Period
to 4 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 4 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
4 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 149 131 110
Rank change year-on-year -18 -21 -2
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 1,501 3,817 5,063
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.26% 2.67% 2.93%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 8.25% 9.73% 9.67%
Number of salaries quoted 1,223 3,141 4,036
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £31,411 £31,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 18,184 39,211 52,348
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.32% 27.41% 30.28%
Number of salaries quoted 14,770 32,177 42,664
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 4 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 1,395 £57,500 +4.55% 202
UK excluding London -23 792 £47,500 +5.56% 154
London -14 689 £68,000 +0.74% 75
South East +10 285 £50,000 +5.26% 30
North of England +2 185 £45,000 - 39
North West +5 115 £46,342 +2.98% 23
Work from Home -23 105 £50,000 -9.09% 38
Midlands +25 91 £40,000 - 24
South West -31 74 £45,000 - 21
East of England -24 67 £57,500 +4.55% 12
Scotland -11 63 £45,000 - 10
Yorkshire +30 59 £46,000 +2.22% 12
West Midlands +35 54 £40,000 - 9
East Midlands +36 37 £42,500 +21.43% 14
Wales -26 18 £45,000 +5.88% 15
North East +17 11 £31,880 -23.08% 4
Northern Ireland +9 10 £57,500 +21.05% 3
Isle of Man +3 2 £47,500 -

For the 6 months to 4 August 2020, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 743 (49.50%) SQL
2 612 (40.77%) Agile Software Development
3 549 (36.58%) SQL Server
4 490 (32.64%) RDBMS
5 462 (30.78%) Java
6 449 (29.91%) JavaScript
7 423 (28.18%) AWS
8 390 (25.98%) Python
9 376 (25.05%) C#
10 345 (22.98%) .NET
11 322 (21.45%) Finance
12 316 (21.05%) Degree
13 310 (20.65%) HTML
14 309 (20.59%) Oracle
15 280 (18.65%) Software Engineering
16 278 (18.52%) CSS
17 259 (17.26%) Azure
18 255 (16.99%) Microsoft
19 246 (16.39%) Computer Science
20 241 (16.06%) MySQL
21 235 (15.66%) OO
22 233 (15.52%) DevOps
23 231 (15.39%) Problem-Solving
24 230 (15.32%) Linux
25 228 (15.19%) NoSQL
26 220 (14.66%) Microservices
27 217 (14.46%) Git (software)
28 213 (14.19%) TDD
29 193 (12.86%) Analytical Skills
30 192 (12.79%) Docker

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (3.93%) Apache Spark
2 53 (3.53%) Apache
3 45 (3.00%) Elasticsearch
4 30 (2.00%) IIS
5 27 (1.80%) Confluence
6 24 (1.60%) Tomcat
7 22 (1.47%) SAS
8 21 (1.40%) CMS
9 20 (1.33%) Apache Airflow
10 16 (1.07%) nginx
11 15 (1.00%) Luigi
12 14 (0.93%) WebSphere
13 13 (0.87%) SharePoint
14 12 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
15 9 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 9 (0.60%) WebLogic
16 8 (0.53%) Apache Synapse
17 6 (0.40%) Umbraco
18 5 (0.33%) JBoss
18 5 (0.33%) OpenStack
Applications
1 59 (3.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (1.47%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (0.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.40%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.27%) Camtasia
5 4 (0.27%) MadCap Flare
5 4 (0.27%) SPSS
6 3 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.13%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.067%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.067%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 9 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.40%) FastStats
3 4 (0.27%) Adobe Campaign
3 4 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 3 (0.20%) Magento
4 3 (0.20%) SAP IS-U
5 2 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.13%) Maximo
5 2 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.067%) Elite 3E
6 1 (0.067%) FLEXCUBE
6 1 (0.067%) JDE EnterpriseOne
6 1 (0.067%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 1 (0.067%) Primavera
6 1 (0.067%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 423 (28.18%) AWS
2 259 (17.26%) Azure
3 87 (5.80%) GCP
4 82 (5.46%) Power Platform
5 67 (4.46%) SaaS
6 53 (3.53%) Amazon EC2
7 41 (2.73%) Cloud Computing
8 40 (2.66%) Amazon S3
9 39 (2.60%) GitHub
10 36 (2.40%) Serverless
11 34 (2.27%) IaaS
12 23 (1.53%) AWS Lambda
12 23 (1.53%) PaaS
13 20 (1.33%) Amazon EMR
14 16 (1.07%) Amazon ECS
14 16 (1.07%) Amazon SQS
15 15 (1.00%) npm
16 14 (0.93%) AWS CloudFormation
17 12 (0.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 10 (0.67%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 38 (2.53%) Internet
2 36 (2.40%) HTTP
3 23 (1.53%) TCP/IP
4 17 (1.13%) Firewall
4 17 (1.13%) SAN
5 16 (1.07%) DNS
5 16 (1.07%) VPN
6 14 (0.93%) Network Security
7 10 (0.67%) Fibre Channel
7 10 (0.67%) iSCSI
7 10 (0.67%) SNMP
8 9 (0.60%) MQTT
9 8 (0.53%) DHCP
10 7 (0.47%) IPv6
11 6 (0.40%) AMQP
11 6 (0.40%) NAS
12 5 (0.33%) 5G
12 5 (0.33%) FIX Connectivity
13 4 (0.27%) SWIFTNet
13 4 (0.27%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 549 (36.58%) SQL Server
2 490 (32.64%) RDBMS
3 241 (16.06%) MySQL
4 228 (15.19%) NoSQL
5 177 (11.79%) PostgreSQL
6 150 (9.99%) Big Data
7 138 (9.19%) Data Warehouse
8 123 (8.19%) MongoDB
9 85 (5.66%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 82 (5.46%) Power BI
11 81 (5.40%) Oracle Database
12 77 (5.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 67 (4.46%) Hadoop
14 65 (4.33%) Redis
15 54 (3.60%) Data Lake
16 51 (3.40%) Amazon Redshift
17 49 (3.26%) Apache Cassandra
18 48 (3.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 43 (2.86%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 41 (2.73%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 217 (14.46%) Git (software)
2 119 (7.93%) Jenkins
3 79 (5.26%) JIRA
4 68 (4.53%) Selenium
5 48 (3.20%) JUnit
5 48 (3.20%) Maven
6 40 (2.66%) Visual Studio
7 28 (1.87%) webpack
8 27 (1.80%) Bitbucket
8 27 (1.80%) SoapUI
9 26 (1.73%) LoadRunner
10 25 (1.67%) HP UFT
10 25 (1.67%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
11 21 (1.40%) Subversion
12 19 (1.27%) gulp
13 18 (1.20%) Grunt
13 18 (1.20%) IntelliJ
14 17 (1.13%) ERwin
14 17 (1.13%) RSpec
14 17 (1.13%) TeamCity
General
1 322 (21.45%) Finance
2 55 (3.66%) Banking
3 42 (2.80%) Marketing
4 38 (2.53%) Retail
5 33 (2.20%) Public Sector
6 21 (1.40%) Front Office
6 21 (1.40%) Games
6 21 (1.40%) Telecoms
7 19 (1.27%) Advertising
8 18 (1.20%) Back Office
8 18 (1.20%) Publishing
9 17 (1.13%) Manufacturing
10 16 (1.07%) Automotive
11 15 (1.00%) Legal
12 13 (0.87%) Financial Institution
13 10 (0.67%) Investment Banking
13 10 (0.67%) Law
14 9 (0.60%) Electronics
15 7 (0.47%) Police
16 6 (0.40%) Russian Language
Job Titles
1 767 (51.10%) Developer
2 177 (11.79%) Java Developer
3 147 (9.79%) Senior Developer
4 137 (9.13%) Analyst
5 130 (8.66%) C# Developer
6 117 (7.79%) .NET Developer
7 104 (6.93%) Architect
8 95 (6.33%) Software Engineer
9 94 (6.26%) Python Developer
10 93 (6.20%) Junior
11 84 (5.60%) Full Stack Developer
12 83 (5.53%) Data Engineer
12 83 (5.53%) Software Developer
13 80 (5.33%) Junior Developer
14 69 (4.60%) PHP Developer
15 63 (4.20%) C# .NET Developer
16 57 (3.80%) DBA
17 49 (3.26%) Administrator
17 49 (3.26%) Graduate
18 48 (3.20%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 345 (22.98%) .NET
2 310 (20.65%) HTML
3 278 (18.52%) CSS
4 187 (12.46%) AngularJS
5 171 (11.39%) Spring
6 154 (10.26%) RESTful
7 153 (10.19%) React
8 152 (10.13%) REST
9 144 (9.59%) ASP.NET
10 134 (8.93%) Web Services
11 127 (8.46%) Node.js
12 121 (8.06%) XML
13 112 (7.46%) HTML5
14 110 (7.33%) .NET Framework
15 104 (6.93%) .NET Core
16 102 (6.80%) jQuery
17 88 (5.86%) Kafka
18 87 (5.80%) SOAP
19 83 (5.53%) JSON
20 75 (5.00%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 193 (12.86%) Analytical Skills
2 119 (7.93%) User Experience
3 112 (7.46%) Data Structures
4 102 (6.80%) Greenfield Project
5 71 (4.73%) Algorithms
6 64 (4.26%) Enterprise Software
7 62 (4.13%) Self-Motivation
8 61 (4.06%) Management Information System
9 47 (3.13%) Mobile App
10 42 (2.80%) Derivative
11 41 (2.73%) Hedge funds
12 38 (2.53%) Virtual Team
13 29 (1.93%) Cloud Native
13 29 (1.93%) Data Centre
14 24 (1.60%) Linux Command Line
15 23 (1.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 23 (1.53%) Public Cloud
15 23 (1.53%) Reference Data
16 22 (1.47%) Fixed Income
17 18 (1.20%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 230 (15.32%) Linux
2 139 (9.26%) Windows
3 96 (6.40%) Unix
4 46 (3.06%) Windows Server
5 24 (1.60%) CentOS
6 15 (1.00%) Solaris
7 13 (0.87%) Android
8 10 (0.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 9 (0.60%) Mac OS
9 9 (0.60%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.53%) Windows 7
11 7 (0.47%) Oracle Linux
12 6 (0.40%) Amazon Linux
12 6 (0.40%) Windows 10
13 5 (0.33%) HPUX
13 5 (0.33%) SUSE
13 5 (0.33%) Windows Server 2016
14 4 (0.27%) Debian
14 4 (0.27%) Windows 8
15 3 (0.20%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 612 (40.77%) Agile Software Development
2 280 (18.65%) Software Engineering
3 246 (16.39%) Computer Science
4 235 (15.66%) OO
5 233 (15.52%) DevOps
6 231 (15.39%) Problem-Solving
7 220 (14.66%) Microservices
8 213 (14.19%) TDD
9 191 (12.72%) Scrum
10 179 (11.93%) Business Intelligence
11 177 (11.79%) MVC
12 168 (11.19%) Test Automation
13 162 (10.79%) Analytics
14 160 (10.66%) SDLC
15 159 (10.59%) Data Modelling
16 130 (8.66%) Mentoring
17 126 (8.39%) ETL
18 119 (7.93%) OOP
19 116 (7.73%) Continuous Integration
19 116 (7.73%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 743 (49.50%) SQL
2 462 (30.78%) Java
3 449 (29.91%) JavaScript
4 390 (25.98%) Python
5 376 (25.05%) C#
6 126 (8.39%) PHP
7 101 (6.73%) C++
8 93 (6.20%) T-SQL
9 79 (5.26%) Scala
10 73 (4.86%) R
11 69 (4.60%) TypeScript
12 68 (4.53%) PL/SQL
13 59 (3.93%) Java 8
14 49 (3.26%) C
15 45 (3.00%) Ruby
16 39 (2.60%) Bash Shell
17 35 (2.33%) Perl
17 35 (2.33%) PowerShell
18 33 (2.20%) Shell Script
19 23 (1.53%) Go
Qualifications
1 316 (21.05%) Degree
2 128 (8.53%) Computer Science Degree
3 55 (3.66%) Security Cleared
4 31 (2.07%) Microsoft Certification
5 23 (1.53%) AWS Certification
6 22 (1.47%) Master's Degree
7 17 (1.13%) SC Cleared
8 13 (0.87%) PhD
9 8 (0.53%) DBS Check
10 7 (0.47%) HND
11 5 (0.33%) MCSD
11 5 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
12 4 (0.27%) MCPD
12 4 (0.27%) MCSE
12 4 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
13 3 (0.20%) DV Cleared
13 3 (0.20%) HNC
13 3 (0.20%) ISEB
13 3 (0.20%) ISTQB
14 2 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 123 (8.19%) QA
2 46 (3.06%) Data Quality
3 27 (1.80%) GDPR
4 25 (1.67%) PMO
5 22 (1.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 15 (1.00%) SLA
7 9 (0.60%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 7 (0.47%) ISO 9001
9 5 (0.33%) DICOM
10 4 (0.27%) COBIT
10 4 (0.27%) COSO
10 4 (0.27%) NIST
11 3 (0.20%) PCI DSS
12 2 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
13 1 (0.067%) ISO 9000
13 1 (0.067%) MiFID
System Software
1 192 (12.79%) Docker
2 23 (1.53%) Active Directory
3 13 (0.87%) HDFS
4 10 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 9 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
6 7 (0.47%) Hyper-V
7 6 (0.40%) Apache Flume
8 5 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
9 4 (0.27%) GPFS
9 4 (0.27%) Lustre
9 4 (0.27%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 4 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.27%) Slurm Workload Manager
10 3 (0.20%) vSphere
11 1 (0.067%) BIND 9
11 1 (0.067%) Ceph
11 1 (0.067%) GeoWebCache
11 1 (0.067%) Gluster
11 1 (0.067%) Virtual Machines
11 1 (0.067%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 100 (6.66%) Kubernetes
2 45 (3.00%) Ansible
3 30 (2.00%) Terraform
4 23 (1.53%) Opscode Chef
5 20 (1.33%) Puppet
6 13 (0.87%) Hadoop YARN
7 10 (0.67%) Rancher
8 9 (0.60%) Prometheus
9 7 (0.47%) Kibana
9 7 (0.47%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 7 (0.47%) ZABBIX
10 6 (0.40%) Data Guard
10 6 (0.40%) Oozie
10 6 (0.40%) Oracle RMAN
11 5 (0.33%) CA Single Sign-On
11 5 (0.33%) Grafana
12 4 (0.27%) Control-M
12 4 (0.27%) NetBackup
12 4 (0.27%) SCOrch
12 4 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 309 (20.59%) Oracle
2 255 (16.99%) Microsoft
3 88 (5.86%) Google
4 77 (5.13%) Tableau
5 40 (2.66%) IBM
6 31 (2.07%) Red Hat
7 26 (1.73%) Sybase
8 25 (1.67%) Salesforce.com
9 24 (1.60%) VMware
9 24 (1.60%) Xamarin
9 24 (1.60%) Zend
10 20 (1.33%) Talend
11 18 (1.20%) Databricks
12 15 (1.00%) HP
12 15 (1.00%) SAP
13 14 (0.93%) Dell
14 12 (0.80%) Adobe
14 12 (0.80%) Cisco
15 11 (0.73%) Atlassian
15 11 (0.73%) TIBCO