Period
to 18 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 18 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 45 57 57
Rank change year-on-year +12 0 -3
Permanent jobs citing QA 7,949 8,710 8,427
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.25% 5.01% 4.75%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 38.08% 39.89% 37.66%
Number of salaries quoted 5,981 6,802 6,782
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £49,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +1.01% +10.00%
10th Percentile £30,250 £30,500 £29,263
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 20,874 21,837 22,375
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.78% 12.55% 12.62%
Number of salaries quoted 15,349 16,835 17,721
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% -
10th Percentile £27,500 £27,500 £26,875
90th Percentile £80,000 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing QA.

Salary trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Salary histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 7,381 £50,000 - 1,240
UK excluding London +11 4,113 £45,000 +5.88% 825
London 0 3,614 £57,500 - 494
South East +14 1,469 £47,500 +7.95% 229
North of England +7 864 £42,500 +1.19% 222
Midlands -4 609 £42,500 - 135
North West -3 462 £42,500 -5.56% 118
East of England 0 405 £45,000 - 87
South West +8 377 £40,000 - 73
West Midlands 0 348 £43,250 +8.13% 78
Yorkshire +25 340 £42,500 +13.33% 72
East Midlands -9 254 £42,500 -7.61% 57
Scotland +20 243 £40,000 +3.90% 46
Wales +20 131 £35,000 +3.14% 25
North East +5 63 £38,750 -7.74% 32
Northern Ireland -6 34 £40,000 -5.88% 8

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for QA.

1 4,370 (54.98%) Agile Software Development
2 3,310 (41.64%) Test Automation
3 2,103 (26.46%) Java
4 1,854 (23.32%) SQL
5 1,812 (22.80%) Finance
6 1,808 (22.74%) Selenium
7 1,743 (21.93%) C#
8 1,559 (19.61%) Scrum
9 1,462 (18.39%) JavaScript
10 1,380 (17.36%) Degree
11 1,124 (14.14%) .NET
12 1,076 (13.54%) Software Engineering
13 1,065 (13.40%) JIRA
14 998 (12.56%) BDD
15 952 (11.98%) TDD
16 945 (11.89%) SDLC
17 917 (11.54%) Microsoft
18 880 (11.07%) Python
19 875 (11.01%) DevOps
20 844 (10.62%) Problem-Solving
21 831 (10.45%) Continuous Integration
22 807 (10.15%) Cucumber
23 804 (10.11%) HTML
24 791 (9.95%) Git (software)
25 787 (9.90%) Computer Science
26 761 (9.57%) Software Testing
27 748 (9.41%) Project Management
28 744 (9.36%) Analytical Skills
29 736 (9.26%) Jenkins
30 720 (9.06%) Continuous Improvement

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 343 (4.32%) Confluence
2 155 (1.95%) CMS
3 123 (1.55%) SharePoint
4 90 (1.13%) Apache Spark
5 77 (0.97%) IIS
6 74 (0.93%) Apache
7 71 (0.89%) Elasticsearch
8 43 (0.54%) Tomcat
9 42 (0.53%) SAS
10 34 (0.43%) WordPress
11 32 (0.40%) Drupal
12 31 (0.39%) Umbraco
13 29 (0.36%) BizTalk Server
14 28 (0.35%) WebSphere
15 27 (0.34%) Mule
16 26 (0.33%) JBoss
16 26 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 25 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
18 21 (0.26%) WebLogic
19 18 (0.23%) nginx
Applications
1 270 (3.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 205 (2.58%) Microsoft Office
3 113 (1.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 100 (1.26%) Microsoft Project
5 99 (1.25%) MS Visio
6 22 (0.28%) Photoshop
7 19 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
8 14 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
9 13 (0.16%) Mingle
10 11 (0.14%) SPSS
11 10 (0.13%) Chatbot
12 9 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 9 (0.11%) AutoCAD
13 8 (0.10%) OmniGraffle
14 7 (0.088%) Revit
15 6 (0.075%) InVision
15 6 (0.075%) Stata
16 4 (0.050%) Adobe After Effects
17 2 (0.025%) InDesign
17 2 (0.025%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 114 (1.43%) Temenos T24
2 92 (1.16%) thinkFolio
3 65 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
4 55 (0.69%) Magento
5 33 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
6 28 (0.35%) SAP Hybris
7 27 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
8 23 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
9 17 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
10 15 (0.19%) SAP FI
11 14 (0.18%) SAP CO
11 14 (0.18%) SAP FI/CO
12 13 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
13 10 (0.13%) FastStats
13 10 (0.13%) IntelliMatch
13 10 (0.13%) Oracle Retail
14 9 (0.11%) SAP Business One
15 8 (0.10%) SAP Bank Analyzer
15 8 (0.10%) SAP FS
15 8 (0.10%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 677 (8.52%) Amazon AWS
2 640 (8.05%) Microsoft Azure
3 280 (3.52%) SaaS
4 187 (2.35%) GitHub
5 181 (2.28%) Google Cloud Platform
6 107 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
7 87 (1.09%) PaaS
8 72 (0.91%) AWS CloudFormation
9 70 (0.88%) Office 365
10 65 (0.82%) Serverless
11 46 (0.58%) BrowserStack
12 45 (0.57%) OpenShift
13 41 (0.52%) AWS Lambda
14 37 (0.47%) Dynamics 365
14 37 (0.47%) IaaS
15 36 (0.45%) Amazon S3
16 34 (0.43%) Google Analytics
17 33 (0.42%) npm
18 32 (0.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 31 (0.39%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 114 (1.43%) Internet
2 68 (0.86%) HTTP
3 61 (0.77%) Firewall
4 39 (0.49%) TCP/IP
5 31 (0.39%) GSM
5 31 (0.39%) Network Security
6 29 (0.36%) DNS
6 29 (0.36%) LAN
7 26 (0.33%) Skype
7 26 (0.33%) SSL
7 26 (0.33%) WAN
8 24 (0.30%) FTP
8 24 (0.30%) Wi-Fi
9 21 (0.26%) VPN
9 21 (0.26%) Wireshark
10 20 (0.25%) Bluetooth
10 20 (0.25%) Unified Communications
11 16 (0.20%) SAN
12 14 (0.18%) HTTPS
12 14 (0.18%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 695 (8.74%) SQL Server
2 237 (2.98%) Relational Database
3 232 (2.92%) Big Data
4 229 (2.88%) Data Warehouse
5 227 (2.86%) NoSQL
6 216 (2.72%) MySQL
7 163 (2.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 125 (1.57%) Hadoop
9 116 (1.46%) PostgreSQL
10 114 (1.43%) MongoDB
11 96 (1.21%) Power BI
12 81 (1.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 78 (0.98%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 57 (0.72%) Blockchain
15 55 (0.69%) SQL Server 2008
16 51 (0.64%) Apache Cassandra
17 49 (0.62%) RDBMS
18 48 (0.60%) Redis
18 48 (0.60%) SQL Server 2012
19 46 (0.58%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,808 (22.74%) Selenium
2 1,065 (13.40%) JIRA
3 807 (10.15%) Cucumber
4 791 (9.95%) Git (software)
5 736 (9.26%) Jenkins
6 662 (8.33%) WebDriver
7 400 (5.03%) JMeter
8 395 (4.97%) SoapUI
9 303 (3.81%) Team Foundation Server
10 284 (3.57%) Visual Studio
11 278 (3.50%) SpecFlow
12 233 (2.93%) JUnit
13 231 (2.91%) Maven
14 220 (2.77%) TeamCity
15 169 (2.13%) Appium
16 164 (2.06%) HP UFT
17 148 (1.86%) Subversion
18 122 (1.53%) Zephyr
19 113 (1.42%) Octopus Deploy
20 108 (1.36%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,812 (22.80%) Finance
2 685 (8.62%) Banking
3 600 (7.55%) Retail
4 363 (4.57%) Marketing
5 358 (4.50%) Games
6 202 (2.54%) Law
7 132 (1.66%) Manufacturing
8 130 (1.64%) Telecoms
9 106 (1.33%) Publishing
10 99 (1.25%) Legal
11 86 (1.08%) Investment Banking
12 73 (0.92%) Front Office
13 67 (0.84%) Electronics
14 60 (0.75%) Back Office
15 57 (0.72%) Advertising
16 53 (0.67%) Financial Institution
17 50 (0.63%) Automotive
18 47 (0.59%) German Language
19 41 (0.52%) Private Banking
20 28 (0.35%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1,514 (19.05%) Developer
2 1,469 (18.48%) Analyst
3 1,118 (14.06%) QA Engineer
4 866 (10.89%) Tester
5 652 (8.20%) Test Analyst
6 629 (7.91%) Test Engineer
7 446 (5.61%) Automation Tester
8 443 (5.57%) QA Tester
9 402 (5.06%) QA Analyst
10 398 (5.01%) Business Analyst
11 349 (4.39%) QA Automation Engineer
12 316 (3.98%) Senior Developer
13 306 (3.85%) QA Test Engineer
14 298 (3.75%) Architect
15 287 (3.61%) Java Developer
16 284 (3.57%) Test Automation Engineer
17 272 (3.42%) C# Developer
18 268 (3.37%) Senior QA Engineer
19 262 (3.30%) .NET Developer
20 250 (3.15%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,124 (14.14%) .NET
2 804 (10.11%) HTML
3 690 (8.68%) CSS
4 589 (7.41%) Web Services
5 521 (6.55%) REST
6 514 (6.47%) AngularJS
7 458 (5.76%) XML
8 392 (4.93%) ASP.NET
9 391 (4.92%) SOAP
10 359 (4.52%) RESTful
11 337 (4.24%) JSON
12 301 (3.79%) HTML5
13 293 (3.69%) React
14 289 (3.64%) Spring
15 283 (3.56%) Node.js
16 266 (3.35%) jQuery
17 237 (2.98%) Gherkin
18 207 (2.60%) .NET Framework
19 191 (2.40%) ASP.NET MVC
20 186 (2.34%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 744 (9.36%) Analytical Skills
2 531 (6.68%) User Experience
3 442 (5.56%) Fintech
4 408 (5.13%) Management Information System
5 398 (5.01%) Mobile App
6 276 (3.47%) Self-Motivation
7 185 (2.33%) Greenfield Project
8 141 (1.77%) Enterprise Software
9 134 (1.69%) Fixed Income
10 133 (1.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 120 (1.51%) Equities
12 105 (1.32%) Virtual Team
13 81 (1.02%) Data Centre
14 78 (0.98%) Derivative
15 77 (0.97%) Algorithms
16 76 (0.96%) Linux Command Line
17 75 (0.94%) Client/Server
18 74 (0.93%) Data Structures
19 73 (0.92%) e-Learning
20 60 (0.75%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 614 (7.72%) Linux
2 529 (6.65%) Windows
3 266 (3.35%) Unix
4 265 (3.33%) Android
5 234 (2.94%) Apple iOS
6 64 (0.81%) Windows Server
7 46 (0.58%) CentOS
8 40 (0.50%) Windows 10
9 32 (0.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 32 (0.40%) Ubuntu
10 25 (0.31%) Mesosphere
11 18 (0.23%) VMS
12 14 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
13 12 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
14 11 (0.14%) Windows Phone
15 9 (0.11%) Solaris
16 8 (0.10%) Windows 7
17 7 (0.088%) Mac OS X
17 7 (0.088%) Windows Phone 8
18 5 (0.063%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,370 (54.98%) Agile Software Development
2 3,310 (41.64%) Test Automation
3 1,559 (19.61%) Scrum
4 1,076 (13.54%) Software Engineering
5 998 (12.56%) BDD
6 952 (11.98%) TDD
7 945 (11.89%) SDLC
8 875 (11.01%) DevOps
9 844 (10.62%) Problem-Solving
10 831 (10.45%) Continuous Integration
11 787 (9.90%) Computer Science
12 761 (9.57%) Software Testing
13 748 (9.41%) Project Management
14 720 (9.06%) Continuous Improvement
15 713 (8.97%) Mentoring
16 680 (8.55%) Test Strategy
17 674 (8.48%) Manual Testing
18 616 (7.75%) User Stories
19 587 (7.38%) Test Scripting
20 518 (6.52%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,103 (26.46%) Java
2 1,854 (23.32%) SQL
3 1,743 (21.93%) C#
4 1,462 (18.39%) JavaScript
5 880 (11.07%) Python
6 294 (3.70%) PHP
7 285 (3.59%) Ruby
8 227 (2.86%) C++
9 223 (2.81%) C
10 206 (2.59%) T-SQL
11 177 (2.23%) PowerShell
12 141 (1.77%) Bash Shell
13 131 (1.65%) PL/SQL
14 127 (1.60%) TypeScript
15 99 (1.25%) Go
15 99 (1.25%) Perl
16 93 (1.17%) VB.NET
17 88 (1.11%) Scala
18 82 (1.03%) ES6
19 78 (0.98%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 1,380 (17.36%) Degree
2 458 (5.76%) ISTQB
3 367 (4.62%) ISEB
4 243 (3.06%) Computer Science Degree
5 169 (2.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 138 (1.74%) Security Cleared
7 90 (1.13%) SC Cleared
8 79 (0.99%) PMI Certification
9 63 (0.79%) PMP
10 53 (0.67%) Microsoft Certification
11 48 (0.60%) Master's Degree
12 41 (0.52%) CISSP
13 38 (0.48%) SAFe Agilist
14 36 (0.45%) CISA
15 35 (0.44%) Cisco Certification
16 34 (0.43%) PRINCE2 Certification
17 28 (0.35%) CISM
18 25 (0.31%) DBS Check
18 25 (0.31%) PhD
19 24 (0.30%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 156 (1.96%) PMO
2 96 (1.21%) Data Quality
3 83 (1.04%) GDPR
3 83 (1.04%) SLA
4 47 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 30 (0.38%) ISO 9001
6 29 (0.36%) MiFID
7 18 (0.23%) PCI DSS
8 14 (0.18%) SEPA
9 13 (0.16%) TARGET2
10 12 (0.15%) ISO 9000
11 10 (0.13%) COBIT
11 10 (0.13%) ISO 20022
11 10 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 15288
11 10 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 8 (0.10%) IFRS
12 8 (0.10%) PMBOK
13 6 (0.075%) WCAG
14 5 (0.063%) COSO
15 4 (0.050%) ISO 14001
System Software
1 422 (5.31%) Docker
2 85 (1.07%) Active Directory
3 66 (0.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 57 (0.72%) Virtual Machines
5 36 (0.45%) Hyper-V
6 28 (0.35%) Firmware
7 26 (0.33%) HDFS
8 17 (0.21%) Apache Flume
9 16 (0.20%) XenApp
10 14 (0.18%) vSphere
11 13 (0.16%) XenDesktop
12 12 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 9 (0.11%) VirtualBox
14 7 (0.088%) XenServer
15 6 (0.075%) KVM
16 4 (0.050%) Varnish
17 3 (0.038%) Microsoft App-V
17 3 (0.038%) VMware ESXi
17 3 (0.038%) VMware Server
17 3 (0.038%) Xen
Systems Management
1 226 (2.84%) Kubernetes
2 164 (2.06%) Ansible
3 160 (2.01%) Terraform
4 147 (1.85%) Puppet
5 132 (1.66%) HP Quality Center
6 127 (1.60%) Opscode Chef
7 88 (1.11%) HP ALM
8 44 (0.55%) Prometheus
9 42 (0.53%) Consul
10 36 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
11 25 (0.31%) Automic
12 16 (0.20%) Hadoop YARN
12 16 (0.20%) Oozie
12 16 (0.20%) Packer
13 15 (0.19%) Grafana
13 15 (0.19%) Kibana
14 13 (0.16%) CloudHub
14 13 (0.16%) SCCM
15 12 (0.15%) Single Sign-On
16 11 (0.14%) HockeyApp
Vendors
1 917 (11.54%) Microsoft
2 413 (5.20%) Oracle
3 261 (3.28%) SAP
4 226 (2.84%) Google
5 164 (2.06%) HP
6 141 (1.77%) Salesforce.com
7 107 (1.35%) IBM
8 90 (1.13%) Charles River
9 84 (1.06%) Atlassian
10 82 (1.03%) VMware
11 80 (1.01%) Tableau
12 63 (0.79%) Red Hat
13 60 (0.75%) WorldPay
14 54 (0.68%) Splunk
15 53 (0.67%) Cadence
16 52 (0.65%) Cisco
17 49 (0.62%) Citrix
18 46 (0.58%) Adobe
19 45 (0.57%) hybris
20 42 (0.53%) Sitecore