Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for Internet skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Internet over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Internet
England > London
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 286 178 234
Rank change year-on-year -108 +56 -23
Permanent jobs citing Internet 562 563 859
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in London 1.25% 1.92% 1.49%
As % of the Communications & Networking category 11.30% 14.19% 12.01%
Number of salaries quoted 334 453 633
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,150 £27,500
25th Percentile £48,510 £42,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £62,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year -8.00% +13.64% -4.35%
75th Percentile £75,000 £76,250 £75,000
90th Percentile £96,330 £90,000 £95,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £52,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year -4.76% +16.67% -10.00%

Internet is in the Communications and Computer Networking category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in London with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills.

All Communications and Computer Networking Skills
London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for communications or computer networking skills 4,972 3,967 7,153
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in London 11.10% 13.50% 12.44%
Number of salaries quoted 3,273 3,215 5,879
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £29,000
25th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £87,500
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,000
% change year-on-year - +8.70% -3.16%

Internet
Job Vacancy Trend in London

Job postings citing Internet as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in London.

Job vacancy trend for Internet in London

Internet
Salary Trend in London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Internet in London.

Salary trend for Internet in London

Internet
Salary Histogram in London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Internet in London over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Internet in London

Internet
Job Locations in London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Internet within the London region over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Central London -55 34 £62,500 +4.17% 52
West London -12 25 £50,196 +5.68% 11
South London +4 18 £70,000 +154.55% 2
East London +15 16 £32,500 -61.76% 11
North London +14 1 - - 1
Internet
England

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT jobs citing Internet also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the London region with a requirement for Internet.

1 168 (29.89%) Social Skills
2 166 (29.54%) Agile Software Development
3 158 (28.11%) JavaScript
4 128 (22.78%) AWS
5 99 (17.62%) HTML
6 98 (17.44%) Finance
6 98 (17.44%) User Experience
7 94 (16.73%) Docker
7 94 (16.73%) Python
8 90 (16.01%) Mentoring
9 87 (15.48%) Problem-Solving
10 86 (15.30%) Azure
11 84 (14.95%) Microsoft
11 84 (14.95%) Software Engineering
12 82 (14.59%) Linux
13 81 (14.41%) Windows
14 79 (14.06%) Firewall
14 79 (14.06%) Degree
14 79 (14.06%) Internet of Things
15 77 (13.70%) Open Source
16 76 (13.52%) Kubernetes
17 72 (12.81%) React
17 72 (12.81%) Java
18 71 (12.63%) Cisco
19 70 (12.46%) Analytical Skills
20 69 (12.28%) CSS
20 69 (12.28%) Google
21 65 (11.57%) GCP
22 64 (11.39%) DevOps
23 61 (10.85%) Cybersecurity

Internet
Co-occurring IT Skills in London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (6.23%) nginx
2 29 (5.16%) IIS
3 22 (3.91%) Apache
3 22 (3.91%) Apache Spark
4 21 (3.74%) Elasticsearch
4 21 (3.74%) WordPress
5 20 (3.56%) Tomcat
6 17 (3.02%) Confluence
7 11 (1.96%) ejabberd
8 9 (1.60%) MS Exchange
9 8 (1.42%) CMS
9 8 (1.42%) SharePoint
10 6 (1.07%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 6 (1.07%) WebLogic
11 4 (0.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 4 (0.71%) Tornado
12 3 (0.53%) Skype for Business
13 2 (0.36%) Drupal
13 2 (0.36%) Exchange Server 2010
14 1 (0.18%) WebSphere
Applications
1 14 (2.49%) Figma
1 14 (2.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (2.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 11 (1.96%) Microsoft Office
4 5 (0.89%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.71%) Sketch
6 3 (0.53%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.36%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.36%) MS Visio
8 1 (0.18%) Adobe After Effects
8 1 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.18%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.18%) Final Cut Pro
8 1 (0.18%) InDesign
8 1 (0.18%) InVision
8 1 (0.18%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 4 (0.71%) Maximo
2 1 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.18%) Dynamics GP
2 1 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.18%) Relativity
2 1 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
2 1 (0.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 128 (22.78%) AWS
2 86 (15.30%) Azure
3 65 (11.57%) GCP
4 40 (7.12%) Microsoft 365
5 36 (6.41%) SaaS
6 26 (4.63%) IaaS
7 23 (4.09%) Azure Active Directory
8 19 (3.38%) Amazon S3
9 15 (2.67%) Akamai
10 13 (2.31%) Amazon EC2
11 11 (1.96%) GitHub
11 11 (1.96%) npm
11 11 (1.96%) Slack
12 9 (1.60%) Cloud Computing
12 9 (1.60%) Serverless
13 7 (1.25%) Route 53
14 6 (1.07%) AWS Lambda
14 6 (1.07%) Google Play
15 5 (0.89%) OneDrive
16 4 (0.71%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 79 (14.06%) Firewall
2 52 (9.25%) TCP/IP
3 46 (8.19%) LAN
4 42 (7.47%) BGP
5 40 (7.12%) WAN
6 32 (5.69%) Wireless
7 27 (4.80%) VPN
8 26 (4.63%) DNS
8 26 (4.63%) HTTP
9 25 (4.45%) OSPF
10 24 (4.27%) Network Security
11 23 (4.09%) SNMP
12 21 (3.74%) MPLS
13 20 (3.56%) Intranet
13 20 (3.56%) Wi-Fi
14 17 (3.02%) Broadband
14 17 (3.02%) Diameter Protocol
15 16 (2.85%) Asterisk PBX
15 16 (2.85%) PBX
16 15 (2.67%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (7.65%) Big Data
2 41 (7.30%) SQL Server
3 30 (5.34%) Relational Database
4 23 (4.09%) Hadoop
5 22 (3.91%) Apache Cassandra
6 17 (3.02%) MySQL
6 17 (3.02%) NoSQL
7 16 (2.85%) MongoDB
7 16 (2.85%) PostgreSQL
8 14 (2.49%) Amazon RDS
9 12 (2.14%) Blockchain
9 12 (2.14%) Redis
10 11 (1.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 9 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
12 8 (1.42%) Apache Hive
12 8 (1.42%) HBase
13 7 (1.25%) Metadata
14 6 (1.07%) Flink
14 6 (1.07%) Oracle Database
14 6 (1.07%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 61 (10.85%) Git (software)
2 46 (8.19%) Jenkins
3 33 (5.87%) JIRA
4 11 (1.96%) fastlane
4 11 (1.96%) Maven
5 8 (1.42%) Bitbucket
5 8 (1.42%) webpack
6 6 (1.07%) Cypress.io
7 5 (0.89%) Eclipse
7 5 (0.89%) IntelliJ
8 4 (0.71%) Browser DevTools
8 4 (0.71%) CircleCI
8 4 (0.71%) Mercurial
9 3 (0.53%) IBM UrbanCode
9 3 (0.53%) Postman
9 3 (0.53%) SoapUI
10 2 (0.36%) GCC
10 2 (0.36%) Gradle
10 2 (0.36%) RSpec
10 2 (0.36%) Trac
General
1 168 (29.89%) Social Skills
2 98 (17.44%) Finance
3 70 (12.46%) Analytical Skills
4 57 (10.14%) Banking
5 56 (9.96%) Marketing
6 45 (8.01%) Telecoms
7 35 (6.23%) Retail
8 26 (4.63%) Public Sector
9 24 (4.27%) Games
10 21 (3.74%) Advertising
10 21 (3.74%) Manufacturing
11 19 (3.38%) Organisational Skills
12 18 (3.20%) Legal
13 13 (2.31%) Retail Banking
14 12 (2.14%) Electronics
15 8 (1.42%) Presentation Skills
16 7 (1.25%) Brand Awareness
17 6 (1.07%) Automotive
17 6 (1.07%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 6 (1.07%) Public Speaking
Job Titles
1 107 (19.04%) Developer
2 40 (7.12%) Network Engineer
2 40 (7.12%) Senior Developer
3 36 (6.41%) Consultant
4 33 (5.87%) Analyst
5 23 (4.09%) Architect
5 23 (4.09%) DevOps Engineer
5 23 (4.09%) Software Engineer
6 21 (3.74%) Android Engineer
7 20 (3.56%) Full Stack Developer
8 19 (3.38%) Java Developer
9 16 (2.85%) Senior Manager
9 16 (2.85%) Web Developer
10 15 (2.67%) Junior
10 15 (2.67%) Security Engineer
10 15 (2.67%) Senior DevOps
11 14 (2.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 14 (2.49%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 14 (2.49%) Senior Web Developer
12 13 (2.31%) Network Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 99 (17.62%) HTML
2 72 (12.81%) React
3 69 (12.28%) CSS
4 59 (10.50%) Node.js
5 52 (9.25%) REST
6 44 (7.83%) Web Services
7 37 (6.58%) JSON
8 32 (5.69%) RESTful
9 31 (5.52%) HTML5
10 29 (5.16%) Vue.js
11 28 (4.98%) CSS3
11 28 (4.98%) Sass
12 23 (4.09%) Kafka
12 23 (4.09%) Spring
13 22 (3.91%) Apache Flex
13 22 (3.91%) Django
13 22 (3.91%) Next.js
14 20 (3.56%) .NET
15 18 (3.20%) GraphQL
16 16 (2.85%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 98 (17.44%) User Experience
2 79 (14.06%) Internet of Things
3 52 (9.25%) Self-Motivation
4 48 (8.54%) Data Centre
5 35 (6.23%) Online Banking
6 29 (5.16%) Management Information System
7 27 (4.80%) Algorithms
8 25 (4.45%) Mobile App
9 21 (3.74%) Data Structures
10 20 (3.56%) Music Streaming
10 20 (3.56%) Video\Live Streaming
11 19 (3.38%) Social Media
12 16 (2.85%) Virtual Team
13 13 (2.31%) Cloud Native
13 13 (2.31%) iPad
14 12 (2.14%) CUDA
14 12 (2.14%) iPhone
14 12 (2.14%) RIA
14 12 (2.14%) Smart Home
14 12 (2.14%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 82 (14.59%) Linux
2 81 (14.41%) Windows
3 44 (7.83%) Android
4 20 (3.56%) Apple iOS
5 19 (3.38%) Windows Server
6 18 (3.20%) Windows 10
7 17 (3.02%) Debian
8 15 (2.67%) Unix
8 15 (2.67%) Windows 7
9 12 (2.14%) Mac OS X
10 11 (1.96%) Embedded Linux
11 7 (1.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 7 (1.25%) Windows Server 2008
11 7 (1.25%) Windows Server 2012
12 6 (1.07%) CentOS
12 6 (1.07%) Windows Server 2016
12 6 (1.07%) Windows Server 2019
13 4 (0.71%) Windows 8
14 2 (0.36%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 166 (29.54%) Agile Software Development
2 90 (16.01%) Mentoring
3 87 (15.48%) Problem-Solving
4 84 (14.95%) Software Engineering
5 77 (13.70%) Open Source
6 64 (11.39%) DevOps
7 61 (10.85%) Cybersecurity
8 51 (9.07%) Computer Science
9 46 (8.19%) Scrum
10 44 (7.83%) Project Management
11 43 (7.65%) Analytics
12 42 (7.47%) Continuous Improvement
13 41 (7.30%) Time Management
14 40 (7.12%) Continuous Integration
15 39 (6.94%) Information Security
16 37 (6.58%) ITIL
17 36 (6.41%) High Availability
18 35 (6.23%) Coaching
18 35 (6.23%) Microservices
19 33 (5.87%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 158 (28.11%) JavaScript
2 94 (16.73%) Python
3 72 (12.81%) Java
4 61 (10.85%) SQL
5 41 (7.30%) TypeScript
6 27 (4.80%) Perl
7 26 (4.63%) PowerShell
8 23 (4.09%) C#
8 23 (4.09%) Rust
9 22 (3.91%) Bash Shell
9 22 (3.91%) C
10 19 (3.38%) C++
10 19 (3.38%) PHP
11 18 (3.20%) ES6
11 18 (3.20%) Go
12 15 (2.67%) Ruby
13 10 (1.78%) R
14 8 (1.42%) Shell Script
15 6 (1.07%) PL/SQL
16 5 (0.89%) VB
Qualifications
1 79 (14.06%) Degree
2 27 (4.80%) Cisco Certification
2 27 (4.80%) Computer Science Degree
3 21 (3.74%) CCNP
4 11 (1.96%) CCNA
5 10 (1.78%) Security Cleared
6 9 (1.60%) PhD
7 8 (1.42%) CISSP
8 6 (1.07%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.89%) Chartered Engineer
9 5 (0.89%) Numerate Degree
9 5 (0.89%) Postgraduate
10 4 (0.71%) ACCA
10 4 (0.71%) CCIE
10 4 (0.71%) CIMA
10 4 (0.71%) DV Cleared
10 4 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
11 3 (0.53%) CCDP
11 3 (0.53%) CISM
11 3 (0.53%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (7.65%) QA
2 10 (1.78%) Accessibility
3 6 (1.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (1.07%) SLA
4 5 (0.89%) HAZOP
4 5 (0.89%) IEC 61508
4 5 (0.89%) IFRS
4 5 (0.89%) ISO 26262
4 5 (0.89%) Solvency II
5 4 (0.71%) WCAG
6 3 (0.53%) Cyber Essentials
6 3 (0.53%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 3 (0.53%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.53%) GDPR
6 3 (0.53%) NIST
6 3 (0.53%) PMO
7 2 (0.36%) Actionable Recommendations
7 2 (0.36%) ISO 31000
7 2 (0.36%) NCSC
7 2 (0.36%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 94 (16.73%) Docker
2 42 (7.47%) Active Directory
3 17 (3.02%) iptables
3 17 (3.02%) KVM
3 17 (3.02%) QEMU
4 16 (2.85%) Kamailio
5 15 (2.67%) VMware Infrastructure
6 12 (2.14%) Firmware
7 11 (1.96%) Postfix
8 7 (1.25%) HDFS
9 6 (1.07%) Hyper-V
9 6 (1.07%) Oracle RAC
10 5 (0.89%) OpenSIPS
10 5 (0.89%) Varnish
10 5 (0.89%) VMware ESXi
11 4 (0.71%) vSphere
12 3 (0.53%) Virtual Desktop
13 2 (0.36%) BitLocker
13 2 (0.36%) Microsoft App-V
14 1 (0.18%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 76 (13.52%) Kubernetes
2 29 (5.16%) Ansible
3 25 (4.45%) Puppet
4 17 (3.02%) Galera Cluster
4 17 (3.02%) HAProxy
4 17 (3.02%) ZABBIX
5 16 (2.85%) SCCM
6 15 (2.67%) Terraform
7 13 (2.31%) Microsoft Intune
8 9 (1.60%) Opscode Chef
9 7 (1.25%) Prometheus
10 6 (1.07%) Data Guard
10 6 (1.07%) Oracle RMAN
11 4 (0.71%) Docker Swarm
11 4 (0.71%) Packer
12 3 (0.53%) Backup Exec
13 2 (0.36%) CA Spectrum
13 2 (0.36%) Nmap
13 2 (0.36%) SCOM
13 2 (0.36%) SCSM
Vendors
1 84 (14.95%) Microsoft
2 71 (12.63%) Cisco
3 69 (12.28%) Google
4 35 (6.23%) Splunk
5 34 (6.05%) Juniper
6 31 (5.52%) Apple
7 26 (4.63%) Oracle
8 24 (4.27%) HP
9 21 (3.74%) VMware
10 20 (3.56%) Palo Alto
10 20 (3.56%) Spotify
11 19 (3.38%) Citrix
12 18 (3.20%) Mitel
13 17 (3.02%) GENBAND
13 17 (3.02%) Percona
13 17 (3.02%) SonicWALL
14 13 (2.31%) SAP
15 11 (1.96%) Fortinet
15 11 (1.96%) Nortel
16 10 (1.78%) IBM