Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 487 556 565
Rank change year-on-year +69 +9 +66
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 949 862 924
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.56% 0.49% 0.47%
As % of the System Software category 3.84% 3.84% 3.75%
Number of salaries quoted 768 700 711
UK median annual salary £55,000 £48,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +14.58% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £27,500 £31,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £76,250 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £40,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +12.50% -5.88% +6.25%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 24,745 22,434 24,633
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.64% 12.73% 12.50%
Number of salaries quoted 20,026 18,894 20,882
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £24,750 £24,000 £23,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £38,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year +11.84% +1.33% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +71 912 £55,000 +14.58% 125
UK excluding London +18 479 £45,000 +12.50% 81
London +53 455 £65,000 +13.04% 48
North of England +93 166 £47,000 +25.33% 17
South East +22 153 £41,250 +2.48% 23
North West +79 110 £47,500 +26.67% 13
Midlands +26 77 £47,500 +31.03% 11
West Midlands +52 59 £47,500 +11.76% 7
Yorkshire +56 55 £42,500 +21.43% 4
East of England -3 42 £43,750 -7.89% 16
East Midlands -3 18 £45,000 +28.57% 3
South West -4 17 £45,500 +30.00% 10
Scotland -33 14 £45,000 -35.71% 2
Wales +3 5 £42,500 +13.33% 2
Northern Ireland +1 5 £30,000 +9.09%
North East -38 1 £42,500 +7.56%

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 512 (53.95%) Windows
2 445 (46.89%) Linux
3 435 (45.84%) Microsoft Azure
4 344 (36.25%) SQL
5 297 (31.30%) Git (software)
6 287 (30.24%) Amazon AWS
7 282 (29.72%) Microsoft
8 277 (29.19%) Active Directory
9 256 (26.98%) VMware
10 254 (26.77%) DevOps
11 244 (25.71%) VMware Infrastructure
12 233 (24.55%) Agile Software Development
13 179 (18.86%) Windows Server
14 177 (18.65%) Amazon EC2
15 159 (16.75%) Ansible
16 158 (16.65%) Docker
17 157 (16.54%) Python
18 156 (16.44%) Jenkins
19 155 (16.33%) Amazon S3
20 146 (15.38%) Finance
21 144 (15.17%) Office 365
22 142 (14.96%) Firewall
23 141 (14.86%) Business Intelligence
24 136 (14.33%) MySQL
25 129 (13.59%) SQL Server
26 126 (13.28%) PowerShell
27 125 (13.17%) Hyper-V
28 123 (12.96%) Test Automation
28 123 (12.96%) Java
28 123 (12.96%) JavaScript

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 119 (12.54%) IIS
2 87 (9.17%) Confluence
3 78 (8.22%) Ethereum
4 71 (7.48%) MS Exchange
5 58 (6.11%) SharePoint
6 27 (2.85%) Skype for Business
7 25 (2.63%) Elasticsearch
7 25 (2.63%) Tomcat
8 24 (2.53%) Exchange Server 2013
9 21 (2.21%) Apache Spark
10 20 (2.11%) Cloud Foundry
11 18 (1.90%) WebLogic
12 17 (1.79%) Exchange Server 2007
12 17 (1.79%) Exchange Server 2010
12 17 (1.79%) nginx
13 14 (1.48%) NServiceBus
14 13 (1.37%) Apache
15 12 (1.26%) SugarCRM
16 11 (1.16%) Oracle Application Server
17 10 (1.05%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 56 (5.90%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (1.16%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.42%) MS Visio
4 3 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.11%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 37 (3.90%) Distributed Ledger
2 17 (1.79%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.53%) Remedy ITSM
4 4 (0.42%) C-CURE
5 3 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
5 3 (0.32%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.21%) Magento
6 2 (0.21%) Sage 200
7 1 (0.11%) Elite 3E
7 1 (0.11%) FLEXCUBE
7 1 (0.11%) Lorenzo
7 1 (0.11%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 435 (45.84%) Microsoft Azure
2 287 (30.24%) Amazon AWS
3 177 (18.65%) Amazon EC2
4 155 (16.33%) Amazon S3
5 144 (15.17%) Office 365
6 121 (12.75%) Azure Active Directory
7 112 (11.80%) GitHub
8 103 (10.85%) IaaS
9 101 (10.64%) AWS CloudFormation
10 100 (10.54%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 99 (10.43%) Cloud Computing
12 86 (9.06%) Amazon SQS
13 54 (5.69%) Serverless
14 46 (4.85%) Azure Data Factory
14 46 (4.85%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
15 41 (4.32%) PaaS
16 17 (1.79%) SaaS
17 15 (1.58%) Google Cloud Platform
18 13 (1.37%) Datadog
19 9 (0.95%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 142 (14.96%) Firewall
2 120 (12.64%) DNS
3 113 (11.91%) SAN
4 81 (8.54%) DHCP
5 63 (6.64%) TCP/IP
6 61 (6.43%) VPN
7 55 (5.80%) NAS
8 50 (5.27%) WAN
9 48 (5.06%) LAN
10 28 (2.95%) VLAN
11 27 (2.85%) Skype
12 25 (2.63%) VoIP
13 24 (2.53%) Intrusion Detection
14 22 (2.32%) BGP
15 21 (2.21%) Internet
15 21 (2.21%) Remote Desktop
16 20 (2.11%) Wireless
17 17 (1.79%) Network Security
17 17 (1.79%) OSPF
18 16 (1.69%) RTSP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 136 (14.33%) MySQL
2 129 (13.59%) SQL Server
3 104 (10.96%) NoSQL
4 92 (9.69%) Amazon RDS
5 87 (9.17%) Redis
6 85 (8.96%) PostgreSQL
7 80 (8.43%) Blockchain
8 79 (8.32%) Big Data
9 56 (5.90%) Azure SQL Database
10 50 (5.27%) Power BI
11 46 (4.85%) Data Lake
12 43 (4.53%) Relational Database
13 29 (3.06%) Oracle Database
14 26 (2.74%) Hadoop
15 25 (2.63%) MongoDB
16 24 (2.53%) SQL Server 2008
17 21 (2.21%) Apache Hive
18 17 (1.79%) Oracle Database 11g
18 17 (1.79%) Oracle Database 12c
19 16 (1.69%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 297 (31.30%) Git (software)
2 156 (16.44%) Jenkins
3 118 (12.43%) JIRA
4 105 (11.06%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 99 (10.43%) Octopus Deploy
5 99 (10.43%) TeamCity
6 70 (7.38%) Visual Studio
7 58 (6.11%) Mocha
8 27 (2.85%) Visual Studio Team System
9 22 (2.32%) Vagrant
10 19 (2.00%) GitLab
11 16 (1.69%) Travis CI
12 15 (1.58%) Maven
13 13 (1.37%) JUnit
14 12 (1.26%) Selenium
14 12 (1.26%) Team Foundation Server
15 11 (1.16%) Gradle
15 11 (1.16%) Mercurial
15 11 (1.16%) Subversion
16 8 (0.84%) Cucumber
General
1 146 (15.38%) Finance
2 123 (12.96%) Banking
3 95 (10.01%) Telecoms
4 48 (5.06%) Marketing
5 30 (3.16%) Investment Banking
6 23 (2.42%) Law
6 23 (2.42%) Retail
7 12 (1.26%) Japanese Language
8 11 (1.16%) German Language
9 10 (1.05%) Manufacturing
10 9 (0.95%) Games
11 8 (0.84%) Legal
11 8 (0.84%) Military
12 7 (0.74%) Automotive
13 5 (0.53%) Advertising
13 5 (0.53%) Back Office
14 4 (0.42%) Aerospace
14 4 (0.42%) Publishing
15 3 (0.32%) Spanish Language
16 2 (0.21%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 160 (16.86%) DevOps Engineer
2 139 (14.65%) Developer
3 108 (11.38%) Consultant
4 95 (10.01%) Administrator
5 90 (9.48%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 71 (7.48%) Systems Administrator
7 69 (7.27%) Blockchain Developer
8 54 (5.69%) Backend Developer
9 51 (5.37%) Node.js Developer
10 50 (5.27%) Analyst
11 47 (4.95%) IT Support
11 47 (4.95%) Support Engineer
12 46 (4.85%) Architect
13 44 (4.64%) Business Intelligence Consultant
14 43 (4.53%) Microsoft BI Consultant
14 43 (4.53%) Power BI Consultant
14 43 (4.53%) Senior Developer
15 39 (4.11%) DevOps Manager
16 34 (3.58%) JavaScript Developer
17 33 (3.48%) Linux Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 104 (10.96%) Node.js
2 79 (8.32%) Smart Contracts
3 78 (8.22%) Truffle
3 78 (8.22%) web3js
4 76 (8.01%) HTML
5 68 (7.17%) CSS
6 58 (6.11%) Chai
6 58 (6.11%) Enzyme
7 57 (6.01%) Jest
8 43 (4.53%) React
9 39 (4.11%) .NET
10 37 (3.90%) Web Services
11 34 (3.58%) RESTful
12 33 (3.48%) HTML5
13 31 (3.27%) CSS3
14 21 (2.21%) AngularJS
15 19 (2.00%) LDAP
16 18 (1.90%) LAMP
16 18 (1.90%) REST
17 17 (1.79%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 108 (11.38%) Private Cloud
2 84 (8.85%) Data Centre
3 78 (8.22%) Bitcoin
4 72 (7.59%) Computer Science
5 55 (5.80%) Analytical Skills
6 47 (4.95%) Replication
7 44 (4.64%) Self-Motivation
8 38 (4.00%) Management Information System
9 31 (3.27%) User Experience
10 28 (2.95%) Data Protection Act
11 27 (2.85%) Public Cloud
12 26 (2.74%) Cybercrime
13 18 (1.90%) PKI
14 17 (1.79%) EMC VNX
14 17 (1.79%) Enterprise Software
14 17 (1.79%) Video\Live Streaming
15 15 (1.58%) Data Structures
16 14 (1.48%) CMDB
16 14 (1.48%) Fintech
17 13 (1.37%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 512 (53.95%) Windows
2 445 (46.89%) Linux
3 179 (18.86%) Windows Server
4 79 (8.32%) Windows Server 2008
5 76 (8.01%) Unix
6 67 (7.06%) VMS
6 67 (7.06%) Windows Server 2012
7 46 (4.85%) Windows 10
8 41 (4.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 32 (3.37%) CentOS
9 32 (3.37%) Ubuntu
9 32 (3.37%) Windows 7
10 24 (2.53%) Debian
11 19 (2.00%) Mac OS X
12 16 (1.69%) Solaris
13 13 (1.37%) Oracle Linux
13 13 (1.37%) Windows Server 2003
14 11 (1.16%) Android
14 11 (1.16%) DC/OS
15 10 (1.05%) FreeNAS
Processes & Methodologies
1 254 (26.77%) DevOps
2 233 (24.55%) Agile Software Development
3 141 (14.86%) Business Intelligence
4 123 (12.96%) Test Automation
5 114 (12.01%) Configuration Management
5 114 (12.01%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 98 (10.33%) Network Virtualisation
7 96 (10.12%) Problem-Solving
8 95 (10.01%) Continuous Integration
9 88 (9.27%) Presales
10 82 (8.64%) API Development
11 81 (8.54%) Front End Development
12 80 (8.43%) API Design
12 80 (8.43%) Cybersecurity
13 74 (7.80%) ITIL
14 73 (7.69%) Service Delivery
15 64 (6.74%) Data Security
15 64 (6.74%) Disaster Recovery
16 63 (6.64%) Identity Management
16 63 (6.64%) KYC
Programming Languages
1 344 (36.25%) SQL
2 157 (16.54%) Python
3 126 (13.28%) PowerShell
4 123 (12.96%) Java
4 123 (12.96%) JavaScript
5 112 (11.80%) C#
6 79 (8.32%) ES6
6 79 (8.32%) Solidity
7 77 (8.11%) Bash Shell
8 64 (6.74%) Ruby
9 62 (6.53%) C
10 46 (4.85%) U-SQL
11 31 (3.27%) C++
12 30 (3.16%) Perl
13 27 (2.85%) Shell Script
14 24 (2.53%) Scala
15 23 (2.42%) VBA
16 19 (2.00%) Elixir
17 18 (1.90%) Go
18 17 (1.79%) Lua
Qualifications
1 100 (10.54%) Degree
2 82 (8.64%) Microsoft Certification
3 60 (6.32%) MCSE
4 51 (5.37%) Security Cleared
5 43 (4.53%) Computer Science Degree
6 39 (4.11%) Cisco Certification
7 34 (3.58%) CCNA
7 34 (3.58%) DV Cleared
8 31 (3.27%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 29 (3.06%) CompTIA Security+
10 28 (2.95%) CISMP
10 28 (2.95%) CISSP
11 27 (2.85%) CCNP
12 24 (2.53%) Master's Degree
13 23 (2.42%) MCSA
14 22 (2.32%) SC Cleared
15 20 (2.11%) MCP
16 14 (1.48%) EMC Certification
17 13 (1.37%) AWS Certification
18 10 (1.05%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (3.79%) SLA
2 32 (3.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 32 (3.37%) QA
3 28 (2.95%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 12 (1.26%) PCI DSS
5 8 (0.84%) GAMP
6 6 (0.63%) COBIT
7 5 (0.53%) Data Quality
7 5 (0.53%) GDPR
8 4 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 2 (0.21%) GCP
10 1 (0.11%) Def Stans
10 1 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.11%) HL7
10 1 (0.11%) ISO 15765
10 1 (0.11%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 277 (29.19%) Active Directory
2 244 (25.71%) VMware Infrastructure
3 158 (16.65%) Docker
4 125 (13.17%) Hyper-V
5 66 (6.95%) vSphere
6 39 (4.11%) XenApp
7 33 (3.48%) Virtual Servers
8 29 (3.06%) VMware ESXi
9 25 (2.63%) XenDesktop
10 21 (2.21%) Virtual Desktop
11 20 (2.11%) Microsoft App-V
12 19 (2.00%) Firmware
13 17 (1.79%) VirtualBox
14 16 (1.69%) HDFS
15 14 (1.48%) Apache Flume
16 12 (1.26%) iptables
16 12 (1.26%) NFS
17 11 (1.16%) Oracle RAC
18 10 (1.05%) Terminal Services
19 7 (0.74%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 159 (16.75%) Ansible
2 111 (11.70%) Kubernetes
3 102 (10.75%) Puppet
4 70 (7.38%) SCCM
5 69 (7.27%) Docker Swarm
6 57 (6.01%) Opscode Chef
7 47 (4.95%) SCVMM
8 35 (3.69%) Terraform
9 24 (2.53%) SCOrch
9 24 (2.53%) ZABBIX
10 23 (2.42%) Microsoft Intune
10 23 (2.42%) Nagios
11 20 (2.11%) Kibana
11 20 (2.11%) vMotion
12 19 (2.00%) Cisco CUCM
12 19 (2.00%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
12 19 (2.00%) vRealize
13 18 (1.90%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 17 (1.79%) SCDPM
14 17 (1.79%) SCSM
Vendors
1 282 (29.72%) Microsoft
2 256 (26.98%) VMware
3 115 (12.12%) Oracle
4 108 (11.38%) New Relic
5 88 (9.27%) Citrix
6 84 (8.85%) Trend Micro
7 78 (8.22%) Cisco
8 56 (5.90%) Red Hat
9 46 (4.85%) HP
10 44 (4.64%) EMC
10 44 (4.64%) Tableau
11 34 (3.58%) Google
12 25 (2.63%) Atlassian
13 22 (2.32%) Veeam
14 20 (2.11%) Brocade
15 17 (1.79%) Apple
15 17 (1.79%) CommVault
15 17 (1.79%) IBM
16 16 (1.69%) BMC
16 16 (1.69%) Isilon