Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 108 105 97
Rank change year-on-year -3 -8 -2
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 4,942 5,323 5,838
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.92% 3.02% 2.96%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.74% 9.84% 9.86%
Number of salaries quoted 3,806 4,047 4,671
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,070 £29,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £44,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +6.25%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 50,765 54,106 59,194
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.04% 30.70% 30.04%
Number of salaries quoted 41,356 44,927 50,546
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 4,511 £52,000 +4.00% 693
UK excluding London -13 2,747 £45,000 +2.27% 469
London +1 2,125 £60,000 - 284
South East +7 892 £50,000 +11.11% 115
North of England +8 517 £45,000 +9.76% 100
East of England +10 361 £45,000 -4.26% 68
Midlands +35 346 £43,500 -1.14% 66
Scotland -16 301 £45,000 -7.22% 34
South West -20 286 £41,000 +2.50% 59
North West -6 274 £40,000 -5.88% 75
West Midlands +56 246 £43,500 -3.33% 38
Yorkshire +21 201 £45,000 +12.50% 18
East Midlands -4 99 £42,500 +6.25% 28
Wales +31 81 £46,250 +15.63% 16
North East -11 42 £40,000 +2.67% 7
Northern Ireland -19 20 £51,000 +2.00% 11

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2,784 (56.33%) SQL
2 1,873 (37.90%) Java
3 1,854 (37.52%) Agile Software Development
4 1,634 (33.06%) SQL Server
5 1,624 (32.86%) RDBMS
6 1,429 (28.92%) JavaScript
7 1,336 (27.03%) Finance
8 1,285 (26.00%) Oracle
9 1,087 (22.00%) HTML
10 1,074 (21.73%) C#
11 1,039 (21.02%) .NET
12 1,002 (20.28%) Python
13 988 (19.99%) Linux
14 949 (19.20%) Microsoft
15 948 (19.18%) Degree
16 905 (18.31%) Problem-Solving
17 868 (17.56%) OO
18 833 (16.86%) CSS
19 819 (16.57%) Amazon AWS
20 805 (16.29%) NoSQL
21 754 (15.26%) Analytical Skills
22 734 (14.85%) Software Engineering
23 718 (14.53%) Web Services
24 696 (14.08%) TDD
25 688 (13.92%) MySQL
26 677 (13.70%) Computer Science
27 673 (13.62%) Git (software)
28 623 (12.61%) Spring
29 604 (12.22%) XML
30 600 (12.14%) Scrum

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 227 (4.59%) Apache Spark
2 213 (4.31%) Apache
3 199 (4.03%) Tomcat
4 189 (3.82%) JBoss
5 151 (3.06%) WebSphere
6 126 (2.55%) Elasticsearch
7 117 (2.37%) Confluence
8 116 (2.35%) IIS
9 106 (2.14%) SharePoint
10 105 (2.12%) WebLogic
11 82 (1.66%) CMS
12 75 (1.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 65 (1.32%) MQSeries
14 55 (1.11%) SAS
15 46 (0.93%) OpenStack
16 39 (0.79%) Drupal
17 37 (0.75%) WordPress
18 34 (0.69%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 33 (0.67%) nginx
20 32 (0.65%) Oracle HTTP Server
Applications
1 213 (4.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 123 (2.49%) Microsoft Office
3 22 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 21 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
5 14 (0.28%) MS Visio
6 12 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
7 11 (0.22%) GNU Octave
8 10 (0.20%) HipChat
9 7 (0.14%) SPSS
10 6 (0.12%) Photoshop
11 4 (0.081%) Chatbot
12 2 (0.040%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 2 (0.040%) FrameMaker
12 2 (0.040%) RoboHelp
12 2 (0.040%) Weka
13 1 (0.020%) Acrobat
13 1 (0.020%) AutoCAD
13 1 (0.020%) EngageOne
13 1 (0.020%) Fireworks
13 1 (0.020%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 28 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 26 (0.53%) Oracle EBS
3 24 (0.49%) SimCorp Dimension
4 21 (0.42%) Oracle Applications
5 19 (0.38%) Relativity
6 18 (0.36%) Ringtail
7 16 (0.32%) Magento
7 16 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
8 15 (0.30%) Oracle EBS R12
9 14 (0.28%) Oracle 11i
10 12 (0.24%) SDL Web 8
11 11 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
11 11 (0.22%) Unit4 Business World
11 11 (0.22%) Veritas eDiscovery
12 9 (0.18%) Concordance
12 9 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
13 8 (0.16%) Infor SunSystems
13 8 (0.16%) Sentinel
14 7 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
15 6 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 819 (16.57%) Amazon AWS
2 576 (11.66%) Microsoft Azure
3 167 (3.38%) SaaS
4 123 (2.49%) GitHub
5 103 (2.08%) IaaS
6 97 (1.96%) Google Cloud Platform
6 97 (1.96%) Serverless
7 93 (1.88%) Cloud Computing
8 87 (1.76%) Amazon EC2
9 76 (1.54%) Amazon S3
10 70 (1.42%) Office 365
11 54 (1.09%) AWS Lambda
12 48 (0.97%) PaaS
13 42 (0.85%) AWS CloudFormation
14 29 (0.59%) Amazon EMR
14 29 (0.59%) Amazon Kinesis
15 24 (0.49%) Google Analytics
16 22 (0.45%) Amazon ELB
16 22 (0.45%) Amazon SQS
16 22 (0.45%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 152 (3.08%) HTTP
2 137 (2.77%) Internet
3 125 (2.53%) TCP/IP
4 89 (1.80%) Firewall
5 56 (1.13%) SAN
6 47 (0.95%) DNS
7 43 (0.87%) NAS
8 38 (0.77%) VPN
9 26 (0.53%) FTP
9 26 (0.53%) SSL
10 24 (0.49%) AMQP
11 21 (0.42%) WAN
12 20 (0.40%) LAN
12 20 (0.40%) SMS
13 17 (0.34%) WebEx
14 16 (0.32%) Network Security
14 16 (0.32%) Skype
15 12 (0.24%) Intranet
15 12 (0.24%) Kerberos
15 12 (0.24%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,634 (33.06%) SQL Server
2 1,624 (32.86%) RDBMS
3 805 (16.29%) NoSQL
4 688 (13.92%) MySQL
5 572 (11.57%) PostgreSQL
6 540 (10.93%) Big Data
7 498 (10.08%) Data Warehouse
8 449 (9.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 401 (8.11%) MongoDB
10 337 (6.82%) Oracle Database
11 319 (6.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 241 (4.88%) Apache Cassandra
13 240 (4.86%) Hadoop
14 207 (4.19%) SQL Server 2008
15 201 (4.07%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 158 (3.20%) DB2
17 144 (2.91%) SQL Server 2012
18 136 (2.75%) Power BI
19 123 (2.49%) Redis
20 113 (2.29%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 673 (13.62%) Git (software)
2 307 (6.21%) Jenkins
3 300 (6.07%) JIRA
4 246 (4.98%) Maven
5 193 (3.91%) Subversion
6 155 (3.14%) JUnit
7 128 (2.59%) Selenium
8 115 (2.33%) Visual Studio
9 107 (2.17%) Team Foundation Server
10 93 (1.88%) Eclipse
11 92 (1.86%) TeamCity
12 81 (1.64%) Cucumber
13 79 (1.60%) Bitbucket
14 67 (1.36%) Gradle
15 54 (1.09%) NUnit
16 53 (1.07%) Ant
17 51 (1.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 51 (1.03%) Vagrant
18 44 (0.89%) Karma Test Runner
19 39 (0.79%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 1,336 (27.03%) Finance
2 514 (10.40%) Banking
3 302 (6.11%) Retail
4 262 (5.30%) Investment Banking
5 227 (4.59%) Financial Institution
6 219 (4.43%) Marketing
7 127 (2.57%) Games
8 117 (2.37%) Advertising
9 96 (1.94%) Legal
10 95 (1.92%) Front Office
11 80 (1.62%) Telecoms
12 76 (1.54%) Manufacturing
13 66 (1.34%) Back Office
14 57 (1.15%) Law
15 38 (0.77%) Electronics
16 27 (0.55%) Publishing
17 16 (0.32%) Automotive
17 16 (0.32%) German Language
18 15 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
19 12 (0.24%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 2,323 (47.01%) Developer
2 697 (14.10%) Java Developer
3 581 (11.76%) Analyst
4 457 (9.25%) Senior Developer
5 352 (7.12%) Software Developer
6 347 (7.02%) C# Developer
7 316 (6.39%) Software Engineer
8 295 (5.97%) .NET Developer
9 277 (5.61%) DBA
10 266 (5.38%) Architect
11 237 (4.80%) Applications Support
12 223 (4.51%) Java Engineer
13 218 (4.41%) SQL Developer
14 206 (4.17%) Junior
15 181 (3.66%) C# .NET Developer
16 179 (3.62%) Support Analyst
17 165 (3.34%) Senior Java Developer
18 163 (3.30%) Consultant
19 160 (3.24%) Administrator
20 156 (3.16%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,087 (22.00%) HTML
2 1,039 (21.02%) .NET
3 833 (16.86%) CSS
4 718 (14.53%) Web Services
5 623 (12.61%) Spring
6 604 (12.22%) XML
7 586 (11.86%) AngularJS
8 489 (9.89%) RESTful
9 437 (8.84%) REST
10 433 (8.76%) HTML5
11 428 (8.66%) ASP.NET
12 394 (7.97%) Hibernate
13 385 (7.79%) jQuery
14 351 (7.10%) .NET Framework
15 329 (6.66%) JSON
16 315 (6.37%) SOAP
17 306 (6.19%) React
18 254 (5.14%) Node.js
19 235 (4.76%) CSS3
20 234 (4.73%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 754 (15.26%) Analytical Skills
2 677 (13.70%) Computer Science
3 237 (4.80%) Fintech
4 234 (4.73%) Enterprise Software
5 215 (4.35%) Self-Motivation
6 201 (4.07%) Cyberthreat
7 174 (3.52%) Algorithms
8 169 (3.42%) Management Information System
9 161 (3.26%) Mobile App
10 150 (3.04%) User Experience
11 148 (2.99%) Greenfield Project
12 138 (2.79%) Data Structures
13 126 (2.55%) Virtual Team
14 112 (2.27%) Replication
15 93 (1.88%) Derivative
16 77 (1.56%) Clustering
16 77 (1.56%) Hedge funds
17 70 (1.42%) Equities
18 56 (1.13%) Linux Command Line
19 52 (1.05%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 988 (19.99%) Linux
2 524 (10.60%) Windows
3 522 (10.56%) Unix
4 114 (2.31%) Windows Server
5 98 (1.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 56 (1.13%) Android
7 53 (1.07%) Apple iOS
8 37 (0.75%) Solaris
9 32 (0.65%) CentOS
10 30 (0.61%) AIX
10 30 (0.61%) Ubuntu
10 30 (0.61%) Windows 7
11 29 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
12 27 (0.55%) VMS
13 26 (0.53%) Mac OS X
14 23 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
15 22 (0.45%) Mac OS
16 16 (0.32%) HPUX
17 14 (0.28%) Debian
18 9 (0.18%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,854 (37.52%) Agile Software Development
2 905 (18.31%) Problem-Solving
3 868 (17.56%) OO
4 734 (14.85%) Software Engineering
5 696 (14.08%) TDD
6 600 (12.14%) Scrum
7 574 (11.61%) ETL
8 562 (11.37%) MVC
9 541 (10.95%) Test Automation
10 525 (10.62%) Business Intelligence
11 517 (10.46%) Continuous Integration
12 493 (9.98%) SDLC
13 475 (9.61%) DevOps
14 469 (9.49%) Microservices
15 452 (9.15%) Analytics
16 335 (6.78%) Data Modelling
17 328 (6.64%) Web Development
18 322 (6.52%) OOP
19 317 (6.41%) Unit Testing
20 303 (6.13%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 2,784 (56.33%) SQL
2 1,873 (37.90%) Java
3 1,429 (28.92%) JavaScript
4 1,074 (21.73%) C#
5 1,002 (20.28%) Python
6 440 (8.90%) T-SQL
7 396 (8.01%) PHP
8 332 (6.72%) C++
9 262 (5.30%) Scala
10 251 (5.08%) PL/SQL
11 248 (5.02%) Perl
12 246 (4.98%) Java 8
13 229 (4.63%) Shell Script
14 227 (4.59%) Ruby
15 197 (3.99%) PowerShell
16 183 (3.70%) Bash Shell
17 156 (3.16%) C
18 126 (2.55%) R
19 107 (2.17%) VB.NET
20 99 (2.00%) VB
Qualifications
1 948 (19.18%) Degree
2 307 (6.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 90 (1.82%) Microsoft Certification
3 90 (1.82%) Security Cleared
4 84 (1.70%) Master's Degree
5 49 (0.99%) PhD
6 33 (0.67%) MCSE
6 33 (0.67%) SC Cleared
7 31 (0.63%) MCSA
8 30 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
9 26 (0.53%) Oracle Certification
10 24 (0.49%) ISEB
10 24 (0.49%) OCP
11 21 (0.42%) ISTQB
12 17 (0.34%) ITIL Certification
13 16 (0.32%) DV Cleared
14 14 (0.28%) Postgraduate
15 12 (0.24%) HNC
16 11 (0.22%) AWS Certification
16 11 (0.22%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 305 (6.17%) QA
2 156 (3.16%) Data Quality
3 73 (1.48%) SLA
4 46 (0.93%) GDPR
5 42 (0.85%) GCP
6 26 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 20 (0.40%) PCI DSS
7 20 (0.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 10 (0.20%) ISO 9001
9 5 (0.10%) MiFID
10 4 (0.081%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 3 (0.061%) WCAG
12 2 (0.040%) HL7
12 2 (0.040%) ISO 22301
12 2 (0.040%) PMO
13 1 (0.020%) Cyber Essentials
13 1 (0.020%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 342 (6.92%) Docker
2 110 (2.23%) Oracle RAC
3 105 (2.12%) Active Directory
4 60 (1.21%) VMware Infrastructure
5 46 (0.93%) HDFS
6 43 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
7 25 (0.51%) Apache Flume
7 25 (0.51%) Hyper-V
8 10 (0.20%) KVM
9 9 (0.18%) VirtualBox
10 8 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 8 (0.16%) LXC
11 7 (0.14%) Firmware
11 7 (0.14%) OpenAM
11 7 (0.14%) VMware Workstation
12 6 (0.12%) oVirt
12 6 (0.12%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 6 (0.12%) Xen
13 5 (0.10%) ACF2
13 5 (0.10%) RACF
Systems Management
1 165 (3.34%) Puppet
2 158 (3.20%) Ansible
3 155 (3.14%) Kubernetes
4 127 (2.57%) Opscode Chef
5 94 (1.90%) Terraform
6 73 (1.48%) Data Guard
7 56 (1.13%) Oracle RMAN
8 39 (0.79%) Nagios
9 37 (0.75%) Kibana
10 32 (0.65%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 28 (0.57%) logstash
11 28 (0.57%) Packer
12 22 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
13 21 (0.42%) Marathon
14 20 (0.40%) Salt
14 20 (0.40%) ZABBIX
15 19 (0.38%) Mesos
15 19 (0.38%) Microsoft Clustering
15 19 (0.38%) Oozie
16 18 (0.36%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 1,285 (26.00%) Oracle
2 949 (19.20%) Microsoft
3 218 (4.41%) Sybase
4 171 (3.46%) Tableau
5 166 (3.36%) Google
6 145 (2.93%) IBM
7 107 (2.17%) SAP
8 88 (1.78%) Informatica
9 87 (1.76%) VMware
10 80 (1.62%) Red Hat
11 69 (1.40%) Salesforce.com
12 59 (1.19%) Xamarin
13 58 (1.17%) Capita
13 58 (1.17%) Splunk
14 49 (0.99%) Atlassian
15 46 (0.93%) Cognos
16 43 (0.87%) Adobe
17 42 (0.85%) hybris
18 41 (0.83%) Sun
19 40 (0.81%) AppDynamics