Period
to 20 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 20 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
20 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 497 556 623
Rank change year-on-year +59 +67 +16
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 854 805 673
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.57% 0.46% 0.38%
As % of the System Software category 3.68% 3.55% 3.09%
Number of salaries quoted 705 664 480
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £32,500 £28,725
90th Percentile £85,000 £79,625 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £43,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +16.28% +7.50% -5.88%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 23,218 22,699 21,780
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.52% 13.11% 12.30%
Number of salaries quoted 18,898 18,893 18,083
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +11.11% +7.14% +5.00%
10th Percentile £25,375 £24,000 £23,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 20 January 2019.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 20 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +52 803 £55,000 +10.00% 143
UK excluding London +116 555 £50,000 +16.28% 96
London -3 275 £66,250 +10.42% 57
South East +64 171 £48,750 +8.33% 20
North of England +75 144 £46,903 +9.08% 29
North West +91 115 £60,000 +39.53% 13
East of England +62 88 £45,000 -5.26% 13
Midlands +27 75 £55,000 +4.76% 15
West Midlands +39 62 £56,250 +7.14% 12
South West +13 48 £50,000 +25.00% 9
Yorkshire +15 27 £33,500 -19.28% 15
East Midlands +22 13 £42,500 -26.09% 3
Scotland +4 11 £40,000 - 3
Wales +16 9 £50,000 +33.33% 4
Northern Ireland -4 9 £30,000 -14.29% 3
North East +7 2 - - 1

For the 6 months to 20 January 2019, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 464 (54.33%) Windows
2 365 (42.74%) Linux
3 364 (42.62%) Microsoft Azure
4 325 (38.06%) SQL
5 314 (36.77%) VMware
6 312 (36.53%) Microsoft
7 302 (35.36%) Active Directory
8 280 (32.79%) VMware Infrastructure
9 256 (29.98%) Amazon AWS
10 253 (29.63%) DevOps
11 221 (25.88%) Git (software)
12 217 (25.41%) Agile Software Development
13 212 (24.82%) Hyper-V
14 186 (21.78%) Windows Server
15 165 (19.32%) Amazon EC2
16 159 (18.62%) PowerShell
17 156 (18.27%) Amazon S3
18 153 (17.92%) Azure Active Directory
19 150 (17.56%) SQL Server
20 149 (17.45%) Jenkins
21 141 (16.51%) AWS CloudFormation
22 140 (16.39%) Amazon RDS
22 140 (16.39%) JIRA
23 139 (16.28%) Ansible
23 139 (16.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
24 129 (15.11%) Python
25 125 (14.64%) Infrastructure Engineering
26 119 (13.93%) Firewall
27 118 (13.82%) ITIL
28 117 (13.70%) IIS

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 117 (13.70%) IIS
2 103 (12.06%) Confluence
3 48 (5.62%) SharePoint
4 47 (5.50%) MS Exchange
5 32 (3.75%) WebLogic
6 29 (3.40%) Apache
7 24 (2.81%) Skype for Business
8 22 (2.58%) Ethereum
8 22 (2.58%) MQSeries
9 21 (2.46%) Elasticsearch
10 17 (1.99%) Apache Spark
11 16 (1.87%) Exchange Server 2013
12 14 (1.64%) Tomcat
13 13 (1.52%) Mule
13 13 (1.52%) Mule ESB
14 11 (1.29%) Anypoint
14 11 (1.29%) Apache Solr
14 11 (1.29%) nginx
14 11 (1.29%) WordPress
15 10 (1.17%) Exchange Server 2007
Applications
1 57 (6.67%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.64%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (0.82%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.23%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.12%) Abaqus
5 1 (0.12%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 8 (0.94%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.70%) Distributed Ledger
3 5 (0.59%) Sage 200
3 5 (0.59%) SAP S/4HANA
4 3 (0.35%) C-CURE
4 3 (0.35%) Lorenzo
4 3 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
4 3 (0.35%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.23%) Magento
5 2 (0.23%) Oracle 11i
5 2 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
6 1 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.12%) GoldMine
6 1 (0.12%) SAP ECC
6 1 (0.12%) SAP MM
6 1 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 364 (42.62%) Microsoft Azure
2 256 (29.98%) Amazon AWS
3 165 (19.32%) Amazon EC2
4 156 (18.27%) Amazon S3
5 153 (17.92%) Azure Active Directory
6 141 (16.51%) AWS CloudFormation
7 139 (16.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 96 (11.24%) Amazon SQS
9 92 (10.77%) Office 365
10 70 (8.20%) Cloud Computing
11 46 (5.39%) SaaS
12 45 (5.27%) GitHub
13 40 (4.68%) IaaS
14 35 (4.10%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 30 (3.51%) Google Cloud Platform
16 29 (3.40%) PaaS
17 16 (1.87%) Serverless
18 15 (1.76%) Datadog
19 9 (1.05%) Google Play
20 8 (0.94%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 119 (13.93%) Firewall
2 103 (12.06%) SAN
3 92 (10.77%) DNS
4 83 (9.72%) LAN
4 83 (9.72%) WAN
5 74 (8.67%) DHCP
6 52 (6.09%) TCP/IP
7 43 (5.04%) VLAN
8 35 (4.10%) VPN
9 24 (2.81%) RTMP
9 24 (2.81%) RTSP
10 21 (2.46%) Skype
10 21 (2.46%) SSL
11 20 (2.34%) NAS
12 19 (2.22%) Cisco ASA
13 18 (2.11%) Wireless
14 17 (1.99%) Remote Desktop
15 16 (1.87%) Cisco Nexus
16 15 (1.76%) iSCSI
16 15 (1.76%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 150 (17.56%) SQL Server
2 140 (16.39%) Amazon RDS
3 80 (9.37%) MySQL
4 49 (5.74%) Azure SQL Database
4 49 (5.74%) NoSQL
5 42 (4.92%) Relational Database
6 38 (4.45%) Blockchain
6 38 (4.45%) PostgreSQL
7 34 (3.98%) MongoDB
8 28 (3.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 22 (2.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 21 (2.46%) Oracle Database
10 21 (2.46%) SQL Server 2016
11 20 (2.34%) Big Data
11 20 (2.34%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 19 (2.22%) Hadoop
12 19 (2.22%) MariaDB
12 19 (2.22%) Redis
13 17 (1.99%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 16 (1.87%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 221 (25.88%) Git (software)
2 149 (17.45%) Jenkins
3 140 (16.39%) JIRA
4 105 (12.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 101 (11.83%) TeamCity
6 100 (11.71%) Octopus Deploy
7 42 (4.92%) Visual Studio
8 37 (4.33%) Team Foundation Server
9 24 (2.81%) Mercurial
10 20 (2.34%) Eclipse
11 19 (2.22%) Selenium
11 19 (2.22%) Vagrant
12 17 (1.99%) Visual Studio Team System
13 16 (1.87%) Maven
13 16 (1.87%) Travis CI
14 15 (1.76%) GitLab
15 14 (1.64%) Sonatype Nexus
16 13 (1.52%) JUnit
17 12 (1.41%) Mocha
18 11 (1.29%) Mockito
General
1 83 (9.72%) Finance
2 44 (5.15%) Banking
3 31 (3.63%) Telecoms
4 19 (2.22%) Retail
5 15 (1.76%) Manufacturing
6 13 (1.52%) Investment Banking
6 13 (1.52%) Marketing
7 10 (1.17%) Publishing
8 7 (0.82%) Law
9 6 (0.70%) Back Office
10 5 (0.59%) Advertising
11 2 (0.23%) Electronics
11 2 (0.23%) Games
11 2 (0.23%) Legal
12 1 (0.12%) Aerospace
12 1 (0.12%) Automotive
12 1 (0.12%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 135 (15.81%) DevOps Engineer
2 107 (12.53%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 92 (10.77%) Developer
4 83 (9.72%) Administrator
5 73 (8.55%) Architect
6 56 (6.56%) Systems Administrator
7 54 (6.32%) Solutions Architect
8 50 (5.85%) Analyst
9 46 (5.39%) IT Support
10 44 (5.15%) IT Engineer
10 44 (5.15%) Linux Administrator
11 42 (4.92%) Consultant
11 42 (4.92%) Linux Systems Administrator
12 41 (4.80%) DevOps Manager
13 39 (4.57%) Support Engineer
14 32 (3.75%) Server Support
15 31 (3.63%) DBA
16 29 (3.40%) IT Technician
17 28 (3.28%) IT Support Technician
17 28 (3.28%) Support Technician
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (9.95%) Web Services
2 74 (8.67%) .NET
3 48 (5.62%) HTML
4 42 (4.92%) LAMP
5 41 (4.80%) Node.js
6 39 (4.57%) CSS
7 37 (4.33%) Middleware
8 31 (3.63%) REST
9 29 (3.40%) RESTful
10 26 (3.04%) XML
11 24 (2.81%) Elastic Stack
11 24 (2.81%) HTML5
11 24 (2.81%) SOAP
12 23 (2.69%) React
13 21 (2.46%) Smart Contracts
14 20 (2.34%) Oracle Fusion
15 18 (2.11%) Truffle
15 18 (2.11%) web3js
16 17 (1.99%) Kafka
17 16 (1.87%) STL
Miscellaneous
1 117 (13.70%) Private Cloud
2 83 (9.72%) Data Centre
3 54 (6.32%) Self-Motivation
4 49 (5.74%) Replication
5 45 (5.27%) Analytical Skills
6 44 (5.15%) Public Cloud
7 43 (5.04%) Fintech
8 40 (4.68%) User Experience
9 36 (4.22%) Hybrid Cloud
10 30 (3.51%) Mobile App
11 29 (3.40%) Clustering
12 24 (2.81%) Video\Live Streaming
13 21 (2.46%) Enterprise Software
14 18 (2.11%) Bitcoin
15 16 (1.87%) Greenfield Project
16 13 (1.52%) Blackberry
16 13 (1.52%) Video Conferencing
17 12 (1.41%) Data Protection Act
18 11 (1.29%) Management Information System
18 11 (1.29%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 464 (54.33%) Windows
2 365 (42.74%) Linux
3 186 (21.78%) Windows Server
4 86 (10.07%) Windows Server 2012
5 76 (8.90%) Windows Server 2008
6 70 (8.20%) Unix
7 64 (7.49%) CentOS
7 64 (7.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 53 (6.21%) Windows 10
9 33 (3.86%) Debian
10 31 (3.63%) Ubuntu
11 30 (3.51%) Android
12 27 (3.16%) VMS
12 27 (3.16%) Windows 7
13 23 (2.69%) Windows Server 2003
14 21 (2.46%) Apple iOS
15 15 (1.76%) DC/OS
16 14 (1.64%) Data ONTAP
17 12 (1.41%) Solaris
18 7 (0.82%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 253 (29.63%) DevOps
2 217 (25.41%) Agile Software Development
3 125 (14.64%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 118 (13.82%) ITIL
5 110 (12.88%) Business Intelligence
6 108 (12.65%) Problem-Solving
7 104 (12.18%) Configuration Management
8 102 (11.94%) Network Virtualisation
9 79 (9.25%) Continuous Integration
10 72 (8.43%) Service Management
11 70 (8.20%) Migration
12 64 (7.49%) Project Management
13 62 (7.26%) Presales
14 55 (6.44%) Load Balancing
15 54 (6.32%) Data Protection
15 54 (6.32%) Test Automation
16 49 (5.74%) Open Source
17 47 (5.50%) High Availability
17 47 (5.50%) Logistics
18 44 (5.15%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 325 (38.06%) SQL
2 159 (18.62%) PowerShell
3 129 (15.11%) Python
4 82 (9.60%) Java
5 75 (8.78%) JavaScript
6 62 (7.26%) Bash Shell
7 39 (4.57%) C++
7 39 (4.57%) Ruby
8 37 (4.33%) T-SQL
9 33 (3.86%) C#
10 26 (3.04%) Shell Script
11 22 (2.58%) Go
11 22 (2.58%) Solidity
12 19 (2.22%) Objective-C
13 18 (2.11%) ES6
14 15 (1.76%) C
14 15 (1.76%) Elixir
15 14 (1.64%) PHP
16 12 (1.41%) VBScript
17 11 (1.29%) Scala
Qualifications
1 64 (7.49%) Degree
2 54 (6.32%) Microsoft Certification
3 39 (4.57%) MCSE
4 29 (3.40%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
5 23 (2.69%) Security Cleared
6 20 (2.34%) Cisco Certification
7 15 (1.76%) CISSP
8 14 (1.64%) CCNA
8 14 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
9 13 (1.52%) CompTIA Security+
9 13 (1.52%) ISEB
9 13 (1.52%) ISTQB
10 12 (1.41%) CISMP
10 12 (1.41%) SC Cleared
11 11 (1.29%) AWS Certification
12 9 (1.05%) CCNP
12 9 (1.05%) ITIL Certification
12 9 (1.05%) OCP
12 9 (1.05%) Oracle Certification
13 7 (0.82%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (6.56%) QA
2 43 (5.04%) SLA
3 36 (4.22%) GDPR
4 22 (2.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 12 (1.41%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 7 (0.82%) GAMP
7 4 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
7 4 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 3 (0.35%) HL7
8 3 (0.35%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.23%) COBIT
9 2 (0.23%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 302 (35.36%) Active Directory
2 280 (32.79%) VMware Infrastructure
3 212 (24.82%) Hyper-V
4 110 (12.88%) Docker
5 70 (8.20%) VMware ESXi
6 58 (6.79%) XenApp
7 37 (4.33%) vSphere
8 33 (3.86%) Virtual Servers
9 28 (3.28%) XenDesktop
10 24 (2.81%) VirtualBox
11 19 (2.22%) Virtual Desktop
12 18 (2.11%) Microsoft App-V
13 15 (1.76%) BitLocker
14 12 (1.41%) Terminal Services
15 11 (1.29%) DFS Replication
15 11 (1.29%) HDFS
16 10 (1.17%) Oracle RAC
17 9 (1.05%) VMware Workstation
18 8 (0.94%) NFS
19 6 (0.70%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 139 (16.28%) Ansible
2 102 (11.94%) Puppet
3 63 (7.38%) Kubernetes
4 62 (7.26%) SCVMM
5 52 (6.09%) Terraform
6 50 (5.85%) Opscode Chef
7 42 (4.92%) SCCM
8 29 (3.40%) Docker Swarm
9 27 (3.16%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 21 (2.46%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
11 20 (2.34%) vCenter Server
12 19 (2.22%) Packer
12 19 (2.22%) SCOrch
13 17 (1.99%) Microsoft Intune
13 17 (1.99%) Nagios
13 17 (1.99%) SCDPM
14 15 (1.76%) SCSM
15 14 (1.64%) AirWatch
16 13 (1.52%) Backup Exec
16 13 (1.52%) WSUS
Vendors
1 314 (36.77%) VMware
2 312 (36.53%) Microsoft
3 109 (12.76%) New Relic
4 94 (11.01%) Oracle
5 89 (10.42%) Trend Micro
6 83 (9.72%) Citrix
7 70 (8.20%) Cisco
8 62 (7.26%) Google
9 54 (6.32%) Red Hat
10 49 (5.74%) HP
11 42 (4.92%) Veeam
12 31 (3.63%) Dell
12 31 (3.63%) NetApp
13 29 (3.40%) IBM
14 24 (2.81%) Symantec
15 21 (2.46%) Juniper
15 21 (2.46%) MobileIron
15 21 (2.46%) Splunk
16 19 (2.22%) EMC
17 18 (2.11%) Meraki