Period
to 28 January 2022

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 28 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK > England
6 months to
28 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 197 270 335
Rank change year-on-year +73 +65 -16
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 2,088 709 1,111
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.85% 1.21% 0.96%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 4.55% 3.40% 2.71%
Number of salaries quoted 865 580 835
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £38,750
25th Percentile £48,750 £45,750 £48,125
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year -3.85% - +3.17%
75th Percentile £87,500 £90,000 £81,250
90th Percentile £106,250 £107,625 £110,750
UK median annual salary £62,500 £62,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year - -3.85% +4.00%

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 45,900 20,859 41,039
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 40.70% 35.67% 35.31%
Number of salaries quoted 27,352 16,662 32,184
10th Percentile £32,500 £33,500 £30,875
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £39,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
75th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £103,750 £95,000 £95,000
UK median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Structures as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Structures in England.

Salary trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Structures in England over the 6 months to 28 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the England region over the 6 months to 28 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +27 933 £80,000 - 173
North of England +30 412 £55,000 +10.00% 28
Midlands +54 245 £57,500 +35.29% 20
Yorkshire +4 229 £55,000 +10.00% 11
South East +38 228 £55,000 -4.35% 41
North West +14 143 £55,000 +10.00% 13
West Midlands +19 132 £57,500 +35.29% 12
East Midlands +32 113 £57,500 +33.72% 8
East of England -16 109 £46,500 -28.46% 4
South West +19 102 £66,250 +26.19% 8
North East +5 40 £42,750 -10.00% 4
Data Structures
UK

For the 6 months to 28 January 2022, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 1,055 (50.53%) Java
2 989 (47.37%) Python
3 838 (40.13%) Algorithms
4 813 (38.94%) JavaScript
5 752 (36.02%) OO
6 704 (33.72%) Software Engineering
7 661 (31.66%) C#
8 593 (28.40%) Agile Software Development
9 583 (27.92%) HTML
9 583 (27.92%) OOP
10 564 (27.01%) Degree
11 556 (26.63%) CSS
12 547 (26.20%) Microsoft
13 536 (25.67%) Social Skills
14 508 (24.33%) SQL
15 488 (23.37%) HTML5
16 480 (22.99%) Oracle
17 473 (22.65%) Java 8
18 465 (22.27%) CSS3
19 443 (21.22%) Computer Science
20 428 (20.50%) Functional Programming
21 397 (19.01%) Oracle Certification
22 395 (18.92%) Java SE
23 393 (18.82%) CIW
23 393 (18.82%) OCP
23 393 (18.82%) OCA
24 380 (18.20%) AWS
25 372 (17.82%) C++
26 315 (15.09%) CI/CD
27 298 (14.27%) Problem-Solving

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (3.21%) Apache Spark
2 52 (2.49%) Elasticsearch
3 38 (1.82%) SAS
4 33 (1.58%) Confluence
5 28 (1.34%) Tomcat
6 24 (1.15%) Apache Airflow
7 20 (0.96%) Apache
8 17 (0.81%) CMS
9 12 (0.57%) Ethereum
10 10 (0.48%) SilverStripe
11 8 (0.38%) Headless CMS
12 7 (0.34%) ArcGIS
12 7 (0.34%) Gunicorn
12 7 (0.34%) Tornado
12 7 (0.34%) WordPress
13 6 (0.29%) Apache Solr
13 6 (0.29%) IBM HTTP Server
13 6 (0.29%) IIS
13 6 (0.29%) Luigi
14 5 (0.24%) nginx
Applications
1 46 (2.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (0.96%) Microsoft Office
2 20 (0.96%) MS Visio
3 15 (0.72%) Spreadsheet
4 9 (0.43%) Chatbot
5 5 (0.24%) Sketch
6 3 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.048%) UXPin
7 1 (0.048%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 12 (0.57%) Payment Gateway
2 11 (0.53%) Magento
3 9 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.29%) NetSuite
5 5 (0.24%) Oracle BRM
6 4 (0.19%) MetaTrader
6 4 (0.19%) SAP Business One
6 4 (0.19%) Sentinel
7 3 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.14%) Workday HCM
8 2 (0.096%) Adobe Campaign
8 2 (0.096%) Eloqua
8 2 (0.096%) IBM Planning Analytics
8 2 (0.096%) Oracle EBS R12
8 2 (0.096%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.096%) Oracle Financials
8 2 (0.096%) SAP Retail
9 1 (0.048%) Dynamics AX
9 1 (0.048%) Hyperion Planning
9 1 (0.048%) ResourceLink
Cloud Services
1 380 (18.20%) AWS
2 294 (14.08%) Azure
3 179 (8.57%) Serverless
4 170 (8.14%) Power Platform
5 148 (7.09%) GCP
6 79 (3.78%) GitHub
7 69 (3.30%) SaaS
8 52 (2.49%) Azure Data Factory
9 49 (2.35%) npm
10 40 (1.92%) Amazon S3
11 39 (1.87%) AWS Lambda
12 36 (1.72%) OpenShift
13 33 (1.58%) Amazon EC2
14 29 (1.39%) Azure Synapse Analytics
15 26 (1.25%) Snowflake
16 25 (1.20%) Microsoft 365
17 17 (0.81%) Cloud Computing
18 16 (0.77%) Amazon EMR
18 16 (0.77%) CloudFront
18 16 (0.77%) Force.com
Communications & Networking
1 25 (1.20%) TCP/IP
2 20 (0.96%) SNMP
3 17 (0.81%) IPv4
3 17 (0.81%) IPv6
4 9 (0.43%) Broadband
4 9 (0.43%) Internet
5 5 (0.24%) HTTP
6 4 (0.19%) SSL
7 3 (0.14%) Ethernet
7 3 (0.14%) Network Security
7 3 (0.14%) Reverse Proxy
8 2 (0.096%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
9 1 (0.048%) Firewall
9 1 (0.048%) Intranet
9 1 (0.048%) SAN
9 1 (0.048%) Software-Defined Radio
Database & Business Intelligence
1 211 (10.11%) NoSQL
2 169 (8.09%) Power BI
3 165 (7.90%) Relational Database
4 160 (7.66%) SQL Server
5 152 (7.28%) Data Warehouse
6 141 (6.75%) Big Data
7 87 (4.17%) PostgreSQL
8 86 (4.12%) MySQL
9 72 (3.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 71 (3.40%) MongoDB
11 70 (3.35%) Metadata
12 59 (2.83%) Hadoop
13 56 (2.68%) Data Lake
14 54 (2.59%) Apache Cassandra
15 46 (2.20%) Redis
16 41 (1.96%) Tableau
17 37 (1.77%) RDBMS
18 36 (1.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 28 (1.34%) Power Query
20 27 (1.29%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 265 (12.69%) Git (software)
2 179 (8.57%) Jenkins
3 165 (7.90%) JIRA
4 92 (4.41%) Subversion
5 83 (3.98%) Mercurial
6 36 (1.72%) TeamCity
7 33 (1.58%) JMeter
8 32 (1.53%) Maven
9 31 (1.48%) GitLab
9 31 (1.48%) JUnit
10 27 (1.29%) webpack
11 26 (1.25%) Gradle
12 23 (1.10%) gulp
13 20 (0.96%) CircleCI
14 19 (0.91%) Mocha
15 16 (0.77%) Bitbucket
16 14 (0.67%) Selenium
17 13 (0.62%) Gatling
18 12 (0.57%) Axure RP
18 12 (0.57%) Balsamiq
General
1 536 (25.67%) Social Skills
2 263 (12.60%) Analytical Skills
3 259 (12.40%) Finance
4 109 (5.22%) Games
5 98 (4.69%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 58 (2.78%) Banking
7 44 (2.11%) Organisational Skills
7 44 (2.11%) Retail
8 40 (1.92%) Law
8 40 (1.92%) Marketing
9 33 (1.58%) Public Sector
10 31 (1.48%) Front Office
11 29 (1.39%) Pharmaceutical
11 29 (1.39%) Publishing
12 25 (1.20%) Financial Institution
13 24 (1.15%) Aerospace
14 23 (1.10%) Advertising
15 22 (1.05%) Legal
15 22 (1.05%) Presentation Skills
16 18 (0.86%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 903 (43.25%) Developer
2 479 (22.94%) Software Engineer
3 431 (20.64%) Software Developer
4 393 (18.82%) Trainee
4 393 (18.82%) Trainee Developer
4 393 (18.82%) Trainee Software Developer
5 180 (8.62%) Senior Software Engineer
6 157 (7.52%) Analyst
7 146 (6.99%) Java Developer
8 145 (6.94%) Data Engineer
9 115 (5.51%) Architect
10 102 (4.89%) Java Engineer
11 97 (4.65%) Java Software Engineer
12 91 (4.36%) Senior Developer
13 86 (4.12%) Full Stack Developer
14 79 (3.78%) Business Analyst
15 62 (2.97%) Data Architect
16 61 (2.92%) Backend Developer
17 52 (2.49%) Data Analyst
18 44 (2.11%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 583 (27.92%) HTML
2 556 (26.63%) CSS
3 488 (23.37%) HTML5
4 465 (22.27%) CSS3
5 395 (18.92%) Java SE
6 284 (13.60%) React
7 174 (8.33%) AngularJS
8 140 (6.70%) REST
9 138 (6.61%) .NET
10 134 (6.42%) Spring
11 128 (6.13%) Web Services
12 118 (5.65%) Node.js
13 109 (5.22%) Vue.js
14 102 (4.89%) Velocity
15 95 (4.55%) RESTful
16 93 (4.45%) Kafka
17 78 (3.74%) Spring Boot
18 66 (3.16%) WPF
19 61 (2.92%) WinForms
20 54 (2.59%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 838 (40.13%) Algorithms
2 154 (7.38%) User Experience
3 114 (5.46%) Self-Motivation
4 82 (3.93%) Management Information System
5 81 (3.88%) Mobile App
6 56 (2.68%) Renewable Energy
7 42 (2.01%) Greenfield Project
7 42 (2.01%) Virtual Team
8 29 (1.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 28 (1.34%) Cloud Native
10 26 (1.25%) Derivative
11 19 (0.91%) Tandem
12 15 (0.72%) Fixed Income
12 15 (0.72%) Hedge funds
13 14 (0.67%) Analytical Mindset
13 14 (0.67%) Linux Command Line
14 13 (0.62%) Biotechnology
14 13 (0.62%) Equities
14 13 (0.62%) Public Cloud
15 12 (0.57%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 188 (9.00%) Linux
2 106 (5.08%) Unix
3 55 (2.63%) Windows
4 27 (1.29%) Android
5 20 (0.96%) Apple iOS
6 17 (0.81%) Embedded Linux
6 17 (0.81%) OpenWrt
7 13 (0.62%) Mac OS
8 6 (0.29%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.24%) AIX
9 5 (0.24%) HPUX
10 4 (0.19%) DC/OS
10 4 (0.19%) Robot Operating System
11 1 (0.048%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.048%) Solaris
11 1 (0.048%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.048%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 752 (36.02%) OO
2 704 (33.72%) Software Engineering
3 593 (28.40%) Agile Software Development
4 583 (27.92%) OOP
5 443 (21.22%) Computer Science
6 428 (20.50%) Functional Programming
7 315 (15.09%) CI/CD
8 298 (14.27%) Problem-Solving
9 293 (14.03%) DevOps
10 288 (13.79%) Full Stack Development
11 280 (13.41%) Analytics
12 276 (13.22%) TDD
13 275 (13.17%) Data Modelling
14 257 (12.31%) Data Science
15 233 (11.16%) Artificial Intelligence
15 233 (11.16%) Continuous Integration
15 233 (11.16%) Mentoring
16 219 (10.49%) Microservices
17 205 (9.82%) Business Intelligence
18 191 (9.15%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 1,055 (50.53%) Java
2 989 (47.37%) Python
3 813 (38.94%) JavaScript
4 661 (31.66%) C#
5 508 (24.33%) SQL
6 473 (22.65%) Java 8
7 372 (17.82%) C++
8 226 (10.82%) C
9 164 (7.85%) Go
10 132 (6.32%) TypeScript
11 70 (3.35%) Scala
12 63 (3.02%) T-SQL
13 61 (2.92%) Objective-C
14 56 (2.68%) PHP
15 48 (2.30%) Ruby
16 44 (2.11%) Bash
17 38 (1.82%) Groovy
18 37 (1.77%) PowerShell
19 35 (1.68%) Clojure
19 35 (1.68%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 564 (27.01%) Degree
2 397 (19.01%) Oracle Certification
3 393 (18.82%) CIW
3 393 (18.82%) OCA
3 393 (18.82%) OCP
4 192 (9.20%) Computer Science Degree
5 75 (3.59%) HND
6 26 (1.25%) Security Cleared
7 23 (1.10%) Master's Degree
8 22 (1.05%) SC Cleared
9 17 (0.81%) IIBA
10 11 (0.53%) PhD
11 7 (0.34%) SAS Certification
12 6 (0.29%) ISEB
13 5 (0.24%) AWS Certification
14 4 (0.19%) ACCA
14 4 (0.19%) CIMA
14 4 (0.19%) OCPJP
14 4 (0.19%) Sun Certification
15 3 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 116 (5.56%) Accessibility
2 77 (3.69%) QA
3 63 (3.02%) Data Quality
4 19 (0.91%) CDISC
5 11 (0.53%) SLA
6 7 (0.34%) GRC
7 5 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 4 (0.19%) GDPR
9 3 (0.14%) IEC 61131
10 2 (0.096%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 1 (0.048%) HL7
11 1 (0.048%) PMO
System Software
1 205 (9.82%) Docker
2 20 (0.96%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 4 (0.19%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.048%) Firmware
6 1 (0.048%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 192 (9.20%) Kubernetes
2 58 (2.78%) Terraform
3 44 (2.11%) Kibana
4 31 (1.48%) Ansible
5 30 (1.44%) logstash
6 27 (1.29%) Prometheus
7 26 (1.25%) Grafana
8 25 (1.20%) Istio
9 5 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
9 5 (0.24%) Puppet
10 4 (0.19%) Apache Brooklyn
10 4 (0.19%) Marathon
10 4 (0.19%) Mesos
10 4 (0.19%) Oozie
11 3 (0.14%) Opscode Chef
12 1 (0.048%) Kustomize
12 1 (0.048%) Rancher
Vendors
1 547 (26.20%) Microsoft
2 480 (22.99%) Oracle
3 55 (2.63%) Google
4 47 (2.25%) Salesforce.com
5 30 (1.44%) Twitter
6 28 (1.34%) Databricks
7 27 (1.29%) IBM
8 24 (1.15%) RedGate
8 24 (1.15%) SAP
9 18 (0.86%) Informatica
10 17 (0.81%) Teradata
11 14 (0.67%) Alibaba
12 12 (0.57%) Cognizant
13 10 (0.48%) Cloudera
13 10 (0.48%) ServiceNow
13 10 (0.48%) Talend
14 9 (0.43%) Sony
15 8 (0.38%) HP
16 7 (0.34%) Facebook
17 6 (0.29%) Bloomberg