Period
to 18 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 18 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
18 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 124 98 85
Rank change year-on-year -26 -13 +17
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 4,537 5,173 6,614
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.60% 2.96% 3.14%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.50% 9.88% 9.89%
Number of salaries quoted 3,424 4,145 5,324
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £78,750 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 53,369 52,342 66,889
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.63% 29.97% 31.75%
Number of salaries quoted 44,435 44,688 56,481
UK median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,500 £28,750
90th Percentile £77,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 18 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -23 4,131 £50,000 - 686
UK excluding London -17 2,565 £45,000 +5.88% 472
London -32 1,889 £60,000 - 267
South East +25 858 £45,000 +4.65% 130
North of England -47 423 £45,000 +12.50% 103
East of England -11 415 £47,500 - 57
South West +13 287 £40,000 -5.88% 56
North West -38 259 £45,000 +5.88% 48
Midlands -53 253 £44,000 +12.82% 73
Scotland -23 251 £42,500 -15.00% 39
West Midlands -52 154 £41,000 +9.33% 40
Yorkshire -59 143 £40,000 - 51
East Midlands -11 99 £46,500 +9.41% 32
Wales +2 50 £39,250 -4.85% 13
Northern Ireland +3 47 £38,750 -3.13% 1
North East -26 15 £37,325 -1.00% 4

For the 6 months to 18 February 2018, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2,371 (52.26%) SQL
2 1,839 (40.53%) Agile Software Development
3 1,745 (38.46%) Java
4 1,560 (34.38%) RDBMS
5 1,458 (32.14%) SQL Server
6 1,366 (30.11%) JavaScript
7 1,267 (27.93%) Oracle
8 1,112 (24.51%) Finance
9 1,087 (23.96%) HTML
10 1,006 (22.17%) Linux
11 986 (21.73%) Degree
12 894 (19.70%) C#
13 886 (19.53%) .NET
14 878 (19.35%) Python
15 846 (18.65%) CSS
16 760 (16.75%) TDD
17 751 (16.55%) Microsoft
18 734 (16.18%) OO
19 733 (16.16%) MySQL
20 678 (14.94%) Scrum
21 672 (14.81%) Web Services
22 668 (14.72%) Amazon AWS
23 662 (14.59%) Software Engineering
24 639 (14.08%) Git (software)
25 621 (13.69%) MVC
26 613 (13.51%) Computer Science
27 604 (13.31%) NoSQL
28 596 (13.14%) XML
29 584 (12.87%) Unix
30 576 (12.70%) Spring

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 268 (5.91%) Apache Spark
2 198 (4.36%) Apache
3 165 (3.64%) Tomcat
4 154 (3.39%) Elasticsearch
5 142 (3.13%) WebSphere
6 121 (2.67%) WebLogic
7 106 (2.34%) JBoss
8 92 (2.03%) Confluence
9 85 (1.87%) SAS
10 75 (1.65%) SharePoint
11 63 (1.39%) CMS
12 57 (1.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 54 (1.19%) Apache Pig
14 51 (1.12%) Apache Solr
15 49 (1.08%) nginx
16 47 (1.04%) IIS
17 39 (0.86%) OpenStack
18 26 (0.57%) MQSeries
19 24 (0.53%) Mule
20 23 (0.51%) WildFly
Applications
1 163 (3.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 90 (1.98%) Microsoft Office
3 51 (1.12%) MS Visio
4 32 (0.71%) SPSS
5 27 (0.60%) Spreadsheet
6 19 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 7 (0.15%) GNU Octave
7 7 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
7 7 (0.15%) Weka
8 4 (0.088%) HipChat
9 3 (0.066%) Doxygen
9 3 (0.066%) InfoPath
10 2 (0.044%) EngageOne
11 1 (0.022%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.022%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.022%) MicroStation
11 1 (0.022%) Photoshop
11 1 (0.022%) Revit
11 1 (0.022%) S-PLUS
11 1 (0.022%) Stata
Business Applications
1 29 (0.64%) Magento
2 28 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
3 23 (0.51%) Oracle EBS
4 22 (0.48%) Oracle Applications
5 17 (0.37%) Infor SunSystems
6 16 (0.35%) Relativity
7 15 (0.33%) Concordance
7 15 (0.33%) Oracle EBS R12
8 14 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
8 14 (0.31%) Oracle 11i
9 13 (0.29%) Adobe Campaign
9 13 (0.29%) Ringtail
10 12 (0.26%) Cognos TM1
11 10 (0.22%) MetaTrader
12 7 (0.15%) Maximo
12 7 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
13 6 (0.13%) Cognos Business Intelligence
13 6 (0.13%) Eagle PACE
13 6 (0.13%) MultiChain
14 5 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 668 (14.72%) Amazon AWS
2 380 (8.38%) Microsoft Azure
3 162 (3.57%) SaaS
4 133 (2.93%) Cloud Computing
5 110 (2.42%) GitHub
6 77 (1.70%) IaaS
7 70 (1.54%) Google Cloud Platform
8 68 (1.50%) PaaS
9 67 (1.48%) Serverless
10 33 (0.73%) Amazon S3
11 31 (0.68%) npm
12 29 (0.64%) Office 365
13 25 (0.55%) Amazon EC2
14 24 (0.53%) AWS Lambda
15 19 (0.42%) Bluemix
15 19 (0.42%) IBM Cloud
16 16 (0.35%) AWS CloudFormation
17 14 (0.31%) Dynamics 365
18 13 (0.29%) CloudFront
18 13 (0.29%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 195 (4.30%) HTTP
2 94 (2.07%) Internet
3 69 (1.52%) TCP/IP
4 52 (1.15%) DNS
5 49 (1.08%) SSL
6 36 (0.79%) Firewall
7 33 (0.73%) VPN
8 27 (0.60%) Intranet
9 26 (0.57%) SAN
9 26 (0.57%) SSH
10 16 (0.35%) DHCP
10 16 (0.35%) LAN
11 13 (0.29%) AMQP
12 12 (0.26%) SMTP
12 12 (0.26%) WAN
13 11 (0.24%) HTTPS
13 11 (0.24%) PuTTY
13 11 (0.24%) WebEx
14 9 (0.20%) FTP
15 8 (0.18%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,560 (34.38%) RDBMS
2 1,458 (32.14%) SQL Server
3 733 (16.16%) MySQL
4 604 (13.31%) NoSQL
5 506 (11.15%) PostgreSQL
6 470 (10.36%) Big Data
7 445 (9.81%) Data Warehouse
8 388 (8.55%) Oracle Database
9 368 (8.11%) Hadoop
10 366 (8.07%) MongoDB
11 317 (6.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 270 (5.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 178 (3.92%) Apache Cassandra
14 148 (3.26%) Apache Hive
15 135 (2.98%) BusinessObjects
16 132 (2.91%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 127 (2.80%) Power BI
18 121 (2.67%) SQL Server 2008
19 103 (2.27%) DB2
20 100 (2.20%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 639 (14.08%) Git (software)
2 404 (8.90%) Jenkins
3 245 (5.40%) Maven
4 244 (5.38%) JIRA
4 244 (5.38%) Subversion
5 177 (3.90%) JUnit
6 145 (3.20%) Visual Studio
7 141 (3.11%) Team Foundation Server
8 123 (2.71%) Cucumber
9 120 (2.64%) Selenium
10 86 (1.90%) TeamCity
11 74 (1.63%) Gradle
12 72 (1.59%) Ant
13 69 (1.52%) Vagrant
14 62 (1.37%) Bitbucket
15 59 (1.30%) Grunt
16 56 (1.23%) Eclipse
17 54 (1.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 52 (1.15%) gulp
19 51 (1.12%) Mercurial
General
1 1,112 (24.51%) Finance
2 332 (7.32%) Banking
3 200 (4.41%) Retail
4 139 (3.06%) Investment Banking
5 125 (2.76%) Marketing
6 110 (2.42%) Front Office
7 109 (2.40%) Legal
8 104 (2.29%) Games
9 94 (2.07%) Financial Institution
9 94 (2.07%) Telecoms
10 83 (1.83%) Advertising
11 75 (1.65%) Publishing
12 67 (1.48%) Retail Banking
13 56 (1.23%) Back Office
14 51 (1.12%) Law
15 47 (1.04%) Manufacturing
16 43 (0.95%) Automotive
17 40 (0.88%) Pharmaceutical
18 37 (0.82%) French Language
19 26 (0.57%) German Language
Job Titles
1 2,316 (51.05%) Developer
2 672 (14.81%) Java Developer
3 439 (9.68%) Senior Developer
4 399 (8.79%) Analyst
5 347 (7.65%) .NET Developer
6 327 (7.21%) C# Developer
7 322 (7.10%) Software Developer
8 283 (6.24%) Software Engineer
9 250 (5.51%) DBA
10 238 (5.25%) Architect
11 228 (5.03%) SQL Developer
12 201 (4.43%) Consultant
13 195 (4.30%) Full Stack Developer
14 185 (4.08%) C# .NET Developer
15 170 (3.75%) Java Engineer
16 166 (3.66%) Senior Java Developer
17 162 (3.57%) Applications Support
18 158 (3.48%) PHP Developer
19 139 (3.06%) Web Developer
20 132 (2.91%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,087 (23.96%) HTML
2 886 (19.53%) .NET
3 846 (18.65%) CSS
4 672 (14.81%) Web Services
5 596 (13.14%) XML
6 576 (12.70%) Spring
7 534 (11.77%) AngularJS
8 488 (10.76%) jQuery
9 455 (10.03%) HTML5
10 429 (9.46%) REST
11 405 (8.93%) RESTful
12 382 (8.42%) ASP.NET
13 318 (7.01%) JSON
14 301 (6.63%) J2EE
15 289 (6.37%) Hibernate
16 272 (6.00%) Node.js
17 256 (5.64%) CSS3
17 256 (5.64%) Java EE
18 242 (5.33%) React
19 232 (5.11%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 613 (13.51%) Computer Science
2 533 (11.75%) Analytical Skills
3 237 (5.22%) Fintech
4 187 (4.12%) Algorithms
5 177 (3.90%) Management Information System
6 170 (3.75%) Enterprise Software
7 159 (3.50%) Greenfield Project
8 148 (3.26%) Data Structures
9 134 (2.95%) User Experience
10 115 (2.53%) Mobile App
11 89 (1.96%) Client/Server
12 73 (1.61%) Linux Command Line
13 64 (1.41%) Data Centre
14 61 (1.34%) Replication
15 58 (1.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 52 (1.15%) Equities
16 52 (1.15%) Hedge funds
17 50 (1.10%) Clustering
17 50 (1.10%) Virtual Team
18 48 (1.06%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 1,006 (22.17%) Linux
2 584 (12.87%) Unix
3 448 (9.87%) Windows
4 106 (2.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 87 (1.92%) Android
6 81 (1.79%) Windows Server
7 80 (1.76%) Solaris
8 71 (1.56%) Apple iOS
9 35 (0.77%) Windows Server 2008
10 30 (0.66%) Debian
11 27 (0.60%) Mac OS X
12 25 (0.55%) VMS
13 24 (0.53%) AIX
14 21 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
15 20 (0.44%) CentOS
15 20 (0.44%) Ubuntu
16 16 (0.35%) Windows 7
17 15 (0.33%) Mac OS
18 12 (0.26%) Windows 10
19 11 (0.24%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,839 (40.53%) Agile Software Development
2 760 (16.75%) TDD
3 734 (16.18%) OO
4 678 (14.94%) Scrum
5 662 (14.59%) Software Engineering
6 621 (13.69%) MVC
7 560 (12.34%) Business Intelligence
8 526 (11.59%) Test Automation
9 505 (11.13%) SDLC
10 492 (10.84%) Continuous Integration
10 492 (10.84%) DevOps
11 459 (10.12%) Analytics
12 420 (9.26%) ETL
13 403 (8.88%) Data Modelling
14 385 (8.49%) Web Development
15 382 (8.42%) BDD
16 356 (7.85%) Microservices
17 332 (7.32%) Open Source
18 295 (6.50%) Unit Testing
19 289 (6.37%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,371 (52.26%) SQL
2 1,745 (38.46%) Java
3 1,366 (30.11%) JavaScript
4 894 (19.70%) C#
5 878 (19.35%) Python
6 433 (9.54%) T-SQL
7 353 (7.78%) PHP
8 285 (6.28%) C++
9 251 (5.53%) Scala
10 226 (4.98%) Ruby
11 214 (4.72%) PL/SQL
12 193 (4.25%) Perl
13 187 (4.12%) C
14 181 (3.99%) Shell Script
15 167 (3.68%) Bash Shell
16 104 (2.29%) R
17 101 (2.23%) PowerShell
18 99 (2.18%) VB.NET
19 89 (1.96%) VB
20 75 (1.65%) Go
Qualifications
1 986 (21.73%) Degree
2 294 (6.48%) Computer Science Degree
3 108 (2.38%) Security Cleared
4 90 (1.98%) Master's Degree
5 58 (1.28%) Microsoft Certification
6 46 (1.01%) Numerate Degree
7 39 (0.86%) SC Cleared
8 38 (0.84%) DV Cleared
8 38 (0.84%) ISTQB
9 28 (0.62%) PhD
10 23 (0.51%) OCP
10 23 (0.51%) Oracle Certification
11 20 (0.44%) ISEB
12 16 (0.35%) MCSD
13 15 (0.33%) ITIL Certification
14 14 (0.31%) MCDBA
15 13 (0.29%) MBA
15 13 (0.29%) MCITP
16 12 (0.26%) MCTS
17 10 (0.22%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 324 (7.14%) QA
2 109 (2.40%) Data Quality
3 38 (0.84%) SLA
4 28 (0.62%) GDPR
5 19 (0.42%) GCP
6 17 (0.37%) PCI DSS
7 13 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 9 (0.20%) SEPA
9 5 (0.11%) COBIT
9 5 (0.11%) PMO
10 4 (0.088%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.088%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.066%) Actionable Recommendations
11 3 (0.066%) HL7
12 2 (0.044%) GAAP
12 2 (0.044%) Solvency II
13 1 (0.022%) Dodd-Frank
13 1 (0.022%) EMIR
13 1 (0.022%) HIPAA
13 1 (0.022%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 361 (7.96%) Docker
2 85 (1.87%) Active Directory
3 83 (1.83%) Oracle RAC
4 57 (1.26%) HDFS
5 49 (1.08%) VMware Infrastructure
6 31 (0.68%) Apache Flume
6 31 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
7 21 (0.46%) Hyper-V
8 20 (0.44%) VirtualBox
9 17 (0.37%) KVM
10 8 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
10 8 (0.18%) vSphere
11 7 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.15%) vCloud
11 7 (0.15%) VMware NSX
11 7 (0.15%) Xen
12 5 (0.11%) Samba
12 5 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
13 4 (0.088%) iptables
13 4 (0.088%) LXC
Systems Management
1 178 (3.92%) Ansible
2 162 (3.57%) Puppet
3 137 (3.02%) Opscode Chef
4 84 (1.85%) Kubernetes
5 46 (1.01%) Data Guard
6 43 (0.95%) Oracle RMAN
7 39 (0.86%) Terraform
8 32 (0.71%) Oozie
9 31 (0.68%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 26 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
11 24 (0.53%) Salt
12 20 (0.44%) Mesos
13 19 (0.42%) Kibana
14 18 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
15 17 (0.37%) Nagios
16 15 (0.33%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
17 13 (0.29%) Control-M
18 12 (0.26%) Packer
19 11 (0.24%) ZABBIX
20 10 (0.22%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 1,267 (27.93%) Oracle
2 751 (16.55%) Microsoft
3 146 (3.22%) Tableau
4 127 (2.80%) SAP
5 107 (2.36%) Red Hat
6 105 (2.31%) Google
7 94 (2.07%) Sybase
8 78 (1.72%) IBM
9 65 (1.43%) Splunk
10 61 (1.34%) Informatica
11 60 (1.32%) VMware
12 56 (1.23%) MicroStrategy
13 55 (1.21%) Teradata
14 50 (1.10%) Zend
15 48 (1.06%) Talend
16 47 (1.04%) Capita
16 47 (1.04%) TIBCO
17 45 (0.99%) Cloudera
18 41 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
19 39 (0.86%) Xamarin