Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Physics skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Physics over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Physics
UK > England
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 334 339 418
Rank change year-on-year +5 +79 +27
Permanent jobs citing Physics 1,416 1,608 1,318
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.95% 0.96% 0.76%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.04% 1.05% 0.83%
Number of salaries quoted 1,234 1,399 1,255
England median annual salary £50,000 £47,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.38% +17.50% -6.98%
10th Percentile £25,000 £26,250 £24,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £40,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% +12.50% -6.98%

Physics is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 136,402 153,625 159,282
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 91.64% 91.89% 91.26%
Number of salaries quoted 109,205 122,886 133,297
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £29,883 £28,500 £28,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £80,000
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +1.05%

Physics
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Physics as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Physics in England

Physics
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Physics in England.

Salary trend for Physics in England

Physics
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Physics in England over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Physics in England

Physics
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Physics within the England region over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +78 681 £65,000 +8.33% 78
South East +2 321 £47,500 - 72
East of England -74 213 £37,500 -3.85% 66
South West +39 76 £28,000 -9.68% 39
North of England +34 67 £41,388 +19.97% 19
Midlands -17 66 £28,500 -1.72% 13
West Midlands +6 42 £28,250 +2.73% 6
North West +28 40 £50,000 +31.58% 10
East Midlands -14 24 £45,000 +28.57% 7
Yorkshire +34 17 £40,000 +23.08% 2
North East -1 10 £40,000 +77.78% 7
Physics
UK

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT jobs citing Physics also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Physics.

1 1,173 (82.84%) Mathematics
2 935 (66.03%) Computer Science
3 819 (57.84%) Degree
4 553 (39.05%) Python
5 464 (32.77%) C++
6 450 (31.78%) Software Engineering
7 433 (30.58%) Java
8 420 (29.66%) Finance
9 387 (27.33%) SQL
10 386 (27.26%) C#
11 379 (26.77%) PhD
12 319 (22.53%) Machine Learning
13 307 (21.68%) Algorithms
14 262 (18.50%) Computer Science Degree
15 242 (17.09%) Problem-Solving
16 238 (16.81%) Analytics
17 230 (16.24%) Artificial Intelligence
18 229 (16.17%) Data Science
19 228 (16.10%) Agile Software Development
20 225 (15.89%) R
21 223 (15.75%) Analytical Skills
22 190 (13.42%) .NET
23 176 (12.43%) C
24 171 (12.08%) OO
25 168 (11.86%) Data Analysis
26 159 (11.23%) Statistics
26 159 (11.23%) MATLAB
27 156 (11.02%) JavaScript
28 140 (9.89%) Big Data
29 130 (9.18%) Deep Learning

Physics
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (3.81%) Apache Spark
2 29 (2.05%) OpenStack
3 25 (1.77%) SAS
4 15 (1.06%) Apache
5 13 (0.92%) Tomcat
6 9 (0.64%) GlassFish
7 8 (0.56%) Elasticsearch
7 8 (0.56%) SharePoint
8 7 (0.49%) Apache Airflow
8 7 (0.49%) Apache Pig
8 7 (0.49%) CMS
9 6 (0.42%) Luigi
9 6 (0.42%) Tornado
9 6 (0.42%) Umbraco
10 4 (0.28%) Ethereum
11 3 (0.21%) Kinematics
12 2 (0.14%) DNN
12 2 (0.14%) JBoss
12 2 (0.14%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.14%) nginx
Applications
1 42 (2.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (2.47%) GNU Octave
3 20 (1.41%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.92%) Simulink
5 10 (0.71%) SPSS
6 8 (0.56%) MS Visio
7 5 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 4 (0.28%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 6 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.14%) Odoo
3 1 (0.071%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 87 (6.14%) Amazon AWS
2 66 (4.66%) Microsoft Azure
3 35 (2.47%) Cloud Computing
4 31 (2.19%) Google Cloud Platform
5 12 (0.85%) SaaS
6 11 (0.78%) GitHub
7 9 (0.64%) Serverless
8 8 (0.56%) Amazon S3
8 8 (0.56%) AWS Lambda
9 7 (0.49%) PaaS
10 6 (0.42%) Dynamics 365
11 5 (0.35%) Google Analytics
11 5 (0.35%) Google App Engine
12 4 (0.28%) Adobe Analytics
12 4 (0.28%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
13 3 (0.21%) IaaS
14 2 (0.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 1 (0.071%) AdWords
15 1 (0.071%) Amazon EC2
15 1 (0.071%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 21 (1.48%) RS-232
2 20 (1.41%) RS-422
2 20 (1.41%) RS-485
3 19 (1.34%) TCP/IP
4 11 (0.78%) Bluetooth
5 10 (0.71%) BGP
5 10 (0.71%) OSPF
5 10 (0.71%) Wireless
6 9 (0.64%) Firewall
7 7 (0.49%) Ethernet
7 7 (0.49%) RFID
8 6 (0.42%) HTTP
8 6 (0.42%) Network Security
9 4 (0.28%) Internet
9 4 (0.28%) VSAN
10 3 (0.21%) Software-Defined Radio
11 2 (0.14%) LAN
11 2 (0.14%) Multicast
11 2 (0.14%) SMS
11 2 (0.14%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 140 (9.89%) Big Data
2 117 (8.26%) Relational Database
3 114 (8.05%) SQL Server
4 57 (4.03%) NoSQL
5 49 (3.46%) Hadoop
6 47 (3.32%) RDBMS
7 32 (2.26%) Oracle Database
8 28 (1.98%) MySQL
9 24 (1.69%) PostgreSQL
10 19 (1.34%) Apache Hive
10 19 (1.34%) Data Mining
10 19 (1.34%) MongoDB
10 19 (1.34%) Redis
11 14 (0.99%) Blockchain
12 12 (0.85%) Data Warehouse
13 11 (0.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 10 (0.71%) GIS
14 10 (0.71%) KDB
14 10 (0.71%) OLTP
14 10 (0.71%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 89 (6.29%) Git (software)
2 52 (3.67%) Subversion
3 35 (2.47%) LabVIEW
4 32 (2.26%) JIRA
5 22 (1.55%) Gradle
5 22 (1.55%) Selenium
6 19 (1.34%) Jenkins
7 18 (1.27%) Eclipse
8 17 (1.20%) TeamCity
8 17 (1.20%) Visual Studio
9 16 (1.13%) Maven
10 13 (0.92%) Cucumber
11 10 (0.71%) Artifactory
11 10 (0.71%) Gerrit
12 9 (0.64%) GCC
12 9 (0.64%) Sonatype Nexus
13 8 (0.56%) Vagrant
14 6 (0.42%) CMake
15 5 (0.35%) Team Foundation Server
15 5 (0.35%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 420 (29.66%) Finance
2 106 (7.49%) Games
3 79 (5.58%) Banking
4 76 (5.37%) Front Office
5 75 (5.30%) Telecoms
6 69 (4.87%) Electronics
7 48 (3.39%) Manufacturing
8 41 (2.90%) Marketing
9 33 (2.33%) Retail
10 28 (1.98%) Publishing
11 23 (1.62%) Automotive
12 21 (1.48%) Investment Banking
13 20 (1.41%) Military
14 17 (1.20%) Financial Institution
15 16 (1.13%) Advertising
16 13 (0.92%) Retail Banking
17 10 (0.71%) Aerospace
17 10 (0.71%) Law
17 10 (0.71%) Legal
18 8 (0.56%) German Language
Job Titles
1 485 (34.25%) Developer
2 320 (22.60%) Graduate
3 235 (16.60%) Software Engineer
4 149 (10.52%) Analyst
5 135 (9.53%) Graduate Developer
6 128 (9.04%) Data Scientist
7 119 (8.40%) Software Developer
8 104 (7.34%) Junior
9 100 (7.06%) Python Developer
10 96 (6.78%) C# Developer
10 96 (6.78%) Java Developer
11 88 (6.21%) C++ Developer
12 85 (6.00%) Graduate Software Engineer
13 81 (5.72%) Consultant
14 79 (5.58%) Graduate Analyst
15 72 (5.08%) Junior Developer
16 70 (4.94%) Senior Developer
17 52 (3.67%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 44 (3.11%) Graduate Java Developer
19 42 (2.97%) Graduate C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 190 (13.42%) .NET
2 96 (6.78%) Natural Language Processing
3 66 (4.66%) CSS
4 61 (4.31%) HTML
5 58 (4.10%) Web Services
6 54 (3.81%) ASP.NET
7 51 (3.60%) React
8 50 (3.53%) AngularJS
9 44 (3.11%) Pandas
10 41 (2.90%) XML
11 40 (2.82%) J2EE
12 39 (2.75%) TensorFlow
13 37 (2.61%) NumPy
14 34 (2.40%) HTML5
14 34 (2.40%) RESTful
15 32 (2.26%) Node.js
16 30 (2.12%) .NET Framework
16 30 (2.12%) WebSockets
17 29 (2.05%) SciPy
18 28 (1.98%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 307 (21.68%) Algorithms
2 223 (15.75%) Analytical Skills
3 125 (8.83%) Fintech
4 85 (6.00%) Hedge funds
5 76 (5.37%) Data Structures
5 76 (5.37%) Derivative
6 46 (3.25%) User Experience
7 43 (3.04%) Equities
8 38 (2.68%) Greenfield Project
9 35 (2.47%) Optoelectronics
10 34 (2.40%) Embedded Systems
11 33 (2.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 30 (2.12%) Credit Risk
12 30 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
13 27 (1.91%) Analytical Mindset
14 26 (1.84%) Acoustics
15 23 (1.62%) Fixed Income
16 22 (1.55%) CUDA
17 13 (0.92%) Robotics
18 12 (0.85%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 128 (9.04%) Linux
2 72 (5.08%) Windows
3 38 (2.68%) Unix
4 13 (0.92%) Android
5 10 (0.71%) AIX
5 10 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (0.64%) CentOS
6 9 (0.64%) CoreOS
6 9 (0.64%) Robot Operating System
6 9 (0.64%) Ubuntu
6 9 (0.64%) Windows Server
7 7 (0.49%) Embedded Linux
8 5 (0.35%) Apple iOS
8 5 (0.35%) Debian
9 4 (0.28%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.28%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.071%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.071%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,173 (82.84%) Mathematics
2 935 (66.03%) Computer Science
3 450 (31.78%) Software Engineering
4 319 (22.53%) Machine Learning
5 242 (17.09%) Problem-Solving
6 238 (16.81%) Analytics
7 230 (16.24%) Artificial Intelligence
8 229 (16.17%) Data Science
9 228 (16.10%) Agile Software Development
10 171 (12.08%) OO
11 168 (11.86%) Data Analysis
12 159 (11.23%) Statistics
13 130 (9.18%) Deep Learning
14 104 (7.34%) Neural Network
15 99 (6.99%) Multithreading
16 82 (5.79%) SDLC
17 81 (5.72%) DevOps
18 71 (5.01%) Mentoring
19 68 (4.80%) Scrum
20 67 (4.73%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 553 (39.05%) Python
2 464 (32.77%) C++
3 433 (30.58%) Java
4 387 (27.33%) SQL
5 386 (27.26%) C#
6 225 (15.89%) R
7 176 (12.43%) C
8 159 (11.23%) MATLAB
9 156 (11.02%) JavaScript
10 50 (3.53%) Scala
11 34 (2.40%) PHP
12 29 (2.05%) T-SQL
13 28 (1.98%) Go
13 28 (1.98%) TypeScript
14 26 (1.84%) Embedded C
15 24 (1.69%) Ruby
16 23 (1.62%) PL/SQL
16 23 (1.62%) VBA
17 21 (1.48%) Shell Script
18 20 (1.41%) Perl
Qualifications
1 819 (57.84%) Degree
2 379 (26.77%) PhD
3 262 (18.50%) Computer Science Degree
4 96 (6.78%) Numerate Degree
5 65 (4.59%) Master's Degree
6 41 (2.90%) Security Cleared
7 29 (2.05%) SC Cleared
8 22 (1.55%) MPhil
9 8 (0.56%) MBA
10 5 (0.35%) ACCA
10 5 (0.35%) CFA
10 5 (0.35%) CREST Certified
10 5 (0.35%) DV Cleared
10 5 (0.35%) PMI Certification
10 5 (0.35%) Postgraduate
10 5 (0.35%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
11 4 (0.28%) ISTQB
12 3 (0.21%) HND
13 2 (0.14%) CISSP
13 2 (0.14%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (2.40%) QA
2 9 (0.64%) Dodd-Frank
2 9 (0.64%) ECSS
2 9 (0.64%) EMIR
2 9 (0.64%) MiFID
3 6 (0.42%) SLA
4 5 (0.35%) ISO 9001
4 5 (0.35%) JTAG
4 5 (0.35%) PMO
5 3 (0.21%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.14%) GDPR
6 2 (0.14%) IFRS
6 2 (0.14%) IFRS 9
6 2 (0.14%) ISO 13485
7 1 (0.071%) ISO 9000
System Software
1 69 (4.87%) Docker
2 28 (1.98%) Firmware
3 20 (1.41%) Ceph
4 19 (1.34%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.56%) VMware ESXi
6 5 (0.35%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.071%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.071%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 41 (2.90%) Kubernetes
2 26 (1.84%) Ansible
2 26 (1.84%) Puppet
2 26 (1.84%) Terraform
3 16 (1.13%) Consul
4 10 (0.71%) Graphite
5 8 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
5 8 (0.56%) Packer
6 4 (0.28%) Grafana
7 2 (0.14%) HAProxy
7 2 (0.14%) Icinga
7 2 (0.14%) Prometheus
7 2 (0.14%) Riemann
8 1 (0.071%) Docker Swarm
8 1 (0.071%) Mesos
8 1 (0.071%) SCCM
Vendors
1 99 (6.99%) Microsoft
2 67 (4.73%) Oracle
3 32 (2.26%) Google
4 23 (1.62%) Tableau
5 21 (1.48%) Cisco
5 21 (1.48%) Sun
6 19 (1.34%) VMware
7 18 (1.27%) Talend
8 14 (0.99%) Red Hat
9 13 (0.92%) Reuters
10 12 (0.85%) Huawei
11 11 (0.78%) Bloomberg
11 11 (0.78%) NetApp
12 10 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
13 7 (0.49%) Facebook
14 5 (0.35%) RapidMiner
14 5 (0.35%) SAP
15 4 (0.28%) Adobe
15 4 (0.28%) EMC
15 4 (0.28%) IBM