Period
to 20 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 20 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
20 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 113 126 102
Rank change year-on-year +13 -24 +51
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 2,185 2,034 2,386
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.20% 2.10% 2.21%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.60% 2.51% 2.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,585 1,479 1,627
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% -
10th Percentile £315 £313 £300
90th Percentile £600 £600 £571
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -2.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 7 9
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £45.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.11% -10.00% +110.53%
10th Percentile £27.64 £35.60 £36.50
90th Percentile £66.50 £69.85 £56.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.25 £40.57 £51.25
% change year-on-year -8.18% -20.84% +127.78%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 84,024 81,140 89,182
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.51% 83.79% 82.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,267 53,737 57,879
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £285 £263 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +2.50% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,958 2,261 2,720
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £24.50 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.08% +3.16% +18.75%
10th Percentile £11.32 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year -2.04% -2.00% +24.22%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 20 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 1,948 £455 +1.11% 392
UK excluding London +25 1,269 £425 - 312
London -15 879 £500 +5.26% 129
South East +23 404 £450 +3.45% 54
North of England +48 289 £425 -5.56% 115
Midlands -18 178 £388 -6.63% 32
North West +46 142 £450 - 62
Scotland +52 136 £415 +3.75% 39
West Midlands -8 115 £400 -5.88% 21
South West +2 106 £425 +13.33% 21
Yorkshire +16 101 £425 +1.19% 45
East of England -13 100 £436 +4.43% 41
East Midlands +2 58 £370 -1.33% 11
North East +28 48 £438 -7.89% 8
Northern Ireland +4 39 £420 -6.67%
Wales -1 24 £371 -5.71% 9
Isle of Man - 4 £225 -
Channel Islands - 2 £500 - 1

For the 6 months to 20 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 2,057 (94.14%) Agile Software Development
2 752 (34.42%) Finance
3 521 (23.84%) Project Management
4 456 (20.87%) Stakeholder Management
5 348 (15.93%) Scrum
6 324 (14.83%) Java
7 303 (13.87%) SQL
8 300 (13.73%) SDLC
9 293 (13.41%) Business Analysis
10 291 (13.32%) JIRA
11 251 (11.49%) Oracle
12 245 (11.21%) PRINCE2
13 221 (10.11%) Microsoft
14 218 (9.98%) Banking
15 217 (9.93%) Test Automation
16 200 (9.15%) Web Services
17 199 (9.11%) JavaScript
18 183 (8.38%) Degree
19 182 (8.33%) QA
20 175 (8.01%) User Acceptance Testing
21 172 (7.87%) TDD
22 170 (7.78%) CRM
23 167 (7.64%) SQL Server
24 159 (7.28%) Analytical Skills
25 155 (7.09%) User Stories
26 147 (6.73%) .NET
27 143 (6.54%) HTML
28 142 (6.50%) Security Cleared
29 140 (6.41%) Continuous Integration
30 139 (6.36%) Retail

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (6.04%) Confluence
2 70 (3.20%) SharePoint
3 66 (3.02%) WebSphere
4 60 (2.75%) CMS
5 42 (1.92%) JBoss
6 38 (1.74%) WebLogic
7 29 (1.33%) Apache
7 29 (1.33%) Tomcat
8 17 (0.78%) IIS
8 17 (0.78%) SAS
9 15 (0.69%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 15 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 11 (0.50%) MS Project Server
11 10 (0.46%) Drupal
12 9 (0.41%) Apache Spark
12 9 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
12 9 (0.41%) WebSphere Application Server
13 8 (0.37%) Apache Solr
14 7 (0.32%) MS Exchange
15 6 (0.27%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 103 (4.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 95 (4.35%) Microsoft Project
3 85 (3.89%) MS Visio
4 79 (3.62%) Microsoft Office
5 50 (2.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 12 (0.55%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 7 (0.32%) OmniGraffle
7 7 (0.32%) Photoshop
8 6 (0.27%) InDesign
9 3 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.092%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.046%) InVision
Business Applications
1 35 (1.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.78%) Dynamics AX
3 9 (0.41%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 8 (0.37%) NetSuite
5 7 (0.32%) Oracle Retail
6 6 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
6 6 (0.27%) PeopleSoft HRMS
6 6 (0.27%) Primavera
6 6 (0.27%) SAP CO
6 6 (0.27%) SAP FI
6 6 (0.27%) SAP FI/CO
6 6 (0.27%) Unit4 Business World
7 5 (0.23%) CA PPM
7 5 (0.23%) Oracle Financials
7 5 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
8 4 (0.18%) Eloqua
8 4 (0.18%) HFM
8 4 (0.18%) Infor CRM
9 3 (0.14%) Cognos TM1
9 3 (0.14%) Hyperion Planning
Cloud Services
1 81 (3.71%) Microsoft Azure
2 54 (2.47%) SaaS
3 51 (2.33%) Amazon AWS
4 40 (1.83%) Office 365
5 32 (1.46%) PaaS
6 24 (1.10%) IaaS
7 16 (0.73%) GitHub
8 15 (0.69%) Trello
9 13 (0.59%) OpenShift
10 12 (0.55%) Cloud Computing
11 10 (0.46%) Veeva
12 9 (0.41%) Dynamics 365
12 9 (0.41%) Force.com
12 9 (0.41%) Sauce Labs
13 8 (0.37%) npm
13 8 (0.37%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 7 (0.32%) Adobe Analytics
14 7 (0.32%) BrowserStack
15 6 (0.27%) Google Cloud Platform
15 6 (0.27%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 38 (1.74%) HTTP
2 29 (1.33%) Internet
3 26 (1.19%) SMS
4 23 (1.05%) TCP/IP
5 21 (0.96%) FTP
6 19 (0.87%) Firewall
7 12 (0.55%) Intranet
8 11 (0.50%) DNS
8 11 (0.50%) SAN
9 7 (0.32%) Unified Communications
10 6 (0.27%) Remote Desktop
10 6 (0.27%) SSL
11 5 (0.23%) DHCP
11 5 (0.23%) HTTPS
11 5 (0.23%) Wireshark
12 3 (0.14%) LAN
12 3 (0.14%) LTE
12 3 (0.14%) Network Security
12 3 (0.14%) Reverse Proxy
12 3 (0.14%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 167 (7.64%) SQL Server
2 125 (5.72%) Relational Database
3 106 (4.85%) Data Warehouse
4 87 (3.98%) RDBMS
5 54 (2.47%) Oracle Database
6 47 (2.15%) DB2
7 38 (1.74%) Big Data
7 38 (1.74%) NoSQL
8 36 (1.65%) MySQL
9 33 (1.51%) SQL Server 2012
10 27 (1.24%) DB2 UDB
11 25 (1.14%) Hadoop
11 25 (1.14%) SQL Server 2016
12 23 (1.05%) SQL Server 2014
13 22 (1.01%) MongoDB
13 22 (1.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 14 (0.64%) OLAP
14 14 (0.64%) Oracle BI EE
14 14 (0.64%) SQLPlus
15 13 (0.59%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 291 (13.32%) JIRA
2 113 (5.17%) Jenkins
3 75 (3.43%) Eclipse
4 74 (3.39%) Git (software)
5 72 (3.30%) Cucumber
5 72 (3.30%) JUnit
6 71 (3.25%) Selenium
7 58 (2.65%) Maven
8 55 (2.52%) Subversion
9 50 (2.29%) SoapUI
10 46 (2.11%) Ant
11 39 (1.78%) Team Foundation Server
12 36 (1.65%) Visual Studio
13 35 (1.60%) HP UFT
13 35 (1.60%) Zephyr
14 34 (1.56%) Grunt
15 32 (1.46%) Jasmine
15 32 (1.46%) LoadRunner
16 27 (1.24%) Mockito
17 23 (1.05%) Bower
General
1 752 (34.42%) Finance
2 218 (9.98%) Banking
3 139 (6.36%) Retail
4 102 (4.67%) Telecoms
5 81 (3.71%) Marketing
6 46 (2.11%) Manufacturing
7 41 (1.88%) Investment Banking
8 39 (1.78%) Back Office
9 35 (1.60%) Legal
10 33 (1.51%) Front Office
11 32 (1.46%) Law
12 25 (1.14%) Automotive
13 24 (1.10%) Billing
13 24 (1.10%) Retail Banking
14 18 (0.82%) Pharmaceutical
15 16 (0.73%) Financial Institution
16 14 (0.64%) Electronics
17 12 (0.55%) Publishing
18 11 (0.50%) Advertising
18 11 (0.50%) Games
Job Titles
1 651 (29.79%) Analyst
2 484 (22.15%) Business Analyst
3 451 (20.64%) Project Manager
4 329 (15.06%) Developer
5 141 (6.45%) Architect
6 120 (5.49%) Java Developer
7 100 (4.58%) Test Analyst
8 71 (3.25%) Test Manager
9 68 (3.11%) IT Manager
10 66 (3.02%) Solutions Architect
11 65 (2.97%) Programme Manager
11 65 (2.97%) Senior Manager
12 64 (2.93%) Senior Analyst
13 59 (2.70%) Digital Analyst
14 58 (2.65%) Agile Business Analyst
14 58 (2.65%) Senior Developer
15 57 (2.61%) Digital Business Analyst
15 57 (2.61%) Senior Project Manager
16 56 (2.56%) IT Project Manager
17 53 (2.43%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 200 (9.15%) Web Services
2 147 (6.73%) .NET
3 143 (6.54%) HTML
4 135 (6.18%) CSS
5 133 (6.09%) Spring
6 114 (5.22%) XML
7 113 (5.17%) Hibernate
8 104 (4.76%) REST
9 97 (4.44%) AngularJS
10 91 (4.16%) SOAP
11 82 (3.75%) J2EE
11 82 (3.75%) jQuery
12 76 (3.48%) HTML5
13 64 (2.93%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 56 (2.56%) RESTful
15 54 (2.47%) Ajax
16 47 (2.15%) JMS
17 43 (1.97%) Middleware
18 41 (1.88%) Backbone.js
18 41 (1.88%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 159 (7.28%) Analytical Skills
2 69 (3.16%) User Experience
3 65 (2.97%) Management Information System
4 64 (2.93%) Virtual Team
5 61 (2.79%) Mobile App
6 45 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
7 34 (1.56%) Greenfield Project
8 32 (1.46%) Data Centre
9 28 (1.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 25 (1.14%) Computer Science
10 25 (1.14%) PMI
11 23 (1.05%) Client/Server
12 21 (0.96%) Equities
12 21 (0.96%) Fixed Income
13 19 (0.87%) Derivative
14 16 (0.73%) Data Structures
15 12 (0.55%) N-Tier
16 11 (0.50%) Credit Risk
16 11 (0.50%) Mainframe
16 11 (0.50%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 86 (3.94%) Linux
2 84 (3.84%) Windows
3 80 (3.66%) Unix
4 20 (0.92%) Android
4 20 (0.92%) Apple iOS
4 20 (0.92%) Windows 10
5 16 (0.73%) Windows Server
6 13 (0.59%) AIX
7 12 (0.55%) Windows Server 2003
8 9 (0.41%) Mac OS X
8 9 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
9 8 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 8 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
10 6 (0.27%) Windows 8
11 5 (0.23%) Windows Vista
12 3 (0.14%) CoreOS
12 3 (0.14%) HPUX
12 3 (0.14%) VMS
13 2 (0.092%) CentOS
13 2 (0.092%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,057 (94.14%) Agile Software Development
2 521 (23.84%) Project Management
3 456 (20.87%) Stakeholder Management
4 348 (15.93%) Scrum
5 300 (13.73%) SDLC
6 293 (13.41%) Business Analysis
7 245 (11.21%) PRINCE2
8 217 (9.93%) Test Automation
9 175 (8.01%) User Acceptance Testing
10 172 (7.87%) TDD
11 170 (7.78%) CRM
12 155 (7.09%) User Stories
13 140 (6.41%) Continuous Integration
14 131 (6.00%) ITIL
15 125 (5.72%) DevOps
16 124 (5.68%) E-Commerce
17 120 (5.49%) Continuous Improvement
18 115 (5.26%) Mentoring
19 113 (5.17%) Change Management
19 113 (5.17%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 324 (14.83%) Java
2 303 (13.87%) SQL
3 199 (9.11%) JavaScript
4 124 (5.68%) C#
5 68 (3.11%) Python
6 51 (2.33%) PL/SQL
7 46 (2.11%) C
8 34 (1.56%) Shell Script
8 34 (1.56%) T-SQL
9 31 (1.42%) C++
10 24 (1.10%) Perl
11 23 (1.05%) PowerShell
12 18 (0.82%) Ruby
12 18 (0.82%) XPath
13 17 (0.78%) Bash Shell
14 16 (0.73%) VBScript
15 15 (0.69%) PHP
16 14 (0.64%) Groovy
17 13 (0.59%) VBA
18 11 (0.50%) Scala
Qualifications
1 183 (8.38%) Degree
2 142 (6.50%) Security Cleared
3 110 (5.03%) SC Cleared
4 107 (4.90%) ISEB
5 71 (3.25%) PMI Certification
5 71 (3.25%) PMP
6 51 (2.33%) ISTQB
7 46 (2.11%) PRINCE2 Certification
8 38 (1.74%) BPSS Clearance
9 37 (1.69%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 25 (1.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 12 (0.55%) ISEB Practitioner
12 11 (0.50%) Computer Science Degree
12 11 (0.50%) IIBA
13 10 (0.46%) CBAP
13 10 (0.46%) DV Cleared
14 9 (0.41%) AWS Certification
15 8 (0.37%) ITIL Certification
16 7 (0.32%) Cisco Certification
16 7 (0.32%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 182 (8.33%) QA
2 80 (3.66%) PMO
3 67 (3.07%) GDPR
4 30 (1.37%) Data Quality
5 20 (0.92%) Disclosure Scotland
6 19 (0.87%) MiFID
7 13 (0.59%) SLA
8 9 (0.41%) EMIR
9 7 (0.32%) PCI DSS
9 7 (0.32%) WAI
10 6 (0.27%) PMBOK
10 6 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 6 (0.27%) WCAG
11 5 (0.23%) Solvency II
12 4 (0.18%) GAAP
12 4 (0.18%) ISO 9001
13 3 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 3 (0.14%) NIST 800
13 3 (0.14%) PSD2
13 3 (0.14%) SEPA
System Software
1 21 (0.96%) Docker
2 18 (0.82%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
5 6 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
6 5 (0.23%) Microsoft App-V
6 5 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.14%) VirtualBox
7 3 (0.14%) Xen
8 2 (0.092%) Firmware
8 2 (0.092%) XenDesktop
9 1 (0.046%) GlusterFS
9 1 (0.046%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.046%) ISA Server
9 1 (0.046%) Oracle Clusterware
9 1 (0.046%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.046%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 35 (1.60%) HP Quality Center
2 17 (0.78%) Ansible
3 16 (0.73%) HP SiteScope
3 16 (0.73%) OpenView
4 10 (0.46%) Puppet
5 9 (0.41%) SCCM
6 7 (0.32%) CA Service Virtualization
7 5 (0.23%) Kubernetes
7 5 (0.23%) Opscode Chef
8 4 (0.18%) Terraform
9 3 (0.14%) Nagios
10 2 (0.092%) AirWatch
10 2 (0.092%) Control-M
10 2 (0.092%) Nessus
10 2 (0.092%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 1 (0.046%) Grafana
11 1 (0.046%) Kibana
11 1 (0.046%) logstash
11 1 (0.046%) Oracle Flashback
11 1 (0.046%) OSSEC
Vendors
1 251 (11.49%) Oracle
2 221 (10.11%) Microsoft
3 97 (4.44%) HP
4 96 (4.39%) SAP
5 55 (2.52%) Salesforce.com
6 48 (2.20%) IBM
7 41 (1.88%) Adobe
8 28 (1.28%) Citrix
9 25 (1.14%) hybris
10 24 (1.10%) Sybase
11 23 (1.05%) ServiceNow
12 22 (1.01%) Google
13 20 (0.92%) PeopleSoft
14 18 (0.82%) VMware
15 17 (0.78%) Cloudera
16 16 (0.73%) Cisco
17 15 (0.69%) Atlassian
17 15 (0.69%) Hortonworks
17 15 (0.69%) Pega
18 14 (0.64%) Progress