Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 25 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 550 527 520
Rank change year-on-year -23 -7 +13
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 967 502 377
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.55% 0.48% 0.47%
As % of the System Software category 3.10% 2.59% 2.69%
Number of salaries quoted 380 348 278
10th Percentile £30,500 £30,000 £31,175
25th Percentile £38,563 £37,500 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £52,250 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year -4.31% -0.48% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £66,406 £66,875
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £78,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,500 £47,750 £42,500
% change year-on-year -2.62% +12.35% -10.53%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 31,234 19,354 14,040
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.72% 18.52% 17.51%
Number of salaries quoted 15,636 14,125 11,595
10th Percentile £28,000 £30,000 £27,500
25th Percentile £38,750 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £91,250 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 25 June 2022.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -8 767 £52,500 - 107
UK excluding London -34 446 £46,500 -2.62% 75
Work from Home -70 396 £62,500 +4.17% 32
London -62 355 £70,000 +12.00% 41
South East -52 149 £50,000 -10.71% 25
North of England -74 85 £43,750 -11.62% 13
Midlands -62 67 £41,000 +2.50% 13
East of England -29 60 £50,000 +12.36% 7
Yorkshire -44 41 £36,550 -26.16% 2
North West -84 41 £45,000 +8.43% 5
South West +4 40 £46,000 +8.75% 8
Scotland -44 35 £45,000 - 8
West Midlands -45 34 £46,500 -22.50% 11
East Midlands -28 33 £25,000 - 2
Northern Ireland -22 6 £37,500 -
Wales -34 6 £29,500 +4.42% 1
North East -30 3 £60,000 +90.48% 6

For the 6 months to 25 June 2022, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 457 (47.26%) Azure
2 395 (40.85%) Windows
3 380 (39.30%) Linux
4 347 (35.88%) Kubernetes
5 343 (35.47%) DevOps
6 342 (35.37%) Docker
7 295 (30.51%) Python
8 290 (29.99%) Finance
9 286 (29.58%) CI/CD
10 283 (29.27%) AWS
11 270 (27.92%) Firewall
12 261 (26.99%) Terraform
13 260 (26.89%) Agile
14 253 (26.16%) Microsoft
15 246 (25.44%) Ansible
16 237 (24.51%) Git (software)
17 234 (24.20%) Jenkins
18 214 (22.13%) Java
19 211 (21.82%) Test Automation
20 208 (21.51%) Puppet
21 203 (20.99%) Windows Server
22 202 (20.89%) GCP
23 198 (20.48%) Problem-Solving
24 195 (20.17%) Opscode Chef
25 178 (18.41%) SQL
26 169 (17.48%) Active Directory
27 167 (17.27%) Social Skills
28 163 (16.86%) Mentoring
29 156 (16.13%) Infrastructure Engineering
30 155 (16.03%) Degree

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 117 (12.10%) IIS
2 105 (10.86%) Tomcat
3 95 (9.82%) JBoss
4 60 (6.20%) Ethereum
5 54 (5.58%) Elasticsearch
6 33 (3.41%) SharePoint
7 27 (2.79%) MS Exchange
8 21 (2.17%) Apache
9 18 (1.86%) Cloud Foundry
9 18 (1.86%) Skype for Business
10 14 (1.45%) OpenStack
10 14 (1.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 13 (1.34%) Oracle Workflow
11 13 (1.34%) WebLogic
11 13 (1.34%) WebLogic Portal
12 11 (1.14%) Apache Pulsar
12 11 (1.14%) GemFire
12 11 (1.14%) SAS
13 9 (0.93%) Confluence
14 4 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 29 (3.00%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (1.14%) Simulink
3 9 (0.93%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 1 (0.10%) Magento
1 1 (0.10%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 457 (47.26%) Azure
2 283 (29.27%) AWS
3 202 (20.89%) GCP
4 145 (14.99%) Serverless
5 112 (11.58%) OpenShift
6 110 (11.38%) AWS Lambda
7 107 (11.07%) Azure Stack
8 105 (10.86%) AWS CloudFormation
9 103 (10.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 101 (10.44%) Microsoft 365
11 95 (9.82%) AWS CodePipeline
11 95 (9.82%) Cloud Functions
12 94 (9.72%) Azure AKS
13 71 (7.34%) IaaS
13 71 (7.34%) PaaS
14 69 (7.14%) Google Kubernetes Engine
15 66 (6.83%) Azure Active Directory
16 64 (6.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 63 (6.51%) Snowflake
18 51 (5.27%) Azure Monitor
Communications & Networking
1 270 (27.92%) Firewall
2 101 (10.44%) Internet
3 92 (9.51%) DNS
4 86 (8.89%) Network Security
5 54 (5.58%) VPN
6 51 (5.27%) AMQP
6 51 (5.27%) MQTT
7 45 (4.65%) DHCP
8 34 (3.52%) TCP/IP
9 31 (3.21%) VLAN
10 30 (3.10%) SAN
11 26 (2.69%) WAN
12 14 (1.45%) LAN
12 14 (1.45%) Wireshark
13 13 (1.34%) HTTPS
14 12 (1.24%) Skype
15 11 (1.14%) Calico
15 11 (1.14%) SSL
16 9 (0.93%) OpenVPN
16 9 (0.93%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 124 (12.82%) SQL Server
2 51 (5.27%) Amazon Redshift
3 47 (4.86%) BigQuery
4 43 (4.45%) NoSQL
5 42 (4.34%) PostgreSQL
6 32 (3.31%) Big Data
7 29 (3.00%) Oracle Database
8 26 (2.69%) MySQL
9 24 (2.48%) Data Lake
9 24 (2.48%) Data Warehouse
10 22 (2.28%) Hadoop
11 20 (2.07%) Relational Database
12 17 (1.76%) Redis
13 16 (1.65%) Star Schema
14 15 (1.55%) Oracle Database 10g
14 15 (1.55%) Oracle Database 11g
14 15 (1.55%) Oracle Database 12c
15 14 (1.45%) Azure SQL Database
16 13 (1.34%) InfluxDB
17 12 (1.24%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 237 (24.51%) Git (software)
2 234 (24.20%) Jenkins
3 96 (9.93%) Subversion
4 68 (7.03%) Maven
5 41 (4.24%) GitLab
6 34 (3.52%) JIRA
7 27 (2.79%) Cucumber
8 20 (2.07%) Selenium
9 16 (1.65%) Visual Studio
10 15 (1.55%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 15 (1.55%) gulp
10 15 (1.55%) Jaeger
10 15 (1.55%) Protractor
10 15 (1.55%) RStudio
10 15 (1.55%) Toad
11 13 (1.34%) Team Foundation Server
12 12 (1.24%) Sonatype Nexus
13 11 (1.14%) Bitbucket
13 11 (1.14%) Gradle
14 10 (1.03%) CircleCI
General
1 290 (29.99%) Finance
2 167 (17.27%) Social Skills
3 123 (12.72%) Manufacturing
4 110 (11.38%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 110 (11.38%) Retail
5 80 (8.27%) Analytical Skills
6 69 (7.14%) Banking
7 62 (6.41%) Public Sector
8 27 (2.79%) Law
9 24 (2.48%) Aerospace
10 21 (2.17%) Games
10 21 (2.17%) Marketing
10 21 (2.17%) Pharmaceutical
11 16 (1.65%) Presentation Skills
12 12 (1.24%) Automotive
12 12 (1.24%) Telecoms
13 9 (0.93%) Legal
13 9 (0.93%) Local Government
14 8 (0.83%) Documentation Skills
15 7 (0.72%) Billing
Job Titles
1 141 (14.58%) DevOps Engineer
2 98 (10.13%) Senior DevOps
3 97 (10.03%) Senior DevOps Engineer
4 91 (9.41%) Software Engineer
5 86 (8.89%) Architect
6 60 (6.20%) Developer
7 57 (5.89%) Analyst
8 55 (5.69%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 51 (5.27%) Administrator
9 51 (5.27%) Cloud Engineer
10 42 (4.34%) Senior Manager
11 39 (4.03%) Systems Engineer
12 38 (3.93%) Engineering Manager
13 37 (3.83%) Support Engineer
14 34 (3.52%) Site Engineer
14 34 (3.52%) Site Reliability Engineer
15 29 (3.00%) Performance Engineer
16 28 (2.90%) Azure Engineer
16 28 (2.90%) Cloud Architect
16 28 (2.90%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 121 (12.51%) Elastic Stack
2 82 (8.48%) Kafka
3 68 (7.03%) React
4 60 (6.20%) .NET
5 59 (6.10%) WebSockets
6 44 (4.55%) Node.js
7 40 (4.14%) Smart Contracts
8 38 (3.93%) JSON
9 31 (3.21%) Spring Boot
10 28 (2.90%) .NET Core
11 27 (2.79%) ARM Templates
12 25 (2.59%) Spring
13 23 (2.38%) REST
14 20 (2.07%) Akka
15 19 (1.96%) AngularJS
15 19 (1.96%) web3js
16 18 (1.86%) RabbitMQ
17 16 (1.65%) Express
18 15 (1.55%) Gherkin
18 15 (1.55%) Truffle
Miscellaneous
1 138 (14.27%) Algorithms
2 119 (12.31%) Linux Command Line
3 115 (11.89%) Life Science
4 110 (11.38%) Cloud Native
5 72 (7.45%) Self-Motivation
6 69 (7.14%) Blockchain
7 54 (5.58%) Data Centre
7 54 (5.58%) Legacy Code
8 42 (4.34%) Cardano
9 34 (3.52%) Management Information System
10 28 (2.90%) Public Cloud
10 28 (2.90%) User Experience
11 23 (2.38%) Replication
12 20 (2.07%) Mainframe
13 19 (1.96%) Web3
14 18 (1.86%) Cyber Defence
15 16 (1.65%) Enterprise Software
15 16 (1.65%) PKI
16 14 (1.45%) Smartphone
16 14 (1.45%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 395 (40.85%) Windows
2 380 (39.30%) Linux
3 203 (20.99%) Windows Server
4 62 (6.41%) Unix
5 43 (4.45%) VMS
6 42 (4.34%) Windows Server 2019
7 32 (3.31%) Windows Server 2008
8 30 (3.10%) Solaris
9 28 (2.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 25 (2.59%) Windows Server 2012
11 23 (2.38%) Windows 10
12 20 (2.07%) Windows Server 2016
12 20 (2.07%) zOS
13 18 (1.86%) Ubuntu
14 14 (1.45%) Mac OS
15 12 (1.24%) Android
16 9 (0.93%) CentOS
17 8 (0.83%) Windows 7
18 5 (0.52%) Oracle Linux
19 4 (0.41%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 343 (35.47%) DevOps
2 286 (29.58%) CI/CD
3 260 (26.89%) Agile
4 211 (21.82%) Test Automation
5 198 (20.48%) Problem-Solving
6 163 (16.86%) Mentoring
7 156 (16.13%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 154 (15.93%) Software Engineering
9 140 (14.48%) Service Delivery
10 131 (13.55%) Microservices
11 130 (13.44%) Computer Science
12 129 (13.34%) Disaster Recovery
13 126 (13.03%) High Availability
13 126 (13.03%) Infrastructure as Code
14 124 (12.82%) Configuration Management
14 124 (12.82%) Migration
15 120 (12.41%) Coaching
16 117 (12.10%) SDLC
17 116 (12.00%) Business Continuity
18 113 (11.69%) Dependency Management
Programming Languages
1 295 (30.51%) Python
2 214 (22.13%) Java
3 178 (18.41%) SQL
4 132 (13.65%) Bash
5 121 (12.51%) PowerShell
6 89 (9.20%) JavaScript
7 71 (7.34%) C#
8 67 (6.93%) Groovy
9 60 (6.20%) C
10 55 (5.69%) C++
11 47 (4.86%) R
11 47 (4.86%) Scala
12 43 (4.45%) Rust
13 34 (3.52%) TypeScript
14 30 (3.10%) Solidity
15 20 (2.07%) Assembly Language
15 20 (2.07%) COBOL
16 19 (1.96%) Go
17 18 (1.86%) Shell Script
18 17 (1.76%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 155 (16.03%) Degree
2 75 (7.76%) Security Cleared
3 50 (5.17%) Computer Science Degree
4 46 (4.76%) SC Cleared
5 37 (3.83%) Six Sigma Black Belt
6 24 (2.48%) Microsoft Certification
7 19 (1.96%) Cisco Certification
7 19 (1.96%) ISEB
7 19 (1.96%) ISTQB
8 18 (1.86%) CCNA
9 15 (1.55%) CISSP
10 14 (1.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 12 (1.24%) DBS Check
12 11 (1.14%) AAT
12 11 (1.14%) OCP
12 11 (1.14%) Oracle Certification
13 10 (1.03%) A+ Certification
13 10 (1.03%) CISM
13 10 (1.03%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 9 (0.93%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 83 (8.58%) QA
2 44 (4.55%) SLA
3 12 (1.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.52%) NCSC
5 4 (0.41%) PMO
6 2 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
6 2 (0.21%) GDPR
6 2 (0.21%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.10%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.10%) SOC 1
7 1 (0.10%) SOC 2
System Software
1 342 (35.37%) Docker
2 169 (17.48%) Active Directory
3 138 (14.27%) VMware Infrastructure
4 60 (6.20%) Hyper-V
5 17 (1.76%) vSphere
6 15 (1.55%) Firmware
6 15 (1.55%) Oracle Clusterware
6 15 (1.55%) Oracle RAC
7 11 (1.14%) Virtual Desktop
8 10 (1.03%) Virtual Servers
8 10 (1.03%) VMware ESXi
9 7 (0.72%) LXC
10 5 (0.52%) NFS
10 5 (0.52%) Samba
11 4 (0.41%) Microsoft App-V
11 4 (0.41%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 4 (0.41%) VirtualBox
12 3 (0.31%) Ceph
12 3 (0.31%) Shibboleth
13 2 (0.21%) KVM
Systems Management
1 347 (35.88%) Kubernetes
2 261 (26.99%) Terraform
3 246 (25.44%) Ansible
4 208 (21.51%) Puppet
5 195 (20.17%) Opscode Chef
6 48 (4.96%) Grafana
7 39 (4.03%) Prometheus
8 30 (3.10%) Microsoft Intune
9 25 (2.59%) SCCM
10 18 (1.86%) WSUS
11 17 (1.76%) Single Sign-On
12 16 (1.65%) Nagios
13 15 (1.55%) Data Guard
13 15 (1.55%) Kiali
13 15 (1.55%) Kibana
13 15 (1.55%) NetBackup
13 15 (1.55%) Oracle RMAN
13 15 (1.55%) Oracle ZFS
14 14 (1.45%) Graphite
15 11 (1.14%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 253 (26.16%) Microsoft
2 151 (15.62%) VMware
3 130 (13.44%) Splunk
4 74 (7.65%) Oracle
5 38 (3.93%) Google
6 35 (3.62%) Citrix
7 33 (3.41%) Cisco
8 25 (2.59%) IBM
9 24 (2.48%) Dell
9 24 (2.48%) ServiceNow
10 20 (2.07%) Red Hat
11 19 (1.96%) AppDynamics
12 17 (1.76%) Commvault
13 16 (1.65%) SAP
14 15 (1.55%) QinetiQ
14 15 (1.55%) SolarWinds
15 13 (1.34%) Sophos
16 12 (1.24%) NEC
16 12 (1.24%) Northgate
17 9 (0.93%) Veritas