Period
to 17 September 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK > England
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 265 273 360
Rank change year-on-year +8 +87 -21
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,418 559 1,183
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.32% 1.19% 0.90%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.27% 3.29% 2.55%
Number of salaries quoted 824 458 869
10th Percentile £40,000 £37,500 £35,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £60,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% -7.69% +8.33%
75th Percentile £90,000 £82,188 £82,500
90th Percentile £106,250 £115,000 £105,000
UK median annual salary £67,500 £60,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +12.50% -7.69% +8.33%

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 43,430 17,010 46,371
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.57% 36.24% 35.36%
Number of salaries quoted 26,416 13,906 35,604
10th Percentile £33,000 £33,000 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £81,250 £80,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £98,750 £102,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £53,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +8.49% +0.95%

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Structures as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Structures in England.

Salary trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Structures in England over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the England region over the 6 months to 17 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +30 912 £80,000 +6.67% 151
Midlands -23 135 £55,000 +37.50% 24
South East -95 128 £60,000 -2.04% 21
North of England -104 123 £47,500 -5.00% 21
West Midlands 0 120 £57,500 +76.92% 17
Yorkshire -96 73 £45,000 -10.00% 8
South West -64 59 £45,000 +5.88% 16
North West -81 48 £55,000 +10.00% 10
East of England -71 45 £48,750 -30.36% 10
East Midlands -68 15 £47,500 +11.76% 7
North East -39 2 £46,500 +3.33% 3
Data Structures
UK

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 776 (54.72%) Algorithms
2 516 (36.39%) Java
3 515 (36.32%) Python
4 480 (33.85%) SQL
5 453 (31.95%) Social Skills
6 452 (31.88%) Software Engineering
7 449 (31.66%) Agile Software Development
8 396 (27.93%) Degree
9 374 (26.38%) Computer Science
10 368 (25.95%) AWS
11 311 (21.93%) Finance
12 310 (21.86%) JavaScript
13 276 (19.46%) OO
14 261 (18.41%) Analytical Skills
15 256 (18.05%) C++
16 242 (17.07%) Azure
17 240 (16.93%) Git (software)
18 239 (16.85%) Analytics
19 229 (16.15%) Problem-Solving
20 228 (16.08%) Business Intelligence
21 212 (14.95%) Docker
22 208 (14.67%) TDD
23 206 (14.53%) Data Science
24 205 (14.46%) React
25 203 (14.32%) Data Warehouse
26 192 (13.54%) Linux
27 185 (13.05%) DevOps
28 181 (12.76%) Microservices
29 174 (12.27%) Computer Science Degree
30 169 (11.92%) Continuous Integration

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (6.91%) Apache Spark
2 50 (3.53%) Apache Airflow
3 39 (2.75%) Elasticsearch
4 33 (2.33%) Confluence
5 30 (2.12%) SAS
6 24 (1.69%) Gunicorn
7 19 (1.34%) Apache
8 18 (1.27%) Tomcat
9 13 (0.92%) CMS
10 12 (0.85%) Luigi
10 12 (0.85%) NServiceBus
11 10 (0.71%) JBoss
12 8 (0.56%) WebSphere
13 7 (0.49%) nginx
14 6 (0.42%) Apache Pig
14 6 (0.42%) Drupal
14 6 (0.42%) Ethereum
14 6 (0.42%) Oracle Workflow
14 6 (0.42%) WordPress
15 5 (0.35%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 38 (2.68%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (1.41%) MS Visio
3 10 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.35%) Sketch
5 2 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.071%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.071%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.071%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.071%) UXPin
6 1 (0.071%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 21 (1.48%) NetSuite
2 9 (0.63%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.56%) Summit
4 4 (0.28%) MetaTrader
4 4 (0.28%) Oracle BRM
5 3 (0.21%) SAP Retail
5 3 (0.21%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.14%) Hyperion Planning
6 2 (0.14%) Magento
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 2 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 2 (0.14%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.14%) SAP R/3
6 2 (0.14%) Shopify
7 1 (0.071%) Dynamics AX
7 1 (0.071%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.071%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.071%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.071%) Scribe Insight
Cloud Services
1 368 (25.95%) AWS
2 242 (17.07%) Azure
3 133 (9.38%) Power Platform
4 91 (6.42%) SaaS
5 82 (5.78%) GCP
6 65 (4.58%) Serverless
7 53 (3.74%) npm
8 50 (3.53%) GitHub
9 49 (3.46%) Snowflake
10 40 (2.82%) AWS CloudFormation
11 39 (2.75%) AWS Lambda
12 38 (2.68%) Amazon S3
13 30 (2.12%) Azure Data Factory
14 29 (2.05%) Amazon EC2
15 27 (1.90%) Amazon EMR
16 20 (1.41%) Azure Synapse Analytics
17 19 (1.34%) Microsoft 365
17 19 (1.34%) PaaS
18 17 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
19 15 (1.06%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 28 (1.97%) HTTP
2 18 (1.27%) Internet
3 12 (0.85%) TCP/IP
4 7 (0.49%) Broadband
5 3 (0.21%) 5G
6 2 (0.14%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.14%) IMAP
6 2 (0.14%) Reverse Proxy
6 2 (0.14%) SMTP
7 1 (0.071%) DNS
7 1 (0.071%) Ethernet
7 1 (0.071%) FlexRay
7 1 (0.071%) Multicast
7 1 (0.071%) Network Security
7 1 (0.071%) Software-Defined Radio
7 1 (0.071%) Unicast
7 1 (0.071%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 203 (14.32%) Data Warehouse
2 161 (11.35%) NoSQL
3 138 (9.73%) Relational Database
4 134 (9.45%) PostgreSQL
5 132 (9.31%) Power BI
6 102 (7.19%) Big Data
7 101 (7.12%) SQL Server
8 77 (5.43%) MongoDB
9 75 (5.29%) MySQL
10 67 (4.72%) Hadoop
11 62 (4.37%) Tableau
12 57 (4.02%) Data Lake
13 54 (3.81%) Metadata
14 52 (3.67%) Data Mining
15 51 (3.60%) Apache Cassandra
16 41 (2.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 35 (2.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 32 (2.26%) Amazon RDS
18 32 (2.26%) Amazon Redshift
18 32 (2.26%) Redis
Development Applications
1 240 (16.93%) Git (software)
2 114 (8.04%) JIRA
3 68 (4.80%) Jenkins
4 63 (4.44%) Subversion
5 58 (4.09%) Mercurial
6 27 (1.90%) GitLab
6 27 (1.90%) webpack
7 23 (1.62%) gulp
8 21 (1.48%) Bower
9 17 (1.20%) Bitbucket
10 16 (1.13%) Cypress.io
11 15 (1.06%) CircleCI
12 13 (0.92%) JMeter
13 12 (0.85%) Sonatype Nexus
13 12 (0.85%) Visual Studio
14 11 (0.78%) JUnit
14 11 (0.78%) Maven
14 11 (0.78%) TeamCity
15 10 (0.71%) Cucumber
15 10 (0.71%) Travis CI
General
1 453 (31.95%) Social Skills
2 311 (21.93%) Finance
3 261 (18.41%) Analytical Skills
4 73 (5.15%) Law
5 67 (4.72%) Games
6 56 (3.95%) Banking
7 53 (3.74%) Front Office
8 51 (3.60%) Retail
9 49 (3.46%) Inclusion and Diversity
10 44 (3.10%) Advertising
11 41 (2.89%) Manufacturing
12 34 (2.40%) Marketing
13 33 (2.33%) Pharmaceutical
13 33 (2.33%) Publishing
14 29 (2.05%) Legal
15 26 (1.83%) Presentation Skills
16 22 (1.55%) Investment Banking
17 19 (1.34%) Organisational Skills
18 16 (1.13%) Automotive
19 15 (1.06%) Russian Language
Job Titles
1 490 (34.56%) Developer
2 219 (15.44%) Software Engineer
3 138 (9.73%) Java Developer
4 127 (8.96%) Analyst
5 117 (8.25%) Data Engineer
6 80 (5.64%) Senior Developer
7 74 (5.22%) Architect
8 66 (4.65%) Java Engineer
8 66 (4.65%) Programmer
9 63 (4.44%) Java Software Engineer
10 62 (4.37%) Senior Software Engineer
11 61 (4.30%) Data Analyst
12 58 (4.09%) Backend Developer
13 55 (3.88%) Full Stack Developer
14 51 (3.60%) Data Architect
14 51 (3.60%) Python Developer
15 41 (2.89%) Senior Data Engineer
16 39 (2.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 37 (2.61%) Senior Java Developer
18 33 (2.33%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 205 (14.46%) React
2 146 (10.30%) Spring
3 142 (10.01%) HTML
4 138 (9.73%) Kafka
5 126 (8.89%) .NET
6 119 (8.39%) Node.js
7 115 (8.11%) REST
8 111 (7.83%) CSS
9 108 (7.62%) AngularJS
10 104 (7.33%) Web Services
11 77 (5.43%) JSON
12 65 (4.58%) Pandas
13 63 (4.44%) .NET Core
14 60 (4.23%) RESTful
15 55 (3.88%) Middleware
16 52 (3.67%) RabbitMQ
16 52 (3.67%) Spring Boot
17 51 (3.60%) HTML5
18 49 (3.46%) XML
19 44 (3.10%) pytest
Miscellaneous
1 776 (54.72%) Algorithms
2 80 (5.64%) User Experience
3 70 (4.94%) Self-Motivation
4 59 (4.16%) Management Information System
5 54 (3.81%) Derivative
6 51 (3.60%) Enterprise Software
7 42 (2.96%) Virtual Team
8 36 (2.54%) Mobile App
9 25 (1.76%) Hedge funds
10 24 (1.69%) Greenfield Project
10 24 (1.69%) Robotics
11 23 (1.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 22 (1.55%) Cloud Native
12 22 (1.55%) CUDA
13 20 (1.41%) Data Centre
14 19 (1.34%) Fixed Income
15 17 (1.20%) Life Science
16 16 (1.13%) AS400
16 16 (1.13%) iSeries
16 16 (1.13%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 192 (13.54%) Linux
2 67 (4.72%) Unix
3 32 (2.26%) Windows
4 13 (0.92%) Android
4 13 (0.92%) Apple iOS
5 9 (0.63%) Mac OS
6 8 (0.56%) Solaris
7 4 (0.28%) CentOS
7 4 (0.28%) DC/OS
7 4 (0.28%) Robot Operating System
7 4 (0.28%) watchOS
8 3 (0.21%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.14%) AIX
9 2 (0.14%) HPUX
9 2 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.14%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.071%) Alpine Linux
10 1 (0.071%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.071%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 452 (31.88%) Software Engineering
2 449 (31.66%) Agile Software Development
3 374 (26.38%) Computer Science
4 276 (19.46%) OO
5 239 (16.85%) Analytics
6 229 (16.15%) Problem-Solving
7 228 (16.08%) Business Intelligence
8 208 (14.67%) TDD
9 206 (14.53%) Data Science
10 185 (13.05%) DevOps
11 181 (12.76%) Microservices
12 169 (11.92%) Continuous Integration
13 165 (11.64%) Full Stack Development
14 162 (11.42%) Data Modelling
15 154 (10.86%) Test Automation
16 149 (10.51%) ETL
17 148 (10.44%) Artificial Intelligence
18 144 (10.16%) Multithreading
19 140 (9.87%) Machine Learning
20 136 (9.59%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 516 (36.39%) Java
2 515 (36.32%) Python
3 480 (33.85%) SQL
4 310 (21.86%) JavaScript
5 256 (18.05%) C++
6 147 (10.37%) C#
7 119 (8.39%) C
8 118 (8.32%) TypeScript
9 81 (5.71%) Go
10 72 (5.08%) Java 8
11 68 (4.80%) Scala
12 60 (4.23%) ES6
13 55 (3.88%) PHP
14 52 (3.67%) Kotlin
15 32 (2.26%) Bash Shell
16 25 (1.76%) R
17 23 (1.62%) Objective-C
18 19 (1.34%) Groovy
18 19 (1.34%) Rust
19 18 (1.27%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 396 (27.93%) Degree
2 174 (12.27%) Computer Science Degree
3 36 (2.54%) Master's Degree
4 21 (1.48%) Security Cleared
5 13 (0.92%) SC Cleared
6 12 (0.85%) HND
7 11 (0.78%) PhD
8 8 (0.56%) DV Cleared
9 6 (0.42%) ISEB
9 6 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
10 5 (0.35%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 5 (0.35%) SAS Certification
11 4 (0.28%) BPSS Clearance
12 3 (0.21%) ACCA
12 3 (0.21%) CIMA
12 3 (0.21%) ISTQB
12 3 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 2 (0.14%) Postgraduate
14 1 (0.071%) AAT
14 1 (0.071%) IBM Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 56 (3.95%) QA
2 53 (3.74%) Data Quality
3 42 (2.96%) Accessibility
4 27 (1.90%) GRC
5 22 (1.55%) GDPR
6 18 (1.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 13 (0.92%) CDISC
8 9 (0.63%) SLA
9 8 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 4 (0.28%) PMO
10 4 (0.28%) SOC 2
11 3 (0.21%) HIPAA
11 3 (0.21%) ISO 20022
11 3 (0.21%) NIST
12 2 (0.14%) COBIT
12 2 (0.14%) WCAG
13 1 (0.071%) HL7
13 1 (0.071%) ISO 26262
13 1 (0.071%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 212 (14.95%) Docker
2 15 (1.06%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 11 (0.78%) etcd
4 4 (0.28%) HDFS
5 2 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.071%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 147 (10.37%) Kubernetes
2 67 (4.72%) Terraform
3 24 (1.69%) Prometheus
4 22 (1.55%) Puppet
5 20 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
6 17 (1.20%) Grafana
7 12 (0.85%) Kibana
8 11 (0.78%) Consul
8 11 (0.78%) logstash
9 9 (0.63%) Istio
10 6 (0.42%) Ansible
11 4 (0.28%) Apache Brooklyn
11 4 (0.28%) Marathon
11 4 (0.28%) Mesos
12 3 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
12 3 (0.21%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 122 (8.60%) Oracle
2 119 (8.39%) Microsoft
3 66 (4.65%) Google
4 37 (2.61%) SAP
5 29 (2.05%) Salesforce.com
6 28 (1.97%) IBM
7 27 (1.90%) Alibaba
8 21 (1.48%) Sony
9 20 (1.41%) Greenplum
9 20 (1.41%) JD Edwards
10 18 (1.27%) Databricks
11 17 (1.20%) ServiceNow
12 16 (1.13%) LANSA
12 16 (1.13%) Teradata
13 14 (0.99%) Informatica
14 11 (0.78%) Cognos
14 11 (0.78%) Sage
14 11 (0.78%) Talend
15 10 (0.71%) Facebook
15 10 (0.71%) New Relic