Period
to 13 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 13 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 133 116 136
Rank change year-on-year -17 +20 -6
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 3,788 4,800 4,424
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.55% 2.85% 2.54%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.79% 3.10% 2.78%
Number of salaries quoted 3,162 4,036 4,006
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,375 £31,875
90th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £72,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 135,998 154,654 159,253
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.63% 91.90% 91.26%
Number of salaries quoted 108,808 123,799 133,287
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,500 £28,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -40 1,391 £62,500 +8.70% 256
South East -9 841 £47,500 +5.56% 125
North of England +46 607 £45,000 +5.88% 140
South West +28 376 £45,000 +4.05% 80
Midlands -19 346 £45,000 +12.50% 77
Yorkshire +54 291 £45,000 +7.78% 41
North West -5 266 £45,000 - 77
East Midlands +12 224 £42,500 +3.34% 38
East of England -54 219 £52,500 +5.00% 57
West Midlands -72 122 £49,000 +22.50% 39
North East +24 50 £47,500 +48.44% 22
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,154 (56.86%) Agile Software Development
2 1,867 (49.29%) C#
3 1,741 (45.96%) JavaScript
4 1,645 (43.43%) .NET
5 1,376 (36.33%) SQL
6 1,371 (36.19%) HTML
7 1,241 (32.76%) CSS
8 1,201 (31.71%) TDD
9 1,147 (30.28%) MVC
10 1,021 (26.95%) SQL Server
11 983 (25.95%) Java
12 916 (24.18%) Git (software)
13 896 (23.65%) Software Engineering
14 889 (23.47%) AngularJS
15 877 (23.15%) ASP.NET
16 860 (22.70%) Microsoft
17 804 (21.22%) Scrum
18 741 (19.56%) Test Automation
19 712 (18.80%) Finance
20 709 (18.72%) Continuous Integration
21 665 (17.56%) HTML5
22 662 (17.48%) jQuery
23 630 (16.63%) Microsoft Azure
24 617 (16.29%) Degree
25 580 (15.31%) Web Services
26 579 (15.29%) ASP.NET MVC
27 549 (14.49%) OO
28 537 (14.18%) .NET Framework
29 507 (13.38%) React
30 484 (12.78%) ASP.NET Web API

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 116 (3.06%) CMS
2 110 (2.90%) Elasticsearch
3 104 (2.75%) IIS
4 95 (2.51%) Confluence
5 71 (1.87%) Apache Spark
6 65 (1.72%) Apache
7 64 (1.69%) Tomcat
8 52 (1.37%) Umbraco
9 40 (1.06%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 39 (1.03%) SharePoint
11 31 (0.82%) JBoss
12 30 (0.79%) BizTalk Server
13 29 (0.77%) WebLogic
14 23 (0.61%) Sitecore CMS
15 20 (0.53%) EPiServer
15 20 (0.53%) Mule
16 19 (0.50%) Apache Solr
17 18 (0.48%) Anypoint
18 17 (0.45%) Ethereum
18 17 (0.45%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 62 (1.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 47 (1.24%) Chatbot
3 25 (0.66%) Photoshop
4 19 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
4 19 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 4 (0.11%) Acrobat
7 4 (0.11%) Fireworks
8 3 (0.079%) MS Visio
9 2 (0.053%) LibreOffice
9 2 (0.053%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.026%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.026%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 19 (0.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.26%) Magento
2 10 (0.26%) Oracle Retail
2 10 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
3 9 (0.24%) Oracle Assets
3 9 (0.24%) Oracle Cash Management
3 9 (0.24%) Oracle EBS R12
3 9 (0.24%) Oracle Financials
3 9 (0.24%) Oracle General Ledger
3 9 (0.24%) Oracle Payables
3 9 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
3 9 (0.24%) Remedy ITSM
4 7 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
4 7 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
5 6 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
6 5 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
6 5 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
7 4 (0.11%) R3 Corda
7 4 (0.11%) Scribe Insight
Cloud Services
1 630 (16.63%) Microsoft Azure
2 361 (9.53%) Amazon AWS
3 118 (3.12%) SaaS
4 87 (2.30%) GitHub
5 80 (2.11%) npm
6 78 (2.06%) Serverless
7 62 (1.64%) Google Cloud Platform
8 40 (1.06%) AWS Lambda
9 31 (0.82%) AWS CloudFormation
10 26 (0.69%) Cloud Computing
11 25 (0.66%) Office 365
12 24 (0.63%) Amazon EC2
13 22 (0.58%) NuGet
14 21 (0.55%) Google Play
15 18 (0.48%) Google Analytics
15 18 (0.48%) IBM Cloud
15 18 (0.48%) PaaS
16 16 (0.42%) OpenShift
17 15 (0.40%) Amazon SageMaker
18 13 (0.34%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 88 (2.32%) Internet
2 56 (1.48%) TCP/IP
3 53 (1.40%) HTTP
4 42 (1.11%) Modbus
5 41 (1.08%) RS-485
6 21 (0.55%) Intranet
7 20 (0.53%) SSL
8 17 (0.45%) HTTPS
9 14 (0.37%) SMS
10 13 (0.34%) VoIP
11 12 (0.32%) 3G
11 12 (0.32%) 4G
12 11 (0.29%) AMQP
12 11 (0.29%) Broadband
13 10 (0.26%) Network Security
14 7 (0.18%) Firewall
15 6 (0.16%) Bluetooth
15 6 (0.16%) DNS
15 6 (0.16%) Extranet
16 5 (0.13%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,021 (26.95%) SQL Server
2 245 (6.47%) MySQL
3 219 (5.78%) NoSQL
3 219 (5.78%) Relational Database
4 170 (4.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 148 (3.91%) MongoDB
6 143 (3.78%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 131 (3.46%) Data Warehouse
8 115 (3.04%) Big Data
9 84 (2.22%) PostgreSQL
10 83 (2.19%) RDBMS
11 70 (1.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 69 (1.82%) Oracle Database
12 69 (1.82%) SQL Server 2012
13 63 (1.66%) Hadoop
14 62 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
15 61 (1.61%) Redis
16 56 (1.48%) SQL Server 2016
17 55 (1.45%) Power BI
18 47 (1.24%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 916 (24.18%) Git (software)
2 448 (11.83%) Visual Studio
3 320 (8.45%) Jenkins
4 296 (7.81%) JIRA
5 249 (6.57%) Team Foundation Server
6 235 (6.20%) Subversion
7 208 (5.49%) Selenium
8 196 (5.17%) JUnit
9 187 (4.94%) Maven
10 176 (4.65%) NUnit
11 171 (4.51%) gulp
12 168 (4.44%) webpack
13 147 (3.88%) TeamCity
14 130 (3.43%) Grunt
15 111 (2.93%) Jasmine
16 100 (2.64%) Gradle
17 99 (2.61%) Bitbucket
18 95 (2.51%) Cucumber
19 83 (2.19%) Mocha
19 83 (2.19%) Moq
General
1 712 (18.80%) Finance
2 214 (5.65%) Retail
3 126 (3.33%) Marketing
4 117 (3.09%) Games
5 107 (2.82%) Manufacturing
6 93 (2.46%) Banking
7 69 (1.82%) Automotive
8 68 (1.80%) Telecoms
9 47 (1.24%) Front Office
10 34 (0.90%) Law
11 29 (0.77%) Investment Banking
12 26 (0.69%) Electronics
13 25 (0.66%) Publishing
14 24 (0.63%) Back Office
15 20 (0.53%) Advertising
16 19 (0.50%) Legal
17 15 (0.40%) Financial Institution
18 13 (0.34%) Aerospace
19 2 (0.053%) Billing
19 2 (0.053%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 2,727 (71.99%) Developer
2 792 (20.91%) .NET Developer
3 717 (18.93%) C# Developer
4 602 (15.89%) Senior Developer
5 471 (12.43%) Software Developer
6 449 (11.85%) C# .NET Developer
7 439 (11.59%) Software Engineer
8 410 (10.82%) Java Developer
9 272 (7.18%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 223 (5.89%) Full Stack Developer
11 215 (5.68%) C# Software Developer
11 215 (5.68%) JavaScript Developer
12 201 (5.31%) SQL Developer
13 185 (4.88%) ASP.NET Developer
14 170 (4.49%) C# ASP.NET Developer
15 168 (4.44%) .NET Software Developer
16 159 (4.20%) Lead Developer
17 146 (3.85%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
18 143 (3.78%) Senior .NET Developer
19 140 (3.70%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,645 (43.43%) .NET
2 1,371 (36.19%) HTML
3 1,241 (32.76%) CSS
4 889 (23.47%) AngularJS
5 877 (23.15%) ASP.NET
6 665 (17.56%) HTML5
7 662 (17.48%) jQuery
8 580 (15.31%) Web Services
9 579 (15.29%) ASP.NET MVC
10 537 (14.18%) .NET Framework
11 507 (13.38%) React
12 484 (12.78%) ASP.NET Web API
13 462 (12.20%) REST
14 398 (10.51%) CSS3
15 396 (10.45%) RESTful
16 387 (10.22%) Spring
17 371 (9.79%) WCF
18 353 (9.32%) Node.js
19 348 (9.19%) Entity Framework
20 305 (8.05%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 340 (8.98%) User Experience
2 223 (5.89%) Analytical Skills
3 220 (5.81%) Greenfield Project
4 205 (5.41%) Mobile App
5 174 (4.59%) Self-Motivation
6 157 (4.14%) Fintech
7 144 (3.80%) Enterprise Software
8 98 (2.59%) Algorithms
9 72 (1.90%) Embedded Systems
10 70 (1.85%) Data Structures
11 64 (1.69%) Device Driver
12 58 (1.53%) N-Tier
13 49 (1.29%) Client/Server
14 42 (1.11%) CAN bus
15 39 (1.03%) Virtual Team
16 36 (0.95%) Reinsurance
17 35 (0.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 31 (0.82%) Derivative
19 30 (0.79%) Blog
20 28 (0.74%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 386 (10.19%) Linux
2 335 (8.84%) Windows
3 276 (7.29%) Android
4 268 (7.07%) Apple iOS
5 114 (3.01%) Unix
6 43 (1.14%) Windows Server
7 41 (1.08%) FreeRTOS
8 25 (0.66%) Ubuntu
9 19 (0.50%) Embedded Linux
10 15 (0.40%) Solaris
11 13 (0.34%) CentOS
12 6 (0.16%) Mac OS
13 5 (0.13%) pSOS
14 3 (0.079%) Android TV
14 3 (0.079%) Debian
14 3 (0.079%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 3 (0.079%) watchOS
14 3 (0.079%) Windows 10
14 3 (0.079%) Windows Embedded Compact
15 2 (0.053%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,154 (56.86%) Agile Software Development
2 1,201 (31.71%) TDD
3 1,147 (30.28%) MVC
4 896 (23.65%) Software Engineering
5 804 (21.22%) Scrum
6 741 (19.56%) Test Automation
7 709 (18.72%) Continuous Integration
8 549 (14.49%) OO
9 444 (11.72%) BDD
10 402 (10.61%) Front End Development
11 369 (9.74%) Web Development
12 365 (9.64%) DevOps
13 364 (9.61%) Problem-Solving
13 364 (9.61%) SDLC
14 343 (9.05%) Computer Science
15 330 (8.71%) Microservices
16 314 (8.29%) Mentoring
17 260 (6.86%) OOP
18 254 (6.71%) E-Commerce
19 251 (6.63%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 1,867 (49.29%) C#
2 1,741 (45.96%) JavaScript
3 1,376 (36.33%) SQL
4 983 (25.95%) Java
5 397 (10.48%) Python
6 350 (9.24%) C++
7 309 (8.16%) T-SQL
8 275 (7.26%) PHP
9 222 (5.86%) C
10 178 (4.70%) TypeScript
11 144 (3.80%) Java 8
12 105 (2.77%) ES6
13 100 (2.64%) Ruby
14 98 (2.59%) Scala
15 84 (2.22%) Apple Swift
16 80 (2.11%) VB.NET
17 66 (1.74%) PL/SQL
18 61 (1.61%) PowerShell
19 60 (1.58%) Groovy
20 50 (1.32%) Go
Qualifications
1 617 (16.29%) Degree
2 154 (4.07%) Computer Science Degree
3 97 (2.56%) Security Cleared
4 49 (1.29%) SC Cleared
5 40 (1.06%) DV Cleared
6 36 (0.95%) ISEB
6 36 (0.95%) Master's Degree
7 35 (0.92%) ISTQB
8 16 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
9 12 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
10 11 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 10 (0.26%) AWS Certification
12 4 (0.11%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 3 (0.079%) DBS Check
14 2 (0.053%) ITIL Certification
14 2 (0.053%) PhD
15 1 (0.026%) ACCA
15 1 (0.026%) CIMA
15 1 (0.026%) MCSD
15 1 (0.026%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 310 (8.18%) QA
2 19 (0.50%) Data Quality
3 17 (0.45%) GDPR
4 15 (0.40%) WAI
5 12 (0.32%) WCAG
6 9 (0.24%) DICOM
7 6 (0.16%) ISO 9001
7 6 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.16%) SLA
8 5 (0.13%) PMO
9 3 (0.079%) IEC 61508
9 3 (0.079%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.053%) Web Application Security Consortium
11 1 (0.026%) GAAP
11 1 (0.026%) ISO 15765
11 1 (0.026%) JTAG
11 1 (0.026%) MISRA
System Software
1 314 (8.29%) Docker
2 55 (1.45%) Firmware
3 54 (1.43%) Active Directory
4 20 (0.53%) VirtualBox
5 10 (0.26%) VMware Infrastructure
6 8 (0.21%) LXC
7 7 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 6 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.079%) HDFS
10 2 (0.053%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.053%) KVM
10 2 (0.053%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (0.053%) vSphere
11 1 (0.026%) Varnish
11 1 (0.026%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 151 (3.99%) Kubernetes
2 113 (2.98%) Ansible
3 83 (2.19%) Terraform
4 48 (1.27%) HP Quality Center
5 42 (1.11%) Puppet
6 31 (0.82%) Opscode Chef
7 24 (0.63%) Docker Swarm
8 12 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
9 9 (0.24%) Control-M
9 9 (0.24%) Mesos
9 9 (0.24%) Oozie
9 9 (0.24%) rkt
10 4 (0.11%) Istio
10 4 (0.11%) Kibana
10 4 (0.11%) Nagios
10 4 (0.11%) Prometheus
11 3 (0.079%) Graphite
11 3 (0.079%) HockeyApp
11 3 (0.079%) logstash
12 2 (0.053%) Packer
Vendors
1 860 (22.70%) Microsoft
2 279 (7.37%) Oracle
3 143 (3.78%) Google
4 80 (2.11%) Xamarin
5 58 (1.53%) Sitecore
6 53 (1.40%) SAP
7 43 (1.14%) Atlassian
8 42 (1.11%) Tableau
9 36 (0.95%) IBM
10 31 (0.82%) Zend
11 29 (0.77%) MuleSoft
12 26 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
13 25 (0.66%) ForgeRock
14 22 (0.58%) Red Hat
15 20 (0.53%) Adobe
15 20 (0.53%) Informatica
16 19 (0.50%) Apple
17 18 (0.48%) Cloudera
18 16 (0.42%) Hortonworks
18 16 (0.42%) WSO2