Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 556 470 509
Rank change year-on-year -86 +39 +8
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 595 242 724
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.47% 0.50% 0.53%
As % of the System Software category 2.64% 2.70% 3.08%
Number of salaries quoted 396 219 514
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,350 £28,500
25th Percentile £41,188 £33,875 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £45,000 £51,000
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -11.76% -2.86%
75th Percentile £72,500 £64,375 £65,000
90th Percentile £83,750 £74,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £39,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +20.25% -16.84% +10.47%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 22,520 8,952 23,507
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.93% 18.49% 17.24%
Number of salaries quoted 15,491 7,689 19,612
10th Percentile £28,500 £30,500 £25,500
25th Percentile £38,750 £40,000 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -87 497 £52,500 +16.67% 143
UK excluding London -74 345 £47,500 +20.25% 108
London -134 178 £70,000 +8.17% 43
South East -83 134 £52,500 +20.00% 22
Work from Home -169 131 £63,750 +6.25% 23
North of England -74 77 £50,000 +33.33% 33
Midlands -97 50 £42,500 +30.77% 13
North West -64 47 £50,000 +11.11% 21
East of England -73 29 £37,500 +7.14% 11
West Midlands -118 29 £50,000 +54.14% 9
Yorkshire -92 28 £40,000 +11.89% 11
Scotland -68 25 £45,000 - 9
East Midlands -60 21 £30,000 -7.69% 4
South West -81 17 £55,000 +39.24% 18
Wales -56 9 £31,500 -20.25% 1
Northern Ireland - 8 - - 1
North East -32 2 £52,500 +40.00% 1

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 311 (52.27%) Azure
2 288 (48.40%) Windows
3 254 (42.69%) Microsoft
4 211 (35.46%) DevOps
5 206 (34.62%) Active Directory
6 190 (31.93%) Linux
7 182 (30.59%) AWS
8 169 (28.40%) VMware
9 153 (25.71%) Python
10 148 (24.87%) Windows Server
11 139 (23.36%) PowerShell
12 136 (22.86%) Ansible
13 130 (21.85%) Kubernetes
14 128 (21.51%) VMware Infrastructure
15 125 (21.01%) Social Skills
16 123 (20.67%) Terraform
17 120 (20.17%) Firewall
18 106 (17.82%) SQL
19 105 (17.65%) Agile Software Development
20 102 (17.14%) Git (software)
20 102 (17.14%) Docker
21 97 (16.30%) PaaS
21 97 (16.30%) Finance
22 96 (16.13%) Migration
23 94 (15.80%) Microsoft 365
24 93 (15.63%) Jenkins
25 92 (15.46%) Azure Active Directory
26 90 (15.13%) Problem-Solving
27 88 (14.79%) Degree
28 80 (13.45%) IaaS

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (9.41%) MS Exchange
2 55 (9.24%) Elasticsearch
3 35 (5.88%) IIS
4 31 (5.21%) Cloud Foundry
4 31 (5.21%) GemFire
5 25 (4.20%) Apache
6 18 (3.03%) Exchange Server 2013
7 17 (2.86%) SharePoint
8 10 (1.68%) Confluence
8 10 (1.68%) nginx
8 10 (1.68%) OpenStack
9 4 (0.67%) JBoss
10 3 (0.50%) Apache Pulsar
11 2 (0.34%) Ethereum
11 2 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2003
11 2 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2010
11 2 (0.34%) Skype for Business
12 1 (0.17%) Apache Spark
12 1 (0.17%) Sitecore CMS
12 1 (0.17%) Traffic Server
Applications
1 10 (1.68%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (1.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.50%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.50%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.34%) UserZoom
5 1 (0.17%) GIMP
5 1 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.17%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 7 (1.18%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 311 (52.27%) Azure
2 182 (30.59%) AWS
3 97 (16.30%) PaaS
4 94 (15.80%) Microsoft 365
5 92 (15.46%) Azure Active Directory
6 80 (13.45%) IaaS
7 79 (13.28%) GCP
8 47 (7.90%) GitHub
9 40 (6.72%) Serverless
10 26 (4.37%) SaaS
11 21 (3.53%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 21 (3.53%) Azure Key Vault
12 19 (3.19%) AWS CloudFormation
12 19 (3.19%) OpenShift
13 17 (2.86%) Azure Functions
13 17 (2.86%) Azure Service Bus
14 16 (2.69%) Amazon EC2
15 14 (2.35%) Azure Storage
16 10 (1.68%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 10 (1.68%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 120 (20.17%) Firewall
2 60 (10.08%) VPN
3 41 (6.89%) DNS
4 32 (5.38%) Network Security
5 31 (5.21%) Calico
6 29 (4.87%) HTTP
7 25 (4.20%) SAN
8 24 (4.03%) DHCP
8 24 (4.03%) TCP/IP
8 24 (4.03%) Wireless
9 23 (3.87%) WAN
10 22 (3.70%) LAN
11 21 (3.53%) VoIP
12 13 (2.18%) MPLS
12 13 (2.18%) SSL
13 12 (2.02%) IP Telephony
14 11 (1.85%) BGP
15 10 (1.68%) Intranet
15 10 (1.68%) NetScaler
16 9 (1.51%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (9.08%) SQL Server
2 41 (6.89%) PostgreSQL
3 38 (6.39%) MySQL
4 30 (5.04%) Azure SQL Database
5 14 (2.35%) Big Data
6 11 (1.85%) Data Lake
7 10 (1.68%) Data Warehouse
8 7 (1.18%) Amazon RDS
8 7 (1.18%) Blockchain
8 7 (1.18%) Redis
8 7 (1.18%) Relational Database
9 6 (1.01%) Apache Cassandra
9 6 (1.01%) Hadoop
9 6 (1.01%) MongoDB
10 3 (0.50%) Aerospike
10 3 (0.50%) ArangoDB
10 3 (0.50%) CockroachDB
10 3 (0.50%) Couchbase
10 3 (0.50%) NoSQL
10 3 (0.50%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 102 (17.14%) Git (software)
2 93 (15.63%) Jenkins
3 35 (5.88%) Cucumber
4 33 (5.55%) Selenium
4 33 (5.55%) Sonatype Nexus
5 32 (5.38%) gulp
6 31 (5.21%) GitLab
6 31 (5.21%) Gradle
6 31 (5.21%) Protractor
7 23 (3.87%) Maven
8 20 (3.36%) Artifactory
8 20 (3.36%) SonarQube
9 17 (2.86%) TeamCity
10 16 (2.69%) JIRA
11 13 (2.18%) Octopus Deploy
12 12 (2.02%) Bitbucket
13 7 (1.18%) Team Foundation Server
14 5 (0.84%) Subversion
15 4 (0.67%) Visual Studio
16 3 (0.50%) JMeter
General
1 125 (21.01%) Social Skills
2 97 (16.30%) Finance
3 55 (9.24%) Banking
4 44 (7.39%) Law
5 37 (6.22%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 29 (4.87%) Analytical Skills
7 26 (4.37%) Organisational Skills
7 26 (4.37%) Retail
8 24 (4.03%) Public Sector
9 21 (3.53%) Investment Banking
10 19 (3.19%) Front Office
11 15 (2.52%) Automotive
11 15 (2.52%) Manufacturing
12 13 (2.18%) Legal
12 13 (2.18%) Telecoms
13 10 (1.68%) Marketing
14 9 (1.51%) Presentation Skills
15 8 (1.34%) Billing
16 7 (1.18%) Documentation Skills
17 6 (1.01%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 85 (14.29%) Cloud Engineer
2 66 (11.09%) Analyst
3 64 (10.76%) Azure Engineer
4 63 (10.59%) DevOps Engineer
5 61 (10.25%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 49 (8.24%) Support Engineer
7 33 (5.55%) Developer
8 27 (4.54%) IT Analyst
8 27 (4.54%) Software Engineer
9 26 (4.37%) Senior DevOps
10 25 (4.20%) Architect
10 25 (4.20%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
10 25 (4.20%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 25 (4.20%) Systems Engineer
11 24 (4.03%) Administrator
12 23 (3.87%) Support Analyst
13 22 (3.70%) IT Support
14 20 (3.36%) Linux Engineer
14 20 (3.36%) Platform Engineer
15 17 (2.86%) Principal Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (9.92%) Kafka
2 53 (8.91%) Elastic Stack
2 53 (8.91%) Spring
3 38 (6.39%) AngularJS
3 38 (6.39%) ARM Templates
4 36 (6.05%) RabbitMQ
5 35 (5.88%) Node.js
6 32 (5.38%) Spring Boot
7 31 (5.21%) J2EE
7 31 (5.21%) Spring Integration
7 31 (5.21%) WireMock
8 25 (4.20%) .NET
9 17 (2.86%) JSON
10 16 (2.69%) Regular Expression
11 15 (2.52%) REST
12 14 (2.35%) LDAP
13 12 (2.02%) ASP.NET
14 10 (1.68%) jQuery
14 10 (1.68%) LAMP
15 9 (1.51%) React
Miscellaneous
1 64 (10.76%) Data Centre
2 60 (10.08%) Self-Motivation
3 47 (7.90%) Public Cloud
4 39 (6.55%) Management Information System
5 26 (4.37%) Linux Command Line
6 24 (4.03%) Mainframe
7 21 (3.53%) Video\Live Streaming
8 19 (3.19%) Derivative
8 19 (3.19%) Equity Derivative
8 19 (3.19%) Market Risk
9 18 (3.03%) Private Cloud
10 16 (2.69%) Cloud Native
11 15 (2.52%) Enterprise Storage
12 14 (2.35%) Replication
13 13 (2.18%) Cyber Defence
13 13 (2.18%) Cyberthreat
14 11 (1.85%) PKI
15 10 (1.68%) Driving Licence
16 9 (1.51%) HACMP
17 7 (1.18%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 288 (48.40%) Windows
2 190 (31.93%) Linux
3 148 (24.87%) Windows Server
4 49 (8.24%) Windows 10
5 27 (4.54%) VMS
6 25 (4.20%) Windows Server 2016
7 23 (3.87%) Unix
7 23 (3.87%) Windows Server 2012
8 22 (3.70%) Windows Server 2008
8 22 (3.70%) zOS
9 21 (3.53%) Windows Server 2019
10 13 (2.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 13 (2.18%) SUSE
10 13 (2.18%) Windows 7
11 12 (2.02%) HPUX
11 12 (2.02%) Oracle Linux
12 10 (1.68%) Android
13 8 (1.34%) CentOS
13 8 (1.34%) Mac OS X
14 6 (1.01%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 211 (35.46%) DevOps
2 105 (17.65%) Agile Software Development
3 96 (16.13%) Migration
4 90 (15.13%) Problem-Solving
5 74 (12.44%) Analytics
5 74 (12.44%) Infrastructure as Code
5 74 (12.44%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 52 (8.74%) Continuous Integration
7 51 (8.57%) Disaster Recovery
8 44 (7.39%) Computer Science
9 43 (7.23%) Test Automation
10 42 (7.06%) Cybersecurity
11 41 (6.89%) Software Engineering
12 40 (6.72%) Problem Management
12 40 (6.72%) Site Reliability Engineering
13 38 (6.39%) Network Virtualisation
14 37 (6.22%) ITIL
15 35 (5.88%) TDD
16 34 (5.71%) Storage Management
17 33 (5.55%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 153 (25.71%) Python
2 139 (23.36%) PowerShell
3 106 (17.82%) SQL
4 74 (12.44%) Java
5 67 (11.26%) Bash Shell
6 50 (8.40%) JavaScript
7 30 (5.04%) Ruby
8 27 (4.54%) C#
9 25 (4.20%) Go
10 22 (3.70%) Assembly Language
10 22 (3.70%) COBOL
11 17 (2.86%) Perl
12 9 (1.51%) PHP
13 8 (1.34%) C
14 6 (1.01%) Shell Script
15 5 (0.84%) Scala
16 4 (0.67%) Clojure
17 3 (0.50%) C++
17 3 (0.50%) TypeScript
17 3 (0.50%) VB
Qualifications
1 88 (14.79%) Degree
2 69 (11.60%) Security Cleared
3 38 (6.39%) SC Cleared
4 31 (5.21%) OCP
4 31 (5.21%) Oracle Certification
5 28 (4.71%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (4.71%) Microsoft Certification
6 21 (3.53%) DV Cleared
7 15 (2.52%) Cisco Certification
8 13 (2.18%) MCP
9 11 (1.85%) Master's Degree
10 10 (1.68%) A+ Certification
10 10 (1.68%) CCNA
11 9 (1.51%) MCSE
12 8 (1.34%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 5 (0.84%) CCNP
14 4 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
14 4 (0.67%) MCITP
15 3 (0.50%) CompTIA Security+
15 3 (0.50%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (6.39%) SLA
2 17 (2.86%) QA
3 14 (2.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (1.18%) GDPR
5 5 (0.84%) Accessibility
5 5 (0.84%) HL7
5 5 (0.84%) NIST
6 4 (0.67%) HIPAA
6 4 (0.67%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.50%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.34%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.34%) MiFID
8 2 (0.34%) NCSC
8 2 (0.34%) PMO
9 1 (0.17%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 206 (34.62%) Active Directory
2 128 (21.51%) VMware Infrastructure
3 102 (17.14%) Docker
4 68 (11.43%) Hyper-V
5 39 (6.55%) VMware ESXi
6 28 (4.71%) NFS
7 22 (3.70%) vSphere
8 16 (2.69%) VMware NSX
9 15 (2.52%) XenApp
10 13 (2.18%) Firmware
11 12 (2.02%) Virtual Servers
12 10 (1.68%) Terminal Services
13 9 (1.51%) iptables
13 9 (1.51%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 5 (0.84%) KVM
14 5 (0.84%) Virtual Desktop
15 4 (0.67%) Microsoft App-V
15 4 (0.67%) Postfix
16 2 (0.34%) Citrix Hypervisor
16 2 (0.34%) Sendmail
Systems Management
1 136 (22.86%) Ansible
2 130 (21.85%) Kubernetes
3 123 (20.67%) Terraform
4 56 (9.41%) Opscode Chef
5 44 (7.39%) Grafana
6 37 (6.22%) SCCM
7 33 (5.55%) Kibana
7 33 (5.55%) Puppet
8 22 (3.70%) SCOM
9 18 (3.03%) Failover Clustering
10 16 (2.69%) Prometheus
11 15 (2.52%) Packer
12 14 (2.35%) Single Sign-On
13 9 (1.51%) Microsoft Intune
14 8 (1.34%) FortiGate
15 6 (1.01%) Active Directory Federation Services
15 6 (1.01%) Graphite
16 5 (0.84%) HAProxy
16 5 (0.84%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
16 5 (0.84%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 254 (42.69%) Microsoft
2 169 (28.40%) VMware
3 64 (10.76%) Oracle
4 40 (6.72%) Google
5 35 (5.88%) Citrix
6 34 (5.71%) Cisco
6 34 (5.71%) IBM
7 26 (4.37%) NetApp
8 19 (3.19%) PayPal
8 19 (3.19%) Red Hat
9 16 (2.69%) HP
10 15 (2.52%) EMC
11 14 (2.35%) Splunk
12 13 (2.18%) ServiceNow
12 13 (2.18%) Sun
13 12 (2.02%) F5
13 12 (2.02%) Sony
14 11 (1.85%) SAP
15 10 (1.68%) Dell
15 10 (1.68%) Intel