Period
to 17 May 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 17 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
17 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 270 358 541
Rank change year-on-year +88 +183 +386
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Native 1,111 821 734
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.23% 0.85% 0.50%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.39% 2.47% 1.46%
Number of salaries quoted 830 580 450
10th Percentile £46,250 £47,450 £40,450
25th Percentile £58,750 £60,000 £55,688
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £77,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
75th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £95,000
90th Percentile £106,250 £111,250 £117,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £65,000 £67,500 £58,250
% change year-on-year -3.70% +15.88% -2.92%

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 32,807 33,227 50,432
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 36.37% 34.52% 34.65%
Number of salaries quoted 22,079 26,221 38,441
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,133 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.11% +5.56% -

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Salary trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 17 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 17 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +91 990 £75,000 -6.25% 291
London +87 633 £85,000 +1.49% 153
UK excluding London +68 370 £65,000 -3.70% 158
Work from Home -1 250 £75,000 +3.45% 72
North of England +32 136 £62,500 +4.17% 55
South East +85 97 £72,000 -4.00% 26
North West +17 61 £62,500 +10.76% 28
Yorkshire +9 57 £55,000 -16.98% 21
Midlands -13 48 £70,000 - 33
Scotland 0 44 £64,750 +20.47% 14
West Midlands +26 37 £70,000 +21.74% 28
South West -43 34 £80,000 +33.33% 12
North East - 18 £65,000 - 6
East Midlands -33 11 £80,000 +10.34% 5
East of England +7 9 £92,500 +2.78% 12
Wales +9 1 £75,000 +20.00% 2
Northern Ireland -1 1 £40,000 +6.67% 4

For the 6 months to 17 May 2021, IT jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 672 (60.49%) AWS
2 586 (52.75%) DevOps
3 570 (51.31%) Azure
4 508 (45.72%) Agile Software Development
5 460 (41.40%) Kubernetes
6 358 (32.22%) Microservices
7 352 (31.68%) GCP
8 325 (29.25%) Terraform
9 317 (28.53%) Docker
10 314 (28.26%) Python
11 282 (25.38%) Finance
12 271 (24.39%) Java
13 256 (23.04%) Software Engineering
14 225 (20.25%) PaaS
15 219 (19.71%) JavaScript
16 202 (18.18%) Microsoft
17 186 (16.74%) Linux
18 181 (16.29%) .NET
19 174 (15.66%) Google
20 159 (14.31%) Infrastructure as Code
21 155 (13.95%) Node.js
22 152 (13.68%) C#
23 151 (13.59%) SaaS
23 151 (13.59%) React
24 150 (13.50%) IaaS
24 150 (13.50%) Serverless
25 145 (13.05%) Go
26 143 (12.87%) Ansible
27 142 (12.78%) Scrum
28 134 (12.06%) Kafka

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (4.32%) Elasticsearch
2 31 (2.79%) CMS
3 25 (2.25%) Cloud Foundry
4 24 (2.16%) OpenStack
4 24 (2.16%) SharePoint
5 16 (1.44%) Apache Spark
6 12 (1.08%) Confluence
7 10 (0.90%) IIS
7 10 (0.90%) Sitecore CMS
8 9 (0.81%) Headless CMS
9 8 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 4 (0.36%) Tornado
11 3 (0.27%) Apache
11 3 (0.27%) Tomcat
11 3 (0.27%) WebLogic
12 2 (0.18%) nginx
12 2 (0.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 2 (0.18%) Traefik
13 1 (0.090%) Apache Solr
13 1 (0.090%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 4 (0.36%) SOLIDWORKS
2 2 (0.18%) AutoCAD
2 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
2 2 (0.18%) Revit
Business Applications
1 21 (1.89%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
2 2 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.090%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.090%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.090%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.090%) Oracle ERP
3 1 (0.090%) Oracle Payables
3 1 (0.090%) Sage X3
Cloud Services
1 672 (60.49%) AWS
2 570 (51.31%) Azure
3 352 (31.68%) GCP
4 225 (20.25%) PaaS
5 151 (13.59%) SaaS
6 150 (13.50%) IaaS
6 150 (13.50%) Serverless
7 74 (6.66%) Amazon EKS
7 74 (6.66%) AWS Lambda
8 64 (5.76%) OpenShift
9 63 (5.67%) AWS CloudFormation
10 56 (5.04%) Power Platform
11 48 (4.32%) GitHub
12 46 (4.14%) Azure Functions
13 44 (3.96%) Azure Active Directory
14 35 (3.15%) Microsoft 365
15 32 (2.88%) Cloud Computing
16 29 (2.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 29 (2.61%) Cloud Functions
17 28 (2.52%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 31 (2.79%) Network Security
2 15 (1.35%) AMQP
3 14 (1.26%) Firewall
3 14 (1.26%) HTTP
4 13 (1.17%) DNS
4 13 (1.17%) Internet
5 11 (0.99%) VPN
6 5 (0.45%) Unified Communications
7 4 (0.36%) Broadband
7 4 (0.36%) DHCP
7 4 (0.36%) TCP/IP
8 3 (0.27%) 5G
8 3 (0.27%) Intrusion Detection
9 2 (0.18%) Calico
9 2 (0.18%) Cisco ASA
9 2 (0.18%) Cisco Firepower
9 2 (0.18%) SAN
9 2 (0.18%) SSL
9 2 (0.18%) VLAN
9 2 (0.18%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 98 (8.82%) PostgreSQL
2 91 (8.19%) NoSQL
3 78 (7.02%) Big Data
4 62 (5.58%) SQL Server
5 54 (4.86%) Relational Database
6 51 (4.59%) Redis
7 50 (4.50%) MongoDB
7 50 (4.50%) MySQL
8 40 (3.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 31 (2.79%) BigQuery
10 26 (2.34%) Apache Cassandra
11 19 (1.71%) Amazon RDS
12 18 (1.62%) Data Warehouse
13 16 (1.44%) Data Lake
14 15 (1.35%) Hadoop
15 13 (1.17%) Amazon Redshift
16 12 (1.08%) Azure SQL Database
16 12 (1.08%) Geospatial Data
16 12 (1.08%) SQL Server 2016
17 11 (0.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 114 (10.26%) Jenkins
2 96 (8.64%) Git (software)
3 68 (6.12%) GitLab
4 35 (3.15%) CircleCI
5 27 (2.43%) JIRA
6 24 (2.16%) TeamCity
7 21 (1.89%) Gradle
8 19 (1.71%) Bitbucket
9 14 (1.26%) Visual Studio
10 13 (1.17%) Spinnaker
10 13 (1.17%) Visual Studio Team System
11 12 (1.08%) Octopus Deploy
12 11 (0.99%) Artifactory
12 11 (0.99%) Travis CI
13 9 (0.81%) Cypress.io
13 9 (0.81%) Maven
13 9 (0.81%) Selenium
14 8 (0.72%) JUnit
15 5 (0.45%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 5 (0.45%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 282 (25.38%) Finance
2 131 (11.79%) Social Skills
3 125 (11.25%) Banking
4 71 (6.39%) Public Sector
5 64 (5.76%) Retail
6 61 (5.49%) Manufacturing
7 59 (5.31%) Games
8 57 (5.13%) Telecoms
9 56 (5.04%) Marketing
10 38 (3.42%) Electronics
11 36 (3.24%) Influencing Skills
12 31 (2.79%) Presentation Skills
13 29 (2.61%) Law
14 24 (2.16%) Analytical Skills
15 21 (1.89%) Advertising
15 21 (1.89%) Automotive
16 20 (1.80%) Legal
17 18 (1.62%) Financial Institution
18 7 (0.63%) Front Office
18 7 (0.63%) Public Speaking
Job Titles
1 227 (20.43%) Architect
2 171 (15.39%) DevOps Engineer
3 170 (15.30%) Developer
4 108 (9.72%) Software Engineer
5 98 (8.82%) Cloud Engineer
6 82 (7.38%) Solutions Architect
7 74 (6.66%) Cloud Architect
8 69 (6.21%) Senior DevOps
9 68 (6.12%) Azure Engineer
10 67 (6.03%) AWS Engineer
11 63 (5.67%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 60 (5.40%) Consultant
13 50 (4.50%) Azure Architect
14 48 (4.32%) AWS DevOps
14 48 (4.32%) Site Reliability Engineer
15 47 (4.23%) AWS Architect
16 43 (3.87%) Site Engineer
17 42 (3.78%) Full Stack Developer
18 41 (3.69%) Senior Software Engineer
19 39 (3.51%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 181 (16.29%) .NET
2 155 (13.95%) Node.js
3 151 (13.59%) React
4 134 (12.06%) Kafka
5 93 (8.37%) AngularJS
6 84 (7.56%) .NET Core
7 79 (7.11%) CSS
8 75 (6.75%) Web Services
9 69 (6.21%) REST
10 66 (5.94%) HTML
11 62 (5.58%) Spring
12 54 (4.86%) Spring Boot
13 52 (4.68%) HTML5
14 44 (3.96%) .NET Framework
14 44 (3.96%) CSS3
14 44 (3.96%) RESTful
15 38 (3.42%) gRPC
16 29 (2.61%) Ember.js
16 29 (2.61%) Serverless Framework
17 28 (2.52%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 111 (9.99%) Public Cloud
2 70 (6.30%) Greenfield Project
3 50 (4.50%) Hybrid Cloud
4 46 (4.14%) Mobile App
5 45 (4.05%) Self-Motivation
6 33 (2.97%) Blog
6 33 (2.97%) Virtual Team
7 32 (2.88%) Private Cloud
8 27 (2.43%) Data Centre
8 27 (2.43%) User Experience
9 21 (1.89%) Mobile Banking
10 17 (1.53%) Management Information System
11 14 (1.26%) Algorithms
11 14 (1.26%) Data Structures
11 14 (1.26%) Digital Media
12 12 (1.08%) Enterprise Cloud
13 10 (0.90%) PKI
13 10 (0.90%) Social Media
14 9 (0.81%) Enterprise Software
15 8 (0.72%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 186 (16.74%) Linux
2 81 (7.29%) Windows
3 42 (3.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 33 (2.97%) Unix
5 15 (1.35%) Windows Server 2016
5 15 (1.35%) Windows Server 2019
6 13 (1.17%) Android
6 13 (1.17%) Apple iOS
7 7 (0.63%) Mac OS
8 6 (0.54%) Windows 10
9 5 (0.45%) SUSE
9 5 (0.45%) Windows Server
10 4 (0.36%) CoreOS
10 4 (0.36%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.27%) VMS
12 2 (0.18%) CentOS
12 2 (0.18%) zOS
13 1 (0.090%) Debian
13 1 (0.090%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 586 (52.75%) DevOps
2 508 (45.72%) Agile Software Development
3 358 (32.22%) Microservices
4 256 (23.04%) Software Engineering
5 159 (14.31%) Infrastructure as Code
6 142 (12.78%) Scrum
7 112 (10.08%) TDD
8 109 (9.81%) Mentoring
9 107 (9.63%) Open Source
9 107 (9.63%) Test Automation
10 100 (9.00%) Machine Learning
11 96 (8.64%) Site Reliability Engineering
12 95 (8.55%) Continuous Integration
13 88 (7.92%) Technical Leadership
14 87 (7.83%) Artificial Intelligence
15 79 (7.11%) SDLC
16 78 (7.02%) Analytics
17 76 (6.84%) Continuous Improvement
18 75 (6.75%) Migration
18 75 (6.75%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 314 (28.26%) Python
2 271 (24.39%) Java
3 219 (19.71%) JavaScript
4 152 (13.68%) C#
5 145 (13.05%) Go
6 111 (9.99%) SQL
7 83 (7.47%) PowerShell
8 78 (7.02%) TypeScript
9 75 (6.75%) Bash Shell
10 61 (5.49%) C++
11 33 (2.97%) Rust
12 26 (2.34%) C
13 20 (1.80%) Ruby
14 14 (1.26%) Java 8
14 14 (1.26%) Kotlin
14 14 (1.26%) Scala
15 10 (0.90%) Perl
15 10 (0.90%) Shell Script
16 9 (0.81%) T-SQL
17 8 (0.72%) PHP
Qualifications
1 87 (7.83%) Degree
2 77 (6.93%) Security Cleared
3 67 (6.03%) SC Cleared
4 22 (1.98%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (1.62%) CISSP
6 17 (1.53%) AWS Certification
7 11 (0.99%) ITIL Certification
8 8 (0.72%) CISA
9 7 (0.63%) CISM
10 5 (0.45%) OSCP
11 4 (0.36%) CRISC
11 4 (0.36%) ISSAP
11 4 (0.36%) ISSEP
11 4 (0.36%) Master's Degree
12 3 (0.27%) CEH
13 2 (0.18%) CSSLP
13 2 (0.18%) GIAC
13 2 (0.18%) PMP
13 2 (0.18%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 1 (0.090%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (3.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 30 (2.70%) QA
3 17 (1.53%) NIST
3 17 (1.53%) PMBOK
4 16 (1.44%) GDPR
5 15 (1.35%) Data Quality
6 8 (0.72%) SLA
7 5 (0.45%) SOC 2
7 5 (0.45%) WCAG
8 4 (0.36%) Basel III
8 4 (0.36%) NCSC
8 4 (0.36%) NIST 800
9 3 (0.27%) COBIT
9 3 (0.27%) Cyber Essentials
9 3 (0.27%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 2 (0.18%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.090%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.090%) PMO
System Software
1 317 (28.53%) Docker
2 78 (7.02%) Active Directory
3 26 (2.34%) Virtual Machines
4 20 (1.80%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.45%) VMware ESXi
6 3 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.27%) HDFS
6 3 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (0.18%) Ceph
7 2 (0.18%) Gluster
7 2 (0.18%) ISA Server
7 2 (0.18%) NDS
7 2 (0.18%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 2 (0.18%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.090%) DFS Replication
Systems Management
1 460 (41.40%) Kubernetes
2 325 (29.25%) Terraform
3 143 (12.87%) Ansible
4 80 (7.20%) Prometheus
5 61 (5.49%) Puppet
6 58 (5.22%) Grafana
7 47 (4.23%) Opscode Chef
8 24 (2.16%) Consul
9 21 (1.89%) Istio
10 18 (1.62%) Jamf Pro
11 16 (1.44%) Packer
12 15 (1.35%) Nagios
13 14 (1.26%) Graphite
13 14 (1.26%) Opsview
14 13 (1.17%) AirWatch
15 11 (0.99%) Kibana
15 11 (0.99%) Microsoft Intune
16 10 (0.90%) SCCM
17 7 (0.63%) Sysdig
18 5 (0.45%) Kustomize
Vendors
1 202 (18.18%) Microsoft
2 174 (15.66%) Google
3 65 (5.85%) SAP
4 40 (3.60%) VMware
5 38 (3.42%) Red Hat
6 37 (3.33%) Oracle
7 28 (2.52%) IBM
8 20 (1.80%) Databricks
9 19 (1.71%) Adobe
10 16 (1.44%) Salesforce.com
11 15 (1.35%) PagerDuty
12 14 (1.26%) Citrix
13 10 (0.90%) Cisco
13 10 (0.90%) Dynatrace
13 10 (0.90%) Sitecore
14 9 (0.81%) Atlassian
14 9 (0.81%) CyberArk
14 9 (0.81%) FNZ
14 9 (0.81%) ForgeRock
14 9 (0.81%) Pega