Period
to 14 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 14 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK > England
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 125 161 210
Rank change year-on-year +36 +49 +94
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,435 3,217 2,873
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.71% 2.11% 1.69%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.94% 2.30% 1.84%
Number of salaries quoted 2,614 2,430 2,379
England median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £38,666 £37,500 £33,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £101,250 £95,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year - +8.33% +4.35%

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 116,693 139,890 156,340
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 92.08% 91.87% 92.23%
Number of salaries quoted 93,171 112,419 124,550
England median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,500 £28,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science in England.

Salary trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Data Science in England

Data Science
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the England region over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +47 2,325 £72,500 - 256
South East -14 350 £55,000 +10.00% 45
South West +37 270 £50,000 -9.09% 24
North of England +36 218 £50,000 - 38
East of England +61 167 £60,000 +9.09% 38
North West +15 142 £50,000 -4.31% 25
Midlands +48 92 £50,000 +17.65% 18
Yorkshire +18 71 £55,000 +22.22% 11
West Midlands +55 61 £52,500 +10.53% 8
East Midlands -12 31 £45,000 +12.50% 9
North East +17 5 £50,000 +42.86% 2
South Coast - 2 £67,500 -
Data Science
UK

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,175 (63.32%) Python
2 1,537 (44.75%) Machine Learning
3 1,239 (36.07%) SQL
4 1,184 (34.47%) Analytics
5 991 (28.85%) Agile Software Development
6 959 (27.92%) Big Data
7 859 (25.01%) AWS
8 791 (23.03%) R
9 779 (22.68%) Degree
10 713 (20.76%) Analytical Skills
11 705 (20.52%) Artificial Intelligence
12 704 (20.49%) Apache Spark
13 664 (19.33%) Finance
14 637 (18.54%) Mathematics
15 621 (18.08%) Java
16 607 (17.67%) Hadoop
17 577 (16.80%) Business Intelligence
18 569 (16.56%) Azure
19 557 (16.22%) Computer Science
20 535 (15.57%) Software Engineering
21 534 (15.55%) Algorithms
22 508 (14.79%) Visualisation
23 495 (14.41%) Scala
24 477 (13.89%) Statistics
25 446 (12.98%) GCP
26 428 (12.46%) Docker
27 411 (11.97%) Data Analysis
28 407 (11.85%) DevOps
29 389 (11.32%) ETL
30 371 (10.80%) JavaScript

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 704 (20.49%) Apache Spark
2 149 (4.34%) Apache
3 126 (3.67%) Elasticsearch
4 124 (3.61%) SAS
5 89 (2.59%) Apache Airflow
6 66 (1.92%) Jupyter
7 33 (0.96%) Luigi
8 25 (0.73%) Confluence
9 24 (0.70%) Tornado
10 22 (0.64%) Apache Solr
11 21 (0.61%) Apache Pig
11 21 (0.61%) Hyperledger
12 16 (0.47%) SharePoint
13 11 (0.32%) OpenStack
14 10 (0.29%) GeoServer
15 9 (0.26%) IIS
15 9 (0.26%) nginx
16 5 (0.15%) ArcGIS
17 3 (0.087%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 2 (0.058%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 76 (2.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 24 (0.70%) Microsoft Office
2 24 (0.70%) SPSS
3 16 (0.47%) Sketch
4 12 (0.35%) Stata
5 10 (0.29%) Chatbot
5 10 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.26%) InVision
7 7 (0.20%) Gephi
8 6 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
8 6 (0.17%) MS Visio
9 5 (0.15%) Gliffy
10 4 (0.12%) GNU Octave
10 4 (0.12%) Weka
11 3 (0.087%) Adobe Illustrator
11 3 (0.087%) OmniGraffle
11 3 (0.087%) Photoshop
12 1 (0.029%) Adobe XD
12 1 (0.029%) Spreadsheet
12 1 (0.029%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 3 (0.087%) Odoo
2 2 (0.058%) Actimize
2 2 (0.058%) Cognos Business Intelligence
2 2 (0.058%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.029%) Cognos TM1
3 1 (0.029%) HFM
3 1 (0.029%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.029%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.029%) SAP BPC
3 1 (0.029%) SAP GTS
3 1 (0.029%) Siebel CRM
3 1 (0.029%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 859 (25.01%) AWS
2 569 (16.56%) Azure
3 446 (12.98%) GCP
4 172 (5.01%) Power Platform
5 130 (3.78%) Serverless
6 108 (3.14%) AWS Lambda
7 93 (2.71%) Amazon S3
8 90 (2.62%) SaaS
9 72 (2.10%) Amazon Kinesis
10 59 (1.72%) PaaS
11 58 (1.69%) AWS CloudFormation
11 58 (1.69%) Cloud Computing
12 56 (1.63%) Amazon EMR
13 51 (1.48%) Azure Machine Learning
14 43 (1.25%) Amazon ECS
15 42 (1.22%) Azure Data Factory
16 40 (1.16%) Amazon SageMaker
17 34 (0.99%) GitHub
18 30 (0.87%) Amazon SQS
19 28 (0.82%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 57 (1.66%) HTTP
2 32 (0.93%) Internet
3 25 (0.73%) DNS
4 22 (0.64%) Wireless
5 17 (0.49%) Firewall
6 13 (0.38%) VPN
7 10 (0.29%) VLAN
8 9 (0.26%) SSL
9 8 (0.23%) Ethernet
9 8 (0.23%) MPLS
10 7 (0.20%) SMS
11 5 (0.15%) SMTP
12 3 (0.087%) FTP
12 3 (0.087%) Reverse Proxy
13 2 (0.058%) Bluetooth
13 2 (0.058%) Broadband
13 2 (0.058%) MQTT
13 2 (0.058%) SAN
14 1 (0.029%) Kerberos
14 1 (0.029%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 959 (27.92%) Big Data
2 607 (17.67%) Hadoop
3 343 (9.99%) Data Warehouse
4 293 (8.53%) NoSQL
5 265 (7.71%) SQL Server
6 234 (6.81%) PostgreSQL
7 213 (6.20%) Apache Hive
8 186 (5.41%) Relational Database
9 182 (5.30%) Data Mining
10 172 (5.01%) Power BI
11 164 (4.77%) Data Lake
12 155 (4.51%) BigQuery
12 155 (4.51%) MongoDB
13 152 (4.43%) Apache Cassandra
14 150 (4.37%) Amazon Redshift
15 128 (3.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 125 (3.64%) MySQL
17 83 (2.42%) Impala
18 82 (2.39%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 77 (2.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 282 (8.21%) Git (software)
2 189 (5.50%) Jenkins
3 129 (3.76%) JIRA
4 62 (1.80%) Bitbucket
5 37 (1.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 36 (1.05%) Visual Studio
7 30 (0.87%) Vagrant
8 27 (0.79%) RStudio
9 23 (0.67%) git-flow
10 22 (0.64%) Bitbucket Server
10 22 (0.64%) webpack
11 19 (0.55%) Subversion
12 18 (0.52%) Team Foundation Server
12 18 (0.52%) Visual Studio Team System
13 16 (0.47%) Travis CI
14 15 (0.44%) Maven
15 14 (0.41%) GitLab
15 14 (0.41%) Octopus Deploy
16 12 (0.35%) NUnit
17 11 (0.32%) Selenium
General
1 664 (19.33%) Finance
2 328 (9.55%) Marketing
3 255 (7.42%) Banking
4 210 (6.11%) Retail
5 138 (4.02%) Public Sector
6 101 (2.94%) Telecoms
7 85 (2.47%) Manufacturing
8 76 (2.21%) Games
9 47 (1.37%) Electronics
10 46 (1.34%) Law
11 39 (1.14%) Automotive
12 38 (1.11%) Pharmaceutical
13 33 (0.96%) Legal
14 30 (0.87%) Front Office
15 29 (0.84%) Advertising
16 28 (0.82%) Financial Institution
16 28 (0.82%) Publishing
17 23 (0.67%) Billing
18 20 (0.58%) Aerospace
19 12 (0.35%) Military
Job Titles
1 936 (27.25%) Data Scientist
2 558 (16.24%) Developer
3 554 (16.13%) Data Engineer
4 321 (9.34%) Senior Data Scientist
5 169 (4.92%) Software Engineer
6 165 (4.80%) Architect
7 162 (4.72%) Analyst
7 162 (4.72%) Consultant
8 158 (4.60%) Python Engineer
9 133 (3.87%) Senior Developer
10 107 (3.11%) Junior
11 105 (3.06%) Data Architect
12 100 (2.91%) Senior Data Engineer
13 94 (2.74%) Python Developer
14 82 (2.39%) Machine Learning Engineer
15 81 (2.36%) AWS Engineer
16 79 (2.30%) DevOps Engineer
17 73 (2.13%) Data Analyst
18 72 (2.10%) Big Data Engineer
18 72 (2.10%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 289 (8.41%) Kafka
2 281 (8.18%) Natural Language Processing
3 264 (7.69%) Pandas
4 260 (7.57%) scikit-learn
5 236 (6.87%) TensorFlow
6 161 (4.69%) React
7 152 (4.43%) Node.js
7 152 (4.43%) NumPy
8 146 (4.25%) .NET
8 146 (4.25%) AngularJS
8 146 (4.25%) Web Services
9 143 (4.16%) HTML
10 121 (3.52%) CSS
11 115 (3.35%) Keras
12 92 (2.68%) Flask
13 82 (2.39%) REST
14 81 (2.36%) RESTful
15 67 (1.95%) ASP.NET
15 67 (1.95%) JSON
16 65 (1.89%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 713 (20.76%) Analytical Skills
2 534 (15.55%) Algorithms
3 137 (3.99%) Greenfield Project
4 130 (3.78%) User Experience
5 105 (3.06%) Data Structures
6 92 (2.68%) Management Information System
7 70 (2.04%) Public Cloud
8 62 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
9 57 (1.66%) Social Media
10 49 (1.43%) Blog
11 33 (0.96%) Hedge funds
12 32 (0.93%) Analytical Mindset
12 32 (0.93%) Robotics
13 28 (0.82%) Linux Command Line
14 26 (0.76%) Credit Risk
14 26 (0.76%) Virtual Team
15 25 (0.73%) Private Cloud
16 24 (0.70%) Cyber Kill Chain
16 24 (0.70%) Data Centre
17 23 (0.67%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 370 (10.77%) Linux
2 123 (3.58%) Unix
3 56 (1.63%) Windows
4 37 (1.08%) Android
5 36 (1.05%) Apple iOS
6 17 (0.49%) Ubuntu
7 15 (0.44%) Windows Server
8 14 (0.41%) CentOS
9 10 (0.29%) Mac OS X
9 10 (0.29%) Windows 10
10 8 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 4 (0.12%) Embedded Linux
12 1 (0.029%) AIX
12 1 (0.029%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,537 (44.75%) Machine Learning
2 1,184 (34.47%) Analytics
3 991 (28.85%) Agile Software Development
4 705 (20.52%) Artificial Intelligence
5 637 (18.54%) Mathematics
6 577 (16.80%) Business Intelligence
7 557 (16.22%) Computer Science
8 535 (15.57%) Software Engineering
9 508 (14.79%) Visualisation
10 477 (13.89%) Statistics
11 411 (11.97%) Data Analysis
12 407 (11.85%) DevOps
13 389 (11.32%) ETL
14 362 (10.54%) Data Engineering
15 348 (10.13%) Data Modelling
15 348 (10.13%) Problem-Solving
16 334 (9.72%) Data Analytics
17 306 (8.91%) Deep Learning
18 288 (8.38%) Scrum
19 267 (7.77%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,175 (63.32%) Python
2 1,239 (36.07%) SQL
3 791 (23.03%) R
4 621 (18.08%) Java
5 495 (14.41%) Scala
6 371 (10.80%) JavaScript
7 277 (8.06%) C#
8 273 (7.95%) C
9 201 (5.85%) C++
10 120 (3.49%) MATLAB
11 115 (3.35%) Go
12 104 (3.03%) Bash Shell
13 95 (2.77%) TypeScript
14 80 (2.33%) T-SQL
15 52 (1.51%) Shell Script
16 49 (1.43%) PHP
17 35 (1.02%) Perl
17 35 (1.02%) PL/SQL
18 28 (0.82%) Ruby
19 27 (0.79%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 779 (22.68%) Degree
2 295 (8.59%) PhD
3 155 (4.51%) Security Cleared
4 107 (3.11%) Computer Science Degree
5 98 (2.85%) Master's Degree
6 84 (2.45%) DV Cleared
7 77 (2.24%) Numerate Degree
8 67 (1.95%) SC Cleared
9 28 (0.82%) Microsoft Certification
10 14 (0.41%) MBA
11 12 (0.35%) PMP
11 12 (0.35%) Postgraduate
12 11 (0.32%) AWS Certification
13 10 (0.29%) MCSA
13 10 (0.29%) RHCA
14 5 (0.15%) CISSP
14 5 (0.15%) PMI Certification
15 4 (0.12%) MCSE
16 2 (0.058%) PRINCE2 Certification
16 2 (0.058%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 136 (3.96%) Data Quality
2 112 (3.26%) QA
3 46 (1.34%) GDPR
4 32 (0.93%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 14 (0.41%) IFRS
5 14 (0.41%) IFRS 9
6 12 (0.35%) Basel II
7 11 (0.32%) Actionable Recommendations
7 11 (0.32%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.087%) PMO
9 2 (0.058%) HIPAA
9 2 (0.058%) MiFID
9 2 (0.058%) PSD2
10 1 (0.029%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.029%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 1 (0.029%) EMIR
10 1 (0.029%) GMP
10 1 (0.029%) IASME
10 1 (0.029%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.029%) SLA
System Software
1 428 (12.46%) Docker
2 70 (2.04%) HDFS
3 30 (0.87%) Apache Flume
4 26 (0.76%) VirtualBox
5 18 (0.52%) Active Directory
6 15 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
7 14 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 10 (0.29%) pfSense
9 9 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
10 5 (0.15%) NFS
10 5 (0.15%) Samba
10 5 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
10 5 (0.15%) vSphere
11 2 (0.058%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.029%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 298 (8.68%) Kubernetes
2 165 (4.80%) Terraform
3 114 (3.32%) Ansible
4 65 (1.89%) Oozie
5 41 (1.19%) Puppet
6 36 (1.05%) Docker Swarm
7 33 (0.96%) Hadoop YARN
8 25 (0.73%) Opscode Chef
9 19 (0.55%) Consul
10 12 (0.35%) Kibana
11 11 (0.32%) Microsoft Intune
12 10 (0.29%) Packer
13 6 (0.17%) Mesos
13 6 (0.17%) Nagios
14 5 (0.15%) Cacti
14 5 (0.15%) Galera Cluster
14 5 (0.15%) HAProxy
14 5 (0.15%) HP Quality Center
15 2 (0.058%) Grafana
15 2 (0.058%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 368 (10.71%) Google
2 272 (7.92%) Tableau
3 263 (7.66%) Microsoft
4 90 (2.62%) Oracle
5 68 (1.98%) Databricks
6 58 (1.69%) SAP
7 52 (1.51%) Cloudera
8 48 (1.40%) Informatica
9 47 (1.37%) Splunk
9 47 (1.37%) Talend
10 36 (1.05%) Alteryx
11 35 (1.02%) WorldPay
12 34 (0.99%) Adobe
13 31 (0.90%) Hortonworks
14 28 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
15 26 (0.76%) Teradata
16 22 (0.64%) Apple
17 21 (0.61%) Dataiku
18 19 (0.55%) IBM
18 19 (0.55%) MicroStrategy