Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 118 113 110
Rank change year-on-year -5 -3 +64
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 2105 2289 2451
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.06% 2.17% 2.13%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.44% 2.58% 2.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 1525 1617 1646
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% -
10th Percentile £313 £313 £300
90th Percentile £599 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £410
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 3 6
UK median hourly rate £37.00 £36.14 £24.37
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +48.33% -40.93%
10th Percentile £30.50 £36.03 £16.41
90th Percentile £75.50 £87.23 £45.31
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.50 £36.07 £41.25
% change year-on-year -1.58% -12.56% -

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86286 88673 93962
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.52% 83.92% 81.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 57474 58658 60890
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £630 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2038 2353 2731
UK median hourly rate £23.63 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.56% +6.67% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.48 £11.26 £11.50
90th Percentile £49.75 £48.75 £47.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.02 £24.50 £23.50
% change year-on-year -1.96% +4.26% +17.50%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 1915 £450 - 177
UK excluding London +6 1202 £425 - 120
London -27 875 £475 - 64
South East +15 403 £450 +5.88% 25
North of England +55 271 £425 -5.56% 40
Midlands -27 179 £400 -5.88% 15
North West +36 133 £450 - 23
West Midlands -30 114 £400 -5.88% 9
Yorkshire +27 105 £425 - 14
East of England -19 102 £416 +0.33% 21
Scotland +29 101 £415 +3.75% 2
South West -11 89 £425 +6.25% 12
East Midlands -5 64 £400 +2.56% 6
Northern Ireland -10 39 £420 +68.00% 2
North East +46 34 £400 -15.79% 3
Wales -7 23 £346 -7.80% 3
Isle of Man - 4 £225 -
Channel Islands - 1 £500 -

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 1980 (94.06%) Agile Software Development
2 705 (33.49%) Finance
3 486 (23.09%) Project Management
4 424 (20.14%) Stakeholder Management
5 348 (16.53%) Scrum
6 304 (14.44%) SQL
7 290 (13.78%) Java
8 289 (13.73%) SDLC
9 268 (12.73%) Business Analysis
10 260 (12.35%) JIRA
11 252 (11.97%) PRINCE2
12 250 (11.88%) Banking
13 216 (10.26%) Oracle
13 216 (10.26%) Test Automation
14 204 (9.69%) Microsoft
15 185 (8.79%) JavaScript
16 180 (8.55%) QA
16 180 (8.55%) Analytical Skills
17 173 (8.22%) Degree
18 171 (8.12%) TDD
19 170 (8.08%) Web Services
20 165 (7.84%) User Acceptance Testing
21 162 (7.70%) CRM
22 157 (7.46%) SQL Server
23 148 (7.03%) User Stories
24 146 (6.94%) Security Cleared
25 139 (6.60%) ISEB
25 139 (6.60%) Retail
26 132 (6.27%) .NET
26 132 (6.27%) HTML

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (5.13%) Confluence
2 70 (3.33%) SharePoint
3 60 (2.85%) WebSphere
4 48 (2.28%) CMS
5 34 (1.62%) JBoss
6 26 (1.24%) WebLogic
7 22 (1.05%) Apache
8 17 (0.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 16 (0.76%) BizTalk Server
9 16 (0.76%) IIS
9 16 (0.76%) SAS
10 15 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 14 (0.67%) Apache Solr
12 13 (0.62%) Tomcat
13 11 (0.52%) Sitecore CMS
13 11 (0.52%) Skype for Business
14 9 (0.43%) MS Project Server
15 7 (0.33%) MS Exchange
15 7 (0.33%) WebSphere Application Server
16 6 (0.29%) Drupal
Applications
1 91 (4.32%) Microsoft Project
2 87 (4.13%) Microsoft Excel
3 74 (3.52%) Microsoft Office
4 71 (3.37%) MS Visio
5 49 (2.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.38%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 7 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.24%) OmniGraffle
9 3 (0.14%) Photoshop
10 2 (0.095%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.048%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 41 (1.95%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.71%) Dynamics AX
3 9 (0.43%) SAP Hybris
4 7 (0.33%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 6 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
5 6 (0.29%) Oracle Financials
6 5 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
6 5 (0.24%) NetSuite
7 4 (0.19%) HFM
7 4 (0.19%) Oracle Retail
7 4 (0.19%) PeopleSoft Financials
8 3 (0.14%) Cognos TM1
8 3 (0.14%) Hyperion Planning
8 3 (0.14%) Infor LN
8 3 (0.14%) iTrent
8 3 (0.14%) SAP HR
9 2 (0.095%) Actimize
9 2 (0.095%) Magento
9 2 (0.095%) Oracle BRM
9 2 (0.095%) SAP HCM
Cloud Services
1 72 (3.42%) Microsoft Azure
2 40 (1.90%) SaaS
3 39 (1.85%) Office 365
4 27 (1.28%) Amazon AWS
4 27 (1.28%) PaaS
5 20 (0.95%) IaaS
6 15 (0.71%) OpenShift
6 15 (0.71%) Veeva
7 12 (0.57%) Trello
8 10 (0.48%) Dynamics 365
8 10 (0.48%) Google Cloud Platform
9 7 (0.33%) npm
9 7 (0.33%) Yammer
10 6 (0.29%) Force.com
10 6 (0.29%) GitHub
10 6 (0.29%) Salesforce Service Cloud
10 6 (0.29%) Sauce Labs
11 5 (0.24%) Cloud Computing
11 5 (0.24%) CloudSense
11 5 (0.24%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 25 (1.19%) SMS
2 20 (0.95%) FTP
3 18 (0.86%) Internet
4 15 (0.71%) HTTP
5 14 (0.67%) TCP/IP
6 11 (0.52%) Firewall
6 11 (0.52%) Intranet
6 11 (0.52%) SAN
7 6 (0.29%) Skype
8 5 (0.24%) Unified Communications
9 3 (0.14%) DNS
9 3 (0.14%) HTTPS
9 3 (0.14%) iBeacon
9 3 (0.14%) SSL
9 3 (0.14%) VLAN
9 3 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
10 2 (0.095%) DOCSIS
10 2 (0.095%) Reverse Proxy
11 1 (0.048%) 802.15
11 1 (0.048%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 157 (7.46%) SQL Server
2 93 (4.42%) Relational Database
3 80 (3.80%) Data Warehouse
4 70 (3.33%) RDBMS
5 54 (2.57%) Oracle Database
6 51 (2.42%) DB2
7 28 (1.33%) DB2 UDB
8 26 (1.24%) MySQL
9 25 (1.19%) Oracle BI EE
9 25 (1.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 24 (1.14%) Big Data
11 19 (0.90%) MongoDB
12 18 (0.86%) SQL Server 2012
13 17 (0.81%) NoSQL
13 17 (0.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 15 (0.71%) Hadoop
14 15 (0.71%) SQLPlus
15 14 (0.67%) MarkLogic
15 14 (0.67%) SQL Server 2016
16 13 (0.62%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 260 (12.35%) JIRA
2 82 (3.90%) Jenkins
3 72 (3.42%) Git (software)
4 68 (3.23%) Cucumber
5 67 (3.18%) Eclipse
5 67 (3.18%) JUnit
6 64 (3.04%) Selenium
7 58 (2.76%) Team Foundation Server
8 50 (2.38%) SoapUI
9 46 (2.19%) Maven
10 44 (2.09%) Subversion
11 40 (1.90%) Ant
12 37 (1.76%) Grunt
13 31 (1.47%) LoadRunner
14 30 (1.43%) Visual Studio
15 27 (1.28%) SpecFlow
16 26 (1.24%) Jasmine
17 24 (1.14%) HP UFT
18 23 (1.09%) Bower
19 22 (1.05%) Zephyr
General
1 705 (33.49%) Finance
2 250 (11.88%) Banking
3 139 (6.60%) Retail
4 110 (5.23%) Telecoms
5 86 (4.09%) Marketing
6 57 (2.71%) Investment Banking
7 51 (2.42%) Manufacturing
8 42 (2.00%) Retail Banking
9 40 (1.90%) Law
10 36 (1.71%) Legal
11 35 (1.66%) Front Office
12 34 (1.62%) Back Office
13 31 (1.47%) Billing
14 27 (1.28%) Financial Institution
15 25 (1.19%) Automotive
16 17 (0.81%) Electronics
17 15 (0.71%) Advertising
17 15 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
18 14 (0.67%) Games
19 13 (0.62%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 624 (29.64%) Analyst
2 440 (20.90%) Business Analyst
3 425 (20.19%) Project Manager
4 311 (14.77%) Developer
5 130 (6.18%) Architect
6 123 (5.84%) Java Developer
7 105 (4.99%) Test Analyst
8 70 (3.33%) Solutions Architect
9 63 (2.99%) Test Manager
10 60 (2.85%) Senior Manager
11 59 (2.80%) IT Manager
12 56 (2.66%) Senior Analyst
13 55 (2.61%) Programme Manager
14 52 (2.47%) Tester
15 49 (2.33%) Scrum Master
15 49 (2.33%) Senior Project Manager
16 48 (2.28%) Agile Business Analyst
17 47 (2.23%) Consultant
17 47 (2.23%) Delivery Manager
17 47 (2.23%) IT Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 170 (8.08%) Web Services
2 132 (6.27%) .NET
2 132 (6.27%) HTML
3 131 (6.22%) Spring
4 114 (5.42%) CSS
5 101 (4.80%) Hibernate
6 100 (4.75%) XML
7 93 (4.42%) SOAP
8 87 (4.13%) AngularJS
9 81 (3.85%) J2EE
10 78 (3.71%) jQuery
11 77 (3.66%) REST
12 67 (3.18%) HTML5
12 67 (3.18%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 59 (2.80%) Ajax
14 57 (2.71%) RESTful
15 51 (2.42%) JSP
16 42 (2.00%) Spring MVC
17 40 (1.90%) ASP.NET
17 40 (1.90%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 180 (8.55%) Analytical Skills
2 73 (3.47%) Virtual Team
3 66 (3.14%) Management Information System
4 54 (2.57%) User Experience
5 48 (2.28%) Enterprise Software
5 48 (2.28%) Mobile App
6 44 (2.09%) Data Centre
7 33 (1.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 31 (1.47%) PMI
9 30 (1.43%) Computer Science
10 27 (1.28%) Greenfield Project
11 21 (1.00%) Equities
11 21 (1.00%) Fixed Income
12 18 (0.86%) Derivative
12 18 (0.86%) Fintech
13 16 (0.76%) Client/Server
14 14 (0.67%) SWIFT
15 13 (0.62%) Hedge funds
16 10 (0.48%) Data Structures
16 10 (0.48%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 84 (3.99%) Windows
2 67 (3.18%) Linux
3 58 (2.76%) Unix
4 16 (0.76%) Android
5 13 (0.62%) Apple iOS
5 13 (0.62%) Windows Server
6 12 (0.57%) AIX
6 12 (0.57%) Windows 10
7 7 (0.33%) Windows Server 2003
8 4 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
8 4 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
9 3 (0.14%) HPUX
9 3 (0.14%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.14%) VMS
10 2 (0.095%) Solaris
10 2 (0.095%) Windows 7
10 2 (0.095%) Windows Phone
11 1 (0.048%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.048%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 1980 (94.06%) Agile Software Development
2 486 (23.09%) Project Management
3 424 (20.14%) Stakeholder Management
4 348 (16.53%) Scrum
5 289 (13.73%) SDLC
6 268 (12.73%) Business Analysis
7 252 (11.97%) PRINCE2
8 216 (10.26%) Test Automation
9 171 (8.12%) TDD
10 165 (7.84%) User Acceptance Testing
11 162 (7.70%) CRM
12 148 (7.03%) User Stories
13 120 (5.70%) Business Intelligence
14 119 (5.65%) ITIL
15 117 (5.56%) Continuous Integration
16 115 (5.46%) Change Management
17 114 (5.42%) DevOps
18 112 (5.32%) Kanban
19 110 (5.23%) E-Commerce
20 106 (5.04%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 304 (14.44%) SQL
2 290 (13.78%) Java
3 185 (8.79%) JavaScript
4 110 (5.23%) C#
5 52 (2.47%) PL/SQL
6 44 (2.09%) Python
6 44 (2.09%) T-SQL
7 28 (1.33%) Shell Script
8 26 (1.24%) C++
9 25 (1.19%) C
10 23 (1.09%) PowerShell
11 18 (0.86%) XPath
12 17 (0.81%) Perl
13 12 (0.57%) Bash Shell
13 12 (0.57%) VBScript
14 10 (0.48%) Groovy
14 10 (0.48%) Ruby
15 9 (0.43%) F#
15 9 (0.43%) TypeScript
16 8 (0.38%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 173 (8.22%) Degree
2 146 (6.94%) Security Cleared
3 139 (6.60%) ISEB
4 101 (4.80%) SC Cleared
5 75 (3.56%) ISTQB
6 62 (2.95%) PMI Certification
7 60 (2.85%) PMP
8 39 (1.85%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
9 33 (1.57%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 30 (1.43%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 27 (1.28%) BPSS Clearance
12 13 (0.62%) ISEB Practitioner
13 12 (0.57%) IIBA
14 11 (0.52%) DV Cleared
14 11 (0.52%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 10 (0.48%) APMP
16 9 (0.43%) CBAP
16 9 (0.43%) Computer Science Degree
16 9 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
17 7 (0.33%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 180 (8.55%) QA
2 83 (3.94%) PMO
3 72 (3.42%) GDPR
4 30 (1.43%) Data Quality
5 27 (1.28%) MiFID
6 16 (0.76%) EMIR
7 13 (0.62%) Disclosure Scotland
7 13 (0.62%) SLA
8 9 (0.43%) WAI
9 7 (0.33%) NIST 800
10 6 (0.29%) PCI DSS
11 5 (0.24%) PSD2
12 4 (0.19%) ISO 9001
12 4 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
13 3 (0.14%) FINREP
13 3 (0.14%) ISO 20022
13 3 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 3 (0.14%) SEPA
13 3 (0.14%) Solvency II
System Software
1 12 (0.57%) Active Directory
2 11 (0.52%) Docker
3 7 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
5 3 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.095%) Firmware
7 1 (0.048%) GlusterFS
7 1 (0.048%) Oracle Clusterware
7 1 (0.048%) Oracle RAC
7 1 (0.048%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.048%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.048%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 30 (1.43%) HP Quality Center
2 19 (0.90%) HP SiteScope
2 19 (0.90%) OpenView
3 12 (0.57%) Ansible
4 11 (0.52%) Puppet
5 8 (0.38%) SCCM
6 7 (0.33%) Opscode Chef
7 5 (0.24%) Nagios
8 4 (0.19%) CA Service Virtualization
8 4 (0.19%) Terraform
9 3 (0.14%) Kubernetes
9 3 (0.14%) Rancher
9 3 (0.14%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
10 2 (0.095%) AirWatch
10 2 (0.095%) Control-M
11 1 (0.048%) Opsview
11 1 (0.048%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
11 1 (0.048%) Oracle Flashback
11 1 (0.048%) Oracle RMAN
11 1 (0.048%) Oracle Statspack
Vendors
1 216 (10.26%) Oracle
2 204 (9.69%) Microsoft
3 100 (4.75%) HP
4 84 (3.99%) SAP
5 51 (2.42%) Salesforce.com
6 44 (2.09%) IBM
7 31 (1.47%) Adobe
8 23 (1.09%) Google
8 23 (1.09%) Sybase
9 22 (1.05%) hybris
10 20 (0.95%) Progress
10 20 (0.95%) ServiceNow
11 18 (0.86%) Pega
11 18 (0.86%) PeopleSoft
12 17 (0.81%) Citrix
12 17 (0.81%) Sitecore
13 14 (0.67%) Cognos
13 14 (0.67%) VMware
14 12 (0.57%) Solace
15 11 (0.52%) WSO2