Period
to 15 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 159 128 124
Rank change year-on-year -31 -4 -17
Permanent jobs citing Selenium 1,848 2,009 3,714
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.06% 2.60% 2.79%
As % of the Development Applications category 10.15% 13.26% 14.37%
Number of salaries quoted 1,539 1,660 2,945
10th Percentile £36,750 £32,500 £33,750
25th Percentile £42,813 £40,000 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £64,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £76,375 £75,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 18,207 15,150 25,850
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 20.30% 19.63% 19.44%
Number of salaries quoted 12,876 12,212 20,710
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £68,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Salary trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 842 £62,500 - 89
South East -20 410 £50,000 +5.26% 42
North of England -88 228 £44,500 -1.11% 41
South West -88 147 £50,000 +7.53% 27
Midlands -25 120 £45,000 +5.88% 14
Yorkshire -58 110 £45,000 - 15
North West -76 105 £45,000 - 23
West Midlands -3 91 £47,500 +8.57% 8
East of England -19 65 £58,750 +17.50% 10
East Midlands -50 27 £41,000 -0.61% 6
North East -23 13 £35,000 -20.00% 3
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,510 (81.71%) Test Automation
2 1,118 (60.50%) Agile Software Development
3 905 (48.97%) QA
4 772 (41.77%) Java
5 762 (41.23%) C#
6 629 (34.04%) BDD
7 624 (33.77%) Cucumber
8 613 (33.17%) JavaScript
9 522 (28.25%) Software Testing
10 504 (27.27%) TDD
11 501 (27.11%) SQL
12 465 (25.16%) Azure
13 463 (25.05%) DevOps
14 435 (23.54%) Jenkins
15 405 (21.92%) AWS
16 373 (20.18%) WebDriver
17 368 (19.91%) SpecFlow
18 367 (19.86%) JIRA
19 350 (18.94%) Git (software)
19 350 (18.94%) Social Skills
20 345 (18.67%) .NET
21 339 (18.34%) Scrum
22 337 (18.24%) Finance
22 337 (18.24%) Postman
23 328 (17.75%) Docker
24 323 (17.48%) SDET
25 309 (16.72%) Python
26 306 (16.56%) API Testing
27 303 (16.40%) Continuous Integration
28 285 (15.42%) Microservices

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 109 (5.90%) Confluence
2 22 (1.19%) Apache
3 18 (0.97%) Elasticsearch
4 17 (0.92%) CMS
5 16 (0.87%) JBoss
6 14 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
7 13 (0.70%) SharePoint
8 12 (0.65%) GemFire
8 12 (0.65%) Tomcat
9 8 (0.43%) Drupal
10 7 (0.38%) Headless CMS
11 5 (0.27%) nginx
11 5 (0.27%) WebLogic
11 5 (0.27%) WordPress
12 4 (0.22%) MODX
12 4 (0.22%) NServiceBus
13 3 (0.16%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 2 (0.11%) Apache Spark
14 2 (0.11%) Appian
15 1 (0.054%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 38 (2.06%) InVision
2 27 (1.46%) Sketch
3 17 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
4 12 (0.65%) Microsoft Excel
5 2 (0.11%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.054%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.054%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.054%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 3 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
1 3 (0.16%) Magento
2 2 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
2 2 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
2 2 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
2 2 (0.11%) SAP HCM
3 1 (0.054%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.054%) SDL Web 8
3 1 (0.054%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 465 (25.16%) Azure
2 405 (21.92%) AWS
3 100 (5.41%) SaaS
4 93 (5.03%) Serverless
5 84 (4.55%) GitHub
6 82 (4.44%) GCP
7 73 (3.95%) AWS Lambda
8 45 (2.44%) BrowserStack
9 36 (1.95%) Amazon SQS
10 34 (1.84%) AWS CloudFormation
11 33 (1.79%) Amazon EC2
11 33 (1.79%) Amazon S3
12 28 (1.52%) Cloud Computing
12 28 (1.52%) PaaS
13 24 (1.30%) Azure Service Bus
13 24 (1.30%) Azure Service Fabric
14 17 (0.92%) Amazon ECS
14 17 (0.92%) BlazeMeter
15 15 (0.81%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 15 (0.81%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 72 (3.90%) HTTP
2 14 (0.76%) Skype
3 12 (0.65%) Calico
4 11 (0.60%) DNS
4 11 (0.60%) Internet
5 9 (0.49%) SSH
6 8 (0.43%) TCP/IP
7 7 (0.38%) Wireshark
8 5 (0.27%) Broadband
8 5 (0.27%) H.323
8 5 (0.27%) Intranet
8 5 (0.27%) Network Security
9 4 (0.22%) Firewall
9 4 (0.22%) FTP
9 4 (0.22%) Reverse Proxy
10 3 (0.16%) DHCP
10 3 (0.16%) PuTTY
10 3 (0.16%) SMTP
10 3 (0.16%) VLAN
10 3 (0.16%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 139 (7.52%) SQL Server
2 107 (5.79%) NoSQL
3 84 (4.55%) MongoDB
4 70 (3.79%) MySQL
5 65 (3.52%) PostgreSQL
6 44 (2.38%) Relational Database
7 43 (2.33%) Redis
8 39 (2.11%) Big Data
9 34 (1.84%) Hadoop
10 30 (1.62%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 29 (1.57%) Oracle Database
12 17 (0.92%) Amazon Aurora
13 16 (0.87%) Azure SQL Database
14 14 (0.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 13 (0.70%) Blockchain
16 12 (0.65%) RDBMS
17 9 (0.49%) Amazon RDS
18 8 (0.43%) SQL Server 2012
19 7 (0.38%) MariaDB
19 7 (0.38%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 624 (33.77%) Cucumber
2 435 (23.54%) Jenkins
3 373 (20.18%) WebDriver
4 368 (19.91%) SpecFlow
5 367 (19.86%) JIRA
6 350 (18.94%) Git (software)
7 337 (18.24%) Postman
8 248 (13.42%) JMeter
9 197 (10.66%) Cypress.io
10 145 (7.85%) SoapUI
11 141 (7.63%) Appium
12 114 (6.17%) JUnit
13 103 (5.57%) NUnit
14 95 (5.14%) Visual Studio
15 93 (5.03%) Maven
16 92 (4.98%) REST Assured
17 88 (4.76%) TeamCity
18 70 (3.79%) Protractor
19 62 (3.35%) GitLab
20 57 (3.08%) Jasmine
General
1 350 (18.94%) Social Skills
2 337 (18.24%) Finance
3 108 (5.84%) Analytical Skills
4 104 (5.63%) Banking
5 56 (3.03%) Public Sector
6 51 (2.76%) Retail
7 48 (2.60%) Marketing
8 45 (2.44%) Law
9 38 (2.06%) Games
10 32 (1.73%) Organisational Skills
11 22 (1.19%) Automotive
11 22 (1.19%) Telecoms
12 19 (1.03%) Advertising
13 18 (0.97%) Influencing Skills
14 15 (0.81%) Legal
14 15 (0.81%) Manufacturing
15 13 (0.70%) Electronics
15 13 (0.70%) Presentation Skills
16 12 (0.65%) Retail Banking
17 8 (0.43%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 336 (18.18%) Test Engineer
2 335 (18.13%) Developer
3 298 (16.13%) Tester
4 292 (15.80%) QA Engineer
5 194 (10.50%) Automation Tester
6 190 (10.28%) Test Automation Engineer
7 176 (9.52%) Automation Engineer
8 152 (8.23%) Analyst
9 135 (7.31%) QA Automation Engineer
10 123 (6.66%) Test Analyst
11 118 (6.39%) Software Developer
12 99 (5.36%) Developer in Test
13 98 (5.30%) Software Engineer
13 98 (5.30%) Test Leader
14 89 (4.82%) Senior Test Engineer
15 82 (4.44%) Automation Test Lead
16 76 (4.11%) Senior Developer
17 74 (4.00%) Software Test Engineer
17 74 (4.00%) Software Tester
18 68 (3.68%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 345 (18.67%) .NET
2 264 (14.29%) REST
3 228 (12.34%) Gherkin
4 209 (11.31%) React
5 167 (9.04%) HTML
6 162 (8.77%) Web Services
7 160 (8.66%) CSS
8 140 (7.58%) RESTful
9 139 (7.52%) .NET Core
10 138 (7.47%) SOAP
11 129 (6.98%) AngularJS
12 124 (6.71%) Node.js
13 122 (6.60%) Spring
14 93 (5.03%) .NET Framework
15 92 (4.98%) JSON
16 85 (4.60%) HTML5
17 77 (4.17%) Kafka
18 71 (3.84%) Spring Boot
19 70 (3.79%) XML
20 67 (3.63%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 109 (5.90%) Mobile App
2 90 (4.87%) User Experience
3 68 (3.68%) Self-Motivation
4 43 (2.33%) Greenfield Project
5 30 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
6 20 (1.08%) Management Information System
7 16 (0.87%) Public Cloud
8 14 (0.76%) NHS
9 13 (0.70%) Algorithms
9 13 (0.70%) Data Centre
9 13 (0.70%) EPoS
9 13 (0.70%) LIMS
9 13 (0.70%) Social Network
9 13 (0.70%) Video on Demand
10 12 (0.65%) Linux Command Line
11 11 (0.60%) N-Tier
12 10 (0.54%) Client/Server
13 9 (0.49%) Data Structures
14 8 (0.43%) Hedge funds
15 7 (0.38%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 116 (6.28%) Linux
2 52 (2.81%) Android
3 46 (2.49%) Apple iOS
3 46 (2.49%) Windows
4 42 (2.27%) Unix
5 7 (0.38%) CentOS
5 7 (0.38%) Debian
5 7 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (0.32%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.11%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.11%) VMS
7 2 (0.11%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,510 (81.71%) Test Automation
2 1,118 (60.50%) Agile Software Development
3 629 (34.04%) BDD
4 522 (28.25%) Software Testing
5 504 (27.27%) TDD
6 463 (25.05%) DevOps
7 339 (18.34%) Scrum
8 323 (17.48%) SDET
9 306 (16.56%) API Testing
10 303 (16.40%) Continuous Integration
11 285 (15.42%) Microservices
12 254 (13.74%) Mentoring
13 235 (12.72%) Test Strategy
14 218 (11.80%) Regression Testing
15 214 (11.58%) Test Scripting
16 211 (11.42%) SDLC
17 203 (10.98%) Fintech
18 189 (10.23%) Manual Testing
19 185 (10.01%) Software Engineering
20 179 (9.69%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 772 (41.77%) Java
2 762 (41.23%) C#
3 613 (33.17%) JavaScript
4 501 (27.11%) SQL
5 309 (16.72%) Python
6 139 (7.52%) TypeScript
7 77 (4.17%) Ruby
8 51 (2.76%) PowerShell
8 51 (2.76%) Scala
9 50 (2.71%) Bash Shell
10 49 (2.65%) Java 8
11 38 (2.06%) Go
12 32 (1.73%) Kotlin
13 31 (1.68%) ES6
14 30 (1.62%) C
14 30 (1.62%) PHP
15 27 (1.46%) ES7
15 27 (1.46%) T-SQL
16 18 (0.97%) Groovy
17 17 (0.92%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 192 (10.39%) Degree
2 175 (9.47%) ISTQB
3 96 (5.19%) Security Cleared
4 85 (4.60%) ISEB
5 84 (4.55%) Computer Science Degree
6 81 (4.38%) SC Cleared
7 79 (4.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 34 (1.84%) DV Cleared
9 27 (1.46%) SANS
10 12 (0.65%) OCP
10 12 (0.65%) Oracle Certification
11 11 (0.60%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 5 (0.27%) Master's Degree
13 4 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
13 4 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
13 4 (0.22%) ISEB Practitioner
14 3 (0.16%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 2 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
15 2 (0.11%) Sun Certification
16 1 (0.054%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 905 (48.97%) QA
2 46 (2.49%) Accessibility
3 36 (1.95%) WCAG
4 11 (0.60%) SLA
5 3 (0.16%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.11%) WAI
7 1 (0.054%) GDPR
7 1 (0.054%) GxP
7 1 (0.054%) ISO 13485
7 1 (0.054%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.054%) MiFID
System Software
1 328 (17.75%) Docker
2 14 (0.76%) Virtual Machines
3 7 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.27%) Hyper-V
4 5 (0.27%) KVM
5 3 (0.16%) Active Directory
6 2 (0.11%) Firmware
6 2 (0.11%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 269 (14.56%) Kubernetes
2 79 (4.27%) Ansible
3 65 (3.52%) Terraform
4 45 (2.44%) Opscode Chef
5 41 (2.22%) Puppet
6 30 (1.62%) Grafana
7 26 (1.41%) HP Quality Center
8 19 (1.03%) Kibana
9 16 (0.87%) Graylog
9 16 (0.87%) Istio
10 14 (0.76%) Graphite
10 14 (0.76%) Opsgenie
11 13 (0.70%) Fortio
11 13 (0.70%) Kiali
12 12 (0.65%) Prometheus
13 9 (0.49%) Rancher
14 8 (0.43%) ZABBIX
15 3 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
15 3 (0.16%) logstash
16 2 (0.11%) OpenNebula
Vendors
1 144 (7.79%) Microsoft
2 94 (5.09%) Oracle
3 39 (2.11%) Atlassian
3 39 (2.11%) Google
4 25 (1.35%) PayPal
5 22 (1.19%) SAP
6 17 (0.92%) HP
7 16 (0.87%) IBM
8 14 (0.76%) Splunk
9 12 (0.65%) New Relic
10 11 (0.60%) Xamarin
11 10 (0.54%) VMware
12 9 (0.49%) Adobe
13 8 (0.43%) Xceptor
14 7 (0.38%) Salesforce.com
15 6 (0.32%) LexisNexis
15 6 (0.32%) Samsung
16 4 (0.22%) AppDynamics
16 4 (0.22%) Guidewire
16 4 (0.22%) SaltStack