Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for CI/CD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CI/CD over the 6 months to 19 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CI/CD
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
19 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 27 27 36
Rank change year-on-year 0 +9 +39
Permanent jobs citing CI/CD 5,943 4,857 2,125
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 7.90% 8.09% 6.34%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.28% 8.61% 6.81%
Number of salaries quoted 3,347 3,562 1,757
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £37,500
25th Percentile £51,250 £45,000 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -
75th Percentile £77,715 £72,500 £66,500
90th Percentile £86,750 £85,000 £75,000
UK median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% -

CI/CD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 71,758 56,396 31,184
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 95.39% 93.91% 93.10%
Number of salaries quoted 42,106 39,384 25,191
10th Percentile £30,500 £30,000 £29,750
25th Percentile £39,619 £37,500 £36,702
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £67,500 £63,250 £61,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%

CI/CD
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing CI/CD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for CI/CD in the UK excluding London

CI/CD
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CI/CD in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for CI/CD in the UK excluding London

CI/CD
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing CI/CD in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 19 August 2022.

Salary histogram for CI/CD in the UK excluding London

CI/CD
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CI/CD within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 19 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
South East -9 1,729 £67,500 +8.00% 109
North of England +13 1,667 £62,500 +5.93% 228
North West +7 931 £65,000 +13.04% 123
South West +4 823 £60,000 +14.29% 99
Yorkshire +17 629 £65,000 +8.33% 71
Midlands -13 629 £65,000 +6.56% 97
Scotland -3 545 £62,500 +8.70% 83
East of England -4 454 £65,000 +4.00% 68
West Midlands -13 454 £67,500 +8.00% 68
East Midlands -5 173 £60,000 +9.09% 29
North East +18 107 £55,750 +11.50% 34
Wales -27 89 £53,000 +6.00% 15
Northern Ireland -26 57 £52,500 -30.00% 7
CI/CD
UK

For the 6 months to 19 August 2022, IT jobs citing CI/CD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for CI/CD.

1 3,936 (66.23%) Agile
2 3,040 (51.15%) DevOps
3 2,900 (48.80%) AWS
4 2,734 (46.00%) Azure
5 1,884 (31.70%) Python
6 1,837 (30.91%) Software Engineering
7 1,762 (29.65%) Java
8 1,750 (29.45%) Docker
9 1,670 (28.10%) Kubernetes
10 1,591 (26.77%) JavaScript
11 1,479 (24.89%) Jenkins
12 1,464 (24.63%) C#
13 1,414 (23.79%) Git (software)
14 1,398 (23.52%) TDD
15 1,374 (23.12%) Test Automation
16 1,258 (21.17%) Scrum
17 1,257 (21.15%) .NET
18 1,253 (21.08%) SQL
19 1,230 (20.70%) Finance
20 1,226 (20.63%) React
21 1,218 (20.49%) Terraform
22 1,148 (19.32%) Social Skills
23 1,123 (18.90%) Full Stack Development
24 1,118 (18.81%) Microservices
25 1,109 (18.66%) Continuous Integration
26 1,068 (17.97%) Linux
27 1,012 (17.03%) Infrastructure as Code
28 954 (16.05%) GCP
29 953 (16.04%) Mentoring
30 902 (15.18%) Azure DevOps

CI/CD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 194 (3.26%) Confluence
2 165 (2.78%) Apache Spark
3 124 (2.09%) Apache
4 85 (1.43%) IIS
5 57 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
6 54 (0.91%) Tomcat
7 46 (0.77%) CMS
8 40 (0.67%) JBoss
9 39 (0.66%) BizTalk Server
10 36 (0.61%) nginx
11 35 (0.59%) Apache Airflow
12 28 (0.47%) SharePoint
13 26 (0.44%) GemFire
14 23 (0.39%) OpenStack
15 21 (0.35%) WebLogic
15 21 (0.35%) WebSphere
16 18 (0.30%) Umbraco
17 15 (0.25%) Luigi
17 15 (0.25%) WordPress
18 13 (0.22%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 49 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
2 22 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.19%) Simulink
5 4 (0.067%) Adobe Premiere
6 3 (0.050%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.034%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.017%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.017%) Adobe XD
8 1 (0.017%) InVision
8 1 (0.017%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.017%) Sketch
8 1 (0.017%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 27 (0.45%) Payment Gateway
2 22 (0.37%) Dynamics CRM
3 19 (0.32%) Academy Housing
4 4 (0.067%) SAP MDM
4 4 (0.067%) Summit
5 3 (0.050%) NetSuite
5 3 (0.050%) Oracle BPM
5 3 (0.050%) ProductWriter
6 2 (0.034%) Distributed Ledger
6 2 (0.034%) Eikon
6 2 (0.034%) Magento
6 2 (0.034%) Maximo
6 2 (0.034%) Odoo
6 2 (0.034%) Oracle General Ledger
6 2 (0.034%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 2 (0.034%) thinkFolio
7 1 (0.017%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.017%) Shopify
7 1 (0.017%) SystmOne
Cloud Services
1 2,900 (48.80%) AWS
2 2,734 (46.00%) Azure
3 954 (16.05%) GCP
4 902 (15.18%) Azure DevOps
5 731 (12.30%) Serverless
6 706 (11.88%) GitHub
7 400 (6.73%) AWS CloudFormation
8 379 (6.38%) SaaS
9 346 (5.82%) AWS Lambda
10 303 (5.10%) OpenShift
11 265 (4.46%) PaaS
12 219 (3.69%) Amazon Kinesis
13 203 (3.42%) GitHub Actions
14 182 (3.06%) Azure AKS
15 176 (2.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 163 (2.74%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 159 (2.68%) IaaS
18 150 (2.52%) Cloud Computing
18 150 (2.52%) Power Platform
19 144 (2.42%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 161 (2.71%) Firewall
2 142 (2.39%) Internet
3 81 (1.36%) DNS
4 78 (1.31%) Broadband
5 59 (0.99%) HTTP
6 46 (0.77%) VPN
7 41 (0.69%) LAN
8 40 (0.67%) TCP/IP
9 32 (0.54%) Wireshark
10 31 (0.52%) 5G
11 28 (0.47%) DHCP
12 26 (0.44%) AMQP
12 26 (0.44%) WAN
13 24 (0.40%) HTTPS
13 24 (0.40%) Reverse Proxy
13 24 (0.40%) SNA
14 23 (0.39%) FTP
15 22 (0.37%) SSL
16 19 (0.32%) SMTP
17 17 (0.29%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 590 (9.93%) SQL Server
2 509 (8.56%) NoSQL
3 490 (8.24%) PostgreSQL
4 419 (7.05%) MySQL
5 375 (6.31%) Relational Database
6 287 (4.83%) MongoDB
7 234 (3.94%) Data Lake
8 232 (3.90%) Elasticsearch
9 208 (3.50%) Data Warehouse
10 205 (3.45%) Big Data
11 141 (2.37%) DynamoDB
12 127 (2.14%) Amazon RDS
13 126 (2.12%) Power BI
14 107 (1.80%) Amazon Athena
15 95 (1.60%) Redis
16 89 (1.50%) Apache Cassandra
17 84 (1.41%) Azure SQL Database
18 76 (1.28%) RDBMS
19 73 (1.23%) Star Schema
20 72 (1.21%) Flink
Development Applications
1 1,479 (24.89%) Jenkins
2 1,414 (23.79%) Git (software)
3 639 (10.75%) JIRA
4 486 (8.18%) GitLab
5 351 (5.91%) Selenium
6 278 (4.68%) Octopus Deploy
7 245 (4.12%) TeamCity
8 175 (2.94%) Cucumber
9 154 (2.59%) Artifactory
10 144 (2.42%) Cypress.io
11 143 (2.41%) Maven
12 136 (2.29%) SpecFlow
13 135 (2.27%) Postman
14 133 (2.24%) Subversion
15 120 (2.02%) Bitbucket
16 114 (1.92%) Team Foundation Server
17 104 (1.75%) Visual Studio
18 89 (1.50%) Travis CI
19 86 (1.45%) CircleCI
20 84 (1.41%) Ant
General
1 1,230 (20.70%) Finance
2 1,148 (19.32%) Social Skills
3 566 (9.52%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 363 (6.11%) Banking
5 339 (5.70%) Law
6 312 (5.25%) Public Sector
7 297 (5.00%) Analytical Skills
8 287 (4.83%) Retail
9 229 (3.85%) Manufacturing
10 225 (3.79%) Games
11 217 (3.65%) Legal
12 170 (2.86%) Marketing
13 100 (1.68%) Automotive
14 98 (1.65%) Organisational Skills
15 80 (1.35%) Telecoms
16 66 (1.11%) Presentation Skills
17 56 (0.94%) Advertising
18 55 (0.93%) Electronics
19 50 (0.84%) Tech for Good
20 45 (0.76%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,758 (29.58%) Developer
2 852 (14.34%) Software Engineer
3 820 (13.80%) DevOps Engineer
4 506 (8.51%) Senior Developer
5 419 (7.05%) Software Developer
6 314 (5.28%) .NET Developer
7 299 (5.03%) Data Engineer
8 289 (4.86%) Cloud Engineer
9 286 (4.81%) Full Stack Developer
10 267 (4.49%) Java Developer
11 237 (3.99%) Senior DevOps
12 218 (3.67%) Architect
13 208 (3.50%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 190 (3.20%) Senior Software Engineer
15 175 (2.94%) Principal Engineer
16 168 (2.83%) Azure Engineer
17 167 (2.81%) AWS Engineer
18 156 (2.62%) .NET Software Developer
19 151 (2.54%) Applications Engineer
20 147 (2.47%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,257 (21.15%) .NET
2 1,226 (20.63%) React
3 742 (12.49%) Node.js
4 693 (11.66%) AngularJS
5 636 (10.70%) CSS
6 590 (9.93%) HTML
7 489 (8.23%) Kafka
8 470 (7.91%) .NET Core
9 427 (7.18%) Spring
10 423 (7.12%) RESTful
11 400 (6.73%) REST
12 391 (6.58%) Vue.js
13 344 (5.79%) Spring Boot
14 291 (4.90%) .NET Framework
15 263 (4.43%) HTML5
16 245 (4.12%) RabbitMQ
17 223 (3.75%) ASP.NET
18 214 (3.60%) Web Services
19 196 (3.30%) CSS3
20 188 (3.16%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 451 (7.59%) Cloud Native
2 418 (7.03%) User Experience
3 408 (6.87%) Self-Motivation
4 356 (5.99%) Data Structures
5 337 (5.67%) Algorithms
6 260 (4.37%) Greenfield Project
7 223 (3.75%) Public Cloud
8 197 (3.31%) Mobile App
9 169 (2.84%) Linux Command Line
10 160 (2.69%) Life Science
11 144 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
12 137 (2.31%) Virtual Team
13 111 (1.87%) Data Protection Act
14 92 (1.55%) Tandem
15 85 (1.43%) Cyberattack
16 81 (1.36%) IoT
17 77 (1.30%) Mobile Payment
18 72 (1.21%) Private Cloud
19 71 (1.19%) Hybrid Cloud
20 69 (1.16%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 1,068 (17.97%) Linux
2 479 (8.06%) Windows
3 339 (5.70%) Unix
4 187 (3.15%) Android
5 147 (2.47%) Windows Server
6 117 (1.97%) Apple iOS
7 75 (1.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 52 (0.87%) CentOS
9 48 (0.81%) Mesosphere
10 34 (0.57%) Ubuntu
11 30 (0.50%) VMS
12 22 (0.37%) AIX
13 16 (0.27%) Mac OS
13 16 (0.27%) Oracle Linux
13 16 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
14 12 (0.20%) Windows Server 2016
15 11 (0.19%) Robot Operating System
16 9 (0.15%) CoreOS
16 9 (0.15%) Windows 10
17 7 (0.12%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,936 (66.23%) Agile
2 3,040 (51.15%) DevOps
3 1,837 (30.91%) Software Engineering
4 1,398 (23.52%) TDD
5 1,374 (23.12%) Test Automation
6 1,258 (21.17%) Scrum
7 1,123 (18.90%) Full Stack Development
8 1,118 (18.81%) Microservices
9 1,109 (18.66%) Continuous Integration
10 1,012 (17.03%) Infrastructure as Code
11 953 (16.04%) Mentoring
12 805 (13.55%) Problem-Solving
13 791 (13.31%) Computer Science
14 724 (12.18%) SDLC
15 696 (11.71%) Continuous Delivery
16 632 (10.63%) Containerisation
17 600 (10.10%) BDD
18 583 (9.81%) Coaching
19 518 (8.72%) Software Testing
20 492 (8.28%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,884 (31.70%) Python
2 1,762 (29.65%) Java
3 1,591 (26.77%) JavaScript
4 1,464 (24.63%) C#
5 1,253 (21.08%) SQL
6 694 (11.68%) TypeScript
7 571 (9.61%) PowerShell
8 561 (9.44%) Bash
9 440 (7.40%) Go
10 395 (6.65%) C++
11 368 (6.19%) Ruby
12 292 (4.91%) PHP
13 273 (4.59%) C
14 188 (3.16%) Kotlin
15 144 (2.42%) Shell Script
16 139 (2.34%) T-SQL
17 135 (2.27%) Scala
18 134 (2.25%) Perl
19 133 (2.24%) Objective-C
20 116 (1.95%) ES6
Qualifications
1 854 (14.37%) Degree
2 405 (6.81%) Computer Science Degree
3 262 (4.41%) Security Cleared
4 163 (2.74%) SC Cleared
5 135 (2.27%) AWS Certification
6 81 (1.36%) Azure Certification
7 70 (1.18%) OCP
7 70 (1.18%) Oracle Certification
8 68 (1.14%) Microsoft Certification
9 54 (0.91%) ISTQB
10 44 (0.74%) ISEB
11 43 (0.72%) PhD
12 32 (0.54%) AWS Certified Solutions Architect
13 28 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
14 23 (0.39%) DV Cleared
14 23 (0.39%) Master's Degree
15 22 (0.37%) Cisco Certification
16 21 (0.35%) CISSP
17 13 (0.22%) CCNA
17 13 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 472 (7.94%) QA
2 209 (3.52%) Accessibility
3 146 (2.46%) Data Quality
4 66 (1.11%) PCI DSS
5 53 (0.89%) GDPR
6 44 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 33 (0.56%) SLA
8 31 (0.52%) Automotive SPICE
8 31 (0.52%) MISRA
9 15 (0.25%) GRC
10 14 (0.24%) NIST
11 12 (0.20%) AUTOSAR
11 12 (0.20%) SOC 1
11 12 (0.20%) SOC 2
11 12 (0.20%) WCAG
12 10 (0.17%) ISO 13485
12 10 (0.17%) ISO 9001
13 8 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials
13 8 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 8 (0.13%) NCSC
System Software
1 1,750 (29.45%) Docker
2 106 (1.78%) VMware Infrastructure
3 92 (1.55%) Active Directory
4 54 (0.91%) Virtual Machines
5 21 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 20 (0.34%) vSphere
7 16 (0.27%) Firmware
7 16 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
8 14 (0.24%) Hyper-V
9 8 (0.13%) KVM
10 7 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 6 (0.10%) VMware NSX
12 5 (0.084%) etcd
12 5 (0.084%) HDFS
12 5 (0.084%) NFS
12 5 (0.084%) Virtual Desktop
12 5 (0.084%) VMware ESXi
13 4 (0.067%) Samba
14 3 (0.050%) Ceph
14 3 (0.050%) zsh
Systems Management
1 1,670 (28.10%) Kubernetes
2 1,218 (20.49%) Terraform
3 759 (12.77%) Ansible
4 295 (4.96%) Puppet
5 275 (4.63%) Opscode Chef
6 141 (2.37%) Grafana
6 141 (2.37%) Prometheus
7 66 (1.11%) Consul
8 56 (0.94%) Kibana
9 48 (0.81%) Automic
10 41 (0.69%) logstash
11 35 (0.59%) Docker Swarm
12 34 (0.57%) ZABBIX
13 31 (0.52%) Istio
14 28 (0.47%) Nagios
14 28 (0.47%) Rancher
15 26 (0.44%) HP Fortify
16 24 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
17 23 (0.39%) Packer
18 18 (0.30%) Argo
Vendors
1 841 (14.15%) Microsoft
2 341 (5.74%) Google
3 280 (4.71%) Oracle
4 146 (2.46%) VMware
5 134 (2.25%) Splunk
6 116 (1.95%) Red Hat
7 107 (1.80%) Atlassian
8 101 (1.70%) Databricks
9 95 (1.60%) Hitachi
10 79 (1.33%) IBM
11 68 (1.14%) MuleSoft
12 65 (1.09%) SAP
13 59 (0.99%) Sony
14 50 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
15 48 (0.81%) Xamarin
16 37 (0.62%) Dynatrace
17 32 (0.54%) Cisco
18 26 (0.44%) New Relic
19 25 (0.42%) AppDynamics
20 24 (0.40%) ServiceNow