Period
to 23 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Functional Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Testing over the 6 months to 23 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Functional Testing
UK > England
6 months to
23 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 456 416 363
Rank change year-on-year -40 -53 -65
Permanent jobs citing Functional Testing 953 1,260 1,605
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.62% 0.76% 0.88%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.68% 0.83% 0.96%
Number of salaries quoted 783 908 1,289
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £67,500
UK median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +1.12%

Functional Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 140,420 151,023 166,463
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.07% 91.54% 90.91%
Number of salaries quoted 112,581 120,047 140,346
England median annual salary £50,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,500 £27,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £80,000 £78,750
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year - +4.17% +1.05%

Functional Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Functional Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Testing in England

Functional Testing
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Functional Testing in England.

Salary trend for Functional Testing in England

Functional Testing
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing in England over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Salary histogram for Functional Testing in England

Functional Testing
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 23 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -35 434 £55,000 -8.33% 68
South East -16 189 £45,000 +20.00% 29
North of England 0 168 £40,000 -5.88% 37
Yorkshire +51 93 £45,000 +20.00% 19
North West -27 69 £38,500 -23.00% 17
East of England +40 67 £42,500 -4.23% 15
South West -42 58 £40,000 - 15
Midlands -55 38 £42,500 -5.56% 17
East Midlands -27 23 £52,500 +5.00% 8
West Midlands -24 14 £40,000 -3.61% 9
North East -26 6 £32,500 -7.14% 1
Functional Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 23 September 2018, IT jobs citing Functional Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Functional Testing.

1 648 (68.00%) Test Automation
2 598 (62.75%) Agile Software Development
3 405 (42.50%) QA
4 401 (42.08%) Selenium
5 341 (35.78%) Java
6 320 (33.58%) Non-Functional Testing
7 247 (25.92%) Finance
8 229 (24.03%) SQL
9 227 (23.82%) C#
10 224 (23.50%) BDD
11 222 (23.29%) JavaScript
12 213 (22.35%) Scrum
13 207 (21.72%) Test Strategy
14 194 (20.36%) JIRA
15 176 (18.47%) WebDriver
16 175 (18.36%) TDD
17 174 (18.26%) Performance Testing
18 173 (18.15%) Software Testing
18 173 (18.15%) Regression Testing
19 172 (18.05%) Cucumber
20 160 (16.79%) Continuous Integration
21 159 (16.68%) Jenkins
22 151 (15.84%) Test Scripting
23 136 (14.27%) SDLC
24 126 (13.22%) Python
24 126 (13.22%) ISTQB
25 124 (13.01%) User Acceptance Testing
26 120 (12.59%) Waterfall
26 120 (12.59%) Web Services
26 120 (12.59%) Problem-Solving

Functional Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 87 (9.13%) Confluence
2 11 (1.15%) SharePoint
3 8 (0.84%) Tomcat
4 4 (0.42%) Apache Spark
4 4 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
4 4 (0.42%) IIS
5 3 (0.31%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (0.21%) Amazon Alexa
6 2 (0.21%) Apache
6 2 (0.21%) CMS
6 2 (0.21%) Mendix
6 2 (0.21%) MQSeries
6 2 (0.21%) Oracle Coherence
6 2 (0.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 2 (0.21%) SharePoint 2013
6 2 (0.21%) SharePoint Server
6 2 (0.21%) WebSphere
7 1 (0.10%) Gunicorn
7 1 (0.10%) OpenStack
7 1 (0.10%) SAS
Applications
1 19 (1.99%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (1.15%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.52%) Fireworks
3 5 (0.52%) Photoshop
4 3 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.42%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.31%) BusinessWorks
3 3 (0.31%) Demantra
3 3 (0.31%) Oracle ASCP
3 3 (0.31%) SAP IS-U
4 2 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
4 2 (0.21%) SAP CRM
4 2 (0.21%) TIBCO iProcess
4 2 (0.21%) Workday HCM
5 1 (0.10%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.10%) SAP FI
5 1 (0.10%) SAP FI-AR
5 1 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.10%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 64 (6.72%) Amazon AWS
2 27 (2.83%) GitHub
3 26 (2.73%) Microsoft Azure
4 14 (1.47%) BrowserStack
5 13 (1.36%) Google Analytics
6 12 (1.26%) BlazeMeter
7 11 (1.15%) Serverless
8 9 (0.94%) Office 365
8 9 (0.94%) SaaS
9 8 (0.84%) G Suite
9 8 (0.84%) Slack
10 7 (0.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (0.63%) Amazon S3
11 6 (0.63%) Cloud Computing
11 6 (0.63%) Google Cloud Platform
11 6 (0.63%) npm
12 5 (0.52%) AWS Lambda
12 5 (0.52%) OpenShift
13 3 (0.31%) Amazon EC2
13 3 (0.31%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 17 (1.78%) HTTP
2 10 (1.05%) Ethernet
2 10 (1.05%) IPsec
2 10 (1.05%) IPv4
2 10 (1.05%) IPv6
2 10 (1.05%) SNMP
2 10 (1.05%) SSH
2 10 (1.05%) SSL
2 10 (1.05%) VLAN
2 10 (1.05%) Wi-Fi
3 9 (0.94%) Internet
4 7 (0.73%) Network Security
5 4 (0.42%) FTP
5 4 (0.42%) SMS
6 3 (0.31%) DNS
7 2 (0.21%) ATM
7 2 (0.21%) Broadband
7 2 (0.21%) DHCP
7 2 (0.21%) Intrusion Detection
7 2 (0.21%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 69 (7.24%) SQL Server
2 50 (5.25%) MySQL
3 34 (3.57%) PostgreSQL
4 33 (3.46%) Blockchain
5 27 (2.83%) Relational Database
6 24 (2.52%) Data Warehouse
7 20 (2.10%) MongoDB
8 19 (1.99%) Big Data
9 13 (1.36%) Crystal Reports
10 12 (1.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 9 (0.94%) Hadoop
12 8 (0.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 7 (0.73%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 7 (0.73%) Apache Cassandra
13 7 (0.73%) KDB
14 6 (0.63%) Power BI
14 6 (0.63%) SQL Server 2008
14 6 (0.63%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 5 (0.52%) Kdb+
15 5 (0.52%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 401 (42.08%) Selenium
2 194 (20.36%) JIRA
3 176 (18.47%) WebDriver
4 172 (18.05%) Cucumber
5 159 (16.68%) Jenkins
6 106 (11.12%) Git (software)
7 99 (10.39%) JMeter
8 94 (9.86%) SoapUI
9 85 (8.92%) SpecFlow
10 66 (6.93%) Appium
10 66 (6.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 63 (6.61%) HP UFT
12 53 (5.56%) Team Foundation Server
13 49 (5.14%) Visual Studio
14 48 (5.04%) Maven
15 46 (4.83%) JBehave
16 43 (4.51%) JUnit
17 40 (4.20%) Gatling
18 30 (3.15%) NUnit
19 25 (2.62%) Protractor
General
1 247 (25.92%) Finance
2 62 (6.51%) Banking
3 44 (4.62%) Retail
4 30 (3.15%) Marketing
5 19 (1.99%) Investment Banking
6 15 (1.57%) Games
6 15 (1.57%) Law
7 12 (1.26%) Front Office
8 10 (1.05%) Manufacturing
9 9 (0.94%) Automotive
9 9 (0.94%) Electronics
9 9 (0.94%) Financial Institution
10 8 (0.84%) Billing
11 7 (0.73%) Telecoms
12 5 (0.52%) Back Office
12 5 (0.52%) Legal
13 4 (0.42%) Corporate Banking
13 4 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.31%) Advertising
14 3 (0.31%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 266 (27.91%) Analyst
2 181 (18.99%) Test Analyst
3 175 (18.36%) Developer
4 165 (17.31%) Tester
5 96 (10.07%) Test Engineer
6 88 (9.23%) Automation Tester
7 80 (8.39%) Test Leader
8 74 (7.76%) QA Engineer
9 61 (6.40%) QA Analyst
9 61 (6.40%) Test Automation Engineer
10 58 (6.09%) Developer in Test
11 54 (5.67%) Test Manager
12 47 (4.93%) QA Tester
12 47 (4.93%) Senior Analyst
13 46 (4.83%) Software Tester
14 43 (4.51%) Automation Test Analyst
14 43 (4.51%) Java Developer
14 43 (4.51%) Software Developer
15 40 (4.20%) QA Automation Tester
16 33 (3.46%) Senior Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 120 (12.59%) Web Services
2 113 (11.86%) HTML
3 99 (10.39%) .NET
3 99 (10.39%) RESTful
4 95 (9.97%) CSS
5 76 (7.97%) AngularJS
6 73 (7.66%) SOAP
7 68 (7.14%) XML
8 63 (6.61%) Gherkin
9 50 (5.25%) REST
10 48 (5.04%) JSON
11 35 (3.67%) HTML5
11 35 (3.67%) Node.js
12 30 (3.15%) Spring
13 29 (3.04%) Sass
14 26 (2.73%) React
14 26 (2.73%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 20 (2.10%) jQuery
16 19 (1.99%) Behat
17 17 (1.78%) Pthreads
Miscellaneous
1 93 (9.76%) User Experience
2 79 (8.29%) Analytical Skills
3 59 (6.19%) Mobile App
4 45 (4.72%) Computer Science
5 33 (3.46%) Virtual Team
6 32 (3.36%) Self-Motivation
7 31 (3.25%) Fintech
8 23 (2.41%) Bitcoin
9 20 (2.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 20 (2.10%) Linux Command Line
10 18 (1.89%) Data Structures
11 15 (1.57%) Management Information System
12 11 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
12 11 (1.15%) Greenfield Project
13 10 (1.05%) Client/Server
14 9 (0.94%) Algorithms
14 9 (0.94%) Hedge funds
15 7 (0.73%) Analytical Mindset
16 6 (0.63%) Cyberthreat
16 6 (0.63%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 89 (9.34%) Linux
2 63 (6.61%) Windows
3 31 (3.25%) Unix
4 22 (2.31%) Android
5 20 (2.10%) Apple iOS
6 6 (0.63%) Windows Server
7 5 (0.52%) Mac OS X
7 5 (0.52%) VMS
8 4 (0.42%) Embedded Linux
8 4 (0.42%) VxWorks
9 2 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
10 1 (0.10%) Solaris
10 1 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 648 (68.00%) Test Automation
2 598 (62.75%) Agile Software Development
3 320 (33.58%) Non-Functional Testing
4 224 (23.50%) BDD
5 213 (22.35%) Scrum
6 207 (21.72%) Test Strategy
7 175 (18.36%) TDD
8 174 (18.26%) Performance Testing
9 173 (18.15%) Regression Testing
9 173 (18.15%) Software Testing
10 160 (16.79%) Continuous Integration
11 151 (15.84%) Test Scripting
12 136 (14.27%) SDLC
13 124 (13.01%) User Acceptance Testing
14 120 (12.59%) Problem-Solving
14 120 (12.59%) Waterfall
15 105 (11.02%) Manual Testing
16 102 (10.70%) Acceptance Criteria
17 87 (9.13%) Integration Testing
18 86 (9.02%) SDET
Programming Languages
1 341 (35.78%) Java
2 229 (24.03%) SQL
3 227 (23.82%) C#
4 222 (23.29%) JavaScript
5 126 (13.22%) Python
6 48 (5.04%) C++
6 48 (5.04%) Ruby
7 41 (4.30%) C
8 30 (3.15%) Groovy
9 19 (1.99%) T-SQL
10 18 (1.89%) PHP
10 18 (1.89%) PL/SQL
11 17 (1.78%) ES6
12 14 (1.47%) Apple Swift
12 14 (1.47%) Objective-C
12 14 (1.47%) PowerShell
12 14 (1.47%) Shell Script
13 12 (1.26%) Bash Shell
14 9 (0.94%) Java 8
15 8 (0.84%) Perl
Qualifications
1 126 (13.22%) ISTQB
2 117 (12.28%) Degree
3 74 (7.76%) ISEB
4 46 (4.83%) Security Cleared
5 42 (4.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 34 (3.57%) Computer Science Degree
7 32 (3.36%) SC Cleared
8 11 (1.15%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.84%) Master's Degree
10 6 (0.63%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 4 (0.42%) CEH
11 4 (0.42%) MCSA
11 4 (0.42%) MCSE
11 4 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.42%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 2 (0.21%) ICAEW
12 2 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
13 1 (0.10%) AWS Certification
13 1 (0.10%) IIBA
13 1 (0.10%) ISEB Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 405 (42.50%) QA
2 6 (0.63%) SLA
3 5 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 4 (0.42%) GDPR
4 4 (0.42%) MISRA
4 4 (0.42%) MISRA C
5 3 (0.31%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.21%) PMO
6 2 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.10%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.10%) MiFID
System Software
1 39 (4.09%) Docker
2 6 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (0.52%) Hyper-V
4 4 (0.42%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.42%) Firmware
5 3 (0.31%) Apache Flume
5 3 (0.31%) HDFS
5 3 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.10%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 30 (3.15%) HP Quality Center
2 21 (2.20%) HP ALM
3 10 (1.05%) Ansible
3 10 (1.05%) Puppet
4 6 (0.63%) Kubernetes
5 5 (0.52%) HP Fortify
6 4 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.31%) Oozie
8 2 (0.21%) Thomson Reuters DACS
9 1 (0.10%) Capistrano
9 1 (0.10%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.10%) Kibana
9 1 (0.10%) logstash
9 1 (0.10%) Nagios
9 1 (0.10%) OpenView
9 1 (0.10%) SCCM
9 1 (0.10%) SCOM
9 1 (0.10%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 74 (7.76%) Oracle
2 61 (6.40%) Microsoft
3 57 (5.98%) SAP
4 54 (5.67%) HP
5 32 (3.36%) Google
6 26 (2.73%) TIBCO
7 11 (1.15%) IBM
8 10 (1.05%) EMC
9 8 (0.84%) Atlassian
9 8 (0.84%) Cisco
9 8 (0.84%) WorldPay
9 8 (0.84%) Xamarin
10 7 (0.73%) AppDynamics
10 7 (0.73%) Dynatrace
10 7 (0.73%) Juniper
10 7 (0.73%) New Relic
10 7 (0.73%) Sitecore
11 6 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
12 5 (0.52%) VMware
13 4 (0.42%) ServiceNow