Period
to 19 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 19 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 129 119 138
Rank change year-on-year -10 +19 -2
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 3,132 1,588 2,936
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.82% 2.81% 2.55%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.00% 3.02% 2.75%
Number of salaries quoted 1,995 1,377 2,433
10th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £35,000
25th Percentile £47,375 £45,000 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £53,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +3.77% +6.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £67,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £81,250 £81,250
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 104,535 52,659 106,669
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.07% 93.16% 92.63%
Number of salaries quoted 70,325 43,532 86,122
10th Percentile £33,500 £32,750 £30,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £74,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £88,750
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 19 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +36 1,627 £72,500 +11.54% 174
South East -5 638 £55,000 - 93
North of England -86 335 £55,000 +10.00% 86
Midlands +26 268 £47,500 -5.00% 67
Yorkshire -78 155 £55,000 +10.00% 28
South West -45 154 £45,000 -10.00% 44
North West -40 151 £52,500 - 41
West Midlands -19 139 £47,500 -5.00% 40
East Midlands +17 129 £47,500 +11.76% 27
East of England -100 64 £52,500 -4.55% 23
North East -26 30 £55,000 +10.00% 17
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 19 January 2022, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,899 (60.63%) Agile Software Development
2 1,467 (46.84%) JavaScript
3 1,114 (35.57%) Software Engineering
4 1,094 (34.93%) C#
5 1,063 (33.94%) React
6 996 (31.80%) TDD
7 985 (31.45%) Git (software)
8 976 (31.16%) Azure
9 942 (30.08%) .NET
10 894 (28.54%) CSS
11 887 (28.32%) SQL
12 881 (28.13%) HTML
13 806 (25.73%) AWS
14 802 (25.61%) Java
15 774 (24.71%) CI/CD
16 771 (24.62%) Docker
17 769 (24.55%) DevOps
18 749 (23.91%) Full Stack Development
19 667 (21.30%) Finance
20 633 (20.21%) AngularJS
21 613 (19.57%) Social Skills
22 607 (19.38%) Test Automation
23 600 (19.16%) Kubernetes
24 599 (19.13%) SQL Server
25 568 (18.14%) Node.js
26 565 (18.04%) TypeScript
27 557 (17.78%) Python
28 539 (17.21%) Scrum
29 536 (17.11%) OO
30 522 (16.67%) Microservices

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (2.94%) Elasticsearch
2 89 (2.84%) Apache
3 83 (2.65%) CMS
4 70 (2.23%) Confluence
5 66 (2.11%) Apache Spark
6 55 (1.76%) WordPress
7 39 (1.25%) Apache Solr
8 28 (0.89%) IIS
9 26 (0.83%) nginx
10 19 (0.61%) Tomcat
11 17 (0.54%) Umbraco
12 16 (0.51%) EPiServer
13 15 (0.48%) SharePoint
14 10 (0.32%) Drupal
14 10 (0.32%) Jupyter
14 10 (0.32%) MS Exchange
14 10 (0.32%) Sitecore CMS
15 9 (0.29%) JBoss
15 9 (0.29%) WebSphere
16 6 (0.19%) Kentico
Applications
1 34 (1.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (0.80%) Sketch
3 23 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.42%) Campfire
5 5 (0.16%) Adobe XD
5 5 (0.16%) InVision
6 3 (0.096%) Simulink
6 3 (0.096%) Zeplin
7 1 (0.032%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.032%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.032%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 41 (1.31%) Magento
2 30 (0.96%) Payment Gateway
3 19 (0.61%) Shopify
4 10 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
4 10 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
5 5 (0.16%) NetSuite
5 5 (0.16%) R3 Corda
6 3 (0.096%) Loan IQ
7 2 (0.064%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 1 (0.032%) iTrent
8 1 (0.032%) Maximo
8 1 (0.032%) MetaTrader
8 1 (0.032%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.032%) Remedy ITSM
8 1 (0.032%) SDL Web 8
8 1 (0.032%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 976 (31.16%) Azure
2 806 (25.73%) AWS
3 405 (12.93%) GCP
4 235 (7.50%) SaaS
5 173 (5.52%) Serverless
6 158 (5.04%) GitHub
7 106 (3.38%) AWS CloudFormation
8 104 (3.32%) npm
9 71 (2.27%) AWS Lambda
10 68 (2.17%) Power Platform
11 67 (2.14%) PaaS
12 65 (2.08%) Amazon SQS
13 63 (2.01%) OpenShift
14 57 (1.82%) Azure Service Bus
15 47 (1.50%) Amazon EC2
16 45 (1.44%) Yarn
17 40 (1.28%) Slack
18 39 (1.25%) Amazon ECS
18 39 (1.25%) Cloud Computing
19 37 (1.18%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 135 (4.31%) HTTP
2 112 (3.58%) Broadband
3 33 (1.05%) MQTT
4 20 (0.64%) TCP/IP
5 18 (0.57%) Internet
6 15 (0.48%) DNS
6 15 (0.48%) SMTP
7 14 (0.45%) FTP
7 14 (0.45%) SSL
8 12 (0.38%) PPP
9 11 (0.35%) SSH
10 9 (0.29%) VoIP
11 5 (0.16%) NFC
12 4 (0.13%) HTTPS
13 3 (0.096%) DHCP
13 3 (0.096%) DLNA
13 3 (0.096%) Firewall
13 3 (0.096%) UPnP
13 3 (0.096%) Wi-Fi
14 2 (0.064%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 599 (19.13%) SQL Server
2 321 (10.25%) MySQL
3 303 (9.67%) NoSQL
4 272 (8.68%) Relational Database
5 216 (6.90%) PostgreSQL
6 137 (4.37%) MongoDB
7 135 (4.31%) Redis
8 123 (3.93%) RDBMS
9 114 (3.64%) Big Data
10 80 (2.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 78 (2.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 63 (2.01%) Power BI
13 62 (1.98%) Data Warehouse
14 61 (1.95%) Azure SQL Database
15 59 (1.88%) Hadoop
16 51 (1.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 47 (1.50%) Tableau
18 46 (1.47%) Amazon Athena
19 43 (1.37%) MariaDB
20 42 (1.34%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 985 (31.45%) Git (software)
2 335 (10.70%) Jenkins
3 255 (8.14%) JIRA
4 224 (7.15%) NUnit
5 200 (6.39%) JUnit
6 173 (5.52%) Cypress.io
7 171 (5.46%) Selenium
8 168 (5.36%) Moq
9 159 (5.08%) Team Foundation Server
10 149 (4.76%) webpack
11 132 (4.21%) Octopus Deploy
12 119 (3.80%) Visual Studio
13 108 (3.45%) Postman
14 99 (3.16%) PHPUnit
15 87 (2.78%) Maven
16 85 (2.71%) Bitbucket
17 83 (2.65%) Mockito
18 79 (2.52%) Jasmine
19 70 (2.23%) SpecFlow
20 69 (2.20%) Mocha
General
1 667 (21.30%) Finance
2 613 (19.57%) Social Skills
3 202 (6.45%) Analytical Skills
4 172 (5.49%) Banking
5 140 (4.47%) Marketing
6 138 (4.41%) Games
7 119 (3.80%) Retail
8 87 (2.78%) Manufacturing
9 65 (2.08%) Law
10 63 (2.01%) Inclusion and Diversity
11 40 (1.28%) Public Sector
11 40 (1.28%) Telecoms
12 39 (1.25%) Electronics
13 38 (1.21%) Investment Banking
14 37 (1.18%) Financial Institution
15 32 (1.02%) Retail Banking
16 29 (0.93%) Publishing
17 26 (0.83%) Advertising
17 26 (0.83%) Legal
18 24 (0.77%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,977 (63.12%) Developer
2 592 (18.90%) Software Engineer
3 436 (13.92%) Senior Developer
4 283 (9.04%) Software Developer
5 280 (8.94%) .NET Developer
6 266 (8.49%) Full Stack Developer
7 247 (7.89%) React Developer
8 244 (7.79%) Senior Software Engineer
9 237 (7.57%) Java Developer
10 228 (7.28%) PHP Developer
11 212 (6.77%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 209 (6.67%) C# Developer
13 109 (3.48%) C# .NET Developer
14 97 (3.10%) JavaScript Developer
15 79 (2.52%) Data Engineer
15 79 (2.52%) Lead Developer
16 78 (2.49%) Senior Java Developer
17 73 (2.33%) Web Developer
18 72 (2.30%) PHP Laravel Developer
19 69 (2.20%) Senior Front-End Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,063 (33.94%) React
2 942 (30.08%) .NET
3 894 (28.54%) CSS
4 881 (28.13%) HTML
5 633 (20.21%) AngularJS
6 568 (18.14%) Node.js
7 514 (16.41%) REST
8 468 (14.94%) .NET Core
9 387 (12.36%) Web Services
10 386 (12.32%) .NET Framework
11 377 (12.04%) RESTful
12 356 (11.37%) Jest
13 323 (10.31%) Spring
14 289 (9.23%) Vue.js
15 284 (9.07%) ASP.NET
16 274 (8.75%) jQuery
17 267 (8.52%) HTML5
18 245 (7.82%) Kafka
19 206 (6.58%) JSON
20 205 (6.55%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 398 (12.71%) User Experience
2 223 (7.12%) Self-Motivation
3 150 (4.79%) Algorithms
4 136 (4.34%) Mobile App
5 122 (3.90%) Greenfield Project
6 111 (3.54%) Legacy Code
7 110 (3.51%) Data Structures
8 86 (2.75%) Enterprise Software
9 53 (1.69%) Embedded Systems
9 53 (1.69%) Social Media
10 47 (1.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 46 (1.47%) Linux Command Line
12 45 (1.44%) Management Information System
12 45 (1.44%) STB
13 44 (1.40%) Over-the-Top Content
14 39 (1.25%) Cloud Native
15 36 (1.15%) Video on Demand
16 32 (1.02%) Blog
16 32 (1.02%) Legacy Systems
16 32 (1.02%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 346 (11.05%) Linux
2 231 (7.38%) Android
3 211 (6.74%) Apple iOS
4 193 (6.16%) Windows
5 91 (2.91%) Unix
6 18 (0.57%) Ubuntu
7 13 (0.42%) Debian
7 13 (0.42%) Embedded Linux
7 13 (0.42%) VMS
8 7 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 7 (0.22%) Windows Server
9 6 (0.19%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.16%) Mac OS X
11 4 (0.13%) FreeRTOS
12 3 (0.096%) CentOS
12 3 (0.096%) SafeRTOS
13 1 (0.032%) Fedora
13 1 (0.032%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,899 (60.63%) Agile Software Development
2 1,114 (35.57%) Software Engineering
3 996 (31.80%) TDD
4 774 (24.71%) CI/CD
5 769 (24.55%) DevOps
6 749 (23.91%) Full Stack Development
7 607 (19.38%) Test Automation
8 539 (17.21%) Scrum
9 536 (17.11%) OO
10 522 (16.67%) Microservices
11 521 (16.63%) Continuous Integration
12 452 (14.43%) Problem-Solving
13 423 (13.51%) MVC
14 385 (12.29%) OOP
15 377 (12.04%) Front End Development
16 361 (11.53%) Computer Science
17 330 (10.54%) BDD
18 314 (10.03%) Analytics
18 314 (10.03%) Web Development
19 309 (9.87%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,467 (46.84%) JavaScript
2 1,094 (34.93%) C#
3 887 (28.32%) SQL
4 802 (25.61%) Java
5 565 (18.04%) TypeScript
6 557 (17.78%) Python
7 356 (11.37%) PHP
8 274 (8.75%) C++
9 165 (5.27%) T-SQL
10 148 (4.73%) Go
11 144 (4.60%) Kotlin
12 125 (3.99%) PowerShell
13 124 (3.96%) Scala
14 116 (3.70%) Bash
15 114 (3.64%) Ruby
16 101 (3.22%) Java 8
17 99 (3.16%) PHP 7
18 98 (3.13%) C
19 97 (3.10%) ES6
20 53 (1.69%) Rust
Qualifications
1 371 (11.85%) Degree
2 125 (3.99%) Computer Science Degree
3 100 (3.19%) HND
4 38 (1.21%) Master's Degree
5 33 (1.05%) Security Cleared
6 31 (0.99%) HNC
7 28 (0.89%) SC Cleared
8 26 (0.83%) Microsoft Certification
9 12 (0.38%) OCP
9 12 (0.38%) Oracle Certification
10 7 (0.22%) PMI Certification
11 5 (0.16%) DV Cleared
12 3 (0.096%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.096%) MCSE
12 3 (0.096%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 2 (0.064%) CCNA
13 2 (0.064%) CCNP
13 2 (0.064%) Cisco Certification
13 2 (0.064%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 2 (0.064%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 423 (13.51%) QA
2 60 (1.92%) Accessibility
3 30 (0.96%) WCAG
4 20 (0.64%) SLA
5 18 (0.57%) GDPR
6 17 (0.54%) ISO 13485
7 16 (0.51%) PCI DSS
8 15 (0.48%) IEC 62304
9 11 (0.35%) Data Quality
10 8 (0.26%) PSD2
11 4 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 4 (0.13%) PMO
12 3 (0.096%) ISO 26262
12 3 (0.096%) ISO 9001
12 3 (0.096%) MISRA
12 3 (0.096%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 2 (0.064%) PA-DSS
14 1 (0.032%) HIPAA
14 1 (0.032%) HL7
System Software
1 771 (24.62%) Docker
2 14 (0.45%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 14 (0.45%) Varnish
2 14 (0.45%) VirtualBox
3 13 (0.42%) HDFS
4 12 (0.38%) Firmware
5 8 (0.26%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.096%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.064%) LXC
8 1 (0.032%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.032%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 600 (19.16%) Kubernetes
2 266 (8.49%) Terraform
3 126 (4.02%) Grafana
4 61 (1.95%) Ansible
5 52 (1.66%) Opscode Chef
6 40 (1.28%) Kibana
7 25 (0.80%) logstash
7 25 (0.80%) Opsgenie
8 23 (0.73%) Prometheus
8 23 (0.73%) Puppet
9 21 (0.67%) Hadoop YARN
10 20 (0.64%) HAProxy
10 20 (0.64%) Pingdom
10 20 (0.64%) ZABBIX
11 17 (0.54%) MIIS
12 14 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
13 8 (0.26%) Graphite
13 8 (0.26%) ITRS Geneos
14 7 (0.22%) Mesos
14 7 (0.22%) Rancher
Vendors
1 388 (12.39%) Microsoft
2 263 (8.40%) Google
3 110 (3.51%) Oracle
4 73 (2.33%) Salesforce.com
5 47 (1.50%) Databricks
6 42 (1.34%) Atlassian
7 40 (1.28%) Apple
8 39 (1.25%) SAP
9 34 (1.09%) Dell
10 32 (1.02%) WooCommerce
11 28 (0.89%) MuleSoft
12 27 (0.86%) Cloudera
12 27 (0.86%) Hortonworks
13 25 (0.80%) New Relic
14 21 (0.67%) Zend
15 20 (0.64%) Sun
16 19 (0.61%) Bloomberg
17 18 (0.57%) Alteryx
18 17 (0.54%) Rackspace
19 16 (0.51%) Murex