Period
to 13 April 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £47,500 in advertised job vacancies in the UK excluding London during the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 1 1 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 13,143 18,717 24,280
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 28.48% 29.45% 28.91%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.32% 30.69% 29.99%
Number of salaries quoted 11,311 16,048 20,725
10th Percentile £31,500 £30,000 £27,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
75th Percentile £57,500 £57,000 £55,000
90th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £65,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies in the UK excluding London with a recognized job title 43,353 60,990 80,958
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.93% 95.96% 96.40%
Number of salaries quoted 34,016 49,316 64,432
10th Percentile £28,970 £27,000 £26,250
25th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%
75th Percentile £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
90th Percentile £72,500 £72,312 £70,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK excluding London

Developer
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK excluding London

Developer
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK excluding London

Developer
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East 0 3,860 £52,500 +5.00% 773
North of England 0 3,095 £45,000 - 1,203
South West 0 1,961 £45,000 +5.88% 417
Midlands 0 1,926 £45,000 +5.88% 720
North West 0 1,643 £46,500 +3.33% 686
Yorkshire 0 1,163 £43,500 -1.14% 380
West Midlands 0 1,136 £45,000 - 428
Scotland 0 1,049 £47,500 +5.56% 242
East Midlands 0 782 £42,500 - 288
East of England 0 775 £50,000 +5.26% 320
Wales 0 302 £44,250 +4.12% 124
North East 0 291 £42,500 +2.41% 137
Northern Ireland 0 169 £40,000 -11.11% 55
Isle of Man -2 27 £49,500 +4.21%
Channel Islands +2 1 - -
Developer
UK

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 6,860 (52.20%) JavaScript
2 4,891 (37.21%) Agile Software Development
3 4,708 (35.82%) C#
4 4,555 (34.66%) .NET
5 4,500 (34.24%) HTML
6 4,369 (33.24%) CSS
7 3,944 (30.01%) SQL
8 2,978 (22.66%) Azure
9 2,727 (20.75%) AngularJS
10 2,685 (20.43%) React
11 2,437 (18.54%) SQL Server
12 2,422 (18.43%) Java
13 2,387 (18.16%) MVC
14 2,339 (17.80%) Git (software)
15 2,260 (17.20%) PHP
16 1,898 (14.44%) .NET Core
17 1,840 (14.00%) DevOps
18 1,830 (13.92%) ASP.NET
19 1,785 (13.58%) Front End Development
20 1,684 (12.81%) AWS
21 1,655 (12.59%) Web Development
22 1,619 (12.32%) Docker
23 1,608 (12.23%) Software Engineering
24 1,599 (12.17%) TDD
25 1,575 (11.98%) Scrum
26 1,561 (11.88%) MySQL
27 1,493 (11.36%) Node.js
28 1,485 (11.30%) Microservices
29 1,455 (11.07%) Microsoft
30 1,454 (11.06%) jQuery

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 533 (4.06%) CMS
2 362 (2.75%) WordPress
3 206 (1.57%) Elasticsearch
4 175 (1.33%) IIS
5 158 (1.20%) Umbraco
6 157 (1.19%) Apache
7 151 (1.15%) SharePoint
8 135 (1.03%) Confluence
9 107 (0.81%) Sitecore CMS
10 96 (0.73%) Tomcat
11 86 (0.65%) EPiServer
12 83 (0.63%) Drupal
13 79 (0.60%) NServiceBus
14 72 (0.55%) nginx
15 63 (0.48%) Apache Spark
16 56 (0.43%) JBoss
17 55 (0.42%) Kentico
18 49 (0.37%) BizTalk Server
19 39 (0.30%) Apache Solr
20 34 (0.26%) WebSphere
Applications
1 114 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
2 85 (0.65%) Photoshop
3 75 (0.57%) Adobe Illustrator
4 70 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
5 33 (0.25%) Adobe XD
6 29 (0.22%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 18 (0.14%) Sketch
8 17 (0.13%) Zeplin
9 14 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 13 (0.099%) Chatbot
10 13 (0.099%) Figma
11 8 (0.061%) InVision
12 7 (0.053%) Spreadsheet
13 6 (0.046%) MS Visio
14 4 (0.030%) AutoCAD
14 4 (0.030%) InfoPath
14 4 (0.030%) Microsoft Project
15 3 (0.023%) InDesign
15 3 (0.023%) PrintSoft PReS
16 2 (0.015%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 187 (1.42%) Magento
2 101 (0.77%) Dynamics CRM
3 85 (0.65%) Shopify
4 51 (0.39%) Payment Gateway
5 32 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
5 32 (0.24%) NetSuite
6 31 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
7 28 (0.21%) OpenCart
8 22 (0.17%) nopCommerce
9 16 (0.12%) SAP Business One
10 14 (0.11%) Visualfiles
11 12 (0.091%) Infor M3
12 11 (0.084%) Oracle Applications
13 8 (0.061%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 6 (0.046%) Elite 3E
14 6 (0.046%) Sentinel
15 5 (0.038%) Hyperion Planning
15 5 (0.038%) Maximo
15 5 (0.038%) Oracle ERP
16 4 (0.030%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 2,978 (22.66%) Azure
2 1,684 (12.81%) AWS
3 720 (5.48%) SaaS
4 470 (3.58%) Power Platform
5 421 (3.20%) GCP
6 273 (2.08%) Serverless
7 238 (1.81%) GitHub
8 155 (1.18%) npm
9 141 (1.07%) PaaS
10 140 (1.07%) AWS Lambda
11 126 (0.96%) Dynamics 365
12 101 (0.77%) Amazon EC2
13 84 (0.64%) IaaS
14 78 (0.59%) Microsoft 365
15 69 (0.52%) PowerApps
16 63 (0.48%) Cloud Computing
17 62 (0.47%) Amazon S3
18 60 (0.46%) Power Automate
19 58 (0.44%) Azure Functions
20 53 (0.40%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 176 (1.34%) HTTP
2 135 (1.03%) Internet
3 75 (0.57%) Skype
4 35 (0.27%) TCP/IP
5 34 (0.26%) Network Security
6 31 (0.24%) Intranet
7 25 (0.19%) SSL
8 21 (0.16%) FTP
8 21 (0.16%) Wireless
9 18 (0.14%) Broadband
9 18 (0.14%) DNS
9 18 (0.14%) SSH
10 13 (0.099%) Bluetooth
11 11 (0.084%) SMTP
12 9 (0.068%) DAB
13 8 (0.061%) Firewall
13 8 (0.061%) VPN
13 8 (0.061%) Wireshark
14 6 (0.046%) H.323
14 6 (0.046%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,437 (18.54%) SQL Server
2 1,561 (11.88%) MySQL
3 631 (4.80%) NoSQL
4 598 (4.55%) MongoDB
5 507 (3.86%) Relational Database
6 433 (3.29%) PostgreSQL
7 428 (3.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 428 (3.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 407 (3.10%) Power BI
9 344 (2.62%) Data Warehouse
10 174 (1.32%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 155 (1.18%) Big Data
12 154 (1.17%) Redis
13 139 (1.06%) Azure SQL Database
14 97 (0.74%) RDBMS
15 96 (0.73%) Tableau
16 93 (0.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 79 (0.60%) SQL Server 2012
18 74 (0.56%) QlikView
19 67 (0.51%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 2,339 (17.80%) Git (software)
2 482 (3.67%) JIRA
3 471 (3.58%) Visual Studio
4 452 (3.44%) Jenkins
5 236 (1.80%) Team Foundation Server
6 235 (1.79%) Selenium
7 229 (1.74%) webpack
8 216 (1.64%) Maven
9 200 (1.52%) JUnit
10 182 (1.38%) gulp
11 153 (1.16%) Subversion
12 145 (1.10%) Bitbucket
13 144 (1.10%) TeamCity
14 122 (0.93%) NUnit
15 117 (0.89%) Octopus Deploy
16 110 (0.84%) Cucumber
17 103 (0.78%) Grunt
18 96 (0.73%) Gradle
19 91 (0.69%) Visual Studio Team System
20 87 (0.66%) GitLab
General
1 1,370 (10.42%) Finance
2 506 (3.85%) Marketing
3 419 (3.19%) Public Sector
4 389 (2.96%) Retail
5 306 (2.33%) Games
6 297 (2.26%) Manufacturing
7 260 (1.98%) Telecoms
8 259 (1.97%) Law
9 176 (1.34%) Electronics
10 131 (1.00%) Automotive
11 130 (0.99%) Banking
12 87 (0.66%) Legal
13 79 (0.60%) Multimedia
14 63 (0.48%) Advertising
15 56 (0.43%) Back Office
15 56 (0.43%) Local Government
16 46 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
17 42 (0.32%) Publishing
18 39 (0.30%) Financial Institution
19 29 (0.22%) Aerospace
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,555 (34.66%) .NET
2 4,500 (34.24%) HTML
3 4,369 (33.24%) CSS
4 2,727 (20.75%) AngularJS
5 2,685 (20.43%) React
6 1,898 (14.44%) .NET Core
7 1,830 (13.92%) ASP.NET
8 1,493 (11.36%) Node.js
9 1,454 (11.06%) jQuery
10 1,439 (10.95%) Vue.js
11 1,391 (10.58%) HTML5
12 1,220 (9.28%) REST
13 1,145 (8.71%) .NET Framework
14 1,048 (7.97%) Web Services
15 1,047 (7.97%) RESTful
16 995 (7.57%) Laravel
17 935 (7.11%) Spring
18 860 (6.54%) CSS3
19 695 (5.29%) ASP.NET MVC
20 673 (5.12%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 1,098 (8.35%) User Experience
2 1,003 (7.63%) Greenfield Project
3 733 (5.58%) Mobile App
4 677 (5.15%) Analytical Skills
5 296 (2.25%) Self-Motivation
6 212 (1.61%) Enterprise Software
7 127 (0.97%) NHS
8 119 (0.91%) Algorithms
9 117 (0.89%) Data Structures
10 105 (0.80%) Virtual Team
11 94 (0.72%) Linux Command Line
12 78 (0.59%) Management Information System
13 65 (0.49%) N-Tier
14 64 (0.49%) Cloud Native
15 60 (0.46%) Renewable Energy
16 57 (0.43%) e-Learning
17 54 (0.41%) Life Science
18 51 (0.39%) Public Cloud
19 41 (0.31%) LIMS
20 40 (0.30%) Graphic Design
Operating Systems
1 1,025 (7.80%) Linux
2 495 (3.77%) Android
3 486 (3.70%) Apple iOS
4 455 (3.46%) Windows
5 152 (1.16%) Unix
6 95 (0.72%) Windows Server
7 57 (0.43%) Ubuntu
8 26 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 22 (0.17%) CentOS
10 12 (0.091%) Debian
11 11 (0.084%) Mac OS
11 11 (0.084%) Windows Server 2016
12 10 (0.076%) Embedded Linux
13 9 (0.068%) Windows 10
13 9 (0.068%) Windows Server 2012
14 6 (0.046%) VMS
14 6 (0.046%) Windows Server 2019
15 5 (0.038%) Windows 7
16 4 (0.030%) AIX
17 3 (0.023%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,891 (37.21%) Agile Software Development
2 2,387 (18.16%) MVC
3 1,840 (14.00%) DevOps
4 1,785 (13.58%) Front End Development
5 1,655 (12.59%) Web Development
6 1,608 (12.23%) Software Engineering
7 1,599 (12.17%) TDD
8 1,575 (11.98%) Scrum
9 1,485 (11.30%) Microservices
10 1,151 (8.76%) Problem-Solving
11 923 (7.02%) OO
12 898 (6.83%) Mentoring
13 860 (6.54%) Unit Testing
14 841 (6.40%) E-Commerce
15 830 (6.32%) Business Intelligence
16 824 (6.27%) OOP
17 795 (6.05%) Computer Science
18 752 (5.72%) SDLC
19 713 (5.42%) Test Automation
20 629 (4.79%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 6,860 (52.20%) JavaScript
2 4,708 (35.82%) C#
3 3,944 (30.01%) SQL
4 2,422 (18.43%) Java
5 2,260 (17.20%) PHP
6 1,357 (10.32%) TypeScript
7 1,331 (10.13%) Python
8 668 (5.08%) T-SQL
9 471 (3.58%) C++
10 324 (2.47%) ES6
11 248 (1.89%) Go
12 236 (1.80%) Ruby
13 225 (1.71%) VB.NET
14 224 (1.70%) Java 8
15 207 (1.57%) Apple Swift
16 206 (1.57%) C
17 189 (1.44%) Kotlin
18 154 (1.17%) Objective-C
19 147 (1.12%) PL/SQL
19 147 (1.12%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,123 (8.54%) Degree
2 448 (3.41%) Computer Science Degree
3 349 (2.66%) Security Cleared
4 278 (2.12%) SC Cleared
5 78 (0.59%) Microsoft Certification
6 46 (0.35%) DV Cleared
7 41 (0.31%) Master's Degree
8 36 (0.27%) PhD
9 17 (0.13%) Numerate Degree
10 15 (0.11%) HNC
11 13 (0.099%) AWS Certification
11 13 (0.099%) MCSD
12 11 (0.084%) ISTQB
13 8 (0.061%) DBS Check
13 8 (0.061%) HND
13 8 (0.061%) PMI Certification
14 7 (0.053%) CTC Cleared
15 6 (0.046%) Oracle Certification
16 5 (0.038%) ISEB
16 5 (0.038%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 396 (3.01%) QA
2 54 (0.41%) Data Quality
3 39 (0.30%) GDPR
4 38 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 35 (0.27%) SLA
6 23 (0.17%) WCAG
7 16 (0.12%) GRC
8 15 (0.11%) WAI
9 14 (0.11%) PCI DSS
10 5 (0.038%) ISO 13485
10 5 (0.038%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 4 (0.030%) ISO 9001
12 3 (0.023%) IEC 62304
13 2 (0.015%) Basel III
13 2 (0.015%) BS25999
13 2 (0.015%) COREP
13 2 (0.015%) CRD IV
14 1 (0.008%) HIPAA
14 1 (0.008%) JTAG
14 1 (0.008%) MISRA
System Software
1 1,619 (12.32%) Docker
2 35 (0.27%) Active Directory
3 24 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (0.17%) Firmware
5 15 (0.11%) NDS
6 14 (0.11%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 14 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
7 13 (0.099%) Hyper-V
8 9 (0.068%) HDFS
8 9 (0.068%) KVM
9 6 (0.046%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 6 (0.046%) Varnish
10 3 (0.023%) vSphere
11 1 (0.008%) Postfix
11 1 (0.008%) Samba
11 1 (0.008%) Squid
11 1 (0.008%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 915 (6.96%) Kubernetes
2 245 (1.86%) Terraform
3 120 (0.91%) Ansible
4 45 (0.34%) Puppet
5 44 (0.33%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (0.24%) Packer
7 17 (0.13%) MIIS
8 15 (0.11%) Grafana
8 15 (0.11%) NetIQ Identity Manager
9 14 (0.11%) Prometheus
9 14 (0.11%) Single Sign-On
10 11 (0.084%) Kibana
11 8 (0.061%) Docker Swarm
11 8 (0.061%) FlexNet
11 8 (0.061%) Graphite
12 6 (0.046%) Consul
12 6 (0.046%) Hadoop YARN
12 6 (0.046%) Opsview
12 6 (0.046%) Rancher
13 5 (0.038%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 1,455 (11.07%) Microsoft
2 487 (3.71%) Oracle
3 317 (2.41%) Google
4 216 (1.64%) Zend
5 208 (1.58%) SAP
6 204 (1.55%) Salesforce.com
7 202 (1.54%) Xamarin
8 162 (1.23%) Adobe
9 140 (1.07%) Sitecore
10 102 (0.78%) Apple
11 61 (0.46%) WooCommerce
12 54 (0.41%) Atlassian
12 54 (0.41%) Blue Prism
13 48 (0.37%) IBM
13 48 (0.37%) VMware
14 44 (0.33%) Telerik
15 41 (0.31%) MuleSoft
16 40 (0.30%) UiPath
17 39 (0.30%) Sage
18 36 (0.27%) Red Hat