Period
to 25 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 25 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 119 138 134
Rank change year-on-year +19 -4 -19
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 2,937 1,935 3,865
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.78% 2.42% 2.68%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.28% 8.90% 9.58%
Number of salaries quoted 1,670 1,463 3,013
10th Percentile £36,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £45,000 £41,250 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% +5.00%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 28,567 21,733 40,357
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.05% 27.13% 27.97%
Number of salaries quoted 20,050 17,838 33,298
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £41,617 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,000
Median % change year-on-year - +5.77% +4.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +20 2,664 £60,000 +4.35% 512
London +39 1,561 £72,500 +7.41% 216
UK excluding London -10 1,217 £50,000 +5.26% 330
Work from Home +22 531 £60,000 +20.00% 92
South East -6 437 £55,000 +10.00% 62
North of England -43 229 £47,500 +5.34% 112
South West -5 155 £47,500 +11.11% 39
Midlands -7 142 £45,000 - 53
Scotland -27 123 £50,000 +13.64% 19
Yorkshire +4 112 £47,500 - 39
West Midlands -18 109 £46,828 +10.18% 36
North West -63 100 £52,500 +16.67% 62
East of England -17 90 £55,000 - 28
East Midlands -24 31 £42,000 -6.67% 17
Wales -19 19 £45,000 +12.50% 13
Northern Ireland -23 18 £80,000 +39.13% 5
North East -16 17 £36,250 +13.71% 11
Isle of Man - 13 - -

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 1,425 (48.52%) Agile Software Development
2 1,407 (47.91%) SQL
3 1,034 (35.21%) AWS
4 1,014 (34.53%) Java
5 919 (31.29%) Python
6 875 (29.79%) Finance
7 853 (29.04%) Software Engineering
8 815 (27.75%) JavaScript
9 769 (26.18%) SQL Server
10 754 (25.67%) Microservices
11 747 (25.43%) Social Skills
12 707 (24.07%) RDBMS
13 697 (23.73%) Git (software)
14 695 (23.66%) PostgreSQL
15 670 (22.81%) Azure
16 648 (22.06%) DevOps
17 628 (21.38%) MySQL
18 597 (20.33%) Linux
18 597 (20.33%) Scrum
19 594 (20.22%) Degree
20 581 (19.78%) C#
21 554 (18.86%) Oracle
22 542 (18.45%) RESTful
22 542 (18.45%) Docker
23 533 (18.15%) Spring
24 531 (18.08%) NoSQL
25 520 (17.71%) AngularJS
26 500 (17.02%) HTML
27 495 (16.85%) Problem-Solving
28 489 (16.65%) CSS

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 219 (7.46%) Apache Spark
2 154 (5.24%) Apache
3 119 (4.05%) Elasticsearch
4 90 (3.06%) Confluence
5 80 (2.72%) GemFire
6 46 (1.57%) CMS
7 44 (1.50%) Apache Airflow
8 43 (1.46%) WebLogic
9 39 (1.33%) SAS
10 38 (1.29%) Tomcat
11 27 (0.92%) Tornado
12 25 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
13 22 (0.75%) WebSphere
14 21 (0.72%) Oracle Coherence
15 20 (0.68%) Luigi
16 18 (0.61%) IIS
16 18 (0.61%) JBoss
17 17 (0.58%) nginx
18 16 (0.54%) Oracle Workflow
18 16 (0.54%) SharePoint
Applications
1 98 (3.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 47 (1.60%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (1.02%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 13 (0.44%) Adobe Illustrator
4 13 (0.44%) Photoshop
5 12 (0.41%) GIMP
6 9 (0.31%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.068%) Chatbot
7 2 (0.068%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.068%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.068%) SPSS
7 2 (0.068%) Stata
7 2 (0.068%) Weka
8 1 (0.034%) EngageOne
8 1 (0.034%) InVision
8 1 (0.034%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 22 (0.75%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (0.68%) Distributed Ledger
3 17 (0.58%) Oracle Clinical
4 13 (0.44%) Shopify
5 10 (0.34%) Magento
5 10 (0.34%) NetSuite
5 10 (0.34%) Primavera
6 8 (0.27%) Remedy ITSM
7 6 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
8 5 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 4 (0.14%) Adobe Campaign
9 4 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
9 4 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
10 3 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
10 3 (0.10%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 2 (0.068%) iTrent
11 2 (0.068%) Oracle EBS
11 2 (0.068%) Relativity
11 2 (0.068%) SAP ERP
11 2 (0.068%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 1,034 (35.21%) AWS
2 670 (22.81%) Azure
3 283 (9.64%) GCP
4 265 (9.02%) Serverless
5 247 (8.41%) GitHub
6 221 (7.52%) Power Platform
7 182 (6.20%) SaaS
8 166 (5.65%) Amazon EC2
9 144 (4.90%) Amazon Kinesis
9 144 (4.90%) AWS Lambda
10 112 (3.81%) Amazon ECS
11 71 (2.42%) PaaS
12 70 (2.38%) Amazon SQS
13 69 (2.35%) Amazon S3
14 55 (1.87%) Snowflake
15 51 (1.74%) Cloud Computing
16 48 (1.63%) Azure Data Factory
17 46 (1.57%) OpenShift
18 34 (1.16%) Azure Functions
18 34 (1.16%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 105 (3.58%) HTTP
2 48 (1.63%) Internet
3 29 (0.99%) Firewall
4 25 (0.85%) TCP/IP
5 14 (0.48%) Network Security
5 14 (0.48%) SMTP
6 13 (0.44%) VPN
7 11 (0.37%) DNS
7 11 (0.37%) Wireshark
8 10 (0.34%) SSL
9 8 (0.27%) FTP
10 7 (0.24%) Broadband
10 7 (0.24%) SAN
10 7 (0.24%) SNMP
10 7 (0.24%) SSH
11 6 (0.20%) 5G
12 5 (0.17%) LAN
12 5 (0.17%) SMS
12 5 (0.17%) WAN
13 4 (0.14%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 769 (26.18%) SQL Server
2 707 (24.07%) RDBMS
3 695 (23.66%) PostgreSQL
4 628 (21.38%) MySQL
5 531 (18.08%) NoSQL
6 264 (8.99%) Big Data
7 257 (8.75%) Data Warehouse
8 251 (8.55%) MongoDB
9 215 (7.32%) Power BI
10 206 (7.01%) Redis
11 156 (5.31%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 141 (4.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 136 (4.63%) Hadoop
14 133 (4.53%) Oracle Database
14 133 (4.53%) Tableau
15 130 (4.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 129 (4.39%) MariaDB
17 118 (4.02%) HBase
18 105 (3.58%) Data Lake
19 100 (3.40%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 697 (23.73%) Git (software)
2 369 (12.56%) Jenkins
3 191 (6.50%) JIRA
4 144 (4.90%) Gradle
4 144 (4.90%) IntelliJ
5 140 (4.77%) JUnit
6 126 (4.29%) Cucumber
7 122 (4.15%) Eclipse
8 112 (3.81%) Maven
9 110 (3.75%) Sonatype Nexus
10 99 (3.37%) Cypress.io
11 84 (2.86%) Mockito
12 79 (2.69%) Protractor
12 79 (2.69%) Storybook
12 79 (2.69%) TeamCity
13 76 (2.59%) Artifactory
14 71 (2.42%) Bitbucket
15 57 (1.94%) Visual Studio
16 50 (1.70%) Team Foundation Server
17 49 (1.67%) Selenium
General
1 875 (29.79%) Finance
2 747 (25.43%) Social Skills
3 396 (13.48%) Banking
4 271 (9.23%) Analytical Skills
5 164 (5.58%) Marketing
6 158 (5.38%) Law
6 158 (5.38%) Retail
7 133 (4.53%) Games
8 103 (3.51%) Presentation Skills
9 77 (2.62%) Legal
10 75 (2.55%) Public Sector
11 72 (2.45%) Advertising
12 68 (2.32%) Investment Banking
13 53 (1.80%) Front Office
14 49 (1.67%) Back Office
14 49 (1.67%) Organisational Skills
15 40 (1.36%) Manufacturing
16 39 (1.33%) Telecoms
17 34 (1.16%) Pharmaceutical
18 32 (1.09%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,294 (44.06%) Developer
2 505 (17.19%) Software Engineer
3 322 (10.96%) Java Developer
4 254 (8.65%) Senior Developer
5 187 (6.37%) Software Developer
6 173 (5.89%) Architect
6 173 (5.89%) Java Engineer
7 157 (5.35%) Full Stack Developer
8 155 (5.28%) Data Engineer
9 153 (5.21%) Analyst
10 133 (4.53%) Senior Software Engineer
11 114 (3.88%) AWS Engineer
12 113 (3.85%) Python Developer
13 100 (3.40%) .NET Developer
14 99 (3.37%) AWS Developer
15 96 (3.27%) Python Engineer
16 95 (3.23%) Programmer
17 94 (3.20%) PHP Developer
18 81 (2.76%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 79 (2.69%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 542 (18.45%) RESTful
2 533 (18.15%) Spring
3 520 (17.71%) AngularJS
4 500 (17.02%) HTML
5 489 (16.65%) CSS
6 483 (16.45%) .NET
7 455 (15.49%) REST
8 448 (15.25%) React
9 435 (14.81%) Node.js
10 432 (14.71%) Web Services
11 349 (11.88%) Kafka
12 267 (9.09%) JSON
13 241 (8.21%) RabbitMQ
14 215 (7.32%) HTML5
15 203 (6.91%) Spring Boot
16 197 (6.71%) XML
17 173 (5.89%) .NET Framework
18 160 (5.45%) Redux
19 158 (5.38%) Vue.js
20 154 (5.24%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 184 (6.26%) User Experience
2 147 (5.01%) Data Structures
3 129 (4.39%) Mobile App
4 113 (3.85%) Enterprise Software
5 102 (3.47%) Virtual Team
6 94 (3.20%) Linux Command Line
7 93 (3.17%) Blog
8 92 (3.13%) Algorithms
8 92 (3.13%) Hedge funds
9 81 (2.76%) Self-Motivation
10 76 (2.59%) Greenfield Project
11 72 (2.45%) Pricing Data
12 64 (2.18%) Cloud Native
13 61 (2.08%) Derivative
14 55 (1.87%) Management Information System
15 53 (1.80%) Clustering
16 46 (1.57%) Fixed Income
17 37 (1.26%) Digital Media
18 31 (1.06%) Life Science
18 31 (1.06%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 597 (20.33%) Linux
2 326 (11.10%) Unix
3 194 (6.61%) Windows
4 51 (1.74%) Android
5 41 (1.40%) Windows Server
6 33 (1.12%) Apple iOS
7 13 (0.44%) Mac OS X
7 13 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 13 (0.44%) Ubuntu
8 12 (0.41%) Solaris
9 11 (0.37%) Embedded Linux
10 8 (0.27%) CentOS
11 7 (0.24%) Mac OS
12 3 (0.10%) Debian
12 3 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.068%) Alpine Linux
13 2 (0.068%) tvOS
13 2 (0.068%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.068%) Windows Server 2016
14 1 (0.034%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,425 (48.52%) Agile Software Development
2 853 (29.04%) Software Engineering
3 754 (25.67%) Microservices
4 648 (22.06%) DevOps
5 597 (20.33%) Scrum
6 495 (16.85%) Problem-Solving
7 478 (16.28%) Computer Science
8 471 (16.04%) TDD
9 463 (15.76%) Test Automation
10 411 (13.99%) Analytics
11 405 (13.79%) OO
12 352 (11.99%) Business Intelligence
13 291 (9.91%) Continuous Integration
14 275 (9.36%) ETL
15 274 (9.33%) SDLC
16 262 (8.92%) Mentoring
16 262 (8.92%) Open Source
17 249 (8.48%) Data Modelling
18 240 (8.17%) BDD
19 237 (8.07%) Data Management
Programming Languages
1 1,407 (47.91%) SQL
2 1,014 (34.53%) Java
3 919 (31.29%) Python
4 815 (27.75%) JavaScript
5 581 (19.78%) C#
6 239 (8.14%) TypeScript
7 230 (7.83%) PHP
8 176 (5.99%) T-SQL
9 149 (5.07%) C++
10 132 (4.49%) Shell Script
11 116 (3.95%) Scala
12 111 (3.78%) Java 8
13 110 (3.75%) PL/SQL
14 108 (3.68%) Groovy
15 97 (3.30%) R
16 90 (3.06%) Ruby
17 80 (2.72%) PowerShell
18 78 (2.66%) Go
19 77 (2.62%) C
20 71 (2.42%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 594 (20.22%) Degree
2 176 (5.99%) Computer Science Degree
3 76 (2.59%) OCP
3 76 (2.59%) Oracle Certification
4 57 (1.94%) Security Cleared
5 55 (1.87%) Microsoft Certification
6 49 (1.67%) Master's Degree
7 47 (1.60%) SC Cleared
8 35 (1.19%) Numerate Degree
9 21 (0.72%) AWS Certification
10 15 (0.51%) PhD
11 12 (0.41%) HND
12 8 (0.27%) ISTQB
13 7 (0.24%) DBS Check
13 7 (0.24%) HNC
13 7 (0.24%) MBA
13 7 (0.24%) MCSE
14 6 (0.20%) CBAP
14 6 (0.20%) MCDBA
14 6 (0.20%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 249 (8.48%) QA
2 89 (3.03%) Data Quality
3 46 (1.57%) GDPR
4 30 (1.02%) Good Clinical Practice
5 20 (0.68%) PMO
6 19 (0.65%) EMIR
6 19 (0.65%) MiFID
7 14 (0.48%) Accessibility
8 10 (0.34%) CDISC
9 9 (0.31%) PCI DSS
10 7 (0.24%) WAI
11 6 (0.20%) IFRS
11 6 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 5 (0.17%) HL7
12 5 (0.17%) Solvency II
13 4 (0.14%) JTAG
14 3 (0.10%) GRC
14 3 (0.10%) IEC 62304
14 3 (0.10%) ISO 13485
14 3 (0.10%) WCAG
System Software
1 542 (18.45%) Docker
2 84 (2.86%) HDFS
3 64 (2.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (0.61%) Oracle RAC
5 12 (0.41%) Active Directory
6 7 (0.24%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.17%) Firmware
8 3 (0.10%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.068%) iptables
9 2 (0.068%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 2 (0.068%) Postfix
9 2 (0.068%) Sendmail
9 2 (0.068%) XenApp
10 1 (0.034%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.034%) GridGain
10 1 (0.034%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.034%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 460 (15.66%) Kubernetes
2 208 (7.08%) Ansible
3 175 (5.96%) Terraform
4 84 (2.86%) Opscode Chef
5 58 (1.97%) Puppet
6 45 (1.53%) Docker Swarm
7 18 (0.61%) Grafana
8 17 (0.58%) Prometheus
9 13 (0.44%) Data Guard
10 12 (0.41%) Oracle RMAN
11 11 (0.37%) Kibana
12 8 (0.27%) Istio
13 6 (0.20%) Zipkin
14 5 (0.17%) HAProxy
15 4 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
16 3 (0.10%) Hadoop YARN
17 2 (0.068%) Icinga
17 2 (0.068%) logstash
17 2 (0.068%) Packer
17 2 (0.068%) Rancher
Vendors
1 554 (18.86%) Oracle
2 361 (12.29%) Microsoft
3 236 (8.04%) Google
4 135 (4.60%) Sybase
5 110 (3.75%) VMware
6 101 (3.44%) Salesforce.com
7 79 (2.69%) Okta
8 57 (1.94%) IBM
9 39 (1.33%) Facebook
10 35 (1.19%) SAP
11 34 (1.16%) Zend
12 33 (1.12%) Databricks
13 32 (1.09%) Talend
14 30 (1.02%) ServiceNow
15 29 (0.99%) Solace
16 28 (0.95%) Atlassian
17 25 (0.85%) Splunk
18 24 (0.82%) Snapchat
19 20 (0.68%) Informatica
19 20 (0.68%) Teradata