Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 489 537 530
Rank change year-on-year +48 -7 -9
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 758 242 625
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.59% 0.38% 0.49%
As % of the System Software category 3.31% 2.08% 2.90%
Number of salaries quoted 419 210 479
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,725 £30,070
25th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £54,500 £53,750 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +1.40% -2.27% +4.76%
75th Percentile £72,500 £65,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £76,375 £79,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - -10.00% +5.26%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 22,884 11,616 21,548
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.80% 18.39% 17.06%
Number of salaries quoted 15,558 9,820 17,815
10th Percentile £28,000 £29,500 £25,500
25th Percentile £38,500 £38,750 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £78,750 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +11.76% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +48 632 £52,500 -2.78% 116
UK excluding London +24 432 £45,000 - 65
London -89 218 £70,000 +3.70% 58
Work from Home -57 184 £62,500 +4.17% 19
South East -44 127 £52,500 -4.55% 15
North of England -49 109 £43,750 -2.78% 24
East of England -24 69 £38,500 +13.24% 5
Midlands -82 59 £45,000 +28.57% 9
North West -32 55 £47,500 - 11
Yorkshire -45 48 £40,000 -8.05% 12
West Midlands -65 39 £50,000 +39.41% 7
South West -25 34 £47,500 +25.00% 5
Scotland -43 26 £45,000 -2.17% 5
East Midlands -47 18 £42,500 +30.77% 2
Wales -44 9 £33,500 -3.60% 2
North East -31 5 - - 1

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 366 (48.28%) Windows
2 346 (45.65%) Azure
3 239 (31.53%) Microsoft
4 208 (27.44%) DevOps
5 198 (26.12%) Linux
6 190 (25.07%) Python
7 171 (22.56%) SQL
8 161 (21.24%) Active Directory
9 160 (21.11%) PowerShell
9 160 (21.11%) Kubernetes
10 156 (20.58%) VMware
11 152 (20.05%) AWS
12 144 (19.00%) Windows Server
13 138 (18.21%) VMware Infrastructure
14 137 (18.07%) Agile Software Development
15 134 (17.68%) Terraform
15 134 (17.68%) Social Skills
16 126 (16.62%) Docker
17 119 (15.70%) Firewall
18 113 (14.91%) Ansible
19 112 (14.78%) Test Automation
20 109 (14.38%) SDLC
21 108 (14.25%) Finance
21 108 (14.25%) Problem-Solving
22 99 (13.06%) Java
22 99 (13.06%) SQL Server
23 97 (12.80%) Degree
23 97 (12.80%) Git (software)
24 93 (12.27%) Self-Motivation
25 90 (11.87%) Microsoft 365

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (6.46%) MS Exchange
2 38 (5.01%) IIS
3 33 (4.35%) Apache
4 32 (4.22%) Confluence
5 31 (4.09%) SharePoint
6 30 (3.96%) Elasticsearch
6 30 (3.96%) Ethereum
7 16 (2.11%) Cloud Foundry
7 16 (2.11%) GemFire
8 14 (1.85%) Skype for Business
9 8 (1.06%) OpenStack
10 7 (0.92%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.92%) WebLogic
11 6 (0.79%) Apache Pulsar
11 6 (0.79%) Exchange Server 2003
11 6 (0.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 6 (0.79%) Oracle Workflow
11 6 (0.79%) WebLogic Portal
12 5 (0.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 4 (0.53%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 18 (2.37%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (1.06%) Microsoft Project
3 7 (0.92%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.26%) PTC Creo
5 2 (0.26%) UserZoom
6 1 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (0.66%) Magento
2 4 (0.53%) SAP Business One
3 2 (0.26%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 346 (45.65%) Azure
2 152 (20.05%) AWS
3 90 (11.87%) Microsoft 365
4 78 (10.29%) PaaS
5 73 (9.63%) IaaS
6 62 (8.18%) GCP
7 56 (7.39%) Azure Active Directory
8 43 (5.67%) Azure Monitor
9 34 (4.49%) Serverless
10 32 (4.22%) GitHub
11 26 (3.43%) SaaS
12 25 (3.30%) AWS CloudFormation
13 23 (3.03%) Amazon EC2
13 23 (3.03%) Azure Service Bus
14 21 (2.77%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 17 (2.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 17 (2.24%) Amazon ELB
15 17 (2.24%) Amazon S3
15 17 (2.24%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 13 (1.72%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 119 (15.70%) Firewall
2 64 (8.44%) DNS
3 62 (8.18%) VPN
4 32 (4.22%) SAN
5 31 (4.09%) Network Security
6 28 (3.69%) DHCP
7 20 (2.64%) TCP/IP
8 18 (2.37%) WAN
8 18 (2.37%) Wireless
9 17 (2.24%) SSL
10 16 (2.11%) BGP
10 16 (2.11%) Calico
10 16 (2.11%) VoIP
11 14 (1.85%) LAN
12 13 (1.72%) Cisco ASA
12 13 (1.72%) HTTP
12 13 (1.72%) Wireshark
13 12 (1.58%) OSPF
14 10 (1.32%) Intrusion Detection
14 10 (1.32%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 99 (13.06%) SQL Server
2 47 (6.20%) Azure SQL Database
3 37 (4.88%) PostgreSQL
4 33 (4.35%) Blockchain
5 27 (3.56%) MySQL
6 24 (3.17%) Big Data
6 24 (3.17%) SQL Server 2014
7 22 (2.90%) Relational Database
8 21 (2.77%) Hadoop
9 20 (2.64%) NoSQL
10 15 (1.98%) Amazon RDS
10 15 (1.98%) HBase
11 10 (1.32%) Oracle Database
12 9 (1.19%) Redis
13 8 (1.06%) Data Lake
14 7 (0.92%) Amazon Redshift
14 7 (0.92%) InfluxDB
15 6 (0.79%) Aerospike
15 6 (0.79%) ArangoDB
15 6 (0.79%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 97 (12.80%) Git (software)
2 86 (11.35%) Jenkins
3 36 (4.75%) JIRA
4 30 (3.96%) GitLab
4 30 (3.96%) TeamCity
5 29 (3.83%) Team Foundation Server
6 27 (3.56%) Sonatype Nexus
7 26 (3.43%) Cucumber
8 25 (3.30%) Visual Studio
9 24 (3.17%) Octopus Deploy
10 20 (2.64%) Bitbucket
11 19 (2.51%) Selenium
12 18 (2.37%) Gradle
12 18 (2.37%) gulp
13 16 (2.11%) Protractor
14 12 (1.58%) Jaeger
14 12 (1.58%) Maven
15 6 (0.79%) JMeter
16 5 (0.66%) CircleCI
16 5 (0.66%) Subversion
General
1 134 (17.68%) Social Skills
2 108 (14.25%) Finance
3 74 (9.76%) Public Sector
4 57 (7.52%) Legal
5 56 (7.39%) Analytical Skills
6 47 (6.20%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 33 (4.35%) Retail
8 30 (3.96%) Law
9 24 (3.17%) Banking
10 21 (2.77%) Manufacturing
11 19 (2.51%) Aerospace
12 13 (1.72%) Presentation Skills
13 12 (1.58%) Organisational Skills
13 12 (1.58%) Telecoms
14 8 (1.06%) Automotive
14 8 (1.06%) Marketing
15 4 (0.53%) Electronics
15 4 (0.53%) Games
15 4 (0.53%) Influencing Skills
15 4 (0.53%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 82 (10.82%) DevOps Engineer
2 74 (9.76%) Analyst
3 65 (8.58%) Azure Engineer
4 55 (7.26%) Cloud Engineer
5 53 (6.99%) Architect
6 50 (6.60%) Developer
7 47 (6.20%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 35 (4.62%) Software Engineer
9 31 (4.09%) Support Analyst
9 31 (4.09%) Support Engineer
10 30 (3.96%) IT Analyst
11 29 (3.83%) Automation Engineer
11 29 (3.83%) IT Support
12 26 (3.43%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 25 (3.30%) IT Support Analyst
13 25 (3.30%) Site Reliability Engineer
14 24 (3.17%) Solutions Architect
15 23 (3.03%) QA Engineer
15 23 (3.03%) Senior DevOps
16 22 (2.90%) Site Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (7.78%) .NET
2 46 (6.07%) Kafka
3 43 (5.67%) Elastic Stack
4 37 (4.88%) JSON
5 29 (3.83%) Spring Boot
6 27 (3.56%) Node.js
7 26 (3.43%) .NET Framework
7 26 (3.43%) Spring
8 25 (3.30%) AngularJS
9 23 (3.03%) ARM Templates
10 22 (2.90%) Smart Contracts
11 21 (2.77%) RabbitMQ
12 20 (2.64%) Regular Expression
13 18 (2.37%) web3js
14 17 (2.24%) LDAP
14 17 (2.24%) React
15 16 (2.11%) HTML
15 16 (2.11%) J2EE
15 16 (2.11%) Spring Integration
15 16 (2.11%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 93 (12.27%) Self-Motivation
2 58 (7.65%) Mainframe
3 54 (7.12%) Data Centre
4 49 (6.46%) Legacy Code
5 36 (4.75%) Algorithms
6 28 (3.69%) Public Cloud
7 26 (3.43%) Cyber Defence
8 25 (3.30%) Cardano
9 23 (3.03%) Cloud Native
10 19 (2.51%) Linux Command Line
10 19 (2.51%) User Experience
11 18 (2.37%) Driving Licence
11 18 (2.37%) Web3
12 16 (2.11%) Replication
13 15 (1.98%) Cyberthreat
14 14 (1.85%) Management Information System
14 14 (1.85%) Mobile App
14 14 (1.85%) PKI
15 13 (1.72%) Clustering
16 11 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 366 (48.28%) Windows
2 198 (26.12%) Linux
3 144 (19.00%) Windows Server
4 58 (7.65%) zOS
5 44 (5.80%) VMS
6 41 (5.41%) Windows Server 2008
7 39 (5.15%) Windows 10
8 36 (4.75%) Unix
9 32 (4.22%) Windows Server 2016
10 28 (3.69%) Windows Server 2019
11 24 (3.17%) Windows 7
12 16 (2.11%) Mac OS X
12 16 (2.11%) Ubuntu
12 16 (2.11%) Windows Server 2012
13 12 (1.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 11 (1.45%) CentOS
15 10 (1.32%) Solaris
16 6 (0.79%) Android
17 4 (0.53%) Fedora
17 4 (0.53%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 208 (27.44%) DevOps
2 137 (18.07%) Agile Software Development
3 112 (14.78%) Test Automation
4 109 (14.38%) SDLC
5 108 (14.25%) Problem-Solving
6 79 (10.42%) CI/CD
6 79 (10.42%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 74 (9.76%) Infrastructure as Code
8 71 (9.37%) Computer Science
9 70 (9.23%) Software Engineering
10 67 (8.84%) ITIL
11 65 (8.58%) Migration
12 64 (8.44%) Open Source
13 62 (8.18%) Mentoring
14 59 (7.78%) Test Strategy
15 58 (7.65%) Cost Control
16 56 (7.39%) Cybersecurity
17 52 (6.86%) Configuration Management
18 51 (6.73%) Line Management
19 43 (5.67%) Disaster Recovery
Programming Languages
1 190 (25.07%) Python
2 171 (22.56%) SQL
3 160 (21.11%) PowerShell
4 99 (13.06%) Java
5 86 (11.35%) C#
6 84 (11.08%) Bash
7 58 (7.65%) Assembly Language
7 58 (7.65%) COBOL
8 57 (7.52%) JavaScript
9 47 (6.20%) Go
10 41 (5.41%) Ruby
11 33 (4.35%) C
12 22 (2.90%) Shell Script
13 19 (2.51%) Scala
13 19 (2.51%) Solidity
14 16 (2.11%) Rust
15 13 (1.72%) Perl
16 12 (1.58%) Bicep
16 12 (1.58%) C++
16 12 (1.58%) PHP
Qualifications
1 97 (12.80%) Degree
2 90 (11.87%) Security Cleared
3 63 (8.31%) SC Cleared
4 45 (5.94%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (3.69%) DV Cleared
6 27 (3.56%) ISTQB
6 27 (3.56%) Microsoft Certification
6 27 (3.56%) Six Sigma Black Belt
7 25 (3.30%) ISEB
7 25 (3.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 24 (3.17%) DBS Check
9 20 (2.64%) Cisco Certification
10 16 (2.11%) OCP
10 16 (2.11%) Oracle Certification
11 13 (1.72%) CCNA
12 10 (1.32%) CCNP
13 9 (1.19%) MCSE
14 7 (0.92%) MCP
14 7 (0.92%) PMP
14 7 (0.92%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (8.58%) QA
2 41 (5.41%) SLA
3 10 (1.32%) Accessibility
3 10 (1.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (0.92%) GDPR
5 6 (0.79%) PCI DSS
6 5 (0.66%) HL7
6 5 (0.66%) PMO
7 4 (0.53%) HIPAA
7 4 (0.53%) NCSC
7 4 (0.53%) NIST
7 4 (0.53%) NIST 800
8 2 (0.26%) MiFID
System Software
1 161 (21.24%) Active Directory
2 138 (18.21%) VMware Infrastructure
3 126 (16.62%) Docker
4 74 (9.76%) Hyper-V
5 19 (2.51%) NFS
5 19 (2.51%) Virtual Desktop
5 19 (2.51%) vSphere
6 18 (2.37%) VMware ESXi
7 7 (0.92%) Terminal Services
8 6 (0.79%) Firmware
9 5 (0.66%) LXC
10 4 (0.53%) ProxySG
11 3 (0.40%) Microsoft App-V
11 3 (0.40%) VMware NSX
12 1 (0.13%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 1 (0.13%) GPFS
12 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 1 (0.13%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 1 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.13%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 160 (21.11%) Kubernetes
2 134 (17.68%) Terraform
3 113 (14.91%) Ansible
4 55 (7.26%) Opscode Chef
5 51 (6.73%) Grafana
6 37 (4.88%) Prometheus
7 36 (4.75%) SCCM
8 28 (3.69%) Puppet
9 25 (3.30%) Kibana
10 20 (2.64%) SCOM
11 14 (1.85%) Packer
12 13 (1.72%) Microsoft Intune
13 12 (1.58%) Kiali
14 9 (1.19%) Graphite
15 8 (1.06%) Active Directory Federation Services
15 8 (1.06%) Computer Incident Response Team
15 8 (1.06%) HAProxy
16 7 (0.92%) FortiGate
16 7 (0.92%) Single Sign-On
16 7 (0.92%) WSUS
Vendors
1 239 (31.53%) Microsoft
2 156 (20.58%) VMware
3 64 (8.44%) IBM
4 43 (5.67%) Oracle
5 41 (5.41%) Cisco
6 33 (4.35%) Google
7 26 (3.43%) SAP
8 24 (3.17%) NEC
8 24 (3.17%) Northgate
8 24 (3.17%) Splunk
9 23 (3.03%) Citrix
10 20 (2.64%) Dell
11 19 (2.51%) ServiceNow
12 15 (1.98%) PayPal
13 14 (1.85%) F5
14 13 (1.72%) Intel
14 13 (1.72%) Palo Alto
14 13 (1.72%) Red Hat
15 12 (1.58%) AppDynamics
15 12 (1.58%) Cadence