Period
to 8 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 8 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
8 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 506 499 572
Rank change year-on-year -7 +73 +39
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 685 907 835
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.52% 0.57% 0.46%
As % of the System Software category 3.00% 3.73% 3.58%
Number of salaries quoted 508 747 676
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.38% +6.67%
10th Percentile £29,250 £28,250 £28,500
90th Percentile £76,250 £85,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £43,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% +4.65% +7.50%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 22,841 24,345 23,311
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.19% 15.32% 12.96%
Number of salaries quoted 18,776 19,872 19,412
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% +5.88%
10th Percentile £25,500 £25,000 £24,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 8 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 8 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 630 £55,000 - 114
UK excluding London +35 464 £50,000 +11.11% 86
London -22 198 £60,000 -7.69% 35
South East +16 149 £55,000 +22.22% 21
Midlands +74 114 £47,500 -7.32% 14
North of England -23 96 £50,000 +12.36% 25
West Midlands +40 70 £62,500 +13.64% 5
North West -32 60 £43,000 -8.99% 15
East of England +32 44 £34,750 -22.78% 9
East Midlands +49 43 £47,500 +15.15% 8
Yorkshire +24 31 £55,000 +52.78% 10
South West +2 26 £42,300 -6.00% 10
Scotland +25 22 £42,500 +27.82% 4
Wales +5 9 £38,500 -23.00% 1
North East +24 5 £23,000 -45.88%
Northern Ireland +1 4 £37,500 +25.00% 2

For the 6 months to 8 December 2019, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 387 (56.50%) Windows
2 284 (41.46%) VMware
3 274 (40.00%) Microsoft
4 253 (36.93%) VMware Infrastructure
5 240 (35.04%) Azure
6 239 (34.89%) Active Directory
7 231 (33.72%) Linux
8 209 (30.51%) Hyper-V
9 179 (26.13%) Windows Server
10 150 (21.90%) AWS
11 144 (21.02%) SQL
12 138 (20.15%) Data Centre
13 135 (19.71%) Agile Software Development
14 133 (19.42%) DevOps
15 120 (17.52%) ITIL
16 118 (17.23%) Office 365
17 116 (16.93%) SCCM
17 116 (16.93%) Problem-Solving
18 115 (16.79%) Firewall
19 114 (16.64%) Infrastructure Engineering
20 107 (15.62%) DNS
21 90 (13.14%) Management Information System
21 90 (13.14%) PowerShell
22 89 (12.99%) SharePoint
23 85 (12.41%) SQL Server
23 85 (12.41%) Windows Server 2012
24 84 (12.26%) VMware ESXi
25 83 (12.12%) Windows Server 2008
26 82 (11.97%) Java
27 81 (11.82%) Python

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 89 (12.99%) SharePoint
2 52 (7.59%) MS Exchange
3 34 (4.96%) Exchange Server 2010
4 30 (4.38%) Skype for Business
5 27 (3.94%) IIS
6 16 (2.34%) Apache
6 16 (2.34%) nginx
7 15 (2.19%) Tomcat
8 11 (1.61%) Cloud Foundry
9 10 (1.46%) Anypoint
9 10 (1.46%) OpenStack
10 9 (1.31%) Confluence
11 8 (1.17%) SharePoint 2013
12 5 (0.73%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
12 5 (0.73%) CMS
12 5 (0.73%) WebSphere
13 4 (0.58%) JBoss
14 2 (0.29%) Drupal
14 2 (0.29%) Exchange Server 2003
14 2 (0.29%) Liferay
Applications
1 39 (5.69%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (1.61%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.88%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.58%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.15%) Doxygen
5 1 (0.15%) Gliffy
5 1 (0.15%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 5 (0.73%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.44%) Oracle Applications
2 3 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.29%) Eikon
3 2 (0.29%) Oracle 11i
3 2 (0.29%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.15%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.15%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 240 (35.04%) Azure
2 150 (21.90%) AWS
3 118 (17.23%) Office 365
4 58 (8.47%) IaaS
5 49 (7.15%) Azure Active Directory
6 42 (6.13%) PaaS
7 33 (4.82%) SaaS
8 32 (4.67%) AWS CloudFormation
8 32 (4.67%) Cloud Computing
9 29 (4.23%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 25 (3.65%) Power Platform
11 23 (3.36%) Amazon EC2
12 22 (3.21%) Amazon S3
12 22 (3.21%) GCP
13 18 (2.63%) Amazon ECS
13 18 (2.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 13 (1.90%) Serverless
15 9 (1.31%) Azure Functions
16 7 (1.02%) Azure Data Factory
16 7 (1.02%) Azure ExpressRoute
Communications & Networking
1 115 (16.79%) Firewall
2 107 (15.62%) DNS
3 81 (11.82%) SAN
4 62 (9.05%) DHCP
5 61 (8.91%) TCP/IP
6 45 (6.57%) LAN
7 42 (6.13%) WAN
8 38 (5.55%) VPN
9 37 (5.40%) Network Security
10 32 (4.67%) Wireless
11 30 (4.38%) NAS
12 24 (3.50%) VLAN
13 22 (3.21%) VoIP
14 19 (2.77%) Internet
15 18 (2.63%) SMTP
16 13 (1.90%) Intrusion Detection
16 13 (1.90%) Remote Desktop
17 12 (1.75%) Skype
17 12 (1.75%) SSL
18 11 (1.61%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (12.41%) SQL Server
2 47 (6.86%) MySQL
3 44 (6.42%) Azure SQL Database
4 27 (3.94%) Amazon RDS
5 23 (3.36%) Power BI
6 22 (3.21%) Relational Database
7 18 (2.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 18 (2.63%) Data Lake
8 17 (2.48%) NoSQL
9 11 (1.61%) Cosmos DB
10 10 (1.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 9 (1.31%) MariaDB
12 7 (1.02%) Hadoop
13 6 (0.88%) Big Data
13 6 (0.88%) MongoDB
13 6 (0.88%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 4 (0.58%) Oracle Database
15 3 (0.44%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
15 3 (0.44%) Blockchain
15 3 (0.44%) HDInsight
Development Applications
1 73 (10.66%) Git (software)
2 54 (7.88%) Jenkins
3 30 (4.38%) JIRA
4 26 (3.80%) TeamCity
5 20 (2.92%) Eclipse
6 18 (2.63%) NetBeans
7 16 (2.34%) gulp
8 14 (2.04%) Jasmine
9 11 (1.61%) Gerrit
10 10 (1.46%) Visual Studio Team System
11 9 (1.31%) GitLab
11 9 (1.31%) Grunt
11 9 (1.31%) Maven
11 9 (1.31%) Octopus Deploy
11 9 (1.31%) Visual Studio
12 7 (1.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 7 (1.02%) Gradle
12 7 (1.02%) Mocha
13 6 (0.88%) Mercurial
13 6 (0.88%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 81 (11.82%) Finance
2 39 (5.69%) Retail
3 25 (3.65%) Automotive
4 24 (3.50%) Aerospace
5 22 (3.21%) Telecoms
6 16 (2.34%) Marketing
6 16 (2.34%) Public Sector
7 15 (2.19%) Games
8 9 (1.31%) Local Government
8 9 (1.31%) Military
9 8 (1.17%) Banking
9 8 (1.17%) Manufacturing
9 8 (1.17%) Publishing
10 7 (1.02%) Billing
11 6 (0.88%) Advertising
11 6 (0.88%) Law
12 5 (0.73%) Electronics
13 4 (0.58%) German Language
13 4 (0.58%) Welsh Language
14 2 (0.29%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 105 (15.33%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 85 (12.41%) DevOps Engineer
3 72 (10.51%) Architect
4 64 (9.34%) Support Engineer
5 57 (8.32%) Developer
6 56 (8.18%) Analyst
7 39 (5.69%) Systems Engineer
8 37 (5.40%) IT Support
9 36 (5.26%) Security Engineer
10 34 (4.96%) Senior DevOps
10 34 (4.96%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 31 (4.53%) Consultant
12 29 (4.23%) Azure Engineer
13 28 (4.09%) IT Engineer
13 28 (4.09%) Senior Developer
14 27 (3.94%) Solutions Architect
14 27 (3.94%) Support Analyst
15 26 (3.80%) Administrator
16 24 (3.50%) Systems Administrator
17 22 (3.21%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 61 (8.91%) Web Services
2 32 (4.67%) HTML
3 27 (3.94%) .NET
4 22 (3.21%) AngularJS
5 20 (2.92%) JSP
6 19 (2.77%) CSS
7 18 (2.63%) AWT
7 18 (2.63%) Java ME
7 18 (2.63%) Java SE
8 17 (2.48%) Middleware
9 16 (2.34%) HTML5
10 15 (2.19%) React
11 14 (2.04%) LAMP
11 14 (2.04%) LDAP
12 13 (1.90%) Node.js
13 12 (1.75%) RESTful
14 11 (1.61%) Ajax
14 11 (1.61%) jQuery
14 11 (1.61%) OpenJDK
15 10 (1.46%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 138 (20.15%) Data Centre
2 90 (13.14%) Management Information System
3 57 (8.32%) Self-Motivation
4 56 (8.18%) Public Cloud
5 44 (6.42%) Private Cloud
6 43 (6.28%) Clustering
7 38 (5.55%) User Experience
8 36 (5.26%) Analytical Skills
9 32 (4.67%) Replication
10 29 (4.23%) CCTV
11 28 (4.09%) Hybrid Cloud
12 18 (2.63%) Driving Licence
13 17 (2.48%) Enterprise Software
14 16 (2.34%) Client/Server
15 13 (1.90%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 13 (1.90%) Smartphone
16 11 (1.61%) Data Protection Act
17 10 (1.46%) Mainframe
17 10 (1.46%) Virtual Team
18 8 (1.17%) Fat Client
Operating Systems
1 387 (56.50%) Windows
2 231 (33.72%) Linux
3 179 (26.13%) Windows Server
4 85 (12.41%) Windows Server 2012
5 83 (12.12%) Windows Server 2008
6 59 (8.61%) Windows 10
7 30 (4.38%) Windows 7
8 29 (4.23%) CentOS
9 26 (3.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 25 (3.65%) Ubuntu
11 20 (2.92%) SUSE
12 18 (2.63%) Solaris
13 16 (2.34%) Windows Server 2003
14 15 (2.19%) Windows 8
15 13 (1.90%) Mac OS
16 12 (1.75%) VMS
17 11 (1.61%) Unix
18 10 (1.46%) Android
18 10 (1.46%) Debian
18 10 (1.46%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 135 (19.71%) Agile Software Development
2 133 (19.42%) DevOps
3 120 (17.52%) ITIL
4 116 (16.93%) Problem-Solving
5 114 (16.64%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 64 (9.34%) Software Engineering
7 57 (8.32%) Configuration Management
7 57 (8.32%) Cybersecurity
8 56 (8.18%) Migration
9 55 (8.03%) Project Management
10 53 (7.74%) ITIL V3
11 47 (6.86%) Change Management
11 47 (6.86%) Disaster Recovery
12 45 (6.57%) Service Management
13 42 (6.13%) Load Balancing
13 42 (6.13%) Test Automation
14 41 (5.99%) Incident Management
15 39 (5.69%) Information Security
16 36 (5.26%) Computer Science
16 36 (5.26%) Server Management
Programming Languages
1 144 (21.02%) SQL
2 90 (13.14%) PowerShell
3 82 (11.97%) Java
4 81 (11.82%) Python
5 43 (6.28%) C#
6 40 (5.84%) Bash Shell
7 32 (4.67%) C++
8 30 (4.38%) JavaScript
9 29 (4.23%) C
10 25 (3.65%) Ruby
11 20 (2.92%) Perl
12 16 (2.34%) Groovy
13 15 (2.19%) PHP
14 14 (2.04%) Go
14 14 (2.04%) Shell Script
15 13 (1.90%) Ada
16 9 (1.31%) REXX
17 8 (1.17%) T-SQL
17 8 (1.17%) VB
18 6 (0.88%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 66 (9.64%) Degree
2 45 (6.57%) Security Cleared
3 37 (5.40%) Microsoft Certification
4 34 (4.96%) SC Cleared
5 28 (4.09%) MCSE
6 24 (3.50%) Cisco Certification
7 22 (3.21%) CCNA
8 15 (2.19%) Computer Science Degree
9 14 (2.04%) DV Cleared
10 13 (1.90%) MCSA
11 12 (1.75%) ITIL Certification
12 10 (1.46%) Master's Degree
13 9 (1.31%) HND
13 9 (1.31%) MCP
14 7 (1.02%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 5 (0.73%) CCNP
15 5 (0.73%) CISM
15 5 (0.73%) CISSP
15 5 (0.73%) DBS Check
16 4 (0.58%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 58 (8.47%) SLA
2 41 (5.99%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 25 (3.65%) Cyber Essentials
4 24 (3.50%) PCI DSS
5 22 (3.21%) COBIT
6 16 (2.34%) QA
7 15 (2.19%) GDPR
7 15 (2.19%) ISO 9001
8 7 (1.02%) Data Quality
9 3 (0.44%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 2 (0.29%) GAMP
11 1 (0.15%) HL7
11 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 15288
11 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 1 (0.15%) NCSC
11 1 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 253 (36.93%) VMware Infrastructure
2 239 (34.89%) Active Directory
3 209 (30.51%) Hyper-V
4 84 (12.26%) VMware ESXi
5 72 (10.51%) vSphere
6 64 (9.34%) Docker
7 25 (3.65%) XenApp
8 17 (2.48%) Virtual Servers
9 12 (1.75%) KVM
9 12 (1.75%) Samba
10 10 (1.46%) NFS
10 10 (1.46%) Terminal Services
10 10 (1.46%) Virtual Desktop
11 9 (1.31%) Job Entry Subsystem
11 9 (1.31%) RACF
12 8 (1.17%) DFS Replication
13 7 (1.02%) Firmware
14 6 (0.88%) BitLocker
14 6 (0.88%) Microsoft App-V
14 6 (0.88%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 116 (16.93%) SCCM
2 55 (8.03%) Kubernetes
2 55 (8.03%) Puppet
3 46 (6.72%) Ansible
4 43 (6.28%) Opscode Chef
5 38 (5.55%) Terraform
6 37 (5.40%) SCVMM
7 22 (3.21%) SCOrch
8 18 (2.63%) Nessus
9 16 (2.34%) Forefront Identity Manager
10 15 (2.19%) Microsoft Intune
11 14 (2.04%) Microsoft Clustering
12 13 (1.90%) WSUS
13 12 (1.75%) Nagios
14 10 (1.46%) HAProxy
14 10 (1.46%) SCOM
15 9 (1.31%) HP Data Protector
15 9 (1.31%) Packer
15 9 (1.31%) Perfmon
15 9 (1.31%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 284 (41.46%) VMware
2 274 (40.00%) Microsoft
3 75 (10.95%) Cisco
4 62 (9.05%) Citrix
5 41 (5.99%) HP
6 39 (5.69%) Oracle
7 33 (4.82%) Veeam
8 29 (4.23%) Red Hat
9 26 (3.80%) NetApp
10 21 (3.07%) Dell
10 21 (3.07%) Google
10 21 (3.07%) Palo Alto
11 18 (2.63%) Qualys
12 17 (2.48%) McAfee
13 16 (2.34%) 3PAR
13 16 (2.34%) Brocade
13 16 (2.34%) IBM
14 15 (2.19%) Barracuda Networks
15 11 (1.61%) Splunk
16 10 (1.46%) EMC