Period
to 22 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 22 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 106 101 91
Rank change year-on-year -5 -10 -4
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 5215 5523 6894
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.99% 2.91% 3.15%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.81% 9.83% 9.98%
Number of salaries quoted 3843 4331 5439
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,000 £30,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £78,750 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 53154 56190 69051
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.50% 29.63% 31.58%
Number of salaries quoted 43667 47838 58226
UK median annual salary £48,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.05% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £76,250 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £41,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 22 October 2017.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 4672 £50,000 - 207
UK excluding London +3 2885 £45,000 +5.88% 150
London -7 2238 £60,000 - 76
South East +28 919 £45,000 -5.26% 39
North of England -13 539 £42,500 +6.25% 32
East of England -26 374 £47,000 +4.44% 25
Scotland +9 354 £42,500 +4.29% 16
South West +34 348 £40,000 -11.11% 20
North West -32 293 £45,000 +12.50% 21
Midlands -75 261 £45,000 +12.50% 15
Yorkshire -17 202 £40,000 - 8
West Midlands -63 175 £45,000 +12.50% 9
East Midlands -36 86 £46,250 +8.82% 6
Northern Ireland +15 60 £37,500 -16.67% 1
Wales +4 48 £38,500 - 2
North East +30 38 £38,959 -7.34% 3

For the 6 months to 22 October 2017, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2748 (52.69%) SQL
2 2213 (42.44%) Agile Software Development
3 2151 (41.25%) Java
4 1905 (36.53%) RDBMS
5 1845 (35.38%) SQL Server
6 1500 (28.76%) Finance
7 1493 (28.63%) JavaScript
8 1392 (26.69%) Oracle
9 1225 (23.49%) HTML
10 1204 (23.09%) .NET
11 1100 (21.09%) C#
12 1083 (20.77%) Linux
13 1082 (20.75%) Degree
14 1049 (20.12%) OO
15 1005 (19.27%) Microsoft
16 987 (18.93%) CSS
17 884 (16.95%) Scrum
18 848 (16.26%) TDD
19 812 (15.57%) Python
20 804 (15.42%) MySQL
21 790 (15.15%) Web Services
21 790 (15.15%) Business Intelligence
22 783 (15.01%) Spring
23 782 (15.00%) Git (software)
23 782 (15.00%) NoSQL
24 777 (14.90%) Software Engineering
25 760 (14.57%) MVC
26 713 (13.67%) XML
27 691 (13.25%) Computer Science
28 658 (12.62%) Analytical Skills

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 285 (5.47%) Apache Spark
2 219 (4.20%) Apache
3 192 (3.68%) Tomcat
4 151 (2.90%) JBoss
5 135 (2.59%) Elasticsearch
6 129 (2.47%) Confluence
7 114 (2.19%) CMS
7 114 (2.19%) WebLogic
8 110 (2.11%) SharePoint
9 107 (2.05%) WebSphere
10 94 (1.80%) SAS
11 88 (1.69%) IIS
12 48 (0.92%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 45 (0.86%) nginx
14 41 (0.79%) Apache Solr
15 40 (0.77%) Apache Pig
16 39 (0.75%) OpenStack
17 31 (0.59%) Ethereum
18 30 (0.58%) Hyperledger
19 22 (0.42%) eris
Applications
1 180 (3.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 105 (2.01%) Microsoft Office
3 50 (0.96%) MS Visio
4 45 (0.86%) SPSS
5 23 (0.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 18 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
7 10 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
8 7 (0.13%) Photoshop
9 5 (0.096%) HipChat
9 5 (0.096%) InfoPath
10 4 (0.077%) S-PLUS
10 4 (0.077%) SPSS Modeler
10 4 (0.077%) Stata
11 3 (0.058%) Doxygen
11 3 (0.058%) EngageOne
11 3 (0.058%) GNU Octave
12 2 (0.038%) Weka
13 1 (0.019%) AutoCAD
13 1 (0.019%) Chatbot
13 1 (0.019%) Revit
Business Applications
1 46 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
2 35 (0.67%) Magento
3 21 (0.40%) Oracle EBS
4 20 (0.38%) Adobe Campaign
5 17 (0.33%) FastStats
6 15 (0.29%) MetaTrader
7 14 (0.27%) Eloqua
8 12 (0.23%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 11 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
9 11 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
10 10 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
10 10 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
11 8 (0.15%) Movex
11 8 (0.15%) PeopleSoft HCM
11 8 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
12 7 (0.13%) Unica
13 6 (0.12%) Oracle 11i
13 6 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
13 6 (0.12%) Temenos T24
14 5 (0.096%) Cognos TM1
Cloud Services
1 525 (10.07%) Amazon AWS
2 369 (7.08%) Microsoft Azure
3 209 (4.01%) SaaS
4 124 (2.38%) GitHub
5 97 (1.86%) Google Cloud Platform
6 74 (1.42%) Cloud Computing
7 57 (1.09%) Amazon EC2
8 52 (1.00%) IaaS
9 49 (0.94%) PaaS
10 30 (0.58%) Serverless
11 29 (0.56%) Amazon S3
12 26 (0.50%) npm
13 22 (0.42%) Amazon EMR
13 22 (0.42%) AWS Lambda
14 18 (0.35%) Office 365
15 13 (0.25%) Amazon SQS
16 12 (0.23%) Loggly
16 12 (0.23%) Sumo Logic
17 11 (0.21%) Amazon ELB
17 11 (0.21%) Firebase
Communications & Networking
1 214 (4.10%) HTTP
2 121 (2.32%) TCP/IP
3 105 (2.01%) SSL
4 103 (1.98%) Internet
5 71 (1.36%) DNS
6 43 (0.82%) LDAP
7 40 (0.77%) Firewall
8 21 (0.40%) SMTP
9 16 (0.31%) FTP
9 16 (0.31%) SMS
10 15 (0.29%) DHCP
10 15 (0.29%) Network Security
10 15 (0.29%) SAN
11 13 (0.25%) VPN
12 12 (0.23%) IMAP
13 10 (0.19%) Intranet
13 10 (0.19%) NAS
14 9 (0.17%) IPsec
14 9 (0.17%) Skype
15 8 (0.15%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1905 (36.53%) RDBMS
2 1845 (35.38%) SQL Server
3 804 (15.42%) MySQL
4 782 (15.00%) NoSQL
5 565 (10.83%) Big Data
6 503 (9.65%) Data Warehouse
7 489 (9.38%) Hadoop
8 452 (8.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 413 (7.92%) PostgreSQL
10 389 (7.46%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 375 (7.19%) Oracle Database
12 368 (7.06%) MongoDB
13 301 (5.77%) Apache Cassandra
14 247 (4.74%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 194 (3.72%) Power BI
16 189 (3.62%) Redis
17 148 (2.84%) BusinessObjects
18 146 (2.80%) SQL Server 2012
19 137 (2.63%) SQL Server 2008
20 128 (2.45%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 782 (15.00%) Git (software)
2 401 (7.69%) Jenkins
3 361 (6.92%) JIRA
4 338 (6.48%) Subversion
5 313 (6.00%) Maven
6 245 (4.70%) JUnit
7 225 (4.31%) Team Foundation Server
8 198 (3.80%) Visual Studio
9 175 (3.36%) TeamCity
10 150 (2.88%) Ant
11 146 (2.80%) Selenium
12 126 (2.42%) Mercurial
13 90 (1.73%) Cucumber
14 86 (1.65%) Eclipse
14 86 (1.65%) jMock
15 81 (1.55%) Hudson
16 79 (1.51%) NUnit
17 74 (1.42%) EasyMock
17 74 (1.42%) Oracle Forms
18 68 (1.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 1500 (28.76%) Finance
2 538 (10.32%) Banking
3 321 (6.16%) Investment Banking
4 308 (5.91%) Marketing
5 268 (5.14%) Retail Banking
6 266 (5.10%) Retail
7 235 (4.51%) Front Office
8 182 (3.49%) Telecoms
9 153 (2.93%) Legal
10 150 (2.88%) Electronics
10 150 (2.88%) Manufacturing
11 113 (2.17%) Games
12 83 (1.59%) Financial Institution
13 61 (1.17%) Publishing
14 52 (1.00%) Back Office
15 51 (0.98%) Advertising
16 43 (0.82%) Pharmaceutical
17 40 (0.77%) Law
18 32 (0.61%) Automotive
19 20 (0.38%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2817 (54.02%) Developer
2 896 (17.18%) Java Developer
3 555 (10.64%) Senior Developer
4 508 (9.74%) .NET Developer
5 444 (8.51%) C# Developer
6 413 (7.92%) Analyst
7 386 (7.40%) Software Developer
8 360 (6.90%) Architect
8 360 (6.90%) SQL Developer
9 333 (6.39%) Software Engineer
10 313 (6.00%) C# .NET Developer
11 219 (4.20%) DBA
11 219 (4.20%) Senior Java Developer
12 197 (3.78%) Full Stack Developer
13 180 (3.45%) Consultant
14 179 (3.43%) Web Developer
15 169 (3.24%) PHP Developer
16 161 (3.09%) Junior
17 156 (2.99%) JavaScript Developer
18 149 (2.86%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1225 (23.49%) HTML
2 1204 (23.09%) .NET
3 987 (18.93%) CSS
4 790 (15.15%) Web Services
5 783 (15.01%) Spring
6 713 (13.67%) XML
7 608 (11.66%) jQuery
8 603 (11.56%) AngularJS
9 577 (11.06%) ASP.NET
10 513 (9.84%) REST
11 510 (9.78%) HTML5
12 457 (8.76%) Hibernate
13 413 (7.92%) RESTful
14 397 (7.61%) JSON
15 326 (6.25%) CSS3
16 310 (5.94%) J2EE
17 306 (5.87%) .NET Framework
18 297 (5.70%) SOAP
19 290 (5.56%) Node.js
20 266 (5.10%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 691 (13.25%) Computer Science
2 658 (12.62%) Analytical Skills
3 270 (5.18%) Algorithms
4 252 (4.83%) Data Structures
5 249 (4.77%) User Experience
6 205 (3.93%) Enterprise Software
7 172 (3.30%) Fintech
8 168 (3.22%) Management Information System
9 146 (2.80%) Greenfield Project
10 116 (2.22%) Linux Command Line
11 114 (2.19%) Mobile App
12 105 (2.01%) Client/Server
13 88 (1.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 86 (1.65%) Data Centre
15 74 (1.42%) Replication
16 57 (1.09%) Derivative
17 56 (1.07%) Fixed Income
18 55 (1.05%) Reference Data
19 54 (1.04%) Life Science
20 49 (0.94%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1083 (20.77%) Linux
2 632 (12.12%) Windows
3 628 (12.04%) Unix
4 122 (2.34%) Windows Server
5 101 (1.94%) Android
6 76 (1.46%) Solaris
7 71 (1.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 70 (1.34%) Apple iOS
9 39 (0.75%) Windows Server 2008
10 29 (0.56%) AIX
11 25 (0.48%) Debian
11 25 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
12 22 (0.42%) Mac OS X
12 22 (0.42%) Ubuntu
13 17 (0.33%) CentOS
14 14 (0.27%) Mac OS
15 13 (0.25%) Windows 10
15 13 (0.25%) Windows 7
16 11 (0.21%) VMS
17 9 (0.17%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2213 (42.44%) Agile Software Development
2 1049 (20.12%) OO
3 884 (16.95%) Scrum
4 848 (16.26%) TDD
5 790 (15.15%) Business Intelligence
6 777 (14.90%) Software Engineering
7 760 (14.57%) MVC
8 656 (12.58%) SDLC
9 536 (10.28%) Continuous Integration
10 524 (10.05%) Test Automation
11 521 (9.99%) Analytics
12 482 (9.24%) ETL
13 479 (9.19%) DevOps
14 478 (9.17%) Web Development
15 475 (9.11%) BDD
16 461 (8.84%) Microservices
17 450 (8.63%) Data Modelling
18 434 (8.32%) Unit Testing
19 409 (7.84%) Open Source
20 408 (7.82%) OOD
Programming Languages
1 2748 (52.69%) SQL
2 2151 (41.25%) Java
3 1493 (28.63%) JavaScript
4 1100 (21.09%) C#
5 812 (15.57%) Python
6 488 (9.36%) T-SQL
7 375 (7.19%) C++
8 373 (7.15%) PHP
9 284 (5.45%) PL/SQL
10 272 (5.22%) Scala
11 246 (4.72%) C
11 246 (4.72%) Ruby
12 177 (3.39%) Shell Script
13 176 (3.37%) Perl
14 156 (2.99%) Go
15 147 (2.82%) PowerShell
15 147 (2.82%) VB.NET
16 122 (2.34%) VB
17 117 (2.24%) Groovy
18 116 (2.22%) R
Qualifications
1 1082 (20.75%) Degree
2 330 (6.33%) Computer Science Degree
3 140 (2.68%) Security Cleared
4 102 (1.96%) Microsoft Certification
5 90 (1.73%) Master's Degree
6 55 (1.05%) SC Cleared
7 43 (0.82%) PhD
8 41 (0.79%) ISTQB
9 39 (0.75%) MCTS
10 37 (0.71%) DV Cleared
11 36 (0.69%) Numerate Degree
12 29 (0.56%) MCITP
13 25 (0.48%) ISEB
14 23 (0.44%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 17 (0.33%) MCSD
15 17 (0.33%) RHCE
16 15 (0.29%) CCNA
16 15 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
16 15 (0.29%) CISSP
16 15 (0.29%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 372 (7.13%) QA
2 122 (2.34%) Data Quality
3 59 (1.13%) PCI DSS
4 44 (0.84%) SLA
5 41 (0.79%) GDPR
6 17 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 14 (0.27%) GCP
8 13 (0.25%) ISO 20022
9 10 (0.19%) GAAP
10 9 (0.17%) MiFID
10 9 (0.17%) Solvency II
11 7 (0.13%) ISO 15022
12 5 (0.096%) COBIT
12 5 (0.096%) PMO
12 5 (0.096%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 5 (0.096%) WAI
13 4 (0.077%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 4 (0.077%) ISO 9001
13 4 (0.077%) SEPA
14 3 (0.058%) EMIR
System Software
1 255 (4.89%) Docker
2 137 (2.63%) Active Directory
3 72 (1.38%) Oracle RAC
4 50 (0.96%) VMware Infrastructure
5 40 (0.77%) HDFS
6 28 (0.54%) Apache Flume
7 20 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
8 11 (0.21%) Hyper-V
9 9 (0.17%) Xen
9 9 (0.17%) XenApp
10 8 (0.15%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 7 (0.13%) KVM
11 7 (0.13%) MetaFrame
12 6 (0.12%) iptables
12 6 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
13 5 (0.096%) Microsoft App-V
13 5 (0.096%) Samba
13 5 (0.096%) VirtualBox
13 5 (0.096%) VMware ESXi
14 3 (0.058%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 203 (3.89%) Puppet
2 172 (3.30%) Ansible
3 164 (3.14%) Opscode Chef
4 75 (1.44%) Kubernetes
5 43 (0.82%) Mesos
6 42 (0.81%) Data Guard
7 40 (0.77%) Oracle RMAN
8 38 (0.73%) Nagios
9 34 (0.65%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 33 (0.63%) Oozie
11 30 (0.58%) ZABBIX
12 28 (0.54%) Salt
13 25 (0.48%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
14 23 (0.44%) Kibana
15 21 (0.40%) Terraform
16 18 (0.35%) Grafana
17 17 (0.33%) Marathon
18 15 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
19 13 (0.25%) logstash
20 12 (0.23%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 1392 (26.69%) Oracle
2 1005 (19.27%) Microsoft
3 248 (4.76%) SAP
4 164 (3.14%) Sybase
5 139 (2.67%) Tableau
6 133 (2.55%) Google
7 103 (1.98%) Informatica
8 90 (1.73%) IBM
9 86 (1.65%) MicroStrategy
10 78 (1.50%) Perforce
11 72 (1.38%) TIBCO
12 71 (1.36%) VMware
13 70 (1.34%) Red Hat
14 63 (1.21%) Zend
15 59 (1.13%) Cognos
15 59 (1.13%) Splunk
16 55 (1.05%) Salesforce.com
17 51 (0.98%) Atlassian
18 50 (0.96%) CA Agile Central
19 46 (0.88%) hybris