Period
to 28 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 28 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 105 150 135
Rank change year-on-year +45 -15 -24
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 3,852 1,083 3,633
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.13% 2.25% 2.61%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 11.17% 7.81% 9.50%
Number of salaries quoted 2,029 864 2,776
10th Percentile £36,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £80,000 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 34,485 13,866 38,258
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.04% 28.85% 27.43%
Number of salaries quoted 22,315 11,689 31,530
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,000 £38,284
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,750 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +44 3,429 £60,000 +9.09% 446
London +70 1,939 £72,500 +3.57% 204
UK excluding London +8 1,587 £50,000 +5.26% 271
Work from Home +3 760 £60,000 +20.00% 110
South East +24 618 £52,500 +5.00% 55
North of England -18 301 £50,000 +10.89% 75
South West -14 213 £47,500 - 36
Midlands -54 182 £47,500 - 45
Yorkshire -14 145 £50,000 +11.11% 15
West Midlands -18 143 £47,500 - 28
North West -37 137 £50,000 +5.26% 54
Scotland -14 128 £50,000 +6.38% 24
East of England -43 105 £60,000 +4.35% 27
East Midlands -82 39 £50,000 +25.00% 17
Wales -37 20 £46,250 -2.63% 7
North East -18 19 £37,500 - 6
Northern Ireland -36 18 £37,000 -40.80% 4
Isle of Man +2 13 - -

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,853 (48.10%) Agile Software Development
2 1,710 (44.39%) SQL
3 1,347 (34.97%) Java
4 1,304 (33.85%) AWS
5 1,143 (29.67%) Finance
6 1,128 (29.28%) Python
7 1,116 (28.97%) Social Skills
8 1,077 (27.96%) Software Engineering
9 995 (25.83%) Azure
10 991 (25.73%) JavaScript
11 989 (25.67%) Microservices
12 982 (25.49%) RDBMS
13 952 (24.71%) Degree
14 933 (24.22%) PostgreSQL
15 928 (24.09%) SQL Server
16 911 (23.65%) DevOps
17 897 (23.29%) Git (software)
18 837 (21.73%) Oracle
19 820 (21.29%) NoSQL
20 788 (20.46%) Spring
21 783 (20.33%) React
22 759 (19.70%) Scrum
23 752 (19.52%) Docker
24 750 (19.47%) Linux
25 746 (19.37%) C#
26 741 (19.24%) MySQL
27 706 (18.33%) Computer Science
28 684 (17.76%) Node.js
29 682 (17.71%) AngularJS
30 675 (17.52%) RESTful

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 342 (8.88%) Apache Spark
2 232 (6.02%) Apache
3 170 (4.41%) Elasticsearch
4 152 (3.95%) GemFire
5 113 (2.93%) Confluence
6 98 (2.54%) WebLogic
7 77 (2.00%) Tomcat
8 73 (1.90%) SAS
9 57 (1.48%) CMS
10 56 (1.45%) Apache Airflow
11 47 (1.22%) Cloud Foundry
12 45 (1.17%) JBoss
13 44 (1.14%) Tornado
14 31 (0.80%) SharePoint
15 28 (0.73%) IIS
16 26 (0.67%) Mule
17 23 (0.60%) Luigi
18 21 (0.55%) nginx
18 21 (0.55%) Oracle Coherence
19 20 (0.52%) WordPress
Applications
1 172 (4.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 83 (2.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 70 (1.82%) Microsoft Office
4 28 (0.73%) MS Visio
5 19 (0.49%) InVision
6 18 (0.47%) Photoshop
7 16 (0.42%) Adobe Illustrator
7 16 (0.42%) GIMP
8 14 (0.36%) Sketch
9 11 (0.29%) Spreadsheet
10 8 (0.21%) Chatbot
11 3 (0.078%) Microsoft Project
12 2 (0.052%) Oracle Smart View
12 2 (0.052%) SPSS
12 2 (0.052%) Stata
12 2 (0.052%) Weka
Business Applications
1 86 (2.23%) Oracle Clinical
2 21 (0.55%) Dynamics CRM
3 20 (0.52%) Distributed Ledger
4 14 (0.36%) IBM Planning Analytics
4 14 (0.36%) NetSuite
5 10 (0.26%) Primavera
6 9 (0.23%) Adobe Campaign
7 7 (0.18%) Magento
7 7 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
8 6 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
8 6 (0.16%) Shopify
9 5 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 4 (0.10%) JDE EnterpriseOne
10 4 (0.10%) Raiser's Edge
10 4 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
11 3 (0.078%) Dynamics AX
11 3 (0.078%) Oracle Applications
11 3 (0.078%) Oracle BPM
11 3 (0.078%) Oracle ERP
12 2 (0.052%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 1,304 (33.85%) AWS
2 995 (25.83%) Azure
3 529 (13.73%) GCP
4 420 (10.90%) GitHub
5 308 (8.00%) Serverless
6 222 (5.76%) Power Platform
7 217 (5.63%) Amazon Kinesis
7 217 (5.63%) SaaS
8 145 (3.76%) Amazon EC2
9 120 (3.12%) AWS Lambda
10 116 (3.01%) Snowflake
11 110 (2.86%) Amazon SQS
12 109 (2.83%) Amazon S3
13 82 (2.13%) Amazon ECS
14 80 (2.08%) PaaS
15 54 (1.40%) OpenShift
16 49 (1.27%) Azure Data Factory
16 49 (1.27%) IaaS
17 48 (1.25%) Cloud Computing
18 47 (1.22%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 173 (4.49%) HTTP
2 104 (2.70%) Internet
3 66 (1.71%) Firewall
4 46 (1.19%) TCP/IP
5 41 (1.06%) DNS
6 24 (0.62%) Network Security
7 21 (0.55%) SMTP
8 20 (0.52%) SSL
8 20 (0.52%) VPN
9 15 (0.39%) MQTT
10 14 (0.36%) Broadband
10 14 (0.36%) FTP
11 12 (0.31%) 5G
12 9 (0.23%) SMS
12 9 (0.23%) SSH
12 9 (0.23%) Wireshark
13 7 (0.18%) SAN
14 5 (0.13%) HTTPS
15 4 (0.10%) AMQP
15 4 (0.10%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 982 (25.49%) RDBMS
2 933 (24.22%) PostgreSQL
3 928 (24.09%) SQL Server
4 820 (21.29%) NoSQL
5 741 (19.24%) MySQL
6 390 (10.12%) Big Data
7 350 (9.09%) Data Warehouse
8 343 (8.90%) MongoDB
9 341 (8.85%) Redis
10 235 (6.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 220 (5.71%) MariaDB
12 219 (5.69%) HBase
12 219 (5.69%) Power BI
13 196 (5.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 194 (5.04%) Oracle Database
15 185 (4.80%) Hadoop
16 160 (4.15%) Tableau
17 145 (3.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 132 (3.43%) Amazon RDS
18 132 (3.43%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 897 (23.29%) Git (software)
2 598 (15.52%) Jenkins
3 259 (6.72%) JIRA
4 240 (6.23%) JUnit
5 233 (6.05%) Gradle
6 224 (5.82%) IntelliJ
7 216 (5.61%) Cypress.io
8 214 (5.56%) Eclipse
9 199 (5.17%) Cucumber
10 187 (4.85%) Sonatype Nexus
11 158 (4.10%) Mockito
12 152 (3.95%) Protractor
13 149 (3.87%) Artifactory
13 149 (3.87%) Storybook
14 132 (3.43%) Maven
15 110 (2.86%) SonarQube
16 93 (2.41%) Bitbucket
17 90 (2.34%) Team Foundation Server
18 88 (2.28%) NUnit
19 84 (2.18%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,143 (29.67%) Finance
2 1,116 (28.97%) Social Skills
3 474 (12.31%) Banking
4 359 (9.32%) Analytical Skills
5 289 (7.50%) Law
6 266 (6.91%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 235 (6.10%) Retail
8 213 (5.53%) Presentation Skills
9 167 (4.34%) Games
10 150 (3.89%) Marketing
11 95 (2.47%) Public Sector
12 93 (2.41%) Legal
13 85 (2.21%) Advertising
14 83 (2.15%) Pharmaceutical
15 72 (1.87%) Investment Banking
16 64 (1.66%) Manufacturing
17 63 (1.64%) Back Office
18 56 (1.45%) Influencing Skills
19 52 (1.35%) Telecoms
20 41 (1.06%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,551 (40.26%) Developer
2 611 (15.86%) Software Engineer
3 371 (9.63%) Java Developer
4 325 (8.44%) Senior Developer
5 276 (7.17%) Software Developer
6 213 (5.53%) Architect
7 208 (5.40%) Data Engineer
8 207 (5.37%) Analyst
9 203 (5.27%) Full Stack Developer
9 203 (5.27%) Senior Software Engineer
10 189 (4.91%) Java Engineer
11 132 (3.43%) .NET Developer
12 131 (3.40%) Principal Engineer
13 126 (3.27%) Lead Developer
14 123 (3.19%) Python Engineer
15 117 (3.04%) Technical Leader
16 111 (2.88%) Principal Software Engineer
17 106 (2.75%) Senior Java Developer
18 103 (2.67%) PHP Developer
18 103 (2.67%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 788 (20.46%) Spring
2 783 (20.33%) React
3 684 (17.76%) Node.js
4 682 (17.71%) AngularJS
5 675 (17.52%) RESTful
6 628 (16.30%) .NET
7 599 (15.55%) CSS
8 582 (15.11%) REST
9 554 (14.38%) Kafka
10 549 (14.25%) HTML
11 507 (13.16%) Web Services
12 399 (10.36%) JSON
13 373 (9.68%) RabbitMQ
14 273 (7.09%) Spring Boot
14 273 (7.09%) XML
15 253 (6.57%) Redux
16 242 (6.28%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 238 (6.18%) HTML5
18 224 (5.82%) SOAP
19 218 (5.66%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 295 (7.66%) User Experience
2 199 (5.17%) Data Structures
3 167 (4.34%) Algorithms
4 160 (4.15%) Enterprise Software
5 157 (4.08%) Linux Command Line
6 146 (3.79%) Mobile App
7 114 (2.96%) Self-Motivation
8 111 (2.88%) Greenfield Project
9 110 (2.86%) Cloud Native
10 100 (2.60%) Blog
10 100 (2.60%) Virtual Team
11 79 (2.05%) Management Information System
12 74 (1.92%) Legacy Systems
13 70 (1.82%) Derivative
14 66 (1.71%) Client/Server
15 56 (1.45%) Life Science
16 54 (1.40%) NHS
17 44 (1.14%) Hedge funds
18 42 (1.09%) Clustering
19 40 (1.04%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 750 (19.47%) Linux
2 499 (12.95%) Unix
3 312 (8.10%) Windows
4 89 (2.31%) Android
5 64 (1.66%) Apple iOS
6 53 (1.38%) Windows Server
7 15 (0.39%) Mac OS X
7 15 (0.39%) Solaris
8 12 (0.31%) Mac OS
8 12 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
8 12 (0.31%) Windows Server 2016
9 9 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 8 (0.21%) CentOS
11 7 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
11 7 (0.18%) Ubuntu
12 4 (0.10%) AIX
13 2 (0.052%) Debian
13 2 (0.052%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.052%) zOS
14 1 (0.026%) MVS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,853 (48.10%) Agile Software Development
2 1,077 (27.96%) Software Engineering
3 989 (25.67%) Microservices
4 911 (23.65%) DevOps
5 759 (19.70%) Scrum
6 706 (18.33%) Computer Science
7 646 (16.77%) Problem-Solving
8 630 (16.36%) Full Stack Development
9 626 (16.25%) TDD
10 603 (15.65%) OO
11 558 (14.49%) Analytics
12 542 (14.07%) Test Automation
13 447 (11.60%) Business Intelligence
14 410 (10.64%) Continuous Integration
15 406 (10.54%) Mentoring
16 379 (9.84%) SDLC
17 365 (9.48%) ETL
18 333 (8.64%) Open Source
19 327 (8.49%) Software Testing
20 324 (8.41%) Clean Code
Programming Languages
1 1,710 (44.39%) SQL
2 1,347 (34.97%) Java
3 1,128 (29.28%) Python
4 991 (25.73%) JavaScript
5 746 (19.37%) C#
6 321 (8.33%) TypeScript
7 252 (6.54%) PHP
8 227 (5.89%) Shell Script
9 193 (5.01%) Groovy
10 185 (4.80%) C++
11 182 (4.72%) T-SQL
12 160 (4.15%) PL/SQL
13 139 (3.61%) Scala
14 130 (3.37%) R
15 127 (3.30%) Java 8
16 124 (3.22%) Bash Shell
17 116 (3.01%) C
18 109 (2.83%) PowerShell
19 101 (2.62%) Go
20 83 (2.15%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 952 (24.71%) Degree
2 262 (6.80%) Computer Science Degree
3 152 (3.95%) Oracle Certification
4 149 (3.87%) OCP
5 131 (3.40%) Master's Degree
6 94 (2.44%) Security Cleared
7 88 (2.28%) SC Cleared
8 48 (1.25%) Numerate Degree
9 41 (1.06%) Microsoft Certification
10 23 (0.60%) PhD
11 21 (0.55%) DBS Check
12 17 (0.44%) AWS Certification
13 15 (0.39%) ISEB
14 11 (0.29%) ISTQB
15 10 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 9 (0.23%) CBAP
16 9 (0.23%) CEH
16 9 (0.23%) HND
16 9 (0.23%) MBA
17 8 (0.21%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 322 (8.36%) QA
2 170 (4.41%) Data Quality
3 113 (2.93%) GDPR
4 107 (2.78%) Good Clinical Practice
5 27 (0.70%) MiFID
6 25 (0.65%) EMIR
7 24 (0.62%) PMO
8 22 (0.57%) Accessibility
9 21 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 18 (0.47%) CDISC
11 14 (0.36%) SLA
12 12 (0.31%) PCI DSS
13 7 (0.18%) NIST
13 7 (0.18%) WAI
14 6 (0.16%) IFRS
15 5 (0.13%) HL7
15 5 (0.13%) Solvency II
16 4 (0.10%) PSD2
17 3 (0.078%) JTAG
17 3 (0.078%) WCAG
System Software
1 752 (19.52%) Docker
2 159 (4.13%) HDFS
3 109 (2.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.34%) Active Directory
5 8 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
6 7 (0.18%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.10%) Firmware
8 4 (0.10%) Varnish
8 4 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.052%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.052%) iptables
9 2 (0.052%) NFS
9 2 (0.052%) Postfix
9 2 (0.052%) Sendmail
10 1 (0.026%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.026%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 638 (16.56%) Kubernetes
2 309 (8.02%) Ansible
3 245 (6.36%) Terraform
4 122 (3.17%) Opscode Chef
5 71 (1.84%) Puppet
6 69 (1.79%) Grafana
7 55 (1.43%) Docker Swarm
8 27 (0.70%) Kibana
9 24 (0.62%) Apache Brooklyn
10 22 (0.57%) logstash
11 20 (0.52%) Prometheus
12 16 (0.42%) HAProxy
13 15 (0.39%) Opsgenie
13 15 (0.39%) Pingdom
13 15 (0.39%) ZABBIX
14 11 (0.29%) MIIS
15 9 (0.23%) Data Guard
15 9 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
15 9 (0.23%) Kubeflow
16 8 (0.21%) Oozie
Vendors
1 837 (21.73%) Oracle
2 489 (12.69%) Microsoft
3 323 (8.39%) Google
4 175 (4.54%) VMware
5 154 (4.00%) Okta
6 107 (2.78%) Salesforce.com
7 89 (2.31%) Sybase
8 70 (1.82%) ServiceNow
9 63 (1.64%) Splunk
10 62 (1.61%) IBM
11 58 (1.51%) Talend
12 51 (1.32%) Informatica
13 50 (1.30%) Databricks
13 50 (1.30%) SAP
14 45 (1.17%) Adobe
14 45 (1.17%) MuleSoft
15 44 (1.14%) Facebook
16 43 (1.12%) New Relic
17 40 (1.04%) Zend
18 36 (0.93%) Xamarin