Period
to 21 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 618 502 611
Rank change year-on-year -116 +109 -52
Permanent jobs citing SSL 413 172 496
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.37% 0.38% 0.39%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 2.86% 2.49% 2.50%
Number of salaries quoted 267 115 338
10th Percentile £35,000 £36,508 £36,250
25th Percentile £40,000 £42,500 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £65,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -23.08% +18.18% +10.00%
75th Percentile £65,000 £76,250 £75,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £90,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -12.50% +9.09% +10.00%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 14,460 6,905 19,835
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 13.05% 15.36% 15.66%
Number of salaries quoted 9,988 5,679 15,645
10th Percentile £27,500 £30,000 £25,750
25th Percentile £36,250 £37,500 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £52,000 £47,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.85% +10.64% -1.05%
75th Percentile £68,750 £67,500 £62,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,000
% change year-on-year - +8.70% -3.16%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in England

SSL
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SSL in England.

Salary trend for SSL in England

SSL
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SSL in England over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Salary histogram for SSL in England

SSL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the England region over the 6 months to 21 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -111 194 £50,500 -30.34% 26
South East -105 77 £57,500 -17.86% 20
North of England -143 45 £47,500 +18.75% 18
South West -48 39 £45,500 -4.21% 11
Midlands -88 34 £47,500 +11.76% 11
East Midlands -54 28 £47,500 - 5
Yorkshire -79 23 £52,500 -12.50% 5
North West -113 21 £47,500 +11.76% 8
East of England -99 17 £45,000 -5.26% 5
West Midlands -108 6 £51,250 +60.16% 6
North East -32 1 £60,000 +71.43% 5
SSL
UK

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SSL.

1 162 (39.23%) Linux
2 149 (36.08%) Firewall
3 148 (35.84%) DNS
4 132 (31.96%) Windows
5 114 (27.60%) VPN
6 112 (27.12%) Azure
7 108 (26.15%) Microsoft
8 106 (25.67%) Active Directory
9 97 (23.49%) Problem-Solving
10 89 (21.55%) Social Skills
11 87 (21.07%) Microsoft 365
12 85 (20.58%) SQL
13 77 (18.64%) VMware
14 75 (18.16%) AWS
14 75 (18.16%) Git (software)
15 72 (17.43%) HTML
15 72 (17.43%) DevOps
16 70 (16.95%) Agile Software Development
17 68 (16.46%) JavaScript
18 66 (15.98%) JIRA
18 66 (15.98%) Windows Server
19 65 (15.74%) SQL Server
19 65 (15.74%) TCP/IP
20 64 (15.50%) REST
21 63 (15.25%) Kubernetes
21 63 (15.25%) CSS
22 60 (14.53%) Java
22 60 (14.53%) HTTP
22 60 (14.53%) DHCP
22 60 (14.53%) Cisco

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (8.96%) IIS
2 32 (7.75%) WordPress
3 28 (6.78%) SharePoint
4 27 (6.54%) MS Exchange
5 25 (6.05%) Confluence
5 25 (6.05%) Elasticsearch
6 24 (5.81%) CMS
7 20 (4.84%) nginx
7 20 (4.84%) Sitecore CMS
8 17 (4.12%) Umbraco
9 15 (3.63%) Apache
9 15 (3.63%) Tomcat
10 8 (1.94%) Headless CMS
11 7 (1.69%) Drupal
12 6 (1.45%) Kentico
12 6 (1.45%) WebSphere
13 5 (1.21%) JCAPS
13 5 (1.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 5 (1.21%) SAS
14 3 (0.73%) EPiServer
Applications
1 11 (2.66%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (1.69%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.48%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 19 (4.60%) Payment Gateway
2 13 (3.15%) R3 Corda
3 12 (2.91%) Distributed Ledger
4 11 (2.66%) Sage 200
5 7 (1.69%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.73%) Maximo
7 2 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.24%) Dynamics GP
8 1 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
8 1 (0.24%) Magento
8 1 (0.24%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.24%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 112 (27.12%) Azure
2 87 (21.07%) Microsoft 365
3 75 (18.16%) AWS
4 32 (7.75%) PaaS
5 29 (7.02%) IaaS
6 28 (6.78%) Amazon EC2
7 27 (6.54%) Azure Active Directory
7 27 (6.54%) SaaS
8 21 (5.08%) Mimecast
9 19 (4.60%) GitHub
10 18 (4.36%) Azure Stack
10 18 (4.36%) GCP
11 16 (3.87%) Google Workspace
12 15 (3.63%) Cloudflare
13 14 (3.39%) Serverless
14 12 (2.91%) OneDrive
15 8 (1.94%) Azure Storage
15 8 (1.94%) Slack
16 5 (1.21%) AWS Direct Connect
16 5 (1.21%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 149 (36.08%) Firewall
2 148 (35.84%) DNS
3 114 (27.60%) VPN
4 65 (15.74%) TCP/IP
5 60 (14.53%) DHCP
5 60 (14.53%) HTTP
6 51 (12.35%) VoIP
7 48 (11.62%) SMTP
8 45 (10.90%) IPsec
9 42 (10.17%) LAN
10 37 (8.96%) VLAN
11 35 (8.47%) Network Security
11 35 (8.47%) WAN
12 28 (6.78%) Wireless
13 23 (5.57%) Cisco ASA
13 23 (5.57%) Internet
14 22 (5.33%) SAN
15 19 (4.60%) BGP
16 15 (3.63%) SSH
17 14 (3.39%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (15.74%) SQL Server
2 51 (12.35%) MySQL
3 40 (9.69%) MariaDB
4 34 (8.23%) PostgreSQL
5 27 (6.54%) Oracle Database
6 22 (5.33%) Relational Database
7 16 (3.87%) RDBMS
8 13 (3.15%) Blockchain
9 11 (2.66%) NoSQL
10 9 (2.18%) Big Data
11 8 (1.94%) Amazon RDS
12 6 (1.45%) DB2
12 6 (1.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 5 (1.21%) MongoDB
14 4 (0.97%) Hadoop
14 4 (0.97%) Power BI
14 4 (0.97%) SQL Server 2016
14 4 (0.97%) SQL Server 2017
14 4 (0.97%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 4 (0.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 75 (18.16%) Git (software)
2 66 (15.98%) JIRA
3 34 (8.23%) Jenkins
4 23 (5.57%) Maven
5 16 (3.87%) JUnit
5 16 (3.87%) Mockito
6 11 (2.66%) Visual Studio
6 11 (2.66%) webpack
7 9 (2.18%) GitLab
7 9 (2.18%) Subversion
8 7 (1.69%) PHPUnit
8 7 (1.69%) Vagrant
9 6 (1.45%) Gradle
9 6 (1.45%) SoapUI
10 5 (1.21%) Bitbucket
10 5 (1.21%) Rational Rhapsody
10 5 (1.21%) Sonatype Nexus
11 3 (0.73%) CF BOSH
11 3 (0.73%) Team Foundation Server
12 2 (0.48%) TeamCity
General
1 89 (21.55%) Social Skills
2 60 (14.53%) Finance
3 42 (10.17%) Analytical Skills
4 24 (5.81%) Presentation Skills
5 20 (4.84%) Telecoms
6 19 (4.60%) Banking
7 14 (3.39%) Billing
7 14 (3.39%) Marketing
8 13 (3.15%) Pharmaceutical
9 12 (2.91%) Documentation Skills
10 9 (2.18%) Influencing Skills
11 7 (1.69%) Manufacturing
12 6 (1.45%) Back Office
12 6 (1.45%) Legal
12 6 (1.45%) Organisational Skills
12 6 (1.45%) Retail
13 5 (1.21%) Public Sector
14 4 (0.97%) Electronics
14 4 (0.97%) Police
15 3 (0.73%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 67 (16.22%) Developer
2 37 (8.96%) Senior Developer
3 31 (7.51%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 31 (7.51%) Network Engineer
4 27 (6.54%) PHP Developer
5 24 (5.81%) Support Engineer
5 24 (5.81%) Systems Engineer
6 23 (5.57%) Platform Engineer
6 23 (5.57%) Security Engineer
7 22 (5.33%) 3rd Line Engineer
7 22 (5.33%) Cloud Engineer
7 22 (5.33%) IT Engineer
8 21 (5.08%) Systems Support
9 19 (4.60%) Administrator
9 19 (4.60%) Senior PHP Developer
10 18 (4.36%) Analyst
11 17 (4.12%) Consultant
12 16 (3.87%) IT Manager
13 15 (3.63%) Architect
13 15 (3.63%) Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 72 (17.43%) HTML
2 64 (15.50%) REST
3 63 (15.25%) CSS
4 54 (13.08%) Web Services
5 48 (11.62%) LDAP
6 47 (11.38%) SOAP
6 47 (11.38%) XML
7 45 (10.90%) LAMP
8 36 (8.72%) JDBC
9 29 (7.02%) jQuery
10 25 (6.05%) AngularJS
10 25 (6.05%) Kafka
11 24 (5.81%) Spring
11 24 (5.81%) XSLT
12 22 (5.33%) SAML
13 20 (4.84%) Elastic Stack
14 19 (4.60%) .NET
15 16 (3.87%) JPA
15 16 (3.87%) RESTful
15 16 (3.87%) XML Schema
Miscellaneous
1 60 (14.53%) PKI
2 37 (8.96%) Clustering
2 37 (8.96%) Data Centre
3 29 (7.02%) Mobile App
4 25 (6.05%) User Experience
5 23 (5.57%) iPhone
5 23 (5.57%) Self-Motivation
6 21 (5.08%) Enterprise Software
6 21 (5.08%) Management Information System
7 18 (4.36%) Enterprise Storage
8 16 (3.87%) SWIFT
9 11 (2.66%) Renewable Energy
10 9 (2.18%) CMDB
11 7 (1.69%) Public Cloud
12 6 (1.45%) Digital Media
12 6 (1.45%) Video Conferencing
13 5 (1.21%) Cyberthreat
13 5 (1.21%) Linux Command Line
13 5 (1.21%) NHS
14 4 (0.97%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 162 (39.23%) Linux
2 132 (31.96%) Windows
3 66 (15.98%) Windows Server
4 36 (8.72%) Windows 10
5 25 (6.05%) Unix
5 25 (6.05%) Windows Server 2012
6 21 (5.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 21 (5.08%) Windows Server 2019
7 20 (4.84%) Android
8 17 (4.12%) Mac OS
9 15 (3.63%) CentOS
10 12 (2.91%) Solaris
11 11 (2.66%) Apple iOS
12 10 (2.42%) Ubuntu
13 4 (0.97%) Windows Server 2016
14 3 (0.73%) AIX
14 3 (0.73%) zOS
15 2 (0.48%) Windows Server 2008
16 1 (0.24%) Mac OS X
16 1 (0.24%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 97 (23.49%) Problem-Solving
2 72 (17.43%) DevOps
3 70 (16.95%) Agile Software Development
4 43 (10.41%) Disaster Recovery
5 42 (10.17%) ITIL
5 42 (10.17%) Unit Testing
6 38 (9.20%) Computer Science
6 38 (9.20%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 36 (8.72%) Project Management
8 34 (8.23%) Load Balancing
8 34 (8.23%) Migration
9 32 (7.75%) Software Engineering
10 31 (7.51%) Full Stack Development
11 30 (7.26%) Cybersecurity
12 29 (7.02%) Information Security
13 28 (6.78%) Root Cause Analysis
14 27 (6.54%) IT Strategy
14 27 (6.54%) ITSM
14 27 (6.54%) Server Management
15 26 (6.30%) Change Control
Programming Languages
1 85 (20.58%) SQL
2 68 (16.46%) JavaScript
3 60 (14.53%) Java
3 60 (14.53%) PowerShell
4 48 (11.62%) Bash Shell
5 44 (10.65%) Python
6 42 (10.17%) PHP
7 17 (4.12%) Java 8
8 14 (3.39%) Kotlin
8 14 (3.39%) Perl
8 14 (3.39%) TypeScript
9 9 (2.18%) C#
10 7 (1.69%) CFML
10 7 (1.69%) R
11 6 (1.45%) C
11 6 (1.45%) C++
12 5 (1.21%) PL/SQL
12 5 (1.21%) Shell Script
13 4 (0.97%) Ruby
13 4 (0.97%) Tcl
Qualifications
1 49 (11.86%) Degree
2 24 (5.81%) Cisco Certification
2 24 (5.81%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (4.36%) CCNA
3 18 (4.36%) CCNP
4 14 (3.39%) Microsoft Certification
4 14 (3.39%) Security Cleared
5 8 (1.94%) VCP6
5 8 (1.94%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
6 7 (1.69%) CEH
6 7 (1.69%) CISA
6 7 (1.69%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 6 (1.45%) GIAC
7 6 (1.45%) ISEB
7 6 (1.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 6 (1.45%) OSCE
7 6 (1.45%) OSCP
7 6 (1.45%) SC Cleared
8 4 (0.97%) CISSP
9 3 (0.73%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (7.51%) PCI DSS
2 24 (5.81%) GDPR
3 22 (5.33%) QA
4 19 (4.60%) Accessibility
5 18 (4.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 11 (2.66%) WCAG
7 10 (2.42%) NIST
8 5 (1.21%) HL7
9 3 (0.73%) GRC
9 3 (0.73%) HIPAA
9 3 (0.73%) SLA
10 2 (0.48%) Cyber Essentials
10 2 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 1 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 1 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
11 1 (0.24%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.24%) NCSC
11 1 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 106 (25.67%) Active Directory
2 45 (10.90%) Docker
3 38 (9.20%) VMware Infrastructure
4 34 (8.23%) Hyper-V
5 33 (7.99%) vSphere
6 16 (3.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 12 (2.91%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (2.91%) Virtual Servers
8 9 (2.18%) iptables
8 9 (2.18%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (1.21%) ProxySG
10 4 (0.97%) Virtual Desktop
11 2 (0.48%) Gluster
11 2 (0.48%) OpenAM
11 2 (0.48%) OpenIDM
11 2 (0.48%) RACF
11 2 (0.48%) Varnish
12 1 (0.24%) Firmware
12 1 (0.24%) NFS
12 1 (0.24%) Xen
Systems Management
1 63 (15.25%) Kubernetes
2 55 (13.32%) Ansible
3 40 (9.69%) Terraform
4 27 (6.54%) SCCM
5 24 (5.81%) Puppet
6 19 (4.60%) Grafana
6 19 (4.60%) Microsoft Intune
6 19 (4.60%) Opscode Chef
6 19 (4.60%) Prometheus
7 16 (3.87%) HAProxy
8 15 (3.63%) Failover Clustering
8 15 (3.63%) Single Sign-On
9 9 (2.18%) Graphite
9 9 (2.18%) HP Quality Center
10 8 (1.94%) CSIRT
10 8 (1.94%) Istio
11 7 (1.69%) HP Fortify
11 7 (1.69%) Nagios
11 7 (1.69%) Rancher
11 7 (1.69%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 108 (26.15%) Microsoft
2 77 (18.64%) VMware
3 60 (14.53%) Cisco
4 51 (12.35%) Red Hat
5 37 (8.96%) Oracle
6 29 (7.02%) Splunk
7 28 (6.78%) Palo Alto
8 26 (6.30%) F5
8 26 (6.30%) ServiceNow
9 23 (5.57%) Apple
10 22 (5.33%) HP
11 21 (5.08%) Aruba
12 20 (4.84%) Sitecore
13 19 (4.60%) SonicWALL
14 18 (4.36%) 3PAR
14 18 (4.36%) CheckPoint
14 18 (4.36%) Scality
14 18 (4.36%) Veeam
15 15 (3.63%) SolarWinds
16 13 (3.15%) IBM