Period
to 7 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 7 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
7 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 151 118 124
Rank change year-on-year -33 +6 -4
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 1,445 2,312 2,142
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.80% 2.21% 2.07%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.10% 2.54% 2.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 881 1,448 1,555
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £340 £335 £313
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +0.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 23 14
UK median hourly rate £66.00 £35.00 £37.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +88.57% -6.04% +3.07%
10th Percentile £35.00 £16.78 £30.75
90th Percentile £86.15 £47.00 £73.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £66.00 £35.00 £35.50
% change year-on-year +88.57% -1.41% -1.58%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 68,803 91,150 89,103
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.71% 87.05% 86.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,990 60,377 59,401
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £288 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £433 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +1.76% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,251 2,344 2,120
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £22.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.82% -4.35% +2.22%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.18 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.28 £50.25 £49.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £21.00 £23.50
% change year-on-year +7.14% -10.64% +4.44%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 7 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -22 1,331 £475 - 287
UK excluding London -28 869 £450 - 240
London -9 559 £500 - 64
South East +18 307 £450 -5.26% 59
South West +4 143 £450 +5.88% 39
North of England -34 143 £450 +3.75% 65
Midlands -43 108 £455 +1.11% 40
North West +6 86 £463 +12.46% 24
Scotland -13 79 £425 -5.56% 7
West Midlands -27 78 £455 +1.11% 26
East of England -8 68 £474 +5.28% 23
Yorkshire -28 46 £425 -1.45% 30
East Midlands -26 29 £406 -6.61% 13
Wales +13 19 £443 -3.01% 9
North East +2 12 £375 -21.88% 11
Northern Ireland -12 3 £431 +4.61% 1

For the 6 months to 7 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 1,372 (94.95%) Agile Software Development
2 354 (24.50%) Project Management
3 343 (23.74%) Finance
4 257 (17.79%) Stakeholder Management
5 230 (15.92%) JIRA
6 225 (15.57%) Scrum
7 204 (14.12%) Microsoft
8 196 (13.56%) Azure
9 189 (13.08%) SDLC
10 186 (12.87%) Security Cleared
11 183 (12.66%) Project Delivery
12 173 (11.97%) SQL
13 165 (11.42%) PRINCE2
14 164 (11.35%) Test Automation
15 152 (10.52%) DevOps
16 151 (10.45%) Java
17 147 (10.17%) SC Cleared
18 145 (10.03%) Analytical Skills
19 140 (9.69%) Windows
20 139 (9.62%) ITIL
21 136 (9.41%) JavaScript
22 132 (9.13%) Public Sector
23 129 (8.93%) Confluence
24 124 (8.58%) Problem-Solving
25 123 (8.51%) SAP
26 121 (8.37%) Business Analysis
27 119 (8.24%) User Acceptance Testing
27 119 (8.24%) .NET
28 117 (8.10%) Oracle
28 117 (8.10%) AWS

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 129 (8.93%) Confluence
2 76 (5.26%) SharePoint
3 34 (2.35%) JBoss
4 28 (1.94%) WebLogic
5 26 (1.80%) IIS
6 23 (1.59%) WebSphere
7 18 (1.25%) MQSeries
8 14 (0.97%) SAP Portal
9 13 (0.90%) Apache
9 13 (0.90%) Tomcat
10 11 (0.76%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 11 (0.76%) CMS
11 5 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
11 5 (0.35%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 4 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
12 4 (0.28%) SAS
13 3 (0.21%) Apache Solr
13 3 (0.21%) ColdFusion
13 3 (0.21%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 99 (6.85%) Microsoft Office
2 76 (5.26%) Microsoft Project
3 75 (5.19%) Microsoft Excel
4 48 (3.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 43 (2.98%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.14%) Adobe Premiere
6 2 (0.14%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.069%) Acrobat
7 1 (0.069%) Figma
7 1 (0.069%) InVision
7 1 (0.069%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.069%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 39 (2.70%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (1.18%) SAP Hybris
3 11 (0.76%) SAP HCM
4 9 (0.62%) SAP ERP
4 9 (0.62%) SAP S/4HANA
5 8 (0.55%) Oracle ERP
5 8 (0.55%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 8 (0.55%) SAP PSCD
5 8 (0.55%) Temenos T24
6 7 (0.48%) Dynamics AX
7 6 (0.42%) Oracle EBS
7 6 (0.42%) SAP CRM
7 6 (0.42%) SAP IBP
7 6 (0.42%) SAP MII
7 6 (0.42%) SAP PP
8 5 (0.35%) Oracle Cash Management
8 5 (0.35%) Oracle EBS R12
9 4 (0.28%) Dynamics NAV
9 4 (0.28%) SimCorp Dimension
9 4 (0.28%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 196 (13.56%) Azure
2 117 (8.10%) AWS
3 57 (3.94%) SaaS
4 45 (3.11%) PaaS
5 44 (3.04%) IaaS
5 44 (3.04%) Power Platform
6 37 (2.56%) Dynamics 365
6 37 (2.56%) Office 365
7 24 (1.66%) GitHub
8 18 (1.25%) Salesforce Service Cloud
9 17 (1.18%) Trello
10 13 (0.90%) GCP
10 13 (0.90%) OpenShift
11 12 (0.83%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
12 11 (0.76%) Azure Active Directory
12 11 (0.76%) SuccessFactors
13 10 (0.69%) Google Analytics
14 9 (0.62%) Datadog
15 8 (0.55%) Apigee
15 8 (0.55%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 35 (2.42%) Firewall
2 28 (1.94%) Internet
3 15 (1.04%) Network Security
4 13 (0.90%) WAN
5 10 (0.69%) Wi-Fi
6 9 (0.62%) Intranet
6 9 (0.62%) VPN
7 7 (0.48%) DNS
8 6 (0.42%) ATM
8 6 (0.42%) MPLS
9 5 (0.35%) Extranet
9 5 (0.35%) HTTP
9 5 (0.35%) Wireless
10 4 (0.28%) BIG-IP
10 4 (0.28%) LAN
11 3 (0.21%) Broadband
11 3 (0.21%) DHCP
11 3 (0.21%) DMZ
11 3 (0.21%) SSL
11 3 (0.21%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 103 (7.13%) SQL Server
2 43 (2.98%) Power BI
3 41 (2.84%) Data Warehouse
4 27 (1.87%) Relational Database
5 22 (1.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 21 (1.45%) PostgreSQL
7 18 (1.25%) Big Data
8 17 (1.18%) NoSQL
8 17 (1.18%) Oracle Database
8 17 (1.18%) RDBMS
9 16 (1.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 15 (1.04%) Data Lake
10 15 (1.04%) Oracle Reports
11 13 (0.90%) BusinessObjects
12 10 (0.69%) QlikView
13 9 (0.62%) MySQL
13 9 (0.62%) Neo4j
14 8 (0.55%) DB2
14 8 (0.55%) Hadoop
15 6 (0.42%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 230 (15.92%) JIRA
2 59 (4.08%) Selenium
3 36 (2.49%) Jenkins
4 32 (2.21%) Git (software)
5 30 (2.08%) Cucumber
6 27 (1.87%) Team Foundation Server
7 23 (1.59%) Postman
8 22 (1.52%) Visual Studio
9 20 (1.38%) Zephyr
10 18 (1.25%) NUnit
11 17 (1.18%) SoapUI
12 15 (1.04%) TeamCity
12 15 (1.04%) WebDriver
13 13 (0.90%) JMeter
13 13 (0.90%) JUnit
13 13 (0.90%) Maven
13 13 (0.90%) Visual Studio Team System
14 10 (0.69%) Jasmine
14 10 (0.69%) Subversion
15 9 (0.62%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 343 (23.74%) Finance
2 132 (9.13%) Public Sector
3 82 (5.67%) Retail
4 80 (5.54%) Banking
5 49 (3.39%) Marketing
6 41 (2.84%) Telecoms
7 25 (1.73%) Back Office
8 24 (1.66%) Manufacturing
9 20 (1.38%) Legal
10 18 (1.25%) Retail Banking
11 13 (0.90%) Local Government
12 12 (0.83%) Investment Banking
12 12 (0.83%) Law
13 11 (0.76%) Games
14 10 (0.69%) Front Office
15 8 (0.55%) Billing
16 6 (0.42%) Advertising
16 6 (0.42%) Electronics
16 6 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
16 6 (0.42%) Police
Job Titles
1 296 (20.48%) Analyst
2 277 (19.17%) Project Manager
3 216 (14.95%) Business Analyst
4 160 (11.07%) Architect
4 160 (11.07%) Developer
5 64 (4.43%) IT Manager
6 52 (3.60%) Consultant
7 49 (3.39%) IT Project Manager
8 47 (3.25%) Test Analyst
9 41 (2.84%) Test Manager
10 40 (2.77%) Programme Manager
11 38 (2.63%) Solutions Architect
12 33 (2.28%) Delivery Manager
13 30 (2.08%) Senior Manager
14 27 (1.87%) Test Leader
15 26 (1.80%) Scrum Master
15 26 (1.80%) Test Engineer
16 25 (1.73%) Product Manager
17 24 (1.66%) Integration Manager
18 23 (1.59%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 119 (8.24%) .NET
2 82 (5.67%) XML
3 74 (5.12%) HTML
4 71 (4.91%) Web Services
5 69 (4.78%) JSON
6 63 (4.36%) REST
7 59 (4.08%) CSS
8 53 (3.67%) AngularJS
9 45 (3.11%) SOAP
10 42 (2.91%) Middleware
11 41 (2.84%) Node.js
12 32 (2.21%) jQuery
13 28 (1.94%) ASP.NET
13 28 (1.94%) Spring
14 25 (1.73%) Hibernate
14 25 (1.73%) J2EE
14 25 (1.73%) RabbitMQ
15 23 (1.59%) ActiveMQ
15 23 (1.59%) Apache Camel
16 21 (1.45%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 145 (10.03%) Analytical Skills
2 64 (4.43%) User Experience
3 54 (3.74%) Self-Motivation
4 51 (3.53%) Management Information System
4 51 (3.53%) Virtual Team
5 46 (3.18%) Data Centre
6 33 (2.28%) Enterprise Software
7 31 (2.15%) Mobile App
8 22 (1.52%) Greenfield Project
9 17 (1.18%) Public Cloud
10 13 (0.90%) FMCG
10 13 (0.90%) PMI
11 11 (0.76%) Robotics
12 10 (0.69%) Cloud Native
12 10 (0.69%) Enterprise Cloud
12 10 (0.69%) EPoS
13 9 (0.62%) Derivative
14 8 (0.55%) Client/Server
15 7 (0.48%) CMDB
15 7 (0.48%) Driving Licence
Operating Systems
1 140 (9.69%) Windows
2 78 (5.40%) Linux
3 48 (3.32%) Unix
4 18 (1.25%) Windows 7
5 17 (1.18%) Windows 10
6 14 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (0.97%) Windows Server
7 13 (0.90%) CentOS
8 11 (0.76%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
10 6 (0.42%) OpenVMS
10 6 (0.42%) Solaris
11 5 (0.35%) Android
11 5 (0.35%) Mac OS X
12 3 (0.21%) Apple iOS
13 2 (0.14%) Debian
13 2 (0.14%) HPUX
13 2 (0.14%) Windows 8
14 1 (0.069%) Android TV
14 1 (0.069%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,372 (94.95%) Agile Software Development
2 354 (24.50%) Project Management
3 257 (17.79%) Stakeholder Management
4 225 (15.57%) Scrum
5 189 (13.08%) SDLC
6 183 (12.66%) Project Delivery
7 165 (11.42%) PRINCE2
8 164 (11.35%) Test Automation
9 152 (10.52%) DevOps
10 139 (9.62%) ITIL
11 124 (8.58%) Problem-Solving
12 121 (8.37%) Business Analysis
13 119 (8.24%) User Acceptance Testing
14 114 (7.89%) CRM
15 110 (7.61%) User Stories
16 101 (6.99%) Change Management
17 100 (6.92%) Workshop Facilitation
18 92 (6.37%) Business Intelligence
18 92 (6.37%) Data Modelling
18 92 (6.37%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 173 (11.97%) SQL
2 151 (10.45%) Java
3 136 (9.41%) JavaScript
4 88 (6.09%) C#
5 52 (3.60%) C
5 52 (3.60%) T-SQL
6 46 (3.18%) Python
7 41 (2.84%) PL/SQL
8 39 (2.70%) C++
9 32 (2.21%) Bash Shell
10 29 (2.01%) PowerShell
11 18 (1.25%) Korn
12 15 (1.04%) ABAP
13 13 (0.90%) Perl
14 11 (0.76%) VB.NET
15 10 (0.69%) PHP
16 9 (0.62%) Shell Script
17 7 (0.48%) TypeScript
18 6 (0.42%) Go
18 6 (0.42%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 186 (12.87%) Security Cleared
2 147 (10.17%) SC Cleared
3 99 (6.85%) Degree
4 65 (4.50%) ISEB
5 47 (3.25%) ISTQB
6 38 (2.63%) PMI Certification
7 35 (2.42%) PMP
8 30 (2.08%) DV Cleared
9 20 (1.38%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 19 (1.31%) BPSS Clearance
11 17 (1.18%) ACCA
11 17 (1.18%) CIMA
12 12 (0.83%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 10 (0.69%) Computer Science Degree
14 8 (0.55%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 7 (0.48%) IIBA
16 6 (0.42%) HNC
16 6 (0.42%) HND
16 6 (0.42%) ITIL Certification
16 6 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 113 (7.82%) QA
2 55 (3.81%) PMO
3 31 (2.15%) GDPR
4 24 (1.66%) COBIT
5 22 (1.52%) SLA
6 12 (0.83%) IFRS
6 12 (0.83%) NIST
7 11 (0.76%) Data Quality
7 11 (0.76%) Solvency II
8 10 (0.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 6 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 5 (0.35%) MiFID
11 4 (0.28%) PCI DSS
11 4 (0.28%) WCAG
12 3 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
12 3 (0.21%) PSD2
12 3 (0.21%) SEPA
12 3 (0.21%) WAI
13 2 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
13 2 (0.14%) EMIR
System Software
1 32 (2.21%) Docker
2 31 (2.15%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.42%) NFS
5 3 (0.21%) Virtual Desktop
5 3 (0.21%) XenDesktop
6 2 (0.14%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.069%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 1 (0.069%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.069%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.069%) Xen
Systems Management
1 24 (1.66%) Ansible
2 22 (1.52%) Kubernetes
3 19 (1.31%) Terraform
4 13 (0.90%) Puppet
5 12 (0.83%) HP ALM
6 11 (0.76%) SCCM
7 10 (0.69%) HP Quality Center
8 9 (0.62%) SCOM
9 8 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
10 5 (0.35%) Nagios
11 4 (0.28%) Opscode Chef
11 4 (0.28%) Salt
12 2 (0.14%) CA Single Sign-On
12 2 (0.14%) Consul
12 2 (0.14%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 2 (0.14%) RSA Archer
13 1 (0.069%) Host Intrusion Detection System
13 1 (0.069%) Network Intrusion Detection System
13 1 (0.069%) vCenter Server
13 1 (0.069%) vRealize
Vendors
1 204 (14.12%) Microsoft
2 123 (8.51%) SAP
3 117 (8.10%) Oracle
4 69 (4.78%) Salesforce.com
5 43 (2.98%) Google
6 37 (2.56%) Adobe
7 32 (2.21%) MuleSoft
8 31 (2.15%) Tableau
9 28 (1.94%) Red Hat
10 23 (1.59%) Sybase
11 20 (1.38%) IBM
12 19 (1.31%) Atlassian
13 18 (1.25%) Axway
13 18 (1.25%) hybris
14 16 (1.11%) VMware
15 15 (1.04%) HP
16 12 (0.83%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
16 12 (0.83%) ServiceNow
16 12 (0.83%) webMethods
17 9 (0.62%) Alteryx