Period
to 14 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 14 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
14 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 3 3 3
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 17,955 22,084 22,955
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 20.24% 21.81% 21.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 37.45% 38.79% 40.69%
Number of salaries quoted 15,391 19,125 19,951
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -
10th Percentile £27,500 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £62,738 £60,000 £58,750
UK median annual salary £48,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +7.78% - -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 47,946 56,935 56,420
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 54.05% 56.24% 52.42%
Number of salaries quoted 39,552 48,098 48,092
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £27,750 £27,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £67,500 £62,500 £61,250
UK median annual salary £51,312 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +2.62% +5.26% +5.56%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK excluding London

SQL
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK excluding London

SQL
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 14 December 2018.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK excluding London

SQL
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 14 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East 0 5,818 £45,000 +5.88% 758
North of England 0 4,185 £42,500 +6.25% 949
Midlands -1 2,589 £42,500 +6.25% 614
North West 0 2,170 £43,000 +7.50% 525
East of England 0 1,889 £43,000 -4.44% 382
Yorkshire 0 1,750 £42,500 - 355
South West -2 1,702 £40,000 - 362
West Midlands -1 1,538 £42,500 +6.25% 358
Scotland +1 1,322 £45,000 +12.50% 193
East Midlands +1 1,050 £40,000 +6.67% 256
Wales 0 366 £40,000 +13.64% 103
North East -1 272 £45,000 +12.50% 69
Northern Ireland +3 173 £37,500 +7.14% 29
Channel Islands -7 5 £56,250 -6.25% 8
South Coast - 4 - -
Isle of Man -1 2 - - 1
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 14 December 2018, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 6,439 (35.86%) C#
2 6,024 (33.55%) Agile Software Development
3 5,981 (33.31%) SQL Server
4 5,921 (32.98%) .NET
5 4,980 (27.74%) JavaScript
6 4,951 (27.57%) Microsoft
7 3,840 (21.39%) HTML
8 3,499 (19.49%) Java
9 3,250 (18.10%) Finance
10 3,232 (18.00%) CSS
11 3,222 (17.94%) MVC
12 2,967 (16.52%) ASP.NET
13 2,941 (16.38%) T-SQL
14 2,720 (15.15%) Windows
15 2,614 (14.56%) Microsoft Azure
16 2,589 (14.42%) Business Intelligence
17 2,438 (13.58%) Oracle
18 2,306 (12.84%) Degree
19 2,232 (12.43%) Software Engineering
20 2,108 (11.74%) Linux
21 2,036 (11.34%) Problem-Solving
22 2,013 (11.21%) TDD
23 2,006 (11.17%) AngularJS
24 1,946 (10.84%) Python
25 1,910 (10.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
26 1,891 (10.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
27 1,874 (10.44%) Web Services
28 1,864 (10.38%) Git (software)
29 1,795 (10.00%) Scrum
30 1,738 (9.68%) Test Automation

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 784 (4.37%) IIS
2 619 (3.45%) SharePoint
3 347 (1.93%) Apache
4 343 (1.91%) Apache Spark
5 309 (1.72%) SAS
6 305 (1.70%) Confluence
7 287 (1.60%) Tomcat
8 279 (1.55%) CMS
9 235 (1.31%) Elasticsearch
10 210 (1.17%) MS Exchange
11 193 (1.07%) JBoss
12 190 (1.06%) WebSphere
13 176 (0.98%) Umbraco
14 161 (0.90%) WebLogic
15 135 (0.75%) nginx
16 131 (0.73%) BizTalk Server
17 113 (0.63%) Skype for Business
18 76 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 75 (0.42%) WordPress
20 60 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 938 (5.22%) Microsoft Excel
2 519 (2.89%) Microsoft Office
3 191 (1.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 62 (0.35%) SPSS
5 59 (0.33%) MS Visio
6 46 (0.26%) Photoshop
7 27 (0.15%) Chatbot
8 24 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
9 23 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 21 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
11 10 (0.056%) Adobe Illustrator
12 7 (0.039%) EngageOne
13 6 (0.033%) Windchill
14 5 (0.028%) Stata
15 3 (0.017%) Doxygen
16 2 (0.011%) AutoCAD
16 2 (0.011%) Maya
16 2 (0.011%) Weka
17 1 (0.006%) ArchiCAD
17 1 (0.006%) Fireworks
Business Applications
1 253 (1.41%) Dynamics CRM
2 154 (0.86%) Dynamics NAV
3 137 (0.76%) Oracle EBS
4 130 (0.72%) Dynamics AX
5 68 (0.38%) Oracle EBS R12
6 53 (0.30%) NetSuite
7 48 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
8 45 (0.25%) Magento
8 45 (0.25%) Oracle ERP
9 39 (0.22%) SAP Business One
10 38 (0.21%) Oracle Financials
11 33 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
12 29 (0.16%) Oracle Payroll
13 28 (0.16%) Cognos TM1
13 28 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
13 28 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
14 27 (0.15%) Oracle 11i
15 24 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
16 23 (0.13%) Unit4 Business World
17 22 (0.12%) FastStats
Cloud Services
1 2,614 (14.56%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,687 (9.40%) Amazon AWS
3 557 (3.10%) Office 365
4 434 (2.42%) SaaS
5 281 (1.57%) PaaS
6 243 (1.35%) GitHub
7 222 (1.24%) IaaS
8 183 (1.02%) Serverless
9 179 (1.00%) Google Cloud Platform
10 166 (0.92%) Amazon EC2
11 154 (0.86%) Amazon S3
12 152 (0.85%) Cloud Computing
13 144 (0.80%) Azure Active Directory
14 117 (0.65%) AWS CloudFormation
15 106 (0.59%) Dynamics 365
16 99 (0.55%) Google Analytics
17 95 (0.53%) Amazon SQS
18 88 (0.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 80 (0.45%) Azure Functions
20 69 (0.38%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 432 (2.41%) Firewall
2 318 (1.77%) DNS
3 297 (1.65%) TCP/IP
4 259 (1.44%) Internet
5 231 (1.29%) SAN
6 208 (1.16%) WAN
7 204 (1.14%) LAN
8 181 (1.01%) Network Security
9 170 (0.95%) HTTP
10 162 (0.90%) VPN
11 138 (0.77%) DHCP
12 133 (0.74%) Wi-Fi
13 109 (0.61%) SSL
13 109 (0.61%) VLAN
14 106 (0.59%) VoIP
15 97 (0.54%) Skype
16 89 (0.50%) Intranet
17 72 (0.40%) FTP
18 69 (0.38%) SMS
18 69 (0.38%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5,981 (33.31%) SQL Server
2 1,910 (10.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1,891 (10.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 1,397 (7.78%) Data Warehouse
5 1,391 (7.75%) Relational Database
6 1,237 (6.89%) MySQL
7 1,215 (6.77%) NoSQL
8 1,026 (5.71%) Power BI
9 945 (5.26%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 707 (3.94%) Big Data
11 695 (3.87%) PostgreSQL
12 573 (3.19%) Oracle Database
13 570 (3.17%) SQL Server 2008
14 555 (3.09%) MongoDB
15 543 (3.02%) SQL Server 2012
16 444 (2.47%) Hadoop
17 438 (2.44%) RDBMS
18 340 (1.89%) Azure SQL Database
19 324 (1.80%) QlikView
20 322 (1.79%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,864 (10.38%) Git (software)
2 1,291 (7.19%) Visual Studio
3 938 (5.22%) Team Foundation Server
4 852 (4.75%) JIRA
5 766 (4.27%) Jenkins
6 662 (3.69%) Selenium
7 444 (2.47%) Subversion
8 335 (1.87%) Maven
9 333 (1.85%) JUnit
10 277 (1.54%) Cucumber
10 277 (1.54%) TeamCity
11 269 (1.50%) NUnit
12 210 (1.17%) Eclipse
13 196 (1.09%) Octopus Deploy
14 195 (1.09%) Visual Studio Team System
15 187 (1.04%) Oracle Forms
16 171 (0.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 169 (0.94%) SpecFlow
18 151 (0.84%) SoapUI
19 141 (0.79%) WebDriver
General
1 3,250 (18.10%) Finance
2 904 (5.03%) Retail
3 605 (3.37%) Marketing
4 432 (2.41%) Manufacturing
5 420 (2.34%) Banking
6 399 (2.22%) Telecoms
7 299 (1.67%) Advertising
8 230 (1.28%) Legal
9 203 (1.13%) Games
10 155 (0.86%) Back Office
11 146 (0.81%) Automotive
12 145 (0.81%) Electronics
13 99 (0.55%) Law
14 68 (0.38%) Investment Banking
15 65 (0.36%) French Language
16 55 (0.31%) Billing
16 55 (0.31%) German Language
17 53 (0.30%) Financial Institution
18 36 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
19 34 (0.19%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 8,709 (48.50%) Developer
2 2,698 (15.03%) Analyst
3 2,452 (13.66%) .NET Developer
4 2,228 (12.41%) C# Developer
5 1,661 (9.25%) Software Developer
6 1,440 (8.02%) C# .NET Developer
7 1,383 (7.70%) SQL Developer
8 1,340 (7.46%) Senior Developer
9 1,125 (6.27%) Java Developer
10 882 (4.91%) DBA
11 873 (4.86%) Software Engineer
12 699 (3.89%) Junior
13 652 (3.63%) SQL DBA
14 641 (3.57%) ASP.NET Developer
15 637 (3.55%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 611 (3.40%) Support Analyst
17 603 (3.36%) C# Software Developer
18 588 (3.27%) Applications Support
19 577 (3.21%) C# ASP.NET Developer
20 551 (3.07%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,921 (32.98%) .NET
2 3,840 (21.39%) HTML
3 3,232 (18.00%) CSS
4 2,967 (16.52%) ASP.NET
5 2,006 (11.17%) AngularJS
6 1,874 (10.44%) Web Services
7 1,663 (9.26%) XML
8 1,622 (9.03%) jQuery
9 1,433 (7.98%) ASP.NET MVC
10 1,215 (6.77%) .NET Framework
11 1,075 (5.99%) Spring
12 1,052 (5.86%) ASP.NET Web API
13 997 (5.55%) HTML5
14 925 (5.15%) REST
15 913 (5.08%) RESTful
16 884 (4.92%) WCF
17 772 (4.30%) JSON
18 761 (4.24%) SOAP
19 720 (4.01%) Entity Framework
20 705 (3.93%) React
Miscellaneous
1 1,732 (9.65%) Analytical Skills
2 819 (4.56%) Greenfield Project
3 713 (3.97%) Enterprise Software
4 634 (3.53%) Self-Motivation
5 567 (3.16%) Management Information System
6 438 (2.44%) User Experience
7 416 (2.32%) Fintech
8 369 (2.06%) Mobile App
9 331 (1.84%) Algorithms
10 271 (1.51%) Replication
11 239 (1.33%) Clustering
12 230 (1.28%) Data Centre
13 208 (1.16%) Data Structures
14 161 (0.90%) Client/Server
14 161 (0.90%) Public Cloud
15 151 (0.84%) Virtual Team
16 123 (0.69%) Driving Licence
17 121 (0.67%) Private Cloud
18 120 (0.67%) NHS
19 113 (0.63%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 2,720 (15.15%) Windows
2 2,108 (11.74%) Linux
3 971 (5.41%) Windows Server
4 888 (4.95%) Unix
5 318 (1.77%) Apple iOS
6 317 (1.77%) Android
7 312 (1.74%) Windows Server 2012
8 269 (1.50%) Windows Server 2008
9 207 (1.15%) Windows 10
10 196 (1.09%) Windows 7
11 172 (0.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 98 (0.55%) CentOS
13 93 (0.52%) Windows 8
14 76 (0.42%) AIX
15 70 (0.39%) Ubuntu
16 68 (0.38%) Windows Server 2003
17 56 (0.31%) Solaris
18 30 (0.17%) Windows XP
19 29 (0.16%) Mac OS
20 23 (0.13%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,024 (33.55%) Agile Software Development
2 3,222 (17.94%) MVC
3 2,589 (14.42%) Business Intelligence
4 2,232 (12.43%) Software Engineering
5 2,036 (11.34%) Problem-Solving
6 2,013 (11.21%) TDD
7 1,795 (10.00%) Scrum
8 1,738 (9.68%) Test Automation
9 1,435 (7.99%) SDLC
10 1,412 (7.86%) OO
11 1,374 (7.65%) Analytics
12 1,284 (7.15%) ETL
13 1,270 (7.07%) Continuous Integration
14 1,215 (6.77%) Web Development
15 1,168 (6.51%) Computer Science
16 1,141 (6.35%) DevOps
17 1,093 (6.09%) Mentoring
18 1,019 (5.68%) Unit Testing
19 911 (5.07%) ITIL
20 836 (4.66%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 6,439 (35.86%) C#
2 4,980 (27.74%) JavaScript
3 3,499 (19.49%) Java
4 2,941 (16.38%) T-SQL
5 1,946 (10.84%) Python
6 1,145 (6.38%) PL/SQL
7 953 (5.31%) C++
8 903 (5.03%) PHP
9 840 (4.68%) PowerShell
10 545 (3.04%) C
11 524 (2.92%) VB.NET
12 404 (2.25%) R
13 378 (2.11%) VB
14 353 (1.97%) VBA
15 345 (1.92%) Shell Script
16 338 (1.88%) Ruby
17 331 (1.84%) TypeScript
18 301 (1.68%) Bash Shell
19 278 (1.55%) Java 8
20 238 (1.33%) Scala
Qualifications
1 2,306 (12.84%) Degree
2 578 (3.22%) Computer Science Degree
3 428 (2.38%) Security Cleared
4 402 (2.24%) Microsoft Certification
5 257 (1.43%) ISTQB
6 246 (1.37%) ISEB
7 223 (1.24%) SC Cleared
8 168 (0.94%) MCSE
9 122 (0.68%) MCSA
10 113 (0.63%) CISSP
11 104 (0.58%) CREST Certified
11 104 (0.58%) SANS
12 93 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
13 88 (0.49%) Master's Degree
14 85 (0.47%) DV Cleared
14 85 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 77 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
16 75 (0.42%) MCP
17 73 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
18 70 (0.39%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 992 (5.52%) QA
2 321 (1.79%) Data Quality
3 315 (1.75%) SLA
4 266 (1.48%) GDPR
5 223 (1.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 138 (0.77%) PCI DSS
7 60 (0.33%) PMO
8 20 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
9 18 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 17 (0.095%) ISO 9001
11 12 (0.067%) HL7
11 12 (0.067%) WAI
12 10 (0.056%) DICOM
13 9 (0.050%) COBIT
14 8 (0.045%) PSD2
14 8 (0.045%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 7 (0.039%) Actionable Recommendations
15 7 (0.039%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 5 (0.028%) WCAG
17 3 (0.017%) GAMP
System Software
1 887 (4.94%) Active Directory
2 727 (4.05%) Docker
3 600 (3.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 385 (2.14%) Hyper-V
5 183 (1.02%) Virtual Machines
6 133 (0.74%) vSphere
7 72 (0.40%) XenApp
8 70 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
9 65 (0.36%) Oracle RAC
10 51 (0.28%) XenDesktop
11 49 (0.27%) HDFS
12 42 (0.23%) Terminal Services
13 40 (0.22%) VirtualBox
14 37 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
15 36 (0.20%) XenServer
16 26 (0.14%) Xen
17 22 (0.12%) Firmware
18 18 (0.10%) Forefront TMG
19 17 (0.095%) Apache Flume
19 17 (0.095%) KVM
Systems Management
1 420 (2.34%) Ansible
2 343 (1.91%) Puppet
3 287 (1.60%) Kubernetes
4 232 (1.29%) Opscode Chef
5 196 (1.09%) SCCM
6 158 (0.88%) Terraform
7 71 (0.40%) SCOM
8 60 (0.33%) Hadoop YARN
9 59 (0.33%) Data Guard
10 56 (0.31%) WSUS
11 49 (0.27%) HP ALM
11 49 (0.27%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 47 (0.26%) HP Quality Center
13 44 (0.25%) Nagios
13 44 (0.25%) Oracle RMAN
14 43 (0.24%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 42 (0.23%) Oozie
16 41 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
17 40 (0.22%) Kibana
17 40 (0.22%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 4,951 (27.57%) Microsoft
2 2,438 (13.58%) Oracle
3 916 (5.10%) VMware
4 707 (3.94%) Tableau
5 456 (2.54%) SAP
6 386 (2.15%) Cisco
7 373 (2.08%) Google
8 318 (1.77%) Xamarin
9 290 (1.62%) Citrix
10 237 (1.32%) IBM
11 187 (1.04%) HP
12 185 (1.03%) Cognos
13 179 (1.00%) Red Hat
14 168 (0.94%) Salesforce.com
15 167 (0.93%) Atlassian
16 111 (0.62%) Sitecore
17 110 (0.61%) New Relic
18 109 (0.61%) Informatica
19 91 (0.51%) Sage
20 89 (0.50%) Veeam