Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 22 17 14
Rank change year-on-year -5 -3 +2
Permanent jobs citing Degree 4,466 6,312 10,221
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 9.51% 10.28% 12.16%
As % of the Qualifications category 42.88% 44.97% 45.27%
Number of salaries quoted 2,788 4,795 7,200
10th Percentile £26,750 £26,250 £24,250
25th Percentile £35,750 £32,500 £30,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
75th Percentile £61,250 £60,000 £57,500
90th Percentile £72,500 £72,500 £68,750
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 10,415 14,037 22,579
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 22.17% 22.85% 26.87%
Number of salaries quoted 6,771 10,522 16,317
10th Percentile £28,500 £26,250 £25,250
25th Percentile £37,000 £33,750 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
75th Percentile £63,750 £61,000 £58,750
90th Percentile £73,750 £75,000 £70,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £51,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +6.80% +3.00% +5.26%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK excluding London

Degree
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK excluding London

Degree
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK excluding London

Degree
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -2 1,453 £50,000 +5.26% 458
North of England -2 784 £47,500 +5.56% 398
South West -2 664 £45,000 - 201
Midlands -4 560 £47,500 +3.54% 278
East of England +5 554 £50,000 +5.26% 305
West Midlands +3 402 £50,000 +14.63% 179
North West -7 393 £47,500 +5.56% 200
Yorkshire +17 312 £50,000 +29.03% 128
Scotland -2 295 £42,653 +0.36% 128
East Midlands -18 161 £42,500 -10.99% 98
Northern Ireland +9 103 £42,500 -5.56% 20
Wales -7 88 £42,500 - 45
North East -7 80 £39,500 -15.05% 71
Isle of Man -19 1 - -
Degree
UK

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Degree.

1 1,622 (36.32%) Computer Science
2 1,403 (31.42%) Agile Software Development
3 997 (22.32%) SQL
4 983 (22.01%) Problem-Solving
5 966 (21.63%) Software Engineering
6 949 (21.25%) JavaScript
7 927 (20.76%) Computer Science Degree
8 837 (18.74%) Python
9 762 (17.06%) C#
10 715 (16.01%) Java
11 682 (15.27%) Microsoft
12 642 (14.38%) Finance
13 631 (14.13%) Analytical Skills
14 592 (13.26%) Mathematics
15 550 (12.32%) Linux
16 549 (12.29%) Azure
17 531 (11.89%) .NET
18 492 (11.02%) DevOps
19 485 (10.86%) HTML
20 484 (10.84%) Test Automation
21 473 (10.59%) Git (software)
22 465 (10.41%) AWS
23 444 (9.94%) C++
24 435 (9.74%) CSS
25 421 (9.43%) Project Management
26 411 (9.20%) SQL Server
27 404 (9.05%) Windows
28 388 (8.69%) Scrum
29 379 (8.49%) React
30 367 (8.22%) Analytics

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 107 (2.40%) Confluence
2 82 (1.84%) SharePoint
3 64 (1.43%) CMS
4 50 (1.12%) SAS
5 43 (0.96%) Apache
5 43 (0.96%) Apache Spark
5 43 (0.96%) IIS
6 29 (0.65%) Elasticsearch
6 29 (0.65%) Tomcat
7 23 (0.52%) GemFire
8 21 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 21 (0.47%) WordPress
9 20 (0.45%) MS Exchange
10 13 (0.29%) ArcGIS
10 13 (0.29%) nginx
10 13 (0.29%) OpenStack
11 12 (0.27%) Jupyter
12 11 (0.25%) JBoss
13 9 (0.20%) Skype for Business
13 9 (0.20%) Umbraco
Applications
1 223 (4.99%) Microsoft Office
2 155 (3.47%) Microsoft Excel
3 62 (1.39%) Simulink
4 55 (1.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 37 (0.83%) Stateflow
6 35 (0.78%) MS Visio
6 35 (0.78%) Spreadsheet
7 29 (0.65%) Microsoft Project
8 21 (0.47%) AutoCAD
9 15 (0.34%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 12 (0.27%) Photoshop
11 10 (0.22%) Sketch
12 9 (0.20%) OrCAD
13 7 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
13 7 (0.16%) Adobe XD
14 6 (0.13%) Adobe After Effects
14 6 (0.13%) Zeplin
15 5 (0.11%) Figma
15 5 (0.11%) InDesign
15 5 (0.11%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 18 (0.40%) SAP S/4HANA
1 18 (0.40%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 14 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
2 14 (0.31%) NetSuite
3 13 (0.29%) Dynamics NAV
4 10 (0.22%) SAP SD
5 9 (0.20%) Shopify
6 8 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
7 7 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
8 6 (0.13%) Magento
8 6 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
9 5 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
9 5 (0.11%) Sentinel
10 4 (0.090%) Oracle Clinical
10 4 (0.090%) SAP Business One
10 4 (0.090%) SAP Oil and Gas
11 3 (0.067%) Epicor Tropos
11 3 (0.067%) nopCommerce
11 3 (0.067%) Oracle Assets
11 3 (0.067%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 549 (12.29%) Azure
2 465 (10.41%) AWS
3 211 (4.72%) SaaS
4 167 (3.74%) Microsoft 365
5 124 (2.78%) Power Platform
6 114 (2.55%) GCP
7 88 (1.97%) Cloud Computing
8 83 (1.86%) GitHub
9 70 (1.57%) PaaS
10 52 (1.16%) Serverless
11 51 (1.14%) IaaS
12 32 (0.72%) Google Analytics
13 29 (0.65%) Google Play
14 28 (0.63%) Amazon S3
15 27 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
16 26 (0.58%) AWS CloudFormation
17 23 (0.52%) AWS Lambda
18 21 (0.47%) npm
19 18 (0.40%) Azure Active Directory
20 17 (0.38%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 174 (3.90%) Firewall
2 118 (2.64%) Internet
3 94 (2.10%) TCP/IP
4 74 (1.66%) DNS
5 72 (1.61%) Wireless
6 70 (1.57%) LAN
7 69 (1.55%) Network Security
8 65 (1.46%) WAN
9 48 (1.07%) VoIP
10 42 (0.94%) HTTP
11 37 (0.83%) SAN
11 37 (0.83%) Wireshark
12 35 (0.78%) VPN
13 31 (0.69%) Wi-Fi
14 27 (0.60%) Ethernet
15 26 (0.58%) SSL
16 21 (0.47%) DHCP
16 21 (0.47%) Software-Defined Radio
17 19 (0.43%) Broadband
17 19 (0.43%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 411 (9.20%) SQL Server
2 236 (5.28%) NoSQL
3 223 (4.99%) Relational Database
4 184 (4.12%) Big Data
5 159 (3.56%) MySQL
6 149 (3.34%) PostgreSQL
7 119 (2.66%) Power BI
8 104 (2.33%) MongoDB
9 84 (1.88%) Data Warehouse
10 78 (1.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 65 (1.46%) Tableau
12 64 (1.43%) RDBMS
13 60 (1.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 57 (1.28%) Oracle Database
15 42 (0.94%) Redis
16 30 (0.67%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 29 (0.65%) Data Mining
18 24 (0.54%) Data Lake
19 23 (0.52%) Amazon Redshift
19 23 (0.52%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 473 (10.59%) Git (software)
2 232 (5.19%) JIRA
3 150 (3.36%) Jenkins
3 150 (3.36%) Selenium
4 122 (2.73%) Subversion
5 82 (1.84%) Visual Studio
6 77 (1.72%) Rational DOORS
7 51 (1.14%) Mercurial
8 48 (1.07%) Cucumber
9 45 (1.01%) Eclipse
9 45 (1.01%) JUnit
10 38 (0.85%) GitLab
11 37 (0.83%) Gradle
12 36 (0.81%) Rational Rhapsody
13 32 (0.72%) Artifactory
13 32 (0.72%) IntelliJ
13 32 (0.72%) Maven
14 31 (0.69%) Cypress.io
14 31 (0.69%) Mockito
15 29 (0.65%) SpecFlow
General
1 642 (14.38%) Finance
2 274 (6.14%) Marketing
3 218 (4.88%) Manufacturing
4 215 (4.81%) Electronics
5 203 (4.55%) Telecoms
6 191 (4.28%) Public Sector
7 176 (3.94%) Law
8 172 (3.85%) Aerospace
9 150 (3.36%) Retail
10 112 (2.51%) Games
11 102 (2.28%) Pharmaceutical
12 101 (2.26%) Automotive
13 86 (1.93%) Legal
14 73 (1.63%) Banking
15 53 (1.19%) Military
16 47 (1.05%) Advertising
16 47 (1.05%) Local Government
17 32 (0.72%) French Language
18 29 (0.65%) German Language
18 29 (0.65%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,132 (25.35%) Developer
2 544 (12.18%) Software Engineer
3 372 (8.33%) Analyst
4 310 (6.94%) Software Developer
5 289 (6.47%) Graduate
6 199 (4.46%) Junior
7 188 (4.21%) .NET Developer
8 182 (4.08%) Senior Developer
9 178 (3.99%) Architect
10 177 (3.96%) Consultant
11 164 (3.67%) Systems Engineer
12 148 (3.31%) Graduate Developer
13 121 (2.71%) C# Developer
14 114 (2.55%) Java Developer
15 102 (2.28%) Junior Developer
16 93 (2.08%) C# .NET Developer
16 93 (2.08%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 90 (2.02%) Senior Software Engineer
18 84 (1.88%) Test Engineer
19 81 (1.81%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 531 (11.89%) .NET
2 485 (10.86%) HTML
3 435 (9.74%) CSS
4 379 (8.49%) React
5 358 (8.02%) Node.js
6 263 (5.89%) AngularJS
7 228 (5.11%) REST
8 204 (4.57%) .NET Core
9 180 (4.03%) Vue.js
10 174 (3.90%) .NET Framework
11 172 (3.85%) Web Services
12 140 (3.13%) RESTful
13 129 (2.89%) jQuery
14 124 (2.78%) HTML5
15 118 (2.64%) ASP.NET
16 115 (2.58%) Spring
17 108 (2.42%) JSON
18 81 (1.81%) XML
19 79 (1.77%) Django
20 59 (1.32%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 631 (14.13%) Analytical Skills
2 318 (7.12%) Management Information System
3 288 (6.45%) Self-Motivation
4 262 (5.87%) Algorithms
5 223 (4.99%) User Experience
6 146 (3.27%) Mobile App
7 137 (3.07%) Data Structures
7 137 (3.07%) Life Science
8 120 (2.69%) Data Centre
9 116 (2.60%) Organisational Skills
10 86 (1.93%) Driving Licence
11 84 (1.88%) Public Cloud
12 71 (1.59%) Robotics
13 59 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
14 57 (1.28%) Virtual Team
15 51 (1.14%) Renewable Energy
16 50 (1.12%) Linux Command Line
17 47 (1.05%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
18 40 (0.90%) Social Media
19 37 (0.83%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 550 (12.32%) Linux
2 404 (9.05%) Windows
3 183 (4.10%) Unix
4 120 (2.69%) Windows Server
5 104 (2.33%) Android
6 79 (1.77%) Apple iOS
7 44 (0.99%) Windows Server 2016
8 42 (0.94%) Embedded Linux
8 42 (0.94%) Windows 10
9 37 (0.83%) Ubuntu
10 27 (0.60%) CentOS
11 26 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
12 16 (0.36%) Mac OS
13 15 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 13 (0.29%) Windows Server 2019
15 10 (0.22%) Robot Operating System
15 10 (0.22%) Windows 7
16 7 (0.16%) Kali Linux
17 6 (0.13%) Mac OS X
17 6 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,622 (36.32%) Computer Science
2 1,403 (31.42%) Agile Software Development
3 983 (22.01%) Problem-Solving
4 966 (21.63%) Software Engineering
5 592 (13.26%) Mathematics
6 492 (11.02%) DevOps
7 484 (10.84%) Test Automation
8 421 (9.43%) Project Management
9 388 (8.69%) Scrum
10 367 (8.22%) Analytics
11 330 (7.39%) Mentoring
12 328 (7.34%) Machine Learning
13 322 (7.21%) Software Testing
14 317 (7.10%) OO
15 290 (6.49%) Decision-Making
16 284 (6.36%) Validation
17 271 (6.07%) Continuous Integration
18 266 (5.96%) SDLC
19 263 (5.89%) TDD
20 262 (5.87%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 997 (22.32%) SQL
2 949 (21.25%) JavaScript
3 837 (18.74%) Python
4 762 (17.06%) C#
5 715 (16.01%) Java
6 444 (9.94%) C++
7 294 (6.58%) C
8 176 (3.94%) TypeScript
9 121 (2.71%) PHP
10 114 (2.55%) MATLAB
11 112 (2.51%) Bash Shell
12 103 (2.31%) PowerShell
13 93 (2.08%) Go
14 75 (1.68%) R
15 74 (1.66%) Ruby
16 60 (1.34%) Perl
17 55 (1.23%) Objective-C
18 52 (1.16%) ES6
19 49 (1.10%) T-SQL
20 38 (0.85%) VB
Qualifications
1 927 (20.76%) Computer Science Degree
2 328 (7.34%) Security Cleared
3 224 (5.02%) SC Cleared
4 172 (3.85%) Master's Degree
5 164 (3.67%) Numerate Degree
6 146 (3.27%) PhD
7 133 (2.98%) HND
8 131 (2.93%) HNC
9 128 (2.87%) Microsoft Certification
10 123 (2.75%) Cisco Certification
11 99 (2.22%) CISSP
12 84 (1.88%) ISTQB
13 79 (1.77%) DV Cleared
14 70 (1.57%) CCNA
15 66 (1.48%) MCSE
16 56 (1.25%) CCNP
17 49 (1.10%) ISEB
18 37 (0.83%) Chartered Engineer
19 35 (0.78%) CISM
20 33 (0.74%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 294 (6.58%) QA
2 74 (1.66%) GDPR
3 71 (1.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 69 (1.55%) Data Quality
5 66 (1.48%) SLA
6 36 (0.81%) PMO
7 31 (0.69%) Good Clinical Practice
8 24 (0.54%) NIST
9 22 (0.49%) CDISC
10 21 (0.47%) MISRA
11 17 (0.38%) Cyber Essentials
11 17 (0.38%) PCI DSS
12 16 (0.36%) GRC
12 16 (0.36%) ISO 9001
13 13 (0.29%) GxP
13 13 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 11 (0.25%) ISO 13485
15 10 (0.22%) Def Stans
15 10 (0.22%) GMP
16 8 (0.18%) IEC 61508
System Software
1 355 (7.95%) Docker
2 160 (3.58%) Active Directory
2 160 (3.58%) VMware Infrastructure
3 88 (1.97%) Firmware
4 50 (1.12%) Hyper-V
5 31 (0.69%) VMware ESXi
6 22 (0.49%) vSphere
7 15 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
8 13 (0.29%) HDFS
9 7 (0.16%) BitLocker
9 7 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
10 6 (0.13%) KVM
11 5 (0.11%) Postfix
12 4 (0.090%) Oracle RAC
12 4 (0.090%) Terminal Services
12 4 (0.090%) Virtual Desktop
12 4 (0.090%) XenDesktop
13 3 (0.067%) Microsoft App-V
13 3 (0.067%) Xen
14 2 (0.045%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 234 (5.24%) Kubernetes
2 116 (2.60%) Ansible
3 87 (1.95%) Terraform
4 63 (1.41%) Puppet
5 44 (0.99%) SCCM
6 38 (0.85%) Opscode Chef
7 25 (0.56%) Microsoft Intune
8 17 (0.38%) Grafana
9 11 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
10 10 (0.22%) FortiGate
10 10 (0.22%) Nessus
10 10 (0.22%) Nmap
10 10 (0.22%) Oracle RMAN
10 10 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
11 9 (0.20%) BMC PATROL
11 9 (0.20%) Data Guard
11 9 (0.20%) FlexNet
11 9 (0.20%) Kibana
12 8 (0.18%) Nagios
13 7 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 682 (15.27%) Microsoft
2 261 (5.84%) Oracle
3 207 (4.64%) VMware
4 161 (3.61%) Google
5 126 (2.82%) Cisco
6 120 (2.69%) SAP
7 88 (1.97%) Twitter
8 82 (1.84%) Salesforce.com
9 61 (1.37%) IBM
10 49 (1.10%) EMC
11 38 (0.85%) Juniper
12 36 (0.81%) Splunk
13 35 (0.78%) Citrix
14 33 (0.74%) Facebook
14 33 (0.74%) PagerDuty
15 32 (0.72%) Adobe
16 30 (0.67%) Apple
16 30 (0.67%) Databricks
17 29 (0.65%) ServiceNow
18 28 (0.63%) Atlassian