Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 114 100 87
Rank change year-on-year -14 -13 +4
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 5078 5589 6946
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.82% 2.94% 3.19%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.32% 9.93% 10.13%
Number of salaries quoted 3739 4444 5498
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £30,750 £30,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 54470 56272 68544
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.24% 29.65% 31.52%
Number of salaries quoted 44832 48097 57738
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,250
90th Percentile £77,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -10 4602 £50,000 - 321
UK excluding London -9 2807 £45,000 +5.88% 209
London -18 2184 £60,000 - 144
South East +29 907 £45,000 - 48
North of England -18 536 £42,500 +6.25% 54
East of England -22 388 £47,000 +4.44% 31
South West +32 329 £40,000 -11.11% 23
Scotland -9 304 £41,750 -1.76% 26
North West -31 290 £45,000 +12.50% 33
Midlands -84 261 £45,000 +12.50% 21
Yorkshire -30 199 £40,000 - 16
West Midlands -75 173 £42,500 +6.25% 12
East Midlands -36 88 £45,000 +5.88% 9
Northern Ireland +10 49 £30,000 -40.00% 3
Wales +3 47 £40,000 -3.03% 3
North East +25 41 £39,480 -6.05% 5

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2677 (52.72%) SQL
2 2146 (42.26%) Agile Software Development
3 2044 (40.25%) Java
4 1789 (35.23%) RDBMS
5 1780 (35.05%) SQL Server
6 1530 (30.13%) JavaScript
7 1466 (28.87%) Finance
8 1361 (26.80%) Oracle
9 1208 (23.79%) HTML
10 1144 (22.53%) .NET
11 1095 (21.56%) Linux
12 1075 (21.17%) C#
13 1049 (20.66%) Degree
14 1013 (19.95%) OO
15 973 (19.16%) CSS
16 961 (18.92%) Microsoft
17 848 (16.70%) Python
18 837 (16.48%) TDD
19 835 (16.44%) Scrum
20 787 (15.50%) MySQL
21 774 (15.24%) Software Engineering
22 771 (15.18%) Git (software)
23 738 (14.53%) Spring
24 732 (14.42%) MVC
25 720 (14.18%) Web Services
26 717 (14.12%) NoSQL
27 715 (14.08%) Business Intelligence
28 681 (13.41%) XML
28 681 (13.41%) SDLC
29 674 (13.27%) Computer Science

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 294 (5.79%) Apache Spark
2 222 (4.37%) Apache
3 178 (3.51%) Tomcat
4 145 (2.86%) Elasticsearch
5 140 (2.76%) JBoss
6 129 (2.54%) Confluence
7 105 (2.07%) WebLogic
8 101 (1.99%) SharePoint
9 97 (1.91%) CMS
9 97 (1.91%) WebSphere
10 94 (1.85%) SAS
11 85 (1.67%) IIS
12 49 (0.96%) nginx
13 43 (0.85%) OpenStack
14 40 (0.79%) Apache Solr
15 38 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 37 (0.73%) Apache Pig
17 31 (0.61%) Ethereum
18 30 (0.59%) Hyperledger
19 22 (0.43%) eris
Applications
1 185 (3.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 106 (2.09%) Microsoft Office
3 61 (1.20%) MS Visio
4 40 (0.79%) SPSS
5 23 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 16 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
7 9 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
8 6 (0.12%) Photoshop
9 5 (0.098%) HipChat
10 4 (0.079%) InfoPath
10 4 (0.079%) SPSS Modeler
11 3 (0.059%) Doxygen
11 3 (0.059%) EngageOne
11 3 (0.059%) GNU Octave
11 3 (0.059%) S-PLUS
11 3 (0.059%) Stata
12 1 (0.020%) MicroStation
12 1 (0.020%) ProjectWise
12 1 (0.020%) Revit
12 1 (0.020%) Weka
Business Applications
1 43 (0.85%) Dynamics CRM
2 41 (0.81%) Magento
3 22 (0.43%) Adobe Campaign
3 22 (0.43%) Oracle EBS
4 16 (0.32%) MetaTrader
5 13 (0.26%) FastStats
5 13 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
6 11 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
6 11 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
6 11 (0.22%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 9 (0.18%) Cognos TM1
7 9 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
8 8 (0.16%) Movex
8 8 (0.16%) PeopleSoft HCM
9 7 (0.14%) Eloqua
9 7 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
10 6 (0.12%) Oracle 11i
10 6 (0.12%) Temenos T24
11 5 (0.098%) Infor M3
11 5 (0.098%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 548 (10.79%) Amazon AWS
2 369 (7.27%) Microsoft Azure
3 205 (4.04%) SaaS
4 138 (2.72%) GitHub
5 102 (2.01%) Google Cloud Platform
6 79 (1.56%) Cloud Computing
7 58 (1.14%) IaaS
8 53 (1.04%) PaaS
9 42 (0.83%) Amazon EC2
10 34 (0.67%) Serverless
11 32 (0.63%) Amazon S3
12 30 (0.59%) npm
13 25 (0.49%) AWS Lambda
14 22 (0.43%) Amazon EMR
15 19 (0.37%) Office 365
16 13 (0.26%) Amazon SQS
16 13 (0.26%) OpenShift
17 12 (0.24%) Loggly
17 12 (0.24%) Sumo Logic
18 11 (0.22%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 226 (4.45%) HTTP
2 122 (2.40%) TCP/IP
3 115 (2.26%) Internet
4 100 (1.97%) SSL
5 58 (1.14%) DNS
6 44 (0.87%) LDAP
7 38 (0.75%) Firewall
8 19 (0.37%) SMTP
9 17 (0.33%) VPN
10 16 (0.32%) Intranet
10 16 (0.32%) SMS
11 15 (0.30%) DHCP
11 15 (0.30%) Network Security
12 14 (0.28%) SAN
13 13 (0.26%) FTP
14 12 (0.24%) HTTPS
15 10 (0.20%) IMAP
16 9 (0.18%) AMQP
16 9 (0.18%) IPsec
16 9 (0.18%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1789 (35.23%) RDBMS
2 1780 (35.05%) SQL Server
3 787 (15.50%) MySQL
4 717 (14.12%) NoSQL
5 557 (10.97%) Big Data
6 473 (9.31%) Data Warehouse
7 459 (9.04%) Hadoop
8 422 (8.31%) PostgreSQL
9 410 (8.07%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 385 (7.58%) Oracle Database
11 353 (6.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 332 (6.54%) MongoDB
13 284 (5.59%) Apache Cassandra
14 201 (3.96%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 180 (3.54%) Redis
16 172 (3.39%) Power BI
17 146 (2.88%) BusinessObjects
18 137 (2.70%) SQL Server 2008
19 124 (2.44%) SQL Server 2012
20 116 (2.28%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 771 (15.18%) Git (software)
2 411 (8.09%) Jenkins
3 359 (7.07%) JIRA
4 312 (6.14%) Subversion
5 293 (5.77%) Maven
6 243 (4.79%) JUnit
7 191 (3.76%) Team Foundation Server
8 181 (3.56%) Visual Studio
9 156 (3.07%) TeamCity
10 144 (2.84%) Selenium
11 120 (2.36%) Mercurial
12 119 (2.34%) Ant
13 109 (2.15%) Cucumber
14 74 (1.46%) Mockito
15 73 (1.44%) Eclipse
16 71 (1.40%) jMock
17 70 (1.38%) Hudson
18 69 (1.36%) NUnit
19 68 (1.34%) Gradle
19 68 (1.34%) Oracle Forms
General
1 1466 (28.87%) Finance
2 522 (10.28%) Banking
3 305 (6.01%) Investment Banking
4 263 (5.18%) Marketing
5 256 (5.04%) Retail Banking
6 243 (4.79%) Retail
7 237 (4.67%) Front Office
8 179 (3.53%) Telecoms
9 133 (2.62%) Manufacturing
10 130 (2.56%) Electronics
11 121 (2.38%) Legal
12 101 (1.99%) Games
13 91 (1.79%) Financial Institution
14 74 (1.46%) Publishing
15 68 (1.34%) Advertising
16 47 (0.93%) Back Office
17 46 (0.91%) Pharmaceutical
18 41 (0.81%) Law
19 33 (0.65%) Automotive
20 22 (0.43%) French Language
Job Titles
1 2719 (53.54%) Developer
2 813 (16.01%) Java Developer
3 521 (10.26%) Senior Developer
4 465 (9.16%) .NET Developer
5 427 (8.41%) C# Developer
6 407 (8.01%) Analyst
7 372 (7.33%) Software Developer
8 348 (6.85%) SQL Developer
9 333 (6.56%) Software Engineer
10 323 (6.36%) Architect
11 278 (5.47%) C# .NET Developer
12 226 (4.45%) Full Stack Developer
13 222 (4.37%) DBA
14 190 (3.74%) Senior Java Developer
15 182 (3.58%) Web Developer
16 176 (3.47%) PHP Developer
17 173 (3.41%) Consultant
18 171 (3.37%) Junior
19 163 (3.21%) JavaScript Developer
20 154 (3.03%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1208 (23.79%) HTML
2 1144 (22.53%) .NET
3 973 (19.16%) CSS
4 738 (14.53%) Spring
5 720 (14.18%) Web Services
6 681 (13.41%) XML
7 611 (12.03%) AngularJS
8 586 (11.54%) jQuery
9 528 (10.40%) ASP.NET
10 509 (10.02%) HTML5
11 498 (9.81%) REST
12 426 (8.39%) Hibernate
13 404 (7.96%) RESTful
14 358 (7.05%) JSON
15 328 (6.46%) CSS3
16 307 (6.05%) Node.js
17 296 (5.83%) J2EE
18 293 (5.77%) .NET Framework
19 275 (5.42%) SOAP
20 228 (4.49%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 674 (13.27%) Computer Science
2 643 (12.66%) Analytical Skills
3 269 (5.30%) Algorithms
4 250 (4.92%) User Experience
5 237 (4.67%) Data Structures
6 205 (4.04%) Enterprise Software
7 186 (3.66%) Fintech
8 151 (2.97%) Management Information System
9 143 (2.82%) Greenfield Project
10 112 (2.21%) Client/Server
11 111 (2.19%) Linux Command Line
11 111 (2.19%) Mobile App
12 83 (1.63%) Data Centre
13 81 (1.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 68 (1.34%) Replication
15 58 (1.14%) Fixed Income
15 58 (1.14%) Life Science
16 51 (1.00%) Reference Data
17 48 (0.95%) Virtual Team
18 47 (0.93%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1095 (21.56%) Linux
2 617 (12.15%) Unix
3 583 (11.48%) Windows
4 109 (2.15%) Android
4 109 (2.15%) Windows Server
5 80 (1.58%) Apple iOS
6 78 (1.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 75 (1.48%) Solaris
8 48 (0.95%) Windows Server 2008
9 35 (0.69%) Debian
10 32 (0.63%) Windows Server 2012
11 24 (0.47%) AIX
11 24 (0.47%) Mac OS X
12 23 (0.45%) Ubuntu
13 19 (0.37%) Windows 10
13 19 (0.37%) Windows 7
14 15 (0.30%) Mac OS
14 15 (0.30%) VMS
15 13 (0.26%) CentOS
16 12 (0.24%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2146 (42.26%) Agile Software Development
2 1013 (19.95%) OO
3 837 (16.48%) TDD
4 835 (16.44%) Scrum
5 774 (15.24%) Software Engineering
6 732 (14.42%) MVC
7 715 (14.08%) Business Intelligence
8 681 (13.41%) SDLC
9 536 (10.56%) Test Automation
10 520 (10.24%) Continuous Integration
11 514 (10.12%) BDD
12 494 (9.73%) DevOps
13 486 (9.57%) Analytics
14 465 (9.16%) Web Development
15 447 (8.80%) ETL
16 439 (8.65%) Data Modelling
17 434 (8.55%) Microservices
18 407 (8.01%) Open Source
19 395 (7.78%) Unit Testing
20 391 (7.70%) OOD
Programming Languages
1 2677 (52.72%) SQL
2 2044 (40.25%) Java
3 1530 (30.13%) JavaScript
4 1075 (21.17%) C#
5 848 (16.70%) Python
6 466 (9.18%) T-SQL
7 374 (7.37%) PHP
8 361 (7.11%) C++
9 265 (5.22%) Scala
10 246 (4.84%) C
10 246 (4.84%) PL/SQL
11 239 (4.71%) Ruby
12 170 (3.35%) Shell Script
13 168 (3.31%) Perl
14 152 (2.99%) Go
14 152 (2.99%) PowerShell
15 145 (2.86%) Bash Shell
16 143 (2.82%) VB.NET
17 117 (2.30%) Groovy
18 115 (2.26%) VB
Qualifications
1 1049 (20.66%) Degree
2 330 (6.50%) Computer Science Degree
3 129 (2.54%) Security Cleared
4 93 (1.83%) Master's Degree
5 81 (1.60%) Microsoft Certification
6 48 (0.95%) SC Cleared
7 43 (0.85%) Numerate Degree
8 38 (0.75%) PhD
9 37 (0.73%) DV Cleared
10 33 (0.65%) ISTQB
11 31 (0.61%) MCTS
12 20 (0.39%) MCITP
13 19 (0.37%) RHCE
14 18 (0.35%) ISEB
15 17 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 17 (0.33%) Oracle Certification
16 16 (0.32%) CISSP
16 16 (0.32%) MCSD
17 14 (0.28%) HND
17 14 (0.28%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 375 (7.38%) QA
2 108 (2.13%) Data Quality
3 49 (0.96%) SLA
4 41 (0.81%) PCI DSS
5 25 (0.49%) GDPR
6 21 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 20 (0.39%) GCP
8 10 (0.20%) GAAP
9 9 (0.18%) Solvency II
10 7 (0.14%) COBIT
10 7 (0.14%) PMO
11 6 (0.12%) MiFID
12 5 (0.098%) ISO 20022
13 4 (0.079%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 4 (0.079%) ISO 9001
13 4 (0.079%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 3 (0.059%) ISO 15022
14 3 (0.059%) WAI
15 2 (0.039%) IFRS
15 2 (0.039%) SEPA
System Software
1 282 (5.55%) Docker
2 124 (2.44%) Active Directory
3 76 (1.50%) Oracle RAC
4 50 (0.98%) VMware Infrastructure
5 43 (0.85%) HDFS
6 25 (0.49%) Apache Flume
7 21 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
8 14 (0.28%) Hyper-V
9 10 (0.20%) VirtualBox
10 9 (0.18%) KVM
10 9 (0.18%) Xen
11 8 (0.16%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 7 (0.14%) XenApp
13 6 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
14 5 (0.098%) LXC
14 5 (0.098%) MetaFrame
14 5 (0.098%) Samba
15 4 (0.079%) iptables
15 4 (0.079%) Virtual Servers
16 2 (0.039%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 206 (4.06%) Puppet
2 178 (3.51%) Ansible
3 172 (3.39%) Opscode Chef
4 87 (1.71%) Kubernetes
5 48 (0.95%) Data Guard
6 41 (0.81%) Oracle RMAN
7 40 (0.79%) Mesos
8 37 (0.73%) Oozie
9 34 (0.67%) Nagios
10 31 (0.61%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 28 (0.55%) ZABBIX
12 27 (0.53%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
13 25 (0.49%) Salt
13 25 (0.49%) Terraform
14 21 (0.41%) Kibana
15 19 (0.37%) Marathon
16 18 (0.35%) Grafana
17 13 (0.26%) Hadoop YARN
17 13 (0.26%) logstash
18 11 (0.22%) Control-M
Vendors
1 1361 (26.80%) Oracle
2 961 (18.92%) Microsoft
3 204 (4.02%) SAP
4 137 (2.70%) Google
5 136 (2.68%) Sybase
6 122 (2.40%) Tableau
7 97 (1.91%) Informatica
8 82 (1.61%) IBM
8 82 (1.61%) MicroStrategy
9 79 (1.56%) Red Hat
10 71 (1.40%) VMware
11 68 (1.34%) Perforce
12 65 (1.28%) Zend
13 64 (1.26%) Splunk
14 53 (1.04%) Atlassian
14 53 (1.04%) Cognos
14 53 (1.04%) TIBCO
15 51 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
16 45 (0.89%) Cloudera
17 44 (0.87%) GoldenSource