Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Relational Database skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Relational Database over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Relational Database
UK
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 91 120 143
Rank change year-on-year +29 +23 -9
Permanent jobs citing Relational Database 6,476 3,046 1,895
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 3.61% 2.85% 2.40%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 12.98% 10.30% 8.84%
Number of salaries quoted 2,226 1,707 1,436
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,250 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £45,000 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £59,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year -1.67% +4.35% +9.52%
75th Percentile £78,750 £80,000 £75,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £100,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Relational Database is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 49,874 29,569 21,435
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 27.77% 27.67% 27.16%
Number of salaries quoted 21,275 20,456 17,599
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,000 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +8.91%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £48,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +9.38% +1.05% +5.56%

Relational Database
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Relational Database as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Relational Database.

Salary trend for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Relational Database over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Relational Database in the UK

Relational Database
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Relational Database within the UK over the 6 months to 1 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +24 5,147 £59,000 -1.67% 286
London +3 3,330 £72,500 - 143
Work from Home +39 2,772 £57,500 +4.55% 117
UK excluding London +15 1,976 £52,500 +5.00% 166
South East +3 714 £55,000 - 29
North of England -6 379 £52,500 +5.00% 47
South West +27 255 £50,238 +5.76% 26
North West +26 238 £52,500 - 25
Midlands +5 231 £50,000 +11.11% 25
Scotland -13 200 £47,500 -6.17% 19
East of England -25 167 £45,000 -18.18% 15
West Midlands -42 127 £50,000 +8.33% 15
Yorkshire -59 109 £50,000 +5.26% 18
East Midlands +26 102 £47,500 +14.46% 10
North East -4 32 £43,500 +16.00% 4
Wales -14 31 £47,500 +5.56% 2
Northern Ireland -23 14 £48,750 -13.33% 3

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT jobs citing Relational Database also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Relational Database.

1 3,517 (54.31%) Agile
2 2,940 (45.40%) SQL
3 2,741 (42.33%) AWS
4 2,080 (32.12%) Java
5 1,978 (30.54%) Finance
6 1,965 (30.34%) Python
7 1,951 (30.13%) JavaScript
8 1,914 (29.56%) Software Engineering
9 1,838 (28.38%) Microservices
10 1,769 (27.32%) Azure
10 1,769 (27.32%) Social Skills
11 1,674 (25.85%) PostgreSQL
12 1,660 (25.63%) DevOps
13 1,649 (25.46%) CI/CD
14 1,562 (24.12%) Docker
15 1,549 (23.92%) RDBMS
16 1,548 (23.90%) Kubernetes
17 1,511 (23.33%) Git (software)
18 1,465 (22.62%) MySQL
19 1,414 (21.83%) SQL Server
20 1,363 (21.05%) React
21 1,341 (20.71%) Degree
22 1,335 (20.61%) GCP
23 1,253 (19.35%) C#
24 1,243 (19.19%) NoSQL
25 1,186 (18.31%) Scrum
26 1,161 (17.93%) Problem-Solving
27 1,144 (17.67%) RESTful
28 1,138 (17.57%) Full Stack Development
29 1,100 (16.99%) Spring

Relational Database
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 298 (4.60%) Apache
2 254 (3.92%) Apache Spark
3 136 (2.10%) Confluence
4 130 (2.01%) Apache Airflow
5 92 (1.42%) CMS
6 79 (1.22%) WordPress
7 69 (1.07%) Tornado
8 55 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
9 52 (0.80%) Jupyter
10 45 (0.69%) nginx
10 45 (0.69%) Oracle Workflow
11 42 (0.65%) Apache Solr
11 42 (0.65%) Tomcat
12 39 (0.60%) Apache Pulsar
13 34 (0.53%) Luigi
14 33 (0.51%) SharePoint
15 31 (0.48%) WebSphere
16 28 (0.43%) Ethereum
17 27 (0.42%) JBoss
18 24 (0.37%) WebLogic
Applications
1 265 (4.09%) Microsoft Excel
2 99 (1.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 80 (1.24%) Microsoft Office
4 46 (0.71%) MS Visio
5 22 (0.34%) InVision
5 22 (0.34%) OmniGraffle
5 22 (0.34%) Sketch
6 21 (0.32%) Photoshop
6 21 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.077%) Microsoft Project
7 5 (0.077%) SPSS
8 2 (0.031%) FileZilla
9 1 (0.015%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.015%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 65 (1.00%) Oracle Clinical
2 51 (0.79%) Magento
3 37 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
3 37 (0.57%) Shopify
4 36 (0.56%) Temenos T24
5 27 (0.42%) Distributed Ledger
6 16 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
6 16 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 12 (0.19%) JDE OneWorld
8 10 (0.15%) Summit
9 9 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
10 8 (0.12%) Adobe Campaign
10 8 (0.12%) Avolution ABACUS
10 8 (0.12%) Exstream
11 7 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
12 6 (0.093%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
13 4 (0.062%) Acoustic Campaign
13 4 (0.062%) NetSuite
13 4 (0.062%) SAP MDM
14 3 (0.046%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 2,741 (42.33%) AWS
2 1,769 (27.32%) Azure
3 1,335 (20.61%) GCP
4 909 (14.04%) Serverless
5 754 (11.64%) GitHub
6 484 (7.47%) SaaS
7 378 (5.84%) Power Platform
8 324 (5.00%) PaaS
9 298 (4.60%) AWS Lambda
10 289 (4.46%) Azure DevOps
11 261 (4.03%) Amazon S3
12 211 (3.26%) Cloud Computing
13 199 (3.07%) Amazon SQS
14 192 (2.96%) Amazon Kinesis
14 192 (2.96%) Google Kubernetes Engine
15 189 (2.92%) AWS CloudFormation
16 181 (2.79%) Amazon EC2
16 181 (2.79%) Snowflake
17 171 (2.64%) Cloud Functions
18 168 (2.59%) Google Compute Engine
Communications & Networking
1 183 (2.83%) HTTP
2 117 (1.81%) Internet
3 57 (0.88%) Firewall
4 54 (0.83%) DNS
5 41 (0.63%) Broadband
6 30 (0.46%) NFC
7 29 (0.45%) MQTT
8 27 (0.42%) WAN
9 25 (0.39%) 5G
10 24 (0.37%) LAN
11 19 (0.29%) Network Security
11 19 (0.29%) SAN
12 18 (0.28%) PPP
12 18 (0.28%) SSH
13 17 (0.26%) Intranet
14 16 (0.25%) 4G
15 14 (0.22%) SSL
16 13 (0.20%) FTP
17 11 (0.17%) TCP/IP
17 11 (0.17%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,674 (25.85%) PostgreSQL
2 1,549 (23.92%) RDBMS
3 1,465 (22.62%) MySQL
4 1,414 (21.83%) SQL Server
5 1,243 (19.19%) NoSQL
6 597 (9.22%) Data Warehouse
7 586 (9.05%) MongoDB
8 550 (8.49%) Redis
9 548 (8.46%) Big Data
10 401 (6.19%) Elasticsearch
11 352 (5.44%) Power BI
12 326 (5.03%) DynamoDB
13 293 (4.52%) Data Lake
14 286 (4.42%) BigQuery
15 229 (3.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 224 (3.46%) Tableau
17 215 (3.32%) Hadoop
18 186 (2.87%) Amazon Redshift
19 182 (2.81%) Apache Cassandra
20 180 (2.78%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1,511 (23.33%) Git (software)
2 767 (11.84%) Jenkins
3 397 (6.13%) JIRA
4 336 (5.19%) JUnit
5 330 (5.10%) Maven
6 310 (4.79%) Gradle
7 299 (4.62%) GitLab
8 223 (3.44%) Cypress.io
9 196 (3.03%) Mockito
10 177 (2.73%) webpack
11 167 (2.58%) Selenium
12 152 (2.35%) Bitbucket
13 142 (2.19%) CircleCI
14 112 (1.73%) Artifactory
14 112 (1.73%) TeamCity
15 105 (1.62%) Visual Studio
16 103 (1.59%) Octopus Deploy
17 94 (1.45%) Postman
18 93 (1.44%) Team Foundation Server
19 83 (1.28%) SonarQube
General
1 1,978 (30.54%) Finance
2 1,769 (27.32%) Social Skills
3 859 (13.26%) Analytical Skills
4 497 (7.67%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 465 (7.18%) Banking
6 448 (6.92%) Retail
7 405 (6.25%) Manufacturing
8 396 (6.11%) Games
9 285 (4.40%) Law
10 202 (3.12%) Advertising
11 199 (3.07%) Marketing
12 190 (2.93%) Public Sector
13 181 (2.79%) Presentation Skills
14 165 (2.55%) Automotive
15 159 (2.46%) Publishing
16 141 (2.18%) Legal
17 117 (1.81%) Influencing Skills
18 94 (1.45%) Organisational Skills
19 80 (1.24%) Back Office
20 71 (1.10%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 2,313 (35.72%) Developer
2 999 (15.43%) Software Engineer
3 527 (8.14%) Senior Developer
4 482 (7.44%) Senior Software Engineer
5 422 (6.52%) Java Engineer
6 419 (6.47%) Data Engineer
7 391 (6.04%) Java Developer
8 390 (6.02%) Analyst
9 374 (5.78%) Software Developer
10 358 (5.53%) Full Stack Developer
11 258 (3.98%) Backend Developer
12 248 (3.83%) Architect
13 230 (3.55%) Cloud Engineer
14 228 (3.52%) Principal Engineer
15 223 (3.44%) .NET Developer
16 182 (2.81%) Lead Developer
17 171 (2.64%) GCP Engineer
18 170 (2.63%) C# Developer
19 167 (2.58%) DevOps Engineer
20 165 (2.55%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,363 (21.05%) React
2 1,144 (17.67%) RESTful
3 1,100 (16.99%) Spring
4 1,096 (16.92%) Node.js
5 1,066 (16.46%) .NET
6 1,054 (16.28%) REST
7 944 (14.58%) HTML
8 936 (14.45%) CSS
9 744 (11.49%) AngularJS
10 699 (10.79%) Kafka
11 645 (9.96%) Web Services
12 586 (9.05%) Spring Boot
13 530 (8.18%) Vue.js
14 515 (7.95%) RabbitMQ
15 472 (7.29%) .NET Core
16 469 (7.24%) Hibernate
17 465 (7.18%) JSON
18 440 (6.79%) ASP.NET
19 408 (6.30%) GraphQL
20 403 (6.22%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 547 (8.45%) User Experience
2 418 (6.45%) Mobile App
3 411 (6.35%) Algorithms
4 351 (5.42%) Data Structures
4 351 (5.42%) Life Science
5 290 (4.48%) Self-Motivation
6 219 (3.38%) Virtual Team
7 210 (3.24%) Blog
8 198 (3.06%) Enterprise Software
9 195 (3.01%) Legacy Applications
10 189 (2.92%) Cloud Native
11 176 (2.72%) Greenfield Project
12 168 (2.59%) Legacy Systems
13 135 (2.08%) Management Information System
14 102 (1.58%) Sports Betting
15 97 (1.50%) Public Cloud
16 95 (1.47%) Blockchain
17 91 (1.41%) Social Media
18 80 (1.24%) Low-Code
19 79 (1.22%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 812 (12.54%) Linux
2 452 (6.98%) Windows
3 398 (6.15%) Unix
4 156 (2.41%) Android
5 149 (2.30%) Apple iOS
6 90 (1.39%) Windows Server
7 72 (1.11%) Ubuntu
8 52 (0.80%) VMS
9 49 (0.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 30 (0.46%) CentOS
11 10 (0.15%) Debian
12 9 (0.14%) Alpine Linux
12 9 (0.14%) Mac OS
13 6 (0.093%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 6 (0.093%) Windows Server 2012
14 5 (0.077%) MVS
14 5 (0.077%) zOS
15 4 (0.062%) Amazon Linux
16 3 (0.046%) Windows 10
16 3 (0.046%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,517 (54.31%) Agile
2 1,914 (29.56%) Software Engineering
3 1,838 (28.38%) Microservices
4 1,660 (25.63%) DevOps
5 1,649 (25.46%) CI/CD
6 1,186 (18.31%) Scrum
7 1,161 (17.93%) Problem-Solving
8 1,138 (17.57%) Full Stack Development
9 1,087 (16.79%) Mentoring
10 1,072 (16.55%) Computer Science
11 1,061 (16.38%) Test Automation
12 1,052 (16.24%) OO
13 975 (15.06%) TDD
14 891 (13.76%) Continuous Integration
15 836 (12.91%) Analytics
16 828 (12.79%) SDLC
17 697 (10.76%) Open Source
18 677 (10.45%) Coaching
19 647 (9.99%) Business Intelligence
20 624 (9.64%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 2,940 (45.40%) SQL
2 2,080 (32.12%) Java
3 1,965 (30.34%) Python
4 1,951 (30.13%) JavaScript
5 1,253 (19.35%) C#
6 883 (13.63%) TypeScript
7 418 (6.45%) PHP
8 379 (5.85%) Go
9 313 (4.83%) Scala
10 274 (4.23%) Ruby
10 274 (4.23%) T-SQL
11 237 (3.66%) C++
12 229 (3.54%) Kotlin
13 219 (3.38%) R
14 206 (3.18%) Bash
15 204 (3.15%) PowerShell
16 203 (3.13%) C
17 182 (2.81%) Shell Script
18 168 (2.59%) ES6
19 143 (2.21%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,341 (20.71%) Degree
2 523 (8.08%) Computer Science Degree
3 175 (2.70%) Master's Degree
4 144 (2.22%) Microsoft Certification
5 128 (1.98%) Security Cleared
6 83 (1.28%) SC Cleared
7 71 (1.10%) Oracle Certification
8 68 (1.05%) OCP
9 46 (0.71%) PMI Certification
10 40 (0.62%) AWS Certification
11 33 (0.51%) ISTQB
12 14 (0.22%) CISSP
12 14 (0.22%) CSSLP
12 14 (0.22%) PhD
13 12 (0.19%) MCP
14 11 (0.17%) MCSE
14 11 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
15 9 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
15 9 (0.14%) ISEB
16 6 (0.093%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 577 (8.91%) QA
2 179 (2.76%) Data Quality
3 129 (1.99%) Accessibility
4 93 (1.44%) GDPR
5 65 (1.00%) Good Clinical Practice
6 44 (0.68%) SLA
7 34 (0.53%) SOC 2
8 29 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 22 (0.34%) EMIR
9 22 (0.34%) FATCA
9 22 (0.34%) HIPAA
9 22 (0.34%) MiFID
9 22 (0.34%) PCI DSS
10 20 (0.31%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 20 (0.31%) CDISC
11 17 (0.26%) IFRS
11 17 (0.26%) IFRS 17
12 12 (0.19%) Actionable Recommendations
13 9 (0.14%) ISO 9001
13 9 (0.14%) NIST
System Software
1 1,562 (24.12%) Docker
2 34 (0.53%) Active Directory
3 28 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (0.40%) HDFS
5 21 (0.32%) zsh
6 20 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
7 19 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 10 (0.15%) Firmware
9 8 (0.12%) Hyper-V
10 6 (0.093%) BitLocker
11 5 (0.077%) Slurm Workload Manager
12 4 (0.062%) Oracle RAC
12 4 (0.062%) vSphere
13 3 (0.046%) Apache Flume
13 3 (0.046%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 2 (0.031%) vCloud
14 2 (0.031%) Virtual Servers
15 1 (0.015%) LXC
15 1 (0.015%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 1 (0.015%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1,548 (23.90%) Kubernetes
2 716 (11.06%) Terraform
3 308 (4.76%) Ansible
4 176 (2.72%) Opscode Chef
5 159 (2.46%) Puppet
6 96 (1.48%) Docker Swarm
7 67 (1.03%) Grafana
8 40 (0.62%) Prometheus
9 39 (0.60%) Kibana
10 33 (0.51%) Argo
10 33 (0.51%) logstash
11 31 (0.48%) ZABBIX
12 29 (0.45%) Opsgenie
13 28 (0.43%) HAProxy
13 28 (0.43%) MIIS
13 28 (0.43%) Pingdom
14 26 (0.40%) Istio
14 26 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
15 25 (0.39%) Oozie
16 24 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 1,056 (16.31%) Microsoft
2 927 (14.31%) Google
3 905 (13.97%) Oracle
4 206 (3.18%) Salesforce.com
5 144 (2.22%) Databricks
6 96 (1.48%) New Relic
7 93 (1.44%) IBM
8 92 (1.42%) Xamarin
9 88 (1.36%) Teradata
10 86 (1.33%) Sybase
11 79 (1.22%) WooCommerce
12 78 (1.20%) Apple
13 77 (1.19%) Red Hat
14 63 (0.97%) SAP
15 52 (0.80%) Northgate
16 51 (0.79%) NEC
17 50 (0.77%) Sun
18 49 (0.76%) Splunk
19 48 (0.74%) Cisco
20 47 (0.73%) Zend