Period
to 26 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 26 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
26 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 116 106 128
Rank change year-on-year -10 +22 -2
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 4,551 4,567 4,930
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.80% 2.84% 2.61%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.08% 3.14% 2.90%
Number of salaries quoted 3,826 3,986 4,338
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £72,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 147,643 145,537 169,949
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 90.76% 90.51% 90.02%
Number of salaries quoted 119,461 120,178 142,948
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +3.26%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 26 May 2018.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 26 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -10 1,720 £60,000 - 272
South East +13 1,087 £46,500 +3.33% 127
North of England -5 700 £45,000 +12.50% 144
Midlands -3 403 £44,500 +7.23% 87
North West -26 357 £45,000 +12.50% 84
South West -24 341 £47,000 +17.50% 84
East of England -8 293 £50,000 +5.26% 62
Yorkshire +41 287 £45,000 +12.50% 42
East Midlands +29 210 £42,500 - 43
West Midlands -30 193 £45,000 +12.50% 44
North East -25 56 £40,500 +15.71% 18
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 26 May 2018, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2,696 (59.24%) Agile Software Development
2 2,203 (48.41%) C#
3 2,176 (47.81%) JavaScript
4 1,903 (41.81%) .NET
5 1,760 (38.67%) HTML
6 1,754 (38.54%) SQL
7 1,583 (34.78%) CSS
8 1,480 (32.52%) MVC
9 1,431 (31.44%) TDD
10 1,229 (27.01%) SQL Server
11 1,212 (26.63%) Java
12 1,169 (25.69%) AngularJS
13 1,158 (25.44%) Git (software)
14 1,123 (24.68%) ASP.NET
15 1,094 (24.04%) Scrum
16 1,093 (24.02%) Software Engineering
17 1,021 (22.43%) Continuous Integration
18 958 (21.05%) Test Automation
19 909 (19.97%) jQuery
20 877 (19.27%) Finance
21 873 (19.18%) Web Services
22 839 (18.44%) Microsoft
23 763 (16.77%) Degree
24 712 (15.64%) Microsoft Azure
25 701 (15.40%) ASP.NET MVC
26 684 (15.03%) .NET Framework
27 677 (14.88%) HTML5
28 662 (14.55%) RESTful
29 657 (14.44%) OO
30 607 (13.34%) REST

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 177 (3.89%) CMS
2 157 (3.45%) Apache
3 149 (3.27%) Elasticsearch
4 117 (2.57%) IIS
5 111 (2.44%) Tomcat
6 98 (2.15%) Confluence
7 97 (2.13%) JBoss
8 68 (1.49%) Drupal
9 64 (1.41%) Apache Spark
10 61 (1.34%) SharePoint
11 49 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 41 (0.90%) Umbraco
13 37 (0.81%) NServiceBus
14 34 (0.75%) Apache Solr
15 31 (0.68%) WebLogic
16 28 (0.62%) Sitecore CMS
17 26 (0.57%) Jetty
17 26 (0.57%) WordPress
18 24 (0.53%) nginx
19 23 (0.51%) WildFly
Applications
1 96 (2.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 30 (0.66%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (0.46%) Photoshop
4 8 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 8 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
5 4 (0.088%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.066%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.044%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.044%) Simulink
7 2 (0.044%) S-PLUS
8 1 (0.022%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.022%) Fireworks
8 1 (0.022%) LibreOffice
8 1 (0.022%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 37 (0.81%) Distributed Ledger
2 25 (0.55%) Dynamics CRM
3 21 (0.46%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 13 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
5 10 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
5 10 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
6 9 (0.20%) NetSuite
6 9 (0.20%) Oracle AGIS
6 9 (0.20%) Oracle Assets
6 9 (0.20%) Oracle Financials
6 9 (0.20%) Oracle General Ledger
6 9 (0.20%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 9 (0.20%) Oracle iProcurement
6 9 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
6 9 (0.20%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 9 (0.20%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 9 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.13%) Magento
8 5 (0.11%) Dynamics GP
8 5 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 712 (15.64%) Microsoft Azure
2 498 (10.94%) Amazon AWS
3 188 (4.13%) GitHub
4 175 (3.85%) SaaS
5 155 (3.41%) npm
6 60 (1.32%) Serverless
7 56 (1.23%) Google Cloud Platform
8 53 (1.16%) PaaS
9 42 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
10 37 (0.81%) Slack
11 35 (0.77%) Trello
12 33 (0.73%) IaaS
13 32 (0.70%) AWS Lambda
14 30 (0.66%) AWS CloudFormation
15 27 (0.59%) IBM Cloud
16 26 (0.57%) Cloudflare
17 23 (0.51%) Heroku
17 23 (0.51%) NuGet
18 22 (0.48%) Amazon S3
19 20 (0.44%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 124 (2.72%) HTTP
2 76 (1.67%) TCP/IP
3 62 (1.36%) Internet
4 45 (0.99%) SSL
5 36 (0.79%) Intranet
6 31 (0.68%) Broadband
7 22 (0.48%) SMS
8 21 (0.46%) SMPP
9 18 (0.40%) DNS
10 15 (0.33%) Wireless
11 14 (0.31%) WPA
12 13 (0.29%) SSH
13 9 (0.20%) IPsec
13 9 (0.20%) LTE
13 9 (0.20%) SMTP
14 8 (0.18%) Network Security
14 8 (0.18%) VoIP
15 7 (0.15%) FTP
15 7 (0.15%) HTTPS
16 6 (0.13%) 3G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,229 (27.01%) SQL Server
2 460 (10.11%) NoSQL
3 374 (8.22%) MySQL
4 257 (5.65%) Relational Database
5 229 (5.03%) MongoDB
6 171 (3.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 160 (3.52%) PostgreSQL
8 148 (3.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 131 (2.88%) Big Data
10 130 (2.86%) Redis
11 116 (2.55%) Data Warehouse
12 108 (2.37%) SQL Server 2012
13 100 (2.20%) Blockchain
14 96 (2.11%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 91 (2.00%) Hadoop
16 81 (1.78%) SQL Server 2008
17 75 (1.65%) RDBMS
18 74 (1.63%) Apache Cassandra
19 70 (1.54%) Power BI
20 57 (1.25%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 1,158 (25.44%) Git (software)
2 491 (10.79%) Jenkins
3 413 (9.07%) Visual Studio
4 382 (8.39%) JIRA
5 361 (7.93%) Selenium
6 311 (6.83%) Team Foundation Server
7 285 (6.26%) Subversion
8 281 (6.17%) JUnit
9 263 (5.78%) NUnit
10 248 (5.45%) webpack
11 212 (4.66%) gulp
12 209 (4.59%) Maven
13 193 (4.24%) Grunt
14 168 (3.69%) Cucumber
14 168 (3.69%) TeamCity
15 107 (2.35%) Jasmine
16 101 (2.22%) Moq
17 93 (2.04%) WebDriver
18 86 (1.89%) Bitbucket
19 83 (1.82%) MSTest
General
1 877 (19.27%) Finance
2 261 (5.74%) Retail
3 228 (5.01%) Banking
4 153 (3.36%) Games
5 97 (2.13%) Marketing
6 96 (2.11%) Telecoms
7 90 (1.98%) Front Office
8 71 (1.56%) Law
9 60 (1.32%) Investment Banking
10 58 (1.27%) Advertising
11 55 (1.21%) Financial Institution
12 49 (1.08%) Manufacturing
13 47 (1.03%) Legal
14 46 (1.01%) Back Office
15 39 (0.86%) Automotive
16 31 (0.68%) Publishing
17 20 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
18 15 (0.33%) Electronics
19 9 (0.20%) General Ledger
20 8 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 3,413 (74.99%) Developer
2 1,016 (22.32%) .NET Developer
3 885 (19.45%) C# Developer
4 809 (17.78%) Senior Developer
5 600 (13.18%) Software Developer
6 504 (11.07%) Java Developer
7 503 (11.05%) C# .NET Developer
8 452 (9.93%) Software Engineer
9 314 (6.90%) JavaScript Developer
10 294 (6.46%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 279 (6.13%) C# Software Developer
12 269 (5.91%) Senior .NET Developer
13 261 (5.74%) Lead Developer
14 235 (5.16%) SQL Developer
15 216 (4.75%) ASP.NET Developer
16 215 (4.72%) .NET Software Developer
17 211 (4.64%) Full Stack Developer
18 192 (4.22%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 189 (4.15%) Senior C# Developer
20 187 (4.11%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,903 (41.81%) .NET
2 1,760 (38.67%) HTML
3 1,583 (34.78%) CSS
4 1,169 (25.69%) AngularJS
5 1,123 (24.68%) ASP.NET
6 909 (19.97%) jQuery
7 873 (19.18%) Web Services
8 701 (15.40%) ASP.NET MVC
9 684 (15.03%) .NET Framework
10 677 (14.88%) HTML5
11 662 (14.55%) RESTful
12 607 (13.34%) REST
13 578 (12.70%) ASP.NET Web API
14 510 (11.21%) React
15 476 (10.46%) WCF
16 455 (10.00%) Entity Framework
17 444 (9.76%) XML
18 425 (9.34%) Spring
19 387 (8.50%) Node.js
20 385 (8.46%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 482 (10.59%) Computer Science
2 391 (8.59%) User Experience
3 346 (7.60%) Analytical Skills
4 289 (6.35%) Mobile App
5 228 (5.01%) Fintech
6 214 (4.70%) Greenfield Project
7 191 (4.20%) Enterprise Software
8 181 (3.98%) Self-Motivation
9 108 (2.37%) Algorithms
10 98 (2.15%) Management Information System
11 80 (1.76%) Data Structures
12 48 (1.05%) Client/Server
13 44 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
14 42 (0.92%) Equities
15 40 (0.88%) N-Tier
16 36 (0.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 26 (0.57%) Market Risk
18 25 (0.55%) Spread Betting
19 24 (0.53%) Social Media
19 24 (0.53%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 400 (8.79%) Linux
2 380 (8.35%) Windows
3 223 (4.90%) Android
4 178 (3.91%) Apple iOS
5 168 (3.69%) Unix
6 27 (0.59%) Windows Server
7 22 (0.48%) Mac OS
8 14 (0.31%) Nucleus RTOS
9 9 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 8 (0.18%) CentOS
10 8 (0.18%) Ubuntu
11 5 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
11 5 (0.11%) Windows 7
12 3 (0.066%) Solaris
12 3 (0.066%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.066%) zOS
13 2 (0.044%) Windows Mobile
14 1 (0.022%) OpenVMS
14 1 (0.022%) Windows Embedded Compact
14 1 (0.022%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,696 (59.24%) Agile Software Development
2 1,480 (32.52%) MVC
3 1,431 (31.44%) TDD
4 1,094 (24.04%) Scrum
5 1,093 (24.02%) Software Engineering
6 1,021 (22.43%) Continuous Integration
7 958 (21.05%) Test Automation
8 657 (14.44%) OO
9 591 (12.99%) SDLC
10 574 (12.61%) Problem-Solving
11 526 (11.56%) BDD
12 493 (10.83%) Front End Development
13 473 (10.39%) Web Development
14 431 (9.47%) Mentoring
15 403 (8.86%) DevOps
16 385 (8.46%) Microservices
17 327 (7.19%) SOA
18 303 (6.66%) OOP
19 281 (6.17%) E-Commerce
20 277 (6.09%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 2,203 (48.41%) C#
2 2,176 (47.81%) JavaScript
3 1,754 (38.54%) SQL
4 1,212 (26.63%) Java
5 492 (10.81%) Python
6 412 (9.05%) T-SQL
7 350 (7.69%) C++
8 341 (7.49%) PHP
9 156 (3.43%) C
10 140 (3.08%) TypeScript
11 122 (2.68%) Ruby
12 121 (2.66%) Java 8
13 117 (2.57%) VB.NET
14 111 (2.44%) Scala
15 109 (2.40%) Bash Shell
16 96 (2.11%) ES6
17 89 (1.96%) Objective-C
18 80 (1.76%) PowerShell
19 76 (1.67%) PL/SQL
20 71 (1.56%) VB
Qualifications
1 763 (16.77%) Degree
2 229 (5.03%) Computer Science Degree
3 100 (2.20%) Security Cleared
4 52 (1.14%) DV Cleared
5 29 (0.64%) Master's Degree
5 29 (0.64%) SC Cleared
6 28 (0.62%) ISTQB
7 25 (0.55%) Numerate Degree
8 23 (0.51%) ISEB
8 23 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
9 16 (0.35%) AWS Certification
10 13 (0.29%) HND
10 13 (0.29%) Sun Certification
11 10 (0.22%) PMI Certification
12 8 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
13 7 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 7 (0.15%) MCP
13 7 (0.15%) Postgraduate
14 4 (0.088%) DBS Check
14 4 (0.088%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 439 (9.65%) QA
2 29 (0.64%) ISO 9001
2 29 (0.64%) WCAG
3 18 (0.40%) PCI DSS
4 16 (0.35%) PSD2
5 15 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.22%) Web Application Security Consortium
7 8 (0.18%) ARP4754
7 8 (0.18%) GDPR
7 8 (0.18%) PMO
8 6 (0.13%) Data Quality
8 6 (0.13%) EMIR
8 6 (0.13%) MiFID
9 4 (0.088%) GCP
9 4 (0.088%) ISO 13485
9 4 (0.088%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 4 (0.088%) SLA
10 3 (0.066%) Dodd-Frank
10 3 (0.066%) HL7
10 3 (0.066%) MISRA
System Software
1 270 (5.93%) Docker
2 31 (0.68%) Firmware
3 20 (0.44%) VirtualBox
4 11 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.18%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (0.088%) Varnish
8 2 (0.044%) Apache Flume
8 2 (0.044%) HDFS
8 2 (0.044%) LXC
8 2 (0.044%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.022%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 138 (3.03%) Ansible
2 83 (1.82%) Kubernetes
3 67 (1.47%) Puppet
4 66 (1.45%) Opscode Chef
5 52 (1.14%) Terraform
6 19 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
6 19 (0.42%) Marathon
6 19 (0.42%) Single Sign-On
7 12 (0.26%) Kibana
8 11 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
8 11 (0.24%) HP Quality Center
9 10 (0.22%) HockeyApp
10 9 (0.20%) HAProxy
10 9 (0.20%) Icinga
11 8 (0.18%) Packer
11 8 (0.18%) Salt
12 7 (0.15%) SCCM
13 6 (0.13%) HP ALM
13 6 (0.13%) logstash
14 5 (0.11%) Graphite
Vendors
1 839 (18.44%) Microsoft
2 358 (7.87%) Oracle
3 158 (3.47%) Google
4 88 (1.93%) Capita
5 86 (1.89%) Xamarin
6 65 (1.43%) Apple
7 52 (1.14%) Atlassian
8 50 (1.10%) Sitecore
8 50 (1.10%) Tableau
9 47 (1.03%) Salesforce.com
10 43 (0.94%) IBM
10 43 (0.94%) Twitter
11 32 (0.70%) Zend
12 30 (0.66%) SAP
13 28 (0.62%) Adobe
14 27 (0.59%) Sony
15 26 (0.57%) Talend
16 24 (0.53%) Facebook
17 23 (0.51%) HP
18 22 (0.48%) MuleSoft