Period
to 26 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 26 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
26 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 501 509 559
Rank change year-on-year +8 +50 +91
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 631 857 838
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.51% 0.57% 0.48%
As % of the System Software category 3.01% 3.61% 3.56%
Number of salaries quoted 475 709 682
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £30,350 £31,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £80,750 £83,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +15.38%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 20,932 23,758 23,515
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.00% 15.70% 13.41%
Number of salaries quoted 17,094 19,443 19,422
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% +5.88%
10th Percentile £25,750 £25,750 £24,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 26 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 26 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 585 £55,000 +4.76% 106
UK excluding London -10 421 £50,000 - 93
London +23 193 £66,250 +1.92% 23
South East +17 149 £51,250 +2.50% 27
Midlands +56 100 £50,000 - 11
North of England +1 86 £50,000 +6.60% 26
West Midlands +28 56 £54,250 -1.36% 7
Yorkshire +47 42 £55,000 +59.42% 8
North West -7 42 £42,500 -29.17% 17
East Midlands +47 41 £50,000 +17.65% 4
East of England +15 32 £47,500 -5.00% 6
Scotland +36 27 £31,000 -50.40% 3
South West -6 23 £37,500 -16.67% 13
Wales -12 3 £55,000 +18.92% 7
North East +12 2 £50,000 - 1
Northern Ireland +10 2 £46,750 +55.83%

For the 6 months to 26 February 2020, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 319 (50.55%) Windows
2 252 (39.94%) Microsoft
3 250 (39.62%) VMware
4 235 (37.24%) Azure
5 227 (35.97%) Linux
6 224 (35.50%) VMware Infrastructure
7 221 (35.02%) Active Directory
8 185 (29.32%) Hyper-V
9 179 (28.37%) Windows Server
10 163 (25.83%) AWS
11 152 (24.09%) Firewall
12 151 (23.93%) Data Centre
13 137 (21.71%) DevOps
14 128 (20.29%) SQL
15 119 (18.86%) Agile Software Development
16 115 (18.23%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 101 (16.01%) DNS
18 100 (15.85%) PowerShell
19 99 (15.69%) SCCM
20 98 (15.53%) Office 365
21 97 (15.37%) SAN
21 97 (15.37%) Python
22 94 (14.90%) Docker
23 89 (14.10%) Java
24 86 (13.63%) VMware ESXi
25 85 (13.47%) SQL Server
26 75 (11.89%) ITIL
27 74 (11.73%) Cisco
27 74 (11.73%) Management Information System
27 74 (11.73%) Ansible

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (9.51%) SharePoint
2 47 (7.45%) MS Exchange
3 31 (4.91%) Exchange Server 2010
4 28 (4.44%) Skype for Business
5 24 (3.80%) Apache
5 24 (3.80%) Tomcat
6 23 (3.65%) IIS
7 11 (1.74%) Anypoint
7 11 (1.74%) Confluence
8 10 (1.58%) nginx
9 8 (1.27%) Cloud Foundry
10 7 (1.11%) WildFly
11 6 (0.95%) BizTalk Server
11 6 (0.95%) Exchange Server 2013
12 5 (0.79%) OpenStack
13 4 (0.63%) JBoss
13 4 (0.63%) SharePoint 2013
13 4 (0.63%) WebLogic
14 3 (0.48%) Exchange Server 2007
15 2 (0.32%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
Applications
1 22 (3.49%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (2.85%) Microsoft Excel
3 14 (2.22%) MS Visio
4 13 (2.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (1.11%) Gliffy
Business Applications
1 11 (1.74%) Remedy ITSM
2 4 (0.63%) assyst
2 4 (0.63%) Oracle Applications
3 2 (0.32%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.16%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 235 (37.24%) Azure
2 163 (25.83%) AWS
3 98 (15.53%) Office 365
4 55 (8.72%) IaaS
5 54 (8.56%) Azure Active Directory
6 51 (8.08%) PaaS
7 36 (5.71%) Cloud Computing
8 34 (5.39%) GCP
9 32 (5.07%) Power Platform
10 31 (4.91%) SaaS
11 28 (4.44%) AWS CloudFormation
12 25 (3.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 25 (3.96%) Amazon EC2
12 25 (3.96%) Serverless
13 16 (2.54%) Azure Functions
14 13 (2.06%) Amazon ECS
14 13 (2.06%) Amazon S3
14 13 (2.06%) Azure Data Factory
14 13 (2.06%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 9 (1.43%) Azure ExpressRoute
Communications & Networking
1 152 (24.09%) Firewall
2 101 (16.01%) DNS
3 97 (15.37%) SAN
4 63 (9.98%) WAN
5 61 (9.67%) DHCP
6 60 (9.51%) LAN
7 51 (8.08%) TCP/IP
7 51 (8.08%) Wireless
8 37 (5.86%) NAS
9 24 (3.80%) VPN
10 23 (3.65%) VoIP
11 22 (3.49%) Internet
11 22 (3.49%) VLAN
12 21 (3.33%) iSCSI
13 20 (3.17%) Fibre Channel
14 17 (2.69%) Network Security
15 13 (2.06%) IP Telephony
15 13 (2.06%) Remote Desktop
15 13 (2.06%) SMS
16 12 (1.90%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 85 (13.47%) SQL Server
2 56 (8.87%) Azure SQL Database
3 38 (6.02%) MySQL
4 28 (4.44%) Power BI
5 20 (3.17%) Data Lake
6 18 (2.85%) Amazon RDS
7 17 (2.69%) Relational Database
8 13 (2.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 12 (1.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 12 (1.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 10 (1.58%) MariaDB
10 10 (1.58%) NoSQL
11 8 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
11 8 (1.27%) SQL Server 2016
12 7 (1.11%) Hadoop
13 6 (0.95%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 5 (0.79%) Big Data
14 5 (0.79%) MongoDB
15 4 (0.63%) Oracle Database
15 4 (0.63%) Redis
Development Applications
1 57 (9.03%) Git (software)
2 48 (7.61%) Jenkins
3 25 (3.96%) Eclipse
4 23 (3.65%) NetBeans
5 16 (2.54%) JIRA
6 14 (2.22%) TeamCity
7 12 (1.90%) git-flow
7 12 (1.90%) gulp
7 12 (1.90%) RSpec
8 11 (1.74%) GitLab
9 10 (1.58%) Grunt
9 10 (1.58%) Jasmine
10 7 (1.11%) Vagrant
10 7 (1.11%) Visual Studio
10 7 (1.11%) Visual Studio Team System
11 6 (0.95%) Mocha
11 6 (0.95%) Octopus Deploy
11 6 (0.95%) Selenium
11 6 (0.95%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
11 6 (0.95%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 69 (10.94%) Finance
2 50 (7.92%) Retail
3 33 (5.23%) Telecoms
4 26 (4.12%) Games
5 23 (3.65%) Automotive
6 14 (2.22%) Banking
7 10 (1.58%) Marketing
8 9 (1.43%) Billing
9 8 (1.27%) Law
9 8 (1.27%) Military
9 8 (1.27%) Public Sector
9 8 (1.27%) Publishing
10 7 (1.11%) Aerospace
10 7 (1.11%) Manufacturing
11 5 (0.79%) Local Government
12 4 (0.63%) Advertising
12 4 (0.63%) German Language
13 3 (0.48%) Electronics
13 3 (0.48%) Legal
14 2 (0.32%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 103 (16.32%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 93 (14.74%) DevOps Engineer
3 66 (10.46%) Architect
4 62 (9.83%) Support Engineer
5 53 (8.40%) Analyst
5 53 (8.40%) Developer
6 40 (6.34%) Administrator
6 40 (6.34%) Systems Administrator
7 35 (5.55%) Azure Engineer
8 34 (5.39%) IT Engineer
8 34 (5.39%) Senior Developer
9 33 (5.23%) IT Support
10 30 (4.75%) Cloud Engineer
11 26 (4.12%) Consultant
11 26 (4.12%) Java Developer
11 26 (4.12%) Support Analyst
11 26 (4.12%) Systems Engineer
12 25 (3.96%) 3rd Line Engineer
13 24 (3.80%) Backend Developer
13 24 (3.80%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 55 (8.72%) Web Services
2 25 (3.96%) JSP
3 24 (3.80%) .NET
3 24 (3.80%) Elastic Stack
4 23 (3.65%) AWT
4 23 (3.65%) Java ME
4 23 (3.65%) Java SE
5 20 (3.17%) HTML
6 18 (2.85%) REST
7 17 (2.69%) jQuery
7 17 (2.69%) LDAP
7 17 (2.69%) RESTful
8 16 (2.54%) CSS
8 16 (2.54%) Middleware
8 16 (2.54%) Node.js
9 14 (2.22%) Ajax
10 13 (2.06%) SOAP
11 12 (1.90%) Lambda Expressions
11 12 (1.90%) XML
12 10 (1.58%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 151 (23.93%) Data Centre
2 74 (11.73%) Management Information System
3 60 (9.51%) Public Cloud
4 58 (9.19%) Clustering
5 41 (6.50%) Private Cloud
6 39 (6.18%) Self-Motivation
7 32 (5.07%) User Experience
8 29 (4.60%) Hybrid Cloud
9 26 (4.12%) CCTV
9 26 (4.12%) Enterprise Software
10 20 (3.17%) Analytical Skills
11 19 (3.01%) Fat Client
11 19 (3.01%) Thin Client
12 17 (2.69%) Driving Licence
13 15 (2.38%) Replication
14 13 (2.06%) Client/Server
15 7 (1.11%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 7 (1.11%) Mainframe
15 7 (1.11%) Mobile App
15 7 (1.11%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 319 (50.55%) Windows
2 227 (35.97%) Linux
3 179 (28.37%) Windows Server
4 68 (10.78%) Windows Server 2012
5 55 (8.72%) Windows Server 2008
6 45 (7.13%) Windows 10
7 30 (4.75%) Windows 7
8 20 (3.17%) CentOS
9 18 (2.85%) Unix
9 18 (2.85%) Windows Server 2003
10 17 (2.69%) Solaris
11 16 (2.54%) Windows 8
12 14 (2.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 14 (2.22%) Ubuntu
12 14 (2.22%) VMS
13 12 (1.90%) Debian
14 11 (1.74%) SUSE
15 7 (1.11%) zOS
16 6 (0.95%) AIX
17 4 (0.63%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 137 (21.71%) DevOps
2 119 (18.86%) Agile Software Development
3 115 (18.23%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 75 (11.89%) ITIL
5 68 (10.78%) Disaster Recovery
6 67 (10.62%) Problem-Solving
7 63 (9.98%) Migration
8 53 (8.40%) Change Management
9 52 (8.24%) Configuration Management
10 45 (7.13%) Project Management
11 42 (6.66%) Incident Management
12 41 (6.50%) Cybersecurity
12 41 (6.50%) Load Balancing
12 41 (6.50%) Server Management
12 41 (6.50%) Service Management
13 40 (6.34%) Infrastructure as Code
14 35 (5.55%) Continuous Integration
15 34 (5.39%) Software Engineering
16 33 (5.23%) Analytics
16 33 (5.23%) ITIL V3
Programming Languages
1 128 (20.29%) SQL
2 100 (15.85%) PowerShell
3 97 (15.37%) Python
4 89 (14.10%) Java
5 45 (7.13%) JavaScript
6 43 (6.81%) Bash Shell
7 33 (5.23%) Perl
8 32 (5.07%) Ruby
9 23 (3.65%) C#
9 23 (3.65%) C++
10 19 (3.01%) C
11 16 (2.54%) Go
11 16 (2.54%) PHP
11 16 (2.54%) Shell Script
12 13 (2.06%) Groovy
13 10 (1.58%) T-SQL
14 9 (1.43%) VBScript
15 8 (1.27%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
16 7 (1.11%) VB
17 5 (0.79%) REXX
Qualifications
1 49 (7.77%) Microsoft Certification
2 45 (7.13%) Security Cleared
3 42 (6.66%) Degree
4 36 (5.71%) MCSE
5 34 (5.39%) SC Cleared
6 30 (4.75%) Cisco Certification
6 30 (4.75%) MCSA
7 24 (3.80%) CCNA
8 19 (3.01%) DV Cleared
9 14 (2.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 10 (1.58%) RHCE
11 9 (1.43%) ITIL Certification
11 9 (1.43%) MCP
12 8 (1.27%) LFCE
12 8 (1.27%) LFCS
12 8 (1.27%) Linux+ Certification
12 8 (1.27%) RHCSA
12 8 (1.27%) VCAP
13 6 (0.95%) CCNP
14 5 (0.79%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (7.45%) SLA
2 30 (4.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 18 (2.85%) Cyber Essentials
4 17 (2.69%) PCI DSS
5 14 (2.22%) COBIT
6 13 (2.06%) ISO 9001
7 7 (1.11%) QA
8 4 (0.63%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 2 (0.32%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.32%) GDPR
10 1 (0.16%) HL7
10 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.16%) NCSC
10 1 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 224 (35.50%) VMware Infrastructure
2 221 (35.02%) Active Directory
3 185 (29.32%) Hyper-V
4 94 (14.90%) Docker
5 86 (13.63%) VMware ESXi
6 34 (5.39%) vSphere
7 33 (5.23%) XenApp
8 29 (4.60%) Virtual Servers
9 22 (3.49%) Firmware
10 15 (2.38%) NFS
11 9 (1.43%) Samba
11 9 (1.43%) Xen
12 8 (1.27%) VMware Workstation
13 7 (1.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 6 (0.95%) Terminal Services
14 6 (0.95%) vCloud
15 5 (0.79%) Job Entry Subsystem
15 5 (0.79%) Microsoft App-V
15 5 (0.79%) RACF
15 5 (0.79%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 99 (15.69%) SCCM
2 74 (11.73%) Ansible
3 70 (11.09%) Kubernetes
4 65 (10.30%) Puppet
5 52 (8.24%) Opscode Chef
6 48 (7.61%) Terraform
7 29 (4.60%) WSUS
8 26 (4.12%) SCVMM
9 21 (3.33%) Microsoft Intune
9 21 (3.33%) vCenter Server
10 20 (3.17%) Packer
11 18 (2.85%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 18 (2.85%) SCOrch
12 16 (2.54%) Icinga
13 15 (2.38%) Microsoft Clustering
14 14 (2.22%) Nessus
15 12 (1.90%) Consul
15 12 (1.90%) Prometheus
15 12 (1.90%) Salt
16 11 (1.74%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 252 (39.94%) Microsoft
2 250 (39.62%) VMware
3 74 (11.73%) Cisco
4 62 (9.83%) Citrix
5 47 (7.45%) Oracle
6 37 (5.86%) Veeam
7 35 (5.55%) HP
7 35 (5.55%) Red Hat
8 30 (4.75%) Google
9 23 (3.65%) Brocade
10 21 (3.33%) Palo Alto
11 18 (2.85%) 3PAR
11 18 (2.85%) McAfee
12 16 (2.54%) Splunk
13 15 (2.38%) Qualys
14 14 (2.22%) Arista
15 13 (2.06%) Barracuda Networks
15 13 (2.06%) Emulex
15 13 (2.06%) Sun
16 12 (1.90%) NetApp