Period
to 17 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Firmware skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Firmware over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Firmware
UK > England
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 540 495 520
Rank change year-on-year -45 +25 +31
Permanent jobs citing Firmware 497 201 716
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 0.46% 0.43% 0.55%
As % of the System Software category 2.48% 2.27% 3.11%
Number of salaries quoted 333 150 505
10th Percentile £33,750 £35,675 £29,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £54,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% +11.11% -
75th Percentile £67,500 £57,500 £57,000
90th Percentile £72,500 £68,875 £70,000
UK median annual salary £53,250 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.50% +11.11% -

Firmware is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 20,026 8,856 22,995
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 18.71% 18.87% 17.54%
Number of salaries quoted 13,779 7,554 19,098
10th Percentile £29,000 £30,825 £25,750
25th Percentile £38,750 £40,500 £33,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +10.00% -
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

Firmware
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Firmware as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Firmware in England

Firmware
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Firmware in England.

Salary trend for Firmware in England

Firmware
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Firmware in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Firmware in England

Firmware
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Firmware within the England region over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -104 112 £45,000 -10.00% 65
North of England -25 108 £55,000 +10.00% 32
East of England -28 105 £55,000 +4.76% 47
Yorkshire -18 92 £55,000 +10.00% 13
London -179 77 £61,250 +16.67% 18
Midlands -76 70 £37,500 -18.92% 23
West Midlands -54 56 £37,500 -16.67% 9
South West -90 33 £60,000 +26.32% 15
North West -75 26 £45,000 +12.50% 15
East Midlands -60 16 £47,500 -5.00% 14
North East -23 10 £45,000 -18.18% 4
Firmware
UK

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT jobs citing Firmware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Firmware.

1 231 (46.48%) C
2 207 (41.65%) C++
3 192 (38.63%) Linux
4 153 (30.78%) Degree
5 144 (28.97%) Electronics
6 137 (27.57%) Software Engineering
7 134 (26.96%) Social Skills
8 110 (22.13%) Validation
9 106 (21.33%) Python
10 97 (19.52%) Wireless
11 95 (19.11%) Wi-Fi
11 95 (19.11%) Windows
12 81 (16.30%) Embedded C
13 80 (16.10%) Computer Science
14 78 (15.69%) EMC
15 76 (15.29%) MATLAB
15 76 (15.29%) Problem-Solving
16 69 (13.88%) Signal Processing
16 69 (13.88%) TCP/IP
17 63 (12.68%) Embedded Linux
17 63 (12.68%) Agile Software Development
18 59 (11.87%) Continuous Integration
19 57 (11.47%) Embedded C++
20 54 (10.87%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
21 53 (10.66%) Broadband
22 52 (10.46%) Bluetooth
22 52 (10.46%) Embedded Systems
22 52 (10.46%) SDLC
22 52 (10.46%) Self-Motivation
23 50 (10.06%) UML

Firmware
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (1.21%) MS Exchange
2 4 (0.80%) IIS
3 3 (0.60%) SharePoint
4 2 (0.40%) Confluence
5 1 (0.20%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (0.20%) Jetty
5 1 (0.20%) NServiceBus
5 1 (0.20%) OpenStack
5 1 (0.20%) WinCC
Applications
1 36 (7.24%) Simulink
2 14 (2.82%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.40%) OrCAD
Business Applications
1 5 (1.01%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 29 (5.84%) AWS
2 23 (4.63%) Azure
3 16 (3.22%) Amazon S3
3 16 (3.22%) Power Platform
4 15 (3.02%) Amazon Cognito
4 15 (3.02%) Amazon EC2
4 15 (3.02%) npm
5 9 (1.81%) Microsoft 365
6 4 (0.80%) GitHub
7 3 (0.60%) Cloud Computing
8 2 (0.40%) Amazon Alexa
9 1 (0.20%) AWS CodePipeline
9 1 (0.20%) AWS IoT
9 1 (0.20%) Azure Service Bus
9 1 (0.20%) GCP
9 1 (0.20%) Mimecast
9 1 (0.20%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 97 (19.52%) Wireless
2 95 (19.11%) Wi-Fi
3 69 (13.88%) TCP/IP
4 53 (10.66%) Broadband
5 52 (10.46%) Bluetooth
6 43 (8.65%) Internet
7 41 (8.25%) Ethernet
8 35 (7.04%) DVB
8 35 (7.04%) MIMO
9 32 (6.44%) Firewall
10 31 (6.24%) MQTT
11 30 (6.04%) VPN
12 21 (4.23%) ZigBee
13 19 (3.82%) DNS
13 19 (3.82%) Software-Defined Radio
14 15 (3.02%) OSPF
15 14 (2.82%) IPsec
15 14 (2.82%) VoIP
16 13 (2.62%) BGP
17 11 (2.21%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (3.22%) Data Lake
1 16 (3.22%) Power BI
2 4 (0.80%) SQL Server
3 3 (0.60%) NoSQL
3 3 (0.60%) PostgreSQL
4 2 (0.40%) InfluxDB
4 2 (0.40%) Redis
4 2 (0.40%) SQL Server 2008
4 2 (0.40%) SQL Server 2019
5 1 (0.20%) Amazon Aurora
5 1 (0.20%) Amazon RDS
5 1 (0.20%) Big Data
5 1 (0.20%) Data Mining
5 1 (0.20%) Data Warehouse
5 1 (0.20%) MySQL
5 1 (0.20%) RDBMS
5 1 (0.20%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 43 (8.65%) Jenkins
2 37 (7.44%) Git (software)
3 35 (7.04%) JIRA
3 35 (7.04%) Subversion
4 34 (6.84%) Rational Rhapsody
5 27 (5.43%) Rational DOORS
6 21 (4.23%) Rational Team Concert
7 15 (3.02%) Babel
7 15 (3.02%) webpack
8 5 (1.01%) LabVIEW
9 4 (0.80%) GitLab
9 4 (0.80%) IDA Disassembler
9 4 (0.80%) Selenium
10 3 (0.60%) Cucumber
11 2 (0.40%) Gerrit
11 2 (0.40%) JMeter
11 2 (0.40%) NetBeans
11 2 (0.40%) Postman
11 2 (0.40%) TestRail
11 2 (0.40%) Visual Studio
General
1 144 (28.97%) Electronics
2 134 (26.96%) Social Skills
3 41 (8.25%) Analytical Skills
4 40 (8.05%) Manufacturing
5 38 (7.65%) Telecoms
6 26 (5.23%) Finance
7 23 (4.63%) Influencing Skills
8 15 (3.02%) Wearables
9 11 (2.21%) Automotive
10 8 (1.61%) Law
11 7 (1.41%) Aerospace
11 7 (1.41%) Military
12 6 (1.21%) Marketing
12 6 (1.21%) Organisational Skills
12 6 (1.21%) Presentation Skills
13 5 (1.01%) Advertising
13 5 (1.01%) iGaming
13 5 (1.01%) Legal
14 4 (0.80%) Inclusion and Diversity
15 3 (0.60%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 137 (27.57%) Embedded Engineer
2 108 (21.73%) Software Engineer
3 82 (16.50%) Embedded Software Engineer
4 81 (16.30%) Embedded C++ Engineer
5 75 (15.09%) Firmware Engineer
6 66 (13.28%) Embedded C Engineer
6 66 (13.28%) Embedded C/C++ Engineer
6 66 (13.28%) Linux Engineer
7 62 (12.47%) C++ Software Engineer
8 60 (12.07%) C Software Engineer
8 60 (12.07%) C/C++ Embedded Software Engineer
8 60 (12.07%) C/C++ Software Engineer
8 60 (12.07%) Embedded C Software Engineer
8 60 (12.07%) Embedded C/C++ Software Engineer
8 60 (12.07%) Embedded C++ Software Engineer
9 55 (11.07%) Embedded Linux Engineer
10 53 (10.66%) Embedded Linux Software Engineer
11 51 (10.26%) Architect
12 48 (9.66%) Developer
13 43 (8.65%) Embedded Firmware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 28 (5.63%) HTML
2 26 (5.23%) CSS
3 24 (4.83%) Yocto
4 20 (4.02%) REST
5 19 (3.82%) TensorFlow
6 16 (3.22%) React
6 16 (3.22%) React Native
6 16 (3.22%) RESTful
7 15 (3.02%) D3.js
7 15 (3.02%) Keras
7 15 (3.02%) NumPy
7 15 (3.02%) Pandas
8 8 (1.61%) .NET
8 8 (1.61%) OpenCV
9 5 (1.01%) 802.1X
10 4 (0.80%) STL
10 4 (0.80%) SVG
10 4 (0.80%) Unity (Game Engine)
10 4 (0.80%) Unreal Engine
10 4 (0.80%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 54 (10.87%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
2 52 (10.46%) Embedded Systems
2 52 (10.46%) Self-Motivation
3 49 (9.86%) Algorithms
4 40 (8.05%) Device Driver
5 30 (6.04%) User Experience
6 25 (5.03%) Robotics
7 22 (4.43%) Data Centre
8 18 (3.62%) Internet of Things
9 17 (3.42%) VHDL
10 16 (3.22%) Home Automation
11 15 (3.02%) 3D Graphics
11 15 (3.02%) Analogue Electronics
12 11 (2.21%) Management Information System
13 10 (2.01%) Smart Meter
14 7 (1.41%) Cyberthreat
15 6 (1.21%) Mobile App
15 6 (1.21%) Virtual Team
16 5 (1.01%) Cyber Defence
16 5 (1.01%) Verilog
Operating Systems
1 192 (38.63%) Linux
2 95 (19.11%) Windows
3 63 (12.68%) Embedded Linux
4 30 (6.04%) Android
5 25 (5.03%) Apple iOS
6 15 (3.02%) Windows Server
7 9 (1.81%) Unix
8 8 (1.61%) Debian
8 8 (1.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 6 (1.21%) CentOS
10 5 (1.01%) Windows Server 2016
11 4 (0.80%) Windows 10
11 4 (0.80%) Windows Server 2019
12 3 (0.60%) Solaris
12 3 (0.60%) VMS
13 2 (0.40%) Ubuntu
13 2 (0.40%) Windows Server 2008
14 1 (0.20%) AIX
14 1 (0.20%) VxWorks
14 1 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 137 (27.57%) Software Engineering
2 110 (22.13%) Validation
3 80 (16.10%) Computer Science
4 76 (15.29%) Problem-Solving
5 69 (13.88%) Signal Processing
6 63 (12.68%) Agile Software Development
7 59 (11.87%) Continuous Integration
8 52 (10.46%) SDLC
9 50 (10.06%) UML
10 45 (9.05%) Stakeholder Management
11 42 (8.45%) Software Architecture
12 39 (7.85%) V-Model
13 37 (7.44%) Configuration Management
14 34 (6.84%) TDD
15 33 (6.64%) Device Driver Development
15 33 (6.64%) Project Management
16 32 (6.44%) Product Management
16 32 (6.44%) SysML
17 31 (6.24%) DevOps
18 30 (6.04%) Requirements Gathering
Programming Languages
1 231 (46.48%) C
2 207 (41.65%) C++
3 106 (21.33%) Python
4 81 (16.30%) Embedded C
5 76 (15.29%) MATLAB
6 57 (11.47%) Embedded C++
7 27 (5.43%) JavaScript
8 23 (4.63%) SQL
9 19 (3.82%) Ada
10 16 (3.22%) Java
11 15 (3.02%) C#
12 11 (2.21%) PowerShell
13 8 (1.61%) Go
14 4 (0.80%) Assembly Language
14 4 (0.80%) Bash Shell
14 4 (0.80%) Perl
15 3 (0.60%) Lua
16 1 (0.20%) Groovy
16 1 (0.20%) Ruby
16 1 (0.20%) Scala
Qualifications
1 153 (30.78%) Degree
2 40 (8.05%) PhD
3 30 (6.04%) Computer Science Degree
4 28 (5.63%) Security Cleared
5 15 (3.02%) Cisco Certification
6 14 (2.82%) CCNA
6 14 (2.82%) CCNP
7 12 (2.41%) SC Cleared
8 10 (2.01%) JNCIA
9 9 (1.81%) Master's Degree
10 6 (1.21%) DV Cleared
10 6 (1.21%) Microsoft Certification
11 4 (0.80%) HNC
12 3 (0.60%) CISM
12 3 (0.60%) CISSP
12 3 (0.60%) HND
12 3 (0.60%) MCSA
12 3 (0.60%) SSCP
13 2 (0.40%) MCP
13 2 (0.40%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (8.45%) MISRA
2 39 (7.85%) Def Stans
3 11 (2.21%) SLA
4 9 (1.81%) QA
5 7 (1.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.80%) IEC 61508
7 3 (0.60%) DO-178B
7 3 (0.60%) GDPR
7 3 (0.60%) NCSC
7 3 (0.60%) PCI DSS
8 2 (0.40%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 2 (0.40%) Accessibility
8 2 (0.40%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.20%) DO-254
9 1 (0.20%) MISRA C
9 1 (0.20%) NIST
9 1 (0.20%) SOC 2
System Software
1 19 (3.82%) Active Directory
1 19 (3.82%) Docker
2 17 (3.42%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (1.61%) VMware ESXi
4 7 (1.41%) Hyper-V
5 5 (1.01%) KVM
5 5 (1.01%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (1.01%) Virtual Servers
5 5 (1.01%) VMware NSX
6 2 (0.40%) BitLocker
6 2 (0.40%) DFS Replication
6 2 (0.40%) vSphere
6 2 (0.40%) XenApp
7 1 (0.20%) NFS
7 1 (0.20%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 13 (2.62%) Ansible
2 8 (1.61%) Grafana
3 7 (1.41%) Prometheus
4 6 (1.21%) ZABBIX
5 5 (1.01%) SCCM
6 4 (0.80%) Kubernetes
7 3 (0.60%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 3 (0.60%) PowerCLI
7 3 (0.60%) Single Sign-On
7 3 (0.60%) Terraform
7 3 (0.60%) vCenter Server
7 3 (0.60%) vRealize
7 3 (0.60%) vRealize Orchestrator
8 2 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
8 2 (0.40%) FortiGate
8 2 (0.40%) Graylog
8 2 (0.40%) Rancher
9 1 (0.20%) McAfee ePO
9 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Intune
9 1 (0.20%) Nagios
Vendors
1 78 (15.69%) EMC
2 41 (8.25%) Instagram
3 35 (7.04%) IBM
4 30 (6.04%) Cisco
5 28 (5.63%) Microsoft
6 22 (4.43%) VMware
7 18 (3.62%) Palo Alto
8 16 (3.22%) HP
9 14 (2.82%) Juniper
10 13 (2.62%) Fortinet
11 11 (2.21%) Meraki
12 8 (1.61%) NetApp
12 8 (1.61%) Red Hat
13 7 (1.41%) Citrix
14 6 (1.21%) ServiceNow
15 5 (1.01%) Apple
15 5 (1.01%) CommVault
15 5 (1.01%) McAfee
15 5 (1.01%) MobileIron
15 5 (1.01%) Remedy