Period
to 3 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for OO skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OO over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Object-Oriented (OO)
England > London
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 87 80 92
Rank change year-on-year -7 +12 -27
Permanent jobs citing OO 1,719 1,140 1,949
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 3.79% 4.09% 3.41%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.98% 4.35% 3.64%
Number of salaries quoted 1,032 902 1,545
10th Percentile £42,999 £43,875 £35,000
25th Percentile £55,000 £55,000 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.84%
75th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £108,400 £114,750 £100,000
England median annual salary £58,500 £55,000 £51,500
% change year-on-year +6.36% +6.80% +3.00%

OO is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 43,177 26,200 53,504
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 95.29% 94.02% 93.59%
Number of salaries quoted 28,577 21,477 43,993
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £36,250
25th Percentile £52,500 £51,250 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £69,835 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +0.24% +7.44% +8.33%
75th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £105,000 £97,500
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

OO
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing OO as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for OO in London

OO
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OO in London.

Salary trend for OO in London

OO
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing OO in London over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Salary histogram for OO in London

OO
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing OO within the London region over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London +18 353 £75,000 - 90
West London +4 123 £65,000 +18.18% 21
South London -18 27 £50,000 -28.57% 10
East London +2 1 - - 41
OO
England

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT jobs citing OO also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for OO.

1 970 (56.43%) Agile Software Development
2 788 (45.84%) JavaScript
3 657 (38.22%) Java
4 561 (32.64%) React
5 557 (32.40%) AWS
6 549 (31.94%) C#
7 521 (30.31%) OOP
8 497 (28.91%) Azure
9 488 (28.39%) Software Engineering
10 482 (28.04%) Microservices
11 477 (27.75%) DevOps
12 466 (27.11%) TDD
13 458 (26.64%) CSS
14 452 (26.29%) HTML
15 447 (26.00%) SQL
16 427 (24.84%) Python
17 426 (24.78%) Finance
18 421 (24.49%) .NET
19 415 (24.14%) Docker
20 369 (21.47%) Full Stack Development
21 365 (21.23%) Social Skills
22 356 (20.71%) Kubernetes
23 351 (20.42%) Test Automation
24 333 (19.37%) Git (software)
25 329 (19.14%) Node.js
26 317 (18.44%) REST
27 316 (18.38%) OOD
28 314 (18.27%) Web Services
29 306 (17.80%) Continuous Integration
30 296 (17.22%) Scrum

OO
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 87 (5.06%) Apache Spark
2 63 (3.66%) Elasticsearch
3 61 (3.55%) Confluence
3 61 (3.55%) SharePoint
4 33 (1.92%) Apache
4 33 (1.92%) IIS
5 32 (1.86%) CMS
6 29 (1.69%) Tomcat
7 26 (1.51%) WordPress
8 25 (1.45%) Cloud Foundry
9 19 (1.11%) Apache Airflow
10 17 (0.99%) Drupal
10 17 (0.99%) nginx
11 15 (0.87%) Apache Solr
12 14 (0.81%) Traefik
13 12 (0.70%) IBM Domino
14 11 (0.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 9 (0.52%) EPiServer
15 9 (0.52%) Luigi
16 8 (0.47%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 25 (1.45%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.35%) Photoshop
3 5 (0.29%) Adobe Illustrator
3 5 (0.29%) Fireworks
4 3 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.058%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 66 (3.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 31 (1.80%) Magento
3 17 (0.99%) Shopify
4 9 (0.52%) Dynamics AX
5 8 (0.47%) Distributed Ledger
5 8 (0.47%) R3 Corda
6 3 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
6 3 (0.17%) Workday HCM
7 2 (0.12%) WebTrends
8 1 (0.058%) Infor M3
8 1 (0.058%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.058%) SAP IBP
8 1 (0.058%) Sentinel
8 1 (0.058%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 557 (32.40%) AWS
2 497 (28.91%) Azure
3 229 (13.32%) Serverless
4 141 (8.20%) GCP
5 135 (7.85%) AWS Lambda
6 134 (7.80%) GitHub
7 115 (6.69%) SaaS
8 92 (5.35%) PaaS
9 91 (5.29%) Azure Functions
10 90 (5.24%) Amazon S3
11 82 (4.77%) Cloud Computing
12 80 (4.65%) Amazon EC2
13 71 (4.13%) Azure Service Bus
14 69 (4.01%) AWS CloudFormation
15 67 (3.90%) Azure App Service
15 67 (3.90%) Azure Service Fabric
16 62 (3.61%) Amazon ECS
17 50 (2.91%) Azure Key Vault
18 40 (2.33%) Azure Active Directory
19 38 (2.21%) Azure Storage
Communications & Networking
1 66 (3.84%) HTTP
2 49 (2.85%) Broadband
3 21 (1.22%) Internet
4 11 (0.64%) FTP
4 11 (0.64%) WebEx
5 9 (0.52%) SSH
6 8 (0.47%) Network Security
7 7 (0.41%) AMQP
8 6 (0.35%) SWIFTNet
8 6 (0.35%) Wireless
9 4 (0.23%) RIP
9 4 (0.23%) Wireshark
10 2 (0.12%) DNS
10 2 (0.12%) Intranet
10 2 (0.12%) VSAN
11 1 (0.058%) Extranet
11 1 (0.058%) Multicast
11 1 (0.058%) Skype
11 1 (0.058%) Wi-Fi
11 1 (0.058%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 270 (15.71%) SQL Server
2 217 (12.62%) Relational Database
3 186 (10.82%) NoSQL
4 171 (9.95%) MongoDB
4 171 (9.95%) MySQL
5 136 (7.91%) PostgreSQL
6 97 (5.64%) Big Data
7 94 (5.47%) Redis
8 75 (4.36%) Data Warehouse
9 72 (4.19%) Amazon RDS
10 66 (3.84%) Hadoop
11 59 (3.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 47 (2.73%) Apache Cassandra
13 46 (2.68%) Azure SQL Database
14 39 (2.27%) RDBMS
15 31 (1.80%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 26 (1.51%) SQL Server 2019
17 25 (1.45%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 22 (1.28%) Data Lake
18 22 (1.28%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 333 (19.37%) Git (software)
2 233 (13.55%) Jenkins
3 141 (8.20%) JIRA
4 109 (6.34%) Selenium
5 88 (5.12%) Team Foundation Server
6 85 (4.94%) JUnit
7 70 (4.07%) Maven
8 69 (4.01%) TeamCity
9 67 (3.90%) webpack
10 55 (3.20%) JMeter
11 53 (3.08%) Octopus Deploy
12 49 (2.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 49 (2.85%) Visual Studio Team System
13 48 (2.79%) Cucumber
14 47 (2.73%) Gradle
14 47 (2.73%) Visual Studio
15 45 (2.62%) Mockito
16 44 (2.56%) Cypress.io
17 41 (2.39%) WebDriver
18 38 (2.21%) GitLab
General
1 426 (24.78%) Finance
2 365 (21.23%) Social Skills
3 188 (10.94%) Banking
4 144 (8.38%) Analytical Skills
5 127 (7.39%) Retail
6 87 (5.06%) Games
7 70 (4.07%) Advertising
8 62 (3.61%) Public Sector
9 60 (3.49%) Marketing
10 53 (3.08%) Front Office
11 50 (2.91%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 35 (2.04%) Manufacturing
13 33 (1.92%) Legal
14 31 (1.80%) Automotive
14 31 (1.80%) Investment Banking
14 31 (1.80%) Presentation Skills
15 26 (1.51%) Publishing
16 25 (1.45%) Local Government
17 20 (1.16%) Law
18 19 (1.11%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 999 (58.12%) Developer
2 269 (15.65%) Senior Developer
3 216 (12.57%) Java Developer
4 215 (12.51%) Software Engineer
5 176 (10.24%) Full Stack Developer
6 151 (8.78%) C# Developer
7 139 (8.09%) .NET Developer
8 85 (4.94%) Backend Developer
9 82 (4.77%) Senior Software Engineer
10 81 (4.71%) Software Developer
11 75 (4.36%) Architect
12 73 (4.25%) C# .NET Developer
13 68 (3.96%) JavaScript Developer
14 67 (3.90%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 63 (3.66%) Senior Java Developer
16 58 (3.37%) Senior C# Developer
17 52 (3.03%) Solutions Architect
18 51 (2.97%) Azure Developer
19 50 (2.91%) React Developer
20 46 (2.68%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 561 (32.64%) React
2 458 (26.64%) CSS
3 452 (26.29%) HTML
4 421 (24.49%) .NET
5 329 (19.14%) Node.js
6 317 (18.44%) REST
7 314 (18.27%) Web Services
8 292 (16.99%) AngularJS
9 253 (14.72%) RESTful
10 221 (12.86%) HTML5
11 206 (11.98%) .NET Core
12 203 (11.81%) Spring
13 180 (10.47%) Kafka
14 169 (9.83%) JSON
15 151 (8.78%) CSS3
16 143 (8.32%) ASP.NET
17 142 (8.26%) jQuery
18 122 (7.10%) .NET Framework
19 117 (6.81%) Redux
20 106 (6.17%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 164 (9.54%) User Experience
2 139 (8.09%) Data Structures
3 126 (7.33%) Algorithms
4 98 (5.70%) Mobile App
5 97 (5.64%) Legacy Systems
6 93 (5.41%) Greenfield Project
7 87 (5.06%) Enterprise Software
8 78 (4.54%) Self-Motivation
9 60 (3.49%) N-Tier
10 43 (2.50%) Social Media
11 37 (2.15%) Cloud Native
11 37 (2.15%) Embedded Systems
12 32 (1.86%) Equities
13 31 (1.80%) Client/Server
14 30 (1.75%) Derivative
15 29 (1.69%) Fixed Income
16 28 (1.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 27 (1.57%) Legacy Code
18 26 (1.51%) Blog
19 24 (1.40%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 183 (10.65%) Linux
2 124 (7.21%) Android
3 109 (6.34%) Apple iOS
4 102 (5.93%) Windows
5 78 (4.54%) Unix
6 23 (1.34%) Mesosphere
7 14 (0.81%) Windows Server 2016
8 11 (0.64%) Embedded Linux
9 4 (0.23%) FreeBSD
9 4 (0.23%) Tizen
9 4 (0.23%) webOS
10 2 (0.12%) Alpine Linux
10 2 (0.12%) Windows Phone
11 1 (0.058%) Solaris
11 1 (0.058%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 970 (56.43%) Agile Software Development
2 521 (30.31%) OOP
3 488 (28.39%) Software Engineering
4 482 (28.04%) Microservices
5 477 (27.75%) DevOps
6 466 (27.11%) TDD
7 369 (21.47%) Full Stack Development
8 351 (20.42%) Test Automation
9 316 (18.38%) OOD
10 306 (17.80%) Continuous Integration
11 296 (17.22%) Scrum
12 288 (16.75%) Computer Science
13 278 (16.17%) MVC
14 277 (16.11%) SOLID
15 267 (15.53%) BDD
16 250 (14.54%) Mentoring
17 241 (14.02%) Unit Testing
18 227 (13.21%) Problem-Solving
19 182 (10.59%) Analytics
20 176 (10.24%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 788 (45.84%) JavaScript
2 657 (38.22%) Java
3 549 (31.94%) C#
4 447 (26.00%) SQL
5 427 (24.84%) Python
6 222 (12.91%) TypeScript
7 141 (8.20%) C++
8 131 (7.62%) PHP
9 114 (6.63%) ES6
10 94 (5.47%) Go
10 94 (5.47%) Ruby
11 88 (5.12%) Java 8
12 81 (4.71%) Scala
13 78 (4.54%) T-SQL
14 75 (4.36%) PowerShell
15 48 (2.79%) Kotlin
16 40 (2.33%) Apple Swift
17 39 (2.27%) Bash Shell
18 34 (1.98%) Groovy
19 31 (1.80%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 286 (16.64%) Degree
2 151 (8.78%) Computer Science Degree
3 21 (1.22%) Security Cleared
4 20 (1.16%) SC Cleared
5 14 (0.81%) ISTQB
6 13 (0.76%) Master's Degree
7 9 (0.52%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 8 (0.47%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.41%) CIW
9 7 (0.41%) OCA
9 7 (0.41%) OCP
9 7 (0.41%) Oracle Certification
10 5 (0.29%) HNC
10 5 (0.29%) HND
11 4 (0.23%) AWS Certification
12 3 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
12 3 (0.17%) PhD
13 2 (0.12%) A+ Certification
13 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
13 2 (0.12%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 164 (9.54%) QA
2 65 (3.78%) Accessibility
3 21 (1.22%) Data Quality
4 9 (0.52%) GDPR
4 9 (0.52%) ISO 20022
5 6 (0.35%) ISO 15022
6 4 (0.23%) WCAG
7 3 (0.17%) SLA
8 2 (0.12%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.12%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.058%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.058%) MiFID
System Software
1 415 (24.14%) Docker
2 7 (0.41%) Ceph
3 4 (0.23%) LXC
3 4 (0.23%) Virtual Machines
4 3 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.17%) vSphere
5 2 (0.12%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.12%) vCloud
5 2 (0.12%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.058%) GridGain
6 1 (0.058%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.058%) Platform Symphony
6 1 (0.058%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 356 (20.71%) Kubernetes
2 216 (12.57%) Terraform
3 87 (5.06%) Opscode Chef
4 68 (3.96%) Ansible
5 61 (3.55%) Puppet
6 26 (1.51%) Prometheus
7 23 (1.34%) Automic
8 20 (1.16%) Kibana
9 17 (0.99%) Consul
10 12 (0.70%) Istio
11 11 (0.64%) logstash
12 7 (0.41%) Fortio
12 7 (0.41%) Galera Cluster
12 7 (0.41%) Kiali
13 6 (0.35%) Grafana
14 4 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
14 4 (0.23%) Rundeck
14 4 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
15 3 (0.17%) Hadoop YARN
15 3 (0.17%) Oozie
Vendors
1 187 (10.88%) Microsoft
2 98 (5.70%) Oracle
3 86 (5.00%) Google
4 52 (3.03%) Salesforce.com
5 42 (2.44%) Nintex
6 35 (2.04%) Splunk
7 23 (1.34%) Apple
8 21 (1.22%) IBM
9 20 (1.16%) Greenplum
10 16 (0.93%) Snapchat
11 15 (0.87%) Conga
11 15 (0.87%) DocuSign
12 14 (0.81%) Facebook
12 14 (0.81%) Fidessa
12 14 (0.81%) Spotify
13 13 (0.76%) PayPal
14 12 (0.70%) BT
14 12 (0.70%) SAP
15 8 (0.47%) Atlassian
15 8 (0.47%) Intel