Period
to 3 March 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 272 383 598
Rank change year-on-year +111 +215 +366
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Native 873 947 622
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.15% 0.78% 0.42%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.94% 2.01% 1.05%
Number of salaries quoted 858 749 421
Median annual salary £75,000 £80,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -6.25% +14.29% -3.45%
10th Percentile £45,000 £47,600 £40,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £120,000 £117,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £65,523 £67,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year -2.93% +22.73% -8.33%

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 29,677 47,105 59,157
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.21% 38.56% 39.61%
Number of salaries quoted 21,758 36,676 45,537
Median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,405
90th Percentile £95,000 £93,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £46,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.15% +3.33% +2.79%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Salary trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Salary histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +125 810 £75,000 -6.25% 241
London +92 492 £75,000 -14.29% 133
UK excluding London +127 329 £65,523 -2.93% 124
Work from Home -16 179 £75,000 -9.09% 53
South East +153 108 £72,500 - 33
North of England +36 87 £62,500 +4.17% 41
Midlands +29 43 £70,000 -9.68% 19
Yorkshire +31 41 £50,000 -25.93% 14
South West +50 37 £87,500 +75.00% 7
North West +17 34 £62,500 +20.19% 18
Scotland +26 30 £50,000 - 9
West Midlands +54 29 £70,000 -12.50% 15
East of England +86 22 £60,000 - 8
East Midlands +5 14 £80,000 +6.67% 4
North East +27 12 £65,000 +30.00% 9
Wales +25 1 £75,000 +27.66% 3
Northern Ireland +9 1 £40,000 +6.67% 4

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 535 (61.28%) AWS
2 468 (53.61%) DevOps
3 443 (50.74%) Azure
4 406 (46.51%) Agile Software Development
5 347 (39.75%) Kubernetes
6 300 (34.36%) Microservices
7 299 (34.25%) Python
8 292 (33.45%) Terraform
9 290 (33.22%) Docker
10 245 (28.06%) GCP
11 238 (27.26%) Finance
12 211 (24.17%) Java
13 202 (23.14%) PaaS
14 183 (20.96%) Software Engineering
15 174 (19.93%) JavaScript
16 156 (17.87%) Linux
17 154 (17.64%) Google
18 151 (17.30%) Serverless
19 138 (15.81%) SaaS
20 135 (15.46%) Node.js
20 135 (15.46%) Ansible
21 134 (15.35%) Microsoft
22 132 (15.12%) Scrum
23 125 (14.32%) .NET
24 118 (13.52%) React
25 116 (13.29%) Go
25 116 (13.29%) IaaS
26 114 (13.06%) Banking
27 108 (12.37%) Git (software)
28 107 (12.26%) Infrastructure as Code

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (5.27%) Elasticsearch
2 37 (4.24%) Cloud Foundry
3 21 (2.41%) Apache Spark
3 21 (2.41%) OpenStack
4 17 (1.95%) Tomcat
5 14 (1.60%) CMS
6 13 (1.49%) Tornado
7 12 (1.37%) SharePoint
7 12 (1.37%) WebSphere
8 11 (1.26%) WebLogic
9 10 (1.15%) Sitecore CMS
10 7 (0.80%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 7 (0.80%) Confluence
11 4 (0.46%) Apache
11 4 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.34%) Headless CMS
12 3 (0.34%) nginx
12 3 (0.34%) Umbraco
13 2 (0.23%) Camunda
14 1 (0.11%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 1 (0.11%) AutoCAD
1 1 (0.11%) Revit
Business Applications
1 12 (1.37%) SAP Hybris
2 7 (0.80%) Oracle BPM
3 6 (0.69%) Sentinel
4 3 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.11%) Sage X3
Cloud Services
1 535 (61.28%) AWS
2 443 (50.74%) Azure
3 245 (28.06%) GCP
4 202 (23.14%) PaaS
5 151 (17.30%) Serverless
6 138 (15.81%) SaaS
7 116 (13.29%) IaaS
8 91 (10.42%) AWS Lambda
9 69 (7.90%) Azure Functions
10 68 (7.79%) Amazon EKS
11 63 (7.22%) OpenShift
12 49 (5.61%) Power Platform
13 46 (5.27%) AWS CloudFormation
14 39 (4.47%) Amazon ECS
15 37 (4.24%) IBM Cloud
16 33 (3.78%) Cloud Functions
17 32 (3.67%) Firebase
18 29 (3.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 28 (3.21%) PowerApps
20 25 (2.86%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 39 (4.47%) DNS
2 31 (3.55%) Internet
3 19 (2.18%) Network Security
4 11 (1.26%) HTTP
5 10 (1.15%) AMQP
6 8 (0.92%) Firewall
7 7 (0.80%) TCP/IP
8 4 (0.46%) LAN
8 4 (0.46%) WAN
9 3 (0.34%) 5G
9 3 (0.34%) CTI
9 3 (0.34%) Software-Defined Networking
9 3 (0.34%) SSL
10 2 (0.23%) DHCP
10 2 (0.23%) SAN
10 2 (0.23%) VLAN
11 1 (0.11%) Broadband
11 1 (0.11%) FTP
11 1 (0.11%) Intrusion Detection
11 1 (0.11%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 86 (9.85%) NoSQL
2 66 (7.56%) PostgreSQL
3 63 (7.22%) Big Data
4 52 (5.96%) SQL Server
5 51 (5.84%) MongoDB
6 40 (4.58%) Redis
7 39 (4.47%) Relational Database
8 33 (3.78%) MySQL
9 27 (3.09%) Apache Cassandra
10 22 (2.52%) Cosmos DB
11 21 (2.41%) BigQuery
12 20 (2.29%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 20 (2.29%) Hadoop
13 16 (1.83%) Azure SQL Database
13 16 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
14 15 (1.72%) Power BI
15 13 (1.49%) Amazon RDS
15 13 (1.49%) Amazon Redshift
16 12 (1.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 9 (1.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 108 (12.37%) Git (software)
2 95 (10.88%) Jenkins
3 49 (5.61%) GitLab
4 22 (2.52%) Bitbucket
5 21 (2.41%) JIRA
6 17 (1.95%) Visual Studio
7 16 (1.83%) Maven
8 14 (1.60%) CircleCI
9 11 (1.26%) Cypress.io
9 11 (1.26%) JUnit
10 8 (0.92%) Subversion
11 7 (0.80%) Artifactory
11 7 (0.80%) Gradle
12 5 (0.57%) Visual Studio Team System
13 4 (0.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 4 (0.46%) Selenium
14 3 (0.34%) Cucumber
14 3 (0.34%) Metasploit
14 3 (0.34%) SonarQube
14 3 (0.34%) TeamCity
General
1 238 (27.26%) Finance
2 114 (13.06%) Banking
3 70 (8.02%) Public Sector
4 60 (6.87%) Retail
5 58 (6.64%) Manufacturing
6 54 (6.19%) Telecoms
7 48 (5.50%) Games
8 32 (3.67%) Marketing
9 29 (3.32%) Law
10 27 (3.09%) Automotive
11 26 (2.98%) Electronics
12 25 (2.86%) Publishing
13 18 (2.06%) Financial Institution
14 17 (1.95%) Legal
15 9 (1.03%) Advertising
16 3 (0.34%) Front Office
17 2 (0.23%) Billing
18 1 (0.11%) International Banking
18 1 (0.11%) Mandarin Language
18 1 (0.11%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 182 (20.85%) DevOps Engineer
2 171 (19.59%) Architect
3 162 (18.56%) Developer
4 70 (8.02%) Cloud Engineer
5 69 (7.90%) AWS Engineer
5 69 (7.90%) Cloud Architect
6 68 (7.79%) Software Engineer
7 64 (7.33%) AWS DevOps
8 59 (6.76%) Solutions Architect
9 54 (6.19%) Azure Engineer
9 54 (6.19%) Full Stack Developer
10 48 (5.50%) Senior DevOps
11 44 (5.04%) AWS Architect
11 44 (5.04%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 42 (4.81%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 40 (4.58%) Azure Architect
14 37 (4.24%) Azure DevOps Engineer
15 33 (3.78%) Senior Developer
15 33 (3.78%) Senior Software Engineer
16 31 (3.55%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 135 (15.46%) Node.js
2 125 (14.32%) .NET
3 118 (13.52%) React
4 81 (9.28%) AngularJS
5 77 (8.82%) Kafka
6 76 (8.71%) Spring
7 75 (8.59%) Spring Boot
8 65 (7.45%) CSS
9 64 (7.33%) Web Services
10 56 (6.41%) HTML
11 55 (6.30%) HTML5
12 54 (6.19%) .NET Core
13 51 (5.84%) REST
14 49 (5.61%) CSS3
15 32 (3.67%) Serverless Framework
16 31 (3.55%) AWS Amplify
16 31 (3.55%) Ember.js
17 28 (3.21%) .NET Framework
17 28 (3.21%) ASP.NET
18 24 (2.75%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 80 (9.16%) Public Cloud
2 53 (6.07%) Greenfield Project
3 44 (5.04%) Self-Motivation
4 42 (4.81%) Mobile App
5 30 (3.44%) Hybrid Cloud
6 23 (2.63%) Private Cloud
7 22 (2.52%) Algorithms
7 22 (2.52%) Data Structures
8 16 (1.83%) Blog
9 14 (1.60%) Analytical Skills
9 14 (1.60%) PKI
10 12 (1.37%) User Experience
11 9 (1.03%) Enterprise Cloud
11 9 (1.03%) FMCG
12 8 (0.92%) Data Centre
13 7 (0.80%) Management Information System
13 7 (0.80%) Mobile Banking
14 6 (0.69%) Replication
14 6 (0.69%) Social Media
14 6 (0.69%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 156 (17.87%) Linux
2 43 (4.93%) Windows
3 33 (3.78%) Unix
4 23 (2.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 7 (0.80%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.34%) Android
6 3 (0.34%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.23%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.11%) CentOS
8 1 (0.11%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.11%) VMS
8 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
8 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 468 (53.61%) DevOps
2 406 (46.51%) Agile Software Development
3 300 (34.36%) Microservices
4 183 (20.96%) Software Engineering
5 132 (15.12%) Scrum
6 107 (12.26%) Infrastructure as Code
7 106 (12.14%) TDD
8 88 (10.08%) Machine Learning
9 83 (9.51%) DevSecOps
10 78 (8.93%) Test Automation
11 74 (8.48%) Site Reliability Engineering
12 73 (8.36%) Open Source
13 69 (7.90%) BDD
14 68 (7.79%) Continuous Integration
15 63 (7.22%) Domain-Driven Design
16 62 (7.10%) Data Science
16 62 (7.10%) Thought Leadership
17 60 (6.87%) Fintech
17 60 (6.87%) Mentoring
18 58 (6.64%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 299 (34.25%) Python
2 211 (24.17%) Java
3 174 (19.93%) JavaScript
4 116 (13.29%) Go
5 105 (12.03%) C#
6 95 (10.88%) SQL
7 78 (8.93%) Bash Shell
8 50 (5.73%) PowerShell
9 47 (5.38%) C++
10 38 (4.35%) TypeScript
11 28 (3.21%) Ruby
11 28 (3.21%) Scala
12 25 (2.86%) Rust
13 18 (2.06%) C
14 16 (1.83%) R
15 15 (1.72%) Java 8
16 10 (1.15%) Perl
17 7 (0.80%) T-SQL
18 5 (0.57%) ES6
19 4 (0.46%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 39 (4.47%) Security Cleared
2 35 (4.01%) Degree
3 27 (3.09%) SC Cleared
4 14 (1.60%) AWS Certification
5 13 (1.49%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (1.15%) Cisco Certification
6 10 (1.15%) ITIL Certification
7 9 (1.03%) CCNA
8 4 (0.46%) CISSP
9 3 (0.34%) CCNP
9 3 (0.34%) CISM
9 3 (0.34%) CRISC
9 3 (0.34%) DV Cleared
9 3 (0.34%) MCSE
9 3 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
10 2 (0.23%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.23%) PhD
10 2 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
11 1 (0.11%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 1 (0.11%) GPEN
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (3.09%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 19 (2.18%) NIST
2 19 (2.18%) QA
3 17 (1.95%) PMBOK
4 12 (1.37%) GDPR
5 11 (1.26%) SLA
6 10 (1.15%) PCI DSS
7 7 (0.80%) Data Quality
7 7 (0.80%) NIST 800
8 6 (0.69%) NCSC
9 1 (0.11%) BS7799
9 1 (0.11%) COBIT
9 1 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.11%) GLBA
9 1 (0.11%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.11%) PMO
9 1 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 290 (33.22%) Docker
2 30 (3.44%) Active Directory
3 13 (1.49%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.92%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (0.46%) NDS
5 4 (0.46%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 3 (0.34%) HDFS
6 3 (0.34%) Varnish
6 3 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
7 2 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.11%) DFS Replication
8 1 (0.11%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 347 (39.75%) Kubernetes
2 292 (33.45%) Terraform
3 135 (15.46%) Ansible
4 74 (8.48%) Puppet
5 57 (6.53%) Prometheus
6 50 (5.73%) Opscode Chef
7 32 (3.67%) Grafana
8 28 (3.21%) Istio
9 18 (2.06%) Nagios
10 10 (1.15%) Single Sign-On
11 6 (0.69%) Microsoft Intune
12 4 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.46%) Kibana
12 4 (0.46%) vCenter Server
13 3 (0.34%) Core Impact
13 3 (0.34%) Nessus
13 3 (0.34%) Nexpose
14 1 (0.11%) ITRS Geneos
14 1 (0.11%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 1 (0.11%) SCCM
Vendors
1 154 (17.64%) Google
2 134 (15.35%) Microsoft
3 77 (8.82%) SAP
4 56 (6.41%) Red Hat
5 42 (4.81%) IBM
6 30 (3.44%) Oracle
7 22 (2.52%) Adobe
7 22 (2.52%) Dynatrace
7 22 (2.52%) VMware
8 19 (2.18%) Salesforce.com
9 15 (1.72%) Apple
10 12 (1.37%) hybris
11 11 (1.26%) Atlassian
11 11 (1.26%) Databricks
11 11 (1.26%) New Relic
12 10 (1.15%) Cisco
12 10 (1.15%) Sitecore
13 9 (1.03%) FNZ
14 8 (0.92%) Facebook
15 4 (0.46%) Fortinet