Period
to 23 January 2022

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Cloud Native in permanent job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cloud Native over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Cloud Native
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 202 278 420
Rank change year-on-year +76 +142 +196
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Native 2,274 725 901
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.78% 1.15% 0.72%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.35% 3.23% 2.05%
Number of salaries quoted 1,132 587 617
10th Percentile £52,500 £42,500 £47,500
25th Percentile £62,500 £55,000 £62,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £83,000 £70,000 £80,000
Median % change year-on-year +18.57% -12.50% +14.29%
75th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £96,250
90th Percentile £117,250 £106,250 £115,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +3.85% -3.70% +22.73%

Cloud Native is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 52,296 22,435 44,055
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.84% 35.45% 35.01%
Number of salaries quoted 30,225 17,660 34,363
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,676 £30,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £76,250 £75,000
90th Percentile £101,750 £95,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £49,000 £46,500
% change year-on-year +2.04% +5.38% +3.33%

Cloud Native
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cloud Native as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cloud Native.

Salary trend for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cloud Native over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Cloud Native in the UK

Cloud Native
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Native within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +54 1,929 £85,000 +21.43% 316
London +39 1,136 £90,000 +20.00% 190
UK excluding London +65 791 £67,500 +3.85% 143
Work from Home -31 408 £80,000 +12.28% 64
South East +11 238 £75,000 +3.45% 28
North of England +17 221 £65,000 +30.00% 39
North West +24 155 £67,500 +17.39% 22
Midlands -32 98 £60,000 -14.29% 26
East of England -19 95 £60,000 +4.35% 21
West Midlands -38 67 £60,000 -14.29% 17
Yorkshire -52 61 £65,000 +30.00% 13
South West -34 53 £60,050 -28.30% 7
Scotland -40 52 £67,500 +3.85% 16
Wales -16 34 £72,500 +18.37% 1
East Midlands -41 31 £75,000 - 9
Northern Ireland -21 12 £60,500 +51.25% 5
North East -24 5 £41,750 -35.77% 4

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing Cloud Native also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cloud Native.

1 1,396 (61.39%) AWS
2 1,298 (57.08%) DevOps
3 1,286 (56.55%) Agile Software Development
4 1,145 (50.35%) Azure
5 1,052 (46.26%) CI/CD
6 891 (39.18%) Kubernetes
7 835 (36.72%) Docker
8 833 (36.63%) Microservices
9 795 (34.96%) Java
10 749 (32.94%) Software Engineering
11 587 (25.81%) JavaScript
12 583 (25.64%) Python
12 583 (25.64%) Serverless
13 521 (22.91%) Terraform
14 519 (22.82%) Node.js
15 479 (21.06%) GCP
16 437 (19.22%) Test Automation
17 424 (18.65%) Git (software)
18 421 (18.51%) Mentoring
19 414 (18.21%) React
19 414 (18.21%) Degree
19 414 (18.21%) Computer Science
20 413 (18.16%) C#
21 389 (17.11%) Social Skills
22 365 (16.05%) Scrum
23 350 (15.39%) SDLC
24 344 (15.13%) Full Stack Development
25 339 (14.91%) Finance
26 333 (14.64%) GitHub
27 330 (14.51%) SaaS

Cloud Native
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (3.74%) Elasticsearch
2 81 (3.56%) Apache Spark
3 44 (1.93%) Confluence
4 36 (1.58%) Apache
5 34 (1.50%) IIS
6 27 (1.19%) WebLogic
7 24 (1.06%) Tomcat
8 23 (1.01%) Cloud Foundry
9 22 (0.97%) Apache Airflow
10 19 (0.84%) Ethereum
11 17 (0.75%) JBoss
12 16 (0.70%) OpenStack
12 16 (0.70%) SharePoint
13 15 (0.66%) CMS
14 12 (0.53%) Camunda
15 8 (0.35%) Hyperledger
16 7 (0.31%) NServiceBus
17 6 (0.26%) nginx
17 6 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 5 (0.22%) Tornado
Applications
1 9 (0.40%) InVision
2 3 (0.13%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.13%) Sketch
3 2 (0.088%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.044%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.044%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.044%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (0.35%) Distributed Ledger
1 8 (0.35%) R3 Corda
1 8 (0.35%) Sentinel
2 6 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.22%) Magento
3 5 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.088%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.088%) SDL Web 8
5 1 (0.044%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.044%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.044%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 1,396 (61.39%) AWS
2 1,145 (50.35%) Azure
3 583 (25.64%) Serverless
4 479 (21.06%) GCP
5 333 (14.64%) GitHub
6 330 (14.51%) SaaS
7 277 (12.18%) PaaS
8 226 (9.94%) Amazon EKS
9 225 (9.89%) OpenShift
10 209 (9.19%) IaaS
11 151 (6.64%) AWS Lambda
12 107 (4.71%) Amazon S3
13 98 (4.31%) Cloud Computing
14 90 (3.96%) AWS CloudFormation
15 60 (2.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 47 (2.07%) Azure Service Bus
16 47 (2.07%) Power Platform
17 42 (1.85%) Azure Active Directory
17 42 (1.85%) Azure Functions
18 39 (1.72%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 77 (3.39%) Firewall
2 53 (2.33%) Network Security
3 37 (1.63%) DNS
4 35 (1.54%) Internet
5 25 (1.10%) Broadband
6 18 (0.79%) TCP/IP
6 18 (0.79%) VPN
7 17 (0.75%) Intranet
7 17 (0.75%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
8 13 (0.57%) Wireless
9 12 (0.53%) HTTP
9 12 (0.53%) Wi-Fi
10 11 (0.48%) Bluetooth
10 11 (0.48%) NFC
10 11 (0.48%) ZigBee
11 10 (0.44%) WAN
12 9 (0.40%) SD-WAN
13 7 (0.31%) InfiniBand
13 7 (0.31%) SSL
14 5 (0.22%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 253 (11.13%) NoSQL
2 180 (7.92%) Big Data
3 161 (7.08%) PostgreSQL
4 145 (6.38%) MongoDB
5 125 (5.50%) Redis
6 116 (5.10%) Relational Database
7 97 (4.27%) SQL Server
8 96 (4.22%) MySQL
9 64 (2.81%) Apache Cassandra
10 55 (2.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 49 (2.15%) Data Lake
12 42 (1.85%) Hadoop
13 41 (1.80%) BigQuery
14 36 (1.58%) Blockchain
15 35 (1.54%) Data Warehouse
16 34 (1.50%) Amazon RDS
17 32 (1.41%) Amazon Redshift
18 31 (1.36%) Amazon Aurora
19 30 (1.32%) Power BI
20 25 (1.10%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 424 (18.65%) Git (software)
2 320 (14.07%) Jenkins
3 90 (3.96%) TeamCity
4 87 (3.83%) GitLab
5 85 (3.74%) JIRA
6 70 (3.08%) Octopus Deploy
7 68 (2.99%) JUnit
8 65 (2.86%) Maven
9 59 (2.59%) Gradle
10 50 (2.20%) Cypress.io
11 43 (1.89%) CircleCI
11 43 (1.89%) Cucumber
12 40 (1.76%) Bitbucket
12 40 (1.76%) Mockito
12 40 (1.76%) RSpec
13 38 (1.67%) Selenium
14 34 (1.50%) Storybook
15 25 (1.10%) webpack
16 23 (1.01%) Sonatype Nexus
17 22 (0.97%) Vagrant
General
1 389 (17.11%) Social Skills
2 339 (14.91%) Finance
3 107 (4.71%) Banking
4 102 (4.49%) Retail
5 94 (4.13%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 93 (4.09%) Analytical Skills
6 93 (4.09%) Public Sector
7 69 (3.03%) Telecoms
8 61 (2.68%) Billing
9 56 (2.46%) Presentation Skills
10 50 (2.20%) Games
11 33 (1.45%) Marketing
12 32 (1.41%) Back Office
12 32 (1.41%) Legal
13 27 (1.19%) Publishing
14 22 (0.97%) Pharmaceutical
15 21 (0.92%) Advertising
15 21 (0.92%) Automotive
16 19 (0.84%) Financial Institution
17 17 (0.75%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 546 (24.01%) Architect
2 442 (19.44%) Software Engineer
3 407 (17.90%) Developer
4 223 (9.81%) Solutions Architect
5 197 (8.66%) DevOps Engineer
6 173 (7.61%) Cloud Engineer
7 171 (7.52%) Cloud Architect
8 136 (5.98%) Principal Engineer
9 120 (5.28%) Java Engineer
10 115 (5.06%) Principal Software Engineer
10 115 (5.06%) Senior Software Engineer
11 111 (4.88%) Azure Architect
12 105 (4.62%) Senior Developer
13 99 (4.35%) Full Stack Developer
14 90 (3.96%) Software Developer
15 83 (3.65%) Java Developer
15 83 (3.65%) Platform Engineer
16 82 (3.61%) AWS Engineer
17 75 (3.30%) Senior DevOps
18 72 (3.17%) Integration Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 519 (22.82%) Node.js
2 414 (18.21%) React
3 285 (12.53%) .NET
4 270 (11.87%) Kafka
5 226 (9.94%) RESTful
6 178 (7.83%) Spring
7 146 (6.42%) REST
8 142 (6.24%) Spring Boot
9 139 (6.11%) AngularJS
10 122 (5.36%) Web Services
11 98 (4.31%) .NET Core
12 82 (3.61%) JSON
13 79 (3.47%) gRPC
14 74 (3.25%) GraphQL
15 73 (3.21%) CSS
15 73 (3.21%) RabbitMQ
16 71 (3.12%) HTML
17 64 (2.81%) React Native
18 57 (2.51%) Swagger
19 56 (2.46%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 240 (10.55%) Public Cloud
2 139 (6.11%) Self-Motivation
3 116 (5.10%) Hybrid Cloud
4 75 (3.30%) Mobile App
5 68 (2.99%) Enterprise Software
5 68 (2.99%) Greenfield Project
6 58 (2.55%) Algorithms
6 58 (2.55%) User Experience
7 50 (2.20%) Private Cloud
8 48 (2.11%) Renewable Energy
9 45 (1.98%) Legacy Code
9 45 (1.98%) Social Media
10 44 (1.93%) Data Centre
11 39 (1.72%) Virtual Team
12 34 (1.50%) Data Structures
12 34 (1.50%) Enterprise Cloud
13 33 (1.45%) Blog
14 30 (1.32%) Management Information System
15 23 (1.01%) Equities
15 23 (1.01%) Photography
Operating Systems
1 202 (8.88%) Linux
2 93 (4.09%) Unix
3 71 (3.12%) Windows
4 52 (2.29%) Android
5 34 (1.50%) Apple iOS
6 19 (0.84%) CentOS
7 17 (0.75%) Kali Linux
8 13 (0.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 13 (0.57%) Windows Server
9 11 (0.48%) VMS
10 7 (0.31%) Alpine Linux
11 6 (0.26%) Debian
12 5 (0.22%) CoreOS
12 5 (0.22%) Ubuntu
12 5 (0.22%) zOS
13 3 (0.13%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.044%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,298 (57.08%) DevOps
2 1,286 (56.55%) Agile Software Development
3 1,052 (46.26%) CI/CD
4 833 (36.63%) Microservices
5 749 (32.94%) Software Engineering
6 437 (19.22%) Test Automation
7 421 (18.51%) Mentoring
8 414 (18.21%) Computer Science
9 365 (16.05%) Scrum
10 350 (15.39%) SDLC
11 344 (15.13%) Full Stack Development
12 321 (14.12%) Infrastructure as Code
13 305 (13.41%) Continuous Integration
14 282 (12.40%) TDD
15 269 (11.83%) Risk Management
16 267 (11.74%) Analytics
17 259 (11.39%) Continuous Delivery
18 254 (11.17%) Thought Leadership
19 246 (10.82%) Technical Leadership
20 229 (10.07%) Emotional Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 795 (34.96%) Java
2 587 (25.81%) JavaScript
3 583 (25.64%) Python
4 413 (18.16%) C#
5 284 (12.49%) SQL
6 211 (9.28%) TypeScript
7 163 (7.17%) Go
8 155 (6.82%) PowerShell
9 115 (5.06%) Bash
10 81 (3.56%) Ruby
11 80 (3.52%) Scala
12 55 (2.42%) Groovy
13 54 (2.37%) Shell Script
14 44 (1.93%) Java 8
15 36 (1.58%) ES6
16 35 (1.54%) R
17 32 (1.41%) Kotlin
18 31 (1.36%) C++
19 29 (1.28%) C
20 21 (0.92%) SPARQL
Qualifications
1 414 (18.21%) Degree
2 132 (5.80%) Computer Science Degree
3 131 (5.76%) Security Cleared
4 97 (4.27%) SC Cleared
5 73 (3.21%) AWS Certification
6 34 (1.50%) Master's Degree
7 21 (0.92%) CISSP
8 14 (0.62%) PhD
9 9 (0.40%) GIAC
9 9 (0.40%) TOGAF Certification
10 8 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
10 8 (0.35%) OSCP
11 7 (0.31%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 7 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
12 6 (0.26%) CCSP
12 6 (0.26%) DV Cleared
13 4 (0.18%) CISM
13 4 (0.18%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 3 (0.13%) BPSS Clearance
15 2 (0.088%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 117 (5.15%) QA
2 53 (2.33%) Accessibility
3 27 (1.19%) GDPR
4 21 (0.92%) GxP
5 20 (0.88%) PCI DSS
6 15 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 9 (0.40%) NIST
8 8 (0.35%) EMIR
8 8 (0.35%) MiFID
9 6 (0.26%) Data Quality
9 6 (0.26%) HIPAA
10 5 (0.22%) SOC 2
11 4 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials
12 3 (0.13%) NCSC
13 2 (0.088%) GRC
13 2 (0.088%) SLA
14 1 (0.044%) COBIT
14 1 (0.044%) IASME
14 1 (0.044%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 835 (36.72%) Docker
2 66 (2.90%) Active Directory
3 29 (1.28%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (1.06%) Virtual Machines
5 11 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 7 (0.31%) Hyper-V
6 7 (0.31%) Slurm Workload Manager
7 6 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.18%) ISA Server
9 2 (0.088%) Ceph
9 2 (0.088%) KVM
10 1 (0.044%) Firmware
10 1 (0.044%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.044%) StorNext
10 1 (0.044%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.044%) vSphere
10 1 (0.044%) Xsan
Systems Management
1 891 (39.18%) Kubernetes
2 521 (22.91%) Terraform
3 222 (9.76%) Ansible
4 131 (5.76%) Puppet
5 122 (5.36%) Opscode Chef
6 57 (2.51%) Prometheus
7 47 (2.07%) SCCM
8 43 (1.89%) Grafana
9 29 (1.28%) Apache Brooklyn
9 29 (1.28%) Istio
10 24 (1.06%) Rancher
11 18 (0.79%) Consul
12 17 (0.75%) Amdocs OSS
13 14 (0.62%) Kibana
13 14 (0.62%) Salt
14 13 (0.57%) Packer
14 13 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
15 8 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
16 7 (0.31%) AirWatch
16 7 (0.31%) Jamf Pro
Vendors
1 235 (10.33%) Microsoft
2 201 (8.84%) Google
3 120 (5.28%) Oracle
4 58 (2.55%) VMware
5 50 (2.20%) SAP
6 48 (2.11%) Red Hat
7 31 (1.36%) MuleSoft
8 24 (1.06%) Cisco
9 23 (1.01%) IBM
10 21 (0.92%) Spotify
11 19 (0.84%) Facebook
12 17 (0.75%) Amdocs
13 16 (0.70%) Cognizant
13 16 (0.70%) Databricks
14 14 (0.62%) Apple
14 14 (0.62%) New Relic
15 13 (0.57%) Salesforce.com
16 12 (0.53%) Splunk
17 10 (0.44%) Citrix
17 10 (0.44%) Teradata