Period
to 27 September 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Foreign Exchange (FX) in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Foreign Exchange (FX) over the 6 months to 27 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Foreign Exchange (FX)
UK
6 months to
27 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 448 273 416
Rank change year-on-year -175 +143 -22
Permanent jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) 802 559 1,053
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.66% 1.17% 0.75%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.63% 3.27% 2.13%
Number of salaries quoted 628 514 896
10th Percentile £61,225 £65,375 £53,750
25th Percentile £76,250 £80,000 £63,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £100,000 £107,500 £82,500
Median % change year-on-year -6.98% +30.30% +10.00%
75th Percentile £126,250 £128,750 £115,000
90th Percentile £142,500 £139,625 £130,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £67,500 £47,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year +42.11% -26.92% +8.33%

Foreign Exchange (FX) is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 49,063 17,108 49,393
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.19% 35.90% 35.18%
Number of salaries quoted 29,569 13,947 37,714
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,000 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £53,371
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +7.74% +1.66%
75th Percentile £80,000 £78,750 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £100,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £48,001 £45,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +6.67% -

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Foreign Exchange (FX) as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in the UK

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX).

Salary trend for Foreign Exchange (FX) in the UK

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) over the 6 months to 27 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Foreign Exchange (FX) in the UK

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Top 14 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) within the UK over the 6 months to 27 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -157 789 £100,000 -6.98% 107
London -119 755 £100,000 -6.98% 104
Work from Home -187 136 £85,000 -19.05% 18
UK excluding London -207 42 £67,500 +42.11% 4
Midlands - 18 £67,500 -
West Midlands - 13 £67,500 -
East of England - 9 £52,500 -
East Midlands - 5 £75,000 -
Scotland -98 4 £35,000 -26.32%
South East - 4 £67,500 -
Channel Islands - 3 £40,000 - 1
Northern Ireland - 3 £87,500 -
North West -92 1 - - 1
North of England -129 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 27 September 2021, IT jobs citing Foreign Exchange (FX) also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Foreign Exchange (FX).

1 526 (65.59%) Finance
2 447 (55.74%) Equities
3 400 (49.88%) Front Office
4 375 (46.76%) Fixed Income
5 368 (45.89%) Python
6 366 (45.64%) Java
7 320 (39.90%) Software Engineering
8 315 (39.28%) Agile Software Development
9 312 (38.90%) Derivative
10 308 (38.40%) JavaScript
11 295 (36.78%) AWS
12 272 (33.92%) React
13 269 (33.54%) Hedge funds
14 265 (33.04%) SQL
15 253 (31.55%) Asset Management
16 219 (27.31%) Full Stack Development
17 208 (25.94%) Web Services
18 206 (25.69%) Banking
19 204 (25.44%) TypeScript
20 188 (23.44%) C#
21 172 (21.45%) Kotlin
22 169 (21.07%) AngularJS
23 168 (20.95%) Analytics
24 167 (20.82%) Scala
25 153 (19.08%) Social Skills
26 136 (16.96%) Investment Management
27 128 (15.96%) Docker
28 123 (15.34%) Investment Banking
29 122 (15.21%) Amazon EC2
29 122 (15.21%) SDLC

Foreign Exchange (FX)
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (12.84%) Apache
2 29 (3.62%) Apache Spark
3 28 (3.49%) Confluence
4 4 (0.50%) WebLogic
4 4 (0.50%) WebSphere
5 2 (0.25%) Jetty
5 2 (0.25%) Oracle Workflow
6 1 (0.12%) Apache Airflow
6 1 (0.12%) Appian
6 1 (0.12%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.12%) Ethereum
6 1 (0.12%) MQSeries
6 1 (0.12%) SharePoint
Applications
1 26 (3.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (2.00%) Spreadsheet
3 4 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.25%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 19 (2.37%) MetaTrader
2 5 (0.62%) SAP FI
2 5 (0.62%) SAP S/4HANA
3 4 (0.50%) FINCAD Analytics
4 3 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.25%) Loan IQ
5 2 (0.25%) Orchestrade
6 1 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.12%) Eikon
6 1 (0.12%) Findur
6 1 (0.12%) Kondor
6 1 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.12%) SAP CO
6 1 (0.12%) SAP FI/CO
6 1 (0.12%) SAP FSCM
Cloud Services
1 295 (36.78%) AWS
2 122 (15.21%) Amazon EC2
3 121 (15.09%) Amazon S3
3 121 (15.09%) Azure
3 121 (15.09%) Serverless
4 119 (14.84%) AWS Lambda
5 105 (13.09%) GCP
6 26 (3.24%) OpenShift
7 15 (1.87%) Power Platform
8 11 (1.37%) GitHub
9 10 (1.25%) SaaS
10 8 (1.00%) npm
10 8 (1.00%) Yarn
11 7 (0.87%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 6 (0.75%) Cloud Computing
13 5 (0.62%) Microsoft 365
14 4 (0.50%) DigitalOcean
14 4 (0.50%) PaaS
14 4 (0.50%) Power Automate
14 4 (0.50%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 23 (2.87%) HTTP
2 13 (1.62%) TCP/IP
3 11 (1.37%) FIX Connectivity
4 8 (1.00%) Multicast
5 4 (0.50%) Firewall
6 3 (0.37%) Telnet
6 3 (0.37%) Wireshark
7 2 (0.25%) LAN
8 1 (0.12%) Cisco ASA
8 1 (0.12%) DSL
8 1 (0.12%) FTP
8 1 (0.12%) SWIFTNet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 103 (12.84%) Amazon DynamoDB
1 103 (12.84%) Apache Ignite
2 34 (4.24%) PostgreSQL
2 34 (4.24%) SQL Server
3 27 (3.37%) Flink
4 20 (2.49%) Data Mart
4 20 (2.49%) NoSQL
5 15 (1.87%) Power BI
6 14 (1.75%) KDB
6 14 (1.75%) Relational Database
7 12 (1.50%) Amazon Athena
8 9 (1.12%) Blockchain
9 8 (1.00%) MySQL
9 8 (1.00%) Redis
10 7 (0.87%) Amazon RDS
10 7 (0.87%) Data Lake
10 7 (0.87%) Oracle Database
10 7 (0.87%) RDBMS
11 6 (0.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 6 (0.75%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 62 (7.73%) Git (software)
2 57 (7.11%) JIRA
3 26 (3.24%) Jenkins
4 25 (3.12%) TeamCity
5 16 (2.00%) Maven
6 14 (1.75%) IntelliJ
7 13 (1.62%) Cucumber
8 10 (1.25%) Jasmine
8 10 (1.25%) JUnit
9 8 (1.00%) git-flow
10 7 (0.87%) Bitbucket
10 7 (0.87%) Postman
10 7 (0.87%) Subversion
11 4 (0.50%) GitLab
11 4 (0.50%) Octopus Deploy
12 3 (0.37%) Clang
12 3 (0.37%) CMake
12 3 (0.37%) gulp
12 3 (0.37%) Mockito
12 3 (0.37%) Travis CI
General
1 526 (65.59%) Finance
2 400 (49.88%) Front Office
3 206 (25.69%) Banking
4 153 (19.08%) Social Skills
5 123 (15.34%) Investment Banking
6 67 (8.35%) Analytical Skills
7 29 (3.62%) Retail
8 27 (3.37%) Back Office
9 22 (2.74%) Financial Institution
10 21 (2.62%) Advertising
11 18 (2.24%) Games
12 17 (2.12%) Marketing
13 6 (0.75%) International Banking
14 5 (0.62%) Organisational Skills
15 3 (0.37%) French Language
16 2 (0.25%) Billing
16 2 (0.25%) Documentation Skills
16 2 (0.25%) General Ledger
16 2 (0.25%) Presentation Skills
17 1 (0.12%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 464 (57.86%) Developer
2 189 (23.57%) Software Engineer
3 151 (18.83%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 134 (16.71%) Python Developer
5 114 (14.21%) Java Developer
6 107 (13.34%) Python Engineer
7 104 (12.97%) Python Software Engineer
8 100 (12.47%) Analyst
9 81 (10.10%) Lead Developer
10 78 (9.73%) JavaScript Developer
11 73 (9.10%) Senior Developer
12 68 (8.48%) Front Office Developer
13 67 (8.35%) React Developer
14 61 (7.61%) Business Analyst
15 52 (6.48%) JavaScript Engineer
16 50 (6.23%) Applications Support
17 49 (6.11%) AWS Developer
18 44 (5.49%) C# Developer
19 34 (4.24%) FX Business Analyst
20 33 (4.11%) Lead Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 272 (33.92%) React
2 208 (25.94%) Web Services
3 169 (21.07%) AngularJS
4 110 (13.72%) Vue.js
5 107 (13.34%) Node.js
6 99 (12.34%) .NET
7 91 (11.35%) FIX Protocol
8 69 (8.60%) REST
9 42 (5.24%) Kafka
9 42 (5.24%) Middleware
10 39 (4.86%) RESTful
11 38 (4.74%) HTML
12 37 (4.61%) GraphQL
13 31 (3.87%) .NET Core
14 30 (3.74%) Murex MxML
15 26 (3.24%) Spring
16 23 (2.87%) WebSockets
17 20 (2.49%) ASP.NET
18 18 (2.24%) Express
19 17 (2.12%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 447 (55.74%) Equities
2 375 (46.76%) Fixed Income
3 312 (38.90%) Derivative
4 269 (33.54%) Hedge funds
5 54 (6.73%) Greenfield Project
6 52 (6.48%) Credit Risk
7 51 (6.36%) User Experience
8 42 (5.24%) Algorithms
9 39 (4.86%) Credit Derivative
10 38 (4.74%) Market Risk
11 35 (4.36%) Spread Betting
12 32 (3.99%) Self-Motivation
13 28 (3.49%) Contract for Difference
14 24 (2.99%) Data Structures
15 20 (2.49%) Virtual Team
16 17 (2.12%) Data Centre
17 16 (2.00%) Legacy Systems
18 15 (1.87%) Data Protection Act
19 12 (1.50%) Over-the-Top Content
20 10 (1.25%) Exotic Derivative
Operating Systems
1 84 (10.47%) Linux
2 50 (6.23%) Unix
3 26 (3.24%) Windows
4 6 (0.75%) CentOS
5 5 (0.62%) Windows Server
6 2 (0.25%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 320 (39.90%) Software Engineering
2 315 (39.28%) Agile Software Development
3 253 (31.55%) Asset Management
4 219 (27.31%) Full Stack Development
5 168 (20.95%) Analytics
6 136 (16.96%) Investment Management
7 122 (15.21%) SDLC
8 99 (12.34%) Fintech
9 98 (12.22%) Electronic Trading
10 93 (11.60%) Low Latency
11 78 (9.73%) Risk Management
12 65 (8.10%) Integration Testing
13 64 (7.98%) Unit Testing
14 61 (7.61%) Mathematics
15 54 (6.73%) Machine Learning
16 52 (6.48%) Computer Science
17 49 (6.11%) Microservices
18 48 (5.99%) DevOps
18 48 (5.99%) Stakeholder Management
19 46 (5.74%) Data Analytics
Programming Languages
1 368 (45.89%) Python
2 366 (45.64%) Java
3 308 (38.40%) JavaScript
4 265 (33.04%) SQL
5 204 (25.44%) TypeScript
6 188 (23.44%) C#
7 172 (21.45%) Kotlin
8 167 (20.82%) Scala
9 109 (13.59%) Clojure
10 107 (13.34%) C++
11 34 (4.24%) R
12 24 (2.99%) F#
13 23 (2.87%) Shell Script
13 23 (2.87%) VBA
14 20 (2.49%) Go
15 16 (2.00%) Bash Shell
16 15 (1.87%) Rust
17 12 (1.50%) Erlang
18 11 (1.37%) C
19 10 (1.25%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 71 (8.85%) Degree
2 24 (2.99%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (2.24%) PhD
4 10 (1.25%) Master's Degree
5 6 (0.75%) Numerate Degree
6 5 (0.62%) CHECK Team Member
7 3 (0.37%) ITIL Certification
8 2 (0.25%) ACCA
8 2 (0.25%) Postgraduate
9 1 (0.12%) CIMA
9 1 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.12%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (5.74%) QA
2 14 (1.75%) MiFID
3 12 (1.50%) EMIR
4 11 (1.37%) Dodd-Frank
5 4 (0.50%) Accessibility
6 2 (0.25%) PMO
7 1 (0.12%) FATCA
7 1 (0.12%) GDPR
7 1 (0.12%) IFRS
7 1 (0.12%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.12%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.12%) SLA
System Software
1 128 (15.96%) Docker
2 4 (0.50%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.25%) GPFS
3 2 (0.25%) NFS
3 2 (0.25%) Samba
Systems Management
1 112 (13.97%) Kubernetes
2 39 (4.86%) Terraform
3 12 (1.50%) Ansible
4 7 (0.87%) Prometheus
5 1 (0.12%) Grafana
5 1 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
5 1 (0.12%) Oozie
5 1 (0.12%) SCCM
Vendors
1 56 (6.98%) Microsoft
2 46 (5.74%) Murex
3 27 (3.37%) Oracle
4 23 (2.87%) Bloomberg
5 19 (2.37%) Samsung
6 12 (1.50%) Charles River
6 12 (1.50%) Sun
7 11 (1.37%) Tradeweb
8 10 (1.25%) Fidessa
9 9 (1.12%) Portware
10 8 (1.00%) SAP
11 7 (0.87%) Google
11 7 (0.87%) Red Hat
12 6 (0.75%) IBM
12 6 (0.75%) Splunk
13 5 (0.62%) Dynatrace
13 5 (0.62%) ION Trading
13 5 (0.62%) Salesforce.com
13 5 (0.62%) TIBCO
13 5 (0.62%) Trayport