Period
to 22 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 22 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
22 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 3 3 3
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 16,190 21,505 21,413
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 19.73% 21.78% 21.99%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.94% 38.46% 39.62%
Number of salaries quoted 13,550 18,421 18,356
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +6.25% -
10th Percentile £27,000 £26,750 £26,250
90th Percentile £63,750 £62,500 £60,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,825 55,919 54,052
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 53.39% 56.63% 55.50%
Number of salaries quoted 35,165 47,073 45,797
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.14% +5.00%
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £26,750
90th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £61,250
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.37%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK excluding London

SQL
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK excluding London

SQL
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 22 May 2019.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK excluding London

SQL
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 22 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +1 5,184 £45,000 - 339
North of England 0 3,779 £42,500 - 436
Midlands 0 2,419 £40,000 - 290
North West 0 1,846 £42,500 - 233
South West -1 1,752 £40,000 - 142
Yorkshire 0 1,664 £42,500 - 177
West Midlands -1 1,474 £42,500 +3.66% 171
East of England -1 1,393 £45,000 - 140
Scotland 0 1,218 £45,000 +2.61% 65
East Midlands +1 939 £39,750 -0.63% 118
Wales -1 302 £37,500 -1.96% 36
North East +2 275 £40,000 -5.88% 26
Northern Ireland +4 193 £40,000 +12.68% 13
Isle of Man -1 8 £55,000 +35.80% 1
Channel Islands 0 4 £52,500 +16.67% 1
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 22 May 2019, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 5,855 (36.16%) C#
2 5,454 (33.69%) .NET
3 5,414 (33.44%) Agile Software Development
4 5,293 (32.69%) SQL Server
5 4,459 (27.54%) JavaScript
6 4,279 (26.43%) Microsoft
7 3,099 (19.14%) HTML
8 2,963 (18.30%) ASP.NET
9 2,955 (18.25%) Java
10 2,816 (17.39%) Microsoft Azure
11 2,725 (16.83%) CSS
12 2,724 (16.83%) MVC
13 2,577 (15.92%) Windows
14 2,507 (15.48%) Business Intelligence
15 2,488 (15.37%) Finance
16 2,332 (14.40%) T-SQL
17 2,250 (13.90%) Oracle
18 2,103 (12.99%) Degree
19 2,059 (12.72%) Problem-Solving
20 1,968 (12.16%) Software Engineering
21 1,955 (12.08%) Linux
22 1,850 (11.43%) Python
23 1,844 (11.39%) Git (software)
24 1,705 (10.53%) Analytical Skills
25 1,638 (10.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
26 1,620 (10.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
27 1,599 (9.88%) AngularJS
28 1,596 (9.86%) Scrum
29 1,555 (9.60%) Amazon AWS
30 1,545 (9.54%) Test Automation

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 705 (4.35%) IIS
2 605 (3.74%) SharePoint
3 349 (2.16%) Apache
4 312 (1.93%) SAS
5 278 (1.72%) Tomcat
6 268 (1.66%) Apache Spark
7 241 (1.49%) Confluence
8 228 (1.41%) Elasticsearch
9 207 (1.28%) MS Exchange
10 174 (1.07%) CMS
11 153 (0.95%) JBoss
12 123 (0.76%) Umbraco
13 115 (0.71%) WebLogic
14 112 (0.69%) BizTalk Server
15 102 (0.63%) nginx
16 93 (0.57%) WebSphere
17 78 (0.48%) Skype for Business
18 75 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 75 (0.46%) WordPress
19 65 (0.40%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 745 (4.60%) Microsoft Excel
2 615 (3.80%) Microsoft Office
3 104 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 58 (0.36%) MS Visio
5 43 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
6 38 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
7 30 (0.19%) SPSS
8 21 (0.13%) Photoshop
9 20 (0.12%) Chatbot
10 9 (0.056%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 9 (0.056%) HipChat
10 9 (0.056%) InfoPath
11 5 (0.031%) AutoCAD
11 5 (0.031%) PrintSoft PReS
11 5 (0.031%) SPSS Modeler
11 5 (0.031%) Stata
12 3 (0.019%) ArchiCAD
12 3 (0.019%) MicroStation
12 3 (0.019%) Revit
12 3 (0.019%) Weka
Business Applications
1 223 (1.38%) Dynamics CRM
2 195 (1.20%) Oracle EBS
3 120 (0.74%) Oracle EBS R12
4 95 (0.59%) Dynamics AX
5 72 (0.44%) Dynamics NAV
6 56 (0.35%) Oracle ERP
7 50 (0.31%) Oracle Applications
7 50 (0.31%) Oracle Payroll
8 42 (0.26%) Magento
9 41 (0.25%) NetSuite
10 39 (0.24%) Oracle Payables
10 39 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
11 37 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
12 36 (0.22%) Oracle 11i
12 36 (0.22%) Oracle Assets
12 36 (0.22%) Oracle Financials
13 28 (0.17%) SAP Business One
14 27 (0.17%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 26 (0.16%) Oracle General Ledger
16 19 (0.12%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 2,816 (17.39%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,555 (9.60%) Amazon AWS
3 1,055 (6.52%) Power Platform
4 589 (3.64%) Office 365
5 554 (3.42%) SaaS
6 277 (1.71%) Google Cloud Platform
7 235 (1.45%) PaaS
8 217 (1.34%) Serverless
9 180 (1.11%) IaaS
10 179 (1.11%) GitHub
11 154 (0.95%) Dynamics 365
12 126 (0.78%) Amazon S3
13 123 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
13 123 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
14 118 (0.73%) Azure Active Directory
15 98 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
15 98 (0.61%) Azure Data Factory
16 80 (0.49%) Azure Functions
17 65 (0.40%) AWS Lambda
17 65 (0.40%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 458 (2.83%) Firewall
2 320 (1.98%) DNS
3 300 (1.85%) TCP/IP
4 257 (1.59%) WAN
5 226 (1.40%) LAN
6 220 (1.36%) SAN
7 217 (1.34%) DHCP
8 182 (1.12%) VPN
9 181 (1.12%) Internet
10 167 (1.03%) HTTP
11 138 (0.85%) VoIP
12 124 (0.77%) VLAN
13 113 (0.70%) SSL
14 108 (0.67%) Network Security
15 105 (0.65%) Broadband
16 86 (0.53%) Skype
17 76 (0.47%) FTP
18 65 (0.40%) Wireless
19 60 (0.37%) Intranet
20 58 (0.36%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5,293 (32.69%) SQL Server
2 1,638 (10.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
3 1,620 (10.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,305 (8.06%) Data Warehouse
5 1,284 (7.93%) Relational Database
6 1,068 (6.60%) NoSQL
7 1,057 (6.53%) MySQL
8 1,033 (6.38%) Power BI
9 756 (4.67%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 652 (4.03%) Big Data
11 589 (3.64%) PostgreSQL
12 501 (3.09%) Oracle Database
13 480 (2.96%) MongoDB
14 435 (2.69%) SQL Server 2012
15 434 (2.68%) Hadoop
15 434 (2.68%) SQL Server 2008
16 412 (2.54%) RDBMS
17 394 (2.43%) Azure SQL Database
18 338 (2.09%) QlikView
19 273 (1.69%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 1,844 (11.39%) Git (software)
2 1,147 (7.08%) Visual Studio
3 901 (5.57%) Team Foundation Server
4 787 (4.86%) JIRA
5 716 (4.42%) Jenkins
6 616 (3.80%) Selenium
7 386 (2.38%) Subversion
8 294 (1.82%) TeamCity
9 272 (1.68%) Maven
10 267 (1.65%) Cucumber
11 222 (1.37%) JUnit
12 199 (1.23%) Visual Studio Team System
13 188 (1.16%) NUnit
14 178 (1.10%) Octopus Deploy
15 177 (1.09%) Oracle Forms
16 164 (1.01%) SoapUI
17 162 (1.00%) SpecFlow
18 139 (0.86%) Bitbucket
19 138 (0.85%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
20 132 (0.82%) Mercurial
General
1 2,488 (15.37%) Finance
2 745 (4.60%) Retail
3 677 (4.18%) Marketing
4 486 (3.00%) Manufacturing
5 402 (2.48%) Telecoms
6 269 (1.66%) Banking
7 165 (1.02%) Games
7 165 (1.02%) Legal
8 157 (0.97%) Electronics
9 98 (0.61%) Back Office
10 84 (0.52%) Law
11 80 (0.49%) Advertising
12 70 (0.43%) Automotive
13 68 (0.42%) Billing
14 67 (0.41%) Financial Institution
15 60 (0.37%) Local Government
16 41 (0.25%) Aerospace
17 38 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
18 36 (0.22%) Investment Banking
19 31 (0.19%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 7,700 (47.56%) Developer
2 2,609 (16.11%) Analyst
3 2,184 (13.49%) .NET Developer
4 1,942 (12.00%) C# Developer
5 1,677 (10.36%) Software Developer
6 1,242 (7.67%) C# .NET Developer
7 1,189 (7.34%) Senior Developer
8 1,118 (6.91%) SQL Developer
9 954 (5.89%) Java Developer
10 848 (5.24%) Software Engineer
11 709 (4.38%) Support Analyst
12 669 (4.13%) Junior
13 660 (4.08%) DBA
14 635 (3.92%) Applications Support
15 618 (3.82%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 581 (3.59%) C# Software Developer
17 553 (3.42%) .NET Software Developer
18 508 (3.14%) ASP.NET Developer
19 504 (3.11%) SQL DBA
20 470 (2.90%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,454 (33.69%) .NET
2 3,099 (19.14%) HTML
3 2,963 (18.30%) ASP.NET
4 2,725 (16.83%) CSS
5 1,599 (9.88%) AngularJS
6 1,538 (9.50%) Web Services
7 1,384 (8.55%) XML
8 1,309 (8.09%) ASP.NET MVC
9 1,296 (8.00%) .NET Framework
10 1,256 (7.76%) jQuery
11 921 (5.69%) ASP.NET Web API
12 853 (5.27%) Spring
13 831 (5.13%) REST
14 799 (4.94%) SOAP
15 792 (4.89%) RESTful
16 728 (4.50%) React
17 724 (4.47%) HTML5
18 697 (4.31%) JSON
19 688 (4.25%) .NET Core
20 685 (4.23%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 1,705 (10.53%) Analytical Skills
2 718 (4.43%) Greenfield Project
3 591 (3.65%) Self-Motivation
4 562 (3.47%) Enterprise Software
5 388 (2.40%) Management Information System
6 305 (1.88%) User Experience
7 300 (1.85%) Algorithms
8 293 (1.81%) Mobile App
9 288 (1.78%) Fintech
10 233 (1.44%) Replication
11 230 (1.42%) Data Centre
12 219 (1.35%) Data Structures
13 213 (1.32%) Clustering
14 164 (1.01%) Public Cloud
15 132 (0.82%) Driving Licence
16 116 (0.72%) Client/Server
17 113 (0.70%) Hybrid Cloud
18 108 (0.67%) EPoS
19 106 (0.65%) Robotics
20 94 (0.58%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 2,577 (15.92%) Windows
2 1,955 (12.08%) Linux
3 1,025 (6.33%) Windows Server
4 872 (5.39%) Unix
5 313 (1.93%) Windows Server 2012
6 260 (1.61%) Windows Server 2008
7 248 (1.53%) Android
8 219 (1.35%) Apple iOS
9 195 (1.20%) Windows 7
10 174 (1.07%) Windows 10
11 111 (0.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 90 (0.56%) Windows 8
13 86 (0.53%) Debian
13 86 (0.53%) Ubuntu
14 85 (0.53%) AIX
14 85 (0.53%) CentOS
15 66 (0.41%) Solaris
16 47 (0.29%) Mac OS
17 40 (0.25%) Windows Server 2003
18 24 (0.15%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,414 (33.44%) Agile Software Development
2 2,724 (16.83%) MVC
3 2,507 (15.48%) Business Intelligence
4 2,059 (12.72%) Problem-Solving
5 1,968 (12.16%) Software Engineering
6 1,596 (9.86%) Scrum
7 1,545 (9.54%) Test Automation
8 1,539 (9.51%) TDD
9 1,399 (8.64%) DevOps
10 1,275 (7.88%) SDLC
11 1,258 (7.77%) Analytics
12 1,231 (7.60%) ETL
13 1,212 (7.49%) OO
14 1,125 (6.95%) Computer Science
15 1,035 (6.39%) Continuous Integration
16 1,022 (6.31%) Web Development
17 1,020 (6.30%) ITIL
18 914 (5.65%) Mentoring
19 880 (5.44%) Unit Testing
20 759 (4.69%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 5,855 (36.16%) C#
2 4,459 (27.54%) JavaScript
3 2,955 (18.25%) Java
4 2,332 (14.40%) T-SQL
5 1,850 (11.43%) Python
6 984 (6.08%) PL/SQL
7 969 (5.99%) PowerShell
8 817 (5.05%) PHP
9 728 (4.50%) C++
10 533 (3.29%) VB.NET
11 509 (3.14%) C
12 423 (2.61%) R
13 395 (2.44%) VB
14 342 (2.11%) TypeScript
15 311 (1.92%) VBA
16 269 (1.66%) Shell Script
17 259 (1.60%) Bash Shell
18 231 (1.43%) Ruby
19 229 (1.41%) Scala
20 217 (1.34%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 2,103 (12.99%) Degree
2 530 (3.27%) Security Cleared
3 451 (2.79%) Computer Science Degree
4 410 (2.53%) Microsoft Certification
5 280 (1.73%) SC Cleared
6 271 (1.67%) ISTQB
7 211 (1.30%) ISEB
8 158 (0.98%) Cisco Certification
9 150 (0.93%) MCSE
10 141 (0.87%) MCSA
11 120 (0.74%) DV Cleared
12 98 (0.61%) Master's Degree
13 88 (0.54%) MCP
14 83 (0.51%) CCNA
14 83 (0.51%) HND
15 82 (0.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 82 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
16 74 (0.46%) PhD
17 63 (0.39%) ITIL Certification
18 53 (0.33%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 901 (5.57%) QA
2 384 (2.37%) SLA
3 327 (2.02%) Data Quality
4 212 (1.31%) GDPR
5 106 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 49 (0.30%) PCI DSS
7 37 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 32 (0.20%) HL7
8 32 (0.20%) PMO
9 31 (0.19%) ISO 9001
10 26 (0.16%) DICOM
11 24 (0.15%) COBIT
12 11 (0.068%) Cyber Essentials
13 10 (0.062%) GAMP
13 10 (0.062%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 6 (0.037%) Actionable Recommendations
14 6 (0.037%) CRD IV
14 6 (0.037%) PSD2
14 6 (0.037%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 6 (0.037%) WAI
System Software
1 922 (5.69%) Active Directory
2 748 (4.62%) Docker
3 631 (3.90%) VMware Infrastructure
4 487 (3.01%) Hyper-V
5 126 (0.78%) vSphere
6 125 (0.77%) Virtual Machines
7 120 (0.74%) VMware ESXi
8 119 (0.74%) XenApp
9 84 (0.52%) XenDesktop
10 53 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
11 45 (0.28%) HDFS
11 45 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
12 36 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
13 34 (0.21%) Apache Flume
14 32 (0.20%) Terminal Services
15 29 (0.18%) Citrix Hypervisor
16 28 (0.17%) Xen
17 27 (0.17%) VMware NSX
18 25 (0.15%) Firmware
18 25 (0.15%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 390 (2.41%) Kubernetes
2 371 (2.29%) Ansible
3 261 (1.61%) Puppet
4 207 (1.28%) Opscode Chef
5 205 (1.27%) Terraform
6 193 (1.19%) SCCM
7 112 (0.69%) SCOM
8 89 (0.55%) HP Quality Center
9 71 (0.44%) HP ALM
10 70 (0.43%) WSUS
11 66 (0.41%) Kibana
12 60 (0.37%) vCenter Server
13 49 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
14 45 (0.28%) Nagios
15 43 (0.27%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
16 42 (0.26%) Microsoft Clustering
17 40 (0.25%) SCOrch
18 38 (0.23%) Backup Exec
19 36 (0.22%) Tivoli
20 35 (0.22%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 4,279 (26.43%) Microsoft
2 2,250 (13.90%) Oracle
3 890 (5.50%) VMware
4 658 (4.06%) Tableau
5 491 (3.03%) SAP
6 375 (2.32%) Google
7 353 (2.18%) Cisco
8 312 (1.93%) Citrix
9 311 (1.92%) IBM
10 261 (1.61%) HP
11 202 (1.25%) Xamarin
12 169 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
13 144 (0.89%) Atlassian
14 139 (0.86%) Cognos
15 131 (0.81%) Informatica
15 131 (0.81%) Veeam
16 115 (0.71%) Red Hat
17 99 (0.61%) Sitecore
18 94 (0.58%) ServiceNow
19 92 (0.57%) Sage