Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 51 63 57
Rank change year-on-year +12 -6 -5
Permanent jobs citing QA 6,850 2,183 6,529
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.39% 4.40% 4.76%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 35.11% 35.23% 34.68%
Number of salaries quoted 4,409 1,803 5,069
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,000 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £53,375 £51,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.04% +3.64% +3.00%
75th Percentile £72,500 £67,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £82,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 19,511 6,197 18,827
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.35% 12.49% 13.74%
Number of salaries quoted 11,944 4,873 14,263
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £28,500
25th Percentile £40,500 £41,250 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £54,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +1.85% +8.00% -
75th Percentile £71,250 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,000 £49,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year -4.08% +8.89% -

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing QA.

Salary trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Salary histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +16 5,973 £55,000 - 983
London +17 3,232 £65,000 +4.00% 370
UK excluding London +4 3,028 £47,500 -5.00% 678
Work from Home +13 1,400 £55,000 +4.76% 211
South East -3 973 £50,000 - 165
North of England -7 649 £45,000 -5.26% 203
Midlands +34 534 £45,000 +12.50% 113
North West -24 323 £47,500 -9.52% 106
West Midlands +32 319 £47,500 +22.58% 68
South West -18 291 £47,500 +35.71% 60
Yorkshire -3 251 £47,500 +5.56% 54
Scotland -3 225 £47,500 -5.00% 45
East Midlands +22 215 £42,500 +9.68% 45
East of England +8 183 £47,500 -5.00% 69
Northern Ireland +28 124 £57,500 +43.75% 10
North East +18 77 £42,500 -5.56% 43
Wales -25 47 £45,000 +12.50% 15
Isle of Man - 9 - -

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for QA.

1 3,652 (53.31%) Agile Software Development
2 2,737 (39.96%) Test Automation
3 1,734 (25.31%) Java
4 1,679 (24.51%) JavaScript
5 1,605 (23.43%) Social Skills
6 1,487 (21.71%) SQL
7 1,464 (21.37%) C#
8 1,445 (21.09%) Finance
9 1,437 (20.98%) AWS
10 1,412 (20.61%) Azure
11 1,377 (20.10%) DevOps
12 1,345 (19.64%) Selenium
13 1,334 (19.47%) Software Engineering
14 1,180 (17.23%) Python
15 1,152 (16.82%) Scrum
16 1,039 (15.17%) .NET
17 1,004 (14.66%) Microservices
18 984 (14.36%) Git (software)
19 950 (13.87%) Problem-Solving
20 939 (13.71%) Software Testing
21 921 (13.45%) Degree
22 885 (12.92%) Docker
23 873 (12.74%) TDD
24 863 (12.60%) BDD
25 858 (12.53%) React
26 778 (11.36%) JIRA
27 738 (10.77%) HTML
28 737 (10.76%) SQL Server
29 722 (10.54%) Jenkins
30 719 (10.50%) Microsoft

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 233 (3.40%) Confluence
2 137 (2.00%) CMS
3 110 (1.61%) Elasticsearch
4 96 (1.40%) SharePoint
5 80 (1.17%) Apache Spark
6 44 (0.64%) SAS
7 43 (0.63%) Apache
8 35 (0.51%) WordPress
9 34 (0.50%) Drupal
10 33 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
11 25 (0.36%) IIS
12 24 (0.35%) Jupyter
13 20 (0.29%) Documentum
14 19 (0.28%) Apache Solr
15 15 (0.22%) MS Exchange
16 13 (0.19%) Camunda
16 13 (0.19%) Umbraco
17 12 (0.18%) Traefik
18 11 (0.16%) Mule
19 10 (0.15%) Tomcat
Applications
1 197 (2.88%) Microsoft Office
2 149 (2.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 66 (0.96%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 61 (0.89%) MS Visio
5 44 (0.64%) Spreadsheet
6 27 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
7 26 (0.38%) Figma
8 24 (0.35%) Campfire
9 22 (0.32%) Sketch
10 18 (0.26%) Chatbot
11 16 (0.23%) InVision
12 14 (0.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 10 (0.15%) AutoCAD
14 7 (0.10%) Photoshop
14 7 (0.10%) Revit
15 5 (0.073%) Windchill
16 4 (0.058%) Zeplin
17 3 (0.044%) Mingle
18 2 (0.029%) Adobe XD
19 1 (0.015%) Acrobat
Business Applications
1 36 (0.53%) Magento
2 32 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
3 28 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
4 25 (0.36%) Shopify
5 22 (0.32%) Oracle ERP
6 20 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
7 18 (0.26%) R3 Corda
8 16 (0.23%) TrackWise
9 15 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
10 13 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
10 13 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
11 12 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
11 12 (0.18%) NetSuite
12 11 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
13 10 (0.15%) Maximo
13 10 (0.15%) SAP MM
13 10 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
14 9 (0.13%) Infor M3
14 9 (0.13%) Social Studio
15 7 (0.10%) Academy Revenues and Benefits
Cloud Services
1 1,437 (20.98%) AWS
2 1,412 (20.61%) Azure
3 523 (7.64%) SaaS
4 472 (6.89%) Serverless
5 465 (6.79%) GCP
6 266 (3.88%) AWS Lambda
7 244 (3.56%) GitHub
8 205 (2.99%) Amazon ECS
9 174 (2.54%) Amazon EC2
10 172 (2.51%) Power Platform
11 104 (1.52%) Amazon SQS
12 95 (1.39%) PaaS
13 94 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
14 77 (1.12%) Slack
15 74 (1.08%) Amazon S3
16 70 (1.02%) AWS CloudFormation
17 63 (0.92%) Microsoft 365
18 59 (0.86%) BrowserStack
19 56 (0.82%) Azure Cosmos DB
19 56 (0.82%) BlazeMeter
Communications & Networking
1 220 (3.21%) HTTP
2 75 (1.09%) Broadband
3 68 (0.99%) Internet
4 47 (0.69%) Firewall
5 40 (0.58%) TCP/IP
6 39 (0.57%) SSL
7 34 (0.50%) Network Security
8 27 (0.39%) MQTT
9 25 (0.36%) DNS
9 25 (0.36%) VPN
10 23 (0.34%) Skype
11 19 (0.28%) Bluetooth
12 14 (0.20%) 4G
12 14 (0.20%) Extranet
13 13 (0.19%) SSH
14 11 (0.16%) 5G
15 10 (0.15%) 2G
15 10 (0.15%) 3G
15 10 (0.15%) DHCP
15 10 (0.15%) PuTTY
Database & Business Intelligence
1 737 (10.76%) SQL Server
2 437 (6.38%) NoSQL
3 355 (5.18%) Relational Database
4 354 (5.17%) PostgreSQL
5 203 (2.96%) MongoDB
6 196 (2.86%) MySQL
7 190 (2.77%) Big Data
8 168 (2.45%) Data Warehouse
9 159 (2.32%) Amazon Aurora
10 153 (2.23%) Amazon Athena
10 153 (2.23%) Power BI
11 143 (2.09%) Redis
12 114 (1.66%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 108 (1.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 101 (1.47%) RDBMS
15 77 (1.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 70 (1.02%) Blockchain
17 63 (0.92%) Tableau
18 62 (0.91%) Amazon RDS
19 53 (0.77%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,345 (19.64%) Selenium
2 984 (14.36%) Git (software)
3 778 (11.36%) JIRA
4 722 (10.54%) Jenkins
5 657 (9.59%) Postman
6 551 (8.04%) Cucumber
7 421 (6.15%) Cypress.io
8 361 (5.27%) JMeter
9 336 (4.91%) SpecFlow
10 312 (4.55%) WebDriver
11 238 (3.47%) REST Assured
12 192 (2.80%) TeamCity
13 169 (2.47%) JUnit
14 164 (2.39%) Team Foundation Server
15 162 (2.36%) Newman
16 158 (2.31%) GitLab
17 157 (2.29%) Octopus Deploy
18 143 (2.09%) Appium
19 130 (1.90%) NUnit
20 125 (1.82%) Gradle
General
1 1,605 (23.43%) Social Skills
2 1,445 (21.09%) Finance
3 642 (9.37%) Analytical Skills
4 389 (5.68%) Marketing
5 371 (5.42%) Banking
6 369 (5.39%) Retail
7 202 (2.95%) Organisational Skills
8 200 (2.92%) Games
9 192 (2.80%) Law
10 184 (2.69%) Manufacturing
11 176 (2.57%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 170 (2.48%) Legal
13 166 (2.42%) Pharmaceutical
14 157 (2.29%) Telecoms
15 124 (1.81%) Public Sector
16 122 (1.78%) Presentation Skills
17 114 (1.66%) Influencing Skills
18 82 (1.20%) Publishing
19 81 (1.18%) Advertising
20 64 (0.93%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,401 (20.45%) Developer
2 868 (12.67%) Analyst
3 804 (11.74%) QA Engineer
4 603 (8.80%) Software Engineer
5 406 (5.93%) Tester
6 351 (5.12%) Test Analyst
7 333 (4.86%) Test Engineer
8 277 (4.04%) Senior Developer
9 269 (3.93%) Automation Engineer
10 254 (3.71%) Java Developer
11 249 (3.64%) QA Automation Engineer
12 230 (3.36%) .NET Developer
13 208 (3.04%) Senior QA Engineer
14 206 (3.01%) QA Leader
15 204 (2.98%) Software Developer
16 198 (2.89%) Full Stack Developer
17 195 (2.85%) Automation Test Analyst
18 187 (2.73%) QA Analyst
19 170 (2.48%) Architect
20 166 (2.42%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,039 (15.17%) .NET
2 858 (12.53%) React
3 738 (10.77%) HTML
4 691 (10.09%) REST
5 676 (9.87%) RESTful
6 614 (8.96%) CSS
7 597 (8.72%) Web Services
8 567 (8.28%) AngularJS
9 564 (8.23%) Node.js
10 304 (4.44%) .NET Core
11 296 (4.32%) Spring
12 271 (3.96%) XML
13 257 (3.75%) ASP.NET
14 256 (3.74%) Kafka
15 240 (3.50%) HTML5
16 228 (3.33%) .NET Framework
17 218 (3.18%) Gherkin
18 213 (3.11%) JSON
19 200 (2.92%) Vue.js
20 183 (2.67%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 624 (9.11%) User Experience
2 384 (5.61%) Mobile App
3 297 (4.34%) Self-Motivation
4 265 (3.87%) Management Information System
5 211 (3.08%) Hedge funds
6 182 (2.66%) Enterprise Software
7 128 (1.87%) Greenfield Project
8 124 (1.81%) Pricing Data
9 123 (1.80%) Life Science
10 119 (1.74%) Algorithms
10 119 (1.74%) Derivative
11 113 (1.65%) Virtual Team
12 88 (1.28%) Cloud Native
13 74 (1.08%) Data Structures
14 71 (1.04%) Client/Server
14 71 (1.04%) Social Media
15 68 (0.99%) Fixed Income
16 66 (0.96%) Data Protection Act
17 54 (0.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 48 (0.70%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 408 (5.96%) Linux
2 336 (4.91%) Windows
3 279 (4.07%) Android
4 228 (3.33%) Apple iOS
5 157 (2.29%) Unix
6 60 (0.88%) Windows Server
7 31 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 25 (0.36%) Mac OS
9 23 (0.34%) Windows 10
10 11 (0.16%) Ubuntu
11 10 (0.15%) Solaris
12 9 (0.13%) CentOS
13 8 (0.12%) VMS
14 7 (0.10%) Kali Linux
15 4 (0.058%) Embedded Linux
16 3 (0.044%) AIX
16 3 (0.044%) HPUX
17 2 (0.029%) Fedora
17 2 (0.029%) Windows Server 2012
17 2 (0.029%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,652 (53.31%) Agile Software Development
2 2,737 (39.96%) Test Automation
3 1,377 (20.10%) DevOps
4 1,334 (19.47%) Software Engineering
5 1,152 (16.82%) Scrum
6 1,004 (14.66%) Microservices
7 950 (13.87%) Problem-Solving
8 939 (13.71%) Software Testing
9 873 (12.74%) TDD
10 863 (12.60%) BDD
11 711 (10.38%) Continuous Integration
12 667 (9.74%) SDLC
13 641 (9.36%) Mentoring
14 634 (9.26%) Computer Science
15 617 (9.01%) API Testing
16 595 (8.69%) Analytics
17 581 (8.48%) Continuous Improvement
18 578 (8.44%) Test Strategy
19 566 (8.26%) Full Stack Development
20 543 (7.93%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 1,734 (25.31%) Java
2 1,679 (24.51%) JavaScript
3 1,487 (21.71%) SQL
4 1,464 (21.37%) C#
5 1,180 (17.23%) Python
6 587 (8.57%) TypeScript
7 233 (3.40%) PHP
8 218 (3.18%) C++
9 180 (2.63%) C
10 176 (2.57%) Bash Shell
11 154 (2.25%) Ruby
12 127 (1.85%) Kotlin
13 126 (1.84%) PowerShell
14 114 (1.66%) ES6
15 111 (1.62%) Scala
16 106 (1.55%) T-SQL
17 104 (1.52%) Go
18 97 (1.42%) Java 8
19 55 (0.80%) Java 11
20 51 (0.74%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 921 (13.45%) Degree
2 339 (4.95%) ISTQB
3 297 (4.34%) Computer Science Degree
4 275 (4.01%) Security Cleared
5 225 (3.28%) SC Cleared
6 151 (2.20%) ISEB
7 138 (2.01%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 108 (1.58%) Master's Degree
9 60 (0.88%) HNC
10 59 (0.86%) HND
11 35 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
12 33 (0.48%) PhD
13 28 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
14 24 (0.35%) ITIL Certification
14 24 (0.35%) SANS
15 20 (0.29%) APMG
15 20 (0.29%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 16 (0.23%) CBAP
16 16 (0.23%) MBA
16 16 (0.23%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 166 (2.42%) Accessibility
2 163 (2.38%) GDPR
3 90 (1.31%) SLA
4 89 (1.30%) Data Quality
5 65 (0.95%) PMO
6 62 (0.91%) WCAG
7 45 (0.66%) GMP
8 28 (0.41%) MiFID
9 27 (0.39%) Good Clinical Practice
10 25 (0.36%) EMIR
10 25 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 18 (0.26%) CDISC
11 18 (0.26%) GxP
11 18 (0.26%) ISO 13485
11 18 (0.26%) NIST
12 15 (0.22%) P3O
13 12 (0.18%) GRC
14 11 (0.16%) ISO 9001
15 10 (0.15%) PCI DSS
16 9 (0.13%) HIPAA
System Software
1 885 (12.92%) Docker
2 53 (0.77%) Active Directory
3 21 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
3 21 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 15 (0.22%) Firmware
6 10 (0.15%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.073%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.044%) LXC
8 3 (0.044%) VMware NSX
9 2 (0.029%) VMware Workstation
9 2 (0.029%) vSphere
10 1 (0.015%) BitLocker
10 1 (0.015%) IAG
10 1 (0.015%) KVM
10 1 (0.015%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.015%) NFS
10 1 (0.015%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 704 (10.28%) Kubernetes
2 404 (5.90%) Terraform
3 144 (2.10%) Ansible
4 84 (1.23%) Grafana
5 73 (1.07%) Opscode Chef
6 65 (0.95%) Puppet
7 38 (0.55%) Prometheus
8 34 (0.50%) Kibana
9 29 (0.42%) HP Quality Center
10 27 (0.39%) HP ALM
11 21 (0.31%) HP Fortify
12 20 (0.29%) MIIS
13 19 (0.28%) ZABBIX
14 18 (0.26%) HAProxy
14 18 (0.26%) logstash
14 18 (0.26%) Opsgenie
14 18 (0.26%) Pingdom
15 14 (0.20%) Istio
15 14 (0.20%) SCCM
16 11 (0.16%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 719 (10.50%) Microsoft
2 380 (5.55%) Google
3 271 (3.96%) Oracle
4 150 (2.19%) SAP
5 146 (2.13%) Salesforce.com
6 82 (1.20%) Samsung
7 76 (1.11%) Adobe
8 75 (1.09%) Atlassian
9 61 (0.89%) HP
10 58 (0.85%) Red Hat
11 56 (0.82%) Cognizant
12 50 (0.73%) Xamarin
13 44 (0.64%) New Relic
14 40 (0.58%) IBM
14 40 (0.58%) Sybase
15 36 (0.53%) Splunk
15 36 (0.53%) VMware
16 33 (0.48%) ServiceNow
17 32 (0.47%) Spotify
18 31 (0.45%) Remedy