Period
to 24 July 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 246 305 512
Rank change year-on-year +59 +207 +328
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Native 1,576 722 802
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.39% 1.02% 0.55%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.57% 2.88% 1.57%
Number of salaries quoted 1,014 500 499
10th Percentile £51,250 £50,000 £47,500
25th Percentile £62,500 £60,000 £58,438
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +12.36%
75th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £97,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £112,625 £118,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £65,000 £65,750 £64,375
% change year-on-year -1.14% +2.14% +7.29%

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 44,197 25,107 50,942
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.06% 35.47% 35.22%
Number of salaries quoted 26,834 19,980 38,964
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,750 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £53,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +3.77% +0.95%
75th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £72,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £96,250 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Salary trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +61 1,416 £80,000 - 334
London +60 944 £87,500 +2.94% 199
UK excluding London +11 457 £65,000 -1.14% 141
Work from Home -55 300 £75,000 +7.14% 72
North of England +29 142 £62,500 +4.17% 46
South East -2 140 £72,500 -3.33% 31
North West +4 64 £68,750 +19.57% 26
Yorkshire -20 60 £60,000 -9.43% 17
South West -53 59 £67,500 -10.00% 14
Midlands -60 56 £70,000 +3.70% 30
West Midlands -22 48 £62,500 +4.17% 24
Scotland -37 45 £64,500 +17.27% 3
North East -3 18 £65,000 +30.00% 3
East of England -48 15 £125,000 +108.33% 8
East Midlands -73 8 £80,000 +12.28% 6
Northern Ireland -34 1 £57,500 - 5

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 926 (58.76%) AWS
2 861 (54.63%) DevOps
3 795 (50.44%) Azure
4 763 (48.41%) Agile Software Development
5 654 (41.50%) Kubernetes
6 485 (30.77%) Microservices
7 477 (30.27%) GCP
8 449 (28.49%) Docker
9 444 (28.17%) Python
10 391 (24.81%) Java
11 375 (23.79%) Software Engineering
12 363 (23.03%) Terraform
13 334 (21.19%) Finance
14 300 (19.04%) JavaScript
15 280 (17.77%) PaaS
16 274 (17.39%) Microsoft
17 233 (14.78%) React
18 229 (14.53%) Infrastructure as Code
19 223 (14.15%) SaaS
20 216 (13.71%) Serverless
21 215 (13.64%) Social Skills
22 211 (13.39%) Google
23 209 (13.26%) .NET
24 207 (13.13%) C#
25 205 (13.01%) Kafka
26 193 (12.25%) IaaS
27 190 (12.06%) Scrum
28 189 (11.99%) Degree
29 188 (11.93%) Test Automation
29 188 (11.93%) Node.js

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (3.17%) Elasticsearch
2 37 (2.35%) Apache Spark
2 37 (2.35%) SharePoint
3 34 (2.16%) Confluence
4 30 (1.90%) Cloud Foundry
5 29 (1.84%) CMS
6 22 (1.40%) IIS
7 20 (1.27%) OpenStack
8 13 (0.82%) Headless CMS
9 8 (0.51%) Apache
10 6 (0.38%) Tomcat
10 6 (0.38%) WebLogic
11 4 (0.25%) Apache Airflow
11 4 (0.25%) Sitecore CMS
11 4 (0.25%) Traefik
11 4 (0.25%) Umbraco
12 3 (0.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 3 (0.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 2 (0.13%) JBoss
13 2 (0.13%) nginx
Applications
1 12 (0.76%) SOLIDWORKS
2 2 (0.13%) AutoCAD
2 2 (0.13%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
2 2 (0.13%) Revit
Business Applications
1 24 (1.52%) Sentinel
2 4 (0.25%) SDL Web 8
3 2 (0.13%) Loan IQ
3 2 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.063%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.063%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.063%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.063%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.063%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.063%) Sage X3
Cloud Services
1 926 (58.76%) AWS
2 795 (50.44%) Azure
3 477 (30.27%) GCP
4 280 (17.77%) PaaS
5 223 (14.15%) SaaS
6 216 (13.71%) Serverless
7 193 (12.25%) IaaS
8 98 (6.22%) AWS Lambda
9 93 (5.90%) GitHub
10 90 (5.71%) AWS CloudFormation
11 74 (4.70%) Amazon EKS
12 70 (4.44%) OpenShift
13 64 (4.06%) Power Platform
14 55 (3.49%) Azure Active Directory
15 52 (3.30%) Cloud Computing
16 48 (3.05%) Microsoft 365
17 44 (2.79%) Azure Functions
18 40 (2.54%) Amazon S3
19 39 (2.47%) Datadog
20 34 (2.16%) Azure Sentinel
Communications & Networking
1 34 (2.16%) Firewall
2 32 (2.03%) Network Security
3 25 (1.59%) VPN
4 22 (1.40%) Internet
5 15 (0.95%) HTTP
6 13 (0.82%) AMQP
6 13 (0.82%) Broadband
7 9 (0.57%) Unified Communications
8 8 (0.51%) DNS
9 7 (0.44%) SAN
9 7 (0.44%) VoIP
10 6 (0.38%) SD-WAN
11 5 (0.32%) VSAN
12 4 (0.25%) Intrusion Detection
12 4 (0.25%) Sourcefire
12 4 (0.25%) TCP/IP
13 3 (0.19%) 5G
13 3 (0.19%) Cisco ASA
13 3 (0.19%) DHCP
13 3 (0.19%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 144 (9.14%) NoSQL
2 138 (8.76%) PostgreSQL
3 136 (8.63%) Big Data
4 84 (5.33%) Redis
5 78 (4.95%) SQL Server
6 76 (4.82%) Relational Database
7 65 (4.12%) MongoDB
8 55 (3.49%) MySQL
9 46 (2.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 41 (2.60%) Data Lake
11 40 (2.54%) BigQuery
12 38 (2.41%) Apache Cassandra
13 36 (2.28%) Data Warehouse
14 26 (1.65%) Hadoop
15 16 (1.02%) Amazon Aurora
15 16 (1.02%) Event Store
16 15 (0.95%) GIS
17 14 (0.89%) SQL Server 2016
18 13 (0.82%) Amazon RDS
19 12 (0.76%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 169 (10.72%) Jenkins
2 119 (7.55%) Git (software)
3 82 (5.20%) GitLab
4 54 (3.43%) JIRA
5 49 (3.11%) CircleCI
5 49 (3.11%) TeamCity
6 40 (2.54%) Gradle
7 28 (1.78%) Travis CI
8 27 (1.71%) Bitbucket
9 25 (1.59%) Octopus Deploy
10 18 (1.14%) Visual Studio Team System
11 16 (1.02%) Capybara
11 16 (1.02%) Cucumber
11 16 (1.02%) Pivotal Tracker
11 16 (1.02%) RSpec
11 16 (1.02%) Spinnaker
11 16 (1.02%) Visual Studio
12 15 (0.95%) Selenium
13 13 (0.82%) JUnit
14 12 (0.76%) Storybook
General
1 334 (21.19%) Finance
2 215 (13.64%) Social Skills
3 157 (9.96%) Banking
4 85 (5.39%) Public Sector
5 79 (5.01%) Manufacturing
6 68 (4.31%) Marketing
7 66 (4.19%) Retail
8 63 (4.00%) Games
9 53 (3.36%) Telecoms
10 43 (2.73%) Electronics
11 41 (2.60%) Analytical Skills
11 41 (2.60%) Influencing Skills
12 40 (2.54%) Presentation Skills
13 35 (2.22%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 31 (1.97%) Advertising
15 28 (1.78%) Law
16 26 (1.65%) Automotive
17 17 (1.08%) Public Speaking
18 12 (0.76%) Publishing
19 10 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 414 (26.27%) Architect
2 246 (15.61%) Developer
3 186 (11.80%) Solutions Architect
4 162 (10.28%) DevOps Engineer
5 143 (9.07%) Cloud Engineer
6 136 (8.63%) Software Engineer
7 112 (7.11%) Cloud Architect
8 85 (5.39%) Azure Engineer
9 82 (5.20%) Consultant
10 80 (5.08%) Senior Architect
11 77 (4.89%) Senior DevOps
12 76 (4.82%) Senior Developer
13 71 (4.51%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 59 (3.74%) AWS Engineer
15 58 (3.68%) Azure Architect
16 52 (3.30%) Site Reliability Engineer
17 46 (2.92%) Full Stack Developer
17 46 (2.92%) Java Engineer
18 45 (2.86%) Site Engineer
19 44 (2.79%) Principal Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 233 (14.78%) React
2 209 (13.26%) .NET
3 205 (13.01%) Kafka
4 188 (11.93%) Node.js
5 114 (7.23%) .NET Core
6 108 (6.85%) AngularJS
7 102 (6.47%) Web Services
8 100 (6.35%) Spring
9 90 (5.71%) HTML
10 88 (5.58%) Spring Boot
11 87 (5.52%) CSS
12 76 (4.82%) REST
13 64 (4.06%) HTML5
14 53 (3.36%) .NET Framework
14 53 (3.36%) gRPC
14 53 (3.36%) Vue.js
15 52 (3.30%) RESTful
16 47 (2.98%) Elastic Stack
17 44 (2.79%) Serverless Framework
18 42 (2.66%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 171 (10.85%) Public Cloud
2 99 (6.28%) Hybrid Cloud
3 75 (4.76%) Mobile App
3 75 (4.76%) User Experience
4 72 (4.57%) Greenfield Project
5 57 (3.62%) Virtual Team
6 47 (2.98%) Self-Motivation
7 41 (2.60%) Blog
8 37 (2.35%) Private Cloud
9 28 (1.78%) Algorithms
10 27 (1.71%) Data Centre
10 27 (1.71%) Enterprise Software
10 27 (1.71%) Management Information System
10 27 (1.71%) Mobile Banking
11 22 (1.40%) Social Media
12 19 (1.21%) Digital Media
13 15 (0.95%) Data Structures
13 15 (0.95%) Enterprise Cloud
13 15 (0.95%) Internet of Things
14 14 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 180 (11.42%) Linux
2 101 (6.41%) Windows
3 59 (3.74%) Unix
4 32 (2.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 17 (1.08%) Android
5 17 (1.08%) Apple iOS
6 15 (0.95%) Windows Server 2016
6 15 (0.95%) Windows Server 2019
7 12 (0.76%) SUSE
8 9 (0.57%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.51%) Windows Server
10 7 (0.44%) CoreOS
10 7 (0.44%) Windows 10
11 6 (0.38%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.32%) zOS
13 3 (0.19%) Debian
14 2 (0.13%) CentOS
14 2 (0.13%) VMS
15 1 (0.063%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 861 (54.63%) DevOps
2 763 (48.41%) Agile Software Development
3 485 (30.77%) Microservices
4 375 (23.79%) Software Engineering
5 229 (14.53%) Infrastructure as Code
6 190 (12.06%) Scrum
7 188 (11.93%) Test Automation
8 148 (9.39%) Computer Science
9 147 (9.33%) Mentoring
10 146 (9.26%) Artificial Intelligence
11 145 (9.20%) Open Source
11 145 (9.20%) Problem-Solving
12 139 (8.82%) Continuous Integration
13 136 (8.63%) Migration
14 132 (8.38%) TDD
15 126 (7.99%) Continuous Improvement
16 117 (7.42%) Technical Leadership
17 113 (7.17%) Machine Learning
18 109 (6.92%) Fintech
19 108 (6.85%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 444 (28.17%) Python
2 391 (24.81%) Java
3 300 (19.04%) JavaScript
4 207 (13.13%) C#
5 185 (11.74%) Go
6 181 (11.48%) SQL
7 130 (8.25%) TypeScript
8 112 (7.11%) PowerShell
9 61 (3.87%) Bash Shell
10 46 (2.92%) C++
11 45 (2.86%) Ruby
12 39 (2.47%) Scala
13 29 (1.84%) C
13 29 (1.84%) Kotlin
14 25 (1.59%) Rust
15 20 (1.27%) Shell Script
16 13 (0.82%) Java 8
17 11 (0.70%) F#
17 11 (0.70%) PHP
18 8 (0.51%) Perl
Qualifications
1 189 (11.99%) Degree
2 146 (9.26%) Security Cleared
3 136 (8.63%) SC Cleared
4 57 (3.62%) Computer Science Degree
5 38 (2.41%) AWS Certification
6 30 (1.90%) CISSP
7 24 (1.52%) Master's Degree
8 10 (0.63%) CISM
9 8 (0.51%) CISA
10 7 (0.44%) ITIL Certification
10 7 (0.44%) OSCP
10 7 (0.44%) PhD
11 6 (0.38%) GIAC
12 5 (0.32%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 5 (0.32%) CCSP
12 5 (0.32%) Cisco Certification
13 4 (0.25%) CRISC
13 4 (0.25%) ISSAP
13 4 (0.25%) ISSEP
14 3 (0.19%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (3.49%) QA
2 41 (2.60%) Accessibility
3 32 (2.03%) GDPR
4 29 (1.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 29 (1.84%) NIST
5 10 (0.63%) Data Quality
6 7 (0.44%) GxP
7 6 (0.38%) SLA
8 5 (0.32%) Cyber Essentials
8 5 (0.32%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 5 (0.32%) PMBOK
8 5 (0.32%) SOC 2
8 5 (0.32%) WCAG
9 4 (0.25%) Basel III
10 3 (0.19%) COBIT
11 2 (0.13%) PCI DSS
12 1 (0.063%) ISO 20022
12 1 (0.063%) PMO
System Software
1 449 (28.49%) Docker
2 105 (6.66%) Active Directory
3 42 (2.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 30 (1.90%) Virtual Machines
5 13 (0.82%) VMware ESXi
6 11 (0.70%) ISA Server
7 8 (0.51%) Ceph
7 8 (0.51%) Hyper-V
7 8 (0.51%) KVM
8 6 (0.38%) HDFS
9 5 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 5 (0.32%) vSphere
10 3 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
10 3 (0.19%) XenDesktop
11 2 (0.13%) Gluster
11 2 (0.13%) NDS
11 2 (0.13%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 2 (0.13%) VMware NSX
12 1 (0.063%) StorNext
12 1 (0.063%) Xsan
Systems Management
1 654 (41.50%) Kubernetes
2 363 (23.03%) Terraform
3 142 (9.01%) Ansible
4 97 (6.15%) Prometheus
5 82 (5.20%) Puppet
6 64 (4.06%) Opscode Chef
7 63 (4.00%) Grafana
8 36 (2.28%) Consul
9 28 (1.78%) Istio
10 26 (1.65%) Jamf Pro
11 21 (1.33%) SCCM
12 19 (1.21%) AirWatch
12 19 (1.21%) Nagios
13 16 (1.02%) Kibana
13 16 (1.02%) Packer
14 15 (0.95%) Mesos
14 15 (0.95%) Microsoft Intune
15 14 (0.89%) Graphite
15 14 (0.89%) Opsview
16 13 (0.82%) Rancher
Vendors
1 274 (17.39%) Microsoft
2 211 (13.39%) Google
3 73 (4.63%) SAP
4 61 (3.87%) VMware
5 53 (3.36%) Oracle
6 36 (2.28%) IBM
7 35 (2.22%) Red Hat
8 22 (1.40%) Citrix
8 22 (1.40%) PagerDuty
9 21 (1.33%) Databricks
10 17 (1.08%) CyberArk
10 17 (1.08%) ForgeRock
11 16 (1.02%) Cisco
12 14 (0.89%) Adobe
12 14 (0.89%) Salesforce.com
13 13 (0.82%) Instagram
14 12 (0.76%) Cognizant
14 12 (0.76%) Dynatrace
15 11 (0.70%) Pega
16 10 (0.63%) Atlassian