Period
to 8 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 8 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
8 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 56 47 57
Rank change year-on-year -9 +10 0
Permanent jobs citing QA 6,185 8,069 8,964
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.65% 5.08% 4.99%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 36.43% 37.41% 39.56%
Number of salaries quoted 4,832 6,201 6,716
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,750 £30,000
90th Percentile £80,588 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 16,977 21,568 22,661
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.77% 13.57% 12.60%
Number of salaries quoted 12,946 16,091 17,087
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £28,500 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing QA.

Salary trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 8 December 2019.

Salary histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 8 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 5,713 £52,500 +5.00% 1,068
UK excluding London -9 3,314 £45,000 - 811
London -6 2,674 £62,500 +4.17% 334
South East -15 1,142 £50,000 +5.26% 214
North of England +8 798 £42,500 - 221
North West +16 454 £42,500 - 101
Midlands -9 445 £42,500 -1.16% 141
South West 0 377 £42,500 +6.25% 83
West Midlands +11 311 £45,000 +2.27% 71
East of England -6 261 £51,250 +13.89% 76
Yorkshire -21 261 £42,500 - 83
Scotland -9 196 £43,750 +9.38% 51
East Midlands -41 133 £40,000 -3.61% 70
North East +34 84 £45,000 +12.50% 37
Wales -42 70 £45,000 +24.14% 20
Northern Ireland +6 35 £34,250 -14.38% 7

For the 6 months to 8 December 2019, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for QA.

1 3,310 (53.52%) Agile Software Development
2 2,544 (41.13%) Test Automation
3 1,523 (24.62%) SQL
4 1,411 (22.81%) Java
5 1,327 (21.46%) C#
6 1,285 (20.78%) Selenium
7 1,273 (20.58%) Scrum
8 1,155 (18.67%) Finance
9 1,149 (18.58%) JavaScript
10 1,096 (17.72%) DevOps
11 907 (14.66%) JIRA
12 847 (13.69%) .NET
13 833 (13.47%) Python
14 824 (13.32%) BDD
15 798 (12.90%) SDLC
16 780 (12.61%) TDD
17 777 (12.56%) Azure
18 757 (12.24%) Problem-Solving
19 753 (12.17%) Software Engineering
20 752 (12.16%) Degree
21 738 (11.93%) Microsoft
22 690 (11.16%) Linux
23 678 (10.96%) Mentoring
24 675 (10.91%) Continuous Integration
25 668 (10.80%) Git (software)
26 649 (10.49%) AWS
27 646 (10.44%) SQL Server
28 575 (9.30%) HTML
29 555 (8.97%) Cucumber
30 553 (8.94%) Test Strategy

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 277 (4.48%) Confluence
2 128 (2.07%) CMS
3 90 (1.46%) IIS
4 84 (1.36%) SharePoint
5 80 (1.29%) Apache Spark
6 72 (1.16%) Apache
7 57 (0.92%) Elasticsearch
8 37 (0.60%) EPiServer
9 35 (0.57%) Tomcat
10 31 (0.50%) nginx
11 29 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 29 (0.47%) SAS
12 28 (0.45%) Sitecore CMS
13 26 (0.42%) WordPress
14 19 (0.31%) WebSphere
15 18 (0.29%) Drupal
16 15 (0.24%) Apache Solr
16 15 (0.24%) JBoss
16 15 (0.24%) Umbraco
17 14 (0.23%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 148 (2.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 86 (1.39%) Microsoft Office
3 79 (1.28%) Microsoft Project
4 57 (0.92%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 39 (0.63%) MS Visio
6 31 (0.50%) Spreadsheet
7 13 (0.21%) Sketch
8 10 (0.16%) Photoshop
9 8 (0.13%) Chatbot
10 5 (0.081%) Adobe XD
10 5 (0.081%) AutoCAD
10 5 (0.081%) InVision
10 5 (0.081%) Zeplin
11 4 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.049%) Fireworks
13 2 (0.032%) S-PLUS
14 1 (0.016%) Acrobat
14 1 (0.016%) Adobe After Effects
14 1 (0.016%) InDesign
14 1 (0.016%) Mathematica
Business Applications
1 36 (0.58%) Payment Gateway
2 34 (0.55%) Magento
3 30 (0.49%) Dynamics CRM
4 24 (0.39%) SAP Hybris
5 23 (0.37%) Oracle EBS
6 21 (0.34%) Oracle ERP
7 15 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
8 14 (0.23%) SAP S/4HANA
9 12 (0.19%) FastStats
10 8 (0.13%) NetSuite
10 8 (0.13%) WebTrends
11 7 (0.11%) Markit EDM
11 7 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 6 (0.097%) Dynamics GP
12 6 (0.097%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 5 (0.081%) SAP ERP
14 4 (0.065%) JDE EnterpriseOne
14 4 (0.065%) Oracle Retail
14 4 (0.065%) R3 Corda
14 4 (0.065%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 777 (12.56%) Azure
2 649 (10.49%) AWS
3 259 (4.19%) SaaS
4 170 (2.75%) GCP
5 146 (2.36%) GitHub
6 98 (1.58%) PaaS
7 94 (1.52%) Office 365
8 85 (1.37%) Power Platform
9 62 (1.00%) BrowserStack
10 58 (0.94%) Amazon EC2
11 52 (0.84%) Cloud Computing
12 47 (0.76%) Amazon S3
12 47 (0.76%) AWS CloudFormation
13 45 (0.73%) Serverless
14 43 (0.70%) OpenShift
15 41 (0.66%) Google Analytics
16 39 (0.63%) Sauce Labs
17 33 (0.53%) Amazon SQS
18 32 (0.52%) AWS Lambda
19 31 (0.50%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 112 (1.81%) Internet
2 70 (1.13%) Firewall
3 69 (1.12%) TCP/IP
4 65 (1.05%) HTTP
5 49 (0.79%) DNS
6 37 (0.60%) DHCP
7 29 (0.47%) Wireless
8 27 (0.44%) VoIP
9 23 (0.37%) LAN
10 20 (0.32%) Wireshark
11 18 (0.29%) Intranet
11 18 (0.29%) VPN
12 16 (0.26%) WAN
13 14 (0.23%) RS-232
13 14 (0.23%) RS-485
13 14 (0.23%) Skype
14 13 (0.21%) MPLS
14 13 (0.21%) Network Security
15 12 (0.19%) SSL
16 11 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 646 (10.44%) SQL Server
2 243 (3.93%) Big Data
3 211 (3.41%) Relational Database
4 191 (3.09%) MySQL
5 189 (3.06%) NoSQL
6 166 (2.68%) Data Warehouse
7 139 (2.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 127 (2.05%) PostgreSQL
9 114 (1.84%) MongoDB
10 101 (1.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 90 (1.46%) Hadoop
12 80 (1.29%) Power BI
13 78 (1.26%) Redis
14 74 (1.20%) Apache Cassandra
15 72 (1.16%) Oracle Database
16 71 (1.15%) Amazon RDS
17 70 (1.13%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 52 (0.84%) Apache Hive
18 52 (0.84%) Data Mining
19 47 (0.76%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 1,285 (20.78%) Selenium
2 907 (14.66%) JIRA
3 668 (10.80%) Git (software)
4 555 (8.97%) Cucumber
5 531 (8.59%) Jenkins
6 391 (6.32%) Postman
7 376 (6.08%) WebDriver
8 286 (4.62%) SpecFlow
9 256 (4.14%) JMeter
10 193 (3.12%) Team Foundation Server
11 184 (2.97%) Appium
12 172 (2.78%) Visual Studio
13 169 (2.73%) SoapUI
14 164 (2.65%) TeamCity
15 143 (2.31%) JUnit
15 143 (2.31%) Maven
16 124 (2.00%) Visual Studio Team System
17 103 (1.67%) HP UFT
18 101 (1.63%) Octopus Deploy
19 91 (1.47%) LoadRunner
General
1 1,155 (18.67%) Finance
2 336 (5.43%) Retail
3 303 (4.90%) Marketing
4 247 (3.99%) Banking
5 169 (2.73%) Games
6 149 (2.41%) Telecoms
7 117 (1.89%) Public Sector
8 105 (1.70%) Manufacturing
9 76 (1.23%) Legal
10 69 (1.12%) Aerospace
11 55 (0.89%) Advertising
12 49 (0.79%) Law
13 47 (0.76%) Electronics
14 44 (0.71%) Front Office
15 42 (0.68%) Back Office
16 38 (0.61%) Automotive
16 38 (0.61%) Investment Banking
17 34 (0.55%) Local Government
18 31 (0.50%) Military
19 25 (0.40%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,143 (18.48%) Developer
2 932 (15.07%) Analyst
3 840 (13.58%) QA Engineer
4 595 (9.62%) Tester
5 464 (7.50%) Test Engineer
6 356 (5.76%) QA Analyst
7 344 (5.56%) Test Analyst
8 286 (4.62%) QA Tester
9 267 (4.32%) Senior Developer
10 236 (3.82%) Software Engineer
11 221 (3.57%) QA Leader
12 212 (3.43%) Software Developer
13 203 (3.28%) Test Automation Engineer
14 197 (3.19%) Senior QA Engineer
15 194 (3.14%) QA Automation Engineer
16 193 (3.12%) .NET Developer
17 190 (3.07%) Architect
18 185 (2.99%) Automation Tester
19 180 (2.91%) C# Developer
20 177 (2.86%) Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 847 (13.69%) .NET
2 575 (9.30%) HTML
3 505 (8.16%) Web Services
4 492 (7.95%) REST
5 481 (7.78%) CSS
6 364 (5.89%) AngularJS
7 310 (5.01%) Node.js
8 295 (4.77%) XML
9 290 (4.69%) SOAP
10 279 (4.51%) React
11 278 (4.49%) RESTful
12 249 (4.03%) Gherkin
13 243 (3.93%) Spring
14 235 (3.80%) ASP.NET
15 226 (3.65%) JSON
16 225 (3.64%) HTML5
17 179 (2.89%) jQuery
18 171 (2.76%) .NET Framework
19 133 (2.15%) Spring Boot
20 129 (2.09%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 529 (8.55%) Analytical Skills
2 417 (6.74%) Mobile App
3 392 (6.34%) User Experience
4 252 (4.07%) Self-Motivation
5 169 (2.73%) Enterprise Software
6 156 (2.52%) Management Information System
7 155 (2.51%) Greenfield Project
8 112 (1.81%) Virtual Team
9 100 (1.62%) Algorithms
10 97 (1.57%) Client/Server
11 63 (1.02%) Data Structures
12 61 (0.99%) PMI
13 52 (0.84%) Hedge funds
14 49 (0.79%) Linux Command Line
15 47 (0.76%) Robotics
16 45 (0.73%) Hybrid Cloud
17 44 (0.71%) Fixed Income
18 42 (0.68%) Derivative
19 40 (0.65%) Embedded Systems
20 39 (0.63%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 690 (11.16%) Linux
2 545 (8.81%) Windows
3 275 (4.45%) Android
4 264 (4.27%) Apple iOS
5 256 (4.14%) Unix
6 81 (1.31%) Windows Server
7 39 (0.63%) Windows 10
8 34 (0.55%) CentOS
9 28 (0.45%) Windows 8
10 25 (0.40%) Windows 7
11 21 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 20 (0.32%) Tizen
13 13 (0.21%) Mesosphere
13 13 (0.21%) Ubuntu
14 10 (0.16%) Fedora
14 10 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
15 7 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
16 6 (0.097%) AIX
16 6 (0.097%) Embedded Linux
16 6 (0.097%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,310 (53.52%) Agile Software Development
2 2,544 (41.13%) Test Automation
3 1,273 (20.58%) Scrum
4 1,096 (17.72%) DevOps
5 824 (13.32%) BDD
6 798 (12.90%) SDLC
7 780 (12.61%) TDD
8 757 (12.24%) Problem-Solving
9 753 (12.17%) Software Engineering
10 678 (10.96%) Mentoring
11 675 (10.91%) Continuous Integration
12 553 (8.94%) Test Strategy
13 537 (8.68%) Computer Science
14 511 (8.26%) Test Scripting
15 502 (8.12%) Manual Testing
16 501 (8.10%) Project Management
17 497 (8.04%) Software Testing
18 466 (7.53%) Regression Testing
19 429 (6.94%) Analytics
20 386 (6.24%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 1,523 (24.62%) SQL
2 1,411 (22.81%) Java
3 1,327 (21.46%) C#
4 1,149 (18.58%) JavaScript
5 833 (13.47%) Python
6 247 (3.99%) C++
7 241 (3.90%) PHP
8 220 (3.56%) PowerShell
9 190 (3.07%) Ruby
10 147 (2.38%) Scala
11 143 (2.31%) C
12 133 (2.15%) Bash Shell
12 133 (2.15%) T-SQL
13 132 (2.13%) TypeScript
14 108 (1.75%) Shell Script
15 101 (1.63%) PL/SQL
16 85 (1.37%) Java 8
17 74 (1.20%) Go
18 57 (0.92%) VB.NET
19 56 (0.91%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 752 (12.16%) Degree
2 504 (8.15%) ISTQB
3 276 (4.46%) ISEB
4 224 (3.62%) Computer Science Degree
5 207 (3.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 155 (2.51%) Security Cleared
7 96 (1.55%) PMI Certification
8 88 (1.42%) SC Cleared
9 65 (1.05%) Microsoft Certification
10 48 (0.78%) MCSE
11 38 (0.61%) PhD
12 36 (0.58%) PMP
13 34 (0.55%) MCSA
13 34 (0.55%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 27 (0.44%) CISSP
14 27 (0.44%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 26 (0.42%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
16 25 (0.40%) Numerate Degree
17 22 (0.36%) DBS Check
17 22 (0.36%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 117 (1.89%) Data Quality
2 109 (1.76%) PMO
3 72 (1.16%) SLA
4 57 (0.92%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 53 (0.86%) GDPR
6 18 (0.29%) NIST
7 15 (0.24%) IFRS
7 15 (0.24%) ISO 9001
8 11 (0.18%) PCI DSS
9 10 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 9 (0.15%) NCSC
11 8 (0.13%) COBIT
11 8 (0.13%) WCAG
12 6 (0.097%) Cyber Essentials
12 6 (0.097%) ISO 22301
12 6 (0.097%) Solvency II
13 5 (0.081%) GAMP
13 5 (0.081%) GMP
13 5 (0.081%) GxP
14 4 (0.065%) 21 CFR Part 11
System Software
1 446 (7.21%) Docker
2 87 (1.41%) Active Directory
3 45 (0.73%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (0.50%) HDFS
5 25 (0.40%) Hyper-V
5 25 (0.40%) XenApp
6 16 (0.26%) Microsoft App-V
6 16 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
7 11 (0.18%) Firmware
7 11 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
8 5 (0.081%) Apache Flume
9 4 (0.065%) ACF2
9 4 (0.065%) RACF
9 4 (0.065%) Varnish
10 3 (0.049%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.049%) IAG
10 3 (0.049%) XenDesktop
11 2 (0.032%) BitLocker
11 2 (0.032%) KVM
11 2 (0.032%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 258 (4.17%) Kubernetes
2 158 (2.55%) Ansible
3 113 (1.83%) Terraform
4 76 (1.23%) Puppet
5 64 (1.03%) HP Quality Center
6 59 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
7 54 (0.87%) SCCM
8 48 (0.78%) HP ALM
9 29 (0.47%) Kibana
10 24 (0.39%) Oozie
11 21 (0.34%) Microsoft Intune
11 21 (0.34%) Nagios
12 19 (0.31%) Consul
13 17 (0.27%) Salt
14 16 (0.26%) Hadoop YARN
14 16 (0.26%) Red Hat Spacewalk
15 14 (0.23%) Prometheus
16 13 (0.21%) Automic
16 13 (0.21%) Packer
17 12 (0.19%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 738 (11.93%) Microsoft
2 333 (5.38%) Oracle
3 203 (3.28%) Google
4 145 (2.34%) HP
5 110 (1.78%) SAP
6 109 (1.76%) Salesforce.com
7 87 (1.41%) WorldPay
8 85 (1.37%) Atlassian
9 73 (1.18%) VMware
10 70 (1.13%) Adobe
11 60 (0.97%) IBM
12 58 (0.94%) Red Hat
13 41 (0.66%) Cisco
13 41 (0.66%) Informatica
14 36 (0.58%) Splunk
14 36 (0.58%) Xamarin
15 35 (0.57%) hybris
15 35 (0.57%) Sitecore
16 34 (0.55%) Tableau
17 33 (0.53%) Citrix