Period
to 20 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK > England
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 85 135 128
Rank change year-on-year +50 -7 +47
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 4,046 1,142 3,493
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 3.79% 2.53% 2.68%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.03% 2.71% 2.89%
Number of salaries quoted 2,063 945 2,704
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,750 £37,500
25th Percentile £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £62,750 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.55% -3.46% -
75th Percentile £88,750 £82,500 £83,750
90th Percentile £102,500 £95,000 £96,250
UK median annual salary £70,000 £60,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +16.67% -7.69% +1.56%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 100,397 42,196 120,949
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 94.16% 93.34% 92.64%
Number of salaries quoted 67,888 35,100 97,007
10th Percentile £32,996 £33,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £57,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +0.88% +8.57% +3.70%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £87,500
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Science as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Science in England.

Salary trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Science in England over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Science in England

Data Science
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the England region over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +30 2,672 £75,000 +7.14% 233
South East +54 447 £60,000 +9.09% 46
South West +37 280 £50,000 -9.09% 22
North of England -21 237 £52,500 +18.32% 45
East of England +34 220 £57,500 -4.17% 25
North West -12 155 £56,250 +21.62% 28
Midlands -68 125 £60,000 +9.09% 20
West Midlands -77 79 £62,500 +13.64% 14
Yorkshire -64 60 £48,750 -2.01% 14
East Midlands -52 46 £37,500 -15.49% 6
North East -39 22 £57,000 +75.38% 3
Data Science
UK

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,505 (61.91%) Python
2 1,733 (42.83%) Analytics
3 1,683 (41.60%) Machine Learning
4 1,557 (38.48%) SQL
5 1,460 (36.09%) AWS
6 1,422 (35.15%) Agile Software Development
7 1,340 (33.12%) Artificial Intelligence
8 950 (23.48%) Software Engineering
9 902 (22.29%) Social Skills
10 880 (21.75%) Finance
11 830 (20.51%) Azure
12 772 (19.08%) GCP
13 766 (18.93%) Degree
14 755 (18.66%) Docker
15 716 (17.70%) Big Data
15 716 (17.70%) DevOps
16 704 (17.40%) Java
17 702 (17.35%) Visualisation
18 693 (17.13%) Business Intelligence
19 654 (16.16%) Kubernetes
19 654 (16.16%) Data Engineering
20 612 (15.13%) Computer Science
21 610 (15.08%) Analytical Skills
22 589 (14.56%) JavaScript
23 582 (14.38%) Problem-Solving
24 581 (14.36%) Algorithms
25 557 (13.77%) React
26 539 (13.32%) Apache Spark
27 530 (13.10%) Microservices
28 522 (12.90%) ETL

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 539 (13.32%) Apache Spark
2 206 (5.09%) Apache Airflow
3 198 (4.89%) Elasticsearch
4 167 (4.13%) Apache
5 158 (3.91%) Confluence
6 145 (3.58%) SAS
7 86 (2.13%) Jupyter
8 41 (1.01%) CMS
9 22 (0.54%) Luigi
10 21 (0.52%) SharePoint
11 20 (0.49%) Apache Solr
11 20 (0.49%) nginx
12 16 (0.40%) Tomcat
13 15 (0.37%) Gunicorn
14 10 (0.25%) Tornado
15 6 (0.15%) OpenStack
16 5 (0.12%) Traefik
17 4 (0.099%) Headless CMS
17 4 (0.099%) SharePoint 2010
17 4 (0.099%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 96 (2.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 44 (1.09%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 38 (0.94%) Microsoft Office
4 28 (0.69%) Campfire
5 20 (0.49%) Sketch
6 16 (0.40%) Chatbot
6 16 (0.40%) Figma
6 16 (0.40%) Photoshop
7 15 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
8 11 (0.27%) InVision
8 11 (0.27%) Stata
9 10 (0.25%) Adobe Illustrator
10 9 (0.22%) SPSS
11 5 (0.12%) Fireworks
11 5 (0.12%) Marvel
11 5 (0.12%) MS Visio
11 5 (0.12%) UserZoom
12 4 (0.099%) GIMP
12 4 (0.099%) InfoPath
12 4 (0.099%) Inkscape
Business Applications
1 15 (0.37%) IBM Planning Analytics
1 15 (0.37%) Oracle ERP
2 7 (0.17%) Oracle Clinical
3 6 (0.15%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
3 6 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
3 6 (0.15%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 5 (0.12%) Magento
4 5 (0.12%) Summit
5 4 (0.099%) Oracle BRM
5 4 (0.099%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.074%) Oracle 11i
6 3 (0.074%) Oracle Applications
6 3 (0.074%) SAP MDG
7 2 (0.049%) HFM
7 2 (0.049%) Hyperion Planning
7 2 (0.049%) Sprinklr
8 1 (0.025%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 1 (0.025%) SAP BPC
8 1 (0.025%) SAP GRC
8 1 (0.025%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,460 (36.09%) AWS
2 830 (20.51%) Azure
3 772 (19.08%) GCP
4 415 (10.26%) Power Platform
5 409 (10.11%) Serverless
6 234 (5.78%) AWS Lambda
7 182 (4.50%) Amazon EC2
8 167 (4.13%) Snowflake
9 143 (3.53%) Amazon S3
10 135 (3.34%) Amazon ECS
11 118 (2.92%) SaaS
12 108 (2.67%) GitHub
13 107 (2.64%) Amazon EMR
14 92 (2.27%) Amazon SQS
15 91 (2.25%) Cloud Computing
16 83 (2.05%) AWS CloudFormation
17 80 (1.98%) IBM Cloud
18 79 (1.95%) Amazon Kinesis
19 66 (1.63%) Amazon SageMaker
20 59 (1.46%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 62 (1.53%) Broadband
2 61 (1.51%) Firewall
3 58 (1.43%) Internet
4 56 (1.38%) VPN
5 51 (1.26%) HTTP
6 43 (1.06%) IPv4
7 34 (0.84%) OSPF
7 34 (0.84%) VLAN
8 15 (0.37%) MQTT
9 11 (0.27%) FTP
9 11 (0.27%) SSH
10 10 (0.25%) DNS
10 10 (0.25%) TCP/IP
11 8 (0.20%) IPsec
12 5 (0.12%) Wireless
13 4 (0.099%) Network Security
14 3 (0.074%) 5G
14 3 (0.074%) DSL
14 3 (0.074%) LAN
14 3 (0.074%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 716 (17.70%) Big Data
2 419 (10.36%) Data Warehouse
3 411 (10.16%) Power BI
4 380 (9.39%) Tableau
5 379 (9.37%) PostgreSQL
6 365 (9.02%) NoSQL
7 338 (8.35%) Hadoop
8 231 (5.71%) Relational Database
9 219 (5.41%) Data Lake
10 195 (4.82%) Amazon Redshift
11 182 (4.50%) MySQL
12 179 (4.42%) BigQuery
13 175 (4.33%) Data Mining
14 169 (4.18%) Amazon Athena
15 143 (3.53%) SQL Server
16 131 (3.24%) MongoDB
17 125 (3.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 125 (3.09%) Electronic Patient Records
18 120 (2.97%) Redis
19 118 (2.92%) Looker
Development Applications
1 468 (11.57%) Git (software)
2 304 (7.51%) Jenkins
3 276 (6.82%) JIRA
4 87 (2.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 79 (1.95%) GitLab
6 73 (1.80%) Vagrant
7 66 (1.63%) webpack
8 55 (1.36%) Octopus Deploy
9 37 (0.91%) Cypress.io
10 34 (0.84%) Subversion
11 29 (0.72%) Selenium
12 28 (0.69%) Oracle APEX
13 25 (0.62%) Babel
13 25 (0.62%) gulp
14 22 (0.54%) ESLint
14 22 (0.54%) Gradle
15 20 (0.49%) JMeter
16 19 (0.47%) Hudson
16 19 (0.47%) TestRail
17 18 (0.44%) SoapUI
General
1 902 (22.29%) Social Skills
2 880 (21.75%) Finance
3 610 (15.08%) Analytical Skills
4 292 (7.22%) Marketing
5 274 (6.77%) Banking
6 261 (6.45%) Retail
7 189 (4.67%) Pharmaceutical
8 177 (4.37%) Games
9 154 (3.81%) Law
10 144 (3.56%) Presentation Skills
11 139 (3.44%) Legal
12 121 (2.99%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 95 (2.35%) Manufacturing
14 92 (2.27%) Telecoms
15 86 (2.13%) Public Sector
16 56 (1.38%) Organisational Skills
17 55 (1.36%) Influencing Skills
17 55 (1.36%) Publishing
18 48 (1.19%) Advertising
19 40 (0.99%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 723 (17.87%) Developer
2 581 (14.36%) Data Engineer
3 562 (13.89%) Data Scientist
4 411 (10.16%) Software Engineer
5 251 (6.20%) Analyst
6 228 (5.64%) Architect
7 201 (4.97%) Python Developer
8 184 (4.55%) AWS Engineer
9 171 (4.23%) Python Engineer
10 157 (3.88%) Machine Learning Engineer
11 154 (3.81%) Full Stack Developer
12 145 (3.58%) Senior Data Scientist
13 144 (3.56%) Data Analyst
14 129 (3.19%) Senior Software Engineer
15 128 (3.16%) Data Architect
16 101 (2.50%) AWS Software Engineer
17 100 (2.47%) Product Manager
17 100 (2.47%) Senior Developer
18 98 (2.42%) Senior Data Engineer
19 95 (2.35%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 557 (13.77%) React
2 421 (10.41%) Kafka
3 376 (9.29%) Node.js
4 322 (7.96%) REST
5 308 (7.61%) Web Services
6 246 (6.08%) TensorFlow
7 245 (6.06%) AngularJS
8 227 (5.61%) Pandas
9 223 (5.51%) HTML
10 213 (5.26%) CSS
11 208 (5.14%) Django
12 198 (4.89%) NumPy
13 179 (4.42%) scikit-learn
14 165 (4.08%) Redux
15 153 (3.78%) gRPC
16 147 (3.63%) GraphQL
17 139 (3.44%) RESTful
18 134 (3.31%) PyTorch
19 131 (3.24%) Flask
20 128 (3.16%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 581 (14.36%) Algorithms
2 392 (9.69%) User Experience
3 308 (7.61%) Life Science
4 204 (5.04%) Data Structures
5 156 (3.86%) Hedge funds
6 114 (2.82%) Self-Motivation
7 105 (2.60%) Management Information System
8 100 (2.47%) Social Media
9 96 (2.37%) Pricing Data
10 95 (2.35%) Public Cloud
11 75 (1.85%) Greenfield Project
12 74 (1.83%) Cyberattack
13 67 (1.66%) Cloud Native
14 55 (1.36%) Virtual Team
15 48 (1.19%) Mobile App
16 46 (1.14%) Blog
17 45 (1.11%) CUDA
18 41 (1.01%) Legacy Systems
18 41 (1.01%) Reference Data
19 40 (0.99%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 346 (8.55%) Linux
2 142 (3.51%) Unix
3 92 (2.27%) Windows
4 56 (1.38%) CentOS
5 49 (1.21%) Apple iOS
6 42 (1.04%) Android
7 36 (0.89%) Windows Server
8 34 (0.84%) Ubuntu
9 33 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 24 (0.59%) Mac OS
11 23 (0.57%) Windows Server 2016
12 4 (0.099%) DC/OS
12 4 (0.099%) watchOS
13 3 (0.074%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,733 (42.83%) Analytics
2 1,683 (41.60%) Machine Learning
3 1,422 (35.15%) Agile Software Development
4 1,340 (33.12%) Artificial Intelligence
5 950 (23.48%) Software Engineering
6 716 (17.70%) DevOps
7 702 (17.35%) Visualisation
8 693 (17.13%) Business Intelligence
9 654 (16.16%) Data Engineering
10 612 (15.13%) Computer Science
11 582 (14.38%) Problem-Solving
12 530 (13.10%) Microservices
13 522 (12.90%) ETL
14 515 (12.73%) Mathematics
15 497 (12.28%) Data Pipeline
16 471 (11.64%) Data Modelling
17 455 (11.25%) Statistics
18 434 (10.73%) Scrum
19 415 (10.26%) Full Stack Development
20 412 (10.18%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,505 (61.91%) Python
2 1,557 (38.48%) SQL
3 704 (17.40%) Java
4 589 (14.56%) JavaScript
5 485 (11.99%) R
6 383 (9.47%) TypeScript
7 256 (6.33%) Scala
8 205 (5.07%) C++
9 188 (4.65%) Bash Shell
10 179 (4.42%) C#
11 168 (4.15%) Go
12 127 (3.14%) C
13 118 (2.92%) PowerShell
14 71 (1.75%) MATLAB
15 50 (1.24%) T-SQL
16 49 (1.21%) Kotlin
17 48 (1.19%) SAS Macro
18 46 (1.14%) Shell Script
19 45 (1.11%) ES6
20 40 (0.99%) PHP
Qualifications
1 766 (18.93%) Degree
2 233 (5.76%) PhD
3 183 (4.52%) Computer Science Degree
4 113 (2.79%) Security Cleared
5 101 (2.50%) Master's Degree
6 91 (2.25%) Numerate Degree
7 66 (1.63%) SC Cleared
8 32 (0.79%) AWS Certification
9 29 (0.72%) DV Cleared
10 16 (0.40%) Oracle Certification
11 15 (0.37%) GIAC
11 15 (0.37%) RHCE
12 11 (0.27%) Postgraduate
12 11 (0.27%) Tableau Certification
13 7 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
14 6 (0.15%) PMP
15 5 (0.12%) CISSP
15 5 (0.12%) MCSE
15 5 (0.12%) RHCSA
16 4 (0.099%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 291 (7.19%) QA
2 233 (5.76%) Data Quality
3 158 (3.91%) GDPR
4 53 (1.31%) Accessibility
5 42 (1.04%) Good Clinical Practice
6 33 (0.82%) CDISC
7 24 (0.59%) GxP
7 24 (0.59%) WCAG
8 18 (0.44%) SLA
9 16 (0.40%) GRC
10 14 (0.35%) Actionable Recommendations
11 13 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 11 (0.27%) WAI
13 9 (0.22%) HIPAA
14 5 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
15 2 (0.049%) NIST
16 1 (0.025%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 1 (0.025%) IEC 62304
16 1 (0.025%) IFRS
16 1 (0.025%) PMO
System Software
1 755 (18.66%) Docker
2 54 (1.33%) VirtualBox
3 48 (1.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 33 (0.82%) VMware ESXi
5 28 (0.69%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 18 (0.44%) Firmware
7 11 (0.27%) etcd
8 8 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
9 7 (0.17%) HDFS
10 5 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
11 3 (0.074%) Active Directory
11 3 (0.074%) NFS
11 3 (0.074%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 654 (16.16%) Kubernetes
2 368 (9.10%) Terraform
3 303 (7.49%) Ansible
4 125 (3.09%) Puppet
5 84 (2.08%) Grafana
6 79 (1.95%) Opscode Chef
7 73 (1.80%) Docker Swarm
8 66 (1.63%) Prometheus
9 36 (0.89%) Consul
10 33 (0.82%) Kubeflow
10 33 (0.82%) ZABBIX
11 22 (0.54%) Kibana
12 20 (0.49%) Salt
13 19 (0.47%) Packer
14 18 (0.44%) Graphite
14 18 (0.44%) Nagios
14 18 (0.44%) Opsview
15 15 (0.37%) HAProxy
15 15 (0.37%) logstash
15 15 (0.37%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 444 (10.97%) Google
2 251 (6.20%) Microsoft
3 169 (4.18%) Oracle
4 145 (3.58%) Databricks
5 105 (2.60%) IBM
6 89 (2.20%) SAP
7 86 (2.13%) Talend
8 75 (1.85%) Cloudera
9 63 (1.56%) Informatica
10 60 (1.48%) Hortonworks
11 56 (1.38%) Red Hat
12 54 (1.33%) Facebook
13 50 (1.24%) Instagram
14 49 (1.21%) VMware
15 45 (1.11%) YouTube
16 40 (0.99%) Alteryx
17 34 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
18 27 (0.67%) Yahoo!
19 26 (0.64%) Adobe
20 25 (0.62%) Samsung