Period
to 25 January 2021

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term Data Structures in permanent job vacancies advertised in England. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Data Structures over the 6 months to 25 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Data Structures
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 268 319 318
Rank change year-on-year +51 -1 +50
Permanent jobs citing Data Structures 691 1,097 1,490
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in England 1.19% 0.95% 1.06%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.08% 2.45% 2.66%
Number of salaries quoted 643 851 1,235
Median annual salary £62,500 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -3.85% +4.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £40,000 £38,750 £35,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £112,500 £94,500
UK median annual salary £62,500 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year -3.85% +4.00% +4.17%

Data Structures is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
England
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 22,459 44,799 56,109
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in England 38.73% 38.79% 39.77%
Number of salaries quoted 17,756 35,025 43,662
Median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £87,500
UK median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%

Data Structures
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Data Structures as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Trend in England

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Structures in England.

Salary trend for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Salary Histogram in England

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Structures in England over the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Structures in England

Data Structures
Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Structures within the England region over the 6 months to 25 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +32 395 £77,500 +10.71% 106
North of England +136 142 £50,000 -6.98% 26
Yorkshire +133 110 £50,000 -4.76% 10
South East +125 59 £57,500 - 22
Midlands +41 43 £45,000 - 12
West Midlands +39 31 £52,500 +15.38% 8
South West +59 26 £47,500 -3.06% 8
North West +46 24 £50,000 - 11
East of England +51 22 £66,250 +6.00% 3
East Midlands +48 12 £43,500 +16.00% 4
North East +9 8 £47,500 -35.81% 5
Data Structures
UK

For the 6 months to 25 January 2021, IT jobs citing Data Structures also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the England region with a requirement for Data Structures.

1 377 (54.56%) Algorithms
2 272 (39.36%) SQL
3 268 (38.78%) Software Engineering
4 259 (37.48%) Java
5 236 (34.15%) Agile Software Development
6 213 (30.82%) Finance
7 206 (29.81%) Python
8 168 (24.31%) Computer Science
9 160 (23.15%) Degree
10 151 (21.85%) OO
11 128 (18.52%) JavaScript
12 115 (16.64%) Git (software)
13 110 (15.92%) Azure
13 110 (15.92%) C++
14 109 (15.77%) C#
15 106 (15.34%) AWS
16 97 (14.04%) TDD
17 96 (13.89%) Problem-Solving
18 94 (13.60%) NoSQL
19 93 (13.46%) .NET
20 91 (13.17%) SQL Server
20 91 (13.17%) Decision-Making
21 86 (12.45%) Business Intelligence
22 85 (12.30%) Unit Testing
22 85 (12.30%) Fintech
23 83 (12.01%) Analytical Skills
24 81 (11.72%) Continuous Integration
24 81 (11.72%) ETL
24 81 (11.72%) Data Modelling
25 79 (11.43%) Test Automation

Data Structures
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (3.18%) Apache Spark
2 19 (2.75%) Elasticsearch
3 13 (1.88%) Tornado
4 7 (1.01%) Apache
5 6 (0.87%) Apache Airflow
5 6 (0.87%) WebSphere
6 5 (0.72%) Luigi
7 4 (0.58%) SharePoint
8 3 (0.43%) SAS
9 2 (0.29%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.29%) CMS
9 2 (0.29%) Confluence
10 1 (0.14%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.14%) Drupal
10 1 (0.14%) IIS
10 1 (0.14%) nginx
Applications
1 22 (3.18%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.16%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.43%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 7 (1.01%) Magento
2 6 (0.87%) Shopify
3 4 (0.58%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.43%) Endur
4 3 (0.43%) Findur
5 2 (0.29%) Dynamics GP
5 2 (0.29%) Workday HCM
6 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.14%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 110 (15.92%) Azure
2 106 (15.34%) AWS
3 67 (9.70%) Power Platform
4 43 (6.22%) GCP
5 29 (4.20%) SaaS
6 28 (4.05%) Azure Data Factory
7 20 (2.89%) AWS CloudFormation
8 17 (2.46%) Serverless
9 8 (1.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 7 (1.01%) OpenShift
11 6 (0.87%) Office 365
12 5 (0.72%) Apigee
12 5 (0.72%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
12 5 (0.72%) Azure Active Directory
12 5 (0.72%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (0.72%) Dynamics 365
12 5 (0.72%) GitHub
12 5 (0.72%) iPaaS
13 4 (0.58%) Amazon EC2
13 4 (0.58%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 9 (1.30%) Internet
2 5 (0.72%) HTTP
3 4 (0.58%) Ethernet
4 3 (0.43%) DNS
4 3 (0.43%) FlexRay
4 3 (0.43%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.14%) Broadband
5 1 (0.14%) Firewall
5 1 (0.14%) LAN
5 1 (0.14%) WAN
5 1 (0.14%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 94 (13.60%) NoSQL
2 91 (13.17%) SQL Server
3 67 (9.70%) Power BI
3 67 (9.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 57 (8.25%) Data Warehouse
4 57 (8.25%) Relational Database
5 49 (7.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 46 (6.66%) PostgreSQL
7 42 (6.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 40 (5.79%) Tableau
9 31 (4.49%) Big Data
10 30 (4.34%) MongoDB
11 28 (4.05%) Redis
12 26 (3.76%) Data Mining
13 22 (3.18%) Data Lake
14 20 (2.89%) Hadoop
15 18 (2.60%) Apache Cassandra
16 16 (2.32%) Amazon Redshift
17 15 (2.17%) MySQL
18 11 (1.59%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 115 (16.64%) Git (software)
2 55 (7.96%) Mercurial
2 55 (7.96%) Subversion
3 34 (4.92%) Jenkins
4 18 (2.60%) GitLab
5 17 (2.46%) Visual Studio
6 15 (2.17%) JIRA
6 15 (2.17%) Maven
7 11 (1.59%) Bitbucket
8 9 (1.30%) CircleCI
9 8 (1.16%) GCC
10 6 (0.87%) Travis CI
11 5 (0.72%) IntelliJ
11 5 (0.72%) Selenium
12 4 (0.58%) Grunt
12 4 (0.58%) gulp
12 4 (0.58%) LoadRunner
12 4 (0.58%) SoapUI
12 4 (0.58%) webpack
13 3 (0.43%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 213 (30.82%) Finance
2 41 (5.93%) Banking
3 37 (5.35%) Front Office
4 34 (4.92%) Games
5 32 (4.63%) Retail
6 20 (2.89%) Telecoms
7 16 (2.32%) Marketing
8 12 (1.74%) Back Office
9 11 (1.59%) Manufacturing
10 10 (1.45%) Law
11 9 (1.30%) Investment Banking
11 9 (1.30%) Public Sector
12 8 (1.16%) Financial Institution
13 4 (0.58%) Automotive
13 4 (0.58%) Electronics
14 3 (0.43%) Legal
14 3 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.14%) Advertising
15 1 (0.14%) General Ledger
15 1 (0.14%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 251 (36.32%) Developer
2 171 (24.75%) Software Engineer
3 91 (13.17%) Java Developer
4 87 (12.59%) Java Engineer
5 79 (11.43%) Java Software Engineer
6 61 (8.83%) Analyst
7 47 (6.80%) Data Engineer
8 42 (6.08%) Senior Software Engineer
9 35 (5.07%) Senior Developer
10 33 (4.78%) Architect
11 32 (4.63%) Data Analyst
12 30 (4.34%) Python Engineer
13 24 (3.47%) Software Developer
14 23 (3.33%) Python Developer
15 21 (3.04%) Azure Engineer
16 20 (2.89%) Mobile Engineer
16 20 (2.89%) Mobile Software Engineer
17 19 (2.75%) C# Software Engineer
17 19 (2.75%) Data Architect
17 19 (2.75%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 93 (13.46%) .NET
2 68 (9.84%) AngularJS
3 60 (8.68%) REST
4 57 (8.25%) Web Services
5 56 (8.10%) .NET Core
6 52 (7.53%) React
7 47 (6.80%) CSS
8 42 (6.08%) Spring
9 41 (5.93%) Kafka
10 40 (5.79%) Spring Boot
11 38 (5.50%) RESTful
12 37 (5.35%) HTML
13 35 (5.07%) Node.js
14 28 (4.05%) XML
15 19 (2.75%) .NET Framework
15 19 (2.75%) Pandas
16 17 (2.46%) Entity Framework
16 17 (2.46%) JSON
17 16 (2.32%) RabbitMQ
17 16 (2.32%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 377 (54.56%) Algorithms
2 83 (12.01%) Analytical Skills
3 53 (7.67%) Management Information System
4 48 (6.95%) Hedge funds
5 28 (4.05%) Greenfield Project
6 24 (3.47%) Derivative
7 21 (3.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 20 (2.89%) Cloud Native
9 18 (2.60%) User Experience
10 16 (2.32%) LIMS
11 14 (2.03%) Data Centre
11 14 (2.03%) Enterprise Software
12 12 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
13 11 (1.59%) NHS
14 9 (1.30%) Fixed Income
15 8 (1.16%) Mobile App
15 8 (1.16%) Public Cloud
16 6 (0.87%) Equities
16 6 (0.87%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
17 5 (0.72%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 68 (9.84%) Linux
2 12 (1.74%) Unix
3 11 (1.59%) Android
3 11 (1.59%) Apple iOS
4 10 (1.45%) Windows
5 2 (0.29%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
6 1 (0.14%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 268 (38.78%) Software Engineering
2 236 (34.15%) Agile Software Development
3 168 (24.31%) Computer Science
4 151 (21.85%) OO
5 97 (14.04%) TDD
6 96 (13.89%) Problem-Solving
7 91 (13.17%) Decision-Making
8 86 (12.45%) Business Intelligence
9 85 (12.30%) Fintech
9 85 (12.30%) Unit Testing
10 81 (11.72%) Continuous Integration
10 81 (11.72%) Data Modelling
10 81 (11.72%) ETL
11 79 (11.43%) Test Automation
12 78 (11.29%) Analytics
13 74 (10.71%) Data Science
14 64 (9.26%) Visualisation
15 63 (9.12%) Machine Learning
16 61 (8.83%) Scrum
17 59 (8.54%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 272 (39.36%) SQL
2 259 (37.48%) Java
3 206 (29.81%) Python
4 128 (18.52%) JavaScript
5 110 (15.92%) C++
6 109 (15.77%) C#
7 43 (6.22%) T-SQL
8 40 (5.79%) Scala
9 37 (5.35%) Go
9 37 (5.35%) Java 8
10 33 (4.78%) TypeScript
11 32 (4.63%) R
12 24 (3.47%) C
13 16 (2.32%) Bash Shell
13 16 (2.32%) VB
14 11 (1.59%) PHP
14 11 (1.59%) Rust
14 11 (1.59%) VBA
15 10 (1.45%) Apple Swift
15 10 (1.45%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 160 (23.15%) Degree
2 48 (6.95%) Computer Science Degree
3 15 (2.17%) Security Cleared
4 11 (1.59%) Master's Degree
5 10 (1.45%) PhD
5 10 (1.45%) SC Cleared
6 8 (1.16%) CIW
6 8 (1.16%) OCA
6 8 (1.16%) OCP
6 8 (1.16%) Oracle Certification
7 5 (0.72%) Numerate Degree
8 4 (0.58%) ISEB
8 4 (0.58%) ISEB Practitioner
8 4 (0.58%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.43%) DV Cleared
10 2 (0.29%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.14%) CompTIA Security+
11 1 (0.14%) GISF
11 1 (0.14%) ISACA
11 1 (0.14%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (4.34%) Data Quality
2 21 (3.04%) QA
3 7 (1.01%) GDPR
4 6 (0.87%) EMIR
5 5 (0.72%) NIST
6 4 (0.58%) HL7
7 3 (0.43%) ISO 26262
7 3 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 3 (0.43%) MiFID
8 2 (0.29%) SLA
9 1 (0.14%) HIPAA
System Software
1 58 (8.39%) Docker
2 5 (0.72%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.14%) Firmware
3 1 (0.14%) HDFS
3 1 (0.14%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 66 (9.55%) Kubernetes
2 45 (6.51%) Terraform
3 7 (1.01%) Puppet
4 6 (0.87%) Prometheus
5 4 (0.58%) Kibana
6 3 (0.43%) Grafana
6 3 (0.43%) Istio
7 1 (0.14%) Oozie
Vendors
1 67 (9.70%) Microsoft
2 43 (6.22%) Google
3 33 (4.78%) SAP
4 29 (4.20%) Oracle
5 15 (2.17%) Databricks
6 14 (2.03%) Salesforce.com
7 11 (1.59%) Informatica
8 10 (1.45%) MuleSoft
9 8 (1.16%) IBM
10 7 (1.01%) Bloomberg
11 6 (0.87%) PagerDuty
11 6 (0.87%) WooCommerce
11 6 (0.87%) Xero
12 5 (0.72%) New Relic
12 5 (0.72%) Sage
13 4 (0.58%) Teradata
14 3 (0.43%) Apple
14 3 (0.43%) OpenLink
14 3 (0.43%) Percona
14 3 (0.43%) ServiceNow