Period
to 16 October 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 225 268 460
Rank change year-on-year +43 +192 +259
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Native 1,930 570 914
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.55% 1.19% 0.66%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.83% 3.36% 1.89%
Number of salaries quoted 1,065 446 551
10th Percentile £52,500 £47,500 £48,750
25th Percentile £62,500 £57,500 £60,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £82,500 £72,500 £77,500
Median % change year-on-year +13.79% -6.45% +10.71%
75th Percentile £97,500 £90,000 £96,250
90th Percentile £110,000 £115,000 £115,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £65,000

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 50,410 16,974 48,396
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.46% 35.39% 35.21%
Number of salaries quoted 30,283 14,012 37,091
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £54,111
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +6.26% +3.07%
75th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £73,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £100,000 £90,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Salary trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +38 1,700 £85,000 +13.33% 403
London +13 1,055 £90,000 +12.50% 241
UK excluding London +15 623 £65,000 - 180
Work from Home -84 349 £80,000 +18.52% 74
South East -24 209 £75,000 -6.25% 31
North of England -33 159 £61,880 +7.62% 54
North West -24 87 £63,750 +10.87% 30
Midlands -78 73 £60,000 -14.29% 42
Yorkshire -66 64 £60,940 +1.57% 18
South West -56 63 £65,000 -25.71% 14
West Midlands -61 57 £60,000 -7.69% 31
East of England -76 57 £82,500 +50.00% 22
Scotland -72 43 £62,500 -3.85% 15
Wales -36 18 £75,000 +25.00% 2
East Midlands -71 16 £72,500 -3.33% 11
Northern Ireland -36 9 £57,500 - 1
North East -26 8 £61,880 +23.76% 6

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 1,152 (59.69%) AWS
2 1,132 (58.65%) DevOps
3 1,026 (53.16%) Agile Software Development
4 957 (49.59%) Azure
5 771 (39.95%) Kubernetes
6 616 (31.92%) Docker
7 591 (30.62%) Microservices
7 591 (30.62%) Java
8 577 (29.90%) Software Engineering
9 536 (27.77%) Python
10 501 (25.96%) GCP
11 472 (24.46%) JavaScript
12 406 (21.04%) Serverless
13 398 (20.62%) Terraform
14 372 (19.27%) Test Automation
14 372 (19.27%) Node.js
15 330 (17.10%) C#
16 322 (16.68%) Social Skills
17 320 (16.58%) Finance
18 313 (16.22%) React
19 305 (15.80%) Degree
20 294 (15.23%) PaaS
21 289 (14.97%) Computer Science
22 281 (14.56%) Full Stack Development
23 275 (14.25%) Git (software)
24 273 (14.15%) Infrastructure as Code
25 269 (13.94%) Scrum
26 266 (13.78%) Microsoft
27 262 (13.58%) SaaS
28 259 (13.42%) Mentoring

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (3.16%) Apache Spark
2 49 (2.54%) Confluence
3 45 (2.33%) Elasticsearch
4 32 (1.66%) Cloud Foundry
4 32 (1.66%) SharePoint
5 31 (1.61%) WebLogic
6 28 (1.45%) CMS
6 28 (1.45%) Tomcat
7 25 (1.30%) OpenStack
8 24 (1.24%) IIS
9 19 (0.98%) JBoss
10 14 (0.73%) Apache
11 12 (0.62%) Camunda
12 10 (0.52%) Apache Airflow
13 9 (0.47%) Headless CMS
14 8 (0.41%) Ethereum
15 7 (0.36%) NServiceBus
15 7 (0.36%) Sitecore CMS
16 5 (0.26%) nginx
16 5 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 10 (0.52%) SOLIDWORKS
2 6 (0.31%) InVision
3 5 (0.26%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.16%) Sketch
5 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 12 (0.62%) Sentinel
2 6 (0.31%) SDL Web 8
3 5 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.10%) Loan IQ
6 1 (0.052%) Magento
6 1 (0.052%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.052%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.052%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.052%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 1,152 (59.69%) AWS
2 957 (49.59%) Azure
3 501 (25.96%) GCP
4 406 (21.04%) Serverless
5 294 (15.23%) PaaS
6 262 (13.58%) SaaS
7 204 (10.57%) GitHub
8 170 (8.81%) IaaS
9 145 (7.51%) Amazon EKS
10 139 (7.20%) OpenShift
11 127 (6.58%) AWS Lambda
12 114 (5.91%) AWS CloudFormation
13 71 (3.68%) Cloud Computing
14 68 (3.52%) Amazon S3
15 53 (2.75%) Power Platform
16 44 (2.28%) Azure Functions
17 41 (2.12%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 36 (1.87%) Azure Active Directory
19 34 (1.76%) CloudFront
19 34 (1.76%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 66 (3.42%) Firewall
2 41 (2.12%) Internet
3 30 (1.55%) VPN
4 26 (1.35%) DNS
5 23 (1.19%) Network Security
6 20 (1.04%) Broadband
7 18 (0.93%) TCP/IP
8 10 (0.52%) HTTP
8 10 (0.52%) SAN
9 8 (0.41%) SD-WAN
9 8 (0.41%) Wireless
10 7 (0.36%) AMQP
10 7 (0.36%) Intranet
10 7 (0.36%) VoIP
10 7 (0.36%) VSAN
11 6 (0.31%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
11 6 (0.31%) Unified Communications
12 4 (0.21%) Cisco ASA
12 4 (0.21%) Cisco Firepower
12 4 (0.21%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 175 (9.07%) Big Data
1 175 (9.07%) NoSQL
2 158 (8.19%) PostgreSQL
3 108 (5.60%) Relational Database
4 101 (5.23%) MySQL
5 100 (5.18%) Redis
6 95 (4.92%) MongoDB
7 79 (4.09%) SQL Server
8 52 (2.69%) Data Warehouse
9 51 (2.64%) Data Lake
9 51 (2.64%) Hadoop
10 41 (2.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 36 (1.87%) BigQuery
12 29 (1.50%) Apache Cassandra
13 25 (1.30%) Blockchain
14 23 (1.19%) Amazon Aurora
15 22 (1.14%) Amazon RDS
16 19 (0.98%) Power BI
16 19 (0.98%) SQL Server 2016
17 17 (0.88%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 275 (14.25%) Git (software)
2 251 (13.01%) Jenkins
3 92 (4.77%) GitLab
4 84 (4.35%) JIRA
5 66 (3.42%) TeamCity
6 60 (3.11%) CircleCI
7 41 (2.12%) Bitbucket
7 41 (2.12%) Gradle
8 38 (1.97%) Octopus Deploy
9 37 (1.92%) JUnit
10 36 (1.87%) Cypress.io
11 34 (1.76%) Storybook
12 31 (1.61%) Mockito
13 28 (1.45%) Travis CI
14 26 (1.35%) Cucumber
14 26 (1.35%) RSpec
15 23 (1.19%) Maven
16 22 (1.14%) Capybara
16 22 (1.14%) Pivotal Tracker
17 19 (0.98%) Mocha
General
1 322 (16.68%) Social Skills
2 320 (16.58%) Finance
3 138 (7.15%) Banking
4 89 (4.61%) Public Sector
5 67 (3.47%) Telecoms
6 66 (3.42%) Retail
7 63 (3.26%) Analytical Skills
8 57 (2.95%) Manufacturing
9 56 (2.90%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 48 (2.49%) Games
11 45 (2.33%) Marketing
12 43 (2.23%) Presentation Skills
13 37 (1.92%) Billing
14 26 (1.35%) Advertising
14 26 (1.35%) Automotive
15 24 (1.24%) Law
15 24 (1.24%) Publishing
16 22 (1.14%) Electronics
17 21 (1.09%) Influencing Skills
18 20 (1.04%) Legal
Job Titles
1 487 (25.23%) Architect
2 361 (18.70%) Developer
3 285 (14.77%) Software Engineer
4 218 (11.30%) Solutions Architect
5 183 (9.48%) DevOps Engineer
6 171 (8.86%) Cloud Engineer
7 145 (7.51%) Cloud Architect
8 89 (4.61%) Principal Engineer
9 86 (4.46%) Senior Developer
10 85 (4.40%) Senior Software Engineer
11 76 (3.94%) Azure Architect
11 76 (3.94%) Senior DevOps
12 75 (3.89%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 74 (3.83%) Java Developer
13 74 (3.83%) Senior Architect
14 69 (3.58%) Platform Engineer
15 68 (3.52%) Azure Engineer
16 66 (3.42%) Full Stack Developer
17 55 (2.85%) Consultant
18 54 (2.80%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 372 (19.27%) Node.js
2 313 (16.22%) React
3 242 (12.54%) .NET
4 201 (10.41%) Kafka
5 155 (8.03%) Spring
6 138 (7.15%) Spring Boot
7 137 (7.10%) Web Services
8 125 (6.48%) RESTful
9 119 (6.17%) .NET Core
10 95 (4.92%) HTML
11 91 (4.72%) CSS
12 90 (4.66%) AngularJS
13 89 (4.61%) REST
14 73 (3.78%) React Native
15 68 (3.52%) HTML5
16 66 (3.42%) .NET Framework
17 63 (3.26%) Vue.js
18 62 (3.21%) GraphQL
19 50 (2.59%) gRPC
20 49 (2.54%) Velocity
Miscellaneous
1 203 (10.52%) Public Cloud
2 97 (5.03%) Self-Motivation
3 91 (4.72%) Hybrid Cloud
4 87 (4.51%) User Experience
5 82 (4.25%) Mobile App
6 66 (3.42%) Greenfield Project
7 61 (3.16%) Enterprise Software
8 51 (2.64%) Virtual Team
9 50 (2.59%) Private Cloud
10 41 (2.12%) Algorithms
11 33 (1.71%) Social Media
12 31 (1.61%) Blog
13 30 (1.55%) Data Centre
13 30 (1.55%) Management Information System
14 24 (1.24%) Data Structures
14 24 (1.24%) Legacy Code
15 23 (1.19%) Enterprise Cloud
15 23 (1.19%) Life Science
15 23 (1.19%) Photography
16 15 (0.78%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 164 (8.50%) Linux
2 92 (4.77%) Unix
3 80 (4.15%) Windows
4 36 (1.87%) Android
5 35 (1.81%) Apple iOS
6 11 (0.57%) VMS
7 10 (0.52%) CoreOS
8 8 (0.41%) SUSE
8 8 (0.41%) zOS
9 7 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 7 (0.36%) Windows Server
10 5 (0.26%) CentOS
10 5 (0.26%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.26%) Windows 10
11 4 (0.21%) Debian
11 4 (0.21%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.052%) Kali Linux
12 1 (0.052%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,132 (58.65%) DevOps
2 1,026 (53.16%) Agile Software Development
3 591 (30.62%) Microservices
4 577 (29.90%) Software Engineering
5 372 (19.27%) Test Automation
6 289 (14.97%) Computer Science
7 281 (14.56%) Full Stack Development
8 273 (14.15%) Infrastructure as Code
9 269 (13.94%) Scrum
10 259 (13.42%) Mentoring
11 226 (11.71%) Continuous Integration
12 202 (10.47%) Technical Leadership
13 197 (10.21%) Artificial Intelligence
14 193 (10.00%) Migration
15 192 (9.95%) User Stories
16 189 (9.79%) SDLC
17 187 (9.69%) TDD
18 185 (9.59%) Problem-Solving
19 178 (9.22%) Analytics
20 172 (8.91%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 591 (30.62%) Java
2 536 (27.77%) Python
3 472 (24.46%) JavaScript
4 330 (17.10%) C#
5 248 (12.85%) SQL
6 189 (9.79%) TypeScript
7 184 (9.53%) Go
8 105 (5.44%) PowerShell
9 64 (3.32%) Ruby
10 61 (3.16%) Bash Shell
11 55 (2.85%) Scala
12 42 (2.18%) Shell Script
13 34 (1.76%) Kotlin
14 31 (1.61%) C++
15 27 (1.40%) R
16 24 (1.24%) C
16 24 (1.24%) ES6
17 22 (1.14%) Java 8
18 18 (0.93%) C-shell
19 14 (0.73%) PHP
Qualifications
1 305 (15.80%) Degree
2 134 (6.94%) Security Cleared
3 115 (5.96%) SC Cleared
4 105 (5.44%) Computer Science Degree
5 66 (3.42%) AWS Certification
6 32 (1.66%) Master's Degree
7 23 (1.19%) CISSP
8 16 (0.83%) PhD
9 10 (0.52%) GIAC
10 7 (0.36%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 7 (0.36%) CCSP
10 7 (0.36%) Cisco Certification
11 5 (0.26%) CISM
12 4 (0.21%) CEH
12 4 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (0.16%) OSCP
13 3 (0.16%) TOGAF Certification
14 2 (0.10%) DV Cleared
14 2 (0.10%) PMP
14 2 (0.10%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 82 (4.25%) QA
2 31 (1.61%) Accessibility
3 30 (1.55%) GDPR
4 22 (1.14%) NIST
5 19 (0.98%) GxP
6 11 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 7 (0.36%) Data Quality
8 6 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials
9 5 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 4 (0.21%) SLA
11 3 (0.16%) HIPAA
12 1 (0.052%) Basel III
12 1 (0.052%) COBIT
12 1 (0.052%) EMIR
12 1 (0.052%) IASME
12 1 (0.052%) ISO 9001
12 1 (0.052%) MiFID
12 1 (0.052%) NCSC
12 1 (0.052%) PCI DSS
12 1 (0.052%) PMO
System Software
1 616 (31.92%) Docker
2 77 (3.99%) Active Directory
3 44 (2.28%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.78%) VMware ESXi
5 14 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (0.67%) Hyper-V
7 11 (0.57%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 11 (0.57%) ISA Server
8 10 (0.52%) KVM
9 8 (0.41%) Ceph
10 6 (0.31%) HDFS
10 6 (0.31%) vSphere
11 3 (0.16%) Slurm Workload Manager
11 3 (0.16%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.10%) StorNext
12 2 (0.10%) Xsan
13 1 (0.052%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 771 (39.95%) Kubernetes
2 398 (20.62%) Terraform
3 170 (8.81%) Ansible
4 86 (4.46%) Puppet
5 80 (4.15%) Prometheus
6 70 (3.63%) Opscode Chef
7 49 (2.54%) Grafana
8 30 (1.55%) SCCM
9 25 (1.30%) Istio
10 24 (1.24%) Consul
11 23 (1.19%) Apache Brooklyn
12 22 (1.14%) Rancher
13 20 (1.04%) Jamf Pro
14 19 (0.98%) Kibana
15 15 (0.78%) AirWatch
15 15 (0.78%) Mesos
16 14 (0.73%) Microsoft Intune
17 12 (0.62%) Nagios
18 11 (0.57%) Salt
19 10 (0.52%) Amdocs OSS
Vendors
1 266 (13.78%) Microsoft
2 212 (10.98%) Google
3 78 (4.04%) Oracle
4 66 (3.42%) VMware
5 56 (2.90%) SAP
6 39 (2.02%) Red Hat
7 32 (1.66%) Cisco
8 31 (1.61%) IBM
9 20 (1.04%) Databricks
10 19 (0.98%) Citrix
10 19 (0.98%) Facebook
11 16 (0.83%) Splunk
12 14 (0.73%) ForgeRock
13 13 (0.67%) Cognizant
13 13 (0.67%) Dataiku
14 12 (0.62%) CyberArk
14 12 (0.62%) New Relic
14 12 (0.62%) PagerDuty
15 10 (0.52%) Amdocs
15 10 (0.52%) Dynatrace