Period
to 18 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 18 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 539 547 642
Rank change year-on-year +8 +95 -65
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 844 881 852
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.48% 0.46% 0.39%
As % of the System Software category 3.70% 3.69% 3.43%
Number of salaries quoted 682 695 655
UK median annual salary £47,750 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.11% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £27,500 £28,500 £28,500
90th Percentile £78,750 £73,750 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +1.22% +12.33%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 22831 23894 24834
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.07% 12.47% 11.40%
Number of salaries quoted 19227 20102 20679
UK median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +1.27%
10th Percentile £23,750 £23,500 £22,750
90th Percentile £75,000 £71,250 £66,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £39,000 £37,500 £37,500
% change year-on-year +4.00% - +7.14%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 18 October 2017.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +28 791 £48,000 +6.67% 57
UK excluding London +19 445 £42,500 +2.41% 42
London +5 386 £57,500 +4.55% 18
South East +51 140 £45,000 +8.43% 12
North of England +73 112 £38,500 +14.07% 9
Midlands -21 65 £43,250 -3.89% 5
East of England +14 55 £45,000 -5.26% 10
North West +13 55 £42,750 +31.54% 9
West Midlands -17 44 £52,500 +16.67% 3
Yorkshire +42 35 £32,500 -27.78%
South West -26 33 £42,500 +6.25% 3
Scotland -4 24 £70,000 +81.02% 3
North East +37 22 £39,513 -17.85%
East Midlands +43 21 £35,000 -6.67% 2
Wales +16 11 £37,500 -6.25%
Northern Ireland -22 5 £27,500 -14.06%

For the 6 months to 18 October 2017, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 455 (53.91%) Windows
2 395 (46.80%) Linux
3 281 (33.29%) Microsoft
4 279 (33.06%) VMware
5 259 (30.69%) VMware Infrastructure
6 252 (29.86%) Active Directory
7 244 (28.91%) DevOps
8 193 (22.87%) Python
9 185 (21.92%) Ansible
10 170 (20.14%) Windows Server
11 169 (20.02%) Puppet
12 168 (19.91%) Java
13 166 (19.67%) Hyper-V
14 164 (19.43%) Firewall
15 156 (18.48%) Degree
16 154 (18.25%) DNS
17 149 (17.65%) Oracle
18 145 (17.18%) Amazon AWS
18 145 (17.18%) Opscode Chef
19 135 (16.00%) SQL Server
19 135 (16.00%) Agile Software Development
20 129 (15.28%) ITIL
21 128 (15.17%) Microsoft Azure
22 125 (14.81%) Cisco
23 124 (14.69%) SAN
24 123 (14.57%) Computer Science
25 122 (14.45%) Finance
26 116 (13.74%) SQL
27 113 (13.39%) Git (software)
27 113 (13.39%) Security Cleared

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (9.24%) MS Exchange
2 73 (8.65%) Tomcat
3 54 (6.40%) nginx
3 54 (6.40%) SharePoint
4 48 (5.69%) IIS
5 42 (4.98%) WebSphere
6 41 (4.86%) Cloud Foundry
7 39 (4.62%) Confluence
8 36 (4.27%) Apache
9 24 (2.84%) Exchange Server 2010
9 24 (2.84%) Exchange Server 2013
10 18 (2.13%) Exchange Server 2007
11 15 (1.78%) JBoss
11 15 (1.78%) OpenStack
12 14 (1.66%) Elasticsearch
12 14 (1.66%) SharePoint 2013
13 13 (1.54%) Skype for Business
14 12 (1.42%) WebLogic
15 9 (1.07%) SAS
16 6 (0.71%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 76 (9.00%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (1.54%) MS Visio
3 11 (1.30%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.47%) HipChat
5 2 (0.24%) Adobe After Effects
5 2 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.24%) Campfire
5 2 (0.24%) InDesign
5 2 (0.24%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.12%) Acrobat
6 1 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.12%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 4 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.36%) Sage 1000
3 2 (0.24%) Relativity
4 1 (0.12%) Infor SunSystems
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle 11i
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.12%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 145 (17.18%) Amazon AWS
2 128 (15.17%) Microsoft Azure
3 82 (9.72%) PaaS
4 76 (9.00%) Office 365
5 54 (6.40%) IaaS
6 48 (5.69%) npm
7 34 (4.03%) Amazon EC2
7 34 (4.03%) SaaS
8 24 (2.84%) AWS CloudFormation
9 20 (2.37%) Azure Active Directory
10 18 (2.13%) Amazon S3
11 15 (1.78%) Cloud Computing
12 12 (1.42%) Google Cloud Platform
13 10 (1.18%) GitHub
14 8 (0.95%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 7 (0.83%) OpenShift
16 6 (0.71%) Amazon ELB
16 6 (0.71%) Amazon SQS
17 5 (0.59%) Serverless
18 4 (0.47%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 164 (19.43%) Firewall
2 154 (18.25%) DNS
3 124 (14.69%) SAN
4 83 (9.83%) DHCP
5 71 (8.41%) TCP/IP
5 71 (8.41%) VPN
6 64 (7.58%) LAN
6 64 (7.58%) WAN
7 52 (6.16%) Internet
8 48 (5.69%) NAS
9 45 (5.33%) BGP
10 34 (4.03%) Network Security
10 34 (4.03%) VoIP
11 32 (3.79%) LDAP
12 30 (3.55%) Junos
13 29 (3.44%) IGMP
13 29 (3.44%) OSPF
13 29 (3.44%) RIP
14 27 (3.20%) Ethernet
15 26 (3.08%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 135 (16.00%) SQL Server
2 51 (6.04%) MySQL
3 44 (5.21%) SQL Server 2012
4 40 (4.74%) Oracle Database
5 28 (3.32%) NoSQL
6 25 (2.96%) SQL Server 2008
7 23 (2.73%) Relational Database
8 21 (2.49%) SQL Server 2014
9 20 (2.37%) RDBMS
10 18 (2.13%) Hadoop
10 18 (2.13%) MongoDB
11 15 (1.78%) Apache Cassandra
11 15 (1.78%) PostgreSQL
12 14 (1.66%) Oracle Database 12c
13 12 (1.42%) Redis
13 12 (1.42%) SQL Server 2005
14 11 (1.30%) Big Data
14 11 (1.30%) SQL Server 2016
14 11 (1.30%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 8 (0.95%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 113 (13.39%) Git (software)
2 100 (11.85%) Jenkins
3 67 (7.94%) Maven
4 55 (6.52%) Gradle
5 49 (5.81%) JIRA
6 48 (5.69%) gulp
7 40 (4.74%) TeamCity
8 38 (4.50%) JUnit
9 37 (4.38%) Subversion
10 34 (4.03%) Travis CI
11 32 (3.79%) IBM UrbanCode
12 31 (3.67%) CircleCI
13 28 (3.32%) NuGet
14 23 (2.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 17 (2.01%) Jasmine
16 16 (1.90%) Team Foundation Server
17 14 (1.66%) Sonatype Nexus
17 14 (1.66%) Vagrant
18 12 (1.42%) ClearQuest
19 11 (1.30%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 122 (14.45%) Finance
2 69 (8.18%) Telecoms
3 25 (2.96%) Electronics
4 24 (2.84%) Banking
4 24 (2.84%) Marketing
5 22 (2.61%) Retail
6 19 (2.25%) Manufacturing
7 11 (1.30%) Law
8 10 (1.18%) Publishing
9 9 (1.07%) Games
10 8 (0.95%) Automotive
10 8 (0.95%) Investment Banking
11 4 (0.47%) Legal
12 3 (0.36%) Advertising
12 3 (0.36%) Online Betting
13 2 (0.24%) Billing
13 2 (0.24%) Military
13 2 (0.24%) Multimedia
13 2 (0.24%) Retail Banking
14 1 (0.12%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 129 (15.28%) Administrator
2 128 (15.17%) DevOps Engineer
3 95 (11.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 90 (10.66%) Systems Administrator
5 88 (10.43%) Analyst
6 73 (8.65%) Support Engineer
7 54 (6.40%) Architect
7 54 (6.40%) Linux Administrator
8 50 (5.92%) Linux Systems Administrator
9 42 (4.98%) DBA
10 41 (4.86%) Junior
11 39 (4.62%) Security Analyst
12 35 (4.15%) Developer
12 35 (4.15%) Linux Engineer
12 35 (4.15%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 31 (3.67%) Graduate
14 28 (3.32%) Cloud Engineer
15 26 (3.08%) 3rd Line Engineer
15 26 (3.08%) Desktop Support
15 26 (3.08%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (5.33%) Web Services
2 36 (4.27%) LAMP
3 31 (3.67%) .NET
4 25 (2.96%) JSON
4 25 (2.96%) Middleware
4 25 (2.96%) Node.js
5 24 (2.84%) HTML
6 23 (2.73%) REST
7 21 (2.49%) Elastic Stack
8 17 (2.01%) XML
9 16 (1.90%) AngularJS
10 14 (1.66%) HTML5
10 14 (1.66%) WCF
11 13 (1.54%) SOAP
12 12 (1.42%) J2EE
12 12 (1.42%) Oracle GoldenGate
12 12 (1.42%) XMPP
13 11 (1.30%) RESTful
13 11 (1.30%) Servlets
14 10 (1.18%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 123 (14.57%) Computer Science
2 96 (11.37%) Data Centre
3 84 (9.95%) Management Information System
4 61 (7.23%) Analytical Skills
5 35 (4.15%) Clustering
5 35 (4.15%) Replication
6 23 (2.73%) Public Cloud
7 21 (2.49%) Cyberthreat
8 16 (1.90%) Fintech
9 15 (1.78%) Fat Client
9 15 (1.78%) Thin Client
10 14 (1.66%) Internet of Things
11 13 (1.54%) Enterprise Storage
12 12 (1.42%) Private Cloud
12 12 (1.42%) Reinsurance
13 11 (1.30%) Data Structures
13 11 (1.30%) Handset
13 11 (1.30%) Linux Command Line
13 11 (1.30%) PKI
14 10 (1.18%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 455 (53.91%) Windows
2 395 (46.80%) Linux
3 170 (20.14%) Windows Server
4 87 (10.31%) Windows Server 2012
5 80 (9.48%) Unix
5 80 (9.48%) Windows Server 2008
6 71 (8.41%) Windows 7
7 67 (7.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 47 (5.57%) Windows 10
9 45 (5.33%) CentOS
10 44 (5.21%) Windows 8
11 31 (3.67%) Windows Server 2003
12 28 (3.32%) Oracle Linux
13 21 (2.49%) Debian
14 18 (2.13%) VMS
14 18 (2.13%) VxWorks
14 18 (2.13%) Windows 2000 Server
15 16 (1.90%) Solaris
16 15 (1.78%) Mac OS X
16 15 (1.78%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 244 (28.91%) DevOps
2 135 (16.00%) Agile Software Development
3 129 (15.28%) ITIL
4 104 (12.32%) Continuous Integration
5 102 (12.09%) Configuration Management
6 101 (11.97%) Open Source
7 93 (11.02%) Disaster Recovery
8 79 (9.36%) Information Security
9 77 (9.12%) Performance Tuning
10 67 (7.94%) Cybersecurity
11 66 (7.82%) SIEM
12 55 (6.52%) Software Engineering
13 50 (5.92%) Mentoring
14 44 (5.21%) Continuous Delivery
15 40 (4.74%) Information Assurance
15 40 (4.74%) Test Automation
16 38 (4.50%) Presales
17 37 (4.38%) Continuous Improvement
18 36 (4.27%) Service Management
18 36 (4.27%) Software Delivery
Programming Languages
1 193 (22.87%) Python
2 168 (19.91%) Java
3 116 (13.74%) SQL
4 111 (13.15%) PowerShell
5 93 (11.02%) Bash Shell
6 90 (10.66%) Shell Script
7 75 (8.89%) Perl
8 69 (8.18%) Ruby
9 52 (6.16%) JavaScript
10 48 (5.69%) Groovy
11 47 (5.57%) C
12 36 (4.27%) C++
13 30 (3.55%) C#
14 22 (2.61%) PHP
15 13 (1.54%) T-SQL
16 11 (1.30%) VBScript
17 7 (0.83%) ES6
17 7 (0.83%) Go
18 6 (0.71%) Erlang
18 6 (0.71%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 156 (18.48%) Degree
2 113 (13.39%) Security Cleared
3 89 (10.55%) Microsoft Certification
4 65 (7.70%) DV Cleared
5 57 (6.75%) MCSE
6 42 (4.98%) GCIA
6 42 (4.98%) GCIH
6 42 (4.98%) GIAC
7 37 (4.38%) SC Cleared
8 33 (3.91%) Computer Science Degree
9 32 (3.79%) Cisco Certification
9 32 (3.79%) MCSA
10 24 (2.84%) CCNA
11 22 (2.61%) CompTIA Security+
11 22 (2.61%) Security+ Certification
12 20 (2.37%) RHCE
12 20 (2.37%) RHCSA
13 18 (2.13%) MCP
14 16 (1.90%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 14 (1.66%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (5.92%) QA
2 32 (3.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 28 (3.32%) SLA
4 17 (2.01%) NIST 800
5 8 (0.95%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 5 (0.59%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.36%) ISAE 3402
7 3 (0.36%) SSAE 16
8 2 (0.24%) GAMP
8 2 (0.24%) GCP
9 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.12%) GDPR
System Software
1 259 (30.69%) VMware Infrastructure
2 252 (29.86%) Active Directory
3 166 (19.67%) Hyper-V
4 88 (10.43%) Docker
5 48 (5.69%) vSphere
6 44 (5.21%) iptables
7 43 (5.09%) Virtual Servers
8 38 (4.50%) Xen
9 36 (4.27%) NFS
10 32 (3.79%) VirtualBox
10 32 (3.79%) VMware ESXi
11 23 (2.73%) Terminal Services
12 20 (2.37%) KVM
12 20 (2.37%) XenApp
13 14 (1.66%) Oracle RAC
14 13 (1.54%) Microsoft App-V
14 13 (1.54%) XenServer
15 12 (1.42%) Firmware
16 11 (1.30%) LXC
16 11 (1.30%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 185 (21.92%) Ansible
2 169 (20.02%) Puppet
3 145 (17.18%) Opscode Chef
4 59 (6.99%) Kubernetes
5 42 (4.98%) QRadar
6 38 (4.50%) SCCM
7 31 (3.67%) Nagios
7 31 (3.67%) SCVMM
8 24 (2.84%) Nessus
9 23 (2.73%) CSIRT
10 22 (2.61%) Cacti
11 21 (2.49%) McAfee ePO
11 21 (2.49%) Salt
12 20 (2.37%) vCenter Server
13 19 (2.25%) Terraform
14 18 (2.13%) Microsoft Clustering
14 18 (2.13%) Norton AntiVirus
15 16 (1.90%) SCOM
16 15 (1.78%) Data Guard
16 15 (1.78%) logstash
Vendors
1 281 (33.29%) Microsoft
2 279 (33.06%) VMware
3 149 (17.65%) Oracle
4 125 (14.81%) Cisco
5 92 (10.90%) Red Hat
6 76 (9.00%) Citrix
7 65 (7.70%) HP
8 54 (6.40%) IBM
9 43 (5.09%) CheckPoint
10 40 (4.74%) EMC
11 38 (4.50%) Dell
12 35 (4.15%) McAfee
13 32 (3.79%) Atlassian
14 30 (3.55%) BMC
15 28 (3.32%) Google
16 26 (3.08%) NetApp
16 26 (3.08%) Symantec
17 24 (2.84%) BeyondTrust
18 21 (2.49%) Juniper
18 21 (2.49%) Veeam