Period
to 24 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 24 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
24 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 113 119 129
Rank change year-on-year +6 +10 +11
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 4,620 4,383 5,150
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.82% 2.64% 2.59%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.14% 2.95% 2.92%
Number of salaries quoted 3,980 3,934 4,577
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,950 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £72,500 £72,500 £70,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 147,304 148,409 176,388
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 89.85% 89.54% 88.85%
Number of salaries quoted 120,843 123,123 147,688
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,500 £27,750
90th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 24 February 2018.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 24 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +11 1,796 £57,500 -4.17% 266
South East +8 1,059 £47,500 - 107
North of England -15 607 £44,000 +10.00% 145
Midlands +33 496 £42,500 +6.25% 91
East of England +7 379 £50,000 +5.26% 66
North West -39 311 £45,000 +5.88% 81
South West -29 286 £45,000 +12.50% 47
Yorkshire +20 258 £45,000 +12.50% 53
East Midlands +38 250 £43,000 +14.67% 56
West Midlands +28 246 £40,000 - 35
North East -26 38 £31,250 +38.89% 11
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 24 February 2018, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,755 (59.63%) Agile Software Development
2 2,236 (48.40%) JavaScript
3 2,016 (43.64%) C#
4 1,791 (38.77%) .NET
5 1,753 (37.94%) HTML
6 1,707 (36.95%) SQL
7 1,528 (33.07%) CSS
8 1,443 (31.23%) MVC
9 1,426 (30.87%) TDD
10 1,315 (28.46%) Java
11 1,249 (27.03%) SQL Server
12 1,137 (24.61%) Scrum
13 1,129 (24.44%) AngularJS
14 1,081 (23.40%) Software Engineering
15 1,052 (22.77%) ASP.NET
16 1,042 (22.55%) Git (software)
17 1,009 (21.84%) Test Automation
18 944 (20.43%) Finance
19 931 (20.15%) jQuery
20 891 (19.29%) Web Services
21 883 (19.11%) Continuous Integration
22 802 (17.36%) Degree
23 797 (17.25%) Microsoft
24 781 (16.90%) OO
25 710 (15.37%) RESTful
26 706 (15.28%) HTML5
27 618 (13.38%) Web Development
28 609 (13.18%) ASP.NET MVC
29 607 (13.14%) .NET Framework
30 599 (12.97%) SDLC

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 222 (4.81%) CMS
2 157 (3.40%) Elasticsearch
3 118 (2.55%) Tomcat
4 112 (2.42%) Apache
5 106 (2.29%) IIS
6 77 (1.67%) JBoss
7 73 (1.58%) Umbraco
8 72 (1.56%) Apache Spark
9 61 (1.32%) SharePoint
10 60 (1.30%) Confluence
11 48 (1.04%) Drupal
12 41 (0.89%) OpenStack
12 41 (0.89%) WebSphere
13 40 (0.87%) Apache Solr
14 34 (0.74%) WordPress
15 33 (0.71%) WebLogic
16 28 (0.61%) Jetty
17 27 (0.58%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 25 (0.54%) WebSphere Application Server
19 24 (0.52%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 98 (2.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 59 (1.28%) Microsoft Office
3 28 (0.61%) Photoshop
4 9 (0.19%) Simulink
5 8 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 7 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
7 5 (0.11%) Doxygen
7 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.065%) EngageOne
9 2 (0.043%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.043%) S-PLUS
9 2 (0.043%) XMetaL
10 1 (0.022%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 44 (0.95%) Dynamics CRM
2 27 (0.58%) Distributed Ledger
3 18 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
4 16 (0.35%) Dynamics GP
5 14 (0.30%) Payment Gateway
6 13 (0.28%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 11 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
8 8 (0.17%) NetSuite
9 7 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
9 7 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
10 6 (0.13%) Magento
11 4 (0.087%) SAP S/4HANA
12 3 (0.065%) BusinessWorks
12 3 (0.065%) Exstream
12 3 (0.065%) Kondor
12 3 (0.065%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
13 2 (0.043%) Oracle EBS R12
14 1 (0.022%) Oracle BPM
14 1 (0.022%) Oracle General Ledger
14 1 (0.022%) Oracle iProcurement
Cloud Services
1 525 (11.36%) Microsoft Azure
2 492 (10.65%) Amazon AWS
3 159 (3.44%) GitHub
4 155 (3.35%) SaaS
5 105 (2.27%) npm
6 52 (1.13%) Serverless
7 49 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
8 45 (0.97%) Amazon S3
9 42 (0.91%) PaaS
10 39 (0.84%) Amazon EC2
11 32 (0.69%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 30 (0.65%) Google Cloud Platform
13 26 (0.56%) AWS CloudFormation
14 24 (0.52%) Heroku
15 23 (0.50%) Slack
16 21 (0.45%) AWS Lambda
16 21 (0.45%) Trello
17 20 (0.43%) IaaS
18 19 (0.41%) Office 365
19 16 (0.35%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 99 (2.14%) Internet
2 88 (1.90%) HTTP
3 54 (1.17%) TCP/IP
4 39 (0.84%) Intranet
5 28 (0.61%) Firewall
6 25 (0.54%) DNS
7 18 (0.39%) SSL
8 16 (0.35%) Broadband
8 16 (0.35%) FTP
8 16 (0.35%) SMPP
8 16 (0.35%) Wireless
9 11 (0.24%) SMS
10 10 (0.22%) Skype
11 6 (0.13%) AMQP
11 6 (0.13%) Unified Communications
11 6 (0.13%) VoIP
11 6 (0.13%) WPA
12 5 (0.11%) DHCP
12 5 (0.11%) HTTPS
12 5 (0.11%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,249 (27.03%) SQL Server
2 479 (10.37%) NoSQL
3 418 (9.05%) MySQL
4 270 (5.84%) Relational Database
5 219 (4.74%) MongoDB
6 179 (3.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 170 (3.68%) PostgreSQL
8 155 (3.35%) Big Data
9 147 (3.18%) Data Warehouse
10 146 (3.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 107 (2.32%) Redis
12 97 (2.10%) SQL Server 2012
13 96 (2.08%) Hadoop
13 96 (2.08%) RDBMS
14 90 (1.95%) Oracle Database
15 83 (1.80%) SQL Server 2008
15 83 (1.80%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 72 (1.56%) Apache Cassandra
17 71 (1.54%) Blockchain
18 67 (1.45%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,042 (22.55%) Git (software)
2 500 (10.82%) Jenkins
3 442 (9.57%) Visual Studio
4 391 (8.46%) Team Foundation Server
5 358 (7.75%) Selenium
6 347 (7.51%) Subversion
7 329 (7.12%) JIRA
8 324 (7.01%) JUnit
9 239 (5.17%) NUnit
10 207 (4.48%) webpack
11 197 (4.26%) TeamCity
12 196 (4.24%) Maven
13 189 (4.09%) gulp
14 163 (3.53%) Grunt
15 157 (3.40%) Cucumber
16 114 (2.47%) Jasmine
17 101 (2.19%) WebDriver
18 98 (2.12%) Mockito
19 90 (1.95%) Moq
20 87 (1.88%) MSTest
General
1 944 (20.43%) Finance
2 247 (5.35%) Retail
3 239 (5.17%) Banking
4 151 (3.27%) Games
5 118 (2.55%) Marketing
6 71 (1.54%) Advertising
6 71 (1.54%) Law
6 71 (1.54%) Telecoms
7 67 (1.45%) Publishing
8 64 (1.39%) Financial Institution
9 63 (1.36%) Front Office
10 59 (1.28%) Investment Banking
11 48 (1.04%) Legal
12 45 (0.97%) Back Office
13 35 (0.76%) Electronics
14 33 (0.71%) Manufacturing
15 28 (0.61%) Automotive
16 22 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
17 21 (0.45%) Retail Banking
18 19 (0.41%) Billing
Job Titles
1 3,536 (76.54%) Developer
2 968 (20.95%) .NET Developer
3 834 (18.05%) C# Developer
4 826 (17.88%) Senior Developer
5 595 (12.88%) Java Developer
6 571 (12.36%) Software Developer
7 502 (10.87%) C# .NET Developer
8 408 (8.83%) Software Engineer
9 304 (6.58%) JavaScript Developer
10 271 (5.87%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 269 (5.82%) ASP.NET Developer
12 267 (5.78%) C# Software Developer
13 253 (5.48%) Lead Developer
14 245 (5.30%) SQL Developer
15 228 (4.94%) C# ASP.NET Developer
16 227 (4.91%) Senior .NET Developer
17 217 (4.70%) Full Stack Developer
18 213 (4.61%) Web Developer
19 208 (4.50%) .NET Software Developer
20 201 (4.35%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,791 (38.77%) .NET
2 1,753 (37.94%) HTML
3 1,528 (33.07%) CSS
4 1,129 (24.44%) AngularJS
5 1,052 (22.77%) ASP.NET
6 931 (20.15%) jQuery
7 891 (19.29%) Web Services
8 710 (15.37%) RESTful
9 706 (15.28%) HTML5
10 609 (13.18%) ASP.NET MVC
11 607 (13.14%) .NET Framework
12 588 (12.73%) REST
13 538 (11.65%) ASP.NET Web API
14 517 (11.19%) React
15 477 (10.32%) Spring
16 461 (9.98%) WCF
17 427 (9.24%) Node.js
18 417 (9.03%) CSS3
19 401 (8.68%) XML
20 373 (8.07%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 501 (10.84%) Computer Science
2 418 (9.05%) User Experience
3 305 (6.60%) Analytical Skills
4 244 (5.28%) Greenfield Project
5 234 (5.06%) Mobile App
6 215 (4.65%) Fintech
7 203 (4.39%) Enterprise Software
8 119 (2.58%) Algorithms
9 97 (2.10%) Management Information System
10 70 (1.52%) N-Tier
11 62 (1.34%) Client/Server
12 50 (1.08%) Data Structures
13 44 (0.95%) Social Media
14 43 (0.93%) BBC
15 40 (0.87%) Linux Command Line
16 35 (0.76%) Hedge funds
17 31 (0.67%) iPhone
18 29 (0.63%) Market Risk
19 27 (0.58%) Equities
19 27 (0.58%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 453 (9.81%) Linux
2 361 (7.81%) Windows
3 220 (4.76%) Android
4 212 (4.59%) Unix
5 199 (4.31%) Apple iOS
6 33 (0.71%) Windows Server
7 14 (0.30%) Mac OS X
8 10 (0.22%) Ubuntu
9 9 (0.19%) Mac OS
9 9 (0.19%) Nucleus RTOS
10 6 (0.13%) CentOS
10 6 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
11 5 (0.11%) FreeRTOS
11 5 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 5 (0.11%) SafeRTOS
11 5 (0.11%) Solaris
11 5 (0.11%) Windows Embedded Compact
12 4 (0.087%) Windows Server 2012
13 3 (0.065%) Windows 10
13 3 (0.065%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,755 (59.63%) Agile Software Development
2 1,443 (31.23%) MVC
3 1,426 (30.87%) TDD
4 1,137 (24.61%) Scrum
5 1,081 (23.40%) Software Engineering
6 1,009 (21.84%) Test Automation
7 883 (19.11%) Continuous Integration
8 781 (16.90%) OO
9 618 (13.38%) Web Development
10 599 (12.97%) SDLC
11 564 (12.21%) BDD
12 467 (10.11%) Front End Development
13 426 (9.22%) Microservices
14 418 (9.05%) OOP
15 397 (8.59%) Mentoring
16 364 (7.88%) DevOps
17 303 (6.56%) E-Commerce
18 285 (6.17%) Analytics
19 274 (5.93%) Integration Testing
20 264 (5.71%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 2,236 (48.40%) JavaScript
2 2,016 (43.64%) C#
3 1,707 (36.95%) SQL
4 1,315 (28.46%) Java
5 442 (9.57%) Python
6 416 (9.00%) T-SQL
7 376 (8.14%) PHP
8 350 (7.58%) C++
9 180 (3.90%) C
10 179 (3.87%) Scala
11 147 (3.18%) TypeScript
12 132 (2.86%) Bash Shell
13 131 (2.84%) Ruby
14 130 (2.81%) VB.NET
15 122 (2.64%) ES6
16 107 (2.32%) Objective-C
17 103 (2.23%) PL/SQL
18 89 (1.93%) Apple Swift
19 85 (1.84%) PowerShell
20 63 (1.36%) Go
Qualifications
1 802 (17.36%) Degree
2 232 (5.02%) Computer Science Degree
3 67 (1.45%) Security Cleared
4 47 (1.02%) ISEB
4 47 (1.02%) ISTQB
5 32 (0.69%) Microsoft Certification
6 31 (0.67%) Sun Certification
7 26 (0.56%) Master's Degree
8 25 (0.54%) DV Cleared
8 25 (0.54%) SC Cleared
9 17 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
10 13 (0.28%) PMI Certification
11 11 (0.24%) HND
11 11 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 10 (0.22%) AWS Certification
13 9 (0.19%) MCP
14 6 (0.13%) Postgraduate
15 4 (0.087%) DBS Check
15 4 (0.087%) MCSD
15 4 (0.087%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 562 (12.16%) QA
2 23 (0.50%) WCAG
3 14 (0.30%) PCI DSS
4 13 (0.28%) MiFID
4 13 (0.28%) PSD2
5 12 (0.26%) EMIR
5 12 (0.26%) MISRA
6 11 (0.24%) IEC 62304
6 11 (0.24%) MISRA C
6 11 (0.24%) Web Application Security Consortium
7 10 (0.22%) ISO 9001
8 8 (0.17%) IEC 61508
9 7 (0.15%) SLA
10 5 (0.11%) ISO 13485
11 4 (0.087%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 4 (0.087%) PMO
11 4 (0.087%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.065%) Data Quality
12 3 (0.065%) Dodd-Frank
12 3 (0.065%) GAMP
System Software
1 299 (6.47%) Docker
2 30 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
3 22 (0.48%) Firmware
4 17 (0.37%) Active Directory
5 10 (0.22%) HDFS
6 7 (0.15%) Apache Flume
7 4 (0.087%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 4 (0.087%) VirtualBox
8 3 (0.065%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.043%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.043%) KVM
9 2 (0.043%) Samba
9 2 (0.043%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 2 (0.043%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.022%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 103 (2.23%) Ansible
2 100 (2.16%) Puppet
3 85 (1.84%) Opscode Chef
4 56 (1.21%) Terraform
5 45 (0.97%) Kubernetes
6 29 (0.63%) Kibana
7 24 (0.52%) Packer
8 20 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
9 19 (0.41%) Marathon
10 18 (0.39%) logstash
11 17 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
11 17 (0.37%) HP ALM
12 13 (0.28%) HP Quality Center
13 8 (0.17%) Salt
14 6 (0.13%) Grafana
14 6 (0.13%) StatsD
15 4 (0.087%) Endace
15 4 (0.087%) HP Data Protector
15 4 (0.087%) Mesos
16 3 (0.065%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 797 (17.25%) Microsoft
2 389 (8.42%) Oracle
3 166 (3.59%) Google
4 73 (1.58%) IBM
5 71 (1.54%) Zend
6 67 (1.45%) Apple
7 63 (1.36%) Xamarin
8 62 (1.34%) Capita
9 60 (1.30%) Twitter
10 45 (0.97%) SAP
10 45 (0.97%) Sitecore
11 42 (0.91%) Sony
12 35 (0.76%) Tableau
13 34 (0.74%) Salesforce.com
14 33 (0.71%) VMware
15 32 (0.69%) Facebook
16 30 (0.65%) HP
17 25 (0.54%) RedGate
18 23 (0.50%) Adobe
19 22 (0.48%) Cognos