Period
to 1 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for SSL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SSL over the 6 months to 1 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Secure Socket Layer (SSL)
UK > England
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 568 534 619
Rank change year-on-year -34 +85 -82
Permanent jobs citing SSL 413 242 528
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.41% 0.39% 0.40%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 3.15% 2.50% 2.53%
Number of salaries quoted 295 191 356
10th Percentile £35,000 £31,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £42,000 £40,395 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -8.33% +9.09% +22.22%
75th Percentile £68,750 £77,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £90,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -8.33% +9.09% +22.22%

SSL is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 13,102 9,670 20,905
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 13.10% 15.45% 15.78%
Number of salaries quoted 9,213 7,807 16,056
10th Percentile £28,000 £28,750 £25,750
25th Percentile £36,750 £36,250 £33,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £46,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.70% -3.16%
75th Percentile £67,500 £67,500 £62,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -3.23%

SSL
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing SSL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for SSL in England

SSL
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SSL in England.

Salary trend for SSL in England

SSL
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing SSL in England over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for SSL in England

SSL
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SSL within the England region over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -54 176 £55,000 -24.14% 27
North of England -60 63 £55,000 +45.28% 11
South East -83 51 £66,250 -11.67% 21
Midlands -51 45 £43,750 -12.50% 5
South West -52 38 £55,000 -18.52% 5
East Midlands - 34 £47,500 - 2
Yorkshire -49 26 £58,750 +80.77% 4
North West -47 25 £47,500 +13.11% 3
East of England -25 23 £50,000 +5.26% 3
North East -23 12 £44,375 +26.79% 4
West Midlands -72 12 £42,098 -17.86% 3
SSL
UK

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, IT jobs citing SSL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for SSL.

1 168 (40.68%) Linux
2 154 (37.29%) DNS
2 154 (37.29%) Firewall
3 133 (32.20%) Microsoft
4 128 (30.99%) VPN
5 124 (30.02%) Windows
6 122 (29.54%) Azure
7 108 (26.15%) Active Directory
8 98 (23.73%) AWS
9 89 (21.55%) Git (software)
10 84 (20.34%) JavaScript
10 84 (20.34%) VMware
10 84 (20.34%) Microsoft 365
11 82 (19.85%) HTML
11 82 (19.85%) HTTP
11 82 (19.85%) JIRA
12 79 (19.13%) Social Skills
13 77 (18.64%) Problem-Solving
14 75 (18.16%) PowerShell
15 72 (17.43%) XML
16 71 (17.19%) DevOps
17 68 (16.46%) CSS
17 68 (16.46%) LDAP
18 67 (16.22%) Web Services
18 67 (16.22%) Agile Software Development
19 65 (15.74%) SQL
20 61 (14.77%) TCP/IP
20 61 (14.77%) VMware Infrastructure
20 61 (14.77%) Ansible
21 59 (14.29%) Windows Server

SSL
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (7.51%) Apache
2 30 (7.26%) Confluence
3 25 (6.05%) nginx
4 24 (5.81%) IIS
5 21 (5.08%) WordPress
6 18 (4.36%) MS Exchange
7 17 (4.12%) CMS
8 16 (3.87%) Elasticsearch
9 15 (3.63%) SharePoint
9 15 (3.63%) Tomcat
10 11 (2.66%) Sitecore CMS
10 11 (2.66%) Umbraco
11 7 (1.69%) Apache Spark
11 7 (1.69%) Drupal
11 7 (1.69%) Headless CMS
12 6 (1.45%) Exchange Server 2013
13 5 (1.21%) JCAPS
13 5 (1.21%) Kentico
13 5 (1.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 4 (0.97%) WebSphere
Applications
1 9 (2.18%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.45%) Gephi
2 6 (1.45%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.48%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 2 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 20 (4.84%) Remedy ITSM
2 19 (4.60%) Payment Gateway
3 11 (2.66%) R3 Corda
4 10 (2.42%) Distributed Ledger
5 6 (1.45%) Sage 200
6 3 (0.73%) Maximo
7 2 (0.48%) Dynamics GP
8 1 (0.24%) assyst
8 1 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 122 (29.54%) Azure
2 98 (23.73%) AWS
3 84 (20.34%) Microsoft 365
4 40 (9.69%) SaaS
5 33 (7.99%) PaaS
6 29 (7.02%) IaaS
7 24 (5.81%) Amazon EC2
7 24 (5.81%) Azure Active Directory
7 24 (5.81%) GitHub
8 21 (5.08%) OneDrive
9 18 (4.36%) GCP
10 16 (3.87%) Mimecast
11 12 (2.91%) Serverless
12 11 (2.66%) Cloudflare
13 10 (2.42%) Azure Stack
14 9 (2.18%) Google Workspace
15 8 (1.94%) Azure Storage
16 6 (1.45%) DigitalOcean
16 6 (1.45%) Slack
16 6 (1.45%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 154 (37.29%) DNS
1 154 (37.29%) Firewall
2 128 (30.99%) VPN
3 82 (19.85%) HTTP
4 61 (14.77%) TCP/IP
5 44 (10.65%) DHCP
5 44 (10.65%) SMTP
6 40 (9.69%) LAN
7 38 (9.20%) IPsec
7 38 (9.20%) WAN
8 37 (8.96%) VoIP
9 32 (7.75%) Remote Desktop
10 30 (7.26%) VLAN
11 29 (7.02%) Network Security
12 27 (6.54%) Internet
13 25 (6.05%) MPLS
14 24 (5.81%) BGP
15 22 (5.33%) SSH
16 20 (4.84%) Cisco ASA
16 20 (4.84%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (13.80%) MySQL
2 55 (13.32%) SQL Server
3 35 (8.47%) MariaDB
4 31 (7.51%) PostgreSQL
5 28 (6.78%) Oracle Database
6 14 (3.39%) Relational Database
7 12 (2.91%) MongoDB
8 11 (2.66%) Big Data
8 11 (2.66%) Blockchain
9 9 (2.18%) Amazon RDS
9 9 (2.18%) RDBMS
10 6 (1.45%) Apache Hive
10 6 (1.45%) Impala
10 6 (1.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 5 (1.21%) NoSQL
12 4 (0.97%) SQL Server 2012
12 4 (0.97%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 4 (0.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 3 (0.73%) DB2
14 2 (0.48%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 89 (21.55%) Git (software)
2 82 (19.85%) JIRA
3 40 (9.69%) Jenkins
4 22 (5.33%) Maven
5 16 (3.87%) JUnit
5 16 (3.87%) Mockito
6 14 (3.39%) Bitbucket
7 10 (2.42%) GitLab
7 10 (2.42%) Sonatype Nexus
8 9 (2.18%) Vagrant
9 8 (1.94%) Subversion
10 7 (1.69%) Visual Studio
10 7 (1.69%) webpack
11 6 (1.45%) Bitbucket Server
11 6 (1.45%) git-flow
11 6 (1.45%) SoapUI
12 5 (1.21%) Gradle
12 5 (1.21%) PHPUnit
12 5 (1.21%) Rational Rhapsody
13 4 (0.97%) TeamCity
General
1 79 (19.13%) Social Skills
2 50 (12.11%) Finance
3 46 (11.14%) Analytical Skills
4 19 (4.60%) Marketing
5 17 (4.12%) Banking
6 12 (2.91%) Presentation Skills
7 9 (2.18%) Legal
8 8 (1.94%) Influencing Skills
8 8 (1.94%) Manufacturing
8 8 (1.94%) Pharmaceutical
8 8 (1.94%) Telecoms
9 7 (1.69%) Organisational Skills
9 7 (1.69%) Publishing
9 7 (1.69%) Retail
10 6 (1.45%) Billing
10 6 (1.45%) Documentation Skills
11 5 (1.21%) Back Office
12 2 (0.48%) Law
12 2 (0.48%) Public Sector
13 1 (0.24%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 66 (15.98%) Developer
2 56 (13.56%) Consultant
3 43 (10.41%) Senior Developer
4 32 (7.75%) Network Engineer
5 31 (7.51%) PHP Developer
6 30 (7.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 26 (6.30%) Administrator
8 24 (5.81%) Technical Consultant
9 23 (5.57%) Senior PHP Developer
10 22 (5.33%) DevOps Engineer
11 21 (5.08%) Analyst
11 21 (5.08%) Senior Consultant
11 21 (5.08%) Systems Administrator
12 20 (4.84%) Systems Engineer
13 16 (3.87%) Architect
14 14 (3.39%) Platform Engineer
15 13 (3.15%) 3rd Line Engineer
15 13 (3.15%) Azure Engineer
15 13 (3.15%) IT Engineer
15 13 (3.15%) Senior ITSM Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 82 (19.85%) HTML
2 72 (17.43%) XML
3 68 (16.46%) CSS
3 68 (16.46%) LDAP
4 67 (16.22%) Web Services
5 59 (14.29%) SOAP
6 47 (11.38%) LAMP
6 47 (11.38%) REST
7 35 (8.47%) Kafka
8 32 (7.75%) jQuery
9 27 (6.54%) RESTful
10 25 (6.05%) JDBC
11 24 (5.81%) JSON
12 22 (5.33%) XSLT
13 21 (5.08%) Elastic Stack
14 20 (4.84%) Ajax
15 18 (4.36%) Spring
16 17 (4.12%) LAPP Stack
16 17 (4.12%) LEMP Stack
17 15 (3.63%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 48 (11.62%) PKI
2 31 (7.51%) Data Centre
3 29 (7.02%) Clustering
4 26 (6.30%) Mobile App
4 26 (6.30%) User Experience
5 24 (5.81%) Enterprise Software
6 23 (5.57%) Public Cloud
7 21 (5.08%) iPhone
8 19 (4.60%) CMDB
9 18 (4.36%) Self-Motivation
10 14 (3.39%) Management Information System
10 14 (3.39%) SWIFT
11 11 (2.66%) Analytical Mindset
12 10 (2.42%) Enterprise Storage
13 9 (2.18%) Digital Media
14 8 (1.94%) Renewable Energy
15 6 (1.45%) Cyber Kill Chain
15 6 (1.45%) Cyberthreat
15 6 (1.45%) Linux Command Line
16 5 (1.21%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 168 (40.68%) Linux
2 124 (30.02%) Windows
3 59 (14.29%) Windows Server
4 24 (5.81%) Unix
5 21 (5.08%) Windows Server 2012
6 20 (4.84%) Windows 10
7 17 (4.12%) Ubuntu
8 15 (3.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (3.63%) Windows Server 2019
9 13 (3.15%) Android
10 12 (2.91%) CentOS
11 11 (2.66%) Solaris
12 7 (1.69%) Mac OS
13 6 (1.45%) Apple iOS
13 6 (1.45%) Debian
14 3 (0.73%) VMS
15 2 (0.48%) Windows Server 2016
16 1 (0.24%) AIX
16 1 (0.24%) Mac OS X
16 1 (0.24%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 77 (18.64%) Problem-Solving
2 71 (17.19%) DevOps
3 67 (16.22%) Agile Software Development
4 40 (9.69%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 40 (9.69%) ITIL
4 40 (9.69%) Project Management
5 39 (9.44%) Unit Testing
6 38 (9.20%) Computer Science
6 38 (9.20%) ITSM
7 34 (8.23%) Information Security
8 33 (7.99%) Migration
9 31 (7.51%) Load Balancing
9 31 (7.51%) Scrum
9 31 (7.51%) Service Management
10 30 (7.26%) Disaster Recovery
11 29 (7.02%) Configuration Management
11 29 (7.02%) Customer Engagement
11 29 (7.02%) Cybersecurity
11 29 (7.02%) Server Management
12 28 (6.78%) Technical Architecture
Programming Languages
1 84 (20.34%) JavaScript
2 75 (18.16%) PowerShell
3 65 (15.74%) SQL
4 57 (13.80%) Bash Shell
5 56 (13.56%) Python
6 52 (12.59%) Java
7 43 (10.41%) PHP
8 21 (5.08%) Perl
9 16 (3.87%) Java 8
10 12 (2.91%) Kotlin
11 11 (2.66%) C
11 11 (2.66%) TypeScript
12 9 (2.18%) R
12 9 (2.18%) Ruby
13 8 (1.94%) PL/SQL
14 7 (1.69%) T-SQL
14 7 (1.69%) VB
15 6 (1.45%) C#
15 6 (1.45%) CFML
16 5 (1.21%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 56 (13.56%) Degree
2 31 (7.51%) Cisco Certification
3 23 (5.57%) CCNP
4 19 (4.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (4.36%) CCNA
6 16 (3.87%) Security Cleared
7 15 (3.63%) Microsoft Certification
8 12 (2.91%) CEH
8 12 (2.91%) GIAC
9 9 (2.18%) MCSE
9 9 (2.18%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 8 (1.94%) CISSP
10 8 (1.94%) VCP6
11 7 (1.69%) DV Cleared
12 6 (1.45%) CISA
12 6 (1.45%) ISEB
12 6 (1.45%) Linux+ Certification
12 6 (1.45%) Network+ Certification
12 6 (1.45%) SANS
12 6 (1.45%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (7.26%) PCI DSS
2 29 (7.02%) QA
3 16 (3.87%) Accessibility
4 15 (3.63%) GDPR
5 11 (2.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (2.18%) GRC
6 9 (2.18%) NIST
7 8 (1.94%) SLA
8 7 (1.69%) WCAG
9 5 (1.21%) HL7
10 3 (0.73%) Cyber Essentials
10 3 (0.73%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 2 (0.48%) NCSC
System Software
1 108 (26.15%) Active Directory
2 61 (14.77%) VMware Infrastructure
3 50 (12.11%) Hyper-V
4 46 (11.14%) Docker
5 28 (6.78%) vSphere
6 22 (5.33%) Virtual Desktop
7 14 (3.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 14 (3.39%) VMware ESXi
8 11 (2.66%) Virtual Machines
9 10 (2.42%) iptables
10 9 (2.18%) Virtual Servers
11 6 (1.45%) Apache Flume
11 6 (1.45%) XenDesktop
12 5 (1.21%) ProxySG
13 4 (0.97%) Gluster
14 3 (0.73%) Firmware
14 3 (0.73%) Varnish
14 3 (0.73%) Xen
15 2 (0.48%) BitLocker
15 2 (0.48%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 61 (14.77%) Ansible
2 57 (13.80%) Kubernetes
3 43 (10.41%) Terraform
4 36 (8.72%) Puppet
5 23 (5.57%) Opscode Chef
6 20 (4.84%) Microsoft Intune
7 19 (4.60%) HP UCMDB
8 15 (3.63%) Grafana
9 14 (3.39%) Prometheus
9 14 (3.39%) SCCM
10 13 (3.15%) HAProxy
11 11 (2.66%) Failover Clustering
12 9 (2.18%) FortiGate
13 8 (1.94%) ZABBIX
14 7 (1.69%) HP Quality Center
14 7 (1.69%) Single Sign-On
15 6 (1.45%) HP ALM
15 6 (1.45%) Istio
15 6 (1.45%) Oozie
15 6 (1.45%) Rancher
Vendors
1 133 (32.20%) Microsoft
2 84 (20.34%) VMware
3 51 (12.35%) Cisco
4 44 (10.65%) Red Hat
5 37 (8.96%) Oracle
6 35 (8.47%) HP
7 34 (8.23%) Splunk
8 32 (7.75%) ServiceNow
9 27 (6.54%) Palo Alto
10 26 (6.30%) BMC
11 25 (6.05%) Citrix
12 20 (4.84%) Remedy
13 18 (4.36%) SonicWALL
14 17 (4.12%) Aruba
14 17 (4.12%) F5
15 16 (3.87%) Veeam
16 15 (3.63%) CheckPoint
17 13 (3.15%) Google
17 13 (3.15%) Zerto
18 12 (2.91%) Juniper