Period
to 17 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 17 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 123 107 112
Rank change year-on-year -16 +5 +56
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 2021 2337 2302
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.04% 2.19% 2.03%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.41% 2.61% 2.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 1455 1678 1560
UK median daily rate £438 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.78% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £313 £313 £300
90th Percentile £588 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £413
% change year-on-year - +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 5 8
UK median hourly rate £41.25 £39.50 £24.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.43% +59.60% -43.43%
10th Percentile £33.13 £36.06 £17.85
90th Percentile £67.00 £77.50 £43.68
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.75 £37.82 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.46% -5.45% -30.43%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83883 89445 92288
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.51% 83.87% 81.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 55638 59202 59805
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +1.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1990 2331 2670
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £24.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% +12.82%
10th Percentile £11.53 £11.30 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £47.85
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +12.50%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 17 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 17 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -16 1849 £450 - 278
UK excluding London -6 1141 £425 - 163
London -20 859 £475 - 124
South East -8 372 £438 +4.17% 35
North of England +52 269 £425 -5.56% 57
Midlands -32 163 £403 -5.29% 29
North West +10 122 £450 - 35
Yorkshire +37 120 £425 +3.03% 17
West Midlands -20 116 £388 -7.19% 23
East of England -22 106 £425 +2.41% 18
Scotland +36 91 £415 +3.88% 8
South West -19 80 £380 -5.00% 15
East Midlands -42 46 £425 +6.12% 6
Northern Ireland -23 34 £420 +68.00%
North East +39 28 £444 -6.58% 5
Wales +1 26 £350 -6.67% 1
Isle of Man - 4 £225 -
Channel Islands - 1 £500 -

For the 6 months to 17 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 1889 (93.47%) Agile Software Development
2 656 (32.46%) Finance
3 466 (23.06%) Project Management
4 362 (17.91%) Stakeholder Management
5 345 (17.07%) Scrum
6 293 (14.50%) SDLC
7 292 (14.45%) SQL
8 273 (13.51%) Business Analysis
9 262 (12.96%) Java
10 258 (12.77%) JIRA
11 254 (12.57%) PRINCE2
12 241 (11.92%) Banking
13 217 (10.74%) Microsoft
14 203 (10.04%) Analytical Skills
15 197 (9.75%) Test Automation
16 192 (9.50%) Oracle
17 177 (8.76%) TDD
18 175 (8.66%) Retail
19 174 (8.61%) QA
20 172 (8.51%) Degree
20 172 (8.51%) User Acceptance Testing
21 165 (8.16%) JavaScript
22 160 (7.92%) CRM
23 145 (7.17%) User Stories
24 144 (7.13%) Web Services
24 144 (7.13%) Security Cleared
25 135 (6.68%) ISEB
26 131 (6.48%) HTML
26 131 (6.48%) SQL Server
27 130 (6.43%) Spring

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 99 (4.90%) Confluence
2 62 (3.07%) SharePoint
3 51 (2.52%) WebSphere
4 46 (2.28%) CMS
5 28 (1.39%) JBoss
6 24 (1.19%) Apache
7 23 (1.14%) WebLogic
8 20 (0.99%) Apache Solr
9 18 (0.89%) IIS
10 16 (0.79%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 16 (0.79%) BizTalk Server
11 15 (0.74%) SAS
12 13 (0.64%) Apache Spark
12 13 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 13 (0.64%) Skype for Business
13 12 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
14 11 (0.54%) Documentum
15 9 (0.45%) MS Project Server
16 6 (0.30%) Mule
16 6 (0.30%) Tomcat
Applications
1 90 (4.45%) Microsoft Project
2 82 (4.06%) Microsoft Excel
3 73 (3.61%) Microsoft Office
3 73 (3.61%) MS Visio
4 43 (2.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 9 (0.45%) Spreadsheet
6 6 (0.30%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 5 (0.25%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.15%) OmniGraffle
9 2 (0.099%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.099%) Snagit
10 1 (0.049%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 48 (2.38%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.84%) SAP Hybris
3 9 (0.45%) Dynamics AX
4 7 (0.35%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 6 (0.30%) Dynamics NAV
5 6 (0.30%) NetSuite
5 6 (0.30%) Oracle Financials
6 5 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
6 5 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
7 4 (0.20%) Oracle Retail
7 4 (0.20%) PeopleSoft Financials
7 4 (0.20%) TrackWise
8 3 (0.15%) Cognos TM1
8 3 (0.15%) Infor LN
8 3 (0.15%) iTrent
8 3 (0.15%) SAP HR
9 2 (0.099%) Actimize
9 2 (0.099%) Dynamics GP
9 2 (0.099%) Infor SunSystems
9 2 (0.099%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 75 (3.71%) Microsoft Azure
2 38 (1.88%) Office 365
3 33 (1.63%) SaaS
4 29 (1.43%) Amazon AWS
5 26 (1.29%) PaaS
6 20 (0.99%) IaaS
7 19 (0.94%) Veeva
8 10 (0.49%) OpenShift
9 9 (0.45%) Cloud Computing
9 9 (0.45%) Dynamics 365
9 9 (0.45%) Google Cloud Platform
9 9 (0.45%) Trello
10 7 (0.35%) Yammer
11 6 (0.30%) Force.com
11 6 (0.30%) npm
11 6 (0.30%) Salesforce Service Cloud
12 4 (0.20%) Amazon EC2
12 4 (0.20%) CloudSense
12 4 (0.20%) Route 53
13 3 (0.15%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 22 (1.09%) SMS
2 15 (0.74%) FTP
2 15 (0.74%) Internet
3 11 (0.54%) Firewall
3 11 (0.54%) Intranet
4 9 (0.45%) HTTP
4 9 (0.45%) Skype
5 7 (0.35%) TCP/IP
6 5 (0.25%) Unified Communications
7 4 (0.20%) HTTPS
8 3 (0.15%) DNS
8 3 (0.15%) iBeacon
8 3 (0.15%) SSL
8 3 (0.15%) VLAN
8 3 (0.15%) Wi-Fi
9 2 (0.099%) DMZ
9 2 (0.099%) DOCSIS
9 2 (0.099%) Network Security
9 2 (0.099%) Reverse Proxy
9 2 (0.099%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 131 (6.48%) SQL Server
2 92 (4.55%) Relational Database
3 79 (3.91%) Data Warehouse
4 64 (3.17%) RDBMS
5 43 (2.13%) Oracle Database
6 42 (2.08%) DB2
7 31 (1.53%) Big Data
8 30 (1.48%) MySQL
9 28 (1.39%) Oracle BI EE
9 28 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 27 (1.34%) DB2 UDB
11 22 (1.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 21 (1.04%) NoSQL
13 20 (0.99%) Hadoop
13 20 (0.99%) MarkLogic
14 18 (0.89%) MongoDB
15 17 (0.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 15 (0.74%) SQL Server 2012
16 15 (0.74%) SQLPlus
17 13 (0.64%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 258 (12.77%) JIRA
2 91 (4.50%) Git (software)
3 90 (4.45%) Jenkins
4 69 (3.41%) Team Foundation Server
5 65 (3.22%) Cucumber
6 64 (3.17%) Selenium
7 57 (2.82%) JUnit
8 47 (2.33%) Eclipse
9 45 (2.23%) Subversion
10 43 (2.13%) SoapUI
11 36 (1.78%) Grunt
12 29 (1.43%) Maven
13 27 (1.34%) Visual Studio
14 26 (1.29%) Jasmine
14 26 (1.29%) SpecFlow
15 24 (1.19%) Ant
15 24 (1.19%) LoadRunner
16 23 (1.14%) Bower
17 22 (1.09%) Mockito
18 21 (1.04%) HP UFT
General
1 656 (32.46%) Finance
2 241 (11.92%) Banking
3 175 (8.66%) Retail
4 102 (5.05%) Telecoms
5 86 (4.26%) Marketing
6 64 (3.17%) Investment Banking
7 44 (2.18%) Manufacturing
8 43 (2.13%) Law
9 34 (1.68%) Back Office
9 34 (1.68%) Legal
10 32 (1.58%) Retail Banking
11 30 (1.48%) Billing
11 30 (1.48%) Front Office
12 26 (1.29%) Financial Institution
13 23 (1.14%) Publishing
14 17 (0.84%) Pharmaceutical
15 16 (0.79%) Advertising
15 16 (0.79%) Electronics
15 16 (0.79%) Games
16 14 (0.69%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 593 (29.34%) Analyst
2 427 (21.13%) Business Analyst
3 394 (19.50%) Project Manager
4 296 (14.65%) Developer
5 139 (6.88%) Architect
6 111 (5.49%) Java Developer
7 99 (4.90%) Test Analyst
8 75 (3.71%) Solutions Architect
9 62 (3.07%) Tester
10 58 (2.87%) Test Manager
11 56 (2.77%) Senior Analyst
11 56 (2.77%) Senior Manager
12 51 (2.52%) Agile Business Analyst
13 50 (2.47%) Consultant
13 50 (2.47%) Delivery Manager
14 49 (2.42%) IT Manager
15 45 (2.23%) Programme Manager
16 44 (2.18%) Senior Project Manager
17 41 (2.03%) Scrum Master
18 40 (1.98%) Digital Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 144 (7.13%) Web Services
2 131 (6.48%) HTML
3 130 (6.43%) Spring
4 116 (5.74%) .NET
5 113 (5.59%) CSS
6 91 (4.50%) SOAP
6 91 (4.50%) XML
7 90 (4.45%) Hibernate
8 82 (4.06%) AngularJS
9 76 (3.76%) REST
10 66 (3.27%) J2EE
10 66 (3.27%) jQuery
11 65 (3.22%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 64 (3.17%) HTML5
13 54 (2.67%) JSP
13 54 (2.67%) RESTful
14 50 (2.47%) Ajax
15 45 (2.23%) Spring MVC
16 38 (1.88%) ASP.NET
17 36 (1.78%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 203 (10.04%) Analytical Skills
2 72 (3.56%) Virtual Team
3 68 (3.36%) Management Information System
4 49 (2.42%) User Experience
5 47 (2.33%) Data Centre
6 43 (2.13%) Mobile App
7 38 (1.88%) Enterprise Software
8 36 (1.78%) PMI
9 30 (1.48%) Computer Science
10 27 (1.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 22 (1.09%) Greenfield Project
12 17 (0.84%) Equities
12 17 (0.84%) Fintech
13 16 (0.79%) Derivative
14 15 (0.74%) Fixed Income
15 13 (0.64%) Client/Server
15 13 (0.64%) Hedge funds
15 13 (0.64%) SWIFT
16 10 (0.49%) Reference Data
17 9 (0.45%) Smart Meter
Operating Systems
1 83 (4.11%) Windows
2 55 (2.72%) Linux
3 42 (2.08%) Unix
4 15 (0.74%) Android
5 14 (0.69%) Windows Server
6 13 (0.64%) Windows 10
7 12 (0.59%) Apple iOS
8 9 (0.45%) AIX
9 8 (0.40%) Windows Server 2003
10 5 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
12 3 (0.15%) HPUX
12 3 (0.15%) VMS
12 3 (0.15%) Windows 7
13 2 (0.099%) CentOS
13 2 (0.099%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.099%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 2 (0.099%) Solaris
13 2 (0.099%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 1889 (93.47%) Agile Software Development
2 466 (23.06%) Project Management
3 362 (17.91%) Stakeholder Management
4 345 (17.07%) Scrum
5 293 (14.50%) SDLC
6 273 (13.51%) Business Analysis
7 254 (12.57%) PRINCE2
8 197 (9.75%) Test Automation
9 177 (8.76%) TDD
10 172 (8.51%) User Acceptance Testing
11 160 (7.92%) CRM
12 145 (7.17%) User Stories
13 127 (6.28%) Business Intelligence
14 122 (6.04%) DevOps
15 114 (5.64%) Kanban
16 112 (5.54%) Change Management
17 109 (5.39%) Continuous Integration
18 108 (5.34%) Risk Management
19 107 (5.29%) E-Commerce
20 105 (5.20%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 292 (14.45%) SQL
2 262 (12.96%) Java
3 165 (8.16%) JavaScript
4 103 (5.10%) C#
5 50 (2.47%) PL/SQL
6 42 (2.08%) Python
6 42 (2.08%) T-SQL
7 35 (1.73%) Shell Script
8 28 (1.39%) C++
9 24 (1.19%) C
10 16 (0.79%) PowerShell
11 14 (0.69%) Scala
12 11 (0.54%) XPath
13 10 (0.49%) Perl
14 9 (0.45%) F#
14 9 (0.45%) Ruby
14 9 (0.45%) TypeScript
14 9 (0.45%) VB.NET
14 9 (0.45%) VBA
14 9 (0.45%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 172 (8.51%) Degree
2 144 (7.13%) Security Cleared
3 135 (6.68%) ISEB
4 101 (5.00%) SC Cleared
5 70 (3.46%) ISTQB
6 64 (3.17%) PMI Certification
7 57 (2.82%) PMP
8 40 (1.98%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
9 33 (1.63%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 27 (1.34%) BPSS Clearance
10 27 (1.34%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 21 (1.04%) CISM
12 18 (0.89%) CISSP
13 13 (0.64%) APMP
13 13 (0.64%) ISEB Practitioner
14 12 (0.59%) IIBA
15 11 (0.54%) DV Cleared
15 11 (0.54%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 9 (0.45%) CBAP
16 9 (0.45%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 174 (8.61%) QA
2 71 (3.51%) PMO
3 52 (2.57%) GDPR
4 34 (1.68%) Data Quality
5 28 (1.39%) MiFID
6 18 (0.89%) Disclosure Scotland
6 18 (0.89%) EMIR
7 14 (0.69%) PCI DSS
8 12 (0.59%) SLA
9 11 (0.54%) PSD2
10 10 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 10 (0.49%) NIST 800
10 10 (0.49%) WAI
11 4 (0.20%) COBIT
11 4 (0.20%) FINREP
11 4 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials
12 3 (0.15%) ISO 20022
12 3 (0.15%) ISO 9001
12 3 (0.15%) WCAG
System Software
1 14 (0.69%) Active Directory
2 12 (0.59%) Docker
3 8 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
5 3 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
5 3 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.099%) Firmware
7 1 (0.049%) GlusterFS
7 1 (0.049%) Microsoft App-V
7 1 (0.049%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.049%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 27 (1.34%) HP Quality Center
2 18 (0.89%) HP SiteScope
2 18 (0.89%) OpenView
3 11 (0.54%) Puppet
4 9 (0.45%) SCCM
5 8 (0.40%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (0.25%) Nagios
7 4 (0.20%) Ansible
7 4 (0.20%) Terraform
8 3 (0.15%) Kubernetes
8 3 (0.15%) McAfee ePO
8 3 (0.15%) Rancher
8 3 (0.15%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
9 2 (0.099%) AirWatch
9 2 (0.099%) Control-M
9 2 (0.099%) Nessus
10 1 (0.049%) CA Service Virtualization
10 1 (0.049%) Opsview
10 1 (0.049%) OSSEC
10 1 (0.049%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 217 (10.74%) Microsoft
2 192 (9.50%) Oracle
3 95 (4.70%) HP
4 91 (4.50%) SAP
5 47 (2.33%) Salesforce.com
6 34 (1.68%) Adobe
7 33 (1.63%) IBM
8 28 (1.39%) hybris
9 23 (1.14%) Google
10 19 (0.94%) PeopleSoft
10 19 (0.94%) ServiceNow
11 18 (0.89%) Citrix
11 18 (0.89%) Pega
12 16 (0.79%) Sitecore
13 15 (0.74%) Cloudera
13 15 (0.74%) Talend
13 15 (0.74%) VMware
14 14 (0.69%) Cognos
15 13 (0.64%) Hortonworks
16 12 (0.59%) Siebel