Period
to 19 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Waterfall skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Waterfall over the 6 months to 19 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Waterfall Model
UK
6 months to
19 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 109 126 108
Rank change year-on-year +17 -18 +33
Contract jobs citing Waterfall 2,318 1,893 2,345
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.29% 2.04% 2.20%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.68% 2.42% 2.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,624 1,344 1,633
UK median daily rate £466 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.61% +5.88% +2.72%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £306
90th Percentile £625 £619 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +2.24% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 7 16
UK median hourly rate £36.00 £45.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.88% -9.00% +65.45%
10th Percentile £21.25 £39.50 £40.94
90th Percentile £56.13 £51.90 £54.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.00 £45.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -20.88% -9.00% +85.19%

Waterfall is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,568 78,196 89,330
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.62% 84.38% 83.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,177 51,470 58,297
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £299 £270 £263
90th Percentile £638 £620 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £395
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.27% +5.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,215 2,127 2,465
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £25.00 £24.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% +0.60% +23.11%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.39 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.25 £51.25 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.33 £25.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -14.70% - +15.93%

Waterfall
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Waterfall as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor daily rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 19 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Waterfall over the 6 months to 19 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Waterfall in the UK

Waterfall
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Waterfall within the UK over the 6 months to 19 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 2,092 £475 +5.56% 425
UK excluding London +34 1,352 £435 +2.24% 293
London -11 930 £513 +7.89% 164
South East +4 392 £450 +3.15% 63
North of England +42 328 £413 -1.20% 76
Midlands +11 198 £400 -5.88% 51
North West +41 169 £423 -5.06% 31
Scotland +56 164 £405 -3.57% 22
East of England +10 129 £450 +5.88% 34
West Midlands -3 127 £400 -5.88% 27
South West +29 121 £450 +20.00% 35
Yorkshire -3 105 £425 +4.62% 36
East Midlands +14 66 £375 -9.64% 24
North East +44 59 £431 +7.81% 9
Wales -33 15 £358 -6.23% 9
Northern Ireland -4 11 £403 -10.56% 2
Channel Islands - 4 - - 1

For the 6 months to 19 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Waterfall also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Waterfall.

1 2,179 (94.00%) Agile Software Development
2 798 (34.43%) Finance
3 547 (23.60%) Project Management
4 529 (22.82%) Stakeholder Management
5 406 (17.52%) Scrum
6 340 (14.67%) Business Analysis
7 334 (14.41%) SDLC
8 324 (13.98%) JIRA
9 288 (12.42%) SQL
10 283 (12.21%) PRINCE2
11 275 (11.86%) Java
12 262 (11.30%) Oracle
13 250 (10.79%) Microsoft
14 227 (9.79%) Test Automation
15 214 (9.23%) Banking
16 205 (8.84%) SQL Server
16 205 (8.84%) .NET
17 199 (8.58%) Problem-Solving
18 192 (8.28%) JavaScript
18 192 (8.28%) Degree
19 186 (8.02%) User Stories
20 183 (7.89%) QA
21 181 (7.81%) Analytical Skills
22 176 (7.59%) C#
23 173 (7.46%) TDD
24 172 (7.42%) DevOps
25 170 (7.33%) Web Services
26 167 (7.20%) Migration
27 166 (7.16%) User Acceptance Testing
28 164 (7.08%) Continuous Integration

Waterfall
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 140 (6.04%) Confluence
2 68 (2.93%) SharePoint
3 61 (2.63%) CMS
4 46 (1.98%) WebSphere
5 40 (1.73%) WebLogic
6 34 (1.47%) Tomcat
7 27 (1.16%) Apache
8 26 (1.12%) JBoss
9 16 (0.69%) SAS
10 15 (0.65%) IIS
11 13 (0.56%) MS Exchange
12 10 (0.43%) Apache Spark
12 10 (0.43%) WebSphere Application Server
13 9 (0.39%) Drupal
13 9 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 7 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 6 (0.26%) Cloud Foundry
16 5 (0.22%) BizTalk Server
16 5 (0.22%) Documentum
16 5 (0.22%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 124 (5.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 100 (4.31%) Microsoft Office
3 99 (4.27%) MS Visio
4 93 (4.01%) Microsoft Project
5 41 (1.77%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 13 (0.56%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 8 (0.35%) Photoshop
8 7 (0.30%) InDesign
9 6 (0.26%) OmniGraffle
10 4 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
10 4 (0.17%) SPSS
11 1 (0.043%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.043%) InVision
Business Applications
1 46 (1.98%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.56%) Dynamics AX
3 9 (0.39%) NetSuite
4 8 (0.35%) Eloqua
4 8 (0.35%) SAP FI
5 7 (0.30%) Primavera
5 7 (0.30%) SAP CO
5 7 (0.30%) SAP FI/CO
6 6 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
6 6 (0.26%) PeopleSoft HRMS
6 6 (0.26%) Unit4 Business World
7 5 (0.22%) Infor CRM
7 5 (0.22%) Magento
7 5 (0.22%) Oracle Retail
7 5 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
8 4 (0.17%) CA PPM
8 4 (0.17%) Eagle PACE
8 4 (0.17%) Temenos T24
9 3 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
9 3 (0.13%) SAP FSCM
Cloud Services
1 151 (6.51%) Microsoft Azure
2 97 (4.18%) Amazon AWS
3 92 (3.97%) SaaS
4 47 (2.03%) Office 365
4 47 (2.03%) PaaS
5 40 (1.73%) IaaS
6 33 (1.42%) GitHub
7 21 (0.91%) Cloud Computing
8 16 (0.69%) Google Cloud Platform
9 13 (0.56%) BrowserStack
10 11 (0.47%) Dynamics 365
11 10 (0.43%) Slack
12 8 (0.35%) Amazon EC2
12 8 (0.35%) Amazon S3
13 7 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
13 7 (0.30%) Sauce Labs
13 7 (0.30%) Serverless
13 7 (0.30%) Trello
14 6 (0.26%) Basecamp
14 6 (0.26%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 39 (1.68%) HTTP
2 32 (1.38%) Firewall
2 32 (1.38%) Internet
3 29 (1.25%) SMS
4 24 (1.04%) TCP/IP
5 15 (0.65%) WAN
6 13 (0.56%) DNS
7 12 (0.52%) LAN
8 11 (0.47%) SAN
9 10 (0.43%) Intranet
10 9 (0.39%) Remote Desktop
11 7 (0.30%) DHCP
11 7 (0.30%) FTP
11 7 (0.30%) SSL
12 6 (0.26%) Broadband
12 6 (0.26%) SNMP
12 6 (0.26%) Unified Communications
13 5 (0.22%) Network Security
13 5 (0.22%) Skype
13 5 (0.22%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 205 (8.84%) SQL Server
2 119 (5.13%) Data Warehouse
3 93 (4.01%) Relational Database
4 62 (2.67%) Oracle Database
5 57 (2.46%) RDBMS
6 52 (2.24%) SQL Server 2012
7 49 (2.11%) SQL Server 2016
8 45 (1.94%) SQL Server 2014
9 44 (1.90%) Big Data
10 40 (1.73%) NoSQL
11 36 (1.55%) BusinessObjects
12 33 (1.42%) Hadoop
12 33 (1.42%) MySQL
13 30 (1.29%) MongoDB
14 22 (0.95%) Power BI
15 20 (0.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 18 (0.78%) DB2
17 16 (0.69%) Redis
17 16 (0.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 15 (0.65%) SQLPlus
Development Applications
1 324 (13.98%) JIRA
2 122 (5.26%) Jenkins
3 78 (3.36%) Git (software)
3 78 (3.36%) Selenium
4 54 (2.33%) Visual Studio
5 51 (2.20%) Team Foundation Server
6 50 (2.16%) JUnit
7 49 (2.11%) Subversion
8 48 (2.07%) Eclipse
9 46 (1.98%) Maven
10 38 (1.64%) JMeter
11 37 (1.60%) Cucumber
12 36 (1.55%) HP UFT
13 34 (1.47%) SoapUI
14 30 (1.29%) LoadRunner
15 27 (1.16%) Ant
15 27 (1.16%) Zephyr
16 22 (0.95%) WebDriver
17 20 (0.86%) Mockito
17 20 (0.86%) SpecFlow
General
1 798 (34.43%) Finance
2 214 (9.23%) Banking
3 161 (6.95%) Retail
4 83 (3.58%) Telecoms
5 59 (2.55%) Law
6 56 (2.42%) Legal
7 55 (2.37%) Marketing
8 44 (1.90%) Back Office
9 26 (1.12%) Investment Banking
9 26 (1.12%) Pharmaceutical
10 24 (1.04%) Automotive
10 24 (1.04%) Front Office
11 20 (0.86%) Billing
11 20 (0.86%) Retail Banking
12 19 (0.82%) Manufacturing
13 12 (0.52%) German Language
14 11 (0.47%) Advertising
14 11 (0.47%) General Ledger
15 10 (0.43%) French Language
15 10 (0.43%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 671 (28.95%) Analyst
2 487 (21.01%) Business Analyst
3 482 (20.79%) Project Manager
4 347 (14.97%) Developer
5 170 (7.33%) Architect
6 95 (4.10%) Test Analyst
7 78 (3.36%) IT Manager
8 77 (3.32%) Java Developer
9 70 (3.02%) Programme Manager
9 70 (3.02%) Solutions Architect
10 67 (2.89%) Senior Analyst
10 67 (2.89%) Test Manager
11 66 (2.85%) Senior Developer
12 64 (2.76%) Senior Manager
13 59 (2.55%) Agile Business Analyst
14 58 (2.50%) Consultant
15 57 (2.46%) IT Project Manager
16 55 (2.37%) Digital Analyst
17 54 (2.33%) Digital Business Analyst
17 54 (2.33%) Scrum Master
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 205 (8.84%) .NET
2 170 (7.33%) Web Services
3 142 (6.13%) HTML
4 112 (4.83%) CSS
5 106 (4.57%) REST
6 103 (4.44%) XML
7 92 (3.97%) Spring
8 87 (3.75%) J2EE
9 77 (3.32%) jQuery
10 71 (3.06%) AngularJS
11 69 (2.98%) HTML5
12 68 (2.93%) SOAP
13 64 (2.76%) WCF
14 62 (2.67%) JSON
15 59 (2.55%) Hibernate
16 50 (2.16%) ASP.NET
17 45 (1.94%) RESTful
18 44 (1.90%) WPF
19 43 (1.86%) Middleware
20 37 (1.60%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 181 (7.81%) Analytical Skills
2 110 (4.75%) User Experience
3 67 (2.89%) Management Information System
4 60 (2.59%) Mobile App
5 55 (2.37%) Greenfield Project
6 50 (2.16%) Enterprise Software
7 45 (1.94%) Virtual Team
8 43 (1.86%) Self-Motivation
9 33 (1.42%) Data Centre
10 26 (1.12%) PMI
11 21 (0.91%) Client/Server
11 21 (0.91%) Computer Science
12 19 (0.82%) Data Structures
12 19 (0.82%) Reinsurance
13 17 (0.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 16 (0.69%) Fixed Income
15 15 (0.65%) N-Tier
16 14 (0.60%) Derivative
17 13 (0.56%) Mainframe
18 12 (0.52%) Thin Client
Operating Systems
1 100 (4.31%) Unix
2 99 (4.27%) Linux
3 97 (4.18%) Windows
4 25 (1.08%) Windows 10
5 24 (1.04%) Apple iOS
6 23 (0.99%) Android
6 23 (0.99%) Mac OS X
6 23 (0.99%) Windows Server
7 15 (0.65%) AIX
8 13 (0.56%) Mac OS
9 9 (0.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 8 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
10 8 (0.35%) Windows Vista
11 7 (0.30%) Windows 8
11 7 (0.30%) Windows Server 2003
12 6 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.22%) VMS
13 5 (0.22%) Windows 7
14 4 (0.17%) CentOS
15 3 (0.13%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,179 (94.00%) Agile Software Development
2 547 (23.60%) Project Management
3 529 (22.82%) Stakeholder Management
4 406 (17.52%) Scrum
5 340 (14.67%) Business Analysis
6 334 (14.41%) SDLC
7 283 (12.21%) PRINCE2
8 227 (9.79%) Test Automation
9 199 (8.58%) Problem-Solving
10 186 (8.02%) User Stories
11 173 (7.46%) TDD
12 172 (7.42%) DevOps
13 167 (7.20%) Migration
14 166 (7.16%) User Acceptance Testing
15 164 (7.08%) Continuous Integration
15 164 (7.08%) ITIL
16 149 (6.43%) CRM
17 147 (6.34%) Change Management
18 146 (6.30%) E-Commerce
19 142 (6.13%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 288 (12.42%) SQL
2 275 (11.86%) Java
3 192 (8.28%) JavaScript
4 176 (7.59%) C#
5 76 (3.28%) C
6 62 (2.67%) Python
7 59 (2.55%) PL/SQL
8 48 (2.07%) Shell Script
9 34 (1.47%) Perl
10 32 (1.38%) PowerShell
10 32 (1.38%) VBA
11 26 (1.12%) Bash Shell
12 25 (1.08%) Ruby
13 23 (0.99%) T-SQL
14 22 (0.95%) PHP
15 21 (0.91%) C++
16 16 (0.69%) XPath
17 15 (0.65%) Apple Swift
17 15 (0.65%) Java 8
18 10 (0.43%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 192 (8.28%) Degree
2 162 (6.99%) Security Cleared
3 120 (5.18%) ISEB
4 119 (5.13%) SC Cleared
5 82 (3.54%) PMI Certification
6 68 (2.93%) ISTQB
7 66 (2.85%) PMP
8 49 (2.11%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 40 (1.73%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 26 (1.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 20 (0.86%) BPSS Clearance
11 20 (0.86%) DV Cleared
12 19 (0.82%) ITIL Certification
13 14 (0.60%) CBAP
14 12 (0.52%) Computer Science Degree
14 12 (0.52%) PgMP
15 10 (0.43%) IIBA
15 10 (0.43%) ISEB Practitioner
16 8 (0.35%) AWS Certification
16 8 (0.35%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 183 (7.89%) QA
2 91 (3.93%) PMO
3 71 (3.06%) GDPR
4 24 (1.04%) Data Quality
5 18 (0.78%) Disclosure Scotland
6 15 (0.65%) WCAG
7 11 (0.47%) SLA
8 8 (0.35%) PSD2
9 6 (0.26%) MiFID
9 6 (0.26%) PMBOK
10 5 (0.22%) PCI DSS
10 5 (0.22%) Solvency II
11 4 (0.17%) GAAP
11 4 (0.17%) IFRS
11 4 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.13%) EMIR
12 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 3 (0.13%) P3O
12 3 (0.13%) TARGET2
12 3 (0.13%) WAI
System Software
1 34 (1.47%) Docker
2 27 (1.16%) Active Directory
3 22 (0.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
5 10 (0.43%) Hyper-V
6 7 (0.30%) Virtual Desktop
7 6 (0.26%) Microsoft App-V
7 6 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (0.26%) VMware Workstation
8 4 (0.17%) XenDesktop
9 3 (0.13%) ISA Server
9 3 (0.13%) VirtualBox
9 3 (0.13%) Xen
10 1 (0.043%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.043%) BitLocker
10 1 (0.043%) GlusterFS
10 1 (0.043%) HDFS
10 1 (0.043%) Oracle Clusterware
10 1 (0.043%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.043%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 61 (2.63%) HP ALM
2 49 (2.11%) HP Quality Center
3 19 (0.82%) Ansible
4 17 (0.73%) SCCM
5 15 (0.65%) Puppet
5 15 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
6 13 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
7 8 (0.35%) Kubernetes
7 8 (0.35%) Nessus
8 7 (0.30%) CA Service Virtualization
9 6 (0.26%) SCOM
10 5 (0.22%) Perfmon
11 4 (0.17%) HP SiteScope
11 4 (0.17%) OpenView
11 4 (0.17%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 4 (0.17%) Terraform
12 3 (0.13%) Oracle Identity Management
13 2 (0.086%) Microsoft Clustering
13 2 (0.086%) Tivoli
14 1 (0.043%) Grafana
Vendors
1 262 (11.30%) Oracle
2 250 (10.79%) Microsoft
3 114 (4.92%) SAP
4 85 (3.67%) HP
5 64 (2.76%) IBM
6 61 (2.63%) Salesforce.com
7 34 (1.47%) Citrix
8 32 (1.38%) Informatica
9 31 (1.34%) hybris
10 28 (1.21%) Adobe
11 26 (1.12%) Google
12 25 (1.08%) VMware
13 23 (0.99%) Pega
13 23 (0.99%) ServiceNow
13 23 (0.99%) Tableau
14 18 (0.78%) Atlassian
14 18 (0.78%) Sybase
15 17 (0.73%) Progress
16 14 (0.60%) Capita
17 13 (0.56%) Talend