Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 52 60 54
Rank change year-on-year +8 -6 -3
Permanent jobs citing QA 5,837 3,149 7,238
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.19% 4.45% 4.98%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 36.25% 34.53% 35.38%
Number of salaries quoted 3,721 2,488 5,489
10th Percentile £34,250 £31,250 £31,450
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £51,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.84% +2.00%
75th Percentile £72,000 £70,000 £66,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 16,103 9,119 20,456
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.31% 12.90% 14.08%
Number of salaries quoted 9,965 7,041 15,183
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,500
25th Percentile £41,185 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £53,750 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £71,250 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing QA.

Salary trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Salary histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 5,056 £55,000 - 889
UK excluding London -3 2,709 £47,500 - 633
London +10 2,654 £65,000 - 312
Work from Home +6 1,080 £52,500 -4.55% 196
South East -5 877 £50,000 -2.91% 132
North of England -16 560 £47,500 - 179
Midlands +19 466 £45,000 +5.88% 124
North West -8 305 £45,000 -10.00% 98
West Midlands +10 271 £42,750 +1.79% 68
Scotland +17 261 £42,500 -10.53% 33
South West -30 243 £47,500 +22.58% 64
Yorkshire -20 219 £47,500 +5.56% 53
East Midlands +20 194 £47,500 +9.20% 56
East of England +1 150 £50,000 +11.11% 72
Northern Ireland +17 105 £75,000 +76.47% 13
North East -10 37 £48,750 +8.33% 28
Wales -14 35 £38,750 -7.74% 16
Isle of Man - 17 - -

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for QA.

1 2,984 (51.12%) Agile Software Development
2 2,442 (41.84%) Test Automation
3 1,526 (26.14%) Social Skills
4 1,381 (23.66%) Java
5 1,335 (22.87%) JavaScript
6 1,253 (21.47%) C#
7 1,237 (21.19%) SQL
8 1,210 (20.73%) Finance
9 1,178 (20.18%) AWS
10 1,172 (20.08%) Selenium
11 1,138 (19.50%) DevOps
12 1,077 (18.45%) Azure
13 939 (16.09%) Scrum
14 936 (16.04%) Software Engineering
15 910 (15.59%) Software Testing
16 900 (15.42%) Python
17 867 (14.85%) BDD
18 860 (14.73%) .NET
19 788 (13.50%) Degree
20 783 (13.41%) Problem-Solving
21 769 (13.17%) Microservices
22 766 (13.12%) Git (software)
23 753 (12.90%) TDD
24 741 (12.69%) Docker
25 692 (11.86%) JIRA
26 683 (11.70%) Microsoft
27 646 (11.07%) SDLC
28 615 (10.54%) React
29 591 (10.13%) Continuous Integration
29 591 (10.13%) SQL Server

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 199 (3.41%) Confluence
2 89 (1.52%) CMS
3 79 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
4 67 (1.15%) Apache Spark
5 61 (1.05%) SharePoint
6 50 (0.86%) SAS
7 38 (0.65%) Drupal
8 37 (0.63%) WordPress
9 36 (0.62%) IIS
10 33 (0.57%) Apache
11 23 (0.39%) Apache Airflow
12 14 (0.24%) Apache Solr
12 14 (0.24%) Traefik
13 12 (0.21%) Documentum
13 12 (0.21%) nginx
14 11 (0.19%) Mule
15 10 (0.17%) Mule ESB
15 10 (0.17%) Red Hat Fuse
16 9 (0.15%) MS Exchange
17 6 (0.10%) Tomcat
Applications
1 153 (2.62%) Microsoft Office
2 137 (2.35%) Microsoft Excel
3 49 (0.84%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 43 (0.74%) MS Visio
5 33 (0.57%) Spreadsheet
6 25 (0.43%) InVision
6 25 (0.43%) Sketch
7 23 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
8 20 (0.34%) Campfire
9 13 (0.22%) Figma
10 11 (0.19%) AutoCAD
11 9 (0.15%) Revit
12 8 (0.14%) Chatbot
13 5 (0.086%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 4 (0.069%) Mingle
15 2 (0.034%) Photoshop
16 1 (0.017%) Adobe Illustrator
16 1 (0.017%) Adobe XD
16 1 (0.017%) Simulink
16 1 (0.017%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 27 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
2 26 (0.45%) Magento
3 17 (0.29%) Shopify
4 16 (0.27%) Distributed Ledger
4 16 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
5 14 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
5 14 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
5 14 (0.24%) R3 Corda
6 13 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
6 13 (0.22%) NetSuite
7 11 (0.19%) Maximo
8 10 (0.17%) Infor M3
9 9 (0.15%) Social Studio
10 8 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
11 7 (0.12%) SAP Business One
11 7 (0.12%) TrackWise
12 6 (0.10%) WebTrends
13 5 (0.086%) SAP S/4HANA
13 5 (0.086%) Summit
14 4 (0.069%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,178 (20.18%) AWS
2 1,077 (18.45%) Azure
3 429 (7.35%) SaaS
4 322 (5.52%) Serverless
5 299 (5.12%) GCP
6 177 (3.03%) GitHub
7 167 (2.86%) AWS Lambda
8 143 (2.45%) Power Platform
9 121 (2.07%) Amazon ECS
10 90 (1.54%) Amazon EC2
11 88 (1.51%) Cloud Computing
12 72 (1.23%) Amazon S3
13 69 (1.18%) BrowserStack
14 67 (1.15%) Microsoft 365
14 67 (1.15%) PaaS
15 62 (1.06%) Amazon SQS
16 52 (0.89%) Dynamics 365
17 49 (0.84%) AWS CloudFormation
18 45 (0.77%) npm
19 44 (0.75%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 205 (3.51%) HTTP
2 81 (1.39%) Internet
3 58 (0.99%) TCP/IP
4 56 (0.96%) Broadband
5 47 (0.81%) SSL
6 44 (0.75%) Firewall
7 34 (0.58%) DNS
8 32 (0.55%) SSH
9 29 (0.50%) 4G
10 27 (0.46%) 2G
10 27 (0.46%) 3G
10 27 (0.46%) Network Security
11 21 (0.36%) Wireshark
12 20 (0.34%) VPN
13 18 (0.31%) Bluetooth
13 18 (0.31%) RNC
14 16 (0.27%) 5G
15 14 (0.24%) DHCP
16 13 (0.22%) Skype
16 13 (0.22%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 591 (10.13%) SQL Server
2 362 (6.20%) NoSQL
3 296 (5.07%) Relational Database
4 290 (4.97%) PostgreSQL
5 186 (3.19%) MongoDB
6 138 (2.36%) Big Data
7 133 (2.28%) MySQL
8 122 (2.09%) Power BI
9 115 (1.97%) Data Warehouse
10 113 (1.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 99 (1.70%) Redis
12 84 (1.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 82 (1.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 74 (1.27%) Amazon Aurora
15 70 (1.20%) RDBMS
16 69 (1.18%) Amazon Athena
16 69 (1.18%) Blockchain
17 52 (0.89%) DB2
18 47 (0.81%) Amazon RDS
18 47 (0.81%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,172 (20.08%) Selenium
2 766 (13.12%) Git (software)
3 692 (11.86%) JIRA
4 553 (9.47%) Jenkins
5 531 (9.10%) Postman
6 474 (8.12%) Cucumber
7 378 (6.48%) Cypress.io
8 330 (5.65%) SpecFlow
9 306 (5.24%) JMeter
10 241 (4.13%) WebDriver
11 199 (3.41%) REST Assured
12 182 (3.12%) TeamCity
13 147 (2.52%) Appium
14 142 (2.43%) Visual Studio
15 131 (2.24%) NUnit
16 129 (2.21%) Newman
17 120 (2.06%) Octopus Deploy
18 108 (1.85%) JUnit
19 104 (1.78%) SoapUI
20 103 (1.76%) Eclipse
General
1 1,526 (26.14%) Social Skills
2 1,210 (20.73%) Finance
3 553 (9.47%) Analytical Skills
4 332 (5.69%) Marketing
5 303 (5.19%) Retail
6 273 (4.68%) Banking
7 191 (3.27%) Games
7 191 (3.27%) Organisational Skills
8 188 (3.22%) Law
9 151 (2.59%) Telecoms
10 139 (2.38%) Manufacturing
11 128 (2.19%) Influencing Skills
12 122 (2.09%) Public Sector
13 121 (2.07%) Pharmaceutical
14 118 (2.02%) Legal
15 105 (1.80%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 104 (1.78%) Presentation Skills
17 69 (1.18%) Publishing
18 67 (1.15%) Electronics
19 58 (0.99%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,051 (18.01%) Developer
2 730 (12.51%) Analyst
3 694 (11.89%) QA Engineer
4 472 (8.09%) Software Engineer
5 359 (6.15%) Test Engineer
6 341 (5.84%) Tester
7 293 (5.02%) Test Analyst
8 249 (4.27%) Automation Engineer
9 245 (4.20%) QA Automation Engineer
10 221 (3.79%) Senior Developer
11 198 (3.39%) Java Developer
12 197 (3.38%) QA Leader
13 165 (2.83%) Business Analyst
14 163 (2.79%) QA Analyst
15 161 (2.76%) Automation Test Analyst
15 161 (2.76%) Test Automation Engineer
16 156 (2.67%) .NET Developer
17 148 (2.54%) Full Stack Developer
18 141 (2.42%) Architect
18 141 (2.42%) Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 860 (14.73%) .NET
2 615 (10.54%) React
3 555 (9.51%) HTML
4 553 (9.47%) RESTful
5 542 (9.29%) REST
6 476 (8.15%) CSS
7 459 (7.86%) AngularJS
8 413 (7.08%) Node.js
9 368 (6.30%) Web Services
10 256 (4.39%) .NET Core
11 229 (3.92%) Spring
12 205 (3.51%) XML
13 201 (3.44%) Gherkin
14 196 (3.36%) ASP.NET
15 195 (3.34%) Kafka
16 194 (3.32%) HTML5
17 182 (3.12%) JSON
18 172 (2.95%) Vue.js
19 162 (2.78%) GraphQL
20 149 (2.55%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 467 (8.00%) User Experience
2 432 (7.40%) Mobile App
3 230 (3.94%) Management Information System
4 226 (3.87%) Self-Motivation
5 136 (2.33%) Greenfield Project
6 133 (2.28%) Derivative
7 131 (2.24%) Enterprise Software
8 106 (1.82%) Hedge funds
9 93 (1.59%) Life Science
10 86 (1.47%) Virtual Team
11 58 (0.99%) Fixed Income
12 56 (0.96%) Client/Server
12 56 (0.96%) Cloud Native
13 54 (0.93%) Video\Live Streaming
14 53 (0.91%) EPoS
15 51 (0.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 48 (0.82%) Algorithms
16 48 (0.82%) Pricing Data
17 47 (0.81%) Data Structures
18 44 (0.75%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 444 (7.61%) Linux
2 312 (5.35%) Windows
3 257 (4.40%) Android
4 205 (3.51%) Apple iOS
5 167 (2.86%) Unix
6 39 (0.67%) Windows Server
7 34 (0.58%) Windows 10
8 25 (0.43%) Ubuntu
9 22 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 19 (0.33%) CentOS
11 11 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
12 10 (0.17%) Embedded Linux
13 9 (0.15%) AIX
14 8 (0.14%) Kali Linux
15 7 (0.12%) Solaris
15 7 (0.12%) zOS
16 6 (0.10%) Windows 7
16 6 (0.10%) Windows Server 2016
17 5 (0.086%) Windows Server 2008
18 3 (0.051%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,984 (51.12%) Agile Software Development
2 2,442 (41.84%) Test Automation
3 1,138 (19.50%) DevOps
4 939 (16.09%) Scrum
5 936 (16.04%) Software Engineering
6 910 (15.59%) Software Testing
7 867 (14.85%) BDD
8 783 (13.41%) Problem-Solving
9 769 (13.17%) Microservices
10 753 (12.90%) TDD
11 646 (11.07%) SDLC
12 591 (10.13%) Continuous Integration
13 548 (9.39%) Mentoring
14 528 (9.05%) Continuous Improvement
15 517 (8.86%) Computer Science
16 516 (8.84%) API Testing
17 480 (8.22%) Fintech
18 456 (7.81%) Test Strategy
19 440 (7.54%) Analytics
20 433 (7.42%) Regression Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,381 (23.66%) Java
2 1,335 (22.87%) JavaScript
3 1,253 (21.47%) C#
4 1,237 (21.19%) SQL
5 900 (15.42%) Python
6 481 (8.24%) TypeScript
7 255 (4.37%) C
8 211 (3.61%) PHP
9 199 (3.41%) C++
10 110 (1.88%) Bash Shell
11 109 (1.87%) T-SQL
12 107 (1.83%) Kotlin
13 105 (1.80%) Scala
14 103 (1.76%) Ruby
15 101 (1.73%) Java 8
16 97 (1.66%) ES6
17 93 (1.59%) PowerShell
18 74 (1.27%) Go
19 57 (0.98%) Shell Script
20 49 (0.84%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 788 (13.50%) Degree
2 287 (4.92%) ISTQB
3 253 (4.33%) Security Cleared
4 250 (4.28%) Computer Science Degree
5 197 (3.38%) SC Cleared
6 149 (2.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 130 (2.23%) ISEB
8 87 (1.49%) Master's Degree
9 35 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
10 34 (0.58%) ITIL Certification
11 33 (0.57%) PhD
11 33 (0.57%) SANS
12 30 (0.51%) HND
13 23 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
14 20 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
15 18 (0.31%) HNC
15 18 (0.31%) MBA
15 18 (0.31%) MBCS
16 14 (0.24%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
17 13 (0.22%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 129 (2.21%) GDPR
2 113 (1.94%) Accessibility
3 68 (1.16%) SLA
4 67 (1.15%) Data Quality
5 63 (1.08%) WCAG
6 45 (0.77%) PMO
7 39 (0.67%) GMP
8 35 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 32 (0.55%) CDISC
9 32 (0.55%) MiFID
10 30 (0.51%) EMIR
11 23 (0.39%) GRC
11 23 (0.39%) PCI DSS
12 20 (0.34%) ISO 9001
13 13 (0.22%) Good Clinical Practice
14 10 (0.17%) GxP
15 8 (0.14%) GLP
15 8 (0.14%) ISO 13485
16 7 (0.12%) NIST
16 7 (0.12%) P3O
System Software
1 741 (12.69%) Docker
2 44 (0.75%) Active Directory
3 27 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (0.31%) Firmware
5 17 (0.29%) Hyper-V
6 15 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
7 8 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 8 (0.14%) LXC
8 6 (0.10%) KVM
9 3 (0.051%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.034%) BitLocker
10 2 (0.034%) HDFS
10 2 (0.034%) Snort
10 2 (0.034%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.017%) NFS
11 1 (0.017%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.017%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 501 (8.58%) Kubernetes
2 251 (4.30%) Terraform
3 87 (1.49%) Ansible
4 43 (0.74%) Puppet
5 36 (0.62%) Opscode Chef
6 35 (0.60%) Grafana
7 28 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
8 18 (0.31%) Prometheus
9 16 (0.27%) ZABBIX
10 15 (0.26%) HP Fortify
10 15 (0.26%) Kibana
11 10 (0.17%) HP ALM
12 9 (0.15%) Consul
12 9 (0.15%) Istio
13 8 (0.14%) FlexNet
13 8 (0.14%) Nessus
13 8 (0.14%) Nmap
13 8 (0.14%) Packer
13 8 (0.14%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
14 7 (0.12%) SCCM
Vendors
1 683 (11.70%) Microsoft
2 266 (4.56%) Google
3 233 (3.99%) Oracle
4 148 (2.54%) Salesforce.com
5 116 (1.99%) SAP
6 93 (1.59%) Samsung
7 87 (1.49%) Atlassian
8 66 (1.13%) Red Hat
9 60 (1.03%) Adobe
10 53 (0.91%) HP
11 48 (0.82%) Sybase
11 48 (0.82%) VMware
12 41 (0.70%) Spotify
13 38 (0.65%) Xamarin
14 35 (0.60%) Cisco
15 34 (0.58%) Conga
16 32 (0.55%) IBM
17 31 (0.53%) Remedy
18 28 (0.48%) ServiceNow
19 27 (0.46%) Apple