Period
to 15 June 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 15 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 256 282 328
Rank change year-on-year +26 +46 +27
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 1,175 881 1,363
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.31% 1.14% 1.03%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.52% 3.27% 2.95%
Number of salaries quoted 725 710 1,009
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £46,250 £46,250 £45,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £88,750 £80,000 £80,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £103,750 £95,000
UK median annual salary £65,000 £63,500 £62,500
% change year-on-year +2.36% +1.60% +4.17%

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 33,407 26,978 46,278
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 37.25% 34.96% 34.81%
Number of salaries quoted 21,381 21,448 35,495
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £56,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +1.77% +2.73% +5.28%
75th Percentile £78,750 £77,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £96,250 £97,500 £90,000
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £53,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% +3.77% +6.00%

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Structures as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Structures in England.

Salary trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Structures in England over the 6 months to 15 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the England region over the 6 months to 15 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +18 693 £80,000 +18.52% 136
South East +40 127 £57,500 - 19
North of England -24 121 £50,000 - 26
Midlands +7 94 £57,500 +39.39% 12
West Midlands +27 88 £57,500 +27.78% 10
South West -18 81 £50,000 +11.11% 7
Yorkshire -5 61 £47,500 - 9
North West -40 48 £52,500 +5.00% 16
East of England +1 47 £45,000 -4.26% 13
North East -16 12 £35,000 -22.22% 1
East Midlands -45 6 £47,500 +35.71% 2
Data Structures
UK

For the 6 months to 15 June 2021, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 590 (50.21%) Algorithms
2 514 (43.74%) Java
3 480 (40.85%) Python
4 384 (32.68%) SQL
5 366 (31.15%) Agile Software Development
6 356 (30.30%) Software Engineering
7 338 (28.77%) JavaScript
8 323 (27.49%) Social Skills
9 294 (25.02%) Degree
10 283 (24.09%) Computer Science
11 254 (21.62%) OO
12 240 (20.43%) AWS
13 237 (20.17%) Finance
14 198 (16.85%) C#
15 189 (16.09%) C++
15 189 (16.09%) Docker
16 188 (16.00%) Data Science
17 183 (15.57%) Problem-Solving
18 177 (15.06%) Business Intelligence
19 173 (14.72%) Analytics
20 172 (14.64%) Oracle
21 168 (14.30%) HTML
22 167 (14.21%) Azure
23 164 (13.96%) Microsoft
24 162 (13.79%) CSS
25 155 (13.19%) Git (software)
26 149 (12.68%) Analytical Skills
27 145 (12.34%) Kubernetes
27 145 (12.34%) OOP
28 144 (12.26%) Linux

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (5.36%) Apache Spark
2 41 (3.49%) Apache Airflow
3 18 (1.53%) Elasticsearch
4 17 (1.45%) Apache
5 15 (1.28%) Confluence
6 14 (1.19%) SAS
7 13 (1.11%) Tomcat
8 12 (1.02%) Gunicorn
8 12 (1.02%) Luigi
9 9 (0.77%) NServiceBus
9 9 (0.77%) WebSphere
10 8 (0.68%) JBoss
11 5 (0.43%) GlassFish
11 5 (0.43%) WebLogic
12 4 (0.34%) Apache Pig
12 4 (0.34%) Oracle Workflow
13 3 (0.26%) CMS
13 3 (0.26%) IIS
13 3 (0.26%) nginx
14 2 (0.17%) Ethereum
Applications
1 33 (2.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (1.11%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.085%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.085%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 9 (0.77%) NetSuite
2 6 (0.51%) Visualfiles
3 5 (0.43%) Summit
4 3 (0.26%) Magento
4 3 (0.26%) Shopify
5 2 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.17%) Dynamics GP
5 2 (0.17%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.085%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.085%) Dynamics NAV
6 1 (0.085%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 1 (0.085%) Quorum
6 1 (0.085%) Sage CRM
6 1 (0.085%) Sage X3
6 1 (0.085%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.085%) SAP R/3
6 1 (0.085%) SAP Retail
6 1 (0.085%) Scribe Insight
6 1 (0.085%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 240 (20.43%) AWS
2 167 (14.21%) Azure
3 122 (10.38%) Power Platform
4 96 (8.17%) SaaS
5 38 (3.23%) AWS CloudFormation
6 34 (2.89%) GCP
6 34 (2.89%) Serverless
7 33 (2.81%) Snowflake
8 32 (2.72%) npm
9 31 (2.64%) GitHub
10 25 (2.13%) Amazon S3
10 25 (2.13%) Cloud Computing
11 20 (1.70%) Azure Data Factory
12 19 (1.62%) Amazon EC2
13 17 (1.45%) AWS Lambda
14 16 (1.36%) PaaS
15 10 (0.85%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 10 (0.85%) Amazon EMR
16 9 (0.77%) Amazon Kinesis
16 9 (0.77%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 46 (3.91%) Internet
2 36 (3.06%) HTTP
3 8 (0.68%) TCP/IP
4 6 (0.51%) IMAP
4 6 (0.51%) SMTP
5 5 (0.43%) HTTPS
6 4 (0.34%) Broadband
6 4 (0.34%) Ethernet
6 4 (0.34%) FlexRay
7 3 (0.26%) 5G
8 2 (0.17%) Reverse Proxy
9 1 (0.085%) Firewall
9 1 (0.085%) Multicast
9 1 (0.085%) Unicast
9 1 (0.085%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 139 (11.83%) Data Warehouse
2 121 (10.30%) Power BI
3 118 (10.04%) Relational Database
4 111 (9.45%) NoSQL
5 102 (8.68%) SQL Server
6 88 (7.49%) PostgreSQL
7 82 (6.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 78 (6.64%) Big Data
8 78 (6.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 65 (5.53%) Tableau
10 45 (3.83%) Data Mining
10 45 (3.83%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 40 (3.40%) Data Lake
12 39 (3.32%) MongoDB
13 36 (3.06%) Hadoop
14 34 (2.89%) MySQL
15 30 (2.55%) Amazon Redshift
16 26 (2.21%) Apache Cassandra
17 22 (1.87%) Amazon RDS
18 19 (1.62%) Star Schema
Development Applications
1 155 (13.19%) Git (software)
2 71 (6.04%) JIRA
3 55 (4.68%) Mercurial
4 54 (4.60%) Subversion
5 38 (3.23%) Jenkins
6 25 (2.13%) GitLab
7 22 (1.87%) gulp
8 18 (1.53%) Bower
9 15 (1.28%) webpack
10 10 (0.85%) CircleCI
10 10 (0.85%) TeamCity
11 9 (0.77%) Selenium
12 7 (0.60%) Cypress.io
12 7 (0.60%) git-flow
13 6 (0.51%) Cucumber
13 6 (0.51%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
13 6 (0.51%) Team Foundation Server
13 6 (0.51%) Visual Studio
14 5 (0.43%) Bitbucket
14 5 (0.43%) Travis CI
General
1 323 (27.49%) Social Skills
2 237 (20.17%) Finance
3 149 (12.68%) Analytical Skills
4 118 (10.04%) Games
5 53 (4.51%) Law
6 43 (3.66%) Front Office
6 43 (3.66%) Manufacturing
7 37 (3.15%) Public Speaking
8 34 (2.89%) Retail
9 30 (2.55%) Banking
10 22 (1.87%) Advertising
11 21 (1.79%) Presentation Skills
11 21 (1.79%) Telecoms
12 18 (1.53%) Legal
12 18 (1.53%) Pharmaceutical
13 17 (1.45%) Marketing
14 16 (1.36%) Automotive
14 16 (1.36%) Publishing
15 13 (1.11%) Public Sector
16 11 (0.94%) Russian Language
Job Titles
1 388 (33.02%) Developer
2 198 (16.85%) Software Engineer
3 112 (9.53%) Analyst
4 110 (9.36%) Java Developer
5 78 (6.64%) Tester
6 77 (6.55%) Software Tester
6 77 (6.55%) Trainee
7 76 (6.47%) Games Tester
7 76 (6.47%) Trainee Software Tester
7 76 (6.47%) Trainee Tester
8 73 (6.21%) Data Engineer
9 68 (5.79%) Java Engineer
10 67 (5.70%) Senior Software Engineer
11 65 (5.53%) Java Software Engineer
12 60 (5.11%) Senior Developer
13 59 (5.02%) Data Analyst
14 48 (4.09%) Architect
15 36 (3.06%) Software Developer
16 34 (2.89%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 34 (2.89%) Data Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 168 (14.30%) HTML
2 162 (13.79%) CSS
3 144 (12.26%) React
4 109 (9.28%) Spring
5 108 (9.19%) .NET
6 101 (8.60%) HTML5
7 96 (8.17%) Kafka
8 95 (8.09%) REST
9 89 (7.57%) CSS3
10 86 (7.32%) Node.js
11 76 (6.47%) Java SE
12 71 (6.04%) AngularJS
13 67 (5.70%) Web Services
14 63 (5.36%) .NET Core
15 50 (4.26%) Spring Boot
16 47 (4.00%) JSON
17 46 (3.91%) Hibernate
18 43 (3.66%) RESTful
19 37 (3.15%) Middleware
20 36 (3.06%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 590 (50.21%) Algorithms
2 66 (5.62%) User Experience
3 56 (4.77%) Data Centre
4 43 (3.66%) Derivative
4 43 (3.66%) Greenfield Project
5 41 (3.49%) Public Cloud
6 39 (3.32%) Hedge funds
7 36 (3.06%) Enterprise Software
7 36 (3.06%) Self-Motivation
8 30 (2.55%) Management Information System
9 25 (2.13%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 24 (2.04%) Mobile App
11 17 (1.45%) CUDA
11 17 (1.45%) Fixed Income
12 16 (1.36%) Robotics
13 15 (1.28%) CMDB
14 14 (1.19%) Equities
14 14 (1.19%) Virtual Team
15 12 (1.02%) Augmented Reality
15 12 (1.02%) Industry 4.0
Operating Systems
1 144 (12.26%) Linux
2 27 (2.30%) Unix
3 20 (1.70%) Windows
4 11 (0.94%) Android
5 9 (0.77%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.26%) CentOS
6 3 (0.26%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.17%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.17%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.085%) Alpine Linux
8 1 (0.085%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.085%) watchOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 366 (31.15%) Agile Software Development
2 356 (30.30%) Software Engineering
3 283 (24.09%) Computer Science
4 254 (21.62%) OO
5 188 (16.00%) Data Science
6 183 (15.57%) Problem-Solving
7 177 (15.06%) Business Intelligence
8 173 (14.72%) Analytics
9 145 (12.34%) OOP
10 135 (11.49%) TDD
11 122 (10.38%) ETL
12 120 (10.21%) Continuous Integration
12 120 (10.21%) Microservices
13 119 (10.13%) Fintech
13 119 (10.13%) Software Testing
14 109 (9.28%) DevOps
15 108 (9.19%) Machine Learning
15 108 (9.19%) Test Automation
16 104 (8.85%) Data Modelling
17 99 (8.43%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 514 (43.74%) Java
2 480 (40.85%) Python
3 384 (32.68%) SQL
4 338 (28.77%) JavaScript
5 198 (16.85%) C#
6 189 (16.09%) C++
7 141 (12.00%) Java 8
8 123 (10.47%) TypeScript
9 78 (6.64%) Go
10 67 (5.70%) C
11 55 (4.68%) Scala
12 41 (3.49%) ES6
13 38 (3.23%) Kotlin
14 34 (2.89%) R
15 25 (2.13%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
16 23 (1.96%) Bash Shell
16 23 (1.96%) PHP
16 23 (1.96%) T-SQL
17 17 (1.45%) Objective-C
18 12 (1.02%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 294 (25.02%) Degree
2 133 (11.32%) Computer Science Degree
3 76 (6.47%) CIW
3 76 (6.47%) OCA
3 76 (6.47%) OCP
3 76 (6.47%) Oracle Certification
4 55 (4.68%) Master's Degree
5 31 (2.64%) Security Cleared
6 19 (1.62%) SC Cleared
7 11 (0.94%) DV Cleared
8 7 (0.60%) PhD
9 5 (0.43%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 4 (0.34%) AWS Certification
10 4 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.34%) ISEB
10 4 (0.34%) Numerate Degree
11 3 (0.26%) ISTQB
12 2 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 2 (0.17%) SAS Certification
13 1 (0.085%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (2.98%) Data Quality
2 29 (2.47%) QA
3 19 (1.62%) Accessibility
4 15 (1.28%) GRC
5 11 (0.94%) GDPR
5 11 (0.94%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 7 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.51%) SLA
8 5 (0.43%) SOC 2
9 4 (0.34%) ISO 26262
10 3 (0.26%) HIPAA
10 3 (0.26%) ISO 20022
11 2 (0.17%) CDISC
11 2 (0.17%) COBIT
11 2 (0.17%) NIST
11 2 (0.17%) WCAG
12 1 (0.085%) PMO
System Software
1 189 (16.09%) Docker
2 7 (0.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 7 (0.60%) etcd
3 5 (0.43%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.34%) HDFS
5 2 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 145 (12.34%) Kubernetes
2 68 (5.79%) Terraform
3 18 (1.53%) Puppet
4 17 (1.45%) Opscode Chef
5 10 (0.85%) Ansible
6 9 (0.77%) Prometheus
7 7 (0.60%) Consul
8 3 (0.26%) Hadoop YARN
8 3 (0.26%) Kibana
9 2 (0.17%) Oozie
10 1 (0.085%) Istio
10 1 (0.085%) SCCM
10 1 (0.085%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 172 (14.64%) Oracle
2 164 (13.96%) Microsoft
3 46 (3.91%) SAP
4 38 (3.23%) PagerDuty
5 37 (3.15%) Salesforce.com
6 36 (3.06%) Google
7 18 (1.53%) Sony
8 13 (1.11%) Cognos
8 13 (1.11%) IBM
8 13 (1.11%) ServiceNow
9 12 (1.02%) Greenplum
10 11 (0.94%) JD Edwards
10 11 (0.94%) New Relic
11 9 (0.77%) Informatica
11 9 (0.77%) LANSA
11 9 (0.77%) Sage
12 7 (0.60%) Databricks
13 6 (0.51%) MuleSoft
14 5 (0.43%) Alteryx
14 5 (0.43%) Facebook