Period
to 20 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 131 110 110
Rank change year-on-year -21 0 -5
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 3,558 4,824 5,220
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.62% 2.95% 2.99%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.69% 10.01% 9.82%
Number of salaries quoted 2,664 3,758 3,846
UK median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
10th Percentile £31,750 £31,925 £31,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £45,000

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 36,723 48,213 53,140
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.99% 29.49% 30.47%
Number of salaries quoted 30,142 39,348 43,650
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 October 2019.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -22 3,251 £55,000 +4.76% 592
UK excluding London -18 1,977 £45,000 - 421
London -16 1,512 £70,000 +16.67% 222
South East -39 569 £47,500 -5.00% 132
North of England -5 468 £45,000 - 79
East of England +29 264 £55,000 +22.22% 43
North West +8 248 £45,000 - 47
South West -6 234 £45,000 +5.88% 47
Yorkshire -7 198 £45,000 - 25
Midlands -39 195 £42,500 -2.30% 69
Scotland -27 175 £42,500 -5.56% 34
West Midlands -49 120 £42,500 -5.56% 38
East Midlands +3 72 £42,500 - 30
Wales -2 55 £37,500 -9.09% 15
North East 0 22 £38,750 -3.13% 7
Northern Ireland -9 21 £48,750 -4.41% 3

For the 6 months to 20 October 2019, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,984 (55.76%) SQL
2 1,370 (38.50%) Agile Software Development
3 1,363 (38.31%) SQL Server
4 1,140 (32.04%) RDBMS
5 1,106 (31.08%) Java
6 921 (25.89%) Oracle
7 861 (24.20%) C#
8 785 (22.06%) .NET
9 780 (21.92%) JavaScript
10 717 (20.15%) Microsoft
11 693 (19.48%) Azure
12 682 (19.17%) Finance
13 679 (19.08%) AWS
14 668 (18.77%) Python
15 654 (18.38%) MySQL
16 627 (17.62%) HTML
17 622 (17.48%) Software Engineering
18 544 (15.29%) Linux
19 540 (15.18%) DevOps
20 529 (14.87%) OO
20 529 (14.87%) Problem-Solving
21 520 (14.61%) Degree
22 484 (13.60%) ETL
23 478 (13.43%) CSS
24 465 (13.07%) Scrum
25 455 (12.79%) Microservices
26 452 (12.70%) PostgreSQL
27 435 (12.23%) Git (software)
28 418 (11.75%) Web Services
29 415 (11.66%) Business Intelligence

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 153 (4.30%) Apache Spark
2 108 (3.04%) Elasticsearch
3 92 (2.59%) Tomcat
4 90 (2.53%) JBoss
5 82 (2.30%) Apache
6 79 (2.22%) CMS
7 75 (2.11%) SharePoint
8 63 (1.77%) Confluence
8 63 (1.77%) WebSphere
9 51 (1.43%) IIS
10 45 (1.26%) Apache Solr
11 42 (1.18%) WebLogic
12 39 (1.10%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 28 (0.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 26 (0.73%) SAS
14 26 (0.73%) Umbraco
15 22 (0.62%) Cloud Foundry
15 22 (0.62%) Drupal
15 22 (0.62%) nginx
16 20 (0.56%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 231 (6.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 69 (1.94%) Microsoft Office
3 33 (0.93%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 27 (0.76%) Spreadsheet
5 13 (0.37%) MS Visio
6 12 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
7 4 (0.11%) GNU Octave
8 3 (0.084%) CATIA
9 2 (0.056%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.056%) SPSS
10 1 (0.028%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.028%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.028%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.028%) Sketch
10 1 (0.028%) Stata
Business Applications
1 59 (1.66%) Magento
2 36 (1.01%) SDL Web 8
3 33 (0.93%) Dynamics CRM
4 29 (0.82%) SAP Hybris
5 26 (0.73%) WebTrends
6 15 (0.42%) Oracle Applications
7 14 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
8 13 (0.37%) FastStats
9 12 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
10 10 (0.28%) Oracle Payables
11 9 (0.25%) Oracle Cash Management
11 9 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
12 8 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 7 (0.20%) PolarLake
14 6 (0.17%) OPENHousing
14 6 (0.17%) Unit4 Business World
15 5 (0.14%) NetSuite
16 4 (0.11%) FastStats PeopleStage
16 4 (0.11%) OpenText VIM for SAP
16 4 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 693 (19.48%) Azure
2 679 (19.08%) AWS
3 215 (6.04%) GCP
4 192 (5.40%) Power Platform
5 159 (4.47%) SaaS
6 122 (3.43%) GitHub
7 100 (2.81%) Cloud Computing
7 100 (2.81%) Serverless
8 58 (1.63%) OpenShift
9 56 (1.57%) PaaS
10 53 (1.49%) Office 365
11 52 (1.46%) Dynamics 365
12 36 (1.01%) Amazon EC2
13 34 (0.96%) Amazon S3
14 33 (0.93%) AWS CloudFormation
15 32 (0.90%) Amazon SQS
15 32 (0.90%) IaaS
16 24 (0.67%) npm
17 23 (0.65%) AWS Lambda
18 22 (0.62%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 108 (3.04%) Internet
2 99 (2.78%) HTTP
3 46 (1.29%) TCP/IP
4 27 (0.76%) Firewall
5 21 (0.59%) Broadband
6 19 (0.53%) DNS
6 19 (0.53%) NAS
6 19 (0.53%) SAN
7 16 (0.45%) VoIP
7 16 (0.45%) VPN
8 15 (0.42%) CTI
9 14 (0.39%) FTP
10 12 (0.34%) HTTPS
11 11 (0.31%) SSL
12 9 (0.25%) SMS
13 8 (0.22%) Multicast
14 7 (0.20%) DHCP
14 7 (0.20%) Network Security
14 7 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
15 6 (0.17%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,363 (38.31%) SQL Server
2 1,140 (32.04%) RDBMS
3 654 (18.38%) MySQL
4 452 (12.70%) PostgreSQL
5 404 (11.35%) Data Warehouse
6 345 (9.70%) NoSQL
7 326 (9.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 279 (7.84%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 260 (7.31%) Big Data
10 224 (6.30%) MongoDB
11 192 (5.40%) Power BI
12 155 (4.36%) Oracle Database
13 136 (3.82%) Hadoop
14 119 (3.34%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 96 (2.70%) SQL Server 2012
16 89 (2.50%) Apache Cassandra
17 88 (2.47%) DB2
18 79 (2.22%) Apache Hive
19 71 (2.00%) SQL Server 2008
20 65 (1.83%) Redis
Development Applications
1 435 (12.23%) Git (software)
2 268 (7.53%) Jenkins
3 210 (5.90%) JIRA
4 148 (4.16%) Maven
5 120 (3.37%) TeamCity
6 119 (3.34%) JUnit
7 110 (3.09%) Selenium
8 101 (2.84%) Team Foundation Server
9 97 (2.73%) Subversion
10 93 (2.61%) Visual Studio
11 64 (1.80%) Cucumber
12 57 (1.60%) Ant
13 42 (1.18%) JMeter
14 40 (1.12%) SonarQube
15 39 (1.10%) Sonatype Nexus
15 39 (1.10%) webpack
16 38 (1.07%) Oracle Forms
17 36 (1.01%) GitLab
18 35 (0.98%) Hudson
19 34 (0.96%) Bitbucket
General
1 682 (19.17%) Finance
2 251 (7.05%) Banking
3 163 (4.58%) Retail
4 138 (3.88%) Marketing
5 91 (2.56%) Front Office
6 69 (1.94%) Manufacturing
7 66 (1.85%) Public Sector
8 63 (1.77%) Telecoms
9 62 (1.74%) Legal
10 52 (1.46%) Investment Banking
11 43 (1.21%) Games
12 41 (1.15%) French Language
13 39 (1.10%) German Language
14 38 (1.07%) Automotive
15 35 (0.98%) Law
16 32 (0.90%) Advertising
17 27 (0.76%) Back Office
18 25 (0.70%) Billing
19 24 (0.67%) Private Banking
20 22 (0.62%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,609 (45.22%) Developer
2 452 (12.70%) Java Developer
3 357 (10.03%) Analyst
4 318 (8.94%) Senior Developer
5 308 (8.66%) Software Engineer
6 292 (8.21%) Software Developer
7 273 (7.67%) Architect
8 245 (6.89%) C# Developer
9 239 (6.72%) .NET Developer
10 206 (5.79%) DBA
11 164 (4.61%) SQL Developer
12 153 (4.30%) Consultant
13 150 (4.22%) Data Engineer
13 150 (4.22%) Junior
14 136 (3.82%) Full Stack Developer
15 135 (3.79%) Python Developer
16 127 (3.57%) Administrator
17 115 (3.23%) Java Engineer
18 113 (3.18%) SQL DBA
19 109 (3.06%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 785 (22.06%) .NET
2 627 (17.62%) HTML
3 478 (13.43%) CSS
4 418 (11.75%) Web Services
5 390 (10.96%) AngularJS
6 381 (10.71%) Spring
7 345 (9.70%) ASP.NET
8 325 (9.13%) RESTful
9 277 (7.79%) XML
10 266 (7.48%) jQuery
11 257 (7.22%) .NET Framework
12 248 (6.97%) REST
13 246 (6.91%) Node.js
14 212 (5.96%) J2EE
15 210 (5.90%) React
16 208 (5.85%) HTML5
17 189 (5.31%) JSON
18 175 (4.92%) Hibernate
19 169 (4.75%) ASP.NET MVC
20 144 (4.05%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 402 (11.30%) Analytical Skills
2 221 (6.21%) Self-Motivation
3 172 (4.83%) User Experience
4 149 (4.19%) Data Structures
5 146 (4.10%) Management Information System
6 142 (3.99%) Greenfield Project
7 135 (3.79%) Mobile App
8 119 (3.34%) Algorithms
9 91 (2.56%) Derivative
10 90 (2.53%) Enterprise Software
11 77 (2.16%) Replication
12 68 (1.91%) Client/Server
13 58 (1.63%) Clustering
13 58 (1.63%) Virtual Team
14 53 (1.49%) Fixed Income
15 50 (1.41%) Hedge funds
16 48 (1.35%) Cloud Native
17 47 (1.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 45 (1.26%) Pricing Data
19 42 (1.18%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 544 (15.29%) Linux
2 390 (10.96%) Windows
3 271 (7.62%) Unix
4 92 (2.59%) Windows Server
5 62 (1.74%) Android
6 44 (1.24%) Apple iOS
7 33 (0.93%) Windows Server 2012
8 21 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 20 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
10 18 (0.51%) Solaris
11 15 (0.42%) CentOS
11 15 (0.42%) Mac OS
12 14 (0.39%) Oracle Linux
12 14 (0.39%) Windows 7
13 13 (0.37%) Windows 8
14 10 (0.28%) Ubuntu
15 7 (0.20%) Mac OS X
15 7 (0.20%) Windows Mobile
15 7 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
16 6 (0.17%) VME
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,370 (38.50%) Agile Software Development
2 622 (17.48%) Software Engineering
3 540 (15.18%) DevOps
4 529 (14.87%) OO
4 529 (14.87%) Problem-Solving
5 484 (13.60%) ETL
6 465 (13.07%) Scrum
7 455 (12.79%) Microservices
8 415 (11.66%) Business Intelligence
9 406 (11.41%) TDD
10 399 (11.21%) Computer Science
11 395 (11.10%) Analytics
12 382 (10.74%) MVC
13 308 (8.66%) Continuous Integration
14 292 (8.21%) Data Modelling
15 289 (8.12%) Test Automation
16 273 (7.67%) Mentoring
17 262 (7.36%) Unit Testing
18 254 (7.14%) OOP
19 236 (6.63%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,984 (55.76%) SQL
2 1,106 (31.08%) Java
3 861 (24.20%) C#
4 780 (21.92%) JavaScript
5 668 (18.77%) Python
6 342 (9.61%) T-SQL
7 226 (6.35%) C++
8 211 (5.93%) PHP
9 153 (4.30%) VB.NET
10 139 (3.91%) PL/SQL
11 118 (3.32%) PowerShell
12 117 (3.29%) Java 8
13 116 (3.26%) R
14 111 (3.12%) TypeScript
15 110 (3.09%) C
16 109 (3.06%) Bash Shell
17 108 (3.04%) Scala
18 92 (2.59%) Ruby
19 81 (2.28%) Shell Script
20 66 (1.85%) Perl
Qualifications
1 520 (14.61%) Degree
2 177 (4.97%) Computer Science Degree
3 84 (2.36%) Security Cleared
4 60 (1.69%) Microsoft Certification
5 50 (1.41%) Master's Degree
6 38 (1.07%) PhD
6 38 (1.07%) SC Cleared
7 33 (0.93%) HND
7 33 (0.93%) ISTQB
8 28 (0.79%) DV Cleared
9 27 (0.76%) Numerate Degree
10 25 (0.70%) MCP
11 23 (0.65%) Oracle Certification
12 21 (0.59%) MCAD
12 21 (0.59%) MCTS
12 21 (0.59%) OCP
13 14 (0.39%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 13 (0.37%) HNC
15 12 (0.34%) MBA
15 12 (0.34%) MCPD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 221 (6.21%) QA
2 98 (2.75%) Data Quality
3 37 (1.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 28 (0.79%) SLA
5 26 (0.73%) GDPR
6 21 (0.59%) DICOM
7 8 (0.22%) ISO 9001
8 7 (0.20%) Basel III
8 7 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 7 (0.20%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 3 (0.084%) Cyber Essentials
10 3 (0.084%) HL7
11 2 (0.056%) EMIR
11 2 (0.056%) MiFID
11 2 (0.056%) PSD2
12 1 (0.028%) COBIT
12 1 (0.028%) ISO 15022
12 1 (0.028%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.028%) NIST
System Software
1 371 (10.43%) Docker
2 64 (1.80%) Active Directory
3 43 (1.21%) VMware Infrastructure
4 37 (1.04%) Oracle RAC
5 25 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (0.28%) HDFS
7 9 (0.25%) Firmware
7 9 (0.25%) vCloud
8 6 (0.17%) GridGain
8 6 (0.17%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 5 (0.14%) Terminal Server
10 4 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
10 4 (0.11%) vSphere
10 4 (0.11%) Xen
10 4 (0.11%) XenApp
11 3 (0.084%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.084%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 2 (0.056%) ISA Server
Systems Management
1 212 (5.96%) Kubernetes
2 124 (3.49%) Ansible
3 112 (3.15%) Puppet
4 93 (2.61%) Opscode Chef
5 82 (2.30%) Terraform
6 28 (0.79%) Data Guard
7 24 (0.67%) HP ALM
8 20 (0.56%) Grafana
8 20 (0.56%) Oracle RMAN
9 18 (0.51%) HP Quality Center
9 18 (0.51%) Prometheus
10 16 (0.45%) Cisco CUCM
10 16 (0.45%) Oozie
10 16 (0.45%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 12 (0.34%) Ambari
11 12 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
11 12 (0.34%) Istio
12 11 (0.31%) linkerd
13 10 (0.28%) Nagios
14 9 (0.25%) SCCM
Vendors
1 921 (25.89%) Oracle
2 717 (20.15%) Microsoft
3 184 (5.17%) Google
4 141 (3.96%) Tableau
5 108 (3.04%) Salesforce.com
6 98 (2.75%) SAP
7 96 (2.70%) Sybase
8 86 (2.42%) WorldPay
9 81 (2.28%) VMware
10 77 (2.16%) IBM
11 65 (1.83%) Adobe
12 56 (1.57%) Informatica
13 55 (1.55%) Red Hat
14 44 (1.24%) Talend
15 41 (1.15%) Atlassian
16 40 (1.12%) hybris
17 37 (1.04%) Elastic Path
18 36 (1.01%) Interwoven
19 32 (0.90%) HP
20 31 (0.87%) Avaloq