Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 533 484 519
Rank change year-on-year -49 +35 -17
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 534 355 788
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.47% 0.50% 0.54%
As % of the System Software category 2.56% 2.82% 3.18%
Number of salaries quoted 360 279 552
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £37,750 £34,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £51,000
Median % change year-on-year - -1.96% -7.27%
75th Percentile £66,250 £65,000 £68,750
90th Percentile £78,750 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £40,750 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.43% -14.21% +5.56%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 20,835 12,579 24,755
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.51% 17.79% 17.04%
Number of salaries quoted 14,774 10,467 20,598
10th Percentile £29,750 £29,000 £25,750
25th Percentile £40,000 £38,000 £33,173
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -62 447 £50,000 - 128
UK excluding London -40 322 £45,000 +10.43% 86
London -80 160 £62,500 -3.85% 46
South East -31 122 £50,000 +31.58% 22
Work from Home -188 100 £60,000 +6.67% 23
North of England -45 78 £47,500 +26.67% 16
Midlands -55 60 £45,000 - 24
North West -15 45 £50,000 +36.99% 12
East Midlands -32 32 £28,500 -40.00% 6
West Midlands -58 29 £55,000 +32.53% 18
Yorkshire -54 27 £47,500 +21.02% 2
Scotland -43 26 £45,000 -18.18% 4
East of England -11 16 £44,500 -25.83% 9
Wales -23 8 £31,500 -20.25% 1
South West -65 8 £48,650 +43.09% 10
Northern Ireland - 8 - -
North East -14 6 £31,500 -16.00% 2

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 284 (53.18%) Azure
2 250 (46.82%) Microsoft
3 243 (45.51%) Windows
4 229 (42.88%) Active Directory
5 203 (38.01%) DevOps
6 180 (33.71%) Linux
7 163 (30.52%) AWS
8 145 (27.15%) VMware
8 145 (27.15%) Ansible
9 144 (26.97%) Kubernetes
10 134 (25.09%) Social Skills
11 131 (24.53%) Windows Server
12 128 (23.97%) Azure Active Directory
13 123 (23.03%) PowerShell
14 121 (22.66%) PaaS
15 117 (21.91%) Docker
16 114 (21.35%) VMware Infrastructure
16 114 (21.35%) Firewall
17 112 (20.97%) Python
18 109 (20.41%) Microsoft 365
19 107 (20.04%) IaaS
19 107 (20.04%) Git (software)
20 104 (19.48%) Agile Software Development
20 104 (19.48%) Finance
21 99 (18.54%) Migration
22 95 (17.79%) Terraform
23 93 (17.42%) SQL
24 90 (16.85%) Jenkins
25 81 (15.17%) Infrastructure as Code
26 79 (14.79%) Problem-Solving

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (11.05%) Elasticsearch
2 51 (9.55%) MS Exchange
3 30 (5.62%) Cloud Foundry
3 30 (5.62%) GemFire
3 30 (5.62%) SharePoint
4 20 (3.75%) Apache
5 19 (3.56%) IIS
6 16 (3.00%) Exchange Server 2013
7 15 (2.81%) Confluence
8 13 (2.43%) nginx
9 9 (1.69%) OpenStack
10 6 (1.12%) Exchange Server 2010
11 4 (0.75%) JBoss
12 2 (0.37%) Ethereum
13 1 (0.19%) Apache Pulsar
13 1 (0.19%) CMS
13 1 (0.19%) MS Project Server
13 1 (0.19%) OpenEdge
13 1 (0.19%) Skype for Business
13 1 (0.19%) Traffic Server
Applications
1 12 (2.25%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.75%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.37%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.19%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 9 (1.69%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 284 (53.18%) Azure
2 163 (30.52%) AWS
3 128 (23.97%) Azure Active Directory
4 121 (22.66%) PaaS
5 109 (20.41%) Microsoft 365
6 107 (20.04%) IaaS
7 55 (10.30%) GCP
8 45 (8.43%) Serverless
9 42 (7.87%) GitHub
10 37 (6.93%) SaaS
11 29 (5.43%) Azure ExpressRoute
12 27 (5.06%) OpenShift
13 25 (4.68%) Azure Functions
14 24 (4.49%) Azure Key Vault
15 18 (3.37%) Azure Data Factory
16 16 (3.00%) AWS CloudFormation
17 15 (2.81%) Azure Storage
18 14 (2.62%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 13 (2.43%) AWS Lambda
20 11 (2.06%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 114 (21.35%) Firewall
2 56 (10.49%) Network Security
3 50 (9.36%) VPN
4 44 (8.24%) DNS
5 30 (5.62%) Calico
6 25 (4.68%) DHCP
7 22 (4.12%) LAN
7 22 (4.12%) TCP/IP
7 22 (4.12%) VoIP
7 22 (4.12%) WAN
8 20 (3.75%) HTTP
9 19 (3.56%) SAN
10 17 (3.18%) MPLS
11 15 (2.81%) IP Telephony
11 15 (2.81%) Wireless
12 14 (2.62%) SSL
13 11 (2.06%) DMZ
13 11 (2.06%) NetScaler
13 11 (2.06%) VLAN
14 10 (1.87%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (8.80%) SQL Server
2 40 (7.49%) PostgreSQL
3 37 (6.93%) MySQL
4 31 (5.81%) Azure SQL Database
5 15 (2.81%) Data Warehouse
6 10 (1.87%) Big Data
6 10 (1.87%) Blockchain
6 10 (1.87%) MongoDB
7 9 (1.69%) Amazon RDS
8 8 (1.50%) Redis
9 7 (1.31%) Apache Cassandra
10 5 (0.94%) Oracle Database
11 3 (0.56%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
11 3 (0.56%) Data Lake
11 3 (0.56%) NoSQL
11 3 (0.56%) Oracle Database 11g
11 3 (0.56%) Power BI
11 3 (0.56%) Relational Database
11 3 (0.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 2 (0.37%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 107 (20.04%) Git (software)
2 90 (16.85%) Jenkins
3 41 (7.68%) Gradle
3 41 (7.68%) Maven
4 32 (5.99%) Selenium
5 31 (5.81%) Cucumber
5 31 (5.81%) gulp
6 30 (5.62%) Protractor
6 30 (5.62%) Sonatype Nexus
7 29 (5.43%) Artifactory
8 28 (5.24%) SonarQube
9 24 (4.49%) Bitbucket
10 23 (4.31%) GitLab
11 22 (4.12%) JIRA
12 6 (1.12%) TeamCity
13 5 (0.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 4 (0.75%) Octopus Deploy
14 4 (0.75%) Postman
14 4 (0.75%) Team Foundation Server
14 4 (0.75%) Visual Studio
General
1 134 (25.09%) Social Skills
2 104 (19.48%) Finance
3 70 (13.11%) Banking
4 47 (8.80%) Law
5 35 (6.55%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 26 (4.87%) Analytical Skills
6 26 (4.87%) Front Office
6 26 (4.87%) Investment Banking
7 23 (4.31%) Organisational Skills
8 18 (3.37%) Billing
8 18 (3.37%) Public Sector
9 17 (3.18%) Retail
10 12 (2.25%) Presentation Skills
11 11 (2.06%) Legal
12 10 (1.87%) Documentation Skills
13 9 (1.69%) Automotive
14 7 (1.31%) Back Office
14 7 (1.31%) Marketing
14 7 (1.31%) Telecoms
15 5 (0.94%) Games
Job Titles
1 73 (13.67%) Cloud Engineer
2 67 (12.55%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 63 (11.80%) Azure Engineer
4 54 (10.11%) Support Engineer
5 53 (9.93%) Analyst
6 51 (9.55%) DevOps Engineer
7 34 (6.37%) Developer
8 27 (5.06%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
8 27 (5.06%) IT Analyst
8 27 (5.06%) Senior DevOps
8 27 (5.06%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 27 (5.06%) Software Engineer
9 24 (4.49%) Consultant
9 24 (4.49%) IT Support
10 23 (4.31%) Architect
10 23 (4.31%) Platform Engineer
11 22 (4.12%) Administrator
11 22 (4.12%) Linux Engineer
12 19 (3.56%) IT Engineer
12 19 (3.56%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 64 (11.99%) Kafka
2 58 (10.86%) Spring
3 55 (10.30%) Elastic Stack
4 37 (6.93%) Node.js
5 34 (6.37%) AngularJS
6 32 (5.99%) RabbitMQ
7 30 (5.62%) J2EE
7 30 (5.62%) Spring Boot
7 30 (5.62%) Spring Integration
7 30 (5.62%) WireMock
8 19 (3.56%) REST
9 17 (3.18%) .NET
10 13 (2.43%) Web Services
11 12 (2.25%) COM
12 11 (2.06%) SOAP
13 10 (1.87%) JSON
13 10 (1.87%) RESTful
14 9 (1.69%) ASP.NET
14 9 (1.69%) React
15 8 (1.50%) Lambda Expressions
Miscellaneous
1 51 (9.55%) Data Centre
2 48 (8.99%) Self-Motivation
3 39 (7.30%) Public Cloud
4 33 (6.18%) Management Information System
5 30 (5.62%) Cloud Native
6 29 (5.43%) Video\Live Streaming
7 28 (5.24%) Linux Command Line
8 27 (5.06%) Derivative
9 26 (4.87%) Market Risk
10 24 (4.49%) Equity Derivative
11 23 (4.31%) Private Cloud
12 16 (3.00%) Enterprise Storage
13 15 (2.81%) Driving Licence
14 13 (2.43%) Replication
15 9 (1.69%) Mainframe
16 8 (1.50%) HACMP
16 8 (1.50%) Video Conferencing
17 7 (1.31%) Clustering
17 7 (1.31%) Hybrid Cloud
17 7 (1.31%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 243 (45.51%) Windows
2 180 (33.71%) Linux
3 131 (24.53%) Windows Server
4 61 (11.42%) Windows 10
5 36 (6.74%) Windows Server 2016
6 35 (6.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 32 (5.99%) Windows Server 2019
8 28 (5.24%) Windows Server 2012
9 27 (5.06%) Android
10 22 (4.12%) Windows Server 2008
11 19 (3.56%) VMS
12 16 (3.00%) SUSE
12 16 (3.00%) Unix
13 12 (2.25%) Apple iOS
13 12 (2.25%) HPUX
13 12 (2.25%) Windows 7
14 11 (2.06%) Oracle Linux
15 7 (1.31%) Debian
15 7 (1.31%) Solaris
15 7 (1.31%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 203 (38.01%) DevOps
2 104 (19.48%) Agile Software Development
3 99 (18.54%) Migration
4 81 (15.17%) Infrastructure as Code
5 79 (14.79%) Problem-Solving
6 72 (13.48%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 62 (11.61%) Analytics
8 60 (11.24%) Network Virtualisation
9 52 (9.74%) Continuous Integration
10 45 (8.43%) ITIL
11 39 (7.30%) Configuration Management
11 39 (7.30%) Problem Management
12 37 (6.93%) Risk Management
13 36 (6.74%) Continuous Deployment
13 36 (6.74%) Storage Management
14 35 (6.55%) Mentoring
15 34 (6.37%) Computer Science
15 34 (6.37%) Site Reliability Engineering
16 33 (6.18%) Software Engineering
16 33 (6.18%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 123 (23.03%) PowerShell
2 112 (20.97%) Python
3 93 (17.42%) SQL
4 72 (13.48%) Java
5 55 (10.30%) Bash Shell
6 39 (7.30%) JavaScript
7 22 (4.12%) Ruby
8 18 (3.37%) Go
9 12 (2.25%) C#
10 7 (1.31%) Clojure
10 7 (1.31%) Perl
11 5 (0.94%) REXX
12 4 (0.75%) Assembly Language
12 4 (0.75%) C
12 4 (0.75%) COBOL
12 4 (0.75%) PHP
12 4 (0.75%) Scala
12 4 (0.75%) Shell Script
12 4 (0.75%) VB
13 3 (0.56%) C++
Qualifications
1 65 (12.17%) Degree
2 57 (10.67%) Security Cleared
3 31 (5.81%) Microsoft Certification
4 30 (5.62%) OCP
4 30 (5.62%) Oracle Certification
5 29 (5.43%) SC Cleared
6 21 (3.93%) Computer Science Degree
7 11 (2.06%) Cisco Certification
7 11 (2.06%) MCSE
8 10 (1.87%) Master's Degree
9 9 (1.69%) MCP
10 8 (1.50%) A+ Certification
10 8 (1.50%) CCNA
10 8 (1.50%) CISSP
11 6 (1.12%) CISA
11 6 (1.12%) DV Cleared
11 6 (1.12%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 5 (0.94%) CISM
12 5 (0.94%) ISSAP
12 5 (0.94%) ISSEP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (8.05%) SLA
2 17 (3.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 15 (2.81%) QA
4 7 (1.31%) NIST
5 5 (0.94%) COBIT
6 4 (0.75%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.37%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.37%) ISO 9001
7 2 (0.37%) SOC 2
8 1 (0.19%) Accessibility
8 1 (0.19%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.19%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 1 (0.19%) GDPR
8 1 (0.19%) NCSC
System Software
1 229 (42.88%) Active Directory
2 117 (21.91%) Docker
3 114 (21.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 53 (9.93%) Hyper-V
5 40 (7.49%) VMware ESXi
6 21 (3.93%) Virtual Servers
7 18 (3.37%) vSphere
8 17 (3.18%) XenApp
9 16 (3.00%) Firmware
9 16 (3.00%) VMware NSX
10 15 (2.81%) Virtual Desktop
11 14 (2.62%) NFS
12 10 (1.87%) KVM
13 9 (1.69%) iptables
14 8 (1.50%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 6 (1.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 6 (1.12%) Terminal Services
16 5 (0.94%) Citrix Hypervisor
16 5 (0.94%) RACF
17 4 (0.75%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 145 (27.15%) Ansible
2 144 (26.97%) Kubernetes
3 95 (17.79%) Terraform
4 56 (10.49%) Grafana
5 46 (8.61%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (6.37%) Puppet
7 31 (5.81%) Kibana
8 29 (5.43%) SCCM
9 26 (4.87%) Prometheus
10 20 (3.75%) Packer
11 17 (3.18%) Failover Clustering
12 16 (3.00%) Consul
12 16 (3.00%) Graphite
12 16 (3.00%) Opsview
13 11 (2.06%) Single Sign-On
14 10 (1.87%) vCenter Server
15 8 (1.50%) Microsoft Intune
16 7 (1.31%) SCOM
17 6 (1.12%) FortiGate
17 6 (1.12%) PaperCut
Vendors
1 250 (46.82%) Microsoft
2 145 (27.15%) VMware
3 63 (11.80%) Oracle
4 36 (6.74%) Citrix
5 32 (5.99%) Cisco
6 28 (5.24%) Google
6 28 (5.24%) NetApp
7 23 (4.31%) Red Hat
8 19 (3.56%) HP
9 18 (3.37%) PayPal
10 16 (3.00%) EMC
11 15 (2.81%) Splunk
12 14 (2.62%) Dell
12 14 (2.62%) IBM
13 12 (2.25%) SolarWinds
13 12 (2.25%) Sony
14 11 (2.06%) Databricks
14 11 (2.06%) ServiceNow
14 11 (2.06%) Sun
15 10 (1.87%) 3PAR