Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 514 517 565
Rank change year-on-year +3 +48 -12
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 731 899 849
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.53% 0.54% 0.48%
As % of the System Software category 3.03% 3.67% 3.72%
Number of salaries quoted 489 737 686
UK median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.76% +10.53% +5.56%
10th Percentile £29,750 £29,900 £27,500
90th Percentile £75,000 £90,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £42,500 £40,250
% change year-on-year +11.76% +5.59% -3.88%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 24,104 24,514 22,840
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.33% 14.72% 12.93%
Number of salaries quoted 19,719 20,029 19,218
UK median annual salary £50,000 £49,039 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.96% +8.97% +5.88%
10th Percentile £25,500 £24,750 £24,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £38,500
% change year-on-year - +10.39% +2.67%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 678 £50,000 -9.09% 138
UK excluding London +72 486 £47,500 +11.76% 104
London -44 227 £60,000 -7.69% 38
South East +18 147 £50,000 +25.00% 40
North of England -39 114 £47,500 +10.47% 25
Midlands +75 109 £47,500 - 10
West Midlands +58 73 £62,500 +31.58% 6
North West -25 73 £43,000 -9.47% 19
East of England +75 50 £30,000 -31.43% 13
East Midlands +47 36 £47,500 +18.75% 4
Yorkshire -14 33 £55,000 +37.50% 6
South West +14 30 £44,500 -3.26% 12
Scotland +23 20 £68,000 +51.11% 3
Wales +12 9 £38,500 -9.41% 1
North East +28 8 £42,500 -
Isle of Man - 5 £51,000 -
Northern Ireland -11 2 £37,500 +25.00%

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 387 (52.94%) Windows
2 286 (39.12%) VMware
3 264 (36.11%) Microsoft
4 254 (34.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 254 (34.75%) Azure
5 244 (33.38%) Linux
6 224 (30.64%) Active Directory
7 188 (25.72%) Hyper-V
8 176 (24.08%) Windows Server
9 165 (22.57%) AWS
10 156 (21.34%) DevOps
11 148 (20.25%) Problem-Solving
12 144 (19.70%) SQL
13 138 (18.88%) Office 365
14 126 (17.24%) ITIL
15 121 (16.55%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 118 (16.14%) PowerShell
17 115 (15.73%) Firewall
17 115 (15.73%) Agile Software Development
18 112 (15.32%) Cisco
18 112 (15.32%) Data Centre
19 107 (14.64%) DNS
20 106 (14.50%) Degree
21 99 (13.54%) SCCM
22 97 (13.27%) SharePoint
23 93 (12.72%) Git (software)
24 92 (12.59%) SAN
25 89 (12.18%) IaaS
25 89 (12.18%) Puppet
26 88 (12.04%) Jenkins

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (13.27%) SharePoint
2 48 (6.57%) Skype for Business
3 43 (5.88%) MS Exchange
4 34 (4.65%) CMS
5 31 (4.24%) IIS
6 25 (3.42%) nginx
7 22 (3.01%) Tomcat
8 21 (2.87%) Apache
9 19 (2.60%) Confluence
10 18 (2.46%) Exchange Server 2010
11 12 (1.64%) OpenStack
11 12 (1.64%) WebSphere
12 11 (1.50%) Cloud Foundry
12 11 (1.50%) SharePoint 2013
13 7 (0.96%) Drupal
13 7 (0.96%) Exchange Server 2013
14 5 (0.68%) Apache Solr
14 5 (0.68%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
14 5 (0.68%) WordPress
15 3 (0.41%) Exchange Server 2003
Applications
1 41 (5.61%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (1.78%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (0.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.14%) Doxygen
5 1 (0.14%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 6 (0.82%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 4 (0.55%) Oracle 11i
2 4 (0.55%) Oracle Applications
2 4 (0.55%) Oracle EBS
2 4 (0.55%) Oracle EBS R12
3 3 (0.41%) Remedy ITSM
4 2 (0.27%) Eikon
4 2 (0.27%) Sage 200
Cloud Services
1 254 (34.75%) Azure
2 165 (22.57%) AWS
3 138 (18.88%) Office 365
4 89 (12.18%) IaaS
5 62 (8.48%) PaaS
6 58 (7.93%) Azure Active Directory
7 45 (6.16%) SaaS
8 37 (5.06%) AWS CloudFormation
9 34 (4.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 30 (4.10%) Amazon EC2
10 30 (4.10%) Amazon S3
11 29 (3.97%) GCP
12 26 (3.56%) Cloud Computing
13 22 (3.01%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 21 (2.87%) Amazon ECS
14 21 (2.87%) Serverless
15 14 (1.92%) Azure Functions
15 14 (1.92%) Power Platform
16 13 (1.78%) Azure ExpressRoute
17 12 (1.64%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 115 (15.73%) Firewall
2 107 (14.64%) DNS
3 92 (12.59%) SAN
4 74 (10.12%) DHCP
5 56 (7.66%) VPN
6 54 (7.39%) TCP/IP
7 52 (7.11%) LAN
8 47 (6.43%) WAN
9 39 (5.34%) Network Security
10 27 (3.69%) NAS
11 26 (3.56%) Skype
11 26 (3.56%) VoIP
12 25 (3.42%) Wireless
13 19 (2.60%) Unified Communications
14 18 (2.46%) Intrusion Detection
14 18 (2.46%) SMTP
14 18 (2.46%) Telepresence
14 18 (2.46%) WebEx
15 15 (2.05%) MPLS
15 15 (2.05%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (11.08%) SQL Server
2 48 (6.57%) MySQL
3 40 (5.47%) Azure SQL Database
4 29 (3.97%) Amazon RDS
5 24 (3.28%) Relational Database
6 21 (2.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 14 (1.92%) Power BI
8 13 (1.78%) Cosmos DB
8 13 (1.78%) NoSQL
9 12 (1.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 10 (1.37%) Data Lake
10 10 (1.37%) Oracle Database
11 8 (1.09%) Big Data
11 8 (1.09%) PostgreSQL
12 7 (0.96%) Oracle Reports
13 6 (0.82%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 5 (0.68%) HDInsight
14 5 (0.68%) SQL Server 2012
15 4 (0.55%) Oracle BI EE
15 4 (0.55%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 93 (12.72%) Git (software)
2 88 (12.04%) Jenkins
3 55 (7.52%) JIRA
4 37 (5.06%) TeamCity
5 24 (3.28%) Gerrit
6 17 (2.33%) Visual Studio Team System
7 16 (2.19%) Octopus Deploy
7 16 (2.19%) Visual Studio
8 15 (2.05%) Maven
8 15 (2.05%) Vagrant
9 13 (1.78%) gulp
10 12 (1.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 12 (1.64%) GitLab
10 12 (1.64%) Gradle
10 12 (1.64%) JUnit
11 11 (1.50%) Mercurial
12 9 (1.23%) Eclipse
12 9 (1.23%) NetBeans
13 8 (1.09%) Bitbucket Server
14 7 (0.96%) git-flow
General
1 84 (11.49%) Finance
2 22 (3.01%) Retail
3 19 (2.60%) Aerospace
3 19 (2.60%) Public Sector
4 16 (2.19%) Telecoms
5 12 (1.64%) Law
6 11 (1.50%) Automotive
7 10 (1.37%) Games
7 10 (1.37%) Marketing
8 9 (1.23%) Publishing
9 7 (0.96%) Manufacturing
10 6 (0.82%) Banking
10 6 (0.82%) Military
11 4 (0.55%) Advertising
11 4 (0.55%) Local Government
11 4 (0.55%) Multimedia
11 4 (0.55%) Welsh Language
12 3 (0.41%) Billing
12 3 (0.41%) Electronics
13 2 (0.27%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 114 (15.60%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 95 (13.00%) DevOps Engineer
3 66 (9.03%) Support Engineer
4 60 (8.21%) Architect
5 55 (7.52%) Systems Engineer
6 45 (6.16%) Analyst
6 45 (6.16%) Developer
7 39 (5.34%) Senior DevOps
8 38 (5.20%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 37 (5.06%) IT Support
10 36 (4.92%) Consultant
11 34 (4.65%) IT Engineer
12 33 (4.51%) Security Engineer
13 30 (4.10%) 3rd Line Engineer
13 30 (4.10%) Administrator
14 28 (3.83%) Systems Administrator
14 28 (3.83%) Windows Engineer
15 27 (3.69%) Cybersecurity Engineer
16 25 (3.42%) Software Engineer
16 25 (3.42%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 49 (6.70%) Web Services
2 26 (3.56%) .NET
3 21 (2.87%) OpenJDK
4 20 (2.74%) HTML
5 19 (2.60%) AngularJS
6 18 (2.46%) React
6 18 (2.46%) XMPP
7 16 (2.19%) JSON
8 13 (1.78%) HTML5
9 11 (1.50%) Elastic Stack
9 11 (1.50%) LAMP
10 9 (1.23%) AWT
10 9 (1.23%) Java ME
10 9 (1.23%) Java SE
10 9 (1.23%) JSP
10 9 (1.23%) Middleware
10 9 (1.23%) SAML
11 8 (1.09%) CSS
11 8 (1.09%) RESTful
12 7 (0.96%) LDAP
Miscellaneous
1 112 (15.32%) Data Centre
2 77 (10.53%) Public Cloud
3 76 (10.40%) Management Information System
4 69 (9.44%) Self-Motivation
5 50 (6.84%) Private Cloud
6 47 (6.43%) Replication
7 42 (5.75%) Analytical Skills
8 30 (4.10%) Hybrid Cloud
9 25 (3.42%) CCTV
9 25 (3.42%) User Experience
10 23 (3.15%) Clustering
10 23 (3.15%) Smartphone
10 23 (3.15%) Virtual Team
11 19 (2.60%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 15 (2.05%) Driving Licence
13 14 (1.92%) Enterprise Software
14 11 (1.50%) Data Protection Act
14 11 (1.50%) Video\Live Streaming
15 10 (1.37%) Linux Command Line
15 10 (1.37%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 387 (52.94%) Windows
2 244 (33.38%) Linux
3 176 (24.08%) Windows Server
4 85 (11.63%) Windows Server 2012
5 71 (9.71%) Windows Server 2008
6 62 (8.48%) Windows 10
7 49 (6.70%) Ubuntu
8 48 (6.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 32 (4.38%) Windows 7
10 31 (4.24%) CentOS
11 28 (3.83%) SUSE
12 24 (3.28%) Unix
13 18 (2.46%) Solaris
14 17 (2.33%) Debian
15 15 (2.05%) Mac OS
16 13 (1.78%) Windows 8
17 12 (1.64%) Android
17 12 (1.64%) VMS
18 11 (1.50%) Apple iOS
19 10 (1.37%) Data ONTAP
Processes & Methodologies
1 156 (21.34%) DevOps
2 148 (20.25%) Problem-Solving
3 126 (17.24%) ITIL
4 121 (16.55%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 115 (15.73%) Agile Software Development
6 74 (10.12%) Configuration Management
7 68 (9.30%) Project Management
8 64 (8.76%) Presales
9 62 (8.48%) Software Engineering
10 58 (7.93%) Computer Science
10 58 (7.93%) Open Source
11 55 (7.52%) Test Automation
12 54 (7.39%) Migration
13 53 (7.25%) Disaster Recovery
14 52 (7.11%) Cybersecurity
15 45 (6.16%) ITIL V3
15 45 (6.16%) Service Management
16 42 (5.75%) SDLC
17 41 (5.61%) Change Management
18 40 (5.47%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 144 (19.70%) SQL
2 118 (16.14%) PowerShell
3 87 (11.90%) Python
4 82 (11.22%) Java
5 51 (6.98%) Bash Shell
6 49 (6.70%) C#
7 48 (6.57%) C++
8 34 (4.65%) Ruby
9 31 (4.24%) C
10 22 (3.01%) Go
11 21 (2.87%) PHP
11 21 (2.87%) Shell Script
12 19 (2.60%) Groovy
12 19 (2.60%) Perl
13 17 (2.33%) JavaScript
14 13 (1.78%) Ada
15 12 (1.64%) VB
16 10 (1.37%) T-SQL
17 8 (1.09%) REXX
18 7 (0.96%) PHP 5
Qualifications
1 106 (14.50%) Degree
2 63 (8.62%) Microsoft Certification
3 52 (7.11%) Security Cleared
4 50 (6.84%) MCSE
5 33 (4.51%) SC Cleared
6 32 (4.38%) Computer Science Degree
7 25 (3.42%) CCNA
7 25 (3.42%) Cisco Certification
8 17 (2.33%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 16 (2.19%) MCSA
10 13 (1.78%) DV Cleared
11 12 (1.64%) Master's Degree
12 10 (1.37%) AWS Certification
12 10 (1.37%) CCNP
13 9 (1.23%) ITIL Certification
13 9 (1.23%) MCP
14 7 (0.96%) HND
15 6 (0.82%) RHCE
16 5 (0.68%) CCDP
16 5 (0.68%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (6.84%) SLA
2 41 (5.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 27 (3.69%) QA
4 15 (2.05%) GDPR
5 14 (1.92%) PCI DSS
6 13 (1.78%) COBIT
7 12 (1.64%) Cyber Essentials
8 9 (1.23%) ISO 9001
9 7 (0.96%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.27%) GAMP
10 2 (0.27%) HL7
11 1 (0.14%) HAZOP
11 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 15288
11 1 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 1 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 254 (34.75%) VMware Infrastructure
2 224 (30.64%) Active Directory
3 188 (25.72%) Hyper-V
4 86 (11.76%) VMware ESXi
5 72 (9.85%) vSphere
6 59 (8.07%) Docker
7 20 (2.74%) VirtualBox
8 14 (1.92%) Terminal Services
9 13 (1.78%) XenApp
10 10 (1.37%) KVM
10 10 (1.37%) Xen
11 9 (1.23%) DFS Replication
11 9 (1.23%) Virtual Servers
12 8 (1.09%) Job Entry Subsystem
12 8 (1.09%) RACF
12 8 (1.09%) vCloud
13 7 (0.96%) Oracle RAC
13 7 (0.96%) XenDesktop
14 6 (0.82%) Virtual Desktop
15 5 (0.68%) iptables
Systems Management
1 99 (13.54%) SCCM
2 89 (12.18%) Puppet
3 63 (8.62%) Ansible
4 62 (8.48%) Opscode Chef
5 52 (7.11%) Kubernetes
6 41 (5.61%) Terraform
7 30 (4.10%) SCVMM
8 21 (2.87%) HP Data Protector
9 19 (2.60%) SCOM
10 18 (2.46%) Cisco CUCM
10 18 (2.46%) Cisco UCCX
10 18 (2.46%) FortiGate
11 16 (2.19%) Nagios
12 14 (1.92%) Microsoft Clustering
13 13 (1.78%) NetBackup
13 13 (1.78%) Packer
14 12 (1.64%) Microsoft Intune
15 11 (1.50%) Backup Exec
16 10 (1.37%) Perfmon
16 10 (1.37%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 286 (39.12%) VMware
2 264 (36.11%) Microsoft
3 112 (15.32%) Cisco
4 66 (9.03%) Oracle
5 47 (6.43%) Veeam
6 46 (6.29%) HP
7 40 (5.47%) Citrix
8 39 (5.34%) NetApp
9 27 (3.69%) Google
9 27 (3.69%) Red Hat
10 21 (2.87%) Dell
11 15 (2.05%) Brocade
11 15 (2.05%) IBM
11 15 (2.05%) Symantec
12 13 (1.78%) McAfee
13 12 (1.64%) Juniper
13 12 (1.64%) Splunk
14 11 (1.50%) 3PAR
14 11 (1.50%) BMC
14 11 (1.50%) CA