Period
to 11 April 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 11 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK > England
6 months to
11 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 249 300 306
Rank change year-on-year +51 +6 +67
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 962 1,108 1,481
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.30% 1.06% 1.07%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.29% 2.72% 2.71%
Number of salaries quoted 670 876 1,147
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,250 £37,250
25th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £90,000 £80,000 £78,750
90th Percentile £102,500 £100,000 £92,500
UK median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £62,500

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 29,273 40,707 54,628
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 39.65% 38.85% 39.60%
Number of salaries quoted 21,296 31,834 42,131
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,215 £29,750
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £76,250 £75,000 £72,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Structures as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Structures in England.

Salary trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Structures in England over the 6 months to 11 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the England region over the 6 months to 11 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +29 534 £80,000 +18.52% 150
North of England +37 131 £50,000 - 26
South East +122 109 £57,500 +4.55% 24
South West +32 75 £50,000 +11.11% 5
Yorkshire +60 67 £50,000 +5.26% 15
Midlands +18 66 £55,000 +29.41% 15
West Midlands +36 57 £55,000 +22.22% 11
North West +3 51 £52,500 +5.00% 11
East of England +47 40 £55,000 +23.23% 4
North East +8 13 £37,250 -49.66%
East Midlands +1 9 £45,000 +20.00% 4
Data Structures
UK

For the 6 months to 11 April 2021, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 443 (46.05%) Algorithms
2 407 (42.31%) Java
3 380 (39.50%) Python
4 328 (34.10%) SQL
5 285 (29.63%) Software Engineering
6 271 (28.17%) Agile Software Development
7 248 (25.78%) JavaScript
8 222 (23.08%) Finance
9 208 (21.62%) OO
10 206 (21.41%) Computer Science
11 193 (20.06%) Degree
12 185 (19.23%) C#
13 151 (15.70%) Business Intelligence
13 151 (15.70%) Problem-Solving
14 150 (15.59%) AWS
15 149 (15.49%) Microsoft
16 143 (14.86%) Data Science
17 139 (14.45%) Oracle
18 135 (14.03%) Azure
19 134 (13.93%) CSS
20 132 (13.72%) C++
20 132 (13.72%) Analytics
21 130 (13.51%) Java 8
22 129 (13.41%) ETL
23 127 (13.20%) Docker
24 124 (12.89%) Analytical Skills
24 124 (12.89%) Fintech
25 123 (12.79%) HTML
26 121 (12.58%) OOP
27 119 (12.37%) Power Platform

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (3.33%) Apache Spark
2 18 (1.87%) Apache Airflow
3 16 (1.66%) Elasticsearch
4 12 (1.25%) Confluence
5 11 (1.14%) Apache
6 8 (0.83%) Tornado
7 7 (0.73%) Luigi
8 5 (0.52%) SAS
8 5 (0.52%) Tomcat
8 5 (0.52%) WebSphere
9 4 (0.42%) GlassFish
9 4 (0.42%) WebLogic
10 3 (0.31%) Gunicorn
10 3 (0.31%) IIS
11 2 (0.21%) BizTalk Server
11 2 (0.21%) CMS
11 2 (0.21%) Ethereum
11 2 (0.21%) nginx
12 1 (0.10%) JBoss
12 1 (0.10%) SharePoint
Applications
1 42 (4.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (1.66%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.42%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.10%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 7 (0.73%) Magento
2 6 (0.62%) Shopify
2 6 (0.62%) Visualfiles
3 4 (0.42%) Dynamics GP
4 3 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.10%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.10%) Quorum
6 1 (0.10%) Sage CRM
6 1 (0.10%) Sage X3
6 1 (0.10%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 150 (15.59%) AWS
2 135 (14.03%) Azure
3 119 (12.37%) Power Platform
4 75 (7.80%) SaaS
5 37 (3.85%) GCP
6 31 (3.22%) AWS CloudFormation
7 24 (2.49%) Serverless
8 23 (2.39%) Azure Data Factory
9 22 (2.29%) Cloud Computing
10 16 (1.66%) GitHub
11 11 (1.14%) Amazon S3
11 11 (1.14%) AWS Lambda
12 10 (1.04%) Dynamics 365
13 8 (0.83%) Amazon EC2
14 7 (0.73%) IaaS
14 7 (0.73%) Matillion
14 7 (0.73%) npm
15 5 (0.52%) Amazon EMR
15 5 (0.52%) Apigee
15 5 (0.52%) iPaaS
Communications & Networking
1 46 (4.78%) Internet
2 16 (1.66%) HTTP
3 6 (0.62%) Ethernet
3 6 (0.62%) IMAP
3 6 (0.62%) SMTP
4 5 (0.52%) FlexRay
5 4 (0.42%) HTTPS
6 3 (0.31%) DNS
7 2 (0.21%) Broadband
7 2 (0.21%) TCP/IP
8 1 (0.10%) Firewall
8 1 (0.10%) VoIP
8 1 (0.10%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 118 (12.27%) Power BI
2 112 (11.64%) SQL Server
3 107 (11.12%) Data Warehouse
4 100 (10.40%) Relational Database
5 96 (9.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 92 (9.56%) NoSQL
7 78 (8.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 64 (6.65%) Tableau
9 61 (6.34%) Big Data
10 59 (6.13%) PostgreSQL
11 54 (5.61%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 39 (4.05%) Data Mining
13 28 (2.91%) Hadoop
14 25 (2.60%) Data Lake
15 24 (2.49%) Amazon Redshift
16 23 (2.39%) MongoDB
17 22 (2.29%) MySQL
18 21 (2.18%) Redis
19 14 (1.46%) Apache Cassandra
19 14 (1.46%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 102 (10.60%) Git (software)
2 51 (5.30%) Mercurial
3 50 (5.20%) Subversion
4 36 (3.74%) Jenkins
5 33 (3.43%) JIRA
6 24 (2.49%) GitLab
7 12 (1.25%) Bitbucket
8 11 (1.14%) Maven
9 8 (0.83%) Selenium
9 8 (0.83%) Travis CI
10 6 (0.62%) gulp
10 6 (0.62%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
11 5 (0.52%) CircleCI
11 5 (0.52%) IntelliJ
11 5 (0.52%) TeamCity
11 5 (0.52%) Visual Studio
11 5 (0.52%) webpack
12 4 (0.42%) LoadRunner
12 4 (0.42%) SoapUI
13 3 (0.31%) Cucumber
General
1 222 (23.08%) Finance
2 102 (10.60%) Games
3 42 (4.37%) Front Office
4 32 (3.33%) Banking
5 29 (3.01%) Retail
6 27 (2.81%) Telecoms
7 26 (2.70%) Law
8 25 (2.60%) Manufacturing
9 23 (2.39%) Marketing
10 12 (1.25%) Legal
11 11 (1.14%) Back Office
11 11 (1.14%) Public Sector
12 9 (0.94%) Pharmaceutical
13 8 (0.83%) Advertising
13 8 (0.83%) Electronics
13 8 (0.83%) Financial Institution
14 7 (0.73%) Automotive
14 7 (0.73%) Investment Banking
15 2 (0.21%) Russian Language
16 1 (0.10%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 348 (36.17%) Developer
2 159 (16.53%) Software Engineer
3 111 (11.54%) Java Developer
4 91 (9.46%) Analyst
5 81 (8.42%) Tester
6 77 (8.00%) Java Engineer
6 77 (8.00%) Software Tester
6 77 (8.00%) Trainee
7 76 (7.90%) Games Tester
7 76 (7.90%) Trainee Software Tester
7 76 (7.90%) Trainee Tester
8 71 (7.38%) Java Software Engineer
9 60 (6.24%) Senior Software Engineer
10 56 (5.82%) Data Engineer
11 51 (5.30%) Architect
12 50 (5.20%) Data Analyst
13 47 (4.89%) Senior Developer
14 36 (3.74%) Data Architect
14 36 (3.74%) Software Developer
15 29 (3.01%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 134 (13.93%) CSS
2 123 (12.79%) HTML
3 109 (11.33%) React
4 97 (10.08%) .NET
5 82 (8.52%) HTML5
6 81 (8.42%) CSS3
7 76 (7.90%) Java SE
8 67 (6.96%) REST
9 63 (6.55%) Spring
10 62 (6.44%) Web Services
11 60 (6.24%) .NET Core
12 57 (5.93%) Node.js
13 50 (5.20%) Spring Boot
14 48 (4.99%) AngularJS
15 42 (4.37%) Kafka
16 38 (3.95%) RESTful
17 24 (2.49%) Hibernate
17 24 (2.49%) XML
18 20 (2.08%) Django
19 19 (1.98%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 443 (46.05%) Algorithms
2 124 (12.89%) Analytical Skills
3 53 (5.51%) Data Centre
4 51 (5.30%) Greenfield Project
4 51 (5.30%) Hedge funds
5 43 (4.47%) User Experience
6 37 (3.85%) Public Cloud
7 36 (3.74%) Derivative
8 29 (3.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 28 (2.91%) Management Information System
10 24 (2.49%) Enterprise Software
11 19 (1.98%) Self-Motivation
12 18 (1.87%) Cloud Native
12 18 (1.87%) Fixed Income
13 13 (1.35%) NHS
14 12 (1.25%) Equities
15 11 (1.14%) CMDB
16 10 (1.04%) Analytical Mindset
16 10 (1.04%) Mobile App
17 9 (0.94%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
Operating Systems
1 108 (11.23%) Linux
2 16 (1.66%) Windows
3 15 (1.56%) Unix
4 5 (0.52%) Android
4 5 (0.52%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.21%) Mac OS
5 2 (0.21%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.10%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 285 (29.63%) Software Engineering
2 271 (28.17%) Agile Software Development
3 208 (21.62%) OO
4 206 (21.41%) Computer Science
5 151 (15.70%) Business Intelligence
5 151 (15.70%) Problem-Solving
6 143 (14.86%) Data Science
7 132 (13.72%) Analytics
8 129 (13.41%) ETL
9 124 (12.89%) Fintech
10 121 (12.58%) OOP
11 116 (12.06%) Data Modelling
12 105 (10.91%) Decision-Making
13 99 (10.29%) TDD
13 99 (10.29%) Visualisation
14 98 (10.19%) Software Testing
15 90 (9.36%) Machine Learning
16 86 (8.94%) Microservices
17 84 (8.73%) Data Analysis
18 82 (8.52%) Functional Programming
Programming Languages
1 407 (42.31%) Java
2 380 (39.50%) Python
3 328 (34.10%) SQL
4 248 (25.78%) JavaScript
5 185 (19.23%) C#
6 132 (13.72%) C++
7 130 (13.51%) Java 8
8 84 (8.73%) TypeScript
9 60 (6.24%) Go
10 49 (5.09%) Scala
11 35 (3.64%) R
12 31 (3.22%) T-SQL
13 30 (3.12%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
14 28 (2.91%) C
15 20 (2.08%) Bash Shell
16 15 (1.56%) Kotlin
17 14 (1.46%) VBA
18 12 (1.25%) PHP
19 11 (1.14%) Apex Code
20 10 (1.04%) F#
Qualifications
1 193 (20.06%) Degree
2 82 (8.52%) Computer Science Degree
3 76 (7.90%) CIW
3 76 (7.90%) OCA
3 76 (7.90%) OCP
3 76 (7.90%) Oracle Certification
4 39 (4.05%) Master's Degree
5 33 (3.43%) Security Cleared
6 21 (2.18%) SC Cleared
7 11 (1.14%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.52%) Numerate Degree
9 4 (0.42%) AWS Certification
9 4 (0.42%) ISEB
9 4 (0.42%) ISEB Practitioner
9 4 (0.42%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.21%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 2 (0.21%) PhD
11 1 (0.10%) CompTIA Security+
11 1 (0.10%) HND
11 1 (0.10%) ISACA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (3.01%) Data Quality
2 28 (2.91%) QA
3 10 (1.04%) GDPR
4 5 (0.52%) ISO 26262
4 5 (0.52%) NIST
5 4 (0.42%) GRC
6 3 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.21%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.21%) SLA
8 1 (0.10%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.10%) HL7
8 1 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.10%) SOC 2
System Software
1 127 (13.20%) Docker
2 6 (0.62%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.31%) HDFS
4 2 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
5 1 (0.10%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 111 (11.54%) Kubernetes
2 63 (6.55%) Terraform
3 14 (1.46%) Puppet
4 11 (1.14%) Prometheus
5 7 (0.73%) Ansible
5 7 (0.73%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (0.62%) Kibana
7 3 (0.31%) Istio
8 2 (0.21%) Grafana
8 2 (0.21%) Oozie
9 1 (0.10%) Hadoop YARN
9 1 (0.10%) SCCM
Vendors
1 149 (15.49%) Microsoft
2 139 (14.45%) Oracle
3 50 (5.20%) SAP
4 38 (3.95%) Salesforce.com
5 36 (3.74%) PagerDuty
6 35 (3.64%) Google
7 14 (1.46%) IBM
8 12 (1.25%) Cognos
8 12 (1.25%) ServiceNow
9 10 (1.04%) Informatica
10 9 (0.94%) Databricks
10 9 (0.94%) MuleSoft
11 6 (0.62%) Sage
11 6 (0.62%) WooCommerce
11 6 (0.62%) Xero
12 5 (0.52%) Atlassian
13 4 (0.42%) Alteryx
13 4 (0.42%) Bloomberg
13 4 (0.42%) New Relic
13 4 (0.42%) Teradata