Period
to 12 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 12 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
12 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 130 147 116
Rank change year-on-year +17 -31 +16
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 642 1,695 2,391
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.86% 1.87% 2.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.16% 2.15% 2.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 422 1,076 1,576
Median daily rate £475 £470 £466
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.06% +0.80% +3.61%
10th Percentile £350 £344 £327
90th Percentile £675 £638 £626
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 28 16
Median hourly rate £29.95 £66.00 £23.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -54.62% +183.87% -50.79%
10th Percentile £27.43 £35.00 £14.00
90th Percentile £32.48 £85.93 £46.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £66.00 £32.00
% change year-on-year - +106.25% -32.28%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 29,721 78,865 89,122
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.00% 86.80% 86.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,542 51,801 58,774
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,078 2,290 2,401
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £21.33
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.86% +14.89% -13.52%
10th Percentile £12.75 £11.80 £11.17
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £30.29 £24.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +26.20% +20.00% -20.00%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Waterfall.

Daily rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 12 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Waterfall.

Hourly rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 12 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +16 588 £475 +0.53% 103
UK excluding London +23 378 £450 - 77
London -4 249 £509 +1.75% 33
South East +45 123 £450 - 23
North of England +45 75 £434 -3.67% 20
South West +21 70 £525 +16.67% 15
North West +44 40 £444 -11.30% 7
Scotland +29 38 £445 -2.63% 4
Midlands -11 36 £425 +6.12% 7
Work from Home -1 33 £450 +5.88% 12
East of England +32 27 £475 +2.15% 5
Yorkshire +49 26 £405 -4.71% 2
West Midlands +39 26 £435 +3.26% 6
North East +32 9 £375 -6.83% 11
East Midlands -1 9 £418 +9.01% 1
Wales +23 6 £525 +10.53% 3
Northern Ireland +18 3 £451 +19.08%

For the 6 months to 12 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 612 (95.33%) Agile Software Development
2 181 (28.19%) Finance
3 159 (24.77%) Project Management
4 135 (21.03%) Scrum
5 117 (18.22%) Security Cleared
6 109 (16.98%) JIRA
6 109 (16.98%) Java
7 105 (16.36%) Stakeholder Management
8 102 (15.89%) AWS
8 102 (15.89%) SDLC
9 95 (14.80%) Azure
10 93 (14.49%) SQL
11 90 (14.02%) Project Delivery
12 89 (13.86%) DevOps
13 84 (13.08%) Microsoft
14 81 (12.62%) SC Cleared
15 80 (12.46%) Confluence
16 79 (12.31%) Migration
16 79 (12.31%) Test Automation
17 73 (11.37%) PRINCE2
17 73 (11.37%) Problem-Solving
18 65 (10.12%) Business Analysis
18 65 (10.12%) Analytical Skills
19 61 (9.50%) JavaScript
20 60 (9.35%) Public Sector
21 59 (9.19%) Degree
22 55 (8.57%) Oracle
22 55 (8.57%) Business Intelligence
23 51 (7.94%) SQL Server
23 51 (7.94%) Continuous Integration

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (12.46%) Confluence
2 30 (4.67%) SharePoint
3 15 (2.34%) WebLogic
4 14 (2.18%) JBoss
5 12 (1.87%) IIS
6 11 (1.71%) CMS
7 10 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
8 9 (1.40%) MQSeries
8 9 (1.40%) Red Hat Fuse
9 7 (1.09%) WebSphere
10 5 (0.78%) Jetty
10 5 (0.78%) Oracle Self-Service HR
10 5 (0.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 5 (0.78%) Oracle Workflow
10 5 (0.78%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.62%) BizTalk Server
12 3 (0.47%) SAS
12 3 (0.47%) Skype for Business
13 2 (0.31%) Apache Spark
13 2 (0.31%) Appian
Applications
1 43 (6.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (6.23%) Microsoft Office
3 36 (5.61%) Microsoft Project
4 23 (3.58%) MS Visio
5 18 (2.80%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.78%) Sketch
7 2 (0.31%) InVision
8 1 (0.16%) Camtasia
Business Applications
1 13 (2.02%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.93%) SAP HCM
2 6 (0.93%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 5 (0.78%) Siebel CRM
4 3 (0.47%) Magento
5 2 (0.31%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.16%) Maximo
6 1 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.16%) PeopleSoft HRMS
6 1 (0.16%) SAP BPC
6 1 (0.16%) SAP EWM
6 1 (0.16%) SAP HR
6 1 (0.16%) SAP IS-U
6 1 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.16%) SAP SCM
6 1 (0.16%) SimCorp Dimension
6 1 (0.16%) Summit
6 1 (0.16%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 102 (15.89%) AWS
2 95 (14.80%) Azure
3 26 (4.05%) Power Platform
4 22 (3.43%) SaaS
5 17 (2.65%) GitHub
5 17 (2.65%) PaaS
6 16 (2.49%) IaaS
7 12 (1.87%) Azure Data Factory
8 10 (1.56%) GCP
9 8 (1.25%) Logic Apps
9 8 (1.25%) Trello
10 7 (1.09%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
10 7 (1.09%) SuccessFactors
11 6 (0.93%) OneDrive
11 6 (0.93%) Salesforce Service Cloud
12 5 (0.78%) Azure Active Directory
12 5 (0.78%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (0.78%) Office 365
13 4 (0.62%) Adobe Analytics
13 4 (0.62%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 13 (2.02%) Skype
2 11 (1.71%) HTTP
3 10 (1.56%) Firewall
3 10 (1.56%) Internet
4 7 (1.09%) DNS
4 7 (1.09%) FTP
5 6 (0.93%) SSH
5 6 (0.93%) WAN
6 5 (0.78%) DHCP
6 5 (0.78%) Intranet
7 4 (0.62%) VPN
8 3 (0.47%) BIG-IP
8 3 (0.47%) IPsec
8 3 (0.47%) NetScaler
8 3 (0.47%) Network Security
8 3 (0.47%) SAN
8 3 (0.47%) Wi-Fi
9 2 (0.31%) ADSL
9 2 (0.31%) LAN
9 2 (0.31%) PPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (7.94%) SQL Server
2 25 (3.89%) Power BI
3 21 (3.27%) Data Warehouse
4 19 (2.96%) Data Mining
5 14 (2.18%) MongoDB
6 13 (2.02%) PostgreSQL
6 13 (2.02%) Relational Database
7 12 (1.87%) Big Data
8 11 (1.71%) MySQL
8 11 (1.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 10 (1.56%) Azure SQL Database
9 10 (1.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 9 (1.40%) BusinessObjects
10 9 (1.40%) Hadoop
10 9 (1.40%) NoSQL
11 7 (1.09%) DataStage
11 7 (1.09%) Oracle Database
12 6 (0.93%) DB2
12 6 (0.93%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
12 6 (0.93%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 109 (16.98%) JIRA
2 31 (4.83%) Git (software)
3 29 (4.52%) Selenium
4 25 (3.89%) Cucumber
5 23 (3.58%) JMeter
6 20 (3.12%) Eclipse
6 20 (3.12%) Jenkins
7 18 (2.80%) JUnit
8 16 (2.49%) eggPlant
9 15 (2.34%) Team Foundation Server
10 13 (2.02%) Maven
11 12 (1.87%) Android Studio
12 11 (1.71%) LoadUI
12 11 (1.71%) NeoLoad
13 9 (1.40%) Ant
13 9 (1.40%) git-flow
13 9 (1.40%) SoapUI
14 8 (1.25%) HP UFT
14 8 (1.25%) Postman
14 8 (1.25%) SpecFlow
General
1 181 (28.19%) Finance
2 60 (9.35%) Public Sector
3 49 (7.63%) Banking
4 18 (2.80%) Retail
5 17 (2.65%) Telecoms
6 16 (2.49%) Marketing
7 12 (1.87%) Legal
8 8 (1.25%) Manufacturing
9 7 (1.09%) Investment Banking
10 6 (0.93%) Automotive
10 6 (0.93%) Pharmaceutical
11 5 (0.78%) Electronics
11 5 (0.78%) Games
11 5 (0.78%) Law
11 5 (0.78%) Local Government
12 4 (0.62%) Police
12 4 (0.62%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.47%) Back Office
13 3 (0.47%) Billing
14 2 (0.31%) French Language
Job Titles
1 135 (21.03%) Project Manager
2 109 (16.98%) Analyst
3 80 (12.46%) Developer
4 68 (10.59%) Architect
5 67 (10.44%) Business Analyst
6 33 (5.14%) IT Manager
7 31 (4.83%) Delivery Manager
8 29 (4.52%) IT Project Manager
9 25 (3.89%) Solutions Architect
10 18 (2.80%) Consultant
11 16 (2.49%) Lead Developer
11 16 (2.49%) Programme Manager
12 14 (2.18%) Digital Project Manager
12 14 (2.18%) Java Developer
12 14 (2.18%) Test Analyst
12 14 (2.18%) Test Engineer
12 14 (2.18%) Test Manager
13 13 (2.02%) Technical Analyst
14 12 (1.87%) Technical Manager
14 12 (1.87%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (6.85%) Web Services
2 42 (6.54%) XML
3 36 (5.61%) HTML
4 35 (5.45%) .NET
4 35 (5.45%) REST
5 30 (4.67%) CSS
6 29 (4.52%) JSON
7 28 (4.36%) SOAP
8 24 (3.74%) RESTful
9 18 (2.80%) Spring
10 17 (2.65%) AngularJS
10 17 (2.65%) HTML5
11 16 (2.49%) Hibernate
11 16 (2.49%) jQuery
12 15 (2.34%) Middleware
13 12 (1.87%) Android SDK
13 12 (1.87%) XSLT
14 11 (1.71%) ASP.NET
14 11 (1.71%) Elastic Stack
15 10 (1.56%) ActiveMQ
Miscellaneous
1 65 (10.12%) Analytical Skills
2 32 (4.98%) User Experience
3 27 (4.21%) Management Information System
4 22 (3.43%) Data Centre
4 22 (3.43%) Mobile App
5 21 (3.27%) Self-Motivation
6 18 (2.80%) Virtual Team
7 16 (2.49%) Public Cloud
8 11 (1.71%) Mobile Payment
9 9 (1.40%) Linux Command Line
9 9 (1.40%) NHS
10 8 (1.25%) PKI
11 7 (1.09%) Enterprise Software
12 6 (0.93%) Mainframe
12 6 (0.93%) W3C
13 5 (0.78%) Derivative
14 4 (0.62%) Algorithms
14 4 (0.62%) Cloud Native
14 4 (0.62%) Data Structures
14 4 (0.62%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 49 (7.63%) Windows
2 47 (7.32%) Linux
3 43 (6.70%) Unix
4 21 (3.27%) Android
5 13 (2.02%) Apple iOS
6 10 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (1.40%) CentOS
8 7 (1.09%) Mac OS
9 6 (0.93%) Mac OS X
9 6 (0.93%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.78%) Debian
11 2 (0.31%) AIX
11 2 (0.31%) Solaris
11 2 (0.31%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.16%) HPUX
12 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
12 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
12 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2019
12 1 (0.16%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 612 (95.33%) Agile Software Development
2 159 (24.77%) Project Management
3 135 (21.03%) Scrum
4 105 (16.36%) Stakeholder Management
5 102 (15.89%) SDLC
6 90 (14.02%) Project Delivery
7 89 (13.86%) DevOps
8 79 (12.31%) Migration
8 79 (12.31%) Test Automation
9 73 (11.37%) PRINCE2
9 73 (11.37%) Problem-Solving
10 65 (10.12%) Business Analysis
11 55 (8.57%) Business Intelligence
12 51 (7.94%) Continuous Integration
13 49 (7.63%) Kanban
14 46 (7.17%) Change Management
14 46 (7.17%) Service Delivery
14 46 (7.17%) User Stories
15 45 (7.01%) ITIL
16 44 (6.85%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 109 (16.98%) Java
2 93 (14.49%) SQL
3 61 (9.50%) JavaScript
4 48 (7.48%) Python
5 41 (6.39%) C#
6 29 (4.52%) C
7 21 (3.27%) T-SQL
8 19 (2.96%) PowerShell
9 14 (2.18%) C++
10 13 (2.02%) PL/SQL
10 13 (2.02%) R
11 12 (1.87%) Shell Script
12 11 (1.71%) Perl
13 10 (1.56%) Bash Shell
14 9 (1.40%) Java 8
14 9 (1.40%) Kotlin
14 9 (1.40%) Ruby
14 9 (1.40%) Scala
15 8 (1.25%) ABAP
15 8 (1.25%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 117 (18.22%) Security Cleared
2 81 (12.62%) SC Cleared
3 59 (9.19%) Degree
4 29 (4.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 26 (4.05%) DV Cleared
6 24 (3.74%) ISTQB
7 15 (2.34%) ISEB
8 14 (2.18%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 7 (1.09%) BPSS Clearance
9 7 (1.09%) PMI Certification
9 7 (1.09%) PMP
10 6 (0.93%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 5 (0.78%) APMP
11 5 (0.78%) ITIL Certification
12 4 (0.62%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.62%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 3 (0.47%) CCNA
14 2 (0.31%) AWS Certification
14 2 (0.31%) IIBA
14 2 (0.31%) IISP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (7.32%) QA
2 26 (4.05%) PMO
3 15 (2.34%) SLA
4 14 (2.18%) GDPR
5 8 (1.25%) Data Quality
6 6 (0.93%) P3O
7 4 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.62%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.47%) GxP
8 3 (0.47%) NIST
9 2 (0.31%) IFRS
9 2 (0.31%) ISAE 3402
9 2 (0.31%) ISO 22301
9 2 (0.31%) ISO 31000
9 2 (0.31%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 2 (0.31%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.31%) Solvency II
9 2 (0.31%) WCAG
10 1 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 13 (2.02%) Docker
2 7 (1.09%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.93%) NFS
4 5 (0.78%) vSphere
5 3 (0.47%) VMware ESXi
5 3 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.31%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.16%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.16%) HDFS
7 1 (0.16%) SRDF
Systems Management
1 15 (2.34%) Kubernetes
2 11 (1.71%) SCOM
2 11 (1.71%) ZABBIX
3 7 (1.09%) HP Quality Center
4 6 (0.93%) HP ALM
5 5 (0.78%) Puppet
5 5 (0.78%) Salt
5 5 (0.78%) Single Sign-On
6 4 (0.62%) Oracle Identity Manager
6 4 (0.62%) Terraform
7 3 (0.47%) Ansible
7 3 (0.47%) CA Single Sign-On
7 3 (0.47%) Nessus
8 2 (0.31%) IBM Guardium
8 2 (0.31%) SCCM
8 2 (0.31%) Trend Micro Deep Security
9 1 (0.16%) Control-M
9 1 (0.16%) EMC TimeFinder
9 1 (0.16%) Oozie
9 1 (0.16%) vRealize
Vendors
1 84 (13.08%) Microsoft
2 55 (8.57%) Oracle
3 35 (5.45%) SAP
4 25 (3.89%) Atlassian
5 19 (2.96%) Google
5 19 (2.96%) MuleSoft
6 17 (2.65%) IBM
7 16 (2.49%) Salesforce.com
7 16 (2.49%) Splunk
8 14 (2.18%) Red Hat
8 14 (2.18%) ServiceNow
9 13 (2.02%) New Relic
10 12 (1.87%) SolarWinds
11 11 (1.71%) AppDynamics
11 11 (1.71%) Dynatrace
12 10 (1.56%) Databricks
12 10 (1.56%) Informatica
13 9 (1.40%) Axway
13 9 (1.40%) Sybase
14 7 (1.09%) Adobe