Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 51 58 53
Rank change year-on-year +7 -5 -7
Permanent jobs citing QA 7,121 2,922 5,972
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 5.56% 4.62% 4.75%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 35.65% 36.28% 35.81%
Number of salaries quoted 4,397 2,309 4,616
10th Percentile £35,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,250 £39,232
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £52,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £68,750 £68,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £82,500 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 19,976 8,053 16,676
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.60% 12.73% 13.25%
Number of salaries quoted 12,232 6,019 12,905
10th Percentile £31,000 £31,250 £28,745
25th Percentile £40,750 £41,250 £36,273
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
75th Percentile £72,500 £68,938 £68,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £83,750 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing QA.

Salary trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +8 6,160 £57,500 +4.55% 945
London +12 3,220 £67,500 +8.00% 376
UK excluding London +12 3,162 £50,000 - 649
Work from Home +24 1,609 £57,500 +9.52% 192
South East -2 990 £55,000 +10.00% 157
North of England +18 715 £46,250 +2.78% 156
Midlands +10 480 £45,500 +1.11% 115
North West +4 368 £47,500 -5.00% 81
East of England +54 326 £52,000 +15.56% 70
South West +19 325 £48,500 +24.36% 69
West Midlands +4 275 £47,500 +5.56% 74
Yorkshire +19 242 £47,500 +16.14% 46
Scotland -5 223 £47,500 -5.00% 59
East Midlands +3 202 £45,000 -5.26% 40
North East +15 106 £42,500 +6.25% 29
Wales -8 70 £42,500 - 16
Northern Ireland +9 63 £45,000 +5.88% 9

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for QA.

1 3,941 (55.34%) Agile Software Development
2 2,519 (35.37%) Test Automation
3 1,807 (25.38%) JavaScript
4 1,606 (22.55%) Java
5 1,602 (22.50%) Software Engineering
6 1,567 (22.01%) Social Skills
7 1,561 (21.92%) DevOps
8 1,550 (21.77%) Azure
9 1,522 (21.37%) SQL
10 1,507 (21.16%) Finance
11 1,442 (20.25%) C#
12 1,409 (19.79%) AWS
13 1,396 (19.60%) CI/CD
14 1,270 (17.83%) Selenium
15 1,244 (17.47%) Scrum
16 1,173 (16.47%) Python
17 1,135 (15.94%) Problem-Solving
18 1,116 (15.67%) .NET
19 1,090 (15.31%) Git (software)
20 998 (14.01%) React
21 948 (13.31%) Software Testing
22 930 (13.06%) Degree
23 926 (13.00%) Microservices
24 921 (12.93%) TDD
25 861 (12.09%) Docker
26 827 (11.61%) SQL Server
27 809 (11.36%) HTML
28 806 (11.32%) Continuous Integration
29 791 (11.11%) Mentoring
30 769 (10.80%) Microsoft

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 265 (3.72%) Confluence
2 175 (2.46%) Elasticsearch
3 148 (2.08%) CMS
4 126 (1.77%) SharePoint
5 57 (0.80%) Apache Spark
6 46 (0.65%) Apache
7 40 (0.56%) IIS
8 27 (0.38%) Drupal
8 27 (0.38%) SAS
9 23 (0.32%) Apache Solr
9 23 (0.32%) MS Exchange
10 22 (0.31%) Jupyter
11 21 (0.29%) Apache Airflow
12 19 (0.27%) WordPress
13 18 (0.25%) Ethereum
14 16 (0.22%) Umbraco
15 14 (0.20%) IBM Domino
16 13 (0.18%) Camunda
17 12 (0.17%) EPiServer
18 9 (0.13%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 192 (2.70%) Microsoft Office
2 137 (1.92%) Microsoft Excel
3 81 (1.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 59 (0.83%) MS Visio
5 57 (0.80%) Sketch
6 49 (0.69%) Spreadsheet
7 26 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
8 20 (0.28%) Photoshop
9 19 (0.27%) Chatbot
10 18 (0.25%) InVision
11 16 (0.22%) Campfire
12 14 (0.20%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 11 (0.15%) Zeplin
14 8 (0.11%) Windchill
15 6 (0.084%) Lectora
16 5 (0.070%) Acrobat
17 4 (0.056%) AutoCAD
17 4 (0.056%) Revit
18 3 (0.042%) PlantUML
19 2 (0.028%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 35 (0.49%) Oracle ERP
2 34 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
3 23 (0.32%) Shopify
4 19 (0.27%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 17 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
6 16 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
7 15 (0.21%) Magento
8 11 (0.15%) NetSuite
9 10 (0.14%) Adobe Campaign
9 10 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
9 10 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
10 9 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
10 9 (0.13%) TrackWise
11 8 (0.11%) SAP MM
11 8 (0.11%) SAP R/3
12 6 (0.084%) JDE EnterpriseOne
13 5 (0.070%) SAP CO
13 5 (0.070%) SAP FI
13 5 (0.070%) SAP FI/CO
13 5 (0.070%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 1,550 (21.77%) Azure
2 1,409 (19.79%) AWS
3 502 (7.05%) GCP
4 491 (6.90%) SaaS
5 407 (5.72%) Serverless
6 287 (4.03%) GitHub
7 218 (3.06%) AWS Lambda
8 181 (2.54%) Power Platform
9 151 (2.12%) Amazon EC2
10 137 (1.92%) Amazon ECS
11 98 (1.38%) Slack
12 95 (1.33%) Amazon SQS
13 92 (1.29%) Microsoft 365
14 84 (1.18%) PaaS
15 75 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
16 70 (0.98%) Azure Service Bus
17 68 (0.95%) AWS CloudFormation
18 65 (0.91%) BrowserStack
19 64 (0.90%) Amazon S3
20 53 (0.74%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 151 (2.12%) HTTP
2 74 (1.04%) Broadband
3 46 (0.65%) TCP/IP
4 44 (0.62%) Network Security
5 39 (0.55%) Firewall
6 38 (0.53%) Internet
7 29 (0.41%) MQTT
8 26 (0.37%) VPN
9 19 (0.27%) Wireless
10 16 (0.22%) Skype
10 16 (0.22%) SMTP
10 16 (0.22%) VoIP
11 14 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
12 13 (0.18%) SNA
13 12 (0.17%) WAN
14 11 (0.15%) DNS
15 10 (0.14%) Extranet
15 10 (0.14%) FTP
15 10 (0.14%) PuTTY
16 8 (0.11%) 4G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 827 (11.61%) SQL Server
2 385 (5.41%) NoSQL
3 353 (4.96%) PostgreSQL
4 342 (4.80%) Relational Database
5 275 (3.86%) MySQL
6 219 (3.08%) MongoDB
7 207 (2.91%) Big Data
8 172 (2.42%) Redis
9 155 (2.18%) Power BI
10 138 (1.94%) Data Warehouse
11 114 (1.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 113 (1.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 105 (1.47%) Amazon Aurora
14 91 (1.28%) RDBMS
15 85 (1.19%) Amazon Athena
16 75 (1.05%) Blockchain
17 69 (0.97%) Tableau
18 53 (0.74%) Amazon RDS
19 48 (0.67%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 42 (0.59%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 1,270 (17.83%) Selenium
2 1,090 (15.31%) Git (software)
3 737 (10.35%) JIRA
4 734 (10.31%) Jenkins
5 582 (8.17%) Postman
6 547 (7.68%) Cucumber
7 454 (6.38%) Cypress.io
8 342 (4.80%) SpecFlow
9 266 (3.74%) JMeter
10 252 (3.54%) WebDriver
11 223 (3.13%) Team Foundation Server
12 207 (2.91%) TeamCity
13 205 (2.88%) JUnit
14 172 (2.42%) GitLab
15 161 (2.26%) Appium
16 142 (1.99%) Octopus Deploy
17 132 (1.85%) REST Assured
18 130 (1.83%) Bitbucket
19 119 (1.67%) Visual Studio
20 115 (1.61%) Maven
General
1 1,567 (22.01%) Social Skills
2 1,507 (21.16%) Finance
3 749 (10.52%) Analytical Skills
4 417 (5.86%) Marketing
5 396 (5.56%) Retail
6 343 (4.82%) Banking
7 215 (3.02%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 214 (3.01%) Games
8 214 (3.01%) Public Sector
9 195 (2.74%) Organisational Skills
10 176 (2.47%) Manufacturing
11 169 (2.37%) Telecoms
12 168 (2.36%) Legal
13 159 (2.23%) Law
14 138 (1.94%) Pharmaceutical
15 135 (1.90%) Presentation Skills
16 112 (1.57%) Advertising
17 105 (1.47%) Publishing
18 72 (1.01%) Influencing Skills
19 70 (0.98%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1,585 (22.26%) Developer
2 863 (12.12%) Analyst
3 815 (11.45%) QA Engineer
4 725 (10.18%) Software Engineer
5 399 (5.60%) Senior Developer
6 363 (5.10%) Tester
7 313 (4.40%) Test Engineer
8 286 (4.02%) Test Analyst
9 273 (3.83%) Java Developer
10 269 (3.78%) Software Developer
11 260 (3.65%) Automation Engineer
12 241 (3.38%) .NET Developer
13 229 (3.22%) QA Automation Engineer
14 225 (3.16%) Full Stack Developer
15 224 (3.15%) Senior QA Engineer
16 206 (2.89%) Senior Software Engineer
17 200 (2.81%) Java Engineer
18 194 (2.72%) Architect
19 184 (2.58%) Junior
20 177 (2.49%) QA Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,116 (15.67%) .NET
2 998 (14.01%) React
3 809 (11.36%) HTML
4 751 (10.55%) CSS
5 740 (10.39%) REST
6 598 (8.40%) Node.js
7 510 (7.16%) AngularJS
8 465 (6.53%) RESTful
9 388 (5.45%) Web Services
10 365 (5.13%) XML
11 354 (4.97%) Spring
12 327 (4.59%) ASP.NET
13 324 (4.55%) .NET Core
14 296 (4.16%) JSON
15 295 (4.14%) .NET Framework
16 284 (3.99%) Kafka
17 270 (3.79%) HTML5
18 226 (3.17%) Vue.js
19 216 (3.03%) Spring Boot
20 200 (2.81%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 768 (10.79%) User Experience
2 379 (5.32%) Self-Motivation
3 313 (4.40%) Mobile App
4 283 (3.97%) Management Information System
5 245 (3.44%) Enterprise Software
6 179 (2.51%) Algorithms
7 161 (2.26%) Hedge funds
8 142 (1.99%) Greenfield Project
9 117 (1.64%) Cloud Native
10 110 (1.54%) Legacy Code
11 108 (1.52%) Virtual Team
12 103 (1.45%) Data Structures
12 103 (1.45%) Life Science
13 101 (1.42%) Social Media
14 89 (1.25%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 77 (1.08%) Pricing Data
16 65 (0.91%) Data Protection Act
16 65 (0.91%) Public Cloud
17 63 (0.88%) Blog
17 63 (0.88%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 483 (6.78%) Linux
2 436 (6.12%) Windows
3 236 (3.31%) Android
4 192 (2.70%) Apple iOS
5 136 (1.91%) Unix
6 101 (1.42%) Windows Server
7 38 (0.53%) Mac OS
8 18 (0.25%) Windows 10
9 15 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 15 (0.21%) Ubuntu
10 14 (0.20%) VMS
11 10 (0.14%) Solaris
12 9 (0.13%) Embedded Linux
13 6 (0.084%) Windows Server 2008
13 6 (0.084%) Windows Server 2012
13 6 (0.084%) Windows Server 2016
14 5 (0.070%) AIX
14 5 (0.070%) HPUX
15 4 (0.056%) FreeBSD
16 3 (0.042%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,941 (55.34%) Agile Software Development
2 2,519 (35.37%) Test Automation
3 1,602 (22.50%) Software Engineering
4 1,561 (21.92%) DevOps
5 1,396 (19.60%) CI/CD
6 1,244 (17.47%) Scrum
7 1,135 (15.94%) Problem-Solving
8 948 (13.31%) Software Testing
9 926 (13.00%) Microservices
10 921 (12.93%) TDD
11 806 (11.32%) Continuous Integration
12 791 (11.11%) Mentoring
13 749 (10.52%) Full Stack Development
14 744 (10.45%) SDLC
15 677 (9.51%) BDD
16 618 (8.68%) Computer Science
17 600 (8.43%) Analytics
18 578 (8.12%) Project Management
19 560 (7.86%) Coaching
20 546 (7.67%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 1,807 (25.38%) JavaScript
2 1,606 (22.55%) Java
3 1,522 (21.37%) SQL
4 1,442 (20.25%) C#
5 1,173 (16.47%) Python
6 682 (9.58%) TypeScript
7 263 (3.69%) C++
8 256 (3.60%) PHP
9 255 (3.58%) C
10 163 (2.29%) Bash
11 154 (2.16%) PowerShell
11 154 (2.16%) Ruby
12 143 (2.01%) Scala
13 135 (1.90%) ES6
14 133 (1.87%) T-SQL
15 111 (1.56%) Kotlin
16 103 (1.45%) Go
17 69 (0.97%) R
18 68 (0.95%) Java 8
19 58 (0.81%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 930 (13.06%) Degree
2 338 (4.75%) ISTQB
3 317 (4.45%) Computer Science Degree
4 220 (3.09%) Security Cleared
5 169 (2.37%) ISEB
6 162 (2.27%) SC Cleared
7 146 (2.05%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 89 (1.25%) Master's Degree
9 61 (0.86%) HNC
10 54 (0.76%) HND
11 37 (0.52%) DBS Check
12 33 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
13 31 (0.44%) CISSP
14 23 (0.32%) PMI Certification
15 22 (0.31%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 21 (0.29%) CISM
16 21 (0.29%) PhD
16 21 (0.29%) SANS
17 20 (0.28%) APMG
18 18 (0.25%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 213 (2.99%) Accessibility
2 153 (2.15%) Data Quality
3 131 (1.84%) GDPR
4 81 (1.14%) SLA
5 65 (0.91%) PMO
6 58 (0.81%) WCAG
7 37 (0.52%) ISO 13485
8 34 (0.48%) Good Clinical Practice
9 33 (0.46%) NIST
10 32 (0.45%) GMP
11 30 (0.42%) EMIR
12 29 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 23 (0.32%) GxP
14 22 (0.31%) IEC 62304
15 21 (0.29%) MiFID
16 17 (0.24%) ISO 9001
17 16 (0.22%) P3O
18 15 (0.21%) 21 CFR Part 11
19 13 (0.18%) HIPAA
20 12 (0.17%) GLP
System Software
1 861 (12.09%) Docker
2 93 (1.31%) Firmware
3 67 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
4 62 (0.87%) Active Directory
5 42 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 36 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
7 9 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
8 8 (0.11%) Hyper-V
9 4 (0.056%) VMware NSX
10 3 (0.042%) Ceph
10 3 (0.042%) NFS
10 3 (0.042%) VMware Workstation
10 3 (0.042%) vSphere
11 2 (0.028%) GridGain
11 2 (0.028%) Terminal Services
12 1 (0.014%) Apache Flume
12 1 (0.014%) IAG
12 1 (0.014%) Microsoft App-V
12 1 (0.014%) RACF
12 1 (0.014%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 688 (9.66%) Kubernetes
2 470 (6.60%) Terraform
3 145 (2.04%) Ansible
4 78 (1.10%) Grafana
5 68 (0.95%) Opscode Chef
6 55 (0.77%) Puppet
7 54 (0.76%) Kibana
8 45 (0.63%) HP Quality Center
8 45 (0.63%) Prometheus
9 26 (0.37%) HP ALM
10 25 (0.35%) MIIS
11 24 (0.34%) ZABBIX
12 20 (0.28%) logstash
12 20 (0.28%) Pingdom
13 19 (0.27%) HAProxy
13 19 (0.27%) Opsgenie
14 16 (0.22%) SCCM
15 14 (0.20%) HP Fortify
16 13 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
17 12 (0.17%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 769 (10.80%) Microsoft
2 320 (4.49%) Google
3 248 (3.48%) Oracle
4 165 (2.32%) Salesforce.com
5 143 (2.01%) SAP
6 69 (0.97%) Atlassian
7 67 (0.94%) Cognizant
8 60 (0.84%) HP
9 58 (0.81%) Xamarin
10 52 (0.73%) Adobe
11 49 (0.69%) IBM
11 49 (0.69%) New Relic
12 48 (0.67%) Splunk
12 48 (0.67%) VMware
13 36 (0.51%) LexisNexis
14 30 (0.42%) YouTube
15 29 (0.41%) RedGate
15 29 (0.41%) ServiceNow
16 27 (0.38%) HubSpot
16 27 (0.38%) JD Edwards