Period
to 13 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 13 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 116 121 102
Rank change year-on-year +5 -19 -13
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 4,551 4,934 5,448
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.85% 2.75% 2.95%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.89% 9.06% 9.89%
Number of salaries quoted 3,613 3,644 4,338
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,750 £30,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 45,998 54,445 55,069
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.80% 30.30% 29.79%
Number of salaries quoted 37,790 44,893 47,090
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 4,121 £52,500 +5.00% 670
UK excluding London +7 2,499 £45,000 - 461
London +4 1,964 £60,000 - 260
South East +10 839 £52,500 +16.67% 107
North of England +18 479 £45,000 +5.88% 117
Midlands +59 310 £42,500 -3.41% 69
Scotland +5 298 £45,000 +7.78% 31
East of England -14 296 £45,000 -4.26% 56
North West -5 258 £45,000 - 67
South West -5 257 £45,000 +12.50% 61
West Midlands +58 228 £45,000 +5.88% 50
Yorkshire +34 192 £45,000 +12.50% 47
East Midlands +15 81 £41,500 -7.78% 19
Wales -5 45 £45,000 +16.88% 14
North East -11 29 £37,500 -6.25% 3
Northern Ireland -27 23 £40,000 +33.33% 5

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2,624 (57.66%) SQL
2 1,704 (37.44%) Agile Software Development
3 1,688 (37.09%) Java
4 1,600 (35.16%) SQL Server
5 1,531 (33.64%) RDBMS
6 1,320 (29.00%) Oracle
7 1,286 (28.26%) JavaScript
8 1,257 (27.62%) Finance
9 1,054 (23.16%) HTML
10 999 (21.95%) Microsoft
11 996 (21.89%) Python
12 980 (21.53%) C#
13 973 (21.38%) Linux
14 921 (20.24%) .NET
15 822 (18.06%) Amazon AWS
16 793 (17.42%) CSS
17 781 (17.16%) NoSQL
18 764 (16.79%) Degree
19 760 (16.70%) MySQL
20 732 (16.08%) OO
21 692 (15.21%) Problem-Solving
22 680 (14.94%) Git (software)
23 677 (14.88%) Web Services
24 668 (14.68%) Software Engineering
25 618 (13.58%) Spring
26 602 (13.23%) Microsoft Azure
27 583 (12.81%) AngularJS
28 577 (12.68%) PostgreSQL
29 571 (12.55%) Analytical Skills
30 570 (12.52%) TDD

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 163 (3.58%) Apache Spark
2 162 (3.56%) Apache
3 150 (3.30%) Tomcat
4 136 (2.99%) JBoss
5 127 (2.79%) Elasticsearch
6 119 (2.61%) WebSphere
7 116 (2.55%) IIS
8 100 (2.20%) Confluence
9 95 (2.09%) SharePoint
10 75 (1.65%) CMS
11 68 (1.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 62 (1.36%) WebLogic
13 52 (1.14%) MQSeries
14 45 (0.99%) SAS
15 38 (0.83%) GlassFish
15 38 (0.83%) nginx
15 38 (0.83%) OpenStack
16 33 (0.73%) Apache Pig
16 33 (0.73%) Apache Solr
17 23 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 198 (4.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 92 (2.02%) Microsoft Office
3 42 (0.92%) MS Visio
4 23 (0.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 23 (0.51%) Spreadsheet
5 11 (0.24%) Photoshop
5 11 (0.24%) Weka
6 7 (0.15%) HipChat
6 7 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
7 4 (0.088%) GNU Octave
8 3 (0.066%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.066%) SPSS
9 1 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.022%) Adobe Premiere
9 1 (0.022%) ArchiCAD
9 1 (0.022%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.022%) GIMP
9 1 (0.022%) MicroStation
9 1 (0.022%) Revit
9 1 (0.022%) Stata
Business Applications
1 36 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 33 (0.73%) Magento
3 25 (0.55%) SAP Hybris
4 24 (0.53%) Oracle EBS
4 24 (0.53%) Oracle EBS R12
5 21 (0.46%) Dynamics AX
5 21 (0.46%) Oracle Applications
6 20 (0.44%) Oracle 11i
7 16 (0.35%) SDL Web 8
8 14 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
9 11 (0.24%) NetSuite
10 10 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
11 9 (0.20%) Markit EDM
11 9 (0.20%) SAP ERP
12 7 (0.15%) Cognos Business Intelligence
12 7 (0.15%) Unit4 Business World
13 6 (0.13%) Infor SunSystems
13 6 (0.13%) osCommerce
13 6 (0.13%) SimCorp Dimension
14 5 (0.11%) Northgate Housing
Cloud Services
1 822 (18.06%) Amazon AWS
2 602 (13.23%) Microsoft Azure
3 200 (4.39%) SaaS
4 128 (2.81%) GitHub
5 108 (2.37%) Serverless
6 106 (2.33%) Google Cloud Platform
7 96 (2.11%) Amazon EC2
8 91 (2.00%) IaaS
9 85 (1.87%) PaaS
10 83 (1.82%) Amazon S3
10 83 (1.82%) Cloud Computing
11 70 (1.54%) Office 365
12 57 (1.25%) AWS Lambda
13 45 (0.99%) Amazon EMR
14 43 (0.94%) Amazon Kinesis
14 43 (0.94%) OpenShift
15 39 (0.86%) Amazon SQS
16 36 (0.79%) AWS CloudFormation
17 33 (0.73%) Azure Active Directory
18 25 (0.55%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 146 (3.21%) Internet
2 131 (2.88%) HTTP
3 70 (1.54%) TCP/IP
4 45 (0.99%) DNS
5 39 (0.86%) Firewall
6 34 (0.75%) Network Security
7 33 (0.73%) SAN
8 28 (0.62%) VPN
9 22 (0.48%) SSL
10 20 (0.44%) NAS
11 19 (0.42%) AMQP
12 14 (0.31%) DHCP
12 14 (0.31%) FTP
13 12 (0.26%) HTTPS
13 12 (0.26%) LAN
13 12 (0.26%) SMTP
13 12 (0.26%) WAN
14 11 (0.24%) IPv6
14 11 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
15 10 (0.22%) WPA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,600 (35.16%) SQL Server
2 1,531 (33.64%) RDBMS
3 781 (17.16%) NoSQL
4 760 (16.70%) MySQL
5 577 (12.68%) PostgreSQL
6 479 (10.53%) Data Warehouse
7 455 (10.00%) Big Data
8 418 (9.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 363 (7.98%) MongoDB
10 336 (7.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 328 (7.21%) Oracle Database
12 247 (5.43%) Hadoop
13 211 (4.64%) Apache Cassandra
14 207 (4.55%) SQL Server 2008
15 193 (4.24%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 163 (3.58%) Power BI
17 138 (3.03%) SQL Server 2012
18 123 (2.70%) BusinessObjects
19 114 (2.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 114 (2.50%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 680 (14.94%) Git (software)
2 323 (7.10%) Jenkins
3 262 (5.76%) Maven
4 235 (5.16%) JIRA
5 200 (4.39%) Subversion
6 138 (3.03%) Selenium
7 134 (2.94%) Visual Studio
8 124 (2.72%) JUnit
9 98 (2.15%) Eclipse
10 96 (2.11%) TeamCity
11 87 (1.91%) Gradle
12 80 (1.76%) Team Foundation Server
13 78 (1.71%) Ant
14 73 (1.60%) Cucumber
15 66 (1.45%) Bitbucket
16 51 (1.12%) Visual Studio Team System
17 49 (1.08%) NUnit
18 44 (0.97%) Octopus Deploy
19 40 (0.88%) webpack
20 36 (0.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 1,257 (27.62%) Finance
2 459 (10.09%) Banking
3 232 (5.10%) Retail
4 210 (4.61%) Marketing
5 134 (2.94%) Investment Banking
6 107 (2.35%) Financial Institution
7 77 (1.69%) Advertising
8 72 (1.58%) Games
9 71 (1.56%) Front Office
10 65 (1.43%) Manufacturing
11 58 (1.27%) Legal
12 56 (1.23%) Telecoms
13 52 (1.14%) Law
14 44 (0.97%) Back Office
14 44 (0.97%) Electronics
15 36 (0.79%) German Language
16 31 (0.68%) French Language
17 18 (0.40%) Automotive
18 16 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
19 12 (0.26%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,181 (47.92%) Developer
2 667 (14.66%) Java Developer
3 501 (11.01%) Senior Developer
4 496 (10.90%) Analyst
5 375 (8.24%) Architect
6 320 (7.03%) C# Developer
7 297 (6.53%) Software Developer
8 269 (5.91%) .NET Developer
9 265 (5.82%) SQL Developer
10 257 (5.65%) DBA
11 256 (5.63%) Software Engineer
12 204 (4.48%) Applications Support
13 172 (3.78%) Java Engineer
14 167 (3.67%) Senior Java Developer
14 167 (3.67%) Support Analyst
15 163 (3.58%) Consultant
16 159 (3.49%) Junior
17 152 (3.34%) C# .NET Developer
18 150 (3.30%) Python Developer
19 148 (3.25%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,054 (23.16%) HTML
2 921 (20.24%) .NET
3 793 (17.42%) CSS
4 677 (14.88%) Web Services
5 618 (13.58%) Spring
6 583 (12.81%) AngularJS
7 541 (11.89%) XML
8 410 (9.01%) RESTful
9 405 (8.90%) REST
10 395 (8.68%) ASP.NET
11 377 (8.28%) HTML5
12 351 (7.71%) jQuery
13 343 (7.54%) Hibernate
14 293 (6.44%) SOAP
15 292 (6.42%) Node.js
16 290 (6.37%) JSON
17 244 (5.36%) React
18 238 (5.23%) .NET Framework
19 227 (4.99%) Spring Boot
20 211 (4.64%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 571 (12.55%) Analytical Skills
2 262 (5.76%) Fintech
3 227 (4.99%) Enterprise Software
4 193 (4.24%) Data Structures
5 181 (3.98%) User Experience
6 177 (3.89%) Self-Motivation
7 173 (3.80%) Algorithms
8 156 (3.43%) Greenfield Project
9 140 (3.08%) Management Information System
10 121 (2.66%) Mobile App
11 113 (2.48%) Virtual Team
12 97 (2.13%) Derivative
13 73 (1.60%) Replication
14 68 (1.49%) Hedge funds
15 67 (1.47%) Linux Command Line
16 66 (1.45%) Clustering
17 59 (1.30%) Cyberthreat
18 37 (0.81%) NHS
19 36 (0.79%) Analytical Mindset
20 35 (0.77%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 973 (21.38%) Linux
2 538 (11.82%) Unix
3 484 (10.64%) Windows
4 125 (2.75%) Windows Server
5 107 (2.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 63 (1.38%) Android
7 61 (1.34%) Apple iOS
8 60 (1.32%) CentOS
9 41 (0.90%) Solaris
10 40 (0.88%) Ubuntu
11 36 (0.79%) AIX
12 25 (0.55%) Windows Server 2008
13 24 (0.53%) Windows Server 2012
14 20 (0.44%) VMS
15 13 (0.29%) Mac OS X
16 12 (0.26%) CoreOS
16 12 (0.26%) Oracle Linux
17 10 (0.22%) Windows 7
18 9 (0.20%) Debian
19 7 (0.15%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,704 (37.44%) Agile Software Development
2 732 (16.08%) OO
3 692 (15.21%) Problem-Solving
4 668 (14.68%) Software Engineering
5 570 (12.52%) TDD
6 562 (12.35%) Scrum
7 558 (12.26%) ETL
8 556 (12.22%) Computer Science
9 534 (11.73%) Business Intelligence
10 505 (11.10%) MVC
11 486 (10.68%) DevOps
12 484 (10.64%) Continuous Integration
13 479 (10.53%) Test Automation
14 471 (10.35%) Analytics
15 445 (9.78%) Microservices
16 390 (8.57%) SDLC
17 377 (8.28%) Data Modelling
18 328 (7.21%) BDD
19 305 (6.70%) Unit Testing
20 294 (6.46%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 2,624 (57.66%) SQL
2 1,688 (37.09%) Java
3 1,286 (28.26%) JavaScript
4 996 (21.89%) Python
5 980 (21.53%) C#
6 401 (8.81%) T-SQL
7 325 (7.14%) PHP
8 309 (6.79%) PL/SQL
9 295 (6.48%) C++
10 239 (5.25%) Ruby
11 208 (4.57%) Shell Script
12 203 (4.46%) Scala
13 191 (4.20%) Java 8
14 183 (4.02%) PowerShell
15 135 (2.97%) C
16 131 (2.88%) R
17 115 (2.53%) Go
18 114 (2.50%) Bash Shell
19 108 (2.37%) Perl
20 104 (2.29%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 764 (16.79%) Degree
2 240 (5.27%) Computer Science Degree
3 152 (3.34%) Microsoft Certification
4 115 (2.53%) Security Cleared
5 70 (1.54%) Master's Degree
6 63 (1.38%) MCSA
7 55 (1.21%) SC Cleared
8 40 (0.88%) MCSE
9 33 (0.73%) PhD
10 28 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
11 24 (0.53%) DV Cleared
12 20 (0.44%) ISEB
13 19 (0.42%) AWS Certification
14 14 (0.31%) MCDBA
15 12 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
15 12 (0.26%) ISTQB
15 12 (0.26%) Oracle Certification
16 11 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
17 9 (0.20%) OCP
17 9 (0.20%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 239 (5.25%) QA
2 156 (3.43%) Data Quality
3 75 (1.65%) SLA
4 62 (1.36%) GDPR
5 35 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 14 (0.31%) ISO 9001
6 14 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 9 (0.20%) IFRS
8 8 (0.18%) PMO
9 6 (0.13%) DICOM
9 6 (0.13%) PCI DSS
10 5 (0.11%) PSD2
11 4 (0.088%) MiFID
12 3 (0.066%) Cyber Essentials
12 3 (0.066%) GAMP
12 3 (0.066%) IFRS 9
12 3 (0.066%) WCAG
13 1 (0.022%) HL7
13 1 (0.022%) ISO 22301
13 1 (0.022%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 361 (7.93%) Docker
2 130 (2.86%) Active Directory
3 70 (1.54%) Oracle RAC
4 69 (1.52%) VMware Infrastructure
5 54 (1.19%) HDFS
6 49 (1.08%) Virtual Machines
7 29 (0.64%) Hyper-V
8 21 (0.46%) Apache Flume
9 15 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 12 (0.26%) Firmware
11 10 (0.22%) iptables
11 10 (0.22%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
11 10 (0.22%) VirtualBox
12 8 (0.18%) KVM
13 7 (0.15%) LXC
14 6 (0.13%) oVirt
15 3 (0.066%) NFS
15 3 (0.066%) Samba
15 3 (0.066%) vSphere
16 2 (0.044%) RACF
Systems Management
1 196 (4.31%) Ansible
2 158 (3.47%) Kubernetes
3 125 (2.75%) Opscode Chef
4 112 (2.46%) Puppet
5 87 (1.91%) Terraform
6 66 (1.45%) Data Guard
7 38 (0.83%) Oracle RMAN
8 34 (0.75%) Kibana
9 29 (0.64%) logstash
9 29 (0.64%) Mesos
10 28 (0.62%) Nagios
11 24 (0.53%) Prometheus
12 23 (0.51%) HP Quality Center
13 22 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
14 21 (0.46%) Oozie
15 20 (0.44%) BMC PATROL
15 20 (0.44%) Salt
16 18 (0.40%) Control-M
16 18 (0.40%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
16 18 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 1,320 (29.00%) Oracle
2 999 (21.95%) Microsoft
3 198 (4.35%) Google
4 143 (3.14%) Tableau
5 122 (2.68%) SAP
6 113 (2.48%) Sybase
7 107 (2.35%) IBM
8 96 (2.11%) Red Hat
9 83 (1.82%) VMware
10 69 (1.52%) Informatica
11 67 (1.47%) Salesforce.com
12 52 (1.14%) Cognos
13 49 (1.08%) Adobe
14 47 (1.03%) hybris
15 41 (0.90%) Atlassian
15 41 (0.90%) Cloudera
16 39 (0.86%) Splunk
17 38 (0.83%) Teradata
18 37 (0.81%) Hortonworks
19 36 (0.79%) Xamarin