Period
to 21 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 21 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
21 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 54 56 45
Rank change year-on-year +2 -11 +10
Permanent jobs citing QA 3,962 5,045 7,886
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.70% 4.65% 5.31%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 38.24% 37.60% 37.61%
Number of salaries quoted 2,872 3,884 5,792
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,000
25th Percentile £42,000 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,750
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.26% +0.59%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 10,360 13,418 20,969
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.30% 12.36% 14.12%
Number of salaries quoted 7,216 10,404 15,371
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £27,625
25th Percentile £40,920 £37,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
75th Percentile £70,000 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - -

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing QA.

Salary trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Salary histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 21 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 3,469 £55,000 - 685
UK excluding London -11 2,085 £47,500 +5.56% 502
London 0 1,573 £65,000 - 238
South East -4 740 £50,000 -3.85% 133
Work from Home +3 717 £52,500 -8.70% 141
North of England -5 459 £45,500 +1.11% 111
Midlands -2 320 £47,500 +10.47% 82
North West +15 259 £47,500 -5.00% 62
South West -44 188 £42,500 +6.25% 57
Scotland +10 177 £40,000 -11.11% 35
West Midlands -18 172 £45,000 +4.65% 53
Yorkshire -28 157 £45,500 +13.75% 37
East Midlands +17 146 £47,500 +11.76% 29
East of England +22 119 £48,750 +8.33% 56
North East -13 43 £38,000 -15.56% 12
Northern Ireland +6 36 £42,500 - 7
Wales -3 35 £45,000 +12.50% 20
Isle of Man -3 13 - - 1

For the 6 months to 21 April 2021, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for QA.

1 1,886 (47.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,661 (41.92%) Test Automation
3 877 (22.14%) Selenium
4 873 (22.03%) C#
5 815 (20.57%) JavaScript
6 791 (19.96%) SQL
7 784 (19.79%) Java
8 738 (18.63%) DevOps
9 729 (18.40%) Finance
10 706 (17.82%) Azure
11 663 (16.73%) Software Testing
12 644 (16.25%) Scrum
13 599 (15.12%) .NET
14 579 (14.61%) Problem-Solving
15 578 (14.59%) AWS
16 549 (13.86%) BDD
17 538 (13.58%) Python
18 507 (12.80%) Degree
19 499 (12.59%) Microsoft
20 480 (12.12%) TDD
21 468 (11.81%) Git (software)
22 457 (11.53%) SDLC
23 451 (11.38%) JIRA
24 443 (11.18%) Microservices
25 435 (10.98%) Software Engineering
26 423 (10.68%) SQL Server
27 390 (9.84%) Analytical Skills
28 368 (9.29%) Docker
29 356 (8.99%) HTML
30 345 (8.71%) Mobile App

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 140 (3.53%) Confluence
2 63 (1.59%) Apache Spark
3 56 (1.41%) CMS
4 46 (1.16%) SAS
5 41 (1.03%) Apache
6 34 (0.86%) SharePoint
7 33 (0.83%) Elasticsearch
8 30 (0.76%) IIS
9 15 (0.38%) Red Hat Fuse
10 14 (0.35%) WordPress
11 12 (0.30%) nginx
11 12 (0.30%) Umbraco
12 11 (0.28%) Apache Solr
12 11 (0.28%) Drupal
12 11 (0.28%) MS Exchange
13 9 (0.23%) Headless CMS
14 8 (0.20%) Tomcat
15 6 (0.15%) IBM Domino
16 5 (0.13%) ArcGIS
16 5 (0.13%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 97 (2.45%) Microsoft Office
2 86 (2.17%) Microsoft Excel
3 29 (0.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 29 (0.73%) Spreadsheet
4 24 (0.61%) InVision
4 24 (0.61%) Sketch
5 21 (0.53%) MS Visio
6 13 (0.33%) Figma
7 8 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
8 6 (0.15%) Revit
9 5 (0.13%) AutoCAD
10 3 (0.076%) Photoshop
11 2 (0.050%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.025%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 1 (0.025%) Adobe XD
12 1 (0.025%) Chatbot
12 1 (0.025%) Mingle
12 1 (0.025%) Simulink
12 1 (0.025%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 17 (0.43%) Dynamics NAV
2 16 (0.40%) Dynamics AX
2 16 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
3 13 (0.33%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 11 (0.28%) NetSuite
5 9 (0.23%) Shopify
6 6 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
6 6 (0.15%) Social Studio
7 5 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
8 4 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
8 4 (0.10%) Maximo
8 4 (0.10%) Temenos T24
9 3 (0.076%) Infor M3
9 3 (0.076%) Markit EDM
9 3 (0.076%) Oracle EBS
9 3 (0.076%) PolarLake
9 3 (0.076%) SAP Hybris
10 2 (0.050%) Eikon
10 2 (0.050%) Endur
10 2 (0.050%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 706 (17.82%) Azure
2 578 (14.59%) AWS
3 266 (6.71%) SaaS
4 117 (2.95%) GCP
4 117 (2.95%) Serverless
5 89 (2.25%) Power Platform
6 65 (1.64%) Microsoft 365
7 60 (1.51%) AWS Lambda
7 60 (1.51%) BrowserStack
8 55 (1.39%) Dynamics 365
8 55 (1.39%) GitHub
9 52 (1.31%) Cloud Computing
10 49 (1.24%) PaaS
11 43 (1.09%) Amazon S3
12 40 (1.01%) Amazon EC2
12 40 (1.01%) Azure Data Factory
13 39 (0.98%) IaaS
14 29 (0.73%) Azure Service Bus
15 28 (0.71%) Amazon EKS
16 27 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 61 (1.54%) HTTP
2 59 (1.49%) TCP/IP
3 52 (1.31%) Internet
4 49 (1.24%) Firewall
5 48 (1.21%) Skype
6 25 (0.63%) Wireshark
7 20 (0.50%) DNS
7 20 (0.50%) SSL
8 18 (0.45%) 4G
8 18 (0.45%) Network Security
9 17 (0.43%) SSH
10 16 (0.40%) 2G
10 16 (0.40%) 3G
10 16 (0.40%) VPN
11 15 (0.38%) FTP
11 15 (0.38%) Wireless
12 14 (0.35%) Broadband
13 13 (0.33%) DHCP
13 13 (0.33%) VoIP
14 11 (0.28%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 423 (10.68%) SQL Server
2 161 (4.06%) Relational Database
3 149 (3.76%) NoSQL
4 100 (2.52%) PostgreSQL
5 99 (2.50%) MongoDB
6 91 (2.30%) MySQL
7 86 (2.17%) Data Warehouse
8 81 (2.04%) Big Data
9 80 (2.02%) Power BI
10 76 (1.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 56 (1.41%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 45 (1.14%) Redis
13 43 (1.09%) Blockchain
14 41 (1.03%) Hadoop
15 37 (0.93%) SQL Server 2012
16 32 (0.81%) Amazon RDS
17 29 (0.73%) RDBMS
18 27 (0.68%) Apache Cassandra
18 27 (0.68%) Data Lake
19 24 (0.61%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 877 (22.14%) Selenium
2 468 (11.81%) Git (software)
3 451 (11.38%) JIRA
4 316 (7.98%) Postman
5 307 (7.75%) Cucumber
6 267 (6.74%) SpecFlow
7 247 (6.23%) Jenkins
8 236 (5.96%) Cypress.io
9 179 (4.52%) WebDriver
10 158 (3.99%) Appium
11 128 (3.23%) JMeter
12 123 (3.10%) Visual Studio
13 116 (2.93%) TeamCity
14 90 (2.27%) NUnit
15 80 (2.02%) Protractor
15 80 (2.02%) SoapUI
16 64 (1.62%) REST Assured
17 63 (1.59%) Visual Studio Team System
18 62 (1.56%) JUnit
19 61 (1.54%) GitLab
General
1 729 (18.40%) Finance
2 267 (6.74%) Marketing
3 142 (3.58%) Retail
4 135 (3.41%) Banking
5 133 (3.36%) Games
6 124 (3.13%) Telecoms
7 105 (2.65%) Public Sector
8 94 (2.37%) Manufacturing
9 91 (2.30%) Law
10 74 (1.87%) Pharmaceutical
11 56 (1.41%) Electronics
12 53 (1.34%) Publishing
13 48 (1.21%) Legal
14 42 (1.06%) Advertising
15 34 (0.86%) Financial Institution
16 29 (0.73%) Back Office
17 24 (0.61%) Automotive
18 22 (0.56%) Front Office
19 20 (0.50%) Brand Awareness
20 13 (0.33%) Czech Language
Job Titles
1 774 (19.54%) Developer
2 572 (14.44%) QA Engineer
3 454 (11.46%) Analyst
4 274 (6.92%) Test Engineer
5 256 (6.46%) Tester
6 208 (5.25%) Senior Developer
7 202 (5.10%) Software Engineer
8 185 (4.67%) Automation Engineer
9 177 (4.47%) QA Automation Engineer
10 169 (4.27%) Test Analyst
11 157 (3.96%) QA Leader
12 146 (3.69%) Software Developer
13 144 (3.63%) QA Analyst
14 123 (3.10%) .NET Developer
15 110 (2.78%) Senior QA Engineer
16 104 (2.62%) Business Analyst
16 104 (2.62%) Java Developer
17 101 (2.55%) Automation Tester
18 98 (2.47%) Test Automation Engineer
19 94 (2.37%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 599 (15.12%) .NET
2 356 (8.99%) HTML
3 323 (8.15%) CSS
4 310 (7.82%) React
4 310 (7.82%) REST
5 253 (6.39%) RESTful
6 206 (5.20%) AngularJS
6 206 (5.20%) Node.js
7 178 (4.49%) Gherkin
8 168 (4.24%) Web Services
9 156 (3.94%) XML
10 142 (3.58%) ASP.NET
11 137 (3.46%) .NET Core
12 129 (3.26%) JSON
13 125 (3.15%) HTML5
14 124 (3.13%) Spring
15 121 (3.05%) SOAP
16 117 (2.95%) Vue.js
17 101 (2.55%) Kafka
18 97 (2.45%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 390 (9.84%) Analytical Skills
2 345 (8.71%) Mobile App
3 291 (7.34%) User Experience
4 217 (5.48%) Management Information System
5 164 (4.14%) Self-Motivation
6 146 (3.69%) Organisational Skills
7 83 (2.09%) Greenfield Project
8 78 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
9 60 (1.51%) Virtual Team
10 56 (1.41%) EPoS
11 55 (1.39%) Life Science
12 40 (1.01%) NHS
13 38 (0.96%) Client/Server
14 32 (0.81%) Data Structures
15 28 (0.71%) Algorithms
15 28 (0.71%) Blog
16 27 (0.68%) Derivative
17 26 (0.66%) Cloud Native
18 24 (0.61%) Hybrid Cloud
18 24 (0.61%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 338 (8.53%) Linux
2 252 (6.36%) Windows
3 205 (5.17%) Android
4 202 (5.10%) Apple iOS
5 102 (2.57%) Unix
6 50 (1.26%) Windows Server
7 32 (0.81%) Ubuntu
8 29 (0.73%) Windows 10
9 18 (0.45%) CentOS
10 13 (0.33%) AIX
10 13 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
11 9 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
11 9 (0.23%) Mac OS
11 9 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
12 7 (0.18%) Windows 7
13 6 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 4 (0.10%) VMS
14 4 (0.10%) Windows 8
14 4 (0.10%) Windows Server 2016
14 4 (0.10%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,886 (47.60%) Agile Software Development
2 1,661 (41.92%) Test Automation
3 738 (18.63%) DevOps
4 663 (16.73%) Software Testing
5 644 (16.25%) Scrum
6 579 (14.61%) Problem-Solving
7 549 (13.86%) BDD
8 480 (12.12%) TDD
9 457 (11.53%) SDLC
10 443 (11.18%) Microservices
11 435 (10.98%) Software Engineering
12 323 (8.15%) Continuous Integration
13 317 (8.00%) Fintech
14 309 (7.80%) Test Strategy
15 307 (7.75%) Mentoring
16 299 (7.55%) API Testing
17 298 (7.52%) Computer Science
18 287 (7.24%) SDET
19 283 (7.14%) Continuous Improvement
20 282 (7.12%) Regression Testing
Programming Languages
1 873 (22.03%) C#
2 815 (20.57%) JavaScript
3 791 (19.96%) SQL
4 784 (19.79%) Java
5 538 (13.58%) Python
6 318 (8.03%) TypeScript
7 250 (6.31%) C
8 125 (3.15%) PHP
9 109 (2.75%) C++
10 93 (2.35%) T-SQL
11 84 (2.12%) Scala
12 76 (1.92%) Kotlin
12 76 (1.92%) PowerShell
13 66 (1.67%) Ruby
14 63 (1.59%) Bash Shell
15 58 (1.46%) ES6
16 54 (1.36%) Apple Swift
17 53 (1.34%) Shell Script
18 43 (1.09%) Java 8
19 42 (1.06%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 507 (12.80%) Degree
2 207 (5.22%) ISTQB
3 126 (3.18%) Computer Science Degree
4 118 (2.98%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 114 (2.88%) ISEB
6 86 (2.17%) Security Cleared
7 60 (1.51%) SC Cleared
8 32 (0.81%) Master's Degree
9 26 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
9 26 (0.66%) SANS
10 22 (0.56%) HND
11 15 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
12 14 (0.35%) ITIL Certification
13 13 (0.33%) PhD
14 11 (0.28%) CCNA
14 11 (0.28%) HNC
14 11 (0.28%) MBCS
14 11 (0.28%) PMP
15 10 (0.25%) PMI Certification
16 9 (0.23%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (1.69%) GDPR
2 56 (1.41%) Data Quality
3 43 (1.09%) SLA
4 36 (0.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 33 (0.83%) CDISC
6 32 (0.81%) WCAG
7 23 (0.58%) PMO
8 19 (0.48%) GMP
8 19 (0.48%) GRC
9 18 (0.45%) Good Clinical Practice
9 18 (0.45%) ISO 9001
10 17 (0.43%) PCI DSS
11 11 (0.28%) GxP
11 11 (0.28%) MiFID
12 10 (0.25%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 7 (0.18%) GLP
13 7 (0.18%) ISO 13485
14 6 (0.15%) EMIR
15 5 (0.13%) BS7666
16 4 (0.10%) JTAG
System Software
1 368 (9.29%) Docker
2 53 (1.34%) Active Directory
3 22 (0.56%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (0.43%) Hyper-V
5 13 (0.33%) Firmware
6 8 (0.20%) KVM
7 6 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.10%) LXC
9 2 (0.050%) HDFS
9 2 (0.050%) Snort
9 2 (0.050%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.025%) BitLocker
10 1 (0.025%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (0.025%) Varnish
10 1 (0.025%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.025%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 222 (5.60%) Kubernetes
2 84 (2.12%) Terraform
3 52 (1.31%) Ansible
4 35 (0.88%) Puppet
5 26 (0.66%) HP Quality Center
6 18 (0.45%) Opscode Chef
7 16 (0.40%) ZABBIX
8 14 (0.35%) Grafana
9 13 (0.33%) Failover Clustering
10 10 (0.25%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 9 (0.23%) Kibana
11 9 (0.23%) Microsoft Intune
12 8 (0.20%) FlexNet
12 8 (0.20%) HP Fortify
12 8 (0.20%) Prometheus
13 5 (0.13%) Nagios
14 4 (0.10%) Microsoft Clustering
14 4 (0.10%) Perfmon
14 4 (0.10%) SCCM
14 4 (0.10%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 499 (12.59%) Microsoft
2 119 (3.00%) Google
3 111 (2.80%) Salesforce.com
4 105 (2.65%) Oracle
5 79 (1.99%) SAP
6 51 (1.29%) Xamarin
7 50 (1.26%) Atlassian
8 40 (1.01%) VMware
9 38 (0.96%) HP
10 37 (0.93%) Red Hat
11 36 (0.91%) Apple
12 31 (0.78%) Cisco
13 30 (0.76%) IBM
14 27 (0.68%) Adobe
15 24 (0.61%) ServiceNow
16 19 (0.48%) Databricks
17 18 (0.45%) Remedy
18 17 (0.43%) Samsung
19 15 (0.38%) Bloomberg
19 15 (0.38%) JD Edwards