Period
to 18 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 18 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK > England
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 164 219 311
Rank change year-on-year +55 +92 +129
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,163 2,720 1,964
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.06% 1.66% 1.09%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.27% 1.81% 1.19%
Number of salaries quoted 2,370 2,243 1,696
England median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £36,250
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% -4.17%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 139,592 150,171 164,358
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.08% 91.55% 90.89%
Number of salaries quoted 111,980 119,328 138,229
England median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,500 £28,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science in England.

Salary trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science in England over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Data Science in England

Data Science
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the England region over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +36 2,028 £70,000 +3.70% 231
South East +128 431 £50,000 +5.82% 55
North of England +4 233 £50,000 -9.09% 47
South West +45 189 £55,000 - 37
North West +12 168 £52,500 -6.25% 27
East of England -3 160 £50,000 +6.38% 33
Midlands -11 90 £47,500 +11.76% 20
Yorkshire -3 55 £45,000 -18.18% 13
East Midlands -2 46 £43,750 +2.94% 10
West Midlands -1 44 £50,000 +17.65% 10
North East -4 10 £35,000 +8.53% 7
Data Science
UK

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Science.

1 1,833 (57.95%) Python
2 1,497 (47.33%) Machine Learning
3 1,486 (46.98%) Analytics
4 1,226 (38.76%) SQL
5 1,012 (31.99%) Big Data
6 996 (31.49%) Degree
7 891 (28.17%) R
8 887 (28.04%) Agile Software Development
9 700 (22.13%) Hadoop
10 683 (21.59%) Finance
11 677 (21.40%) Mathematics
12 674 (21.31%) Apache Spark
13 648 (20.49%) Java
14 619 (19.57%) Computer Science
15 610 (19.29%) Amazon AWS
16 601 (19.00%) Algorithms
17 599 (18.94%) Analytical Skills
18 587 (18.56%) Visualisation
19 585 (18.50%) Artificial Intelligence
20 549 (17.36%) Software Engineering
21 544 (17.20%) Business Intelligence
22 518 (16.38%) Microsoft Azure
23 494 (15.62%) Statistics
24 480 (15.18%) NoSQL
25 449 (14.20%) Problem-Solving
26 430 (13.59%) PhD
27 429 (13.56%) JavaScript
28 416 (13.15%) Scala
29 415 (13.12%) Data Analytics
30 392 (12.39%) Data Analysis

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 674 (21.31%) Apache Spark
2 223 (7.05%) SAS
3 154 (4.87%) Apache
4 115 (3.64%) Elasticsearch
5 96 (3.04%) CMS
6 89 (2.81%) EPiServer
7 84 (2.66%) Apache Pig
8 44 (1.39%) Sitecore CMS
9 23 (0.73%) Confluence
10 22 (0.70%) SharePoint
11 18 (0.57%) Jupyter
12 17 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
12 17 (0.54%) Tomcat
13 13 (0.41%) Apache Solr
13 13 (0.41%) GlassFish
14 8 (0.25%) JBoss
14 8 (0.25%) Luigi
14 8 (0.25%) Tornado
15 7 (0.22%) IPython
15 7 (0.22%) OpenStack
Applications
1 60 (1.90%) SPSS
2 56 (1.77%) Microsoft Excel
3 40 (1.26%) GNU Octave
4 24 (0.76%) Chatbot
5 16 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
6 14 (0.44%) Photoshop
7 12 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 10 (0.32%) Adobe After Effects
8 10 (0.32%) Adobe Illustrator
8 10 (0.32%) InVision
9 8 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.16%) Flinto
11 4 (0.13%) MS Visio
11 4 (0.13%) Stata
12 3 (0.095%) OmniGraffle
12 3 (0.095%) Pixate
13 2 (0.063%) EViews
13 2 (0.063%) Microsoft Project
13 2 (0.063%) Spreadsheet
14 1 (0.032%) CPLEX
Business Applications
1 44 (1.39%) Eloqua
2 12 (0.38%) SAP S/4HANA
3 11 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
4 10 (0.32%) Dynamics NAV
5 5 (0.16%) SAP BPC
6 4 (0.13%) Markit EDM
7 3 (0.095%) Maximo
8 2 (0.063%) Eikon
8 2 (0.063%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.063%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.063%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 1 (0.032%) Odoo
9 1 (0.032%) Oracle Receivables
9 1 (0.032%) Remedy ITSM
9 1 (0.032%) SAP Forecasting and Replenishment
9 1 (0.032%) SAP Retail
Cloud Services
1 610 (19.29%) Amazon AWS
2 518 (16.38%) Microsoft Azure
3 151 (4.77%) Google Cloud Platform
4 96 (3.04%) npm
5 81 (2.56%) SaaS
6 69 (2.18%) Azure Data Factory
6 69 (2.18%) Cloud Computing
7 54 (1.71%) PaaS
8 49 (1.55%) Serverless
9 48 (1.52%) GitHub
10 45 (1.42%) Google Analytics
11 39 (1.23%) Amazon Kinesis
12 36 (1.14%) Adobe Analytics
12 36 (1.14%) Amazon S3
13 35 (1.11%) Amazon EMR
14 30 (0.95%) IaaS
15 27 (0.85%) Data Lake Analytics
16 26 (0.82%) AWS Lambda
16 26 (0.82%) Azure Machine Learning
17 24 (0.76%) Amazon SageMaker
Communications & Networking
1 24 (0.76%) HTTP
2 19 (0.60%) Internet
3 13 (0.41%) Intranet
3 13 (0.41%) Network Security
4 11 (0.35%) Broadband
4 11 (0.35%) SMS
5 10 (0.32%) Bluetooth
5 10 (0.32%) NFC
6 9 (0.28%) Firewall
7 5 (0.16%) Skype
7 5 (0.16%) VPN
8 4 (0.13%) Hyperconnected
8 4 (0.13%) MQTT
8 4 (0.13%) WAN
9 3 (0.095%) DAB
9 3 (0.095%) LAN
9 3 (0.095%) Wireless
10 2 (0.063%) FTP
10 2 (0.063%) SSH
10 2 (0.063%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,012 (31.99%) Big Data
2 700 (22.13%) Hadoop
3 480 (15.18%) NoSQL
4 311 (9.83%) Apache Hive
5 289 (9.14%) SQL Server
6 285 (9.01%) Data Warehouse
7 276 (8.73%) MongoDB
8 261 (8.25%) Power BI
9 210 (6.64%) Relational Database
10 182 (5.75%) Apache Cassandra
11 178 (5.63%) Data Mining
12 177 (5.60%) PostgreSQL
13 146 (4.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 134 (4.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 126 (3.98%) Data Lake
16 123 (3.89%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 116 (3.67%) HBase
18 114 (3.60%) Amazon Redshift
19 93 (2.94%) Impala
20 87 (2.75%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 352 (11.13%) Git (software)
2 171 (5.41%) Visual Studio
3 142 (4.49%) Selenium
4 134 (4.24%) Jenkins
5 108 (3.41%) TeamCity
6 102 (3.22%) Octopus Deploy
7 96 (3.04%) gulp
8 92 (2.91%) Karma Test Runner
9 91 (2.88%) Team Foundation Server
10 89 (2.81%) Bower
10 89 (2.81%) Mocha
10 89 (2.81%) Protractor
10 89 (2.81%) Sinon.JS
11 59 (1.87%) Subversion
12 57 (1.80%) JIRA
13 47 (1.49%) webpack
14 44 (1.39%) JUnit
15 30 (0.95%) Maven
16 20 (0.63%) Cucumber
17 18 (0.57%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 683 (21.59%) Finance
2 297 (9.39%) Marketing
3 226 (7.15%) Retail
4 209 (6.61%) Banking
5 146 (4.62%) Advertising
6 127 (4.02%) Telecoms
7 60 (1.90%) Games
8 55 (1.74%) Investment Banking
9 48 (1.52%) Law
10 45 (1.42%) Financial Institution
11 42 (1.33%) Pharmaceutical
12 41 (1.30%) Manufacturing
13 37 (1.17%) Electronics
14 33 (1.04%) Front Office
15 29 (0.92%) Publishing
16 22 (0.70%) Automotive
17 13 (0.41%) Military
18 11 (0.35%) Corporate Banking
19 10 (0.32%) Social Science
20 9 (0.28%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 960 (30.35%) Data Scientist
2 533 (16.85%) Developer
3 363 (11.48%) Data Engineer
4 316 (9.99%) Senior Data Scientist
5 178 (5.63%) Consultant
6 174 (5.50%) Analyst
7 138 (4.36%) Big Data Engineer
8 126 (3.98%) Architect
9 118 (3.73%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 116 (3.67%) .NET Developer
11 104 (3.29%) Python Developer
12 102 (3.22%) Software Engineer
13 88 (2.78%) Data Analyst
14 86 (2.72%) Python Engineer
14 86 (2.72%) Senior Developer
15 75 (2.37%) Data Consultant
16 74 (2.34%) Junior
17 70 (2.21%) Senior Data Engineer
18 69 (2.18%) Machine Learning Engineer
19 67 (2.12%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 323 (10.21%) Natural Language Processing
2 260 (8.22%) .NET
3 253 (8.00%) AngularJS
4 251 (7.94%) Kafka
5 227 (7.18%) HTML
6 201 (6.35%) TensorFlow
7 196 (6.20%) CSS
8 195 (6.17%) Pandas
9 170 (5.37%) NumPy
10 164 (5.18%) RESTful
11 159 (5.03%) HTML5
12 130 (4.11%) jQuery
13 129 (4.08%) scikit-learn
14 125 (3.95%) CSS3
14 125 (3.95%) React
15 121 (3.83%) SciPy
16 116 (3.67%) Web Services
17 110 (3.48%) Node.js
18 108 (3.41%) ASP.NET
19 99 (3.13%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 619 (19.57%) Computer Science
2 601 (19.00%) Algorithms
3 599 (18.94%) Analytical Skills
4 161 (5.09%) Fintech
5 142 (4.49%) Data Structures
6 139 (4.39%) User Experience
7 103 (3.26%) Greenfield Project
8 74 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
9 55 (1.74%) Cloud Native
9 55 (1.74%) Social Media
10 50 (1.58%) Mobile App
11 49 (1.55%) Management Information System
12 44 (1.39%) Life Science
13 42 (1.33%) Virtual Team
14 32 (1.01%) FMCG
14 32 (1.01%) Public Cloud
15 31 (0.98%) Social Network
16 30 (0.95%) Hedge funds
17 26 (0.82%) Credit Risk
17 26 (0.82%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 259 (8.19%) Linux
2 88 (2.78%) Unix
3 57 (1.80%) Windows
4 34 (1.07%) Apple iOS
5 30 (0.95%) Android
6 15 (0.47%) Ubuntu
6 15 (0.47%) Windows Server
7 9 (0.28%) CentOS
8 3 (0.095%) DC/OS
9 2 (0.063%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.063%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.063%) Robot Operating System
9 2 (0.063%) SUSE
10 1 (0.032%) CoreOS
10 1 (0.032%) Debian
10 1 (0.032%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.032%) FreeBSD
10 1 (0.032%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.032%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,497 (47.33%) Machine Learning
2 1,486 (46.98%) Analytics
3 887 (28.04%) Agile Software Development
4 677 (21.40%) Mathematics
5 587 (18.56%) Visualisation
6 585 (18.50%) Artificial Intelligence
7 549 (17.36%) Software Engineering
8 544 (17.20%) Business Intelligence
9 494 (15.62%) Statistics
10 449 (14.20%) Problem-Solving
11 415 (13.12%) Data Analytics
12 392 (12.39%) Data Analysis
13 381 (12.05%) DevOps
14 368 (11.63%) ETL
15 350 (11.07%) Data Visualisation
16 334 (10.56%) Deep Learning
17 309 (9.77%) Data Engineering
18 293 (9.26%) Data Modelling
19 277 (8.76%) Microservices
20 267 (8.44%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 1,833 (57.95%) Python
2 1,226 (38.76%) SQL
3 891 (28.17%) R
4 648 (20.49%) Java
5 429 (13.56%) JavaScript
6 416 (13.15%) Scala
7 366 (11.57%) C++
8 354 (11.19%) C#
9 170 (5.37%) MATLAB
10 158 (5.00%) C
11 73 (2.31%) T-SQL
12 68 (2.15%) Ruby
13 66 (2.09%) Bash Shell
14 54 (1.71%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
14 54 (1.71%) Shell Script
15 44 (1.39%) PHP
16 42 (1.33%) Go
17 31 (0.98%) U-SQL
17 31 (0.98%) VBA
18 23 (0.73%) Perl
Qualifications
1 996 (31.49%) Degree
2 430 (13.59%) PhD
3 155 (4.90%) Computer Science Degree
4 124 (3.92%) Master's Degree
5 91 (2.88%) Numerate Degree
6 80 (2.53%) SAFe Agilist
7 74 (2.34%) Security Cleared
8 32 (1.01%) SC Cleared
9 29 (0.92%) DV Cleared
10 27 (0.85%) Microsoft Certification
11 24 (0.76%) MBA
12 19 (0.60%) CISSP
12 19 (0.60%) PMI Certification
13 15 (0.47%) MPhil
14 10 (0.32%) TOGAF Certification
15 8 (0.25%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 8 (0.25%) PMP
15 8 (0.25%) Postgraduate
16 7 (0.22%) CISM
16 7 (0.22%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 103 (3.26%) QA
2 83 (2.62%) Data Quality
3 36 (1.14%) GDPR
4 19 (0.60%) IFRS
4 19 (0.60%) IFRS 9
4 19 (0.60%) Solvency II
5 16 (0.51%) Dodd-Frank
5 16 (0.51%) FATCA
6 10 (0.32%) Actionable Recommendations
7 8 (0.25%) PMO
8 4 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.13%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.095%) CRD IV
9 3 (0.095%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.063%) COBIT
10 2 (0.063%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (0.063%) MiFID
10 2 (0.063%) NIST 800
10 2 (0.063%) SLA
System Software
1 225 (7.11%) Docker
2 145 (4.58%) HDFS
3 59 (1.87%) Apache Flume
4 19 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
5 14 (0.44%) VirtualBox
6 12 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
7 5 (0.16%) Active Directory
8 3 (0.095%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 3 (0.095%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.063%) KVM
9 2 (0.063%) LXC
9 2 (0.063%) vCloud
9 2 (0.063%) Xen
10 1 (0.032%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 126 (3.98%) Kubernetes
2 74 (2.34%) Ansible
2 74 (2.34%) Hadoop YARN
3 56 (1.77%) Oozie
4 41 (1.30%) Terraform
5 38 (1.20%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (1.14%) Prometheus
7 32 (1.01%) Grafana
8 29 (0.92%) Puppet
9 26 (0.82%) Kibana
10 25 (0.79%) Docker Swarm
11 20 (0.63%) Mesos
12 18 (0.57%) logstash
13 10 (0.32%) ZABBIX
14 8 (0.25%) Xymon
15 7 (0.22%) EMC NetWorker
15 7 (0.22%) Rancher
16 6 (0.19%) Nagios
17 4 (0.13%) Ambari
18 3 (0.095%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 380 (12.01%) Tableau
2 291 (9.20%) Microsoft
3 201 (6.35%) Google
4 122 (3.86%) SAP
5 108 (3.41%) Hortonworks
6 101 (3.19%) Oracle
7 87 (2.75%) Cloudera
8 57 (1.80%) Adobe
9 55 (1.74%) MapR
10 48 (1.52%) Databricks
11 45 (1.42%) Sitecore
12 44 (1.39%) Marketo
13 37 (1.17%) Alias
13 37 (1.17%) Salesforce.com
14 32 (1.01%) IBM
15 26 (0.82%) Informatica
16 25 (0.79%) Cognos
17 24 (0.76%) Talend
18 22 (0.70%) MicroStrategy
19 21 (0.66%) Red Hat