Period
to

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 12 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK > England
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 198 268 282
Rank change year-on-year +70 +14 +61
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 2,810 1,362 673
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.98% 1.35% 1.15%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.32% 3.27% 3.11%
Number of salaries quoted 768 798 540
10th Percentile £40,000 £40,000 £35,000
25th Percentile £48,750 £46,250 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -7.69%
75th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £102,500 £107,625
UK median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% -7.69%

Data Structures is in the General and Transferable Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 65,014 41,714 21,626
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 45.70% 41.24% 37.09%
Number of salaries quoted 30,607 25,598 17,382
10th Percentile £34,500 £33,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,250 £42,500 £42,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £77,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £97,500 £97,500
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Structures as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Structures in England.

Salary trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Structures in England over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the England region over the 6 months to 12 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +37 1,848 £82,500 +3.13% 141
South East +71 293 £55,000 -6.38% 24
Midlands -6 201 £55,000 - 10
North of England +3 198 £56,587 +24.37% 20
East of England +43 169 £45,000 -14.29% 9
West Midlands -56 125 £60,000 +9.09% 8
North West -10 108 £47,500 -5.00% 10
South West -28 77 £50,000 +8.11% 12
East Midlands +38 76 £44,250 -6.84% 2
Yorkshire -37 62 £56,587 +25.75% 7
North East +11 28 £85,000 +112.50% 4
Data Structures
UK

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 1,588 (56.51%) Algorithms
2 1,554 (55.30%) Python
3 1,481 (52.70%) Agile
4 1,323 (47.08%) Java
5 1,269 (45.16%) Software Engineering
6 1,184 (42.14%) JavaScript
7 1,095 (38.97%) SQL
8 1,023 (36.41%) CI/CD
9 1,013 (36.05%) AWS
10 963 (34.27%) Finance
11 912 (32.46%) Degree
12 904 (32.17%) Computer Science
13 802 (28.54%) Microservices
13 802 (28.54%) Data Science
14 797 (28.36%) TDD
15 770 (27.40%) Mentoring
16 716 (25.48%) Serverless
17 701 (24.95%) Azure
18 678 (24.13%) Kubernetes
19 668 (23.77%) Social Skills
20 662 (23.56%) Problem-Solving
21 603 (21.46%) GCP
22 601 (21.39%) HTML
23 589 (20.96%) JIRA
24 557 (19.82%) Computer Science Degree
25 555 (19.75%) React
26 529 (18.83%) Analytics
27 527 (18.75%) DevOps
28 525 (18.68%) CSS
29 519 (18.47%) Google

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 407 (14.48%) Apache Spark
2 166 (5.91%) Apache
3 56 (1.99%) CMS
4 54 (1.92%) Apache Airflow
5 18 (0.64%) Ethereum
6 14 (0.50%) Headless CMS
7 12 (0.43%) SharePoint
8 10 (0.36%) Confluence
9 9 (0.32%) MQSeries
10 8 (0.28%) Jupyter
10 8 (0.28%) nginx
11 7 (0.25%) JBoss
11 7 (0.25%) SAS
11 7 (0.25%) WebLogic
12 5 (0.18%) ArcGIS
13 4 (0.14%) Apache Solr
14 3 (0.11%) Apache Pig
15 2 (0.071%) Apache Pulsar
15 2 (0.071%) Joomla!
15 2 (0.071%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 63 (2.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (0.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 15 (0.53%) Chatbot
5 6 (0.21%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.21%) Pipeline Pilot
5 6 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
6 5 (0.18%) Acrobat
6 5 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 5 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.18%) InDesign
6 5 (0.18%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.11%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 17 (0.60%) Payment Gateway
1 17 (0.60%) Social Studio
2 16 (0.57%) Magento
3 9 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.21%) Adobe Campaign
4 6 (0.21%) Oracle Assets
4 6 (0.21%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 6 (0.21%) Teamcenter
5 5 (0.18%) Elite 3E
5 5 (0.18%) MetaTrader
5 5 (0.18%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 5 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
6 4 (0.14%) Oracle Utilities
6 4 (0.14%) SAP MDM
7 3 (0.11%) Quorum
8 2 (0.071%) iTrent
8 2 (0.071%) Sage 1000
8 2 (0.071%) Sage 200
8 2 (0.071%) thinkFolio
9 1 (0.036%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 1,013 (36.05%) AWS
2 716 (25.48%) Serverless
3 701 (24.95%) Azure
4 603 (21.46%) GCP
5 352 (12.53%) Cloud Functions
6 304 (10.82%) AWS Lambda
7 210 (7.47%) OpenShift
8 161 (5.73%) Google App Engine
9 157 (5.59%) Google Kubernetes Engine
10 156 (5.55%) Snowflake
11 155 (5.52%) Dialogflow
11 155 (5.52%) Google Compute Engine
12 134 (4.77%) GitHub
13 132 (4.70%) SaaS
14 123 (4.38%) Power Platform
15 102 (3.63%) Amazon S3
16 98 (3.49%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 94 (3.35%) Matillion
18 78 (2.78%) Azure DevOps
19 73 (2.60%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 257 (9.15%) Internet
2 40 (1.42%) HTTP
3 16 (0.57%) Broadband
3 16 (0.57%) SMS
4 11 (0.39%) TCP/IP
4 11 (0.39%) VPN
5 8 (0.28%) DNS
5 8 (0.28%) ICMP
6 3 (0.11%) AMQP
6 3 (0.11%) SD-WAN
6 3 (0.11%) WAN
6 3 (0.11%) Wi-Fi
7 2 (0.071%) Bluetooth
7 2 (0.071%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.071%) Modbus
7 2 (0.071%) MQTT
7 2 (0.071%) VoIP
7 2 (0.071%) Wireless
7 2 (0.071%) ZigBee
8 1 (0.036%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 433 (15.41%) SQL Server
2 425 (15.12%) NoSQL
3 286 (10.18%) Data Warehouse
4 282 (10.04%) PostgreSQL
5 273 (9.72%) MySQL
6 268 (9.54%) Relational Database
7 266 (9.47%) Apache Cassandra
8 244 (8.68%) Big Data
9 242 (8.61%) MongoDB
10 239 (8.51%) Data Lake
11 225 (8.01%) BigQuery
12 209 (7.44%) Flink
13 162 (5.77%) Cloud Spanner
14 160 (5.69%) Elasticsearch
15 124 (4.41%) Hadoop
16 121 (4.31%) Power BI
17 111 (3.95%) Star Schema
18 106 (3.77%) Amazon RDS
19 103 (3.67%) Tableau
20 84 (2.99%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 589 (20.96%) JIRA
2 500 (17.79%) Git (software)
3 391 (13.91%) Jenkins
4 317 (11.28%) Gradle
5 235 (8.36%) Maven
6 209 (7.44%) Ant
7 207 (7.37%) Subversion
8 123 (4.38%) GitLab
9 87 (3.10%) Mockito
10 84 (2.99%) webpack
11 69 (2.46%) JUnit
12 65 (2.31%) CircleCI
13 53 (1.89%) Cucumber
14 51 (1.81%) Crashlytics
15 41 (1.46%) gulp
16 39 (1.39%) Postman
16 39 (1.39%) Selenium
17 35 (1.25%) Bitbucket
18 31 (1.10%) Bower
19 25 (0.89%) SoapUI
General
1 963 (34.27%) Finance
2 668 (23.77%) Social Skills
3 396 (14.09%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 394 (14.02%) Analytical Skills
5 388 (13.81%) Manufacturing
6 210 (7.47%) Legal
7 126 (4.48%) Banking
8 124 (4.41%) Marketing
9 112 (3.99%) Games
10 97 (3.45%) Retail
11 92 (3.27%) Public Sector
12 69 (2.46%) Aerospace
13 67 (2.38%) Presentation Skills
14 62 (2.21%) Advertising
15 44 (1.57%) Law
16 43 (1.53%) Pharmaceutical
17 42 (1.49%) Front Office
18 38 (1.35%) Financial Institution
18 38 (1.35%) Telecoms
19 35 (1.25%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 701 (24.95%) Software Engineer
2 549 (19.54%) Developer
3 271 (9.64%) Data Engineer
4 218 (7.76%) Java Engineer
5 215 (7.65%) Senior Software Engineer
6 205 (7.30%) Senior Java Engineer
7 202 (7.19%) Senior Developer
8 195 (6.94%) Analyst
9 174 (6.19%) Cloud Engineer
10 155 (5.52%) GCP Engineer
11 141 (5.02%) Principal Engineer
12 131 (4.66%) Architect
13 92 (3.27%) Full Stack Developer
13 92 (3.27%) Java Developer
14 87 (3.10%) Principal Software Engineer
15 74 (2.63%) Graduate
16 72 (2.56%) Data Analyst
17 65 (2.31%) Salesforce Architect
18 64 (2.28%) Senior Analyst
19 62 (2.21%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 601 (21.39%) HTML
2 555 (19.75%) React
3 525 (18.68%) CSS
4 480 (17.08%) AngularJS
5 367 (13.06%) .NET
6 307 (10.93%) RESTful
7 295 (10.50%) REST
8 272 (9.68%) Vue.js
9 271 (9.64%) HTML5
10 233 (8.29%) Node.js
11 207 (7.37%) ASP.NET
12 205 (7.30%) Kafka
13 196 (6.98%) JDBC
14 192 (6.83%) CSS3
14 192 (6.83%) WinForms
14 192 (6.83%) WPF
15 175 (6.23%) Spring
16 166 (5.91%) JSON
17 158 (5.62%) Apache Beam
18 143 (5.09%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 1,588 (56.51%) Algorithms
2 387 (13.77%) Life Science
3 308 (10.96%) Self-Motivation
4 258 (9.18%) User Experience
5 200 (7.12%) Linux Command Line
6 176 (6.26%) Mobile App
7 157 (5.59%) Legacy Applications
8 112 (3.99%) Cloud Native
9 85 (3.02%) Virtual Team
10 76 (2.70%) Greenfield Project
11 62 (2.21%) Enterprise Software
12 54 (1.92%) Renewable Energy
13 51 (1.81%) Analytical Mindset
14 49 (1.74%) Public Cloud
15 42 (1.49%) IoT
16 41 (1.46%) Hackathon
17 34 (1.21%) Low-Code
18 33 (1.17%) Hedge funds
19 30 (1.07%) Management Information System
20 26 (0.93%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 320 (11.39%) Unix
2 306 (10.89%) Linux
3 88 (3.13%) Android
4 59 (2.10%) Apple iOS
5 33 (1.17%) Windows
6 4 (0.14%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.071%) Alpine Linux
7 2 (0.071%) FreeBSD
7 2 (0.071%) FreeRTOS
8 1 (0.036%) AIX
8 1 (0.036%) CentOS
8 1 (0.036%) HPUX
8 1 (0.036%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.036%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,481 (52.70%) Agile
2 1,269 (45.16%) Software Engineering
3 1,023 (36.41%) CI/CD
4 904 (32.17%) Computer Science
5 802 (28.54%) Data Science
5 802 (28.54%) Microservices
6 797 (28.36%) TDD
7 770 (27.40%) Mentoring
8 662 (23.56%) Problem-Solving
9 529 (18.83%) Analytics
10 527 (18.75%) DevOps
11 508 (18.08%) Artificial Intelligence
12 445 (15.84%) Coaching
13 440 (15.66%) Test Automation
14 437 (15.55%) Data Engineering
15 431 (15.34%) Full Stack Development
16 402 (14.31%) OOP
17 390 (13.88%) Machine Learning
18 380 (13.52%) Risk Management
19 366 (13.02%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1,554 (55.30%) Python
2 1,323 (47.08%) Java
3 1,184 (42.14%) JavaScript
4 1,095 (38.97%) SQL
5 423 (15.05%) C++
6 401 (14.27%) C#
7 340 (12.10%) TypeScript
8 293 (10.43%) C
9 269 (9.57%) Ruby
10 249 (8.86%) PowerShell
11 236 (8.40%) Go
12 222 (7.90%) Perl
12 222 (7.90%) Shell Script
13 216 (7.69%) PHP
14 195 (6.94%) Objective-C
15 158 (5.62%) Scala
16 89 (3.17%) Rust
17 63 (2.24%) R
18 61 (2.17%) Kotlin
19 53 (1.89%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 912 (32.46%) Degree
2 557 (19.82%) Computer Science Degree
3 63 (2.24%) Master's Degree
4 62 (2.21%) Numerate Degree
5 31 (1.10%) AWS Certification
6 23 (0.82%) Security Cleared
7 20 (0.71%) PhD
8 6 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
9 5 (0.18%) HND
9 5 (0.18%) ISEB
9 5 (0.18%) SC Cleared
10 3 (0.11%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.071%) Postgraduate
12 1 (0.036%) HNC
12 1 (0.036%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 291 (10.36%) Accessibility
2 195 (6.94%) Data Quality
3 102 (3.63%) QA
4 44 (1.57%) SLA
5 26 (0.93%) GDPR
6 20 (0.71%) CDISC
7 18 (0.64%) Good Clinical Practice
8 9 (0.32%) PMO
9 3 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.036%) IEC 61131
System Software
1 386 (13.74%) Docker
2 38 (1.35%) Apache Flume
3 11 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
4 8 (0.28%) KVM
5 7 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.071%) HDFS
7 1 (0.036%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 678 (24.13%) Kubernetes
2 122 (4.34%) Terraform
3 47 (1.67%) Prometheus
4 43 (1.53%) Grafana
5 38 (1.35%) Oozie
6 34 (1.21%) Single Sign-On
7 20 (0.71%) Ansible
8 17 (0.60%) Istio
9 15 (0.53%) Kibana
10 10 (0.36%) Puppet
11 4 (0.14%) Hadoop YARN
11 4 (0.14%) Oracle RMAN
11 4 (0.14%) Rancher
12 3 (0.11%) Control-M
13 2 (0.071%) Opscode Chef
13 2 (0.071%) Salt
14 1 (0.036%) logstash
14 1 (0.036%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 519 (18.47%) Google
2 293 (10.43%) Microsoft
3 116 (4.13%) Palantir
4 105 (3.74%) Twitter
5 94 (3.35%) MuleSoft
6 87 (3.10%) Salesforce.com
7 82 (2.92%) Databricks
8 70 (2.49%) SAP
9 61 (2.17%) Oracle
10 54 (1.92%) Sony
11 47 (1.67%) Foundry
11 47 (1.67%) Funding Circle
12 38 (1.35%) Cloudera
13 26 (0.93%) CA Agile Central
14 25 (0.89%) FIS
15 24 (0.85%) Informatica
16 23 (0.82%) Alteryx
16 23 (0.82%) Dell
17 22 (0.78%) Apple
18 21 (0.75%) Sun