Period
to 23 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 23 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
23 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 504 505 606
Rank change year-on-year +1 +101 -32
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 775 974 663
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.54% 0.57% 0.39%
As % of the System Software category 3.26% 4.02% 3.16%
Number of salaries quoted 580 790 492
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +7.14% +8.89%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £85,000 £76,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £38,250
% change year-on-year +11.11% +17.65% -10.00%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 23,740 24,217 21,002
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.48% 14.09% 12.41%
Number of salaries quoted 19,359 19,642 17,589
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +11.76% +4.94%
10th Percentile £25,750 £25,000 £23,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year +3.66% +9.33% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 23 May 2019.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 23 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 723 £55,000 +4.76% 37
UK excluding London +78 507 £50,000 +11.11% 26
London -81 254 £65,000 +18.18% 12
South East +47 155 £54,500 +21.11% 8
North of England +11 121 £52,500 - 11
Midlands +25 88 £48,750 -2.50% 1
North West +44 77 £60,000 - 7
West Midlands +5 64 £60,000 +20.00% 1
East of England +83 57 £45,000 - 3
South West +42 48 £45,000 +12.50% 2
Yorkshire -18 36 £42,000 -4.55% 4
Scotland +26 29 £60,000 +50.00%
East Midlands +32 24 £45,000 -10.00%
North East - 8 £50,000 -
Wales +16 4 £51,250 +20.59%
Northern Ireland -23 4 £30,000 -
Isle of Man - 3 £51,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 23 May 2019, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 398 (51.35%) Windows
2 349 (45.03%) Linux
3 302 (38.97%) VMware
4 295 (38.06%) Microsoft Azure
5 261 (33.68%) VMware Infrastructure
6 257 (33.16%) Amazon AWS
6 257 (33.16%) DevOps
7 255 (32.90%) Microsoft
8 230 (29.68%) Active Directory
9 206 (26.58%) Agile Software Development
10 189 (24.39%) Hyper-V
11 187 (24.13%) SQL
12 185 (23.87%) Windows Server
13 164 (21.16%) PowerShell
14 159 (20.52%) Git (software)
15 149 (19.23%) Python
16 140 (18.06%) Problem-Solving
17 139 (17.94%) Docker
18 138 (17.81%) Ansible
18 138 (17.81%) Puppet
19 130 (16.77%) Jenkins
20 125 (16.13%) Firewall
21 109 (14.06%) Azure Active Directory
22 108 (13.94%) DNS
23 107 (13.81%) Data Centre
24 103 (13.29%) Degree
24 103 (13.29%) Infrastructure Engineering
25 100 (12.90%) ITIL
25 100 (12.90%) Oracle
25 100 (12.90%) Opscode Chef

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (10.58%) IIS
2 67 (8.65%) Confluence
3 60 (7.74%) SharePoint
4 55 (7.10%) Apache
5 43 (5.55%) Skype for Business
6 41 (5.29%) Tomcat
7 37 (4.77%) MS Exchange
8 30 (3.87%) CMS
9 19 (2.45%) WordPress
10 18 (2.32%) nginx
11 11 (1.42%) Cloud Foundry
12 10 (1.29%) Exchange Server 2013
13 8 (1.03%) Drupal
13 8 (1.03%) Exchange Server 2010
13 8 (1.03%) Mule
13 8 (1.03%) Mule ESB
13 8 (1.03%) OpenStack
13 8 (1.03%) SharePoint 2013
14 7 (0.90%) Apache Solr
15 6 (0.77%) WebSphere
Applications
1 48 (6.19%) Microsoft Office
2 17 (2.19%) Microsoft Excel
3 8 (1.03%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.52%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.13%) AutoCAD
6 1 (0.13%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (0.65%) Oracle 11i
1 5 (0.65%) Oracle Applications
1 5 (0.65%) Oracle EBS
1 5 (0.65%) Oracle EBS R12
1 5 (0.65%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 1 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.13%) GoldMine
2 1 (0.13%) Lorenzo
2 1 (0.13%) SAP ECC
2 1 (0.13%) SAP MM
2 1 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 295 (38.06%) Microsoft Azure
2 257 (33.16%) Amazon AWS
3 109 (14.06%) Azure Active Directory
4 94 (12.13%) Office 365
5 90 (11.61%) IaaS
6 85 (10.97%) AWS CloudFormation
7 80 (10.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 72 (9.29%) PaaS
9 64 (8.26%) Amazon EC2
9 64 (8.26%) Amazon S3
9 64 (8.26%) SaaS
10 55 (7.10%) Google Cloud Platform
11 40 (5.16%) Amazon SQS
12 31 (4.00%) Cloud Computing
13 24 (3.10%) Serverless
14 22 (2.84%) Datadog
15 19 (2.45%) Azure Functions
16 18 (2.32%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 15 (1.94%) Azure Machine Learning
17 15 (1.94%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 125 (16.13%) Firewall
2 108 (13.94%) DNS
3 79 (10.19%) DHCP
4 69 (8.90%) SAN
5 53 (6.84%) LAN
6 52 (6.71%) WAN
7 44 (5.68%) TCP/IP
8 39 (5.03%) VPN
9 30 (3.87%) Skype
10 25 (3.23%) Unified Communications
11 23 (2.97%) Remote Desktop
12 20 (2.58%) Cisco ASA
12 20 (2.58%) Network Security
13 19 (2.45%) VoIP
14 18 (2.32%) Telepresence
14 18 (2.32%) WebEx
15 16 (2.06%) RTMP
15 16 (2.06%) RTSP
15 16 (2.06%) VLAN
15 16 (2.06%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 87 (11.23%) SQL Server
2 77 (9.94%) MySQL
3 63 (8.13%) Amazon RDS
4 43 (5.55%) Azure SQL Database
5 34 (4.39%) Relational Database
6 31 (4.00%) Oracle Database
7 26 (3.35%) MariaDB
8 20 (2.58%) MongoDB
9 17 (2.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 17 (2.19%) DB2
10 16 (2.06%) NoSQL
11 14 (1.81%) Data Lake
12 12 (1.55%) Oracle Database 10g
12 12 (1.55%) Power BI
13 11 (1.42%) SQL Server 2014
14 9 (1.16%) PostgreSQL
14 9 (1.16%) SQL Server 2012
14 9 (1.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 8 (1.03%) Big Data
16 7 (0.90%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 159 (20.52%) Git (software)
2 130 (16.77%) Jenkins
3 97 (12.52%) JIRA
4 64 (8.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 55 (7.10%) TeamCity
6 51 (6.58%) Octopus Deploy
7 44 (5.68%) Bitbucket Server
8 35 (4.52%) Vagrant
9 30 (3.87%) git-flow
9 30 (3.87%) RSpec
10 29 (3.74%) Visual Studio
11 24 (3.10%) Visual Studio Team System
12 23 (2.97%) Travis CI
13 16 (2.06%) Mercurial
14 15 (1.94%) Team Foundation Server
15 14 (1.81%) GitLab
15 14 (1.81%) Sonatype Nexus
16 11 (1.42%) Gerrit
17 10 (1.29%) Maven
18 8 (1.03%) Artifactory
General
1 58 (7.48%) Finance
2 17 (2.19%) Publishing
3 15 (1.94%) Multimedia
4 11 (1.42%) Banking
4 11 (1.42%) Telecoms
5 10 (1.29%) Marketing
6 9 (1.16%) Retail
7 8 (1.03%) Law
8 5 (0.65%) Manufacturing
9 4 (0.52%) Legal
10 3 (0.39%) Advertising
10 3 (0.39%) Back Office
10 3 (0.39%) Games
10 3 (0.39%) Investment Banking
11 2 (0.26%) Aerospace
11 2 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.13%) Billing
12 1 (0.13%) Financial Institution
12 1 (0.13%) Military
12 1 (0.13%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 143 (18.45%) DevOps Engineer
2 88 (11.35%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 74 (9.55%) Administrator
4 68 (8.77%) Architect
5 62 (8.00%) Systems Administrator
6 59 (7.61%) Consultant
7 48 (6.19%) Systems Engineer
8 40 (5.16%) Linux Administrator
8 40 (5.16%) Linux Systems Administrator
9 37 (4.77%) Developer
10 36 (4.65%) Technical Consultant
11 35 (4.52%) Junior
11 35 (4.52%) Solutions Architect
12 34 (4.39%) Linux Engineer
12 34 (4.39%) Senior DevOps
12 34 (4.39%) Support Engineer
13 33 (4.26%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 32 (4.13%) IT Engineer
15 29 (3.74%) Cloud Architect
16 28 (3.61%) IT Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 56 (7.23%) Web Services
2 54 (6.97%) Elastic Stack
3 37 (4.77%) LAMP
4 32 (4.13%) .NET
5 30 (3.87%) JSON
6 20 (2.58%) REST
6 20 (2.58%) SOAP
7 18 (2.32%) Middleware
7 18 (2.32%) XMPP
8 16 (2.06%) React
8 16 (2.06%) XML
9 15 (1.94%) SAML
10 14 (1.81%) HTML
10 14 (1.81%) RESTful
11 13 (1.68%) Node.js
12 12 (1.55%) Spring
13 11 (1.42%) CSS
13 11 (1.42%) LDAP
14 8 (1.03%) OpenJDK
14 8 (1.03%) RAML
Miscellaneous
1 107 (13.81%) Data Centre
2 91 (11.74%) Public Cloud
3 70 (9.03%) Private Cloud
4 51 (6.58%) Replication
5 41 (5.29%) Self-Motivation
6 39 (5.03%) Analytical Skills
7 35 (4.52%) Hybrid Cloud
8 30 (3.87%) Fintech
9 25 (3.23%) Management Information System
10 22 (2.84%) Linux Command Line
10 22 (2.84%) User Experience
11 20 (2.58%) Mobile App
12 18 (2.32%) Clustering
13 16 (2.06%) Video\Live Streaming
14 14 (1.81%) Life Science
15 12 (1.55%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 12 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
15 12 (1.55%) Smartphone
16 11 (1.42%) Virtual Team
17 9 (1.16%) Fat Client
Operating Systems
1 398 (51.35%) Windows
2 349 (45.03%) Linux
3 185 (23.87%) Windows Server
4 87 (11.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 70 (9.03%) CentOS
6 68 (8.77%) Ubuntu
6 68 (8.77%) Windows Server 2012
7 58 (7.48%) Windows Server 2008
8 44 (5.68%) Unix
9 36 (4.65%) Windows 10
10 31 (4.00%) Windows 7
11 26 (3.35%) Debian
12 22 (2.84%) DC/OS
13 20 (2.58%) VMS
14 17 (2.19%) Android
15 13 (1.68%) Oracle Linux
15 13 (1.68%) Solaris
16 11 (1.42%) Apple iOS
17 10 (1.29%) Data ONTAP
18 9 (1.16%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 257 (33.16%) DevOps
2 206 (26.58%) Agile Software Development
3 140 (18.06%) Problem-Solving
4 103 (13.29%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 100 (12.90%) ITIL
6 97 (12.52%) Configuration Management
7 92 (11.87%) Presales
8 90 (11.61%) Project Management
9 70 (9.03%) Continuous Integration
10 64 (8.26%) Business Intelligence
11 63 (8.13%) Disaster Recovery
12 57 (7.35%) Network Virtualisation
13 56 (7.23%) Migration
13 56 (7.23%) Open Source
13 56 (7.23%) Test Automation
14 55 (7.10%) Mentoring
14 55 (7.10%) SDLC
15 47 (6.06%) Infrastructure as Code
16 45 (5.81%) Computer Science
16 45 (5.81%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 187 (24.13%) SQL
2 164 (21.16%) PowerShell
3 149 (19.23%) Python
4 88 (11.35%) Java
5 77 (9.94%) Bash Shell
6 62 (8.00%) Ruby
7 54 (6.97%) C++
8 51 (6.58%) JavaScript
9 36 (4.65%) Perl
10 32 (4.13%) Shell Script
11 27 (3.48%) PHP
12 26 (3.35%) Go
13 21 (2.71%) C#
14 18 (2.32%) C
15 11 (1.42%) T-SQL
16 8 (1.03%) Objective-C
16 8 (1.03%) VBA
17 7 (0.90%) PHP 5
18 5 (0.65%) Groovy
18 5 (0.65%) ML
Qualifications
1 103 (13.29%) Degree
2 70 (9.03%) Microsoft Certification
3 52 (6.71%) MCSE
4 36 (4.65%) Security Cleared
5 33 (4.26%) Computer Science Degree
6 30 (3.87%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 23 (2.97%) SC Cleared
8 18 (2.32%) MCSA
9 14 (1.81%) Cisco Certification
10 13 (1.68%) ISTQB
11 11 (1.42%) CCNP
12 10 (1.29%) CCNA
12 10 (1.29%) ISEB
12 10 (1.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 9 (1.16%) DV Cleared
13 9 (1.16%) OCP
13 9 (1.16%) Oracle Certification
14 8 (1.03%) ITIL Certification
14 8 (1.03%) RHCE
15 7 (0.90%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (4.00%) QA
2 23 (2.97%) SLA
3 22 (2.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 20 (2.58%) GDPR
5 12 (1.55%) GAMP
6 5 (0.65%) COBIT
7 4 (0.52%) HL7
7 4 (0.52%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.26%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.26%) HIPAA
9 2 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.26%) SSAE 16
10 1 (0.13%) HAZOP
10 1 (0.13%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.13%) PMO
System Software
1 261 (33.68%) VMware Infrastructure
2 230 (29.68%) Active Directory
3 189 (24.39%) Hyper-V
4 139 (17.94%) Docker
5 70 (9.03%) VMware ESXi
6 49 (6.32%) VirtualBox
7 42 (5.42%) XenApp
8 32 (4.13%) vSphere
9 27 (3.48%) XenDesktop
10 16 (2.06%) Oracle RAC
11 13 (1.68%) Terminal Services
11 13 (1.68%) Virtual Servers
12 12 (1.55%) Xen
13 9 (1.16%) BitLocker
13 9 (1.16%) iptables
13 9 (1.16%) Microsoft App-V
14 8 (1.03%) NFS
14 8 (1.03%) Virtual Desktop
15 7 (0.90%) vCloud
16 6 (0.77%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 138 (17.81%) Ansible
1 138 (17.81%) Puppet
2 100 (12.90%) Opscode Chef
3 75 (9.68%) Terraform
4 62 (8.00%) Kubernetes
5 57 (7.35%) Packer
6 50 (6.45%) SCVMM
7 40 (5.16%) Prometheus
8 39 (5.03%) SCCM
9 32 (4.13%) Icinga
10 30 (3.87%) Consul
10 30 (3.87%) Salt
11 22 (2.84%) Docker Swarm
12 20 (2.58%) FortiGate
13 19 (2.45%) Microsoft Intune
13 19 (2.45%) SCOM
14 18 (2.32%) Cisco CUCM
14 18 (2.32%) Cisco UCCX
14 18 (2.32%) vCenter Server
15 17 (2.19%) HP Data Protector
Vendors
1 302 (38.97%) VMware
2 255 (32.90%) Microsoft
3 100 (12.90%) Oracle
4 92 (11.87%) Cisco
5 66 (8.52%) Google
6 62 (8.00%) New Relic
7 59 (7.61%) Citrix
8 42 (5.42%) Red Hat
8 42 (5.42%) Veeam
9 40 (5.16%) NetApp
9 40 (5.16%) Trend Micro
10 36 (4.65%) HP
11 34 (4.39%) Juniper
12 29 (3.74%) Splunk
13 16 (2.06%) CheckPoint
13 16 (2.06%) Dell
14 15 (1.94%) EqualLogic
14 15 (1.94%) Symantec
15 11 (1.42%) arcserve
15 11 (1.42%) IBM