Period
to 25 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 25 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
25 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 5 3 3
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 8,040 13,223 16,985
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 19.26% 19.14% 20.19%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.85% 36.07% 37.37%
Number of salaries quoted 8,254 11,844 15,275
Median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £30,500 £27,500 £27,000
90th Percentile £66,250 £65,000 £63,750
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +8.89%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,072 36,663 45,452
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 55.27% 53.06% 54.03%
Number of salaries quoted 19,204 30,461 37,678
Median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £70,000 £67,500 £67,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK excluding London

SQL
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK excluding London

SQL
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK excluding London

SQL
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 25 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England 0 2,269 £47,500 +10.47% 501
South East -2 2,095 £50,000 +11.11% 424
Midlands -1 1,411 £45,000 +5.88% 398
North West 0 1,151 £47,500 +5.56% 274
Yorkshire -1 932 £47,500 +11.76% 170
South West -1 932 £45,000 +5.88% 222
West Midlands -1 857 £45,000 - 254
East Midlands +5 550 £44,500 +11.25% 142
Scotland -2 548 £47,500 +5.56% 105
East of England -2 471 £47,500 - 144
Wales -1 236 £42,500 - 40
North East +2 186 £47,500 +16.31% 57
Northern Ireland 0 76 £42,500 +6.25% 21
Isle of Man 0 27 £49,500 +4.21% 1
Channel Islands -2 1 £40,000 -37.25%
SQL
UK

For the 6 months to 25 February 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 2,862 (35.60%) C#
2 2,596 (32.29%) Azure
3 2,522 (31.37%) .NET
4 2,439 (30.34%) JavaScript
5 2,393 (29.76%) Agile Software Development
6 2,106 (26.19%) SQL Server
7 2,048 (25.47%) Microsoft
8 1,582 (19.68%) HTML
9 1,447 (18.00%) DevOps
10 1,435 (17.85%) CSS
11 1,417 (17.62%) Java
12 1,307 (16.26%) Python
13 1,268 (15.77%) Business Intelligence
14 1,148 (14.28%) Software Engineering
15 1,081 (13.45%) MVC
16 1,064 (13.23%) Windows
17 1,054 (13.11%) .NET Core
18 1,048 (13.03%) AWS
19 1,039 (12.92%) Finance
20 1,001 (12.45%) Git (software)
21 988 (12.29%) ASP.NET
22 976 (12.14%) AngularJS
23 930 (11.57%) T-SQL
24 912 (11.34%) Oracle
25 904 (11.24%) Problem-Solving
26 886 (11.02%) Degree
27 846 (10.52%) Analytics
28 810 (10.07%) Power Platform
29 808 (10.05%) Linux
30 791 (9.84%) Docker

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 214 (2.66%) SharePoint
2 172 (2.14%) IIS
3 166 (2.06%) Apache Spark
4 151 (1.88%) Elasticsearch
5 139 (1.73%) Apache
6 129 (1.60%) CMS
7 125 (1.55%) Confluence
8 80 (1.00%) SAS
9 72 (0.90%) nginx
10 66 (0.82%) MS Exchange
11 64 (0.80%) Tomcat
12 44 (0.55%) NServiceBus
13 38 (0.47%) WebSphere
14 34 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
15 31 (0.39%) Apache Airflow
15 31 (0.39%) Umbraco
16 30 (0.37%) JBoss
16 30 (0.37%) WebLogic
17 29 (0.36%) EPiServer
18 26 (0.32%) Mule
Applications
1 433 (5.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 226 (2.81%) Microsoft Office
3 42 (0.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 33 (0.41%) MS Visio
5 24 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
6 11 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
7 6 (0.075%) Photoshop
8 5 (0.062%) Adobe XD
8 5 (0.062%) AutoCAD
9 4 (0.050%) Chatbot
9 4 (0.050%) Gliffy
10 3 (0.037%) Acrobat
11 2 (0.025%) Adobe Illustrator
11 2 (0.025%) InfoPath
11 2 (0.025%) SPSS
12 1 (0.012%) EngageOne
12 1 (0.012%) FrameMaker
12 1 (0.012%) Mathcad
12 1 (0.012%) Simulink
12 1 (0.012%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 82 (1.02%) Dynamics CRM
2 47 (0.58%) NetSuite
3 46 (0.57%) Dynamics AX
4 45 (0.56%) Dynamics NAV
5 25 (0.31%) SAP Business One
6 24 (0.30%) Magento
7 15 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
8 13 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
9 12 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
9 12 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
10 10 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
10 10 (0.12%) Sage 1000
11 9 (0.11%) Infor M3
11 9 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
11 9 (0.11%) Oracle Assets
11 9 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
11 9 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
11 9 (0.11%) Workfront
12 8 (0.100%) Oracle Cash Management
12 8 (0.100%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 2,596 (32.29%) Azure
2 1,048 (13.03%) AWS
3 810 (10.07%) Power Platform
4 379 (4.71%) SaaS
5 340 (4.23%) Microsoft 365
6 264 (3.28%) GCP
7 210 (2.61%) PaaS
8 182 (2.26%) IaaS
9 180 (2.24%) Azure Data Factory
10 167 (2.08%) Serverless
11 128 (1.59%) GitHub
12 114 (1.42%) Dynamics 365
13 107 (1.33%) Azure Active Directory
14 85 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
15 58 (0.72%) Logic Apps
16 56 (0.70%) AWS Lambda
16 56 (0.70%) Azure Functions
17 52 (0.65%) AWS CloudFormation
18 48 (0.60%) Amazon S3
18 48 (0.60%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 166 (2.06%) Firewall
2 130 (1.62%) DNS
3 94 (1.17%) HTTP
4 91 (1.13%) SAN
5 87 (1.08%) DHCP
6 86 (1.07%) TCP/IP
7 83 (1.03%) WAN
8 74 (0.92%) VPN
9 60 (0.75%) VoIP
10 59 (0.73%) LAN
11 56 (0.70%) Skype
12 44 (0.55%) Internet
13 34 (0.42%) VLAN
14 29 (0.36%) NAS
15 25 (0.31%) Wireless
16 24 (0.30%) Wi-Fi
17 23 (0.29%) Network Security
18 22 (0.27%) Intranet
18 22 (0.27%) Remote Desktop
18 22 (0.27%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,106 (26.19%) SQL Server
2 781 (9.71%) Power BI
3 705 (8.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 703 (8.74%) Data Warehouse
5 701 (8.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 693 (8.62%) NoSQL
7 474 (5.90%) PostgreSQL
8 453 (5.63%) MySQL
9 432 (5.37%) Relational Database
10 396 (4.93%) Azure SQL Database
11 326 (4.05%) MongoDB
12 320 (3.98%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 304 (3.78%) Big Data
14 245 (3.05%) Tableau
15 196 (2.44%) Data Lake
16 182 (2.26%) Redis
17 176 (2.19%) Oracle Database
18 142 (1.77%) Hadoop
19 115 (1.43%) Cosmos DB
20 109 (1.36%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 1,001 (12.45%) Git (software)
2 443 (5.51%) Jenkins
3 354 (4.40%) JIRA
4 300 (3.73%) Selenium
5 257 (3.20%) Visual Studio
6 250 (3.11%) Team Foundation Server
7 171 (2.13%) Subversion
8 142 (1.77%) Maven
9 135 (1.68%) JUnit
10 116 (1.44%) Bitbucket
11 104 (1.29%) Mercurial
12 89 (1.11%) Gradle
13 87 (1.08%) Cucumber
14 86 (1.07%) NUnit
15 85 (1.06%) TeamCity
16 81 (1.01%) Octopus Deploy
17 80 (1.00%) SpecFlow
18 78 (0.97%) Visual Studio Team System
19 56 (0.70%) JMeter
19 56 (0.70%) WebDriver
General
1 1,039 (12.92%) Finance
2 255 (3.17%) Marketing
3 253 (3.15%) Public Sector
4 209 (2.60%) Manufacturing
5 206 (2.56%) Retail
6 172 (2.14%) Law
7 156 (1.94%) Telecoms
8 107 (1.33%) Games
9 81 (1.01%) Back Office
10 76 (0.95%) Multimedia
11 65 (0.81%) Banking
12 64 (0.80%) Electronics
13 62 (0.77%) Advertising
14 57 (0.71%) Legal
15 50 (0.62%) Aerospace
16 39 (0.49%) Billing
17 38 (0.47%) Automotive
18 35 (0.44%) Local Government
19 26 (0.32%) Financial Institution
20 23 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,717 (46.23%) Developer
2 1,022 (12.71%) Analyst
3 949 (11.80%) .NET Developer
4 801 (9.96%) Senior Developer
5 736 (9.15%) Software Developer
6 686 (8.53%) C# Developer
7 634 (7.89%) Software Engineer
8 451 (5.61%) Full Stack Developer
9 400 (4.98%) C# .NET Developer
10 383 (4.76%) Azure Engineer
11 364 (4.53%) SQL Developer
12 333 (4.14%) Data Engineer
13 326 (4.05%) Java Developer
14 292 (3.63%) Data Analyst
15 263 (3.27%) Applications Support
16 258 (3.21%) C# Software Developer
17 245 (3.05%) Senior .NET Developer
18 238 (2.96%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 238 (2.96%) DBA
19 236 (2.94%) .NET Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,522 (31.37%) .NET
2 1,582 (19.68%) HTML
3 1,435 (17.85%) CSS
4 1,054 (13.11%) .NET Core
5 988 (12.29%) ASP.NET
6 976 (12.14%) AngularJS
7 766 (9.53%) React
8 621 (7.72%) .NET Framework
9 529 (6.58%) REST
10 475 (5.91%) HTML5
11 468 (5.82%) jQuery
12 456 (5.67%) Web Services
13 433 (5.39%) RESTful
14 420 (5.22%) Node.js
15 380 (4.73%) ASP.NET MVC
16 373 (4.64%) Vue.js
17 367 (4.56%) Spring
18 358 (4.45%) XML
19 338 (4.20%) ASP.NET Web API
20 328 (4.08%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 791 (9.84%) Analytical Skills
2 310 (3.86%) Greenfield Project
3 233 (2.90%) Self-Motivation
4 215 (2.67%) Mobile App
5 200 (2.49%) Management Information System
6 197 (2.45%) Data Structures
7 188 (2.34%) User Experience
8 156 (1.94%) Algorithms
9 143 (1.78%) Enterprise Software
10 119 (1.48%) Data Centre
11 85 (1.06%) Replication
12 84 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
13 75 (0.93%) Clustering
14 64 (0.80%) Public Cloud
15 60 (0.75%) Client/Server
16 49 (0.61%) Life Science
17 47 (0.58%) N-Tier
18 46 (0.57%) NHS
19 42 (0.52%) Private Cloud
19 42 (0.52%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 1,064 (13.23%) Windows
2 808 (10.05%) Linux
3 363 (4.51%) Windows Server
4 195 (2.43%) Unix
5 95 (1.18%) Windows Server 2016
6 91 (1.13%) Windows Server 2012
7 88 (1.09%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 72 (0.90%) Android
9 63 (0.78%) Windows 10
10 58 (0.72%) Apple iOS
11 49 (0.61%) CentOS
12 48 (0.60%) Windows Server 2008
13 44 (0.55%) Ubuntu
14 36 (0.45%) Windows Server 2019
15 28 (0.35%) Windows 7
16 19 (0.24%) AIX
17 18 (0.22%) Solaris
18 9 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
19 7 (0.087%) Mac OS X
19 7 (0.087%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,393 (29.76%) Agile Software Development
2 1,447 (18.00%) DevOps
3 1,268 (15.77%) Business Intelligence
4 1,148 (14.28%) Software Engineering
5 1,081 (13.45%) MVC
6 904 (11.24%) Problem-Solving
7 846 (10.52%) Analytics
8 788 (9.80%) Scrum
9 747 (9.29%) Microservices
10 692 (8.61%) Test Automation
11 676 (8.41%) TDD
12 665 (8.27%) ETL
13 585 (7.28%) OO
14 545 (6.78%) Continuous Integration
15 521 (6.48%) Mentoring
16 519 (6.46%) SDLC
17 504 (6.27%) Migration
18 466 (5.80%) Web Development
19 462 (5.75%) Data Modelling
20 448 (5.57%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 2,862 (35.60%) C#
2 2,439 (30.34%) JavaScript
3 1,417 (17.62%) Java
4 1,307 (16.26%) Python
5 930 (11.57%) T-SQL
6 544 (6.77%) PHP
7 486 (6.04%) PowerShell
8 429 (5.34%) TypeScript
9 332 (4.13%) PL/SQL
10 288 (3.58%) C++
11 194 (2.41%) VB.NET
12 172 (2.14%) R
13 165 (2.05%) Bash Shell
14 152 (1.89%) C
15 144 (1.79%) Go
16 132 (1.64%) Ruby
17 129 (1.60%) VB
18 126 (1.57%) VBA
19 93 (1.16%) Java 8
20 91 (1.13%) Scala
Qualifications
1 886 (11.02%) Degree
2 289 (3.59%) Security Cleared
3 226 (2.81%) SC Cleared
4 207 (2.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 134 (1.67%) Microsoft Certification
6 94 (1.17%) Numerate Degree
7 79 (0.98%) ISTQB
8 59 (0.73%) MCSE
9 49 (0.61%) ISEB
10 48 (0.60%) PhD
11 43 (0.53%) DV Cleared
12 38 (0.47%) CCNA
12 38 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
13 35 (0.44%) MCSA
14 26 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 23 (0.29%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 21 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
17 20 (0.25%) DBS Check
18 18 (0.22%) AWS Certification
18 18 (0.22%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 399 (4.96%) QA
2 172 (2.14%) Data Quality
3 142 (1.77%) SLA
4 83 (1.03%) GDPR
5 38 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 16 (0.20%) PCI DSS
7 11 (0.14%) CDISC
7 11 (0.14%) Good Clinical Practice
7 11 (0.14%) ISO 9001
8 7 (0.087%) GAMP
8 7 (0.087%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 6 (0.075%) GPG13
9 6 (0.075%) PMO
10 5 (0.062%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 4 (0.050%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 4 (0.050%) HIPAA
12 3 (0.037%) IFRS
12 3 (0.037%) ISO 13485
12 3 (0.037%) NCSC
12 3 (0.037%) NIST
System Software
1 791 (9.84%) Docker
2 394 (4.90%) Active Directory
3 214 (2.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 152 (1.89%) Hyper-V
5 35 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
6 34 (0.42%) vSphere
7 33 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
8 32 (0.40%) XenDesktop
9 29 (0.36%) XenApp
10 21 (0.26%) Virtual Servers
11 14 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
12 12 (0.15%) Firmware
13 10 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 9 (0.11%) HDFS
15 8 (0.100%) Terminal Services
15 8 (0.100%) Virtual Desktop
16 7 (0.087%) Postfix
17 6 (0.075%) Citrix Hypervisor
17 6 (0.075%) pfSense
18 5 (0.062%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 554 (6.89%) Kubernetes
2 388 (4.83%) Terraform
3 284 (3.53%) Ansible
4 108 (1.34%) Puppet
5 102 (1.27%) Opscode Chef
6 101 (1.26%) SCCM
7 87 (1.08%) Grafana
8 77 (0.96%) Microsoft Intune
9 58 (0.72%) Prometheus
10 32 (0.40%) Packer
11 29 (0.36%) SCOM
12 26 (0.32%) MIIS
12 26 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
13 24 (0.30%) Failover Clustering
13 24 (0.30%) WSUS
14 19 (0.24%) NetBackup
15 18 (0.22%) Microsoft Clustering
16 17 (0.21%) Oracle RMAN
17 16 (0.20%) ZABBIX
18 14 (0.17%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 2,048 (25.47%) Microsoft
2 912 (11.34%) Oracle
3 328 (4.08%) VMware
4 171 (2.13%) SAP
5 164 (2.04%) Google
6 137 (1.70%) EnterpriseDB
7 120 (1.49%) Databricks
8 108 (1.34%) Salesforce.com
9 104 (1.29%) IBM
10 103 (1.28%) Citrix
11 85 (1.06%) Cisco
12 83 (1.03%) Red Hat
13 77 (0.96%) Atlassian
14 74 (0.92%) Xamarin
15 60 (0.75%) Cognos
16 59 (0.73%) Splunk
17 58 (0.72%) ServiceNow
18 57 (0.71%) Veeam
19 56 (0.70%) MuleSoft
20 53 (0.66%) New Relic