Period
to 22 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 22 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 132 160 231
Rank change year-on-year +28 +71 +86
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,542 3,483 2,630
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.65% 2.15% 1.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.88% 2.34% 1.70%
Number of salaries quoted 2,771 2,710 2,180
England median annual salary £65,000 £63,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.17% +0.80% +4.17%
10th Percentile £37,750 £37,500 £35,000
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,125 £95,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £62,500
% change year-on-year +4.00% - +4.17%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 123,190 148,803 154,607
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.03% 91.87% 91.97%
Number of salaries quoted 97,785 119,844 125,171
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +2.04%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,344 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +3.16%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science in England.

Salary trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science in England over the 6 months to 22 July 2019.

Salary histogram for Data Science in England

Data Science
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the England region over the 6 months to 22 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +32 2,304 £72,500 +3.57% 252
South East -1 394 £55,000 +10.00% 43
South West +89 290 £50,000 -9.09% 32
North of England +5 287 £48,000 -4.00% 47
North West +35 213 £48,000 -4.00% 35
East of England +26 159 £60,000 +14.29% 29
Midlands +63 103 £50,000 +5.26% 14
Yorkshire -17 66 £50,000 - 9
West Midlands +24 52 £55,000 +15.79% 11
East Midlands +62 51 £40,000 -5.88% 3
North East +26 8 £47,500 +7.95% 3
Data Science
UK

For the 6 months to 22 July 2019, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,165 (61.12%) Python
2 1,703 (48.08%) Machine Learning
3 1,393 (39.33%) Analytics
4 1,205 (34.02%) SQL
5 1,171 (33.06%) Agile Software Development
6 1,028 (29.02%) Big Data
7 892 (25.18%) R
8 819 (23.12%) Artificial Intelligence
9 753 (21.26%) Amazon AWS
9 753 (21.26%) Mathematics
10 733 (20.69%) Java
11 730 (20.61%) Apache Spark
12 727 (20.53%) Hadoop
13 722 (20.38%) Degree
14 705 (19.90%) Analytical Skills
15 655 (18.49%) Algorithms
16 648 (18.29%) Finance
17 644 (18.18%) Software Engineering
18 575 (16.23%) Computer Science
19 573 (16.18%) Visualisation
20 552 (15.58%) Microsoft Azure
21 536 (15.13%) Business Intelligence
22 523 (14.77%) Data Analysis
23 504 (14.23%) Scala
24 431 (12.17%) Statistics
25 385 (10.87%) Data Warehouse
26 384 (10.84%) PhD
27 375 (10.59%) Data Analytics
28 369 (10.42%) Google Cloud Platform
29 362 (10.22%) DevOps

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 730 (20.61%) Apache Spark
2 166 (4.69%) Elasticsearch
3 149 (4.21%) SAS
4 142 (4.01%) Apache
5 111 (3.13%) Apache Pig
6 59 (1.67%) Jupyter
7 39 (1.10%) Apache Solr
8 33 (0.93%) Apache Airflow
9 21 (0.59%) Hyperledger
10 15 (0.42%) Confluence
10 15 (0.42%) Tornado
11 14 (0.40%) SharePoint
12 10 (0.28%) Luigi
13 9 (0.25%) ArcGIS
13 9 (0.25%) IPython
14 7 (0.20%) nginx
15 6 (0.17%) GeoServer
16 5 (0.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 3 (0.085%) R Markdown
17 3 (0.085%) Tomcat
Applications
1 80 (2.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 36 (1.02%) SPSS
3 25 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
4 17 (0.48%) Sketch
5 15 (0.42%) InVision
5 15 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 14 (0.40%) GNU Octave
7 13 (0.37%) Chatbot
8 11 (0.31%) Stata
9 6 (0.17%) MS Visio
10 5 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.14%) Gephi
10 5 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
11 4 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.085%) OmniGraffle
12 3 (0.085%) Photoshop
12 3 (0.085%) Weka
13 2 (0.056%) Microsoft Project
13 2 (0.056%) S-PLUS
14 1 (0.028%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 16 (0.45%) Summit
2 8 (0.23%) SAP BPC
3 7 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 6 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
5 3 (0.085%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 3 (0.085%) SAP S/4HANA
6 2 (0.056%) Actimize
6 2 (0.056%) Markit EDM
6 2 (0.056%) PolarLake
6 2 (0.056%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.028%) Cognos TM1
7 1 (0.028%) FastStats
7 1 (0.028%) HFM
7 1 (0.028%) Hyperion Planning
7 1 (0.028%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.028%) SAP GTS
7 1 (0.028%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 753 (21.26%) Amazon AWS
2 552 (15.58%) Microsoft Azure
3 369 (10.42%) Google Cloud Platform
4 176 (4.97%) Power Platform
5 148 (4.18%) Serverless
6 111 (3.13%) AWS Lambda
7 92 (2.60%) SaaS
8 87 (2.46%) Amazon S3
9 81 (2.29%) Cloud Computing
10 69 (1.95%) PaaS
11 60 (1.69%) Amazon Kinesis
12 50 (1.41%) Azure Machine Learning
13 48 (1.36%) AWS CloudFormation
13 48 (1.36%) Azure Data Factory
14 45 (1.27%) Amazon EMR
15 40 (1.13%) Amazon ECS
16 37 (1.04%) AWS Fargate
17 35 (0.99%) Amazon SQS
18 31 (0.88%) IaaS
19 27 (0.76%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 50 (1.41%) Broadband
2 37 (1.04%) Internet
3 31 (0.88%) HTTP
4 21 (0.59%) Wireless
5 20 (0.56%) DNS
6 19 (0.54%) Firewall
7 13 (0.37%) VPN
8 12 (0.34%) VLAN
9 8 (0.23%) SSL
10 6 (0.17%) Ethernet
11 5 (0.14%) MPLS
12 3 (0.085%) IPsec
12 3 (0.085%) Network Security
12 3 (0.085%) Reverse Proxy
12 3 (0.085%) TCP/IP
12 3 (0.085%) WAN
13 2 (0.056%) SAN
13 2 (0.056%) SMS
14 1 (0.028%) Cisco IPT
14 1 (0.028%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,028 (29.02%) Big Data
2 727 (20.53%) Hadoop
3 385 (10.87%) Data Warehouse
4 299 (8.44%) NoSQL
5 246 (6.95%) Apache Hive
6 202 (5.70%) SQL Server
7 200 (5.65%) Apache Cassandra
8 175 (4.94%) Power BI
9 163 (4.60%) Data Mining
10 159 (4.49%) MongoDB
11 157 (4.43%) Data Lake
12 149 (4.21%) PostgreSQL
13 141 (3.98%) Amazon Redshift
14 131 (3.70%) Impala
15 125 (3.53%) Relational Database
16 119 (3.36%) HBase
17 113 (3.19%) MySQL
18 106 (2.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 87 (2.46%) BigQuery
20 79 (2.23%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 275 (7.76%) Git (software)
2 174 (4.91%) Jenkins
3 83 (2.34%) JIRA
4 52 (1.47%) Bitbucket
5 50 (1.41%) Maven
6 37 (1.04%) GitLab
7 34 (0.96%) Visual Studio
8 30 (0.85%) Subversion
9 26 (0.73%) Gradle
10 25 (0.71%) Team Foundation Server
10 25 (0.71%) Travis CI
11 24 (0.68%) Artifactory
12 21 (0.59%) Selenium
13 18 (0.51%) Ant
13 18 (0.51%) webpack
14 16 (0.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 13 (0.37%) Bitbucket Server
15 13 (0.37%) git-flow
16 12 (0.34%) PostCSS
16 12 (0.34%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 648 (18.29%) Finance
2 329 (9.29%) Marketing
3 293 (8.27%) Banking
4 254 (7.17%) Retail
5 116 (3.27%) Law
6 103 (2.91%) Telecoms
7 69 (1.95%) Games
8 66 (1.86%) Manufacturing
9 64 (1.81%) Pharmaceutical
10 48 (1.36%) Electronics
11 30 (0.85%) Advertising
11 30 (0.85%) Investment Banking
12 28 (0.79%) Financial Institution
13 25 (0.71%) Front Office
14 24 (0.68%) Billing
15 23 (0.65%) Automotive
16 16 (0.45%) Military
17 14 (0.40%) Spanish Language
18 10 (0.28%) Aerospace
18 10 (0.28%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 991 (27.98%) Data Scientist
2 533 (15.05%) Developer
3 473 (13.35%) Data Engineer
4 287 (8.10%) Senior Data Scientist
5 226 (6.38%) Analyst
5 226 (6.38%) Architect
6 215 (6.07%) Software Engineer
7 169 (4.77%) Consultant
7 169 (4.77%) Python Engineer
8 130 (3.67%) Data Architect
9 119 (3.36%) Senior Developer
10 117 (3.30%) Python Developer
11 105 (2.96%) Senior Data Engineer
12 102 (2.88%) Data Analyst
13 99 (2.80%) AWS Engineer
14 97 (2.74%) Junior
15 94 (2.65%) Big Data Engineer
16 92 (2.60%) Data Manager
17 84 (2.37%) DevOps Engineer
18 83 (2.34%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 333 (9.40%) Natural Language Processing
2 325 (9.18%) Kafka
3 283 (7.99%) scikit-learn
4 274 (7.74%) Pandas
5 207 (5.84%) TensorFlow
6 188 (5.31%) NumPy
7 164 (4.63%) Web Services
8 151 (4.26%) React
9 142 (4.01%) .NET
10 118 (3.33%) AngularJS
11 117 (3.30%) HTML
12 107 (3.02%) Node.js
13 101 (2.85%) CSS
14 100 (2.82%) Flask
15 97 (2.74%) RESTful
16 89 (2.51%) SciPy
17 87 (2.46%) Keras
18 86 (2.43%) PySpark
19 65 (1.84%) Elastic Stack
20 61 (1.72%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 705 (19.90%) Analytical Skills
2 655 (18.49%) Algorithms
3 175 (4.94%) User Experience
4 109 (3.08%) Data Structures
5 96 (2.71%) Management Information System
6 90 (2.54%) Greenfield Project
7 69 (1.95%) Social Media
8 67 (1.89%) Robotics
9 63 (1.78%) Public Cloud
10 37 (1.04%) Virtual Team
11 36 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
12 34 (0.96%) Blog
12 34 (0.96%) Data Protection Act
13 28 (0.79%) Private Cloud
14 27 (0.76%) Cloud Native
14 27 (0.76%) Hedge funds
15 26 (0.73%) Analytical Mindset
15 26 (0.73%) Data Centre
15 26 (0.73%) Life Science
16 22 (0.62%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 267 (7.54%) Linux
2 115 (3.25%) Unix
3 61 (1.72%) Windows
4 44 (1.24%) Apple iOS
5 41 (1.16%) Android
6 16 (0.45%) Mac OS X
6 16 (0.45%) Ubuntu
6 16 (0.45%) Windows Server
7 13 (0.37%) CentOS
7 13 (0.37%) Windows 10
8 4 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.085%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.056%) Embedded Linux
10 2 (0.056%) FreeBSD
10 2 (0.056%) HPUX
11 1 (0.028%) Debian
11 1 (0.028%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,703 (48.08%) Machine Learning
2 1,393 (39.33%) Analytics
3 1,171 (33.06%) Agile Software Development
4 819 (23.12%) Artificial Intelligence
5 753 (21.26%) Mathematics
6 644 (18.18%) Software Engineering
7 575 (16.23%) Computer Science
8 573 (16.18%) Visualisation
9 536 (15.13%) Business Intelligence
10 523 (14.77%) Data Analysis
11 431 (12.17%) Statistics
12 375 (10.59%) Data Analytics
13 362 (10.22%) DevOps
14 349 (9.85%) Problem-Solving
15 347 (9.80%) ETL
16 336 (9.49%) Data Modelling
17 333 (9.40%) Deep Learning
18 315 (8.89%) Data Engineering
19 310 (8.75%) Scrum
20 308 (8.70%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,165 (61.12%) Python
2 1,205 (34.02%) SQL
3 892 (25.18%) R
4 733 (20.69%) Java
5 504 (14.23%) Scala
6 325 (9.18%) C#
7 302 (8.53%) JavaScript
8 252 (7.11%) C++
9 234 (6.61%) C
10 194 (5.48%) MATLAB
11 115 (3.25%) Bash Shell
12 76 (2.15%) PHP
13 73 (2.06%) Go
14 61 (1.72%) T-SQL
15 59 (1.67%) TypeScript
16 47 (1.33%) Shell Script
17 46 (1.30%) Perl
18 45 (1.27%) Ruby
19 39 (1.10%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
20 33 (0.93%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 722 (20.38%) Degree
2 384 (10.84%) PhD
3 151 (4.26%) Security Cleared
4 87 (2.46%) Master's Degree
5 83 (2.34%) SC Cleared
6 72 (2.03%) Numerate Degree
7 67 (1.89%) DV Cleared
8 58 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
9 27 (0.76%) AWS Certification
10 23 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
11 12 (0.34%) MCSA
11 12 (0.34%) RHCA
12 10 (0.28%) PMI Certification
13 9 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
13 9 (0.25%) Postgraduate
14 7 (0.20%) CEH
14 7 (0.20%) CISSP
14 7 (0.20%) MBA
15 6 (0.17%) CCNP
15 6 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (3.67%) Data Quality
2 81 (2.29%) QA
3 23 (0.65%) GDPR
4 15 (0.42%) SLA
5 10 (0.28%) Actionable Recommendations
6 9 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 7 (0.20%) PMO
8 4 (0.11%) NIST
9 3 (0.085%) ISAE 3402
10 2 (0.056%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.056%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.056%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.056%) Solvency II
11 1 (0.028%) EMIR
11 1 (0.028%) FATCA
11 1 (0.028%) IFRS
11 1 (0.028%) MiFID
System Software
1 333 (9.40%) Docker
2 66 (1.86%) HDFS
3 61 (1.72%) Apache Flume
4 28 (0.79%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 14 (0.40%) Active Directory
6 12 (0.34%) pfSense
6 12 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
7 10 (0.28%) VirtualBox
8 7 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
10 3 (0.085%) etcd
11 1 (0.028%) Firmware
11 1 (0.028%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.028%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 215 (6.07%) Kubernetes
2 142 (4.01%) Ansible
3 113 (3.19%) Terraform
4 94 (2.65%) Oozie
5 79 (2.23%) Hadoop YARN
6 54 (1.52%) Puppet
7 50 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
8 24 (0.68%) Docker Swarm
9 18 (0.51%) Nagios
10 13 (0.37%) Kibana
10 13 (0.37%) Microsoft Intune
10 13 (0.37%) SQL Sentry
11 12 (0.34%) Consul
12 7 (0.20%) Prometheus
13 5 (0.14%) Mesos
14 4 (0.11%) Packer
15 2 (0.056%) logstash
15 2 (0.056%) Rundeck
15 2 (0.056%) Salt
15 2 (0.056%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 271 (7.65%) Tableau
2 262 (7.40%) Microsoft
3 261 (7.37%) Google
4 117 (3.30%) Oracle
5 105 (2.96%) Cloudera
6 94 (2.65%) Databricks
7 74 (2.09%) Informatica
8 73 (2.06%) SAP
9 58 (1.64%) Hortonworks
10 56 (1.58%) Splunk
11 49 (1.38%) MapR
12 40 (1.13%) Talend
13 39 (1.10%) Adobe
14 36 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
15 30 (0.85%) WorldPay
16 29 (0.82%) Alteryx
17 26 (0.73%) Teradata
18 21 (0.59%) Dataiku
19 20 (0.56%) MicroStrategy
20 18 (0.51%) Red Hat