Period
to 25 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Data Science skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Science over the 6 months to 25 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Science
UK > England
6 months to
25 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 138 172 255
Rank change year-on-year +34 +83 +93
Permanent jobs citing Data Science 3,479 3,343 2,198
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 2.53% 2.04% 1.35%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.75% 2.22% 1.48%
Number of salaries quoted 2,717 2,793 1,848
England median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% -
10th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £35,548
90th Percentile £102,500 £97,500 £95,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% -

Data Science is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 126,314 150,483 148,939
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.74% 91.79% 91.33%
Number of salaries quoted 100,523 123,691 123,582
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,250
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +1.52% +3.68%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,050 £28,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £79,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

Data Science
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Science as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Science in England.

Salary trend for Data Science in England

Data Science
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Science in England over the 6 months to 25 March 2019.

Salary histogram for Data Science in England

Data Science
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Science within the England region over the 6 months to 25 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +11 2,143 £72,500 +3.57% 160
South East +94 514 £50,000 - 22
North of England +67 277 £48,000 -4.00% 31
South West +60 232 £52,500 -4.55% 19
North West +51 191 £48,000 +6.67% 21
East of England +10 178 £55,000 +10.00% 20
Midlands +32 122 £40,000 -5.88% 15
Yorkshire +32 69 £46,250 -15.91% 8
West Midlands +17 66 £39,114 -13.08% 10
East Midlands +35 56 £40,000 -5.88% 5
North East +30 17 £47,500 -29.63% 2
Data Science
UK

For the 6 months to 25 March 2019, IT jobs citing Data Science also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Science.

1 2,015 (57.92%) Python
2 1,673 (48.09%) Machine Learning
3 1,550 (44.55%) Analytics
4 1,096 (31.50%) SQL
5 1,002 (28.80%) Big Data
6 985 (28.31%) Agile Software Development
7 832 (23.91%) R
8 794 (22.82%) Artificial Intelligence
9 788 (22.65%) Java
10 777 (22.33%) Degree
11 765 (21.99%) Mathematics
12 717 (20.61%) Apache Spark
12 717 (20.61%) Algorithms
13 663 (19.06%) Amazon AWS
13 663 (19.06%) Finance
14 660 (18.97%) Visualisation
15 656 (18.86%) Hadoop
16 637 (18.31%) Software Engineering
17 571 (16.41%) Computer Science
18 560 (16.10%) Data Analysis
19 544 (15.64%) Analytical Skills
20 497 (14.29%) Microsoft Azure
21 489 (14.06%) Business Intelligence
22 450 (12.93%) Scala
23 435 (12.50%) PhD
24 430 (12.36%) Data Analytics
25 393 (11.30%) Statistics
26 388 (11.15%) Data Engineering
27 371 (10.66%) Data Visualisation
28 365 (10.49%) C++

Data Science
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 717 (20.61%) Apache Spark
2 196 (5.63%) SAS
3 180 (5.17%) Elasticsearch
4 177 (5.09%) Apache
5 144 (4.14%) Apache Pig
6 51 (1.47%) Apache Solr
7 33 (0.95%) Apache Airflow
8 30 (0.86%) Jupyter
9 13 (0.37%) Luigi
9 13 (0.37%) OpenStack
10 12 (0.34%) SharePoint
11 11 (0.32%) Tomcat
12 10 (0.29%) GlassFish
13 7 (0.20%) ArcGIS
13 7 (0.20%) Confluence
13 7 (0.20%) DNN
13 7 (0.20%) Ethereum
13 7 (0.20%) Marvel
14 6 (0.17%) GeoServer
14 6 (0.17%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 64 (1.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 42 (1.21%) SPSS
3 26 (0.75%) GNU Octave
4 20 (0.57%) Chatbot
5 15 (0.43%) Stata
6 11 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 10 (0.29%) InVision
7 10 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
7 10 (0.29%) MS Visio
8 9 (0.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 7 (0.20%) Adobe After Effects
9 7 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
9 7 (0.20%) Photoshop
10 5 (0.14%) Flinto
11 4 (0.11%) S-PLUS
11 4 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
12 3 (0.086%) Weka
13 2 (0.057%) CPLEX
13 2 (0.057%) Gephi
14 1 (0.029%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 6 (0.17%) Summit
2 4 (0.11%) FastStats
2 4 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.11%) SAP BPC
2 4 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.057%) Cognos Business Intelligence
3 2 (0.057%) Maximo
3 2 (0.057%) PolarLake
3 2 (0.057%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 2 (0.057%) WebTrends
4 1 (0.029%) Cognos TM1
4 1 (0.029%) Eloqua
4 1 (0.029%) HFM
4 1 (0.029%) Hyperion Planning
4 1 (0.029%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.029%) Odoo
4 1 (0.029%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.029%) Relativity
4 1 (0.029%) Unica
4 1 (0.029%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 663 (19.06%) Amazon AWS
2 497 (14.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 323 (9.28%) Google Cloud Platform
4 92 (2.64%) SaaS
5 90 (2.59%) Cloud Computing
6 79 (2.27%) PaaS
6 79 (2.27%) Serverless
7 69 (1.98%) Amazon S3
8 48 (1.38%) AWS Lambda
9 44 (1.26%) Azure Data Factory
10 32 (0.92%) Amazon EC2
11 31 (0.89%) Azure Machine Learning
11 31 (0.89%) Google Analytics
12 29 (0.83%) Amazon Kinesis
13 28 (0.80%) GitHub
14 26 (0.75%) IaaS
15 24 (0.69%) Amazon EMR
15 24 (0.69%) Data Lake Analytics
16 20 (0.57%) Amazon SageMaker
17 17 (0.49%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 35 (1.01%) Broadband
2 34 (0.98%) Internet
3 26 (0.75%) HTTP
4 14 (0.40%) Firewall
5 12 (0.34%) DNS
6 11 (0.32%) Network Security
7 10 (0.29%) VPN
8 6 (0.17%) PPP
9 3 (0.086%) DHCP
9 3 (0.086%) FTP
9 3 (0.086%) Skype
9 3 (0.086%) SSL
9 3 (0.086%) WAN
10 2 (0.057%) Bluetooth
10 2 (0.057%) Ethernet
10 2 (0.057%) Intranet
10 2 (0.057%) MPLS
10 2 (0.057%) NFC
11 1 (0.029%) Cisco IOS
11 1 (0.029%) Cisco IPT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,002 (28.80%) Big Data
2 656 (18.86%) Hadoop
3 331 (9.51%) Data Warehouse
4 324 (9.31%) NoSQL
5 295 (8.48%) Apache Hive
6 222 (6.38%) Data Mining
7 220 (6.32%) Power BI
8 216 (6.21%) Apache Cassandra
9 181 (5.20%) SQL Server
10 163 (4.69%) PostgreSQL
11 151 (4.34%) Amazon Redshift
12 147 (4.23%) Relational Database
13 145 (4.17%) Impala
14 143 (4.11%) HBase
15 136 (3.91%) MongoDB
16 133 (3.82%) Data Lake
17 122 (3.51%) MySQL
18 97 (2.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 90 (2.59%) QlikView
20 85 (2.44%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 212 (6.09%) Git (software)
2 124 (3.56%) Jenkins
3 58 (1.67%) Maven
4 55 (1.58%) Visual Studio
5 40 (1.15%) JIRA
5 40 (1.15%) Subversion
6 39 (1.12%) Selenium
7 38 (1.09%) Gradle
8 27 (0.78%) GitLab
9 26 (0.75%) Ant
10 25 (0.72%) Mercurial
11 20 (0.57%) Team Foundation Server
12 17 (0.49%) JMeter
12 17 (0.49%) Visual Studio Team System
13 16 (0.46%) Artifactory
13 16 (0.46%) SoapUI
14 13 (0.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 13 (0.37%) ERwin
15 12 (0.34%) ER Studio
15 12 (0.34%) TeamCity
General
1 663 (19.06%) Finance
2 285 (8.19%) Retail
3 272 (7.82%) Banking
4 222 (6.38%) Marketing
5 156 (4.48%) Pharmaceutical
6 134 (3.85%) Telecoms
7 122 (3.51%) Law
8 82 (2.36%) Military
9 68 (1.95%) Games
10 65 (1.87%) Investment Banking
11 41 (1.18%) Manufacturing
12 33 (0.95%) Electronics
13 29 (0.83%) Advertising
13 29 (0.83%) Legal
14 17 (0.49%) Financial Institution
15 13 (0.37%) Automotive
15 13 (0.37%) Front Office
16 11 (0.32%) Spanish Language
17 10 (0.29%) Retail Banking
18 7 (0.20%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 966 (27.77%) Data Scientist
2 530 (15.23%) Developer
3 503 (14.46%) Data Engineer
4 253 (7.27%) Analyst
5 245 (7.04%) Senior Data Scientist
6 202 (5.81%) Architect
7 164 (4.71%) Consultant
8 146 (4.20%) Software Engineer
9 124 (3.56%) Data Analyst
10 117 (3.36%) Python Engineer
11 110 (3.16%) Big Data Engineer
12 109 (3.13%) Data Architect
13 103 (2.96%) Python Developer
14 97 (2.79%) Senior Data Engineer
15 94 (2.70%) Machine Learning Engineer
16 86 (2.47%) Graduate
16 86 (2.47%) Senior Developer
17 85 (2.44%) Java Developer
17 85 (2.44%) Machine Learning Scientist
18 80 (2.30%) Data Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 364 (10.46%) Kafka
2 327 (9.40%) Natural Language Processing
3 205 (5.89%) scikit-learn
4 199 (5.72%) TensorFlow
5 189 (5.43%) Pandas
6 165 (4.74%) .NET
7 154 (4.43%) NumPy
8 152 (4.37%) Web Services
9 141 (4.05%) HTML
10 132 (3.79%) React
11 121 (3.48%) AngularJS
12 113 (3.25%) SciPy
13 108 (3.10%) CSS
14 82 (2.36%) Node.js
15 75 (2.16%) PySpark
16 71 (2.04%) HTML5
16 71 (2.04%) JSON
17 63 (1.81%) RESTful
18 61 (1.75%) Django
19 60 (1.72%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 717 (20.61%) Algorithms
2 544 (15.64%) Analytical Skills
3 202 (5.81%) Fintech
4 134 (3.85%) User Experience
5 104 (2.99%) Data Structures
6 83 (2.39%) Greenfield Project
7 77 (2.21%) Management Information System
8 57 (1.64%) Public Cloud
9 56 (1.61%) Robotics
10 52 (1.49%) Social Media
11 41 (1.18%) FMCG
12 40 (1.15%) Cloud Native
12 40 (1.15%) Life Science
12 40 (1.15%) Virtual Team
13 38 (1.09%) Social Network
14 33 (0.95%) Mobile App
15 31 (0.89%) PMI
16 30 (0.86%) Enterprise Cloud
16 30 (0.86%) Hedge funds
17 27 (0.78%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 253 (7.27%) Linux
2 88 (2.53%) Unix
3 59 (1.70%) Windows
4 31 (0.89%) Apple iOS
5 30 (0.86%) Android
6 9 (0.26%) FreeBSD
7 6 (0.17%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.11%) Mac OS X
8 4 (0.11%) Windows Server
9 3 (0.086%) Mac OS
9 3 (0.086%) SUSE
10 2 (0.057%) Debian
10 2 (0.057%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.057%) Robot Operating System
11 1 (0.029%) CentOS
11 1 (0.029%) HPUX
11 1 (0.029%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.029%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,673 (48.09%) Machine Learning
2 1,550 (44.55%) Analytics
3 985 (28.31%) Agile Software Development
4 794 (22.82%) Artificial Intelligence
5 765 (21.99%) Mathematics
6 660 (18.97%) Visualisation
7 637 (18.31%) Software Engineering
8 571 (16.41%) Computer Science
9 560 (16.10%) Data Analysis
10 489 (14.06%) Business Intelligence
11 430 (12.36%) Data Analytics
12 393 (11.30%) Statistics
13 388 (11.15%) Data Engineering
14 371 (10.66%) Data Visualisation
15 361 (10.38%) Problem-Solving
16 353 (10.15%) Data Modelling
17 352 (10.12%) ETL
18 323 (9.28%) DevOps
19 303 (8.71%) Deep Learning
20 298 (8.57%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 2,015 (57.92%) Python
2 1,096 (31.50%) SQL
3 832 (23.91%) R
4 788 (22.65%) Java
5 450 (12.93%) Scala
6 365 (10.49%) C++
7 352 (10.12%) JavaScript
8 338 (9.72%) C#
9 236 (6.78%) MATLAB
10 198 (5.69%) C
11 78 (2.24%) Ruby
12 74 (2.13%) Bash Shell
13 70 (2.01%) Go
14 61 (1.75%) Shell Script
15 55 (1.58%) T-SQL
16 44 (1.26%) Java 8
16 44 (1.26%) TypeScript
17 39 (1.12%) Groovy
18 38 (1.09%) PHP
19 32 (0.92%) Perl
Qualifications
1 777 (22.33%) Degree
2 435 (12.50%) PhD
3 104 (2.99%) Computer Science Degree
4 85 (2.44%) Master's Degree
5 84 (2.41%) Security Cleared
6 67 (1.93%) Numerate Degree
7 53 (1.52%) SC Cleared
8 33 (0.95%) DV Cleared
9 31 (0.89%) PMI Certification
10 30 (0.86%) MBA
11 25 (0.72%) CISSP
12 21 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
13 16 (0.46%) AWS Certification
13 16 (0.46%) ISTQB
14 15 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
15 14 (0.40%) CISA
16 13 (0.37%) CEH
16 13 (0.37%) CISM
17 10 (0.29%) Postgraduate
18 7 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 141 (4.05%) Data Quality
2 83 (2.39%) QA
3 20 (0.57%) GDPR
4 15 (0.43%) IFRS
5 13 (0.37%) Solvency II
6 11 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 10 (0.29%) Dodd-Frank
8 9 (0.26%) FATCA
8 9 (0.26%) IFRS 9
9 6 (0.17%) Actionable Recommendations
9 6 (0.17%) BS7799
9 6 (0.17%) COBIT
10 5 (0.14%) PMO
11 3 (0.086%) CRD IV
12 2 (0.057%) EMIR
12 2 (0.057%) SEPA
12 2 (0.057%) SLA
13 1 (0.029%) Basel III
13 1 (0.029%) MiFID
13 1 (0.029%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 264 (7.59%) Docker
2 94 (2.70%) Apache Flume
3 77 (2.21%) HDFS
4 27 (0.78%) Active Directory
5 22 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
6 16 (0.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 8 (0.23%) VirtualBox
7 8 (0.23%) vSphere
8 5 (0.14%) etcd
9 4 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
10 2 (0.057%) Hyper-V
10 2 (0.057%) Snort
Systems Management
1 210 (6.04%) Kubernetes
2 123 (3.54%) Oozie
3 120 (3.45%) Hadoop YARN
4 109 (3.13%) Ansible
5 76 (2.18%) Opscode Chef
6 72 (2.07%) Terraform
7 58 (1.67%) Puppet
8 28 (0.80%) Nagios
9 24 (0.69%) Prometheus
10 16 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
11 12 (0.34%) SQL Sentry
12 11 (0.32%) Kibana
13 9 (0.26%) Consul
13 9 (0.26%) Rundeck
14 7 (0.20%) Business Desktop Deployment
14 7 (0.20%) Grafana
14 7 (0.20%) SCOM
15 5 (0.14%) Mesos
16 4 (0.11%) Ambari
16 4 (0.11%) Salt
Vendors
1 308 (8.85%) Tableau
2 242 (6.96%) Google
3 231 (6.64%) Microsoft
4 155 (4.46%) Cloudera
5 140 (4.02%) Oracle
6 129 (3.71%) SAP
7 98 (2.82%) Hortonworks
8 90 (2.59%) Databricks
9 84 (2.41%) MapR
10 54 (1.55%) Informatica
11 49 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
12 48 (1.38%) Talend
13 37 (1.06%) Adobe
14 34 (0.98%) IBM
15 33 (0.95%) VMware
16 29 (0.83%) Alteryx
17 25 (0.72%) Splunk
18 22 (0.63%) IDERA
18 22 (0.63%) Progress
19 21 (0.60%) Teradata