Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SSH skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SSH over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Secure Shell (SSH)
UK
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 817 675 895
Rank change year-on-year -142 +220 +47
Permanent jobs citing SSH 171 125 226
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.15% 0.18% 0.16%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 1.17% 1.16% 1.00%
Number of salaries quoted 115 92 179
10th Percentile £36,250 £29,000 £32,750
25th Percentile £38,750 £34,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £49,000 £55,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year -10.91% +15.79% +5.56%
75th Percentile £69,375 £71,250 £60,750
90th Percentile £83,750 £90,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £40,000 £43,000
% change year-on-year +6.25% -6.98% +7.50%

SSH is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 14,599 10,803 22,539
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.90% 15.26% 15.58%
Number of salaries quoted 10,203 8,636 17,237
10th Percentile £28,000 £28,289 £25,750
25th Percentile £37,000 £36,250 £33,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year - +11.11% -4.26%
75th Percentile £67,500 £66,063 £62,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

SSH
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SSH as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SSH in the UK

SSH
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SSH.

Salary trend for SSH in the UK

SSH
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SSH over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Salary histogram for SSH in the UK

SSH
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SSH within the UK over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -121 151 £50,000 -10.71% 23
UK excluding London -102 81 £42,500 +6.25% 13
London -96 76 £70,000 +27.27% 10
Work from Home -234 38 £50,000 -21.57% 6
South East -70 30 £50,000 -16.67% 2
Midlands -56 22 £40,000 +23.08% 2
West Midlands - 16 £40,000 - 2
North of England -52 12 £46,500 -7.00% 4
Wales -12 9 £45,000 +26.76% 1
North West -27 9 £46,500 - 4
South West -64 5 £37,500 -6.25% 3
East Midlands -50 4 £42,500 +41.67%
Scotland -65 2 £52,500 -12.50%
Yorkshire - 2 £50,000 -
North East -20 1 £37,500 -25.00%
Northern Ireland -44 1 - -

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT jobs citing SSH also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SSH.

1 100 (58.48%) Linux
2 81 (47.37%) JavaScript
3 73 (42.69%) Python
4 72 (42.11%) Agile Software Development
5 63 (36.84%) SQL
6 62 (36.26%) Java
7 58 (33.92%) Finance
8 50 (29.24%) Docker
9 45 (26.32%) Windows
10 42 (24.56%) Social Skills
11 41 (23.98%) Kubernetes
12 39 (22.81%) MySQL
13 37 (21.64%) SMTP
13 37 (21.64%) DNS
14 36 (21.05%) TCP/IP
15 35 (20.47%) PHP
15 35 (20.47%) Unix
15 35 (20.47%) SSL
16 34 (19.88%) FTP
16 34 (19.88%) Scrum
16 34 (19.88%) Bash Shell
17 33 (19.30%) AWS
17 33 (19.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
18 32 (18.71%) QA
19 31 (18.13%) Software Engineering
19 31 (18.13%) Cybersecurity
20 29 (16.96%) CSS
21 27 (15.79%) HTML
21 27 (15.79%) Git (software)
21 27 (15.79%) Azure

SSH
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (6.43%) Drupal
2 10 (5.85%) WordPress
3 8 (4.68%) Tomcat
4 7 (4.09%) Apache Airflow
4 7 (4.09%) nginx
5 6 (3.51%) IBM Transformation Extender
5 6 (3.51%) WebSphere
6 4 (2.34%) Apache Spark
6 4 (2.34%) Confluence
7 3 (1.75%) Apache
7 3 (1.75%) IIS
8 2 (1.17%) Cloud Foundry
8 2 (1.17%) SharePoint
9 1 (0.58%) Mailman
9 1 (0.58%) MS Exchange
9 1 (0.58%) OpenStack
9 1 (0.58%) SharePoint 2010
9 1 (0.58%) WebLogic
Applications
1 4 (2.34%) Photoshop
2 3 (1.75%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.75%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (1.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 2 (1.17%) Adobe Illustrator
3 2 (1.17%) Fireworks
3 2 (1.17%) MS Visio
3 2 (1.17%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 4 (2.34%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 33 (19.30%) AWS
2 27 (15.79%) Azure
3 21 (12.28%) GCP
4 12 (7.02%) Amazon S3
5 11 (6.43%) AWS Lambda
5 11 (6.43%) IaaS
5 11 (6.43%) Microsoft 365
5 11 (6.43%) PaaS
5 11 (6.43%) Serverless
6 10 (5.85%) Amazon EC2
6 10 (5.85%) GitHub
7 9 (5.26%) Fastly
8 6 (3.51%) Amazon ECS
8 6 (3.51%) Amazon EKS
8 6 (3.51%) SaaS
8 6 (3.51%) Slack
9 4 (2.34%) Amazon SQS
10 2 (1.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 2 (1.17%) Amazon GuardDuty
10 2 (1.17%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 37 (21.64%) DNS
1 37 (21.64%) SMTP
2 36 (21.05%) TCP/IP
3 35 (20.47%) SSL
4 34 (19.88%) FTP
5 23 (13.45%) DHCP
6 22 (12.87%) Internet
7 20 (11.70%) HTTP
8 18 (10.53%) Firewall
9 14 (8.19%) VPN
10 10 (5.85%) IPsec
10 10 (5.85%) Telnet
11 9 (5.26%) LAN
11 9 (5.26%) WAN
12 8 (4.68%) VoIP
13 6 (3.51%) HTTPS
13 6 (3.51%) SNMP
14 5 (2.92%) Network Security
15 4 (2.34%) Broadband
15 4 (2.34%) PuTTY
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (22.81%) MySQL
2 18 (10.53%) Data Warehouse
3 16 (9.36%) PostgreSQL
4 14 (8.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 14 (8.19%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 7 (4.09%) BigQuery
5 7 (4.09%) Relational Database
5 7 (4.09%) SQL Server
6 6 (3.51%) Amazon RDS
6 6 (3.51%) Data Mining
7 4 (2.34%) NoSQL
8 3 (1.75%) Apache Cassandra
8 3 (1.75%) Blockchain
9 1 (0.58%) Couchbase
9 1 (0.58%) Oracle Database
9 1 (0.58%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 27 (15.79%) Git (software)
2 12 (7.02%) JIRA
3 11 (6.43%) gulp
4 10 (5.85%) Cucumber
4 10 (5.85%) Selenium
5 9 (5.26%) Vagrant
6 8 (4.68%) Jenkins
7 7 (4.09%) Postman
8 6 (3.51%) PHPUnit
9 4 (2.34%) Cypress.io
9 4 (2.34%) GitLab
9 4 (2.34%) IntelliJ
9 4 (2.34%) JUnit
10 3 (1.75%) SpecFlow
10 3 (1.75%) WebDriver
11 2 (1.17%) eggPlant
11 2 (1.17%) git-flow
11 2 (1.17%) Grunt
11 2 (1.17%) Jasmine
11 2 (1.17%) Mocha
General
1 58 (33.92%) Finance
2 42 (24.56%) Social Skills
3 27 (15.79%) Analytical Skills
4 16 (9.36%) Retail
5 15 (8.77%) Public Sector
6 14 (8.19%) Back Office
7 13 (7.60%) Marketing
8 10 (5.85%) Banking
9 9 (5.26%) Publishing
9 9 (5.26%) Telecoms
10 7 (4.09%) Manufacturing
11 6 (3.51%) Electronics
12 5 (2.92%) Games
13 3 (1.75%) Advertising
13 3 (1.75%) Organisational Skills
14 2 (1.17%) Aerospace
14 2 (1.17%) Automotive
14 2 (1.17%) Inclusion and Diversity
14 2 (1.17%) Local Government
15 1 (0.58%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 47 (27.49%) Developer
2 22 (12.87%) PHP Developer
3 18 (10.53%) Analyst
4 17 (9.94%) Architect
4 17 (9.94%) Data Architect
5 11 (6.43%) Azure Engineer
5 11 (6.43%) Data Engineer
6 9 (5.26%) Applications Support
7 8 (4.68%) 2nd Line Engineer
7 8 (4.68%) 2nd Line Support
7 8 (4.68%) 2nd Line Support Engineer
7 8 (4.68%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 8 (4.68%) Java Developer
7 8 (4.68%) Network Engineer
7 8 (4.68%) Support Engineer
8 7 (4.09%) Consultant
8 7 (4.09%) DevOps Engineer
8 7 (4.09%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 7 (4.09%) Microsoft 365 Engineer
8 7 (4.09%) Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (16.96%) CSS
2 27 (15.79%) HTML
3 18 (10.53%) LDAP
4 17 (9.94%) .NET
4 17 (9.94%) REST
5 16 (9.36%) Node.js
5 16 (9.36%) React
6 15 (8.77%) AngularJS
6 15 (8.77%) JSON
7 13 (7.60%) Sass
8 12 (7.02%) SOAP
9 11 (6.43%) Spring
9 11 (6.43%) Web Services
10 10 (5.85%) LAMP
11 9 (5.26%) Gherkin
11 9 (5.26%) Java EE
11 9 (5.26%) Memcached
11 9 (5.26%) XML
12 8 (4.68%) JPA
12 8 (4.68%) LEMP Stack
Miscellaneous
1 24 (14.04%) Linux Command Line
2 9 (5.26%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
2 9 (5.26%) SWIFT
3 7 (4.09%) Algorithms
3 7 (4.09%) Blog
4 6 (3.51%) Self-Motivation
5 5 (2.92%) Enterprise Software
6 4 (2.34%) Data Centre
6 4 (2.34%) Greenfield Project
6 4 (2.34%) Internet of Things
7 3 (1.75%) Smart City
8 2 (1.17%) Cyber Defence
8 2 (1.17%) Cyberthreat
8 2 (1.17%) NHS
8 2 (1.17%) PKI
8 2 (1.17%) Public Cloud
9 1 (0.58%) Clustering
9 1 (0.58%) Device Driver
9 1 (0.58%) SCADA
9 1 (0.58%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 100 (58.48%) Linux
2 45 (26.32%) Windows
3 35 (20.47%) Unix
4 33 (19.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 25 (14.62%) Ubuntu
6 20 (11.70%) CentOS
6 20 (11.70%) Debian
7 14 (8.19%) Windows Server
8 6 (3.51%) Oracle Linux
9 3 (1.75%) Windows 10
10 2 (1.17%) Android
10 2 (1.17%) Apple iOS
10 2 (1.17%) CoreOS
10 2 (1.17%) SUSE
10 2 (1.17%) Windows 2000 Server
10 2 (1.17%) Windows Server 2019
10 2 (1.17%) Windows XP
11 1 (0.58%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.58%) Windows Server 2008
11 1 (0.58%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 72 (42.11%) Agile Software Development
2 34 (19.88%) Scrum
3 31 (18.13%) Cybersecurity
3 31 (18.13%) Software Engineering
4 26 (15.20%) Open Source
5 23 (13.45%) OO
6 22 (12.87%) Software Architecture
7 21 (12.28%) DevOps
7 21 (12.28%) Pair Programming
8 20 (11.70%) Problem-Solving
9 19 (11.11%) Configuration Management
10 17 (9.94%) Coaching
10 17 (9.94%) Integration Testing
10 17 (9.94%) Prototyping
10 17 (9.94%) Rapid Prototyping
11 16 (9.36%) Microservices
11 16 (9.36%) Software Testing
12 15 (8.77%) OO PHP
13 14 (8.19%) Data Science
13 14 (8.19%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 81 (47.37%) JavaScript
2 73 (42.69%) Python
3 63 (36.84%) SQL
4 62 (36.26%) Java
5 35 (20.47%) PHP
6 34 (19.88%) Bash Shell
7 25 (14.62%) C++
8 19 (11.11%) PowerShell
8 19 (11.11%) Shell Script
9 13 (7.60%) R
10 12 (7.02%) Perl
11 11 (6.43%) C#
12 10 (5.85%) ES6
12 10 (5.85%) TypeScript
13 7 (4.09%) MATLAB
13 7 (4.09%) Scala
14 6 (3.51%) CFML
15 5 (2.92%) Java 8
16 4 (2.34%) Ruby
17 3 (1.75%) XPath
Qualifications
1 26 (15.20%) Security Cleared
2 21 (12.28%) Degree
3 19 (11.11%) SC Cleared
4 10 (5.85%) CCNA
4 10 (5.85%) Cisco Certification
5 4 (2.34%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 2 (1.17%) CISSP
6 2 (1.17%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (1.17%) GCIH
6 2 (1.17%) ISEB
6 2 (1.17%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.58%) ITIL Certification
7 1 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (18.71%) QA
2 11 (6.43%) Accessibility
3 6 (3.51%) SLA
4 5 (2.92%) COBIT
5 4 (2.34%) Data Quality
6 3 (1.75%) GDPR
7 2 (1.17%) NCSC
7 2 (1.17%) NIST
7 2 (1.17%) WAI
7 2 (1.17%) WCAG
System Software
1 50 (29.24%) Docker
2 9 (5.26%) Active Directory
3 7 (4.09%) VMware ESXi
4 6 (3.51%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (3.51%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (2.34%) Hyper-V
5 4 (2.34%) OpenSSH
6 2 (1.17%) NFS
6 2 (1.17%) vSphere
7 1 (0.58%) iptables
7 1 (0.58%) Terminal Services
7 1 (0.58%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.58%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.58%) Xen
Systems Management
1 41 (23.98%) Kubernetes
2 22 (12.87%) Ansible
3 9 (5.26%) Nessus
4 8 (4.68%) FortiGate
5 7 (4.09%) HAProxy
6 6 (3.51%) Rancher
7 4 (2.34%) Grafana
7 4 (2.34%) Terraform
8 2 (1.17%) EnCase
8 2 (1.17%) FTK
8 2 (1.17%) McAfee ePO
8 2 (1.17%) Microsoft Intune
8 2 (1.17%) Nagios
8 2 (1.17%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (1.17%) ZABBIX
9 1 (0.58%) AirWatch
9 1 (0.58%) BMC Marimba
9 1 (0.58%) Cacti
9 1 (0.58%) Nmap
9 1 (0.58%) Puppet
Vendors
1 19 (11.11%) Microsoft
2 18 (10.53%) Google
3 14 (8.19%) Cisco
3 14 (8.19%) Red Hat
4 13 (7.60%) Oracle
4 13 (7.60%) VMware
5 9 (5.26%) IBM
6 8 (4.68%) Aruba
7 7 (4.09%) Qualys
7 7 (4.09%) Zend
8 6 (3.51%) Adobe
8 6 (3.51%) SAP
9 4 (2.34%) Atlassian
9 4 (2.34%) Monetate
9 4 (2.34%) New Relic
10 3 (1.75%) IBM Sterling
10 3 (1.75%) Splunk
11 2 (1.17%) Fortinet
11 2 (1.17%) McAfee
11 2 (1.17%) Symantec