Period
to 20 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
20 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 130 113 107
Rank change year-on-year -17 -6 -15
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 3,832 4,958 5,032
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.67% 2.88% 2.92%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.58% 9.38% 9.49%
Number of salaries quoted 2,973 3,776 3,911
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £30,138
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 40,000 52,846 53,041
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.83% 30.66% 30.76%
Number of salaries quoted 32,678 43,347 44,857
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 20 June 2019.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 20 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -21 3,399 £53,000 +6.00% 135
UK excluding London -11 2,225 £45,000 - 87
London -15 1,506 £65,000 +8.33% 58
South East -16 721 £50,000 - 24
North of England -5 457 £45,000 - 27
North West +13 266 £42,500 -2.86% 7
South West -16 250 £42,500 +13.33% 8
Scotland -5 245 £45,000 - 10
Midlands -5 243 £37,500 -13.79% 5
East of England -9 221 £55,000 +22.22% 13
Yorkshire -18 170 £45,000 - 12
West Midlands -5 150 £40,000 -8.05% 3
East Midlands -4 91 £35,000 -22.22% 2
Wales +4 72 £42,500 -5.56%
Northern Ireland -17 29 £40,000 +6.67%
North East +12 22 £36,000 -10.00% 8
Isle of Man - 3 - -

For the 6 months to 20 June 2019, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2,186 (57.05%) SQL
2 1,481 (38.65%) Agile Software Development
3 1,448 (37.79%) SQL Server
4 1,225 (31.97%) Java
5 1,161 (30.30%) RDBMS
6 1,022 (26.67%) JavaScript
7 985 (25.70%) C#
7 985 (25.70%) Oracle
8 907 (23.67%) .NET
9 850 (22.18%) Microsoft
10 791 (20.64%) HTML
11 752 (19.62%) Python
12 735 (19.18%) Finance
13 713 (18.61%) Amazon AWS
14 689 (17.98%) MySQL
15 688 (17.95%) OO
16 668 (17.43%) Linux
17 656 (17.12%) Microsoft Azure
18 650 (16.96%) CSS
19 627 (16.36%) Software Engineering
20 572 (14.93%) Degree
21 531 (13.86%) Git (software)
22 507 (13.23%) DevOps
23 500 (13.05%) Business Intelligence
24 499 (13.02%) Windows
25 498 (13.00%) PostgreSQL
26 485 (12.66%) Scrum
26 485 (12.66%) ETL
27 477 (12.45%) NoSQL
28 476 (12.42%) TDD

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 165 (4.31%) Tomcat
2 124 (3.24%) Apache Spark
3 121 (3.16%) Apache
4 113 (2.95%) SharePoint
5 102 (2.66%) JBoss
6 97 (2.53%) WebLogic
7 94 (2.45%) WebSphere
8 88 (2.30%) Elasticsearch
9 60 (1.57%) CMS
10 57 (1.49%) Confluence
11 54 (1.41%) IIS
12 43 (1.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 37 (0.97%) SAS
14 35 (0.91%) Apache Solr
15 34 (0.89%) Cloud Foundry
15 34 (0.89%) OpenStack
16 31 (0.81%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 31 (0.81%) nginx
17 20 (0.52%) Apache Pig
17 20 (0.52%) Oracle HTTP Server
Applications
1 226 (5.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 107 (2.79%) Microsoft Office
3 35 (0.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 26 (0.68%) MS Visio
5 15 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
6 12 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
6 12 (0.31%) Photoshop
6 12 (0.31%) SPSS
7 9 (0.23%) Stata
8 6 (0.16%) Sketch
9 5 (0.13%) AutoCAD
9 5 (0.13%) Weka
10 3 (0.078%) EngageOne
10 3 (0.078%) GNU Octave
11 2 (0.052%) ArchiCAD
11 2 (0.052%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.052%) Fireworks
11 2 (0.052%) MicroStation
11 2 (0.052%) Revit
11 2 (0.052%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 54 (1.41%) Magento
2 46 (1.20%) Dynamics CRM
3 35 (0.91%) SAP Hybris
4 24 (0.63%) SDL Web 8
5 15 (0.39%) SAP ERP
6 12 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
7 11 (0.29%) Cognos TM1
8 10 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
8 10 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 8 (0.21%) FastStats
10 7 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
10 7 (0.18%) Shopify
10 7 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
10 7 (0.18%) WebTrends
11 6 (0.16%) Movex
11 6 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
11 6 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
12 5 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
13 4 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
13 4 (0.10%) Oracle 11i
Cloud Services
1 713 (18.61%) Amazon AWS
2 656 (17.12%) Microsoft Azure
3 219 (5.72%) Power Platform
4 200 (5.22%) SaaS
5 163 (4.25%) GitHub
6 154 (4.02%) Google Cloud Platform
7 92 (2.40%) PaaS
8 88 (2.30%) Serverless
9 85 (2.22%) Cloud Computing
10 76 (1.98%) Office 365
11 69 (1.80%) OpenShift
12 64 (1.67%) Amazon S3
13 54 (1.41%) AWS Lambda
14 47 (1.23%) IaaS
15 39 (1.02%) Dynamics 365
16 33 (0.86%) Amazon EC2
17 32 (0.84%) Azure Data Factory
18 26 (0.68%) Amazon ECS
19 21 (0.55%) Amazon SQS
20 20 (0.52%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 126 (3.29%) HTTP
2 105 (2.74%) Internet
3 82 (2.14%) TCP/IP
4 58 (1.51%) Firewall
5 41 (1.07%) Broadband
5 41 (1.07%) DNS
6 40 (1.04%) SSL
7 24 (0.63%) VPN
8 23 (0.60%) FTP
9 18 (0.47%) HTTPS
10 16 (0.42%) Network Security
11 15 (0.39%) NAS
11 15 (0.39%) SAN
12 13 (0.34%) DHCP
12 13 (0.34%) VoIP
13 12 (0.31%) CTI
13 12 (0.31%) Skype
14 9 (0.23%) Multicast
15 8 (0.21%) SMTP
15 8 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,448 (37.79%) SQL Server
2 1,161 (30.30%) RDBMS
3 689 (17.98%) MySQL
4 498 (13.00%) PostgreSQL
5 477 (12.45%) NoSQL
6 451 (11.77%) Data Warehouse
7 389 (10.15%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 369 (9.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 293 (7.65%) MongoDB
10 281 (7.33%) Big Data
11 219 (5.72%) Power BI
12 202 (5.27%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 183 (4.78%) Hadoop
14 147 (3.84%) Oracle Database
15 143 (3.73%) SQL Server 2012
16 106 (2.77%) SQL Server 2008
17 80 (2.09%) Apache Hive
18 73 (1.91%) Apache Cassandra
18 73 (1.91%) Data Lake
19 71 (1.85%) Redis
Development Applications
1 531 (13.86%) Git (software)
2 275 (7.18%) Jenkins
3 171 (4.46%) JIRA
4 141 (3.68%) Maven
5 133 (3.47%) Visual Studio
6 125 (3.26%) Selenium
7 111 (2.90%) Subversion
8 103 (2.69%) JUnit
9 99 (2.58%) Team Foundation Server
10 82 (2.14%) TeamCity
11 66 (1.72%) Cucumber
12 64 (1.67%) Ant
13 60 (1.57%) GitLab
14 51 (1.33%) NUnit
15 43 (1.12%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
16 36 (0.94%) Moq
17 34 (0.89%) Bitbucket
17 34 (0.89%) Oracle Forms
17 34 (0.89%) SonarQube
18 33 (0.86%) JMeter
General
1 735 (19.18%) Finance
2 237 (6.18%) Banking
3 206 (5.38%) Retail
4 187 (4.88%) Marketing
5 98 (2.56%) Front Office
6 91 (2.37%) Manufacturing
7 74 (1.93%) Telecoms
8 61 (1.59%) Financial Institution
9 54 (1.41%) Advertising
9 54 (1.41%) Legal
10 45 (1.17%) Investment Banking
11 41 (1.07%) Games
12 34 (0.89%) French Language
12 34 (0.89%) Law
13 33 (0.86%) German Language
14 28 (0.73%) Electronics
15 24 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
16 20 (0.52%) Back Office
17 15 (0.39%) Publishing
18 13 (0.34%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,889 (49.30%) Developer
2 494 (12.89%) Java Developer
3 448 (11.69%) Analyst
4 360 (9.39%) Senior Developer
5 350 (9.13%) Software Developer
6 296 (7.72%) C# Developer
7 276 (7.20%) .NET Developer
8 267 (6.97%) Software Engineer
9 259 (6.76%) Architect
10 200 (5.22%) SQL Developer
11 168 (4.38%) Junior
12 166 (4.33%) Full Stack Developer
13 161 (4.20%) DBA
14 158 (4.12%) C# .NET Developer
15 132 (3.44%) Python Developer
16 128 (3.34%) Consultant
17 119 (3.11%) Junior Developer
18 113 (2.95%) Applications Support
19 112 (2.92%) Business Intelligence Developer
19 112 (2.92%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 907 (23.67%) .NET
2 791 (20.64%) HTML
3 650 (16.96%) CSS
4 460 (12.00%) Web Services
5 444 (11.59%) Spring
6 442 (11.53%) AngularJS
7 441 (11.51%) ASP.NET
8 335 (8.74%) XML
9 331 (8.64%) REST
10 304 (7.93%) RESTful
11 288 (7.52%) .NET Framework
12 238 (6.21%) jQuery
13 235 (6.13%) React
14 232 (6.05%) HTML5
15 215 (5.61%) Hibernate
16 214 (5.58%) Node.js
17 205 (5.35%) J2EE
18 197 (5.14%) JSON
19 195 (5.09%) ASP.NET Web API
20 193 (5.04%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 413 (10.78%) Analytical Skills
2 181 (4.72%) Enterprise Software
3 173 (4.51%) User Experience
4 149 (3.89%) Greenfield Project
5 140 (3.65%) Data Structures
6 138 (3.60%) Self-Motivation
7 132 (3.44%) Algorithms
8 125 (3.26%) Mobile App
9 89 (2.32%) Replication
10 87 (2.27%) Management Information System
11 71 (1.85%) Clustering
12 65 (1.70%) Cloud Native
13 63 (1.64%) Derivative
14 59 (1.54%) Virtual Team
15 52 (1.36%) Hedge funds
16 51 (1.33%) Client/Server
17 45 (1.17%) Linux Command Line
18 38 (0.99%) Private Cloud
18 38 (0.99%) Public Cloud
19 34 (0.89%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 668 (17.43%) Linux
2 499 (13.02%) Windows
3 314 (8.19%) Unix
4 97 (2.53%) Android
5 96 (2.51%) Windows Server
6 80 (2.09%) Apple iOS
7 49 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 46 (1.20%) Windows Server 2012
9 34 (0.89%) Windows Server 2008
10 33 (0.86%) AIX
11 25 (0.65%) CentOS
12 18 (0.47%) Windows 7
13 16 (0.42%) Windows 8
14 14 (0.37%) Mac OS
15 13 (0.34%) Solaris
16 12 (0.31%) Ubuntu
17 8 (0.21%) Windows Server 2003
18 7 (0.18%) DC/OS
18 7 (0.18%) Mesosphere
18 7 (0.18%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,481 (38.65%) Agile Software Development
2 688 (17.95%) OO
3 627 (16.36%) Software Engineering
4 507 (13.23%) DevOps
5 500 (13.05%) Business Intelligence
6 485 (12.66%) ETL
6 485 (12.66%) Scrum
7 476 (12.42%) TDD
8 475 (12.40%) MVC
9 443 (11.56%) Problem-Solving
10 415 (10.83%) Continuous Integration
11 410 (10.70%) Test Automation
12 390 (10.18%) Computer Science
13 379 (9.89%) Analytics
14 355 (9.26%) OOP
15 350 (9.13%) Microservices
16 317 (8.27%) SDLC
17 305 (7.96%) Mentoring
18 272 (7.10%) Data Modelling
19 249 (6.50%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,186 (57.05%) SQL
2 1,225 (31.97%) Java
3 1,022 (26.67%) JavaScript
4 985 (25.70%) C#
5 752 (19.62%) Python
6 413 (10.78%) T-SQL
7 280 (7.31%) C++
8 241 (6.29%) PHP
9 178 (4.65%) PL/SQL
10 155 (4.04%) PowerShell
11 142 (3.71%) C
12 138 (3.60%) Bash Shell
13 135 (3.52%) TypeScript
14 130 (3.39%) Perl
15 122 (3.18%) Ruby
16 120 (3.13%) R
17 108 (2.82%) Scala
18 95 (2.48%) Shell Script
19 85 (2.22%) Java 8
20 80 (2.09%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 572 (14.93%) Degree
2 162 (4.23%) Computer Science Degree
3 146 (3.81%) Security Cleared
4 104 (2.71%) Microsoft Certification
5 57 (1.49%) SC Cleared
6 51 (1.33%) ISTQB
7 49 (1.28%) Oracle Certification
8 48 (1.25%) DV Cleared
9 47 (1.23%) OCP
10 32 (0.84%) Master's Degree
10 32 (0.84%) PhD
11 31 (0.81%) MCP
11 31 (0.81%) MCSA
12 28 (0.73%) Numerate Degree
13 24 (0.63%) OCA
14 23 (0.60%) SAP Certification
15 18 (0.47%) HND
16 15 (0.39%) MCSD
17 14 (0.37%) AWS Certification
17 14 (0.37%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 308 (8.04%) QA
2 83 (2.17%) Data Quality
3 63 (1.64%) GDPR
4 44 (1.15%) SLA
5 28 (0.73%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 27 (0.70%) DICOM
7 14 (0.37%) ISO 9001
8 12 (0.31%) Basel III
9 8 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 7 (0.18%) GAMP
11 5 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
11 5 (0.13%) EMIR
11 5 (0.13%) MiFID
12 3 (0.078%) Cyber Essentials
12 3 (0.078%) PCI DSS
12 3 (0.078%) PMO
13 2 (0.052%) ISO 15022
13 2 (0.052%) ISO 20022
13 2 (0.052%) PSD2
13 2 (0.052%) SEPA
System Software
1 405 (10.57%) Docker
2 73 (1.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 52 (1.36%) Oracle RAC
4 46 (1.20%) Active Directory
5 32 (0.84%) Virtual Machines
6 31 (0.81%) Hyper-V
7 24 (0.63%) HDFS
8 11 (0.29%) Xen
9 10 (0.26%) Slurm Workload Manager
10 8 (0.21%) Varnish
11 7 (0.18%) Firmware
11 7 (0.18%) vCloud
12 6 (0.16%) Apache Flume
13 5 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 4 (0.10%) PowerDNS
14 4 (0.10%) Terminal Server
15 3 (0.078%) Citrix Hypervisor
16 2 (0.052%) RHEV
16 2 (0.052%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
16 2 (0.052%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 189 (4.93%) Kubernetes
2 162 (4.23%) Ansible
3 150 (3.91%) Puppet
4 96 (2.51%) Opscode Chef
5 86 (2.24%) Terraform
6 31 (0.81%) HP ALM
6 31 (0.81%) HP Quality Center
7 26 (0.68%) Data Guard
8 22 (0.57%) Oracle RMAN
9 21 (0.55%) Hadoop YARN
10 20 (0.52%) Ambari
11 19 (0.50%) Prometheus
12 17 (0.44%) Failover Clustering
12 17 (0.44%) Kibana
12 17 (0.44%) Perfmon
13 14 (0.37%) Control-M
13 14 (0.37%) logstash
14 13 (0.34%) Cisco CUCM
15 12 (0.31%) Consul
16 11 (0.29%) Nagios
Vendors
1 985 (25.70%) Oracle
2 850 (22.18%) Microsoft
3 183 (4.78%) Tableau
4 166 (4.33%) SAP
5 162 (4.23%) Google
6 110 (2.87%) Salesforce.com
7 104 (2.71%) VMware
8 94 (2.45%) IBM
9 79 (2.06%) Red Hat
10 57 (1.49%) Adobe
11 46 (1.20%) Talend
12 45 (1.17%) Informatica
13 39 (1.02%) WorldPay
14 38 (0.99%) hybris
15 37 (0.97%) Cognos
15 37 (0.97%) Sybase
16 34 (0.89%) HP
17 29 (0.76%) Teradata
18 28 (0.73%) Elastic Path
19 26 (0.68%) Pega