Period
to 3 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 3 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
3 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 505 514 519
Rank change year-on-year +9 +5 +82
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 372 803 1,000
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.47% 0.55% 0.56%
As % of the System Software category 2.67% 3.24% 3.94%
Number of salaries quoted 301 614 870
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +12.90%
10th Percentile £31,250 £32,000 £30,925
90th Percentile £77,500 £77,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £48,500 £46,000
% change year-on-year -7.22% +5.43% +22.67%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 13,942 24,749 25,407
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.61% 16.89% 14.34%
Number of salaries quoted 11,356 20,319 20,630
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +11.76%
10th Percentile £28,000 £25,750 £25,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +10.67%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 3 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 3 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +13 336 £55,000 - 48
UK excluding London +28 233 £45,000 -7.22% 35
London +27 114 £70,000 +10.96% 20
South East +65 94 £50,000 -8.26% 7
North of England +78 65 £37,500 -25.00% 13
Midlands +72 43 £50,000 +5.26% 4
Yorkshire +117 35 £46,250 -15.91% 5
Work from Home +11 29 £55,000 -18.52%
North West +59 24 £37,500 -21.05% 8
East Midlands +58 21 £47,500 -
West Midlands +43 21 £52,500 -16.00% 4
South West +52 13 £38,000 -14.61% 2
Scotland +69 11 £55,000 -21.43% 3
North East +25 6 £37,500 -25.00%
Wales +14 5 £54,250 +35.63% 4
East of England +38 3 £60,000 +100.00% 2

For the 6 months to 3 July 2020, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 193 (51.88%) Windows
2 162 (43.55%) Azure
3 156 (41.94%) Microsoft
4 153 (41.13%) VMware
5 146 (39.25%) Active Directory
6 144 (38.71%) VMware Infrastructure
7 141 (37.90%) Linux
8 114 (30.65%) Windows Server
9 97 (26.08%) Firewall
10 93 (25.00%) Hyper-V
11 79 (21.24%) AWS
12 77 (20.70%) DNS
13 71 (19.09%) SQL
14 67 (18.01%) PowerShell
14 67 (18.01%) DevOps
15 63 (16.94%) Data Centre
16 61 (16.40%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 60 (16.13%) Office 365
18 59 (15.86%) VMware ESXi
19 58 (15.59%) IaaS
20 56 (15.05%) LAN
20 56 (15.05%) Docker
21 55 (14.78%) Disaster Recovery
22 54 (14.52%) WAN
23 53 (14.25%) SQL Server
23 53 (14.25%) Windows 10
24 52 (13.98%) SAN
25 51 (13.71%) DHCP
25 51 (13.71%) Python
25 51 (13.71%) Ansible

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (4.84%) MS Exchange
1 18 (4.84%) SharePoint
1 18 (4.84%) Tomcat
2 14 (3.76%) Confluence
3 13 (3.49%) Apache
3 13 (3.49%) Skype for Business
4 10 (2.69%) IIS
5 9 (2.42%) WildFly
6 8 (2.15%) nginx
7 4 (1.08%) Exchange Server 2013
8 3 (0.81%) BizTalk Server
9 2 (0.54%) Anypoint
9 2 (0.54%) Exchange Server 2007
9 2 (0.54%) WebLogic
10 1 (0.27%) Apache Solr
10 1 (0.27%) CICS
10 1 (0.27%) Drupal
10 1 (0.27%) Elasticsearch
10 1 (0.27%) MQSeries
10 1 (0.27%) Mule
Applications
1 22 (5.91%) Microsoft Office
2 21 (5.65%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (5.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 9 (2.42%) MS Visio
4 7 (1.88%) Gliffy
5 1 (0.27%) Abaqus
5 1 (0.27%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 6 (1.61%) Remedy ITSM
2 4 (1.08%) assyst
3 3 (0.81%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.27%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 162 (43.55%) Azure
2 79 (21.24%) AWS
3 60 (16.13%) Office 365
4 58 (15.59%) IaaS
5 48 (12.90%) PaaS
6 30 (8.06%) GCP
7 26 (6.99%) Azure Active Directory
8 24 (6.45%) Power Platform
9 18 (4.84%) Azure Data Factory
9 18 (4.84%) SaaS
10 17 (4.57%) Cloud Computing
11 15 (4.03%) Amazon EC2
12 13 (3.49%) Serverless
13 11 (2.96%) Azure Stack
14 9 (2.42%) GitHub
15 8 (2.15%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 8 (2.15%) Azure ExpressRoute
16 7 (1.88%) AWS CloudFormation
16 7 (1.88%) AWS Lambda
17 6 (1.61%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 97 (26.08%) Firewall
2 77 (20.70%) DNS
3 56 (15.05%) LAN
4 54 (14.52%) WAN
5 52 (13.98%) SAN
6 51 (13.71%) DHCP
7 42 (11.29%) TCP/IP
8 33 (8.87%) Wireless
9 29 (7.80%) VPN
10 21 (5.65%) NAS
11 19 (5.11%) Fibre Channel
11 19 (5.11%) iSCSI
12 18 (4.84%) VoIP
13 16 (4.30%) SSH
14 14 (3.76%) IP Telephony
15 10 (2.69%) HTTP
15 10 (2.69%) Skype
15 10 (2.69%) WLAN
16 8 (2.15%) Network Security
16 8 (2.15%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (14.25%) SQL Server
2 32 (8.60%) Azure SQL Database
3 22 (5.91%) Power BI
4 18 (4.84%) MySQL
5 16 (4.30%) Data Lake
6 15 (4.03%) Data Warehouse
7 11 (2.96%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
8 8 (2.15%) Big Data
8 8 (2.15%) NoSQL
9 7 (1.88%) MongoDB
9 7 (1.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 7 (1.88%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 4 (1.08%) Amazon RDS
10 4 (1.08%) Microsoft Analysis Services
10 4 (1.08%) SQL Server 2016
10 4 (1.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 3 (0.81%) Relational Database
11 3 (0.81%) SQL Server 2012
11 3 (0.81%) SQL Server 2014
11 3 (0.81%) SQL Server 2017
Development Applications
1 32 (8.60%) Git (software)
2 29 (7.80%) Jenkins
3 18 (4.84%) JIRA
4 12 (3.23%) Eclipse
4 12 (3.23%) NetBeans
5 10 (2.69%) Bitbucket
6 9 (2.42%) git-flow
6 9 (2.42%) RSpec
7 6 (1.61%) SpecFlow
8 5 (1.34%) GitLab
8 5 (1.34%) Octopus Deploy
8 5 (1.34%) TeamCity
9 4 (1.08%) JUnit
9 4 (1.08%) Mercurial
9 4 (1.08%) NUnit
9 4 (1.08%) Selenium
9 4 (1.08%) Subversion
10 3 (0.81%) MSI
10 3 (0.81%) Team Foundation Server
10 3 (0.81%) Visual Studio
General
1 38 (10.22%) Finance
2 23 (6.18%) Retail
3 14 (3.76%) Games
3 14 (3.76%) Manufacturing
3 14 (3.76%) Telecoms
4 12 (3.23%) Billing
5 11 (2.96%) Public Sector
6 8 (2.15%) Banking
7 7 (1.88%) Law
8 4 (1.08%) Automotive
8 4 (1.08%) Military
9 3 (0.81%) Advertising
9 3 (0.81%) Marketing
10 2 (0.54%) Legal
10 2 (0.54%) Publishing
11 1 (0.27%) Electronics
11 1 (0.27%) Investment Banking
11 1 (0.27%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 58 (15.59%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 43 (11.56%) Support Engineer
3 37 (9.95%) Administrator
4 35 (9.41%) DevOps Engineer
4 35 (9.41%) Systems Administrator
5 30 (8.06%) Architect
6 29 (7.80%) Azure Engineer
7 28 (7.53%) Cloud Engineer
8 24 (6.45%) Analyst
8 24 (6.45%) Developer
9 23 (6.18%) IT Engineer
10 22 (5.91%) 3rd Line Engineer
11 17 (4.57%) IT Support
12 16 (4.30%) 2nd/3rd Line Support
12 16 (4.30%) 2nd/3rd Line Support Engineer
12 16 (4.30%) 3rd Line Support
12 16 (4.30%) 3rd Line Support Engineer
12 16 (4.30%) IT Administrator
12 16 (4.30%) IT Systems Administrator
13 15 (4.03%) Azure Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (4.84%) .NET
2 15 (4.03%) Elastic Stack
3 12 (3.23%) AWT
3 12 (3.23%) Java ME
3 12 (3.23%) Java SE
3 12 (3.23%) JSP
4 10 (2.69%) Node.js
4 10 (2.69%) REST
4 10 (2.69%) Web Services
5 9 (2.42%) Akka
5 9 (2.42%) RabbitMQ
5 9 (2.42%) RESTful
6 8 (2.15%) OpenJDK
6 8 (2.15%) SOAP
7 7 (1.88%) jQuery
7 7 (1.88%) OAuth
8 6 (1.61%) Lambda Expressions
8 6 (1.61%) React
9 5 (1.34%) LDAP
10 4 (1.08%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 63 (16.94%) Data Centre
2 49 (13.17%) Clustering
3 33 (8.87%) Public Cloud
4 21 (5.65%) Management Information System
5 20 (5.38%) Self-Motivation
6 14 (3.76%) Driving Licence
7 12 (3.23%) Private Cloud
8 11 (2.96%) Analytical Skills
9 10 (2.69%) CMDB
9 10 (2.69%) Enterprise Software
10 9 (2.42%) Cloud Native
11 8 (2.15%) Fat Client
11 8 (2.15%) Hybrid Cloud
11 8 (2.15%) Thin Client
11 8 (2.15%) User Experience
12 7 (1.88%) Replication
13 5 (1.34%) CCTV
13 5 (1.34%) Video Conferencing
13 5 (1.34%) VxBlock/Vblock
14 4 (1.08%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 193 (51.88%) Windows
2 141 (37.90%) Linux
3 114 (30.65%) Windows Server
4 53 (14.25%) Windows 10
5 40 (10.75%) Windows Server 2012
6 34 (9.14%) Windows Server 2016
7 31 (8.33%) Unix
8 27 (7.26%) Windows 7
9 23 (6.18%) Windows Server 2008
10 20 (5.38%) Ubuntu
11 16 (4.30%) Windows Server 2019
12 13 (3.49%) Windows Server 2003
13 12 (3.23%) Debian
13 12 (3.23%) SUSE
14 11 (2.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 11 (2.96%) Solaris
15 6 (1.61%) CentOS
15 6 (1.61%) VMS
15 6 (1.61%) Windows 8
16 4 (1.08%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 67 (18.01%) DevOps
2 61 (16.40%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 55 (14.78%) Disaster Recovery
4 50 (13.44%) Agile Software Development
5 40 (10.75%) Change Management
6 37 (9.95%) Migration
7 31 (8.33%) Analytics
8 28 (7.53%) Incident Management
8 28 (7.53%) ITIL
8 28 (7.53%) Problem-Solving
9 26 (6.99%) Problem Management
10 23 (6.18%) Business Intelligence
10 23 (6.18%) Patch Management
11 21 (5.65%) Open Source
11 21 (5.65%) Virtual Environments
12 20 (5.38%) Release Management
12 20 (5.38%) Service Delivery
13 19 (5.11%) Data Analytics
14 18 (4.84%) Load Balancing
14 18 (4.84%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 71 (19.09%) SQL
2 67 (18.01%) PowerShell
3 51 (13.71%) Python
4 49 (13.17%) Java
5 21 (5.65%) JavaScript
6 20 (5.38%) Bash Shell
6 20 (5.38%) Perl
7 19 (5.11%) C++
8 17 (4.57%) C#
9 15 (4.03%) Ruby
10 12 (3.23%) VB
11 10 (2.69%) PHP
11 10 (2.69%) Shell Script
12 7 (1.88%) Go
13 5 (1.34%) C
13 5 (1.34%) TypeScript
14 4 (1.08%) T-SQL
15 3 (0.81%) Groovy
15 3 (0.81%) Korn
15 3 (0.81%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 38 (10.22%) Security Cleared
2 33 (8.87%) Microsoft Certification
3 24 (6.45%) Degree
3 24 (6.45%) MCSE
4 22 (5.91%) Cisco Certification
5 21 (5.65%) SC Cleared
6 20 (5.38%) DV Cleared
7 18 (4.84%) CCNA
8 16 (4.30%) MCSA
9 10 (2.69%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 7 (1.88%) Computer Science Degree
11 5 (1.34%) CCNP
11 5 (1.34%) RHCE
12 3 (0.81%) RHCSA
13 2 (0.54%) Linux+ Certification
13 2 (0.54%) OCA
13 2 (0.54%) OCP
13 2 (0.54%) Oracle Certification
13 2 (0.54%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 2 (0.54%) VCAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (9.14%) SLA
2 4 (1.08%) GDPR
2 4 (1.08%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 4 (1.08%) QA
3 1 (0.27%) HL7
System Software
1 146 (39.25%) Active Directory
2 144 (38.71%) VMware Infrastructure
3 93 (25.00%) Hyper-V
4 59 (15.86%) VMware ESXi
5 56 (15.05%) Docker
6 18 (4.84%) Firmware
7 15 (4.03%) Virtual Desktop
7 15 (4.03%) VMware Server
8 14 (3.76%) Virtual Servers
9 10 (2.69%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 10 (2.69%) vSphere
9 10 (2.69%) XenApp
10 9 (2.42%) VMware Workstation
10 9 (2.42%) Xen
11 6 (1.61%) Microsoft App-V
12 5 (1.34%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 5 (1.34%) NFS
13 4 (1.08%) DFS Replication
14 3 (0.81%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 3 (0.81%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 51 (13.71%) Ansible
2 49 (13.17%) SCCM
3 35 (9.41%) Kubernetes
4 33 (8.87%) Puppet
5 29 (7.80%) WSUS
6 27 (7.26%) Terraform
7 23 (6.18%) SCVMM
8 18 (4.84%) Opscode Chef
8 18 (4.84%) vCenter Server
9 14 (3.76%) Icinga
10 12 (3.23%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
11 11 (2.96%) Microsoft Intune
11 11 (2.96%) Packer
11 11 (2.96%) SCOM
12 10 (2.69%) Microsoft Clustering
12 10 (2.69%) Prometheus
12 10 (2.69%) vRealize Orchestrator
13 9 (2.42%) Consul
13 9 (2.42%) Salt
14 5 (1.34%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
Vendors
1 156 (41.94%) Microsoft
2 153 (41.13%) VMware
3 44 (11.83%) Cisco
4 39 (10.48%) Oracle
5 28 (7.53%) Citrix
6 27 (7.26%) Veeam
7 23 (6.18%) Red Hat
8 22 (5.91%) Google
9 21 (5.65%) HP
10 15 (4.03%) Databricks
11 14 (3.76%) Sun
12 12 (3.23%) Brocade
12 12 (3.23%) PlateSpin
12 12 (3.23%) Splunk
13 11 (2.96%) Tableau
13 11 (2.96%) VirtaMove
14 9 (2.42%) Symantec
15 7 (1.88%) Arista
15 7 (1.88%) Emulex
16 6 (1.61%) Remedy