Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 551 581 626
Rank change year-on-year +30 +45 -60
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 834 808 860
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.46% 0.43% 0.39%
As % of the System Software category 3.60% 3.48% 3.46%
Number of salaries quoted 677 627 660
UK median annual salary £48,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.67% - +9.76%
10th Percentile £27,500 £28,750 £29,750
90th Percentile £78,750 £74,250 £71,375
UK excluding London median annual salary £43,000 £41,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +3.61% - +13.70%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 23182 23194 24820
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.90% 12.40% 11.35%
Number of salaries quoted 19404 19481 20702
UK median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
10th Percentile £23,750 £23,500 £22,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £67,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £40,000 £37,500 £37,500
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +32 783 £50,000 +11.11% 49
UK excluding London +24 449 £43,000 +3.61% 37
London +16 375 £60,000 +9.09% 17
South East +34 143 £45,000 +5.88% 8
North of England +67 109 £40,750 +8.67% 10
Midlands -27 67 £50,000 +25.00% 5
East of England +6 55 £46,000 -3.16% 6
North West +6 51 £43,000 +32.31% 7
West Midlands -24 46 £52,500 +16.67%
Yorkshire +31 36 £35,000 -11.39% 2
South West -5 34 £40,000 - 3
Scotland -16 23 £45,000 +26.46% 5
North East +18 22 £39,513 -17.85% 1
East Midlands +20 21 £35,000 -6.67% 5
Wales +13 12 £37,500 -6.25%
Northern Ireland -24 6 £31,250 -2.34%

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 448 (53.72%) Windows
2 380 (45.56%) Linux
3 284 (34.05%) Microsoft
4 257 (30.82%) Active Directory
5 254 (30.46%) VMware
6 234 (28.06%) VMware Infrastructure
7 218 (26.14%) DevOps
8 189 (22.66%) Python
9 175 (20.98%) Java
10 173 (20.74%) Firewall
11 169 (20.26%) Oracle
12 166 (19.90%) Windows Server
13 161 (19.30%) DNS
14 158 (18.94%) Degree
15 157 (18.82%) Ansible
16 148 (17.75%) Hyper-V
17 147 (17.63%) Puppet
18 143 (17.15%) SQL Server
19 142 (17.03%) ITIL
20 138 (16.55%) Amazon AWS
21 135 (16.19%) Microsoft Azure
22 125 (14.99%) SAN
22 125 (14.99%) Agile Software Development
23 120 (14.39%) Cisco
24 118 (14.15%) Computer Science
25 117 (14.03%) Opscode Chef
26 116 (13.91%) Configuration Management
27 112 (13.43%) Finance
27 112 (13.43%) Security Cleared
28 110 (13.19%) SQL

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (9.47%) Tomcat
2 68 (8.15%) MS Exchange
3 57 (6.83%) nginx
3 57 (6.83%) SharePoint
4 47 (5.64%) IIS
5 43 (5.16%) WebSphere
6 41 (4.92%) Cloud Foundry
7 36 (4.32%) Confluence
8 31 (3.72%) Apache
9 25 (3.00%) Exchange Server 2013
10 18 (2.16%) Elasticsearch
10 18 (2.16%) Exchange Server 2010
10 18 (2.16%) SharePoint 2013
11 17 (2.04%) Exchange Server 2007
12 16 (1.92%) BizTalk Server
13 14 (1.68%) JBoss
14 13 (1.56%) OpenStack
14 13 (1.56%) Skype for Business
15 12 (1.44%) Apache Spark
15 12 (1.44%) WebLogic
Applications
1 78 (9.35%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (1.56%) MS Visio
3 11 (1.32%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.48%) HipChat
5 3 (0.36%) Adobe After Effects
5 3 (0.36%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.36%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.24%) InDesign
6 2 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.12%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.12%) AutoCAD
7 1 (0.12%) Final Cut Pro
Business Applications
1 4 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.36%) Sage 1000
3 2 (0.24%) Oracle 11i
3 2 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.24%) Oracle EBS R12
3 2 (0.24%) Relativity
4 1 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.12%) Fredhopper
4 1 (0.12%) Infor SunSystems
4 1 (0.12%) Magento
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.12%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 138 (16.55%) Amazon AWS
2 135 (16.19%) Microsoft Azure
3 90 (10.79%) Office 365
4 72 (8.63%) PaaS
5 48 (5.76%) npm
6 42 (5.04%) IaaS
7 28 (3.36%) Amazon EC2
7 28 (3.36%) SaaS
8 22 (2.64%) AWS CloudFormation
9 21 (2.52%) Amazon S3
9 21 (2.52%) Azure Active Directory
10 16 (1.92%) Google Cloud Platform
11 12 (1.44%) GitHub
12 11 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
13 8 (0.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 8 (0.96%) Mimecast
14 7 (0.84%) OpenShift
15 6 (0.72%) Serverless
16 5 (0.60%) AWS Lambda
16 5 (0.60%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 173 (20.74%) Firewall
2 161 (19.30%) DNS
3 125 (14.99%) SAN
4 89 (10.67%) DHCP
5 80 (9.59%) TCP/IP
6 69 (8.27%) VPN
7 66 (7.91%) WAN
8 65 (7.79%) LAN
9 47 (5.64%) Internet
10 46 (5.52%) NAS
11 43 (5.16%) BGP
12 37 (4.44%) Network Security
13 31 (3.72%) LDAP
14 29 (3.48%) Ethernet
14 29 (3.48%) VoIP
15 28 (3.36%) Junos
16 27 (3.24%) IGMP
16 27 (3.24%) OSPF
16 27 (3.24%) RIP
16 27 (3.24%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 143 (17.15%) SQL Server
2 53 (6.35%) MySQL
3 46 (5.52%) Oracle Database
4 45 (5.40%) SQL Server 2012
5 28 (3.36%) NoSQL
6 24 (2.88%) SQL Server 2014
7 22 (2.64%) SQL Server 2008
8 21 (2.52%) MongoDB
8 21 (2.52%) Relational Database
9 19 (2.28%) RDBMS
9 19 (2.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 17 (2.04%) Big Data
10 17 (2.04%) Hadoop
11 16 (1.92%) Oracle Database 12c
12 15 (1.80%) Apache Cassandra
13 13 (1.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 12 (1.44%) PostgreSQL
15 11 (1.32%) SQL Server 2016
16 10 (1.20%) BusinessObjects
16 10 (1.20%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 102 (12.23%) Jenkins
2 84 (10.07%) Git (software)
3 65 (7.79%) Maven
4 59 (7.07%) Gradle
5 48 (5.76%) gulp
6 47 (5.64%) JIRA
7 40 (4.80%) JUnit
8 39 (4.68%) TeamCity
9 37 (4.44%) Travis CI
10 31 (3.72%) Subversion
11 29 (3.48%) CircleCI
11 29 (3.48%) IBM UrbanCode
12 21 (2.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 19 (2.28%) Jasmine
14 18 (2.16%) Vagrant
15 16 (1.92%) Team Foundation Server
16 12 (1.44%) ClearQuest
16 12 (1.44%) Sonatype Nexus
17 11 (1.32%) Octopus Deploy
18 10 (1.20%) Eclipse
General
1 112 (13.43%) Finance
2 50 (6.00%) Telecoms
3 23 (2.76%) Marketing
4 22 (2.64%) Electronics
5 21 (2.52%) Retail
6 16 (1.92%) Banking
6 16 (1.92%) Manufacturing
7 12 (1.44%) Games
8 10 (1.20%) Law
9 8 (0.96%) Investment Banking
10 7 (0.84%) Automotive
11 6 (0.72%) Publishing
12 5 (0.60%) Advertising
13 4 (0.48%) Online Betting
14 2 (0.24%) Legal
14 2 (0.24%) Military
14 2 (0.24%) Multimedia
15 1 (0.12%) Back Office
15 1 (0.12%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 118 (14.15%) DevOps Engineer
2 109 (13.07%) Administrator
3 95 (11.39%) Analyst
4 86 (10.31%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 80 (9.59%) Support Engineer
6 72 (8.63%) Systems Administrator
7 56 (6.71%) Architect
8 46 (5.52%) DBA
9 45 (5.40%) Linux Administrator
10 44 (5.28%) Security Analyst
11 41 (4.92%) Linux Engineer
12 39 (4.68%) Linux Systems Administrator
13 35 (4.20%) Linux/Unix DevOps
14 34 (4.08%) Junior
15 29 (3.48%) IT Support
16 28 (3.36%) Desktop Support
17 27 (3.24%) Cloud Engineer
18 26 (3.12%) 3rd Line Engineer
18 26 (3.12%) Developer
19 25 (3.00%) Network Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (6.24%) Web Services
2 37 (4.44%) Middleware
3 31 (3.72%) .NET
4 30 (3.60%) LAMP
5 29 (3.48%) HTML
6 26 (3.12%) JSON
6 26 (3.12%) Node.js
7 23 (2.76%) Elastic Stack
8 21 (2.52%) REST
9 17 (2.04%) XML
10 16 (1.92%) HTML5
11 13 (1.56%) AngularJS
11 13 (1.56%) SOAP
12 12 (1.44%) Oracle GoldenGate
12 12 (1.44%) RESTful
12 12 (1.44%) WCF
12 12 (1.44%) XMPP
13 11 (1.32%) Oracle Fusion
14 10 (1.20%) Java EE
14 10 (1.20%) React
Miscellaneous
1 118 (14.15%) Computer Science
2 96 (11.51%) Management Information System
3 95 (11.39%) Data Centre
4 54 (6.47%) Analytical Skills
5 41 (4.92%) Clustering
6 35 (4.20%) Replication
7 25 (3.00%) Cyberthreat
8 22 (2.64%) Public Cloud
9 19 (2.28%) Fintech
10 14 (1.68%) Derivative
10 14 (1.68%) Internet of Things
11 13 (1.56%) Enterprise Storage
11 13 (1.56%) Private Cloud
12 12 (1.44%) Fat Client
12 12 (1.44%) Handset
12 12 (1.44%) Linux Command Line
12 12 (1.44%) Reinsurance
12 12 (1.44%) Thin Client
13 11 (1.32%) User Experience
14 9 (1.08%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 448 (53.72%) Windows
2 380 (45.56%) Linux
3 166 (19.90%) Windows Server
4 101 (12.11%) Unix
5 96 (11.51%) Windows Server 2012
6 83 (9.95%) Windows Server 2008
7 70 (8.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 63 (7.55%) Windows 7
9 46 (5.52%) CentOS
10 45 (5.40%) Windows 10
11 41 (4.92%) Windows 8
12 34 (4.08%) Oracle Linux
13 31 (3.72%) Windows Server 2003
14 23 (2.76%) Solaris
15 19 (2.28%) VMS
16 18 (2.16%) Ubuntu
17 17 (2.04%) Mac OS X
18 16 (1.92%) Debian
18 16 (1.92%) Windows 2000 Server
19 14 (1.68%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 218 (26.14%) DevOps
2 142 (17.03%) ITIL
3 125 (14.99%) Agile Software Development
4 116 (13.91%) Configuration Management
5 98 (11.75%) Disaster Recovery
6 88 (10.55%) Information Security
7 87 (10.43%) Open Source
8 80 (9.59%) Performance Tuning
8 80 (9.59%) SIEM
9 72 (8.63%) Continuous Integration
10 57 (6.83%) Cybersecurity
11 53 (6.35%) Mentoring
12 50 (6.00%) Software Delivery
13 47 (5.64%) Problem Management
14 45 (5.40%) Software Engineering
15 44 (5.28%) Information Assurance
15 44 (5.28%) Security Operations
16 41 (4.92%) Test Automation
17 39 (4.68%) Security Monitoring
18 38 (4.56%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 189 (22.66%) Python
2 175 (20.98%) Java
3 110 (13.19%) SQL
4 94 (11.27%) Bash Shell
5 92 (11.03%) PowerShell
6 84 (10.07%) Shell Script
7 74 (8.87%) Perl
8 63 (7.55%) Ruby
9 62 (7.43%) JavaScript
10 49 (5.88%) Groovy
11 44 (5.28%) C
12 33 (3.96%) C#
13 26 (3.12%) C++
14 19 (2.28%) PHP
15 15 (1.80%) T-SQL
16 11 (1.32%) VBScript
17 8 (0.96%) PL/SQL
17 8 (0.96%) Scala
18 6 (0.72%) ES6
18 6 (0.72%) R
Qualifications
1 158 (18.94%) Degree
2 112 (13.43%) Security Cleared
3 88 (10.55%) Microsoft Certification
4 60 (7.19%) DV Cleared
4 60 (7.19%) MCSE
5 48 (5.76%) GCIA
5 48 (5.76%) GCIH
5 48 (5.76%) GIAC
6 42 (5.04%) SC Cleared
7 38 (4.56%) Cisco Certification
8 32 (3.84%) Computer Science Degree
8 32 (3.84%) MCSA
9 29 (3.48%) CCNA
10 26 (3.12%) CompTIA Security+
10 26 (3.12%) Security+ Certification
11 20 (2.40%) ITIL Certification
11 20 (2.40%) RHCE
12 18 (2.16%) RHCSA
13 17 (2.04%) SANS
14 14 (1.68%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (4.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 30 (3.60%) QA
3 29 (3.48%) SLA
4 15 (1.80%) NIST 800
5 8 (0.96%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 5 (0.60%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.36%) ISAE 3402
7 3 (0.36%) SSAE 16
8 2 (0.24%) GAMP
8 2 (0.24%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.12%) GCP
9 1 (0.12%) GDPR
System Software
1 257 (30.82%) Active Directory
2 234 (28.06%) VMware Infrastructure
3 148 (17.75%) Hyper-V
4 82 (9.83%) Docker
5 50 (6.00%) vSphere
6 43 (5.16%) Virtual Servers
7 40 (4.80%) iptables
8 37 (4.44%) NFS
9 29 (3.48%) Terminal Services
10 26 (3.12%) VMware ESXi
11 23 (2.76%) XenApp
12 16 (1.92%) KVM
12 16 (1.92%) Microsoft App-V
12 16 (1.92%) Oracle RAC
13 15 (1.80%) XenDesktop
14 13 (1.56%) VirtualBox
14 13 (1.56%) Xen
15 12 (1.44%) Firmware
15 12 (1.44%) XenServer
16 11 (1.32%) LXC
Systems Management
1 157 (18.82%) Ansible
2 147 (17.63%) Puppet
3 117 (14.03%) Opscode Chef
4 61 (7.31%) Kubernetes
5 49 (5.88%) QRadar
6 39 (4.68%) SCCM
7 32 (3.84%) Nessus
8 31 (3.72%) CSIRT
9 30 (3.60%) SCVMM
10 28 (3.36%) Nagios
11 23 (2.76%) Microsoft Clustering
12 21 (2.52%) McAfee ePO
12 21 (2.52%) vCenter Server
13 18 (2.16%) Salt
13 18 (2.16%) Terraform
14 17 (2.04%) Cacti
14 17 (2.04%) Data Guard
14 17 (2.04%) SCOM
15 16 (1.92%) logstash
16 15 (1.80%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 284 (34.05%) Microsoft
2 254 (30.46%) VMware
3 169 (20.26%) Oracle
4 120 (14.39%) Cisco
5 83 (9.95%) Red Hat
6 71 (8.51%) Citrix
7 69 (8.27%) HP
8 52 (6.24%) IBM
9 40 (4.80%) CheckPoint
10 35 (4.20%) Dell
10 35 (4.20%) McAfee
11 34 (4.08%) EMC
12 33 (3.96%) Atlassian
13 32 (3.84%) Google
14 29 (3.48%) BeyondTrust
15 27 (3.24%) BMC
16 23 (2.76%) NetApp
16 23 (2.76%) Symantec
17 22 (2.64%) Veeam
18 19 (2.28%) Splunk