Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 167 256 315
Rank change year-on-year +89 +59 +208
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Native 4,559 1,436 770
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 2.51% 1.33% 0.97%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 5.33% 3.36% 2.67%
Number of salaries quoted 1,416 939 539
10th Percentile £52,950 £50,000 £48,750
25th Percentile £62,500 £62,500 £60,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £77,500 £77,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.23% - +3.33%
75th Percentile £100,000 £97,500 £92,500
90th Percentile £120,000 £110,000 £111,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +7.69% -3.70% +8.00%

Cloud Native is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 85,537 42,796 28,792
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 47.08% 39.70% 36.45%
Number of salaries quoted 34,479 26,431 22,822
10th Percentile £33,984 £32,500 £31,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £61,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.09% +4.55% +0.35%
75th Percentile £82,500 £78,750 £77,500
90th Percentile £101,250 £96,250 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Salary trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +83 3,417 £80,000 - 229
London +48 2,294 £90,000 +2.86% 137
Work from Home +126 2,285 £80,000 +6.67% 89
UK excluding London +108 1,166 £70,000 +7.69% 100
North of England +54 350 £80,000 +28.00% 36
South East +17 272 £76,250 +5.17% 15
North West +68 254 £70,000 +1.82% 21
South West +64 160 £72,500 +3.57% 12
Midlands +20 140 £60,000 -14.29% 16
East of England +6 107 £51,250 -43.06% 9
Scotland -11 95 £65,000 +0.78% 4
Yorkshire -24 90 £80,000 +33.33% 12
East Midlands +25 73 £60,000 -25.00% 2
West Midlands -26 67 £60,000 -14.29% 14
Northern Ireland +15 42 £52,500 -8.70% 3
Wales - 11 £39,679 - 5
North East -27 6 £43,500 -33.08% 3

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 3,161 (69.34%) AWS
2 2,851 (62.54%) Agile
3 2,486 (54.53%) DevOps
4 2,148 (47.12%) CI/CD
5 2,088 (45.80%) Azure
6 1,938 (42.51%) Kubernetes
7 1,815 (39.81%) Python
8 1,567 (34.37%) Software Engineering
9 1,535 (33.67%) Java
10 1,500 (32.90%) Finance
11 1,494 (32.77%) Microservices
12 1,390 (30.49%) GCP
13 1,389 (30.47%) Docker
14 1,386 (30.40%) Terraform
15 1,168 (25.62%) JavaScript
16 1,145 (25.12%) Scrum
17 1,143 (25.07%) Infrastructure as Code
18 1,085 (23.80%) React
19 1,072 (23.51%) Git (software)
20 965 (21.17%) Social Skills
21 942 (20.66%) Full Stack Development
22 936 (20.53%) Serverless
23 926 (20.31%) Node.js
24 915 (20.07%) Test Automation
25 913 (20.03%) TDD
26 880 (19.30%) SQL
26 880 (19.30%) Kafka
27 846 (18.56%) .NET
28 797 (17.48%) Jenkins
29 779 (17.09%) Mentoring

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 195 (4.28%) Apache Spark
2 140 (3.07%) Confluence
3 129 (2.83%) Apache
4 83 (1.82%) Apache Airflow
4 83 (1.82%) CMS
5 65 (1.43%) Headless CMS
6 38 (0.83%) Cloud Foundry
7 33 (0.72%) IIS
8 23 (0.50%) SharePoint
9 22 (0.48%) Jetty
10 18 (0.39%) nginx
11 13 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 12 (0.26%) Apache Synapse
13 11 (0.24%) Apache Solr
13 11 (0.24%) OpenStack
14 9 (0.20%) EPiServer
14 9 (0.20%) IBM Domino
15 8 (0.18%) DNN
15 8 (0.18%) Ethereum
15 8 (0.18%) MQSeries
Applications
1 23 (0.50%) Sketch
2 15 (0.33%) InVision
3 14 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.066%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.066%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.044%) AutoCAD
6 2 (0.044%) Revit
7 1 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.022%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.022%) Microsoft Excel
7 1 (0.022%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 34 (0.75%) Payment Gateway
2 24 (0.53%) R3 Corda
3 16 (0.35%) Dynamics NAV
4 13 (0.29%) Magento
5 9 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
6 8 (0.18%) Fidessa
6 8 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
6 8 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
7 5 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
8 4 (0.088%) Shopify
9 3 (0.066%) NetSuite
9 3 (0.066%) Oracle Applications
10 2 (0.044%) SAP ERP
10 2 (0.044%) SAP GRC
10 2 (0.044%) SAP Hybris
10 2 (0.044%) SAP MDG
10 2 (0.044%) thinkFolio
11 1 (0.022%) Dynamics CRM
11 1 (0.022%) Oracle BPM
11 1 (0.022%) SAP APO
Cloud Services
1 3,161 (69.34%) AWS
2 2,088 (45.80%) Azure
3 1,390 (30.49%) GCP
4 936 (20.53%) Serverless
5 600 (13.16%) SaaS
6 527 (11.56%) GitHub
7 522 (11.45%) AWS CloudFormation
8 448 (9.83%) AWS Lambda
9 360 (7.90%) Azure DevOps
9 360 (7.90%) PaaS
10 319 (7.00%) Cloud Computing
11 313 (6.87%) Amazon EKS
12 280 (6.14%) Amazon S3
13 246 (5.40%) IaaS
14 219 (4.80%) Datadog
15 197 (4.32%) Azure AKS
16 195 (4.28%) OpenShift
17 186 (4.08%) Amazon Kinesis
18 178 (3.90%) Amazon ECS
19 150 (3.29%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 147 (3.22%) Firewall
2 132 (2.90%) HTTP
3 114 (2.50%) Network Security
4 89 (1.95%) DNS
5 83 (1.82%) Internet
6 54 (1.18%) Software-Defined Networking
7 46 (1.01%) VPN
8 26 (0.57%) Broadband
9 25 (0.55%) DSL
10 24 (0.53%) DHCP
11 23 (0.50%) WAN
12 22 (0.48%) Intranet
13 19 (0.42%) PPP
14 17 (0.37%) TCP/IP
15 15 (0.33%) SMS
16 13 (0.29%) SD-WAN
17 11 (0.24%) SSL
18 10 (0.22%) AMQP
18 10 (0.22%) DMZ
18 10 (0.22%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 595 (13.05%) NoSQL
2 423 (9.28%) PostgreSQL
3 253 (5.55%) Big Data
3 253 (5.55%) Elasticsearch
4 237 (5.20%) MySQL
5 226 (4.96%) DynamoDB
6 217 (4.76%) MongoDB
7 199 (4.36%) Relational Database
8 189 (4.15%) SQL Server
9 187 (4.10%) Redis
10 174 (3.82%) Data Warehouse
11 150 (3.29%) Amazon RDS
12 115 (2.52%) BigQuery
13 107 (2.35%) Amazon Aurora
14 106 (2.33%) Data Lake
15 103 (2.26%) Amazon Redshift
16 88 (1.93%) RDBMS
17 87 (1.91%) Apache Cassandra
18 72 (1.58%) Metadata
18 72 (1.58%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 1,072 (23.51%) Git (software)
2 797 (17.48%) Jenkins
3 242 (5.31%) GitLab
4 179 (3.93%) JIRA
5 154 (3.38%) Selenium
6 128 (2.81%) Cucumber
7 125 (2.74%) Cypress.io
8 123 (2.70%) Maven
9 122 (2.68%) JUnit
10 108 (2.37%) CircleCI
11 85 (1.86%) Storybook
12 80 (1.75%) webpack
13 74 (1.62%) RSpec
14 73 (1.60%) TeamCity
15 61 (1.34%) Bitbucket
16 56 (1.23%) Octopus Deploy
16 56 (1.23%) Spinnaker
17 50 (1.10%) Travis CI
18 49 (1.07%) Postman
19 43 (0.94%) Gradle
General
1 1,500 (32.90%) Finance
2 965 (21.17%) Social Skills
3 449 (9.85%) Banking
4 391 (8.58%) Analytical Skills
5 383 (8.40%) Retail
6 352 (7.72%) Public Sector
7 277 (6.08%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 226 (4.96%) Games
9 215 (4.72%) Manufacturing
10 200 (4.39%) Marketing
11 117 (2.57%) Automotive
12 104 (2.28%) Legal
13 88 (1.93%) Advertising
14 86 (1.89%) Presentation Skills
15 71 (1.56%) Back Office
16 54 (1.18%) Publishing
17 53 (1.16%) Financial Institution
18 50 (1.10%) Esports
19 49 (1.07%) Law
20 47 (1.03%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 889 (19.50%) Developer
2 782 (17.15%) Software Engineer
3 559 (12.26%) DevOps Engineer
4 553 (12.13%) Architect
5 385 (8.44%) Cloud Engineer
6 301 (6.60%) Senior Developer
7 291 (6.38%) Senior DevOps
8 265 (5.81%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 245 (5.37%) Solutions Architect
10 240 (5.26%) Technical Leader
11 236 (5.18%) Senior Software Engineer
12 222 (4.87%) Data Engineer
13 191 (4.19%) Full Stack Developer
14 176 (3.86%) Cloud Architect
15 144 (3.16%) Consultant
16 143 (3.14%) Java Engineer
17 142 (3.11%) Software Developer
18 134 (2.94%) Principal Engineer
19 131 (2.87%) AWS Engineer
20 127 (2.79%) Senior Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,085 (23.80%) React
2 926 (20.31%) Node.js
3 880 (19.30%) Kafka
4 846 (18.56%) .NET
5 472 (10.35%) AngularJS
6 377 (8.27%) REST
7 363 (7.96%) .NET Core
8 334 (7.33%) Spring
9 302 (6.62%) GraphQL
10 265 (5.81%) Spring Boot
11 252 (5.53%) HTML
12 237 (5.20%) CSS
13 219 (4.80%) RESTful
14 168 (3.69%) JSON
15 155 (3.40%) HTML5
16 142 (3.11%) Web Services
17 138 (3.03%) React Native
18 127 (2.79%) .NET Framework
19 112 (2.46%) Swagger
20 108 (2.37%) Next.js
Miscellaneous
1 770 (16.89%) Public Cloud
2 233 (5.11%) User Experience
3 217 (4.76%) Algorithms
4 207 (4.54%) Mobile App
5 204 (4.47%) Life Science
6 183 (4.01%) Self-Motivation
7 162 (3.55%) Data Centre
8 156 (3.42%) Greenfield Project
9 154 (3.38%) IoT
10 145 (3.18%) Management Information System
11 140 (3.07%) Blockchain
12 136 (2.98%) Virtual Team
13 135 (2.96%) Data Structures
14 133 (2.92%) Hybrid Cloud
14 133 (2.92%) iPhone
15 125 (2.74%) Blog
16 121 (2.65%) Enterprise Software
17 93 (2.04%) Mobile Payment
17 93 (2.04%) Renewable Energy
18 78 (1.71%) Hackathon
Operating Systems
1 613 (13.45%) Linux
2 239 (5.24%) Windows
3 125 (2.74%) Unix
4 59 (1.29%) Android
5 54 (1.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 50 (1.10%) Windows Server
7 45 (0.99%) Mac OS
8 44 (0.97%) Apple iOS
9 24 (0.53%) VMS
10 13 (0.29%) Kali Linux
10 13 (0.29%) Ubuntu
11 10 (0.22%) Windows 10
12 8 (0.18%) Solaris
13 7 (0.15%) CentOS
14 3 (0.066%) CatOS
14 3 (0.066%) Windows Server 2003
14 3 (0.066%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.066%) Windows Server 2016
14 3 (0.066%) Windows Server 2019
15 2 (0.044%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,851 (62.54%) Agile
2 2,486 (54.53%) DevOps
3 2,148 (47.12%) CI/CD
4 1,567 (34.37%) Software Engineering
5 1,494 (32.77%) Microservices
6 1,145 (25.12%) Scrum
7 1,143 (25.07%) Infrastructure as Code
8 942 (20.66%) Full Stack Development
9 915 (20.07%) Test Automation
10 913 (20.03%) TDD
11 779 (17.09%) Mentoring
12 656 (14.39%) Problem-Solving
13 581 (12.74%) Continuous Integration
14 577 (12.66%) SDLC
15 563 (12.35%) Continuous Delivery
16 526 (11.54%) Open Source
17 509 (11.16%) Analytics
18 504 (11.06%) Computer Science
19 479 (10.51%) BDD
20 477 (10.46%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 1,815 (39.81%) Python
2 1,535 (33.67%) Java
3 1,168 (25.62%) JavaScript
4 880 (19.30%) SQL
5 647 (14.19%) C#
6 576 (12.63%) TypeScript
7 527 (11.56%) Go
8 384 (8.42%) Bash
9 322 (7.06%) PowerShell
10 303 (6.65%) Ruby
11 248 (5.44%) Scala
12 200 (4.39%) Kotlin
13 173 (3.79%) Groovy
14 105 (2.30%) R
15 77 (1.69%) C++
16 74 (1.62%) PHP
17 69 (1.51%) ES6
18 64 (1.40%) C
19 53 (1.16%) Shell Script
20 33 (0.72%) Rust
Qualifications
1 642 (14.08%) Degree
2 243 (5.33%) Security Cleared
3 220 (4.83%) Computer Science Degree
4 193 (4.23%) SC Cleared
5 192 (4.21%) AWS Certification
6 72 (1.58%) Numerate Degree
7 62 (1.36%) Master's Degree
8 28 (0.61%) CISSP
9 21 (0.46%) PhD
10 19 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
11 18 (0.39%) PMI Certification
12 13 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
13 11 (0.24%) CISM
13 11 (0.24%) OSCP
14 10 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
15 9 (0.20%) CCNA
15 9 (0.20%) CCNP
15 9 (0.20%) NCDA
15 9 (0.20%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 6 (0.13%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 327 (7.17%) QA
2 104 (2.28%) Accessibility
3 88 (1.93%) GDPR
4 84 (1.84%) Data Quality
5 60 (1.32%) SOC 2
6 53 (1.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 44 (0.97%) PCI DSS
8 30 (0.66%) NIST
9 27 (0.59%) SLA
10 22 (0.48%) Cyber Essentials
10 22 (0.48%) GxP
11 14 (0.31%) HIPAA
11 14 (0.31%) SOC 1
12 13 (0.29%) ISO 9001
13 12 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 8 (0.18%) HL7
15 7 (0.15%) NCSC
16 5 (0.11%) GRC
17 4 (0.088%) COBIT
17 4 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 1,389 (30.47%) Docker
2 126 (2.76%) Active Directory
3 118 (2.59%) Virtual Machines
4 43 (0.94%) VMware Infrastructure
5 23 (0.50%) ISA Server
6 17 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 16 (0.35%) Virtual Desktop
8 11 (0.24%) Hyper-V
9 9 (0.20%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 9 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
9 9 (0.20%) vSphere
10 7 (0.15%) Firmware
11 5 (0.11%) Ceph
11 5 (0.11%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 5 (0.11%) etcd
11 5 (0.11%) Slurm Workload Manager
11 5 (0.11%) Varnish
12 4 (0.088%) NFS
12 4 (0.088%) Samba
12 4 (0.088%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1,938 (42.51%) Kubernetes
2 1,386 (30.40%) Terraform
3 587 (12.88%) Ansible
4 272 (5.97%) Puppet
5 250 (5.48%) Opscode Chef
6 223 (4.89%) Prometheus
7 191 (4.19%) Grafana
8 72 (1.58%) Istio
9 69 (1.51%) Kibana
10 67 (1.47%) Packer
11 53 (1.16%) Single Sign-On
12 44 (0.97%) SCCM
13 31 (0.68%) Rancher
14 29 (0.64%) logstash
15 28 (0.61%) Failover Clustering
16 23 (0.50%) Graphite
16 23 (0.50%) StatsD
17 20 (0.44%) HAProxy
17 20 (0.44%) Mesos
18 19 (0.42%) Consul
Vendors
1 620 (13.60%) Google
2 457 (10.02%) Microsoft
3 205 (4.50%) Oracle
4 100 (2.19%) Salesforce.com
5 79 (1.73%) Atlassian
6 66 (1.45%) Spotify
7 53 (1.16%) New Relic
8 51 (1.12%) Splunk
9 50 (1.10%) VMware
10 49 (1.07%) SAP
11 44 (0.97%) Databricks
11 44 (0.97%) PagerDuty
11 44 (0.97%) Red Hat
12 34 (0.75%) Mapbox
13 33 (0.72%) IBM
14 30 (0.66%) Dell
15 28 (0.61%) ServiceNow
16 26 (0.57%) BT
16 26 (0.57%) Confluent
17 25 (0.55%) Virgin Media