The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 3 months to 28 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK
3 months to
28 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 126 111 143
Rank change year-on-year -15 +32  
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 920 1160 919
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.95% 2.15% 1.67%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.31% 2.58% 2.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 631 833 599
Median daily rate £450 £445 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.12% +5.95%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £325 £325 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.12%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 3 6
Median hourly rate £47.50 £42.50 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +41.66%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £41.00 £40.10 £24.37
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £54.00 £42.50 £40.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +11.76% +6.25%  

Waterfall is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 39769 44877 44538
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 84.43% 83.33% 80.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 25882 29740 28602
Median daily rate £450 £438 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.85% +6.06%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £285
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +3.75% +3.89%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 1055 1093 1231
Median hourly rate £32.50 £28.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.07% +1.81%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.00 £12.83 £12.35
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £53.50 £47.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.75 £28.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +21.92% -5.00%  

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Waterfall as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 3 months to 28 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 3 months to 28 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 3 months to 28 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 868 £450 - 241
London -17 392 £475 - 90
South East -22 155 £450 +12.50% 36
City of London +21 83 £475 +5.55% 23
Yorkshire +32 71 £410 - 23
North West +16 69 £450 - 32
West Midlands -3 58 £335 -18.78% 13
West Yorkshire +33 56 £418 +1.51% 14
East of England -11 55 £425 -2.85% 13
Leeds +34 45 £418 +1.82% 9
Cheshire +12 37 £465 -2.10% 7
Oxfordshire +15 36 £450 - 4
South West -25 33 £350 -20.45% 18
Surrey +9 31 £400 -15.78% 8
Scotland +31 30 £415 +5.06% 10
Berkshire -31 29 £405 +8.00% 5
Hampshire -7 27 £475 +41.79% 10
Oxford +15 24 £475 -2.56% 1
East Midlands -38 24 £500 +18.34% 8
Birmingham +19 18 £325 -13.33% 2
Hertfordshire 0 18 £450 - 3
Manchester +9 17 £375 -1.44% 21
Wales +5 16 £500 +66.66% 1
Glasgow +6 15 £430 +7.50% 3
Bristol -3 14 £350 -22.30% 9
Buckinghamshire -29 14 £390 -2.50% 1
Gloucestershire +21 13 £350 -41.66% 4
Bedfordshire -6 13 £444 -6.57% 4
South Wales +2 12 £500 +66.66% 1
Coventry 0 12 £450 +12.50% 3

For the 6 months to 28 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 1727 (93.20%) Agile Software Development
2 567 (30.60%) Finance
3 387 (20.89%) Project Management
4 354 (19.10%) Scrum
5 330 (17.81%) SDLC
6 322 (17.38%) SQL
7 270 (14.57%) Stakeholder Management
8 240 (12.95%) Business Analysis
9 221 (11.93%) JIRA
10 219 (11.82%) Oracle
11 218 (11.76%) Java
11 218 (11.76%) Banking
11 218 (11.76%) Analytical Skills
12 214 (11.55%) PRINCE2
13 211 (11.39%) Microsoft
14 175 (9.44%) Retail
15 155 (8.36%) Degree
16 153 (8.26%) User Stories
17 149 (8.04%) HTML
18 145 (7.83%) Test Automation
19 138 (7.45%) JavaScript
20 136 (7.34%) Business Intelligence
21 135 (7.29%) CRM
21 135 (7.29%) SQL Server
22 134 (7.23%) QA
23 130 (7.02%) Security Cleared
23 130 (7.02%) Web Services
24 127 (6.85%) TDD
25 125 (6.75%) ISEB
26 122 (6.58%) DevOps

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (4.10%) Confluence
2 54 (2.91%) SharePoint
3 46 (2.48%) CMS
4 42 (2.27%) WebLogic
5 40 (2.16%) BizTalk Server
5 40 (2.16%) Tomcat
6 32 (1.73%) Apache
7 28 (1.51%) JBoss
7 28 (1.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 25 (1.35%) WebSphere
9 24 (1.30%) Apache Spark
10 21 (1.13%) Apache Solr
10 21 (1.13%) Skype for Business
11 20 (1.08%) nginx
12 12 (0.65%) IIS
12 12 (0.65%) Sitecore CMS
13 11 (0.59%) Documentum
13 11 (0.59%) GlassFish
14 8 (0.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 7 (0.38%) GeoServer
Applications
1 79 (4.26%) Microsoft Project
2 67 (3.62%) Microsoft Excel
3 60 (3.24%) MS Visio
4 53 (2.86%) Microsoft Office
5 42 (2.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.49%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.22%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.16%) OmniGraffle
9 2 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 2 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.11%) Snagit
10 1 (0.054%) InVision
10 1 (0.054%) Stata
Business Applications
1 56 (3.02%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (1.13%) SAP Hybris
3 11 (0.59%) Oracle iRecruitment
3 11 (0.59%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 10 (0.54%) Oracle EBS
5 8 (0.43%) Dynamics AX
6 6 (0.32%) Dynamics NAV
6 6 (0.32%) NetSuite
6 6 (0.32%) Oracle Payroll
6 6 (0.32%) SAP HR
7 5 (0.27%) iTrent
7 5 (0.27%) Oracle ERP
7 5 (0.27%) TrackWise
8 3 (0.16%) Actimize
8 3 (0.16%) IntelliMatch
8 3 (0.16%) Loan IQ
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
8 3 (0.16%) SAP ERP
8 3 (0.16%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 71 (3.83%) Microsoft Azure
2 45 (2.43%) SaaS
3 34 (1.83%) Amazon AWS
4 31 (1.67%) Office 365
5 23 (1.24%) PaaS
6 19 (1.03%) IaaS
7 13 (0.70%) Google Cloud Platform
8 12 (0.65%) Yammer
9 10 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
10 7 (0.38%) Veeva
11 6 (0.32%) Dynamics 365
11 6 (0.32%) Oracle CX
11 6 (0.32%) Oracle Service Cloud
12 5 (0.27%) Azure Data Factory
12 5 (0.27%) CloudSense
12 5 (0.27%) Data Lake Analytics
13 4 (0.22%) G Suite
13 4 (0.22%) GitHub
14 3 (0.16%) Basecamp
15 2 (0.11%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 19 (1.03%) Internet
2 14 (0.76%) Skype
2 14 (0.76%) SSL
3 10 (0.54%) HTTP
3 10 (0.54%) WAN
4 7 (0.38%) Firewall
5 6 (0.32%) IPsec
5 6 (0.32%) TCP/IP
6 5 (0.27%) Intranet
6 5 (0.27%) Network Security
7 4 (0.22%) DNS
7 4 (0.22%) HTTPS
7 4 (0.22%) LAN
7 4 (0.22%) LDAP
7 4 (0.22%) X.509
8 3 (0.16%) FTP
8 3 (0.16%) IP Telephony
8 3 (0.16%) Unified Communications
9 2 (0.11%) VPLS
9 2 (0.11%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 135 (7.29%) SQL Server
2 92 (4.96%) Data Warehouse
3 72 (3.89%) Relational Database
4 71 (3.83%) Oracle Database
5 53 (2.86%) Big Data
6 43 (2.32%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 40 (2.16%) Hadoop
8 38 (2.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 36 (1.94%) RDBMS
10 34 (1.83%) MySQL
11 29 (1.57%) NoSQL
11 29 (1.57%) Oracle BI EE
12 28 (1.51%) SQLPlus
13 27 (1.46%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 24 (1.30%) MongoDB
15 23 (1.24%) SQL Server 2012
16 21 (1.13%) Oracle Reports
17 18 (0.97%) BusinessObjects
17 18 (0.97%) Oracle Database 11g
18 14 (0.76%) MarkLogic
Development Applications
1 221 (11.93%) JIRA
2 115 (6.21%) Git (software)
3 103 (5.56%) Jenkins
4 63 (3.40%) Selenium
5 61 (3.29%) Team Foundation Server
6 42 (2.27%) Subversion
7 28 (1.51%) Cucumber
7 28 (1.51%) Visual Studio
8 24 (1.30%) SoapUI
8 24 (1.30%) Talend Open Studio
9 23 (1.24%) HP UFT
9 23 (1.24%) Vagrant
10 21 (1.13%) TeamCity
11 20 (1.08%) ProC
12 17 (0.92%) JUnit
12 17 (0.92%) SpecFlow
13 16 (0.86%) Maven
14 13 (0.70%) Mockito
15 12 (0.65%) JIRA Agile
16 11 (0.59%) Hudson
General
1 567 (30.60%) Finance
2 218 (11.76%) Banking
3 175 (9.44%) Retail
4 61 (3.29%) Marketing
4 61 (3.29%) Telecoms
5 58 (3.13%) Investment Banking
6 47 (2.54%) Law
7 39 (2.10%) Legal
8 36 (1.94%) Publishing
9 34 (1.83%) Back Office
10 31 (1.67%) Retail Banking
11 29 (1.57%) Advertising
12 28 (1.51%) Manufacturing
13 24 (1.30%) Front Office
14 12 (0.65%) Electronics
15 11 (0.59%) Billing
15 11 (0.59%) Games
16 10 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
17 9 (0.49%) Automotive
18 8 (0.43%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 485 (26.17%) Analyst
2 359 (19.37%) Business Analyst
3 326 (17.59%) Project Manager
4 288 (15.54%) Developer
5 192 (10.36%) Architect
6 87 (4.70%) Consultant
7 74 (3.99%) Java Developer
8 73 (3.94%) Test Manager
9 69 (3.72%) Solutions Architect
10 63 (3.40%) Test Analyst
11 61 (3.29%) Tester
12 55 (2.97%) Senior Manager
13 50 (2.70%) Technical Architect
14 49 (2.64%) SQL Developer
15 47 (2.54%) Oracle Developer
16 44 (2.37%) Programme Manager
17 42 (2.27%) Digital Analyst
18 41 (2.21%) Digital Project Manager
19 39 (2.10%) Digital Business Analyst
19 39 (2.10%) Senior Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 149 (8.04%) HTML
2 130 (7.02%) Web Services
3 120 (6.48%) .NET
4 95 (5.13%) Spring
5 89 (4.80%) SOAP
6 80 (4.32%) XML
7 75 (4.05%) CSS
8 72 (3.89%) jQuery
9 69 (3.72%) REST
10 59 (3.18%) J2EE
11 53 (2.86%) HTML5
11 53 (2.86%) JSP
12 49 (2.64%) JSON
13 44 (2.37%) AngularJS
14 36 (1.94%) Java EE
14 36 (1.94%) RESTful
14 36 (1.94%) Servlets
15 31 (1.67%) Hibernate
16 30 (1.62%) Spring Boot
17 29 (1.57%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 218 (11.76%) Analytical Skills
2 63 (3.40%) Management Information System
3 60 (3.24%) User Experience
4 58 (3.13%) Data Centre
5 39 (2.10%) Computer Science
6 34 (1.83%) Enterprise Software
7 29 (1.57%) Virtual Team
8 25 (1.35%) PMI
9 24 (1.30%) Mobile App
10 18 (0.97%) Derivative
10 18 (0.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 18 (0.97%) SWIFT
11 17 (0.92%) Fixed Income
11 17 (0.92%) Minimum Viable Product
12 14 (0.76%) Fintech
13 10 (0.54%) Mainframe
13 10 (0.54%) Social Media
14 9 (0.49%) Equities
15 8 (0.43%) Greenfield Project
15 8 (0.43%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 108 (5.83%) Windows
2 105 (5.67%) Linux
3 91 (4.91%) Unix
4 33 (1.78%) AIX
5 24 (1.30%) Windows Server
6 16 (0.86%) Apple iOS
7 15 (0.81%) Windows 10
8 12 (0.65%) Android
9 9 (0.49%) Mac OS X
9 9 (0.49%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (0.22%) Mac OS
11 3 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
11 3 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.16%) Solaris
11 3 (0.16%) Windows Vista
12 2 (0.11%) MVS
12 2 (0.11%) Windows 8
12 2 (0.11%) Windows Phone
12 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (0.11%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1727 (93.20%) Agile Software Development
2 387 (20.89%) Project Management
3 354 (19.10%) Scrum
4 330 (17.81%) SDLC
5 270 (14.57%) Stakeholder Management
6 240 (12.95%) Business Analysis
7 214 (11.55%) PRINCE2
8 153 (8.26%) User Stories
9 145 (7.83%) Test Automation
10 136 (7.34%) Business Intelligence
11 135 (7.29%) CRM
12 127 (6.85%) TDD
13 122 (6.58%) DevOps
14 121 (6.53%) Use Case
15 112 (6.04%) ITIL
15 112 (6.04%) User Acceptance Testing
16 105 (5.67%) Migration
17 100 (5.40%) E-Commerce
18 99 (5.34%) Kanban
19 98 (5.29%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 322 (17.38%) SQL
2 218 (11.76%) Java
3 138 (7.45%) JavaScript
4 85 (4.59%) C#
5 80 (4.32%) Python
6 74 (3.99%) C
7 70 (3.78%) Shell Script
8 68 (3.67%) PL/SQL
9 38 (2.05%) Perl
10 29 (1.57%) C++
11 28 (1.51%) Scala
12 21 (1.13%) PHP
12 21 (1.13%) T-SQL
13 15 (0.81%) PowerShell
14 12 (0.65%) Ruby
15 8 (0.43%) Groovy
16 7 (0.38%) Bash Shell
17 6 (0.32%) Apple Swift
17 6 (0.32%) TypeScript
17 6 (0.32%) VBA
Qualifications
1 155 (8.36%) Degree
2 130 (7.02%) Security Cleared
3 125 (6.75%) ISEB
4 91 (4.91%) SC Cleared
5 68 (3.67%) ISTQB
6 60 (3.24%) PMI Certification
7 52 (2.81%) PMP
8 32 (1.73%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 27 (1.46%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 25 (1.35%) CISM
10 25 (1.35%) CISSP
11 18 (0.97%) DV Cleared
12 17 (0.92%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 15 (0.81%) APMP
14 14 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
15 13 (0.70%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 11 (0.59%) CTC Cleared
17 10 (0.54%) ITIL Certification
18 8 (0.43%) IIBA
19 6 (0.32%) PgMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 134 (7.23%) QA
2 48 (2.59%) PMO
3 33 (1.78%) GDPR
4 32 (1.73%) MiFID
5 22 (1.19%) Data Quality
6 20 (1.08%) PCI DSS
7 16 (0.86%) EMIR
8 15 (0.81%) Disclosure Scotland
9 13 (0.70%) NIST 800
9 13 (0.70%) SLA
10 12 (0.65%) WAI
11 11 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 11 (0.59%) WCAG
12 9 (0.49%) SEPA
13 7 (0.38%) Dodd-Frank
13 7 (0.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 6 (0.32%) COBIT
15 4 (0.22%) ISO 20022
15 4 (0.22%) PMBOK
15 4 (0.22%) Solvency II
System Software
1 39 (2.10%) Docker
2 19 (1.03%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.49%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
5 6 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
7 4 (0.22%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.054%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.054%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.054%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 33 (1.78%) HP Quality Center
2 17 (0.92%) Puppet
3 16 (0.86%) Opscode Chef
4 7 (0.38%) Rancher
4 7 (0.38%) SCCM
5 6 (0.32%) HP SiteScope
5 6 (0.32%) OpenView
6 5 (0.27%) Ansible
7 4 (0.22%) SCOrch
8 3 (0.16%) McAfee ePO
8 3 (0.16%) MOM
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle Identity Management
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 2 (0.11%) BladeLogic
9 2 (0.11%) Kubernetes
9 2 (0.11%) Nagios
9 2 (0.11%) Nessus
10 1 (0.054%) Opsview
10 1 (0.054%) Terraform
10 1 (0.054%) Wonderware InTouch
Vendors
1 219 (11.82%) Oracle
2 211 (11.39%) Microsoft
3 103 (5.56%) SAP
4 66 (3.56%) Salesforce.com
5 63 (3.40%) HP
6 37 (2.00%) hybris
7 31 (1.67%) Cloudera
8 26 (1.40%) IBM
9 24 (1.30%) Talend
10 22 (1.19%) Hortonworks
11 21 (1.13%) Adobe
11 21 (1.13%) Google
12 17 (0.92%) Informatica
12 17 (0.92%) ServiceNow
13 15 (0.81%) Pega
13 15 (0.81%) Siebel
13 15 (0.81%) VMware
14 13 (0.70%) Sitecore
15 10 (0.54%) CA Agile Central
15 10 (0.54%) Tableau
Brighton, East Sussex
Advento Staffing Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Taunton, Somerset
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
Brighton, East Sussex
Advento Staffing Ltd
Rate: From £500 to £600 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Redhill, Surrey
LEXSTRA
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Belfast, County Antrim
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 18 hours ago
Solihull, West Midlands (County)
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Understanding Recruitment
Rate: £250.00 - £300.00 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £560.00 per annum
Posted: 17 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: UKP 120000 per year
Posted: 19 hours ago
West London
Square One Resources
Rate: Unspecified Market Rates
Posted: Yesterday
Brentford, Middlesex
Randstad Strategic Accounts
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Source Technology
Rate: From £650 to £700 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Total Recruitment Specialists Limited / TRG / Total recruitment group
Rate: £450 - £525 Per Day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £550 - £600 per annum
Posted: 20 hours ago
Cheshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Southend-On-Sea, Essex
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £550 to £615 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Robert Walters
Rate: £41000 - £43000 per annum + Public Sector Pension
Posted: 5 days ago
Cheshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £430 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Cititec
Rate: £600.00 - £620.00 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Montash
Rate: £700 - £710 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Spring Technology
Posted: 6 days ago
London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
IntaPeople
Rate: £445 - £495 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
West Midlands
ReThink Recruitment
Posted: 4 days ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: negotiable
Posted: 6 days ago
Hounslow, Middlesex
LA International
Posted: 4 days ago
Hampshire
Venturi
Rate: £450 - £530 per day
Posted: 6 days ago