Period
to 16 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 16 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
16 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 122 107 128
Rank change year-on-year -15 +21 +52
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 1934 2390 2039
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.02% 2.19% 1.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.40% 2.63% 2.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 1349 1654 1347
UK median daily rate £450 £441 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +5.00% -1.18%
10th Percentile £313 £312 £300
90th Percentile £613 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 6 11
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £41.00 £31.44
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.85% +30.41% -30.90%
10th Percentile £34.30 £34.88 £22.50
90th Percentile £72.20 £44.50 £47.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.25 £41.00 £35.72
% change year-on-year +15.24% +14.78% -41.44%

Waterfall is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 80665 90976 91007
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 84.35% 83.47% 80.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 52984 60071 57896
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £281 £263 £259
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1998 2199 2592
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £22.12
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +13.05% +7.88%
10th Percentile £11.72 £11.50 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.25 £48.55 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +4.65%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 16 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 16 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 16 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 1814 £450 - 248
UK excluding London -29 1031 £425 - 177
London +2 880 £475 - 96
South East -16 338 £450 +12.50% 46
North of England +28 268 £425 - 52
Midlands -53 149 £388 -9.88% 18
North West +4 128 £450 +3.45% 29
Yorkshire +30 118 £425 +9.68% 22
East of England -24 108 £429 -2.00% 16
West Midlands -33 99 £335 -20.24% 13
South West -34 67 £350 -20.45% 20
Scotland +18 58 £415 +4.47% 17
East Midlands -47 47 £450 +5.88% 5
Wales +14 35 £350 +7.69% 3
North East +42 23 £450 -5.26% 1
Northern Ireland -39 14 £421 +68.50% 4

For the 6 months to 16 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 1810 (93.59%) Agile Software Development
2 616 (31.85%) Finance
3 409 (21.15%) Project Management
4 396 (20.48%) Scrum
5 339 (17.53%) SQL
6 301 (15.56%) Stakeholder Management
7 295 (15.25%) SDLC
8 260 (13.44%) Banking
9 251 (12.98%) Java
10 250 (12.93%) JIRA
11 245 (12.67%) Business Analysis
12 235 (12.15%) PRINCE2
13 224 (11.58%) Analytical Skills
14 218 (11.27%) Microsoft
15 197 (10.19%) Oracle
16 178 (9.20%) Retail
17 173 (8.95%) Test Automation
18 166 (8.58%) TDD
19 157 (8.12%) Security Cleared
20 153 (7.91%) Degree
21 152 (7.86%) CRM
22 151 (7.81%) Business Intelligence
22 151 (7.81%) JavaScript
23 150 (7.76%) DevOps
24 145 (7.50%) QA
25 144 (7.45%) User Stories
26 137 (7.08%) User Acceptance Testing
27 136 (7.03%) HTML
28 135 (6.98%) Web Services
28 135 (6.98%) Spring

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (4.86%) Confluence
2 58 (3.00%) SharePoint
3 45 (2.33%) JBoss
4 36 (1.86%) WebSphere
5 31 (1.60%) CMS
6 30 (1.55%) BizTalk Server
7 28 (1.45%) Apache Spark
7 28 (1.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 28 (1.45%) WebLogic
8 25 (1.29%) Apache Solr
9 23 (1.19%) Apache
10 18 (0.93%) Skype for Business
10 18 (0.93%) Tomcat
11 15 (0.78%) SAS
12 14 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 14 (0.72%) IIS
13 10 (0.52%) GlassFish
14 9 (0.47%) Documentum
15 7 (0.36%) Sitecore CMS
16 6 (0.31%) Mule
Applications
1 87 (4.50%) Microsoft Project
2 78 (4.03%) Microsoft Excel
3 70 (3.62%) MS Visio
4 58 (3.00%) Microsoft Office
5 44 (2.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 11 (0.57%) Spreadsheet
7 6 (0.31%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 4 (0.21%) Photoshop
9 3 (0.16%) OmniGraffle
10 2 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.10%) Snagit
11 1 (0.052%) InVision
11 1 (0.052%) Stata
Business Applications
1 60 (3.10%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (1.14%) SAP Hybris
3 8 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
3 8 (0.41%) Dynamics NAV
3 8 (0.41%) NetSuite
4 6 (0.31%) Oracle iRecruitment
4 6 (0.31%) SAP HR
5 5 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
5 5 (0.26%) Oracle ERP
6 4 (0.21%) Cognos TM1
6 4 (0.21%) iTrent
6 4 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.21%) TrackWise
7 3 (0.16%) Actimize
7 3 (0.16%) Infor LN
7 3 (0.16%) IntelliMatch
7 3 (0.16%) Lawson
7 3 (0.16%) Loan IQ
7 3 (0.16%) Oracle Financials
7 3 (0.16%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 69 (3.57%) Microsoft Azure
2 31 (1.60%) Amazon AWS
2 31 (1.60%) Office 365
3 26 (1.34%) SaaS
4 24 (1.24%) PaaS
5 18 (0.93%) IaaS
6 17 (0.88%) Veeva
7 12 (0.62%) Yammer
8 10 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
9 9 (0.47%) Dynamics 365
9 9 (0.47%) Google Cloud Platform
10 8 (0.41%) Trello
11 6 (0.31%) CloudSense
11 6 (0.31%) Oracle CX
11 6 (0.31%) Oracle Service Cloud
12 5 (0.26%) OpenShift
13 4 (0.21%) Amazon EC2
13 4 (0.21%) Route 53
13 4 (0.21%) SuccessFactors
14 3 (0.16%) Force.com
Communications & Networking
1 15 (0.78%) SSL
2 12 (0.62%) Internet
3 11 (0.57%) Skype
4 10 (0.52%) Firewall
4 10 (0.52%) HTTP
5 8 (0.41%) Intranet
6 7 (0.36%) WAN
7 6 (0.31%) FTP
7 6 (0.31%) IPsec
7 6 (0.31%) TCP/IP
7 6 (0.31%) Unified Communications
8 5 (0.26%) Network Security
8 5 (0.26%) SMS
9 4 (0.21%) DNS
10 3 (0.16%) HTTPS
10 3 (0.16%) IP Telephony
10 3 (0.16%) LAN
10 3 (0.16%) X.509
11 2 (0.10%) VLAN
11 2 (0.10%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 134 (6.93%) SQL Server
2 94 (4.86%) Data Warehouse
3 72 (3.72%) Relational Database
4 53 (2.74%) Big Data
5 48 (2.48%) Oracle Database
6 43 (2.22%) Hadoop
6 43 (2.22%) RDBMS
7 36 (1.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 33 (1.71%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 32 (1.65%) Oracle BI EE
10 31 (1.60%) MySQL
11 27 (1.40%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 24 (1.24%) NoSQL
13 23 (1.19%) DB2
13 23 (1.19%) MongoDB
14 17 (0.88%) MarkLogic
15 16 (0.83%) SQL Server 2012
16 11 (0.57%) DB2 UDB
17 10 (0.52%) OLAP
17 10 (0.52%) SQLPlus
Development Applications
1 250 (12.93%) JIRA
2 114 (5.89%) Git (software)
3 98 (5.07%) Jenkins
4 72 (3.72%) Team Foundation Server
5 60 (3.10%) Selenium
6 42 (2.17%) Cucumber
7 41 (2.12%) Subversion
8 35 (1.81%) JUnit
9 33 (1.71%) SoapUI
10 29 (1.50%) TeamCity
10 29 (1.50%) Vagrant
11 28 (1.45%) Maven
12 27 (1.40%) Visual Studio
13 23 (1.19%) Eclipse
13 23 (1.19%) Grunt
13 23 (1.19%) Mockito
13 23 (1.19%) Talend Open Studio
14 22 (1.14%) SpecFlow
15 21 (1.09%) HP UFT
16 15 (0.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 616 (31.85%) Finance
2 260 (13.44%) Banking
3 178 (9.20%) Retail
4 89 (4.60%) Telecoms
5 74 (3.83%) Investment Banking
6 71 (3.67%) Marketing
7 50 (2.59%) Law
8 38 (1.96%) Back Office
9 35 (1.81%) Retail Banking
10 31 (1.60%) Manufacturing
11 30 (1.55%) Legal
12 29 (1.50%) Front Office
12 29 (1.50%) Publishing
13 25 (1.29%) Advertising
13 25 (1.29%) Billing
14 24 (1.24%) Financial Institution
15 16 (0.83%) Electronics
15 16 (0.83%) Games
16 12 (0.62%) Automotive
16 12 (0.62%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 482 (24.92%) Analyst
2 360 (18.61%) Project Manager
3 344 (17.79%) Business Analyst
4 310 (16.03%) Developer
5 173 (8.95%) Architect
6 103 (5.33%) Java Developer
7 78 (4.03%) Solutions Architect
8 72 (3.72%) Test Analyst
8 72 (3.72%) Test Manager
9 71 (3.67%) Consultant
10 60 (3.10%) Senior Manager
11 52 (2.69%) Tester
12 49 (2.53%) Programme Manager
13 48 (2.48%) Delivery Manager
14 46 (2.38%) Senior Analyst
15 43 (2.22%) Senior Project Manager
16 42 (2.17%) Digital Analyst
16 42 (2.17%) Scrum Master
17 41 (2.12%) Digital Project Manager
18 40 (2.07%) IT Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 136 (7.03%) HTML
2 135 (6.98%) Spring
2 135 (6.98%) Web Services
3 108 (5.58%) .NET
4 105 (5.43%) CSS
5 99 (5.12%) SOAP
6 97 (5.02%) XML
7 81 (4.19%) REST
8 75 (3.88%) J2EE
9 68 (3.52%) jQuery
10 63 (3.26%) AngularJS
10 63 (3.26%) JSP
11 61 (3.15%) Hibernate
12 59 (3.05%) HTML5
13 53 (2.74%) JSON
14 45 (2.33%) Ajax
14 45 (2.33%) Spring MVC
15 43 (2.22%) Servlets
16 42 (2.17%) RESTful
16 42 (2.17%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 224 (11.58%) Analytical Skills
2 65 (3.36%) Management Information System
3 62 (3.21%) Virtual Team
4 57 (2.95%) User Experience
5 56 (2.90%) Data Centre
6 41 (2.12%) Computer Science
7 38 (1.96%) Mobile App
8 35 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
9 33 (1.71%) PMI
10 25 (1.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 18 (0.93%) Greenfield Project
12 17 (0.88%) Derivative
12 17 (0.88%) Fixed Income
13 16 (0.83%) SWIFT
14 15 (0.78%) Fintech
15 13 (0.67%) Equities
15 13 (0.67%) Minimum Viable Product
16 12 (0.62%) Client/Server
17 9 (0.47%) Hedge funds
17 9 (0.47%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 94 (4.86%) Windows
2 63 (3.26%) Linux
3 47 (2.43%) Unix
4 19 (0.98%) Apple iOS
4 19 (0.98%) Windows Server
5 17 (0.88%) Android
6 15 (0.78%) Windows 10
7 9 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
8 8 (0.41%) AIX
8 8 (0.41%) Mac OS X
9 4 (0.21%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
10 3 (0.16%) VMS
11 2 (0.10%) CentOS
11 2 (0.10%) Solaris
11 2 (0.10%) Windows 8
11 2 (0.10%) Windows Phone
11 2 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
11 2 (0.10%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 1810 (93.59%) Agile Software Development
2 409 (21.15%) Project Management
3 396 (20.48%) Scrum
4 301 (15.56%) Stakeholder Management
5 295 (15.25%) SDLC
6 245 (12.67%) Business Analysis
7 235 (12.15%) PRINCE2
8 173 (8.95%) Test Automation
9 166 (8.58%) TDD
10 152 (7.86%) CRM
11 151 (7.81%) Business Intelligence
12 150 (7.76%) DevOps
13 144 (7.45%) User Stories
14 137 (7.08%) User Acceptance Testing
15 124 (6.41%) Kanban
16 116 (6.00%) Continuous Integration
17 112 (5.79%) Risk Management
18 103 (5.33%) Data Modelling
19 102 (5.27%) ITIL
20 101 (5.22%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 339 (17.53%) SQL
2 251 (12.98%) Java
3 151 (7.81%) JavaScript
4 95 (4.91%) C#
5 69 (3.57%) Python
6 56 (2.90%) PL/SQL
7 49 (2.53%) Shell Script
8 40 (2.07%) C
9 38 (1.96%) C++
10 29 (1.50%) T-SQL
11 25 (1.29%) Scala
12 16 (0.83%) Perl
13 13 (0.67%) PowerShell
14 11 (0.57%) Groovy
15 10 (0.52%) VBA
16 9 (0.47%) Ruby
16 9 (0.47%) TypeScript
17 7 (0.36%) Bash Shell
18 6 (0.31%) Apple Swift
18 6 (0.31%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 157 (8.12%) Security Cleared
2 153 (7.91%) Degree
3 119 (6.15%) ISEB
4 106 (5.48%) SC Cleared
5 72 (3.72%) ISTQB
6 63 (3.26%) PMI Certification
7 53 (2.74%) PMP
8 35 (1.81%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
9 28 (1.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 26 (1.34%) CISM
11 25 (1.29%) CISSP
11 25 (1.29%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 23 (1.19%) BPSS Clearance
13 16 (0.83%) DV Cleared
14 13 (0.67%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 12 (0.62%) APMP
16 11 (0.57%) IIBA
17 10 (0.52%) CTC Cleared
18 8 (0.41%) ITIL Certification
19 7 (0.36%) CBAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 145 (7.50%) QA
2 57 (2.95%) PMO
3 44 (2.28%) GDPR
4 31 (1.60%) Data Quality
5 29 (1.50%) MiFID
6 22 (1.14%) PCI DSS
7 17 (0.88%) Disclosure Scotland
7 17 (0.88%) SLA
8 16 (0.83%) EMIR
9 14 (0.72%) NIST 800
10 13 (0.67%) WAI
11 12 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 8 (0.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 7 (0.36%) WCAG
14 6 (0.31%) COBIT
15 5 (0.26%) Dodd-Frank
16 3 (0.16%) FINREP
16 3 (0.16%) ISO 20022
16 3 (0.16%) PMBOK
16 3 (0.16%) SEPA
System Software
1 18 (0.93%) Docker
2 13 (0.67%) VMware ESXi
3 11 (0.57%) Active Directory
4 10 (0.52%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.21%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.21%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.052%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.052%) GlusterFS
7 1 (0.052%) HDFS
7 1 (0.052%) Microsoft App-V
7 1 (0.052%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 30 (1.55%) HP Quality Center
2 15 (0.78%) Puppet
3 14 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
4 10 (0.52%) HP SiteScope
4 10 (0.52%) OpenView
5 8 (0.41%) SCCM
6 5 (0.26%) Nagios
7 4 (0.21%) Ansible
8 3 (0.16%) Kubernetes
8 3 (0.16%) McAfee ePO
8 3 (0.16%) MOM
8 3 (0.16%) Rancher
8 3 (0.16%) Terraform
9 2 (0.10%) Nessus
9 2 (0.10%) SCOrch
9 2 (0.10%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
10 1 (0.052%) BladeLogic
10 1 (0.052%) CA Service Virtualization
10 1 (0.052%) Hadoop YARN
10 1 (0.052%) Opsview
Vendors
1 218 (11.27%) Microsoft
2 197 (10.19%) Oracle
3 108 (5.58%) SAP
4 68 (3.52%) HP
5 52 (2.69%) Salesforce.com
6 35 (1.81%) hybris
7 32 (1.65%) Adobe
7 32 (1.65%) Cloudera
8 30 (1.55%) IBM
9 26 (1.34%) Hortonworks
10 23 (1.19%) Talend
11 21 (1.09%) VMware
12 20 (1.03%) Google
13 19 (0.98%) Pega
14 16 (0.83%) Informatica
15 15 (0.78%) PeopleSoft
15 15 (0.78%) Siebel
16 12 (0.62%) ServiceNow
17 11 (0.57%) Citrix
18 10 (0.52%) Progress