Period
to 17 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Selenium skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Selenium over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Selenium
UK > England
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 155 127 122
Rank change year-on-year -28 -5 -11
Permanent jobs citing Selenium 2,433 1,228 3,651
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 2.27% 2.62% 2.78%
As % of the Development Applications category 10.68% 12.56% 14.49%
Number of salaries quoted 1,823 1,056 2,881
10th Percentile £36,750 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £42,938 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £67,500 £63,853 £65,000
90th Percentile £81,250 £75,000 £75,000
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Selenium is in the Development Applications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for development application skills.

All Development Application Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for development application skills 22,786 9,780 25,197
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 21.29% 20.84% 19.22%
Number of salaries quoted 14,188 8,125 20,315
10th Percentile £36,500 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £83,750
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Selenium
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Selenium as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Selenium in England.

Salary trend for Selenium in England

Selenium
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Selenium in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Selenium in England

Selenium
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Selenium within the England region over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 1,103 £62,500 +1.21% 99
South East -20 550 £50,000 - 56
North of England -48 294 £47,500 +5.56% 61
South West -56 198 £47,500 +5.56% 34
Midlands -31 181 £50,000 +11.11% 40
North West -57 142 £47,500 -5.00% 30
Yorkshire -62 136 £47,500 +5.56% 26
West Midlands -33 115 £47,500 -5.00% 26
East of England -65 72 £57,500 +27.78% 21
East Midlands -33 65 £51,000 +36.00% 14
North East -25 21 £39,500 -12.22% 5
Selenium
UK

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT jobs citing Selenium also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Selenium.

1 1,905 (78.30%) Test Automation
2 1,520 (62.47%) Agile Software Development
3 1,180 (48.50%) QA
4 998 (41.02%) C#
5 927 (38.10%) Java
6 863 (35.47%) JavaScript
7 754 (30.99%) Cucumber
8 727 (29.88%) Software Testing
9 693 (28.48%) BDD
10 636 (26.14%) DevOps
11 625 (25.69%) Azure
12 602 (24.74%) Jenkins
12 602 (24.74%) SQL
13 587 (24.13%) TDD
14 539 (22.15%) AWS
15 523 (21.50%) SpecFlow
16 513 (21.09%) Git (software)
17 498 (20.47%) .NET
18 478 (19.65%) WebDriver
19 462 (18.99%) Postman
20 456 (18.74%) Scrum
21 453 (18.62%) JIRA
22 420 (17.26%) Python
23 419 (17.22%) Social Skills
24 417 (17.14%) REST
25 404 (16.61%) API Testing
26 395 (16.24%) Continuous Integration
27 390 (16.03%) Docker
28 388 (15.95%) React
29 386 (15.87%) Finance

Selenium
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 122 (5.01%) Confluence
2 56 (2.30%) Elasticsearch
3 38 (1.56%) Cloud Foundry
4 36 (1.48%) CMS
4 36 (1.48%) GemFire
5 26 (1.07%) Apache
6 22 (0.90%) SharePoint
7 19 (0.78%) Drupal
8 16 (0.66%) WordPress
9 11 (0.45%) Sitecore CMS
10 10 (0.41%) Umbraco
11 9 (0.37%) EPiServer
12 6 (0.25%) IIS
13 5 (0.21%) Tomcat
14 4 (0.16%) MODX
14 4 (0.16%) MS Exchange
14 4 (0.16%) nginx
14 4 (0.16%) SAS
15 3 (0.12%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 3 (0.12%) JBoss
Applications
1 33 (1.36%) Microsoft Office
2 26 (1.07%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.74%) InVision
4 17 (0.70%) Sketch
5 10 (0.41%) Chatbot
6 9 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.37%) MS Visio
7 4 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.041%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 9 (0.37%) WebTrends
2 5 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.12%) Magento
3 3 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
4 2 (0.082%) Actimize
4 2 (0.082%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.082%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.082%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.082%) SAP HCM
5 1 (0.041%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 625 (25.69%) Azure
2 539 (22.15%) AWS
3 163 (6.70%) SaaS
4 162 (6.66%) GitHub
5 158 (6.49%) Serverless
6 135 (5.55%) GCP
7 115 (4.73%) AWS Lambda
8 83 (3.41%) Amazon SQS
9 64 (2.63%) Amazon EC2
10 61 (2.51%) Amazon S3
11 50 (2.06%) Amazon ECS
11 50 (2.06%) BrowserStack
11 50 (2.06%) PaaS
12 37 (1.52%) AWS CloudFormation
13 31 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
14 30 (1.23%) Amazon Cognito
15 26 (1.07%) OpenShift
16 22 (0.90%) Slack
17 17 (0.70%) BlazeMeter
18 15 (0.62%) Azure Service Fabric
Communications & Networking
1 148 (6.08%) HTTP
2 36 (1.48%) Calico
3 25 (1.03%) DNS
4 16 (0.66%) Internet
5 15 (0.62%) MQTT
6 13 (0.53%) AMQP
7 10 (0.41%) Broadband
7 10 (0.41%) TCP/IP
8 7 (0.29%) SMTP
9 6 (0.25%) SSH
9 6 (0.25%) VoIP
10 5 (0.21%) DHCP
10 5 (0.21%) VLAN
10 5 (0.21%) Wireshark
11 4 (0.16%) PBX
11 4 (0.16%) PSTN
11 4 (0.16%) TETRA
12 3 (0.12%) Wi-Fi
13 2 (0.082%) RTP
13 2 (0.082%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 253 (10.40%) SQL Server
2 154 (6.33%) PostgreSQL
3 125 (5.14%) NoSQL
4 124 (5.10%) MySQL
5 79 (3.25%) MongoDB
6 75 (3.08%) Redis
7 73 (3.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 70 (2.88%) Relational Database
9 62 (2.55%) Hadoop
10 46 (1.89%) Big Data
11 34 (1.40%) RDBMS
12 32 (1.32%) Oracle Database
13 31 (1.27%) Amazon Aurora
14 21 (0.86%) Amazon RDS
15 18 (0.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 17 (0.70%) Blockchain
17 16 (0.66%) Azure SQL Database
18 14 (0.58%) Power BI
19 13 (0.53%) Data Warehouse
19 13 (0.53%) MS Access
Development Applications
1 754 (30.99%) Cucumber
2 602 (24.74%) Jenkins
3 523 (21.50%) SpecFlow
4 513 (21.09%) Git (software)
5 478 (19.65%) WebDriver
6 462 (18.99%) Postman
7 453 (18.62%) JIRA
8 307 (12.62%) Cypress.io
9 271 (11.14%) JMeter
10 184 (7.56%) SoapUI
11 159 (6.54%) Appium
12 156 (6.41%) JUnit
13 151 (6.21%) NUnit
14 132 (5.43%) GitLab
15 130 (5.34%) TeamCity
16 122 (5.01%) Team Foundation Server
17 113 (4.64%) REST Assured
18 92 (3.78%) Robot Framework
19 79 (3.25%) Visual Studio
20 78 (3.21%) Jasmine
General
1 419 (17.22%) Social Skills
2 386 (15.87%) Finance
3 151 (6.21%) Banking
4 116 (4.77%) Retail
5 111 (4.56%) Analytical Skills
6 90 (3.70%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 82 (3.37%) Law
8 63 (2.59%) Games
9 55 (2.26%) Public Sector
10 54 (2.22%) Marketing
11 42 (1.73%) Organisational Skills
12 31 (1.27%) Automotive
13 28 (1.15%) Advertising
14 27 (1.11%) Electronics
14 27 (1.11%) Telecoms
15 26 (1.07%) Manufacturing
16 25 (1.03%) Publishing
17 24 (0.99%) Retail Banking
18 20 (0.82%) Legal
19 15 (0.62%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 465 (19.11%) Developer
2 418 (17.18%) Test Engineer
3 365 (15.00%) QA Engineer
4 354 (14.55%) Tester
5 211 (8.67%) Test Automation Engineer
6 208 (8.55%) Automation Tester
7 194 (7.97%) Analyst
8 185 (7.60%) Automation Engineer
9 161 (6.62%) Test Analyst
10 157 (6.45%) QA Automation Engineer
11 151 (6.21%) Software Engineer
12 146 (6.00%) Software Developer
13 121 (4.97%) Software Test Engineer
14 119 (4.89%) Developer in Test
14 119 (4.89%) Senior Developer
15 115 (4.73%) Software Tester
16 111 (4.56%) Test Leader
17 95 (3.90%) Senior Test Engineer
18 90 (3.70%) QA Leader
19 87 (3.58%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 498 (20.47%) .NET
2 417 (17.14%) REST
3 388 (15.95%) React
4 257 (10.56%) HTML
4 257 (10.56%) Node.js
5 254 (10.44%) Web Services
6 230 (9.45%) CSS
7 226 (9.29%) Gherkin
8 215 (8.84%) AngularJS
9 191 (7.85%) .NET Core
10 177 (7.27%) RESTful
11 146 (6.00%) Kafka
12 139 (5.71%) SOAP
13 138 (5.67%) .NET Framework
14 131 (5.38%) Spring
15 120 (4.93%) HTML5
16 118 (4.85%) JSON
17 105 (4.32%) Spring Boot
18 102 (4.19%) XML
19 100 (4.11%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 134 (5.51%) User Experience
2 111 (4.56%) Mobile App
3 108 (4.44%) Self-Motivation
4 70 (2.88%) Greenfield Project
5 36 (1.48%) Algorithms
6 35 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
7 31 (1.27%) Renewable Energy
8 24 (0.99%) Cyberattack
9 21 (0.86%) Management Information System
9 21 (0.86%) Video on Demand
9 21 (0.86%) Virtual Team
10 20 (0.82%) Video\Live Streaming
11 19 (0.78%) Client/Server
11 19 (0.78%) Mainframe
12 17 (0.70%) Hedge funds
13 16 (0.66%) Legacy Systems
14 15 (0.62%) NHS
14 15 (0.62%) Public Cloud
14 15 (0.62%) Social Media
15 14 (0.58%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 142 (5.84%) Linux
2 90 (3.70%) Android
3 83 (3.41%) Windows
4 80 (3.29%) Apple iOS
5 28 (1.15%) Unix
6 26 (1.07%) CentOS
7 25 (1.03%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (0.49%) Windows Server
9 4 (0.16%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.082%) Debian
10 2 (0.082%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.082%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.082%) VMS
11 1 (0.041%) Alpine Linux
11 1 (0.041%) Mesosphere
11 1 (0.041%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,905 (78.30%) Test Automation
2 1,520 (62.47%) Agile Software Development
3 727 (29.88%) Software Testing
4 693 (28.48%) BDD
5 636 (26.14%) DevOps
6 587 (24.13%) TDD
7 456 (18.74%) Scrum
8 404 (16.61%) API Testing
9 395 (16.24%) Continuous Integration
10 370 (15.21%) SDET
11 350 (14.39%) Test Strategy
12 348 (14.30%) Microservices
13 311 (12.78%) Mentoring
14 308 (12.66%) Manual Testing
15 273 (11.22%) Regression Testing
16 272 (11.18%) Software Engineering
17 256 (10.52%) Test Scripting
18 249 (10.23%) SDLC
19 233 (9.58%) Functional Testing
20 221 (9.08%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 998 (41.02%) C#
2 927 (38.10%) Java
3 863 (35.47%) JavaScript
4 602 (24.74%) SQL
5 420 (17.26%) Python
6 191 (7.85%) TypeScript
7 114 (4.69%) PowerShell
8 111 (4.56%) Ruby
9 93 (3.82%) Bash Shell
10 79 (3.25%) Go
11 67 (2.75%) PHP
12 47 (1.93%) Scala
13 42 (1.73%) C
14 41 (1.69%) Java 8
15 38 (1.56%) Groovy
16 32 (1.32%) ES6
17 25 (1.03%) Java 11
17 25 (1.03%) Kotlin
18 23 (0.95%) T-SQL
19 20 (0.82%) ES7
Qualifications
1 250 (10.28%) Degree
2 188 (7.73%) ISTQB
3 135 (5.55%) Security Cleared
4 106 (4.36%) Computer Science Degree
4 106 (4.36%) ISEB
4 106 (4.36%) SC Cleared
5 66 (2.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 40 (1.64%) OCP
6 40 (1.64%) Oracle Certification
7 30 (1.23%) DV Cleared
8 16 (0.66%) SANS
9 11 (0.45%) Sun Certification
10 7 (0.29%) Master's Degree
11 6 (0.25%) ISEB Practitioner
11 6 (0.25%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 4 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
13 3 (0.12%) DBS Check
14 2 (0.082%) BPSS Clearance
14 2 (0.082%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 2 (0.082%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,180 (48.50%) QA
2 78 (3.21%) Accessibility
3 35 (1.44%) SLA
4 26 (1.07%) WCAG
5 8 (0.33%) PSD2
6 5 (0.21%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.082%) SEPA
7 2 (0.082%) WAI
8 1 (0.041%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 390 (16.03%) Docker
2 38 (1.56%) Virtual Machines
3 6 (0.25%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.16%) Firmware
5 2 (0.082%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.082%) KVM
5 2 (0.082%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 378 (15.54%) Kubernetes
2 139 (5.71%) Terraform
3 112 (4.60%) Ansible
4 87 (3.58%) Grafana
5 72 (2.96%) Opscode Chef
6 67 (2.75%) Kibana
7 45 (1.85%) Opsgenie
8 32 (1.32%) Graylog
8 32 (1.32%) Puppet
9 30 (1.23%) Graphite
10 28 (1.15%) HP Quality Center
11 25 (1.03%) logstash
12 21 (0.86%) ZABBIX
13 19 (0.78%) HP ALM
14 16 (0.66%) Istio
15 15 (0.62%) HAProxy
15 15 (0.62%) Pingdom
16 11 (0.45%) MIIS
16 11 (0.45%) Prometheus
17 6 (0.25%) Rancher
Vendors
1 187 (7.69%) Microsoft
2 150 (6.17%) Oracle
3 99 (4.07%) Google
4 58 (2.38%) Atlassian
5 52 (2.14%) Cognizant
6 42 (1.73%) HP
6 42 (1.73%) PayPal
7 34 (1.40%) New Relic
8 29 (1.19%) SAP
9 18 (0.74%) Xamarin
10 17 (0.70%) IBM
11 14 (0.58%) LexisNexis
11 14 (0.58%) Splunk
12 13 (0.53%) Salesforce.com
13 11 (0.45%) Sitecore
13 11 (0.45%) Sun
14 10 (0.41%) VMware
15 7 (0.29%) Databricks
16 6 (0.25%) HubSpot
17 5 (0.21%) Samsung