Period
to 22 September 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK > England
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 352 333 350
Rank change year-on-year -19 +17 +72
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,151 1,553 1,595
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 0.90% 1.00% 0.96%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.28% 2.53% 2.37%
Number of salaries quoted 847 1,201 1,154
England median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -8.33%
10th Percentile £35,500 £34,000 £32,150
90th Percentile £106,250 £95,000 £83,375
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -8.33%

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 50,413 61,393 67,337
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.22% 39.54% 40.58%
Number of salaries quoted 38,024 47,261 50,325
England median annual salary £53,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.90% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £29,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +5.00% -

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Structures as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Structures in England.

Salary trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Structures in England over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the England region over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -18 719 £72,500 +7.41% 142
South East +32 137 £55,000 +10.00% 26
North of England +10 126 £55,000 +18.28% 17
North West +38 97 £65,000 +36.84% 13
Midlands +8 64 £37,500 -16.67% 20
East of England +28 58 £75,000 +36.36% 12
South West -41 44 £35,000 -6.67% 18
East Midlands +14 39 £37,500 -16.67% 12
Yorkshire +6 27 £45,000 - 4
West Midlands +24 25 £50,000 +11.11% 8
North East 0 2 £52,500 -
Data Structures
UK

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 652 (56.65%) Algorithms
2 472 (41.01%) Agile Software Development
3 445 (38.66%) SQL
4 389 (33.80%) Java
5 375 (32.58%) Python
6 347 (30.15%) Computer Science
7 286 (24.85%) Degree
8 279 (24.24%) Finance
9 263 (22.85%) C#
10 260 (22.59%) JavaScript
11 259 (22.50%) Software Engineering
12 250 (21.72%) AWS
13 246 (21.37%) OO
14 235 (20.42%) Analytics
15 233 (20.24%) Problem-Solving
16 195 (16.94%) C++
17 188 (16.33%) Mathematics
18 187 (16.25%) Big Data
19 182 (15.81%) Azure
19 182 (15.81%) TDD
20 178 (15.46%) HTML
21 172 (14.94%) Analytical Skills
22 169 (14.68%) Data Modelling
23 164 (14.25%) User Experience
24 162 (14.07%) SQL Server
24 162 (14.07%) CSS
25 156 (13.55%) Scrum
26 152 (13.21%) Business Intelligence
27 148 (12.86%) Docker
27 148 (12.86%) AngularJS

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (8.95%) Apache Spark
2 23 (2.00%) Apache
3 21 (1.82%) IIS
3 21 (1.82%) Umbraco
4 20 (1.74%) Elasticsearch
5 13 (1.13%) Apache Pig
5 13 (1.13%) SharePoint
6 11 (0.96%) Apache Airflow
6 11 (0.96%) nginx
7 8 (0.70%) Luigi
8 5 (0.43%) Confluence
9 4 (0.35%) CMS
9 4 (0.35%) SAS
9 4 (0.35%) Tornado
9 4 (0.35%) Zope
10 3 (0.26%) ArcGIS
10 3 (0.26%) SugarCRM
10 3 (0.26%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.17%) Jupyter
11 2 (0.17%) WordPress
Applications
1 37 (3.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (1.22%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.96%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.70%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.35%) Simulink
5 4 (0.35%) Stateflow
6 1 (0.087%) Chatbot
6 1 (0.087%) InfoPath
6 1 (0.087%) Maya
6 1 (0.087%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.087%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.70%) SAP S/4HANA
2 7 (0.61%) SAP BPC
3 6 (0.52%) Dynamics AX
3 6 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.52%) Visualfiles
4 5 (0.43%) FastStats
5 4 (0.35%) FastStats PeopleStage
5 4 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
5 4 (0.35%) SAP GTS
6 3 (0.26%) Infor CRM
6 3 (0.26%) NetSuite
6 3 (0.26%) SAP HCM
7 2 (0.17%) Eloqua
7 2 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
7 2 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.17%) SAP Payroll
8 1 (0.087%) Raiser's Edge
8 1 (0.087%) SAP HR
8 1 (0.087%) SAP MDG
8 1 (0.087%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 250 (21.72%) AWS
2 182 (15.81%) Azure
3 54 (4.69%) GCP
4 45 (3.91%) Power Platform
5 39 (3.39%) GitHub
6 35 (3.04%) Cloud Computing
7 25 (2.17%) Amazon S3
8 20 (1.74%) SaaS
9 14 (1.22%) Amazon EC2
10 13 (1.13%) Amazon ECS
10 13 (1.13%) PaaS
10 13 (1.13%) Serverless
11 11 (0.96%) Amazon EKS
11 11 (0.96%) SuccessFactors
12 10 (0.87%) Amazon EMR
12 10 (0.87%) Amazon SQS
12 10 (0.87%) Dynamics 365
13 9 (0.78%) AWS Lambda
14 8 (0.70%) AWS CloudFormation
15 7 (0.61%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 34 (2.95%) HTTP
2 24 (2.09%) Broadband
3 14 (1.22%) TCP/IP
4 6 (0.52%) Internet
5 5 (0.43%) LAN
5 5 (0.43%) WAN
6 4 (0.35%) Ethernet
7 2 (0.17%) FlexRay
8 1 (0.087%) FTP
8 1 (0.087%) Intranet
8 1 (0.087%) Network Security
8 1 (0.087%) Unified Communications
8 1 (0.087%) VoIP
8 1 (0.087%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 187 (16.25%) Big Data
2 162 (14.07%) SQL Server
3 138 (11.99%) NoSQL
4 136 (11.82%) Relational Database
5 126 (10.95%) Data Warehouse
6 114 (9.90%) Hadoop
7 67 (5.82%) MySQL
8 62 (5.39%) MongoDB
9 57 (4.95%) Apache Hive
10 56 (4.87%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 54 (4.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 45 (3.91%) Power BI
13 38 (3.30%) PostgreSQL
14 36 (3.13%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 28 (2.43%) RDBMS
16 22 (1.91%) Azure SQL Database
17 19 (1.65%) Blockchain
18 18 (1.56%) Data Mining
19 16 (1.39%) Oracle Database
19 16 (1.39%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 123 (10.69%) Git (software)
2 72 (6.26%) Jenkins
3 46 (4.00%) Mocha
3 46 (4.00%) Selenium
4 36 (3.13%) TeamCity
5 35 (3.04%) Jasmine
5 35 (3.04%) Sinon.JS
6 34 (2.95%) Karma Test Runner
6 34 (2.95%) Protractor
7 28 (2.43%) JIRA
8 23 (2.00%) Grunt
8 23 (2.00%) webpack
9 21 (1.82%) Maven
9 21 (1.82%) Subversion
10 18 (1.56%) gulp
11 17 (1.48%) Visual Studio
12 16 (1.39%) SpecFlow
13 14 (1.22%) JUnit
13 14 (1.22%) Team Foundation Server
14 12 (1.04%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 279 (24.24%) Finance
2 81 (7.04%) Games
3 71 (6.17%) Banking
4 59 (5.13%) Front Office
5 36 (3.13%) Marketing
6 31 (2.69%) Manufacturing
7 27 (2.35%) Retail
8 25 (2.17%) Investment Banking
9 18 (1.56%) Legal
10 17 (1.48%) Public Sector
11 16 (1.39%) Telecoms
12 12 (1.04%) Electronics
13 11 (0.96%) Advertising
14 10 (0.87%) Financial Institution
15 8 (0.70%) Law
16 6 (0.52%) General Ledger
17 5 (0.43%) Automotive
17 5 (0.43%) Back Office
18 4 (0.35%) Aerospace
18 4 (0.35%) German Language
Job Titles
1 570 (49.52%) Developer
2 169 (14.68%) Java Developer
3 143 (12.42%) C# Developer
4 116 (10.08%) Software Engineer
5 111 (9.64%) Analyst
6 109 (9.47%) Senior Developer
7 100 (8.69%) Data Engineer
8 71 (6.17%) Python Developer
9 60 (5.21%) C++ Developer
10 54 (4.69%) Architect
11 47 (4.08%) Junior
12 45 (3.91%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 42 (3.65%) Graduate
14 41 (3.56%) C++/C# Developer
14 41 (3.56%) C++/Java Developer
14 41 (3.56%) Graduate Developer
14 41 (3.56%) React Developer
15 40 (3.48%) Junior Developer
16 39 (3.39%) Graduate C# Developer
17 38 (3.30%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 178 (15.46%) HTML
2 162 (14.07%) CSS
3 148 (12.86%) AngularJS
4 144 (12.51%) .NET
5 131 (11.38%) React
6 127 (11.03%) REST
7 103 (8.95%) HTML5
8 84 (7.30%) RESTful
9 79 (6.86%) Node.js
10 63 (5.47%) Web Services
11 59 (5.13%) CSS3
12 57 (4.95%) Gherkin
13 52 (4.52%) Pandas
14 50 (4.34%) Redux
15 44 (3.82%) Kafka
16 42 (3.65%) Spring
17 41 (3.56%) GraphQL
18 39 (3.39%) Jest
19 38 (3.30%) ASP.NET
20 36 (3.13%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 652 (56.65%) Algorithms
2 172 (14.94%) Analytical Skills
3 164 (14.25%) User Experience
4 97 (8.43%) Hedge funds
5 78 (6.78%) Derivative
6 63 (5.47%) Fixed Income
7 51 (4.43%) Greenfield Project
8 47 (4.08%) Management Information System
9 40 (3.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 39 (3.39%) Online Gambling
11 36 (3.13%) Equities
12 35 (3.04%) Self-Motivation
13 30 (2.61%) Virtual Team
14 28 (2.43%) Equity Derivative
14 28 (2.43%) Linux Command Line
15 24 (2.09%) Robotics
16 23 (2.00%) Enterprise Software
17 20 (1.74%) Public Cloud
18 15 (1.30%) Client/Server
19 12 (1.04%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 134 (11.64%) Linux
2 70 (6.08%) Unix
3 58 (5.04%) Windows
4 26 (2.26%) Android
5 21 (1.82%) Windows Server
6 7 (0.61%) Apple iOS
7 5 (0.43%) Embedded Linux
8 3 (0.26%) Solaris
9 2 (0.17%) CentOS
9 2 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.17%) Windows 7
9 2 (0.17%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 472 (41.01%) Agile Software Development
2 347 (30.15%) Computer Science
3 259 (22.50%) Software Engineering
4 246 (21.37%) OO
5 235 (20.42%) Analytics
6 233 (20.24%) Problem-Solving
7 188 (16.33%) Mathematics
8 182 (15.81%) TDD
9 169 (14.68%) Data Modelling
10 156 (13.55%) Scrum
11 152 (13.21%) Business Intelligence
12 143 (12.42%) DevOps
13 131 (11.38%) Machine Learning
14 127 (11.03%) Microservices
15 124 (10.77%) ETL
16 120 (10.43%) OOD
17 114 (9.90%) Unit Testing
18 110 (9.56%) Test Automation
19 109 (9.47%) Decision-Making
20 107 (9.30%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 445 (38.66%) SQL
2 389 (33.80%) Java
3 375 (32.58%) Python
4 263 (22.85%) C#
5 260 (22.59%) JavaScript
6 195 (16.94%) C++
7 94 (8.17%) TypeScript
8 92 (7.99%) Scala
9 63 (5.47%) ES6
10 59 (5.13%) PHP
11 56 (4.87%) Go
12 54 (4.69%) R
13 49 (4.26%) C
14 46 (4.00%) Kotlin
15 45 (3.91%) Java 8
16 37 (3.21%) T-SQL
17 31 (2.69%) Bash Shell
17 31 (2.69%) PowerShell
18 28 (2.43%) F#
19 22 (1.91%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 286 (24.85%) Degree
2 77 (6.69%) Computer Science Degree
3 36 (3.13%) Master's Degree
4 25 (2.17%) PhD
5 24 (2.09%) Security Cleared
6 23 (2.00%) SC Cleared
7 7 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.26%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.17%) Postgraduate
10 1 (0.087%) A+ Certification
10 1 (0.087%) CompTIA Security+
10 1 (0.087%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.087%) IIBA
10 1 (0.087%) Network+ Certification
10 1 (0.087%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (4.60%) Data Quality
2 52 (4.52%) QA
3 21 (1.82%) WAI
4 20 (1.74%) GDPR
5 2 (0.17%) ISO 26262
5 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.17%) MISRA
5 2 (0.17%) NIST
5 2 (0.17%) SLA
6 1 (0.087%) PMO
6 1 (0.087%) Solvency II
System Software
1 148 (12.86%) Docker
2 13 (1.13%) HDFS
3 11 (0.96%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.35%) Apache Flume
4 4 (0.35%) GridGain
5 2 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.087%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 113 (9.82%) Kubernetes
2 42 (3.65%) Terraform
3 28 (2.43%) Ansible
4 15 (1.30%) Consul
5 11 (0.96%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (0.87%) Puppet
7 8 (0.70%) Oozie
8 2 (0.17%) Grafana
8 2 (0.17%) Kibana
8 2 (0.17%) Packer
9 1 (0.087%) Data Guard
9 1 (0.087%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.087%) Salt
Vendors
1 119 (10.34%) Microsoft
2 79 (6.86%) Oracle
3 63 (5.47%) Google
4 54 (4.69%) Tableau
5 50 (4.34%) SAP
6 23 (2.00%) Informatica
6 23 (2.00%) WorldPay
7 18 (1.56%) Cloudera
8 16 (1.39%) Talend
9 13 (1.13%) Cypress Semiconductor
10 12 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
11 11 (0.96%) MicroStrategy
11 11 (0.96%) Netezza
12 9 (0.78%) Snowplow
13 8 (0.70%) Charles River
13 8 (0.70%) IBM
13 8 (0.70%) Sybase
14 5 (0.43%) Apple
15 4 (0.35%) Ab Initio
15 4 (0.35%) VMware