Period
to 24 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 24 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
24 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 104 96 94
Rank change year-on-year -8 -2 -10
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 5352 5791 6724
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.05% 2.95% 3.11%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.91% 9.84% 9.78%
Number of salaries quoted 4060 4616 5299
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.53% +3.33%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £44,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 54006 58867 68752
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.73% 29.98% 31.75%
Number of salaries quoted 44752 50278 58002
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 24 August 2017.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 24 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 4751 £50,000 - 323
UK excluding London +6 2993 £44,000 +3.53% 216
London -5 2278 £60,000 - 136
South East +22 871 £45,000 -5.26% 49
North of England -19 569 £42,500 +6.25% 60
Scotland +17 431 £48,500 +21.25% 21
East of England -15 382 £47,000 +17.50% 23
South West +28 370 £40,000 -5.88% 34
North West -26 321 £43,500 +8.75% 34
Midlands -47 288 £44,000 +10.00% 21
Yorkshire 0 212 £40,000 - 20
West Midlands -52 185 £45,000 +12.50% 12
East Midlands -20 103 £40,000 -5.88% 9
Wales -2 54 £40,000 +3.90% 5
Northern Ireland +14 46 £46,250 +2.78% 3
North East +17 35 £38,959 -17.98% 6

For the 6 months to 24 August 2017, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2741 (51.21%) SQL
2 2255 (42.13%) Agile Software Development
3 2220 (41.48%) Java
4 2044 (38.19%) RDBMS
5 1930 (36.06%) SQL Server
6 1484 (27.73%) JavaScript
7 1445 (27.00%) Finance
8 1425 (26.63%) Oracle
9 1282 (23.95%) .NET
10 1187 (22.18%) C#
11 1157 (21.62%) HTML
12 1155 (21.58%) Degree
13 1098 (20.52%) OO
14 1081 (20.20%) Linux
15 1020 (19.06%) Microsoft
16 993 (18.55%) CSS
17 908 (16.97%) Scrum
18 876 (16.37%) TDD
19 871 (16.27%) Web Services
20 863 (16.12%) MySQL
21 845 (15.79%) Spring
22 839 (15.68%) Python
23 836 (15.62%) NoSQL
24 809 (15.12%) MVC
25 797 (14.89%) Git (software)
26 788 (14.72%) Software Engineering
27 784 (14.65%) Business Intelligence
28 708 (13.23%) XML
29 691 (12.91%) Analytical Skills
30 684 (12.78%) Computer Science

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 271 (5.06%) Apache Spark
2 221 (4.13%) Apache
3 217 (4.05%) Tomcat
4 177 (3.31%) JBoss
5 128 (2.39%) CMS
5 128 (2.39%) Elasticsearch
6 126 (2.35%) Confluence
7 111 (2.07%) WebSphere
8 110 (2.06%) WebLogic
9 105 (1.96%) SharePoint
10 92 (1.72%) IIS
10 92 (1.72%) SAS
11 63 (1.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 52 (0.97%) Apache Solr
13 44 (0.82%) nginx
14 41 (0.77%) Apache Pig
14 41 (0.77%) OpenStack
15 29 (0.54%) BizTalk Server
16 27 (0.50%) Ethereum
17 26 (0.49%) Hyperledger
Applications
1 171 (3.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 102 (1.91%) Microsoft Office
3 44 (0.82%) SPSS
4 34 (0.64%) MS Visio
5 27 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 21 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
7 11 (0.21%) HipChat
8 10 (0.19%) Photoshop
9 9 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
10 7 (0.13%) Stata
11 5 (0.093%) S-PLUS
12 4 (0.075%) Pipeline Pilot
13 3 (0.056%) SPSS Modeler
13 3 (0.056%) Weka
14 2 (0.037%) InfoPath
15 1 (0.019%) EngageOne
15 1 (0.019%) Fireworks
15 1 (0.019%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 46 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
2 32 (0.60%) Adobe Campaign
3 29 (0.54%) Eloqua
4 28 (0.52%) Oracle EBS
5 27 (0.50%) Magento
6 21 (0.39%) FastStats
7 14 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
8 11 (0.21%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 11 (0.21%) Temenos T24
9 10 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
9 10 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
10 9 (0.17%) MetaTrader
10 9 (0.17%) Unica
11 8 (0.15%) Movex
11 8 (0.15%) Oracle EBS R12
12 7 (0.13%) HFM
12 7 (0.13%) Hyperion Enterprise
12 7 (0.13%) Hyperion Planning
12 7 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
13 6 (0.11%) Oracle Utilities
Cloud Services
1 501 (9.36%) Amazon AWS
2 365 (6.82%) Microsoft Azure
3 206 (3.85%) SaaS
4 136 (2.54%) GitHub
5 87 (1.63%) Google Cloud Platform
6 85 (1.59%) Amazon EC2
7 64 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
8 51 (0.95%) IaaS
9 49 (0.92%) PaaS
10 25 (0.47%) Amazon S3
11 24 (0.45%) AWS OpsWorks
12 21 (0.39%) AWS Lambda
13 15 (0.28%) Firebase
14 14 (0.26%) Amazon EMR
14 14 (0.26%) Office 365
15 13 (0.24%) Amazon Kinesis
16 12 (0.22%) Amazon SQS
17 11 (0.21%) Amazon ELB
17 11 (0.21%) Loggly
17 11 (0.21%) Sumo Logic
Communications & Networking
1 178 (3.33%) HTTP
2 117 (2.19%) TCP/IP
3 107 (2.00%) Internet
4 87 (1.63%) SSL
5 86 (1.61%) DNS
6 43 (0.80%) Firewall
7 40 (0.75%) LDAP
8 23 (0.43%) SAN
8 23 (0.43%) SMTP
9 21 (0.39%) FTP
10 18 (0.34%) Ethernet
11 17 (0.32%) RS-232
12 15 (0.28%) Network Security
13 14 (0.26%) DHCP
14 12 (0.22%) IMAP
14 12 (0.22%) NAS
14 12 (0.22%) SMS
15 11 (0.21%) SSH
16 10 (0.19%) Broadband
16 10 (0.19%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2044 (38.19%) RDBMS
2 1930 (36.06%) SQL Server
3 863 (16.12%) MySQL
4 836 (15.62%) NoSQL
5 602 (11.25%) Big Data
6 554 (10.35%) Data Warehouse
7 492 (9.19%) Hadoop
8 474 (8.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 467 (8.73%) PostgreSQL
10 389 (7.27%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 382 (7.14%) MongoDB
12 360 (6.73%) Oracle Database
13 313 (5.85%) Apache Cassandra
14 273 (5.10%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 174 (3.25%) Power BI
16 166 (3.10%) Redis
17 160 (2.99%) SQL Server 2012
18 133 (2.49%) SQL Server 2008
19 132 (2.47%) OLAP
20 121 (2.26%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 797 (14.89%) Git (software)
2 421 (7.87%) Jenkins
3 391 (7.31%) Subversion
4 334 (6.24%) JIRA
5 321 (6.00%) Maven
6 249 (4.65%) Visual Studio
7 239 (4.47%) JUnit
8 226 (4.22%) Team Foundation Server
9 182 (3.40%) TeamCity
10 161 (3.01%) Ant
11 155 (2.90%) Selenium
12 125 (2.34%) Mercurial
13 109 (2.04%) NUnit
14 106 (1.98%) Cucumber
15 92 (1.72%) Hudson
16 91 (1.70%) jMock
17 90 (1.68%) Gradle
18 81 (1.51%) Eclipse
19 76 (1.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 73 (1.36%) EasyMock
General
1 1445 (27.00%) Finance
2 539 (10.07%) Banking
3 459 (8.58%) Retail
4 351 (6.56%) Marketing
5 304 (5.68%) Investment Banking
6 222 (4.15%) Retail Banking
7 213 (3.98%) Front Office
8 208 (3.89%) Telecoms
9 174 (3.25%) Manufacturing
10 161 (3.01%) Electronics
11 150 (2.80%) Legal
12 123 (2.30%) Games
13 76 (1.42%) Advertising
14 62 (1.16%) Financial Institution
15 55 (1.03%) Publishing
16 40 (0.75%) Back Office
17 38 (0.71%) Automotive
17 38 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
18 35 (0.65%) Law
19 21 (0.39%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2894 (54.07%) Developer
2 973 (18.18%) Java Developer
3 580 (10.84%) Senior Developer
4 544 (10.16%) .NET Developer
5 453 (8.46%) C# Developer
6 417 (7.79%) Analyst
6 417 (7.79%) Architect
7 409 (7.64%) Software Developer
8 357 (6.67%) SQL Developer
9 343 (6.41%) C# .NET Developer
10 310 (5.79%) Software Engineer
11 252 (4.71%) Senior Java Developer
12 243 (4.54%) DBA
13 189 (3.53%) Consultant
14 184 (3.44%) PHP Developer
15 181 (3.38%) ASP.NET Developer
16 179 (3.34%) Web Developer
17 171 (3.20%) Lead Developer
18 166 (3.10%) Full Stack Developer
19 151 (2.82%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1282 (23.95%) .NET
2 1157 (21.62%) HTML
3 993 (18.55%) CSS
4 871 (16.27%) Web Services
5 845 (15.79%) Spring
6 708 (13.23%) XML
7 641 (11.98%) ASP.NET
8 627 (11.72%) jQuery
9 566 (10.58%) REST
10 559 (10.44%) AngularJS
11 509 (9.51%) Hibernate
12 475 (8.88%) HTML5
13 419 (7.83%) JSON
14 385 (7.19%) RESTful
15 357 (6.67%) SOAP
16 340 (6.35%) .NET Framework
17 325 (6.07%) J2EE
18 321 (6.00%) ASP.NET MVC
19 317 (5.92%) CSS3
20 279 (5.21%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 691 (12.91%) Analytical Skills
2 684 (12.78%) Computer Science
3 252 (4.71%) Algorithms
4 247 (4.62%) Data Structures
5 241 (4.50%) User Experience
6 214 (4.00%) Enterprise Software
7 189 (3.53%) Management Information System
8 162 (3.03%) Greenfield Project
9 156 (2.91%) Fintech
10 116 (2.17%) Mobile App
11 112 (2.09%) Linux Command Line
12 99 (1.85%) Replication
13 98 (1.83%) Client/Server
14 93 (1.74%) Derivative
15 80 (1.49%) Data Centre
16 73 (1.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 61 (1.14%) Clustering
17 61 (1.14%) Fixed Income
18 58 (1.08%) Virtual Team
19 57 (1.07%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1081 (20.20%) Linux
2 679 (12.69%) Windows
3 613 (11.45%) Unix
4 134 (2.50%) Windows Server
5 92 (1.72%) Android
6 72 (1.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 66 (1.23%) Apple iOS
8 64 (1.20%) Solaris
9 47 (0.88%) Windows Server 2008
10 32 (0.60%) AIX
11 29 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
12 26 (0.49%) Mac OS X
13 22 (0.41%) CentOS
13 22 (0.41%) Debian
14 21 (0.39%) Ubuntu
15 17 (0.32%) VMS
16 16 (0.30%) Mac OS
17 15 (0.28%) Windows Embedded Compact
18 11 (0.21%) Windows 7
19 10 (0.19%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2255 (42.13%) Agile Software Development
2 1098 (20.52%) OO
3 908 (16.97%) Scrum
4 876 (16.37%) TDD
5 809 (15.12%) MVC
6 788 (14.72%) Software Engineering
7 784 (14.65%) Business Intelligence
8 653 (12.20%) SDLC
9 566 (10.58%) Continuous Integration
10 549 (10.26%) ETL
11 505 (9.44%) Test Automation
12 497 (9.29%) Web Development
13 484 (9.04%) Analytics
14 471 (8.80%) Unit Testing
15 462 (8.63%) DevOps
16 431 (8.05%) Microservices
17 423 (7.90%) BDD
18 412 (7.70%) Open Source
19 404 (7.55%) Data Modelling
20 371 (6.93%) OOD
Programming Languages
1 2741 (51.21%) SQL
2 2220 (41.48%) Java
3 1484 (27.73%) JavaScript
4 1187 (22.18%) C#
5 839 (15.68%) Python
6 476 (8.89%) T-SQL
7 387 (7.23%) PHP
8 361 (6.75%) C++
9 345 (6.45%) PL/SQL
10 272 (5.08%) Ruby
11 264 (4.93%) Scala
12 221 (4.13%) Perl
13 200 (3.74%) Shell Script
14 196 (3.66%) C
15 157 (2.93%) VB.NET
16 145 (2.71%) PowerShell
17 131 (2.45%) Go
18 128 (2.39%) R
19 125 (2.34%) VB
20 118 (2.20%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1155 (21.58%) Degree
2 340 (6.35%) Computer Science Degree
3 137 (2.56%) Security Cleared
4 108 (2.02%) Master's Degree
5 94 (1.76%) Microsoft Certification
6 45 (0.84%) PhD
7 42 (0.78%) SC Cleared
8 41 (0.77%) ISEB
8 41 (0.77%) ISTQB
9 35 (0.65%) Numerate Degree
10 33 (0.62%) DV Cleared
11 30 (0.56%) MCTS
12 25 (0.47%) MCITP
13 20 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 18 (0.34%) MySQL Certification
15 17 (0.32%) PMI Certification
16 16 (0.30%) CCNA
16 16 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
16 16 (0.30%) Oracle Certification
16 16 (0.30%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 367 (6.86%) QA
2 127 (2.37%) Data Quality
3 63 (1.18%) PCI DSS
4 47 (0.88%) SLA
5 41 (0.77%) GDPR
6 23 (0.43%) MiFID
7 16 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 14 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 13 (0.24%) ISO 20022
10 8 (0.15%) GAAP
11 7 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
11 7 (0.13%) EMIR
11 7 (0.13%) GCP
11 7 (0.13%) ISO 15022
11 7 (0.13%) Solvency II
12 6 (0.11%) ISO 9001
12 6 (0.11%) PMO
12 6 (0.11%) WAI
13 5 (0.093%) WCAG
14 4 (0.075%) COBIT
System Software
1 221 (4.13%) Docker
2 120 (2.24%) Active Directory
3 78 (1.46%) Oracle RAC
4 53 (0.99%) VMware Infrastructure
5 41 (0.77%) HDFS
6 28 (0.52%) Apache Flume
7 23 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
8 16 (0.30%) Hyper-V
9 10 (0.19%) LXC
9 10 (0.19%) XenApp
10 8 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
11 7 (0.13%) iptables
11 7 (0.13%) MetaFrame
11 7 (0.13%) Xen
11 7 (0.13%) XenServer
12 6 (0.11%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 5 (0.093%) Microsoft App-V
13 5 (0.093%) VirtualBox
14 4 (0.075%) OpenAM
14 4 (0.075%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 202 (3.77%) Puppet
2 171 (3.20%) Opscode Chef
3 158 (2.95%) Ansible
4 57 (1.07%) Oracle RMAN
5 52 (0.97%) Data Guard
6 50 (0.93%) Mesos
7 46 (0.86%) Kubernetes
8 36 (0.67%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 35 (0.65%) Nagios
10 30 (0.56%) ZABBIX
11 28 (0.52%) Oozie
12 27 (0.50%) Kibana
12 27 (0.50%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
13 25 (0.47%) Salt
14 18 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
15 16 (0.30%) Grafana
16 15 (0.28%) Marathon
16 15 (0.28%) Terraform
17 14 (0.26%) logstash
18 13 (0.24%) Control-M
Vendors
1 1425 (26.63%) Oracle
2 1020 (19.06%) Microsoft
3 261 (4.88%) SAP
4 171 (3.20%) Sybase
5 170 (3.18%) Tableau
6 135 (2.52%) Google
7 108 (2.02%) IBM
7 108 (2.02%) Informatica
8 85 (1.59%) VMware
9 81 (1.51%) Perforce
10 72 (1.35%) MicroStrategy
10 72 (1.35%) Red Hat
11 69 (1.29%) Salesforce.com
12 61 (1.14%) Splunk
13 58 (1.08%) TIBCO
14 55 (1.03%) Zend
15 53 (0.99%) Cognizant
16 50 (0.93%) CA Agile Central
17 49 (0.92%) Cognos
18 46 (0.86%) Teradata