Period
to 14 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 14 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
14 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 536 519 512
Rank change year-on-year -17 -7 +12
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 332 544 806
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.40% 0.48% 0.54%
As % of the System Software category 2.14% 2.81% 3.36%
Number of salaries quoted 269 404 637
10th Percentile £30,000 £31,000 £32,000
25th Percentile £35,750 £41,250 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
75th Percentile £66,250 £70,313 £71,250
90th Percentile £77,500 £86,250 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £49,741 £50,000
% change year-on-year -9.53% -0.52% +11.11%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 15,495 19,389 24,007
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.61% 17.14% 16.11%
Number of salaries quoted 12,605 15,975 19,662
10th Percentile £30,000 £26,250 £26,000
25th Percentile £38,750 £35,000 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +11.11%
75th Percentile £75,000 £70,000 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 14 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 14 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 306 £55,000 - 86
UK excluding London +8 217 £45,000 -9.53% 63
London +43 101 £64,000 -5.19% 25
South East +48 76 £58,492 +6.35% 17
North of England +22 63 £38,000 -13.14% 15
Work from Home -110 58 £62,500 +13.64% 17
Midlands +1 45 £45,000 -10.00% 13
Yorkshire -5 33 £49,500 -10.00% 5
North West +31 27 £38,000 -10.59% 8
East Midlands +1 23 £32,500 -33.33% 5
West Midlands +13 21 £61,250 +11.36% 8
South West +8 14 £36,250 -3.33% 11
Scotland -7 9 £61,600 +44.94% 2
East of England +54 6 £44,500 -1.11% 5
Wales +41 4 £23,750 -56.82%
North East +14 3 £31,500 -36.34% 2

For the 6 months to 14 April 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 184 (55.42%) Azure
2 161 (48.49%) Microsoft
3 154 (46.39%) Active Directory
4 152 (45.78%) Windows
5 125 (37.65%) Linux
6 117 (35.24%) DevOps
7 107 (32.23%) Kubernetes
8 90 (27.11%) PowerShell
9 88 (26.51%) VMware
9 88 (26.51%) Ansible
10 87 (26.20%) IaaS
11 86 (25.90%) Azure Active Directory
11 86 (25.90%) Windows Server
12 85 (25.60%) Docker
13 81 (24.40%) Microsoft 365
14 80 (24.10%) AWS
14 80 (24.10%) PaaS
15 70 (21.08%) Firewall
16 69 (20.78%) VMware Infrastructure
17 66 (19.88%) Agile Software Development
18 64 (19.28%) Terraform
19 61 (18.37%) SQL
20 60 (18.07%) Infrastructure Engineering
21 58 (17.47%) Infrastructure as Code
22 56 (16.87%) Finance
23 54 (16.27%) Configuration Management
23 54 (16.27%) Jenkins
23 54 (16.27%) Problem-Solving
24 52 (15.66%) ITIL
25 49 (14.76%) Migration

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (9.34%) SharePoint
2 26 (7.83%) MS Exchange
3 21 (6.33%) Confluence
4 17 (5.12%) Elasticsearch
5 9 (2.71%) IIS
6 8 (2.41%) Apache
6 8 (2.41%) Exchange Server 2010
7 5 (1.51%) Cloud Foundry
7 5 (1.51%) GemFire
7 5 (1.51%) Skype for Business
8 4 (1.20%) OpenStack
9 3 (0.90%) nginx
10 2 (0.60%) Ethereum
10 2 (0.60%) Exchange Server 2013
11 1 (0.30%) Apache Spark
11 1 (0.30%) MS Project Server
11 1 (0.30%) OpenEdge
Applications
1 14 (4.22%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (2.11%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (1.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (1.20%) Photoshop
3 4 (1.20%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (0.90%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.60%) Quorum
Cloud Services
1 184 (55.42%) Azure
2 87 (26.20%) IaaS
3 86 (25.90%) Azure Active Directory
4 81 (24.40%) Microsoft 365
5 80 (24.10%) AWS
5 80 (24.10%) PaaS
6 30 (9.04%) SaaS
7 29 (8.73%) Azure ExpressRoute
8 25 (7.53%) Serverless
9 24 (7.23%) Azure Data Factory
10 17 (5.12%) Cloud Computing
11 13 (3.92%) AWS CloudFormation
12 11 (3.31%) GCP
12 11 (3.31%) Power Platform
13 9 (2.71%) OpenShift
14 7 (2.11%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 7 (2.11%) Azure Functions
14 7 (2.11%) Pulumi
15 6 (1.81%) AWS Lambda
15 6 (1.81%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 70 (21.08%) Firewall
2 44 (13.25%) DNS
3 38 (11.45%) Network Security
4 24 (7.23%) VPN
5 18 (5.42%) VLAN
5 18 (5.42%) VoIP
6 17 (5.12%) DMZ
6 17 (5.12%) TCP/IP
7 13 (3.92%) DHCP
8 11 (3.31%) NetScaler
9 10 (3.01%) SAN
9 10 (3.01%) SSH
10 9 (2.71%) WAN
11 8 (2.41%) LAN
12 7 (2.11%) BGP
12 7 (2.11%) Remote Desktop
12 7 (2.11%) Skype
12 7 (2.11%) SSL
13 5 (1.51%) Calico
13 5 (1.51%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (12.05%) SQL Server
2 34 (10.24%) Azure SQL Database
3 20 (6.02%) MySQL
4 12 (3.61%) Amazon RDS
5 11 (3.31%) Big Data
6 10 (3.01%) Blockchain
7 8 (2.41%) PostgreSQL
8 6 (1.81%) Apache Cassandra
8 6 (1.81%) Data Warehouse
9 5 (1.51%) Geospatial Data
9 5 (1.51%) MongoDB
9 5 (1.51%) Power BI
9 5 (1.51%) Redis
9 5 (1.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 4 (1.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 3 (0.90%) Oracle Database
11 3 (0.90%) Oracle Database 11g
12 2 (0.60%) Cosmos DB
12 2 (0.60%) NoSQL
13 1 (0.30%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 54 (16.27%) Jenkins
2 48 (14.46%) Git (software)
3 26 (7.83%) Maven
4 23 (6.93%) Bitbucket
4 23 (6.93%) JIRA
5 22 (6.63%) Gradle
6 11 (3.31%) Artifactory
7 10 (3.01%) GitLab
8 8 (2.41%) SonarQube
9 7 (2.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 7 (2.11%) Selenium
10 6 (1.81%) Cucumber
11 5 (1.51%) gulp
11 5 (1.51%) Protractor
11 5 (1.51%) Sonatype Nexus
11 5 (1.51%) TeamCity
11 5 (1.51%) Visual Studio
12 4 (1.20%) Octopus Deploy
12 4 (1.20%) Postman
13 3 (0.90%) Subversion
General
1 56 (16.87%) Finance
2 18 (5.42%) Banking
3 17 (5.12%) Billing
4 12 (3.61%) Law
5 11 (3.31%) Back Office
6 9 (2.71%) Public Sector
7 8 (2.41%) Front Office
7 8 (2.41%) Retail
8 7 (2.11%) Games
8 7 (2.11%) Investment Banking
9 6 (1.81%) Legal
10 4 (1.20%) Automotive
10 4 (1.20%) Local Government
11 3 (0.90%) Manufacturing
11 3 (0.90%) Telecoms
12 2 (0.60%) Housing Association
13 1 (0.30%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.30%) iGaming
13 1 (0.30%) Military
13 1 (0.30%) Police
Job Titles
1 57 (17.17%) DevOps Engineer
2 52 (15.66%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 43 (12.95%) Azure Engineer
4 39 (11.75%) Support Engineer
5 34 (10.24%) Analyst
6 23 (6.93%) Cloud Engineer
6 23 (6.93%) Senior DevOps
6 23 (6.93%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 22 (6.63%) IT Support
8 21 (6.33%) Developer
9 19 (5.72%) Architect
9 19 (5.72%) IT Analyst
9 19 (5.72%) Kubernetes Engineer
10 18 (5.42%) Consultant
11 17 (5.12%) Support Analyst
12 15 (4.52%) IT Engineer
12 15 (4.52%) Platform Engineer
13 14 (4.22%) Systems Administrator
14 13 (3.92%) Infrastructure Support
14 13 (3.92%) Senior Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (8.13%) Elastic Stack
2 23 (6.93%) Kafka
3 14 (4.22%) Spring
4 12 (3.61%) .NET
4 12 (3.61%) COM
5 11 (3.31%) JSON
5 11 (3.31%) REST
5 11 (3.31%) SOAP
6 9 (2.71%) AngularJS
7 8 (2.41%) Node.js
7 8 (2.41%) RESTful
8 7 (2.11%) Lambda Expressions
8 7 (2.11%) Web Services
9 6 (1.81%) .NET Framework
9 6 (1.81%) ActiveMQ
9 6 (1.81%) Loki
10 5 (1.51%) Laravel
10 5 (1.51%) PostGIS
10 5 (1.51%) RabbitMQ
10 5 (1.51%) Spring Integration
Miscellaneous
1 37 (11.14%) Data Centre
2 26 (7.83%) Cloud Native
3 23 (6.93%) Analytical Skills
4 19 (5.72%) Public Cloud
5 18 (5.42%) Self-Motivation
6 15 (4.52%) Hybrid Cloud
7 14 (4.22%) Linux Command Line
8 10 (3.01%) Clustering
8 10 (3.01%) Driving Licence
8 10 (3.01%) Private Cloud
9 8 (2.41%) Derivative
9 8 (2.41%) Greenfield Project
9 8 (2.41%) Video Conferencing
9 8 (2.41%) Video\Live Streaming
10 7 (2.11%) Management Information System
10 7 (2.11%) Market Risk
11 6 (1.81%) Smartphone
12 5 (1.51%) AS400
12 5 (1.51%) Enterprise Storage
12 5 (1.51%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 152 (45.78%) Windows
2 125 (37.65%) Linux
3 86 (25.90%) Windows Server
4 41 (12.35%) Windows 10
5 33 (9.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 31 (9.34%) Windows Server 2016
7 25 (7.53%) Windows Server 2008
8 23 (6.93%) Windows Server 2019
9 21 (6.33%) Android
10 18 (5.42%) Unix
10 18 (5.42%) Windows Server 2012
11 14 (4.22%) Apple iOS
11 14 (4.22%) Windows 7
12 13 (3.92%) VMS
13 9 (2.71%) Solaris
14 8 (2.41%) SUSE
15 7 (2.11%) Ubuntu
16 6 (1.81%) Debian
17 5 (1.51%) CentOS
17 5 (1.51%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 117 (35.24%) DevOps
2 66 (19.88%) Agile Software Development
3 60 (18.07%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 58 (17.47%) Infrastructure as Code
5 54 (16.27%) Configuration Management
5 54 (16.27%) Problem-Solving
6 52 (15.66%) ITIL
7 49 (14.76%) Migration
8 37 (11.14%) Mentoring
9 36 (10.84%) Network Virtualisation
10 24 (7.23%) Analytics
11 22 (6.63%) Scrum
12 21 (6.33%) Collaborative Working
13 20 (6.02%) Fintech
13 20 (6.02%) Identity Access Management
13 20 (6.02%) Identity Management
14 19 (5.72%) Technical Leadership
15 16 (4.82%) Continuous Improvement
15 16 (4.82%) Continuous Integration
15 16 (4.82%) Feasibility Study
Programming Languages
1 90 (27.11%) PowerShell
2 61 (18.37%) SQL
3 46 (13.86%) Python
4 29 (8.73%) Java
5 28 (8.43%) Bash Shell
6 12 (3.61%) JavaScript
7 11 (3.31%) Clojure
8 8 (2.41%) PHP
9 7 (2.11%) C
9 7 (2.11%) C#
9 7 (2.11%) Ruby
10 5 (1.51%) Go
11 4 (1.20%) VB
12 3 (0.90%) C++
12 3 (0.90%) Perl
12 3 (0.90%) REXX
12 3 (0.90%) Shell Script
12 3 (0.90%) VBScript
13 1 (0.30%) T-SQL
13 1 (0.30%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 32 (9.64%) Security Cleared
2 29 (8.73%) Degree
3 20 (6.02%) SC Cleared
4 19 (5.72%) Microsoft Certification
5 11 (3.31%) Cisco Certification
6 9 (2.71%) Citrix Certification
7 8 (2.41%) MCSE
7 8 (2.41%) RHCE
7 8 (2.41%) RHCSA
8 7 (2.11%) CISSP
9 6 (1.81%) CISA
9 6 (1.81%) Computer Science Degree
9 6 (1.81%) DV Cleared
10 5 (1.51%) CCNP
10 5 (1.51%) CISM
10 5 (1.51%) ISSAP
10 5 (1.51%) ISSEP
10 5 (1.51%) MCSA
10 5 (1.51%) OCP
10 5 (1.51%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (6.93%) SLA
2 9 (2.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (1.81%) GDPR
4 5 (1.51%) COBIT
4 5 (1.51%) NIST
5 3 (0.90%) COSHH
5 3 (0.90%) QA
6 2 (0.60%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.60%) SOC 2
7 1 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 1 (0.30%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 154 (46.39%) Active Directory
2 85 (25.60%) Docker
3 69 (20.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 42 (12.65%) Hyper-V
5 23 (6.93%) VMware ESXi
6 11 (3.31%) Virtual Desktop
6 11 (3.31%) vSphere
6 11 (3.31%) XenApp
7 10 (3.01%) Virtual Servers
7 10 (3.01%) XenDesktop
8 6 (1.81%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 5 (1.51%) KVM
10 4 (1.20%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 4 (1.20%) Firmware
10 4 (1.20%) VMware NSX
11 3 (0.90%) RACF
12 2 (0.60%) Microsoft App-V
12 2 (0.60%) Terminal Services
12 2 (0.60%) VMware Server
13 1 (0.30%) DFS Replication
Systems Management
1 107 (32.23%) Kubernetes
2 88 (26.51%) Ansible
3 64 (19.28%) Terraform
4 31 (9.34%) Puppet
5 26 (7.83%) Grafana
6 23 (6.93%) SCCM
7 22 (6.63%) Opscode Chef
7 22 (6.63%) Prometheus
8 14 (4.22%) Consul
8 14 (4.22%) Graphite
8 14 (4.22%) Opsview
8 14 (4.22%) Packer
9 10 (3.01%) WSUS
10 9 (2.71%) Failover Clustering
11 8 (2.41%) Microsoft Intune
12 7 (2.11%) XenMobile
13 6 (1.81%) Kibana
13 6 (1.81%) PaperCut
13 6 (1.81%) SCOM
13 6 (1.81%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 161 (48.49%) Microsoft
2 88 (26.51%) VMware
3 28 (8.43%) Cisco
3 28 (8.43%) Citrix
4 25 (7.53%) Red Hat
5 20 (6.02%) Oracle
6 17 (5.12%) Dell
6 17 (5.12%) HP
6 17 (5.12%) SolarWinds
7 14 (4.22%) Google
8 12 (3.61%) SonicWALL
9 11 (3.31%) Draytek
9 11 (3.31%) Veeam
10 10 (3.01%) ServiceNow
11 9 (2.71%) BMC
11 9 (2.71%) NetApp
11 9 (2.71%) Splunk
12 8 (2.41%) EMC
13 6 (1.81%) Avaya
13 6 (1.81%) Databricks