Period
to 28 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 28 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 131 120 132
Rank change year-on-year -11 +12 -29
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 3,054 4,046 4,489
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.57% 2.73% 2.55%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.63% 9.62% 8.31%
Number of salaries quoted 2,369 3,390 3,557
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £91,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 31,704 42,078 54,025
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.70% 28.40% 30.66%
Number of salaries quoted 25,887 34,585 45,216
Median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,423
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 2,763 £57,500 +8.49% 348
UK excluding London -5 1,634 £47,500 +5.56% 259
London +18 1,376 £67,500 +3.85% 127
South East -21 542 £50,000 -4.76% 74
North of England -2 332 £47,000 +4.44% 67
North West -2 194 £45,000 - 40
East of England +36 189 £55,000 +4.76% 21
Scotland -15 178 £47,500 +5.56% 23
Midlands -1 174 £45,000 +12.50% 30
South West -35 150 £41,500 -7.78% 29
West Midlands +5 132 £45,000 +12.50% 17
Work from Home -49 110 £60,000 +9.09% 17
Yorkshire -17 105 £47,500 +5.56% 14
Wales -4 49 £42,500 - 12
East Midlands -6 42 £45,000 +5.88% 13
North East +17 33 £37,500 +16.28% 13
Northern Ireland +4 21 £37,500 -6.25% 3

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,591 (52.10%) SQL
2 1,197 (39.19%) Agile Software Development
3 1,031 (33.76%) SQL Server
4 982 (32.15%) Java
5 968 (31.70%) RDBMS
6 789 (25.83%) JavaScript
7 737 (24.13%) C#
8 727 (23.80%) AWS
9 718 (23.51%) Python
10 676 (22.13%) Oracle
11 669 (21.91%) .NET
12 655 (21.45%) Software Engineering
13 624 (20.43%) Finance
14 592 (19.38%) HTML
15 543 (17.78%) Degree
16 525 (17.19%) Microsoft
17 523 (17.13%) CSS
18 521 (17.06%) MySQL
19 513 (16.80%) Azure
20 466 (15.26%) Scrum
21 454 (14.87%) Git (software)
22 447 (14.64%) OO
23 441 (14.44%) Linux
24 437 (14.31%) DevOps
25 435 (14.24%) Problem-Solving
25 435 (14.24%) PostgreSQL
26 425 (13.92%) Computer Science
27 411 (13.46%) Docker
28 404 (13.23%) AngularJS
29 382 (12.51%) Spring

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 157 (5.14%) Apache Spark
2 81 (2.65%) Elasticsearch
3 69 (2.26%) Apache
4 66 (2.16%) IIS
5 60 (1.96%) Tomcat
6 52 (1.70%) Confluence
7 47 (1.54%) SAS
8 39 (1.28%) SharePoint
9 30 (0.98%) Apache Airflow
9 30 (0.98%) WebSphere
10 26 (0.85%) JBoss
11 25 (0.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 24 (0.79%) Luigi
13 23 (0.75%) WebLogic
14 22 (0.72%) CMS
15 21 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
15 21 (0.69%) OpenStack
16 20 (0.65%) WebSphere Application Server
17 19 (0.62%) nginx
18 13 (0.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 157 (5.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
3 24 (0.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.26%) SPSS
5 7 (0.23%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.20%) Camtasia
7 5 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
8 4 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.033%) Gephi
9 1 (0.033%) GNU Octave
9 1 (0.033%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 28 (0.92%) Magento
2 15 (0.49%) WebTrends
3 14 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
4 9 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
5 8 (0.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 6 (0.20%) FastStats
6 6 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.13%) NetSuite
7 4 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
8 3 (0.098%) Adobe Campaign
8 3 (0.098%) BusinessWorks
8 3 (0.098%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.098%) SAP Hybris
8 3 (0.098%) SDL Web 8
9 2 (0.065%) SimCorp Dimension
9 2 (0.065%) Unit4 Business World
10 1 (0.033%) Elite 3E
10 1 (0.033%) Oracle EBS
10 1 (0.033%) Oracle Payables
10 1 (0.033%) PolarLake
Cloud Services
1 727 (23.80%) AWS
2 513 (16.80%) Azure
3 174 (5.70%) GCP
4 156 (5.11%) SaaS
5 111 (3.63%) Power Platform
6 94 (3.08%) GitHub
7 74 (2.42%) Amazon EC2
7 74 (2.42%) Amazon S3
8 73 (2.39%) Serverless
9 54 (1.77%) Amazon SQS
10 44 (1.44%) Cloud Computing
11 40 (1.31%) IaaS
12 37 (1.21%) AWS Lambda
13 35 (1.15%) Amazon EMR
14 31 (1.02%) PaaS
15 28 (0.92%) Amazon Kinesis
16 27 (0.88%) OpenShift
17 21 (0.69%) npm
18 18 (0.59%) NuGet
19 16 (0.52%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 62 (2.03%) Internet
2 60 (1.96%) TCP/IP
3 57 (1.87%) HTTP
4 26 (0.85%) Firewall
5 24 (0.79%) VPN
6 19 (0.62%) SAN
7 15 (0.49%) DNS
7 15 (0.49%) MQTT
8 14 (0.46%) NAS
9 12 (0.39%) Network Security
10 11 (0.36%) SSL
11 9 (0.29%) ZigBee
12 8 (0.26%) Intranet
13 7 (0.23%) Extranet
13 7 (0.23%) SMS
14 6 (0.20%) PBX
15 5 (0.16%) DHCP
15 5 (0.16%) Fibre Channel
15 5 (0.16%) iSCSI
16 4 (0.13%) SWIFTNet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,031 (33.76%) SQL Server
2 968 (31.70%) RDBMS
3 521 (17.06%) MySQL
4 435 (14.24%) PostgreSQL
5 370 (12.12%) NoSQL
6 288 (9.43%) Data Warehouse
7 267 (8.74%) Big Data
8 184 (6.02%) MongoDB
9 182 (5.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 171 (5.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 166 (5.44%) Hadoop
12 144 (4.72%) Oracle Database
13 111 (3.63%) Power BI
14 99 (3.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 89 (2.91%) Amazon RDS
16 85 (2.78%) Amazon Redshift
17 78 (2.55%) Redis
18 76 (2.49%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 68 (2.23%) SQL Server 2016
20 64 (2.10%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 454 (14.87%) Git (software)
2 268 (8.78%) Jenkins
3 167 (5.47%) JIRA
4 106 (3.47%) Maven
5 99 (3.24%) Visual Studio
6 95 (3.11%) Selenium
7 90 (2.95%) JUnit
8 76 (2.49%) Team Foundation Server
9 60 (1.96%) TeamCity
10 57 (1.87%) webpack
11 47 (1.54%) Subversion
12 43 (1.41%) Cucumber
13 34 (1.11%) Grunt
14 33 (1.08%) Sonatype Nexus
14 33 (1.08%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
15 31 (1.02%) gulp
15 31 (1.02%) SoapUI
16 29 (0.95%) HP UFT
16 29 (0.95%) LoadRunner
17 28 (0.92%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 624 (20.43%) Finance
2 128 (4.19%) Banking
3 127 (4.16%) Retail
4 68 (2.23%) Marketing
5 59 (1.93%) Public Sector
6 45 (1.47%) Automotive
6 45 (1.47%) Games
7 37 (1.21%) Telecoms
8 35 (1.15%) Legal
9 33 (1.08%) Advertising
9 33 (1.08%) Manufacturing
10 31 (1.02%) Financial Institution
11 28 (0.92%) Law
12 24 (0.79%) Front Office
13 23 (0.75%) Back Office
14 16 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
15 13 (0.43%) Billing
15 13 (0.43%) Electronics
15 13 (0.43%) Investment Banking
15 13 (0.43%) Police
Job Titles
1 1,480 (48.46%) Developer
2 403 (13.20%) Java Developer
3 314 (10.28%) Senior Developer
4 283 (9.27%) Analyst
5 249 (8.15%) C# Developer
5 249 (8.15%) Software Engineer
6 246 (8.06%) Software Developer
7 221 (7.24%) .NET Developer
8 202 (6.61%) Architect
9 163 (5.34%) Junior
10 161 (5.27%) Data Engineer
11 149 (4.88%) Python Developer
12 129 (4.22%) Full Stack Developer
13 127 (4.16%) Junior Developer
14 114 (3.73%) DBA
15 112 (3.67%) PHP Developer
16 110 (3.60%) Lead Developer
17 104 (3.41%) C# .NET Developer
18 103 (3.37%) Data Architect
18 103 (3.37%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 669 (21.91%) .NET
2 592 (19.38%) HTML
3 523 (17.13%) CSS
4 404 (13.23%) AngularJS
5 382 (12.51%) Spring
6 298 (9.76%) ASP.NET
7 296 (9.69%) Web Services
8 294 (9.63%) RESTful
9 278 (9.10%) React
10 266 (8.71%) REST
11 245 (8.02%) XML
12 240 (7.86%) .NET Framework
13 233 (7.63%) Node.js
14 229 (7.50%) HTML5
15 196 (6.42%) JSON
16 194 (6.35%) jQuery
17 163 (5.34%) SOAP
18 161 (5.27%) CSS3
19 160 (5.24%) .NET Core
20 158 (5.17%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 361 (11.82%) Analytical Skills
2 215 (7.04%) User Experience
3 196 (6.42%) Data Structures
4 163 (5.34%) Self-Motivation
5 162 (5.30%) Greenfield Project
6 133 (4.35%) Algorithms
7 107 (3.50%) Management Information System
8 102 (3.34%) Mobile App
9 91 (2.98%) Enterprise Software
10 80 (2.62%) Derivative
11 68 (2.23%) Hedge funds
12 54 (1.77%) Virtual Team
13 51 (1.67%) Replication
14 45 (1.47%) Public Cloud
15 42 (1.38%) Linux Command Line
16 37 (1.21%) Cloud Native
17 35 (1.15%) Pricing Data
18 33 (1.08%) Driving Licence
19 27 (0.88%) Data Centre
20 26 (0.85%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 441 (14.44%) Linux
2 268 (8.78%) Windows
3 213 (6.97%) Unix
4 93 (3.05%) Windows Server
5 40 (1.31%) Android
6 25 (0.82%) Apple iOS
7 21 (0.69%) CentOS
8 20 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 15 (0.49%) Oracle Linux
9 15 (0.49%) Solaris
10 12 (0.39%) Ubuntu
11 11 (0.36%) AIX
12 10 (0.33%) Windows Server 2016
13 8 (0.26%) Windows Mobile
14 7 (0.23%) HPUX
14 7 (0.23%) Mac OS
14 7 (0.23%) Mac OS X
14 7 (0.23%) VMS
14 7 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
15 6 (0.20%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,197 (39.19%) Agile Software Development
2 655 (21.45%) Software Engineering
3 466 (15.26%) Scrum
4 447 (14.64%) OO
5 437 (14.31%) DevOps
6 435 (14.24%) Problem-Solving
7 425 (13.92%) Computer Science
8 378 (12.38%) Microservices
9 357 (11.69%) TDD
10 333 (10.90%) MVC
11 326 (10.67%) Analytics
12 311 (10.18%) Test Automation
13 298 (9.76%) ETL
14 289 (9.46%) Business Intelligence
15 265 (8.68%) Mentoring
16 258 (8.45%) SDLC
17 256 (8.38%) Data Modelling
18 246 (8.06%) Continuous Integration
19 244 (7.99%) Data Science
20 241 (7.89%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,591 (52.10%) SQL
2 982 (32.15%) Java
3 789 (25.83%) JavaScript
4 737 (24.13%) C#
5 718 (23.51%) Python
6 266 (8.71%) PHP
7 258 (8.45%) T-SQL
8 193 (6.32%) C++
9 174 (5.70%) Scala
10 164 (5.37%) R
11 141 (4.62%) PL/SQL
12 134 (4.39%) Java 8
13 122 (3.99%) TypeScript
14 113 (3.70%) C
15 112 (3.67%) VB.NET
16 94 (3.08%) PowerShell
17 89 (2.91%) Ruby
18 87 (2.85%) Bash Shell
19 73 (2.39%) Shell Script
20 71 (2.32%) Perl
Qualifications
1 543 (17.78%) Degree
2 198 (6.48%) Computer Science Degree
3 74 (2.42%) Security Cleared
4 72 (2.36%) Microsoft Certification
5 49 (1.60%) SC Cleared
6 37 (1.21%) PhD
7 35 (1.15%) Master's Degree
8 25 (0.82%) Numerate Degree
9 21 (0.69%) AWS Certification
10 16 (0.52%) Oracle Certification
11 14 (0.46%) DV Cleared
12 11 (0.36%) HND
13 10 (0.33%) ISTQB
14 9 (0.29%) MBA
15 8 (0.26%) DBS Check
15 8 (0.26%) MCP
15 8 (0.26%) MCPD
16 7 (0.23%) MCSD
17 6 (0.20%) ISEB
17 6 (0.20%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 268 (8.78%) QA
2 90 (2.95%) Data Quality
3 67 (2.19%) GDPR
4 56 (1.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 45 (1.47%) SLA
6 32 (1.05%) DICOM
7 29 (0.95%) PMO
8 10 (0.33%) PCI DSS
9 6 (0.20%) HL7
10 5 (0.16%) Actionable Recommendations
10 5 (0.16%) ISO 9001
11 3 (0.098%) CDISC
11 3 (0.098%) COBIT
11 3 (0.098%) NIST
12 2 (0.065%) COSO
12 2 (0.065%) ISO 9000
12 2 (0.065%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 2 (0.065%) PSD2
12 2 (0.065%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 1 (0.033%) Solvency II
System Software
1 411 (13.46%) Docker
2 57 (1.87%) Active Directory
3 44 (1.44%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (0.65%) Apache Flume
5 19 (0.62%) Oracle RAC
6 16 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
7 14 (0.46%) HDFS
8 7 (0.23%) KVM
9 6 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 5 (0.16%) Hyper-V
11 4 (0.13%) GPFS
11 4 (0.13%) IAG
11 4 (0.13%) Lustre
11 4 (0.13%) Slurm Workload Manager
11 4 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
12 3 (0.098%) Oracle Clusterware
13 2 (0.065%) NFS
13 2 (0.065%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.065%) XenApp
14 1 (0.033%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 232 (7.60%) Kubernetes
2 66 (2.16%) Ansible
3 63 (2.06%) Terraform
4 50 (1.64%) Puppet
5 38 (1.24%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (1.02%) Kibana
7 24 (0.79%) Oozie
8 23 (0.75%) Prometheus
9 22 (0.72%) Grafana
10 17 (0.56%) Rancher
11 13 (0.43%) Data Guard
11 13 (0.43%) Oracle RMAN
12 12 (0.39%) ZABBIX
13 10 (0.33%) Istio
13 10 (0.33%) linkerd
13 10 (0.33%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 8 (0.26%) Packer
15 6 (0.20%) HP ALM
15 6 (0.20%) Microsoft Clustering
15 6 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 676 (22.13%) Oracle
2 525 (17.19%) Microsoft
3 161 (5.27%) Google
4 127 (4.16%) Tableau
5 88 (2.88%) Sybase
6 75 (2.46%) IBM
7 55 (1.80%) VMware
8 49 (1.60%) Xamarin
8 49 (1.60%) Zend
9 34 (1.11%) Red Hat
10 30 (0.98%) Cloudera
10 30 (0.98%) WorldPay
11 29 (0.95%) Adobe
12 27 (0.88%) RedGate
13 26 (0.85%) Salesforce.com
13 26 (0.85%) SAP
14 23 (0.75%) Talend
15 22 (0.72%) Databricks
16 20 (0.65%) Atlassian
16 20 (0.65%) InterSystems