Period
to 12 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 12 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
12 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 6 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 9,047 10,534 16,368
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 18.58% 19.20% 19.79%
As % of the Programming Languages category 35.23% 35.75% 37.08%
Number of salaries quoted 7,584 8,900 13,665
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,250 £27,000
25th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median % change year-on-year - +5.88% -
75th Percentile £57,500 £57,500 £53,750
90th Percentile £66,000 £67,500 £63,750
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 25,683 29,465 44,142
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 52.75% 53.72% 53.38%
Number of salaries quoted 20,706 24,488 35,714
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £27,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £61,250 £58,750 £57,500
90th Percentile £72,250 £68,750 £67,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK excluding London

SQL
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK excluding London

SQL
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK excluding London

SQL
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 12 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England -1 2,479 £47,500 +5.56% 590
South East 0 2,412 £50,000 +6.38% 501
Midlands -1 1,561 £43,000 +1.18% 415
North West 0 1,176 £47,500 - 323
South West 0 1,127 £45,000 +5.88% 188
Yorkshire -1 1,062 £47,500 +11.76% 196
West Midlands -1 977 £45,000 - 268
Scotland -1 585 £47,500 +5.56% 128
East Midlands +4 581 £41,633 +4.08% 146
East of England 0 577 £50,000 +11.11% 185
North East +6 243 £44,000 +17.33% 71
Wales -2 205 £42,000 - 38
Northern Ireland +2 90 £35,000 -12.50% 14
Isle of Man +2 35 £49,500 +4.21% 2
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 12 May 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,095 (34.21%) C#
2 2,889 (31.93%) Azure
3 2,763 (30.54%) .NET
4 2,701 (29.86%) Agile Software Development
5 2,693 (29.77%) JavaScript
6 2,375 (26.25%) SQL Server
7 2,261 (24.99%) Microsoft
8 1,725 (19.07%) HTML
9 1,691 (18.69%) Social Skills
10 1,584 (17.51%) CSS
11 1,559 (17.23%) DevOps
12 1,527 (16.88%) Business Intelligence
13 1,516 (16.76%) Python
14 1,455 (16.08%) Java
15 1,324 (14.63%) AWS
16 1,273 (14.07%) Finance
17 1,230 (13.60%) Software Engineering
18 1,166 (12.89%) Windows
19 1,143 (12.63%) .NET Core
20 1,118 (12.36%) Problem-Solving
20 1,118 (12.36%) T-SQL
21 1,109 (12.26%) Git (software)
22 1,107 (12.24%) MVC
23 1,080 (11.94%) Analytics
24 1,061 (11.73%) AngularJS
24 1,061 (11.73%) Degree
25 1,060 (11.72%) Power Platform
26 1,036 (11.45%) Power BI
27 1,035 (11.44%) Oracle
28 1,022 (11.30%) ASP.NET

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 227 (2.51%) SharePoint
2 211 (2.33%) IIS
3 175 (1.93%) CMS
4 174 (1.92%) Apache Spark
5 135 (1.49%) Apache
6 127 (1.40%) Elasticsearch
7 97 (1.07%) Confluence
8 96 (1.06%) SAS
9 90 (0.99%) nginx
10 81 (0.90%) MS Exchange
11 70 (0.77%) Tomcat
12 53 (0.59%) EPiServer
13 45 (0.50%) BizTalk Server
14 44 (0.49%) Umbraco
15 37 (0.41%) WordPress
16 35 (0.39%) WebLogic
17 34 (0.38%) Apache Airflow
17 34 (0.38%) NServiceBus
18 32 (0.35%) JBoss
19 29 (0.32%) WebSphere
Applications
1 538 (5.95%) Microsoft Excel
2 276 (3.05%) Microsoft Office
3 64 (0.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 53 (0.59%) MS Visio
5 35 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
6 16 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
6 16 (0.18%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.077%) Chatbot
8 6 (0.066%) Adobe Illustrator
8 6 (0.066%) InfoPath
9 5 (0.055%) Sketch
10 4 (0.044%) AutoCAD
10 4 (0.044%) Gliffy
10 4 (0.044%) Siemens NX
10 4 (0.044%) Solid Edge
11 2 (0.022%) Adobe XD
11 2 (0.022%) SPSS
12 1 (0.011%) Figma
12 1 (0.011%) ProjectWise
12 1 (0.011%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 89 (0.98%) Dynamics CRM
2 58 (0.64%) Dynamics NAV
3 53 (0.59%) NetSuite
4 52 (0.57%) Dynamics AX
5 32 (0.35%) SAP Business One
6 28 (0.31%) Magento
6 28 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
7 21 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
8 15 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
8 15 (0.17%) Shopify
9 14 (0.15%) Oracle Assets
9 14 (0.15%) Oracle EBS R12
9 14 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
10 13 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
10 13 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
10 13 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
11 11 (0.12%) Infor M3
11 11 (0.12%) Oracle General Ledger
11 11 (0.12%) Sage 1000
12 10 (0.11%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 2,889 (31.93%) Azure
2 1,324 (14.63%) AWS
3 1,060 (11.72%) Power Platform
4 412 (4.55%) SaaS
5 392 (4.33%) Microsoft 365
6 292 (3.23%) GCP
7 237 (2.62%) Azure Data Factory
8 213 (2.35%) PaaS
9 194 (2.14%) Serverless
10 181 (2.00%) IaaS
11 144 (1.59%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 138 (1.53%) Dynamics 365
13 127 (1.40%) GitHub
14 126 (1.39%) Azure Active Directory
15 124 (1.37%) Azure Synapse Analytics
16 117 (1.29%) Azure Service Bus
17 84 (0.93%) Cloud Computing
18 75 (0.83%) AWS CloudFormation
19 70 (0.77%) Azure Functions
19 70 (0.77%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 208 (2.30%) Firewall
2 165 (1.82%) DNS
3 96 (1.06%) SAN
4 93 (1.03%) HTTP
4 93 (1.03%) TCP/IP
5 89 (0.98%) DHCP
5 89 (0.98%) VPN
6 77 (0.85%) WAN
7 76 (0.84%) Internet
8 64 (0.71%) VoIP
9 59 (0.65%) LAN
10 48 (0.53%) Wireless
11 44 (0.49%) Skype
12 41 (0.45%) Network Security
13 37 (0.41%) NAS
14 33 (0.36%) SMTP
15 31 (0.34%) VLAN
16 29 (0.32%) FTP
16 29 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
17 26 (0.29%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,375 (26.25%) SQL Server
2 1,036 (11.45%) Power BI
3 844 (9.33%) Data Warehouse
4 779 (8.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 766 (8.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 761 (8.41%) NoSQL
7 556 (6.15%) MySQL
8 535 (5.91%) PostgreSQL
9 515 (5.69%) Relational Database
10 434 (4.80%) Azure SQL Database
11 372 (4.11%) Tableau
12 371 (4.10%) MongoDB
13 362 (4.00%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 301 (3.33%) Big Data
15 237 (2.62%) Data Lake
16 219 (2.42%) Redis
17 170 (1.88%) Oracle Database
18 143 (1.58%) Hadoop
19 127 (1.40%) RDBMS
20 118 (1.30%) Crystal Reports
Development Applications
1 1,109 (12.26%) Git (software)
2 543 (6.00%) Jenkins
3 356 (3.94%) JIRA
4 322 (3.56%) Visual Studio
5 282 (3.12%) Selenium
6 240 (2.65%) Team Foundation Server
7 206 (2.28%) Subversion
8 155 (1.71%) Maven
9 138 (1.53%) JUnit
10 107 (1.18%) TeamCity
11 99 (1.09%) Cucumber
12 98 (1.08%) Mercurial
13 89 (0.98%) Bitbucket
14 79 (0.87%) Visual Studio Team System
15 78 (0.86%) Oracle APEX
16 77 (0.85%) Octopus Deploy
17 70 (0.77%) NUnit
17 70 (0.77%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
18 68 (0.75%) SpecFlow
19 65 (0.72%) Gradle
General
1 1,691 (18.69%) Social Skills
2 1,273 (14.07%) Finance
3 863 (9.54%) Analytical Skills
4 358 (3.96%) Marketing
5 278 (3.07%) Manufacturing
6 246 (2.72%) Retail
7 242 (2.67%) Law
8 232 (2.56%) Public Sector
9 159 (1.76%) Presentation Skills
10 148 (1.64%) Telecoms
11 135 (1.49%) Games
12 104 (1.15%) Organisational Skills
13 82 (0.91%) Electronics
13 82 (0.91%) Legal
14 77 (0.85%) Banking
15 76 (0.84%) Multimedia
16 75 (0.83%) Back Office
17 70 (0.77%) Influencing Skills
18 67 (0.74%) Advertising
19 53 (0.59%) Billing
Job Titles
1 4,168 (46.07%) Developer
2 1,202 (13.29%) Analyst
3 994 (10.99%) .NET Developer
4 907 (10.03%) Software Developer
5 889 (9.83%) Senior Developer
6 822 (9.09%) C# Developer
7 622 (6.88%) Software Engineer
8 490 (5.42%) SQL Developer
9 454 (5.02%) C# .NET Developer
10 434 (4.80%) Full Stack Developer
11 399 (4.41%) Data Engineer
12 367 (4.06%) Azure Engineer
13 346 (3.82%) Data Analyst
14 308 (3.40%) Java Developer
15 306 (3.38%) C# Software Developer
16 291 (3.22%) .NET Software Developer
17 287 (3.17%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 267 (2.95%) Applications Support
19 257 (2.84%) PHP Developer
20 237 (2.62%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,763 (30.54%) .NET
2 1,725 (19.07%) HTML
3 1,584 (17.51%) CSS
4 1,143 (12.63%) .NET Core
5 1,061 (11.73%) AngularJS
6 1,022 (11.30%) ASP.NET
7 822 (9.09%) React
8 660 (7.30%) .NET Framework
9 635 (7.02%) REST
10 535 (5.91%) HTML5
11 526 (5.81%) Web Services
12 497 (5.49%) jQuery
13 480 (5.31%) RESTful
14 479 (5.29%) Node.js
15 466 (5.15%) Vue.js
16 393 (4.34%) Spring
17 384 (4.24%) ASP.NET MVC
18 379 (4.19%) XML
19 351 (3.88%) CSS3
20 335 (3.70%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 385 (4.26%) Greenfield Project
2 277 (3.06%) Self-Motivation
3 241 (2.66%) Mobile App
4 230 (2.54%) Management Information System
5 228 (2.52%) User Experience
6 187 (2.07%) Data Structures
7 158 (1.75%) Data Centre
8 151 (1.67%) Algorithms
9 125 (1.38%) Enterprise Software
10 90 (0.99%) Public Cloud
11 89 (0.98%) Linux Command Line
12 86 (0.95%) Life Science
13 77 (0.85%) Replication
14 70 (0.77%) Client/Server
15 66 (0.73%) Virtual Team
16 65 (0.72%) Clustering
17 63 (0.70%) NHS
18 52 (0.57%) Private Cloud
19 43 (0.48%) EPoS
19 43 (0.48%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 1,166 (12.89%) Windows
2 954 (10.54%) Linux
3 469 (5.18%) Windows Server
4 210 (2.32%) Unix
5 117 (1.29%) Windows 10
6 114 (1.26%) Android
7 107 (1.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 106 (1.17%) Windows Server 2012
9 101 (1.12%) Windows Server 2016
10 86 (0.95%) Apple iOS
11 69 (0.76%) Windows Server 2008
12 63 (0.70%) Windows 7
13 55 (0.61%) Ubuntu
14 49 (0.54%) CentOS
15 45 (0.50%) Windows Server 2019
16 24 (0.27%) Windows Server 2003
17 20 (0.22%) Windows 8
18 19 (0.21%) Alpine Linux
19 16 (0.18%) VMS
20 12 (0.13%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,701 (29.86%) Agile Software Development
2 1,559 (17.23%) DevOps
3 1,527 (16.88%) Business Intelligence
4 1,230 (13.60%) Software Engineering
5 1,118 (12.36%) Problem-Solving
6 1,107 (12.24%) MVC
7 1,080 (11.94%) Analytics
8 865 (9.56%) Scrum
9 849 (9.38%) Microservices
10 743 (8.21%) ETL
11 662 (7.32%) TDD
12 657 (7.26%) Test Automation
13 619 (6.84%) OO
14 611 (6.75%) Mentoring
15 600 (6.63%) Computer Science
16 594 (6.57%) Data Modelling
17 583 (6.44%) Migration
18 562 (6.21%) SDLC
19 557 (6.16%) Continuous Integration
20 532 (5.88%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 3,095 (34.21%) C#
2 2,693 (29.77%) JavaScript
3 1,516 (16.76%) Python
4 1,455 (16.08%) Java
5 1,118 (12.36%) T-SQL
6 649 (7.17%) PHP
7 557 (6.16%) PowerShell
8 508 (5.62%) TypeScript
9 334 (3.69%) PL/SQL
10 285 (3.15%) C++
11 227 (2.51%) Bash Shell
12 195 (2.16%) R
13 192 (2.12%) VB.NET
14 173 (1.91%) C
15 170 (1.88%) Ruby
16 161 (1.78%) Go
17 148 (1.64%) VBA
18 136 (1.50%) VB
19 105 (1.16%) Scala
20 88 (0.97%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 1,061 (11.73%) Degree
2 325 (3.59%) Security Cleared
3 270 (2.98%) SC Cleared
4 261 (2.88%) Computer Science Degree
5 180 (1.99%) Microsoft Certification
6 117 (1.29%) Numerate Degree
7 81 (0.90%) ISTQB
8 63 (0.70%) ISEB
9 54 (0.60%) PhD
10 53 (0.59%) MCSE
11 37 (0.41%) DV Cleared
12 34 (0.38%) CCNA
12 34 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
13 33 (0.36%) Master's Degree
14 31 (0.34%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 29 (0.32%) ITIL Certification
16 28 (0.31%) MCSA
17 26 (0.29%) HNC
18 23 (0.25%) Citrix Certification
19 22 (0.24%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 434 (4.80%) QA
2 232 (2.56%) Data Quality
3 159 (1.76%) SLA
4 71 (0.78%) GDPR
5 43 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 30 (0.33%) PCI DSS
7 19 (0.21%) GRC
8 17 (0.19%) CDISC
9 13 (0.14%) Good Clinical Practice
9 13 (0.14%) Solvency II
10 12 (0.13%) ISO 9001
11 7 (0.077%) NIST
12 6 (0.066%) GAMP
12 6 (0.066%) PMO
13 5 (0.055%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 5 (0.055%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 4 (0.044%) COBIT
14 4 (0.044%) HL7
14 4 (0.044%) IEC 62304
15 3 (0.033%) WCAG
System Software
1 990 (10.94%) Docker
2 466 (5.15%) Active Directory
3 260 (2.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 164 (1.81%) Hyper-V
5 53 (0.59%) vSphere
6 49 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
7 37 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
7 37 (0.41%) XenDesktop
8 34 (0.38%) XenApp
9 17 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
10 14 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
10 14 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
11 10 (0.11%) Firmware
12 9 (0.099%) Terminal Services
13 8 (0.088%) HDFS
14 7 (0.077%) BitLocker
14 7 (0.077%) NFS
15 6 (0.066%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 6 (0.066%) Postfix
16 5 (0.055%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 651 (7.20%) Kubernetes
2 412 (4.55%) Terraform
3 311 (3.44%) Ansible
4 136 (1.50%) Puppet
5 123 (1.36%) Opscode Chef
6 119 (1.32%) SCCM
7 78 (0.86%) Grafana
8 76 (0.84%) Prometheus
9 73 (0.81%) Microsoft Intune
10 46 (0.51%) Packer
11 28 (0.31%) WSUS
12 23 (0.25%) HAProxy
12 23 (0.25%) SCOM
13 22 (0.24%) Nagios
14 19 (0.21%) Failover Clustering
14 19 (0.21%) Microsoft Clustering
14 19 (0.21%) Oracle RMAN
15 18 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
15 18 (0.20%) vRealize
15 18 (0.20%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 2,261 (24.99%) Microsoft
2 1,035 (11.44%) Oracle
3 376 (4.16%) VMware
4 219 (2.42%) SAP
5 198 (2.19%) Google
6 183 (2.02%) Databricks
7 139 (1.54%) Salesforce.com
8 127 (1.40%) IBM
9 117 (1.29%) Citrix
10 116 (1.28%) EnterpriseDB
11 104 (1.15%) Cisco
12 97 (1.07%) Red Hat
13 89 (0.98%) Xamarin
14 66 (0.73%) Cognos
14 66 (0.73%) HP
15 63 (0.70%) Alteryx
16 61 (0.67%) Sage
17 59 (0.65%) New Relic
17 59 (0.65%) SaltStack
17 59 (0.65%) Veeam