Period
to 16 December 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 632 1000 1159
Rank change year-on-year +368 +159 +137
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Native 553 201 51
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.35% 0.11% 0.028%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 0.84% 0.27% 0.069%
Number of salaries quoted 367 127 37
UK median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £75,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - -6.67% -11.76%
10th Percentile £42,450 £44,000 £55,000
90th Percentile £125,000 £100,500 £87,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £60,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year -8.33% -7.69% -

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 66,212 73,327 73,389
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.86% 41.16% 39.62%
Number of salaries quoted 50,830 55,441 60,065
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +1.19%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cloud Native.

Salary trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +340 495 £70,000 -6.67% 83
London +224 296 £77,500 -3.13% 47
UK excluding London +205 249 £55,000 -8.33% 58
North of England +124 107 £55,000 +12.82% 15
North West +68 59 £55,000 +12.82% 9
Yorkshire +71 46 £80,000 +42.22% 5
South East +13 46 £55,000 -12.00% 10
Wales +30 29 £60,000 +50.00% 6
East of England +50 27 £75,000 +25.00% 3
Scotland +5 13 £60,000 +36.36% 9
Northern Ireland - 13 £41,500 - 7
Midlands +20 10 £75,000 +15.38% 4
East Midlands +25 7 £75,000 +15.38% 1
North East - 6 £100,000 - 1
South West +4 4 £60,000 -4.00% 4
West Midlands +38 3 £37,500 -34.78% 3

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 367 (66.37%) Amazon AWS
2 342 (61.84%) Agile Software Development
3 311 (56.24%) DevOps
4 276 (49.91%) Microsoft Azure
5 254 (45.93%) Microservices
6 220 (39.78%) Java
7 197 (35.62%) Docker
8 159 (28.75%) Software Engineering
9 149 (26.94%) Kubernetes
10 141 (25.50%) Google Cloud Platform
11 132 (23.87%) PaaS
12 122 (22.06%) Python
13 117 (21.16%) AngularJS
14 113 (20.43%) .NET
15 112 (20.25%) Spring
16 111 (20.07%) Google
16 111 (20.07%) Degree
17 110 (19.89%) NoSQL
18 109 (19.71%) JavaScript
19 101 (18.26%) Test Automation
20 99 (17.90%) Scrum
21 96 (17.36%) TDD
21 96 (17.36%) SQL
22 94 (17.00%) Spring Boot
23 93 (16.82%) C#
23 93 (16.82%) Puppet
24 91 (16.46%) Linux
25 90 (16.27%) Web Services
26 88 (15.91%) Ansible
27 86 (15.55%) Cloud Foundry

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (15.55%) Cloud Foundry
2 49 (8.86%) Tomcat
3 40 (7.23%) WebLogic
3 40 (7.23%) WebSphere
4 35 (6.33%) CMS
5 34 (6.15%) EPiServer
6 32 (5.79%) Sitecore CMS
7 30 (5.42%) OpenStack
8 24 (4.34%) Apache Solr
9 20 (3.62%) Confluence
10 18 (3.25%) Elasticsearch
11 15 (2.71%) Apache Spark
12 13 (2.35%) Apache
13 12 (2.17%) WordPress
14 11 (1.99%) Mule
15 8 (1.45%) nginx
15 8 (1.45%) SAS
16 7 (1.27%) IIS
17 4 (0.72%) SharePoint
17 4 (0.72%) Umbraco
Applications
1 4 (0.72%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 31 (5.61%) Eloqua
2 4 (0.72%) thinkFolio
3 1 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.18%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 367 (66.37%) Amazon AWS
2 276 (49.91%) Microsoft Azure
3 141 (25.50%) Google Cloud Platform
4 132 (23.87%) PaaS
5 83 (15.01%) OpenShift
6 68 (12.30%) IBM Cloud
7 60 (10.85%) AWS CloudFormation
8 52 (9.40%) Serverless
9 35 (6.33%) Cloud Computing
10 34 (6.15%) npm
11 33 (5.97%) IaaS
11 33 (5.97%) SaaS
12 24 (4.34%) AWS Lambda
13 17 (3.07%) Amazon EC2
14 16 (2.89%) GitHub
15 14 (2.53%) Amazon S3
16 12 (2.17%) Route 53
17 8 (1.45%) Data Lake Analytics
17 8 (1.45%) Stackdriver
18 7 (1.27%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 19 (3.44%) DNS
2 16 (2.89%) HTTP
3 14 (2.53%) Broadband
4 11 (1.99%) Firewall
4 11 (1.99%) Internet
5 8 (1.45%) Wireshark
6 7 (1.27%) SSL
7 6 (1.08%) HTTPS
8 5 (0.90%) Network Security
8 5 (0.90%) TCP/IP
9 3 (0.54%) VPN
10 2 (0.36%) GSM
10 2 (0.36%) LAN
10 2 (0.36%) Packet Switching
10 2 (0.36%) SCCP
10 2 (0.36%) SMTP
10 2 (0.36%) TCAP
10 2 (0.36%) UMTS
10 2 (0.36%) VoIP
10 2 (0.36%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 110 (19.89%) NoSQL
2 69 (12.48%) MongoDB
3 51 (9.22%) SQL Server
4 44 (7.96%) Apache Cassandra
5 37 (6.69%) Hadoop
6 34 (6.15%) MySQL
7 31 (5.61%) Couchbase
7 31 (5.61%) PostgreSQL
8 28 (5.06%) Relational Database
9 25 (4.52%) Big Data
10 20 (3.62%) Azure SQL Database
11 13 (2.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 13 (2.35%) Amazon RDS
12 11 (1.99%) Cosmos DB
12 11 (1.99%) Data Lake
13 10 (1.81%) Blockchain
14 8 (1.45%) RDBMS
14 8 (1.45%) StreamInsight
15 7 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
16 6 (1.08%) Adabas
Development Applications
1 75 (13.56%) Git (software)
2 55 (9.95%) gulp
2 55 (9.95%) Selenium
3 51 (9.22%) Jenkins
3 51 (9.22%) TeamCity
4 45 (8.14%) Octopus Deploy
5 41 (7.41%) Team Foundation Server
5 41 (7.41%) Visual Studio
6 32 (5.79%) Mocha
7 31 (5.61%) Bower
7 31 (5.61%) Karma Test Runner
7 31 (5.61%) Protractor
7 31 (5.61%) Sinon.JS
8 29 (5.24%) Cucumber
9 24 (4.34%) Maven
10 22 (3.98%) JIRA
11 17 (3.07%) SonarQube
12 14 (2.53%) Visual Studio Team System
13 13 (2.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 12 (2.17%) Bitbucket
General
1 71 (12.84%) Finance
2 58 (10.49%) Marketing
3 37 (6.69%) Banking
4 35 (6.33%) Advertising
5 26 (4.70%) Retail
6 8 (1.45%) Games
7 5 (0.90%) Manufacturing
7 5 (0.90%) Retail Banking
8 4 (0.72%) Front Office
8 4 (0.72%) Interactive Media
9 3 (0.54%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.54%) Investment Banking
9 3 (0.54%) Law
9 3 (0.54%) Legal
10 1 (0.18%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 183 (33.09%) Architect
2 159 (28.75%) Developer
3 85 (15.37%) Cloud Architect
4 62 (11.21%) .NET Developer
5 57 (10.31%) Software Engineer
6 54 (9.76%) Solutions Architect
7 51 (9.22%) AWS Architect
8 46 (8.32%) Azure Architect
8 46 (8.32%) Java Developer
9 43 (7.78%) Cloud Engineer
10 40 (7.23%) Cloud Native Architect
11 37 (6.69%) Cloud Developer
12 34 (6.15%) DevOps Engineer
12 34 (6.15%) Technical Architect
13 33 (5.97%) Java Architect
14 31 (5.61%) Senior Architect
15 29 (5.24%) C# Developer
16 28 (5.06%) AWS Engineer
17 27 (4.88%) C# .NET Developer
18 26 (4.70%) Java Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 117 (21.16%) AngularJS
2 113 (20.43%) .NET
3 112 (20.25%) Spring
4 94 (17.00%) Spring Boot
5 90 (16.27%) Web Services
6 81 (14.65%) RESTful
7 72 (13.02%) CSS
8 62 (11.21%) Sass
9 61 (11.03%) HTML
10 60 (10.85%) Java EE
11 58 (10.49%) REST
12 45 (8.14%) Node.js
12 45 (8.14%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 42 (7.59%) Spring Cloud
14 38 (6.87%) HTML5
14 38 (6.87%) jQuery
15 37 (6.69%) Ember.js
16 36 (6.51%) CSS3
16 36 (6.51%) LESS
17 34 (6.15%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 60 (10.85%) User Experience
2 56 (10.13%) Fintech
3 52 (9.40%) Hybrid Cloud
4 35 (6.33%) Analytical Skills
5 34 (6.15%) Public Cloud
6 31 (5.61%) Self-Motivation
7 28 (5.06%) Enterprise Software
8 25 (4.52%) Blog
9 18 (3.25%) Management Information System
10 17 (3.07%) Greenfield Project
11 12 (2.17%) Mobile App
12 11 (1.99%) Linux Command Line
13 10 (1.81%) Internet of Things
14 9 (1.63%) Data Centre
14 9 (1.63%) Virtual Team
15 7 (1.27%) Graphic Design
15 7 (1.27%) Private Cloud
16 5 (0.90%) Life Science
16 5 (0.90%) NHS
17 4 (0.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 91 (16.46%) Linux
2 37 (6.69%) Windows
3 17 (3.07%) Unix
4 15 (2.71%) Ubuntu
5 13 (2.35%) Windows Server
6 11 (1.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 10 (1.81%) CentOS
8 8 (1.45%) Android
9 4 (0.72%) Debian
10 3 (0.54%) AIX
10 3 (0.54%) Apple iOS
11 2 (0.36%) Amazon Linux
12 1 (0.18%) DC/OS
12 1 (0.18%) Mesosphere
12 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 342 (61.84%) Agile Software Development
2 311 (56.24%) DevOps
3 254 (45.93%) Microservices
4 159 (28.75%) Software Engineering
5 101 (18.26%) Test Automation
6 99 (17.90%) Scrum
7 96 (17.36%) TDD
8 81 (14.65%) Domain-Driven Design
9 76 (13.74%) Analytics
9 76 (13.74%) Continuous Integration
10 73 (13.20%) Problem-Solving
11 70 (12.66%) Re-Platforming
12 67 (12.12%) Continuous Delivery
12 67 (12.12%) Open Source
13 63 (11.39%) BDD
14 62 (11.21%) Continuous Improvement
15 55 (9.95%) Computer Science
16 54 (9.76%) Refactoring
17 52 (9.40%) The Twelve-Factor App
17 52 (9.40%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 220 (39.78%) Java
2 122 (22.06%) Python
3 109 (19.71%) JavaScript
4 96 (17.36%) SQL
5 93 (16.82%) C#
6 47 (8.50%) Go
7 37 (6.69%) Java 8
8 32 (5.79%) Ruby
9 31 (5.61%) Bash Shell
9 31 (5.61%) PowerShell
10 20 (3.62%) PHP
11 11 (1.99%) TypeScript
12 9 (1.63%) R
13 8 (1.45%) Groovy
14 7 (1.27%) C++
15 6 (1.08%) Scala
15 6 (1.08%) Shell Script
15 6 (1.08%) T-SQL
16 5 (0.90%) Apple Swift
16 5 (0.90%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 111 (20.07%) Degree
2 31 (5.61%) SAFe Agilist
3 16 (2.89%) CISSP
4 15 (2.71%) Computer Science Degree
5 14 (2.53%) Master's Degree
6 11 (1.99%) AWS Certification
6 11 (1.99%) SC Cleared
6 11 (1.99%) Security Cleared
7 10 (1.81%) Cisco Certification
8 5 (0.90%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 5 (0.90%) CCIE
8 5 (0.90%) CCNA
8 5 (0.90%) GIAC
8 5 (0.90%) TOGAF Certification
9 4 (0.72%) CESG Certified Professional
9 4 (0.72%) ISACA
9 4 (0.72%) ISSAP
9 4 (0.72%) MBA
9 4 (0.72%) PhD
9 4 (0.72%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (7.41%) QA
2 11 (1.99%) Disclosure Scotland
3 9 (1.63%) Data Quality
4 6 (1.08%) GDPR
5 4 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.18%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.18%) PSD2
System Software
1 197 (35.62%) Docker
2 24 (4.34%) VMware Infrastructure
3 7 (1.27%) Active Directory
3 7 (1.27%) HDFS
4 3 (0.54%) Ceph
5 1 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.18%) etcd
5 1 (0.18%) KVM
5 1 (0.18%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 149 (26.94%) Kubernetes
2 93 (16.82%) Puppet
3 88 (15.91%) Ansible
4 60 (10.85%) Opscode Chef
5 55 (9.95%) Terraform
6 14 (2.53%) Salt
7 12 (2.17%) Packer
8 10 (1.81%) Consul
9 8 (1.45%) Docker Swarm
9 8 (1.45%) Prometheus
10 7 (1.27%) Grafana
10 7 (1.27%) Kibana
11 6 (1.08%) Hadoop YARN
11 6 (1.08%) logstash
12 5 (0.90%) HAProxy
12 5 (0.90%) Mesos
13 4 (0.72%) Cacti
13 4 (0.72%) Icinga
13 4 (0.72%) Rancher
14 3 (0.54%) Istio
Vendors
1 111 (20.07%) Google
2 77 (13.92%) Red Hat
3 72 (13.02%) IBM
4 41 (7.41%) SAP
5 34 (6.15%) Oracle
6 32 (5.79%) Sitecore
7 31 (5.61%) Marketo
7 31 (5.61%) Microsoft
8 28 (5.06%) Alias
9 27 (4.88%) VMware
10 20 (3.62%) Cognizant
11 18 (3.25%) Atlassian
12 14 (2.53%) Splunk
13 10 (1.81%) Adobe
13 10 (1.81%) Cisco
14 8 (1.45%) IDERA
15 7 (1.27%) MuleSoft
15 7 (1.27%) NetApp
15 7 (1.27%) New Relic
16 6 (1.08%) webMethods