Period
to 20 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 121 128 102
Rank change year-on-year +7 -26 -14
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 4,205 4,616 5,162
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.78% 2.61% 2.95%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.71% 8.52% 9.85%
Number of salaries quoted 3,342 3,485 4,140
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,175 £30,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 43,312 54,202 52,424
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.61% 30.66% 30.00%
Number of salaries quoted 35,589 45,124 44,771
UK median annual salary £52,095 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.41% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,685
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.66%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 3,760 £52,500 +5.00% 674
UK excluding London +14 2,368 £45,000 - 474
London +5 1,741 £62,500 +4.17% 275
South East +19 811 £52,500 +16.67% 146
North of England +46 475 £45,000 - 98
Scotland +14 290 £45,000 +5.88% 49
Midlands +37 284 £42,500 -4.49% 62
North West +40 266 £47,500 +5.56% 48
East of England -35 240 £50,000 +5.26% 42
South West -13 232 £42,500 +6.25% 51
West Midlands +53 195 £42,500 +2.41% 46
Yorkshire +71 192 £42,750 +6.88% 43
East Midlands +18 89 £42,500 -10.53% 16
Wales 0 34 £42,500 +6.25% 17
Northern Ireland -29 30 £40,000 +3.23% 9
North East +16 17 £35,500 -0.53% 7
Isle of Man - 3 - -

For the 6 months to 20 February 2019, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2,384 (56.69%) SQL
2 1,603 (38.12%) Agile Software Development
3 1,537 (36.55%) SQL Server
4 1,516 (36.05%) Java
5 1,344 (31.96%) RDBMS
6 1,220 (29.01%) Oracle
7 1,218 (28.97%) JavaScript
8 1,028 (24.45%) Finance
9 983 (23.38%) C#
10 967 (23.00%) HTML
11 958 (22.78%) Microsoft
12 936 (22.26%) .NET
13 925 (22.00%) Python
14 845 (20.10%) Linux
15 809 (19.24%) MySQL
16 797 (18.95%) Amazon AWS
17 769 (18.29%) CSS
18 742 (17.65%) OO
19 687 (16.34%) Degree
20 683 (16.24%) NoSQL
21 663 (15.77%) Git (software)
22 626 (14.89%) Software Engineering
23 613 (14.58%) Microsoft Azure
24 598 (14.22%) Web Services
25 597 (14.20%) AngularJS
26 584 (13.89%) PostgreSQL
27 580 (13.79%) Spring
28 553 (13.15%) Business Intelligence
29 541 (12.87%) MVC
30 535 (12.72%) TDD

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 152 (3.61%) Apache
2 144 (3.42%) Apache Spark
3 141 (3.35%) Tomcat
4 121 (2.88%) WebSphere
5 107 (2.54%) Elasticsearch
5 107 (2.54%) SharePoint
6 102 (2.43%) IIS
7 100 (2.38%) JBoss
8 76 (1.81%) WebLogic
9 73 (1.74%) CMS
10 69 (1.64%) Confluence
11 53 (1.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 44 (1.05%) nginx
13 43 (1.02%) SAS
14 38 (0.90%) MQSeries
15 33 (0.78%) Apache Pig
16 32 (0.76%) Apache Solr
16 32 (0.76%) GlassFish
17 23 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 23 (0.55%) OpenStack
Applications
1 182 (4.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 93 (2.21%) Microsoft Office
3 45 (1.07%) MS Visio
4 18 (0.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
6 13 (0.31%) Photoshop
6 13 (0.31%) Weka
7 12 (0.29%) SPSS
8 8 (0.19%) Stata
9 6 (0.14%) HipChat
10 5 (0.12%) AutoCAD
10 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
11 4 (0.095%) Chatbot
12 3 (0.071%) S-PLUS
13 2 (0.048%) ArchiCAD
13 2 (0.048%) GNU Octave
13 2 (0.048%) MicroStation
13 2 (0.048%) Revit
14 1 (0.024%) Adobe Illustrator
14 1 (0.024%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 59 (1.40%) Dynamics CRM
2 51 (1.21%) Magento
3 30 (0.71%) SAP Hybris
4 27 (0.64%) Dynamics AX
5 24 (0.57%) Oracle EBS
6 23 (0.55%) Oracle EBS R12
7 19 (0.45%) Oracle Applications
7 19 (0.45%) SDL Web 8
8 17 (0.40%) Oracle 11i
9 16 (0.38%) SAP ERP
10 11 (0.26%) NetSuite
11 10 (0.24%) Movex
12 8 (0.19%) Cognos Business Intelligence
12 8 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
13 7 (0.17%) osCommerce
14 6 (0.14%) Cognos TM1
14 6 (0.14%) Markit EDM
14 6 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
14 6 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
15 5 (0.12%) MetaTrader
Cloud Services
1 797 (18.95%) Amazon AWS
2 613 (14.58%) Microsoft Azure
3 233 (5.54%) SaaS
4 131 (3.12%) GitHub
5 112 (2.66%) Serverless
6 111 (2.64%) Google Cloud Platform
7 97 (2.31%) PaaS
8 85 (2.02%) Amazon S3
9 77 (1.83%) IaaS
10 75 (1.78%) AWS Lambda
10 75 (1.78%) Cloud Computing
11 63 (1.50%) Office 365
12 62 (1.47%) Amazon EC2
13 45 (1.07%) OpenShift
14 37 (0.88%) Amazon EMR
15 34 (0.81%) Amazon SQS
16 33 (0.78%) Amazon Kinesis
17 29 (0.69%) Dynamics 365
17 29 (0.69%) npm
18 26 (0.62%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 145 (3.45%) HTTP
2 127 (3.02%) Internet
3 58 (1.38%) TCP/IP
4 50 (1.19%) DNS
5 42 (1.00%) SSL
6 33 (0.78%) Firewall
7 31 (0.74%) Network Security
8 28 (0.67%) VPN
9 20 (0.48%) SAN
10 19 (0.45%) DHCP
11 16 (0.38%) AMQP
12 15 (0.36%) HTTPS
12 15 (0.36%) Skype
13 14 (0.33%) NAS
14 11 (0.26%) VLAN
14 11 (0.26%) VoIP
14 11 (0.26%) Wi-Fi
15 10 (0.24%) BIG-IP
15 10 (0.24%) SMTP
16 9 (0.21%) CTI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,537 (36.55%) SQL Server
2 1,344 (31.96%) RDBMS
3 809 (19.24%) MySQL
4 683 (16.24%) NoSQL
5 584 (13.89%) PostgreSQL
6 455 (10.82%) Data Warehouse
7 394 (9.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 366 (8.70%) Big Data
9 350 (8.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 339 (8.06%) MongoDB
11 249 (5.92%) Oracle Database
12 248 (5.90%) Hadoop
13 197 (4.68%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 189 (4.49%) Power BI
15 156 (3.71%) Apache Cassandra
16 137 (3.26%) SQL Server 2008
17 111 (2.64%) SQL Server 2012
18 106 (2.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 103 (2.45%) SQL Server 2014
19 103 (2.45%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 663 (15.77%) Git (software)
2 304 (7.23%) Jenkins
3 227 (5.40%) Maven
4 170 (4.04%) Subversion
5 160 (3.80%) JIRA
6 143 (3.40%) Selenium
7 139 (3.31%) Visual Studio
8 132 (3.14%) JUnit
9 92 (2.19%) Ant
10 86 (2.05%) Cucumber
11 84 (2.00%) Team Foundation Server
12 83 (1.97%) Gradle
13 74 (1.76%) Eclipse
14 69 (1.64%) TeamCity
15 52 (1.24%) NUnit
16 45 (1.07%) Visual Studio Team System
17 44 (1.05%) webpack
18 39 (0.93%) GitLab
19 38 (0.90%) SonarQube
19 38 (0.90%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 1,028 (24.45%) Finance
2 331 (7.87%) Banking
3 232 (5.52%) Marketing
4 224 (5.33%) Retail
5 77 (1.83%) Financial Institution
6 69 (1.64%) Front Office
7 65 (1.55%) Investment Banking
8 64 (1.52%) Legal
8 64 (1.52%) Manufacturing
9 63 (1.50%) Advertising
10 62 (1.47%) Telecoms
11 58 (1.38%) German Language
12 53 (1.26%) French Language
13 47 (1.12%) Electronics
13 47 (1.12%) Games
14 44 (1.05%) Law
15 43 (1.02%) Back Office
16 27 (0.64%) Automotive
17 23 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
18 19 (0.45%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,117 (50.34%) Developer
2 636 (15.12%) Java Developer
3 459 (10.92%) Senior Developer
4 413 (9.82%) Analyst
5 366 (8.70%) C# Developer
6 331 (7.87%) Architect
7 313 (7.44%) Software Developer
8 308 (7.32%) .NET Developer
9 232 (5.52%) SQL Developer
10 224 (5.33%) Software Engineer
11 214 (5.09%) DBA
12 183 (4.35%) C# .NET Developer
13 177 (4.21%) Python Developer
14 161 (3.83%) Full Stack Developer
15 160 (3.80%) Consultant
16 151 (3.59%) Junior
17 142 (3.38%) Senior Java Developer
18 139 (3.31%) Administrator
19 138 (3.28%) Data Engineer
20 132 (3.14%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 967 (23.00%) HTML
2 936 (22.26%) .NET
3 769 (18.29%) CSS
4 598 (14.22%) Web Services
5 597 (14.20%) AngularJS
6 580 (13.79%) Spring
7 465 (11.06%) XML
8 444 (10.56%) ASP.NET
9 411 (9.77%) REST
10 350 (8.32%) RESTful
11 324 (7.71%) jQuery
12 291 (6.92%) HTML5
13 287 (6.83%) JSON
14 276 (6.56%) Hibernate
15 269 (6.40%) Node.js
16 267 (6.35%) SOAP
17 252 (5.99%) .NET Framework
18 244 (5.80%) React
19 217 (5.16%) ASP.NET Web API
19 217 (5.16%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 430 (10.23%) Analytical Skills
2 254 (6.04%) Fintech
3 204 (4.85%) User Experience
4 203 (4.83%) Enterprise Software
5 199 (4.73%) Data Structures
6 188 (4.47%) Algorithms
7 169 (4.02%) Greenfield Project
8 160 (3.80%) Self-Motivation
9 110 (2.62%) Management Information System
10 95 (2.26%) Mobile App
11 91 (2.16%) Derivative
12 87 (2.07%) Virtual Team
13 83 (1.97%) Replication
14 71 (1.69%) Linux Command Line
15 65 (1.55%) Hedge funds
16 62 (1.47%) Clustering
17 59 (1.40%) Cloud Native
18 42 (1.00%) Reinsurance
19 37 (0.88%) Public Cloud
20 34 (0.81%) Analytical Mindset
Operating Systems
1 845 (20.10%) Linux
2 505 (12.01%) Windows
3 457 (10.87%) Unix
4 110 (2.62%) Windows Server
5 91 (2.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 89 (2.12%) Android
7 84 (2.00%) Apple iOS
8 58 (1.38%) CentOS
9 43 (1.02%) AIX
10 37 (0.88%) Solaris
11 34 (0.81%) Ubuntu
11 34 (0.81%) Windows Server 2012
12 26 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
13 17 (0.40%) DC/OS
13 17 (0.40%) Mesosphere
14 11 (0.26%) CoreOS
15 10 (0.24%) Debian
15 10 (0.24%) Windows 10
16 7 (0.17%) Windows NT
17 6 (0.14%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,603 (38.12%) Agile Software Development
2 742 (17.65%) OO
3 626 (14.89%) Software Engineering
4 553 (13.15%) Business Intelligence
5 541 (12.87%) MVC
6 535 (12.72%) TDD
7 523 (12.44%) Scrum
8 522 (12.41%) Continuous Integration
9 509 (12.10%) Computer Science
10 495 (11.77%) DevOps
11 485 (11.53%) ETL
12 482 (11.46%) Problem-Solving
13 469 (11.15%) Test Automation
14 439 (10.44%) Analytics
15 421 (10.01%) Microservices
16 346 (8.23%) Data Modelling
17 343 (8.16%) SDLC
18 296 (7.04%) OOP
19 292 (6.94%) BDD
20 290 (6.90%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,384 (56.69%) SQL
2 1,516 (36.05%) Java
3 1,218 (28.97%) JavaScript
4 983 (23.38%) C#
5 925 (22.00%) Python
6 377 (8.97%) T-SQL
7 300 (7.13%) C++
8 298 (7.09%) PL/SQL
9 277 (6.59%) PHP
10 191 (4.54%) Ruby
11 180 (4.28%) PowerShell
12 168 (4.00%) Shell Script
13 161 (3.83%) Java 8
14 156 (3.71%) Scala
15 150 (3.57%) C
16 143 (3.40%) R
17 141 (3.35%) TypeScript
18 105 (2.50%) Perl
19 100 (2.38%) Go
20 96 (2.28%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 687 (16.34%) Degree
2 217 (5.16%) Computer Science Degree
3 163 (3.88%) Microsoft Certification
4 138 (3.28%) Security Cleared
5 75 (1.78%) SC Cleared
6 74 (1.76%) MCSA
7 62 (1.47%) Master's Degree
8 43 (1.02%) PhD
9 33 (0.78%) MCSE
9 33 (0.78%) Numerate Degree
10 29 (0.69%) DV Cleared
11 18 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
12 15 (0.36%) AWS Certification
12 15 (0.36%) ISEB
12 15 (0.36%) Postgraduate
13 14 (0.33%) MCP
14 13 (0.31%) BPSS Clearance
14 13 (0.31%) MCDBA
15 12 (0.29%) ISTQB
15 12 (0.29%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 266 (6.33%) QA
2 140 (3.33%) Data Quality
3 75 (1.78%) GDPR
4 56 (1.33%) SLA
5 37 (0.88%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 24 (0.57%) ISO 9001
7 19 (0.45%) DICOM
8 18 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 10 (0.24%) GAMP
10 9 (0.21%) IFRS
11 6 (0.14%) PMO
12 5 (0.12%) PSD2
13 4 (0.095%) PCI DSS
14 3 (0.071%) Cyber Essentials
14 3 (0.071%) IFRS 9
14 3 (0.071%) MiFID
15 1 (0.024%) WCAG
System Software
1 392 (9.32%) Docker
2 98 (2.33%) Active Directory
3 80 (1.90%) VMware Infrastructure
4 50 (1.19%) HDFS
5 46 (1.09%) Oracle RAC
6 38 (0.90%) Virtual Machines
7 37 (0.88%) Hyper-V
8 17 (0.40%) Apache Flume
9 10 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 10 (0.24%) Firmware
9 10 (0.24%) iptables
9 10 (0.24%) Xen
10 7 (0.17%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 7 (0.17%) Varnish
10 7 (0.17%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.048%) LXC
11 2 (0.048%) PowerDNS
11 2 (0.048%) vCloud
11 2 (0.048%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.048%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 185 (4.40%) Ansible
2 157 (3.73%) Kubernetes
3 118 (2.81%) Puppet
4 114 (2.71%) Opscode Chef
5 95 (2.26%) Terraform
6 50 (1.19%) Data Guard
7 44 (1.05%) Oracle RMAN
8 36 (0.86%) Mesos
9 30 (0.71%) Kibana
10 29 (0.69%) Prometheus
11 25 (0.59%) HP Quality Center
11 25 (0.59%) logstash
12 21 (0.50%) Oozie
13 18 (0.43%) Failover Clustering
14 17 (0.40%) Consul
14 17 (0.40%) Control-M
14 17 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
15 16 (0.38%) Perfmon
16 14 (0.33%) Nagios
16 14 (0.33%) Salt
Vendors
1 1,220 (29.01%) Oracle
2 958 (22.78%) Microsoft
3 177 (4.21%) Google
4 143 (3.40%) SAP
5 137 (3.26%) Tableau
6 103 (2.45%) Red Hat
7 90 (2.14%) VMware
8 74 (1.76%) IBM
9 69 (1.64%) Salesforce.com
10 57 (1.36%) Adobe
11 56 (1.33%) Sybase
12 50 (1.19%) Cognos
13 41 (0.98%) Informatica
14 40 (0.95%) Avaloq
14 40 (0.95%) Teradata
15 39 (0.93%) hybris
16 34 (0.81%) Talend
17 33 (0.78%) Splunk
18 32 (0.76%) Atlassian
18 32 (0.76%) Hortonworks