Period
to 22 January 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 22 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 306 358 371
Rank change year-on-year +52 +13 -35
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,490 1,416 1,389
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 1.06% 0.87% 0.84%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.51% 2.14% 2.12%
Number of salaries quoted 1,208 1,061 1,168
England median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% -4.00% +8.70%
10th Percentile £35,250 £36,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £100,000
UK median annual salary £62,500 £58,500 £61,000
% change year-on-year +6.84% -4.10% +6.09%

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 59,311 66,037 65,473
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 42.01% 40.66% 39.73%
Number of salaries quoted 45,864 51,503 53,843
England median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,500 £27,500
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £81,250
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Structures as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Data Structures in England.

Salary trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Histogram in England

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Data Structures in England over the 6 months to 22 January 2019.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the England region over the 6 months to 22 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +57 1,011 £67,500 +3.85% 212
South East +91 165 £53,500 +5.42% 28
North of England +38 137 £52,500 -4.55% 19
North West +35 84 £57,500 - 9
Midlands -14 58 £42,500 -5.56% 15
East of England -20 53 £53,750 -10.42% 19
South West +13 49 £37,500 -14.29% 31
West Midlands +4 39 £40,000 +6.67% 5
Yorkshire -6 31 £42,750 -22.27% 8
North East +28 22 £52,500 +5.00% 2
East Midlands +1 18 £50,000 - 10
Data Structures
UK

For the 6 months to 22 January 2019, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 739 (49.60%) Algorithms
2 663 (44.50%) SQL
3 504 (33.83%) Java
4 503 (33.76%) Python
5 470 (31.54%) Finance
6 455 (30.54%) Agile Software Development
7 399 (26.78%) Computer Science
8 388 (26.04%) C#
9 361 (24.23%) Software Engineering
10 318 (21.34%) Degree
11 279 (18.72%) SQL Server
12 276 (18.52%) Analytical Skills
13 273 (18.32%) Problem-Solving
14 254 (17.05%) OO
15 250 (16.78%) Analytics
16 242 (16.24%) C++
17 237 (15.91%) JavaScript
18 226 (15.17%) Amazon AWS
19 224 (15.03%) Business Intelligence
20 214 (14.36%) Data Modelling
21 210 (14.09%) Linux
22 209 (14.03%) Data Warehouse
23 203 (13.62%) Microsoft
24 194 (13.02%) Relational Database
25 192 (12.89%) NoSQL
26 189 (12.68%) ETL
26 189 (12.68%) Big Data
27 181 (12.15%) Machine Learning
28 179 (12.01%) .NET
28 179 (12.01%) Mathematics

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 129 (8.66%) Apache Spark
2 52 (3.49%) Apache
3 45 (3.02%) Elasticsearch
4 29 (1.95%) SAS
5 17 (1.14%) Confluence
6 16 (1.07%) SharePoint
7 14 (0.94%) WebLogic
8 13 (0.87%) Apache Pig
9 12 (0.81%) CMS
10 10 (0.67%) nginx
10 10 (0.67%) WebSphere
11 8 (0.54%) IIS
12 7 (0.47%) Ethereum
13 6 (0.40%) Sitecore CMS
13 6 (0.40%) Tomcat
14 5 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
14 5 (0.34%) Apache Solr
14 5 (0.34%) MS Exchange
15 4 (0.27%) Cloud Foundry
15 4 (0.27%) Luigi
Applications
1 111 (7.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (2.35%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (2.01%) MS Visio
4 16 (1.07%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.87%) SPSS
6 12 (0.81%) Snapchat
7 2 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.067%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 19 (1.28%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 14 (0.94%) SAP S/4HANA
3 11 (0.74%) SAP CO
3 11 (0.74%) SAP FI
3 11 (0.74%) SAP FI/CO
4 7 (0.47%) Magento
5 6 (0.40%) Cognos TM1
5 6 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
6 5 (0.34%) OpenText VIM for SAP
6 5 (0.34%) SAP SD
6 5 (0.34%) SAP SRM
7 4 (0.27%) SAP BPC
7 4 (0.27%) SunGard GMI
8 3 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
9 2 (0.13%) Cognos Controller
9 2 (0.13%) SAP MDG
9 2 (0.13%) SAP MDM
10 1 (0.067%) BigMachines
10 1 (0.067%) HFM
Cloud Services
1 226 (15.17%) Amazon AWS
2 162 (10.87%) Microsoft Azure
3 52 (3.49%) GitHub
4 47 (3.15%) Google Cloud Platform
5 32 (2.15%) Amazon S3
6 31 (2.08%) SaaS
7 28 (1.88%) Cloud Computing
8 13 (0.87%) Serverless
9 12 (0.81%) Amazon EC2
9 12 (0.81%) Amazon EMR
10 11 (0.74%) npm
11 9 (0.60%) CloudFront
12 8 (0.54%) AWS Lambda
13 7 (0.47%) Trello
14 6 (0.40%) Firebase
15 5 (0.34%) Azure Active Directory
15 5 (0.34%) Boomi
15 5 (0.34%) Dynamics 365
15 5 (0.34%) Force.com
16 4 (0.27%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 28 (1.88%) HTTP
2 19 (1.28%) Internet
3 13 (0.87%) TCP/IP
4 7 (0.47%) Wireless
5 6 (0.40%) Firewall
6 4 (0.27%) IPFS
6 4 (0.27%) SAN
6 4 (0.27%) VPN
7 3 (0.20%) VoIP
8 2 (0.13%) Bluetooth
8 2 (0.13%) Broadband
8 2 (0.13%) IPsec
8 2 (0.13%) Junos
8 2 (0.13%) LAN
8 2 (0.13%) Network Security
8 2 (0.13%) NFC
8 2 (0.13%) SNMP
8 2 (0.13%) WAN
9 1 (0.067%) AMQP
9 1 (0.067%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 279 (18.72%) SQL Server
2 209 (14.03%) Data Warehouse
3 194 (13.02%) Relational Database
4 192 (12.89%) NoSQL
5 189 (12.68%) Big Data
6 124 (8.32%) Power BI
7 122 (8.19%) Hadoop
8 106 (7.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 104 (6.98%) PostgreSQL
10 93 (6.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 92 (6.17%) MySQL
12 66 (4.43%) Apache Hive
13 65 (4.36%) MongoDB
14 60 (4.03%) Apache Cassandra
15 59 (3.96%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 57 (3.83%) RDBMS
17 53 (3.56%) Blockchain
18 46 (3.09%) QlikView
19 44 (2.95%) BusinessObjects
20 41 (2.75%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 176 (11.81%) Git (software)
2 79 (5.30%) Subversion
3 60 (4.03%) Jenkins
4 48 (3.22%) JIRA
5 46 (3.09%) Maven
6 33 (2.21%) JUnit
7 32 (2.15%) Gradle
8 31 (2.08%) Mercurial
9 25 (1.68%) Ant
9 25 (1.68%) Visual Studio
10 12 (0.81%) JMeter
10 12 (0.81%) Mockito
11 11 (0.74%) Selenium
11 11 (0.74%) Team Foundation Server
11 11 (0.74%) webpack
12 9 (0.60%) git-flow
12 9 (0.60%) PhantomJS
12 9 (0.60%) TeamCity
13 8 (0.54%) Bitbucket
13 8 (0.54%) Cucumber
General
1 470 (31.54%) Finance
2 67 (4.50%) Front Office
3 64 (4.30%) Banking
4 60 (4.03%) Marketing
5 55 (3.69%) Retail
6 50 (3.36%) Games
7 29 (1.95%) Law
8 20 (1.34%) Investment Banking
9 15 (1.01%) Digital Economy
10 14 (0.94%) Financial Institution
10 14 (0.94%) Pharmaceutical
11 12 (0.81%) Military
12 11 (0.74%) Manufacturing
13 10 (0.67%) Advertising
14 9 (0.60%) Telecoms
15 8 (0.54%) Back Office
16 7 (0.47%) Electronics
17 6 (0.40%) Legal
18 4 (0.27%) French Language
18 4 (0.27%) German Language
Job Titles
1 688 (46.17%) Developer
2 202 (13.56%) Java Developer
3 190 (12.75%) Software Engineer
4 175 (11.74%) Analyst
5 165 (11.07%) C# Developer
6 141 (9.46%) Data Engineer
7 110 (7.38%) Python Developer
8 95 (6.38%) Architect
9 93 (6.24%) SQL Developer
10 90 (6.04%) Senior Developer
11 88 (5.91%) Data Analyst
12 85 (5.70%) Junior
13 69 (4.63%) C++ Developer
14 67 (4.50%) Junior Developer
15 60 (4.03%) Python Engineer
16 58 (3.89%) Junior C# Developer
17 55 (3.69%) Graduate
18 54 (3.62%) Software Developer
19 51 (3.42%) Graduate Developer
20 50 (3.36%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 179 (12.01%) .NET
2 142 (9.53%) HTML
3 134 (8.99%) CSS
4 119 (7.99%) AngularJS
5 107 (7.18%) RESTful
6 103 (6.91%) Spring
7 98 (6.58%) React
8 91 (6.11%) Web Services
9 90 (6.04%) XML
10 87 (5.84%) JSON
11 83 (5.57%) REST
12 63 (4.23%) Node.js
13 55 (3.69%) ASP.NET
13 55 (3.69%) HTML5
14 50 (3.36%) Kafka
15 39 (2.62%) jQuery
15 39 (2.62%) SOAP
16 33 (2.21%) NumPy
16 33 (2.21%) Pandas
17 30 (2.01%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 739 (49.60%) Algorithms
2 276 (18.52%) Analytical Skills
3 112 (7.52%) Hedge funds
4 109 (7.32%) Derivative
5 102 (6.85%) Fintech
6 83 (5.57%) User Experience
7 57 (3.83%) Self-Motivation
8 53 (3.56%) Management Information System
9 46 (3.09%) Equities
10 45 (3.02%) Greenfield Project
11 43 (2.89%) Equity Derivative
11 43 (2.89%) Fixed Income
12 30 (2.01%) Enterprise Software
13 27 (1.81%) Virtual Team
14 26 (1.74%) Analytical Mindset
15 24 (1.61%) Mobile App
16 22 (1.48%) Blog
17 19 (1.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 18 (1.21%) Credit Derivative
19 16 (1.07%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 210 (14.09%) Linux
2 109 (7.32%) Unix
3 79 (5.30%) Windows
4 36 (2.42%) Android
5 32 (2.15%) Apple iOS
6 7 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (0.27%) Mac OS X
7 4 (0.27%) Windows 10
8 3 (0.20%) Oracle Linux
8 3 (0.20%) Windows 7
8 3 (0.20%) Windows 8
8 3 (0.20%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.13%) Data ONTAP
10 1 (0.067%) DC/OS
10 1 (0.067%) Debian
10 1 (0.067%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.067%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 455 (30.54%) Agile Software Development
2 399 (26.78%) Computer Science
3 361 (24.23%) Software Engineering
4 273 (18.32%) Problem-Solving
5 254 (17.05%) OO
6 250 (16.78%) Analytics
7 224 (15.03%) Business Intelligence
8 214 (14.36%) Data Modelling
9 189 (12.68%) ETL
10 181 (12.15%) Machine Learning
11 179 (12.01%) Mathematics
12 156 (10.47%) Data Management
13 137 (9.19%) Multithreading
14 129 (8.66%) TDD
15 127 (8.52%) Visualisation
16 124 (8.32%) Continuous Integration
17 118 (7.92%) Data Analysis
18 116 (7.79%) Artificial Intelligence
19 110 (7.38%) Decision-Making
20 107 (7.18%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 663 (44.50%) SQL
2 504 (33.83%) Java
3 503 (33.76%) Python
4 388 (26.04%) C#
5 242 (16.24%) C++
6 237 (15.91%) JavaScript
7 134 (8.99%) Scala
8 129 (8.66%) T-SQL
9 110 (7.38%) R
10 76 (5.10%) VBA
11 72 (4.83%) PHP
12 63 (4.23%) Java 8
13 53 (3.56%) Go
14 52 (3.49%) PL/SQL
15 50 (3.36%) Kotlin
16 48 (3.22%) F#
16 48 (3.22%) TypeScript
17 45 (3.02%) C
18 41 (2.75%) Haskell
19 34 (2.28%) ES6
Qualifications
1 318 (21.34%) Degree
2 99 (6.64%) Computer Science Degree
3 29 (1.95%) Microsoft Certification
4 28 (1.88%) PhD
5 27 (1.81%) MCSA
6 26 (1.74%) Security Cleared
7 9 (0.60%) SC Cleared
8 8 (0.54%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.34%) A+ Certification
10 4 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
11 3 (0.20%) IIBA
12 2 (0.13%) ACCA
12 2 (0.13%) CIMA
12 2 (0.13%) PMP
13 1 (0.067%) CISA
13 1 (0.067%) CISM
13 1 (0.067%) CISSP
13 1 (0.067%) ISEB
13 1 (0.067%) MOS
13 1 (0.067%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 109 (7.32%) Data Quality
2 68 (4.56%) QA
3 11 (0.74%) GDPR
4 7 (0.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 5 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 5 (0.34%) MiFID
6 4 (0.27%) EMIR
6 4 (0.27%) FATCA
7 2 (0.13%) ISO 20022
7 2 (0.13%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.13%) SLA
8 1 (0.067%) Solvency II
System Software
1 93 (6.24%) Docker
2 18 (1.21%) HDFS
3 14 (0.94%) Active Directory
3 14 (0.94%) Apache Flume
4 7 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.20%) KVM
6 2 (0.13%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.067%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.067%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 55 (3.69%) Kubernetes
2 31 (2.08%) Ansible
3 19 (1.28%) Salt
4 17 (1.14%) Opscode Chef
5 15 (1.01%) Terraform
6 14 (0.94%) Puppet
7 8 (0.54%) Nagios
8 7 (0.47%) Graylog
8 7 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
9 6 (0.40%) CFEngine
9 6 (0.40%) Graphite
9 6 (0.40%) StatsD
10 5 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
10 5 (0.34%) Packer
10 5 (0.34%) PingFederate
10 5 (0.34%) SCCM
11 4 (0.27%) Consul
12 3 (0.20%) Control-M
13 2 (0.13%) RANCID
13 2 (0.13%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 203 (13.62%) Microsoft
2 141 (9.46%) Oracle
3 106 (7.11%) Tableau
4 64 (4.30%) Google
5 52 (3.49%) SAP
6 42 (2.82%) Salesforce.com
7 39 (2.62%) Cloudera
8 29 (1.95%) Informatica
9 24 (1.61%) Alteryx
10 21 (1.41%) IBM
11 20 (1.34%) Talend
12 19 (1.28%) WorldPay
13 15 (1.01%) Cognos
14 14 (0.94%) Atlassian
14 14 (0.94%) Sybase
15 12 (0.81%) comScore
16 11 (0.74%) Workday
17 10 (0.67%) Citrix
17 10 (0.67%) MapR
17 10 (0.67%) Teradata