Period
to 7 December 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 7 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK > England
6 months to
7 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 343 311 377
Rank change year-on-year -32 +66 -2
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,121 1,515 1,449
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.91% 1.01% 0.86%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.34% 2.55% 2.16%
Number of salaries quoted 827 1,241 1,031
England median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +13.64% -12.00%
10th Percentile £35,943 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £111,250 £95,000 £83,750
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -12.00%

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 47,985 59,380 67,081
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.06% 39.77% 40.02%
Number of salaries quoted 36,853 45,861 50,574
England median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,951 £27,853
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £82,500
UK median annual salary £54,486 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +3.78% +5.00% -

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Structures as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Structures in England.

Salary trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Structures in England over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the England region over the 6 months to 7 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -12 733 £70,000 +3.70% 160
South East -5 102 £55,000 +2.80% 25
North of England +14 94 £65,000 +30.00% 29
Midlands +41 84 £40,000 -11.11% 16
North West +31 81 £65,000 +23.81% 13
East of England +71 73 £62,500 +25.00% 15
West Midlands +31 52 £45,500 +13.75% 8
South West -18 36 £37,500 +4.17% 17
East Midlands +29 32 £37,500 -16.67% 7
Yorkshire -3 12 £52,500 +23.53% 10
North East -2 1 £73,999 +40.95% 6
Data Structures
UK

For the 6 months to 7 December 2019, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 595 (53.08%) Algorithms
2 435 (38.80%) Agile Software Development
3 390 (34.79%) SQL
4 387 (34.52%) Python
5 376 (33.54%) Java
6 337 (30.06%) Computer Science
7 283 (25.25%) Finance
8 271 (24.17%) C#
9 264 (23.55%) Software Engineering
10 252 (22.48%) AWS
11 246 (21.94%) Problem-Solving
12 244 (21.77%) Degree
13 239 (21.32%) JavaScript
14 234 (20.87%) OO
15 213 (19.00%) Analytics
16 200 (17.84%) Big Data
17 198 (17.66%) TDD
18 181 (16.15%) C++
19 178 (15.88%) Analytical Skills
20 160 (14.27%) Azure
21 156 (13.92%) HTML
22 155 (13.83%) Data Modelling
22 155 (13.83%) Mathematics
23 151 (13.47%) Relational Database
24 144 (12.85%) AngularJS
24 144 (12.85%) Scrum
25 139 (12.40%) Data Warehouse
25 139 (12.40%) Docker
26 138 (12.31%) .NET
27 137 (12.22%) Business Intelligence

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 93 (8.30%) Apache Spark
2 24 (2.14%) Apache
3 20 (1.78%) Elasticsearch
4 19 (1.69%) Apache Airflow
5 15 (1.34%) Luigi
6 10 (0.89%) Confluence
7 8 (0.71%) SharePoint
8 7 (0.62%) IIS
8 7 (0.62%) Umbraco
9 5 (0.45%) Apache Pig
9 5 (0.45%) CMS
10 4 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (0.27%) ArcGIS
11 3 (0.27%) Cloud Foundry
11 3 (0.27%) SAS
12 2 (0.18%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.18%) nginx
12 2 (0.18%) Tornado
12 2 (0.18%) WordPress
12 2 (0.18%) Zope
Applications
1 30 (2.68%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (1.61%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.62%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.54%) Simulink
4 6 (0.54%) Stateflow
5 4 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.089%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.089%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.089%) Maya
Business Applications
1 11 (0.98%) Dynamics AX
2 7 (0.62%) Eloqua
3 6 (0.54%) Visualfiles
4 5 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.45%) SAP MDG
5 3 (0.27%) FastStats
5 3 (0.27%) FastStats PeopleStage
5 3 (0.27%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 3 (0.27%) SAP HCM
6 2 (0.18%) Infor CRM
6 2 (0.18%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.18%) SAP BPC
6 2 (0.18%) SAP MDM
6 2 (0.18%) SAP Payroll
7 1 (0.089%) Oracle 11i
7 1 (0.089%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.089%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.089%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.089%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 252 (22.48%) AWS
2 160 (14.27%) Azure
3 60 (5.35%) GCP
4 42 (3.75%) Power Platform
5 41 (3.66%) GitHub
6 28 (2.50%) Amazon S3
7 23 (2.05%) Serverless
8 20 (1.78%) npm
9 18 (1.61%) Cloud Computing
10 17 (1.52%) AWS Lambda
11 16 (1.43%) Amazon EKS
12 15 (1.34%) Amazon SQS
12 15 (1.34%) SaaS
12 15 (1.34%) SuccessFactors
13 14 (1.25%) Amazon EMR
14 13 (1.16%) Amazon ECS
14 13 (1.16%) PaaS
15 12 (1.07%) Heroku
16 11 (0.98%) Amazon EC2
17 8 (0.71%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 32 (2.85%) HTTP
2 11 (0.98%) TCP/IP
3 8 (0.71%) Ethernet
3 8 (0.71%) Internet
4 5 (0.45%) LAN
4 5 (0.45%) WAN
5 3 (0.27%) FlexRay
6 2 (0.18%) tcpdump
6 2 (0.18%) Wireshark
7 1 (0.089%) FTP
7 1 (0.089%) Intranet
7 1 (0.089%) Network Security
7 1 (0.089%) RTMP
7 1 (0.089%) SAN
7 1 (0.089%) Unified Communications
7 1 (0.089%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 200 (17.84%) Big Data
2 151 (13.47%) Relational Database
3 139 (12.40%) Data Warehouse
4 118 (10.53%) NoSQL
5 111 (9.90%) SQL Server
6 86 (7.67%) Hadoop
7 63 (5.62%) MySQL
8 58 (5.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 52 (4.64%) PostgreSQL
10 48 (4.28%) Apache Hive
11 44 (3.93%) MongoDB
11 44 (3.93%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 42 (3.75%) Power BI
13 36 (3.21%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 33 (2.94%) Amazon Redshift
15 24 (2.14%) Amazon Athena
16 23 (2.05%) BigQuery
17 22 (1.96%) RDBMS
18 20 (1.78%) Azure SQL Database
18 20 (1.78%) HBase
Development Applications
1 103 (9.19%) Git (software)
2 65 (5.80%) Jenkins
3 39 (3.48%) Sinon.JS
4 38 (3.39%) Mocha
5 35 (3.12%) webpack
6 34 (3.03%) Jasmine
6 34 (3.03%) Selenium
7 33 (2.94%) JIRA
8 28 (2.50%) Grunt
8 28 (2.50%) Karma Test Runner
8 28 (2.50%) Protractor
9 22 (1.96%) gulp
10 21 (1.87%) Maven
10 21 (1.87%) TeamCity
11 20 (1.78%) Visual Studio
12 16 (1.43%) Team Foundation Server
13 14 (1.25%) Subversion
14 13 (1.16%) PHPUnit
15 12 (1.07%) JUnit
15 12 (1.07%) SpecFlow
General
1 283 (25.25%) Finance
2 73 (6.51%) Games
3 68 (6.07%) Banking
4 62 (5.53%) Front Office
5 37 (3.30%) Legal
6 36 (3.21%) Marketing
7 29 (2.59%) Retail
8 19 (1.69%) Investment Banking
9 16 (1.43%) Manufacturing
10 14 (1.25%) Law
11 13 (1.16%) Public Sector
12 11 (0.98%) General Ledger
12 11 (0.98%) Telecoms
13 9 (0.80%) Electronics
14 7 (0.62%) Automotive
14 7 (0.62%) Financial Institution
15 5 (0.45%) Advertising
15 5 (0.45%) Back Office
15 5 (0.45%) Digital Economy
15 5 (0.45%) German Language
Job Titles
1 563 (50.22%) Developer
2 176 (15.70%) Java Developer
3 141 (12.58%) C# Developer
4 135 (12.04%) Analyst
5 110 (9.81%) Data Engineer
6 109 (9.72%) Senior Developer
7 80 (7.14%) Software Engineer
8 78 (6.96%) Python Developer
9 72 (6.42%) C++ Developer
10 58 (5.17%) Architect
11 56 (5.00%) Junior
12 55 (4.91%) Data Analyst
12 55 (4.91%) Graduate
13 53 (4.73%) C++/C# Developer
13 53 (4.73%) C++/Java Developer
13 53 (4.73%) Graduate Developer
13 53 (4.73%) Java Developer - Fintech
14 51 (4.55%) Junior Developer
15 50 (4.46%) Graduate C# Developer
16 49 (4.37%) Python Developer - Fintech
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 156 (13.92%) HTML
2 144 (12.85%) AngularJS
3 138 (12.31%) .NET
4 137 (12.22%) REST
5 136 (12.13%) CSS
6 127 (11.33%) React
7 107 (9.55%) HTML5
8 92 (8.21%) Node.js
9 63 (5.62%) RESTful
10 59 (5.26%) Pandas
11 54 (4.82%) Gherkin
11 54 (4.82%) Web Services
12 50 (4.46%) CSS3
13 48 (4.28%) Kafka
14 44 (3.93%) JSON
15 43 (3.84%) Chai
15 43 (3.84%) Redux
16 39 (3.48%) XML
17 38 (3.39%) NumPy
18 37 (3.30%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 595 (53.08%) Algorithms
2 178 (15.88%) Analytical Skills
3 135 (12.04%) User Experience
4 98 (8.74%) Derivative
5 94 (8.39%) Hedge funds
6 48 (4.28%) Fixed Income
7 46 (4.10%) Management Information System
8 43 (3.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 36 (3.21%) Self-Motivation
10 34 (3.03%) Greenfield Project
10 34 (3.03%) Virtual Team
11 33 (2.94%) Linux Command Line
12 28 (2.50%) Equity Derivative
12 28 (2.50%) Online Gambling
13 24 (2.14%) Equities
13 24 (2.14%) Public Cloud
14 20 (1.78%) Mobile App
15 12 (1.07%) Grid Computing
16 10 (0.89%) Enterprise Software
17 8 (0.71%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 130 (11.60%) Linux
2 58 (5.17%) Unix
3 39 (3.48%) Windows
4 22 (1.96%) Android
5 9 (0.80%) Windows Server
6 5 (0.45%) Apple iOS
6 5 (0.45%) Embedded Linux
7 3 (0.27%) CentOS
7 3 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.18%) Windows 7
8 2 (0.18%) Windows XP
9 1 (0.089%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 435 (38.80%) Agile Software Development
2 337 (30.06%) Computer Science
3 264 (23.55%) Software Engineering
4 246 (21.94%) Problem-Solving
5 234 (20.87%) OO
6 213 (19.00%) Analytics
7 198 (17.66%) TDD
8 155 (13.83%) Data Modelling
8 155 (13.83%) Mathematics
9 144 (12.85%) Scrum
10 137 (12.22%) Business Intelligence
11 119 (10.62%) DevOps
12 109 (9.72%) ETL
13 108 (9.63%) Machine Learning
14 107 (9.55%) Fintech
15 106 (9.46%) OOP
16 105 (9.37%) Microservices
17 103 (9.19%) Continuous Integration
17 103 (9.19%) Multithreading
18 99 (8.83%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 390 (34.79%) SQL
2 387 (34.52%) Python
3 376 (33.54%) Java
4 271 (24.17%) C#
5 239 (21.32%) JavaScript
6 181 (16.15%) C++
7 115 (10.26%) Scala
8 78 (6.96%) TypeScript
9 70 (6.24%) R
10 58 (5.17%) Java 8
11 57 (5.08%) PHP
12 52 (4.64%) ES6
13 47 (4.19%) C
14 46 (4.10%) Kotlin
15 39 (3.48%) Go
16 34 (3.03%) Bash Shell
17 32 (2.85%) T-SQL
18 31 (2.77%) PowerShell
19 26 (2.32%) F#
20 17 (1.52%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 244 (21.77%) Degree
2 62 (5.53%) Computer Science Degree
3 33 (2.94%) Master's Degree
4 32 (2.85%) PhD
5 22 (1.96%) Security Cleared
6 18 (1.61%) SC Cleared
7 9 (0.80%) Numerate Degree
8 5 (0.45%) DBS Check
9 4 (0.36%) DV Cleared
10 2 (0.18%) MCDBA
10 2 (0.18%) MCITP
10 2 (0.18%) MCTS
10 2 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.089%) MCIPD
11 1 (0.089%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 85 (7.58%) Data Quality
2 63 (5.62%) QA
3 18 (1.61%) GDPR
4 6 (0.54%) WAI
5 3 (0.27%) CDISC
5 3 (0.27%) HL7
5 3 (0.27%) ISO 26262
5 3 (0.27%) MISRA
6 2 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.18%) NIST
7 1 (0.089%) Solvency II
System Software
1 139 (12.40%) Docker
2 18 (1.61%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.54%) GridGain
4 5 (0.45%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.18%) HDFS
5 2 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.089%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 117 (10.44%) Kubernetes
2 46 (4.10%) Terraform
3 22 (1.96%) Ansible
4 19 (1.69%) Consul
5 17 (1.52%) Oozie
6 10 (0.89%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (0.89%) Puppet
7 2 (0.18%) Grafana
7 2 (0.18%) Packer
8 1 (0.089%) Data Guard
8 1 (0.089%) Kibana
8 1 (0.089%) logstash
8 1 (0.089%) Salt
8 1 (0.089%) StatsD
Vendors
1 97 (8.65%) Microsoft
2 74 (6.60%) Google
3 65 (5.80%) Oracle
4 43 (3.84%) Tableau
5 39 (3.48%) SAP
6 33 (2.94%) WorldPay
7 28 (2.50%) Informatica
8 20 (1.78%) Talend
9 14 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
10 13 (1.16%) IBM
11 10 (0.89%) Charles River
12 8 (0.71%) Cognos
12 8 (0.71%) MicroStrategy
13 5 (0.45%) Apple
13 5 (0.45%) Cloudera
13 5 (0.45%) Marketo
13 5 (0.45%) Pardot
13 5 (0.45%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
14 4 (0.36%) Alteryx
14 4 (0.36%) Facebook