Period
to 12 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 12 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 131 137 127
Rank change year-on-year +6 -10 +5
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 2,035 2,850 4,049
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.47% 2.51% 2.72%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.34% 9.32% 9.56%
Number of salaries quoted 1,494 2,176 3,230
10th Percentile £35,450 £32,500 £31,475
25th Percentile £43,750 £40,088 £39,031
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £68,750
90th Percentile £93,750 £92,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 21,785 30,573 42,368
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.40% 26.93% 28.45%
Number of salaries quoted 17,600 25,217 35,073
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £73,750 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +7.78% - +5.88%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 1,805 £60,000 +4.35% 346
London +12 990 £72,500 +7.41% 156
UK excluding London -34 923 £50,000 +5.26% 224
Work from Home +50 406 £60,000 - 68
South East -19 288 £55,000 +10.00% 40
North of England -45 174 £47,500 +5.56% 76
South West +5 122 £45,000 +12.50% 23
Midlands -14 110 £42,500 -5.56% 32
North West -38 97 £50,000 +11.11% 43
Scotland -26 91 £50,000 +5.26% 25
East of England 0 90 £55,000 - 19
West Midlands -27 63 £45,000 - 23
Yorkshire -19 62 £45,000 -5.26% 28
East Midlands +32 45 £38,500 -14.44% 9
Wales +15 31 £45,000 +9.88% 5
Northern Ireland +11 21 £45,000 - 4
North East -2 15 £37,500 -0.66% 5
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 996 (48.94%) SQL
2 944 (46.39%) Agile Software Development
3 682 (33.51%) AWS
4 648 (31.84%) Python
5 643 (31.60%) JavaScript
6 632 (31.06%) Java
7 569 (27.96%) Finance
8 551 (27.08%) SQL Server
9 498 (24.47%) Software Engineering
10 468 (23.00%) Microservices
11 463 (22.75%) MySQL
12 451 (22.16%) RDBMS
13 444 (21.82%) Azure
14 436 (21.43%) DevOps
15 434 (21.33%) Git (software)
16 423 (20.79%) PostgreSQL
17 397 (19.51%) C#
18 373 (18.33%) Docker
19 368 (18.08%) HTML
19 368 (18.08%) Degree
20 358 (17.59%) Scrum
21 346 (17.00%) Linux
22 332 (16.31%) .NET
23 329 (16.17%) Web Services
24 321 (15.77%) TDD
25 315 (15.48%) RESTful
25 315 (15.48%) NoSQL
26 313 (15.38%) CSS
27 312 (15.33%) Oracle
28 304 (14.94%) Problem-Solving

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (4.32%) Apache Spark
2 71 (3.49%) Elasticsearch
3 56 (2.75%) Apache
4 47 (2.31%) Confluence
5 30 (1.47%) Apache Airflow
6 22 (1.08%) Luigi
7 19 (0.93%) CMS
8 18 (0.88%) Tomcat
9 17 (0.84%) WebSphere
10 15 (0.74%) OpenStack
11 14 (0.69%) IIS
12 13 (0.64%) SAS
13 12 (0.59%) Oracle Workflow
14 10 (0.49%) JBoss
15 9 (0.44%) nginx
16 8 (0.39%) GemFire
16 8 (0.39%) WordPress
17 7 (0.34%) Apache Solr
17 7 (0.34%) Tornado
18 6 (0.29%) SharePoint
Applications
1 46 (2.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (1.38%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (0.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.20%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.098%) GIMP
6 2 (0.098%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.098%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.049%) EngageOne
7 1 (0.049%) Weka
Business Applications
1 18 (0.88%) Shopify
2 12 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.54%) Magento
4 8 (0.39%) SAP S/4HANA
5 7 (0.34%) NetSuite
5 7 (0.34%) Remedy ITSM
6 6 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
7 5 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 3 (0.15%) HFM
9 3 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
9 3 (0.15%) Oracle Assets
9 3 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
9 3 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
9 3 (0.15%) Oracle General Ledger
9 3 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
9 3 (0.15%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
10 2 (0.098%) Cognos Business Intelligence
10 2 (0.098%) Dynamics NAV
10 2 (0.098%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 682 (33.51%) AWS
2 444 (21.82%) Azure
3 178 (8.75%) Power Platform
4 171 (8.40%) Serverless
5 130 (6.39%) GCP
6 127 (6.24%) SaaS
7 104 (5.11%) Amazon EC2
8 91 (4.47%) AWS Lambda
9 84 (4.13%) Amazon ECS
10 73 (3.59%) GitHub
11 62 (3.05%) Cloud Computing
12 58 (2.85%) Amazon Kinesis
13 48 (2.36%) PaaS
14 38 (1.87%) Amazon S3
14 38 (1.87%) Amazon SQS
15 31 (1.52%) Azure Data Factory
16 30 (1.47%) Amazon EKS
17 29 (1.43%) IaaS
18 27 (1.33%) Amazon Alexa
19 25 (1.23%) AWS CodeBuild
Communications & Networking
1 55 (2.70%) HTTP
2 28 (1.38%) TCP/IP
3 23 (1.13%) Firewall
4 22 (1.08%) Internet
5 13 (0.64%) DNS
6 12 (0.59%) VPN
7 9 (0.44%) DHCP
7 9 (0.44%) SNMP
7 9 (0.44%) Wireshark
8 8 (0.39%) LAN
8 8 (0.39%) SAN
8 8 (0.39%) WAN
9 7 (0.34%) AMQP
10 6 (0.29%) Network Security
11 5 (0.25%) DMZ
11 5 (0.25%) Fibre Channel
11 5 (0.25%) FTP
11 5 (0.25%) SSH
12 4 (0.20%) DSL
12 4 (0.20%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 551 (27.08%) SQL Server
2 463 (22.75%) MySQL
3 451 (22.16%) RDBMS
4 423 (20.79%) PostgreSQL
5 315 (15.48%) NoSQL
6 216 (10.61%) Data Warehouse
7 173 (8.50%) Power BI
8 148 (7.27%) Big Data
9 147 (7.22%) MongoDB
10 144 (7.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 125 (6.14%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 100 (4.91%) Redis
13 84 (4.13%) Hadoop
14 78 (3.83%) Tableau
15 76 (3.73%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 62 (3.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 61 (3.00%) Amazon Redshift
18 58 (2.85%) Data Lake
19 56 (2.75%) Amazon Aurora
20 47 (2.31%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 434 (21.33%) Git (software)
2 163 (8.01%) Jenkins
3 134 (6.58%) JIRA
4 57 (2.80%) Maven
5 48 (2.36%) Visual Studio
6 43 (2.11%) TeamCity
7 41 (2.01%) Team Foundation Server
8 39 (1.92%) Gradle
9 37 (1.82%) Cucumber
10 36 (1.77%) Selenium
11 35 (1.72%) JUnit
12 33 (1.62%) Octopus Deploy
13 29 (1.43%) Bitbucket
13 29 (1.43%) webpack
14 26 (1.28%) GitLab
14 26 (1.28%) IntelliJ
14 26 (1.28%) Subversion
15 21 (1.03%) gulp
16 20 (0.98%) Eclipse
17 19 (0.93%) Cypress.io
General
1 569 (27.96%) Finance
2 155 (7.62%) Banking
3 152 (7.47%) Marketing
4 87 (4.28%) Public Sector
5 83 (4.08%) Retail
6 62 (3.05%) Games
7 53 (2.60%) Front Office
8 41 (2.01%) Legal
9 39 (1.92%) Law
10 32 (1.57%) Advertising
11 30 (1.47%) Financial Institution
12 24 (1.18%) Telecoms
13 22 (1.08%) Back Office
13 22 (1.08%) Publishing
14 21 (1.03%) Investment Banking
14 21 (1.03%) Manufacturing
15 18 (0.88%) Automotive
16 15 (0.74%) Electronics
16 15 (0.74%) Pharmaceutical
17 9 (0.44%) German Language
Job Titles
1 1,049 (51.55%) Developer
2 264 (12.97%) Software Engineer
3 239 (11.74%) Java Developer
4 188 (9.24%) Senior Developer
5 152 (7.47%) Full Stack Developer
6 131 (6.44%) Analyst
7 121 (5.95%) Python Developer
8 117 (5.75%) Data Engineer
9 113 (5.55%) Architect
10 100 (4.91%) Software Developer
11 95 (4.67%) C# Developer
12 94 (4.62%) .NET Developer
13 92 (4.52%) AWS Engineer
14 79 (3.88%) AWS Developer
15 77 (3.78%) Python Engineer
16 74 (3.64%) Java Engineer
17 66 (3.24%) DBA
18 64 (3.14%) PHP Developer
18 64 (3.14%) Programmer
19 62 (3.05%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 368 (18.08%) HTML
2 332 (16.31%) .NET
3 329 (16.17%) Web Services
4 315 (15.48%) RESTful
5 313 (15.38%) CSS
6 302 (14.84%) AngularJS
7 296 (14.55%) React
8 290 (14.25%) REST
9 255 (12.53%) Node.js
10 254 (12.48%) Spring
11 158 (7.76%) JSON
12 151 (7.42%) Kafka
13 141 (6.93%) Vue.js
14 138 (6.78%) Spring Boot
15 128 (6.29%) HTML5
15 128 (6.29%) XML
16 115 (5.65%) .NET Framework
17 111 (5.45%) .NET Core
18 101 (4.96%) ASP.NET
19 96 (4.72%) Django
Miscellaneous
1 239 (11.74%) Analytical Skills
2 125 (6.14%) Mobile App
3 112 (5.50%) Data Structures
4 106 (5.21%) User Experience
5 103 (5.06%) Greenfield Project
6 76 (3.73%) Hedge funds
7 74 (3.64%) Enterprise Software
8 73 (3.59%) Virtual Team
9 65 (3.19%) Self-Motivation
10 49 (2.41%) Algorithms
10 49 (2.41%) Cloud Native
10 49 (2.41%) Management Information System
11 48 (2.36%) Pricing Data
12 44 (2.16%) Fixed Income
13 35 (1.72%) Blog
14 31 (1.52%) Linux Command Line
15 30 (1.47%) N-Tier
16 28 (1.38%) Clustering
17 25 (1.23%) Derivative
17 25 (1.23%) EPoS
Operating Systems
1 346 (17.00%) Linux
2 125 (6.14%) Windows
3 113 (5.55%) Unix
4 32 (1.57%) Windows Server
5 28 (1.38%) Android
6 24 (1.18%) Apple iOS
7 16 (0.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 13 (0.64%) CentOS
9 11 (0.54%) Ubuntu
10 9 (0.44%) Embedded Linux
11 7 (0.34%) Solaris
12 5 (0.25%) Oracle Linux
13 4 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.15%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.15%) Mac OS X
14 3 (0.15%) VMS
14 3 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
15 2 (0.098%) Amazon Linux
15 2 (0.098%) tvOS
16 1 (0.049%) Alpine Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 944 (46.39%) Agile Software Development
2 498 (24.47%) Software Engineering
3 468 (23.00%) Microservices
4 436 (21.43%) DevOps
5 358 (17.59%) Scrum
6 321 (15.77%) TDD
7 304 (14.94%) Problem-Solving
8 302 (14.84%) Business Intelligence
9 291 (14.30%) Analytics
10 274 (13.46%) Computer Science
11 273 (13.42%) Test Automation
12 234 (11.50%) OO
13 224 (11.01%) ETL
14 187 (9.19%) Continuous Integration
15 184 (9.04%) Data Modelling
16 166 (8.16%) Mentoring
17 165 (8.11%) SDLC
18 160 (7.86%) Fintech
19 147 (7.22%) Open Source
20 142 (6.98%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 996 (48.94%) SQL
2 648 (31.84%) Python
3 643 (31.60%) JavaScript
4 632 (31.06%) Java
5 397 (19.51%) C#
6 144 (7.08%) PHP
7 143 (7.03%) T-SQL
8 139 (6.83%) TypeScript
9 104 (5.11%) C++
10 97 (4.77%) Scala
11 94 (4.62%) Java 8
12 81 (3.98%) R
13 61 (3.00%) Ruby
14 54 (2.65%) Bash Shell
15 52 (2.56%) Perl
16 51 (2.51%) Go
17 48 (2.36%) Shell Script
18 45 (2.21%) PowerShell
19 38 (1.87%) C
19 38 (1.87%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 368 (18.08%) Degree
2 142 (6.98%) Computer Science Degree
3 73 (3.59%) Security Cleared
4 44 (2.16%) SC Cleared
5 33 (1.62%) Microsoft Certification
6 22 (1.08%) Numerate Degree
7 14 (0.69%) AWS Certification
7 14 (0.69%) Master's Degree
8 11 (0.54%) HND
9 9 (0.44%) PhD
10 8 (0.39%) HNC
11 7 (0.34%) CTC Cleared
12 6 (0.29%) MCDBA
12 6 (0.29%) MCSA
12 6 (0.29%) MCSE
13 5 (0.25%) ISEB
13 5 (0.25%) OCP
13 5 (0.25%) Oracle Certification
14 4 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
14 4 (0.20%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 160 (7.86%) QA
2 56 (2.75%) Data Quality
3 18 (0.88%) GDPR
4 5 (0.25%) Good Clinical Practice
5 3 (0.15%) CDISC
5 3 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.15%) JTAG
6 2 (0.098%) EMIR
6 2 (0.098%) GRC
6 2 (0.098%) IEC 62304
6 2 (0.098%) ISO 13485
6 2 (0.098%) MiFID
6 2 (0.098%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.049%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 1 (0.049%) COBIT
7 1 (0.049%) GLBA
7 1 (0.049%) GxP
7 1 (0.049%) NCSC
7 1 (0.049%) NIST
7 1 (0.049%) WAI
System Software
1 373 (18.33%) Docker
2 21 (1.03%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (0.84%) Active Directory
3 17 (0.84%) HDFS
4 11 (0.54%) Hyper-V
5 10 (0.49%) Oracle RAC
6 5 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (0.15%) Firmware
8 2 (0.098%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.098%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 2 (0.098%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.098%) XenApp
9 1 (0.049%) GridGain
9 1 (0.049%) Lustre
9 1 (0.049%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.049%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.049%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 292 (14.35%) Kubernetes
2 96 (4.72%) Ansible
3 95 (4.67%) Terraform
4 39 (1.92%) Opscode Chef
5 33 (1.62%) Puppet
6 12 (0.59%) Grafana
7 11 (0.54%) Prometheus
8 10 (0.49%) Oracle RMAN
9 9 (0.44%) Docker Swarm
10 7 (0.34%) Zipkin
11 6 (0.29%) Hadoop YARN
11 6 (0.29%) Kibana
11 6 (0.29%) Nagios
12 4 (0.20%) Data Guard
12 4 (0.20%) HAProxy
12 4 (0.20%) Packer
12 4 (0.20%) Proxmox
13 3 (0.15%) ITRS Geneos
13 3 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.15%) systemd
Vendors
1 312 (15.33%) Oracle
2 221 (10.86%) Microsoft
3 145 (7.13%) Google
4 96 (4.72%) Salesforce.com
5 90 (4.42%) Sybase
6 32 (1.57%) IBM
7 31 (1.52%) SAP
8 30 (1.47%) VMware
9 28 (1.38%) Red Hat
10 22 (1.08%) Databricks
11 21 (1.03%) Splunk
12 19 (0.93%) ServiceNow
13 16 (0.79%) Talend
14 15 (0.74%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
15 14 (0.69%) Atlassian
15 14 (0.69%) Zend
16 13 (0.64%) Informatica
16 13 (0.64%) Xamarin
17 12 (0.59%) Cognos
17 12 (0.59%) Remedy