Period
to 19 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 19 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 137 120 109
Rank change year-on-year -17 -11 +24
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 3,504 4,553 4,793
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.60% 2.80% 2.87%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.82% 3.05% 3.12%
Number of salaries quoted 2,993 3,807 4,058
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -5.00%
10th Percentile £33,000 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £75,500 £73,750
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 124,250 149,429 153,772
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.02% 91.90% 91.97%
Number of salaries quoted 98,646 120,372 124,789
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.04%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,250 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +3.16%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 19 July 2019.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 19 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 1,392 £67,500 +12.50% 228
South East -4 921 £50,000 +11.11% 150
North of England -82 415 £45,000 - 144
Midlands +6 330 £47,500 +5.56% 102
South West -38 270 £45,000 - 73
North West -37 226 £45,000 - 78
East Midlands +4 173 £47,500 +11.76% 60
East of England -12 160 £52,500 +7.69% 47
Yorkshire -75 159 £45,000 - 25
West Midlands +15 157 £45,000 - 41
North East -24 27 £47,500 +11.76% 41
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 19 July 2019, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,993 (56.88%) Agile Software Development
2 1,791 (51.11%) C#
3 1,606 (45.83%) JavaScript
4 1,589 (45.35%) .NET
5 1,281 (36.56%) SQL
6 1,116 (31.85%) HTML
7 1,096 (31.28%) CSS
8 1,076 (30.71%) TDD
9 965 (27.54%) SQL Server
10 960 (27.40%) Software Engineering
11 902 (25.74%) Git (software)
12 873 (24.91%) MVC
13 850 (24.26%) ASP.NET
14 846 (24.14%) Microsoft
15 816 (23.29%) Scrum
16 794 (22.66%) Java
17 789 (22.52%) AngularJS
18 717 (20.46%) Microsoft Azure
19 656 (18.72%) Continuous Integration
20 650 (18.55%) Finance
21 616 (17.58%) React
22 585 (16.70%) Test Automation
23 556 (15.87%) .NET Framework
24 538 (15.35%) Degree
25 526 (15.01%) OO
26 525 (14.98%) DevOps
27 522 (14.90%) ASP.NET Web API
28 510 (14.55%) Python
29 505 (14.41%) Amazon AWS
30 501 (14.30%) HTML5

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (2.80%) IIS
2 97 (2.77%) Elasticsearch
3 80 (2.28%) Confluence
4 75 (2.14%) Apache
4 75 (2.14%) Umbraco
5 66 (1.88%) CMS
6 47 (1.34%) Tomcat
7 38 (1.08%) nginx
8 36 (1.03%) WordPress
9 32 (0.91%) Apache Spark
10 29 (0.83%) SharePoint
11 24 (0.68%) WebSphere
12 21 (0.60%) OpenStack
13 20 (0.57%) CICS
14 19 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
15 18 (0.51%) Apache Solr
16 15 (0.43%) NServiceBus
16 15 (0.43%) Sitecore CMS
17 14 (0.40%) CloudStack
18 12 (0.34%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 39 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 27 (0.77%) Chatbot
3 20 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.37%) Photoshop
5 12 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.26%) MS Visio
7 8 (0.23%) Sketch
8 7 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 4 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
10 3 (0.086%) Notepad++
10 3 (0.086%) Simulink
11 2 (0.057%) HipChat
12 1 (0.029%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.029%) Adobe XD
12 1 (0.029%) Figma
12 1 (0.029%) InDesign
12 1 (0.029%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 68 (1.94%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.66%) SAP S/4HANA
3 20 (0.57%) Magento
4 8 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
4 8 (0.23%) Fredhopper
4 8 (0.23%) SAP BPC
4 8 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
5 7 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
5 7 (0.20%) Shopify
6 6 (0.17%) SAP ERP
7 5 (0.14%) R3 Corda
8 3 (0.086%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.086%) Primavera
8 3 (0.086%) SAP PS
9 1 (0.029%) JDE EnterpriseOne
9 1 (0.029%) Oracle BRM
9 1 (0.029%) SAP HR
Cloud Services
1 717 (20.46%) Microsoft Azure
2 505 (14.41%) Amazon AWS
3 149 (4.25%) GitHub
4 132 (3.77%) Google Cloud Platform
5 124 (3.54%) Serverless
6 99 (2.83%) SaaS
7 92 (2.63%) npm
8 71 (2.03%) AWS CloudFormation
9 62 (1.77%) AWS Lambda
10 53 (1.51%) Power Platform
11 42 (1.20%) PaaS
12 30 (0.86%) Dynamics 365
13 20 (0.57%) Azure Stack
14 19 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
14 19 (0.54%) Google Play
15 18 (0.51%) Amazon SQS
15 18 (0.51%) Google Compute Engine
16 17 (0.49%) Amazon EC2
16 17 (0.49%) OpenShift
17 16 (0.46%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 52 (1.48%) HTTP
2 40 (1.14%) Internet
3 39 (1.11%) TCP/IP
4 25 (0.71%) Broadband
5 23 (0.66%) FTP
6 18 (0.51%) Modbus
6 18 (0.51%) RS-485
7 17 (0.49%) SSH
8 15 (0.43%) MQTT
8 15 (0.43%) SMTP
9 14 (0.40%) Bluetooth
10 13 (0.37%) VPN
11 9 (0.26%) Wi-Fi
12 7 (0.20%) DLNA
12 7 (0.20%) DNS
12 7 (0.20%) Firewall
12 7 (0.20%) UPnP
13 6 (0.17%) RTP
14 5 (0.14%) IPFS
14 5 (0.14%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 965 (27.54%) SQL Server
2 331 (9.45%) MySQL
3 245 (6.99%) Relational Database
4 206 (5.88%) NoSQL
5 144 (4.11%) MongoDB
6 136 (3.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 129 (3.68%) Big Data
7 129 (3.68%) Redis
8 123 (3.51%) Data Warehouse
9 121 (3.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 95 (2.71%) PostgreSQL
11 78 (2.23%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 74 (2.11%) Apache Cassandra
12 74 (2.11%) RDBMS
13 73 (2.08%) Hadoop
14 66 (1.88%) SQL Server 2012
15 58 (1.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 51 (1.46%) Oracle Database
17 49 (1.40%) SQL Server 2008
18 47 (1.34%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 902 (25.74%) Git (software)
2 312 (8.90%) Visual Studio
3 292 (8.33%) JIRA
4 260 (7.42%) Team Foundation Server
5 235 (6.71%) Selenium
6 218 (6.22%) Jenkins
7 202 (5.76%) NUnit
8 168 (4.79%) TeamCity
9 164 (4.68%) JUnit
10 142 (4.05%) Subversion
11 139 (3.97%) webpack
12 113 (3.22%) Jasmine
13 98 (2.80%) Octopus Deploy
14 97 (2.77%) SpecFlow
14 97 (2.77%) Visual Studio Team System
15 94 (2.68%) Maven
16 93 (2.65%) Bitbucket
17 92 (2.63%) Mocha
18 91 (2.60%) Moq
19 90 (2.57%) MSTest
General
1 650 (18.55%) Finance
2 214 (6.11%) Retail
3 123 (3.51%) Marketing
4 120 (3.42%) Banking
5 82 (2.34%) Manufacturing
6 76 (2.17%) Advertising
7 75 (2.14%) Games
8 57 (1.63%) Telecoms
9 50 (1.43%) Electronics
10 35 (1.00%) Legal
11 34 (0.97%) Law
12 33 (0.94%) Front Office
13 28 (0.80%) Automotive
14 26 (0.74%) Financial Institution
15 20 (0.57%) Local Government
16 19 (0.54%) Back Office
17 14 (0.40%) Aerospace
17 14 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
18 12 (0.34%) Publishing
19 7 (0.20%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,481 (70.80%) Developer
2 693 (19.78%) .NET Developer
3 643 (18.35%) C# Developer
4 485 (13.84%) Senior Developer
5 415 (11.84%) C# .NET Developer
6 403 (11.50%) Software Engineer
7 334 (9.53%) Java Developer
8 320 (9.13%) Software Developer
9 179 (5.11%) Full Stack Developer
10 169 (4.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 166 (4.74%) JavaScript Developer
12 163 (4.65%) PHP Developer
13 156 (4.45%) Lead Developer
14 153 (4.37%) Senior .NET Developer
15 139 (3.97%) C# Software Developer
16 136 (3.88%) ASP.NET Developer
17 134 (3.82%) Java Engineer
18 131 (3.74%) Junior
19 128 (3.65%) C# ASP.NET Developer
20 122 (3.48%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,589 (45.35%) .NET
2 1,116 (31.85%) HTML
3 1,096 (31.28%) CSS
4 850 (24.26%) ASP.NET
5 789 (22.52%) AngularJS
6 616 (17.58%) React
7 556 (15.87%) .NET Framework
8 522 (14.90%) ASP.NET Web API
9 501 (14.30%) HTML5
10 468 (13.36%) jQuery
11 457 (13.04%) REST
12 454 (12.96%) ASP.NET MVC
13 421 (12.01%) Web Services
14 409 (11.67%) Node.js
15 369 (10.53%) RESTful
16 320 (9.13%) .NET Core
17 305 (8.70%) Entity Framework
18 277 (7.91%) CSS3
19 255 (7.28%) Spring
20 243 (6.93%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 311 (8.88%) User Experience
2 209 (5.96%) Greenfield Project
3 186 (5.31%) Analytical Skills
4 168 (4.79%) Algorithms
5 130 (3.71%) Mobile App
6 129 (3.68%) Enterprise Software
7 126 (3.60%) Self-Motivation
8 112 (3.20%) Data Structures
9 62 (1.77%) Robotics
10 54 (1.54%) Embedded Systems
11 49 (1.40%) Hedge funds
12 47 (1.34%) Virtual Team
13 42 (1.20%) Blog
13 42 (1.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 42 (1.20%) Linux Command Line
14 34 (0.97%) Equities
14 34 (0.97%) Fixed Income
15 30 (0.86%) Client/Server
15 30 (0.86%) Data Centre
16 29 (0.83%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 407 (11.62%) Linux
2 403 (11.50%) Windows
3 190 (5.42%) Apple iOS
4 189 (5.39%) Android
5 69 (1.97%) Unix
6 64 (1.83%) Windows Server
7 43 (1.23%) Ubuntu
8 25 (0.71%) Mac OS
9 20 (0.57%) MVS
9 20 (0.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 19 (0.54%) Debian
10 19 (0.54%) FreeRTOS
11 18 (0.51%) CentOS
12 9 (0.26%) AIX
13 8 (0.23%) ThreadX
14 6 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
15 4 (0.11%) Windows Mobile
16 3 (0.086%) Embedded Linux
16 3 (0.086%) tvOS
17 2 (0.057%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,993 (56.88%) Agile Software Development
2 1,076 (30.71%) TDD
3 960 (27.40%) Software Engineering
4 873 (24.91%) MVC
5 816 (23.29%) Scrum
6 656 (18.72%) Continuous Integration
7 585 (16.70%) Test Automation
8 526 (15.01%) OO
9 525 (14.98%) DevOps
10 427 (12.19%) BDD
10 427 (12.19%) Microservices
11 404 (11.53%) Problem-Solving
12 398 (11.36%) Web Development
13 357 (10.19%) SDLC
14 351 (10.02%) Front End Development
15 350 (9.99%) Computer Science
16 325 (9.28%) Mentoring
17 290 (8.28%) OOP
18 241 (6.88%) Integration Testing
19 236 (6.74%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,791 (51.11%) C#
2 1,606 (45.83%) JavaScript
3 1,281 (36.56%) SQL
4 794 (22.66%) Java
5 510 (14.55%) Python
6 311 (8.88%) C++
7 304 (8.68%) PHP
8 274 (7.82%) T-SQL
9 247 (7.05%) TypeScript
10 223 (6.36%) C
11 188 (5.37%) ES6
12 109 (3.11%) Java 8
13 96 (2.74%) VB.NET
14 91 (2.60%) PowerShell
15 77 (2.20%) Scala
16 61 (1.74%) Bash Shell
16 61 (1.74%) PL/SQL
17 58 (1.66%) Apple Swift
18 51 (1.46%) Ruby
19 44 (1.26%) Go
Qualifications
1 538 (15.35%) Degree
2 152 (4.34%) Computer Science Degree
3 92 (2.63%) Security Cleared
4 63 (1.80%) SC Cleared
5 51 (1.46%) Microsoft Certification
6 40 (1.14%) Master's Degree
7 39 (1.11%) DV Cleared
8 33 (0.94%) MCP
9 21 (0.60%) ISTQB
10 19 (0.54%) ISEB
11 11 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
11 11 (0.31%) PhD
12 10 (0.29%) DBS Check
13 9 (0.26%) Postgraduate
14 4 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 3 (0.086%) HND
16 2 (0.057%) ITIL Certification
16 2 (0.057%) Sun Certification
17 1 (0.029%) CITP
17 1 (0.029%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 341 (9.73%) QA
2 42 (1.20%) WAI
3 26 (0.74%) DICOM
4 14 (0.40%) IEC 61508
5 11 (0.31%) Data Quality
6 9 (0.26%) GDPR
7 5 (0.14%) EMIR
7 5 (0.14%) HL7
7 5 (0.14%) MiFID
8 4 (0.11%) PMO
9 3 (0.086%) Dodd-Frank
9 3 (0.086%) GAAP
9 3 (0.086%) SLA
10 2 (0.057%) MISRA
10 2 (0.057%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.057%) Solvency II
11 1 (0.029%) ISO 26262
11 1 (0.029%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 1 (0.029%) NCSC
11 1 (0.029%) WCAG
System Software
1 356 (10.16%) Docker
2 38 (1.08%) Active Directory
3 27 (0.77%) Firmware
4 24 (0.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 8 (0.23%) VirtualBox
6 7 (0.20%) Varnish
7 5 (0.14%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
8 4 (0.11%) vSphere
9 3 (0.086%) Hyper-V
9 3 (0.086%) Terminal Server
9 3 (0.086%) VMware Infrastructure
10 1 (0.029%) LXC
10 1 (0.029%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.029%) Xen
10 1 (0.029%) zsh
Systems Management
1 198 (5.65%) Kubernetes
2 67 (1.91%) Ansible
3 63 (1.80%) Terraform
4 26 (0.74%) Opscode Chef
5 25 (0.71%) HP Quality Center
6 24 (0.68%) Puppet
7 20 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
8 16 (0.46%) Packer
9 9 (0.26%) Rancher
10 8 (0.23%) CA Service Virtualization
11 6 (0.17%) SCOM
11 6 (0.17%) SQL Sentry
11 6 (0.17%) Tivoli
12 4 (0.11%) Control-M
13 3 (0.086%) Icinga
13 3 (0.086%) Prometheus
13 3 (0.086%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.086%) ZABBIX
14 2 (0.057%) Business Desktop Deployment
14 2 (0.057%) Kibana
Vendors
1 846 (24.14%) Microsoft
2 153 (4.37%) Google
3 152 (4.34%) Oracle
4 89 (2.54%) SAP
5 52 (1.48%) Zend
6 51 (1.46%) Sitecore
7 50 (1.43%) Tableau
8 46 (1.31%) Xamarin
9 41 (1.17%) Atlassian
10 29 (0.83%) Salesforce.com
11 28 (0.80%) Adobe
11 28 (0.80%) Cypress Semiconductor
12 27 (0.77%) IBM
13 26 (0.74%) ForgeRock
14 21 (0.60%) Pega
15 15 (0.43%) Apple
15 15 (0.43%) Fidessa
15 15 (0.43%) hybris
15 15 (0.43%) Informatica
15 15 (0.43%) Rackspace