Period
to 19 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 19 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 106 107 102
Rank change year-on-year +1 -5 -10
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 4,860 5,239 5,556
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.95% 3.00% 2.90%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 10.01% 9.84% 9.80%
Number of salaries quoted 3,788 3,863 4,350
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £31,750 £31,000 £30,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 48,569 53,262 56,691
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.48% 30.47% 29.63%
Number of salaries quoted 39,616 43,761 48,253
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 19 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 4,434 £52,500 +5.00% 690
UK excluding London -3 2,675 £45,000 - 500
London +3 2,119 £60,000 - 262
South East -2 864 £50,000 +11.11% 127
North of England +12 540 £45,000 +5.88% 130
Midlands +49 346 £43,500 -3.33% 67
East of England +6 332 £45,000 -4.26% 55
Scotland -9 303 £45,000 +5.88% 48
North West +7 287 £45,000 - 79
South West -26 265 £42,500 +6.25% 49
West Midlands +70 245 £45,000 - 38
Yorkshire +23 213 £45,000 +12.50% 43
East Midlands +5 100 £42,500 -8.11% 29
Wales +16 60 £41,250 +7.14% 14
North East -6 40 £40,000 +2.67% 8
Northern Ireland -26 19 £51,000 +36.00% 10

For the 6 months to 19 October 2018, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 2,816 (57.94%) SQL
2 1,866 (38.40%) Java
3 1,823 (37.51%) Agile Software Development
4 1,635 (33.64%) SQL Server
5 1,606 (33.05%) RDBMS
6 1,378 (28.35%) JavaScript
7 1,374 (28.27%) Finance
8 1,332 (27.41%) Oracle
9 1,070 (22.02%) HTML
10 1,035 (21.30%) C#
11 1,014 (20.86%) Python
12 1,003 (20.64%) Microsoft
13 1,001 (20.60%) Linux
14 975 (20.06%) .NET
15 878 (18.07%) Degree
16 851 (17.51%) Problem-Solving
17 838 (17.24%) OO
18 829 (17.06%) Amazon AWS
19 813 (16.73%) CSS
20 802 (16.50%) NoSQL
21 742 (15.27%) MySQL
22 707 (14.55%) Software Engineering
23 691 (14.22%) Analytical Skills
24 680 (13.99%) Git (software)
25 679 (13.97%) TDD
26 677 (13.93%) Web Services
27 641 (13.19%) Computer Science
28 627 (12.90%) Spring
29 612 (12.59%) AngularJS
30 603 (12.41%) XML

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 193 (3.97%) Apache Spark
2 176 (3.62%) Tomcat
3 171 (3.52%) Apache
4 155 (3.19%) JBoss
5 139 (2.86%) Elasticsearch
6 131 (2.70%) WebSphere
7 111 (2.28%) IIS
8 106 (2.18%) Confluence
9 102 (2.10%) SharePoint
10 78 (1.60%) WebLogic
11 73 (1.50%) CMS
12 71 (1.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 54 (1.11%) MQSeries
14 51 (1.05%) SAS
15 45 (0.93%) OpenStack
16 34 (0.70%) nginx
17 32 (0.66%) GlassFish
18 31 (0.64%) Apache Pig
19 30 (0.62%) Drupal
20 28 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 187 (3.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 111 (2.28%) Microsoft Office
3 24 (0.49%) MS Visio
4 21 (0.43%) Spreadsheet
5 18 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.19%) GNU Octave
7 8 (0.16%) HipChat
8 7 (0.14%) Photoshop
9 5 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
10 4 (0.082%) Chatbot
10 4 (0.082%) Weka
11 2 (0.041%) SPSS
12 1 (0.021%) Acrobat
12 1 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.021%) AutoCAD
12 1 (0.021%) EngageOne
12 1 (0.021%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 37 (0.76%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.45%) Oracle EBS
3 20 (0.41%) Oracle EBS R12
3 20 (0.41%) SAP Hybris
4 19 (0.39%) Oracle Applications
4 19 (0.39%) SimCorp Dimension
5 18 (0.37%) Magento
6 17 (0.35%) Oracle 11i
7 13 (0.27%) SDL Web 8
8 12 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
8 12 (0.25%) NetSuite
9 11 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
9 11 (0.23%) Unit4 Business World
10 10 (0.21%) Markit EDM
11 9 (0.19%) Relativity
11 9 (0.19%) Ringtail
12 8 (0.16%) Infor SunSystems
12 8 (0.16%) Sentinel
13 7 (0.14%) Concordance
14 6 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 829 (17.06%) Amazon AWS
2 600 (12.35%) Microsoft Azure
3 177 (3.64%) SaaS
4 136 (2.80%) GitHub
5 106 (2.18%) Google Cloud Platform
6 101 (2.08%) IaaS
7 100 (2.06%) Amazon EC2
8 98 (2.02%) Serverless
9 88 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
10 84 (1.73%) Amazon S3
11 75 (1.54%) PaaS
12 72 (1.48%) Office 365
13 50 (1.03%) AWS Lambda
14 38 (0.78%) Amazon Kinesis
15 37 (0.76%) Amazon EMR
15 37 (0.76%) AWS CloudFormation
16 33 (0.68%) OpenShift
17 29 (0.60%) Amazon SQS
18 27 (0.56%) Google Analytics
19 26 (0.53%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 152 (3.13%) Internet
2 140 (2.88%) HTTP
3 101 (2.08%) TCP/IP
4 54 (1.11%) Firewall
5 41 (0.84%) DNS
5 41 (0.84%) SAN
6 28 (0.58%) VPN
7 27 (0.56%) Network Security
8 24 (0.49%) AMQP
8 24 (0.49%) NAS
9 23 (0.47%) FTP
10 22 (0.45%) SSL
11 18 (0.37%) WAN
12 17 (0.35%) LAN
12 17 (0.35%) SMS
13 15 (0.31%) SMTP
14 13 (0.27%) Skype
14 13 (0.27%) WebEx
15 11 (0.23%) DHCP
15 11 (0.23%) WPA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,635 (33.64%) SQL Server
2 1,606 (33.05%) RDBMS
3 802 (16.50%) NoSQL
4 742 (15.27%) MySQL
5 549 (11.30%) PostgreSQL
6 541 (11.13%) Big Data
7 505 (10.39%) Data Warehouse
8 446 (9.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 405 (8.33%) MongoDB
10 342 (7.04%) Oracle Database
11 316 (6.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 238 (4.90%) Hadoop
13 227 (4.67%) Apache Cassandra
14 223 (4.59%) SQL Server 2008
15 189 (3.89%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 144 (2.96%) SQL Server 2012
17 141 (2.90%) Power BI
18 137 (2.82%) DB2
19 124 (2.55%) BusinessObjects
20 115 (2.37%) Redis
Development Applications
1 680 (13.99%) Git (software)
2 343 (7.06%) Jenkins
3 285 (5.86%) Maven
4 280 (5.76%) JIRA
5 206 (4.24%) Subversion
6 151 (3.11%) Selenium
7 146 (3.00%) JUnit
8 124 (2.55%) Visual Studio
9 102 (2.10%) Eclipse
10 95 (1.95%) Team Foundation Server
11 93 (1.91%) Cucumber
12 92 (1.89%) TeamCity
13 77 (1.58%) Gradle
14 68 (1.40%) Bitbucket
15 67 (1.38%) Ant
16 46 (0.95%) Visual Studio Team System
17 45 (0.93%) NUnit
18 39 (0.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 39 (0.80%) Octopus Deploy
19 37 (0.76%) IntelliJ
General
1 1,374 (28.27%) Finance
2 553 (11.38%) Banking
3 280 (5.76%) Retail
4 235 (4.84%) Marketing
5 228 (4.69%) Investment Banking
6 218 (4.49%) Financial Institution
7 121 (2.49%) Games
8 95 (1.95%) Advertising
9 84 (1.73%) Front Office
10 77 (1.58%) Legal
11 72 (1.48%) Telecoms
12 67 (1.38%) Manufacturing
13 55 (1.13%) Back Office
14 49 (1.01%) Law
15 44 (0.91%) Electronics
16 20 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
17 19 (0.39%) German Language
18 17 (0.35%) Automotive
19 14 (0.29%) French Language
20 13 (0.27%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,264 (46.58%) Developer
2 704 (14.49%) Java Developer
3 537 (11.05%) Analyst
4 507 (10.43%) Senior Developer
5 352 (7.24%) Architect
6 320 (6.58%) Software Developer
7 291 (5.99%) C# Developer
8 287 (5.91%) DBA
9 272 (5.60%) Software Engineer
10 270 (5.56%) .NET Developer
11 249 (5.12%) SQL Developer
12 234 (4.81%) Applications Support
13 194 (3.99%) Junior
14 188 (3.87%) Java Engineer
15 182 (3.74%) Support Analyst
16 180 (3.70%) Senior Java Developer
17 167 (3.44%) Administrator
18 161 (3.31%) Consultant
19 160 (3.29%) Junior Developer
20 155 (3.19%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,070 (22.02%) HTML
2 975 (20.06%) .NET
3 813 (16.73%) CSS
4 677 (13.93%) Web Services
5 627 (12.90%) Spring
6 612 (12.59%) AngularJS
7 603 (12.41%) XML
8 455 (9.36%) RESTful
9 422 (8.68%) HTML5
10 407 (8.37%) ASP.NET
11 387 (7.96%) Hibernate
11 387 (7.96%) REST
12 373 (7.67%) jQuery
13 308 (6.34%) JSON
14 295 (6.07%) React
15 285 (5.86%) SOAP
16 281 (5.78%) Node.js
17 272 (5.60%) .NET Framework
18 231 (4.75%) CSS3
18 231 (4.75%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 691 (14.22%) Analytical Skills
2 641 (13.19%) Computer Science
3 257 (5.29%) Fintech
4 256 (5.27%) Enterprise Software
5 207 (4.26%) Self-Motivation
6 183 (3.77%) Cyberthreat
7 182 (3.74%) Algorithms
8 175 (3.60%) User Experience
9 166 (3.42%) Data Structures
10 159 (3.27%) Greenfield Project
10 159 (3.27%) Management Information System
11 149 (3.07%) Mobile App
12 124 (2.55%) Virtual Team
13 103 (2.12%) Derivative
14 96 (1.98%) Replication
15 78 (1.60%) Hedge funds
16 73 (1.50%) Clustering
17 63 (1.30%) Linux Command Line
18 53 (1.09%) Fixed Income
19 50 (1.03%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 1,001 (20.60%) Linux
2 561 (11.54%) Unix
3 497 (10.23%) Windows
4 133 (2.74%) Windows Server
5 101 (2.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 52 (1.07%) Apple iOS
7 51 (1.05%) Android
8 50 (1.03%) CentOS
9 47 (0.97%) Solaris
10 41 (0.84%) Ubuntu
11 34 (0.70%) AIX
12 29 (0.60%) Mac OS X
13 25 (0.51%) VMS
13 25 (0.51%) Windows Server 2008
14 23 (0.47%) Windows 7
15 19 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
16 16 (0.33%) HPUX
17 12 (0.25%) Oracle Linux
18 10 (0.21%) CoreOS
18 10 (0.21%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,823 (37.51%) Agile Software Development
2 851 (17.51%) Problem-Solving
3 838 (17.24%) OO
4 707 (14.55%) Software Engineering
5 679 (13.97%) TDD
6 589 (12.12%) Scrum
7 579 (11.91%) ETL
8 541 (11.13%) Test Automation
9 527 (10.84%) MVC
10 521 (10.72%) Business Intelligence
11 518 (10.66%) Continuous Integration
12 492 (10.12%) SDLC
13 486 (10.00%) Microservices
14 469 (9.65%) Analytics
15 453 (9.32%) DevOps
16 383 (7.88%) Data Modelling
17 334 (6.87%) BDD
18 318 (6.54%) OOP
19 307 (6.32%) Web Development
20 306 (6.30%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,816 (57.94%) SQL
2 1,866 (38.40%) Java
3 1,378 (28.35%) JavaScript
4 1,035 (21.30%) C#
5 1,014 (20.86%) Python
6 432 (8.89%) T-SQL
7 346 (7.12%) PHP
8 325 (6.69%) C++
9 264 (5.43%) PL/SQL
10 245 (5.04%) Scala
11 235 (4.84%) Shell Script
12 225 (4.63%) Ruby
13 224 (4.61%) Java 8
14 195 (4.01%) PowerShell
15 185 (3.81%) Perl
16 162 (3.33%) Bash Shell
17 152 (3.13%) C
18 125 (2.57%) R
19 110 (2.26%) Go
20 105 (2.16%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 878 (18.07%) Degree
2 288 (5.93%) Computer Science Degree
3 121 (2.49%) Microsoft Certification
4 114 (2.35%) Security Cleared
5 90 (1.85%) Master's Degree
6 53 (1.09%) SC Cleared
7 47 (0.97%) MCSA
8 38 (0.78%) MCSE
9 37 (0.76%) PhD
10 30 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
11 20 (0.41%) DV Cleared
12 19 (0.39%) ISEB
12 19 (0.39%) Oracle Certification
13 18 (0.37%) ISTQB
14 17 (0.35%) AWS Certification
15 16 (0.33%) OCP
16 12 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
16 12 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
16 12 (0.25%) Sun Certification
17 11 (0.23%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 283 (5.82%) QA
2 169 (3.48%) Data Quality
3 75 (1.54%) SLA
4 58 (1.19%) GDPR
5 35 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 16 (0.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 14 (0.29%) ISO 9001
8 13 (0.27%) PCI DSS
9 12 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 5 (0.10%) MiFID
11 4 (0.082%) PSD2
12 3 (0.062%) WCAG
13 2 (0.041%) HL7
13 2 (0.041%) ISO 22301
13 2 (0.041%) PMO
14 1 (0.021%) Cyber Essentials
14 1 (0.021%) IFRS
14 1 (0.021%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 346 (7.12%) Docker
2 125 (2.57%) Active Directory
3 89 (1.83%) Oracle RAC
4 75 (1.54%) VMware Infrastructure
5 56 (1.15%) HDFS
6 55 (1.13%) Virtual Machines
7 31 (0.64%) Hyper-V
8 29 (0.60%) Apache Flume
9 12 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 11 (0.23%) Firmware
10 11 (0.23%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 11 (0.23%) VirtualBox
11 10 (0.21%) KVM
11 10 (0.21%) LXC
12 7 (0.14%) iptables
13 6 (0.12%) oVirt
14 3 (0.062%) NFS
14 3 (0.062%) OpenAM
14 3 (0.062%) Samba
14 3 (0.062%) Xen
Systems Management
1 181 (3.72%) Ansible
2 166 (3.42%) Kubernetes
3 126 (2.59%) Puppet
4 122 (2.51%) Opscode Chef
5 85 (1.75%) Terraform
6 71 (1.46%) Data Guard
7 46 (0.95%) Oracle RMAN
8 37 (0.76%) Kibana
9 34 (0.70%) Nagios
10 29 (0.60%) Docker Swarm
11 28 (0.58%) Oozie
12 27 (0.56%) logstash
13 25 (0.51%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 24 (0.49%) Packer
15 23 (0.47%) Mesos
16 22 (0.45%) Prometheus
16 22 (0.45%) Salt
17 20 (0.41%) HP Quality Center
18 19 (0.39%) Tivoli
19 18 (0.37%) BMC PATROL
Vendors
1 1,332 (27.41%) Oracle
2 1,003 (20.64%) Microsoft
3 207 (4.26%) Google
3 207 (4.26%) Sybase
4 145 (2.98%) Tableau
5 134 (2.76%) IBM
6 108 (2.22%) SAP
7 97 (2.00%) VMware
8 90 (1.85%) Informatica
9 88 (1.81%) Red Hat
10 77 (1.58%) Salesforce.com
11 59 (1.21%) Cognos
12 52 (1.07%) Xamarin
13 49 (1.01%) Atlassian
14 47 (0.97%) Hortonworks
14 47 (0.97%) Splunk
15 46 (0.95%) Cloudera
16 45 (0.93%) Adobe
17 44 (0.91%) hybris
18 38 (0.78%) Remedy