Period
to 16 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 16 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 56 52 45
Rank change year-on-year -4 -7 +13
Permanent jobs citing QA 2,847 6,005 7,953
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 4.57% 4.76% 5.26%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 38.19% 37.82% 37.96%
Number of salaries quoted 2,619 4,902 6,275
Median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,750
90th Percentile £82,500 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 7,455 15,879 20,951
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.98% 12.59% 13.87%
Number of salaries quoted 5,553 12,337 15,569
Median annual salary £52,500 £51,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.94% +3.00% -
10th Percentile £30,750 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £83,750 £83,750 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +4.65%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing QA.

Salary trend for QA in the UK

QA
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 16 January 2021.

Salary histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 2,549 £55,000 +4.76% 571
UK excluding London -4 1,558 £50,000 +11.11% 403
London -5 1,122 £61,500 -5.38% 198
South East +12 603 £52,500 +5.00% 108
Work from Home +13 449 £52,500 -8.70% 96
North of England -28 322 £45,000 +5.88% 102
Midlands -5 220 £45,000 - 68
South West -2 190 £40,000 -5.88% 47
North West -14 187 £50,000 +11.11% 56
West Midlands -19 125 £45,000 - 33
Scotland +4 113 £50,000 +11.11% 23
Yorkshire -44 97 £38,750 -3.13% 32
East Midlands +23 94 £47,500 +18.75% 35
East of England -19 64 £45,000 -16.67% 44
North East -18 38 £40,000 -11.11% 14
Wales -9 26 £40,000 -11.11% 8
Northern Ireland +3 17 £42,500 +21.43% 3
Isle of Man -5 6 - -

For the 6 months to 16 January 2021, IT jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for QA.

1 1,422 (49.95%) Agile Software Development
2 1,338 (47.00%) Test Automation
3 719 (25.25%) Selenium
4 664 (23.32%) C#
5 652 (22.90%) JavaScript
6 605 (21.25%) Java
7 596 (20.93%) DevOps
8 570 (20.02%) Finance
9 557 (19.56%) SQL
10 531 (18.65%) Scrum
11 492 (17.28%) Azure
12 476 (16.72%) .NET
13 423 (14.86%) BDD
14 413 (14.51%) AWS
15 392 (13.77%) Microservices
16 381 (13.38%) Python
17 379 (13.31%) JIRA
18 334 (11.73%) TDD
19 329 (11.56%) Git (software)
20 324 (11.38%) Degree
20 324 (11.38%) SDLC
21 320 (11.24%) Microsoft
22 304 (10.68%) Software Engineering
23 303 (10.64%) Problem-Solving
24 288 (10.12%) SQL Server
25 282 (9.91%) CSS
26 281 (9.87%) HTML
27 268 (9.41%) Cucumber
28 259 (9.10%) TypeScript
29 257 (9.03%) Linux

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 121 (4.25%) Confluence
2 49 (1.72%) Apache Spark
3 47 (1.65%) Apache
3 47 (1.65%) CMS
4 33 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
5 29 (1.02%) SharePoint
6 25 (0.88%) IIS
7 24 (0.84%) SAS
8 17 (0.60%) Umbraco
9 12 (0.42%) Apache Solr
9 12 (0.42%) MS Exchange
9 12 (0.42%) Tomcat
10 11 (0.39%) WebLogic
11 10 (0.35%) Headless CMS
11 10 (0.35%) IBM Domino
12 8 (0.28%) WebSphere
13 7 (0.25%) nginx
13 7 (0.25%) WordPress
14 5 (0.18%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 4 (0.14%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 61 (2.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (1.12%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (0.67%) Spreadsheet
4 18 (0.63%) MS Visio
5 15 (0.53%) Figma
5 15 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 10 (0.35%) Chatbot
7 9 (0.32%) InVision
7 9 (0.32%) Sketch
8 5 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
8 5 (0.18%) Photoshop
9 4 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.070%) Zeplin
11 1 (0.035%) Adobe Captivate
11 1 (0.035%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.035%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 14 (0.49%) Adobe Campaign
2 13 (0.46%) Dynamics CRM
3 12 (0.42%) Dynamics NAV
3 12 (0.42%) Shopify
4 10 (0.35%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 10 (0.35%) Unica
5 9 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
5 9 (0.32%) Magento
5 9 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
6 5 (0.18%) NetSuite
7 4 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
7 4 (0.14%) Temenos T24
7 4 (0.14%) thinkFolio
8 3 (0.11%) Markit EDM
8 3 (0.11%) WebTrends
9 2 (0.070%) Primavera
9 2 (0.070%) SAP FI-CA
9 2 (0.070%) SAP Hybris
9 2 (0.070%) SAP PSCD
9 2 (0.070%) Social Studio
Cloud Services
1 492 (17.28%) Azure
2 413 (14.51%) AWS
3 213 (7.48%) SaaS
4 88 (3.09%) GCP
5 76 (2.67%) Serverless
6 46 (1.62%) AWS Lambda
7 45 (1.58%) BrowserStack
8 44 (1.55%) Power Platform
9 39 (1.37%) Azure Data Factory
10 38 (1.33%) Dynamics 365
11 34 (1.19%) GitHub
12 31 (1.09%) PaaS
13 28 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
13 28 (0.98%) Office 365
14 26 (0.91%) Amazon S3
15 25 (0.88%) IaaS
16 23 (0.81%) Amazon EC2
17 20 (0.70%) Google Analytics
18 18 (0.63%) Amazon EKS
18 18 (0.63%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 104 (3.65%) Skype
2 42 (1.48%) TCP/IP
3 38 (1.33%) Firewall
4 27 (0.95%) HTTP
5 24 (0.84%) Network Security
6 18 (0.63%) FTP
7 17 (0.60%) Internet
8 15 (0.53%) Wireshark
9 12 (0.42%) SMS
10 11 (0.39%) VPN
11 10 (0.35%) SSL
12 8 (0.28%) Intranet
12 8 (0.28%) Unified Communications
13 7 (0.25%) H.323
14 6 (0.21%) Ethernet
14 6 (0.21%) Intrusion Detection
14 6 (0.21%) WAN
14 6 (0.21%) Wireless
15 5 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
16 4 (0.14%) IP Telephony
Database & Business Intelligence
1 288 (10.12%) SQL Server
2 137 (4.81%) Relational Database
3 101 (3.55%) NoSQL
4 93 (3.27%) MySQL
5 80 (2.81%) MongoDB
6 56 (1.97%) Big Data
7 52 (1.83%) PostgreSQL
8 51 (1.79%) Data Warehouse
9 43 (1.51%) Power BI
10 33 (1.16%) RDBMS
11 31 (1.09%) Blockchain
11 31 (1.09%) Redis
11 31 (1.09%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 29 (1.02%) Azure SQL Database
13 28 (0.98%) Hadoop
14 27 (0.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 25 (0.88%) Amazon RDS
16 23 (0.81%) SQL Server 2008
17 20 (0.70%) Amazon Redshift
17 20 (0.70%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 719 (25.25%) Selenium
2 379 (13.31%) JIRA
3 329 (11.56%) Git (software)
4 268 (9.41%) Cucumber
5 231 (8.11%) Postman
6 225 (7.90%) SpecFlow
7 200 (7.02%) Jenkins
8 193 (6.78%) WebDriver
9 186 (6.53%) Appium
10 119 (4.18%) Cypress.io
11 100 (3.51%) TeamCity
12 97 (3.41%) JMeter
13 95 (3.34%) SoapUI
14 80 (2.81%) Protractor
15 63 (2.21%) TestRail
16 57 (2.00%) Visual Studio
17 51 (1.79%) Team Foundation Server
18 46 (1.62%) GitLab
19 40 (1.40%) REST Assured
19 40 (1.40%) webpack
General
1 570 (20.02%) Finance
2 149 (5.23%) Marketing
3 85 (2.99%) Retail
4 84 (2.95%) Banking
5 73 (2.56%) Games
5 73 (2.56%) Public Sector
6 69 (2.42%) Telecoms
7 56 (1.97%) Manufacturing
8 42 (1.48%) Pharmaceutical
9 39 (1.37%) Advertising
10 37 (1.30%) Publishing
11 33 (1.16%) Electronics
12 32 (1.12%) Law
13 22 (0.77%) Back Office
14 21 (0.74%) Front Office
15 19 (0.67%) Financial Institution
15 19 (0.67%) German Language
16 16 (0.56%) Brand Awareness
17 15 (0.53%) Legal
18 13 (0.46%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 654 (22.97%) Developer
2 449 (15.77%) QA Engineer
3 380 (13.35%) Analyst
4 257 (9.03%) Tester
5 227 (7.97%) Test Engineer
6 209 (7.34%) Test Analyst
7 165 (5.80%) QA Analyst
8 147 (5.16%) Senior Developer
8 147 (5.16%) Software Developer
9 125 (4.39%) QA Test Analyst
10 124 (4.36%) QA Automation Engineer
10 124 (4.36%) Software Engineer
11 122 (4.29%) Automation Engineer
12 104 (3.65%) Senior QA Engineer
13 99 (3.48%) .NET Developer
13 99 (3.48%) QA Leader
14 98 (3.44%) Automation Tester
15 93 (3.27%) QA Test Engineer
16 91 (3.20%) Test Automation Engineer
17 83 (2.92%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 476 (16.72%) .NET
2 282 (9.91%) CSS
3 281 (9.87%) HTML
4 252 (8.85%) React
5 251 (8.82%) RESTful
6 184 (6.46%) AngularJS
7 178 (6.25%) Node.js
8 163 (5.73%) Gherkin
8 163 (5.73%) REST
9 145 (5.09%) JSON
10 135 (4.74%) Web Services
11 124 (4.36%) XML
12 115 (4.04%) .NET Core
13 107 (3.76%) ASP.NET
14 96 (3.37%) SOAP
15 92 (3.23%) .NET Framework
16 91 (3.20%) jQuery
17 85 (2.99%) HTML5
17 85 (2.99%) Spring
18 67 (2.35%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 248 (8.71%) Mobile App
2 244 (8.57%) Analytical Skills
3 219 (7.69%) User Experience
4 87 (3.06%) Self-Motivation
5 84 (2.95%) Management Information System
6 73 (2.56%) Greenfield Project
7 42 (1.48%) Enterprise Software
8 38 (1.33%) Virtual Team
9 33 (1.16%) Replication
10 32 (1.12%) Algorithms
11 30 (1.05%) Client/Server
12 27 (0.95%) STB
13 26 (0.91%) Data Structures
14 23 (0.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 21 (0.74%) Linux Command Line
16 19 (0.67%) Life Science
16 19 (0.67%) Social Media
17 18 (0.63%) Mobile Games
17 18 (0.63%) NHS
18 16 (0.56%) IVR
Operating Systems
1 257 (9.03%) Linux
2 186 (6.53%) Apple iOS
3 169 (5.94%) Android
4 147 (5.16%) Windows
5 88 (3.09%) Unix
6 26 (0.91%) Ubuntu
7 17 (0.60%) Windows Server
8 15 (0.53%) CentOS
9 10 (0.35%) Mac OS X
10 9 (0.32%) Mac OS
11 8 (0.28%) Windows 10
12 4 (0.14%) AIX
12 4 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 2 (0.070%) MVS
14 1 (0.035%) DC/OS
14 1 (0.035%) VMS
14 1 (0.035%) Windows Mobile
14 1 (0.035%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.035%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,422 (49.95%) Agile Software Development
2 1,338 (47.00%) Test Automation
3 596 (20.93%) DevOps
4 531 (18.65%) Scrum
5 423 (14.86%) BDD
6 392 (13.77%) Microservices
7 334 (11.73%) TDD
8 324 (11.38%) SDLC
9 304 (10.68%) Software Engineering
10 303 (10.64%) Problem-Solving
11 245 (8.61%) API Testing
12 235 (8.25%) Fintech
13 233 (8.18%) Test Strategy
14 218 (7.66%) Mentoring
15 216 (7.59%) Test Scripting
16 212 (7.45%) Manual Testing
17 207 (7.27%) SDET
18 199 (6.99%) Continuous Integration
19 192 (6.74%) Computer Science
20 181 (6.36%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 664 (23.32%) C#
2 652 (22.90%) JavaScript
3 605 (21.25%) Java
4 557 (19.56%) SQL
5 381 (13.38%) Python
6 259 (9.10%) TypeScript
7 138 (4.85%) C++
8 108 (3.79%) PHP
9 98 (3.44%) C
10 72 (2.53%) T-SQL
11 62 (2.18%) Scala
12 55 (1.93%) PowerShell
13 54 (1.90%) Apple Swift
14 50 (1.76%) Ruby
14 50 (1.76%) Shell Script
15 45 (1.58%) Kotlin
16 41 (1.44%) Go
17 37 (1.30%) Objective-C
18 35 (1.23%) Bash Shell
19 30 (1.05%) R
Qualifications
1 324 (11.38%) Degree
2 134 (4.71%) ISTQB
3 94 (3.30%) ISEB
4 88 (3.09%) Computer Science Degree
5 73 (2.56%) Security Cleared
6 58 (2.04%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 53 (1.86%) SC Cleared
8 23 (0.81%) Master's Degree
9 13 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
9 13 (0.46%) PMI Certification
10 12 (0.42%) ISEB Practitioner
11 9 (0.32%) HND
12 8 (0.28%) PMP
13 7 (0.25%) DV Cleared
13 7 (0.25%) SANS
14 6 (0.21%) CEH
14 6 (0.21%) CREST Certified
14 6 (0.21%) OSCP
14 6 (0.21%) PhD
15 5 (0.18%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (1.44%) GDPR
2 34 (1.19%) Data Quality
3 25 (0.88%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 17 (0.60%) CDISC
4 17 (0.60%) PMO
5 14 (0.49%) SLA
6 12 (0.42%) WCAG
7 10 (0.35%) 21 CFR Part 11
7 10 (0.35%) ISO 9001
8 9 (0.32%) GMP
8 9 (0.32%) Good Clinical Practice
9 8 (0.28%) MiFID
10 6 (0.21%) GxP
11 5 (0.18%) GLP
11 5 (0.18%) ISO 13485
11 5 (0.18%) ITGC
11 5 (0.18%) PCI DSS
12 4 (0.14%) COBIT
12 4 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.11%) HIPAA
System Software
1 217 (7.62%) Docker
2 37 (1.30%) Active Directory
3 19 (0.67%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.28%) Hyper-V
5 7 (0.25%) Firmware
5 7 (0.25%) KVM
6 2 (0.070%) Varnish
6 2 (0.070%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.070%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.035%) BitLocker
7 1 (0.035%) HDFS
7 1 (0.035%) IAG
7 1 (0.035%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 1 (0.035%) ProxySG
7 1 (0.035%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.035%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.035%) XenApp
7 1 (0.035%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 134 (4.71%) Kubernetes
2 56 (1.97%) Ansible
3 54 (1.90%) Terraform
4 39 (1.37%) Puppet
5 22 (0.77%) HP Quality Center
6 20 (0.70%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (0.49%) Grafana
8 12 (0.42%) Kibana
9 11 (0.39%) Failover Clustering
10 9 (0.32%) SCCM
11 7 (0.25%) HP ALM
12 6 (0.21%) Nagios
13 5 (0.18%) Single Sign-On
14 4 (0.14%) Prometheus
15 3 (0.11%) Microsoft Clustering
15 3 (0.11%) Microsoft Intune
15 3 (0.11%) WSUS
15 3 (0.11%) Zipkin
16 2 (0.070%) FortiGate
16 2 (0.070%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 320 (11.24%) Microsoft
2 117 (4.11%) Google
3 79 (2.77%) Oracle
4 74 (2.60%) Salesforce.com
5 54 (1.90%) SAP
6 52 (1.83%) Xamarin
7 40 (1.40%) Atlassian
8 39 (1.37%) Ceridian
9 38 (1.33%) IBM
10 29 (1.02%) VMware
11 28 (0.98%) ServiceNow
12 27 (0.95%) Adobe
13 26 (0.91%) Apple
13 26 (0.91%) HP
13 26 (0.91%) Red Hat
14 16 (0.56%) Genesys
14 16 (0.56%) Pega
15 13 (0.46%) Dell
15 13 (0.46%) Intel
15 13 (0.46%) TIBCO