Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 114 132 136
Rank change year-on-year +18 +4 -11
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 3,823 1,576 3,210
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.99% 2.49% 2.55%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 11.16% 9.06% 9.41%
Number of salaries quoted 2,109 1,288 2,442
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,631 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.78% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £76,250 £73,750 £75,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,591
% change year-on-year +5.26% +4.19% +1.31%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 34,258 17,398 34,112
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.75% 27.49% 27.11%
Number of salaries quoted 21,399 14,716 28,224
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £32,000
25th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £72,500 £71,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +3.09% +7.78% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +5 3,134 £60,000 +9.09% 473
London +32 1,733 £70,000 - 223
UK excluding London -16 1,538 £50,000 +5.26% 291
Work from Home +23 994 £62,500 +4.17% 92
South East +2 463 £55,000 - 62
North of England -6 347 £50,000 +11.11% 71
South West -9 204 £52,500 +10.53% 29
North West -9 201 £50,000 +11.11% 50
Midlands -30 199 £50,000 +11.11% 64
Scotland +8 177 £45,000 -10.00% 30
West Midlands -10 142 £47,500 -5.00% 43
Yorkshire -11 124 £47,500 +10.47% 16
East of England -62 116 £50,000 -9.09% 20
East Midlands -65 55 £55,000 +46.67% 21
North East -20 22 £40,750 -17.44% 5
Northern Ireland -20 20 £41,500 -7.78% 7
Wales -53 20 £45,000 -8.16% 8

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,813 (47.42%) Agile Software Development
2 1,805 (47.21%) SQL
3 1,218 (31.86%) AWS
4 1,164 (30.45%) Java
5 1,088 (28.46%) Social Skills
6 1,045 (27.33%) JavaScript
7 1,035 (27.07%) RDBMS
8 993 (25.97%) Python
9 918 (24.01%) Azure
10 910 (23.80%) DevOps
11 902 (23.59%) Finance
12 890 (23.28%) Software Engineering
13 888 (23.23%) Degree
14 879 (22.99%) SQL Server
15 827 (21.63%) CI/CD
16 815 (21.32%) Microservices
17 778 (20.35%) PostgreSQL
18 772 (20.19%) Problem-Solving
19 751 (19.64%) Git (software)
20 749 (19.59%) C#
21 731 (19.12%) NoSQL
22 730 (19.09%) Docker
23 711 (18.60%) React
24 685 (17.92%) MySQL
25 677 (17.71%) Oracle
26 635 (16.61%) Kubernetes
27 627 (16.40%) Spring
28 623 (16.30%) Computer Science
29 612 (16.01%) .NET
30 602 (15.75%) Full Stack Development

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 192 (5.02%) Elasticsearch
2 175 (4.58%) Apache Spark
3 124 (3.24%) Apache
4 99 (2.59%) Confluence
5 68 (1.78%) Tomcat
6 58 (1.52%) WebLogic
7 56 (1.46%) Apache Airflow
8 53 (1.39%) JBoss
9 51 (1.33%) SAS
10 45 (1.18%) Mule
11 40 (1.05%) GemFire
12 37 (0.97%) Anypoint
12 37 (0.97%) CMS
12 37 (0.97%) Mule ESB
12 37 (0.97%) SharePoint
13 31 (0.81%) IIS
13 31 (0.81%) WordPress
14 30 (0.78%) Luigi
15 26 (0.68%) Apache Solr
15 26 (0.68%) Tornado
Applications
1 183 (4.79%) Microsoft Excel
2 81 (2.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 62 (1.62%) Microsoft Office
4 54 (1.41%) Spreadsheet
5 21 (0.55%) MS Visio
6 20 (0.52%) InVision
7 15 (0.39%) Sketch
8 11 (0.29%) OmniGraffle
9 2 (0.052%) FileZilla
9 2 (0.052%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.026%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.026%) Houdini
10 1 (0.026%) Maya
10 1 (0.026%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 69 (1.80%) Oracle Clinical
2 21 (0.55%) Temenos T24
3 14 (0.37%) Magento
4 13 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
5 11 (0.29%) JDE OneWorld
6 9 (0.24%) NetSuite
6 9 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
6 9 (0.24%) Raiser's Edge
6 9 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 7 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
7 7 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
8 6 (0.16%) JDE EnterpriseOne
9 5 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
10 3 (0.078%) Loan IQ
10 3 (0.078%) SAP Oil and Gas
11 2 (0.052%) Eikon
11 2 (0.052%) IBM Planning Analytics
11 2 (0.052%) Line 50
11 2 (0.052%) Markit EDM
11 2 (0.052%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 1,218 (31.86%) AWS
2 918 (24.01%) Azure
3 445 (11.64%) GCP
4 373 (9.76%) GitHub
5 283 (7.40%) SaaS
6 221 (5.78%) Serverless
7 217 (5.68%) Power Platform
8 150 (3.92%) Amazon S3
9 103 (2.69%) Snowflake
10 96 (2.51%) Amazon EC2
10 96 (2.51%) Amazon Kinesis
11 85 (2.22%) Amazon SQS
12 77 (2.01%) AWS Lambda
12 77 (2.01%) PaaS
13 69 (1.80%) Cloud Computing
14 67 (1.75%) Amazon ECS
14 67 (1.75%) AWS CloudFormation
15 59 (1.54%) Heroku
16 56 (1.46%) IaaS
17 50 (1.31%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 139 (3.64%) HTTP
2 69 (1.80%) Internet
3 57 (1.49%) Firewall
4 44 (1.15%) DNS
5 34 (0.89%) TCP/IP
6 20 (0.52%) SAN
7 19 (0.50%) MQTT
7 19 (0.50%) SSL
8 16 (0.42%) Broadband
9 15 (0.39%) VPN
10 14 (0.37%) SSH
11 11 (0.29%) SMTP
12 10 (0.26%) FTP
13 9 (0.24%) AMQP
14 6 (0.16%) 5G
14 6 (0.16%) RTSP
14 6 (0.16%) Unified Communications
15 5 (0.13%) LAN
15 5 (0.13%) Network Security
15 5 (0.13%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,035 (27.07%) RDBMS
2 879 (22.99%) SQL Server
3 778 (20.35%) PostgreSQL
4 731 (19.12%) NoSQL
5 685 (17.92%) MySQL
6 398 (10.41%) Data Warehouse
7 329 (8.61%) MongoDB
8 315 (8.24%) Big Data
9 276 (7.22%) Redis
10 211 (5.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 208 (5.44%) Power BI
12 189 (4.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 185 (4.84%) Hadoop
14 154 (4.03%) Data Lake
15 145 (3.79%) Tableau
16 134 (3.51%) Apache Cassandra
17 123 (3.22%) Oracle Database
18 122 (3.19%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 104 (2.72%) Amazon RDS
20 98 (2.56%) HBase
Development Applications
1 751 (19.64%) Git (software)
2 410 (10.72%) Jenkins
3 237 (6.20%) JIRA
4 144 (3.77%) JUnit
5 120 (3.14%) Cypress.io
6 101 (2.64%) Bitbucket
7 96 (2.51%) GitLab
8 91 (2.38%) Cucumber
8 91 (2.38%) Octopus Deploy
9 90 (2.35%) Gradle
10 87 (2.28%) Visual Studio
11 84 (2.20%) Maven
11 84 (2.20%) Selenium
11 84 (2.20%) Team Foundation Server
12 82 (2.14%) Subversion
13 79 (2.07%) NUnit
14 77 (2.01%) Eclipse
15 71 (1.86%) CircleCI
16 69 (1.80%) Postman
17 65 (1.70%) PHPUnit
General
1 1,088 (28.46%) Social Skills
2 902 (23.59%) Finance
3 544 (14.23%) Analytical Skills
4 245 (6.41%) Banking
5 210 (5.49%) Retail
6 207 (5.41%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 183 (4.79%) Law
8 162 (4.24%) Presentation Skills
9 137 (3.58%) Marketing
10 121 (3.17%) Public Sector
11 119 (3.11%) Games
12 87 (2.28%) Publishing
13 84 (2.20%) Pharmaceutical
14 76 (1.99%) Advertising
15 68 (1.78%) Manufacturing
16 64 (1.67%) Legal
17 61 (1.60%) Automotive
18 60 (1.57%) Financial Institution
19 53 (1.39%) Telecoms
20 38 (0.99%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,510 (39.50%) Developer
2 481 (12.58%) Software Engineer
3 349 (9.13%) Java Developer
4 323 (8.45%) Analyst
5 247 (6.46%) Data Engineer
6 245 (6.41%) Senior Developer
7 243 (6.36%) Senior Software Engineer
8 230 (6.02%) Software Developer
9 214 (5.60%) Full Stack Developer
10 176 (4.60%) Architect
11 169 (4.42%) .NET Developer
12 134 (3.51%) Lead Developer
13 129 (3.37%) Backend Developer
14 121 (3.17%) C# Developer
15 117 (3.06%) DevOps Engineer
16 116 (3.03%) PHP Developer
17 113 (2.96%) Java Engineer
18 100 (2.62%) DBA
19 93 (2.43%) Data Analyst
20 88 (2.30%) Data Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 711 (18.60%) React
2 627 (16.40%) Spring
3 612 (16.01%) .NET
4 578 (15.12%) REST
5 491 (12.84%) Web Services
6 489 (12.79%) Node.js
7 479 (12.53%) CSS
8 478 (12.50%) AngularJS
9 471 (12.32%) RESTful
10 434 (11.35%) HTML
11 428 (11.20%) Kafka
12 321 (8.40%) Spring Boot
13 302 (7.90%) XML
14 283 (7.40%) JSON
15 274 (7.17%) ASP.NET
16 244 (6.38%) Vue.js
17 234 (6.12%) RabbitMQ
18 209 (5.47%) SOAP
19 206 (5.39%) .NET Framework
20 183 (4.79%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 326 (8.53%) User Experience
2 228 (5.96%) Data Structures
3 179 (4.68%) Algorithms
4 167 (4.37%) Self-Motivation
5 158 (4.13%) Enterprise Software
6 157 (4.11%) Mobile App
7 116 (3.03%) Cloud Native
8 102 (2.67%) Greenfield Project
9 101 (2.64%) Virtual Team
10 86 (2.25%) Management Information System
11 70 (1.83%) Social Media
12 64 (1.67%) Life Science
13 62 (1.62%) Public Cloud
14 61 (1.60%) Linux Command Line
15 59 (1.54%) Legacy Systems
16 52 (1.36%) Blog
16 52 (1.36%) Photography
17 43 (1.12%) Client/Server
18 34 (0.89%) e-Health
19 33 (0.86%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 465 (12.16%) Linux
2 305 (7.98%) Windows
3 275 (7.19%) Unix
4 99 (2.59%) Android
5 85 (2.22%) Apple iOS
6 66 (1.73%) Windows Server
7 26 (0.68%) Ubuntu
8 25 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 22 (0.58%) VMS
10 18 (0.47%) CentOS
11 14 (0.37%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 12 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
13 11 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
14 9 (0.24%) Solaris
15 7 (0.18%) Mac OS
16 4 (0.10%) Windows 10
17 1 (0.026%) AIX
17 1 (0.026%) DC/OS
17 1 (0.026%) Kali Linux
17 1 (0.026%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,813 (47.42%) Agile Software Development
2 910 (23.80%) DevOps
3 890 (23.28%) Software Engineering
4 827 (21.63%) CI/CD
5 815 (21.32%) Microservices
6 772 (20.19%) Problem-Solving
7 623 (16.30%) Computer Science
8 602 (15.75%) Full Stack Development
9 566 (14.81%) Analytics
10 559 (14.62%) Scrum
11 557 (14.57%) TDD
12 543 (14.20%) OO
13 482 (12.61%) Test Automation
14 464 (12.14%) Business Intelligence
15 430 (11.25%) Mentoring
16 406 (10.62%) ETL
17 398 (10.41%) Data Modelling
18 391 (10.23%) Continuous Integration
19 368 (9.63%) MVC
20 355 (9.29%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,805 (47.21%) SQL
2 1,164 (30.45%) Java
3 1,045 (27.33%) JavaScript
4 993 (25.97%) Python
5 749 (19.59%) C#
6 345 (9.02%) TypeScript
7 268 (7.01%) PHP
8 168 (4.39%) T-SQL
9 161 (4.21%) Go
10 153 (4.00%) Java 8
11 150 (3.92%) Shell Script
12 138 (3.61%) Bash
13 133 (3.48%) R
14 130 (3.40%) PowerShell
15 113 (2.96%) Scala
16 109 (2.85%) C++
17 107 (2.80%) Kotlin
18 106 (2.77%) PL/SQL
19 95 (2.48%) Ruby
20 94 (2.46%) C
Qualifications
1 888 (23.23%) Degree
2 298 (7.79%) Computer Science Degree
3 147 (3.85%) Master's Degree
4 112 (2.93%) Security Cleared
5 84 (2.20%) SC Cleared
6 55 (1.44%) Oracle Certification
7 46 (1.20%) OCP
8 38 (0.99%) Microsoft Certification
9 33 (0.86%) AWS Certification
10 31 (0.81%) PhD
11 18 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
12 16 (0.42%) ISEB
13 15 (0.39%) DBS Check
14 11 (0.29%) PMI Certification
15 10 (0.26%) ISTQB
15 10 (0.26%) PMP
16 9 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
17 8 (0.21%) CBAP
18 7 (0.18%) DV Cleared
19 6 (0.16%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 342 (8.95%) QA
2 182 (4.76%) Data Quality
3 97 (2.54%) GDPR
4 81 (2.12%) Good Clinical Practice
5 60 (1.57%) Accessibility
6 28 (0.73%) PCI DSS
7 26 (0.68%) SLA
8 24 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 16 (0.42%) CDISC
9 16 (0.42%) MiFID
10 14 (0.37%) EMIR
11 9 (0.24%) NIST
12 8 (0.21%) HIPAA
13 7 (0.18%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 6 (0.16%) PMO
15 5 (0.13%) FATCA
15 5 (0.13%) IFRS
16 4 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 4 (0.10%) SOC 2
17 3 (0.078%) HL7
System Software
1 730 (19.09%) Docker
2 62 (1.62%) VMware Infrastructure
3 56 (1.46%) HDFS
4 32 (0.84%) Active Directory
5 23 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
6 11 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 7 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
8 6 (0.16%) Varnish
9 4 (0.10%) vCloud
9 4 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.026%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.026%) BitLocker
10 1 (0.026%) Firmware
10 1 (0.026%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.026%) NDS
10 1 (0.026%) Shibboleth
10 1 (0.026%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 635 (16.61%) Kubernetes
2 317 (8.29%) Terraform
3 203 (5.31%) Ansible
4 90 (2.35%) Opscode Chef
5 70 (1.83%) Grafana
6 67 (1.75%) Puppet
7 58 (1.52%) Kibana
8 36 (0.94%) logstash
9 25 (0.65%) Docker Swarm
10 24 (0.63%) Apache Brooklyn
11 22 (0.58%) Data Guard
11 22 (0.58%) Prometheus
12 19 (0.50%) HAProxy
12 19 (0.50%) Opsgenie
12 19 (0.50%) Pingdom
12 19 (0.50%) ZABBIX
13 18 (0.47%) Oracle RMAN
14 17 (0.44%) Oozie
14 17 (0.44%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 17 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 677 (17.71%) Oracle
2 529 (13.84%) Microsoft
3 306 (8.00%) Google
4 160 (4.19%) Salesforce.com
5 77 (2.01%) MuleSoft
6 76 (1.99%) Informatica
7 67 (1.75%) VMware
8 64 (1.67%) Databricks
9 55 (1.44%) ServiceNow
10 51 (1.33%) SAP
11 47 (1.23%) New Relic
12 46 (1.20%) Xamarin
13 45 (1.18%) Red Hat
14 44 (1.15%) Okta
14 44 (1.15%) Talend
15 43 (1.12%) Splunk
16 42 (1.10%) Apple
17 38 (0.99%) Atlassian
18 36 (0.94%) Teradata
19 33 (0.86%) IBM