Period
to 19 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 19 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
19 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 129 130 121
Rank change year-on-year +1 -9 +9
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 1,572 3,162 4,228
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.48% 2.54% 2.81%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 9.04% 9.39% 9.74%
Number of salaries quoted 1,559 2,513 3,623
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £35,500 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £92,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,412 £45,000
% change year-on-year +4.60% +0.92% -

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 17,390 33,676 43,424
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.48% 27.06% 28.82%
Number of salaries quoted 14,560 27,883 36,054
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +9.38%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.89% - +5.88%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 19 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 1,400 £55,000 - 276
UK excluding London +1 865 £47,500 +4.60% 172
London -2 630 £70,000 - 133
Work from Home +52 309 £60,000 +3.90% 64
South East +22 236 £55,000 +14.58% 33
North of England -26 167 £45,000 -5.26% 36
South West +48 147 £47,500 +11.76% 23
Midlands +22 116 £45,000 - 22
North West +4 94 £45,000 - 19
East of England +10 90 £60,000 +14.29% 26
Scotland -16 75 £49,000 +8.89% 16
West Midlands -8 59 £48,500 +7.78% 14
Yorkshire -51 59 £41,500 -12.63% 11
East Midlands +76 57 £37,500 -16.67% 8
Wales +29 26 £49,000 +16.93% 12
North East +1 14 £49,359 +29.04% 6
Northern Ireland +6 9 £42,500 -12.82% 4
Isle of Man - 2 £47,500 -

For the 6 months to 19 January 2021, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 721 (45.87%) SQL
2 683 (43.45%) Agile Software Development
3 561 (35.69%) JavaScript
4 464 (29.52%) AWS
5 440 (27.99%) Python
6 435 (27.67%) Java
7 409 (26.02%) Finance
8 404 (25.70%) SQL Server
9 368 (23.41%) DevOps
10 355 (22.58%) C#
11 350 (22.26%) MySQL
12 340 (21.63%) Azure
13 333 (21.18%) HTML
14 320 (20.36%) Git (software)
15 313 (19.91%) .NET
16 311 (19.78%) Degree
17 298 (18.96%) Microservices
18 296 (18.83%) RDBMS
19 289 (18.38%) CSS
20 283 (18.00%) Software Engineering
21 278 (17.68%) PostgreSQL
22 265 (16.86%) Docker
23 260 (16.54%) Business Intelligence
24 247 (15.71%) TDD
25 246 (15.65%) Analytics
26 242 (15.39%) Scrum
27 241 (15.33%) Linux
28 237 (15.08%) NoSQL
29 223 (14.19%) Node.js
30 220 (13.99%) Problem-Solving

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (4.45%) Apache Spark
2 46 (2.93%) Elasticsearch
3 36 (2.29%) Apache
4 26 (1.65%) Confluence
5 21 (1.34%) OpenStack
6 18 (1.15%) Apache Airflow
7 15 (0.95%) IIS
8 13 (0.83%) Luigi
9 11 (0.70%) SAS
9 11 (0.70%) WebSphere
9 11 (0.70%) WordPress
10 10 (0.64%) CMS
11 9 (0.57%) Exchange Server 2010
11 9 (0.57%) MS Exchange
11 9 (0.57%) Tomcat
12 7 (0.45%) Drupal
13 6 (0.38%) Oracle Workflow
13 6 (0.38%) SharePoint
13 6 (0.38%) Tornado
14 5 (0.32%) Jupyter
Applications
1 31 (1.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.32%) Photoshop
4 4 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.13%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.13%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.064%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.064%) Weka
Business Applications
1 13 (0.83%) Shopify
2 10 (0.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.64%) SAP S/4HANA
3 9 (0.57%) Magento
3 9 (0.57%) Oracle BPM
4 4 (0.25%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
4 4 (0.25%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 3 (0.19%) Cognos Business Intelligence
5 3 (0.19%) HFM
5 3 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
5 3 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
5 3 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
5 3 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.19%) Oracle General Ledger
5 3 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
5 3 (0.19%) SAP IS-U
6 2 (0.13%) JDE EnterpriseOne
6 2 (0.13%) Odoo
7 1 (0.064%) Dynamics NAV
7 1 (0.064%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 464 (29.52%) AWS
2 340 (21.63%) Azure
3 125 (7.95%) Power Platform
4 99 (6.30%) Serverless
5 92 (5.85%) GCP
6 81 (5.15%) SaaS
7 59 (3.75%) Cloud Computing
8 41 (2.61%) GitHub
9 40 (2.54%) Amazon ECS
10 35 (2.23%) Amazon Kinesis
10 35 (2.23%) AWS Lambda
10 35 (2.23%) PaaS
11 27 (1.72%) Amazon S3
12 26 (1.65%) Amazon EC2
12 26 (1.65%) Amazon SQS
13 25 (1.59%) OpenShift
14 24 (1.53%) IaaS
15 21 (1.34%) Amazon EKS
16 19 (1.21%) Azure Data Factory
17 17 (1.08%) AWS CodeBuild
Communications & Networking
1 41 (2.61%) HTTP
2 25 (1.59%) Firewall
3 19 (1.21%) TCP/IP
4 18 (1.15%) DNS
5 15 (0.95%) Internet
6 13 (0.83%) VPN
7 12 (0.76%) AMQP
7 12 (0.76%) DHCP
8 11 (0.70%) SAN
9 9 (0.57%) Network Security
9 9 (0.57%) Unified Communications
9 9 (0.57%) VoIP
10 8 (0.51%) Kerberos
11 7 (0.45%) LAN
11 7 (0.45%) WAN
12 6 (0.38%) SNMP
13 5 (0.32%) DMZ
13 5 (0.32%) Fibre Channel
13 5 (0.32%) SSH
14 4 (0.25%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 404 (25.70%) SQL Server
2 350 (22.26%) MySQL
3 296 (18.83%) RDBMS
4 278 (17.68%) PostgreSQL
5 237 (15.08%) NoSQL
6 157 (9.99%) Data Warehouse
7 122 (7.76%) Power BI
8 113 (7.19%) MongoDB
9 110 (7.00%) Big Data
10 105 (6.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 88 (5.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 80 (5.09%) Redis
13 70 (4.45%) Tableau
14 65 (4.13%) Hadoop
15 45 (2.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 45 (2.86%) Amazon Redshift
16 42 (2.67%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 41 (2.61%) Data Lake
18 28 (1.78%) Snowflake Schema
19 27 (1.72%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 320 (20.36%) Git (software)
2 98 (6.23%) Jenkins
3 76 (4.83%) JIRA
4 42 (2.67%) Visual Studio
5 38 (2.42%) Selenium
6 37 (2.35%) Maven
7 31 (1.97%) Team Foundation Server
8 27 (1.72%) JUnit
9 22 (1.40%) Gradle
10 21 (1.34%) Subversion
11 18 (1.15%) Flyway
12 17 (1.08%) RSpec
12 17 (1.08%) webpack
13 16 (1.02%) CircleCI
14 13 (0.83%) Bitbucket
14 13 (0.83%) TeamCity
15 12 (0.76%) GitLab
15 12 (0.76%) JMeter
16 11 (0.70%) FitNesse
16 11 (0.70%) Mocha
General
1 409 (26.02%) Finance
2 125 (7.95%) Marketing
3 83 (5.28%) Public Sector
4 72 (4.58%) Banking
5 49 (3.12%) Retail
6 40 (2.54%) Games
7 27 (1.72%) Manufacturing
8 26 (1.65%) Legal
8 26 (1.65%) Telecoms
9 25 (1.59%) Financial Institution
10 24 (1.53%) Front Office
11 14 (0.89%) Electronics
11 14 (0.89%) Law
11 14 (0.89%) Publishing
12 10 (0.64%) Automotive
12 10 (0.64%) Pharmaceutical
13 9 (0.57%) Advertising
13 9 (0.57%) Back Office
14 7 (0.45%) German Language
15 4 (0.25%) French Language
Job Titles
1 893 (56.81%) Developer
2 178 (11.32%) Senior Developer
3 168 (10.69%) Java Developer
4 144 (9.16%) Full Stack Developer
5 120 (7.63%) Software Engineer
6 115 (7.32%) C# Developer
7 112 (7.12%) .NET Developer
8 105 (6.68%) Data Engineer
9 101 (6.42%) Analyst
10 90 (5.73%) Python Developer
11 83 (5.28%) Architect
12 77 (4.90%) Software Developer
13 65 (4.13%) PHP Developer
14 62 (3.94%) C# .NET Developer
14 62 (3.94%) Python Engineer
15 61 (3.88%) JavaScript Developer
16 52 (3.31%) DBA
17 46 (2.93%) React Developer
18 45 (2.86%) Business Intelligence Developer
19 44 (2.80%) Backend Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 333 (21.18%) HTML
2 313 (19.91%) .NET
3 289 (18.38%) CSS
4 223 (14.19%) Node.js
5 214 (13.61%) RESTful
6 203 (12.91%) AngularJS
7 194 (12.34%) Web Services
8 179 (11.39%) React
9 173 (11.01%) Spring
10 164 (10.43%) REST
11 122 (7.76%) ASP.NET
12 117 (7.44%) Vue.js
13 116 (7.38%) JSON
14 104 (6.62%) .NET Core
15 103 (6.55%) .NET Framework
16 101 (6.42%) Spring Boot
17 90 (5.73%) HTML5
17 90 (5.73%) Kafka
18 74 (4.71%) Django
19 72 (4.58%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 209 (13.30%) Analytical Skills
2 109 (6.93%) User Experience
3 107 (6.81%) Greenfield Project
4 75 (4.77%) Mobile App
5 65 (4.13%) Data Structures
6 56 (3.56%) Virtual Team
7 52 (3.31%) Self-Motivation
8 47 (2.99%) Enterprise Software
9 41 (2.61%) Cloud Native
10 33 (2.10%) Algorithms
11 29 (1.84%) N-Tier
12 27 (1.72%) Management Information System
13 25 (1.59%) Hedge funds
14 23 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
15 21 (1.34%) Driving Licence
16 20 (1.27%) Fixed Income
16 20 (1.27%) Private Cloud
17 19 (1.21%) NHS
17 19 (1.21%) Reference Data
18 18 (1.15%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 241 (15.33%) Linux
2 101 (6.42%) Windows
3 53 (3.37%) Unix
4 26 (1.65%) Windows Server
5 19 (1.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (0.83%) CentOS
7 9 (0.57%) Windows Server 2016
8 7 (0.45%) Amazon Linux
8 7 (0.45%) Android
8 7 (0.45%) Apple iOS
9 6 (0.38%) Ubuntu
9 6 (0.38%) VMS
9 6 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (0.32%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.32%) Oracle Linux
11 4 (0.25%) Windows 7
12 1 (0.064%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 683 (43.45%) Agile Software Development
2 368 (23.41%) DevOps
3 298 (18.96%) Microservices
4 283 (18.00%) Software Engineering
5 260 (16.54%) Business Intelligence
6 247 (15.71%) TDD
7 246 (15.65%) Analytics
8 242 (15.39%) Scrum
9 220 (13.99%) Problem-Solving
10 218 (13.87%) OO
11 184 (11.70%) ETL
11 184 (11.70%) Test Automation
12 182 (11.58%) Computer Science
13 179 (11.39%) Data Modelling
14 154 (9.80%) Mentoring
15 138 (8.78%) Continuous Integration
16 127 (8.08%) SDLC
17 126 (8.02%) Web Development
18 124 (7.89%) Unit Testing
19 122 (7.76%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 721 (45.87%) SQL
2 561 (35.69%) JavaScript
3 440 (27.99%) Python
4 435 (27.67%) Java
5 355 (22.58%) C#
6 135 (8.59%) PHP
7 113 (7.19%) T-SQL
8 99 (6.30%) C++
9 91 (5.79%) TypeScript
10 85 (5.41%) Scala
11 69 (4.39%) Java 8
12 59 (3.75%) R
13 53 (3.37%) Go
14 39 (2.48%) Ruby
14 39 (2.48%) Shell Script
15 30 (1.91%) PowerShell
16 24 (1.53%) Bash Shell
16 24 (1.53%) Kotlin
17 23 (1.46%) Perl
18 18 (1.15%) VB
Qualifications
1 311 (19.78%) Degree
2 97 (6.17%) Computer Science Degree
3 91 (5.79%) Security Cleared
4 39 (2.48%) SC Cleared
5 27 (1.72%) Numerate Degree
6 14 (0.89%) Microsoft Certification
7 10 (0.64%) HND
8 9 (0.57%) CCNA
8 9 (0.57%) Cisco Certification
8 9 (0.57%) MCP
8 9 (0.57%) Microsoft Certified Architect
8 9 (0.57%) SSCP
9 8 (0.51%) CTC Cleared
10 7 (0.45%) Master's Degree
10 7 (0.45%) PhD
11 6 (0.38%) HNC
11 6 (0.38%) ISTQB
12 5 (0.32%) DV Cleared
12 5 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 4 (0.25%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 141 (8.97%) QA
2 49 (3.12%) Data Quality
3 37 (2.35%) GDPR
4 5 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.25%) IFRS
5 4 (0.25%) ISO 9001
6 3 (0.19%) CDISC
6 3 (0.19%) Good Clinical Practice
7 2 (0.13%) NCSC
7 2 (0.13%) NIST
7 2 (0.13%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.13%) SLA
8 1 (0.064%) MiFID
System Software
1 265 (16.86%) Docker
2 20 (1.27%) Hyper-V
3 18 (1.15%) Active Directory
4 13 (0.83%) HDFS
5 9 (0.57%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 4 (0.25%) Apache Flume
7 4 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.064%) Lustre
8 1 (0.064%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 184 (11.70%) Kubernetes
2 85 (5.41%) Ansible
3 74 (4.71%) Terraform
4 26 (1.65%) Puppet
5 16 (1.02%) Opscode Chef
6 12 (0.76%) Hadoop YARN
7 6 (0.38%) Nagios
7 6 (0.38%) Oozie
7 6 (0.38%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 5 (0.32%) Prometheus
9 4 (0.25%) Consul
9 4 (0.25%) NetBackup
9 4 (0.25%) Oracle RMAN
9 4 (0.25%) Packer
9 4 (0.25%) Proxmox
9 4 (0.25%) SCOrch
9 4 (0.25%) systemd
9 4 (0.25%) Zipkin
10 3 (0.19%) ITRS Geneos
10 3 (0.19%) Salt
Vendors
1 203 (12.91%) Microsoft
2 181 (11.51%) Oracle
3 78 (4.96%) Google
4 64 (4.07%) Salesforce.com
5 45 (2.86%) Red Hat
6 33 (2.10%) SAP
7 21 (1.34%) Splunk
7 21 (1.34%) Sybase
8 20 (1.27%) Cognos
9 18 (1.15%) Databricks
9 18 (1.15%) VMware
10 17 (1.08%) Talend
10 17 (1.08%) Zend
11 16 (1.02%) IBM
12 13 (0.83%) WSO2
13 11 (0.70%) Ceridian
13 11 (0.70%) Cisco
13 11 (0.70%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
14 10 (0.64%) Informatica
14 10 (0.64%) Pega