Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 52 51 62
Rank change year-on-year -1 +11 -6
Permanent jobs citing QA 6,853 8,375 8,458
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.93% 5.03% 4.79%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 37.03% 38.27% 38.80%
Number of salaries quoted 5,216 6,542 6,083
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 18,506 21,885 21,797
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.30% 13.14% 12.34%
Number of salaries quoted 13,669 16,628 16,149
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £28,000 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing QA.

Salary trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Salary histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 6,327 £52,500 +5.00% 939
UK excluding London +4 3,703 £45,000 - 728
London +1 2,969 £62,500 +4.17% 291
South East -7 1,222 £50,000 +5.26% 187
North of England -3 927 £44,624 +5.00% 211
North West +15 562 £43,250 -2.81% 106
Midlands +10 499 £43,500 -1.14% 114
South West -5 406 £43,156 +1.54% 65
West Midlands +13 288 £45,000 -5.26% 77
East of England -4 281 £47,500 +5.56% 71
Yorkshire -59 249 £45,000 +5.88% 66
Scotland +28 237 £45,000 +12.50% 57
East Midlands +6 210 £40,000 - 37
North East +53 118 £44,812 +19.50% 39
Wales -7 116 £45,000 +20.00% 15
Northern Ireland +13 30 £33,500 -36.19% 7

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for QA.

1 3,787 (55.26%) Agile Software Development
2 2,838 (41.41%) Test Automation
3 1,759 (25.67%) SQL
4 1,611 (23.51%) Java
5 1,510 (22.03%) C#
6 1,416 (20.66%) Selenium
7 1,352 (19.73%) Scrum
8 1,335 (19.48%) Finance
9 1,204 (17.57%) JavaScript
10 1,193 (17.41%) DevOps
11 1,025 (14.96%) .NET
12 1,020 (14.88%) JIRA
13 947 (13.82%) BDD
14 909 (13.26%) Degree
15 900 (13.13%) Microsoft
16 897 (13.09%) SDLC
17 861 (12.56%) Python
18 854 (12.46%) Software Engineering
19 851 (12.42%) Azure
20 850 (12.40%) Problem-Solving
21 833 (12.16%) TDD
22 816 (11.91%) SQL Server
23 764 (11.15%) Git (software)
24 743 (10.84%) Mentoring
25 739 (10.78%) Linux
26 735 (10.73%) Continuous Integration
27 732 (10.68%) AWS
28 633 (9.24%) Manual Testing
29 631 (9.21%) Cucumber
30 627 (9.15%) Test Strategy

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 336 (4.90%) Confluence
2 134 (1.96%) CMS
3 87 (1.27%) IIS
4 70 (1.02%) Apache Spark
5 61 (0.89%) Apache
6 59 (0.86%) SharePoint
7 57 (0.83%) Elasticsearch
8 34 (0.50%) WordPress
9 30 (0.44%) Sitecore CMS
10 29 (0.42%) Tomcat
11 28 (0.41%) nginx
12 27 (0.39%) EPiServer
13 22 (0.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 21 (0.31%) SAS
15 19 (0.28%) Apache Solr
15 19 (0.28%) JBoss
15 19 (0.28%) NServiceBus
15 19 (0.28%) WebLogic
15 19 (0.28%) WebSphere
16 17 (0.25%) Umbraco
Applications
1 154 (2.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 128 (1.87%) Microsoft Office
3 72 (1.05%) Microsoft Project
4 57 (0.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 46 (0.67%) MS Visio
6 29 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
7 21 (0.31%) Sketch
8 19 (0.28%) Photoshop
9 11 (0.16%) Chatbot
10 10 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
11 8 (0.12%) Zeplin
12 7 (0.10%) OmniGraffle
13 6 (0.088%) AutoCAD
14 4 (0.058%) InVision
15 3 (0.044%) FileZilla
16 2 (0.029%) Adobe After Effects
16 2 (0.029%) Fireworks
16 2 (0.029%) Revit
17 1 (0.015%) Doxygen
17 1 (0.015%) MicroStation
Business Applications
1 65 (0.95%) Dynamics CRM
2 49 (0.72%) Payment Gateway
3 30 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
4 29 (0.42%) SAP Hybris
5 23 (0.34%) Oracle ERP
6 18 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
7 14 (0.20%) FastStats
8 13 (0.19%) Magento
9 10 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
9 10 (0.15%) SAP ERP
10 7 (0.10%) Oracle Financials
11 6 (0.088%) WebTrends
12 5 (0.073%) Oracle Retail
13 4 (0.058%) Carpe Diem
13 4 (0.058%) FastStats PeopleStage
13 4 (0.058%) Front Arena
13 4 (0.058%) Markit EDM
13 4 (0.058%) Oracle Applications
13 4 (0.058%) Orchestrade
13 4 (0.058%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 851 (12.42%) Azure
2 732 (10.68%) AWS
3 275 (4.01%) SaaS
4 176 (2.57%) GCP
5 141 (2.06%) GitHub
6 93 (1.36%) Power Platform
7 92 (1.34%) PaaS
8 83 (1.21%) Amazon EC2
9 72 (1.05%) Office 365
9 72 (1.05%) Serverless
10 61 (0.89%) AWS CloudFormation
11 51 (0.74%) BrowserStack
12 49 (0.72%) Cloud Computing
13 47 (0.69%) OpenShift
14 44 (0.64%) AWS Lambda
15 42 (0.61%) Amazon S3
16 41 (0.60%) Amazon SQS
17 39 (0.57%) Sauce Labs
18 35 (0.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 33 (0.48%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 84 (1.23%) Internet
2 71 (1.04%) Firewall
3 60 (0.88%) Broadband
4 48 (0.70%) HTTP
5 46 (0.67%) TCP/IP
6 45 (0.66%) DNS
7 33 (0.48%) DHCP
8 32 (0.47%) LAN
9 30 (0.44%) Wireless
10 24 (0.35%) VPN
11 23 (0.34%) WAN
12 20 (0.29%) Intranet
13 18 (0.26%) Network Security
13 18 (0.26%) Skype
14 17 (0.25%) RS-232
14 17 (0.25%) RS-485
14 17 (0.25%) SSH
14 17 (0.25%) VoIP
15 14 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
15 14 (0.20%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 816 (11.91%) SQL Server
2 246 (3.59%) Relational Database
3 236 (3.44%) MySQL
4 215 (3.14%) Big Data
5 169 (2.47%) Data Warehouse
6 146 (2.13%) NoSQL
7 132 (1.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 127 (1.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 120 (1.75%) MongoDB
10 90 (1.31%) Hadoop
11 88 (1.28%) Oracle Database
11 88 (1.28%) Power BI
12 79 (1.15%) Amazon RDS
13 76 (1.11%) Apache Cassandra
14 70 (1.02%) Redis
15 65 (0.95%) PostgreSQL
16 63 (0.92%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 51 (0.74%) Blockchain
17 51 (0.74%) DB2
18 45 (0.66%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 1,416 (20.66%) Selenium
2 1,020 (14.88%) JIRA
3 764 (11.15%) Git (software)
4 631 (9.21%) Cucumber
5 600 (8.76%) Jenkins
6 446 (6.51%) WebDriver
7 328 (4.79%) SpecFlow
8 248 (3.62%) JMeter
9 243 (3.55%) Team Foundation Server
10 242 (3.53%) TeamCity
11 216 (3.15%) Visual Studio
12 195 (2.85%) SoapUI
13 186 (2.71%) Appium
14 165 (2.41%) Maven
15 160 (2.33%) Visual Studio Team System
16 144 (2.10%) Octopus Deploy
17 139 (2.03%) JUnit
18 119 (1.74%) LoadRunner
19 111 (1.62%) HP UFT
19 111 (1.62%) Subversion
General
1 1,335 (19.48%) Finance
2 413 (6.03%) Retail
3 346 (5.05%) Marketing
4 292 (4.26%) Banking
5 208 (3.04%) Telecoms
6 184 (2.68%) Manufacturing
7 168 (2.45%) Games
8 149 (2.17%) Public Sector
9 96 (1.40%) Law
10 84 (1.23%) Legal
11 77 (1.12%) Aerospace
12 73 (1.07%) Advertising
12 73 (1.07%) Electronics
13 67 (0.98%) Front Office
14 56 (0.82%) Automotive
15 52 (0.76%) Investment Banking
16 43 (0.63%) Military
17 41 (0.60%) Back Office
18 37 (0.54%) Financial Institution
19 30 (0.44%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,297 (18.93%) Developer
2 1,088 (15.88%) Analyst
3 928 (13.54%) QA Engineer
4 667 (9.73%) Tester
5 573 (8.36%) Test Engineer
6 386 (5.63%) QA Analyst
7 368 (5.37%) Test Analyst
8 309 (4.51%) QA Tester
9 264 (3.85%) Senior Developer
10 255 (3.72%) Software Engineer
11 250 (3.65%) Test Automation Engineer
12 242 (3.53%) Business Analyst
13 240 (3.50%) Architect
13 240 (3.50%) Automation Tester
14 231 (3.37%) QA Leader
15 228 (3.33%) Software Developer
16 220 (3.21%) QA Automation Engineer
17 217 (3.17%) Senior QA Engineer
18 207 (3.02%) .NET Developer
19 190 (2.77%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,025 (14.96%) .NET
2 591 (8.62%) HTML
3 492 (7.18%) Web Services
4 486 (7.09%) CSS
5 456 (6.65%) REST
6 430 (6.27%) AngularJS
7 315 (4.60%) ASP.NET
8 304 (4.44%) Node.js
9 287 (4.19%) React
10 286 (4.17%) XML
11 284 (4.14%) SOAP
12 275 (4.01%) RESTful
13 245 (3.58%) Gherkin
14 241 (3.52%) Spring
15 235 (3.43%) HTML5
16 234 (3.41%) JSON
17 221 (3.22%) .NET Framework
18 143 (2.09%) Spring Boot
19 139 (2.03%) jQuery
20 130 (1.90%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 601 (8.77%) Analytical Skills
2 442 (6.45%) Mobile App
3 416 (6.07%) User Experience
4 222 (3.24%) Self-Motivation
5 181 (2.64%) Management Information System
6 152 (2.22%) Enterprise Software
7 143 (2.09%) Greenfield Project
8 110 (1.61%) Algorithms
9 97 (1.42%) Virtual Team
10 90 (1.31%) Client/Server
11 71 (1.04%) Fixed Income
12 64 (0.93%) Embedded Systems
12 64 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
13 62 (0.90%) Derivative
14 61 (0.89%) Hedge funds
15 55 (0.80%) Hybrid Cloud
16 53 (0.77%) Data Structures
17 49 (0.72%) Robotics
18 47 (0.69%) PMI
19 45 (0.66%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 739 (10.78%) Linux
2 559 (8.16%) Windows
3 307 (4.48%) Android
4 293 (4.28%) Unix
5 277 (4.04%) Apple iOS
6 69 (1.01%) Windows Server
7 37 (0.54%) Windows 10
8 30 (0.44%) CentOS
8 30 (0.44%) Tizen
9 28 (0.41%) Windows 7
9 28 (0.41%) Windows 8
10 26 (0.38%) Ubuntu
11 25 (0.36%) Mesosphere
12 19 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 19 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
13 15 (0.22%) AIX
14 11 (0.16%) Debian
14 11 (0.16%) HPUX
14 11 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
15 6 (0.088%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,787 (55.26%) Agile Software Development
2 2,838 (41.41%) Test Automation
3 1,352 (19.73%) Scrum
4 1,193 (17.41%) DevOps
5 947 (13.82%) BDD
6 897 (13.09%) SDLC
7 854 (12.46%) Software Engineering
8 850 (12.40%) Problem-Solving
9 833 (12.16%) TDD
10 743 (10.84%) Mentoring
11 735 (10.73%) Continuous Integration
12 633 (9.24%) Manual Testing
13 627 (9.15%) Test Strategy
14 594 (8.67%) Software Testing
15 592 (8.64%) Test Scripting
16 563 (8.22%) Computer Science
17 560 (8.17%) Project Management
18 436 (6.36%) User Acceptance Testing
19 434 (6.33%) Continuous Improvement
20 431 (6.29%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,759 (25.67%) SQL
2 1,611 (23.51%) Java
3 1,510 (22.03%) C#
4 1,204 (17.57%) JavaScript
5 861 (12.56%) Python
6 269 (3.93%) C++
7 232 (3.39%) PHP
8 204 (2.98%) PowerShell
9 182 (2.66%) C
10 179 (2.61%) Ruby
11 156 (2.28%) T-SQL
12 142 (2.07%) Shell Script
13 141 (2.06%) TypeScript
14 139 (2.03%) Scala
15 132 (1.93%) Bash Shell
16 104 (1.52%) PL/SQL
17 100 (1.46%) Go
18 73 (1.07%) Java 8
19 67 (0.98%) VB.NET
20 54 (0.79%) R
Qualifications
1 909 (13.26%) Degree
2 625 (9.12%) ISTQB
3 375 (5.47%) ISEB
4 248 (3.62%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 228 (3.33%) Computer Science Degree
6 166 (2.42%) Security Cleared
7 93 (1.36%) Microsoft Certification
8 90 (1.31%) PMI Certification
9 87 (1.27%) SC Cleared
10 47 (0.69%) PMP
11 46 (0.67%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 46 (0.67%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 42 (0.61%) HND
13 39 (0.57%) PhD
14 38 (0.55%) MCSE
15 35 (0.51%) MCP
16 32 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
17 23 (0.34%) DBS Check
18 22 (0.32%) CISSP
19 19 (0.28%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 128 (1.87%) PMO
2 69 (1.01%) SLA
3 60 (0.88%) Data Quality
4 55 (0.80%) GDPR
5 46 (0.67%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 27 (0.39%) ISO 9001
7 16 (0.23%) COBIT
8 15 (0.22%) PCI DSS
9 13 (0.19%) IFRS
9 13 (0.19%) ISO 22301
10 12 (0.18%) MiFID
11 11 (0.16%) NIST
12 10 (0.15%) EMIR
13 9 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials
14 8 (0.12%) IEC 62304
15 7 (0.10%) GxP
15 7 (0.10%) WCAG
16 6 (0.088%) COSHH
16 6 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 5 (0.073%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 458 (6.68%) Docker
2 95 (1.39%) Active Directory
3 37 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (0.39%) HDFS
4 27 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
5 22 (0.32%) Microsoft App-V
6 21 (0.31%) Firmware
6 21 (0.31%) XenApp
7 19 (0.28%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.088%) Apache Flume
8 6 (0.088%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 6 (0.088%) Samba
9 5 (0.073%) Varnish
10 4 (0.058%) Job Entry Subsystem
10 4 (0.058%) Time Sharing Option
11 3 (0.044%) IAG
11 3 (0.044%) vSphere
12 2 (0.029%) Virtual Desktop
12 2 (0.029%) VMware Server
12 2 (0.029%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 243 (3.55%) Kubernetes
2 170 (2.48%) Ansible
3 128 (1.87%) Terraform
4 83 (1.21%) Puppet
5 76 (1.11%) Opscode Chef
6 68 (0.99%) HP Quality Center
7 47 (0.69%) HP ALM
7 47 (0.69%) SCCM
8 31 (0.45%) Consul
9 28 (0.41%) Automic
9 28 (0.41%) Prometheus
10 26 (0.38%) Kibana
11 24 (0.35%) Nagios
12 20 (0.29%) CA Service Virtualization
12 20 (0.29%) Packer
13 19 (0.28%) Oozie
14 14 (0.20%) Hadoop YARN
15 11 (0.16%) Microsoft Intune
15 11 (0.16%) Salt
16 10 (0.15%) logstash
Vendors
1 900 (13.13%) Microsoft
2 408 (5.95%) Oracle
3 222 (3.24%) Google
4 144 (2.10%) SAP
5 136 (1.98%) HP
6 106 (1.55%) Atlassian
7 105 (1.53%) Salesforce.com
8 82 (1.20%) WorldPay
9 75 (1.09%) Adobe
10 71 (1.04%) IBM
11 55 (0.80%) VMware
12 52 (0.76%) Splunk
13 49 (0.72%) Cypress Semiconductor
13 49 (0.72%) Sitecore
14 43 (0.63%) Red Hat
15 42 (0.61%) Apple
16 41 (0.60%) Cisco
16 41 (0.60%) hybris
17 38 (0.55%) Tableau
18 37 (0.54%) Xamarin