Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 112 134 129
Rank change year-on-year +22 -5 +17
Permanent jobs citing Unit Testing 4809 4533 5179
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.85% 2.53% 2.53%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.17% 2.83% 2.85%
Number of salaries quoted 4045 4093 4497
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,350 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £72,500 £72,500 £72,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 151759 160141 181584
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 89.91% 89.40% 88.76%
Number of salaries quoted 120765 134253 151176
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £28,750 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +5.56%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Salary trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Salary histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +27 2021 £60,000 - 149
South East +33 1028 £45,000 -5.26% 56
North of England -49 514 £42,500 - 81
Midlands +31 506 £40,500 +1.25% 36
East of England +8 425 £50,000 +5.26% 19
South West +17 313 £42,500 +3.66% 26
North West -68 289 £45,000 +5.88% 50
West Midlands +53 273 £40,000 +6.67% 17
East Midlands +23 233 £42,500 +10.39% 18
Yorkshire -14 199 £41,750 +4.38% 27
North East +2 26 £32,000 -8.57% 4
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 2885 (59.99%) Agile Software Development
2 2366 (49.20%) JavaScript
3 2030 (42.21%) C#
4 1883 (39.16%) .NET
5 1746 (36.31%) HTML
6 1729 (35.95%) SQL
7 1584 (32.94%) MVC
8 1538 (31.98%) Java
9 1522 (31.65%) CSS
10 1461 (30.38%) TDD
11 1407 (29.26%) SQL Server
12 1166 (24.25%) Scrum
13 1162 (24.16%) ASP.NET
14 1160 (24.12%) AngularJS
15 1116 (23.21%) Software Engineering
16 1059 (22.02%) Finance
17 983 (20.44%) Web Services
18 978 (20.34%) Test Automation
19 975 (20.27%) Git (software)
20 945 (19.65%) jQuery
21 899 (18.69%) OO
22 840 (17.47%) Continuous Integration
23 787 (16.37%) Degree
24 779 (16.20%) Microsoft
25 753 (15.66%) RESTful
26 722 (15.01%) HTML5
27 678 (14.10%) ASP.NET MVC
28 666 (13.85%) Web Development
29 639 (13.29%) REST
30 620 (12.89%) Spring

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 256 (5.32%) Tomcat
2 229 (4.76%) CMS
3 170 (3.54%) Apache
3 170 (3.54%) JBoss
4 159 (3.31%) Elasticsearch
5 156 (3.24%) IIS
6 101 (2.10%) Umbraco
7 87 (1.81%) Apache Spark
8 53 (1.10%) Confluence
8 53 (1.10%) SharePoint
9 48 (1.00%) WebSphere
10 38 (0.79%) OpenStack
11 36 (0.75%) Drupal
12 33 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 31 (0.64%) WebSphere Application Server
14 30 (0.62%) nginx
15 25 (0.52%) WebLogic
16 24 (0.50%) Apache Solr
17 23 (0.48%) Jetty
18 22 (0.46%) CoreMedia CMS
Applications
1 83 (1.73%) Microsoft Office
2 75 (1.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 16 (0.33%) Photoshop
4 14 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
5 9 (0.19%) Simulink
6 6 (0.12%) Chatbot
6 6 (0.12%) Doxygen
7 4 (0.083%) EngageOne
8 3 (0.062%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 3 (0.062%) SPSS
9 2 (0.042%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.042%) XMetaL
10 1 (0.021%) Fireworks
10 1 (0.021%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 35 (0.73%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
3 11 (0.23%) Dynamics GP
4 9 (0.19%) Adobe Campaign
4 9 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
4 9 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
4 9 (0.19%) SAP ERP
4 9 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
5 8 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
6 5 (0.10%) Magento
6 5 (0.10%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 5 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 5 (0.10%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 4 (0.083%) Exstream
7 4 (0.083%) Front Arena
8 3 (0.062%) BusinessWorks
8 3 (0.062%) Kondor
8 3 (0.062%) Oracle ERP
8 3 (0.062%) PeopleSoft CRM
9 2 (0.042%) Tradar
Cloud Services
1 446 (9.27%) Amazon AWS
2 426 (8.86%) Microsoft Azure
3 159 (3.31%) SaaS
4 91 (1.89%) GitHub
5 87 (1.81%) npm
6 55 (1.14%) Cloud Computing
7 54 (1.12%) Amazon S3
8 48 (1.00%) Serverless
9 37 (0.77%) Amazon EC2
10 31 (0.64%) Google Play
11 26 (0.54%) Google Cloud Platform
12 25 (0.52%) Google Analytics
13 23 (0.48%) AWS CloudFormation
14 22 (0.46%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 22 (0.46%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 22 (0.46%) Heroku
15 21 (0.44%) Firebase
16 19 (0.40%) AWS Lambda
17 18 (0.37%) Office 365
18 15 (0.31%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 119 (2.47%) Internet
2 81 (1.68%) HTTP
3 56 (1.16%) TCP/IP
4 43 (0.89%) Intranet
5 30 (0.62%) Firewall
6 28 (0.58%) Wireless
7 23 (0.48%) DNS
8 16 (0.33%) Broadband
9 15 (0.31%) SMPP
10 14 (0.29%) FTP
11 13 (0.27%) SSL
12 10 (0.21%) ATM
12 10 (0.21%) Kerberos
13 9 (0.19%) Skype
14 8 (0.17%) Bluetooth
14 8 (0.17%) Ethernet
14 8 (0.17%) SMS
14 8 (0.17%) WAN
15 6 (0.12%) Extranet
15 6 (0.12%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1407 (29.26%) SQL Server
2 424 (8.82%) NoSQL
3 413 (8.59%) MySQL
4 357 (7.42%) Relational Database
5 205 (4.26%) MongoDB
6 182 (3.78%) PostgreSQL
7 181 (3.76%) Big Data
7 181 (3.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 164 (3.41%) Data Warehouse
9 151 (3.14%) SQL Server 2012
10 147 (3.06%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 134 (2.79%) Hadoop
12 128 (2.66%) Apache Cassandra
13 111 (2.31%) RDBMS
14 105 (2.18%) SQL Server 2008
15 97 (2.02%) Redis
16 93 (1.93%) Oracle Database
17 83 (1.73%) SQL Server 2016
18 61 (1.27%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 58 (1.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 975 (20.27%) Git (software)
2 491 (10.21%) Jenkins
3 470 (9.77%) Visual Studio
4 458 (9.52%) JUnit
5 418 (8.69%) Subversion
5 418 (8.69%) Team Foundation Server
6 399 (8.30%) JIRA
7 371 (7.71%) Selenium
8 338 (7.03%) Maven
9 298 (6.20%) NUnit
10 247 (5.14%) TeamCity
11 176 (3.66%) Mockito
12 156 (3.24%) Cucumber
13 148 (3.08%) Jasmine
14 135 (2.81%) gulp
15 134 (2.79%) webpack
16 100 (2.08%) Grunt
17 98 (2.04%) Moq
18 94 (1.95%) WebDriver
19 88 (1.83%) Gradle
General
1 1059 (22.02%) Finance
2 387 (8.05%) Banking
3 220 (4.57%) Investment Banking
4 215 (4.47%) Retail
5 202 (4.20%) Marketing
6 189 (3.93%) Retail Banking
7 159 (3.31%) Publishing
8 133 (2.77%) Games
9 63 (1.31%) Law
10 62 (1.29%) Electronics
10 62 (1.29%) Telecoms
11 59 (1.23%) Advertising
11 59 (1.23%) Legal
12 54 (1.12%) Back Office
13 53 (1.10%) Financial Institution
13 53 (1.10%) Front Office
14 48 (1.00%) Manufacturing
15 40 (0.83%) Pharmaceutical
16 22 (0.46%) Automotive
17 20 (0.42%) Billing
Job Titles
1 3687 (76.67%) Developer
2 1062 (22.08%) .NET Developer
3 912 (18.96%) Senior Developer
4 871 (18.11%) C# Developer
5 789 (16.41%) Java Developer
6 590 (12.27%) C# .NET Developer
7 549 (11.42%) Software Developer
8 422 (8.78%) Software Engineer
9 364 (7.57%) ASP.NET Developer
10 323 (6.72%) JavaScript Developer
11 297 (6.18%) C# ASP.NET Developer
12 267 (5.55%) Senior Java Developer
13 251 (5.22%) SQL Developer
14 247 (5.14%) Senior .NET Developer
15 242 (5.03%) Web Developer
16 236 (4.91%) Full Stack Developer
17 233 (4.85%) C# Software Developer
18 232 (4.82%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 218 (4.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
20 212 (4.41%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1883 (39.16%) .NET
2 1746 (36.31%) HTML
3 1522 (31.65%) CSS
4 1162 (24.16%) ASP.NET
5 1160 (24.12%) AngularJS
6 983 (20.44%) Web Services
7 945 (19.65%) jQuery
8 753 (15.66%) RESTful
9 722 (15.01%) HTML5
10 678 (14.10%) ASP.NET MVC
11 639 (13.29%) REST
12 620 (12.89%) Spring
13 583 (12.12%) .NET Framework
14 580 (12.06%) ASP.NET Web API
15 517 (10.75%) React
16 480 (9.98%) WCF
17 440 (9.15%) CSS3
18 420 (8.73%) Node.js
19 417 (8.67%) XML
20 378 (7.86%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 557 (11.58%) Computer Science
2 455 (9.46%) User Experience
3 322 (6.70%) Analytical Skills
4 288 (5.99%) Greenfield Project
5 247 (5.14%) Mobile App
6 178 (3.70%) Enterprise Software
7 155 (3.22%) Algorithms
8 117 (2.43%) Fintech
9 106 (2.20%) Data Structures
10 81 (1.68%) N-Tier
11 70 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
12 66 (1.37%) Client/Server
13 65 (1.35%) Equities
14 50 (1.04%) Hedge funds
15 46 (0.96%) Management Information System
16 42 (0.87%) BBC
17 40 (0.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 39 (0.81%) Social Media
19 33 (0.69%) iPad
20 27 (0.56%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 596 (12.39%) Linux
2 515 (10.71%) Windows
3 297 (6.18%) Unix
4 263 (5.47%) Android
5 244 (5.07%) Apple iOS
6 42 (0.87%) Windows Server
7 20 (0.42%) Mac OS X
8 18 (0.37%) Ubuntu
9 13 (0.27%) Debian
9 13 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
10 11 (0.23%) Windows Embedded Compact
10 11 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
11 9 (0.19%) CentOS
11 9 (0.19%) Mac OS
12 8 (0.17%) Solaris
13 7 (0.15%) Windows Mobile
14 6 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
15 5 (0.10%) AIX
15 5 (0.10%) HPUX
15 5 (0.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2885 (59.99%) Agile Software Development
2 1584 (32.94%) MVC
3 1461 (30.38%) TDD
4 1166 (24.25%) Scrum
5 1116 (23.21%) Software Engineering
6 978 (20.34%) Test Automation
7 899 (18.69%) OO
8 840 (17.47%) Continuous Integration
9 666 (13.85%) Web Development
10 617 (12.83%) BDD
11 532 (11.06%) SDLC
12 439 (9.13%) Front End Development
13 428 (8.90%) OOP
14 345 (7.17%) Mentoring
15 343 (7.13%) Microservices
16 326 (6.78%) E-Commerce
17 322 (6.70%) DevOps
18 285 (5.93%) Multithreading
19 284 (5.91%) Analytics
20 269 (5.59%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 2366 (49.20%) JavaScript
2 2030 (42.21%) C#
3 1729 (35.95%) SQL
4 1538 (31.98%) Java
5 473 (9.84%) Python
6 396 (8.23%) T-SQL
7 376 (7.82%) C++
8 322 (6.70%) PHP
9 224 (4.66%) VB.NET
10 199 (4.14%) C
11 196 (4.08%) Scala
12 194 (4.03%) PL/SQL
13 179 (3.72%) Bash Shell
14 165 (3.43%) ES6
15 162 (3.37%) TypeScript
16 125 (2.60%) Ruby
17 123 (2.56%) Objective-C
18 122 (2.54%) Shell Script
19 102 (2.12%) Apple Swift
20 97 (2.02%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 787 (16.37%) Degree
2 245 (5.09%) Computer Science Degree
3 103 (2.14%) Security Cleared
4 61 (1.27%) ISTQB
5 55 (1.14%) ISEB
6 43 (0.89%) SC Cleared
7 26 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
8 24 (0.50%) Sun Certification
9 23 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
10 19 (0.40%) PhD
11 11 (0.23%) Master's Degree
12 9 (0.19%) DBS Check
12 9 (0.19%) Postgraduate
13 8 (0.17%) AWS Certification
13 8 (0.17%) PMI Certification
14 6 (0.12%) DV Cleared
14 6 (0.12%) MCP
15 5 (0.10%) HND
15 5 (0.10%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 4 (0.083%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 584 (12.14%) QA
2 34 (0.71%) SLA
3 21 (0.44%) Disclosure Scotland
4 19 (0.40%) WCAG
5 13 (0.27%) IEC 62304
6 12 (0.25%) MISRA
7 11 (0.23%) ISO 9001
7 11 (0.23%) MISRA C
7 11 (0.23%) PMO
8 9 (0.19%) MiFID
9 8 (0.17%) EMIR
9 8 (0.17%) IEC 61508
10 7 (0.15%) Data Quality
10 7 (0.15%) ISO 13485
11 6 (0.12%) GAMP
11 6 (0.12%) PCI DSS
12 5 (0.10%) ISO 20022
12 5 (0.10%) Web Application Security Consortium
13 4 (0.083%) ECSS
13 4 (0.083%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 281 (5.84%) Docker
2 31 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (0.37%) Active Directory
4 17 (0.35%) Firmware
5 11 (0.23%) HDFS
6 5 (0.10%) Apache Flume
6 5 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 5 (0.10%) Hyper-V
6 5 (0.10%) KVM
6 5 (0.10%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 4 (0.083%) Xen
8 2 (0.042%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.042%) Samba
8 2 (0.042%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.021%) GFS2
9 1 (0.021%) NFS
9 1 (0.021%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.021%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 139 (2.89%) Puppet
2 93 (1.93%) Ansible
3 89 (1.85%) Opscode Chef
4 72 (1.50%) Terraform
5 52 (1.08%) Packer
6 49 (1.02%) Kibana
7 39 (0.81%) HP Quality Center
8 35 (0.73%) logstash
9 29 (0.60%) Kubernetes
10 16 (0.33%) Grafana
10 16 (0.33%) StatsD
11 8 (0.17%) Oozie
12 7 (0.15%) HockeyApp
13 6 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
13 6 (0.12%) Marathon
14 4 (0.083%) Dollar Universe
15 3 (0.062%) Capistrano
15 3 (0.062%) CloudForms
15 3 (0.062%) Nagios
15 3 (0.062%) Rancher
Vendors
1 779 (16.20%) Microsoft
2 482 (10.02%) Oracle
3 178 (3.70%) Google
4 87 (1.81%) IBM
5 82 (1.71%) Zend
6 76 (1.58%) Xamarin
7 71 (1.48%) SAP
8 70 (1.46%) Sybase
9 64 (1.33%) Tableau
10 55 (1.14%) TIBCO
11 51 (1.06%) Perforce
12 43 (0.89%) CA Agile Central
13 42 (0.87%) Apple
14 41 (0.85%) HP
15 38 (0.79%) Twitter
16 35 (0.73%) Sitecore
17 34 (0.71%) VMware
18 29 (0.60%) Adobe
18 29 (0.60%) Sony
19 26 (0.54%) Facebook