Period
to 19 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 19 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
19 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 130 117 120
Rank change year-on-year -13 +3 +7
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 3,610 4,642 4,306
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.62% 2.82% 2.66%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.85% 3.07% 2.91%
Number of salaries quoted 3,054 3,973 3,862
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £32,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £72,500 £72,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 126,489 151,125 147,974
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.76% 91.80% 91.31%
Number of salaries quoted 100,734 124,235 122,762
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +1.01% +4.21%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 19 March 2019.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 19 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -31 1,335 £65,000 +13.04% 285
South East +4 862 £47,500 - 146
North of England -10 459 £45,000 - 143
South West +42 385 £45,000 - 74
Midlands -11 349 £47,500 +7.95% 108
East Midlands +12 236 £47,500 +5.56% 56
East of England -15 211 £50,000 - 40
North West -29 206 £42,500 -5.56% 84
Yorkshire -9 204 £45,000 - 44
West Midlands -58 113 £45,000 +2.27% 52
North East +24 46 £50,000 +53.85% 15
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 19 March 2019, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,057 (56.98%) Agile Software Development
2 1,821 (50.44%) C#
3 1,621 (44.90%) JavaScript
4 1,607 (44.52%) .NET
5 1,301 (36.04%) SQL
6 1,150 (31.86%) HTML
7 1,104 (30.58%) TDD
8 1,070 (29.64%) CSS
9 1,025 (28.39%) MVC
10 936 (25.93%) SQL Server
11 906 (25.10%) Java
12 895 (24.79%) Software Engineering
13 879 (24.35%) Git (software)
14 870 (24.10%) Microsoft
15 869 (24.07%) ASP.NET
16 804 (22.27%) AngularJS
17 760 (21.05%) Scrum
18 681 (18.86%) Test Automation
19 671 (18.59%) Microsoft Azure
20 647 (17.92%) Finance
21 632 (17.51%) Continuous Integration
22 575 (15.93%) React
23 567 (15.71%) jQuery
24 564 (15.62%) .NET Framework
25 558 (15.46%) Degree
26 536 (14.85%) ASP.NET MVC
27 533 (14.76%) Web Services
28 526 (14.57%) HTML5
29 479 (13.27%) OO
30 458 (12.69%) BDD

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 102 (2.83%) IIS
2 92 (2.55%) Confluence
3 87 (2.41%) Apache
4 82 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
5 64 (1.77%) CMS
6 48 (1.33%) Tomcat
7 43 (1.19%) Umbraco
8 41 (1.14%) Apache Spark
8 41 (1.14%) SharePoint
9 39 (1.08%) nginx
10 20 (0.55%) JBoss
11 18 (0.50%) BizTalk Server
12 17 (0.47%) Sitecore CMS
13 15 (0.42%) WordPress
14 14 (0.39%) NServiceBus
15 11 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 11 (0.30%) WebLogic
16 10 (0.28%) Apache Solr
16 10 (0.28%) WebSphere
17 9 (0.25%) Kentico
Applications
1 82 (2.27%) Chatbot
2 50 (1.39%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 13 (0.36%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.14%) MS Visio
7 4 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 4 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
7 4 (0.11%) Fireworks
7 4 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.083%) Notepad++
9 1 (0.028%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 31 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.42%) SAP S/4HANA
3 8 (0.22%) SAP CO
3 8 (0.22%) SAP FI
3 8 (0.22%) SAP FI/CO
4 7 (0.19%) SAP IS-U
5 6 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
5 6 (0.17%) R3 Corda
5 6 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
5 6 (0.17%) SAP BPC
6 5 (0.14%) NetSuite
7 4 (0.11%) SAP ERP
7 4 (0.11%) Shopify
8 3 (0.083%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.083%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.083%) Oracle Retail
8 3 (0.083%) RiskWrite
8 3 (0.083%) SAP PS
9 2 (0.055%) Fredhopper
9 2 (0.055%) Primavera
Cloud Services
1 671 (18.59%) Microsoft Azure
2 381 (10.55%) Amazon AWS
3 123 (3.41%) SaaS
4 109 (3.02%) GitHub
5 99 (2.74%) npm
6 90 (2.49%) Google Cloud Platform
7 74 (2.05%) Serverless
8 49 (1.36%) AWS CloudFormation
9 46 (1.27%) AWS Lambda
10 45 (1.25%) PaaS
11 32 (0.89%) Amazon EC2
11 32 (0.89%) Google Play
12 25 (0.69%) Google Compute Engine
13 22 (0.61%) OpenShift
14 19 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
15 18 (0.50%) IaaS
15 18 (0.50%) Office 365
16 16 (0.44%) Dynamics 365
17 14 (0.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 14 (0.39%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 105 (2.91%) Internet
2 84 (2.33%) TCP/IP
3 70 (1.94%) Modbus
3 70 (1.94%) RS-485
4 30 (0.83%) HTTP
5 15 (0.42%) SSL
6 14 (0.39%) HTTPS
7 9 (0.25%) Bluetooth
7 9 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
8 6 (0.17%) Broadband
8 6 (0.17%) DLNA
8 6 (0.17%) Extranet
8 6 (0.17%) Intranet
8 6 (0.17%) IPFS
8 6 (0.17%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
8 6 (0.17%) UPnP
9 4 (0.11%) Ethernet
9 4 (0.11%) FTP
9 4 (0.11%) Network Security
9 4 (0.11%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 936 (25.93%) SQL Server
2 230 (6.37%) MySQL
3 191 (5.29%) Relational Database
4 156 (4.32%) Big Data
4 156 (4.32%) NoSQL
5 138 (3.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 130 (3.60%) MongoDB
7 119 (3.30%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 115 (3.19%) Redis
9 113 (3.13%) Data Warehouse
10 78 (2.16%) Apache Cassandra
11 75 (2.08%) Oracle Database
12 67 (1.86%) Hadoop
13 64 (1.77%) RDBMS
14 61 (1.69%) PostgreSQL
15 58 (1.61%) SQL Server 2012
16 53 (1.47%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 48 (1.33%) SQL Server 2016
18 43 (1.19%) Power BI
19 42 (1.16%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 879 (24.35%) Git (software)
2 388 (10.75%) Visual Studio
3 273 (7.56%) Jenkins
4 257 (7.12%) JIRA
5 246 (6.81%) Team Foundation Server
6 236 (6.54%) Selenium
7 181 (5.01%) TeamCity
8 173 (4.79%) JUnit
9 172 (4.76%) NUnit
10 165 (4.57%) Maven
11 164 (4.54%) Subversion
12 147 (4.07%) webpack
13 116 (3.21%) Octopus Deploy
14 106 (2.94%) gulp
15 105 (2.91%) Bitbucket
16 98 (2.71%) Jasmine
17 97 (2.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 84 (2.33%) Cucumber
18 84 (2.33%) Gradle
19 79 (2.19%) Grunt
General
1 647 (17.92%) Finance
2 182 (5.04%) Retail
3 127 (3.52%) Marketing
4 106 (2.94%) Banking
5 90 (2.49%) Manufacturing
6 71 (1.97%) Games
7 56 (1.55%) Advertising
8 47 (1.30%) Automotive
9 46 (1.27%) Telecoms
10 36 (1.00%) Electronics
11 32 (0.89%) Front Office
12 27 (0.75%) Legal
13 22 (0.61%) Law
13 22 (0.61%) Publishing
14 15 (0.42%) Local Government
15 14 (0.39%) Aerospace
16 13 (0.36%) Investment Banking
17 11 (0.30%) Financial Institution
18 6 (0.17%) Back Office
19 1 (0.028%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,569 (71.16%) Developer
2 755 (20.91%) .NET Developer
3 657 (18.20%) C# Developer
4 514 (14.24%) Senior Developer
5 404 (11.19%) C# .NET Developer
6 394 (10.91%) Software Developer
7 365 (10.11%) Java Developer
8 357 (9.89%) Software Engineer
9 233 (6.45%) Full Stack Developer
10 226 (6.26%) JavaScript Developer
11 217 (6.01%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 177 (4.90%) C# Software Developer
13 163 (4.52%) Lead Developer
14 157 (4.35%) Junior
15 151 (4.18%) ASP.NET Developer
16 147 (4.07%) .NET Software Developer
17 144 (3.99%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 141 (3.91%) Senior .NET Developer
19 139 (3.85%) PHP Developer
20 137 (3.80%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,607 (44.52%) .NET
2 1,150 (31.86%) HTML
3 1,070 (29.64%) CSS
4 869 (24.07%) ASP.NET
5 804 (22.27%) AngularJS
6 575 (15.93%) React
7 567 (15.71%) jQuery
8 564 (15.62%) .NET Framework
9 536 (14.85%) ASP.NET MVC
10 533 (14.76%) Web Services
11 526 (14.57%) HTML5
12 449 (12.44%) ASP.NET Web API
13 400 (11.08%) Node.js
14 392 (10.86%) RESTful
15 376 (10.42%) REST
16 344 (9.53%) Entity Framework
16 344 (9.53%) Spring
17 311 (8.61%) WCF
18 294 (8.14%) CSS3
19 255 (7.06%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 335 (9.28%) User Experience
2 241 (6.68%) Greenfield Project
3 172 (4.76%) Analytical Skills
4 165 (4.57%) Mobile App
5 152 (4.21%) Enterprise Software
6 147 (4.07%) Self-Motivation
7 129 (3.57%) Fintech
8 99 (2.74%) Algorithms
9 70 (1.94%) CAN bus
10 65 (1.80%) Device Driver
10 65 (1.80%) Embedded Systems
11 50 (1.39%) Data Structures
12 45 (1.25%) Virtual Team
13 40 (1.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 39 (1.08%) Data Centre
15 37 (1.02%) Public Cloud
16 36 (1.00%) Internet of Things
17 33 (0.91%) Blog
17 33 (0.91%) Client/Server
18 31 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 446 (12.35%) Linux
2 349 (9.67%) Windows
3 332 (9.20%) Android
4 313 (8.67%) Apple iOS
5 81 (2.24%) Unix
6 70 (1.94%) FreeRTOS
7 65 (1.80%) Ubuntu
8 42 (1.16%) Windows Server
9 30 (0.83%) Debian
10 22 (0.61%) Mac OS
11 13 (0.36%) CentOS
12 12 (0.33%) Solaris
13 11 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
14 5 (0.14%) pSOS
15 4 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 3 (0.083%) Windows 10
16 3 (0.083%) Windows Server 2012
17 2 (0.055%) Oracle Linux
17 2 (0.055%) Windows 7
17 2 (0.055%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,057 (56.98%) Agile Software Development
2 1,104 (30.58%) TDD
3 1,025 (28.39%) MVC
4 895 (24.79%) Software Engineering
5 760 (21.05%) Scrum
6 681 (18.86%) Test Automation
7 632 (17.51%) Continuous Integration
8 479 (13.27%) OO
9 458 (12.69%) BDD
10 407 (11.27%) DevOps
11 391 (10.83%) Front End Development
12 371 (10.28%) Web Development
13 368 (10.19%) Microservices
14 350 (9.70%) Mentoring
15 348 (9.64%) Problem-Solving
16 345 (9.56%) SDLC
17 275 (7.62%) Computer Science
18 232 (6.43%) E-Commerce
19 220 (6.09%) OOP
20 214 (5.93%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,821 (50.44%) C#
2 1,621 (44.90%) JavaScript
3 1,301 (36.04%) SQL
4 906 (25.10%) Java
5 422 (11.69%) Python
6 327 (9.06%) C++
7 253 (7.01%) PHP
8 248 (6.87%) T-SQL
9 232 (6.43%) C
10 220 (6.09%) TypeScript
11 174 (4.82%) ES6
12 121 (3.35%) Java 8
13 113 (3.13%) Apple Swift
14 104 (2.88%) Scala
15 96 (2.66%) VB.NET
16 69 (1.91%) PL/SQL
17 63 (1.75%) Ruby
18 61 (1.69%) Bash Shell
19 53 (1.47%) PowerShell
20 51 (1.41%) VB
Qualifications
1 558 (15.46%) Degree
2 126 (3.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 97 (2.69%) Security Cleared
4 69 (1.91%) SC Cleared
5 50 (1.39%) Master's Degree
6 41 (1.14%) DV Cleared
7 37 (1.02%) ISEB
8 32 (0.89%) ISTQB
9 27 (0.75%) Microsoft Certification
10 12 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
11 11 (0.30%) DBS Check
12 10 (0.28%) Postgraduate
13 6 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 6 (0.17%) PhD
14 4 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
14 4 (0.11%) MCP
14 4 (0.11%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 3 (0.083%) HND
15 3 (0.083%) PMI Certification
16 2 (0.055%) ACCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 286 (7.92%) QA
2 25 (0.69%) DICOM
3 21 (0.58%) GDPR
4 17 (0.47%) Data Quality
5 16 (0.44%) WAI
6 13 (0.36%) IEC 61508
7 8 (0.22%) SLA
8 6 (0.17%) HL7
9 5 (0.14%) WCAG
10 4 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 4 (0.11%) MiFID
10 4 (0.11%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.083%) Dodd-Frank
11 3 (0.083%) EMIR
11 3 (0.083%) Solvency II
12 1 (0.028%) GAAP
12 1 (0.028%) MISRA
12 1 (0.028%) PMO
System Software
1 321 (8.89%) Docker
2 73 (2.02%) Firmware
3 60 (1.66%) Active Directory
4 16 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 10 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
5 10 (0.28%) vSphere
6 8 (0.22%) VirtualBox
7 5 (0.14%) Varnish
8 4 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
9 3 (0.083%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.055%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.028%) LXC
11 1 (0.028%) Microsoft App-V
11 1 (0.028%) Xen
Systems Management
1 176 (4.88%) Kubernetes
2 81 (2.24%) Terraform
3 75 (2.08%) Ansible
4 33 (0.91%) Opscode Chef
5 32 (0.89%) HP Quality Center
5 32 (0.89%) Puppet
6 23 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
7 15 (0.42%) Control-M
8 10 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
9 9 (0.25%) Rancher
10 8 (0.22%) Business Desktop Deployment
10 8 (0.22%) SCOM
11 7 (0.19%) Oozie
12 6 (0.17%) Mesos
12 6 (0.17%) rkt
13 5 (0.14%) Kibana
14 3 (0.083%) Graphite
14 3 (0.083%) logstash
14 3 (0.083%) Nagios
15 2 (0.055%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 870 (24.10%) Microsoft
2 219 (6.07%) Oracle
3 150 (4.16%) Google
4 84 (2.33%) SAP
5 76 (2.11%) Sitecore
6 66 (1.83%) Xamarin
7 51 (1.41%) Atlassian
8 36 (1.00%) ForgeRock
9 30 (0.83%) Tableau
10 26 (0.72%) Red Hat
11 25 (0.69%) Zend
12 21 (0.58%) IBM
13 20 (0.55%) Adobe
13 20 (0.55%) Salesforce.com
14 18 (0.50%) MuleSoft
14 18 (0.50%) VMware
15 14 (0.39%) Apple
15 14 (0.39%) Informatica
16 12 (0.33%) Rakuten
17 11 (0.30%) Workday