Period
to 23 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 23 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
23 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 121 105 90
Rank change year-on-year -16 -15 +15
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 4,770 4,945 6,235
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.78% 2.92% 3.11%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.05% 9.45% 10.02%
Number of salaries quoted 3,641 3,880 5,088
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 52,731 52,305 62,226
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.68% 30.92% 31.00%
Number of salaries quoted 43,356 44,408 52,934
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,500 £28,750
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £44,471 £42,000 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.20% +3.75%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 23 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 4,343 £50,000 +3.09% 755
UK excluding London -6 2,709 £45,000 +5.88% 491
London -16 1,988 £60,000 - 331
South East +15 897 £50,000 +21.95% 130
North of England -3 460 £45,000 +12.50% 125
East of England -1 409 £45,000 - 68
Scotland -21 300 £45,000 -10.45% 51
Midlands +21 298 £43,500 +8.75% 61
South West -19 292 £37,500 -8.54% 39
North West -21 272 £45,000 +12.50% 75
West Midlands +14 185 £42,500 +13.33% 33
Yorkshire +6 167 £45,000 +12.50% 39
East Midlands +21 113 £45,000 +12.50% 28
Wales +35 74 £45,000 +12.50% 8
North East -10 21 £37,500 +7.14% 11
Northern Ireland -17 20 £36,250 -27.50% 9

For the 6 months to 23 May 2018, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2,547 (53.40%) SQL
2 1,851 (38.81%) Agile Software Development
3 1,809 (37.92%) Java
4 1,617 (33.90%) RDBMS
5 1,534 (32.16%) SQL Server
6 1,349 (28.28%) JavaScript
7 1,295 (27.15%) Oracle
8 1,141 (23.92%) Finance
9 1,041 (21.82%) HTML
10 978 (20.50%) C#
11 977 (20.48%) Degree
12 965 (20.23%) Python
13 963 (20.19%) .NET
14 947 (19.85%) Linux
15 816 (17.11%) Amazon AWS
16 793 (16.62%) CSS
17 791 (16.58%) OO
18 790 (16.56%) Microsoft
19 747 (15.66%) Problem-Solving
20 741 (15.53%) TDD
21 724 (15.18%) Web Services
22 712 (14.93%) NoSQL
23 709 (14.86%) MySQL
24 673 (14.11%) Git (software)
25 666 (13.96%) Computer Science
26 660 (13.84%) Software Engineering
27 651 (13.65%) Analytical Skills
28 615 (12.89%) Scrum
29 593 (12.43%) Spring
30 592 (12.41%) PostgreSQL

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 260 (5.45%) Apache Spark
2 226 (4.74%) Apache
3 220 (4.61%) Tomcat
4 173 (3.63%) WebSphere
5 156 (3.27%) JBoss
6 140 (2.94%) WebLogic
7 137 (2.87%) Elasticsearch
8 104 (2.18%) Confluence
9 82 (1.72%) SharePoint
10 81 (1.70%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 80 (1.68%) IIS
12 77 (1.61%) CMS
13 66 (1.38%) SAS
14 59 (1.24%) MQSeries
15 50 (1.05%) Apache Pig
16 49 (1.03%) Oracle HTTP Server
17 45 (0.94%) Apache Solr
18 41 (0.86%) nginx
19 37 (0.78%) WildFly
20 34 (0.71%) OpenStack
Applications
1 184 (3.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 124 (2.60%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (0.65%) Spreadsheet
4 28 (0.59%) MS Visio
5 22 (0.46%) SPSS
6 20 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 14 (0.29%) GNU Octave
8 13 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
9 7 (0.15%) HipChat
9 7 (0.15%) Weka
10 5 (0.10%) Photoshop
11 3 (0.063%) Chatbot
12 2 (0.042%) Acrobat
12 2 (0.042%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 2 (0.042%) FrameMaker
12 2 (0.042%) RoboHelp
13 1 (0.021%) Fireworks
13 1 (0.021%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 31 (0.65%) Relativity
2 28 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
2 28 (0.59%) Ringtail
3 27 (0.57%) Oracle EBS
4 23 (0.48%) Oracle Applications
5 21 (0.44%) Concordance
6 20 (0.42%) Magento
7 19 (0.40%) SimCorp Dimension
8 18 (0.38%) Infor SunSystems
9 13 (0.27%) Oracle 11i
9 13 (0.27%) Oracle EBS R12
9 13 (0.27%) Veritas eDiscovery
10 11 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
11 10 (0.21%) Maximo
12 9 (0.19%) Cognos TM1
12 9 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
13 8 (0.17%) Cognos Business Intelligence
13 8 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
13 8 (0.17%) SDL Web 8
14 7 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 816 (17.11%) Amazon AWS
2 508 (10.65%) Microsoft Azure
3 194 (4.07%) SaaS
4 143 (3.00%) Cloud Computing
5 103 (2.16%) IaaS
6 95 (1.99%) GitHub
7 89 (1.87%) Serverless
8 74 (1.55%) Google Cloud Platform
9 60 (1.26%) PaaS
10 53 (1.11%) Amazon EC2
11 51 (1.07%) Amazon S3
12 45 (0.94%) Office 365
13 36 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
14 27 (0.57%) AWS CloudFormation
15 23 (0.48%) npm
16 22 (0.46%) Bluemix
16 22 (0.46%) Dynamics 365
16 22 (0.46%) IBM Cloud
17 17 (0.36%) Loggly
17 17 (0.36%) Sumo Logic
Communications & Networking
1 158 (3.31%) HTTP
2 99 (2.08%) TCP/IP
3 90 (1.89%) Internet
4 82 (1.72%) Firewall
5 57 (1.19%) SAN
6 52 (1.09%) DNS
7 43 (0.90%) VPN
8 40 (0.84%) NAS
9 27 (0.57%) SSH
10 26 (0.55%) LAN
11 25 (0.52%) Intranet
11 25 (0.52%) SSL
11 25 (0.52%) WAN
12 20 (0.42%) AMQP
13 19 (0.40%) WebEx
14 18 (0.38%) SMS
15 17 (0.36%) FTP
16 16 (0.34%) Kerberos
17 13 (0.27%) DHCP
18 11 (0.23%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,617 (33.90%) RDBMS
2 1,534 (32.16%) SQL Server
3 712 (14.93%) NoSQL
4 709 (14.86%) MySQL
5 592 (12.41%) PostgreSQL
6 516 (10.82%) Big Data
7 506 (10.61%) Data Warehouse
8 419 (8.78%) MongoDB
9 388 (8.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 355 (7.44%) Oracle Database
11 310 (6.50%) Hadoop
12 281 (5.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 232 (4.86%) Apache Cassandra
14 170 (3.56%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 154 (3.23%) DB2
16 142 (2.98%) Power BI
17 136 (2.85%) Apache Hive
17 136 (2.85%) SQL Server 2008
18 118 (2.47%) SQL Server 2012
19 99 (2.08%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 673 (14.11%) Git (software)
2 357 (7.48%) Jenkins
3 240 (5.03%) Maven
4 238 (4.99%) JIRA
5 205 (4.30%) Subversion
6 161 (3.38%) JUnit
7 127 (2.66%) Visual Studio
8 116 (2.43%) Team Foundation Server
9 112 (2.35%) Selenium
10 103 (2.16%) Cucumber
11 86 (1.80%) Gradle
12 83 (1.74%) Eclipse
13 80 (1.68%) Vagrant
14 76 (1.59%) TeamCity
15 69 (1.45%) Bitbucket
16 64 (1.34%) Ant
17 55 (1.15%) gulp
18 54 (1.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 46 (0.96%) NUnit
20 44 (0.92%) webpack
General
1 1,141 (23.92%) Finance
2 363 (7.61%) Banking
3 260 (5.45%) Retail
4 193 (4.05%) Investment Banking
5 183 (3.84%) Marketing
6 178 (3.73%) Financial Institution
7 124 (2.60%) Games
8 109 (2.29%) Legal
9 106 (2.22%) Advertising
10 90 (1.89%) Telecoms
11 77 (1.61%) Front Office
12 74 (1.55%) Back Office
13 70 (1.47%) Manufacturing
14 62 (1.30%) Law
15 52 (1.09%) Publishing
16 41 (0.86%) Automotive
17 32 (0.67%) French Language
18 28 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
19 26 (0.55%) Billing
19 26 (0.55%) German Language
Job Titles
1 2,302 (48.26%) Developer
2 667 (13.98%) Java Developer
3 491 (10.29%) Analyst
4 426 (8.93%) Senior Developer
5 369 (7.74%) Software Developer
6 336 (7.04%) C# Developer
7 319 (6.69%) .NET Developer
8 292 (6.12%) Software Engineer
9 258 (5.41%) DBA
10 231 (4.84%) Architect
11 221 (4.63%) Java Engineer
12 189 (3.96%) Applications Support
13 188 (3.94%) C# .NET Developer
14 183 (3.84%) Consultant
15 170 (3.56%) SQL Developer
16 167 (3.50%) Senior Java Developer
17 158 (3.31%) PHP Developer
18 154 (3.23%) Full Stack Developer
19 148 (3.10%) Java Software Engineer
20 147 (3.08%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,041 (21.82%) HTML
2 963 (20.19%) .NET
3 793 (16.62%) CSS
4 724 (15.18%) Web Services
5 593 (12.43%) Spring
6 589 (12.35%) XML
7 559 (11.72%) AngularJS
8 482 (10.10%) RESTful
9 465 (9.75%) REST
10 444 (9.31%) HTML5
11 423 (8.87%) jQuery
12 407 (8.53%) ASP.NET
13 362 (7.59%) JSON
14 313 (6.56%) Hibernate
15 307 (6.44%) .NET Framework
16 304 (6.37%) J2EE
17 295 (6.18%) SOAP
18 287 (6.02%) React
19 253 (5.30%) CSS3
20 238 (4.99%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 666 (13.96%) Computer Science
2 651 (13.65%) Analytical Skills
3 253 (5.30%) Fintech
4 223 (4.68%) Self-Motivation
5 208 (4.36%) Management Information System
6 193 (4.05%) Enterprise Software
7 167 (3.50%) Algorithms
8 166 (3.48%) Greenfield Project
9 141 (2.96%) Mobile App
10 124 (2.60%) Cyberthreat
11 118 (2.47%) User Experience
12 112 (2.35%) Data Structures
13 109 (2.29%) Replication
14 100 (2.10%) Virtual Team
15 75 (1.57%) Clustering
16 69 (1.45%) Equities
17 66 (1.38%) Client/Server
18 63 (1.32%) Hedge funds
19 59 (1.24%) Derivative
20 53 (1.11%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 947 (19.85%) Linux
2 519 (10.88%) Unix
3 513 (10.75%) Windows
4 107 (2.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 90 (1.89%) Windows Server
6 72 (1.51%) Android
7 65 (1.36%) Apple iOS
8 57 (1.19%) Solaris
9 29 (0.61%) CentOS
9 29 (0.61%) Windows 7
10 28 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
11 27 (0.57%) VMS
12 25 (0.52%) AIX
12 25 (0.52%) Debian
12 25 (0.52%) Mac OS X
13 24 (0.50%) Mac OS
13 24 (0.50%) Ubuntu
14 18 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
15 16 (0.34%) HPUX
16 8 (0.17%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,851 (38.81%) Agile Software Development
2 791 (16.58%) OO
3 747 (15.66%) Problem-Solving
4 741 (15.53%) TDD
5 660 (13.84%) Software Engineering
6 615 (12.89%) Scrum
7 588 (12.33%) MVC
8 560 (11.74%) Business Intelligence
9 556 (11.66%) Continuous Integration
10 542 (11.36%) ETL
11 533 (11.17%) Test Automation
12 530 (11.11%) DevOps
13 485 (10.17%) SDLC
14 466 (9.77%) Analytics
15 412 (8.64%) Microservices
16 366 (7.67%) Data Modelling
17 360 (7.55%) Web Development
18 322 (6.75%) Unit Testing
19 314 (6.58%) BDD
20 289 (6.06%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,547 (53.40%) SQL
2 1,809 (37.92%) Java
3 1,349 (28.28%) JavaScript
4 978 (20.50%) C#
5 965 (20.23%) Python
6 443 (9.29%) T-SQL
7 374 (7.84%) PHP
8 303 (6.35%) C++
9 273 (5.72%) Perl
10 271 (5.68%) Scala
11 239 (5.01%) PL/SQL
12 223 (4.68%) Java 8
12 223 (4.68%) Shell Script
13 199 (4.17%) Ruby
14 176 (3.69%) Bash Shell
15 153 (3.21%) PowerShell
16 152 (3.19%) R
17 134 (2.81%) C
18 107 (2.24%) VB
19 105 (2.20%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 977 (20.48%) Degree
2 312 (6.54%) Computer Science Degree
3 85 (1.78%) Master's Degree
4 79 (1.66%) Security Cleared
5 61 (1.28%) Microsoft Certification
6 60 (1.26%) PhD
7 44 (0.92%) Numerate Degree
8 31 (0.65%) ISTQB
9 28 (0.59%) OCP
9 28 (0.59%) Oracle Certification
10 27 (0.57%) ITIL Certification
11 24 (0.50%) DV Cleared
12 21 (0.44%) SC Cleared
13 20 (0.42%) ISEB
14 18 (0.38%) MCSE
15 14 (0.29%) MCSA
16 13 (0.27%) MCSD
17 12 (0.25%) MCDBA
18 10 (0.21%) Sun Certification
19 9 (0.19%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 311 (6.52%) QA
2 141 (2.96%) Data Quality
3 42 (0.88%) GDPR
4 36 (0.75%) SLA
5 32 (0.67%) GCP
6 19 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 19 (0.40%) PCI DSS
7 16 (0.34%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 9 (0.19%) SEPA
9 7 (0.15%) ISO 9001
10 5 (0.10%) MiFID
11 4 (0.084%) Disclosure Scotland
12 3 (0.063%) Actionable Recommendations
12 3 (0.063%) Dodd-Frank
12 3 (0.063%) HL7
13 2 (0.042%) EMIR
13 2 (0.042%) WCAG
14 1 (0.021%) COBIT
14 1 (0.021%) HIPAA
14 1 (0.021%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 388 (8.13%) Docker
2 102 (2.14%) Oracle RAC
3 63 (1.32%) HDFS
4 61 (1.28%) Active Directory
5 46 (0.96%) VMware Infrastructure
6 37 (0.78%) Apache Flume
7 31 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
8 22 (0.46%) Hyper-V
9 16 (0.34%) VirtualBox
10 8 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 8 (0.17%) KVM
10 8 (0.17%) vSphere
11 7 (0.15%) OpenAM
11 7 (0.15%) vCloud
11 7 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
11 7 (0.15%) VMware NSX
11 7 (0.15%) VMware Workstation
11 7 (0.15%) Xen
12 4 (0.084%) Virtual Servers
13 3 (0.063%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 176 (3.69%) Puppet
2 172 (3.61%) Ansible
3 125 (2.62%) Opscode Chef
4 105 (2.20%) Kubernetes
5 78 (1.64%) Terraform
6 51 (1.07%) Data Guard
7 49 (1.03%) Oracle RMAN
8 32 (0.67%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 30 (0.63%) Single Sign-On
10 27 (0.57%) Oozie
11 25 (0.52%) Nagios
12 24 (0.50%) Kibana
13 22 (0.46%) Microsoft Clustering
13 22 (0.46%) Packer
14 19 (0.40%) Salt
15 18 (0.38%) Mesos
15 18 (0.38%) ZABBIX
16 13 (0.27%) FTK
16 13 (0.27%) SCCM
17 12 (0.25%) Marathon
Vendors
1 1,295 (27.15%) Oracle
2 790 (16.56%) Microsoft
3 186 (3.90%) Tableau
4 168 (3.52%) Sybase
5 137 (2.87%) SAP
6 114 (2.39%) Google
7 112 (2.35%) Red Hat
8 110 (2.31%) IBM
9 70 (1.47%) Informatica
10 68 (1.43%) Splunk
11 62 (1.30%) VMware
12 61 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
13 57 (1.19%) Teradata
14 56 (1.17%) Capita
15 49 (1.03%) MuleSoft
15 49 (1.03%) Talend
15 49 (1.03%) WorldPay
16 48 (1.01%) Xamarin
17 45 (0.94%) Cognos
18 37 (0.78%) Cloudera