Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK > England
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 153 206 301
Rank change year-on-year +53 +95 +112
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,284 2,938 1,934
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.22% 1.75% 1.10%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.42% 1.90% 1.21%
Number of salaries quoted 2,488 2,444 1,681
England median annual salary £65,000 £62,000 £58,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.84% +6.90% -3.33%
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £95,000 £92,500
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% -4.17%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 135,846 154,431 160,445
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.64% 91.92% 91.26%
Number of salaries quoted 108,599 123,606 134,296
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,500 £28,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science in England.

Salary trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science in England over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Data Science in England

Data Science
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the England region over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +28 2,070 £72,500 +7.41% 251
South East +160 504 £50,000 - 62
South West +69 221 £55,000 - 20
North of England +12 216 £50,000 -4.76% 34
North West +14 143 £52,500 +5.00% 14
East of England -31 139 £55,000 +22.22% 31
Midlands +12 104 £41,913 -1.38% 13
East Midlands +33 59 £42,500 - 4
Yorkshire +10 59 £47,000 -14.55% 15
West Midlands -14 45 £41,913 +4.78% 9
North East +8 14 £40,000 +77.78% 5
Data Science
UK

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Science.

1 1,882 (57.31%) Python
2 1,546 (47.08%) Analytics
3 1,491 (45.40%) Machine Learning
4 1,186 (36.11%) SQL
5 999 (30.42%) Big Data
6 996 (30.33%) Degree
7 931 (28.35%) Agile Software Development
8 928 (28.26%) R
9 715 (21.77%) Mathematics
10 710 (21.62%) Finance
10 710 (21.62%) Apache Spark
11 708 (21.56%) Hadoop
12 677 (20.62%) Artificial Intelligence
13 660 (20.10%) Java
14 652 (19.85%) Visualisation
15 645 (19.64%) Amazon AWS
16 627 (19.09%) Algorithms
17 581 (17.69%) Computer Science
18 568 (17.30%) Analytical Skills
19 563 (17.14%) Business Intelligence
20 554 (16.87%) Microsoft Azure
21 538 (16.38%) Software Engineering
22 494 (15.04%) Statistics
23 437 (13.31%) Scala
24 435 (13.25%) NoSQL
24 435 (13.25%) JavaScript
25 421 (12.82%) Data Analysis
26 410 (12.48%) Data Visualisation
27 409 (12.45%) Tableau
28 406 (12.36%) Problem-Solving

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 710 (21.62%) Apache Spark
2 247 (7.52%) SAS
3 199 (6.06%) Apache
4 127 (3.87%) Elasticsearch
5 109 (3.32%) Apache Pig
6 66 (2.01%) CMS
7 61 (1.86%) EPiServer
8 33 (1.00%) Apache Solr
9 31 (0.94%) Sitecore CMS
10 28 (0.85%) Apache Airflow
11 24 (0.73%) SharePoint
12 17 (0.52%) Tomcat
13 16 (0.49%) Jupyter
14 15 (0.46%) Confluence
14 15 (0.46%) GlassFish
14 15 (0.46%) OpenStack
15 13 (0.40%) Luigi
16 11 (0.33%) Marvel
17 7 (0.21%) Ethereum
18 6 (0.18%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 66 (2.01%) SPSS
2 54 (1.64%) Microsoft Excel
3 41 (1.25%) GNU Octave
4 30 (0.91%) Chatbot
5 12 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
5 12 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (0.37%) Photoshop
6 11 (0.33%) Adobe After Effects
6 11 (0.33%) Adobe Illustrator
6 11 (0.33%) InVision
6 11 (0.33%) Stata
7 9 (0.27%) Flinto
8 8 (0.24%) MS Visio
9 7 (0.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 2 (0.061%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.030%) CPLEX
11 1 (0.030%) GIMP
11 1 (0.030%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.030%) Weka
Business Applications
1 31 (0.94%) Eloqua
2 12 (0.37%) SAP S/4HANA
3 9 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
4 8 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
5 4 (0.12%) Maximo
6 2 (0.061%) FastStats
6 2 (0.061%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.061%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.061%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.030%) CaseMap
7 1 (0.030%) Concordance
7 1 (0.030%) Markit EDM
7 1 (0.030%) Odoo
7 1 (0.030%) Relativity
7 1 (0.030%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.030%) Unica
7 1 (0.030%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 645 (19.64%) Amazon AWS
2 554 (16.87%) Microsoft Azure
3 226 (6.88%) Google Cloud Platform
4 80 (2.44%) SaaS
5 73 (2.22%) Cloud Computing
6 72 (2.19%) PaaS
7 64 (1.95%) npm
8 57 (1.74%) Azure Data Factory
9 51 (1.55%) Google Analytics
9 51 (1.55%) Serverless
10 40 (1.22%) GitHub
11 38 (1.16%) Amazon Kinesis
12 30 (0.91%) Amazon EMR
12 30 (0.91%) Amazon S3
12 30 (0.91%) AWS Lambda
12 30 (0.91%) Data Lake Analytics
13 28 (0.85%) Adobe Analytics
13 28 (0.85%) Amazon SageMaker
14 25 (0.76%) IaaS
15 24 (0.73%) Azure Machine Learning
Communications & Networking
1 24 (0.73%) HTTP
1 24 (0.73%) Internet
2 13 (0.40%) Intranet
3 11 (0.33%) Broadband
4 10 (0.30%) Bluetooth
4 10 (0.30%) Network Security
4 10 (0.30%) NFC
5 7 (0.21%) Firewall
6 6 (0.18%) PPP
6 6 (0.18%) SMS
7 5 (0.15%) Skype
8 4 (0.12%) DNS
9 3 (0.091%) VPN
9 3 (0.091%) WAN
10 2 (0.061%) DHCP
10 2 (0.061%) Hyperconnected
10 2 (0.061%) LAN
10 2 (0.061%) Wireless
11 1 (0.030%) Asterisk PBX
11 1 (0.030%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 999 (30.42%) Big Data
2 708 (21.56%) Hadoop
3 435 (13.25%) NoSQL
4 345 (10.51%) Apache Hive
5 312 (9.50%) Data Warehouse
6 278 (8.47%) Power BI
7 241 (7.34%) SQL Server
8 225 (6.85%) MongoDB
9 199 (6.06%) Data Mining
10 198 (6.03%) Apache Cassandra
11 174 (5.30%) Relational Database
12 171 (5.21%) PostgreSQL
13 131 (3.99%) HBase
14 129 (3.93%) Amazon Redshift
14 129 (3.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 114 (3.47%) Data Lake
16 112 (3.41%) Impala
17 109 (3.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 105 (3.20%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 97 (2.95%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 338 (10.29%) Git (software)
2 137 (4.17%) Visual Studio
3 124 (3.78%) Jenkins
4 111 (3.38%) Selenium
5 73 (2.22%) TeamCity
6 70 (2.13%) Octopus Deploy
7 66 (2.01%) Team Foundation Server
8 64 (1.95%) Karma Test Runner
9 63 (1.92%) gulp
10 62 (1.89%) Protractor
11 61 (1.86%) Bower
11 61 (1.86%) Mocha
11 61 (1.86%) Sinon.JS
12 58 (1.77%) Subversion
13 48 (1.46%) JIRA
14 33 (1.00%) webpack
15 32 (0.97%) Maven
16 28 (0.85%) JMeter
16 28 (0.85%) JUnit
17 26 (0.79%) SoapUI
General
1 710 (21.62%) Finance
2 265 (8.07%) Marketing
3 264 (8.04%) Retail
4 226 (6.88%) Banking
5 163 (4.96%) Telecoms
6 108 (3.29%) Advertising
7 84 (2.56%) Law
8 79 (2.41%) Pharmaceutical
9 68 (2.07%) Games
10 63 (1.92%) Investment Banking
11 52 (1.58%) Manufacturing
12 31 (0.94%) Electronics
13 29 (0.88%) Military
14 28 (0.85%) Front Office
15 27 (0.82%) Financial Institution
16 22 (0.67%) Automotive
17 20 (0.61%) Publishing
18 19 (0.58%) Legal
19 12 (0.37%) Corporate Banking
20 9 (0.27%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 940 (28.62%) Data Scientist
2 518 (15.77%) Developer
3 426 (12.97%) Data Engineer
4 328 (9.99%) Senior Data Scientist
5 195 (5.94%) Analyst
6 186 (5.66%) Consultant
7 141 (4.29%) Architect
8 136 (4.14%) Big Data Engineer
9 110 (3.35%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 104 (3.17%) Python Developer
11 98 (2.98%) Software Engineer
12 91 (2.77%) Data Analyst
13 90 (2.74%) Python Engineer
14 86 (2.62%) .NET Developer
14 86 (2.62%) Senior Data Engineer
15 81 (2.47%) Data Consultant
16 79 (2.41%) Senior Developer
17 73 (2.22%) Data Manager
18 72 (2.19%) Machine Learning Engineer
19 64 (1.95%) Graduate
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 312 (9.50%) Natural Language Processing
2 282 (8.59%) Kafka
3 231 (7.03%) .NET
4 210 (6.39%) AngularJS
5 203 (6.18%) HTML
6 196 (5.97%) TensorFlow
7 174 (5.30%) Pandas
8 170 (5.18%) CSS
9 158 (4.81%) NumPy
10 142 (4.32%) React
11 135 (4.11%) scikit-learn
11 135 (4.11%) Web Services
12 131 (3.99%) HTML5
13 125 (3.81%) SciPy
14 124 (3.78%) RESTful
15 108 (3.29%) Node.js
16 102 (3.11%) jQuery
17 93 (2.83%) CSS3
17 93 (2.83%) D3.js
18 79 (2.41%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 627 (19.09%) Algorithms
2 568 (17.30%) Analytical Skills
3 164 (4.99%) Fintech
4 119 (3.62%) Data Structures
5 105 (3.20%) User Experience
6 95 (2.89%) Greenfield Project
7 59 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
8 57 (1.74%) Social Media
9 56 (1.71%) Management Information System
10 55 (1.67%) Life Science
11 54 (1.64%) FMCG
11 54 (1.64%) Public Cloud
12 50 (1.52%) Social Network
13 49 (1.49%) Cloud Native
13 49 (1.49%) Mobile App
14 47 (1.43%) Virtual Team
15 44 (1.34%) Enterprise Cloud
16 31 (0.94%) Robotics
17 30 (0.91%) Hybrid Cloud
18 27 (0.82%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 251 (7.64%) Linux
2 91 (2.77%) Unix
3 66 (2.01%) Windows
4 31 (0.94%) Apple iOS
5 27 (0.82%) Android
6 16 (0.49%) Windows Server
7 11 (0.33%) Ubuntu
8 7 (0.21%) CentOS
9 4 (0.12%) FreeBSD
10 3 (0.091%) SUSE
11 2 (0.061%) DC/OS
11 2 (0.061%) Debian
11 2 (0.061%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.061%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 2 (0.061%) Robot Operating System
12 1 (0.030%) Embedded Linux
12 1 (0.030%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,546 (47.08%) Analytics
2 1,491 (45.40%) Machine Learning
3 931 (28.35%) Agile Software Development
4 715 (21.77%) Mathematics
5 677 (20.62%) Artificial Intelligence
6 652 (19.85%) Visualisation
7 581 (17.69%) Computer Science
8 563 (17.14%) Business Intelligence
9 538 (16.38%) Software Engineering
10 494 (15.04%) Statistics
11 421 (12.82%) Data Analysis
12 410 (12.48%) Data Visualisation
13 406 (12.36%) Problem-Solving
14 404 (12.30%) Data Analytics
15 392 (11.94%) Data Engineering
16 384 (11.69%) ETL
17 372 (11.33%) DevOps
18 353 (10.75%) Data Modelling
19 314 (9.56%) Deep Learning
20 269 (8.19%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 1,882 (57.31%) Python
2 1,186 (36.11%) SQL
3 928 (28.26%) R
4 660 (20.10%) Java
5 437 (13.31%) Scala
6 435 (13.25%) JavaScript
7 368 (11.21%) C++
8 353 (10.75%) C#
9 177 (5.39%) C
10 153 (4.66%) MATLAB
11 80 (2.44%) Ruby
12 64 (1.95%) Bash Shell
13 60 (1.83%) T-SQL
14 48 (1.46%) Shell Script
15 46 (1.40%) PHP
16 45 (1.37%) Go
17 42 (1.28%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
18 30 (0.91%) VBA
19 28 (0.85%) PowerShell
20 23 (0.70%) Perl
Qualifications
1 996 (30.33%) Degree
2 392 (11.94%) PhD
3 149 (4.54%) Computer Science Degree
4 119 (3.62%) Master's Degree
5 76 (2.31%) Numerate Degree
6 73 (2.22%) Security Cleared
7 52 (1.58%) SAFe Agilist
8 41 (1.25%) MBA
9 31 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
9 31 (0.94%) SC Cleared
10 26 (0.79%) DV Cleared
11 22 (0.67%) CISSP
12 21 (0.64%) PMI Certification
13 12 (0.37%) ISTQB
13 12 (0.37%) MPhil
14 11 (0.33%) CISA
15 10 (0.30%) CISM
15 10 (0.30%) Postgraduate
16 8 (0.24%) AWS Certification
16 8 (0.24%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 122 (3.71%) Data Quality
2 89 (2.71%) QA
3 32 (0.97%) GDPR
4 22 (0.67%) IFRS
5 20 (0.61%) Solvency II
6 19 (0.58%) IFRS 9
7 17 (0.52%) Dodd-Frank
7 17 (0.52%) FATCA
8 13 (0.40%) Actionable Recommendations
9 8 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 7 (0.21%) PMO
11 6 (0.18%) COBIT
12 4 (0.12%) BS7799
13 3 (0.091%) CRD IV
13 3 (0.091%) PCI DSS
14 2 (0.061%) NIST 800
14 2 (0.061%) SLA
15 1 (0.030%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 217 (6.61%) Docker
2 115 (3.50%) HDFS
3 67 (2.04%) Apache Flume
4 18 (0.55%) VMware Infrastructure
5 16 (0.49%) Active Directory
5 16 (0.49%) VirtualBox
6 4 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.061%) etcd
7 2 (0.061%) vCloud
7 2 (0.061%) vSphere
8 1 (0.030%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.030%) Snort
8 1 (0.030%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 159 (4.84%) Kubernetes
2 106 (3.23%) Hadoop YARN
3 89 (2.71%) Oozie
4 80 (2.44%) Ansible
5 45 (1.37%) Terraform
6 39 (1.19%) Opscode Chef
7 38 (1.16%) Prometheus
8 34 (1.04%) Grafana
9 27 (0.82%) Kibana
10 26 (0.79%) Puppet
11 21 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
12 16 (0.49%) logstash
13 13 (0.40%) Mesos
14 12 (0.37%) Nagios
15 9 (0.27%) ZABBIX
16 7 (0.21%) EMC NetWorker
16 7 (0.21%) Xymon
17 5 (0.15%) Rancher
18 4 (0.12%) Ambari
18 4 (0.12%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 409 (12.45%) Tableau
2 304 (9.26%) Microsoft
3 246 (7.49%) Google
4 168 (5.12%) SAP
5 120 (3.65%) Hortonworks
6 118 (3.59%) Oracle
7 112 (3.41%) Cloudera
8 80 (2.44%) MapR
9 73 (2.22%) Databricks
10 59 (1.80%) Salesforce.com
11 50 (1.52%) Adobe
12 33 (1.00%) IBM
13 32 (0.97%) Sitecore
14 31 (0.94%) Marketo
15 28 (0.85%) Alias
15 28 (0.85%) Informatica
16 26 (0.79%) Talend
17 24 (0.73%) MicroStrategy
17 24 (0.73%) VMware
18 22 (0.67%) Alteryx