Period
to 16 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 16 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 50 58 57
Rank change year-on-year +8 -1 -3
Permanent jobs citing QA 8,285 8,966 9,149
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.08% 4.97% 4.80%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 38.16% 39.75% 37.07%
Number of salaries quoted 6,448 6,601 7,478
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,000 £30,000 £30,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 21,709 22,554 24,678
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.32% 12.51% 12.94%
Number of salaries quoted 16,374 16,870 19,497
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +2.04% +7.78%
10th Percentile £28,000 £27,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +2.41%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing QA.

Salary trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Salary histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 7,733 £50,000 - 1,376
UK excluding London +13 4,375 £45,000 +5.88% 939
London -3 3,712 £60,000 +4.35% 532
South East +21 1,553 £47,500 +5.56% 233
North of England +19 982 £42,500 +6.25% 256
Midlands -12 581 £44,000 +3.53% 147
North West -2 498 £42,500 - 118
South West +19 439 £40,000 - 108
East of England +13 431 £45,000 - 100
Yorkshire +39 425 £42,500 +13.33% 100
West Midlands -20 316 £45,000 +12.50% 80
East Midlands -7 257 £40,500 -12.90% 67
Scotland +22 237 £40,000 - 45
Wales +17 163 £37,500 +10.51% 35
North East -3 60 £40,000 - 38
Northern Ireland -14 24 £40,000 - 15

For the 6 months to 16 November 2018, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for QA.

1 4,557 (55.00%) Agile Software Development
2 3,533 (42.64%) Test Automation
3 2,179 (26.30%) Java
4 2,078 (25.08%) Finance
5 1,962 (23.68%) Selenium
6 1,888 (22.79%) SQL
7 1,879 (22.68%) C#
8 1,665 (20.10%) JavaScript
9 1,511 (18.24%) Scrum
10 1,298 (15.67%) .NET
11 1,265 (15.27%) Degree
12 1,092 (13.18%) BDD
13 1,069 (12.90%) TDD
14 1,053 (12.71%) JIRA
15 992 (11.97%) Microsoft
16 973 (11.74%) SDLC
17 970 (11.71%) Software Engineering
18 954 (11.51%) Problem-Solving
19 933 (11.26%) DevOps
20 932 (11.25%) Continuous Integration
21 928 (11.20%) Python
22 917 (11.07%) HTML
23 870 (10.50%) Cucumber
24 861 (10.39%) Git (software)
25 833 (10.05%) Software Testing
26 822 (9.92%) Project Management
27 804 (9.70%) Analytical Skills
28 802 (9.68%) Jenkins
29 785 (9.47%) Amazon AWS
30 753 (9.09%) CSS

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 388 (4.68%) Confluence
2 149 (1.80%) CMS
3 113 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
4 106 (1.28%) SharePoint
5 102 (1.23%) Apache Spark
6 95 (1.15%) IIS
7 77 (0.93%) Apache
8 56 (0.68%) Tomcat
9 36 (0.43%) Sitecore CMS
9 36 (0.43%) WordPress
10 35 (0.42%) nginx
11 34 (0.41%) Drupal
12 32 (0.39%) BizTalk Server
13 30 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 29 (0.35%) SAS
15 26 (0.31%) Mule
16 24 (0.29%) JBoss
16 24 (0.29%) WebLogic
17 21 (0.25%) Umbraco
17 21 (0.25%) WebSphere
Applications
1 251 (3.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 215 (2.60%) Microsoft Office
3 96 (1.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 90 (1.09%) MS Visio
5 85 (1.03%) Microsoft Project
6 29 (0.35%) Photoshop
7 21 (0.25%) Adobe Illustrator
8 18 (0.22%) SPSS
9 16 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
10 12 (0.14%) AutoCAD
10 12 (0.14%) Chatbot
10 12 (0.14%) Mingle
11 10 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 6 (0.072%) Adobe After Effects
12 6 (0.072%) Stata
13 5 (0.060%) Revit
14 4 (0.048%) Fireworks
14 4 (0.048%) GNU Octave
14 4 (0.048%) InVision
15 3 (0.036%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 47 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 45 (0.54%) Magento
3 43 (0.52%) SAP Hybris
4 42 (0.51%) Payment Gateway
5 18 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
6 17 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
6 17 (0.21%) thinkFolio
7 15 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
8 11 (0.13%) SAP FI
8 11 (0.13%) Unit4 Business World
9 10 (0.12%) FastStats
9 10 (0.12%) SAP CO
9 10 (0.12%) SAP FI/CO
9 10 (0.12%) Temenos T24
10 9 (0.11%) IntelliMatch
10 9 (0.11%) Relativity
11 8 (0.097%) Oracle Payables
11 8 (0.097%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
11 8 (0.097%) SAP BPC
11 8 (0.097%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 785 (9.47%) Amazon AWS
2 702 (8.47%) Microsoft Azure
3 312 (3.77%) SaaS
4 212 (2.56%) GitHub
5 165 (1.99%) Google Cloud Platform
6 107 (1.29%) Cloud Computing
7 80 (0.97%) PaaS
8 73 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
9 69 (0.83%) Serverless
10 68 (0.82%) Office 365
11 63 (0.76%) OpenShift
12 49 (0.59%) IaaS
12 49 (0.59%) npm
13 48 (0.58%) Amazon EC2
13 48 (0.58%) BrowserStack
14 33 (0.40%) Amazon S3
14 33 (0.40%) BlazeMeter
14 33 (0.40%) Sauce Labs
15 32 (0.39%) Google Analytics
16 31 (0.37%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 113 (1.36%) Internet
2 78 (0.94%) Firewall
3 71 (0.86%) HTTP
4 47 (0.57%) TCP/IP
5 38 (0.46%) Network Security
6 36 (0.43%) DNS
7 34 (0.41%) SMS
8 33 (0.40%) GSM
9 31 (0.37%) LAN
9 31 (0.37%) Wi-Fi
10 30 (0.36%) SSL
11 27 (0.33%) LTE
12 25 (0.30%) VPN
13 23 (0.28%) FTP
14 22 (0.27%) Unified Communications
15 21 (0.25%) WAN
15 21 (0.25%) Wireless
16 20 (0.24%) 3G
16 20 (0.24%) 4G
17 18 (0.22%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 737 (8.90%) SQL Server
2 255 (3.08%) Big Data
3 254 (3.07%) Relational Database
4 245 (2.96%) Data Warehouse
5 206 (2.49%) MySQL
5 206 (2.49%) NoSQL
6 166 (2.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 144 (1.74%) Hadoop
8 135 (1.63%) MongoDB
9 112 (1.35%) PostgreSQL
10 90 (1.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 86 (1.04%) Power BI
12 76 (0.92%) Blockchain
12 76 (0.92%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 65 (0.78%) Apache Cassandra
14 64 (0.77%) RDBMS
15 48 (0.58%) Redis
15 48 (0.58%) SQL Server 2012
16 46 (0.56%) SQL Server 2008
17 44 (0.53%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1,962 (23.68%) Selenium
2 1,053 (12.71%) JIRA
3 870 (10.50%) Cucumber
4 861 (10.39%) Git (software)
5 802 (9.68%) Jenkins
6 732 (8.84%) WebDriver
7 391 (4.72%) JMeter
8 386 (4.66%) SoapUI
9 349 (4.21%) Visual Studio
10 342 (4.13%) SpecFlow
11 309 (3.73%) Team Foundation Server
12 282 (3.40%) Maven
13 257 (3.10%) TeamCity
14 247 (2.98%) JUnit
15 175 (2.11%) Appium
16 162 (1.96%) HP UFT
17 159 (1.92%) Subversion
18 148 (1.79%) Protractor
19 134 (1.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 116 (1.40%) LoadRunner
General
1 2,078 (25.08%) Finance
2 575 (6.94%) Retail
3 518 (6.25%) Banking
4 420 (5.07%) Marketing
5 218 (2.63%) Games
6 185 (2.23%) Law
7 145 (1.75%) Telecoms
8 127 (1.53%) Legal
9 126 (1.52%) Manufacturing
10 116 (1.40%) Investment Banking
11 83 (1.00%) Publishing
12 80 (0.97%) Advertising
13 67 (0.81%) Back Office
14 61 (0.74%) Automotive
15 60 (0.72%) Financial Institution
16 58 (0.70%) Electronics
17 45 (0.54%) Front Office
18 35 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
18 35 (0.42%) Retail Banking
19 32 (0.39%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1,664 (20.08%) Developer
2 1,491 (18.00%) Analyst
3 1,205 (14.54%) QA Engineer
4 894 (10.79%) Tester
5 640 (7.72%) Test Analyst
6 613 (7.40%) Test Engineer
7 449 (5.42%) Automation Tester
8 433 (5.23%) QA Tester
9 416 (5.02%) QA Automation Engineer
10 404 (4.88%) QA Analyst
11 361 (4.36%) Business Analyst
12 351 (4.24%) Senior Developer
13 297 (3.58%) Test Automation Engineer
14 293 (3.54%) C# Developer
15 290 (3.50%) Java Developer
16 289 (3.49%) .NET Developer
16 289 (3.49%) Developer in Test
17 287 (3.46%) QA Test Engineer
18 283 (3.42%) QA Leader
19 270 (3.26%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,298 (15.67%) .NET
2 917 (11.07%) HTML
3 753 (9.09%) CSS
4 684 (8.26%) Web Services
5 539 (6.51%) AngularJS
6 528 (6.37%) REST
7 485 (5.85%) XML
8 441 (5.32%) ASP.NET
9 419 (5.06%) SOAP
10 399 (4.82%) RESTful
11 370 (4.47%) JSON
12 332 (4.01%) HTML5
13 328 (3.96%) Spring
14 312 (3.77%) Node.js
15 298 (3.60%) React
16 280 (3.38%) jQuery
17 233 (2.81%) Gherkin
18 221 (2.67%) ASP.NET MVC
19 216 (2.61%) .NET Framework
19 216 (2.61%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 804 (9.70%) Analytical Skills
2 672 (8.11%) Computer Science
3 634 (7.65%) User Experience
4 488 (5.89%) Fintech
5 401 (4.84%) Mobile App
6 319 (3.85%) Self-Motivation
7 227 (2.74%) Management Information System
8 221 (2.67%) Greenfield Project
9 128 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
10 127 (1.53%) Virtual Team
11 83 (1.00%) Public Cloud
12 77 (0.93%) e-Learning
13 76 (0.92%) Data Centre
14 73 (0.88%) Algorithms
15 71 (0.86%) Fixed Income
16 67 (0.81%) Linux Command Line
17 63 (0.76%) Data Structures
18 57 (0.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
19 55 (0.66%) Reinsurance
20 53 (0.64%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 670 (8.09%) Linux
2 589 (7.11%) Windows
3 289 (3.49%) Unix
4 288 (3.48%) Android
5 251 (3.03%) Apple iOS
6 66 (0.80%) Windows Server
7 61 (0.74%) CentOS
8 47 (0.57%) Windows 10
9 39 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 39 (0.47%) Ubuntu
10 18 (0.22%) Mac OS X
11 16 (0.19%) Mesosphere
12 15 (0.18%) VMS
13 10 (0.12%) Windows 7
14 9 (0.11%) AIX
14 9 (0.11%) Windows Phone
14 9 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
15 8 (0.097%) Windows Server 2008
16 7 (0.084%) Solaris
16 7 (0.084%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,557 (55.00%) Agile Software Development
2 3,533 (42.64%) Test Automation
3 1,511 (18.24%) Scrum
4 1,092 (13.18%) BDD
5 1,069 (12.90%) TDD
6 973 (11.74%) SDLC
7 970 (11.71%) Software Engineering
8 954 (11.51%) Problem-Solving
9 933 (11.26%) DevOps
10 932 (11.25%) Continuous Integration
11 833 (10.05%) Software Testing
12 822 (9.92%) Project Management
13 737 (8.90%) Manual Testing
14 734 (8.86%) Mentoring
15 683 (8.24%) Test Strategy
16 577 (6.96%) Test Scripting
17 560 (6.76%) Continuous Improvement
18 513 (6.19%) Regression Testing
19 509 (6.14%) E-Commerce
20 500 (6.04%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 2,179 (26.30%) Java
2 1,888 (22.79%) SQL
3 1,879 (22.68%) C#
4 1,665 (20.10%) JavaScript
5 928 (11.20%) Python
6 333 (4.02%) Ruby
7 259 (3.13%) T-SQL
8 253 (3.05%) PHP
9 205 (2.47%) C++
10 185 (2.23%) C
11 166 (2.00%) PowerShell
12 150 (1.81%) Bash Shell
13 142 (1.71%) TypeScript
14 121 (1.46%) PL/SQL
15 102 (1.23%) Scala
16 100 (1.21%) Java 8
17 92 (1.11%) Go
17 92 (1.11%) Perl
18 82 (0.99%) VB.NET
19 79 (0.95%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,265 (15.27%) Degree
2 473 (5.71%) ISTQB
3 395 (4.77%) ISEB
4 259 (3.13%) Computer Science Degree
5 168 (2.03%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 120 (1.45%) Security Cleared
7 88 (1.06%) SC Cleared
8 64 (0.77%) PMI Certification
9 62 (0.75%) Master's Degree
10 55 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
11 50 (0.60%) PMP
12 44 (0.53%) CISSP
13 35 (0.42%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 33 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
15 30 (0.36%) DBS Check
16 29 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
16 29 (0.35%) PhD
17 27 (0.33%) ITIL Certification
18 26 (0.31%) CISA
19 23 (0.28%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 176 (2.12%) PMO
2 95 (1.15%) Data Quality
3 70 (0.84%) SLA
4 64 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 59 (0.71%) GDPR
6 41 (0.49%) ISO 9001
7 28 (0.34%) PCI DSS
8 22 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 13 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 12 (0.14%) ISO 9000
11 11 (0.13%) COBIT
11 11 (0.13%) SEPA
11 11 (0.13%) TARGET2
11 11 (0.13%) WCAG
12 10 (0.12%) PMBOK
13 9 (0.11%) ISO 20022
13 9 (0.11%) PSD2
14 8 (0.097%) IFRS
14 8 (0.097%) ISO/IEC 15288
14 8 (0.097%) MiFID
System Software
1 441 (5.32%) Docker
2 79 (0.95%) Active Directory
3 71 (0.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 54 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
5 40 (0.48%) Hyper-V
6 33 (0.40%) Firmware
7 23 (0.28%) HDFS
8 13 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 12 (0.14%) Varnish
10 11 (0.13%) KVM
10 11 (0.13%) VirtualBox
11 8 (0.097%) Apache Flume
11 8 (0.097%) Xen
12 5 (0.060%) VMware Server
12 5 (0.060%) vSphere
12 5 (0.060%) XenApp
13 4 (0.048%) LXC
13 4 (0.048%) VMware ESXi
14 3 (0.036%) GlusterFS
14 3 (0.036%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 221 (2.67%) Kubernetes
2 179 (2.16%) Ansible
3 164 (1.98%) Opscode Chef
4 161 (1.94%) Puppet
5 132 (1.59%) HP Quality Center
6 124 (1.50%) Terraform
7 65 (0.78%) HP ALM
8 34 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
9 29 (0.35%) Packer
10 24 (0.29%) Kibana
11 21 (0.25%) Consul
12 20 (0.24%) Prometheus
13 19 (0.23%) ITRS Geneos
14 17 (0.21%) Oozie
15 16 (0.19%) Automic
16 14 (0.17%) Hadoop YARN
17 13 (0.16%) CloudHub
17 13 (0.16%) logstash
17 13 (0.16%) Nagios
18 12 (0.14%) AirWatch
Vendors
1 992 (11.97%) Microsoft
2 455 (5.49%) Oracle
3 250 (3.02%) Google
4 247 (2.98%) SAP
5 140 (1.69%) HP
6 130 (1.57%) Salesforce.com
7 106 (1.28%) IBM
8 101 (1.22%) VMware
9 98 (1.18%) Atlassian
10 80 (0.97%) Red Hat
11 71 (0.86%) Tableau
12 64 (0.77%) Splunk
13 62 (0.75%) hybris
14 59 (0.71%) Informatica
15 55 (0.66%) Apple
16 54 (0.65%) ATG
16 54 (0.65%) Cisco
17 53 (0.64%) Adobe
18 50 (0.60%) Sitecore
19 41 (0.49%) WorldPay