nginx
12 10 (0.61%) WebSphere
13 9 (0.55%) Apache Solr
14 8 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 6 (0.37%) Headless CMS
15 6 (0.37%) Tomcat
16 5 (0.31%) MQSeries
16 5 (0.31%) NServiceBus
16 5 (0.31%) Umbraco
17 4 (0.24%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 14 (0.86%) Figma
2 12 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
4 7 (0.43%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.24%) InVision
7 2 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.12%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.12%) Fireworks
7 2 (0.12%) Inkscape
7 2 (0.12%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.061%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.061%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 17 (1.04%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 12 (0.73%) Magento
3 5 (0.31%) Adobe Campaign
3 5 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.31%) Unica
4 4 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.12%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.061%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.061%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.061%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 507 (31.05%) Azure
2 369 (22.60%) AWS
3 123 (7.53%) GCP
4 84 (5.14%) SaaS
5 71 (4.35%) Serverless
6 57 (3.49%) AWS CloudFormation
7 33 (2.02%) npm
8 32 (1.96%) GitHub
8 32 (1.96%) PaaS
9 31 (1.90%) Azure Active Directory
10 27 (1.65%) Cloud Computing
10 27 (1.65%) Dynamics 365
11 26 (1.59%) AWS Lambda
12 24 (1.47%) Power Platform
13 22 (1.35%) Azure Functions
14 21 (1.29%) Apigee
14 21 (1.29%) iPaaS
15 16 (0.98%) Amazon ECS
16 15 (0.92%) Amazon EC2
16 15 (0.92%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 29 (1.78%) HTTP
2 15 (0.92%) Internet
3 12 (0.73%) Network Security
4 9 (0.55%) AMQP
5 8 (0.49%) TCP/IP
6 7 (0.43%) H.323
6 7 (0.43%) RTP
7 6 (0.37%) FTP
8 5 (0.31%) Bluetooth
8 5 (0.31%) Broadband
8 5 (0.31%) Wireshark
9 4 (0.24%) HTTPS
9 4 (0.24%) SSH
10 3 (0.18%) Tactical Data Link
11 2 (0.12%) RS-485
12 1 (0.061%) Ethernet
12 1 (0.061%) Modbus
12 1 (0.061%) RS-422
12 1 (0.061%) SMTP
12 1 (0.061%) Software-Defined Radio
Database & Business Intelligence
1 323 (19.78%) SQL Server
2 156 (9.55%) NoSQL
3 121 (7.41%) Relational Database
4 116 (7.10%) MySQL
5 86 (5.27%) MongoDB
6 68 (4.16%) Redis
7 67 (4.10%) PostgreSQL
8 34 (2.08%) Data Warehouse
9 33 (2.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 28 (1.71%) Apache Cassandra
10 28 (1.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 27 (1.65%) Azure SQL Database
11 27 (1.65%) Big Data
12 26 (1.59%) Hadoop
13 22 (1.35%) Power BI
14 16 (0.98%) Data Lake
14 16 (0.98%) SQL Server 2008
15 15 (0.92%) Snowflake Schema
16 14 (0.86%) Amazon RDS
16 14 (0.86%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 426 (26.09%) Git (software)
2 141 (8.63%) JIRA
3 114 (6.98%) Selenium
4 98 (6.00%) Jenkins
5 82 (5.02%) Cypress.io
5 82 (5.02%) JUnit
6 74 (4.53%) webpack
7 72 (4.41%) TeamCity
8 70 (4.29%) Visual Studio
9 58 (3.55%) Maven
10 56 (3.43%) Octopus Deploy
11 54 (3.31%) NUnit
11 54 (3.31%) Team Foundation Server
12 53 (3.25%) Jasmine
13 51 (3.12%) Grunt
14 50 (3.06%) Mockito
15 44 (2.69%) SpecFlow
16 40 (2.45%) Protractor
17 39 (2.39%) Bitbucket
17 39 (2.39%) Subversion
General
1 248 (15.19%) Finance
2 74 (4.53%) Retail
3 54 (3.31%) Games
4 34 (2.08%) Banking
4 34 (2.08%) Telecoms
5 32 (1.96%) Public Sector
6 30 (1.84%) Marketing
7 20 (1.22%) Back Office
8 19 (1.16%) Manufacturing
9 15 (0.92%) Publishing
10 14 (0.86%) Aerospace
11 10 (0.61%) Automotive
12 9 (0.55%) Electronics
12 9 (0.55%) Front Office
13 7 (0.43%) Advertising
13 7 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
14 6 (0.37%) Law
14 6 (0.37%) Military
15 5 (0.31%) Investment Banking
15 5 (0.31%) Police
Job Titles
1 1,127 (69.01%) Developer
2 241 (14.76%) .NET Developer
3 232 (14.21%) Software Engineer
4 231 (14.15%) Senior Developer
5 203 (12.43%) C# Developer
6 148 (9.06%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 146 (8.94%) Java Developer
8 141 (8.63%) Full Stack Developer
9 139 (8.51%) C# .NET Developer
10 127 (7.78%) React Developer
11 93 (5.70%) Software Developer
12 87 (5.33%) Lead Developer
13 84 (5.14%) JavaScript Developer
14 75 (4.59%) Senior Software Engineer
15 74 (4.53%) Angular Developer
16 62 (3.80%) PHP Developer
17 61 (3.74%) Python Developer
18 60 (3.67%) SQL Developer
19 51 (3.12%) Architect
20 50 (3.06%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 627 (38.40%) .NET
2 456 (27.92%) CSS
3 453 (27.74%) HTML
4 451 (27.62%) React
5 432 (26.45%) AngularJS
6 327 (20.02%) .NET Core
7 294 (18.00%) REST
8 280 (17.15%) Node.js
9 226 (13.84%) RESTful
10 210 (12.86%) .NET Framework
11 207 (12.68%) Vue.js
12 205 (12.55%) Web Services
13 168 (10.29%) ASP.NET Web API
14 159 (9.74%) jQuery
15 152 (9.31%) ASP.NET
16 146 (8.94%) Redux
17 137 (8.39%) Spring
18 136 (8.33%) HTML5
19 123 (7.53%) JSON
20 118 (7.23%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 123 (7.53%) User Experience
2 99 (6.06%) Analytical Skills
3 98 (6.00%) Greenfield Project
4 82 (5.02%) Data Structures
5 78 (4.78%) Algorithms
6 76 (4.65%) Mobile App
7 56 (3.43%) Management Information System
8 44 (2.69%) Enterprise Software
9 43 (2.63%) N-Tier
10 38 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
10 38 (2.33%) Virtual Team
11 20 (1.22%) Cloud Native
12 17 (1.04%) Acoustics
13 13 (0.80%) Online Games
13 13 (0.80%) Replication
14 9 (0.55%) Blog
14 9 (0.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 8 (0.49%) Client/Server
16 7 (0.43%) Over-the-Top Content
16 7 (0.43%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 129 (7.90%) Windows
2 108 (6.61%) Android
3 102 (6.25%) Apple iOS
4 86 (5.27%) Linux
5 21 (1.29%) Unix
6 9 (0.55%) Windows Server
7 6 (0.37%) VMS
8 5 (0.31%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.18%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.18%) Nucleus RTOS
9 3 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.061%) CentOS
10 1 (0.061%) Debian
10 1 (0.061%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.061%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 983 (60.20%) Agile Software Development
2 475 (29.09%) Software Engineering
3 473 (28.97%) TDD
4 380 (23.27%) DevOps
5 348 (21.31%) Test Automation
6 341 (20.88%) Scrum
7 336 (20.58%) MVC
8 333 (20.39%) Microservices
9 266 (16.29%) Continuous Integration
10 209 (12.80%) OO
11 198 (12.12%) Front End Development
12 190 (11.64%) OOP
13 171 (10.47%) Problem-Solving
14 157 (9.61%) SOLID
15 147 (9.00%) Computer Science
16 145 (8.88%) Web Development
17 135 (8.27%) Mentoring
18 134 (8.21%) BDD
19 119 (7.29%) Analytics
20 104 (6.37%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 884 (54.13%) JavaScript
2 691 (42.31%) C#
3 552 (33.80%) SQL
4 366 (22.41%) Java
5 305 (18.68%) TypeScript
6 233 (14.27%) Python
7 170 (10.41%) C++
8 129 (7.90%) T-SQL
9 113 (6.92%) PHP
10 87 (5.33%) Kotlin
11 67 (4.10%) Java 8
12 64 (3.92%) Scala
13 63 (3.86%) PowerShell
14 53 (3.25%) Ruby
15 52 (3.18%) C
15 52 (3.18%) Go
16 50 (3.06%) ES6
17 45 (2.76%) Apple Swift
18 41 (2.51%) Objective-C
19 25 (1.53%) ES8
Qualifications
1 202 (12.37%) Degree
2 56 (3.43%) Security Cleared
3 54 (3.31%) Computer Science Degree
4 39 (2.39%) SC Cleared
5 28 (1.71%) HND
6 24 (1.47%) HNC
7 8 (0.49%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 7 (0.43%) DV Cleared
9 5 (0.31%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.24%) ISTQB
11 3 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
12 2 (0.12%) ISEB
12 2 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
12 2 (0.12%) PhD
13 1 (0.061%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 112 (6.86%) QA
2 19 (1.16%) NIST
3 7 (0.43%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.12%) NCSC
4 2 (0.12%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.12%) WCAG
5 1 (0.061%) MiFID
5 1 (0.061%) SLA
System Software
1 263 (16.11%) Docker
2 35 (2.14%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.43%) Hyper-V
4 7 (0.43%) KVM
5 6 (0.37%) VirtualBox
6 2 (0.12%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 213 (13.04%) Kubernetes
2 126 (7.72%) Terraform
3 23 (1.41%) Ansible
4 8 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
5 7 (0.43%) Puppet
6 6 (0.37%) Docker Swarm
7 5 (0.31%) Opscode Chef
8 4 (0.24%) Control-M
8 4 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
8 4 (0.24%) MIIS
9 3 (0.18%) HAProxy
10 2 (0.12%) Grafana
10 2 (0.12%) Kibana
10 2 (0.12%) Packer
11 1 (0.061%) Graphite
11 1 (0.061%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 201 (12.31%) Microsoft
2 93 (5.70%) Google
3 61 (3.74%) Oracle
4 46 (2.82%) Xamarin
5 34 (2.08%) VMware
6 29 (1.78%) IBM
7 26 (1.59%) Atlassian
8 17 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
8 17 (1.04%) Sparx
9 13 (0.80%) Nintex
10 10 (0.61%) Twitter
10 10 (0.61%) WooCommerce
11 9 (0.55%) Zend
12 7 (0.43%) Apple
12 7 (0.43%) Informatica
12 7 (0.43%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
13 6 (0.37%) Adobe
13 6 (0.37%) Cloudera
13 6 (0.37%) Hortonworks
13 6 (0.37%) Telerik