Period
to 18 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 18 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
18 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 482 556 591
Rank change year-on-year +74 +35 +40
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 916 832 821
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.57% 0.46% 0.43%
As % of the System Software category 3.75% 3.59% 3.48%
Number of salaries quoted 745 675 638
UK median annual salary £52,500 £48,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.38% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £28,250 £27,500 £28,675
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,000 £41,500
% change year-on-year +4.65% +3.61% -

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 24,398 23,151 23,560
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.17% 12.93% 12.41%
Number of salaries quoted 19,901 19,385 19,794
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £25,000 £23,750 £23,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 18 November 2018.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 18 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +80 873 £55,000 +10.00% 147
UK excluding London +78 546 £45,000 +4.65% 103
London +23 348 £65,000 +8.33% 51
North of England +84 174 £45,000 +10.43% 27
South East +60 172 £42,500 -5.56% 22
North West +104 142 £46,952 +9.19% 15
East of England +46 69 £45,000 -2.17% 16
Midlands +24 65 £52,500 +5.00% 17
West Midlands +44 52 £55,000 +4.76% 9
South West +39 43 £40,000 - 14
Yorkshire +24 31 £36,000 +2.86% 9
East Midlands -8 13 £41,250 +17.86% 8
Scotland -15 10 £40,000 -11.11% 2
Northern Ireland +2 8 £30,000 -4.00% 1
Wales -5 5 £50,000 +33.33% 4
North East -27 1 £42,500 +7.56% 3

For the 6 months to 18 November 2018, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 477 (52.07%) Windows
2 414 (45.20%) Linux
3 394 (43.01%) Microsoft Azure
4 336 (36.68%) SQL
5 307 (33.52%) Active Directory
6 297 (32.42%) Amazon AWS
7 294 (32.10%) Microsoft
8 270 (29.48%) VMware
9 257 (28.06%) DevOps
10 254 (27.73%) Git (software)
11 253 (27.62%) VMware Infrastructure
12 226 (24.67%) Agile Software Development
13 189 (20.63%) Amazon EC2
14 179 (19.54%) Hyper-V
14 179 (19.54%) Windows Server
15 168 (18.34%) Amazon S3
16 152 (16.59%) PowerShell
17 151 (16.48%) Jenkins
17 151 (16.48%) Python
18 142 (15.50%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 141 (15.39%) Ansible
19 141 (15.39%) SQL Server
20 140 (15.28%) Azure Active Directory
21 137 (14.96%) JIRA
22 133 (14.52%) Firewall
23 129 (14.08%) SAN
24 126 (13.76%) Finance
25 124 (13.54%) AWS CloudFormation
25 124 (13.54%) Amazon RDS
26 122 (13.32%) Docker

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 111 (12.12%) IIS
2 100 (10.92%) Confluence
3 55 (6.00%) SharePoint
4 53 (5.79%) Ethereum
5 52 (5.68%) MS Exchange
6 31 (3.38%) WebLogic
7 29 (3.17%) Elasticsearch
8 27 (2.95%) Apache
8 27 (2.95%) Apache Spark
9 24 (2.62%) Exchange Server 2013
10 22 (2.40%) Skype for Business
11 21 (2.29%) MQSeries
11 21 (2.29%) Tomcat
12 17 (1.86%) Exchange Server 2007
13 15 (1.64%) Cloud Foundry
14 14 (1.53%) Apache Solr
14 14 (1.53%) nginx
15 11 (1.20%) Anypoint
15 11 (1.20%) Mule
15 11 (1.20%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 41 (4.48%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.53%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.11%) Abaqus
5 1 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 17 (1.86%) Distributed Ledger
2 13 (1.42%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.66%) Sage 200
4 5 (0.55%) Remedy ITSM
4 5 (0.55%) SAP S/4HANA
5 4 (0.44%) C-CURE
5 4 (0.44%) Magento
6 3 (0.33%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.22%) Lorenzo
7 2 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.11%) SAP ECC
8 1 (0.11%) SAP MM
8 1 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 394 (43.01%) Microsoft Azure
2 297 (32.42%) Amazon AWS
3 189 (20.63%) Amazon EC2
4 168 (18.34%) Amazon S3
5 140 (15.28%) Azure Active Directory
6 124 (13.54%) AWS CloudFormation
7 122 (13.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 105 (11.46%) Office 365
9 96 (10.48%) Cloud Computing
10 93 (10.15%) Amazon SQS
11 89 (9.72%) GitHub
12 52 (5.68%) IaaS
13 37 (4.04%) PaaS
14 29 (3.17%) SaaS
15 28 (3.06%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 24 (2.62%) Google Cloud Platform
17 18 (1.97%) Serverless
18 10 (1.09%) Datadog
19 9 (0.98%) Azure Functions
20 8 (0.87%) Azure Machine Learning
Communications & Networking
1 133 (14.52%) Firewall
2 129 (14.08%) SAN
3 100 (10.92%) DNS
4 86 (9.39%) WAN
5 82 (8.95%) LAN
6 68 (7.42%) DHCP
7 65 (7.10%) TCP/IP
8 52 (5.68%) VPN
9 38 (4.15%) VLAN
10 33 (3.60%) NAS
11 22 (2.40%) RTMP
11 22 (2.40%) RTSP
12 19 (2.07%) Skype
12 19 (2.07%) VoIP
13 18 (1.97%) Cisco ASA
13 18 (1.97%) SSL
13 18 (1.97%) Wi-Fi
13 18 (1.97%) Wireless
14 14 (1.53%) BGP
15 13 (1.42%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 141 (15.39%) SQL Server
2 124 (13.54%) Amazon RDS
3 115 (12.55%) MySQL
4 85 (9.28%) NoSQL
5 68 (7.42%) PostgreSQL
6 63 (6.88%) Blockchain
7 54 (5.90%) Redis
8 50 (5.46%) Relational Database
9 40 (4.37%) Azure SQL Database
10 32 (3.49%) MongoDB
11 29 (3.17%) Hadoop
12 28 (3.06%) Big Data
13 25 (2.73%) SQL Server 2008
14 23 (2.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 22 (2.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 21 (2.29%) Apache Hive
17 20 (2.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 19 (2.07%) HBase
19 18 (1.97%) Neo4j
19 18 (1.97%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 254 (27.73%) Git (software)
2 151 (16.48%) Jenkins
3 137 (14.96%) JIRA
4 102 (11.14%) TeamCity
5 100 (10.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 96 (10.48%) Octopus Deploy
7 36 (3.93%) Mocha
8 34 (3.71%) Visual Studio
9 30 (3.28%) Team Foundation Server
10 24 (2.62%) Mercurial
11 22 (2.40%) GitLab
12 20 (2.18%) Vagrant
13 19 (2.07%) Maven
14 18 (1.97%) Eclipse
15 17 (1.86%) JUnit
15 17 (1.86%) Selenium
16 16 (1.75%) Visual Studio Team System
17 15 (1.64%) Sonatype Nexus
18 14 (1.53%) Mockito
18 14 (1.53%) Subversion
General
1 126 (13.76%) Finance
2 99 (10.81%) Banking
3 67 (7.31%) Telecoms
4 31 (3.38%) Investment Banking
5 29 (3.17%) Retail
6 18 (1.97%) Manufacturing
7 9 (0.98%) Marketing
8 8 (0.87%) Japanese Language
9 7 (0.76%) Advertising
9 7 (0.76%) Back Office
10 5 (0.55%) Games
11 4 (0.44%) Law
12 3 (0.33%) Spanish Language
13 2 (0.22%) Electronics
13 2 (0.22%) Military
14 1 (0.11%) Automotive
14 1 (0.11%) German Language
14 1 (0.11%) Pharmaceutical
14 1 (0.11%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 146 (15.94%) DevOps Engineer
2 134 (14.63%) Developer
3 119 (12.99%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 85 (9.28%) Administrator
5 68 (7.42%) Architect
6 61 (6.66%) Systems Administrator
7 58 (6.33%) Analyst
8 57 (6.22%) IT Support
9 56 (6.11%) Blockchain Developer
10 47 (5.13%) Linux Administrator
10 47 (5.13%) Solutions Architect
11 45 (4.91%) Support Engineer
12 44 (4.80%) Linux Systems Administrator
13 43 (4.69%) IT Engineer
14 39 (4.26%) DevOps Manager
15 37 (4.04%) Senior Developer
16 36 (3.93%) Backend Developer
17 33 (3.60%) Server Support
18 32 (3.49%) Node.js Developer
19 30 (3.28%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 80 (8.73%) Node.js
2 79 (8.62%) Web Services
3 78 (8.52%) HTML
4 75 (8.19%) .NET
5 70 (7.64%) CSS
6 53 (5.79%) Smart Contracts
7 51 (5.57%) Truffle
7 51 (5.57%) web3js
8 46 (5.02%) RESTful
9 44 (4.80%) HTML5
10 38 (4.15%) React
11 36 (3.93%) Chai
11 36 (3.93%) Enzyme
12 35 (3.82%) Jest
13 31 (3.38%) LAMP
14 30 (3.28%) Middleware
14 30 (3.28%) REST
15 28 (3.06%) CSS3
16 20 (2.18%) JSON
16 20 (2.18%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 109 (11.90%) Private Cloud
2 86 (9.39%) Data Centre
3 52 (5.68%) Self-Motivation
4 51 (5.57%) Bitcoin
5 49 (5.35%) Analytical Skills
6 48 (5.24%) Replication
7 42 (4.59%) Public Cloud
8 36 (3.93%) Fintech
9 33 (3.60%) User Experience
10 29 (3.17%) Computer Science
11 28 (3.06%) Data Protection Act
11 28 (3.06%) Hybrid Cloud
12 23 (2.51%) Enterprise Software
12 23 (2.51%) Video\Live Streaming
13 21 (2.29%) Clustering
13 21 (2.29%) Mobile App
14 16 (1.75%) PKI
15 15 (1.64%) Greenfield Project
16 14 (1.53%) EMC VNX
17 13 (1.42%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 477 (52.07%) Windows
2 414 (45.20%) Linux
3 179 (19.54%) Windows Server
4 83 (9.06%) Windows Server 2012
5 80 (8.73%) Windows Server 2008
6 70 (7.64%) Unix
7 51 (5.57%) VMS
8 42 (4.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 38 (4.15%) CentOS
9 38 (4.15%) Windows 10
10 36 (3.93%) Debian
11 34 (3.71%) Ubuntu
12 25 (2.73%) Windows 7
13 23 (2.51%) Android
13 23 (2.51%) Windows Server 2003
14 19 (2.07%) Solaris
15 17 (1.86%) Apple iOS
16 11 (1.20%) Windows 2000 Server
17 10 (1.09%) DC/OS
17 10 (1.09%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 257 (28.06%) DevOps
2 226 (24.67%) Agile Software Development
3 142 (15.50%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 117 (12.77%) Configuration Management
5 111 (12.12%) Problem-Solving
6 103 (11.24%) Network Virtualisation
7 99 (10.81%) Business Intelligence
8 96 (10.48%) ITIL
9 89 (9.72%) Continuous Integration
10 77 (8.41%) Test Automation
11 68 (7.42%) Service Management
12 63 (6.88%) Open Source
13 62 (6.77%) Migration
14 60 (6.55%) Cybersecurity
14 60 (6.55%) Project Management
15 56 (6.11%) API Development
16 55 (6.00%) Data Protection
17 51 (5.57%) API Design
17 51 (5.57%) Front End Development
18 50 (5.46%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 336 (36.68%) SQL
2 152 (16.59%) PowerShell
3 151 (16.48%) Python
4 114 (12.45%) Java
5 100 (10.92%) JavaScript
6 69 (7.53%) Bash Shell
7 64 (6.99%) Ruby
8 53 (5.79%) Solidity
9 51 (5.57%) ES6
10 42 (4.59%) C++
11 41 (4.48%) T-SQL
12 39 (4.26%) C#
13 27 (2.95%) Go
14 26 (2.84%) Scala
15 25 (2.73%) Objective-C
16 24 (2.62%) Elixir
17 22 (2.40%) C
17 22 (2.40%) Shell Script
18 21 (2.29%) Perl
19 18 (1.97%) Lua
Qualifications
1 64 (6.99%) Degree
2 55 (6.00%) Microsoft Certification
3 37 (4.04%) MCSE
4 34 (3.71%) Security Cleared
5 30 (3.28%) CISSP
5 30 (3.28%) CompTIA Security+
6 28 (3.06%) CISMP
7 26 (2.84%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 18 (1.97%) DV Cleared
9 17 (1.86%) AWS Certification
10 15 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
10 15 (1.64%) SC Cleared
11 14 (1.53%) Cisco Certification
12 12 (1.31%) CCNA
13 11 (1.20%) EMC Certification
13 11 (1.20%) MCSA
14 8 (0.87%) ISEB
14 8 (0.87%) ITIL Certification
15 6 (0.66%) HNC
16 5 (0.55%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (5.79%) QA
2 48 (5.24%) SLA
3 36 (3.93%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 28 (3.06%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 19 (2.07%) GDPR
6 4 (0.44%) COBIT
6 4 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 3 (0.33%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.22%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.22%) HL7
8 2 (0.22%) ISO 9001
8 2 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 307 (33.52%) Active Directory
2 253 (27.62%) VMware Infrastructure
3 179 (19.54%) Hyper-V
4 122 (13.32%) Docker
5 55 (6.00%) VMware ESXi
6 44 (4.80%) Virtual Servers
7 42 (4.59%) vSphere
8 37 (4.04%) XenApp
9 20 (2.18%) VirtualBox
10 19 (2.07%) HDFS
11 16 (1.75%) XenDesktop
12 15 (1.64%) Virtual Desktop
13 14 (1.53%) NFS
14 13 (1.42%) Apache Flume
14 13 (1.42%) Terminal Services
15 11 (1.20%) Microsoft App-V
16 10 (1.09%) iptables
17 7 (0.76%) BitLocker
17 7 (0.76%) Oracle RAC
18 6 (0.66%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 141 (15.39%) Ansible
2 119 (12.99%) Puppet
3 89 (9.72%) Kubernetes
4 52 (5.68%) Opscode Chef
5 49 (5.35%) Docker Swarm
5 49 (5.35%) SCVMM
6 48 (5.24%) SCCM
7 42 (4.59%) Terraform
8 25 (2.73%) Nagios
8 25 (2.73%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 18 (1.97%) ZABBIX
10 17 (1.86%) Kibana
11 15 (1.64%) vRealize
11 15 (1.64%) WSUS
12 14 (1.53%) Cisco CUCM
13 13 (1.42%) EMC VPLEX
13 13 (1.42%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
13 13 (1.42%) NetBackup
13 13 (1.42%) SCOM
13 13 (1.42%) vMotion
Vendors
1 294 (32.10%) Microsoft
2 270 (29.48%) VMware
3 115 (12.55%) Oracle
4 107 (11.68%) New Relic
5 86 (9.39%) Trend Micro
6 75 (8.19%) Cisco
7 69 (7.53%) Citrix
8 59 (6.44%) Red Hat
9 50 (5.46%) Google
10 44 (4.80%) HP
11 37 (4.04%) Veeam
12 36 (3.93%) EMC
13 31 (3.38%) IBM
14 25 (2.73%) Symantec
15 23 (2.51%) Brocade
16 22 (2.40%) NetApp
16 22 (2.40%) SAP
17 20 (2.18%) Dell
18 17 (1.86%) Atlassian
19 14 (1.53%) Splunk