Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 16 22 23
Rank change year-on-year +6 +1 +4
Permanent jobs citing Python 4,931 5,585 6,979
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 10.68% 8.79% 8.31%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.99% 16.40% 15.50%
Number of salaries quoted 3,667 4,466 5,432
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £67,500 £63,750 £62,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 24,670 34,046 45,028
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 53.45% 53.57% 53.62%
Number of salaries quoted 20,200 28,365 36,739
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £27,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £46,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +2.22% +2.27%
75th Percentile £61,250 £58,750 £57,500
90th Percentile £71,250 £68,750 £67,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK excluding London

Python
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Python in the UK excluding London

Python
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK excluding London

Python
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England +9 1,248 £57,500 +9.52% 308
South East -1 1,121 £55,000 +4.76% 254
South West +5 832 £52,500 +5.00% 186
Midlands +14 700 £50,000 - 161
Yorkshire +13 630 £57,500 +9.52% 113
North West +9 563 £57,500 +9.52% 168
Scotland +2 481 £55,000 +15.79% 110
West Midlands +11 466 £57,500 +15.00% 106
East of England +7 401 £55,000 - 208
East Midlands +20 228 £50,000 - 55
Wales +10 106 £47,500 +11.76% 35
North East -15 55 £47,500 - 27
Northern Ireland -7 53 £47,500 +26.67% 18
Isle of Man - 14 £37,500 - 1
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Python.

1 1,748 (35.45%) Agile Software Development
2 1,664 (33.75%) Java
3 1,597 (32.39%) AWS
4 1,477 (29.95%) JavaScript
5 1,476 (29.93%) DevOps
6 1,448 (29.37%) SQL
7 1,329 (26.95%) Linux
8 1,252 (25.39%) Software Engineering
9 1,215 (24.64%) Docker
10 1,180 (23.93%) Azure
11 1,169 (23.71%) C#
12 969 (19.65%) Kubernetes
13 837 (16.97%) Terraform
14 836 (16.95%) C++
15 815 (16.53%) Degree
16 726 (14.72%) Ansible
17 718 (14.56%) Git (software)
18 708 (14.36%) Bash Shell
19 646 (13.10%) Microsoft
20 645 (13.08%) Analytics
21 631 (12.80%) Jenkins
22 612 (12.41%) Computer Science
23 609 (12.35%) Problem-Solving
24 601 (12.19%) Go
25 578 (11.72%) Node.js
26 572 (11.60%) HTML
27 558 (11.32%) Machine Learning
28 552 (11.19%) Test Automation
29 551 (11.17%) GCP
30 545 (11.05%) Data Science

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 239 (4.85%) Apache Spark
2 208 (4.22%) Confluence
3 177 (3.59%) Apache
3 177 (3.59%) Elasticsearch
4 96 (1.95%) nginx
5 50 (1.01%) SAS
6 33 (0.67%) Apache Airflow
7 28 (0.57%) JBoss
8 27 (0.55%) SharePoint
9 24 (0.49%) OpenStack
9 24 (0.49%) Tomcat
10 22 (0.45%) CMS
11 21 (0.43%) IIS
12 20 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 19 (0.39%) WebSphere
14 17 (0.34%) Jupyter
14 17 (0.34%) WordPress
15 16 (0.32%) Luigi
16 14 (0.28%) Apache Synapse
16 14 (0.28%) Drupal
Applications
1 86 (1.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 42 (0.85%) Microsoft Office
3 40 (0.81%) Simulink
4 28 (0.57%) Stateflow
5 9 (0.18%) Maya
6 8 (0.16%) MS Visio
7 6 (0.12%) OrCAD
7 6 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.10%) Sketch
9 4 (0.081%) Gephi
9 4 (0.081%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 3 (0.061%) Adobe Illustrator
10 3 (0.061%) Zemax
11 2 (0.041%) Photoshop
12 1 (0.020%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 1 (0.020%) AutoCAD
12 1 (0.020%) EngageOne
12 1 (0.020%) PrintSoft PReS
12 1 (0.020%) ProjectWise
12 1 (0.020%) Revit
Business Applications
1 9 (0.18%) NetSuite
2 6 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
2 6 (0.12%) Magento
3 5 (0.10%) JDE OneWorld
3 5 (0.10%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 4 (0.081%) Sentinel
5 3 (0.061%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 2 (0.041%) Odoo
6 2 (0.041%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.020%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.020%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.020%) Elite 3E
7 1 (0.020%) FastStats
7 1 (0.020%) Maximo
7 1 (0.020%) PlanetPress Connect
7 1 (0.020%) ProductWriter
7 1 (0.020%) SAP HCM
Cloud Services
1 1,597 (32.39%) AWS
2 1,180 (23.93%) Azure
3 551 (11.17%) GCP
4 327 (6.63%) SaaS
5 304 (6.17%) Power Platform
6 295 (5.98%) AWS CloudFormation
7 273 (5.54%) Serverless
8 195 (3.95%) AWS Lambda
9 192 (3.89%) GitHub
9 192 (3.89%) PaaS
10 134 (2.72%) IaaS
11 124 (2.51%) Amazon EKS
12 122 (2.47%) Cloud Computing
13 120 (2.43%) Pulumi
14 97 (1.97%) Amazon EC2
15 85 (1.72%) Azure Data Factory
16 84 (1.70%) Amazon S3
17 70 (1.42%) Datadog
18 57 (1.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 46 (0.93%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 190 (3.85%) Firewall
2 177 (3.59%) TCP/IP
3 144 (2.92%) HTTP
4 124 (2.51%) Internet
5 121 (2.45%) DNS
6 90 (1.83%) VPN
7 81 (1.64%) Wireless
8 80 (1.62%) Wireshark
9 72 (1.46%) OSPF
10 71 (1.44%) Ethernet
11 69 (1.40%) Wi-Fi
12 65 (1.32%) IPv4
13 63 (1.28%) VLAN
14 52 (1.05%) HTTPS
15 44 (0.89%) Broadband
16 43 (0.87%) DHCP
17 41 (0.83%) MQTT
18 40 (0.81%) 802.11
19 39 (0.79%) STUN
20 36 (0.73%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 417 (8.46%) PostgreSQL
2 375 (7.60%) NoSQL
3 362 (7.34%) SQL Server
4 353 (7.16%) Big Data
5 346 (7.02%) MySQL
6 308 (6.25%) MongoDB
7 298 (6.04%) Data Warehouse
8 289 (5.86%) Power BI
9 214 (4.34%) Relational Database
10 192 (3.89%) Redis
11 187 (3.79%) Hadoop
12 171 (3.47%) Data Lake
13 146 (2.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 137 (2.78%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 127 (2.58%) Tableau
16 104 (2.11%) Azure SQL Database
17 95 (1.93%) Amazon Redshift
18 87 (1.76%) MariaDB
19 86 (1.74%) Apache Hive
20 80 (1.62%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 718 (14.56%) Git (software)
2 631 (12.80%) Jenkins
3 366 (7.42%) JIRA
4 185 (3.75%) GitLab
5 182 (3.69%) Selenium
6 152 (3.08%) Subversion
7 94 (1.91%) Cucumber
8 84 (1.70%) Bitbucket
9 77 (1.56%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 77 (1.56%) TeamCity
10 72 (1.46%) Team Foundation Server
11 47 (0.95%) Maven
12 45 (0.91%) Mercurial
13 42 (0.85%) WebDriver
14 41 (0.83%) Sonatype Nexus
15 39 (0.79%) Eclipse
16 36 (0.73%) JMeter
17 34 (0.69%) Artifactory
18 32 (0.65%) Visual Studio
19 29 (0.59%) Vagrant
General
1 434 (8.80%) Finance
2 223 (4.52%) Public Sector
3 209 (4.24%) Games
4 161 (3.27%) Law
5 157 (3.18%) Marketing
6 137 (2.78%) Electronics
7 131 (2.66%) Telecoms
8 117 (2.37%) Retail
9 112 (2.27%) Manufacturing
10 78 (1.58%) Legal
11 74 (1.50%) Multimedia
12 64 (1.30%) Banking
13 52 (1.05%) Aerospace
14 44 (0.89%) Automotive
15 29 (0.59%) Military
16 28 (0.57%) Publishing
17 26 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
18 15 (0.30%) Advertising
19 11 (0.22%) Billing
19 11 (0.22%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,331 (26.99%) Developer
2 666 (13.51%) Software Engineer
3 617 (12.51%) DevOps Engineer
4 371 (7.52%) Python Developer
5 334 (6.77%) Data Engineer
6 287 (5.82%) Software Developer
7 255 (5.17%) Python Engineer
8 239 (4.85%) AWS Engineer
9 225 (4.56%) Analyst
10 223 (4.52%) Senior Developer
11 219 (4.44%) Cloud Engineer
12 160 (3.24%) Azure Engineer
13 153 (3.10%) AWS DevOps
14 151 (3.06%) Senior Software Engineer
15 150 (3.04%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 149 (3.02%) Tester
17 146 (2.96%) Full Stack Developer
18 135 (2.74%) Web Developer
19 131 (2.66%) Java Developer
20 128 (2.60%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 578 (11.72%) Node.js
2 572 (11.60%) HTML
3 511 (10.36%) CSS
4 428 (8.68%) React
5 397 (8.05%) AngularJS
6 319 (6.47%) .NET
7 302 (6.12%) Django
8 299 (6.06%) Kafka
9 294 (5.96%) HTML5
10 259 (5.25%) Vue.js
11 257 (5.21%) Web Services
12 250 (5.07%) REST
13 205 (4.16%) CSS3
14 188 (3.81%) Flask
15 148 (3.00%) RESTful
16 124 (2.51%) RabbitMQ
17 120 (2.43%) Spring
18 95 (1.93%) JSON
19 94 (1.91%) Java SE
20 90 (1.83%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 320 (6.49%) Analytical Skills
2 255 (5.17%) Algorithms
3 236 (4.79%) Data Structures
4 178 (3.61%) Public Cloud
5 128 (2.60%) Linux Command Line
6 111 (2.25%) Data Centre
7 107 (2.17%) Greenfield Project
8 105 (2.13%) Mobile App
9 98 (1.99%) Management Information System
9 98 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
10 71 (1.44%) Cloud Native
11 62 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
12 60 (1.22%) Enterprise Cloud
13 54 (1.10%) User Experience
14 45 (0.91%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
14 45 (0.91%) Hybrid Cloud
15 44 (0.89%) Life Science
15 44 (0.89%) Robotics
16 43 (0.87%) Embedded Systems
17 38 (0.77%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 1,329 (26.95%) Linux
2 431 (8.74%) Windows
3 252 (5.11%) Unix
4 170 (3.45%) CentOS
5 128 (2.60%) Windows Server
6 120 (2.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 116 (2.35%) Ubuntu
8 95 (1.93%) Android
9 75 (1.52%) Apple iOS
10 50 (1.01%) Windows Server 2016
11 33 (0.67%) Debian
12 22 (0.45%) Embedded Linux
13 13 (0.26%) Windows 10
13 13 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
14 12 (0.24%) Fedora
15 11 (0.22%) Mac OS
15 11 (0.22%) Robot Operating System
16 9 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
17 8 (0.16%) Kali Linux
17 8 (0.16%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,748 (35.45%) Agile Software Development
2 1,476 (29.93%) DevOps
3 1,252 (25.39%) Software Engineering
4 645 (13.08%) Analytics
5 612 (12.41%) Computer Science
6 609 (12.35%) Problem-Solving
7 558 (11.32%) Machine Learning
8 552 (11.19%) Test Automation
9 545 (11.05%) Data Science
10 458 (9.29%) Business Intelligence
11 454 (9.21%) Configuration Management
12 440 (8.92%) TDD
13 435 (8.82%) Continuous Integration
14 431 (8.74%) Infrastructure as Code
15 406 (8.23%) Software Testing
16 404 (8.19%) Scrum
17 400 (8.11%) Microservices
18 347 (7.04%) Mentoring
19 341 (6.92%) OO
20 319 (6.47%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 1,664 (33.75%) Java
2 1,477 (29.95%) JavaScript
3 1,448 (29.37%) SQL
4 1,169 (23.71%) C#
5 836 (16.95%) C++
6 708 (14.36%) Bash Shell
7 601 (12.19%) Go
8 541 (10.97%) Ruby
9 510 (10.34%) PowerShell
10 452 (9.17%) PHP
11 399 (8.09%) C
12 280 (5.68%) TypeScript
13 274 (5.56%) R
14 265 (5.37%) Perl
15 235 (4.77%) Scala
16 124 (2.51%) Java 8
17 116 (2.35%) MATLAB
18 114 (2.31%) Shell Script
19 106 (2.15%) Groovy
19 106 (2.15%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 815 (16.53%) Degree
2 376 (7.63%) Security Cleared
3 265 (5.37%) Computer Science Degree
4 263 (5.33%) SC Cleared
5 167 (3.39%) PhD
6 109 (2.21%) AWS Certification
7 105 (2.13%) OCP
7 105 (2.13%) Oracle Certification
8 94 (1.91%) CIW
8 94 (1.91%) OCA
9 91 (1.85%) Numerate Degree
10 80 (1.62%) DV Cleared
11 62 (1.26%) Master's Degree
12 47 (0.95%) ISTQB
12 47 (0.95%) RHCE
13 39 (0.79%) Cisco Certification
14 36 (0.73%) GIAC
15 25 (0.51%) CCNP
16 22 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
17 20 (0.41%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 203 (4.12%) QA
2 66 (1.34%) Data Quality
3 39 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 37 (0.75%) SLA
5 31 (0.63%) GDPR
6 18 (0.37%) ISO 9001
7 13 (0.26%) HIPAA
7 13 (0.26%) PCI DSS
8 11 (0.22%) ISO 26262
8 11 (0.22%) NCSC
8 11 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 10 (0.20%) MISRA
9 10 (0.20%) MISRA C
10 9 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 9 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27005
11 8 (0.16%) NIST
12 7 (0.14%) IEC 61131
12 7 (0.14%) IEC 62304
12 7 (0.14%) PMO
13 4 (0.081%) JTAG
System Software
1 1,215 (24.64%) Docker
2 220 (4.46%) VMware Infrastructure
3 82 (1.66%) Firmware
4 77 (1.56%) Active Directory
5 71 (1.44%) VMware ESXi
6 48 (0.97%) Hyper-V
7 44 (0.89%) KVM
8 29 (0.59%) VirtualBox
9 24 (0.49%) vSphere
10 23 (0.47%) HDFS
10 23 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
11 18 (0.37%) Xen
12 11 (0.22%) Apache Flume
12 11 (0.22%) Samba
13 10 (0.20%) BitLocker
13 10 (0.20%) Postfix
14 8 (0.16%) FreeRADIUS
14 8 (0.16%) NFS
15 6 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 6 (0.12%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 969 (19.65%) Kubernetes
2 837 (16.97%) Terraform
3 726 (14.72%) Ansible
4 433 (8.78%) Puppet
5 312 (6.33%) Opscode Chef
6 137 (2.78%) Prometheus
7 123 (2.49%) Grafana
8 59 (1.20%) Kibana
9 51 (1.03%) Graylog
10 50 (1.01%) Nagios
11 48 (0.97%) Packer
12 38 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
13 33 (0.67%) CFEngine
14 28 (0.57%) Consul
15 24 (0.49%) Graphite
16 23 (0.47%) Demisto
17 22 (0.45%) Rundeck
17 22 (0.45%) SCCM
18 19 (0.39%) FortiGate
18 19 (0.39%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 646 (13.10%) Microsoft
2 351 (7.12%) Oracle
3 292 (5.92%) Google
4 261 (5.29%) VMware
5 185 (3.75%) Red Hat
6 133 (2.70%) Databricks
7 125 (2.53%) SaltStack
8 92 (1.87%) Splunk
9 78 (1.58%) SAP
10 76 (1.54%) IBM
11 73 (1.48%) Atlassian
12 70 (1.42%) New Relic
13 65 (1.32%) Cisco
14 38 (0.77%) Apple
15 37 (0.75%) PagerDuty
16 36 (0.73%) Salesforce.com
16 36 (0.73%) Teradata
17 26 (0.53%) Talend
18 25 (0.51%) Juniper
19 24 (0.49%) Cognos