Period
to 22 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 22 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 531 515 515
Rank change year-on-year -16 0 +58
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 245 622 862
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.38% 0.49% 0.57%
As % of the System Software category 2.08% 2.89% 3.66%
Number of salaries quoted 251 509 751
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £53,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +2.80% +7.00%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £77,500 £78,750 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -10.00% - +16.28%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 11,762 21,515 23,558
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.37% 17.06% 15.51%
Number of salaries quoted 9,831 17,780 19,401
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £29,750 £25,500 £25,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +11.76% - +6.25%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 22 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -26 215 £55,000 - 78
UK excluding London -1 155 £45,000 -10.00% 58
London +83 70 £67,500 +3.85% 28
South East +81 60 £58,492 +8.82% 20
Work from Home -56 42 £60,000 -4.00% 19
Midlands +8 35 £35,000 -30.00% 10
North of England +38 31 £49,500 -10.00% 9
West Midlands +24 27 £35,865 -42.62% 5
Yorkshire +23 17 £49,500 -10.00% 2
South West +68 13 £38,000 -10.17% 4
North West +52 12 £55,000 +10.57% 6
Wales +55 10 £30,000 -7.69% 4
East Midlands +22 8 £33,750 -28.95% 5
East of England +76 4 £34,000 -33.33% 6
Scotland +28 2 £46,000 +48.39% 2
North East +24 2 £37,000 -25.23% 1

For the 6 months to 22 January 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 124 (50.61%) Azure
2 116 (47.35%) Microsoft
3 93 (37.96%) Active Directory
3 93 (37.96%) Linux
4 88 (35.92%) Windows
5 82 (33.47%) VMware
6 77 (31.43%) DevOps
7 70 (28.57%) PowerShell
8 66 (26.94%) Windows Server
9 59 (24.08%) VMware Infrastructure
9 59 (24.08%) AWS
10 56 (22.86%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 55 (22.45%) Kubernetes
12 53 (21.63%) Hyper-V
13 51 (20.82%) Problem-Solving
14 49 (20.00%) Office 365
15 48 (19.59%) Docker
15 48 (19.59%) DNS
16 47 (19.18%) Ansible
17 46 (18.78%) Azure Active Directory
18 45 (18.37%) ITIL
19 42 (17.14%) Python
20 39 (15.92%) Agile Software Development
20 39 (15.92%) SQL
21 38 (15.51%) IaaS
22 37 (15.10%) PaaS
23 36 (14.69%) Red Hat
23 36 (14.69%) Firewall
23 36 (14.69%) Infrastructure as Code
24 35 (14.29%) SQL Server

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (7.76%) IIS
1 19 (7.76%) Skype for Business
2 16 (6.53%) MS Exchange
3 13 (5.31%) SharePoint
4 9 (3.67%) Confluence
5 6 (2.45%) Ethereum
6 4 (1.63%) Apache
6 4 (1.63%) Elasticsearch
6 4 (1.63%) Exchange Server 2013
7 2 (0.82%) Apache Spark
7 2 (0.82%) Exchange Server 2010
7 2 (0.82%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.41%) WebSphere
Applications
1 11 (4.49%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.82%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.41%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 1 (0.41%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 6 (2.45%) Quorum
2 2 (0.82%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.41%) Dynamics GP
Cloud Services
1 124 (50.61%) Azure
2 59 (24.08%) AWS
3 49 (20.00%) Office 365
4 46 (18.78%) Azure Active Directory
5 38 (15.51%) IaaS
6 37 (15.10%) PaaS
7 22 (8.98%) Azure ExpressRoute
8 12 (4.90%) Cloud Computing
8 12 (4.90%) SaaS
9 10 (4.08%) Azure Data Factory
10 8 (3.27%) AWS CloudFormation
11 7 (2.86%) GCP
11 7 (2.86%) Serverless
12 6 (2.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 5 (2.04%) Amazon EC2
13 5 (2.04%) Amazon ELB
13 5 (2.04%) Amazon S3
13 5 (2.04%) Pulumi
14 4 (1.63%) Azure Machine Learning
14 4 (1.63%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 48 (19.59%) DNS
2 36 (14.69%) Firewall
3 33 (13.47%) VPN
4 22 (8.98%) LAN
4 22 (8.98%) Skype
5 19 (7.76%) WAN
6 18 (7.35%) DHCP
7 17 (6.94%) Network Security
7 17 (6.94%) SAN
8 15 (6.12%) VLAN
9 14 (5.71%) TCP/IP
10 12 (4.90%) iSCSI
10 12 (4.90%) Remote Desktop
11 10 (4.08%) NetScaler
12 9 (3.67%) Fibre Channel
12 9 (3.67%) Unified Communications
12 9 (3.67%) VoIP
13 6 (2.45%) DMZ
13 6 (2.45%) SSH
13 6 (2.45%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (14.29%) SQL Server
2 22 (8.98%) Azure SQL Database
3 16 (6.53%) Big Data
4 13 (5.31%) MySQL
5 12 (4.90%) Amazon RDS
6 11 (4.49%) Blockchain
7 5 (2.04%) PostgreSQL
8 4 (1.63%) Geospatial Data
8 4 (1.63%) Power BI
8 4 (1.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 4 (1.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 3 (1.22%) Apache Cassandra
9 3 (1.22%) MongoDB
9 3 (1.22%) Redis
10 2 (0.82%) NoSQL
11 1 (0.41%) Amazon Redshift
11 1 (0.41%) BigQuery
11 1 (0.41%) DB2
11 1 (0.41%) RavenDB
11 1 (0.41%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 29 (11.84%) Jenkins
2 17 (6.94%) Git (software)
3 11 (4.49%) JIRA
4 10 (4.08%) Visual Studio
5 8 (3.27%) Bitbucket
6 6 (2.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 6 (2.45%) GitLab
6 6 (2.45%) Gradle
6 6 (2.45%) Maven
6 6 (2.45%) Subversion
7 3 (1.22%) Artifactory
8 2 (0.82%) MSI
9 1 (0.41%) Cypress.io
9 1 (0.41%) Gerrit
9 1 (0.41%) JMeter
9 1 (0.41%) MSTest
9 1 (0.41%) SpecFlow
9 1 (0.41%) Team Foundation Server
9 1 (0.41%) Toad
9 1 (0.41%) Travis CI
General
1 34 (13.88%) Finance
2 10 (4.08%) Banking
2 10 (4.08%) Telecoms
3 9 (3.67%) Public Sector
4 6 (2.45%) Billing
5 5 (2.04%) Games
5 5 (2.04%) Local Government
5 5 (2.04%) Retail
6 4 (1.63%) Back Office
6 4 (1.63%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.82%) Automotive
7 2 (0.82%) Front Office
7 2 (0.82%) Investment Banking
7 2 (0.82%) Marketing
8 1 (0.41%) Advertising
8 1 (0.41%) Electronics
8 1 (0.41%) Housing Association
8 1 (0.41%) Legal
8 1 (0.41%) Police
Job Titles
1 51 (20.82%) DevOps Engineer
2 40 (16.33%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 26 (10.61%) Analyst
4 20 (8.16%) Support Engineer
5 18 (7.35%) Azure Engineer
6 17 (6.94%) Consultant
7 15 (6.12%) Senior DevOps
7 15 (6.12%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 14 (5.71%) Architect
8 14 (5.71%) Systems Administrator
9 13 (5.31%) Azure Consultant
9 13 (5.31%) Infrastructure Analyst
10 12 (4.90%) Linux Engineer
10 12 (4.90%) Linux Systems Administrator
11 11 (4.49%) Administrator
11 11 (4.49%) Cloud Engineer
11 11 (4.49%) Developer
11 11 (4.49%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 10 (4.08%) IT Support
12 10 (4.08%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (5.71%) JSON
2 9 (3.67%) .NET
3 8 (3.27%) Kafka
4 6 (2.45%) REST
5 5 (2.04%) Elastic Stack
5 5 (2.04%) Lambda Expressions
5 5 (2.04%) Node.js
6 4 (1.63%) ActiveMQ
6 4 (1.63%) CSS
6 4 (1.63%) HTML
6 4 (1.63%) PostGIS
7 3 (1.22%) Apache NiFi
7 3 (1.22%) LAMP
7 3 (1.22%) Laravel
7 3 (1.22%) LDAP
7 3 (1.22%) Loki
8 2 (0.82%) .NET Core
8 2 (0.82%) .NET Framework
8 2 (0.82%) AngularJS
8 2 (0.82%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 31 (12.65%) Data Centre
2 16 (6.53%) Analytical Skills
3 13 (5.31%) Clustering
4 12 (4.90%) Public Cloud
5 10 (4.08%) Self-Motivation
6 9 (3.67%) Greenfield Project
7 8 (3.27%) Hybrid Cloud
7 8 (3.27%) Replication
8 7 (2.86%) Management Information System
9 6 (2.45%) Cloud Native
9 6 (2.45%) Linux Command Line
10 5 (2.04%) Enterprise Cloud
10 5 (2.04%) Private Cloud
11 4 (1.63%) AS400
11 4 (1.63%) Virtual Team
12 3 (1.22%) Enterprise Software
13 2 (0.82%) CMDB
13 2 (0.82%) Enterprise Storage
13 2 (0.82%) iSeries
13 2 (0.82%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 93 (37.96%) Linux
2 88 (35.92%) Windows
3 66 (26.94%) Windows Server
4 33 (13.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 23 (9.39%) Unix
6 16 (6.53%) Windows 10
6 16 (6.53%) Windows Server 2012
7 14 (5.71%) Windows Server 2008
8 11 (4.49%) Windows Server 2016
9 8 (3.27%) VMS
9 8 (3.27%) Windows Server 2019
10 7 (2.86%) Solaris
11 5 (2.04%) CentOS
11 5 (2.04%) Oracle Linux
12 3 (1.22%) AIX
12 3 (1.22%) HPUX
12 3 (1.22%) SUSE
12 3 (1.22%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.82%) Android
13 2 (0.82%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 77 (31.43%) DevOps
2 56 (22.86%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 51 (20.82%) Problem-Solving
4 45 (18.37%) ITIL
5 39 (15.92%) Agile Software Development
6 36 (14.69%) Infrastructure as Code
7 34 (13.88%) Migration
8 33 (13.47%) Configuration Management
9 32 (13.06%) Mentoring
10 28 (11.43%) Fintech
11 22 (8.98%) Analytics
12 17 (6.94%) Network Virtualisation
13 16 (6.53%) High Availability
13 16 (6.53%) Service Delivery
14 15 (6.12%) Change Management
15 14 (5.71%) Continuous Improvement
15 14 (5.71%) Cybersecurity
15 14 (5.71%) Presales
16 13 (5.31%) Disaster Recovery
16 13 (5.31%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 70 (28.57%) PowerShell
2 42 (17.14%) Python
3 39 (15.92%) SQL
4 32 (13.06%) Bash Shell
5 19 (7.76%) Java
6 13 (5.31%) Clojure
7 7 (2.86%) PHP
7 7 (2.86%) Ruby
7 7 (2.86%) VB
8 6 (2.45%) JavaScript
9 5 (2.04%) C
9 5 (2.04%) C#
9 5 (2.04%) VBScript
10 3 (1.22%) C++
10 3 (1.22%) Shell Script
11 2 (0.82%) Perl
12 1 (0.41%) T-SQL
12 1 (0.41%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 22 (8.98%) Security Cleared
2 20 (8.16%) Microsoft Certification
3 14 (5.71%) Degree
4 12 (4.90%) SC Cleared
5 10 (4.08%) Cisco Certification
5 10 (4.08%) Citrix Certification
6 8 (3.27%) CCNP
7 7 (2.86%) AWS Certification
7 7 (2.86%) DV Cleared
8 6 (2.45%) MCSA
8 6 (2.45%) MCSE
8 6 (2.45%) RHCE
8 6 (2.45%) RHCSA
9 5 (2.04%) CCNA
10 2 (0.82%) CCA
10 2 (0.82%) CompTIA Security+
10 2 (0.82%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.82%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 1 (0.41%) CCIE Security
11 1 (0.41%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (8.16%) SLA
2 7 (2.86%) GDPR
3 6 (2.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (1.22%) COSHH
4 3 (1.22%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.82%) QA
System Software
1 93 (37.96%) Active Directory
2 59 (24.08%) VMware Infrastructure
3 53 (21.63%) Hyper-V
4 48 (19.59%) Docker
5 19 (7.76%) VMware ESXi
6 14 (5.71%) XenApp
7 11 (4.49%) XenDesktop
8 8 (3.27%) vSphere
9 5 (2.04%) Virtual Desktop
10 4 (1.63%) Terminal Services
10 4 (1.63%) Virtual Servers
10 4 (1.63%) VMware NSX
11 3 (1.22%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 3 (1.22%) NFS
11 3 (1.22%) VMware Server
12 2 (0.82%) Firmware
13 1 (0.41%) DFS Replication
13 1 (0.41%) Microsoft App-V
13 1 (0.41%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 55 (22.45%) Kubernetes
2 47 (19.18%) Ansible
3 33 (13.47%) Terraform
4 31 (12.65%) Puppet
5 28 (11.43%) SCCM
6 15 (6.12%) SCVMM
7 11 (4.49%) Failover Clustering
7 11 (4.49%) Opscode Chef
8 9 (3.67%) XenMobile
9 8 (3.27%) SCOM
9 8 (3.27%) WSUS
10 7 (2.86%) Microsoft Clustering
11 4 (1.63%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
11 4 (1.63%) Microsoft Intune
12 3 (1.22%) Grafana
12 3 (1.22%) Nagios
12 3 (1.22%) Prometheus
13 2 (0.82%) NetBackup
13 2 (0.82%) SELinux
13 2 (0.82%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 116 (47.35%) Microsoft
2 82 (33.47%) VMware
3 36 (14.69%) Red Hat
4 28 (11.43%) Citrix
5 24 (9.80%) Cisco
6 18 (7.35%) Oracle
7 14 (5.71%) Dell
8 9 (3.67%) HP
9 8 (3.27%) Veeam
10 7 (2.86%) EMC
10 7 (2.86%) Google
10 7 (2.86%) SonicWALL
10 7 (2.86%) Splunk
11 6 (2.45%) SolarWinds
12 4 (1.63%) Databricks
12 4 (1.63%) Dialogic
12 4 (1.63%) Draytek
12 4 (1.63%) IBM
13 3 (1.22%) NetApp
13 3 (1.22%) Sun